Star Micronics Multi-Font NX-2410 User's Manual

Star Micronics Multi-Font NX-2410 User's Manual
MULTI-FONT
USERS MANUAL
NOT INTENDED
FOR SALE
Federal Communications
Commission
Radio Frequency Interference Statement
‘his equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not installed and used properly. that
is, in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s
instructions, may cause interference to radio and
is no guarantee that interfemnce wilJ not occur in a particular instaUation. If this equipment does cause
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the followmg measures:
l
Reorient the receiving antenna
l
Relocate the computer
orprinterwithrespectto the mceiver
l
Move the computer or printer away from the receiver
l
Plug the computer or printer into a different outlet so that it and the receiver ate on different branch
circuits.
If necessary, the user should consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television
technician for
additional suggestions. ‘Ibe user may find the following
ticns caMlis sion helpful: “How to Identity and Resolve Ra
Wet
is available from the U.S. Government printing office. Washington, D.C.. 20402, Stock No.
004-oooxlo345-4.
For compliance
with the Federal Noise Interference
Standard, this equipment requires a shielded cable.
The above statement applies only to printers marketed in the USA.
Statement of
The Canadian Department of Communications
Radio Interference Regulations
Ibis digital a aratus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus
dto Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
setoutinthe%a
Lz pr&sent appareiI numCrique n’6met pas de bruits radioelecttiques d6passant les limites applicables aux
aIpate.ils numCri ues de la classe B prescrites dam le Reglement sur le brouillage radiotlectrique edict6
par le minisdm 1 es Communications
du Canada.
The above statement applies only to printers marketed in CaMda.
Trademark
Acknowledgements
NX-2410, NB-15, NB24-10, XB24-15: Star Mictics
IBM PC, Proprinter X24, Proprinter II, PC-ES:
Microsoft BASIC, MS-DOS: Microsoft Co
LQ-800, LQ-1000, LQ-1500: S&o Epson rhmrp.
Co., Ltd.
International
Business Machines
Corp.
NOTICE
l
All rights reserved. Reproduction of any part of this manual in any form whatsoever without
STAR’s express gxmission
is forbidden.
l
lltecontentsof
s manual are SubJect to change without notice.
l
Ail efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the contents of this manual at the time of
press. However, should any errors be detected, STAR would greatly appreciate being informed
of them.
l
‘Ihe above notwithstanding,
STAR can assume no responsibility for any errors in this manual.
0 Copyright 1989 Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
This manual is organized into five chapters and four appendixes. To
learn how to make the best use of your printer you are urged to read all
of chapters 1 through 5. The appendixes can be referred to as necessary.
Chapter 1 explains how to get the printer unpacked and set up. Read this
chapter before you do anything else.
Chapter 2 explains the control panel. After getting set up, read this chapter
and try out the procedures in it to find out how the printer works.
Chapter 3 gives tips on using word-processing programs and other commercial software with this printer. Read this chapter in conjunction with
your software manual.
Chapter 4 is addressed to do-it-yourself programmers. It shows simple
programming examples using DOS commands and BASIC.
Chapter 5 covers maintenance and troubleshooting.
Look through
chapter to see what it contains, then refer to it as necessary later.
this
Appendix A lists the printer’s technical specifications.
Appendix B details the functions
commands.
of escape sequences and other printer
Appendix C presents a BASIC program you can use to define and download
new characters.
Appendix D presents tables of the printer’s character sets.
FEATURES OF THE PRINTER
This printer is a compact, convenient, monochrome printer with a full
complement of features, making it an excellent partner for a personal
computer. It supports the IBM/Epson printer commands and character sets,
enabling it to print just about anything your computer can generate, both
text and graphics. Some of its main features are the following:
Extensive software support
Since it is compatible with the Epson and IBM printers, it works with
any software that supports
those printers.
That includes most
word-processing and graphics programs, spreadsheets, and integrated
software packages.
l
Easy operation
Clearly understandable lamp displays and beep tones provide immediate
feedback when you press the switches on the control panel. The four switches
can operate in combinations to perform a surprising variety of functions,
including micro-alignment.
l
Easy care and maintenance
The ribbon cartridge can be replaced in seconds; the print head in a few
minutes.
l
Versatile paper handling
Single sheets, fanfold forms, and multi-copy forms (up to triple-ply)
are all accepted, and you can use either tractor or friction feed. A special
feature enables you to keep fanfold forms parked in readiness while printing
on other paper.
l
High-resolution letter-quality printing
When you select an LQ type style, the printer slows down and employs
a dense matrix of up to 24 by 35 dots to print clear, well-formed characters.
l
Large variety of type styles and sizes
The printer has one draft style and four LQ styles (Courier, Prestige,
Orator, and Script), plus italics for all styles, plus condensed print, bold
print, double-sized print, quadruple-sized print - see the samples on the
next page:
l
Type styles are:
Draft
Courier characters,
characters,
Prestige characters,
Sdp~
w,
sfm' italics
for
ALL
ORATOR
CHARACTERS,
4t.y&4.
Print pitches are:
Pica pitch (10 CPI), Elite pitch (12 CPI),
Semi-condensed
pitch
(15
CPI),
Condensedpica pitch (17 CPI),
Condensed
elite pitch (10CPI),
Normal proportional,
andcondensed proportional.
Double-height,
Double
Width,
=rripILez=
Wid-kkl,
Double-sized,
Quad-sized.
Various line and character spacings:
Other features:
, altlADmIrn,o%p%gaxm wxm
tlvm&%
Double-strike,
Emphasized,
Underlininq, Overlinlng,
SUPERSCRIPT,
SUBSCRIPT,
Download characters: f*ffftt8ttttttt
..,..
ix::..
i::
..::::.:...
,diil::::.:/::i;ii
Dot graphics: .?:
,,i;
i.-.::Y,;,i
,("'i"":i,i,,
"/ :////:
;/j:/
,. j/jjii,
'./(:
j;y:>.:
.
.
.
'(.
:>:
y,;&$;;;:
:liB;
',;i!i!i!'i!ill-,
',sl!!!!!!)y*!!.
..:::::::
,:.'..iiFkj
yg
‘:;:;::i:..;,~ii'
:/
:.:~,
.r*y,.,:
y;j+x,
;i:p
.:;:+
'iE!ii;,,
L!..
.::~
,::::.:::
~.~
::::,:::.
~ vi,.
.ij:i:/:::
.:::
//::
B:'
.:::/i/::::.'
.,,.,..
TABLEOFCONTENTS
Chapter 1
SETTING UP THE PRINTER
Locating the printer
Unpacking and inspection
Check the carton contents
Setting up
Mount the platen knob
Remove the top cover
Install the ribbon cartridge
Replace the top cover
Install the optional IC card
Connect the printer to the computer
Connect the printer’s power cord
Loading single sheets
Mount the paper guide
Semiautomatic loading
Manual loading
Loading and parking fanfold forms
Paper parking
Paper unparking
Test printing
Short self test
Long self test
Interface test
Adjusting the printing gap
DIP switch settings
Chapter 2
CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS
Switches and indicators
Power indicator
On Line switch
Paper Feed switch
Quiet Mode switch
Style/Pitch switch
Power-up functions
Short test pattern
Long test pattern
Stay in panel pitch
Stay in panel style
Hexadecimal dump
Switch combination functions
Paper parking
1
1
3
6
9
12
14
14
19
19
22
25
Page feed
Top of form
Forward micro-feed
Reverse micro-feed
Clearing the buffer
Chapter 3
USING THE PRINTER WITH
COMMERCIAL SOFTWARE
Installing your software
Printer menu
Printer command options
Type styles
Page width
Initialization sequence
Setting the DIP switches
Using your software
Page alignment
Type style and pitch selection
Other printer commands
Chapter 4
USING THE PRINTER
WITH DOS AND BASIC
Hard-copying
Programming
Programming
How the
Chapter 5
the screen
the printer with DOS commands
the printer with BASIC
program works
MAINTENANCE
AND TROUBLESHOOTING
Cleaning the printer
Replacing the ribbon
Replacing the print head
Replacing the battery in the RAM card
Troubleshooting
29
29
31
31
35
35
36
38
45
45
45
46
48
49
Appendix A TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
51
Appendix B PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
57
57
61
63
68
74
79
81
83
Font control commands
Character set commands
Character size and pitch commands
Vertical position commands
Horizontal position commands
Graphics commands
Download character commands
Other printer control commands
Appendix C DOWNLOAD
CHARACTER GENERATOR
89
Draft character
LQ character
Appendix D CHARACTER SETS
97
Standard character set
IBM character set #2
IBM character set #l
Additional character set
International character sets
INDEX
105
COMMAND SUMMARY
108
Chapter 7
SET7NVG UP THE PRINTER
Subjects covered in Chapter 1 include l
Locating the printer
l
Unpacking and inspection (names of parts)
0 Setting up
l
Loading single sheets
l
Loading and parking fanfold forms
l
Test printing
l
Adjusting the printing gap
l
Setting the DIP switches
LOCATING THE PRINTER
Give some thought to the best place to put the printer. Both the printer
and computer should be used in a normal indoor environment.
For best
performance, we recommend:
l
Place the printer on a flat surface.
l
Keep it out of direct sunlight and away from heat-producing
l
Use it only in temperatures
l
Avoid locations with dust, grease, or high humidity.
appliances.
where you are comfortable.
a , Supply it “clean” electricity. Don’t connect it to the same circuit as a large,
noise-producing appliance such as a refrigerator.
l
Make sure the line voltage is within 10% of the voltage specified on the
identification plate.
l
If you will be using fanfold forms, place the printer where the forms can
feed up to it from below, with at least a full page hanging free.
UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
Check the carton contents
Open the carton and check each item in the box against Figure l-l to
make sure that you have everything (there should be five items).
1
Figure 1-I. Check to make sure you have all five items: 1) Printer, 2) Paper guide, 3) Platen
knob, 4) Ribbon cartridge, and 5) User’s mantial.
Make an external inspection of the printer. Note the locations of the
following parts:
Bail lever:
2
opens and closes the paper bail which holds the paper
against the platen.
-
Entrv slot
\/
Rear ‘Over
Bail lever
x\v,Release
Power
Platen knob
1
Connector
1
Figure I-2. The printer’s external parts
Release lever:
Top cover:
Rear cover:
Entry slot:
Control panel:
Power switch:
Connector:
SETTING
releases the platen. This lever must be down for
printing on single sheets, and up for fanfold forms.
protects the print head and other parts.
protects the sprocket feed mechanism.
for inserting single sheets of paper.
controls various printer functions.
switches power on and off.
for connecting the computer to the printer.
UP
The platen knob is packed into a recess of the white foam packing
material which held your printer inside the packing box. Be careful to remove
the knob before disposing of the packing.
Mount the platen knob on its shaft on the right side of the printer. Turn
it until you can ‘push it in all the way.
Power should always be off when you turn the platen knob.
Remove
the top cower
Lift the front edge of the printer’s clear plastic top cover. Then disengage
the tabs at the back of the cover and remove the cover completely.
3
trgure
nemovmg me rop cgver
install the ribbon cartridge
The top side of the ribbon cartridge has a handle for turning the ribbon.
Turn this handle in the direction of the arrow to tighten the ribbon.
&we T-4. Installing the ribbon cartridge
4
Next place the ribbon cartridge on the print head carriage, guiding the
ribbon between the print head and the platen. Press down firmly on the
cartridge until it snaps into place.
Replace
the top cover
Hold the cover upright and engage the tabs at the back. Then swing
the front edge down until the cover is closed.
Leave the cover closed during normal operation. It keeps out dust and
dirt and reduces the printer’s operating sounds. Open the cover only to change
the ribbon or make an adjustment.
lnsfall the optional
IC card
This printer has five built-in character
data buffer.
styles (fonts), and a 7 K-byte
You can add more fonts or expand the data buffer by installing optional
IC cards (Font card or RAM card).
To install or change an IC card, first turn off the power switch. Then,
insert the IC card into the slot at the bottom right front of the printer and
slide it all the way in.
I
figure
1-5. Slide the IC card into the front slot with the power switch off.
5
Connect the printer to the computer
Connect the printer end of the interface cable to the connector socket
on the right side of the printer as shown in Figure 1-6.
Make sure the computer is turned OFF, then connect the other end
of the cable to your computer as described in the computer manual.
terface
cable
Figure I-6. Connecting the interface cable
Connect the printer’s power cord
Check that the printer’s power switch (located at the left front) is OFF.
Then plug the printer’s power cord into an AC wall outlet.
Never plug or unplug the power cord while the printer is turned on.
LOADING SINGLE SHEETS
This section will take you through the procedures
sheets of paper.
If you are using the optional automatic
ASF instruction booklet.
for loading single
sheet feeder (ASF), read the
Mount the paper guide
The paper guide tits into the two holes on top of the rear cover. Mount
the guide and raise it to the upright position.
6
I
guide
I
Figure i-7. Mounting the paper guide for single sheets
Semiautomatic loading
Single sheets can be loaded manually with power off, or semiautomatically with power on. We will start the easy way with semiautomatic
loading.
Check that the release lever is down and the bail lever back (bail closed),
then switch power on. You will hear a short beep tone and the Power
indicator on the control panel will flash. These are the printer’s paper-out
signals.
Place a single sheet on the paper guide and insert it down into the entry
slot as far as it will go.
Move the bail lever forward. When the bail opens, the printer feeds the
paper automatically.
Move the bail lever back. The paper will feed slightly forward again,
ending in position to print with a top margin of about one inch.
lever
I
Figure l-8. Loading a single sheet
Manual loading
It is also possible to load paper manually while the printer’s power is
off. The procedure is:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Check that printer power is off and the release lever at the back of the
printer is down.
Insert a single sheet of paper into the entry slot as far as it will go, the
same way as for semiautomatic loading.
MQve the bail lever on top of the printer forward to open the paper
bail.
Turn the platen knob clockwise until the front edge of the paper comes
out from under the top cover.
If the paper is not straight, move the release lever to the up position,
straighten the paper by hand, then move the release lever back down.
Move the bail lever back to close the paper bail.
LOADING
AND PARKING
FANFOLD
FORMS
Fanfold forms have holes along the sides and perforations between the
sheets. They are also called sprocket forms, punched forms, or just plain
“computer paper”. This printer accepts forms up to 10” wide. Fanfold forms
are loaded, parked, and unparked as explained next.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Place a stack of fanfold paper behind and at least one page-length below
the printer.
Turn the printer’s power OFF.
Set the release lever to the up position. If there is paper in the printer,
remove it. (Since the platen is released, you can just pull the paper out.)
Move the bail lever forward to open the bail.
Remove the paper guide and put it aside for the moment.
Remove the rear cover. Grip it by its front edge and lift upwards and
backwards as in Figure 1-9.
Figure
7.
8.
9.
1-9. Opening the rear cover
Open the sprocket covers on the right and left sprocket units, as shown
in Figure l-10.
Flip the clamp levers down. This allows the two sprocket units to move
freely right and left so you can align them with the holes in the paper.
Insert the front edge of the paper and tuck it in under the platen.
Clamp
lever
, ,YYrF ,-,“. vv’c,,r,ry L,lr irv,vrnrc bu.Tra Iv rnrose tne sprocltet teetn
10. Fit the holes in the paper over the sprocket pins. Check that the paper
is even.
11. Close the sprocket covers (Figure l-l 1).
12. Raise one of the clamp levers to lock one sprocket unit in place.
10
13. Turn the platen knob to feed the paper forward until it comes out from
under the top cover.
14. Move the bail lever back to close the bail.
15. Check that the paper is feeding in flat, then raise the other clamp lever
to lock the other sprocket unit.
16. Replace the rear cover. Hold it tilted upward and insert the two tabs
at the bottom into their slots. Then rotate the cover forward, pressing
down on the thumb pads on the left and right to snap it into place.
17. Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position shown in Figure 1-12,
so that it will separate the printed from the unprinted paper.
Figure l-72. Mounting the paper guide for fanfold forms
Now you are ready to switch power on and print.
Paper parking
After loading fanfold paper, you do not have to unload it when you
want to print on a single sheet. The printer will “park” it for you if you follow
the procedure below.
1.
2.
Paper parking starts with power ON, fanfold paper loaded in printing
position, the release lever up, and the bail lever back.
Press the On Line switch on the control panel to set the printer off-line
(On Line indicator off).
11
3.
Tear off the printed form at the last perforation, leaving not more than
about half a page showing above the top cover. If necessary, press the
Paper Feed switch to feed paper forward until a perforation is located
just above the top cover, and tear there.
4. Press the Quiet Mode switch on the control panel and hold it down.
5. Still holding the Quiet Mode switch down, press the Paper Feed switch.
The printer will automatically feed the fanfold form backward until the
paper is completely free of the platen.
6. Move the release lever to the down position.
7. Mount the paper guide in the upright position.
Now you can load single sheets either semiautomatically or manually,
as explained previously. The fanfold paper remains parked at the back of
the printer.
Paper unparking
When you want to resume using fanfold paper, the procedure
follows.
is as
1. Remove all single sheets from the printer and close the paper bail.
2. Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position.
3. Move the release lever to the up position.
4. With power ON, move the bail lever forward. The printer will automatically feed the parked fanfold paper into position for printing.
5. Move the bail lever back to close the bail. Now you are ready to print.
TEST PRINTING
After loading paper, you can test the printer as described next.
Short se/f test
This procedure prints a six-line “barber-pole” test pattern.
are eight inches wide, so the paper should be at least that wide.
1.
2.
3.
The lines
Check that paper is in position for printing.
With power off, press the On Line switch on the control panel and hold
it down.
Still holding the On Line switch down, turn the printer’s power on.
The printer will automatically start printing its short test pattern. You
can release the On Line switch after printing starts. To remove the paper
at the end of the test, switch power OFF, then turn the platen knob. (Don’t
turn the platen knob while power is on.)
12
I
Figure
l-73. Short test pattern
Long self test
To see the printer’s variety of type styles, you can run the long version
of the printer’s self test.
1. Check that paper is in position for printing.
2. With power off, press the Paper Feed switch on the control panel and
hold it down.
3. Still holding the Paper Feed switch down, turn the printer’s power ON.
The printer will automatically start printing a test pattern of its full
character set in various type styles. Watch the lights on the control panel;
they indicate which type style is printing.
This test repeats indefinitely in a long cycle. To stop the test, switch
power off.
interface test
After confirming that the printer works by itself, it is time to test the
interface with the computer. The simplest way to do this is with a direct
command. Power up both the printer and computer, load paper, then try
a command like one of the following:
MS-DOS or PC-DOS command:
’ A>ECHO THE INTERFACE
Microsoft BASIC command:
LPRINT
“THE
INTERFACE
WORKS>PRN
WORKS”
Or you can try any other command understood by your computer to
print a line of text. Consult your computer manual if you need help. If you
repeat the command a few times, the printout will come into view.
Next you may want to try a test printout with word-processing software,
but for this to succeed you will have to set the printer’s DIP switches (see
the end of this chapter) and install your software to support the printer
correctly (see Chapter 3).
13
ADJUSTING THE PRINTING GAP
The distance between the print head and the platen can be adjusted to
accommodate different paper thicknesses. To make this adjustment, open
the top cover. The adjustment lever is located near the left end of the paper
bail. Pulling the adjustment lever towards you widens the gap; pushing it
away from you narrows the gap.
There are four positions; you can feel the lever clicking into each position.
The first position (narrowest gap) is the one most commonly used for single
sheets of paper. Try different positions until you get the best printing results.
I
Figure l-14. Adjusting for different thicknesses of paper
DIP SWITCH SETTINGS
When you remove the printer’s cover and look inside, you will see on
the green board at the bottom of the printer two groups of small switches
marked DSWl and DSW2. These are the printer’s DIP (Dual In-line
Package) switches. DSWl has eight switches, named l-l to 1-8 from left
to right. DSW2 has eight switches named 2-l to 2-8.
For all switches, the ON position is towards the back of the printer and
the OFF position is towards the front. To set a DIP switch, use a ballpoint
pen or other small implement to move the switch to the ON or OFF position.
The printer’s power should be off when you set the DIP switches. Settings
made while power is on do not take effect until power is switched off, then
on again, because the printer reads the DIP switches only at power-up.
14
Figure
l-15. DIP switches
1
Switch 1 Function
1
ON
1
OFF
l-l
Page length
11 inches
12 inches
l-2
Auto CR
Yes
No
l-3
Bottom margin
None
1 inch
1-4
1 Auto sheet feeder
1 Inactive
Enabled
1 Active
Paper-out
l-6
Printer mode
Standard
IBM
Chamcter set (Std. Mode)
Italics
Graphics
I Character
set (IBM Mode)
I Set
#2
1
Disabled
l-5
I ‘-’
detector
1
I Set
#l
I
Print style and pitch selection
The printer is delivered with all DIP switch set to the ON position. These
are the standard settings. By changing the settings, you can alter various
printer functions to match your requirements. The following questions will
help you make the right settings.
Switch l-l:
Is the page length of your paper 11 inches or 12 inches?
Leave this switch ON if you will be using 11-inch forms. Move it to the
OFF position if you will be using 12-inch forms.
Switch l-2:
Do you want an automatic carriage return?
Normally you should leave this switch ON. The printer will automatically
perform a carriage return by moving to the left margin at each line feed.
Even if your software sends a separate carriage-return code, an extra carriage
return does no harm because two consecutive carriage returns are the same
as one. Set this switch to the OFF position only if you have a program that
needs to move the paper vertically without a carriage return, which is fairly
unusual.
Switch 1-3:
Do you want a bottom margin?
Leave this switch ON if you do not want to set the bottom margin. Move
it to the OFF position if you want to set the bottom margin to the l-inch.
Switch 1-4:
Are you going to use the automatic sheet feeder (ASF)?
To use the automatic sheet feeder, move this switch to the OFF position.
Otherwise leave it ON.
Switch l-5:
Do you want the printer to stop printing about an inch from
the end of the paper, or to keep printing to the bottom?
Leave this switch ON except when you need to print very close to the end
of the paper. When this switch is OFF the printer ignores the paper-out
detector and prints down to (and beyond) the bottom e.dge.
Switch 1-6:
Do you want to use the printer in standard mode or IBM
mode?
Select the mode compatible with your computer and software. In standard
mode the printer operates like the Epson LQ-800. In IBM mode it operates
like the’IBM Proprinter X24. The ON position selects standard mode. The
OFF position selects IBM mode.
Switch 1-7:
The action of this switch depends on the mode chosen with
switch l-6.
If you selected standard mode, do you want italics or graphic charactes?
Leave this switch ON to print italics in the standard character set. If you
set this switch to the OFF position, in place of italics you will get the graphic
characters, international characters, and mathematical symbols of IBM
character set #2. See Appendix D, character codes 128 to 254.
16
If
ON
selected
mode,
character
most
7-bit
Switch l-8:
#2,
kind).
you
is
selects
IBM
computers
set
set
an
for
or
interface
with
Do you want an automatic line feed?
If you leave this switch at the ON position, a separate line-feed code is required to obtain a line feed. If you move this switch to the OFF position,
the printer performs both a carriage return and line feed each time it receives
a carriage-return code.
Most computer systems send a line feed code, or both a carriage return and
line feed, at the end of each line, so this switch should be left ON.
If you get double line spacing when you expect single spacing, or if lines
overprint each other, try changing the setting of this switch.
Switch 2-1:
Does your software download new characters to the printer?
To download characters this switch must be OFF. The printer then uses its
RAM memory for storing character patterns and provides only a one-line
print buffer. If you leave this switch ON the printer uses its RAM memory
as an input buffer, allowing the computer to send data faster than the printer
prints.
Switches 2-2 to 2-4:
Do you want an international
character set?
International character sets differ in their assignment of 14 character codes.
See the character tables in Appendix D. With the DIP switches you can
select one of eight character sets as ‘follows:
*
Denmark/Norway
Switches 2-5 to 2-8:
when IBM character set #2 is selected.
What type style and print pitch do you want?
You can select the default type style and print pitch by setting these switches
as shown next.
*
18
Option *
10 CPI
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
Option *
12 CPI
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
If there is no Font Card in the slot, Courier style is selected.
Chapter
2
CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS
The control panel switches can be pressed singly to perform the operations indicated by their names. Other functions can be obtained by holding
these switches down when you turn the printer’s power on. Still further
functions can be executed by pressing the control panel switches in combination. This chapter explains all the switch and indicator functions.
SWITCHES
AND INDICATORS
The control panel has four switches marked:
0 On Line
l
Paper Feed
l
Quiet Mode
l
Style/Pitch
The Quiet Mode, and Style/Pitch switches respond with a beep tone
when pressed, and indicators beside them indicate their current status. There
is also a Power indicator that lights when power is on.
I
Figure
2-7. Control panel
Power indicator
The power indicator lights (yellow) when power is on.
When paper is not present, the power indicator flashes. A beep tone
also alerts you to the need to load paper.
19
On Line switch
The On Line switch sets the printer on-line and off-line. The state changes
each time you press the switch.
In the on-line state the printer receives data from the computer and
prints the data. In the off-line state the printer stops printing and sends the
computer a signal indicating that it cannot accept data.
The printer
is not present,
flashing. When
printer remains
go on-line.
powers up in the on-line state if paper is present. If paper
the printer powers up off-line with the Power indicator
you load paper the Power indicator stops flashing, but the
off-line. To start printing you must press the On Line switch
The three main times when you will want to press the On Line switch
are:
l
Before and after any other panel operation
The other panel switches operate only in the off-line state. First press
the On Line switch to go off-line, then perform the panel operation, then
press the On Line switch again to go back on-line.
l
To pause during printing
If you press the On Line switch during printing, the printer stops printing
and goes off-line, allowing you to check the printout or change a control
panel setting. Printing resumes when you press the On Line switch again
to go back on-line.
l
To cut fanfold forms at the end of printing
When using fanfold forms, if you hold the On Line switch down for 2
seconds, in addition to going off-line the printer feeds the paper about two
inches forward, allowing you to cut it off just below the last line printed.
When you press the On Line switch again to go back on-line, the paper feeds
backward about one inch, stopping in the right place to resume printing.
Paper feed switch
This switch operates only when the printer is off-line. If you press it
once the paper feeds forward by one line. If you hold this switch down, the
printer performs consecutive line feeds.
While you are feeding lines, if you also press the On Line switch, the
paper will feed to the top of the next page. This is explained later.
When power is on, always use the Paper Feed switch instead of the platen
knob to feed paper. Turn the platen knob only when power is off.
Quiet Mode switch
This switch operates off-line to select the printing mode. The printer
powers up in normal printing mode. To select the quiet mode, press the
On Line switch to go off-line, then press the Quiet Mode switch. The printer
will make two passes for each line, resulting in reduced sound (and slower
printing). To switch the quiet mode off, press this switch again. Each time
you press this switch, quiet mode toggles from on to off or from off to on.
Sty/e/Pitch switch
This switch selects the type style and the print pitch.
To change the type style, press the On Line switch to go off-line, then
press this switch once. You will hear two acknowledging beep tones. After
the beep tones, you can set the type style using the Quiet Mode switch or
the Paper Feed switch. While in this mode, these switchs works to select
the type style, instead of their normal functions.
The selections cycle in the following order when using the Quiet Mode
switch:
Draft
Courier
Courier italic
Prestige
Prestige italic
Orator
Orator italic
script
Script italic
Option
When using the Paper Feed switch, the selections cycle in the reverse
order.
To change the print pitch, press the On Line switch to go off-line, then
press this switch twice. You will hear three acknowledging beep tones. After
the beep tones, you can set the print pitch using the Quiet Mode switch or
the Paper Feed switch. While in this mode, these switchs works to select
the print pitch, instead of their’normal functions.
21
The selections
switch:
cycle in the following
(10
Pica
(12
Elite
Semi-condensed
(15
Condensed
pica
(17
Condensed elite
(20
Proportional
Condensed
proportional
When
order.
using the Paper
characters
characters
characters
characters
characters
per
per
per
per
per
Feed switch,
The type style and the print
mands given in Appendix B.
POWER-UP
order when using the Quiet Mode
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
the selections
cycle in the reverse
pitch can also be selected
by printer
com-
FUNCTIONS
In addition to their normal functions, all the control panel switches have
special functions that operate if you hold them down while switching power
on.
Stay in Panel style
and pitch
pZ?SgS~T
Stay in Panel pitch
Long test
Figure 2-2. Power-up functions of control panel
Short test pattern:
On Line switch
If held down during
(shown in Chapter 1).
Long
test pattern:
Paper
If held down during
The test cycles endlessly.
22
power-up,
this switch
prints
a short
test pattern
Feed switch
power-up, this switch prints a long test pattern.
To stop the test you must switch power off.
Stay in pane/ pitch: Style/Pitch and Paper Feed switch
By holding these switches down during power-up, you can prevent
software interference with the print pitch selected from the control panel.
You will hear an acknowledging beep as power comes on. After the beep
tone, you can set the printer off-line, select a print pitch, then return to on-line
and start printing. The pitch you selected will not be reset or otherwise
changed by any commands your software may issue.
Stay in pane/ style: Style/Pitch and Quiet Mode switch
If held down during power-up, these switches prevent software interference with the type style selected from the control panel. There will be
an acknowledging beep, after which you can set the printer off-line, select
a type style, then return to the on-line state and start printing. The selected
type style will not be changed by any commands sent by software.
If you want to protect both the Print Pitch and Type Style settings from
software changes, press only the Style/Pitch switch during power-up. There
will be two acknowledging beeps.
Pressing these switches during power-up does not prevent you from
making any number of changes later from the control panel.
Hexadecimal dump: Paper Feed and Quiet Mode switches
This feature is useful for programmers who are debugging printing
programs and want to see the actual codes the printer is receiving. (Some
computers change the codes the programmer intended.)
1.
Holding both the Paper Feed and Quiet Mode switches down, turn power
ON. A beep tone will be heard.
2. Start printing. In place of the usual printout you will get a formatted
1 dump showing exactly what data the printer receives. Each line presents
sixteen characters, their hexadecimal codes to the left and printable
characters printed on the right.
3. At the end of the hexadecimal dump, set the printer off-line with the
On Line switch. This is necessary to print the last line.
The followipg BASIC program is a simple test you can run in hexadecimal mode:
10
20
30
40
50
FOR I=0
TO 255
LPRINT
CHR$(I);
NEXT I
LPRINT
END
23
If your system passes the codes directly to the printer
them, you will get a printout like Figure 2-3.
00
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
A0
BO
CO
DO
EO
FO
OD
01
11
21
31
41
51
61
71
81
91
Al
81
Cl
Dl
El
Fl
OA
02
12
22
32
42
52
62
72
82
92
A2
B2
C2
D2
E2
F2
03
13
23
33
43
53
63
73
83
93
A3
83
C3
D3
E3
F3
04
14
24
34
44
54
64
74
84
94
A4
84
C4
04
E4
F4
05
15
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
95
A5
85
C5
D5
E5
F5
06
16
26
36
46
56
66
76
86
96
A6
86
C6
06
E6
F6
07
17
27
37
47
57
67
77
07
97
A7
87
C7
07
E7
F7
08
18
28
38
48
58
68
78
88
98
A8
88
C8
08
E8
F8
09
19
29
39
49
59
69
79
89
99
A9
B9
C9
D9
E9
F9
OA
1A
2A
3A
4A
5A
6A
7A
8A
9A
AA
BA
CA
DA
EA
FA
08
1B
25
38
48
58
66
78
88
9B
AB
BB
CB
DB
EB
FB
OC
1C
2C
3C
4C
5C
6C
7C
8C
9C
AC
BC
CC
DC
EC
FC
OD
1D
2D
3D
40
5D
6D
7D
8D
9D
AD
BD
CD
DD
ED
FD
OE
1E
2E
3E
4E
5E
6E
7E
8E
9E
AE
BE
CE
DE
EE
FE
OF
1F
2F
3F
4F
5F
6F
7F
8F
9F
AF
BF
CF
DF
EF
FF
without
changing
‘;,;#i&&;
;j;;;;:;
01234567
@ABCDEFG
PQRSTLJVW
‘abcdefg
pqrstuvw
..
.
.
. .
.
........
. . ... .
.
..
. .
89::<=>?
HIJKLMNO
XYZ[\]-hijklmno
xyz{;)-o
.
.
. ..
.
.
.
.
.
..
. .
Figure 2-3. Sample hexadecimal dump
Most BASICS, however, are not quite that straightforward.
the IBM-PC prints the following.
00
OF
20
30
40
50
60
70
01
10
21
31
41
51
61
71
02
11
22
32
42
52
62
72
03
12
23
33
43
53
63
73
04
13
24
34
44
54
64
74
05
14
25
35
45
55
65
75
06
15
26
36
46
56
66
76
07
16
27
37
47
57
67
77
08
17
28
38
48
58
68
78
09
18
29
39
49
59
69
79
OA
19
2A
3A
4A
5A
6A
7A
80
90
A0
BO
CO
DO
EO
FO
OD
81
91
Al
81
Cl
Dl
El
Fl
OA
82
92
A2
82
83
93
A3
83
84
94
A4
84
05
95
A5
B5
86
96
A6
86
07
97
A7
87
C2
D2
EZ
F2
C3
D3
E3
F3
C4
D4
E4
F4
C5
D5
E5
F5
C6
D6
E6
F6
C7
D7
E7
F7
08
96
A8
88
C8
DE
E8
F8
09
99
A9
B9
C9
D9
E9
F9
8A
9A
AA
BA
CA
DA
EA
FA
08
1B
28
38
48
58
68
78
88
98
AB
Ba
CB
DB
EB
FB
OC
1C
2C
3C
4C
5C
6C
7C
8C
9C
AC
BC
CC
DC
EC
FC
00
1D
2D
30
4D
SD
6D
70
8D
9D
AD
BD
CD
DD
ED
FD
OA
1E
2E
3E
4E
5E
6E
7E
8E
9E
AE
BE
CE
DE
EE
FE
OE
1F
2F
3F
4F
5F
6F
7F
8F
9F
AF
BF
CF
DF
EF
FF
For example,
........
_.......
!"#I$%&'
01234567
@ABCDEFG
PQRSTUVW
‘abcdefg
pqrstuvw
___.....
...
I.......
.. .
.
ox+.-./
89::<=>?
HIJKLMNO
XYZ[\I-hi jklmno
xyz{l)-o
...
. .
...
:::::::I
__......
_____...
........
::::::::
...
..
..
.. .
Figure 2-a. Sample hexadecimal dump with IBM-PC
When the IBM-PC BASIC interpreter
sends hex code OD (carriage return) it adds an extra hex OA (line feed). Hex code 1A (end-of-file) also gets
special treatment:
the interpreter
does not send it at all. This can cause
problems in programs that generate graphics or download character data,
but there is a solution. Try changing line 20 in the preceding program and
adding the coding shown below.
Coding
20
100
110
120
24
for IBM-PC
with monochrome
GOSUB
100
O=INP(&H3BD)
OUT &H3BC,I
RETURN
:IF
:OUT
display:
0<128
THEN
100
&H3BE,5
:OUT
&H3BE,4
-
F
,.
Coding for IBM-PC with color adaptor:
20 GOSUB 100
100 O=INP(&H379)
110 OUT &H378,1
120 RETURN
SWITCH
:IF
:OUT
COMBINATION
0<128
THEN 100
&H37A,5
:OUT &H37A,4
FUNCTIONS
Several additional functions can be obtained by pressing the control
panel switches in combinations.
Reverse
micro-feed
Clearing
thebuffer
Figure
2-5. Switch
combination
functions
of control
panel
Paper parking: Quiet Mode and Paper Feed switches
This procedure feeds the paper backward. It parks the fanfold form
at the back of the printer so that you can switch to single-sheet feeding (by
moving the release lever to the down position).
Before parking fanfold forms, tear off all but the last page, leaving less
(at least three inches less) than a full page showing above the top cover.
1.
2.
3.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Press the Quiet Mode switch and hold it down.
Press the Paper Feed switch. The paper will be fed out backward.
25
Page feed: Paper Feed and On Line switches
If you are using single sheets, this operation ejects the current
you are using fanfold forms, it feeds to the top of the next page.
1.
2.
3.
page. If
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Press the Paper Feed switch and hold it down. The printer will start
performing
successive line feeds.
Still holding the Paper Feed switch down, press the On Line switch, then
release both switches. The printer will smoothly eject the current page.
Top of form: Style/Pitch
and Paper Feed switches
When you turn on printer power, the top-of-form
position is automatically set to the current position. If this is not where you want the top
of the page to be, you can change the top-of-form
position as follows.
1.
7
L.
3.
4.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Move the paper to the desired top-of-form position by pressing the Paper
Feed switch, or by performing
a forward or reverse micro-feed.
Press the Style/Pitch switch and hold it down.
Press the Paper Feed switch. The printer will beep to indicate that the
top-of-form
position has been set.
Forward
micro-feed:
For line alignment,
crements as follows:
1.
2.
3.
On Line and Paper
Feed switches
you can feed the paper
forward
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
Press the On Line switch again and hold it down.
Press the Paper Feed switch. The paper will start advancing in a series
of small steps. When you want to stop, release both switches.
Reverse
micro-feed:
On Line and Quiet Mode
You can also feed the paper in small increments
to a higher position on the same page.
Note: With fanfold forms, do not try to return
perforation
may catch inside the printer.
1.
2.
3.
26
in very small in-
Press the
Press the
Press the
in a series
On Line switch to set the
On Line switch again and
Quiet Mode switch. The
of small steps. When you
switches
in reverse,
to a previous
to return
page. The
printer off-line.
hold it down.
paper will start moving backwards
want to stop, release both switches.
-
C/earing the buffer: On Line and Style/Pitch switches
When DIP switch 2-l is ON, the printer stores received data in a large
memory buffer. This creates a problem when you want to abandon a printing
job and restart: the printer may be holding much more data in its buffer
than it has actually printed, and this unprinted data must be cleared out
before restarting. Turning power off is one way to clear the buffer, but there
is another way:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Halt the printing program on the computer. If printing stops immediately, the buffer is clear and the rest of this procedure is unnecessary.
If printing does not stop, continue as follows:
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line. Printing will now
stop, but there may be data remaining in the buffer.
Press the On line switch and hold it down.
Press the Style/Pitch switch and hold it down. You will hear a beep tone
signaling that the buffer has been cleared. If you hold down these
switches in about three seconds, you will hear three beep tones signaling
that the printer has been reinitialized.
Release these switches, make any necessary control panel settings, then
set the printer back on-line.
It is essential to halt the printing program on the computer before you
go off-line. Otherwise, when you go back on-line the computer will start
sending data again and the printer will continue printing, with missing data
where the buffer was cleared.
27
MEMO
Chapter 3
USING THE PRINTER
WITH COMMERCIAL SOFTWARE
There is an abundance of commercial software available: spreadsheet
programs, word-processing programs, graphics programs, and more. This
printer will work with any program that supports a Star, Epson or IBM
dot-matrix printer. Before using the printer with commercial software,
however, there are two things you must do:
l
Install the software so that it supports the printer
l
Set the printer’s DIP switches to match the software
INSTALLING
YOUR SOFTWARE
Most commercial software includes an installation program or routine
that you can run to customize the software to lit your hardware system.
Start by reading the explanation of the installation program in your software
manual.
Printer menu
The installation program usually offers a menu of printers from which
to choose. If you find this printer on the menu, select it.
If this printer is not listed, look for the Epson LQ-800 or IBM Proprinter
X24. If these are not listed, look for another Star, Epson or IBM printer.
A few of the choices you may see are given below in order of preference:
Star
NB-15
NB24-10
NB24- 15
Epson LQ-800
LQ- 1000
LQ- 1500
IBM Proprinter
Proprinter
Proprinter
X24
II
Some menus are less explicit about model names but offer general descriptions such as “Star printer”, “Epson printer”, “IBM dot-matrix printer”,
“dot-matrix ASCII printer”, “Centronics-type printer”, “Draft printer”,
or “Standard printer”. Any of these selections should work. If you are not
sure of the righ.t selection, it does not hurt to experiment. If you choose
wrong, you will get strange printing results, but don’t worry; just try a
different selection. Don’t pick any printer described as a daisywheel printer
or laser printer.
A few installation programs may ask you not to select a printer but to
describe what your printer can do. The answers to the most often asked
questions are: Yes, this printer can do a backspace; and Yes, it can do a
hardware form feed.
29
Selecting (or describing)
a printer is the main step in the installation
process and frequently
the only step necessary. If you selected this printer
or any Star, Epson or IBM printer you should be able to use software
commands
for all the standard printer functions,
including
bold or double-strike printing, underlining,
subscripts, superscripts, margin control, linespacing control, and graphics.
Printer command
options
Besides the standard printer functions,
capabilities
your software may not be
quadruple-size
printing and the printing
control codes. Some software enables you
options in the installation
process. Read
whether you can do this and if so, how.
however, your printer has some
aware of, including
double- and
of special characters
assigned to
to define these capabilities as user
your software manual to find out
The most useful thing you can do is to define a way to enter the escape
code < ESC > , which is the control character with decimal character code
27 (hexadecimal
1B). This code usually cannot be keyed in directly (pressing
the ESC key will not work). As an installation
option, however, you may
be able to assign it to a function key or a special key combination.
Doing
so will put the full power of the printer at your disposal.
Type styles
Some word-processing
software has commands
that enable you to
change type styles in the middle of a document
without a printing pause.
To use these commands
you must generally define the printer’s type styles
(fonts) during installation,
by assigning them numbers for example. Read
your software manual for details, and refer to Appendix B for the relevant
printer commands.
Page width
Spreadsheet programs in particular may ask you to specify the printer’s
column width. The column width of this printer depends on the character
pitch used:
Pica
Elite
Semi-condensed
Condensed
pica
Condensed
elite
80 columns
96 columns
120 columns
137 columns
160 columns
(Standard
mode only)
(Standard
mode only)
The character pitch can be selected from the control panel before you
start printing, or possibly by an initialization
sequence as described next.
30
-
Initialization sequence
One of the installation options may be to specify the commands your
software sends at the beginning of each printing job. These commands are
called the “initialization sequence” or “setup string.” If necessary, you can
use the initialization sequence to adjust the margins to your paper size or
select a particular type style or pitch. You can look up the commands you
want in Appendix B.
For example, if you selected 96-column width for a spreadsheet program,
it would be convenient to add an elite pitch command to the initialization
sequence. Appendix B indicates that this command consists of the two
characters:
< ESC > “M”
which have decimal character codes 27 and 77 (hexadecimal 1B and 4D).
Your software manual or an on-screen prompt will explain how to place
these codes in the initialization sequence.
SETTING
THE DIP SWITCHES
After completing the installation of your software, check the setting
of the printer’s DIP switches, in particular DIP switch l- 6. If you selected
a Star or Epson printer on the installation menu, switch l-6 should be ON
(the factory setting). If you selected an IBM printer, switch l-6 should be
OFF.
DIP switches 1-2 (auto CR), l-7 (character set), l-8 (auto LF), and 2-l
(RAM usage) are also related to your software. Read what your software
manual has to say about carriage returns, line feeds, character sets, and
downloading characters, and refer to the explanation at the end of Chapter
1.
USING YOUR SOFTWARE
With the installation and DIP switch settings correctly completed, you
are ready to entrust most of the control of your printer to your software.
However, there will still be some things you have to do yourself.
Page alignment
If you are printing on fanfold forms, the first thing to do before you
start printing is to align the top of the forms so that printing will start at
the right position on the page, a short distance below the perforation. With
power off, you can align the forms by turning the platen knob. When power
is on, use the Paper Feed switch on the control panel.
31
Type style and pitch selection
If your software does not control the type style and pitch, you must
make these selections on the control panel. The default selections depend
on the settings of DIP switches 2-5 to 2-8. If you want a different style or
pitch, proceed as follows:
1.
2.
Hold the Style/Pitch and Quiet Mode switches down when you turn the
printer-s power on, if you intend to set the type style. Hold the Style/Pitch
and Paper Feed switches down if you intend to set the print pitch.
Hold only the Style/Pitch
switch down if you intend to make both
settings.
The printer will beep in acknowledgement
as it powers up.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer off-line.
3.
To select a type style, press the Style/Pitch
switch once and press the
Quiet Mode or Paper Feed switch one or more times.
4.
To select a print pitch, press the Style/Pitch switch again and press the
Quiet Mode or Paper Feed switch one or more times.
5.
Press the On Line switch to set the printer
back on-line.
Most programs begin each printing
job by sending a command
that
resets the printer.
That is why you must press these switches as you power
up. If you do not press these switches during power-up, the reset command
will reset your panel selections to the settings of DIP switches.
If you want to change the type style or pitch in the middle of a printing
job, one way to do this is to insert a printing pause command in your file
at the point of the change. When the printer pauses, press the On Line switch
to go off-line. If the change occurs in the middle of a line, the printer will
print the first part of the line. Now make the change with the control panel
switches, set the printer back on-line, then command your software to resume
printing.
If you were able to define software commands
for print pitch and type
style, changes like these can be inserted in your text file and made on the
fly without a printing pause.
Other printer
commands
If your software enables you to place the escape code in your files, or
if you were able to define this as a user option during installation,
you are
in a very powerful position: you can embed almost any printer command
in your files. The printer commands
are explained in detail in Appendix
B.
-
-
32
1
Most printer commands consist of the escape code followed by one or
more letters or numbers. Some examples are:
<ESC>Wl
<ESC>WO
<ESC>4
<ESC>5
Double-width characters
Normal width
Italic
Upright
Two lines with these commands embedded are shown below, together
with the printed result.
File:
<ESC>WlPRINTER
COMMANDS<ESC>WO
can help you to use <ESC>4italic<ESC>5 print.
Printout:
PRINTER
COMMANDS
can help you to use italic print.
You will probably not see the symbol < ESC > on the screen, but a
different symbol such as * E or, A[ or perhaps no symbol at all. This depends
on your software.
After printing the first page of a long job, you may want to pause to
check that the printing is correctly formatted. Press the On Line switch,
setting the printer off-line. Printing will stop immediately. To resume
printing, press the On Line switch again.
If you need to abandon a printing job before it is finished, your software
should provide a command for this purpose. Another simple expedient is
to switch the printer’s power off.
MEMO
Chapter
4
USING THE PRINTER
WITH DOS AND BASIC
Although you will probably do most of your printing with the aid of
commercial software, at times you will want to employ direct commands
or programs of your own. This chapter will give you some ideas. Three
subjects are covered:
l
Hard-copying
the screen
l
Programming
the printer with DOS commands
l
Programming
the printer with BASIC
HARD-COPYING
THE SCREEN (MS-DOS
AND PC-DOS)
If your computer has a PRTSC (or PrtSc) key, there is an easy way to
get hard copy of the screen. Press the SHIFT and PRTSC keys. The printer
will print the current screen contents. The PRTSC key works both at the
system command level and while you are running application software.
Normally the PRTSC key prints only text data, but if your DOS system
includes a file named GRAPHICS.COM, you can hard-copy graphics displays by first typing the command:
A>GRAPHICS
You will find that graphics printing takes considerably more time than
text printing. See your DOS manual for further information on the
GRAPHICS command.
At the DOS command level, there is also a simple way to have the printer
print hard copy continuously, instead of one screen at a time. Press the CTRL
key, hold it down, then also press the PRTSC key. If your computer does
not have a PRTSC key, press the CTRL and P keys. Nothing visible will
happen, but you have just switched on the print-screen function. After this,
the printer will hard-copy all text displayed. For example, try typing the
directory command:
A>DIR
You will obtain a printed directory.
35
To switch printer output off, press CTRL-PRTSC
or CTRL-P again.
Each time you press this key combination,
hard copy toggles from on to
off or from off to on.
PROGRAMMING
THE PRINTER
WITH DOS COMMANDS
If your system includes the file PRINT.COM
you can use the main
DOS printing command. Simply type the word PRINT followed by the name
of the file you want to print. To print a file named README.DOC,
for
example, type:
A>PRINT
README.DOC
The computer
printer to use:
Name
of
may respond
list
with the following
message,
asking
which
[PRN]:
device
If your computer is connected to only one printer, press RETURN
to
select the default choice (PRN). Printing will begin and the A> prompt
will reappear. You can execute other commands
or programs while the file
is being printed.
A single PRINT command can print two or more files. List the tile names
consecutively
on the same line, or use wild-card characters (* and ?). Each
file will be printed starting on a new page. The PRINT command also has
control options. For example, you can terminate a printing job in progress
with the /T option. (The printer may not stop printing immediately;
it may
have considerable
data stored ahead in its buffer.) For the /T optioqtype:
A>PRINT/T
See your DOS manual
for further
command. If your system does not include
by using the PRN device name in COPY
following:
A>COPY
A>TYPE
README.DOC
README.DOC
COPY and TYPE
the file is printing.
36
information
about the PRINT
PRINT.COM,
you can print files
or TYPE commands
such as the
PRN
> PRN
do not permit
you to execute other commands
while
-
If you want a particular type style or print pitch you can make these
settings from the control panel before you start printing. See Chapter 2.
If you print from the DOS command level very often, it will be advantageous to create a printer setup file. Then instead of setting pitches etc.
manually each time, you can complete the setup with a single command from
your computer. For example, you can create a file containing printer
commands to set the right and left margins, select letter quality, and select
elite pitch. You can find the commands in Appendix B. We suggest the
following:
0 Letter quality
Elite pitch
l Left and right margins
l
< ESC > “x”
< ESC > “!”
<ESC>
“x”
“1”
Cl>
<12>
<$Q>
< ESC > “!” < 1 > is a powerful command that, in addition to selecting
elite pitch, cancels unwanted features such as underlining which might be
left from previous commands. The angle brackets around the < I > indicate
character code 1, which is a control code, not the printable digit “1”.
< ESC > “X” < 12 > < 92 > sets the left margin in column 12 and the
right margin in column 92. This will give a 6.7~inch, 80-column printed line
with a one-inch left margin. (Elite has 12 characters per inch). < 12 > is a
control code; < 92 > is the character “\“, as you can verify in Appendix
D.
You may want to place additional commands in this file, such as line
spacing and bottom margin commands. Or you may want to create a variety
of setup tiles with a different set of commands in each.
To avoid excess line feeds, you should place the commands on one line
in the setup tile. You may or may not be able to generate a setup tile with
word-processing software; it depends on whether your software lets you enter
control codes. If your system includes the file EDLIN.COM, however, you
can easily create a setup tile with the DOS line editor.
An appropriate name for this setup tile would be LQELITE.DAT. To
use the DOS line editor, type the command EDLIN LQELITE.DAT, then
type the underlined parts of the following display. Press RETURN at the
end of each line, Don’t type the, symbol ‘lh”. This symbol means to hold
the CTRL key down while pressing the next key: for example, “V means
to type CTRL-V. ^C means to type CTRL- C, which indicates the end of
the input.
A>EDLIN
LQELITE.DAT
New file
*1
-
l:*-V[xl-V[!-VAV[XVLl
. 2-*-c!
*E
^V indicates that the following character is a control code. ^V[ enters
the < ESC > code. < ESC > has character
code 27, and “r’ is the 27th
character in ASCII sequence from A. Similarly, ^VA enters the control code
< 1 > and “VL enters the control code < 12 > . See your DOS manual if
you need further information
about EDLIN.
You can now set up the printer by sending it the file LQELITE.DAT.
To avoid unnecessary
logging of commands,
switch hard-copy output off
(by pressing
CTRL-PRTSC
if hard copy is on).
To print the file
README.DOC
in LQ elite type, give the following two commands:
A>COPY
A>PRINT
LQELITE.DAT
README.DOC
PRN
For greater convenience
you can make a batch file that will set up the
printer and print any specified file with a single command.
To create such
a batch file with the name LQPRINT.BAT,
type in the first four lines shown
next. “Z means to press the CTRL and Z keys simultaneously.
To use this
file to print README.DOC,
type the fifth line.
A>COPY
CON LQPRINT.BAT
COPY LQELITE.DAT
PRN
PRINT
%l
^Z
A>LQPRINT
README.DOC
The ‘first above line is a copy command
from the CONsole screen to
a file named LQPRINT.BAT.
The next two lines are the contents of this
file. The %l is a dummy parameter:
whatever file name you type after
LQPRINT
will be substituted
for %l and printed.
PROGRAMMING
THE PRINTER
WITH BASIC
As an example of programming
the printer in Microsoft BASIC, we
have listed the program for the IBM-PC that printed the sample of features
shown at the beginning
of this manual. This program runs in the printer’s
Standard mode (DIP switch l-6 ON).
38
--
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1480
1490
1500
) Set control codes
E$=CHR$(27)
'Escape code
D$=E$+"xO"
'Draft quality
L$=E$+"xl"
'Letter quality
C.$=Ej+"kO"+L$
'Courier characters
P$=ES+"kZ"+LS
'Prestige characters
Oi=E$+"k3"+L$
'Orator characters
S$=E$+"k4"+L$
'Script characters
'Horizontal tab
H$=CHR$(O)
'Pica pitch
PI$=E$+"P"
' Start printing
WIDTH "LPT1:",255
I;"D";CHR$(3);CHR$(24);CHR$(O);
LPRINT
I;"Type styles are:"
LPRINT
I;D$;"Draft characters,";
LPRINT
I;C$;"Courier characters,"
LPRINT
:;p$;"Prestige characters,":
LPRINT
!;O$;"Orator characters,"
LPRINT
l;s$;'t
Script characters,"
LPRINT
'Select italics
LPRINT
I;"4" *
I;D$;:'and";C$;"italics ";P$;"for ";
LPRINT
;;"a11 ";S$;"styles."
LPRINT
'Cancel italics
*"5 "
LPRINT
I
1;"Print pitches are:"
LPRINT
LPRINT H$;PI$;"Pica pitch (10 CPI),";
pitch (12 CPI),"
LPRINT HS*ES*"M"'"Elite
> I
,
Mg’ti I( Semi-condensed pitch (15 CPI),";
LPRINT H$iE$;
LPRINT HS;PI$;
'Select condensed print
LPRINT CHRS(15);
LPRINT "Condensed pica pitch (17 CPI),"
elite pitch (20 CPI),";
, ,
LPRINT HS*ES."M":"Condensed
'Cancel condensed print
LPRINT CHR$(i8)
LPRINT H$;E$;"pl"; 'Select proportional spacing
LPRINT PI$;"Normal proportional, ";
LPRINT H$;CHR$(15);"and condensed proportional.";
LPRINT CHR$(18);
'Cancel proportional epacing
LPRINT E$;"pO"
LPRINT
LPRINT H$;E$;"wl ";v'Double-height,";ES;"wO"
LPRINT H$;E$;"Wl ";"Double width,";E$;"WO"
LPRINT H$;CHR$(28);"E";CHR$(2);"Triple width,";
LPRINT CHR$(28);"E";CHR$(O)
LPRINT H$;E$;*'h";CHR$(l);"Double-sized,"
LPRINT H$:E$;t~h";CHR$(2);"Quad-sized.";
LPRINT E$:"h";CHR$(O)
LPRINT :LPRINT :LPRINT
LPRINT E'S;"Q";CHR$(47')'Set right margin
LPRINT C$:"Various line and character spacings:"
'Center text
LPRINT E$;"al"
FOR I=1 TO 7
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I); 'Set line spacing
LPRINT ES;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
1510
1520
1530
1540 FOR I=7 TO 1 STEP -1
1550 LPRINT E$:~~A";CHR$(I); 'Set line spacing
39
1560
1570
1580
1590
1600
1610
1620
1630
1640
1650
1660
1670
1680
1690
1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
2060
2070
2080
2090
2100
2110
40
LPRINT ES;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
'Left justify
LPRINT E$;"aO"
LPRINT E$;"3";CHR$(30);
'Set l/6" line spacing
'Normal character space
LPRINT EQ;" ";CHI$(O);
LPRINT :LPRINT
LPRINT C$;"Other features:"
LPRINT H$;E$;"q";Cmt$(l);"OU~INED";",
";E$;"q";CBR$(O);
LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(2):'SHADOWED";",
";E$;"q";CHR$(~);
LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(3);"OUTLINED
WITH SHADOWED":",
;
LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(O)
LPRINT H$;E$;"E";"Emphasized";E$;"F";",
I';
II
LPRINT E$;"G ";"Double-strike";E$;"H";",
LPRINT H$;E$;"-l";"Underlining";E$;"-O"~,",
";
LPRINT ES;" l";"Overlining";E$;"_O";",
LPRINT H$;E~;"SO";"SUPERSCRIPT";E$;"T";",
";
LPRINT E$;"Sl";"SUBSCRIPT";E$;"T";",
((
LPRINT H$;C$;"Download
characters: ";
GOSUB 2520
'Select superscript
LPRINT E$;"SO";
LPRINT E$;"%l";
'Select download character
FOR I=1 TO 5
'Print download character
LPRINT CHR$(BO);
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT E$;"%O";
'Cancel superscript
LPRINT E$;"T";
GOSUB 2650
'Select download character
LPRINT E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
'Print download character
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT E$;"%O";
GOSUB 2520
'Select subscript
LPRINT E$;"Sl";
'Select download character
LPRINT E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
'Print download character
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT E$;"%O";
LPRINT E$;"T"
'Cancel subscript
LPRINT H$;C$;"Dot graphics:";CHR$(13);
DIM LOGO$(4)
RESTORE 3230
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
FOR COL=l TO.100
READ GD
LOGO$(ROW)=LOGO$(ROW)+CHRS(GD)
NEXT COL
NEXT ROW
'Set e/60" line spacing
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(B);
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
LPRINT E$;"fO";CHR$(17);
'Select normal density
LPRINT E$;"*";CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(lOO);CHR$(O);
LPRINT LOGO$(ROW)
2120
2130
2140
2500
2510
2520
2530
2540
2550
2560
2570
2580
2590
2600
2610
2620
2630
2640
2650
2660
2670
2680
2690
2700
2710
2720
2730
2740
2750
2760
3000
3010
3020
3030
3040
3050
3060
3070
3080
3090
3100
3110
3120
3130
3140
3150
3160
3170
3180
3190
3200
3210
3220
3230
3240
3250
NEXT ROW
LPRINT ES;"@"
END
'Initialize
printer
' SUBROUTINES
I Define super/subscript
download character
LPRINT E$;"Sl";E$;":" ;CHR$(O);CHR$(O);CHR$(Oj;
LPRINT E$;"&";CHR$(O);CHR$(6O);CHR$(6O);
RESTORE 3020
READ LS :LPRINT CHR$(LS);
READ CW :LPRINT CHR$(CW);
READ RS :LPRINT CHR$(RS);
FOR M=l TO CW*2
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
RETURN
' Define LQ pica download character
LPRINT C$;
LPRINT E$;"&";CHR$(O);CHR$(6O);CHR$(60);
RESTORE 3100
READ LS :LPRINT CHR$(LS);
READ CW :LPRINT CHR$(CW);
READ RS :LPRINT CHR$(RS);
FOR M=l TO CW*3
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
RETURN
' DATA
* Super/subscript
download character data
DATA
7, 23,
6
0, 80,
0, 44,120
DATA
12, 0, 16,
0, 44,
DATA
64,128, 33,120, 94,128, 33,120, 94,128
DATA
33, 24, 66,
0, 33, 24, 94,128, 33,120
DATA
94,128, 33,120, 64,128, 44,120, 80, 0
DATA
44,
0, 16,
0, 12, 0
' LQ pica download
DATA
4, 29,
3
DATA
7, 0, 0,
DATA
40,
0, 0,
DATA
00, 47,192,
DATA
47, 00, 0,
DATA
80,163,192,
DATA
33, 64,
0,
DATA
80,175,192,
DATA
32, 00, 0,
DATA
19, 15,192,
DATA
8, 0, 0,
characer
data
0, 0, 0,
19, 15,192,
32, 80,
0,
80,175,192,
33; 64,
0,
80,163,192,
47, 80,
0,
80, 47,192,
40,
0, 0,
7, 0, 0
' Dot graphics data
1,
DATA
0, 0, 0, 0,
DATA
14, 14, 14, 14, 14,
3,
7,
23, 0, 0
40, 16, 0
80,175,192
47, 60,
0
80,163,192
47, 80,
0
80,175,192
40, 16, 0
23,
0, 0
7,
7,
7,
3,
7, 15
3,
15
41
3260
3270
3280
3290
3300
3310
3320
3330
3340
3350
3360
3370
3380
3390
3400
3410
3420
3430
3440
3450
3460
3470
3400
3490
3500
3510
3520
3530
3540
3550
3560
3570
3500
3590
3600
3610
3620
3630
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
15, 15, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
0,
1, 3, 3, 7, 7, 15, 14, 14, 14
14, 15, 7, 7, 7, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
1, 3, 7, 7, 7, 15, 14, 14, 14, 14
14, 7, 7, 3, 3, 15, 15, 15, 0, 0
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
0, 0, 60,255,255,255,255,255,143,
15
7, 7. 7. 7, 3, 3. 3,131,193,241
240;240;
0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0; 0;
1
121,253,253,255,255,255,143,
7, 7, 7
31,253,252,248,248,240,192,
0, 7, 15
31, 31, 15, 7, 3, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 60,255
255,255,255,255,143,
15, 7, 7, 7, 7
3, 3, 3,131,193,241,240,240,
0, 0
0, 0, 0,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
3,129,128,192,192,192,192
0, 31 31,
192,224 224,224,224,240,255,255,255,255
255,127
0, 0‘ 0‘ 0, 63,127,255,255
255,255 193,128,128,128,128,192,224,240
7, 7, 31
252,255 255,255,127, 63, 31,
254,252 248,224,128,
0, 0,
3, 7, 7
7,
3
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 31, 31,
3
129,128;192,192,192,192,192,224,224,224
224,240,255,255,255,255,255,127,
0, 0
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
0,248,248,240,224,224,112,112,
56, 56
56, 56, 56,120,120,240,240,224,224,192
128,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0,192,224,240.240
240,248,248,248,120,120,
56, 56, 56, 56
40,112,224,224,224,224,240,240,240,240
120,[email protected], 56, 56, 56, 56,120,240,224,224
193,128,
0, 0, 0, 0, 0,240,240,240
224,224,112,112,
56, 56, 56, 56, 56,120
120,240,240,224,224,192,128,
0, 0, 0
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
How the program
works
This program begins by assigning a number of printer commands to
BASIC string variables (lines 1000 to 1090). You can find most of these
commands near the beginning of Appendix B.
The WIDTH “LPTl:” 255 statement in line 1110 means infinite line
width. It prevents the IBM-PC from inserting unwanted carriage returns
and line feeds in graphics data.
42
Actual printing begins in line 1120. Using the preassigned commands,
the program prints samples of its different type styles, including a line
showing all styles in italics, followed by samples of the print pitches, then
some double and quadruple-sized printing.
Next comes the central attraction of the program: a line of text printed
fourteen times in expanding and contracting loops to give a barrel effect.
The work is done by four printer commands: a command setting the right
margin (line 1460); a centering command (line 1480); a command to vary
the line spacing (lines 1500 and 1550); and a command to micro-adjust the
space between characters (lines 1510 and 1560).
I
I
t ”
Next the program returns to normal spacing and gives a demonstration
of the printer’s word-processing abilities: outlined printing, bold printing,
underlining, subscripts, etc.
The row of telephone symbols in the next printed line is created by
downloading two new character patterns, which are printed in place of the
character “ < ” (character 60). Details can be found in Appendix C.
i
..
..
*.
c
*r
h-
c
L
L
The final part of the program uses dot graphics to print an “S&S” logo.
The dot pattern of the logo was originally laid out on graph paper, then
converted to the data in lines 3240 to 3630 with the help of a calculator.
Each number represents eight vertical dots. (See “Graphics commands” in
Appendix B for details.)
The pattern is printed in four rows, each eight dots high and 100 dots
wide. Lines 1980 to 2050 read the dot data into a string array variable named
LOGO$. Line 2060 sets the line spacing to 8/60 inch so that the rows will
connect vertically. The loop in lines 2070 to 2120 does the printing in four
passes of the print head.
This program can also be run in IBM mode (DIP switch l-6 OFF) if
you change a few of the lines as shown below to allow for differences in
some of the commands. You will get a cylinder instead of a barrel effect,
becuase the IBM mode does not have any command to micro-adjust the
character spacing.
Modifications
1090
1190
1220
1260
1300
1400
1460
1500
1510
1550
1560
for IBM mode:
'Pica pitch
PI$=CHR$(.18)
LPRINT CHR$(28);"4"; 'Select italics
'Cancel italics
LPRINT CHR$(28);"5"
' LPRINT H$;E$;"g";" Semi-condensed pitch (15 CPI),";
' LPRINT H$;E$;"M";' Condensed elite pitch (20 CPI),";
' LPRINT H$;CHR$(26);'*E";CHR$(2);"Triple
width,";
LPRINT CHR$(28);"Q";CHR$(47)
'Set right margin
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);E$;"Z":
'Set line spacing
' LPRINT ES;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);E$;"Z";
'Set line spacing
space
' LPRINT ES;” ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character
43
1600
1610
1640
1650
1660
1670
2060
2530
2540
2670
LPRINT E$;"3";CHR$(36);
'Set l/6" line spacing
'Normal character space
' LPRINT ES;" ";CHR$(O);
' LPRINT H$;E$;"q";CHR$(l);'OUTLINED";",
";E$;"q";CHR$(O);
' LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(2);'SHADOWED";",
";E$;"q";CHR$(O);
' LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(3);'0UTLINED
WITH SHADOWED";", ";
' LPRINT E$;"q";CHR$(O)
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(e);E$;"2":
' Set e/72" line spacing
LPRINT E$;"Sl";CHR$(28);':";CHR$(O);CHR$(O);CHR$(O);
LPRINT ES;"="; cHR$(o);cHR$(6o);cHR$(6o);
LPRINT ES;"="; c~$(o);c~$(6o);c~$(6o);
Chapter
5
MAIAITEIVAIVCE
AND TROUBLESHOOTING
Dust and heat will make any mechanism wear more quickly. The best
maintenance is preventive, and the first step is correct location of the printer.
This is covered in greater detail in Chapter 1, but in general an environment
comfortable for humans is best for both the computer and the printer.
Subjects covered in this chapter are:
l
Cleaning the printer
l
Replacing the ribbon
l
Replacing the print head
l
Replacing the battery in the RAM card
l
Troubleshooting
CLEANING
THE PRINTER
Cleaning the printer regularly will prolong its service life. Use a damp
cloth on the exterior every week or so. For stubborn dirt, you may moisten
the cloth with alcohol or water containing a mild detergent, but be careful
not to spill any liquid into the interior of the printer.
Use a soft brush to remove paper dust and lint from the interior. A small
vacuum cleaner can also make this task easier, but be very careful not to
bend or injure any electronic parts or wiring. The printer contains delicate
electronic parts, so only clean those places where you have easy access.
RkPLACING
THE RIBBON
The printer uses an endless-type ribbon cartridge in which the ribbon
is recycled automatically. When the print becomes faint, it is time to replace
the ribbon cartridge.
To remove.the old cartridge, take off the top cover, grasp the ribbon
cartridge by the two arms at the both sides and lift straight up. To fit the
new cartridge, guide the ribbon between the print head and platen, then
press down until the cartridge snaps into place. See Figure 5-l.
45
Figure 5-1. Replacing the ribbon cartridge
REPLACING
THE PRINT HEAD
The dot matrix print head has a life of about 200 million dots, or years
of normal use. When printing is too light even after replacing the ribbon,
you’ll know that the print head has reached the end of its service life. To
replace the print head, follow the procedure below.
As you remove the old print head, note carefully how the cable is
threaded, so that you can thread the new cable in the same way.
Warning:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
46
The print head becomes hot during operation. If you have been
using the printer, wait awhile so that the print head can cool
off.
Turn power OFF and unplug the power cord.
Remove the top cover and ribbon cartridge.
Move the print head carriage toward the right until you can see the
connector cover. Remove the connector cover and pull the cable free
from the connector.
Unscrew the two screws that hold the print head in place and set them
aside.
Disengage the cable from the tabs holding it down, then remove the
print head.
For easy installation of the new print head, move the carriage toward
the left end of the rail.
7.
8.
Place the new print head on its support, seating it on the two pins.
Thread the new cable the same way as the old, securing it under the
tabs on the print head carriage.
Plug the cable into the connector, inserting it as far as it will go,
9.
screws
Prmt head
Connector
Figure
5-2. Replacing
the print head
10. Fasten the print head down with the two screws.
11. Move the carriage back toward the right and replace the connector cover.
Slide the connector cover to the left until it locks into place.
12. Replace the ribbon cartridge and top cover, and plug the power cord
back in.
47
REPLACING
THE BATTERY
IN THE RAM CARD
The optional RAM card has an internal battery that backs up the stored
data even when the card is removed from the printer. This battery can be
used for more than four years. To avoid losing data from the RAM card,
you should replace the battery before the end of its service life. Follow the
procedure below.
1. Insert the RAM card in the printer as described in Chapter 1.
2. Turn the power switch on to supply power to the RAM card.
3. Unscrew the screw that holds the battery in place and set it aside.
4. Remove the old battery, and install the new battery the same way as
the old.
5. Fasten the battery holder plate with the screw.
6. Turn off the power switch and remove the RAM card.
Holder
Figure 5-3. Replacing the battery
TROUBLESHOOTING
n
If the printer doesn’t print:
l
Check the Power and On Line indicators. Both must be on.
l
Check that the interface cable is securely plugged in at the computer and
printer ends.
l
Make a test print. (Turn power OFF, hold the On Line or Paper Feed
switch down, then turn power ON.) If the test print succeeds, the problem
is not with the printer; try a different printing command, or try using a
different cable. If the test print fails, have the printer checked by a qualified
serviceman.
n
If fanfold paper becomes stuck:
l
Turn power off, take off the rear cover, remove the paper, and reload
the paper as described in Chapter 1.
l
Make sure the paper is placed so that it feeds into the printer straight.
n
If label paper becomes stuck:
l
Have a qualified serviceman remove any label paper that adheres inside
the printer. Do not attempt to remove it yourself.
l
Avoid using label paper with any exposed adhesive areas.
w If printing
is faint, incomplete,
or unclear:
l
Check that the ribbon cartridge is installed correctly. If the ribbon cartridge is old, replace it.
l
Adjust the printing gap. See Chapter 1.
l
If ribbon replacement or gap adjustment
replace the print head.
n
If a// text is printed on the same line:
l
Set DIP switch l-8 to the OFF (front) position.
q
If line spacing is twice as wide as expected:
l
Set DIP switoh l-8 to the ON (back) position.
n
If you can’t print to the end of the page:
l
This is normal. The printer’s paper-out detector detects the end of the
paper and stops printing about an inch above the end.
l
You can make the printer ignore the paper-out detector by setting DIP
switch l-5 to the OFF (front) position, or by using the < ESC > “8” printer
command.
does not solve the problem,
49
n
If the printed characters
screen:
l
Check DIP switches 2-2 to 2-4. When these switches are not all ON (back),
an international character set is selected and some ASCII symbols are
changed to other characters. See Appendix D.
l
Some software is not able to display international characters on the screen.
If you use an international character set you may want to paste labels
on the keyboard.
l
If you are using the IBM mode, check DIP switch l-7. Some international
characters and symbols do not print when this switch is OFF (front).
n
If some printer commands
rectly:
l
Check that the setting of DIP switch l-6 matches the type of printer your
software supports: ON (back) for Star or Epson; OFF (front) for IBM.
l
A few commands are mutually exclusive. For example, you cannot get
emphasized condensed printing.
H If you have problems
don’t match the characters
on the
are ignored or executed incor-
with horizontal
tabulation:
l
Don’t change the margins after setting tabs.
l
Don’t change the print pitch after setting tabs. The physical positions
of the tab stops do not adjust to the new print pitch.
H If you have problems
with graphics:
l
If you are using commercial software, check that it supports this printer,
or a Star, Epson or IBM printer, and that DIP switch l-6 is set correctly:
ON (back) for Star or Epson; OFF (front) for IBM.
l
Use a,hex dump to verify the codes the printer is receiving. See the graphics
command descriptions in Appendix B. Some computers insert unwanted
commands (such as carriage returns and line feeds) in graphics data, or
change the values of certain codes.
l
BASIC programs may require a WIDTH statement. Check your BASIC
manual.
H If you have problems
with download
characters:
l
Check that DIP switch 2-1 is OFF (front).
l
Make the same checks as for graphics problems.
.-
I:
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
n Printing
Mechanism
Printing method
Serial impact dot matrix
Printing speed
150 characters per second (draft pica)
50 characters per second (LQ pica)
Printing direction
Text:
Dot graphics:
n
(select-
Print head
24 Pins
Life: 200 million dots
Ribbon
Black fabric ribbon cartridge
Life: 2 million draft characters
Paper feed
Friction and push-tractor feed
Semiautomatic sheet loading
Paper feed speed
3.4 inches/second (during page feed)
Interface and Emu/a tion
Data buffer
Centronics-compatible,
7 or 8 bit,
TTL-level
7K bytes when not used for download
characters
l-Line buffer when using download
Emulation modes
Epson LQ-800 and IBM Proprinter X24
Interface
n
Bidirectional
or unidirectional
able), logic seeking
Unidirectional, logic seeking
Switches and indicators
Power switch
Rocker switch
Control panel
4 Membrane switches, 10 LED indicators
DIP switches
16 pins
Special features
Panel pitch/style lock-in
Forward and reverse micro-feed
Paper parking
Hexadecimal dump
4 Dot Matrix Size
n
52
Draft character:
24 x
24 x
16 x
24 x
24 x
16 x
9
9
7
9
9
7
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
(Pica)
(Elite)
(Semi-condensed)
(Condensed pica)
(Condensed elite)
(Super/Subscript)
LQ characters:
24 x
24 x
16 x
24 x
24 x
16 x
35 dots
29 dots
23 dots
18 dots
15 dots
23 dots
Dot graphics:
8 x 480 dots at 60 dpi (Single density)
8 x 640 dots at 80 dpi (CRT I)
8 x 720 dots at 90 dpi (CRT II)
8 x 960 dots at 120 dpi (Double density)
8 x 960 dots at 120 dpi (High speed)
8 x 1920 dots at 240 dpi (Quadruple density)
24 x 480 dots at 60 dpi (Single density)
24 x 720 dots at 90 dpi (CRT II)
24 x 960 dots at 120 dpi (Double density)
24 x 1440 dots at 180 dpi (Triple density)
24 x 2880 dots at 360 dpi (Hex density)
(Pica)
(Elite)
(Semi-condensed)
(Condensed pica)
(Condensed elite)
(Super/Subscript)
Character Sets
Standard character set
96 ASCII characters
IBM character set
244 characters
(ASCII, international
characters, symbols, block graphics)
Download characters
Max. 50 (Expandable to 221 with optional
RAM card)
International
14 sets (USA, France, Germany, England,
Denmark I, Denmark II, Sweden, Italy,
Spain I, Spain II, Japan, Norway, Latin
America, Denmark/Norway)
character sets
n
Type Sty/es and Pitches
Type styles
Draft 12, Draft 15, Courier 10, Courier
12, Courier 15, Courier proportional,
Prestige 10, Prestige 12, Prestige 15 Prestige proportional, Orator 12, Orator 15,
script 10, script 12, script 15
Extra-large characters
Double width, triple width, double height,
double width and height, quadruple width
and height
Print pitches
Pica (10 cpi)
Elite (12 cpi)
Semi-condensed
(15 cpi) [Standard mode
only1
Condensed pica (17 cpi)
Condensed elite (20 cpi) [Standard mode
only1
Proportional spacing [Courier and Prestige
characters only]
Line spacing
l/6 inch (standard)
l/8, n/60, n/72, n/180, n/216, or n/360 inch
(programmable)
Column width
Pica:
Elite:
Semi-condensed:
Condensed pica:
Condensed elite:
8 inches
80 characters
96 characters
120 characters
137 characters
160 characters
w Paper Specifications
140 to 216 mm (5.5 to 8.5 inches) wide,
’ Single sheets
0.07 to 0.10 mm thick
n
Fanfold paper
102 to 254 mm (4 to 10 inches) wide
0.07 to 0.10 mm thick (single-ply)
Max. 0.28 mm thick (3-ply)
Number of copies
Max. 3 (original + 2 copies)
Dimensions
and Weight
Dimensions
Width 410 mm (16.1 inches)
Depth 328 mm (12.9 inches)
Height 120 mm ( 4.7 inches)
Weight
6.4 kg (14.1 pounds)
53
1 Electrical
Specifications
Line voltage
n
n
120 VAC + 10%
220 VAC f 10%
240 VAC + 10%
(varies according to the country
chase)
of pur-
Line frequency
50 or 60 Hz
Power consumption
Typ. 39W, Max. 135W
Insulation resistance
10 megohms between AC power line and
chassis
Dielectric strength
Withstands 1 kVAC rms at 50 or 60 Hz
between AC power line and chassis for
at least 1 minute
Environmental
Requirements
Operating temperature
5 to 40°C (41 to 104°F)
Operating humidity
10% to 80% (no condensation)
Storage temperature
- 30 to 65°C (- 22 to 149°F)
Storage humidity
10% to 95% (at 40°C) (no condensation)
Option
Automatic sheet feeder
R fnterface Signals
Eight-bit character data. DATA8 is the
most significant bit. DATA1 is the least
significant bit. High is logic 1 and Low is
Signal
Name
Pin No.
Direction
10
KCK
OUT
11
BUSY
OUT
12
PAPER
OUT
OUT
13
SELECTED
14-15 N/C
16
SIGNAL
GND
17
CHASSIS
GND
18
+ SVDC
19-30 GND
31
m
IN
32
OUT
-
33
EXT GND
34, 35 N/C
36
SELECT IN
OUT
OUT
IN
Function
5-Microsecond
Low pulse acknowledees receipt of data.
Low when the printer is ready to accept
data.
Goes High if the printer runs out of paper.
Can be held Low permanently by turning
DIP switch l-5 off.
High when the printer is on-line.
Unused
Signal ground.
Printer’s chassis ground, isolated from
signal ground.
External SUDD~Y
of + SVDC.
Twisted pair return signal ground level.
Low input resets the printer to its power-up
condition.
Goes Low to signal that the printer cannot
mint due to an error condition.
External ground.
Unused.
Always High.
MEMO
-
56
PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
This appendix describes the printer’s control commands.
The commands
are
arranged by function. The name of each command is followed by a table like the
one below:
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
3”
<ESC>
“X”
c‘1”
<I>
27 120
49
1B
78
31
27 120
1
IB
78
01
Mode:
Indicates
Std.
IBM
Both
ASCII:
Indicates
the ASCII coding of the command.
Control
characters are enclosed in pointed brackets:
For example.
< 1 > means character code 1.
Gives the command in decimal character codes.
Gives the command in hexadecimal
character codes.
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
Parameters
such as n.
for which
values
the mode in which the command is recognized.
Standard mode (DIP switch l-6 on)
IBM mode (DIP switch l-6 off)
Both Standard and IBM modes
must be supplied
are indicated
by italic letters
Many commands
have alternative
forms. Some commands
use < ESC >
(character
code 27) in Standard mode and < FS > (character
code 28) in IBM
mode. Other commands
have parameters
that can be specified as either character
codes or digit characters,
like the parameter
1 in the sample command above.
FdNT CONTROL
COMMANDS
Select draft quality characters
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“XI’
<ESC>
?”
“0”
27 120
48
1B
78
30
co>
27 120
0
1B
78
00
Changes from letter quality to draft quality.
set to stay in panel style at power-on.
Ignored
if the printer
was
Select LQ characters
1Mode 1
Both
ASCII
1
<ESC>
“x”
iESC>
“X”
“ 1”
<I>
Decimal
1
27 120
49
27 120
1
Changes from draft quality to letter quality.
set to stay in panel style at power-on.
Ignored
Hexadecimal
IB
78
31
IB
78
01
if the printer
I
was
Select LQ type style
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“k”
n
27 107
n
1B
6B
n
<FS>
“C”
n
28
n
1c
43
n
Std.
Decimal
67
Hexadecimal
Selects an LQ type style according to the value of n. In draft mode, this
command
remains dormant and takes effect later when LQ is selected
by <ESC>
“x” 1. Ignored if the printer was set to stay in panel style
at power-on.
n
Type style
0
I
2
3
4
Courier
Optional
Prestige
Orator
Script
Select ornament
Mode
Std.
font
character
ASCII
1
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“a ”
n
Selects an ornament
127113
character
n
Character
0
1
2
3
Normal
Outlined
Shadow
Outlined
n
according
IIB
71
n
to the value of n.
-
with shadow
Select italic characters
Mode
Std.
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“4”
27
52
<FS>
“4”
28
52
Causes subsequent characters to be printed
was set to stay in panel style at power-on.
58
Hexadecimal
1B
34
1c
34
in italics. Ignored
if the printer
-
Select upright characters
Mode
Std.
IBM
<ESC>
< FS >
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
“ 5”
27
53
1B
35
“ 5”
28
53
1c
35
Stops italic printing and causes subsequent
characters
to be printed upright. Ignored if the printer was set to stay in panel style at power-on.
Emphasized
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
printing
Causes subsequent
to vertical strokes.
Cancel emphasized
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Cancels
Double-strike
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
27
“E”
characters
1B
69
to be emphasized
45
by adding extra thickness
printing
Hexadecimal
Decimal
27
“F”
emphasized
70
1B
46
printing.
printing
Hexadecimal
Decimal
27
“Cl”
IB
71
47
Causes subsequent
characters
to be printed in double-strike
mode with
a slight vertical paper motion in between, causing a thickening of horizontal strokes. For bold print, use of double-strike
is recommended
in
LQ mode, and combined use of emphasized
and double-strike
is recommended in draft mode. Double-strike
cannot be used with superscripts
or subscripts.
Cancel double-strike
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Cancels
printing
Hexadecimal
Decimal
27
“H ”
double-strike
72
1B
48
printing.
Start underlining
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“-”
< ESC >
“-”
“ 1”
<I>
27
45
49
1B 2D
31
27
45
1
1B 2D
01
Causes subsequent
characters
to be underlined.
IBM block graphics
characters and spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are not underlined.
Stop underlining
1Mode 1
Both
1
ASCII
< ESC
>
“-”
< ESC >
“-”
Decimal
27
45
48
co>
27
45
I
Hexadecimal
I
"0"
1B 2D
30
0
IB
00
IB
2D
Stops underlining.
Start overlining
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Both
< ESC >
“ 11
< ESC >
“_”
L‘,31
<I>
Hexadecimal
27
95
49
27
95
1
Causes subsequent
characters
to be overlined.
zontal tabulation
are not overlined.
IB
Spaces
5F
31
5F
01
skipped
by hori-
Stop overlining
IModel
I
ASCII
<
Both
ESC
>
<ESC>
“-39
“-”
“OX
<O>
I
Decimal
I
Hexadecimal
21
95
48
1B
5F
30
27
95
0
1B
5F
00
Stops overlining.
Superscript
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Both
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“S”
“0”
27
83
48
IB
53
30
<ESC>
“S”
co>
27
83
0
IB
53
00
Causes
change
subsequent
characters
the character pitch.
to be printed
as superscripts.
Does
not
Subscript
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Both
“S”
“1”
21
83
49
IB
53
31
<ESC>
“S”
<I>
27
83
1
1B
53
01
Causes subsequent characters
the character pitch.
Cancel superscript
IModel
/Both
<ESC>
I
as subscripts.
Decimal
1 21
“T”
Stops printing
60
to be printed
-
-
Does not change
or subscript
ASCII
I
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
superscripts
or subscripts
84
I
i1B
and returns
Hexadecimal
54
to normal
printing.
I
I
CHARACTER SET COMMANDS
Select standard character set
pi
Selects the standard character set. This is the power-up
mode if DIP switch l-7 is ON.
L
default in Standard
Select IBM character set
~~
Selects an IBM character set. This is the power-up
if DIP switch 1-7 is OFF.
default
in IBM mode
Select character set ##7
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
27
“7”
Selects character
Hexadecimal
55
IB
37
set #l.
Select character set #2
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
27
“6”
Selects character
Hexadecimal
54
1B
36
set #2.
Select international character set
Mode
Std.
IBM
Decimal
ASCli
<ESC>
“R”
n
<FS>
“R”
n
Selects an international
next.
character
Hexadecimal
27
82
n
28
82
n
set according
1B
52
n
IC
52
n
to the value of n as shown
61
n
Character
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
U.S.A
France
Germany
England
Denmark
Sweden
Italy
set
I
n
Character
set
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Spain I
Japan
Norway
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Denmark/Norway
The first eight of these character
sets (from U.S.A. to Spain I) can be
selected as power-up defaults by DIP switches 2-2 to 2-4.
Enable printing
~Mode 1
IBM
1
of all character
codes
1
ASCII
< ESC >
“\”
nl
Decimal
21
n2
92
1
nl
n2
Hexadecimal
1B
SC
nl
1
n2
Enables printing of all characters in the IBM character set, including those
assigned to character codes which are normally considered control codes.
This command
remains in effect for the next nl + nZ x 256 characters,
where nl and n,? are numbers between 0 and 255. During this interval
no control functions are executed. If a code with no assigned character
is received, the printer prints a space.
Enable printing
Mode
IIBM
of a// character
codes on next character
Decimal
ASCII
1
<ESC>
“A~’
27
This command operates
for only one character.
Hexadecimal
94
IlB
like < ESC > “\” except
SE
that it remains
in effect
Select slash zero
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
“ _ 1,
<ESC>
Causes
&‘N 3, <I>
subsequent
Select normal
IModel
Both
“ 1”
zero characters
Hexadecimal
27 126
49
27 126
1
to be overprinted
IB
7E
31
IB
7E
01
with a slash.
zero
I
ASCII
I
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“ u >.
“0”
27 126
48
1B
7E
3b
<ESC>
“ _ >. co>
27 126
0
1B
7E
00
Causes subsequent
a slash.
zero characters
to be printed
normally
(0), without
I
CHARACTER SIZE AND PITCH COMMANDS
Pica pitch
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
IBM
<DC2>
“P”
27
Hexadecimal
80
IB
50
12
18
In Standard mode, changes from either elite or semi-condensed
to pica
pitch (10 cpi) or from condensed elite to condensed pica (17 cpi). In IBM
mode, changes from either elite or condensed
to pica (IO cpi). Ignored
if the printer was set to stay in panel pitch at power-up.
Elite pitch
IModel
ASCII
IBoth
I
<ESC>
IBM
1
< ESC >
1
Decimal
1
Hexadecimal
“M”
1 27
17
IlB
4D
“:”
27
58
IIB
3A
1
I
In Standard mode, changes from either pica or semi-condensed
to elite
pitch (12 cpi) or from condensed pica to condensed elite (20 cpi). In IBM
mode, changes from either pica or condensed
to elite (12 cpi). Ignored
if the printer was set to stay in panel pitch at power-up.
High-speed
Mode
Std.
elite pitch
Decimal
ASCII
-
<FS>
3”
<FS>
“S”
“ 1”
Cl>
Hexadecimal
28
83
49
IC
53
31
28
83
1
1c
53
01
Selects high-speed draft quality with elite pitch. This command becomes
effective only after the draft quality and elite pitch have been selected.
High-density
Mode
Std.
elite pitch
Decimal
ASCII
-
Hexadecimal
IFS>
“S”
“0”
28
83
48
IC
53
30
<FS>
“S”
co>
28
83
0
1c
53
00
Selects high-density
draft quality with elite pitch. This command becomes
effective only after the draft quality and elite pitch have been selected.
Semi-condensed
Mode
Std.
pitch
ASCII
1
<ESC>
Decimal
“d’
I.27
103
Hexadecimal
IIS
67
Changes from either pica or elite to semi-condensed
pitch (15 cpi). Ignored
if the printer was set to stay in panel pitch at power-up.
63
Condensed
Mode
printing
ASCII
Decimal
Both
Hexadecimal
15
<Sl>
< SI >
<ESC>
27
I
OF
15
IB
OF
I
In Standard mode, changes from pica to condensed pica (17 cpi) or from
elite to condensed
elite (20 cpi). In IBM mode, changes from pica to
condensed
(17 cpi). Ignored if the printer was set to stay in panel pitch
at power-up.
Cancel condensed
IModel
printing
I
ASCII
&hi
<DC2>
I
Decimal
18
Hexadecimal
I
12
In Standard mode, changes from condensed pica to normal pica or from
condensed
elite to normal elite. In IBM mode, always changes to normal
pica. Ignored if the printer was set to stay in panel pitch at power-up.
Expanded
IMode I
Both
-
printing
I
ASCII
“I”
27
87
49
1B
57
31
<ESC>
“W”
Cl>
27
87
1
1B
57
01
subsequent
Cancel expanded
Both
to be expanded
printing
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“W”
“0”
27
87
48
1B
57
30
“W”
co>
27
87
0
IB
57
00
printing
<so>
<ESC>
printing
and returns
to normal
Decimal
14
<so>
width.
for one line
I
ASCII
27
I
Hexadecimal
OE
14
IB
OE
Causes subsequent characters in the current line to be expanded to double
width. Characters return to normal width after the next line feed (< LF > ).
The <DC4>,
<VT>,
< FF > , and < ESC > “W” 0 commands
also
cancel expanded printing.
64
I
width.
*ESC>
Expanded
1Mode I
to double
Decimal
Stops expanded
Both
characters
ASCII
.
Hexadecimal
“W”
Causes
Mode
I
Decimal
<ESC>
I
Caocel
one-line
Mode
ASCII
Both
<DC4>
1
expanded
printing
Hexadecimal
Decimal
I 20
I 14
Stops one-line expanded printing set with < SO > or < ESC > < SO > .
Does not cancel < ESC > “W” 1.
Select proportional
IModel
spacing
ASCII
’
Both
IBM
P
33
I
Decimal
I
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“
27 112
49
1B
70
31
<ESC>
“ P”
<I>
27 112
1
IB
70
01
<ESC>
“P”
<I>
27
1
1B
50
01
“1”
80
I
Causes subsequent Courier or Prestige characters to be proportionally
spaced. Ignored if the printer was set to stay in panel pitch at power-up.
Select fixed spacing
Mode
ID”L‘l 1 <ESC >
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
1
<ESC>
127112
Hexadecimal
70
30
“p”
<O>
I27
112
0
IIB
70
00
“P”
co>
1 27
80
0
1 1B
50
00
"D"
“0”
48
IlB
1
Causes subsequent characters to be printed with fixed character spacing.
Ignored if the printer was set to stay in panel pitch at power-up.
Select master print mode
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC’
Decimal
“,W
n
27
33
Hexadecimal
n
1B
21
n
Selects a combined print mode according to the value of n. The value
of n is the sum of the values given below for the desired characteristics.
Examples: n = 1 gives elite; n = 9 (1 + 8) gives emphasized elite; n
= 137 (1 + 8 + 128) gives underlined emphasized elite.
Function
Underline
Italic [*I]
Expanded
Double strike
Emphasized
Condensed [*2]
Proportional [*2]
Elite [*2]
.
n value
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
[*l] Ignored if the printer was set to stay in panel style at power:up.
[*2] Ignored if the printer was set to stay in panel pitch at power-up.
65
increase
IModel
Std.
character
spacing
ASCII
1 <ESC>
Decimal
I
“”
n
21
32
Increases the space between characters
from 0 to 127. Used in microjustification.
Select double or quadruple
Mode
Both
IB
by n dots,
20
where
Decimal
“h”
I
n
n is a number
size
ASCII
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
I
n
27 104
n
Hexadecimal
1B 68
n
n
Selects the size of subsequent
characters
as shown below. Extra-high
characters
align along the cap-line of normal characters,
with the base
line temporarily
moving down. Line spacing is temporarily
doubled when
n = 1 and quadrupled
when n = 2.
n
Effect
0 Normal size
1 Double-high,
double-wide
2 Quadruple-high,
quadruple-wide
Print double-height
IModel
Both
Std.
characters
I
ASCII
<ESC>
“W”
<ESC>
(‘W)’
<FS>
“V”
<FS>
“V”
“ 1”
<I>
“ 1”
Cl>
Prints subsequent
characters
line, and without
changing
Return to normal
IModel
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
I
Std.
<ESC>
“W”
1B 77
27 119
1B 77 01
1
31
28
86 49
1C
56 31
28
86
1C
56 01
1
at double height without
the line spacing.
I
moving
the base
height
“0”
co>
<FS>
“V”
“0”
<FS>
“V”
co>
Terminates
double-height
normal height.
66
Hexadecimal
27 119 49
I
“WI’
I
Decimal
I
Decimal
I27 119 48
I27 119
printing
0
28
86 48
28
86
0
and prints
I
Hexadecimal
1 1B 77
30
1 1B 77 00
IlC
1C
subsequent
56
30
56 00
characters
at
Select character
Mode
Std.
width
Decimal
ASCII
I
“E”
<FS>
n
1 28
69
Hexadecimal
IIC
n
45
n
Selects a character width according to the value of n as shown below.
n Character width
0 Normal-wide
1 Double-wide
2 Triple-wide
Select character
Mode
height,
width, and line spacing
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
“[”
<o>
Both
<4>
“@”
-co>
<o>
27
n
m
91
0
Hexadecimal
64
0
4
0
iB
n
m
5B
00
40
00
04
00
n
m
Selects a combination of character height, width, and line spacing according to the value of n and m, as below. Does not move the base line.
n
L...
L.
1
2
16
li
18
32
33
34
m
1
L
6,
L
,
L
i
L
Line spacing
I
0
2
Character height
Unchanged
Unchanged
Unchanged
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Character
width
Single width (same as < ESC > “W” 0)
Double width (same as < ESC > “W” 1)
Double-height
printing temporarily
cancels the super/subscript
and
condensed printing modes, but these modes resume when the printer
returns to normal height.
Select character
Mode
IBM
type and print pitch
ASCII
Decimal
< ESC >
“I”
n
27
Selects a combination
of character
value of n as shown below.
type
Print pitch
0
8
16
2
10
18
3
4
12
20
6
14
22
7
Resident
Resident
Resident
Resident
Resident
Resident
Resident
Download
Download
Download
Download
Download
Download
Download
Draft
Draft
Draft
LQ
LQ
LQ
LQ
Draft
Draft
Draft
LQ
LQ
LQ
LQ
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Proportional
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Pica
Elite
Condensed
Proportional
POSITION
Mode
ASCII
tESC>
Mode
was set to stay in panel
and/or
Decimal
the paper advances
or reverses
Decimal
“1”
panel
style
Hexadecimal
IB
30
in subsequent
line feeds
to 7160 or 7172 inch
ASCII
< ESC >
pitch
to the
COMMANDS
27 48
“0”
Set line spacing
n
to 718 inch
Sets the distance
to l/8 inch.
Both
1B 49
type and print pitch according
Character
Set line spacing
Both
Hexadecimal
n
n
Ignored if the printer
at power-up.
VERTICAL
73
27
49
Hexadecimal
1B 31
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent
to 7/60 inch (Standard mode) or 7/72 inch (IBM mode).
line feeds
Set line spacing
Mode
Std.
to 116 inch
Decimal
ASCII
1
IBM
< ESC >
<FS>
Hexadecimal
“2”
27
50
IB
32
“2”
28
50
IC
32
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent
to l/6 inch.
line feeds
Set base unit for line spacing
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“1..
<o>
IBM
“\‘1
<o>
<4>
<o>
27
<o>
91
0
0
Sets the base
< ESC > “J”.
the value of n
this command
< ESC > “3”
li216”.
Mode
Both
-cESC>
Sets the
to n/180
between
set to 0.
Bbth
0
5B
00
5C 04
00 00 00
n
to n/180 or n/276 inch
Decimal
“ 3”
n
127
51
Hexadecimal
n
IIB
33
n
I
distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line feeds
inch (Standard mode) or n/216 inch (IBM mode), where n is
0 and 255. If n = 0, in Standard mode the line-feed distance is
but in IBM mode this command is ignored.
Set line spacing
Mode
0
1B
unit for the line spacing commands, < ESC > “3” and
lf the value of n is 180. the base unit is set to l/180”. If
is 216, the base unit is set to l/216”. If otherwise specified,
is ignored. This command becomes effective only after
or < ESC > “J” is received. The default base unit is set to
ASCII
I
4
n
n
Set line spacing
Hexadecimal
92
to n/360 inch
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
.‘ + .’
,I
27
43
n
18
2B
n
IFS>
‘*3 ”
n
28
51
n
1C
33
n
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line feeds
to n/360 inch, where n is between 0 and 255. Ifn = 0, the line-feed distance
is set to 0.
Set line spacing
Mode
to n/60 oy n/72 inch
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Std.
<ESC>
“A”
n
27
65
n
1B
41
n
IBM
<FS>
“A”
n
28
65
n
1C
41
n
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line feeds
to n/60 inch (Standard mode) or n/72 inch (IBM mode), where n is between
0 and 255. If n = 0, the line spacing is set to 0.
69
Define line spacing
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
to n/72 inch
Decimal
“A”
n
27
65
Hexadecimal
n
1B 41
n
Defines the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent
lines
feeds to n/72 inch, where n is between 1 and 85. If n = 0, this command
is ignored. The new line spacing does not take effect until the next < ESC >
“2” command.
Execute
< ESC > “A”
Mode
ASCII
IBM
‘ESC>
Decimal
“2”
27
Hexadecimal
50
1B 32
Sets the line spacing to the value defined by the last preceding
< ESC >
“A” command.
Sets the line spacing to l/6 inch if there is no preceding
< ESC > “A” command.
Line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both 1
<LF>
Decimal
1 10
Hexadecimal
I
IOA
Prints the current line and feeds the paper to the next line. If DIP switch
l-2 is ON, also moves the next print position to the left margin. See the
preceding commands
for the line spacing.
Reverse
Mode 1
line feed
Decimal
ASCII
Both 1 <ESC>
<LF>
27
10
Hexadecimal
IlB
I
OA
I
Prints the current line and feeds the paper in the reverse direction to the
preceding line. If DIP switch l-2 is ON, also moves the next print position
to the left margin. See the preceding
commands
for the line spacing.
Ignored when friction feed is used.
Select forward
Mode
Std.
feed mode
ASCII
1
<FS>
Decimal
“F”
1 28
70
Cancels the reverse feed mode and selects forward
default setting at power-up.
Select reverse
I Mode I
Std.
46
I
feed mode. This is the
feed mode
I
ASCII
<FS>
Hexadecimal
IlC
“R”
Selects reverse
ments. Ignored
Decimal
28
82
feed mode. Reverses the direction
when friction feed is used.
Ii
I
Hexadecimal
1C
52
of all vertical
move-
Perform
one n/780-inch or n/276-inch line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“J”
27
n
74
n
1B4A
n
Feeds the paper once by n/180 inches (Standard mode) or n/216 inches
(IBM mode), where n is between 0 and 255. Does not move the print
position right or left when DIP switch 1-2 is OFF; returns the carriage
to the left margin if DIP switch 1-2 is ON.
Does not change the
line-spacing
setting.
Perform
Mode
Std.
one n/180-inch reverse
line feed
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“j”
n
21 106
n
IlB
6A
I
n
I
Feeds the paper once by n/180 inches in the reverse direction, where n
is between 0 and 255. Does not move the print position right or left when
DIP switch 1-2 is OFF; returns the carriage to the left margin if DIP switch
1-2 is ON. Does not change the line-spacing setting. Ignored when friction
feed is used.
Feed paper n lines
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“f’
“I”
n
27 102
49
n
IB
66
31
n
<ESC>
“f
<I>
n
27 102
1
n
1B
66
01
n
Feeds
iii.
the paper
n lines from the current
line, where n is between
0 and
Set top of page at current position
1Mode 1
I
IBM
ASCII
<ESC>
1
Decimal
I
27
“4”
52
Hexadecimal
1B
Sets the current position as the top-of-page
also be done from the control panel.
position.
34
I
Note that this can
Set page length to n lines
Mode
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
“C”
n
21
67
n
IB
43
1
n
Sets the page length ton lines in the current line spacing, where n is between
1 and 127 in Standard mode or between 1 and 255 in IBM mode. Changing
the line spacing later does not alter the physical page length. The current
line becomes the top of the page.
Set page Iength to n inches
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“C”
co>
27
n
67
0
n
1B
43
00
n
Sets the page length to n inches, where n is between 1 and 22 in Standard
mode or between 1 and 127 in IBM mode. The current line becomes the
top of the page.
Set
fop
Mode
Both
margin
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“C"
21
n
99
Hexadecimal
n
IB
Sets the top margin to n lines, where n is between
begins on the (n + 1)th line on the page.
63
n
1 and 255.
Printing
Set bottom margin
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“N”
n
27
78
Hexadecimal
n
lB4E
n
Sets the bottom margin to n lines, where n is between 1 and 127 in Standard
mode or between 1 and 255 in IBM mode. The bottom margin is reset
when you change the page length.
Cancel top and bottom margins
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
Cancels
21
“0”
both the top margin
Hexadecimal
79
and the bottom
1B
4F
margin.
Form feed
Mode
ASCII
Both t
<FF>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
I 12
lot
I
Feeds the paper to the top of the next page according to the current page
length, and moves the print position to the left margin. When the automatic sheet feeder (ASF) is selected (DIP switch 1-4 is OFF), this command ejects the current page.
Return to top of current page
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
<FF>
Feeds the paper backward
friction feed is used.
72
(27
12
to the top of the current
Hexadecimal
(1B
OC
page. Ignored
I
when
Disable
Mode
Both
paper-out
detector
Decimal
ASCII
1
<ESC>
1 21
“8”
Hexadecimal
56
IIB
38
Causes the printer to disregard the signal sent by the paper-out detector.
enabling printing to the bottom of the paper. Overrides
the setting of
DIP switch 1-5.
Enable paper-out
Mode
Both
detector
Decimal
ASCII
I
<ESC>
127
“9”
Hexadecimal
57
1 IB
39
Causes the printer to stop printing about an inch before
paper. Overrides the setting of DIP switch 1-5.
Set vertical
Mode
Both
tab stops
ASCII
I
<ESC>
the end of the
Decimal
“B”
nl
n2
. ..<o 4 27
66
Hexadecimal
nl
n-7 . ..O 1 IB
42
nl
a?...00
-I
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new vertical tab stops at
lines FII, n2, etc., where nl, n2, etc. are numbers between I and 255. A
maximum
of 16 vertical tab stops can be set. The tab stops must be
specified in ascending order; any violation of ascending order terminates
the tab stop list. Standard termination
is by the < 0 > control code. The
vertical tab stops are set in terms of the current line spacing and do not
move if the line spacing is changed later.
Set vertical
IModel
Both
tab stops every n lines
I
ASCII
<ESC>
“e”
<ESC>
“e”
“ 1”
cl>
I
Decimal
Hexadecimal
n
27 101
49
n
lB6531
n
27 101
1
n
1B
65
I
n
I
n
01
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new tab stops every n lines,
where n is between 1 and 127.
Set vertical
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
tab stops in channel
“b”
n0
n2 ...<O>
nl
21
n2
98 n0
0
Hexadecimal
nl
1B
62
n2
n0
I
nl
00
Cancels all current vertical tab stops in channel no, (where no is between
0 and 7) and sets new vertical tab stops in this channel. (A channel is a
set of vertical tab stops selected by the < ESC > “/” command.)
See
< ESC > “B” for parameters
nI, n2, . . . < 0 >
73
Select vertical
Mode 1
Both
1
tab channel
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
“i”
no
I 27
47
n0
Hexadecimal
IlB
2F
n0
Selects a set of vertical tab stops designated
by a channel number (no)
from 0 to 7. The tab stops in each channel are set by < ESC > “b”.
Vertical tab
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
1
<VT>
I
11
Hexadecimal
1
OB
Feeds the paper to the next vertical tab stop and moves the print position
to the left margin. Performs a line feed if no vertical tabs are set, as at
power-up.
Feeds to the top of the next page if vertical tabs are set but
the current line is at or below the last vertical tab stop.
HORIZONTAL
POSITION
COMMANDS
Set left margin
IModel
IBoth
ASCII
1
< ESC >
Decimal
I
“1”
n
127108
Hexadecimal
I
n
11~
6C
n
Sets the left margin at column n (where n is between 0 and 255) in the
current character
pitch (pica pitch if proportional
spacing is selected).
The left margin does not move if the character
pitch is changed later.
The left margin must be at least two columns to the left of the right margin
and within the limits below:
Osns76
07n791
0 <n 2 114
0 7n 7 130
0 zn < 152
O<nT38
osnT45
OZnl57
Olnl64
O&z276
Pica
Elite
Semi-condensed
Condensed
pica
Condensed
elite
Expanded pica
Expanded elite
Expanded semi-condensed
Expanded condensed
pica
Expanded condensed
elite
Set right margin
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Std.
<ESC>
“Q”
n
27
81
n
1B
51
n
IBM
<FS>
“Q”
n
28
81
n
1C
51
n
1
I
Sets the right margin at column n in the current character
pitch (pica
pitch if proportional
spacing is currently selected).
Column n becomes
the last character position in the line. The right margin does not move
if the character pitch is changed later. The right margin must be within
the limits below:
Pica
Elite
Semi-condensed
Condensed
pica
Condensed
elite
Expanded pica
Expanded elite
Expanded semi-condensed
Expanded condensed
pica
Expanded condensed
elite
4snn80
5sns96
6 sn 5 120
7 5 n 5 137
8 5 n 6 160
2snj40
3snn448
3sns60
4sns68
4jnj80
Set left and right margins
Mode
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
I
“X”
nl
n2
I27
88
nl
n2
IlB
58
nl
n2
Sets the left margin at column nl and the right margin at column n2.
See the preceding commands
for margin restrictions
and other notes.
Carriage
Mode
Both
return
I
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
I
<CR>
1
13
Prints the current line and returns the next print position
If DIP switch l-8 is ON, also performs a line feed.
Set automatic
Mdde
IBM
to the left margin.
line feed
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
OD
” 5”
<I>
21
53
1
1B
35
01
Causes the printer to perform both a carriage return and line feed each
time it receives a < CR > code. This command takes priority over DIP
switch 1-8.
Cancel autoniatic
I
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Mode
IBM
line feed
“ 5”
co>
Causes the printer to perform
< CR > code. This command
127
53
0
1 IB
35
00
only a carriage return when it receives
takes priority over DIP switch l-8.
a
Backspace
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Both
CBS>
8
08
Moves
the print position one column to the left. Ignored if the print
position is at the left margin. This command
can be used to overstrike
or combine characters.
Left justify
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“a”
“0”
27
91
48
1B
61
30
<ESC>
“a”
co>
27
97
0
1B
61
00
Aligns subsequent
ragged.
text with
the left margin,
leaving
the right
margin
Center text
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“a”
<ESC>
“a”
Centers
I‘ 1”
Cl>
subsequent
text between
Hexadecimal
21
97
49
1B
61
31
27
97
1
1B
61
01
the left and right margins.
Right justify
Mode
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“a”
“2”
27
97
50
1B
61
32
<ESC>
“a”
c2>
27
97
2
1B
61
02
Aligns subsequent
tagged.
text with the right
margin,
leaving
the left margin
Full justify
Mode
Both
76
...
Decimal
ASCII
cESC>
“a”
<ESC>
“a”
Aligns
subsequent
“3”
<3>
text between
Hexadecimal
27
97
51
1B
61
33
27
97
3
1B
61
03
the left and right margins.
-
Set horizontal
Mode
Both
tab stops
ASCII
I
Decimal
“D”
<ESC>
nl
n2 ...<O>
27
Hexadecimal
68 nl
n2... 0 IB
44
nl
n2...00
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops at columns
nl, a?, etc. in the current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional
spacing
is currently selected), where nl, ~2, etc. are numbers between 1 and 255.
The maximum number of horizontal
tab stops allowed is 32 in Standard
mode and 28 in IBM mode. The tab stops must be specified in ascending
order; any violation
of ascending
order terminates
the tab stop list.
Standard termination
is by the < 0 > control code. To clear all tab stops,
specify < ESC > “D” < 0 >
Set horizontal
Mode
Both
tab stop every
ASCII
n columns
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“e”
“0”
n
27 101
48
n
1B
65
30
n
<ESC>
“e”
CO>
n
27 101
0
n
IB
65
00
n
Cancels all current horizontal
tab stops and sets new tab stops
columns, where n is between 1 and 127.
every tz
Reset a// tab stops
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
“R”
2-l 82
Hexadecimal
1B
52
Resets the horizontal
tab stops to their power-up values in which a tab
stop is set every 8 columns starting at column 9. Also clears all vertical
tab stops.
Horizontal
tab
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Both
<HT>
9
09
Moves
the print position to the next horizontal tab stop. Ignored if there
is no next horizontal
tab stop in the current line. Note that when underlining,is
selected, spaces skipped by horizontal
tabulation
are not
underlined.
77
Relative
Mode
horizontal
tab
<ESC>
IBM
< FS >
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Std.
I“’
\
nl
n?
21
92
nl
n2
1B 5C
nl
n2
“\”
nl
n2
28
92
nl
n2
1C
nl
n2
5C
Moves the print position right or left a specified distance (maximum 6
inches). Ignored if the resulting position is beyond the right or left margin.
The formulas for the distance and direction are as follows:
If n2 is between 0 and 63, the print head moves right by (nl + n2 x 256)
dots
If n2 is between 64 and 127, the print head moves left by (nl + [n2 641 x 256) dots
Relative
horizontal
IModel
ASCII
IIBM I
<ESC>
tab in inches
I
“d”
nl
n2
Hexadecimal
Decimal
127 lEpnl
n2
11~
64
nl
n,?
Sets the next print position to (nr + n2 x 256)/120 inches from the current
position. Ignored if this position is beyond the right margin. The maximum
position is 8 inches.
Absolute
Mode
Both
horizontal
tab in inches
Decimal
ASCII
I
<ESC>
“S”
nl
n2
I21
36
Hexadecimal
nl
n2
Sets the next print position to (nl + n2 x 256)/60
margin on the current line. Ignored if this position
margin. The maximum position is 8 inches.
Absolute
Mode
IlB
24
nl
n2
inches from the left
is beyond the right
horizontal tab in co/umns
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“f’
<ESC>
“f
Both
“0”
n
CO>
n
Moves the next print position
n is between 0 and 127.
27 102
27 102
to column
Hexadecimal
48
n
1B
66
30
0
n
1B
66
00
n from the left margin,
n
n
where
I
I
GRAPHICS
COMMANDS
Print 8-bit sing/e-density
Mode
graphics
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
“K”
<ESC>
ml
n2
nl
m2
27
15 nl
ml
___
n2
1B
4B
ml
m2
nl
n?
m?
Prints 8-bit dot graphics at 60 dots per inch horizontally.
The graphic
image is 8 dots high and nl + n2 x 256 dots wide. Maximum width is
8 inches (480 dots). ml, m2, . . . are the dot data, each a l-byte value from
0 to 255 representing
8 vertical dots, with the most significant bit at the
top and the least significant bit at the bottom. The number of data bytes
must be nl + n2 x 256. Dots beyond the right margin are ignored. At
the end of dot graphics printing the printer returns automatically
to
character mode.
Print 8-bit double-density
Mode
graphics
Both
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
nl
“L”
<ESC>
ml
n2
27
76
ml
m2
nl
n2
1B 4C
ml
m2
Prints 8-bit dot graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally
dots wide). See < ESC > “K” for other information.
Print 8-bit double-density,
Mode
double-speed
“Y”
<ESC>
Both
ml
nl
n2
21
89
nl
Hexadecimal
n2
1B
59
ml
Prints 8-bit dot graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally
dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal
< ESC > “K” for other information.
Print I-bit
Mode
quadruple-density
<ESC>
Both
ml
m2
n2
___
n2
m2
(maximum
direction.
960
See
Hexadecimal
Decimal
nl
nl
graphics
ASCII
“Z”
960
graphics
ml m2
m2
n2
(maximum
Decimal
ASCII
nl
m2
21
ml
90
m2
nl
n2
1B 5A
ml
nl
n2
m2
Prints 8-bit dot graphics at 240 dots per inch horizontally
(maximum
dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal
direction.
< ESC > “K” for other information.
1920
See
Print 24bit hex-density graphics
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
< FS >
Both
“2”
ml
nl
m2
n2
m3
28
___
90 nl
ml
Hexadecimal
ni’
1C 5A
m2 m3
ml
nl
n2
m2 m3
___
Prints 24-bit dot graphics at 360 dots per inch horizontally.
The graphic
image is 24 dots high and nl + nZ x 256 dots wide. Maximum width is
8 inches (2880 dots). In the data ml, m2, m3 . . . each three bytes represent
24 vertical dots. In the leftmost position, the most significant bit of ml
is the top dot; the least significant bit of ml is the eighth dot from the
top: the most significant bit of m2 is the ninth dot; the least significant
bit of m2 is the sixteenth dot from the top; the most significant
bit of
m3 is the seventeenth
dot from the top; the least significant bit of m3 is
the bottom dot. The rest of the data is similar. The number of data bytes
must be 3 x (n/ + n2 x 256). Dots beyond the right margin are ignored.
At the end of dot graphics printing the printer returns automatically
to
character mode.
Select graphics mode
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
< ESC >
Both
“*”
ti2
n0
ml
nl
m2
Hexadecimal
27 42 n0 nl
_._
n2 ml
n0
1B 2A
m?
n2 ml
nI
m2
_._
Selects one of eleven graphics modes depending
on the value of n0 and
prints dot graphics in this mode. See < ESC > “K” (for 8-bit graphics)
or < FS > “2” (for 24-bit graphics) for information
on nl, n2, ml, m2,
.
80
n0
Graphics
0
1
2
3
4
6
32
33
38
39
40
8-bit
b-bit
8-bit
8-bit
8-bit
8-bit
24-bit
24-bit
24-bit
24-bit
24-bit
mode
Single-density
Double-density
Double-density,
double-speed
Quadruple-density
CRT graphics, mode I
CRT graphics, mode II
Single-density
Double-density
CRT graphics.
Tripple-density
Hex-density
( 60 dots per inch)
(120 dots per inch)
(240
( 80
( 90
( 60
(120
( 90
(180
(360
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
per
per
per
per
per
per
per
per
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
I
Select graphics
Mode
mode
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
IBM
“g ”
“[”
n2
m0
27
nl
m2
ml
Hexadecimal
91 103 nl
1B
n2 m0 ml m2...
SB
67
nl
n2 m0 ml m2 .,.
Selects one of eight graphics modes depending
on the value of m(J and
prints dot graphics in this mode. The graphic image is (nl + nZ x 256)
- 1 dots wide. See <ESC>
“K” (for &bit graphics) or < FS> “Z”
(for 24-bit graphics) for information
on ml, m2, . .
m0
Graphics
0
1
2
3
8
9
11
12
8-bit
8-bit
&bit
8-bit
24-bit
24-bit
24-bit
24-bit
Convert graphics
Mode
Both
DOWNLOAD
( 60 dots per inch)
(120 dots per inch)
(240
( 60
(120
(180
(360
dots
dots
dots
dots
dots
Decimal
“?”
n
m
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
inch)
27 63
Hexadecimal
n
m
1B
3F
n
m
graphics defined by subsequent
< ESC > “K”. < ESC > “L”.
“Y” or < ESC > “Z” commands
to a density mode defined
> “*“. N is “K”. “L”; “Y” or “Z”. indicating the mode to be
m is a code from < 0 > to < 4 > or < 6 > indicating one of
of < ESC > “*“.
CHARACTER
Copy character
per
per
per
per
per
density
ASCII
< ESC >
Converts
< ESC >
by < ESC
converted.
the modes
Mode
mode
Single-density
Double-density
Double-density,
double-speed
Quadruple-density
Single-density
Double-density
Triple-density
Hex-density
COMMANDS
set from ROM into RAM card
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Std.
< ESC >
-:”
CO>
n
<O>
27
58
0
n
0
IBM
< FS >
-:”
CO>
n
<O>
28
58
0
II
OIC3A
1B 3A
00
I? 00
00
/ZOO
Copies the selected character
set with n, as shown below, to the corresponding download character RAM card. overwriting any download data
already present.
Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
L.
i.
n
Character
0
Courier
Prestige
Orator
Script
2
3
4
set
L
81
Define download
Mode
characters
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“I%”
n2
Std.
m0
dl
d2
-co>
n2
m0
dl
m2
dx
nl
ml
d2
dr
21
m2
.
Hexadecimal
27 38 0 nl
n2 m0 ml m2
nl
ml
“=”
<ESC>
IBM
co>
dx
dz
0
dl
d.2
26
00
nl
n2 m0 ml m2
dx
nl
n2 m0 ml m2
61
1B
dr
d.?
dx
nl
n2 m0 ml m2
1B 3D
dx
dl
00
dz? ... dx
Defines one or more new characters and stores them in RAM for later
use. DIP switch 2-1 must be OFF; otherwise RAM is used as an input
buffer, not for downloading characters, and this command is ignored.
nl is the character code of the first character defined and n2 is the character
code of the last character defined. no and n2 must both be between 33
and 254. nl must be equal to or less than n2. Use of character codes 32
(space) and 127 (delete code) should be avoided if possible. The data for
each character start with three bytes specifying proportional spacing attributes: the first byte, mO, specifies the left of the character; the second
byte, ml, specifies the character width; the third byte, m2, specifies the
right of the character. These values must not exceed the following maximum limits:
Character
mode
Draft characters
LQ pica characters
LQ elite characters
LQ semi-condensed
LQ proportional
Draft super/subscripts
LQ super/subscripts
LQ prop. super/subscripts
ml
m0 + ml -I m2
9
29
23
15
37
7
23
23
12
36
30
24
42
12
36
42
lrJext comes the dot data. Normal character height is 24 dots, so there
must be 3 x ml bytes of dot data. If the printer is in super/subscript mode,
however, the character height is 16 dots, so there must be 2 x ml bytes
of dot data.
Each data byte indicates eight vertical dots, with the MSB being the top
dot and the LSB the bottom dot.
For further details, please refer to the Appendix C.
Select download
Mode
Both
character
set
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“o,o”
<ESC>
“yo”
‘(1”
Cl>
27 37 49
27 37 1
Hexadecimal
IB
25
31
1B
25
01
Selects the download character set. Ignored when DIP switch 2-1 is ON.
82
Select ROM character set
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“O,o”
“0”
21
37
48
IB
25
30
<ESC>
‘C%93 <o>
27
37
0
1B
25
00
Stops using the download character set and returns to the built-in
character set. Ignored when DIP switch 2-l is ON.
OTHER PRINTER
CONTROL
ROM
COMMANDS
Set MS6 to 7
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“ > 33
27
62
Hexadecimal
1B
3E
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent byte received to 1, allowing
users with a 7-bit interface to access characters with ASCII codes greater
than 127.
Set MS8 to 0
Mode
Std.
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“=”
<ps>
27
61
“T”
28
61
Sets the most significant
bit of each subsequent
Hexadecimal
1B 3D
IC
3D
byte received
to 0.
Accept MSB as is
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“#”
21
Cancels the preceding commands
it is sent to the printer.
Delete last character
Mode
Std.
35
and accepts
Hexadecimal
IB
23
the most significant
bit as
sent
Decimal
ASCII
<DEL>
Deletes the last character
has already been printed,
of a command.
127
Hexadecimal
IF
received. Ignored if the last character received
or if the last character received was all or part
Cancel last line
Mode
ASCII
Both
<CAN>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
24
Deletes the last line currently
18
present in the print buffer.
Repeat data
Mode
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
Decimal
“v”
n
dz
< ESC > “V”
dl
27
Hexadecimal
n
86
dl
dz __....
dx
co>
27
86
1B
n
56
dx
dz ......
0
1B
dl
dx
56
00
Repeats data, defined by dr, d.?, .. . dx, for n times.
Quiet print
Mode
Both 1
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
< ESC >
“s”
“ 1”
27 115
49
1B
73
31
cESC>
‘5”
Cl>
27 115
1
1B
73
01
Selects the quiet print mode, in which the printer prints each line in two
passes to reduce the sound of printing. You can also set the quiet mode
with the control panel switch.
Cancel quiet print
IModel
Both
ASCII
I
Decimal
Hexadecimal
I
< ESC >
“s”
“0”
27 115
48
1B
73
30
< ESC >
“s”
co>
27 115
0
1B
73
00
Cancels the quiet print mode, and resumes normal printing.
You can also cancel the quiet mode with the control panel switch.
immediate print
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“i”
“1”
27 105
49
1B
69
31
< ESC >
“i”
Cl>
27 105
1
1B
69
01
Selects the immediate print mode, in which the printer prints each
character as soon as received. At every pause in the incoming data stream
the printer scrolls the paper up about -+Jinches so that the current line
can be seen. When the next character is received the paper is scrolled
back down and printing continues. This command is ignored when friction
feed is used.
84
1
Cancel immediate print
Mode
ASCII
Both
Decimal
c ESC >
“i”
c ESC >
“i”
“0”
co>
Hexadecimal
27 105
48
1B
69
30
27 105
0
1B
69
00
Cancels the immediate print mode. The printer waits for each line to be
completed before printing it, and does not scroll the paper up and down.
This command is ignored when friction feed is used.
Set printer off-line
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<DC3>
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
19
“0”
‘3”
27
13
81
36
1B
51
24
Sets the printer off-line. The printer disregards all subsequent characters
and commands
except < DC1 >, which returns it to the on-line state.
The printer’s On Line indicator does not go off.
Set printer on-he
Mode 1
Both
1
ASCII
Decimal
<DCl>
Hexadecimal
I 17
I 11
Returns the printer to the on-line state, allowing it to receive and process
all subsequent characters and commands.
This command is ignored if the
printer was set off-line by pressing the On Line switch on the control
panel.
Stop printing
Mode
ASCII
< ESC >
IBM
Decimal
“j”
Hexadecimal
27 106
1B 6A
Prints the entire contents of the input buffer, then sets the printer
The printer’s On Line indicator goes off.
off-line.
Bell
Mode 1
Both
1
ASCII
<BEL>
Sounds
Decimal
Hexadecimal
I 7
a brief beep tone from the printer’s
I 07
beeper.
85
Bidirectional printing
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“U”
“0”
27
85
48
1B
55
30
<ESC>
“II”
co>
27
85
0
1B
55
00
Causes subsequent printing to be done in the normal bidirectional
which is faster than unidirectional printing.
mode,
Unidirectional printing
Mode
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
“U”
“ 1”
85
49
1B
55
31
27
85
1
1B
55
01
Both
<ESC>
“U”
Cl>
Hexadecimal
27
Causes subsequent printing to be done unidirectionally,
mum vertical alignment precision.
ensuring maxi-
One-line unidirectional printing
Mode 1
Both
Decimal
ASCII
(‘ < ”
<ESC>
27
Hexadecimal
60
1B 3C
Immediately returns the print head to the left margin, then prints the
remainder of the line from left to right. Normal bidirectional printing
resumes on the next line.
Manual feed
Mode
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
“ (n
Decimal
<EM>
“ ( ,.
CO>
‘y)”
“)”
“)”
Hexadecimal
27
25
0
40
40
48
41
41
1B
19
00
28
28
30
29
29
Selects manual sheet feeding even when the optional automatic sheet
feeder is mounted. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
Auto feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
‘1( 97
Decimal
<EM>
“(”
<4>
“4”
Selects the automatic
inactive).
86
“ ) 1,
1‘11
,.
Hexadecimal
1 27
25
4
40
40
52
41
41
1B
19
04
28
28
34
29
29
sheet feeder. Ignored if DIP switch l-4 is ON (ASF
Eject paper from ASF
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
s.(,,
<EM > “R”
ccr
“R”
Ejects the current
“)”
“)”
page. Ignored
21
25
82
40
40
82
Hexadecimal
41
if DIP switch
41
1B
19 52
28
28
52
29
29
l-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
Set print start position on ASF
Mode
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
Both
‘6( >,
<<
( 1,
<EM>
“T”
“T”
“)”
n
“)”
21 25 84
n
Hexadecimal
n
40 40 84 41 41
1B 19 54
n
n
28 28 54 29 29
Skips n/6 inches at the top of the page, where n is equal to or greater
1. Ignored if DIP switch 1-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
n
than
Reset printer
Mode
Both
Std.
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“@I”
21
64
1B
40
<FS>
“63”
28
64
1c
40
Reinitializes
the printer. Clears the print buffer and returns settings to
their power-up values. Does not clear the input buffer or change ASF
selections.
MEMO
Appendix
c
CHARACTER
DOWNLOAD
GENERATOR
With this printer you can create new characters and symbols, download
their dot data, and have them printed in place of selected characters in the
regular character set. Characters
that can be generated in this way range
from simple but useful symbols like the check mark through complex Chinese
or Japanese characters.
The process of designing new characters with paper and pencil is time
consuming. The program listed in this appendix enables you to do everything
on the computer screen. It also enables you to maintain disk files of character
data for downloading
when required.
The creation of a telephone symbol as a normal
super/subscript
character ( t ) is explained below.
character
( S ) and
Normal character
I
2
? 4 5
6
7 X
ASCII Code: 60
Left space: 4
Character width: 29
Right space: 3
figure
C-7. Telephone symbol, Normal LO pica
The normal character
character mode as shown
height is 24 cells, and the width is varied
below.
Character
mode
Draft characters
LQ pica characters
LQ elite characters
LQ semi-condensed
LQ proportional
Character
by the
width
9
29
23
::
Figure C-l shows the matrix with the telephone symbol filled in. Note
ihat there are no pairs of horizontally
adjacent dots. The pins in the print
head cannot fire fast enough to print adjacent dots in the horizontal direction.
To the printer, a normal character is represented
three bytes for each
column. If you are working by hand, you can calculate the data as shown
in Figure C-l and enter them via the < ESC > “8~” < 0 > printer command.
If you use the program in this appendix, proceed as follows.
The program starts by asking whether you want to read characters from
an existing file. If you are going to add the telephone symbol to a file of
download
characters
you have already generated,
answer yes; if you are
going to create a new file, answer no. The arrow on the screen toggles between
Yes and No when any key except Return is pressed. The Return key enters
your choice.
In the same way the program asks you to select Standard or IBM mode;
normal or super/subscript,
and character mode, then to confirm whether
to continue or start over. Continuing,
on the next screen the program asks
what character you want to redefine, offering the exclamation
mark(!) as
a suggestion. If you want to print the telephone symbol in place of the exclamation
mark, press Return. If you want to assign the telephone symbol
to another character, press the key of that character.
Next you must choose the spaces between characters.
After you have
defined the character width and left space, the cursor enters the character
box. You can move the cursor with the numeric keypad.
For example,
pressing the “6” key moves to the right; pressing the “3” key moves diagonally
down to the right. The function keys control the setting and clearing of dots.
After Fl is pressed the cursor clears the dot in each position it is moved
to. F3 causes the cursor to set dots. F2 allows the cursor to pass over dots
without either setting or clearing them.
Each dot is represented by two adjacent solid blocks, occupying its own
position and the position to the right. This reflects the fact that the printer
cannot print horizontally
adjacent dots. The program automatically
censors
adjacent dots.
I
:
By moving the cursor and pressing the Fl, F2, and F3 keys you can
quickly build up the dot pattern. If necessary you can clear all dots by pressing
F4 and start over. When the character is complete, press Return to store
the dot data in the computer’s memory. The program will clear the character
box and ask you to select the next character to design.
When you have finished
program will ask you whether
characters you have designed.
characters will be saved on a
the entire character set from
printed out.
designing characters,
press the F6 key. The
you want to save, download,
and print the
If you answer Yes to all three questions, your
disk file and downloaded
to the printer, and
character 33 (!) to character
126( -) will be
At any point while you are selecting or designing characters you can
press F5 to skip the current character and proceed to the next character.
The program does not allow you to redefine the space character, or to
define any other character as an all-blank
character.
Nor can you assign
character codes less than 33 or greater than 126 to the characters you define.
Super/subscript
character
I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9111!!12/314/51617181920212223
126
64
ASCII
Code: 60
Left space:
Character
7
width:
Right space:
16
6
4
2
1
6
23
If you select super/subscript,
the character box now has 16 (high) x 7
(wide) dot positions for draft characters,
or 16 x 23 dot positions for LQ
characters. Each dot is represented by two adjacent solid blocks, occupying
its own position and the position to the right. This reflects the fact that the
printer still cannot print horizontally
adjacent dots, but that even skipping
every other dot. the dots appear joined when printed.
The file created
mands:
1.
2.
3.
4.
by this program
contains
the following
printer
com-
<ESC>
“:” -co> <O> < 0 > (standard mode) or < FS > “:‘* < 0 >
< 0 > < 0 > (IBM mode) to copy the printer’s regular characters into
download memory. If you leave a download character undefined,
the
regular character will be printed.
< ESC > “x” < 0 > or < ESC > “x” < 1 > to select draft or letter quality.
One <ESC>
“8~” <O> <cc>
<cc>
<mO> <ml>
<m2>
cdl>
for each character defined. <cc > is the character code,
. . . command
< m0 > is the left hand space byte, <ml > is the character width byte,
and cm2 > is the right hand space byte. cdl > . . . are the <ml > x
3 bytes of dot data.
< ESC > “% i” to enable the printer to print the downloaded characters.
This program
is coded in Microsoft
BASIC
for the IBM-PC.
The WIDTH 255 command in line 1050 means infinite line width and
prevents the computer from inserting unwanted line feeds in the character
data. Some versions of BASIC do not need the WIDTH command.
Check your BASIC manual and make any changes necessary.
1000 1”“~****.***““**“~****.****..**~*~**”***,***~”.*.***“~*~.*”,**”*.
1010 '
1020 '
DOWNLOAD CHARACTW
GENERATOR FOR 24-WIRE PRINTER
1030 '
1040 I"*""".*.*""."*"**..*.~"""~"*.*~"*"**"*~*""*""*~****.~*""""*..*""
1050 WIDTH "LPT1:",255
:XEY OFF :CLS
1060 DIR A(126). A$(126), P$(126), DT(24.42)
:E$=CHR$(27) :F$=CHRQ(28)
1070 SCQ(O)-"---------+---------+---------+---------+--,,
1080 SC$(l)-".-.......+.........+.........+.........+..~
1090 XEY l,CHR$(7)
:XEY 2,CHR$(B)
:XEY 3,CHR.$(9)
1100 XEY 4,CHR$(lO)
:XEY 5,CHR$(ll)
:XEY 6,CHR$(12)
1110 FOR I=33 TO 126 :A(I)=-1 :NEXT I
---------__-------------------------------1120 I------ PRINT HWDING
1130 LOCATE 1,l :PRINT STRING$(25,62);
1140 PRINT " DOWNLOAD CHARACTER GENERATOR ":STRINGQ(25,60)
1150 I---------------------------------------------------------------1160 LOCATE 3,l :PRINT "READ CHARACTRRS FROM EXISTING FILE?"
1170 SO$="Yes" :sl$="No" :S=-1 :PX-4 :PY-1 :GOSUB 2620 :IF S THEN 1470
llS0 I------ Open existing file -------------------------------------1190 LOCATE 3,l :PRINT STRINGS(40.32)
:LGCATE 3.1
1200 INPUT "File name";FI$
1210 OPEN FIQ FOR INPUT AS #l
1220
1------
Read
ini,--al
1230 I$=INPUTQ(3,#1)
124D
IF RIGHT$(I$,l)-"0"
92
conunands------------------------------------
THEN QUA=1
:GOTO 1260
1250
IF HID$(I$,2,1)="p"
THEN QUA=2
ELSE QUA=0
1260
1270
I$=INPUT$(P,#l)
IF RIGHT$(I$,l)="T"
THEN SCR=O :GOTO 1300
1290 I$=INPUT$(l,#l)
:SCR=-1
1300
1310 ;$=INPUT$(S,#l)
IF LEFT$(I$,l)=E$
THEN IBM=0 ELSE IBM=-1
1320
1330 1----__ Read data for 1 (.haracter ------------------------------1340 I$=INPUT$(3,#i)
IF I$=E$+"$l" THEN 1440
1350
:J$=INPUTQ(l,#l)
1360 I$=INPUT$(l,#l)
CC=ASC(I$)
:IF
CC>126
THEN 1440
1370
:A(CC)=ASC(MID$(A$(CC),2,1))
1380 AQ(CC)=INPUT$(3,#1)
1390
1400 IF NOT SCR THEN 1420
1410 P$(CC)=INPUT$(A(CC)'2,#1)
:GOTO 1430
1420 P$(CC)=INPUT$(A(CC)'3,#1)
1430 IF NOT EOF(1) THEN 1330
1440 CLOSE #l
1450
1460 I====== START DEFINITION ================I=======================
1470 #______ Select Std./IBM ________-__-----------------------------1480 LOCATE 6.1 :PRINT "SELECT MODE"
1490 SO$="Standard
mode (DIP SW. l-6 ON )"
(DIP SW. l-6 OFF)"
1500 Sl$="IBM mode
1510 S=O :PX=7 :PY=l :GOSUB 2820 :IBM=S
ELSE HD$=E$+":"+STRING$(3,0)
1520 IF IBM THEN HD$=F$+":" +STRING$(3,0)
1530 1-_____ Select =haracter mode -------------------_--------------1540 LOCATE 9,l :PRINT "SELECT STYLE"
(lbdot)"
(24dot)" :Sl$="Super/subscript
1550 SO$="Normal
S=O :PX=lO :PY=l :GOSUB 2820 :SCR=S
1560
1570
IF SCR THEN 1580 ELSE 1590
1580
HD$=CHR$(27)+"SO"+HD$
:HI=16 :GOTO 1600
1590
HD$=CHR$(27)+"T"+HD$
:HI=24
1______ Select Quality
_______---_------------------------------1600
1610
LOCATE 12,l :PRINT "SELECT QUALITY" :S=O
Letter quality"
1620
LOCATE 13,l :PRINT "
Draft quality"
1630
LOCATE 14,l :PRINT *
Proportional"
1640
LOCATE 15,l :PRINT v
LOCATE 13+S,l :PRINT "==>" :S$=INPUT$(l)
:QUA=ASC(S$)
1650
1660
IF QUA=13 THEN QUA=S
:GOTO 1680 ELSE LOCATE 13+S,l :PRINT w
I'
1670
S=((S+l) MOD 3) :GOTO 1650
16.30
IF QUA=0 THEN HD$=E$+"xl"+HD$
:W=36 :A=23 ELSE 1700
1630
IF NOT SCR THEN 1740 ELSE 1860
1700
IF QUA=2 THEN 1720 ELSE HD$=E$+"xO"+HD$
:W=12
1710
IF SCR THEN A=7 :GOTO 1860 ELSE A=9 :GOTO 1860
1720
HD$=E$+"pl"+HDQ
:W=42
1730
IF SCR THEN A-23 :GOTO 1860 ELSE A=37 :GOTO 1660
1280
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
~
1_----- select character pitcb ---------------------------------I< :s=o
LOCATE 12,l :PRINT "Print pitch
LOCATE 13,,1 :PRINT *
LQ-1Ocpi.
'I
LOCATE 14,l :PRINT "
LQ-12~~1.
11
LQ-llcpi.
II
LOCATE 15,l :PRINT 11
LOCATE 13+S,l :PRINT "==>" :S$=INPUT$(l)
:PT=ASC(S$)
IF PT=13 THEN PT=S :GOTO 1830 ELSE LOCATE 13+S,l :PRINT '
'
S=((S+l) MOD 3) :GOTO 1800
HD$=E$+"xl"+HD$
:W=36 :A=29
IF PT=l THEN W=30 :A=23 ELSE IF PT=2 THEN W=24 :A=15
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
:CH$="!"
1860 CC=33
over ------------------------------1870 B----- Select cont~nue,Start
1880 LOCATE 16,l :PRINT "CONTINUE?"
I
1890 SO$="Continue"
:Sl$="Start over"
1900 S=O :PX=l7 :PY=l :GOSUB 2820 :IF S THEN CLS :GOTO 1120
1910
1920
1930 CLS
1940 I----- Select character position -------------------------------1950 CH$=CHR$(CC)
1960 LOCATE 1,SO :PRINT "CHARACTER [";CH$;"]";
1970 I$=INPUT$(l)
1980 IF " "<I$ AND I$<CHR$(127) THEN CH$=I$ ELSE GOT0 2000
1990 CC=ASC(CHS)
2000 LOCATE‘1,56
:PRINT "CHARACTER : ";CH$;" I'
2010 IF A(CC)<O THEN AO=O :Al=A :A2=W-A :GOTO 2030
2020 AO=ASC(LEFT$(A$(CC),l))
:Al=A(CC) :A2=ASC(RIGHT$(A$(CC),l))
2030 LOCATE 3.50 :PRINT "Body-Width
= ";A1
2040 LOCATE 4,50 :PRINT "Left Space
= ":A0
2050 LOCATE 5,50 :PRINT "Right Space = ":A2
2060 LOCATE 7,50 :PRINT "( Are you sure ? )"
2070 LOCATE 8,50 :PRINT "*** Yes or No ***'*
2080 A$=INPUT$(l)
2090 LOCATE 7,50 :PRINT SPC(25) :LOCATE 8,50 :PRINT SPC(25)
2100 IF A$="N" OR A$="n" THEN 2110 ELSE GOT0 2240
2110 I----- Select Character width/Left space -----------------------2120 FOR I=3 TO 5 :LOCATE I,50 :PRINT SPC(25) :NEXT I
= ";A1
2130 LOCATE 3,50 :INPUT "Body-Width
2140 IF Al=0 OR Al>W THEN BEEP :LOCATE 3.50 :PRINT SPC(20) :GOTO 2130
2150 LOCATE 3.63 :PRINT STR$(Al);".
'
2160 LOCATE 4,50 :INPUT "Left Space
= ";A0
2170 IF AO+Al>W THEN BEEP :LOCATE 4,50 :PRINT SPC(20) :GOTO 2160
2180 LOCATE 4,63 :PRINT STR$(AO);".
'
2190 IF QUA=2 THEN 2210
2200 A2=W-AO-Al
:LOCATE 5.50 :PRINT "Right Space =";:GOTO 2230
2210 LOCATE 5,50 :INPUT "Right Space = ";A2
2220 IF AO+Al+A2>W THEN LOCATE 3,50 :PRINT SPC(20) :GOTO 2210
2230 LOCATE 5.63 :PRINT STR$(AP);".
" :GOTO 2060
-----___------------__I_________________2240 n----- Key explanations
2250 LOCATE lo,50 :PRINT “Fl:
Clear dot"
2260 LOCATE 11,50 :PRINT “F2:
Pass over"
2270 LOCATE 12,50 :PRINT “F3:
Set dot"
2280 LOCATE 13,50 :PRINT “F4:
Clear all dots"
2290 LOCATE 14,50 :PRINT "F5:
Skip character"
2300 LOCATE 15,50 :PRINT "F6: End"
2310 LOCATE 16,50 :PRINT "RET Record character"
2320 t----- Get character ~_~---------~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~-~~-~~-~---2330 IF A(CC)<O THEN GOSUB 3040 :GOTO 2460
2340
2350 FOR N=l TO HI-7 STEP S :FOR O=N TO N+7 :LOCATE 0,l
2360 IF O=N THEN PRINT LEFT$(SC$(O),Al);
ELSE PRINT LEFT$(SC$(l),Al);
2370 NEXT 0,N
2360 H=O :FOR Y=l TO Al :FOR N=l TO HI-7 STEP 6 :H=H+l :WT=l20
2390 P=ASC(MID$(P$(CC),H,l))
:FOR O-N TO N+7
2400 IF (P AND WT)=O THEN 2430
2410 ~~'~;xl=~kp~;';II~y~~~~~
;:;;mb"
2420
:GOSUB 3680 ELSE GOSUB 3680
2430 WT=.J'WT :NEXT 0 :NEXT N :NEXT
2440 P----m Modify & plot character ---------_-----___________________
2450 x=1 :r=1
2460 FOR Z=lO TO 12 :LOCATE Z,48 :PRINT M II :NEXT Z
2470 ST=2 :LOCATE 11,48 :PRINT "+" :GOTO 2480
24.90
2490 ;F DT(X,Y)=P THEN CS$=CHR$(P)
:GOTO 2610
2500
2510 IF DT(X,Y)=O THEN 2570
2520 IF ST>1 THEN 2540 ELSE DT(X,Y)=O :CS$=CHR$(l)
94
2530
2540
2550
IF Y<Al THEN DT(X,Y+l)=O
Y=Al THEN CS$=CHR$(2)
GOT0 2610
IF
:CS$=STRING$(S,l)
:GOTO 2610 ELSE GOT0 2610
ELSE CS$=STRING$(2,2)
2560
2570
2580
2590
2600
2610
2620
IF
ST<3 THEN CS$=CHR$(l)
:GOTO 2610
IF
DT(X,Y+l)=l THEN CS$=CHR$(l)
:GOTO 2610
DT(X,Y)=l
:CS$=CHR$(2)
IF Y<Al THEN DT(X,Y+l)=P
:CS$=STRING$(2,2)
GOSUB 3670
SS=ST :BX=X :BY=Y :GOSUB 2930 :IF SS=ST THEN
2710
2630
2640
2650
2660
2670
2680
2690
2700
IF ST>3 THEN 2670
FOR Z=lO TO 12 :LOCATE Z,40 :PRINT " v :NEXT 2
LOCATE 9+ST,4S :PRINT "t" :GOTO 2480
IF ST=4 THEN GOSUB 3040 :GOTO 2460
IF ST=5 THEN CLS :GOTO 1940
IF ST=6 THEN 3210
IF ST=7 THEN 3100
2710
2720
2730
2740
IF DT(BX,BY)=O
IF DT(BX,BY)=l
GOT0 2810
2750
2760
CS$.="
THEN 2750 :ELSE
AND BY<Al THEN CS$= _
. I' :IF (BX MOD 8)=1 THEN CSS="-"
IF (BY HOD lO)=O THEN CS$="+"
THEN 2810
2780 IF BY=Al OR DT(BX,BY+l)<>O
2790 IF ((BY+l) MOD lO)=O THEN CS$=CS$+"+"
:GOTO 2810
2800
IF (BX MOD .5)=1 THEN CS.$=CS$+"-" ELSE CS$=CS$+"."
2810
GOSUB 3680 :GOTO 2480
1------ yes or No ---_____--_-___----------------------.~--------2820
LOCATE PX,PY :PRINT "
'I;SO$
2830
";slg
2840
LOCATE PX+l,PY :PRINT "
2850
IF NOT S THEN 2860 ELSE 2880
:pRINT "zz)"
2860
LOCATE PX,PY
2870
LOCATE PX+l,PY :PRINT 'I 'I :LOCATE PX,PY
2880
IF
S THEN 2890 ELSE 2910
LOCATE PX,PY
:PRINT w
"
2890
LOCATE PX+l,PY :PRINT "==>" :LOCATE PX,PY
2900
2910
I$=INPUT$(l)
:IF I$<>CHR$(13) THEN S=NOT 8 :GOTO 2850
2920
RETURN
I-_____
Function
key
check ______----------_-____________________
2930
:SK=ASC(I$) :FX=VAL(I$)
2940
I$=INPUT$(l)
2950
IF SX>6 AND SK<14 THEN ST=%-6
:GOTO 3030
2960
IF FK=O OR FK=5 THEN 2940
2970
IF FK MOD 3 = 0 THEN Y=Y+l
2980
IF
FK MOD 3 = 1 THEN Y=Y-1
2990
IF FX >6 THEN X=X-l
3000
IF FK (4 THEN X=X+1
IF Y>Al THEN Y=Al ELSE IF Y<l THEN Y=l
3010
3020
IF X>HI THEN X=HI ELSE IF X<l THEN X=1
3030
RETURN
Q------ clear all dots __-_______----__-__-____________________-3040
3050
FOR N=l TO HI-7 STEP 8 :FOR O=N TO N+7 :LOCATE 0,l
IF
O=N THEN PRINT LEFT$(SC$(O),Al):
ELSE PRINT LEFT$(SC$(l),Al);
3060
3070
NEXT 0,N
FOR X=1 TO HI :FOR Y=l TO Al :DT(X,Y)=O :NEXT Y,X
3080
3090
ST=2 :X=1 :Y=l :RETURN
9---_-- Store character data ----____--------------~~-~~~~~-~~--3100
*a***"
3110
CLS :LOCATE 20,20 :PRINT Il*==** WAIT
3120
FL=0 :A$(CC)=CHR$(AO)+CHR$(Al)+CHR$(A2)
:A(CC)=Al :P$(CC)=""
3130
FOR Y=l TO Al :FOR N=l TO HI-7 STEP E :WT=lPS :P=O
3140
FOR X=N TO N+7 :P=P+WT*(DT(X,Y)
AND 1) :FL=FL+P
3150
WT=.S*WT :NEXT X
3160
P$(CC)=P$(CC)+CHR$(P)
:NEXT N,Y
2770
3170
3180
3190
3200
3210
3220
3230
3240
3250
3260
3270
3280
3290
3300
3310
3320
3330
3340
3350
3360
3370
3380
3390
3400
3410
3420
3430
3440
3450
3460
3470
3460
3490
3500
3510
3520
3530
3540
3550
3560
3570
3580
3590
3600
3610
3620
3630
3640
3650
3660
3670
3680
96
IF FL=0 THEN A(CC)=-1
BEEP
CC=CC+l :IF CC=127 THEN CC=33
GOT0 1920
I_---__ Wrap-up --------------_--___---------------------------CLS :LOCATE 1,l :PRINT "SAVE TO FILE?"
S=O :PX=2 :PY=l :SD$="Yes" :Sl$="No" :GOSUB 2820
IF S THEN 3310
LOCATE 5,lO :PRINT "Output file name [";FI$;") ";
INPUT FO$
IF FO$="" AND FI$="" THEN 3250
IF FO$="" THEN FO$=FI$
OPEN FO$ FOR OUTPUT AS #1
GOSUB 3410 :CLOSE #l
'
LOCATE 7,l
(DIP SWITCH 2-l HUST BE OFF)"
PRINT "DOWNLOAD TO PRINTER?
S=O :PX=8 :PY=l :SO$="Yes" :Sl$="No" :GOSUB 2820
IF S THEN END
LOCATE 11,l :PRINT "Select I/F board 'I
:PX=12 :PY=l :GOSUB 2820 :PB=S
S=PB :SO$="COLOR"
:Sl$="RONOCRO"
GOSUB 3480 :LPRINT E$;"3":CHR$(SO);
FOR CC=33 TO 126 :LPRINT CHR$(CC):" ";:NEXT CC
LPRINT STRING$(lO,lO)
:END
I------ Output to Diskette -____-___----_----_-------~-~-~~~~~~-~
PRINT#l,HD$;
FOR CC=33 TO 126
IF A(C
THEN 3460
PRINT#l,E$;"&";CHR$(O);STRING$(2,CC);A$(CC);P$(CC):
NEXT CC
PRINT#l,E$;"%l";:RETURN
t-e---- Output to printer __-__--__---___-----------------------IF QUA>0 OR SCR THEN 3510
IF PT=l THEN LPRINT E$;"M"; ELSE IF PT=2 THEN LPRINT CHR$(15);
LPRINT HD$;
FOR CC=33 TO 126
IF A(CC)<O THEN 3570
LPRINT E$;"&";CHR$(O):STRING$(2,CC);
FOR Y=l TO 3 :Z=ASC(HID$(A$(CC),Y,l))
:GOSUB 3590 :NEXT Y
:Z=ASC(BID$(P$(CC),Y,l))
:GOSUB 3590 :NEXT Y
FOR Y=l TO LEN(P$(CC))
NEXT CC
LPRINT E$;"%l";:RETURN
'
IF NOT PB THEN 3630
PPuWIP(hH3BD)
:IF PP<128 THEN 3610
OUT &HJBC,Z :OUT &H3BE,5 :OUT 6H3BE.4 :GOTO 3650
PP=INP(&H379)
:IF PP<128 THEN 3630
OUT &H378,Z :OUT 6H37A.5 :OUT 6iH37A.4
RETURN
1__-___ plot chara,-.ter -____-___---_----_---~-~----~-~-~~~~-~~~~~
:PRINT CS$;:RETURN
LOCATE X,Y
:PRINT CS$;:RETURN
LOCATE BX,BY
CHARACTER
This appendix
gives tables of the printer’s
standard
SETS
and IBM character
sets.
The decimal character code of each character
the lower right of the character.
is shown
in an inset to
The hexadecimal
code can be found by reading the entries at the top
and left edges of the table. For example, the character “A” is in column 4
and row 1, so its hexadecimal
character code is 41. This is equivalent
(4 x
16 + 1 = 65) to decimal 65, the number in the inset.
Control codes recognized by this printer
inside pointed brackets < > .
are indicated
by abbreviations
< Sample >
r
Hexadecimal
t-
o
2
1
3
Character
Hexadecimal
(high order)
I
4
5
value
6
0
L
Hexadecimal
(low order)
Control
value
code
L
Decimal
value
7
STANDARDCHARACTERSET
- 1125
- 1 93
>
.
N
46
/
62
n
94
1
N
110
79
-
95
126
<DEL>
0
0
-?’
47
A
78
111
127
0
. -128
1
1
”
160
144
I
<DCl>
1
c
192
176
1
A
Q
1
U
3
245
229
Ic
-V
246
230
-W
1
Iu
r
E
F
>
<so>
142
158
<SI>
143
*
174
?
/
159
175
17
Ii
*
247
Y
n
222
238
223
254
<DEL>
0
207
1231
Ih
206
0
191
SI-
IX
N
190
I
239
255
99
CHARACTER SET #2
U
101
v
70
f
86
I?
D
I<CR>i
13
E
F
I J1
M
II
61
77
m
III
111
/F/-r-
118
. ..
109
125
<so>
.
>
N
n
n
N
j--G-I-G- I-G- l-7 riir rGi--1110 l-i%
<SI>
/
15
100
v
102
*
-=
29
117
31
?
47
0
63
0
III
127
IBM CHARACTER
SET #l
Hexadecim
I all
I D I‘? 13
il
E
F
Other characters
29
<so>
14
30
< SI >
15
31
are identical
to IBM character
set #2.
The duplication
of control codes enables systems with a 7-bit interface
to obtain control functions when the most significant bit is set to 1 by the
-=ESC> “ > ” command.
ADDITIONAL
CHARACTER
SET
In IBM mode, additional characters can
be printed by special commands.
9
+I
t
24
OuL25
-3
26
103
INTERNATIONAL
CHARACTER
When an international
character
2-4 or by a command from software,
character set:
Country
SETS
set is selected by DIP switches 2-2 to
the following changes are made in the
23 24 40 5B 5C 5D 5E 60 7B 7C 7D 7E 9B 9D
1U.S.A.
# $ h o 0 §
A a ii
+I#$§ +I-
I FRANCE
1GERMANY
ITALY
SPAIN 1
JAPAN
NORWAY
DENMARK
2
SPAIN 2
LATIN AMERICA
DFNN4RK/NORWA
# $
8 s
# $
#ad
# $
## $
# $
# $
-l-t-
-I ’
T-/T-/T*A tt
B 0 1% -I-
rlsie
1ENGLAND
e
e
e
A ij A
-I-+
A
it
A
,
A
I
ii
-T
ze
6
a?
0
’
-T
fib
6
A
ii
t
-T
A
6
+:
>
+ ii
f
6
6
e
z
h
- *.
6
T
See page 17 for the DIP switch settings.
The commands
Standard
Where
n are:
n means
0
1
2
3
4
104
U.S.A
France
Germany
England
Denmark
for selecting
mode:
character
I
the international
< ESC > “R” n
code n, i.e. CHR$
5
6
7
8
9
Sweden
Italy
Spain I
Japan
Norway
character
IBM mode:
sets are:
< FS > “R” n
(n) in BASIC.
10
11
12
13
The values
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Denmark/Norway
of
INDEX
r--L&
Absolute tab, 78
Auto feed, 86
Automatic carriage return, 16
Automatic
line feed, 17, 75
Automatic
sheet feeder, 6, 16
--
B
Backspace, 76
Bail lever, 2, 7, 8, 9, II, 12
Battery, RAM card, 48
BASIC, 23, 38, 92
Beeper, 20, 22, 26, 27, 86
Bidirectional
printing, 86
Bit-image printing, 35, 43. 50, 79, 80, 81
Bold printing, 59
Bottom margin, 72
Buffer, 17, 27, 51
,cl
Cancel command, 84
Carriage return, 75
Centering, 76
Channels of vertical tab stops, 73
Character codes, printing of all, 62
Character set commands,
61
Character sets, 52, 61. 97 - 104
Character size and pitch commands,
Character spacing, 66
Cleaping, 45
Column width, 30, 53
Commands:
download character, 81
font control, 57
graphics, 79
horizontal position, 74
vertical position, 68
Commercial
software, 29 - 33
Condensed pitch, 22, 50, 64
Connector,
3, 6
Control panel, 3, 29
Courier type style, 21
jD
Delete, 83
Dimensions
of printer,
53
DIP switches, 14 - 18, 31, 49, 50, 51, 61, 70,
72, 81, 82, 83, 87
DOS commands,
35, 36, 37, 38
Dot matrix size, 52
Double-size characters,
66, 67
Double-strike
printing, 59
Download character commands,
81
Download characters.
17, 50, 52, 82,
89 - 96
Draft quality, 21, 57, 82
E.
Electrical specifications,
54
Elite pitch, 22, 63, 82
Emphasized printing, 50, 59
Emulation,
16, 29, 51
Entry slot, 3
Environmental
requirements,
Epson printers, 29
Escape code, 30
Escape sequences, 57
Expanded printing, 64
1, 54
/FI
63
Fanfold forms:
loading, 9, 49
parking, II, 25
specifications,
53
unparking,
I2
Fixed spacing, 65
Font card, 5
Font control commands,
Form feed, 72
57
El
Gap, 14
Graphics, 35, 43, 50, 79, 80
Graphics commands,
79
m
Hard copy,
Hexadecimal
High-density
High-speed
Horizontal
Horizontal
35
dump, 23 - 25
elite, 63
elite, 63
position commands,
tabulation,
50, 78
74
Irl
IBM character sets, 61, 100 - 103
IBM mode, 16, 43
IBM printers, 29
IBM-PC, 24
IC card, 5
Immediate print, 85
Initialization
sequence, 31
Installing software, 29
Interface:
signals, 54 - 55
specifications,
51
test, 13
International
characters,
17. 50, 62, 104
Italic printing, 21, 33, 58
/JI
Justification,
76
Eel
printing
49
Left margin, 74, 76
Letter quality, 21, 58. 82
Line feed, 70
Line spacing, 49, 53, 67, 68, 70
Locating the printer, I
/M
Maintenance,
45
Manual feed, 86
Margins:
bottom, 72
left, 74, 77
right, 74, 75
top, 7. 72
Master print mode, 65
Micro-feed. 26
Microjustification,
66
Most significant bit, 83
ml
Normal
m
Quadruple-size
characters,
Quiet mode, 21
66
m
RAM card, 5, 48
Rear cover, 3, 9
Release lever, 3, 7, 9
Reset printer, 87
Reverse line feed, 70
Reverse micro-feed, 26
Ribbon cartridge, 4, 45. 51
Right margin, 74, 75
ROM character set, 83
1sI
character,
89
/01
Off-line, 20, 85
On Line switch, 20, 22, 85
Orator type style, 21, 58
Ornament character, 58
Overlining, 60
IPI
Page feed, 26, 72
Page length, 16, 72
106
Page width, 30, 53
Panel pitch, 23
Panel style, 23
Paper Feed switch, 22, 25
Paper feed, 7, 8, 9, 10. 11, 12. 51
Paper guide, 6, I I
Paper specifications,
53
Paper-out detector, 16, 49, 73
Parking, II, 12, 25
Pause, 20, 32
Pica pitch, 22, 63
Pitch, 22, 23, 32, 53, 63
Platen knob, 3
Power cord, 6
Power indicator,
19
Prestige type style, 21
Print head, 46 - 47, 51
Print pitch, 17, 68
Printer commands,
37, 50, 57
Printing gap adjustment,
I4
Printing mechanism,
51
Programming,
36 - 44
Proportional
pitch, 22, 65
PrtSc key, 35
Script type style, 21, 58
Self tests, 12, 13, 22
Semi-condensed
pitch, 63
Setting up, 3
Single sheets:
manual loading, 8
semiautomatic
loading, 7
specifications,
53
Software, 29 - 33
Specifications,
51 - 55
Sprocket feed, 9 - 12, 51
Standard character set, 16. 61, 98, 99
Standard mode, 26, 43
Star printers, 29
Style/Pitch switch, 21, 23, 26
Subscripts, 60
Super/subscript
character, 91
Superscripts,
60
Tabulation,
50, 73, 74. 77
Test patterns, 12, IS, 22
Top cover, 3, 5
Top margin, 7, 72
Top of page (form), 26, 31, 72
Tractor feed, 9 - 12. 51
Troubleshooting,
49 - 50
Type style, 17, 21, 32, 53, 58, 68
Type style commands,
32
Underlining,
59, 60
Unidirectional
printing, 86
Unpacking
and inspection,
J
Unparking,
I2
DC
Vertical
Vertical
position commands,
tabulation.
73
68
107
COMMAND SUMMARY
MODE
IBM
Std.
Std.
IBM
Std.
IBM
Std.
Std.
IBM
IBM
108
CONTROL CODE
<BEL>
CBS>
<HT>
<LF>
<VT>
<FF>
<CR>
<so>
<SI>
<DC]>
<DC2>
<DC2>
<DC3>
<DC42
<CAN>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC >
< ESC >
< ESC >
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC >
< ESC >
<ESC>
< ESC
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC
<ESC
< ESC
<ESC>
< ESC
<LF>
<FF>
<SO>
<SI>
<EM>
<O>
<EM>
<4>
<EM > “R”
<EM>
“T”n
(“I,,
“!” n
“#”
“S” nl n2
“%” <(I>
“%” < 1 >
“%” “0”
“%” “1”
"&" CO> nln2mOmlm2dld2....
1 “*” n0 nl n2 ml m2 ..,.
“+“n
“-”
<O>
“-”
<l>
> “ - 7, “0”
> “-” “1”
> “1” n0
> “0”
> “I”
“2”
“2”
> “3” n
“4”
“4”
> “5”
> “5” <O>
> “5” < 1 >
“6”
> “7”
FUNCTION
Bell
Backspace
Horizontal
tab
Line feed
Vertical tab
Form feed
Carriage return
Expanded printing for one line
Condensed printing
Set printer on-line
Cancel condensed printing
Pica pitch
Set printer off-line
Cancel one-line expanded printing
Cancel last line
Reverse line feed
Return to top of current page
Expanded print for one line
Condensed printing
Manual feed
Auto feed
Eject paper from ASF
Set print start position on ASF
Increase character spacing
Select master print mode
Accept MSB as is
Absolute horizontal
tab in inches
Select ROM character set
Select download character set
Select ROM character set
Select download character set
Define download characters
Select graphics mode
Set line spacing to n/360 inch
Stop underlining
Start underlining
Stop underlining
Start underlining
Select vertical tab channel
Set line spacing to l/8 inch
Set line spacing to 7/60 or 7/72 inch
Execute <ESC>
“A”
Set line spacing to l/6 inch
Set line spacing to n/l80 or n/216 inch
Set top of page at current position
Select italic characters
Select upright characters
Cancel automatic line feed
Set automatic line feed
Select character set #2
Select character set #I
MODE
CONTROL CODE
< ESC >
“8”
IBM
Std.
< ESC > “9”
< ESC > “:”
<ESC>
“:” <O>
Std.
IBM
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
“<”
“=”
“=”
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
“2”
“?” n m
“@”
“A” n
“A” n
“B”nI n2 ____CO>
“C” n
“C” <O> n
“D” nl n2
<O>
“E”
“F”
“G”
“H”
“I” n
“J” n
IBM
Std.
>
>
>
>
<ESC>
< ESC
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
,, co>
Std.
IBM
IBM
Std.
< ESC > “0”
<ESC>
“I”’
<ESC>
“p”
<ESC>
“p”
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
<ESC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
“Q”
“Q”
“R”
“R”
“S”
“S”
“S”
“S”
“T”
“U”
“U”
“U”
“U”
“V”
>
>
>
>
“W”
“W”
“W”
“W”
“x”
“Y”
>
>
>
PAGE
Disable paper-out
detector
Enable paper-out detector
Elite pitch
Copy character set from
ROM into RAM card
One-line unidirectional
printing
Set MSB to 0
13
13
63
CO> nln2mOmlm2dld2....
c ESC > “K” nl n2 ml
< ESC > “I” nl n2 ml
< ESC > “M”
< ESC > “N” n
Std.
IBM
IBM
FUNCTION
<O>
<I>
n
“$”
n
<O>
< 1z
“0”
“1”
<O>
<l>
“0”
“1”
n dl d2
<(I>
<I>
“0”
“1”
nl n2
nl n2 ml
c ESC > “Z” nl n2 ml
< ESC > “[” “(3” <4>
Define download characters
Set MSB to 1
Convert graphics density
Reset printer
Set line spacing to n/72 inch
Set line spacing to n/60 inch
Set vertical tab stops
Set page length to n lines
Set page length to n inches
Set horizontal
tab stops
Emphasized printing
Cancel emphasized printing
Double-strike
printing
Cancel double-strike
printing
Select character type and print pitch
Perform one nil IO-inch or n/216-inch
line feed
m2
Print 8-bit single-density
graphics
m2
Print 8-bit double-density
graphics
Elite pitch
Set bottom margin
Cancel top and bottom margins
Pica pitch
Select fixed spacing
Select proportional
spacing
Set right margin
Set minter off-line
Reset all tab stops
Select international
character set
Superscript
Subscript
Superscript
Subscript
Cancel superscript
or subscript
Bidirectional
printing
Unidirectional
printing
Bidirectional
printing
Unidirectional
printing
dx < ESC > “V” < 0 >
Repeat data
Cancel expanded printing
Expanded printing
Cancel expanded printing
Expanded printing
Set left and right margins
m2
Print 8-bit double-density,
double-speed
graphics
m2
Print 8-bit quadruple-density
graphics
<o> <o> <O> n m
Select character height, width,
and line spacing
ii:,
83
82
83
2
70
67
109
MODE
FUNCTION
CONTROL CODE
I BM
<ESC>
IBM
IBM
Std.
IBM
< ESC > “[” *‘g” nl n2 rn0 ml m2
<ESC>
“\” nl n2
c ESC > “1” nl n2
<ESC>
“n”
IBM
Std.
Edl
“[““\”
<4>
<ESC>
“_"
<ESC>
“_"
<I
"0"
< ESC
>
“_"
<O>
>
< ESC
>
“_"
“ 1"
<ESC
>
"a"
<O>
< ESC
>
“a"
< 1>
< ESC
>
“a"
<
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
<ESC>
< ESC
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
2>
“a” < 3 >
“a” “0”
“a” “1”
“a” “2”
“a” “3”
“b”nl n2
“c” n
“d” nl n2
“e” co>
“e” < 1 >
“e” “0” n
“e” “1” n
“f’ <O>
“f’ < 1 z
“f’ “0” n
“f’ “1” n
“g"
“h”
“i”
“i”
“i”
“i”
n
<0>
< 1>
“o”
“, 33
< ESC > “j”
< ESC > “j" n
< ESC > “k” n
< WC > “I” n
<ESC>
“D” <O>
< ESC > “$ < 1 >
Std.
< ESC
>
“p”
“0”
< ESC
>
“p”
“1”
< ESC
< ESC
<ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
“9”
“s”
“s”
“s”
“s”
“t”
“t”
‘y”
< ESC > “t”
<ESC>
“w”
<Ex>
“w”
< ESC > “w”
< ESC > “w”
<ESC>
“x”
<O>
n
<O>
< 1>
“0”
“1”
<0>
< 1>
“ 33
0
“ 1”
-co>
<I>
“0”
“1”
<O>
<O>
n
n
n
n
<O>
-co> <O> n .._
Select base unit for line spacing
Select graphics mode
Enable printing of all character codes
Relative horizontal tab
Enable printing of all character codes
on next character
Stop overlining
Start overlining
Stop overlining
Start overlining
Left justify
Center text
Right justify
Full justify
Left justify
Center text
Right justify
Full justify
Set vertical tab stops in channel
Set top margin
Relative horizontal
tab in inches
Set horizontal
tab stop every n columns
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
Set horizontal tab stow everv n columns
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
Absolute horizontal
tab in columns
Feed paper n lines
Absolute horizontal
tab in columns
Feed paper n lines
Semi-condensed
Ditch
Select double or quadruple
size
Cancel immediate print
Immediate print
Cancel immediate print
Immediate mint
Stop printing
Perform one n/180-inch reverse
line feed
Select LQ type style
Set left marein
Select fixed ipacing
Select proportional
spacing
Select fixed spacing
Select proportional
spacing
Select ornament character
Cancel auiet mint
Quiet print
Cancel quiet print
Quiet print
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Return to normal height
Print double-height
characters
Return to normal height
Print double-height
characters
Select draft quality characters
I
I
60
::
::
;6”
::
::
78
77
73
77
MODE
FUNCTION
CONTROL CODE
< ESC
< ESC
< ESC
<ESC>
<ESC>
< ESC
<ESC>
> “x” < 1 >
> “x” “0”
> “x” “1”
“-”
<O>
-.w” < l>
> “ - ” “0”
“A.” ‘$1”
IBM
IBM
IBM
<FS>
< FS >
<FS>
< FS >
IFS>
“2”
“3” n
“4”
“5”
“:” <O>
IBM
<FS>
“=”
IBM
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
IBM
Std.
IBM
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
Std.
IBM
n
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
<FS>
< FS >
“(M “(”
“(” “(”
“R” n
“S” co>
“S” < 1 >
“S” “0”
3” “1”
“V” < 0 >
“V” < 1 >
“V” “0”
“V” “ 1”
“Z”nln2mlm2m3....
“\” nl n2
“0” “)” “)”
“4” “)” “)”
“(3,
“R”
‘yD;E>‘sT”
Std..
n <O>
“(”
“E”
“F”
“I”
“I”
“I”
“I”
<0>
< 1>
“0”
“1”
::q:: n
‘;)”
‘Z)”
“)”
“)”
n
Select LO characters
Select draft quality characters
Select LQ characters
Select normal zero
Select slash zero
Select normal zero
Select slash zero
Set line spacing to l/6 inch
Set line spacing to n/360 inch
Select italic characters
Select upright characters
CODV character
set
from ROM into RAM card
Set MSB to 0
Reset printer
Set line spacing to n/72 inch
Select LO. tvue
-. stvle
Select character width
Select forward feed mode
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Set right margin
Select reverse feed mode
Select international
character set
High-density
elite pitch
High-speed elite pitch
High-density
elite pitch
High-speed elite pitch
Return to normal height
Print double-height
characters
Return to normal height
Print double-height
characters
Print 24-bit hex-density graphics
Relative horizontal
tab
Manual feed
Auto feed
Eject paper from ASF
Set print start position on ASF
Delete last character sent
111
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement