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DEPARTMENT OF LICENSING AND REGULATORY AFFAIRS
DIRECTOR’S OFFICE
MICHIGAN BOILER RULES
(By authority conferred on the director of the department of licensing and regulatory
affairs by sections 4, 4a and 13c of 1965 PA 290, MCL 408.754, MCL 408.754a, and
MCL 408.763c, and executive reorganization order nos. 2003-1, 2008-4 and 2011-4,
MCL 445.2011, MCL 445.2025, and MCL 445.2030)
PART 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
R 408.4001 Scope.
Rule 1. These rules establish minimum standards of safety for
the
use,
construction, installation, inspection, alteration, and repair of boilers; licensing of boiler
inspectors, boiler repairers, and boiler installers; requirements for permits to install,
repair, and alter; and fees to be charged.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4011 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4012 Definitions.
Rule 12. (1) “Accident” means a sudden and accidental breakdown of a boiler or a part
of a boiler that results in physical damage to the boiler which necessitates the repair or
replacement of the boiler or a part of the boiler. “Accident” does not mean a breakdown
due to any of the following unless a unique or unusual explosion hazard exists as a result
of the breakdown:
(a) Normal erosion.
(b) Corrosion.
(c) Wastage of metal that requires restoration.
(d) Leaking tubes.
(e) Weakened metal, such as water legs or handhole areas.
(2) “Act” means 1965 PA 290, MCL 408.751 to 408.776 and known as the boiler act of
1965.
(3) “Aftercooler” means a device used for lowering the temperature of a boiler blowoff
discharge before it enters the building drain.
(4) “Alteration” means any change in the item described on the original manufacturer’s
data report that affects the pressure-containing capability of the boiler or its piping. A
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nonphysical change such as an increase in the maximum allowable working pressure
(internal or external) or design temperature of a boiler or its piping is an alteration.
(5) “ASME,” “ASME boiler and pressure vessel code,” “ASME code,” or “code”
means the boiler and pressure vessel code of the American Society of Mechanical
Engineers, with addenda, as prescribed and approved by the council of the society.
(6) “Authorized inspector” means an individual who is designated as an authorized
inspector by an authorized inspection agency, who holds a valid certificate of
competency and national board commission with an “A” or “B” endorsement, and who is
employed by the authorized inspection agency that assumes responsibility for the
individual’s actions.
(7) “Board of boiler rules” or “board” means the board created by the act.
(8) “Boiler assembler” means a corporation, company, partnership, or individual who
assembles a boiler that has been delivered in pieces. For ASME code section I power
boiler assemblies, a boiler assembler shall possess the appropriate code symbol stamps.
(9) “Boiler blowoff piping” means the piping, fittings, and valves from the boiler to the
blowoff tank, blowoff separator, or other safe point of discharge through which the water
in the boiler may be blown out under pressure, except for drains such as those used in
water columns, gauge glasses, or piping to feed water regulators and similar devices.
(10) “Boiler blowdown vessel” means an unfired pressure vessel into which water is
discharged above atmospheric pressure from a boiler blowoff line.
(11) “Boiler installation” means the installation of a boiler, including all connected
piping, valves, fittings, flanges, firing equipment, controls, appurtenances, and
auxiliaries. The term includes the field assembly of boilers.
(12) “CSD-1” means the ASME code for controls and safety devices for automatically
fired boilers.
(13) “Certificate of competency” means a certificate issued to a person who has passed
an examination for inspectors prescribed by the board of boiler rules.
(14) “Chief inspector” means the chief boiler inspector appointed under the act.
(15) “Condemned boiler” means a boiler that has been inspected and declared unsafe or
rejected for use by an inspector who is qualified to take such action and who has applied
a stamping or marking designating its rejection.
(16) “Department” means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs.
(17) “Deputy inspector” means an inspector who is licensed under the act and
employed by the director.
(18) “Existing installation” means and includes any steam boiler constructed, installed,
placed in operation, or contracted for before August 10, 1917, or any hot water heating or
supply boiler constructed, installed, placed in operation, or contracted for before the
effective date of these rules.
(19) “External inspection” means an inspection which is conducted while the boiler is
under pressure and which does not involve examination of the internal surfaces of the
pressure parts of the boiler.
(20) “Field assembly” means assembling prefabricated boiler pressure parts without
field welding or riveting.
(21) “Field erection” means the erecting and assembling of boiler parts by welding,
riveting, or other fabrication processes.
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(22) “Flash tank” means a closed vessel equipped with internal baffles or an apparatus
for the purpose of separating moisture from flash steam as it passes through the vessel.
(23) “Hobby” means an interest or activity that a person pursues in his or her leisure
time without compensation.
(24) “Hot water heating and hot water supply boiler” means a boiler that operates at
pressures of not more than 160 psi or temperatures of not more than 250 degrees
Fahrenheit, at or near the boiler outlet.
(25) “Incompetence” means a departure from, or a failure to conform to, minimal
standards of acceptable practice for the occupation.
(26) “Inspector” means an individual who holds a valid certificate of competency and
national board commission.
(27) “Internal inspection” means an inspection made when a boiler is shut down and
handholes or manholes are opened for inspection of the interior.
(28) “Labeled” means devices, equipment, appliances, or material to which have been
affixed a label, seal, symbol, or other identifying mark of a nationally recognized testing
laboratory, inspection agency, or other organization concerned with product evaluation
that maintains periodic inspection of the production of the items and by whose label the
manufacturer attests to compliance with applicable nationally recognized standards.
(29) “Licensed boiler installer” means a person licensed under the act to engage in the
business of making piping connections to a boiler or in the business of field-assembling
boilers.
(30) “Licensed boiler repairer” means a person licensed under the act to engage in
making or supervising all phases of boiler repair, alteration, or field erection.
(31) “Listed” means equipment, appliances, or material included in a list published by a
nationally recognized testing laboratory, inspection agency, or other organization
concerned with product evaluation that maintains periodic inspection of production of
listed equipment, appliances, or materials, and whose listing states either that the
equipment, appliances, or material meets nationally recognized standards or has been
tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner. The authority having jurisdiction
shall utilize the system employed by the listing organization to identify a listed product.
(32) “Maximum allowable working pressure” or “MAWP” means the maximum gage
pressure permissible for boiler to operate.
(33) “Maximum operating pressure” means the maximum operating pressure of the
complete boiler system as designed, which shall include supply, return, feed, and blow
off piping.
(34) “Mechanical assembly” means the work necessary to establish or restore a
pressure retaining boundary whereby pressure retaining capability is established through
a mechanical, chemical, or physical interface.
(35) “Mechanical repair” means a method of repair which restores a pressure retaining
boundary to a safe and satisfactory operating condition, where the pressure retaining
boundary is established by a method other than welding or brazing.
(36) “Miniature boiler” means a power boiler that does not have any of the following:
(a) An inside diameter of the shell of more than 16 inches.
(b) A working pressure of more than 100 psig.
(c) A gross volume of more than 5 cubic feet.
(d) More than 20 square feet of heating surface.
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(37) “Miniature locomotive boiler” means a miniature hobby steam locomotive boiler
which operates on a narrow gauge track that is less than 24 inches wide and which is for
public display or use.
(38) “Modular boiler” means a steam or hot-water heating assembly consisting of a
grouping of individual boilers called modules, intended to be installed as a unit, with a
single inlet and a single outlet. Modules may be under 1 jacket or may be individually
jacketed.
(39) “NBIC” means national board inspection code.
(40) “New boiler” means a boiler constructed, installed, placed in operation, or
contracted for after July 1, 1966.
(41) “Nonstandard boiler” means a boiler that does not bear the national board
stamping or the stamp of any state or political subdivision which has adopted a standard
of construction equivalent to that required by the board of boiler rules.
(42) “Owner or user” means a person, firm, partnership, or corporation that owns or
operates a boiler within this state.
(43) “Out-of-use boiler” means a boiler not ready for use having the fuel supply,
electricity, and all piping that may pressurize the boiler disconnected.
(44) “Portable boiler” means a boiler which is primarily intended for temporary location
and which is, by its construction and usage, obviously portable.
(45) “Pressure-retaining items” means any boiler, pressure vessel, piping, or material
used for the containment of pressure, either internal or external. The pressure may be
obtained from an external source, or by the application of heat from a direct source, or
any combination thereof.
(46) “Reinstalled boiler” means a boiler which is removed from its original setting and
which is reinstalled at the same location or reinstalled at a new location.
(47) “Reinstatement” means the granting of a license or registration, with or without
limitations or conditions, to a person whose license or registration has been suspended by
the chief inspector.
(48) “Rental boiler” means a boiler which is in temporary use for not more than 1 year
and which may or may not be installed inside a boiler room, temporary room, or
temporary shed or without external covering.
(49) “Repair” means the work necessary to restore a boiler or its piping to a safe and
satisfactory operating condition.
(50) “Safe point of discharge” means a point of discharge that will protect personnel
and property from injury due to discharge.
(51) “Special inspector” means a boiler inspector who holds a license in the state of
Michigan pursuant to 1965 PA 290, MCL 408.751 to 408.776 and who is regularly
employed by an insurance company authorized to insure against a loss from boiler
accidents in this state or by any city that is exempt under the act and has an authorized
boiler inspection department.
(52) “Standard boiler” means a boiler that bears the stamp of the national board of
boiler and pressure vessel inspectors or of another state or political subdivision which has
adopted a standard of construction equivalent to that required by the board of boiler rules
of this state.
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(53) “Traction boiler” means a boiler designed for the express purpose of pulling farm
equipment or to convert steam power into flywheel energy driving farm apparatus such as
threshers, saws, or grinding equipment.
(54) “Used boiler” means a boiler that is being reinstalled by the same owner.
(55) “Water heater” means a heater for use in commercial or industrial sizes providing
corrosion resistance for supplying potable hot water at pressures not exceeding 160 psi or
temperatures not exceeding 210 degrees Fahrenheit. A water heater that does not exceed
any of the following is exempt from these rules:
(a) A heat input of more than 200,000 BTU per hour.
(b) A water temperature of more than 210 degrees Fahrenheit.
(c) A nominal water-containing capacity of more than 120 gallons.
(56) Terms defined in the act have the same meanings when used in these rules.
History: 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4013 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4015 Rescinded
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4017 Rescinded
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4019 Rescinded
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4021 Rescinded
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4023 Rescinded
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4024 Adoption of NBIC by reference.
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Rule 24. (1) The owner shall ensure the inspection, repair, and alteration of boilers,
piping, and blowdown vessels is pursuant to the NBIC, 2011 edition, except as modified
by these rules. The code is adopted by reference in these rules and available for
inspection at the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, Bureau of
Construction Codes, 2501 Woodlake Circle, Okemos, Michigan 48864 or from the
National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors, 1055 Crupper Avenue,
Columbus, Ohio 43229, at a cost as of the time of adoption of these amendatory rules for
a total of $265.00.
(2) The accreditation program described in the NBIC for repairs and alterations to
pressure retaining items is mandatory for repairs to all power boilers and high pressure
high temperature water boilers and alterations to any boiler not exempt by these rules.
Repair companies in possession of a certificate of authorization issued by the national
board of boiler and pressure vessel inspectors to repair and alter pressure retaining items
shall have in their employ an individual with an appropriate class repairer license issued
by the boiler division of the department. Repair companies not currently in possession of
the certificate of authorization or a certificate of authorization issued by ASME shall
have 1 year from the date of adoption of this rule to secure the certificate. Companies
currently in possession of a valid certificate issued by ASME have until the next
certificate review or 1 year, whichever is greater, to secure the certificate of authorization
identified above. The board may waive the time requirement if appropriate justification
is presented.
(3) Where the text of the NBIC refers to the “certificate holder,” the reference shall
apply to all licensed boiler repairers, except when the reference is in relation to
completion of NBIC forms and NBIC stamping, the reference shall refer to repair
companies in possession of a valid certificate of authorization issued by the national
board of boiler and pressure vessel inspectors to repair and alter pressure retaining items.
(4) The standard welding procedures referenced in the NBIC are accepted for use in
this state, but are not mandatory. A licensed boiler repairer who elects to use 1 or more
of the standard welding procedures shall file a list of the standard welding procedure
identification numbers with the boiler division of the department before conducting any
repairs or alterations requiring welding.
History: 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4025 ASME code; adoption by reference.
Rule 25. (1) A boiler, blow down vessel, and expansion tank shall be constructed as
prescribed by these rules and the ASME boiler and pressure vessel code, sections I, II,
III, IV, V, VIII, IX, X, XI, 2010 edition and its 2011a addenda, and ASME code B31.1,
2010 edition, power piping, are adopted by reference in these rules and are available for
inspection at the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, Bureau of
Construction Codes, 2501 Woodlake Circle, Okemos, Michigan 48864 or from the
ASME International, 22 Law Drive, Fairfield, New Jersey 07007, at a cost as of the time
of adoption of these amendatory rules of $15,500 and $245.00 respectively.
(2) The board may accept pressure-retaining items which have been constructed to
standards other than ASME standards and which have been accepted by application of
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the national board of boiler and pressure vessel inspectors’ criteria for registration
procedure.
(3) The owner shall not recalculate design maximum allowable working pressures
based on ASME codes published after 1998 for boilers in-service before December 31,
1998.
History: 1979 AC; 1985 AACS; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009
AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4026 Inspection and stamping during construction.
Rule 26. The manufacturer shall register a boiler, blowdown vessel, and
expansion tank other than a cast sectional boiler built or constructed for use in this state
after the effective date of these rules, with the national board of boiler and pressure
vessel inspectors.
History: 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2009 AACS.
R 408.4027 Adoption; ASME code CSD-1.
Rule 27. (1) The owner shall ensure that the installation, maintenance, operation, and
testing of controls and safety devices is pursuant to manufacturer’s instructions and
ASME code CSD-1, 2009 edition, except as modified by these rules. The code is
adopted by reference in these rules and available for inspection at the Michigan
Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, Bureau of Construction Codes, 2501
Woodlake Circle, Okemos, Michigan 48864 or from the ASME, 22 Law Drive, Fairfield,
New Jersey 07007, at a cost as of the time of adoption of these amendatory rules of
$89.00.
(2) An owner or user of a boiler system shall ensure that the maintenance and testing of
controls and safety devices is conducted by an individual with a valid mechanical
contractor license with the appropriate classification pursuant to the Forbes mechanical
contractors act, 1984 PA 192, MCL 338.971 to 338.988. Individuals conducting
maintenance and testing shall be under the guidance and supervision of a licensed
mechanical contractor.
(3) An owner or user shall provide the inspector, at the time of certificate inspection,
with evidence showing the maintenance has been performed and what tests have been
completed. The evidence shall be a dated and signed service report or checklist, listing
each control and safety device tested with the manufacturer’s name, model number, set
point, and actual operational test point. Examples of a report or checklist may be found
in CSD-1, 2009 edition, appendix C or example form exhibit A. If an owner does not
provide the inspector with the required evidence of maintenance and testing between
certificate inspections, then the inspector may issue a certificate of inspection for a term
less than that stated in R 408.4057.
Exception: For hot water heating and hot water supply boilers with a BTU input of
400,000 or less, the requirements of this rule need only be conducted once during an
inspection cycle but shall be performed within 12 months before the certificate inspection
required by R 408.4057(1)(c).
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(4) The owner, user, or operator of a boiler system shall ensure that the daily, weekly,
and monthly operational checks are performed and documented pursuant to the
manufacturer’s instructions and these rules. If the manufacturer’s instructions are not
available, CSD-1, 2009 edition, nonmandatory appendix D contains a recommended
checklist for additional information on periodic checks.
(5) A manually operated remote shutdown switch as required by CSD-1, 2009 edition,
shall be located outside of each exit access doorway to the boiler room. The switch may
be located just inside each exit access doorway should a possibility of tampering or
weather conditions exist. A licensee may request a deviation from the requirements of
this subrule by submitting drawings clearly showing the deviation and stating
justification for the request to the chief inspector for review and approval before the
installation of a boiler. The chief inspector shall notify the licensee of the approval or
denial of the request.
