REFERENCES
REFERENCES
AARON, JESSI E. (2006). 'Variation and change in Spanish future temporal expression',
doctoral dissertation, University of New Mexico.
ABRAHAM, WERNER (1991). 'The grammaticalization of the German modal particles', in
'Traugott and Heine (1991b: 331--80),
- -(1993) . 'Einleitung zum Thema dieses Bandes. Grammatikalisierung und Reanalyse:
Einander ausschlieBende odee erganzende Begriffe?: Folia Linguistica Historica 13.1-2:
7-26.
- - (1997). 'The interdependence of case, aspect and referentiality in the history of
German: the case of the verbal genitive', in van Kemenade and Vincent (1997: 29'-61).
- - (1998), 'The aspectual source of the epistemic-root distinction ~ of modal verbs', in
H. W. Boeder, C. Schroder, K. H. Wagner, and W. Wildgen (eds), Sprache in Raum und
Zeit, in Memoriam Johannes Bechert, Band 2: Beitrage zur Empirischen Sprachwissenschaft.
Tubingen: Narr, 231- 49.
- -(2000). 'Modal particles in German: word classification and legacy beyo~d grammaticalisation', in Petra M. Vogel and Bernard Comrie (eds), Approaches to the Typology of
Word Classes. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 321- 50.
- - (2003). 'Autonomous and non-autonomous components of "grammaticalization":
economy criteria in the emergence of German negation', Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 56.4, 325-65.
--(2004). 'The grammaticalization of the infinitival preposition: toward a theory of
"grammaticalizing reanalysis''', Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 7.2: 111- 70.
--(2007). 'The discourse-functional crystallization ofDP from the original demonstrative: in Stark et al. (2007: 241-56).
--and Leiss, Elisabeth (eds) (2008). Modality-Aspect Interfaces: Implications and Typological Solutions. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
ADAMS, J. N. (1991). 'Some negle<:ted evidence for Latin HA.BEO with infinitive: the order of
the constituents', Transactions of the Philological Society 89: 131---96.
ADAMS, VALERIE (2002[1973]). An Introduction to Modern English Word-Fomlation.
London: Longman.
AOAMSON, SYLVIA (2000). 'A lovely little example: word order options and category shift in
the premodifying string', in Olga Fischer, Anette Rosenbach, and Dieter Stein (eds),
Pathways of Change: Grammaticalization in English. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 39- 66.
AEBISCHER, PAUL (1948). 'Contribution a la protohistoire des articles iIle et ipse dans les
langues romanes', Cultura Neolatina 8: 181-203.
AhIqvist. Anders (ed.) (1982). Papers from the Fifth International Conference on Historical
Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
AHN, Joo HOH (1996). 'A study of the phenomena of grammaticization in the Korean noun'.
PhD dissertation, Yonsei University, Korea.
798
REFERENCES
AIIMER, KAREN (1985) . 'The semantic deve10pment of wilf, in J. Fisiak (ed.), Historical
Semantics and Historical Word-Formation. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 11- 21.
- - (1996) . Conversational Routines in English. London: Longman.
- - (1997) . '[ think: an English modal particle~ in Toril Swan and Olaf Jansen Westvik
(eds), Modality in Germanic Languages: Historical and Comparative Perspectives. Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter, 1- 47.
- -(2002). English Discourse Particles. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(2004). 'The semantic path from modality to aspect: be able to in a cross-linguistic
perspective~ in Lindquist and Majr (2004a: 57- 78) .
AIKHENVALD, ALEXANDRA Y. (1995). 'Split ergativity in Berber languages', St Petersburg
Journal of African Studies 4: 39-68.
- -(1996). 'Areal diffusion in northwest Amazonia: the case of Tariana', Anthropological
Linguistics 38: 73-n6.
- - (2000). Classifiers: A Typology of Noun Categorization Devices. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
--(2002) . Language COtltact in Amazonia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- - (2003). 'Mechanisms of change in areal diffusion: new morphology and language
contact', Joumal of Linguistics 39: 1- 29.
--(2004) . Evidentiality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Paperback, with revisions,
2006.)
--(2006) . 'Evidentiality in grammar~ in Keith Brown (ed), Encyclopedia of Language and
Linguistics, 2nd edn, vol. 4. Oxford: Elsevier, 320--25.
- -(2008). 'Information source and evidentiality: what can we conclude?', Rivi5ta di
linguistica 19: 207- 27 (dated 2007, published 2008).
--and Dixon, R. M. w. (eds) (:ZOOI). Areal Diffusion and Genetic Inheritatlce: Problems in
Comparative Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- - --(eds) (2003). Studies in Evidetltiality. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - --(eds) (2006). Grammars in Contact: A Cross-Linguistic Typology. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
AITCHISON, JEAN (1991). Language Change: Progress or Decay? Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
AKIMOTo, MINOP (1989). A StudyofVerbo-Nominal Structures itl English. Tokyo: Shinozaki
Shorin.
- - (2002). 'Two types of passivization of "Y + NP + P" constructions in relation to
idiomatization', in Teresa Fanego, Maria fose Lopez-Couso, and Javier Perez-Guerra
(eds), English Historical Syntax and Morphology. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 9-22.
- - (2009). Review of Lexicalization and Language Change, Studies in English Literature 50:
226-34·
ALANNE, EERO (1972) . 'Zur Rolle cler syntaktischen lnterferenz der verwandten u nd unverwandten Sprachen', Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 73: 568- 74.
ALBA, MATT (2008). 'Ratio frequency: insights into usage effects on phonological structure
from hiatus resolution in New Mexican Spanish', Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone
Linguistics 1: 247-86.
ALBOlU, GABRIELA, and MOTAPANYANE, YIRGINA (2000) . 'The generative approach to
Romanian grammar: an overview: in Gabriela Alboiu and Virginia Motapanyane
(eds), Comparative Studies in Rilmanian Syntax. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1- 48.
REFERENCES
799
ALBRECHT, JORN (2002). 'Das Wort im europaischen Strukturalismus', in D. A. Cruse, Franz
Hundsnurscher, Michael Job, and Peter Rolf Lutzeier (eds), Lexicology: An International
Handbook on the Nature and Structure of Words and Vocabularies, vol. I. Berlin: de
Gruyter, 138-43.
ALGEO, JOHN (1991). 'Introduction', in John Algeo (ed.), Fifty Years among the New Words. A
Dictionary of Neologisms, 1941- 1991. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1- 16.
- - (1995). 'Having a look at the expanded predicate', in Bas Aarts and Charles F. Meyer
(eds), The Verb in Contemporary English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
203- 17.
ALLEN, C. 1. (1995) . Case Marking and Reanalysis: Grammatical Relations from Old to Early
Modem English. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
ALLEN, CYNTHIA (1977) . 'Topics in diachronic English syntax'. PhD, University of
Massachusetts.
ALLERTON, D. 1. (2002). Stretched Verb Constructions in English. London: Routledge.
AMHA, AZE8 (2001) . The Maale Language. Dordrecht: Faris.
AN, HYO-PAL (1983). 'Hesahwauy Yenkwu' (A study of the formation of emptywordsl. MA
thesis, Kyungnam University, Korea.
ANDERSEN, HENNING (1973). 'Abductive and deductive change', Language 49-4: 765- 93.
- -(1987). 'From auxiliary to desinence', in Martin B. Harris and Paolo Ramat (eds),
Historical Development of Auxiliaries. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 21-51.
- -(2001). 'Actualization and the (uni)directionality', in Henning Andersen (ed.), Actualization: Linguistic Change in Progress. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 225-48. _
--(2005). 'On the Handbook of Historical Linguistics', Diachronica 22: 155- 76.
--(2006). 'Grammation, regrammation, and degrammation: tense loss in Russian',
Diachronica 23.2: 231- 58.
--(2008). 'Grammaticalization in a speaker-oriented theory of change', in Thorhallur
Eythorsson (ed.), Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory: The Rosendal Papers.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 22- 44.
ANDERSON, GREGORY D. S. (2006) Auxiliary Verb Constructions. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
ANDERSON, LLOYD B. (1982) . 'The "perfect" as a universal and as a language specific
category', in Paul J. Hopper (ed.), Tense-Aspect: Between Semantics and Pragmatics.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 227-64.
- -(1985). 'Inflectional morphology', in Shopen (1985: iii.5O-201).
- -(1986) . 'Evidentials, paths of change, and mental maps: typologically regular asymmetries', in Wallace Chafe and Marianne Mithun (eds), Evidentiality: The Linguistic
Coding of Epistemology. Norwood: Ablex, 273- 312.
- - {t992}. A-Morphous Morphology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- -and KEENAN, EDWARD 1. (1985). 'Deixis', in Shopen (1985: ii.259-308).
ANDERSSON, PETER (2007). Modalitet och forandring: En studie av rna och kunna i fornsvenska. Goteborg: Institutionen for Svenska Spraket.
--(2008). 'Swedish ma and the (de)grammaticalization debate: in LOpez-Couso and
Seoane (2008: 15- 32).
ANSALDO, UMBERTO, and LIM, LISA (2004). 'Phonetic absence as syntactic prominence:
grammaticalization in isolating tonal languages', in Fischer et aL (2004: 345-62).
ANSCOMBRE, JEAN-CLAUDE, and DUCROT, OSWALD (1977) . 'Deux mais en francais?', Lingua
43: 23- 40.
800
REFER ENCES
ANTAKI, CHARLES, and WETHERELL, MARGARET (1999) . 'Show concessions', Discourse
Studies 1.1: 7-z7.
ANTTILA, RAIMO (1989[197z1). Historical and Comparative Linguistics, znd revised edn.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (Z003). 'Analogy: the warp and woof of cognition', in Joseph and Janda (Z003: 425- 40).
ANTZAKAS, KLiMIS (Z006). 'The use of negative head movements in Greek Sign Language',
in U. Zeshan (ed.), Interrogative and Negative Constructions in Sign Languages. Nijmegen:
Ishara Press, 258-69.
ARBIB, MICHAEL A. (zo05). 'From monkey-like action recognition to human language: an
evolutionary framework for neurolinguistics', Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28.z: 105-24.
ARIEL, MIRA (1990). Accessing NP Antecedents. London: Croom Helm.
- -(2000). 'The development of person agreement markers~ in Michael Barlow and
Suzanne Kemm er (eds), Usage-Based Models of Language. Stanford, CA: CSU . 197- 260.
--(2008). Pragmatics and Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
ARLoTTa, ANTHONY (1972) . Introductum to Historical Linguistics. Boston: Houghto n.
ARONOFF, MARK, MEIR, IRIT, and SANDLER, WENDY (200S). 'The paradox of sign language
morphology', Language 81: 301- 44.
ASHBY, W ILLIAM J. (1981) . 'The loss of the negative particle ne in French: a syntactic change
in progress', Language 57·3: 674- 87.
- - (2001). 'Un nouveau regard sur la chute du ne en fran~ais parle tourangeau: s'agit-it
d'un changement en cours?', French Language Studies n: 1--22.
ASHER, RONALD E. (198z) . Tamil. Amsterdam: North-HoUand.
ASKEDAL, JOHN O. (ZOOS). 'Grammatikalisierung und Persistenz im deutschen "Rezipienten
Passiv" mit bekOtrimenlkriegenlerhalten', in Torsten Leuschner (ed.), Grammatikalisierung
im Deutschen. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2Il- 27.
- - (zo08). "'Degrammaticalization" versus typology: reflections on a strained relationship'. in Th6rhallur Eyth6rsson (ed.), Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory: The
Rosendal Papers. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 45-77.
AUER, PETER, and GUNTHNER, SUSANNE (ZOOS). 'Die Entstehung von Diskursmarkem im
Deutschen: ein Fall von Grammatikalisierung?', in Torsten Leuschner and Tanja Mortelsmans (eds), Grammatikalisienmg im Deutschen. Berlin: de Gruyter, 33S-62.
AURELI, MASSIMO (2003). 'Pressione deU'usa sulla norma: Ie relative non standard nei
giudizi degli utenti'. Studi italiani di linguistica teorica e applicata 32.1: 45- 67.
AUSTIN, PETER (1981). 'Switch-reference in Australia', Language S7: 309-34·
--(199S). 'Double case marking in Kanyara and Mantharta languages: Western Australia',
in Plank (1995: 363-79).
AWOYALE, YIWOLA (1986). 'Reflexivization in Kwa languages', in Genit Jan Dimmendaal
(ed.), Current Approaches to African Linguistics, vol. 3. Dordrecht: Foris, 1-14.
BAAYEN, R. H ARALD (2008). 'Corpus linguistics in morphology: morphological productivity',
in A. Uideling, M. Kyto, and T. McEnery (eds), Handbook of Corpus Linguistics. Berlin: de
Gruyter, I- S2.
BABAEV, KIRILL (Z008). 'Personal pronoun origins', LinguistList 19.2.
BABEL, ANNE (2009) . 'Dizque, evidentiality and stance in Valley Spanish', Language in
Society 38: 487- S11.
BAlCER, MARK (198S). 'The Mirror Principle and morphosyntactic explanation', Linguistic
Inquiry 16·3: 373-415.
REFERENCES
801
- - (1988). Incorporation: A Theory of Grammatical Function Changing. Chicago: Univer·
sity of Chicago Press.
--(2008). The Syntax of Agreement and Concord. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
BAKKER, Pl:lTER (2006) . 'The Sri Lanka Sprachbund: the newcomers Portuguese and Malay'.
in Y. Matras, A. McMahon, and N . Vincent (eds). Linguistic Areas: Convergence in
Historical and Typological Perspective. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macm illan. 135- 59.
BALL, CATHERINE N . (1991). 'The historical development of the it-cleft', Ph D dissertation.
University of Pennsylvania.
- - (1994). 'The origins of the informative-presupposition it-cleft', Journal of Pragmatiej
22: 603-2.8.
BANFI, EMANUELE (2008). 'Sui suffisso i.e. ""-(V}nt-: tra dati storico-linguistici e fatti
di proto-grammaticalizzazione', in Romano Lazzeroni, Emanuele Banfi, Gi uliano
Bern ini, Marina Chini, and Giovanna Marotta (eds), Diachronica et synchronica. Pisa:
ETS.53- 70.
BAO. ZHINMIN (2005). 'The aspectual system of Singapore English and the systemic substratist explanatio n', Journal of Linguistics 41: 237- 67.
BARBH, CECILE (2010). 'Le verbe modal devoir en fran ~ais me4icval et contempo rain:
hypotheses pragmatiques sur Ie changement semantique', in B. Combettes et al. (eds).
Le changement en franfais: etudes de linguistique diachronique. Berne: Lang. 19-41.
BARLOW. M ICHAEL. and KEMMER. SUZANNE (2000). Usage-Based Models of Language.
Stanfo rd. CA: CSU.
BARON. NAOM I S. (1977). Language Acquisition and Historical Change. Amsterdam: North·
Holland.
BARTH. DAGMAR (2000) . ' That's true, although not really, but still: expressing concession in
spoken English'. in Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen and Bernd Kortmann (005). Cause, Co/zdi·
tion, Concession, and Contrast: Cognitive and Discourse Perspectives. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter. 4l l- 37.
BARTH-WEING ARTEN, DAGMAR (2003). Concession in Spoken English: On the Realisation of a
Discourse-Pragmatic Relation. Tiibingen: Narr.
- -and CoUPER-Ku HLEN, ELIZABETH (2002). 'On the development of fin al though: a case
of grammaticalization?', in Wischer and Diewald (2002: 345-61).
BATTISON, ROBBIN (1978). Lexical Borrowing in American Sign Language. Silver Spring, MD:
Linstok Press.
Battye, Adrian, and Roberts, Ian (OOs) (1995). Clause Structure and Language Change.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
BAUER. BRIGITTE (1995). The Emergence and Development of SVO Patterning in Latin and
French. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- - (2002[ 1983]). English Word Formation. Cambridge: Cambridge Un iversity Press.
- - (2007). 'The defi nite article in Indo- European: emergence of a new category', in Stark
et al. (2007: 103- 40).
BAUER, LAURZE (1983). English Word-Formation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BEC, PIERRE (1967). La langue occitane. Montpellier: PUF.
BECKNER, CLAY, and BYBEE, JOAN (2009). 'A usage-based account of constit uency and
rea nalysis', Language Learning 59. Suppl. 1 (December). 29- 48.
BEGUELl N, MARIE- JOSE (2000). 'Des clauses impersonnelles a ux constituants phrastiques:
q uelques axes de grammaticalisation', in P. Seriot and A. Berrendonner (eds), Le paradoxe
801
REFERENCES
du sujet: les propositions impersonnelles dans /es /angues slaves et romanes. Cahiers de I'IISL
12: 25-41.
BEHAGHEL, OTTO (1924). Deutsche Syntax, vol. 2. Heidelberg: Winter.
BELLUGI, URSULA, and KLIMA, EDWARD (1976). 'Two faces of the sign: arbitrary and
abstract', in S. Hamad, H. Stek1is, and J. Lancaster (eds), Origins and Evolution of
lAnguage and Speech. New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 514- 43BENINcA, PAOLA (2006). 'A detailed map of the left periphery of medieval Romance', in
Raffaella Zanuttini, Hector Campos, Elena Herberger, and Paul Portner (eds), Crosslin-
guistic Research in Syntax and Semantics: Negation, Tense, and Cla usal Architecture.
Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 53-86.
- -and POlETTO, CECILIA (2004). 'Topic, focus, and Vr. defining the CP sublayers',
in Luigi Ri zzi (ed.), TIle Structure ofCP and IP: The Cartograplly of Syntactic Structures,
vol. 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 52-75.
Bennis, Hans, Pica, Pierre, and Rooryck, Johan (eds) (1997). Atomism and Binding. Dordrecht: Foris.
BENVENISTE, EMIL.E (1958). 'Les verbes delocutifs: Reprinted in Benveniste (1966b: 277-85).
- -(1966a). 'La construction passive du parfait transitif', in Benveniste (1996b: 176-86).
- -(I966b). Problimes de linguistique generale. Paris: Gallimard.
BENZ, ANTON (2003). 'Learning and diachronic laws for partial blocking', in Paw Dekker
and Robert van Rooij (eds), Proceedings of the 14th Amsterdam Colloquium, Amsterdam:
75-80.
BENZING, JOHANNES (1959). 'Das Tschuwaschische~ in J. Deny, K. G~nbech, H. Scheel, and
Z. V. Togan (eds), Philologiae Turcicae Frmdamenta, vol. 1. Wiesbaden: Steiner, 695-751BUG, THOMAS (1998). Linguistic Structure and Clumge.· An Explanation from Language
Proassing. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
BBRBEIRA GARDON, Jos£ LUIS (2008). 'Hacia un estudio lwco-pragmatico de la gramaticalizaci6n: convencionalizacion de inferencias y conceptos ad hoc, in M. L. Mora Millan
(ed. ), Cognicion lenguaje: estudios en 1I0menaje a Jose Luis Guijarro Morales. Cadiz:
Univesidad de cadiz, 19-44.
BBRGS, AlBXANDER (2005). Social Networks and Historical Sociolinguisfics: Studies in Morphosyntactic Variation rn the Paston Letters (142J-1503). Berlin: Mouton de Groyter.
BERMUDEZ-OTBRo, RICARDO, and PAYNE, JOHN (2011). 'There are no special ditics', in
Alexandra Galani, Glyn Hicks, and George Tsoulas (eds), Morphology and Its Interfaces.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 147-86.
BERNDT, ROL.F (1956). Form lind Funktion des Verbums im nordlichen Spiitaltellglischen.
Halle: Niemeyer.
BBRN INI, GIULIANO, and RAMAT, PAOLO (1996). Negative Sentences in tile lAnguages of
Europe: A Typological ApprOtlch. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
BBRTRAND, ROXANE, and CHANET, CATHERINE (2005). 'Fonctions pragmatiques et prosodie
de enfin en franpis spontane', Revue de Simantique et Pragmatique 17: 10/-19.
BBTHS, FRANK (1999). 'The history of dare and the status of unidirectionality', Linguistics
37.6: l069-mo.
BHAT, D. N. S. (2005). Pronouns. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
BIBBR, DOUGLAS (2004). 'H istorical patterns for the grammatical marking of stance: a
cross-register comparison', Journal of Historical Pragmatics 5.1: 107-36.
- - JOH ANSSON, STlG, LEECH, GEOFFREY, CoNRAD, SUSAN, and FINEGAN, EDWARD (1999).
Longman Grammar of Spoken alld Written English. London: Longman.
r
REFERENCES
803
BlBERAUER, THERESA (2009). 'Jespersen off course? The case of contemporary Afrikaans
negation', in van Gelderen (2009: 91-130).
BICKEL, BALTHASAR (1999). 'Nominalization and focus in some Kiranti languages', in
Y. Yadava and W. Glover (eds), Studies in Nepalese Linguistics. Kathmandu: RoyaJ
Nepal Academy, 271"""96.
- - and NICHOLS, JOHANNA (2007). 'Inflectional morphology~ in Shopen (2007:
iii.169-240).
BICKERTON, DEREK (1981). Roots of Language. Ann Arbor, MI: Karoma.
- - (1984). 'The language bioprogram hypothesis', Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7.2:
173- 221.
- -(1990). Language and Species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- - (1995). Language and Human Behavior. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
BISANG, WALTER (1992). Das Verb im Chinesischen, Hmong, Vietnamesischen, Thai und
Khmer. Ttibingen: NaIT.
- -(1996). 'Areal typology and grammaticalization: processes of grammaticalization based
on nouns and verbs in East and mainland South East Asian languages', Studies in
Language 20.3: 519-"97.
- -(1998). 'Grammaticalisation and language contact: construc!ions and positions', in
A. Giacalone Ramat and P. J. Hopper (eds), The Limits of Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 13--58.
--(1999). 'Classifiers in East and Southeast Asian languages: counting and beyond', in
Jadranka Gvozdanovic (ed.), Numeral Types and Changes Worldwide. Be~l in: Mouton de
Gruyter, u3-85.
- - (2004). 'Grammaticalization without coevolution of form and meaning: the case of
tense-aspect-modality in East and mainland Southeast Asia', in Walter Bisang, Nikolaus
P. Himmelmann, and Bjorn Wiemer (eds), What Makes Grammatiadization? A Look
From its Fringes and its Components. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 109-38.
- - (2006). 'South East Asia as a linguistic area', in Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of
Language alld Linguistics, vol. 11. Oxford: Elsevier, 587"""95.
--(2008a). 'Transcategoriality and argument structure in Late Archaic Chinese', in
Jaakko Leino (ed.), Constructional Reorganization. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 55--88.
--(2008b). 'Grammaticalization and the areal factor: the perspective of East and mainland Southeast Asian languages', in Lopez-Cousa and Seoane (2008: 15- 35).
- -(2009). 'On the evolution of complexity: sometimes less is more in East and mainland
Southeast Asia', in Geoffrey Sampson, David Gil, and Peter Trudgill (eds), Language
Complexity as an Evolving Variable. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 34- 49.
BLACK, CHERYL (2000). Quiegolani Zapotec. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
BLACKINGS, MAIRI, and FABB, NIGEL (2003). A Grammar of Ma'di. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter.
BLAKE, BARRY J. (2001). Case. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BLAKEMORE, DIANE (1987) . Semantic Constraints on Relevance. Oxford: Blackwell.
BLANK, ANDREAS (1997) . Prinzipien des lexikalischen Bedeutungswandels dargestellt an
romanischen Sprachen. Ttibingen: Niemeyer.
--(20ot). 'Pathways of lexicalization', in Martin Haspelmath, Ekkehard Konig, Wulf
Oesterreicher, and Wolfgang Raible (eds), Language Typology and Language Universals:
Ein internationales Handbuch. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1596--1608.
804
REFERENCES
re
BLASS, REGINA (1989). 'Grammatica1ization of interpretive use: the case of in Sissala',
Lingua 79: 299-326.
BLECKE, THOMAS (1996). Lexikalische Kategorien und grammatische Strukturen im Tigemaxo
(80zo, Mande). Cologne: Koppe.
BWTNER, REINHARD (2000). 'Some aspects of optimality in natural language interpretation', Journal of Semantics 17: 189-216.
BOAS, FRANZ (1938). 'Language', in Franz Boas (ed.), General Anthropology. Boston: Heath,
124-45·
BoLAND, ANNERIEKE (2006). Aspect, Tense and Modality: Theory, Typology, Acquisition.
Utrecht: WT.
BOLINGER, DWIGHT (1980). 'Wanna and the gradience of auxiliaries', in Gunter Brettschneider and Christian Lehmann (eds), Wege zur Universalienforschung: Sprachwissenschaftliche Beitrage zum 60. Geburtstag von Hansjakob Seiler. Tubingen: Narc, 292--9.
--(1989). Intonation and its Uses. London: Arnold.
BOLONYAI, AGNES (1998). ' In-between languages: language shift/maintenance in childhood
bilinguaJism: International Journal of Bilingualism 2: 21- 43.
BONET, EUu..L1A (1995). 'Feature structure of Romance ditics', Natural Language and
Linguistic TheorylJ.4: 607- 47.
Booij, Geert, Lehmann, Christian, Mugdan, Joachim, and Skopeteas, Stavros (eds) (2004) .
Morphology: A Handbook on Inflection and Word Formation, vol. 2. Berlin: de Gruyter,
119Q--1202.
Bopp, FRANZ (1833) . Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanskrit, Zend, Griechischell, lAteillischen,
Litauischen. Altslawischen, Gothischen und Deutschen, vol. 1. Berlin: Di.immler.
- - (1975{1816]) . Uher das Conjugationssystem thr Sanskritsprache in Vergleichung mit
jenem der griechischen, lateinischen. persischen und germanischen Sprache. Hildesheim:
Olms (reprint of the 1816 edn, Frankfurt/Main: Andreaische).
BORETZKY, NoiBERT (1983) . Kreolsprachen, Substrate und Sprachwandel. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
--(1989). 'Zum Interferenzverhalten des Romani', Zeitschrift fur Phonetik, Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung 42.3= 357-74- -Enninger, Werner, "and Stolz, Thomas (eds) (1989) . Beitriige zum 5. Essener Kolloquium
iiber 'Grammatikalisierung: Natiirlichkeit und Systemokonomie; vol. 1. Bochum: Brockmeyer.
BORGMAN, DONALD (1990). 'Sanuma: in D. Derbyshire and G. Pullum (eds), Handbook of
Amazonian Languages, vol. 2. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 15-248.
SORJARS, KERSTI (2003). 'Morphological status and (de) grammaticalisation: the Swedish
possessive', Nordic Journal of Linguistics 26.2: 133-63.
- - and HARRIES, PAULINE (2008). 'The ditic-affix distinction, historical change, and
Scandinavian bound definiteness marking', Journal of Germanic Linguistics 20-4: 289-350.
BoRODITSKY, LERA (2000). 'Metaphoric structuring: understanding time through spatial
metaphors', Cognition 75: 1- 28.
Bos, HELEN (1994). 'An auxiliary verb in sign language of the Netherlands', in 1. Ahlgren,
B. Bergman, and M. Brennan (eds), Perspectives on Sign Language Structure. Durham:
ISLA, 37- 53.
BOSCH, PETER (1983). Agreement and Anaphora: A Study of the Role of Pronouns in Syntax
and Discourse. New York: Academic Press.
BOTHA, RUDOLF P. (2003). Unravelling the Evolution of Language. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
REFERENCES
805
BOTNE, ROBERT (1995). 'The pronominal origin of an evidential: Diachronica 12: 201-21BOWERMAN, MELISSA (1985). 'What shapes children's grammars?', in Dan I. Slobin (ed.),
The Crosslinguistic Study of Language Acquisition, vol. 2: Theoretical Issues. HiUsdaJe, NJ:
Erlbaum, 1257- 1319.
BOYE, KASPER (2010). 'Semantic maps and the identification of cross-linguistic generic
categories', Linguistic Discovery 8.1: 4-22.
- - and HARDER, PETER (2007). 'Complement-taking predicates: usage and linguistic
structure', Studies in Language 31.3: 569--606.
- - -- (2009) . 'Evidentiality: linguistic categories and grammaticalization', FWlctions of
Language 16: 9-43.
- ---(submitted) . 'A usage-based theory of grammatical status and grammaticalization'.
BOYLAND, JOYCE T. (1996). 'Morphosyntactic change in progress: a psycholinguistic
approach', Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
BRAINE, MARTIN D. S. (1963) . 'The ontogeny of English phrase structure: the first phase',
Language 39: 1-14·
BRAUNMULLER, KURT (1991). Die skandinavischen Sprachen im Uberblick. Tiibingen:
Francke.
BREBAN, TIN£ (2008). 'Grammaticalization, subjectification, and leftward movement of
adjectives of difference in the noun phrase: Folia Linguistica 42: 259-306.
- - (2010). 'Reconstructing paths of secondary grammaticalization of same from emphasizing to phoric and nominal-aspectuaJ postdeterminer uses: Transacti.Q.ns of the Philological Society 108.1: 68-87.
BREITBARTH, ANNE (2009). 'A hybrid approach to Jespersen's Cycle in West Germanic',
Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 12: 81- 114.
BREMS, LIESELOTT£ (2007). 'The grammaticalization of small size nouns: reconsidering
frequency and analogy', Journal of English Linguistics 35: 293- 324.
BREU, WALTER (1988). 'Resultativitii.t, Perfekt und die Gliederung der Aspektdimension', in
,ochen Raecke (ed.), Siavistische Linguistik 1987. Munich: Sagner, 42- 74.
- - (1994). 'Der Faktor Sprachkontakt in einer dynamischen Typologie des Slavischen: in
Hans Robert Mehlig (ed.), Slnvistische Linguistik 1993. Munich: Sagner, 41-64.
- - (1998). 'Romanisches Adstrat im Moliseslavischen', Die Welt der Slaven 43: 339- 54--(1999). 'Die Komparation im Moliseslavischen', in Rene Metrich, Albert Hudlett, and
Heinz-Helmut Luger (eds), Des racines et des ailes: theories, modeIes, experiences en
linguistique et en didactique. Nancy: ANeA, 37-63.
- -(2003a). 'Der indefinite Artikel in slavischen Mikrosprachen: Grammatikalisierung im
totalen Sprachkontakt', in Holger KuBe (00.), SIavistische Linguistik 2001. Munich:
Sagner, 27-68.
- - (2003b). 'BilinguaJism and linguistic interference in the Slavic- Romance contact area
of Molise (southern Italy)" in Reglne Eckardt, Klaus von Heusinger, and Christoph
Schwarze (eds), Words in Time: Diachronic Se~antics from Different Points of View. Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter, 351- 73.
- - (2003C). 'Impersonales Neutrum im Moliseslavischen', in Sebastian Kempgen, Ulrich
Schweier, and Tilman Berger (eds), Rusistika, Slavistika, Lingvistika. Munich: Sagner,
57- 71.
- - (2004). 'Der definite Artikel in der obersorbischen Umgangssprache', in Marion
Krause and Christian Sappok (eds), SIavistische Linguistik 2002. Munich: Sagner, 9-57.
806
REFERENCES
BREv, WALTER (2008). 'Razvitie sistem artik1ej V slavjanskix mikrojazykax V absoljutnom
jazykovom kontakte', in Sebastian Kempen, Karl Gutschmidt, Ulrike Iekutsch, and Luger
Udolph (eds), Deutsche Beitrage xum 14, intemationalen Slavistenkongress. Ohrid 2008.
Munich: Sagner, 75-8f1.
--(to appear). 'The grammaticalization of an indefinite article in Slavic microlanguages', in Bjorn Wiemer, Bjorn Hansen, and Bernard Walchli (eds), Grammaticnl
Replicntion and Grammatical Borrowability in LAnguage Contilct. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter.
BRINTON, LAUREL I. (1988). The Developmellt of English Aspectual Systems: Aspectualizers
and Post-verbal Particles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - (1996). Pragmatic Markers in English: Grammaticalization arId Discourse Functions.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
--(20ot). 'From matrix clause to pragmatic marker: the history of look-forms: Journal of
Historical Pragmatics 2.2: 177-99.
--(2002). 'Grammaticalization versus laicalization reconsidered: on the "late" use of
temporal adverbs', in Teresa Fanego, Maria Jose Lopez-Couse, and Javier Perez-Guerra
(eds), English Historicnl Syntax and Morphology. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 67-97.
- -(2004). 'Subject clitics in English: a case of degrammaticalization?', in Lindquist and
Mair (20043: 227-56).
- - (2008a). '''Where grammar and lexis meet": composite predicates in English', in
LOpez-Couse and Secane (2008: 33-53).
--(2008b). The Comment Clause in English: Syntactic Origins and Pragmatic Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
--and AKIMOTO, MlNoJl (1999a). ' [ntroduction', in Brinton and Akimoto (1999C: 1- 20).
----(1999b). 'The origin of the composite predicate in Old English', in Brinton and
Akimoto (1999C: 21-58).
- - --(eds) (1999C). Collocational and Idiomatic Aspects of Composite Predicates in the
History of English. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -and TRAUGOTT, ELIZABETH CLOSS (2005). Lexicaliurtion aud Language Change.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
BROADWBLL, AARON (997). ' Binding theory and switch·reference', in Bennis et aI. (1997:
31-49).
--(2006). A Choctaw Reference Grammar. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
BROMHEAD, HELEN (2009). The Reign of Truth and Faith: Epistemic Expressions in 16th and
17th Century English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
BROW MAN, CATHERINE P.• and GOLDSTEIN, loUiS M. (1992). 'Articulatory phonology: an
overview', Phonetica 49: 155-80·
BRUNET, JACQUELINE (2006). Grammaire critiqlle de /'italien, vol. 15: U verbe 3: Les
subordonnies, suite et fin. Paris: Presses universitaires de Vincennes.
BRUYN, ADRIENNE (1996). 'On identifying instances of grammaticaJization in Creole
languages', in P. Baker and A. Syea (eds), Changing Meanings. Changing Funcricns.
London: University of Westminster Press, 29-46.
BOHUR, KARL (1982 [19341). Sprachtheorie: Die Darstellungsfimktion derSprache. Mit einem
Geleitwort von Friedrich J(Qinz. Stuttgart Fischer.
--(1990). Theory of Language: The Representational Function of LAnguage. Translated by
Donald Fraser Goodwin. Amsterdam: Benjamins. (Translation of Biihler 1934)
BURIDANT, CLAUDE (2000). Grammaire nouvelle de I'anciett franftlis. Paris: SEDES.
REFERENCES
807
BURLING, ROBBINS (2005) . The Talking Ape: How Language Evolved. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
BURRIOG£, KATE (1983) . 'On the development of Dutch negation', in Hans Bennis and
W. U. S. van Lessen Kloeke (eds), Linguistics in the Netherlands 1983. Dordrecht: Foris,
31- 40.
- - (1993). Syntactic Change in Germanic: Aspects of Language Change in Germanic with
Particular Reference to Middle Dutch. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(1995). 'From modal auxiliary to lexical verb: the curious case of Pennsylvania German
watte', in Richard M. Hogg and Linda van Bergen (eds), Historical Linguistics 1995, vol. 2:
Germanic Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 19-33.
- - (1998). 'From modal auxiliary to lexical verb: the curious case of Pennsylvania German
wone', in Richard M. Hogg and Linda van Bergen (eds), Historical Linguistics 1995, vol. 2:
Germanic Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 19-33.
