Star Micronics NX-1020 User's Manual

Star Micronics NX-1020 User's Manual
NX-1020
RAINBOW
USERS MANUAL
NOT INTENDED FOR SALE
Federal Communications Commission
Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can
be determined by turning the equipment off and at, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
* Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
* Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radioDV technician for help.
l
l
Unauthorized modifications of this product by the user will void his authority
unless expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance.
For compliance
with the Federal Noise Interference
to operate the equipment
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Standard, this equipment requires a shielded cable.
The above statement applies only to printers marketed
in the V.SA.
Statement of
The Canadian Department of Communications
Radio Interference Regulations
This digitalapparatus
does not exceed theClass B limits for radionoiseemissions
from digitalapparatus
set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le ptisent appareil numkique n’hen pas de bruits radioklectriques dCpassant les limites applicables
aux appareils numCriques de la classe B prescrites dans le Reglement sur le brouillage radio&cnique
Cdict6 par le miniske des Communications
du Canada.
The above statement applies only IO printers marketed in Canada.
Trademark
Acknowledgements
NX-1020, NX-1000, LC-10, ND-lo/H: Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
IBM PC, PC-AT, PC-XT, Proprinter III, Proprinter II, PC-DOS: International
Corp.
Microsoft BASIC, MS-DOS: Microsoft Corporation
FX-850, EX-800, LX-854 LX-810: Seiko Epson Corp.
Business Machines
NOTICE
l
.
.
.
All rights reserved. Reproduction of any part of this manual in any form whatsoever without
STAR’s express permission is forbidden.
The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice.
All efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the contents of this manual at the time of
press. However, should any errors LXdetected, STAR would greatiy appreciate being informed
of them.
The above notwithstanding,
STAR can assume no responsibility for any errors in this manual.
0 Copyright 1990 Star Micronics Co., Ltd.
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HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
This manual is organized into nine chapters. To learn how to make the best
use of your printer you are urged to read through chapters 1 through 3. The
remaining chapters may be treated as a reference guide for programming
operations, etc. It assumes a degree of knowledge of the operation of
computers (for instance, it assumes you know about hexadecimal numbers).
The chapters are as follows:
Chapter 1 -
Setting up the printer
This chapter explains how to get the printer unpacked and set up. Read this
chapter before you do anything else.
Chapter 2 -
Control panel operations
There are a number of controls on the front panel which perform various
functions related to paper handling, print modes and font selection.
After getting set up, read this chapter and try out the various procedures in
it to find out how the printer works.
Chapter 3 -
Default settings
This chapter explains how to use the Electronic DIP Switch (EDS) mode to
make system settings on the printer.
Chapter 4 -
Printer control commands
This chapter explains the different emulations provided by your printer, and
the software commands used to drive it. This section is of use if you are
writing or modifying programs to take advantage of the printer’s features.
Chapter 5 -
Download characters
This chapter explains the procedures to create your own characters.
Chapter 6 -
MS-DOS and your printer
Since the PC or PC-AT family of computers running under MS-DOS is
currently the most popular configuration of microcomputer, we have included a few hints and tips to help you use your printer with such systems.
Since virtually all PCs are sold with a Microsoft BASIC interpreter, we have
also included some hints, and a sample program in this language to
demonstrate the capabilities of the printer.
Chapter 7 -
Troubleshooting and maintenance
This section gives a checklist of points to check if your printer is not working
in the expected way. It also includes details of some routine maintenance
operations you can carry out yourself. It is not, however, a complete service
manual. Call a qualified service engineer if you are unsure of your ability to
carry out any maintenance or servicing operations.
Chapter 8 -
Specifications
This section gives the specifications of your printer.
Chapter 9 -
Character sets
These charts show the different character sets available.
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FEATURES OF THE PRINTER
This printer has a full complement of features, making it an excellent partner
for a personal computer. It supports the IBM/Epson printer commands and
character sets, enabling it to print just about anything your computer can
generate, both text and graphics. Some of its main features are the following:
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Extensive software support
Since it is compatible with the Epson and IBM printers, it works with any
software that supports those printers. That includes most word-processing
and graphics programs, spread-sheets, and integrated software packages.
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Easy operation
Clearly understandable indicator displays and beep tones provide immediate feedback when you press the buttons on the control panel. The five
buttons can operate in combinations to perform a surprising variety of
functions, including micro-alignment.
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Easy care and maintenance
The ribbon cartridge can be replaced in seconds the print head in a few
minutes.
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Versatile paper handling
Single sheets, fanfold forms, and multi-part forms (up to quadruple-ply) are
all accepted, and you can use either push/pull tractor or friction feed. A
special feature enables you to keep fanfold forms parked in readiness while
printing on other paper.
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Large variety of fonts and sizes
The printerhas one draft font, one High-Speed Draft font and four NLQ fonts
(Courier, Sanserif, Orator and Script), italics for all styles, plus condensed
print, bold print, double-sized print, and quadruple-sized print.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1 SETTING UP THE PRINTER
Locating the Printer
Unpacking and Inspection
Checking the carton contents
Identifying printer parts
Setting Up
Mounting the platen knob
Install the ribbon cartridge and the roller unit
Connecting the printer to your computer
Loading Single Sheets
Automatic loading
Manual loading
Loading and Parking Fanfold Forms
Loading the paper from the rear of the printer
Loading the paper from the bottom of the printer
Paper parking
Paper unparking
Loading Multi-Part Forms
Adjusting the Printing Gap
Chapter 2 CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS
Buttons and Indicators
ON LINE button
PAPER FEED button
SET/EJECT/PARK button
PITCH button
FONT button
Power-Up Functions
Short test mode
Long test mode
Print area test mode
Stay in panel pitch
Stay in panel font
Stay in panel pitch and font
Hexadecimal dump
Switch Combination Functions
Form feed
Top of form
1
1
2
2
3
4
4
4
8
9
9
11
12
12
15
16
17
18
19
21
21
22
22
23
23
24
25
25
26
27
27
27
27
28
30
30
30
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Forward micro-feed
Reverse micro-feed
Changing the auto loading value
Clearing the buffer/All reset
Selecting the print color
Store macro definition
Chapter 3 DEFAULT SETTINGS
How to set the EDS mode
Functions of the EDS settings
Bidirectional test/Adjustment mode
Chapter 4 PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
Font Control Commands
Character Set Commands
Character Size and Pitch Commands
Vertical Position Commands
Horizontal Position Commands
Graphics Commands
Download Character Commands
Color Selection Commandes
Other Printer Control Commands
Chapter 5 DOWNLOAD CHARACTERS
Designing Your Own Draft Characters
Defining the attribute data
Assigning the character data
Sample program
Defining Your Own NLQ Characters
Assigning the character data with the Standard mode
Assigning the character data with the IBM mode
Chapter 6 MS-DOS AND YOUR PRINTER
Installing Application Software with Your Printer
Embedding Printer Commands
Programming the Printer with DOS Commands
Programming with BASIC
How the program works
31
31
31
32
32
33
35
35
36
40
41
42
47
50
55
62
67
70
74
76
81
81
82
83
84
86
86
90
95
95
96
98
101
104
Chapter 7 TROUBLESHOOTING
AND MAINTENANCE
Troubleshooting
Power supply
Printing
Paper feeding
Maintenance
Replacing the Print Head
107
107
108
108
110
113
113
Chapter 8 SPECIFICATIONS
115
Chapter 9 CHARACTER
119
120
122
123
124
124
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
SETS
Standard Character Set #l
Standard Character Set #2
International Character Sets
IBM Character Set #2
Code page #437 (U.S.A.)
Code page #850 (Multi-lingual)
Code page #860 (Portuguese)
Code page #861 (Icelandic)
Code page #863 (Canadian French)
Code page #865 (Nordic)
IBM Character Set #l
IBM Special Character Set
INDEX
133
COMMAND SUMMARY
136
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Chapter 1
SETTING UP THE PRINTER
Subjects covered in Chapter 1 include l
Locating the printer
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Unpacking and inspection (part names)
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Setting up and connecting
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Loading single sheets
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Loading and parking fanfold forms
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Adjusting the printing gap
LOCATING THE PRINTER
Before you start unpacking and setting up your printer, make sure that you
have a suitable place on which to locate it. By “a suitable place”, we mean:
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A firm, level surface which is fairly vibration-free
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Away from excessive heat (such as direct sunlight, heaters, etc)
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Away from excessive humidity
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Away from excessive dust
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Supply it with “clean” electricity. Do not connect it to the same circuit as
a large, noise-producing appliance such as a refrigerator.
Make sure the line voltage is the voltage specified on the printer’s
identification plate.
To disconnect the printer the plug has to be disconnected from the wall
socket, which has to be located close to the printer, and easy to access.
Install the printer where there is sufficient room for the paper and any
paper being fed in or printed out.
If you are connecting your printer with a parallel cable, make sure that the
cable is within 2m (6ft) of the printer. An RS-232 connection using the
optional SPC-8K interface can be made over longer distances.
1
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UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
Checking the carton contents
Now unpack the contents of the shipping carton, and check each item in the
box against Figure l- 1 to make sure that you have everything (there should
be six items).
If any of these items are missing, contact your supplier.
b.
The optional accessories which you may have ordered with your printer are:
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Monochrome ribbon cartridge (ZX9)
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Serial-Parallel converter (SPC-8K)
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Automatic sheet feeder (SF- IODN)
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Roll paper holder (RH-IOZ)
Identifying printer parts
Make an external inspection of the printer. Note the locations of the
following parts in Figure l-2.
FIgwe
7-Z. The printer’s external parts
Roller unit:
Release lever:
Top cover:
Rear cover:
Entry slot:
Control panel:
Power switch:
Interface connector:
holds the paper against the platen.
releases the platen. This lever must be back for
single sheets, and forward for fanfold forms.
protects the print head and other internal parts.
protects the tractor feed mechanism.
for inserting single sheets of paper.
controls various printer functions.
turns power on and off.
for connecting the computer to the printer.
3
SETTING UP
Place the printer in the desired location, and remove all packing material
from inside the top cover. This packing material is intended to prevent
damage to the printer while in transit. You will want to keep all the packing
material, along with the printer carton, in case you have to move the printer
to a new location.
Mounting the platen knob
The platen knob is packed into a recess of the white foam packing material
which held your printer inside the carton. Be sure to remove the knob from
the packaging.
Mount the knob on the platen shaft, which is on the right-hand side of the
printer. Rotate the knob on the shaft before pushing the knob fully into
position.
Piaten
knob
Figure
T-3. Mounting the platen knob
Install the ribbon cartridge and the roller unit
Remove the top cover by lifting up the front (using the two grips on either
side), and pulling the cover towards you (see Figure l-4). Now install the
ribbon. (If you want to print with black only, install the monochrome ribbon
cartridge, ZX9.)
4
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F/gum T-4. Removing the top cover
1. Turn the tension knob counterclockwise on the ribbon cartridge to
tighten the ribbon if it is slack.
2. Guide the ribbon between the print head and the silver print head shield,
making certain that the spindles on the cartridge holder fit into the
sockets on the cartridge itself.
int head shield
F/gum
1-5. Installing the ribbon cartridge
3. The ribbon should pass between the print head and the print head shield
(see Figure l-6).
rint head shield
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Figum 7-6. Pass the ribbon between the print head and print head shield
4. After you have installed the ribbon cartridge, install the roller unit.
5. Open the rear cover using the two grips on either side.
6. Gripping the lock levers on both sides of the roller unit, fit the mounting
brackets onto the shaft inside of the printer mechanism. You will need
to tilt the roller unit slightly backward.
7. Secure the roller unit firmly by lowering into position, as shown in
Figure l-7.
8. Close the rear cover.
6
Figure T-7. Install the roller unit onto the printer
To replace the top cover, insert the tabs into the slots on the printer case.
Swing the front edge down to close the cover.
Leave the top cover closed during normal operation. The cover keeps out
dust and dirt and reduces the printer’s operating sounds. Open the cover only
to change the ribbon or make an adjustment.
NOTE : When you remove the color ribbon cartridge, press the ribbon
release catch toward you with your index finger. Once the ribbon is
free of the print head, the cartridge lifts out easily.
Connecting the printer to your computer
Connect the printer to your computer using a standard parallel interface
cable. On a PC or PC/AT-type computer, this means that you use the 25pin
D-type connector at the computer end, and the Amphenol-type 36-pin connector at the printer end. The configuration of the printer’s connector is
given in Chapter 8 should you need a cable for connecting to another
computer.
If you need to connect to a serial port, use the optional Serial-Parallel converter, SPC-8K.
\ -i%
\Y
Connector
Inierface
cable
Figurn 7-S. Connecting the interface cable
Plug the printer into a suitable outlet. However, DO NOT turn on the power
switch at the front of the printer yet.
NOTE: To disconnect the printer the plug has to be disconnected from the
wall socket, which has to be located close to the printer, and easy to
access.
8
LOADING SINGLE SHEETS
This section will take you through the procedures for loading single sheets
of paper.
If you are using the optional automatic sheet feeder (SF- lODN), refer to the
ASF instruction booklet.
Automatic loading
Single sheets can be loaded manually with the power off, or automatically
with the power on. We will start the easy way with automatic loading.
1. Place the paper guide in position by inserting the tabs, located on the
bottom of the assembly, into the slots on the rear cover of the printer.
Figure 1-9. Mounting the paper guide for single sheets
2. Adjust the paper guides to match the size of the paper you will be using.
Remember that printing will start some distance from the left-hand edge
of the carria.ge.
3. Turn on the power using the switch located at the front of the printer. The
printer will beep, indicating that there is no paper in position for printing.
The orange POWER indicator will also flash to confirm this.
9
4. Make sure that the release lever is back.
If fanfold paper is already mounted in the printer, press the ( SE~&~cT1
button to park the paper in the off-line state, then move the release lever
backwards.
5. Place a single sheet between the guides, placing the side on which you
want to print towards the back of the printer. Gently push the paper down
in the guides until you feel it stop.
) button. The paper will be fed into the printer
6. Now press the ( SETpE&C’
and adjusted past the print head to a position ready for printing.
7. If you want to set the paper to a different position, set the printer off-line
by pressing the ( ON LINE ) button, then set the paper by using the
micro-feed function. (For details, refer to Chapter 2.)
lease lever
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Figure 1-10. Loading a single sheet
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Manual loading
It is also possible to load paper manually while the printer’s power is off. The
procedure is:
1. Place the paper guide in position by inserting the tabs, located on the
bottom of the assembly, into the slots on the rear cover of the printer.
2. Check that printer power is off and the release lever is back.
3. Adjust the paper guides to match the size of paper you will be using.
Remember that printing will start some distance from the left-hand edge
of the carriage.
4. Place a single sheet between the guides, placing the side on which you
want to print towards the back of the printer. Gently push the paper down
in the guides until you feel it stop.
5. Turn the platen knob clockwise until the front edge of the paper comes
out from under the top cover.
6. If the paper is not straight, move the release lever forward, then
straighten the paper by hand and move the release lever back.
11
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LOADING AND PARKING FANFOLD FORMS
Fanfold forms have holes along the sides and perforations between the
sheets. They are also called sprocket forms, punched forms, or just plain
“computer paper”. This printer accepts forms up to 10” wide. This section
will take you through the procedures for loading, parking and unparking
fanfold forms.
Loading the paper from the rear of the printer
You can load the fanfold paper either from the rear or from the bottom of the
printer. If you are going to load the paper from the bottom, refer to the next
section.
1. Place a stack of fanfold paper behind and at least one page-length below
the printer.
2. Turn the printer’s power OFF.
3. Push the release lever forward. This has the effect of releasing the paper
from the platen roller, and engaging the tractor feed.
4. Remove the paper guide and put it aside for the moment.
5. Remove the rear cover using the two grips on either side, and push backwards as in Figure l-11.
1-77.
nemovmg me rear cover
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6. Move the tractor units downwards by gripping the positioning levers on
both side of the tractor unit as shown in Figure 1-12.
Tractor cover
mp lever
Figure
1-72. Move the tractor units downwards for loading the paper from the rear
7. With the tractor covers open, mount the paper by aligning holes with the
pins on the tractor unit.
Tractor
cover
p lever
figure
l-73. Mount the fanfold paper over the tractor units
13
8. Adjust the spacing of the tractor units by sliding them along the bar, using
the clamp lever at the back of each unit to release and lock them in
position. When the clamp lever is up, the unit is released, and when it is
down, the unit is locked.
9. Now close the tractor covers, again making sure that the paper holes are
aligned with the pins on the tractor units. If they are not aligned properly,
you will have problems with paper feeding, possibly resulting in tearing
and jamming of the paper.
10. Turn on the power using the switch located at the front of the printer. The
printer will beep, indicating that the paper is not yet fully loaded. The
orange POWER indicator will also flash to confirm this.
11. Now press the ( VCC=,W~
) button. The paper will be fed and adjusted
past the print head to a position ready for printing.
12. If you want to set the paper to a different position, set the printer off-line
by pressing the ( ON LINE ) button, then set the paper by using the
micro-feed function. (For details, refer to Chapter 2.)
13. Replace the rear cover, and mount the paper guide in the horizontal
position shown in Figure 1-14, so that it will separate the printed from
the unprinted paper.
Figure
i-14. Mounting the paper guide for fanfold forms
Loading the paper from the bottom of the printer
You can load the fanfold paper from the bottom of the printer with the
following procedure.
1. Remove the top cover and the roller unit.
2. Open the rear cover using the two grips at the side, and push backwards.
3. Grip the positioning levers on both side of the tractor unit, and pull the
unit upwards as shown in Figure 1-15.
Positioning
lever
Positioning
lever
Figure 7-75. Pull up the tractor unit for bottom feeding
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4. Place a stack of fanfold paper below the printer.
5. With the tractor covers open, mount the paper from the bottom of the
printer, by aligning holes with the pins on the tractor unit.
6. Adjust the spacing of the tractor units by sliding them along the bar, using
the clamp lever at the back of each unit to release and lock them in
position. When the lever is up, the unit is released, and when it is down,
the unit is locked.
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Figuro I-16. Mount the fanfold paper from the bottom of the printer.
7. Now close the tractor covers, again making sure that the paper holes are
aligned with the pins on the tractor units. If they are not aligned pIoperly,
you will have problems with paper feeding, possibly resulting in tearing
and jamming of the paper.
8. Remount the roller unit and replace the rear cover and the top cover.
Paper parking
After loading fanfold paper from the rear of the printer, you do not have to
unload it when you want to print on a single sheet. The printer will “park”
it for you if you follow the procedure below.
1. To begin paper parking, start with power ON, fanfold paper loaded in
printing position, and the release lever forward.
2. Press the ( ON LINE Ibutton on the control panel to set the printer offline. ON LINE indicator will turn off.
3. Tear off the printed form at the last perforation, leaving not more than
about half a page showing above the top cover. If necessary, press the
(PAPER FEED) button to feed paper forward until a perforation is located
just above the top cover, and tear there.
4. Press the ( sEsdscT 1 button on the control panel.
The printer will automatically feed the fanfold form backward until the
paper is completely free of the platen.
16
5. Move the release lever to the back.
6. Mount the paper guide in the upright position.
Now you can load single sheets either automatically or manually, as
explained previously. The fanfold paper remains parked at the back of the
printer.
NOTE:You
cannot park the fanfold paper if you have loaded it from the
bottom of the printer.
Paper unparking
When you want to resume using fanfold paper, the procedure is as follows.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove all single sheets from the printer.
Mount the paper guide in the horizontal position.
Move the release lever to the front.
Press the C TFAF > button. The printer will automatically feed the
parked fanfold paper back into position for printing.
NOTE: The printer beeps intermittently if you move the release lever while
the paper is loaded.
17
LOADING MULTI-PART FORMS
You can print on continuous multi-part forms with the built-in tractor unit.
You can use multi-part forms that have up to four parts including the original
when the Multi-part mode is selected with the EDS setting. (For details,
please refer to Chapter 3.)
It is recommended to use forms jointed by dotted or pasting under the normal
office condition.
Multi-part forms should be pressure sensitive, and should not be used in the
friction feed. (Bottom feed with the pull-tractor is recommended.)
NOTE: When printing continuous multi-part forms, care should be taken,
as the edges of the paper might be damaged.
The tolerance between the dotted or pasted position and other
positions must be less than 0.05 mm.