(6) A single manually-operated remote shutdown switch may be used in a multiple
boiler installation that shares a common boiler room.
Exception: Kitchen cooking boilers, steam kettles, and steam cookers used for food
preparation located in a kitchen shall be exempt from a manually operated remote
shutdown switch and lockable disconnect.
Exception: Electrically heated or gas fired jacketed steam kettles safety devices at a
minimum, shall be those required in ASME Code Section-VIII Division-1 2010 and its
2011a addenda and appendix 19.
(7) Where applicable, the boiler installation shall comply with the Michigan mechanical
code, R 408.30901 to R 408.30998, Michigan plumbing code, R 408.30701 to R
408.30796 and Michigan electrical code, R 408.30801 to R 408.30880.
History: 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4028 Manufacturer's data reports; filing.
Rule 28. A manufacturer's data report for boilers shall be signed by an
authorized inspector and shall be filed by the manufacturer with the chief inspector
before installation. A data report that is signed by an authorized inspector and the
ASME stamp on the boiler denotes that the boiler
has been constructed in accordance with these rules. If a boiler is of special
design, blueprints showing details of
the
proposed construction shall be
submitted to the chief inspector and his or her approval shall be secured before
construction is started.
History: 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
Editor's note: The R number for this rule has been reassigned. Former R 408.4028 was rescinded
effective June 3, 1971.
R 408.4029 Allowable pressure of noncode boilers.
Rule 29. The maximum allowable pressure of a boiler which does not carry the
American society of mechanical engineers code symbol may be computed in accordance
with the requirements of R 408.4212(1).
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History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4031 Installation and reinstallation of boilers.
Rule 31. (1) The owner shall ensure that the installation of a new boiler or a reinstalled
boiler is pursuant to the requirements of these rules, the ASME boiler and pressure vessel
code, 2010 edition and its 2011a addenda, which is adopted by reference in R 408.4025
and the NBIC 2011 edition, which is adopted by reference in R 408.4024 and ASME
CSD-1 2009 which is adopted in R 408.4027.
Exception: The ASME code requirement for the completion of a P4B data report for the
installation of mechanically assembled boiler external piping is not required.
Exception: Witnessing of the pressure test required by the NBIC part 1, section 2,
paragraph 2.10.2, is not required.
Exception: For a water tube or coil type boiler requiring forced circulation a
temperature differential system that senses the water temperature difference (delta T)
between inlet and outlet across the boiler, and interrupts the fuel to the burner when the
delta T exceeds the boiler manufacturers’ parameters, shall be accepted when approved
by the boiler manufacturer. The manufacturer of the boiler shall provide instructions in
the owner’s manual for the testing, operation, and installation of the temperature
differential system.
(2) Where applicable, the boiler installation shall comply with the Michigan mechanical
code, R 408.30901 to R 408.30998, Michigan plumbing code, R 408.30701 to R
408.30796 and Michigan electrical code, R 408.30801 to R 408.30880.
(3) The NBIC code, part 1, section 2, paragraph 2.4.4, is enforced by the Michigan
plumbing code, R 408.30701 to R 408.30796.
(4) The NBIC code, part 1, section 3, paragraph 3.6.1, is enforced by the Michigan
mechanical code, R 408.30901 to R 408.30998.
History: 1979 AC; 1985 AACS; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2001 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006
AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4032 Non-boiler external piping; power boilers; adoption of standards by
reference.
Rule 32. (1) The owner shall ensure that the installation of piping not covered by the
ASME boiler and pressure vessel code, section I, 2011 edition, and its 2011a addenda is
installed as prescribed by the ASME code for pressure piping, B31.1, 2010 edition and its
2011a addenda, adopted by reference in R 408.4025.
(2) The owner of a chemical plant or petroleum refinery shall comply with subrule (1)
of this rule or shall ensure the installation is installed as prescribed by the ASME code for
chemical plants and petroleum refineries, B31.3, 2010 edition and its 2011a addenda.
(3) A licensee under this rule is not required to possess an ASME code symbol stamp,
but shall hold a valid installer’s license.
(4) The owner shall ensure that the installation of all of the following piping is pursuant
to subrule (1) of this rule:
(a) Blowoff piping beyond the second valve out to the safe point of discharge.
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(b) Steam piping out to the load.
(c) Feed-water piping from the pump.
(d) Condensate piping.
History: 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS ; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4033 Permits; documentation for installation, reinstallation, alteration, and
repair of boilers, boiler external piping, and non-boiler external piping.
Rule 33. (1) All of the following provisions apply to installation permits:
(a) A person shall not install, or reinstall, a boiler without holding a proper license and
first securing a permit from the boiler division of the department. The licensee applying
for the permit shall ensure that work does not proceed until an approved permit has been
secured.
(b) A person shall not install or replace welded pipe without holding a proper license
and first securing a permit from the boiler division of the department. The licensee
applying for the permit shall ensure that work does not proceed until an approved permit
has been secured.
(c) A person shall not install nonwelded pipe without holding a proper license. A
permit is not required.
(2) All of the following provisions apply to repair and alteration permits or reports:
(a) A person shall not alter or repair a boiler without holding a proper license and first
securing a permit from the boiler division of the department. The licensee applying for
the permit shall ensure that work does not proceed until an approved permit has been
secured, except as provided by section 18 of the act.
(b) A person shall not repair or replace welded piping without holding a proper license
and first securing a permit from the boiler division of the department. The licensee
applying for the permit shall ensure that work does not proceed until an approved permit
has been secured, except as provided for in section 18 of the act.
(c) A person shall not replace nonwelded piping without holding a proper license. A
permit is not required.
(d) A person shall not perform welded repairs to nonwelded piping without holding a
proper license and first securing a permit from the boiler division of the department. The
licensee applying for the permit shall ensure that work does not proceed until an
approved permit has been secured, except as provided for in section 18 of the act.
(e) A licensee who makes welded repairs to boilers or boiler external piping requiring
the use of the national board “R” symbol stamp shall furnish the boiler division of the
department, with 1 copy of the approved permit application, along with reports as
required by the NBIC, upon completion of the work.
(f) A public utility or industrial plant that has been granted an exemption under section
23 of the act that makes a welded repair to non-boiler external piping shall maintain
records of the repairs and make the records available for review as required by the board
of boiler rules.
(3) A permit is required for either of the following:
(a) A change in use of an existing boiler from high pressure to low pressure and low
pressure to high pressure, hot water heat to hot water supply and hot water supply to hot
water heat, steam heating to hot water heating and hot water heating to steam heating,
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steam heating to hot water supply and hot water supply to steam heating shall comply
with the requirements of the Michigan boiler code, R 408.4001 to R 408.5609.
(b) Replacement by mechanical methods, without welding, of sections in sectional
boilers; heat exchangers; feed water heater or economizer; and tube bundles.
(4) A licensee replacing boiler components required by these rules to be code symbol
stamped and national board registered shall provide the boiler division with the
manufacturer’s data reports.
(5) Any changes in the scope of work stated on the original permit application shall be
submitted to the boiler division for approval.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009
AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4034 Public utility or industrial exemption.
Rule 34. (1) Practices and procedures for the exemption of licensing and permitting as
referenced in section 23 of the act, MCL 408.773 consist of all of the following:
(a) The boiler(s), boiler external piping, and non-boiler external piping shall be owned
and operated by the public utility or industrial facility.
(b) Have in effect a quality program which shall be in the form of a quality manual.
(c) The quality program, at a minimum, shall address the required features relative to
the scope of work to be preformed. The scope of work related to repairs or replacements
to boiler(s), boiler external piping, non-boiler external piping, and boiler replacements.
(2) The outline of the quality program shall include the following:
(a) Title page: name and complete address of the company.
(b) Contents page: a listing of the contents of the manual by subject.
(c) Scope of work: clearly indicates the scope of work.
(d) Statement of authority: a corporate resolution or policy recognizing its obligation
under the act for compliance at all times and naming the person having responsibility and
authority for the scope of work.
(e) Manual control: provisions for revising and issuing those revisions to maintain the
manual current within the organization.
(f) Material control: method used to assure that only acceptable materials (including
welding material) are ordered, verified, and identified in storage.
(g) Method of performing work: documenting repairs in sufficient detail. Both of the
following shall be documented:
(i) When repairs are conducted on boiler(s) or boiler external piping the inspector must
have prior acceptance of the method of repairs.
(ii) The quality program shows who is responsible to notify the inspector of any boiler
or boiler external piping repair work, and keeps him or her apprised of the progress of
such work.
(h) Shall describe controls to ensure qualified welding procedures and welders qualified
to those procedures are used for repairs.
(i) Nondestructive examination (NDE) and heat treatment: shall describe controls for
NDE and heat treatment procedures.
(j) Examinations and tests: what examination and tests are to be conducted upon
completion of the repair.
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(k) Acceptance and inspection of repairs: the individual responsible for acceptance of
repairs.
(l) Inspections: provisions for the inspector to have access to areas where repair work
is being performed.
(m) Report of boiler repair: indicate the person responsible for preparing, signing, and
presenting the record of welded (RWR) form to the inspector and sending it to the boiler
division.
(n) Nonconforming items: have a system for the correction of nonconformities.
(o) Exhibits: forms referenced in the quality manual shall be included.
(3) The boiler owner shall maintain a maintenance record, subject to audit by state
inspectors, for each boiler. The maintenance record shall contain an adequate description
of each abnormal event, modification, repair, hydro test, internal or external inspections,
and off-normal operations.
(4) The boiler owner shall contract with an approved third-party inspection and
insurance company for boiler and boiler external piping repairs.
(5) All welders working on boilers or piping within the quality program shall be
employees of the utility or industrial facility.
(6) All welding, heat treatment, non-destructive examination, and testing procedures
shall be qualified pursuant to the ASME code.
(7) The boiler owner shall maintain documentation between each audit of non-boiler
external piping repairs or replacements.
(8) Third-party employees or contractors shall not work under the exemption program
for the applicant related to installation or repairs.
(9) The boiler division shall be notified prior to any boiler replacements.
(10) The applicant shall prepare and file with the boiler division an appropriate record
of a welded repair form, signed by a commissioned inspector, with the boiler division.
The applicant shall submit to the boiler division the record of welded repair form within
180 days after the completion of the repair.
(11) Upon the boiler board approval of the exemption program, a public utility or
industrial plant shall be granted relief from licensing and permit requirements of the act
for repairs to boiler and piping and the installation of a direct boiler replacement.
(12) Failure to comply with any of the provisions of this rule shall constitute just cause
for revocation of the exemption status.
(13) The chief of the boiler division shall cause an audit of the exemption program to
be conducted at least once every 3 years, to ensure continued compliance with the boiler
act and the board’s requirements and these rules.
History: 2013 AACS.
R 408.4035 Permits; issuance to licensed persons only.
Rule 35. (1) Permits shall be issued only to persons licensed as required by the act and
these rules. Work shall be performed by or under the supervision of a licensed person.
(2) Payment of the permit application fee as provided in R 408.4038 is the
responsibility of the licensed person.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2013 AACS.
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R 408.4036 Multiple contractors.
Rule 36. Each contractor performing separate work on the same boiler installation,
repair, or alteration shall possess a valid boiler installer’s or boiler repairer’s license and
shall obtain a permit for that part of the work to be performed.
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4038 Fees.
Rule 38. (1) Fees for licenses, examinations, boiler operator and stationary engineer
registration; permit applications, certificates, and inspections are as follows:
Licenses
Installer license
$80.00.
Installer exam $100.00.
Installer renewal
$80.00.
Repairer license
$80.00.
Repairer exam $100.00.
Repairer renewal
$80.00.
Inspector license
$80.00.
Inspector exam
$100.00.
Inspector renewal
$50.00.
Boiler operator registration $80.00.
Boiler operator examination $100.00.
Boiler operator registration renewal $80.00.
Stationary engineer registration
$80.00.
Stationary engineer written examination
$100.00.
Stationary engineer registration renewal
$80.00.
3rd class stationary engineer oral examination
$150.00.
2nd class stationary engineer oral examination
$200.00.
1st class stationary engineer oral examination
$250.00.
The reprinting of a registration more than 30 days after
the issuance date
$30.00.
Examination fees are nonrefundable.
Permit applications
Nuclear installation permit application
$1,380.00.
Nuclear repair permit application
$400.00.
Low-pressure installation permit application $75.00.
High pressure installation permit application
$120.00 +.05 per foot of piping.
Repair permit application
$75.00.
Permit application fees are nonrefundable.
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Certificates
Certificates $60.00.
Reprinting of certificate more than 30 days after the issuance
date $30.00.
Inspections
Power boilers-150 square feet or less $70.00.
Power boilers-more than 150 square feet to 4,000 square feet
$165.00.
Power boilers-more than 4,000 square feet to 10,000 square feet $180.00.
Power boilers-more than 10,000 square feet $205.00.
Low-pressure heating boiler without manhole
$70.00.
Inspection of an additional low-pressure heating boiler without
a manhole at the same physical location, on the same date $60.00.
Low-pressure heating boiler with manhole $85.00.
Low-pressure hot water supply boiler$60.00.
Inspection of an additional low-pressure hot water supply boiler
at the same physical location, on the same date
$45.00.
Low-pressure process boiler without manhole
$70.00.
Low-pressure process boiler with manhole $85.00.
Miniature hobby locomotive boiler $15.00.
Special inspections
(2) The boiler division shall provide special inspections not otherwise covered in
subrule (1) of this rule. The charge for this service shall be at the rate of $100.00 for the
first hour and $100.00 for each additional hour, plus lodging, meals, transportation, and
other related expenses incurred for performing special inspections.
(3) Fees required under these rules shall be paid by cash, money order, or check to the
department. Money orders or checks shall be made payable to: “State of Michigan.”
History: 1981 AACS; 1991 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2001 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2007 AACS;
2009 AACS; 2010 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4039 Permits to alter boiler, piping, or vessel.
Rule 39. (1) The boiler division of the department may issue a permit to alter a
boiler, piping, or vessel subject to these rules only to
a Michigan-licensed boiler repairer who possesses a valid
certificate of
authorization from the national board of boiler and pressure vessel inspectors for
alterations or the ASME boiler and pressure vessel committee to build the type of
boiler, piping, or vessel being altered.
Drawings and calculations covering all details of the proposed alteration shall
accompany the application for a permit to alter.
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(2) The licensed repairer shall perform the alteration in accordance with the
NBIC.
(3) The licensed repairer who makes the alteration shall prepare a report on forms
prescribed by the boiler division of the department.
The licensed repairer shall
furnish an original and 2 copies of the report to the boiler division of the department,
and upon request, 1 copy of the report to the boiler owner and user. The report
shall clearly indicate what changes have been made to the original construction. The
report shall show, in the spaces provided, the manufacturer's serial number of the boiler,
the national board number, if assigned, and the Michigan serial number assigned.
(4) The licensed repairer who makes the alteration shall prepare and attach a
nameplate that complies with the requirements of the NBIC.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4045 Registration of boilers.
Rule 45. (1) Within 6 months from the effective date of these rules, all owners
or users of boilers and their installations now in use or installed ready for use in the
state shall report to the chief inspector on forms prescribed by the department, giving
the location, type, capacity, age, and date of installation.
(2) Before transfer of ownership of a boiler is complete, the current owner shall
assure all invoices for inspection
certificates
and inspections for services
rendered under his or her ownership are paid in full. Upon completion of transfer
of ownership, the new owner of a boiler shall notify the boiler division of the
department of change in ownership of a boiler or change in ownership of a location
where a boiler is installed. Upon written notification, a new certificate of inspection
shall be issued in the name of the new owner.
(3) A boiler owner or user shall notify the boiler division of the department
immediately when his or her boiler insurance has been discontinued.
History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4047 Exempt boilers.
Rule 47. These rules do not apply to any of the following:
(a) A boiler under federal control.
(b) A swimming pool heater, open car wash heater, and similar types of equipment
which do not have intervening valves on the return or discharge piping, which do not
have a reduction in pipe size in the return or discharge piping, and which do not generate
more than normal circulating pump pressure.
(c) A miniature steam or marine engine used for a hobby.
(d) A boiler used in the power plant of a self-propelled vehicle designed primarily for
transportation of persons or property on a highway, except for a vehicle used exclusively
on stationary rails or tracks.
(e) A boiler used on a mint farm for mint processing purposes.
(f) A nonvaporizing, organic fluid boiler if the boiler meets all of the following criteria:
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(i) The system is vented and does not have valves or restrictions in the pipe between the
boiler and the vent.
(ii) The vent pipe is sized so that the thermal expansion of the fluid will not result in an
increase in pressure on the system, which is verifiable with engineering data.
(iii) The owner or user provides the boiler division of the department with calculations
performed by an engineer, which verify that pressure due to thermal expansion cannot
exist in the boiler as installed.
(g) A low-pressure steam boiler that has a volume of less than 5 cubic feet and that does
not have piped feed connections.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4049 Boilers subject to inspection.
Rule 49. Each boiler used or proposed to be used within this state shall be
thoroughly inspected as to its construction, installation, and condition.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS.
R 408.4051 Inspection of certain boilers required.
Rule 51. Upon completion of the installation, all boilers shall be inspected by
the chief inspector or a deputy inspector.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS.
R 408.4052 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4055 Right of access.
Rule 55. The director, chief inspector, deputy inspector, or any special inspector shall
have free access, during reasonable hours, to any premises in the state where a boiler is
being constructed, installed, repaired, operated, or connected and ready for use for the
purpose of ascertaining whether the boiler is in compliance with the act.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4057 Boiler inspection.
Rule 57. (1) Once a boiler has been inspected by the chief or deputy inspector and the
boiler and its installation approved, all certificate inspections shall be conducted pursuant
to the NBIC and these rules by an inspector who is properly licensed to inspect boilers in
this state pursuant to all the following provisions:
(a) A power boiler, process boiler, or high-pressure, high-temperature water boiler shall
receive a certificate inspection annually and shall also be externally inspected annually,
while under pressure, within 6 months from the date of the internal inspection.
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(b) A low-pressure steam or vapor heating boiler shall receive a certificate inspection
biennially.
(c) Hot water heating and hot water supply boilers shall receive a certificate inspection
triennially, with an internal inspection at the discretion of the inspector.
(d) A nonvaporizing, organic fluid boiler that is not exempt under these rules shall
receive an external certificate inspection triennially.
(e) A miniature hobby locomotive boiler shall receive a certificate inspection annually.
(f) A grace period of 2 months beyond the periods specified in subdivisions (a) to (e) of
this subrule may lapse between certificate inspections, and the board may permit longer
periods between certificate inspections.
(g) Internal inspection of cast boilers shall be at the discretion of the inspector.
(2) The certificate inspection shall be an internal inspection if construction allows,
otherwise the certificate inspection shall be as complete an inspection as possible unless
specified otherwise under this rule.
(3) The chief inspector, deputy inspector, or a special inspector provided for in the act
shall make the inspections specified in this rule.
(4) If, at the discretion of the inspector, a hydrostatic test is necessary, the boiler owner
or user shall ensure that the test is performed in the presence of the inspector.
(5) Certificate inspection reports submitted by electronic interface shall be in a format
acceptable to the boiler division.
(6) Certificate inspection reports submitted to the boiler division for data entry shall be
assessed a fee of $2.00 per report.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 1985 AACS; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006
AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4058 Extension of internal inspection certificate to 24 or 36 months.
Rule 58. (1) An internal boiler inspection may be increased from an annual inspection
to a 24-month inspection frequency by approval of the board of boiler rules. An
employee delegated by the utility or industrial facility shall apply for the extension and
submit a copy of the document that controls its program for approval by the board of
boiler rules. The information shall be addressed by plant orders, procedures, or policies.
The following information may be contained in 1 document or several documents if 1
document contains references to all other documents addressing the required information:
(i) Operator training.
(ii) Boiler maintenance.
(iii) Water chemistry.
(iv) Operating parameters.
(v) Chemical cleaning schedule.
(vi) Protective devices.
(vii) Boiler external inspection.
(viii) Testing of pressure relief devices pursuant to the NBIC. Repairs shall be
conducted by the valve manufacturer or a “VR” stamp holder.
(2) The plant owner shall establish a review committee. The inspector shall be a
member of the committee. The purpose of the committee is to determine the
acceptability of a boiler to operate safely for a 24-month period. The committee shall
have access to and review all information pertaining to the past operation, maintenance,
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and repair of the boiler. The review committee meeting shall be conducted within 30
days after the internal inspection. The committee may decrease the period of time the
boiler may operate, but shall not extend the period beyond 24 months. The signed
summary report of the review committee meeting shall be submitted to the boiler division
of the department. The grace period provided under R 408.4057 does not apply to this
rule. The inspector shall indicate the next inspection due date on his or her inspection
report to the boiler division of the department.
(3) An internal boiler inspection may be increased from a 24-month inspection to a 36month inspection frequency by approval of the board of boiler rules. An employee
designated by the utility or industrial facility shall request in writing the extension and
shall submit a copy of the document that controls its program with supporting
documentation that demonstrates compliance with all of the following for approval by the
board of boiler rules:
(a) The boiler complies with all of the requirements of subrule (1) of this rule, and is
currently inspected under 24-month inspection frequency approved by the board of boiler
rules.
(b) The boiler is a power boiler.
(c) The following information shall be addressed by the program document, plant
orders, plant procedures, or plant policies:
(i) The boiler is fully attended during operations by qualified personnel designated by
the owner to operate the boiler.
(ii) The owner has a designated organization that provides oversight to boiler
maintenance, and monitors boiler conditions to prevent significant deterioration from
scaling, corrosion, erosion, or overheating to boiler components. The program document
shall contain an organizational chart that delineates the reporting structure of this
organization along with the organization responsible for boiler operation and
maintenance within the owner’s organization.
(iii) The owner has installed instrumentation available and functioning for continuous
monitoring of water chemistry parameters as identified by the boiler manufacturer and
routine calibration is performed. This instrumentation shall be maintained on a list for
each boiler that applies to this paragraph.
(iv) The owner has a program for routine monitoring of the water chemistry condition,
which includes physical samples being analyzed by the owner’s staff. The owner shall
maintain a list of the physical samples for each boiler that applies to this paragraph.
(v) The owner has alarm response procedures that provide direction to operators for
actions to correct variations to chemistry parameters that include removing the boiler
from service.
(d) The establishment of a review committee whose purpose is to determine the
acceptability of a boiler to operate safely for a 36-month period. The review committee
shall be made of, at a minimum, the following members:
(i) A representative from the owner’s boiler operating and maintenance organization.
(ii) A representative from the owner’s organization designated to provide oversight to
boiler maintenance and monitoring of boiler condition.
(iii) The inspector.
(e) The review committee shall have access to and review all information pertaining to
the past operation, maintenance, and repair of the boiler.
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(f) The review committee meeting shall be conducted within 30 days after the internal
inspection. The review committee may shorten the period of time the boiler may operate,
but shall not extend the period beyond that permitted by the board of boiler rules.
(g) The summary report of the review committee meeting shall be submitted to the
boiler division of the department.
(h) The grace period provided under R 408.4057(1)(f) shall not apply to this rule. The
inspector shall indicate the next inspection due date on the inspection report submitted to
the boiler division of the department.
(3) Utilities or industrial facilities with a prescheduled boiler internal certificate
inspection period shall communicate with the boiler division the date when the boiler is
removed from service. The boiler internal inspection may occur at any time during the
outage period. The next operating period shall be calculated based on the date of the
certificate inspection conducted during this period.
(4) An external inspection of the boiler shall be conducted while under pressure, within
12 months of the certificate inspection, and every 12 months thereafter until the next
boiler internal inspection.
History: 1979 AC; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4059 Notification for inspection.
Rule 59. The owner or user shall prepare each boiler for internal inspection in
accordance with the NBIC and these rules and shall prepare for and apply a hydrostatic
pressure test, whenever necessary, on the date specified by the chief inspector,
deputy inspector, or special inspector.
History: 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4065 Examinations for inspector licenses.
Rule 65. (1) Examinations for boiler inspector licenses and certificates of competency
shall be held at a location selected by the board.
(2) Examinations shall be conducted as approved by the board.
History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4067 Qualifications of applicants for a boiler inspector license.
Rule 67. An applicant for examination for a boiler inspector license shall have had not
less than 3 years’ practical experience in the design, construction, or operation of high
pressure boilers, as mechanical engineer, steam engineer, or boilermaker or shall have
had not less than 3 years’ inspection experience as an inspector of high pressure boilers.
A credit of 2 years of the required experience shall be given to applicants holding a
degree in engineering, mathematics, or science from an accredited college or university.
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.
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R 408.4069 Examination; contents of applications.
Rule 69. Application for an examination for a certificate of competency shall be in
writing upon a form to be furnished by the department stating the education of the
applicant, a list of employers, period of employment, and position held with each
employer. An application containing a willful falsification or untruthful statement shall
be rejected.
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4071 Examination; contents.
Rule 71. If an examination applicant's history and experience
meet
the
requirements of R 408.4067, the applicant shall be given a written examination
dealing with the design, construction, installation, and repair of boilers and their
appurtenances. The applicant shall be accepted or rejected on the merits of the
examination. If the applicant is successful in meeting the requirements of the
board, a license and certificate of competency will be issued by the director. An
applicant who fails to pass the examination may appeal to the board for another
examination, which shall be given by the board within 90 days. The record of the
applicant's examination shall be accessible to the applicant and his or her employer.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.4073 Examination fee for boiler inspector's license.
Rule 73. A fee prescribed by R 408.4038 shall be charged for each applicant
taking the examination for boiler inspector's license and shall accompany the
application filed with the department. The fee entitles the applicant to take the
examination twice if necessary. An additional fee prescribed by R 408.4038 shall
accompany each subsequent application.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4075 Special inspector's license.
Rule 75. The director, upon the request of a company authorized to insure
against loss from accident of boilers in this state or a city that has an authorized boiler
inspection department, shall issue, to an inspector of the company or the city, a
license as a special inspector if the inspector, before receiving his or her license,
satisfactorily passes the examination provided for in R 408.4071 or, in place of
the examination, holds a license or a certificate of competency as an inspector of
boilers for a state that has a standard of examination substantially equal to that of
this state or holds a commission as an inspector of boilers issued by the national
board of boiler and pressure vessel inspectors. Each inspector shall present himself or
herself for a review of Michigan boiler law and rules conducted by the chief
inspector before a license is issued.
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History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.4077 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4079 Annual renewal of license.
Rule 79. Each license issued to a special inspector shall be renewed at the
beginning of each calendar year following the date of issuance, and shall be
accompanied by a fee as prescribed by R 408.4038.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS.
R 408.4081 Special inspector employed by insurance company.
Rule 81. A special inspector's license issued to an inspector in the employ of an
insurance company shall be held at the office of the employing company. The
license and the identification card shall be returned to the chief inspector when the
special inspector to whom the license and identification card were issued is no longer
in the company's employ or at the request of the chief inspector, as specified by
section 14 of the act.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.4087 Reporting unregistered boilers.
Rule 87. (1) If a special inspector visits a location to conduct an inspection as required
by these rules, then he or she shall report the location of all boilers that are not registered.
The reporting shall be in addition to the reporting pertaining to the inspection of
registered boilers and their installation. The chief inspector shall assign a deputy
inspector to visit the location to inspect all unregistered boilers and affix a Michigan
serial number.
(2) If an inspector makes an inspection of a boiler that does not bear a Michigan serial
number, then the inspector shall attempt to verify whether the boiler is unregistered or is
missing the serial number tag. If the inspector is unable to determine that the boiler is
registered, then he or she shall report it as prescribed in subrule (1) of this rule.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4089 Boiler installers' licenses.
Rule 89. Boiler installers shall be licensed as required by section 13 of the act.
History: 1979 AC.
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R 408.4091 Application for boiler installer's license.
Rule 91. (1) An application for a boiler installer's license shall be on a form
provided by the boiler division of the department. The applicant shall state the name
of the business, firm, partnership, or
corporation that the applicant intends to
represent in the business of installing boilers and shall provide evidence of his or her
past experience in the installation of boilers and evidence of his or her
workmanship and engineering skills that would qualify the applicant for examination
and licensing.
(2) An applicant for a boiler installer's license shall have not less than 5 years of
experience in all phases of boiler installation in the class of license for which the
applicant is applying. A credit of 2 years of experience towards the 5 years of
experience may be given for 2 years of experience in the design, construction,
manufacture, or inspection of boilers.
(3) The boiler division of the department may verify installations required to
be reported on the application to establish the applicant's
minimum practical installation experience in the applicant's desired
license classification.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4093 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4096 Filing of welding procedures.
Rule 96. (1) If welding is employed in the installation or reinstallation of
a boiler or piping, then the licensed installer shall
file welding procedure specifications and the procedure qualification reports
qualified in accordance with the requirements of ASME code section IX, welding and
brazing qualifications, with the boiler division of the department, before conducting
any installation requiring welding.
(2) A licensed installer who utilizes welding in the installation or reinstallation
of boilers or piping shall have available, for the inspector's review, welding
procedure specifications and welder performance qualification records to be used or that
were used in the installation or reinstallation.
History: 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4099 Identification of applicant's business affiliation for installer's
license.
Rule 99. (1) An applicant for a boiler installer's license shall state the name of the
business, firm, partnership, or corporation under which he or she intends to carry on the
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business of installing boilers before a license will be issued. The applicant may be the
owner, a partner, an officer of a corporation, or a supervisory employee of the business,
firm, partnership, or corporation legally registered with the state.
(2) A person shall not engage in installing boilers under the name of more than 1
business at any one time.
(3) When required by the ASME code, a licensee shall be in the employ of an
organization in possession of the appropriate certificate of authorization.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4101 Installer's license not required.
Rule 101. An individual employed by, and working under the supervision of, a
licensed boiler installer is not required to be licensed.
History: 1979 AC; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4103 Examination for boiler installer's license.
Rule 103. (1) An applicant for a boiler installer's license shall be required to
take an examination approved by the board of boiler rules. The examination will be
held quarterly at a location determined by the boiler division of the department. A
score of 70% is required to pass the examination. A passing score on the
examination is valid for 3 years. If a license is not applied for in that time, then an
applicant shall file a new application for examination.
(2) A licensee wishing to upgrade his or her license to a higher classification
shall maintain his or her current license in good standing for a minimum of 1 year and
take the examination prescribed in subrule (1) of this rule. A licensee may only
upgrade a license 1 classification at a time.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4105 Fee for boiler installer's license.
Rule 105. The fee prescribed by R 408.4038
application for a boiler installer's license.
shall
accompany
the
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS.
R 408.4107 Annual renewal of boiler installer’s license; change of business
affiliation.
Rule 107. (1) A boiler installer’s license shall be renewed annually upon payment of a
fee as prescribed by R 408.4038.
(2) An installer’s license shall expire on December 31 of each year and shall be
renewed. An application for renewal shall be submitted to the boiler division of the
department between September 30 and December 31. A license that is not renewed by
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January 1 shall be voided and may be reinstated only upon application for reinstatement
and payment of both the renewal fee and a reinstatement fee of $80.00. A person
requesting renewal of a license within 3 years after the license is voided pursuant to this
subrule is not subject to reexamination for the license, but shall pay both the
reinstatement fee and the annual license renewal fee for the current renewal year. A
person who fails to renew a license for 3 consecutive years shall meet the requirements
of, and take an examination for, the class of license sought.