BUTLER, CHRISTOPHER S. (2003) . Structure and Function: A Guide to Three Major Structur+
ai-Functional Theories. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
BYBEE, JOAN (1985). Morphology: A Study of the Relation Between Meanillg mid Form.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -(1998a). 'The emergent lexicon', Chicago Linguistic Society ~4: 421-35.
- - (1998b). 'Irrealis as a grammatical category', Anthropological Linguistics 40: 257-71.
- - (2000). 'Lexicalization of sound change and alternating engironments', in Michael
B. Broe and Janet Pierreh umbert (eds), Laboratory V: Language Acquisition and the
Lexicon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 250-68.
- - (2001). Phonology and Language Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
--(2002). 'Sequentiality as the basis of constituent structure', in Talmy Givon and
Bertram F. Malle (eds), The Evolution of Language out of Pre-language. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 109-34.
- -(2003). 'Mechanisms of change in grammaticization: the role of frequency', in Joseph
and Janda (2003: 602- 23).
- -(2006). 'From usage to grammar: the mind's response to repetition', Language 8204:
711-33·
- - (2007). Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
--(2008). 'Grammaticization: implications fo r a theory of language', in Jianshing Guo
et al. (eds), Crosslinguistic Approaches to the Psychology of Language: Research in the
Tradition of Dan Isaac Slobill. London: Taylor & Francism 345-56.
--(2009) . 'Language universals and usage-based theory', in Morten H. Christiansen,
Christopher Collins, and Shimon Edelman (eds), Language Universals. Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 17-39.
- - (2010) . Language, Usage and Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - and BECKNER, CLAY (2009). 'Usage·based theory, in Bernd Heine and Heiko Narrog
(eds), Handbook of Linguistic Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 827-55.
- -and DAH L, OSTEN (1989). 'The creation of tense and aspect systems in the languages of
the world: Studies in LAnguage 13.1: 51-103.
--and Fleischman, Suzanne (eds) (1995) . Modality in Grammar and Discourse.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--and Hopper, Paul J. (eds) (2001). Frequency mid the Emergence of Linguistic Structure.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
808
REFERENCES
BYBEE, JOAN, and PAGLIOCA, WILLIAM (1987). 'The evolution of future meaning', in
A. G. Ramal, O. Carruba, and G. Bernini (eds), Papers from the 7th International
Conference on Historictll LinguistiC5. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 109-22.
- - --and PERKINS, REVERE (1990). 'On the asymmetries in the affixation of grammatical material', in William Croft, Keith Denning, and Suzanne Kemmer (eds), Studies ill
Typology and Diachrony. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1- 42.
- - - - --(1991). 'Back to the future: in Traugott and Heine (199Ib: 17-58).
--PERKINS, REVERE, and PAGLIUCA, WILLIAM (1994). The Evolution of Grammar: Tense,
Aspect, and Modality in the LAnguages of the World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
--and SLODIN, DAN 1. (1982). 'Why small children cannot change language on their own:
suggestions from the English past tense', in Ahlqvist (1982: 29-37) .
--and TORRES CACOULLOS, RENA (2009). 'The role of prefabs in grammaticization: how
the particular and the general interact in language change', in Roberta 1. Corrigan, Edith
A. Moravcsik, Hamid Ouali, and Kathleen Wheatley (eds), Formulaic Language, voL I:
Distribution and Historical Change. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 187--217.
CAMPBELL, LYLE (1987). 'Syntactic change in Pipil', International Journal of American
LinguistiC5 53.3: 253-80.
--(ed.) (2001a). Grammaticalization: A Critical Assessment, special issue of Language
Sciences 23.2- 3.
- - (200lb). 'What's wrong with grammaticalization?', in Campbell (2001a: 113--61).
--and HARRIS, ALICE (1995). Historical Syntax in Cross-linguistic Perspective. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
- -KAUPMAN, TERRE,NCE, and SMITH-STARK, THOMAS C. (1986). 'Meso-America as a
linguistic area: Language 62.3: 530-70.
- - and JANDA, RICHARD (2001). 'Introduction: conceptions of grammaticalization and
their problems; in Campbell (200101: 93- Il2).
CAMPBELL, ROD (2004). 'Focus, classifiers, and quantificational typology: a brief acccount
of cardinal expressions in Early Inscriptional Chinese: in Ken-ichi Takashima and
Shaoyu Jiang (eels), Meaning and Form: Essays in Pre-modern Chinese Grammar. Munich:
Lincom: 19-42.
CANALE, W. M. (1978). 'Word order change in Old English: base reanalysis in generative
grammar', doctoral dissertation, University of Toronto.
CAO, GUANGSHUN (1995) . Jindai hanyu zhuci (Particles in modern Chinese). Beijing: Yuwen
Chubanshe.
--and LoNG GUOFU (2005). 'Zaitan zhonggu hanyu de chuzhishi' {On the MiddleChinese disposal construction again], Zhongguo Yuwen 4: 320-32.
--and Yu, HSIAO-lUNG (2000) . 'Zhonggu yijing zhong de chuzhishi' [Disposal constructions in medieval Chinese Buddhist transformation texts}, Zhongguo Yuwen 6: 555--63.
CAREY, KATH LEEN (1995). 'Subjectification and the development of the English perfect', in
D. Stein and S. Wright (eels), Subjectivity and Subjectivisation: Linguistic Perspectives.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 83- 102.
CARLlER, ANNE (2007). 'From preposition to article: the grammaticalization ofthe French
partitive', Studies in Language 31: 1-49.
--and DE MULDER, WALTER (2010). 'The emergence of the definite article in Late Latin
ille in competition with ipse~ in H. Cuyckens, L Van de Lanotte, and K. Davidse (eds),
Subjectijictltion, Intersubjectification and Grammaticalization. The Hague: Mouton de
Gruyter, 241-76.
REFF.RENCES
809
CARSTON, ROllYN (1002) . Thoughts and Utterances: The Pragmatics of Explicit Communication. Oxford: Blackwell.
- - (2004) . 'Truth-conditional content and conversational explicature: in Claudia Bianchi
(ed.), The Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction. Stanford, CA: CSLI, 65- 100.
CA1; C( CILE DE (2005) . 'French subject ditics are not agreement markers', Lingua 115:
IJ95- t219·
- -(2007). French Dislocation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
CATTELL, RAy (1984). Composite Predicates in English. Sydney: Academic Press.
CEEC .= The Corpus of Early English Correspondence.
CENNAMO, M1CHELA (2006). 'The rise and grammaticalization of Latin fieri and facere as
passive auxiliaries', in Werner Abraham and Larisa Leisio (eds), Passivization and 1)pology: Form and Function. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 31l- 36.
CHAFE, WALLACE (1982). 'Integration and involvement in speaking: writing and oral
literature: in Deborah Tannen (ed.), Spoken and Written Language: Exploring Orality
and Literacy. Norwood, NJ : Ablex, 35-53.
-
- (199 4). Discourse, ConscioU5ness, and Time: The Flow andd Displacement of Conscious
Experimce in Speaking and Writing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
--(1995) . 'The realis-irrealis distinction in Caddo, the northern Iroquoian languages,
and English', in Bybee and Fleischman (1995: 349-65).
- -and Nichols, Johanna (eds) (1986) . Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology.
Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
CIIAMBERS, f. K. Ct99S). Sociolinguistic Theory: Lillguistic Variation and its Social Significance. Oxford: BlackwelL
CHANG, FRJ..NKJ.lN (2008). 'Implicit learning as a mechanism of language change', TIIeoTe/ical Linguistics 34: US- 22.
CHAO, MILAGROS (2007) . 'Adjectives in - Iy and their homomorphic adverbs: measuring the
productivity of adjectival -iy', Proceedings of the 30th lmernational AEDEAN Conference.
Huelva (CD-ROM).
CHAO, YUEN-REN (1968). A Grammar of Spoken Chinese. Berkeley: University of California
Press.
CHAPMAN, DON, and SKOUSEN, RoYAL (2005). 'Analogical modeling and morphological
change: the case of the adjectival negative prefiX" in English', English Language and
Linguistics 9: 333- 57·
CHAPPELL, HI LARY (2006a). 'From Euroccntrism to Sinocentrism: the case of d isposal
constructions in Sinitic languages', in Felix Ameka, Alan Dench, and Nicholas Evans
(eds), Catchillg Language: The Standing Challenge of Grammar Writing. Berlin: Mouton
de Gruyter, 441-86.
- -(2006b). 'Language contact and areal diffusion in Sinitic languages: problems for
typology and genetic affiliation', in Aikhenvald and Dixon (1006: 328-57) .
- -(2007). 'Hanyu fangyan de chuzhi biaoj i de leixing' lA typology of object-marking
constructions: a pan-Sinitic view], Yuyanxue Luncong 36: 183- 209.
- - (2008). 'Variation in the grammaticalization of complementizers from verba dicendi in
Sinitic languages', Linguistic 1ypology 12: 45-98.
- -and PEYRAUBE, ALAIN (2006) . 'The analytic causatives of Early Modern Southern Min
in diachro nic perspective', in Dah-an Ho, H. Samuel Cheung, Wuyun Pan, and Fuxiang
Wu (eds), Linguistic Studies in Chinese and Neighboring Languages. Taipei: Academia
Sinica,973- 10ll.
810
REFERENCES
CHAPPELL, H ILARY, PEYRlr..UBE, ALA IN, and Wu, YUNJI (forthcoming). 'A comitative source
for object markers in Sinitic d isposal constructions: gen in the Waxiang language of
western Hunan', lounal of East Asian Linguistics.
CHAROLLES, MICHEL (1990). 'L'anaphore associative: probl~mes de de.limitation', Verbum
13: 119-48.
CHELLlAH, SHORHANA L. (1997). A Grammar of Meithei. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
CHEN, CHENJU (2008). 'A case study on the grammaticalization of adverbs of quantification
in Mandarin Chinese', paper from the conference 'New Reflections on Grammaticalizatio n 4: Leuven, July.
CHEN, CHUN-HUI (2005) . 'Bunpoka to shakuya: niho ngo ni okeru dashi no chiishikei 0
fukunda kochishi 0 rei ni' [Grammaticalization and borrowi ng: postpositions derived
from verbs in the base form as an example], Nihongo no KellkyQ 1.3: 12.3- 38. Chinese~ in
Jakko Leino (ed.), Constructions. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
CHIRIKBA, V/ACHESLAV (2.003). 'Evidential category and evidential strategy in Abkhaz', in
Aikhenvald and Dixon (2.003: 243-72.).
CHOMSKY, NOAM (1957). Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton.
- - (1965). Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: M IT Press.
--(1975). Reflections on LAnguage. Cambridge, MA: Pantheon.
--(1988). LAnguage and Problems of Knowledge. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
--(1m). TIle Minimalist Program. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
--(2004). 'Beyond explanatory adequacy', in Adriana Belleni (ed.), Structures and
Beyond. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 104-31.
- - (2.005). 'Three factors in language design: Linguistic Inquiry 36.1: 1-2.2..
- - (2.007). 'Approaching UG from below'. in Uli Sauerland et al. (eds), Interfaces +
Recursioll = LAllguage. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1-2.9.
--and HALLE, MORRIS (1968). The Sound Pattern of English. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
CHRISTIANSEN, MOR.TEN H ., and CHATER, NICK (2.008). 'Language as shaped by the brain',
Behavioral alld Brain Sciences 31.5: 489-508.
CHUNG, JAF.-YOUNG (1993) . 'A study on the grammaticalization of ciA syntagma in Middle
Korean', PhD dissertation, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Korea.
CHUNG. SANDRA, and TIMBERLAKE, ALAN (1985). 'Tense, aspC<t and mood', in Shopen
(1985: 2.02.-58).
CINQUE. GUGLlI!LMO (1999). Adverbs and Funeliollal Heads.' A Cross-lillguistic Perspective.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
--(2.004). '''Restructuring'' and funct ional structure', in A. Belletti (ed.), Structures and
Beyond, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 132.-91.
--and RIZZI. LUIG I (2.011). 'The cartography of syntactic structures', in Bernd Heine and
Heiko Narrog (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 51-65.
CINTRA, LUiz F. LINDLEY (1972.). Sobre formas de tratamenta na lit'gua portuguesa. Lisbon:
Livros Horizonte.
CLAPI: Corpus de langues pariees en interaction: http://dapi.univ-lyom.fr
CI..A.RK, EVE V., and CARPENTER, KATH IE L. (1989). 'The notion of source in language
acquisition', Language 65: 1- 30.
CI.ARK, HERBI!RT H. (1996). Using Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
CI.ARIDGI!, CLAUDIA (2.000). Multi-word Verbs ill Early Modem Ellglish. Amsterdam:
Rodopi.
REFERENCES
811
CLAUSON, SIR GERARD (1972). All Etymological Dictionary of Pre· Thirteenth-Century Turk·
ish. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
CLEMENTS, GEORGE N. (1975). 'The logophoric pronoun in Ewe: its role in discourse',
Journal of West African Languages 10: 141- 77.
CLMET: Corpus of Late Modern English Texts. Compiled by Hendrik de Smet. http://
perswww.kuleuven.be/-uoo444 28
CLOAREC-HEISS, FRANCE (1969). Les modalires personnelles dans quelques langues oubanguienlles: discours direcr-discours indirect. Paris: SELAF (Societe des Etudes Linguistiques
et Anthropologiques de France).
CLOSS, ELIZA8RTH (1965). 'Diachronic syntax and generative grammar', Language 41.3: 402-15.
CLYNE, MICHAEL (1967) . Transference and Triggering. The Hague: Mouton.
COATES, JENNIFER (1983). The Sema/lties of Modal Auxiliaries. London: Croon Helm.
CoATES, RICH ARO (1987). 'Pragmatic sources of analogical reformation', Journal of Linguistics 23: 319-40.
COCA= Corpus of Contemporary American English.
COLEMAN, ROBERT (1987). 'Latin and the Italic languages', in B. Comrie (ed.), The World's
Major Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 180-202.
COLLINGE, NEVILLE (1985). The Laws of Indo -European. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
CoMRIE, BERNARD (1976). Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related
Problems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - (1998). 'Reference tracking: description and explanation', Sprachtypologie und Univer·
salienforschung 52.1: 335- 46.
CONRADIE, C JAC (2003) 'The iconicity of Afrikaans reduplication', in Muller and Fischer
(2003: 203- 24).
CoPPOLA, MARIE, and SENGHAS, ANN (2010). 'Getting to the point: the emergence of deoos
in Nicaraguan signing', in D. Brentari (ed.), Sign Languages: A Cambridge Language
Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 543- 69.
CoRBETT, GREVILLE (1991). Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - (1994). 'Gender and gender systems', in R. Asher (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Language
and Linguistics. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1347- 1353.
- -and Noonan, Michael (eds) (2008). Case and Grammatical Relations. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
Corpus of Early English Correspondence (1998). Compiled by Terttu Nevalainen, Helena
Raumolin-Bru nberg, Jukka Keranen, Minna Nevala, Arja Nurm i, and Minna Palander·
Collin at the Department of English. University of Helsinki.
Corrigan. Roberta L., Moravcsik, Edith A., Ouali, Hamid. and Wheatley, Kathleen (eds)
(2009). Formulaic Lallguage, voL 1: Distributioll and Historical Change. Amsterdam:
Benjuamins.
COSERlU, EUGENIO (1957). Sincrollia, diacronia e historia: el problema del cambio lingiiist1co.
Madrid: Gredos.
COUPER-KuHLllN, ELIZABETH (1996). 'Intonation and clause combining in discourse: the
case of because', PragmatiC5 6.3: 389- 426.
- - and ONO, TSUYOSHI (2007). "'Incrementing" in conversation: a comparison of
practices in English, German and Japanese', Pragmatics 17.4: 513-52.
--and THOMPSON, SANDRA A. (2000). 'Concessive patterns in conversation', in Elizabeth
Couper-Kuhlen and Bernd Kortmann (eds), Cause, Conditiot!, Concession, and Contrast:
Cognitive and Discourse Perspectives. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 381-410.
812
REFERENCES
COUPER-KuHLEN, ELiUBETH, and THOMPSON, SANDRA A. (2005) . 'A linguistic practice for
retracting overstatements: "concessive repair"', in A. Hakulinen and M. Selting (eds),
Syntax and uxis in Conversation: Studies on the Use of Linguistic Resources in Talk-in Interaction. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 257--88.
-
- - -(2008). 'On assessing situations and events in conversation: "extraposition" and
its relatives', Discourse Studies 10-4: 443--67.
CoWIE, CLAIRE (1995). 'Grammaticalization and the snowball effect (review of Grammaticalization [1993])', Language and Communication 15.2: 181--93.
CRAIG, COLETTE (1986a). 'Introduction', in Craig (1986b: 1-10).
- - (ed.) (1986b). Noun Classes and Categorization: Proceedings of a Symposium on Categoriultion and Noun Classification, Eugene, Oregon, October 198J. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(1991) 'Ways to go in Rama: a case study in polygrammaticalization: in Traugott and
Heine (1991h: 455--92).
--and HALE, KENNETH (1988). 'Relational preverbs in some languages of the Americas',
Language 64: 312-44.
CREISSELS, DENIS (2006). 'Suffixes casuels et postpositions en hongrois', Bulletin de la
Societe de Linguistique de Paris 101.1: 225-72.
CRIPPEN, JAMES (2010). 'Lingit Yoo X'atingi: a grammar of the TIingit language', MS.
CRISTOFARO, SoNIA (2003). Subordination. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- - (2004). 'Past habituals and irrealis', in Lander et al. (2004: 256-72).
CROFT. WILLIAM (1991a). Syntactic Categories and Grammatical Relations: The Cognitive
Orgatlization of Information. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- - (199Ib). 'The evolution of negation', Journal of Linguistics 27: 1-27.
- -(1995). 'Autonomy and functionalist linguistics', Language 71: 490-532.
- - (2000). Explaining Language Change: An Evolutionary Appproach. London: Longman.
-
- (2001). Ra4ical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
--(2006). 'The relevance of an evolutionary model to historical linguistics', in Ole
Nedergard Thomsen (ed.), Different Models ofLinguisric Change. Amsterdam: Benjamins,
91-132.
_
--(2008). 'Evolutionary linguistics: in W. Durham, D. Brenneis, and P. Ellison (eds),
Annual Review of Anthropology, vol. 37. Palo Alto. CA: Annual Reviews, 219-34.
--(2010). The origins of grammaticalization in the verbalization of experience', Cognitive
Linguistics 48: 1-48.
-
- and CRUSE, D. A. (2004). Cognitive Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University
P"".
--and POOLE, KEITH T. (2008). 'Inferring universals from grammatical variation: multidimensional scaling for typological analysis', Theoretical Linguistics 34: 1-37.
CRUSCHINA, SILVIO (2009). 'Discourse-related features and the syntax of peripheral positions: a comparative study of Sicilian and other Romance languages: doctoral thesis,
University of Cambridge.
CRUTTENDEN, ALAN (1997). Intonation, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
CULICOVER, PETER (2008). 'The rise and fall of constructions and the history of English dosupport', Journal of Germanic Linguistics 20.1: 1-52.
CUZZQLlN, PIERLUIGI. PUTZU, IGNAZIO, and RAMAT, PAOLO (2006). 'The Indo-European
adverb in diachronic and typological perspective', Indogermanische Forschungen 111: 1-38.
REFERENCE S
813
CYSOUW, MICHAEL (:W03). The Paradigmatic Structure of Person Marking. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
--(2004). 'Interrogative words: an exercise in lexical typology. Typescript.
- -(2006). Review of Bhat (200S). Journal of Linguistics 42·3: 697-70).
- -(2010). 'Semantic maps as metrics on meaning', Linguistic Discovery 8.1: 7Q-9S.
DA MILANO, FEDERICA (2007). 'Demonstratives in the languages of Europe: in P. Ramat
and E. Roma (eds), Europe and the Mediterranean as Linguistic Areas: Convergences from a
Historical and Typological Perspective. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2S-47.
DAHL, OSTEN (1979). 'Typology of sentence negation', Linguistics 17: 79-106.
--(198S). Tense atld Aspect Systems. Oxford: Blackwell.
--(ed.) (2000). Tense and Aspect in the Languages of Europe (Empirical Approaches to
Language Typology, Eurotyp, 20-6). BerlinINew York: Mouton de Gruyter.
- - (2001). 'Grammaticalization and the life cycles of constructions', Rask Colloquium,
Odense, supplement 14: 91-13).
- - (2004). The Growth and Maintenance of Linguistic Complexity. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (2008). 'Grammatical resources and linguistic complexity: Siriono as a language
without NP coordination', in Matti Miestamo, Kaius Sinnemiiki, and Fred Karlsson
(eds), Language Complexity: Typology, Contact, Change. Amsterdam: Benjamins, IS3-63.
--(2009). 'Two pathways of grammatical evolution', in Givon and Shibatani (2009:
239-48).
DANYLENICO, ANDRII (to appear). 'Is there any inflectional future in East Slavic? A case of
Ukrainian against Romance reopen~', in Osten Dahl, Bridget Driaka, Lujan Martinez,
and Eugenio Ramon (cds), Dating Dialectal Chang~ in Grammariall Caiegori~ in Indo-
European.
DARWIN, CHARLES (1968[1859]). The Origin ofSpeci~. London: Pengl,j.in.
DASHBR, RICHARD B. (1995). 'Grammatica1ization in the system of Japanese predicate
honorifics', PhD, Stanford University.
DAWKINS, R. M. (1916). Modern Greek in Asia Minor. Cambruidge: Cambridge University
Press.
DBACON, TBRRENCE W. (1997). The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the
Brain. New York: Norton.
DB ACOSTA, D. (2006). 'HAVB + PERFECT PARTICIPLB in Romance English: synchrony and
diachrony', dissertation, ComeU University.
DECHAINB, ROSB-MARIB, and WILTSCHlCo, MARTINA (2002). 'Decomposing pronoWlS',
Linguistic Inquiry 33-3: 409-42.
DB CoNDILLAC, ETIBNNE BONNOT (1746). Essai sur lbrigine des connaissances humaines.
Paris.
DB HAAN, FERDINAND (1999). 'Evidentiality and epistemic modality: setting boundaries',
Southw~t Journal of Linguistics 18: 83-102.
- -(2006). 'Typological approaches to modality', in Frawley (2006: 27-69) .
--(2010). 'Building a semantic map: top-down versus bonom-up approaches~ Linguistic
Discovery 8.1: 102- 17.
DBHE, NICOLE, and WICHMANN, ANNE (2010a). 'The multifunctionality of epistemic
parenthetics1 in discourse: prosodic cues to the semantic-pragmatic boundary', Functions
of Language.
814
REFERENCES
DEHE, NICOLE, and WICHMANN, ANNE (2010b). 'Sentence-initial I think (that) and I believe
(that): prosodic evidenc for use as main clause, comment clause and discourse marker',
Studies in Language.
DE KOK, ANS (1985) . La place du pronom personnel regime cojoint en franfais: une etude
diachronique. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
DELANCEY, SCOTT (1986). <Evidentiality and volitionality in Tibetan', in Chafe and Nichols
(1986: 203- 13).
- - (1991). <Chronological strata of suffix classes in the Klamath verb: International Journal
of American Linguistics 57: 426-45·
- -(1997). 'Grammaticalization and the gradience of categories: relator nouns and postpositions in Tibetan and Burmese', in Joan Bybee, John Haiman, and Sandra
A. Thompson (eds), Essays on Language Function and Language Type. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 51- 69.
- - (1999a). 'Lexical prefixes and the bipartite stem construction in Klamath', International
Journal of American Linguistics 65·1: 56-83.
- -(1991b). <Relativization inTibetan', in Yogendra Yadava and Warren Glover (eds),
Studies in Nepalese Linguistics. Kathmandu: Royal Nepal Academy, 231-49.
- - (2003). 'Location and direction in Klamath', in Erin Shay and Uwe Seibert (eds),
Motion, Direction, and Location in Languages. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 59-90.
- - (2005). 'Adposition as a non-universal category', in Zygmunt Frajzyngier et aI. (eds),
Linguistic Diversity and Language Theories. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 185- 202.
- - (to appear). 'Finite structures from clausal nominalization inTibeto-Burman', in
F. H. Yap and J. Wrona (eds), Nominalization in Asian Languages: Diachronic and
Typologica~ vol. 1: Sino-Tibetan and Iranian Languages. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
DE MULDER, WALTER (2008). 'Grammaticalization, metonymie et pertinence', in J. Durand,
B. Habert, and B. Laks (eels), COllgres Mondial de Linguistique Frallfaise. Paris: Institut de
Linguistique-Fram;aise, 359-65.
- - and CARLIER, ANNE (2006). <Du demonstratif a I'article defini: Ie cas de ceen fran(j:ais
moderne', Langue franfaise 152.: 96-113.
DE SMET, HENDRIK (2009). 'Analysing reanalysis', Lingua 119: 1728--55.
- -(forthcoming) . <Grammatical interference: subject marker for and phrasal verb particles out and fortH, in Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale (eds), Gradualness,
Gradimce and Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 75- 104.
DETGES, ULRICH (1999). 'Wie entsteht Grammatik? Kognitive aund pragmatische Determinanten der Grammatika1isierung von Tempusmarkem', in J. Lang and I. NeumannHolzschuh (eds), Reanalyse und Grammatikalisierung in der romanischen Sprachen.
Tiibingen: Niemeyer, 31- 52.
--(2000). <Time and truth: the grammaticalization of resultatives and perfects within a
theory of subjectification', Studies in Language 24.2: 345- 77.
- -(2001). 'Grammatikalisierung: Eine kognitiv-pragmatische Theorie', habilitation thesis, University of Tiibingen.
- - (2004). 'How cognitive is grammaticalization? The history of the Catalan perfet
perifrastic, in Fischer et aI. (2004: 211-27).
- - (2006). 'The passe compose in Old French and the old Spanish perfecto compuesto', in
K. Eksell and T. Vinther (eds), Change in Verbal Systems: Issues on Explanation. Berlin:
Lang, 47-71.
REFERENCES
815
- -and WALTEREIT, RICHARD (2002). 'Grammaticalization vs. reanalysis: a semanticpragmatic account of functional change in grammar', Zeitschrift fur Sprachwissenschaft
21: 151--95.
DEUTSCHER, Guy (2000). Syntactic Change in Akkadian: The Evolution of Sentential Com plementation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
--(2005). The Unfolding of Language: An Evolutionary Tour of Mankind's Greatest
Invention. New York: Metropolitan Books.
DEVOS, MAUD, and VAN DER AUWERA, JOHAN (2009). 'Jespersen Cycles in Bantu: double
and triple negation'. MS.
DICKINSON, CONNIE (2000). 'Mirativity in Tsafiki', Studies in Language 24: 379-421.
DIEssEL, HOLGER (1999). Demomtratives: Form, Function, and Grammaticaliultion. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -(2004). The Acquisition ofComplex Sentences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- -(in press). 'Where do grammatical morphemes come from? On the development of
grammatical markers from lexical expressions, demonstratives, and question words', in
Kristin Davidse, Tine Breban, Lieselotte Brems, and Tanja Mortelmans (eds), New
Reflections on Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins: http://www.holger-diessel.
d,/
- - and TOMASELLO, MICHAEL (2001). 'The acquisition of finite complement clauses in
English: a corpus-based analysis', Cognitive Linguistics 12: 97- 141.
DIEWALD, GABRIELE (1991). Deixis und Textsorten im Deutschen. Tlibingen: Niemeyer.
- -(2001) . 'A basic semantic template for lexical and grammaticalized uses of the German
modals', Belgian Journal of Linguistics 14 (special issue, Modal Verb in Germanic and
Romance Languages', ed. Johan van def Auwera and Patrick Dendal), 23- 41.
- -(2002). 'A model for relevant types of contexts in grammaticalizati9n', in Wischer and
Diewald (2002: 103- 20).
- -(2006). 'Discourse particles and modal particles as grammatical elements', in Kerstin
Fischer (ed.), Approaches to Discourse Particles. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 403- 25.
- - (2007) . 'On some problem areas in grammaticalization theory-and a suggestion how
to tackle them', paper presented at the conference 'What's New in Grammaticalization?',
Free University Berlin, 11-12 May.
- - (in press). 'On some problem areas in grammaticalization theory', in Ekkehard Konig,
Elke Gehweiler, and Katerina Stathi (eds), What's New in Grammaticalization? Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - and FERRARESI, GISELI.A (2008). 'Semantic, syntactic and constructional restrictions
in the diachronic rise of modal particles in German: a corpus-based study in the
formation of a grammaticalization channel', in LOpez-Couso and Seoane (2008: 77-110) .
DIK, SIMON (1968). Coordination: Its Implications for the Theory of General Linguistics.
Amsterdam: North-Holland.
DIXON, R. M. w. (1982). Where Have All the Adjectives Gone? Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- - (2003). 'Evidentiality in Jarawara: in Aikhenvald and Dixon (2003: 165-88).
- - (2004). The Jarawara Language of Southern Amazonia. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
- - and Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. (eds) (2002). Word: A Cross-linguistic Typology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
816
REFEREN CES
DOEC: Dictionary of Old English Web Corpus, ed. Antonette diPaolo H ealey: http://www.
doe.uto ronto.calpub/webcorpus.html
DoBRFBR, GERHARD (1967). Thrkische und mongolische Elemfmte im Neupersischen unter
besonderer .8eriicksichtigung alterer neupersischer Gesdlichtsquellen, vor aI/em der
Mongolen- Ilnd Timuridenzeit, 3. Wiesbaden: Steiner.
- - (1977). 'Zu tiirkisch bana "mir", sana "dir"', Central Asiatic Journal 1.1: 1.08-14.
- - (1987). 'Eine sonderbare Stelle bei MattmUd al-KUgari', Central Asiatic Journal 31:
199-1.08.
DOSTiE, GAETA-NE (1.004). Pragmaticalisation er marqueurs discursifs: allalyse semantique et
traitemeflt lexicogmphique. Brussels: De Boeck-Duculol.
DOWNING, PAMELA (1996). Numeral Classifier Systems: The Case of Japanese. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
DOYLB, AIDA N (1.001.). 'Yesterday's affixes as today's clitics: a case-study in degrammaticali:z.ation', in Wischer and Diewald (1.001.: 67-81).
DRACHMAN, GEBERELL (1978). 'Child language and language change: a conjecture and some
refutatio ns', in Jacek Fisiak (ed.), Recent Development in HistoriCQI Phonology. Berlin;
Mouton de Gruyter, 11.3-44.
DREER, IGOR (1.007). Expressing the Same by the Different: The Subjunctive vs the Indicative
in French Amsterdam: Benjamins.
DROCOURT, ZHITANG (993). 'Analyse syntaxique des expressio ns quantitatives en chlnois
archaique', Cahiers de Linguistique--Asie Orientale 1.1.1.: 1.17-37.
DRYER, MATTHEW S. (1989). 'Article-noun order', Chicago Linguistic Society 25: 83--97.
- - (1991.). 'The Greenbergian word order correlations', Language 68: 81-1}!.
--(1.005). ' Definite articles', in Haspelmath et al. (2005: 154-7).
--(2008). 'Negative morphemes', in Haspelmath et a1. (2008 online: ch. 111.).
Du BoIS, J ~HN W., SCHUETZE-CoBURN, STEPHAN, CUMMING, SUSANNA, and PAOI.1NO,
DANAI!. (1993). 'Outline of discourse transcription', in Jane A. Edwards and Martin
D. Lampert (eds), Talking Data; Transcription and Coding Methods for Discourse Research.
Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 4s-89.
DYeR, NANCY JOE (1?72). 'A study of the Old Spanish adverb in -mente', Hispanic Review
40: 303-8.
t . KISS, KATAI.1N (1.002). The Syntax of Hungarian. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
EBSRT, KAREN H. (1970). ' Referenz, Sprechsituation und die bestimmten Artikel in einem
nordfriesischen Dialekt', dissertation, Kie1, BraistlBredstedt, Nordfriisk lnstitut.
Referenz., Sprachsituation und die bestimmten Artikel in einem nordfriesischen
Dialekt. Bredstedt: Nordfriisk Instituut, Studien und Materialen 4.
- - (1971).
--(1998). 'Genussynkretismus im Nordseeraum: die Resistenz des Fering', in Wilfried
Boeder et al. (eds). Sprache in Raum und Zeit, vol. 2. Tubingen: Nan, .269--31.
EcKARDT, REGINE (1.001). 'Reanalysing selbst', Na tural Language Semantics 9: 371-41.2.
--(1.003). 'Eine Runde im ,espersen-Zyklus', University of Ko nstanz: http://www.ub.unikonstanz.de/kopslvolltextt'l200Y991
--(2006). Meaning Change in GrammaticaliUHion: An Enquiry infO Semantic Reanalysis.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
--(2008). 'Concept priming in language change~ Theoretical LillguistiC5 34: 11.3-34
REFERENCES
817
- - (2009) . 'The real, the ap parent, and what is eigentlich~ in B. Behrens and C. Fabricius
Hansen (eds), Structuring Informariorl irl Discourse: 'The Explicit/Implicit Dimerlsion.
University of Oslo.
- - (in preparation). 'APO: Avoid Pragmatic Overload: in Maj-Britt Mosegaard-Hansen
and Jacqueline Visconti (eds), CUrrerlt Trends in DiachrOllic Semarltics and Pragmatics.
Bingley: Emerald.
EEPF: Early English Prose Fiction, ed. Holger Klein, David Margolies, and Janet Todd
(Chadwyck-Healey): http://coUections.chadwyck.comlhomelhome_eepf.jsp
ELLEG.ho, ALVAR (1953). The Auxiliary do: The Establishment and Regulation of its Use Irl
Erlglish. Stockholm : Almqvist & WikseU.
ELLIOTT, JENNi fER R. (2000). 'Realis and irrealis: forms and concepts of the grammaticalisation of reality', Linguistic Typology 4: 55--90.
ELLIS, NICK C. (1996). 'Sequencing in SLA: phonological memory. chunki ng and points of
order', Studies Irl Second umguage Acquisition 18: 91- 126.
EI.SIG, MARTIN, and POPLACK, SHANA (2009). 'Synchron ic variation in diachronic perspective: question fo rmation in Q uebec French', in Andreas Dufter, J. Fleischer, and G. Seiler
(eds), Describing arid Modelirlg Variation in Grammar. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
255-70.
ENPlElD, NICHOUS JAMES (2003). Lirlguistic Epidemiology: Semarltics and Grammar of
Language Contact in Mainland Southeast Asia. London: Routledge Curzon.
- - (2007). A Grammar of Lao. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- -and Stivers, Tanya (eds) (2007). Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural and
Social Perspectives. Cam bridge: Cambridge University Press.
ENGDAHL, ELiSABET (1999). 'The choice between bli-passive and s-passive in Danish,
Norwegia n and Swedish', NORDSEM Report 3: http://www.ling.gu ..sel- engdahllpassiv-w
Epps, PATIENCE (2005). 'Areal diffusion and the development of evidentiality: evidence
from Hup', Studies in Language 29: 617-50.
- - (in preparatio n). 'On directionality in language change: the case of productive deaffixation in Hup'.
EpSTEIN, RICHARD (1993). 'The definite article: early stages of development', in J. van Marie
(ed.), Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 111-34.
- - (2002). 'The definite article, accessibility, and the constructio n o f discourse referents',
Cognitive Linguistics 12: 333- 78.