18
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ADJUSTING
THE PRINTING GAP
The distance between the print head and the platen can be adjusted to
accommodate different paper thicknesses. To make this adjustment, remove
the top cover. The adjustment lever is located at the left side of the printer
mechanism. Pushing the adjustment lever backwards narrows the gap;
pulling it forwards widens the gap.
There are five positions, and you can feel the lever clicking into each
position. The second position from the rear is the one most commonly used
for single sheets of paper. Try different positions until you get the best
printing results. (Do not set the lever out of the marked positions.)
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Figure 7-77. Location of the adjustment lever
The following table provides the recommended lever positions for each
paper types as a reference.
Weight (g/ml)
(Each paper)
Paper Type
52-82
Single
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83 - 90
2-PlY
40-58
3-PlY
40-58
4-PlY
40-58
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Thickness (mm)
(Total)
Recommended
Lever position
0.07 - 0.10
2nd
0.11 - 0.12
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3rd
0.12 - 0.16
3rd
0.18 - 0.20
3rd
0.21 - 0.25
4th
0.24 - 0.26
4th
0.27 - 0.30
5th
NOTE: Pressure sensitive paper is recommended for the multi-part paper.
Multi-part mode is recommended when using the 4-ply paper.
(Refer to Chapter 3.)
Chapter 2
CONTROL PANEL OPERATIONS
The control panel buttons can be pressed individually to perform the operations indicated by their names. Other functions can be achieved by holding
these buttons down when you turn the printer’s power on, or by pressing the
control panel buttons in combination.
This chapter explains all the button and indicator functions.
Pause printing
Feed paper (fast and slow, forward and reverse)
Park fanfold forms
Set the top-of-form position
9 Select the print pitch
Select a font
Print test patterns
Prevent software from changing the panel pitch and font selections
Print a hexadecimal dump
9 Clear the printer’s buffer
Change the print color
Store macro definition
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BUTTONS AND INDICATORS
The printer is equipped with five buttons on the control panel. From left to
right they are,(‘)
and (PITCH)(smaller buttons), and C sE~~~~Cr),
(PAPER FEED), and ( ON LINE )(larger buttons).
The following is a brief guide to the buttons and indicators on the control
panel.
Figure 2-T. Control panel
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ON LINE button
The ( ONLINE ) button sets the printer on-line and off-line. The status
changes each time you press the button.
When the printer is on-line, it can receive and print data from the computer.
When the printer is off-line, it stops printing and sends the computer a signal
indicating that it cannot accept data.
The printer powers up in the on-line status if paper is loaded. If paper is not
loaded, the printer powers up off-line with the POWER indicator flashing.
When you load paper, the POWER indicator stops flashing, and the printer
goes on-line.
You will want to press the (
ON LINE
) button:
Before and after any other panel operation
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The other panel buttons operate only in the off-line state. Press the
( ON LINE ) button to go off-line. After performing the panel
operation(s), press the C ON LINE ) button again to go back on-line.
To pause during printing
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If you press the ( ON LINE > button during printing, the printer stops
printing and goes off-line, allowing you to check the printout or change
a control panel setting. Printing resumes when you press the C ONLINE )
button again to go back on-line.
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To cut fanfold forms at the end of printing
When using fanfold forms, you can hold the ( ON LINE ) button down
for one second. In addition to going off-line, the printer also feeds the
paper forward approximately two inches. This allows you to cut it off just
below the last line printed.
When you press the C ON LINE ) button again to go back on-line, the
paper feeds backward stopping where you left off.
NOTEShis
function is valid only when the buffer is empty.
PAPER FEED button
If you press this button while off-line, the paper will feed forward. If you
hold the button down, the printer will perform consecutive line feeds.
22
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If you also press the C ON LINE ) button while you are line-feeding, the
paper will feed automatically to the top of the next page. This is explained
later.
If you press this button while on-line, this will alternately flash the QUIET
indicator on and off. When in Quiet mode with the QUIET indicator lit, the
printer will print slightly slower, but at a reduced noise level.
SET/EJECT/PARK button
NOTE: This button has no effect if the bottom feed mode is selected.
Pressing this button causes the printer to begin paper loading if the paper has
not loaded while in the off-line state.
If the paper has been loaded, this button results in different functions depending on the position of the release lever.
If the release lever is forward for fanfold forms, pressing this button parks
the forms.
If the release lever is back for single sheets, pressing this button ejects the
paper.
PITCH button
This button allows you to select the printing pitch. Remember that the printer
must be off-line for you to do this. Successive presses of this button will
illuminate (and select) the following options in order:
Pitch
Pica (10 CPI)
Elite (12 CPI)
Condensed pica (17 CPI)
Condensed elite (20 CPI)
Proportional
Indicator(s)
1OCPl
12CPI
lOCPI, COND
12CPI, COND
PROP
FONT button
This button selects the font to be printed. Draft font is selected at power-up
unless the default settings are changed. To change to HS Draft (High-Speed
Draft) or one of the NLQ (Near Letter Quality) fonts, set the printer off-line,
then press the (FONT) button repeatedly until the indicators beside the
desired selection illumiuate. The selections cycle in the following order:
Font
Indicator(s)
Draft
Sanserif
Courier
Orator
script
High-Speed Draft
DRAFT
DRAFT, COURIER
COURIER
KXJR;R,
SCRIPT
HS DRAFT
The Orator font is unique in two ways. First, it is larger (higher) than the other
fonts, which makes it a good choice for labels and other text requiring high
visibility. You will need a little extra line spacing when Orator is used.
Second, the Orator font prints small capitals in place of lower-case letters.
The other fonts do not have this option. Lower case will always print as lower
case.
24
-
POWER-UP FUNCTIONS
In addition to their normal functions, all the control panel buttons have
special functions that operate if you hold them down while switching power
on.
Figutv 2-2 Power-up functions of control panel
Short test mode
If the printer is turned on while the ( ONLINE > button is pressed, the
printer will enter the short self-test mode. The printer will print the version
number of the printer’s ROM, followed by seven lines of the character set.
Each line will be offset by one character from the one before it. The final
result will be something like Figure 2-3. (If the color ribbon is used, eachline
prints in a different color.)
Figure 2-3. Short self-test
Since the self-test occupies the full width of the carriage, it is recommended
that the printer is loaded with the widest paper possible to avoid damage to
the print head and/or platen.
25
Long test mode
If the printer is turned on while the (PAPERFEED) button is pressed, the
printer will enter the long self-test mode. The printer will print the version
number of the printer’s ROM and the current EDS settings, followed by the
whole character set printed in each font and pitch available.
The test cycles endlessly, so you must turn the power off to stop it.
* * * x
ON
* * * Ir
I: 1: * t
* * I 1:
OFF
----+
.-..--I.
A
:
--_
1
:
._-.-.
____-.
A
R
:
:
.’
‘3
: RRrl UEage
: rlx,to-LF
A
:
4
:
MC
--.-t...-l
s
:
s
:
H :
E :
-..--+
I
0
1
.+
Setting
..-.
: P,per-out
Detevtor:
: TPsr oft
: I h”5erve~3,
+
-.
.___^_.
.._
: 1t:tl
: “owirli~a4
:
Fnst,lrd
: rnaled
-~
: Disabled
Enabled
: Disabled
: Leave ON
+ ----------: 1Ocpi Draft
~+
._.... ..-
: F-nIL, I.4
: Dli-3t,led
: Enabled
:
t- -----------ON
ON
: 1. 2
: PI ,,,t
:
:
:
lib+,
HS or3ft
ON
OFF
:
:
:
I~CPI
w3tt
OFF
ON
: ,‘. 4.4:
rn”S,F
+.--..----
STWDGAD
Input
Buffer
Disabled
Disabled
..*
: m,1+,
-Im.“tmomlr
?
3
4
..--..
---_______..--.
:
:
:
:
ImllI3+l‘m
18” iod,
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:
:
:
:
:
Py?
IIT=Im
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#2.
Gr3phlr5~
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#l&I I
ON
ON
ON
:
WC1
on
ON
OFF
ON
ON
:
#E&F,
wt.,
ON
OFF
ON
:
Re!.erved
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
@FF r)FT
/
orf
I
pqrsruvwxyzt;,
!“#$%b’()*+,pqrsruvvxyz
,,~I
(,
/0123456789:;<=>[email protected][\
,
~“X~~~‘()=+,-./~~~~~~~~S~::<=~~~ASCOEFG~IJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ~\~~~~ABCDEFGHIJKLMNO
PoRsTuvwxvz~:)f”#.$‘“‘.
“~789::(=)[email protected]~P~~-
Igun, 24.
6
Long
self-test
‘abcdo4ghLILCww
Since the self-test occupies the full width of the carriage, it is recommended
that the printer is loaded with the widest paper possible to avoid damage to
the print head and/or platen. In addition, the total number of lines printed is
considerable, more than can be accomodated on a single sheet, so fanfold
paper is recommended for this test.
Print area test mode
By holding the,< SEpf&CT1 button down during power-up, the printer will
enter the print area test mode. This way, you can find out how many lines on
your paper are available for printing. The printer will print the first line
message, then print the last line message after feeding to the bottom of the
page*
If you have loaded the fanfold paper, only the first line message is printed.
Stay in Panel Pitch
By holding the GTCFi) button down during power-up, the print pitch can
only be selected from the control panel. This prevents software interference.
You will hear an acknowledging beep as power comes on.
After the beep tone, you can set the printer off-line, select a print pitch, then
return to on-line and start printing. The pitch you selected will not be reset
or otherwise changed by any commands your software may issue.
Stay in Panel Font
By holding the (FONT) button during power-up, fonts can only be selected
from the control panel. This prevents software interference. There will be an
acknowledging beep as power comes on, after which you can set the printer
off-line, select a font, then return to the on-line state and begin printing. The
selected font willnotbe changed by any commands your software may issue.
Stay in Panel Pitch and Font
If you want to protect both the pitch and font settings from software changes,
press both the (FiTCi4~and (FONtI buttons during power-up. There will be
two acknowledging beep tones.
Pressing these buttons during power-up does not prevent you from making
any number of changes later from the control panel.
‘
27
-
Hexadecimal dump
This feature is useful for programmets who are debugging printing programs and want to see the actual codes the printer is receiving. (Some
computers change the codes the programmer intended.)
In this mode, all data received will be printed in a hexadecimal dump format,
rather than the control codes being acted on as command codes.
This mode is accessed with the following procedure:
1. While holding both the(PAPER FEEDland ( sE~~ScT Ibuttons down,
turn power ON. A beep tone will be heard.
2. Begin printing. In place of the usual printout you will get a formatted
dump showing exactly what data the printer receives. Each line presents
sixteen characters, their hexadecimal codes to the left and printable characters printed on the right.
3. At the end of the hexadecimal dump, set the printer off-line with the
( ON LINE > button. This is necessary to print the last line.
The following BASIC program is a simple test you can run in hexadecimal
mode:
10
20
30
40
50
FOR I=0 TO 255
LPRINT CHR$(I);
NEXT I
LPRINT
ENP
If your system passes the codes directly to the printer without changing
them, you will get a printout like Figure 2-5.
Most BASICS, however, are not quite that straightforward. For exarrmle.
I the
IBM-PC will give you a printout similar to Fi-gure 2-6.
,:ir,<Cl!
t-1.:3-r 8’1*+
c-1”\fS1/T \‘18*-<ii
<Ifit-IF<
<Ii-CilJ<-,at.,F
I:,F!CCi !
17
Iii
j’:
1P lr
1D 1E IF
;a‘,
r‘,
2”
. . . . . . . ..“......
-:a
‘Y-7 ‘Xrri ::p
:r
l.D
YE
-;:F
..“.............
‘“#$%&‘()L+,-.,
r:,, >Sq.567E(Q
48
44
40
4B
4C
4D
4E
4F
WBCDEFGHI
5R
68
7s
59
h9
-?y
:?A
6k
70
58
hR
78
Xc:
hC
5D
6D
SE
6F
‘;F
hF
~QwY-uvwxYzI:
67
77
7C
7D
-IL!
7F
Tabcdefghl
pqr-iituvw:-:y~::
i3h
96
87
97
BR
98
89
YQ
SA
9A
eH
9H
RC
YC
flD
9D
8E
9E
SF
YF
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ah
Rb
Cb
67
87
c7
AR
Hi3
A9
B9
clA
HA
AR
HH
AC
PC
AD
HD
AE
SE
!AF
SF
.“,.............
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D6
D7
C9
D9
CA
DA
CH
DB
CC
DC
CD
DD
CE
DE
CF
DF
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D5
C8
DS
E5
F-5
Eb
F6
E7
F7
ES
FS
E9
F9
EFI
FFI
ER
FR
EC
FC
ED
FD
EE
FE
EF
FF
!r‘
17
14
15
:--:
L“?
-iSC-’ ;‘;,’
75
T7
i,&
71’1 II
T’ ._1_1
7-
;4
-r 1
_.
y’IL’
4,-’ 41
?.,,:I 5,
4:’
5:
4:,
53
44
54
45
55
4A
56
4-7
57
hll
70
51
71
62
72
h
75
54
74
65
75
66
76
RO
9,:)
81
91
nz
92
~3
93
e4
94
85
95
a0
Al
a,’
PO
co
Hl
Cl
H2
c2
A?
HZ
c1:
A4
S4
c4
as
B5
c5
DO
Di
D2
D9
D4
Ei:)
FO
c-j,,
El
Fl
I-IA
E2
F?
E;
F3
E4
F4
@re 2-6. Sample hexadecimal
-3
-7
y,:,
=p
,i‘
TD
YE
?F
: :
Jt
=
3
LMhlO
\ 1
_
ji: lmno
3”
. ..*........
::::....
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. .
dump with IBM-PC
When the IBM-PC BASIC interpreter sends hex code OD (carriage return)
it adds an extra hex OA (line feed). Hex code 1A (end-of-file) also gets
special treatment: the interpreter does not send it at all. This can cause
problems with graphics or download character data. However, you can solve
this problem by changing line 20 in the preceding program and adding the
coding shown below.
Coding for IBM-PC with monochrome display:
20 GOSUB 100
100 X=INP(&H3BD) :IF X(128 THEN 100
110 OUT &H3BC,I :OUT &H3BE,5 :OUT 6tH3BE.4
120 RETURN
Coding for IBM-PC with color adapter:
20 GOSUB 100
100 X=INP(&H379) -IF X(128 THEN 100
110 OUT bH378,I :&JT &H37A,5 :OUT &H37A,4
120 RETURN
29
SWITCH COMBINATION FUNCTIONS
Several additional functions can be achieved by pressing the control panel
buttons in combinations.
TOD of Form
Change color
Buffer
Form Feed
clear/All
reset
Figutu 2-7. Switch combination functions of mntrol panel
Form feed
If you are using single sheets, this operation ejects the current page. If you
are using fanfold forms, it feeds to the top of the next page.
1. Press the C ON LINE > button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the (PAPER FEED) button and hold it down. The printer will start
performing successive line feeds.
3. While holding the (PAPER FEED] button down, press the ( ON LINE )
button, then release both buttons at the same time. The printer will
smoothly eject the current page.
Top of form
When you power on the printer, the top-of-form position is automatically set
to the current position. If this is not where you want the top of the page to be,
you can change the top-of-form position as follows:
1. Press the ( ON LINE > button to set the printer off-line.
2. Move the paper to the desired top-of-form position by pressing the
(PAPER
FEED)
button, or by performing a forward or reverse micro-feed.
30
3. Press and hold the ( ON LINE > button.
4. While holding the ( ON LINE )button down, press the @RR) button,
then release both buttons at the same time. The printer will beep to
indicate that the top-of-form position has been set.
Forward micro-feed
For fine alignment, you can feed the paper forward in very small increments
as follows:
1. Press the ( ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the ( ON LINE ) button again. and hold it down.
3. While holding the ( ON LINE ) buttondowqpressthe
(PAPER FEED)
button. The paper will start advancing in a series of small steps. When
you want to stop, release both buttons.
Reverse micro-feed
You can also feed the paper in small increments in reverse, to return to a
higher position on the same page.
NOTE: With fanfold forms, do not try to return to a previous page. The perforation may catch inside the printer and cause a jam.
1. Press the ( ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the ( ONLINE ) button again and hold it down.
3. While holding the ( ON LINE ) button down, press the ( sEK5w’
button. The paper will start moving backwards in a series of small steps.
When you want to stop, release both buttons.
Changing the auto loading value
Normally, the printer automatically loads the paper one line from the top
edge.
If you want to change this value, follow this procedure:
1. Load the paper using the ( SEx~~CT) button.
2. Change the print position using the micro feed function.
The line on the card holder helps you to align the baseline of characters
to be printed.
3. After you get the desired position, press the ( ON LINE ) button to save
the value.
31
This value will remain unless you power off the printer. If you want to retain
this value even after you turn off the power, store it using the Macro
Definition function, which is described below.
Note that you can only change this value immediately after loading paper.
If you feed paper, you cannot change the auto loading value.
Clearing the buffer/All reset
The printer stores received data in a large memory buffer. This creates a
problem when you want to abandon a printing job and restart: the printer may
be holding more data in its buffer than it has actually printed, and this
unprinted data must be cleared out before restarting. Turning power off is
one way to clear the buffer, but there is another way:
1. Halt the printing program on the computer. If printing stops immediately, the buffer is clear and the rest of this procedure is unnecessary. If
printing does not stop, continue as follows:
2. Press the ( ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line. Printing will
now stop, but there may be data remaining in the buffer.
3. Press and hold the ( ON LINE )button.
4. While pressing the ( ON LINE ) button down, press and hold the
(FONT) button. Continue holding these two buttons down. In one second
you will hear a beep tone signaling that the buffer has been cleared.
If you hold these buttons more three seconds, you will hear three beep
tones signaling that the printer has been initialized to the power-on
default settings.
5. Release these buttons, make any necessary control panel settings, then
set the printer back on-line.
It is essential to halt the printing program on the computer before you go offline. Otherwise, when you go back on-line the computer will start sending
data again and the printer will continue printing, with missing data where the
buffer was cleared.
NOTE : If you are using the SPC-8K, Serial-Parallel Converter, reset the
converter by pressing the red Clear button on it before you reset the
printer.
Selecting the print color
Normally, this printer prints with black even if the color ribbon is installed.
Without the aid of software, you can change the printing color as follows:
1. Press the( ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the m
button and hold it down.
) button.
3. While holding the (FONT) button, press the ( SEJ,ff&“T
button, one of the indicators of
Each time you press the
FONT or PITCH will blink to show the current color as shown below.
4. Release both buttons after you set the desired printing color.
If you want to save the selected color for later use, store it using the
Macro Definition.
NOTE: This function is valid only when the color ribbon is installed into the
printer.
Store Macro Definition
You can store the current settings to the printer for later use with the
following procedure:
1. Press the(
ON LINE ) button to set the printer off-line.
2. Press the (FONT) button and hold it down.
3. While holding the (FONT) button down, press the (PITCH) button and
hold them down until you hear two beep tones.
4. Release both buttons at the same time after the two beep tones to store
the current setting.
If you release these buttons after three beep tones, the macro is cleared.
NOTE: You can store the following settings with this procedure.
Current Font and Pitch
Current auto-loading amount for cut sheet
Current auto-loading amount for continuous paper
Current auto-loading amount in ASF mode
Current print color
l
l
l
l
l
Data to be stored are controlled in Standard mode and IBM mode separately.
For example, the data stored in the Standard mode are not effective in the
IBM mode, and vice versa.
33
MEMO
Chapter 3
DEFAULT SETTINGS
Most printers use a bank of DIP (Dual In-line Package) switches inside the
printer to achieve various functions. However, this printer can change the
power-up default settings by using the Electronic DIP Switch (EDS) mode.
This chapter explains how to use the EDS mode.
HOW TO SET THE EDS MODE
The EDS mode has 16 kinds of functions you can set as the power-on default.
To enter the EDS mode, turn the printer on while simultaneously holding the
(
, (PAPER FEED) and ( ON LINE 1 buttons.
PAM
In EDS mode, the indicators and the buttons on the control panel are used
as shown below in Figure 3-l.
. Use the(RVV1button to select the Bank Number. One of the FONT indicators will illuminate to show the selected Bank Number.
. Use the (PITCH)button to select the Switch Number. One of the PITCH indicators will illuminate to show the selected Switch Number.
l
The QUIET indicator shows the current setting.
