Sparky Group GUR 12S User's manual

Sparky Group GUR 12S User's manual
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Contents
I - Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1
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III - Safety instructions .......................................................................................................................... 3
IV - Additional safety rules for impact wrenches.................................................................................. 4
V - Additional instructions for work with the charger .......................................................................... 4
VI - Additional instructions for work with the battery pack .................................................................. 5
VII - Know your product ..................................................................................................................... A/7
VIII - Operation ........................................................................................................................................ 7
IX - Maintenance ................................................................................................................................... 9
X - Warranty .......................................................................................................................................... 9
UNPACKING
Due to modern mass production techniques, it is unlikely that your power tool is faulty or that a part is
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ASSEMBLY
This SPARKY cordless impact wrench GUR 12S is packed fully assembled.
I - Introduction
Your new SPARKY power tool will more than satisfy your expectations. It has been manufactured under
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CAUTION!
Carefully read through this entire Instruction Manual before using your new SPARKY power tool. Take
special care to heed the Cautions and Warnings. Your SPARKY power tool has many features that will
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Do not dispose of electrical products together with household waste!
Waste electrical products should not be disposed of with household waste. Please recycle
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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
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The plastic components are labelled for categorised recycling.
GUR 12S • Instruction Manual
pages-GUR 12S.indd 1
1
EN
17.3.2006 . 09:59:22
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS
The rating plate on your power tool may show symbols. These represent important information about the
product or instructions on its use.
Double insulated for
additional protection.
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safety standards.
EN
2
pages-GUR 12S.indd 2
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:22
II - Technical
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ELECTRICAL SAFETY
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III - Safety instructions
WARNING: Read all instructions.
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The term “power tool” in all of the warnings listed
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power tool.
Save these instructions!
WORK AREA
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to lose control.
Instruction Manual
pages-GUR 12S.indd 3
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surfaces such as pipes, radiators, ranges and
refrigerators. There is an increased risk of electric shock if your body is earthed or grounded.
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the risk of electric shock.
PERSONAL SAFETY
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common sense when operating a power tool.
Do not use a power tool while you are tired or
under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication. A moment of inattention while operating
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the power tool in unexpected situations.
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dust extraction and collection facilities, ensure
these are connected and properly used. Use of
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POWER TOOL USE AND CARE
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accidents.
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manufacturer. A charger that is suitable for one
type of battery pack may create a risk of fire
when used with another battery pack.
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that can make a connection from one terminal
to another. Shorting the battery terminals together may cause burns or a fire.
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IURP WKH EDWWHU\ DYRLG FRQWDFW ,I FRQWDFW DFcidentally occurs, flush with water. If liquid conWDFWVH\HVDGGLWLRQDOO\VHHNPHGLFDOKHOS/LT-
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or burns.
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power tool for your application. The correct
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rate for which it was designed.
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turn it on and off. Any power tool that cannot
be controlled with the switch is dangerous and
must be repaired.
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VRXUFHEHIRUHPDNLQJDQ\DGMXVWPHQWVFKDQJing accessories, or storing power tools. Such
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starting the power tool accidentally.
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the power tool or these instructions to operate
the power tool. Power tools are dangerous in
the hands of untrained users.
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and any other condition that may affect the
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power tool repaired before use. Many accidents
are caused by poorly maintained power tools.
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maintained cutting tools with sharp cutting edges are less likely to bind and are easier to control.
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etc., in accordance with these instructions and
in the manner intended for the particular type
of power tool, taking into account the working
conditions and the work to be performed. Use
of the power tool for operations, different from
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situation.
SERVICE
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repair person using only identical replacement
parts. This will ensure that the safety of the
power tool is maintained.
IV - Additional safety rules
for impact wrenches
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screws may contact hidden wiring. Contact with
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plugged into an electrical outlet. Always set the
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V - Additional instructions
for work with the
charger
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and battery pack as well as the instructions on
using the battery pack.
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charger is designed for indoor use only.
CAUTION: If the battery pack is
cracked or damaged in any other way, do not
insert it in the charger. There is a danger of
electric shock.
WARNING: Do not allow any liquid to
come into contact with the charger. There is a
danger of electric shock.
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than charging the exact type of SPARKY rechargeable battery pack as supplied with the
charger. Any other use may result in the risk of
fire or electric shock.
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are specifically designed to work together. Do
not attempt to charge the battery pack with any
other charger than the one supplied.
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charger near any heat source.
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shock.
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immediately. Take the charger to an authorised
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DXWKRULVHGVHUYLFHFHQWUHZKHQVHUYLFHRUUHpair is required. Incorrect re-assembly may result in the risk of fire or electric shock.
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the charger from the power supply before atWHPSWLQJWRFOHDQLW5HPRYLQJWKHEDWWHU\SDFN
alone does not reduce the risk.
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unplug the charger from the mains supply and
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you can charge a second battery pack.
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plugged in to the power supply, the exposed
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to, steel wool, aluminium foil, or any build-up
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VI - Additional instructions
for work with the
battery pack
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in a low charge condition. You should charge
the battery pack fully before use.
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warm to touch while charging. This is a normal
condition, and does not indicate a problem.
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packs in direct sunlight in hot weather or near
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cells may occur under extreme usage or temperature conditions. This does not indicate a
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- Wash quickly with soap and water.
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- If battery liquid gets into your eyes, flush them
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the charging procedure. You may also charge
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seriously damaged or can no longer hold a
charge. The battery pack can explode in a fire.
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or an uninsulated trailer.
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the battery pack for any reason. If the plastic
housing of the battery pack breaks or cracks,
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one supplied with tool or a replacement pack
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SDFN,WZLOOUXLQ\RXUWRRODQGPD\FUHDWHDKD]ardous condition.
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chargers.
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:23
ƒ 7KHEDWWHU\SDFNXWLOL]HVQLFNHOFDGPLXPFHOOV
Cadmium is considered to be a toxic material.
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municipal waste disposal centre to dispose of a
damaged or worn out battery.
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WKDW VKRZQ RQ WKH FKDUJHU VSHFL¿FDWLRQ SODWH
Connect charger to power source. The orange
OLJKW$Fig. 2, should light up. This indicates the
charger is ready to begin charging.
FITTING OR REMOVING
THE BATTERY PACK
Position battery pack on charger; align rails
Fig. 2, D RQ EDWWHU\ FKDUJHU ZLWK IRXU WDEV
Fig. 3, ERQEDWWHU\SDFN6OLGHEDWWHU\IRUZDUG
onto charger until it stops.
7RUHPRYHEDWWHU\SDFN'HSUHVVWKHEDWWHU\UHlease button and pull battery pack out of tool.
7RLQVWDOOEDWWHU\SDFN3XVKEDWWHU\SDFNRQWRWRRO
XQWLOLWORFNVLQSODFHFig. 1
Figure 1
INSTRUCTIONS FOR BATTERY CHARGING:
1. Press down on the battery pack to make sure
the battery contacts are properly engaged with
the charger contacts. The red light should ignite. Red light indicates fast charging mode. If
the red light is flashing, the battery pack is fully
discharged or hot. If the battery pack is hot, the
red light will stop flashing and glow once the
battery pack has cooled down. If the battery
pack is fully discharged, the red light should
JORZDIWHUYROWDJHKDVLQFUHDVHGQRUPDOO\DSSUR[LPDWHO\IRUPLQXWHV,IDIWHURQHKRXUWKH
red light is still flashing, the battery pack is deIHFWLYHDQGVKRXOGEHUHSODFHG7KHJUHHQOLJKW
indicates that the battery pack is fully charged
or it is in slow charging mode to maintain batWHU\SDFNFKDUJHOHYHO,IWKH\HOORZOLJKWJORZV
and the red light flashes, the battery is defecWLYH5HWXUQEDWWHU\SDFNWRSODFHRISXUFKDVH
2. After your battery pack is fully charged, the red
OLJKWZLOOWXUQ2))DQGWKHJUHHQOLJKWZLOOFRPHRQ
3. After normal use, the battery pack will require
one hour of charging before it will be fully
charged. A completely discharged battery will
require 1½ hours in order to be fully charged.
4. The battery pack will become a little warm while
charging. This is normal and does not indicate
a problem.
5. Do not place the charger in an extremely hot or
cold place. It will work best at room temperature.
EN
6
pages-GUR 12S.indd 6
7KHUHGOLJKWFig. 2, BVKRXOGEHJLQWRJORZFRQWLQXRXVO\LQGLFDWLQJWKDWWKHEDWWHU\SDFNLVUHFHLYLQJD³)DVW&KDUJH´$IWHUDSSUR[LPDWHO\RQHKRXU
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out indicating that the battery pack is fully charged
and that the charger is now in a “Trickle Charge”
PRGHJUHHQOLJKW7KHEDWWHU\SDFNFDQEHOHIWRQ
“Trickle Charge” until you are ready to use it.
CAUTION: When inserting battery
SDFNRQWRFKDUJHULIWKHRUDQJHOLJKWFig. 2, A
VWDUWVWREOLQNDQGWKHJUHHQOLJKWFig. 2, CEHgins to glow, indicating maybe battery temperaWXUHLVWRRKLJKRUWKHEDWWHU\YROWDJHLVWRRORZ
SOHDVHOHDYHEDWWHU\SDFNRQFKDUJHULWZLOOEH
charged automatically when battery temperaWXUHLVEHWZHHQž)ž&DQGž)ž&
RU EDWWHU\ YROWDJH EHFRPHV QRUPDO 7KHQ WKH
red light (Fig. 2, B) should begin to glow continuously, and the green light will turn off.
'HSHQGLQJ RQ URRP WHPSHUDWXUH OLQH YROWDJH
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may take longer than one hour.
Disconnect charger from power source when not
in use.
Figure 2
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:24
2. Depress the detent pin through the hole, and
pull the socket off.
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Figure 3
IMPORTANT INFORMATION FOR
RECHARGING HOT BATTERIES
:KHQ XVLQJ \RXU FRUGOHVV DQJOH GULOOGULYHU FRQtinuously, the batteries in your battery pack will
become hot. You should let a hot battery pack
FRRO GRZQ IRU DSSUR[LPDWHO\ PLQXWHV EHIRUH
attempting to recharge. When the battery pack
becomes discharged and is hot, the red light on
WKHFKDUJHUZLOOÀDVK:KHQWKHEDWWHU\SDFNFRROV
down, the red light will glow continuously to indicate fast charging mode, 1-hour charge time.
CAUTION: When using the hex
adapter and any of the hex bits supplied with
WKHPDFKLQHLIWKHJXLGHVOHHYHGRHVQRWUHWXUQ
to its original position, then the bit is not installed
properly.
CAUTION: Always set the switch to off
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NOTE. This will occur when continuous use of
your tool causes the battery pack to become hot.
It does not occur under normal conditions.
Figure 4
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4. Socket
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VIII - Operation
FORWARD / REVERSE SWITCH
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by pushing the R-side of the push button. The
/VLGHRIWKHSXVKEXWWRQLVSXVKHGWRWXUQWKHELW
FRXQWHUFORFNZLVHFig. 5
CAUTION: The push button can not be
switched while the drill is turning. To switch the
push button, stop the machine and then set the
push button.
SWITCH OPERATION
7R WXUQ WKH PDFKLQH RQ VTXHH]H WKH WULJJHU
switch. To turn the machine off, release the trigger switch.
2. Your power tool is equipped with a brake. The
tool will stop as soon as the trigger switch is fully
UHOHDVHG7KHIDUWKHU\RXVTXHH]HWKHWULJJHU
the faster the tool will operate.
INSTALLING / REMOVING
THE IMPACT SOCKET
Figure 5
1. Align the hole in the side of the socket; put it
RQWRWKHDQYLORIWKHWRROXQWLOLWORFNVLQWRSODFH
Fig. 4
Instruction Manual
pages-GUR 12S.indd 7
7
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:24
BRUSH REPLACEMENT
&RPSOHWHO\XQVFUHZWKHFDSFig. 6, A
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3. Worn brushes should be replaced in the same
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4. Re-fasten the cap.
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allow it to run for a few minutes to enable the
brushes to settle.
The type of material and surIDFH¿QLVKRIWKHPDWHULDOZLOO
affect fastening torque.
/RQJHUIDVWHQLQJWLPHUHVXOWV
in increased fastening torque.
Using a longer fastening
)DVWHQLQJWLPH time than recommended
could cause the screws to
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damaged.
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based on a standard bolt and resist high tension bolt
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Figure 6
OPERATING THE WRENCH
1. Resting the unit after continuous operation.
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tool for 15 minutes or so to rest when replacing the battery. The temperature of the motor,
switch, etc., will rise if operation is started again
LPPHGLDWHO\DIWHUEDWWHU\UHSODFHPHQWHYHQWXally resulting in burnout.
3ODFH WKH SRLQW RI WKH GULYHU ELW LQ WKH VFUHZ
head. Keep the tool pointed straight at the
screw.
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bit from slipping off the screw.
4. Turn the power tool on to start operation.
Always check torque with a torque wrench, as
the fastening torque is affected by many factors
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Variable speed
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8
pages-GUR 12S.indd 8
/RZYROWDJHGXHWRDQHDUO\
discharged battery, will reduce the fastening torque.
)DLOXUHWRXVHWKHFRUUHFWELW
RUVRFNHWVL]HZLOOFDXVHD
reduction in fastening torque.
Operating the tool at a
reduced speed will decrease
the fastening torque.
/DUJHUEROWGLDPHWHUVJHQHUally require higher fastening
WRUTXH)DVWHQLQJWRUTXHZLOO
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Figure 7
Figure 8
CAUTION: Metal case can get hot during
continuous operation.
1. Cautions on use of the speed control switch.
This switch has a built-in electronic circuit that
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when the switch trigger is pressed only slightly
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GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:25
2. Tightening torque.
5HIHUWRFig. 7 & 8), please use this example
as a general reference as tightening torque will
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CAUTION: 2YHUWLJKWHQLQJFDQUHVXOWLQ
the screw breaking or damage to the end of the
GULYHUELW
1. If a long striking time is used, screws will be
strongly tightened. This may cause the screw to
break, or may damage the end of the bit.
2. If the machine is held at an angle to the screw
being tightened, the head of the screw may
be damaged, or the specified torque may not
be transmitted to the screw. Always keep the
machine and the screw being tightened in a
straight line.
ACCESSORIES
Recommended accessories for use with your
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63$5.<VHUYLFHFHQWUH
X - Warranty
The guarantee period for SPARKY power tools is
determined in the guarantee card.
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)DXOWVGXHWRGHIHFWLYHPDWHULDOVLPSOHPHQWHGDV
well as defects in workmanship will be corrected
free of charge through replacement or repair.
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initial condition.
IX - Maintenance
CLEANING
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Wear safety glasses while performing this.
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damp cloth and mild detergent.
CAUTION: Although exterior plastic
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Charger Cleaning Instructions
ƒ 'LUWDQGJUHDVHPD\EHUHPRYHGIURPWKHH[WHrior of the charger using a cloth or soft non-metallic brush. Do not use water or any cleaning
solutions.
CAUTION: Disconnect the charger
from the AC outlet before cleaning.
Notes
Carefully read the entire Instruction Manual before
using this product.
CAUTION: Toassureproductsafetyand
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LQFOXGLQJ EUXVK LQVSHFWLRQ DQG UHSODFHPHQW
VKRXOG EH SHUIRUPHG E\ FHUWLILHG VHUYLFH
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always using identical replacement parts.
Instruction Manual
pages-GUR 12S.indd 9
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Inhalt
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IX - Wartung ......................................................................................................................................... 19
X - Garantie ......................................................................................................................................... AUSVERPACKEN
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Table
des matières
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I - Introduction .....................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................... 21
1
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IV - Additional
safety rules for impact wrenches..................................................................................24
3
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...................................................................... 24
V - Additional
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VI - Additional
instructions for work with the battery pack
..................................................................25
4
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Operation ........................................................................................................................................