ERMAN, BRITT and KOTSINAS, UU A-BRITT (1993) . 'Pragmaticalization: the case of ba' and
you know', Studier i Modemsprakvetenskap 10. Stockholm: Almqvist & WikseU, 76""""93.
- -and WARREN, BEATRICE (2000). 'The idiom principle and the open choice principle',
Text 20: 29-62.
ESPINAL, MARI A-TERESA (1993). 'The interpretation of no-pas in Catalan', Journal of
Pragmatics 19: 353--69.
EVANS, NICOLAS (2007). 'Insubordination and its uses', in Irina Nikolaeva (ed.), Finiteness:
Theoretical and Empirical Foundations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 366--431.
- -and Wn .KINS, DAVID (2000). ' In the mind's ear: the semantic extensions of perception
verbs in Australian languages', Language 76: 546""""92.
EVANS, VYVYAN, and GREEN, MELANIE (2006). Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction.
Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
FAARLUND, JAN TERIE (1990) . Syntactic Change: Toward a Theory of Historical Syntax.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
818
REFERENCES
FAARLUND, JAN TERJE (2000) . 'Reanalysis in word order stability and change', in Rosanna
Sornicola, Erich Popper, and Ariel Shisha-Halevy, with Paola Como (eds), Stability,
Variation and Change of Word-Order Pattems over Time. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 119-32.
- -(Z007)· 'Parameterization and change in non-finite complementation', Diachronica 24,
1: 57-80.
- - (2009) . 'On the history of defini teness marking in Scandinavian', Journal of Linguistics
45·3: 617- 39.
FAGERLI, OLE TORFINN (2001). 'Malefactive by means of GJVE', in Hanne Gram Sim onsen
and Rolf Theil Endresen (cds), A Cognitive approach to the Verb: Morpholoog/cal and
Constructional Perspectives. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, Z03-22.
FAINGOLD, EDUARDO D. (2003). The Development of Grammar in Spanish and the Romance
LAnguages. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
FALK, HJALMAR, and TORP, ALF (1910). Norwegisches-Diinisches etymologisches Wc.irterbuch.
Heidelberg: W inter.
FARACLAS, NICHOLAS G. (19S7). 'Creolization and the tense-aspect-modality system of
Nigerian Pidgin', Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 9·1: 45-59.
FAUCONNIER, GILLES, and TURNER, MARK (2002). The Way We Think: Conceptual Blendillg
Qlld the Mind's Hiddetl Complexities. New York: Basic Books.
FIENGO, ROBERT, and MAY, ROBERT (1994). Indices and Identity. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press.
- - - -(1995) . 'Response to William's review of Indices and Identity', Language 71:
794- 801.
FILLMORE, CHARLES J. (1975). Santa Cruz Lectures on Deixis. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Cl"ub.
FIORENTI NO, GIULIANA (1999). Relativa debole: sitltassi, 1150, storia in italiano. Milan: Angeli.
FISCHER, OLGA (1999). 'On the role played by iconicity in grammaticalization processes~ in
Max Nanny -and O lga Fischer (eds), Form Mimillg MeQlling. Amsterdam: Benjamins,
345-74·
- -(2000). 'Grammaticalisation: unidirectional, non-reversable? The case of to before the
infinitive in English', in Olga Fischer, Anette Rosenbach, and Dieter Stein (eds), Pathways
of Change: Grammaiicalization in English. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 149-69.
--(2007). Morphosyntactic Change: Flmctional and Formal Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
- - (200S). 'On analogy as the motivation for grammaticalization', Studies in Language
32.2: 336-82.
- -(2009). 'Grammaticalization as analogically driven change?', VIEW{Zj: Vienna English
Workitlg Papers IS.1.: 3- 23.
- -and ROSENBACH. ANETTE (2000) . 'Introduction', in Olga Fischer, Anette Rosenbach,
and Dieter Stein (eds), Pathways of Change: Grammaticalization in English. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 1- 37.
- - Norde, Muriel, and Perridon, Harry (eds) (2004). ' Introductio n', in Up and Down the
Cline: The Nature of Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 1-16.
FISCHI!R, SUSAN (1996). 'The role of agreement and auxiliaries in sign language', Lingua 98:
103-20.
- - and GOUGH, BONNIE (1972[1999]). 'Some unfinished thoughts on FINISH', Sign
LAtlguage and Linguistics 2: 67- 77.
REFERENCES
- - and LILLO-MARTIN, DIANE (1990) . 'Understanding
conjunctions~
819
International Jour-
tlal of Sign Linguistics I: 71-80.
FITNEVA. STANKA A. (2001). ' Epistemic marking and reliability judgements: evidence from
Bulgarian', Journal of Pragmatics 33: 401-20.
FITZMAURICE. SUSAN (2000). 'Remarks on de-grammaticalization of infinitival to in p resent-day American English', in Olga Fischer. Anette Rosenbach. and Dieter Stein (eds),
Pathways of Change: Grammaticalization in English. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 171- 86.
FLEISCHMAN, SUZANNE (1982). The Future in Thought and Language: Diachronic Evidence
from Romance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - (1989) . Temporal distance: a basic linguistic metaphor. Studies in Latlguage 13.1: I-50
- - (1995). 'Imperfective and irrealis: in Bybee and Fleischman (1995; 519-51).
FLORES FARFAN, JosE ANTONIO (2004). 'Notes on Nahuatl typological change~ Sprachtyp%gie und UniversaIienforschung 57: 85--97.
FOLEY, WILLIAM A., and VAN VALIN, ROBERT D., JR (1984). Functional Syntax and Universal
Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
FONSECA-GREBER, BONNIBBTH BEALE (2007). 'The emergence of emphatic ne in conversational Swiss French', Journal of French Language Studies 17: 249- 75.
FONTANA, JOSEP (1997). 'On the integration of second position phenomena~ in van Kemenade and Vincent (1997: 207-49) .
FORD, CECILIA E. (1993) . Grammar in Interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
FORTESCUE, MICHAEL (1984). West Greenlandic. London: Croom Helm.
--(1993). 'Eskimo word order variation and its contact-induced perturbation', Journal of
Linguistics 29: 267- 89.
- - (2003). 'Evidentiality in West Greenlandic: a case of scattered coding', in Aikhenvald
and Dixon (2003: 291-306).
FORTUIN, EGBERT (2008). 'Polisemija imperativa v russkom jazyke', Voprosy jazykoznanija 1:
]-23·
Fox, BARBARA A., and THOMPSON, SANDRA A. (2007). 'Relative clauses in English conversation: relativiizers. frequency, and the notion of construction', Studies in Language 31;
293- 326.
FRAJZYNGIER, ZYGMUNT (1985). 'Logophoric systems in Chadie', Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 7: 23- 37.
- -(1989a). A grammar of Pero. Berlin: Reimer.
-(1989b). 'Three kinds of anaphors', in Isabelle Haik and Laurice Tuller (eds), Current
Progress in African Linguistics. Dordrecht: Faris, 194-216.
- - {1991}. 'The de dicto domain in language~ in Traugott and Heine (199Ia: 219-51).
- - {1993}. A grammar of Mupun. Berlin: Reimer.
- - (1996a) Grammaticalization of the Complex Sentence: A Case Study in Chadic.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(1996b). 'On sources of demonstratives and anaphors: in B. Fox (ed.), Studies in
Anaphora. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 169-203.
--(1997). 'Pronouns and agreement: systems interaction in the coding of reference~ in
Bennis et aI. (1997: 115- 4Q) .
-(2001). A Grammar of Lele. Stanford, CA: CSLI.
- ( i n press). Grammar ofWandala. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
-and JIRSA, BILL (2006) . 'The principle of indirect means in language use and language
structure: Journal of Pragmatics 38.4: 513-42.
820
REFERENCES
fRAJZYNGIER, ZYGMUNT, and JOHNSTON, ERIC, with EDWARDS, ADRIAN (2005). A Grammar
of Mina. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- -and SHAY, ERIN (2002). A Grammar of Hdi. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
----(2003). Explaining Language Stmcture through Systems Illteraction. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
FRANTEXT: Frantext: http://www.frantext.fr
FRANZEN, TORSTEN (1939). Etude sur /a syntaxe des pronoms personnels sujets en ancien
framiais. Uppsala: Almqvist & WikseU.
FRASER, BRUCE (1990). 'An approach to discourse markers', Journal of Pragmatics 14: 383-95.
Frawley, William (ed.) (2006). The Expression of Modality. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
FRIED, MIRIAM (2008). 'Constructions and constructs: mapping a shift between predication
and attribution', in A. Bergs and G. Dicwald (eds), Constructions and Language Change.
Berlin; Mouton de Gruyter, 47- 79.
FRIEDMAN, VICTOR A. (2003). 'Evidentiality in the Balkans with special attention to
Macedonian and Albanian', in Aikhenvald and Dixon (2003: 189-218).
FRIES, CHARLES C. (1940) . 'On the development of the structural use of word-order in
Modern English', Language 16: 199-208.
FRISCH, STEFAN (1997). 'The change in negation in Middle English: a NEGP licensing
account', Lingua 101: 21-{)4.
FRISHBERG, NANCY (1975). 'Arbitrariness and iconicity: historical change in American Sign
Language: Language 51: 696-719·
FUJII, SEIKO (2000). 'Incipient decategorialization of mono and grammaticalization of
speaker attitude in Japanese discourse', in Gisle Andersen and Thorsten Fretheim (eds),
Pragmatic Markers and Propositional Attitude. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 85-117.
FUB, ERIC (2005). The Rise of Agreement. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
GAilY, ROSE (2006). 'A grammar of Kuuk Thaayorre: PhD thesis, University of Melbourne.
GACHELJN, JE AN-MARC (1997). 'The progressive and habitual aspects in non-standard
Englishes', in Edward Schneider (cd.) , Englishes AroUlld the World. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 33- 46.
GAMON, DAVID (\993). 'On the development of epistemicity in the German modal verbs
magen and mussert, Folia Linguistica Historica 14.1- 2: 125-76.
GAVEL, HENRI, and LACOMBE, GEORGES (1929- 37). Grammaire Basque 1 et 11. Bayonne:
Imprimerie de 13 'Presse'.
GELDEREN, ELLY VAN (1993). The Rise of Functional Categories. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (2000). A History of English Reflexive Pronouns. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(2004). Grammaticalization as Economy. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(2008) . 'Where did Late Merge go? Grammaticalization as feature economy', Studia
Linguistica: 287- 300 .
--(ed.) (2009). Cyclical Change. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(2011). The Linguistic Cycle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
GllLL-MANN, MURRAY (1994). The Quark and the Jaguar: Adventures in the Simple and the
Complex. London: Little, Brown.
GELUYKENS, RONALD (1987). 'Tails (right-dislocations) as a repair mechanism in English
conversation', in J. Nuyts (ed.), GeNing One's Words into Line. Dordrecht: Foris: 119-29.
--(1992). From Discourse Process to Grammatical Construction: On Left-Dislocation in
English. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
REfERENCES
821
GENETTI, CAROL (1986). 'The development of subordinators from postpositions in Bodic
languages', in Vassiliki Nikifo ridou et aL (eds), Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Meeting
of the Berkeley Linguistic Society, February 15-17, 387~400.
- - (1991) ' From postposition to subordinator in Newari', in Traugott and Heine (1991a:
227--55).
GEORG, S. (1996). Marphatan Thakali. Munich: Lincom.
GEURTS, BART (2oooa). 'Explaininggrammatica1ization (the standard way)', Linguistics38.4:
781--98.
--(2000b). 'Function o r fashion? Reply to Martin Haspelmath', Linguistics 38.6: 1175-80.
GIACALONE RAMAT, ANNA (1998). 'Testing the boundaries of grammaticalization', in Anna
Giacalone Ramat and Paul Hopper (eds), The Limits ofGrammaticalization. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 107-27.
--(2008). 'Areal convergence in grammatica1ization processes', in LOpez-Couse and
Seoane (2008: lz9-"67).
- - and HOPPER, PAUL J. (1998). ' Introduction', in Anna Giacalone Ramat and Paul
J. Hopper (eds), The Limits ofGrammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1-11.
- -and MAURI, CATERINA (z008). ' From cause to contrast: a study in semantic change: in
Elisabeth Verhoeven et aL (eds), Studies on Grammaticaliz.ation. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter, 303-21.
----(20093). Introduction to the workshop 'Grammaticalization Between Semantics
and Pragmatics', Pavia, February. MS.
----(2009b). 'Dalla continuita temporale al contrasto: la grammalicalizzazione di
tuttavia come connettivo coordinativo', in A. Ferrari (ed.), Sintassi storica e sincronia
dell'italiano: subordinazione, coordinazione, giustapposi.zion~ Florence: Cesati, voL 1,
449-470.
- - - - (in press). 'Dalla continuita temporale al contrasto: la grammaticalizzazione di
tuttavia come connettivo avversativo', in Proceedings of the SILFI (Societa di Linguistica
e di Filologia Iraliana), July, Basel.
GIGER, M. (2003). ' Die Grammatikalisierung des Rezipientenpassivs im Tschechischen,
Slovakischen und Sorbischen', in P. seriot (ed.), Contributions suisses au XIIIe COtlgres
mondial des slavisres aLjubljana, aout 2003. Bern: Lang, 79-102.
Gil., DAV ID (2009). 'How much grammar does it take to sail a boat?', in Sampson et aL
(2009): 19-33·
Giles, J. A. (ed.) (1969(t858j). The Whole Works of King Alfred the Great, vols 1 and 2. New
York: AMS Press.
GISBQRNE, NIKOLAS (2010). The Event Structure of Perception Verbs. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
GivaN, TALMY (1971). 'Historical syntax and synchronic morphology', Chicago Linguistic
Society Proceedings 7: 394-415.
--(197]). 'The time-axis phenomenon', lAnguage 49: 890-925.
--(1975). 'Negation in language: pragmatics, function, ontology', Working Papers on
Language Universals 18: 59-u6.
- - (1976). 'Topic, pronoun, and grammatical agreement', in Li (1976: 151-88).
--(1978). 'Negation in language', in Peter Cole (ed.), Pragmatics. New York..: Academic
Press, 69-1l2.
- - (1979). On Understanding Grammar. New York: Academic Press.
822
REFERENCES
- - (1982). 'Tense-aspect modality: the creole proto-type and beyond', in P. J. Hopper
(ed.), Tense-Aspect: Between Semantics and Pragmatics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 115-63.
- - (1983). Topic Continuity in Discourse: An Introduction.. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (1984) . Syntax, vol. I. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -(199Ia). 'The evolution of dependent clause morpho-syntax in Biblical Hebrew', in
Traugott and Heine (199Ib: 257- 310).
- - (1991b) . 'Serial verbs and the mental reality of «event": grammatical versus congnitive
packaging', in E. C Traugott and B. Heine (eds), Approaches to Grammaticalization, vol.
1. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 8t- 127.
GIVClN, TALMY (1994). 'Irrealis and the subjunctive', Studies in Language 18: 265--337.
--(1995) Functionalism and Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (2000). 'Internal reconstruction: as method, as theory', in Spike Gildea (ed.), Recon-
structing
Grammar:
Comparative
Linguistics
and
Grammaticalization.
Amsterdam: Benjamins: 107- 59.
- - (2001). Syntax, vol. 1, 2nd edn. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (2002). Bio-linguistics: The Santa Barbara Lectures. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (2009) . The Genesis of Syntactic Complexity. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - and Malle, Bertram F. (eds) (2002). The Evolution of Language out of Pre-language.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -and Shibatani, Masayoshi (eds) (2009). Syntactic Complexity: Diachrony, Acquisition,
Neuro-Cognjtjon, Evolution. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - and YANG, LYNNE (1994). 'The rise of the English GET-passive', in Barbara Fox and Paul
J. Hopper (eds), Voice: Form and Functum. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 119-49.
GLARE, P. (1977). Oxford Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
GLUCK, SUSANNE, and PFAU, ROLAND (1998). 'On classifying classification as a class of
inflection in German Sign Language; in T. Cambier-Langeveld, A. Liptak, and
M. Redford (eds), Proceedings of ConSole 6. Leiden: SOLE, 59-74.
GOFFMAN, ERVING (1974). Frame Analysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
GOt.*B, ZBIGNIEW (1956). 'The concept of isogrammatism', Buletin Polskiego Towarzystwa
Jezykoznawczego 15: 1- 12.
GOLDJlERG, ADELE (1995). -Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument
Structure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- - (2006). Constructions at Work. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
GOOSSENS, Lools (1982) . 'On the development of modals and of epistemic function in
English', in Ahlqvist (1982: 74- 84).
- - (1987). 'The auxiliari7.ation of the English modals: a functional grammar view', in
Martin Harris and Paolo Ramat (eds), Historical Development of Auxiliaries. Berlin: de
Gruyter, 111- 43.
- - (1999). 'Metonymic bridges in modal shifts: in Klaus-Uwe Panther and Giinter
Radden (eds), Metonymy in Language and Thought. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 193-210.
- - (2000). 'Patterns of meaning extension, "parallel chaining", subjectification, and
modal shifts', in A. Barcelona (ed.), Metaphor and Metonymy at the Crossroads: A
Cognitive PeT$pective. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 149-69.
GaRBETT, LARRY (1974) A Grammar of Diguefio Nomina/s. New York: Garland.
GORDON, LYNN (1986) . 'The development of evidentials in Maricopa', in Chafe and Nichols
(1986: 75- 88).
REFERENCES
823
GOTTI, MAURIZIO, DOSSENA, MARINA, DURl', RICHARD, FACCHINETTI, ROBERTA, and LIMA,
MARIA (2002). Variation in Central Modals: A Repertoire of Forms and Types of Usage in
Middle English and Early Modern English. Bern: Lang.
GOYENS, MICHELE, LAMIROY, BUTRICE, and MELlS, Luoo (2002). 'Deplacement et repositionnement de la preposition '3.' en fran"fais', Linguisticae Investigationes 25.2: 275-)10.
GRAVES, NINA (2000). 'Macedonian: a language with three perfects?', in Osten Dahl (ed.),
Tense and Aspect in the LAnguages of Europe. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 479-94.
GREEN, DAVID (1998). 'Mental control of the bilinguallexico-semantic system', Bilingualism: Language and Cognition I: 67-81GREEN, JOHN (1987). 'The evolution of Romance auxiliaries: criteria and chronology', in
Martin Harris and Paolo Ramat (eds), The Historical Development of Auxiliaries. Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyte r, 255-67.
GREENBERG, JOSEPH H. (1957). Essays in Linguistics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
--(1963) . 'Some universals of grammar with particular reference to the order of meaningfuJ elements', in Universals of LAnguages. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 58-90.
--(1966). Language Universals, with Special Reference to Feature Hierarchies. The Hague:
Mouton.
- - (1978) . 'How does a language acquire gender markers?', In Joseph H. Greenberg,
Charles A. Ferguson, and Edith A. Moravcsik (eds), Universa-Is of Human Language,
vol. 3: Word Strncture. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 47- S2.
- - (1991). 'The last stages of grammatical elements: contractive and expansive desemanticization', in Traugott and Heine (1991a: 301- 14).
GREVISSE-GoOSSE, ANDRE (2007). Le Bon Usage. Brussels: Duculot- De Boeck.
GRICE, H . PAUL (1957). 'Meaning', Philosophical Review 66: 377-SS.
--(1975). 'Logic and conversation', in Peter Cole and Jerry L. Morgan (eds), Speech Acts.
New York: Academic Press, 41-5S.
GRIES, STEFAN, and STEFANOWITSCH, ANATOL (2004). 'Extending collostructional analysis:
a corpus-based perspective on "alternations"~ Journal of Corpus Linguistics 9: 97-129.
GRONEMEYER, C. (1997). 'Evidentiality in Lithuanian', Working Papers 46: 93-112, Lund
University, Department of Linguistics.
GSELL, Orro, and WANDRUSZKA, ULRICH (19&». Der romanische Konjunkriv. Tlibingen: Niemeyer.
Guentcheva. Zlatka (ed.) (1996). L'Enonciation mediatisee. Louvain: Peeters.
GUILLAUME, ANTOINE (2.(04). 'A grammar ofCavinefia, an Amazonian language of northern Bolivia', PhD thesis, La Trobe University.
GULOEMANN, TOM (2.003) . 'Grammaticalization', in Derek Nurse and Gerard Philippson
(eds), The Bantu Languages. London: Routledge, IS2-94.
--(200S). Quotative Indexes in African languages: A Synchronic and Diachronic Survey.
Berlin: Mo uton de Gruyter.
GUNDEL, J. K., HEDBERG, N., and ZACHARSKI, R. (1993). 'Cognitive status and the fo rm of
referring expressions in discourse: Language 69: 274-307.
GUNLOGSON, CHRISTINE (2001). 'Third person object prefixes in Babine~Wi tsuwit'en',
International Journal of American Linguistics 67·4: 365-95.
GUNTHNER, SUSANNE (t996). 'From subordination to coodination? Verb-second position
in German causal and concessive constructions', Pragmatics 6.3: 323-71- - (1999). 'Entwickelt sich der Konzessivkonnektor obwohI zum Diskursmarker? Gram matikalisierungstendenzen im gesprochenen Deutsch', Linguistische Berichte ISO: 409-46.
824
REFERENCES
--(2000). 'From concessive connector to discourse marker: thc use of obwohlin everyday
German interaction', in Bernd Kortmann and Elizabeth Couper- Kuhlen (cds), CauseCondition-Concession - Contrast. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 439-68.
- - (2008) . "'Die Sache ist ... ~: eine Projektorkonstruktion im gesprochenen Deutsch',
Zeitschrijt fur Sprachwissenschaft 27·1: 39-72.
-
-and MUTZ, I0.TRIN (2004). 'Grammaticalization vs. pragmaticalization? The development of pragmatic markers in German and Italian', in Walter Bisang, Nikolaus
P. Himmelmann, and Bjorn Wiemer (cds), What Makes Grammaticalization?A Look
from its Fringes and its Components. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, n-107.
GUSSEN"HOVEN, CARLOS ( 2004). The Phonology of Tone and Intonation . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
H AAS, FLORIAN (2007). 'T he development of English each other: grammaticalization,
lexicalization, or both?', English Language and Linguistics 1.1: 31-50.
HAASE, MARTIN (1992) . Sprachkontakt und Sprachwandel im Baskenlaud: die EinflUsse des
Gaskognischen und Franzosischen auf das Bashsche. Hamburg: Buske.
I"iAGEGE, CLAUDE (1974). 'Les pronoms logophoriques', Bulletin de la Societe de Linguistique
de Paris 69.1: 287- 310.
- - (1982). La structure des langues. Paris: Presses Universitaire de France.
- -(1985). Les categories de Ia langue palau (Micronesie), une curiosire typologique. Munich:
Fink.
HAIMAN, JOHN (1978). 'Conditionals are topics', Language 54: 564-89·
- - (1980). Hua: A Papuan language of the Eastern Highlands of New Guinea. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
- (1983). 'On some o rigins of switch reference marking', in John Haiman and Pamela
Munro (eds), Switch Reference and Universal Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 105- 128.
- -(1985). Natural Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- -(1994). 'Ritualization and the development of language', in Pagliuca (1994: 3-28).
--(1999). 'Auxiliation in Khmer: the case of baan: Studies in Llwguage 23.1: 149- 72.
- -(in preparation). A Grammar of Khmer. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -and Thompson, Sandra A. (eds) (1988). Clause Combining in Grammar and Discourse.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
HALE, KEN (1973). 'Person marking in Warlhiri', in Stephen Anderson and Paul Kiparsky
(cds), A Festschrift for Morris Hal/e. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 308- 44.
--(2001). 'Navajo verb stem position and the bipartite structure of the Navajo conjunct
sector', Linguistic Inquiry ):1-4: 678-93.
HA LE, MARK (1998). 'Diachronic syntax', Syntax 1: 1- 18.
HALL, CHRISTOPHER J. (1992) . Morphology and Mind: A Unified Approach to Explanation
in Linguistics. London: Routledge.
HAlt, TRACY A. (1999). 'The phonological word: a review', in Tracy A. Hall and Ursula
Kleinhenz (eds), Studies on the Phonological Word. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1- 22.
HAlLAN, NAOMI (2001) . 'Paths to prepositions? A corpus-based study of the acquisition of a
lexico-grammatical category', in Bybee and Hopper (2001: 91-120).
HAllE, MORRIS (1962). 'Phonology in generative grammar: Word 18: 54- 72.
HALli DAY, MICHAEL, and HASAN, RUQAIA (1976). Cohesion in English. London: Longman.
HAN, TONG-WAN (1986). 'A diachronic study on the Korean past tense -ess', Journal of
-
Korean Linguistics 15: 217- 48.
REFERENCE S
825
HANAZONO, SATORU (1999). 'Jokenkei fukugo yogen keishiki no nintei' [The acknowledgement of complex predicate forms based on conditionalsl, Kokugogaku 197: 39-53.
HANSEN, BJORN (20ot). Das slavische Modalauxiliar (Semantik und Grammatikalisierung
im Russischen, Polnischen, Serbischetl/Kroatischen und Altkirchetlslavischen). Munich:
Sagner.
--(2004). 'Modals and the boundaries of grammaticalization: the case of Russian, Polish
and Serbian- Croatian', in Walter Bisang, Nikolaus P. Himmelmann, and Bjorn Wiemer
(eds), What Makes Grammaticalization? A Look from its Fringes and its Components.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 245-70.
--(2009). 'Modals/Modalauxiliare: in Sebastian Kempgen, Peter Kosta, Tilman Berger,
and Ka rl Gutschmidt (eds), The Slavic Languages: An International Handbook of Their
History, Their Structure and Their Investigation. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 468-83.
HANSEN, ANNA BERIT, and MALDEREZ, ISABELLE (2003/4). 'Le ne de negation en region
parisienne: une etude en temps reel', Langage et societe 107: S- 30.
HANSEN, MAl-BRITT MOSEGAARD (1998a). 'La grammaticalisation de I'interaction, ou,
Pour une approche polysemique de I'adverbe "bien"', Revue de Simantique et Pragmatique 4: 111-38.
- - (1998b) . The Function of Discourse Particles: A Study with Special Reference to Spoken
Standard French. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -(ZOOS). 'From prepositional phrase to hesitation marker', Journal of Historical Pragmatics 6.1: 37- 68.
- - (zo08) . Particles at the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface: Synchronic and Diachronic
Issues. A Study with Special Reference to the French Phasal Adverbs. Bingley: Emerald.
- -(2009). 'The grammaticalization of negative reinforcers in Old and Middle French: a
discourse-functional approach', in Maj-Britt Mosegaard Hansen and Jacqueline Visconti
(eds), Curretlt Trends in Diachronic Semantics and Pragmatics. Bingley: Emerald.
- - (forthcoming). 'A pragmatic approach to historical semantics, with special reference
to markers of clausal negation in Medievel French', in Kathryn AUan and Justyna
Robinson (eds), Current Methods in Historical Semantics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- -and VISCONTI, JACQUELINE (2009). 'On the diachrony of "reinforced" negation in
French and Italian', in Corinne Rossari, Claudia Ricci, and Adriana Spiridon (eds),
Grammaticalization and Pragmatics: Facts, Approaches, Theoretical Issues. Bingley: Emerald,137-71.
HARRIS, ALICE c. (1981). Georgian Syntax: A Study in Relational Grammar. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
- -and CAMPBELL, LYLE (199S). Historical Syntax in Cross-linguistic Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
HARRIS, MARTIN (1978). The Evolution of French Syntax: A Comparative Approach. London:
Longman.
- -(1980a). 'Noun phrases and verb phrases in Romance', Transactions of the Philological
Sodety 78: 62-80.
- -(1980b). 'The marking of definiteness in Romance', in J. Fisiak (ed.), Historical
Morphology. The Hague: Mouton, 141-S6.
- - (198:la). 'The "past simple" and the "present perfect" in Romance', in N. Vincent and
M. Harris (eds), Studies in the Romance Verb. London: Croon Helm, 42- 70.
- - (1982b). The Evolution of French Syntax: A Comparative Approach. London: Longman.
826
RBFERBNCI:!S
HARTMANN, DIETRICH (1982). 'Deixis and anaphora in German dialects: the semantics and
pragmatics of two definite articles in dialectal varieties: in J. Weissenborn and W. Klein
(eds), Here and There: Cross-Linguistic Studies on Deixis and Demonstration. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 187-207.
HASER, VERENA, and KORTMANN, BERND (2006). 'Adverbs', in Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edn. Oxford: Elsevier.
HASPELMATH, MARTIN (1989). 'From purposive to infinitive: a universal path of grammaticalization', Folia Linguistica Historica 10: 287-310.
- - (1990). 'The grammaticization of passive morphology: Studies in Language 14.1: 25-72.
- - (1993). A Grammar of Lezgian. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
HASPELMATH, MARTIN (1997). From Space to Time: Temporal Adverbials in the World's
Languages. Munich: Lincom Europa.
- - (1998). ' Does grammaticalization need reanalysis?', Studies in Language 22: 315- 51.
--(1999). 'Why is grammaticalization irreversible?: Linguistics 37: 1034-68.
- -(2000). 'The relevance of extravagance: a reply to Bart Geurts', Linguistics 38: 789-98.
- -(2003). 'The geometry of grammatical meaning: semantic maps and cross-linguistic
comparison', in Michael Tomasello (ed.), The New Psychology of Language, vol. 2.
Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 211-43.
- - (20043). 'Coordinating constructions: an ovetview', in Martin Haspelmath (ed.),
Coordinating Constructions. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 3-39.
- - (2004b). 'On directionality in language change with particular reference to grammaticalization', in Fischer et al. (2004: 17- 44).
- -(2007). 'Coor~ination', in Shopen (2007: 1- 51).
- -(2009). 'The agglutination hypothesis: a belated empirical investigation', in Sergio
Scalise, Elisabetta Magni, and Antonietta Bisetto (eds), Universals of Language Today.
Berlin: Spripger, 13-29.
--(2011). 'The indeterminacy of word segmentation and the nature of morphology and
syntax', Folia Linguistica 45.1: 31-80.
- -DRYER, MATTHEW S., GIL, DAVID, and COMRIE, BERNARD (eds) (2005). The World
Atlas of Language ~tructures. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Also published byMax
Planck Digital Library (Munich, 2008).
- - and KONIG, EKKEHARD (1998). 'Concessive conditionals in the languages of Europe', in
Johan van der Auwera (ed.), Adverbial Constructions in the Languages of Europe. Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter, 563-640.
HAUGEN, EINAR (1950) . 'The analysis of linguistic borrowing', Language 26: 210-3l.
- -( 1982). Scandinavian Language Structures: A Comparative Historical Survey. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
HAUGEN, JASON (2008). Morphology at the Interfaces. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
HAWKINS, JOHN A. (1978). Definiteness and Indefiniteness: A Study in Reference and GrammaticaIity Prediction. London: Croom Helm.
- - (1983). Word Order Universals. New York: Academic.
- - (1991). 'On (in)definite articles: implicatures and (un)grammaticality prediction',
Journal of Linguistics 27: 405- 42.
--(1994). A Performance Theory of Order and Constituency. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
REFERENCES
827
- - (2004). Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
HAY, JENNIFER (2001). 'Lexical frequency in morphology: is everything relative?', Linguistics
39: 1041- 70.
HEATH, JEFFREY (1984). 'Language contact and language change', Annual Review of Anthropology 13: 367-84.
HEINE, BERND (1982). 'African noun class systems', in Hansjakob Seiler and Christian
Lehmann (eds), Apprehension: Das sprachliche Eifassen von Gegenstiinden, part 1: Bereich
und Ordnung der Phiinomene. Tubingen: Narr, 18<)-216.
- -(1989). 'Adpositions in African languages', Linguistique Africaine 2: 77-127.
- - (1992). 'Grammaticalization chains', Swdies in LAnguage 16: 335- 68.
- -(1993) Auxiliaries: Cognitive Forces and Grammaticalization. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
- - (1994). 'Grammmaticalization as an explanatory parameter; in Pagliuca (1994:
255-87)·
- -(1995). 'Agent oriented vs. epistemic modality: some observations on German modals',
in Bybee and Fleischman (1995: 17-53).
- - (1997a). 'GrammaticaJization theory and its relevance for African linguistics: in Robert
K. Herbert (ed.), African Linguistics at the Crossroads. Cologne: Koppe, 1-15.
- -(1997b). Cognitive Foundations of Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- -(1997C). Possession: Sources, Forces, and Grammaticalizatiot!. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
- - (1998). 'On explaining grammar: the grammaticalization of have-constructions', Theoretical Linguistics 24.1: 2<)-41.
- - (2000). 'Polysemy involving reflexive and reciprocal markers in African languages', in
Zygmunt Frajzyngier and Traci S. Curl (eds), Reciprocals: Forms and Functions. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1-29.
- -(2002). 'On the role of context in grammaticalization', in Wischer and Diewald (2002:
83-101).
- -(2003a). 'On degrammaticalization', in Barry Blake and Kate Burridge (eds), Historical
Linguistics 2001. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 163- 79.
- - (Z003b). 'Grammaticalization; in Joseph and Janda (Z003: 575-601).
- - (Z005). 'On reflexive forms in creoles', Lingua 115: 201-57.
- - (2007). 'Grammaticalization space> time > text', handout d istributed at the workshop
on 'Grammaticalization of the Discourse and Grammar Research Group', Universidade
Federal do Rio de Janeiro.
- - (2008). 'Grammaticalization of cases: in Malchukov and Spencer (2008: 458- 79).
- -(2009). 'Complexity via expansion', in Givon and Shibatani (2009: 23- 51).
- -CLAUDI, ULRIKE, and HUNNEMEYER, FRIEDERIKE (1991). Grammaticali2ation: A Conceptual Framework. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
--and KONIG, CHRISTA (ZOI0). 'On the linear o rder of ditransitive objects: Lallguage
Sciences 32: 87-131.
- - --(forthcoming). The !Xun Language: A Dialect Grammar. Cologne: Koppe.
- -and KUTEVA, TANIA (Z002). World Lexicon of Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - -- (2003). 'On contact- induced grammaticalization', Studies in Language 27= 5Z<)-72.
- -- - (2005) Language Contact and Grammatical Change. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
828
REFERENCES
----(2006). The Changing LAnguages of Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- - -- (2007). The Genesis of Grammar: A Reconstruction. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
- --(2009). 'The genesis of grammar: on combining no uns', in Rudie Botha and
Henriette de Swart (eds), LAnguage Evolution: The View from Restricted Linguistic Systems. Utrecht: W T (Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics), 139-77.
- -and MIYASHITA, H IROYUKI (2008a). 'The intersection between reflexives and reciprocals: a grammaticalization perspective~ in Ekkehard Konig and Volker Gast (eds),
Reciprocals and Reflexives: Theoretical and Typological Explorations. Berli n: Mouton de
Gruyer, 169-223.
HEINE, BERND, and MIYASH ITA, HIROYUKI (2008b). 'Accounting fo r a functio nal category:
German drohen "to threaten"', LAngl/age Sciences 30.3: 53- 101.
- -and NARROG, H EIKO (2010). 'Grammaticalization and linguistic analysis', in Bernd
Heine and Heiko Narrog (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis. Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 401- 23.
- - and REH, MECHTHI LD (1982). Patterns of Grammaticalization in African Languages.
Institut fUr Sprachwissenschaft, UniversitiH zu lCOln.