If you want to set it ON, press the (
l
l
Press
the (PAPER FEED)button
Press the(
mode.
ON LINE
SETpAE&CT
> button.
to print out the current settings.
1 button to save the new settings and to exit the EDS
igure 3-7. Button and indicator functions in the EDS mode
FUNCTIONS OF THE EDS SETTINGS
The printer is factory-set with all EDS switches in the ON position. These
are the standard settings. By changing the settings, you can alter various
printer functions to match your requirements. The following questions will
help you choose the proper settings.
Page Length
D-l
D-2
D-3
D-4
(See below)
Character Table
(Standard mode) Graphics
(IBM mode)
Set #2
IBM Code page or
International Character (See below)
Set
I
Italics
Set #l
I
Switch A-l: Do you want to use the printer in Standard mode or IBM
mode?
Select the mode compatible with your computer and software. In Standard
mode the printer operates like the Epson FX-850. In IBM mode it operates
like the IBM Proprinter III. The ON position selects Standard mode. The
OFF position selects IBM mode. For color printing use the Standard mode
and select the Epson EX-800.
36
Switch A-2: Does your software download characters to the printer’?
In order to download characters this switch must be in the OFF position. The
printer then uses its RAM memory for storing character patterns and
provides only a one-line print buffer. If you leave this switch ON, the printer
uses its RAM memory as an input buffer, allowing the computer to send data
faster than the printer prints.
Switch A-3: Do you want an automatic line feed?
If you leave this switch in the ON position, a separate line-feed code is
required from your computer to obtain a line feed.
If you move this switch to the OFF position, the printer performs both a
carriage return and line feed each time it receives a carriage-return code.
Most computer systems send a line feed code, or both a carriage return and
line feed, at the end of each line, so this switch should be left ON.
If you get double line spacing when you expect single spacing, or if lines
overprint each other, try changing the setting of this switch.
Switch A-4: Are you going to use the automatic sheet feeder (ASF)?
In order to use the automatic sheet feeder SF-lODN, move this switch to the
OFF position. Otherwise leave it ON.
Switch B-l: Are you going to print on multi-part paper?
You can use up to 3-ply paper when this switch is ON. If you want to print
on 4-ply paper, set this switch to the OFF position.
Switch B-2: Do you want the printer to stop printing at the end of the paper,
or to keep printing?
When this switch is OFF the printer ignores the paper-out detector and prints
down to (and beyond) the bottom edge. Otherwise leave it ON.
Switch B-3: Do you want to advance paper automatically at the end of
printing?
You can select the Tear Off function with this switch OFF.
When using fanfold paper, the Tear Off function allows you to tear off one
sheet of paper without fully advancing the following sheet.
Switch B-4: This switch is used for technical purpose only. Leave this
switch ON.
Switches C-l and C-2: Which print mode do you want to set?
These switches select the default print pitch and the fonts as shown below.
piEE&gg
NOTE:If you change these switches after you have stored the macro, these
settings will override the macro setting.
Switches C-3 and C-4: What is the page length of your paper?
-
Leave these switches ON if you will be using 1l-inch forms. You will need
to change the switches if you will be using a different page length as shown
below:
-
Switch D-l: The action of this switch depends on the mode chosen with
switch A- 1.
If you selected Standard mode, do you want italic or graphic
characters?
Move this switch OFF to print italics in the Standard character set. If you
leave this switch in the ON position, in place of italics you will get the
graphic characters, international characters, and mathematical symbols of
IBM character set #2. See Chapter 9, character codes 128 to 254.
If you selected IBM mode, do you want IBM character set #l or #2?
ON selects character set #2, which is for computers with an 8-bit interface
(the most common kind). OFF selects character set #l , for computers with
a 7-bit interface.
-
Switches D-2 to D-4: Do you want an international character set or IBM
code page?
International character sets differ in their assignment of 12 character codes
in the Standard Italic character set. See the character tables at the back of this
manual. With these switches you can select one of eight character sets as
follows:
Except in the Standard Italic character set, these switches select the default
character code page as shown below:
39
BIDIRECTIONAL TEST/ADJUSTMENT MODE
This mode is used to adjust the alignment of the print head on successive
bidirectional passes. After a period of some months, your printer may work
itself out of alignment on left and right printing passes. This will be most
evident in NLQ printing. This mode will probably be used very rarely.
1. Turn the printer off and then turn it on again while holding down the
( sE~r=&CT
) and ( ON LINE > buttons. The printer will then print
something like the following:
f#YPI<’ADJU~TMFNT
CURRENT
0
:
SETTING
__
LtL
//////////////////////////////////////////////////
--
-
2. The printer will feed the paper forwards and backwards during this
operation, allowing you to view the paper for optimum alignment.
3. To adjust the printing, use the ( stpf&c’ )and (PAPER FEED) buttons.
TheC SEpf&CT) button will move the second pass to the left. The
(PAPER FEED) button will move the second pass to the right.
4. When the two passes are aligned with each other to form one continuous
line, the bidirectional alignment test is completed.
5. To save the corrected value and to exit from this mode, press the (PITCH
button.
.:,,.,rp/_ 5FTTIW111:
t*+ ’
w
CURRENT
CURRENT
CURRENT
\*i
i'i!
0
-1
*y*
0
:
:
:
//////////////////////////////////////////////////
//////////////////////////////////////////////////
//////////////////////////////////////////////////
NOTE:If you want to print NLQ characters unidirectionally, press the
(PAPER FEED) button several times until the “UNI” message appears.
-
-
40
Chapter 4
PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
The printer has two emulation modes: Standard mode and IBM mode.
In standard mode, the printer emulates the functions of the Epson FX-850
or EX-800 for color print.
In IBM mode, the printer emulates the IBM Proprinter III. Additional
command codes are included as a superset of these emulations.
The emulation is changed by means of EDS switch A-l. When ON, the
printer will be in standard mode, and when OFF, the printer will be in IBM
mode (see Chapter 3). It is not possible to change the emulation mode by
means of software control.
This chapter describes the printer’s control commands. Some commands are
common to both the standard and IBM modes. In the descriptions of the commands, all commands will be categorized by function. The name of each
command is followed by a table like the one below:
Mode
std.
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“X” ” 1”
27 120 49
10
78 31
cEsc>
“X" cl>
27 120
1B
78 01
1
Mode:
Indicates the mode in which the command is mcognized.
Std. Standard mode (EDS switch A-l on)
IBM IBM mode (EDS switch A-l off)
Both Both standard and IBM modes
ASCII:
Indicates the ASCII coding of the command.
Control characters am enclosed in pointed brackets: For example, <l> means character code 1.
Decimal:
Gives the command in decimal character codes.
Hexadecimal:
Gives the command in hexadecimal character
codes.
Parameters for which values must be supplied are indicated by italic letters
such as n.
41
FONT CONTROL COMMANDS
Select draft quality characters
klode
Bo*
Std.
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
“(..
..(.*
&SC>
“F’
uxw
,.)..
‘,)w
"0'
Y'
Hexadecimal
40 40 70 41 41 57
28 28 46 29 29 39
27 120 48
18
78 30
<ESC> “X” co>
27 120
0
1B
78 00
&SC>
"I"
27 73 48
1B
49
30
<ESC>
“I” <O>
27 73
IB
49
00
"0"
0
Changes from near letter quality to draft quality. Ignored if the
(FONT) button was pressed during power-up.
-
Select draft elite characters
Mode
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
cESC>
“I”
<Esc>
“I” <l>
“1”
Hexadecimal
27 73 49
1B
49
31
27 73
1B
49
01
1
Changes to draft quality characters with elite pitch (12 cpi). Ignored
if the (FONT)or (PITCH)button was pressed during power-up.
Select NLQ characters
Ivlode
Std.
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
&SC>
.y.
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
27 120 49
1B
“X” cl>
27 120
1
1B
78 01
disc>
"I"
27
73 50
1B
49 32
<ES6
<ESC>
<ESC>
“I” &
“I” “3”
“I” O>
“1”
"2"
27 73
78 31
2
1B
49
02
27 73 51
16
49
33
27 73
1B
49
03
3
Changes from draft quality to near letter quality. The initial NLQ
font is Courier unless a different font has been selected by a pnxeding command. Ignored if the (FONf) button was pressed during
power-up.
42
1
.
Select NLQ font
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“k”
27 107
n
n
Hexadecimal
10 60
n
Selects an NLQ font according to the value of n. In draft mode, this
command remains dormant and takes effect later when NLQ is
selected. Ignored if the (FONT) button was pressed during powerup.
n Font
0 Courier (initial value)
1 Sanserif
4 script
7 Orator
Select Courier characters
Mode]
ASCII
Both 1 “(..
‘Y”
1 Decimal
*IF’
“),.
‘7”
Hexadecimal
“0” 1 40 40 70 41 41 48 1 28 28 46 29 29 30
Changes to the Courier NLQ font. Ignored if the (FoNt)button was
pressed during power-up.
Select Sanserif characters
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
,.(..
..(,B “F’
,,),,
,,),.
"1"
40 40 70 41 41 49
Hexadecimal
28 28 46 29 29 31
Changes to the Sanserif NLQ font. Ignored if the (FONT)button was
pressed during power-up.
Select Script characters
Mode
Bo*
Decimal
ASCII
‘.(..
..(,,
“F’
w).,
‘,)w -4"
40 40 m 41 41 52
Hexadecimal
28 28 46 29 29 34
Changes to the Script NLQ font. Ignored if the (J%NT) button was
pressed during power-on.
43
Select Orator characters
Mode
Both
ASCII
“(”
Decimal
,‘(.,
“F’
.,yl
.,)..
6.7”
40 40 m 41 41 55
Hexadecimal
28 2a 46 29 29 37
Changes to the Orator NLQ font. Ignored if the (FONT) button was
pressed during power-up.
Select italic characters
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cESC>
Decimal
27 52
“4”
Hexadecimal
10
34
-
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in italics.
Select NLQ italic characters
Mode
ASCII
IBM
cEsc>
Decimal
T
<VT>
27 73 11
Hexadecimal
10
49 00
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in italics with NLQ
characters. Ignored if the (FONt) button was pressed during power
UP-
Select upright characters
Mode
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
<Esc!> “5”
27 53
Hexadecimal
10
35
Stops italic printing and causes subsequent characters to be printed
upright.
Emphasized printing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<Esc>
Decimal
“E”
27 69
Hexadecimal
10
45
Causes subsequent draft characters to be emphasized by adding
extra thickness to vertical strokes.
44
-
Cancel emphasized printing
Decimal
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC> “F’
27
70
Hexadecimal
10
46
Cancels emphasized printing.
Double-s trike printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
27
<ESC> “G”
71
Hexadecimal
10
47
Causes subsequent characters to be printed in double-strike mode
with a slight vertical paper motion in between, causing a thickening
of horizontal strokes.
For bold print, use of double-strike is recommended in NLQ mode,
and combined use of emphasized and double-strike is recommended in draft mode.
Double-strike cannot be used with superscripts or subscripts.
Cancel double-strike printing
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Decimal
27
“H”
72
Hexadecimal
10
46
Cancels double-strike printing.
Start underlining
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
<ESC>
Decimal
“-”
“1”
‘G-” <I>
Hexadecimal
27 45 49
10 20
31
27 45
10 2D
01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be underlined. IBM block graphics
characters and spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are not
underlined.
45
Stop underlining
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC> “I
“0’
27 45 48
10 2D
30
<ES&
<()>
27 45
10 2D
00
“I
0
Stops underlining.
Start 0 verlining
Mode
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC> ” _ ” “1”
27 95 49
10 5F
31
<ESC> ‘I-”
27 95
10 5F
01
cl>
1
Causes subsequent characters to be overlined. Spaces skipped by
horizontal tabulation are not overlined.
Stop overlining
1Mode 1 ASCII
IBM
<Esc>
‘6_ 9. “0’
cESC> “ ~” CO>
1 Decimal
1
I27
95 48
1 10 5F
30
0
1 10 5F
00
12795
Hexadecimal
1
Stops overlining.
Superscript
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
cESC>
“S” “0’
27 83 40
10
53 30
<ESC>
“S” <O>
27 03
10
53
0
00
Causes subsequent characters to be printed as superscripts. Does not
change the character pitch.
Subscript
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
‘3”
cESC>
"s"
“1”
<l>
Hexadecimal
27 03 49
10
53 31
27 83
10
53 01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be printed as subscripts. Does not
change the character pitch.
46
-
Cancel superscript or subscript
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
10
27 84
‘T”
54
Stops printing superscripts or subscripts and returns to normal
printing.
CHARACTER SET COMMANDS
Select standard character set
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ES6
“t”
“0”
27 116 48
10
74 30
<ESC>
Y’
<o>
27 116
0
10
74 00
Selects the standard character set. This is the power-up default in
Standard mode if EDS switch D-l is OFF.
Select IBM character set
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
<ESC>
Decimal
“t”
“1”
“t” cl>
Hexadecimal
27 116 49
10
74 31
1
10
74 01
27 116
Selects an IBM character set. This is the power-up default in IBM
mode.
Select character set #7
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Decimal
“7”
27 55
Hexadecimal
10
37
Selects character set #l .
Select character set #2
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“6”
27 54
Hexadecimal
10
36
Selects character set #2.
47
-
Select international character set
Mode
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
<ES&
“R”
27 82
n
n
Hexadecimal
10
52
n
Selects an international character set in the Standard character set
according to the value of n.
n
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Character set
U.S.A
France
Germany
England
Denmark1
Sweden
Italy
Spain I
n Character set
8 Japan
9 Norway
10 Denmark II
11 Spain II
12 Latin America
13 Korea
14 Irish
64 Legal
-
The first eight of these character sets (from U.S.A. to Spain I) can
be selected as power-up defaults by EDS switches D-2 to D-4.
Select IBM code page
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
CO>
“[,’ ‘T” <4>
<o>
CO>
nl
n2
27 91 94 4
0
0
0 nl n2
Hexadecimal
105054
00 00
nl
0400
n2
Changes the code page of the current IBM character set according
to the values of nl and n.2.
nl
1
3
3
3
3
3
n2
181
82
92
93
95
97
Code page
#437 U.S.A.
#850 Multi-lingual
#860 Portuguese
#86 1 Icelandic
#863 Canadian French
#865 Nordic
These code pages can be selected as power-up defaults by EDS
switches D-2 to D-4.
Enable printing of a// character codes
Mode
ASCII
IBM
eESC>
Decimal
‘T’
nl
n2
27 92
nl
Hexadecimal
n2
10 5C
nl
n2
Enables printing of all characters in the IBM character set, including
those assigned to character codes which are normally considered
control codes. This command remains in effect for the next nl + n2
x 256 character, where nl and n2 are numbers between 0 and 255.
During this interval no control functions am executed. If a code with
no assigned character is received, the printer prints a space.
Enable printing of all character codes on next
character
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<Esc>
Decimal
“c)”
27 94
Hexadecimal
10 5E
This command operates like &SC> ‘Y” except that it remains in
effect for only one character.
Select slash zero
Mode
Std.
ASCII
&SC> 6‘I 39 “1”
<ESC> ‘4- ” <l>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
27 126 49
10 7E
31
27 126
10 7E
01
1
Causes subsequent zero characters to be overprinted with a slash
(0).
Select normal zero
Mode
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ES6
“ _ 1, “09,
27 126 48
10 7E
30
<Rx>
“ -" <o>
27 126
10 7E
00
0
Causes subsequent zero characters to be printed normally (0),
without a slash.
49
CHARACTER SIZE AND PITCH COMMANDS
Pica pitch
ASCII
<ESC>
“F”’
<Dc2>
1 Decimal
1 Hexadecimal
1 27 80
1 10
I ia
I 12
1
50
In Standard mode, changes from elite to pica pitch (10 cpi) or from
condensed elite to condensed pica (17 cpi). In IBM mode, changes
from either elite or condensed to pica (10 cpi). Ignored if the(FiTGi)
button was pressed during power-up.
Elite pitch
I
I
1Mode
ASCII
I std.
<ESC> “M”
1 27 77
1 10 4D
I
LEM
<ESC>
1 27 68
1 10 3A
I
2”
Decimal
Hexadecimal
1
Changes from pica to elite pitch (12 cpi) or from condensed pica to
condensed elite (20 cpi). Ignored if the (PITCH)button was pressed
during power-up.
Condensed printing
Mode
Both .
ASCII
Decimal
CSb
<ESC>
<Sb
Hexadecimal
15
OF
27 15
10 OF
Changes from pica to condensed pica (17 cpi) or from elite to
condensed elite (20 cpi). Ignored if the (PITCH)button was pressed
during power-up.
50
-
Cancel condensed printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
ia
cDC2>
Hexadecimal
12
In Standard mode, changes from condensed pica to normal pica or
from condensed elite to normal elite. In IBM mode, always changes
to normal pica. Ignored if the @liTi button was pressed during
power-up.
Expanded printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC> “w” “1”
27 87 49
10
57 31
<ESC> “w” cl>
27 87
10
57 01
1
Causes subsequent characters to be expanded to double width.
Cancel expanded printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC> “w” “0’
27 87 48
10
57 30
<ESC> “w” <0>
27 87
10
57 00
0
Stops expanded printing and returns to normal width.
Expanded printing for one line
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
14
<so>
cESC>
<SO>
27
Hexadecimal
OE
14
10 OE
Causes subsequent characters in the current line to be expanded to
double width. Characters return to normal width after the next line
feed (<LF>). The <DC4>, <VT>, d;F>, and <ESC> “w” 0 commands also cancel expanded printing.
51
Cancel one-line expanded printing
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<Jx4>
Hexadecimal
14
20
Stops one-line expanded printing set with <SO> or <ESC> <SO>.
Does not cancel <ES0 “W” 1.
Select proportional spacing
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
<ESC>
“‘p” “1”
“p” cl>
27 112 49
10
m
31
27 112
1
10
m
01
<ESC>
“I”’ cl>
27 60
1
10
50
01
IBM
Decimal
Hexadecimal
Causes subsequent characters to be proportionally spaced. Ignored
if the (PITCFI)button was pressed during power-up.
Select fixed spacing
IMode
Std.
IBM
ASCII
Decimal
&SC>
<ESC>
<ESC>
27 112 48
.,,,, “0’
“p” CO>
“I”’ <O>
Hexadecimal
10
m
30
27 112
0
10
70 00
27 80
0
10
50 00
Causes subsequent characters to be printed with fixed character
spacing. Ignored if the(FiiTii]button was pressed during power-up.
Select master print mode
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
“!”
n
27 33
n
Hexadecimal
10
21
-
n
Selects a combined print mode according to the value of n. The
value of n is the sum of the values given below for the desired characteristics.
-
52
Examples: n = 1 gives elite; n = 9 (1 + 8) gives emphasized elite; n
= 137 (1 + 8 + 128) gives underlined emphasized elite.
Function
Underline
Italic
Expanded
Double strike
Emphasized
Condensed [*]
Proportional [*]
Elite [*]
n value
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
[*] Ignored if the (PITCH)button was pressed during power-up.
increase character spacing
Mode
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
<ES&
cSP>
n
27 32
Hexadecimal
n
1B 20
n
Increases the space between characters by n/240 inches, where n is
a number from 0 to 127. Used in microjustification.
Select double or quadruple size
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
“h”
n
27104
Hexadecimal
n
1B 68
n
Selects the size of subsequent characters as shown below. Extrahigh characters align along the cap-line of normal characters, with
the base line temporarily moving down. Line spacing is temporarily
doubled when n = 1 and quadrupled when II = 2.
n
0
1
2
Effect
Normal size
Double-high, double-wide
Quadruple-high, quadruple-wide
Select character size
Mode
Both
ASCII
“(,, ‘.(..
Decimal
‘6s”
.,),,
.,)..
n
40 40 83 41 41 n
Hexadecimal
26 28 53 29 29 n
Selects a combination of character height and width according to the
value of n, as below. Does not move the base line.
n
0
1
2
3
Character width
Single width
Double width
Single width
Double width
Character height
Single height
Single height
Double height
Double height
-
Double-height characters are always printed at near letter quality.
Double height printing temporarily cancels the super/subscript and
condensed printing modes, but these modes resume when the
printer returns to normal height.
Print double-height characters
Mode
Std.