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IX - Maintenance
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X - Warranty
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I - Introduction
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pages-GUR 12S.indd 21
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:30
VIII - Consignes de travail
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Instructions d’utilisation
pages-GUR 12S.indd 29
29
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:31
IX - Entretien
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:31
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, ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ..................................................................................................................................... 31
,, Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ.................................................................................................................. 33
,,, ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ.......................................... 33
,9 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɟɝɚɣɤɨɜɟɪɬɚɯ................................... 34
9 Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɡɚɪɹɞɧɵɦɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦ .................................... 35
9, Ⱦɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɛɚɬɚɪɟɟɣ ............................................................. 9,, Ɂɧɚɤɨɦɫɬɜɨɫɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ.................................................................................. $
9,,, ɍɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɩɨɪɚɛɨɬɟ.................................................................................................................... ,; Ɉɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ............................................................................................................................. ; Ƚɚɪɚɧɬɢɹ.........................................................................................................................................41
ɊȺɋɉȺɄɈȼɄȺ
ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɫ ɨɛɳɟɩɪɢɧɹɬɨɣ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɦɚɥɨ ɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨ ɱɬɨ ȼɚɲ ɧɨɜɵɣ
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ɟɫɥɢȼɵɡɚɦɟɬɢɬɟɧɟɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɹɧɟɧɚɱɢɧɚɣɬɟɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶɫɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦɞɨɬɟɯɩɨɪ
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ɋȻɈɊɄȺ
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ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ
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ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɦɢɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɭɩɪɨɫɬɹɬȼɚɲɭɪɚɛɨɬɭɉɪɢɟɟɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɟɧɚɢɛɨɥɶɲɟɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɨɧɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɢɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɶɱɬɨɭɩɪɨɳɚɟɬɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭɢɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɸɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɇɟɜɵɤɢɞɵɜɚɣɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɢɡɞɟɥɢɣɜɦɟɫɬɟɫɨɛɵɱɧɵɦɦɭɫɨɪɨɦ
Ɉɬɯɨɞɵɨɬɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɢɡɞɟɥɢɣɧɟɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɫɨɛɢɪɚɬɶɜɦɟɫɬɟɫɛɵɬɨɜɵɦɢɨɬɯɨɞɚɦɢ
ɉɨɠɚɥɭɣɫɬɚɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɭɣɬɟɜɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯɞɥɹɷɬɨɝɨɦɟɫɬɚɯɋɜɹɠɢɬɟɫɶɫɦɟɫɬɧɵɦɢɜɥɚɫɬɹɦɢɢɥɢɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɦɞɥɹɤɨɧɫɭɥɶɬɚɰɢɢɤɚɫɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɈɏɊȺɇȺɈɄɊɍɀȺɘɓȿɃɋɊȿȾɖȱ
ɋ ɭɱɟɬɨɦ ɨɯɪɚɧɵ ɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣ ɫɪɟɞɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɭɩɚɤɨɜɤɚ
ɞɨɥɠɧɵɩɨɞɜɟɪɝɧɭɬɶɫɹɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɣɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɟɞɥɹɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨɝɨɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɝɨɫɹɜɧɢɯɫɵɪɶɹȾɥɹɨɛɥɟɝɱɟɧɢɹɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹɞɟɬɚɥɟɣɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɯɢɡɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜɨɧɢɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɵɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ
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ɈɉɂɋȺɇɂȿɋɂɆȼɈɅɈȼ
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Ⱦɜɨɣɧɚɹɢɡɨɥɹɰɢɹɜɰɟɥɹɯ
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɡɚɳɢɬɵ
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɢɦ
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ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɸ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɬɨɤɨɦ ɩɨɠɚɪɭ
ɢɢɥɢ ɞɪ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɦɭ ɢɧɰɢɞɟɧɬɭ ɍɩɨɦɢɧɚɟɦɵɣ ɞɚɥɟɟ ɬɟɪɦɢɧ ³ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ´
ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ ɤ ȼɚɲɟɦɭ ɩɢɬɚɟɦɨɦɭ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɟɣ
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ɊȺȻɈɑȿȿɆȿɋɌɈ
ƒ ɋɨɞɟɪɠɢɬɟɪɚɛɨɱɟɟɦɟɫɬɨɜɱɢɫɬɨɬɟɯɨɪɨɲɨɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɧɵɦȻɟɫɩɨɪɹɞɨɤɢɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɟ ɨɫɜɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ
ɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɵɥɤɚɦɢɬɪɭɞɨɜɵɯɢɧɰɢɞɟɧɬɨɜ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɜɨ
ɜɡɪɵɜɨɨɩɚɫɧɨɣɫɪɟɞɟɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɜɩɪɢɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ ɝɚɡɨɜ
ɢɥɢ ɩɵɥɢ ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɸɬ
ɢɫɤɪɵɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɦɨɝɭɬɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɢɬɶɩɚɪɵɢ
ɩɵɥɶ
ƒ ɇɟɩɨɞɩɭɫɤɚɣɬɟɧɚɛɥɢɡɤɨɟɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɞɟɬɟɣ ɢ ɩɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɧɢɯ ɥɢɰ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦȼɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟɪɚɫɫɟɢɜɚɧɢɹɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɚɩɨɬɟɪɹɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹɫȼɚɲɟɣ
ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ
ɗɅȿɄɌɊɂɑȿɋɄȺəȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌɖ
ƒ ɂɡɛɟɝɚɣɬɟ ɫɨɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ ȼɚɲɟɝɨ ɬɟɥɚ
ɫ ɡɚɡɟɦɥɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɦɢ ɜɨɞɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɵɯɬɪɭɛɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɨɜɤɭɯɨɧɧɵɯɩɥɢɬɢ
ɯɨɥɨɞɢɥɶɧɢɤɨɜɬɤɜɷɬɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬɫɹɪɢɫɤɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦ
ƒ ɇɟ ɩɨɞɜɟɪɝɚɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɸɞɨɠɞɹɢɜɥɚɝɢɉɪɨɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟɜ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɜɨɞɵ ɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦ
ɅɂɑɇȺəȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌɖ
ƒ ɉɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɣɬɟɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɧɨɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɢɩɨɫɬɭɩɚɣɬɟ
ɨɛɞɭɦɚɧɧɨ ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɟɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɭɫɬɚɥɢ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɟɫɶ
ɩɨɞ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟɦ ɧɚɪɤɨɬɢɤɨɜ ɚɥɤɨɝɨɥɹ ɢɥɢ
ɦɟɞɢɤɚɦɟɧɬɨɜ Ɇɨɦɟɧɬɧɨɟ ɧɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ
ɩɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɫ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɤ ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ
ɬɪɚɜɦɟ
ƒ ɉɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɶ ɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɦɢɡɚɳɢɬɵȼɫɟɝɞɚɧɨɫɢɬɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟɨɱɤɢ
ɂɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɬɚɤɢɟ
ɤɚɤɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɦɚɫɤɚɩɪɨɬɢɜɩɵɥɢɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɡɤɚɹɨɛɭɜɶɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɣɲɥɟɦɢɥɢɚɧɬɢɮɨɧɵ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟɜɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢɨɬɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɣ
ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ ɫɧɢɠɚɸɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣɬɪɚɜɦɵ
ƒ ɇɟ ɩɪɨɬɹɝɢɜɚɣɬɟɫɶ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɣɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɬɟɥɚɜɬɟɱɟɧɢɟɪɚɛɨɬɵɗɬɨ
ɭɥɭɱɲɚɟɬ ɦɚɧɢɩɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦɜɧɟɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɧɵɯɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɹɯ
ƒ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɭɸ ɪɚɛɨɱɭɸ ɨɞɟɠɞɭɇɟɧɚɞɟɜɚɣɬɟɲɢɪɨɤɭɸɨɞɟɠɞɭɢɥɢɭɤɪɚɲɟɧɢɹ Ⱦɟɪɠɢɬɟ ɫɜɨɢ ɜɨɥɨɫɵ ɨɞɟɠɞɭ ɢ
ɩɟɪɱɚɬɤɢ ɧɚ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɦ ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɨɬ
ɜɪɚɳɚɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɟɣ ɒɢɪɨɤɚɹ ɨɞɟɠɞɚ
33
RU
17.3.2006 . 09:59:32
ɭɤɪɚɲɟɧɢɹɢɥɢɞɥɢɧɧɵɟɜɨɥɨɫɵɦɨɝɭɬɩɨɩɚɫɬɶɜɞɜɢɠɭɳɢɟɫɹɱɚɫɬɢ
ƒ ȿɫɥɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɫɧɚɛɠɟɧ ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟɦɞɥɹɩɵɥɢɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɶɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɭɸ ɫɛɨɪɤɭ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɉɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ
ɬɚɤɢɯ ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɣ ɩɨɧɢɠɚɟɬ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟɫɩɵɥɶɸɪɢɫɤɢ
ɗɄɋɉɅɍȺɌȺɐɂəɂɍɏɈȾɁȺ
ɗɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌȺɆɂ
ƒ ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶ ɱɬɨ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ
ɜ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ©ɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧª ɩɟɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ
ɜɫɬɚɜɢɬɶ ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɭɸ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɨɣ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɜɨ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɨɦɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɵɥɤɨɣɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹɢɧɰɢɞɟɧɬɚ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɹɠɚɣɬɟɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɵɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɬɨɥɶɤɨ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɨɜɚɧɧɨɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɟɦ
ɍɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɞɥɹɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ
ɞɥɹ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɜɢɞɨɜ ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɵɯ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɣ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶ ɩɨɠɚɪ ɟɫɥɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹɫɧɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɣɞɥɹɧɢɯɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɨɣɛɚɬɚɪɟɟɣ
ƒ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵɬɨɥɶɤɨɫɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɦɢɞɥɹɧɢɯɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɵɦɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɹɦɢɍɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɟɞɪɭɝɢɯɜɢɞɨɜɛɚɬɚɪɟɣ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɤ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɭ
ɢɧɰɢɞɟɧɬɭɢɩɨɠɚɪɭ
ƒ ȼɩɟɪɢɨɞɵɤɨɝɞɚȼɵɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɟɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɭɸɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɟɟɜɞɚɥɢɨɬɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɯɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɜɬɚɤɢɯɤɚɤɫɤɪɟɩɤɢ
ɦɨɧɟɬɵɤɥɸɱɢɝɜɨɡɞɢɜɢɧɬɵɢɬɞɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɦɨɝɭɬ ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶ ɤɨɪɨɬɤɨɟ ɡɚɦɵɤɚɧɢɟ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ Ʉɨɪɨɬɤɨɟ ɡɚɦɵɤɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɢɤɨɜ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɦɨɠɟɬɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɨɠɨɝɚɦɢɥɢɩɨɠɚɪɭ
ƒ ɉɪɢ ɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɦ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɢ ɢɡ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɜɵɬɟɤɚɬɶ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶ ɂɡɛɟɝɚɣɬɟ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚ ɫ ɷɬɨɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶɸ ɚ ɟɫɥɢ ɷɬɨ
ɜɫɟɬɚɤɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɨɣɞɟɬ ɨɛɢɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɨɦɨɣɬɟ
ɡɚɝɪɹɡɧɟɧɧɨɟɦɟɫɬɨɜɨɞɨɣȼɫɥɭɱɚɟɩɨɩɚɞɚɧɢɹ ɚɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɨɣ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɝɥɚɡɚ
ɨɛɪɚɬɢɬɟɫɶɤɜɪɚɱɭɬɤɷɬɚɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶɦɨɠɟɬ
ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶɜɨɫɩɚɥɟɧɢɹɢɨɠɨɝɢ
ƒ ɇɟɩɟɪɟɝɪɭɠɚɣɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɉɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɶɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɦɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ
ɩɪɢ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɞɨɛɪɚɧɧɵɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɥɭɱɲɟɢɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɟɣɜɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɟ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɨɣɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɟɫɥɢ
ɟɝɨɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɟɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɧɟɥɶɡɹ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹɨɩɚɫɟɧɢɩɨɞɥɟɠɢɬ
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ƒ ȼɵɧɶɬɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɩɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ
ɤɚɤɢɟɥɢɛɨ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɡɚɦɟɧɭ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɟɣɢɥɢɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
Ɍɚɤɢɟɦɟɪɵɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɫɧɢɠɚɸɬɪɢɫɤɧɟɜɨɥɶɧɨɝɨɩɭɫɤɚ
ƒ ȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɩɟɪɟɪɵɜɨɜɜɪɚɛɨɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɢɯɜɧɟɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɨɦɞɥɹɞɟɬɟɣɦɟɫɬɟɢɧɟɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɣɬɟɥɢɰɚɦɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɧɟɡɧɚɤɨɦɵɫɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦɢɥɢɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɣɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɟɣɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶɫɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɨɩɚɫ
ɧɵ ɜ ɪɭɤɚɯ ɧɟɨɛɭɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɟɣ
ƒ ɉɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɣɬɟɭɯɨɞɡɚɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɉɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɭɸɬ ɥɢ ɟɝɨ
ɞɜɢɠɭɳɢɟɫɹɱɚɫɬɢɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɨɢɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨ
ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɢɯ ɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɱɚɫɬɟɣ ɚ
ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɫɟ ɢɧɵɟ ɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɦɨɝɥɢ ɛɵ ɧɟɛɥɚɝɨɩɪɢɹɬɧɨ ɩɨɜɥɢɹɬɶ ɧɚ
ɪɚɛɨɬɭ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɩɨɥɨɦɤɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɨɬɪɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɩɟɪɟɞɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɢɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦɉɥɨɯɨɟɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɱɢɫɥɚɢɧɰɢɞɟɧɬɨɜ
ƒ ɉɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɣɬɟɪɟɠɭɳɢɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵɨɫɬɪɵɦɢ ɢ ɱɢɫɬɵɦɢ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɧɵɟɢɨɫɬɪɵɟɪɟɠɭɳɢɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵɪɟɞɤɨ
ɛɥɨɤɢɪɭɸɬɢɥɟɝɱɟɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ
ƒ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɟɝɨ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɱɢɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɜ
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɫ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɢɦɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɦɢ
ɢɦɟɬɨɞɨɦɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɵɦɞɥɹɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɢɫɯɨɞɹ ɢɡ
ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɦɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɧɟɩɨɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɸɦɨɠɟɬ
ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɨɩɚɫɧɨɣɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ
ɋȿɊȼɂɁɇɈȿɈȻɋɅɍɀɂȼȺɇɂȿ
ƒ Ɋɟɦɨɧɬ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬɨɦ ɫ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɡɚɩɚɫɧɵɯ
ɱɚɫɬɟɣɌɚɤɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɚɹɪɚɛɨɬɚɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
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ƒ Ⱦɟɪɠɢɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɡɚ ɢɡɨɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɟɦɵɣ
ɛɨɥɬ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɞɨɫɬɢɱɶ ɫɤɪɵɬɨɣ ɨɬ ɝɥɚɡ ɷɥɟɤ-
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:32
ɬɪɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɤɢɉɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɟɤɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɤɟɩɨɞɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟɦɱɟɪɟɡɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɬ ɤ
ɭɞɚɪɭɬɨɤɨɦɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ƒ ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɩɨɦɧɢɬɶɱɬɨɞɚɧɧɵɣɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɜɫɟɝɞɚɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹɜɪɚɛɨɱɟɦɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɬɤ ɧɟɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ
ɟɝɨ ɜ ɫɟɬɶ ɉɪɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɟ ɢɥɢ ɭɞɚɥɟɧɢɢ
ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɜɫɟɝɞɚɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɣɬɟɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɜɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ³ȼɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ´
9DzȜȝȜșțȖȠȓșȪțȩȓ
ȝȞȎȐȖșȎȞȎȏȜȠȩ
ȕȎȞȭȒțȜȑȜȡȟȠȞȜȗȟȠȐȎ
ƒ ɉɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɩɪɢɫɬɭɩɢɬɶɤɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɸ
ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɩɪɨɱɬɢɬɟ ɜɫɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɢɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ
ɧɚ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɢ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɪɚɛɨɬɵɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɹɠɚɣɬɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɬɨɥɶɤɨɜɡɚɤɪɵɬɵɯɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɹɯɬɤɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɧɟɩɪɟɞ
ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɜɧɟ ɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɣ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿȿɫɥɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɹɬɪɟɫɧɭɥɚ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɚ ɞɪɭɝɢɦ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɦ ɧɟ
ɜɫɬɚɜɥɹɣɬɟ ɟɟ ɜ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɋɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ ɭɞɚɪɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ
ɬɨɤɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɨɩɚɞɚɧɢɟ ɥɸɛɨɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɟɣ ɜ
ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɬɤɷɬɨɦɨɠɟɬɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɭɞɚɪɭ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɨ ɞɥɹ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ ɧɚ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɟ 63$5.<
ɜɯɨɞɹɳɟɣ ɜ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɢ ɇɟɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɤ
ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹɩɨɠɚɪɚɢɥɢɭɞɚɪɚɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɬɨɤɚ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɢ ɜɯɨɞɹɳɚɹ ɜ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɹɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵɞɥɹ
ɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɇɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɬɢɦɨ ɡɚɪɹɠɚɬɶ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ ɞɪɭɝɢɦ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɵɦ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦɤɪɨɦɟɜɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɢ
ƒ ɇɟ ɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɧɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɤɚɤɢɟ
ɥɢɛɨɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɵɬɤɷɬɨɦɨɠɟɬɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤ
ɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɜɭɇɟɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɣɬɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜɛɥɢɡɢɥɸɛɵɯɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜɬɟɩɥɚ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
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ƒ ɇɟ ɞɟɪɝɚɣɬɟ ɲɧɭɪ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ɱɬɨɛɵɨɬɤɥɸɱɢɬɶɟɝɨɨɬɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢ
ƒ ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶ ɱɬɨ ɲɧɭɪ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɬɚɤɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦɱɬɨɛɵɟɝɨɧɟɥɶɡɹ
ɛɵɥɨ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɢɬɶ ɫɩɨɬɵɤɚɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɧɟɝɨ ɢɥɢ
ɩɨɞɜɟɪɝɚɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɚɦ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɭɞɥɢɧɢɬɟɥɢ ɤɪɨɦɟ ɫɥɭɱɚɟɜɤɨɝɞɚɷɬɨɤɪɚɣɧɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɍɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɟ ɧɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨ ɭɞɥɢɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶ ɩɨɠɚɪ ɢɥɢ ɭɞɚɪ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ
ɬɨɤɨɦ
ƒ ɇɟ ɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɶ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɵɦ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦ
ɟɫɥɢɨɧɨɛɵɥɨɩɨɞɜɟɪɠɟɧɨɫɢɥɶɧɨɦɭɭɞɚɪɭ
ɜɵɪɨɧɟɧɨ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɨ ɞɪɭɝɢɦ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɦɇɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɟɫɥɢɟɝɨɲɧɭɪɢɥɢɲɬɟɩɫɟɥɶɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɵ
ɢɯ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɧɟɦɟɞɥɟɧɧɨ ɡɚɦɟɧɢɬɶ ȼ
ɷɬɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɜɨɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɶɭɫɥɭɝɚɦɢɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨɫɟɪɜɢɡɚɞɥɹɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ
ɨɫɦɨɬɪɚɢɥɢɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ
ƒ ɇɟɪɚɡɛɢɪɚɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨȼɫɥɭɱɚɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢɜɪɟɦɨɧɬɟɨɛɪɚɬɢɬɟɫɶ
ɜɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣɫɟɪɜɢɡɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɚɹɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɚɹɫɛɨɪɤɚɦɨɠɟɬɜɵɡɜɚɬɶɩɨɠɚɪ
ɢɥɢɭɞɚɪɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦ
ƒ ȼɰɟɥɹɯɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɭɞɚɪɚ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɬɨɤɨɦɨɬɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɬɫɟɬɢɩɟɪɟɞɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟɦɟɝɨ
ɱɢɫɬɤɢɍɞɚɥɟɧɢɟɬɨɥɶɤɨɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɧɟɫɧɢɠɚɟɬɷɬɭɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
ƒ ɇɢɤɨɝɞɚ ɧɟ ɩɵɬɚɣɬɟɫɶ ɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɶ ɞɜɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɵɯɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ
ƒ Ⱦɚɧɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɨ ɞɥɹ
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢ ± 9 ɇɟ
ɩɵɬɚɣɬɟɫɶ ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɶɫɞɪɭɝɢɦɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟɦ
ƒ ȿɫɥɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɥɚ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɡɚɪɹɞɢɬɶ
ɜɬɨɪɭɸ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ ɨɬɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɬɫɟɬɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɢɬɚɧɢɹɢɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɟɝɨ ɨɯɥɚɞɢɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɦɢɧɢɦɭɦ ɦɢɧɭɬɉɨɢɫɬɟɱɟɧɢɸɷɬɨɝɨɩɟɪɢɨɞɚɦɨɠɧɨ
ɡɚɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɭɸɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ
ƒ ɉɪɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ ɟɫɥɢ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɨɜɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ
ɫɟɬɶɥɸɛɨɣɱɭɠɨɣɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɦɨɠɟɬɜɵɡɜɚɬɶ
ɤɨɪɨɬɤɨɟ ɡɚɦɵɤɚɧɢɟ ɜ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɯ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɚɯ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɇɟɞɨɩɭɫɬɢɦɨ ɩɨɩɚɞɚɧɢɟ ɜ ɩɨɥɨɫɬɢ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɹɳɢɯ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦɢ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɧɨ ɧɟ
ɬɨɥɶɤɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɚɹɜɚɬɚɚɥɸɦɢɧɢɟɜɚɹɮɨɥɶɝɚ ɢɥɢ ɥɸɛɨɣ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɣɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɱɚɫɬɢɰɵȼɫɟɝɞɚɤɨɝɞɚ
ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɨɬɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ
ɨɬɤɥɸɱɚɣɬɟɟɝɨɨɬɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢɈɬɤɥɸɱɚɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɩɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɩɪɨɜɟɫɬɢɟɝɨɱɢɫɬɤɭ
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ƒ ɇɟɡɚɦɨɪɚɠɢɜɚɣɬɟɢɧɟɩɨɝɪɭɠɚɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɜɨɞɭ ɢɥɢ ɞɪɭɝɭɸ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶ
9,DzȜȝȜșțȖȠȓșȪțȩȓ
ȝȞȎȐȖșȎȞȎȏȜȠȩ
ȏȎȠȎȞȓȖ
ƒ Ȼɚɬɚɪɟɹɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɜɦɨɦɟɧɬɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɢɡɚɪɹɠɟɧɚɧɟɞɨɤɨɧɰɚȿɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ
ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɡɚɪɹɞɢɬɶ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ƒ ɇɟɡɚɪɹɠɚɣɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɜɨɜɥɚɠɧɨɣɢɥɢɦɨɤɪɨɣɫɪɟɞɟ
ƒ Ɇɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɚɹɞɨɥɝɨɜɟɱɧɨɫɬɶɢɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɢɟɫɥɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɹɡɚɪɹɠɚɟɬɫɹɩɪɢɤɨɦɧɚɬɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ ž)±ž) ž&±ž&
ɇɟ ɡɚɪɹɠɚɣɬɟ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ ɩɪɢ ɤɨɦɧɚɬɧɨɣ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟɧɢɠɟž)ž&ɢɥɢɜɵɲɟ
ž)ž&ɗɬɨɭɫɥɨɜɢɟɢɦɟɟɬɛɨɥɶɲɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɵɥɤɨɣ
ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɵɯ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɣ
ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ
ƒ ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɢɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɧɟɦɧɨɝɨɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬɫɹɱɬɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɦ
ɢɧɟɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɨɧɚɥɢɱɢɢɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ
ƒ ȼɨ ɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɜɚ ɧɟ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɟ
ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɭɛɚɬɚɪɟɣɩɨɞɩɪɹɦɵɦɢɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɵɦɢɥɭɱɚɦɢɜɠɚɪɤɭɸɩɨɝɨɞɭɢɥɢɜɛɥɢɡɢ
ɬɟɩɥɨɜɵɯɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ
ƒ ɇɟɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɟɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɭɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɜɤɚɛɢɧɟ
ɢɥɢɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɟȻɚɬɚɪɟɹɞɨɥɠɧɚɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɹɜɯɨɪɨɲɨɩɪɨɜɟɬɪɢɜɚɟɦɨɦɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɢ
ƒ ȼ ɪɟɞɤɢɯ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ ɬɹɠɟɥɨɝɨ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ ɧɟɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ
ɩɪɨɬɟɤɚɧɢɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɗɬɨɧɟɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɨɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢȼɫɟɠɟɟɫɥɢɧɚɪɭɲɟɧɨɜɧɟɲɧɟɟ
ɭɩɥɨɬɧɟɧɢɟ ɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶ ɩɨɩɚɥɚ ɧɚ ȼɚɲɭ
ɤɨɠɭ
Ȼɵɫɬɪɨɫɦɨɣɬɟɟɟɜɨɞɨɣɫɦɵɥɨɦ
ɇɟɣɬɪɚɥɢɡɭɣɬɟ ɷɬɨ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɫɥɚɛɨɣ ɤɢɫɥɨɬɨɣɬɚɤɨɣɤɚɤɥɢɦɨɧɧɵɣɫɨɤɢɥɢɭɤɫɭɫ
ȿɫɥɢ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɩɨɩɚɥɚ ɜ ɝɥɚɡɚ
ɧɟɦɟɞɥɟɧɧɨɩɪɨɦɨɣɬɟɢɯɱɢɫɬɨɣɜɨɞɨɣɜ
ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟɦɢɧɦɢɧɭɬɢɫɪɚɡɭɠɟɨɛɪɚɬɢɬɟɫɶ ɡɚ ɦɟɞɢɰɢɧɫɤɨɣ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɉɪɢɦɟɱɚɧɢɟ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɝɢɞɪɨɨɤɢɫɢɤɚɥɢɹ
ƒ ȿɫɥɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɹɧɟɡɚɪɹɠɚɟɬɫɹɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɨ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟɧɚɥɢɱɢɟɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɹɜɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɟɜɤɥɸɱɢɜɥɚɦɩɭɢɥɢɫɩɨɦɨɳɶɸɮɚ-
RU
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ɡɨɦɟɬɪɚ
ɉɟɪɟɧɟɫɢɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ ɜ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɝɞɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣ ɫɪɟɞɵ ɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ž)±ž)
ž&±ž&
ȿɫɥɢ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɸɬɫɹ ɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɨɲɥɢɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɫ
ɛɚɬɚɪɟɟɣɢɡɚɪɹɞɧɵɦɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦɜɦɟɫɬɧɵɣɫɟɪɜɢɡ
ƒ Ȼɚɬɚɪɟɸɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɡɚɪɹɠɚɬɶɬɨɝɞɚɤɨɝɞɚ
ɨɧɚ ɩɟɪɟɫɬɚɟɬ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɭɸ
ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹɯ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɞɨ ɬɟɯ
ɩɨɪ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɥɢɫɶ ɫ ɥɟɝɤɨɫɬɶɸ ȼ ɷɬɨɦ
ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɈɋɌȺɇɈȼɂɌȿ ɊȺȻɈɌɍ ɢ ɧɚɱɧɢɬɟ
ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɭ ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ ɑɚɫɬɢɱɧɚɹ ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɚ ɢɡɪɚɫɯɨɞɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɶɫɹɜɥɸɛɨɟɜɪɟɦɹ
ƒ ɇɟɫɠɢɝɚɣɬɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɞɚɠɟɜɫɥɭɱɚɹɯɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɵɯɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɣɢɥɢɩɨɫɥɟɬɨɝɨɤɚɤɨɧɢ
ɭɠɟ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɡɚɪɹɠɚɬɶɫɹ Ȼɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ
ɜɡɨɪɜɚɬɶɫɹɩɨɞɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɦɨɝɧɹ
ƒ Ⱦɥɹɬɨɝɨɱɬɨɛɵɭɫɤɨɪɢɬɶɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɩɨɫɥɟɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɹɜɠɚɪɤɭɸɩɨɝɨɞɭ
ɢɡɛɟɝɚɣɬɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɢɥɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɩɨɞɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɧɚɜɟɫɨɦɢɥɢɜɦɚɲɢɧɟɛɟɡɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɣɢɡɨɥɹɰɢɢ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɇɢɤɨɝɞɚ ɧɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɣɬɟɩɨɩɵɬɤɢɨɬɤɪɵɬɶɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɩɨɤɚɤɢɦ
ɥɢɛɨ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɦ ȿɫɥɢ ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɫɨɜɵɣ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɫɥɨɦɚɧɢɥɢɬɪɟɫɧɭɥɩɪɟɞɚɣɬɟ
ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɜɫɟɪɜɢɡɞɥɹɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ
ɉȿɊȿȾ ȾȺ ɇȺɑȺɅɈɆ ɉɈȾɁȺɊəȾɄɂ ȻȺɌȺɊȿɂ ȼȺɒȿȽɈ ɗɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌȺ
ɉɊɈɑɌɂɌȿ ȼɋȿ ɂɇɋɌɊɍɄɐɂɂ ȼ ɊȺɁȾȿɅȿ
ɁȺɊəȾɇɈȽɈɍɋɌɊɈɃɋɌȼȺ
ƒ ȼɫɟɝɞɚ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɭɸ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ
63$5.<ɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɭɸɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɟɫɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦɢɥɢɡɚɩɚɫɧɭɸɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ
ɇɢɤɨɝɞɚɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɤɚɤɢɟɥɢɛɨɞɪɭɝɢɟ
ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɗɬɨɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɬɤɩɨɥɨɦɤɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɢɦɨɠɟɬɜɵɡɜɚɬɶɨɩɚɫɧɭɸɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɸ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɹɠɚɣɬɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɬɨɥɶɤɨɫɩɨɦɨɳɶɸɡɚɪɹɞɧɵɯɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ63$5.<
ƒ Ȼɚɬɚɪɟɹɫɨɫɬɨɢɬɢɡɧɢɤɟɥɶɤɚɞɦɢɟɜɵɯɤɥɟɬɨɤ Ʉɚɞɦɢɣ ɫɱɢɬɚɟɬɫɹ ɹɞɨɜɢɬɵɦ ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɇɟ ɜɵɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɣɬɟ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɜɦɟɫɬɟ ɫ
ɛɵɬɨɜɵɦɢ ɨɬɯɨɞɚɦɢ Ȼɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ
ɩɟɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɶɧɚɭɬɢɥɢɡɚɰɢɸɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɨɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɢɩɨɨɯɪɚɧɟɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣɫɪɟɞɵ
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:32
Ⱦ
Ⱦ
ɍ
ɄȺɄȼɕɇɂɆȺɌɖɂȼɋɌȺȼɅəɌɖ
ȻȺɌȺɊȿɂ
Ⱦɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɵɧɭɬɶ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ
ɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪɵɞɥɹɬɨɝɨɱɬɨɛɵɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɶɢɜɵɧɶɬɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ
Ⱦɥɹɬɨɝɨɱɬɨɛɵɜɫɬɚɜɢɬɶɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɜɵɪɨɜɧɹɣɬɟ ɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɫ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɟɣɩɨɫɥɟɱɟɝɨɜɫɬɚɜɥɹɣɬɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɜɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɞɨɬɟɯɩɨɪɩɨɤɚɧɟɭɫɥɵɲɢɬɟ
ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɵɣɳɟɥɱɨɤɊɢɫ
Ɋɢɫ
ɍɄȺɁȺɇɂəɉɈɉɈȾɁȺɊəȾɄȿȻȺɌȺɊȿɂ
ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶ ɱɬɨ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɦ ɧɚ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ɉɨɞɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɜ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɶ Ɂɚɠɠɟɧɧɵɣɨɪɚɧɠɟɜɵɣɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪ$Ɋɢɫɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɱɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɝɨɬɨɜɨɤɪɚɛɨɬɟ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɩɨɜɟɪɯɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɜɵɪɨɜɧɹɣɬɟɩɨɥɨɡɶɹɊɢɫ'ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɫɱɟɬɵɪɶɦɹɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪɚɦɢɊɢɫ(ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ
ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɜɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɞɨɭɩɨɪɚ
ɇɟɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜ
ɫɥɢɲɤɨɦ ɠɚɪɤɨɦ ɢɥɢ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɨɦ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɍɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬ
ɩɪɢɤɨɦɧɚɬɧɨɣɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ
ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ ɜɧɢɡ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɬɶ
ɯɨɪɨɲɢɣɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɦɟɠɞɭɛɚɬɚɪɟɟɣɢɡɚɪɹɞɧɵɦɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦɉɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨɝɨɪɹɳɢɣɤɪɚɫɧɵɣ ɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪ ɪɢɫ % ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ ɪɟɠɢɦ
³ɛɵɫɬɪɨɣ ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ´ ȿɫɥɢ ɦɢɝɚɟɬ ɤɪɚɫɧɚɹɥɚɦɩɨɱɤɚɬɨɷɬɨɫɢɝɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɬɨɬɨɦ
ɱɬɨ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɪɚɡɪɹɞɢɥɚɫɶ ɢɥɢ
ɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɥɚɫɶ ȿɫɥɢ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ ɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɥɚɫɶ
ɤɪɚɫɧɵɣɫɜɟɬɩɟɪɟɫɬɚɧɟɬɦɢɝɚɬɶɢɛɭɞɟɬɝɨɪɟɬɶ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɟɟ ɨɫɬɵɜɚɧɢɹ ȿɫɥɢ
ɠɟɛɚɬɚɪɟɹɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸɪɚɡɪɹɞɢɥɚɫɶɩɨɫɥɟ
ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɹ ɤɪɚɫɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɨɱɤɚ ɧɚɱɧɟɬ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ ɝɨɪɟɬɶ Ɉɛɵɤɧɨɜɟɧɧɨ
ɷɬɨ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɩɪɢɛɥɢɡ ɦɢɧɭɬ
ȿɫɥɢ ɢ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɨɞɢɧ ɱɚɫ ɤɪɚɫɧɚɹ ɥɚɦɩɨɱɤɚ
ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɟɬɦɢɝɚɬɶɷɬɨɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɨɞɟɮɟɤɬɧɨɫɬɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɢɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢɟɟɡɚɦɟɧɵ
Ɂɟɥɟɧɵɣ ɫɜɟɬ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɤɚɤ
ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ ɛɵɥɚ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɡɚɪɹɠɟɧɚ ɢɥɢ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɜɪɟɠɢɦɟɦɟɞɥɟɧɧɨɣɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ
ȿɫɥɢɝɨɪɢɬɠɟɥɬɵɣɫɜɟɬɚɤɪɚɫɧɵɣɦɢɝɚɟɬ
ɷɬɨ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬ ɨ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɢ ɟɟ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɜɟɪɧɭɬɶɜɦɚɝɚɡɢɧ
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɤɚɤ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɡɚɪɹɞɢɥɚɫɶɤɪɚɫɧɵɣɫɜɟɬɩɨɝɚɫɧɟɬɢɡɚɠɠɟɬɫɹ
ɡɟɥɟɧɵɣ
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɨɤɨɥɨɨɞɧɨɝɨɱɚɫɚɞɥɹɩɨɥɧɨɣɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ȼɪɟɦɹ ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ©ɫɟɜɲɟɣªɛɚɬɚɪɟɢòɱɚɫ
ȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢɛɚɬɚɪɟɹɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɟɬɫɹ
ɗɬɨɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɨɟɹɜɥɟɧɢɟɢɧɟɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɨɧɚɥɢɱɢɢɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
pages-GUR 12S.indd 37
ɉɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ ɡɚɠɠɟɧɧɵɣ ɤɪɚɫɧɵɣ ɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪ
Ɋɢɫ%ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬɪɟɠɢɦ³ɛɵɫɬɪɨɣɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ´ɉɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɱɟɪɟɡɨɞɢɧɱɚɫɤɪɚɫɧɵɣ
ɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪ ³ɛɵɫɬɪɨɣ ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ´ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɩɨɝɚɫɧɭɬɶ ɱɬɨ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬ ɨ ɩɨɥɧɨɣ ɡɚɪɹɞɤɟ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɜɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɸɳɟɦ
ɪɟɠɢɦɟ³ɦɟɞɥɟɧɧɚɹɡɚɪɹɞɤɚ´ɡɟɥɟɧɵɣɫɜɟɬ
Ȼɚɬɚɪɟɹɦɨɠɟɬɨɫɬɚɜɚɬɶɫɹɜɷɬɨɦɪɟɠɢɦɟɞɨ
ɬɟɯɩɨɪɩɨɤɚɧɟɩɨɧɚɞɨɛɢɬɫɹɜɧɨɜɶ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿȿɫɥɢɩɪɢɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɢ
ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɜ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɧɚɱɧɟɬ
ɦɢɝɚɬɶ ɨɪɚɧɠɟɜɵɣ ɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪ Ɋɢɫ $ ɚ
ɡɟɥɟɧɵɣ Ɋɢɫ & ɫɜɟɬɢɬ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ ɷɬɨ
ɝɨɜɨɪɢɬɨɬɨɦɱɬɨɢɥɢɭɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɫɥɢɲɤɨɦ
ɜɵɫɨɤɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɢɥɢ ɫɥɢɲɤɨɦ
ɧɢɡɤɨɟ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟ ȼ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ
ɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɸ ɜ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɟ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ
ɡɚɪɹɞɤɢ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɧɚɱɧɟɬɫɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɬɨɝɨ ɤɚɤ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ
ɞɨɫɬɢɝɧɟɬ ž) ž& ɢ ž) ž& ɢɥɢ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɹ ɉɨɫɥɟ
ɷɬɨɝɨ ɡɚɠɠɟɬɫɹ ɤɪɚɫɧɵɣ ɫɜɟɬ ɚ ɡɟɥɟɧɵɣ
ɩɨɝɚɫɧɟɬ
ȼ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɤɨɦɧɚɬɧɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ
ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɟɬɢ ɢ ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ ɧɚ
ɟɟ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɭɸ ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɭ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɭɣɬɢ
ɛɨɥɟɟɱɚɫɚ
Ɉɬɤɥɸɱɚɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɬɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɫɟɬɢɜɬɟɯɫɥɭɱɚɹɯɤɨɝɞɚɨɧɨɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ
37
RU
17.3.2006 . 09:59:33
9,,,ȁȘȎȕȎțȖȭȝȜȞȎȏȜȠȓ
ȼɄɅɘɑȿɇɂȿȼɕɄɅɘɑȺɌȿɅə
Ɋɢɫ
Ⱦɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɧɚɠɚɬɶɪɵɱɚɝɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹȾɥɹɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɶɪɵɱɚɝɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ
ɗɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɫɧɚɛɠɟɧ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɵɦ
ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ
ɫɪɚɡɭɩɨɫɥɟɬɨɝɨɤɚɤɛɭɞɟɬɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɟɧɪɵɱɚɝɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹɉɪɢɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɢ ɧɚɠɢɦɚ ɧɚ ɪɵɱɚɝ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ ɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬɫɹɢɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
ɉɪɢɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɢɧɚɠɢɦɚɧɚɪɵɱɚɝɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬɫɹɢɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
ɆɈɇɌȺɀȾȿɆɈɇɌȺɀɉɊɈɄɅȺȾɄɂ
ɍȾȺɊɇɈȽɈȾȿɃɋɌȼɂə
Ɋɢɫ
ȼȺɀɇȺəɂɇɎɈɊɆȺɐɂə
ɈɌɇɈɋɂɌȿɅɖɇɈɉɈȾɁȺɊəȾɄɂ
ɇȿɈɋɌɕȼɒɂɏȻȺɌȺɊȿɃ
ɉɪɢɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɟɝɨɛɚɬɚɪɟɹɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɟɬɫɹɈɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɝɨɪɹɱɭɸɛɚɬɚɪɟɸɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɧɚɦɢɧɭɬ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɱɟɝɨ ɩɪɢɫɬɭɩɚɣɬɟ ɤ ɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɟ ȿɫɥɢ
ɝɨɪɹɱɚɹ ɧɚ ɨɳɭɩɶ ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ ©ɫɟɥɚª ɧɚɱɧɟɬ
ɦɢɝɚɬɶ ɤɪɚɫɧɵɣ ɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɉɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɣ ɤɪɚɫɧɵɣ ɫɜɟɬ ɫɢɝɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɬɨɪɟɠɢɦɟɛɵɫɬɪɨɣɩɨɞɡɚɪɹɞɤɢɱɚɫ
ɁȺɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ Ȼɚɬɚɪɟɹ ɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ
ɩɪɢɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚȼɧɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɯɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
ɞɚɧɧɨɟɹɜɥɟɧɢɟɧɟɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɟɬɫɹ
ɐɟɧɬɪɢɪɭɣɬɟɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɢɢɜɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɟɟ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɟɬɟɧɨ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɞɨ
ɭɩɨɪɚɊɢɫ.
ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟɚɪɪɟɬɢɪɱɟɪɟɡɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟɫɧɢɦɢɬɟɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɭ
ɑɬɨɛɵɫɧɹɬɶɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɭɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹɜɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɦɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɪɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɢ
ɲɟɫɬɢɝɪɚɧɧɨɝɨɚɞɚɩɬɟɪɚɢɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɚɟɫɥɢ
ɡɚɩɢɪɚɸɳɚɹɦɭɮɬɚɧɟɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɫɹɜɫɜɨɟ
ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɡɧɚɱɢɬɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɪɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɟ ɢɥɢ
ɭɞɚɥɟɧɢɢ ɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɚ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɣɬɟ
ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
9,,ǵțȎȘȜȚȟȠȐȜȟȫșȓȘȠ
ȞȜȖțȟȠȞȡȚȓțȠȜȚ
ȼɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
Ɋɵɱɚɝɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
Ƚɧɟɡɞɨɞɥɹɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɨɜ
Ⱥɤɤɭɦɭɥɹɬɨɪɧɚɹɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ
Ɂɚɪɹɞɧɨɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɋɜɟɬɨɞɢɨɞɧɵɣɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪ
Ɋɢɫ
ɊɕɑȺȽȾɅəɋɆȿɇɕɇȺɉɊȺȼɅȿɇɂə
ȼɊȺɓȿɇɂə
ɉɪɢɧɚɠɚɬɢɢɩɪɚɜɨɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɵɪɵɱɚɝɚɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹɫɦɨɬɪɹɫɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɵɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɫɹɩɨɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɟȾɥɹɜɪɚ-
RU
38
pages-GUR 12S.indd 38
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:33
ɳɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɬɢɜ ɱɚɫɨɜɨɣ ɫɬɪɟɥɤɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ
ɧɚɠɚɬɶɥɟɜɭɸɫɬɨɪɨɧɭɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹɊɢɫ.
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɇɟɥɶɡɹ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɬɶ
ɪɵɱɚɝɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɑɬɨɛɵ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶɦɚɲɢɧɭɩɨɫɥɟɱɟɝɨ
ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɫɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
Ɋɢɫ
ɋɆȿɇȺɓȿɌɈɄ
ɈɬɤɪɭɬɢɬɶɤɪɵɲɤɭɞɨɤɨɧɰɚɊɢɫ$.
ȼɵɧɭɬɶɳɟɬɤɭ
ɂɡɧɨɲɟɧɧɵɟ ɳɟɬɤɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɡɚɦɟɧɹɬɶ
ɧɨɜɵɦɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɞɟɪɠɚɬɟɥɶɜɬɨɦɠɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢɜɤɨɬɨɪɵɦɨɧɢ
ɛɵɥɢɞɨɷɬɨɝɨ
ȼɧɨɜɶɡɚɤɪɭɬɢɬɶɤɪɵɲɤɭ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɭɟɬɥɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɉɟɪɟɞɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ
ɦɚɲɢɧɭɧɚɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨɦɢɧɭɬɞɥɹɪɚɛɨɬɵɧɚ
ɯɨɥɨɫɬɨɦ ɯɨɞɭ ɞɥɹ ɫɨɜɦɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɳɟɬɨɤ ɢ
ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ
Ⱥ
Ɋɢɫ
ɬɚɬɶɫɪɚɡɭɠɟɩɨɫɥɟɫɦɟɧɵɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɱɬɨɦɨɠɟɬɜɵɡɜɚɬɶɨɠɨɝ
ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤ ɜ ɝɨɥɨɜɤɭ ɝɚɣɤɢ ɩɪɢ
ɷɬɨɦ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɛɵɬɶ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧ
ɩɪɹɦɨɤɝɚɣɤɟ
ɍɩɪɚɠɧɹɣɬɟ ɫɥɚɛɵɣ ɧɚɬɢɫɤ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɶɜɵɫɤɚɥɶɡɵɜɚɧɢɟɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɚ
ȼɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɧɚɱɧɢɬɟɪɚɛɨɬɭȼɫɟɝɞɚɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟɤɪɭɬɹɳɢɣɦɨɦɟɧɬ
ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɞɢɧɚɦɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɥɸɱɚ ɬ
ɤɧɚɧɟɝɨɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɬɜɥɢɹɧɢɟɦɧɨɝɢɟɮɚɤɬɨɪɵɬɚɤɢɟɤɚɤ
ɇɢɡɤɨɟɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟɩɨɱɬɢ
ɢɫɬɨɳɟɧɧɨɣɛɚɬɚɪɟɢ
ɇɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟ
ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ
ɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɇɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɣɪɚɡɦɟɪ
Ɋɚɡɦɟɪ
ɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɚ ɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɚɢɥɢɩɨɞɥɨɠɤɢ
ɫɧɢɠɚɟɬɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ
ɢɥɢ
ɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɢ
ɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɧɢɹ
Ɋɚɛɨɬɚɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫ
ȼɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ
ɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɧɚɧɢɡɤɨɣ
ɩɥɚɜɧɨɪɟɝɭ
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢɫɧɢɠɚɟɬ
ɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ
ɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɧɢɹ
Ʉɪɟɩɟɠɧɵɟɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɵ
ɛɨɥɶɲɟɝɨɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɚ
ɬɪɟɛɭɸɬɢɛɨɥɟɟɜɵɫɨɤɨɝɨ
Ɋɚɡɦɟɪ
ɤɪɭɬɹɳɟɝɨɦɨɦɟɧɬɚ
ɛɨɥɬɨɜ
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣɬɚɤɠɟɡɚɜɢɫɢɬ
ɨɬɞɥɢɧɵɤɥɚɫɫɚɢ
ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɚ
ȼɢɞɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɢɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ
ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢɟɝɨɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ
Ɇɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ
ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɬɜɥɢɹɧɢɟɧɚ
ɤɪɭɬɹɳɢɣɦɨɦɟɧɬ
ɍɞɥɢɧɟɧɧɨɟɜɪɟɦɹ
ɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɟɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ
ɤɛɨɥɟɟɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ
ɫɬɟɩɟɧɢɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɧɢɹ
Ɋɚɛɨɬɚɩɪɢɭɞɥɢɧɟɧɧɨɦ
ȼɪɟɦɹ
ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢɩɪɟɜɵɲɚɸɳɟɦ
ɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɦɨɟɜɪɟɦɹ
ɦɨɠɟɬɜɵɡɜɚɬɶɫɜɟɪɯ
ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɟɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɪɟɡɶɛɵɢɥɢɤɪɟɩɟɠɧɨɝɨ
ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚ
ɊȺȻɈɌȺɗɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌȺ
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɟɝɨɜɩɨɤɨɟɜɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ
ɨɤɨɥɨɦɢɧɭɬɩɨɫɥɟɫɦɟɧɵɛɚɬɚɪɟɢɌɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ
ɢ ɬɞ ɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬɫɹ ɟɫɥɢ ɜɵ ɧɚɱɧɟɬɟ ɪɚɛɨ-
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
pages-GUR 12S.indd 39
ɇɚɊɢɫɢɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɵɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɝɨ ɦɨɦɟɧɬɚ ɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɨɥɬɚ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɚɬɚɤɠɟɜɵɫɨɤɨɩɪɨɱɧɨɝɨɛɨɥɬɚ
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Ɋɢɫ
ɉɪɢ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɜ ɭɞɚɪɧɨɦ
ɪɟɠɢɦɟɝɚɣɤɢɡɚɬɹɝɢɜɚɸɬɫɹɫɥɢɲɤɨɦɫɢɥɶɧɨ ɱɬɨ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɤ ɢɯ ɩɨɥɨɦɤɟ ɢɥɢ
ɩɨɥɨɦɤɟɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɚ
ȿɫɥɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧ ɩɨɞ
ɭɝɥɨɦ ɤ ɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɟɦɨɦɭ ɜɢɧɬɭ ɷɬɨ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɩɨɥɨɦɤɟɝɨɥɨɜɤɢɜɢɧɬɚɢɥɢɠɟ
ɤɪɭɬɹɳɢɣ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɧɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɩɟɪɟɞɚɧ ɜɢɧɬɭ ȼɫɟɝɞɚ ɫɨɛɥɸɞɚɣɬɟ ɩɪɹɦɭɸ
ɥɢɧɢɸ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɢ ɡɚɤɪɭɱɢɜɚɟɦɵɦɜɢɧɬɨɦ
,;ǼȏȟșȡȔȖȐȎțȖȓ
ɑɂɋɌɄȺ
Ɋɢɫ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ Ɇɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ
ɱɚɫɬɶ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɚ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɬɶɫɹ ɩɪɢ
ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɟ
Ȼɭɞɶɬɟ ɜɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɵ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɫ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɟɦ
ȼɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɭɸ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɢɤɭ ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɦɟɧɹɟɬ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹ
ȼɨɬɩɨɱɟɦɭɟɫɥɢɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɫɥɟɝɤɚɧɚɠɚɬ
ɧɢɡɤɚɹɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɹɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɣ
ɫɯɟɦɵɦɨɝɭɬɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɬɶɫɹɢɩɨɜɪɟɞɢɬɫɹ
ɋɬɹɝɢɜɚɸɳɢɣɦɨɦɟɧɬ
Ɉɡɧɚɤɨɦɶɬɟɫɶ ɫ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɦ Ɋɢɫ ɢ
8) ɧɚ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧ ɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɸɳɢɣ
ɦɨɦɟɧɬ .JIPP ɜ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɧɢɹ V ɗɬɢ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɥɢɲɶ
ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɚɰɢɹɦɢɬɤɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɸɳɢɣɦɨɦɟɧɬ
ɢɡɦɟɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ
ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ƒ ɇɟ ɪɟɠɟ ɪɚɡɚ ɜ ɧɟɞɟɥɸ ɜ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɸɳɟɝɨ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɩɪɨɞɭɣɬɟ ɡɚɝɪɹɡɧɟɧɢɹɢɩɵɥɶɜɨɜɫɟɯɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ
ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹɯɫɭɯɢɦɜɨɡɞɭɯɨɦȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɷɬɨɣ
ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɩɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ
ɨɱɤɢ
ƒ ȼɧɟɲɧɢɟɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɫɨɜɵɟɱɚɫɬɢɦɨɠɧɨɩɪɨɬɢɪɚɬɶɜɥɚɠɧɨɣɫɚɥɮɟɬɤɨɣɢɧɟɤɨɧɰɟɧɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦɦɨɸɳɢɦɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɨɦ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɇɟɫɦɨɬɪɹ ɧɚ ɬɨ ɱɬɨ
ɜɧɟɲɧɢɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɵ ɤ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɸ
ɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɢɯ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɟ ɧɟ
ɞɨɩɭɫɬɢɦɨ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɩɨɱɢɫɬɤɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ƒ Ɂɚɝɪɹɡɧɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɚɪɭɠɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɩɪɨɬɢɪɚɬɶ ɫɚɥɮɟɬɤɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɹɝɤɨɣ ɧɟɦɟɬɚɥɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɳɟɬɤɨɣ ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɞɥɹɷɬɨɝɨɜɨɞɭɢɱɢɫɬɹɳɢɟɪɚɫɬɜɨɪɵ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɉɟɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ
ɤɚɤ ɩɪɢɫɬɭɩɢɬɶ ɤ ɱɢɫɬɤɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɨɬɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɟɝɨ ɨɬ ɫɟɬɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɢɬɚɧɢɹ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɋɥɢɲɤɨɦ ɫɢɥɶɧɨ
ɫɬɹɝɢɜɚɧɢɟɦɨɠɟɬɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɸ
ɝɚɣɤɢɢɥɢɧɚɤɨɧɟɱɧɢɤɚ
RU
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;DZȎȞȎțȠȖȭ
ȼȺɀɇɈȼɰɟɥɹɯɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɢ
ɥɸɛɚɹɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɩɨɪɟɦɨɧɬɭɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɤɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚɢɫɦɟɧɚɳɟɬɨɤɞɨɥɠɧɚɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶɫɹ
ɜ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɟɪɜɢɡɚɯ 63$5.<
ɢɥɢɞɪɭɝɢɯɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯɫɟɪɜɢɡɧɵɯ
ɰɟɧɬɪɚɯɫɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦɬɨɥɶɤɨɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɵɯɡɚɩɱɚɫɬɟɣ
ɉɊɂɇȺȾɅȿɀɇɈɋɌɂɄɈɌɈɊɕȿɆɈȽɍɌ
ɂɋɉɈɅɖɁɈȼȺɌɖɋəɉɊɂɊȺȻɈɌȿɗɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌȺ
ɉɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɡɚɹɜɤɟ ɢ
ɨɩɥɚɬɟɦɟɫɬɧɵɦɫɟɪɜɢɡɨɦ63$5.<
Ƚɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɣ ɫɪɨɤ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ
63$5.<ɭɤɚɡɚɧɜɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨɣɤɚɪɬɟ
ɇɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɲɢɟ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɝɪɭɡɤɢ ɢɥɢ
ɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɧɟ ɜɯɨɞɹɬ ɜ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɟɨɛɹɡɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ
ɇɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɲɢɟ ɜɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɢɢɥɢ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɲɢɛɨɤ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɛɟɡ
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɩɥɚɬɵ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɡɚɦɟɧɵ ɢɥɢ
ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ
Ɋɟɤɥɚɦɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɧɵɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ63$5.<ɩɪɢɡɧɚɸɬɫɹɜɬɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɤɨɝɞɚ
ɦɚɲɢɧɚ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɚ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɳɢɤɭ ɢɥɢ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨɦɭɫɟɪɜɢɡɭɜɧɟɪɚɡɨɛɪɚɧɧɨɦɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɦɜɢɞɟ
ǽȞȖȚȓȥȎțȖȭ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɨɱɬɢɬɟ ɜɫɸ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ ɩɨ
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢɩɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɩɪɢɫɬɭɩɢɬɶɤɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɸɷɬɨɝɨɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ
ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɡɚ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɩɪɚɜɨ
ɜɧɨɫɢɬɶ ɜ ɫɜɨɢ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɛɟɡ
ɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ
ɋɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɚɧ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɚɬɶɫɹ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
pages-GUR 12S.indd 41
41
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:34
ǿȨȒȨȞȔȎțȖȓ
,
I - Introduction
ȼɴɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ...................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................42
1
,, Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɞɚɧɧɢ.......................................................................................................................