- - - -(1984). Grammaticalization and Reanalysis in African Languages. Ham burg:
Buske.
- -and SoNG, KYUNG-AN (2010). 'On the genesis of personal pro nouns: some conceptual
sources', LAnguage and Cognition 2.1: 117-48.
- - - - {forthcoming). 'On the grammaticalization of persona] p ronouns~ Journal of
-
Linguistics.
H EINRICHS, H EINRIC.H M. (1954). Studien zum bestimmten Artikel in den germanischen
Sprachen. Giessen: Schmitz.
H ELTOFT, LARS (2006) . 'Grammaticalisation as content reanalysis: the modal character of
the Danish S-passive~ in Ole N. Thomsen (ed.), Competing Models of Linguistic Change:
Evolution and Beyond. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 268-88.
HENGEVELD, KEES (1989). 'Layers and operators in Functional Grammar', Journal of
Linguistics 25.1: 127-57.
- - (1992). Non -verbal Fredication: Theory, Typology, Diachrony. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- - (2004). 'Mood and modality', in Booij et al. (2004: ii.1190--1202).
- - and MACKENZIE, I. LACHLAN (2008). Functional Discourse Grammar: A TypologicallyBased Theory of Language Structure. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- - - - (2010). ' Functional Discourse Grammar', in Bernd Heine and Heiko Narrog
(eds), The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press,
367- 400.
H ENRIKSEN, CAROL, and VAN DER AUWERA, IOHAN (1994). 'The Germanic languages', in
Ekkehard Konig and lohan van der Auwera (eds), The Germanic Languages. London:
Ro utledge, 1-18.
H ERMAN, 16zSEF (1989). 'Accusativus cum infinitivo et subordonne a quod, quia en latin
tardif. nouvelles remarques sur un vieux probleme', in G. Calboli (ed.), Subordination and
Other Topics in LAtin. Amsterdam: Eenjamins, 133-52.
- -(2000). Vulgar LAtin. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
H ERSLUND, MICHAEL (2001) . 'The Danish s-genitive: from affix to cl iti c~ Acta Linguistica
Hafniensia 33: 7-18.
REFERENCES
829
H EWITT, BRIAN GEORCE (1987) . The Typology of Subordination in Georgian and Abkhaz.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
HIGASHIIZUMI. YUKO (2006). From a Subordinate Clause to an lndependtmt Clause: A
History of English because-Clause and Japanese kara-Clause. Tokyo: Hituzi Syobo.
H ILL, JANE (1987). 'Spanish as a pronominal argument language: the Spanish interlanguage
of Mexicano speakers: Coyote Papers 6: 68--90.
H ILPERT, MARTIN (2006). 'Auxiliaries in spoken Sinhala', Functions of Language 13.2: 259-8)--(2007). 'Germanic future constructions: a usage-based approach to grammaticalization: PhD thesis, Rice University.
--(2008 ). Germanic Future Constructions: A Usage-Based Approach to Language Change.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(to appear). 'Diachronic collostructional analysis: how to use it, and how to deal with
confounding factors', in Kathryn Allan and Justyna Robinson (eds). Current Methods in
Historical Sema ntics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- - and Koops, CHRISTIAN (2008). 'A quantitative approach to the development of
complex predicates: the case of Swedish pseudo-coordination with siNa ..sit·... Diaehro-
Iliea 25.2: 242-61.
HILTUNEN. RiSTO (1999). 'Verbal phrases and phrasal verbs in Early Modem English'. in
Brinton and Akimoto (1999C: 13)-65).
•
H IMMELMANN, NIKOLAUS P. (1992). Grammatiealiuuioll alld Grammar. Institut fur Sprachwissenschaft. Universitat zu KOln.
- - (1997). Deiktikon, Artikel, Nominalphrase: zur Emergenz syntaktischer Struktur. TUbingen: Niemeyer.
- -(2001). 'Articles'. in M. Haspelmath. E. Konig, and W. Oesterreicher (eds), Ltmguage
Typology and umguage Universals. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 831- 41.
--(2004). 'Lexica1ization and grammaticization: opposite or orthogonal?: in Walter
Bisang. Nikolaus P. Himmelmann. and Bjorn Wiemer (eds), What Makes Grammaticalization? A Look from jts Fringes and its Componellts. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 21-42.
H INO, SUKENARI (2001). Keishikigo no Kenkyu. BWlpbka no Riroll to OyfJ [Research on
formal words: grammatica1ization theory and its application ]. Fukuoka: KyUshu Daigaku
Shuppankai.
- -(2006). 'Keishikigo no ima-mukashi' [Past and present offormal words]. Nihongogaku
25·12: 46-61.
HIRSCHBERC. JULIA, and LITMAN, DIANE (1993). 'Empirical studies on disambiguation of
cue phrases', Computational Linguistics 19: 501- 30.
HJ£LMSLI!V. LoUIS h966[1943)). Omkring sprogteoriens grundl~else. Copenhagen:
K0benhavns Universitet.
Ho, MIAN LIAN. and PUTT, JOHN T. (1993). Dynamics of a Contact Continuum. Oxford:
Clarendon Press.
HODGE, CARLETON (1970). 'The linguistic cycle'. Linguistic Sciences 13: 1-7.
HOEFLER, STEFAN, and SMITH, ANDREW D. M. (2008). 'Reanalysis vs. metaphor: what
grammaticalisation can tell us about language evolution'. in Andrew D. M. Smith . Kenny
Smith, and Ramon Ferrer I Cancho (eds). The: Evolution of LangllQge (EVOLANG) 7,
Rome. World Scientific: 163-70.
----(2009). ' The pre-linguistic basis of grammaticalisalion: a unified approach to
metaphor and reanalysis'. Studies in Language 33.4: 883-906.
830
REFE R ENCES
HOFFMANN, SEllASTIAN (2005). Grammaticalizatiorl atld English Complex Prepositions: A
Corpus-Based Study. London: Routledge.
HOFSTAOTER, DOUGl.AS (1995). Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies. New York: Basic Books.
HOliER, HARRY (1945). 'The Apachean verb, part [: verb structures and pronominal prefixes', International Journal of American Linguistics 11.4: 19)-204.
- -(1971). 'Athapaskan morphology: in Jesse Sawyer (ed.), Studies in American Indian
Languages. Berkeley: University of California Press, 11)-47.
HOLLMANN, WILLEM (2003). 'Synchrony and diachrony of English periphrastic causatives: a
cognitive perspective', PhD thesis, University of Manchester.
--and SIEWIERSKA, ANNA (2007). 'A construction grammar account of possessive constructions in Lancashire dialect: some advantages and challenges', English Language muJ
Linguistics n: 407-24.
HOl.MES, JANET (1988). 'Of course: a pragmatic particle in New Zealand women's and men's
speech', Australian Journal of Lingusitics 2: 49-74.
HOLYOAK, KEITH J., and THAGARD, PAUL (1995). Mental Leaps: Analogy in Creative Thought.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
HONG, JONGSEON (1983). 'Myengsahwa Emiuy Pyenchen' 1Historical change of nominalizing particles], Journal of Korean Language and Literature 89: 31-89.
HONG, KI -MoON (1957). Cosenelyeksamwunpep I Historical linguistics of Korean J. Pyongya ng: Kwahakwen.
HOPPER, PAUL (1987). 'Emergent grammar: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the
Berkeley Linguistics Society, 139-57.
--(1991). 'On some principles of grammatici7.ation', in Traugott and Heine (1991a: 17-35).
--(1998). 'Emergent grammar', in Michael Tomasello (ed.), The New Psychologyofianguage:
Cognitive and Functional Approaches to Language Structure. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 155-75.
--(2001). 'Grammatical constructions and their discourse origins; prototype or family
resemblance?', in M. PUt7" S. Niemeier, and R. Dirven (eds), Applied Cogllitive Linguistics,
vol. 1; Theory arid Language Acquisition. Berlin: de Gruyter, 109-29.
- -(2004). 'The openness of grammatical constructions', Chicago Linguistic Society 40;
239-56.
--and THOMPSON, SANDRA A. (2008). 'Projectability and clause combining in interaction', in Ritva Laury (ed.), Crosslinguistic Studies a/Clause Combining: The Multifunctioll ality ofConjullctioTlS. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 99- 123.
--and TRAUGOTT, ELiZASETH CLOSS (1993) . Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
----(2003). Grammaticalization, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
HORIE, KAORU (1998) . 'On the polyfunctionality of the Japanese particle no: from the
perspectives of ontology and grammaticalization', in Toshio Ohori (ed.), Studies
in Japanese Grammaticalization: Cognitive arid Discourse Perspectives. Tokyo: Kuros io
Syuppan, 169-92.
--(2000). 'Core-obJique distinction and nominalizer choice in Japanese and Korean',
Studies in Language 24: 77-102.
HORN, LAURENCE R. (1989). A Natural History 0/ Negation. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press.
--(20ot). A Natural History of Negation. Stanford, CA: CSLI.
HRUSCHKA, DANIEL J., CHRISTIANSEN, MORTEN H., BLYTHE, RICHARD A, CROFT, WlI.L1AM,
HEGGART, PAUL, MUFWENE, SALIKOKO S., PJERREHUMBERT, JANET, and POPJ.ACK, SHANA.
REFERENCES
831
(2009). 'Building social cognitive models of language change', Trends in Cognitive Sciences
13·II: 464-9.
HUDDLESTON, RODNEY, and PULLUM, GEOFFREY K. (2002). The Cambridge Grammar of the
English Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
HUDSON, RICHARD (2007). Language Networks. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
HUFFMAN, FRANKLIN, and PROUM, 1M (1977) . English-Khmer Dictionary. New Haven, Cf:
Yale University Press.
HUH, WOONG (1982). 'Hankwukmal Ttaymaykirnpepuy Keleon Palcachwi' [The path of the
Korean tense system], Hanku1I78: 3-51. Reprinted in Huh (198}: 197- 245) .
--(1987). Kwuke Ttaymaykimpepuy Pyencheonsa [A developmental history of the Korean
tense system). Seoul: Saem.
H UMBOLDT, W ILHELM VON (1822). Uher die Entstehung der grammatischen Formen und
ihren Einfluss auf die Ideenentwicklung. Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu
Berlin. (Reprinted 1972, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. )
- -(1985). Uberdie Sprache: Ausgewiihlte Schriften, ed. Jurgen Trabant. Munich: Deutscher
Taschenbuch .
HUNDT, MARIANNE (lOOt). What corpora tell us about the grammaticization of voice in getconstructions', Studies in Language 25: 49-88.
HONING, MATTHIAS, VOGL, ULRIKE, VAN DER WOUDEN, TON, and VERHAGEN, ARIE (2006).
Nederlands tussen Duits en Engels: Handelingen van de workshop aan de Freie Universitiit
Berlin. Leiden: Stichting Neerlandistiek Leiden.
HURFORD, JAMES R. (2007). 'The origin of noun phrases: reference, truth and communication', Lingua 1l7.3: 527- 42.
HYM AN, LARRY M., and CoMRIE, BERNARD (1981). 'Coreference and logophoricity in
Goka na', Studies in African Linguistics, Supplement 8: 69-72.
ICE-GB: The International Corpus of English, Great Britain. Survey of English Usage
Project, University College, London. Dire<:tor: Bas Aarts.
IOIATOV, DMITRY (2008). 'Antigrammaticalization, antimorphologization and t he case of
Tura', in Lopez-Couso and Seoane (2008: 151-(9).
ICLESIAS-RAsADE, LUIS (2001). 'Composite predicates in Middle English with the verbs
niman and taken', Studia Neophilologica J3: 143-63.
iJBEMA, ANIEK (2002). 'Grarnmaticalization and infinitival complements in Dutch', dissertation, Leiden University.
IMBERT, CAROLINE, and GRINEWALO, CoLETTE (2008). 'Twenty years of rela tional p reverbs:
a grarnmaticalization account', paper presented at the conference 'New Refle<:tions on
Grammaticalization, 4, Leuven, July.
ISHIGAKI, KENJI (1955). Joshi no Rekishiteki Kenkyu [A historical study of pa rticles]. Tokyo:
lwanami.
ISRAEL, MICHAEL (1996). 'The way constructions grow', in Adele Goldberg (ed.), Conceptual
Structure, Discourse and Language. Stanford, CA: CSLI, 217- 30.
- - (20Ot). 'Minimizers, maximizers and the rhetoric of scalar reasoning', Journal of
Semantics 18: 297- 331.
ITKONEN, ESA (2005). Analogy as Structure and Process. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
ITO, RI KA, and TAGLIAMONTE, SALI A. (2003). 'Well weird, right dodgy. very strange, really
cool: layering and recycling in English intensifiers', Language in Society 32, 257- 279.
1ACKENDOFF, RAy (2002). Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
832
REFERENCES
JACOBSEN, WILLIAM H ., JR (1986). 'The heterogeneity of evidentials in Makah', in Chafe and
Nichols (1986: 3-28).
JAGER, AGNES (2008). History of German Negation. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
JAGER, GERHARD, and ROSENBACH, ANETTE (2008a). 'Priming and unidirectional language
change', Theoretical Linguistics 34: 85- 113.
- -- -(2008b). 'Priming as a testing ground for historical linguists? A reply to Chang,
Eckardt and Traugott', Theoretical Linguistics 34: 143--56.
JAGGAR, PHILLIP J. (2001) . Hau5a. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
JAKE, JANICE L., and MYERS-SCOTTON, CAROL (1997). 'Relating interlanguage to codeswitching: the composite matrix language: Proceedings of Boston University Conference
on Language Development. 21: 319-30.
JAKOBSON, ROM AN (1971[1957]). 'Shifters, verbal categories, and the Russian verb', in Roman
Jakobson (ed.), Selected Writings, vol. 2: Word and LAnguage. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
130--47·
JAMES, DEBORAH (1982). 'Past tense and the hypothetical: a cross-linguistic study', Studies in
Language 6.3: 375-403·
- - CLARKE, SANDRA, and MACKENZIE, MARGUERITE (2001). 'The encoding of information source in A1gonquian: evidentials in Cree/Montagnais/Naskapi', IntematiOlwl Journal of American Linguistics 67: 229'-63.
JAMES, FRANCIS (1986) . Semantics of the English Subjunctive. Vancouver: University of
British Columbia Press.
JANDA, RICHARD D. (2001). <Beyond "pathways" and "unidirectionality": on the discontinuity of language transmission and the counterability of grammaticalization', Language
Sciences 23: 265- 340.
JANSE, MARK (2009) . 'Watkins' Law and the development of agglutinative inflections in
Asia Minor Greek; Journal of Greek Linguistics 9: 93-109.
JANZEN, TERRY (1999). 'The grammaticization of topics in American Sign Language: Studies
in Language 23: 271-306.
- - and SHAFFER, BARBARA (2002). <Gesture as the substrate in the process of ASL
grammaticization', in R P. _Meier, K. A. Cormier, and D. G. Quinto-Pozos (eds), Modality
and Structure in Signed and Spoken LAnguages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
199-223·
JEFFERSON, GAil. (1980). 'On a failed hypothesis: "conjunctionals" as overlap vulnerable:
two explorations of the organization of overlapping talk in conve rsation', Tilburg Papers
in Language and Literature 28: 1- 37.
JELINEK, ELOISE (1984). <Empty categories, case, and configurationality', Natural Language
and Linguistic Theory 2: 39-76.
- - (2001). 'Pronouns and argument hierarchies', pape r presented at 'Perspectives on
Aspect', Utrecht, December.
JENNER, PHILIP N., and Pou, SAVEROS (1980/81). A Lexicon of Khmer Morphology. Honolulu:
University Press.
JESPERSEN, OTTO (1894) . Progress in Language. With Special Reference to English. London:
Swan Sonnenschein.
- - (1917). 'Negation in English and other languages', Historisk-filologiske Meddeleser L
- - (1922). LAnguage: Its Nature, Origin and Development. London: Allen & Unwin.
- - (1925). Die Sprache: Ilire Natur, Elltwicklung Wid Entstehwlg. Heidelberg: Winter.
REFERENCES
833
-(1942). A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles, part 6: Morphology.
London: Allen & Unwin.
- -(1992[1924]). The Philosophy of Grammar. With a new ilztroduction and index by James
D. McCawley. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
JEZEK, EUSARETTA, and RAMAT, PAOLO (2009) . 'On parts-of-speech transcategori7.ation:
Folia Linguistica 49: 391-416.
JIANC LANSHENC (1999). 'Hanyu shiyi yu beidong jianyong tanyuan' [On Chinese causatives and passives], in Jindai Hanyu tanyuan [Issues in Modern Chinese]. Beijing:
Shangwu Yinshuguan, 221-36.
JI ANG SHAOY U (2002). 'Gei ziju, jiao ziju biao beidong de laiyuan' [Origin of the passives in
bei and in jiaol. Yuyanxue Luncong 26: 59-177.
JOHANNESSEN, JANNE BONDI (1989). 'K1itika: en avgrensning', Norsk lingvistisk tidsskrift 2:
-
117- 47·
JOH ANSON, LARS (1971) . Aspekt im Turkischen: Vorstudien zu einer Beschreibung des turkeiturkischen Aspektsystems. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksell.
- - (1976) . 'Zum Prasens der nordwestlichen und mittelasiatischen Tlirksprachen: Acta
Orientalia 3T 57- 74·
--(1992). 'StruktureUe Faktore n in tlirkischen Sprachkont'!klen', Sitzungsberichte der
Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft an der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitiit Frallkfurt am
Main 29.5: 169-299.
- - (1995). 'On Turkic converb clauses', in M. Haspelmath and E. Konig (eds), Con verbs in
Cross-linguistic Perspective: Structure and Mean ing of Adverbial Verb Forms-Adverbial
Participles, Gerunds. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 313- 47.
- - (:woo) . 'Viewpoint operators in European languages', in Osten Dahl (ed.), Tense and
ASpect in the Languages of Europe. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 27- 187.
- - (2002) . StfZlctural Factors in Turkic Language Contacts (with an introduction by
Bernard Comrie) . London: Curzon .
- - (2003). 'Evidentiality in Turkic', in A. Y. Aikhenvald and R. M. W. Dixon (eds), Swdies
in Evidentiality. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 273-290 .
- - and UTAS, Bo (eds) (2000) . Evidel/tials: Turkic, Iranian and Neighbouring Languages.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
JOHANSSON, SVERKER (2005) . Origins of Language: Constraints on Hypotheses. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
JOHNSTON, RAYMOND LESLIE (1980). Nahmai of New Britain: The Gra mmar of all Oceanic
Language. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
JONAS, D IANNE, WHITMAN, JOHN, and GAR RETT, ANDREW (eds) (forthcoming). Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
JONES, MICHAEL (1988). 'Auxiliary verbs in Sardinian', Transactions of the Philological Society
86: 173-203.
JOSEPH, BRIA N D. (2001). ' Is there such a thing as "grammaticalization"'?, Language Sciences
(special issue, Grammaticalization: A CriticaiAssessment, ed. L Campbell) 23.2- 3: 163- 86.
--(2003). 'Morphologization from syntax', in Joseph and Janda (2003: 472-92).
- - (2004). 'Rescuing traditional (historical) linguistics from grammaticalization theory:
in Fischer et al. (2004: 45- 71).
--(2006). 'How accommodating of change is grammaticalization? The case of "lateral
shifts"', Logos and Language 6.2: 1-7.
834
REFERENCES
- and RICHARO D. JANDA (edS) (2003). The Handbook of Historical Linguistics. Oxford:
Blackwell.
lUCKER, ANDREAS (1993) . 'The discourse marker well:. a relevance-theoretical account',
Journal of Pragmatics 19·5: 435--53.
JUGB, MATTHEW (2006). 'Morphological factors in the grammaticalization ofthe 'go' past
in Catalan', Diachronica 26: 313-39.
JUNG. YONHEE (2001). 'Grammaticallzation of Korean clause connectives', PhD dissertation.
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies.
JURAFSKY, DANIEL, BELL, ALAN, GREGORY, MICHELLE, and RAYMOND. WILLIAM (2001) .
' Probabilistic relations between words: evidence from reduction in lexical production', in
Bybee and Hopper (2001: 229-54).
JUVONEN, PAIVI (2000). Grammaticalizing the Definite Article: A Study of Definite Adnominal Determiners in a Genre of Spoken Finnish. Department of Linguistics, Stockholm
University.
KAHR, JOAN CASPER (1975). 'Adpositions and locationals: typology and diachronic development', Working Papers on Language Universals (Stanford ) 19: 21--54.
- - (1976). 'The renewal of case morphology: sources and constraints', Working Papers on
Language Universals (Stanford) 20: 107--51.
KAMP, HANS, and REYLE, UWE (1995). From Discourse to Logic. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
KANG, EUN-KoOK (1993). Cosene Cepmisauy Thongsicek Yenkwu [A diachronic study of
Korean suffixes]. Seoul: Sekwanghakswulcalyo.
KANG, SO-YEONG (2001). 'A study on the process of grammaticalization in Korean nouns',
PhD dissertatio~, Ewha Woman's University.
KARl, JAMES (1975). 'The disjunct boundary in the Navajo and Tanaina verb prefix complexes', Intemational Journal of American Linguistics 41: 330- 45.
- - (1989) . }\£fix positions and 20nes in the Athapaskan verb complex: Ahtna and Navajo',
International Journal of American Linguistics 55: 424- 54.
KARKKA INEN, ELISE (2003). Epistemic Stance in English Conversation: A Description of Its
Interactional Functions, with a Focus on 'I thinE Amsterdam: Benjamins.
KARLSSON, KEITH (1981). Syntax and Affixation: The Evolution of mente in Latin and
Romance. Tti.binge~: Niemeyer.
KARMILOFF, KYRA, and KARMILOFF-SMITH, ANNETTE (2001). Pathways to Language; From
Fetus to Adolescent. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
KARTTUNEN, FRANCES (1976). 'Uto-Aztecan and Spanish-type dependent clauses in Nahuatl', paper presented at ' Parasession on Diachronic Syntax', Chicago Linguistic Society:
15o-s8.
KASTOVSKY, DIETER (1982). Wortbildung und Semanrik. Dusseldorf: Schwan-Bagel.
KAUFMANN, STEFAN, CONDORAVDl, CLEO, and HARIZANOV, VALENTINA (2006). 'Formal
approaches to modality', in Frawley (2006: 71-106) .
KAy, PAUL, and FILLMORE, CHARLES J. (1999) . 'Grammatical constructions and linguistic
generalizations: the What's X Doing Y? construction', Language 75: 1- 33.
KAYNE, RICHARD (1994). The Asymmetry of Syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
KAZENIN, KONSTANTI N I. (2001). 'The passive voice: in Martin Haspelmath, Ekkehrd
KOnig, WulfOesterreicher, and Wolfgang Raible (eds), Language Typology and lAnguage
Universals: An International Handbook. vol. 2. Berlin: de Gruyter, 899--916.
KEENAN, EDWARD L. (1985). 'Passive in the world's languages', in Shopen (1985: i.243- 81) .
-
REFERENCES
835
- (2002). 'Explaining the creation of the reflexive pronouns in English', in O. Minkova
and R. Stockwell (eds), Studies in the History of the English Language: A Mil/emlial
Perspective. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 325- 54.
- -and COMRIE, BERNARD (1977). 'Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar',
Linguistic Inquiry 8: 63--99.
KEESINC, RONALD M. (1988). Me/anesian Pidgin and the Oceanic substrate. Stanford, CA:
Stanford University Press.
- -(1991). 'Substrates, calquing and grammaticalization in Melanesian Pidgin', in Traugott
and Heine (1991a: 315-42).
KEGL, JUDY, SENGHAS, ANN, and CoPPOLA, MARIE (1999). 'Creation through contact: sign
language emergence and sign language change in Nicaragua', in M. DeGraff (ed.),
Language Creation and Language Change: Creolization, Diachrony, and Development.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 179-237.
KELLER, RUDI (1990). Sprachwandel: Von der unsichtbaren Hand in der Sprache. Tubingen:
Francke.
KEMENADE, ANS VAN (1999). 'Functional categories, morphosyntactic change, grammaticalization', Linguistics 37: 997-1010.
- -(2000). '''Jespersen'' Cycle revisited: formal properties of grammaticalization', in Susan
Pintzuk, George Tsoulas, and Anthony Warner (eds), Diachronic Syntax: Models and
Mechanisms. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 51-74.
- - (2009) . 'Discourse relations and word order change', in Roland Hinterholzl and
Svetlana Petrova (eels), Information Structure and Language Change: New Approaches to
Word Order Variation and Change in the Germanic Languages. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter, 91- 118.
- -and VINCENT, NIGEL (eds) (1997). Parameters of Morphosyntactic Change. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
.
KEMMER, SUZANNE (1993) . The Middle Voice. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
KENDON, ADAM (2004). Gesture: Visible Action as Utterance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
KENNEDY, CHRIS (1999) . Projecting the Adjective. New York: Garland.
KIEFER, FERENC (1987). 'The cases of Hungarian nouns', Acta Linguistica Adacemiae Scientarum Hungaricae 37= 93-101.
- - (2000). Strukturalis magyar nyelvtan III: Morfolagia. Budapest: Akademiai Kiad6.
KIESSLING, ROLAND (2007). 'The "marked nominative" in Datooga', Journal of African
Languages and Linguistics 28.2: 149-91.
KIM, MINJU (2003). 'Discourse frequency and the emergence of grammar: a corpus-based
study of the grammaticalization of the Korean existential verb is(i)-ta', dissertation,
University of California, Los Angeles.
KIM, MOON-WOONG (1975). 'Kwukeuy Hesa Hyengsengey Kwanhan Yenkwu' [A study on the
fo rmation of empty words in Korean], MA thesis, Kyungpuk National University, Korea.
KING, ROBERT (1969). Historical Linguistics and Generative Grammar. New York: Prentice
Hall.
KINSUI, SATOSHI (1992) . 'Obunyaku to judobun. Edo jidai 0 chiishin ni' [Western translations and the passive: focus on the Edo period], in Bunka Gengogaku Henshl1 Iinkai
(eds), Bunka Gengogaku: Sana Teigen to Kenchiku. Tokyo: Sanseido, 1- 15.
KIPARSKY, PAUL (1965). 'Phonological change~ PhD dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology.
-
836
-
REFERENCES
- (1968). 'Linguistic universals and linguistic change', in Emmon Bach and Robe rt
T. Harms (OOs), Universals in Linguistic Theory. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston,
17 1- ZO Z.
- -(forthcoming). 'Grammaticalization as optimization', in Diane Jonas and John Whitman (OOs), Grammatical Change: Origins, Nature, Outcomes. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
- -and CoNOORAVDI, CLEO (zo06). 'Tracking Jespersen's Cycle', in Mark Janse, Brian
D. Joseph, and Angela Ralli (eds), Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of
Modern Greek Dialects and Linguistic Theory. Mytilene: Doukas. Downloaded from:
http://www.stanford.edu/-kiparsky/Papers/lesvosnegation.pdf
KITA, SOTARO (ed.) (Z003). Pointing: Where Language, Culture, and Cognition Meet. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
KLAMER, MARIAN (zooo). 'How report verbs become quote markers and complcmentisers',
Lingua ll O: 69-98.
KLEI BER, GEORGES (1987). 'L'opposition cist/cil en ancien frano;:ais ou comment analyser leI'
demonstratifs?: Revue de linguistique romane 51: 5-35.
- -(199Z). 'Article defini, uoicite et pertinence', Revue Romane Z7: 61- 89.
KLEIN, WOLFGANG (1994). Time in Language. London: Routledge.
KLIMA, EDWARD (1965). 'Studies in diachronic transformational syntax', PhD, Harvard
University.
- - and BilLLVGI, URSULA (1979). The Signs of Language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press.
KLUGE, FRIEDRICH, and SEEBOLD, ELMAR (1989). Etymologisches Worterbuch der deutschen
Sprache. Berli n: de Gruyter.
Ko, YOUNG-JIN (1995). 'A study of the processes of grammaticalization in Korean predicates:
from syntactic constructions to morphological constructions', PhD dissertation, Yonsei
University.
KO BAYASHI, KEN, I (l996). Nihongo Jokell Hyogenshi no Kenkyu [A study in the history of
conditional expressions in JapaneseJ. Tokyo: Hituzi Syobo.
KOCH, PETER (2001). 'Metonymy: unity in diversity', Journal of Historical Pragmatics
2: 201-44.
- - (Z004). 'Metonymy between pragmatics, reference and diachrony: in: metaphorik.de
07,6-54. http://www.metaphorik.de
KOMORI, YOSHIHIRO (2009). 'Disambiguating between "wan and "ga" in Japanese': http://
www.sccs.swarthmore.edu/users/03/yoshi/jpn.pdf
KONIG, CHRISTA (2002). Kasus im Ik. Cologne: Koppe.
--(Z005). 'Case in Africa: on categorial misbehaviour: in Erhard Voeltz (00.), Studies in
African Linguistic Typology. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 195- 207.
--(2006). 'Marked nominative in Africa', Studies in l.anguage 30.4: 655- 732.
--(2008). Case in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
KONlc., EKKEHARD (1988). 'Concessive connectives and concessive sentences; crosslinguistic regularities and pragmatic principles', in John A. Hawkins (cd.), Explaining
Language Universals. Oxford: Blackwell, 145-66.
- -and VAN DER AUWERA, JOHAN (1988). 'Clause integration in German and Dutch
conditionals, concessive conditionals, and concessives', in Haiman and Thompson
(1988: 101- 34) .
REFERENCES
837
Koo, HYUN JUNG (2009). 'Fused paradigms: grammaticalization in extension of conditional
markers', paper p resented at the 19th International Conference on Historical Linguistics,
10-14 August, Radboud University.
- -and RHEE, SEONGHA (2001). 'Grammaticalization of a sentential end marker from a
conditional marker', Discourse and Cognition 8.1: 1- 19.
- - - - (2008). 'Manipulated hypotheticality in conditionals: a journey in search of
strength and diversity', paper presented at 'New Reflections on Grammaticalization IV',
16-19 July, Catholic University of Leuven.
KORHONEN, MIKKO (1996). 'Typological drift in the Finno-Ugrian languages with special
reference to the case system', in Tapani Salminen (ed.), Typological and Historical Studies
in Language by Mikko Korhonen. Helsinki: Finno-Ugrian Society, 195- 206.
KORNAI, ANDRAS, and PULLUM, GEOFFREY (1990). 'The X-bar theory of phrase structure',
Language 66: 24-50.
KORNFILT, JAKLIN (1997) . Turkish. London: Routledge.
KORTMANN, BERND (1997). Adverbial Subordination: A Typology and History of Adverbial
Subordinators Based on European Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
--(20043). 'Do as a tense and aspect marker in varieties of English: in Bernd Kortmann
(ed.), Dialectology Meets Typology. Dialect Grammar from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 245- 75.
--(2004b). 'Synopsis: morphological and syntactic variation in the British Isles', in
Kortmann et al. (2004: ii-478-95).
- -(2005). English Linguistics: Essentials. Berlin Cornelsen.
- - (in preparation). World Atlas of Varieties of English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- -and KONIG, EKKEHARO (1992). 'Categorial reanalysis: the case of deverbal prepositions', Linguistics 30: 671-97.
- -and SCHNEIDER, EDGAR (2006). Varieties of English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Online material available at: http://www.varieties.mouton-content.com
- - -- i n collaboration with Burridge, Kate, Mesthrie, Raj, and Upton, Clive (eds)
(2004). A Handbook of Varieties of English. 2 volumes + I CD-ROM. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter.
- -and SZMRECSANYI, BENEDIKT (2011). 'Parameters of morphosyntactic variation in
World Englishes: prospects and limitations of searching for universals', in Peter Siemund
(ed.), Linguistic Universals and Language Variation. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 257-83.
KOUWENBERG, SILVIA, and LACHARITE, DARLENE (2004). 'Echoes of Africa: reduplication
in Caribbean Creole and Niger-Congo languages: Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages
19: 285- 331.
K6vECSES, ZOLTAN (20m). Metaphor: A Practical Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
KozIOL, HERBERT (1937). Handbuch der englischen Wortbildungslehre. Heidelberg: Winter.
KRAFT, CHARLES H., and KIRK-GREENE, A. H. M. (1973). Hausa. London: Hodder &
Stoughton.
KRAM5KY, Jlid (1972). The Article and the Omcept of Definiteness in Language. The Hague:
Mouton.
KRATZER, ANGEllKA (1981). 'The notional category of modality', in H. J. Eikemeyer and
H. Rieser (eds), Words, Worlds and Contexts. Berlin: de Gruyter, 38-74.
KRAUSS, MICHAEL (1965) . 'Eyak: a preliminary report: Canadian Journal of LingElistics
167-87·
838
REFERENCES
- (1973) . 'Na-Dene; in Thomas Sebeok (ed.), CurrelJl Trends in Linguistics 10. The
Hague: Mouton, 903- 78.
KRTFKA, MANFRED (1995). 'The semantics and pragmatics of polarity items', Linguistic
Analysis 25: 209- 57·
KRUG, MANFRED (1998) . 'String frequency: a cognitive motivating factor in coalescence,
language processing, and linguistic change', Journal of English Linguistics 26: 286-320.
- - (2000) . Emerging English Modals: A Corpus-Based Study ofGrammaticalizMion. Berlin:
Mouton de Cruyter.
- - (2001). 'Frequency, iconicity, categorization: evidence from emerging modals', in
Bybee and Hopper (2001: 309-36) .
- - (2003). ' Frequency as a determinant in grammatical variation and change', in GUnter
Rohdenburg and Britta Mondorf (cds), Detenni/lants of Grammatical Variation in
English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 7-67.
- - (2009). 'Modality and the history of English adhortatives', in Raphael 5alkie, Pierre
Busuttil, and Johan van der Auwera (cds), Modality in English: Theory and Description.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 315- 47.
- - (in preparation). 'Towards a panchronic definition of auxiliaries', MS, Bamberg.
KRUSPE, NICOL!; (2004) . A Grammar ofSemelai. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
KULIKOV, LEONID (2006). 'Case systems in a diachronic perspective: a typological sketch', in
Leonid Kulikov, Andrej Malchukov, and Peter de Swart (eds), Case, Valency and Transitivity. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 23-47.
- - (2008). 'Evolution of case systems', in Malchukov and Spencer (2008: 439-57) .
KULIKOV, LEONID, MALCHU KOV, ANDREJ, and DE SWART, PETER (eds) (2006) . Case, Valency
and Transitivity. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -and SUMBATOVA, NINA (t993). 'Through the looking glass and how causatives look
there: in B. Comrie and M. Polinsky (eds), Causative5 and Causativify. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 327-41.
KUNO, SUSUMU (1973 [1965J). The Structure of the Japanese Language. Cambridge: MIT Press.
KU RYLOWICZ., JERZY (1975[1965]) . 'The evolution of grammatical categories', Esquisses
linguistiques 2: 38-54. (Diogenes 196s: 55-71.)
KUTEVA, TANIA A. (1999). On "sit"f"stand"l"lie" auxiliation', Linguistics 32.2: 191-213.
- - (2001). AuxiliatiofJ: An Enquiry into the Nature of Gramm atica lizat ion. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
KUZMACK, STEFANIE (in preparation). 'Ish: a new case of antigrammaticalization: MS,
University of Chicago.
KYTo, M£RJA (1991). Variation alld Diachrony, with EArly American English in Focus.