(3) A licensee who changes business affiliation shall notify the chief inspector, on a
form provided by the boiler division of the department, of the name and address of the
new business affiliate under which the licensee intends to use his or her license. A fee of
$30.00 shall accompany the notification form.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2007 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4109 Classes of boiler installer's licenses.
Rule 109. (1) A class 1B installer's license qualifies a person to install a lowpressure boiler that does not exceed a firing rate of 1,000,000 BTU per hour as certified
by the boiler manufacturer. For a class 1B license, the sum of all modules in a
modular boiler shall not exceed a firing rate of 1,000,000 BTU per hour as certified by
the boiler manufacturer.
(2) A class 2B installer's license qualifies a person to do all of the following:
(a) Install a low-pressure boiler of any capacity or firing rate.
(b) To perform work covered by a class 1B license.
(3) A class 3B installer's license qualifies a person to do all of the following:
(a) Install a power boiler that has a capacity of not more than 5,000 pounds of
steam per hour.
(b) Install or replace non-boiler external piping as defined by ASME code B31.1
and R 408.4032.
(c) Perform work covered by a class 2B license.
(4) A class 4B installer's license qualifies a person to do all of the following:
(a) Install a boiler that has a capacity of not more than 300,000 pounds of steam
per hour.
(b) Install or replace non-boiler external piping as defined by ASME code B31.1
and R 408.4032.
(c) Perform work covered by a class 3B license.
(5) A class 5B installer's license qualifies a person to do all of the following:
(a) Install a boiler of any capacity or firing rate. Exception: a nuclear heat
source boiler.
(b) Install or replace non-boiler external piping as defined by ASME code B31.1
and R 408.4032.
(c) Perform work covered by a class 4B license.
(6) A class 6B installer's license qualifies a person to install a boiler that utilizes a
nuclear heat source or its parts, appurtenances, or system components. Before a license
is issued, an applicant for a class 6B license shall submit evidence of both of the
following:
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(a) Familiarity with and knowledge of all federal rules and regulations regarding
the installation of a boiler that has a nuclear heat source.
(b) Employment by a company in possession of a valid ASME nuclear code
symbol applicable to the portions of any nuclear boiler system that the company
proposes to install.
(7) A class P license qualifies a person to install or replace non-boiler external
piping or repair non-boiler external piping as defined by ASME code B31.1 and R
408.4032.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2009 AACS.
R 408.4111 Boiler installer’s installation responsibility.
Rule 111. All boiler installations shall be made pursuant to the American society of
mechanical engineers boiler code, and pursuant to R 408.4025 and R 408.4027. Any
deviation from these requirements shall be considered incompetence on behalf of the
licensee and is cause for suspension or revocation of the boiler installer's license.
History: 1979 AC; 2002 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4114 Inspection of components and systems in a nuclear power plant.
Rule 114. (1) Preservice (baseline) inspection, in-service inspection, repair,
replacement, modification, alteration, examination, testing, records, and reports of
individual nuclear components, parts, appurtenances, piping, supports, nuclear systems,
applicable associated auxiliary systems, and complete nuclear power plants that are in
compliance with all of the requirements of the construction code, at the point in time the
requirements have been completed, irrespective of the physical location, shall be as
prescribed in section XI, rules for in-service inspection of nuclear power plant
components, of the ASME boiler and pressure vessel code. A copy of the current edition
of section XI-2010 and its 2011a addenda, is available for inspection at the Michigan
Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, Bureau of Construction Codes, 2501
Woodlake Circle, Okemos, Michigan 48864 or from the ASME International, 22 Law
Drive, Fairfield, New Jersey 07007, at a cost as of the time of adoption of these
amendatory rules of $700.00.
(2) The owner of a nuclear power plant shall file inspection plans and schedules, pump
and valve testing programs, and requests for relief from section XI of the ASME code
requirements with the boiler division of the department.
(3) The nuclear power plant shall maintain compliance with requirements, as prescribed
by the nuclear regulatory commission.
History: 1979 AC; 1985 AACS; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013
AACS.
R 408.4115 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4116 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4117 Boiler repairers; licenses.
Rule 117. Boiler repairers shall be licensed as required by section 13 of the act.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4119 Application for boiler repairer's licenses.
Rule 119. (1) An application for a boiler repairer's license shall be on a form
provided by the boiler division of the department. The applicant shall state the name
of the business, firm, partnership, or
corporation that the applicant intends to
represent in the business of repairing boilers and shall give evidence of his or her past
experience in the repair of boilers and evidence of his or her workmanship and
engineering skills that would qualify the applicant for examination and licensing.
(2) An applicant for a boiler repairer's license shall have at least 5 years of
experience in all phases of boiler repair in the class of license for which the
applicant is applying. A credit of 3 years of experience towards the 5 years of
experience will be given for 3 years of experience in the design, construction,
manufacture, or inspection of boilers.
(3) The boiler division of the department may verify repairs required to be
reported on the application to establish the applicant's minimum practical repair
experience in the applicant's desired license classification. Copies of the boiler
division inspection reports of the repairs shall be made part of the application.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4120 Filing of welding procedures.
Rule 120. (1) If welding is employed in the repair, replacement, or alteration
of a boiler or piping, then the licensed repairer
shall file welding procedure
specifications and
procedure
qualification reports qualified in accordance with
ASME code section IX, welding and brazing qualifications, with the boiler division
of the department, before conducting any welding.
(2) A licensed repairer who utilizes welding in the repair, replacement, or
alteration of boilers or piping shall have available, for the inspector's review,
welding procedure specifications and welder performance qualification records at the
work site or other mutually agreed upon location.
History: 2006 AACS.
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R 408.4121
Examination for boiler repairer's license; establishment;
administration; nuclear repairer license applicant; certificate of authorization;
examination.
Rule 121. (1) The examination shall be held quarterly at a location determined
by the boiler division of the department.
(2) An applicant wishing to upgrade his or her license to a higher classification
shall take the examination prescribed in subrule (1) of this rule.
(3) The director, upon the request of a company in possession of a valid ASME
"N" type certificate of authorization or the national board of boiler and pressure vessel
inspectors "NR" certificate of authorization, shall issue, to an individual of the
company, a license as a nuclear repairer if the individual, before receiving his or her
license, satisfactorily passes the examination prescribed in subrule (1) of this rule.
History: 1979 AC; 1985 AACS; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS.
R 408.4122
Identification of applicant's business affiliation for repairer's
license.
Rule 122. (1) An applicant for a boiler repairer's license shall state the name of
the business, firm, partnership, or corporation under which he or she intends to carry on
the business of repairing boilers before a license will be issued. The applicant may be
the owner, a partner, an officer of a corporation, or a supervisory employee of the
business, firm, partnership, or corporation legally registered with the state.
(2) A person shall not engage in repairing boilers under the name of more than 1
business at any one time.
History: 2002 AACS.
R 408.4123 Boiler repairer's license application fee.
Rule 123. The fee prescribed by R 408.4038
application for boiler repairer's license.
shall
accompany
each
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS.
R 408.4124 Repairer's license not required.
Rule 124. An individual employed by, and working under the supervision of, a
licensed boiler repairer is not required to be licensed.
History: 2002 AACS.
R 408.4125 Annual renewal of boiler repairer’s license; change of business
affiliation.
Rule 125. (1) A boiler repairer’s license shall be renewed annually upon payment of a
fee as prescribed by R 408.4038.
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(2) A repairer’s license shall expire on December 31 of each year and shall be renewed.
An application for renewal shall be submitted to the boiler division of the department
between September 30 and December 31. A license that is not renewed by January 1
shall be voided and may be reinstated only upon application for reinstatement and
payment of both the renewal fee and a reinstatement fee of $80.00. A person requesting
renewal of a license within 3 years after the license is voided pursuant to this subrule is
not subject to reexamination for the license, but shall pay both the reinstatement fee and
the annual license renewal fee for the current renewal year. A person who fails to renew
a license for 3 consecutive years shall meet the requirements of, and take an examination
for, the class of license sought.
(3) A licensee who changes business affiliation shall notify the chief inspector, on a
form provided by the boiler division of the department, of the name and address of the
new business affiliate under which the licensee intends to use his or her license. A fee of
$30.00 shall accompany the notification form.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2007 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4127 Boiler repairers; classes of licenses.
Rule 127. (1) A class I license allows a licensee to repair a boiler by means other
than welding, riveting, or other fabrication process.
(2) A class II license allows a licensee to do both of the following:
(a) Repair a low-pressure boiler, a hot water supply boiler, and a fire tube boiler
of any pressure.
(b) Perform work covered by a class I license.
(3) A class III license allows a licensee to do all of the following:
(a) Repair a high-pressure boiler.
(b) Repair or replace non-boiler external piping, as defined by ASME code B31.1
and R 408.4032.
(c) Perform work covered by a class II license.
(4) A class IV license allows a licensee to do all of the following:
(a) Repair or field-erect a boiler of any pressure. Exception: a boiler that has a
nuclear heat source.
(b) Repair or replace non-boiler external piping as defined by ASME code B31.1
and R 408.4032.
(5) A class V license allows a licensee to erect and repair a boiler that has a nuclear
heat source or its parts, appurtenances, or system components, and also provides the
following:
(a) The licensee may repair or replace non-boiler external piping, as defined by
ASME code B31.1 and R 408.4032.
(b) Before a license is issued, an applicant for a class V license shall submit
evidence of the following:
(i) Familiarity with and knowledge of all federal rules and regulations regarding
the construction of a boiler that has a nuclear heat source.
(ii) Employment by a company in possession of a valid ASME N-type symbol
stamp applicable to the portions of any nuclear boiler system he or she proposes to
repair.
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(6) A class P license qualifies a person to install or repair non-boiler external
piping as defined by ASME code B31.1 and R 408.4032.
(7) A licensed boiler repairer shall secure a permit for a change in use of an
existing boiler or replacement by mechanical methods, without welding, of sections in
sectional boilers, heat exchangers, feed water heater or economizer, and tube bundles
in accordance with R 408.4033.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS.
R 408.4129 Boiler repairer’s repair responsibility.
Rule 129. It is the responsibility of a licensed boiler repairer to make all boiler repairs
pursuant to R 408.4024 and arrange for the required inspections with an inspector before
work is started.
Any deviation from these requirements shall be considered
incompetence on behalf of the licensee and is cause for suspension or revocation of the
boiler repairer's license.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4131 Examination of persons with revoked licenses.
Rule 131. The board shall require examination or reexamination of any licensee
whose license has been revoked for cause.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4133 Reports of inspection to be filed.
Rule 133. (1) Each company employing licensed boiler inspectors, within 30 days
following each boiler certificate inspection made by the inspectors, shall file a report of
the inspection with the chief inspector upon appropriate forms provided by the boiler
division.
(2) Certificate inspection reports submitted by electronic interface shall be in a format
acceptable to the boiler division of the department.
(3) Certificate inspection reports submitted to the boiler division of the department for
data entry shall be assessed a fee of $2.00 per report.
(4) Reporting of non-certificate external inspections shall not be required except when
such inspections disclose the boiler is in a condition where a violation is issued pursuant
to R 408.4149.
(5) The inspector shall leave a signed and dated inspection sticker or inspection report
at the inspection location.
(6) The inspector shall record his or her national board of boiler and pressure vessel
commission number on the inspection report.
History: 1979 AC; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4139 Rental boilers.
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Rule 139. A rental boiler shall be inspected before it is rented and the boiler
shall be approved for temporary installation.
An inspection certificate for an
approved rental boiler is valid for 12 months.
A licensed boiler installer shall secure an installation permit in accordance
with R 408.4033 each time a rental boiler is reinstalled. The permit application for an
installed rental boiler shall be posted at the rental boiler.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4143 Refusal of inspection or nonpayment of fee.
Rule 143. If the owner or user of a boiler required to be inspected refuses to
allow an inspection to be made or refuses to pay the fee prescribed by R 408.4038,
the certificate of inspection shall be suspended by the chief inspector until the owner or
user allows the inspection or pays the fee.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS.
R 408.4149 Notice of violation.
Rule 149. (1) A written notice of violation containing the code deficiencies shall be
sent to, or served upon, the owner or user by the chief inspector, deputy inspector, or
special inspector advising of the existing conditions and stating a compliance date when
the violation shall be corrected. If the code deficiencies are not corrected by the
compliance date, the violation notice shall serve as a suspension of the certificate. (2)
When the notice of violation is issued as a certificate blocking, the inspection certificate
shall be suspended and a written notice shall be given to the owner or user at the time of
the violation issuance. The certificate blocking violation shall continue in effect until the
boiler has been made to conform to these rules and until the certificate has been
reinstated.
(3) A fee shall be charged pursuant to R 408.4038 (2) for all follow-up visits by the
chief inspector or deputy inspector.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4151 Defacing or removing certificate or numbers.
Rule 151. No person except the chief inspector or a deputy inspector shall
deface or remove any certificate of inspection or mark of identification number
on a boiler.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4153 Operation of boiler under pressure without valid certificate prohibited;
penalty.
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Rule 153. (1) An owner or user shall not operate a boiler under pressure in this state to
which these rules apply without a valid inspection certificate.
(2) An owner or user who causes a boiler to be operated at a pressure exceeding
maximum operating pressure that is specified on the inspection certificate is subject to
the penalty prescribed in section 24 of the act.
(3) When 2 or more boilers of different maximum allowable working pressure are
connected to a common system, the maximum operating pressure of each boiler shall be
that of the lesser boiler or boiler’s maximum allowable operating pressure.
History: 1979 AC; 2002 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4155 Boiler policies; newly written, canceled, or suspended.
Rule 155. All insurance companies shall notify the chief inspector within 30
days of all boilers newly insured, canceled, not renewed, or suspended because of
unsafe conditions.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4157 Notification; defective boilers.
Rule 157. If a special inspector, upon the first inspection of a new risk, finds that the
boiler or any of the appurtenances are in such condition that the company refuses
insurance, the company shall immediately notify the chief inspector and submit a notice
of violation of the defects.
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4161 Defective conditions; external inspections.
Rule 161. If, upon an external inspection, there is evidence of a leak or crack,
enough of the covering of the boiler shall be removed to satisfy the inspector in order
that he may determine the safety of the boiler; or if the covering cannot be removed at
that time, he may order the operation of the boiler stopped until such time as the
covering can be removed and proper examination made.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4163 Notification in case of accident that renders boiler inoperative.
Rule 163. (1) If an accident occurs that renders a boiler inoperative, then the
owner or user shall immediately notify the chief inspector.
For a serious accident, notice shall be given immediately by the quickest method
available, and neither the boiler nor any of its parts shall be removed or disturbed
before an inspection has been made by the chief inspector, deputy inspector, or
special inspector, unless the removal is to save human life. A condition or failure which
results in bodily injury or physical damage to equipment or property other than the
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boiler or which creates a unique or unusual explosion hazard shall be reported as
a serious accident.
(2) A detailed accident report shall be submitted by the owner's
or user's
insurance company boiler inspector on an accident report form furnished by the
boiler division of the department. If a boiler is not insured, a state deputy boiler
inspector shall submit the required report.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4165 Restamping of boilers.
Rule 165. When the stamping on a boiler becomes indistinct, the inspector
shall instruct the owner or user to have it restamped. Request for permission to
restamp the boiler shall be made to the chief inspector and proof of the original
stamping shall accompany the request made to the chief inspector. Restamping
authorized by the chief inspector shall be done only by an inspector, and shall be
identical with the original stamping, except that it will not be required to restamp
the ASME code symbol. Notice of completion of such restamping shall be filed with
the chief inspector by the inspector who stamped the boiler, together with a facsimile
of the stamping applied.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4167 Penalty for operation of unsafe boilers.
Rule 167. If, upon inspection, a boiler is found to be in such a condition that
it is unsafe to operate, the inspection certificate shall be suspended pursuant to section
20(4) of the act. A person, firm, partnership, or corporation causing such a boiler
to be operated shall be subject to the penalty prescribed in section 24 of the act.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4169 Condemned boilers.
Rule 169. A boiler which has been inspected and declared unsafe by the chief inspector,
deputy inspector, or special inspector and which the owner has determined will be
scrapped shall be placed out of service and stamped or labeled with the word
“condemned.” The stamping shall be as shown by the following facsimile and shall be
situated in several conspicuous locations determined by the inspector.
-CONDEMNEDHistory: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4171 Removal of used boilers from state.
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Rule 171. (1) If an ASME boiler located in this state is to be moved to another state for
temporary use or repairs, application shall be made by the owner to the chief inspector for
permission to reinstall the boiler in this state as prescribed in R 408.4177.
(2) Repairs conducted outside of this state to boilers or pressure parts of boilers that
will be reinstalled in this state shall be conducted by an organization in possession of a
valid certificate of authorization to repair boilers. The organization shall conduct the
repair pursuant to the NBIC and submit all forms required by the NBIC.
History: 1979 AC; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4172 Nonstandard boilers; bringing into state.
Rule 172. (1) If a nonstandard boiler that is in use in this state is removed outside the
boundaries of the state, it cannot be brought into the state and reinstalled without the
permission of the board of boiler rules.
(2) A person may petition the board to approve the use of a nonstandard boiler. Upon
receipt of the petition, the board shall cause to be conducted testing and evaluation it
considers desirable for the nonstandard boiler to determine whether construction is
equivalent to standards specified in R 408.4025.
(3) A boiler owner requesting to have a special installation and operational permit shall
submit the following items to the board of boiler rules, as applicable, in the English
language and units:
(a) A list of all existing or proposed design and service conditions, maximum allowable
working pressure (MAWP), and temperature, internal and external loading, corrosion and
erosion allowance, heat treatment, service requirements, or service conditions.
(b) Documentation that the manufacture of the boiler is based on requirements from the
applicable ASME code section as follows:
(i) Power boilers – section I
(ii) Materials specifications – section II
(iii) Nuclear power plant components – section III, division 1 and 2
(iv) Heating boilers – section IV
(v) Pressure vessels – section VIII, division 1 and 2
(vi) Welding and brazing qualifications – section IX
(vii) Fiberglass-reinforced plastic pressure vessels – section X
(viii) Power piping – ASME B31.1
(4) If the design, construction, and certification were not based on ASME code rules,
the manufacturer of the boiler shall provide a copy of the design rules used and show how
they meet or exceed the ASME code requirements by providing all of the following:
(a) A complete set of design drawings showing weld joint details and construction
including internal and external attachments.
(b) A list of all pressure boundary materials or those materials and the material’s
thickness subject to stress due to pressure and loading. The list shall include a material
specification to meet or exceed the applicable ASME codes specification. If material
used is a specification other than referenced in the applicable ASME code section, the
manufacturer of the boiler through the owner shall submit a copy of the material
specifications used in the vessel construction and indicate how it is considered equivalent
to the ASME Code. Stress values used in all design calculations shall meet or exceed the
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maximum allowable stress values permitted for materials in the applicable ASME code
section.
(c) Documentation of any mill identification, including location of identification.
(d) Manufacturers’ materials test reports and traceability including test reports required
by applicable code section.
(e) Welding or brazing procedure specifications and welder or brazer performance
qualification records.
(f) NDE procedures and results of examinations.
(g) Record of pressure test or proof test.
(h) Documentation showing the quality assurance program used by manufacturer is
equivalent to requirements of the ASME code.
(i) Identification of the inspection agency performing inspections and certifying
manufacturer’s data report or equivalent.
(j) Evidence of qualification or certification of the inspection agency by a jurisdictional
authority.
(k) Documentation to show that inspectors making certification inspections have been
certified as required by the jurisdictional authority. Individual names and commission
numbers (if any) shall be provided. System of supervisory control of inspection shall be
included.
(l) Documentation of fabrication inspections by the manufacturer and inspection
agency.
(m) An internal and external inspection report by inspection agency inspectors.
(n) A facsimile of the nameplate or stamping.
(o) A copy of manufacturer’s data report or equivalent document certified by the
manufacturer and the inspection agency’s inspector.
(p) A copy of any code or standard used for design or construction.
(5) The original code of construction shall be used to establish the allowable stresses
and joint efficiencies when calculating the MAWP of a vessel.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4173 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4175 Inspection of used and secondhand boilers for reinstallation and
operation.
Rule 175. The owner or user shall ensure that all used and secondhand boilers
are inspected by the chief inspector or a deputy inspector to determine compliance
with these rules before approval for reinstallation.
The chief inspector or deputy inspector may require a hydrostatic test. A used or
secondhand boiler shall not be placed in operation until its installation has been
approved for operation by the chief inspector or a deputy inspector.
History: 1979 AC; 2002 AACS.
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R 408.4177 Reinstallation of used or secondhand boilers; fees.
Rule 177. Reinstallation of a used or secondhand boiler shall only be
performed by a licensed boiler installer. A permit fee prescribed by
R 408.4038 shall be paid directly to the boiler division of the department and shall
accompany the permit to reinstall a used or secondhand boiler.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4179 Reinstalled boilers; fittings and appurtenances.
Rule 179. The owner shall ensure that the installation of a reinstalled boiler
conforms to the requirements of R 408.4031.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4182 Steam kettles.
Rule 182. (1) A fired or electrically heated steam kettle, irrespective of size, that has
piped feed connections shall be in compliance with these rules.
(2) A fired or electrically heated kettle, irrespective of size without feed piping
connections, shall be in compliance with the requirements of these rules. Instead of an
installation permit, the owner or user shall report the installation to the chief inspector
before the unit is operated. The chief inspector shall assign a deputy inspector to visit the
installation location to inspect the kettle to determine its safety for operation. A kettle
that is operated at or below 15 psi shall be inspected biennially. A kettle that is operated
at more than 15 psi shall be inspected annually.
(3) Steam kettles manufactured to ASME section VIII division-1 2010 and its 2011a
addenda shall have the minimum appurtenances and controls that are required in
mandatory appendix 19.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4185 Safety appurtenances and controls.
Rule 185. A person shall not attempt to remove, or shall not do any work upon,
any safety appurtenance or control prescribed by these rules while a boiler is in
operation. If an appurtenance or control is repaired during an outage of a boiler, it shall
be reinstalled and in proper working order before the appurtenance or control is
placed back in service. A person shall not load the safety valve or valves to maintain
a working pressure of more than that stated on the certificate of inspection.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.4186 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 1985 AACS; 1995 AACS; 2009 AACS.
R 408.4187 Prevention of contamination of potable water supply.
Rule 187. The boiler owner shall ensure that a boiler has proper connections
to the potable water supply system to prevent contamination. The connections shall be as
specified in the Michigan plumbing code, R 408.30701 to R 408.30796.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4189 Air for combustion.
Rule 189. The boiler owner shall ensure that a boiler has adequate outside
combustion air as specified in the Michigan mechanical code, R 408.30901a to R
408.30998a.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4193 Stairways, ladders, platforms, and runways.
Rule 193. (1) A licensee shall comply with NBIC part 1 sections 2.4.2 and 3.4.2 in the
installation of stairways, ladders, platforms, and runways.
Exception: A platform shall be installed at 1 end of all drums of a water tube boiler that
are more than 4 feet above the floor or walkway to permit safe access to the interior of
the drums for cleanout and inspection.
(2) An inspector shall notify the owner or user who is required to conform to this rule
and shall give written notice of a violation to the owner or user that the installation of the
required stairway, runway, platform, or ladder is to be made. The owner or user shall be
allowed 1 year from the date of the violation to complete the work.
(3) A licensee may request a deviation from the requirements of this rule by submitting
drawings to the chief inspector for review and approval before installation of the boiler.
The licensee will be notified by the chief inspector of the approval or denial of the
request.
(4) Where applicable, the boiler installation shall comply with the Michigan mechanical
code, R 408.30901 to R 408.30998.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4195 Exits from boiler rooms.
Rule 195. The owner shall ensure that the exit from a boiler room complies with the
requirements specified in the Michigan building code, R 408.30401 to R 408.30547.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2009 AACS.
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R 408.4197 Clearance between boilers and other objects.
Rule 197. (1) A licensee performing an installation shall ensure that the installation is
made pursuant to the NBIC part 1 section 2.3.3 and 3.3.4.
Exception: The minimum clearance of 24 inches is provided between a boiler, its
controls, firing equipment, and appurtenances and the building walls and partitions or
other boilers or machinery.
(2) The licensee shall ensure that clearances are pursuant to the manufacturer’s
instructions where required clearances are greater than the minimum required by this
rule. The boiler owner shall ensure that the clearances are maintained for the life of the
boiler and shall not be infringed upon by items in storage.
(3) The elevation of a boiler above the floor shall be as specified in the Michigan
mechanical code, R 408.30901 to R 408.30998.
(4) A licensee may request a deviation from the requirements of this rule by submitting
drawings and the manufacturer’s installation requirements to the chief inspector for
review and approval before installation of the boiler. The licensee shall be notified by the
chief inspector of the approval or denial of the request.
(5) Where applicable, the boiler installation clearances shall comply with the Michigan
electrical code, R 408.30801 to R 408.30880.
History: 1979 AC; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
PART 2. EXISTING INSTALLATIONS
STEAM BOILERS
R 408.4201 Existing steam boilers.
Rule 201. "Existing steam boilers," as used in this part, mean steam boilers that
are in actual use, or which are installed and ready for use prior to August 10, 1917. It
should not be applied to secondhand boilers, rental boilers, or to boilers that are subject
to change in ownership or are to be reset, in which case the rules for new construction
shall apply.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4202 Age limit of nonstandard existing steam boilers.
Rule 202. The age limit of any boiler of nonstandard construction, installed
prior to the date this law became effective, shall be 30 years except that after a
thorough internal and external inspection and a hydrostatic pressure of 1 1/2 times
the allowable working pressure and held for a period of at least 30 minutes, during
which no distress or leakage develops, any boilers having other than a lap-riveted
longitudinal joint may be continued in operation without reduction in working pressure.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4203 Age limit of lap seam boilers.
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Rule 203. The age limit of any boiler having lap-riveted longitudinal joints and
operating at a pressure in excess of 50 psi shall be 20 years; this type of boiler, when
removed from an existing setting, shall not be reinstalled for a pressure in excess of 15
psi. A reasonable time for replacement, not to exceed 1 year, may be given at the
discretion of the chief inspector.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4205 Lap seam crack.
Rule 205. The shell or drum of a boiler in which a typical "lap seam crack" is
discovered along a longitudinal riveted joint or lap joints shall be permanently
discontinued for use under pressure. By "lap seam crack" is meant the typical crack
frequently found in lap seams extending parallel to the longitudinal joint and located
either between or adjacent to rivet holes.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4206 Age limit of standard existing boilers.
Rule 206. The age limit of boilers of standard construction shall be dependent
on a thorough internal and external inspection and hydrostatic pressure test of 1 1/2
times the allowable working pressure for a period of 30 minutes. If the boiler under
these test conditions exhibits no distress or leakage, it may be continued in operation
at the same working pressure.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4207 Factors of safety.
Rule 207. (1) The lowest factor of safety that will be permissible on existing
installations under any conditions is 4.5. Secondhand boilers shall have a minimum
factor of safety of 5 when the longitudinal joints are of butt- and double-strap
construction, and a minimum factor of safety of 6 when the longitudinal joints are of
lap-riveted construction.
Horizontal-return tubular boilers having continuous lap-riveted joints of more than
12 feet in length shall have a factor of safety of not less than 8.
(2) The factors of safety for all standard boilers having longitudinal joints other
than lap-riveted construction shall be increased at the end of its specified age limit by
not less than 5/10, except that after a thorough internal and external inspection and
a hydrostatic pressure test of 1 1/2 times the pressure allowed and held for a period of
at least 30 minutes, during which no distress or leakage develops, the pressure may
be continued at a factor of 5.5. These factors may be increased by the inspector as
the condition and safety of the boiler may dictate, and in no case shall the factor of
safety be less than called for by the rules for new construction.
(3) In no case shall the maximum allowable working pressure on old boilers be
increased, unless they are being operated at a lesser pressure than would be allowable
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for new boilers, in which case the changed pressure shall not exceed that allowable
for new boilers of the same construction.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4208 Portable boilers.
Rule 208. Portable boilers, such as used by contractors, agriculturists, sawmills,
etc., used for purely portable purposes and transported from place to place, shall be
deemed secondhand in the event of change of ownership, irrespective of change of
location, and shall comply with the rules for new construction when reinstalled at a
new location. They shall have a factor of safety of at least 5.5 where of butt-strap
construction and a factor of safety of not less than 6 where of lap-seam construction.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4210 Cast-iron headers and mud drums.
Rule 210. The maximum allowable working pressure on a water-tube boiler, the
tubes of which are secured to cast-iron or malleable-iron headers, or which have castiron mud drums, shall not exceed 160 psig. The maximum allowable working
pressure of a steam boiler constructed wholly or principally of cast iron shall not
exceed 15 psi. Hot water boilers operating at temperatures not to exceed 250
degrees Fahrenheit may be operated at pressures up to 160 psi.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4212 Maximum allowable working pressure.
Rule 212. (1) The maximum allowable working pressure on the shell or drum of
a boiler shall be determined by the strength of the weakest section of the structure,
computed from the thickness of the plate, the tensile strength of the plate, the
efficiency of the longitudinal joint or of the ligaments between tube holes in the shell or
drum (whichever is the least), the inside diameter of the outside course and the factor
of safety allowed by these rules.
TStE/RFS = Maximum allowable working pressure, psi
where TS = ultimate tensile strength of shell plates, psi.
t = minimum thickness of shell plate, in weakest course, inches
E = efficiency of longitudinal joint:
For riveted construction, E shall be determined by the rules
based on the ratio which the strength of the joint bears to
the strength of the solid plate.
For fusion-welded construction, E shall be determined by the rules applying to
the class of welding used.
For tube ligaments, E shall be determined by the rules based
on the ratio of the cross-sectional area of the ligaments
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to the entire section of the plate.
For seamless construction, E shall be considered 100%.
R = one half the insude diameter of the weakest course of shell
or drum, inches
FS = factor of safety permitted by these rules.
(2) When the tensile strength of steel or wrought-iron shell plates is not known, it
shall be taken as 55,000 psi for steel and 45,000 psi for wrought iron.
(3) In computing the efficiency of riveted joints, the resistance to crushing of mild
steel shall be taken as 95,000 psi of cross-sectional area.
(4) When computing the ultimate strength of rivets in shear, the following values
in pounds per square inch of the cross-sectional area of the rivet shank shall be used:
Iron rivets in single shear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38,000
Iron rivets in double shear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76,000
Steel rivets in single shear . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44,000
Steel rivets in double shear . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88,000 When the diameter of the rivet
holes in the longitudinal joints of a boiler is not known, the diameter and crosssectional area of rivet shanks may be selected from table 1, or they may be ascertained
by cutting out 1 rivet in the body of the joint.
(5) In no case shall a boiler be designed for a pressure less than 30 psi.
TABLE 1
SIZES OF RIVETS BASED ON PLATE THICKNESS
Thickness of plate, inches 1/4 9/32 5/16 11/32 3/8 13/32 Diameter of rivet after driving,
inches 11/16 11/16 3/4 3/4 13/16 13/16 Thickness of plate, inches 7/16 15/32 1/2 9/16
5/8 ....
Diameter of rivet after driving, inches 15/16 15/16 15/16 1 1/16 1 1/16 ....
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4214 Safety and safety relief valves.
Rule 214. A person shall not use weighted-lever safety valves or safety valves that
have a seat or disk made of cast iron. Valves of this type or construction shall be
replaced by direct spring-loaded pop-type valves or safety relief valves that are in
compliance with the requirements of the ASME power boiler code and shall be
connected to the boiler with the spindle vertical.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.4215 Number of safety valves.
Rule 215. Each boiler shall have at least 1 safety valve; and if power boilers have
more than 500 square feet of water-heating surface, such boilers shall have 2 or
more safety valves.
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History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4216 Safety valve connections.
Rule 216. The valve or valves shall be connected to the boiler, independent
of any other steam connection, and attached as close as possible to the boiler,
without unnecessary intervening pipe or fittings.
Where alteration is required to conform to this requirement, owners or users shall
be allowed reasonable time in which to complete the work.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4217 Safety valve discharge pipes.
Rule 217. No valves of any description shall be placed between the safety
valve and the boiler nor on the escape pipe between the safety valve and the
atmosphere. When an escape pipe is used, it shall be full size of the safety valve
discharge and fitted with an open drain to prevent water lodging in the upper part
of the safety valve or escape pipe. When an elbow is placed on a safety valve escape
pipe, it shall be located close to the safety valve outlet and the escape pipe shall
be anchored and supported securely. All safety valve discharges shall be so located or
piped as to be carried clear from walkways or platforms used for access to main stop
valves of boilers or steam headers.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4218 Safety valve capacity.
Rule 218. The safety valve capacity of each boiler shall be such that the safety
valve or valves will discharge all the steam that can be generated by the boiler
without allowing the pressure to rise more than 6% above the highest pressure to which
any valve is set, and in no case to more than 6% above the maximum allowable
working pressure. The steam safety valve capacity for each steam heating boiler shall
be such that with the fuel-burning equipment installed, the pressure cannot rise
more than 5 psi above the maximum allowable working pressure of the boiler.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4219 Safety valve pressure setting.
Rule 219. One or more safety valves on every boiler shall be set at or below the
maximum allowable working pressure. The remaining valves may be set within a
range of 3% above the maximum allowable working pressure, but the range of setting
of all of the safety valves on a boiler shall not exceed 10% of the highest pressure to
which any valve is set.
History: 1979 AC.
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R 408.4220 Safety valves on connected boilers of different pressures.
Rule 220. When 2 or more boilers operating at different pressures and safety
valve settings are interconnected, the lower pressure boilers or interconnected piping
shall be equipped with safety valves of sufficient capacity to prevent overpressure,
considering the maximum amount of steam that can flow into the lower pressure
system.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4222 Safety valve setting on boilers with direct feed.
Rule 222. In those cases where the boiler is supplied with feedwater directly
from water mains without the use of feeding apparatus (not to include return traps),
no safety valve shall be set at a pressure higher than 94% of the lowest pressure
obtained in the supply main feeding the boiler.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4223 Determining safety valve capacity.
Rule 223. (1) The relieving capacity of the safety valves on any boiler shall be checked
by 1 of the following methods and, if found to be insufficient, additional valves shall be
provided:
(a) By making the accumulation test, which consists of shutting off all other steam
discharge outlets from the boiler and forcing the fires to the maximum. The safety valve
capacity shall be sufficient to prevent a rise of pressure in excess of 6% of the maximum
allowable working pressure. This method should not be used on a boiler with a
superheater or reheater.
(b) By measuring the maximum amount of fuel that can be burned and computing the
corresponding evaporative capacity (steam generating capacity) upon the basis of the
heating value of this fuel. These computations shall be made as outlined in the appendix
of the ASME power boiler code.
(c) By measuring the maximum amount of feedwater that can be evaporated.
(2) When either of the methods outlined in subrule (1) (b) or (c) is employed, the sum
of the safety valve capacities shall be equal to or greater than the maximum evaporative
capacity (maximum steam generating capacity) of the boiler.
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4225 Replacement of safety valves.
Rule 225. When it becomes necessary to replace safety or relief valves on low
pressure heating or process boilers for any reason, the replacement shall be made with
other than a top-outlet type valve.
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History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4230 Means of boiler feeding.
Rule 230. Each boiler shall have a feed supply which will permit it to be fed at any
time while under pressure. A power boiler having more than 500 square feet of water
heating surface shall have at least 2 means of feeding, 1 of which shall be an
approved feed pump, injector, or inspirator, except boilers fired by gaseous, liquid,
or solid fuel in suspension may be equipped with a single source of feeding provided
means are provided for immediate shutoff of heat release, and the boiler furnace and
fuel system do not retain sufficient stored heat to cause damage to the boiler if the
feed supply is interrupted. A source of feed directly from water mains at a pressure of
6% greater than the release pressure of the safety valve with the highest release setting
may be considered 1 of the means.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4232 Introduction of feedwater into boilers.
Rule 232. The feedwater shall be introduced into power and heating boilers in
such manner that it will not be discharged close to riveted joints of shell or furnace
sheets or directly against surfaces exposed to products of combustion, or to direct
radiation from the fire.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4235 Feed valves required.
Rule 235. The feed piping to a power boiler shall be provided with a check
valve near the boiler and a valve or cock between the check valve and the boiler.
When 2 or more boilers are fed from a common source, there shall also be a valve on
the branch to each boiler between the check valve and source of supply. Whenever a
globe valve is used on feed piping, the inlet shall be under the disk of the valve. In all
cases where returns are fed back to power or heating boilers by gravity, there shall be
a check valve and stop valve in each return line, the stop valve to be placed
between the boiler and the check valve, and both shall be located as close to the boiler as
is practicable.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4236 Feedwater temperature.
Rule 236. Where deaerating heaters are not employed, it is recommended that the
temperature of the feedwater be not less than 120 degrees Fahrenheit to avoid the
possibility of setting up localized stress. Where deaerating heaters are employed, it is
recommended that the minimum feedwater temperature be not less than 215 degrees
Fahrenheit so that dissolved gases may be thoroughly released.
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History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4240 Water column connections.
Rule 240. No outlet connections (except for damper regulator,
feedwater
regulator, low-water fuel cut-out, drains, steam gauges, pressure controls or such
apparatus that does not permit the escape of an appreciable amount of steam or water
therefrom) shall be placed on the piping that connects the water column to the boiler.
The water column shall be provided with a valved drain of at least 3/4 inches pipe size,
the drain to be piped to a safe location.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4241 Gauge cocks.
Rule 241. Each power boiler shall have 3 or more gauge cocks, located within
the visible length of the water glass, except when the boiler has 2 water glasses located
on the same horizontal lines. Boilers not over 36 inches in diameter, in which the
heating surface does not exceed 100 square feet, need have but 2 gauge cocks. For
all installations where the water gauge glass or glasses are more than 30 feet above
the boiler operating floor, it is recommended that water-level indicating or
recording gauges be installed at eye height above the operating floor.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4242 Pressure gauges.
Rule 242. (1) Each steam boiler shall have a pressure gauge, with dial range not
less than 1 1/2 times the maximum allowable working pressure, connected to the
steam space or to the steam connection to the water column.
(2) The pressure gauge shall be connected to a siphon or equivalent device of
sufficient capacity to keep the gauge tube filled with water and so arranged that the gauge
cannot be shut off from the boiler except by a cock placed near the gauge and
provided with a tee or lever handle arranged to be parallel to the pipe in which it
is located when the cock is open.
(3) When a pressure gauge connection longer than 8 feet becomes necessary,
a shutoff valve may be used near the boiler provided the valve is of the outside-screwand-yoke type and is locked open. The line shall be of ample size with provision for free
blowing.
(4) Each boiler shall be provided with a 1/4-inch nipple and globe valve connected
to the steam space for the exclusive purpose of attaching a test gauge when the boiler is
in service so that the accuracy of the boiler pressure gauge may be ascertained.
(5) The scale on the dial of a steam heating boiler shall be graduated to not less
than 30 psi. The travel of the pointer from 0 to 30 psi shall be at least 3 inches.
History: 1979 AC.
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R 408.4244 Stop valves.
Rule 244. (1) Each steam outlet from a power boiler (except safety valve
connections) shall be fitted with a stop valve located as close as practicable to the
boiler.
(2) When a stop valve is so located that water can accumulate, ample drains
shall be provided. The drainage shall be piped to a safe location and shall not be
discharged on the top of the boiler or its setting.
(3) When power boilers provided with manholes are connected to a common
steam main, the steam connection from each boiler shall be fitted with 2 stop valves
having an ample free-blow drain between them. The discharge of the drain shall be
visible to the operator while manipulating the valves and shall be piped clear of the
boiler setting. The stop valves shall consist preferably of 1 automatic nonreturn
valve (set next to the boiler) and a second valve of the outside-screw-and-yoke type.
(4) A stop valve shall be used in each supply and return pipe connection of 2 or
more heating boilers connected to a common system.
(5) When a stop valve is used in the supply pipe connection of a single heating
boiler, there shall be 1 used in the return pipe connection.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4246 Blowoff connections; existing power boilers.
Rule 246. (1) The construction of the setting around each blowoff pipe shall
permit free expansion and contraction. Careful attention shall be given to the problem
of sealing these setting openings without restricting the movement of the blowoff
piping.
(2) All blowoff piping, when exposed to furnace heat, shall be protected by firebrick
or other heat-resisting material, so constructed that the piping may be inspected
readily.
(3) Each boiler shall have a blowoff pipe, fitted with a valve or cock, in direct
connection with the lowest water space. Cocks shall be of the gland or guard type and
suitable for the pressure allowed. The use of globe valves shall not be permitted.
(4) When the allowable working pressure exceeds 100 psi gauge, each blowoff
pipe shall be provided with 2 valves or a valve and cock, such valves and cocks to be
at least of the extra-heavy type.
(5) When the maximum allowable working pressure exceeds 100 psi gauge,
blowoff piping shall be at least extra-heavy and shall be run full size without use of
reducers or bushings. The piping shall be at least extra-heavy wrought iron or steel
and shall not be galvanized.
(6) All fittings between the boiler and blowoff valve shall be of steel.
In case of renewal of blowoff pipe or fittings, they shall be installed in accordance
with the rules and regulations for new installations.
(7) Each steam heating boiler shall have a blowoff pipe connection fitted with
a valve or cock not less than 3/4 inches pipe size connected with the lowest water
space practicable.
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History: 1979 AC.
HOT WATER HEATING AND SUPPLY BOILERS
R 408.4251 Existing hot water boilers.
Rule 251. "Existing hot water boilers," as used in this part, means hot water
boilers which are in actual use, or which were installed and ready for use at the time
the act became effective. It should not be applied to secondhand boilers, or to boilers
that are subject to change in ownership, or are to be reset, in which case the rules for new
construction should apply.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4253 Hot water boilers included; exempted.
Rule 253. (1) These rules for hot water boilers shall apply to all hot water heating
and hot water supply boilers to be designed for pressures not exceeding 160 psi and
temperatures not exceeding 250 degrees Fahrenheit.
(2) For conditions exceeding those specified above, the rules for power boilers
shall apply.
(3) Except as provided in R 408.4253(4), the following classifications are
considered not to be within the jurisdiction of this part of these rules: hot water
supply boilers which are directly fired with oil, gas, or electricity when none of the
following limitations is exceeded:
(a) A heat input of 200,000 Btu per hour.
(b) A water temperature of 200 degrees Fahrenheit.
(c) A nominal water-containing capacity of 120 gallons.
(4) All hot water supply boilers, including those exempted in R 408.4253(3)
shall be equipped with safety devices of proper type and size as specified in R
408.4278 and be of code construction.
(5) For conditions exceeding those specified in subrule (1), cast-iron construction
is not permitted.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4255 Working pressure and temperature; hot water steel-plate boilers.
Rule 255. (1) Wherever the term "maximum allowable working pressure" is used
herein, it refers to gauge pressure or the pressure above the atmospheric in pounds
per square inch. The maximum allowable working temperature at or near the outlet
of a hot water steel-plate boiler shall not exceed 250 degrees Fahrenheit, nor the
maximum allowable working pressure to 160 psi. The maximum allowable working
pressure on the shell or drum of steel-plate hot water boilers shall be determined in
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accordance with the following formulas. In no case shall a boiler be designed for a
pressure less than 30 psi.
P
= SEt
R + 0.6t
or
t = PR
SE - .06P
Where P = maximum allowable working pressure, pounds per square inches
S = 20% of the minimum ultimate tensile strength stamped on the
shell plate, or as indicated in (2).
t = minimum thickness of shell plates in weakest course, inches
E = efficiency of longitudinal joint or of ligament between tube
holes (whichever is lesser).
R = inside radius of weakesr course of the shell or drum, inches.
(2) When the tensile strength of steel or wrought-iron shell plates is not known, it
shall be taken as 55,000 psi for steel and 45,000 psi for wrought iron.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4257 Working temperature; cast-iron hot water boilers.
Rule 257. The maximum allowable working temperature at or near the outlet
of a hot water cast-iron boiler shall not exceed 250 degrees Fahrenheit.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4258 Washout openings; other than cast-iron boilers.
Rule 258. All boilers other than cast-iron shall be provided with suitable
manhole openings or handhole or washout plug openings to permit inspection and
permit removal of any sediment which may accumulate.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4259 Washout openings; cast-iron boilers.
Rule 259. All cast-iron steam and hot water boilers shall be provided with
suitable washout openings to permit the removal of any sediment that may accumulate
therein.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4260 Furnace access openings.
Rule 260. A firedoor or other access opening, not less than 11 x 15 inches or 10
x 16 inches or 15 inches in diameter, shall be provided for the furnace of an internally
fired boiler other than cast-iron which the least furnace dimension is 28 inches or over.
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History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4263 Threaded connections.
Rule 263. Pipe connections, if threaded, shall be tapped into material having a
minimum thickness as specified in table HG-370, except that when a curved surface is
to be tapped the minimum thickness shall be sufficient to permit at least 4 full threads to
be engaged.
TABLE HG-370
MINIMUM THICKNESS OF MATERIAL FOR THREADED CONNECTIONS TO
BOILERS
Size of Pipe Connection, Minimum Thickness of Material Inches
Required, Inches
Under 3/4
1/4 3/4 to 1, inclusive
5/16 1 1/4 to 2 1/2, inclusive 7/16 3 to 3 1/2,
inclusive
5/8 4 to 5, inclusive
7/8 6 to 8, inclusive
1 9 to 12, inclusive
1 1/4
History: 1954 ACS 49, Eff. Feb. 14, 1967; 1979 AC.
R 408.4265 Minimum distance required between boiler and floor.
Rule 265. Boilers other than cast iron of the wet-bottom type having an external
width of over 36 inches shall have not less than 12 inches between the bottom of
the boiler and the floor line, with access for inspection. When the width is 36 inches
or less, the distance between the bottom of the boiler and the floor line shall be not less
than 6 inches and when any part of the wet bottom is not farther from an outer edge
than 12 inches, it shall be not less than 4 inches.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4267 Minimum size access door in a boiler setting.
Rule 267. The minimum size of access door used in a boiler setting shall be 12 x 16
inches or equivalent area, the least dimension being 11 inches.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4268 Feedwater connections.
Rule 268. Feedwater, make-up water, or water treatment shall be introduced
into a boiler through the return piping system or through an independent feedwater
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connection which does not discharge against parts of the boiler exposed to direct
radiant heat from the fire. Feedwater, make-up water, or water treatment shall not be
introduced through openings or
connections provided for inspection or cleaning, safety valve, safety-relief
valve, surface or main blowoff, water column, water gauge glass, pressure gauge, or
temperature gauge.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4269 Oil heaters.
Rule 269. A heater for oil or other liquid harmful to boiler operation shall not be
installed directly in the water space within a boiler.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4270 Provisions for thermal expansion in hot water systems.
Rule 270. (1) All hot water heating systems incorporating hot water tanks or
fluid relief columns shall be so installed as to prevent freezing under normal operating
conditions.
(2) If the system is equipped with an open expansion tank, an indoor overflow
from the upper portion of the expansion tank shall be provided in addition to an open
vent. The indoor overflow shall be carried within the building to a suitable plumbing
fixture or to the basement.
(3) If the system is of the closed type, an airtight tank or other suitable air
cushion shall be installed that will be consistent with the volume and capacity of the
system, and shall be suitably designed for a hydrostatic test pressure of 2 1/2 times
the allowable working pressure of the system. Expansion tanks for systems designed to
operate at or above 30 psi shall be constructed in accordance with the provisions of
section VIII of the ASME boiler and pressure vessel code, 1983 edition, and its
addenda. Provisions shall be made for draining the tank without emptying the system,
except for pressurized tanks.
History: 1979 AC; 1985 AACS.
R 408.4272 Minimum capacity of closed-type tank.
Rule 272. The minimum capacity of the closed-type expansion tank may be
determined from tables 272A and 272B or from the following formula where the
necessary information is available.
Vt = (0.00041 T-).0466Vs
Pa - Pa
Pf - Po
Where: Vt = minimum volume of tanks, gallons
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Vs = volume of system, not including tanks, gallons
T = average operating temperature, degrees Fahrenheit
Pa = atmospheric pressure, psia
Pf = fill pressure, psia
Po = maximum operating pressure, psia
Table 272A
Expansion Tank Capacity for Gravity Hot Water Systems Based on 2-pipe
system with average operating water temperature 170 degrees Faherenheit, using cast
iron column radiation with heat emission rate 150 Btu per hour square foot equivaelnt
direct radiation.
Square Feet of Installed
Equivalent Direct Radiation 1
Tank Capacity
Gallons
Up to 350
Up to 450
Up to 650
Up to 900
Up to 1,100
Up to 1,400
Up to 1,600
Up to 1,800
Up to 2,000
Up to 2,400
18
21
24
30
35
40
2 - 30
2 - 30
2 - 35
2 - 40
1 For systems with more than 2,400 square feet of installed equivalent direct water
radiation, the required capacity of the cushion tank shall be increased on the basis of 1
gallon tank capacity per 33 square feet of additional equivalent direct radiation.
Table 272B
Expansion Tank Capacities for Forced Hot Water Systems Based on average
operating water temperature 195 degrees Fahrenheit, a fill pressure 12 psig and
maximum operating pressure 30 psig.
System Volume, Gallons 1
100
200
300
400
Tank Capacity, Gallons
15
30
45
60
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500
1,000
2,000
75
150
300
1 Includes volume water in boiler, radiation, and piping, not including expansion
tank.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4274 Internal parts subject to deterioration.
Rule 274. Materials shall not be used for internal parts which are liable to fail
due to deterioration when subjected to saturated steam temperatures at or below the
maximum allowable working pressure.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4277 Connections for relief valves.
Rule 277. The area of the opening shall be at least equal to the aggregate area
based on the nominal diameters of all of the relief valves with which it connects. A
screwed connection may be used for attaching a relief valve.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4278 Relief valves.
Rule 278. (1) Each hot water heater boiler shall have at least 1 officially rated
pressure relief valve set to relieve at or below the maximum allowable working
pressure of the boiler.
(2) Each hot water supply boiler shall have at least 1 officially rated safety relief
valve or at least 1 officially rated pressure-temperature relief valve of the automaticreseating type set to relieve at or below the maximum allowable working pressure of
the boiler.
(3) When more than 1 relief valve is used on either hot water heating or hot water
supply boilers, the additional valve or valves shall be officially rated and may be
set within a range not to exceed 6 psi above the maximum allowable working pressure
of the boiler up to and including 60 psi and 10% for those having a maximum
allowable working pressure exceeding 60 psi.
(4) Relief valves shall be spring loaded without disk guides on the pressure side
of the valve.
(5) Relief valves shall be so arranged that they cannot be reset to relieve at a
higher pressure than the maximum permitted by this rule.
History: 1979 AC.
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R 408.4280 Lifting devices.
Rule 280. Each relief valve shall have a substantial device which will positively
lift the disk from its seat at least 1/16 inch when there is no pressure on the boiler.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4281 Material of seats and disks of relief valves.
Rule 281. Seats and disks of relief valves shall be of material suitable to resist
corrosion. No materials liable to fail due to deterioration or vulcanization when
subject to saturated steam temperature corresponding to capacity test pressure shall be
used for any part.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4283 Relief valve size.
Rule 283. No relief valve shall be smaller than 3/4 inch nor larger than 4 1/2 inches
standard pipe size. The inlet opening shall have an inside diameter approximately
equal to, or greater than, the seat diameter. In no case shall the minimum opening
through any part of the valve be less than 1/4 inch diameter or its equivalent area.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4284 Relieving capacity required.
Rule 284. (1) The required steam-relieving capacity, in pounds per hour, of the
pressure-relieving device or devices on a boiler shall be the greater of that
determined by dividing the maximum output in Btu at the boiler nozzle obtained by
the firing of any fuel for which the unit is designed by 1,000 or by multiplying the
square feet of heating surface by 5.
In many cases a greater relieving capacity of valves will have to be provided
than the minimum specified by these rules. In every case, the requirements of subrule
(3) shall be met.
(2) When operating conditions are changed, or additional boiler heating surface is
installed, the valve capacity shall be increased, if necessary, to meet the new conditions
and be in accordance with subrule (3). The additional valves required, on account
of changed conditions, may be installed on the outlet piping provided there is an
intervening valve.
(3) Relief valve capacity for each boiler shall be such that with the maximum
heat input the pressure cannot rise more than 6 psi above the maximum allowable
pressure for pressures up to and including 60 psi and 10% for maximum allowable
working pressures over 60 psi.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4286 Relief valve connections.
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Rule 286. (1) Relief valves shall be connected to the top of boilers, with the
spindle vertical either directly to a tapped or flanged opening in the boiler, to a fitting
connected to the boiler by a close nipple, to a Y-base, to a valveless water pipe
between adjacent boilers, or to a valveless header connecting water outlets on the
same boiler. When a Y-base is used the inlet area shall be not less than the
combined outlet areas.
(2) When the size of the boiler requires a relief valve larger than 4 1/2 inches
diameter, 2 or more valves having the required capacity shall be used. When 2 or more
valves are used on a boiler, they may be single, directly attached, or mounted on a
Y-base.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4287 Shutoff valves prohibited.
Rule 287. No shutoff of any description shall be placed between the relief valve
and the boiler, nor on discharge pipes between such valves and the atmosphere. Relief
valves shall not be connected to an internal pipe in the boiler.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4288 Area of and support of relief valve discharge pipes.
Rule 288. (1) When a discharge pipe is used, its area shall be not less than the
area of the valve or aggregate area based on the nominal diameters of the valves
with which it connects, and the discharge pipe shall be fitted with an open drain to
prevent water from lodging in the upper part of the valve or in the pipe. When an
elbow is placed on a relief-valve discharge pipe, it shall be located close to the
valve outlet. The pipe shall be supported so that no undue stress is placed on the valve
body.
(2) The discharge from relief valves shall be arranged so that there will be no
danger of scalding attendants.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4290 Marking of safety or relief valves.
Rule 290. Each safety or relief valve shall be plainly
marked
by
the
manufacturer in such a way that the markings will not be obliterated in service. The
markings shall be cast or stamped on the valve body or on the lifting lever, providing
the lifting lever is permanently attached to the valve, or, when desirable because of
size, all or part of the required markings may be stamped, cast or etched on a plate
or plates, each securely fastened to the valve body, lever or other permanent part of
the valve, and such markings shall include the following:
(a) The name or identifying trademark of manufacturer.
(b) Size _____________________________ inches.
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(The pipe size of the inlet)
(c) Pressure _________________________________________ psi.
(The pressure at which it is set to blow)
(d) Capacity ____________________________ lb. per hour, or
Capacity ______________________________ Btu per hour in accordance
with Par. H-51(d) ASME code.
(e) ASME symbol as shown in Fig. H-4 ASME code.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4291 Indirectly heated hot water supply tanks.
Rule 291. When a hot water supply is heated indirectly by steam in a coil or
pipe, the pressure of the steam used shall not exceed the safe working pressure of the
hot water tank, and a relief valve of at least 1 inch in diameter, set to relieve at or
below the maximum allowable working pressure of the tank, shall be applied on the
tank.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4292 Pressure or altitude gauges.
Rule 292. Each hot water boiler shall have a pressure or altitude gauge connected
to it or to its flow connection in such a manner that it cannot be shut off from the boiler
except by a cock with tee or level handle, placed on the pipe near the gauge. The
handle of the cock shall be parallel to the pipe in which it is located when the cock
is open. The scale on the dial of the pressure or altitude gauge shall be graduated to
not less than 1 1/2 times the maximum allowable working pressure. The gauge shall
be provided with effective stops for the indicating pointer at the zero point and at the
maximum pressure
point.
Pressure
or altitude-gauge connections shall be of
nonferrous composition when smaller than 1-inch pipe size and longer than 5 feet
between the gauge and point of connection of pipe to boiler, and also when smaller than
1/2-inch pipe size and shorter than 5 feet between the gauge and point of connection of
pipe to boiler.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4293 Thermometers.
Rule 293. Each hot water boiler shall have a thermometer so located and
connected that it shall be easily readable when observing the water pressure or
altitude. The thermometer shall be so located that it shall at all times indicate the
temperature in degrees Fahrenheit of the water in the boiler at or near the outlet.
History: 1979 AC.
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R 408.4294 Temperature combustion regulators.
Rule 294. (1) In addition to the mandatory requirements for a pressure relief
device required by R 408.4278, an individual automatically fired hot water heating or
hot water supply boiler in addition to the operating control used for normal boiler
operation, shall have a separate high-limit-temperature-actuated combustion control
that will cut off the fuel supply. The temperature range of a high-limit-actuated
combustion control shall not allow a maximum setting over 250 degrees Fahrenheit
and shall control the rate of combustion to prevent the temperature of the water from
rising above 250 degrees Fahrenheit at or near the boiler outlet. Separate controls
may have a common connection to the boiler.
(2) When it is known that the Btu input to a hot water supply boiler does not
exceed 200,000 or the volume does not exceed 120 gallons, the maximum setting of
the high-limit control determines whether the hot water supply boiler is subject to these
rules. The settings at which stops are inserted can be considered to be the determining
factor if the setting is with metallic fixed stops.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4296 Bottom blowoffs or drain valves.
Rule 296. (1) Each boiler shall have a bottom blowoff or drain pipe connection
fitted with a valve or cock connected with the lowest water space practicable, with
the minimum size of blowoff piping and valves as shown in table 296.
Table 296
Size of Bottom Blowoff Piping and Valves
Minimum Required
Safety or Relief Valve Capacity
Lb. of Steam per Hour
Up to 500
501 to 1,250
1,251 to 2,500
2,501 to 6,000
6,001 and larger
Blowoff
Valves
Size, Inches
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
To determine the discharge capacity of relief valves in terms of Btu, the relieving
capacity in pounds of steam per hour is multiplied by 1,000.
(2) Any discharge piping connected to bottom blowoff and/or bottom drain
connection shall be full size to the point of discharge.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4298 Jacketed boilers.
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Rule 298. Any or all of the fittings and appliances required by these rules may be
installed inside of boiler jackets provided the water gauge and pressure gauge on a
thermometer and pressure gauge on a water boiler are visible through an opening or
openings at all times.
History: 1979 AC.
PART 3. INSPECTION AND TESTING FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION;
INSTALLATION AND LATERNATION OF BOILERS AND PIPING
R 408.4301 Scope.
Rule 301. All boilers and piping constructed for use in this state shall be inspected
and tested during construction as required by the applicable ASME code sections that
are adopted by reference in R 408.4025, R 408.4027, and R 408.4032. Any alterations
to an existing boiler or piping shall be accomplished in accordance with these rules for
new construction.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4302 Boiler installation.
Rule 302. (1) A boiler shall be installed by a licensed boiler installer in accordance
with the requirements of the applicable ASME code referenced in
R 408.4031 and as may be required by these rules.
(2) A boiler installer shall file welding procedure specifications
and the
procedure qualification reports qualified in accordance with the requirements of the
ASME code, section IX, welding and brazing qualifications, with the boiler
division of the department, before performing any installations requiring welding.
(3) A boiler installer utilizing welding during installation shall have welding
procedure specifications, welder performance
qualifications, and a quality control
manual or procedures to be used or which were used in the conduct of the installation
available for the inspector's review.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4303 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4304 Rescinded.
History: 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
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PART 5. INSERVICE INSPECTION OF BOILERS
R 408.4501 Inspection.
Rule 501. The inspection of boilers as provided for under part 1 of these rules shall
be made in accordance with the requirements of the NBIC, except as modified by these
rules.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS.
R 408.4502 Rescinded.
History: 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4503 Owner or user to prepare boiler for inspection.
Rule 503. All boilers and blowoff vessels, except for a boiler which is exempted by
these rules, shall be prepared for inspection pursuant to the NBIC and these rules by the
owner or user when notified by the chief inspector, deputy inspector, or special inspector.
The owner or user shall ensure that all examinations and tests required by these rules are
performed.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4505 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4507 Pressure testing.
Rule 507. The inspector may require a pressure test to assess leak tightness of
the pressure retaining item. Pressure testing methods shall be as described in the NBIC.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS.
R 408.4510 Traction boilers.
Rule 510. (1) A traction boiler is a boiler designed for the express purpose
of pulling farm equipment or to convert steam power into flywheel energy driving
farm apparatus, such as thrashers, saws, or grinding equipment. Such boilers shall
be subject to the following provisions:
(a) They shall be tested hydrostatically every 3 years to a hydrostatic
pressure of 1 ½ times working pressure, held for sufficient time
to permit visual observation of all seams, joints, supports, and attachments.
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(b) All seams, attachments, supports, and joints shall be exposed for each such
annual inspection.
(2) Traction boilers used for display or hobby purposes shall not be operated
for any other purpose but that for which they were originally constructed.
(3) Lap seam boilers shall not be operated in excess of 100 psi.
(4) Any repairs by welding or riveting to traction boilers shall be made by licensed
repair shops only after an approved permit has been obtained and subject to the
approval of the inspector before and after repair is made.
History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4511 Nonvaporizing organic fluid boilers.
Rule 511. (1) A nonvaporizing organic fluid boiler is a boiler designed to heat, but not
vaporize, a fluid in a closed system.
(2) The owner shall ensure that a nonvaporizing organic fluid boiler is constructed
pursuant to the ASME boiler and pressure vessel code.
(3) The owner shall ensure that stop valves are located at an accessible point in the
supply and return pipe connections as near the boiler as is practicable.
(4) The owner shall ensure that a nonvaporizing organic fluid boiler has the following
minimum equipment:
(a) A relief valve of sufficient capacity to relieve the excess thermal fluid as a result of
thermal expansion verified by engineering calculations provided by the owner or user to
the inspector.
(b) A thermometer graduated to not less than 133% of the expected operating
temperature.
(c) A pressure gauge graduated to not less than 150% of the expected operating
pressure.
(d) A low level or flow sensing device suitable for operating conditions.
(5) The owner shall ensure that the installation, maintenance, operation, and testing of
controls and safety devices is pursuant to R 408.4027.
(6) Expansion tanks for closed systems designed to operate above 30 psi shall be
constructed pursuant to ASME Section VIII, Division 1, meeting at least the pressure and
temperature ratings of the system.
History: 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4512 Miniature hobby locomotive boilers.
Rule 512. (1) A miniature hobby locomotive boiler is designed to be operated
on a narrow gauge track of less than 24 inches.
(2) At the initial inspection of a miniature hobby locomotive boiler, the owner
shall provide the chief boiler inspector with design specifications and calculations for
review and acceptance. If a boiler is approved for use, then the boiler division of the
department shall issue an identifying state number and a deputy boiler inspector shall
attach it to the boiler.
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(3) The owner shall ensure that a miniature hobby locomotive boiler has the
following minimum equipment:
(a) A pressure gauge graduated to approximately 1 ½ times the operating
pressure, but not more than 4 times the operating pressure.
(b) A means to extinguish the fire in the firebox if of a low water condition.
(c) Two means of feeding water to the boiler, 1 of which shall be operable
while the locomotive is stationary.
(d) A water level gauge glass located so that the top of the bottom nut of the
gauge glass is approximately 10% of the distance between the crown sheet and the
shell, but not less than ½ inch above the crown sheet.
(e) Two safety valves set at not more than 10% above the operating pressure
for boilers fabricated after the effective date of the rules. The capacity of the safety
valves shall be equal to or greater than the calculated steam generating capacity of
the boiler.
(4) The owner shall determine the maximum allowable working pressure of a
miniature hobby locomotive boiler by calculation.
In
place
of acceptable
calculations, the owner shall subject the boiler to a hydrostatic pressure test of 1
½ times the owner specified operating pressure.
(5) Triennially, during the certificate
inspection,
the
owner shall
hydrostatically test the boiler to not more than 1 ½ times the operating pressure.
(6) The boiler division of the department shall develop procedures,
policies, and check lists necessary to accomplish the inspections
and tests required by these rules.
(7) Repairs to miniature hobby locomotive boilers are exempt
from the
licensing and permitting requirements of the act. Repair welding shall
be made in accordance with the requirements of ASME code section IX.
Welding procedures and performance qualification shall be filed with the
boiler division of the department for review.
History: 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4513 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4515 Plant personnel to conduct test of boiler attachments or
apparatus in presence of inspector.
Rule 515. If boiler attachments or apparatus require testing, then plant personnel
shall perform the test in the presence of the inspector, unless otherwise ordered.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4517 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4518 Rescinded.
History: 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4520 Failure to prepare boiler for internal inspection.
Rule 520. If a boiler has not been properly prepared for an internal inspection or the
owner or user fails to comply with the requirements for hydrostatic test as set forth in
these rules, the inspector may decline to make the inspection or test and a certificate
blocking violation will be issued as referenced in R 408.4149.
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4522 Stripping of riveted boiler to determine required data.
Rule 522. If a riveted boiler is jacketed so that the longitudinal seams of shells,
drums, or domes cannot be seen, and if data cannot be determined by other
means, enough of the jacketing, setting wall, or other form of casing or housing shall be
removed so that the size of the rivets, pitch of the rivets, and other data necessary to
determine the safety of the boiler may be obtained.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.4524 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4526 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4529 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4531 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4534 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4536 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4538 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4545 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4547 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4550 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4554 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4559 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4561 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4566 Inspection and testing of pressure relief devices.
Rule 566. Inspection and testing of pressure relief devices shall be conducted pursuant
to the NBIC. The manual lift test addressed in the NBIC part 2, paragraph 2.5.7 (e) may
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be used instead of the pressure test required by NBIC part 2, paragraph 2.5.7 (a) through
(d).
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4569 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4570 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4572 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4575 Replacement of heating or process boiler pressure relief device.
Rule 575. When it becomes necessary to replace pressure relief devices on low pressure
heating or process boilers for any reason, the replacement shall be made with other than
top-outlet type valves.
History: 1979 AC; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4578 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000.
R 408.4580 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4581 Rerolling tubes.
Rule 581. Rerolling a tube is considered maintenance, except rerolling a tube
required as a result of an accident is considered a repair. This repair work shall
require a repair permit and shall be performed by a licensed repairer.
History: 1979 AC.
R 408.4583 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4586 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4590 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
PART 6. REPAIR OF BOILERS
SCOPE OF RULES FOR REPAIR BY RIVETING
R 408.4601 Repair to riveted boilers.
Rule 601. Repairs to riveted boilers by riveting require the prior approval of the
boiler division of the department. The repairs shall be conducted in accordance with the
NBIC.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4602 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4603 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4604 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4605 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4606 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4607 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4608 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4609 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4610 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4611 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4612 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4613 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4614 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4615 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4616 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4617 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4618 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4619 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4620 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4621 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4622 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4623 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4624 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4625 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1981; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4626 Repairs by welding.
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Rule 626. Repairs to boilers and piping shall be conducted in accordance with the
NBIC.
History: 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4627 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4628 Rescinded.
History: 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4631 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4633 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4637 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1981 AACS; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4643 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4647 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4649 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4650 Rescinded.
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History: 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4651 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4659 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4660 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4661 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4667 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4668 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4670 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4671 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4672 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
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R 408.4675 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4676 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4680 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4682 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4683 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4684 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4686 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4687 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4688 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4689 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
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R 408.4690 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4691 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4693 Rescinded
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4694 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4695 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4697 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
PART 7. BOILER BLOWOFF SYSTEMS
R 408.4701 Design and construction of blowdown vessel reports.
Rule 701. (1) The owner shall ensure that blowdown vessels for use in the state of
Michigan are designed and constructed as prescribed by these rules and the ASME boiler
and pressure vessel code, section VIII, division 1, entitled “Unfired Pressure Vessels,”
2010 edition, and its 2011a addenda which are adopted by reference in these rules and are
available for inspection at the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs,
Bureau of Construction Codes, 2501 Woodlake Circle, Okemos, Michigan 48864 or from
the ASME International, 22 Law Drive, Fairfield, New Jersey 07007, at a cost as of the
time of adoption of these amendatory rules of $700.00. National board of boiler and
pressure vessel inspector document NB-27, 2004 edition, may be used as a guide for the
design of blowdown tanks.
(2) The owner shall ensure that a blowdown vessel has a minimum allowable working
pressure of 50 psig and that the installation complies with these rules and the vessel
manufacturer’s instructions.
(a) The blowdown vessel, its fittings, and connections shall be sized so that the internal
pressure does not rise more than 5 psig above ambient pressure during the blowdown.
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(b) The blowdown vessel shall be provided with adequate openings to facilitate internal
cleaning and inspection. An internal inspection of the blowdown vessel shall be
conducted during the certificate inspection of the boiler.
(c) The blowdown vessel shall be provided with the following fittings and connection
openings in addition to those provided by the manufacturer for the proper installation and
operation of the vessel:
(i) A vent connection.
(ii) A drain connection. A drain connection is not required on a separator.
(iii) A thermometer that has a maximum scale reading of 300 degrees Fahrenheit and
that is located in the water outlet from the blowdown vessel.
(iv) A pressure gauge that is graduated from 0 to 30 psig and that is attached to the top
of the steam space of the blowdown vessel.
(d) The blowdown vessel shall be installed in a location that prevents it and its
connected piping from freezing and shall be installed in a manner that permits both
internal and external inspection.
(3) A manufacturer shall provide the boiler division of the department, with the
manufacturer’s data reports. A data report that is signed by an authorized inspector,
together with the ASME code symbol stamp on the vessel, is the record denoting that the
blowdown vessel has been constructed pursuant to the ASME code.
(4) The manufacturer shall register all blowdown vessels for use in the state of
Michigan with the national board of boiler and pressure vessel inspector.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS; 2006 AACS; 2009 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.4704 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4707 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4711 Safe discharge from blowdown system.
Rule 711. A safe point of discharge from a blowdown system shall protect
personnel and property from the injurious effects of the discharge and shall not exceed
140 degrees Fahrenheit at the outlet of the blowdown vessel. All safe points of
discharge shall be in compliance with all federal, state, and local regulations
governing discharges.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4727 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
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R 408.4731 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4735 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4739 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4743 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4747 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4750 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2002 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4801 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4851 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4853 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4856 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS.
R 408.4857 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS; 1998-2000 AACS.
R 408.4893 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 2006 AACS.
PART 15. HEARINGS
R 408.5501 Conduct of hearings.
Rule 1501. Hearings shall be conducted as prescribed by Act No. 306 of the Public
Acts of 1969, as amended, being §24.201 et seq. of the Michigan Compiled Laws.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.5502 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.5503 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.5504 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.5505 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.5506 Rescinded.
History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
R 408.5507 Rescinded.
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History: 1979 AC; 1995 AACS.
Part 16. MICHIGAN BOILER OPERATORS AND STATIONARY
ENGINEERS QUALIFICATION AND VOLUNTARY REGISTRATION
PROGRAM RULES
R 408.5601 Scope.
Rule 1601. These rules establish minimum standards for the voluntary
registration of boiler operators and stationary engineers and are intended to apply to
individuals working in or who have worked in the professions of boiler operator or
stationary engineer, who elect to register.
History: 2010 AACS.
R 408.5602 Definitions.
Rule 1602. (1) Terms used in these rules are defined as follows:
(a) "Act" means the boiler act of 1965, 1965 PA 290, MCL 408.751 to MCL
408.776.
(b) "Review panel" means a group of not less than 3 individuals
knowledgeable in the profession of boiler operator or stationary engineer that have
been approved by the board to act on its behalf to conduct reviews of applications for
registration or conduct oral reviews of applicants for registration as stationary
engineers.
(2) Terms defined in the act mean the same when used in these rules.
History: 2010 AACS.
R 408.5603 Apprenticeship program; board approval.
Rule 1603. An organization providing an apprenticeship program to its
employees working in the profession of boiler operator and stationary engineer that
has been certified by the U.S. department of labor, office of apprenticeships, may
request approval of the program from the board. The organization shall submit
documentation that details the scope of the program and certification from the U.S.
department of labor, office of apprenticeships.
History: 2010 AACS.
R 408.5604 Reciprocity.
Rule 1604. (1) A request for reciprocity shall be accompanied by information
sufficient for the board of boiler rules to compare the criteria for qualification of the
issuing jurisdiction to the criteria for registration under Michigan's boiler law and
rules.
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(2) The board of boiler rules may accept information maintained by a
nationally-recognized organization that details an individual's qualification for
registration or licensing accepted by an issuing jurisdiction for the purpose of
determining that the applicant meets the state of Michigan requirements for
registration.
History: 2010 AACS.
R408.5605 Examination; information availability.
Rule 1605. Under MCL 408.762, the board adopts the examination prepared by the
National Institute for Uniform Licensing of Power Engineers (NIULPE), Inc., 910 W.
Van Buren, #220 Chicago, IL 60607 PH: 888.648.5566, Fax: 888.648.5577. The
examination topics can be reviewed under the certification requirements for each level of
boiler operator or stationary engineer at http://www.niulpe.org/. Copies of the
examination topics are also available free of charge from the Michigan Department of
Licensing and Regulatory Affairs Bureau of Construction Codes/Boiler Division 2501
Woodlake Circle, Okemos, Michigan 48864.
History: 2010 AACS; 2013 AACS.
R 408.5606 Boiler operator and stationary engineer; application for examination;
examination fees.
Rule 1606. (1) The examination for high- and low- pressure boiler operator shall
be written. The examination for
stationary engineer shall be both written and oral. The written examination for all
classifications of boiler operator and stationary engineer shall be delivered and
administered by NIUPLE. The applicant shall complete an application provided by the
department for review and determination of experience required by MCL 408.763d to
qualify for examination. If approved, the applicant’s information will be transmitted to
NIULPE for scheduling an examination date and location. The oral examination for all
classifications of stationary engineer shall be administered by the review panel.
The oral examination shall be for the purpose of determining an applicant’s ability to
respond to equipment situations in a real-time atmosphere.
(2) A nonrefundable application fee of $50.00 shall accompany the application for the
written examination. The applicant will also be charged a fee by NIULPE for delivery
and administration of the written examination. Stationary engineers shall successfully
complete the written examination before submitting a new application and fee as
prescribed by R 408.4038 for the oral examination. The fee entitles the applicant to
take the oral examination once. An additional fee prescribed by R
408.4038 shall accompany each subsequent application.
History: 2010 AACS.
R 408.5607 Registration application.
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Rule 1607. (1) A fee prescribed by R 408.4038 shall accompany each application
for registration.
(2) The application for registration shall indicate the classification requested.
(3) The application shall be presented to the board for recommendation of issuance of
the registration by the director.
History: 2010 AACS.
R 408.5608 Annual renewal of registration.
Rule 1608. (1) A registration issued to a boiler operator or stationary engineer
shall expire at the end of 12 months from the date of issuance.
(2) Registrations shall be renewed annually.
(3) The renewal application shall be accompanied by a fee as prescribed by R
408.4038.
(4) If a registration has been expired for more than 3 years and an individual
desires to reactivate the registration, then the individual shall take a new written and oral
examination as applicable in R 408.5606, and if successful, submit a new application for
registration.
History: 2010 AACS.
R 408.5609 Qualified technical education program content; board of boiler
rules approval; application and approval process; standards; fees.
Rule 1609. (1) An organization requesting approval of a qualified technical
education program (QTEP) or an employer requesting approval of a qualified training
program (QTP) pursuant to MCL 408.752(q) shall submit an application provided by
the department for submittal to the board. All applications must be complete. If an
application is incomplete, a full evaluation is not possible, and the incomplete
application will be disapproved. The applicant will be notified in writing of the
deficiencies within 30 days of the date that the application is received by the boiler
division.
(2) A fee of $100.00 shall accompany the application for the review.
(3) The QTEP and QTP are not required to address subject matter on
refrigeration.
(4) An application and supporting documentation submitted for QTEP or QTP for
low or high pressure boiler operators shall contain at a minimum, the subject matter
listed in MCL 408.763c(2).
(5) An application and supporting documentation submitted for QTEP or QTP
intended for training 3rd, 2nd, and 1st class stationary engineers shall contain the
following subject matter in addition to the subjects listed in MCL 408.763c(2):
(a) Third-class stationary engineer: Thermodynamics; applied science; applied
mechanics; public acts and boiler codes; prime movers; water treatment; control
instrumentation; industrial legislation.
(b) Second-class stationary engineer: In addition to continuing training in the
subjects listed in MCL 408.763c and subdivision (a) of this subrule, the following
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subjects shall be included: metallurgy and material testing; power plant systems;
mechanical drawing; environmental protection.
(c) First-class stationary engineer: In addition to continuing training in the
subjects listed in MCL 408.763c(2)and subdivisions (a) and (b) of this subrule, the
following subjects shall be included: principles of fluid mechanics; thermodynamics
and plant cycles; applied engineering technologies; safety, loss, and environmental
management; business and workforce management.
(6) An application and supporting documentation for QTEP or QTP shall contain
all of the following general information:
(a) The name and address of the applicant and all training site addresses.
(b) Name and contact information of the individual responsible for the program.
(c) Policies or procedures for the selection of instructional staff.
(d) A statement of purpose and objectives of the program.
(e) Administrative and technical criteria for the development and delivery of the
program.
(f) A description of the facilities, equipment, and instructional materials
consistent with the purpose, design, and intended outcome of each learning experience
in the program.
(g) A syllabus or course description, including contact hours and topics for each
course.
(h) A statement of the criteria used to determine successful completion by
participants in each of the training programs offered by the applicant.
(i) A list of instructional materials and other resources essential for the successful
presentation of the program.
(7) Approval of a program by the board shall be evidenced by a program
approval report prepared by the boiler division and issued to the applicant. The report
shall include all of the following:
(a) Name and address of the applicant.
(b) Program identification number.
(c) The date of approval.
(d) The conditions of approval.
(8) A program or amendment which has been approved by the board shall not be
altered. If an organization wishes to amend any part of a board-approved program, the
organization shall submit a draft document clearly identifying the changes for board
review. The organization shall not implement changes to the program without approval
by the board. All changes shall be made a part of the written record of approval. The
authorization shall be in writing or be confirmed in writing within 10 days of oral
authorization.
(9) The board or its designee shall have access to any location during the
presentation of an approved program for the purpose of evaluation to determine
compliance with an approved program.
History: 2010 AACS.
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