No part of this publication may be reproduced without written

No part of this publication may be reproduced without written

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This manual should be considered a permanent part of the scooter and should remain with the scooter when it is resold.

This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda

Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation.

No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.

2004 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

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2005

Honda PS250

BIG RUCKUS

OWNER’S MANUAL

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Introduction

Congratulations on choosing your Honda scooter.

When you own a Honda, you’re part of a worldwide family of satisfied customers

− people who appreciate Honda’s reputation for building quality into every product.

Before riding, take time to get acquainted with your scooter and how it works. To protect your investment, we urge you to take responsibility for keeping your scooter well maintained. Scheduled service is a must, of course. But it’s just as important to observe the break-in guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and other periodic checks detailed in this manual.

Introduction

We also recommend that you read this owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full of facts, instructions, safety information, and helpful tips. To make it easy to use, the manual contains a detailed list of topics at the beginning of each section, and both an in-depth table of contents and an index at the back of the book.

As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a symbol. This information is intended to help you avoid damage to your

Honda, other property, or the environment.

04/10/12 10:26:08 31KTB600_004

Read the Warranties Booklet (page thoroughly so you understand the

197 coverages that protect your new Honda and are aware of your rights and responsibilities.

)

If you have any questions, or if you ever need special service or repairs, remember that your Honda dealer knows your scooter best and is dedicated to your complete satisfaction.

Please report any change of address or ownership to your Honda dealer so we will be able to contact you concerning important production information.

Introduction

You may also want to visit our website at www.honda.com.

Happy riding!

California Proposition 65 Warning

WARNING:

This product contains or emits chemicals known to the State of

California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

Introduction

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A Few Words About Safety

Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this scooter safely is an important responsibility.

To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.

Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with operating or maintaining a scooter. You must use your own good judgment.

You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:

Safety Labels

–– on the scooter.

Safety Messages

–– preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of three signal words:

DANGER, WARNING,

or

CAUTION

.

These signal words mean:

Safety Messages

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A Few Words About Safety

You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

Safety Headings

–– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.

Safety Section

–– such as Scooter Safety.

Instructions

–– how to use this scooter correctly and safely.

This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.

Safety Messages

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Contents

These pages give an overview of the contents of your owner’s manual. The first page of each section lists the topics covered in that section.

Scooter Safety ....................................

.

Important safety information you should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your scooter.

1

Instruments & Controls ....................

.

The location and function of indicators and controls on your scooter and operating instructions for various controls and features.

9

Before Riding .....................................

.

23

The importance of wearing a helmet and other protective gear, how to make sure you and your scooter are ready to ride, and important information about loading.

Basic Operation & Riding ................

.

How to start and stop the engine, shift

41

gears, and brake. Also, riding precautions and important information about riding with a passenger or cargo.

Contents

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Servicing Your Honda ......................

.

Why your scooter needs regular

63

maintenance, what you need to know before servicing your Honda, an owner maintenance schedule, and instructions for specific maintenance and adjustment items.

Tips ......................................................

.

145

How to store and transport your scooter and how to be an environmentallyresponsible rider.

Taking Care of the Unexpected .......

.

153

What to do if you have a flat tire, your engine won’t start, etc.

Contents

Technical Information ......................

.

ID numbers, technical specifications, and other technical facts.

173

Consumer Information .....................

.

193

Information on warranties, emission controls, how to get Honda service manuals, and...

‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ........

.

202

Table of Contents ..............................

.

204

Sequential listing of topics in this owner’s manual.

Index ....................................................

.

208

Quick Reference

Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire sizes, and air pressures.

Contents

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This section presents some of the most important information and recommendations to help you ride your scooter safely. Please take a few moments to read these pages. This section also includes information about the location of safety labels on your scooter.

Scooter Safety

Important Safety Information .................

. 2

Accessories & Modifications ..................

. 5

Safety Labels ...........................................

. 7

Scooter Safety

1

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Important Safety Information

Your scooter can provide many years of service and pleasure − if you take responsibility for your own safety and understand the challenges you can meet while riding.

There is much that you can do to protect yourself when you ride. You’ll find many helpful recommendations throughout this manual. The following are a few that we consider most important.

Always Wear a Helmet

It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly reduce the number and severity of head injuries. So always wear an approved motorcycle helmet and make sure your passenger does the same. We also recommend that you wear eye protection, sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective gear (page 24 ).

2

Scooter Safety

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Take Time to Learn & Practice

Even if you have ridden other scooters, take time to become familiar with how this scooter works and handles. Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the scooter’s size and weight.

Because many accidents involve inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). See page 26 .

Ride Defensively

The most frequent scooter collision happens when a car turns left in front of a scooter. Another common situation is a car moving suddenly into your lane.

Important Safety Information

Always pay attention to other vehicles around you, and do not assume that other drivers see you. Be prepared to stop quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For other riding tips, see the booklet,

You and

Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and

Practice Guide,

which came with your new scooter (USA only).

Make Yourself Easy to See

Some drivers do not see scooters because they are not looking for them. To make yourself more visible, wear bright reflective clothing, position yourself so other drivers can see you, signal before turning or changing lanes, and use your horn when it will help others notice you.

Scooter Safety

3

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Important Safety Information

Ride within Your Limits

Pushing limits is another major cause of scooter accidents. Never ride beyond your personal abilities or faster than conditions warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can significantly reduce your ability to make good judgments and ride safely.

Don’t Drink and Ride

Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one drink can reduce your ability to respond to changing conditions, and your reaction time gets worse with every additional drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your friends drink and ride either.

Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition

It’s important to keep your scooter properly maintained and in safe riding condition. To help avoid problems, inspect your scooter before every ride and perform all recommended maintenance.

Never exceed load limits (page 32 ), and do not modify your scooter (page 6 ) or install accessories that would make your scooter unsafe (page 5 ).

4

Scooter Safety

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Modifying your scooter or using non-

Honda accessories can make your scooter unsafe. Before you consider making any modifications or adding an accessory, be sure to read the following information.

Improper accessories or modifications can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding accessories and modifications.

Accessories & Modifications

Accessories

We strongly recommend that you use only genuine Honda accessories that have been specifically designed and tested for your scooter. Because Honda cannot test all other accessories, you must be personally responsible for proper selection, installation, and use of non-Honda accessories.

Check with your Honda dealer for assistance and always follow these guidelines:

Make sure the accessory does not obscure any lights, reduce ground clearance and lean angle, limit suspension travel or steering travel, alter your riding position, or interfere with operating any controls.

(cont’d)

Scooter Safety

5

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Accessories & Modifications

Do not add any electrical equipment that will exceed the scooter’s electrical system capacity (page

180

). A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine power (page

166

).

Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your scooter. This scooter was not designed for these attachments, and their use can seriously impair your scooter’s handling.

Modifications

We strongly advise you not to remove any original equipment or modify your scooter in any way that would change its design or operation. Such changes could seriously impair your scooter’s handling, stability, and braking, making it unsafe to ride.

Removing or modifying your lights, exhaust system, emission control system, or other equipment can also make your scooter illegal.

6

Scooter Safety

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Safety Labels

Safety labels on your scooter either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t remove them.

If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.

Scooter Safety

7

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Safety Labels

〈 For USA 〉

〈 For Canada 〉

8

Scooter Safety

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This section shows the location of all gauges, indicators, and controls you would normally use before or while riding your scooter.

The items listed on this page are described in this section. Instructions for other components are presented in other sections of this manual where they will be most useful.

Instruments & Controls

Component Locations ...........................

. 10

Gauges & Indicators ..............................

. 13

Controls & Features

Ignition Switch ..................................

. 17

Start Button ........................................

. 18

Engine Stop Switch ...........................

. 18

Headlight Dimmer Switch ................

. 19

Turn Signal Switch ............................

. 19

Horn Button .......................................

. 20

Tripmeter Reset Knob .......................

. 20

Parking Brake Lock ...........................

. 20

Instruments & Controls

9

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Component Locations

rear brake fluid reservoir rearview mirror speedometer fuel gauge indicators front brake fluid reservoir rearview mirror front brake lever engine stop switch rear brake lever headlight dimmer switch turn signal switch horn button

10

Instruments & Controls

ignition switch throttle grip start button

04/10/12 10:28:07 31KTB600_020 rear seat lever rear seat battery main fuse fuse box front seat utility box

Component Locations

parking brake lever tool kit owner’s manual oil filler cap/dipstick passenger footpeg fuel fill cap

Instruments & Controls

11

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Component Locations

seat lock knob seat slide lever helmet holder front carrier rear deck

12

coolant reserve tank

Instruments & Controls

side stand air cleaner center stand passenger footpeg

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The gauges and indicators on your scooter keep you informed, alert you to possible problems, and make your riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to the gauges and indicators frequently. Their functions are described on the following pages.

(1) (2) (3) (4)

(5)

Gauges & Indicators

(1) speedometer

(2) odometer

(3) tripmeter

(4) fuel gauge

(5) parking brake indicator

(6) coolant temperature indicator

(7) right turn signal indicator

(8) high beam indicator

(9) left turn signal indicator

USA: Odometer & tripmeter read in miles.

Canada: Odometer & tripmeter read in kilometers.

(6)

(9) (8) (7)

Instruments & Controls

13

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Gauges & Indicators

Lamp Check

When applicable, the high beam and parking brake indicators come on when you turn the ignition switch ON and remain on until you select the low beam, release the parking brake lever and begin riding.

If one of these indicators does not come on when it should, have your Honda dealer check for burned-out bulbs or other problems.

14

Instruments & Controls

04/10/12 10:28:37 31KTB600_024

1

2

3 speedometer odometer tripmeter

4 fuel gauge

5 parking brake indicator

(red)

Gauges & Indicators

Shows riding speed in miles per hour.

Shows the total miles ridden.

Shows the number of miles ridden since you last reset the meter. To zero (0) the tripmeter, turn the tripmeter reset knob.

Shows the approximate fuel supply available. At F

(Full), the fuel tank capacity including reserve is:

3.17 US gal (12.0 )

When the gauge needle first points to E (Empty), refill the tank as soon as possible. At E there is:

0.53 US gal (2.0 )

Lights as a reminder that you have not released the parking brake lever.

Instruments & Controls

15

04/10/12 10:28:47 31KTB600_025

Gauges & Indicators

6 coolant temperature indicator (red)

Lights when the coolant is over the specified temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to the side of the road. See pages 164

165 for instructions and cautions.

Flashes when the right turn signal operates.

7

8

9 right turn signal indicator

(amber) high beam indicator

(blue) left turn signal indicator

(amber)

Lights when the headlight is on high beam.

Flashes when the left turn signal operates.

16

Instruments & Controls

04/10/12 10:28:59 31KTB600_026

FRONT

Controls & Features

OFF

ON

Ignition Switch

and stopping the engine (page 43 ) and to lock the steering for theft prevention (page

58 ). Insert the key and turn it to the right for the ON position. Push down on the key and turn it to the left to the LOCK

(steering lock) position.

Key Position

ON

OFF

LOCK

(steering lock)

Function

Electrical circuits on.

No electrical circuits function.

No electrical circuits function. Locks the steering head.

LOCK

(1)

(1) ignition switch

To unlock the steering lock, insert and push down on the key and turn it to the right to the OFF position.

Instruments & Controls

17

04/10/12 10:29:08 31KTB600_027

Controls & Features

Start Button

engine. Pushing the button in starts the engine. See

Starting Procedure,

page 44 .

When the start button is pushed, the starter motor will crank the engine; the headlight will automatically go out, but the taillight will stay on.

The starter motor will not operate if the engine stop switch is in the OFF position when the start button is pushed.

The electric starter will only work when the rear brake lever is pulled in and the side stand is up.

18

Instruments & Controls

Engine Stop Switch

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(2)

(1) start button

(2) engine stop switch

(1)

OFF

RUN the engine in an emergency. To operate, push the switch to the OFF position. The switch must be in the RUN position to start the engine, and it should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

04/10/12 10:29:16 31KTB600_028

If your scooter is stopped with the ignition switch ON and the engine stop switch

OFF, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Headlight Dimmer Switch

to change between the high and low beams of the headlight. To operate, turn the switch to HI for high beam, LO for low beam.

Controls & Features

Turn Signal Switch

a turn or a lane change. To operate, move the switch all the way in the proper direction and release it. The appropriate turn signal lights will start blinking. To cancel the light, push the switch in.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) headlight dimmer switch

(2) turn signal switch

(3) horn button

HI

LO

Instruments & Controls

19

04/10/12 10:29:25 31KTB600_029

Controls & Features

Horn Button

The horn is used to alert other motorists.

Tripmeter Reset Knob

reset the tripmeter to zero (0) by turning the knob in the direction shown.

Parking Brake Lock

Be sure the parking brake is applied while starting and warming up the engine.

The parking brake lock will not function if the parking brake is not adjusted properly

(page 123 ).

To Apply the Brake Lock lock the rear wheel.

(See illustration on page 21 ).

The parking brake lock will not be applied if the parking brake is not adjusted properly (page 123 ).

(4)

(4) tripmeter reset knob

20

Instruments & Controls

04/10/12 10:29:32 31KTB600_030

To Release the Brake Lock lightly pulling down on the rear of the lever.

Before riding, check that the parking brake indicator is turned OFF and make sure that the rear brake is fully released so there is no drag on the rear wheel.

Controls & Features

(1)

< To apply >

(1)

< To release >

(1) parking brake lever

Instruments & Controls

21

04/10/12 10:29:35 31KTB600_031

22

Instruments & Controls

04/10/12 10:29:39 31KTB600_032

Before each ride, you need to make sure you and your Honda are both ready to ride.

To help get you prepared, this section discusses how to evaluate your riding readiness, what items you should check on your scooter, and adjustments to make for your comfort, convenience, or safety. This section also includes important information about loading.

Before Riding

Are You Ready to Ride

.....................

. 24

Protective Apparel .............................

. 24

Rider Training ...................................

. 26

Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride ?

Pre-ride Inspection

.........

............................

. 28

. 28

Load Limits & Guidelines .....................

. 31

Loading ..............................................

. 31

Load Limits .......................................

. 32

Loading Guidelines ...........................

. 33

Cargo Compartments .............................

. 34

Front Carrier ......................................

. 34

Rear Deck ..........................................

. 35

Utility Box .........................................

. 36

Comfort & Convenience .......................

. 37

Seat Operation ...................................

. 37

Rear Seat Operation ..........................

. 39

Before Riding

23

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Are You Ready to Ride?

Before you ride your scooter for the first time, we urge you to:

Read this owner’s manual.

Make sure you understand all the safety messages.

Know how to operate all the controls.

Before each ride, be sure:

You feel well and are in good physical and mental condition.

You are wearing an approved motorcycle helmet (with chin strap tightened securely), eye protection, and other protective clothing.

You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in your system.

Make sure your passenger is ready to ride, too, and is wearing proper gear including a helmet.

24

Before Riding

If you must carry an extra helmet while riding, use a commercially-available elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the helmet to the seat.

Protective Apparel

For your safety, we strongly recommend that you always wear an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt or jacket whenever you ride.

Although complete protection is not possible, wearing proper gear can reduce the chance of injury when you ride.

Following are suggestions to help you choose the proper gear.

04/10/12 10:29:59 31KTB600_034

Are You Ready to Ride?

Helmets and Eye Protection

Your helmet is your most important piece of riding gear because it offers the best protection against head injuries. A helmet should fit your head comfortably and securely. A bright-colored helmet and reflective strips can make you more noticeable in traffic.

An open-face helmet offers some protection, but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless of the style, look for a

DOT (Department of Transportation) sticker in any helmet you buy (USA only).

Always wear a face shield or goggles to protect your eyes and help your vision.

Not wearing a helmet increases the chance of serious injury or death in a crash.

Be sure you and your passenger always wear a helmet, eye protection, and other protective apparel when you ride.

Additional Riding Gear

In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we also recommend:

Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help protect your feet and ankles.

Leather gloves to help protect your hands.

(cont’d)

Before Riding

25

04/10/12 10:30:06 31KTB600_035

Are You Ready to Ride?

A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for comfort as well as protection.

Bright-colored and reflective clothing can help make you more noticeable in traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could get caught on any part of your scooter.

Rider Training

Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden other scooters, take time to become familiar with how this scooter works and handles. Practice riding the scooter in a safe area to build your skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get accustomed to the scooter’s controls, and feel comfortable with its size and weight.

26

Before Riding

We urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). New riders should start with the basic course, and even experienced riders will find the advanced course beneficial. For information about the MSF training course nearest you, call the national toll-free number: (800) 446-

9227.

Other riding tips can be found in the

Riding Tips

booklet that came with your scooter (USA only).

04/10/12 10:30:11 31KTB600_036

ALWAYS wear a helmet.

You should also wear a face shield or goggles.

Are You Ready to Ride?

Clothes should be close-fitting.

Wear gloves.

Wear bright or reflective clothing.

Boots should be close-fitting, have low heels and offer ankle protection.

Before Riding

27

04/10/12 10:30:19 31KTB600_037

Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?

Before each ride, it’s important to inspect your scooter and make sure any problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a must, not only for safety, but because having a breakdown, or even a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.

Improperly maintaining this scooter or failing to correct a problem before riding can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always perform a pre-ride inspection before every ride and correct any problems.

Pre-ride Inspection

Check the following items before you get on the scooter:

Tires &

Wheels

Look at the tires. If a tire appears low, use an air pressure gauge to check its pressure. Also look for signs of excessive wear

(page 126 ) or damage to the tires and wheels.

28

Before Riding

04/10/12 10:30:28 31KTB600_038

Leaks,

Loose

Parts

Lights

Walk around your scooter and look for anything that appears unusual, such as a leak or loose cable.

Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are working properly.

Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?

If you are carrying a passenger or cargo, also check the following:

Load Limits

Make sure you do not exceed the load limits

(page 32 ).

Cargo

Check that all cargo is secure.

Before Riding

29

04/10/12 10:30:38 31KTB600_039

Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?

Check these items after you get on the scooter:

Throttle

Rotate the throttle to check it moves smoothly without binding.

Brakes

Indicators

Pull the front and rear brake levers to check that they operate normally.

Turn the ignition on and check for normal operation of the gauges and indicators (page 13 ).

If you haven’t ridden the scooter in over a week, you should also check other items, such as the oil level and other fluids. See

Periodic Maintenance

(page 70 ).

Periodic maintenance should also be done at least once a month, no matter how often you ride.

Remember, be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your Honda dealer correct it before you ride.

30

Before Riding

04/10/12 10:30:44 31KTB600_040

Your scooter has been designed to carry you and one passenger. When you carry a passenger, you may feel some difference during acceleration and braking. But so long as you keep your scooter wellmaintained, with good tires and brakes, you can safely carry loads within the given limits and guidelines.

However, exceeding the weight limit or carrying an unbalanced load can seriously impair your scooter’s handling, braking, and stability. Non-Honda accessories, improper modifications, and poor maintenance can also reduce your safety margin.

Load Limits & Guidelines

Loading

How much weight you put on your scooter, and how you load it, are important to your safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger or cargo, you should be aware of the following information.

Overloading or improper loading can cause a crash and you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all load limits and other loading guidelines in this manual.

Before Riding

31

04/10/12 10:30:56 31KTB600_041

Load Limits & Guidelines

Load Limits

Following are the load limits for your scooter:

maximum weight capacity:

322 lbs (146 kg)

331 lbs (150 kg) (Canada only) includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.

maximum cargo weight:

54.6 lbs (24.5 kg) includes following maximum compartment weights: front carrier: rear deck: utility box:

6.6 lbs (3.0 kg)

45 lbs (20 kg)

3 lbs (1.5 kg)

32

Before Riding

The weight of added accessories will reduce the maximum cargo weight you can carry.

rear deck: weight limit

45 lbs (20 kg) front carrier: weight limit − 6.6 lbs (3.0 kg) utility box: weight limit

− 3 lbs (1.5 kg)

04/10/12 10:31:06 31KTB600_042

Loading Guidelines

Your scooter is primarily intended for transporting you and a passenger. You may wish to secure a jacket or other small items to the seat when you are not riding with a passenger.

If you wish to carry more cargo, check with your Honda dealer for advice, and be sure to read the information regarding accessories on page 5 .

Improperly loading your scooter can affect its stability and handling. Even if your scooter is properly loaded, you should ride at reduced speeds and never exceed 70 mph (112 km/h) when carrying cargo.

Load Limits & Guidelines

Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a passenger or cargo:

Check that both tires are properly inflated, and that pressure in the rear tire is increased to suit the load (page

124 ).

To prevent loose items from creating a hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied down securely before you ride.

Place cargo weight as low and close to the center of your scooter as possible.

Balance cargo weight evenly on both sides.

Before Riding

33

04/10/12 10:31:14 31KTB600_043

Cargo Compartments

Front Carrier

up to 6.6 lbs (3.0 kg).

However, regardless of front carrier capacity, be sure you do not exceed the maximum load and cargo weight limits.

Also make sure that any cargo loaded on the front carrier does not block the turn signals or headlight.

(1)

(2)

(1) front carrier

(2) hooks

34

Before Riding

04/10/12 10:31:22 31KTB600_044

Cargo Compartments

(1)

Rear Deck

The rear deck is located below the rear seat.

to

45 lbs (20 kg).

However, regardless of rear deck capacity, be sure you do not exceed the maximum load and cargo weight limits.

To use the rear deck, pull up the rear seat

(page 39 ).

(1) rear deck

(2) hooks

(2)

Before Riding

35

04/10/12 10:31:32 31KTB600_045

Cargo Compartments

Utility Box

lightweight items. Do not carry more than the maximum weight limit.

maximum weight limit:

6.6 lbs (3.0 kg)

The owner’s manual (and other documents) should be stored in the document bag provided in the utility box.

Be careful not to flood this area when washing your scooter.

To Open the Utility Box

Insert the ignition key (2) and turn it clockwise.

36

Before Riding

To Close the Utility Box

Insert the ignition key and close the utility box cover.

Turn the ignition key counterclockwise to lock the utility box.

Remove the ignition key.

Make sure the cover is closed securely.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) utility box

(2) ignition key

(2)

04/10/12 10:31:42 31KTB600_046

Comfort & Convenience

Seat Operation

The seating position can be adjusted to your preference. There are 10 positions available.

Seat Slide Adjustment

1.

Park your scooter on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

3.

unlock the seat.

the seat to adjust its position.

To avoid possible damage to the seat rail, do not adjust the seat position with a passenger sitting on the rear seat.

(1) (2) (3)

(1) ignition key

(2) seat lock

(3) seat slide lever

Before Riding

(cont’d)

37

04/10/12 10:31:47 31KTB600_047

Comfort & Convenience

4.

Release the seat slide lever and make sure the seat is locked securely.

5.

Turn the ignition key counterclockwise to lock the seat and then remove the ignition key.

38

Before Riding

04/10/12 10:32:02 31KTB600_048

Rear Seat Operation

Raising the Rear Seat

1.

Park your scooter on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

(3)

(2)

(4)

(1) ignition key

(2) rear seat lock

(3) rear seat

(4) rear seat lever

(1)

Comfort & Convenience

3.

the rear seat until it stops.

4.

5.

Release the rear seat lever and make sure the rear seat is locked securely.

Turn the ignition key counterclockwise to lock the rear seat and then remove the ignition key.

Lowering the Rear Seat

1.

Park your scooter on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

Insert the ignition key into the rear seat lock and turn it clockwise to unlock the rear seat.

3.

Pull the rear seat lever up and lower the seat, taking care to keep your hands clear.

Before Riding

(cont’d)

39

04/10/12 10:32:06 31KTB600_049

Comfort & Convenience

Lowering the rear seat roughly can cause damage to the rear seat and rear deck.

4.

Release the rear seat lever and turn the ignition key counterclockwise to lock the rear seat and then remove the ignition key. The ignition key will not turn if the rear seat is not completely down.

40

Before Riding

04/10/12 10:32:13 31KTB600_050

This section gives basic riding instructions, including how to start and stop your engine, and how to use the throttle and brakes. It also provides important information on riding with a passenger or cargo.

To protect your new engine and enjoy optimum performance and service life, refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 183 ).

For information about carburetor adjustment for riding at high altitude, see page 184 .

To protect the catalytic converter in your scooter’s exhaust system, avoid extended idling and the use of leaded gasoline.

Basic Operation & Riding

Safe Riding Precautions ........................

. 42

Starting & Stopping the Engine ............

. 43

Preparation .........................................

. 43

Starting Procedure .............................

. 44

How to Stop the Engine ....................

. 47

Riding .....................................................

. 48

Braking ..................................................

. 55

Parking ...................................................

. 57

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .........

. 61

Basic Operation & Riding

41

04/10/12 10:32:18 31KTB600_051

Safe Riding Precautions

Before riding your scooter for the first time, please review the

Scooter Saf ety

section beginning on page 1, and the

Bef ore Riding

section beginning on page

23

.

Even if you have ridden other scooters, take time to become familiar with how this scooter works and handles. Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the scooter’s size and weight.

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when riding, idling, or parking your scooter.

42

Basic Operation & Riding

04/10/12 10:32:27 31KTB600_052

Always follow the proper starting procedure described below.

For your safety, avoid starting or operating the engine in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your scooter’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.

Your scooter is equipped with a side stand ignition cut-off system. If the side stand is down––the engine cannot be started.

This scooter has an automatic fuel valve and choke; there is no manual operation.

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Do not use the electric starter for more than 5 seconds at a time. Release the start button for approximately 10 seconds before pressing it again.

Operate the starter button for slightly longer than usual without opening the throttle if the scooter has been left standing for a long time or when the fuel tank has just been refilled.

Preparation

Before starting, insert the key, turn the ignition switch ON, and confirm the following:

The engine stop switch is set to RUN.

Basic Operation & Riding

43

04/10/12 10:32:38 31KTB600_053

Starting & Stopping the Engine

4.

Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the

Starting Procedure

1.

2.

Place the scooter on its center stand.

Make sure the engine stop switch is at

RUN.

3.

BELOW HANDLEBAR

O N

(1)

Contact with the spinning rear wheel can cause you to be hurt.

Set the parking brake when the scooter is on its center stand.

The electric starter will only work when the rear brake lever is pulled in and the side stand is up.

(1) ignition switch

44

Basic Operation & Riding

04/10/12 10:32:46 31KTB600_054

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(2)

Starting & Stopping the Engine

5.

With the throttle closed, push the start soon as the engine starts.

(2) rear brake lever

(3) parking brake lever

(3)

P U S H

(4)

(4) start button

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

45

04/10/12 10:32:55 31KTB600_055

Starting & Stopping the Engine

6.

and the rear brake locked while starting

7.

and warming up the engine.

Allow the engine to warm up before riding (see

Riding,

page

48

).

Do not ‘‘blip’’ (rapidly open and close) the throttle. This action may cause the scooter to move forward suddenly.

If You Cannot Restart a Warm Engine

1.

Place the scooter on its center stand,

2.

squeeze the rear brake lever, and set the parking brake lock (page 20 ).

5

− 1/4 turn while starting the engine.

1 / 4

1 / 8

C L O S E D

(5)

(5)

(5) throttle

46

Basic Operation & Riding

(5) throttle

04/10/12 10:33:02 31KTB600_056

How to Stop the Engine

Normal Engine Stop

To stop the engine, turn the ignition switch

OFF.

The engine stop switch should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

If your scooter is stopped with the engine stop switch OFF and the ignition switch ON, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Starting & Stopping the Engine

Emergency Engine Stop

To stop the engine in an emergency, use the engine stop switch. To operate, press the switch to the OFF position.

Basic Operation & Riding

47

04/10/12 10:33:09 31KTB600_057

Riding

1.

To prevent unexpected movement, make sure the throttle is closed and the parking brake is locked (page 20 ) before moving the scooter off its center stand.

2.

Stand on the left side of the scooter and push it forward and off the center stand.

(1)

(1) parking brake lever

48

Basic Operation & Riding

04/10/12 10:33:16 31KTB600_058

3.

Mount the scooter from the left side, keeping at least one foot on the ground to steady the scooter.

Riding

4.

To unlock the rear wheel, release the

(1)

(1) parking brake lever

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

49

04/10/12 10:33:24 31KTB600_059

Riding

5.

Before starting off, indicate your direction with the turn signals, and check for safe traffic conditions. Grasp the handlebars firmly with both hands.

6.

gradually. The scooter will move forward.

Do not blip (rapidly open and close) the throttle as the scooter will move forward suddenly.

7.

To decelerate, close the throttle.

CLOSED

OPEN

(2) throttle

(2)

50

Basic Operation & Riding

04/10/12 10:33:32 31KTB600_060

8.

To slow the scooter, reduce the throttle brakes together.

Using only one brake reduces stopping performance.

CLOSED

Riding

(2) throttle

(4)

(2)

(3)

(3) front brake lever

(4) rear brake lever

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

51

04/10/12 10:33:40 31KTB600_061

Riding

9.

When approaching a corner or turn, slow the scooter by closing the throttle

( ) and rear (

4

) brakes at the same time.

CLOSED

(2)

10.

After completing a turn, open the throttle gradually to accelerate the scooter.

(2) throttle

52

(4)

(3) front brake

Basic Operation & Riding

(4) rear brake

(3)

04/10/12 10:33:47 31KTB600_062

11.

When descending a steep grade, close front ( ) and rear ( 4 ) brakes to slow the scooter.

Avoid continued use of the brakes, which may cause the brakes to overheat and reduce braking efficiency.

(4)

C L O S E D

(2)

(3)

Riding

(2) throttle (3) front brake (4) rear brake

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

53

04/10/12 10:33:52 31KTB600_063

Riding

12.

When riding in wet or rainy conditions or loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver and stop is reduced. For your safety:

Exercise extreme caution when braking, accelerating, or turning.

Ride at slower speeds and allow for extra stopping distance.

Keep the scooter as upright as possible.

Use extreme caution when riding over slippery surface such as railroad tracks, iron plates, manhole covers, painted lines, etc.

54

Basic Operation & Riding

04/10/12 10:33:59 31KTB600_064

Your scooter is equipped with a Combined

Braking System. Operating the front brake lever applies the front brake. Operating the rear brake lever applies the rear brake and a portion of the front brake. For full braking effectiveness, use the front and rear brake levers simultaneously.

As a general rule, the front braking system provides about 70 percent of total stopping power.

For full braking effectiveness, use both the brake levers simultaneously. Using both braking systems will stop your scooter faster with greater stability.

Braking

To slow or stop, apply the front and rear brake levers smoothly.

Gradually increase braking as you feel the brakes slowing your speed.

For support, before coming to a complete stop, put your left foot down first, then your right foot down.

Applying the brakes too hard may cause the wheels to lock and slide, reducing control of your scooter. If this happens, release the brake controls, steer straight ahead until you regain control, then reapply the brakes more gently.

Basic Operation & Riding

55

04/10/12 10:34:06 31KTB600_065

Braking

When possible, reduce your speed or complete braking before entering a turn.

Avoid braking or closing the throttle quickly while turning. Either action may cause one or both wheels to slip and reduce your control of your scooter.

Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake hard in an emergency situation are important riding skills. We suggest attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation experienced rider training course

(page 26 ) to retain these skills.

When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver and stop will be reduced. All of your actions should be smooth under these conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or turning may cause loss of control. For

56

Basic Operation & Riding

your safety, exercise extreme caution when braking, accelerating or turning.

When descending a long, steep grade, use both brakes intermittently.

Continuous brake application can overheat the brakes and reduce their effectiveness.

Riding with your hand on either brake lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a false indication to other drivers. It may also overheat the brakes, reducing effectiveness.

04/10/12 10:34:17 31KTB600_066

1.

Look for a level parking area. If you can’t park on a paved surface, make sure the ground surface is firm, especially under the center stand.

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when parking your scooter. Refer to

Converter

, page 190 .

Catalytic

If you must park on a hill, position the rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree

2.

angle.

Use the side or center stand to support the scooter while parked.

To lower the side stand, use your foot to guide it down.

Check that the side stand is down all the way so that the side stand ignition cut-off system (page

43

) is activated.

Parking

To lower the center stand, stand on the left side of the scooter. Hold the left handle grip and the left passenger handrail. Press down on the tip of the stand with your right foot and, simultaneously, pull up and back.

If you have to park on a soft surface, insert something solid under the stand for support.

USE CENTER STAND

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

57

04/10/12 10:34:24 31KTB600_067

Parking

3.

Use the steering lock, which locks the handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar all the way to the left or right. Push in

LOCK. Remove the key.

(To unlock the steering lock, insert and push down on the key and turn it to the right to the OFF position.)

LOCK STEERING

TO LOCK

(1)

(A)

(B)

(C)

(1)

(A)

TO UNLOCK

(1) ignition key (A) push in

(B) turn to lock

(C) turn to unlock

58

Basic Operation & Riding

04/10/12 10:34:32 31KTB600_068

Parking

4.

below the seat, to secure your helmet with your scooter.

Remove the front seat (page 84 ).

from the tool kit (page 82 ) and route

Hook the loops of the holder cable onto the helmet holder.

Install the front seat.

To remove a helmet, remove the front seat. Remove the hooks of the holder cable from the helmet holder. Remove the cable from the helmet D-rings and return the cable to the tool kit in the utility box.

UNDER FRONT SEAT

(2)

(3)

(4)

(2) helmet holder

(3) helmet holder cable

(4) D-rings

Basic Operation & Riding

59

04/10/12 10:34:40 31KTB600_069

Parking

Theft-Prevention Tips

Park your scooter in a locked garage whenever possible. If a garage isn’t available, park in a concealed area or in a well-lit area with enough pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.

Always take the ignition key with you.

Always use the steering lock (page 58 ), even if you’re parking for just a minute or two. A thief can easily push an unlocked scooter to a waiting truck.

In addition to the steering lock, use a good quality anti-theft device made specifically to lock a scooter to a secure object.

If you decide to use an anti-theft device, select one of good quality and be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

Keep your owner’s manual, current registration, and insurance information with your scooter. This will make it easier for the authorities to find you if your scooter is stolen and recovered.

60

Basic Operation & Riding

04/10/12 10:34:46 31KTB600_070

Your scooter is designed to carry you and one passenger. Whenever you add a passenger or cargo, you must be careful not to exceed the total load limits for this vehicle (

Load Limits,

page 32 ). Make sure your cargo is properly secured

(

Loading Guidelines,

page 33 ).

Be aware that carrying a passenger or heavy cargo can affect acceleration, braking, and handling.

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo

Before riding with a passenger, make sure your passenger is wearing the proper protective apparel (page 24 ).

Tell your passenger to hold the passenger handrails or your waist, lean with you in the turns, and keep their feet on the passenger footpegs at all times, even when the scooter is stopped at a traffic light.

Basic Operation & Riding

61

04/10/12 10:34:48 31KTB600_071

62

Basic Operation & Riding

04/10/12 10:34:56 31KTB600_072

To help keep your scooter in good shape, this section includes a Maintenance

Schedule for required service, a list of periodic checks you should perform at least once a month, and step-by-step instructions for specific maintenance tasks.

You’ll also find important safety precautions, information on fuels and oils, and tips for keeping your Honda looking great.

For information about the exhaust emission and noise emission requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA) and the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), see page 185 .

For information about replacing fuses, see page 166 .

Servicing Your Honda

USA only

Maintenance, replacement or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any motorcycle repair establishment or individual using parts that are

‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance ...........

. 66

Maintenance Safety ...............................

. 67

Important Safety Precautions ............

. 68

Periodic Maintenance ............................

. 70

Maintenance Schedule ..........................

. 72

Maintenance Record ..............................

. 77

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

63

04/10/12 10:35:08 31KTB600_073

Servicing Your Honda

Service Preparations

Component Locations ...........................

. 79

Tool Kit ..................................................

. 82

Owner’s Manual Storage .......................

. 83

Front Seat Removal ...............................

. 84

Clip Removal .........................................

. 85

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel ........................................................

. 86

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen ................

. 89

Coolant ...................................................

. 99

Belt Case Air Cleaner ..........................

. 103

Air Cleaner ..........................................

. 105

Crankcase Breather .............................

. 107

Engine

Throttle ................................................

. 108

Engine Idle Speed ................................

. 110

Spark Plug ............................................

. 112

Chassis

Brakes ..................................................

. 115

Tires .....................................................

. 124

Side Stand ............................................

. 131

Electrical

Battery ..................................................

. 132

Appearance Care .................................

. 137

64

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:35:22 31KTB600_074

Servicing Your Honda

The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing recommendations for your scooter. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your scooter’s performance.

Type of Inspection/Service

Pre-ride Inspection

Periodic Maintenance

Maintenance Schedule

Refer to page:

28

70

72

When Performed before every ride monthly

* interval on schedule you

Who Performs you your Honda dealer

**

* more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your scooter

** unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified

Servicing Your Honda

65

04/10/12 10:35:28 31KTB600_075

The Importance of Maintenance

Keeping your scooter well-maintained is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s also a good way to protect your investment, get maximum performance, avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A properly maintained scooter will also help to reduce air pollution.

Remember, proper maintenance is the owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect your scooter before each ride, perform the periodic checks, and follow the

Maintenance Schedule in this section.

Improperly maintaining this scooter or failing to correct a problem before you ride can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the inspection and maintenance recommendations and schedules in this owner’s manual.

If your scooter overturns or is involved in a crash, be sure your Honda dealer inspects all major parts, even if you are able to make some repairs.

66

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:35:34 31KTB600_076

This section includes instructions on how to perform some important maintenance tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills, you can perform many of these tasks with the tools provided with your scooter.

Other tasks that are more difficult and require special tools are best performed by professionals. Wheel removal should normally be handled only by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic.

Instructions are included in this manual only to assist in emergency service.

Maintenance Safety

Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task.

Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the procedures and precautions in this owner’s manual.

Servicing Your Honda

67

04/10/12 10:35:42 31KTB600_077

Maintenance Safety

Important Safety Precautions

Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or repairs. This will help eliminate several potential hazards:

Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust.

Be sure there is adequate ventilation whenever you operate the engine.

Burns from hot scooter parts.

Let the engine and exhaust system cool before touching.

Injury from moving parts.

Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.

Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the tools and skills required.

To help prevent the scooter from falling over, park it on a firm, level surface, using the side stand, center stand or a maintenance stand to provide support.

Be sure the rear brake lock is set before running the engine while the scooter is supported by the center stand. This will prevent the rear wheel from spinning and avoid the possibility of someone being injured from contacting the wheel.

To reduce the possibility of a fire or explosion, be careful when working around gasoline. Use only non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related parts.

68

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:35:47 31KTB600_078

Remember that your Honda dealer knows your scooter best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new genuine Honda parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. If you have the tools and skills required for additional maintenance jobs, you can purchase an official Honda Service Manual (page

194 ).

Maintenance Safety

Servicing Your Honda

69

04/10/12 10:35:52 31KTB600_079

Periodic Maintenance

In addition to the regularly scheduled maintenance (page 72 ) and daily pre-ride inspection (page 28 ), consider performing the periodic checks on the following page at least once a month, even if you haven’t ridden your scooter, or as often as once a week if you ride frequently or for long distances. It’s a good idea to perform this maintenance any time you clean your scooter.

Check the odometer reading and perform any scheduled maintenance checks that are needed (page

72

). Remember, more frequent checks may be needed for riding in severe conditions.

70

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:36:05 31KTB600_080

Periodic Maintenance

Tires &

Wheels

Fluids

Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page

Examine the tread for wear (page 126 ).

124

Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of damage (page 126 ). Roll your scooter so you can inspect the entire surface.

).

Check the condition of the wheels.

Check the levels of the engine oil (page 93 ), coolant (page 100 ), and brake fluid (page 116 ). Add the correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid level.

Lights Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are working properly.

Freeplay

Fuses

Check the freeplay of the parking brake lever (page grip.

Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.

Nuts & Bolts Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.

123 ), and throttle

Servicing Your Honda

71

04/10/12 10:36:10 31KTB600_081

Maintenance Schedule

The required Maintenance Schedule that follows specifies how often you should have your scooter serviced, and what things need attention. It is essential to have your scooter serviced as scheduled to maintain safe, dependable performance and proper emission control.

The service intervals in this Maintenance

Schedule are based on average riding conditions. Some items will need more frequent service if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.

Consult your Honda dealer for recommendations applicable to your individual needs and use.

Some items in the Maintenance Schedule can be performed with basic mechanical skills and hand tools. Procedures for these items are provided in this manual. Other items involve more extensive procedures and may require special training, tools, and equipment. We recommend that you have your Honda dealer perform these tasks unless you have advanced mechanical skills and the required tools and equipment. Procedures for such items in this schedule are provided in an official

Honda Service Manual available for purchase (page 194 ).

72

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:36:18 31KTB600_082

If you do not feel capable of performing a given task or need assistance, remember that your Honda dealer knows your scooter best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. If you decide to do your own maintenance, use only genuine

Honda parts or their equivalents for repair or replacement to ensure the best quality and reliability.

Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 28 ) and owner maintenance (page 72 ) at each scheduled maintenance period.

Maintenance Schedule

Each item on the maintenance schedule requires some mechanical knowledge.

Certain items (particularly those marked

* and

**

) may require more technical information and tools. Consult your

Honda dealer.

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 194 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your

Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

73

04/10/12 10:36:28 31KTB600_083

Maintenance Schedule

Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes

& Procedures:

NOTES:

1.

At higher odometer readings, repeat at

2.

the frequency interval established here.

Service more frequently if the scooter is

3.

ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.

Service more frequently if the scooter is

4.

ridden often at full throttle or in the rain.

California type only.

5.

Inspect every 8,000 mi (12,800 km) after replacement.

6.

Replace every 2 years, or at indicated odometer interval, whichever comes first. Replacement requires mechanical skill. Refer to the official Honda service manual.

7.

Replace every 2 years.

Replacement requires mechanical skill.

74

Servicing Your Honda

Maintenance Procedures:

I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate, or replace, if necessary

C: clean

A: adjust

L: lubricate

R: replace

04/10/12 10:36:41 31KTB600_084

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

FUEL LINE

THROTTLE OPERATION

AIR CLEANER

CRANK CASE BREATHER

SPARK PLUG

VALVE CLEARANCE

ENGINE OIL

ENGINE OIL STRAINER

SCREEN

ENGINE IDLE SPEED

RADIATOR COOLANT

COOLING SYSTEM

SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY

SYSTEM

EVAPORATIVE EMISSION

CONTROL SYSTEM

2

3

6

4

0.6

1.0

I

R

I

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

8

12.8

12

19.2

16

25.6

20

32.0

I

I

I

I

C

I

R

C

R

I

R

C

R

C

I

R

C

R

I

R

C

C

I

R

R

C

R

I

R

24

38.4

I

I

C

Refer to page

108

105

107

112

89

97

I I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I I

R

I

I

I

110

99

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 194 ).

Servicing Your Honda

75

04/10/12 10:36:54 31KTB600_085

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

**

**

**

FREQUENCY

NOTE

5

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

DRIVE BELT

BELT CASE AIR CLEANER

FINAL DRIVE OIL

BRAKE FLUID

BRAKE SHOES/PAD WEAR

BRAKE SYSTEM

BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH

BRAKE LOCK OPERATION

HEADLIGHT AIM

CLUTCH SHOE WEAR

SIDE STAND

SUSPENSION

NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS

WHEELS/TIRES

STEERING HEAD BEARINGS

7

6

0.6

1.0

I

I

I

I

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

8

12.8

12

19.2

16

25.6

20

32.0

C

I

C

R

C C

I

C

24

38.4

R

C

I

I

I

I I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

R

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

R

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

20

131

Refer to page

103

119

115

**

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 194 ).

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.

76

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:37:02 31KTB600_086

Maintenance Record

Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your scooter is properly maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the scooter is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the scooter to the new owner. Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.

Odometer Date Performed By: Notes Miles (km)

600 (1,000)

4,000 (6,400)

8,000 (12,800)

12,000 (19,200)

16,000 (25,600)

20,000 (32,000)

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Maintenance Record

Odometer Miles (km)

24,000 (38,400)

28,000 (44,800)

32,000 (51,200)

36,000 (57,600)

40,000 (64,000)

44,000 (70,400)

48,000 (76,800)

52,000 (83,200)

56,000 (89,600)

60,000 (96,000)

64,000 (102,400)

68,000 (108,800)

Date Performed By: Notes

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Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:37:15 31KTB600_088 rear brake fluid reservoir rear brake lever

Component Locations

front brake fluid reservoir front brake lever throttle ignition switch

Servicing Your Honda

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Component Locations

tool kit owner’s manual battery main fuse fuse box utility box parking brake lever

80

oil filler cap/dipstick oil plug

Servicing Your Honda

fuel fill cap

04/10/12 10:37:24 31KTB600_090 engine idle speed/ spark plug

Component Locations

belt case air cleaner air cleaner rear brake adjusting nut front brake caliper side stand coolant reserve tank center stand

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:37:34 31KTB600_091

Tool Kit

compartment in the utility box. Some roadside repairs, minor adjustments, and parts replacement can be performed with the tools contained in the kit.

INSIDE UTILITY BOX

(1)

10

×

12 mm open end wrench

14 × 17 mm open end wrench

8 mm open end wrench no. 2 Phillips screwdriver screwdriver handle helmet holder cable spark plug wrench tool bag

(1) tool kit

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04/10/12 10:37:40 31KTB600_092

Your scooter provides storage for the you for easy reference. Store your owner’s manual (and other documents) in the plastic storage bag in the owner’s manual storage compartment in the utility box.

Be careful not to flood this area when washing your scooter.

Owner’s Manual Storage

INSIDE UTILITY BOX

(1)

(1) owner’s manual

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:37:52 31KTB600_093

Front Seat Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

The front seat must be removed to remove the battery cover, to service the fuse and battery.

(1) (2)

(4)

(7)

(5)

(3)

(6)

(1) ignition key

(2) front seat lock

(3) seat lock knob

(4) front seat

(8)

(5) prongs

(6) guide hooks

(7) seat hook

(8) seat catch

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Servicing Your Honda

Removal

1.

2.

unlock the seat.

forward.

Installation

1.

2.

front of the front seat.

3.

Turn the ignition key counterclockwise to lock the seat, then remove the key.

Make sure the seat is locked securely in position after installation.

04/10/12 10:38:01 31KTB600_094

Clip removal and installation:

Removal

Press down on the center pin to release the lock.

Pull out the clip from the hole.

Clip Removal

Installation

Slightly open the retaining pawls and then push them out.

Insert the clip into the hole.

Lightly press down on the center pin to lock the clip.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:38:11 31KTB600_095

Fuel

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Fuel Recommendation

type pump octane number unleaded

86 (or higher)

We recommend that you use unleaded fuel because it produces fewer engine deposits and extends the life of exhaust system components.

The use of leaded gas will damage the catalytic converter.

Your engine is designed to use any gasoline that has a pump octane number of

86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stations normally display the pump octane number. For information on the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 191 .

Use of lower octane gasoline can cause persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine damage. Light pinging experienced while operating under a heavy load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause for concern.

If pinging or spark knock occurs at a steady engine speed under normal load, change brands of gasoline. If pinging or spark knock persists, consult your Honda dealer.

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Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.

Fuel Capacity

Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:

3.17 US gal (12.0 )

Fuel

Refueling Procedure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

BELOW HANDLEBAR

(2)

(3)

(1)

(1) fuel tank lid

(2) ignition key

1.

2

(3) fuel fill cap

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

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04/10/12 10:38:29 31KTB600_097

Fuel

3.

Remove the fuel fill cap by turning it counterclockwise.

4.

Add fuel until the level reaches the overfilling the tank. There should be no fuel in the filler neck.

(4)

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

5.

After refueling, install the fuel fill cap

6.

by turning it clockwise.

Turn the ignition key counterclockwise

7 and remove it.

Close the fuel tank lid.

(4) filler neck

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Engine oil quality is a major factor that affects both the performance and the service life of the engine.

Using the proper oil (page 90 ) and filter, and regularly checking, adding, and changing oil will help extend your engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.

Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and deposits in the engine. Operating the engine with old or dirty oil can damage your engine. Running the engine with insufficient oil can cause serious damage to the engine and transmission.

Change the engine oil as specified in the maintenance schedule on page 75 .

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

When running in very dusty conditions, oil changes should be performed more frequently than specified in the maintenance schedule.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:38:43 31KTB600_099

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

Oil Recommendation

API classification

SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label

SAE 10W-40 viscosity

(weight)

JASO T 903 standard

MA or MB suggested oil

Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without molybdenum additives), or HP4M

(with molybdenum additives) 4stroke oil, or an equivalent motorcycle oil.

Suggested oils are equal in performance to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label.

90

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Your scooter does not need oil additives.

Use the recommended oil.

Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying a circular API ‘‘energy conserving’’ service label on the container. They may affect lubrication and clutch performance.

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

Other viscosities shown in the following chart may be used when the average temperature in your riding area is within the indicated range.

NOT RECOMMENDED

OK

Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or castor based racing oils.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:38:59 31KTB600_101

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

JASO T 903 standard

The JASO T 903 standard is an index to choose engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.

There are two classes: MA and MB.

Oil conforming to the standard has the following classification on the oil container.

(1)

(2)

(1) code number of the sales company of the oil

(2) oil classification

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04/10/12 10:39:11 31KTB600_102

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

1.

Park your scooter on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3

5

3.

minutes.

Stop the engine and wait 2 − 3 minutes.

4.

and wipe it clean.

5.

Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it seats, but don’t screw it in.

(2)

(3)

(1) oil filler cap/dipstick

(2) upper level mark

(3) lower level mark

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

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04/10/12 10:39:20 31KTB600_103

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

6.

Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and check the oil level.

If the oil is at or near the upper level oil.

If the oil is below or near the lower recommended oil until it reaches the upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)

7.

8.

Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.

Check for oil leaks.

Changing Engine Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

This procedure requires mechanical skill and professional tools such as a torque wrench, as well as a means for disposing of the drained fluid (page 151 ). If you do not have the skills or the tools, see your

Honda dealer.

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Drain the Engine Oil:

1.

Park the scooter on its center stand on a

2.

firm, level surface.

If the engine is cold, start it and let it idle for 3 − 5 minutes. Turn the engine off. Wait 2 − 3 minutes for the oil to settle.

3.

4.

To drain the oil, remove the oil filler

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(3)

(4)

(1) oil plug

(2) oil filler cap/ dipstick

(1)

(3) spring

(4) oil strainer screen

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

95

04/10/12 10:39:41 31KTB600_105

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

5.

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page

151

).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

6.

Install the oil strainer screen, spring and oil plug. Tighten the oil plug to specified torque:

15 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)

7.

Fill the crankcase with the recommended oil (page 90 approximately:

1.2 US qt (1.1 )

),

8.

Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.

9.

Lock the rear wheel (page 20 ).

10.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3

5 minutes.

11.

Stop the engine. Wait 2 − 3 minutes.

Check that the oil level is at the upper level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick.

12.

Make sure there are no oil leaks.

If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

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Engine Oil Strainer Screen

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

1.

Park the scooter on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

If the engine is cold, start it and let it idle for 3 − 5 minutes. Turn the engine off. Wait 2

3 minutes for the oil to settle.

3.

4.

To drain the oil, remove the oil filler

3

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(3)

(4)

(1)

(1) oil plug

(2) oil filler cap/ dipstick

(3) spring

(4) oil strainer screen

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

97

04/10/12 10:40:03 31KTB600_107

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen

5.

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page

151

).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

6.

Clean the oil strainer screen.

7.

Check the oil strainer screen, sealing rubber, and oil plug O-ring are in good

8.

condition.

Install the oil strainer screen, spring and oil plug. Tighten the oil plug to specified torque:

15 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)

9.

Fill the crankcase with the recommended oil (page 90 approximately:

1.2 US qt (1.1 )

),

98

Servicing Your Honda

10.

Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.

11.

Lock the rear wheel (page 20 ).

12.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3

5 minutes.

13.

Stop the engine. Wait 2 − 3 minutes.

Check that the oil level is at the upper level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick.

14.

Make sure there are no oil leaks.

If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

04/10/12 10:40:12 31KTB600_108

Your scooter’s liquid cooling system dissipates engine heat through the coolant jacket that surrounds the cylinder and cylinder head.

Maintaining the coolant will allow the cooling system to work properly and prevent freezing, overheating, and corrosion.

Coolant Recommendation

Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines. Check the antifreeze container label.

Coolant

Use only distilled water as a part of the coolant solution. Water that is high in mineral content or salt may be harmful to the aluminum engine.

Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may cause premature wear of water pump seals or blockage of radiator passages.

Using tap water may cause engine damage.

The factory provides a 50/50 solution of antifreeze and water in this scooter. This coolant solution is recommended for most operating temperatures and provides good corrosion protection.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:40:20 31KTB600_109

Coolant

Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze to less than 40% will not provide proper corrosion protection.

Increasing the concentration of antifreeze is not recommended because it decreases cooling system performance. Higher concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%) should only be used to provide additional protection against freezing. Check the cooling system frequently during freezing weather.

Checking & Adding Coolant

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

BELOW HANDLEBAR

(1) fuel tank lid

(1)

1.

100

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:40:29 31KTB600_110

2.

With the engine at normal operating temperature, check the coolant level in

UNDER FUEL TANK LID

(5) (2)

Coolant

If the reserve tank is empty, or if coolant loss is excessive, check for leaks and see your Honda dealer for repair.

3.

Always add coolant to the reserve tank.

Do not attempt to add coolant by

4.

removing the radiator cap.

Add coolant to the reserve tank as required to bring the coolant level to the

UPPER level mark.

5.

6.

Install the reserve tank cap.

Close the fuel tank lid.

(3) (4)

(2) reserve tank

(3) UPPER level mark

(4) LOWER level mark

(5) reserve tank cap

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:40:37 31KTB600_111

Coolant

Coolant Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Coolant should be replaced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 194 ).

Removing the radiator cap while the engine is hot can cause the coolant to spray out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and radiator cool down before removing the radiator cap.

To properly dispose of drained coolant, refer to

You & the Environment,

page

151 .

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

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Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

1.

LEFT SIDE

(3)

(2)

Belt Case Air Cleaner

2.

3.

LEFT SIDE

(5)

(4)

(1)

(1) bolts

(2) screws

(3) belt case air cleaner assembly

(6)

(4) element cover

(5) tab

(6) element

4.

Gently wash the element in clean, nonflammable (high flash point) solvent such as kerosene − not gasoline. After cleaning, gently squeeze out the remaining solvent.

Avoid twisting or wringing the element.

This can tear the foam.

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:40:53 31KTB600_113

Belt Case Air Cleaner

5.

Inspect the element for cracks or tears in the foam or seams. Replace the

6.

element if it is damaged.

Allow the element to dry thoroughly before installation.

Do not apply oil to the element. The drive belt may be damaged.

7.

Install the element.

8.

Install the element cover.

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Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Service the air cleaner more frequently if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.

Your Honda dealer can help you determine the correct service interval for your riding conditions.

Your scooter’s air cleaner has very specific performance requirements. Use a new genuine Honda air cleaner specified for your model or an air cleaner of equivalent quality.

Using the wrong air cleaner may result in premature engine damage.

Air Cleaner

Proper air cleaner maintenance can prevent premature engine wear or damage, expensive repairs, low engine power, poor gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.

Improper or lack of proper air cleaner maintenance can cause poor perf ormance and premature engine wear.

Servicing Your Honda

105

04/10/12 10:41:13 31KTB600_115

Air Cleaner

Replacement

1.

Remove the belt case air cleaner assembly (page 103 ).

2.

LEFT SIDE

(3)

(1)

(2)

(1) screws A

(2) screws B

(2)

(3) air cleaner housing cover

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Servicing Your Honda

LEFT SIDE

(5)

(4) screws C

(5) air cleaner

(4)

2.

3.

4.

Discard the air cleaner.

Install a new air cleaner.

5.

Install the removed parts in reverse order of removal.

04/10/12 10:41:20 31KTB600_116

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Service the crankcase breather more frequently if your scooter is ridden in the rain or often at full throttle. Service the breather if you can see deposits in the transparent section of the drain tube.

Draining

LEFT SIDE

Crankcase Breather

(1)

(1) crankcase breather tube plug

1.

Place a drain pan under the crankcase

2.

Remove the plug to drain the deposits in the tube.

3.

Reinstall the crankcase breather tube plug.

Servicing Your Honda

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Throttle

Throttle Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(1)

Inspection

Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.

Freeplay:

1/8 − 1/4 in (3 − 6 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Adjustment

1.

2.

3.

4.

Tighten the lock nut. Return the dust

5.

cover to its normal position.

After adjustment, check for smooth rotation of the throttle grip from fully closed to fully open in all steering positions.

(2)

(3)

(1) rubber dust cover

(2) lock nut

(3) adjuster

108

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04/10/12 10:41:39 31KTB600_118

Throttle Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

1.

Check that the throttle assembly is positioned properly and the securing

2.

bolts are tight.

Check for smooth rotation of the throttle from fully open to fully closed in all steering positions. If there is a problem, see your Honda dealer.

Throttle

Servicing Your Honda

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Engine Idle Speed

The best way to assure proper carburetion is to see your Honda dealer for regularly scheduled servicing, including carburetor adjustment.

Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a

‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting the idle will not compensate for a fault elsewhere.

The engine must be at normal operating temperature for accurate idle speed adjustment.

For information about high altitude carburetor adjustment, see page 184 .

Idle Speed Adjustment

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

LEFT SIDE

(2)

(1)

(1) clip (2) maintenance lid

1.

If the engine is cold, start it and warm it up with ten minutes of stop-and-go riding. Stop the engine.

2.

Place your scooter on its center stand on a firm, level surface.

3.

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4.

Lock the rear wheel by pulling the parking brake lever and squeezing the

5.

rear brake lever (page 20 ). Start the engine.

Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop

Idle speed:

1,500 ± 100 rpm

LEFT SIDE

Engine Idle Speed

(3)

( + )

( − )

(3) throttle stop screw ( + ) increase

( − ) decrease

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:42:10 31KTB600_121

Spark Plug

Spark Plug Recommendation

standard spark plug for cold climate

(below 5°C,

41°F) for extended high speed riding

DPR7EA-9 (NGK) or

X22EPR-U9 (DENSO)

DPR6EA-9 (NGK) or

X20EPR-U9 (DENSO)

DPR8EA-9 (NGK) or

X24EPR-U9 (DENSO)

Use only the recommended type of spark plugs in the recommended heat range.

Using spark plugs with an improper heat range can cause engine damage.

112

Servicing Your Honda

Spark Plug Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

1.

2.

Remove the maintenance lid (page 110 ).

Take care to avoid damaging the spark plug wire when disconnecting the cap.

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) spark plug cap

04/10/12 10:42:20 31KTB600_122

3.

Clean any dirt from around the spark plug base.

4.

Using the spark plug wrench provided in the tool kit, remove the spark plug.

5.

Discard the spark plug.

6.

wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is carefully.

The gap should be:

0.031

− 0.035 in (0.80

− 0.90 mm)

(3)

Spark Plug

(2)

(2) spark plug gap (3) side electrode

7.

With the plug washer attached, thread the spark plug in by hand to prevent cross-threading.

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:42:29 31KTB600_123

Spark Plug

8.

Tighten the spark plug:

If the old plug is good:

1/8 turn after it seats.

If installing a new plug, tighten it twice to prevent loosening: a) First, tighten the plug:

NGK: 3/4 turn after it seats.

DENSO: 1/2 turn after it seats.

b) Then loosen the plug.

c) Next, tighten the plug again:

1/8 turn after it seats.

Improperly tightened spark plugs can damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight, the threads may be damaged.

9.

Reinstall the spark plug cap. Take care to avoid pinching any cables or wires.

10.

Reinstall the maintenance lid.

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The hydraulic disc (front) and hydraulic drum (rear) braking systems on your scooter dissipate the heat generated by the friction of the brake pads on the brake disc

(front) and the brake shoes on the drum

(rear) as the wheels are slowed.

As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid level will drop. A leak in the system will also cause the level to drop.

Frequently inspect the system to ensure there are no fluid leaks.

Periodically inspect the brake fluid level and the brake pads and shoes for wear.

Brakes

If the brake lever freeplay does not feel within the normal range while riding, check the brake pads and shoes for wear

(page 119 , 122 ). Worn pads and shoes should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, there is probably air in the brake system.

See your Honda dealer to have the air bled from the system.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:42:47 31KTB600_125

Brakes

Brake Fluid Recommendation

brake fluid

Hond DOT 3 or DOT 4

Brake Fluid

The recommended brake fluid is Honda

DOT 3 or DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of equal quality and performance. Use fresh brake fluid from a sealed container. Be sure to read the label before opening the sealed container. An opened container may be contaminated or may have absorbed moisture from the air.

Fluid Level Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

If your inspection indicates a low fluid level, have your Honda dealer add the recommended brake fluid.

Do not add or replace brake fluid, except in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have your Honda dealer check the system as soon as possible.

Brake f luid can damage plastic and painted surf aces. Handle with care.

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Brakes

Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid contact with skin or eyes. In case of contact, wash thoroughly and call a doctor immediately if it contacts your eyes.

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(1) LOWER level mark

(1)

(1) LOWER level mark

1.

Place your scooter in an upright position on a firm, level surface.

2.

Check the fluid level.

It should be above the LOWER level

If the level is at or below the LOWER level mark, check the brake pads for wear (page 119 ).

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:43:01 31KTB600_127

Brakes

Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, have your brake system inspected for leaks.

Other Inspections

Make sure there are no fluid leaks.

Check for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.

118

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04/10/12 10:43:08 31KTB600_128

FRONT

Brake Pad Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Brake pad wear depends upon the severity of usage, the type of riding, and road conditions. Generally, the pads will wear faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the pads at each regular maintenance interval

(page 76 ).

Front Brake pad. If either pad is worn to the wear indicator mark, replace both pads as a set.

See your Honda dealer for this service.

(1)

(1) wear indicator mark

Brakes

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:43:17 31KTB600_129

Brakes

Rear Brake Lever Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

Inspection

1.

Place your scooter on its center stand.

2.

Check freeplay by slowly depressing starts to engage.

Freeplay:

13/16 − 1 3/16 in (20 − 30 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

(1) rear brake lever

120

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:43:27 31KTB600_130

Adjustment

1.

Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting

LEFT REAR

(2)

( ( ) )

( ( ) )

(2) rear brake adjusting nut

(3) brake arm pin

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

(3)

Brakes

2.

Apply the brake, release it, and then spin the wheel and check that it rotates

3.

freely. Repeat this procedure several times.

Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust the freeplay properly, see your Honda dealer.

Other Inspections

Make sure the brake arm, spring, and fasteners are in good condition.

Check for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:43:35 31KTB600_131

Brakes

Brake Shoe Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

LEFT REAR

(2)

(3)

(1)

(4)

(1) punch mark

(2) brake cam spindle

(3) reference mark

(4) brake sub-arm

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Servicing Your Honda

The rear brake is equipped with an external brake wear indicator that lets you check brake wear without disassembly.

Application of the rear brake lever causes the punch mark on the brake cam spindle to move toward a reference mark on the brake sub-arm.

1.

Place your scooter on its center stand.

2.

Apply the rear brake lever and check

Replace the brake shoes if the punch application of the brake. If replacement is necessary, see your Honda dealer.

04/10/12 10:43:43 31KTB600_132

Brakes

Parking Brake Lever Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

1.

Stop the engine and put the scooter on its center stand on level ground.

2.

Count the number of clicks before the brake starts to take hold by slowly pulling the grip down from the fully returned position.

Parking brake grip free play is:

2 - 4 clicks

If adjustment is necessary, have the brake adjusted by your Honda dealer for this service.

(1) parking brake lever

(1)

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:43:51 31KTB600_133

Tires

To safely operate your scooter, your tires must be the proper type and size, in good condition with adequate tread, and correctly inflated for the load you are carrying.

Using tires that are excessively worn or improperly inflated can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding tire inflation and maintenance.

The following pages give detailed information on how and when to check

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Servicing Your Honda

your air pressure, how to inspect your tires for wear and damage, and our recommendations for tire repair and replacement.

Air Pressure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and riding comfort. Generally, underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect handling, and are more likely to fail from being overheated. Overinflated tires make your scooter ride more harshly, are more prone to damage from road hazards, and wear unevenly.

04/10/12 10:44:02 31KTB600_134

We recommend that you visually check your tires before every ride and use an air pressure gauge to measure the air pressure at least once a month or any time you think the tires might be low. Even tires that are in good condition may lose one to two psi per month if not checked and adjusted regularly.

Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.

However, because leakage is often very slow, you should look closely for punctures whenever a tire is not fully inflated.

Always check air pressure when your tires are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the scooter has been parked for at least three hours. If you check air pressure when your tires are

‘‘warm’’ –– even if your scooter has only been ridden for a few miles –– the

Tires

readings will be higher. If you let air out of warm tires to match the recommended cold pressures, the tires will be underinflated.

The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures are: front rear

25 psi

(175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )

29 psi

(200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm ) with less than 200 lbs

(90 kg) of added weight

33 psi

(225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm ) with more than 200 lbs

(90 kg) of added weight

* includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo & all accessories

Servicing Your Honda

125

04/10/12 10:44:12 31KTB600_135

Tires

Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Whenever you check the tire pressures, you should also look for:

Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire or the tread. Replace any tire that has a bump or bulge.

Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.

Replace the tire if you can see fabric or cord.

Nails or other foreign objects embedded in the side of the tire or tread.

Excessive tread wear.

Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object while riding, pull to the side of the road as soon as you safely can and carefully inspect the tires for damage.

Tread Wear

(1)

(2)

(1) wear indicator

(2) wear indicator location mark

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Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:44:22 31KTB600_136

For the best performance, you should replace a tire before the tread depth at the center reaches the following limits: front 0.06 in (1.5 mm) rear

0.08 in (2.0 mm)

If the wear indicators are visible, replace the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.

Tire Repair

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is repaired, either temporarily or permanently, will have lower speed and performance limits than a new or undamaged tire.

Tires

A temporary repair can sometimes be made in an emergency situation.

However, since a temporary repair may not hold, you must ride very slowly, preferably without any cargo or passenger, and have the tire replaced or permanently repaired as soon as possible.

(For more information on temporary repairs, see

If You Have a Flat Tire,

page

160 .)

Servicing Your Honda

127

04/10/12 10:44:29 31KTB600_137

Tires

A permanent repair, such as an internal plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a small puncture in the tread area. With such a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph

(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph

(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In addition, you may not be able to safely carry as much weight. If you choose to have a tire repaired, be sure the repair work is performed by a professional and that the wheel is balanced before you ride.

If you have a tire professionally repaired at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Tire Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

The tires that came on your scooter were designed to match the performance capabilities of your scooter and provide the best combination of handling, braking, durability, and comfort.

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Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:44:40 31KTB600_138

You should replace the tires with tires of the same size, load range, and speed rating as the originals.

Installing improper tires on your scooter can affect handling and stability. This can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always use the size and type of tires recommended in this owner’s manual.

Tires

The recommended tires for your scooter are: front

110/90-12 64L rear

IRC-SS550 DUAL

130/70-12 56L

IRC-SS550 DUAL type bias-ply, tubeless

Whenever you replace a tire, remember:

Have the wheel balanced after the tire is installed.

Have the tire replaced by your Honda dealer if possible.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:44:46 31KTB600_139

Tires

If you have a tire professionally replaced at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Important Safety Reminders

Do not install a tube inside a tubeless tire on this scooter. Excessive heat build-up can cause the tube to burst.

Use only tubeless tires on this scooter.

The rims are designed for tubeless tires, and during hard acceleration or braking, a tube-type tire could slip on the rim and cause the tire to rapidly deflate.

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Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:44:57 31KTB600_140

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

LEFT SIDE

(1)

Side Stand

damage or loss of tension.

Check the side stand ignition cut-off system:

1.

Sit astride the scooter.

2.

3.

Raise the side stand.

Pull the rear brake lever in.

4.

5.

Start the engine.

Lower the side stand all the way.

The engine should stop as you lower the side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop, see your Honda dealer for service.

(1) side stand spring

Check that the side stand assembly is working properly. If the side stand is stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean grease.

Servicing Your Honda

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Battery

Your scooter has a maintenance-free type battery. You do not have to check the battery electrolyte level or add distilled water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.

Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type and can be permanently damaged if the cap strip is removed.

Electrical accessories use current from the battery –– even when the ignition is OFF.

Limited operation also allows the battery to discharge. If you have electrical accessories on your scooter –– or do not ride frequently, we recommend that you charge the battery frequently (see

Battery

Charging,

page 135 ).

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Servicing Your Honda

If you do not expect to ride your scooter for at least two weeks, we recommend you remove the battery –– or at least disconnect the battery cables (negative cable first).

If you plan to store your scooter, see

Battery Storage,

page 133 .

If your battery seems weak and/or is leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting or other electrical problems), see your

Honda dealer.

WARNING:

Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds.

Wash hands after handling.

04/10/12 10:45:13 31KTB600_142

Battery Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

If you plan to store your scooter, we recommend you remove the battery and store it where it can be charged at least every 30 days to maintain its service life.

If you do not remove the battery, we recommend disconnecting the battery cables (negative cable first).

You will get the best storage results from removing the battery and slow (trickle) charging it every 30 days (see

Charging,

page 135 ).

Battery

Battery

Before you remove the battery, be sure to read all the information that follows, as well as the information on the battery label.

The battery gives off explosive hydrogen gas during normal operation.

A spark or flame can cause the battery to explode with enough force to kill or seriously hurt you.

Wear protective clothing and a face shield, or have a skilled mechanic do the battery maintenance.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:45:23 31KTB600_143

Battery

The battery is located in the battery box below the front seat.

1.

Remove the front seat (page 84 ).

2.

UNDER FRONT SEAT

(2)

(1)

3.

4.

Disconnect the negative (

) terminal disconnect the positive ( + ) terminal

5.

box.

UNDER FRONT SEAT

(6)

(3)

(5)

(4)

(3) rubber band (4) battery

(5) negative ( − ) terminal lead

(6) positive (

) terminal lead

(1) inner box cover (2) clips

134

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:45:32 31KTB600_144

Battery Charging

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

(1)

Battery

6.

Charge the battery (see following section), unless you have been riding

7.

regularly.

Store your battery in an easy-to-reach location off the floor, in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight.

8.

Clean the battery box after removing the battery for storage. Dry the battery box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the area.

9.

Slow charge the battery (see following section) once every 30 days.

(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger

Be sure to read the information that came with your battery charger and follow the instructions on the battery. Improper charging may damage the battery.

Servicing Your Honda

135

04/10/12 10:45:37 31KTB600_145

Battery

We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger left connected for long periods without risking damage to the battery. However, do not intentionally leave the charger connected longer than the time period recommended in the charger’s instructions.

Avoid using an automotive-type battery charger. An automotive charger can overheat a scooter battery and cause permanent damage.

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Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:45:47 31KTB600_146

Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep your Honda looking newer longer.

Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an owner who values your scooter. A clean scooter is also easier to inspect and service.

General Recommendations

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

To clean your scooter, you may use:

− water

− a mild, neutral detergent and water

− a mild spray and wipe cleaner/ polisher

− a mild spray and rinse cleaner/ degreaser and water

Appearance Care

Avoid products that contain harsh detergents or chemical solvents that could damage the metal, paint, and plastic on your scooter.

If your scooter is still warm from recent operation, give the engine and exhaust system time to cool off.

Park in a shady area. Washing your scooter in bright sunlight may cause the finish to fade because water droplets intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting is also more likely because surface water can dry before you have time to wipe it off.

Clean your scooter regularly to protect surface finishes.

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

137

04/10/12 10:45:54 31KTB600_147

Appearance Care

We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash your scooter. High pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage certain parts of your scooter.

High pressure water (or air) can damage certain parts of your scooter.

After cleaning, inspect for damage, wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and brake fluid).

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Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:46:03 31KTB600_148

Washing Your Scooter with a

Mild Detergent

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

1.

Rinse your scooter thoroughly with cool

2.

water to remove loose dirt.

Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a mild, neutral detergent, such as dish washing liquid or a product made especially for washing scooters or automobiles.

3.

Wash your scooter with a sponge or a soft towel. As you wash, check for heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.

Appearance Care

4.

After washing, rinse your scooter thoroughly with plenty of clean water to remove any residue. Detergent residue can corrode alloy parts.

5.

Dry your scooter with a chamois or a soft towel. Leaving water on the surface to air dry can cause dulling and water spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and scratches.

6.

Start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. The engine heat will help dry moist areas.

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:46:11 31KTB600_149

Appearance Care

7.

As a precaution, ride your scooter at a slow speed and apply the brakes several times. This will help dry the brakes and restore normal braking performance.

TEST BRAKES

Spray Cleaning Your Scooter

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Avoid using spray cleaner products on the tires or suspension components.

Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s) follow:

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Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:46:20 31KTB600_150

Scooter Condition

Dust and fingerprint smudges.

Light road grime.

Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake dust.

Dull, corroded chrome or aluminum.

Appearance Care

Recommended Cleaning

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.

Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.

Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.

If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Servicing Your Honda

141

04/10/12 10:46:25 31KTB600_151

Appearance Care

Painted Aluminum Wheel

Maintenance

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

Aluminum may corrode from contact with dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the wheels after riding through any of these substances. Use a wet sponge and mild detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool, or cleaners containing abrasives or chemical compounds.

After washing, rinse with plenty of water and dry with a clean cloth.

If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up paint.

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Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:46:32 31KTB600_152

Finishing Touches

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

After washing your scooter, consider using a commercially-available spray cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically for scooters or automobiles. Apply the polish or wax according to the instructions on the container.

If a surface on your scooter is chipped or scratched, your Honda dealer has touch-up paint to match your scooter’s color. Be sure to use your scooter’s color code (page

176

) when you buy touch-up paint.

Appearance Care

If the frame has a chip that exposes the metal, first apply primer (to prevent corrosion) and then apply the touch-up paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint are better than one thick coat.

Servicing Your Honda

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04/10/12 10:46:34 31KTB600_153

144

Servicing Your Honda

04/10/12 10:46:39 31KTB600_154

Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store and transport your Honda, and how to be an environmentally responsible scooter owner.

Tips

Storing Your Honda ............................

. 146

Transporting Your Scooter ..................

. 150

You & the Environment ......................

. 151

Tips

145

04/10/12 10:46:49 31KTB600_155

Storing Your Honda

If you won’t be riding for an extended period, such as during the winter, thoroughly inspect your scooter and correct any problem before storing it. That way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten and it will be easier to get your scooter running again.

For more information about storage, refer to the

Guide,

Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage

available from your Honda dealer

(USA only).

We suggest you perform the following procedures to keep your scooter in top condition. These storage procedures will reduce the deterioration that can occur during storage.

Preparation for Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

This procedure requires a means for draining and disposing of drained fuel

(page

1.

151 ).

Change the engine oil and clean the oil strainer screen (page 97 ).

2.

Make sure the cooling system is filled with a 50/50% antifreeze solution (page

99 ).

3.

Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill cap is properly installed.

146

Tips

04/10/12 10:46:56 31KTB600_156

4.

Drain the carburetor into an approved gasoline container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 151 ).

If storage will last longer than one month, carburetor draining is important, to assure proper performance after storage.

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

Storing Your Honda

5.

To prevent rusting in the cylinder, perform the following:

Remove the spark plug cap from the spark plug. Using tape or string, secure the cap to any convenient plastic body part so that it is positioned away from the spark plug.

Remove the spark plug from the engine and store it in a safe place. Do not connect the spark plug to the spark plug cap.

Pour a tablespoon (15

20 cc) of clean engine oil into the cylinder and cover the spark plug hole with a piece of cloth.

(cont’d)

Tips

147

04/10/12 10:47:05 31KTB600_157

Storing Your Honda

With the engine stop switch in the

RUN position, press the start button several times to crank the engine and distribute the oil.

Reinstall the spark plug and spark

6.

plug cap.

Remove the battery and charge it fully.

Store it in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page

135 ) once a month.

7.

Wash and dry your scooter. Wax all painted surfaces. Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.

8.

Inflate the tires to their recommended pressures (page

124

).

9.

Store your scooter in an unheated area, free of dampness, away from sunlight, with a minimum of daily temperature variation.

10.

Place your scooter on blocks to lift both

11.

tires off the floor.

Cover your scooter with a porous material. Avoid using plastic or similar non-breathing, coated materials that restrict air flow and allow heat and moisture to accumulate.

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Tips

04/10/12 10:47:13 31KTB600_158

Removal from Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

1.

2.

Uncover and clean your scooter.

If your scooter has been stored for more

3.

than four months –– change the engine oil (page

94

).

If your scooter has been stored for more than two months –– ask your Honda

4.

dealer to drain and replace the fuel.

Charge the battery (page 135 ) as required. Install the battery.

5.

Perform a pre-ride inspection (page

28

), then test-ride your scooter at low speeds.

Storing Your Honda

Tips

149

04/10/12 10:47:18 31KTB600_159

Transporting Your Scooter

If your scooter needs to be transported, it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer, or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For information about 24-hour emergency assistance, see page 201 (USA only). Do not tow your scooter, as towing can seriously damage the transmission.

When contacting a towing or transporting service, be sure to ask if they have a flatbed area, a loading ramp or power ramp to safely lift the scooter, and motorcycle tie-down straps.

150

Tips

04/10/12 10:47:24 31KTB600_160

Owning and riding a scooter can be enjoyable, but you must do your part to protect nature.

Following are tips on how you can be an environmentally-responsible scooter owner.

Choose Sensible Cleaners.

Use a biodegradable detergent when you wash your scooter. Avoid aerosol spray cleaners that contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which damage the atmosphere’s protective ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning solvents away; see the following guidelines for proper disposal.

You & the Environment

Recycle Wastes.

It’s illegal and thoughtless to put used engine oil in the trash, down a drain, or on the ground.

Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and cleaning solvents contain poisons that can hurt refuse workers and contaminate our drinking water, lakes, rivers, and oceans. Before changing your oil, make sure you have the proper containers. Put oil and other toxic wastes in separate sealed containers and take them to a recycling center. Call your local or state office of public works or environmental services to find a recycling center in your area, and to get instructions on how to dispose of non-recyclable wastes.

Tips

151

04/10/12 10:47:27 31KTB600_161

152

Tips

04/10/12 10:47:32 31KTB600_162

This section discusses the more common problems that can occur with your scooter while you’re riding. It tells you how to evaluate each problem and what actions you can take to try to resume riding. If the problem cannot be safely solved, this section also gives instructions on the proper way to have your scooter transported.

For information about transporting your scooter, see page

150

.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines ..............................

. 154

If Your Engine Quits or

Won’t Start ..........................................

. 155

If You Have a Flat Tire .......................

. 160

If Your Engine Overheats ...................

. 164

If a Fuse Blows ....................................

. 166

If You Crash ........................................

. 170

If You Lose Your Key ........................

. 171

If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) .......

. 172

Taking Care of the Unexpected

153

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines

Keeping your scooter well-maintained is the best way to reduce the possibility of having a problem on the road. However, since problems can arise even with wellmaintained machines, you may consider subscribing to an emergency roadside service plan. (USA only: For information about the Honda Rider’s Club of America, see page 201 .)

Remember to take along your owner’s manual, the tool kit that came with your scooter, and any other items (such as tire repair supplies and additional tools) that might help you solve a problem on your own.

Should you ever have a problem while riding, please follow these guidelines:

Always put personal safety first.

Take time to assess the situation and your options before deciding what to do.

If the problem is relatively minor and you have the tools, supplies, and skills to make a temporary repair, be sure to have permanent repairs made as soon as possible.

Do not continue riding if you are hurt or your scooter is not in safe riding condition.

Additional recommendations for specific problems follow.

154

Taking Care of the Unexpected

04/10/12 10:47:48 31KTB600_164

Proper operation and maintenance can prevent starting and engine performance problems. In many cases, the cause of the problem may be a simple operational oversight.

If you have a problem starting the engine

− or experience poor engine performance − the following information may help you. If you can’t correct the problem, see your Honda dealer.

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

If your scooter won’t start, listen as you press the start button. If you don’t hear the starter motor turning, refer to the

motor doesn’t operate

Starter

symptom. If you can hear the starter motor working normally, refer to the

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start

symptom.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

155

04/10/12 10:48:03 31KTB600_165

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor doesn’t operate.

POSSIBLE CAUSE ignition switch OFF engine stop switch OFF side stand down blown fuse

WHAT TO DO

Turn the ignition switch ON.

Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.

Raise the side stand.

Replace with a new fuse of the same rating (page battery lead loose dead battery faulty starter motor

166 ).

Tighten the battery lead.

Charge the battery (page 135 ). If charging doesn’t help, see your Honda dealer.

If all possible causes are negative, the starter motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.

156

Taking Care of the Unexpected

04/10/12 10:48:14 31KTB600_166

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO out of fuel loose or unconnected spark

Fill the fuel tank.

Install the spark plug cap securely. If the engine plug cap loose battery cables weak battery still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.

Tighten the battery terminal bolts.

Charge the battery (page 135 help, see your Honda dealer.

). If charging doesn’t

Taking Care of the Unexpected

157

04/10/12 10:48:25 31KTB600_167

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly.

POSSIBLE CAUSE idles roughly, too fast, stalls

WHAT TO DO

Check engine idle adjustment (page

110

). If the problem persists, see your Honda dealer.

overheating Check the coolant temperature gauge. Refer to

If runs erratically, misfires blubbers (rich fuel mixture)

Y our Engine Over heats, page 164 .

See your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

158

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If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly. (cont’d)

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO sooty exhaust (rich fuel mixture)

See your Honda dealer.

detonates or pings under load afterfires (backfires) pre-ignition (runs on after ignition switched OFF)

If applicable, switch to the recommended octane gasoline (page 86 ) or change your brand of gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

159

04/10/12 10:48:42 31KTB600_169

If You Have a Flat Tire

A flat tire is always unwelcome, especially if you are far from help. If you think you are losing air, or you hit a pothole or hard object, pull safely to the side of the road so you can inspect the tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to park on a firm, level surface and use the center stand for support.) You should examine the tire treads and sidewalls for foreign objects or damage. If you find a tire that has been punctured or damaged, you have two options.

Option 1:

Have Your Scooter Transported

If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come loose from the rim, there is probably not much you can do except have your scooter transported to a Honda dealer or other

160

Taking Care of the Unexpected

qualified service facility. (USA only: For information about 24-hour emergency roadside assistance, see page 201 .) Even with a simple puncture, this may be the safest and least troublesome solution. For transporting instructions, see page 150 .

Option 2:

Make a Temporary Roadside Repair

If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and is not completely flat, you may be able to make an emergency repair that could allow you to continue riding to where you can get the tire replaced or permanently repaired.

04/10/12 10:48:48 31KTB600_170

Riding your scooter with a temporary tire repair can be risky.

If the temporary repair fails, you can crash and be seriously injured or killed.

If you must ride with a temporary tire repair, ride slowly and carefully and do not exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) until the tire is permanently repaired or replaced.

Due to the uncertainty of any temporary repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably without a passenger or cargo) until the tire is replaced or permanently repaired. Stop

If You Have a Flat Tire

frequently and check the air pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe to continue riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect the handling of your scooter

(especially with a passenger and cargo) and it may overheat and blow out.

Types of Temporary Repairs

The following types of temporary repairs generally require a source of air to inflate the tire. Possible sources include CO

2 cartridges or cans of compressed air designed to inflate a tire.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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04/10/12 10:48:54 31KTB600_171

If You Have a Flat Tire

Inflate the tire:

Tubeless tires have some self-sealing ability if they are punctured and the result is usually just a slow leak. If this is the case, you can try inflating the tire to see if it will hold air pressure. If you can see a nail or other object embedded in the tire tread, do not remove it at this time.

Plug the hole:

The idea here is to do something to temporarily stop the leak.

If you have a tubeless tire repair kit, you can pull out the nail and try inserting an external plug in the puncture. Follow the instructions that came with the repair kit and be sure to inflate the tire to the correct pressure.

Should You Repair or Replace a

Tire?

We strongly recommend that you replace, not permanently repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged, even if the tire has only a minor puncture. For a full discussion of repairs and replacement, see page 127 .

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Emergency Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 68 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

If You Have a Flat Tire

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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04/10/12 10:49:06 31KTB600_173

If Your Engine Overheats

Normally, the temperature of the coolant in the cooling system will rise to a level about midway between cold and boiling.

Hot weather may cause the temperature to rise higher than normal. So will temporary stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the temperature may climb some, but the radiator fan is designed to prevent overheating. Be aware of these variations.

If the coolant temperature indicator (page

16 ) comes on for no apparent reason, pull safely to the side of the road. If possible, park in a shady area.

Continuing to ride with an overheated engine can cause serious engine damage.

A steaming engine indicates a coolant leak. Shut the engine off and wait until the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but don’t touch the engine or radiator system. Let everything cool off first.

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Check the radiator fan.

If the fan is not working, turn the engine off. Open the fuse box (page

168 ) and check the radiator fan fuse.

If the fuse is blown, replace it with the proper (same rating) spare fuse. Start the engine. If the temperature indicator comes on and stays on, turn the engine off.

If the radiator fan is working, visually check the coolant level in the reserve tank, located under the fuel tank lid

(page 100 ). It isn’t necessary to touch the radiator system.

If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t ride without adding coolant (page 100 ).

After adding coolant, turn the engine on and check the temperature indicator.

If the indicator doesn’t turn off, do not

If Your Engine Overheats

ride. The engine needs repair. Transport your scooter to a Honda dealer (page

150 ).

If the temperature drops to normal, check the coolant level. If it has gone down, add more coolant.

If you are able to resume riding, continue to monitor the temperature indicator frequently.

If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for awhile, carefully watching the temperature indicator. Be prepared to stop and add more coolant or water. If the leak is bad, transport your motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 150 ).

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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04/10/12 10:49:23 31KTB600_175

If a Fuse Blows

All of the electrical circuits on your scooter have fuses to protect them from damage caused by excess current flow

(short circuit or overload).

If something electrical on your scooter stops working, the first thing you should check for is a blown fuse.

Determine from the chart on the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control that component. Check those fuses first, but check all the fuses before looking elsewhere for another possible cause of the problem. Replace any blown fuses and check component operation.

The main fuse (and spare main fuse) is located on the starter magnetic switch under the inner box cover.

The circuit fuse box is located under the inner box cover.

A spare circuit fuse is located in the fuse box.

Recommended Fuses main fuse other fuses

30A

10A

1.

To prevent an accidental short circuit, turn the ignition switch OFF before checking or replacing the fuses.

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2.

the front seat (page 84 ) and inner box cover (page 134 ).

UNDER FRONT SEAT

(2)

(1)

(3)

If a Fuse Blows

3.

4.

Pull the fuse out. If the main fuse is

5.

6.

Reconnect the wire connector.

Install the inner box cover and front seat.

(4)

(1) main fuse

(2) wire connector

(3) starter magnetic switch

(5) spare main fuse

(5)

(4) blown fuse

(cont’d)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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04/10/12 10:49:40 31KTB600_177

If a Fuse Blows

7.

To access the circuit fuses, remove the inner box cover (page 134 ).

8.

9.

To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull the old fuse out of its retaining clips.

Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.

If the fuse is blown ( 4 ), replace it with a spare fuse ( 8 ) of the same rating or lower.

UNDER SEAT

(8)

(7)

(6) fuse box cover

(7) fuse box

(8) spare fuse

(6)

168

Taking Care of the Unexpected

04/10/12 10:49:49 31KTB600_178

(4)

(4) blown fuse

10.

Close the fuse box cover.

11.

Install the inner box cover and front seat.

If you do not have a replacement fuse with the proper rating for the circuit, install one with a lower rating.

Replacing a f use with one that has a higher rating greatly increases the chance of damage to the electrical system.

If a Fuse Blows

If you do not have a spare fuse and you cannot ride the scooter without fixing the problem, take a fuse of the same rating or a lower rating from one of the other circuits that you can do without temporarily.

If you replace a blown fuse with a spare fuse that has a lower rating, replace the fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can. Also remember to replace any spare fuses that were installed.

If the replacement fuse of the same rating burns out in a short time, there is probably a serious electrical problem on your scooter. Leave the blown fuse in that circuit and have your scooter checked by your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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If You Crash

Personal safety is your first priority after any accident. If you or anyone else has been injured, take time to assess the severity of the injuries and whether it is safe to continue riding. Call for emergency assistance if needed. Also follow applicable laws and regulations if another person or vehicle is involved in the accident.

If you decide you are capable of riding safely, carefully inspect your scooter for damage and determine if it is safe to ride.

Check the tightness of critical nuts and bolts securing such parts as the handlebar, control levers, brakes, and wheels.

If there is minor damage, or you are unsure about possible damage, ride slowly and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage is hidden or not immediately apparent, so you should have your scooter thoroughly checked at a qualified service facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure to have your Honda dealer check the frame and suspension after any serious crash.

If your scooter cannot be ridden, see

Transporting Your Scooter,

page 150 .

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You should receive a key number plate safe place.

Be sure to record your key number in the

Quick Reference section at the rear of the manual. You’ll need this number to have a duplicate key made.

A lost key won’t be a problem if you take preventative action. Store one duplicate key in a safe place at home and carry a second duplicate in your wallet.

If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a duplicate, either get your spare or have one made. If you don’t know your key number, call the dealer you purchased your Honda from. They may have it listed in their records. If they don’t, transport

If You Lose Your Key

your scooter to them or the nearest Honda dealer. The dealer will probably have to remove the ignition switch assembly to find the key number so they can make a key for you.

(1)

(1) key number plate

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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If Your Battery is Low (or Dead)

Jump starting is not recommended, especially if you use an automobile battery.

The greater amperage of an automobile battery when the car engine is running can damage your scooter’s electrical system.

Bump starting is also not recommended.

If you can’t charge the battery or it appears unable to hold a charge, contact your Honda dealer.

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This section contains dimensions, capacities, and other technical data, plus information on government requirements and how to break-in your scooter.

Technical Information

Vehicle Identification ..........................

. 174

Specifications ......................................

. 177

Break-in Guidelines .............................

. 183

High Altitude Carburetor

Adjustment ...........................................

. 184

Emission Control Systems ..................

. 185

Catalytic Converter .............................

. 190

Oxygenated Fuels ................................

. 191

Technical Information

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Vehicle Identification

Serial Numbers

The frame, VIN, and engine serial numbers are required when you register your scooter. They may also be required when ordering replacement parts. You may record these numbers in the Quick

Reference section at the rear of this manual.

The VIN (vehicle identification number) appears on the Safety Certification Label attached to the right front frame.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) VIN

174

Technical Information

04/10/12 10:50:25 31KTB600_184 right side of the frame body.

RIGHT SIDE

Vehicle Identification

back of the crankcase near the rear wheel.

LEFT REAR

(2) frame number

(2)

(3)

(3) engine number

Technical Information

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Vehicle Identification

Color Label & Code

The color label is located on the inner box under the inner box cover. Remove the inner box cover (page label.

134 ) to check the

The color code is helpful when ordering replacement parts. You may record the color and code in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.

UNDER INNER BOX COVER

(1)

(1) color label

176

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Dimensions

overall length overall width overall height wheelbase ground clearance

Weight

dry weight

82.1 in (2,085 mm)

31.3 in (795 mm)

42.9 in (1,090 mm)

57.3 in (1,455 mm)

5.3 in (135 mm)

362 lbs (164 kg)

Specifications

Technical Information

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Specifications

Fuel & Lubricants

fuel recommendation fuel tank capacity engine oil capacity engine oil recommendation cooling system, recommendation cooling system, capacity unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher

3.17 US gal (12.0 ) including reserve after disassembly: after draining:

1.4 US qt (1.3 )

1.2 US qt (1.1 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label, SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA or MB,

Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without molybdenum additives) or

HP4M (with molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil or an equivalent motorcycle oil

Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines

1.5 US qt (1.4 )

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Specifications

Capacities

passenger capacity maximum weight capacity operator, one passenger

USA: 322 lbs (146 kg)

Canada: 331 lbs (150 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Engine Specifications

displacement 15.2 cu-in (249 cm ) bore & stroke compression ratio spark plug (standard) spark plug

2.86

× 2.36 in (72.7

× 60.0 mm)

10.5 : 1

DPR7EA-9 (NGK)

DPR6EA-9 (NGK) or or

X22EPR-U9 (DENSO)

X20EPR-U9 (DENSO)

(cold climate) spark plug (high speed riding) valve clearance

(cold) spark plug gap idle speed

DPR8EA-9 (NGK) intake: exhaust:

0.031

1,500

± or X24EPR-U9 (DENSO)

0.005 in (0.12 mm)

0.005 in (0.12 mm)

0.035 in (0.80

100 rpm

− 0.90 mm)

Technical Information

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04/10/12 10:51:26 31KTB600_189

Specifications

Power Transmission

primary reduction final reduction

V-Belt

6.876

Chassis & Suspension

caster

28° trail tire size, front

3.6 in (92 mm)

110/90-12 64L tire size, rear tire type tire pressure, front

(cold)

130/70-12 56L bias-ply, tubeless

25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm ) tire pressure, rear

(cold)

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

− less than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight

33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm ) − more than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight

Electrical

battery generator

12V-11 Ah

0.40 kW/5,000 rpm

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Lights

headlight brake/tail light turn signal lights instrument lights turn signal indicator high beam indicator parking brake indicator

12V-60/55W × 2

12V-32/3CP

12V-23/8W × 2

12V-23W × 2

(front)

(rear)

12V-1.7W

12V-3.4W

× 2

12V-1.7W

12V-1.7W

Specifications

Technical Information

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04/10/12 10:51:45 31KTB600_191

Specifications

Fuses

main other fuses

30A

10A

Torque Specifications

oil plug

15 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)

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Help assure your scooter’s future reliability and performance by paying extra attention to how you ride during the first 300 miles (500 km).

During this period, avoid full-throttle starts and rapid acceleration.

Break-in Guidelines

Technical Information

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04/10/12 10:51:55 31KTB600_193

High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment

Your engine’s air-fuel mixture becomes overly rich when operated at high altitudes.

Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m), a rich mixture can cause driveability problems, reduce engine performance, and increase fuel consumption. To compensate, you can have the carburetor adjusted for high altitude riding. See your Honda dealer.

However, the carburetor must be returned to standard factory specifications before riding again at lower altitudes (below

5,000 feet, 1,500 m). See your Honda dealer.

Sustained riding at lower altitudes with the lean high-altitude setting may cause rough idling, stalling, or engine damage from overheating.

184

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Exhaust Emission Requirements

The U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada require that your scooter comply with applicable exhaust emissions standards during its useful life, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

The Vehicle Emission Control right side of the frame tube under the front seat (USA only).

The Vehicle Emission Control left side of the front frame (Canada only).

Emission Control Systems

UNDER FRONT

SEAT

LEFT FRONT

(1)

(2)

(1) vehicle emission control information label (USA only)

(2) vehicle emission control information label (Canada only)

Technical Information

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04/10/12 10:52:08 31KTB600_195

Emission Control Systems

Noise Emission Requirements

The EPA also requires that scooters built after January 1, 1983 comply with applicable noise emission standards for one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided. (USA only)

Warranty Compliance

Compliance with the terms of the

Distributor’s Warranties for Honda

Scooter Emission Control Systems is necessary in order to keep the emissions system warranty in effect. (USA only)

Source of Exhaust Emissions

The combustion process produces carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.

Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various systems to reduce carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.

186

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Exhaust Emission Control System

The exhaust emission control system includes a secondary air supply system, and an oxidation catalytic converter.

No adjustment to these systems should be made although periodic inspection of the components is recommended.

Secondary Air Injection System

The secondary air injection system introduces filtered air into the exhaust gases in the exhaust port. The secondary air injection system helps improve emission performance.

Emission Control Systems

Oxidation Catalytic Converter

The oxidation catalytic converter is in the exhaust system. Through chemical reactions, they convert HC and CO in the and water vapor.

Evaporative Emission Control System

This scooter complies with the requirements of the California Air

Resources Board (CARB) evaporative emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank and carburetor is directed into the charcoal canister and air cleaner where it is adsorbed and stored while the engine is stopped. When the engine is running and the purge control diaphragm valve is open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air cleaner is drawn into the engine through the carburetor.

Technical Information

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04/10/12 10:52:20 31KTB600_197

Emission Control Systems

Crankcase Emission Control System

The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.

Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the carburetor.

Problems That May Affect Scooter

Exhaust Emissions

If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda scooter dealer.

Symptoms:

1.

Hard starting or stalling after starting

2.

3.

Rough idle

Misfiring or backfiring during

4.

5.

acceleration

After-burning (backfiring)

Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy

188

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Noise Emission Control System

TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE

CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:

U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian provincial laws may prohibit the following removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use; device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.

Emission Control Systems

AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED

TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE

THE FOLLOWING ACTS:

1.

Removal of, or puncturing the muffler, baffles, header pipes or any other component which conducts exhaust gases.

2.

Removal of, or puncturing of any part of the intake system.

3.

4.

Lack of proper maintenance.

Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those specified by the manufacturer.

Technical Information

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Catalytic Converter

This scooter is equipped with an oxidation catalytic converter.

The catalytic converter contains precious metals that serve as catalysts, promoting chemical reactions to convert the exhaust gasses without affecting the metals.

The catalytic converter acts on HC and

CO. A replacement unit must be an original Honda part or its equivalent.

The catalytic converter must operate at a high temperature for the chemical reactions to take place. It can set fire to any combustible materials that come near it. Park your scooter away from high grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.

A defective catalytic converter contributes to air pollution, and can impair your engine’s performance. Follow these guidelines to protect your scooter’s catalytic converter.

Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a small amount of leaded gasoline can contaminate the catalyst metals, making the catalytic converter ineffective.

Keep the engine tuned-up.

Have your scooter diagnosed and repaired if it is misfiring, backfiring, stalling or otherwise not running properly.

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Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States and Canada use oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.

If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating requirement.

Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/ provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.

Oxygenated Fuels

The following are the EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates:

ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline containing ethanol may be marketed under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.

MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

15% MTBE by volume.

Technical Information

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04/10/12 10:52:46 31KTB600_201

Oxygenated Fuels

METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)

5% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing methanol containing up to 5% methanol by volume as long as it also contains cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to protect the fuel system. Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by volume may cause starting and/or performance problems. It may also damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts of your fuel system.

If you notice any undesirable operating symptoms, try another service station or switch to another brand of gasoline.

Fuel system damage or performance problems resulting from the use of an oxygenated fuel containing more than the percentages of oxygenates mentioned above are not covered under warranty.

Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills immediately.

Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is not covered by warranty.

192

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This section contains information on your warranty and how to get an official Honda service manual.

Consumer Information

Authorized Manuals ............................

. 194

Warranty Coverage .............................

. 197

Warranty Service .................................

. 198

Contacting Honda ................................

. 199

Your Honda Dealer .............................

. 200

The Honda Rider’s Club

(USA only) ..........................................

. 201

Reporting Safety Defects

(USA only) ..........................................

. 202

Consumer Information

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04/10/12 10:52:59 31KTB600_203

Authorized Manuals

The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.

(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)

Also available, but not necessary, to service your model is the Honda Common Service

Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.

These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.

Publication Item No.

61KTB00

61CM002

Description

2005 PS250 Service Manual

Common Service Manual

31KTB600 2005 PS250 Owner’s Manual

Pr ices ar e subject to change without notice and without incur r ing obligation.

Price Each

$45.00

$48.00

$16.00

194

Consumer Information

04/10/12 10:53:11 31KTB600_204

Order On-Line: www.helminc.com

Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93

(1-888-292-5393)

(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)

Monday

Friday 8:00 AM

6:00 PM EST

OR

By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the back of this order form (USA only).

Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.

Publication

Item No.

Item Description Qty.

Price

Each

Total

Price

Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.

Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for delivery.

Sub Total

Purchaser’s Sales Tax

Mich. Add 6 %

Calif. Add 8.25 %

Handling Charge

Grand Total

$5.00

Consumer Information

195

04/10/12 10:53:25 31KTB600_205

M

E

N

T

P

A

Y

S

H

I

P

T

O

NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.

Attention Customer Name

Street Address - No P. O. Box Number

State

Apartment Number

Zip Code City

Daytime Telephone Number

( )

Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.

U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.

Account Number MasterCard

VISA

Discover

Customer Signature

Check here if your billing address is different from the shipping address shown above.

Expiration: Mo. Yr.

Date

These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a restocking fee may be applied against the original order.

HELM

P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207

196

Consumer Information

04/10/12 10:53:34 31KTB600_206

Your new Honda is covered by these warranties:

Scooter Limited Warranty

Exhaust Emission Warranty

Noise Control Warranty

There are responsibilities, restrictions, and exclusions which apply to these warranties.

Please read the Warranties Booklet given to you by your Honda dealer at the time of purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda owner’s card with your Warranties

Booklet (USA only).

It is important to realize that your warranty applies to defects in material or workmanship of your Honda. Your warranty coverage does not apply to normal wear or deterioration associated with using the scooter.

Warranty Coverage

Your warranty coverage will not be voided if you choose to perform your own maintenance. However, you should have the proper tools and service information and be mechanically qualified. Failures that occur due directly to improper maintenance are not covered.

Almost all of your warranty coverage can be extended through the Honda Protection

Plan (USA only). For more information, see your Honda dealer.

Consumer Information

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04/10/12 10:53:39 31KTB600_207

Warranty Service

Please remember that recommended maintenance interval servicing is not included in your warranty coverage.

Additionally, your warranty does not apply to the normal wear of items (such as brakes, tires, etc.).

If you believe you have a problem with your scooter, call the service department of your Honda dealer. Make an appointment for an inspection and diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the scooter, you will be asked to authorize that inspection. Your dealer will give you the results of the inspection. If the problem is covered under warranty, your dealer will perform the warranty repairs for you.

If you have questions about warranty coverage or the nature of the repair, it is best to talk to the service manager of your

Honda dealer.

Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions of all concerned, a misunderstanding may occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your dealer’s handling of the situation, we suggest you discuss your problem with the appropriate member of the dealership’s management team. If the problem has already been reviewed with the Service

Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager, etc., contact the Owner of the dealership or their designated representative.

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Your owner’s manual was written to cover most of the questions you might ask about your Honda. Any questions not answered in the owner’s manual can be answered by your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t have the answer right away, they will get it for you.

If you have a difference of opinion with your dealer, please remember that each dealership is independently owned and operated. That’s why it’s important to work to resolve any differences at the dealership level.

If you wish to comment on your experiences with your Honda or with your dealer, please send your comments to the following address (USA only):

Contacting Honda

Motorcycle Division, American Honda

Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2220, Torrance,

CA 90509-2220, mailstop: 100-4W-5B, telephone: (310) 532-9811.

Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet that was supplied with your vehicle.

Please include the following information in your letter: name, address, and telephone number product model, year, and frame/VIN serial number date of purchase dealer name and address

We will likely ask your Honda dealer to respond, or possibly acknowledge your comments directly.

Consumer Information

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04/10/12 10:53:54 31KTB600_209

Your Honda Dealer

Once you purchase your new Honda, get familiar with the organization of your

Honda dealer so you can utilize the full range of services available.

The service department is there to perform regular maintenance and unexpected repairs. It has the latest available service information from Honda. The service department will also handle warranty inspections and repairs.

The parts department offers Genuine

Honda parts, Pro Honda products,

Hondaline accessories (USA only), and

Honda accessories and products (Canada only). The same quality that went into your Honda can be found in Genuine

Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find comparable quality in the accessories and

200

Consumer Information

products available from the parts department.

The sales department offers the Honda

Protection Plan to extend almost all of your warranty coverage (USA only).

Your Honda dealer can inform you about competition and other riding events in your area. You’ll also find that your dealer is a source of information about American

Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the

Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA only).

We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the service your Honda dealer continues to provide after the sale as you are with the quality and dependability of your Honda.

04/10/12 10:54:05 31KTB600_210

The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)

One of the best ways to get the most enjoyment from owning and riding your

Honda is through the Honda Rider’s Club of America. Your purchase of a new motorcycle, scooter, ATV or PWC from a participating U.S. Honda dealer entitles you to a complimentary one-year membership in the Club. There are hundreds of HRCA Chapter sponsoring dealers across the USA with events and activities almost every weekend.

Membership benefits include:

24 hour, toll-free roadside assistance for your new Honda (includes roadside assistance for your transport vehicle as long as your Honda is aboard or in tow).

Vehicle transport to the nearest Honda dealer or service center, if necessary.

An exclusive HRCA website complete with access to the official Honda

Common Service Manual, contests, insider information and more.

Reimbursement (up to $75) for

Motorcycle Safety Foundation training.

Separate free training from the

Specialty Vehicle Institute of America for ATV owners.

One full year of the magazine or

Honda Red Rider

Honda Red Rider ATV

(for

ATV purchasers).

Discounts from HRCA partners for experienced rider courses.

Discounted vehicle insurance from the

HRCA’s insurance partner.

Racing contingency programs and assistance at selected dual-sport, offroad, and motocross events.

Contact your Honda dealer for more information or call: 1 800-847-HRCA or log on to www.hrca.honda.com.

Consumer Information

201

04/10/12 10:54:11 31KTB600_211

Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway

Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying American Honda

Motor Co., Inc.

If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or American

Honda Motor Co., Inc.

To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at

1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in

Washington, D.C. area) or write to:

NHTSA, U.S. Department of

Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590.

You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the

Hotline.

202

Consumer Information

04/10/12 10:54:13 31KTB600_212

Consumer Information

203

04/10/12 10:54:18 31KTB600_213

Table of Contents

The following presents the contents of each section of your owner’s manual.

SCOOTER SAFETY .............................

. 1

Important Safety Information .................

. 2

Accessories & Modifications ..................

. 5

Safety Labels ...........................................

. 7

INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS .......

. 9

Component Locations ...........................

. 10

Gauges & Indicators ..............................

. 13

Controls & Features

Ignition Switch ..................................

. 17

Start Button ........................................

. 18

Engine Stop Switch ...........................

. 18

Headlight Dimmer Switch ................

. 19

Turn Signal Switch ............................

. 19

Horn Button .......................................

. 20

Tripmeter Reset Knob .......................

. 20

Parking Brake Lock ...........................

. 20

204

Table of Contents

BEFORE RIDING ...............................

. 23

Are You Ready to Ride ? .....................

. 24

Protective Apparel .............................

. 24

Rider Training ...................................

. 26

Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride ?

Pre-ride Inspection

.........

............................

. 28

. 28

Load Limits & Guidelines .....................

. 31

Loading ..............................................

. 31

Load Limits .......................................

. 32

Loading Guidelines ...........................

. 33

Cargo Compartments .............................

. 34

Front Carrier ......................................

. 34

Rear Deck ..........................................

. 35

Utility Box .........................................

. 36

Comfort & Convenience .......................

. 37

Seat Operation ...................................

. 37

Rear Seat Operation ..........................

. 39

04/10/12 10:54:25 31KTB600_214

BASIC OPERATION & RIDING .....

. 41

Safe Riding Precautions ........................

. 42

Starting & Stopping the Engine ............

. 43

Preparation .........................................

. 43

Starting Procedure .............................

. 44

How to Stop the Engine ....................

. 47

Riding .....................................................

. 48

Braking ..................................................

. 55

Parking ...................................................

. 57

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .........

. 61

Table of Contents

SERVICING YOUR HONDA ...........

. 63

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance ...........

. 66

Maintenance Safety ...............................

. 67

Important Safety Precautions ............

. 68

Periodic Maintenance ............................

. 70

Maintenance Schedule ..........................

. 72

Maintenance Record ..............................

. 77

Service Preparations

Component Locations ...........................

. 79

Tool Kit ..................................................

. 82

Owner’s Manual Storage .......................

. 83

Front Seat Removal ...............................

. 84

Clip Removal .........................................

. 85

(cont’d)

Table of Contents

205

04/10/12 10:54:35 31KTB600_215

Table of Contents

SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel ........................................................

. 86

Engine Oil & Strainer Screen ................

. 89

Coolant ...................................................

. 99

Belt Case Air Cleaner ..........................

. 103

Air Cleaner ..........................................

. 105

Crankcase Breather .............................

. 107

Engine

Throttle ................................................

. 108

Engine Idle Speed ................................

. 110

Spark Plug ............................................

. 112

Chassis

Brakes ..................................................

. 115

Tires .....................................................

. 124

Side Stand ............................................

. 131

Electrical

Battery ..................................................

. 132

Appearance Care .................................

. 137

TIPS .....................................................

. 145

Storing Your Honda ............................

. 146

Transporting Your Scooter ..................

. 150

You & the Environment ......................

. 151

206

Table of Contents

04/10/12 10:54:39 31KTB600_216

TAKING CARE OF THE

UNEXPECTED .................................

. 153

General Guidelines ..............................

. 154

If Your Engine Quits or

Won’t Start ..........................................

. 155

If You Have a Flat Tire .......................

. 160

If Your Engine Overheats ...................

. 164

If a Fuse Blows ....................................

. 166

If You Crash ........................................

. 170

If You Lose Your Key ........................

. 171

If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) .......

. 172

TECHNICAL INFORMATION .....

. 173

Vehicle Identification ..........................

. 174

Specifications ......................................

. 177

Break-in Guidelines .............................

. 183

High Altitude Carburetor

Adjustment ...........................................

. 184

Emission Control Systems ..................

. 185

Catalytic Converter .............................

. 190

Table of Contents

Oxygenated Fuels ................................

. 191

CONSUMER INFORMATION ......

. 193

Authorized Manuals ............................

. 194

Warranty Coverage .............................

. 197

Warranty Service .................................

. 198

Contacting Honda ................................

. 199

Your Honda Dealer .............................

. 200

The Honda Rider’s Club

(USA only) ..........................................

Reporting Safety Defects

. 201

(USA only) ..........................................

. 202

TABLE OF CONTENTS .................

. 204

INDEX ................................................

. 208

QUICK REFERENCE

Table of Contents

207

04/10/12 10:54:45 31KTB600_217

Index

A

accessories air cleaner

...............................................

. 5

............................................

. 105 air pressure,tires ...................................

. 124 altitude, high ........................................

. 184

American Honda, contacting ...............

. 199 apparel, protective .................................

. 24 appearance care ...................................

. 137

B

battery ..................................................

. 132 belt case air cleaner .............................

. 103 brakes, fluid ..................................................

. 116 pad wear ...........................................

. 119 parking brake lever freeplay ...........

. 123

208

Index

shoe wear .........................................

. 122 braking ...................................................

. 55 break-in guidelines ..............................

. 183

C

capacity, fuel .........................................

. 87 carburetor, altitude adjustment ............

. 184 care, appearance ..................................

. 137 catalytic converter ...............................

. 190 cleaning, appearance care ...................

. 137 color label ............................................

. 176 compartment, front carrier ........................................

. 34 rear deck ............................................

. 35 utility box ...........................................

. 36

04/10/12 10:54:52 31KTB600_218 component locations, gauges, indicators & controls ............

. 10 maintenance .......................................

. 79 consumer information .........................

. 193 coolant ....................................................

. 99 customer service ..................................

. 199

D

defects, safety ......................................

. 202

E

emission control systems .....................

. 185 engine, idle speed .........................................

. 110 number .............................................

. 175 oil .......................................................

. 89

Index

overheats ..........................................

. 164 pinging ...............................................

. 86 starting ...............................................

. 43 stop switch .........................................

. 18 stopping ..............................................

. 47 won’t start ........................................

. 155 environment .........................................

. 151

F

flat tire ..................................................

. 160 frame number ......................................

. 175

(cont’d)

Index

209

04/10/12 10:54:58 31KTB600_219

Index

fuel, oxygenated .......................................

. 191 recommendation ................................

. 86 tank capacity ......................................

. 87 fuses .....................................................

. 166

G

gap, spark plug .....................................

. 113 gasohol .................................................

. 191 gasoline ..................................................

. 86

H

headlight dimmer switch .......................

. 19 helmet holder .........................................

. 59 high altitude carburetor adjustment ....

. 184 high beam indicator ...............................

. 13

210

Index

Honda, contacting ........................................

. 199

Rider’s Club .....................................

. 201 dealer ................................................

. 200

Honda service manual .........................

. 194 horn button .............................................

. 20

I

identification, vehicle ..........................

. 174 idle speed, engine ................................

. 110 ignition cutoff system, side stand .........

. 43 ignition switch .......................................

. 17 indicators ................................................

. 13 inspection, pre-ride ................................

. 28

04/10/12 10:55:05 31KTB600_220

K

key, lost ................................................

. 171 kit, tool ...................................................

. 82

L

labels, safety ............................................

. 7 limit, weight ...........................................

. 32 load limits ..............................................

. 32 loading guidelines ..................................

. 33 location, components, gauges, indicators & controls ............

. 10 maintenance .......................................

. 79 lock, steering ..........................................

. 58

Index

M

maintenance, importance .........................................

. 66 periodic ..............................................

. 70 record .................................................

. 77 safety ..................................................

. 67 schedule .............................................

. 72 manual, service ....................................

. 194 maximum weight limit ..........................

. 32 modifications ...........................................

. 6

N

numbers, serial .....................................

. 174

Index

211

04/10/12 10:55:11 31KTB600_221

Index

O

odometer ................................................

. 13 oil, engine ..............................................

. 89 operating controls ..................................

. 17 overheat, engine ...................................

. 164 owner’s manual storage .........................

. 83 oxygenated fuels ..................................

. 191

P

parking ...................................................

. 57 parking brake lock .................................

. 20 pinging, engine ......................................

. 86 plug, spark ............................................

. 112 pre-ride inspection .................................

. 28 problems, unexpected ..........................

. 153 protective apparel ..................................

. 24

212

Index

R

removal, front seat ............................................

. 84 clip .....................................................

. 85 reporting safety defects .......................

. 202 rider training ......................................

. 3, 26

Rider’s Club, Honda ............................

. 201 riding, basic operation ...................................

. 41 clothing ..............................................

. 24 precautions .........................................

. 42 safety ....................................................

. 2 safety precautions ..............................

. 42 with passenger or cargo .....................

. 61

04/10/12 10:55:16 31KTB600_222

S

safety, important precautions ........................

. 68 labels ....................................................

. 7 reporting defects ..............................

. 202 riding precautions ..............................

. 42 schedule, maintenance ...........................

. 72 serial numbers ......................................

. 174 service, customer ...........................................

. 199 manuals ............................................

. 194 warranty ...........................................

. 198 side stand .............................................

side stand ignition cutoff system

. 131

..........

. 43 spark knock ............................................

. 86 spark plug .............................................

. 112 specifications .......................................

. 177 speedometer ...........................................

. 13

Index

stand, side ............................................

. 131 start button .............................................

. 18 starting, engine .................................................

. 43 troubleshooting ................................

. 155 steering lock ...........................................

. 58 stop switch, engine ................................

. 18 stopping engine ......................................

. 47 storage, owner’s manual .................................

. 83 scooter ..............................................

. 146 switch, headlight dimmer ...............................

. 19 ignition ...............................................

. 17 turn signal ..........................................

. 19

Index

213

04/10/12 10:55:21 31KTB600_223

Index

T

theft prevention tips ...............................

. 60 tires, air pressure .......................................

. 124 flat ....................................................

. 160 replacing ..........................................

. 128 tool kit ....................................................

. 82 training, rider .....................................

. 3, 26 transporting your scooter .....................

. 150 tripmeter .................................................

. 13 tripmeter reset knob ...............................

. 20 trouble, unexpected .............................

. 153 troubleshooting, starting ......................

. 155 turn signal indicator ...............................

. 13

V

vehicle identification no. (VIN) ..........

. 174

W

warranty, coverage ...........................................

. 197 extended ...........................................

. 197 service ..............................................

. 198 washing your scooter ...........................

. 137 weight limit ............................................

. 32

214

Index

04/10/12 10:55:24 31KTB600_224

Memo

215

04/10/12 10:55:26 31KTB600_225

216

Memo

04/10/12 10:55:34 31KTB600_226

The following is a brief, but important collection of information you need to know about your Honda. You’ll also find space to record important notes.

Quick Reference

How To Avoid Costly Repairs

The engine of your Honda can be the most expensive component to repair. Proper maintenance, especially the use of the recommended fluids and filters, prevents premature wear and damage.

Frequent causes of costly repairs are:

Engine oil: insufficient quantity, improper oil.

Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of improper installation (poor seal).

Record important information on the following page:

Quick Reference

04/10/12 10:55:38 31KTB600_227

Quick Reference

VIN/Frame No.

Engine No.

Frame No.

Ignition Key No.

Color Label

Owner’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Dealer’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Service Mgr.

Quick Reference

04/10/12 10:55:49 31KTB600_228

Scheduled

Maintenance

Pre-ride

Inspection

Periodic

Checks

Fuel/Capacity

Engine Oil

Maximum

Weight

Capacity

Quick Reference

Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)

Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)

Check the following items each time before you ride (page 30 ): tires & wheels, leaks, loose parts, throttle, brakes, indicators, lights.

Check the following items monthly (page

74

): tires & wheels, fluids, lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.

unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher

3.17 US gal (12.0 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label,

SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA or MB,

Pro Honda GN4, HP4 (without molybdenum additives) or HP4M (with molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil or equivalent

322 lbs (146 kg)

331 lbs (150 kg) Canada rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Quick Reference

04/10/12 10:56:03 31KTB600_229

Quick Reference

Tires

Tire Pressure

(cold)

Spark Plugs

Coolant

Fuses

Front:

Rear:

Type:

Front:

Rear:

110/90-12 64L

IRC-SS550 DUAL

130/70-12 56L

IRC-SS550 DUAL bias-ply, tubeless

25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm ) with less than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight

33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm ) with more than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight standard: DPR7EA-9 (NGK) cold climate: or

DPR6EA-9 (NGK) high speed riding:

X22EPR-U9 (DENSO) or

DPR8EA-9 (NGK)

X20EPR-U9 (DENSO) or

X24EPR-U9 (DENSO) ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50 solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water main:

30A other: 10A

Quick Reference

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