7HFKQLFDOVSHFL¿FDWLRQV.................................................................................................................39
2
,,,
III - Safety
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ
instructions ..........................................................................................................................
...................................... 39
2
,9
IV - Additional
Ⱦɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɡɚɭɞɚɪɧɢɝɚɣɤɨɜɟɪɬɢ.........................................
safety rules for impact wrenches..................................................................................
3
9
V - Additional
Ⱦɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɴɫɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
instructions for work with the charger ..........................................................................
..........................................41
3
9,
VI - Additional
Ⱦɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
instructions for work with the battery pack
...................................................................
..................................................................42
4
VII
9,,
- Know
Ɂɚɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɧɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ..................................................................................
your product ......................................................................................................................$
A/44
VIII
9,,,- Operation
ɍɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ....................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................................44
,;
IX - Maintenance
ɉɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ ...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
;
X - Warranty
Ƚɚɪɚɧɰɢɹ..........................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................... 52
ɊȺɁɈɉȺɄɈȼȺɇȿ
ȼɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɨɛɳɨɩɪɢɟɬɢɬɟɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɢɧɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɟɦɚɥɤɨɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɧɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢɬɢɹ
ɨɬȼɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɞɚɟɧɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɟɧɢɥɢɧɹɤɨɹɨɬɱɚɫɬɢɬɟɦɭɞɚɥɢɩɫɜɚȺɤɨɡɚɛɟɥɟɠɢɬɟ
ɱɟɧɟɳɨɧɟɟɧɚɪɟɞɧɟɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɞɨɤɚɬɨɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɚɬɚɱɚɫɬɧɟɫɟɫɦɟɧɢɢɥɢ
ɞɟɮɟɤɬɴɬɧɟɛɴɞɟɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɇɟɢɡɩɴɥɧɟɧɢɟɬɨɧɚɬɚɡɢɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɤɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɞɨɜɟɞɟɞɨɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚ
ɬɪɭɞɨɜɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ɋȽɅɈȻəȼȺɇȿ
Ⱥɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɢɹɬɭɞɚɪɟɧɝɚɣɤɨɜɟɪɬ*856ɫɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɹɨɩɚɤɨɜɚɧɢɧɚɩɴɥɧɨɫɝɥɨɛɟɧ
,ǰȨȐȓȒȓțȖȓ
ɇɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢɬɢɹɬ ɨɬ ȼɚɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ 63$5.< ɳɟ ɧɚɞɯɜɴɪɥɢ ȼɚɲɢɬɟ ɨɱɚɤɜɚɧɢɹ Ɍɨɣ
ɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɜɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɜɢɫɨɤɢɬɟɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɢɧɚɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨɬɨɧɚ63$5.<ɨɬɝɨɜɚɪɹɳɢɧɚ
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ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɬɨɡɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɳɟȼɢɫɥɭɠɢɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɞɴɥɝɢɝɨɞɢɧɢ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɨɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɰɹɥɚɬɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɧɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢɬɢɹɫɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ63$5.<Ɉɛɴɪɧɟɬɟɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɧɚɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɟɬɟɤɨɢɬɨɡɚɩɨɱɜɚɬɫɞɭɦɢɬɟ³ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ´ɢ³ɉɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ´ȼɚɲɢɹɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ63$5.<ɩɪɢɬɟɠɚɜɚ
ɦɧɨɝɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɤɨɢɬɨɳɟɭɥɟɫɧɹɬȼɚɲɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɉɪɢɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɬɚɧɚɬɨɡɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
ɧɚɣɝɨɥɹɦɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɟɨɛɴɪɧɚɬɨɧɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɬɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɢɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɫɬɬɚɤɨɢɬɨɝɨɩɪɚɜɹɬɥɟɫɟɧɡɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɢɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
ɇɟɢɡɯɜɴɪɥɹɣɬɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɭɪɟɞɢɡɚɟɞɧɨɫɛɢɬɨɜɢɬɟɨɬɩɚɞɴɰɢ
ɈɬɩɚɞɴɰɢɬɟɨɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɢɡɞɟɥɢɹɧɟɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɫɴɛɢɪɚɬɡɚɟɞɧɨɫɛɢɬɨɜɢɬɟɨɬɩɚɞɴɰɢɆɨɥɹɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɣɬɟɧɚɦɟɫɬɚɬɚɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɡɚɬɨɜɚɋɜɴɪɠɟɬɟɫɟɫɦɟɫɬɧɢɬɟ
ɜɥɚɫɬɢɢɥɢɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɡɚɤɨɧɫɭɥɬɚɰɢɹɨɬɧɨɫɧɨɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟɬɨ
ɈɉȺɁȼȺɇȿɇȺɈɄɈɅɇȺɌȺɋɊȿȾȺ
ɋɨɝɥɟɞɨɩɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚɫɪɟɞɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɬɟɢɨɩɚɤɨɜɤɚɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɩɨɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɧɚɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚɩɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɡɚɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɧɚ
ɫɴɞɴɪɠɚɳɢɬɟɫɟɜɬɹɯɫɭɪɨɜɢɧɢɁɚɨɛɥɟɤɱɚɜɚɧɟɧɚɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟɬɨɞɟɬɚɣɥɢɬɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɨɬɢɡɤɭɫɬɜɟɧɢɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢɫɚɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɩɨɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɧɢɹɧɚɱɢɧ
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ȼɴɪɯɭɬɚɛɟɥɤɚɬɚɫɞɚɧɧɢɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɫɚɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɢɫɢɦɜɨɥɢɌɟɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɹɬɜɚɠɧɚɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹɡɚɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɚɢɥɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɧɟɝɨɜɨɬɨɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟ
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ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟ ɜɫɢɱɤɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɇɟɫɩɚɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɢɡɛɪɨɟɧɢɬɟ
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ɞɨɛɪɟ ɨɫɜɟɬɟɧɨ Ȼɟɡɩɨɪɹɞɴɤɴɬ ɢ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚ-
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ɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɚɡɚɬɪɭɞɨɜɢɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ƒ ɇɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟ ɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ ɜɴɜ
ɜɡɪɢɜɨɨɩɚɫɧɚ ɫɪɟɞɚ ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɜ ɩɪɢɫɴɫɬɜɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɡɚɩɚɥɢɦɢ ɬɟɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɚɡɨɜɟ ɢɥɢ
ɩɪɚɯȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟɢɫɤɪɹɬɤɨɟɬɨ
ɦɨɠɟɞɚɜɴɡɩɥɚɦɟɧɢɩɪɚɯɚɢɥɢɩɚɪɢɬɟ
ƒ Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟɧɚɪɚɡɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɞɟɰɚɬɚɢɫɬɪɚɧɢɱɧɢɬɟɥɢɰɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭ
ɦɟɧɬɚ Ɋɚɡɫɟɣɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ
ɡɚɝɭɛɚɧɚɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɨɬȼɚɲɚɫɬɪɚɧɚ
ȿɅȿɄɌɊɂɑȿɋɄȺȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌ
ƒ ɂɡɛɹɝɜɚɣɬɟ ɞɨɩɢɪ ɧɚ ɬɹɥɨɬɨ ɫɴɫ ɡɚɡɟɦɟɧɢ
ɩɨɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɚɬɨ ɜɨɞɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɢ ɬɪɴɛɢ
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Ⱥɤɨɬɹɥɨɬɨɜɢɟɡɚɡɟɦɟɧɨɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɚɩɨɜɢɲɟɧɪɢɫɤɨɬɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɨɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɬɨɤ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɡɥɚɝɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ ɧɚ
ɞɴɠɞ ɢɥɢ ɜɥɚɝɚ ɉɪɨɧɢɤɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɜɨɞɚ ɜ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɩɨɜɢɲɚɜɚ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɡɚ
ɩɨɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɨɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɬɨɤ
ɅɂɑɇȺȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌ
ƒ Ȼɴɞɟɬɟɧɚɳɪɟɤɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟɫɩɨɜɢɲɟɧɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɢɩɨɫɬɴɩɜɚɣɬɟɨɛɦɢɫɥɟɧɨɤɨɝɚɬɨɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɇɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɫɬɟɭɦɨɪɟɧɢ
ɢɥɢ ɩɨɞ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɧɚɪɤɨɬɢɰɢ ɚɥɤɨɯɨɥ
ɢɥɢ ɦɟɞɢɤɚɦɟɧɬɢ Ɇɨɦɟɧɬɧɨ ɧɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ
ɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɨɠɟɞɚ
ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚ ɬɪɭɞɨɜɚ ɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɧɢɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚȼɢɧɚɝɢɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɧɢɨɱɢɥɚ
ɂɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɧɢɬɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɩɪɚɯɨɡɚɳɢɬɧɚ ɦɚɫɤɚ ɧɟɩɥɴɡɝɚɳɢ ɫɟ
ɨɛɭɜɤɢ ɡɚɳɢɬɟɧ ɲɥɟɦ ɢɥɢ ɚɧɬɢɮɨɧɢ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɢɜɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɨɬɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɢɬɟɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɬɪɢɫɤɚɨɬɬɪɭɞɨɜɢɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ƒ ɇɟ ɫɟ ɩɪɟɫɹɝɚɣɬɟ ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚ
ɫɬɨɣɤɚ ɢ ɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɫɢɟ ɩɪɟɡ ɰɹɥɨɬɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ
Ɍɨɜɚ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚ ɩɨɞɨɛɪɨ ɜɥɚɞɟɟɧɟ ɧɚ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɩɪɢɧɟɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɢɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɨɪɚɛɨɬɧɨɨɛɥɟɤɥɨ
ɇɟɧɨɫɟɬɟɲɢɪɨɤɢɞɪɟɯɢɢɥɢɛɢɠɭɬɚɉɚɡɟɬɟ ɤɨɫɢɬɟ ɞɪɟɯɢɬɟ ɢ ɪɴɤɚɜɢɰɢɬɟ ɫɢ ɞɚɥɟɱ
ɨɬɞɜɢɠɟɳɢɫɟɱɚɫɬɢɒɢɪɨɤɢɬɟɞɪɟɯɢɛɢɠɭɬɚɬɚɢɥɢɞɴɥɝɢɬɟɤɨɫɢɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɟɡɚɯɜɚɧɚɬɨɬɞɜɢɠɟɳɢɫɟɱɚɫɬɢ
ƒ Ⱥɤɨɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬɟɫɧɚɛɞɟɧɫɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɹ ɡɚ ɢɡɫɦɭɤɜɚɧɟ ɢ ɫɴɛɢɪɚɧɟ ɧɚ
ɩɪɚɯ ɨɫɢɝɭɪɟɬɟ ɬɹɯɧɨɬɨ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ ɫɜɴɪɡɜɚɧɟ ɢ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɬɟɡɢ
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:35
ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚ ɫɜɴɪɡɚɧɢɬɟ ɫ
ɩɪɚɯɪɢɫɤɨɜɟ
ȿɄɋɉɅɈȺɌȺɐɂəɂȽɊɂɀɂɁȺ
ȿɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌɂɌȿ
ƒ ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬɟɜɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟ ɚɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɚɬɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɉɨɫɬɚɜɹɧɟɬɨɧɚɚɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɚɬɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɜɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɫɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱ
ɜɴɜ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɚ
ɡɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɟɠɞɚɣɬɟɚɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɢɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɢɫɚɦɨ
ɫɴɫ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɚɧɨ ɨɬ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ Ɂɚɪɹɞɧɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɨɡɚɟɞɢɧɜɢɞɚɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɢɛɚɬɟɪɢɢ
ɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɪɢɫɤɨɬɩɨɠɚɪɤɨɝɚɬɨɫɟ
ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɫɞɪɭɝɜɢɞɚɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɢɛɚɬɟɪɢɢ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ ɫɚɦɨ ɫ ɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɢɬɟ ɡɚ ɬɹɯ ɚɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɢ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɢ
ɍɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɞɪɭɝ ɜɢɞ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɢ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ
ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɪɢɫɤɨɬɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚɢɩɨɠɚɪ
ƒ Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɧɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɚɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɚɬɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɹɞɪɴɠɬɟɧɚɫɬɪɚɧɚɨɬɤɥɚɦɟɪɢɦɨɧɟɬɢ
ɤɥɸɱɨɜɟɝɜɨɡɞɟɢɜɢɧɬɨɜɟɢɞɪɭɝɢɞɪɟɛɧɢ
ɦɟɬɚɥɧɢɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɢɤɨɢɬɨɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɜɴɪɠɚɬ
ɧɚɤɴɫɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɣɋɜɴɪɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɤɴɫɨɧɚ
ɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ
ɢɡɝɚɪɹɧɢɹɢɥɢɩɨɠɚɪ
ƒ ɉɪɢ ɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚ ɨɬ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɢɡɬɟɱɟ ɬɟɱɧɨɫɬ ɂɡɛɹɝɜɚɣɬɟ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɫɬɟɱɧɨɫɬɬɚȺɤɨɜɴɩɪɟɤɢɜɫɢɱɤɨɬɨɜɚ
ɫɟɫɥɭɱɢɢɡɩɥɚɤɧɟɬɟɨɛɢɥɧɨɫɱɢɫɬɚɜɨɞɚ
ɉɪɢ ɩɨɩɚɞɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɚɤɭɦɭɥDɬɨɪɧɚ ɬɟɱɧɨɫɬ ɜ
ɨɱɢɬɟɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɤɨɧɫɭɥɬɢɪɚɬɟ ɫ ɥɟɤɚɪ ɂɡɬɢɱɚɳɚɬɚ ɨɬ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ɬɟɱɧɨɫɬ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɜɴɡɩɚɥɟɧɢɟ
ɢɥɢɢɡɝɚɪɹɧɢɹ
ƒ ɇɟ ɩɪɟɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɂɡɛɟɪɟɬɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɡɚ
ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɚɬɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ ɢɡɛɪɚɧɢɹɬ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɪɚɛɨɬɢ ɩɨɞɨɛɪɟ ɢ ɩɨ
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨ ɜ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɚ ɧɚ ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɬɚ ɡɚ
ɤɨɹɬɨɟɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɚɧ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɚɤɨ
ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬ ɦɭ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɜɤɥɸɱɜɚ
ɜɴɜ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ ɢ ɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɤɨɣɬɨɧɟɦɨɠɟɞɚɛɴɞɟ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɜɚɧ ɫ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ ɫɢ ɟ ɨɩɚɫɟɧ ɢ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɟɪɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɧ
ƒ ɂɡɜɚɞɟɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɨɬɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɧɟɬɨɩɪɟɞɢ
ɞɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɬɟɤɚɤɜɢɬɨɢɞɚɛɢɥɨɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ
ɡɚɦɹɧɚɧɚɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɢɥɢɫɴɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ
ɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɌɚɡɢɩɪɟɜɚɧɬɢɜɧɚ
ɦɹɪɤɚ ɡɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚ ɪɢɫɤɚ ɨɬ