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC> “w” “1”
&SC>
“W” cl>
27 119 49
27 119 1
Hexadecimal
10
77 31
10
77 01
Prints subsequent characters at double height without moving the
base line, and without changing the line spacing. Temporarily
cancels super/subscript and condensed printing modes.
Return to normal height
Mode
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC> “w” “0”
27 119 49
10
77 30
cEsc>
27 119
10
77
“W"
co>
0
00
Terminates double-height printing and prints subsequent characters
at normal height. Resumes super/subscript and condensed printing
if these modes were in effect before double height was selected.
54
-
Select character height, width, and line spacing
Mode
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC> “[” “@I” ~47
CO7
CO7
n
<O>
91 64
27
m
Hexadecimal
0
0
4
0
10 50
WOO
nm
40
04 00
nm
Selects a combination of character height, width, and line spacing
according to the value of rr and m, as below. Does not move the base
line.
n
Line spacing
Character height
0
1
2
16
17
18
32
33
34
Unchanged
Unchanged
Unchanged
Single
Single
Single
Double
Double
Double
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Unchanged
Single height
Double height
Character width
m
1
2
-
Single width (same as <ESC> “W” 0)
Double width (same as cESC> “w” 1)
Double-height characters are always printed at near letter quality.
Double height printing temporarily cancels the super/subscript and
condensed printing modes, but these modes resume when the
printer returns to normal height.
VERTICAL POSITION COMMANDS
Set line spacing to I/8 inch
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
cEsc7
“0”
27
48
Hexadecimal
10
30
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to l/8 inch.
Set line spacing to 7/72 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
cBsc>
Decimal
“1”
27 49
Hexadecimal
1B
31
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to 7/72 inch.
Set line spacing to I/6 inch
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<Esc>
Decimal
27 50
“2”
Hexadecimal
1B
32
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to l/6 inch.
Set line spacing to n/216 inch
Mode
Both
ASCII
<Esc>
Decimal
"3"
n
27 St
n
Hexadecimal
18
33
n
Sets the distance the paper advances or reverses in subsequent line
feeds to n/216 inch, where n is between 0 and 255. If n = 0, in
Standard mode the line-feed distance is set to 0, but in IBM mode
this command is ignored.
Set line spacing to nD2 inch
Mode
ASCII
Both
cEsc>
Decimal
“A” n
27 65
n
1841
n
In Standard mode, sets the distance the paper advances or reverses
in subsequent line feeds to n/72 inch, where n is between 0 and 255.
If n = 0, the line spacing is set to 0.
In IBM mode this command does the same except that (1) the new
line spacing does not take effect until the next <ES0 “2”
command, and (2) if n = 0, the <ES0 “A” command is ignored.
56
-
Hexadecimal
-
-
Execute <ES&
Mode
IBM
‘A”
ASCII
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
1B
27 50
“2”
32
Sets the line spacing to the value defined by the last preceding
<ESC> “A” command. Sets the line spacing to l/6 inch if there is
no preceding <ES0 “A” command.
Line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<LF>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
OA
10
Prints the current line and feeds the paper to the next line. See the
preceding commands for the line spacing.
Reverse line feed
Mode
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Std.
cESC> <LF>
IBM
<ESC>
27
“1”
10
1B OA
27 93
1B 5D
Prints the current line and feeds the paper in the reverse direction to
the preceding line. See the preceding commands for the line
spacing. Ignored when friction feed is used.
Perform one n/216-inch line feed
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“J-’
n
27 74
n
1B 4A
n
Feeds the paper once by n/2 16 inches, where n is between 1 and 255.
Does not move the print position right or left in the standard mode.
Does not change the line-spacing setting.
57
Perform one n/216=inch reverse line feed
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“j”
27 106
n
1B 6A
n
n
Feeds the paper once by n/216 inches in the reverse direction, where
n is between 1 and 255. Does not move the print position right or left.
Does not change the line-spacing setting.
Feed paper n lines
hnode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
<ESC>
Decimal
“f’
“f
“1”
<l>
n
n
Hexadecimal
27 102 49
n
1B
66 31
n
27 102
n
1B
66 01
n
1
_
Feeds the paper n lines from the current line, where n is between 0
and 127.
Set top of page at current position
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
1B
27 52
“4”
34
Sets the current position as the top-of-page position. Note that this
can also be done from the control panel.
Set page length to n lines
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“c”
n
27 67
n
Hexadecimal
1B 43
n
Sets the page length to n lines in the current line spacing, where n
is between 1 and 127 in Standard mode or between 1 and 64 in IBM
mode. Changing the line spacing later does not alter the physical
page length. The current line becomes the top of the page.
58
-
Set page length to n inches
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ES&
Hexadecimal
Decimal
“C!” <O> n
27 67
0
n
lB4300
n
Sets the page length to n inches, where n is between 1 and 32 in
Standard mode or between 1 and 64 in IBM mode. The current line
becomes the top of the page.
Set bottom margin
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“IV
n
27
70
n
Hexadecimal
lB4E
n
Sets the bottom margin to n lines, where n is between 1 and 127 in
Standard mode or between 1 and 255 in IBM mode. The bottom
margin is reset when you change the page length.
Cancel bottom margin
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC> “0”
Decimal
27
79
Hexadecimal
1B 4F
Cancels the bottom margin.
Form feed
.
Mode 1 ASCII
Both 1
cFF>
Decimal
I 12
Hexadecimal
I oc
Feeds the paper to the top of the next page according to the current
page length, and moves the print position to the left margin. When
the automatic sheet feeder (ASF) is selected (EDS switch A-4 is
OFF), this command ejects the current page.
59
Return to top of current page
Mode
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
27 12
<ESC> <FF>
Hexadecimal
18 OC
Feeds the paper backward to the top of the current page. Ignored
when friction feed is used.
Disable paper-out detector
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Decimal
27 56
“8”
Hexadecimal
1B
.-
38
Causes the printer to disregard the signal sent by the paper-out
detector, enabling printing to the bottom of the paper. Overrides the
setting of EDS switch B-2.
Enable paper-out detector
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Decimal
27 57
“9”
Hexadecimal
1B
39
Causes the printer to stop printing before the end of the paper.
Overrides the setting of EDS switch B-2.
Set vertical tab stops
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
"B"
nl
n2
...
CO>
27 66 nl n2 ... 0
Hexadecimal
1B 42 nl d
... 00
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new vertical tab stops
at lines nl, n2, etc., where nl, n2, etc. are numbers between 1 and
255. A maximum of 16 vertical tab stops can be set. The tab stops
must be specified in ascending order; any violation of ascending
order terminates the tab stop list. Standard termination is by the <O>
control code. The vertical tab stops are set in terms of the current line
spacing and do not move if the line spacing is changed later.
60
Set vertical tab stops every n lines
Mode
Std.
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“e”
“1”
n
27 101 49
n
1B
65 31
n
cESC>
“e”
-cl>
n
27 101
n
IB
65 01
n
1
Cancels all current vertical tab stops and sets new tab stops every n
lines, where n is between 2 and 127.
Set vertical tab stops in channel
Mode
Std.
ASCII
<ESC>
Decimal
“b”
n0
n2
Hexadecimal
27 96 no nl
nl
.. .
<o>
n2
1B
.. . 0
62 no nl
n2 .. . 00
Cancels all current vertical tab stops in channel n0, (where nO is
between 0 and 7) and sets new vertical tab stops in this channel. (A
channel is a set of vertical tab stops selected by the <ES0 “/”
command.) See <ES0 “B” for parameters nl, n2, ... CO>.
Select vertical tab channel
c
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
“r’
no
27 47 n0
Hexadecimal
1B
2F &I
Selects a set of vertical tab stops designated by a channel number
(no) from 0 to 7. The tab stops in each channel are set by cESC> “b”.
i
Vertical tab
Mode
ASCII
Both
<VT>
Decimal
11
Hexadecimal
OB
Feeds the paper to the next vertical tab stop and moves the print
position to the left margin. Performs a line feed if no vertical tabs are
set, as at power-up. Feeds to the top of the next page if vertical tabs
are set but the current line is at or below the last vertical tab stop.
61
HORIZONTAL POSITION COMMANDS
Set left margin
[Mode 1
ASCII
1 std. 1
cESC>
1 Decimal
“1”
n
127108
)
n
Hexadecimal
lB6C
I
n
Sets the left margin at column n (where n is between 0 and 255) in
the current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional spacing is
selected). The left margin does not move if the character pitch is
changed later. The left margin must be at least two columns to the
left of the right margin and within the limits below:
-
OIn176
O<n191
05:n<130
Olnl
152
05n5:38
05n145
OIn164
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Expanded pica
Expanded elite
Expanded condensed pica
Expanded condensed elite
-
05n176
Set right margin
Mode
Std.
ASCII
<ES&
Decimal
“Q”
n
27 81
Hexadecimal
n
18 51
n
Sets the right margin at column n in the current character pitch (pica
pitch if proportional spacing is currently selected). Column n
becomes the last character position in the line. The right margin does
not move if the character pitch is changed later. The right margin
must be within the limits below:
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Expanded pica
Expanded elite
Expanded condensed pica
Expanded condensed elite
62
4InI80
55nS96
71n<
137
81nS
160
2In140
35n548
45nS68
4InI80
-
Set leff and right margins
t
i
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC>
Decimal
“X” nl
27 88
n2
Hexadecimal
nl
n2
1B 58 nl
n2
Sets the left margin at column nl and the right margin at column n2.
See the preceding commands for margin restrictions and other
notes.
Carriage return
..
Mode
ASCII
Both
<CR>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
13
OD
Prints the current line and returns the next print position to the left
margin. If EDS switch A-3 is OFF, also performs a line feed.
Set automatic line feed
IMode 1
ASCII
pBM(
cESC>
[
“5” <l>
Decimal
1 27 53
[
1
Hexadecimal
1B
1
35 01
Causes the printer to perform both a carriage return and line feed
each time it receives a <CR> code. This command takes priority
over EDS switch A-3.
Cancel automatic line feed
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ES&
Decimal
“5” <O>
27 53
Hexadecimal
0
1B
35 00
Causes the printer to perform only a carriage return when it receives
a <CR> code. This command takes priority over EDS switch A-3.
Backspace
Mode
Both
ASCII
CBS>
Decimal
8
Hexadecimal
08
Moves the print position one column to the left. Ignored if the print
position is at the left margin. This command can be used to
overstrike or combine characters.
63
Left justify
1 Decimal
IMode 1 ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
“a”
“0”
<ESC>
“a”
CO>
1
27 97 48
1 27 97
0
Hexadecimal
1B
IIB
61 30
61 00
Aligns subsequent text with the left margin, leaving the right margin
ragged.
Center text
Mode
Std.
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
“a”
<ESC>
“a” cl>
“1”
Hexadecimal
27 97 49
1B 61
27 97
1B 61 01
1
31
Centers subsequent text between the left and right margins.
Right justify
Mode
Std.
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“a”
“2”
27 97 50
1B
61 32
<ESC>
“a”
c2>
27 97
IB
61 02
2
Aligns subsequent text with the right margin, leaving the left margin
ragged.
Full justify
Mode
ASCII
<ESC>
Std.
<ES0
Decimal
Hexadecimal
‘IaW “ II
3
27 97 51
IB
61 33
“a”
27 97
lB
61 03
c3>
3
Aligns subsequent text between the left and right margins.
64
I
Set horizontal tab stops
Mode
ASCII
Both
cESC>
Decimal
“D”
nl
n2
.. .
Hexadecimal
CO> 27 68 nl n2 ... 0
1B 44 nl n2 ... 00
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops at
columns nl, n2, etc. in the current character pitch (pica pitch if proportional spacing is currently selected), where nl, ~2, etc. are
numbers between 1 and 255. The maximum number of horizontal
tab stops allowed is 32 in Standard mode and 64 in IBM mode. The
tab stops must be specified in ascending order, any violation of
ascending order terminates the tab stop list. Standard termination is
by the <O> control code. To clear all tab stops, specify <ES0 “D”
co>.
Set horizontal tab stops every n columns
Mode
std.
Decimal
ASCII
.
Hexadecimal
cESC>
“e”
“0”
n
27 101 48
n
1B
<ESC>
“err CO>
n
27 101
n
lB6500
0
65 30
n
n
Cancels all current horizontal tab stops and sets new tab stops every
n columns, where n is between 1 and 127.
Reset all tab stops
Mode
ASCII
IBM
<ESC> “R”
Decimal
27 82
Hexadecimal
1B
52
Resets the horizontal tab stops to their power-up values in which a
tab stop is set every 8 column starting at column 9. Also clears all
vertical tab stops.
Horizontal tab
Mode
ASCII
Both
<I-IT>
Decimal
9
Hexadecimal
09
Moves the print position to the next horizontal tab stop. Ignored if
there is no next horizontal tab stop in the current line. Note that when
underlining is selected, spaces skipped by horizontal tabulation are
not underlined.
65
Relative horizontal tab
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cESC>
Decimal
‘T’
nl
n2
27 92 nl
Hexadecimal
n.2
IB 5C nl
n2
Moves the print position right or left a specified distance (maximum
8 inches). Ignored if the resulting position is beyond the right or left
margin. The formulas for the distance and direction are as follows:
If n2 is between 0 and 63, the print head moves right by (nl + n2 x
256)/120 inches.
If you want to move the print head to the left, nl and n2 are obtained
by subtracting the value from 65536, and dividing the result into
high and low bytes.
-
Absolute horizontal tab in inches
Mode 1
ASCII
Std. 1 <ESC>
Decimal
‘3”
nl
n2
~-.
Hexadecimal
27 36 nl d
1B
24 nl
-.
n2
Sets the next print position to (nl + n2 x 256)/60 inches from the left
margin on the current line. Ignored if this position is beyond the
right margin. The maximum position is 8 inches.
Absolute horizontal tab in columns
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
<ESC>
Decimal
“f’
“f’
“0”
<0>
n
n
27 102 48
27 102 0
Hexadecimal
n
n
lB6630
lB6600
n
n
-.
Moves the next print position to column n from the left margin,
where n is between 0 and 127.
-
66
Print normal-density 8-bit graphics
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“K”
nl
n2
m2
ml
...
27 75 nl n2
ml m2 ...
Hexadecimal
1B 48 nl
ml
n2
m2
...
prints bit-image graphics at 60 dots per inch horizontally. The
graphic image is 8 dots high and nl + n2 x 256 dots wide. Maximum
width is 8 inches (480 dots). ml, m2, ... are the dot data, each a lbyte value from 0 to 255 representing 8 vertical dots, with the most
significant bit at the top and the least significant bit at the bottom.
The number of data bytes must be nl + n2 x 256. Dots beyond the
right margin are ignored. At the end of bit-image printing the printer
returns automatically to character mode.
Print double-density 8-bit graphics
Mode
Both
ASCII
cESC>
Decimal
“L”
nl
n2
ml
d
...
27 76 nl n2
ml m2 . . .
Hexadecimal
1B 4C nl
ml
n2
m2 . . .
Prints bit-image graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 960 dots wide). See cESC> “K” for other information.
Print double-density, double-speed 8-bit graphics
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
‘3”
nl
n2
ml
m2
...
27 89 nl n2
ml m2 . . .
Hexadecimal
1B
59 nl
ml
n2
m2 . . .
tints bit-image graphics at 120 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 960 dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal
direction. See cESC> “K” for other information.
67
Print quadruple-density 8-bit graphics
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
cESC>
‘7”
nl
n2
ml
m2
...
Hexadecimal
27 90 nl n2
ml m2 . . .
1B 5A nl
ml
n2
m2 . . .
Prints bit-image graphics at 240 dots per inch horizontally (maximum 1920 dots wide), skipping every second dot in the horizontal
direction. See <ES0 “K” for other information.
Select graphics mode
Mode
Std.
ASCII
Hexadecimal
Decimal
cESC>
“*”
n0
n2
nl
ml
m2
...
27 42 n0 nl
n2 ml m2 . . .
1B 2A n0 nl
n2 ml
m2
...
Selects one of eight graphics modes depending on the value of n0
and prints bit-image graphics in this mode. See <ESC> “K” for
information on nl, n2, ml, m2, . ..
n0 Graphics mode
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Normal-density
Double-density
Double-density, double-speed
Quadruple-density
CRT graphics, mode I
Plotter graphics
CRT graphics, mode II
Double-density plotter graphics
(60 dots per inch)
(120 dots per inch)
(120 dots per inch)
(240 dots per inch)
(80 dots per inch)
(72 dots per inch)
(90 dots per inch)
(144 dots per inch)
Convert graphics density
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cESC>
Decimal
“?,,
n
m
27 63
n
Hexadecimal
m
1B 3F
n
-
m
-
Converts graphics defined by subsequent cESC> “K”, cESC> “L”,
<ES0 “Y” or <ES0 “Z” commands to a density mode defined by
<ES0 “*“. n is “K”, “L”, “Y” or “z”, indicating the mode to be
converted. m is a code from <O>to c7> indicating one of the modes
of <ES0 “*“.
._
68
-
Print O-pin graphics
Mode
Std.
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC> “*”
n0
n2
nl
ml
m2
Hexadecimal
27 94 n0 nl
...
n2 ml
m2
1B 5E n0
...
n2 ml
nl
m2
...
Selects one of eight graphics modes depending on the value of n0
and prints g-pin bit-image graphics in this mode. The graphics
image is 9 dots high and nl + n2 x 256 dots wide. Maximum width
is 8 inches. Dots beyond the right margin are ignores. ml, m2, ... are
byte pairs representing 9 vertical dots each. In the leftmost position,
the most significant bit of ml is the top dot; the least significant bit
of ml is the second dot from the bottom; the most significant bit of
m2 is the bottom dot; and the other bits of m2 are ignored. Other byte
pairs are similar. The number of data bytes must be 2 x (nl + n2 x
256). At the end of bit-image printing the printer returns automatically to character mode.
n0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Graphics mode
Normal-density
Double-density
Double-density, double-speed
Quadruple-density
CRT graphics, mode I
Plotter graphics
CRT graphics, mode II
Double-density plotter graphics
(60 dots per inch)
(120 dots per inch)
(120 dots per inch)
(240 dots per inch)
(80 dots per inch)
(72 dots per inch)
(90 dots per inch)
(144 dots per inch)
69
DOWNLOAD CHARACTER COMMANDS
Define draft download characters
Decimal
ASCII
cESC> “&” CO> nl
m0
ml
n2
m3
27 38
m2
...
ml1
Hexadecimal
0 nl
n2mOmlm2
m3 . . . ml1
IB
26 00 nl
n2mOmlm.2
m3 . . . ml1
Defines one or more new draft characters and stores them in RAM
for later use. EDS switch A-2 must be OFF; otherwise RAM is used
as an input buffer, not for downloading characters, and this command is ignored. Draft mode must be selected before this command
is executed.
nZ is the character code of the first character defined and n2 is the
character code of the last character defined. nZ must be equal to or
less than n2. Use of character codes 32 (space) and 127 (delete code)
should be avoided if possible.
Each character is defined by an attribute byte (m0) and 11 data bytes
(ml, m2, ... .. mll).
The most significant bit of the attribute byte is 1 if the character is
an ascender (positioned entirely above the baseline) or 0 if it is a
descender (descending below the baseline). The attribute byte also
indicates the amount of white space to the left of the character (0 to
7 dots, specified by bits 4 to 6), and the width of the character cell,
including this space (4 to 15 dots, specified by bits 0 to 3). The left
space and cell width attributes are used only in proportional spacing.
Each data byte indicates eight vertical dots, with the MSB being the
top dot and the LSB the bottom dot. These correspond to pins 1 to
8 or 2 to 9 of the print head, depending on whether the character is
an ascender or descender.
For further details, please refer to the Chapter 5.
70
-
Define NLQ download characters
Mode
Std.
ASCII
Decimal
cESC> “&I’ CO> nl
n2
a0
al
ml m2 . . .
Hexadecimal
27 38
a2
m69
0 nl
n2 a0 al a2
ml m2 ...m49
18
26 00 nl
d? a0 al a2
ml m2 ...m49
Defines one or more new NLQ characters and stores them in RAM
for later use. EDS switch A-2 must be OFF. NLQ mode must be selected before this command is executed. The parameters are different from the draft character command. a0 specifies the left space, al
specifies the character width, and a2 specifies the right space.
The dot density is doubled in each direction, so each character
consists of 18 dots vertically and 23 dots horizontally and requires
69 data bytes. Since the vertical definition of the character is 18 dots,
each byte represents a third of vertical definition.
For details, please refer to Chapter 5.
Define draft download characters
Mode
ASCII
IBM
Hexadecimal
Decimal
<ESC>
“=”
a0
n2
nl
al
a2
<Dc4>
ml
m2 . . . ml1
27 61 nl
a0
n2
20
al a2 ml
m2 . . . ml1
1B 3D nl
a0
al
n2 14
a2 ml
m2 . . . ml1
Defines one or more new draft characters and stores them in RAM
for later use. Draft mode must be selected before this command is
executed. nZ and n2 give the number of bytes of character data that
will follow. a0 is the character code of the first character defined. al
and a2 are attributes bytes. ml to ml 1 are the character data, and are
the same as in <ESC> “W. The attribute byte al indicates whether
the character is an ascender (not using the lowest of the nine vertical
dots) or a descender (not using the highest dot) and whether it has
a downward extension to 12 dots.
The attribute byte a2 gives proportional-spacing information. Bit 7
is ignored. Bits 4 to 6 specify the offset to the first byte printed (0
to 7), enabling leading spaces in the character to be ignored. Bits 0
to 3 specify the width of the character cell (maximum 11 dots). The
character will be followed by a mandatory blank dot column which
is not included in this width.
Characters defined by this command can be selected by &SC> “I”
4 or <ESC> “I” 5. This command is ignored when EDS switch
A-2 is ON.
71
Define NLQ download characters
ASCII
I
<ESC>
“=”
a0
nl
al
a2
?i2 cNAK>
ml
m2 . . . m46
Decimal
1
27 61 nl
a0
n2
21
al a2 ml
m2 . . . m46
Hexadecimal
18 3D nl
a0
al
I
n2 15
a2 ml
m2 ...m46
Defines one or more new NLQ characters and stores them in RAM
for later use. EDS switch A-2 must be OFF. NLQ mode must be
selected before this command is executed. The parameters are the
same as for the draft character command except that the dot density
is doubled in each direction, so each character consists of 16 dots
vertically and 23 dots horizontally and requires 46 data bytes.
ASCII
Std.
cESC>
Decimal
“:”
CO>
n
<o>
2756
Hexadecimal
0
n
0
lB3A
00
n
CXI
Copies the selected character set with n, as shown below, to the
corresponding download character RAM area, overwriting any
download data already present. Ignored when EDS switch A-2 is
ON.
n Character set
0 Courier
1 Sanserif
n Character set
4 script
7 Orator
Select download character set
Mode
Std.
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<Esc>
“W’
“1”
<ESC>
“%‘* cl>
27 37 49
1B
25 31
27 37
1B
25
1
01
Selects the download character set. Ignored when EDS switch A-2
is ON.
Shift download character area
Mode
Std.
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“t”
“2”
27 116 50
1B
74 32
<ESC>
“t”
<2>
27 116
1B
74 02
2
Shifts the download character area defined between 0 to 127 to the
area between 128 to 255.
72
-
.-
Copy character set from ROM into RAM
Mode
-
Select draft download character set
Mode
ASCII
IBM
Decimal
Hexadecimal
cEsc>
“I”
“ 4”
27
73 52
1B
49 34
cESC>
"I" <4>
27
73
1B
49 04
4
Selects the download character set and draft quality. Ignored if the
(FONT) button was pressed during power-up or if EDS switch A-2
is ON.
Select draft elite download character set
Mode
IBM
ASCII
.
Decimal
<Esc>
T
“5”
cEsc>
"I" d>
Hexadecimal
27
73 53
1B
49 35
27
73
1B
49 05
5
Selects the download character set, draft quality, and elite pitch (12
cpi). Ignored if the (FONt) button was pressed during power-up or
if EDS switch A-2 is ON.
Select NLQ download character set
Mode
IBM
Decimal
ASCII
Hexadecimal
<ESC>
“I”
“7”
27 73 55
tB
49 37
<ESC>
“I”
<7>
27 73
1B
49 07
7
Selects the NLQ download character set. Ignored if the (FONt)
button was pressed during power-up or if EDS switch A-2 is ON.
Select NLQ italic download character set
Mode
ASCII
IBM
cEsc>
Decimal
“I-’ CSb
27
73 15
Hexadecimal
1B
49 OF
Selects the NLQ download character set and prints them with italic
style. Ignored if the (FONT) button was pressed during power-up or
if EDS switch A-2 is ON.
Select ROM character set
Mode
Std.
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC> “%” “0”
<ESC> ‘%” <0>
27 37 48
1B
25 30
27 37
1B
25 00
0
Stops using the download character set and n9um.s to the built-in
ROM character set. Ignored when EDS switch A-2 is ON.
COLOR SELECTION COMMANDS
select print color
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
‘I”
27 114
n
n
1B
72
n
Selects the printing color according to the value of II as shown
below. Ignored if the color ribbon is not installed.
n
0
1
2
3
Color
Black
Magenta
cyan
Violet
n
4
5
6
Color
Yellow
Orange
Green
Select black
Mode
‘Bo*
Decimal
ASCII
..(,,
“(I~
UC”
“)”
.‘)v
“0"
40 40 67 41 41 48
Hexadecimal
28 28 43 29 29 30
Changes the print color to Black. Ignored if the color ribbon is not
installed.
Select magenta
Mode
Both
ASCII
“(”
“(”
Decimal
“C”
“)”
“)”
“1”
40 40 67 41 41 49
Hexadecimal
28 28 43 29 29 31
Changes the print color to Magenta. Ignored if the color ribbon is not
installed.
74
--
Select cyan
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
"("
“(,'
"C"
")"
").'
"2"
40 40 67 41 41 50
Hexadecimal
28 28 43 29 29 32
Changes the print color to Cyan. Ignored if the color ribbon is not
installed.
Select violet
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
“(,,
“(,.
“C”
“)”
“)”
"3"
40 40 67 41 41 51
Hexadecimal
28 28 43 29 29 33
Changes the print color to Violet. Ignored if the color ribbon is not
installed.
Sekt
Mode
Both
yellow
Decimal
ASCII
“(9.
“(9.
“C”
‘6)”
“)”
"4"
40 40 67 41 41 52
Hexadecimal
28 28 43 29 29 34
Changes the print color to Yellow. Ignored if the color riblxm is not
installed.
Select orange
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
"("
"("
"C"
")"
")"
"5"
40 40 67 41 41 53
Hexadecimal
28 28 43 29 29 35
.
Changes the print color to Orange. Ignored if the color ribbon is not
installed.
..
I
..
Select green
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
“(3.
“(9.
“C”
a‘)”
“)”
"6"
40 40 67 41 41 54
Hexadecimal
28 28 43 29 29 36
Changes the print color to Green. Ignored if the color ribbon is not
installed.
L.
L,
75
OTHER PRINTER CONTROL COMMANDS
Set MSB to I
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
“>”
Hexadecimal
27 62
1B 3E
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent byte received to 1,
allowing users with a 7-bit interface to access characters with ASCII
codes greater than 127.
Set MSB to 0
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
“=”
Hexadecimal
27 61
1B 3D
Sets the most significant bit of each subsequent byte received to 0.
Accept MSB as is
Mode
ASCII
Std.
cESC>
Decimal
“P’
Hexadecimal
27 35
1B
23
Cancels the preceding commands and accepts the most significant
bit as it is sent to the printer.
Delete last character sent
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<DEL>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
127
7F
Deletes the last character received. Ignored if the last character
received has already been printed, or if the last character received
was all or part of a command.
Cancel last line
Mode 1
ASCII
1Both 1 <CAN>
1 Decimal
1
1 24
1 18
Hexadecimal
Deletes the last line currently present in the print buffer.
76
1
_.
Quiet print
Mode
Std.
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC>
2”
27 115 49
1B
73 31
<ESC>
‘Y’ cl>
27 115
1B
73 01
“1”
Hexadecimal
1
Selects the quiet print mode, in which the printer prints each line in
two passes to reduce the sound of printing. You can also set the quiet
mode with the control panel button.
Cancel quiet print
Mode
Std.
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
cESC>
“so
“0”
cESC>
“S” co>
27 115 48
1B
73 30
27 115
1B
73 00
0
Cancels the quiet print mode, and resumes normal printing.
You can also cancel the quiet mode with the control panel button.
Set printer off-line
Mode
<Dc3>
IBM
<ESC>
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
Std.
13
19
“Q”
<3>
27 81
3
1B
51 a3
Sets the printer off-line. The printer disregards all subsequent
characters and commands except <DCl>, which returns it to the online state. The printer’s ON LINE indicator does not go off.
Set printer on-line
Mode
Both
ASCII
<Da>
Decimal
17
Hexadecimal
11
Returns the printer to the on-line state, allowing it to receive and
process all subsequent characters and commands. This command is
ignored if the printer was set off-line by pressing the (RETUNE)
button on the control panel.
Bell
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
7
&EL>
07
Sounds a brief beep tone from the printer’s beeper.
Bidirectional printing
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
“u”
“0”
Decimal
<ESC>
"U"
<O>
Hexadecimal
27 85 48
27 85 0
1B
1B
55 30
55 00
1
Causes subsequent printing to be done in the normal bidirectional
mode, which is faster than unidirectional printing.
-
Unidirectional printing
Mode
Both
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC>
“U”
<ESC>
“U” <l>
“1”
Hexadecimal
27 85 49
1B
55 31
27 85
1B
55 01
1
Causes subsequent printing to be done unidirectionally, ensuring
maximum vertical alignment precision.
One-line unidirectional printing
r
Mode
ASCII
Std.
<ESC>
Decimal
Hexadecimal
27 60
‘I<”
1B 3C
Immediately returns the print head to the left margin, then prints the
remainder of the line from left to right. Normal bidirectional
printing resumes on the next line.
Manual feed
Mode
~30th
Hexadecimal
Decimal
ASCII
<ESC> <EM> <O>
a(,,
a.(..
uo”
27 25
..>w a.),,
40
40
0
48
41 41
1B
19 00
28
28
30
29 29
Selects manual sheet feeding even when the optional automatic
sheet feeder is mounted. Ignored if EDS switch A-4 is ON (ASF
inactive).
78
-
Auto feed
Mode
Both
ASCII
Decimal
<ESC> <EM>
,.(,,
,a(,,
27
<4>
"4"
")"
“)W
40
Hexadecimal
25
4
40
52
41 41
1B
19 04
28
28
34
29 29
Selects the automatic sheet feeder. Ignored if EDS switch A-4 is ON
(ASF inactive).
Eject paper from ASF
Decimal
Wode
ASCII
BO~JI
<ESC> <EM>
,,(w
,a(,,
Hexadecimal
27 25 82
“R”
“y,
"R"
“),.
40
40
82
41 41
1B
19 52
28
28
52
29 29
Ejects the current page. Ignored if EDS switch A-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
Set print start position on ASF
Mode
cESC>
Both
Decimal
ASCII
,,(..
..(,,
<EM>
‘T"
‘T”
..)W
n
,,)W
n
Hexadecimal
27 25 84 n
1B 19 54 n
40 40 84 41 41 II
28 28 54 29 29 n
Skips rJ6 inches at the top of the page, where n is between 1 and 15.
Ignored if EDS switch A-4 is ON (ASF inactive).
Reset printer
Mode
ASCII
Both
<ESC>
Decimal
“@”
27 64
Hexadecimal
1B
40
Reinitializes the printer. Clears the print buffer and returns settings
to their power-up values. Does not clear the input buffer or change
ASF selections.
MEMO
-.
-
chapter 5
DOWNLOAD
CHARACTERS
With this printer you can create new characters and symbols, download their
dot data, and have them printed in place of selected characters in the regular character set. Characters that can be generated in this way range from
simple but useful symbols like the check mark through complex Chinese or
Japanese characters.
Regular characters are permanently stored in the printer’s ROM, but
characters you design are downloaded and stored in RAM for use.
DESIGNING YOUR OWN DRAFT CHARACTERS
Designing and printing your own characters has two requirements: first,
designing the shape of the character, calculating the data necessary to make
the shape, and sending that data to the printer, and secondly, sending the
command to print the downloaded characters instead of the regular characters. There are a number of design constraints for download draft quality
characters:
l
l
The matrix or grid on which you design the characters is six boxes wide
by nine boxes high.
Horizontally, dots may be centered in a box, or may straddle a line, making
the actual character grid 11 dots wide by 9 dots high. Vertically, dots can
only be centered in a box. See Figure 5-l.
FIgurn 5-1. Clots can be inside boxes or straddle the vertical lines of the grid
81
l
The minimum width of a character is five dots.
l
The user-defined characters may use eight dots vertically.
l
l
Dots cannot overlap - that is, you may not have a dot inside a box next
to one that is on a line.
You may define any position in the ASCII table.
Photocopy the grid in Figure 5-2 to help design yournew characters. We will
use a tiny representation of a car-shaped symbol for our example.
ml
m3 n15 m7 mY ml1
m2 m4 m6 mRm10
128
64
32
16
8
ASCII Code:
Descender:
Left space:
Last column:
mO = Descender x 128
+ (Left x 16)
+ Last
4
Figum 5-Z. Use this grid (or one similar to it) to define your own draft characters
Defining the attribute data
Before you start the definition, you will need to decide exactly where in the
regularASCI1 set you want to place your characters. After downloading, you
access your new character by sending the code for the character you
replaced.
Next you must choose whether to make the car symbol an ascender or a
descender. This determines how the character is seated on the line:
As c e n d e r : f:‘-::;;
1:::
Descender
: i:‘:;:;.>Fi:5:
We decided that our car symbol will not be a “descender”, so a figure “1” is
written next to Descender on the grid. If your character is a descender, write
a “0” next to Descender.
Next, you must specify the left space and the last print column of the
character.
Being able to specify the width of the character allows you to specify the
precise area inside the grid that the character will occupy, so that narrow
characters will look attractive next to wide ones.
Acceptable values for the left space are 0 to 7, and the last print column are
from4 to 11.
Our character will occupy from column 1 to column 11, so the left space is
0 and the character width data is 11.
Assigning the character data
Now, we calculate the vertical numerical values of the columns of dots, and
enter them underneath the grid. For example, looking at Figure 5-3, we see
that in theleft-most column there are five dots, and they are sitting in the “64”
box, “32”box, “16”box, “8”box, and “4”box. Thus its vertical value is 124.
In the next column, there is no dot straddling the vertical line; its value is
recorded as 0.
ml 1713m5 m7 m9 m/I
m2 m4 m6 mNm10
ASCII
Code:
Descender: I
Left space: 0
Last column: ?I
mU = Descender x I28
+ (Left x 16)
+ Last
1.7466 64 76 76 0
0
4 36 2
7.2
I
Figure 5-3. Add the values of the dots in each column and write the sum of each column at the bottom
You will see the letters ml, m2,m3,etc., are above your values. When you
define the character, you will substitute your value for each of these letters.
83
Sample program
To demonstrate how to use the download characters, let’s use the “car”
character and some other user-defined characters to print a small graph. This
program will do just that with the Standard mode:
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
2110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
84
LPRINT CHR$(27);"xO";
LPRINT CHR$(27);"&";CHR$(OJ;
LPRINT CHR$(60);CHR$(62);
FOR N=60 TO 62
FOR M=O TO 11
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
NEXT N
LPRINT
DATA 139, 2, 5, 8,241. 0
DATA
0,241, 8, 5, 2, 0
DATA 139,124, 0, 66,
4, 64
DATA 36, 16. 2. 16, 12, 0
DATA 139, 46, 16, 2, 60, 0
DATA 48, 0, 48,
0, 48, 0
LPRINT CHR$(27);"D";CHR$(ll);CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"h";CHR$(l);
LPRINT (
U.S. EXPORTS"
LPRINT CHR$(27);"h";CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"%";CHR$fl);
LPRINT "AUTOS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4 TO 9.3 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(61);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT "CHEMICALS";CHR$(S);
FOR I=.4 TO 8.7 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(GO);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT "GUNS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4 TO 1.4 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(62);
NEXT I
LPRINT
1360
1370
1380
1390
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1480
1490
1500
LPRINT CHR$(9);"+--";
SCALE$="--+--'I
FOR I=2 TO 8 STEP 2
LPRINT SCALE$;
NEXT I
LPRINT 'I--+"
LPRINT CHR$(9);"
";
FOR I=2 TO 8 STEP 2
LPRINT u ";I;
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(27);"%";CHR$(O)
LPRINT CHR$(27);"S";CHR$(O)
LPRINT CHR$(9);"MILLIONS OF 'DOLLARS"
LPRINT CHR$(27);"T"
END
85
-
DEFINING YOUR OWN NLQ CHARACTERS
As you probably noticed, NLQ characters are printed by two passes of the
print head. Half of the character is printed on the first pass, and the remainder on the second pass. The paper is rolled up half a dot height in between
passes to let the print head print dots on the second pass that overlap the
previous dots, in order to fill in the spaces and produce denser characters.
Additionally, the print head speed is halved, and the dots are printed at
double the density of draft characters. For this reason, NLQ characters can
contain up to 23 dots in the horizontal direction.
Fundamentally, the process to define and print downloaded NLQ character
is the same as for draft characters, except that you must assign the character data according to the emulation mode, you are using.
Assigning the character data with the Standard
mode
There are differences in the way the attribute information is processed.
In the draft quality mode the attribute byte carries the descender data, and
specifies the left space and the character width. In the NLQ mode, tber are
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
1
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
128
64
Data:
ASCII Code
Left space:
Character width:
Right space:
I
I
I
I
I,
I I II
/
III
I,
Ill
I
I,
II
I
1
I III
I
I
I
I
III/
I
Figure 5-4. Use this grid (or one similar to it) to define your own NLQ characters with the Standard mode
86
-
three attribute bytes, the first byte describes the character’s left space, the
second byte describes the character width. And the third byte describes the
right space. Appropriate allocation of data in these three bytes lets you place
the character where you like within the grid.
Use the grid in Figure 5-4 to help plot the data. The vertical definition of the
character is 18 dots. Each byte therefore represents a third of the vertical
definition. That’s where the numbers down the left side of the grid come in.
Notice that there is a number for each row of dots and that each number is
twice the number below it. By making these numbers of two we can take any
combination of dots in a vertical column and assign them a unique value.
If we plot our car-shaped symbol for NLQ, the grid data will look like Figure
5-5.
The defining process is the same as for draft characters, except that you must
select NLQ mode, and you must define 69 data. If you wish to print your
NLQ characters with the regular character set, the remarks regarding the simultaneous use of regular and download characters in the draft character
section apply equally to NLQ characters.
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
ASCII Code
Left space:
Character width:
Right space:
128
64
32
16
8
4
2
128
/ / ’
64 I’ll1
Data:
I
”
8
6
248
32
76
124
0
0
32
0
124
2
0
0
”
“1
I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I
724
2
0
0
63
0
248
0
0
0
32
0
0
0
0
0
16
0
0
PO
0
0
4
8
0
120
0
0
1
2
730
724
0
0
0
Figure 5-5. Add the values of the dots into three bytes
0
f30
124
0
0
0
0
728
?24
0
0
0
0
0
120
0
0
0
0
61
0
23
0
-
The following program demonstrates how to use the NLQ download
characters with the Standard mode:
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
88
LPRINT CHR$(27);"xl"
LPRINT CHR$(27);"&";CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(60);CHR$(62);
FOR N=60 TO 62
LPRINT CHR$(O);CHR$(23);CHR$(O);
FOR M=l TO 69
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
NEXT N
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$(27);"D";CHR$(ll);CHR$tO);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"h";CHR$(l);
LPRINT u
U.S. EXPORTS"
LPRINT CHR$(27);"h";CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"%";CHR$(l);
LPRINT "AUTOS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4 TO 9.3 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(61);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT "CHEMICALS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4 TO 8.7 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT "GUNS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4 TO 1.4 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(62);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$/9);"+--'I:
SCALE$="--+--'I
FOR I=2 TO 8 STEP 2
LPRINT SCALE$;
NEXT I
LPRINT "--+"
LPRINT CHR$(9);"
";
FOR I=2 TO 8 STEP 2
LPRINT u ";I;
-
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1500
1510
1520
1530
1540
1550
1560
1570
1580
1590
1600
1610
1620
1630
1640
1650
1660
1670
1680
1690
1700
1710
1720
1730
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(27);"%";CHR$(O)
LPRINT CHR$(27);"S";CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(9); "MILLIONS OF DOLLARS"
LPRINT CHR$(27);"T"
END
DATA
0, 0, 0, 0, 0. 0. 0, 6. 0
DATA
0, 9, 0, 0. 16.128. 0. 32. 0
DATA
0, 64,128, 63,128. 0, 0. 0,128
DATA
0. 0, 0. 0, 0,128, 0, 0. 0
DATA
0, 0,128, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,128
DATA 63,128, 0, 0, 64,128, 0, 32, 0
DATA
0, 16,128, 0. 9. 0. 0. 6, 0
DATA
0. 0. 0, 0. 0, 0
DATA
1,248, 0, 6, 0. 0. 8,124, 0
DATA 16. 2, 0, 32,124. 0. 0, 2. 0
DATA 32,124, 0, 0. 0. 0, 63,248, 0
DATA
0, 0. 0, 32, 0, 0, 0,120, 0
DATA 16, 0. 0. 8,120. 0. 4, 0,
0
DATA
2,124, 0, 1,130, 0. 0,124, 0
DATA
0,130, 0. 0,124, 0. 0,128, 0
DATA
0,120, 0, 0. 0, 0
DATA
0, 0, 0. 2,208, 0. 5, 40, 0
DATA 10,215,128, 5, 40. 0. 10,215,128
DATA
5, 40, 0, 0, 87,128, 4,128, 0
DATA
0,
4, 0, 4,144, 0, 0,100, 0
DATA
4,128, 0, 0, 8, 0, 4,144, 0
DATA
0, 96, 0, 4,128, 0, 0, 0. 0
DATA
4,128, 0, 8, 0. 0. 4,128, 0
DATA
0, 0, 0. 7,128, 0
U.S. EXPORTS
89
Assigning the character data with the IBM mode
Fundamentally, the process to define and print downloaded NLQ character
with the IBM mode is the same as for draft characters, except that you must
supply about four times as much character data, and you must design the
character with the two passes of the print head in mind.
Use the grid in Figure 5-6 to help plot the data with the IBM mode. Due to
the two-pass process, NLQ characters can contain up to 16 dots vertically.
...m45
...m4h
First
Second
pass
128
128
64
64
32
32
16
ASCII Code
Descender
Lefi space:
Width:
ul = Descender x 128
a? = (Left x 16) + Width
16
8
4
2
1
Dot data
1st:
2nd:
Figure 5-6. Use this grid (or one similar to it) to define your own NLQ characters with the IBM mode
To make the character data easier to calculate, put the first pass dots with
black circle on the grid when you are designing your characters, and the
second pass dots with white circle. Remember that adjacent dots may not
overlap on the same pass; in other words, if one dot is in a box, its adjacent
dot on the same pass may not be on a line. Therefore, to make smooth
characters, put the dots needed to overlap any spaces in a character in the
appropriate places in the second pass grid.
If we plot our car-shaped symbol for NLQ, the grid data will look like Figure
5-7.
The defining process is the same as for draft characters, except that you must
select NLQ mode, and you must define 46 data. If you wish to print your
-
First
“ASS
tul...
,I,)_
...m45
m*h
Second
pass
128
,28
64
64
32
101 I I I I I lOI I I I I lOI I I I I I ! I
l-1
Ifi
I
I
I
I
I
l-1
I
I
I
I
I
l-1
I
I
I
I
I
32
I
61
ASCII Code
7
Descender
0
Left space:
23
Width:
01 = Descender x 128
a2 = (Left x 16)
., + Width
..-
16
8
4
2
1
Dot data
1st:
74
38
2nd:
70
I
16
14
28
32
70
I
14
64
726
0
74
0
724
0
0
0
70
0
64
0
0
0
3d
f.?
9
22
32
72’
9
16
74
8
6
6
0
74
0
6
0
74
0
72
&urn 67. Add the values of the dots in the boxes first, and then add the value on the lines
NLQ characters with the regular character set, the remarks’regarding the
simultaneous use of regular and download characters in the draft character
section apply equally to NLQ characters.
The following program demonstrates how to use the NLQ download
characters with the IBM mode:
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
1170
c
LPRINT CHR$(27);"I";CHR$(7);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"=";CHR$(l46);CHR$(O);CHR$(21);
LPRINT CHR$(60);
FOR N=60 TO 62
LPRINT CHR$(128):CHR$(23);
FOR M=l TO 46
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
NEXT N
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$(27);"D";CHR$(ll);CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"[@";CHR$(4);CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(O);CHR$(O);CHR$(34);CHR$(2);
LPRINT U.S. EXPORTS"
LPRINT CHR$(27);"[email protected]";CHR$(4);CHR$(O);
LPRINT CHR$(O);CHR$(O);CHR$(l71;CHR$(l);
LPRINT CHR$(27);"I":CHR$(7);
1180
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1500
1510
1520
1530
1540
1550
1560
1570
1580
1590
1600
1610
1620
1630
1640
92
LPRINT "AUTOS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4 TO 9.3 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(61);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT "CHEMICALS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4 TO 8.7 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(60);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT "GUNS";CHR$(9);
FOR I=.4 TO 1.4 STEP .4
LPRINT CHR$(62);
NEXT I
LPRINT
LPRINT CHR$(9) ;"+--";
SCALE$="--+--I'
FOR I=2 TO 8 STEP 2
LPRINT SCALE$;
NEXT I
LPRINT "--+"
LPRINT CHR$(9);"
'I;
FOR I=2 TO 8 STEP 2
LPRINT " ";I;
NEXT I
LPRINT CHR$(27);"I";CHR$(2)
LPRINT CHR$(27);"S";CHR$(O)i
LPRINT CHR$(9);"MILLIONS OF DOLLARS"
LPRINT CHR$(27):"T"
END
DATA
0. 0, 0. 0, 2, 4, 4. 2. 1. 8
DATA
8, 0, 1. 16,240,224,
1. 0. 0, 0
DATA
1, 0, 0, 0. 1, 0, 0. 0. 1, 0
DATA 240,224,
1. 16. 8. 0. 1, 8. 4, 2
DATA
2. 4. 0, 0. 0. 0
DATA
14, 28, 16, 32. 38. 14. 1. 64. 70, 14
DATA
1, 0, 70. 14, 0. 0.126.124,
0. 0
DATA
0. 0, 70, 12, 0, 64. 38, 12. 0, 32
DATA 22, 14, 9. 16. 6, 14, 9. 0. 6, 14
DATA
8. 0, 6. 12. 0. 0
DATA
0, 0, 24. 32, 7, 16. 56. 14. 1, 48
DATA 56, 14. 7, 48, 8. 14. 2. 32. 8, 0
DATA
6. 32, 8. 0. 2, 40, 8. 0. 4. 36
DATA
8. 0, 0, 40. 8. 0. 0, 32, 32, 0
DATA
8, 32, 0, 0, 24, 48
-
U .(r
3 . EXPORTS
[email protected]
CHEMI CALS UUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU
GUNS
t----+----t----+----+----+
2
4
6
a
c::,
I= r:)
,-I
s:
L.,
I,.
xCl
N$13
r,
L,,
L..
6.\
Fi'
E;
93
MEMO
-
-
-
chapter 6
MS-DOS AND YOUR PRINTER
When using your printer with an IBM PC, PC-XT, or PC-AT or compatible,
you will probably be using PC-DOS or MS-DOS as an operating system. A
number of software tricks may be useful here. This chapter is not, however,
a substitute for the operating system manuals supplied with your computer.
To learn how to print fdes, etc. it is best to mad the relevant parts of these
manuals.
INSTALLING APPLICATION SOFTWARE WITH
YOUR PRINTER
When installing application software, you may find that your printer is not
specifically mentioned in the lists of printers given for installation. However, this should pose no problem. Read this section, and guidelines
provided with your software on printer installation.
If you have your printer set up in standard mode, then choose an Epson FX850 or EX-800 Color as your printer to be selected.
If neither of these are mentioned, choose one of the following (in order of
preference): Star NX-1000 Color/LC-10 Color, Star ND-10/U, Epson LXsso/Lx-8 10.
c
If you have your printer set up with the EDS switches to emulate an IBM
Proprinter III, simply choose this from the list of printers available in the
application software list.
If the IBM Proprinter III is not mentioned, select Proprinter II or Proprinter.
If your software package does not mention printers by name, but asks instead
what features your printer is capable of, the most common questions are:
“Can your printer perform a backspace?” and “Can it do a hardware form
feed?“. You should answer “Yes” to both these questions.
Other software packages may well allow you to install specific features.
Spreadsheet programs will often ask for the maximum number of columns
to be printed. This is given below.
Pica
Elite
Condensed pica
Condensed elite
Proportional
CPI
10
12
17. 1
20
Number of columns
80
96
137
160
Variable
Sometimes the software installation will ask you for an initialization
sequence to return to the default settings. The command for your printer is
<ES0 @.
Make sum that the EDS switches are set for the conect printer emulation, and
that you have selected the appropriate character set using the EDS switches.
If you am in doubt about the conligration of your application software, seek
expert advice. Your software supplier will probably be your most qualified
reference.
EMBEDDING PRINTER COMMANDS
Many word-processors and other software lack commands for changing
font, printing double-size characters, or printing in color. Your printer therefore has commands that can be embedded in documents to control these
functions without software help. The commands consist of a capital letter
enclosed in double parentheses, followed by a digit:
Font:
Size:
WY)0
((F))l
((W
((F))7
((F))9
Courier
Sanserif
script
Orator
Draft
W)O
KS)) 1
Standard size
Double width
Double height
Double width and height
WP
W)3
Color:
((C))0
((C>>1
w3P
((C))3
((C))4
96
Black
Magenta
Cyan
Violet
Yellow
-
((05
Kc))6
Orange
Green
If you want to print a title in double-size Orator, then change to regular-size
fonts for other text, you can use these commands as follows:
File as seen on computer screen:
((F))7 ((SII.3
Printer commands
((F))O ((S))O
Font commands ((F))lcan be ((FII4embedded
((F))7anywhere ((F))9in a document.
Printout:
PRINTER
COMMANDS
When you use these commands there are several points to note:
l
l
l
The font ((F)) command is ignored if the (FON’T)button was held down
when power was switched on.
A line consisting of commands alone prints as a blank line.
The software will not know that these are commands, so you cannot trust
your software to give you the correct line width. The printed line may be
considerably shorter than the line on the screen; the extra space being the
space that was occupied by the commands.
One way to handle the last problem is to prepare your document without the
commands, then insert them as a final step, with the margins released. The
find, replace, and copy functions of word-processing software can be helpful
here.
If you do not use these commands or the panel controls, the printer will print
standard-size, draft characters.
The printer supports various commands in addition to the above, such as
quadruple-size printing. Most of these other commands consist of the escape
code followed by one or more letters or numbers.
If your software enables you to place the escape code in your files, or if you
are able to define this as a user option during installation, you can also embed
these escape sequences.
PROGRAMMING THE PRINTER WITH DOS
COMMANDS
If your system includes the file PRINTCOM you can use the main DOS
printing command. Simply type the word PRINT followed by the name of
the file you want to print. To print a file named README.DOC, for
example, type:
_
A>PRINT README.DOC
The computer may respond with the following message, asking which
printer to use:
Name of list device CPRNI:
If your computer is connected to only one printer, press RETURN to select
the default choice (PRN). Printing will begin and the A> prompt will
reappear. You can execute other commands or programs while the file is
being printed.
A single PRINT command can print two or more files. List the file names
consecutively on the same line, or use wild-card characters (* and ?). Each
file will be printed starting on a new page. The PRINT command also has
control options. For example, you can terminate a printing job in progress
with the /I’ option. (The printer may not stop printing immediately as there
may be considerable data stored ahead in its buffer.) For the /T option, type:
A>PRINT/T
See your DOS manual for further information about the PRINT command.
If your system does not include PRINT.COM, you can print files by using
the PRN device name in COPY or TYPE commands such as the following:
A>COPY README.DOC PRN
A>TYPE README.DOC >PRN
98
.~
-
COPY and TYPE do not permit you to execute other commands while the
file is printing.
If you want a particular font, or print pitch, you can make these settings from
the control panel before you start printing. See Chapter 2.
If you print from the DOS command level very often, it will be advantageous
to create a printer setup file. Then instead of setting font etc. manually each
time, you can complete the setup with a single command from your
computer. For example, you can create a file containing printer commands
to select near letter quality, and select elite pitch with the Standard mode.
You can find the commands in Chapter 4. We suggest the following:
l
l
Near letter quality
Elite pitch
<ESC>
<ESC>
“x”
“,”
.
“1”
<l>
&SC> “!” <l> is a powerful command that, in addition to selecting elite
pitch, cancels unwanted features such as underlining which might be left
from previous commands. The angle brackets around the <l> indicate character code 1, which is a control code, not the printable digit “1”.
You may want to place additional commands in this file, such as left and
right margins, line spacing and bottom margin commands. Or you may want
to create a variety of setup files with a different set of commands in each.
To avoid excess line feeds, you should place the commands on one line in
the setup file. You may or may not be able to generate a setup file with wordprocessing software; it depends on whether your software lets you enter
control codes. If your system includes the file EDLIN.COM, however, you
can easily create a setup file with the DOS line editor.
An appropriate name for this setup file would be NLQELITE.DAT. To use
the DOS line editor, type the command EDLIN NLQELITE.DAT, then type
the underlined parts of the following display. Press RETURN at the end of
each line. Don’t type the symbol “A”.This symbol means to hold the CTPL
key down while pressing the next key: for example, “Vmeans to type GIRLV. *C means to type CTRL-C, which indicates the end of the input.
ASEDLIN NLQELITE.DAT
New file
"1.
1:*'-V[Xl"V[!'VA
2:*-c
*E
99
“V indicates that the following character is a control code. “V[ enters the
<ESC> code. <ES0 has character code 27, and “[,‘ is the 27th character
from A in the ASCII sequence. Similarly, “VA enters the control code cl>.
See your DOS manual if you need further information about EDLlN.
You can now set up the printer by sending it the file NLQELITFDAT. To
avoid unnecessary logging of commands, switch hard-copy output off (by
pressing CTRL-PRTSC if hard copy is on). To print the file README.DOC
in NLQ elite type, give the following two commands:
A>COPY NLQELITE.DAT
A>PRINT README.DOC
PRN
For greater convenience you can make a batch file that will set up the printer
and print any specified file with a single command. To create such a batch
tile with the name NLQPRlNT.BAT, type in the first four lines shown next.
*Z means to press the GIRL and Z keys simultaneously. To use this file to
print README.DOC, type the fifth line.
A>COPY CON NLQPRINT.BAT
COPY NLQELITE.DAT
PRN
PRINT %1
*Z
A>NLQPRINT README.DOC
The first above line is a copy command from the CONsole screen to a file
named NLQPRlNT.BAT. The next two lines are the contents of this file. The
% 1 is a dummy parameter: whatever file name you type after NLQPRlNT
will be substituted for %l and printed.
100
PROGRAMMING
WITH BASIC
As an example of programming the printer on Microsoft BASIC, we have
listed the program for the IBM-PC. This program runs in the printer’s
Standard mode, and the downloadable condition (EDS switch A-l ON and
A-2 OFF).
1000
1010
1020
1030
1040
1050
1060
1070
1080
1090
1100
1110
1120
1130
1140
1150
1160
' Set control codes
'Escape code
E$=CHR$(27)
'Draft quality
D$=E$+"xO"
‘Near
letter quality
N$=E$+"xl"
'Select font
P$=E$+"k"
'Select Courier
C$=P$+CHR$fb)+N$
'Horizontal tab
H$=CHR$(9)
'Pica pitch
P$=E$+"P"
I Start printing
WIDTH "LPT1:",255
LPRINT E$;"D":CHR$(3);CHR$(27);C~$(O)
'Set HT
LPRINT C$;"Pont setting:"
LPRINT H$;D$;"Draft characters, ";N$:
LPRINT H$;F$;CHR$(O);"Courier characters,"
LPRINT H$;F$;CHR$(l);"Sanserif characters.";
LPRINT H$;F$;CHR$(4);"Script characters."
LPRINT H$;F$;CHR$(7);"Orator characters."
1170
’
1160
1190
1200
1210
1220
1230
1240
1250
1260
1270
1280
1290
1300
1310
1320
1330
1340
1350
1360
1370
1380
1390
LPRINT
LPRINT C$;"Print pitches are:"
LPRINT H$;P$;"Pica pitch (10 CPI).";
LPRINT H$;E$;"M";"Elite pitch (12 CPI)."
LPRINT H$;P$;
'Select condensed pitch
LPRINT CHRS(15);
LPRINT "Condensed pica pitch (17 CPI).";
LPRINT H$;E$;"M";"Condensed elite pitch (20 CPI),":
'Cancel condensed print
LPRINT CHR$(lS)
LPRINT H$;E$;"pl": 'Select proportional spacing
LPRINT P$;"Proportional spacing,";
'Cancel proportional spacing
LPRINT E$;"pO"
LPRINT
LPRINT H$;E$;"Wl";"Expanded, ":E$;"WO";
LPRINT H$;E$;"wl";"Double-height. ";E$."wO"
LPRINT H$;E$;"h";CHR$(l);"Double-sized:"
LPRINT H$;E$;"h";CHR$(2);"Quad-sized.";
LPRINT E$;"h";CHR$(O)
LPRINT :LPRINT
LPRINT E$;"Q";CHR$(47) 'Set right margin
LPRINT C$;"Various line and character spacings:"
'Center text
LPRINT E$."al"
FOR I=1 Tb 7
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I); 'Set line spacing
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I); 'Increase character space
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS ARE CHANGED"
NEXT I
FOR I=7 TO 1 STEP -1
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(I);
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(I):
LPRINT "THE SPACINGS ARE CHANGED"
1400
1410
1420
1430
1440
1450
1460
1470
1480
101
1490
1500
1510
1520
1530
1540
1550
1560
1570
1580
1590
1600
1610
1620
1630
1640
1650
1660
1670
1680
1690
1700
1710
1720
1730
1740
1750
1760
1770
1780
1790
1800
1810
1820
1830
1840
1850
1860
1870
1880
1890
1900
1910
1920
1930
1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
2020
2030
2040
2050
2060
102
NEXT I
'Left justify
LPRINT E$;"aO"
LPRINT E$;"3";CHR$(36); 'Set l/6" Line spacing
LPRINT E$;" ";CHR$(O); 'Normal character space
'Set right margin
LPRINT E$;"Q";CHR$(BO)
LPRINT
'
LPRINT C$;"Other features:"
LPRINT H$;E$;"4";"Italics";E$;"5";", I':
LPRINT E$;"E";"Emphasized";E$;"F";", I';
LPRINT E$;"G";"Double-strike";E$;"H";", "
LPRINT H$;E$;"-l";"Underlining";E$;"-0";". 'I;
LPRINT E$;"SO";"SUPER";E$;"T";" and 'I;
LPRINT E$;"S1";"SUBSCRIPT";E$;"T";", "
LPRINT
LPRINT H$;C$;"Download characters: ";
GOSUB 2040
LPRINT D$;E$;"%l";
'Select draft download character
FOR I=1 TO 5
LPRINT CHR$(60);
'Print download character
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT E$;"%O";
GOSUB 2130
'Select NLQ download character
LPRINT C$:E$;"%l";
FOR I=1 TO 5
LPRINT CHR$(60);
'Print download character
NEXT I
'Select normal character
LPRINT E$;"%O"
LPRINT
'
LPRINT H$;C$;"Various dot graphic densities:"
DIM LOG0$(4)
RESTORE 2350
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
FOR COL=l TO 65
READ DG
LOGO$(ROW)=LOGO$(ROW)+CHR$(DG)
NEXT COL
NEXT ROW
LPRINT E$;"A";CHR$(8);
'Set 0/72" Line spacing
FOR ROW=1 TO 4
LPRINT 0
":
FOR B=O TO 6
IF B=2 THEN 1970
IF B=5 THEN 1970
LPRINT E$;"*";CHR$(B);
'Select dot graphics mode
LPRINT CHR$(65):CHR$(O);LOGO$(ROW);
LPRINT ti ";
NEXT B
LPRINT
NEXT ROW
LPRINT E$:"@"
'Initialize printer
END
'
' SUBROUTINES
' Define draft download character
LPRINT D$;E$;"&";CHR$(0);CHR$(60~;CHR$(60);
RESTORE 2240
-
-
2070
2080
2090
2100
2110
2120
2130
2140
2150
2160
2170
2180
2190
2200
2210
2220
2230
2240
2250
2260
2270
2280
2290
2300
2310
2320
2330
2340
2350
2360
2370
2380
2390
2400
2410
2420
2430
2440
2450
2460
2470
2480
2490
2500
2510
2520
2530
2540
2550
2560
2570
2580
2590
2600
2610
2620
2630
FOR M=O TO 11
READ MM
LPRINT CHRSMM);
NEXT M
RETURN
I
' Define NLQ download character
LPRINT c$;E$;"&";CHR$~O~:CHR$~~~):CHR$~~~):
LPRINT CHR$(O):CHR$(23):CHR$(O):
RESTORE 2270
FOR M=l TO 69
READ MM
LPRINT CHR$(MM);
NEXT M
RETURN
'
' DATA
' Draft download character data
DATA 139.124. 0. 66. 4. 64, 36, 16. 2. 16. 12. 0
'
I NLQ download character data
DATA
1,248. 0. 6. 0. 0. 8,124, 0. 16. 2. 0
DATA 32.124. 0. 0. 2. 0, 32,124, 0. 0. 0. 0
DATA 63.248. 0. 0. 0. 0. 32. 0. 0. 0,120, 0
DATA 16. 0. 0. 8,120, 0. 4, 0. 0. 2,124, 0
DATA
1,130, 0, 0,124, 0. 0,130, 0, 0,124, 0
DATA
0,128, 0, 0,120, 0, 0. 0. 0
'
' Dot graphics data
' ROW 1
DATA
0, 0. 0. 0. 1. 3. 7. 7. 7, 15, 14. 14
DATA 14. 14. 14. 7. 7. 3. 3, 15, 15, 15. 0, 0
DATA
0. 0, 6. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 6
DATA
6, 0, 0, 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7
DATA
7, 7, 0, 0. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7. 7
DATA
7. 7. 0. 0. 0
' ROW 2
DATA
0. 0. 60,255,255,255.255,255.143. 15. 7. 7
DATA
7. 7. 3. 3. 3.131.193.241.240.240. 0, 0
DATA
0. 0. 0. 0.224.255.255.255.255.255. 31. 0
DATA
0. 0. 1. 3. 31,255,255,255.255.255.255. 1
DATA
0. 0. 0. 1. 7, 31.255.252.240.192.128. 0
DATA
0. 0. 0. 0. 0
' ROW 3
DATA
0, 31, 31. 3,129,128,192,192,192,192,192,224
DATA 224,224,224,240,255,255,255,255,255,127,
0. 0
DATA
0. 0. 0. 0. 0,192,255,255,255.255.255, 15
DATA 15, 63.252.240.192, 0,240,255,255.255.255,255
DATA
7. 15.127.252.240.192. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0
DATA
0. 0. 0. 0. 0
' ROW 4
DATA
0,248,248,240,224,224,112,112> 56. 56. 56. 56
DATA 56,120,120,240,240.224,224.192,128~ 0. 0. 0
DATA
0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0,128,248,248,248.248,240
DATA 192. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0,240,248,248.248.248.240
DATA 192, 0. 0. 0. 0, 0. 0. 0. 0, 0. 0. 0
DATA
0. 0, 0, 0. 0
103
How the program works
This program begins by assigning a number of printer commands to BASIC
string variables (lines 1000 to 1070). You can find most of these commands
near the beginning of chapter 4.