Frankfurt am Main: Lang.
- - (1999). 'Collocational and idiomatic aspects of verbs in Early Modern English: a
corpus-based study of MAKE, HAVE, GIVE, TAKE, and DO', in Brinton and Akimoto
-
(1999C: 167- 206).
-
- and ROMAINE, SU7-ANNE (2005). "'We had like to have been killed by thunder &
lightning": the semantic and pragmatic history of a construction that like to disappeared',
Journal of Historical Pragmatics 6: 1-35.
LA FAUCI, NUNZIO (1988). Oggetti e soggetti lIelIa formaziolle della morfosintassi romanza.
Pisa: Giardini.
- -(1997). Per una teoria grammaticale del mutamellto morfosilltattico: dallatino verso iI
romanzo. Pisa: ETS.
RBFERENCES
839
LABOV, WI LLIAM (1969) . 'Contraction, deletion, and inherent variability of the English
copula', Language 45: 715-62.
- - (1972a). umguage in the [nner City. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
--(1972b). Sociolinguistic Patterns. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
- - (1984). 'Field methods of the Project on Linguistic Change and Variation', in John
Baugh and Joel Shener (eds), Language in Use. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall,
28- 53·
- - (1994). Principles of Linguistic Change, vol. 1: Internal Factors. Oxford: Blackwell.
- - (WOI ) . Principles of Linguistic Change, voL 2: Social Factors. Oxford: Blackwell.
LADD, D. ROBERT (1996). Intonational Phol1Ology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
LAOUSAw, WILliAM (1996). 'Negation and polarity items', in S. Lappin (ed.), The Handbook
of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Oxford: Blackwell, 321-41.
LAFITTE, PIERRE (1944) . Grammaire Basque: Navarro-labourdin litteraire. Bayonne:
Librairie 'Le Livre'.
LAGERQVIST, HANS (2009) . Le subjonctif en fraTlfrais moderne. Paris: Presses de I'Universite
Paris-Sorbonne.
LAHI RI, AOITI (2000). 'Hierarchical restructuring in the creation of verbal morphology in
Bengali and Germanic: evidence from phonology: in Aditi Lahiri (ed.), Analogy, Levelling, Markedness: Principles of Change in Phonology and Morpli%gy. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter, 71- 123.
LAITINEN, MIKKO (2007). Agreement Patterns in English: Diachronic Corpus Studies jtZ
Common-Number Pronouns. Helsinki: Societe Neophilologique.
LAKOFF, GEORGB (1987). Women, Fire and Dangerous Things. Chicago: Uhiversity of Chicago Press.
- - (I990). 'The invariance hypothesis: is abstract reason based on image-schemas?',
Cognitive Linguistics 1: 39-74.
- -and JOHNSON, MARK (1980). Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago
Press.
LAKOFF, ROBIN (1969). Abstract Syntax and Latin Complementation. Cambridge, MA: MIT
Press.
LAM, PHOENIX (2009) . 'What a difference the prosody makes: the role of prosody in the
study of discourse particles', in D. Barth-Weingarten, N. Dehe, and A. Wichmann (eds),
Where Prosody Meets Pragmatics. London: Emerald.
LAMBRECHT, ICNUD (1981). Topic, Antitopic, and Verb Agreement in Non Standard French.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(1994). Information Structure and Sentence Form: A Theory of Topic, Focus, and the
Mental Representations of Discourse Referents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
LAMIROY, BEATRICE (1999). 'Auxiliaires, langues romanes et grammaticalisation', Langages
135: 33- 45·
- - (2001). 'Le syntagme prepositionnel en fran~is el en espagnol: une question de
grammaticalisation', Langages 143: 91- 106.
LANDER, Y. A., PLUNGIAN, VLADIMIR A., and URMANCHIBVA, ANNA Yu (eds) (2004). Irrealis
and Irreality. Moscow; Gnosis.
LANG, EWALD (2002). 'Die Wortart "Konjunktion": in O. A. Cruse et aJ. (eds), Lexicology:
Ein Internationales Handbuch zur Natur und Struktur von WQrtern und Wortschittzen.
Berlin: de Gruyter, 634- 41.
LANGACKBR, RONALD W. (1977). ' Syntactic reanalysis', in Li (1977: 57- 139).
840
REFERENCES
--(1981). Review of Ta1my Givan, On Understanding Grammar, Language 57: 436-45.
--(1985). 'Observations and speculations on subjectivity~ in John Haiman (ed.), Sylltax:
Proceedings of a Symposium on Iconidty in Syntax. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 109-50.
--(1987). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar, vol. 1: 111eoretical Prerequisites. Stanford,
CA: Stanford University Press.
--(1990). 'Subjectification', Cognitive Linguistics 1: 5-)8.
--(1991). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar, vol. 2: Descriptive App/ication. Stanford,
CA: Stanford University Press.
- - {1995}. 'Raising and transparency'. Lm1guage 71: 1-62.
--(1998). 'On subjectification and grammaticization~ in I.-P. Koenig (ed.), Discourse and
Cognition. Stanford, CA CSLI, 71- 89.
- -(1999a). 'Assessing the cognitive linguistic enterprise', in Theo Janssen and Gisela
Redeker (eds), Cognitive Linguistics: Foundations, Scope, and Methodology. Berlin: Mouton de Cruyter, 13-59.
- - (1999b). Grammar and Conceptualizatioll. Berlin; Mouton de Gruyter.
--(2000). 'A dynamic usage-based model', in Michael Barlow and Suzanne Kemmer
(eds), Usage-Based Models of Lallguage. Stanford: CSLl, 1-63.
--(2002). 'Dews and subjectivity', in Frank Brisard (ed.), Grounding: the Epistemic
Footing of Deixis and Reference. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1-27.
--(2003). 'Constructional integration, grammaticization, and serial verb constructions',
Language and Linguistics 4: 251- 78.
LANGACKER, RONALD W.(2005a). 'Construction grammars: cognitive, radical, and less so~ in
Francisco J. Ruiz pe Mendoza Ibanez and M. Sandra Pefia Cervel (eds), Cognitive
Linguistics: lntemal Dynamics and Interdiscip/illary Interaction. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 101-59.
- -(2005b). 'Integration, grammaticization, and constructional meaning', in Mirjam
Fried and Hans C. Boas (eds), Grammatical Constructions: Back to the Roots. Amsterdam;
Benjamins,157-89.
--(Z005C), 'Dynamicity, fictivity, 3nd s<:anning: the imagin3tive basis of logic aIld
linguistic meaning: ip Diane Pecher and Rolf A. Zwaan (eds), Groulldillg Cognition:
TIle Role of Perception and Action in Memory, lAnguage atld Thinkillg. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 164-97.
--(2006). 'Subjectification, grammaticization, and conceptu3l archetypes', in Angeliki
Athanasiadou, Costas Canakis, and Bert Cornillie (eds), Subjectification: Various Paths to
Subjectivity. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 17- 40.
--(2008a). Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.
- -(2008b). 'Sequential and summary scanning: a reply~ Cognitive Linguistics 19: 571- 84.
- - (2009a). Investigations in Cognitive Grammar. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
--(2009b). 'Constructions and constructional meaning~ in Vyvyan Evans and Stephanie
Pourcel (eds), New Directiotls in Cognitive Linguistics. Amsterdam; Benjamins, 225-67.
- - (2010). 'How not to disagree; the emergence of structure from usage', in Kasper Boye
and Elisabeth Engberg-Pedersen (eels), lAnguage Usage atld Language Structure. Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter, 107- 44.
LAPESA, RAFAEL (1974). 'El sustantivo sin actualizador en espanol', in R. Cano and
M. T. Echenique (eds), Estudios de morfosintaxis 'Ijstorica. Madrid: Gredos, 436--54.
REFERENCES
841
LAPOLLA, RANDY J. (2006). 'On grammatical relations as constraints on referent identification', in Tasaku Tsunoda and Taro Kageyama (eds), Voice and Grammatical Relations.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 139-5l.
LARSEN-FREEMAN, DIANE (1997). 'Chaos/complexity science and second language acquisition', Applied Linguistics 18: 141-65.
LAss, ROGER (1990). 'How to do things with junk: exaptation in languageevoJution~ Journal
of Linguistics 26: 79-102.
- - (1993). Old English: A Historical Linguistic Companion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- -(2000). 'Remarks on (uni)directionality~ in O. Fischer, A. Rosenbach, and O. Stein
(eds), Pathways of Change. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 207-27.
LAURY, RITVA (1997). Demonstratives in Interaction: The Emergence of a Definite Article in
Finnish. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
LAZARD, GILBERT (1999). 'Mirativity, evidentiality. mediativity, or other?', Linguistic Typology 3: 91-110.
- - {200I}. 'On the grammaticalization of evidentiality', Journal of Pragmatics 33: 359'-67.
LEOGEWAY, ADAM (2005). 'Moving through the left periphery: the dual complementiser
system in the dialects of southern italy'. Transactions of the Philological $ocietY103: 336-96.
- - (2008a). 'Satisfying V2:. sl clauses in Old Neapolitan', Journal of Linguistics 44: 437- 40.
- - (2008b) ' The grammaticalisation of progressive and andative aspect in the dialects of
Apulia', paper presented at 4th Oxford-Kobe Linguistics Seminar, 'The History and
Structure of the Romance Languages', April.
- -(2010). 'The clausal domain CP structure and the left periphery', in R.- D'Alesssandro,
A. Ledgeway, and r. Roberts (eds), Syntactic Variation: The Dialects of Italy. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 38-51.
--(2011). 'Syntactic and morphosyntactic typology and change', in M. Maiden,
1- c. Smith, and A. Ledgeway (eds), The Cambridge History of the Romance Languages.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 382-471, 724-34.
LEE, HEE-JA, and LEE, JONG-HEE (2001). Emi Com Sacen [A dictionary of endings and
particlesl. Seoul: Hankook.
LEE, HEE-SIlUNG (1956). 'Concaysa "issta"ey Tayhaye: Ku Hyengthayyosolouy Palceney
Tayhan Kochal' [On the verb of existence issta: its development into a morphemel.
Seoul National University Journal 17.
LEE, Hyo SANG (1991). 'Tense, aspect, and modality: a discourse-pragmatic analysis of
verbal affixes in Korean from a typological perspective', PhD dissertation, University of
California, Los Angeles.
- -and PARK, YONG-YAE (1999). 'Grammaticalization of the Korean connective nuntel(u)
nte: a case of grammaticalization of figure-ground relation', paper presented at 'New
Reflections on Grammaticalization I', Potsdam, June.
LEIl, 11 WON (2008). 'On the development of because: a corpus-based study', in Amano
Masachiyo, Michiko Ogura, and Masayuki Ohkado (eds), Historical EnKlishes in Varieties
of Texts and Contexts. Frankfurt: Lang. 325- 34.
LEE, KI-BAEK (1958) . 'Cwukyekcosa ''j''ey Tayhan ¥enkwu' [A study on nominative -i],
LQ/zguage and Literature 2: 94-124.
LEE, $UNGNYONG (1958). 'Cwukyek "ka"uy Paltalkwa Ku Haysek' [The development of
nominative marker -ka and its interpretation], Journal of Korean Language and Literature
19: 53-7·
842
REFERBNCBS
--(1976). 'On the development of the doublet is-ta I si-ta in the 15th century Korean',
Journal of Korean Linguistics 4: 1-23.
LEE, TJ\.EYEONG (1987). 'A study on the grammaticalization of Korean: PhD dissertation,
Chonbuk National University.
LEHMJ\.NN, CHRI$TIJ\.N (1983). 'Rektion und syntaktische Relationen', Folia Linguistica 17:
339-78.
--(1985). <Grammaticalization: synchronic variation and diachronic change', Lingua
e stile 20: 303-18.
--(1988a). 'Towards a typology of clause linkage', in Haiman and Thompson (1988:
181-225).
--(1988b). 'On the function of agreement', in Michael Barlow and Charles A. Ferguson
(eds), Agreement in Natural Language: Approaches, Theories, Descriptions. Stanford, CA:
CSU, 55-65.
- - (1989). 'Grammatikalisierung und Lexikalisierung: Zeitschrift fur Phonetik, Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung 42: 11- 19.
- - (1992). 'Word order change by grammaticaJization', in Marine! Gerritsen and Dieter
Stein (eds), Intemal and External Factors in Syntactic Change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
395- 416.
--(1993). <Theoretical implications of grammaticalization phenomena', in William
A. Foley (ed.) , The &le of Theory in Language Description. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
31 5- 40.
LEHMJ\.NN, CHRISTIJ\.N (199sa[1982]) . Thoughts on Grammaticalization. Munich: Lincom
Europa (revision of .Thoughts on Grammatica/ization: A Programmatic Sketch, 1 (1982),
Arbeiten des KOlner Universalienpro;ekts 49).
- -(t99Sb). <Synsemantika', in Joachim Jacobs, Arnim von Stechow, Wolfgang Sternefeld,
and Theo Ven~emann (eds), Syntax: Ein Internationales Handbuch Zeitgenosischer Forse/lUng. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1251-66.
--(199Sc). <Grammaticalization: synchronic variation and diachronic change: Lingua
e stile 20.3: 303- 18.
--(2002a) . 'New reflections on grammaticalization and lexicalization: in Wischer and
Diewald (2002: 1- 18). - - (20mb). Thoughts on Grammaticalimllon, 2nd rev. edn. Erfurt: Seminar fUr Sprachwissenschaft der Universitat.
- - (2004). 'Theory and method in grammaticalization', Zeitschrift fur Germatlistische
Linguistik 32.2: 152-87. Repr. in Gabriele Diewa1d (ed.) , Grammatikalisieru/Ig. Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter, 152-87.
- - (2005). 11wughts on Grammaticalization. Munich: Lincom.
- - (2008). 'Information structure and grammaticalization', in Lopez-Couso and Seoane
(2008: 207-29).
LEHMANN, VOLKMAR (2004). 'Grammaticalization via extending derivation', in Walter
Bisang, Nikolaus P. Himmeimann, and Bjorn Wiemer (eds), What Makes Grammaticalization? A Look from its Fringes and its Components. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 169-"86.
LEHMANN, WINFRED (1974). Proto-Indo-European Syntax. Austin: University of Texas Press.
LEINONEN, M. (2000). 'Evidentiality in Komi Zyryan: in Johanson and Utas (2000: 419-40).
LEISS, ELI SABETH (2000). Artikel lind Aspekt: die grammatischen Muster von Deft/litheir.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
REFERENCES
843
--(Z007). 'Covert patterns of definiteness/indefiniteness and aspectuality in Old Icelandic, Gothic, and Old High German', in Stark et aI. (Z007: 73- lOZ).
LEMM ENS, MAARTEN (2005). 'Aspectual posture verb constructions in Dutch', fou rnal of
Germanic Linguistics 17: 183-Z17.
LENKER, URSULA, and MEURMAN-SoLlN, ANNELI (eds) (Z007) . Connectives in the History of
English. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
LEUSCHNER, TORSTEN (Zoo6). Hypotaxis as Building-Site: The Emergence and Grammaticalization of Concessive Conditionals in English. Guman, and Dutch. Munich: Lincom.
LEVINSON, STEPHEN C. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - (zooo). Presumptive Meanings: The Theory of Generalized Conversational Implicature.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- -and WILKINS, DAVID P. (eds) (zo06). Grammars of Space: Explorations in Cognitive
Diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
LawlS, CHARLTON, and SHORT, CHARLES (1879). A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
LEWIS, DAVID (1973). Counterfactunls. (Revised edn 1986.) Oxford: BlackweU.
LEWIS, DIANA (Z003) . 'Rhetorical motivations fo r the emergence of discourse particles,
with special reference to English ofcourse, in T. van der Wouden, A. Foolen, and P. Van de
Craen (eds), Particles, special issue of Belgian fournal of Linguistics 16: 79-91.
LEWIS, G. 1. (1967). T!lrkish Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
LI, CHARLES N. (ed.) (1975). Word Order and Wo rd Order Change. Austin: University of
Texas Press.
- - (ed.) (1976). Subject and Top;c. New York: Academic Press.
- - (ed.) (19n). Mechanisms of Syntactic Change. Austin: University of Texas Press.
--and THOMPSON, SANDRA A. (19743). 'Coverbs in Mandarin Chinese: verbs or prepositions?', Journal of Chinese Linguistics Z.3: Z57-78.
- - - - (1974b). 'An explanation of word order change', Foundations of Language
IZ: ZII-14.
----(1976). 'Subject and topic: a new typology of language', in Li (1976: 457-89).
----(1980). Mandarin Reference Grammar. Berkeley: University of California Press.
----(1981). Mandarin Chinese. Berkeley: University of California Press.
----(1984). ' Mandarin', in W. Chisholm (ed.), Interroga tivity. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
47-61.
- - - -and SAWYER, J£SSE O. (1977). 'Subject and word o rder in Wappo', International
Journal of American Linguistics 43.z: 85-100.
LI, LAN (2006). 'Zhuo zi shi de beidong ju de gongshi fenbu yu leOOng chayi' ISynchronic
distributio n and typological differences for passive constructions formed with muoJ,
Zhongguo Fangyan Xuebao I: 1-9.
LI, XUPING, and BISANG, WALTER (forthcoming). 'Classifiers in Sinitic languages: from
atomization to (in)definiteness marking'. University of Mainz.
LICHTENBERK, FRANTISEK (1991a). 'On the gradualness of grammaticalization', in Traugott
and Heine (1991a: 37-80).
- - (199Ib). 'Semantic change and heterosem y in grammaticalization', Language 67.3:
475-509·
LIODELL, ScoTT K. (Z003). Grammar, Gesture, and Meaning in American Sign Language.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
844
RBF£RE NCES
LIGHTFOOT. DAVID (1974). 'The diachronic analysis of English modals', in J. M. Anderson
and C. Jones (eels), Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam: North-Holland, 219-49.
- - (1979). Principles of Diachronic Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
--(1991). How to Set Parameters. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- - (1999). The n evelnpmmr of t lmguagp.: Arquisition, Changt'!o and Evallltian. Oxford:
Blackwdl.
--(2000). 'The spandrels ofthe linguistic genotype', in James R Hurford, Chris Knight.
and Michael. Studdert-Kennedy (eds), Tnt'! Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Social
Function and the Origins of Linguistic Form. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
131- 47·
- - (1006). How New Languages Emerge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
LIGHTFOOT. DOUGLAS (1005). 'Can the lexica1ization/grammaticalization distinction be
reconciled?'. Studies in Language 29.3: 583-615.
--(2006). 'Aspects of the rise and fall of the compound gomman in Tatian', Leuvense
Bijdragen 95: 71-86.
--(1007). 'Co-source structures of the suffix -tum in German', Southern Journal of
Linguistics 31.1: 63-79·
LINDBLOM, BJORN, MACNSILAGE, PETER, and STUDOERT-K.eNN EDY. MICHAEL (1984). 'Selfo rganizing processes and the explanation of language uni versals', in Brian Butterworth.
Bernard Comrie, and Osten Dahl (eels). Explanations for lAnguage Universals. Berlin: de
Gruyter, 181-203.
Lindquist. Hans, and Mair, Christian (eds) (2004a). Corpus Approaches to Grammaticalizt2tion in English. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
LINDQUIST, HANS and MAIR. CHRISTIAN (1004b). 'Introduction', in Lindquist and Mair
(lOO4a: 9-14).
LINELL. PER (2005). The Written .Language: Bias in Linguistics: Its Nature, Origins and
Transfonnations. London: Routledge.
LINN, MARY (2000). 'A grammar ofEuchee (Yuchi)', PhD dissertation. University of Kansas.
LIPKA, LEONHARD (2002). English Lexicology: Laical Structu re. Word Sema ntics, and Word
Formation. Tlibingen: Narr.
LIU, JI AN, and PSYRAUllI!', ALAIN (1994). 'History of some coordinative constructions in
Chinese~ Journal of Chinese Linguistics 11.1: 179-101.
Lw. SHIRU (1965). Weijin Nanbeichao Liangci Yanjiu [A study on the classifiers in the Wei
and Jin dynastiesJ. Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju.
LIUKKONEN, K. (1995). 'Jo buta', Linguistica Baltica 4: 209-10.
LI VE. ANNA H. (1973) . 'The take-have phrasal in English', Linguistics 95: 31-50.
L08NER. SEBASTIAN (1985). 'Definites: Journal of Semantics 4: 279-316.
LoENGAROV. ALEXANDER (2005). 'Le fait que ... et la question du subjonctif: la directionnaHte de la grammaticalisation'. Cahiers Chronos 12: 67-81.
--(2006). 'L'alternance indicatiflsubjonctif dans les langues romanes: motivation
semantico-pragmatique et grammaticalisation~ PhD dissertation, University of Leuven
(KULl.
LoHNDAL, TERJE (2009). 'Spelling out parametric variation', talk. Arizona State University.
loMBARDI. ALESSANDRA (1007). 'Definiteness and possessive constructions in meelieval
!talo-Romance', in A. L Lepschy and A. Tosi (oos), Histories and Dictionaries of the:
lAnguages of Italy. Ravenna: Longo, 99-11S.
London- Lund Corpus: see Svartvik.
REFERENCES
845
LONGOBARDI, GUISEPPE (2001) . 'Formal syntax, diachronic minimalism, and etymology',
Linguistic Inquiry 32.2: 275-302.
LOPE-BLANCH, JUNA MANUEL (1990). 'Algunos usos de indicativo por subjuntivo en
oraciones subordinadas', in I. Bosque (ed.), Indicativo y subjuntivo. Madrid: Taurus,
180- 82.
LOPBs, CELIA REGINA DOS SANTOS (2003). A inser¢o de a gente no quadro pronominal do
portugues. Madrid: Iberoamericana.
- -and DUARTE, MARIA EUGENIA LAMOGLIA (2003). 'De Vossa Merce a voce: analise da
pronominaliza~ao de nominais em peps brasileiras e portuguesas setecentistas e oitocentistas: in S. F. Brandao and M. A. Mota (eds), Amilise contrastiva de variedades do
portugues: primeiros estudos, vol. 1. Rio de Janeiro: In-Folio, 61- 76.
LOPEZ-CoUSO, MARIA JOSE, and SEOANE, ELENA (eds) (2008) . Rethinhng Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
LORD, CAROL (1976). 'Evidence for syntactic reanalysis: from verb to complementizer in
Kwa', in Sanford B. Steever, Carol A. Walker, and Salikoko S. Mufwene (eds), Papers from
the Parase5sion on Diachronic Syntax. 22 April, Chicago Linguistic Society, 179-9l.
--(1993) Historical Change in Serial Verb Constructions. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
Los, BBTTELOU (2005). The Rise of the to-Infinitive. Oxford: Oxford_University Press.
--(2009). 'The consequences of the loss of verb-second in English: information structure
and syntax in interaction', English Language and Linguistics 13: 97-125.
Luis, ANA R. (2009). 'Patterns of clitic placement: evidence from "mixed" clitic systems', in
Patience Epps and Alexandre Arkhipov (eds), New challenges in Typology; Transcending
the Borders and Refining the Distinctions. Berlin: de Gruyter, 11-34.
LUNKBNHBIM£R, KBRSTIN (in press). 'Tense and aspect: in Raymond Hickey (ed.), Areal
Features in the Anglophone World. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
LURAGHI, SILVIA (1990). Old Hittite Sentence Structure. London: Routledge.
- - (200la). 'The development of local particles and adverbs in Anatolian as a grammaticalization process', Diachronica 18.1: 31-58.
- - (200Ib). 'Syncretism and the classification of semantic roles', Sprachtypologie und
Universalienforschutzg 54.1: 35- 51.
LYONS, CHRISTOPHER (1986). 'On the origin of the Old French strong- weak possessive
distinction', Transactions of the Philological Society 84: 1- 4l.
- - (1999). Definiteness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
LYONS, JOHN (1977). Semantics. 2 vats. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - (1995). Linguistic Semantics: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
MACAULAY, DONALD (1992). 'The Scottish Gaelic language: in Donald MacAulay (ed.), The
Celtic Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 137- 248.
MACAULAY, RONALD K. S. (2005). Talk that Counts: Age, Gender, and Social Class Differences
in Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
--(2006). 'Pure grammaticalization: the development of a teenage intensifier', Language
Variation and Change 18: 267- 83.
MACDONALD, loRNA (1990). A Grammar of Tauya. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
MAIDEN, MARTIN (1995). A Linguistic History of Italian. London: Longman.
MAIR, CHRISTIAN (1997). 'The spread of the going-to-future in written English: a corpusbased investigation into language change in progress', in Raymond Hickey and Stanislaw
Puppel (eds), Language History and Linguistic Modelling. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
1537-43·
846
REFERENCES
- - (2004). 'CorpUS linguistics and grammaticalisation theory', in Lindquist and Mair
(200411: 121--50).
- - (2006) Twentieth Century English: History, Variation and Standardization. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
- - (forthcoming). 'Using "small" corpora of written and spoken English to document
ongoing grammatical change: the case of specificational clefts in 20th century English', in
Manfred Krug and Tulia Schluter (eds), Research Methods in Langrmge Variation and
Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
MAISAK, TIMUR A. (2005). Tip%gija grammatikalizacii konstrukcij s glagolami dviienija i
glagolami pozicii. Moscow: Jazyki slavjanskix kul'tur.
MALCHUKOv, ANDREJ L. (2004). 'Towards a semantic typology of adversative and contrast
marking', Journal of Semantics 21.2: 177-198.
- - (2010) . 'Analyzing semantic maps: a multifactorial approach', Linguistic Discovery 8.1:
176-98.
- -HASPELMATH, MARTIN, and CoMRIE, BERNARD (to appear). 'Ditransitive constructions: a typological overview', in Andrej Malchukov, Martin Haspelmath, and Bernard
Comrie (eds), Studies in Ditransitive Construcrions. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- -and NARROG, H. (2008). 'Case polysemy', in Malchukov and Spencer (2008: 518- 35).
- -and SPENCER, ANDREW (eds) 2008. The Oxford Handbook of Case. Oxford: Oxford
University Press.
MALER, BERTIL (ed.) (1956). Orto do esposo. Texto inedito do Jim do secu/o XIV au comefO do
xv. Edifila cntica com introdu¢o, anotafoes e gloSS/irio. Rio de Janeiro: Instituto Nacional
do Livro.
MALKIEL, YAKOV (1974). 'Distinctive traits of Romance linguistics', in F. Hymes (ed.),
Language in Culture and Society: A Reader in Linguistics and Anthropology. New York:
Harper & Row, 671-88.
MALONE, TERRiLL (1988). 'The origin and development ofTuyuca evidentials: International Journal of Americatl Linguistics 54: 119-40.
MAO, BINGSHENG (1999). 'Hengshan fangyan (Qianshan hua) de jieci' [Coverbs in the
Hengshan Qianshan dialect], in Wu Yunji (ed.), Hutlan fangyan de jieci lCoverbs in
Hunan dialects]. Changsha: Hunan Shifan Daxue Chubanshe, 264-77.
MARCHELLO·NIZIA, CHRISTIANE (1995). L'evolution du franfais: ordre des mots, demotlstratifs, accent tonique. Paris: Armand Colin.
- -(2006a). Grammaticalisation et chatlgement linguistique. Bruxelles: De Boeck.
- - (2006b). 'From personal deixis to spatial deixis: the semantic evolution of demon·
stratives from Latin to French', in M. Hickmann and S. Robert (eds), Space in Languages.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 103-20.
- - (2009). 'Word order from Latin to French: a case of grammaticali7..ation or of typo·
logical coherence?', Studies in Pragmatics 5: 1-18.
MARCONI, D., and BERT£NETTO, P. M. (1984). 'Analisi di md, Litlgua e stile 19: 22)-58,
475--509·
MARTINEAU, FRANCE, and MOUGEON, RAYMOND (2003). 'A sociolinguistic study of the
origins of ne deletion in European and Quebec French', Language 79.1: 118--52.
MARTINET, ANDRE (1967). 'Que faut -il entendre par "'fonction des affixes de classe''?', in La
classification nominale dans les latlgues negro-africaines. Paris: CNRS, 15- 25.
MATLOCK, TEENIE (2001). 'How real is fictive motion?', doctoral dissertation, University of
California, Santa Cruz.
REFERENCES
847
MATRAS, YARON (1994). Untersuchungen zu Grammatik lind Diskurs de5 Romane5-Dialekt
der KelderaialLovara. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
- - (1996). 'Prozedurale Fusion: Grammatische Interferenzschichten im Romanes:
Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 49.1, 60-78 .
- - (1998a). 'Convergent development, grammaticalization, and the problem of "mutual
isomorphism"', in W. Boeder, C. Schroeder, and K.-H. Wagner (eds), Sprache in Raum
und Zeit. Ttihingen: Narr, 89-103.
--(1998b) . 'Utterance modifiers and universals of grammatical borrowing: Linguistics
36.2: Uh-331.
--(2002). Romani: A Linguistic Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
--(2009). Language Contact. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- -and SAKEL, JEANETTE (2007). ' Investigating the mechanism of pattern replication in
language convergence', Studies in Language 31: 829-"65.
MATSUMOTO, MElKa (2008). From Simple Verbs to Periphrastic Expressions. Bern: Lang.
MATSUMOTO, Yo (1988). 'From bound grammatical markers to free discourse markers:
history of some Japanese connectives', in SheUey Axmaker et al. (eds), Proceedings of the
Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society, February 13-15, 1988. General
Se5sion and Parasession on Grammaticalization, 34()--j1.
- - (1998). 'Semantic change in the grammaticalization of verbs into postpositions
in Japanese; in Toshio Ohori (ed.), Studie5 in Japanese Grammaticalization. Tokyo:
Kuroshio, 25-60.
MATTESON, ESTHER (1965). The Piro (Arawakan) Language. Berkeley: University of
California Publications in Linguistics.
MATTHEWS, GEORGE HUBERT (1965). Hidatsa Sy,uax. The Hague: Mouton.
MATTHEWS, PETER (2001). A Short History of Structural Linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
MATTHEWS, STEPHEN, and YIP, VIRGINIA (1994). Cantonese: A Comprehensive Grammar.
London: Routledge.
MAURI, CATERINA (2008a). 'The irreality of alternatives: towards a typology of disjunction:
Studies in Language 32.1: 22- 55.
--(2008b). Coordination Relations in the Languages of Europe and Beyond. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- - (2010) . 'Semantic maps or coding maps? Towards a unified account of the coding
degree, coding complexity and coding distance of coordination relations: Linguistic
Discovery8.1: 210-32.
- - and GIACALONE RAMAT, ANNA (2009). 'The grammaticaJization of interdausal connectives: the case of adversatives', talk presented at the 19th International Conference on
Historical Linguistics, Nijmegen, 10-15 August.
- - --{submitted). 'The development of adversative connectives: stages and factors at
play'.
MA.YER, ELiSAIlETH (2003). 'Clitic doubling in Limeiio' Australian National University.
MAZZON, GABRIELLA (2004). A History of English Negation Harlow: Pearson Education.
MCCLAVE, EVELYN Z. (2000) . 'Linguistic functions of head movements in the context of
speech', Journal of Pragmatics 32: 855- 78.
McDONOUG H, JOYCE (2000). 'The bipartite structure of th e Navajo verb', in Theodore
Fernald and Paul Platero (eds), The Athabaskan Languages: Perspectives on a Native
American Language Family. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 139-66.
848
REFERENCES
McLENDON, SALLY (Z003). 'Evidentials in Eastern Porno with a comparative survey of the
category in other Pomoan languages', in Aikhenvald and Dixon (zo03: 101- 30).
McMAHON, APRIL M. S. (1994). Understanding Language Change. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
- - (2006). 'Restructuring Renaissance English·, in L. Mugglestone (ed.), The Oxford
History of English. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 147-77.
MCWHORTER, JOHN H. (2001). 'The world's simplest grammars are creole grammars:
Linguistic Typology 5.2- 3: 125- 66.
--(2002). 'What happened to English?', Diachronica 19: 217-72.
MED: Middle English Dictionary (ZOOl), ed. Hans Kurath, Robert E. Lewis, et al. Ann Arbor:
University of Michigan Press.
MEHLER, JACQUES, PENA, MARCELA, NESPOR, MARINA, and BONATTI, LUCA (2006). 'The
"soul" of language does not use statistics: reflections on vowels and consonants', Cortex
42: 846-54.
MEl, TSU+LlN (1990). 'Tang-Song chuzhishi de laiyuan' [Origin of the disposal form in the
Tang and Song periodsl, Zhongguo Yuwen 3: 191-z16.
MEIER, RICHARD (forthcoming). 'Language and modality', in R. Pfau, M. Steinbach, and
B. Woll (eds), Sigtl Language. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
MEILLET, ANTOINE (1912). 'L'evolution des formes grammaticales', Scientia (Rivista di
scienza) 12.6: 384- 400. Repr. in Meillet (1958: 130--48).
--(1915-16). 'Le renouvellement des conjonctions~ Annuaire de l'Ecole Pratique des
Hautes Etudes. Repr. in Meillet (1958: 159-74).
- - (1958b9Z1J). Linguistique historique et linguistique generale. Paris: Champion.
MEIR, IRIT (1999) .('A perfect marker in Israeli Sign Language', Sign Language and Linguistics
2: 43--62.
--(2002). 'A cross-modality merspective on verb agreement', Natural Language and
Linguistic -Theory 20: 413-50.
MEL'CUK, ICOR A. (1976). 'On suppletion', Linguistics 170: 45---90.
MSRLAN, AURELIA (2006). 'Grammatikalisierungstendenzen im Portugiesischen und Rumiinischen: von Nominalsyntagmen zu Pronomina: in Jiirgen Schmidt-Radefeldt (ed.),
Portugiesisch kontiastiv gesehen und Anglizismen weltweit. Frankfurt: Lang, 221-40.
METSLANG, HELLE, and PAJUSALU, KARL (Z002). 'Evidentiality in South Estonian', Linguistica Uralica 2: 98-109.
MEULLEMAN, MACHTELD (in press). Les localisateurs dans les constructiotlS existentiel1e5.
Approche comparee en espagnot en franfais et en italien. Tiibingen: Niemeyer.
MEV, JACOB 1. (ZOOl). Pragmatics: An Introduction, znd edn. Oxford: Blackwell.
MICHAELIS, LAURA (2004). 'Type shifting in construction grammar: an integrated approach
to aspectual coercion', Cognitive Linguistics 15: 1- 67.
MIESTAMO, MATTI (zoos). Standard Negation: The Negation of Declarative Verbal Main
Clauses in a Typological Perspective. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- - SINNEMAKI, KAIUS, and KARLSSON, FRED (2008). Language Complexity: Typology,
Contact, Change. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
MICGE, B., and WINFORO, DONALD (2007). 'Substrate influence on the emergence of the
TMA systems of the Surinamese creoles~ Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 22:
73---99·
MILlCEVH':, JASMINA (2005). 'Clitics or affixes? On the morphological status of the future tense markers in Serbian', in Wolfgang Dressler, Dieter Kastovsky, Oskar E. Pfeiffer, and
REFERENCES
849
Franz Rainer (eds), Morphology and its Demarcations: Selected Papers from the 11th
Morphology Meetil1g, Vien",~, February 2004 Amsterdam: Benjamins, 39-52.
MILLER, AMY (2001). A Grammar of Jamul Tiipay. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
MILLER, MARION (1999). Desano grammar. Arlington, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics
and University of Arlington Publication in Linguistics.
MILLER, PHILIP (1992). 'Postlexical cliticization vs. affixation: coordination criteria',
Chicago Linguistic Society 28: 382-96.
MILROY, JAMES, and MILROY, LESLEY (1985). 'Linguistic change, social network and speaker
innovation', Journal of Linguistics 21: 339'-84.
MILROY, LESLEY (1999) . 'Standard English and language ideology in Britain and the United
States', in Tony Bex and Richard 1- Watts (eds), Stal1dard El1glish: The Widenil1g Debate.
London: Routledge, 173-206.
MITHEN, STEVEN (2005). The Singing Neal1derthals: The Origins of Music, Language, Mind
and Body. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
MITHUN, MARIANNE (1984) . 'The evolution of noun incorporation', Language 60: 847-94.
--(1988) 'The grammaticization of coordination', in Haiman and Thompson (1988:
331-59).
--(1991). 'The development of bound pronominal paradigms', in Winfred Lehmann and
Helen-Jo Jakusz Hewitt (oos), Language TYpology 1988. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 85-104.
- -(1995). 'On the relativity of irreality', in Bybee and Fleischman (1995: 367- 88) .
- -(1997). 'Lexical affixes and morphological typology', in Joan Bybee, John Haiman, and
Sandra Thompson (eds), Essays on Language Function and Language Type. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 357-71- -(2001). 'Lexical forces shaping the evolution of grammar', in Laurel J. Brinton (ed.l,
Historical Linguistics 1999. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 241-52.
--(2008). 'The extension of dependency beyond the sentence~ Language 83: 6g-119.
MOORE, COLETTE (2007). 'The spread of grammaticalized forms: the case of be+supposed
ro', Journal of English Linguistics 35.2: 117- 31.
MORALEJO-GARATE, TERESA (2001). <Composite predicates and idiomatisation in Middle
English: a corpus-based approach', Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 36: 171-87.
MORAVCSIK, EDITH A. (1969). 'Determination', Working Papers on Language Universals I:
63-98.
- - (19;72). 'On case markers and complementizers', Working Papers on Language Universals 8: 151-52.
- -(2003). 'Inflectional morphology in the Hungarian noun phrase: a typological assessment', in Frans Plank (ed.), Noun Phrase Structure in the Language5 of Europe. Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter, 113-252.
MORI, JUNKO (1999a). Negotiating Agreement and Disagreement in Japane5e: Connective
Expressions and Turn Construction. PhiladeJphia: Benjamins.
- - (1999b). '''WeIl l may be exaggerating but ... ": seJf-qualifying clauses in negotiating of
opinions among Japanese speakers', Human Studie5 22: 447-73.
MORTELMANS, JESSE (2008). <Grammaticalisation analogue de marqueurs de focalisation en
latin tardif et en moyen fran~ais', L'information grammaticale lI8: 44- 8.
MORTELMAN5, TANJA (2004). 'Grammatikalisierung und Subjektivierung: Traugou _und
Langacker revisited', Zeitschrift fur germanistische Linguistik: deutsche Sprache in Gegenwart lind Ge5chichte 32: 188-209.
850
REPERENCES
MORTIER, LI.£SBBTH (2007). 'Persp«tives on grammaticalization and speakers' involvement: the case of progressive and continuative periphrases in French and Dutch~ PhD
d issertation, Un iversity of Leuven (KUL).
MOWREY, RICHARD, and PAGLIUCA, WILLIAM (1995). 'The reductive character of articulatory evolution', Rivista di linguistica 7.1: 37-124.
MUFWBNB, SA LI KOKO (2008). Language Evolution: Contact, Competition and Change. Londo n: Continuum.
MULDER, ]SAN, and THOMPSON, SANDRA A. (2008). 'The grammaticization of but as a final
particle in English conversation', in Ritva Laury (ed.), Crosslinguistic Studies of Clause
Combining: the Multifunctionality of COlljunctions. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 179-204.
----and WI LLIAMS, CARA PENRY (2009). 'Final but in Australian English conversation', in Pam Peters, Peter CoUins, and Adam Smilh (eds), Comparative Grammatical
Studies in Australian and NewZealand English. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 337-sB.
MULLBR, WOLFGANG G., and FISCHER, OLGA (Z003). From Sign to Signing: lconicity in
Language and Literature 3. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
MYH ILL, JOHN (1988). 'The grammaticalization of auxiliaries: Spanish cl itic climbing',
Berkeley Linguistics Society 14: 3Sz--63.
NAGATA, TAKASHI (2006). A Historical Study of Referent Honorifics in Japanese. Tokyo:
Hituzi Syobo.
NAGY, KATALI N (2010). 'The pragmatics of grammaticalisation: the role of implicatures in
semantic change', Journal of Historical Pragmatics 11: 67-95.
NAHKOLA, KAR l , and SAANILAHTI, MARIA (2004). 'Mapping language changes in real time:
a panel study on Finnish', Language Variation and Change 16: 75-92.
NAKAYAMA, TOSH IHIDE, and IcHIHASHI-NAKAYAMA, KUMIKO (1997). 'Japanese kedo: Discourse genre and grammaticization: in Ho-min Sohn and John Haig (eds), Japanese
Korean Linguishcs 6. Stanford: CSLl, 607-19.
NARROG, HSIKO (2004). 'From transitive 10 causative in Japanese: morphologization
through exaptation', Diachronica ZI.2: 351-92.
--(200sa). 'On defi ning modality again', Language Sciences 27: 165-92.
--(2ooSb). 'ModaJity, mood , and cha nge of modal meanings: a new perspective', Cognitive Linguishcs 16.4, 677- 731.
--(200SC). 'Nihongo no bunpoka no keitaiteki sokumen' [The morphological aspeci of
grammaticalization in Japanese\, Nihongo no Kenkyu 1.3: 108-22.
--(2OO7a). ' Exaptation, grammaticalization, and reanalysis', CAlifornia Linguistic Notes
32.1: 1-26.
-(2oo7b). 'Modality and grammaticalization in Japanese', Journal of Historical Pragmatics 8.2: 269-94.
--(2009a). Modality in Japanese: The Layered Stn/crure of the Cfau~ and Hierarchies of
Functional Categories. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
-
--(2009b). 'Varieties of instrumental', in MaJchukov and Spencer (2009: 593--601).
- - (2010a). 'The order of meaningful elements in the Japanese verbal complex', Morphology 20 (sp«ial issue on affix ordering): 205-237.
--(zOIob). 'A diachronic dimension in maps of case functions', Linguistic Discovery 8.1:
233-54·
--and ITO, SH INYA (2007). 'R~onstructi ng semantic maps: the comitative-instrumental
area', Sprnchtypologie und Universalienforschung 60.4: 273-92.
REFERENCES
851
NAu, NICOLE (199S). Miiglichkeiten und Mechanismen kontaktbewegten Sprachwandelsunter besonderer Berucksichtigung des Finnischen. Munich: Lincom.
NED]ALKOV, IGOR' V. (1993) . 'Causative-passive polysemy of the Manchu-Tungusic -bulv(u) " Linguistica Antverpiensa 2]: 193-202.
NED]ALKOV, VLADIMIR P. (ed.) (1988). Typology of Resultative Constructions. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
NEIDLE, CAROL, KEGL, JUDY, MACLAUGHLIN, DAWN, BAHAN, BEN, and LEE, ROBERT G.
(2000). The Syntax of American Sign Language: Functional Categories and Hierarchical
Structure. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
NELSON, GERALD, WALLIS, SEAN, and AARTS, BAS (2002). Exploring Natural Language:
Working with the British Component of the International Corpus of English. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
NEVALAINEN, TERTTU (1997). 'The processes of adverb derivation in Late Middle and Early
Modern English', in Matti Rissanen, Merja Kyto, and Kirsi Heikkonen (eds), Grammaticalization at Work: Studies of Long-Term Developments in English. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter, 14S-90.
- - (2008). 'Sodal variation in intensifier use: constraint on -lyadverbialization?', English
Language and Linguistics 12.2: 289-31S.
- -and RAUMOLIN-BRUNBERG, HELENA (2003). Historical Sociolinguistics: Language
Change in Tudor and Stuart England. London: Pearson Education.
- ---and M ANNILA, HEIKKI (20ll). 'The diffusion of language change in real time:
progressive and conservative individuals and the time-depth of change', Language Varia tion and Change :2.3.l.
NEVIS, JOEL A. (1986). 'Decliticization and deaffixation in Saame: abessive taga: in Brian
D. Joseph (ed.), Studies on Language Change (= Ohio State University Working Papers in
Linguistics) 34: 1-9.
NEWMAN, JOHN (1996). Give: A Cognitive Linguistic Study. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
- - (ed.) (:2.00:2.). The Linguistics of Sitting. Standing, and Lying. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
NEWMAN, PAUL (2000). The Hausa Language: An Encyclopedic Reference Grammar. New
Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
NEWMEYER, FREDERICK J. (1998). Language Form and Language Function. Cambridge, MA:
MIT Press.
- -(2000). 'The discrete nature of syntactic categories: against a prototype-based ac·
count: in Robert Borsley (ed.), The Nature and Function of Syntactic Categories. San
Diego, CA: Academic Press, :2.21--50.
- - (2001). 'Deconstructing grammaticalization', Language Sciences 23.:2.-3 (special issue,
Grammaticalization: A Critical Assessment, ed. Lyle Campbell): 187- :2.30.
- - (2006). 'What can grammaticalization tell us about the origins oflanguage?', in Angelo
Cangelosi, Andrew O. M. Smith, and Kenny Smith (eds), The Evolution of Language,
Proceedings of the 6th International Conference (EVOLANG6), Rome. World Scientific,
484- 5·
NICOLLE, STEVE (1998a). 'A relevance theory perspective on grammaticalization', Cognitive
Lillguistics 9: 1-3S·
--(1998b). 'Be going to and will: a monosemous account', English Language and Linguistics :2.: 223-43.
852
REPERENCES
--(1007) . 'The grammaticalization of tense markers: a pragmatic reanalysis: in L. de
SauMure, J. Moeschler, and G. Puskas (eds), Tense, Mood and Aspect: Theoretical tJnd
Descriptive Issues. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 47-65.
--(1009). 'Go-and.v, come-and-V, go-V and come-V: a corpus-based account o f deictic
movement verb constructions', English Text Construction z: IB5-zoB.
--and CLARK, BILLY (1999). 'Experimental pragmatics and what is said: a response to
Gibbs and Moise', Cognition 69: 337-54.
Nihon Kokugo Daijiten (Great dictionaryofJapanesel, 2nd edn, 2000-2.001. Tokyo: Shogakukan.
NIKOLAEVA, IRINA, and TOLSKAYA, MARIA (Zool). A Grammar ofUdihe. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter.
NITSCH, KAZIMIERZ (1960). WybOr polskich tekst6w gwarowych, znd edn. Warsaw: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.
NOCENTINI, ALBERTO (1990). 'I:uso dei d imostrativi nella Peregrinatio Egeriae e la genesi
dell'articolo romanzo', in Atti del convegno interntJzionale sulla Peregrinatio Egeriae.
Arezzo: Accademia Petrarca di Lettere e Arti e Scienze, 137-5B.
NOEL, DIRK (ZOOS). 'The productivity of a "source of information" construction: or, where
grammaticalization theory and construction grammar meet', paper given at the Fitigra
Conference, Leuven, February.
--(2006). 'Diachronic construction grammar vs. grammaticalization theory', Prepriflts of
the Department of Linguistics Z55. Leuven: Department of Linguistics.
--(Z007). 'Diachronic construction grammar and grammaticalizatio n theory', Functions
of LIlnguage 14.Z: In-ZOZ.
NOONAN, MICHAEL (1997). 'Versatile nominalizations', in Joan Bybee, John Haiman,
and Sandra A. Thompson (eds), Essays on Language Function and Language Type.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 373-94.
NOONAN, MICHAEL (1007). 'Complementation', in Shopen (zoo]: 5Z-150).
--(zooBa). 'Case compounding in the Bodie languages', in Corbett and Noonan (zooB:
127- 48).
--(zooBb). 'Nominalizations in Bodic languages', in LOpez-Cousa and Seoane (zo08:
219-37).
NORDB, MURIEL (1997): 'The history of the genitive in Swedish: a case study in degrammaticalization', PhD thesis, University of Amsterdam.
--(Zool). 'Deflexion as a counterdirectional factor in grammatical change', LIlnguage
Sciences Z3.Z-3: Z31-64- - (zooz). 'The fina l stages of grammaticalization: affixhood and beyond', in Wischer and
DiewaJd (zooz: 45-65).
--(zoo6a). 'Demarcating deg1'alulllalkaliation: the Swedish s-genitive revisit«l', Nordic
Journal of Linguistics Z9.Z: ZOI-3B.
--(1006b). 'Van suffix tot telwoord tot bijwoord: degrammaticalisering en (re)grammaticalisering van tig, TABU 35- I-Z: 33-60.
--(1009a). Degrammaticalization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
--(1OO9b). Review of Brinton and Traugott, Lexicalizatiotl and LIlnguage Change, Language B5.1: 184-86.
- - ( forthcoming). 'Lehmann's parameters revisited', in Tine Breban, Liselotte Brems,
Kristin Davidse, and Tanja Mortelmans (eds), Grammaticalization afld Language Change:
Origins, Criteria, and Outcomes. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
REFERENCES
853
-
-and TROUSDALE, GRAEME (2009). 'Morpheme-based and construction-based approaches to degrammaticalization', paper presented at International Conference on
Historical Linguistics 19, Nijmegen.
NORDLINGER, RACHEL (1998). A Grammar of Wambaya, Northern. Territory (Australia).
Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
- - and TRAUGOTT, ELiZASETH CLOSS (1997). 'Scope and the development of epistemic
modality: evidence from ought to', English Language and Linguistics 1: 295- 317.
N0RGARD-$0R.ENSEN, JENS, HELTOFT, LARS, and ScH0SLER, LENE (eds) (2011) . Connecting
Grammaticalisation: The Role of Paradigmatic Structure. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
NOBLlNG, DAMARIS (2005). 'Von in die tiber in'n und ins bis im: die K1itisierung von
Priiposition und Artikel als "Grammatikalisierungsbaustelle"', in Torsten Leuschner,
Tanja Mortelmans, and Sarah De Groodt (eds), Grammarikalisierung im Deutschen.
Berlin: de Gruyter, 105-31.
NUNBERG, GEOFFREY, SAG, IVAN A., and WASOW, THOMAS (1994). 'Idioms', Language 70:
49 1-538.
NURMI, ARfA (1999). A Social History of Periphrastic DO. Helsinki: Societe Neophilologique.
- - (2002). 'Does size matter? The Corpus of Early English Correspondence and its sampler',
in Helena Raumolin-Brunberg, Minna Nevala, Arja Nurmi, and_Matti Rissanen (eds),
Variation Past and Present. Helsinki: Societe Neophilologique, 173--84.
--Nevala, Minna, and Palander-Collin, Minna eeds) (2009). The Language of Daily Life
in England (1450-800). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
NuYTS, JAN (2001a). Epistemic Modality, Language, and Conceptualizatiot}:. A CognitivePragmatic Perspective. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
--(2001b). 'Subjectivity as an evidential dimension in epistemic modal expressions:
Journal of Pragmatics 33.3: 383-400.
- -(:2006). 'Modality: oveJView and linguistic issues: in Frawley (2006: 1-26).
OeHs KEENAN, ELINOR, and SAMBI SCHIEPPELIN (l976). 'Foregrounding referents: a reconsideration of left dislocation in discourse', Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society
2: 24Q--57.
OED: Oxford English Dictionary (2000--). 3rd edn online, editor-in-chief John Simpson.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
OGAWA, AKIO (2008). <Case in a topic-prominent language: pragmatic and syntactic functions o f cases in Japanese', im Malchukov and Spencer (2008: 779--88).
OH, SANG-SUK (1998). 'A syntactic and semantic study of Korean auxiliaries: a grammaticalization perspective', PhD dissertation, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
OHALA, JOHN J. (1984). 'An ethological perspective on common cross-language utilisation
of Fo in voice: Phonerica 41: 1- 16.
- - (1989). 'Sound change is drawn from a pool of synchronic variation', in Leiv Egil
Breivik and Ernst Hikon Jahr (eds), Language Change: Contributions to the Study of its
Causes. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 173--98.
OHORI, TOSHIO (1992) . 'Diachrony in clause linkage and related issues', PhD, University of
California, Berkeley.
- - (1994). 'Diachrony of clause linkage: TE and SA in Old through Middle Japanese', in
Pagliuca (1994: 135- 49).
- - (1995) . <Remarks on suspended clauses: a contribution to Japanese phraseology', in
Masayoshi Shibatani and Sandra A. Thompson (eds), Essays in Semantics and Pragmatics
in Honor of Charles J. Fillmore. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 201-18.
854
REFERENCES
- - (1996). 'Case markers and clause linkage: toward a semantic typology', in Eugene
Casad (ed.), Cognitive Linguistics in the Redwoods: The Expansion of a New Paradigm in
Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 693-712.
- - (1998a). 'Polysemy and paradigmatic change in the Japanese conditional marker bd, in
O hori (1998b: 135--62).
- - (1998b). Studies in Japanese: Grammaticalization. Cognitive and Discourse Perspectives.
Tokyo: Kurosio Syuppan.
--(2000). 'Framing effect in Japanese non-fi nal clauses: toward an optimal grammar- pragmatics interface', in Matthew L. Juge and Jeri L. Moxley (eds), Proceedings of the
Twenty-third Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Lingui5tic Society, February 14- Q, 1997-
General Session and Parasessioll
Oil
Pragmatics and Grammatical Structure, 471--80.
- - (2001) . 'Clause integration as grammaticalization: a case from Japanese tokorocomplements', in Kaoru Horie and Shigeru Sato (eds), Cogllitive-Functional Linguistics
in atl East Asian Context. Tokyo: Kurosio Syuppan, 279-301.
OKAMOTO, SH1GEKO (1995). 'Pragmaticization of meaning in some sentence-final particles
in Japanese', in Masayoshi Shibatani and Sandra A. Thompson (eds), Essays on Semantics
and Pragmatics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 219-46.
OLBERTZ, HELLA (1993). 'The grammaticali1..ation of Spanish haber plus participle', in Jaap
van Marie (ed.), Historical Linguistics 1991: Papers from the loth l/Iternational Conference
on Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 243-63.
--(1998). Verbal Periphrases in a Functional Grammar of Spanish. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter.
- - (ZOOS). 'Dizque en eI espanol andino ecuatoriano: conservador e innovador~ in Hella
Olbertz. and Pieter Muysken (eds), Encuetltros y cO/If/ictos: bilingilismo y contacto de
letlguas en eI mundo andino. Madrid: Iberoamericana, 77-94.
OLBERTZ, HELLA (2007). 'Dizque in Mexican Spanish: the subjectification of reportative
meaning', Ri;:',sta di lingllistica 19: 151-7z.
OLOFSSON, ARNE (1990). 'A participle caught in the act: on the prepositional use of
following', Studia Neophilologica 62: 23-35, 129-49.
OLSSON, YNGVE (1961). On the Syntax of the English Verb, with Special Reference to 'have a
look' and Similar Complex Structures. Goteborg: Elanders Boktryckeri Aktiebolag.
ONIGA, RENATO (2004). Illatino: breve introduzione linguistica. Milan: Angeli.
ONO, TSUYOSHl, and THOMPSON, SANDRA A. (1994). 'Unattached NPs in English conversation: Berkeley Linguistics Society 20; 402-19.
ONODERA, NORIKO OKADA (1995). 'Diachronic analysis of Japanese discourse markers', in
Andreas H. Jucker (ed.), Historical Pragmatics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 393-437.
--(1998). 'Frame-shift markers in English: an analysis of so and anyway', in College of
Literature, Aoyama Gakuin University (ed.), Bungakllbu Kiyoo [Bulletin for College of
Literature] 40. Tokyo: College of Literature, Aoyama Gakuin University, 13-26.
--(2004). Japanese Discourse Markers: Synchronic and Diachronic Discourse Analysis.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (2007) 'Interplay of (inter)subjectivity and social norms: Journal of Historical Prag+
matics 8.2: 269-94.
- - and SUZUKI, RYOKO (eds) (Z007). Historical Changes in Japanese: Subjectivity and
Intersubjectivitiy. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 8.2 (special issue).
PAG LIUCA, WILLIAM (ed.) (1994). Perspectives on Grammaticalizatiotl. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
REFERENCES
855
PALANCAR, ENRIQUE L (2002). The Origin of Agent Markers. Berlin: Akademie.
PALANDER-CoLLIN, MINNA (1999). Grammaticalization and Social Embedding: I THINK and
M£THINKS in Middle and Early Modem English. Helsinki: Societe Neophilologique.
~- (2009). 'Variation and change in patterns of self-reference in Early English correspondence~ Journal of Historical Pragmatics 10.2: 260-85.
PALMER, FRANK R. (1986[2001]). Mood and Modality. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
~- (2003) 'Modality in English: theoretical, descriptive and typological issues', in Roberta
Facchinetti, Manfred Krug, and Frank Palmer (eds), Modality in Contemporary English.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1- 17.
PARK, Joo YOUNG (1999). 'A study of grammaticalization of kul, MA thesis, Sangmyung
University.
PARRY, MAIR, and LOMBARDI, ALESSANDRA (2007). 'The interaction of semantics, pragmatics and syntax in the spread of the articles in the early vernaculars of Italy', in
A. L Lepschy and A. Tosi (eds), Histories and Dictionaries of the Languages of Italy.
Ravenna: Longo, 77-97.
PATTEN, AMANDA L. (201Oa). 'Grammaticalization and the it-cleft construction', in Graeme
Trousdale and Elizabeth Traugott (eds), Gradualness, Gradience al}d Grammaticalization.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
~-(201Ob). 'Cleft sentences, construction grammar and grammaticalization', PhD thesis,
University of Edinburgh.
PAUL, HERMANN (1920). Prinzipien der Sprachgeschichte, 5th edn. Halle: Niemeyer.
PAYNE, JOHN R. (1985). 'Negation', in Shopen (1985: 197- 242).
PENNANEN, ESKO V. (1966). Contributions to the Study of Back-Formation in English.
Tampere; Yhteiskunnallinen Korkeakoulu.
PERRIN, Loic-MICHEL (201O). 'Polysemous qualities and universal networks, invariance
and diversity', Linguistic Discovery 8.1: 259-80.
PERROT, J. R. (1996). 'Un mooiatif ouralien: l'auditif en Samoyede Nenets', in Guentcheva
(1996: 157-68).
PETERS, ANN M. (1985). 'Language segmentation: operating principles for the perception
and anaJysis of language~ in Dan I. Siobin (ed.), The Crosslinguistic study of Language
Acquisition, vol. 2: Theoretical Issues. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 1029-67.
PETERSON, DAVIO A. (2003). 'Hakha Lai', in Graham Thurgood and R. J. LaPuta (eds), The
Sino-Tibetan Languages. London: Routledge, 409-26.
PEYRAUBE, ALAIN (1988). Syntaxe diilchronique du chinois: evolution des constructions datives
du 14eme siecle avant ]. -C au 18eme siecie. Paris: College de France.
~-( 1989a). 'Zaoqi "ba" ziju de jige wend' [Several issues regarding early ba sentences),
Yuwen Yanjiu I: 1-9.
~- (1989b) . 'History of the passive construction until the 10th century', Journal of Chinese
Linguistics 17.2: 335- 71.
~-(1998). 'On the history of classifiers in Archaic and Medieval Chinese~ in B. T'sou
(ed.), Studia Linguistica Serictl. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 39-68.
~-(2005). 'Leitui, yufahua, quyufahua yu gongneng gengxin: disan jie Hanyu yufahua
wenti yantaohui' [Analogy, grammaticalization, degrammaticalization and exaptationl.
paper presented at Third Conference on Chinese Grammaticalization Issues, Luoyang,
27-8 November.
856
REFERENCES
PFAU, ROLAND (2008). 'The grammar of headshake: a typological perspective on German
Sign Language negation', Linguistics in Amsterdam 1: 37-74.
- -(20n). 'A point well taken: on the typology and diachrony of pointing', in D. J. Napoli
and G. Mathur (eds), Deaf Arowld the World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 144-63.
- -and QUER, JOSEP (2002). 'V-to-Neg Raising and negative concord in three sign
languages', Rivista di Grammatica Generativa 27: 73-86.
- - -- ( 2010) . 'Non-manuals: their prosodic and grammatical roles', in D. Brentari (ed.),
Sign Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 381-402.
--and STEINBACH, MARKUS (2006). 'Modality-independent and modality-specific aspects
of grammaticalization in sign languages', Linguistics ill Potsdam 24: 3--98.
PHILIPPI, JULIA (1997). 'The rise of the article in the Germanic languages', in van Kemenade
and Vincent (1997: 62--93)·
PIATTELLI-PALMARINI, MASSIMO (1989). 'Evolution, selection and cognition: from
"learning" to parameter setting in biology, and in the study of language: Cognition 31.1:
1- 44·
PIERREHUMBERT, JANET (200t). 'Exemplar dynamics: word frequency, lenition and contrast', in Bybee and Hopper (2001: 137-58).
- -and HIRSCHBERG, JULlA (1990). 'The meaning of intonational contours in the interpretation of discourse: in P. R. Cohen, J. Morgan, and M. E. Pollack (eds), Intentions in
Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 271-311.
PIETSCH, L UKAS
(2009). 'Hiberno-English medial-object perfects reconsidered a case of
contact-induced grammaticalisation', Studies in Language 33: 528-68.
PINKER, STEVEN (1994). The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language. New York:
Morrow.
- - and BLOOM, PAUL (1990). 'Natural language and natural selection', Behavioral and
Braill Sciences 13: 707-84.
PINKSTER, HARM (1987). 'The strategy and chronology of the development of future and
perfect tense auxiliaries in Latin', in Martin Harris and Paolo Ramat (eds), The Historical
Development of Auxiliaries. Berlin: Mouton, 193- 223.
- - (1990). Latin Syntax and Semantics. London: Routledge.
PINTZUK, SUSAN, TSOULAS, GEORGE, and WARNER, ANTHONY (2000). 'Syntactic change:
theory and method', in Susan Pintzuk, George Tsoulas, and Anthony Warner (eds),
Diachronic Syntax. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1- 22.
PITKIN, HARVEY (1984). Wintu Grammar. Berkeley: University of California Press.
PLAG, INGO (2002). 'On the role of grammaticalization in creolization: a reassessment', in
G. G. Gilbert (ed.), Pidgin and Creole Lillguistics in the 21st Century. New York: Lang,
229-46.
PLANK, FRANS (1984). 'The modals story retold', Studies in Language 8: 305-66.
--(1993). 'Entgrammatisierung: Spiegelbild der Grammatisierung?', in N. Boretzky,
W. Dressler, T. Orcinik, and W. Wurzel (eds), Beitrage zum internatiOlwlen Symposium
iiber 'Natilrlichkeitstheorie und Sprachwandel' an der Utliversirar Maribor vom
13.5.-15.5.1993. Bochum: Brockmeyer, 199-219.
- -(ed.) (1995). Double Case: Agreement by Suffixaufnahme. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
- -(2005) . 'Delocutive verbs, crosslinguistically', Linguistic Typology 9: 459-91.
REFERENCES
857
PLUNGIAN, VLADIMIR A. (1998). 'fpaMMalWleCKUe Ka'l-eropHII, HX allMOnt II 3aMeCTlneJlH.
,/l)lcccpnUJ.HII lIa COHCKaHHe y'leHoH CTenCHH Jl.OKTopa CPIIJlO,10nl'leCKIIX lIaYK' [Grammatical categories, their analogues and alternatives], Habilitationsschrift, Moscow.
PODLESSKAIA, VERA I. (2005). '''Given -verbs as permissive auxiliaries in Russian', lAliguage
Typology tmd Ulliversa/s ;8.1: 124-)8.
POLETTO, CECILIA (199;). 'The diachronic development of subjC<:t c1 itics in northern
eastern Italian dialects', in Battye and Roberts (199;: 29;- )24).
--(2000). The Higher Flmctiollal Field. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
- - (2004). 'Dialectology fro m a language internal perspective'. MS.
POI.leli , LAURA (2005). TIle Emergence of the Deaf Commullity ill Nicaragua. Washi ngton,
DC: Gallaudet Uni ve rsity Press.
POl.LOCK, JEAN-YvES (1989) . 'Verb movement, Unive rsal Grammar, and the struct ure of IP',
[-inguistic Inquiry 20: 365-424.
POMERANTZ, ANITA (1984) . 'Agreeing and disagreei ng with assess ments: some features of
preferred/dispreferred tu rn shapes', in J. M. Atkinson and J. Heritage (eds), Structures of
Social Action: Studies in Qmversational Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
57-101.
POPLACK, SHANA (1980). 'Sometimes I'll start a sentence in Spanish y termino en espafio\',
Lillguistics 18.7/8: ;81--618.
--(2001). 'Variability, frequency and productivity in the i rr~a l is domain of French', in
Bybee and Hopper (2001: 405-28).
- - BoUltDAGES, JOHANNE S., and DION, NATHALIE (2009). 'Norm~s et va riation: I'ecole
a-l-~lle une influence?: paper presented at the annual meeting o f th~ Association
canadienne de linguistique appliquee/Canadian Association of Applied Linguistics.
- -and DION, NATHAI..IE (2009). 'Prescription vs praxis: the evolution of fu ture tem poral
referenc~ in French', LAnguage 8;.}: 557-87.
- -and MALVAR, EI..ISABETE (2007). 'Elucidating the transition period in linguistic
change', Probus 19.1: 121--69.
- -and ST-AMAND, ANNE (2007). 'A real-time window on 19th century vernacular French:
The Recirs dll franfais quibecois d'a utrefois', Lallguage ill Society 36.5: 707-34.
- - and TAGLIAMONTE, SALI (1996). 'Nothing in context: va riation, grammaticali1.ation
and past time marking in Nigerian Pidgin English', in Philip Baker and Anand Syea (eds),
Changing Meanings, Changillg FunCfiolls: Papers Relatillg to Grammaticalization ill COIl tact LAnguages. London: University Press, 71--94.
- - --(2001). African American English ill the Diaspora. Oxford: BlackwelL
- - and TURPIN, DANIELLE (1999). 'Does the FUTUR have a futu re in (Canadian)
Fre nch?', Probus 11.1: 133--64.
- -WALKE R, JAMES A., and MALCOLMSON, REBECCA (2006). 'An English "like no other"?
Language contact and change in Quebec', Canadian Journal of Linguistics 51: 185-213.
POSNER, REBECCA (1996). The Romance Languages. Cambridge: Camb ridg~ University
Press.
POST, BRECHT/E (2000). 'Tonal and phrasal structures in French intonation' (PhD thesis).
The Hague: Academic Graphics.
POST, MARK w. (2007). 'Grammaticalization and compounding in Thai and Chinese: a text
frequency approach', Studies in LAnguage 31: 117-7;.
POTTI!!R, BER NARD (1961). 'Sobre eJ concepto de "verbo auxiliar''', Nueva revista de jifofogia
hispanica 15: }25- 31.
858
REFERENCES
- -(1962). Semantique des elements de relation. Paris: Klincksieck.
- - (1969). Gmmmaire espagllole. Paris: PUF.
POULOS, GEORGE (1986). 'Instances of semantic bleaching in South-Eastern Bantu', in Gerrit
Jan Dimmendaal (ed.), Current Approaches to Africall Li"guistics, vol. 3. Dordrecht: Foris,
281---96.
POUNTAIN, CHRISTOPHER (1982). '''ESSERE/STARE as a Romance phenomenon: in Nigel
Vincent and Martin H arris (eds), Studies in the Romance Verb. London: Croom Helm,
139- 60.
POZAS-Loyo, JULIA (2008) . 'On the evolution of un in medieval and classical Spanish', paper
presented at the 36th Romance Linguistics Seminar, Trinity Hall, Cambridge.
PRASITHRATHSINT, AMARA (2006). 'Development of the thuuk passive marker in Thai', in
Werner Abraham and Larisa Leisio (eds), Passivization and Typology: Form and Fundio".
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 115-3I.
PRICE, GLANVILLE (1971). The French La'iguage: Present and Past. London: Arnold.
- -(2000). Encyclopedia of European Languages. Oxford: Blackwell.
PRINCE, ELLEN (1972). 'A note on aspect in English: the take a walk construction', in Senta
Plotz (ed.), Transformationelle Analyse. Frankfurt: Athenaum, 409-20.
- -(1981). 'On the inferencing of indefinite-this NPs', in A. K. Aravind et al. (eds),
Elemetlts of Discourse Understanding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 231-50.
- - (1992) . 'The ZPG letter: subjects, definiteness, and information-status', in W illiam
C. Mann and Sand ra A. Thompson (eds), Discourse Descriptio,,: Diverse Analyses of a
Fundraising Text. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 295- 325.
PULLEYBLANK, EOWIN G. (1995) Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
PULVBRMULLER, FRIEOEMANN (2002). The Neuroscience of Language: On Brain Circuits of
Words and Serial Order. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
PUSCH, LUlSB-F. (1984). Das Deutsche als Miinnersprache: Aufsiitze und Glossen zur feministischen Linguistil,. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
PUSTET, REG INA (2008) . 'Discourse frequency and the collapse of the adposition vs. affix
distinction in Lakota', in LOpez-Couso and Seoane (2008: 269-92).
PUTZU, IGNAZIO, and RAMAT, PAOLO (2001). 'Articles and quantifiers in the Mediterranean
languages: a typological-diachronic analysis', in Walter Bisang (ed.), Aspects of Typology
and Universals. Berlin: Akademie, 99-132.
QUIRK, RANDOL PH, GREENBAUM, SIDNEY, LEECH, GEOFFREY, and SVARTVIK, JAN (1972). A
Grammar of Contemporary English. London: Longman.
- - -- - -- - (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London:
Longman.
RAOLOFF, WILHELM (1911). Versuch cines Wdrterbuchs der Turk-Dialekte, 4. St Petersburg:
Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften.
RAMAT, PAOLO (1992). 'Thoughts on degrammaticalization', Linguistics 30: 549-60.
- - (1996). "'Allegedly John is ill again": strategies pour Ie mediatif', in Guentcheva (1996:
287--98) .
- - (1998). 'Typological comparison and linguistic areas: some introductory remarks ~
Language Sciences 20.3: 227- 40.
- - (1999) · 'Linguistic categories and linguists' categorizations', Linguistics 37: 157- 80.
REFERENCES
859
- - (2001). 'Degrammaticalization or transcategorialization?', in Chris Schaner-Wolles,
John Rennison, and Friedrich Neubarth (cds), NawralIy! Linguistic Studies in Honour
of Wolfgang Ulrich Dressler. Turin: Rosenbach & SeHier, 393-401.
- - (2002). 'Die monolexikalischen Adverbien in den alten indoeuropjiischen Sprachen',
in F. Schmoe (ed.), Vas Adverb: Zentrum und Peripherie ciner WortHam. Vienna:
Praesens, 17- 24.
- - (2006). 'Marginalia sulla grammaticaJizzazione', in R. Bombi et al. (eds), Studi linguistici ill onore di Roberto Gusman;, vol. 3, Alessandria: Edizioni dell'Orso, 1435-43.
--(2008). 'Les adverbes latins du point de vue de I'indo-europeen', in M. Fruyt and
S. Van Laere (eds), Adverbes et evolution linguistique en latin. Paris: L'Harmattan, 13-24.
- - and RICCA, DAVIOE (1994). 'Prototypical adverbs: on the scalarity/radiality o f the
notion of ADVERB', Rivista di linguistica 6: 289-326.
----(1998). '$entence adverbs in the languages of Europe', in Tohan van de r Auwe ra
(ed.), Adverbial Constructions in the Languages of Europe. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
187-285.
RAMIREZ, HENRI (1994) . 'Le parler Yanomami des Xamatauteri', PhD dissertation, University of Provence.
RAMISCH, HEINRICH (1989). The Variation of English in Guernsey/Channel Islands. Frankfurt: Lang.
.
RAMSTEDT, GUSTAF JOHN (1939). A Korean Grammar. Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen
$eura.
- - (1957). Ein{uhrung in die altilische Sprachwissensthaft, 1: Lnutlehre. Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura.
RAND, DAVID, and SANKOFF, DAVID (1990). Goldvarb .2.1: A Variable Rule Application for the
Macintosh. Montreal. Centre de Recherches Mathematiques, UnivE;rsity of Montreal.
Version 2: http://www-.crm.umontreal.ca/-sankofflGoldVarb_ Eng.html
RATHMANN, CHRISTIAN (2000). 'The optionality of agreement phrase: evidence from
signed languages', master's thesis, University of Texas at Austin.
--(2005). 'Event structure in American Sign Language', PhD dissertation, University of
Texas at Austin.
RAUMOLIN-BRUNBERG, H ELENA (1994) . 'The development of the compound pronouns in
-body and -one in Early Modern English', in Dieter Kastovsky (ed.), Studies in Early
Modern English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 301- 24.
- - (2005). 'Language change in adulthood: historical letters as evidence', European Journal of English Studies 9.1 (thematic issue on letters and letter writing, ed. Minna Nevala
and Minna Palander-Collin): 37-51.
--(2006). 'Leaders oflinguistic change in Early Modern England', in Robe rta Facchinetti
and Matti Rissanen (cds), Corpus-Bcued Studies of Diachronic English. Frankfurt am
Main: Lang, 115-34.
- -(2009). 'Lifespan changes in the language of three earl y modern gentlemen', in Nurmi
et al. (2009: 165-96).
RAYF IELD, JOAN RACHEL (1970). The Language of a Bilingual Community. The Hague:
Mouton.
RECANATI, FRANC;:OIS (1989). 'The pragmatics of what is said', Mind and Language 4:
295-329·
REICHENBACH, HANS (1947). Elements of Symbolic Logic. London: Macmillan. Repr. 1980
(Dover).
860
REFERENCES
RENCK, GUNTHER (1975). A Grammar ofYagaria. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
RENZI, LORENZO (1976). 'Grammatica e storia dell'articolo italiano', Studi di grammatica
ita/iana 5: 5- 42.
--(1985). Nuova introduzione alia filologia romanza. Bologna: II Mulino.
Renzi, Luigi, and Salvi, Giampaolo (eds) (1991). Grande grammatica di consultazione.
Bologna: II Mulino.
RHEE, SEONGHA (1996). 'Semantics of verbs and grammaticalization: the development in
Korean from a cross-linguistic perspective', PhD dissertation, University of Texas at
Austin.
- - (2002a). 'From silence to grammar: grammaticalization of ellipsis in Korean', paper
presented at the 'New Reflections on Grammaticalization II' conference, 3- 6 April,
University of Amsterdam.
- -(2002b). 'Grammaticalization of postpositionoids from movement verbs in Korean:
paper presented at the International Conference on Adpositions of Movement, 14- 16
January, Catholic University of Leuven.
--(2004). 'From discourse to grammar: grammaticalization and lexicalization of rhetorical questions in Korean', LACUS Forum 30: 413- 23.
- - (2008). 'Subjectification of reported speech in grammaticalization and lexicalization',
Harvard Studies in Korean Linguistics 12: 590-603.
- - (2009a). 'On the rise and fall of Korean nominalizers', in LOpez-Couse and Seoane
(2008: 239-"64).
- - (2009b). 'Through a borrowed mouth: reported speech and subjectification in
Korean; LACUS Forum 34: 201- 10.
- - (2009'). 'Consequences of invisibility: paradigm creation from an eroded light verb',
paper presented at the 19th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, 10-14
August. Radboud University.
- -(in press). 'Nominalization and stance marking in Korean', in Foong Ha Yap, Karen
Grunow-Harsta, and Janick Wrona (eds), Nominalizatlon in Asian Languages: Diachronic
and Typological Perspectives, voL 2: Korean, Japanese and Austronesian Languages.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
RICCA, DAvlDE (1998). 'La morfologia avverbiale tra flessione e derivazione', in G. Bernini et
al. (eds), Ars linguistica. Rome: Bulzoni, 447-66.
RICE, KEREN (1993). 'The structure of the Slave (northern Athapaskan) verb; in Sharon
Hargus and Ellen Kaisse (eds), Issues in Lexical Phonology. San Diego, CA: Academic
Press, 145-71.
- - (1998). 'Slave (Northern Athapaskan)', in Andrew Spencer and Arnold Zwicky (eds),
The Handbook of Morphology. Oxford: Blackwell, 648-89.
--(2000). Morpheme Order and Semantic Scope: Word Formation in the Athapaskan Verb.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
RICHJl.RDS, MARC (2008). 'Two kinds of variation in a minimalist system: Linguistische
Arbeitsberichte 8T 133-62. http://www.uni-leipzig.de/-asw/lab/lab87/LAB87_richards.
pdf.
RICKMEYER, JENS (1995). Japanische Morphosyntax. Heidelberg: Groos.
RIDRUE'O, EM ILIO (2000). 'Modo y modalidad: el modo en las subordinadas sustantivas', in
I. Bosque and V. Demonte (eds), Gramdtica descriptiva de la lengua espanola. Madrid:
Espasa-Calpe. 3206--51.
RIJKHOFF, JAN (2002). The Noun Phrase. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
REFE R ENCES
861
RINGE, DON (Z003). 'Internal reconstruc tion', in Joseph and Janda (Z003: Z44-61).
- - (Z006) . From Proia-Indo-European 10 Prolo-Germanic. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
RlSCII EL, JOERGEN (1995). Minor Mlabri. Copenhagen: Museum Tuscula neum.
Rissanen, Matti, Kyt6, Merja, and Heikkonen, Kirsi (eds) (1997). Grammaticalization at
Work: Studies of Long-TernJ Developments in English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
RIZZI, LUIGI (1982). Issues in Italian Linguistics. Do rdrecht: Foris.
- - (1997). 'The fine structure of the left periphery', in L. Haegeman (cd.), Elements of
Grammar. Dordrecht: Kl uwer, 281- 337.
ROBBEETS, MART INE (Z007) . 'The causati ve-passive in Trans-Eurasian languages', Turkic
Languages 11.Z: 235- 78.
ROBERTS, IAN (1993a) . 'A formal account of grammaticalizatio n in the history of Romance
futures', Folia Linguistica Historica 13: 219- 58.
- - (1993b). Verbs and Diachronic Syntax: A Comparative History of English and Prench.
Dordrecht: Kluwer.
- -a nd Roussou, ANNA (1999). 'A fo rmal approach to grammaticalization: Linguistics 37:
101l- 4l.
- - - -(Z003). Syntactic Change: A Minimalist Approach to Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
RoaIN!>, R. H. (2002). 'The wo rd in American st ruct uralism', in D. A. Cruse, Franz
Hundsnurscher, Michael Job, and Peter Ro lf Lutzeier (eds), Lexicology: An ltltemational
Handbook OIl the Nature mld Structure of Words and Vocabularies, vol. I . Berlin: de
Gruyter, 138- 43.
RODRIGUEZ, JOAo (1976[1604]) . Arte da tingoa de lapam. Tokyo: Benseisha.
RO HLFS, GERHARD (1966-9) . Grammatica storica della lingua italiana e dei suoi dialetti. 3
vols. Turin: Einaudi.
ROMAINE, SUZANNE, and LANG!::, DEBORAH (1991) . 'The use of like as a marker of reported
speech and thought: a case of grammaticalization in progress', American Speech 66.3:
227- 79·
ROOTH, MATS (1992). 'A theory of focus interpretation', Natural Language Semantics I :
75- 116.
ROSCH, ELEANOR, MERV IS, CAROLYN 8., GRAY, WAYNE D., JO HNSON, DAV ID M ., and BoYEsBRAE M, PENNY (J976). 'Basic objects in na tu ral categories', Cognitive Psychology 8.3:
382-439·
ROSENBACH, ANETTE (1004). 'The English s-genitive: a case of degra mmaticalization?', in
Fischer et al. (Z004: 73- 96).
ROSENKVIST, H ENRIK (1008). 'A case of degrammaticalizatio n in Northern Swedish', paper
presented at the 'Continuity and Change in Grammar' wo rkshop, Unive rsity of Cambridge, March.
Ross, MALCOLM D. (1996) . 'Contact-induced change and the comparative method: cases
from Papua New Guinea', in Mark Durie and Malcolm U. l{oss (eds), The Comparative
Method Reviewed: Regularity and Irregularity in Language Challge. New York: Oxford
University Press, 180- 217.
- - (ZOOI). 'Contact-induced change in Oceanic languages in North-West Melanesia', in
Aikhcnvald a nd Dixon (2001 : 134--Q6) .
ROWLETT, PAUL (1998). Sentelltial Negation in French. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
862
REFERENCES
'0
RUSSA,
(1994). 'Grammaticization as semantic change: a case study of preposition
develo pment', in Pagliuca (1994: 81- 101).
Ryu, RYUL (1990). Cosenmallyeksa fA his tory of Koreanl 1. Pyongyang: Sahoykwahak.
SABATIN I, FRANCESCO (198S). 'L' "italiano dell'uso medio": una reaita tra Ie va rieta linguistiche italiane', in G. Holtus and E. Radtke (cds), Gesprochenes Ttalienisch in Geschichte und
Gegenwarr, Tubingen: Narr, IS5-84.
SACKS, HARVEY (1992). Lectures on Conversation, voL 2. Oxford: BlackwelL
- -and SCHEGLOFF, EMANUEL (1979). 'Two preferences in the organization of reference to
persons in conversation and their interaction', in George Psathas (ed.), Everyday Language: Studies in Ethnomethodology. New York: Irvington, IS-21.
SAOOCK, 'ERROLO M. (1991). Auto/exical Syntax: A Theory of Parallel Grammatical Components. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
S.£B0, K,ELL 'OHAN (2009) . 'Possession and pertinence: the meaning of have', Natural
Language Semantics 17.4: 369-97.
SAGART. LAURENT (1993). 'L'infixe -r- en chinois archa"ique'. Bulletin de la Sodete Linguisrique de Paris 88.1: 261- 93.
SAID ALI, MANUEL (1971). Gramatica historica da lingua portuguesa. Rio de , aneiro: Livraria
Academica.
SALVI, GIAMPAOLO (2004). La formazione del/a struttura di frase romanza: ordine delle parole
e clitici dallatino aile lingue romanze antiche. Tubingen: Niemeyer.
Sampson, Geoffrey, Gil, David, and TrudgiJI, Peter (eds) (2009). Language Complexity as an
Evolving Variable. Oxford: Oxford University Pres..~.
SANDLER, WENDY, and LILI.O-MARTIN, DIANE (2006) . Sign Languages and Linguistic Uni versals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- -MEIR, IRIT, DACHKOVSKY, SVETLANA, PADDEN, CAROL, and ARONOFF. MARK (forthcoming). 'The emergence of complexity in prosody and syntax', Lingua.
SANKOFF, DAVID (1988). 'Sociolinguistics and syntactic variation', in Frederick J. Newmeyer
(ed.), Linguistics: The Cambridge Survey, 4: Language: 1'he Socio-cultural Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 140--61.
SANKOFF, DAVID, TAGUAMONTE, SAU, and SMITH, ERIC (200S). GoldVarbX: A Variable Rille
Application for Macintosh and Windows. Department of Mathematics, University of
Ottawa, and Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto.
SANKOFF, GI LLIAN (1990). 'The grammaticalization of tense and aspect in Tok Pisin and
Sranan', Language Variation and Change 2.3: 29S-312.
- - and VINCENT, DIANE (19n). 'L'emploi productif de ne dans Ie fran,ais parle a
Montreal', Le franfClis moderne 4S: 243-s6.
SAPIR, EDWARD (1921). Language. New York: Harcourt, Brace.
SAPOUNTZAKI, GALINI (200S). 'Free functional elements of tense, aspect, modality and
agreement as possible auxiliaries in Greek Sign Language', PhD dissertation, University of
Bristol.
SASSE, HANS-,URGEN (2006). 'Aspect and Aktionsart: in Keith Brown (00.), E,zcyclopedia of
Language and Linguistics, 2nd edn. Oxford: Elsevier, S3S- 8.
SAUSSURE, FERDINAND DE (1916). Cours de linguistique generale. Paris: Payol.
SAUS5URE, [.()UIS DE (2006). Temps et pertinence: elements de pragmatique cognitive du
temps. Brussels: De Boeck- Duculot.
SCHEGLOFF, EMANUEL A. (2007). Sequence Organization in Interaction: A Primer in Conversation Analysis, vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
REFERENCES
863
SCHERMER, TRUDE (2003) . ' From variant to standard: an overview of the standardization
process o f the lexicon of Sign Language of the Netherlands over two decades', Sign
Language Studies 3: 469-86.
$CHIERING, RENE (2006). 'Cliticization and the evolution of morphology: a cross-linguistic
study on phonology and grammaticalization: PhD dissertation, University of Constance.
- - HILDEIlRANOT, KRISTINE, and BICKEL, BALTHASAR (2010). 'The prosodic word is not
universal, but emergent' Journal of Linguistics 46: 657-709.
$CHI FfRIN, DEBORAH (1987) . Discourse Markers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
SCHLADT, MATHIAS (2000). 'The typology and grammaticalization of reflexives~ in Zygmunt Frajzyngicr and Traci S. Curl (cds), Reflexives: Forms and FUlletions. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 103-24.
SCHLEGEL, AUGUST W ILHELM VON (1818). Observations sur la langue et la litterature
provenfales. Paris: Librairie grecque-latine-allemande.
SCHLICHTER, ALICE (1986). 'The origin and deictic nature of Wintu evidentials', in Chafe
and Nichols (1986: 46-59).
SCHLUTER, JULIA (to appear). 'To dare to or not to: is auxiliarization reversible?', in Kristin
Davidse, Jean-Christophe Verstraete, and An van Linden (eds), Grammaticalizarion and
Grammar. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
ScHMIDTKE-BoDE, KARSTEN (2009) . 'Going-to-Vand gonna-Vin child language: a quantita tive approach to constructional development', Cognitive Linguistics 20: 509-38.
ScHMITZ, HANS-CHRISTIAN, and SCHRODER, BERNHARD (2004). 'Updates with eigentlich',
Sprache und Datenverarbeitung 28.1: 87-96.
SCHOESLER, L (2006). 'Grammaticalisation et degrammaticalisation: etude des constructions progressives en frano;:ais du type Pierre va/vient/est chantant'. Cahiers Chronos 16:
91-119·
SCHOLZE, LENKA (2008). Das grammatische System der obersorbischen UmgangSjprache im
Sprachkontakt. Bautzen: Domowina.
- -(to appear). 'On the grammaticalization of the definite article in Colloquial Upper
Sorbian (CUS)', in Bjorn Wiemer, Bjorn Hansen, and Bernhard Walchli (eds), Grammatical Replication and Grammatical Borrowability in Language Bontact. Berlin: Mouton
de Gruyter.
SCHONIG, CLAUS (1998): 'Suffixartige und postpositionelle Ausdriicke fur instrumentales
und komitatives "mit" im Turkischen', in K. Imer and L. Uzun (cds), Dogan Ahan
Armagam. Ankara: Ankara Universitesi Dil ve Tarih-Cografya FakiHtesi, 145- 54.
SCHROEDER, CHR ISTOPHE (2006). 'Articles and article systems in some languages in
Europe', in G. Bernini and Marcia L. Schwartz (eds), Pragmatic Organization of Discourse
in the Languages of Europe. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 545- 601.
SCHUH. RUSSELL (1983). 'The evolution of determiners in Chadic~ in E. Wolf and H. MeyerBahlburg (cds), Studies in Chadic and Afroasiatic Languages. Hamburg: Buske, 157- 210.
SCHWARZE, CHR ISTOPH (2003): "'Bleiben" und "werden": wr Polysemie von it. rimanere', in
A. Blank and P. Koch (eds), Kognitive romanische Onomasiologie und Semasiologie.
Tiibingen: N iemeyer, 19-32.
SCHWEGLER, ARM IN (1988). 'Word-order changes in predicate negation strategies in
Romance languages', Diachronica 6.1-2: 21-58.
- - (1990) . Analyticity and Syntheticity: A DiachrOllic Perspective with Special Reference to
Romance Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
864
REPBRENCES
SCHWENTER, SCOTT A. (1994). 'The grammaticalization of an anterior in progress: evidence
from a peninsular Spanish d ialect', Studies in Ltlrlguage 18.1: 71- 112.
- - (2006). ' Fine-tuning Jespersen's Cycle', in Betty J. Bimer and Gregory Ward (eds),
Drawing the Boundaries of Meaning: Neo-Gricean Studies in Pragmatics and Semantics in
Honor of lAurence R. Horn. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 3Z7-44.
- - and TORRES CACOULLOS, RENA (1008). 'Oefaults and indeterminacy in temporal
grammaticalization: the perfect road to perfective', lAnguage Variation and Change 20:
1-39·
SCaLLON, RON (1976). 'Types of construction', in Conversations with a One Year Old: A Case
Study of the Developmental Foundation of Syntax. Honolulu: Unive rsity of Hawai'i Press,
149-74·
SEILER, HANSJAKOB (2008). Universality in LAnguage Beyond Grammar: Selected Writings
1~2007. Boc.hum: Brockmeyer.
SEKI, Lucy (1000). Gramtitica do Kamaiurti, lingua Tupi-Guarani do Alto Xingu. Campinas:
Unicamp.
SELIG, MARIA (1992). Die Entwicklung der Nominaldeterminanten im Spiitlatein. Tilbingen:
Narr.
SENGHAS, ANN (1995). 'Children's contribution to the birth of Nicaraguan Sign Language',
PhD dissertation,Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- - and COPPOLA, MARI E (ZOOI). 'Children creating language: how Nicaraguan Sign
Language acquired a spatial grammar', Psychological Science IZ: 323-8.
Seoane, Elena, and LOpez-COU50, Maria JOst (eds) (zo08). Theoretical and EmpiricalTS$ues
in Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
SEVORTJAN'. ERVAN'D_V. (1974). Etimologiceskij slovar' tjurkskix jazykOll, 1. Moskva: Na uka.
SEXTON'. AMY L. (1999). 'Grammaticatization in American Sign Language', LAnguage
Sciences 21: 105-41.
SHARMA, O.eVYANI (2009). 'Typological diversity in New Englishes', English World-Wide30:
171>-95·
SHEPHERD, SUSAN C (198Z) . ' From deontic to epistemic: an analysis of modals in the
history of English. creoles, and language acquisition', in Ahlquist (1982: 316-23).
SH IBATAN'I, MASAYOSHI (1985). ' Passives and related constructions: a prototype analysis',
LAnguage 61: 821-48.
Shopen, Timothy (ed). (198512007). Language Typology and Sytltactic Description. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2nd edn 2007.
SIEWIERSlCA, ANNA (1993). 'Syntactic weight vs. information-structure and word order
variation in Polish: Journal of Linguutics 29: 233-65.
--(2004). Person. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
--(2008). 'Verbal person marking', in Haspelmath et aI. (2008: ch. 102): http://wals.info/
featureho2.
SIMON-VANOBN'BI!RGEN, ANNE-MARIE, and AUMI!R, KARIN (200J/4). 'The expectation
marker of course', Languages in Contrast 4.1: 13-43.
SIMPSON, ANDRRW, and Wu, XIU-ZHI lop. (2002). 'Agreement shells and foc us', Language
78.2: 287-)1).
SKARUP, POVl (1975). Les premieres zones de la proposition en ancien franft/is. Copenhagen:
Akademisk.
REFERENCES
865
SLOBIN, DAN I. (1985). 'Cross-linguistic evidence for language-making capacity', in Dan
1. Slobin (ed.), TIle Cross-finguistic Study of Language Acquisition, voL 2: Theoretical
ISSUe5. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1157- 1249.
- - (1994). 'Talking perfectly: discourse origins of the present perfect: in Pagliuca (1994:
11'}--33).
- - (1997). 'The origins of grammaticizable notions: beyond the individual mind', in
D. 1. Slobin (ed.), The Crosslinguisric Study of Language Acquisition, vol. 5: Expanding
the Contexts. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 265- 323.
- - (2002) . 'Language evolution, acquisition and diachrony: probing parallels', in Talmy
Givon and Bertram F. Halle (eds), The Evolutioll of Language alld Pre-language.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 375- 392.
SMITH, ANDREW D. M. (2006). 'Semantic reconstructibility and the complexification of
language', in Angelo Cangelosi, Andrew D. M. Smith, and Kc.,JY Smith (eds), TIle
Evolution of Language, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference (EVOLANG6),
Rome. World Scientific, 307-14.
--(2008). 'Protolanguage reconstructed: Interaction Studies 9.1: lOo-n 6.
- -(forthcoming). 'The cognitive origins of linguistic complexity', in Michelle Aldridge
and June Luchjenbroers (eds), Conceptual Structure and Li.nguistics Research, voL 2:
Cognitive Linguistics Applied Across Contexts of Use. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
SMITH, K. AARON (2001). 'The role of frequency in the specialization of the English
anterior', in Bybee and Hopper (2001: 361- 82).
SMITH, KENNY (2006). 'Cultural evolution of language', in Keith Brown (ed.), TIle Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Oxford: Elsevier, 315- 22.
- -and KI RBY, SIMON (2008). 'Cultural evolution: implications for understanding the
human language faculty and its evolution', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
of London, serie5 B: Biological Sciences, 363: 3591-3603.
SMITH, WAYNE H. (1990). 'Evidence for auxiliaries in Taiwanese Sign Language: in
S. Fischer and P. Siple (eds), Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Research, voL 1: Linguistics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 211- 28.
SNEDDON, JAMES (1996). Indonesian. London: Routledge.
SOHN, HO-MIN (2001[ 1999]). The Korean Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press.
SOHN, SUNG-OCK (1995). 'On the development of sentence-final particles in Korean',
Japanese/Korean Linguistics 5: 219-34·
- -and PARK, MEE-JEONG (2002) . 'Discourse, grammaticalization, and intonation: an
analysis of ketun in Korean', Japane5e1Korean Linguistics 10: 306-19.
SOLTA, GEORG R. (1980). EinjUhrung in die Balkanlinguistik mit besonderer Berucksichtigullg
de5 Substrats und des Balkalilateillischen. Darmstadt: Wissenschahliche Buchgesellschah.
SONG, JAB JUNG (2005) . The Korean Language: Structure, Use and Context. New York:
Routledge.
SPEAS, MARGARET (1984). 'NavajO prefixes and word structure typology', in Margaret Speas
and Richard Sproat (eds), Papers from the January 1984 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Workshop in Morphology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 7,
86-109·
- -( 1990). Phrase Structure jlZ Natural Language. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
- - (1991). 'Functional heads and the Mirror Principle', Lingua 84: 181-214.
866
REFERENces
SPENCER, ANDREW (2008). 'Does Hungarian have a case system?', in Corbett and Noonan
(2008: 35-56).
SPERBER, DAN, and WILSON, DEIRDRE (1995[1936]). Relevance: Communication lind Cogni~
tio'i. Oxford; BlackweU.
SQUARTlNI, MARIO (1998). Verbal Periphrases in Romance: Aspect, Acrianality and Grammaticalization. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
--(2008). 'Lexical ¥s. grammatical evidentiaJity in French and Italian', Linguistics 46:
9 17-47.
STAMPE, DAVID (1969). 'The acquisition of phonetic representation', Chicago Linguistics
Society 5: 443-54·
Stark, Elisabeth, Leiss, Elisabeth, and Werner, Abraham (oos) (2007). Nominal Determinlltion: Typowgy, Context Constraints, and Historical Emergence. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
STAROSTA, STANLEY (1985). 'Relator nouns as a source of case inflection: in V. Acson and
R. LeOO (OOs), For Gordon Fairbanks. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1II-33.
STASSEN, LEON (2001). 'Noun phrase coordination', in Martin Haspelmath et aI. (eds),
LAnguage Typology and LAnguage Universals: An International Handbook. Berlin: Mouton
de Gruyter, 1105-11.
ST£ELE, SUSAN M. (1978). 'The category AUX as a language universal', in J. J. Greenberg
(00.), Universals of Human umguage, vol. 3: Word Structure. Stanford, CA: Stanford
University Press, 7-45.
--AKMAJAIAN, A., DEMERS, R, JELINIEK, E., KITAGAWA, C., OEHRLE, R, and WASOW, T.
(1981). An Encyclopedia ofAUX: A Study in Cross-Linguistic Equivalence. Cambridge, MA:
MIT Press.
STBBNSIG, JAKOB, and ASMUSS, BIRTE (2005). 'Notes on disaligning "yes but" initiated
utterances in German and Danish conversations: two construction types for dispreferred
responses', in A. Hakulinen and M. Selting (eds), Syntax and texis in Conversation:
Studies on the Use of Linguistic Resources in Talk-in -lnteraction. Amsterdam: Benjamins,
349-73·
STEFANINI, R. (1982). 'Reflexive. impersonal, and passive in Italian and Florentine', in
M. MacAulay et al. (OOs), Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley
Lillguistic Society: 97-'108.
STEIN, GABRIELS (1991). 'The phrasal type "to have a look" in Modern English', Interna-
tional Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 19: 1- 29.
STIiINBACH, MARKUS, and PFAU, ROLAND (2007). 'The grammaticalization of auxiliaries in
sign languages', in P. Perniss, R. Pfau. and M. Steinbach (005), Visible Variation: Crosslillguistic Studies on Sign LAnguage Structure. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 303-39.
STEiCAUER, PAVOL (2000). English Word-Fonnation: A History of Research, 1960-1995. Berlin:
Narr.
STENSTROM, ANNA-BRITA (1998). ' From sentence to discourse: cos (because) in teenage talk',
in Andreas H. Jucker and Yael Ziv (eds), Discourse Markers: Descriptions and Theory.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 127-46.
STEPHANY, URSUL.A (1986). 'ModaJity', in Paul Fletcher and Michael Garman (OOs), LAnguage Acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 375-400.
STOKOE, WILLIAM C. (1960). 'Sign language structure: an outline of the communication
systems of the American deaf'. Studies in Linguistics, Occasional Papers 8. University of
Buffalo (Reissued 1978, Unstak Press, Silver Spring, MD.)
REFERENCES
867
STOLZ, THOMAS (1991). 'Agglutinationstheorie und Grammatikalisierungsforschung: einige
alte u nd neue Gedanken wr Entstehung von gebundener Morphologie', Zeitschrift fUr
Phonetik, Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung 44.3: 325-38.
- - STROH, CORNEUA, and URDZE, A!NA (2006). On Comitatives and Related Categories. A
Typological Study with Special Focus on the Languages of Europe. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter.
STRANG, BARBARA M. H. (1970) . A History of English. London: Methuen.
SUN, CHAOFEN (1996) . Word-Order Change and Grammaticalization in the History of
Chinese. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
- - (1997). 'Ambiguity in context-induced semantic changes: the history of the Chinese
BA construction', Journal of Chinese Linguistics Monograph 10: 225-56.
- - (2001) . 'Semantically conditioned shifts in Chinese', Cahiers de linguistique Asie Or-
ientale 30: 133- 78.
--(2008). 'Zhuguanh ua yu xiandai hanyu "ba"ziju yanjiu' [A study of subjectification
and the Modern Chinese "ba" construction]' in Yang Shen and Shengli Feng (eds),
Dandai yuyanxue Ii/un he hanyu yanjiu [Contemporary linguistic theories and rd ated
studies on Chinese]. Beijing: Commercial Press, 375--93.
--and GIVON, TALMY (1985). 'On the so-called SOY order in Mandarin Chinese: a
quantified text study and its implications', Language 61: 329-51.
SUNDGREN, EVA (2009). 'The varying influence of social and linguistic factors on language
stability and change: the case of Eskilstuna', Language Variation and Change 21: 97-133.
SUPALLA, TED (1986). 'The classifier system in American Sign Language', in Craig (1986:
181-214).
SUZUKI, RYOKO (1998). ' From a lexical noun to an utterance-final pragmatic particle: wake',
in Toshio Ohori (ed.), Studies in Japanese Grammaticalization. Tokyo: Kurosio Syuppan,
67--92.
- -(1999). 'Grammaticization in Japanese: a study of pragmatic particle-ization', PhD
dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara.
- (2007) '(Inter)subjectification in the quotative tte in Japanese conversation: local
change, utterance-ness and verb-ness', Journal of Historical Pragmatics 8.2: 207- 37.
- - (2008). 'Quoting and to pic-marking: some observations on the quotative tteconstruction in Japanese', in Ritva Laury (ed.), Crosslinguistic Studies of Clause Combining.
Amsterdam: Benjamins, 233- 46.
SUZUKI, SATOKO (1999). 'Marker of unexpected statements: an analysis of the quotative
particle datt/!, Journal of the Association of Teachers of Japanese 33.1: 44-67.
SVARTVIK, JAN (ed.), London- Lund Corpus of Spoken English (LLC).
SWAN, TORI L (1988) . Sentence Adverbials in English: A Synchronic and Diachronic Investigation. TromS0: University of TromsJi).
- - (1997). 'From manner to subject modification: adverbialization in English', Nordic
-
Journal of Linguistics 20: 179-95.
SWEETSER, EVE E. (1982). 'Root and epistemic modals: causality in two worlds', Proceedings
of the Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 8: 484- 507.
- - (1990). From Etymology to Pragmatics: Metaphorical and Cultural Aspects ofSemalltics
Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
SZMRECSANYI, BENEDIKT (2006) . Morphosyntactic Persistence in Spoken English: A Corpus
Study at the Intersection of Variationis f Sociolinguistics, Psycholinguistics, and Discourse
Analysis. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
868
REFERENCES
--and KORTMANN, BERND (2009). 'Vernacular universals and angloversals in a typological perspective', in Markku Filppula, Juhani KJemola, and Helli Paulasto (eds), Vernacu-
lar Universals and Language Contacts: Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond.
London: Routledge, 33-53.
TABOR, WHITNEY, and ThAUGOTI, ELIZABETH CLOSS (1998). 'Structural scope expansion
and grammaticalization', in Anna Giacalone Ramat and Paul J. Hopper (eds), The Limits
ofGrammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 229-72..
TAGL!AMONTE, SAL! (2002). 'Comparative sociolinguistics', in J. K. Chambers, Peter Trudgill, and Natalie Schilling-Estes (eds), Handbook of ulIlguage Variation and Change.
Oxford: BlackweU, 72.9-63.
- -(2003) . 'Every place has a different toll: determinants of grammatical variation in
cross-variety perspective', in GUnter Rohdenburg and Britta Mondorf (eds), Determinants of Grammatical Variation in English. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 531-54.
--(2004). 'Have to, gotta, must: grammaticalisation, variation and specialization in
English deontic modality', in Lindquist and Mair (2004a: 33-55)·
--(1006). Analysing Sociolinguistic Variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - and D'ARev, ALEXANDRA (1007). 'Frequency and variation in the community grammar: tracking a new change through the generations', Language Variation and Change 19:
199-2 17.
- ---(2009). ' Peaks beyond phonology: adolescence, incrementation, and language
change', Language 85-1: 58-108.
--and SM ITH, JENNIFER (1006). 'Layering, competition and a twist of fate: deontic
modality in dialects of English', Diachronica 13.1, 341-80.
TAKASHIMA, KEN-leHI (1996). 'Language and palaeography', in Michiharu ItO and Ken-ichi
Takashima (eds), Shldies in Early Chjnese Civilization: Religion, Socjety, Language and
Palaeography, part 1. Hirakata: Kansai Gaidai University Press.
TALLBRMAN, MAGGIE (2007). 'Did our ancestors speak a holistic protolanguage?', Lingua
1'7.3: 579-604.
TALMY, LEONARD (1983). 'How language structures space', in Herbert L. Pick and Linda
P. Acredolo (eds), Spacial Orientation: Theory, Research, and Application. New York:
Plenum, 115-81.
- - (1988). 'Force dynamics in language and cognition', Cognitive Science 12: 49-100.
TALMY, LEONARD (1996) . 'Fictive motion in language and "ception"', in Paul Bloom et al.
(eds), Language and Space. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 211-76.
- - (2000). Toward a Cognitive Semantics, vols 1 and 2. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
TANAKA, HIROKO (t999). Tum-Taking in Japanese Conversation: A Study in Grammar a"d
Interaction. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
TANNEN, DEBORAH, and WALLAT, CYNTHIA (1993[ 1987]). 'Interactive frames and knowledge schemas in interaction: examples from a medical examination/interview', in Debora h Tannen (ed.), Framing in Discourse. New York: Oxford University Press, 57-76.
(OriginaUy appeared in Social Psychology Quarterly 50.1: 205-16 (1987).)
TATEVOSOV, SERGEI G. (1001). 'From resultatives to evidentials: multiple uses of the perfect
in Nakh-Daghestanian languages', Journal of Pragmatics 33: 443-64·
TAU LI , VALTER (1958). The Structural Tendencies ofLallguages. Helsinki: Finnish Academy of
Sciences.
- - ( 1966). Structural Tendencies in Uralic Languages. The Hague: Mouton.
REFERENCES
869
TAYLOR, ANN, and VAN VER WURFF, W IM (eds) (2OOS). Aspects ofOVand VO Order in the
History of English. Special issue, English Language and Linguistics 9.
TAYLOR, JOHN R. (199S). Linguistic Categorization: Prototypes in Linguistic Theory. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
TERVOORT, BERNARD T. M. (19S3). Structurele Analyse van Visueel Taalgebruik Bimzen een
Groep Dove Kinderen. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandse Uitgeversmaatschappij.
T FA: Textes de Fran~ais Ancien: http://www.lib.uchicago.edu.leftslARTFUprojectsITLA
THOMASON, SARAH GREY (2001). Language Contact: An Introduction. Washington, DC:
Georgetown University Press.
- -(2010). 'Contact explanations in linguistics', in Raymond Hickey (ed.), The Handbook
of Language Contact. Oxford: Blackwell, 31- 47.
--and KAUFMAN, TERRENCE (1988). Language Contact, Creolizarion, and Genetic Linguistics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
THOMPSON, SANDRA A. (2002) . '''Object complements" and conversation: towards a realistic account', Studies in Language 26: 125-64.
- -and COUPER- KuHLEN, EUZABETH (200S). 'The clause as a locus of grammar and
interaction', Discourse Studies 7: 481--50S.
- -loNGACRE, ROBERT E., and HWANG, SHIN JA J. (2007). 'Adve~bial clauses', in Shopen
(200T, ii.237- 300).
