Superior strength, flexibility, safety and value. Residential

Superior strength, flexibility, safety and value. Residential
Installation
Manual
Insulated Suspended Structural Slab
Residential
Commercial
Floor
Deck
Roof
Green Roof
Superior strength, flexibility, safety and value.
www.beaverplastics.com
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
PRODUCT MANUAL
INSTALLATION GUIDE
Beaver Plastics Ltd Head Office:
7-26318-TWP RD 531A
Acheson, Alberta
Canada T7X 5A3
Branch Plant Locations:
Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada
www.beaverplastics.com
Contact us today for more information.
Toll Free: 1-888-453-5961
E-mail: [email protected]
DISCLAIMER
By using the FORTRUSS Product Manual, in part or in whole, the user accepts
the following terms and conditions.
The FORTRUSS Product Manual shall be used for the sole purpose of
estimating, design or construction of the FORTRUSS Floor System used in
residential, commercial or industrial structures.
The information represented herein is to be used as a reference guide only.
The user shall check to ensure the information provided in this manual,
including updates and amendments, meets local building codes and
construction practices by consulting local building officials, construction and
design professionals, including any additional requirements.
Beaver Plastics Ltd. reserves the right to make changes to the information
provided herein without notice and assumes no liability in connection with
the use of this manual including modification, copying or distribution.
The user shall check to ensure that any construction projects utilizing the
FORTRUSS Product Manual includes the latest updates/amendments (related
to the version of the FORTRUSS Product Manual being used at the time of
the construction project). Contact your local Fortruss representative for
updates/amendments to the FORTRUSS Product Manual.
PRODUCT MANUAL
1.0 – PRODUCT OVERVIEW
W
E
1.2 – FORTRUSS FLOOR COMPONENTS ....................... P. 1-7
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1.3 – APPLICATIONS ...................................................... P. 1-9
1.4 – STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS ........................... P. 1-11
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1.1 – INTRODUCING THE FORTRUSS FLOOR SYSTEM . P. 1-5
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
1.1 – INTRODUCING THE
FORTRUSS SYSTEM
Fortruss is a stay-in-place concrete forming system
used to create suspended concrete floor and roof
Fortruss Floor
Panel
excellent insulation value.
Fortruss Beam Form w/
sheet metal cladding
and Beam Forms. The Floor Panels are manufactured
R
Fortruss components
Two components make up the Fortruss; Floor Panels
with EPS (expanded polystyrene). The Beam Forms
E
V
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slabs for all types of structures, while providing
are also manufactured with EPS, but wrapped with a
V
sheet metal cladding. This metal cladding provides
O
rigidity to the form system during installation and
concrete placement, as well as providing plenty
underside
Fortruss components assembled
finishes.
U
C
T
of attachment surfaces for utility installation and
D
The Floor Panels bridge the gap between the Beam
Forms, which are typically spaced at 24 inches on
P
When assembled the Floor Panels and Beam Forms
S
concrete slab. The components remain in place
S
R
O
center, and span in one direction.
to provide superior insulation with a 100 percent
provide the form work for a suspended insulated
R
The components are available in several size
T
U
thermal break.
variations allowing engineers and designers the
R
freedom to choose the configuration that best
O
suits their application of various spans and loading
F
conditions.
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Fortruss. Performance
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
1.1 – INTRODUCING THE
FORTRUSS SYSTEM CONTINUED
The structural capabilities when using Fortruss are not
provided by the form system. But rather, the concrete and
reinforcement placed on the form work becomes a
F
structural one way slab with integral beams.
O
R
Some other applications and key features of Fortruss
T
include:
R
Compatible with insulated concrete forms, cast-inmasonry and wood-framed walls.
Provides a safe working deck for utility and rebar
insulation, which is ideal for slabs with radiant
heat.
O
Designed to be light weight, quick and easy to
install without the need for heavy equipment or
tools, saving costs in labor and construction time.
U
Creates a reinforced concrete joist and deck that’s
C
familiar to construction trades, which reduces the
T
•
D
•
The Floor Panels and Beam Forms provide excellent
R
•
P
placement prior to concrete placement.
S
•
S
place concrete, precast concrete, structural steel,
U
•
learning curve for new installers.
Contributes to a healthy environment and energy
EPS and concrete are nontoxic, does not off gas,
E
and provides no nutrient source for mold or pests.
V
efficient building by providing excellent insulation;
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•
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For more information contact
[email protected]
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Fortruss. Performance
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R2010
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
1.2 – FORTRUSS COMPONENTS
There are two principle components to the Fortruss;
W
in various sizes allowing a wide range of slab
E
the Beam and Panel. Both components are available
thicknesses and beam depths. (See Section 3, CAD
I
Drawings for Fortruss floor sizes). When assembled
V
the Beam Forms create a floor system with beams
R
5¾ Beam Form
spaced at 24 inches on center.
E
BEAM COMPONENT
V
The Beam Form is available in two depths, 5¾ inches
O
in the form bottom.
T
Five inches of EPS in the Beam Form bottom are also
C
available for the 11¾ inch Beam Forms. Besides
U
and 11¾ inches, each with 3 inches of EPS thickness
adding insulation value, the additional foam
D
11¾ Beam Form
thickness below the beam allows for pipe or duct
O
drops.
U
S
S
P
underside of the beams without the need for ceiling
R
work installations larger than 3 inches to cross the
F
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T
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11¾ Beam Form
with 5 inch bottm
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Fortruss. Performance
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R2010
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
1.2 – FORTRUSS COMPONENTS CONTINUED
PANEL COMPONENT
The Panel is the second component and is available in
four depths and two configurations; the Standard Panel
F
and the Blockout Panel.
O
with the bottom of the Beam Form, and can be used for
T
the entire floor, or just at the ends of each beam to close
R
the space between the beam ends and the interior face of
U
Standard Panel
(Panel A shown)
R
The Blockout Panels have additional EPS, which is flush
spilling out between Beam Forms at slab edges.
S
the walls. The Blockout Panel also prevents concrete from
S
P
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Standard Blockout Panel
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11.75
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Deep Blockout Panel
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Fortruss. Performance
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R2010
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
1.3 – APPLICATIONS
CONCRETE PLACEMENT
W
choice to place concrete in the beam and slab at
E
Another key feature of the Fortruss is having the
the same time (monolithic pour) or in two separate
V
I
operations (two-pour system).
R
In many cases it’s advantageous to conduct a two-
E
Concrete placement 2 pour system
pour system. The first pour consists of filling the
Beam Forms up to the top of the Floor Panel. With
V
the structural reinforcement contained primarily in
O
the beam voids it is possible to pour the structural
portion of the floor without the slab portion. This
T
allows projects to maintain tight schedules by
C
grouping all work for each trade to a single site visit.
U
Concrete placement monolithic pour
Fortruss installed with ICF or cast-in-place concrete
D
wall systems can benefit from placing concrete in
R
When only the beams need to be placed for
P
structural integrity, projects are not delayed while
S
concrete placement can be carried out. The EPS deck
S
O
both the wall and floor forms at the same time.
can be used as a work platform to proceed with
waiting to schedule trades for rough-in work before
U
R
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prior to progressing to the next level.
Even with concrete block, precast, steel and wood
O
to be built without subtrades required to rough-in
frame wall systems it can be advantageous to delay
F
placed in the Beam Forms. This allows multiple floors
T
building construction once the concrete has been
concrete placement between the beam and slab.
Most suspended concrete slabs have additional floor
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Fortruss. Performance
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R2010
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
1.3 – APPLICATIONS CONTINUED
coverings such as carpet, tile, hardwood, etc. However,
Fortruss is especially suited for decorative concrete
finishes. Slabs requiring special finishes can now be placed
F
inside, sheltered from the environment, after subtrade
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rough-in reducing both placement difficulties and
R
subtrade damage.
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R2010
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
1.4 – STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS
Engineering is to be reviewed by the project
engineer or a third party engineer, including shoring
E
W
requirements.
I
Fortruss is a forming system not a structural system.
V
placement as well as design tables for span
R
limitations at various design loads. Detail drawings
E
Fortruss provides standard details for reinforcement
for connection of the Fortruss to various wall or
V
support systems are also provided to aid in the
O
installation.
T
decide which details are applicable for each project
C
or provide specific details for each installation.
U
It is the responsibility of the project engineer to
Various drawings are provided in this guide to aid
D
in the design and installation process. Every project
O
concrete slab and support wall based system on
R
the loads and forces which will be imposed upon it
P
in its end use. Although Fortruss provides generic
S
responsibility of the builder to make sure each
S
must have a licensed engineer design the structural
application has been reviewed and approved by
span tables and connection details it is still the
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a structural engineer licensed to practice in the
F
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jurisdiction of the project.
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Fortruss. Performance
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R2010
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.0 – INSTALLATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2.0 – INSTALLATION GUIDE ........................................... P. 2-3
2.1 – USEFUL TOOLS & MATERIALS......................... P. 2-4
2.2 – PRODUCT HANDLING & PLACEMENT ............ P. 2-5
2.3 – INSTALLATION ........................................ P. 2-7
2.3.1 – SHORING ................................................. P. 2-8
G U I D E
2.3.2 – BEAM FORMS & FLOOR PANELS.......... P. 2-10
2.3.2.1 – SPLICE CONNECTIONS ................. P. 2-11
2.3.3 – ICF WALLS ............................................. P. 2-12
2.3.3.1 – ICF INTERIOR BEARING WALLS ... P. 2-16
I N S T A L L A T I O N
2.3.4 – CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE WALLS P. 2-19
2.3.5 – CONCRETE BLOCK WALLS ................... P. 2-24
2.3.6 – WOOD AND STEEL STUD WALLS ......... P. 2-28
2.3.7 – STEEL BEAMS ........................................ P. 2-29
2.3.8 – CONCRETE BEAMS ............................... P. 2-30
2.3.9 – WOOD BEARING BEAMS ..................... P. 2-32
2.3.10 – UTILITIES ............................................. P. 2-33
2.3.10.1 – SERvICE PENETRATIONS.................. P. 2-34
2.3.10.2 – SERvICE ATTACHMENTS.................. P. 2-35
F O R T R U S S
2.3.11 – WATERPROOFING............................... P. 2-36
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
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October 2010
DISCLAIMER
By using the FORTRUSS Product Manual, in part or in whole, the user accepts
the following terms and conditions.
The FORTRUSS Product Manual shall be used for the sole purpose of
estimating, design or construction of the FORTRUSS Floor System used in
residential, commercial or industrial structures.
The information represented herein is to be used as a reference guide only.
The user shall check to ensure the information provided in this manual,
including updates and amendments, meets local building codes and
construction practices by consulting local building officials, construction and
design professionals, including any additional requirements.
Beaver Plastics Ltd. reserves the right to make changes to the information
provided herein without notice and assumes no liability in connection with
the use of this manual including modification, copying or distribution.
The user shall check to ensure that any construction projects utilizing the
FORTRUSS Product Manual includes the latest updates/amendments (related
to the version of the FORTRUSS Product Manual being used at the time of
the construction project). Contact your local Fortruss representative for
updates/amendments to the FORTRUSS Product Manual.
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.0 – INSTALLATION GUIDE
The simple design and efficiency of Fortruss offers a
number of ways the that the system can be installed
for any type of building. This section outlines
recommended basic installation instructions.
Always consult a local licensed engineer to review
and approve the design and construction of the
F O R T R U S S
I N S T A L L A T I O N
G U I D E
Fortruss system.
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Fortruss. Performance
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.1 – USEFUL TOOLS & MATERIALS
• Drill
• Electric and hand saw
• Screws
• Hot knife
F O R T R U S S
• Step ladder
• Rebar bender/cutter
• Internal vibrator
• Contractor-grade foam gun
I N S T A L L A T I O N
• Sheet metal pliers
• Low expansion foam adhesive
• Approved scaffold planks
• Transit or laser
• 48” (1220mm) level
G U I D E
• Bolt cutters
• String line
• Chalk line
• Temporary shoring (safety compliant)
• Rebar chairs and tie wire
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.2 – PRODUCT HANDLING & PLACEMENT
Fortruss is extremely light weight making it easy to
handle and place. The thick Panels and metal clad
Beam Forms minimizes damage from handling.
Fortruss components are shipped to the building
site directly from the factory, or through your local
G U I D E
distributor.
Fortruss components arrive on site with:
•
Drawing layouts showing component
I N S T A L L A T I O N
placement
•
Engineering details for rebar placement
•
Shoring requirements and concrete mix design
(shoring requirements should be reviewed
and approved by a locally licensed engineer)
In addition, the Beam Forms arrive on site stacked,
bundled and wrapped for easy handling.
F O R T R U S S
Unloading Fortruss components can be accomplished
by manual lifting or using alternate lifting
equipment. The Floor Panels and Beam Forms can
be unloaded with 2 people. A 3 person crew is
recommended for unloading longer beam lengths of
15 to 20 feet.
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.2 – PRODUCT HANDLING & PLACEMENT
CONTINUED
When handling Fortruss, it is a good idea to also keep the
following in mind:
•
Lay the Panels and Beam Forms flat when
transporting the floor system components
•
Tie the Fortruss components down during transport
to ensure the components are well secured, and
•
Randomly check the dimensions of a few Panels
and beam parts when the components arrive on
site. This helps to ensure it meets the required
dimensions. However, in the unlikely event
that floor components are out of spec, please
contact your local Beaver Plastics representative
Beam Forms are available in common length increments.
Refer to the layout provided as multiple short Beam
Forms are often cut from longer lengths. Beam Forms can
be trimmed to length on site. The use of a thin cut metal
abrasive wheel in a hand held angle grinder, or a gas
powered abrasive wheel cut off saw are also commonly
used. A small framers square and permanent marker is
G U I D E
handy for marking beams to be cut.
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Fortruss. Performance
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I N S T A L L A T I O N
immediately.
F O R T R U S S
avoid damage from strap materials.
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3 – INSTALLATION
Installation of Fortruss follows six basic steps:
STEP 1: Prepare the wall and/or beams that will
be supporting the Fortruss floor.
STEP 2: Erect shoring to support the Beam Form.
STEP 3: Install the Fortruss Beam Forms.
STEP 4: Install the Fortruss Panels.
G U I D E
STEP 5: Place reinforcement
STEP 6: Pour the concrete
The steps outlined above will vary slightly depeding
I N S T A L L A T I O N
on the structural support system used for Fortruss
(i.e., ICF, CMU, convention concrete wall, etc), which
F O R T R U S S
is addressed in the following sections of this guide.
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Fortruss. Performance
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R2010
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.1 – SHORING
The amount of shoring required will depend on the floor
span, floor depth, and loading conditions. In general, the
following guidelines should be followed.
•
Use shoring supports that extend the full width
of the Beam Forms. 2 x 6 planks, or wider, are
recommended to bear the floor system during the
•
When the concrete pour includes both the beam
forms and slab, erect shoring at rows not more
than 6 feet on center.
•
When the concrete pour consists of only the beam
forms, erect shoring at rows not more than 12 feet
on center.
Shoring should also be placed where ever Beam
Form intersections are located.
•
Shoring should remain in place, in most cases, for
at least 1 week after concrete curing begins.
•
Crews can work on an assembled Fortruss deck
before placing concrete, and without shoring,
provided the spans are less than 10 feet. Longer
spans require temporary shoring in place before
crews are allowed to work on the deck.
reviewed and approved by a locally licensed engineer.
When only the beams are poured shoring will normally
not be required again when the slabs are placed provided
the beams have cured fully. This allows plumbers,
electricians, mechanical contractors and other subtrades
the freedom to do all the rough-in work throughout the
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Fortruss. Performance
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October 2010
G U I D E
The shoring pattern used to support Fortruss should be
I N S T A L L A T I O N
•
F O R T R U S S
concrete pour.
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.1 – SHORING CONTINUED
entire building without conflicting with the pour
schedule.
Once subtrades complete rough-ins, the slabs can
be placed and finished inside where protected from
potential weather complications.
G U I D E
Commercially manufactured shoring is available
for purchase or rent from most rental outlets,
or temporary framed beams and walls can be
F O R T R U S S
I N S T A L L A T I O N
constructed and dismantled for each project.
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Fortruss. Performance
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R2010
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.2 – BEAM FORMS & PANELS
Installation of Beam Forms and Panels along the edge of
the floor will vary depending on the wall type supporting
Fortruss, which is discussed in further sections of this
manual.
The following guidelines are common to all construction
types using Fortruss.
Panels sections less than 2 feet should be glued to
adjacent Beam Forms and Floor Panels.
•
Rain water buildup in Beam Forms can be drained
by drilling 1/4 inch holes at 2 feet on center along
the under side of Beam Forms.
•
Attachments to the underside of the Beam Forms
before concrete is placed and set should be avoided
attach to the sides of the Beam Forms if possible, or
support the Beam Forms to prevent sagging.
I N S T A L L A T I O N
to prevent sagging of the beam jackets. Instead,
F O R T R U S S
•
G U I D E
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.2.1 – SPLICE CONNECTIONS
Beams forms typically arrive on the job site in 15 to
20 feet lengths. In order for Beam Forms to span
longer lengths splice connections are required.
STEP 1: Create the splice using the 18 inch long splice
connector.
G U I D E
STEP 2: Secure the splice connector by fastening
screws to the sides of adjoining Beam Form
ends. To avoid interference with shoring
support and ceiling finishes, avoid fastening
F O R T R U S S
I N S T A L L A T I O N
screws at the underside of the Beam Forms.
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Fortruss. Performance
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R2010
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.3 – ICF WALLS
ICF WALLS
Regardless of the ICF system being used, the installation
procedure will be the same.
STEP 1: WALL PREPARATION
Preparing the ICF wall will depend on whether the wall
terminates or continues above Fortruss
Cut out sections of the ICF wall where the Beam
Forms will sit.
The shape of the removed ICF sections should
match the Beam Form to ensure that the Beam
Forms fit snugly into the ICF wall. This will help
of the ICF, and minimize concrete bleeding
between the ICF and Beam Forms during the pour.
Since the beams are spaced at 24 inches on center,
it is possible to pre-cut the ICF forms before placing
on the wall.
Depending on the building section additional
ICF Walls Continuous above the Slab Level
•
Build the ICF wall to a height just above the top
of slab. This will help maintain a continuous top
edge of both the inside and outside panels of the
ICF wall system, which will facilitate building up
the ICF after the slab has been poured.
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Fortruss. Performance
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October 2010
G U I D E
preparation may be required, as noted below.
I N S T A L L A T I O N
keep the Beam Forms in place, minimize distortion
F O R T R U S S
•
PRODUCT MANUAL
Top of ICF wall
(continues above slab)
2.3.3 – ICF WALLS CONTINUED
Transition to Differenct Wall Type
In applications where the walls continue above the
floor system into a differnt wall type (i.e, framed
Top of slab
wall on top of slab)
•
Trim the ICF interior wall panels down to the
level of the Floor Panels to allow the concrete
G U I D E
slab to be integral with the ICF wall.
•
Use a Taper Top form for the top course to
provide additional bearing support for top
I N S T A L L A T I O N
plate installation.
Roof Deck
In applications where the Fortruss will form a roof
deck
•
Trim both the interior and exterior ICF panels
down to the level of the Floor Panels.
This allows the slab to cover the top of the wall
system, and is usually formed with an overhang and
F O R T R U S S
drip ledge beyond the finished exterior face of the
wall.
STEP 2: BEAM INSTALLATION
•
Begin by cutting the beam to length. The
total length of the Beam Form is calculated
by measuring the clear span from inside face
to inside face of concrete wall, and adding
an additional 2 inches (the ends of the Beam
Forms should sit on the full thickness of the
ICF form panels and extend an additional one
inch into the concrete wall face).
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.3 – ICF WALLS CONTINUED
•
After the Beam Forms are cut to length, remove
the EPS foam in the Beam Form ends that will
connect to the ICF wall. Remove at least 1 inch of
the EPS from the end of the metal jacket. (The face
of the EPS in the Beam Form should be flush with
the inside face of the ICF form panels).
•
Snip the bottom two corners of the beam jacket
jacket down to form a lip that will hook on the
Bottom of metal
jacket cut and bent.
inside of the ICF EPS form.
This should result with the EPS foam in the Beam Form
being flush with the inside of the ICF form panel, and
each side of the metal beam jacket projecting 1 inch into
The bottom of the metal jacket should hook over the ICF
form panel preventing concrete from leaking out under
the form as well as keeping the Beam Form stable on the
ICF wall.
STEP 3: SHORING INSTALLATION
See Section 2.3.1 for shoring installation.
•
Place the Panels between the Beam Forms.
This will create the deck on which the concrete will be
placed forming the slab.
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
G U I D E
STEP 4: PANEL INSTALLATION
I N S T A L L A T I O N
the concrete wall cavity.
F O R T R U S S
back 1 inch and bend the cut piece of the metal
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.3 – ICF WALLS CONTINUED
STEP 5: REBAR PLACEMENT
•
Place the reinforcement for beam and slabs,
as required by design.
•
Place 90 degree bent bars in the wall system
to tie into Fortruss either by wet-setting, or
drill and epoxy if dry-setting.
G U I D E
Reinforcment for Fortruss should be reviewed and
approved by a locally licensed engineer.
STEP 6: CONCRETE PLACEMENT
I N S T A L L A T I O N
Placing concrete can be done Monolithic with the
floor beams and slabs, or done as two separate
pours.
Depending on the pour sequence, the amount of
shoring and rebar must be checked by a locally
licensed engineer to ensure adequate shoring and
dowels are used.
F O R T R U S S
Slabs in areas where potential water seepage to
the space below is a concern will need to be water
proofed. Several methods of creating a water barrier
are discussed in Section 2.3.11.
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
2–15
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.3.1 – ICF INTERIOR BEARING WALLS
STEP 1: WALL PREPARATION
Install Fortruss as described in the previous section.
Interior ICF bearing walls can be built to support Fortruss
from boths sides of the wall.
If the bearing wall does not continue above Fortruss
bottom of the Beam Forms. This minimizes the amount of
cutting in the ICF wall.
STEP 2: BEAM INSTALLATION
•
Cut the beam to length and prepare each end by
removing the EPS in the beam back 1 inch from the
ICF interior bearing
wall
•
Snip the bottom two corners of the beam jacket
back 1 inch and bend the cut piece of the metal
jacket down to form a lip that will hook on the
inside of the ICF EPS form.
This should result with the EPS foam in the Beam Form
being flush with the inside of the ICF form panel, and
each side of the metal beam jacket projecting 1 inch into
The bottom of the metal jacket should hook over the ICF
form panel preventing concrete from leaking out under
the form as well as keeping the Beam Form stable on the
ICF wall.
•
Place the Beam Forms such that the Beam Forms
will sit in line on both sides of the ICF wall. This will
allow the steel and panels to ‘run through’ over
the wall.
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G U I D E
the concrete wall cavity.
I N S T A L L A T I O N
end of the metal jacket.
F O R T R U S S
the ICF bearing wall can be formed to the height of the
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.3.1 – ICF INTERIOR BEARING WALLS
CONTINUED
STEP 3: SHORING INSTALLATION
See Section 2.3.1 for shoring installation.
STEP 4: FLOOR PANEL INSTALLATION
•
Place the Floor Panels between the
Beam Forms.
G U I D E
This will create the deck on which the concrete will
be placed forming the slab.
If the top of the ICF wall is flush with the underside
I N S T A L L A T I O N
of the Beam Forms then the Floor Panels can be
conveniently installed directly on the ICF bearing
wall.
STEP 5: REBAR PLACEMENT
•
Place the reinforcement for beam and slabs,
as required by design.
•
Place 90 degree bent bars in the wall system
to tie into Fortruss either by tying, wet-
F O R T R U S S
setting, or drill and epoxy if dry-setting.
Reinforcment for Fortruss should be reviewed and
approved by a locally licensed engineer.
STEP 6: CONCRETE PLACEMENT
Placing concrete can be done Monolithic with the
floor beams and slabs, or done as two separate
pours.
Depending on the pour sequence, the amount of
shoring and rebar must be checked by a locally
licensed engineer to ensure adequate shoring is
used.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.3.1 – ICF INTERIOR BEARING WALLS
CONTINUED
From the top of the floor deck the bearing wall will be
open through the space between the beam ends for
10” wide by the core width of the wall. When placing
concrete pour though each space until concrete is up to
the next beam opening this will eliminate any possible
concrete voids between the beams at the top of the ICF
bearing wall.
ICF wall between the Beam Forms to accommodate
mechanical or electrical runs.
F O R T R U S S
Prior to placing concrete install sleeves through the
I N S T A L L A T I O N
G U I D E
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.4 – CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE WALLS
Fortruss can be used with conventional cast-in-place
concrete walls. Installation of Fortruss will depend
whether the walls will be poured monlithically with
Fortruss, or as two separate pours. And if the walls
will terminate or conitinue above Fortruss.
Walls Poured Monolithic with Fortruss
Typically, the ends of the Beam Forms are supported
on top of one side of the wall form. As a result, the
Wall section through beam
I N S T A L L A T I O N
G U I D E
STEP 1: WALL PREPARATION
side of the wall form that supports the Beam Forms
will be shorther than the opposite side of the wall
form by at least the depth of the Fortruss form work
and slab thickness.
•
Provide a lumber ledger along the top edge
of the form work to provide addition bearing
support for the Beam Forms.
This is typically required if plywood wall forms are
F O R T R U S S
used. Forms with edge frames require no additional
bearing support for the Beam Forms to rest on.
The exterior wall form must be rigid enough to
prevent excessive deflection during concrete
placement. Bracing can be added to prevent this
from happening.
Walls Poured Prior to Fortruss Installation
When cast-in-place walls are completed before
Fortruss is installed, the Fortruss will need to sit on
top of the concrete wall, or into a ledge formed in
the concrete wall.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.4 – CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE WALLS
CONTINUED
Fortruss Installed on Ledge Formed in Concrete Wall
•
Create a ledge or corbel in the concrete wall to
support the Fortruss beam ends.
A minimum 3 inch bearing ledge is required, but will
depend upon the span and the loads imposed upon the
will take greater loads from the connected slab.
Fortruss installed on Top of Wall
•
Install temporary forms around the exterior
perimeter of the walls. This will act as formwork
Walls Continuous above the Slab Level
in cases where the concrete wall above and below the
floor depth is the same width, and Fortruss is installed
into a blocked out ledge, the height of the block out
should be a minimum of 6 inches for the Beam Forms to
fit without modification, and a maximum height equal to
the total depth of the beams, Panels and slab.
If the concrete wall is to continue above the Fortruss deck
then both sides of the wall form will be in place as below
the Fortruss forms minimizing top of wall deflection.
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G U I D E
Walls Continuous above the Slab Level
I N S T A L L A T I O N
for the edge of the slab.
F O R T R U S S
slab. However, a 4 inch ledge is easier to work with and
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.4 – CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE WALLS
CONTINUED
STEP 2: BEAM INSTALLATION
Installing the Beam Forms will depend on on
whether the walls will be poured monlithically with
Fortruss, or as two separate pours.
Walls Poured Monolithic with Fortruss
•
Install the beams as outlined in Step 2 for ICF
G U I D E
wall installation.
Walls Poured Prior to Fortruss Installation
If the walls are prepared such that a concrete ledge
I N S T A L L A T I O N
in the wall is provided to bear the beam ends
•
cut the beam end to fit snug against walls on
top of the ledge. •
remove the EPS and metal jacket along the
bottom of the beam to provide full bearing
contact between the ledge and underside of
the beam. Be sure to cut back the EPS at a 45
F O R T R U S S
degree angle.
STEP 3: SHORING INSTALLATION
See Section 2.3.1 for shoring installation.
STEP 4: PANEL INSTALLATION
•
Place the Panels between the Beam Forms.
This will create the deck on which the
concrete will be placed forming the slab.
•
Install Panel Blockouts or glue in blockouts
where the wall meets the floor, if the walls
are poured Monolithic with Fortruss. This will
block out the area between the Beam Forms
and the underside of the Panels.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.4 – CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE WALLS
CONTINUED
Walls Poured Prior to Fortruss Installation
If the walls are prepared such that a concrete ledge in the
wall is provided to bear the beam ends, Panel Blockouts
are not required.
STEP 5: REBAR PLACEMENT
•
Place the reinforcement for beam and slabs, as
•
Place 90 degree bent bars in the wall system to
tie into Fortruss either by wet-setting, or drill and
epoxy if dry-setting.
Reinforcment for Fortruss should be reviewed and
approved by a locally licensed engineer.
Placing concrete can be done monolithic with the walls,
floor beams and slabs, or done as separate pours.
Depending on the pour sequence, the amount of shoring
and rebar must be checked by a locally licensed engineer
to ensure adequate shoring and dowels are used.
to the top first allowing concrete to run into the beam
ends before the beams voids are filled. This will minimize
the pressure against the wall forms when the beams are
poured.
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G U I D E
When concrete is placed, the wall forms should be filled
I N S T A L L A T I O N
STEP 6: CONCRETE PLACEMENT
F O R T R U S S
required by design.
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.4 – CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE WALLS
CONTINUED
ADDITIONAL NOTES
The following additional notes should be considered
during installation:
•
Minimum spacing of 4 inches between the
end of Fortruss and the exterior wall will help
prevent the beam or Panel components from
G U I D E
breaking through the exterior wall surface
and becoming exposed.
•
When Blockout Panels are used chamfer the
I N S T A L L A T I O N
Panels back at 45 degrees to provide better
load distribution from the floor to the wall.
•
vertical rebar dowels placed when the walls
were poured, or drilled into the top of the
wall, and bent into Fortruss is required to tie
F O R T R U S S
the wall to the floor system.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.5 – CONCRETE BLOCK WALLS
Fortruss can be used with concrete block walls.
Installation of Fortruss will depend whether the walls will
be poured monlithically with Fortruss, or as two separate
pours. And if the walls will terminate or continue above
Fortruss.
STEP 1: WALL PREPARATION
Fortruss Beam Forms are normally set into pockets cut in
the concrete block. This works especially well when the
block is to continue above the top of the Fortruss slab.
Fortruss installed on top of Wall
When concrete block walls are completed before Fortruss
block.
•
Place temporary forms around the exterior
perimeter of the walls to increase the wall height
to the top of the floor slab and maintain concrete
on the exterior face of the wall.
Roof Deck
slab will extend to the outside perimeter of the block
walls.
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G U I D E
In applications where Fortruss will form a roof deck the
I N S T A L L A T I O N
is installed Fortruss will need to sit on top of the concrete
F O R T R U S S
Block Walls Poured Monolithic with Fortruss
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.5 – CONCRETE BLOCK WALLS CONTINUED
STEP 2: BEAM INSTALLATION
Fortruss Installed on Top of Wall
•
Place the Beam Form component on the
concrete block wall at least the required
bearing width.
•
Chamfer the EPS material in the bottom of
bearing on the wall.
•
Provide a minimum 4 inch space between
the end of the beams and the exterior face
of wall. This will prevent the Beam Forms
Section through Beam
Form
or Floor Panels from breaking through the
exterior wall surface and becoming exposed.
Walls Continuous above the Slab Level
The inside face of the concrete block is only removed
where the Beam Forms will connect to the wall.
•
Cut the beam to length adding the thickness
of the concrete block wall plus 1 inch.
•
F O R T R U S S
I N S T A L L A T I O N
G U I D E
the beam end at 45 degrees to provide proper
Snip the bottom two corners of the beam
jacket back 1 inch and bend the cut piece of
the metal jacket down to form a lip that will
hook on the inside of the block wall.
This should result with the EPS foam in the beam
form being flush with the inside face of the block
wall, or chamfered, and each side of the metal beam
jacket projecting 1 inch into the block wall cavity.
The bottom of the metal jacket should hook over
the block wall preventing concrete from leaking out
under the form as well as keeping the Beam Form
stable on the wall.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.5 – CONCRETE BLOCK WALLS CONTINUED
STEP 3: SHORING INSTALLATION
Shoring requirements will differ depending if Fortruss will
be poured together with the block walls or after the block
walls are poured and set.
•
Place additional shoring close to the concrete block
walls to prevent the weight of the concrete in the
concrete block.
•
The shoring adjacent to the concrete block walls
can be removed within 24 hours once the concrete
between the block cores and Beam Forms has set.
•
Maintain intermediate shoring until
sufficient strength has developed.
STEP 4: PANEL INSTALLATION
•
Place the Panels between the Beam Forms.
This will create the deck on which the concrete will be
placed forming the slab.
Place the Panels tight to the inside face of the concrete
block when the concrete block wall continues up above
the top of slab.
Fortruss Installed on Top of Wall
Blockout Panels are best used at the beam ends to close
the space between beams below the Panels.
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G U I D E
Walls Continuous above the Slab Level
I N S T A L L A T I O N
See Section 2.3.1 for shoring installation.
F O R T R U S S
beams from breaking portions of the
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.5 – CONCRETE BLOCK WALLS CONTINUED
When Blockout Panels are used chamfer the
Panels back at 45 degrees to provide better load
distribution from the floor to the wall.
STEP 5: REBAR PLACEMENT
•
Place the reinforcement for beam and slabs,
as required by design.
G U I D E
•
Place 90 degree bent bars in the wall system
to tie into Fortruss either by wet-setting, or
drill and epoxy if dry-setting.
I N S T A L L A T I O N
Reinforcment for Fortruss should be reviewed and
approved by a locally licensed engineer.
STEP 6: CONCRETE PLACEMENT
Placing concrete can be done Monolithic with the
walls, floor beams and slabs, or done as separate
pours.
Depending on the pour sequence, the amount of
F O R T R U S S
shoring and rebar must be checked by a locally
licensed engineer to ensure adequate shoring and
dowels are used.
•
When concrete is placed, the concrete block
wall cavities should be filled to the top first
allowing concrete to run into the beam ends
before the Beam Form voids are filled.
Slabs in areas where potential water seepage to
the space below is a concern will need to be water
proofed. Several methods of creating a water barrier
are discussed in Section 2.3.11.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.6 – WOOD AND STEEL STUD WALLS
Athough, wood and steel stud framed walls can be
designed to support a suspended slab, they offer little in
way of fire resistance contributing to premature structural
failure in the event of a fire.
Wood or steel stud framed walls are best used only as
partition of curtain walls not required to carry structural
When wood stud frame wall systems are used concrete
must not come in direct contact with wood. Whether
stud frame walls are used as a mid-span support where
the Fortruss beams and Floor Panels run through
unbroken above or for perimeter bearing walls, the only
beam for the width of the bearing surface sloping up
away from bearing at 45 degrees. EPS must be removed
to transfer loads from the floor system to the beam.
The use of a wood is subject to dimensional shrinkage and
decay is not recommended for permanent support of a
Section through
Beam Form
suspended concrete slab.
I N S T A L L A T I O N
requirement is to remove the EPS in the bottom of the
F O R T R U S S
loads.
G U I D E
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.7 – STEEL BEAMS
Many different steel sections and connection details
can be used with Fortruss, and will depend on the
design and construction.
Steel beam sections should be designed and
approved by a locally licensed structural engineer.
G U I D E
FORTRUSS BEARING ON TOP OF STEEL BEAM
When the Fortruss beams are continuous over the
steel beam support shoring and the Fortruss floor
I N S T A L L A T I O N
components are installed as normal.
•
In the bearing area of the steel beam remove
the EPS in the bottom of the Beam Forms to
provide a proper bearing surface. Flush Beams
Where the steel beam is installed as a flush beam
at the edge of the slab, around a slab opening, or
to eliminate a dropped beam below the slab, steel
F O R T R U S S
profiles with a vertical web and flanges are used.
•
Install the Fortruss beams such that the beam
end is fit snug and flush against the steel
beam.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.8 – CONCRETE BEAMS
Using traditional formwork, cast-in-place concrete beams
can be built to support Fortruss floors with long spans, or
where edge beams are required.
Cast-in-place beams built flush to the underside of the
Beam Forms will maintain a constant ceiling height. In
this case, cast-in-place beams will be deeper than the
of the underside of the Beam Forms. As a result, steel
conflict between the floor and edge beams will be
minimal.
However, the size of the cast-in-place beam can vary
depending on the floor spans, and loading conditions.
CAST-IN-PLACE EDGE BEAMS
•
Form the underside of the edge beam with lengths
of 2x8 or 2x10 lumber.
•
Rest the ends of the Fortruss Beam Forms on the
lumber and screw the lumber to the Fortruss Beam
Form to keep it in place.
This will make the underside of both the edge
beam and Fortruss Beam Forms flush.A screw
is installed up through the lumber form into the
metal jacket of the Beam Form to hold it in place.
Use a scew at least 2.5 inches long to ensure it
penetrates into the Beam Form by at least 1 inch.
•
Use ply form, or Blockout Panels, to fill the space
between the Fortruss Beam Forms.
•
Use ply form to form the opposite side of edge
beams. The ply form must be braced for added
support.
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G U I D E
Edge beam
showing form work
I N S T A L L A T I O N
Below are typical installation methods.
F O R T R U S S
Fortruss beams 3 or 5 inches depending on the thickness
PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.8 – CONCRETE FLUSH BEAMS CONTINUED
If the slab is placed at the same time as the beams
it is easy to form an offset in the outside ply form
to create an overhanging slab and drip ledge. This
can also be formed onto the concrete edge beam
after temporary forms have been removed before
Edge beam with
Fortruss
can be constructed around openings or cantilevers to
support and strengthen the suspended slab.
FLUSH BEAMS WITHIN FLOOR SPAN
•
I N S T A L L A T I O N
G U I D E
the slab is placed. The same temporary form work
Use a 2 x 8, 2 x 10, or 2 x 12 length of lumber
(depending on the size of the beam) to form
the under side of the flush beam.
•
Rest the ends of the Fortruss Beam Form on
opposite sides of the both sides of the lumber,
and screw the lumber to the underside of the
Section through
Beam Form
Fortruss Beam Forms to hold it in place.
•
Install the Floor Panels flush with the Beam
Form ends.
F O R T R U S S
•
Use ply form, or Blockout Panels, to fill the
space between the Fortruss Beam Form
components.
•
Install the reinforcement for the edge and
floor beams, as required by design.
Sleeves can be installed to allow pentrations through
flush beams where mechanical or electrical runs may
be required. The sleeves should be located at midhieght of flush beams, and should only be placed
based on engineering review and approval.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.9 – WOOD BEARING BEAMS
The use of treated lumber or engineered wood beams
for mid-span support is possible. However, wood beams
should not come in direct contact with concrete, or where
moisture can be trapped between the wood and concrete.
In most applications, wood beams would be used only to
support Fortruss floors with long spans, and where the
•
Section through
Beam Form
Remove the EPS in the bottom of the beam
component to provide a proper bearing surface. F O R T R U S S
Fortruss beams are bearing on the wood beam.
I N S T A L L A T I O N
G U I D E
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.10 – UTILITIES
Service penetrations and attachments can be easily
accomodated
Typically, the foam thickness of the Beam Forms
and Floor Panles are thick enough to accommodate
service penetrations and attachments that won’t run
through the concrete itself, or compromise floor to
F O R T R U S S
I N S T A L L A T I O N
G U I D E
ceiling clearances.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.10.1 – SERvICE PENETRATIONS
Penetrations can be created using a hole saw to cut
through the metal jacket. A plumbing pipe used as a
hand drill can be used to cut a hole through the foam
material.
•
When making a penetration through the Beam
Forms, cut a hole slightly larger than the hole cut
metal jacket from damaging pipes.
•
Beam Forms with thicker form bottoms can be used
to accommodate larger service penetrations.
F O R T R U S S
through the foam material. This will prevent the
I N S T A L L A T I O N
G U I D E
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.10.2 – SERvICE ATTACHMENTS
The metal jacket of the Beam Forms provide ample
attachment for drywall, lighting and other fixtures.
•
The space between the Beam Forms provide
ample clearance for service utilities without
compromising ceiling height. Shallow light
fixtures can also be installed to the underside
G U I D E
of the Beam Forms.
•
Fixtures can be mounted directly to the Beam
Forms.
•
Air vents and other service pipes can be
I N S T A L L A T I O N
strapped directly to the Beam Forms.
•
Wiring can be stapled directly to the
underside of the Floor Panels with EPS pex
staples.
•
Metal wall studs cut to size, can bridge across
F O R T R U S S
Beam Forms to help support service pipes.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
2.3.11 – WATERPROOFING
Waterproofing may be required for slabs exposed to
potentially wet conditions such as suspended garage
slabs.
A waterproof sealer is a common approach to treating
suspended slabs. There are many products that can do
the job, and application of the sealer should be based on
Generally, the surface of the concrete slab must be clean
and free of debris before applying the sealer. In addition,
the slab should be sloped, and drainage installed to direct
water away.
representative.
I N S T A L L A T I O N
For more information contact your local Beave Plastics
F O R T R U S S
the manufacturer’s instructions.
G U I D E
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PRODUCT MANUAL
3.0 – CAD DRAWINGS
TAbLE OF CONTENTS
3.1 – FORTRUSS COMPONENTS .................................... P. 3-3
S
3.1.2 - floor Panels.............................................. P. 3-4
G
3.1.1 - beam forms ............................................... P. 3-3
3.1.3 - TrIPle CHaIr sTIrrUP ................................. P. 3-5
N
3.3 - INSULATING CONCRETE FORM WALLS .............. P. 3-14
I
3.4 - CAST-IN-PLACE bEAMS ....................................... P. 3-17
W
3.2 - FORTRUSS FLOOR SECTIONS ................................ P. 3-7
3.5 - STEEL bEAM ........................................................ P. 3-20
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
3.6 - ENGINEERED WOOD bEAM ................................ P. 3-23
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October 2010
DISCLAIMER
by using the forTrUss Product manual, in part or in whole, the user accepts
the following terms and conditions.
The forTrUss Product manual shall be used for the sole purpose of
estimating, design or construction of the forTrUss system used in
residential, commercial or industrial structures.
The information represented herein is to be used as a reference guide only.
The user shall check to ensure the information provided in this manual,
including updates and amendments, meets local building codes and
construction practices by consulting local building officials, construction and
design professionals, including any additional requirements.
beaver Plastics ltd. reserves the right to make changes to the information
provided herein without notice and assumes no liability in connection with
the use of this manual including modification, copying or distribution.
The user shall check to ensure that any construction projects utilizing the
forTrUss Product manual includes the latest updates/amendments (related
to the version of the forTrUss Product manual being used at the time of
the construction project). Contact your local fortruss representative for
updates/amendments to the forTrUss Product manual.
3.1 – FORTRUSS COMPONENTS
3.1.1 - bEAM FORMS
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
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PRODUCT MANUAL
3.1.2 - FORTRUSS PANELS
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
BLOCKOUT PANELS
I
G
11.75
N
S
Standard Blockout
Deep Blockout
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–4
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.1.3 - TRIPLE CHAIR STIRRUP
Patent Pending
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
A
D
TrIPle sTIrrUP CHaIr
see next page for
dimensions
S
C
rebar
T
R
U
S
beam form
F
O
R
Triple Chair stirrup
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–5
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.1.3 - TRIPLE CHAIR STIRRUP CONTINUED
Patent Pending
The fortruss Triple Chair has been designed to be used with the fortruss forming
system. sizes are available for each panel and beam combination. The Triple
Chair is used to support bottom and top bar reinforcement and maintain proper
F
reinforcement clearance and concrete cover. The top bar when in place also
O
provides support for slab reinforcement.
Designs where shear reinforcement is required the Triple Chair provides this
R
required reinforcement. each size is made to self space to the code required
spacing by butting the base legs together in the beam form. This spacing is max
T
1/2 the depth of the beam from the top of the slab to the center of the bottom
R
bar. as the beam depths increase the base legs get longer to space the Triple Chairs
U
further apart.
S
The Triple Chair also provides extended top bar hooks which provide the required
C
spacing of the Triple Chair shall be determined by the project engineer when used
S
mechanical lock between beam and slab when engineered as a composite slab. The
for composite slab interlock.
D
rely on the stay in place form work of the fortruss system to provide minimum
A
The Triple chair is not to be used where form work is to be removed. The base legs
protection from environmental exposure.
D
The bottom bar chairs meet the code requirements of a hook to contain the
bottom bars when tension forces are transferred to the shear reinforcement. The
R
top bar chair does not require a hook as forces in the beam cannot cause upward
A
the legs from pulling free of the concrete when in tension.
W
tension on this bar. However the top legs of the Triple Chair do have hooks to keep
I
Contact fortruss for available Triple Chair sizes or additional information.
G
codes;
S
aC1318-08
Csa a23.3-04
as 3600
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
N
This product has be designed to meet or exceed requirements of the following
3–6
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS
PRODUCT MANUAL
The following table lists the various depths achievable using fortruss, along with
bEAM
FLOOR DEPTH
DEPTH, in
(minus slab
FIGURE
thickness), in
NO.
bEAM FORM TYPE
FLOOR PANEL TYPE
SEE
8.5
9.875
12.25
12.5
13.875
14.5
11.5
12.875
15.25
17.5
18.875
17.5
standard
standard
standard
Deep Thick bottom
Deep Thick bottom
Deep
a
b
C
a
b
a
1
2
3
4
5
6
15.875
16.25
17
18.25
21
23
18.875
21.25
20
21.25
26
26
Deep
Deep Thick bottom
standard
Deep
Deep Thick bottom
Deep
b
C
D
C
D
D
7
8
9
10
11
12
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
corresponding floor sections.
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–7
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–8
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–9
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–10
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–11
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–12
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–13
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.3 - INSULATING CONCRETE FORM WALLS
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–14
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.3 - INSULATING CONCRETE FORM WALLS
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
CONTINUED
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–15
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.3 - INSULATING CONCRETE FORM WALLS
CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–16
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.4 - CAST-IN-PLACE bEAMS
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–17
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.4 - CAST-IN-PLACE bEAMS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–18
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.4 - CAST-IN-PLACE bEAMS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–19
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.5 - STEEL bEAM
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–20
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.5 - STEEL bEAM CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–21
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.5 - STEEL bEAM CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–22
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.6 - ENGINEERED WOOD bEAM
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–23
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.10 - ICF INTERIOR WALL (NON-bEARING
END)
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–24
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.11 - ICF INTERIOR WALL (bEARING END)
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–25
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
3.12 - CMU CONTINUOUS AbOvE
FORTRUSS
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–26
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
3.13 - CMU INTERIOR WALL
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
3–27
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.0 – ENGINEERING
TABLE OF CONTENTS
4.1 – fortruss components������������������������������������ P. 4-3
S
4.1.2 - panels���������������������������������������������������������� P. 4-4
G
4.1.1 - beam forms����������������������������������������������� P. 4-3
4.1.3 - triple chair stirrup��������������������������������� P. 4-5
N
table 1: fortruss floor sizes��������������������������� P. 4-7
I
4.3 - SPAN TABLES - U.s.a.������������������������������������������ P. 4-15
W
4.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS�������������������������������������������� P. 4-7
Table 2: bUILDING USE FOR SPAN TABLES���������� P. 4-15
A
4.3.1 - table 3������������������������������������������������������� P. 4-18
R
4.3.3 - table 5������������������������������������������������������� P. 4-20
D
4.3.2 - table 4������������������������������������������������������� P. 4-19
4.3.4 - table 6������������������������������������������������������� P. 4-21
D
4.3.6 - SECTION PROPERTIES��������������������������������� P. 4-23
A
4.3.5 - NOTES FOR SPAN TABLES��������������������������� P. 4-22
4.3.7 - table 7: steel reinforcement
C
information����������������������������� P. 4-24
4.4 - SPAN TABLES - canada������������������������������������� P. 4-25
S
Table 8: bUILDING USE FOR SPAN TABLES���������� P. 4-25
S
4.4.2 - table 10����������������������������������������������������� P. 4-28
U
4.4.3 - table 11����������������������������������������������������� P. 4-29
R
4.4.4 - table 12����������������������������������������������������� P. 4-30
T
4.4.1 - table 9������������������������������������������������������� P. 4-27
4.4.5 - NOTES FOR SPAN TABLES��������������������������� P. 4-31
R
4.4.6 - SECTION PROPERTIES��������������������������������� P. 4-32
4.4.7 - table 13: steel reinforcement
F
O
information��������������������������� P. 4-33
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–1
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
DISCLAIMER
By using the FORTRUSS Product Manual, in part or in whole, the user accepts
the following terms and conditions.
The FORTRUSS Product Manual shall be used for the sole purpose of
estimating, design or construction of the FORTRUSS System used in
residential, commercial or industrial structures.
The information represented herein is to be used as a reference guide only.
The user shall check to ensure the information provided in this manual,
including updates and amendments, meets local building codes and
construction practices by consulting local building officials, construction and
design professionals, including any additional requirements.
Beaver Plastics Ltd. reserves the right to make changes to the information
provided herein without notice and assumes no liability in connection with
the use of this manual including modification, copying or distribution.
The user shall check to ensure that any construction projects utilizing the
FORTRUSS Product Manual includes the latest updates/amendments (related
to the version of the FORTRUSS Product Manual being used at the time of
the construction project). Contact your local Fortruss representative for
updates/amendments to the FORTRUSS Product Manual.
4.1 – fortruss components
4.1.1 - beam forms
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–3
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.1.2 - panels
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
BLOCKOUT PANELS
I
G
11.75
N
S
Standard Blockout
Deep Blockout
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–4
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
4.1.3 - triple chair stirrup
Patent Pending
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
A
D
TRIPLE STIRRUP CHAIR
See next page for
dimensions
S
C
Rebar
T
R
U
S
Beam Form
F
O
R
Triple Chair Stirrup
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–5
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.1.3 - triple chair stirrup CONTINUED
Patent Pending
The Fortruss Triple Chair has been designed to be used with the Fortruss forming
system. Sizes are available for each panel and beam combination. The Triple
Chair is used to support bottom and top bar reinforcement and maintain proper
F
reinforcement clearance and concrete cover. The top bar when in place also
O
provides support for slab reinforcement.
Designs where shear reinforcement is required the Triple Chair provides this
R
required reinforcement. Each size is made to self space to the code required
spacing by butting the base legs together in the beam form. This spacing is max
T
1/2 the depth of the beam from the top of the slab to the center of the bottom
R
bar. As the beam depths increase the base legs get longer to space the Triple Chairs
U
further apart.
S
The Triple Chair also provides extended top bar hooks which provide the required
C
spacing of the Triple Chair shall be determined by the project engineer when used
S
mechanical lock between beam and slab when engineered as a composite slab. The
for composite slab interlock.
D
rely on the stay in place form work of the Fortruss system to provide minimum
A
The Triple chair is not to be used where form work is to be removed. The base legs
protection from environmental exposure.
D
The bottom bar chairs meet the code requirements of a hook to contain the
bottom bars when tension forces are transferred to the shear reinforcement. The
R
top bar chair does not require a hook as forces in the beam cannot cause upward
A
the legs from pulling free of the concrete when in tension.
W
tension on this bar. However the top legs of the Triple Chair do have hooks to keep
I
Contact Fortruss for available Triple Chair sizes or additional information.
G
codes;
S
AC1318-08
CSA A23.3-04
AS 3600
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
N
This product has be designed to meet or exceed requirements of the following
4–6
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
4.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS
PRODUCT MANUAL
The following table lists the various depths achievable using Fortruss, along with
table 1: fortruss floor sizes
JOIST
FLOOR DEPTH
DEPTH, in
(minus slab
FIGURE
thickness), in
NO.
BEAM FORM TYPE
FLOOR PANEL TYPE
SEE
8.5
9.875
12.25
12.5
13.875
14.5
11.5
12.875
15.25
17.5
18.875
17.5
Standard
Standard
Standard
Deep Thick Bottom
Deep Thick Bottom
Deep
A
B
C
A
B
A
1
2
3
4
5
6
15.875
16.25
17
18.25
21
23
18.875
21.25
20
21.25
26
26
Deep
Deep Thick Bottom
Standard
Deep
Deep Thick Bottom
Deep
B
C
D
C
D
D
7
8
9
10
11
12
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
corresponding floor sections.
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–7
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–8
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
4.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–9
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–10
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
4.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–11
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–12
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
4.2 - FORTRUSS SECTIONS CONTINUED
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
PRODUCT MANUAL
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–13
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3 - SPAN TABLES - U.s.a.
The following span tables are grouped into loading conditions suitable for certain
building use, and are based on the loads provided in Table R301.5 of the International
Table 2: bUILDING USE FOR SPAN TABLES
Live Load, psf
20
40
G
S
Residential Code 2006.
I
Sleeping room
W
N
Table 3
Table 4
Building Use
Attics with storage
Decks
Rooms other than sleeping rooms
Exterior balconies
Passenger vehicle garages
60
50 + 2000 lb point load
D
Dead loads are based on self weight plus a superimposed dead load of 10 psf.
D
Slab thicknesses for the span tables include 2.5, 3, 3.5 and 4 inches. Due to the heavier
A
R
A
Table 5
Table 6
loading conditions, the table for passenger vehicle garages, Table 5, only considers 4 inch
C
slabs.
S
S
various span and loading conditions. The span tables are grouped into the following
categories:
R
The span tables provide minimum area of reinforcement for the bottom beam steel for
U
USING THE SPAN TABLES
T
bottom beam (or joist) steel for various concrete beam sizes, span and loading
R
• D
epth of Concrete Section - main span table listing area of reinforcement for
conditions
O
• Fortruss Corresponding Components - lists Floor Panel and Beam Form types
F
required for given Depth of Concrete Section.
epth of Floor Section - lists the total Fortruss floor depth (Depth of Concrete
• D
Section plus the thickness of foam below the concrete joist).
• Slab Reinforcement - lists the slab reinforcement for the given slab thickness.
• Stirrups - lists the stirrup requirements for the given slab thickness. The stirrups
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Fortruss. Performance
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3 - span tables - U.S.A. CONTINUED
act as ties required to make the slab and joist integral. Unless otherwise noted,
the stirrups are not required if the slab and joist are poured monolithic.
Section properties are also provided in Section 4.3.6.
For estimating the Fortruss
components, concrete and reinforcement see Section 5.
F
The combination of Floor Panel and Beam Form sizes offer 12 different possible floor sizes,
O
as shown in Table 1, and depicted in Figures 1 to 12. The span tables list the spans in the
R
far left column. The remaining column headings contain the joist depth resulting from
the 12 Fortruss floor sizes, with the smallest size starting from the left, and increasing to
T
the right. This offers the user the flexibility to choose the most suitable beam size.
R
U
To use the span tables, an example is provided below.
S
S
Example:
C
• Building use - suspended slab garage
• Floor span - 25 ft
A
• Floor Area - 500 ft2
D
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION - BEAM SELECTION
D
• Use Table 6 based on the building use (passenger vehicle garage).
• Under the Span column move across the row with span equal to 25 ft. The cells
R
with “-” denotes floor sizes that are not practical, or require further engineering,
A
for the span and loading conditions chosen. Cells showing a value, indicates the
W
minimum area of reinforcement for the bottom joist steel.
• The smallest joist size available requires a steel area of 1.58 in2. Under the column
I
headings the corresponding depth of joist is 9.875 inches with a 4 inch thick slab.
N
The total depth of concrete section is then 13.875 inches.
G
S
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–16
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3 - span tables - U.S.A. CONTINUED
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS
• For quick reference the corresponding Fortruss components (Floor Panel and
Beam Form type) that make up the depth of concrete of 13.875 inches is shown
just below the span table. In this example the Fortruss components required are
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION
the Fortruss (the thickness of foam under the joist). In this example, the total floor
depth is 16.875 inches.
REINFORCEMENT SELECTION
• As determined from the span table the minimum area of reinforcement required
D
R
A
I
• The total depth of the floor section includes the Depth of Concrete Section plus
W
N
G
S
Floor Panel type “B”, and Beam Form type “Standard”.
for the bottom steel in the joist is 1.58 in2 . To determine the rebar required
D
reference is made to Table 7, which lists various bar sizes and no of bars required
for a give steel area.
C
A
• In this case, 2 - #8 bars would be required, or bundled bars, as shown.
note: As seen in the span table other floor sizes are also available for this span. However,
S
S
the size chosen in this example offers the shallowest and most economical floor size.
U
The span tables were developed based on the concrete section that includes the
R
and joist, or integral if poured separately. Where the slab is poured after the joists
T
have set, the stirrups noted under the span tables are required. In cases where
R
slab and joist. Therefore, the concrete must be poured monolithic with the slab
the joist is poured monolithic, stirrups may not be required unless the bottom
O
rebar chosen in the span table is shaded grey, as noted under the span tables.
F
The span tables are provided as an aid for preliminary design and estimating.
Final design should be conducted by a local licensed professional engineer.
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–17
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3.1 - table 3 - U.s.a.
(Refer to Table 2 for building use description and Table 7 for rebar requirements)
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the floor
drawing shown in the Notes section.
Vertical Loads:
Service live load: 20psf
Concentrated load: 0lb
Superimposed dead load: 10psf
Self weight of joist and slab included
1
A
D
Span, ft
23
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
C
21
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
S
18.25
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.00
S
17
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.20
U
12.5
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.200
1.20
1.58
-
R
12.25
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.200
1.20
1.58
-
T
9.875
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.20
-
R
8.5
0.20
0.20
0.20
0 20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.60
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.20
1.58
-
O
Depth of slab
Depth of joist
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
F
2
REQUIRED MINIMUM AREA OF REINFORCEMENT1, in^2
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION (Slab + Joist Depth), in
2.5 to 4
13.875
14.5
15.875
16.25
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0 31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0 31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.60
0.60
0 9
0 9
0 60
0 60
1.00
0.79
0.60
0.60
1.20
1.00
0.79
0.79
1.20
1.20
1.00
0.79
1.58
1.20
1.00
1.00
1.58
1.58
1.20
1.20
1.58
1.20
1.58
1.58
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS (Floor Panel & Beam Form Type)
Beam Form
Standard
Type
Fig.1
C
Standard
Standard
Fig.2
Fig.3
A
B
Deep Thick Deep Thick
Bottom
Bottom
Fig.4
Fig.5
B
C
D
C
D
D
Deep
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Standard
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Deep
Fig.6
Fig.7
Fig.8
Fig.9
Fig.10
Fig.11
Fig.12
3
5
3
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION (Slab + Joist + Depth of Foam under Joist), in
6
Depth of foam
under joist
7
3
3
3
5
5
3
3
5
3
Slab thickness + Joist Depth + Depth of foam under joist
Ttl Flr Depth
W
A
A
Fig.#
B
R
5
A
D
4
Floor Panel
Type
I
3
#3 - 1 leg @ 12 in
S
2.5
#3 - 1 leg @ 10 in
STIRRUPS2, 3
Slab Thickness, in
3.5
#3 - 1 leg @ 14 in
4
#3 - 1 leg @ 16 in
NOTES:
1. Rebar requirements for corresponding reinforcement area can be found in Table 7.
2. Unless otherwise noted, place stirrups along full length of beam. Stirrups are not required if concrete is place monothic with joist and slab.
3. Use Fortruss Triple Chair Stirrup at same stirrup spacing, in lieu of #3 stirrups or ties.
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–18
G
2.5
3
3.5
4
Option 1: #3 @ 12.5in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 15in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 17.5in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 15.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 12.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 15in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 17.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 18in. o/c e/w
Option 3: 12x12 - W5 x W5: 0.05 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W6 x W6: 0.06 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W8 x W8: 0.08 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W9 x W9: 0.09 in^2/ft
N
SLAB REINFORCEMENT
Slab Thickness, in
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3.2 - table 4 - U.s.a.
(Refer to Table 2 for building use description and Table 7 for rebar requirements)
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the
floor drawing shown in the Notes section.
Vertical Loads:
Service live load: 40psf
Concentrated load: 0lb
Superimposed dead load: 10psf
Self weight of joist and slab included
2
Span, ft
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
1
Depth of slab
Depth of joist
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
8.5
0.20
0.20
0.20
0 20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 60
0.60
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.58
-
9.875
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.20
-
12.25
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.58
58
-
12.5
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.58
58
1.58
-
1
REQUIRED MINIMUM AREA OF REINFORCEMENT , in^2
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION (Slab + Joist Depth), in
2.5 to 4
13.875
14.5
15.875
16.25
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0 31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.60
0.60
1.00
0.79
0.79
0.60
1.200
1.00
0.79
0.79
00
0 9
0 9
1.20
1.00
0.79
0.79
1.58
1.20
1.00
1.00
1.58
1.20
1.20
1.58
1.20
1.20
1.58
1.58
1.58
-
17
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0 9
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.58
1.58
18.25
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.79
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.20
21
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
1.00
23
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
S
4
S
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS (Floor Panel & Beam Form Type)
Floor Panel
Type
5
Beam Form
Standard
Type
Fig.1
B
C
Standard
Standard
Fig.2
Fig.3
A
B
Deep Thick Deep Thick
Bottom
Bottom
Fig.4
Fig.5
A
B
C
D
C
D
D
Deep
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Standard
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Deep
Fig.6
Fig.7
Fig.8
Fig.9
Fig.10
Fig.11
Fig.12
3
5
3
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION (Slab + Joist + Depth of Foam under Joist), in
6
7
Depth of foam
under joist
3
3
3
5
5
3
3
5
3
Slab thickness + Joist Depth + Depth of foam under joist
Ttl Flr Depth
T
R
U
Fig.#
A
R
SLAB REINFORCEMENT
Slab Thickness, in
F
O
2.5
3
3.5
4
Option 1: #3 @ 12.5in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 15in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 17.5in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 15.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 12.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 15in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 17.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 18in. o/c e/w
Option 3: 12x12 - W5 x W5: 0.05 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W6 x W6: 0.06 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W8 x W8: 0.08 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W9 x W9: 0.09 in^2/ft
2.5
#3 - 1 leg @ 10 in
3
#3 - 1 leg @ 12 in
STIRRUPS2, 3
Slab Thickness, in
3.5
#3 - 1 leg @ 14 in
4
#3 - 1 leg @ 16 in
NOTES:
1. Rebar requirements for corresponding reinforcement area can be found in Table 7.
2. Unless otherwise noted, place stirrups along full length of beam. Stirrups are not required if concrete is place monothic with joist and slab.
3. Use Fortruss Triple Chair Stirrup at same stirrup spacing, in lieu of #3 stirrups or ties.
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–19
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3.3 - table 5 - U.s.a.
(Refer to Table 2 for building use description and Table 7 for rebar requirements)
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the floor
drawing shown in the Notes section.
Vertical Loads:
Service live load: 60psf
Concentrated load: 0lb
Superimposed dead load: 10psf
Self weight of joist and slab included
1
A
D
Span, ft
23
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0 9
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.00
C
21
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0 9
0.79
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.20
S
18.25
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.79
0 9
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.20
1.58
1.58
S
17
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.79
0 9
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.20
1.58
-
U
12.5
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.20
1.58
-
R
12.25
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.20
-
T
9.875
0.31
0.31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.20
-
R
8.5
0.20
0.20
0.20
0 20
0.20
0.20
0.31
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0 79
0.79
1.00
1.20
-
O
Depth of slab
Depth of joist
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
F
2
1
REQUIRED MINIMUM AREA OF REINFORCEMENT , in^2
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION (Slab + Joist Depth), in
2.5 to 4
13.875
14.5
15.875
16.25
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0 31
0.31
0 31
0.31
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.31
0.31
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.60
0.60
1.00
0.79
0.79
0.79
1.00
0.79
0.79
0.79
1.20
1.00
0.79
0.79
1.58
1.200
1.00
1.00
58
00
00
1.58
1.20
1.00
1.00
1.58
1.20
1.20
1.58
1.58
1.58
1.58
-
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS (Floor Panel & Beam Form Type)
Beam Form
Standard
Type
Fig.1
C
Standard
Standard
Fig.2
Fig.3
A
B
Deep Thick Deep Thick
Bottom
Bottom
Fig.4
Fig.5
B
C
D
C
D
D
Deep
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Standard
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Deep
Fig.6
Fig.7
Fig.8
Fig.9
Fig.10
Fig.11
Fig.12
3
5
3
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION (Slab + Joist + Depth of Foam under Joist), in
6
Depth of foam
under joist
7
3
3
3
5
5
3
3
5
3
Slab thickness + Joist Depth + Depth of foam under joist
Ttl Flr Depth
W
A
A
Fig.#
B
R
5
A
D
4
Floor Panel
Type
I
3
#3 - 1 leg @ 12 in
S
2.5
#3 - 1 leg @ 10 in
STIRRUPS2, 3
Slab Thickness, in
3.5
#3 - 1 leg @ 14 in
4
#3 - 1 leg @ 16 in
NOTES:
1. Rebar requirements for corresponding reinforcement area can be found in Table 7.
2. Unless otherwise noted, place stirrups along full length of beam. Stirrups are not required if concrete is place monothic with joist and slab.
3. Use Fortruss Triple Chair Stirrup at same stirrup spacing, in lieu of #3 stirrups or ties.
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Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
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G
2.5
3
3.5
4
Option 1: #3 @ 12.5in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 15in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 17.5in. o/c e/w
Option 1: #3 @ 15.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 12.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 15in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 17.5in. o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 18in. o/c e/w
Option 3: 12x12 - W5 x W5: 0.05 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W6 x W6: 0.06 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W8 x W8: 0.08 in^2/ft Option 3: 12x12 - W9 x W9: 0.09 in^2/ft
N
SLAB REINFORCEMENT
Slab Thickness, in
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3.4 - table 6 - U.s.a.
(Refer to Table 2 for building use description and Table 7 for rebar requirements)
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the
floor drawing shown in the Notes section.
Vertical Loads:
Service live load: 50psf
Concentrated load: 2000lb
S
Superimposed
i
d ddeadd load:
l d 10psf
10 f
S lf weight
Self
i ht off jjoist
i t andd slab
l b iincluded
l d d
G
S
REQUIRED MINIMUM AREA OF REINFORCEMENT1, in^2
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION (Slab + Joist Depth),
Depth) in
1
Depth of
slab
Depth of
jjoist
3
R
U
S
S
C
A
Sp
pan
n, ftt
D
R
A
W
I
N
2
D
Beam Stirrups:
p 2
#3 - 1 leg @ 16 in (place stirrups along full length of beam)
No stirrups req'd if slab and joist poured monolithic
E
Exception:
ti
Sh d d regions
Shaded
i
require
i the
th following
f ll i stirrups:
ti
#3 - 1 leg
l @ 5 in
i o/c
/
Max no stirrup distance = 6 ft
Max.
Slab Reinforcement:
Option 1: #3 @ 15.5in o/c e/w
Option 2: #4 @ 18in o/c e/w
O ti 33: 12
Option
12x12
12 - W9 x W9:
W9 0.09
0 09 in^2/ft
i ^2/ft
Total
10
11
12
133
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
85
8.5
9 875
9.875
12 25
12.25
12 5
12.5
13 875
13.875
14 5
14.5
15 875
15.875
16 25
16.25
17
18 25
18.25
21
23
12.5
13.875
16.25
16.5
17.875
18.5
19.875
20.25
21
22.25
25
27
00.31
31
0 31
0.31
0.44
00.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0 60
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0 79
0.79
1.00
1.20
1.20
1.58
-
00.31
31
0 31
0.31
0.31
00.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0 60
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.20
1 58
1.58
1 58
1.58
-
00.31
31
0 31
0.31
0.31
00.31
3
0.44
0.44
0.44
0 44
0 44
0.44
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.79
0 79
0.79
1 00
1.00
1 20
1.20
1 20
1.20
1.58
-
00.31
31
0 31
0.31
0.31
00.31
3
0.44
0.44
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0.79
0 79
0.79
1 00
1.00
1 20
1.20
1 20
1.20
1.58
-
00.31
31
0 31
0.31
0.31
00.31
3
0.31
0.44
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
1 00
1.00
1 00
1.00
1.20
1.58
1.58
1.58
-
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0.44
00.44
0.44
0.44
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
1 00
1.00
1 00
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.20
1.58
-
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0.44
00.44
0.44
0.44
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
1 00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.58
1 58
1.58
-
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0.44
00.44
0.44
0.44
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.20
1.58
1 58
1.58
1 58
1.58
-
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0.44
00.44
0.44
0.44
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.20
1 20
1.20
1 58
1.58
1 58
1.58
-
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0.44
00.44
0.44
0.44
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1 20
1.20
1 20
1.20
1 58
1.58
1 58
1.58
1.58
-
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0.44
00.44
0.44
0.44
00.44
44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0 44
0.44
0.44
0.44
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0 79
0.79
0 79
0.79
0.79
0.79
1.00
1.00
1.00
1 00
1.00
1 00
1.00
1 20
1.20
1 20
1.20
1.20
1.58
1.58
00.60
60
0 60
0.60
0.60
00.60
60
0.60
0.60
00.60
60
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0 60
0.60
0 79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
0.79
1.00
1 00
1.00
1 00
1.00
1 00
1.00
1 20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
A
B
C
Standard
Standard
Fig.2
Fig.3
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS (Floor Panel & Beam Form Type)
Floor Panel
T
Type
5
Beam Form
Standard
Type
R
T
4
Fig.1
B
Deepp Thick Deepp Thick
Bottom
Bottom
Fig.4
Fig.5
A
B
C
D
C
D
D
Deep
Deep
Deepp Thick
Bottom
Standard
Deep
Deepp Thick
Bottom
Deep
Fig.6
Fig.7
Fig.8
Fig.9
Fig.10
Fig.11
Fig.12
O
Fig.#
A
F
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION (Slab + Joist + Depth of Foam under Joist), in
6
Depth
p of foam
under joist
3
3
3
5
5
3
3
5
3
3
5
3
7
Ttl Flr Depth
15 5
15.5
16 875
16.875
19 25
19.25
21 5
21.5
22 875
22.875
21 5
21.5
22 875
22.875
25 25
25.25
24
25 25
25.25
30
30
NOTES:
1 Rebar
1.
R b requirements
i
for
f corresponding
di reinforcement
i f
area can be
b found
f d in
i Table
T bl 7.
7
2 U
2.
Use Fortruss
F t
Triple
T i l Chair
Ch i Stirrups
Sti
att same stirrup
ti
spacing,
i in
i lieu
li off #3 stirrups
ti
or ties.
ti
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Fortruss. Performance
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
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PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3.5 - NOTES FOR SPAN TABLES - U.s.a.
F
O
R
T
R
U
1. It it the responsibility of the builder/owner to ensure any building projects using these span tables are reviewed
and approved by a local licensed engineer.
2. Tables developed, as per ACI 318-05. Live loads, as per IRC 2003.
3. Load Factors:
Dead load = 1.2
Live load = 1.6
4. Min. 28day concrete compressive strength, f`c = 3000psi
5. Steel yield strength, fy = 60ksi (60,000psi)
6. Min. concrete cover:
Beam = 1.5”
Slab = reinf. assumed centered in slab
7. Short term deflections considered. Deflection limits based on L/360
8. Does not include bent 90degree rebar for floor wall connection.
9. Concrete joist and slab to be poured monolithically, unless stirrups are used. Stirrups must extend at least mid
depth of slab thickness.
10. Where spaces contain ‘-’ consult a local engineer for site specific design.
11. Rebar requirments for corresponding required reinforcement area can be found in Table 7.
12. Add additional top steel over bearing walls. Minimum #4 @ 12” o/c, extend min. 24” beyond bearing wall.
13. Tables developed as simple spans. Longer spans than those limited in these tables can be achieved in multispan,
or single span, floor systems with the addition of shear and top steel reinforcement at beam ends (fixed end
connections).
S
S
C
Although the tables and drawings represented herein are believed to be accurate and conforming to current design
and construction practices, the tables and drawings should be used as a reference guide only. The user shall check
to ensure the drawing meets local building codes, design and construction practices by consulting local building
officials and professionals, including any additional requirements. Beaver Plastic reserves the right to make changes
to the tables and drawings without notice and assumes no liability in connection with the use of the tables and
drawings including modification, copying or distribution.
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
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October 2010
4.3.6 - SECTION PROPERTIES - U.s.a.
PRODUCT MANUAL
The section properties cross sectioal area, moment of inertia, and the centroid of the
section taken from bottom of beam are listed. The section is based on a T-beam consisting
of a 2 ft wide slab, as illustrated.
B
C
A
B
A
B
C
D
C
D
D
Standard
Standard
Deep
Thick
Bottom
Deep
Thick
Bottom
Deep
Deep
Deep
Thick
Bottom
Standard
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Deep
12.5
13.875
14.5
15.875
16.25
17
18.25
21
23
128.4
129.8
137.3
140.8
148.3
150.4
154.5
161.4
176.5
187.5
199.5
Slab
Thic
ckness, in
12.25
115.3
3
119.8
127.3
140.4
141.8
149.3
152.8
160.3
162.4
166.5
173.4
188.5
3.5
131.8
139.3
152.4
153.8
161.3
164.8
172.3
174.4
178.5
185.4
200.5
211.5
4
143.8
151.3
164.4
165.8
173.3
176.8
184.3
186.4
190.5
197.4
212.5
223.5
Slab
Thickness, in
Th
9.875
107.8
2.5
1108.3
1565.9
2605.4
2734.5
3516.2
3913.0
4881.6
5169.4
5776.2
6883.4
9765.2
12273.3
3
1272.9
1779.3
2923.6
3065.3
3922.0
4356.0
5413.4
5727.1
6388.0
7591.9
10716.1
13426.4
3.5
1448.5
2002.6
3248.9
3402.9
4332.1
4802.1
5945.4
6284.1
6997.3
8294.7
11653.2
14559.1
4
1637 7
1637.7
2238 9
2238.9
3585 2
3585.2
3751 1
3751.1
4751 1
4751.1
5256 1
5256.1
6483 0
6483.0
6846 1
6846.1
7610 1
7610.1
8998 3
8998.3
12584 3
12584.3
15680 2
15680.2
Slab
Thickness, in
R
D
CROSS SECTIONAL AREA, in^2
2.5
2.5
7.35
8.20
9.62
9.76
10.56
10.92
11.71
11.92
12.34
13.04
14.55
15.64
3
7.74
8.61
10.08
10.23
11.05
11.42
12.22
12.44
12.87
13.59
15.14
16.25
3.5
8.11
9.00
10.50
10.66
11.50
11.88
12.70
12.93
13.37
14.10
15.68
16.82
4
8.45
9.37
10.91
11.06
11.93
12.31
13.15
13.38
13.83
14.58
16.19
17.35
MOMENT OF INERTIA, in^4
A
W
I
N
G
S
Floor
A
Panel
Type
Beam
Form Standard
Type
Depth of
8.5
beam
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
Y bottom, in
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R2010
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.3.7 - table 7: steel reinforcement
information – USA
S
C
A
D
D
NOTES:
1. ‘*’ denotes bundled bars, as per ACI 318-05.
2. ‘-’ denotes not applicable for the given bar size.
S
#9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2*
2*
2*
U
#8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
3*
R
#7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3*
4*
T
#5
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
3*
3*
4*
4*
-
R
#4
1
1
2
2
2
3*
3*
4*
4*
-
O
0.11
0.20
0.22
0.31
0.40
0.44
0.60
0.62
0.79
0.88
1.00
1.20
1.58
2.00
#3
1
2
2
3*
4*
4*
-
Bar Size
#6
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
3*
3*
4*
-
F
Steel Area, in^2
The following table is provided to aide in determining the rebar requirements from the span tables. The table
lists the area of steel, in the left-hand column, followed by the corresponding bar sizes and number of bars
required to meet the area of steel.
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
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October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.4 - SPAN TABLES – canada
The following span tables are grouped into loading conditions suitable for certain building
use, and are based on the loads provided in Table 4.1.5.3 of the National Building Code
Table 8: bUILDING USE FOR SPAN TABLES
G
S
of Canada 2005.
I
N
Table 9
Table 10
Liive Load, kPa (psf)
1.4 (29)
1.9 (40)
A
W
Table 11
Table 12
4.8 (100)
2.4 + 11kN point load
Building Use
Attics
Residential areas including sleeping
and living quarters
Assembly areas including exterior
balconies, storage areas
Passenger vehicle garages
D
R
(50 + 2473 lb)
Slab thicknesses for the span tables include 2.5, 3, 3.5 and 4 inches. Due to the heavier
C
S
S
various span and loading conditions. The span tables are gouped into the following
categories:
T
The span tables provide minimum area of reinforcement for the bottom beam steel for
• D
epth of Concrete Section - main span table listing area of reinforcement for
R
USING THE SPAN TABLES
bottom beam (or joist) steel for various concrete beam sizes, span and loading
O
inch slabs.
U
loading conditions, the table for passenger vehicle garages, Table 12, only considers 4
R
A
D
Dead loads are based on self weight plus a superimposed dead load of 0.48 kPa (10 psf).
conditions
F
• Fortruss Corresponding Components - lists Floor Panel and Beam Form types
requried for given Depth of Concrete Section.
• D
epth of Floor Section - lists the total Fortruss floor depth (Depth of Concrete
Section plus the thickness of foam below the concrete joist).
• Slab Reinforcement - lists the slab reinforcement for the given slab thickness.
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
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PRODUCT MANUAL
4.4 - span tables – canada CONTINUED
• Stirrups - lists the stirrup requirements for the given slab thickness. The stirrups
act as ties required to make the slab and joist integral. Unless otherwise noted,
the stirrups are not required if the slab and joist are poured monolithically.
For estimating the Fortruss
O
components, concrete and reinforcement see Section 5.
F
Section properties are also provided in Section 4.4.6.
R
The combination of Floor Panel and Beam Form sizes offer 12 different possible floor sizes,
as shown in Table 1, and depicted in Figures 1 to 12. The span tables list the spans in the
T
far left column. The remaining column headings contain the joist depth resulting from
R
the 12 Fortruss floor sizes, with the smallest size starting from the left, and increasing to
U
the right. This offers the user the flexibility to choose the most suitable beam size.
S
S
To use the span tables, see the example provided in Section 4.3, Span Tables - U.S.A
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
4.4.1 - table 9 – canada
PRODUCT MANUAL
(Refer to Table 8 for building use description and Table 13 for rebar requirements)
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the
floor drawing shown in the Notes section.
Vertical Loads:
Service live load: 1.4kPa (29 psf)
Concentrated load: 0kN (0 lb)
Superimposed dead load: 0.48kPa (10 psf)
Self weight of joist and slab included
Depth of joist
3.048 (10)
3 353 (11)
3.353
3.658 (12)
3.962 (13)
4.267 (14)
4.572 (15)
4.877 (16)
5.182 (17)
5.486 (18)
5.791 (19)
6.096 (20)
6.401 (21)
6.706 (22)
7.01 (23)
7.315 (24)
7.62 (25)
7.925 (26)
8.23 (27)
8.534 (28)
8.839 (29)
9.144 (30)
9.449 ((31))
9.754 (32)
10.058 (33)
10.363 (34)
10.668 (35)
10.973 (36)
11.278 (37)
11.582 (38)
11.887 (39)
12.192 (40)
R
A
W
I
N
G
2
64 to 102 (2.5 to 4)
215.9
(8.5)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
700
1000
-
250.825
(9.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
700
1000
-
311.15
(12.25)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
-
317.5
(12.5)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
1000
-
S
C
A
D
D
Depth of slab
Span, m (ft)
S
1
REQUIRED MINIMUM AREA OF REINFORCEMENT1, mm^2
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION (Slab + Joist Depth), mm (in)
5
Beam Form
Standard
Type
U
S
Floor Panel
Type
A
B
C
Standard
Standard
Fig.1
Fig.2
Fig.3
6
Depth of foam
under joist
76.2
(3)
76.2
(3)
7
Ttl Flr Depth
76.2
(3)
R
Fig.#
A
B
Deep Thick Deep Thick
Bottom
Bottom
Fig.4
Fig.5
403.225
(15.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
1000
-
412.75
(16.25)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
1000
1000
431.8
(17)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
1000
463.55
(18.25)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
533.4
(21)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
584.2
(23)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
A
B
C
D
C
D
D
Deep
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Standard
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Deep
Fig.6
Fig.7
Fig.8
Fig.9
Fig.10
Fig.11
Fig.12
127
(5)
76.2
(3)
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION (Slab + Beam + Depth of Foam under Beam), mm (in)
127
127
76.2
76.2
127
76.2
76.2
(5)
(5)
(3)
(3)
(5)
(3)
(3)
Slab thickness + Joist Depth + Depth of foam under beam
SLAB REINFORCEMENT
Slab Thickness, mm (in)
2.5
3
Option 1: 10M @ 309 (12in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 102 X 102 MW 13.3 X MW 13.3
Option 1: 10M @ 373 (14in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 152 X 152 MW 25.8 X MW 25.8
F
O
368.3
(14.5)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
1000
-
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS (Fl
(Floor P
Panell & B
Beam Form
F
Type)
T )
4
R
T
352.425
(13.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
1000
-
64 (2.5)
10M @ 254
76 (3)
10M @ 304
3.5
4
Option 1: 10M @ 436 (17in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 51 X 51 MW 9.1 X MW 9.1
Option 1: 10M @ 487 (19in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 152 X 152 MW 34.9 X MW 34.9
STIRRUPS2, 3
Slab Thickness, mm (in)
89 (3.5)
10M @ 355
102 (4)
10M @ 406
NOTES:
1. Rebar requirements for corresponding reinforcement area can be found in Table 13.
2. Unless otherwise noted, place stirrups along full length of beam. Stirrups are not required if concrete is place monothic with joist and slab.
3. Use Fortruss Triple Chair Stirrups at same stirrup spacing, in lieu of 10M stirrups or ties.
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–27
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
4.4.2 - table 10 – canada
PRODUCT MANUAL
(Refer to Table 8 for building use description and Table 13 for rebar requirements)
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the
floor drawing shown in the Notes section.
Vertical Loads:
Service live load: 1.9kPa (40 psf)
Concentrated load: 0kN (0 lb)
Superimposed dead load: 0.48kPa (10 psf)
Self weight of joist and slab included
1
REQUIRED MINIMUM AREA OF REINFORCEMENT1, mm^2
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION (Slab + Joist Depth), mm (in)
Span, m (ft)
584.2
(23)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
C
D
D
Deep
D
533.4
(21)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS (Fl
(Floor P
Panell & B
Beam Form
F
Type)
T )
5
Beam Form
Standard
Type
A
B
C
A
Standard
Standard
Fig.2
Fig.3
6
Depth of foam
under joist
76.2
(3)
76.2
(3)
7
Ttl Flr Depth
76.2
(3)
Fig.4
Fig.5
B
C
Deep
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
D
Standard
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Fig.6
Fig.7
Fig.8
Fig.9
Fig.10
Fig.11
Fig.12
127
(5)
76.2
(3)
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION (Slab + Beam + Depth of Foam under Beam), mm (in)
127
127
76.2
76.2
127
76.2
76.2
(5)
(5)
(3)
(3)
(5)
(3)
(3)
Slab thickness + Joist Depth + Depth of foam under beam
3
Option 1: 10M @ 373 (14in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 152 X 152 MW 25.8 X MW 25.8
3.5
4
Option 1: 10M @ 436 (17in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 51 X 51 MW 9.1 X MW 9.1
Option 1: 10M @ 487 (19in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 152 X 152 MW 34.9 X MW 34.9
64 (2.5)
10M @ 254
76 (3)
10M @ 304
S
2, 3
STIRRUPS
Slab Thickness, mm (in)
89 (3.5)
10M @ 355
102 (4)
10M @ 406
NOTES:
1. Rebar requirements for corresponding reinforcement area can be found in Table 13.
2. Unless otherwise noted, place stirrups along full length of beam. Stirrups are not required if concrete is place monothic with joist and slab.
3. Use Fortruss Triple Chair Stirrups at same stirrup spacing, in lieu of 10M stirrups or ties.
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–28
G
2.5
Option 1: 10M @ 309 (12in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 102 X 102 MW 13.3 X MW 13.3
N
SLAB REINFORCEMENT
Slab Thickness, mm (in)
I
Fig.1
A
W
Fig.#
B
Deep Thick Deep Thick
Bottom
Bottom
A
Floor Panel
Type
R
4
D
463.55
(18.25)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
1000
A
431.8
(17)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
1000
1000
1000
C
412.75
(16.25)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
1000
1000
-
S
403.225
(15.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
1000
1000
-
S
368.3
(14.5)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
1000
-
U
352.425
(13.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
1000
-
R
317.5
(12.5)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
1000
1000
-
T
3.048 (10)
3 353 (11)
3.353
3.658 (12)
3.962 (13)
4.267 (14)
4.572 (15)
4.877 (16)
5.182 (17)
5.486 (18)
5.791 (19)
6.096 (20)
6.401 (21)
6.706 (22)
7.01 (23)
7.315 (24)
7.62 (25)
7.925 (26)
8.23 (27)
8.534 (28)
8.839 (29)
9.144 (30)
9.449 ((31))
9.754 (32)
10.058 (33)
10.363 (34)
10.668 (35)
10.973 (36)
11.278 (37)
11.582 (38)
11.887 (39)
12.192 (40)
311.15
(12.25)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
-
R
Depth of joist
250.825
(9.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
700
700
-
O
2
64 to 102 (2.5 to 4)
215.9
(8.5)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
700
1000
-
F
Depth of slab
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
4.4.3 - table 11 – canada
PRODUCT MANUAL
(Refer to Table 8 for building use description and Table 13 for rebar requirements)
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the
floor drawing shown in the Notes section.
Vertical Loads:
Service live load: 4.8kPa (100 psf)
Concentrated load: 0kN (0 lb)
Superimposed dead load: 0.48kPa (10 psf)
Self weight of joist and slab included
Depth of joist
3.048 (10)
3 353 (11)
3.353
3.658 (12)
3.962 (13)
4.267 (14)
4.572 (15)
4.877 (16)
5.182 (17)
5.486 (18)
5.791 (19)
6.096 (20)
6.401 (21)
6.706 (22)
7.01 (23)
7.315 (24)
7.62 (25)
7.925 (26)
8.23 (27)
8.534 (28)
8.839 (29)
9.144 (30)
9.449 ((31))
9.754 (32)
10.058 (33)
10.363 (34)
10.668 (35)
10.973 (36)
11.278 (37)
11.582 (38)
11.887 (39)
12.192 (40)
R
A
W
I
N
G
2
64 to 102 (2.5 to 4)
215.9
(8.5)
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
700
#NUM!
250.825
(9.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
700
700
-
311.15
(12.25)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
-
317.5
(12.5)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
-
S
C
A
D
D
Depth of slab
Span, m (ft)
S
1
REQUIRED MINIMUM AREA OF REINFORCEMENT1, mm^2
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION (Slab + Joist Depth), mm (in)
5
Beam Form
Standard
Type
U
S
Floor Panel
Type
A
B
C
Standard
Fig.1
Fig.2
Fig.3
6
Depth of foam
under joist
76.2
(3)
76.2
(3)
7
Ttl Flr Depth
76.2
(3)
R
A
Standard
Fig.#
O
368.3
(14.5)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
1000
-
403.225
(15.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
1000
-
412.75
(16.25)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
-
431.8
(17)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
-
463.55
(18.25)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
-
533.4
(21)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
1000
1000
584.2
(23)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
1000
C
D
D
Deep
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS (Fl
(Floor P
Panell & B
Beam Form
F
Type)
T )
4
B
Deep Thick Deep Thick
Bottom
Bottom
Fig.4
Fig.5
A
B
C
Deep
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
D
Standard
Deep
Deep Thick
Bottom
Fig.6
Fig.7
Fig.8
Fig.9
Fig.10
Fig.11
Fig.12
127
(5)
76.2
(3)
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION (Slab + Beam + Depth of Foam under Beam), mm (in)
127
127
76.2
76.2
127
76.2
76.2
(5)
(5)
(3)
(3)
(5)
(3)
(3)
Slab thickness + Joist Depth + Depth of foam under beam
R
T
352.425
(13.875)
200
200
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
1000
-
SLAB REINFORCEMENT
Slab Thickness, mm (in)
2.5
3
Option 1: 10M @ 309 (12in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 102 X 102 MW 13.3 X MW 13.3
Option 1: 10M @ 373 (14in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 152 X 152 MW 25.8 X MW 25.8
3.5
4
Option 1: 10M @ 436 (17in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 51 X 51 MW 9.1 X MW 9.1
Option 1: 10M @ 487 (19in) o/c e/w
Option 2: 152 X 152 MW 34.9 X MW 34.9
F
2, 3
64 (2.5)
10M @ 254
76 (3)
10M @ 304
STIRRUPS
Slab Thickness, mm (in)
89 (3.5)
10M @ 355
102 (4)
10M @ 406
NOTES:
1. Rebar requirements for corresponding reinforcement area can be found in Table 13.
2. Unless otherwise noted, place stirrups along full length of beam. Stirrups are not required if concrete is place monothic with joist and slab.
3. Use Fortruss Triple Chair Stirrups at same stirrup spacing, in lieu of 10M stirrups or ties.
www.beaverplastics.com
Fortruss. Performance
forming with EPS
R2010
4–29
PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
October 2010
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.4.4 - table 12 – canada
(Refer to Table 8 for building use description and Table 13 for rebar requirements)
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the
floor drawing shown in the Notes section.
Loads:
Service live load: 2.4kPa (50 psf)
Concentrated load: 11kN (2473 lb)
S
Superimposed
i
d dead
d d load:
l d 0.48kPa
0 48kP (10 psf)
f)
S lf weight
Self
i ht off jjoist
i t andd slab
l b iincluded
l d d
3
Total
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
Beam Form
Standard
Type
S
5
S
C
Floor Panel
Type
101.66
101
(4)
584.2
(23)
( )
685.8
(27)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
U
B
4
101.66
101
(4)
533.4
(21)
( )
635
(25)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
R
A
3.048 (10)
3 353 (11)
3.353
3 658 (12)
3.658
3 962 (13)
3.962
4 267 (14)
4.267
4.572 (15)
4.877 (16)
5.182 ((17))
5.486 (18)
5.791 (19)
6 096 (20)
6.096
6 401 (21)
6.401
6 706 (22)
6.706
7.01 (23)
7.315 (24)
7.62 ((25))
7.925 ((26))
8.23 (27)
8 534 (28)
8.534
8 839 (29)
8.839
9 144 (30)
9.144
9 449 (31)
9.449
9.754 (32)
10.058 (33)
10.363 ((34))
10.668 ((35))
10.973 (36)
11.278 ((37))
11 582 (38)
11.582
11 887 (39)
11.887
12 192 (40)
12.192
101.66
101
(4)
463.55
(18.25)
(
)
565.15
(22.25)
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
-
T
101.66
101
(4)
311.15
(12.25)
(
)
412.75
(16.25)
200
200
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
1000
-
Sp
pan
n, m (ft)
t)
Depth of joist
101.66
101
(4)
250.825
(9.875)
(
)
352.425
(13.875)
200
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
1000
1000
-
R
2
101.66
101
(4)
215.9
((8.5))
317.5
(12.5)
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
1000
1000
-
O
Depth of slab
REQUIRED MINIMUM AREA OF REINFORCEMENT1, in^2
DEPTH OF CONCRETE SECTION (Slab + Joist Depth),
Depth) mm (in)
101 6
101.6
101 6
101.6
101 6
101.6
101 6
101.6
101 6
101.6
101 6
101.6
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
(4)
317.5
352.425
368.3
403.225
412.75
431.8
(12.5)
(
)
(13.875)
(
)
(14.5)
(
)
(15.875)
(
)
(16.25)
(
)
(17)
( )
419.1
454.025
469.9
504.825
514.35
533.4
(16.5)
(17.875)
(18.5)
(19.875)
(20.25)
(21)
200
200
200
200
200
300
200
200
200
200
200
300
200
200
200
200
200
300
300
300
200
200
200
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
300
500
300
300
300
300
300
500
500
300
300
300
300
500
500
500
500
300
300
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
700
500
500
500
500
500
700
700
700
500
500
500
700
700
700
700
700
500
700
700
700
700
700
700
1000
700
700
700
700
700
1000
700
700
700
700
700
1000
1000
700
700
700
1000
1000
700
700
700
1000
1000
1000
700
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
-
F
1
Beam Stirrups:
p 2
10M @ 406 (place stirrups along full length of beam)
No stirrups req'd if slab and joist poured monolithic
E
Exception:
ti
Sh d d regions
Shaded
i require
i the
th following
f ll i stirrups:
ti
10M - 1 leg
l @ 114 (4.5
(4 5 in)
i ) o/c
/
Max no stirrup distance = 1524 (60 in)
Max.
Slab Reinforcement:
Option 1:
10M @ 487 (19in) o/c e/w
Option 2:
152 X 152 MW 34.9 X MW 34.9
FORTRUSS CORRESPONDING COMPONENTS (Floor Panel & Beam Form Type)
Fig.3
76.22
76
(3)
393 7
393.7
(15 5)
(15.5)
76.22
76
(3)
428 625
428.625
(16 875)
(16.875)
76.22
76
(3)
488 95
488.95
(19 25)
(19.25)
Fig.4
Fig.5
C
D
C
D
D
Deepp
Deepp
Deep Thick
Bottom
Standard
Deepp
Deep Thick
Bottom
Deepp
Fig.6
Fig.7
Fig.8
Fig.9
Fig.10
Fig.11
Fig.12
127
(5)
762
(30)
76.22
76
(3)
762
(30)
S
Ttl Flr Depth
Fig.2
B
G
7
Fig.1
Deep Thick Deep Thick
Bottom
Bottom
A
DEPTH OF FLOOR SECTION (Slab
(Sl b + Joist
J i t+D
Depth
th off Foam
F
under
d Beam),
B
) mm (in)
(i )
127
127
76 2
76.2
76 2
76.2
127
76 2
76.2
76 2
76.2
(5)
(5)
(3)
(3)
(5)
(3)
(3)
546 1
546.1
581 025
581.025
546 1
546.1
581 025
581.025
641 35
641.35
609 6
609.6
641.35
641
35
(21 5)
(21.5)
(22 875)
(22.875)
(21 5)
(21.5)
(22 875)
(22.875)
(25 25)
(25.25)
(24)
(25 25)
(25.25)
NOTES:
1. Rebar requirements for corresponding reinforcement area can be found in Table 13.
2. Use Fortruss Triple Chair Stirrups at same stirrup spacing, in lieu of 10M stirrups or ties.
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N
6
Depth of foam
under joist
Standard Standard
B
I
Fig.#
A
PRODUCT MANUAL
4.4.5 - NOTES FOR SPAN TABLES – canada
1. It is the responsibility of the builder/owner to ensure any building projects using these span tables are reviewed
and approved by a local licensed engineer.
2. Tables developed, as per CSA A23.2-04. Live loads, as per NBCC 2005.
3. Load Factors:
Dead load = 1.25
Live load = 1.5
4. Min. 28day concrete compressive strength, f`c = 25 MPa
5. Steel yield strength, fy = 400 MPa
6. Min. concrete cover:
Beam = 30mm
Slab = reinf. assumed centered in slab
7. Short term deflections considered. Deflection limits based on L/360
8. Does not include bent 90degree rebar for floor wall connection.
9. Concrete joist and slab to be poured monolithically, unless stirrups are used. Stirrups must extend at least mid
depth of slab thickness.
10. Does not include bent 90degree rebar for floor wall connection.
11. Where spaces contain ‘-’ consult a local engineer for site specific design.
12. Add additional top steel over bearing walls. Minimum 10M @ 305 (12”) o/c, extend min. 610 (24”) beyond
bearing wall.
13. Tables developed as simple spans. Longer spans than those limited in these tables can be achieved in multispan,
or single span, floor systems with the addition of shear and top steel reinforcement at beam ends (fixed end
connections).
Although the tables and drawings represented herein are believed to be accurate and conforming to current design
and construction practices, the tables and drawings should be used as a reference guide only. The user shall check
to ensure the drawing meets local building codes, design and construction practices by consulting local building
officials and professionals, including any additional requirements. Beaver Plastic reserves the right to make changes
to the tables and drawings without notice and assumes no liability in connection with the use of the tables and
drawings including modification, copying or distribution.
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
NOTE: Span tables are to be used in conjunction with the Notes located at end of span tables. Circled numbers reference the floor
drawing shown in the Notes section.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
4.4.6 - SECTION PROPERTIES – canada
The section properties cross sectioal area, moment of inertia, and the centroid of the
section taken from bottom of beam are listed. The section is based on a T-beam consisting
of a 610 mm (2 ft) wide slab, as illustrated.
B
C
A
B
A
B
C
D
C
D
D
Standard
Standard
Standard
Deep
Thick
Bottom
Deep
Thick
Bottom
Deep
Deep
Deep
Thick
Bottom
Standard
Deep
Deep
Thick
Bottom
Deep
9.875
12.25
12.5
13.875
14.5
15.875
16.25
17
18.25
21
23
8.5
76
7.73E+04
8.21E+04 9.06E+04 9.15E+04 9.63E+04 9.85E+04 1.03E+05 1.05E+05 1.07E+05 1.12E+05 1.22E+05 1.29E+05
89
8.50E+04
8.99E+04 9.83E+04 9.92E+04 1.04E+05 1.06E+05 1.11E+05 1.12E+05 1.15E+05 1.20E+05 1.29E+05 1.36E+05
102
9.27E+04
9.76E+04 1.06E+05 1.07E+05 1.12E+05 1.14E+05 1.19E+05 1.20E+05 1.23E+05 1.27E+05 1.37E+05 1.44E+05
64
4.61E+08
6.52E+08 1.08E+09 1.14E+09 1.46E+09 1.63E+09 2.03E+09 2.15E+09 2.40E+09 2.87E+09 4.06E+09 5.11E+09
76
5.30E+08
7.41E+08 1.22E+09 1.28E+09 1.63E+09 1.81E+09 2.25E+09 2.38E+09 2.66E+09 3.16E+09 4.46E+09 5.59E+09
89
6.03E+08
8.34E+08 1.35E+09 1.42E+09 1.80E+09 2.00E+09 2.47E+09 2.62E+09 2.91E+09 3.45E+09 4.85E+09 6.06E+09
102
6.82E+08
9.32E+08 1.49E+09 1.56E+09 1.98E+09 2.19E+09 2.70E+09 2.85E+09 3.17E+09 3.75E+09 5.24E+09 6.53E+09
64
186.66
208.20
244.27
248.00
268.31
277.43
297.32
302.70
313.42
331.14
369.62
397.24
76
196.59
218.80
255.96
259.80
280.68
290.06
310.48
316.00
326.98
345.14
384.49
412.69
89
205.87
228.67
266.81
270.74
292.16
301.77
322.69
328.34
339.58
358.15
398.35
427.11
102
214.66
237.98
277.00
281.03
302.93
312.75
334.13
339.91
351.39
370.35
411.35
440.65
U
7.44E+04 8.28E+04 8.37E+04 8.86E+04 9.08E+04 9.57E+04 9.70E+04 9.97E+04 1.04E+05 1.14E+05 1.21E+05
S
S
Slab
Thickness,
mm
MOMENT OF INERTIA, mm^4
C
Y bottom, mm
A
D
Slab
Thickness,
mm
R
6.95E+04
T
64
R
A
O
Slab
Thickness,
mm
CROSS SECTIONAL AREA, mm^2
F
Floor
Panel
Type
Beam
Form
Type
Depth of
beam
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
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PRODUCT MANUAL
4.4.7 - table 13: steel reinforcement
information – canada
The following table is provided to aide in determining the rebar requirements from the span tables. The table
lists the area of steel, in the left-hand column, followed by the corresponding bar sizes and number of bars
required to meet the area of steel.
15M
1
1
300
3*
2*
1
1
1
1
-
3*
4*
-
2*
3*
4*
1
2*
2*
1
1
-
1
1
1
mm^2
Steel Area,
500
700
1000
-
30M
1
1
35M
1
1
NOTES:
1. ‘*’ denotes bundled bars, as per ACI 318-05.
2. ‘-’ denotes not applicable for the given bar size.
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
100
200
10M
1
2
Bar Size
20M
25M
1
1
1
1
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PRODUCT MANUAL
5.0 – ESTIMATING
TABLE OF CONTENTS
5.1 - ESTIMATING ..................................................... P. 5-3
S
5.1.2 - coNcrETE VolUME ............................... P. 5-5
G
5.1.1 - Floor coMPoNENTS ............................ P. 5-4
5.1.3 - SlAb rEINForcEMENT ........................... P. 5-6
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
5.1.4 - bEAM rEINForcEMENT ......................... P. 5-7
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DISCLAIMER
by using the ForTrUSS Product Manual, in part or in whole, the user accepts
the following terms and conditions.
The ForTrUSS Product Manual shall be used for the sole purpose of
estimating, design or construction of the ForTrUSS System used in
residential, commercial or industrial structures.
The information represented herein is to be used as a reference guide only.
The user shall check to ensure the information provided in this manual,
including updates and amendments, meets local building codes and
construction practices by consulting local building officials, construction and
design professionals, including any additional requirements.
beaver Plastics ltd. reserves the right to make changes to the information
provided herein without notice and assumes no liability in connection with
the use of this manual including modification, copying or distribution.
The user shall check to ensure that any construction projects utilizing the
ForTrUSS Product Manual includes the latest updates/amendments (related
to the version of the ForTrUSS Product Manual being used at the time of
the construction project). contact your local Fortruss representative for
updates/amendments to the ForTrUSS Product Manual.
PRODUCT MANUAL
5.1 - ESTIMATING
A methodology for calculating estimates of the Fortruss components, concrete and
reinforcement are provided. The estimates are determined based on the square
S
estimates. This section includes a 2 feet wide by 1 ft long concrete slab and a 1 ft long
concrete beam section. Since the spacing of the beams are at 2 feet on center. This
I
results in quantities only within this area (or quantities per unit area). Multiplying the
quantity determined per unit area by the total floor area yields the total estimate.
F
O
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
becomes 2 feet wide by 1 feet long - 2ft2. Determining quantities within this unit area
W
section also includes one full width of Floor Panel, and beam Form. The unit area then
A
N
The unit section of floor area 2 feet wide and 1 ft long is used to determine the
G
footage of the floor area that Fortruss will be built on.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
5.1.1 - FLOOR COMPONENTS
To estimate the total length of Floor Panels and beam Forms:
STEP 1: Determine the square footage of floor, (A)
F
STEP 2: To estimate total length, in feet, of Floor Panel, (B):
O
(B) = 0.50 x (A)
R
T
STEP 3: To estimate total length, in feet, of beam Forms, (C):
R
(C) = 0.50 x (A)
U
Make sure the units used for (A) are in feet squared.
S
S
The above formula is derived below.
For a unit length of span (ie, 1 ft) there is a 1 ft length of Form Panel and
C
beam Form.
A
D
A 2 ft beam spacing provides one whole section of Floor Panel and beam
Form. Therefore, for every 1 ft length of span the floor area
D
= 2 ft2 (2 ft x 1 ft). or (1 ft length) / (2 ft2) = 0.5 ft/ft2
Multiplying 0.5 ft/ft2 by the floor area will give the total length of Floor
R
(0.5 ft of Floor Panel or beam Form for every square foot of area)
A
Panel or beam Forms.
W
I
N
G
S
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PRODUCT MANUAL
5.1.2 - CONCRETE VOLUME
To calculate the total volume:
STEP 2: Determine slab thickness, in inches, (D).
STEP 3: Determine concrete beam depth, in inches, (E).
STEP 4: Estimate the slab volume, in cubic feet (F).
(F) = (24 in x 12 in) x (D) / 1728
STEP 5: Estimate the concrete beam volume, in cubic feet (G).
(G) = (5.5 in x 12 in) x (E) / 1728
STEP 6: Estimate total volume of the slab, (H),by multiply by the floor area (A)
(H) = (G) x (A)
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
STEP 1: Determine square footage of floor area, (A).
S
or seperately following the above step. The total volume will be in cubic feet.
S
Estimating the total volume of the slab and concrete beam can be done together
To convert to cubic yard divide (H) by 27. To convert to cubic metres multiply (H)
F
O
R
T
R
U
by 0.0283.
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PRODUCT MANUAL
5.1.3 - SLAB REINFORCEMENT
The span tables in Section 4 lis t the slab reinforcement. For builder/designer
preference and availability, two or three different options are provided for slab
reinforcement. In this example, the options are:
To calculate the total longitudinal reinforcement (slab reinforcement parallel to
F
beams):
O
R
STEP 1: Determine square footage of floor area, (A).
T
R
STEP 2: Determine bar spacing, in inches, (I).
U
S
STEP 3: Determine number of longitudinal bars per unit area (2 ft2), (J).
S
(J) = 24 in / (I)
C
STEP 4: Estimate the length per unit area of 2 ft2, (k)
A
(k) = (J) X 1 ft. (k) will be units of feet.
D
STEP 5: Estimate the total length, (L), by multiplying by the floor area, (A)
D
(L) = (k) X (A)
R
The total length will be in units of feet.
A
W
To estimate the total length of rebar in the transvers direction (slab reinforcement
normal to beam span) follow Step 1, 2 and 5. In Step 3 replace 24 inches with 12 inches.
I
And in Step 4 replace 1 ft with 2ft.
N
G
S
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PRODUCT MANUAL
5.1.4 - BEAM REINFORCEMENT
The total length of longitudinal beam reinforcement will be the same as the total
length of beam Forms estimated in Section 5.1.1.
STEP 2: To estimate total length, in feet, of reinforcement, (M):
(M) = 0.50 x (A)
I
N
G
S
STEP 1: Determine the square footage of floor, (A)
W
If there are more than one longitudinal bar in the beams multiply (M) by the
R
STIrrUPS
D
A
number of bars in a beam.
Stirrup spacing = 16 in (from span table)
Number of stirrups per unit length of span of 1 ft (12 in):
A
D
(12 in) / (16 in) = 0.75 stirrups
Therefore, based on a total length of beam = 250 ft:
S
To estimate the total number of stirrups:
STEP 1: Determine the square footage of floor, (A)
T
R
U
STIRRUPS
S
C
0.75 stirrups x 250 ft = 188 stirrups
STEP 3: Determine the number of stirrups per unit length of beam (1 ft), (O)
(O) = 12 in / (N)
F
O
R
STEP 2: Determine the stirrup spacing, (N)
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PRODUCT MANUAL
5.1.4 - BEAM REINFORCEMENT CONTINUED
STEP 4: To estimate the total number of stirrups in a beam, (P), multiply by the length
of stirrup reqion, (q), required in the beam.
(P) = (q) x (N)
F
NOTES: rebar estimates do not include provisions for splices and should be considered
O
when estimating rebar.
R
T
R
U
S
S
C
A
D
D
R
A
W
I
N
G
S
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PERFORMANCE FORMING WITH EPS
RESI DEN TIAL CO M M ERCIAL
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Fortruss Performance Value:
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