null  null
04/10/12 10:25:51 31KTB600_001
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the scooter and should remain with
the scooter when it is resold.
This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda
Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
2004 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
04/10/12 10:25:54 31KTB600_002
2005
Honda PS250
BIG RUCKUS
OWNER’S MANUAL
04/10/12 10:26:01 31KTB600_003
Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
scooter.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your scooter and how it works. To
protect your investment, we urge you to
take responsibility for keeping your
scooter well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
Introduction
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section,
and both an in-depth table of contents and
an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
04/10/12 10:26:08 31KTB600_004
Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 197 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important production information.
Introduction
04/10/12 10:26:14 31KTB600_005
A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this scooter safely is
an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a scooter. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the scooter.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
04/10/12 10:26:21 31KTB600_006
A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Scooter Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this scooter correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
04/10/12 10:26:30 31KTB600_007
Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Scooter Safety ..................................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your scooter.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 9
The location and function of indicators
and controls on your scooter and
operating instructions for various
controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 23
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your scooter are ready to
ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 41
How to start and stop the engine, shift
gears, and brake. Also, riding
precautions and important information
about riding with a passenger or cargo.
04/10/12 10:26:45 31KTB600_008
Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 63
Why your scooter needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 145
How to store and transport your scooter
and how to be an environmentallyresponsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 153
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 173
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 193
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 202
Table of Contents ............................... 204
Sequential listing of topics in this
owner’s manual.
Index..................................................... 208
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
04/10/12 10:26:47 31KTB600_009
04/10/12 10:26:52 31KTB600_010
Scooter Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
scooter safely. Please take a few moments
to read these pages. This section also
includes information about the location of
safety labels on your scooter.
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Accessories & Modifications ................... 5
Safety Labels ............................................ 7
Scooter Safety
1
04/10/12 10:26:57 31KTB600_011
Important Safety Information
Your scooter can provide many years of
service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider most important.
2
Scooter Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 24 ).
04/10/12 10:27:03 31KTB600_012
Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Because many accidents involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a certified course
approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 26 .
Ride Defensively
The most frequent scooter collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
scooter. Another common situation is a car
moving suddenly into your lane.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and
Practice Guide, which came with your
new scooter (USA only).
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see scooters because
they are not looking for them. To make
yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Scooter Safety
3
04/10/12 10:27:10 31KTB600_013
Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
scooter accidents. Never ride beyond your
personal abilities or faster than conditions
warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, and inattention can significantly
reduce your ability to make good
judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Scooter Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your scooter
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your scooter before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 32 ), and
do not modify your scooter (page 6 ) or
install accessories that would make your
scooter unsafe (page 5 ).
04/10/12 10:27:17 31KTB600_014
Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your scooter or using nonHonda accessories can make your scooter
unsafe. Before you consider making any
modifications or adding an accessory, be
sure to read the following information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
genuine Honda accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
scooter. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
(cont’d)
Scooter Safety
5
04/10/12 10:27:24 31KTB600_015
Accessories & Modifications
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the scooter’s electrical
system capacity (page 180 ). A blown
fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine
power (page 166 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
scooter. This scooter was not designed
for these attachments, and their use can
seriously impair your scooter’s handling.
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your scooter
in any way that would change its design or
operation. Such changes could seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, stability,
and braking, making it unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
scooter illegal.
6
Scooter Safety
04/10/12 10:27:34 31KTB600_016
Safety Labels
Safety labels on your scooter either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious
injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t
remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Scooter Safety
7
04/10/12 10:27:49 31KTB600_017
Safety Labels
〈For USA〉
〈For Canada〉
8
Scooter Safety
04/10/12 10:27:55 31KTB600_018
Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
scooter.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Component Locations ............................ 10
Gauges & Indicators ............................... 13
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 17
Start Button ......................................... 18
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 18
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 19
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 19
Horn Button ........................................ 20
Tripmeter Reset Knob ........................ 20
Parking Brake Lock............................ 20
Instruments & Controls
9
04/10/12 10:28:01 31KTB600_019
Component Locations
speedometer
rear brake fluid reservoir
rearview
mirror
fuel gauge
front brake fluid reservoir
rearview
mirror
indicators
front brake
lever
rear brake
lever
engine stop
switch
headlight
dimmer switch
turn signal switch
throttle grip
start button
horn button
ignition switch
10
Instruments & Controls
04/10/12 10:28:07 31KTB600_020
Component Locations
rear seat lever
rear seat
battery
main fuse
fuse box
front seat
parking brake lever
utility box
tool kit
owner’s
manual
oil filler cap/dipstick
passenger footpeg
fuel fill cap
Instruments & Controls
11
04/10/12 10:28:13 31KTB600_021
Component Locations
seat lock knob
seat slide lever
helmet holder
front carrier
rear deck
air cleaner
passenger footpeg
coolant reserve tank
12
Instruments & Controls
side stand
center stand
04/10/12 10:28:20 31KTB600_022
Gauges & Indicators
The gauges and indicators on your scooter
keep you informed, alert you to possible
problems, and make your riding safer and
more enjoyable. Refer to the gauges and
indicators frequently. Their functions are
described on the following pages.
(1)
(3) (4)
(2)
(1) speedometer
(2) odometer
(3) tripmeter
(4) fuel gauge
(5) parking brake indicator
(6) coolant temperature indicator
(7) right turn signal indicator
(8) high beam indicator
(9) left turn signal indicator
USA: Odometer & tripmeter read in miles.
(5)
Canada: Odometer & tripmeter read in
kilometers.
(6)
(9)
(8)
(7)
Instruments & Controls
13
04/10/12 10:28:26 31KTB600_023
Gauges & Indicators
Lamp Check
When applicable, the high beam and
parking brake indicators come on when
you turn the ignition switch ON and
remain on until you select the low beam,
release the parking brake lever and begin
riding.
If one of these indicators does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for burned-out bulbs or other
problems.
14
Instruments & Controls
04/10/12 10:28:37 31KTB600_024
Gauges & Indicators
1
speedometer
Shows riding speed in miles per hour.
2
odometer
Shows the total miles ridden.
3
tripmeter
Shows the number of miles ridden since you last
reset the meter. To zero (0) the tripmeter, turn the
tripmeter reset knob.
4
fuel gauge
Shows the approximate fuel supply available. At F
(Full), the fuel tank capacity including reserve is:
3.17 US gal (12.0 )
When the gauge needle first points to E (Empty), refill
the tank as soon as possible. At E there is:
0.53 US gal (2.0 )
5
parking brake indicator
(red)
Lights as a reminder that you have not released the
parking brake lever.
Instruments & Controls
15
04/10/12 10:28:47 31KTB600_025
Gauges & Indicators
6
coolant temperature
indicator (red)
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to
the side of the road. See pages 164 − 165 for
instructions and cautions.
7
right turn signal indicator
(amber)
Flashes when the right turn signal operates.
8
high beam indicator
(blue)
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
9
left turn signal indicator
(amber)
Flashes when the left turn signal operates.
16
Instruments & Controls
04/10/12 10:28:59 31KTB600_026
Controls & Features
FRONT
Ignition Switch
OFF
The ignition switch ( 1 ) is used for starting
and stopping the engine (page 43 ) and to
lock the steering for theft prevention (page
58 ). Insert the key and turn it to the right
for the ON position. Push down on the key
and turn it to the left to the LOCK
(steering lock) position.
Key Position
ON
OFF
LOCK
(steering
lock)
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
No electrical circuits
function. Locks the
steering head.
ON
LOCK
(1)
(1) ignition switch
To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.
Instruments & Controls
17
04/10/12 10:29:08 31KTB600_027
Controls & Features
Start Button
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 44 .
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight
will automatically go out, but the taillight
will stay on.
The starter motor will not operate if the
engine stop switch is in the OFF position
when the start button is pushed.
The electric starter will only work when
the rear brake lever is pulled in and the
side stand is up.
18
Instruments & Controls
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
04/10/12 10:29:16 31KTB600_028
Controls & Features
If your scooter is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine stop switch
OFF, the headlight and taillight will
remain on, resulting in battery discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking. To
cancel the light, push the switch in.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
Instruments & Controls
HI
LO
19
04/10/12 10:29:25 31KTB600_029
Controls & Features
Horn Button
Parking Brake Lock
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
Be sure the parking brake is applied while
starting and warming up the engine.
The parking brake lock will not function if
the parking brake is not adjusted properly
(page 123 ).
Tripmeter Reset Knob
The tripmeter reset knob (4 ) is used to
reset the tripmeter to zero (0) by turning
the knob in the direction shown.
(4)
(4) tripmeter reset knob
20
Instruments & Controls
To Apply the Brake Lock
Pull the parking brake lever ( 1 ) down to
lock the rear wheel.
(See illustration on page 21 ).
The parking brake lock will not be applied
if the parking brake is not adjusted
properly (page 123 ).
04/10/12 10:29:32 31KTB600_030
Controls & Features
To Release the Brake Lock
Release the parking brake lever ( 1 ) by
lightly pulling down on the rear of the
lever.
Before riding, check that the parking
brake indicator is turned OFF and make
sure that the rear brake is fully released so
there is no drag on the rear wheel.
(1)
< To apply >
(1)
< To release >
(1) parking brake lever
Instruments & Controls
21
04/10/12 10:29:35 31KTB600_031
22
Instruments & Controls
04/10/12 10:29:39 31KTB600_032
Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your scooter, and adjustments to make for
your comfort, convenience, or safety. This
section also includes important
information about loading.
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 24
Protective Apparel .............................. 24
Rider Training .................................... 26
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride? .......... 28
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 28
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 31
Loading ............................................... 31
Load Limits ........................................ 32
Loading Guidelines ............................ 33
Cargo Compartments.............................. 34
Front Carrier ....................................... 34
Rear Deck ........................................... 35
Utility Box .......................................... 36
Comfort & Convenience ........................ 37
Seat Operation .................................... 37
Rear Seat Operation ........................... 39
Before Riding
23
04/10/12 10:29:50 31KTB600_033
Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your scooter for the first
time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
If you must carry an extra helmet while
riding, use a commercially-available
elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the
helmet to the seat.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride,
too, and is wearing proper gear including a
helmet.
24
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
04/10/12 10:29:59 31KTB600_034
Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker in any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye
protection, and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
25
04/10/12 10:30:06 31KTB600_035
Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your scooter.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other scooters, take time to become
familiar with how this scooter works and
handles. Practice riding the scooter in a
safe area to build your skills. Do not ride
in traffic until you get accustomed to the
scooter’s controls, and feel comfortable
with its size and weight.
26
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a certified
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). New riders should
start with the basic course, and even
experienced riders will find the advanced
course beneficial. For information about
the MSF training course nearest you, call
the national toll-free number: (800) 4469227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
scooter (USA only).
04/10/12 10:30:11 31KTB600_036
Are You Ready to Ride?
ALWAYS wear a helmet.
You should also wear a face shield or goggles.
Clothes should be close-fitting.
Wear gloves.