ɧɟɜɨɥɧɨɩɭɫɤɚɧɟɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
pages-GUR 12S.indd 45
ƒ Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɧɟɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ
ɫɴɯɪɚɧɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɝɢ ɧɚ ɦɹɫɬɨ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɴɩɧɨ
ɡɚ ɞɟɰɚ ɢ ɧɟ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɧɚ ɥɢɰɚ ɤɨɢɬɨ ɧɟ ɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɬ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɢɥɢ ɬɟɡɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɞɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɹɬ ɫ ɧɟɝɨ
ȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟɫɚɨɩɚɫɧɢɜɪɴɰɟɬɟ
ɧɚɧɟɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɢ
ƒ ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟɉɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟɞɚɥɢɞɜɢɠɟɳɢɬɟɫɟɱɚɫɬɢɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɚɬɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨɢɫɟɞɜɢɠɚɬɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨ
ɰɟɥɨɫɬɬɚɢɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɱɚɫɬɢɬɟɤɚɤɬɨ
ɢ ɡɚ ɜɫɹɤɚɤɜɨ ɞɪɭɝɨ ɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɫɬɜɨ ɤɨɟɬɨ
ɦɨɠɟ ɧɟɛɥɚɝɨɩɪɢɹɬɧɨ ɞɚ ɩɨɜɥɢɹɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ Ⱥɤɨ ɟ
ɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚ ɛɴɞɟ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɧ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɩɨɧɚɬɚɬɴɲɧɚ
ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɅɨɲɚɬɚɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɤɚɟɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɡɚ
ɝɨɥɹɦɛɪɨɣɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ƒ ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟɪɟɠɟɳɢɬɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɨɫɬɪɢ
ɢ ɱɢɫɬɢ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ ɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɧɢɬɟ ɪɟɠɟɳɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ ɫ ɨɫɬɪɢ ɪɟɠɟɳɢ ɪɴɛɨɜɟ ɩɨ
ɪɹɞɤɨɛɥɨɤɢɪɚɬɢɫɟɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɜɚɬɩɨɥɟɫɧɨ
ƒ ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɬɟ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɢɬɟ ɦɭ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ ɜ ɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɡɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɢɩɨɧɚɱɢɧɚɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɡɚɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɢɹɬɢɩ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɤɚɬɨ ɜɡɟɦɚɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɜɢɞ
ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɬɚ ɧɚ ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ ɢ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚ
ɧɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɚ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɡɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɚ
ɨɬɬɚɡɢɡɚɤɨɹɬɨɟɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɦɨɠɟɞɚ
ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɨɩɚɫɧɚɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɹ
ɋȿɊȼɂɁɇɈɈȻɋɅɍɀȼȺɇȿ
ƒ Ɋɟɦɨɧɬɴɬɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɨɬɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɚɧ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬ ɩɪɢ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚ ɫɚɦɨ
ɧɚ ɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɧɢ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɧɢ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɉɨ ɬɨɡɢ
ɧɚɱɢɧ ɫɟ ɨɫɢɝɭɪɹɜɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɚɬɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
,9DzȜȝȨșțȖȠȓșțȖ
ȝȞȎȐȖșȎȕȎ
ȏȓȕȜȝȎȟțȜȟȠȕȎ
ȡȒȎȞțȖȑȎȗȘȜȐȓȞȠȖ
ƒ Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɡɚ ɢɡɨɥɢɪɚɧɢɬɟɩɨɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬɢɡɚɡɚɯɜɚɳɚɧɟɩɪɢɢɡɩɴɥɧɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹɩɪɢɤɨɹɬɨɟɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨ
ɡɚɜɢɜɚɧɢɹɬɜɢɧɬɞɚɫɟɞɨɩɪɟɞɨɫɤɪɢɬɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɚɥɚɰɢɹȾɨɩɢɪɴɬɞɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɢɤɩɨɞ
ɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ ɳɟ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɢ ɩɨɞ ɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ
ɦɟɬɚɥɧɢɬɟɱɚɫɬɢɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɢ
ɳɟɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɬɨɤɨɜɭɞɚɪɜɴɪɯɭɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ
45
BG
17.3.2006 . 09:59:35
ƒ Ɍɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɨɫɴɡɧɚɟɬɟ ɱɟ ɬɨɡɢ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧ
ɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɜɢɧɚɝɢ ɟ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɨ ɫɴɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
ɡɚɳɨɬɨɧɟɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɞɚɛɴɞɟɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɜ
ɦɪɟɠɚɬɚȼɢɧɚɝɢɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚɜ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɂɁɄɅɘɑȿɇɈɤɨɝɚɬɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɬɟ
ɢɥɢɫɜɚɥɹɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
9DzȜȝȨșțȖȠȓșțȖ
ȝȞȎȐȖșȎȕȎȞȎȏȜȠȎ
ȟȨȟȕȎȞȭȒțȜȠȜ
ȡȟȠȞȜȗȟȠȐȜ
ƒ ɉɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟ ɜɫɢɱɤɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɢ ɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɧɢ
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɢɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɤɚɤɬɨɢɫɚɦɢɬɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɟɠɞɚɣɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɢɫɚɦɨɜɡɚɤɪɢɬɢɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɬɴɣ ɤɚɬɨ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɟ
ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɨɫɚɦɨɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɚɡɚɤɪɢɬɨ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ Ⱥɤɨ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɟ
ɧɚɩɭɤɚɧɚ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɚ ɩɨ ɧɹɤɚɤɴɜ
ɞɪɭɝ ɧɚɱɢɧ ɧɟ ɹ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟ ɜ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɋɴɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɚɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɨɬɬɨɤɨɜ
ɭɞɚɪ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ
ɩɨɩɚɞɚɧɟɧɚɤɚɤɜɚɬɨɢɞɚɟɬɟɱɧɨɫɬɜɤɨɧɬɚɤɬ
ɫɴɫ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɋɴɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɚ
ɪɢɫɤɨɬɬɨɤɨɜɭɞɚɪ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɨ
ɞɚɪɚɛɨɬɢɫɚɦɨɢɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɨɫɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
63$5.< ɜɥɢɡɚɳɚ ɜ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚ ɧɚ ɞɨɫɬɚɜɤɚɬɚȼɫɹɤɚɤɜɚɞɪɭɝɚɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɴɡɞɚɞɟɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɨɬɩɨɠɚɪɢɥɢɬɨɤɨɜɭɞɚɪ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɢɞɨɫɬɚɜɟɧɚɬɚɫɧɟɝɨ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɫɚɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɞɚɪɚɛɨɬɹɬɫɚɦɨ
ɡɚɟɞɧɨɇɟɫɟɨɩɢɬɜɚɣɬɟɞɚɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɫɞɪɭɝɨɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɫɜɟɧɫ
ɬɨɜɚɤɨɟɬɨɜɥɢɡɚɜɞɨɫɬɚɜɤɚɬɚ
ƒ ɇɟɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟɧɢɤɚɤɜɢɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɢɜɴɪɯɭɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɬɴɣɤɚɬɨɬɨɜɚɦɨɠɟɞɚ
ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɩɪɟɝɪɹɜɚɧɟɇɟɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜɛɥɢɡɨɫɬɞɨɤɚɤɴɜɬɨɢ
ɞɚɛɢɥɨɢɡɬɨɱɧɢɤɧɚɬɨɩɥɢɧɚ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɡɞɴɪɩɜɚɣɬɟ ɲɧɭɪɚ ɧɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɡɚɞɚɝɨɢɡɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɨɬɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚɦɪɟɠɚ
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46
pages-GUR 12S.indd 46
ƒ ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɲɧɭɪɴɬɧɚɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɟɪɚɡɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɬɚɤɚɱɟɞɚɧɟɦɨɠɟɞɚ
ɛɴɞɟɫɬɴɩɤɚɧɞɚɧɟɫɟɩɪɟɩɴɜɚɬɜɧɟɝɨɞɚ
ɧɟ ɛɴɞɟ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɞɥɨɠɟɧ ɧɚ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɱɧɨɧɚɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɧɟ
ƒ ɇɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɭɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɢ ɨɫɜɟɧ ɚɤɨ
ɬɨɜɚ ɟ ɤɪɚɣɧɨ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɍɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɧɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳ ɭɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɫɴɡɞɚɞɟ
ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɨɬɩɨɠɚɪɢɥɢɬɨɤɨɜɭɞɚɪ
ƒ ɇɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɚɤɨɟ
ɛɢɥɨɩɨɞɥɨɠɟɧɨɧɚɫɢɥɟɧɭɞɚɪɢɡɬɴɪɜɚɧɨ
ɢɥɢɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɨɩɨɤɚɤɴɜɬɨɢɞɚɟɛɢɥɨɧɚɱɢɧɇɟɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟɫɴɫɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɚɤɨ ɧɟɝɨɜɢɹɬ ɲɧɭɪ ɢɥɢ ɳɟɩɫɟɥ ɫɚ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɢɬɟɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɧɟɡɚɛɚɜɧɨɩɨɞɦɟɧɟɧɢɉɪɟɞɚɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɫɟɪɜɢɡɡɚɩɪɟɝɥɟɞɢɥɢɪɟɦɨɧɬ
ƒ ɇɟ ɪɚɡɝɥɨɛɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɉɪɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬ ɨɬ ɪɟɦɨɧɬ ɫɟ ɨɛɴɪɧɟɬɟ ɤɴɦ ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧ ɫɟɪɜɢɡ ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨ
ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨ ɫɝɥɨɛɹɜɚɧɟ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ
ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɨɬɩɨɠɚɪɢɥɢɬɨɤɨɜɭɞɚɪ
ƒ Ɂɚɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɬɚɨɬɬɨɤɨɜɭɞɚɪ
ɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɨɬɦɪɟɠɚɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟ ɋɚɦɨ ɫɜɚɥɹɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɧɟɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɬɚɡɢɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ
ƒ ɇɢɤɨɝɚɧɟɫɟɨɩɢɬɜɚɣɬɟɞɚɫɜɴɪɠɟɬɟɡɚɟɞɧɨ
ɞɜɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɢɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ƒ Ɍɨɜɚɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɟɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɨɞɚ
ɫɟ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚ ɨɬ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɚ ɦɪɟɠɚ ɡɚ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɧɟ±9ɇɟɫɟɨɩɢɬɜɚɣɬɟɞɚ
ɫɜɴɪɠɟɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɤɴɦɦɪɟɠɚ
ɫɞɪɭɝɨɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɨɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ
ƒ Ⱥɤɨɠɟɥɚɟɬɟɞɚɡɚɪɟɞɢɬɟɜɬɨɪɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɬɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɨɬ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚɦɪɟɠɚɢɝɨɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɞɚɫɟɨɯɥɚɞɢ
ɩɨɧɟ ɡɚ ɦɢɧɭɬɢ ɋɥɟɞ ɤɚɬɨ ɬɨɜɚ ɜɪɟɦɟ
ɢɡɦɢɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɞɚ ɡɚɪɟɞɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɜɚɳɚɬɚ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹ
ƒ ɉɪɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɨɜɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚɦɪɟɠɚ
ɱɭɠɞ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɤɴɫɨ
ɫɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɨɬɤɪɢɬɢɬɟ ɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɢ ɜ
ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɉɪɨɜɨɞɹɳɢɬɟɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɤɚɬɨɛɟɡɫɬɨɜɚɞɚɫɟɢɡɱɟɪɩɜɚɬ ɜɫɢɱɤɢ ɫɚ ɫɬɨɦɚɧɟɧɚ ɜɴɥɧɚ ɚɥɭɦɢɧɢɟɜɨɮɨɥɢɨɢɥɢɤɚɤɴɜɬɨɢɞɚɛɢɥɨɞɪɭɝ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɬɦɟɬɚɥɧɢɱɚɫɬɢɰɢɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟ
ɞɴɪɠɚɬ ɧɚɫɬɪɚɧɚ ɨɬ ɤɭɯɢɧɢɬɟ ɧɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɤɨɝɚɬɨ ɜ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɧɟɟɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɝɨɢɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɣɬɟ ɨɬ ɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɂɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɣɬɟ
ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟ
ɞɚɝɨɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɬɟ
ƒ ɇɟɡɚɦɪɚɡɹɜɚɣɬɟɢɧɟɩɨɬɚɩɹɣɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜɴɜɜɨɞɚɢɥɢɞɪɭɝɚɬɟɱɧɨɫɬ
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:35
9,DzȜȝȨșțȖȠȓșțȖ
ȝȞȎȐȖșȎȕȎȞȎȏȜȠȎ
ȟȏȎȠȓȞȖȭȠȎ
ƒ ȻɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɡɚɬɨɡɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɫɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɹɧɟɞɨɡɚɪɟɞɟɧɚȻɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟ
ɡɚɪɟɞɢɧɚɩɴɥɧɨɩɪɟɞɢɡɚɩɨɱɜɚɧɟɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ƒ ɇɟ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɣɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɜɴɜ
ɜɥɚɠɧɚɢɥɢɦɨɤɪɚɫɪɟɞɚ
ƒ Ɇɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɧɚ ɞɴɥɝɨɬɪɚɣɧɨɫɬ ɢ ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɟɩɨɫɬɢɝɧɚɬɚɤɨ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɫɟɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɩɪɢɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɧɚ
ɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚ ɫɪɟɞɚ ž)±ž) ž&±ž& ɇɟ
ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɣɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɩɪɢɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɧɚ
ɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚɫɪɟɞɚɩɨɞž)ž&ɢɥɢɧɚɞ
ž)ž&Ɍɨɜɚɢɦɚɝɨɥɹɦɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ
ɢ ɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɚ ɡɚ ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɹɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ
ɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɢɩɨɜɪɟɞɢɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ƒ ɉɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɢɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɚɬɨɩɥɢɧɚɞɨɩɢɪ Ɍɨɜɚ ɟ ɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨ ɢ ɧɟ ɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥ ɡɚ
ɧɚɥɢɱɢɟɧɚɩɪɨɛɥɟɦ
ƒ Ɂɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢ ɩɪɟɝɪɹɜɚɧɟ ɧɟ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɣɬɟ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɢ ɧɚ ɞɢɪɟɤɬɧɚ ɫɥɴɧɱɟɜɚ
ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚɜɝɨɪɟɳɨɜɪɟɦɟɢɥɢɜɛɥɢɡɨɫɬɞɨ
ɢɡɬɨɱɧɢɰɢɧɚɬɨɩɥɢɧɚ
ƒ ɇɟɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɣɬɟɜɤɚɛɢɧɚɢɥɢɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɉɨ
ɜɪɟɦɟ ɧɚ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɬɨ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚ ɫɟ ɧɚɦɢɪɚ ɜ ɞɨɛɪɟ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɢɪɚɧɨ ɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ
ƒ ȼɪɟɞɤɢɫɥɭɱɚɢɩɪɢɬɟɠɴɤɪɟɠɢɦɧɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɟɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɚɩɨɹɜɚɧɚɧɟɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɧɨ
ɢɡɬɢɱɚɧɟɧɚɬɟɱɧɨɫɬɨɬɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɌɨɜɚɧɟ
ɭɤɚɡɜɚɧɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬȼɫɟɩɚɤɚɤɨɜɴɧɲɧɨɬɨ
ɭɩɥɴɬɧɟɧɢɟɟɧɚɪɭɲɟɧɨɢɜɴɪɯɭɤɨɠɚɬɚȼɢ
ɩɨɩɚɞɧɟɬɟɱɧɨɫɬ
Ȼɴɪɡɨɫɟɢɡɦɢɣɬɟɫɴɫɫɚɩɭɧɢɜɨɞɚ
ɇɟɭɬɪɚɥɢɡɢɪɚɣɬɟ ɦɹɫɬɨɬɨ ɫɴɫ ɫɥɚɛɚ ɤɢɫɟɥɢɧɚɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪɥɢɦɨɧɨɜɫɨɤɢɥɢɨɰɟɬ
Ⱥɤɨɜɨɱɢɬɟȼɢɩɨɩɚɞɧɟɬɟɱɧɨɫɬɨɬɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɢɡɩɥɚɤɧɟɬɟɝɢɨɛɢɥɧɨɫɱɢɫɬɚɜɨɞɚɡɚ
ɩɨɧɟɦɢɧɭɬɢɢɜɟɞɧɚɝɚɩɨɬɴɪɫɟɬɟɦɟɞɢɰɢɧɫɤɚɩɨɦɨɳɁɚɛɟɥɟɠɤɚɌɟɱɧɨɫɬɬɚɟ
ɪɚɡɬɜɨɪɧɚɤɚɥɢɟɜɯɢɞɪɨɨɤɢɫ
ƒ Ⱥɤɨɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɧɟɫɟɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɟɬɟɡɚɧɚɥɢɱɢɟɧɚɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟɜ
ɦɪɟɠɨɜɢɹɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɫɥɚɦɩɚɢɥɢɮɚɡɨɦɟɪ
ɉɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɫ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɧɚ ɦɹɫɬɨ ɤɴɞɟɬɨ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɬɚɧɚɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚɫɪɟɞɚɟɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɧɨ
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Ⱥɤɨ ɜɴɩɪɟɤɢ ɬɨɜɚ ɢɦɚ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦ ɫɴɫ
ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɬɨ ɡɚɧɟɫɟɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɢɡɩɪɚɬɟɬɟ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɫɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɢɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɢɹɫɟɪɜɢɡ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
pages-GUR 12S.indd 47
ƒ Ȼɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɡɚɪɟɞɢɤɨɝɚɬɨɩɪɟɫɬɚɧɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɠɞɚ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨ ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬ
ɡɚɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢɤɨɢɬɨɩɪɟɞɢɫɚɛɢɥɢɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɢ ɫ ɥɟɤɨɬɚ ȼ ɬɚɤɴɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɣ ɉɊȿɍɋɌȺɇɈȼȿɌȿɊȺȻɈɌȺɁɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɚɡɚ
ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɉɨɜɫɹɤɨɜɪɟɦɟɦɨɠɟɞɚɞɨɡɚɪɟɞɢɬɟɱɚɫɬɢɱɧɨɢɡɪɚɡɯɨɞɜɚɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɛɟɡ
ɬɨɜɚɞɚɣɧɚɜɪɟɞɢ
ƒ ɇɟɢɡɝɚɪɹɣɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɢɞɨɪɢɚɤɨɢɦɚɬɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɢ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɢ ɢɥɢ ɜɟɱɟ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɚɬ ɞɚ ɛɴɞɚɬ
ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɢȻɚɬɟɪɢɢɬɟɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɞɢɪɚɬɜɨɝɴɧɹ
ƒ Ɂɚɞɚɫɟɭɥɟɫɧɢɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ɫɥɟɞɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɜɝɨɪɟɳɨɜɪɟɦɟɢɡɛɹɝɜɚɣɬɟ
ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɢɥɢ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɜ ɦɟɬɚɥɟɧ ɧɚɜɟɫ ɢɥɢ ɤɚɪɚɜɚɧɚ
ɛɟɡɬɨɩɥɢɧɧɚɢɡɨɥɚɰɢɹ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɇɢɤɨɝɚɧɟɫɟɨɩɢɬɜɚɣɬɟ
ɞɚ ɨɬɜɨɪɢɬɟ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɩɨ ɤɚɤɜɚɬɨ ɢ ɞɚ
ɛɢɥɨɩɪɢɱɢɧɚȺɤɨɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɨɜɢɹɤɨɪɩɭɫɧɚ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɫɟ ɫɱɭɩɢ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɩɭɤɚ ɩɪɟɞɚɣɬɟ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɜɫɟɪɜɢɡɡɚɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟ
ɉɊȿȾɂȾȺɈɉɂɌȺɌȿȾȺɁȺɊȿȾɂɌȿȻȺɌȿɊɂəɌȺɁȺɋȼɈəȿɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌɉɊɈɑȿɌȿɌȿȼɋɂɑɄɂɂɇɋɌɊɍɄɐɂɂȼɊȺɁȾȿɅȺ
ɁȺɁȺɊəȾɇɈɌɈɍɋɌɊɈɃɋɌȼɈ
ƒ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹ
63$5.<ɬɚɡɢɞɨɫɬɚɜɟɧɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭ
ɦɟɧɬɚɢɥɢɪɟɡɟɪɜɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɨɱɧɨɤɚɬɨɧɟɹ
ɇɢɤɨɝɚ ɧɟ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟ ɧɢɤɚɤɜɚ ɞɪɭɝɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɌɨɜɚɳɟɩɨɜɪɟɞɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɢɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɨɩɚɫɧɚɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɹ
ƒ Ɂɚɪɟɠɞɚɣɬɟ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɢɬɟ ɫɚɦɨ ɫɴɫ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɢ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ63$5.<
ƒ Ȼɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɫɟ ɫɴɫɬɨɢ ɨɬ ɧɢɤɟɥɤɚɞɦɢɟɜɢ
ɤɥɟɬɤɢɋɱɢɬɚɫɟɱɟɤɚɞɦɢɹɬɟɨɬɪɨɜɧɨɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɨɇɟɢɡɯɜɴɪɥɹɣɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɢɬɟɡɚɟɞɧɨ
ɫɛɢɬɨɜɢɬɟɨɬɩɚɞɴɰɢȻɚɬɟɪɢɢɬɟɫɥɟɞɜɚɞɚ
ɫɟɫɴɛɢɪɚɬɨɬɞɟɥɧɨɢɞɚɫɟɩɪɟɞɚɜɚɬɡɚɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟɫɩɨɪɟɞɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɬɚɡɚɨɩɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚɫɪɟɞɚ
ɉɈɋɌȺȼəɇȿɂɂɁȼȺɀȾȺɇȿ
ɇȺȻȺɌȿɊɂəɌȺ
Ɂɚɞɚɢɡɜɚɞɢɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɧɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪɢɬɟ ɡɚ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɚɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɢ ɹ
ɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟɧɚɜɴɧ
Ɂɚɞɚɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɉɨɞɪɚɜɧɟɬɟɩɥɴɡɝɚɱɢɬɟ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɫ ɱɟɬɢɪɢɬɟ
ɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪɚ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɢ ɩɪɢɩɥɴɡɧɟɬɟ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɜ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɞɨɤɚɬɨ ɫɟ
ɱɭɟɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɨɬɨɩɪɢɳɪɚɤɜɚɧɟɎɢɝ
47
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:35
ɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɟɝɨɬɨɜɨɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɩɨɞɪɚɜɧɟɬɟɩɥɴɡɝɚɱɢɬɟɎɢɝ'ɧɚ
ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɫ ɱɟɬɢɪɢɬɟ ɮɢɤɫɚɬɨɪɚ
Ɏɢɝ (ɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɉɥɴɡɧɟɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ɧɚɩɪɟɞɜɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɞɨɭɩɨɪ
Ɏɢɝɭɪɚ
ɍɄȺɁȺɇɂəɁȺɁȺɊȿɀȾȺɇȿɇȺȻȺɌȿɊɂɂ
ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɧɚɞɨɥɭɡɚɞɚɫɬɟɫɢɝɭɪɧɢɱɟɢɦɚɞɨɛɪɚɜɪɴɡɤɚɦɟɠɞɭɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɢɬɚ ɧɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɢ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
Ɍɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɜɟɬɧɟɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚɤɨɟɬɨ
ɫɢɝɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɚ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɧɚ ɛɴɪɡɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ
Ⱥɤɨ ɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ ɩɪɢɦɢɝɜɚ ɬɨɜɚ ɟ
ɢɧɞɢɤɚɰɢɹɱɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɟɧɚɩɴɥɧɨɪɚɡɪɟɞɟɧɚɢɥɢɟɝɨɪɟɳɚȺɤɨɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɟɝɨɪɟɳɚ
ɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ ɳɟ ɩɪɟɫɬɚɧɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɢɦɢɝɜɚɢɳɟɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɞɚɫɜɟɬɢɧɟɩɪɟɤɴɫɧɚɬɨ
ɜɟɞɧɚɝɚɳɨɦɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɢɡɫɬɢɧɟȺɤɨɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɟɧɚɩɴɥɧɨɪɚɡɪɟɞɟɧɚɫɥɟɞɩɨɜɢɲɚɜɚɧɟɧɚɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟɬɨɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ
ɳɟɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɞɚɫɜɟɬɢɧɟɩɪɟɤɴɫɧɚɬɨɨɛɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɨɫɥɟɞɨɤɨɥɨɦɢɧɭɬɢȺɤɨɫɥɟɞɟɞɢɧ
ɱɚɫɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚɜɫɟɨɳɟɩɪɢɦɢɝɜɚ
ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɟ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɧɚ ɢ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɛɴɞɟ
ɡɚɦɟɧɟɧɚɁɟɥɟɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚɫɜɟɬɜɚɤɨɝɚɬɨ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɟ ɧɚɩɴɥɧɨ ɡɚɪɟɞɟɧɚ ɢɥɢ ɟ ɜ
ɛɚɜɟɧɪɟɠɢɦɧɚɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɡɚɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɧɟ
ɧɚɧɢɜɨɬɨɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚȺɤɨɫɜɟɬɧɟɠɴɥɬɚ
ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚɚɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚɩɪɢɦɢɝɜɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ɟɞɟɮɟɤɬɧɚȼɴɪɧɟɬɟɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɜ
ɦɚɝɚɡɢɧɚ
ɋɥɟɞɤɚɬɨɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɟɜɟɱɟɧɚɩɴɥɧɨɡɚɪɟɞɟɧɚ ɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ ɳɟ ɭɝɚɫɧɟ ɢ ɳɟ
ɫɜɟɬɧɟɡɟɥɟɧɚɬɚ
ɋɥɟɞɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɚɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɟɞɢɧ
ɱɚɫ ɡɚ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɞɨɤɪɚɣ
ȼɪɟɦɟɬɨ ɡɚ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɧɚɩɴɥɧɨ ɪɚɡɪɟɞɟɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɟòɱɚɫɚ
ɉɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ ɧɚ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɫɟ ɡɚɬɨɩɥɹɌɨɜɚɟɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨɢɧɟɟɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɡɚ
ɧɚɥɢɱɢɟɧɚɩɪɨɛɥɟɦ
ɇɟ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɜ
ɬɜɴɪɞɟɝɨɪɟɳɨɢɥɢɬɜɴɪɞɟɫɬɭɞɟɧɨɦɹɫɬɨ
Ɂɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɢ ɧɚɣɞɨɛɪɟ
ɩɪɢɫɬɚɣɧɚɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟɬɨɧɚɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚ ɦɪɟɠɚ ɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɚ ɧɚ ɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɨɬɨ ɜɴɪɯɭ
ɬɚɛɟɥɤɚɬɚ ɫ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɞɚɧɧɢ ɧɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɋɜɴɪɠɟɬɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɤɴɦ ɦɪɟɠɚɬɚ Ɍɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɜɟɬɧɟ ɨɪɚɧɠɟɜɚɬɚ
ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ$ɎɢɝɌɨɜɚɩɨɤɚɡɜɚɱɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨ-
BG
48
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ɑɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ Ɏɢɝ % ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɡɚɩɨɱɧɟ ɞɚ ɫɜɟɬɢ ɧɟɩɪɟɤɴɫɧɚɬɨ ɫ ɤɨɟɬɨ ɭɤɚɡɜɚ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɧɚ ³ɛɴɪɡɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ´ ɋɥɟɞ ɨɤɨɥɨ
ɟɞɢɧ ɱɚɫ ɱɟɪɜɟɧɢɹɬ ɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪ ɡɚ ³Ȼɴɪɡɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ´ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɭɝɚɫɧɟɫɤɨɟɬɨɫɟɭɤɚɡɜɚ
ɱɟɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɟɧɚɩɴɥɧɨɡɚɪɟɞɟɧɚɢɱɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɟɜɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɳɪɟɠɢɦ³Ȼɚɜɧɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ´ ɡɟɥɟɧɚ ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ Ȼɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɨɫɬɚɧɟ ɜ ɬɨɡɢ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɞɨɤɚɬɨ ɧɟ ȼɢ
ɩɨɬɪɹɛɜɚ
Ⱦ
ɞ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɪɢ ɜɤɚɪɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɜɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɚɤɨɨɪɚɧɠɟɜɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ ɡɚɩɨɱɧɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɢɦɢɝɜɚ
Ɏɢɝ$ ɚ ɡɟɥɟɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ Ɏɢɝ &
ɡɚɩɨɱɧɟ ɞɚ ɫɜɟɬɢ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ ɫ ɤɨɟɬɨ ɫɢɝɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɚɱɟɢɥɢɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɟɫɬɜɴɪɞɟɜɢɫɨɤɚɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɢɥɢɱɟɟɫɬɜɴɪɞɟɧɢɫɤɨ
ɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ ɦɨɥɹ ɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɜ
ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɬɨ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɨɳɟɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɤɨɝɚɬɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɬɚ
ɧɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɟ ɦɟɠɞɭ ž) ž& ɢ ž)
ž&ɢɥɢɤɨɝɚɬɨɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟɬɨɣɞɨɫɬɢɝɧɟɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨɬɨɌɨɝɚɜɚɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ
ɳɟɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɞɚɫɜɟɬɢɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨɚɡɟɥɟɧɚɬɚ
ɫɜɟɬɥɢɚɳɟɭɝɚɫɧɟ
ɞ
ȼɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɨɬɫɬɚɣɧɚɬɚɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɮɚɡɧɨɬɨɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟɢɧɢɜɨɬɨɧɚɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɩɴɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɧɨɬɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ ɦɨɠɟ
ɞɚɨɬɧɟɦɟɩɨɜɟɱɟɨɬɟɞɢɧɱɚɫ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɧɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɝɨɢɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɣɬɟɨɬɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚɦɪɟɠɚ
Ɏɢɝɭɪɚ
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:36
ɆɈɇɌȺɀȾȿɆɈɇɌȺɀɇȺȼɅɈɀɄȺɌ
ɁȺɍȾȺɊɇɈȾȿɃɋɌȼɂȿ
Ɏɢɝɭɪɚ
ȼȺɀɇȺɂɇɎɈɊɆȺɐɂəɁȺɉɊȿɁȺɊȿɀȾȺɇȿɌɈɇȺȽɈɊȿɓɂȻȺɌȿɊɂɂ
ɉɪɢ ɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧ
ɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɳɟɫɟɡɚɝɪɟɟɌɪɹɛɜɚɞɚ
ɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟ ɝɨɪɟɳɚɬɚ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɨɯɥɚɞɢ ɡɚ
ɨɤɨɥɨɦɢɧɭɬɢɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɫɟɨɩɢɬɚɬɟɞɚɹɡɚɪɟɞɢɬɟɄɨɝɚɬɨɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɫɟɪɚɡɪɟɞɢɢɟɝɨɪɟɳɚ
ɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚɧɚɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɳɟ ɡɚɩɨɱɧɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɢɦɢɝɜɚ Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
ɫɟ ɨɯɥɚɞɢ ɱɟɪɜɟɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ ɳɟ ɡɚɩɨɱɧɟ
ɞɚɫɜɟɬɢɧɟɩɪɟɤɴɫɧɚɬɨɫɤɨɟɬɨɭɤɚɡɜɚɪɟɠɢɦ
ɧɚ ɛɴɪɡɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ ɫ ɜɪɟɦɟɬɪɚɟɧɟ ɱɚɫ
ɐɟɧɬɪɢɪɚɣɬɟɨɬɜɨɪɚɧɚɜɥɨɠɤɚɬɚɢɹɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɜɴɪɯɭɜɪɟɬɟɧɨɬɨɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɞɨɤɚɬɨɧɟɫɟɮɢɤɫɢɪɚɎɢɝ.
ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟ ɚɪɟɬɢɪɚ ɩɪɟɡ ɨɬɜɨɪɚ ɢ ɫɜɚɥɟɬɟ
ɜɥɨɠɤɚɬɚ
Ɂɚ ɞɚ ɫɜɚɥɢɬɟ ɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚɜɥɨɠɤɚɬɚ ɢɡɜɴɪɲɟɬɟɫɴɳɨɬɨɜɨɛɪɚɬɟɧɪɟɞ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɄɨɝɚɬɨɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɲɟɫɬɨɫɬɟɧɧɢɹɚɞɚɩɬɟɪɢɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚɤɨɡɚɤɥɸɱɜɚɳɚɬɚ ɦɭɮɚ ɧɟ ɫɟ ɜɪɴɳɚ ɜ ɧɚɱɚɥɧɨɬɨ ɫɢ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɴɬ ɧɟ H ɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɧ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟ
ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚɜɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɨɤɨɝɚɬɨ
ɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɬɟɢɥɢɫɜɚɥɹɬɟɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɰɢ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ Ɍɨɜɚ ɫɟ ɩɪɨɹɜɹɜɚ ɫɚɦɨ ɫɥɟɞ
ɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ɤɨɝɚɬɨɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɟɡɚɝɪɹɬɚɉɪɢɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɢɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɬɨɜɚɧɟɫɟɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɜɚ
9,,ǵȎȝȜȕțȎȐȎțȓȟȓșȓȘ
ȠȞȜȖțȟȠȞȡȚȓțȠȎ
ɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱ
Ʌɨɫɬɡɚɫɦɹɧɚɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ
Ƚɧɟɡɞɨɡɚɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤ
Ⱥɤɭɦɭɥɚɬɨɪɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹ
Ɂɚɪɹɞɧɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɋɜɟɬɨɞɢɨɞɟɧɢɧɞɢɤɚɬɨɪɡɚɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ
9,,,ȁȘȎȕȎțȖȭȕȎȞȎȏȜȠȎ
Ɏɢɝɭɪɚ
ɅɈɋɌɁȺɋɆəɇȺɉɈɋɈɄȺɌȺ
ɇȺȼɔɊɌȿɇȿ
ɉɪɢɧɚɬɢɫɤɚɧɟɧɚɞɹɫɧɚɬɚɫɬɪɚɧɚɧɚɥɨɫɬɚɧɚ
ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ ɝɥɟɞɚɧɨ ɨɬɡɚɞ ɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɴɬ ɫɟ
ɜɴɪɬɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɫɨɤɚ ɧɚ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚ ɫɬɪɟɥɤɚ
Ɂɚ ɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ ɧɚ ɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚ ɜ ɩɨɫɨɤɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɚ
ɧɚɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɥɨɫɬɴɬɫɟɧɚɬɢɫɤɚ
ɨɬɥɹɜɨɎɢɝ.
ɁȺȾȿɃɋɌȼȺɇȿɇȺɉɊȿɄɔɋȼȺɑȺ
Ɂɚ ɞɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɧɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚɁɚɞɚɫɩɪɟɬɟ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚ
ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ
ȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬ ɟ ɫɧɚɛɞɟɧ ɫɴɫ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚȿɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬɫɩɢɪɚɜɟɞɧɚɝɚ ɳɨɦ ɨɬɩɭɫɧɟɬɟ ɧɚɩɴɥɧɨ ɥɨɫɬɚ ɧɚ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ
ɋɭɜɟɥɢɱɚɜɚɧɟɧɚɧɚɬɢɫɤɚɜɴɪɯɭɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚɫɟɩɨɜɢɲɚɜɚɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
pages-GUR 12S.indd 49
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ Ʌɨɫɬɴɬ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ
ɛɴɞɟ ɧɚɬɢɫɤɚɧ ɞɨɤɚɬɨ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬ
ɫɟ ɜɴɪɬɢ Ɂɚ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ ɫɩɪɟɬɟ ɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɢ ɟɞɜɚ ɬɨɝɚɜɚ
ɫɦɟɧɟɬɟɫɥɨɫɬɚɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ
49
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:36
ɳɢɹ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɫ ɞɢɧɚɦɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɧ ɤɥɸɱ ɬɴɣ
ɤɚɬɨɬɨɣɡɚɜɢɫɢɨɬɦɧɨɝɨɮɚɤɬɨɪɢɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɧɨ
Ɏɢɝɭɪɚ
ɋɆəɇȺɇȺɑȿɌɄɂɌȿ
ɊɚɡɜɢɣɬɟɞɨɤɪɚɣɤɚɩɚɱɤɚɬɚɎɢɝ$.
ɋɥɟɞɬɨɜɚɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟɱɟɬɤɚɬɚɨɬɱɟɬɤɨɞɴɪɠɚɱɚ
ɂɡɧɨɫɟɧɢɬɟɱɟɬɤɢɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɩɨɞɦɟɧɹɬɫ
ɧɨɜɢ ɤɨɢɬɨ ɫɟ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɬ ɜ ɱɟɬɤɨɞɴɪɠɚɱɚ ɜ
ɫɴɳɨɬɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɜɤɨɟɬɨɱɟɬɤɢɬɟɫɚɛɢɥɢ
ɩɪɟɞɢɬɨɜɚ
Ɉɬɧɨɜɨɡɚɬɟɝɧɟɬɟɤɚɩɚɱɤɚɬɚ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɟɬɟ ɞɚɥɢ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬ
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɚɉɪɟɞɢɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɩɭɫɧɟɬɟɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɡɚɧɹɤɨɥɤɨɦɢɧɭɬɢɧɚɩɪɚɡɟɧɯɨɞɡɚ
ɞɚɫɟɧɚɩɚɫɧɚɬɱɟɬɤɢɬɟɢɤɨɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ
Ⱥ
Ɏɢɝɭɪɚ
ɊȺȻɈɌȺɋȿɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌȺ
ɋɥɟɞɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧ
ɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɝɨɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɞɚɩɨɱɢɧɟ
ɋɥɟɞɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧ
ɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɝɨɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɜɩɨɤɨɣɡɚɨɤɨɥɨ
ɦɢɧɭɬɢ ɫɥɟɞ ɤɚɬɨ ɩɨɞɦɟɧɢɬɟ ɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚ
Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚɢɞɪɫɟɩɨɜɢɲɚɜɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟ
ɞɚɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟɜɟɞɧɚɝɚɫɥɟɞɩɨɞɦɹɧɚɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹɬɚɤɨɟɬɨɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɢɡɝɚɪɹɧɟ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɜɴɪɯɚ ɧɚ ɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚ ɜ ɝɥɚɜɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɜɢɧɬɚ Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɧɚɫɨɱɟɧ
ɩɪɚɜɨɤɴɦɜɢɧɬɚ
ɉɪɢɥɨɠɟɬɟ ɧɚɞɥɴɠɟɧ ɧɚɬɢɫɤ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɟ ɢɡɩɥɴɡɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ
ɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚɨɬɜɢɧɬɚ
ȼɤɥɸɱɟɬɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɡɚɞɚɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɜɴɪɬɹ-
BG
50
pages-GUR 12S.indd 50
ɇɢɫɤɨɬɨɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟɧɚ
ɩɨɱɬɢɢɡɬɨɳɟɧɚɛɚɬɟɪɢɹ
ɇɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ
ɩɨɧɢɠɚɜɚɡɚɬɹɝɚɳɢɹ
ɦɨɦɟɧɬ
ɇɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɹɬɪɚɡɦɟɪɧɚ
Ɋɚɡɦɟɪɧɚ
ɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚɢɥɢɜɥɨɠɤɚɬɚ
ɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚ
ɩɨɧɢɠɚɜɚɡɚɬɹɝɚɳɢɹ
ɢɥɢɜɥɨɠɤɚɬɚ
ɦɨɦɟɧɬ
ɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɫ Ɋɚɛɨɬɚɬɚɫ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɩɪɢ
ɩɥɚɜɧɨ
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɧɚ ɧɢɫɤɚɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɩɨɧɢɠɚɜɚ
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɬɚ
ɡɚɬɹɝɚɳɢɹɦɨɦɟɧɬ
Ʉɪɟɩɟɠɧɢɟɥɟɦɟɧɬɢɫɩɨ
ɝɨɥɹɦɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɬ
ɩɨɜɢɫɨɤɡɚɬɹɝɚɳɦɨɦɟɧɬ
Ɂɚɬɹɝɚɳɢɹɬɦɨɦɟɧɬ
Ɋɚɡɦɟɪɧɚ
ɫɟɩɪɨɦɟɧɹɫɴɳɨɢɜ
ɛɨɥɬɚ
ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɨɬɧɟɝɨɜɚɬɚ
ɞɴɥɠɢɧɚɢɤɥɚɫɢɨɬ
ɤɨɟɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɚɧɚɦɨɦɟɧɬD
ȼɢɞɴɬɧɚɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɢ
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨɬɨɧɚɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɬɚ
Ɇɚɬɟɪɢɚɥ
ɧɚɩɨɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬɬɚɦɭɜɥɢɹɹɬ
ɜɴɪɯɭɡɚɬɹɝɚɳɢɹɦɨɦɟɧɬ
ɍɞɴɥɠɟɧɨɬɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚ
ɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɟɩɨɪɚɠɞɚɩɨɜɢɫɨɤ
ɡɚɬɹɝɚɳɦɨɦɟɧɬɉɪɢɥɚɝɚɧɟ
ɧɚɭɞɴɥɠɟɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɡɚ
ɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɟɧɚɞɯɜɴɪɥɹɳɨ
ȼɪɟɦɟɡɚ
ɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɢɬɟɥɧɨɬɨ
ɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɟ
ɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ
ɫɜɪɴɯɧɚɩɪɟɠɟɧɢɟ
ɪɚɡɜɚɥɹɧɟɧɚɪɟɡɛɚɬɚɢɥɢ
ɩɨɜɪɟɞɚɧɚɤɪɟɩɟɠɧɢɹ
ɟɥɟɦɟɧɬ
ɇɚɎɢɝɢɫɚɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɫɩɪɚɜɨɱɧɢɫɬɨɣɧɨɫɬɢ
ɡɚ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳ ɡɚɬɹɝɚɳ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ ɡɚ ɛɨɥɬ ɫ ɨɛɳɨ
ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɢɧɚɜɢɫɨɤɨɹɤɨɫɬɟɧɛɨɥɬ
Ɏɢɝɭɪɚ
GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:37
,;ǽȜȒȒȞȨȔȘȎ
ɉɈɑɂɋɌȼȺɇȿ
Ɏɢɝɭɪɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ Ɇɟɬɚɥɧɚɬɚ ɱɚɫɬ
ɧɚ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɚ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɧɚɝɨɪɟɳɢ ɩɪɢ
ɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
Ȼɴɞɟɬɟɜɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɢɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚ
Ɍɨɡɢ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱ ɟ ɫ ɜɝɪɚɞɟɧɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɢɤɚ
ɤɨɹɬɨ ɩɪɨɦɟɧɹ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ ɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ Ɂɚɬɨɜɚ ɤɨɝɚɬɨ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬ ɟ ɥɟɤɨ ɧɚɬɢɫɧɚɬ
ɧɢɫɤɚ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬ ɧɚ ɜɴɪɬɟɧɟ ɢ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬɫɩɪɟɩɪɢɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɨɡɚɜɢɜɚɧɟ
ɧɚɜɢɧɬɨɜɟɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɢɬɟɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɚɬɚ
ɫɯɟɦɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟɝɪɟɹɬɢɞɚɫɟɩɨɜɪɟɞɹɬ
Ɂɚɬɹɝɚɳɦɨɦɟɧɬ
Ɋɚɡɝɥɟɞɚɣɬɟ Ɏɢɝ ɢ ɩɨɤɚɡɜɚɳɢ ɡɚɬɹɝɚɳɢɹ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ .JIPP ɜɴɜ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ ɨɬ
ɜɪɟɦɟɬɨɡɚɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɟVɬɟɫɚɫɚɦɨɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɢɬɟɥɧɢɬɴɣɤɚɬɨɡɚɬɹɝɚɳɢɹɬɦɨɦɟɧɬɫɟ
ɩɪɨɦɟɧɹɜɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɨɬɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɢɬɟɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɩɪɢɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɟ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɉɪɟɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɟɬɨ ɦɨɠɟ
ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɫɱɭɩɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɜɢɧɬɚ ɢɥɢ
ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɧɚɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚ
ɉɪɢ ɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɜ ɭɞɚɪɟɧ ɪɟɠɢɦɜɢɧɬɨɜɟɬɟɫɟɡɚɬɹɝɚɬɦɧɨɝɨɫɢɥɧɨɌɨɜɚ
ɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɬɚɧɟɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɡɚɫɱɭɩɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɢɧɬ
ɢɥɢɞɚɩɨɜɪɟɞɢɧɚɤɪɚɣɧɢɤɚ
Ⱥɤɨ ɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɫɟ ɞɴɪɠɢ ɩɨɞ ɴɝɴɥ ɤɴɦ ɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɢɹɜɢɧɬɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɩɨɜɪɟɞɢɝɥɚɜɚɬɚ
ɧɚɜɢɧɬɚɢɥɢɜɴɪɬɹɳɢɹɬɦɨɦɟɧɬɧɹɦɚɞɚɫɟ
ɩɪɟɞɚɞɟɢɡɰɹɥɨɤɴɦɜɢɧɬɚȼɢɧɚɝɢɞɪɴɠɬɟ
ɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɢɹɜɢɧɬɩɨɞɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɧɚ
ɟɞɧɚɥɢɧɢɹ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
pages-GUR 12S.indd 51
ƒ ɉɪɢɜɴɪɬɹɳɫɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɩɪɨɞɭɯɚɣɬɟɡɚɦɴɪɫɹɜɚɧɢɹɬɚɢɩɪɚɯɚɨɬɜɫɢɱɤɢɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɨɬɜɨɪɢɫɴɫɫɭɯɫɝɴɫɬɟɧɜɴɡɞɭɯ
ɩɨɧɟ ɜɟɞɧɴɠ ɫɟɞɦɢɱɧɨ ɉɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ ɧɚ ɬɚɡɢ
ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹɧɨɫɟɬɟɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɧɢɨɱɢɥɚ
ƒ ȼɴɧɲɧɢɬɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɨɜɢ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɦɨɝɚɬ ɞɚ ɫɟ
ɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɬɫɧɚɜɥɚɠɧɟɧɚɤɴɪɩɚɢɫɥɚɛɩɪɟɩɚɪɚɬɡɚɦɢɟɧɟ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿȼɴɩɪɟɤɢɱɟɜɴɧɲɧɢɬɟ
ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɨɜɢ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɫɚ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɢ ɤɴɦ
ɪɚɡɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɢ ɇɂɄɈȽȺ ɧɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ
ɪɚɡɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɥɢ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɧɚ
ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ƒ Ɂɚɦɴɪɫɟɧɢɬɟ ɢ ɨɦɚɫɥɟɧɢ ɜɴɧɲɧɢ ɱɚɫɬɢ
ɧɚ ɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɬ
ɫɤɴɪɩɚɢɥɢɦɟɤɚɧɟɦɟɬɚɥɧɚɱɟɬɤɚɇɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɡɚ ɬɚɡɢ ɰɟɥ ɜɨɞɚ ɢ ɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɳɢ
ɪɚɡɬɜɨɪɢ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɉɪɟɞɢ ɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɬɟɡɚɪɹɞɧɨɬɨɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ
ɨɬɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɳɚɬɚɦɪɟɠɚ
ȼȺɀɇɈ Ɂɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɨɫɢɝɭɪɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɚɬɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɢ
ɧɟɝɨɜɚɬɚ ɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɫɬ ɜɫɢɱɤɢ ɞɟɣɧɨɫɬɢ
ɩɨ ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ ɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɬɚ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɬɨ
ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɧɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚɬɚ ɢ ɩɨɞɦɹɧɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɱɟɬɤɢɬɟɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɬɜɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɢɬɟɫɟɪɜɢɡɢɢɥɢɜɞɪɭɝɢɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɚɧɢ
ɫɟɪɜɢɡɧɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟ ɫɚɦɨ
ɧɚɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɧɢɪɟɡɟɪɜɧɢɱɚɫɬɢ
ɉɊɂɇȺȾɅȿɀɇɈɋɌɂɄɈɂɌɈɆɈȽȺɌ
ȾȺȻɔȾȺɌɂɁɉɈɅɁȼȺɇɂɋɌɈɁɂ
ȿɅȿɄɌɊɈɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌ
ɉɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɬɟ ɤɨɢɬɨ ɫɟ ɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚ ɞɚ
ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɫɬɨɡɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɦɨɠɟɬɟɞɚɫɢɞɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɩɪɢɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨɡɚɩɥɚɳɚɧɟɨɬɦɟɫɬɧɢɹɫɟɪɜɢɡɧɚ63$5.<
51
BG
17.3.2006 . 09:59:37
;DZȎȞȎțȤȖȭ
Ƚɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɢɹɬɫɪɨɤɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɬɟ
63$5.<ɫɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɜɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɚɤɚɪɬɚ
ɇɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɹɜɢɥɢ ɫɟ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɧɚ
ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟɧɨɢɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟɩɪɟɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɧɟɢɥɢɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚ ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ ɫɟ ɢɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɬ ɨɬ ɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɡɚɞɴɥɠɟɧɢɹ
ɇɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɹɜɢɥɢ ɫɟ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɧɚ
ɜɥɚɝɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɧɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢ ɢɢɥɢ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɢ ɝɪɟɲɤɢ ɫɟ ɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɹɜɚɬ ɛɟɡ
ɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨ ɡɚɩɥɚɳɚɧɟ ɱɪɟɡ ɡɚɦɹɧɚ ɢɥɢ
ɪɟɦɨɧɬ
Ɋɟɤɥɚɦɚɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɢɪɚɥ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭ
ɦɟɧɬ63$5.<ɫɟɩɪɢɡɧɚɜɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɫɟɜɴɪɧɟɧɚɞɨɫɬɚɜɱɢɤɚɢɥɢɫɟɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɧɚ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧ ɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɟɧ ɫɟɪɜɢɡ ɜ ɧɟɪɚɡɝɥɨɛɟɧɨɩɴɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɧɨɫɴɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
ǵȎȏȓșȓȔȘȖ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɨɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɰɹɥɚɬɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚ
ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɬɨɜɚɢɡɞɟɥɢɟ
ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹɬ ɫɢ ɡɚɩɚɡɜɚ ɩɪɚɜɨɬɨ ɞɚ ɜɴɜɟɠɞɚɩɨɞɨɛɪɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɦɟɧɢɜɫɜɨɢɬɟɢɡɞɟɥɢɹɢɞɚɩɪɨɦɟɧɹɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɬɟɛɟɡɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɋɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɬɟ ɦɨɝɚɬ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɚɜɚɬ ɡɚ
ɨɬɞɟɥɧɢɬɟɫɬɪɚɧɢ
BG
52
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GUR 12S
17.3.2006 . 09:59:37
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5
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17.3.2006 . 09:59:37
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5
pages-GUR 12S.indd 54
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5
pages-GUR 12S.indd 55
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"
5
pages-GUR 12S.indd 56
17.3.2006 . 09:59:37
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