The WIDTH “LPTl:” 255 statement in line 1090 means infinite line width.
It prevents the IBM-PC from inserting unwanted carriage returns and line
feeds in graphics data.
Actual printing begins in line 1100. Using the preassigned commands, the
program prints samples of its different fonts, followed by samples of the
print pitches, then some double and quadruple-sized printing.
Next comes the central attraction of the program: a line of text printed
fourteen times in expanding and contracting loops to give a barrel effect. The
work is done by four printer commands: a command setting the right margin
(line 1370); a centering command (line 1390); a command to vary the line
spacing (lines 1410 and 1460); and a command to micro-adjust the space
between characters (lines 1420 and 1470).
Next the program returns to normal spacing and gives a demonstration of the
printer’s word-processing abilities: italic printing, bold printing, underlining, subscripts, etc.
The row of automobiles in the next printed line is created by downloading
two new character patterns, which are printed in place of the character “<“
(character 60). Details can be found in Chapter 5.
The final part of the program uses dot graphics to print some “SW” logos
with various densities. The dot pattern of the logo was originally laid out on
graph paper, then converted to the data in lines 2370 to 2630 with the help
of a calculator. Each number represents eight vertical dots. (See “Graphics
commands” in Chapter 4 for details.)
The pattern is printed in four rows, each eight dots high and 65 dots wide.
Lines 1800 to 1870 read the dot data into a string array variable named
LOGO$. Line 1880 sets the line spacing to 8/72 inch so that the rows will
connect vertically. The loop in lines 1890 to 1990 does the printing in four
passes of the print head.
104
Font
setting:
1.1
,..I,. ...a
‘; “.!_ I::.
: :.:>.
;’ ...i:.::.
-t<<:s
i’.’.:j;.
:,
Sanset-if
characters,
OHATCIR
CHARACTERS,
Courier
ScJl4lpk
Print
pitches
are:
Pica
pitch
(10 CPI),
Condensed
pjca pitch (17 CPI),
Proportional
spacing,
Expanded
Double-sized,
characters,
c.ka-GzckeJLa )
Elite pitch
(12 CPI),
Condensed
elite pitch(20CPI),
Double-height,
I
Quad-sized.
Various
Other
Ital
line
and
character
spacings:
features:
its.
Under1
Download
Various
Emphasized,
ininy,
sUPER
characters:
dot
graphic
Double-strike.
and
SUBSCRIPT,
I:;>3
!I.‘!:,
!:>>
3 i:>,
g&[email protected]&
densities:
MEMO
-
-
-
106
chapter 7
TROUBLESHOOTING
AND MAINTENANCE
The following section on troubleshooting and maintenance is intended only
as a brief guide. Remember that your printer is a highly sophisticated
electronic device, which also contains high voltage inside. For that reason,
only carry out those operations described in this chapter.
CAUTION: Any attempt to carry out operations other than those described
here may result in electric shock and/or damage to the printer.
When carrying out any repairs or maintenance, always follow
the instructions carefully.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Your printer is a reliable piece of precision machinery, which should not
cause you any trouble, provided it is used and treated sensibly. However, if
you do experience a minor problem, the few tips below help you avoid
having to make an unnecessary service call. The following table gives you
ideas on where to look in this section if you experience problems:
Remember - it is better not to attempt operations or repairs above your level
of competence. Otherwise, you run the risk of damaging the printer.
107
-
Power supply
If the
POWER
indicator does not illuminate, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the power cable properly
plugged into the electrical
outlet?
Turn off the printer, make certain that the power cable
is securely connected, and then turn the printer back on.
Is power being supplied
the outlet?
Turn off the printer, unplug it. Try with another appliante of the outlet to determine if electricity is being sup
plied to that outlet.
to
Is the printer voltage correct?
Check the bottom panel of your printer to verify that the
outlet voltage corresponds to the voltage required by the
printer. If they do not match, DO NOT try to operate the
1 $nter.
I
contact your supplier.
Printing
If your printer does not print, or suddenly stops printing, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the interface cable connetted securely?
Check both ends of the cable - printer and computer to
make sure that the connector is firmly in position.
Is the ON LINE indicator illu-
Ifitisnot,presstheC
on-line.
minated?
Is the POWER
flashing?
indicator
ON LINE Jbuttontosettheprinter
If it is, the paper has run out. Load more paper.
Is the printer beeping intermittently?
The release lever has moved while the paper is in printing position. Move the release lever to the original
position.
Is the paper caught up internally ?
Turn off the power, remove the. jammed paper, replace,
turn on the printer, and continue printing. Make sure that
the leading edge of the paper is smooth and uncreased.
-
Is the ribbon caught
around the print head?
up
Turn off the power. remove the ribbon, retension it, and
replace it. This problem occurs most l?equently with a
worn ribbon, so you may need to replace the ribbon.
-
Is the software you are using
properly installed for your
printer?
Check the installation settings in your software, and reinstall ifnecessary.
Can the printer perform selftest operations?
Turn the printer off, and turn it on again, holding down
one of the buttons to perform a self-test. If these do not
work contact your dealer.
108
If the print is faint, or uneven, check the following:
Check
Is the ribbon
stalled?
Possible remedy
properly
in-
Is the ribbon worn out?
Check and reinstall if necessary.
The ribbon has a long life, but will eventually need replacing. Fit a new ribbon cartridge if necessary.
If dots are missing in the printing, check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Are dots missing at random
in the printing?
The ribbon has become slack, causing it to get caught
up. Stop printing, remove the ribbon cartridge, retension and replace it.
ls a line of dots missing consistently
throughout
the
printing?
The print head is damaged. Stop printing, and contact
your supplier for a new print head.
If your application software cannot print the fonts or characters selected,
check the following:
Check
Is your application
properly installed?
Possible remedy
software
Check the software installation, andre-install
ware if necessary.
the soft-
Are fonts not being selected
properly?
Check the software installation, and insert the commands necessary for font changes into the software.
Are characters other than
those
expected
being
printed?
Either you are using the wrong International Character
Set (reset with EDS switches or software commands),
or you have the wrong character set selected (for
example if characters other than IBM block graphic
characters are being printed). Correct this with EDS
switches or the appropriate software sequences.
If the printout is not what is expected:
t Check
I
1 Possible remedv
Is the printer installed correctly?
Your software may think that it is driving a different
emulation to the one actually set. Check the EDS settings to make sure you have the right emulation.
Is the printer not printing
anything that you are expecting?
Use the Hex Dump mode to analyze the output from the
computer to the printer. This will enable you to determine that the right escape sequences, etc are being
transmitted.
109
-.
Paper feeding
If cut sheet paper (without the ASF) is not feeding smoothly, check the
following:
Check
Is the paper release
pushed back (to the c
tion)?
Possible remedy
lever
posi-
Set the release lever to the C
position.
Is the paper guide in place
and vertical?
The paper guide should be in place vertically
sheets to feed smoothly.
Are the left and right guides
too close together?
If the left and right guides are too close together, the
paper will not feed smoothly. Move them a little further
apart to allow the paper to feed freely.
Is the ASF selected with the
EDS settings?
If it is, then deselect it.
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
is illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way. Try using thinner paper.
for cut
If fanfold (continuous) paper is not being fed correctly using the tractor feed,
check the following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the paper release lever
pushed to the k position?
f
Is the paper guide in the vertical position?
Make sure the release lever is pushed to the L
tion.
I
posi-
When using the tractor feed, the paper guide should be
horizontal.
Are the holes on each side of
the paper aligned withregard
to each other in the tractor
units?
If the two sides of the paper sre out of alignment, realign
them so that the tractor holes match up.
Are the tractor units too close
or too far apart?
Misalignment of the tractor units, making the paper too
loose or too tight, will prevent a smooth paper feed.
Are the tractor units locked
in position and the covers
closed?
Correct this if necessary.
Is the paper feeding
into the printer?
The paper should not be too far from the printer (less
than 1 meter/ 3 feet), and there should be no cables or
other obstacles obstructing its path. The paper should
also be feeding straight into the printer, and an angled
feed may cause jams and blockages.
110
freely
I
--
Check
Possible remedy
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
is illuminated?
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
Is the paper too thick?
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way. Try using thinner paper.
If the ASF is not operating or is not feeding paper correctly, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Has the ASF option been
selected
with the EDS
switch?
Select this option.
Is the release lever set to the
C position?
The release
position.
Is the
ASF
mounted?
Make sure that the ASF is properly seated on the printer.
correctly
Is paper caught up near the
print head?
) ~~rr~r~~
lever should be set to the single-sheet
Stop printing, remove the jammed sheet (you may have
to remove the ASF for this). and continue.
lf the left and right guides are too close together, the
paper will not feed smoothly. Move them a little further
1 aparttoallowthepapertofeedfreely.
The ASF’s paper feed hopper and stacker can hold 50
sheets each. Make sure that there is no more paper than
this in either the hopper or stacker.
Was the paper fanned before
being fed into the ASF?
w
Are you trying to feed paper
using the front panel buttons
while the ON LINE indicator
If this is not done, paper jams may occur. Remove the
stack of paper from the ASF and fan it before reinsertOnly new, uncreased
paper should be used with the
You can only feed paper in this way when the printer is
off-line. Set the printer off-line and then feed paper.
There are limits to the thickness of paper that can be fed
in this way. Try using different paper.
111
If the paper park function does not appear to be working correctly, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the paper release lever in
the C position?
The paper release lever must be set to the & position
after the fanfold paper has been parked.
Has the fanfold paper been
properly parked?
Make sure that the POWER indicator comes on flashing
after the fanfold paper has been parked.
If text is being printed all on one line, or with extra blank lines, check the
following:
Check
Possible remedy
Is the text all on the same
line?
Carriage
returns
are not being expanded
<CR> + <LF> pairs. Check the EDS setting
to
and
CorreCt.
Is text being printed
extra blank lines?
with
Two line feeds are being printed. Make your software
printjust acarriagereturnor
(if this is not possible). set
the AUTO LF to OFF with the EDS setting.
If the page length and margins are not what is expected, check the following:
Use the Micro Feed function to adjust the print position
Use the EDS switches to set up the correct page length,
112
MAINTENANCE
Essentially, your printer is a robust piece of equipement, but should be
treated with a modicum of care in order to avoid malfunctions. For example:
l
l
Keep your printer in a “comfortable” environment. Roughly speaking, if
you are comfortable, then the environment is suitable for your printer, too
(see Chapter 1).
Do not subject the printer to physical shocks or excessive vibration.
. Avoid extremely dusty environments. Dust is the enemy of all precision
mechanical devices.
. To clean the exterior of the printer, use a choth barely dampened with
either water with a little detergent or a little alcohol, but do not allow any
liquid to fall inside the printer.
9 The interior of the printer may be cleaned with a small vacuum cleaner or
a compressed-air aerosol (sold for this purpose). When performing this
operation, be sum not to bend or damage any cable connections or
electronic components.
REPLACING
THE PRINT HEAD
This is not a job which you will need to do very often. The print head has been
designed to last for about 100 million characters. In normal everyday use,
this translates to years of life. However, if the print quality is faint, even after
you have changed the ribbon or you have adjusted the gap between the print
head and the platen (see Chapter l), the print head may need replacement.
Only use a replacement print head as recommended by your supplier.
1. Turn OFF the printer, and unplug the power cord.
2. Remove the top cover and ribbon cartridge.
3. If the printer has been in operation immediately before this operation, the
print head will be hot. Allow time for the print head to cool before
attemping to work on it.
4. Move the print head carriage toward the center, and remove the color
ribbon holder on the carriage.
CAUTION: Do not lose the spring inside the holder.
5. Unscrew the two screws that hold the print head in place and set them
aside.
113
Front tab
lor ribbon holder
Flgun, 7-T. Replacing the print head
6. Disengage the cable from the connector holding it down, then remove
the print head.
7. Plug the cable into the connector of the new print head.
8. Place the new print head on its support, seating it on the two pins.
9. Fasten the print head down with the two screws.
10. Remount the color ribbon holder with care to position the spring and the
front tab correctly.
Il. Replace the ribbon cartridge and top cover, and plug the power cord back
in.
114
_
.-.
-
chapter 8
SPECIFICATIONS
Printing system ............. ........ ......... Serial Impact Dot-matrix
Printing speed ................................ Pica
2OOcps
High-Speed Draft
15Ocps
Draft
37.5cps
NLQ
Elite
225cps
18Ocps
45cps
Print direction ................................ Bidirectional, logic-seeking
Unidirectional, logic-seeking
(selectable)
Print head ............... ........................ 9pins
Life: 100 million characters
Line spacing .. ............. .................... l/6, l/8, n/72, n/216 inches
Characters .... .................................. ASCII
International
IBM special
IBM block graphic
IBM code page
Download
-.
-
-_
96
16 sets (*)
111
50
6 sets (**)
255
* USA, France, Germany, England, Denmark I, Sweden, Italy, Spain I,
Japan, Norway, Denmark II, Spain II, Latin America, Korea, Irish,
Legal
** #/437 (USA), #850 (Multi-Lingual), #860 (Portuguese), #86l (Icelandic), #863 (Canadian French), #865 (Nordic)
Number of columns ..................... .. CPI
10
Pica
12
Elite
17.1
Condensed pica
20
Condensed elite
Proportional
80
96
137
160
Variable
115
Chamcter dot matrix ........................ 9 x 11 (Draft)
18 x 23 (NLQ)
Bit image dot-matrix .......................
Normal
Double
High-speed double*
Quadruple
CRT1
CRTII
Plotter
Double-plotter
DPI
60
120
120
240
80
90
72
144
(8 or
(8 or
(8 or
(8 or
(8 or
(8 or
(8 or
9) x 480
9) x 960
9) x 960
9) x 1920
9) x 640
9) x 720
9) x 576
(8or9)x 1152
* It is impossible to print adjacent dots in the mode marked with an asterisk
(*I.
Paper feed .........................................Friction and push/pull tractor
Paper feed speed ..............................2.9 inches/second max
Paper width ....................................... cut sheet
Fanfold (continuous)
4”-11.7”
4”-10”
Copies ............................................... Original+3 copies (Max.)
Maximum buffer size ...................... Without Download
With Download
16kB
1 line
Emulations ........................................Epson FX-850
Epson EX-800 for color
IBM Proprinter III
Interface ............................................ Centtonics parallel (standard)
RS-232C serial (option)
Ribbon type ...................................... On-carriage. dedicated
Monochrome (Black only)
Color (Black, magenta, cyan, violet,
yellow, orange, green)
116
--
Ribbon life
Monochrome (ZX9) .......... 3 million characters (draft pica)
Color (ZX9CL) ................. 1 million characters (draft pica)
Dimensions .................................... 440(w) x 334(d) x 1350 mm
17.3(w) x 13.1(d) x 5.3(h) in
Weight ............................ .............. 6.3kg (13.91b)
_
..
Power supply .............................. ... 120VAC, 220VAC 240VAC 50/60Hz
(varies according to the country of purchase)
Options .......................................... Automatic sheet feeder (SF- IODN)
Serial-Parallel converter (SPC-8K)
Roll paper holder (RH- 1OZ)
The following describes the pinout of the parallel (Centronics-type) interface connector (signals which are low when active are overlined):
I
Pin
1 Name
17
CHASSIS
Chassis ground (isolated from signal ground)
18
+5v
+5V DC output from printer
19-30
1 GND
Twisted pair ground return
1 RESET
32
ERROR
Outputs low when pr;lter cannot continue, due to an error
EXT GND
External ground
33
36
1
N/C
SELECT IN
I
1 When this input signal is low, printer is reset
31
34.35
118
1 Function
Always high
1 -
chapter 9
CHARACTER SETS
The following tables show the standard and IBM character sets.
The decimal character code of each character is shown in an inset to the
lower right of the character.
The hexadecimal code can be found by reading the entries at the top and left
edges of the table. For example, the character “A” is in column 4 and row
1, so its hexadecimal character code is 41. This is equivalent (4 x 16 + 1 =
65) to decimal 65, the number in the inset.
Control codes recognized by this printer are indicated by abbreviations
inside pointed brackets < >.
&ample>
rr
Character
Hexadecimal
(high order)
value
I
I
o
2
1
0
3
4
5
6
7
(NW
L
Hexadecimal
(low order)
L
Control code
l-
Decimal value
value
119
STANDARD CHARACTER
SET #I
I
-
8
o
9
(NW
0
j-z
,
(iii
(8s)
I1M)
I
(EEL)
j-iii
8
B
A
ITi-
MN)
@
(176
7
j-iii
(
C
8
E
P
1192
G
l-iii
D
'
j-iii
W
1199
Im
i7
1215
H
X
1136 ITii j-iii ITiY j-5 I
W
lrl
h
m
X
i
l-iii
121
STANDARD CHARACTER
SET #2
Other characters are identical to standard character set #l.