Wear bright or reflective clothing.
Boots should be close-fitting, have low heels and offer ankle protection.
Before Riding
27
04/10/12 10:30:19 31KTB600_037
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your scooter and make sure any problem
you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
28
Before Riding
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the scooter:
Tires & Look at the tires. If a tire
Wheels appears low, use an air pressure
gauge to check its pressure. Also
look for signs of excessive wear
(page 126 ) or damage to the
tires and wheels.
04/10/12 10:30:28 31KTB600_038
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
Walk around your scooter
and look for anything that
appears unusual, such as a
leak or loose cable.
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo,
also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 32 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Before Riding
29
04/10/12 10:30:38 31KTB600_039
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
scooter:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check
it moves smoothly without
binding.
Brakes
Pull the front and rear
brake levers to check that
they operate normally.
Indicators
30
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal operation
of the gauges and
indicators (page 13 ).
Before Riding
If you haven’t ridden the scooter in over a
week, you should also check other items,
such as the oil level and other fluids. See
Periodic Maintenance (page 70 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
04/10/12 10:30:44 31KTB600_040
Load Limits & Guidelines
Your scooter has been designed to carry
you and one passenger. When you carry a
passenger, you may feel some difference
during acceleration and braking. But so
long as you keep your scooter wellmaintained, with good tires and brakes,
you can safely carry loads within the
given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, braking,
and stability. Non-Honda accessories,
improper modifications, and poor
maintenance can also reduce your safety
margin.
Loading
How much weight you put on your scooter,
and how you load it, are important to your
safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger
or cargo, you should be aware of the
following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
Before Riding
31
04/10/12 10:30:56 31KTB600_041
Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Following are the load limits for your
scooter:
maximum weight capacity:
322 lbs (146 kg)
331 lbs (150 kg) (Canada only)
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
maximum cargo weight:
54.6 lbs (24.5 kg)
includes following maximum
compartment weights:
front carrier:
6.6 lbs (3.0 kg)
rear deck:
45 lbs (20 kg)
utility box:
3 lbs (1.5 kg)
32
Before Riding
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
rear deck:
weight limit − 45 lbs (20 kg)
front carrier:
weight limit − 6.6 lbs (3.0 kg)
utility box:
weight limit − 3 lbs (1.5 kg)
04/10/12 10:31:06 31KTB600_042
Load Limits & Guidelines
Loading Guidelines
Your scooter is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You
may wish to secure a jacket or other small
items to the seat when you are not riding
with a passenger.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 5 .
Follow these guidelines whenever you
carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly
inflated, and that pressure in the rear
tire is increased to suit the load (page
124 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
Place cargo weight as low and close to
the center of your scooter as possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
Improperly loading your scooter can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your scooter is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds and never
exceed 70 mph (112 km/h) when carrying
cargo.
Before Riding
33
04/10/12 10:31:14 31KTB600_043
Cargo Compartments
Front Carrier
The front carrier ( 1 ) is designed to carry
up to 6.6 lbs (3.0 kg).
(1)
However, regardless of front carrier
capacity, be sure you do not exceed the
maximum load and cargo weight limits.
Also make sure that any cargo loaded on
the front carrier does not block the turn
signals or headlight.
(2)
(1) front carrier
(2) hooks
34
Before Riding
04/10/12 10:31:22 31KTB600_044
Cargo Compartments
Rear Deck
(1)
The rear deck is located below the rear
seat.
The rear deck ( 1 ) is designed to carry up
to 45 lbs (20 kg).
However, regardless of rear deck capacity,
be sure you do not exceed the maximum
load and cargo weight limits.
To use the rear deck, pull up the rear seat
(page 39 ).
(2)
(1) rear deck
(2) hooks
Before Riding
35
04/10/12 10:31:32 31KTB600_045
Cargo Compartments
Utility Box
The utility box ( 1 ) may be used to store
lightweight items. Do not carry more than
the maximum weight limit.
maximum weight limit:
6.6 lbs (3.0 kg)
To Close the Utility Box
Insert the ignition key and close the utility
box cover.
Turn the ignition key counterclockwise to
lock the utility box.
Remove the ignition key.
Make sure the cover is closed securely.
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
The owner’s manual (and other
documents) should be stored in the
document bag provided in the utility box.
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your scooter.
To Open the Utility Box
Insert the ignition key (2) and turn it
clockwise.
36
Before Riding
(2)
(1) utility box
(2) ignition key
04/10/12 10:31:42 31KTB600_046
Comfort & Convenience
Seat Operation
The seating position can be adjusted to
your preference. There are 10 positions
available.
Seat Slide Adjustment
1. Park your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. Insert the ignition key (1) into the front
seat lock (2) and turn it clockwise to
unlock the seat.
3. Pull the seat slide lever (3) while sliding
the seat to adjust its position.
(1)
To avoid possible damage to the seat
rail, do not adjust the seat position with
a passenger sitting on the rear seat.
(2)
(1) ignition key
(2) seat lock
(3) seat slide lever
(3)
(cont’d)
Before Riding
37
04/10/12 10:31:47 31KTB600_047
Comfort & Convenience
4. Release the seat slide lever and make
sure the seat is locked securely.
5. Turn the ignition key counterclockwise
to lock the seat and then remove the
ignition key.
38
Before Riding
04/10/12 10:32:02 31KTB600_048
Comfort & Convenience
Rear Seat Operation
Raising the Rear Seat
1. Park your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. Insert the ignition key ( 1 ) into the rear
seat lock ( 2 ) and turn it clockwise to
unlock the rear seat ( 3 ).
(3)
(2)
(1)
(4)
(1) ignition key
(2) rear seat lock
(3) rear seat
(4) rear seat lever
3. Pull the rear seat lever (4 ) up and lift
the rear seat until it stops.
4. Release the rear seat lever and make
sure the rear seat is locked securely.
5. Turn the ignition key counterclockwise
to lock the rear seat and then remove
the ignition key.
Lowering the Rear Seat
1. Park your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. Insert the ignition key into the rear seat
lock and turn it clockwise to unlock the
rear seat.
3. Pull the rear seat lever up and lower the
seat, taking care to keep your hands
clear.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
39
04/10/12 10:32:06 31KTB600_049
Comfort & Convenience
Lowering the rear seat roughly can cause
damage to the rear seat and rear deck.
4. Release the rear seat lever and turn the
ignition key counterclockwise to lock
the rear seat and then remove the
ignition key. The ignition key will not
turn if the rear seat is not completely
down.
40
Before Riding
04/10/12 10:32:13 31KTB600_050
Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle and
brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or
cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 183 ).
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 42
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 43
Preparation .......................................... 43
Starting Procedure .............................. 44
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 47
Riding...................................................... 48
Braking ................................................... 55
Parking .................................................... 57
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .......... 61
For information about carburetor
adjustment for riding at high altitude, see
page 184 .
To protect the catalytic converter in your
scooter’s exhaust system, avoid extended
idling and the use of leaded gasoline.
Basic Operation & Riding
41
04/10/12 10:32:18 31KTB600_051
Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your scooter for the first
time, please review the Scooter Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on page
23 .
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your scooter.
42
Basic Operation & Riding
04/10/12 10:32:27 31KTB600_052
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your scooter’s exhaust contains
poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can
collect rapidly in an enclosed area and
cause illness or death.
Do not use the electric starter for more
than 5 seconds at a time. Release the start
button for approximately 10 seconds
before pressing it again.
Operate the starter button for slightly
longer than usual without opening the
throttle if the scooter has been left
standing for a long time or when the fuel
tank has just been refilled.
Your scooter is equipped with a side stand
ignition cut-off system. If the side stand is
down––the engine cannot be started.
Preparation
This scooter has an automatic fuel valve
and choke; there is no manual operation.
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
Basic Operation & Riding
43
04/10/12 10:32:38 31KTB600_053
Starting & Stopping the Engine
4. Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the
rear brake lever (2 ) and setting the
parking brake lever ( 3 ).
Starting Procedure
1. Place the scooter on its center stand.
2. Make sure the engine stop switch is at
RUN.
3. Turn the ignition switch ( 1 ) ON.
Contact with the spinning rear
wheel can cause you to be hurt.
BELOW HANDLEBAR
ON
(1)
Set the parking brake when the
scooter is on its center stand.
The electric starter will only work when
the rear brake lever is pulled in and the
side stand is up.
(1) ignition switch
44
Basic Operation & Riding
04/10/12 10:32:46 31KTB600_054
Starting & Stopping the Engine
LEFT HANDLEBAR
5. With the throttle closed, push the start
button ( 4 ). Release the start button as
soon as the engine starts.
(2)
(2) rear brake lever
(3)
PUSH
(4)
(4) start button
(3) parking brake lever
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
45
04/10/12 10:32:55 31KTB600_055
Starting & Stopping the Engine
6. Be sure to keep the throttle ( 5 ) closed
and the rear brake locked while starting
and warming up the engine.
7. Allow the engine to warm up before
riding (see Riding, page 48 ).
If You Cannot Restart a Warm Engine
1. Place the scooter on its center stand,
squeeze the rear brake lever, and set the
parking brake lock (page 20 ).
2. Open the throttle ( 5 ) 1/8 − 1/4 turn
while starting the engine.
Do not ‘‘blip’’ (rapidly open and close)
the throttle. This action may cause the
scooter to move forward suddenly.
1/8
1/4
CLOSED
(5)
(5)
(5) throttle
46
Basic Operation & Riding
(5) throttle
04/10/12 10:33:02 31KTB600_056
Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, turn the ignition switch
OFF.
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your scooter is stopped with the
engine stop switch OFF and the ignition
switch ON, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
Basic Operation & Riding
47
04/10/12 10:33:09 31KTB600_057
Riding
1. To prevent unexpected movement,
make sure the throttle is closed and the
parking brake is locked (page 20 )
before moving the scooter off its center
stand.
(1)
(1) parking brake lever
48
Basic Operation & Riding
2. Stand on the left side of the scooter and
push it forward and off the center stand.
04/10/12 10:33:16 31KTB600_058
Riding
3. Mount the scooter from the left side,
keeping at least one foot on the ground
to steady the scooter.
4. To unlock the rear wheel, release the
parking brake lever ( 1 ).
(1)
(1) parking brake lever
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
49
04/10/12 10:33:24 31KTB600_059
Riding
5. Before starting off, indicate your
direction with the turn signals, and
check for safe traffic conditions. Grasp
the handlebars firmly with both hands.
6. To accelerate, open the throttle ( 2 )
gradually. The scooter will move
forward.
Do not blip (rapidly open and close) the
throttle as the scooter will move forward
suddenly.
7. To decelerate, close the throttle.
CLOSED
OPEN
(2)
(2) throttle
50
Basic Operation & Riding
04/10/12 10:33:32 31KTB600_060
Riding
8. To slow the scooter, reduce the throttle
( 2 ) and apply the front ( 3 ) and rear (4 )
brakes together.
Using only one brake reduces stopping
performance.