--and MULAC, ANTHONY (1991). 'A quantitative perspective on the grammaticization of
epistemic parentheticals in English', in Traugott and Heine (1991b: 313-29).
THURGOOD, GRAHAM (1986). 'The nature and origins of the Akha evidentials system: in
Chafe and Nichols (1986: 214- 22).
T IMBERLAKE, ALAN (1977). 'Reanalysis and actualization in syntactic change: in Li (1977:
141-77).
TOBLER, ALFRED, and LoMMATZSCH, ERHARD (1925- 2002). AltJranziisisches Worterbuch.
Berlin: Weidmann and Wiesbaden: Steiner.
TOMASELLO, MICHAEL (2.003) . Constructing a Language: A Usage-Based Theory of Language
Acquisition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
--(2008). Origins of Human Communication. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- - CARPENTER, MALINDA, CALL, JOSEP, BEHNE, TANYA, and MoLL, HENRIKE (2005).
'Understanding and sharing intentions: the origins of cultural cognition', Behavioral and
Brain Sciences 28: 675-735.
TOMLIN, RUSSELL S. (1990). 'Functionalism in second language acquisition', Studies in
Second Language Acquisition 12: IS5- 77.
TOMMOLA, H ANNU (2.000). 'On the perfect in North Slavic', in Osten Dahl (ed.), Tense and
Aspect in the Languages of Europe. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 441- 78.
TORRES CACOULLOS, RENA (t999). 'Variation and grammaticalization in progressives:
Spanish -ndo constructions', Studies in Language 23·1: 25- 99.
- - (2000). Grammaticization, Synchronic Variation, and Language Contact: A Study of
Spanish Progressive '~ndo' Constructions. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
~(200l). 'From lexical to grammatical to social meaning', Language in Sodety30: 443- 78.
-(2006). 'Relative frequency in the grammatici7Altion of collocations: nominal to
concessive a pesar de', in T. Face and C. Klee (eds), Selected Proceedings of the 8th Hispanic
Linguistics Symposium. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project, 37- 49.
870
REFERENCES
- -(2009). 'Variation and grammaticisation: the emergence of an aspectual opposition', in
Stavroula Tsiplakou, Marilena Karyolemou, and Pavlos Pavlou (eds), Studies in Language
Variation: European Perspectives II. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 215- 24.
- -(in press) . 'Variation and grammaticalization', in M. Diaz Campos (ed.), The Handbook of Hispanic Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Blackwell.
--and SCHWENTER, ScOTT A. (2005). 'Towards an operational notion of subjectification',
Berkeley Linguistics Society 31: 347-58.
- - and WALKER, JAMES A. (2009a). 'On the persistence of grammar in discourse: a
variationist study of that', Linguistics 47: 1- 43.
- - - - (2009b). 'The present of the English future: grammatical variation and collocations in discourse', Language 85: 321-54.
Tosco, MAURO (1994). 'On case marking in the Ethiopian language area (with special
reference to the subject marking in East Cushitic', in Vermondo Brugnatelli (ed.), Sem,
Cam, Iafet: Am della 7a Giornata di Studi Camito-Semitica e Indeuropei. Milan: Centro
studi camito-semitici, 225-44.
- -(2001). The Dhaasanac Language: Grammar, Texts, Vocabulary of a Cushitic Lallguage
of Ethiopia. Cologne: Koppe.
TOWNSEND, CHARLES E., and JANDA, LAURA A. (2003). Gemeinslavisch und Siavisch im
Vergleich: Einfuhrung in die Entwicklung von Phonologie und Flexion. Munich: Sagner.
TOYOTA, JUNICHI (2008). Diachronic Change in the English Passive. Basingstoke: Palgrave
Macmillan.
TRAGER, GEORGE (1932). The Use of the Latin Demonstratives (Especially Ille and Ipse) up to
600 A.D., as the Source of the Romance Article. New York: Institute of French Studies.
TRASK. R. LARRY (19'96). Historical Linguistics. London: Arnold.
- -(2000). The Dictionary of Historical and Comparative Linguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
TRAUGOTT, ELIZABETH CLOSS (1972). A History of English Syntax. New York: Holt, Rinehart
& Winston.
--(1982). 'From propositional to textual and expressive meanings: some semanticpragmatic aspects of grammaticalization', in Winfred P. Lehmann and Yakov MalkieI
(eels), Perspectives on-Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 245-71.
--(1985) 'Conditional markers', in John Haiman (ed.), Iconicity in Syntax. Amsterdam:
Benjamins, 289-307.
- -(1986). 'On the origins of "and" and "but" connectives in English', Studies in Language
10: 137- 50.
TRAUGOTT, ELIZABETH CLOSS (1988). 'Pragmatic strengthening and grammaticalization', in
S. Axmaker, A. Jaisser, and H. Singmaster (eds), Proceedings of the 14th Annual Meeting of
the Berkeley Linguistic Society, 406-16.
- - (1989) . 'On the rise ofepistemic meanings in English: an example of subjectifie at ion in
semantic change', Language 65: 31-55.
- -(1992). 'Syntax', in Richard M. Hogg (ed.), The Cambridge History of the English
Langl/age, vol. I: The Beginnings to 1066. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
168-289·
- - (1994). 'Grammaticalization and lexicalization', in R. E. Asher (ed.), Encyclopedia of
Language and Linguistics. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
- - (1995a). 'Subjectification in grammaticaHzation', in Dieter Stein and Susan Wright
(eds), Subjectivity and Subjectivisation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 31-54.
REFERENCES
-
871
-(199Sb). 'The role of discourse markers in a theory of grammatica1ization', paper
presented at the 12th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Manchester,
August.
- -(1997a). 'Subjectification and the development of epistemic meaning: the case of
promise and threaten: in Toril Swan and Olaf Westvik (eds), Modality in Germanic
Languages: Historical and Comparative Perspectives. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 185- 210.
- - (1997b). 'Unless and but conditionals: a historical perspective', in Angeliki Athanasiadou and Rene Dirven (eds), On Conditionals Again. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 145- 68.
- - (1999a). 'The rhetoric of counter-expectation in semantic change: a study in subjectificalion', in Andreas Blank and Peter Koch (eds), Historical Semantics and Cognition.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 177-96.
--(1999b). 'The role of pragmatics in semantic change', in J. Verschueren (ed.), Pragmatics in 1998: Selected Papers from the 6th International Pragmatics Conference, vol. 2.
Antwerp: International Pragmatics Association, 93-102.
- - (1999C). 'A historical overview of composite predicate types', in Brinton and Akimoto
(1999c: 239-<l0).
- -(2001). 'Legitimate counterexamples to unidirectionality', paper presented at Freiburg
University: www.stanford.edu/-traugottlpapers/Freiburg.Unidirectydf
- -(2002a). 'From etymology to historical pragmatics', in Donka Minkova and Robert
Stockwell (eds), Studying the History of the Elzglish Language: Millennial Perspectives.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 19-49.
- - (2002b). 'Regrammaticalization, exaptation and legitimate counterexamples to grammaticalization', paper presented at conference on 'Global Perspectives on Human Language: Scientific Studies in Honor of Joseph H. Greenberg', 25-7 April, Stanford
University.
--(2003). 'Constructions in grammaticali2ation', in Joseph and Janda (2003: 624-47).
--(2004). 'Historical pragmatics: in 1. R. Hom and G. Ward (eds), The Handbook of
Pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell, 538-561.
--(2005). 'Lexicalization and grammaticalization: in Alan Cruse, Fra nz Hundsnurscher,
Michael Job, and Peter Rolf Lutzeier (eels), LexikologielLexicology, voL 2. Berlin: Mouton
de Gruyter, 1702-12.
- -(2007). 'The concepts of constructional mismatch and type-shifting from the perspective of grammaticalization', Coglzitive Linguistics 18.4: 523-57.
- - (2008a). "'All that he endeavoured to prove was .. . ": on the emergence of grammatical constructions in dialogic contexts', in Robin Cooper and Ruth Kempson (eds),
Language in Flux: Dialogue Coordination, Language Variation, Change and Evolution.
London: Ki ngs College, 143-77.
- - (2008b). 'Testing the hypothesis that priming is a motivation for change: Theoretical
Linguistics 34: 135- 42.
- -(200SC). 'The grammaticalization of NP of NP patterns', in Alexander Bergs and
Gabriele Diewald (eds), Constructions and Language Change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
23-46.
--(2010a). 'Grammaticalization', in Andreas H. Jucker and Irma Taavitsainen (eds),
Handbook of Historical Pragmatics. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton, 97- 126.
- -(2010b). 'Grammaticalization', in Silvia Luraghi and Vit Bubenik (eds), A Continuum
Companion to Historical Linguistics. London: Contin uum, 269-83.
872
REFE RENCES
- - (forthcoming) . 'The status of onset contexts in analysis of micro-changes: in Mcrja
Kyto (ed.), English Corpus Linguistics: Crossing Paths. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
- -and DASHER, RICHARD (2002). Regularity in SemamicChange. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
- -and Heine, Bernd (eds) (1991a) . Approaches to Grammaticalization, vol. 1. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
- - --(eds) ('991b). Approaches to Crammaricalization, vol. 2. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- -and KO NIG, EKKEHARD (1991). 'The semantics-pragmatics of grammaticalization
revisited', in Traugott and Heine (1991a: 189- z18).
- -and TROUSDALE, GRAEME (2010). 'Gradience, gradualness and grammaticalization:
how do they intersect?', in Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale (eds),
Gradience, Gradualness and Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 19- 44.
TRAVIS, CATH IlRINE (2006). 'Dizque: a Colombian evidentiality strategy: Linguistics 44:
1269-97·
TRIVEDI, G. M. (1991). Descriptive Grammar of Byansi, a Bhotiya Language. Calcutta:
Anthropological Survey of India, Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource
Development, Department of Culture.
TROMMER, JOCHEN (zo08). '''Case suffixes», postpositions, and the phonological word in
Hungarian', Linguistics 46.2: 403- 37.
TROUSDALE, GRAEMI: (2008a). 'A constructional approach to lexicalization processes in the
history of English: evidence from possessive constructions', Word Structure I, 156-77.
- - (2008b). 'Constructions in grammaticalization and lexicalization: evidence from the
history of a composite predicate construction in English', in Graeme Trousdale and
Nikolas Gisborne (eds), Constructional Approaches to Etlg/ish Grammar. Berlin: Mouton
de Gruyter, 33- 67.
- - (2010). ' Issues in constructional approaches to grammaticalization in English', in
Katerina Stathi, Elke Gehweiler, and Ekkehard Konig (eds), Grammaticali:zntion: Current
Views and issues. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
- - (forthcoming). 'Grammaticalization, constructions, and the grammaticalization of
constructions', in Tine Breban, Lieselotte Brems, Kristin Davidse, and Tanja Mortelmans
(eds), Proceedings of NRC 4 (New Reflections on Grammaticalization 4). Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
TRUOG ILL, PETER (1989) . 'Contact and isolation in linguistic change', in Leiv Egil Breivik
and Ernst Hakon Jahr (eds), Language Change: Contributions to the Study of its Causes.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 227- 37.
TRUDGILL, PETER (2009). 'Vernacular universals and the sociolinguistic typology of English
dialects', in Markku Filppula, Juhani Klemola, and Helli Paulasto (eds), Vernacular
Universals and LAnguage Contacts: Evidence from Varieties of English and Beyond. London:
Routledge, 304-ZZ.
- -NEVALAINEN, TERTTU, and WISCHER, ILSE (200Z). 'Dynamic have in North American
and British Isles English', English Language and Linguistics 6: 1- 15.
TUCKER, ARCHIBAI.D N. (1940). The Eastern Sudanic Languages, vol. 1. London: Oxford
University Press.
UCHIDA, MiTSUMI (zooz) . 'From participles to conjunctions: a parallel corpus study of
grammaticalization in English and French', in Toshio Saito, Junsaku Nakamura, and
Shunji Yamazaki (eds), English Corpus Linguistics in Japan. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 131- 46.
RBFERENCES
873
UEHARA, SATOSHI (1998). Syntactic Categories in Japanese: A Cognitive and Typological
Introduction. Tokyo: Kurosio Syuppan.
VALENZUELA, PILAR (2003). 'Evidentiality in Shipibo-Konibo, with a comparative overview
of the category in Panoan', in Aikhenvald and Dixon (2003: 33-62).
VALIOSIO, PAOLO (1968) . 'The Romance synthetic fu ture pattern and its first attestations',
Lingua 20: 113-61.
VAN DER AUWERA, JOHAN (1999). 'Dutch verbal prefixes: meaning and form, grammaticalization and lexicalization', in Lunella Mereu (ed.), Boundaries of Morphology and Syntax.
Amsterdam: Benjam ins, lZI-36.
--(2002) . 'More thoughts on degrammaticalizatio n', in Wischer and Diewald (200Z:
19-Z 9)·
- - (zo06). 'Why languages prefer prohibitives', Journal of Foreign Larlguages 161: Z-25.
- - (zo08). 'In defense of classical sem antic maps: Theoretical Linguistics 34.1: 39-46.
- -(ZOO9). 'The Jespersen Cycles~ in van Geideren (Z009: 35-71).
- -(lOIO). 'On the diachrony of negation', in Laurence R. Horn (ed.), The Expression of
Negation. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 73- 109.
--DoBRUSH INA, NINA, and GoUSSEV, VALENTIN (l004). 'A semantic map for imperative-hortatives', in Dominique Willems, Bart Defrancq, Timothy CoUeman, and Dirk
Noel (eds), Contrastive Analysis in Langllage: Identifying Linguisti, Units of Comparison.
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 44-66.
--KEHAYOV, PETAR, and Vn .RANT, ALICE (ZOO9). 'Modality's semantic map revisited:
acquisitive modals', in Lotte Hogeweg, Helen De Hoop, and Andrej Malchukov (cds),
Cross-linguistic Studies of Tense. Aspect. and Modality. Amsterdam: Benjamins, l71- 30z.
- - and MALCHUKOV, ANDREI (ZOOS). 'A semantic map for depictive adjectivals', in
Nikolaus P. Himme!mann and Eva Schulze-Berndt (eds), Secondary Predication and
Adverbial Modification. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 393-421.
- -and PLUNGIAN, VLAOIMIR A. (1998). 'Modality's semantic map', Linguistic Typology2 1:
79-124.
--and VAN ALSENOY, LAUREN (lon). 'Indefiniteness maps: problems, prospects and
"retrospects"', in Eliza Kitis, Nikolaos Lavidas, Nina Topintzi, and Tasos Tsangalidis
(cds), Selected Papers from the 19th In ternational Symposium Or! Theoretica l and Applied
Linguistics. ThessaIoniki: Monochromia, 1-14.
VAN DER VOORT, H UN (zooz). 'The quo tative construction in Kwaza and its {de-)grammaticalisation', in Mily Creveis, Simon van de Ke rke, Sergio Meira, and Hein van der Voort
(eds), Selected Papers from the 50th International Congress of Americanists in Warsaw and
the Spinoza Workshop on Amerindian Languages in Leiden. Leiden: Resea rch School of
Asian, African and Amerindian studies (CNWS), 307- l8.
VAN HAERINGEN, CoENRAAD BUNARDUS (1956). Nederlands tussen Duirs en Engels. The
Hague: Servire.
VAN KLiNKEN, CATHARINA (2000). 'From verb to coordinator in Tetun', Oceanic Linguistics
3'·:£: 350--<1}·
VAN VA LI N, ROBERT D., JR (Z005). Exploring the. Syntax-Semantics Interface. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
VANDEWINKEL,SWI, and DAVIDSE, KRISTIN (lo08). 'The interlocking paths of development
n
to emphasizer adjective "pure ', Journal of Historical Pragmatics 9: lS5-87·
VANELI.I , LAURA, RENZI, LoRENZO, and BEN INCA, PAOLA (1985). 'Typologie des pronoms
sujets dans les langues romanes', in Acres du XVlle congres international de linguistique et
874
REFERENCES
phi/ologie romanes, vol. 3: Linguistique descriptive, phonetique, morphologie et lexique. Aixen-Prove nce: Universite di Provence, 163-76.
VECERKA, RAoOSLAV (1993). Altkirchenslavische (altbulgarische) Syntax II: Die innere Satzstruktur. Freiburg i.Br.: Weiher.
VENDLER, ZENQ (1967) . Linguistics in Philosophy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
VERHAGEN, ARIE (2005). Constructions of Intersubjectivity: Discourse, Syntax, alld Cognition.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
VERSCHUEREN, JEF and BERTUCCELLI-PAPI, MARCELLA (eds) (1987). The Pragmatic Perspective. Amsterdam: Benjamins.
VERSTRAETE, JEAN-CH RISTOPHE (2001). 'Subjective and obje<:tive modality: interpersonal and
ideationaJ functions in the English modal auxiliary system: Journal of Pragmatics 33: 1505-28.
VIHMAN, MARILYN MAY (1980). 'Sound change and child language', in Elizabeth Closs
Traugott, R. Labrum, and S. Shepherd (eds), Papers from the Fourth International
Conference on Historical Linguistics. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 303-20.
VINCENT, NIGEL (1980). 'Iconic and symbolic aspects of syntax: prospects for reconstructio n', in Paulo Ramat (ed.), Linguistic Reconstruction and Indo-European Syntax.
Amsterdam: Benjam ins, 47-68.
VINCENT, NIGEL (1982). 'The development of the auxiliaries habere and esse in Rom ance', in
Nigel Vincent and Martin Harris (eds), Studies in The Romance Verb. London: Croom
Helm, 71-96.
- - (1987). 'The interaction of periph rasis and infle<:tion : some Romance examples: in
Martin Harris and Paolo Ramat (eds), The Historical Development of Auxiliaries. Berlin:
Mouton, 237- 56.
--(1988). 'Latin'"in Martin Harris and Nigel Vincent (eds), The Romance Languages.
London: Routledge, 26-78.
- -(1997a). 'Synthetic and analytic structures', in M . Maiden and M . Parry (eds), The
Dialects of Italy. London: Routledge, 99-105.
- - (1997b). 'The emergence of the D-system in Romance', in van Kem enade and Vincent
(1997: 149-69).
- - (1998). 'Tra grammatica e gram maticalizzazione: articoli e clitici neUe lingue (italolromanze', in P. Ramat and E. Rom a (eds), Sintassi storica: atti del XXX congresso internazionale della Societil di linguistica italiana. Rome: Bulzoni. 411- 40.
- - and BOR/ARS, KERSTI (2010). 'Grammaticalization and models of language: in Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Graeme Trousdale (eds), Gradience, Gradualness and Grammaticalization. Amsterdam: Benjamins, Z79"""99.
VISCONTI, JACQUELI NE (2004). 'Conditionals and subje<:tification: implications for a theory
of semantic change~ in Fischer et aL (2004: 171-90).
VISSER, FREDERIKUS T. (1970). An Historical Syntax of the English LAnguage. I: Syntactical
Units with One Verb. Lciden: Brill.
--(1973). An Historical Syntax of the English Language, 3.2: Syntactical Units with Two or
More Verbs. Leiden: Brill.
VITRA L, LORENZO, and RAMOS, JANIA (2006). GramaticaIizafao: uma abordagem formal.
Rio de Janeiro: Tempo Brasileiro.
VLASTO, ALEXIS P. (1986). A Linguistic History of Russia to the End of the Eighteenth Century.
Oxford: Clarendon Press.
REFERENCES
875
VOGEL, PETRA M. (2006). Das unpersonliche Passiv; eine funktionale Untersuchung unter
besonderer Berucksichtigung des Deutschen und seiner historischen Entwicklung. Berlin: de
Gruyter.
VON OER GABELENTZ, GEORG (1901[1891]). Die SprachwissenschaJt, ihreAufgaben, Methoden
und bisherigen Ergebnisse, 2nd edn. Leipzig: Weigel.
VON FINTEL, KAI (1995). 'The formal semantics of grammaticaHzation', North East Linguistics Society 25: 175-90.
VON WALOENPELS, RUPRECHT (2008). 'The grammaticalization of "give" with infinitive
complement in Russian, Polish and Czech', PhD thesis, Regensburg.
VOSBERG, UWE (2006). Die grofle KDmplementverschiebung: Auflersemantische Einf/usse auf
die Entwicklung satzwertiger Erganzungen im Neuenglischen. Tubingen: Narr.
VUlLLAUME, MARCEL (1980). 'La deixis en allemand', PhD thesis, Paris-Sorbonne.
WALCHLI, BERNHARD (2000) . 'Infinite predication as marker of evidentiality and modality
in the languages of the Baltic region', Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 53:
186-210.
- -(2010). 'Similarity semantics and building probabilistic semantic maps from parallel
texts', Linguistic Discovery 8.1: 331- 71.
WALD, BENJI (1979) . 'The development of the Swahili Object Marker~ in TaimyGiv6n (ed.),
Syntax and Discourse. New York: Academic Press, 505-24.
WALKER, JAMES A. (2007). '''There's bears back there": plural existentials and vernacular
universals in (Quebec) English', English World-Wide 28: 147-66.
WALLAGE, PHILIP (2008). 'Jespersen's Cycle in Middle English: parametric _variation and
grammatical competition', Lingua 118: 643-74.
WALTEREIT, RICHARD (2006). 'The rise of discourse particles in Italian: a specific type of
language change', in Kerstin Fischer (ed.), Approaches to Discours~ Particles. Oxford:
Elsevier, 61- 76.
- - (forthcoming). 'On the origins of grammaticalization and other types of language
change in discou rse strategies', in Kristin Davidse, Hubert Cuyckens, and Lieven Vandelanotte (eds), Selected Papers from the 4th New Ref/ections on Grammaticalization Confer-
ence Leuven 2008.
--and DETGES, ULRICH (2007). 'Different functions, different histories: modal particles
and discourse markers from a diachronic point of view', Catalan Journal of Linguistics 6:
61-80.
WANDRUSZKA, ULRICH (2001). ' Frasi subordinate e congiuntivo', in L Renzi and G. Salvi
(eds), Grande grammatica italiana di consulrazione. Milan: II Mulino, 415- 81.
WANG, CHUEH-CHEN (2006). 'Grammaticalization of connectives in Mandarin Chinese: a
corpus-based study', Language and Linguistics 7: 991- 1016.
WANNER, DIETER (2006). The Power of Analogy: An Essay on Historical Linguistics. Berlin:
Mouton de Gruyter.
WARNER, ANTHONY (1993). English Auxiliaries: Structure and History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- - (2005). 'Why do dove: evidence for register variation in Early Modern English negatives', Language Variation and Change 17: 257- 80.
WATTERS, DAVID E. (2002). A Grammar of Kham . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
WEHR, BARBARA (1995). SE-Diathese im Halienischen. Tiibingen: Narr.
876
REFERENCES
WEI, PEI-CHUAN (1997). 'Lun gudai Hanyu zhongjizhong chuzhishi zai fazhan zhong de fen
yu he' [On merger and separation in the development of several disposal constructions in
Ancient Chinese], Chinese Languages and Linguistics 4: 555- 94.
WEINREICH, URIEL (1964[1953]). Languages in Contact. The Hague: Mouton.
--LABOV, WILLIAM, and HERZOG, MARVIN I. (1968) . 'Empirical foundations for a theory
oflanguage change', in W. P. Lehmann and Yakov Malkiel (eds), Directions for Historical
Linguistics: A Symposium. Austin: University of Texas Press.
WHEELER, MAX, YATES, ALAN, and DOLS, NICOLAU (1999). Catalan: A Comprehensive
Grammar. London: Routledge.
WHISTLER, KENNETH W. (1986). 'Evidentials in Patwin: in Chafe and Nichols (1986: 60-74).
WHITMAN, JOHN (2008). 'The classification of constituent order generalizations and dia·
chronic explanation', in Jeff Good (ed.), Linguistic Universals and Language Change.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 232- 52.
WHITNEY, WILLIAM D. (1889) . Sanskrit Grammar. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press.
- -(1970[1875]). The Life and Growth of Language. Hildesheim: Olms.
WICHMANN, ANNE (1998). 'Using intonation to create conversational space: projecting
topics and turns', in Antoinette Renouf (ed.), Explorations in Corpus Linguistics. Rodopi:
Amsterdam, 217-32.
WICHMANN, ANNE (2008). 'Speech corpora: in Anke Liideling, Merja Kyto, and Tony
McEnery (eds), Corpus Lingustics: An International Handbook. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter,
-
187-207·
-(2009). 'Sorry: prosodic evidence for grammaticalization in progress', in Rhonwen
Bowen, Mats Mobarg, and Solve Ohlander (eds), Corpora and Discourse-----.and Stuff. Acta
Universitatis Gothoburgensis.
--SIMON-VANDENBERGEN, ANNE-MARIE, and AI/MER, KARIN (2010). 'How prosody
reflects semantic change: a synchronic case study of of course', in Kristin Davidse, Lieven
Vandelanotte, and Hubert Cuyckens (eds), Subjectification, lntersubjecrification and
Grammaticalization. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
WIEMER, BJORN (2001). 'Aspektual'nye paradigmy i leksiceskoe znacenie russkix i litovskix
glagolov (Opyt soposmvlenija s tocki uenija leksikalizacii i grammatikalizacii)" Voprosy
jazykoznanija 2001-2: 26-58.
-
- (2004). 'The evolution of passives as grammatical constructions in Northern Slavic
and Baltic languages', in Walter Bisang, Nikolaus P. Himmeimann, and Bjorn Wiemer
(005), What Makes Grammaticalizatwn? A Look from its Fringes and its Components.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 271- 331.
- - (2007). 'Lexical markers of evidentiality in Lithuanian', Rivista di linguistica 19:
-
173-208.
- (2008). 'Zur innerslavischen Variation bei der Aspektwahl und der Gewichtung ihrer
Faktoren', in Sebastian Kempgen, Karl Gutschmidt, Ulrike Jekutsch, and Ludger Udolph
Ludger (eds), Deutsche Beitrage zum 14, internationalen Slavistenkongress, Ohrid 200S.
Munich: Sagner, 383- 409.
- - (2010). 'Hearsay in European languages: toward an integrative account of grammatical
and lexical marking', in Gabriele Diewald and Elena Smirnova (eds), Linguistic Realization of Evidentiality in European Languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 59-129.
REFERENCES
877
- - (to appear). 'Umbau des Partizipialsystems', in Tilman Berger, Karl Gutschmidt, Sebastian Kempgen, and Peter Kosta (eds), Slavische Sprachen: ein intemationales Handbuch zu
ihrer Struktur, ihrer Geschichte und ihrer Etforschung. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, ch. 249.
- - and BISANG, WALTER (2004). 'What makes grammaticalization? An appraisal of its
components and its fringes', in Walter Bisang, Nikolaus P. Himmelmann, and Bjorn
Wiemer (eds), What makes Grammaticalization? A Lookfrom its Fringes and Components.
Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 3-20.
--and GIGER, MARKUS (2005). Resultativa in den nordslavischen und baltischen Sprachen:
Bestandsaufnahme unter area/en und grammatikalisierungstheoretischen Gesichtspunkten.
Munich: Lincom.
--and HANSEN, BJORN (to appear). 'Assessing the range of contact-induced grammaticalization in Slavonic', in Bjorn Wiemer, Bjorn Hansen, and Bernhard Walchli (eds),
Grammatical Replication and &rrowability in Language Contact. Berlin: Mouton de
Gruyter.
WEERZBICKA, ANNA (1982). 'Why can you have a drink when you can't "have an eat?:
Language 58.4: 753--99.
- -(2006). English: Meaning and Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
WILCOX, SHERMAN (2004). 'Gesture and language; cross-linguistic and historical data from
signed languages: Gesture 4: 43-73.
WILLETT, THOMAS (1988). 'A cross-linguistic survey of the grammaticization of evidentiality', Studies in Language 12: 51--97.
WILLIAMS, LAWRENCE (2009). 'Sociolinguistic variation in French computer-mediated
communication: a variable rule analysis of the negative particle ne: International Journal
of Corpus Linguistics 14.4: 467--91.
WILLIS, DAVID (2007) . 'Syntactic lexicalization as a new type of d~grammaticalization',
Linguistics 45.2: 271- 310.
WISCHER, ILSE (2000) . 'Grammaticalization versus lexicalization: "methinksn there is some
confusion', in Olga Fischer, Anette Rosenbach, and Dieter Stein (eds), Pathways of
Change: Grammaticalization in English. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 355- 70.
--(2004). 'Old English prefixed verbs and the question of aspect and Aktionsart', in
Christoph Bode, Sebastian Domsch, and Hans Sauer (eds), Anglistentag 2003, Munchen,
Proceedings. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, 71--84.
- -(2010). 'Sekretion und Exaptation als Mechanismen in der Wortbildung und Grammatik', in Rudiger Harnisch (ed.), Prozesse sprachlicher Verstlirkung: Type" formaTer
Resegmentierung und semantischer Remotivierung. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 29-40.
Wischer, Ilse, and Diewald, Gabriele (eds) (2002). New Reflections on Grammatica/ization.
Amsterdam: Benjamins.
WOLFRAM, WALT (2004). 'The grammar of urban African American Vernacular English', in
Kortmann et al. (2004: 111- 32).
WRAY, ALISON (2000). 'Holistic utterances in protolanguage', in Chris Knight, Michael
Studdert-Ken nedy, and James R. Hurford (eds), The Evolutionary Emergence of Language:
Social Function and the Origins of Linguistic Form. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press, 285- 302.
WRIGHT, ROGER (1983). 'Unity and diversity among the Romance languages', Transactions of
the Philological Society 81 : 1-
2.2 .
878
REFERENCES
WU, FUXIANG (2003) . 'Zai lun chuzhishi de laiyuan' [On the origin of the disposal
constructions], Yuyarl YaTljiu 3: 1- 14.
Wu, ZoE (2004). Grammatica/izatiorl and Ltmguage Chllnge in Chirlese. London: Routledge
Curzon.
WOLLNER, FRANZ (1831). Uber Ursprung und Urbedeuturlg der sprach/ichen Formerl.
Munster: Theissingsche Buchhandlung.
Xu, UEJlONG (2004). 'Manifestation of infonnational focus', LiTlgull 11: 277--99.
YAMADA, YOSHIO (1935) . Kanbun no Kundoku ni Yorite Tutaeraretllru Coho [Word usage
transmitted through Japanese translation of Chinese writing]. Tokyo: Hobunkan.
YAP, FOONG HA, and IWASAKI, SHOleHI (2003). 'From causatives to passives: a passage in
some East and Southeast Asian languages', in Eugene H. Casad and Gary B. Palmer (eds),
Cogrlitive Linguistics and Non-Indo-Europelln Languages. Berlin; Mouton de Gruyter, 419"-45.
--(2007). 'The emergence of 'GIVE' passives in East and Southeast Asian languages', in
Mark A1ves, Paul Sidwell, and David Gil (eds), Proceedings of the Eighth Arlnual Meeting
of the Southeast Asian Linguistic Society (1998). Canberra: Pacific Linguistics, 193- 208.
YLiKOSKI, JUSSI (2008). 'Non-finites in North Saami'. MS, University of Qulu: http://cc.
ouiu.fi/-jyiikosk/080216.pdf
YOUNG, ROBERT (2000). The Navlljo Verb System:An Overview. A1buquerque: University of
New Mexico.
- -and MORGAN, WILLIAM (1987). The Navajo Larlguage: A Grammar and Colloquial
Dictionary, 2nd edn. A1buquerque: University of New Mexico.
YOUNG, ROBERT and MORGAN, WILLIAMWith MIDGETTE, SALLY (1992). Arlillytical Lexicon
of Nilvajo. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico.
Yu, CHANG-DON (19·62). KwukepyeTlchensa [A history of Korean]. Seoul: Tongmunkwan.
Yu, DEPEN (2003). 'Evidentiality in Shibacha Lisu', paper presented at 36th International
Conference on Sino+Tibetan Languages and Linguistics, Melbourne.
ZAMBONI, AL811.RTO (2000). Aile origini del/'iralillno; dinllmiche e tipe/ogie dellil trllnsizione
dllilatino. Rome: Carocci.
ZANUTTINI, RAFFA.ELA (1997). Neglltion and Clausal Structure: A Comparative Study of the
Rnmance Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
UYZON, REKA (2009"). 'Fu·nktionswandeJ deiktischer Stamme im Nganasanischen:
Grammatikalisierung, Lexikalisierung, Pragmatika1isierung~ Acta Linguisticll Hungarica
51.1-2: 171.
ZEEVAT, H., and JASINSKAJA, K. (2007). 'And as an additive particle', in M. Aurnague,
K. Karta, and J. M. Larrazabal (eds), Language, Representlltion and Rellsorling.
Donostia-San Sebastian: University of the Basque Country Press, 315-40.
ZESHAN, ULRIKE (2003). 'Indo-Pakistani Sign Language grammar: a typological outline',
Sign Larlguage Studies 3: 157- 212.
- -(2004). 'Hand, head, and face: negative constructions in sign languages', Linguistic
Typology 8: 1- 58.
ZHANG, MIN (2000). 'Yufahua de leixingxue ji renzhi yuyanxue kaoliang: cong shiyi yu
beidong biaoji jianyong xianxiang tanqi' [Grammaticalization in typological and historicallinguistics: on the causative and passive markers}, paper presented at 9th Conference
on Modern Chinese, WenWou.
ZHU, DEXI (1982). Yufa jiangyi [Lessons on grammar]. Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.
ZIEGELER, DEBRA (1997). 'Retention in ontogenetic and diachronic grammaticalization',
Cognitive Linguistics 8: 207- 41.
REFERENCES
879
--(2000). Hypothetical Modality: Grammaticalization in an 12 Dialect. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
- - (2001). 'Past ability modality and the derivation of complementary inferences', Journal
of Historical Pragmatics 2: 273-316.
- - (2003). 'Redefining unidire<tionality: insights from demodalisation?', Folia Linguistica
Historica 24.1- 2: 225-66.
- - (2004). 'Redefining unidirectionaHty: is there life after modality?~ in Fischer et aL
(2004: 115-35).
- -(2005). 'Mood and modality in grammar~ in Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of
LAnguage and Linguistics, 2nd edn. Oxford: Elsevier, 259-267.
--(2006). Interfaces with English Aspect: Diachronic and Empirical Studies. Amsterdam:
Benjamins.
- - (2008). 'Grammaticalisation under control: towards a functional analysis of samesubje<t identity-sharing', Folia Linguistica 42.2: 401-51.
ZILLES, ANA M. S. (2005). 'The development of a new pronoun: the linguistic and social
embedding of a gente in Brazilian Portuguese', Language Variation and Change 17.1: 19-53.
ZRIBI-HERTZ, ANNE (1994) . 'La syntaxe des clitiques nominatifs', Travaux de Linguistique et
Litterature: 131- 47.
ZUCCHI, SANDRO (2003). 'The semantics OfFATTO', paper presented at the 14th Amsterdam
Colloquium, December.
ZWARTS, JOOST (2010). 'Semantic map geometry: two approaches', Linguistic Discovery 8.1:
377-95·
ZWICKY, ARNOLD M., and PULLUM, GEOPPREY K. (1983). 'Cliticization vs. inflection: English
n't', LAnguage 59.3: 502- 13.
ZWITSERLOOD, INGE (2003) . Classifying Hand Configurations in Nederlandse GebaretltaaI.
Utrecht: Landelijke Onderzoekschool Taalwetenschap.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement