Sparky Group TV 5545 User's manual

Sparky Group TV 5545 User's manual
www.sparkygroup.com
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72 – 90
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TV 5545
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This product has been tested at a computed kickback angle (CKA) of no greater than 23.5 degrees.
WARNING • PLEASE READ
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Contents
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I - Introduction
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Do not dispose of electrical products together with household waste!
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TV 5545 – Instruction Manual
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DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS
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instructions on its use.
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III - Safety instructions
for work with
gas chain saws
WARNING: When using gas tools,
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instructions before operating this product and
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or medication.
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chain saw at least 3 m from the fuelling point
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starting or cutting with the chain saw. Keep
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path from the falling tree.
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chain when the engine is running.
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trigger is released.
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saw down.
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brush and saplings because slender material
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areas.
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sonnel.
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appropriate guide bar scabbard.
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engine of chain saw is running.
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ate the saw. This prohibition does not concern
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the chain saw for purposes for which it was
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building materials.
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consumer or occasional user. This model is intend
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the fact that the gas chain saw is equipped with
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can reduce or eliminate the element of sur
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dents.
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maintain control of the saw. Don’t let go.
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ting is free from obstructions. Do not let the
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height.
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tenance instructions for the saw chain.
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met the kickback performance.
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leading cause of most accidents.
KICKBACK SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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wood closes in and pinches the saw chain in the
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Fig. 1A
Fig. 1B
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THE PUSH (PINCH
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closes in and pinches the saw chain in the cut.
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back toward the operator.
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from the operator.
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tempting to operate this unit.
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Fig. 2
WARNING:
1. Beware of kickback.
2. Do not attempt to hold saw with one hand.
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IV - Know your product
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19. Throttle Trigger
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and guard links.
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slips off the front handle while saw is running.
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depressed.
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Instruction Manual
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ing operation. The chain catcher is designed to
intercept a whipping chain.
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parts.
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the clutch drum and sprocket (Fig. 3D).
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guide bar (Fig. 3E).
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(A) pointing clockwise around loop (Fig. 3F).
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saw:
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ASSEMBLY REQUIREMENTS
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bar with the oil passage hole (A) as illustrated
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into the disengaged position (Fig. 3B).
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the sprocket teeth (Fig. 3G).
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around the end of the bar (Fig. 3G).
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gages the bar sprocket (Fig. 3H).
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ment hole on the bar (Fig. 3J).
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kit and install it so the bent edges (top and bot
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(Fig. 3L).
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Fig. 3H
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screw (D) clockwise to increase chain tension.
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(Fig. 4B).
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Fig. 4B
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ment (C).
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intended measure of protection if the saw is
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Instruction Manual
tv 5545-cs2.indd 7
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To test chain brake:
1. The chain brake is disengaged (chain can
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locked (Fig. 5A).
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ice centre for repair.
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fore starting unit (Fig. 6).
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C
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B
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Fig. 7E
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Fig. 6
Fig. 7F
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and then the latch (Fig. 7E).
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(Fig. 7G).
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instructions.
Instruction Manual
tv 5545-cs2.indd 9
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idle speed.
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(Fig 8).
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gine off and return the chain brake to the dis
engaged position.
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WKH DGMXVWPHQW VFUHZ $ DV VKRZQ LQ (Fig. 9).
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C
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Fig. 9
Fig. 8
VIII - General cutting
instructions
FELLING
WARNING: $FWLYDWH WKH FKDLQ EUDNH
VORZO\ DQG GHOLEHUDWHO\ .HHS WKH FKDLQ IURP
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forward.
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Adequate lubrication of the saw chain is essen
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cuts determine the direction the tree will fall.
WARNING: A retreat path (A) should
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to roll or slide downhill after it is felled.
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the location of larger branches and natural lean of
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tv 5545-cs2.indd 10
Fig. 10A
TV 5545
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WARNING: Do not cut down a tree
during high or changing winds or if there is a
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Do not cut down a tree if there is a danger of
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General guidelines for felling trees:
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6WDUWPDNLQJWKHXSSHUQRWFKFXW&RQWKHVLGHRI
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don’t make the lower cut too deep into the trunk.
The notch (C) should be deep enough to create
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notch should be wide enough to direct the fall of
the tree for as long as possible.
WARNING: %HIRUH PDNLQJ WKH ¿QDO
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animals or obstacles.
Felling cut:
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ELQGLQJWKHEDURUFKDLQ+LQWKHFXW:HGJHV
also control felling (Fig. 10C).
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(Fig. 10D).
Fig. 10C
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that has been notched.
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WKH WUHH DQG ± FP DERYH WKH HGJH RI WKH
notch (C) (Fig. 10B).
Fig. 10D
WARNING: As the felling cut gets close
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WUHH EHJLQV WR IDOO UHPRYH VDZ IURP FXW VWRS
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along retreat path (Fig. 10D).
LIMBING
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porting limbs (A) until after the log is bucked (cut)
into lengths (Fig. 11).
Branches under tension should be cut from the
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Fig. 10B
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rection is lost.
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Instruction Manual
tv 5545-cs2.indd 11
WARNING:1HYHUFXWWUHHOLPEVZKLOH
standing on tree trunk.
BUCKING
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VXUH\RXKDYHDJRRGIRRWLQJDQGVWDQGXSKLOORI
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the log from pinching the bar and chain. Be careful
that the chain does not cut into the ground when
bucking as this causes rapid dulling of the chain.
11
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uphill side.
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into the ground (Fig. 12A).
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WHULQJ6HFRQGFXWIURPDERYHRYHUEXFNWR
PHHW¿UVWFXWDQGDYRLGSLQFKLQJ(Fig. 12B).
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pinching (Fig. 12C).
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Fig. 11
Fig. 12A
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lubricated.
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B. Keep the left arm as straight as possible.
C. Keep weight on both feet.
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tv 5545-cs2.indd 12
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(B) (Fig. 14).
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filters.
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NOTE. Drain oil tank before changing filter
1. Disconnect oil hose (A) from pump fitting (B).
2. Use a wire with a hook (C) and pull oil filter (D)
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through filler opening
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into tank so filter is positioned in bottom of
tank.
5. Cut hose to fit and push it on to oil pump fitting
(Fig. 16).
SPARK ARRESTER SCREEN (FIG. 17)
NOTE. A clogged spark arrester screen will dramati
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A
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FUEL FILTER
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replaced after each 20 hours of use. Drain fuel
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2. Disconnect fuel hose (A) from carburettor fit
ting.
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or long needle nosed pliers. Disconnect filter
and discard.
NOTE.'RQRWSXOOKRVHFRPSOHWHO\RXWRIWDQN
,QVWDOODQHZIXHOILOWHURQKRVHDQGSXOOKRVH
ILOWHUDVVHPEO\EDFNLQWRWDQNVRILOWHULVSRVL
tioned in front right corner.
5HFRQQHFWIXHOKRVH$WRFDUEXUHWWRUILWWLQJ%
5HSODFHDLUILOWHUDQGDLUER[FRYHU(Fig. 15).
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cap.
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2. Disconnect the wire connector from the spark
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(Fig. 18).
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Instruction Manual
tv 5545-cs2.indd 13
A
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Fig. 16
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
13
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quires storage maintenance. Unless the storage
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following procedures.
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plug.
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place spark plug (Fig. 19).
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REMOVING A UNIT FROM STORAGE
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combustion chamber.
3. Clean and gap spark plug or install a new spark
plug with proper gap.
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FUEL AND LUBRICATION section.
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which supports and carries the saw chain) sprock
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tv 5545-cs2.indd 14
Sprocket tip lubrication:
CAUTION: 7KH VSURFNHW WLS RQ \RXU
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)DLOXUHWROXEULFDWHWKHJXLGHEDUVSURFNHWWLSDV
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recommended after 10 hours of use or once a
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clean guide bar sprocket tip before lubrication.
Tools for lubrication:
The lube gun (not included in the kit) is recom
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sprocket tip. The lube gun is equipped with a nee
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plication of grease to the sprocket tip.
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sprocket tip (Fig .20).
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procedure until the entire sprocket tip has been
greased.
Fig. 20
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saw with chain that is too tight will contribute to
rapid bar wear.
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maintenance procedures are recommended.
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Fig. 24
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(Fig. 22) REVHUYLQJ WKH YDOXHV JLYHQ LQ (Fig. 21).
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the same width and length.
WARNING: A sharp chain produces
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then round off the front corner (Fig. 23).
Fig. 25
Bar wear±7XUQJXLGHEDUIUHTXHQWO\DWUHJXODU
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Oil passages±2LOSDVVDJHVRQWKHEDUVKRXOG
be cleaned to ensure proper lubrication of the bar
and chain during operation.
NOTE. The condition of the oil passages can be
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CHAIN MAINTENANCE
Chain tension:
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hand.
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the depth gauge is as important as proper
sharpening of the chain.
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after as few as 5 cuts. This is normal during the
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cause damage to the sprocket.
Fig. 22
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working hours to ensure uniform wear.
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XVLQJWKHÀDW¿OH(Fig. 25).
Instruction Manual
tv 5545-cs2.indd 15
Chain lubrication:
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Adequate lubrication of the bar and chain dur
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friction with the guide bar.
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Chain sharpening:
Chain sharpening requires special tools to ensure
that cutters are sharpened at the correct angle
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we recommend that the saw chain be profession
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Problem
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Clean / gap or replace plug.
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setting.
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setting.
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Clean / gap or replace plug.
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setting.
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Unit won’t start or starts but will not run.
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Corrective action
X - Warranty
Notes
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saws is determined in the guarantee card.
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using this product.
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well as defects in workmanship will be corrected
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back to the dealer or is presented to the author
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initial condition.
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TV 5545
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ɗɬɨɢɡɞɟɥɢɟɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɨɩɪɢɜɵɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɨɦɭɝɥɟɨɬɫɤɨɤDɧɟɛɨɥɟɟɝɪɚɞɭɫɨɜ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ‡ɉɈɀȺɅɍɃɋɌȺɉɊɈɑɂɌȺɃɌȿ
ȻɟɪɟɝɢɬɟɫɶɨɬɫɤɨɤɚɄɨɝɞɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɟɫɩɢɥɨɣɤɪɟɩɤɨɞɟɪɠɢɬɟɟɟɨɛɟɢɦɢɪɭɤɚɦɢȼɰɟɥɹɯ
ȼɚɲɟɣɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɩɨɠɚɥɭɣɫɬɚɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɫɨɛɥɸɞɚɣɬɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɩɨɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ
ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɟɫɹ ɜ ɷɬɨɣ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɢɫɬɭɩɢɬɶ ɤ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɫ ɩɢɥɨɣ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦɨɠɟɬɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɨɦɭɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɨɦɭɫɥɭɱɚɸ
ǿȜȒȓȞȔȎțȖȓ
, ȼɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ..................................................................................................................................... 53
,, Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɞɚɧɧɵɟ.................................................................................................................. 55
,,, ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɩɨɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɟɫɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɵɦɢɰɟɩɧɵɦɢɩɢɥɚɦɢ ................... 55
,9 Ɉɡɧɚɤɨɦɥɟɧɢɟɫɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɨɣ............................................................................................. A/57
9 ɍɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɩɨɦɨɧɬɚɠɭ................................................................................................................. 58
9, Ɍɨɩɥɢɜɧɚɹɫɦɟɫɶɢɫɦɚɡɤɚ ....................................................................................................... 61
9,, ɍɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɩɨɪɚɛɨɬɟ.................................................................................................................... 61
9,,, ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɩɨɪɟɡɤɟɩɢɥɨɣ...................................................................................................... ,; Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ...................................................................................................... 66
; Ƚɚɪɚɧɬɢɹ........................................................................................................................................ 71
ɊȺɋɉȺɄɈȼɄȺ
ȼ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɨɛɳɟɩɪɢɧɹɬɵɦɢ ɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɹɦɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɚ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɦɚɥɚɹ ɜɟɪɨ
ɹɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɨɜɨɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɧɚɹ ȼɚɦɢ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɚɹ ɰɟɩɧɚɹ ɩɢɥɚ ɨɤɚɡɚɥɚɫɶ ɧɟ
ɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɥɚ ɤɚɤɚɹɥɢɛɨ ɟɟ ɱɚɫɬɶ ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɡɚɦɟɬɢɬɟ ɤɚɤɢɟɥɢɛɨ ɧɟ
ɩɨɥɚɞɤɢ ɧɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɣɬɟ ɫ ɦɚɲɢɧɨɣ ɞɨ ɡɚɦɟɧɵ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɧɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɢɥɢ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ
ɞɟɮɟɤɬɚɇɟɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟɷɬɨɣɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɚɰɢɢɦɨɠɟɬɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢɤɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɨɦɭɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɨɦɭɫɥɭɱɚɸ
ɋȻɈɊɄȺ
Ȼɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɚɹɰɟɩɧɚɹɩɢɥɚ79ɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɜɭɩɚɤɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɢɫɨɛɪɚɧɧɨɦɜɢɞɟɉɟɪɟɞɩɟɪɜɨ
ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɵɦɩɭɫɤɨɦɜɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɸɧɨɜɨɣɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵɲɢɧɭɢɰɟɩɶɜɯɨɞɹɳɢɟɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɸ
ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɦɨɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɨɝɥɚɫɧɨɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɦɭɧɢɠɟɜɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɭ
,ǰȐȓȒȓțȖȓ
ɇɨɜɨɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɧɚɹȼɚɦɢɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɚɹɰɟɩɧɚɹɩɢɥɚ63$5.<ɩɪɟɜɡɨɣɞɟɬȼɚɲɢɨɠɢɞɚɧɢɹɈɧɚ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɚɜɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢɫɜɵɫɨɤɢɦɢɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɚɦɢɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ63$5.<ɨɬɜɟɱɚɸɳɢɦɢɫɬɪɨɝɢɦ
ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɹɅɟɝɤɚɜɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɢɢɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɚɩɪɢɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢɩɪɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɶ
ɧɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɢɷɬɚɰɟɩɧɚɹɩɢɥɚɛɭɞɟɬɫɥɭɠɢɬɶȼɚɦɞɨɥɝɢɟɝɨɞɵ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɜɫɸɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢɩɟɪɟɞɧɚɱɚɥɨɦɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹɫɜɨɟɣ
ɧɨɜɨɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɧɨɣɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵ63$5.<Ɉɛɪɚɬɢɬɟɨɫɨɛɨɟɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɧɚɬɟɤɫɬɵɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɧɚɱɢ
ɧɚɸɬɫɹɫɥɨɜɚɦɢ³ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ´ɢ³ɉɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ´ȼɚɲɚɰɟɩɧɚɹɩɢɥɚ63$5.<ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬɦɧɨɝɢɦɢ
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɦɢɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɨɛɥɟɝɱɚɬȼɚɲɭɪɚɛɨɬɭɉɪɢɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɟɷɬɨɣɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵɫɚɦɨɟɛɨɥɶɲɨɟ
ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɭɞɟɥɹɥɨɫɶɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɦɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɦɢɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɤɨɬɨ
ɪɵɟɨɛɥɟɝɱɚɸɬɟɟɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟɢɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɸ
ɇɟɜɵɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɣɬɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵɜɦɟɫɬɟɫɛɵɬɨɜɵɦɢɨɬɯɨɞɚɦɢ
Ɉɬɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɟɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɢɡɞɟɥɢɹɧɟɞɨɥɠɧɵɜɵɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɬɶɫɹɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɨɫɛɵɬɨɜɵɦɢ
ɨɬɯɨɞɚɦɢ ɉɪɨɫɶɛɚ ɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɢɯ ɜ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɦɟɫɬɚɯ
ɉɪɨɤɨɧɫɭɥɶɬɢɪɭɣɬɟɫɶɩɨɷɬɨɦɭɩɨɜɨɞɭɫɦɟɫɬɧɵɦɢɜɥɚɫɬɹɦɢɢɥɢɢɯɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɟɦ
ɈɏɊȺɇȺɈɄɊɍɀȺɘɓȿɃɋɊȿȾɖȱ
ɋɭɱɟɬɨɦɨɯɪɚɧɵɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɣɫɪɟɞɵɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɢɭɩɚɤɨɜɤɚɞɨɥɠɧɵ
ɩɨɞɜɟɪɝɧɭɬɶɫɹ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɣ ɩɟɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɟɝɨɫɹ
ɜ ɧɢɯ ɫɵɪɶɹ Ⱦɥɹ ɨɛɥɟɝɱɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɟɬɚɥɟɣ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɧɵɯ ɢɡ ɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜɨɧɢɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɵɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɦɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 53
53
RU
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ɈɉɂɋȺɇɂȿɋɂɆȼɈɅɈȼ
ɇɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɟɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟɫɢɦɜɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɟɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɈɧɢɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬɜɚɠɧɭɸ
ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸɨɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɟɢɥɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɩɨɟɝɨɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɸ
ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸɩɟɪɟɞɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦɦɚɲɢɧɵ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɞɥɹɡɚɳɢɬɵɡɪɟɧɢɹ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɞɥɹɡɚɳɢɬɵɨɬɲɭɦɚ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɩɵɥɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɭɸɦɚɫɤɭ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɞɥɹɡɚɳɢɬɵɝɨɥɨɜɵɩɪɢɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɩɚɞɚɸɳɢɯɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɜ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟɩɟɪɱɚɬɤɢ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɭɸɨɛɭɜɶ
ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɈɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
Ȼɟɪɟɝɢɬɟɫɶɨɬɫɤɨɤɚɉɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɟɤɪɟɩɤɨɞɟɪɠɢɬɟɩɢɥɭɨɛɟɢɦɢɪɭɤɚɦɢ
ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɱɬɨɬɨɪɦɨɡɰɟɩɢɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɟɧȾɥɹɪɚɛɨɬɵɨɬɬɹɧɢɬɟɪɵɱɚɝɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɧɚɡɚɞ
ɍɪɨɜɟɧɶɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɣɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ/:$ɨɬɜɟɱɚɟɬɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦȾɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɵ(&
ɋɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɪɭɫɤɢɯɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɯɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ
RU
54
tv 5545-cs2.indd 54
TV 5545
ɝ
,,ȀȓȣțȖȥȓȟȘȖȓȒȎțțȩȓ
Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ
ƒɊɚɛɨɱɢɣɨɛɴɟɦɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ƒɆɚɤɫɨɬɞɚɜɚɟɦɚɹɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶɜɚɥɚ
ƒȾɥɢɧɚɜɪɟɡɚɧɢɹ
ƒɒɚɝɰɟɩɢ
ƒɒɢɪɢɧɚɜɟɞɭɳɟɝɨɡɜɟɧɚ
ƒɋɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɩɪɢɯɨɥɨɫɬɨɦɯɨɞɟ
ƒɋɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɩɪɢɦɚɤɫɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ
ƒȼɦɟɫɬɢɦɨɫɬɶɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ
ƒɊɚɫɯɨɞɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ
ƒȼɦɟɫɬɢɦɨɫɬɶɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚɞɥɹɦɚɫɥɚ
ƒȺɧɬɢɜɢɛɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ
ƒɐɟɩɧɨɟɡɭɛɧɨɟɤɨɥɟɫɨɲɢɧɵ
ƒɌɨɪɦɨɡɰɟɩɢ
ƒɋɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟ
ƒȺɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹɫɦɚɡɤɚɰɟɩɢ
ƒɐɟɩɶɫɧɢɡɤɢɦɨɬɫɤɨɤɨɦɬɢɩ
ƒȼɟɞɭɳɚɹɲɢɧɚɬɢɩ
ƒɋɪɟɞɧɟɟɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɟɜɪɟɦɹɩɪɢɦɚɤɫɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ
ƒȼɟɫɛɟɡɲɢɧɵɢɰɟɩɢ
ƒȼɟɫ
ƒɍɪɨɜɟɧɶɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɝɨɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
ƒɍɪɨɜɟɧɶɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɣɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ
ƒȽɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣɭɪɨɜɟɧɶɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɣɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢ
ƒɄɨɪɪɢɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɚɹɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɹ
,,,ǶțȟȠȞȡȘȤȖȖ
ȝȜȏȓȕȜȝȎȟțȜȟȠȖ
ȝȞȖȞȎȏȜȠȓȟ
ȏȓțȕȖțȜȐȩȚȖ
ȤȓȝțȩȚȖȝȖșȎȚȖ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ Ɉɬɫɤɨɤ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɹɟɬ
ɨɩɚɫɧɭɸɩɨɬɟɪɸɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹɧɚɞɩɢɥɨɣɢɦɨ
ɠɟɬ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɢɬɶ ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɭɸ ɢɥɢ ɞɚɠɟ ɫɦɟɪ
ɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɬɪɚɜɦɭ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɭ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɦɭɥɢɛɨ
ɛɥɢɡɫɬɨɹɳɟɦɭ ȼɫɟɝɞɚ ɛɭɞɶɬɟ ɧɚɱɟɤɭ Ɉɬ
ɫɤɨɤɫɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟɦɢɨɬɫɤɨɤɨɬɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬɝɥɚɜɧɭɸɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶɜɨɜɪɟɦɹ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵɫɰɟɩɧɵɦɢɩɢɥɚɦɢɢɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣɩɪɢ
ɱɢɧɨɣɛɨɥɶɲɢɧɫɬɜɚɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɵɯɫɥɭɱɚɟɜ
ɇɟɪɚɛɨɬɚɣɬɟɫɰɟɩɧɵɦɢɩɢɥɚɦɢɬɨɥɶɤɨɨɞ
ɧɨɣɪɭɤɨɣȼɩɪɨɬɢɜɧɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɷɬɨɦɨɠɟɬ
ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɵɣɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɵɣɫɥɭɱɚɣɫ
ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɨɦ ɩɨɦɨɳɧɢɤɚɦɢ ɩɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɧɢ
ɦɢɥɢɰɚɦɢɢɥɢɥɸɛɨɣɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɢɜɵɲɟ
ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɥɢɰ ɐɟɩɧɚɹ ɩɢɥɚ ɩɪɟɞ
ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɨɛɟɢɦɢ ɪɭɤɚɦɢ
ɇɟɪɚɛɨɬɚɣɬɟɫɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɨɣɜɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
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ɭɫɬɚɥɨɫɬɢɩɨɞɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɦɧɚɪɤɨɬɢɤɨɜ
ɚɥɤɨɝɨɥɹɢɥɢɦɟɞɢɤɚɦɟɧɬɨɜ
ɇɨɫɢɬɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɭɸ ɨɛɭɜɶ ɩɥɨɬɧɨ ɩɪɢɥɟ
ɝɚɸɳɭɸ ɨɞɟɠɞɭ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɱɚɬɤɢ ɢ
ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɞɥɹɡɚɳɢɬɵɝɥɚɡɫɥɭɯɚɢɝɨɥɨɜɵ
Ȼɭɞɶɬɟɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɵɩɪɢɡɚɩɪɚɜɤɟɝɨɪɸɱɢɦ
ɉɟɪɟɞɩɭɫɤɨɦɜɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɩɢɥɵɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢ
ɦɨɭɞɚɥɢɬɶɫɹɩɨɤɪɚɣɧɟɣɦɟɪɟɧɚɦɟɬɪɚ
ɨɬɦɟɫɬɚɡɚɩɪɚɜɤɢ
ɇɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹɩɪɢɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟɩɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɧɢɯ
ɥɢɰɩɪɢɩɭɫɤɟɢɥɢɪɚɛɨɬɟɫɩɢɥɨɣȼɡɨɧɟ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫ ɩɢɥɨɣ ɧɟ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ
ɥɸɞɢɢɥɢɠɢɜɨɬɧɵɟ
ɇɟ ɧɚɱɢɧɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶ ɫ ɩɢɥɨɣ ɧɟ ɨɫɜɨ
ɛɨɞɢɜɪɚɛɨɱɭɸɩɥɨɳɚɞɤɭɨɬɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɣ
ɚɬɚɤɠɟɞɨɬɨɝɨɤɚɤȼɵɡɚɧɹɥɢɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɭɸ
ɩɨɡɭɢɞɨɬɟɯɩɨɪɩɨɤɚȼɵɧɟɡɚɩɥɚɧɢɪɨ
ɜɚɥɢɩɭɬɶɨɬɯɨɞɚɢɡɡɨɧɵɩɚɞɟɧɢɹɞɟɪɟɜɚ
ȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɛɟɪɟɝɢɬɟɜɫɟ
ɱɚɫɬɢɫɜɨɟɝɨɬɟɥɚɜɞɚɥɢɨɬɰɟɩɢ
ɉɟɪɟɞɡɚɩɭɫɤɨɦɦɚɲɢɧɵɭɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɜɬɨɦ
ɱɬɨɰɟɩɶɧɢɫɱɟɦɧɟɫɨɩɪɢɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ
ɉɟɪɟɧɨɫɢɬɟɩɢɥɭɬɨɥɶɤɨɫɜɵɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɵɦ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɦɩɨɜɟɪɧɭɬɵɦɢɧɚɡɚɞɲɢɧɨɣɢ
ɰɟɩɶɸɫɲɭɦɨɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɟɦɫɛɨɤɭɨɬɬɟɥɚ
ɇɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɣɬɟ ɫ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɧɨɣ ɧɟɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɨɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɧɟ ɩɨɥɧɨ
ɫɬɶɸɢɧɟɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɨɛɪɚɧɧɨɣɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢ
55
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ɥɨɣɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɜɬɨɦɱɬɨɰɟɩɶɩɟɪɟɫɬɚɥɚ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹɤɨɝɞɚɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɟɪɵɱɚɝɝɚɡɚ
ɉɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɶɰɟɩɧɭɸɩɢɥɭɧɟ
ɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɜɫɟɝɞɚɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
Ȼɭɞɶɬɟɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɵɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɡɤɟ
ɤɭɫɬɨɜɢɫɚɠɟɧɰɟɜɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭɢɯɭɩɪɭɝɢɟ
ɜɟɬɤɢɦɨɝɭɬɩɨɩɚɫɬɶɜɰɟɩɶɢɭɞɚɪɢɬɶȼɚɫ
ɢɥɢɧɚɪɭɲɢɬɶȼɚɲɟɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɫɢɟ
Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɫɪɟɡɚɟɬɟ ɜɟɬɤɭ ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɩɨɞɜɟɪɝɚ
ɟɬɫɹɜɧɟɲɧɟɣɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɟɛɟɪɟɝɢɬɟɫɶɨɬɩɪɭ
ɠɢɧɢɜɚɸɳɟɝɨ ɭɞɚɪɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ
ɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɢ
ɉɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɣɬɟ ɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɢ ɫɭɯɢɦɢ ɱɢɫɬɵ
ɦɢɢɨɱɢɳɟɧɧɵɦɢɨɬɦɚɫɥɚ
Ɋɚɛɨɬɚɣɬɟ ɫ ɩɢɥɨɣ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɜ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫ
ɬɜɚɯɫɯɨɪɨɲɟɣɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɟɣ
ɇɟɩɵɬɚɣɬɟɫɶɨɬɫɟɱɶɞɟɪɟɜɨɟɫɥɢȼɵɫɩɟ
ɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɧɟɨɛɭɱɟɧɵɷɬɨɦɭ
ȼɫɟɪɚɛɨɬɵɩɨɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸɩɢɥɵɤɪɨ
ɦɟɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯɡɞɟɫɶɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɣɩɨɛɟ
ɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɞɨɥɠɧɵɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɫɹɬɨɥɶɤɨɤɨɦɩɟɬɟɧɬ
ɧɵɦɢɫɨɬɪɭɞɧɢɤɚɦɢɫɟɪɜɢɫɚɩɨɨɛɫɥɭɠɢ
ɜɚɧɢɸɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɵɯɰɟɩɧɵɯɩɢɥ63$5.<
Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɩɟɪɟɧɨɫɢɬɟ ɰɟɩɧɭɸ ɩɢɥɭ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ
ɩɨɤɪɵɜɚɣɬɟɲɢɧɭɱɟɯɥɨɦ
ɇɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɩɢɥɚɜɛɥɢɡɨɫɬɢ
ɞɨ ɥɟɝɤɨɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɸɳɢɦɢɫɹ ɠɢɞɤɨɫɬɹ
ɦɢɢɥɢɝɚɡɚɦɢɧɢɜɡɚɤɪɵɬɵɯɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢ
ɹɯ ɧɢ ɜ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɯ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɚɯ ȼ ɩɪɨ
ɬɢɜɧɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟɦɨɠɟɬɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɶɜɡɪɵɜ
ɢɢɥɢɩɨɠɚɪ
ɇɟ ɡɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɣɬɟ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɨɦ ɦɚɫɥɨɦ ɢɥɢ
ɫɦɚɡɤɨɣ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɩɢɥɵ
ɇɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɨɣ
ɧɟɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɧɨɥɟɬɧɢɦɢ ɥɢɰɚɦɢ ɗɬɨ ɧɟ
ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɫɹɤɥɢɰɚɦɫɬɚɪɲɟɥɟɬɩɪɨɯɨ
ɞɹɳɢɯɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɟɩɨɞɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɦɫɩɟɰɢ
ɚɥɢɫɬɚ
ɉɟɪɟɞ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɫɪɟɡɚ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɧɚ
ɧɚɥɢɱɢɟ ɜ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɟ ɜɧɟɲɧɢɯ ɬɟɥ ɤɥɢ
ɧɨɜɝɜɨɡɞɟɣɤɚɦɧɟɣɢɩɪ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɩɨɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟ
ɧɢɸɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɩɢɥɭɬɨɥɶɤɨɞɥɹɪɟɡɤɢ
ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵɇɟɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɩɢɥɭɜɰɟɥɹɯ
ɞɥɹ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɨɧɚ ɧɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ ɇɚ
ɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɧɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɩɢɥɭ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɡɤɢ
ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɫɵ ɤɥɚɞɤɢ ɢɥɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢ
ɚɥɨɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɧɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɫɬɪɨɢ
ɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɟ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ ɗɬɨ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚ
ɡɧɚɱɟɧɨ ɝɥɚɜɧɵɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɹ
ɢɥɢɞɥɹɬɟɯɤɬɨɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɷɬɨɬɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ
ɜɪɟɦɹ ɨɬ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɗɬɚ ɩɢɥɚ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ
RU
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tv 5545-cs2.indd 56
ɞɥɹ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɪɟɞɤɨɝɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɢɤɚɦɢɞɨɦɨɜɜɢɥɥɢɨɬɞɵɯɚɸɳɢɯɜ
ɰɟɥɹɯɨɛɳɟɝɨɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹɤɚɤɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ
ɨɬɫɟɱɟɧɢɟɞɟɪɟɜɶɟɜɩɨɞɪɟɡɚɧɢɟɪɟɡɤɚɞɪɨɜ
ɞɥɹɨɛɨɝɪɟɜɚɢɩɪɇɟɫɦɨɬɪɹɧɚɬɨɱɬɨɰɟɩɧɚɹ
ɩɢɥɚɨɫɧɚɳɟɧɚɚɧɬɢɜɢɛɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɣɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ
ɱɪɟɡɦɟɪɧɨ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɧɟɩɪɟɪɵɜɧɚɹ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɧɟɣɦɨɠɟɬɜɵɡɜɚɬɶɧɚɪɭɲɟɧɢɹɜɤɪɨ
ɜɨɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɢɪɭɤɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ
ɜɢɛɪɚɰɢɹɦɢ
ɆȿɊɕɉɊȿȾɈɋɌɈɊɈɀɇɈɋɌɂ
ɉɊɈɌɂȼɈɌɋɄɈɄȺ
Ɉɬɫɤɨɤɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬɤɨɝɞɚɩɟɪɟɞɧɹɹɱɚɫɬɶɢɥɢ
ɜɟɪɯɭɲɤɚɜɟɞɭɳɟɣɲɢɧɵɫɨɩɪɢɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹɫɤɚ
ɤɢɦɥɢɛɨɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɨɦɢɥɢɟɫɥɢɞɟɪɟɜɨɩɪɢɞɚ
ɜɢɬɢɥɢɩɪɢɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɧɢɢɰɟɩɢɜɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧ
ɧɨɦɫɪɟɡɟɉɪɢɫɨɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɢɫɜɟɪɯɭɲɤɨɣ
ɲɢɧɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɦɝɧɨɜɟɧɧɵɣ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɵɣ ɭɞɚɪ
ɩɪɢɤɨɬɨɪɨɦɲɢɧɚɨɬɫɤɚɤɢɜɚɟɬɜɜɟɪɯɢɨɛɪɚɬ
ɧɨɤɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɭ
ɉɪɢɞɚɜɥɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɰɟɩɢ ɜ ɜɟɪɯɧɟɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɲɢɧɵ
ɦɨɠɟɬɛɵɫɬɪɨɜɵɬɨɥɤɧɭɬɶɲɢɧɭɤɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɭ
Ʉɚɠɞɵɣɢɡɷɬɢɯɨɛɪɚɬɧɵɯɭɞɚɪɨɜɦɨɠɟɬɫɬɚɬɶ
ɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣ ɩɨɬɟɪɢ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɧɚɞ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧ
ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɫɬɚɬɶ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣ ɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɨɝɨ
ɫɥɭɱɚɹɇɟɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɣɬɟɬɨɥɶɤɨɧɚɩɪɟɞɨɯ
ɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɟɜɩɢɥɭ
ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ
ȼɚɦɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɬɶɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɦɟɪɵ
ɞɥɹ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ
ɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɵɯɫɥɭɱɚɟɜɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɉɨɫɥɟɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɥɟɧɢɹɫɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɨɦɨɬɫɤɨ
ɤɚ ȼɵ ɭɠɟ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɷɥɢɦɢɧɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɷɥɟ
ɦɟɧɬ ɧɟɨɠɢɞɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɡɚɱɚɫɬɭɸ
ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɵɯɫɥɭɱɚɟɜ
ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫ ɰɟɩɧɨɣ ɩɢɥɨɣ ɤɪɟɩɤɨ
ɞɟɪɠɢɬɟ ɟɟ ɨɛɟɢɦɢ ɪɭɤɚɦɢ ɩɪɚɜɚɹ ɪɭɤɚ
ɞɨɥɠɧɚɛɵɬɶɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚɧɚɡɚɞɧɸɸɪɭɤɨ
ɹɬɤɭɚɥɟɜɚɹɪɭɤɚɧɚɩɟɪɟɞɧɸɸɊɭɤɨɹɬ
ɤɭ ɩɢɥɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɞɟɪɠɚɬɶ ɤɪɟɩɤɨ ɩɥɨɬɧɨ
ɨɯɜɚɬɢɜɟɟɜɫɟɦɢɩɚɥɶɰɚɦɢɪɭɤɢɗɬɨɩɨ
ɦɨɠɟɬɭɦɟɧɶɲɢɬɶɨɬɫɤɨɤɢɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶɤɨɧ
ɬɪɨɥɶɧɚɞɩɢɥɨɣɇɟɜɵɩɭɫɤɚɣɬɟɩɢɥɭ
ɉɟɪɟɞɧɚɱɚɥɨɦɪɚɛɨɬɵɭɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɜɬɨɦ
ɱɬɨɧɚɪɚɛɨɱɟɣɩɥɨɳɚɞɤɟɧɟɢɦɟɟɬɫɹɩɪɟ
ɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɣ ɇɟ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɣɬɟ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɟɪɯɧɹɹ
ɱɚɫɬɶ ɲɢɧɵ ɩɪɢɤɚɫɚɥɚɫɶ ɤ ɫɬɜɨɥɭ ɜɟɬɤɟ
ɢɥɢ ɤɚɤɨɦɭ ɛɵ ɬɨ ɧɢ ɛɵɥɨ ɞɪɭɝɨɦɭ ɩɪɟ
ɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɸ ɩɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦɭ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɪɢɣɬɢɫɶ
ɭɞɚɪɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵɫɩɢɥɨɣ
Ɋɟɠɶɬɟɩɢɥɨɣɩɪɢɜɵɫɨɤɨɣɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢɞɜɢ
ɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɇɟɜɵɬɹɝɢɜɚɣɬɟɫɶɢɧɟɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɣɬɟɪɟɡɤɭ
ɜɵɲɟɭɪɨɜɧɹɩɥɟɱ
TV 5545
ɝ
$
ɋɨɛɥɸɞɚɣɬɟ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɦɵɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢ
ɬɟɥɟɦɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɞɥɹɡɚɬɨɱɤɢɢɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹ
ɰɟɩɢ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɬɨɥɶɤɨɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɵɟɡɚɩɚɫ
ɧɵɟɲɢɧɵɢɰɟɩɢɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢ
ɬɟɥɟɦɢɥɢɷɤɜɢɜɚɥɟɧɬɧɵɟɢɦ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿɐɟɩɶɫɧɢɡɤɢɦɨɬɫɤɨɤɨɦɷɬɨ
ɰɟɩɶɤɨɬɨɪɚɹɨɬɜɟɱɚɟɬɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦɩɨɨɬɧɨ
ɲɟɧɢɸɤɨɬɫɤɨɤɭ
ɈɋɈȻȿɇɇɈȼȺɀɇɈȾɅə
ȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌɂ
ɉɈȾɊɈȻɇȿȿɈȻɈɌɋɄɈɄȿ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɈɬɫɤɨɤɩɪɢɱɢ
ɧɹɟɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɭɸ ɩɨɬɟɪɸ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɧɚɞ ɩɢɥɨɣ
ɢ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɢɬɶ ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɭɸ ɢɥɢ ɞɚɠɟ
ɫɦɟɪɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ ɬɪɚɜɦɭ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɭ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɦɭ
ɥɢɛɨɛɥɢɡɫɬɨɹɳɟɦɭȼɫɟɝɞɚɛɭɞɶɬɟɧɚɱɟɤɭ
Ɉɬɫɤɨɤ ɫ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟɦ ɢ ɨɬɫɤɨɤ ɨɬ ɡɚɤɥɢɧɢ
ɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɝɥɚɜɧɭɸ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫ ɰɟɩɧɵɦɢ ɩɢɥɚɦɢ ɢ ɨɫ
ɧɨɜɧɨɣɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣɛɨɥɶɲɢɧɫɬɜɚɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɵɯ
ɫɥɭɱɚɟɜ
ɲɢɧɵɌɈɅɄȺȿɌɲɢɧɭɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɤɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɭ
Ʌɸɛɨɟɢɡɷɬɢɯɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣɦɨɠɟɬɫɬɚɬɶɩɪɢ
ɱɢɧɨɣ ɩɨɬɟɪɢ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɹ ɧɚɞ ɩɢɥɨɣ ɢ ɧɚɧɟɫɟ
ɧɢɹɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɨɣɬɪɚɜɦɵ
ɌȺȻɅɂɑɄȺɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȺɘɓȺə
ɈȻɈɌɋɄɈɄȿɊɂɋ
ɇɚ ɪɵɱɚɝɟ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɩɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦ ɳɢɬɟ ɢɦɟɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɟɞɭɩ
ɪɟɠɞɚɸɳɚɹ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɤɚ ɉɟɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɢ
ɫɬɭɩɢɬɶ ɤ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɫ ɦɚɲɢɧɨɣ ɜɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ
ɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɶɬɟɫɶ ɫ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟɦ ɷɬɨɣ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɤɢ
ɚɬɚɤɠɟɢɫɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɦɢɡɞɟɫɶɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢ
ɹɦɢɩɨɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ
ɐɜɟɬɧɚɹɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɚɫɢɦɜɨɥɨɜɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬɫɥɟ
ɞɭɸɳɟɟ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɄɊȺɋɇɖȱɃ
ɉɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɚɟɬɱɬɨɧɟɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶ
ɧɟɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɭɸɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɸ
ɁȿɅȿɇɖȱɃ ɊȿɄɈɆȿɇȾɍȿɌɋə
Ɋɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɦɚɹɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɚɪɟɡɤɢ
Ɋɢɫ 2
Ɋɢɫ 1A
Ɋɢɫ 1B
ȻȿɊȿȽɂɌȿɋɖ
ɈɌɋɄɈɄȺ
ɋȼɊȺɓȿɇɂȿɆ
Ɋɢɫ$
ȼɈɁȾȿɃɋɌȼɂəɉɊɂ
ɈɌɋɄɈɄȿ
ɈɌɁȺɄɅɂɇɂȼȺɇɂə
Ɋɢɫ%
$ Ɍɪɚɟɤɬɨɪɢɹɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ $ ɂɡɞɴɪɩɜɚɧɟ
% Ɂɨɧɚɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚ % Ɍɜɟɪɞɵɟɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ
ɧɢɹɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ
& ȼɵɬɚɥɤɢɜɚɧɢɟ
ɈɌɋɄɈɄ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɟɬ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɢ ɉȿɊȿȾɇȿɃ ɑȺɋɌɂ ɢɥɢ ȼȿɊɏɍɒɄɂ ɒɂɇɕ ɤ
ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɭɢɥɢɤɨɝɞɚɫɪɟɡɜɞɟɪɟɜɟɡɚɤɪɵɜɚɟɬ
ɫɹɢɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɟɬɰɟɩɶ
Ʌɨɛɨɜɨɟɫɨɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɟɫɜɟɪɯɭɲɤɨɣɲɢɧɵ
ɦɨɠɟɬ ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶ ɦɨɥɧɢɟɧɨɫɧɭɸ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɭɸ ɪɟ
ɚɤɰɢɸ ɩɪɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɲɢɧɚ ɨɬɫɤɨɱɢɬ ɜɜɟɪɯ ɢ
ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɤɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɭ
ɁȺɄɅɂɇɂȼȺɇɂȿ ɰɟɩɢ ɜ ɇɂɀɇȿɃ ɑȺɋɌɂ
ɲɢɧɵȼɕɌȺɅɄɂȼȺȿɌɩɢɥɭɧɚɪɭɠɭɨɬɨɩɟɪɚ
ɬɨɪɚ
ɁȺɄɅɂɇɂȼȺɇɂȿ ɰɟɩɢ ɜ ȼȿɊɏɇȿɃ ɑȺɋɌɂ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 57
Ȼɟɪɟɝɢɬɟɫɶɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ
ɇɟɩɵɬɚɣɬɟɫɶɞɟɪɠɚɬɶɩɢɥɭɨɞɧɨɣɪɭɤɨɣ
ɂɡɛɟɝɚɣɬɟ ɥɨɛɨɜɨɝɨ ɫɨɩɪɢɤɨɫɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɫ
ɲɢɧɨɣ
ɊȿɄɈɆȿɇȾȺɐɂə
Ʉɪɟɩɤɨɞɟɪɠɢɬɟɩɢɥɭɨɛɟɢɦɢɪɭɤɚɦɢ
,9ǼȕțȎȘȜȚșȓțȖȓȟ
ȤȓȝțȜȗȝȖșȜȗ
ȼɟɞɭɳɚɹɲɢɧɚ
ɐɟɩɶ
ȼɢɧɬɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹɰɟɩɢ
ɂɫɤɪɨɜɨɣɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
Ɋɵɱɚɝɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɉɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɳɢɬ
ɉɟɪɟɞɧɹɹɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɚ
Ɋɭɱɤɚɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚ
ɋɜɟɱɚɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
Ʉɪɵɲɤɚɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨɮɢɥɶɬɪɚ
ȼɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɋɌɈɉ
Ɋɵɱɚɝɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɝɨɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɹ
Ʉɪɵɲɤɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚɞɥɹɦɚɫɥɚ
57
RU
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Ʉɪɵɲɤɚɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚ
Ʉɪɵɲɤɚɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ
Ɂɚɞɧɹɹɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɚ
Ȼɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɚɪɵɱɚɝɚɝɚɡɚ
Ɋɵɱɚɝɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɹ
Ƚɚɣɤɢɞɥɹɡɚɬɹɝɢɜɚɧɢɹɲɢɧɵ
Ɋɵɱɚɝɝɚɡɚ
Ⱦɟɪɠɚɬɟɥɶɰɟɩɢ
Ʉɪɵɲɤɚɬɨɪɦɨɡɧɨɣɰɟɩɢ
Ɂɭɛɱɚɬɚɹɨɩɨɪɚ
ɑɟɯɨɥ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿɉɨɞɪɨɛɧɨɢɡɭɱɢɬɟɫɜɨɸɰɟɩ
ɧɭɸ ɩɢɥɭ ɢ ɨɛɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɶɬɟɫɶ ɫ ɟɟ
ɱɚɫɬɹɦɢ
9ȁȘȎȕȎțȖȭȝȜȚȜțȠȎȔȡ
ɉɊɂɇȺȾɅȿɀɇɈɋɌɂȾɅəɆɈɇɌȺɀȺ
ɆȿɊɖȱȾɅəɍɅɍɑɒȿɇɂə
ȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌɂ
ɉɪɢɫɛɨɪɤɟɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵȼɚɦɛɭɞɟɬɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢ
ɦɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ
ɑɢɫɥɚɩɪɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɟɩɟɪɟɞɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹɦɢɫɨ
ɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɬɧɭɦɟɪɚɰɢɢɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɯɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɜ
ɞɥɹɨɛɥɟɝɱɟɧɢɹɩɨɢɫɤɚ
Ʉɨɦɛɢɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣɝɚɟɱɧɵɣɤɥɸɱɨɬɜɟɪɬ
ɤɚɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɸ
Ɋɭɤɚɜɢɰɵɞɥɹɬɹɠɟɥɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɵɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹ
ɸɬɫɹɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɟɦ
2. ɐȿɉɖɋɇɂɁɄɂɆɈɌɋɄɈɄɈɆ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɭ
ɟɬ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɸ ɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ
ɢɥɢɟɝɨɫɢɥɵɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɹɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɩɪɨ
ɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɦ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɹɦ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɵ ɢ
ɛɭɮɟɪɧɵɦɡɜɟɧɶɹɦ
4. ɂɋɄɊɈȼɈɃ ɊȺɁɊəȾɇɂɄ ɡɚɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɟɬ
ɭɝɥɟɜɨɞɨɪɨɞɧɵɟɢɞɪɭɝɢɟɫɝɨɪɚɟɦɵɟɱɚɫ
ɬɢɰɵ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɦ ɫɜɵɲɟ PP ɢɡ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ
ɨɬɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɯɝɚɡɨɜ
5. ɊɕɑȺȽɌɈɊɆɈɁȺɐȿɉɂɉɊȿȾɈɏɊȺɇɂɌȿɅɖɇɕɃɓɂɌ ɩɪɟɞɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɥɟɜɭɸɪɭɤɭ
ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚɩɪɢɟɟɫɨɫɤɚɥɶɡɵɜɚɧɢɢɫɩɟɪɟ
ɞɧɟɣɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɢɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵ
5. ɌɈɊɆɈɁɐȿɉɂ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɞɥɹɭɦɟɧɶ
ɲɟɧɢɹ ɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɨɝɨ ɫɥɭɱɚɹ
ɢɡɡɚ ɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ ɨɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɹ ɞɜɢɠɭɳɭɸɫɹ
ɰɟɩɶ ɡɚ ɦɢɥɥɢɫɟɤɭɧɞɵ Ɉɧ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɫɩɨɦɨɳɶɸɪɵɱɚɝɚ
10. ȼɕɄɅɘɑȺɌȿɅɖɋɌɈɉ ɩɪɢɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɟɧɢɢ
ɦɝɧɨɜɟɧɧɨ ɨɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ Ⱦɥɹ
ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚɢɥɢɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨɝɨɡɚɩɭɫɤɚɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɞɨɥɠɟɧɛɵɬɶɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɜɩɨ
ɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɉɍɋɄ
11. ɊɕɑȺȽ ɁȺɓɂɌɇɈȽɈ ȼɕɄɅɘɑȺɌȿɅə
ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɫɥɭɱɚɣɧɨɟɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɟɞɜɢ
ɝɚɬɟɥɹɇɚɪɵɱɚɝɝɚɡɚɧɟɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɧɚɠɢ
ɦɚɬɶ ɞɨ ɬɟɯ ɩɨɪ ɩɨɤɚ ɧɚɠɚɬɚ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɚ
ɝɚɡɚ
20.ȾȿɊɀȺɌȿɅɖɐȿɉɂ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɟɬɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɬɪɚɜɦɵ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɪɚɡɪɵɜɚ
ɢɥɢ ɜɵɯɨɞɚ ɰɟɩɢ ɢɡ ɤɚɧɚɜɤɢ Ⱦɟɪɠɚɬɟɥɶ
ɰɟɩɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧ ɞɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɭɥɨ
ɜɢɬɶɪɚɡɜɟɜɚɸɳɭɸɰɟɩɶ
22.ɁɍȻɑȺɌȺəɈɉɈɊȺ±ɷɬɨɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ
ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɨɟ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɬɶ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫ
ɧɨɫɬɶɢɭɞɨɛɫɬɜɨɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵɁɭɛɱɚ
RU
ɬɚɹɨɩɨɪɚɩɨɜɵɲɚɟɬɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɶɨɩɟɪɚ
ɬɨɪɚ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɟɪɬɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɯ
ɫɪɟɡɨɜ
58
tv 5545-cs2.indd 58
ɌɊȿȻɈȼȺɇɂəɄɆɈɇɌȺɀɍ
ɉɟɪɟɞ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɡɚɩɭɫɤɨɦ ɜ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚ
ɬɚɰɢɸɧɨɜɨɣɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɦɨɧɬɚɠ
ɲɢɧɵɢɰɟɩɢɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɰɟɩɢɡɚɩɪɚɜɤɚɩɨɞ
ɯɨɞɹɳɟɣɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɣɫɦɟɫɶɸɢɡɚɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟɪɟ
ɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚɞɥɹɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɝɨɦɚɫɥɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɜɤɥɸɱɚɣɬɟ
ɩɢɥɭɩɨɤɚɨɧɚɧɟɛɭɞɟɬɩɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɚɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɶɧɨ
ɉɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟ ɞɨ ɤɨɧɰɚ ɜɫɸ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ ɩɨ
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɧɚɱɚɬɶ ɪɚɛɨ
ɬɚɬɶ ɰɟɩɧɨɣ ɩɢɥɨɣ Ɉɛɪɚɬɢɬɟ ɨɫɨɛɨɟ ɜɧɢ
ɦɚɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɜɫɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɣ
ɪɚɛɨɬɟ
ɗɬɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜ
ɥɹɟɬɫɨɛɨɣɬɚɤɠɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɨɱɧɨɟɩɨɫɨɛɢɟɢ
ɪɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɤɪɚɛɨɬɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚ
ɸɬɨɛɳɭɸɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸɨɦɨɧɬɚɠɟɪɚɛɨɬɟ
ɢɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɟɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵ
ɆɈɇɌȺɀȼȿȾɍɓȿɃɒɂɇɖȱɐȿɉɂ
ɄɊɕɒɄɂɋɐȿɉɅȿɇɂə
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɨɫɢɬɟ ɡɚ
ɳɢɬɧɵɟ ɪɭɤɚɜɢɰɵ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɟ
ɫɰɟɩɶɸ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ
ɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɭɸɜɟɞɭɳɭɸɲɢɧɭɫɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟɦ
ɞɥɹ ɜɩɭɫɤɚ ɦɚɫɥɚ $ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɬɶ
ɫɦɚɡɤɭɲɢɧɵɢɰɟɩɢɊɢɫ$.
TV 5545
ɝ
ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɜɬɨɦɱɬɨɪɵɱɚɝɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɰɟɩɢ
ɜɵɬɹɧɭɬɧɚɡɚɞɢɨɫɜɨɛɨɠɞɟɧɊɢɫ%.
ɍɫɬɪɚɧɢɬɟ ɨɛɟ ɝɚɣɤɢ % ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɸɳɢɟ
ɲɢɧɭ ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɤɪɵɲɤɭ & ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɰɟɩɢ
Ɋɢɫɋ.
ɋ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɨɬɜɟɪɬɤɢ ɡɚɜɢɧɱɢɜɚɣɬɟ ɪɟɝɭ
ɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɣ ɜɢɧɬ ' ɩɪɨɬɢɜ ɯɨɞɚ ɱɚɫɨɜɨɣ
ɫɬɪɟɥɤɢɞɨɬɟɯɩɨɪɩɨɤɚɜɟɞɭɳɢɣɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ
(ɜɵɫɬɭɩɚɸɳɢɣɧɚɪɭɠɭɡɭɛɟɰɧɟɞɨɣɞɟɬ
ɞɨ ɤɨɧɰɚ ɫɜɨɟɝɨ ɩɭɬɢ ɤ ɛɚɪɚɛɚɧɭ ɫɰɟɩɥɟ
ɧɢɹɢɰɟɩɧɨɦɭɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɦɭɤɨɥɟɫɭɊɢɫ'.
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɤɨɧɟɰɲɢɧɵɳɟɥɶɸɜɜɟɪɯɧɚɨɛɚ
ɛɨɥɬɚɞɥɹɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɹɲɢɧɵ)ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶ
ɬɟ ɲɢɧɭ ɬɚɤ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɣ ɡɭɛɟɰ
ɡɚɧɹɥɦɟɫɬɨɜɧɢɠɧɟɦɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɢ*ɲɢɧɵ
Ɋɢɫ(.
Ɋɚɫɫɬɟɥɢɬɟɰɟɩɶɜɤɪɭɝɧɚɩɪɚɜɢɜɪɟɠɭɳɢɟ
ɤɪɨɦɤɢ$ɩɨɯɨɞɭɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɢɩɨɩɟ
ɪɢɮɟɪɢɢɊɢɫ).
ȼɨɡɶɦɢɬɟ ɢɡ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɢ ɜɧɟɲɧɢɣ ɞɟ
ɪɠɚɬɟɥɶ ɲɢɧɵ 0 ɢ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɟɝɨ ɬɚɤ
ɱɬɨɛɵɟɝɨɡɚɝɧɭɬɵɟɤɪɨɦɤɢɜɟɪɯɧɹɹɢɧɢɠ
ɧɹɹɛɵɥɢɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɵɤɧɚɪɭɠɧɨɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɟ
ɰɟɩɢɊɢɫ..
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɡɭɛɱɚɬɭɸɨɩɨɪɭɧɚɤɪɵɲɤɭɬɨɪ
ɦɨɡɚɬɚɤɤɚɤɷɬɨɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨɧɚɊɢɫ/.
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɤɪɵɲɤɭ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɧɚ ɰɟɩɶ ɍɛɟ
ɞɢɬɟɫɶ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨ ɰɟɩɶ ɧɟ ɫɨɫɤɚɥɶɡɵɜɚɟɬ
ɫɲɢɧɵɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɨɛɟɝɚɣɤɢɡɚɬɹɧɢɬɟɢɯ
ɜɪɭɱɧɭɸ ɢ ɞɚɥɟɟ ɫɨɛɥɸɞɚɣɬɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɩɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɸɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺɇɚɷɬɨɦɷɬɚɩɟɨɛɟɝɚɣɤɢɤɪɟɩɹ
ɳɢɟ ɲɢɧɭ ɡɚɬɹɝɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɜɪɭɱɧɭɸ ɨɧɢ
ɡɚɬɹɝɢɜɚɸɬɫɹɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɨɫɥɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚ
ɧɢɹɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹ
ɠ
Ɋɢɫ 3G
Ɋɢɫ 3A
Ɋɢɫ 3H
Ɋɢɫ 3B
Ɋɢɫ 3J
Ɋɢɫ 3K
Ɋɢɫ 3L
ɊȿȽɍɅɂɊɈȼȺɇɂȿɇȺɌəɀȿɇɂəɐȿɉɂ
Ɋɢɫ 3C
Ɋɢɫ 3E
Ɋɢɫ 3D
Ɋɢɫ 3F
ɇɚɬɹɧɢɬɟ ɰɟɩɶ ɨɤɨɥɨ ɜɟɞɭɳɟɝɨ ɰɟɩɧɨɝɨ
ɤɨɥɟɫɚ - ɡɚ ɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟɦ . ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟ
ɯɨɪɨɲɨɥɢɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵɡɜɟɧɶɹɦɟɠɞɭɡɭɛɶ
ɹɦɢɰɟɩɧɨɝɨɤɨɥɟɫɚɊɢɫ*.
ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɡɜɟɧɶɹɜɤɚɧɚɜɤɭ/ɩɨɩɟɪɢɮɟ
ɪɢɢɲɢɧɵɊɢɫ*.
ɐɟɩɶɛɭɞɟɬɧɚɬɹɧɭɬɚɩɨɷɬɨɦɭȼɚɦɫɥɟɞɭ
ɟɬɜɪɭɱɧɭɸɜɪɚɳɚɬɶɫɰɟɩɥɟɧɢɟɬɚɤɱɬɨɛɵ
ɰɟɩɶɡɚɰɟɩɢɥɚɫɶɡɚɰɟɩɧɨɟɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟ
ɫɨɊɢɫ+.
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɶɬɟ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɥɢ ɜɟɞɭɳɢɣ ɷɥɟ
ɦɟɧɬ ( ɜ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɢ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɲɢɧɵɊɢɫ-.
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 59
ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɰɟɩɢɢɦɟɟɬɢɫɤɥɸɱɢ
ɬɟɥɶɧɨɜɚɠɧɨɟɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɩɨɷɬɨɦɭɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
ɰɟɩɢɞɨɥɠɧɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɬɶɫɹɤɚɤɩɟɪɟɞɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ
ɬɚɤɢɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɍɞɟɥɢɬɟ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨ
ɜɚɧɢɹɰɟɩɢɱɬɨɛɵɩɨɜɵɫɢɬɶɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶ
ɧɨɫɬɶɩɢɥɵɢɩɪɨɞɥɢɬɶɫɪɨɤɟɟɫɥɭɠɛɵ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɇɨɜɚɹ ɰɟɩɶ ɛɵɫɬɪɨ
ɩɪɨɜɢɫɚɟɬɢɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɧɚɬɹɝɢɜɚɬɶɟɟɩɨɫ
ɥɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɫɪɟɡɨɜ ɗɬɨ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɨ
ɞɥɹɧɨɜɵɯɰɟɩɟɣɢɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɟɦɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥ
ɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹɦɢɛɵɫɬɪɨɧɚɪɚɫɬɚɟɬ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ȼɫɟɝɞɚ ɧɚɞɟɜɚɣɬɟ ɪɭ
ɤɚɜɢɰɵɞɥɹɬɹɠɟɥɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɵɤɨɝɞɚɩɪɢɤɚɫɚ
ɟɬɟɫɶɢɥɢɧɚɬɹɝɢɜɚɟɬɟɰɟɩɶ
59
RU
ɝ
ȼɫɥɭɱɚɟɟɫɥɢɰɟɩɶɱɪɟɡɦɟɪɧɨɩɪɨɜɢɫɥɚɢɥɢ
ɫɥɢɲɤɨɦ ɫɢɥɶɧɨ ɧɚɬɹɧɭɬɚ ɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟ ɤɨɥɟɫɨ
ɲɢɧɚɰɟɩɶɢɤɨɥɟɧɱɚɬɵɣɜɚɥɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ
ɧɚɦɧɨɝɨ ɛɵɫɬɪɟɟ Ɋɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɢɬɟ Ɋɢɫ $ ɧɚ
ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɩɪɢ
ɯɨɥɨɞɧɨɣ ɰɟɩɢ $ ɬɟɩɥɨɣ ɰɟɩɢ % ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ
ɰɟɩɢɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɤɨɬɨɪɨɣɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɨɬɪɟɝɭ
ɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ&
Ⱦ
Ɋɢɫ 4B
ɆȿɏȺɇɂɑȿɋɄɈȿɂɋɉɖȱɌȺɇɂȿ
ɌɈɊɆɈɁȺɐȿɉɂ
Ɋɢɫ 4A
ɐɟɩɧɚɹ ɩɢɥɚ ɨɫɧɚɳɟɧɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɨɦ ɰɟɩɢ ɤɨ
ɬɨɪɵɣ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɟɬ ɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɟɫɱɚɫɬɧɨɝɨ
ɫɥɭɱɚɹɩɨɩɪɢɱɢɧɟɨɬɫɤɨɤɚɌɨɪɦɨɡɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬ
ɜ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɟɫɥɢ ɩɪɢɥɨɠɟɧ ɧɚɬɢɫɤ ɧɚ ɪɵɱɚɝ
ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɩɪɢ ɨɬɫɤɨɤɟ ɪɭɤɚ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ɭɞɚɪɢɬɩɨɪɵɱɚɝɭɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɉɪɢɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɨɜɚ
ɧɢɢɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɰɟɩɶɪɟɡɤɨɨɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ
Ɋɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɰɟɩɢ
Ⱦɟɪɠɢɬɟɜɟɪɯɭɲɤɭɲɢɧɵɩɨɜɟɪɧɭɬɨɣɤɜɟɪ
ɯɭ ɢ ɜɪɚɳɚɣɬɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɣ ɜɢɧɬ ' ɩɨ
ɯɨɞɭɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɢɱɬɨɛɵɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɬɶɧɚ
ɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɰɟɩɢȼɪɚɳɟɧɢɟɜɢɧɬɚ'ɩɪɨɬɢɜ
ɯɨɞɚɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɢɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɟɬɧɚɬɹɠɟ
ɧɢɟɰɟɩɢɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɜɬɨɦɱɬɨɰɟɩɶɪɚɫɩɨ
ɥɨɠɟɧɚɩɨɜɫɟɣɩɟɪɢɮɟɪɢɢɲɢɧɵɊɢɫȼ.
ɉɨɫɥɟɬɨɝɨɤɚɤɰɟɩɶɛɭɞɟɬɨɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ
ɢɩɨɤɚȼɵɜɫɟɟɳɟɞɟɪɠɢɬɟɜɟɪɯɭɲɤɭɲɢɧɵ
ɤɜɟɪɯɭɡɚɬɹɧɢɬɟɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɝɚɣɤɢɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹ
ɸɳɢɟ ɲɢɧɭ ɐɟɩɶ ɫɱɢɬɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ
ɧɚɬɹɧɭɬɨɣɟɫɥɢɨɧɚɧɟɩɪɨɜɢɫɥɚɢɦɨɠɟɬ
ɩɟɪɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɶɫɹɩɨɲɢɧɟɛɟɡɭɫɢɥɢɣɪɭɤɨɣ
ɨɞɟɬɨɣɜɪɭɤɚɜɢɰɭ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ ȿɫɥɢ ɰɟɩɶ ɩɟɪɟɞɜɢɝɚɟɬɫɹ ɫ
ɬɪɭɞɨɦ ɩɨ ɲɢɧɟ ɢɥɢ ɨɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɷɬɨ
ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬɱɬɨɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɱɪɟɡɦɟɪɧɨȼɬɚɤɨɦ
ɫɥɭɱɚɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ
$ɋɥɟɝɤɚ ɪɚɫɫɥɚɛɶɬɟ ɨɛɟ ɝɚɣɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɡɚɤɪɟɩ
ɥɟɧɢɹɲɢɧɵɍɦɟɧɶɲɢɬɟɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɦɟɞ
ɥɟɧɧɨɜɪɚɳɚɹɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɣɜɢɧɬɩɪɨɬɢɜ
ɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɢɉɟɪɟɞɜɢɝɚɣɬɟɰɟɩɶɜɡɚɞ
ɢɜɩɟɪɟɞɩɨɲɢɧɟɉɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨ
ɜɚɬɶ ɞɨ ɬɟɯ ɩɨɪ ɩɨɤɚ ɨɧɚ ɧɟ ɧɚɱɧɟɬ ɜɪɚ
ɳɚɬɶɫɹɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɧɨɛɭɞɭɱɢɜɥɨɠɟɧɧɨɣɜ
ɲɢɧɭɍɜɟɥɢɱɶɬɟɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɜɪɚɳɚɹɪɟɝɭ
ɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɣɜɢɧɬɩɨɯɨɞɭɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɢ
%ɉɨɫɥɟɬɨɝɨɤɚɤɰɟɩɶɛɭɞɟɬɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɧɚ
ɬɹɧɭɬɚ ɩɪɢɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɹ ɲɢɧɭ ɜɟɪɯɭɲɤɨɣ
ɤɜɟɪɯɭ ɡɚɬɹɧɢɬɟ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨ ɨɛɟ ɝɚɣɤɢ ɡɚ
ɤɪɟɩɥɹɸɳɢɟɲɢɧɭ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɉɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚ
ɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɰɟɩɢ ± ɭɦɟɧɶɲɢɬɶ ɜɟɪɨ
ɹɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɬɪɚɜɦɵ ɜɜɢɞɭ ɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ ɧɨ ɨɧ ɧɟ
ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬɡɚɞɭɦɚɧɧɭɸɫɬɟɩɟɧɶɡɚɳɢɬɵ
ɜɫɥɭɱɚɟɧɟɛɪɟɠɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɵȼɫɟɝɞɚɩɪɨɜɟ
ɪɹɣɬɟɬɨɪɦɨɡɰɟɩɢɩɟɪɟɞɧɚɱɚɥɨɦɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɑɬɨɛɵɩɪɨɜɟɪɢɬɶɬɨɪɦɨɡɰɟɩɢ
ɐɟɩɢɧɟɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɜɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɰɟɩɶɦɨɠɟɬ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɬɶɫɹɤɨɝɞɚɪɵɱɚɝɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɨɬɬɹ
ɧɭɬɧɚɡɚɞɢɡɚɫɬɨɩɨɪɟɧɊɢɫ$.
Ɍɨɪɦɨɡ ɰɟɩɢ ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧ ɜ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɰɟɩɶ
ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɥɚɫɶ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɪɵɱɚɝ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɧɚ
ɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɜɩɟɪɟɞȼɚɦɧɟɞɨɥɠɧɨɭɞɚɫɬɶɫɹ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɶɰɟɩɶɊɢɫ%.
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ Ⱦɨɥɠɧɨ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɦ
ɡɚɫɬɨɩɨɪɟɧɢɟ ɪɵɱɚɝɚ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɜ ɨɛɨɢɯ ɩɨɥɨ
ɠɟɧɢɹɯȿɫɥɢɱɭɜɫɬɜɭɟɬɫɹɫɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɥɟɧɢɟɩɪɢ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɟɧɢɢɢɥɢɪɵɱɚɝɧɟɦɨɠɟɬɛɵɬɶɩɟɪɟ
ɦɟɳɟɧɜɨɞɧɨɢɡɞɜɭɯɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɣɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶ
ɡɭɣɬɟɰɟɩɧɭɸɩɢɥɭɋɪɚɡɭɠɟɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟɟɟɜɚɜ
ɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɣɫɟɪɜɢɫ63$5.<ɞɥɹɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ
Ɋɢɫ 5A
RU
60
tv 5545-cs2.indd 60
Ɋɢɫ 5B
TV 5545
ɝ
9,ȀȜȝșȖȐțȎȭȟȚȓȟȪ
ȖȟȚȎȕȘȎ
ɌɈɉɅɂȼɇȺəɋɆȿɋɖ
Ⱦɥɹ ɞɨɫɬɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɢɥɭɱɲɢɯ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɢɫ
ɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɟɧɡɢɧ ɛɟɡ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹ ɫɜɢɧɰɚ
ɫɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɦ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɫɦɟɲɚɧɧɵɣ ɫɨ
ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɦɚɫɥɨɦ ɞɥɹ ɞɜɭɯɬɚɤɬɧɵɯ ɞɜɢ
ɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɦɚɪɤɢ 63$5.< ɜ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɢ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɟ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɢ
ɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɣ ɫɦɟɫɢ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɢ ɞɥɹ
ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɝ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ
ɟɬɫɹɡɚɩɪɚɜɤɚɩɢɥɵɱɢɫɬɵɦɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɦɗɬɨ
ɜɵɡɨɜɟɬ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɢɚɧɧɭɥɢɪɭɟɬɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɸɩɪɨɢɡɜɨ
ɞɢɬɟɥɹɧɚɷɬɨɢɡɞɟɥɢɟɇɢɤɨɝɞɚɧɟɢɫɩɨɥɶ
ɡɭɣɬɟɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɭɸɫɦɟɫɶɤɨɬɨɪɚɹɯɪɚɧɢɥɚɫɶ
ɛɨɥɟɟɞɧɟɣ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿȼɬɨɦɫɥɭɱɚɟ
ɟɫɥɢɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ
ɦɚɫɥɨɞɥɹɬɚɤɬɨɜɨɝɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɢɧɨɟɱɟɦ
ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɧɨɟɦɚɫɥɨ63$5.<
ɬɨ ɷɬɨ ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ
ɦɚɫɥɨɞɥɹɬɚɤɬɨɜɵɯɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣɫɜɨɡɞɭɲ
ɧɵɦɨɯɥɚɠɞɟɧɢɟɦɫɦɟɲɚɧɧɨɟɜɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɢ
ɇɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɵ
ɞɥɹ ɬɚɤɬɨɜɵɯ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɫ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟ
ɦɨɣ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɟɣ ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ ȿɫɥɢ
ɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɨɤɚɠɟɬ
ɫɹɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɚɹɫɦɚɡɤɚɬɨɷɬɨɚɧɧɭɥɢɪɭ
ɟɬ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɸ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ ɧɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
ɋɦɟɫɶɛɟɧɡɢɧɚɢɫɦɚ
ɡɨɱɧɨɝɨɦɚɫɥɚ
Ɍɨɥɶɤɨɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟ
ɦɚɫɥɨ
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚɩɪɢɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɣɫɦɟɫɢ
Ȼɟɧɡɢɧ
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟɦɚɫɥɨ
63$5.<
ɥɢɬɪɵ
ɥɢɬɪɵ
cm3
1
25
2
50
3
75
5
125
10
250
ɉɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɹ
ɱɚɫɬɟɣɛɟɧɡɢɧɚɢ
ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɱɚɫɬɶɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɝɨɦɚɫɥɚ
ɊȿɄɈɆȿɇȾȺɐɂɂɉɈɌɈɉɅɂȼɍ
ɇɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɟ ɦɚɪɤɢ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɚ
ɫɦɟɲɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɫ ɬɚɤɢɦɢ ɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɹɦɢ ɤɚɤ
ɚɥɤɨɝɨɥɶ ɢɥɢ ɫɨɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɷɮɢɪɚ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɬ
ɜɟɱɚɬɶ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ ɤ ɱɢɫɬɨɬɟ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ
Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵ63$5.<ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɶ ɧɚ ɥɸɛɨɦ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧ
ɧɨɦ ɞɥɹ ɡɚɩɪɚɜɤɢ ɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɟɣ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶ
ɧɨ ɢ ɧɚ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɟ ɫɦɟɲɚɧɧɨɦ ɫ ɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɹɦɢ
ɋɆȺɁɄȺɐȿɉɂɂɒɂɇɖȱ
Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɡɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɟɬɟ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪ ɞɥɹ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ
ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɞɨɥɢɜɚɣɬɟ ɢ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪ ɞɥɹ ɦɚɫɥɚ
ɰɟɩɢ Ⱦɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɦ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɹɬɶ
ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɟɦɚɫɥɨ63$5.<ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ
ɞɨɛɚɜɤɢɞɥɹɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɹɬɪɟɧɢɹɢɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚ
ɧɢɹɚɬɚɤɠɟɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɭɟɬɧɚɤɚɩɥɢɜɚɧɢɸɫɦɨ
ɥɵɧɚɲɢɧɟɢɰɟɩɢ
ɉɊɂȽɈɌɈȼɅȿɇɂȿɌɈɉɅɂȼɇɈɃɋɆȿɋɂ
ɋɦɟɲɚɣɬɟɬɨɩɥɢɜɨɫɨɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɦɦɚɫɥɨɦɞɥɹ
ɬɚɤɬɨɜɵɯɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣɦɚɪɤɢ63$5.<ɜɭɡɚɤɨɧɟɧ
ɧɨɦ ɞɥɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɟɦɤɨɫɬɢ ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɭɞɥɹɩɪɢɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɣɫɦɟɫɢɞɥɹ
ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɢ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɚ ɢ
ɦɚɫɥɚ
ȼɡɛɨɥɬɚɣɬɟɟɦɤɨɫɬɶɱɬɨɛɵɞɨɛɢɬɶɫɹɩɨɥɧɨɝɨɫɦɟ
ɲɟɧɢɹ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ Ɉɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟ
ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɝɨɦɚɫɥɚɚɧɧɭɥɢɪɭɟɬɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɸɧɚ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 61
9,,ȁȘȎȕȎțȖȭȝȜȞȎȏȜȠȓ
ɉɊȿȾɉɍɋɄɈȼȺəɉɊɈȼȿɊɄȺ
ȾȼɂȽȺɌȿɅə
Ɂɚɩɪɚɜɶɬɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɞɥɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ$ɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɶɧɨɣɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɣɫɦɟɫɶɸɊɢɫ.
ɇɚɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪ ɞɥɹ ɦɚɫɥɚ % ɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɞɨɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɤɨɣ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɩɢ ɢ
ɲɢɧɵɊɢɫ.
ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɜɬɨɦɱɬɨɬɨɪɦɨɡɰɟɩɢ&ɨɫɜɨ
ɛɨɠɞɟɧɩɟɪɟɞɩɭɫɤɨɦɩɢɥɵɊɢɫ.
61
RU
ɝ
ɏɈɅɈɋɌɈȽɈ ɏɈȾȺ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɣɞɢɬɟ ɤ ɲɚɝɭ Ɋɢɫ-.
ɉɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟ ɠɟɥɬɵɣ ɪɵɱɚɝ ɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɹ
Ɋɢɫ
)ɜɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟȼɖȱɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
7K) ȿɫɥɢ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ ɧɟ ɡɚɜɟɞɟɬɫɹ ɩɨɜɬɨ
ɪɢɬɟɜɵɲɟɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɵɟɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ
C
B
A
C
Ɋɢɫ 6
A
ɁȺɉɍɋɄȾȼɂȽȺɌȿɅə
B
Ⱦɥɹɡɚɩɭɫɤɚɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɩɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟɜɜɟɪɯ
ɤɪɚɫɧɵɣɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɋɌɈɉ'Ɋɢɫ$.
ȼɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɶɢɦɟɟɬɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹȼɖȱɄɅɘ
ɑȿɇɈ $ɋɊȿȾɇȿȿɉɈɅɈɀȿɇɂȿ
(C) Ɋɢɫ%.
%ɢȼɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
ɉɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟ ɠɟɥɬɵɣ ɪɵɱɚɝ ɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɹ
Ɋɢɫ&.
(ɜɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟȼɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟɪɚɡɧɚɦɟɯɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨɧɚɫɨɫɚ
)Ɋɢɫ'.
Ɋɢɫ 7E
Ɋɢɫ 7F
A
B
C
D
Ɋɢɫ 7G
Ɋɢɫ 7F
A
B
C
A
B
C
A
)
Ɋɢɫ 7A
Ɋɢɫ 7B
A
B
C
(
Ɋɢɫ 7C
62
tv 5545-cs2.indd 62
Ɋɢɫ 7K
ɉɈȼɌɈɊɇɖȱɃɁȺɉɍɋɄ
ɌȿɉɅɈȽɈȾȼɂȽȺɌȿɅə
)
Ɋɢɫ 7D
ɉɨɞɚɣɬɟɝɚɡɧɚɠɦɢɬɟɢɡɚɞɟɪɠɢɬɟɤɧɨɩɤɭ
$ɧɚɞɚɜɢɬɟɧɚɪɵɱɚɝɝɚɡɚ%ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɟ
ɪɵɱɚɬɚɩɨɫɥɟɷɬɨɝɨɢɤɧɨɩɤɭɊɢɫ(.
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɩɢɥɭ ɧɚ ɬɜɟɪɞɭɸ ɢ ɪɨɜɧɭɸ ɩɨ
ɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ Ⱦɟɪɠɢɬɟ ɩɢɥɭ ɤɪɟɩɤɨ ɤɚɤ ɷɬɨ
ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨ Ɋɟɡɤɢɦ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɨɬɹɧɢɬɟ
ɫɬɚɪɬɟɪ ɪɚɡɚ Ȼɟɪɟɝɢɬɟɫɶ ɞɜɢɠɭɳɟɣɫɹ
ɰɟɩɢɊɢɫ).
ɉɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟ ɠɟɥɬɵɣ ɪɵɱɚɝ ɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɹ
Ɋɢɫ*.
'ɜɫɪɟɞɧɟɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
Ʉɪɟɩɤɨɩɪɢɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɹɩɢɥɭɪɟɡɤɨɩɨɬɹɧɢɬɟ
ɫɬɚɪɬɟɪ ɪɚɡɚ Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɡɚɜɟɫ
ɬɢɫɶɊɢɫ+.
ɉɨɞɨɠɞɢɬɟɱɬɨɛɵɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɩɪɨɝɪɟɥɫɹ
ɫɟɤɭɧɞ ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɢ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɟ ɪɵɱɚɝ (
RU
Ɋɢɫ 7J
ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶ ɧɚɯɨ
ɞɢɬɫɹɜɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢɉɍɋɄ(I).
ɉɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟɪɵɱɚɝɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɹɜɋɊȿȾ
ɇȿȿɉɈɅɈɀȿɇɂȿ
ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟɪɚɡɧɚɦɟɯɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨɧɚɫɨɫɚ
ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟɧɚɛɥɨɤɢɪɭɸɳɭɸɤɧɨɩɤɭɝɚɡɚ
Ɋɟɡɤɢɦ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɜɵɬɹɧɢɬɟ ɫɬɚɪɬɟɪ ɪɚɡɚȾɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɞɨɥɠɟɧɡɚɜɟɫɬɢɫɶ
ɉɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟ ɪɵɱɚɝ ɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɨ
ɠɟɧɢɟȼɖȱɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɟ ɤɧɨɩɤɭ ɩɟɪɟɤɪɵɜɚɸɳɭɸ ɩɨ
ɞɚɱɭɝɚɡɚ
ɈɋɌȺɇɈȼɄȺȾȼɂȽȺɌȿɅə
Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɟɪɵɱɚɝɢɩɨɞɨɠɞɢɬɟɩɨɤɚɞɜɢ
ɝɚɬɟɥɶɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɧɚɯɨɥɨɫɬɨɦ
ɯɨɞɟ
ɑɬɨɛɵɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɩɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟ
ɜɧɢɡɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɋɌɈɉɈ.
TV 5545
ɝ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ Ⱦɥɹ ɚɜɚɪɢɣɧɨɣ ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ
ɩɪɨɫɬɨɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɣɬɟɬɨɪɦɨɡɰɟɩɢɢɩɟɪɟɦɟɫ
ɬɢɬɟɜɧɢɡɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɋɌɈɉɈ.
ɎɍɇɄɐɂɈɇȺɅɖɇɈȿɂɋɉɖȱɌȺɇɂȿ
ɌɈɊɆɈɁȺɐȿɉɂ
ɉɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟ ɬɨɪɦɨɡ ɰɟɩɢ ɱɬɨ
ɛɵ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɬɶ ɟɝɨ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɭɸ ɪɚɛɨɬɭ ɉɪɨ
ɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɭ ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɤɚɠɞɵɦ
ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦɪɚɛɨɬɵɩɨɫɥɟɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣɪɚ
ɛɨɬɵɢɜɫɟɝɞɚɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɹ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɰɟɩɢ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɩɢɥɭɧɚɱɢɫɬɭɸɬɜɟɪɞɭɸɢɪɨɜ
ɧɭɸɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ
Ɂɚɩɭɫɬɢɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
ȼɨɡɶɦɢɬɟɫɶɡɚɡɚɞɧɸɸɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɭ$ɩɪɚɜɨɣ
ɪɭɤɨɣɊɢɫ
Ʌɟɜɨɣ ɪɭɤɨɣ ɤɪɟɩɤɨ ɜɨɡɶɦɢɬɟɫɶ ɡɚ ɩɟɪɟ
ɞɧɸɸɪɭɤɨɹɬɤɭ%ɚɧɟɡɚɪɵɱɚɝɬɨɪɦɨɡɚ
ɰɟɩɢ&
ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟɧɚɪɵɱɚɝɝɚɡɚɞɨɨɬɟɝɨɯɨɞɚ
ɩɨɫɥɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɫɪɚɡɭ ɠɟ ɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɣɬɟ ɪɵɱɚɝ
ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɰɟɩɢ&
ɐɟɩɶɞɨɥɠɧɚɫɪɚɡɭɠɟɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶɫɹɄɨɝɞɚ
ɷɬɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɨɣɞɟɬ ɫɪɚɡɭ ɠɟ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɟ ɪɵ
ɱɚɝɝɚɡɚ
ȿɫɥɢ ɬɨɪɦɨɡ ɰɟɩɢ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɭɟɬ ɧɨɪ
ɦɚɥɶɧɨ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ ɢ ɜɟɪɧɢɬɟ
ɬɨɪɦɨɡɰɟɩɢɜɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
C
A
B
Ɋɢɫ 8
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿȿɫɥɢɰɟɩɶɧɟ
ɨɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɜɵɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ ɢ
ɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟ ɩɢɥɭ ɜ ɛɥɢɠɚɣɲɢɣ ɚɜɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧ
ɧɵɣ ɫɟɪɜɢɫ ɩɨ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧ
ɬɨɜ63$5.<
ɋɆȺɁɄȺɐȿɉɂɂɒɂɇɖȱ
ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɚɹɫɦɚɡɤɚɢɦɟɟɬɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟɡɧɚ
ɱɟɧɢɟɞɥɹɞɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹɞɨɦɢɧɢɦɭɦɚɬɪɟɧɢɹɫ
ɲɢɧɨɣ
ɇɢɤɨɝɞɚɧɟɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɣɬɟɲɢɧɭɢɰɟɩɶɛɟɡɞɨɫɬɚ
ɬɨɱɧɨɝɨɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚɫɦɚɡɤɢɊɚɛɨɬɚɩɢɥɵɫɧɟ
ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɤɨɣ ɫɨɤɪɚɳɚɟɬ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢ
ɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɪɚɛɨɬɵɢɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɟɬɫɪɨɤɫɥɭɠɛɵ
ɩɢɥɵɜɵɡɵɜɚɟɬɛɵɫɬɪɨɟɡɚɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɟɩɢɥɵɢ
ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɨɣ ɩɪɟɠɞɟɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɡɧɚ
ɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɲɢɧɵ ɢɡɡɚ ɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɜɚ ɉɪɢɡɧɚɤɨɦ
ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɞɵɦɚ ɨɛɟɫɰɜɟɱɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɲɢɧɵ ɢ
ɧɚɤɨɩɥɟɧɢɟɫɦɨɥɵ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚɛɨɬɵɰɟɩɶɩɪɨɜɢ
ɫɚɟɬɷɬɨɜɨɫɨɛɨɣɦɟɪɟɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹɧɨɜɨɣɰɟɩɢ
ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢ
ɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɢ ɧɚɬɹɝɢɜɚɬɶ ɰɟɩɶ ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɫ ɧɨɜɨɣ
ɰɟɩɶɸ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶ ɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ
ɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɤɚɠɞɵɟɦɢɧɭɬɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ȺȼɌɈɆȺɌɂɑȿɋɄɈȿɋɆȺɁɖȱȼȺɇɂȿ
ɐɟɩɧɚɹɩɢɥɚɨɫɧɚɳɟɧɚɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫ
ɤɨɝɨɫɦɚɡɵɜɚɧɢɹɤɨɬɨɪɚɹɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬɧɟɨɛ
ɯɨɞɢɦɨɟɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɫɦɚɡɤɢɤɲɢɧɟɢɰɟɩɢɉɪɢ
ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɢ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɜɚɟɬ
ɫɹɩɪɢɬɨɤɦɚɫɥɚɤɲɢɧɟɉɪɢɬɨɤɦɚɫɥɚɤɲɢɧɟɢ
ɰɟɩɢɦɨɠɟɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟɦɜɢɧɬɚ
$ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɧɚɊɢɫȼɪɚɳɚɣɬɟɜɢɧɬɩɨɯɨɞɭ
ɱɚɫɨɜɨɣ ɫɬɪɟɥɤɢ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɢɬɶ ɩɪɢɬɨɤ
ɦɚɫɥɚɚɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɯɨɞɚɱɚɫɨɜɨɣɫɬɪɟɥɤɢ
±ɱɬɨɛɵɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɬɶɩɪɢɬɨɤɦɚɫɥɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɁɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɣɬɟ
ɬɨɪɦɨɡɦɟɞɥɟɧɧɨɢɨɛɞɭɦɚɧɧɨȾɟɣɫɬɜɭɣɬɟ
ɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɨɱɬɨɛɵɰɟɩɶɧɢɫɱɟɦɧɟɫɨɩɪɢ
ɤɨɫɧɭɥɚɫɶɧɟɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɣɬɟɱɬɨɛɵɜɟɪɯɩɢɥɵ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɢɥɫɹɜɜɟɪɯ
Ɋɢɫ 9
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 63
63
RU
ɝ
9,,,ǶțȟȠȞȡȘȤȖȖȝȜ
ȞȓȕȘȓȝȖșȜȗ
ɈɌɋȿɑȿɇɂȿ
Ɉɬɫɟɱɟɧɢɟɷɬɨɬɟɪɦɢɧɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɳɢɣɨɬɪɟ
ɡɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɜɚɥɤɭ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ Ɇɚɥɟɧɶɤɢɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɶɹ
ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɨɦɞɨFPɨɛɵɤɧɨɜɟɧɧɨɨɬɫɟɤɚ
ɸɬɫɹɥɢɲɶɨɞɧɢɦɫɪɟɡɨɦɇɚɛɨɥɟɟɤɪɭɩɧɵɯ
ɞɟɪɟɜɶɹɯ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɜɵ
ɩɨɥɧɢɬɶɩɨɞɪɟɡɉɨɞɪɟɡɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɧɚɩɪɚɜ
ɥɟɧɢɟɜɤɨɬɨɪɨɦɭɩɚɞɟɬɞɟɪɟɜɨ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ
ɟɬɫɹ ɨɬɫɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɩɪɢ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɢ ɫɢɥɶ
ɧɨɝɨ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɜɟɬɪɚ ɢɥɢ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ
ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ
ɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɚɉɨɫɨɜɟɬɭɣɬɟɫɶɫɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚ
ɥɢɫɬɨɦɞɪɨɜɨɫɟɤɨɦ ɇɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɬɫɟ
ɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɟɫɥɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ
ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɚ ɍɜɟɞɨɦɢɬɟ
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɸ
ɩɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɨɬɫɟɱɶɞɟɪɟɜɨ
ɞ
Ɉɬɫɟɱɟɧɢɟɞɟɪɟɜɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɉɪɟɞɜɚɪɢ
ɬɟɥɶɧɨɧɚɦɟɬɶɬɟɫɟɛɟɩɭɬɶɞɥɹɜɵɯɨɞɚ$ɢ
ɪɚɫɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɟɝɨɨɬɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɯɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɣ
ɩɟɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɢɫɬɭɩɢɬɶ ɤ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɸ
ɫɪɟɡɨɜ Ɇɚɪɲɪɭɬ ɤ ɨɬɯɨɞɭ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɛɵɬɶ
ɜ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɦ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ
ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɦɨɝɨ ɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɤɚɤ ɷɬɨ
ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨɧɚɊɢɫ.
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɉɪɢɨɬɫɟɱɟɧɢɢɞɟɪɟɜɚ
ɪɚɫɬɭɳɟɝɨ ɧɚ ɫɤɥɨɧɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ
ɜɫɬɚɬɶɧɚɛɨɥɟɟɜɵɫɨɤɭɸɫɬɨɪɨɧɭɩɥɨɳɚɞɤɢ
ɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɫɤɚɬɢɬɶɫɹ ɢɥɢ
ɫɨɫɤɨɥɶɡɧɭɬɶɜɧɢɡɩɨɫɥɟɨɬɫɟɱɟɧɢɹ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ ɇɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ % ɨɩ
ɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹɩɨɞɪɟɡɨɦɉɟɪɟɞɬɟɦɤɚɤɩɪɢɫɬɭ
ɩɢɬɶɤɤɚɤɢɦɛɵɬɨɧɢɛɵɥɨɫɪɟɡɚɦɨɰɟɧɢɬɟ
ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɛɨɥɶɲɢɯɜɟɬɨɤɰɟɧɬɪɬɹɠɟɫ
ɬɢɤɪɨɧɵɢɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣɧɚɤɥɨɧɞɟɪɟɜɚɱɬɨ
ɛɵɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ
Ɉɛɵɱɧɨ ɨɬɫɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ ɞɜɭɯ
ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɯ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɩɨɞɪɟɡɚ & ɢ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟ
ɧɢɹɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨɫɪɟɡɚɞɥɹɩɨɜɚɥɚɞɟɪɟɜɚ
'ɇɚɱɧɢɬɟɩɨɞɪɟɡ&ɫɬɨɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɵɞɟɪɟɜɚ
ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɨɦ ɧɚ
ɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɢɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ(ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶɜɬɨɦɱɬɨ
ɩɨɞɪɟɡ ɧɟ ɜɯɨɞɢɬ ɫɥɢɲɤɨɦ ɝɥɭɛɨɤɨ ɜ ɫɬɜɨɥ
ɉɨɞɪɟɡ & ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɬɶɫɹ ɬɚɤ ɱɬɨɛɵ
ɧɟɨɬɪɟɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɨɫɬɚɥɚɫɶ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɬɨɥɫɬɚɹ
ɢ ɩɪɨɱɧɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɫɬɜɨɥɚ ) ɉɨɞɪɟɡ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ
ɛɵɬɶ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɲɢɪɨɤɢɦ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɞɨ ɤɨɧɰɚ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶɞɟɪɟɜɨɩɪɢɜɚɥɤɟ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɯɨɞɢɬɟɩɟ
ɪɟɞɞɟɪɟɜɨɦɤɨɬɨɪɨɟɭɠɟɩɨɞɪɟɡɚɧɨ
Ɉɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɫɪɟɡ'ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬɫɹɫɨɛ
ɪɚɬɧɨɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɵɞɟɪɟɜɚɜFPɧɚɞɝɨɪɢ
ɡɨɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣɨɫɧɨɜɨɣɩɨɞɪɟɡɚ&Ɋɢɫ%.
Ɋɢɫ 10B
Ɋɢɫ 10A
RU
64
tv 5545-cs2.indd 64
ɇɢɤɨɝɞɚ ɧɟ ɫɪɟɡɚɣɬɟ ɫɬɜɨɥ ɞɨ ɤɨɧɰɚ ȼɫɟɝɞɚ
ɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɣɬɟ ɧɟɨɬɪɟɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɬɨɥɫ
ɬɭɸɢɩɪɨɱɧɭɸɱɚɫɬɶɫɬɜɨɥɚ)ɗɬɚɧɟɨɬɪɟ
ɡɚɧɧɚɹɱɚɫɬɶɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɩɪɟɠɞɟɜɪɟɦɟɧ
ɧɨɟ ɩɚɞɟɧɢɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɢ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɟɝɨ ɩɪɢ
ɩɚɞɟɧɢɢ ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɩɟɪɟɪɟɠɟɬɟ ɫɬɜɨɥ ɞɨ ɤɨɧ
ɰɚ ɬɨ ɭɬɪɚɬɢɬɟ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɶ ɧɚɞ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ
ɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ
TV 5545
ɝ
ɞ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɜɫɪɟɡɤɥɢɧɢɥɢɪɵɱɚɝɞɨɬɨɝɨɤɚɤ
ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɫɬɚɧɟɬ ɧɟɫɬɚɛɢɥɶɧɵɦ ɢ ɧɚɱɧɟɬ ɞɜɢ
ɝɚɬɶɫɹ Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ȼɵ ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɟ
ɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɧɢɟɲɢɧɵɜɫɪɟɡɟɟɫɥɢȼɵɧɟɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɥɢ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɞɟɧɢɹ
ɉɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɩɨɜɚɥɢɬɶ ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɭɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶ ɜ
ɬɨɦɱɬɨɜɡɨɧɟɩɚɞɟɧɢɹɞɟɪɟɜɚɧɟɬɩɨɫɬɨɪɨɧ
ɧɢɯɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɬɟɥɟɣ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ȼɫɟɝɞɚ ɩɟɪɟɞ
ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɫɪɟɡ
ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟɟɳɟɪɚɡɧɟɬɥɢɜɪɚɛɨɱɟɣɡɨɧɟ
ɩɨɫɬɨɪɨɧɧɢɯɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɬɟɥɟɣɠɢɜɨɬɧɵɯɢɥɢ
ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɣ
Ɉɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣɫɪɟɡ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɞɟɪɟɜɹɧɧɵɟɢɥɢɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɫɨ
ɜɵɟɤɥɢɧɶɹ*ɱɬɨɛɵɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɶɡɚɤɥɢ
ɧɢɜɚɧɢɟɲɢɧɵɢɥɢɰɟɩɢ+ɜɫɪɟɡɟɄɥɢɧɶɹ
ɬɚɤɠɟɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɬɜɚɥɤɨɣɊɢɫ&.
Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪ ɫɬɜɨɥɚ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɞɥɢ
ɧɵ ɲɢɧɵ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɫɪɟ
ɡɚ ɤɚɤ ɷɬɨ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨ ɧɚ Ɋɢɫ '.
Ɋɢɫ 10C
Ɋɢɫ 10D
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ
ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɪɟɡɚ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɛɥɢɠɟɧɢɢ
ɩɢɥɵɤɧɟɨɬɪɟɡɚɧɧɨɣɱɚɫɬɢɫɬɜɨɥɚɞɟɪɟɜɨ
ɧɚɱɧɟɬɩɚɞɚɬɶ
Ʉɨɝɞɚɞɟɪɟɜɨɧɚɱɧɟɬɩɚɞɚɬɶɭɫɬɪɚɧɢɬɟɩɢɥɭ
ɢɡ ɫɪɟɡɚ ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ ɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ
ɩɢɥɭ ɧɚ ɡɟɦɥɟ ɢ ɭɞɚɥɢɬɟɫɶ ɢɡ ɡɨɧɵ ɩɨ
ɧɚɦɟɱɟɧɧɨɦɭɩɭɬɢɞɥɹɨɬɯɨɞɚɊɢɫ$.
ɈȻɊɍȻɄȺȼȿɌȼȿɃ
Ɉɛɪɭɛɤɚ ɜɟɬɜɟɣ ± ɷɬɨ ɨɬɪɟɡɚɧɢɟ ɜɟɬɜɟɣ ɭɠɟ
ɩɨɜɚɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɇɟ ɨɬɪɟɡɚɣɬɟ ɜɟɬɤɢ
ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɸɳɢɟ ɫɬɜɨɥ ɢ ɧɟɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɳɢɟ
ɟɦɭ ɫɤɚɬɢɬɶɫɹ $ ɩɨɤɚ ɧɟ ɪɚɫɩɢɥɢɬɟ ɫɬɜɨɥ
ɩɨɩɟɪɟɤɊɢɫ.
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬ
ɫɹɨɛɪɭɛɚɧɢɟɜɟɬɨɤɟɫɥɢȼɵɧɚɫɬɭɩɢɥɢɧɚ
ɫɬɜɨɥ
ɉɈɉȿɊȿɑɇȺəɊȿɁɄȺ
ɉɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɚɹɪɟɡɤɚɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬɫɹɩɨɩɟɪɟɤɞɪɟ
ɜɟɫɧɵɯ ɜɨɥɨɤɨɧ ɉɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɧɚ ɧɚɤɥɨɧɧɨɣ
ɩɥɨɳɚɞɤɟ ɭɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɬɨ ɡɚɧɹɥɢ ɭɫ
ɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɱɬɨ ȼɵ ɫɬɨɢɬɟ ɧɚ ɛɨ
ɥɟɟɜɵɫɨɤɨɣɫɬɨɪɨɧɟɫɤɥɨɧɚɩɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɸɤ
ɫɬɜɨɥɭɀɟɥɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɱɬɨɛɵɫɬɜɨɥɩɨɞɩɢɪɚɥɢ
ɨɩɨɪɵɬɚɤɱɬɨɛɵɩɨɞɥɟɠɚɳɢɣɪɟɡɤɟɤɨɧɟɰɧɟ
ɥɟɠɚɥɧɚɡɟɦɥɟȿɫɥɢɫɬɜɨɥɨɩɢɪɚɟɬɫɹɫɨɛɟ
ɢɯɫɬɨɪɨɧɢȼɚɦɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɩɢɥɢɬɶɜɫɟɪɟɞɢ
ɧɟɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɫɪɟɡɫɜɟɪɯɭɜɧɢɡɞɨɩɨɥɨɜɢɧɵ
ɫɬɜɨɥɚɢɡɚɜɟɪɲɢɬɟɫɪɟɡɫɧɢɡɭɌɚɤȼɵɩɪɟɞɨ
ɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɟɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɧɢɟɲɢɧɵɢɰɟɩɢɜɫɬɜɨɥɟ
Ȼɭɞɶɬɟɨɫɬɨɪɨɠɧɵɱɬɨɛɵɰɟɩɶɧɟɜɪɟɡɚɥɚɫɶ
ɜɡɟɦɥɸɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭɷɬɨɜɵɡɨɜɟɬɛɵɫɬɪɨɟɡɚ
ɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɟɰɟɩɢ
Ʉɨɝɞɚɪɟɠɟɬɟɩɨɩɟɪɟɤɧɚɫɤɥɨɧɟɜɫɟɝɞɚɡɚɧɢ
ɦɚɣɬɟɩɨɡɢɰɢɸɜɜɟɪɯɧɟɣɱɚɫɬɢ
ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɫɬɜɨɥ ɨɩɢɪɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɜɫɟɣ
ɫɜɨɟɣ ɞɥɢɧɟ ɜɜɨɞɢɬɟ ɩɢɥɭ ɫɜɟɪɯɭ ɜɧɢɡ ɢ
ɨɞɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɫɷɬɢɦɫɥɟɞɢɬɟɱɬɨɛɵɰɟɩɶ
ɧɟɜɪɟɡɚɥɚɫɶɜɡɟɦɥɸɊɢɫ$.
ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɤɨɝɞɚ ɫɬɜɨɥ ɨɩɢɪɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɞɧɢɦ
ɤɨɧɰɨɦɫɧɚɱɚɥɚɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɫɪɟɡɫɧɢɡɭɞɨ
ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɚ ɫɬɜɨɥɚ ɜɨɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟ ɪɚɫɤɚ
ɥɵɜɚɧɢɹɉɨɫɥɟɷɬɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɱɢɬɟɫɪɟɡɫɜɟɪ
ɯɭɬɚɤɱɬɨɛɵɨɧɫɨɜɩɚɥɫɩɟɪɜɵɦɫɪɟɡɨɦɢ
ɜɨɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɧɢɹɊɢɫ%.
ȼɫɥɭɱɚɟɤɨɝɞɚɫɬɜɨɥɨɩɢɪɚɟɬɫɹɫɜɨɢɦɢɨɛɨ
ɢɦɢɤɨɧɰɚɦɢɫɧɚɱɚɥɚɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɫɪɟɡɫɜɟɪ
ɯɭɞɨɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɚɫɬɜɨɥɚɱɬɨɛɵɢɡɛɟɠɚɬɶ
ɪɚɫɤɚɥɵɜɚɧɢɹɉɨɫɥɟɷɬɨɝɨɡɚɤɨɧɱɢɬɟɫɪɟɡ
ɫɧɢɡɭɬɚɤɱɬɨɛɵɨɧɫɨɜɩɚɥɫɩɟɪɜɵɦɫɪɟɡɨɦ
ɢ ɜɨɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟ ɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɧɢɹ Ɋɢɫ &.
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿɉɪɢɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨɣɪɟɡɤɟɧɚɢɛɨ
ɥɟɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɢɣɫɩɨɫɨɛɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɹɫɬɜɨɥɚ
ɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɶɟɝɨɧɚɩɨɞɫɬɚɜɤɭɞɥɹɪɟɡɤɢɞɟɪɟ
ɜɶɟɜ ɤɨɡɥɵ Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɷɬɨ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɧɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ
ɫɬɜɨɥ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɪɢɩɨɞɧɹɬɶ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɟɝɨ
ɧɚɤɭɫɤɢɜɟɬɨɤɢɥɢɛɪɟɜɧɚȼɚɦɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɭɛɟ
ɞɢɬɶɫɹɜɬɨɦɱɬɨɫɬɜɨɥɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧ
ȼɟɬɤɢɩɨɞɜɟɪɠɟɧɧɵɟɜɧɟɲɧɟɣɧɚɝɪɭɡɤɟɫɥɟ
ɞɭɟɬ ɨɬɪɟɡɚɬɶ ɫɧɢɡɭ ɜɜɟɪɯ ɜɨɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟ ɡɚ
ɤɥɢɧɢɜɚɧɢɹɩɢɥɵ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 65
65
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ɉɊɈɎɂɅȺɄɌɂɑȿɋɄɈȿɈȻɋɅɍɀɂȼȺɇɂȿ
Ɋɢɫ 11
Ɋɢɫ 12A
Ɋɢɫ 12B
Ɋɢɫ 12C
ɊȿɁɄȺȾȿɊȿȼɖȿȼɇȺɉɈȾɋɌȺȼɄȿ
ɄɈɁɅȺɏ
ɉɪɢ ɩɨɩɟɪɟɱɧɨɣ ɪɟɡɤɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟ
ɧɢɟ ɬɟɥɚ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɥɢɱ
ɧɨɣ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɥɟɝɤɨɫɬɢ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵɊɢɫ.
ɏɨɪɨɲɚɹɩɪɨɮɢɥɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɚɢɪɟ
ɝɭɥɹɪɧɵɟɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢɭɜɟɥɢɱɚɬɞɨɥɝɨɜɟɱɧɨɫɬɶɢ
ɭɥɭɱɲɚɬ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɰɟɩɧɨɣ
ɩɢɥɵ 63$5.< ɇɢɠɟ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɵ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧ
ɞɭɟɦɵɟɜɢɞɵɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢɩɨɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸ
ɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵ
ȼɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯɫɥɭɱɚɹɯɦɨɠɟɬɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɭɬɶɧɟɨɛ
ɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶɨɱɢɫɬɤɢɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹɢɡɚɦɟɧɵ
ɱɚɫɬɟɣɱɟɪɟɡɛɨɥɟɟɤɪɚɬɤɢɟɩɟɪɢɨɞɵɧɟɠɟɥɢ
ɬɟɱɬɨɭɤɚɡɚɧɵɡɞɟɫɶ
ɗɅȿɆȿɇɌ
ȼɢɧɬɵɝɚɣɤɢ
ɛɨɥɬɵ
ȼɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪ
Ɍɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪ
Ɇɚɫɥɹɧɵɣ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪ
ɋɜɟɱɚɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
ɂɫɤɪɨɜɨɣ
ɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
ɒɥɚɧɝɢɞɥɹ
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ
Ʉɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɵ
ɬɨɪɦɨɡɚɰɟɩɢ
Ɋɢɫ 13
$ȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɟɡɤɢɤɪɟɩɤɨɞɟɪɠɢɬɟɩɢɥɭɨɛɟɢ
ɦɢɪɭɤɚɦɢɫɩɪɚɜɚɨɬɬɟɥɚ
%Ⱦɟɪɠɢɬɟɥɟɜɭɸɪɭɤɭɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɜɵɩɪɹɦ
ɥɟɧɧɨɣ
&ɉɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɫɢɟ ɨɩɢɪɚɹɫɶ ɧɚ
ɨɛɟɧɨɝɢ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɟɡɤɢɩɢɥɨɣ
ȼɵɞɨɥɠɧɵɛɵɬɶɭɜɟɪɟɧɵɜɬɨɦɱɬɨɰɟɩɶɢ
ɲɢɧɚɫɦɚɡɵɜɚɸɬɫɹɯɨɪɨɲɨ
IX - ȀȓȣțȖȥȓȟȘȜȓ
ȜȏȟșȡȔȖȐȎțȖȓ
Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɰɟɩɧɨɣ ɩɢɥɵ ɡɚ
ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɭɩɨɦɹɧɭɬɵɯ ɡɞɟɫɶ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ
ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ ɩɪɚɜɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɵɦ
ɥɢɰɨɦɜɚɜɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɯɫɟɪɜɢɫɚɯɩɨɝɚɪɚɧ
ɬɢɣɧɨɦɭ ɢ ɜɧɟɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨɦɭ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ63$5.<
RU
66
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ɉɨɫɥɟ
ɉɨɫɥɟ
ɤɚɠɞɨ ɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ
ɝɨɢɫ
ɜɱɚɫɚɯ
ɩɨɥɶɡɨ
ɜɚɧɢɹ
ȾȿəɌȿɅɖɇɈɋɌɖ
10
20
ɋɯɟɦɚɞɟɹɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɟɣɩɨ
ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
ɇɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ
Ɉɱɢɫɬɤɚɢɥɢ
ɡɚɦɟɧɚ
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ
D
Ɉɱɢɫɬɤɚ
Ɋɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
D
D
D
D
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
D
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚɩɪɢ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
D
Ɂɚɦɟɧɚɩɪɢ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ
ȼɈɁȾɍɒɇɕɃɎɂɅɖɌɊ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɇɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹɪɚɛɨ
ɬɚɫɩɢɥɨɣɛɟɡɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨɮɢɥɶɬɪɚȼɞɜɢ
ɝɚɬɟɥɶɩɨɩɚɞɭɬɩɵɥɶɢɩɨɱɜɚɤɨɬɨɪɵɟɩɨɜ
ɪɟɞɹɬɟɝɨɋɨɞɟɪɠɢɬɟɜɱɢɫɬɨɬɟɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪ
Ɉɱɢɫɬɤɚɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨɮɢɥɶɬɪɚ
ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟɤɪɵɲɤɭ$ɢɡɜɥɟɤɢɬɟɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪ%Ɋɢɫ.
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟ ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣ ɮɢɥɶɬɪ ȼɵɦɨɣɬɟ
ɟɝɨ ɱɢɫɬɨɣ ɬɟɩɥɨɣ ɦɵɥɶɧɨɣ ɜɨɞɨɣ Ɉɩɨ
ɥɨɫɧɢɬɟɟɝɨɱɢɫɬɨɣɯɨɥɨɞɧɨɣɜɨɞɨɣɉɨɥ
ɧɨɫɬɶɸɜɵɫɭɲɢɬɟɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣɮɢɥɶɬɪ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿɅɭɱɲɟɜɫɟɝɨɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɬɶɡɚ
ɩɚɫɧɵɦɢɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɦɢɮɢɥɶɬɪɚɦɢ
3Ɇɨɧɬɢɪɭɣɬɟɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣɮɢɥɶɬɪɉɨɫɬɚɜɶ
ɬɟ ɤɪɵɲɤɭ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨ ɮɢɥɶ
ɬɪɚ ɍɛɟɞɢɬɟɫɶ ɱɬɨ ɤɪɵɲɤɚ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ
ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ Ɂɚɬɹɧɢɬɟ ɯɨɪɨɲɨ ɜɢɧɬɵ ɞɥɹ
ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɟɧɢɹɤɪɵɲɤɢ
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D
B
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɇɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹɨɛɫɥɭ
ɠɢɜɚɧɢɟɩɢɥɵɤɨɝɞɚɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɝɨɪɹɱɢɣɜɨ
ɢɡɛɟɠɚɧɢɟɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɨɠɨɝɚɪɭɤɢɥɢɩɚɥɶɰɟɜ
C
C
B
A
A
D
Ɋɢɫ 15
B
Ɋɢɫ 16
ɌɈɉɅɂȼɇɖȱɃɎɂɅɖɌɊ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ ɉɟɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɫɦɟɧɢɬɶ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪɨɩɨɪɨɠɧɢɬɟɪɟɡɭɪɜɭɚɪɞɥɹɦɚɫɥɚ
A
Ɋɢɫ 14
ɌɈɉɅɂȼɇɖȱɃɎɂɅɖɌɊ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɁɚɩɪɟɳɚɟɬɫɹɪɚɛɨɬɚɫ
ɩɢɥɨɣɛɟɡɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨɮɢɥɶɬɪɚɎɢɥɶɬɪɞɥɹ
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɚɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɦɟɧɹɬɶɱɟɪɟɡɤɚɠɞɵɟ
ɱɚɫɨɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɉɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɱɚɥɨɦ ɡɚɦɟɧɵ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪɚɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸɨɩɨɪɨɠɧɢɬɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪ
ɞɥɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ
Ⱦɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɤɪɵɲɤɭ ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨ ɮɢɥɶ
ɬɪɚ ɤɚɤ ɷɬɨ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɨ ɜ ɩɭɧɤɬɟ ȼɈɁȾɍɒ
ɇɖȱɃɎɂɅɖɌɊ
Ɉɬɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɟ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ ɲɥɚɧɝ$ ɨɬ ɤɚɪ
ɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ɂɡɜɥɟɤɢɬɟ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ ɮɢɥɶɬɪ ɋ ɢɡ ɪɟ
ɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ ɤɭɫɤɨɦ ɩɪɨɜɨɥɨɤɢ ɫ ɢɡɨɝɧɭɬɵɦ
ɤɨɧɰɨɦ'ɢɥɢɩɥɨɫɤɨɝɭɛɰɚɦɢɫɞɥɢɧɧɵɦɢ
ɝɭɛɤɚɦɢɋɧɢɦɢɬɟɮɢɥɶɬɪɢɜɵɛɪɨɫɶɬɟɟɝɨ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ ɇɟ ɜɵɬɚɫɤɢɜɚɣɬɟ ɞɨ ɤɨɧɰɚ
ɲɥɚɧɝɢɡɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɧɚ ɲɥɚɧɝ ɧɨɜɵɣ ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪɢɩɪɨɞɟɧɶɬɟɲɥɚɧɝɫɮɢɥɶɬɪɨɦɨɛ
ɪɚɬɧɨɜɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɬɚɤɱɬɨɛɵɮɢɥɶɬɪɛɵɥ
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɜɩɟɪɟɞɧɟɦɩɪɚɜɨɦɭɝɥɭ
ɋɧɨɜɚɩɨɞɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣɲɥɚɧɝ$
ɤɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɟɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɚ%
ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɵɣ ɮɢɥɶɬɪ ɢ
ɤɪɵɲɤɭɊɢɫ.
Ɂɚɩɪɚɜɶɬɟɫɜɟɠɟɣɫɦɟɫɶɸɛɟɧɡɢɧɚɢɦɚɫ
ɥɚɁɚɤɪɨɣɬɟɤɪɵɲɤɭɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ
Ɉɬɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɟ ɦɚɫɥɹɧɵɣ ɲɥɚɧɝ$ ɨɬ ɩɪɨ
ɤɥɚɞɤɢɧɚɫɨɫɚ%
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɩɪɨɜɨɥɨɤɭ ɨɤɚɧɱɢɜɚɸɳɭɸɫɹ
ɤɪɸɱɤɨɦ & ɜɵɬɹɧɢɬɟ ɦɚɫɥɹɧɵɣ ɮɢɥɶɬɪ
' ɢɡ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ ɉɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɫɧɢɦɢɬɟ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪɢɲɥɚɧɝ
ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɤɭɫɨɤɲɥɚɧɝɚɜɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɢɩɪɨ
ɩɭɫɬɢɬɟɟɝɨɱɟɪɟɡɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟɞɥɹɡɚɩɪɚɜɤɢ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɧɨɜɵɣɮɢɥɶɬɪɧɚɲɥɚɧɝɢɩɪɨɩɭɫ
ɬɢɬɟɲɥɚɧɝɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɜɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɬɚɤɱɬɨɛɵ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɢɥɫɹɧɚɞɧɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ
Ɉɬɪɟɠɶɬɟɲɥɚɧɝɞɨɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɣɞɥɢɧɵɢ
ɩɨɥɨɠɢɬɟɟɝɨɧɚɩɪɨɤɥɚɞɤɭɦɚɫɥɹɧɨɝɨɧɚ
ɫɨɫɚɊɢɫ.
ɂɋɄɊɈȼɈɃɊȺɁɊəȾɇɂɄɊɂɋ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿɉɪɢɡɚɫɨɪɟɧɧɨɦɢɫɤɪɨɜɨɦɪɚɡ
ɪɹɞɧɢɤɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶɪɟɡɤɨɩɚɞɚɟɬ
ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟɨɛɟɝɚɣɤɢ$ɡɚɤɪɟɩɥɹɸɳɢɟɲɭ
ɦɨɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɶɩɪɢɠɢɦɚɸɳɭɸɩɥɚɫɬɢɧɭ%
ɢɤɪɵɲɤɭɲɭɦɨɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɹ&
ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟɢɫɤɪɨɜɨɣɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ'ɫɦɟɬɚɥ
ɥɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɹ(ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɧɨɜɵɣ
ɢɫɤɪɨɜɨɣɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
ɋɨɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɜ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɦ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɲɭ
ɦɨɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɹɢɤɪɟɩɤɨɡɚɬɹɧɢɬɟɝɚɣɤɢ
E
D
C
B
A
Ɋɢɫ 17
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 67
67
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ɝ
ɋȼȿɑȺɁȺɀɂȽȺɇɂə
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ Ⱦɥɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɫ
ɩɢɥɨɣɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬɶɫɜɟɱɜɱɢɫɬɨɬɟ
ɢɨɱɢɳɚɬɶɟɟɨɬɧɚɝɚɪɚɚɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɦɟɠɞɭ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɚɦɢɞɨɥɠɧɨɛɵɬɶɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɨɬɪɟɝɭ
ɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɨ
ɉɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟɤɧɨɩɤɭɋɌɈɉɜɩɟɪɟɞ
Ɉɬɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɤɥɟɦɦɭɨɬɫɜɟɱɢɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
ɨɞɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɫɷɬɢɦɜɵɬɹɝɢɜɚɹɟɟɢɫɝɢ
ɛɚɹɊɢɫ.
ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟɫɜɟɱɭɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹɩɪɢɩɨɦɨɳɢɫɩɟ
ɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨɤɥɸɱɚɞɥɹɫɜɟɱɟɣɇȿɂɋɉɈɅɖ
ɁɍɃɌȿɇɂɄȺɄɈɃȾɊɍȽɈɃɂɇɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌ
ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɧɨɜɭɸɫɜɟɱɭɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹɫɪɚɫɫɬɨ
ɹɧɢɟɦɦɟɠɞɭɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɚɦɢPP
Ɋɢɫ 18
Ɋɢɫ 19
ɊȿȽɍɅɂɊɈȼȺɇɂȿɄȺɊȻɘɊȺɌɈɊȺ
Ʉɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪ ɮɚɛɪɢɱɧɨ ɨɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧ ɞɥɹ
ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɵȼɫɥɭɱɚɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫ
ɬɢ ɜ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɦ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɨɬɧɟɫɢɬɟ
ɰɟɩɧɭɸ ɩɢɥɭ ɜ ɛɥɢɠɚɣɲɢɣ ɚɜɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ
ɫɟɪɜɢɫ
ɄɈɇɋȿɊȼȺɐɂəɐȿɉɇɈɃɉɂɅɖȱ
ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɰɟɩɧɨɣ
ɩɢɥɵ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɞɧɟɣ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɚ ɟɟ ɤɨɧɫɟɪ
ɜɚɰɢɹȿɫɥɢɧɟɛɭɞɭɬɫɨɛɥɸɞɟɧɵɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɩɨ ɤɨɧɫɟɪɜɚɰɢɢ ɨɫɬɚɜɲɟɟɫɹ ɜ ɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɟ
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɨɢɫɩɚɪɢɬɫɹɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɹɜɹɡɤɢɣɠɟɥɟɨɛ
ɪɚɡɧɵɣɨɫɚɞɨɤɗɬɨɜɩɨɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɢɞɨɜɟɞɟɬɞɨ
ɬɪɭɞɧɨɝɨɩɭɫɤɚɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɢɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɨɝɨɫɷɬɢɦ
ɞɨɪɨɝɨɫɬɨɹɳɟɝɨɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɇɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹ ɯɪɚ
ɧɟɧɢɟɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵɛɨɥɟɟɞɧɟɣɟɫɥɢɧɟ
ɛɭɞɟɬɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɧɹɬɵɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟɦɟɪɵ
Ɇɟɞɥɟɧɧɨ ɫɧɢɦɢɬɟ ɤɪɵɲɤɭ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ
ɞɥɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɚɱɬɨɛɵɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɶɫɨɡɞɚɜɲɟ
ɟɫɹɜɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɟɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɟȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ
ɨɩɨɪɨɠɧɢɬɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɞɥɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɚ
Ɂɚɩɭɫɬɢɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɢɞɚɣɬɟɟɦɭɩɨɪɚɛɨ
ɬɚɬɶɩɨɤɚɨɧɧɟɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹɱɬɨɛɵɢɡɤɚɪ
ɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɚɢɫɩɚɪɢɥɨɫɶɬɨɩɥɢɜɨ
RU
68
tv 5545-cs2.indd 68
Ⱦɚɣɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɸɨɫɬɵɬɶɨɤɨɥɨɦɢɧɭɬ
ɋ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɤɥɸɱɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɜɟɱɟɣ ɫɧɢɦɢɬɟ
ɫɜɟɱɭɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
Ⱦɨɛɚɜɶɬɟ ɱɚɣɧɭɸ ɥɨɠɤɭ ɱɢɫɬɨɝɨ ɦɚɫɥɚ
ɞɥɹɬɚɤɬɨɜɨɜɵɯɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟɣɜɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣ
ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪ Ɇɟɞɥɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɹɸɳɢɦɢ
ɫɹ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɜɵɬɹɝɢɜɚɣɬɟ ɲɧɭɪ ɫɬɚɪ
ɬɟɪɚ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɟ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɵ ɩɨɤ
ɪɵɥɢɫɶ ɦɚɫɥɨɦ ȼɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɫɜɟɱɭ
ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹɊɢɫ.
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿɏɪɚɧɢɬɟɰɟɩɧɭɸɩɢɥɭɜɫɭɯɨɦ
ɦɟɫɬɟ ɜɞɚɥɢ ɨɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɯ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ ɜɨɫ
ɩɥɚɦɟɧɟɧɢɹɬɚɤɢɯɤɚɤɩɟɱɶɝɚɡɨɜɵɣɛɨɣɥɟɪ
ɝɚɡɨɜɚɹɫɭɲɢɥɶɧɹɢɩɪ
Ⱦ
ɞ
ɞ
ɉɈȾȽɈɌɈȼɄȺɆȺɒɂɇɖȱɄɊȺȻɈɌȿ
ɉɈɋɅȿɄɈɇɋȿɊȼȺɐɂɂ
ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟɫɜɟɱɭɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
ɋɢɥɶɧɵɦ ɪɵɜɤɨɦ ɜɵɞɟɪɧɢɬɟ ɲɧɭɪ ɫɬɚɪ
ɬɟɪɚ ɱɬɨɛɵ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɢɡɥɢɲɟɤ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢɡ
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɚ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟ ɢ ɨɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɡɚɡɨɪɵ ɫɜɟɱɢ
ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹɢɥɢɜɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɧɨɜɭɸɫɜɟɱɭɫɩɨɞ
ɯɨɞɹɳɢɦɡɚɡɨɪɨɦ
ɉɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɶɬɟɰɟɩɧɭɸɩɢɥɭɤɪɚɛɨɬɟ
Ɂɚɩɪɚɜɶɬɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɟɣɬɨɩɥɢɜ
ɧɨɣɫɦɟɫɶɸɛɟɧɡɢɧɚɢɦɚɫɥɚɋɦɌɚɛɥɢɰɭ
ɩɪɢɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɢɹɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɣɫɦɟɫɢ
ɌȿɏɇɂɑȿɋɄɈȿɈȻɋɅɍɀɂȼȺɇɂȿ
ɒɂɇɖȱ
ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɱɚɫɬɨɫɦɚɡɵɜɚɬɶɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟ
ɫɨ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɯɭɲɤɟ ɲɢɧɵ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣ ɭɯɨɞ ɡɚ
ɲɢɧɨɣɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɵɣɜɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɦɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɢɦɟ
ɟɬɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɞɥɹɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵ
ɋɦɚɡɤɚɰɟɩɧɨɝɨɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɝɨɤɨɥɟɫɚɲɢɧɵ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɐɟɩɧɨɟɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟ
ɫɨɲɢɧɵɮɚɛɪɢɱɧɨɫɦɚɡɚɧɨɄɚɤɩɨɹɫɧɹɟɬ
ɫɹɧɢɠɟɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɦɚɡɤɢɰɟɩɧɨɝɨɡɭɛɱɚ
ɬɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ ɲɢɧɵ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɧɨɣ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢɢɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɸɢɚɧ
ɧɭɥɢɪɭɟɬɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɸɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ
Ɋɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ ɰɟɩɧɨɝɨ ɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɝɨ
ɤɨɥɟɫɚ ɲɢɧɵ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɱɚɫɨɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɢɥɢ
ɪɚɡɜɧɟɞɟɥɸɜɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢɨɬɬɨɝɨɤɚɤɨɟ
ɢɡ ɞɜɭɯ ɫɨɛɵɬɢɣ ɧɚɫɬɭɩɢɬ ɪɚɧɶɲɟ ȼɫɟɝɞɚ
ɩɟɪɟɞ ɫɦɚɡɤɨɣ ɬɳɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɨɱɢɳɚɣɬɟ ɰɟɩ
ɧɨɟɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟɫɨɲɢɧɵ
TV 5545
ɝ
ɞ
Ⱦ
ɉɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɞɥɹɫɦɚɡɤɢ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɨɫɢɬɟ ɡɚ
ɳɢɬɧɵɟɩɟɪɱɚɬɤɢɞɥɹɬɹɠɟɥɨɣɪɚɛɨɬɵɤɨɝ
ɞɚɡɚɧɢɦɚɟɬɟɫɶɲɢɧɨɣɢɥɢɰɟɩɶɸ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿȼɫɟɝɞɚɧɨɫɢɬɟ
ɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟɪɭɤɚɜɢɰɵɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ
ɪɚɛɨɬɩɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɟɇɟɞɨɩɭɫ
ɤɚɟɬɫɹɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɢ
ɩɪɢɝɨɪɹɱɟɦɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɟ
Ⱦɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɰɟɩɧɨɝɨ ɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɟɫɚ ɪɟɤɨ
ɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɟɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɝɨɲɩɪɢɰɚ
ɧɟ ɜɯɨɞɢɬ ɜ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɸ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɟɬɫɹ
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨ ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɵɣ ɲɩɪɢɰ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɢɝ
ɥɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɭɸ ɞɸɡɭ ɧɚ ɤɨɧɰɟ ɱɬɨ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ
ɞɥɹɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨɜɜɟɞɟɧɢɹɫɦɚɡɤɢɜɰɟɩɧɨɟ
ɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟɫɨɲɢɧɵ
Ɋɢɫ 21
ɉɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟɜɧɢɡɜɵɤɥɸɱɚɬɟɥɶɋɌɈɉ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ ɑɬɨɛɵ ɫɦɚɡɚɬɶ ɰɟɩɧɨɟ ɡɭɛ
ɱɚɬɨɟ ɤɨɥɟɫɨ ɲɢɧɵ ɧɟɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɧɢɦɚɬɶ
ɰɟɩɶɋɦɚɡɤɭɦɨɠɧɨɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫ
ɬɜɟɧɧɨ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɰɟɩɧɨɟɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟɫɨɲɢɧɵ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɲɩɪɢɰɚɞɥɹɫɦɚɡɤɢɧɟɜɯɨ
ɞɢɬ ɜ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɸ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɫɬɢ
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɢɝɥɨɨɛɪɚɡɧɭɸ
ɞɸɡɭ ɜ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɢ ɜɜɨɞɢɬɟ
ɫɦɚɡɤɭɞɨɬɟɯɩɨɪɩɨɤɚɨɧɚɧɟɩɨɹɜɢɬɫɹɧɚ
ɜɧɟɲɧɟɣɤɪɨɦɤɟɰɟɩɧɨɝɨɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɝɨɤɨɥɟɫɚ
ɲɢɧɵɊɢɫ.
ɉɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɣɬɟ ɰɟɩɶ ɜɪɭɱɧɭɸ ɉɨɜɬɨɪɢɬɟ
ɜɵɲɟɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɭɸɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɭɫɦɚɡɤɢɩɨɤɚɧɟ
ɛɭɞɟɬɫɦɚɡɚɧɨɜɫɟɰɟɩɧɨɟɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɟɤɨɥɟɫɨ
ɲɢɧɵ
Ɂɚɬɨɱɢɬɟɰɟɩɶɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟɪɭɤɚɜɢɰɵ
ɢɤɪɭɝɥɭɸɩɢɥɭ‘PPɧɟɜɯɨɞɢɬɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤ
ɬɚɰɢɸɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɫɬɢɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
ȼɫɟɝɞɚ ɡɚɬɚɱɢɜɚɣɬɟ ɪɟɠɭɳɢɟ ɡɜɟɧɶɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ
ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɢɡɧɭɬɪɢ ɫɧɚ
ɪɭɠɭ Ɋɢɫ ɩɪɢɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɹɫɶ ɤ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚɦ
ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɦɧɚɊɢɫ.
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɬɨɱɤɢ ɜɫɟ ɪɟɠɭɳɢɟ ɡɜɟɧɶɹ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ
ɢɦɟɬɶɨɞɢɧɚɤɨɜɭɸɞɥɢɧɭɢɲɢɪɢɧɭ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɰɟɩɶ
ɯɨɪɨɲɨ ɡɚɬɨɱɟɧɚ ɨɬɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɯɨɪɨɲɨ
ɨɮɨɪɦɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɫɬɪɭɠɤɢ ȿɫɥɢ ɩɪɢ ɪɟɡɤɟ
ɧɚɱɧɟɬ ɨɬɞɟɥɹɬɶɫɹ ɩɵɥɶ ɷɬɨ ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬɱɬɨ
ɧɚɫɬɭɩɢɥɨɜɪɟɦɹɡɚɬɨɱɢɬɶɟɟɰɟɩɶ
ɉɨɫɥɟɤɚɠɞɨɣɬɪɟɬɶɟɣɱɟɬɜɟɪɬɨɣɡɚɬɨɱɤɢɧɟ
ɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɬɶ ɜɵɫɨɬɭ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɟɣ
ɝɥɭɛɢɧɵ ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ
ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɚ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɣ
ɩɢɥɵɢɲɚɛɥɨɧɚɧɟɜɯɨɞɹɬɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɸ
ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɫɬɢ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɱɟɝɨɩɟɪɟɞɧɢɟɤɪɨɦɤɢɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɟɣɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ
ɡɚɤɪɭɝɥɢɬɶɊɢɫ.
Ɋɢɫ 20
Ȼɨɥɶɲɭɸɱɚɫɬɶɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɫɲɢɧɨɣɦɨɠɧɨɩɪɟ
ɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɶɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɹɯɨɪɨɲɟɦɭɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨ
ɦɭɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟ
ɤɨɪɪɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɟɣ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɵ
ɫɬɨɥɶɠɟɜɚɠɧɨɤɚɤɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɚɹɡɚɬɨɱɤɚ
ɰɟɩɢ
ɇɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɚɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ ɲɢɧɵ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ ɩɢ
ɥɨɣɩɪɢɱɪɟɡɦɟɪɧɨɧɚɬɹɧɭɬɨɣɰɟɩɢɩɪɢɜɨɞɹɬ
ɤɛɵɫɬɪɨɦɭɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɸɲɢɧɵ
Ⱦɥɹɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɹɢɡɧɨɫɚɲɢɧɵɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɸɬ
ɫɹɧɢɠɟɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɵɟɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɵɩɨɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨ
ɦɭɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸ
Ɋɢɫ 22
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 69
Ɋɢɫ 23
69
RU
ɝ
ȼɟɞɭɳɚɹɲɢɧɚɋɭɱɟɬɨɦɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɝɨɢɡ
ɧɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɹɲɢɧɭɫɥɟɞɭɟɬɩɨɜɨɪɚɱɢɜɚɬɶɱɟɪɟɡ
ɤɚɠɞɵɟɱɚɫɨɜɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɉɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɣɬɟɱɢɫɬɨɣɤɚɧɚɜɤɭɲɢɧɵɢɨɬɜɟɪ
ɫɬɢɟɞɥɹɫɦɚɡɤɢɫɩɨɦɨɳɶɸɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɹ
ɞɥɹɨɱɢɫɬɤɢɧɟɜɯɨɞɢɬɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɸɫɥɟ
ɞɭɟɬɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɫɬɢɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɊɢɫ.
ɑɚɫɬɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟ ɧɚ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɟ ɢɡɧɨɫɚ ɪɟɥɶɫ
ɲɢɧɵɜɫɥɭɱɚɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢɭɞɚɥɢɬɟɫɧɢɯ
ɡɚɭɫɟɧɢɰɵɚɩɪɹɦɨɣɩɢɥɨɣɡɚɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɪɟɥɶɫɵ
ɩɨɞɩɪɹɦɵɦɭɝɥɨɦɊɢɫ.
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɢɤɨɝɞɚ ɧɟ
ɦɨɧɬɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɧɨɜɭɸ ɰɟɩɶ ɧɚ ɢɡɧɨɲɟɧɧɨɟ
ɰɟɩɧɨɟ ɡɭɛɧɨɟ ɤɨɥɟɫɨ ɢɥɢ ɧɚ ɢɡɧɨɲɟɧɧɨɟ
ɫɚɦɨɜɵɪɚɜɧɢɜɚɸɳɟɟɫɹɤɨɥɶɰɨ
Ɋɢɫ 24
Ɋɢɫ 25
ɂɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɟ ɲɢɧɵ ± ɉɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɩɨɜɨ
ɪɚɱɢɜɚɣɬɟɲɢɧɭɧɚɩɪɱɟɪɟɡɱɚɫɨɜɪɚɛɨɬɵɫ
ɩɢɥɨɣɱɬɨɛɵɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɬɶɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɟɢɡɧɚ
ɲɢɜɚɧɢɟɜɟɪɯɧɟɣɢɧɢɠɧɟɣɱɚɫɬɢɲɢɧɵ
ɉɪɨɯɨɞɧɵɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ± ɉɪɨ
ɯɨɞɧɵɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɲɢɧɵ ɞɨɥɠ
ɧɵ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɱɢɫɬɨɬɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɲɢɧɵ ɢ ɰɟɩɢ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ
ɪɚɛɨɬɵ
ɉɊɂɆȿɑȺɇɂȿ ɋɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɯɨɞɧɵɯ ɨɬ
ɜɟɪɫɬɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɫɦɚɡɤɢ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɥɟɝɤɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɢɬɶ
ȿɫɥɢ ɩɪɨɯɨɞɧɵɟ ɨɬɜɟɪɫɬɢɹ ɱɢɫɬɵɟ ɬɨ ɱɟɪɟɡ
ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨɫɟɤɭɧɞɩɨɫɥɟɩɭɫɤɚɩɢɥɵɰɟɩɶɚɜ
ɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɪɚɡɛɪɵɡɝɚɟɬ ɤɚɩɟɥɶɤɢ ɦɚɫɥɚ
ɗɬɚɰɟɩɧɚɹɩɢɥɚɨɫɧɚɳɟɧɚɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣɚɜɬɨɦɚ
ɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣɫɦɚɡɤɢ
Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɧɨɜɨɣɰɟɩɢ
Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɰɟɩɶ ɢ ɲɢɧɚ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɰɟɩɶ ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɪɟ
ɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɩɨɫɥɟɤɚɠɞɵɟɫɪɟɡɨɜɗɬɨɧɨɪ
ɦɚɥɶɧɨ ɞɥɹ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɚ ɫɨ ɜɪɟ
ɦɟɧɟɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɵ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɩɟɪɟɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹɦɢ
ɛɵɫɬɪɨɜɨɡɪɚɫɬɭɬ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬ
ɫɹɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɟɛɨɥɟɟɡɜɟɧɶɟɜɢɡɰɟɩɢɗɬɨ
ɜɵɡɨɜɟɬ ɩɨɜɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ ɰɟɩɧɨɝɨ ɡɭɛɱɚɬɨɝɨ
ɤɨɥɟɫɚ
ɋɦɚɡɤɚɰɟɩɢ
ȼɫɟɝɞɚ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟ ɯɨɪɨɲɨ ɥɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬ
ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɫɦɚɡɵɜɚɧɢɹ Ɂɚ
ɩɪɚɜɥɹɣɬɟ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɭɚɪ ɞɥɹ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɫɦɚɡɨɱ
ɧɵɦɦɚɫɥɨɦ63$5.<
ɏɨɪɨɲɚɹɫɦɚɡɤɚɲɢɧɵɢɰɟɩɢɜɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɚ
ɛɨɬɵ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ ɮɚɤɬɨɪɨɦ
ɞɥɹɦɢɧɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢɢɯɬɪɟɧɢɹ
ɇɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɲɢɧɵ ɢ ɰɟɩɢ ɛɟɡ
ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɝɨɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɚɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɝɨɦɚɫ
ɥɚ Ɋɚɛɨɬɚ ɰɟɩɧɨɣ ɩɢɥɵ ɛɟɡ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɢɥɢ ɫ
ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɦ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɦɚɫɥɚ ɫɨ
ɤɪɚɳɚɟɬ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɢɥɵ ɰɟɩɶ
ɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɟɠɞɟɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨ ɱɬɨ ɩɪɢ
ɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɛɵɫɬɪɨɦɭ ɢɡɧɚɲɢɜɚɧɢɸ ɲɢɧɵ ɨɬ
ɩɟɪɟɝɪɟɜɚ ɉɪɢɡɧɚɤɨɦ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɚ ɦɚɫɥɚ
ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɞɵɦɚɚɬɚɤɠɟɜɵɰɜɟ
ɬɚɧɢɟɲɢɧɵ
Ɂɚɬɨɱɤɚɰɟɩɢ
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɬɨɱɤɢ ɪɟɠɭɳɢɯ ɤɪɨɦɨɤ
ɩɨɞɩɪɹɦɵɦɭɝɥɨɦɢɧɚɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɣɝɥɭɛɢɧɟ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɇɚ
ɱɢɧɚɸɳɟɦɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɸɰɟɩɧɨɣɩɢɥɵɦɵɪɟ
ɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɦɨɬɧɟɫɬɢɰɟɩɶɜɛɥɢɠɚɣɲɢɣɫɟɪɜɢɫ
ɩɨɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɧɢɸɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ63$5.<ɝɞɟ
ɨɧɚ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɡɚɬɨɱɟɧɚ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɨ ȿɫɥɢ
ȼɵ ɪɟɲɢɬɟ ɡɚɧɹɬɶɫɹ ɷɬɢɦ ɫɚɦɨɫɬɨɹɬɟɥɶɧɨ
ɦɨɠɟɬɟɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɫɬɢɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɵɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧ
ɬɵ ɞɥɹ ɡɚɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɫɟɪɜɢɫɟ ɨɛɫɥɭɠɢɜɚɸɳɟɦ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ63$5.<
ɌȿɏɇɂɑȿɋɄɈȿɈȻɋɅɍɀɂȼȺɇɂȿɐȿɉɂ
ɇɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟɰɟɩɢ
ɑɚɫɬɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɣɬɟ ɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɟ ɰɟɩɢ ɢ ɩɪɢ ɧɟ
ɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɟɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɱɬɨɛɵ
ɰɟɩɶɩɪɢɥɟɝɚɥɚɤɲɢɧɟɧɨɜɫɟɠɟɛɵɥɚɞɨɫɬɚ
ɬɨɱɧɨ ɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɣ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɥɚɫɶ ɪɭɤɨɣ ɛɟɡ
ɭɫɢɥɢɹ
RU
70
tv 5545-cs2.indd 70
TV 5545
ɝ
ȼɈɁɆɈɀɇɖȱȿɇȿɂɋɉɊȺȼɇɈɋɌɂɂɂɏɍɋɌɊȺɇȿɇɂȿ
Ɉɛɧɚɪɭɠɟɧɧɚɹɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɶ
Ɇɚɲɢɧɚɧɟɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬɫɹɢɥɢ
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬɫɹɧɨɝɚɫɧɟɬ
ȼɟɪɨɹɬɧɚɹɩɪɢɱɢɧɚ
ɋɩɨɫɨɛɭɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɟɩɭɫɤɨɜɵɟɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɵ
ɋɥɟɞɭɣɬɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɦɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɣ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɚɹɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚ
ɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ɉɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɣɬɟɶɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɜ
ɚɜɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɫɟɪɜɢɫɟ
Ɂɚɝɪɹɡɧɟɧɢɟɫɜɟɱɢɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɫɜɟɱɭɨɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɣɬɟ
ɡɚɡɨɪɢɥɢɡɚɦɟɧɢɬɟɫɜɟɱɭ
Ɂɚɫɨɪɟɧɢɟɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɨɝɨɮɢɥɶɬɪɚ
Ɂɚɦɟɧɢɬɟɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɵɣɮɢɥɶɬɪ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɪɵɱɚɝɚ
ɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɹ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟɪɵɱɚɝɜɫɚɫɵɜɚɬɟɥɹɜ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟȼɖȱɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
Ɂɚɝɪɹɡɧɟɧɢɟɢɫɤɪɨɜɨɝɨɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤɚ
Ɂɚɦɟɧɢɬɟɢɫɤɪɨɜɨɣɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
Ɂɚɝɪɹɡɧɟɧɢɟɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨɮɢɥɶɬɪɚ
ɋɧɢɦɢɬɟɩɨɱɢɫɬɶɬɟɢɫɧɨɜɚɩɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ
ɮɢɥɶɬɪ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɚɹɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚ
ɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ɉɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɣɬɟɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɜ
ɚɜɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɫɟɪɜɢɫɟ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɚɹɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚ
ɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ɉɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɣɬɟɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɜ
ɚɜɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɫɟɪɜɢɫɟ
Ɋɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɧɟɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɨɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɡɚɡɨɪ
ɫɜɟɱɢɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɢɬɟɫɜɟɱɭɨɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɣɬɟ
ɡɚɡɨɪɢɥɢɡɚɦɟɧɢɬɟɫɜɟɱɭ
ɑɪɟɡɦɟɪɧɨɟɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɞɵɦɚ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɚɹɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚ
ɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ɉɬɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɣɬɟɤɚɪɛɸɪɚɬɨɪɜ
ɚɜɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɫɟɪɜɢɫɟ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɩɪɢɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɧɚɹ
ɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɚɹɫɦɟɫɶ
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ
ɩɪɢɝɨɬɨɜɥɟɧɧɭɸɬɨɩɥɢɜɧɭɸɫɦɟɫɶ
ɜɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɢɱɚɫɬɟɣɛɟɧɡɢɧɚɢ
ɱɚɫɬɶɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɝɨɦɚɫɥɚ
Ɇɚɲɢɧɚɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬɫɹɧɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɬɫɧɢɡɤɨɣɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶɸ
Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɶɩɪɢɨɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ
ɇɟɬɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɢɩɨɞɬɨɜɚɪɨɦ
ɤ
;DZȎȞȎțȠȖȭ
ǽȞȖȚȓȥȎțȖȭ
Ƚɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɣ ɫɪɨɤ ɧɚ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɨɣ ɩɢɥɵ
63$5.<ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹɜɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨɣɤɚɪɬɟ
ɇɚ ɧɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɲɢɟ ɜɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ
ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨɢɡɧɨɫɚɩɟɪɟɝɪɭɡɤɢɢɥɢɧɟɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɵɟ ɨɛɹɡɚ
ɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɚɧɟɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɹɸɬɫɹ
ɇɟɢɫɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɹɜɢɜɲɢɟɫɹ ɜɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɢ
ɜɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɧɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜɢɢɥɢ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɲɢɛɨɤ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɛɟɡ
ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɨɩɥɚɬɵ ɩɭɬɟɦ ɡɚɦɟɧɵ ɢɥɢ
ɪɟɦɨɧɬɚ
Ɋɟɤɥɚɦɚɰɢɹɧɚɩɪɨɹɜɢɜɲɢɟɫɹɞɟɮɟɤɬɵɛɟɧ
ɡɢɧɨɜɨɣ ɰɟɩɧɨɣ ɩɢɥɵ 63$5.< ɩɪɢɡɧɚɟɬɫɹ
ɟɫɥɢ ɦɚɲɢɧɚ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɟɧɚ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɳɢɤɭ ɢɥɢ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɚɜɬɨɪɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣɧɨ
ɦɭ ɫɟɪɜɢɡɭ ɜ ɧɟɪɚɡɨɛɪɚɧɧɨɦ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶ
ɧɨɦɜɢɞɟ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɜɫɸɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸɩɨ
ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɬɟɦ ɤɚɤ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ
ɷɬɨɢɡɞɟɥɢɟ
ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɶ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɡɚ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɩɪɚɜɨ
ɜɜɨɞɢɬɶ ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɜɨɢ ɢɡ
ɞɟɥɢɹɢɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɛɟɡɩɪɟɞɭɩ
ɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ
ɋɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɦɨɝɭɬɨɬɥɢɱɚɬɶɫɹɞɥɹɪɚɡɥɢɱ
ɧɵɯɫɬɪɚɧ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɩɨɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 71
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ɌɨɜɚɢɡɞɟɥɢɟɟɢɡɩɢɬɚɧɨɩɪɢɢɡɱɢɫɥɟɧɴɝɴɥɧɚɨɬɫɤɨɤDɧɟɩɨɝɨɥɹɦɨɬɝɪɚɞɭɫɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ‡ɆɈɅəɉɊɈɑȿɌȿɌȿ
ɉɚɡɟɬɟ ɫɟ ɨɬ ɨɬɫɤɨɤ Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟ ɫ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɝɨ ɞɪɴɠɬɟ ɡɞɪɚɜɨ ɫ ɞɜɟɬɟ ɫɢ
ɪɴɰɟɋɨɝɥɟɞȼɚɲɚɬɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɦɨɥɹɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɢɫɩɚɡɜɚɣɬɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɬɚ
ɡɚ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ ɜ ɬɚɡɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɨɩɢɬɚɬɟ ɞɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟ ɫ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɬɚ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚ ɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ǿȨȒȨȞȔȎțȖȓ
, ȼɴɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ................................................................................................................................... 72
,, Ɍɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɞɚɧɧɢ........................................................................................................................
,,, ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɢɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɬɪɢɨɧɢ............................
,9 Ɂɚɩɨɡɧɚɜɚɧɟɫɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧ ........................................................................................... A/76
9 ɍɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɡɚɦɨɧɬɚɠ................................................................................................................... 77
9, Ƚɨɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫɢɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ.......................................................................................................... 80
9,, ɍɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ.................................................................................................................... 80
9,,, ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɪɹɡɚɧɟɫɬɪɢɨɧɚ............................................................................................... 82
,; ɉɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ ................................................................................................................................... 85
; Ƚɚɪɚɧɰɢɹ ....................................................................................................................................... 90
ɊȺɁɈɉȺɄɈȼȺɇȿ
ȼɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɨɛɳɨɩɪɢɟɬɢɬɟɬɟɯɧɨɥɨɝɢɢɧɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɟɦɚɥɤɨɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɧɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢɬɢɹɨɬ
ȼɚɫɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧɞɚɟɧɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɟɧɢɥɢɧɹɤɨɹɨɬɱɚɫɬɢɬɟɦɭɞɚɥɢɩɫɜɚȺɤɨɡɚɛɟɥɟɠɢɬɟɱɟ
ɧɟɳɨɧɟɟɧɚɪɟɞɧɟɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟɫɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɞɨɤɚɬɨɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɚɬɚɱɚɫɬɧɟɫɟɫɦɟɧɢɢɥɢɞɟɮɟɤɬɴɬɧɟɛɴɞɟ
ɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɇɟɢɡɩɴɥɧɟɧɢɟɬɨɧɚɬɚɡɢɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɤɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɞɨɜɟɞɟɞɨɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚɬɪɭɞɨɜɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ
ɋȽɅɈȻəȼȺɇȿ
Ȼɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɢɹɬɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧ79ɫɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɹɨɩɚɤɨɜɚɧɢɫɝɥɨɛɟɧɉɪɟɞɢɩɴɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɧɨɩɭɫ
ɤɚɧɟɜɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɧɚɧɨɜɢɹɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɤɨɢɬɨɜɥɢɡɚɬɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹɬɚ
ɞɚɫɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɬɩɨɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɩɨɞɨɥɭɜɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɬɚɧɚɱɢɧ
,ǰȨȐȓȒȓțȖȓ
ɇɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢɬɢɹɬɨɬȼɚɫɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧ63$5.<ɳɟɧɚɞɯɜɴɪɥɢȼɚɲɢɬɟɨɱɚɤɜɚɧɢɹ
Ɍɨɣɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɜɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫɜɢɫɨɤɢɬɟɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɢɧɚɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨɬɨɧɚ63$5.<ɨɬɝɨɜɚɪɹɳɢɧɚ
ɫɬɪɨɝɢɬɟɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɧɚɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɹɅɟɫɟɧɡɚɨɛɫɥɭɠɜɚɧɟɢɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɟɧɩɪɢɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɩɪɢ
ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɬɨɡɢɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧɳɟȼɢɫɥɭɠɢɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɞɴɥɝɢɝɨɞɢɧɢ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɨɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɰɹɥɚɬɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɧɨɜɨɩɪɢɞɨɛɢ
ɬɢɹɫɢɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧ63$5.<Ɉɛɴɪɧɟɬɟɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɨɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɧɚɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɟɬɟɤɨɢɬɨɡɚɩɨɱɜɚɬɫ
ɞɭɦɢɬɟ³ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ´ɢ³ɉɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ´ȼɚɲɢɹɬɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧ63$5.<ɩɪɢɬɟɠɚɜɚɦɧɨɝɨɤɚ
ɱɟɫɬɜɚɤɨɢɬɨɳɟɭɥɟɫɧɹɬȼɚɲɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɉɪɢɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɬɚɧɚɬɨɡɢɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧɧɚɣɝɨɥɹɦɨ
ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɟɨɛɴɪɧɚɬɨɧɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɬɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɢɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɫɬɬɚɤɨɢɬɨɝɨ
ɩɪɚɜɹɬɥɟɫɟɧɡɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɢɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
ɇɟɢɡɯɜɴɪɥɹɣɬɟɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢɡɚɟɞɧɨɫɛɢɬɨɜɢɬɟɨɬɩɚɞɴɰɢ
Ɉɬɩɚɞɴɰɢɬɟ ɨɬ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ ɧɟ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɫɴɛɢɪɚɬ ɡɚɟɞɧɨ ɫ ɛɢɬɨɜɢɬɟ
ɨɬɩɚɞɴɰɢ Ɇɨɥɹ ɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɣɬɟ ɧɚ ɦɟɫɬɚɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢ ɡɚ ɬɨɜɚ ɋɜɴɪɠɟɬɟ ɫɟ ɫ
ɦɟɫɬɧɢɬɟɜɥɚɫɬɢɢɥɢɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɥɡɚɤɨɧɫɭɥɬɚɰɢɹɨɬɧɨɫɧɨɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟɬɨ
ɈɉȺɁȼȺɇȿɇȺɈɄɈɅɇȺɌȺɋɊȿȾȺ
ɋɨɝɥɟɞɨɩɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚɫɪɟɞɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɴɬɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɬɟɢɨɩɚɤɨɜ
ɤɚɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɩɨɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɧɚɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚɩɪɟɪɚɛɨɬɤɚɡɚɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɧɚ
ɫɴɞɴɪɠɚɳɢɬɟɫɟɜɬɹɯɫɭɪɨɜɢɧɢ
Ɂɚɨɛɥɟɤɱɚɜɚɧɟɧɚɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟɬɨɞɟɬɚɣɥɢɬɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɨɬɢɡɤɭɫɬɜɟɧɢɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢɫɚ
ɨɛɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɩɨɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɧɢɹɧɚɱɢɧ
BG
72
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ɈɉɂɋȺɇɂȿɇȺɋɂɆȼɈɅɂɌȿ
ȼɴɪɯɭ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɫɚ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɧɢ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɧɢ ɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ Ɍɟ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɹɬ ɜɚɠɧɚ
ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹɡɚɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɚɢɥɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɧɟɝɨɜɨɬɨɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟ
ɉɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɬɚɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɡɚɡɚɳɢɬɚɧɚɡɪɟɧɢɟɬɨ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɡɚɡɚɳɢɬɚɨɬɲɭɦɚ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɩɪɚɯɨɡɚɳɢɬɧɚɦɚɫɤɚ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚɡɚɡɚɳɢɬɚɧɚɝɥɚɜɚɬɚɩɪɢɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɨɬɩɚɞɚɳɢɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɢ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɪɴɤɚɜɢɰɢ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɨɛɭɜɤɢ
ȼɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɈɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ
ɉɚɡɟɬɟɫɟɨɬɨɬɫɤɨɤɉɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɞɪɴɠɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɡɞɪɚɜɨɫɞɜɟɪɴɰɟ
ɍɜɟɪɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɟɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɧɚɁɚɞɚɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟ
ɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɡɚɞ
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ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
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ƒɆɚɤɫɨɬɞɚɜɚɧɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɧɚɜɚɥɚ
ƒȾɴɥɠɢɧɚɧɚɜɪɹɡɜɚɧɟ
ƒɋɬɴɩɤɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ƒɒɢɪɢɧɚɧɚɜɨɞɟɳɨɬɨɡɜɟɧɨ
ƒɋɤɨɪɨɫɬɧɚɩɪɚɡɟɧɯɨɞ
ƒɋɤɨɪɨɫɬɩɪɢɦɚɤɫɦɨɳɧɨɫɬ
ƒȼɦɟɫɬɢɦɨɫɬɧɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɝɨɪɢɜɨ
ƒɄɨɧɫɭɦɚɰɢɹɧɚɝɨɪɢɜɨ
ƒȼɦɟɫɬɢɦɨɫɬɧɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɦɚɫɥɨ
ƒȺɧɬɢɜɢɛɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ
ƒȼɟɪɢɠɧɨɡɴɛɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ƒɋɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ƒɋɴɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɥ
ƒȺɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɨɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ƒȼɟɪɢɝɚɫɧɢɫɴɤɨɬɫɤɨɤɬɢɩ
ƒȼɨɞɟɳɚɲɢɧɚɬɢɩ
ƒɋɪɟɞɧɨɫɩɢɪɚɱɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɩɪɢɦɚɤɫɫɤɨɪɨɫɬ
ƒɌɟɝɥɨɛɟɡɲɢɧɚɢɜɟɪɢɝɚ
ƒɌɟɝɥɨ
ƒɇɢɜɨɧɚɡɜɭɤɨɜɨɧɚɥɹɝɚɧɟ
ƒɇɢɜɨɧɚɡɜɭɤɨɜɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬ
ƒȽɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɚɧɨɧɢɜɨɧɚɡɜɭɤɨɜɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬ
ƒɄɨɪɢɝɢɪɚɧɚɫɬɨɣɧɨɫɬɧɚɭɫɤɨɪɟɧɢɟɬɨ
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ȐȖȐȓȞȖȔțȖȠȞȖȜțȖ
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ɪɢɫɤɚ ɨɬ ɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɢ ɬɪɚɜɦɢ ɢɢɥɢ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɚ
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ɰɢɢɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢ
ɝɢɡɚɩɚɡɟɬɟɡɚɩɨɧɚɬɚɬɴɲɧɚɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚ
ɇɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟ ɫ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹ ɬɪɢɨɧ ɫɚɦɨ ɫ
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ɧɚɱɟɧɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɞɜɟɪɴɰɟ
ɇɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟ ɫ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹ ɬɪɢɨɧ ɚɤɨ ɫɬɟ
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ɧɚɥɢɞɪɟɯɢɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɪɴɤɚɜɢɰɢɢɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
ɡɚɡɚɳɢɬɚɧɚɨɱɢɬɟɫɥɭɯɚɢɝɥɚɜɚɬɚ
Ȼɴɞɟɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɥɢɜɢ ɤɨɝɚɬɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɬɟ
ɝɨɪɢɜɨ ɉɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɩɭɫɧɟɬɟ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚɫɬɟɫɟɨɬɞɚɥɟɱɢɥɢɩɨɧɟɧɚɦɟɬɪɚɨɬ
ɦɹɫɬɨɬɨɧɚɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ
ɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɩɪɢɫɴɫɬɜɢɟɬɨɧɚɫɬɪɚɧɢɱɧɢ
ɥɢɰɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɩɭɫɤɚɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɢɥɢɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟ
ɫ ɧɟɝɨ ȼ ɨɛɫɟɝɚ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɧɚ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɧɟ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɢɦɚɯɨɪɚɢɥɢɠɢɜɨɬɧɢ
ɇɟ ɡɚɩɨɱɜɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɩɪɟɞɢ
ɞɚ ɫɬɟ ɨɫɢɝɭɪɢɥɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɚ ɩɥɨɳɚɞɤɚ ɛɟɡ
ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɹɧɟɫɬɟɡɚɟɥɢɫɬɚɛɢɥɧɚɩɨɡɚ
ɢɞɨɤɚɬɨɧɟɫɬɟɩɥɚɧɢɪɚɥɢɩɴɬɹɡɚɢɡɬɟɝ
ɥɹɧɟɨɬɡɨɧɚɬɚɧɚɩɚɞɚɧɟɧɚɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬ ɪɚɛɨɬɢ ɩɚɡɟɬɟ ɜɫɢɱɤɢ
ɱɚɫɬɢɧɚɬɹɥɨɬɨɫɢɞɚɥɟɱɟɨɬɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɉɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɩɭɫɧɟɬɟ ɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɫɟ ɭɛɟɞɟɬɟ
ɱɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɧɟɫɟɞɨɤɨɫɜɚɞɨɧɢɳɨ
ɉɪɟɧɚɫɹɣɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɫɚɦɨɫɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɞɜɢ
ɝɚɬɟɥɫɨɛɴɪɧɚɬɚɧɚɡɚɞɲɢɧɚɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɫ
ɲɭɦɨɡɚɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɹɧɚɫɬɪɚɧɚɨɬɬɹɥɨɬɨ
ɇɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɟɬɟ ɫ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧ ɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ
ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧ ɢɥɢ ɧɟ ɧɚɩɴɥɧɨ ɢ ɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨ
ɫɝɥɨɛɟɧ ɜɟɪɢɠɟɧ ɬɪɢɨɧ ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟ ɫɟ ɱɟ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɫɩɢɪɚɞɚɫɟɞɜɢɠɢɤɨɝɚɬɨɨɫɜɨ
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ɛɨɞɢɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɝɚɡɬɚ
ɉɪɟɞɢɞɚɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɬɪɹɛ
ɜɚɜɢɧɚɝɢɞɚɢɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
Ȼɴɞɟɬɟɨɫɨɛɟɧɨɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɥɢɜɢɩɪɢɤɚɫɬɪɟ
ɧɟ ɧɚ ɯɪɚɫɬɢ ɢ ɮɢɞɚɧɤɢ ɬɴɣ ɤɚɬɨ ɠɢɥɚ
ɜɢɬɟɢɦɤɥɨɧɤɢɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɟɡɚɯɜɚɧɚɬɜɴɜ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɢ ɞɚ ɜɢ ɭɞɚɪɹɬ ɢɥɢ ɞɚ ɧɚɪɭɲɚɬ
ɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɫɢɟɬɨɜɢ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɪɟɠɟɬɟɤɥɨɧɤɨɣɬɨɟɩɨɞɥɨɠɟɧɧɚ
ɜɴɧɲɧɨɧɚɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɧɟɩɚɡɟɬɟɫɟɨɬɨɬɩɪɭ
ɠɢɧɢɪɚɳ ɭɞɚɪ ɫɥɟɞ ɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɹɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɧɚ
ɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɧɟɬɨ
ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɢɬɟɫɭɯɢɱɢɫɬɢɢ
ɧɟɨɦɚɫɥɟɧɢ
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ɨɧɚ ɨɫɜɟɧ ɢɡɛɪɨɟɧɢɬɟ ɬɭɤ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹ ɡɚ
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ɥɢ ɧɚ ɫɟɪɜɢɡ ɡɚ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɢ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɢ ɬɪɢ
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ɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟɤɚɥɴɮɚɜɴɪɯɭɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɬɪɢɨɧɚɜɛɥɢɡɨɫɬ
ɞɨ ɥɟɫɧɨɜɴɡɩɥɚɦɟɧɢɦɢ ɬɟɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɥɢ ɝɚ
ɡɨɜɟ ɧɢɬɨ ɜ ɡɚɤɪɢɬɢ ɩɨɦɟɳɟɧɢɹ ɧɢɬɨ ɧɚ
ɨɬɤɪɢɬɨȼɩɪɨɬɢɜɟɧɫɥɭɱɚɣɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɨɫ
ɥɟɞɜɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɡɢɹɢɢɥɢɩɨɠɚɪ
ɇɟɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɣɬɟɫɝɨɪɢɜɨɦɚɫɥɨɢɥɢɫɦɚɡ
ɤɚɞɨɤɚɬɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬɧɚɬɪɢɨɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɢ
ɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɧɚ
ɧɟɩɴɥɧɨɥɟɬɧɢɌɨɜɚɧɟɫɟɨɬɧɚɫɹɡɚɥɢɰɚ
ɧɚɞɝɨɞɢɧɢɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɨɛɭɱɟɧɢɟɩɨɞ
ɪɴɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɬɨɧɚɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɫɬ
ɉɪɟɞɢ ɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɫɪɟɡ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɟɬɟ
ɞɚɥɢ ɜ ɞɴɪɜɟɫɢɧɚɬɚ ɧɹɦɚ ɜɴɧɲɧɢ ɬɟɥɚ
ɤɥɢɧɨɜɟɝɜɨɡɞɟɢɤɚɦɴɧɢɢɞɪ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɩɨ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚ
ɱɟɧɢɟɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɫɚɦɨɡɚɪɹɡɚɧɟ
ɧɚɞɴɪɜɟɫɢɧɚɇɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɡɚ
ɰɟɥɢɡɚɤɨɢɬɨɧɟɟɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɇɚɩɪɢ
ɦɟɪɧɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɡɚɪɹɡɚɧɟɧɚ
ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɚɡɢɞɚɪɢɹɢɥɢɞɪɭɝɢɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢ
ɤɨɢɬɨ ɧɟ ɫɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬ ɜ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɫɬɜɨɬɨ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺɌɨɜɚɞɨɩɴɥɧɟɧɢɟɟɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚ
ɱɟɧɨɝɥɚɜɧɨɡɚɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɹɢɥɢɡɚɬɟɡɢɤɨɢɬɨ
ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɬɨɡɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɬɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɜɪɟ
ɦɟɌɨɡɢɬɪɢɨɧɟɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɡɚɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɟɥ
ɧɨ ɪɹɞɤɚ ɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚ ɨɬ ɩɪɢɬɟɠɚɬɟɥɢ ɧɚ ɤɴɳɢ
ɜɢɥɢɢɥɚɝɟɪɭɜɚɳɢɡɚɰɟɥɢɫɨɛɳɨɩɪɟɞɧɚɡ
ɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɤɚɬɨɨɬɫɢɱɚɧɟɧɚɞɴɪɜɟɬɚɤɚɫɬɪɟɧɟ
ɪɹɡɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɚ ɡɚ ɨɝɪɟɜ ɢ ɩɪ ȼɴɩɪɟɤɢ ɱɟ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 75
ɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬ ɬɪɢɨɧ ɟ ɫɧɚɛɞɟɧ ɫ ɚɧɬɢɜɢɛɪɚɰɢ
ɨɧɧɚɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɩɪɟɤɨɦɟɪɧɨɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚ
ɧɟɩɪɟɤɴɫɧɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɧɟɝɨɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɢɱɢɧɢ
ɫɦɭɳɟɧɢɹɜɤɪɴɜɨɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɢɟɬɨɧɚɪɴɰɟɬɟɧɚ
ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚɩɨɪɨɞɟɧɨɨɬɜɢɛɪɚɰɢɢɬɟ
ɉɊȿȾɉȺɁɇɂɆȿɊɄɂɋɊȿɓɍɈɌɋɄɈɄ
Ɉɬɫɤɨɤɫɟɩɨɥɭɱɚɜɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɩɪɟɞɧɚɬɚɱɚɫɬɢɥɢ
ɜɴɪɯɴɬ ɧɚ ɜɨɞɟɳɚɬɚ ɲɢɧɚ ɞɨɤɨɫɧɟ ɧɹɤɚɤɴɜ
ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɢɥɢɤɨɝɚɬɨɞɴɪɜɨɬɨɩɪɢɬɢɫɧɟɢɡɚɤɥɢ
ɧɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɜɧɚɩɪɚɜɟɧɢɹɫɪɟɡɉɪɢɞɨɩɢɪɚɧɟ
ɫɜɴɪɯɚɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɫɥɟɞɜɚɦɢɝɧɨɜɟɧɨɛɪɚɬɟɧ
ɭɞɚɪɩɪɢɤɨɣɬɨɲɢɧɚɬɚɨɬɫɤɚɱɚɧɚɝɨɪɟɢɧɚ
ɡɚɞɤɴɦɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚɉɪɢɬɢɫɤɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɜɝɨɪɧɚɬɚɱɚɫɬɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɦɨɠɟɛɴɪɡɨɞɚɢɡ
ɬɥɚɫɤɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɤɴɦɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚȼɫɟɤɢɟɞɢɧɨɬ
ɬɟɡɢɨɛɪɚɬɧɢɭɞɚɪɢɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɬɚɧɟɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɞɚ
ɡɚɝɭɛɢɬɟ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚ ɤɨɟɬɨ
ɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚɇɟ
ɪɚɡɱɢɬɚɣɬɟɫɚɦɨɧɚɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɧɢɬɟɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ
ɜɝɪɚɞɟɧɢ ɜ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ Ʉɚɬɨ ɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥ ɧɚ ɬɨɡɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɟɦɟɬɟ ɧɹɤɨɢ
ɦɟɪɤɢɡɚɞɚɧɚɦɚɥɢɬɟɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɬɚɨɬɡɥɨɩɨ
ɥɭɤɚɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɋɥɟɞɤɚɬɨɫɟɡɚɩɨɡɧɚɯɬɟɫɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɚɧɚ
ɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ ɜɟɱɟ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɞɚ ɟɥɢɦɢɧɢɪɚɬɟ
ɟɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɢɡɧɟɧɚɞɚɤɨɣɬɨɱɟɫɬɨɟɩɪɢɱɢ
ɧɚɡɚɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɬɪɢɨɧɪɚɛɨɬɢɝɨɞɪɴɠɬɟ
ɡɞɪɚɜɨɫɞɜɟɪɴɰɟɞɹɫɧɚɬɚɪɴɤɚɩɨɫɬɚɜɟ
ɧɚɧɚɡɚɞɧɚɬɚɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚɚɥɹɜɚɬɚɪɴɤɚ
ɧɚɩɪɟɞɧɚɬɚɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚɉɚɥɰɢɬɟɢɩɪɴ
ɫɬɢɬɟɧɚɪɴɰɟɬɟɜɢɬɪɹɛɜɚɡɞɪɚɜɨɞɚɨɛ
ɯɜɚɳɚɬɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɢɬɟɧɚɬɪɢɨɧɚɁɞɪɚɜɨɬɨ
ɯɜɚɳɚɧɟɫɩɨɦɚɝɚɡɚɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɬɫɤɨ
ɤɚɢɡɚɡɚɩɚɡɜɚɧɟɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɚɜɴɪɯɭɬɪɢɨɧɚ
ɇɟɢɡɩɭɫɤɚɣɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚ
ɉɪɟɞɢ ɡɚɩɨɱɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫɟ ɭɛɟɞɟɬɟ
ɱɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɚɬɚ ɩɥɨɳɚɞɤɚ ɧɹɦɚ ɩɪɟɩɹɬ
ɫɬɜɢɹ ɇɟ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɝɨɪɧɚɬɚ ɱɚɫɬ ɧɚ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɞɚ ɞɨɤɨɫɧɟ ɩɴɧ ɤɥɨɧ ɢɥɢ ɤɚɤɜɨ
ɬɨɢɞɚɛɢɥɨɞɪɭɝɨɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɟɤɨɟɬɨɛɢ
ɦɨɝɥɨɞɚɛɴɞɟɭɞɚɪɟɧɨɞɨɤɚɬɨɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟɫ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚ
Ɋɟɠɟɬɟ ɫ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɩɪɢ ɜɢɫɨɤɚ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬ ɧɚ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɇɟɫɟɩɪɟɫɹɝɚɣɬɟɢɧɟɪɟɠɟɬɟɧɚɞɜɢɫɨɱɢ
ɧɚɧɚɪɚɦɟɧɟɬɟ
ɋɩɚɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɚɧɢɬɟ ɨɬ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢ
ɬɟɥɹɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɡɚɡɚɬɨɱɜɚɧɟɢɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɫɚɦɨ ɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɧɢ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɧɢ
ɲɢɧɢɢɜɟɪɢɝɢɩɨɫɨɱɟɧɢɨɬɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟ
ɥɹɢɥɢɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɨɣɧɢɧɚɬɹɯ
75
BG
ɝ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺȼɟɪɢɝɚɫɧɢɫɴɤɨɬɫɤɨɤɟɜɟɪɢɝɚ
ɤɨɹɬɨɨɬɝɨɜɚɪɹɧɚɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɬɚɡɚɨɬɫɤɨɤ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿȾɂɌȿɅɇȺɌȺȻȿɅɄȺɁȺɈɌɋɄɈɄɎɂȽ
ɈɋɈȻȿɇɈȼȺɀɇɈɁȺȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌɌȺ
ɉɈɉɈȾɊɈȻɇɈɁȺɈɌɋɄɈɄȺ
ȼɴɪɯɭ ɥɨɫɬɚ ɡɚ ɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɧɢɹɳɢɬɟɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɧɚɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɞɢɬɟɥ
ɧɚɬɚɛɟɥɤɚɉɪɟɞɢɞɚɩɪɢɫɬɴɩɢɬɟɤɴɦɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɫɦɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɫɟɡɚɩɨɡɧɚɣɬɟɜɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɨɫɬɚɡɢ
ɬɚɛɟɥɤɚɤɚɤɬɨɢɫɢɡɛɪɨɟɧɢɬɟɬɭɤɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
ɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ
ɐɜɟɬɨɜɚɬɚɦɚɪɤɢɪɨɜɤɚɧɚɫɢɦɜɨɥɢɬɟɨɡɧɚɱɚ
ɜɚɫɥɟɞɧɨɬɨ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɈɬɫɤɨɤɴɬɩɪɟ
ɞɢɡɜɢɤɜɚ ɨɩɚɫɧɚ ɡɚɝɭɛɚ ɧɚ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥ ɧɚɞ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɢ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɢ ɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚ ɢɥɢ
ɞɨɪɢ ɫɦɴɪɬɨɧɨɫɧɚ ɬɪɚɜɦɚ ɧɚ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ɢɥɢ ɧɚ ɧɹɤɨɣ ɛɥɢɡɤɨɫɬɨɹɳ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɛɴɞɟɬɟ
ɧɚɳɪɟɤɈɬɫɤɨɤɴɬɫɴɫɡɚɜɴɪɬɚɧɟɢɨɬɫɤɨɤɴɬ
ɨɬ ɡɚɤɥɢɧɜɚɧɟ ɫɚ ɝɥɚɜɧɢɬɟ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɬɪɢɨɧɢɢɨɫɧɨɜɧɚɬɚɩɪɢ
ɱɢɧɚɡɚɩɨɜɟɱɟɬɨɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɢ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɑȿɊȼȿɇɈ
ɉɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɚɜɚɞɚɧɟɫɟɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɟɛɟɡ
ɨɩɚɫɧɚɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɹ
ɁȿɅȿɇɈ ɉɊȿɉɈɊɔɑȼȺɋȿ
ɉɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɢɬɟɥɧɚɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɚɡɚɪɹɡɚɧɟ
Ɏɢɝ 1A
ɉȺɁȿɌȿɋȿɈɌ
ɈɌɋɄɈɄɋɔɋ
ɁȺȼɔɊɌȺɇȿ
Ɏɢɝ$
$ Ɍɪɚɟɤɬɨɪɢɹɧɚ
ɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ
% Ɂɨɧɚɧɚɡɚɞɟɣɫɬ
ɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ
Ɏɢɝ 1B
ȼɔɁȾȿɃɋɌȼɂə
ɉɊɂɈɌɋɄɈɄɈɌ
ɁȺɄɅɂɇȼȺɇȿ
Ɏɢɝ%
$ ɂɡɞɴɪɩɜɚɧɟ
% Ɍɜɴɪɞɢɨɛɟɤɬɢ
& ɂɡɛɭɬɜɚɧɟ
ɈɌɋɄɈɄɜɴɡɧɢɤɜɚɤɨɝɚɬɨȽɈɊɇȺɌȺɑȺɋɌɢɥɢ
ȼɔɊɏɔɌɇȺɒɂɇȺɌȺɞɨɤɨɫɧɟɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɢɥɢ
ɤɨɝɚɬɨɫɪɟɡɴɬɜɞɴɪɜɨɬɨɫɟɡɚɬɜɨɪɢɢɡɚɤɥɢɧɢ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɑɟɥɧɢɹɬ ɞɨɩɢɪ ɫ ɜɴɪɯɚ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ
ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɫɜɟɬɤɚɜɢɱɧɚɨɛɪɚɬɧɚɪɟɚɤɰɢɹɩɪɢ
ɤɨɹɬɨɲɢɧɚɬɚɨɬɫɤɚɱɚɧɚɝɨɪɟɢɧɚɡɚɞɤɴɦɨɩɟ
ɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ɁȺɄɅɂɇȼȺɇȿɌɈ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɜ ȾɈɅɇȺɌȺ
ɑȺɋɌɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɂɁȾɔɊɉȼȺɧɚɜɴɧɬɪɢɨɧɚɨɬ
ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ɁȺɄɅɂɇȼȺɇȿɌɈ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɜ ȽɈɊɇȺɌȺ
ɑȺɋɌ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɂɁȻɍɌȼȺ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ
ɤɴɦɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ȼɫɹɤɨɟɞɧɨɨɬɬɟɡɢɜɴɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɟ
ɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɡɚɝɭɛɚ ɧɚ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɢ
ɦɨɠɟɞɚɩɪɢɱɢɧɢɫɟɪɢɨɡɧɚɬɪɚɜɦɚ
BG
76
tv 5545-cs2.indd 76
Ɏɢɝ 2
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ
ɉɚɡɟɬɟɫɟɨɬɨɬɫɤɨɤ
ɇɟɫɟɨɩɢɬɜɚɣɬɟɞɚɞɴɪɠɢɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɫɟɞɧɚ
ɪɴɤɚ
ɂɡɛɹɝɜɚɣɬɟɱɟɥɟɧɞɨɩɢɪɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɉɊȿɉɈɊɔɄȺ
Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɡɞɪɚɜɨɫɞɜɟɪɴɰɟ
,9ǵȎȝȜȕțȎȐȎțȓȟ
ȐȓȞȖȔțȖȭȠȞȖȜț
ȼɨɞɟɳɚɲɢɧɚ
ȼɟɪɢɝɚ
ȼɢɧɬɡɚɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɂɫɤɪɨɜɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
Ʌɨɫɬɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɉɪɟɞɩɚɡɟɧɳɢɬ
ɉɪɟɞɧɚɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚ
Ⱦɪɴɠɤɚɧɚɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚ
Ɂɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɫɜɟɳ
Ʉɚɩɚɤɧɚɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪ
ɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɋɌɈɉ
Ʌɨɫɬɧɚɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɹɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱ
Ʉɚɩɚɱɤɚɧɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɦɚɫɥɨ
Ʉɚɩɚɤɧɚɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚ
Ʉɚɩɚɱɤɚɧɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɝɨɪɢɜɨ
Ɂɚɞɧɚɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚ
Ȼɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɚɧɚɥɨɫɬɚɡɚɝɚɡɬɚ
Ʌɨɫɬɧɚɫɦɭɤɚɱɚ
TV 5545
ɝ
Ƚɚɣɤɢɡɚɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
Ʌɨɫɬɡɚɝɚɡɬɚ
ɏɜɚɳɚɱɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
Ʉɚɩɚɤɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
Ɂɴɛɧɚɨɩɨɪɚ
Ʉɚɥɴɮ
ɆȿɊɄɂɁȺɉɈȾɈȻɊəȼȺɇȿɇȺ
ȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌɌȺ
ɑɢɫɥɚɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɯɨɠɞɚɳɢ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹɬɚ ɨɬɝɨɜɚ
ɪɹɬɧɚɧɨɦɟɪɚɰɢɹɬɚɧɚɨɫɧɨɜɧɢɬɟɟɥɟɦɟɧɬɢ
ɡɚɭɥɟɫɧɟɧɢɟɩɪɢɬɴɪɫɟɧɟ
ȼɟɪɢɝɚɫɧɢɫɴɤɨɬɫɤɨɤɫɩɨɦɚɝɚɡɚɱɭɜɫɬ
ɜɢɬɟɥɧɨ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɨɬɫɤɨɤɚ ɢɥɢ ɧɟ
ɝɨɜɚɬɚ ɫɢɥɚ ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɨ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɚɧɢɬɟɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɢɧɚɞɴɥɛɨɱɢ
ɧɚɢɛɭɮɟɪɧɢɡɜɟɧɚ
ɂɫɤɪɨɜ ɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ ɡɚɞɴɪɠɚ ɜɴɝɥɟɪɨɞɧɢ
ɬɟɢɞɪɭɝɢɝɨɪɢɦɢɱɚɫɬɢɰɢɫɪɚɡɦɟɪɧɚɞ
PPɨɬɩɨɬɨɤɚɧɚɨɬɪɚɛɨɬɟɧɢɝɚɡɨɜɟ
Ʌɨɫɬɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɟɧɳɢɬɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɜɚɥɹɜɚɬɚɪɴɤɚɧɚɨɩɟ
ɪɚɬɨɪɚɚɤɨɫɟɢɡɩɥɴɡɧɟɨɬɩɪɟɞɧɚɬɚɪɴɤɨ
ɜɚɬɤɚɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɋɩɢɪɚɱɤɚ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɟ ɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɚ ɞɚ
ɧɚɦɚɥɢɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɫɬɬɚɨɬɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚɩɨɪɚɞɢ
ɨɬɫɤɨɤɤɚɬɨɫɩɢɪɚɞɜɢɠɟɳɚɬɚɫɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɡɚ
ɦɢɥɢɫɟɤɭɧɞɢɌɹɫɟɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɨɬɥɨɫɬ
ɉɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɋɌɈɉɩɪɢɩɪɟɦɟɫɬɜɚɧɟɫɩɢɪɚ
ɦɢɝɧɨɜɟɧɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɁɚɩɭɫɤɚɧɟɢɥɢɩɨɜ
ɬɨɪɧɨ ɩɭɫɤɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɜɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɉɍɋɄ
Ʌɨɫɬɧɚɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɹɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚ
ɬɹɜɚ ɫɥɭɱɚɣɧɨ ɭɫɤɨɪɹɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
Ʌɨɫɬɴɬɡɚɝɚɡɬɚɧɟɦɨɠɟɞɚɛɴɞɟɧɚɬɢ
ɫɧɚɬ ɞɨɤɚɬɨ ɟ ɧɚɬɢɫɧɚɬɚ ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɤɚɬɚ ɡɚ
ɝɚɡɬɚ
ɏɜɚɳɚɱɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ
ɬɚɨɬɬɪɚɜɦɚɜɫɥɭɱɚɣɧɚɫɤɴɫɜɚɧɟɢɥɢɢɡ
ɥɢɡɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɨɬ ɤɚɧɚɥɚ ɏɜɚɳɚɱɴɬ
ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɟ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧ ɞɚ ɡɚɥɨɜɢ
ɩɥɸɳɹɳɚɜɟɪɢɝɚ
Ɂɴɛɧɚ ɨɩɨɪɚ ɟ ɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɞɜɢ
ɞɟɧɨ ɞɚ ɨɫɢɝɭɪɢ ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ ɢ ɭɞɨɛɫɬɜɨ
ɩɪɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ Ɂɴɛɧɚɬɚ ɨɩɨɪɚ ɩɨɜɢɲɚɜɚ ɭɫ
ɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɢɡ
ɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɬɢɤɚɥɧɢɫɪɟɡɨɜɟ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺɊɚɡɭɱɟɬɟɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɨɫɜɨɹɜɟɪɢ
ɠɟɧ ɬɪɢɨɧ ɢ ɫɟ ɡɚɩɨɡɧɚɣɬɟ ɨɛɫɬɨɣɧɨ ɫ ɧɟɝɨ
ɜɢɬɟɱɚɫɬɢ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 77
9ȁȘȎȕȎțȖȭȕȎȚȜțȠȎȔ
ɉɊɂɇȺȾɅȿɀɇɈɋɌɂɁȺɆɈɇɌȺɀ
ɉɪɢɫɝɥɨɛɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɳɟɢɦɚɬɟ
ɧɭɠɞɚɨɬɫɥɟɞɧɨɬɨ
Ʉɨɦɛɢɧɢɪɚɧɝɚɟɱɟɧɤɥɸɱɨɬɜɟɪɬɤɚɜɤɥɸ
ɱɟɧɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹɬɚ
Ɋɴɤɚɜɢɰɢɡɚɬɟɠɤɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɞɨɫɬɚɜɹɬɫɟɨɬ
ɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɹ
ɂɁɂɋɄȼȺɇɂəɁȺɆɈɇɌȺɀȺ
ɉɪɟɞɢɩɴɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɧɨɩɭɫɤɚɧɟɜɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
ɧɚɧɨɜɢɹɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɦɨɧɬɚɠ
ɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɫɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚɝɨɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫɢɩɴɥ
ɧɟɧɟɧɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɦɚɫɥɨ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɟ ɩɭɫɤɚɣɬɟ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚɞɨɤɚɬɨɧɟɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɩɨɞɝɨɬɜɟɧ
ɉɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟ ɞɨɤɪɚɣ ɰɹɥɚɬɚ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ ɡɚ
ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɫɟɨɩɢɬɚɬɟɞɚɪɚɛɨ
ɬɢɬɟɫɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɈɛɴɪɧɟɬɟɨɫɨɛɟɧɨ
ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟɧɚɜɫɢɱɤɢɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫ
ɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
Ɍɚɡɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ ɡɚ ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ ɟ ɟɞɧɨ
ɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨ ɫɩɪɚɜɨɱɧɨ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɟ ɢ ɪɴɤɨɜɨɞ
ɫɬɜɨ ɡɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɤɨɢɬɨ ɨɫɢɝɭɪɹɜɚɬ ɨɛɳɚ
ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɡɚ ɦɨɧɬɚɠɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚɬɚ ɢ ɩɨɞ
ɞɪɴɠɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧ
ɆɈɇɌȺɀɇȺȼɈȾȿɓȺɌȺɒɂɇȺȼȿɊɂȽȺɌȺɄȺɉȺɄȺɇȺɋɔȿȾɂɇɂɌȿɅə
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɨɫɟɬɟɩɪɟɞ
ɩɚɡɧɢ ɪɴɤɚɜɢɰɢ ɜɢɧɚɝɢ ɤɨɝɚɬɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɢɬɟ ɫ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɫɚɦɨɨɪɢ
ɝɢɧɚɥɧɚɬɚɜɨɞɟɳɚɲɢɧɚɫɨɬɜɨɪɚɡɚɩɪɨɩɭɫ
ɤɚɧɟɧɚɦɚɫɥɨ$ɡɚɞɚɨɫɢɝɭɪɢɬɟɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ
ɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɎɢɝ$.
ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟ ɫɟ ɱɟ ɥɨɫɬɴɬ ɧɚ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɟɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɧɧɚɡɚɞɢɟɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɧ
Ɏɢɝ%.
Ɉɬɫɬɪɚɧɟɬɟ ɞɜɟɬɟ ɝɚɣɤɢ % ɡɚɤɪɟɩɜɚɳɢ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚɋɜɚɥɟɬɟɤɚɩɚɤɚ&ɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ
ɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɎɢɝ&.
ɋɩɨɦɨɳɬɚɧɚɨɬɜɟɪɬɤɚɡɚɜɴɪɬɟɬɟɪɟɝɭɥɢ
ɪɚɳɢɹ ɜɢɧɬ ' ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɧɚ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚ
ɬɚ ɫɬɪɟɥɤɚ ɞɨɤɚɬɨ ɜɨɞɟɳɢɹɬ ɟɥɟɦɟɧɬ (
ɢɡɥɢɡɚɳɢɹɬɧɚɜɴɧɡɴɛɫɬɢɝɧɟɞɨɤɪɚɹɧɚ
77
BG
ɝ
ɩɴɬɹ ɫɢ ɤɴɦ ɛɚɪɚɛɚɧɚ ɧɚ ɫɴɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɢ
ɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨɡɴɛɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨɎɢɝ'.
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɤɪɚɹɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɫɩɪɨɰɟɩɚɜɴɪɯɭ
ɞɜɚɬɚɛɨɥɬɚɡɚɡɚɤɪɟɩɜɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ)
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɬɚɤɚ ɱɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɳɢɹɬ
ɡɴɛ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɧɚɦɟɫɬɢ ɜ ɞɨɥɧɢɹ ɨɬɜɨɪ * ɧɚ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚɎɢɝ(.
Ɋɚɡɫɬɟɥɟɬɟ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɜ ɤɪɴɝ ɫ ɪɟɠɟɳɢɬɟ
ɪɴɛɨɜɟ$ɫɨɱɟɳɢɜɩɨɫɨɤɚɧɚɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨ
ɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɩɨɩɟɪɢɮɟɪɢɹɬɚɎɢɝ).
Ɏɢɝ 3A
ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɬɚɤɚɤɚɤɬɨɟɩɨɤɚ
ɡɚɧɨɧɚɎɢɝ/.
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɤɚɩɚɤɚɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚ
ɬɚɍɛɟɞɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɧɟɫɟɢɡɯɥɭɡɜɚ
ɨɬ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɞɜɟɬɟ ɝɚɣɤɢ ɡɚɬɟɝ
ɧɟɬɟɝɢɧɚɪɴɤɚɢɩɨɧɚɬɚɬɴɤɫɩɚɡɜɚɣɬɟɢɧ
ɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɬɟɡɚɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɬɨ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ ɇɚ ɬɨɡɢ ɟɬɚɩ ɞɜɟɬɟ ɝɚɣɤɢ ɡɚ
ɞɴɪɠɚɳɢɲɢɧɚɬɚɫɟɡɚɬɹɝɚɬɫɚɦɨɧɚɪɴɤɚɬɟ
ɫɟ ɡɚɬɹɝɚɬ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɧɨ ɫɥɟɞ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟ ɧɚ
ɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɬɨ
Ɏɢɝ 3B
Ɏɢɝ 3G
Ɏɢɝ 3C
Ɏɢɝ 3H
Ɏɢɝ 3D
Ɏɢɝ 3J
Ɏɢɝ 3K
Ɏɢɝ 3L
ɊȿȽɍɅɂɊȺɇȿɇȺɈȻɌəȽȺɇȿɌɈ
ɇȺȼȿɊɂȽȺɌȺ
Ɏɢɝ 3E
Ɏɢɝ 3F
ɇɚɯɥɭɡɟɬɟ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɨɤɨɥɨ ɜɨɞɟɳɨɬɨ ɜɟ
ɪɢɠɧɨɬɨ ɤɨɥɟɥɨ - ɡɚɞ ɫɴɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɥɹ .
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɟɬɟ ɞɚɥɢ ɡɜɟɧɚɬɚ ɫɚ ɞɨɛɪɟ ɩɨɫɬɚ
ɜɟɧɢ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɡɴɛɢɬɟ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨ ɤɨɥɟɥɨ
Ɏɢɝ*.
ȼɤɚɪɚɣɬɟɡɜɟɧɚɬɚɜɤɚɧɚɥɚ/ɩɨɩɟɪɢɮɟ
ɪɢɹɬɚɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɎɢɝ*.
ȼɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɳɟ ɟ ɨɛɬɟɝɧɚɬɚ ɡɚɬɨɜɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚ ɡɚɜɴɪɬɢɬɟ ɧɚ ɪɴɤɚ ɫɴɟɞɢɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɬɚɤɚ
ɱɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɞɚɡɚɰɟɩɢɫɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨɡɴɛɧɨ
ɤɨɥɟɥɨɎɢɝ+.
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɟɬɟɞɚɥɢɜɨɞɟɳɢɹɬɟɥɟɦɟɧɬ(ɫɟ
ɧɚɦɢɪɚɜɨɬɜɨɪɚɡɚɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
Ɏɢɝ-.
ȼɡɟɦɟɬɟ ɨɬ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹɬɚ ɜɴɧɲɧɢɹ ɜɨ
ɞɚɱɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ0ɢɝɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɬɚɤɚɱɟ
ɨɝɴɧɚɬɢɬɟ ɦɭ ɤɪɚɢɳɚ ɝɨɪɟɧ ɢ ɞɨɥɟɧ ɞɚ
ɫɨɱɚɬɧɚɜɴɧɨɬɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɎɢɝ..
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɡɴɛɧɚɬɚɨɩɨɪɚɜɴɪɯɭɤɚɩɚɤɚɧɚ
BG
78
tv 5545-cs2.indd 78
ɉɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨ ɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɟ ɨɬ ɢɡ
ɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɧɚ ɜɚɠɧɨɫɬ ɡɚɬɨɜɚ ɫɴɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɤɚɤɬɨɩɪɟɞɢ
ɡɚɩɨɱɜɚɧɟɬɚɤɚɢɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
Ɉɬɞɟɥɟɬɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɬɨɜɪɟɦɟɡɚɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟ
ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɩɨɜɢɲɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥ
ɧɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɬɪɢɨɧɚɢɧɟɝɨɜɚɬɚɞɴɥɝɨɬɪɚɣɧɨɫɬ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɇɨɜɚɬɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚ ɛɴɪɡɨ
ɩɪɨɜɢɫɜɚ ɢ ɫɟ ɧɚɥɚɝɚ ɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟ ɫɥɟɞ ɢɡ
ɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɟɧɚɫɪɟɡɚɌɨɜɚɟɧɟɳɨɨɛɢɤɧɨ
ɜɟɧɨɡɚɧɨɜɢɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɢɢɫɜɪɟɦɟɬɨɢɧɬɟɪɜɚ
ɥɴɬɦɟɠɞɭɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɢɹɬɚɛɴɪɡɨɧɚɪɚɫɬɜɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿȼɢɧɚɝɢɧɨɫɟɬɟɪɴɤɚɜɢ
ɰɢɡɚɬɟɠɤɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɩɢɩɚɬɟɢɥɢɨɛɬɹ
ɝɚɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
Ⱥɤɨ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɟ ɩɪɟɤɚɥɟɧɨ ɩɪɨɜɢɫɧɚɥɚ ɢɥɢ
ɬɜɴɪɞɟ ɨɛɬɟɝɧɚɬɚ ɡɴɛɧɨɬɨ ɤɨɥɟɥɨ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɢɤɨɥɹɧɨɜɢɹɜɚɥɳɟɫɟɢɡɧɨɫɹɬɦɧɨ
TV 5545
ɝ
ɝɨɩɨɛɴɪɡɨɊɚɡɝɥɟɞɚɣɬɟ Ɏɢɝ$ɧɚɤɨɹɬɨ
ɟɢɥɸɫɬɪɢɪɚɧɨɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɩɪɢɫɬɭ
ɞɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚ$ɬɨɩɥɚɜɟɪɢɝɚ%ɤɚɤɬɨɢɩɪɢ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɤɨɹɬɨɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɪɟ
ɝɭɥɢɪɚ&
Ɏɢɝ 4B
ɆȿɏȺɇɂɑɇɈɂɁɉɂɌȼȺɇȿɇȺ
ɋɉɂɊȺɑɄȺɌȺɇȺȼȿɊɂȽȺɌȺ
Ɏɢɝ 4A
Ɋɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟɜɴɪɯɚɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɨɛɴɪɧɚɬɧɚɝɨɪɟɢ
ɡɚɜɴɪɬɟɬɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɳɢɹɜɢɧɬ'ɩɨɩɨɫɨɤɚ
ɧɚ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚ ɫɬɪɟɥɤɚ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢ
ɬɟ ɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ Ɂɚɜɴɪɬɚɧɟɬɨ
ɧɚ ɜɢɧɬ ' ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɧɚ ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚ
ɫɬɪɟɥɤɚ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚ ɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚ
ɬɚɍɜɟɪɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɟɩɪɢɛɪɚɧɚɩɨ
ɰɹɥɚɬɚ ɩɟɪɢɮɟɪɢɹ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ Ɏɢɝ %.
ɋɥɟɞ ɤɚɬɨ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɚ ɢ ɞɨ
ɤɚɬɨ ɨɳɟ ɞɴɪɠɢɬɟ ɜɴɪɯɚ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɝɨɪɟ ɡɚɬɟɝɧɟɬɟ ɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨ ɝɚɣɤɢɬɟ ɡɚ
ɤɪɟɩɜɚɳɢ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ȼɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɫɟ ɫɱɢɬɚ
ɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨ ɨɛɬɟɝɧɚɬɚ ɚɤɨ ɧɟ ɟ ɩɪɨɜɢɫɧɚɥɚ
ɢ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɩɪɢɞɜɢɠɜɚ ɛɟɡ ɭɫɢɥɢɟ ɩɨ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɫ ɪɴɤɚ ɨɛɥɟɱɟɧɚ ɜ ɪɴɤɚɜɢɰɚ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ Ⱥɤɨ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɫɟ ɩɪɢɞɜɢɠɜɚ
ɬɪɭɞɧɨɜɴɪɯɭɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɥɢɚɤɨɫɩɢɪɚɬɨɜɚɨɡ
ɧɚɱɚɜɚɱɟɟɛɢɥɨɩɪɢɥɨɠɟɧɨɩɪɟɤɨɦɟɪɧɨɨɛ
ɬɹɝɚɧɟȼɬɚɤɴɜɫɥɭɱɚɣɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɢɡɜɴɪɲɢ
ɫɥɟɞɧɨɬɨ
$Ɋɚɡɯɥɚɛɟɬɟɥɟɤɨɞɜɟɬɟɝɚɣɤɢɡɚɡɚɤɪɟɩɜɚ
ɧɟ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɇɚɦɚɥɟɬɟ ɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɬɨ ɤɚɬɨ
ɡɚɜɴɪɬɢɬɟɛɚɜɧɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɳɢɹɜɢɧɬɨɛɪɚ
ɬɧɨɧɚɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɉɪɢɞɜɢɠɟ
ɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɧɚɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɚɞɩɨɲɢɧɚɬɚɉɪɨ
ɞɴɥɠɟɬɟ ɞɚ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɬɟ ɞɨɬɨɝɚɜɚ ɞɨɤɚɬɨ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɞɚɫɟɜɴɪɬɢɫɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɧɨ
ɟɩɪɢɛɪɚɧɚɤɴɦɲɢɧɚɬɚɍɜɟɥɢɱɟɬɟɨɛɬɹɝɚ
ɧɟɬɨɤɚɬɨɡɚɜɴɪɬɢɬɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɳɢɹɜɢɧɬɩɨ
ɩɨɫɨɤɚɧɚɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚ
%ɋɥɟɞɤɚɬɨɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɨɛɬɟɝɧɚɬɚ
ɡɚɞɴɪɠɚɣɤɢɲɢɧɚɬɚɫɜɴɪɯɚɧɚɝɨɪɟɡɚɬɟɝ
ɧɟɬɟ ɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨ ɞɜɟɬɟ ɝɚɣɤɢ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɜɚɳɢ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ȼɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɬɪɢɨɧɟɫɧɚɛɞɟɧɫɴɫɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɤɨɹɬɨ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚ ɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɫɬɬɚ ɨɬ
ɡɥɨɩɨɥɭɤɚ ɩɨɪɚɞɢ ɨɬɫɤɨɤ ɋɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɫɟ ɡɚ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɚ ɚɤɨ ɫɟ ɩɪɢɥɨɠɢ ɧɚɬɢɫɤ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɥɨɫɬɚ
ɧɚ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɤɨɝɚɬɨ ɩɪɢ ɨɬɫɤɨɤ ɪɴɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ ɭɞɚɪɢ ɥɨɫɬɚ ɧɚ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ Ʉɨɝɚ
ɬɨ ɫɟ ɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɪɹɡɤɨ
ɫɩɢɪɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɉɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚ
ɱɟɧɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɟ ɞɚ
ɧɚɦɚɥɢ ɜɟɪɨɹɬɧɨɫɬɬɚ ɨɬ ɬɪɚɜɦɚ ɩɨɪɚɞɢ
ɨɬɫɤɨɤ ɧɨ ɬɹ ɧɟ ɨɫɢɝɭɪɹɜɚ ɡɚɦɢɫɥɟɧɚɬɚ
ɫɬɟɩɟɧ ɧɚ ɡɚɳɢɬɚ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɣ ɧɚ ɧɟɛɪɟɠɧɚ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ
ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɤɚɤɬɨ ɢ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɧɨ ɩɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ
Ɂɚɞɚɩɪɨɜɟɪɢɬɟɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɋɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɧɟɟɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɞɜɢɠɢɤɨɝɚɬɨɥɨɫɬɴɬ
ɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɟɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɧɧɚɡɚɞɢɡɚɫɬɨɩɨ
ɪɟɧɎɢɝ$.
ɋɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɟ ɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɟɫɩɪɹɥɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɥɨɫɬɴɬɧɚɫɩɢ
ɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɟɧɚɩɪɟɞɇɟɛɢɬɪɹɛɜɚɥɨɞɚɦɨ
ɠɟɬɟɞɚɩɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɎɢɝ%.
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ Ʌɨɫɬɴɬ ɧɚ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɡɚɫɬɨɩɨɪɹɜɚ ɢ ɜ ɞɜɟɬɟ ɩɨɥɨ
ɠɟɧɢɹȺɤɨɫɟɭɫɟɳɚɫɴɩɪɨɬɢɜɥɟɧɢɟɩɪɢɩɪɟ
ɦɟɫɬɜɚɧɟɢɥɢɥɨɫɬɴɬɧɟɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɩɪɢɞɜɢɠɢ
ɜɧɹɤɨɟɨɬɞɜɟɬɟɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɧɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ
ɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧȼɟɞɧɚɝɚɝɨɡɚɧɟɫɟɬɟɜɨɬɨɪɢ
ɡɢɪɚɧɢɹɫɟɪɜɢɡɧɚ63$5.<ɡɚɪɟɦɨɧɬ
Ɏɢɝ 5A
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 79
Ɏɢɝ 5B
79
BG
ɝ
9,DZȜȞȖȐțȎȟȚȓȟȖ
ȟȚȎȕȐȎțȓ
ȽɈɊɂȼɇȺɋɆȿɋ
Ɂɚ ɩɨɫɬɢɝɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɧɚɣɞɨɛɪɢ ɪɟɡɭɥɬɚɬɢ ɢɡ
ɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɛɟɡɨɥɨɜɟɧɛɟɧɡɢɧɫɴɫɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɨ
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɫɦɟɫɟɧ ɫɴɫ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɨ ɬɚɤɬɨɜɨ
ɦɚɫɥɨ ɦɚɪɤɚ 63$5.< ɜ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɹ ɂɡ
ɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɩɨɫɨɱɟɧɢɬɟɜɌɚɛɥɢɰɚɬɚɡɚɩɪɢɝɨɬ
ɜɹɧɟɧɚɝɨɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɢɡɚɫɦɟɫɜɚɧɟ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ
ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɫ ɱɢɫɬ ɛɟɧɡɢɧ Ɍɨɜɚ
ɳɟɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɬɪɚɣɧɚɩɨɜɪɟɞɚɧɚɞɜɢɝɚɬɟ
ɥɹɢɚɧɭɥɢɪɚɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɹɬɚɧɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ
ɡɚɬɨɜɚɢɡɞɟɥɢɟɇɢɤɨɝɚɧɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɝɨ
ɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫɤɨɹɬɨɟɫɴɯɪɚɧɹɜɚɧɚɩɨɜɟɱɟɨɬ
ɞɧɢ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ȼ ɫɥɭɱɚɣ ɱɟ
ɫɟ ɧɚɥɚɝɚ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɬɚɤɬɨɜɨ ɫɦɚ
ɡɨɱɧɨ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɤɨɟɬɨ ɧɟ ɟ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɨ ɩɪɨ
ɢɡɜɟɠɞɚɧɨɬɨ ɦɚɫɥɨ 63$5.< ɬɨ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚ ɛɴɞɟ ɜɢɫɨɤɨɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɨ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɡɚ ɬɚ
ɤɬɨɜɢ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɢ ɫ ɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɨ ɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɧɟ
ɫɦɟɫɟɧɨ ɜ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɹ ɇɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣ
ɬɟ ɬɚɤɬɨɜɢ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɢ ɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɢ ɫ ɩɪɟɩɨ
ɪɴɱɢɬɟɥɧɚ ɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɫɦɟɫɜɚɧɟ Ⱥɤɨ ɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɬɚ ɡɚ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɚ ɧɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɟ
ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨ ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ ɬɨɜɚ ɚɧɭɥɢɪɚ ɝɚ
ɪɚɧɰɢɹɬɚ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹ ɡɚ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɉɊɂȽɈɌȼəɇȿɇȺȽɈɊɂȼɇȺɋɆȿɋ
ɋɦɟɫɟɬɟɝɨɪɢɜɨɬɨɫɬɚɤɬɨɜɨɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɦɚɫɥɨ
ɦɚɪɤɚ63$5.<ɜɭɡɚɤɨɧɟɧɡɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɫɴɞ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɌɚɛɥɢɰɚɬɚɡɚɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɹɧɟɧɚɝɨɪɢɜ
ɧɚɫɦɟɫɡɚɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɧɟɧɚɩɪɨɩɨɪ
ɰɢɹɬɚɛɟɧɡɢɧɤɴɦɦɚɫɥɨ
Ɋɚɡɬɴɪɫɟɬɟ ɫɴɞɚ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɩɨɫɬɢɝɧɟɬɟ ɩɴɥɧɨ ɪɚɡ
ɦɟɫɜɚɧɟ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ Ʌɢɩɫɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɚɧɭɥɢɪɚ ɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɹɬɚ ɡɚ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
BG
80
tv 5545-cs2.indd 80
ɋɦɟɫɨɬɛɟɧɡɢɧɢɫɦɚ
ɡɨɱɧɨɦɚɫɥɨ
ɋɚɦɨɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ
ɦɚɫɥɨ
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚɡɚɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɹɧɟɧɚɝɨɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫ
Ȼɟɧɡɢɧ
ɋɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɦɚɫɥɨ63$5.<
ɥɢɬɪɢ
ɥɢɬɪɢ
cm3
1
25
2
50
3
75
5
125
10
250
ɉɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɹɧɚ
ɱɚɫɬɢɛɟɧɡɢɧɤɴɦ
ɫɦɟɫɜɚɧɟ
ɱɚɫɬɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɦɚɫɥɨ
ɉɊȿɉɈɊɔɄɂɁȺȽɈɊɂȼɈɌɈ
ɇɹɤɨɢ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɢ ɦɚɪɤɢ ɛɟɧɡɢɧ ɫɟ ɫɦɟɫɜɚɬ ɫ
ɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɢ ɤɚɬɨ ɚɥɤɨɯɨɥ ɢɥɢ ɫɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ
ɟɬɟɪɚɡɚɞɚɨɬɝɨɜɚɪɹɬɧɚɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɬɚɡɚɱɢɫ
ɬɨɬɚɧɚɜɴɡɞɭɯɚ
Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬɧɚɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧ63$5.<ɟɩɪɨɟɤ
ɬɢɪɚɧɞɚɪɚɛɨɬɢɫɜɫɹɤɚɤɴɜɛɟɧɡɢɧɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚ
ɱɟɧɡɚɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɧɟɧɚɚɜɬɨɦɨɛɢɥɢɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɧɨ
ɢɬɚɤɴɜɫɦɟɫɟɧɫɨɤɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɢ
ɋɆȺɁȼȺɇȿɇȺȼȿɊɂȽȺɌȺɂɒɂɇȺɌȺ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɡɚɪɟɠɞɚɬɟ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ ɡɚ ɝɨɪɢɜɨ ɜɢ
ɧɚɝɢ ɞɨɩɴɥɜɚɣɬɟ ɢ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ ɡɚ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɡɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɁɚɬɚɡɢɰɟɥɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚɦɟɭɩɨɬɪɟ
ɛɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ ɦɚɫɥɨ 63$5.< ɤɨɟɬɨ ɫɴ
ɞɴɪɠɚ ɞɨɛɚɜɤɢ ɡɚ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɬɪɢɟɧɟɬɨ
ɢɢɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟɬɨɤɚɤɬɨɢɫɪɟɳɭɧɚɬɪɭɩɜɚɧɟɧɚ
ɫɦɨɥɚɜɴɪɯɭɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
9,,ȁȘȎȕȎțȖȭȕȎȞȎȏȜȠȎ
ɉɊȿȾɉɍɋɄɈȼȺɉɊɈȼȿɊɄȺɇȺ
ȾȼɂȽȺɌȿɅə
Ɂɚɪɟɞɟɬɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɝɨɪɢɜɨ$ɫɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɧɚɬɚɝɨɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫɎɢɝ.
ɇɚɩɴɥɧɟɬɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɦɚɫɥɨ%ɫɩɪɚ
ɜɢɥɧɨ ɩɨɞɛɪɚɧɚɬɚ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ ɡɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɢ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚɎɢɝ.
ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ&
ɟ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɧɚ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ ɩɭɫɧɟɬɟ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ
Ɏɢɝ.
TV 5545
ɝ
ɉɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟɠɴɥɬɢɹɥɨɫɬɧɚɫɦɭɤɚɱɚ)ɜ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɂɁɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ Ɏɢɝ .
Ⱥɤɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬɧɟɡɚɩɚɥɢɩɨɜɬɨɪɟɬɟɝɨɪ
ɧɢɬɟɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ
C
C
B
A
A
Ɏɢɝ 6
B
ɉɍɋɄȺɇȿɇȺȾȼɂȽȺɌȿɅə
Ɂɚɞɚɩɭɫɧɟɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɩɥɴɡɧɟɬɟɧɚɝɨɪɟ
ɱɟɪɜɟɧɢɹɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɋɌɈɉ'Ɏɢɝ$.
ɋɦɭɤɚɱɴɬɢɦɚɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɂɁɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
$ɋɊȿȾɇɈɉɈɅɈɀȿɇɂȿ %ɢ
(C) Ɏɢɝ%.
ȼɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
ɉɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟɠɴɥɬɢɹɥɨɫɬɧɚɫɦɭɤɚɱɚ(ɜ
Ɏɢɝ&.
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟȼɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɩɴɬɢɦɟɯɱɟɬɨɧɚɩɨɦɩɚɬɚɡɚ
ɝɨɪɢɜɨ)Ɏɢɝ'.
Ɏɢɝ 7E
Ɏɢɝ 7F
A
B
C
D
Ɏɢɝ 7G
Ɏɢɝ 7F
A
B
C
A
B
C
A
Ɏɢɝ 7A
)
Ɏɢɝ 7B
A
B
C
(
Ɏɢɝ 7C
Ɏɢɝ 7K
ɉɈȼɌɈɊɇɈɉɍɋɄȺɇȿɇȺ
ɌɈɉɔɅȾȼɂȽȺɌȿɅ
)
Ɏɢɝ 7D
ɉɨɞɚɣɬɟɝɚɡɧɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɢɡɚɞɪɴɠɬɟɛɭɬɨɧ
$ɩɪɢɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɝɚɡɬɚ%ɨɫɜɨɛɨ
ɞɟɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɚɫɥɟɞɬɨɜɚɢɛɭɬɨɧɚɎɢɝ(.
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɧɚ ɬɜɴɪɞɚ ɢ ɪɚɜɧɚ ɩɨ
ɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬ Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɡɞɪɚɜɨ ɤɚɤɬɨ
ɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨ ɂɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟ ɪɹɡɤɨ ɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚ ɩɴɬɢ ɉɚɡɟɬɟ ɫɟ ɨɬ ɞɜɢɠɟɳɚɬɚ ɫɟ ɜɟɪɢɝɚ
Ɏɢɝ).
ɉɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟɠɴɥɬɢɹɥɨɫɬɧɚɫɦɭɤɚɱɚ'ɜ
Ɏɢɝ*.
ɫɪɟɞɧɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
Ʉɚɬɨ ɞɴɪɠɢɬɟ ɡɞɪɚɜɨ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟ
ɪɹɡɤɨɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚɩɴɬɢȾɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚɡɚɩɚɥɢɎɢɝ+.
ɂɡɱɚɤɚɣɬɟ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɞɚ ɡɚɝɪɟɟ ɡɚ ɫɟ
ɤɭɧɞɢ ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟ ɢ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɬɟ ɥɨɫɬ (
ɡɚɉɊȺɁȿɇɏɈȾɢɩɪɟɦɢɧɟɬɟɤɴɦɫɬɴɩɤɚ
Ɏɢɝ-.
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 81
Ɏɢɝ 7J
ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɴɬɟɜɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ɉɍɋɄ(I).
ɉɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟ ɥɨɫɬɚ ɧɚ ɫɦɭɤɚɱɚ ɜ ɋɊȿȾɇɈ
ɉɈɅɈɀȿɇɂȿ
ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɩɴɬɢɦɟɯɱɟɬɨɧɚɩɨɦɩɚɬɚɡɚ
ɝɨɪɢɜɨ
ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɛɥɨɤɢɪɚɳɢɹɛɭɬɨɧɧɚɝɚɡɬɚ
ɂɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟɪɹɡɤɨɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚɩɴɬɢȾɜɢɝɚ
ɬɟɥɹɬɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɡɚɩɚɥɢ
ɉɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɫɦɭɤɚɱɚɜɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ɂɁɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɬɟɛɥɨɤɢɪɚɳɢɹɛɭɬɨɧɧɚɝɚɡɬɚ
ɋɉɂɊȺɇȿɇȺȾȼɂȽȺɌȿɅə
Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɬɟ ɥɨɫɬɚ ɢ ɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɞɚɜɴɡɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɩɪɚɡɟɧɯɨɞ
Ɂɚɞɚɫɩɪɟɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɩɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟɧɚɞɨ
ɥɭɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɋɌɈɉɈ.
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ Ɂɚ ɚɜɚɪɢɣɧɨ ɫɩɢɪɚɧɟ ɩɪɨɫɬɨ
ɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɣɬɟ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɢ ɩɪɟ
ɦɟɫɬɟɬɟɧɚɞɨɥɭɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚɋɌɈɉɈ
81
BG
ɝ
ɎɍɇɄɐɂɈɇȺɅɇɈɂɁɉɂɌȼȺɇȿɇȺ
ɋɉɂɊȺɑɄȺɌȺɇȺȼȿɊɂȽȺɌȺ
ɋɆȺɁȼȺɇȿɇȺȼȿɊɂȽȺɌȺɂɒɂɇȺɌȺ
ɉɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɧɨɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟ
ɪɢɝɚɬɚɡɚɞɚɨɫɢɝɭɪɢɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɬɚɣɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɂɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɣɬɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɧɚ ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɢ
ɜɫɹɤɨ ɡɚɩɨɱɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫɥɟɞ ɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢ
ɬɟɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɢɜɢɧɚɝɢɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɨɛɫɥɭɠɜɚɧɟ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɧɚɱɢɫɬɚɬɜɴɪɞɚɢɪɚɜ
ɧɚɩɨɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬ
ɉɭɫɧɟɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɏɜɚɧɟɬɟɡɚɞɧɚɬɚɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚ$ɫɞɹɫɧɚɬɚ
ɫɢɪɴɤɚɎɢɝ.
ɋɥɹɜɚɬɚɫɢɪɴɤɚɯɜɚɧɟɬɟɡɞɪɚɜɨɩɪɟɞɧɚɬɚ
ɪɴɤɨɯɜɚɬɤɚ%ɚɧɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ&
ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɝɚɡɬɚɞɨɨɬɯɨɞɚɦɭ
ɫɥɟɞɬɨɜɚɜɟɞɧɚɝɚɡɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɣɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚ
ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ&
ȼɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɩɪɟ ɜɟɞɧɚɝɚ Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ
ɬɨɜɚ ɫɬɚɧɟ ɜɟɞɧɚɝɚ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɬɟ ɥɨɫɬɚ ɧɚ
ɝɚɡɬɚ
Ⱥɤɨɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɚ
ɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɢɜɴɪɧɟɬɟ
ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɜɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɧɨɩɨ
ɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
C
A
B
ɉɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɟɨɬɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɨɡɧɚɱɟ
ɧɢɟɡɚɦɢɧɢɦɢɡɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɬɪɢɟɧɟɬɨɫɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɇɢɤɨɝɚ ɧɟ ɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɢ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɛɟɡ
ɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨ ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ Ɋɚɛɨɬɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɫ
ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɚ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢ
ɬɟɥɧɨɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɢ ɞɴɥɝɨɬɪɚɣɧɨɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɜɚɛɴɪɡɨɡɚɬɴɩɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟ
ɪɢɝɚɬɚɢɟɩɪɢɱɢɧɚɡɚɩɪɟɠɞɟɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɢɡɧɨɫ
ɜɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɩɨɪɚɞɢɩɪɟɝɪɹɜɚɧɟɉɪɢɡɧɚɤ
ɡɚɧɟɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɧɚɦɚɫɥɨɟɨɬɞɟɥɹɧɟɬɨɧɚɞɢɦ
ɨɛɟɡɰɜɟɬɹɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɥɢɧɚɬɪɭɩɜɚɧɟ
ɬɨɧɚɫɦɨɥɚ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ ɉɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɫɟɨɬɩɭɫɤɚɬɨɜɚɜɚɠɢɫɨɫɨɛɟɧɚɫɢɥɚɡɚɧɨɜɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɤɨɟɬɨɧɚɥɚɝɚɩɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɧɨɬɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚ
ɧɟɢɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɉɪɢɧɨɜɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɟ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɩɪɢɛɥɢɡɢɬɟɥɧɨɧɚɜɫɟ
ɤɢɦɢɧɭɬɢɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ȺȼɌɈɆȺɌɂɑɇɈɋɆȺɁȼȺɇȿ
ȼɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬ ɬɪɢɨɧ ɟ ɫɧɚɛɞɟɧ ɫɴɫ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɡɚ
ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɨ ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ ɤɨɹɬɨ ɧɚɛɚɜɹ ɧɟɨɛ
ɯɨɞɢɦɨɬɨ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɫɦɚɡɤɚ ɤɴɦ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɢ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɉɪɢ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɚɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ
ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɫɟɭɜɟɥɢɱɚɜɚɩɪɢɬɨɤɚɧɚɦɚɫɥɨɤɴɦ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚɉɪɢɬɨɤɴɬɧɚɦɚɫɥɨɤɴɦɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɜɟɪɢ
ɝɚɬɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦɡɚɜɴɪ
ɬɚɧɟɧɚɜɢɧɬ$ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɧɚɎɢɝɁɚɜɴɪɬɟɬɟ
ɜɢɧɬɚɩɨɩɨɫɨɤɚɧɚɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɡɚ
ɞɚ ɧɚɦɚɥɢɬɟ ɩɪɢɬɨɤɚ ɧɚ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɧɚ
ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɨɜɚɬɚɫɬɪɟɥɤɚɡɚɞɚɭɜɟɥɢɱɢɬɟɩɪɢ
ɬɨɤɚɧɚɦɚɫɥɨ
Ɏɢɝ 8
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɁɚɞɟɣɫɬɜɚɣɬɟ
ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɛɚɜɧɨɢɨɛɦɢɫɥɟɧɨȼɧɢɦɚɜɚɣ
ɬɟ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɞɚ ɧɟ ɫɟ ɞɨɤɨɫɜɚ ɞɨ ɧɢɳɨ ɧɟ
ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɣɬɟɧɚɜɴɪɯɚɧɚɬɪɢɨɧɚɞɚɨɬɢɞɟ
ɧɚɩɪɟɞ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ Ⱥɤɨ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɧɟɫɩɢɪɚɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɢɡɚɧɟɫɟɬɟ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚɜɧɚɣɛɥɢɡɤɢɹɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɫɟɪɜɢɡɡɚ
ɨɛɫɥɭɠɜɚɧɟɧɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ63$5.<
Ɏɢɝ 9
9,,,ǶțȟȠȞȡȘȤȖȖȕȎ
ȞȭȕȎțȓȟȠȞȖȜțȎ
ɈɌɋɂɑȺɇȿ
Ɉɬɫɢɱɚɧɟɟɬɟɪɦɢɧɴɬɡɚɨɬɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɢɩɨɜɚɥɹ
ɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨ Ɇɚɥɤɢ ɞɴɪɜɟɬɚ ɫ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪ ɞɨ
FPɨɛɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɨɫɟɨɬɫɢɱɚɬɫɚɦɨɫɟɞɧɨ
BG
82
tv 5545-cs2.indd 82
TV 5545
ɝ
ɫɪɹɡɜɚɧɟ ɉɨɝɨɥɟɦɢɬɟ ɞɴɪɜɟɬɚ ɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɬ
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɧɨ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɢɡɜɴɪɲɢ ɩɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟ
ɉɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɜɤɨɹɬɨɳɟ
ɩɚɞɧɟɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɚɛɟɥɟɠɟɬɟ
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɧɨɩɴɬɹɫɢɡɚɢɡɬɟɝɥɹɧɟ$ɢɝɨ
ɩɨɱɢɫɬɟɬɟɨɬɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɢɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɹɩɪɟɞɢ
ɡɚɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟɞɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɬɟɫɪɟɡɨɜɟɉɴɬɹɬ
ɡɚɢɡɬɟɝɥɹɧɟɟɜɩɨɫɨɤɚɨɛɪɚɬɧɚɧɚɨɱɚɤɜɚ
ɧɚɬɚɩɨɫɨɤɚɧɚɩɚɞɚɧɟɧɚɞɴɪɜɨɬɨɤɚɤɬɨɟ
ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨɧɚɎɢɝ.
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɉɪɢɨɬɫɢɱɚɧɟɧɚɞɴɪɜɨ
ɪɚɫɬɹɳɨɜɴɪɯɭɫɤɥɨɧɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɴɬɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚ
ɡɚɫɬɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɩɨɜɢɫɨɤɚɬɚ ɫɬɪɚɧɚ ɧɚ ɬɟɪɟɧɚ
ɬɴɣ ɤɚɬɨ ɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ ɦɨɠɟ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɩɪɟɬɴɪɤɨɥɢ
ɢɥɢɩɥɴɡɧɟɧɚɞɨɥɭɫɥɟɞɨɬɫɢɱɚɧɟ
Ɉɬɫɢɱɚɧɟɧɚɞɴɪɜɨ
Ɉɛɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɨ ɨɬɫɢɱɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨ ɫɟ ɫɴɫɬɨɢ
ɨɬ ɞɜɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɢ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɩɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟ & ɢ
ɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɟɧɚɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɧɢɹɫɪɟɡɡɚɩɨɜɚɥɹ
ɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ ' Ɂɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟ ɩɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ
& ɨɬɤɴɦ ɫɬɪɚɧɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ ɤɨɹɬɨ ɫɟ ɧɚ
ɦɢɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɟɞɜɢɞɟɧɚɬɚ ɩɨɫɨɤɚ ɧɚ ɩɚɞɚɧɟ (
ɍɛɟɞɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɩɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɟɜɥɢɡɚɬɜɴɪɞɟ
ɞɴɥɛɨɤɨ ɜ ɞɴɧɟɪɚ ɉɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ & ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚɫɟɢɡɜɴɪɲɢɬɚɤɚɱɟɞɚɨɫɬɚɧɟɧɟɨɬɪɹɡɚɧɚ
ɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨɞɟɛɟɥɚɢɡɞɪɚɜɚɱɚɫɬɨɬɞɴɧɟɪɚ
) ɉɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɟ ɫ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɚ
ɲɢɪɢɧɚ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɧɚɫɨɱɜɚ ɞɨɤɪɚɣ ɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ ɩɪɢ
ɩɨɜɚɥɹɧɟ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɫɟɪɚɡɯɨɠ
ɞɚɣɬɟɩɪɟɞɞɴɪɜɨɤɨɟɬɨɟɜɟɱɟɩɨɞɪɹɡɚɧɨ
Ɉɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɧɢɹɬɫɪɟɡ'ɫɟɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɨɬɨɛ
ɪɚɬɧɚɬɚ ɫɬɪɚɧɚ ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ ɧɚ FP ɧɚɞ
ɯɨɪɢɡɨɧɬɚɥɧɚɬɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɚ ɧɚ ɩɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɬɨ
(C) Ɏɢɝ%.
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺɉɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɩɚɞɚɧɟ%ɫɟɨɩ
ɪɟɞɟɥɹɨɬɩɨɞɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɉɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɢ
ɬɟɤɚɤɜɢɬɨɢɞɚɛɢɥɨɫɪɟɡɨɜɟɩɪɟɰɟɧɟɬɟɪɚɡ
ɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɬɨɧɚɝɨɥɟɦɢɬɟɤɥɨɧɢɰɟɧɬɴɪɚɧɚ
ɬɟɠɟɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ ɤɨɪɨɧɚɬɚ ɢ ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɤɥɨɧ
ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟ ɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɩɚɞɚɧɟ
Ɏɢɝ 10B
Ɏɢɝ 10A
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ
ɨɬɫɢɱɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨ ɩɪɢ ɧɚɥɢɱɢɟ ɧɚ ɫɢɥɟɧ
ɢɥɢ ɩɪɨɦɟɧɥɢɜ ɜɹɬɴɪ ɢɥɢ ɚɤɨ ɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɚ
ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɡɚɩɨɜɪɟɞɚɧɚɢɦɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɉɨɫɴ
ɜɟɬɜɚɣɬɟ ɫɟ ɫ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɢɨɧɚɥɢɫɬ ɞɴɪɜɨɫɟ
ɤɚɱ ɇɟ ɫɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ ɨɬɫɢɱɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɴɪɜɨ ɚɤɨ
ɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɚ ɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ ɨɬ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɚ ɧɚ ɟɥɟɤ
ɬɪɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɍɜɟɞɨɦɟɬɟɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɧɨɤɨɦ
ɩɚɧɢɹɬɚ ɡɚ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɡɚɯɪɚɧɜɚɧɟ ɩɪɟɞɢ ɞɚ
ɨɬɫɟɱɟɬɟɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 83
ɇɢɤɨɝɚ ɧɟ ɫɪɹɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɞɴɧɟɪɚ ɞɨɤɪɚɣ ȼɢɧɚɝɢ
ɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɬɟ ɧɟɨɬɪɹɡɚɧɚ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨ ɞɟɛɟɥɚ ɢ
ɡɞɪɚɜɚ ɱɚɫɬ ɨɬ ɞɴɧɟɪɚ ) Ɍɚɡɢ ɧɟɨɬɪɹɡɚɧɚ
ɱɚɫɬ ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɹɜɚ ɩɪɟɠɞɟɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɬɨ ɩɚ
ɞɚɧɟɧɚɞɴɪɜɨɬɨɢɝɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɹɜɚɩɪɢɩɚɞɚɧɟ
Ⱥɤɨɩɪɟɪɟɠɟɬɟɞɴɧɟɪɚɞɨɤɪɚɣɫɟɝɭɛɢɤɨɧɬɪɨɥ
ɜɴɪɯɭɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɩɚɞɚɧɟ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɜɫɪɟɡɚɤɥɢɧɢɥɢɥɨɫɬɩɪɟɞɢɞɴɪ
ɜɨɬɨɞɚɫɬɚɧɟɧɟɫɬɚɛɢɥɧɨɢɞɚɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɞɚɫɟ
ɞɜɢɠɢɌɚɤɚɳɟɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɟɡɚɤɥɢɧɜɚɧɟɧɚ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚɜɫɪɟɡɚɚɤɨɫɬɟɩɪɟɰɟɧɢɥɢɩɨɝɪɟɲɧɨ
ɩɨɫɨɤɚɬɚɧɚɩɚɞɚɧɟɉɪɟɞɢɞɚɩɨɜɚɥɢɬɟɞɴɪ
ɜɨɬɨɫɟɭɜɟɪɟɬɟɱɟɜɡɨɧɚɬɚɧɚɩɚɞɚɧɟɧɚɞɴɪ
ɜɨɬɨɧɹɦɚɫɬɪɚɧɢɱɧɢɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɬɟɥɢ
83
BG
ɝ
ɇȺɉɊȿɑɇɈɊəɁȺɇȿ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿȼɢɧɚɝɢɩɪɟɞɢ
ɞɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɢɬɟɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɧɢɹɫɪɟɡɩɪɨɜɟɪɹ
ɜɚɣɬɟ ɨɳɟ ɜɟɞɧɴɠ ɞɚɥɢ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɚɬɚ ɡɨɧɚ
ɧɹɦɚɫɬɪɚɧɢɱɧɢɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɬɟɥɢɠɢɜɨɬɧɢɢɥɢ
ɩɪɟɩɹɬɫɬɜɢɹ
Ɉɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɟɧɫɪɟɡ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟ ɞɴɪɜɟɧɢ ɢɥɢ ɩɥɚɫɬɦɚɫɨɜɢ
ɤɥɢɧɨɜɟ * ɡɚ ɞɚ ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɟ ɡɚɤɥɢɧ
ɜɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɥɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ+ɜɫɪɟɡɚ
Ʉɥɢɧɨɜɟɬɟɫɴɳɨɬɚɤɚɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɜɚɬɩɨɜɚɥɹ
ɧɟɬɨɎɢɝ&.
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪɴɬ ɧɚ ɞɴɧɟɪɚ ɟ ɩɨɝɨɥɹɦ
ɨɬɞɴɥɠɢɧɚɬɚɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɫɟɩɪɚɜɹɬɫɪɟ
ɡɚɤɚɤɬɨɟɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɨɧɚɎɢɝ'.
Ɏɢɝ 10C
Ɏɢɝ 10E
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɉɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ ɧɚ
ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɧɢɹ ɫɪɟɡ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɢɛɥɢɠɚɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɞɨ ɧɟɨɬɪɹɡɚɧɚɬɚ ɱɚɫɬ ɧɚ ɞɴɧɟɪɚ
ɞɴɪɜɨɬɨ ɳɟ ɡɚɩɨɱɧɟ ɞɚ ɩɚɞɚ Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɞɴɪ
ɜɨɬɨɡɚɩɨɱɧɟɞɚɩɚɞɚɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɟɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɨɬ
ɫɪɟɡɚ ɫɩɪɟɬɟ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ ɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ
ɧɚɡɟɦɹɬɚɢɧɚɩɭɫɧɟɬɟɡɨɧɚɬɚɩɨɧɚɛɟɥɹɡɚ
ɧɢɹɩɴɬɡɚɢɡɬɟɝɥɹɧɟɎɢɝ$.
ɄȺɋɌɊȿɇȿɇȺɄɅɈɇɂ
Ʉɚɫɬɪɟɧɟɬɨɧɚɤɥɨɧɢɟɨɛɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɤɥɨɧɢɬɟ
ɧɚɜɟɱɟɩɨɜɚɥɟɧɨɞɴɪɜɨɇɟɨɬɪɹɡɜɚɣɬɟɤɥɨ
ɧɢɬɟ ɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɳɢ ɞɴɧɟɪɚ ɫɪɟɳɭ ɩɪɟɬɴɪɤɚ
ɥɹɧɟ$ɞɨɤɚɬɨɧɟɧɚɪɟɠɟɬɟɞɴɧɟɪɚɧɚɩɪɟɱ
ɧɨɎɢɝ.
ɇɚɩɪɟɱɧɨɬɨɪɹɡɚɧɟɫɟɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɚɩɪɟɱɧɨɧɚ
ɞɴɪɜɟɫɧɢɬɟɜɥɚɤɧɚɉɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɚɧɚɤɥɨɧɟɧ
ɬɟɪɟɧɫɟɭɜɟɪɟɬɟɱɟɫɬɟɡɚɟɥɢɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɩɨ
ɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɱɟ ɫɬɟ ɡɚɫɬɚɧɚɥɢ ɨɬ ɩɨɜɢɫɨɤɚɬɚ
ɫɬɪɚɧɚɧɚɫɤɥɨɧɚɫɩɪɹɦɨɞɴɧɟɪɚɀɟɥɚɬɟɥɧɨ
ɟɞɴɧɟɪɴɬɞɚɟɩɨɞɩɪɹɧɧɚɨɩɨɪɢɬɚɤɚɱɟɩɨɞ
ɥɟɠɚɳɢɹɧɚɨɬɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɤɪɚɣɞɚɧɟɥɟɠɢɧɚɡɟ
ɦɹɬɚȺɤɨɞɴɧɟɪɴɬɟɩɨɞɩɪɹɧɜɞɜɚɬɚɫɢɤɪɚɹɢ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɪɟɠɟɬɟɜɫɪɟɞɚɬɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɟɬɟɫɪɟɡ
ɧɚɞɨɥɭɞɨɩɨɥɨɜɢɧɚɬɚɧɚɞɴɧɟɪɚɢɞɨɜɴɪɲɟ
ɬɟɫɪɹɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɨɬɞɨɥɭɌɚɤɚɳɟɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɢɬɟ
ɡɚɤɥɢɧɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɢ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɜ ɞɴɧɟɪɚ
ȼɧɢɦɚɜɚɣɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɞɚɧɟɫɟɜɪɟɠɟɜɡɟɦɹ
ɬɚɬɴɣɤɚɬɨɬɨɜɚɳɟɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚɛɴɪɡɨɡɚɬɴ
ɩɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɪɟɠɟɬɟɧɚɩɪɟɱɧɨɜɴɪɯɭɫɤɥɨɧɜɢɧɚɝɢ
ɡɚɫɬɚɜɚɣɬɟɨɬɝɨɪɧɚɬɚɫɬɪɚɧɚ
ɉɪɢɞɴɧɟɪɩɨɞɩɪɹɧɩɨɰɹɥɚɬɚɦɭɞɴɥɠɢ
ɧɚ ɜɪɟɠɟɬɟ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɨɬɝɨɪɟ ɧɚɞɨɥɭ ɤɚɬɨ
ɜɧɢɦɚɜɚɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɞɚɧɟɫɟɜɪɟɠɟɜɡɟɦɹ
ɬɚɎɢɝ$.
ɉɪɢ ɞɴɧɟɪ ɩɨɞɩɪɹɧ ɫɚɦɨ ɜ ɟɞɢɧɢɹ ɤɪɚɣ
ɩɴɪɜɨɧɚɩɪɚɜɟɬɟɫɪɟɡɨɬɞɨɥɭɞɨɨɬɞɢɚ
ɦɟɬɴɪɚɧɚɞɴɧɟɪɚɡɚɞɚɢɡɛɟɝɧɟɬɟɪɚɡɰɟɩ
ɜɚɧɟɋɥɟɞɬɨɜɚɡɚɜɴɪɲɟɬɟɫɪɟɡɚɨɬɝɨɪɟ
ɬɚɤɚɱɟɞɚɫɟɫɪɟɳɧɟɫɩɴɪɜɢɹɫɪɟɡɢɞɚɫɟ
ɢɡɛɟɝɧɟɡɚɤɥɢɧɜɚɧɟɎɢɝ%.
ɉɪɢɞɴɧɟɪɩɨɞɩɪɹɧɜɞɜɚɬɚɦɭɤɪɚɹɩɴɪɜɨ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɟɬɟɫɪɟɡɨɬɝɨɪɟɞɨɨɬɞɢɚɦɟɬɴɪɚ
ɧɚ ɞɴɧɟɪɚ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɢɡɛɟɝɧɟɬɟ ɪɚɡɰɟɩɜɚɧɟ
ɋɥɟɞ ɬɨɜɚ ɡɚɜɴɪɲɟɬɟ ɫɪɟɡɚ ɨɬɞɨɥɭ ɬɚɤɚ
ɱɟɞɚɫɟɫɪɟɳɧɟɫɩɴɪɜɢɹɫɪɟɡɢɞɚɫɟɢɡ
ɛɟɝɧɟɡɚɤɥɢɧɜɚɧɟɎɢɝ&.
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺɉɪɢɧɚɩɪɟɱɧɨɪɹɡɚɧɟɧɚɣɩɨɞ
ɯɨɞɹɳɢɹɬ ɧɚɱɢɧ ɡɚ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɞɴɧɟɪ ɟ
ɜɴɪɯɭɩɨɫɬɚɜɤɚɡɚɪɹɡɚɧɟɧɚɞɴɪɜɚɦɚɝɚɪɟ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɬɨɜɚ ɧɟ ɟ ɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨ ɞɴɧɟɪɴɬ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚ ɫɟ ɩɨɜɞɢɝɧɟ ɢ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɢ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɩɚɪɱɟɬɚ ɨɬ
ɤɥɨɧɢɢɥɢɬɪɭɩɢɌɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɭɜɟɪɢɬɟɱɟɞɴ
ɧɟɪɴɬɟɧɚɞɟɠɞɧɨɡɚɤɪɟɩɟɧ
BG
84
tv 5545-cs2.indd 84
ɞ
Ⱦ
Ʉɥɨɧɢɬɟɩɨɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɧɚɜɴɧɲɧɨɧɚɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɧɟ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɪɟɠɚɬɨɬɞɨɥɭɧɚɝɨɪɟɡɚɞɚɫɟɢɡ
ɛɟɝɧɟɡɚɤɥɢɧɜɚɧɟɧɚɬɪɢɨɧɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ
ɤɚɫɬɪɟɧɟɬɨɧɚɤɥɨɧɢɚɤɨɫɬɟɫɬɴɩɢɥɢɜɴɪɯɭ
ɞɴɧɟɪɚ
$
Ɏɢɝ 11
Ɏɢɝ 12A
Ɏɢɝ 12B
Ɏɢɝ 12C
TV 5545
ɝ
ɊəɁȺɇȿɇȺȾɔɊȼȺȼɔɊɏɍ
ɉɈɋɌȺȼɄȺɆȺȽȺɊȿ
ɉɪɢɧɚɩɪɟɱɧɨɪɹɡɚɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ
ɧɚɬɹɥɨɬɨɟɨɬɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɡɚɥɢɱɧɚɬɚ
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɢɡɚɥɟɤɨɬɚɬɚɩɪɢɪɚɛɨɬɚɎɢɝ.
ɋɯɟɦɚɧɚɞɟɣɧɨɫɬɢɬɟɩɨ
ɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ
ȿɅȿɆȿɇɌ
ȾȿɃɇɈɋɌ
10
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
Ɂɚɬɹɝɚɧɟ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɢɥɢ
ɩɨɞɦɹɧɚ
ɉɨɞɦɹɧɚ
D
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟ
Ɋɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟ
ɉɨɞɦɹɧɚ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
D
Ʉɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɢɧɚ
ɫɩɢɪɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
$Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟɬɪɢɨɧɚɡɞɪɚɜɨɫɞɜɟɬɟɫɢɪɴɰɟɨɬ
ɞɹɫɧɨɧɚɬɹɥɨɬɨɫɢɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɪɹɡɚɧɟ
%Ⱦɪɴɠɬɟɥɹɜɚɬɚɫɢɪɴɤɚɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨɧɚɣɢɡ
ɩɪɚɜɟɧɚ
&ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɜɧɨɜɟɫɢɟ ɜɴɪɯɭ ɞɜɚɬɚ ɫɢ
ɤɪɚɤɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿȼɨɜɪɟɦɹɪɟɡɤɢɩɢɥɨɣ
ȼɵɞɨɥɠɧɵɛɵɬɶɭɜɟɪɟɧɵɜɬɨɦɱɬɨɰɟɩɶɢ
ɲɢɧɚɫɦɚɡɵɜɚɸɬɫɹɯɨɪɨɲɨ
,;ǽȜȒȒȞȨȔȘȎ
Ɉɛɫɥɭɠɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹ ɬɪɢɨɧ ɫ ɢɡɤɥɸ
ɱɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɫɩɨɦɟɧɚɬɢɬɟ ɬɭɤ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚ ɫɟ ɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚ ɨɬ ɩɪɚɜɨɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨ ɥɢɰɟ ɜ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɢɬɟɫɟɪɜɢɡɢɡɚɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɨɢɢɡ
ɜɴɧɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɨɨɛɫɥɭɠɜɚɧɟɧɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ
63$5.<
ɋɥɟɞ
ɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ
ɜɱɚɫɨɜɟ
ȼɢɧɬɨɜɟɝɚɣɤɢ
ɛɨɥɬɨɜɟ
ȼɴɡɞɭɲɟɧ
ɮɢɥɬɴɪ
Ƚɨɪɢɜɟɧɮɢɥɬɴɪ
Ɇɚɫɥɟɧɮɢɥɬɴɪ
Ɂɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚ
ɫɜɟɳ
ɂɫɤɪɨɜ
ɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
Ɇɚɪɤɭɱɢɡɚ
ɝɨɪɢɜɨ
Ɏɢɝ 13
ɋɥɟɞ
ɜɫɹɤɚ
ɭɩɨɬ
ɪɟɛɚ
20
D
D
D
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
D
ɉɨɞɦɹɧɚɩɪɢ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ
D
ɉɨɞɦɹɧɚɩɪɢ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬ
ȼɔɁȾɍɒȿɇɎɂɅɌɔɊ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚɛɟɡɜɴɡɞɭɲɟɧɮɢɥɬɴɪȼɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹ
ɳɟ ɛɴɞɚɬ ɡɚɫɦɭɤɚɧɢ ɩɪɚɯ ɢ ɩɪɴɫɬ ɢ ɳɟ ɝɨ
ɩɨɜɪɟɞɹɬ ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟ ɱɢɫɬ ɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹ
ɮɢɥɬɴɪ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪ
ɋɜɚɥɟɬɟɤɚɩɚɤɚ$ɢɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟɜɴɡɞɭɲ
ɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪ%Ɏɢɝ.
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɟɬɟɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪɂɡɦɢɣɬɟɝɨ
ɫɱɢɫɬɚɬɨɩɥɚɫɚɩɭɧɟɧɚɜɨɞɚɂɡɩɥɚɤɧɟɬɟ
ɝɨɫɱɢɫɬɚɫɬɭɞɟɧɚɜɨɞɚɂɡɫɭɲɟɬɟɧɚɩɴɥ
ɧɨɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɁɚɩɪɟɞɩɨɱɢɬɚɧɟɟɞɚɪɚɡɩɨɥɚ
ɝɚɬɟɫɪɟɡɟɪɜɧɢɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɮɢɥɬɪɢ
3Ɇɨɧɬɢɪɚɣɬɟɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪɉɨɫɬɚɜɟ
ɬɟɤɚɩɚɤɚɍɜɟɪɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɤɚɩɚɤɴɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥ
ɧɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɧɁɚɬɟɝɧɟɬɟɞɨɛɪɟɜɢɧɬɨɜɟɬɟɡɚ
ɡɚɤɪɟɩɜɚɧɟɧɚɤɚɩɚɤɚ
ɉɊɈɎɂɅȺɄɌɂɑɇȺɉɈȾȾɊɔɀɄȺ
Ⱦɨɛɪɚɬɚɩɪɨɮɢɥɚɤɬɢɱɧɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɢɪɟɞɨɜ
ɧɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɳɟ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɢ ɞɴɥɝɨɬɪɚɣɧɨɫɬɬɚ ɢ
ɩɨɞɨɛɪɢ ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɧɚ ɜɟ
ɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧ63$5.<ɉɨɞɨɥɭɫɚɢɡɛɪɨɟɧɢ
ɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɢɬɟɥɧɢɬɟɞɟɣɧɨɫɬɢɩɨɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ɇɟ ɫɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ ɩɨɞ
ɞɪɴɠɤɚ ɧɚ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɤɨɝɚɬɨ ɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬ ɟ ɝɨ
ɪɟɳɡɚɞɚɫɟɢɡɛɟɝɧɟɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɬɚɨɬɢɡɝɚɪɹ
ɧɟɧɚɪɴɰɟɬɟɢɥɢɩɪɴɫɬɢɬɟ
ȼɧɹɤɨɢɫɥɭɱɚɢɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɧɚɥɨɠɢɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚ
ɧɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɢɩɨɞɦɹɧɚɧɚɱɚɫɬɢɩɪɟɡɩɟɪɢ
ɨɞɢɩɨɤɪɚɬɤɢɨɬɩɨɫɨɱɟɧɢɬɟɬɭɤ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 85
85
BG
ɝ
ɆȺɋɅȿɇɎɂɅɌɔɊ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺɉɪɟɞɢɞɚɫɦɟɧɢɬɟɮɢɥɬɴɪɚɢɡ
ɩɪɚɡɧɟɬɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɦɚɫɥɨ
B
A
Ɏɢɝ 14
ȽɈɊɂȼȿɇɎɂɅɌɔɊ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ Ɂɚɛɪɚɧɹɜɚ ɫɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɫ ɬɪɢɨɧ ɛɟɡ ɝɨɪɢɜɟɧ ɮɢɥɬɴɪ Ɏɢɥɬɴɪɴɬ ɡɚ
ɝɨɪɢɜɨ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɫɦɟɧɹ ɫɥɟɞ ɜɫɟɤɢ ɱɚɫɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɉɪɟɞɢɞɚɩɨɱɧɟɬɟɞɚɫɦɟɧɹɬɟ
ɮɢɥɬɴɪɚɢɡɩɪɚɡɧɟɬɟɞɨɤɪɚɣɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚ
ɝɨɪɢɜɨ
Ⱦɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɣɬɟɤɚɩɚɤɚɧɚɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹɮɢɥ
ɬɴɪɢɫɜɚɥɟɬɟɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪɤɚɤɬɨɟ
ɨɩɢɫɚɧɨɜɬɨɱɤɚȼɔɁȾɍɒȿɇɎɂɅɌɔɊ
Ɉɬɤɚɱɟɬɟɦɚɪɤɭɱɚɡɚɝɨɪɢɜɨ$ɨɬɩɪɢɫɴɟ
ɞɢɧɹɜɚɧɟɬɨɤɴɦɤɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ɂɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟɮɢɥɬɴɪɚɡɚɝɨɪɢɜɨ&ɨɬɪɟ
ɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɫɴɫɡɚɤɪɢɜɟɧɨɧɚɤɪɚɹɩɚɪɱɟɬɟɥ
'ɢɥɢɫɩɥɨɫɤɢɤɥɟɳɢɫɞɴɥɝɢɱɨɜɤɢɈɬ
ɤɚɱɟɬɟɮɢɥɬɴɪɚɢɝɨɢɡɯɜɴɪɥɟɬɟ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺɇɟɢɡɬɟɝɥɹɣɬɟɞɨɤɪɚɣɦɚɪɤɭɱɚ
ɨɬɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɧɚɦɚɪɤɭɱɚɧɨɜɢɹɝɨɪɢɜɟɧɮɢɥ
ɬɴɪɢɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟɦɚɪɤɭɱɚɫɮɢɥɬɴɪɚɨɛ
ɪɚɬɧɨɜɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɬɚɤɚɱɟɮɢɥɬɴɪɴɬɞɚɟ
ɪɚɡɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɜɩɪɟɞɧɢɹɞɟɫɟɧɴɝɴɥ
ɋɜɴɪɠɟɬɟ ɨɬɧɨɜɨ ɦɚɪɤɭɱɚ ɡɚ ɝɨɪɢɜɨ $
ɤɴɦɝɚɪɧɢɬɭɪɚɬɚɧɚɤɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɚ%
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹ ɮɢɥɬɴɪ ɢ
ɤɚɩɚɤɚɎɢɝ.
Ɂɚɪɟɞɟɬɟɫɴɫɫɜɟɠɚɫɦɟɫɨɬɛɟɧɡɢɧɢɦɚɫ
ɥɨɁɚɬɜɨɪɟɬɟɤɚɩɚɱɤɚɬɚɧɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ
C
C
A
D
Ɏɢɝ 15
BG
86
tv 5545-cs2.indd 86
Ⱥ
ɂɋɄɊɈȼɊȺɁɊəȾɇɂɄɎɂȽ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ ɉɪɢ ɡɚɩɭɲɟɧ ɢɫɤɪɨɜ ɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɧɨɫɬɬɚɫɩɚɞɚɪɹɡɤɨ
ɋɜɚɥɟɬɟ ɞɜɟɬɟ ɝɚɣɤɢ $ ɡɚɤɪɟɩɜɚɳɢ ɲɭ
ɦɨɡɚɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɹ ɩɪɢɬɢɫɤɚɳɚɬɚ ɩɥɚɫɬɢɧɚ
%ɢɤɚɩɚɤɚɧɚɲɭɦɨɡɚɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɹ&
ɋɜɚɥɟɬɟɢɫɤɪɨɜɢɹɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ'ɨɬɦɟɬɚɥ
ɧɢɹ ɡɚɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥ ( ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɧɨɜɢɹ ɢɫ
ɤɪɨɜɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
ɋɝɥɨɛɟɬɟɜɨɛɪɚɬɟɧɪɟɞɱɚɫɬɢɬɟɧɚɲɭɦɨ
ɡɚɝɥɭɲɢɬɟɥɹɢɡɞɪɚɜɨɡɚɬɟɝɧɟɬɟɝɚɣɤɢɬɟ
E
D
C
B
A
Ɏɢɝ 17
ɁȺɉȺɅɂɌȿɅɇȺɋȼȿɓ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ Ɂɚ ɟɮɢɤɚɫɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ ɬɪɢɨɧɚ
ɟ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɳ ɞɚ ɫɟ
ɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɱɢɫɬɚɨɬɧɚɝɚɪɚɯɥɚɛɢɧɚɬɚɦɟɠɞɭ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɬɟɞɚɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɚ
D
B
Ɉɬɤɚɱɟɬɟɦɚɪɤɭɱɚɡɚɦɚɫɥɨ$ɨɬɝɚɪɧɢɬɭ
ɪɚɬɚɧɚɩɨɦɩɚɬɚ%
Ʉɚɬɨɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɬɟɥɫɤɭɤɚɧɚɤɪɚɹ&ɢɡ
ɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟɦɚɫɥɟɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪ'ɨɬɪɟɡɟɪɜɨ
ɚɪɚɋɜɚɥɟɬɟɢɡɰɹɥɨɮɢɥɬɴɪɚɢɦɚɪɤɭɱɚ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɩɚɪɱɟɦɚɪɤɭɱɜɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɢɝɨ
ɢɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟɩɪɟɡɨɬɜɨɪɚɡɚɩɴɥɧɟɧɟ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɧɨɜɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪɧɚɦɚɪɤɭɱɚɢɢɡ
ɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟ ɦɚɪɤɭɱɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɜ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ
ɬɚɤɚɱɟɮɢɥɬɴɪɴɬɞɚɫɟɧɚɦɢɪɚɧɚɞɴɧɨɬɨ
ɧɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ
Ɉɬɪɟɠɟɬɟɦɚɪɤɭɱɚɞɨɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɚɬɚɞɴɥ
ɠɢɧɚɢɝɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɧɚɝɚɪɧɢɬɭɪɚɬɚɧɚɦɚ
ɫɥɟɧɚɬɚɩɨɦɩɚɎɢɝ$.
A
B
Ɏɢɝ 16
ɉɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟɛɭɬɨɧɋɌɈɉɧɚɩɪɟɞ
Ɋɚɡɤɚɱɟɬɟɤɥɟɦɚɬɚɨɬɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɳ
ɤɚɬɨ ɟɞɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨ ɹ ɞɴɪɩɚɬɟ ɢ ɢɡɜɢɜɚɬɟ
Ɏɢɝ.
ɋɜɚɥɟɬɟ ɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɳ ɫɴɫ ɫɩɟɰɢ
TV 5545
ɝ
ɚɥɧɢɹɝɥɭɯɤɥɸɱɡɚɫɜɟɳɢ
ɇȿ ɂɁɉɈɅɁȼȺɃɌȿ ɇɂɄȺɄɔȼ ȾɊɍȽ ɂɇ
ɋɌɊɍɆȿɇɌ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɧɨɜɚ ɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚ ɫɜɟɳ ɫ ɪɚɡ
ɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɦɟɠɞɭɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɬɟPP
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺɋɴɯɪɚɧɹɜɚɣɬɟɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧ
ɧɚɫɭɯɨɦɹɫɬɨɞɚɥɟɱɨɬɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɢɢɡɬɨɱɧɢɰɢ
ɧɚ ɜɴɡɩɥɚɦɟɧɹɜɚɧɟ ɤɚɬɨ ɩɟɳ ɝɚɡɨɜ ɛɨɣɥɟɪ
ɝɚɡɨɜɚɫɭɲɢɥɧɹɢɞɪ
ɉɈȾȽɈɌȼəɇȿɇȺɆȺɒɂɇȺɁȺ
ɊȺȻɈɌȺɋɅȿȾɄɈɇɋȿɊȼȺɐɂə
Ɏɢɝ 18
Ɏɢɝ 19
ɊȿȽɅȺɀɇȺɄȺɊȻɍɊȺɌɈɊȺ
Ʉɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɴɬɟɮɚɛɪɢɱɧɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɡɚɨɩɬɢ
ɦɚɥɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
Ⱥɤɨɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɩɨɧɚɬɚɬɴɲɟɧɪɟɝɥɚɠɡɚɧɟ
ɫɟɬɟɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɜɧɚɣɛɥɢɡɤɢɹɨɬɨɪɢɡɢ
ɪɚɧɫɟɪɜɢɡ
ɄɈɇɋȿɊȼȺɐɂəɇȺȼȿɊɂɀɇɂəɌɊɂɈɇ
ɉɪɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬ ɨɬ ɫɴɯɪɚɧɹɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɜɟ
ɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɡɚɩɨɜɟɱɟɨɬɞɧɢɫɟɧɚɥɚɝɚ
ɤɨɧɫɟɪɜɚɰɢɹ Ⱥɤɨ ɧɟ ɫɟ ɫɩɚɡɹɬ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɬɟ
ɡɚ ɤɨɧɫɟɪɜɚɰɢɹ ɨɫɬɚɜɚɳɨɬɨ ɜ ɤɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɚ
ɝɨɪɢɜɨ ɳɟ ɫɟ ɢɡɩɚɪɢ ɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɤɢ ɤɥɟɟɨɛɪɚɡ
ɧɚɭɬɚɣɤɚɌɨɜɚɜɩɨɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟɳɟɞɨɜɟɞɟɞɨ
ɬɪɭɞɧɨɡɚɩɚɥɜɚɧɟɧɚɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɢɫɜɴɪɡɚɧɢɹɫ
ɬɨɜɚɫɤɴɩɨɫɬɪɭɜɚɳɪɟɦɨɧɬ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɫɴɯɪɚɧɹ
ɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɡɚɩɨɜɟɱɟɨɬɞɧɢ
ɛɟɡɞɚɫɟɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɟɦɚɬɫɥɟɞɧɢɬɟɦɟɪɤɢ
Ȼɚɜɧɨ ɫɜɚɥɟɬɟ ɤɚɩɚɱɤɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ
ɡɚɝɨɪɢɜɨɡɚɞɚɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɟɫɴɡɞɚɥɨɬɨɫɟ
ɧɚɥɹɝɚɧɟ ɜ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ ɂɡɬɨɱɟɬɟ ɜɧɢɦɚ
ɬɟɥɧɨɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɡɚɝɨɪɢɜɨ
ɉɭɫɧɟɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɢɝɨɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɞɚɪɚɛɨ
ɬɢɞɨɤɚɬɨɫɩɪɟɡɚɞɚɢɡɬɨɱɢɬɟɝɨɪɢɜɨɬɨɨɬ
ɤɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ɉɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɞɚɢɡɫɬɢɧɟɡɚɨɤɨɥɨ
ɦɢɧɭɬɢ
ɋɩɨɦɨɳɬɚɧɚɝɥɭɯɤɥɸɱɡɚɫɜɟɳɢɫɜɚɥɟɬɟ
ɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɳ
ɂɡɫɢɩɟɬɟɱɚɟɧɚɥɴɠɢɱɤɚɱɢɫɬɨɞɜɭɬɚɤɬɨ
ɜɨɦɚɫɥɨɜɝɨɪɢɜɧɚɬɚɤɚɦɟɪɚɂɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟ
ɛɚɜɧɨɧɹɤɨɥɤɨɩɴɬɢɜɴɠɟɬɨɧɚɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚɡɚ
ɞɚɫɟɩɨɤɪɢɹɬɫɦɚɫɥɨɜɴɬɪɟɲɧɢɬɟɤɨɦɩɨ
ɧɟɧɬɢ ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚ
ɫɜɟɳɎɢɝ.
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
tv 5545-cs2.indd 87
ɋɜɚɥɟɬɟɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɳ
ɂɡɞɴɪɩɚɣɬɟ ɪɹɡɤɨ ɜɴɠɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɫɬɚɪɬɟɪɚ ɡɚ
ɞɚɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɢɬɟɢɡɥɢɲɴɤɚɨɬɦɚɫɥɨɜɝɨɪɢɜ
ɧɚɬɚɤɚɦɟɪɚ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɟɬɟ ɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɣɬɟ ɯɥɚɛɢɧɚɬɚ ɧɚ
ɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚ ɫɜɟɳ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ ɧɨɜɚ
ɫɜɟɳɫɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚɯɥɚɛɢɧɚ
ɉɨɞɝɨɬɜɟɬɟɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
Ɂɚɪɟɞɟɬɟɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚɫɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚɝɨɪɢɜ
ɧɚɫɦɟɫɨɬɛɟɧɡɢɧɢɦɚɫɥɨȼɢɠɌɚɛɥɢɰɚɬɚ
ɡɚɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɹɧɟɧɚɝɨɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫ
ɉɈȾȾɊɔɀɄȺɇȺɒɂɇȺɌȺ
ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɟ ɱɟɫɬɨ ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɡɴɛɧɨɬɨ
ɤɨɥɟɥɨɧɚɜɴɪɯɚɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɉɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɬɚɩɨɞ
ɞɪɴɠɤɚɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɪɚɡɹɫɧɟɧɚɜɬɨɡɢɪɚɡɞɟɥ
ɟɨɬɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɨɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɡɚɞɨɛɪɚɬɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɧɚɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧ
ɋɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨɡɴɛɧɨ
ɤɨɥɟɥɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ȼɇɂɆȺɇɂȿ ȼɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨ ɡɴɛɧɨ ɤɨ
ɥɟɥɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɟɮɚɛɪɢɱɧɨɫɦɚɡɚɧɨɄɚɤɬɨ
ɫɟ ɩɨɹɫɧɹɜɚ ɩɨɞɨɥɭ ɥɢɩɫɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɫɦɚɡɜɚ
ɧɟ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨ ɡɴɛɧɨ ɤɨɥɟɥɨ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɜɨɞɢɞɨɩɨɧɢɠɟɧɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɧɨɫɬɢɛɥɨ
ɤɢɪɚɧɟɢɚɧɭɥɢɪɚɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɹɬɚɧɚɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢ
ɬɟɥɹ
ɉɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚɫɟɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨɡɴɛ
ɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɫɥɟɞɱɚɫɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɢɥɢɜɟɞɧɴɠɫɟɞɦɢɱɧɨɤɨɟɬɨɨɬɞɜɟɬɟɫɴɛɢ
ɬɢɹɧɚɫɬɴɩɢɩɴɪɜɨȼɢɧɚɝɢɩɪɟɞɢɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ
ɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɣɬɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨ ɡɴɛɧɨ ɤɨ
ɥɟɥɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɉɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɧɨɫɬɢɡɚɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɨɫɟɬɟ ɪɴ
ɤɚɜɢɰɢɡɚɬɟɠɤɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɛɨɪɚɜɢɬɟɫ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
Ɂɚ ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨ ɡɴɛɧɨ ɤɨɥɟɥɨ ɫɟ
ɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚɭɩɨɬɪɟɛɚɬɚɧɚɬɚɤɚɥɚɦɢɬɧɟɜɥɢ
ɡɚɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɡɚɤɭɩɢɞɨ
ɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨɌɚɤɚɥɚɦɢɬɴɬɟɫɢɝɥɨɜɢɞɧɚɞɸɡɚ
87
BG
ɝ
ɧɚɜɴɪɯɚɤɨɟɬɨɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɡɚɟɮɢɤɚɫɧɨɬɨ
ɩɨɥɚɝɚɧɟɧɚɝɪɟɫɜɴɜɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨɡɴɛɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨ
ɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɉɪɟɦɟɫɬɟɬɟɧɚɞɨɥɭɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚɱɚɋɌɈɉ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ Ɂɚ ɞɚ ɫɦɚɠɟɬɟ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨ
ɡɴɛɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɧɟɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɞɚ
ɫɜɚɥɹɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɋɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɢɡ
ɜɴɪɲɢɧɚɩɪɚɜɨ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɟɬɟɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨɡɴɛɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨɧɚɲɢ
ɧɚɬɚ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɬɚɤɚɥɚɦɢɬɚ ɧɟ ɜɥɢɡɚ ɜ
ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹɬɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɡɚɤɭɩɢ ɞɨ
ɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɢɝɥɨɜɢɞɧɚɬɚɞɸɡɚ
ɜɨɬɜɨɪɚɡɚɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɢɜɩɪɴɫɤɚɣɬɟɝɪɟɫɞɨ
ɤɚɬɨɢɡɥɟɡɟɜɴɪɯɭɜɴɧɲɧɢɹɪɴɛɧɚɜɟɪɢɠ
ɧɨɬɨɡɴɛɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɎɢɝ.
Ɂɚɜɴɪɬɟɬɟ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɪɴɤɚ ɉɨɜɬɨɪɟɬɟ
ɝɨɪɧɚɬɚɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɚɡɚɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɞɨɤɚɬɨɧɟ
ɝɪɟɫɢɪɚɬɟ ɰɹɥɨɬɨ ɜɟɪɢɠɧɨ ɡɴɛɧɨ ɤɨɥɟɥɨ
ɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
Ɏɢɝ 20
Ɂɚɬɨɱɟɬɟ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɤɚɬɨ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟ ɡɚɳɢɬɧɢ
ɪɴɤɚɜɢɰɢɢɤɪɴɝɥɚɩɢɥɚ‘PPɧɟɜɥɢɡɚɜ
ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɡɚɤɭɩɢɞɨɩɴɥ
ɧɢɬɟɥɧɨ
ȼɢɧɚɝɢɡɚɬɨɱɜɚɣɬɟɪɟɠɟɳɢɬɟɡɜɟɧɚɫɚɦɨɫɞɜɢ
ɠɟɧɢɹɧɚɫɨɱɟɧɢɨɬɜɴɬɪɟɧɚɜɴɧɎɢɝɤɚɬɨ
ɫɩɚɡɜɚɬɟɫɬɨɣɧɨɫɬɢɬɟɩɨɫɨɱɟɧɢɧɚɎɢɝ.
ɋɥɟɞɡɚɬɨɱɜɚɧɟɜɫɢɱɤɢɪɟɠɟɳɢɡɜɟɧɚɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚɫɚɫɟɞɧɚɤɜɚɲɢɪɢɧɚɢɞɴɥɠɢɧɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɜɟɪɢ
ɝɚɬɚ ɟ ɞɨɛɪɟ ɡɚɬɨɱɟɧɚ ɫɟ ɨɬɞɟɥɹɬ ɞɨɛɪɟ
ɨɮɨɪɦɟɧɢ ɫɬɴɪɝɨɬɢɧɢ Ⱥɤɨ ɩɪɢ ɪɹɡɚɧɟ ɡɚ
ɩɨɱɧɟɞɚɫɟɨɬɞɟɥɹɩɪɚɯɜɪɟɦɟɟɞɚɡɚɬɨ
ɱɢɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɋɥɟɞɜɫɹɤɨɬɪɟɬɨɱɟɬɜɴɪɬɨɡɚɬɨɱɜɚɧɟɬɪɹɛɜɚ
ɞɚ ɫɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚ ɜɢɫɨɱɢɧɚɬɚ ɧɚ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟ
ɥɢɬɟɧɚɞɴɥɛɨɱɢɧɚɤɨɹɬɨɩɪɢɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬ
ɞɚɫɟɧɚɦɚɥɢɫɩɨɦɨɳɬɚɧɚɩɥɨɫɤɚɩɢɥɚɢɲɚ
ɛɥɨɧɧɟɜɥɢɡɚɬɜɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚ
ɫɟ ɡɚɤɭɩɹɬ ɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨ ɫɥɟɞ ɤɨɟɬɨ ɩɪɟɞ
ɧɢɬɟɪɴɛɨɜɟɧɚɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɢɬɟɞɚɫɟɡɚɨɛɥɹɬ
Ɏɢɝ.
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɉɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨ
ɤɨɪɢɝɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɬɟɥɢɬɟɧɚɞɴɥɛɨɱɢ
ɧɚɟɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɜɚɠɧɨɤɨɥɤɨɬɨɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨ
ɡɚɬɨɱɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɉɨɜɟɱɟɬɨɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɢɫɲɢɧɚɬɚɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɛɴɞɚɬ
ɩɪɟɞɨɬɜɪɚɬɟɧɢɩɪɨɫɬɨɫɞɨɛɪɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ
ɇɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨɬɨɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɪɚɛɨ
ɬɚɫɬɪɢɨɧɫɩɪɟɤɚɥɟɧɨɨɛɬɟɝɧɚɬɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɩɪɟ
ɞɢɡɜɢɤɜɚɬɛɴɪɡɨɢɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
Ɂɚ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɧɟ ɢɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɫɟ
ɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚɬ ɞɨɥɭɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɢ ɩɨ
ɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿȼɢɧɚɝɢɧɨɫɟɬɟ
ɡɚɳɢɬɧɢɪɴɤɚɜɢɰɢɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɢɡɜɴɪɲɜɚɧɟ
ɧɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɬɚɇɟɫɟɞɨɩɭɫɤɚɩɪɨɜɟɠɞɚɧɟ
ɧɚɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬɟɝɨɪɟɳ
ɞ
Ɏɢɝ 22
Ɏɢɝ 23
ȼɨɞɟɳɚ ɲɢɧɚ ɋ ɨɝɥɟɞ ɧɚ ɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɬɨ ɣ
ɢɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɨɛɪɴɳɚ ɧɚ
ɜɫɟɤɢɱɚɫɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɉɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟɱɢɫɬɢɤɚɧɚɥɚɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɨɬɜɨ
ɪɚɡɚɦɚɡɚɧɟɫɩɨɦɨɳɬɚɧɚɩɪɢɫɩɨɫɨɛɥɟɧɢɟɬɨ
ɡɚ ɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟ ɧɟ ɜɥɢɡɚ ɜ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚɰɢɹɬɚ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɡɚɤɭɩɢɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨɎɢɝ.
ɑɟɫɬɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɞɚɥɢ ɪɟɥɫɢɬɟ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚ
ɬɚɫɚɢɡɧɨɫɟɧɢɚɤɨɟɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɩɨɱɢɫɬɟɬɟ
ɨɬɬɹɯɦɭɫɬɚɰɢɬɟɚɫɩɪɚɜɚɬɚɩɢɥɚɡɚɱɢɫɬɟɬɟ
ɪɟɥɫɢɬɟɩɨɞɩɪɚɜɴɝɴɥɎɢɝ.
Ɏɢɝ 21
BG
88
tv 5545-cs2.indd 88
TV 5545
ɝ
ɞ
ɋɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɢɤɨɝɚ ɧɟ
ɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɣɬɟ ɧɨɜɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚ ɧɚ ɢɡɧɨɫɟɧɨ ɜɟ
ɪɢɠɧɨɡɴɛɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨɢɥɢɧɚɢɡɧɨɫɟɧɫɚɦɨ
ɩɨɞɪɚɜɧɹɜɚɳɫɟɩɪɴɫɬɟɧ
Ɏɢɝ 24
Ɏɢɝ 25
ɂɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɉɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɧɨɨɛɪɴɳɚɣ
ɬɟɲɢɧɚɬɚɨɛɪɚɬɧɨɧɚɩɪɫɥɟɞɱɚɫɨɜɚɪɚɛɨ
ɬɚɫɬɪɢɨɧɚɡɚɞɚɨɫɢɝɭɪɢɬɟɪɚɜɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɢɡ
ɧɨɫɜɚɧɟɧɚɝɨɪɧɚɬɚɢɞɨɥɧɚɬɚɱɚɫɬɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɉɪɨɯɨɞɧɢ ɨɬɜɨɪɢ ɡɚ ɦɚɡɚɧɟ ɉɪɨɯɨɞɧɢɬɟ
ɨɬɜɨɪɢ ɡɚ ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ
ɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɬ ɱɢɫɬɢ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɨɛɟɡɩɟɱɢ ɞɨɛɪɨ
ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɢɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɩɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚ
ɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɁȺȻȿɅȿɀɄȺ ɋɴɫɬɨɹɧɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɯɨɞɧɢɬɟ
ɨɬɜɨɪɢɡɚɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟɥɟɫɧɨɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɩɪɨɜɟ
ɪɢȺɤɨɩɪɨɯɨɞɧɢɬɟɨɬɜɨɪɢɫɚɱɢɫɬɢɧɹɤɨɥɤɨ
ɫɟɤɭɧɞɢɫɥɟɞɩɭɫɤɚɧɟɧɚɬɪɢɨɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɚɜ
ɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɨɳɟɪɚɡɩɪɴɫɤɚɤɚɩɱɢɰɢɦɚɫɥɨɌɨɡɢ
ɜɟɪɢɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧɟɫɧɚɛɞɟɧɫɴɫɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɡɚɚɜ
ɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɨɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ
ȼɢɧɚɝɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟ ɞɚɥɢ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɚɬɚ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɡɚ ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɢ ɞɨɛɪɟ Ɂɚɪɟɠ
ɞɚɣɬɟ ɪɟɡɟɪɜɨɚɪɚ ɡɚ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɫɴɫ ɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨ
ɦɚɫɥɨ63$5.<
Ⱦɨɛɪɨɬɨ ɫɦɚɡɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɢ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɩɨ
ɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɟɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɮɚɤɬɨɪɡɚɦɢ
ɧɢɦɢɡɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɬɹɯɧɨɬɨɬɪɢɟɧɟ
ɇɟ ɫɟ ɞɨɩɭɫɤɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɧɚ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɢ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɛɟɡɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɦɚɫɥɨɊɚɛɨɬɚɬɚɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɠɧɢɹɬɪɢɨɧɛɟɡɦɚɫɥɨɢɥɢɫɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱ
ɧɨ ɦɚɫɥɨ ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɧɨɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ
ɬɪɢɨɧɚ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɫɟ ɢɡɧɨɫɜɚ ɩɪɟɠɞɟɜɪɟɦɟɧ
ɧɨɤɨɟɬɨɜɨɞɢɞɨɛɴɪɡɨɢɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
ɨɬɩɪɟɝɪɹɜɚɧɟɉɪɢɡɧɚɤɡɚɧɟɞɨɫɬɢɝɚɧɚɦɚɫ
ɥɨɟɨɬɞɟɥɹɧɟɬɨɧɚɞɢɦɤɚɤɬɨɢɨɛɟɡɰɜɟɬɹɜɚ
ɧɟɬɨɧɚɲɢɧɚɬɚ
Ɂɚɬɨɱɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
Ɂɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɨɛɟɡɩɟɱɢ ɡɚɬɨɱɜɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɪɟɠɟɳɢɬɟ
ɪɴɛɨɜɟɩɨɞɩɪɚɜɢɥɟɧɴɝɴɥɢɫɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɚɬɚ
ɞɴɥɛɨɱɢɧɚɫɚɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɢɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɢɢɧɫɬɪɭ
ɦɟɧɬɢɇɚɧɚɱɢɧɚɟɳɢɹɩɨɬɪɟɛɢɬɟɥɧɚɜɟɪɢ
ɠɟɧɬɪɢɨɧɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚɦɟɞɚɡɚɧɟɫɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɜ
ɧɚɣɛɥɢɡɤɢɹɫɟɪɜɢɡɡɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ63$5.<
ɤɴɞɟɬɨɬɹɞɚɛɴɞɟɡɚɬɨɱɟɧɚɩɪɨɮɟɫɢɨɧɚɥɧɨ
Ⱥɤɨɪɟɲɢɬɟɞɚɫɟɡɚɟɦɟɬɟɫɚɦɫɬɚɡɢɡɚɞɚɱɚ
ɦɨɠɟɬɟɞɚɫɢɧɚɛɚɜɢɬɟɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɢɬɟɢɧɫɬɪɭ
ɦɟɧɬɢɡɚɡɚɬɨɱɜɚɧɟɨɬɫɟɪɜɢɡɚɡɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧ
ɬɢ63$5.<
ɉɈȾȾɊɔɀɄȺɇȺȼȿɊɂȽȺɌȺ
Ɉɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɉɪɨɜɟɪɹɜɚɣɬɟɱɟɫɬɨɨɛɬɹɝɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɢ
ɩɪɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬ ɜɢɧɚɝɢ ɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɣɬɟ ɡɚ
ɞɚɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɬɟɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚɩɪɢɛɪɚɧɚɤɴɦɲɢɧɚ
ɬɚɧɨɜɫɟɩɚɤɞɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɨɯɥɚɛɚɜɚɡɚɞɚɦɨɠɟ
ɞɚɫɟɩɪɟɦɟɫɬɜɚɛɟɡɭɫɢɥɢɟɫɪɴɤɚ
Ɋɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɜɚɧɟɧɚɧɨɜɚɜɟɪɢɝɚ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ ɢ ɲɢɧɚɬɚ ɫɚ ɧɨɜɢ ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚ ɫɥɟɞ ɜɫɟɤɢ ɫɪɟɡɚ
Ɍɨɜɚɟɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨɡɚɩɟɪɢɨɞɚɧɚɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɜɚɧɟ
ɚɫɜɪɟɦɟɬɨɢɧɬɟɪɜɚɥɢɬɟɦɟɠɞɭɩɪɟɡɚɬɹɝɚɧɢ
ɹɬɚɳɟɧɚɪɚɫɬɧɚɬɛɴɪɡɨ
ɉɊȿȾɍɉɊȿɀȾȿɇɂȿ ɇɟ ɫɟ ɞɨɩɭɫ
ɤɚɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɹɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɩɨɜɟɱɟɨɬɡɜɟɧɚɨɬ
ɜɟɪɢɝɚɬɚ Ɍɨɜɚ ɳɟ ɩɪɟɞɢɡɜɢɤɚ ɩɨɜɪɟɞɚ ɧɚ
ɜɟɪɢɠɧɨɬɨɡɴɛɧɨɤɨɥɟɥɨ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
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ȼɔɁɆɈɀɇɂɇȿɂɁɉɊȺȼɇɈɋɌɂɂɌəɏɇɈɌɈɈɌɋɌɊȺɇəȼȺɇȿ
Ʉɨɧɫɬɚɬɢɪɚɧɚɧɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬ
Ɇɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɧɟɦɨɠɟɞɚɡɚɩɚɥɢɢɥɢ
ɡɚɩɚɥɜɚɧɨɝɚɫɧɟ
ɇɚɱɢɧɡɚɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɹɜɚɧɟ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɢɩɭɫɤɨɜɢɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɢ
ɋɥɟɞɜɚɣɬɟɭɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɬɚɜɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɚɬɚ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚɧɚ
ɤɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ʉɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɴɬɞɚɫɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɜ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɫɟɪɜɢɡ
Ɂɚɰɚɩɚɧɚɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɫɜɟɳ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɟɬɟɫɜɟɳɬɚɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɣɬɟ
ɯɥɚɛɢɧɚɬɚɢɥɢɩɨɞɦɟɧɟɬɟɫɜɟɳɬɚ
Ɂɚɩɭɲɟɧɝɨɪɢɜɟɧɮɢɥɬɴɪ
ɉɨɞɦɟɧɟɬɟɝɨɪɢɜɧɢɹɮɢɥɬɴɪ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɧɚɥɨɫɬɚɧɚ
ɫɦɭɤɚɱɚ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɥɨɫɬɚɧɚɫɦɭɤɚɱɚɜ
ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟɂɁɄɅɘɑȿɇɈ
Ɂɚɦɴɪɫɟɧɢɫɤɪɨɜɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
ɉɨɞɦɟɧɟɬɟɢɫɤɪɨɜɢɹɪɚɡɪɹɞɧɢɤ
Ɂɚɦɴɪɫɟɧɜɴɡɞɭɲɟɧɮɢɥɬɴɪ
ɋɜɚɥɟɬɟɩɨɱɢɫɬɟɬɟɢɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɨɬɧɨɜɨ
ɮɢɥɬɴɪɚ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚɧɚɤɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ʉɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɴɬɞɚɫɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɜ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɫɟɪɜɢɡ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚɧɚ
ɤɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ʉɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɴɬɞɚɫɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɜ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɫɟɪɜɢɡ
Ɋɚɛɨɬɢɧɟɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɧɚɯɥɚɛɢɧɚɧɚ
ɡɚɩɚɥɢɬɟɥɧɚɬɚɫɜɟɳ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɟɬɟɫɜɟɳɬɚɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɣɬɟ
ɯɥɚɛɢɧɚɬɚɢɥɢɩɨɞɦɟɧɟɬɟɫɜɟɳɬɚ
ɉɪɟɤɨɦɟɪɧɨɨɬɞɟɥɹɧɟɧɚɞɢɦ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚɧɚ
ɤɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɚ
Ʉɚɪɛɭɪɚɬɨɪɴɬɞɚɫɟɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɚɜ
ɨɬɨɪɢɡɢɪɚɧɫɟɪɜɢɡ
ɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɟɧɚɝɨɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɟɧɚ
ɝɨɪɢɜɧɚɫɦɟɫɜɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɹɱɚɫɬɢ
ɛɟɧɡɢɧɤɴɦɱɚɫɬɫɦɚɡɨɱɧɨɦɚɫɥɨ
Ɇɚɲɢɧɚɬɚɡɚɩɚɥɜɚɧɨɞɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬ
ɪɚɛɨɬɢɫɧɢɫɤɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬ
Ⱦɜɢɝɚɬɟɥɹɬɩɪɟɤɴɫɜɚ
ɇɹɦɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɩɨɞɬɨɜɚɪ
BG
ȼɟɪɨɹɬɧɚɩɪɢɱɢɧɚ
;DZȎȞȎțȤȖȭ
ǵȎȏȓșȓȔȘȖ
Ƚɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɢɹɬɫɪɨɤɧɚɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜɢɬɟɜɟɪɢɠɧɢ
ɬɪɢɨɧɢ 63$5.< ɫɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹ ɜ ɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɚ
ɤɚɪɬɚ
ɇɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɹɜɢɥɢ ɫɟ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɧɚ
ɟɫɬɟɫɬɜɟ¤ɧɨ ɢɡɧɨɫɜɚɧɟ ɩɪɟɬɨɜɚɪɜɚɧɟ ɢɥɢ
ɧɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɚ ɟɤɫ¤ɩɥɨɚ¤¤ɬɚɰɢɹ ɫɟ ɢɡɤɥɸɱɜɚɬ
ɨɬɝɚɪɚɧɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɡɚɞɴɥɠɟɧɢɹ
ɇɟɢɡɩɪɚɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɹɜɢɥɢ ɫɟ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ ɧɚ
ɜɥɚɝɚɧɟ ɧɚ ɧɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢ ɢɢɥɢ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɫɬɜɟɧɢ ɝɪɟɲɤɢ ɫɟ ɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɹɜɚɬ ɛɟɡ
ɞɨ¤ɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨɡɚɩɥɚ¤ɳɚɧɟɱɪɟɡɡɚɦɹɧɚɢɥɢ
ɪɟɦɨɧɬ
Ɋɟɤɥɚɦɚɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɞɟɮɟɤɬɢɪɚɥ ɛɟɧɡɢɧɨɜ ɜɟɪɢ
ɠɟɧ ɬɪɢɨɧ 63$5.< ɫɟ ɩɪɢɡɧɚɜɚ ɤɨɝɚɬɨ ɦɚ
ɲɢɧɚɬɚɫɟɜɴɪɧɟɧɚɞɨɫɬɚɜɱɢɤɚɢɥɢɫɟɩɪɟɞ
ɫɬɚɜɢɧɚɨɬɨɪɢɡɢ¤ɪɚɧɝɚɪɚɧ¤ɰɢɨɧɟɧɫɟɪɜɢɡɜ
ɧɟɪɚɡɝɥɨɛɟɧɨɩɴɪɜɨ¤ɧɚɱɚɥɧɨɫɴɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ
ȼɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɨɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɰɹɥɚɬɚɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɡɚ
ɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɩɪɟɞɢɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɬɨɜɚɢɡɞɟ
ɥɢɟ
ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹɬ ɫɢ ɡɚɩɚɡɜɚ ɩɪɚɜɨɬɨ ɞɚ ɜɴ
ɜɟɠɞɚɩɨɞɨɛɪɟɧɢɹɢɩɪɨɦɟɧɢɜɫɜɨɢɬɟɢɡɞɟ
ɥɢɹɢɞɚɩɪɨɦɟɧɹɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɬɟɛɟɡɩɪɟɞɭ
ɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɟ
ɋɩɟɰɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢɬɟ ɦɨɝɚɬ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɚɜɚɬ ɡɚ
ɨɬɞɟɥɧɢɬɟɫɬɪɚɧɢ
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