INTERNATIONAL CHARACTER SETS
When an international character set is selected by a command from software,
the following changes are made in the character set:
-
1 Country
91 I 93 -ii
-
-
L
-
*
-
-
.
-
L
-
-
,.
T
A
-
8.
L
NORWAY
DENMARK2
#lxJzlEBA
-
#$lzlE0A
\
\
\
.
\
d
- h,
-
-
96
-
.
d
6
c
\
-
IRISH
LEGAL
[email protected]\I
#
$ s
-
-
’
la
ii
\
\
The command for selecting the international character sets is:
cESC> “R” n
Where n means character
are:
0 U.S.A.
1 France
2 Germany
3 England
4 Denmark I
code n, i.e. CHR$(n) in BASIC. The values of n
5
6
7
8
9
Sweden
Italy
Spain I
Japan
Norway
10
11
12
13
14
64
Denmark II
Spain II
Latin America
Koria
Irish
Legal
123
IBM CHARACTER SET #2
Code Page #437 (U.S.A.)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
--
124
1
8
1
9
1
A
1
B
1
C
D
E
F
0 c 128
1 ii
129
2
6
3
a
4
ii
2
134
131
132
b
m
113311491165
4 fiii
t 1197
6&
Q
a
{I 1
)134l-iii
fiz 1182fiii
5 h
7
5:-
h
I 135
I-!
0
I 151
-n-lt-
I 167 ” I 183 ” I 199
11401 115bl
125
Code Page #850 (Mu/i-lingual)
Other charcters are identical to Code Parre #437
8
9
m
A
,
B
C
:::
:::
I fa
L
D
E
hi-
(136
F
-B-6---
lEoI “’ (1761
I-!
I
!
113bl
I1521
I1371
I1531
lAl%-k--JY-hI
I
1lbsl
11841
11381
I1541
I1701.. 1
I140
I156
I172
m
"
=
126
12001
b
-
ITj2
2
Code Page #860 (Pomguese)
Other charcters are identical to Code Pane #437.
8
1
6
9
11321
h481
I 133
I 149
(134
B
fiiii
139
6
1 %!I
t
F
!
I’ I
A
D
E
]lM-1
riq
1212(
I
/iii
II
I=
1182
h36l
rr
/iii-
F
b
p
1214
12021 ’ 12181
I-Tic
+
(230
1246
12341
&
156
0
I 141
E
C
155
140
c
B
1165 ’ I 181 ’ I 197 ’ I213
I1381 1154( 11701”
c
I
ti n
ll641’
_a
CJ
A
C
A
I157
R
lic2
A-C,I1431
1173
cc
l%i
1179
))
I1591
1189
4
-l-
j-iii
1’:
L
I1751 ’ 11911
j-E
n J-lJ
12071
1225)
1239)
1255
127
Code Page #861 (Icelandic)
Other charcters are identical to Code Page ##437.
I-!
I1281
I I441
I 16ol
I1761
1192)
12081
1224)
I2401
Code Page #863 (Canadian French)
Other charcters are identical to Code Page #+437.
A
B
c
D
E
P
a
)224
c
T
D
=
MS
F
1240
L
140
1%
tJ
141
157
129
Code Page #865 (Nordic)
Other charcters are identical to Code Page #437.
8
9
I?
A
d
B
C
L
D
lL
E
a
F
f
IBM CHARACTER
SET #1
Other characters are identical to character set #2.
The duplication of control codes enables systems with a 7-bit interface to
obtain control functions when the most significant bit is set to 1 by the
cESC> ‘5” command in the standard mode.
131
F
IBM SPECIAL CHARACTER SET
Additional characters can be printed by special commands.
-
132
lA/DEX
CKI
Absolute horizontal tab, 66
Ascender, 70,82
Auto feed, 79
Auto loading, 3 1
Automatic line feed, 37,63
Automatic sheet feeder, 9,37,78,117
IBI
Backspace, 63
BASIC, 28,84,88,91,101
Beeper, 78
Bidirectional printing, 40,78
Bit-image printing, 6769,104
Bold printing, 45
Bottom feed, 15
Bottom margin, 59
Buffer, 32,37, 116
El
Cancel command, 76
Carriage return, 63
Centering, 64
Channels of vertical tab stops, 61
Character codes, printing of all, 49
Character set commands, 4749
Character sets, 115,119-132
Character size and pitch commands,
50-55
Character spacing, 53
Cleaning, 113
Code page, 39,48
Color printing, 32
Color selection commands, 74-75
Column width, 96,115
Condensed pitch, 23,50
Connector, 3.8
Control panel, 2 1
Courier font, 24,43
IDI
Delete, 76
Descender, 70.82
Dimensions of printer, 117
Dot matrix size, 116
Double-size characters, 53,54
Double-strike printing, 45
Downloadcharacter commands, 70-74
Download characters, 37,70,8 l-93
Draft quality, 24,42,70,71,81
El
EDS mode, 35,96
Electronic DIE switch, 35
Elite pitch. 23,42,50.73
Emphasized printing, 44
Emulation, 36,95,116
Entry slot, 3
Environmental requirements, 1
Escape sequence, 4 1
Expanded printing, 5 1
CEI
Fanfold forms:
loading, 12
parking, 16,23
specifications, 116
unparking, 17
Fixed spacing, 52
FONT button, 24
Font control commands, 42-47
Form feed, 59
133
IGI
Gap, 19
Graphics, 67, 104
Graphics commands, 67-69
IHI
Hexadecimal dump, 28-29
Horizontal position commands, 62-66
Horizontal tabulation, 65
HS draft, 24
III
IBM character sets, 47,124-132
IBM code page, 39.48
IBM mode, 36,38
IBM-PC, 29
Interface:
signals, 118
specifications, 116
International characters, 39,48, 123
Italic printing, 44
LJJ
Justification, 64
El
Left margin, 62,63
Line feed, 57
Line spacing, 55.56, 115
Locating the printer, 1
m
Macro definition, 33
Maintenance, 113
Manual feed, 78
Margins:
bottom, 59
left, 62,63
right, 62,63
Master print mode, 52
Micro-feed, 3 1
134
Microjustification, 53
Most significant bit, 76
Multi-part, 18,37
(NI
Near letter quality, 24,40,42,7
86
1,72,
CEI
Off-line, 22,77
On Line button, 22
Orator font, 44
Overlining, 46
IPI
Page feed, 30,59
Page length, 38,58
Page width, 96,115
Panel font, 27
Panel pitch, 27
Paper Feed button, 22
Paper feed, 9-17.116
Paper feeding, 110
Paper guide, 9,14
Paper specifications, 116
Paper-out detector, 37,60
Parking, 16,23
Pause, 22
Pica pitch, 23,50
Pitch, 23,27,50, 115
Pitch button, 23
Platen knob, 3,4
Power supply, 108
Power switch, 3
Printing, 108
Print area, 27
Print head, 113
Printer commands, 4 1,99
Printing gap adjustment, 19
Printing mechanism, 115
Programming, 98
Proportional pitch, 23,52
-
IQI
Quadruple-size characters, 53
Quiet print, 23,77
ml
Rear cover, 3, 12
Release lever, 3, 10, 12
Reset printer, 79
Reverse line feed, 57
Reverse micro-feed, 3 1
Ribbon cartridge, 4,116
Right margin, 62,63
Roller unit, 3,7
ROM character set, 74
ccl
Underlining, 45
Unidirectional printing, 78
Unpacking and inspection, 2
Unparking, 17
(VJ
Vertical position commands, 55-61
Vertical tabulation, 61
El
Zero (slash and normal), 49
El
Sanserif font, 24,43
Script font, 24,43
Self tests, 25,26
Set/Eject/Park button, 23
Setting up, 4
Single sheets:
automatic loading, 9
manual loading, 11
specifications, 116
Slash zero, 49
Small capitals, 24
Specifications, 115-l 18
Sprocket feed, 12-17,116
Standard character set, 38,47,120-122
Standard mode, 36,38,99
Subscripts, 46
Superscripts, 46
IT/
Tabulation, 61,65
Test patterns, 25.26
Top cover, 3.5
Top of form, 30,58
Tractor feed, 12-17, 116
Troubleshooting, 107-I 12
135
c
COMMAND SUMMARY
Standard Mode
The following commands take effect with the Standard mode.
CONTROL CODE
FUNCTION
<BEL>
CBS>
CHT>
<LF>
<VT>
cFF>
<CR>
<so>
<Sb
<DCI>
<DC22
<Dc3>
<Dc4>
<CAN>
<Esc> cLl-5.
-&SC> <FF>
<Esc> <so>
<Esc> <Sk=
&SC> <EM> &
<Esc> <EM> <4>
<Esc> <EM> “R”
-disc> <EM> “T’ n
<E-SC> <sp> n
<EsQ “I” n
<Esc> “W
-disc> “s” nl n2
<Esc> “W <o>
<EsD “W <l>
<EsD “W “D
<EsQ “W “1”
<ESQ”W*dn2mOdWl2d...dl
Bell
Backspace
ifii2i-2
rab
Vertical tab
Form feed
Carriage return
Expanded printing for one line
Condensed printing
Set printer on-line
Cancel condensed printing
Set printer off-line
Cancel one-line expanded printing
Cana last line
Reverse line feed
Return to top of current page
Expanded printing for one line
condensed
tinting
Manual f eel
Auto feed
Eject paper from ASF
Set pnnt stmt position on ASF
Increase character spacing
Select master print mode
AC
t MSB as is
Abzute
horizontal tab in inches
Select ROM character set
Select download character set
Select ROM charader set
Select download character set
Defoe
draft download
characters
<ESC>‘Bt”<O>nlnZd)ala2mlm2m7...m69
<ESO”*“nonl
<Est.
u-” <o,
<JLsc> “-” <l>
<ES& “-” “(Y
<ma
U’ ” 1”
<EsD “p’ no
<EsQ
‘y)”
<Es5
“1”
<EsQ
“2’
<EsD “3” n
<E!sc> “4”
<J.IsQ y”
&c>
“6’
<EsD
T
136
nzmlmz
...
Defme NLQ download characters
Select graphics mode
Stop underlining
Start underlining
Stop underlining
Start tmderlining
Select vertical tab channel
Set line spacing to l/8 inch
Set line spacingto 7fl2 inch
Set tine spacing to l/6 inch
Set line spacing to n/21 6 inch
Select italic characters
Select II right characters
select CL ratter set #2
Select character set #l
CONTROL CODE
FUNCTION
CESQ “8”
-&sQ”9”
<ES0
“:” <o> n <o>
-zEsQ “<”
<EsG
“2
<Esc> “>’
<ESCb”?“nm
CEscb “@”
cE.SQ “A” n
CESQ “B” nl n2 . . .
-3330 “c’ n
CESO”C’&n
dSQ”D”nlnZ...&
CESQ “E”
&SD
“F
cE.sQ “G’
CESQ “H”
<ESQ”r’n
...
<ESQ”K”nlnZmlmZ
d.SQ”L”nln2mlm2
.. .
CESQ “lvf
dSQ”Wn
CESQ “0”
<ESQ “P”
CE.SO”Q”n
cESO”R”n
cEsQ”s”<O>
CESQ “s” <l>
CESQ “s” “0”
CESQ “s” “1”
<ESQ “T
<EsQ “lY <o>
CESQ “u” <l>
<ESQ “u” “0’
<Esc>“LJ”“l”
cEscB”“w”<o,
<ESQ “W” <I>
<Es0
“W “(Y
<Es&+ ‘W ” 1”
<ESQ”Y”nlnZmlmZ
...
dSQ”Z”nln2mlm2
...
<ESC>“[““T’<4><0,<0>cbnld
<ESC>“\“dd
<ESC>“A”dnln2mlm2
...
<EsC, “a” <o>
-&-SO “a” <l>
<ES0
“a” <2>
&SD
<JiSQ
“a” <3>
“a” “(Y
cESQ
“a” ” 1”
cESc> “a” “2”
d.!Sc> “a” “3”
<ESD”b”nOnlnZ
cESQ”e”<O>n
cJSc> “e” cl>
&SC> “e” “0”
&SD
“e” “1”
dSQ”f’<O,n
cESQ “f’ <l>
cESC>“f’“O”n
4233
“f’ “1”
n
n
n
n
n
“’
<o>
Disable paper-out detector
Enable paper-out detector
copy standard characters from ROM into RAM
One-line unidim&mal
printing
SetMSBtoO
SetMSBtol
Catwelt graphics density
Reset printer
SU tine spacing to nf72 inch
Set vertical tab stops
SU page length to n lines
Se8 ge length to n inches
set !trizontal tab stops
Emphasized printing
Cancel anfhasized
printing
Double-strtke printing
Cancel double-strike printing
Perform one n/216-inch line feed
Print normal-density
g-bit graphics
Print double-density g-bit graphics
Elite pitch
Se4 bottom margin
Cancel bottom margin
Pica pitch
Sa right margin
Select international character set
S
rscript
S”“r script
s
rscript
SuT script
Cfycl yersc+t~or
subscript
p?y?$?g”“ons”g
PAGE
z
72
;:
2
::
z
:;
:i
45
z;
:;
:8
:?I
:;
zz
z
;;
Bidirectional printing
;i
Unidirectional printing
78
Cancel expanded printing
Expanded printing
3:
Cancel expanded printing
Expanded
tinting
::
Print doub Pe-density, double-speed g-bit graphics 67
Print uadmpledensity
g-bit graphics
Select IB Mcodepage
2
Relative horixontal tab
Print 9pin graphics
z
Left justify
Center text
2
~.k$$;$-y
z
Left justify
Center text
ii
Right justify
z
Full justify
SU vertical tab s’ops in channel
2
SU horimntal tab stops every n columns
Set venical tab stops every n lines
2
Set horimntal tab stops every n columns
Set venical tab steps every n lines
Absolute horizontal tab in columns
iz
Feed apernlincs
58
Abso Pute horizontal tab in columns
z
Feed paper n lines
137
FUNCTION
Select dwble or quadruple size
Perform one n/216-inch reverse line feed
seled NLQ font
Set left margin
select fixed spacing
Select mpomcnalspacing
Select & ed spacing
select pmpomulal
spacing
Select print color
Cancel quiet mode
PAGE
2:
43
62
Quid
Cancel quiet mode
Quid mode
Se.lect standard character set
Select IBM character set
Shift downlcad character area
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Shifi download character area
Return to normal height
Print double-height characters
Return to normal height
Print double-height characters
Select draft quality characters
Select NLQ chanmers
Select draft quality characters
select NLQ characters
Select t~3m-d zero
Select slash zem
select normal zem
Select slash zcm
~.dla;~aracter
sent
Auto feed
select
Mad
Select
.--cyan
select
Seled
Select
Select
Select
Seleu
Select
selecl
magenta
videt
yellow
orange
green
Courier dtatacten
Sanserif cbaractets
Scrip4 characters
orator charauers
Select draft quality characters
fmm ASF
EM P
Select cr aracter size
Set print start position at ASF
138
54
:i
::
2
49
49
::
79
14
14
7':
75
::
1:
43
44
:;
54
19
IBM Mode
The following commands take effect with the IBM mode.
CONTROL CODE
FUNCTION
Bell
Backspace
Horizontal tab
Line feed
Vertical tab
Fonn feed
Carriage return
Expanded printing for one line
Condensed printing
Set printer on-line
pica pitch
Cancel one-line expanded pruning
Cancel last line
Expanded printing for one line
Condensed printing
Manual feed
Auto feed
Eject paper from ASF
Set print statt position on ASF
Stop underlining
Start underlining
Stop underlining
Start underlining
Set line spacing to l/8 inch
Set line spacing to 7f72 inch
Execute cBSC> “A”
Set line spacing to nf216 inch
Set top of page at current position
Cancel automatic line feed
Set automatic line feed
Select character set #2
Select character set #1
Disable paper-out detector
Enable paper-out detector
Elite itch
P
Define draft download characters
“=‘I nl a2 eNA& a0 al d ml m2
m46
Define NLQ download characters
“@”
Reset printer
“A” n
Set line spacingto nf72 inch
“B” nl n2 . . . <o>
Set vettical tab stops
“c’ n
Set page length to R lines
“c’ <o, n
Set page length to n inches
“D” nl d . . . <o>
Set horizontal tab stops
“E”
Emphasized printing
“F
Cancel emphasized printing
“G”
Double-stnke printing
“H”
Cancel double-strike printing
“r’ <o>
Select draft quality characters
“r’ <l>
Select draft elite characters
“I- c2>
Select NLQ characters
“r’ <3>
Select NLQ characters
“I- <4>
Select draft download character set
“IT’6>
Select draft elite download character set
“I- <7>
Se&t NLQ download character set
<BEb
<BS>
<HT>
cLF>
<VT>
cFF>
<CR>
<so>
<Sb
<DCl>
<DC2>
<DC4>
<CAN>
&SD
<so>
<Esc> <Sb
cESQ <EM> <o>
<ESD <EM> <4>
&SC> <EM> “R”
<Esc> <EM> “T’ n
<Esc> ‘I-” co>
<E-SD “-I’ Cl>
<Esc> I’-” “0
<EsD “-” ” 1”
<Esc> “0”
cEsc> “1”
&SD
“2”
<Esc> “3” n
<Esc> “4”
<Es0
“5” -6
<FsQ
“5” <l>
<Es3
“6”
<Esc> ‘T
<ESC> “8”
<Esc> ‘9”
-&SC> ‘I:”
~ESC>“=“nlnZ~DC4saOala2mlm2...ml
&SC>
&.!x>
<Es0
<Esc>
<Es0
<Es3
&SC>
<Es5
&SC>
cJzsc>
cEsc>
<Esc>
<EsD
<Esc>
<EsD
cEsc>
<Esc>
<Esc>
139
CONTROLCODE
FUNCTION
<EsQ”l”<vb
cEse”p’csb
<EsQ
“r’ “0
Select NLQ italic characters
Select NLQ italic download character set
Select draft quality characters
Select draft elite characters
Select NLQ characters
Select NLQ characters
Select draft download character set
Select draft elite download character set
Select NLQ download character set
Perform one n/216-inch line feed
Print normal-density g-bit graphics
Print double-density g-bit graphics
set bottom margin
Cancel bottom margin
Select fixed spicing
Select pmpomatal
spacing
Set printer off-line
Reset all tab stops
Superscript
Subscript
su rscript
su r script
Cancel superscrip or subscript
Bidirectional prmting
Unidimcticmal printing
Bidirectional printing
Uniditwtional
printing
cancel expanded printing
Expanded priming
Cancel expanded printing
<Es6
CESQ
“r’ “1”
“I-’ “T
<EsD
<EsQ
<EsQ
CESQ
“r’
“r’
“I”
“I-’
“3”
“4’
“7
“7
cESG “r’ n
cEsa”K”nln2mlmz
cEsc&“$lynl”...
I .
”
Ez
CEsa
-&
-T* <o>
“p’ Cl>
5:
&+
<EsQ
<EsD
<EsQ
CFscb
“s”
“s’
“s”
5”
.
<o,
cl>
“U’
“1”
zE2
-T* -xb
<EsQ “u” Cl>
<EsQ “u” “U
KESG “v’ “I”
<EsDW’<o>
<Es(s “HP’ Cl>
CEsa
“w” “U’
CEscb “w” “1”
<EsQ”x”nlnz
<ESQ”Y”nlnZmlmZ
cEst3”z”nln2mlm2...
<EsQ Ir: [email protected]:@:’
<4> 6
cEsb~,~n2<4>~*hm>nln2
<Es0
<Esc>
“I”
“A”
...
.. .
<o> cib n m
!ZZ?.ZJ~~margins
Print double-density, double-speed g-bit graphics
Print quadmple-rknsity
I-bit graphics
Select character height, width, and fine spacing
SelectIBMcode
ge
Enable printing o p”all character codes
Reverse line feed
Enable priming of all character codes cn next
character
67
68
55
48
z7”
49
1:
46
St&t
owdinin~
select NLO font
Select p& color
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Select standard character set
Select IBM character set
Manual feed
Auto feed
select black
Select magenta
W&cyan
Select videt
Select yellow
select oranee
select
green
Select Carrier
140
characters
15
43
CONTROL CODE
FUNCTION
PAGE
Select Sanserif characters
Select Script characters
Select Orator characters
Select draft quality chatacten
Eject ps r from ASF
Select c r aractcr size
Set print start position on ASF
43
::
42
3:
79
141
c
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