CLOSED
(2)
(2) throttle
(3)
(4)
(3) front brake lever
(4) rear brake lever
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
51
04/10/12 10:33:40 31KTB600_061
Riding
9. When approaching a corner or turn,
slow the scooter by closing the throttle
( 2 ) fully and applying both the front
(3 ) and rear ( 4 ) brakes at the same
time.
10. After completing a turn, open the
throttle gradually to accelerate the
scooter.
CLOSED
(2)
(3)
(4)
(2) throttle
52
(3) front brake
Basic Operation & Riding
(4) rear brake
04/10/12 10:33:47 31KTB600_062
Riding
11. When descending a steep grade, close
the throttle ( 2 ) fully and apply both the
front ( 3 ) and rear ( 4 ) brakes to slow
the scooter.
Avoid continued use of the brakes,
which may cause the brakes to overheat
and reduce braking efficiency.
(4)
(3)
CLOSED
(2)
(2) throttle
(3) front brake
(4) rear brake
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
53
04/10/12 10:33:52 31KTB600_063
Riding
12. When riding in wet or rainy conditions
or loose surfaces, the ability to
maneuver and stop is reduced. For your
safety:
Exercise extreme caution when
braking, accelerating, or turning.
Ride at slower speeds and allow for
extra stopping distance.
Keep the scooter as upright as
possible.
Use extreme caution when riding
over slippery surface such as railroad
tracks, iron plates, manhole covers,
painted lines, etc.
54
Basic Operation & Riding
04/10/12 10:33:59 31KTB600_064
Braking
Your scooter is equipped with a Combined
Braking System. Operating the front brake
lever applies the front brake. Operating
the rear brake lever applies the rear brake
and a portion of the front brake. For full
braking effectiveness, use the front and
rear brake levers simultaneously.
As a general rule, the front braking system
provides about 70 percent of total stopping
power.
For full braking effectiveness, use both
the brake levers simultaneously. Using
both braking systems will stop your
scooter faster with greater stability.
To slow or stop, apply the front and rear
brake levers smoothly.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed.
For support, before coming to a complete
stop, put your left foot down first, then
your right foot down.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your scooter. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
Basic Operation & Riding
55
04/10/12 10:34:06 31KTB600_065
Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your scooter.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 26 ) to retain these skills.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control. For
56
Basic Operation & Riding
your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade,
use both brakes intermittently.
Continuous brake application can
overheat the brakes and reduce their
effectiveness.
Riding with your hand on either brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving
a false indication to other drivers. It
may also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
04/10/12 10:34:17 31KTB600_066
Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the center stand.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when
parking your scooter. Refer to Catalytic
Converter, page 190 .
If you must park on a hill, position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
2. Use the side or center stand to support
the scooter while parked.
To lower the side stand, use your
foot to guide it down.
Check that the side stand is down all
the way so that the side stand ignition
cut-off system (page 43 ) is activated.
To lower the center stand, stand on
the left side of the scooter. Hold the
left handle grip and the left passenger
handrail. Press down on the tip of the
stand with your right foot and,
simultaneously, pull up and back.
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the stand
for support.
USE CENTER STAND
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
57
04/10/12 10:34:24 31KTB600_067
Parking
3. Use the steering lock, which locks the
handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar
all the way to the left or right. Push in
on the ignition key ( 1 ) and turn it to
LOCK. Remove the key.
(To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.)
LOCK STEERING
TO LOCK
(A)
(1)
(B)
(C)
(1)
(A)
TO UNLOCK
(1) ignition key
58
Basic Operation & Riding
(A) push in
(B) turn to lock
(C) turn to unlock
04/10/12 10:34:32 31KTB600_068
Parking
4. Use the helmet holder ( 2 ), located
below the seat, to secure your helmet
with your scooter.
Remove the front seat (page 84 ).
Remove the helmet holder cable ( 3 )
from the tool kit (page 82 ) and route
it through the helmet D-rings ( 4 ).
Hook the loops of the holder cable
onto the helmet holder.
Install the front seat.
To remove a helmet, remove the front
seat. Remove the hooks of the holder
cable from the helmet holder. Remove
the cable from the helmet D-rings and
return the cable to the tool kit in the
utility box.
UNDER FRONT SEAT
(2)
(3)
(4)
(2) helmet holder
(3) helmet holder cable
(4) D-rings
Basic Operation & Riding
59
04/10/12 10:34:40 31KTB600_069
Parking
Theft-Prevention Tips
Park your scooter in a locked garage
whenever possible. If a garage isn’t
available, park in a concealed area or in
a well-lit area with enough pedestrian
traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 58 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked scooter to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a scooter to a secure
object.
60
Basic Operation & Riding
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your scooter. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your scooter is stolen and recovered.
04/10/12 10:34:46 31KTB600_070
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your scooter is designed to carry you and
one passenger. Whenever you add a
passenger or cargo, you must be careful
not to exceed the total load limits for this
vehicle (Load Limits, page 32 ). Make
sure your cargo is properly secured
(Loading Guidelines, page 33 ).
Be aware that carrying a passenger or
heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
Before riding with a passenger, make sure
your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 24 ).
Tell your passenger to hold the passenger
handrails or your waist, lean with you in
the turns, and keep their feet on the
passenger footpegs at all times, even when
the scooter is stopped at a traffic light.
Basic Operation & Riding
61
04/10/12 10:34:48 31KTB600_071
62
Basic Operation & Riding
04/10/12 10:34:56 31KTB600_072
Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your scooter in good shape,
this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), see page 185 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 66
Maintenance Safety ................................ 67
Important Safety Precautions ............. 68
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 70
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 72
Maintenance Record............................... 77
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 166 .
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
63
04/10/12 10:35:08 31KTB600_073
Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Component Locations ............................ 79
Tool Kit ................................................... 82
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 83
Front Seat Removal ................................ 84
Clip Removal .......................................... 85
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 86
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen................. 89
Coolant .................................................... 99
Belt Case Air Cleaner........................... 103
Air Cleaner ........................................... 105
Crankcase Breather .............................. 107
64
Servicing Your Honda
Engine
Throttle ................................................. 108
Engine Idle Speed................................. 110
Spark Plug............................................. 112
Chassis
Brakes ................................................... 115
Tires ...................................................... 124
Side Stand ............................................. 131
Electrical
Battery................................................... 132
Appearance Care .................................. 137
04/10/12 10:35:22 31KTB600_074
Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your scooter. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your scooter’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
28
Periodic Maintenance
70
Maintenance Schedule
72
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your scooter
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
Servicing Your Honda
65
04/10/12 10:35:28 31KTB600_075
The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained scooter will also help
to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your scooter before each ride, perform the
periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your scooter overturns or is involved in
a crash, be sure your Honda dealer
inspects all major parts, even if you are
able to make some repairs.
66
Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:35:34 31KTB600_076
Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools provided with your scooter.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
67
04/10/12 10:35:42 31KTB600_077
Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot scooter parts. Let the
engine and exhaust system cool before
touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
68
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the scooter from falling
over, park it on a firm, level surface,
using the side stand, center stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
Be sure the rear brake lock is set before
running the engine while the scooter is
supported by the center stand. This will
prevent the rear wheel from spinning
and avoid the possibility of someone
being injured from contacting the wheel.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
04/10/12 10:35:47 31KTB600_078
Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. To ensure the best
quality and reliability, use only new
genuine Honda parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual (page
194 ).
Servicing Your Honda
69
04/10/12 10:35:52 31KTB600_079
Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 72 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 28 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your scooter, or as often as once a
week if you ride frequently or for long
distances. It’s a good idea to perform this
maintenance any time you clean your
scooter.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 72 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
70
Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:36:05 31KTB600_080
Periodic Maintenance
Tires &
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 124 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 126 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 126 ). Roll your scooter so you can inspect the entire
surface.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 93 ), coolant (page 100 ),
and brake fluid (page 116 ). Add the correct fluid as necessary, and
investigate the cause of any low fluid level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the parking brake lever (page 123 ), and throttle
grip.
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
71
04/10/12 10:36:10 31KTB600_081
Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your scooter serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your scooter serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
72
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 194 ).
04/10/12 10:36:18 31KTB600_082
Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only genuine
Honda parts or their equivalents for repair
or replacement to ensure the best quality
and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 28 )
and owner maintenance (page 72 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 194 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
73
04/10/12 10:36:28 31KTB600_083
Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.
3. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden often at full throttle or in the rain.
4. California type only.
5. Inspect every 8,000 mi (12,800 km)
after replacement.
6. Replace every 2 years, or at indicated
odometer interval, whichever comes
first. Replacement requires mechanical
skill. Refer to the official Honda
service manual.
7. Replace every 2 years.
Replacement requires mechanical skill.
74
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
04/10/12 10:36:41 31KTB600_084
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
CRANK CASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUG
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL STRAINER
SCREEN
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
SYSTEM
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
CONTROL SYSTEM
0.6
1.0
2
3
I
R
I
6
4
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
20
24
16
12
4
8
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
R
I
R
I
R
I
I
I
I
R
R
R
R
R
R
C
C
C
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
−
108
105
107
112
−
89
97
I
R
I
I
110
99
−
−
I
ー
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 194 ).
Servicing Your Honda
75
04/10/12 10:36:54 31KTB600_085
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
NON-EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
**
76
*
*
*
*
**
*
*
**
**
DRIVE BELT
BELT CASE AIR CLEANER
FINAL DRIVE OIL
BRAKE FLUID
BRAKE SHOES/PAD WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH
BRAKE LOCK OPERATION
HEADLIGHT AIM
CLUTCH SHOE WEAR
SIDE STAND
SUSPENSION
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
WHEELS/TIRES
STEERING HEAD BEARINGS
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
5
0.6
1.0
7
6
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
12
24
16
20
4
8
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
R
R
I
I
C
C
C
C
C
C
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
−
103
−
−
119
115
−
20
−
−
131
−
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 194 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:37:02 31KTB600_086
Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your scooter is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the scooter
is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the scooter to the new owner. Make sure
whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance,
including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner
operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record
anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600 (1,000)
4,000 (6,400)
8,000 (12,800)
12,000 (19,200)
16,000 (25,600)
20,000 (32,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
77
04/10/12 10:37:10 31KTB600_087
Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
24,000 (38,400)
28,000 (44,800)
32,000 (51,200)
36,000 (57,600)
40,000 (64,000)
44,000 (70,400)
48,000 (76,800)
52,000 (83,200)
56,000 (89,600)
60,000 (96,000)
64,000 (102,400)
68,000 (108,800)
78
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
04/10/12 10:37:15 31KTB600_088
Component Locations
rear brake fluid reservoir
front brake fluid reservoir
front brake lever
rear brake lever
throttle
ignition switch
Servicing Your Honda
79
04/10/12 10:37:20 31KTB600_089
Component Locations
tool kit
owner’s manual
parking brake lever
battery
main fuse
fuse box
utility box
oil filler cap/dipstick
oil plug
80
Servicing Your Honda
fuel fill cap
04/10/12 10:37:24 31KTB600_090
Component Locations
belt case
air cleaner
engine idle speed/
spark plug
air cleaner
rear brake adjusting nut
front brake caliper
side stand
coolant reserve tank
center stand
Servicing Your Honda
81
04/10/12 10:37:34 31KTB600_091
Tool Kit
The tool kit ( 1 ) is stored in the storage
compartment in the utility box. Some
roadside repairs, minor adjustments, and
parts replacement can be performed with
the tools contained in the kit.
INSIDE UTILITY BOX
(1)
(1) tool kit
82
Servicing Your Honda
10 × 12 mm open end wrench
14 × 17 mm open end wrench
8 mm open end wrench
no. 2 Phillips screwdriver
screwdriver handle
helmet holder cable
spark plug wrench
tool bag
04/10/12 10:37:40 31KTB600_092
Owner’s Manual Storage
Your scooter provides storage for the
owner’s manual ( 1 ) so you’ll have it with
you for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag in the owner’s manual
storage compartment in the utility box.
INSIDE UTILITY BOX
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your scooter.
(1)
(1) owner’s manual
Servicing Your Honda
83
04/10/12 10:37:52 31KTB600_093
Front Seat Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
The front seat must be removed to remove
the battery cover, to service the fuse and
battery.
(7)
(1) (2)
(4)
(5)
(3)
Removal
1. Insert the ignition key ( 1 ) into the front
seat lock ( 2 ). Turn it clockwise to
unlock the seat.
2. Pull the seat lock knob ( 3 ) forward,
then lift the front seat ( 4 ) up and
forward.
(6)
(1) ignition key
(2) front seat lock
(3) seat lock knob
(4) front seat
84
(8)
(5) prongs
(6) guide hooks
(7) seat hook
(8) seat catch
Servicing Your Honda
Installation
1. Insert the prongs ( 5 ) into the guide
hooks ( 6 ).
2. Insert the seat hook ( 7 ) into the seat
catch ( 8 ), and then push down on the
front of the front seat.
3. Turn the ignition key counterclockwise
to lock the seat, then remove the key.
Make sure the seat is locked securely in
position after installation.
04/10/12 10:38:01 31KTB600_094
Clip Removal
Clip removal and installation:
Removal
Press down on the center pin to release
the lock.
Pull out the clip from the hole.
Installation
Slightly open the retaining pawls and
then push them out.
Insert the clip into the hole.
Lightly press down on the center pin to
lock the clip.
Servicing Your Honda
85
04/10/12 10:38:11 31KTB600_095
Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel
because it produces fewer engine deposits
and extends the life of exhaust system
components.
The use of leaded gas will damage the
catalytic converter.
Your engine is designed to use any
gasoline that has a pump octane number of
86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service
stations normally display the pump octane
number. For information on the use of
oxygenated fuels, see page 191 .
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
86
Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:38:22 31KTB600_096
Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Fuel Capacity
BELOW HANDLEBAR
(2)
Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:
3.17 US gal (12.0 )
(3)
(1)
(1) fuel tank lid
(2) ignition key
(3) fuel fill cap
1. Open the fuel tank lid ( 1 ).
2 Insert the ignition key ( 2 ) in the fuel
fill cap ( 3 ) and turn it clockwise.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
87
04/10/12 10:38:29 31KTB600_097
Fuel
3. Remove the fuel fill cap by turning it
counterclockwise.
4. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 4 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
(4)
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
5. After refueling, install the fuel fill cap
by turning it clockwise.
6. Turn the ignition key counterclockwise
and remove it.
7 Close the fuel tank lid.
(4) filler neck
88
Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:38:35 31KTB600_098
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
Using the proper oil (page 90 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 75 .
Servicing Your Honda
89
04/10/12 10:38:43 31KTB600_099
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
90
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-40
MA or MB
Servicing Your Honda
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without
molybdenum additives), or HP4M
(with molybdenum additives) 4stroke oil, or an equivalent
motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
04/10/12 10:38:53 31KTB600_100
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Your scooter does not need oil additives.
Use the recommended oil.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication
and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
Servicing Your Honda
91
04/10/12 10:38:59 31KTB600_101
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index to
choose engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard has the
following classification on the oil
container.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
92
Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:39:11 31KTB600_102
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
1. Park your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick ( 1 )
and wipe it clean.
5. Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it
seats, but don’t screw it in.
(2)
(3)
(1) oil filler cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level
mark
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
93
04/10/12 10:39:20 31KTB600_103
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
6. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and
check the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 2 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 3 ) –– add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
7. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.
8. Check for oil leaks.
94
Servicing Your Honda
Changing Engine Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench, as well as a means for disposing
of the drained fluid (page 151 ). If you do
not have the skills or the tools, see your
Honda dealer.
04/10/12 10:39:28 31KTB600_104
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the oil plug ( 1 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap/dipstick ( 2 ), oil plug, spring ( 3 )
and oil strainer screen (4 ).
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
(3)
(4)
(1) oil plug
(2) oil filler cap/
dipstick
(1)
(3) spring
(4) oil strainer
screen
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
95
04/10/12 10:39:41 31KTB600_105
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 151 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
6. Install the oil strainer screen, spring and
oil plug. Tighten the oil plug to
specified torque:
15 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
7. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 90 ),
approximately:
1.2 US qt (1.1 )
96
Servicing Your Honda
8. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
9. Lock the rear wheel (page 20 ).
10. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
11. Stop the engine. Wait 2−3 minutes.
Check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick.
12. Make sure there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as
soon as possible to verify proper
assembly.
04/10/12 10:39:50 31KTB600_106
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
RIGHT SIDE
Engine Oil Strainer Screen
(2)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the oil plug ( 1 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap/dipstick ( 2 ), oil plug, spring ( 3 )
and oil strainer screen ( 4 ).
(3)
(4)
(1)
(1) oil plug
(2) oil filler cap/
dipstick
(3) spring
(4) oil strainer
screen
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
97
04/10/12 10:40:03 31KTB600_107
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 151 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
6. Clean the oil strainer screen.
7. Check the oil strainer screen, sealing
rubber, and oil plug O-ring are in good
condition.
8. Install the oil strainer screen, spring and
oil plug. Tighten the oil plug to
specified torque:
15 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
9. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 90 ),
approximately:
1.2 US qt (1.1 )
98
Servicing Your Honda
10. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
11. Lock the rear wheel (page 20 ).
12. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
13. Stop the engine. Wait 2−3 minutes.
Check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick.
14. Make sure there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as
soon as possible to verify proper
assembly.
04/10/12 10:40:12 31KTB600_108
Coolant
Your scooter’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
Use only distilled water as a part of the
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this scooter. This
coolant solution is recommended for most
operating temperatures and provides good
corrosion protection.
Servicing Your Honda
99
04/10/12 10:40:20 31KTB600_109
Coolant
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
BELOW HANDLEBAR
(1) fuel tank lid
(1)
1. Open the fuel tank lid ( 1 ).
100 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:40:29 31KTB600_110
Coolant
2. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank (2 ). It should be
between the UPPER (3 ) and LOWER
( 4 ) level marks.
UNDER FUEL TANK LID
(2)
(5)
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
3. Remove the reserve tank cap (5 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
4. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
5. Install the reserve tank cap.
6. Close the fuel tank lid.
(3)
(4)
(2) reserve tank
(3) UPPER level mark
(4) LOWER level mark
(5) reserve tank cap
Servicing Your Honda
101
04/10/12 10:40:37 31KTB600_111
Coolant
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 194 ).
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment, page
151 .
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
102 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:40:47 31KTB600_112
Belt Case Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
1. Remove the bolts ( 1 ), screws ( 2 ) and
the belt case air cleaner assembly ( 3 ).
LEFT SIDE
(3)
2. Remove the element cover ( 4 ) by
releasing the tab ( 5 ).
3. Remove the element ( 6 ).
LEFT SIDE
(5)
(4)
(2)
(6)
(4) element cover
(5) tab
(1)
(1) bolts
(2) screws
(3) belt case air cleaner assembly
(6) element
4. Gently wash the element in clean, nonflammable (high flash point) solvent
such as kerosene − not gasoline. After
cleaning, gently squeeze out the
remaining solvent.
Avoid twisting or wringing the element.
This can tear the foam.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
103
04/10/12 10:40:53 31KTB600_113
Belt Case Air Cleaner
5. Inspect the element for cracks or tears
in the foam or seams. Replace the
element if it is damaged.
6. Allow the element to dry thoroughly
before installation.
Do not apply oil to the element. The drive
belt may be damaged.
7. Install the element.
8. Install the element cover.
104 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:41:00 31KTB600_114
Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your scooter’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine damage.
Servicing Your Honda
105
04/10/12 10:41:13 31KTB600_115
Air Cleaner
LEFT SIDE
Replacement
1. Remove the belt case air cleaner
assembly (page 103 ).
2. Remove the screws A ( 1 ) and screws B
( 2 ) that secure the air cleaner housing
cover ( 3 ).
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(1)
(2)
(5)
(4)
(4) screws C
(5) air cleaner
(1) screws A
(2) screws B
(2)
(3) air cleaner
housing cover
106 Servicing Your Honda
2. Remove the screws C ( 4 ) that secure
the air cleaner ( 5 ).
3. Discard the air cleaner.
4. Install a new air cleaner.
5. Install the removed parts in reverse
order of removal.
04/10/12 10:41:20 31KTB600_116
Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Draining
Service the crankcase breather more
frequently if your scooter is ridden in the
rain or often at full throttle. Service the
breather if you can see deposits in the
transparent section of the drain tube.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) crankcase breather tube plug
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube plug ( 1 ).
2. Remove the plug to drain the deposits in
the tube.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube
plug.
Servicing Your Honda
107
04/10/12 10:41:33 31KTB600_117
Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/8−1/4 in (3−6 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) rubber dust cover
(2) lock nut
(3) adjuster
108 Servicing Your Honda
Adjustment
1. Pull the rubber dust cover ( 1 ) back.
2. Loosen the lock nut ( 2 ).
3. Turn the adjuster ( 3 ).
4. Tighten the lock nut. Return the dust
cover to its normal position.
5. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
04/10/12 10:41:39 31KTB600_118
Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
109
04/10/12 10:41:49 31KTB600_119
Engine Idle Speed
The best way to assure proper carburetion
is to see your Honda dealer for regularly
scheduled servicing, including carburetor
adjustment.
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
For information about high altitude
carburetor adjustment, see page 184 .
110 Servicing Your Honda
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(1)
(1) clip
(2) maintenance lid
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with ten minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
2. Place your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
3. Remove the clip ( 1 ) and maintenance
lid ( 2 ).
04/10/12 10:41:56 31KTB600_120
Engine Idle Speed
4. Lock the rear wheel by pulling the
parking brake lever and squeezing the
rear brake lever (page 20 ). Start the
engine.
5. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 3 ).
Idle speed:
1,500 ± 100 rpm
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(−)
(+)
(3) throttle stop screw
(+) increase
(−) decrease
Servicing Your Honda
111
04/10/12 10:42:10 31KTB600_121
Spark Plug
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
for cold
climate
(below 5°C,
41°F)
for
extended
high speed
riding
DPR7EA-9 (NGK) or
X22EPR-U9 (DENSO)
DPR6EA-9 (NGK) or
X20EPR-U9 (DENSO)
DPR8EA-9 (NGK) or
X24EPR-U9 (DENSO)
Spark Plug Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
1. Remove the maintenance lid (page 110).
2. Disconnect the spark plug cap ( 1 ).
Take care to avoid damaging the spark
plug wire when disconnecting the cap.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
112 Servicing Your Honda
(1) spark plug cap
04/10/12 10:42:20 31KTB600_122
Spark Plug
3. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug base.
4. Using the spark plug wrench provided
in the tool kit, remove the spark plug.
5. Discard the spark plug.
6. Check the spark plug gap ( 2 ), using a
wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is
necessary, bend the side electrode ( 3 )
carefully.
The gap should be:
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
(3)
(2)
(2) spark plug gap
(3) side electrode
7. With the plug washer attached, thread
the spark plug in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
113
04/10/12 10:42:29 31KTB600_123
Spark Plug
8. Tighten the spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it
twice to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK: 3/4 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 1/2 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
114 Servicing Your Honda
9. Reinstall the spark plug cap. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
10. Reinstall the maintenance lid.
04/10/12 10:42:37 31KTB600_124
Brakes
The hydraulic disc (front) and hydraulic
drum (rear) braking systems on your
scooter dissipate the heat generated by the
friction of the brake pads on the brake disc
(front) and the brake shoes on the drum
(rear) as the wheels are slowed.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level will drop. A leak in the system will
also cause the level to drop.
If the brake lever freeplay does not feel
within the normal range while riding,
check the brake pads and shoes for wear
(page 119 , 122 ). Worn pads and shoes
should be replaced. If the pads are not
worn beyond the recommended limit,
there is probably air in the brake system.
See your Honda dealer to have the air bled
from the system.
Frequently inspect the system to ensure
there are no fluid leaks.
Periodically inspect the brake fluid level
and the brake pads and shoes for wear.
Servicing Your Honda
115
04/10/12 10:42:47 31KTB600_125
Brakes
Brake Fluid Recommendation
brake
fluid
Hond DOT 3 or DOT 4
Brake Fluid
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 3 or DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any
brake fluid of equal quality and
performance. Use fresh brake fluid from a
sealed container. Be sure to read the label
before opening the sealed container. An
opened container may be contaminated or
may have absorbed moisture from the air.
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
If your inspection indicates a low fluid
level, have your Honda dealer add the
recommended brake fluid.
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except
in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have
your Honda dealer check the system as
soon as possible.
Brake f luid can damage plastic and
painted surf aces. Handle with care.
116 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:42:55 31KTB600_126
Brakes
Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid contact
with skin or eyes. In case of contact, wash
thoroughly and call a doctor immediately
if it contacts your eyes.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
(1)
1. Place your scooter in an upright position
on a firm, level surface.
2. Check the fluid level.
It should be above the LOWER level
mark ( 1 ).
If the level is at or below the LOWER
level mark, check the brake pads for
wear (page 119 ).
(1) LOWER level mark
Servicing Your Honda
117
04/10/12 10:43:01 31KTB600_127
Brakes
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn beyond the recommended
limit, have your brake system inspected
for leaks.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hoses and fittings.
118 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:43:08 31KTB600_128
Brakes
FRONT
Brake Pad Wear
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the
pads at each regular maintenance interval
(page 76 ).
Front Brake
Check the wear indicator mark ( 1 ) in each
pad. If either pad is worn to the wear
indicator mark, replace both pads as a set.
See your Honda dealer for this service.
(1)
(1) wear indicator mark
Servicing Your Honda
119
04/10/12 10:43:17 31KTB600_129
Brakes
Rear Brake Lever Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
LEFT HANDLEBAR
Inspection
1. Place your scooter on its center stand.
2. Check freeplay by slowly depressing
the rear brake lever ( 1 ) until the brake
starts to engage.
Freeplay:
13/16−1 3/16 in (20−30 mm)
(1)
If necessary, adjust to the specified
range.
(1) rear brake lever
120 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:43:27 31KTB600_130
Brakes
Adjustment
1. Turn the rear brake adjusting nut ( 2 ).
Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting
nut is seated on the brake arm pin ( 3 ).
LEFT REAR
(2)
2. Apply the brake, release it, and then
spin the wheel and check that it rotates
freely. Repeat this procedure several
times.
3. Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust
the freeplay properly, see your Honda
dealer.
Other Inspections
(−)
(+)
(3)
Make sure the brake arm, spring, and
fasteners are in good condition.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hoses and fittings.
(2) rear brake adjusting nut
(3) brake arm pin
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
Servicing Your Honda
121
04/10/12 10:43:35 31KTB600_131
Brakes
Brake Shoe Wear
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
LEFT REAR
(2)
(3)
(1)
(4)
(1) punch mark
(2) brake cam
spindle
The rear brake is equipped with an
external brake wear indicator that lets you
check brake wear without disassembly.
Application of the rear brake lever causes
the punch mark on the brake cam spindle
to move toward a reference mark on the
brake sub-arm.
1. Place your scooter on its center stand.
2. Apply the rear brake lever and check
the punch mark ( 1 ) (wear indicator)
position of the brake cam spindle ( 2 ).
Replace the brake shoes if the punch
mark aligns with the reference mark ( 3 )
on the brake sub-arm ( 4 ) upon full
application of the brake. If replacement
is necessary, see your Honda dealer.
(3) reference mark
(4) brake sub-arm
122 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:43:43 31KTB600_132
Brakes
Parking Brake Lever Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
(1)
1. Stop the engine and put the scooter on
its center stand on level ground.
2. Count the number of clicks before the
brake starts to take hold by slowly
pulling the grip down from the fully
returned position.
Parking brake grip free play is:
2 - 4 clicks
If adjustment is necessary, have the brake
adjusted by your Honda dealer for this
service.
(1) parking brake lever
Servicing Your Honda
123
04/10/12 10:43:51 31KTB600_133
Tires
To safely operate your scooter, your tires
must be the proper type and size, in good
condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
124 Servicing Your Honda
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your scooter ride more harshly, are more
prone to damage from road hazards, and
wear unevenly.
04/10/12 10:44:02 31KTB600_134
Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.
However, because leakage is often very
slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully
inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the scooter has been
parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your scooter has only
been ridden for a few miles –– the
rear
*
25 psi
(175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
29 psi
(200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
with less than 200 lbs
(90 kg) of added weight*
33 psi
(225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
with more than 200 lbs
(90 kg) of added weight*
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo & all accessories
Servicing Your Honda
125
04/10/12 10:44:12 31KTB600_135
Tires
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
126 Servicing Your Honda
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
Tread Wear
(1)
(2)
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
04/10/12 10:44:22 31KTB600_136
Tires
For the best performance, you should
replace a tire before the tread depth at the
center reaches the following limits:
front
rear
0.06 in (1.5 mm)
0.08 in (2.0 mm)
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
Tire Repair
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire replaced or permanently
repaired as soon as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire, page
160 .)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is
repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
Servicing Your Honda
127
04/10/12 10:44:29 31KTB600_137
Tires
A permanent repair, such as an internal
plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a
small puncture in the tread area. With such
a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph
(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. If you choose to
have a tire repaired, be sure the repair
work is performed by a professional and
that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
If you have a tire professionally repaired
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
128 Servicing Your Honda
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
The tires that came on your scooter were
designed to match the performance
capabilities of your scooter and provide
the best combination of handling, braking,
durability, and comfort.
04/10/12 10:44:40 31KTB600_138
Tires
You should replace the tires with tires of
the same size, load range, and speed rating
as the originals.
The recommended tires for your scooter
are:
front
rear
Installing improper tires on your
scooter can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
type
110/90-12 64L
IRC-SS550 DUAL
130/70-12 56L
IRC-SS550 DUAL
bias-ply, tubeless
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
Servicing Your Honda
129
04/10/12 10:44:46 31KTB600_139
Tires
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless
tire on this scooter. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this scooter.
The rims are designed for tubeless tires,
and during hard acceleration or braking,
a tube-type tire could slip on the rim
and cause the tire to rapidly deflate.
130 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:44:57 31KTB600_140
Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) side stand spring
Check the side stand spring ( 1 ) for
damage or loss of tension.
Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit astride the scooter.
2. Raise the side stand.
3. Pull the rear brake lever in.
4. Start the engine.
5. Lower the side stand all the way.
The engine should stop as you lower the
side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop,
see your Honda dealer for service.
Check that the side stand assembly is
working properly. If the side stand is
stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area
and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean
grease.
Servicing Your Honda
131
04/10/12 10:45:05 31KTB600_141
Battery
Your scooter has a maintenance-free type
battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery –– even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your scooter –– or do not
ride frequently, we recommend that you
charge the battery frequently (see Battery
Charging, page 135 ).
132 Servicing Your Honda
If you do not expect to ride your scooter
for at least two weeks, we recommend you
remove the battery –– or at least
disconnect the battery cables (negative
cable first).
If you plan to store your scooter, see
Battery Storage, page 133 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash hands after handling.
04/10/12 10:45:13 31KTB600_142
Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
If you plan to store your scooter, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow (trickle)
charging it every 30 days (see Battery
Charging, page 135 ).
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
Servicing Your Honda
133
04/10/12 10:45:23 31KTB600_143
Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
below the front seat.
1. Remove the front seat (page 84 ).
2. Remove the inner box cover ( 1 ) by
removing the clips ( 2 ).
UNDER FRONT SEAT
(2)
3. Release the rubber band ( 3 ) securing
the battery ( 4 ).
4. Disconnect the negative (−) terminal
lead ( 5 ) from the battery first, then
disconnect the positive (+) terminal
lead ( 6 ).
5. Pull the battery ( 4 ) out of the battery
box.
UNDER FRONT SEAT
(6)
(5)
(1)
(4)
(1) inner box cover
(3)
(2) clips
134 Servicing Your Honda
(3) rubber band
(4) battery
(5) negative (−) terminal lead
(6) positive (+) terminal lead
04/10/12 10:45:32 31KTB600_144
Battery
6. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
7. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
8. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
9. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
(1)
(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
Servicing Your Honda
135
04/10/12 10:45:37 31KTB600_145
Battery
We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger
( 1 ) for home charging. These units can be
left connected for long periods without
risking damage to the battery. However,
do not intentionally leave the charger
connected longer than the time period
recommended in the charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a scooter battery and cause
permanent damage.
136 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:45:47 31KTB600_146
Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your scooter. A clean
scooter is also easier to inspect and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
To clean your scooter, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your scooter.
If your scooter is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust
system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
scooter in bright sunlight may cause the
finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your scooter regularly to protect
surface finishes.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
137
04/10/12 10:45:54 31KTB600_147
Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your scooter. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and
brake fluid).
138 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:46:03 31KTB600_148
Appearance Care
Washing Your Scooter with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
1. Rinse your scooter thoroughly with cool
water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing scooters or
automobiles.
3. Wash your scooter with a sponge or a
soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
4. After washing, rinse your scooter
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
5. Dry your scooter with a chamois or a
soft towel. Leaving water on the surface
to air dry can cause dulling and water
spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and
scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
139
04/10/12 10:46:11 31KTB600_149
Appearance Care
7. As a precaution, ride your scooter at a
slow speed and apply the brakes several
times. This will help dry the brakes and
restore normal braking performance.
TEST BRAKES
Spray Cleaning Your Scooter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
140 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:46:20 31KTB600_150
Appearance Care
Scooter Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
Servicing Your Honda
141
04/10/12 10:46:25 31KTB600_151
Appearance Care
Painted Aluminum Wheel
Maintenance
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
Aluminum may corrode from contact with
dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels
after riding through any of these
substances. Use a wet sponge and mild
detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool,
or cleaners containing abrasives or
chemical compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water
and dry with a clean cloth.
If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up
paint.
142 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:46:32 31KTB600_152
Appearance Care
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
After washing your scooter, consider
using a commercially-available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for scooters or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your scooter is chipped or
scratched, your Honda dealer has touch-up
paint to match your scooter’s color. Be
sure to use your scooter’s color code (page
176 ) when you buy touch-up paint.
Servicing Your Honda
143
04/10/12 10:46:34 31KTB600_153
144 Servicing Your Honda
04/10/12 10:46:39 31KTB600_154
Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible scooter
owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................. 146
Transporting Your Scooter................... 150
You & the Environment ....................... 151
Tips
145
04/10/12 10:46:49 31KTB600_155
Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your scooter and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your scooter
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage
Guide, available from your Honda dealer
(USA only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your scooter in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
146 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
This procedure requires a means for
draining and disposing of drained fuel
(page 151 ).
1. Change the engine oil and clean the oil
strainer screen (page 97 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution (page
99 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
04/10/12 10:46:56 31KTB600_156
Storing Your Honda
4. Drain the carburetor into an approved
gasoline container and dispose of it in
an approved manner (page 151 ).
If storage will last longer than one
month, carburetor draining is important,
to assure proper performance after
storage.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
5. To prevent rusting in the cylinder,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug cap from the
spark plug. Using tape or string,
secure the cap to any convenient
plastic body part so that it is
positioned away from the spark plug.
Remove the spark plug from the
engine and store it in a safe place. Do
not connect the spark plug to the
spark plug cap.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into the cylinder and
cover the spark plug hole with a piece
of cloth.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
(cont’d)
Tips
147
04/10/12 10:47:05 31KTB600_157
Storing Your Honda
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plug and spark
plug cap.
6. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page
135 ) once a month.
7. Wash and dry your scooter. Wax all
painted surfaces. Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.
8. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 124 ).
148 Tips
9. Store your scooter in an unheated area,
free of dampness, away from sunlight,
with a minimum of daily temperature
variation.
10. Place your scooter on blocks to lift both
tires off the floor.
11. Cover your scooter with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
04/10/12 10:47:13 31KTB600_158
Storing Your Honda
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
1. Uncover and clean your scooter.
2. If your scooter has been stored for more
than four months –– change the engine
oil (page 94 ).
3. If your scooter has been stored for more
than two months –– ask your Honda
dealer to drain and replace the fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 135 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 28 ),
then test-ride your scooter at low speeds.
Tips
149
04/10/12 10:47:18 31KTB600_159
Transporting Your Scooter
If your scooter needs to be transported, it
should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For
information about 24-hour emergency
assistance, see page 201 (USA only). Do
not tow your scooter, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the scooter, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
150 Tips
04/10/12 10:47:24 31KTB600_160
You & the Environment
Owning and riding a scooter can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally-responsible scooter
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your scooter. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
Tips
151
04/10/12 10:47:27 31KTB600_161
152 Tips
04/10/12 10:47:32 31KTB600_162
Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your scooter
while you’re riding. It tells you how to
evaluate each problem and what actions
you can take to try to resume riding. If the
problem cannot be safely solved, this
section also gives instructions on the
proper way to have your scooter
transported.
General Guidelines ............................... 154
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ........................................... 155
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 160
If Your Engine Overheats .................... 164
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 166
If You Crash ......................................... 170
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 171
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ........ 172
For information about transporting your
scooter, see page 150 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
153
04/10/12 10:47:43 31KTB600_163
Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road. However,
since problems can arise even with wellmaintained machines, you may consider
subscribing to an emergency roadside
service plan. (USA only: For information
about the Honda Rider’s Club of America,
see page 201 .)
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, the tool kit that came with your
scooter, and any other items (such as tire
repair supplies and additional tools) that
might help you solve a problem on your
own.
154 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your scooter is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
04/10/12 10:47:48 31KTB600_164
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your scooter won’t start, listen as you
press the start button. If you don’t hear the
starter motor turning, refer to the Starter
motor doesn’t operate symptom. If you
can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
155
04/10/12 10:48:03 31KTB600_165
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
ignition switch OFF
Turn the ignition switch ON.
engine stop switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
side stand down
Raise the side stand.
blown fuse
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating (page
166 ).
battery lead loose
Tighten the battery lead.
dead battery
Charge the battery (page 135 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
faulty starter motor
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
156 Taking Care of the Unexpected
04/10/12 10:48:14 31KTB600_166
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
out of fuel
Fill the fuel tank.
loose or unconnected spark
Install the spark plug cap securely. If the engine
plug cap
still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.
loose battery cables
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
weak battery
Charge the battery (page 135 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
157
04/10/12 10:48:25 31KTB600_167
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
WHAT TO DO
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Check engine idle adjustment (page 110 ). If the
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
Check the coolant temperature gauge. Refer to If
overheating
Y our Engine Overheats, page 164 .
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
158 Taking Care of the Unexpected
04/10/12 10:48:35 31KTB600_168
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly. (cont’d)
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
See your Honda dealer.
mixture)
detonates or pings under
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
load
gasoline (page 86 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
See your Honda dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
ignition switched OFF)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
159
04/10/12 10:48:42 31KTB600_169
If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
center stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage. If you find a
tire that has been punctured or damaged,
you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Scooter Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in
the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come
loose from the rim, there is probably not
much you can do except have your scooter
transported to a Honda dealer or other
160 Taking Care of the Unexpected
qualified service facility. (USA only: For
information about 24-hour emergency
roadside assistance, see page 201 .) Even
with a simple puncture, this may be the
safest and least troublesome solution. For
transporting instructions, see page 150 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and
is not completely flat, you may be able to
make an emergency repair that could
allow you to continue riding to where you
can get the tire replaced or permanently
repaired.
04/10/12 10:48:48 31KTB600_170
If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your scooter with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you
can crash and be seriously injured
or killed.
frequently and check the air pressure. If
the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe
to continue riding. As the tire gets low, it
will affect the handling of your scooter
(especially with a passenger and cargo)
and it may overheat and blow out.
Types of Temporary Repairs
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or replaced.
The following types of temporary repairs
generally require a source of air to inflate
the tire. Possible sources include CO2
cartridges or cans of compressed air
designed to inflate a tire.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30
mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably
without a passenger or cargo) until the tire
is replaced or permanently repaired. Stop
Taking Care of the Unexpected
161
04/10/12 10:48:54 31KTB600_171
If You Have a Flat Tire
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have
some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a
slow leak. If this is the case, you can try
inflating the tire to see if it will hold air
pressure. If you can see a nail or other
object embedded in the tire tread, do not
remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do
something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit,
you can pull out the nail and try
inserting an external plug in the
puncture. Follow the instructions that
came with the repair kit and be sure to
inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
162 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 127 .
04/10/12 10:49:00 31KTB600_172
If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 68 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
163
04/10/12 10:49:06 31KTB600_173
If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the temperature of the coolant
in the cooling system will rise to a level
about midway between cold and boiling.
Hot weather may cause the temperature to
rise higher than normal. So will temporary
stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re
stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the
temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations.
If the coolant temperature indicator (page
16 ) comes on for no apparent reason,
pull safely to the side of the road. If
possible, park in a shady area.
164 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
04/10/12 10:49:13 31KTB600_174
If Your Engine Overheats
Check the radiator fan.
If the fan is not working, turn the
engine off. Open the fuse box (page
168 ) and check the radiator fan fuse.
If the fuse is blown, replace it with the
proper (same rating) spare fuse. Start
the engine. If the temperature indicator
comes on and stays on, turn the engine
off.
If the radiator fan is working, visually
check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located under the fuel tank lid
(page 100 ). It isn’t necessary to touch
the radiator system.
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page100 ).
After adding coolant, turn the engine on
and check the temperature indicator.
If the indicator doesn’t turn off, do not
ride. The engine needs repair. Transport
your scooter to a Honda dealer (page
150 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the temperature indicator
frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the temperature
indicator. Be prepared to stop and add
more coolant or water. If the leak is bad,
transport your motorcycle to a Honda
dealer (page 150 ).
Taking Care of the Unexpected
165
04/10/12 10:49:23 31KTB600_175
If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
scooter have fuses to protect them from
damage caused by excess current flow
(short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your scooter
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Determine from the chart on the circuit
fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control
that component. Check those fuses first,
but check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
166 Taking Care of the Unexpected
The main fuse (and spare main fuse) is
located on the starter magnetic switch
under the inner box cover.
The circuit fuse box is located under the
inner box cover.
A spare circuit fuse is located in the
fuse box.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse
other fuses
30A
10A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
04/10/12 10:49:33 31KTB600_176
If a Fuse Blows
2. To access the main fuse ( 1 ), remove
the front seat (page 84 ) and inner box
cover (page 134).
UNDER FRONT SEAT
(2)
(1)
3. Disconnect the wire connector ( 2 ) of
the starter magnetic switch ( 3 ).
4. Pull the fuse out. If the main fuse is
blown ( 4 ), install the spare main fuse
( 5 ).
5. Reconnect the wire connector.
6. Install the inner box cover and front
seat.
(3)
(4)
(5)
(1) main fuse
(2) wire connector
(3) starter magnetic switch
(5) spare main fuse
(4) blown fuse
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
167
04/10/12 10:49:40 31KTB600_177
If a Fuse Blows
7. To access the circuit fuses, remove the
inner box cover (page 134).
8. Open the fuse box cover ( 6 ) to access
the fuse box ( 7 ).
9. To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull
the old fuse out of its retaining clips.
Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.
If the fuse is blown ( 4 ), replace it with
a spare fuse ( 8 ) of the same rating or
lower.
UNDER SEAT
(8)
(7)
(6) fuse box cover
(7) fuse box
(8) spare fuse
168 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(6)
04/10/12 10:49:49 31KTB600_178
If a Fuse Blows
(4)
(4) blown fuse
10. Close the fuse box cover.
11. Install the inner box cover and front
seat.
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
If you do not have a spare fuse and you
cannot ride the scooter without fixing the
problem, take a fuse of the same rating or
a lower rating from one of the other
circuits that you can do without
temporarily.
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
scooter. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your scooter checked by
your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
169
04/10/12 10:49:55 31KTB600_179
If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after
any accident. If you or anyone else has
been injured, take time to assess the
severity of the injuries and whether it is
safe to continue riding. Call for
emergency assistance if needed. Also
follow applicable laws and regulations if
another person or vehicle is involved in
the accident.
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your scooter thoroughly
checked at a qualified service facility as
soon as possible. Also, be sure to have
your Honda dealer check the frame and
suspension after any serious crash.
If you decide you are capable of riding
safely, carefully inspect your scooter for
damage and determine if it is safe to ride.
Check the tightness of critical nuts and
bolts securing such parts as the handlebar,
control levers, brakes, and wheels.
If your scooter cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Scooter, page 150 .
170 Taking Care of the Unexpected
04/10/12 10:50:02 31KTB600_180
If You Lose Your Key
You should receive a key number plate
( 1 ) with your keys. Store this plate in a
safe place.
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
your scooter to them or the nearest Honda
dealer. The dealer will probably have to
remove the ignition switch assembly to
find the key number so they can make a
key for you.
(1)
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer you purchased
your Honda from. They may have it listed
in their records. If they don’t, transport
(1) key number plate
Taking Care of the Unexpected
171
04/10/12 10:50:08 31KTB600_181
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your scooter’s electrical system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
172 Taking Care of the Unexpected
04/10/12 10:50:12 31KTB600_182
Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your scooter.
Vehicle Identification ........................... 174
Specifications ....................................... 177
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 183
High Altitude Carburetor
Adjustment............................................ 184
Emission Control Systems ................... 185
Catalytic Converter .............................. 190
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 191
Technical Information
173
04/10/12 10:50:18 31KTB600_183
Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The frame, VIN, and engine serial
numbers are required when you register
your scooter. They may also be required
when ordering replacement parts. You
may record these numbers in the Quick
Reference section at the rear of this
manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
appears on the Safety Certification Label
attached to the right front frame.
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(1) VIN
174 Technical Information
04/10/12 10:50:25 31KTB600_184
Vehicle Identification
The frame number ( 2 ) is stamped on the
right side of the frame body.
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
back of the crankcase near the rear wheel.
RIGHT SIDE
LEFT REAR
(2)
(2) frame number
(3)
(3) engine number
Technical Information
175
04/10/12 10:50:31 31KTB600_185
Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
UNDER INNER BOX COVER
(1)
The color label is located on the inner box
under the inner box cover. Remove the
inner box cover (page 134 ) to check the
label.
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
(1) color label
176 Technical Information
04/10/12 10:50:42 31KTB600_186
Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
82.1 in (2,085 mm)
31.3 in (795 mm)
42.9 in (1,090 mm)
57.3 in (1,455 mm)
5.3 in (135 mm)
Weight
dry weight
362 lbs (164 kg)
Technical Information
177
04/10/12 10:50:53 31KTB600_187
Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel
recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
3.17 US gal (12.0 ) including reserve
after disassembly: 1.4 US qt (1.3 )
after draining: 1.2 US qt (1.1 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA or MB,
Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without molybdenum additives) or
HP4M (with molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil or an
equivalent motorcycle oil
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene
glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors
specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines
1.5 US qt (1.4 )
178 Technical Information
04/10/12 10:51:09 31KTB600_188
Specifications
Capacities
passenger capacity
maximum weight
capacity
operator, one passenger
USA: 322 lbs (146 kg)
Canada: 331 lbs (150 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Engine Specifications
displacement
15.2 cu-in (249 cm )
bore & stroke
2.86 × 2.36 in (72.7 × 60.0 mm)
compression ratio
10.5 : 1
spark plug (standard) DPR7EA-9 (NGK) or
X22EPR-U9 (DENSO)
spark plug
DPR6EA-9 (NGK) or
X20EPR-U9 (DENSO)
(cold climate)
spark plug (high
DPR8EA-9 (NGK) or
X24EPR-U9 (DENSO)
speed riding)
intake: 0.005 in (0.12 mm)
valve clearance
exhaust: 0.005 in (0.12 mm)
(cold)
spark plug gap
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
idle speed
1,500 ± 100 rpm
Technical Information
179
04/10/12 10:51:26 31KTB600_189
Specifications
Power Transmission
V-Belt
primary reduction
6.876
final reduction
Chassis & Suspension
28°
caster
trail
3.6 in (92 mm)
tire size, front
110/90-12 64L
tire size, rear
130/70-12 56L
tire type
bias-ply, tubeless
tire pressure, front
25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
(cold)
tire pressure, rear
29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm ) −less than 200 lbs (90 kg)
of added weight
(cold)
33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm ) −more than 200 lbs (90 kg)
of added weight
Electrical
battery
generator
12V-11 Ah
0.40 kW/5,000 rpm
180 Technical Information
04/10/12 10:51:37 31KTB600_190
Specifications
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
instrument lights
turn signal
indicator
high beam
indicator
parking brake
indicator
12V-60/55W × 2
12V-32/3CP
12V-23/8W × 2 (front)
12V-23W × 2 (rear)
12V-1.7W
12V-3.4W × 2
12V-1.7W
12V-1.7W
Technical Information
181
04/10/12 10:51:45 31KTB600_191
Specifications
Fuses
main
other fuses
30A
10A
Torque Specifications
15 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
oil plug
182 Technical Information
04/10/12 10:51:50 31KTB600_192
Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your scooter’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 300 miles (500 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
Technical Information
183
04/10/12 10:51:55 31KTB600_193
High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment
Your engine’s air-fuel mixture becomes
overly rich when operated at high altitudes.
Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m), a rich
mixture can cause driveability problems,
reduce engine performance, and increase
fuel consumption. To compensate, you
can have the carburetor adjusted for high
altitude riding. See your Honda dealer.
However, the carburetor must be returned
to standard factory specifications before
riding again at lower altitudes (below
5,000 feet, 1,500 m). See your Honda
dealer.
Sustained riding at lower altitudes with the
lean high-altitude setting may cause rough
idling, stalling, or engine damage from
overheating.
184 Technical Information
04/10/12 10:52:02 31KTB600_194
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada require that your
scooter comply with applicable exhaust
emissions standards during its useful life,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided.
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label ( 1 ) is attached to the
right side of the frame tube under the front
seat (USA only).
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information labels ( 2 ) are attached to the
left side of the front frame (Canada only).
UNDER FRONT
SEAT
LEFT FRONT
(2)
(1)
(1) vehicle emission control information
label (USA only)
(2) vehicle emission control information
label (Canada only)
Technical Information
185
04/10/12 10:52:08 31KTB600_195
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that scooters built
after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided. (USA only)
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Scooter Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
186 Technical Information
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce carbon monoxide,
oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.
04/10/12 10:52:14 31KTB600_196
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system
includes a secondary air supply system,
and an oxidation catalytic converter.
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of the
components is recommended.
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission performance.
Oxidation Catalytic Converter
The oxidation catalytic converter is in the
exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC and CO in the
engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide (CO2)
and water vapor.
Evaporative Emission Control System
This scooter complies with the
requirements of the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) evaporative
emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the
fuel tank and carburetor is directed into
the charcoal canister and air cleaner where
it is adsorbed and stored while the engine
is stopped. When the engine is running
and the purge control diaphragm valve is
open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister
and air cleaner is drawn into the engine
through the carburetor.
Technical Information
187
04/10/12 10:52:20 31KTB600_197
Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
carburetor.
Problems That May Affect Scooter
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda scooter
dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
188 Technical Information
04/10/12 10:52:26 31KTB600_198
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
Technical Information
189
04/10/12 10:52:31 31KTB600_199
Catalytic Converter
This scooter is equipped with an oxidation
catalytic converter.
The catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converter acts on HC and
CO. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converter must operate at a
high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. It can set fire to
any combustible materials that come near
it. Park your scooter away from high
grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.
190 Technical Information
A defective catalytic converter contributes
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your scooter’s
catalytic converter.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converter ineffective.
Keep the engine tuned-up.
Have your scooter diagnosed and
repaired if it is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling or otherwise not running
properly.
04/10/12 10:52:39 31KTB600_200
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
Technical Information
191
04/10/12 10:52:46 31KTB600_201
Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
192 Technical Information
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
04/10/12 10:52:51 31KTB600_202
Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
service manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................. 194
Warranty Coverage .............................. 197
Warranty Service .................................. 198
Contacting Honda ................................. 199
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 200
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 201
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 202
Consumer Information
193
04/10/12 10:52:59 31KTB600_203
Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available, but not necessary, to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61KTB00
2005 PS250 Service Manual
$45.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31KTB600
2005 PS250 Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
194 Consumer Information
04/10/12 10:53:11 31KTB600_204
Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
Qty.
Item No.
Price
Total
Each*
Price
Sub Total
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
obligation.
Mich. Add 6 %
Calif. Add 8.25 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Handling Charge
delivery.
Grand Total
$5.00
Consumer Information
195
04/10/12 10:53:25 31KTB600_205
S
H
I
P
T
O
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
Customer Name
Attention
Street Address - No P. O. Box Number
Apartment Number
City
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
MasterCard
Zip Code
Check here if your billing address is different from the
shipping address shown above.
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
VISA
Discover
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a restocking fee may
be applied against the original order.
HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
196 Consumer Information
04/10/12 10:53:34 31KTB600_206
Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Scooter Limited Warranty
Exhaust Emission Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the scooter.
Consumer Information
197
04/10/12 10:53:39 31KTB600_207
Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your scooter, call the service department
of your Honda dealer. Make an
appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
scooter, you will be asked to authorize that
inspection. Your dealer will give you the
results of the inspection. If the problem is
covered under warranty, your dealer will
perform the warranty repairs for you.
198 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the service manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
04/10/12 10:53:47 31KTB600_208
Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2220, Torrance,
CA 90509-2220, mailstop: 100-4W-5B,
telephone: (310) 532-9811.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and frame/VIN
serial number
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Consumer Information
199
04/10/12 10:53:54 31KTB600_209
Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Genuine
Honda parts, Pro Honda products,
Hondaline accessories (USA only), and
Honda accessories and products (Canada
only). The same quality that went into
your Honda can be found in Genuine
Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find
comparable quality in the accessories and
200 Consumer Information
products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about American
Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the
Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
04/10/12 10:54:05 31KTB600_210
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
One of the best ways to get the most
enjoyment from owning and riding your
Honda is through the Honda Rider’s Club
of America. Your purchase of a new
motorcycle, scooter, ATV or PWC from a
participating U.S. Honda dealer entitles
you to a complimentary one-year
membership in the Club. There are
hundreds of HRCA Chapter sponsoring
dealers across the USA with events and
activities almost every weekend.
Membership benefits include:
24 hour, toll-free roadside assistance for
your new Honda (includes roadside
assistance for your transport vehicle as
long as your Honda is aboard or in tow).
Vehicle transport to the nearest Honda
dealer or service center, if necessary.
An exclusive HRCA website complete
with access to the official Honda
Common Service Manual, contests,
insider information and more.
Reimbursement (up to $75) for
Motorcycle Safety Foundation training.
Separate free training from the
Specialty Vehicle Institute of America
for ATV owners.
One full year of the Honda Red Rider
magazine or Honda Red Rider ATV (for
ATV purchasers).
Discounts from HRCA partners for
experienced rider courses.
Discounted vehicle insurance from the
HRCA’s insurance partner.
Racing contingency programs and
assistance at selected dual-sport, offroad, and motocross events.
Contact your Honda dealer for more
information or call: 1 800-847-HRCA or
log on to www.hrca.honda.com.
Consumer Information
201
04/10/12 10:54:11 31KTB600_211
Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or could
cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
in addition to notifying American Honda
Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it
may open an investigation, and if it finds
that a safety defect exists in a group of
vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or American
Honda Motor Co., Inc.
202 Consumer Information
To contact NHTSA, you may either call
the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of
Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from the
Hotline.
04/10/12 10:54:13 31KTB600_212
Consumer Information
203
04/10/12 10:54:18 31KTB600_213
Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of
each section of your owner’s manual.
SCOOTER SAFETY.............................. 1
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Accessories & Modifications ................... 5
Safety Labels ............................................ 7
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ........ 9
Component Locations ............................ 10
Gauges & Indicators ............................... 13
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 17
Start Button ......................................... 18
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 18
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 19
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 19
Horn Button ........................................ 20
Tripmeter Reset Knob ........................ 20
Parking Brake Lock............................ 20
204 Table of Contents
BEFORE RIDING................................ 23
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 24
Protective Apparel .............................. 24
Rider Training .................................... 26
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride? .......... 28
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 28
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 31
Loading ............................................... 31
Load Limits ........................................ 32
Loading Guidelines ............................ 33
Cargo Compartments.............................. 34
Front Carrier ....................................... 34
Rear Deck ........................................... 35
Utility Box .......................................... 36
Comfort & Convenience ........................ 37
Seat Operation .................................... 37
Rear Seat Operation ........................... 39
04/10/12 10:54:25 31KTB600_214
Table of Contents
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING ...... 41
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 42
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 43
Preparation .......................................... 43
Starting Procedure .............................. 44
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 47
Riding...................................................... 48
Braking ................................................... 55
Parking .................................................... 57
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .......... 61
SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............ 63
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 66
Maintenance Safety ................................ 67
Important Safety Precautions ............. 68
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 70
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 72
Maintenance Record............................... 77
Service Preparations
Component Locations ............................ 79
Tool Kit ................................................... 82
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 83
Front Seat Removal ................................ 84
Clip Removal .......................................... 85
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
205
04/10/12 10:54:35 31KTB600_215
Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 86
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen................. 89
Coolant .................................................... 99
Belt Case Air Cleaner........................... 103
Air Cleaner ........................................... 105
Crankcase Breather .............................. 107
Engine
Throttle ................................................. 108
Engine Idle Speed................................. 110
Spark Plug............................................. 112
206 Table of Contents
Chassis
Brakes ................................................... 115
Tires ...................................................... 124
Side Stand ............................................. 131
Electrical
Battery................................................... 132
Appearance Care .................................. 137
TIPS...................................................... 145
Storing Your Honda ............................. 146
Transporting Your Scooter................... 150
You & the Environment ....................... 151
04/10/12 10:54:39 31KTB600_216
Table of Contents
TAKING CARE OF THE
UNEXPECTED .................................. 153
General Guidelines ............................... 154
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ........................................... 155
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 160
If Your Engine Overheats .................... 164
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 166
If You Crash ......................................... 170
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 171
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ........ 172
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ...... 173
Vehicle Identification ........................... 174
Specifications ....................................... 177
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 183
High Altitude Carburetor
Adjustment............................................ 184
Emission Control Systems ................... 185
Catalytic Converter .............................. 190
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 191
CONSUMER INFORMATION ....... 193
Authorized Manuals ............................. 194
Warranty Coverage .............................. 197
Warranty Service .................................. 198
Contacting Honda ................................. 199
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 200
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 201
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 202
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................. 204
INDEX ................................................. 208
QUICK REFERENCE
Table of Contents
207
04/10/12 10:54:45 31KTB600_217
Index
A
accessories ................................................ 5
air cleaner ............................................. 105
air pressure,tires .................................... 124
altitude, high ......................................... 184
American Honda, contacting................ 199
apparel, protective .................................. 24
appearance care .................................... 137
B
battery ................................................... 132
belt case air cleaner .............................. 103
brakes,
fluid................................................... 116
pad wear............................................ 119
parking brake lever freeplay ............ 123
208 Index
shoe wear .......................................... 122
braking .................................................... 55
break-in guidelines ............................... 183
C
capacity, fuel .......................................... 87
carburetor, altitude adjustment ............. 184
care, appearance ................................... 137
catalytic converter ................................ 190
cleaning, appearance care .................... 137
color label ............................................. 176
compartment,
front carrier ......................................... 34
rear deck ............................................. 35
utility box ............................................ 36
04/10/12 10:54:52 31KTB600_218
Index
component locations,
gauges, indicators & controls ............. 10
maintenance ........................................ 79
consumer information .......................... 193
coolant..................................................... 99
customer service ................................... 199
overheats ........................................... 164
pinging ................................................ 86
starting ................................................ 43
stop switch .......................................... 18
stopping............................................... 47
won’t start ......................................... 155
environment .......................................... 151
D
F
defects, safety ....................................... 202
flat tire................................................... 160
frame number ....................................... 175
E
emission control systems ...................... 185
engine,
idle speed .......................................... 110
number .............................................. 175
oil ........................................................ 89
(cont’d)
Index
209
04/10/12 10:54:58 31KTB600_219
Index
fuel,
oxygenated........................................ 191
recommendation ................................. 86
tank capacity ....................................... 87
fuses ...................................................... 166
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 199
Rider’s Club...................................... 201
dealer................................................. 200
Honda service manual .......................... 194
horn button .............................................. 20
G
I
gap, spark plug...................................... 113
gasohol .................................................. 191
gasoline ................................................... 86
H
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 19
helmet holder .......................................... 59
high altitude carburetor adjustment ..... 184
high beam indicator ................................ 13
210 Index
identification, vehicle ........................... 174
idle speed, engine ................................. 110
ignition cutoff system, side stand .......... 43
ignition switch ........................................ 17
indicators................................................. 13
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 28
04/10/12 10:55:05 31KTB600_220
Index
K
key, lost ................................................. 171
kit, tool .................................................... 82
L
labels, safety ............................................. 7
limit, weight ............................................ 32
load limits ............................................... 32
loading guidelines................................... 33
location, components,
gauges, indicators & controls ............. 10
maintenance ........................................ 79
lock, steering ........................................... 58
M
maintenance,
importance .......................................... 66
periodic ............................................... 70
record .................................................. 77
safety................................................... 67
schedule .............................................. 72
manual, service ..................................... 194
maximum weight limit ........................... 32
modifications ............................................ 6
N
numbers, serial ...................................... 174
Index
211
04/10/12 10:55:11 31KTB600_221
Index
O
odometer ................................................. 13
oil, engine ............................................... 89
operating controls ................................... 17
overheat, engine.................................... 164
owner’s manual storage .......................... 83
oxygenated fuels................................... 191
P
parking .................................................... 57
parking brake lock .................................. 20
pinging, engine ....................................... 86
plug, spark............................................. 112
pre-ride inspection .................................. 28
problems, unexpected ........................... 153
protective apparel ................................... 24
212 Index
R
removal,
front seat ............................................. 84
clip ...................................................... 85
reporting safety defects ........................ 202
rider training ....................................... 3, 26
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 201
riding,
basic operation .................................... 41
clothing ............................................... 24
precautions .......................................... 42
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 42
with passenger or cargo ...................... 61
04/10/12 10:55:16 31KTB600_222
Index
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 68
labels ..................................................... 7
reporting defects ............................... 202
riding precautions ............................... 42
schedule, maintenance............................ 72
serial numbers ....................................... 174
service,
customer............................................ 199
manuals ............................................. 194
warranty ............................................ 198
side stand .............................................. 131
side stand ignition cutoff system ........... 43
spark knock ............................................. 86
spark plug.............................................. 112
specifications ........................................ 177
speedometer ............................................ 13
stand, side ............................................. 131
start button .............................................. 18
starting,
engine .................................................. 43
troubleshooting ................................. 155
steering lock ............................................ 58
stop switch, engine ................................. 18
stopping engine ....................................... 47
storage,
owner’s manual .................................. 83
scooter ............................................... 146
switch,
headlight dimmer................................ 19
ignition ................................................ 17
turn signal ........................................... 19
Index
213
04/10/12 10:55:21 31KTB600_223
Index
T
theft prevention tips................................ 60
tires,
air pressure........................................ 124
flat ..................................................... 160
replacing ........................................... 128
tool kit ..................................................... 82
training, rider ...................................... 3, 26
transporting your scooter...................... 150
tripmeter .................................................. 13
tripmeter reset knob ................................ 20
trouble, unexpected .............................. 153
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 155
turn signal indicator ................................ 13
214 Index
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN) ........... 174
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 197
extended ............................................ 197
service ............................................... 198
washing your scooter ............................ 137
weight limit ............................................. 32
04/10/12 10:55:24 31KTB600_224
Memo
215
04/10/12 10:55:26 31KTB600_225
216 Memo
04/10/12 10:55:34 31KTB600_226
Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How To Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil: insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
04/10/12 10:55:38 31KTB600_227
Quick Reference
VIN/Frame No.
Engine No.
Frame No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
04/10/12 10:55:49 31KTB600_228
Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 30 ): tires &
wheels, leaks, loose parts, throttle, brakes, indicators, lights.
Check the following items monthly (page 74 ): tires & wheels, fluids,
lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
Engine Oil
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA or MB,
Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without molybdenum additives) or HP4M (with
molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil or equivalent
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
322 lbs (146 kg)
331 lbs (150 kg) Canada
3.17 US gal (12.0 )
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Quick Reference
04/10/12 10:56:03 31KTB600_229
Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Front: 110/90-12 64L
IRC-SS550 DUAL
Rear: 130/70-12 56L
IRC-SS550 DUAL
Type: bias-ply, tubeless
Front: 25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
Rear: 29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
with less than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight
33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
with more than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight
standard: DPR7EA-9 (NGK)
or X22EPR-U9 (DENSO)
cold climate: DPR6EA-9 (NGK) or X20EPR-U9 (DENSO)
high speed riding: DPR8EA-9 (NGK) or
X24EPR-U9 (DENSO)
Coolant
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
Fuses
main: 30A
other: 10A
Quick Reference
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement