Star Micronics LC24-15 User's Manual

Star Micronics LC24-15 User's Manual
MULTI-FONT
LC24-15
USERS MANUAL
NOT INTENDED
FOR SALE
Self Declaration
Radio interference regarding this equipment has been eliminated according to Vfg 1046/1984 announced by the DBP.
DBP has been informed of the introduction of this special equipment and has been granted the right to
examine the whole series.
It is the user’s responsibility to see that his own assembled system is in accordance with the technical
regulations under Vfg 1046/1984.
To conform to FTZ-regulations it is necessary to make all connections to the printer with shielded cable.
The equipment
may only be opened by qualified service representatives.
The ahm~ statement applies only to printers
Trademark
marketed in West Gemanp.
Acknowlidgements
LC24-15, NB-15, NB24-15: Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
IBM PC, PC-AT, PC-XT. Proprinter XL24, Proprinter X24, Proprinter II, PC-DOS: InternatIonal
Business Machinks Corp.
.
Microsoft BASIC, MS-DOS; Microsoft Corporation
LQ-1050, LQ-850, LQ-1000: Seiko Epson Corp.
NOTICE
.
All rights reserved. Reproduction of any part of this manual in any form whatsoever without
STAR’s express permission is forbidden.
. The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice.
. All efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the contents of this manual at the time of
press. However, should any errors be detected, STAR would greatly appreciate being informed
of them.
9 The above notwithstanding,
STAR can assume no responsibility for any errors in this manual.
0 Copyright
1989 Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
This manual is organized into nine chapters. To learn how to make the best
use of your printer you are urged to read through chapters 1 through 3. The
remaining chapters may be treated as a reference guide for programming
operations, etc. It assumes a degree of acknowledge off the operation of
computers (for instance, it assumes you know about hexadecimal numbers).
The chapters are as follows:
Chapter 1 -
Setting up the printer
This chapter explains how to get the printer unpacked and set up. Read this
chapter before you do anything else.
Chapter 2 -
Control panel operations
There are a number of controls on the front panel which perform various
functions related to paper handling, print modes and font selection.
After getting set up, read this chapter and try out the procedures in it to find
out how the printer works.
Chapter 3 -
DIP switch settings
This chapter explains how to set the DIP switches to make system settings
on the ‘printer.
Chapter 4 -
Printer control commands
This chapter explains the different emulations provided by your printer, and
the software commands used to drive it. This section is of use if you are
writing or modifying programs to take advantage of the printer’s features.
Chapter 5 -
Download characters
This chapter explains the procedures to create your own characters.
Chapter 6 -
MS-DOS and your printer
Since the PC or PC-AT family of computers running under MS-DOS is
currently the most popular configuration of microcomputer, we have included a few hints and tips to help you use your printer with such systems.
Since virtually all PCs are sold with a Microsoft BASIC interpreter, we have
also included some hints, and a sample program in this language to
demonstrate the capabilities of the printer.
Chapter 7 -
Troubleshooting and maintenance
This section gives a checklist of points to check if your printer is not working
in the expected way. It also includes details of some routine maintenance
operations you can carry out yourself. It is not, however, a complete service
manual. Call a qualified service engineer if you are unsure of your ability to
carry out any maintenance or servicing operations.
Chapter 8 -
Specifications
This section gives the specifications of your printer.
Chapter 9 -
Character sets
These charts give the different character sets available, and the differences
between national character sets (as set up with the DIP switches).
FEATURES OF THE PRINTER
This printer is a convenient, monochrome printer without frills but with a full
complement of features, making it an excellent partner for a personal
computer. It supports the IBM/Epson printer commands and character sets,
enabling it to print just about anything your computer can generate, both text
and graphics. Some of its main features are the following:
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Extensive software support
Since it is compatible with the Epson and IBM printers, it works with any
software that supports those printers. That includes most word-processing
and graphics programs, spread-sheets, and integrated software packages.
l
Easy operation
Clearly understandable indicator displays and beep tones provide immediate feedback when you press the buttons on the control panel. The five
buttons can operate in combinations to perform a surprising variety of
functions, including micro-alignment.
l
Easy care and maintenance
The ribbon cartridge can be replaced in seconds the print head in a few
minutes.
l
Versatile paper handling
Single sheets, fanfold forms, and multi-copy forms (up to triple-ply) are all
accepted, and you can use either tractor or friction feed. A special feature
enables you to keep fanfold forms parked in readiness while printing on
other paper.
l
Large variety of font styles and sizes
The printer has one draft style and four LQ styles (Courier, Sanserif, Orator
and Script), plus italics for all styles, plus condensed print, bold print,
. double-sized print, quadruple-sized print.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1 SETTING UP THE PRINTER ...............................................1
Locating the Printer .......................................................................... 1
Unpacking and Inspection ................................................................ 2
Cheek the carton contents ........................................................ 2
Parts name of the printer .......................................................... 3
Setting Up ......................................................................................... 4
Mount the platen knob ............................................................. 4
Install the ribbon cartridge ...................................................... .4
Install the optional IC card.. .................................................... .7
Connection ............................................................................... 8
Loading Single Sheets .................................................................... 10
Automatic loading .................................................................. 10
Manual loading ...................................................................... 12
Loading and Parking Fanfold Forms .............................................. 13
Loading the fanfold forms .................................................... .13
Loading the paper with pull tractor unit.. ............................... 15
Paper parking ......................................................................... 17
Paper unparking ..................................................................... 17
Adjusting the Printing Gap.. .......................................................... .18
Chapter 2 CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS
..................................19
Buttons and Indicators .................................................................... 19
ON LINE button ................................................................... .20
PAPER FEED button .......................................................... ... 21
SET/EJECT PARK button ..................................................... 21
PITCH button ........................................................................ .2 1
STYLE button ....................................................................... .22
Power-Up Functions ...................................................................... .23
Short test mode ..................................................................... .23
Long test mode ....................................................................... 24
Print area test mode.. ............................................................. .24
Stay in panel pitch ................................................................. .24
Stay in panel style .................................................................. 25
Stay in panel pitch and style .................................................. 25
Hexadecimal dump ............................................................... .25
Switch Combination Functions ...................................................... 28
Form feed .............................................................................. .28
Top of form ........................................................................... .29
Forward micro-feed .............................................................. .29
Reverse micro-feed ............................................................... .29
Clearing the buffer ................................................................. 30
Chapter 3 DIP SWITCH SETTINGS .. .. .. . . .. .. ... .. .. .. .. ... .. .. .. . . .. . .. ... . .. .. . 31
Location of the DIP Switches .... .................................. .. ................. 31
Functions of the DIP Switches ........................................ ............... 32
Chapter 4 PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS ..................... .. ......... 37
Font Control Commands .............. .. ............................... ................. 38
Character Set Commands .............................................................. .43
Character Size and Pitch Commands ........... ........ ................*.........45
Vertical Position Commands ................... ....... .. .............................. 53
Horizontal Position Commands .. ................................................ ... 60
Graphics Commands ....................... ........................ ..... .................. 65
Download Character Commands ............................... .................... 69
Other Printer Control Commands ..................... ..... ........................ 71
Chapter 5 DOWNLOAD CHARACTERS ....... ................ ..................... 77
Defining Your Own Characters .. .. ........................ ... .. .. ................... 77
Assigning the character data ................ ....... ........................ ... 78
Assigning a value of character apace .......................... .. ......... 79
Sample program ................... .... ........................... .. ................. 79
Chapter 6 MS-DOS AND YOUR PRINTER ............................ ... .. .. ..... 83
Installing Application Software with Your Printer ........................ 83
Embedding Printer Commands .. ..... .. .. ...................... ..... ................ 84
Programming the Printer with DOS Commands .... ........................ 86
Programming with BASIC .......................... ............................... .. .. 88
How the program works .......................... ..... .............. .. .......... 94
*
Modifications for IBM mode .............. .. ........................... ...... 96
Chapter 7 TROUBLESHOOTING
AND MAINTENANCE ............ 97
Troubleshooting ............................................................................. 97
Power supply .... ... ................ ............... ..... .. ........................ .. ... 98
Printing ............................ ... .. .. ................................................ 98
Paper feeding ....I.................. ....................................... ..... ..... 100
Maintenance ............................................... .................... .. ..... .. ..... 103
Replacing the Ribbon ................................................................... 103
Replacing the Print Head ...................................... .. ...................... 104
Replacing the Battery in the RAM Card .............. ........................ 106
Chapter 8 SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................ 107
Chapter 9 CHARACTER SETS ............................................................. 111
Standard Character Set .................................................. .. ... .... ...... 112
IBM Character Set #2 .......................... .. ............ ... .. ...................... 114
IBM Character Set #l .......................... ............ ....... .. .................... 116
IBM Special Character Set ........... ................. ............... ................ 117
International Character Sets ,...,.................................................... 118
INDEX ........ ......... .............................................. ............. ..................... 119
COMMAND SUMMARY ..................................................................... ... 122
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Chapter I
SETTING UP THE PRINTER
Subjects covered in Chapter 1 include l
Locating the printer
l
Unpacking and inspection (names of parts)
l
Setting up and connection
l
Loading single sheets
l
Loading and parking fanfold forms
l
Adjusting the printing gap
LOCATING THE PRINTER
Before you start unpacking and setting up your printer, make sure that you
have a suitable place on which to locate it. By “a suitable place”, we mean:
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A firm, level surface which is fairly vibration-free
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Away from excessive heat (such as direct sunlight, heaters, etc)
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Away from excessive humidity
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Away from excessive dust
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Supply it “clean” electricity. Don’t connect it to the same circuit as alarge,
noise-producing appliance such as a refrigerator.
Make sure the line voltage is within 10% of the voltage specified on the
identification plate.
A location with sufficient space to locate the printer and any paper to be
fed into it, as well as the printed paper coming out.
If you are using a parallel connection to your computer, make sure that it
is within 2m (6ft) of the printer (an RS-232 connection using the optional
RS-232 interface can be made over longer distances).
1
UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
Check the carton contents
Now unpack the contents of the printer shipping carton, and check each item
in the box against Figure l-l to make sure that you have everything (there
should be five items).
If any of these items are missing, contact your supplier.
F/gum I-1. Check 10 make sure you have all five items: 1) Printer, 2) Paper guide, 3) Platen knob, 4) Ribbon
cartridge, and 5) User’s manual.
The optional accessories which you may have ordered with your printer are:
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Serial (RS-232) interface board
Automatic sheet feeder
Pull tractor unit
Font card
RAM card
Parts name of the printer
Make an external inspection of the printer. Note the locations of the following parts:
Entry slot
Release lever
Power
Figure 7-Z. The printer’s external parts
Bail lever:
opens and closes the paper bail which holds the paper
against the platen.
Release lever: releases the platen. This lever must be down for
printing on single sheets, and up for fanfold forms.
Top cover:
protects the print head and other parts.
Rear cover:
protects the sprocket feed mechanism.
for inserting single sheets of paper.
Entry slot:
Control panel: controls various printer functions.
Power switch: switches power on and off.
Card slot:
for inserting optional Font card or RAM card.
Connector:
for connecting the computer to the printer.
SETTING UP
Place the printer in the position where it is going to be permanently sited, and
remove all packing material from inside the top cover. This packing material
is intended to prevent damage to the printer in transit. You may like to keep
this packing with the printer carton if you intend transporting the printer for
use at a different location.
Mount the platen knob
The platen knob is packed into a recess of the white foam packing material
which held your printer inside the printer carton. Be careful to remove the
knob before disposing of the packing.
Mount the platen knob on the shaft on the right-hand side of the printer. Turn
the knob on me shaft before pushing the knob fully into position.
knob
Figure 1-3. Mounting the platen knob
Install the ribbon cartridge
Remove the top cover by lifting the front (using the two grips at the side),
and pulling towards you. Now install the ribbon.
--
4
Figure T-4. Removing the top cover
1. Use the tensioning knob on the ribbon cartridge to tighten the ribbon if
it is slack (turn clockwise).
2. Use the grips on the side of the ribbon cartridge to help locate the
cartridge (squeeze them inwards gently), and make sure that the spindles
on the cartridge holder fit into the sockets on the cartridge itself.
Figure 1-5. Installing the ribbon cartrldge
3. The ribbon should pass between the print head and the print head shield
(see Figure l-6).
Figum i-6. Pass the ribbon between the print head and print head shield
Now, hold the top cover upright and engage the tabs at the back. Then swing
the front edge down until the cover is closed.
Leave the top cover closed during normal operation. It keeps out dust and dirt
and reduces the printer’s operating sounds. Open the cover only to change
the ribbon or make an adjustment.
6
Install the optional IC card
This printer has five built-in character styles (fonts), and an1 1 K-byte data
buffer.
You can add more fonts or expand the data buffer by installing oprional IC
cards (Font card or RAM card).
To install or change an IC card, first turn off the power switch. Then, insert
the IC card into the slot at the bottom right front of the printer and slide it all
the way in.
Figure 1-7. Slide the IC card into the front slot with the power switch off.
7
Connection
Connect the printer to your computer, using a standard parallel-type cable.
On a PC or PC/AT-type computer, this means that you use the 25way Dtype connector at the computer end, and the Amphenol-type 36-way
connector at the printer end. The pinouts of the printer’s connector are given
in Chapter 8 if you need a cable for connection to another computer.
Plug the printer into a suitable mains outlet. However, DO NOT turn on the
power switch at the front of the printer yet.
r
\
cable
Figutv
1-8. Connecting
the interface cable
If you want to use the optional serial interface, slide out the parallel interface
board by gripping the flips on both sides. Then insert the optional serial
interface board all the way, as shown in Figure l-9.
8
Figure 1-9. Replacing the interface board
9
LOADING SINGLE SHEETS
This section will take you through the procedures for loading single sheets
of paper.
If you are using the optional automatic sheet feeder (ASF), read the ASF
instruction booklet.
Automatic loading
Single sheets can be loaded manually with power off, or automatically with
power on. We will start the easy way with automatic loading.
1. Place the paper guide in position, locating the lugs on the bottom of the
assembly into the slots on the rear cover of the printer.
Figure 7-70. Mounting the paper guide for single sheeis
2. Make sure that the release lever is down.
If the fanfold paper is mounted on the printer, press the ( SE&!!RT 1
button to park the paper, then move the release lever downwards.
10
3. Adjust the paper guides to match the size of paper you will be using (remembering that printing will start some distance from the left-hand edge
of the carriage).
4. Place a single sheet between the guides, placing the side on which you
want to print towards the back of the printer. Gently push the paper down
in the guides until you feel it stop.
Adjustable
paper guides
lever
I
Figure
1-77. Loading a single sheet
5. Turn on the power using the switch at the front of the printer. The printer
will beep, indicating that no paper is in position for printing. The orange
f OWER indicator also flashes to show this.
6. Now press the ( sEEWT > button. The paper bail will move clear of
the paper, and the paper will be fed and adjusted past the print head to a
position ready for printing. The paper bail will be moved back to grip the
paper against the platen, and the print head will move to the start position.
11
Manual loading
It is also possible to load paper manually while the printer’s power is off. The
procedure is:
1. Place the paper guide in position, locating the lugs on the bottom of the
assembly into the slots on the rear cover of the printer.
2. Check that printer power is off and the release lever at the back of the
printer is down.
3. Open the top cover, then move the bail lever on top of the printer forward
to open the paper bail.
4. Adjust the paper guides to match the size of paper you will be using (remembering that printing will start some distance from the left-hand edge
of the carriage).
5. Place a single sheet between the guides, placing the side on which you
want to print towards the back of the printer. Gently push the paper down
in the guides until you feel it stop.
6. Turn the platen knob clockwise until the front edge of the paper comes
out from under the top cover.
7. If the paper is not straight, move the release lever to the up position,
straighten the paper by hand, then move the release lever back down.
8. Move the bail lever back to close the paper bail.
12
LOADING AND PARKING FANFOLD FORMS
Fanfold forms have holes along the sides and perforations between the
sheets, They are also called sprocket forms, punched forms, or just plain
“computer paper”. This printer accepts forms up to 16” wide. Fanfold forms
are loaded, parked, and unparked as explained next.
Loading the fanfold forms
You can load the fanfold paper from the rear of the printer.
1. Place a stack of fanfold paper behind and at least one page-length below
the printer.
2. Turn the printer’s power OFF.
3. Push the release lever to the upward position. This has the effect of
releasing the paper from the platen roller, and engaging the tractor feed.
4. Remove the paper guide and put it aside for the moment.
5. Remove the rear cover. Grip it by its rear edge and lift upwards and backwards as in Figure 1-12.
,
Figure
l-12. Opening the rear cover
6. With the sprocket covers open, thread the paper over the sprockets,
aligning holes with the pins on the sprockets.
7. Adjust the spacing of the sprockets by sliding them along the bar, using
the clamp lever at the back of each sprocket to release and lock the
sprocket in positin (when the lever is down, the sprocket may be moved,
and when it is up, the sprocket is locked).
Flgurs I-13. Thread the fanfold paper over the sprockets
8. Now close the sprocket covers, again making sure that the paper sprocket
holes are aligned with the pins on the sprockets. If they are not aligned
properly, you will have problems with paper feeding, possibly resulting
in tearing and jamming of the paper.
9. Turn on the printer using the switch at the front of the printer. The printer
will beep (indicating that the paper is not yet fully loaded). This is also
confirmed by the orange POWER indicator flashing.
10. Now press the ( *Ep&p 1 button. The paper bail will move clear of
the paper, and the paper will be fed and adjusted past the print head to a
position ready for printing. The paper bail will be moved back to grip the
paper against the platen, and the print head will move to the start position.
11. Remount the rear cover. Hold it tilted upward and insert the four tabs at
the front into their slots. Then rotate the cover downwards, pressing
down on the thumb pads on the left and right to snap it into place.
14
12. Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position shown in Figure 1-14,
so that it will separate the printed from the unprinted paper.
Figure
I-14. Mounting the paper guide for fanfold forms
Loading the paper with pull tractor unit
You can load the fanfold paper by using the optional pull tractor unit.
1. <Remove the top cover, then move the bail lever on top of the printer
forward to open the paper bail.
2. Set the DIP switch l-4 to the OFF position. (See Chapter 3 for details.)
3. Mount the optional pull tractor unit onto the printer. Grip the lock levers
on both side and push the unit downwards onto the platen roller shaft to
fit the tractor grips, as shown in Figure l-15.
4. Place a stack of fanfold paper behind and at least one page-length below
the printer.
5. With the sprocket covers open, thread the paper over the sprockets from
the entry slot of the printer, aligning holes with the pins on the sprockets.
6. Adjust the spacing of the sprockets by sliding them along the bar, using
the clamp lever at the back of each sprocket to release and lock the
sprocket in positin (when the lever is up, the sprocket may be moved, and
when it is down, the sprocket is locked).
15
unit
Platen
igure l-15.Mounting the optional pull tractor unit
-
-
pure 7-76. Thread the fanfold paper over the sprockets from the entry slot of the printer.
7. Now close the sprocket covers, again making sure that the paper sprocket
holes are aligned with the pins on the sprockets. If they are not aligned
properly, you will have problems with paper feeding, possibly resulting
in tearing and jamming of the paper.
8. Mount the new top cover.
16
-
Paper parking
After loading fanfold paper with the internal tractor unit, you do not have to
unload it when you want to print on a single sheet. The printer will “park”
it for you if you follow the procedure below.
1. Paper parking starts with power ON, fanfold paper loaded in printing
position, the release lever up.
2. Press the ( ON LINE ) button on the control panel to set the printer offline (ON LINE indicator off).
3. Tear off the printed form at the last perforation, leaving not more than
about half a page showing above the top cover. If necessary, press the
(PAPER FEED) button to feed paper forward until a perforation is located
just above the top cover, and tear there.
4. Press the ( s%&cT ) button on the control panel.
The printer will automatically feed the fanfold form backward until the
paper is completely free of the platen.
5. Move the release lever to the down position.
6. Mount the paper guide in the upright position.
Now you can load single sheets either automatically or manually, as explained previously. The fanfold paper remains parked at the back of the
printer.
Paper unparking
When you want to resume using fanfold paper, the procedure is as follows.
1. , Remove all single sheets from the printer.
2. Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position.
3. Move the release lever to the up position.
4. Press the ( sE~‘~~CT) button. The printer will automatically feed the
parked fanfold paper into position for printing.
17
ADJUSTING
THE PRINTING GAP
The distance between the print head and the platen can be adjusted to
accommodate different paper thicknesses. To make this adjustment, remove
the top cover. The adjustment lever is located near the right end of the paper
bail. Pulling the adjustment lever upwards narrows the gap; pushing it
downwards widens the gap.
There are five positions; you can feel the lever clicking into each position.
The second position from the top is the one most commonly used for single
sheets of paper. Try different positions until you get the best printing results.
Figure 7-16. Adjusting for different thicknesses of paper
18
chapter 2
CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS
The control panel buttons can be pressed singly to perform the operations
indicated by their names. Other functions can be obtained by holding these
buttons down when you turn the printer’s power on. Still further functions
can be executed by pressing the control panel buttons in combination.
This chapter explains all the button and indicator functions.
Pause printing
Feed paper (fast and slow, forward and reverse)
Park fanfold forms
Set the top-of-form position
. Select the print pitch
Select a font style
Print test patterns
Prevent software from changing the panel pitch and font selections
Print a hexadecimal dump
Clear the printer’s buffer
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BUTTONS AND INDICATORS
The printer is equipped with five buttons on the control panel: from right to
lefttheyare,(
ON LINE
X( PAPER FEED> and(
sE&‘~~CT)(largerbuttons),
and(PITCH) and (STYLE)(smaller buttons).
L
The following is a brief guide to the buttons and indicators on the control
panel.
Figure 2-T. Control panel
19
ON LINE button
The ( ON LINE ) button sets the printer on-line and off-line. The state
changes each time you press the button.
In the on-line state the printer receives data from the computer and prints the
data. In the off-line state the printer stops printing and sends the computer
a signal indicating that it cannot accept data.
The printer powers up in the on-line state if paper is present. If paper is not
present, the printer powers up off-line with the POWER indicator flashing.
When you load paper the POWER indicator stops flashing, but the printer
remains off-line. To start printing you must press the ( ON LINE ) button
go on-line.
The three main times when you will want to press the<
are:
ON LINE
)button
Before and after any other panel operation
l
The other panel buttons operate only in the off-line state. First press the
)button to go off-line, then perform the panel operation, then
ON LINE
>button again to go back on-line.
ON LINE
press the (
(
To pause during printing
l
If you press the ( ON LINE ) button during printing, the printer stops
printing and goes off-line, allowing you to check the printout or change a
control panel setting. Printing resumes when you press the ( ON LINE )
button again to go back on-line.
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To cut fanfold forms at the end of printing
When using fanfold forms, if you hold the ( ON LINE )button down for
one second, in addition to go off-line the printer feeds the paper about two
inches forward, allowing you to cut it off just below the last line printed.
When you press the C ‘ON LINE )button again to go back on-line, the paper
feeds backward about one inch, stopping in the right place to resume
printing.
20
PAPER FEED button
If you press this button in off-line, the paper feeds forward. If you hold this
button down, the printer performs consecutive line feeds.
While you are feeding lines, if you also press the ( ON LINE > button, the
paper will feed to the top of the next page. This is explained later.
If you press this button in on-line, this will alternately illuminate and
extinguish the QUIET indicator. When in Quiet mode with the QUIET
indicator illuminating, the printer will print slightly slower, but at a reduced
noise level.
SET/EJECT PARK button
Pressing this button causes the printer to execute paper loading if the paper
has not loaded while in the off-line state.
If the paper has been loaded, this button causes the printer in different
functions depending on the release lever position.
If the release lever is set to the upward position for the fanfold forms, this
button operates to park the fanfold forms to the backward position.
If the release lever is set to the downward position for the single sheets,
pressing this button ejects the paper.
This button has no effect if the optional pull tractor unit is mounted.
PITCH button
This button selects the print pitch that will be printed. Remember that the
printer must be off-line for you to do this. Successive presses of this button
will illuminate (and select) the following options in this order:
Pitch
Pica
Elite
Semi-condensed
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Proportional
Condensed proportional
1 Indicator(s)
10
CPI
10 CPI, 15 CPI
15 CPI
10 CPI, COND
10 CPI, 15 CPI, COND
PROP
COND, PROP
Holding down this button will cycle continuously between these options.
21
STYLE button
This button selects the font style to be printed. Courier style is always
selected at power-up. To change to one of the other styles, set the printer offline, then press the (~3)
button repeatedly until the indicators beside the
desired selection illuminate. The selections cycle in the following order:
Font style
Indicator(s)
Courier
Courier italic
Prestige
Prestige italic
Orator
Orator italic
script
Script italic
Option
Option italic
Draft
Draft italic
COURIER
COURIER, ITALIC
COURIER, ORATOR
COURIER, ORATOR, ITALIC
ORATOR
ORATOR, ITALIC
ORATOR, OPTION
ORATOR, OPTION, ITALIC
OPTION
OPTION, ITALIC
(all indicators off)
ITALIC
Holding down this button will cycle continuously between these options.
The font style can also be selected by printer commands given in Chapter 4.
POWER-UP FUNCTIONS
In addition to their normal functions, all the control panel buttons have
special functions that operate if you hold them down while switching power
on.
0
MICRO FEED
POWER
I
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Long test
Short test
Print area test
Stay in panel style
Stay in pAe1 Fbitch
igufe 2-2. Power-up functions of control panel
If the printer is turned on while the ( ON LINE ) button is pressed, the
printer will enter the short self-test mode. The printer will start printing as
soon as the ( ON LINE ) button is released, and will print the version
number of the printer’s ROM, followed by six lines of the character set.
Each line will be offset by one character from the one before it. The final
result will be something like the following.
I
Figure 2-3. Short self-test
Since the test print occupies the whole width of the carriage, it is recommended that the printer is loaded with continuous stationery to avoid
possible damage to the print head and/or platen.
23
Long test mode
If the printer is turned on while the (PAPER FEED] button is pressed, the
printer will enter the long self-test mode. The printer will start printing as
soon as the (PAPER FEED) button is released, and will print the version
number of the printer’s ROM, followed by the whole character set printed
in each font styles and pitch available.
The test cycles endlessly. To stop the test you must switch power off.
Since the test print occupies the whole width of the carriage, it is recommended that the printer is loaded with continuous stationery to avoid
possible damage to the print head and/orplaten. In addition, the total number
of lines printed is considerable, more than can be accomodated on a single
sheet, so fanfold paper is certainly suggested for this test.
Print area test mode
If you want to know how many lines on your paper can be printed, try to run
Ibutton down during powerthis print area test. By holding the C SE&!!lgCT
up, the printer will enter the print area test mode. The printer will print the
first line message, then prints the last line message on your single sheet after
feeding the paper to the bottom of the paper.
If you have loaded the fanfold paper, the printer shows only the first line.
Stay in panel pitch
By holding the (PITCH)button down during power-up, you can prevent
software Interference with the print pitch selected from the control panel.
You will hear an acknowledging beep as power comes on.
After the beep tone, you can set the printer off-line, select a print pitch, then
return to on-line and start printing. The pitch you selected will not be reset
or otherwise changed by any commands your software may issue.
24
-
Stay in panel style
If held down during power-up, the (STYLE)button prevents software interference with the font style selected from the control panel. There will be an
acknowledging beep, after which you can set the printer off-line, select a
font style, then return to the on-line state and start printing. The selected font
style will not be changed by any commands sent by software.
Stay in panel pitch and style
If you want to protect both the pitch and font style settings from software
changes, press the (PITcHJand (S31 buttons during power-up. There will
be a little long acknowledging beep.
Pressing these buttons during power-up does not prevent you from making
any number of changes later from the control panel.
Hexadecimal dump
This feature is useful for programmers who are debugging printing programs and want to see the actual codes the printer is receiving. (Some
computers change the codes the programmer intended.)
In this mode, all received data will bc printed in a hexadecimal dump format,
rather than the control codes being acted on as command codes.
This mode is accessed with the following procedure:
1. Holding both the (PAPER FEED) and ( sE;5!~CT ) buttons down, turn
,power ON. A beep tone will be heard.
2. Start printing. In place of the usual printout you will get a formatted
dump showing exactly what data the printer receives. Each line presents
sixteen characters, their hexadecimal codes to the left and printable
characters printed on the right.
3. At the end of the hexadecimal dump, set the printer off-line with the
( ON LINE Ibutton. This is necessary to print the last line.
25
The following BASIC program is a simple test you can run in hexadecimal
mode:
10
20
30
40
50
FOR I=0 TO 255
LPRINT CHR$(I);
NEXT I
LPRINT
END
If your system passes the codes directly to the printer without changing
them, you will get a printout like Figure 2-4.
10001 0:
IU
“0
3 i,
40
5IJ
<,U
/u
>u
"0
1,
21
31
41
51
61
1,
81
ii,
12
22
;,i
42
31
bi
TL
3:
9~
to:, 04
t> 14
23 24
33 34
4j 44
53 54
o- 04
7: 74
5. ,,4
4.' 911
05
15
25
35
45
55
05
75
65
31
06
16
26
3b
4b
5b
db
'b
bb
9b
A !I
b0
Iii
0u
A /
KI
L I
u I
A;
62
1,:
ClL
A.<
6:
22
u3
A5
85
(1'j
0 '>
Ab A7
Kb 87
ib 27
0b u7
ii
t,
1.~ 14
Fi t 4
E5
iz
t6
F?
i-1, il
I!/ il
!lil ou
A4
K4
IL4
L'4
07
17
27
37
47
5'
d!
7'
si
9:
t '
17
Figure 2-4. Sample hexadecimal
06
16
28
36
48
5h
b8
76
66
"S
At,
86
i8
Da
CS
l-b
09
19
29
39
49
59
69
7!1
8~
9"
AF
6'1
c9
09
E3
Fr
OA
1A.
2A
3A
4A
SA
6A
/A
SA
9A
AA
BA
cA
UA
EA
FA
OB
Ifi
LB
36
48
5h
66
'Fr
HH
96
OC
1C
2C
3C
4C
5i
6C
'C
oC
91;
OD
ID
2D
3D
40
5Lj
6U
'0
:60
9~1
Ot
It
2E
3E
4E
5E
6E
/E
8E
9L
OF
1F
2F
3F
4F
SF
OF
7F
8F
9F
A6
Bti
I:L:
DB
AC
bi
cc
DC
[email protected]
BD
I:D
DO
AE
BE
cE
Dt
AF
E;F
2F
DF
tLi EE
FL1 FE
F.F
FF
EE EC
Ft: FL
_....,..
!"#$I&'
01234567
@ARCDEFG
PORSTUVW
abcdefg
pqrstuvw
o*+,-./
89::1=>?
HIJKLMNO
XYZ[\]'hijklmno
xyzc 1)'
_......,
dump
Most BASICS, however, are not quite that straightforward. For example, the
IBM-PC prints the following.
!III III 11‘- 0:
lik ,I, 1, (I
?il :I
: IJ
I
4 !I 4 I
5i.r 5 ,
$,I, t 1
w
II
61, 61
4 Ii ii,
PU Al
80 ii1
(,I1 1.1
0 u L1
i/J t I
F~0 F
ou
NJ: Ot
14 15
2.5 14
:,i 54
4;1 44
‘1 54
iif. 804
'3 74
Li', Lb
3, 30
45 40
55 5b
0: bb
75 !o
SC 52 Fj4 ! 5 3 b
I)‘ 93 94 95 9b
A, A
A4 A', Ab
6; 6: h4 Rti Bb
i,,, t..',
04 1:5 Cb
II‘ " ' 114 U 5 0 b
tL EC 114 t-i tb
k < r- : i4 F5 F6
01
lb
08
17
0~
lb
27
27
47
: ,'
b'
7.'
26
18
48
53
b8
76
68
98
Ab
I38
1.8
Cl8
E8
b8
;(I
39
49
5'4
611
79
6~
99
A'i
635
C9
D'?
E'3
F9
rj’7
9!
Ai
8'
0,'
tl/'
EJ
FI
UA
19
LA
3A
4A
5A
bA
-JA
6A
9A
AA
&A
CA
IJA
EA
FA
(It, 01: UU IOA DE
It IC IC' lE li
LB LC
3ti 3i
48 4L
Sample hexadecimal
2b
30
40
2E ;‘F
3E. SF
4E 4F
St, 5i SLI Sk 5F
6B bL
/E 7C
SE. 'SC
96 9C
Ate AC
RK BC
CR Cc,
OK Oi
EB EC
FE: FC
UC
Figun,2-5.
26
ic
Zi‘
4L
5:
bC
i:
04
I;
dump with IBM-PC
611 6E
70 iE
80 8t
90 9E
AL! AE
E>LI BE
CD CE
DI.1 DE
ED EE
FD Ft
6F
7F
8F
5F
AF
8F
CF
UF
EF
FF
!"#$%&'
01234567
@ARCDEFG
FORSTUVW
abcdefg
pqrstuvw
.
,....
,.,.....
,.......
()'f,-./
89: ;.:=a?
HIJKLMNO
XYi[\]
hijklmno
xyz{I)’
When the IBM-PC BASIC interpreter sends hex code OD (carriage return)
it adds an extra hex OA (line feed). Hex code 1A (end-of-file) also gets
special treatment: the interpreter does not send it at all. This can cause
problems that generate graphics or download character data, but there is a
solution. Try changing line 20 in the preceding program and adding the
coding shown below.
Coding for IBM-PC with monochrome display:
20 GOSUB 100
100 O=INP(&H379)
110 OUT &H378,1
120 RETURN
:IF 0<128
THEN 100
:OUT &H37A,4
:OUT &H37A, 5
Coding for IBM-PC with color adapter:
20 GOSUB 100
100 O=INP(&H3BD)
110 OUT &H3BC,I
120 RETURN
:IF 0<128
THEN 100
:OUT &H3BE, 5
:OUT &H3BE, 4
27
SWITCH COMBINATION FUNCTIONS
Several additional functions can be obtained by pressing the control panel
buttons in combinations,
Top of form
Clearing the buffer
If you are using single sheets, this operation ejects the current page. If you
are using fanfold forms, it feeds to the top of the next page.
1. PreSS the ( ON LINE ] button to set the printer off-line.
2. Pressthe (PAPER FEED) button and hold it down. The printer will start
performing successive line feeds.
3. Still holding the (PAPER FEED) button down, press the ( ON LINE )
button, then release both buttons. The printer will smoothly eject the
current page.
Top of form
When you turn on printer power, the top-of-form position is automatically
set to the current position. If this is not where you want the top of the page
to be, you can change the top-of-form position as follows.
1. Press the( ON LINE )button to set the printer off-line.
2. Move the paper to the desired top-of-form position by pressing the
(PAPER FEED) button, orby performing a forward or reverse micro-feed.
3. Press and hold the ( ON LINE 1 button.
4. Press and hold the (PITCH)button.
5. Release both buttons at the same time. The printer will beep to indicate
that the top-of-form position has been set.
Forward micro-feed
For fine alignment, you can feed the paper forward in very small increments
as follows:
1. Press the ( ON LINE 1 button Loset the printer off-line.
2. Press the ( ON LINE ) button again and hold it down.
3. Press the (PAPER FEED) button. The paper will start advancing in a series
of small steps. When you want to stop, release both buttons.
Reverse micro-feed
You can also feed the paper in small increments in reverse, to return to a
higher position on the same page.
c
Not’e:With fanfold forms, do not try to return to a previous page. The perforation may catch inside the printer.
Press the C ON LINE 1 button lo set the printer off-line.
Press the ( ON LINE > button again and hold it down.
3. Press the ( SF&E&CT) button. The paper will start moving backwards
in a series of small steps. When you want to stop, release both buttons.
1.
2.
Clearing the buffer
When DIP switch 2-l is ON, the printer stores received data in a large
memory buffer. This creates a problem when you want to abandon a printing
job and restart: the printer may be holding much more data in its buffer than
it has actually printed, and this unprinted data must be cleared out before
restarting. Turning power off is one way to clear the buffer, but there is
another way:
1. Halt the printing program on the computer. If printing stops immediately, the buffer is clear and the rest of this procedure is unnecessary. If
printing does not stop, continue as follows:
2. Press the ( ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line. Printing will
now stop, but there may be data remaining in the buffer.
3. Press and hold the ( ON LINE ) button.
4. Press and hold the (SZKiZ)button. Continue holding these two buttons
down. In about three seconds you will hear a beep tone signaling that the
buffer has been cleared.
5. Release these buttons, make any necessary control panel settings, then
set the printer back on-line.
It is essential to halt the printing program on the computer before you go offline. Otherwise, when you go back on-lint the computer will start sending
data again and the printer will continue printing, with missing data where the
buffer was cleared.
30
Chapter 3
D/P SWITCH SETTINGS
The bank of DIP (Dual In-line Package) switches inside the printer is used
for various functions.
This chapter explains where the DIP switches are located, and how to use
them.
LOCATION OF THE DIP SWITCHES
When you remove the printer’s cover and look inside, you will see on the
green board at the bottom of the printer two groups of small white switches
marked DSWl and DSW2. These arc the printer’s DIP switches. DSWl has
eight switches, named 1-l to l-8 from Icft to right. DSW2 has eight switches
named 2-l to 2-8.
I
Figure3-1. DIP swtches
For all switches, the ON position is towards the back of the printer and the
OFF position is towards the front. To set a DIP switch, use a ballpoint pen
or other small implement to move the switch to the ON or OFF position.
The printer’s power should be off when you set the DIP switches. Settings
made while power is on do not take effect until power is switched off, then
on again, because the printer reads the DIP switches only at power-up.
31
FUNCTIONS OF THE DIP SWITCHES
The printer is delivered with all DIP switch set to the ON position. These are
the standard settings. By changing the settings, you can alter various printer
functions to match your requirements. The following questions will help
you make the right settings.
International character set
Font style and pitch selection
Switch l-l:
Is the page length of your paper 11 inches or 12 inches?
Leave this switch ON if you will be using 11-inch forms. Move it to the OFF
position if you will be using 12-inch forms.
Switch 1-2: Do you want an automatic carriage return?
Leave this switch ON. The printer will automatically perform a carriage
return by moving to the left margin at each line feed. Even if your software
sends a separate carriage-return code, an extra carriage return does no harm
because two consecutive carriage returns are the same as one. Very few programs require this switch to be OFF.
32
Switch l-3: Do you want a bottom margin?
Leave this switch ON if you do not want to set the bottom margin. Move it
to the OFF position if you want to set the bottom margin to the l-inch.
Switch 1-4: Are you going to use the automatic sheet feeder (ASF)?
To use the automatic sheet feeder, move this switch to the OFF position.
Otherwise leave it ON.
Switch 1-5: Do you want the printer to stop printing at the end of the paper,
or to keep printing?
Leave this switch ON except when you need to print very close to the end
of the paper. When this switch is OFF the printer ignores the paper-out
detector and prints down to (and beyond) the bottom edge.
Switch 1-6: Do you want to use the printer in standard mode or IBMmode?
Select the mode compatible with your computer and software. In standard
mode the printer operates like the Epson LQ-1050. In IBM mode it operates
like the IBM Proprinter XL24. The ON position selects standard mode. The
OFF position selects IBM mode.
Switch 1-7: The action of this switch depends on the mode chosen with
switch l-6.
If you selected standard mode, do you want italics or graphic charactes?
Leave this switch ON to print italics in the standard character set. If you set
this switch to the OFF position, in place of italics you will get the graphic
characters, international characters, and mathematical symbols of IBM
character set #2. See Chapter 9, character codes 128 to 254.
If you selected IBM mode, do you want IBM character set #l or #2?
ON selects character set #2, which is for computers with an 8-bit interface
(the most common kind). OFF selects character set #l, for computers with
a 7-bit interface.
33
Switch 1-8: Do you want an automatic line feed?
If you leave this switch at the ON position, a separate line-feed code is
required to obtain a line feed.
If you move this switch to the OFF position, the printer performs both a
carriage return and line feed each time it receives a carriage-return code.
Most computer systems send a line feed code, or both a carriage return and
line feed, at the end of each line, so this switch should be left ON.
If you get double line spacing when you expect single spacing, or if lines
overprint each other, try changing the setting of this switch.
Switch 2-1: Does your software download new characters to the printer?
To download characters this switch must be OFF. The printer then uses its
RAM memory for storing character patterns and provides only a one-line
print buffer. If you leave this switch ON the printer uses its RAM memory
as an input buffer, allowing the computer to send data faster than the printer
prints.
Switches 2-2 to 2-4: Do you want an international character set?
International character sets differ in their assignment of 14 character codes.
See the character tables at the back of this manual. With the DIP switches
you can select one of eight character sets as follows:
* Denmark/Norway when switch l-6 .is OFF and switch l-7 is ON.
Switches 2-5 to 2-7: What font style and print pitch do you want?
You can select the default font style and print pitch by setting these switches
as shown next.
34
I
Switch 2-8: Which type of printing area format do you want to use for single
sheets?
This printer can use two types of printing area format for single sheets. By
putting the switch ON (“A type”), the top of the first line of printing will start
to one inch from the top of the paper, and the printed area will end to print
6 mm from the bottom of the paper.
By putting the swich OFF (“B type”), the top of the first line of printing will
start l/6 inch from the top of the paper, and the printed area will end l/3 inch
from the bottom of the paper.
-.
MEMO
36
chapter 4
PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
The printer has two emulation modes: Standard mode and IBM mode.
In standard mode, the printer emulates the functions of the Epson LQ-1050.
In IBM mode, the printer emulates the IBM Proprinter XL24. Additional
command codes are included as a superset of these emulations.
The emulation is changed by means of DIP switch l-6. When ON, the printer
will be in standard mode, and when OFF, the printer will be in IBM
emulation mode (see Chapter 3). It is not possible to change the emulation
mode by means of software control or the front control panel.
This chapter describes the printer’s control commands. Some commands are
common to both the standard and IBM modes. In the descriptions of the commands, all commands will be given by function. The name of each command
is followed by a table like the one below:
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“x”
<ESC>
“XI’ <l>
“1”
Hexadecimal
27 120 49
1B
70 31
27 120
1B
78 01
1
Mode:
Indicates the mode in which the command is recognized.
Std. Standard mode (DIP switch l-6 on)
IBM IBM mode (DIP switch l-6 off)
Both Both standard and IBM modes
ASCII:
Indicates the ASCII coding of the command.
Control characters are enclosed in pointed brackets: For example, <O> means character code 0.
Decimal:
Gives the command in decimal character codes.
Hexadecimal:
Gives the command in hexadecimal character
codes.
Parameters for which values must be supplied are indicated by italic letters
such as n.
Many commands have alternative forms. Some commands use <ES3
(character code 27) in Standard mode and cFS> (character code 28) in IBM
mode. Other commands have parameters that can be specified as either
character codes or digit characters, like the parameter 1 in the sample
command above.
FONT CONTROL COMMANDS
Select draft quality characters
Mode
ASCII
&(.I 46
Both
L‘( “
Decimal
“F’
‘.),,
<ESC>
“x”
<ESC>
“X” co>
,.).,
“0”
-y
Hexadecimal
40 40 70 41 41 57
28 28 48 29 29 3
27 120 48
16
78 30
27 120
16
78 00
0
--
Changes from letter quality to draft quality. Ignored if the (STYLE)
button was pressed during power-up.
Select LQ characters
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
“x0
“1”
<ESC>
‘Ix” cl>
Hexadecimal
27 120 49
10
78 31
27 120
1B
78 01
1
Changes from draft quality to letter quality. The initial font style is
Courier unless a different style has been selected by a preceding
command. Ignored if the (m)
button was pressed during powerUP-
Select LQ font style
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“k”
fl’
27 107
n
1B 6B
n
<FS>
“C”
n
28 67
n
1C
n
Std.
Decimal
Hexadecimal
43
-
Selects an LQ font style according to the value of n. In draft mode,
this command remains dormant and takes effect later when LQ is
selected by cESC> “x” 1. Ignored if the (STYLE)button was pressed
during power-up.
38
-
n
0
1
2
3
4
Font style
Courier (initial value)
Optional font
Prestige
Orator
script
Select Courier characters
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
“(”
“(.’
“F”
“)”
“)”
Hexadecimal
40 40 70 41 41 48
“0”
28 28 46 29 29 30
Changes to the Courier font. Ignored if the (STYLE)button was
pressed during power-up.
Select Optional characters
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
“(”
“(”
“F”
“)”
“)”
“1”
Hexadecimal
40 40 70 41 41 49
28 28 46 29 29 31
Changes to the Optional font. Ignored if the (m)
pressed during power-up.
button was
Select Prestige characters
IMode 1
I
Both
1
Decimal
L
ASCII
“(”
“(”
“F”
“)”
“)“
“2”
40 40 70 41 41 50
1
1
Hexadecimal
1
28 28 46 29 29 32
Changes to the Prestige font. Ignored if the (STYLE)button was
pressed during power-up.
Select Ora for characters
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
“(”
“(”
“F”
‘I)”
I‘)”
"3"
40 40 70 41 41 51
Hexadecimal
28 28 46 29 29 33
Changes to the Orator font. Ignored if the (STYLE) button was
pressed during power-up.
39
Select Script characters
IMode 1
1 Both
1
ASCII
“(..
“(”
1 Decimal
“F’
“)”
“)”
1
Hexadecimal
1
"4" 1 40 40 70 41 41 52 1 28 28 46 29 29 34 1
Changes to the Script font. Ignored if the (STYLE)button was pressed
during power-up.
Select italic characters
Mode
Both
ASCII
“(”
Decimal
“(”
“I”
“)”
“)”
“1”
Hexadecimal
40 40 73 41 41 49
28 28 49 29 29 31
1B
Std.
<ESC>
“4”
27 52
1 IBM I
<FS>
“4”
1 28 52
34
I IC 34
1
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in italics. Ignored if the
@iTEE) button was pressed during power-up.
Select upright characters
Mode
Both
ASCII
“(,‘
“(.‘
Decimal
“I”
“)”
“)”
“0”
Hexadecimal
40 40 73 41 41 48
28 28 49 29 29 30
Std.
cESC>
“5”
27 53
1B
35
IBM
<FS>
“5”
28 53
1c
35
Stops italic printing and causes subsequent characters to be printed
upright. Ignored if the (m)button
was pressed during power-up.
Select ornament cha tatter
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
“q”
n
27
113 n
Hexadecimal
1B
71
n
Selects an ornament character according to the value of n.
n
0
1
2
3
Character
Normal
Outlined
Shadow
Outlined with shadow
__
Emphasized printing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
27 69
“E”
1B
45
Causes subsequent characters to be emphasized by adding extra
thickness to vertical strokes.
Cancel emphasized printing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
27
“F
1B
70
46
Cancels emphasized printing.
Double-s trike printing
Mode
Both
cESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
6,(‘1 6‘(4‘
“B”
“y,
“),,
“1”
“G”
40 40 66 41 41 49
28 28 42 29 29 31
27
1B
71
47
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in double-strike mode
with a slight vertical paper motion in between, causing a thickening
of horizontal strokes.
Cancel double-strike printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
‘I (‘6
“ ( 6‘
<ESC>
‘,B”
“),,
“)”
“0"
“IT’
Hexadecimal
40 40 66 41 41 40
28 28 42 29 29 30
27
1B
72
40
Cancels double-strike printing.
Start underlining
I c“P’
IMode 1
\
Y"UL
Roth
‘1
(
I‘
,,
1
1 Decimal
ASCII
-
9.
“
<ESC>
"-"
"1"
<ESC>
‘I-" cl>
)
99
‘6
)
11
“1”
Hexadecimal/
40 40 45 41 41 49
28 28 2D 29 29 31
27 45 49
18 2D
31
27 45
1B 2D
01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be underlined. IBM block graphics
characters and spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are not
underlined.
41
Stop underlining
Mode
‘I (‘I
Both
Decimal
ASCII
‘6(6‘
<ESC>
<ESC>
.,->.
“)”
“-” “0”
“-I’ <O>
“)..
“0”
Hexadecimal
40 40 45 41 41 40
20 20 20 29 29 30
27 45 48
1B 2D
30
27 45
0
lB 2D
00
27 95 49
1B 5F
31
27 95
18 5F
01
Stops underlining.
Start 0 verlining
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC> “ _ “ “1”
<ESC> “p” cl>
Hexadecimal
1
Causes subsequent characters to be overlined. Spaces skipped by
horizontal tabulation are not overlined.
Stop 0 verlining
Mode
Both
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
<ESC> ‘I_ “ “0”
<ESC> “ _ “ <0>
27 95 48
1B
5F
30
27 95
1B 5F
00
0
Stops overlining.
Superscript
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“S” “0”
27 03 40
1B
53 30
<ESC>
“S” <0>
27 93
1B
53 00
0
Causes subsequent characters to be printed as superscripts. Does not
change the character pitch.
Subscript
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
<ESC>
Decimal
“S” “1”
“S” cl>
Hexadecimal
27 03 49
1B
53 31
27 03
18
53 01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be printed as subscripts. Does not
change the character pitch.
42
Cancel superscript or subscript
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
‘T”
27
84
Hexadecimal
1B
54
Stops printing superscripts or subscripts and returns to normal
printing.
CHARACTER SET COMMANDS
Select standard character set
Selects the standard character set. This is the power-up default in
Standard mode if DIP switch l-7 is ON.
Select IBM character set
Selects an IBM character set. This is the power-up default in IBM
mode.
Select character set #l
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“7”
27 55
Hexadecimal
1B
37
Selects character set #l.
43
Select character set #2
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
27 54
“6”
Hexadecimal
1B
36
Selects character set #2.
Select international character set
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cESC>
cFS>
IBM
Decimal
Hexadecimal
“R”
n
27 02
n
18
52
II
“R”
II
20 02
n
1C
52
II
.-
Selects an international character set according to the value of n.
n
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Character set
U.S.A
France
Germany
England
Denmark1
Sweden
Italy
n
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Character set
Spain I
Japan
Norway
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Denmark/Norway
The first eight of these character sets (from U.S.A. to Spain I) can
be selected as power-up defaults by DIP switches 2-2 to 2-4.
Enable printing of all character codes
1
Mode
ASCII
IBM
cESC>
Decimal
‘Y’
nl
n2
27 92
nl n2
Hexadecimal
1B 5C nl n2
Enables printing of all characters in the IBM character set, including
those assigned to character codes which are normally considered
control codes. This command remains in effect for the next nl + n2
x 256 characters, where nl and n2 are numbers between 0 and 255.
During this interval no control functions are executed. If a code with
no assigned character is received, the printer prints a space.
44
-
__
-
Enable printing of all character codes on next
character
IMode 1
ASCII
1 IBM 1 <ESC>
!
‘In,”
Decimal
1
1 27 94
Hexadecimal
1
I
1 1B 5E
This command operates like <ESC> ‘T’ except that it remains in
effect for only one character.
Select slash zero
IMode I
Both
ASCII
I
Decimal
I
Hexadecimal
&SC>
“ _ ” “1”
1 27 126 49
1 1B 7E
31
<ESC>
“ - 6’ <l>
127126
1 1B 7E
01
1
I
Causes subsequent zero characters to be overprinted with a slash
(0).
Select normal zero
(Mode 1
ASCII
1 Decimal
<ESC>
6‘_ “ ,‘0 33
<ESC>
“ ,.. ” <o>
1
27 126 48
127126
0
Hexadecimal
1B 7E
IlB
7E
I
30
00
Causes subsequent zero characters to be printed normally (0),
without a slash.
CHARACTER SIZE AND PITCH COMMANDS
Pica pitch
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
IBM
<JxY2>
Decimal
“F”’
Hexadecimal
27 80
1B
18
12
50
In Standard mode, changes from either elite or semi-condensed to
pica pitch (10 cpi) or from condensed elite to condensed pica (17
cpi). In IBM mode, changes from either elite or condensed to pica
(10 cpi). Ignored if the(FiTGl]button was pressed during power-up.
45
Elite pitch
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Both
<ESC> “M”
27 77
1B 4D
IBM
cESC>
27 50
1B 3A
“:”
In Standard mode, changes from either pica or semi-condensed to
elite pitch (12 cpi) or from condensed pica to condensed elite (20
cpi). In IBM mode, changes from either pica or condensed to elite
(12 cpi). Ignored if the(ii)bu
was pressed during power-up.
High-speed elite pitch
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cFS>
<FS>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
20 a3 49
20 a3 I
“S” “1”
“s” Cl>
1c
63 31
1c
63 01
Selects high-speed draft quality with elite pitch. This command becomes effective only after the draft quality and elite pitch have been
selected.
High-density elite pitch
Mode
ASCII
std.
<FS>
“S” “0”
Decimal
<FS>
“s” co>
Hexadecimal
1c 53 ‘30
20 a3 40
20 a3 0
1c
53 00
Selects high-density draft quality with elite pitch. This command
becomes effective only after the draft quality and elite pitch have
been selected.
Seim-condensed pitch
/Model
,1
ASCII
1 Std. 1 <ESC>
“g”
Decimal
1 27 103
1
Hexadecimal
1 18
67
Changes from either pica or elite to semi-condensed pitch (15 cpi).
Ignored if the (PITCH)buttom was pressed during power-up.
46
1
I
Condensed printing
IMode
I
Both
ASCII
I
<Sb
1 15
<ESC>
Decimal
1 27
<Sb
/
Hexadecimal
1
1 OF
15
1 1B OF
In Standard mode, changes from pica to condensed pica (17 cpi) or
from elite to condensed elite (20 cpi). In IBM mode, changes from
either pica or elite to condensed (17 cpi). Ignored if the (FiEFi)
button was pressed during power-up.
Cancel condensed printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
10
<Dc2>
12
In Standard mode, changes from condensed pica to normal pica or
from condensed elite to normal elite. In IBMmode, always changes
to normal pica. Ignored if the (PITCH)button was pressed during
power-up.
Expanded printing
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“w”
“1”
27 07 49
1B
57 31
<ESC>
“w”
cl>
27 07
1B
57 01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be expanded to double width.
Cancel expanded printing
Mode
Both -
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
“W” “0”
27
<ESC>
“w”
27 07
<O>
Hexadecimal
87 40
0
1B
57 30
1B
57 00
Stops expanded printing and returns to normal width.
47
-
Expanded printing for one line
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
14
<so>
<ESC> <SO>
27
OE
14
18
OE
Causes subsequent characters in the current line to be expanded to
double width. Characters return to normal width after the next line
feed (<LF>). The <DC4>, <VT>, <FF>, and cESC> “w” 0 commands also cancel expanded printing.
Cancel one-line expanded printing
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
20
<Dc4>
14
Stops one-line expanded printing set with <SO> or <ES0
Does not cancel <ESC> “W” 1.
<SO>.
Select character width
IMode 1
ASCII
std. I
<FS>
1 Decimal
I
“I?’
n
I 20
69
1
I
n
Hexadecimal
IlC
45
1
n
Selects a character width according to the value of n as shown
below.
n
0
1
2
Character width
Normal-wide
Double-wide
Triple-wide
Select proportional spacing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
IBM
Decimal
Hexadecimal
“p” “1”
“p” cl>
27 112 49
1B
70 31
cESC>
27 112
1
1B
70 01
<ESC>
“p” cl>
27 00
1
1B
50 01
Causes subsequent characters to be proportionally spaced. Ignored
if the (m)button
was pressed during power-up.
48
Select fixed spacing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
<ES&
1 IBM 1 cESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
“p” ‘VI”
27 112 40
1B
70 30
“D” co>
27 112
0
1B
70 00
“P”
<O>
12780
0
IlB
50 00
Causes subsequent characters to be printed with fixed character
spacing. Ignored if the(piTR)button was pressed during power-up.
Select master print mode
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Decimal
“!”
27 33
n
Hexadecimal
n
1B
21
n
Selects a combined print mode according to the value of n. The
value of n is the sum of the values given below for the desired characteristics.
Examples: n = 1 gives elite; n = 9 (1 + 8) gives emphasized elite; n
= 137 (1 + 8 + 128) gives underlined emphasized elite.
Function
Underline
Italic [*l]
Expanded
Double strike
Emphasized
Condensed [*2]
Proportional [*2]
Elite [*2]
n value
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
[*l] Ignored if the (mlbutton
was pressed during power-up.
[*2] Ignored if the (PITCH)button was pressed during power-up.
Increase character spacing
Mode
Std.
ASCII
<ES&
Hexadecimal
Decimal
<SP>
n
27 32
n
1B
20
n
Increases the space between characters by n dots, where n is a
number from 0 to 127. Used in microjustification.
49
Select double or quadruple size
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“Y
27 104
n
Hexadecimal
n
IlB
69
n
Selects the size of subsequent characters as shown below. Extrahigh characters align along the cap-line of normal characters, with
the base line temporarily moving down. Line spacing is temporarily
doubled when n = 1 and quadrupled when n = 2.
n
0
1
2
Effect
Normal size
Double-high, double-wide
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide
Select character size
(Mode 1
I
Boti
1
I
ASCII
,,(,,
.&(&,
,,s,.
,.),,
,,>,,
n
i
I
Decimal
I
40 40 03 41 41 n
I
Hexadecimal
20 20 53 29 29 n
Selects a combination of character height and width according to the
value of n, as below. Does not move the base line.
n
0
1
2
3
Character height
Single height
Single height
Double height
Double height
Character width
Single width
Double width
Single width
Double width
Print double-height characters
IMode I
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
cESC>
<FS>
<FS>
std.
I
“w”
“w”
“V”
“v”
“1”
<l>
“1”
<l>
I
Decimal
27 119 49
27 119
Hexadecimal
1B
77 31
1
1B
77 01
20 a6 49
20 a6 i
1c
56 31
ic
56 01
Prints subsequent characters at double height without moving the
base line, and without changing the line spacing.
50
1
-_
-
Return to normal height
Mode
Both
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“w”
<ESC>
“0”
Hexadecimal
27 119 40
18
1B
“w” <O>
27 119
<FS>
“v”
20 86 48
<FS>
“V” co>
“0”
12886
1
0
77 30
77 00
56 30
0
pc
IIC
56 00
I
Terminates double-height printing and prints subsequent characters
at normal height.
Select character height, width, and line spacing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
I’[” “@”
cO>
CO>
<4>
n
<O>
m
27
0
91 64
4
0
nm
Hexadecimal
0
18 58
0000
40
04 00
nm
Selects a combination of character height, width, and line spacing
according to the value of n and RI,as below. Does not move the base
line.
n
Line spacing
Character height
0
1
2
16
17
18
32
33
34
Unchanged
Unchanged
Unchanged
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
m
1
2
Character width
Single width (same as cESC> “W” 0)
Double width (same as cESC> “W” 1)
51
Select character type and print pitch
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
“I”
n
27
73 n
Hexadecimal
1B 49
n
Selects a combination of character type and print pitch according to
the value of II as shown below.
n
0
8
16
2
10
18
3
4
12
20
6
14
22
7
Character type
Resident Draft
Resident Draft
Resident Draft
Resident LQ
Resident LQ
Resident LQ
Resident LQ
Download Draft
Download Draft
Download Draft
Download LQ
Download LQ
Download LQ
Download LQ
Ignored if the (STYLE)and/or cm)
power-up.
Print pitch
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Proportional
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Proportional
button was pressed during
VERTICAL POSITION COMMANDS
Set line spacing to l/8 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
27 48
“0”
Hexadecimal
1B
30
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to l/8 inch.
Set line spacing to 7/60 or 7/72 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
1B
27 49
“I”
31
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to 7/60 inch (standard mode) or 7/22 inch (IBM mode).
Set line spacing to l/6 inch
Decimal
Mode
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Std.
<ESC>
“2”
27 50
18
32
IBM
<FS>
“2”
28 50
IC
32
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to l/6 inch.
Set
1 line spacing to n/360 inch
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
I‘+”
n
27 43
n
1B 28
n
<FS>
"3"
n
28 51
n
1c
n
33
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to n/360 inch, where n is between 0 and 255. If n=O,the linefeeds distance is set to 0.
53
Set base unit for line spacing
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
“[”
‘T’
CO>
<4>
CO>
<0>
n
27 91 92
<O>
0
Hexadecimal
4
0
18 58 5C
On0
00
04 00
oonocl
Sets the base unit for the line spacing commands, cESC> “3” and
cESC> “J”. If the value of n is 180, the base unit is set to l/l 80”. If
the value of n is 216, the base unit is set to l/216”. If otherwise
specified, this command is ignored. This command becomes effective only after &SC> “3” or <ESC> “J” is received. The default
base unit is set to l/216”.
Set line spacing to n/180 or n/216 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
"3"
n
27 51
n
Hexadecimal
1B
33
n
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to n/180 inch (standard mode) or n/216 inch, where n is
between 0 and 255. If n= 0, in Standard mode the line-feed distance
is set to 0, but in IBM mode this command is ignored.
Set line spacing to n/60 or nR2 inch
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
“A”
n
27 65
n
1B
IBM
<FS>
“A”
n
26 65
n
1C41
Decimal
Hexadecimal
41
n
n
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to n/60 inch (Standard mode) or n/72 inch (IBM mode), where
n is between 0 and 255. If n=O, the line spacing is set to 0.
Define line spacing to n/72 inch
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
_
54
Decimal
“A”
n
27 65
n
Hexadecimal
1B 41
n
Defines the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent
lines feeds to n/72 inch, where n is between 1 and 85. If n=O, this
command is ignored. The new line spacing does not take effect until
the next <ESC> “2” command.
--
Execute <ES&
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
“A”
Decimal
“2”
27
50
Hexadecimal
1B
32
Sets the line spacing to the value defined by the last preceding
<ES0 “A” command. Sets the line spacing to l/6 inch if there is
no preceding <ES0 “A” command.
Line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<LF>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
OA
10
Prints the current line and feeds the paper to the next line. If DIP
switch 1-2 is ON, also moves the next print position to the left
margin. See the preceding commands for the line spacing.
Reverse line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ES&
Decimal
<LF>
27
10
Hexadecimal
1B OA
Prints the current line and feeds the paper in the reverse direction to
the preceding line. If DIP switch l-2 is ON, also moves the next print
position to the left margin. See the preceding commands for the line
spacing. Ignored when friction feed is used.
Sleet forward feed mode
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<FS>
Decimal
“F’
20
70
Hexadecimal
1C
46
Cancels the reverse feed mode and selects forward feed mode. This
is the default setting at power-up.
Select reverse feed mode
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cFS>
Decimal
“R”
26 02
Hexadecimal
1C
52
Selects reverse feed mode. Reverses the direction of all vertical
movements. Ignored when friction feed is used.
55
Perform one n/180-inch or n/2164nch line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“J’
27 74
n
Hexadecimal
n
jlB4A
n
Feeds the paper once by n/180 inches (standard mode) or n/2 16
inches, where n is between 1 and 255. Does not move the print
position right or left when DIP switch l-2 is OFF. Does not change
the line-spacing setting.
Perform one n/216-inch reverse line feed
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
“‘j”
27106
n
Hexadecimal
IB 6A
n
n
Feeds the paper once by n/21 6 inches in the reverse direction, where
n is between 1 and 255. Does not move the print position right or left
when DP switch l-2 is OFF. Does not change me line-spacing
setting.
Feed paper n lines
Mode
Both -
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“f’
“1”
n
27 102 49
n
1B
66 31
n
<ESC>
“f’
<l>
n
27 102
n
18
66 01
n
1
Feeds the paper n lines from the current line, where n is between 0
and 127.
Set top of page at current position
Mode 1
ASCII
IBM 1 <ESC>
Decimal
“4”
1 27 52
Hexadecimal
1 1B
34
Sets the current position as the top-of-page position. Note that this
can also be done from the control panel.
56
Set page length to n lines
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“c”
n
27 67
1B
n
43
n
Sets the page length to n lines in the current line spacing, where n
is between 1 and 127 in Standard mode or between 1 and 255 in IBM
mode. Changing the line spacing later does not alter the physical
page length. The current line becomes the top of the page.
Set page length to n inches
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“C”
CO> n
27 67
0
n
lB4300
n
Sets the page length to n inches, where n is between 1 and 22 in
Standard mode or between 1 and 127 in IBM mode. The current line
becomes the top of the page.
Set top margin
Mode
Both
<ES6
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
“co
n
27 99
n
1B
63
n
Sets the top margin to nlines, where n is between 1 and 255. Printing
begins on the nth line on the page. The power-up default is n = 1,
giving no top margin.
Set bottom margin
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“N”
n
27
78
n
1B 4E
n
Sets the,bottom margin to n lines, where n is between 1 and 127 in
Standard mode or between 1 and 255 in IBM mode. The bottom
margin is reset when you change the page length.
Cancel top and bottom margins
IModel
ASCII
1 Both 1 <ES&
1
“0”
Decimal
1 27 79
1
Hexadecimal
1 1B 4F
1
I
Cancels both the top margin and the bottom margin.
Form feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<FF>
Decimal
12
Hexadecimal
oc
Feeds the paper to the top of the next page according to the current
page length, and moves the print position to the left margin. When
the automatic sheet feeder (ASF) is selected (DIP switch l-4 is
OFF), this command ejects the current page.
Return to top of current page
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
cFF>
27 12
Hexadecimal
1B OC
Feeds the paper backward to the top of the current page. Ignored
when friction feed is used.
Disable paper-out detector
Mode
ASCII
Both
--tESC>
Decimal
“8”
27 56
Hexadecimal
1B
38
Causes the printer to disregard the signal sent by the paper-out
detector, enabling printing to the bottom of the paper. Overrides the
setting of DIP switch l-5.
Enable paper-out detector
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“9”
27 57
Hexadecimal
1B
39
Causes the printer to stop printing before the end of the paper.
Overrides the setting of DIP switch l-5.
58
-
Set vertical tab stops
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“B”
nl
n2
...
CO>
Hexadecimal
27 66 nl n2 ...
1B 42 nl n2 ... 00
0
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new vertical tab stops
at lines nl, n2, etc., where nl, n2, etc. am numbers between 1 and
255. A maximum of 16 vertical tab stops can be set. The tab stops
must be specified in ascending order, any violation of ascending
order terminates the tab stop list. Standard termination is by the <O>
control code. The vertical tab stops are set in terms of the current line
spacing and do not move if the line spacing is changed later.
Set vertical tab stops evetyn lines
IMode 1
Both
ASCII
I
Decimal
1
Hexadecimal
cESC>
“e”
“1”
n
1 27 101 49
n
18
66 31
n
<ESC>
“e”
cl>
n
1 27 101
n
18
65 01
n
1
1
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new tab stops every n
lines, where n is between 1 and 127.
Set vertical tab stops in channel
Mode
Both
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
“b’
n0
n2
Hexadecimal
27 98 n0 nl
nl
.. .
co>
n2
1B
.. . 0
62 n0 nl
n2 .. . 00
Cancels all current vertical tab stops in channel n0, (where n0 is
between 0 and ‘7)and sets new vertical tab stops in this channel. (A
channel is a set of vertical tab stops selected by the &SC> ‘T
command.) See <ES0 “B” for parameters nl, n2, ... CO>.
Select vertical tab channel
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
**r- no
27 47
n
18 2F n0
Selects a set of vertical tab stops designated by a channel number
(no) from 0 to 7. The tab stops in each channel are set by <ES0 “b”.
59
Vertical tab
Mode
ASCII
Both
<VT>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
11
OB
Feeds the paper to the next vertical tab stop and moves the print
position to the left margin. Performs a line feed if no vertical tabs are
set, as at power-up. Feeds to the top of the next page if vertical tabs
are set but the current line is at or below the last vertical tab stop.
HORIZONTAL POSITION COMMANDS
Set left margin
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“1”
n
27 108
n
1B 6C
n
Sets the left margin at column n (where n is between 0 and 255) in
the current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional spacing is
selected). The left margin does not move if the character pitch is
changed later. The left margin must be at least two columns to the
left of the right margin and within the limits below:
Pica
Elite
Semi-condensed
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Expanded pica
Expanded elite
Expanded semi-condensed
Expanded condensed pica
Expanded condensed elite
Olnll32
0 S n I 158
0 S n I 198
OIn1226
0 I n I255
OInI66
OIn179
OInI99
Olnlll2
0 I n I 132
Set right margin
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
“Q”
n
27 01
IBM
<FS>
“Q”
n
20
Hexadecimal
Decimal
81
n
1B
51
n
n
1C
51
n
Sets the right margin at column n in the current character pitch (pica
pitch if proportional spacing is currently selected). Column n
becomes the last character position in the line. The right margin does
not move if the character pitch is changed later. The right margin
must be within the limits below:
Pica
Elite
Semi-condensed
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Expanded pica
Expanded elite
Expanded semi-condensed
Expanded condensed pica
Expanded condensed elite
41n1136
5 In5 163
6In5204
7 I n I233
8 I n I 255
2InI68
31n181
3 6 n I 102
41nI
116
41n1136
Set left and right margins
Mode
Both
<
ASCII
<ES0
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“x”
nl
n2
27 88 nl
n2
1B
58 nl
n2
Sets the left margin at column nl and the right margin at column n2.
See the preceding commands for margin restrictions and other
notes.
Carriage return
Mode
ASCII
Both
<CR>
Decimal
13
Hexadecimal
OD
Prints the current line and returns the next print position to the left
margin. If DIP switch l-8 is ON, also performs a line feed.
Set automatic line feed
Mode
IBM
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC> “5”
27 53
cl>
Hexadecimal
1
1B
36 01
Causes the printer to perform both a carriage return and line feed
each time it receives a <CR> code. This command takes priority
over DIP switch 1-8.
Cancel au toma tic line feed
Mode
IBM
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC> “5”
CO>
27 53
Hexadecimal
0
1B 35 00
Causes the printer to perform only a carriage return when it receives
a <CR> code. This command takes priority over DIP switch l-8.
Backspace
Mode
ASCII
Both
CBS>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
0
00
Moves the print position one column to the left. Ignored if the print
position is at the left margin. This command can be used to
overstrike or combine characters.
Left justify
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
<ESC>
Decimal
“a” “0”
“a” <O>
Hexadecimal
27 97 40
1B
61 30
0
1B
61
27 97
00
Aligns subsequent text with the left margin, leaving the right margin
ragged.
Center text
Mode
Both
ASCII
<EC>
<ESC>
Decimal
“a” “1”
“a” cl>
Hexadecimal
27 97 49
27 97
1
61
31
1B 61
01
1B
Centers subsequent text between the left and right margins.
62
Right justify
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“a”
“2”
27 97 50
1B
61 32
<ESC>
“a”
c2>
27
2
1B
61 02
Decimal
97
Hexadecimal
Aligns subsequent text with the right margin, leaving the left margin
ragged.
Full justify
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“a”
“3”
27 97 51
1B
61 33
cESC>
“a”
c3>
27 97
3
1B
61 03
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Aligns subsequent text between the left and right margins.
Set horizontal tab stops
Mode
Both
3
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
"D"
nl
n2
...
CO>
Hexadecimal
27 68 nl n2 ... 0
1B 44 nl n2 ... 00
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops at
columns nl, n2, etc. in the current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional spacing is currently selected), where nl, n2, etc. are
numbers between 1 and 255. The maximum number of horizontal
tab stops allowed is 32 in Standard mode and 28 in IBM mode. The
tab stops must be specified in ascending order; any violation of
ascending order terminates the tab stop list. Standard termination is
by the <O> control code. To clear all tab stops, specify <ESC> “D”
co>.
Set horizontal tab stop everyn columns
Mode
Both
ASCII
. <ES&
<ESC>
Decimal
“e”
“0”
“e”
CO> n
n
Hexadecimal
27 101 46
n
1B
65 30
0
n
1B
65 Cxl n
27 101
n
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops every
n columns, where n is between 1 and 127.
63
Reset all tab stops
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
27 82
“R”
1B
52
Resets the horizontal tab stops to their power-up values in which a
tab stop is set every 8 column starting at column 9. Also clears all
vertical tab stops.
Horizontal tab
Mode
ASCII
Both
<I-IT>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
9
09
Moves the print position to the next horizontal tab stop. Ignored if
there is no next horizontal tab stop in the current line. Note that when
underlining is selected, spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are
not underlined.
Relative horizontal tab
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cESC>
“I’
nl
n2
27 92 nl
n2
1B 5C nl
n2
IBM
<FS>
‘T’
nl
n2
28 92 nl
n2
1C 5C nl
n2
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Moves the print position right or left a specified distance (maximum
1440 dots). Ignored if the resulting position is beyond the right or
left margin. The formulas for the distance and direction are as
follows:
If n2 is between 0 and 63, the print head moves right by (nl + n2 x
256) dots.
If n2 is between 64 and 127, the print head moves left by (nl + [n2641 x 256) dots.
Relative horizontal tab in inches
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Decimal
“d”
nl
n2
27 100 nl
Hexadecimal
n2
1B
64 nl
n2
Sets the next print position to (nl + n2 x 256)/120 inches from the
current position. Ignored if this position is beyond the right margin.
The maximum position is 13.6 inches.
64
Absolute horizontal tab in inches
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Decimal
‘3”
nl
Hexadecimal
27 36 nl
n2
n2
lB
24 nl
n2
Sets the next print position to (nl + n2 x 256)/60 inches from the left
margin on the current line. Ignored if this position is beyond the
right margin. The maximum position is 13.6 inches.
Absolute horizontal tab in columns
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
cESC>
“f’
“0”
n
cESC>
“f’
CO> n
Hexadecimal
27 102 40
n
lB6630
n
27 102
n
1B 66 00
n
0
Moves the next print position to column n from the left margin,
where n is between 0 and 127.
GRAPHICS COMMANDS
Print 8-bit normal-density graphics
Mode
Both
ASCII
cESC>
Decimal
“R’
nl
27
n2
ml
m2
. ..
75 nl
ml
Hexadecimal
n2
m2
1B 48 nl
...
ml
n2
m2
...
Prints bit-image graphics at 60 dots per inch horizontally. The
graphic image is 8 dots high and nl + n2 x 256 dots wide. Maximum
width is 13.6 inches (816 dots). ml, m2, ... am the dot data, each a
l-byte value from 0 to 255 representing 8 vertical dots, with the
most significant bit at the top and the least significant bit at the
bottom. The number of data bytes must be nl + n2 x 256. Dots
beyond the right margin are ignored. At the end of bit-image
printing the printer returns automatically to character mode.
Print 8-bit double-density graphics
Mode
Both
ASCII
cESC>
“L”
nl
27
n2
ml
m2
...
76 nl
ml
I
Hexadecimal
Decimal
n2
m2
10 4C nl
...
ml
n2
m2
.. .
Prints bit-image graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 1632 dots wide). See <ESC> “K” for other information.
65
Print 8-bit double-density, double-speed graphics
Mode
Both
ASCII
cESC>
Decimal
‘7”
nl
n2
m2
ml
...
Hexadecimal
27 89 nl n2
ml m2 ...
1B
59 nl
ml
n2
m2
...
Prints bit-image graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 1632 dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal
direction. See cESC> “K” for other information.
Print 8-bit quadruple-density graphics
Mode
Both
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
“Z”
n1
n.2
ml
m2
...
Hexadecimal
27 90 nl ni’
ml m2 . . .
1B 5A nl
ml
n2
m2
...
Prints bit-image graphics at 240 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 3264 dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal
direction. See cESC> “K” for other information.
Print 249bit hex-density graphics
Mode
Both
ASCII
<FS>
Decimal
“Z”
ml
nl
n2
m2 m3
...
27 90 nl d
ml m2 m3
Hexadecimal
1C 5A nl
...
ml m2
n2
m3 . . .
Prints 24-bit dot graphics at 360 dots per inch horizontally. The
graphic image is 24 dots high and nl + n2 x 256 dots wide.
Maximum width is 13.6 inches (4896 dots). In the data ml, m2, m3
. .’. each three bytes represent 24 vertical dots. In the leftmost
position, the most significant bit of ml is the top dot; the least
significant bit of ml is the eighth dot from the top; the most
significant bit of m2 is the ninth dot; the least significant bit of m2
is the sixteenth dot from the top; the most significant bit of m3 is the
seventeenth dot from the top; the least significant bit of m3 is the
bottom dot. The rest of the data is similar. The number of data bytes
must be 3 x (nl + n2 x 256). Dots beyond the right margin are
ignored. At the end of dot graphics printing the printer returns
automatically to character mode.
66
Select graphics mode
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
cESC>
“*”
n0
n2
nl
ml
m2
Hexadecimal
27 42 n0 nl
...
n2 ml
m2
1B 2A n0 nl
...
n2 ml
m2
...
Selects one of eleven graphics modes depending on the value of nO
and prints dot graphics in this mode. See <ESO “K” (for 8-bit
graphics) or <FS> “2” (for 24-bit graphics) for information on nl,
n2, ml, m2, ...
nO
0
1
2
3
4
6
32
33
38
39
40
Graphics mode
( 60
8-bit Normal-density
( 120
8-bit Double-density
8-bit Double-density, double-speed
(240
8-bit Quadruple-density
( 80
8-bit CRT graphics, mode I
( 90
8-bit CRT graphics, mode II
( 60
24-bit Normal-density
( 120
24-bit Double-density
( 90
24-bit CRT graphics
( 180
24-bit Triple-density
(360
24-bit Hex-density
dots per inch)
dots per inch)
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
per
per
per
per
per
per
per
per
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
67
Se/ect graphics mode
Mode
IBM
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
“[”
“g”
m0
nl
n2
ml
m2
...
27 91 103 nl
Hexadecimal
n2
1B 58
67 nl n2
m0 ml m2...
m0 ml m.2...
Selects one of eight graphics modes depending on the value of m0
and prints dot graphics in this mode. The graphic image is (nl + n2
x 256) - 1 dots wide. See &SC> “K” ( for &bit graphics) or <FS>
“Z” (for 24-bit graphics) for information on ml, m2, ...
m0
0
1
2
3
8
9
11
12
Graphics mode
8-bit Normal-density
( 60
8-bit Double-density
( 120
8-bit Double-density, double-speed
8-bit Quadruple-density
(240
24-bit Normal-density
( 60
24-bit Double-density
( 120
24-bit Triple-density
( 180
24-bit Hex-density
(360
dots per inch)
dots per inch)
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
per
per
per
per
per
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
Convert graphics density
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
I’?”
n
m
2763
Hexadecimal
nm
16 3F
n
m
Converts graphics defined by subsequent <ES0 “K”, <ES0 “L”,
<ES0 “Y” or <ESC> “2” commands to a density mode defined by
<ES0 “*“. n is “K”, “L”, “Y” or ‘7, indicating the mode to be
converted. m is a code from <O>to <4> or <6> indicating one of the
modes of <ES0 “*“.
68
DOWNLOAD CHARACTER COMMANDS
Define download characters
Mode
Std.
27
“=” cO> nl
m0
ml
m2
dl
d2
...
dx
27
cESC>
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
cESC> “8~” CO> nl
n2
m0
ml
m2
dl
d2
...
dr
n2
38
Hexadecimal
0 nl
n2mOmlm2
dl d2 . . . dr
61
IB 26 00 nl
n2mOmlm2
dl d2 .., dx
1B 3D
0 nl
CO nl
n2mOmlm2
dl d2 . dx
n2mOmlm2
dl d2 . . . a!x
Defines one or more new characters and stores them in RAM for
later use. DIP switch 2-l must be OFF; otherwise RAM is used as
an input buffer, not for downloading characters, and this command
is ignored.
nl is the character code of the first character defined and n2 is the
character code of the last character defined. nl and n2 must both be
between 33 and 254. nl must be equal to or less than n2. Use of
character codes 32 (space) and 127 (delete code) should be avoided
if possible. The data for each character start with three bytes
specifying propottional spacing attributes: the first byte, mO, specifies the left of the character; the second byte, ml, specifies the
character width; the third byte, m2, specifies the right of the
character. These values must not exceed the following maximum
limits:
,
Character mode
ml
Draft characters
LQ pica characters
LQ elite characters
LQ semi-condensed
LQ proportional
Draft super/subscripts
LQ super/subscripts
LQ prop. super/subscripts
9
29
23
15
37
7
23
23
mOtmltm2
12
36
30
24
42
12
36
42
Next comes the dot data. Normal character height is 24 dots, so there
must be 3 x ml bytes of dot data. If the printer is in super/subscript
mode, however, the character height is 16 dots, so there must be 2
x ml bytes of dot data.
Each data byte indicates eight verical dots, with the MSB being the
top dot and the LSB the bottom dot.
For further details, please refer to chapter 5.
69
Copy character set from ROM into RAM card
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
<FS>
IBM
Decimal
“:”
Y
<O>
CO>
n
n
<o>
co>
Hexadecimal
27 58
0
n
0
lB3AOO
nO0
28 58
0
n
0
iC3A00
nW
Copies the selected character set with n, as shown below, to the
corresponding download character RAM card, overwriting any
download data already present. Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
n
0
2
3
4
Character set
Courier
Prestige
Orator
script
Select download character set
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC> “%” “1”
<ESC> “%” cl>
Hexadecimal
27 37 49
1B
25 31
27 37
1B
25 01
1
Selects the download character set. Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is
ON.
Select ROM character set
Mode
Both
ASCII
-ax>
Decimal
“%”
“0”
<ESC> “%” CO>
Hexadecimal
27 37 40
18
25 30
27 37
1B
25 00
0
Stops using the download character set and returns to the built-in
ROM character set. Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
I
OTHER PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
Set MSB to I
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ES&
Decimal
“>”
27 62
Hexadecimal
1B 3E
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent byte received to 1,
allowing users with a 7-bit interface to access characters with ASCII
codes greater than 127.
Set MSB to 0
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
<FS>
IBM
Decimal
“=”
‘,=V
Hexadecimal
27 61
16 3D
26 61
1C 3D
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent byte received to 0.
Accept MSB as is
Mode 1
Decimal
ASCII
Both 1 <ESC>
‘W’
27 35
Hexadecimal
1B
23
Cancels the preceding commands and accepts the most significant
bit as it is sent to the printer.
Delete last character sent
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<DEL>
Decimal
127
Hexadecimal
7F
Deletes the last character received. Ignored if the last character
received, has already been printed, or if the last character received
was all or part of a command.
Cancel last line
Mode
ASCII
Both
<CAN>
Decimal
24
Hexadecimal
10
Deletes the last line currently present in the print buffer.
Repeat data
Mode
<ESC>
Both
Decimal
ASCII
“V”
n
dl
a!x <ES3
“V”
4.b
d2
27 06
d2
Hexadecimal
n
1B
dl
. dx
27
d2
56
n
dl
. . . dx
06 0
1B
5600
Repeats data, defined by dl, d2, . . . dx, for n times.
Quiet print
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
“s”
“1”
<ESC>
“S” Cl>
Hexadecimal
27 115 49
1B
73 31
27 115
1B
73 01
1
Selects the quiet print mode, in which the printer prints each line in
two passes to reduce the sound of printing. You can also set the quiet
mode with the control panel button.
Cancel quiet print
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“s”
“0”
<ESC>
“S” <o>
Hexadecimal
27 115 40
1B
73 30
27 115
18
73 00
0
Cancels the quiet print mode, and resumes normal printing.
You can also cancel the quiet mode with the control panel button.
ImmefBa te print
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ES(l>
“i”
“l”
27 105 49
1B
69 31
<ESC>
Y’
<l>
27 105
18
69 01
1
Selects the immediate print mode, in which the printer prints each
character as soon as received. At every pause in the incoming data
stream the printer scrolls the paper up about 2 inches so that the
current line can be seen. When the next character is received the
paper is scrolled back down and printing continues. This command
is ignored when friction feed is used.
72
_-
Cancel immediate print
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“i”
<ESC>
"i" <o>
“0”
Hexadecimal
27 105 48
1B
69 30
27 105
IB
69 00
0
Cancels the immediate print mode. The printer waits for each line
to be completed before printing it, and does not scroll the paper up
and down. This command is ignored when friction feed is used.
Set printer off-line
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<DC3>
<ESC>
IBM
Decimal
“Q”
“#”
Hexadecimal
19
13
27 61 35
18
51 23
Sets the printer off-line. The printer disregards all subsequent
characteis and commands except <DCl>, which returns it to the online state. The printer’s ON LINE indicator does not go off.
Set printer on-line
Mode
ASCII
Both
<DCl>
.
Decimal
17
Hexadecimal
11
Returns the printer to the on-line state, allowing it to receive and
process all subsequent characters and commands. This command is
ignored if the printer was set off-line by pressing me ( ON LINE 3
button on the control panel.
Stop printing
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
1 Decimal
“j”
27 106
Hexadecimal
1B 6A
Prints the entire contents of the input buffer, then sets the printer offline.The printer’s ONLINE indicator goes off.
73
Bell
Mode 1
ASCII
Decimal
Both 1 &EL>
Hexadecimal
17
I 07
Sounds a brief beep tone from the printer’s beeper.
Bidirectional printing
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Both
<ESC>
“U”
<ESC>
‘7-J” CO>
“0”
Hexadecimal
27 85 48
1B
55 30
27 85
1B
55 00
0
Causes subsequent printing to be done in the normal bidirectional
mode, which is faster than unidirectional printing.
Unidirectional prin thg
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“U”
“1”
<ESC>
“U” cl>
Hexadecimal
27 05 49
1B
55 31
27 85
1B
55 01
1
Causes subsequent printing to be done unidirectionally, ensuring
maximum vertical alignment precision.
One-line unidirectional printhg
IMode 1
ASCII
1Both 1 cESC>
1
“c“
Decimal
1
Hexadecimal
Immediately returns the print head to the left margin, then prints the
remainder of the line from left to right. Normal bidirectional
printing resumes on the next line.
Manual feed
Mode
Both
<ESC> <EM> CO>
,,(.,
,a(..
‘so”
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
27 25
,a),.
a),,
40
40
0
48
41 41
1B
19 oo
28
28
30
29 29
Selects manual sheet feeding even when the optional automatic
sheet feeder is mounted. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF
inactive).
74
I
I
/ 1B 3C
1 27 60
Auto feed
Mode
Bo*
ASCII
Decimal
- <ESC> <EM> <4>
“(”
“4”
“(4‘
“),,
‘.).,
Hexadecimal
27 25
4
40
52
40
41 41
1B
19 04
28
20
34
29 29
Selects the automatic sheet feeder. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON
(ASF inactive).
Eject paper from ASF
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Both
<ESC> <EM> “R”
uc,
.,(,,
Hexadecimal
27 25 82
‘S),, “),,
“R"
40
40
82
41 41
1B
19 52
28
28
52
29 29
Ejects the current page. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF
inactive).
Set print start position on ASF
Mode
Bo*
ASCII
“(.‘
Decimal
<EM>
<ES&
‘yu
"T"
‘T”
n
..),, “),,
n
Hexadecimal
27 25 84 n
1B 19 54 II
40 40 84 41 41 n
28 28 54 29 29 n
Skips n/6 inches at the top of the page, where n is equal to or greater
than 1. Ignored if DIP switch 1-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
Reset printer
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ES&
cFS>
Std.
Decimal
“@”
“@”
Hexadecimal
27 64
1B 40
28 64
1c
40
Reinitializes the printer. Clears the print buffer and returns settings
to their power-up values. Does not clear the input buffer or change
ASF selections.
MEMO
Chapter 5
DOWNLOAD
CHARACTERS
With this printer you can create new characters and symbols, download their
dot data, and have them printed in place of selected characters in the regular
character set. Characters that can be generated in this way range from simple
but useful symbols like the check mark through complex Chinese or
Japanese characters.
Regular characters are permanently stored in the printer’s ROM, but characters you design are downloaded and stored in RAM for use.
DEFINING YOUR OWN CHARACTERS
Designing and printing your own characters has two requirements: firstly,
designing the shape of the character, calculating the data necessary to make
the shape, and sending that data to the printer, and secondly, sending the
command to print the downloaded characters instead of the regular characters. There are a number of design constraints for download characters:
l
The matrix or grid on which you design the characters is depending on the
print mode as shown below:
Character mode
Horizontal
Draft characters
9
LQ pica characters
29
LQ elite characters
23
LQ semi-condensed
15
LQ proportional
37
Draft super/subscript
7
LQ super/subscript
23
LQ prop. super/subscript
23
l
l
l
Vertical
24
24
24
24
24
16
16
16
The minimum width of a character is five dots.
Dots cannot overlap.
You may define any position in the ASCII table, except the block graphics
area when you are downloading in the IBM mode.
77
We will use a tiny representation of a telephone symbol for our example.
I
3 3 4
5 6
7 R 9,1:~1II2/~14/~1(i17/81920221222~242526272829
ASCII Code: 60
Left space: 4
Character
width: 29
Right space: 3
-
F/gun, 5-7. Telephone symbol, Normal LO pica
Assignjng the character data
Now, we calculate the vertical numerical values of the columns of dots, and
enter them underneath the grid. Each vertical column (which has a maximum of 24 dots) is first divided into three groups (or two groups for super/
subscripts) of eight dots. Each group of eight dots is represented by one byte,
which consists of eight bits.
That’s where the numbers down the left side of the grid come in. Notice that
there is a number for each row of dots and that each number is twice the
number below it. By making these numbers of two we can take any
combination of dots in a vertical column and assign them a unique value.
-
-
-
Assigning a value of character space
Besides being able to specify the actual width of the character, this printer
allows you to specify the position in the standard grid where the character
will print. You must specify the dot column in which the printed character
starts and the dot column in which the character ends. Why, you may ask,
would you want to define a character this way instead of merely defining the
overall width of the character? Because this printer’s proportional character
definitions can also be used to print normal width characters. And by
centering even the narrow characters in the complete grid they will look
good even you aren’t printing them proportionally.
The three bytes are used to specify the width of the character and the space
to be allowed on either side of it. The left space (in dot columns) is specified
by m0 and the right space is specified by m2. The second byte (ml) specifies
the number of columns of dots that will be printed by the character. By
varying the width of the character itself and the spaces around it, you can
actually create proportional width characters.
When defining characters, the number of printed columns (ml), and the sum
of side spaces and the character width (mO+ml+m2) cannot exceed the value
shown below.
Character mode
ml
mO+ml+m2
Draft characters
LQ pica characters
LQ elite characters
LQ semi-condensed
LQ proportional
Draft super/subscript
LQ super/subscript
LQ prop. super/subscript
9
29
23
15
37
7
23
23
12
36
30
24
42
12
36
42
program
To demonstrate how to use the download characters, let’s use the “telephone” character and the other user-defined characters to print a small
graph. This program will do just that:
79
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1000
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1480
1490
1500
1510
1520
1530
1540
1550
1560
1570
1580
1590
80
LPRINT CHR$(27);"xl";
LPRINT CHR$(27);"&";CHR$(O);CHRS(6O):CHR$(61):
RESTORE 1540
FOR N=60 TO 61
READ LS :LPRINT CHR$(LS);
READ CW :LPRINT CHR$(CW);
READ RS :LPRINT CHR$(RS);
FOR M=l TO CW"3
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM):
NEXT M
NEXT N
LPRINT CHR$(27);"D";CHR$(ll);CHR$(O)
LPRINT CHR$(27);"k";CHR$(4);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"h";CHR$(l);
LPRINT " DIFFUSION RANGES OF"
LPRINT ' CARS & TELEPHONES"
LPRINT CHR$(27);"h";CHR$(O)
LPRINT CHR$(27);"k";CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"$1";
LPRINT "USA";CHR$(9);
FOR I=0 TO 681 STEP 25
:LPRINT CHR$(60);
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$(P):
FOR I=0 TO 781 STEP 25
:LPRINT CHR$(61);
LPRINT
LPRINT "GERNANY";C!HR$(9);
FOR I=0 TO 412 STEP 25
:LPRINT CHRS(60);
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$(9);
FOR I=0 TO 480 STEP 25
:LPRINT CHR$(61);
LPRINT
LPRINT "JAPAN";CHR$(9);
FOR I=0 TO 347 STEP 25
:LPRINT CHRS(60):
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$(S);
FOR I=0 TO 493 STEP 25
:LPRINT CHR$(61);
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$(9);"+-";
SCALES="+-+-"
FOR I=2 TO S
:LPRINT SCALES;
LPRINT "+-+"
LPRINT CHR$(9):"0
";
FOR' I=1 TO 8
LPRINT ' ";I;
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(27) ;"%O"
LPRINT CHR$(27) :"M" :
LPRINT CHR$(27) ;"SO":
LPRINT CHR$(9): '(100 UNITS/1000
PERSONS)"
LPRINT CHR$(27) ;"T" :
LPRINT CHR$(27) : "@"
END
' DATA
' Telephone Symbol
DATA
4, 29,
3
DATA
7,
0.
0.
6,
0,
0, 23.
0.
0.
DATA
40, 16,
0, 80, 47:192, 32, SO,
0.
DATA
80,175.192,
47, SO.
0, 80,163.192,
DATA
33, 64,
0, 80,163.192,
47, SO,
0,
:NEXT I
:NEXT I
:NEXT
I
:NEXT I
:NEXT I
:NEXT I
:NEXT I
40.
0.
0,
80,175,192.
33, 64,
0,
80,175,192,
19, 15,192
47. SO,
0
80,163,192
47. SO,
0
1600
1610
1620
1630
1640
1650
1660
1670
1680
1690
DATA
DATA
' Cai
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
80,175,192,
40,
0,
0,
Symbol
4, 29,
3
0, 30,
0.
0,
3, 64,
20,124,
0,
63,128,
0,
64,124.128.
51,
3, 0,
32, SO.
23.
0,
0, so, 47,192, 40, 16.
6, 0,
0,
0,
7, 0,
0, 19, 15,192
0
0,
0.
0.
0, 60,
0,
0,
3,
0,
1.252.128.
5,124.128,
2,
3, 64,
40.
0,
0, 80,126,
0, 32,
0,
0.
64,126,
0, 63,128,
0, 64,124,
0,
64,124,128,
3, 64,
32,
3, 64,
48.
12,252,
0,
3.
0, 0.
0,254,
0
DIFFUSION
CARS
&
RANGES
TELEPHONES
0,252,128
10,
3,
0
64,126,
0
32,
3,
0
76,124,128
OF
81
MEMO
Chapter 6
MS-DOS AND YOUR PRINTER
When using your printer with an IBM PC, PC-XT, or PC-AT or compatible,
you will probably be using PC-DOS or MS-DOS as an operating system. A
number of software tricks may be useful here. This chapter is not, however,
a substitute for the operating system manuals supplied with your computer.
To learn how to print files, etc. it is best to read the relevant parts of these
manuals.
INSTALLING APPLICATION
YOUR PRINTER
SOFTWARE
WITH
When installing application software, you may find that your printer is not
specifically mentioned in the lists of printers given for installation. However, this should pose no problem. Read this section, and guidelines
provided with your software on printer installation.
If you have your printer set up in standard mode, then choose an Epson LQ1050 or LQ-850 as your printer to be selected.
If neither of these are mentioned, choose one of the following (in order of
preference): Star NB-15, Star NB24-15, Epson LQ-1000, Epson LQ-1500.
If you have your printer set up with the DIP switches to emulate an IBM
Proprinter XL24, simply choose this from the list of printers available in the
application software list.
If the IBM Proprinter XL24 is not mentioned, use Proprinter X24 or
Proprinter II.
If your software package does not mention printers by name, but asks instead
what features your printer is capable of, the most common questions are:
“Can your printer perform a backspace?” and “Can it do a hardware form
feed?“. You should answer “Yes” to both these questions.
Other software packages may well allow you to install specific features.
Spreadsheet programs will often ask for the maximum number of columns
to be printed. This is given below.
83
Number of columns
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Proportional
CPI
10
12
17.1
20
136
163
233
272
Variable
Sometimes the software installation will ask you for an initialization
sequence to return to the default settings. The command for your printer is
<ESC> @.
Make sure that the DIP switches are set for the right printer emulation, and
that you have selected the appropriate character set using the DIP switches.
If you are in doubt about the configration of your application software, seek
expert advice. Your software supplier will probably be your most convenient reference.
EMBEDDING PRINTER COMMANDS
Many word-processors and other software lack commands for changing font
style, or printing double-size characters, and some do not even support bold
printing or italics. Your printer therefore has commands that can be embedded in documents to control these functions without software help. The
commands consist of a capital letter enclosed in double parentheses,
followed by a digit:
Font style:
3
((F))O
WI)1
((F)P
((F))3
C(F))4
c(F))9
Size:
KS))3
Standard size
Double width
Double height
Double width and height
Bold:
((B))O
KB)) 1
Non-bold
Bold
Italic:
((I>>0
(UN 1
Non-italic
Italic
((S))O
KS)) 1
WP
84
Courier
Option
Prestige
Orator
script
Draft
-
I.I
:_I
If you want to print a title in double-size Script, then change to regular-size
Courier for some text that includes italics, you can use these commands as
follows:
File as seen on computer screen:
t(P))4
c(S))3
Printer
Commands
t(F))0
t(S))0
Font
style,
size,
bold
print,
and
((1))lItalic
((1))Ocommands
can be
((1))lanywhere
((1))Oin
a document.
embedded
Printout:
P-Jt-
l
Font
co-
style,
size,
bold
Italic
commands
can be
anywhere
in a document.
print,
and
embedded
When you use these commands there are several points to note:
l
The font style ((F)) and italic ((I)) commands are ignored if the (STYLO
button was held down when power was switched on.
. A line consisting of commands alone prints as a blank line.
l
Software does not know that these commands are commands, so you
cannot trust your software to give you the correct line width. The printed
‘line may he considerably shorter than the line on the screen; the missing
space is the space that was occupied by the commands.
One way to handle the last problem is to prepare your document without the
commands, then insert them as a final step, with the margins released. The
find, replace, and copy functions of word-processing software can he helpful
here.
If you do not use these commands or the panel controls, the printer will print
standard-size, draft, non-hold, non-italic characters.
The printer supports various commands in addition to the above, such as
quadruple-size printing.
Most of these other commands consist of the escape code followed by one
or more letters or numbers.
If your software enables you to place the escape code in your files, or if you
were able to define this as a user option during installation, you can also
embed these escape sequences.
PROGRAMMING THE PRINTER WITH DOS
COMMANDS
If your system includes the file PRINT.COM you can use the main DOS
printing command. Simply type the word PRINT followed by the name of
the file you want to print. To print a file named README.DOC, for
example, type:
A>PRINT
README.DOC
The computer may respond with the following message, asking which
printer to use:
Name
of
list
device
[PRNJ:
If your computer is connected to only one printer, press RETURN to select
the default choice (PRN). Printing will begin and the A> prompt will
reappear. You can execute other commands or programs while the file is
being printed.
A single PRINT command can print two or more files. List the file names
consecutively on the same line, or use wild-card characters (* and ?). Each
file will be printed starting on a new page. The PRINT command also has
control options. For example, you can terminate a printing job in progress
with the /r option. (The printer may not stop printing immediately it may
have considerable data stored ahead inits buffer.) For the /‘f option, type:
A>PRINT/T
See your DOS manual for further information about the PRINT command.
If your system does not include PRINT.COM, you can print files by using
the PRN device name in COPY or TYPE commands such as the following:
A>COPY README.DOC PRN
A>TYPE README.DOC >PRN
86
COPY and TYPE do not permit you to execute other commands while the
file is printing.
If you want a particular font style, or print pitch, you can make these settings
from the control panel before you start printing. See Chapter 2.
If you print from the DOS command level very often, it will be advantageous
to create a printer setup file. Then instead of setting font style etc. manually
each time, you can complete the setup with a single command from your
computer. For example, you can create a file containing printer commands
to select letter quality, and select elite pitch. You can find the commands in
Chapter 4. We suggest the following:
l
l
Letter quality
Elite pitch
<ESC>
<ES0
“x” “1”
‘&,9?
<l>
.
<ES0 “!” <l> is a powerful command that, in addition to selecting elite
pitch, cancels unwanted features such as underlining which might be left
from previous commands. The angle brackets around the <l> indicate
character code 1, which is a control code, not the printable digit “ 1”.
You may want to place additional commands in this file, such as left and
right margins, line spacing and bottom margin commands. Or you may want
to create a variety of setup files with a different set of commands in each.
To avoid excess line feeds, you should place the commands on one line in
the setup file. You may or may not be able to generate a setup file with wordprocessing software; it depends on whether your software lets you enter
control codes. If your system includes the file EDLIN.COM, however, you
can easily create a setup file with the DOS line editor.
An appropriate name for this setup file would be LQELIIEDAT. To use the
DOS line editor, type the command EDLIN LQELIIEDAT, then type the
underlined parts of the following display. Press RETURN at the end of each
line. Don’t type the symbol “*“. This symbol means to hold the CTRL key
down while pressing the next key: for example, /\V means to type CTRL-V.
*C means to type CTRL-C, which indicates the end of the input.
A>EDLIN
New file
*.L
LQELITE.DAT
l:* *V[xl^V[!*VA
.
2'*^c
“E
87
AV indicates that the following character is a control code. ^V[ enters the
<ES0 code. <ES0 has character code 27, and “[” is the 27th character in
ASCII sequence from A. Similarly, *VA enters the control code cl>. See
your DOS manual if you need further information about EDLIN.
You can now set up the printer by sending it the file LQELITBDAT. To
avoid unnecessary logging of commands, switch hard-copy output off (by
pressing CTRL-PRTSC if hard copy is on). To print the file README.DOC
in LQ elite type, give the following two commands:
A>COPY LQELITE.DAT
PRN
A>PRINT README.DOC
For greater convenience you can make a batch file that will set up the printer
and print any specified file with a single command. To create such a batch
file with the name LQPRINT.BAT, type in the first four lines shown next.
‘55means to press the CTRL and Z keys simultaneously. To use this file to
print RBADMBDOC, type the fifth line.
A>COPY CON LQPRINT.BAT
COPY LQELITE.DAT
PRN
PRINT %l
*Z
A>LQELITE
README.DOC
The first above line is a copy command from the CONsole screen to a file
named LQPRINT.BAT. The next two lines are the contents of this file. The
% 1 is a dummy parameter: whatever file name you type after LQPRINT will
be substituted for % 1 and printed.
PROGRAMMING WITH BASIC
As an example of programming the printer on Microsoft BASIC, we have
listed the program for the IBM-PC. This program runs in the printer’s
Standard mode, and the downloadable’condition (DIP switch l-6 ON and
DIP switch 2-l OFF).
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
' Set control codes
EQ=CHR$(27)
D$=EQ+"xO"
L$=E$+"xl"
C$=E$+"kO"+L$
P$=E$+"kZ"+L$
O$=E$+"k3"+L$
S$=E$+"k4"+L$
H$=CHR$(9)
PI$=E$+"P"
'Escape cods
'Draft quality
'Letter quality
'Courier characters
'Preetige characters
'Orator characters
'Script characters
'Horizontal tab
'Pica pitch
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1480
1490
1500
1510
1520
1530
1540
1550
1560
1570
1580
1590
1600
1610
1620
1630
1640
1650
1660
1670
1680
1690
1700
1710
1720
' Start printing
WIDTH "LPT1:",255
'Set HT
LPRINT E$;"D";CHR$(3):CHR$(24);CHR$(O)
LPRINT C$; "Font styles are:"
LPRINT H$;D$;"Draft
characters,":
LPRINT H$;C$;"Courier
characters,"
LPRINT H$:P$;"Prestige
characters,";
LPRINT H$;O$;"Orator
characters,"
LPRINT H$;S$; "Script characters,"
LPRINT E$;"4";
'Select ital its
LPRINT H$*D$*"and
";C$;"italics
":P$;"for
";
,
I
LPRINT O$;"ali
";S$;"styles."
'Cancel ital its
LPRINT E$;"S"
LPRINT C$:"Print
pitches are:"
LPRINT H$:PI$;"Pica
pitch (10 CPI),";
LPRINT H$:E$:"M";"Elite
pitch (12 CPI),"
LPRINT H$;E$;"g";" Semi-condensed
pitch (15 CPI),";
LPRINT H$;PI$;
'Select condensed
pr,int
LPRINT CHR$(lS);
LPRINT
"Condensed
pica pitch (17 CPI),"
LPRINT H$,E$-"M" *"Condensed
elite pitch (20 CPI),";
LPRINT CH&(;S)
'
'Cancel condensed
pr,int
LPRINT H$;E$;"pl";
'Select proportional
spacing
LPRINT PI$:"Normal
proportional,";
LPRINT H$:CHR$(lS); "And condensed
proportional.";
LPRINT CHR$(lS):
LPRINT E$;"pO"
'Cancel proportional
spacing
LPRINT
LPRINT H$;E$;"wl";"Double-height,":E$:"wO'
LPRINT H$;E$;"Wl";"Double
width,
";E$;"WO"
width,";
LPRINT H$;CHR$(28); "E";CHR$(2);"Triple
LPRINT CHR$(28);"E":CHR$(O)
LPRINT H$;E$;"h";CHR$(l);"Double-sized,"
LPRINT H$;E$:"h":C!HR$(2);"Quad-sized.";
LPRINT E$;"h";CHR$(O)
LPRINT
:LPRINT
LPRINT E$;"Q";CHR$(47)
'Set right margin
LPRINT C$;"Various
line and character
spacings:"
LPRINT E$;"al"
'Center text
FOR I=1 TO 7
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I
'Line spacing set
LPRINT ES;" ";CHR$(I
'Increase character
space
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS
ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
FOR I=6 TO 1 STEP -1
LPRINT E$;~~A~*;cHR$(I
'Line spacing set
LPRINT ES;" ";CHR$(I
'Increase character
space
;\RE CHANGED"
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS
NEXT I
LPRINT E$;."aO"
'Left justify
LPRINT E$;"3";CHR$(30);
'Set l/6" line spacing
LPRINT ES;" ";CHR$(O);
'Normal character
space
LPRINT
:LPRINT
LPRINT C$; "Other features:"
LPRINT H$;E$;"q";CHR$(l);"OUTLINED";~$;"q";CHR$(O);",
";
LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(2);"SHADOWED":E$;"q";CHR$(O);",
";
LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(3):"OUTLINED
WITH SHADOWED";
LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(O);",
"
LPRINT H$;E$;"E";"Emphasized";E$:"F";",
";
LPRINT E$;"G";"Double-strike";E$:"H";",
";
LPRINT ES;"-l";"Underlining";E$;"-O";",
I(
LPRINT H$;E$;"
l";"Overlining";E$;"
O";", ";
LPRINT E$;"SO"j"SUPERSCRIPT";E$;"T"i"
and ";
89
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
2060
2070
2080
2090
2100
2110
2120
2130
2140
2150
2160
2170
2180
2190
2200
2210
2220
2230
2240
2250
2260
2270
2280
2290
2300
2310
2320
2330
2340
2350
90
LPRINT E$;"Sl ";"SUBSCRIPT";E$;"T";",
LPRINT H$;C$;"Download
characters:
LPRINT E$;"SO";
GOSUB 2130
LPRINT E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
LPRINT E$;"%O";
LPRINT E$:"T";
GOSUB 2260
LPRINT E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
LPRINT E$;"%O";
LPRINT E$;"Sl";
GOSUB 2130
LPRINT E$* "%l"*
FOR I=1 T6 5
'
LPRINT CHR$(BO);
NEXT I
LPRINT E$;"%O";
LPRINT E$;"T"
LPRINT H$;C$;"Dot
graphics:"
RESTORE
2560
LPRINT E$:"A":CHR$(B):
FOR I=1 TO 3
LPRINT E$;"fO";CHR$(B):
LPRINT E$;"*":CHR$(33):CHR$(240);
FOR J=l TO 240*3
READ DAT
LPRINT CHR$(DAT);
NEXT J
LPRINT
NEXT I
LPRINT ES;"@"
END
I(
";
'Select
superscript
'Select
download
'Print
character
'Select
'Cancel
normal character
superscript
'Select
download
'Print
download
character
character
'Select
'Select
normal character
subscript
'Select
download
'Print
'Select
'Cancel
download
character
character
normal character
superscript
'Set 8/60"
'Initialize
' SUBROUTINES
' Define super/subscript
download
character
LPR,INT E$;"Sl";
LPRINT E$:"&~;CHR$(O);CHR$(6O):CHR$(60);
RESTORE
2400
READ LS :LPRINT CHR$(LS);
READ CW :LPRINT CHR$(CW);
READ RS :LPRINT CHR$(RS);
FOR M=l TO CW*2
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM):
NEXT M
RETURN
' Define LQ pica download
character
LPRINT C$:
LPRINT E$;"&":CHR$(O);CHR$(60);CHRSo;
RESTORE
2470
READ LS :LPRINT CHR$(LS);
READ CW :LPRINT CHR$(CW);
READ RS :LPRINT CHR$(RS);
FOR M=l TO CW*3
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
download
character
line
spacing
printer
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2370 RETURN
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0
How the program works
This program begins by assigning a number of printer commands to BASIC
string variables (lines 1000 to 1090). You can find most of these commands
near the beginning of chapter 4.
The WIDTH “LPTl :” 255 statement in line 1110 means infinite line width.
It prevents the IBM-PC from inserting unwanted carriage returns and line
feeds in graphics data.
Actual printing begins in line 1120. Using the preassigned commands, the
program prints samples of its different font styles, including a line showing
all styles in italics, followed by samples of the print pitches, then some
double and quadruple-sized printing.
Next comes the central attraction of the program: a line of text printed
fourteen times in expanding and contracting loops to give a barrel effect. The
work is done by four printer commands: a command setting the right margin
(line 1460); a centering command (line 1480); a command to vary the line
spacing (lines 1500 and 1550); and a command to micro-adjust the space
between characters (lines 1510 and 1560).
Next the program returns to normal spacing and gives a demonstration of the
printer’s word-processing abilities: bold printing, underlining, subscripts,
etc.
The row of telephone symbols in the next printed line is created by downloading two new character patterns, which are printed in place of the
character “<“ (character 60). Details can be found in Chapter 5.
The final part of the program uses dot graphics to print an “M&W” logo. The
dot pattern of the logo was originally laid out on graph paper, then converted
to the data in lines 2570 to 4030 with the help of a calculator. Each number
represents eight vertical dots. (See “Graphics commands” in Chapter 4 for
details.)
The pattern is printed in three rows, each twenty-four dots high and 240 dots
wide. Line 1990 sets the line spacing to 8/60 inch so that the rows will
connect vertically. The loop in lines 2000 to 2080 does the printing in three
passes of the print head.
94
Font styles are:
).I
r~
j ,;;~
~;;
,i
e i"
‘,-:
i.1
r I',
I'
I..
'C'
Prestige characters,
sc%Lpt
Courier characters,
ORATOR CHARACTERS,
d-l.a.~cte-rtn,
~i/!i.~’italics
for
ALL .4ky-t.e4.
Print pitches
Pica pitch
are:
(10 CPI),
Semi-condensed
pitch (15 WI),
Condensed
eiite pitch (2.0CPI),
Normal proportional,
Elite pitch (12 CPI),
Condensedpica pitch (17 CPI),
Andcondensed
proptionai,
Double-height,
width,
Double
Tri'E=,lr--"
widLJrxM
Double-sized,
Quad-sized.
Various
line and character
spacings:
Other features:
om531m,
!ixuI.mTrn, mxm
wflxm
Emphasized,
Double-strike,
Underlining,
-____--.-_
SUPEE,SCF!IPT
and ;;,JBSCHIPT,
UTerllnlT,
Download characters:
[email protected]%%$S~s~~t
Dot graphics:
,
Modifications for IBM mode
This program can also be run in IBM mode (DIP switch 1-6 OFF) if you
change a few of the lines as shown below to allow for difference in some of
the commands. You will get a cylinder instead of a barrel effect, becuase the
IBM mode does not have any command to micro-adjust the character
spacing.
1010
1090
1190
1220
1260
1300
1400
1410
1460
1500
1510
1550
1560
1610
1640
1650
1660
1670
1990
2150
2280
'Escape L FS codes
E$=CHR$(27)
:F$=CHR$(28)
'Pica pitch
PI$=CHR$(lS)
'Select italics
LPRINT F$;"4";
LPRINT F$;"5"
'Cancel italics
' LPRINT H$;E$;"g"; "Semi-condensed
pitch (15 CPI),";
' LPRINT H$;E$;"M"; "Condensed
elite pitch (20 CPI).";
' LPRINT H$:CHR$(28);'E";CHR$(2);"Triple
width,";
' LPRINT CHR$(28);"E';CHR$(0)
LPRINT F$;"Q";CHR$(47)
'Set right margin
LPRINT E$:"A":CHR$(I);E$;"2";
'Line spacing set
' LPRINT ES:" ";CHR.$(I);
'Increase
character
space
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);E$;"2";
'Line spacing set
' LPRINT ES;" ";CHR$(I);
'Increase character
space
' LPRINT ES:" ";CHR$(O):
'Normal character
space
' LPRINT H$;E$;"q";CHR$(l):"OUTLINED";E$;"q";CHR$(O);",
";
' LPRINT E$;"q":CHR$(2):"SHADOWED";E$:"q";CHR$(O);",
";
' LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(3);
"OUTLINED
WITH SHADOWED";
' LPRINT E$:"q";CHR$(O);",
"
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(E);E$;"2";
'Set E/60" line spacing
LPRINT E$:"=~;CHR$(O);CHR$(6O):CHR$(60);
LPRINT ES;"=" ;CHR$(O);CHR$(6O);CHR$(60);
-
Chapter 7
TROUBLESHOOTING
AND MAINTENANCE
The following section on troubleshooting and maintenance is intended only
as a brief guide to these functions. Remember that your printer is a highly
sophisticated electronic device, which also contains high voltage inside. For
that reason, only carry out those operations described in this chapter.
CAUTION: Any attempt to carry out operations other than those described
here may result in electric shock and/or damage to the printer.
When carrying out any repairs or maintenance, always follow
the instructions carefully.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Your printer is a reliable piece of precision machinery, which should not
cause you any trouble, provided it is used and treated sensibly. However, the
few elementary tips below should avoid you having to make unnecessary
service calls. The following table gives you ideas on where to look in this
section if you experience faults:
Region of fault
Description
Power supply
Power is not being supplied to the printer
Printing
9
The printer does not print, or stops printing
The print is faint or uneven
Dots are missing in characters or graphics
While using application software, fonts or characters cannot be printed
The nrintout is not what is exnected when runnine a nroeram
Paper feeding
Single sheets do not feed properly (without ASF)
L,
Continuous paper does not feed properly with the tractor feed
The ASF is not operating or is not feeding paper properly
Paper park (switching between continuous paper and cut sheets) is not
working properly
Text is being printed all on one line, or with extra blank lines
Page length and margin settings are not what is expected.
Remember - it is better not to attempt operations or repairs above your level
of competence. Otherwise, you run the risk of damaging the printer.
97
Power supply
If the POWER indicator does not illuminate, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the power cable properly
plugged into the electrical
outlet?
Turn off the printer, ensure the power cable is securely
connected, and then turn the printer back on.
Is power being supplied
the outlet?
to
hi theprintervoltageconect?
Turn off the printer, unplug it, and try with another
appliance to determine if electricity is being supplied to
1 that outlet.
[ Checkthebottompanelofyourprintertoensurethatthe
outletvoltagecorresponds
tothevoltagerequiredbythe
printer. If they do not match, DO NOT try to operate the
printer. Contact your supplier.
Printing
If your printer does not print, or suddenly stops printing, check the following:
Check
Is the interface
Possible remedy
cable con-
If itisnot,press
on-line.
minated?
Is the POWER
flashing?
Check both ends of the cable - printer and computer to
make sure that the connector is firmly in position.
indicator
Is the paper caught up inter-
around the print head?
the(
ON LINE
)buttontosettheprinter
If it is, the paper has run out. Load more paper.
Turn off the power, remove the jammed paper, replace,
turn on the printer, and continue printing. Make sure that
the leading edge of the paper is smooth and uncreased.
Turn off the power, remove the ribbon, retension it, and
replace it. This problem occurs most frequently with a
worn ribbon, so you may need to replace the ribbon.
Is the software you are using
properly installed for your
printer?
Check the installation settings in your software, and reinstall if necessary.
Can the printer perform selftest operations?
Turn the printer off, and turn it on again, holding down
one of the buttons to perform a self-test. If these do not
work, contact your dealer.
98
If the print is faint, or uneven, check the following:
Check
Is the ribbon
stalled?
Possible remedy
properly
in-
Is the ribbon worn out?
Check and reinstall if necessary.
The ribbon has a long life, but eventually will need
replacing. Fit a new ribbon cartridge if necessary.
If dots are missing in the printing, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Are dots missing at random
in the printing?
The ribbon has become slack, causing it to get caught
up. Stop printing, remove the ribbon cartridge, retension and replace it.
Is a line of dots missing consistently
throughout
the
printing?
The print head is damaged. Stop printing, and contact
your supplier for a new print head.
If your application software cannot print the fonts or characters selected,
check the following:
Check
Is your application
properly installed?
Possible remedy
software
Check the software installation, andre-install
ware if necessary.
the soft-
Are fonts not being selected
properly?
Check the software installation. and insert the commands necessary for font changes into the software.
Are characters other than
those
expected
being
printed?
Either you are using the wrong International Character
Set (reset with DIP switches or software commands),
or you have the wrong character set selected (for
example if characters other than IBM block graphic
characters are being printed). Correct this with DIP
switches or the appropriate software sequences.
If the printout is not what is expected:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the printer installed correctly?
Your software may think that it is driving a different
emulation to the one actually set. Check the DIP switch
settings to make sure you have the right emulation.
Is the printer not printing
anything that you are expecting?
Use the Hex Dump mode to analyze the output from the
computer to the printer. This will enable you to determine that the right escape sequences, etc are being
transmitted.
99
Paper feeding
If cut sheet paper (without the ASF) is not feeding smoothly, check the
following:
1 Check
1 Possible remedv
Is the paper release lever
pushed back (to the C position)?
Set the release lever to the c
position.
Is the paper guide in place
and vertical?
The paper guide should be in place vertically for cut
sheets to feed smoothly.
Are the left and right guides
too close together?
If the left and right guides are too close together, the
paper will not feed smoothly. Move them a little further
apart to allow the paper to feed freely.
Is the ASF selected with the
DIP switch settings?
If it is, then deselect it.
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
is illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way. Try with thinner paper.
If fanfold (continuous) paper is not being fed correctly using the tractor feed,
check the following:
Check
Possible remedv
Is the paper lever pushed to
the & position?
Make sure the release lever is pushed to the 6
tion.
Is the paper guide in the vertical position?
When using the tractor feed, the paper guide should be
horizontal.
Are the holes on each side of
the paper aligned with regard
to each other in the sprockets?
If the two sides of the paper are out of alignment, realign
them so that the sprocket holes match up.
posi-
Misalignment of the sprockets, making the paper too
loose or too’tight, will prevent a smooth paper feed.
Is the paper feeding
into the printer?
freely
The paper should not be too far from the printer (less
than 1 meter/ 3 feet), and there should be no cables or
also be feeding straight into the printer, and an angled
100
Check
Possible remedy
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
is illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way (one top copy and two NCR copies). Try
with thinner paper.
If the ASF is not operating or is not feeding paper correctly, check the
following:
Possible remedy
Check
Has the ASF option
selected
with
the
switch?
been
DIP
Select this option
Is the release lever set to the
& position?
The release
oosition.
Is the
ASF
mounted?
Make sure that the ASF is properly seated on the printer.
correctly
lever should be set to the single-sheet
Is paper caught up near the
print head?
Stop printing, remove the jammed sheet (you may have
to remove the ASF for this). and continue.
Are the left and right guides
too close together?
If the left and right guides are too close together, the
paper will not feed smoothly. Move them a little further
apart to allow the paper to feed freely.
Is there too much paper in the
paper feed hopper or stacker?
The ASF’s paper feed hopper and stacker can hold 120
sheets each. Make sure that there is no more paper than
this in either the hopper or stacker.
Was the paper fanned before
being fed into the ASF?
If this is not done, paper jams may occur. Remove the
stack of paper from the ASF and fan it before reinsert-
Has the paper been used already or is it creased?
Only new, uncreased
ASF.
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
is illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick or too
thin?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way. Try with different paper.
paper should be used with the
101
If the paper park facility does not appear to be working correctly, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
release lever in
position?
The paper release lever must be set to the yi position
after the fanfold paper has been parked.
Has the fanfold paper been
properly parked?
Make sure that the POWER indicator comes on flashing
after the fanfold paper has been parked.
Is the paper
the C
If text is being printed all on one line, or with extra blank lines, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the text all on the same
line?
Carriage
returns
are not being expanded
to
<CR> + <LF> pairs. Check the DIP switch setting and
correct.
Is text being printed
extra blank lines?
with
) Two line feeds are being printed. Either make your
software print just a carriage return or (if this is not
possible), setthe AUTOLF toOFF withtheDIPswitch
setting.
If the page length and margins are not what is expected, check the following:
1 Check
1 Possible remedv
Is the printing starting too
high or too low on the page?
Use the Micro Feed facility to adjust the print position
relative to the page.
Does the printer’s
page
length not match the physical
page length?
Use the DIP switch to set up the correct page length, or
use software commands to do it.
102
MAINTENANCE
Essentially, your printer is a robust piece of equipement, but should be
treated with a modicum of care in order to avoid malfunctions. For example:
l
l
l
Keep your printer in a “comfortable” environment. Roughly speaking, if
you are comfortable, then the environment is suitable for your printer, too
(see Chapter 1).
Do not subject the printer to physical shocks or excessive vibration.
Avoid over-dusty environments, Dust is the enemy of all precision
mechanical devices.
. To clean the exterior of the printer, use a barely damp cloth (use either
water with a little detergent or a little alcohol), but do not allow any liquid
to fall inside the printer.
l
The interior of the printer may be cleaned with a small vacuum cleaner or
a compressed-air aerosol (sold for this purpose). When performing this
operation, be sure not to bend or damage any cable connections or
electronic components.
REPLACING THE RIBBON
The ribbons used by your printer are endless-loop ribbons in which the
ribbon is recycled. When the print quality becomes too faint, you will need
to replace the ribbon.
To remove the old cartridge, take off the top cover, grasp the ribbon cartridge
by the two arms at the sides and lift straight up. To fit the new cartridge, guide
the ribbon between the print head and platen, then press down until the
cartridge snaps into place.
103
REPLACING THE PRINT HEAD
This is not a job which you will need to do very often. The print head has been
designed to give a life about 200 million dots. In normal everyday use, this
will mean years of life. However, if the print quality is faint, even after you
have changed the ribbon or you have adjusted the gap between the print head
and the platen (see Chapter l), the print head will need replacement.
Only use a replacement print head as recommended by your supplier.
1. Turn OFF the printer, and unplug the power cord.
2. Remove the top cover and ribbon cartridge.
3. If the printer has been in operation immediately before this operation, the
print head will be hot. Allow time for the print head to cool before
attemping to work on it.
4. Move the print head carriage toward the right until you can see the
connector cover. Remove the connector cover and pull the cable free
from the connector.
5. Unscrew the two screws that hold the print head in place and set them
aside.
6. Disengage the cable from the tabs holding it down, then remove the print
head.
7. For easy installation of the new print head, move the carriage toward the
left end of the rail.
8. Place the new print head on its support, seating it on the two pins.
9. Thread the new cable the same way as the old, securing it under the three
tabs on the print head carriage.
10. Plug the cable into the connector, inserting it as far as it will go.
11. Fasten the print head down with the two screws.
12. Move the carriage back toward the right and replace the connector cover.
Slide the connector cover to the left until it locks into place.
13. Replace the ribbon cartridge and top cover, and plug the power cord back
in.
104
Figure 74. Replacing the print head
105
REPLACING THE BATTERY IN THE RAM CARD
The optional RAM card has an internal battery that backs up the stored data
even when the card is removed from the printer. This battery can be used for
more than four years. To avoid losing data from the RAM card, you should
replace the battery before the end of its service life. Follow the procedure
below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Insert the RAM card in the printer as described in Chapter 1.
Turn the power switch on to supply power to the RAM card.
Unscrew the screw that holds the battery in place and set it aside.
Remove the old battery, and install the new battery the same way as the
old.
5. Fasten the battery holder plate with the screw.
6. Turn off the power switch and remove the RAM card.
106
Chapter 8
SPEClFlCAllONS
Printing system .............................. Serial Impact Dot-matrix
Printing speed ................................ 200 cps (Draft elite)
66.7 cps (LQ elite)
Print direction ............. ................... Bidirectional, logic-seeking
Unidirectional, logic-seeking
(selectable)
Number of print pins ........_.............24
Line spacing ................................... l/6, l/8, n/180, n/360 inches
Characters ...................................... ASCII
International
IBM special
IBM block graphic
Download
96
14 sets (*)
111
50
96 (**)
* USA, France, Germany, England, Denmark I, Sweden, Italy, Spain I,
’ Japan, Norway, Denmark II, Spain II, Latin America, Denmark/
Norway
** Expandable to 255 with optional RAM card
Number of columns ....................... CPI
10
Pica
12
Elite
15
Semi-condensed
17.1
Condensed pica
20
Condensed elite
Proportional
136
163
204
233
272
Variable
107
Character dot matrix ...... ................ Draft
Pica
24 x 9
Elite
24 x 9
Semi-condensed
16x7
Condensed pica
24 x 9
Condensed elite
24 x 9
Super/subscript
16x7
Proportional
Super/subscript proportional Bit image dot-matrix ........ .............. DPI
8-pin normal
60
8-pin double
120
8-pin high-speed double*
120
8-pin quadruple*
240
8-pin CRT I
80
8-pin CRT II
90
24-pin normal
60
24-pin double
120
24-pin CRT III
90
24-pin Triple
180
24-pin hex*
360
LQ
24 x 35
24 x 29
16x23
24x 18
24x 15
16x23
24 x n
16 x n
8 x 816
8 x 1632
8 x 1632
8 x 3264
8 x 1088
8 x 1224
24 x 816
24 x 1632
24 x 1224
24 x 2448
24 x 4896
* It is impossible to print adjacent dots in the mode marked with an asterisk
t*>.
Paper feed ...... ................................ Friction and push tractor (standard)
Pull tractor (option)
Paper feed speed ............................ 3.3 inches/second max
Paper width ............... ..................... Cut sheet
Fanfold (continuous)
5.5”- 16.5”
4”-16”
Copies ............................................ Original +2 copies
Maximum buffer size ..................... Without Download
With Download
1lkB
1 line
-
108
Emulations ..................................... Epson mode
IBM Proprinter mode
Interface ...... ................................... Centronics parallel (standard)
RS-232C serial (option)
Ribbon type ........ ............................ On-carriage, dedicated
Black
Ribbon life ..................................... 3 million characters (draft pica)
Dimensions ....................................590(~) x 332(d) x 127(h) mm
23.2(w) x 13.1(d) x 5(h) in
Weight ............................................ 9. lkg (20. llb)
Power supply ................................ . 120VAC, 220VAC, 240VAC 50/60Hz
(varies according to the country of purchase)
Options ...... ............... ...................... Automatic sheet feeder
RS-232C interface
Pull tractor feed
Font card
RAM card
109
The following describes the pinout of the parallel (Centronics-type) interface connector (signals which are low when active are overlined):
Pin
Function
1
STROBE
Goes from high to low (for 20.5~s) when active
2
DATA0
High when active
3
1 DATA1
1 Hiah when active
9
DATA7
High when active
10
ACK
5~s low pulse acknowledges
11
1 BUSY
receipt of data
/ Low when minter readv to receive data
12
PAPER
High when paper out. Can be disabled with DIP switch
settine
13
SELECT
High when printer is on-line
14.15
16
N/C
SIGNAL GND
Signal ground
17
1 CHASSIS
Chassis ground (isolated from signal ground)
18
I +5v
+SV DC outuut from minter
19-30
31
GND
Twisted pair ground return
RESET
When this input signal is low, printer is reset
32
ERROR
Outputs low when nrinter cannot continue. due to an error
33
EXT GND
External ground
34,35
36
110
1 Name
N/C
SELECT IN
Alwavs high
Chapter 9
CHARACTER
SETS
This chapter gives tables of the printer’s standard and IBM character sets.
The decimal character code of each character is shown in an inset to the
lower right of the character.
The hexadecimal code can be found by reading the entries at the top and left
edges of the table. for example, the character “A” is in column 4 and row 1,
so its hexadecimal character code is 4 1. this is equivalent (4 x 16 + 1 = 65)
to decimal 65, the number in the inset.
Control codes recognized by this printer are indicated by abbreviations
inside pointed brackets.< >.
<Sample>
Character
Hexadecimal
(high order)
I LI
-
I
I
Hexadecimal
(low order)
Control
code
T,r
T-’ I
Decimal
value
value
value
111
STANDARD CHARACTER
SET
1
B
A
9
8
0
n
”
Il2ti
1
1144
GDCl)
1160
%
&
1181
i66
IlUl
7
I
!BS,
8
9
208
ill?)
~170~
11861
11541
*
I v
I A.
-
11901
a
-
12141
,
240
Q
241
225
e
U
1129
b
V
n
Y
224
20923
k
F
6
F
<
D
u
E
5
-
A
II
Q
A
E
D
fir3
j-G
1149
i50
k
1
r;;;; b
11341
(BEI)
1176
1
!
C
La
e
f
k
V
12301
n
12461
IBM CHARACTER
SET #2
II O I l II 2z
3
4
5
6
7
0 [email protected]'-P
n
112
(DCl)
1
!
p-
j-T
(DC2)
2
r;
‘3 “/- 3
+
1
"
j-T
j-T4
3
114
b
h
b
pi-
114
C
s
d
t
j-z
T
J
.
.
hESC) 1 +
lJ
1 11
1 27
1 43
(FF? (FS)
,
C
/T
/Tc
r;;
m
i cn\
D
CiTjr
/-iK
k
1 261
D
s
fT
CI
a
41
l(VT)
j-i-
c
4
*
b
r;;
25_4
4 1421
I
B
j-To
k
S
a
j-T- /T
b
R
p
2
#
p
tDC4)
Q
A
Z
14
b
K
r
z
j
pi-
i22
Jiii
k
l
c
128
ii
YCI
129
IBM CHARACTER
SET #I
L
Other characters are identical to character set #2.
The-duplication of control codes enables systems with a 7-bit interface to
obtain control functions when the most significant bit is set to 1 by the
<ES0 “>” command.
116
-
IBM SPECIAL CHARACTER
SE7
.
Additional characters can be printed by special commands.
r-T77
117
INTERNATIONAL
CHARACTER
SETS
When an international character set is selected DIP switches 2-2 to 2-4 or by
a command from software, the following changes are made in the character
set:
I
1 351 36 64 91 921 93 94 96 123 124 125 126 155 157
1 Country
--.
.-
See Chapter 3 for the DIP switch settings.
The commands for selecting the international character sets are:
Standard mode: <ES0
Where n means character
are:
0 U.S.A.
1 France
2 Germany
3 England
4 Denmark I
118
“R” n
IBM mode: <FS> “R” n
code n, i.e. CHR$(n) in BASIC. The values of n
5
6
7
8
9
Sweden
Italy
Spain I
Japan
Norway
10
11
12
13
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Denmark/Norway
-
INDEX
m
Absolute horizontal tab, 65
Auto feed, 75
Automatic carriage return, 32
Automatic line feed, 34,62
Automatic sheet feeder, 10,33,74,75,
101
m
Backspace, 62
Bail lever, 3, 12, 15
BASIC, 26,78,88
Beeper, 74
Bidirectional printing, 74
Bit-image printing, 65-68,94
Bold printing, 41
Bottom margin, 33, 57
Buffer, 30,34, 108
_
Cancel command, 7 1
Carriage return, 6 1
Centering, 62
Channels of vertical tab stops, 59
Character codes, printing of all, 44
Character set commands, 43-45
Character sets, 107,111-118
Character size and pitch commands,
45-52
Character spacing, 49
Cleaning, 103
Column width, 107
Condensed pitch, 2 1,47
Connector, 3,8
Control panel, 19
Courier font style, 22, 39
IDI
DIP switches, 31-35,83
Delete, 71
Dimensions of printer, 109
Dot matrix size, 108
Double-size characters, 50, 5 1
Double-strike printing, 41
Downloadcharactercommands,69-70
Download characters, 34,69, 107
Draft quality, 22,34,38
1..E
Elite pitch, 21, 34,46
Emphasized printing, 4 1
Emulation, 33,83, 109
Entry slot, 3
Environmental requirements,
Escape sequence, 37
Expanded printing, 47
1
m
Fanfold forms:
loading, 13, 15
parking, 17
specifications, 108
unparking, 17
Fixed spacing, 49
Font card, 7
Font control commands, 38-43
Font style, 22,34,38
Form feed, 28,58
Gap, 18
Graphics, 94
Graphics commands,
65-68
119
El
Hexadecimal dump, 25-27
Horizontal position commands, 60-65
Horizontal tabulation, 64
m
IBM character sets, 43, 114-l 17
IBM mode, 33,96
IBM-PC, 26,83
Immediate print, 72
Interface:
signals, 110
specifications, 109
International characters, 34,44, 118
Italic printing, 22,40
jJI
Justification, 62
jL/
Left margin, 60
Letter Quality, 22,34,38,77
Line feed, 55
Line spacing, 53-55, 107
Locating the printer, 1
(M(
Maintenance, 103
Manual feed, 74
Margins:
bottom, 57
left, 60
right, 61
top, 57
Master print mode, 49
Micro-feed, 29
Microjustification, 49
Most significant bit, 7 1
120
lol
Off-line, 20, 73
On Line button, 20,23,73
Orator font style, 22, 39
Overlining, 42
jp/
Page feed, 28,58
Page length, 32,57
Page width, 107
Panel pitch, 24
Panel style, 25
Paper Feed button, 21,24,28,29
Paper feed, 108
Paper feeding, 100
Paper guide, 10, 15
Paper specifications, 108
Paper-out detector, 33,58
Parking, 17
Pause, 20
Pica pitch, 21,45
Pitch, 21,24,34,45,107
Pitch button, 21,24
Platen knob, 2,4
Power supply, 98
Power switch, 3
Prestige font style, 22, 34, 39
Printing, 98
Print head, 104,107
Printer commands, 37,84
Printing gap adjustment, 18
Printing mechanism, 107
Programming, 88-96
Proportional pitch, 21,48
Pull tractor, 15
1al
Quadruple-size characters, 50
Quiet print, 21,72
RAM card, 7,106
Rear cover, 3, 13
Release lever, 3, 10, 13
Reset printer, 75
Reverse line feed, 55
Reverse micro-feed, 29
Ribbon cartridge, 4,97,109
Right margin, 61
ROM character set, 70
Underlining, 4 1
Unidirectional printing, 74
Unpacking and inspection, 2
Unparking, 17
PLI
Vertical position commands,
Vertical tabulation, 60
53-60
I
Script font style, 22,34,40
Self tests, 23,24
Set/Eject Park button, 21
Setting up, 4
Single sheets:
automatic loading, 10
manual loading, 12
specifications, 108
Slash zero, 45
Specifications, 107-l 10
Sprocket feed, 13-17,108
Standard character set, 33, 43, 112113
Standard mode, 33
Style button, 22,25,30
Subscripts, 42
Superscripts, 42
Zero (slash and normal), 45
ITI
Tabulation, 59
Test patterns, 23
Top cover, 3,4
Top margin, 57
Top of form, 29
Tractor feed, 13-17, 108
Troubleshooting,
97- 102
121
COMMAND SUMMARY
MODE CONTROL CODE
Std.
IBM
std.
Std.
Std.
<BEL>
CBS>
cHT>
<Lb
<VT>
<FF>
<CR>
<so>
<Sb
<Deb
<DC2>
<DC2>
<DC3>
cDC4>
<CAN>
<DEL>
<E.SC>
cESC>
<E-SC>
<Esc>
&SC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<E.sc>
<Esc>
<Esc>
<Esc>
<ESC>
<ESCs
&SC>
cESC>
<Esc>
<ESC>
<ESC>
&SC>
<Esc>
ax>
<BC>
<EsC>
std.
IBM
Std.
IBM
std.
IBM
IBM
122
<ES0
<E-SC>
&SD
cEsc>
<ESC>
<Esc>
<EsD
&SC>
cEsc>
<ES&
<ESC>
FUNCTION
PAGE
Bell
Backspace
Horizontal tab
Line feed
Vertical tab
Fomt feed
Carriage return
Exykxi$r&or
one line
Set printer on-line
Cancel condensed printing
Pica pitch
Set printer off-line
Cancel one-line expanded printing
Cancel last line
Delete last character sent
cLF>
Reverse line feed
<FF>
Return to top of current page
<so>
Expanded printing for one line
<Sb
Condensed printing
<EM> cQ>
Manual feed
<EM> <4>
Auto feed
<EM> “R”
Eject Paper from ASF
<EM> “T’ n
Set prmt start position on ASF
<SP> n
Incmase character spacing
“1” n
Select master print mode
“#”
Accept MSB as is
“s” nl n2
Absolute horizontal tab in iches
“%” <o>
Select ROM character set
“%” <l>
Select download character set
“%” “0”
Select ROM character set
“W “1”
Select download character set
“&” CO> nl n2 m0 ml m2 dl d2 .dx
Define download characters
“*” n0 nl n2 ml m2
Select graphics mode
“+” ”
Set line spacing to n/360 inch
$‘-” co>
Stq underlining
“-” Cl>
Start underlining
“_” “(y’
Stop underlining
‘L-.*U1”
Start underlining
“p’ n0
Select vertical tab channel
‘0”
Set line spacing to l/8 inch
“1”
Set line spacing to 1160 or l/l2 inch
‘2”
Set line spacing to l/6 inch
“2”
Execute <E-SC> “A”
“3” n
“4”
;$2Tg?iJig;{;t;;~hch
“4”
“5”
Select upright characters
“5” c(h
Cancel automatic line feed
“5” < l>
Set automatic line feed
MODE CONTROL CODE
IBM
Std.
std.
IBM
std.
IBM
IBM
std.
IBM
gd4
IBM
IBM
Std.
IBM
FUNCTION
PAGE
cEsc>
<EsQ
“6”
‘7
Select character set #2
Select character set #l
<Es3
&SD
&SC>
-&SC>
<Esc>
<ES&
“8”
“9”
“:”
2” <o> n <o>
“C”
“=”
Disable paper-out detector
Enable paper-cut detector
Elite pitch
Copy character set from ROM into RAM card
One-line unidirectional printing
SetMSBtoO
<ESC>“=“~O>nlnZmOmlmZdldZ...dx
cEsc> ->”
diSC> “?” n m
<Esc> “@”
<Esc> “A” n
<ESCs “A” n
<Esc> “B” nl PI2
<o>
<Esc> “c’ n
<Esc> “c” <OS- n
<E.sc> “D” nl n2 . <o>
<Esc> “E”
<Esc> “F”
<Esc> “G”
<Esc> “H”
<ESC> “l” n
-&SC> “J” n
<ESC> “K” nl n2 ml m2
<FsC>“L”nl?L?mlmz
<Esc> “M”
<Esc> “IT’ n
-&SC> “0”
<Esc> “p”
&SC> “P’ <o>
<Esc> “p” <IS
<Esc> “Q” n
<ESC> “Q” “#”
<ESC>“R”
<Esc> “R” n
<Esc> “s” co>
<Esc> “s” <l>
<EC> us” “0”
<EC> “s” “1”
Define download characters
Set MSB to 1
Convert graphics density
Reset printer
Set line spacing to n/72 inch
Define line spacing to nf72 inch
Set vertical tab stops
Set page length to n lines
Set page length to R inches
Set horizontal tab stops
Emphasized printing
Cancel emphasized printing
Double-stnke printing
Cancel double-strike ~rintina
Select character type ‘and p&t pitch
Perform one a/180-inch or nf216-inch
Print I-bit nomtal-density
graphics
Print &bit double-density graphics
Elite pitch
Set bottom margin
Cancel top and bottom margins
Pica pitch
Select fixed spacing
Select proportional spacing
Set right margin
Set printer off-line
Reset all tab stops
Select international character set
69
71
line feed
$T!$
Superscript
Subscript
<Esc> “T
Cancel superscript or subscript
<ESC> “u” <0>
Bidirectional printing
cESC> “u” <l >
Unidirectional printing
<BC> “U” “0”
Bidirectional printing
<ESC> “U” “1”
Unidirectional printing
<ESC> “V” n dl d2
dx <ESC> “V” <o>
Repeat data
<ESC> “W” <o>
Cancel expanded printing
<Esc> “W” <1>
Expanded printing
<EC> “w” “0”
Cancel expanded printing
<BC> “w” “l”
Expanded printing
<ESC> “X” nl a2
Set left and right margins
&SCs”Y”nln2mlm2
Print &bit double-density, double-speed graphics
Print I-bit quadruple-density
graphics
<ESC> “Z” nl n2 ml m2
<ES0
“[” “@” <4> <@ <O> <O> n m
Select character height, width, and line spacing
<ESC> “[” ‘T’ <4> <o> <o> <O> n <o>
Set base unit for line spacing
52
56
65
6.5
:7”
58
45
:z
61
73
:1
::
42
ii
::
;:
72
47
t;
47
61
66
66
51
54
123
MODE CONTROL CODE
IBM
Std.
IBM
IBM
<ESC>
&SC>
<ESC>
&SC>
<ESC>
cESC>
&SC>
&SC>
&sc>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<Es(.>
Std.
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ES&
<Esc>
<ESC>
<ES&
<ESC>
-&SC>
<ESC>
&SC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ES&
<ES<ES6
<E.sc>
<BC>
<ESC>
IBM
Std.
<ESC>
<Fix>
cESC>
<Esc>
<ESC>
<Esc>
<BC>
<Es(4>
Std.
cEsc>
cESC>
<Esc>
<EsC>
<DC>
<E-SC>
<Esc>
<EC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<Esc>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<Esc>
<E-SC>
<ESC>
_ <ESC>
cE!K>
124
FUNCTION
“I” “a” nl a2 m0 ml m2 .,, Select eraohics mode
*+ nli n2
Relative horizontal tab
‘T’ nl n2
Enable printing of all character codes
“A”
Enable printing of all character codes on next
character
“-” co>
Stop overlining
“-” cl>
Start overlining
La ” “1”
Stq overlining
I.-**“1”
Start overlining
5F db
Left justify
“a” <l>
Center text
“a” <2>
Right justify
“a” <3>
Full justify
.aa.. “0”
Left justify
“a” “ 1”
Center text
“a” “2”
Right justify
“a” “3”
Full justify
“b” n0 nl n2
<o>
Set vertical tab stops in channel
“c” n
Set top margin
“d” nl n2
Relative horizontal tab in inches
“e” <O> n
Set horizontal tab stop every n columns
“e” <l> R
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
“e” “0” n
Set horizontal tab stop every n columns
“e” “ 1” n
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
“f’ <o> n
Absolute horizontal tab in columns
“f’ cl> n
Feed paper n tines
“f’ “0” n
Absolute horizontal tab in columns
“f’ “1” n
Feed paper n lines
“g”
Semi-condensed
pitch
“h” n
Select double or quadruple size
‘5” CO>
Cancel immediate print
“i” Cl>
Immediate print
.y. 4.0”
Cancel immediate print
“i” “1”
Immediate print
“j”
Stop printing
“‘j- n
Perform one n/216-inch reverse line feed
“k”n
Select LQ font style
“1” n
Set left margin
“p” <o,
Select fixed spacing
“p” Cl>
Select proportional spacing
*ap,*“0”
Select fixed spacing
“p’B ‘41”
Select proportional spacing
“g” n
Select ornament character
“s” co>
Cancel quiet mode
“S” <l>
Quiet mode
USI1“0’
Cancel quiet mode
.‘ss. “1”
Quiet mode
“t” co>
Select standard character set
“t” <l>
Select IBM character set
‘y “0”
Select standard character set
“t”” 1”
Select IBM character set
*xv**<o>
Return to normal height
((w” <l>
Print double-height characters
“w” “0”
Return to normal height
‘&w’*“1”
Print double-height characters
(‘x1’<(h
Select draft quality characters
“X0 <I>
Select LQ characters
‘Ix” “0”
Select draft quality characters
“x” “1”
Select LQ characters
“-” <(k
Select normal zero
MODE CONTROL CODE
<Es5
<Esc>
<EsC>
IBM
Ei
IBM
IBM
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
IBM
i%k4
;::
“.-” <I>
“_.. “0”
‘.-.’ “1”
cFs> “2”
<FS>
<Fs>
<Fs>
<Fs>
<Fs>
<FS>
<Es>
<FS>
<l-s>
<Fs>
<Fs>
<Fs>
“3” n
“4”
“5”
-:‘* co> n 4%
“2
“@”
“C’ n
“E” n
“F’
“I” <(h
“I” <l>
“I” “0,
<Fs>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
cFS>
“I” “1”
“Q” n
“R”
“R” n
“s” <o>
“s” <1>
FUNCTION
Select slash zero
Select normal zero
Select slash zero
Set Line spacing to l/6 inch
Set Line spacing to ni360 inch
Select itahc characters
Select uptight characters
Copy character set from ROM into RAM card
Set MSB to 0
Reset printer
Select LQ font style
Select character width
Select forward feed mode
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Set right margin
Select reverse feed mode
Select international character set
High-density elite pitch
High-speed elite pitch
High-density elite pitch
High-speed elite pitch
Return to normal height
Print double-height characters
Return to normal height
Print double-height characters
Print 24-bit hex-density graphics
Relative horizontal tab
Stop underlining
Start underlining
Manual feed
Auto feed
Cancel double-strike printing
Double-strike printing
Select Courier characters
Select Optional characters
Select Prestige characters
Select Orator characters
Select Script characters
Select draft quality characters
Select upright characters
Select italic characters
Eject paper from ASF
Select character size
Set print start position on ASF
125
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