Tascam | RC-898 | User's Manual | Tascam RC-898 User's Manual

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RC-898
Remote Control Unit
OWNER’S MANUAL
D00376100A
For U.S.A
TO THE USER
This equipment has been tested and found to
comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment
is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may
cause
harmful
interference
to
radio
communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residental area is
likely to cause harmful interference in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference
at his own expense.
CAUTION
Changes or modifications to this equipment not
expressly approved by TEAC CORPORATION for
compliance could void the user's authority to
operate this equipment.
i – 1.00
For the consumers in Europe
WARNING
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment, this
product may cause radio interference in which case the
user may be required to take adequate measures.
Pour les utilisateurs en Europe
AVERTISSEMENT
Il s'agit d'un produit de Classe A. Dans un environnement
domestique, cet appareil peut provoquer des interférences
radio, dans ce cas l'utilisateur peut être amené à prendre
des mesures appropriées.
Für Kunden in Europa
Warnung
Dies is eine Einrichtung, welche die Funk-Entstörung nach
Klasse A besitzt. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich
Funkstörungen versursachen ; in diesem Fall kann vom
Betrieber verlang werden, angemessene Maßnahmen
durchzuführen und dafür aufzukommen.
Table of Contents
1 –Introduction
1.1 Key features .............................................. 1-1
1.2 Unpacking ................................................. 1-1
1.3 About this manual .................................... 1-1
1.4 Precautions and recommendations........ 1-2
1.4.1 Environmental conditions ............................ 1-2
1.4.2 Battery backup .......................................... 1-2
1.4.3 Digital audio cables .................................... 1-2
1.4.4 Reference clock in a digital studio ................ 1-3
1.5 Accessories............................................... 1-3
2 –RC-898 features
2.1 Front panel ................................................ 2-2
[1] REC FUNCTION keys ...................................... 2-2
[2] INPUT MONITOR keys ..................................... 2-2
[3] ALL SAFE key ............................................... 2-2
[4] ALL INPUT key and indicator ........................... 2-2
[5] AUTO MON key and indicator ........................... 2-2
[6] CLOCK indicators (INT, WORD and VIDEO) ........ 2-2
[7] TC indicators (24, 25, 29, 30, DF) ....................... 2-2
[8] MACHINE number indicators (1 through 6, E1, E2) 2-3
[9] LOCK STATUS indicators ................................ 2-3
[10] OFFSET, PULL UP/DN, CONFIDENCE, DELAY,
TC REC, VARI indicators ................................... 2-3
[11] LCD display screen ...................................... 2-3
[12] Time Mode indicators .................................... 2-3
[13] TAPE TIME display ....................................... 2-3
[14] MEMORY NO. display .................................... 2-3
[15] LOCATE TIME/VALUE display ........................ 2-3
[16] Numeric keypad ........................................... 2-3
[17] STR key ...................................................... 2-3
[18] RCL key ...................................................... 2-3
[19] CANCEL key ................................................ 2-3
[20] ENTER/LOAD key ......................................... 2-4
[21] PRESET key ................................................ 2-4
[22] F1 through F10 function keys ......................... 2-4
[23] SHIFT key ................................................... 2-4
[24] ESCAPE key ................................................ 2-4
[25] Cursor keys................................................. 2-4
[26] SELECT key ................................................ 2-4
[27] DATA INC/DEC key and indicator .................... 2-4
[28] JOG dial and SHUTTLE wheel......................... 2-4
[29] CAPTURE key .............................................. 2-4
[30] REPEAT key and indicator ............................. 2-4
[31] MACHINE key .............................................. 2-4
[32] CHASE key.................................................. 2-4
[33] AUTO PLAY key and indicator ........................ 2-5
[34] PRRL key and indicator ................................. 2-5
[35] RHSL key and indicator ................................. 2-5
[36] AUTO PUNCH key and indicator...................... 2-5
[37] MARK IN key ............................................... 2-5
[38] MARK OUT key ............................................ 2-5
[39] CUE STR key ............................................... 2-5
[40] Transport controls........................................ 2-5
[41] LOC key...................................................... 2-5
2.2 Rear Panel ................................................. 2-5
[42] EXT 1 – parallel and GPI port .......................... 2-5
[43] EXT 2 - serial port ......................................... 2-5
[44] REMOTE OUT connector ............................... 2-5
[45] DIP switches (1 & 2) ...................................... 2-6
[46] Contrast ..................................................... 2-6
3 –Connections
3.1 Connection to DTRS units ....................... 3-1
3.1.1 Machine IDs .............................................. 3-1
3.2 Connections (parallel units) .................... 3-2
3.2.1 Connections (GPI event units) ...................... 3-2
3.2.2 Parallel control/GPI pinout ........................... 3-2
3.3 Connections (RS-422 units) ..................... 3-2
3.4 A note on system clocks.......................... 3-2
3.5 Memory and batteries............................... 3-3
4 –Menu and basic operations
4.1 Navigation.................................................. 4-1
4.1.1 Invalid operations ...................................... 4-1
4.2 Data entry .................................................. 4-2
4.2.1 Resetting values to zero .............................. 4-2
4.2.2 Fast setting of values .................................. 4-2
4.2.3 Setting values using the VALUE display ......... 4-2
4.2.4 “Fine-tuning” values ................................... 4-3
4.3 Selecting the unit controlled by the
menus............................................................ 4-3
4.4 Commonly-used menus ........................... 4-3
4.4.1 Assigning menus to function keys ................ 4-4
4.4.2 Recalling menus using the function keys ....... 4-4
4.5 Storing and recalling user setups ........... 4-4
4.5.1 Saving the current setup ............................. 4-4
4.5.2 Recalling a user setup or restoring factory
settings .........................................................
4-5
5 –Basic DTRS operations
5.1 Transport controls .................................... 5-1
5.1.1 Selecting the unit to which operations refer .... 5-1
5.1.2 Formatting tapes ........................................ 5-1
5.1.3 Arming tracks ............................................ 5-2
5.1.4 ALL SAFE ................................................. 5-2
5.1.5 Transport controls...................................... 5-2
5.1.6 Shuttle mode ............................................. 5-2
5.2 Monitoring ................................................. 5-2
5.2.1 ALL INPUT ................................................ 5-3
5.2.2 INPUT MONITOR keys ................................. 5-3
5.2.3 Shuttle monitoring...................................... 5-3
5.2.4 Shuttle muting ........................................... 5-3
5.2.5 Monitoring flowchart ................................... 5-4
5.2.6 Monitoring tables ....................................... 5-5
6 –Location functions
6.1 Reference modes ...................................... 6-1
6.2 Setting the precision ................................ 6-1
6.3 Setting a relative time reference.............. 6-1
6.3.1 “Return-to-zero” ........................................ 6-2
6.4 ABS setting................................................ 6-2
6.4.1 A note on ABS frame rate ............................ 6-2
6.4.2 Selecting Time Mode .................................. 6-2
6.5 Location operations.................................. 6-3
6.5.1 Setting the location pre-roll value .................. 6-3
6.5.2 Auto play .................................................. 6-3
6.5.3 “Instant” location ....................................... 6-3
6.5.4 Manual entry of a location point .................... 6-4
6.5.5 Editing a location ....................................... 6-4
6.5.6 Storing the location in a memory .................. 6-4
6.5.7 Recalling a location memory ........................ 6-4
6.5.8 Repeated entry of location points.................. 6-5
6.5.9 Editing a location memory ........................... 6-5
6.6 Repeating a section .................................. 6-5
6.7 Punch operations...................................... 6-6
6.7.1 Setting punch points .................................. 6-6
6.7.2 Checking punch points ............................... 6-6
6.7.3 Editing punch points .................................. 6-6
6.7.4 Undo function............................................ 6-6
6.7.5 Setting pre-roll and post-roll times ................ 6-7
6.7.6 Crossfade times ......................................... 6-7
6.7.7 Rehearsing the punch recording ................... 6-7
6.7.8 Performing the punch recording ................... 6-7
TOC-i
Table of Contents
7 –Making settings on the DTRS units
7.1 Track operations....................................... 7-1
7.1.1 Track delay ............................................... 7-1
7.1.2 Track copying ........................................... 7-1
7.1.3 Rec Mute function ...................................... 7-2
7.2 Unit-related functions............................... 7-2
7.2.1 Chasing to ABS sync .................................. 7-2
7.2.2 Key Mode ................................................. 7-2
7.2.3 Chasing with an offset ................................ 7-3
7.2.4 Auto Offset function ................................... 7-3
7.2.5 Checking the offset .................................... 7-4
7.2.6 Clock selection .......................................... 7-4
7.2.7 Output timing ............................................ 7-4
7.2.8 Varispeed (pitch control) ............................. 7-5
7.2.9 Input selection........................................... 7-5
7.2.10 Word length............................................. 7-5
7.2.11 Dither ..................................................... 7-5
7.2.12 Confidence mode ..................................... 7-6
7.2.13 Reference levels ....................................... 7-6
7.2.14 Meter modes ............................................ 7-6
7.2.15 Sine oscillator .......................................... 7-6
8 –Timecode functions
8.1 Primary timecode functions .................... 8-1
8.1.1 Selecting the timecode source ..................... 8-1
8.1.2 Synthesizing timecode from ABS times ......... 8-1
8.1.3 Selecting a timecode type ............................ 8-2
8.1.4 Setting the generator start time .................... 8-2
8.1.5 Starting and stopping the generator .............. 8-3
8.1.6 Checking the generator progress .................. 8-3
8.1.7 Recording the timecode on a DTRS
timecode track ...............................................
8.1.8 Chasing to external timecode .......................
8.1.9 Chasing with a timecode offset. ....................
8.1.10 Auto Timecode Offset function ...................
8.1.11 Independent clock settings ........................
8-3
8-4
8-4
8-5
8-5
8.2 Advanced timecode functions................. 8-5
8.2.1 Timecode output source ............................. 8-5
8.2.2 Synchronization of timecode........................ 8-6
8.2.3 Pull up and pull down ................................. 8-6
8.2.4 Error bypass ............................................. 8-6
8.2.5 Rechase mode ........................................... 8-6
8.2.6 Fast LTC................................................... 8-7
8.2.7 MIDI Timecode output ................................. 8-7
8.2.8 Park position ............................................. 8-7
8.2.9 Individual recording status while chasing
timecode .......................................................
8.2.10 Video resolve ...........................................
8-8
8-8
9 –External control and settings
9.1 Controlling the parallel port device ........ 9-1
9.2 Controlling GPI devices ........................... 9-1
9.2.1 Setting up GPI devices ................................ 9-1
9.2.2 Setting the trigger points ............................. 9-1
9.3 Controlling the serial port (9-pin) ........... 9-2
9.3.1 Selecting the serial port device..................... 9-2
9.3.2 Location pre-roll on the serial unit ................ 9-2
9.3.3 Serial unit timing source ............................. 9-3
9.3.4 Split mode on the serial unit ........................ 9-3
9.3.5 Controlling recording operations on the serial
unit ..............................................................
9-3
9.4 Other DTRS control functions ................. 9-4
9.4.1 Choosing a control protocol ........................ 9-4
9.4.2 Track mapping functions ............................. 9-4
9.4.3 Timecode track mapping ............................. 9-5
9.4.4 Remote track arming .................................. 9-5
9.4.5 Device emulation ....................................... 9-5
9.4.6 Recording delay......................................... 9-5
9.4.7 Fast wind speed......................................... 9-6
TOC-ii
9.4.8 Cue-up tally ...............................................
9.4.9 MMC ID.....................................................
9-6
9-6
10 –Menu and parameter reference
10.1 Menu groups ......................................... 10-1
10.1 Menu group 0 ........................................... 10-1
10.1 Menu group 1 .......................................... 10-2
10.1 Menu group 2 ........................................... 10-2
10.1 Menu group 3 ........................................... 10-3
10.1 Menu group 4 ........................................... 10-3
10.1 Menu group 5 ........................................... 10-4
10.1 Menu group 6 ........................................... 10-4
10.1 Menu group 7 ........................................... 10-5
10.1 Menu group 8 ........................................... 10-5
10.1 Menu group 9 ........................................... 10-6
10.1 Menu group A........................................... 10-6
10.1 Menu group E ........................................... 10-6
10.1 Menu group F ........................................... 10-7
10.2 Alphabetical list of menu items ........... 10-8
10.3 Specifications ....................................... 10-9
10.4 Dimensions ........................................... 10-9
Section 1.1 - Key features
1 – Introduction
The RC-898 is a fully-featured remote control
unit, which allows you to control up to six DTRS
units (DA-98, DA-88 or DA-38 units) with a single cable, as well as units implementing the Sony
P2 protocol, or using parallel control. As an alternative to parallel control, up to five GPI eventcontrolled units can be connected.
•
1.2 Unpacking
The box contains the following.
•
•
In addition to providing almost all functions available from the front panels of the DTRS units, the
RC-898 in some cases actually extends the capabilities of the basic DTRS system.
1.1 Key features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
DTRS units controlled by the RC-898 are
locked to sample accuracy, providing you with
a “virtual” digital multitrack recorder, with up
to 48 tracks.
Up to 99 location memories may be entered (or
captured) and edited to frame accuracy, for
marking important points in a recording
project.
Timecode values are entered and edited using a
positive-feel numeric keypad.
The DTRS units’ transport functions, including
the shuttle control, are duplicated on the RC898. These transport controls may also be used
to control the RS-422 or parallel external
machine.
The RC-898 also features a jog dial, allowing
frame-by-frame manual location.
The jog dial can also be used as a data entry
control for the entry of location point and other
values.
Auto-punch operations are fully supported. The
RC-898 provides one-key operation for
rehearsal and recording with automated punch
points.
System settings, for the DTRS units and for the
RC-898 itself, are made using a convenient
menu system, and displayed on a clear backlit
20-character x 4-line display.
The most frequently-accessed setting menus
can be assigned to function keys, so that they
may be easily recalled.
Lighted indicators give an instant indication of
the status of the most important functions.
All timecode formats are supported, as well as
pull-up/pull-down, making the RC-898 the
ideal choice for post-production work in both
the movie and video fields.
Up to ten different setups can be stored and
recalled, allowing instant re-configuration, not
only of the RC-898, but also of all DTRS units
connected to it.
RC-898 Remote Control Unit (x 1)
Accessories:
• Remote/sync connection cable (x 1)
•
Remote/sync terminator (x 1)
•
This manual (x 1)
•
Warranty card (x 1)
1.3 About this manual
This manual is written in sections according to the
function that you will be performing.
•
•
Section 1 - “Introduction”: This section.
Section 2 - “RC-898 features”: The front and
rear panel features of the RC-898.
• Section 3 - “Connections”: How to hook up the
RC-898 with other equipment.
• Section 4 - “Menu and basic operations”: How
to use the menu system, and the basic principles of operating the RC-898.
• Section 5 - “Basic DTRS operations”: The
main everyday transport and other operations
that you will perform when using the RC-898
with DTRS units.
• Section 6 - “Location functions”: Using the
location functions of the RC-898.
• Section 7 - “Making settings on the DTRS
units”: more advanced DTRS settings, that you
will probably not need to make every day.
• Section 8 - “Timecode functions”: Functions
related to timecode and DTRS units.
• Section 9 - “External control and settings”:
Other control functions, and control of units
other than DTRS (P2, GPI, etc.).
• Section 10 - “Menu and parameter reference”:
A guide to the menu items, together with
parameters and default values.
Please check both the Table of Contents and the
Index when you are searching for a particular
function or operation. There is also a guide to the
different menu screens available on the RC-898
(10, “Menu and parameter reference”).
When describing a control, display or connector,
the name of the control is emphasized, as: “Press
the STR key [17]”, or “the CONFIDENCE indi1-1
Section 1.4 - Precautions and recommendations
cator [10] will light”. The number in brackets following the name of the control is the number of
the control as shown on the front panel illustration, as well as that used in the appropriate sections describing the front and rear panels.
A special font is used for showing the messages
that appear on the LCD display screen [11], for
example: 9Pin Locate Preroll.
When describing a value as shown on the TAPE
TIME [13], MEMORY NO [14], or LOCATE
TIME/VALUE [15] displays, the following font is
used: 00:23:45:12 or on.
Some functions of the RC-898 apply to all DTRS
recorders, some only to DA-98 units, some to DA38 units and some to DA-88 units with the SY-88
synchronizer board fitted. Wherever appropriate,
this manual will use combinations of the following symbols to show what operations may be performed with the different units in the DTRS range:
Unit
Symbol in text
All units
No symbol
DA-88 with SY-88
88
DA-38
38
DA-98
98
This manual may also make references to the
manuals of the DTRS units and the SY-88. In the
case of the DA-98 and DA-38, these references
will be made in terms of section numbers (e.g.
“4.2” and “4-5” respectively). In the case of the
DA-88 and SY-88, page numbers will be provided
(e.g. “p16” and “p5-7” respectively).
1.4 Precautions and
recommendations
As with every precision piece of electronic equipment, common-sense precautions apply with the
RC-898.
However, you should note the following points in
particular with regard to the operation of the unit:
1.4.1 Environmental conditions
The RC-898 can be operated in most environments, but we suggest that you keep the environmental conditions within the following limits:
•
1-2
Ambient temperature between 5° and 35° C
(41° and 95° F).
•
•
Relative humidity should be between 30% and
80% non-condensing
Avoid spraying polish, insecticides, etc. near
the RC-898.
WARNING
If you need to clean the unit, use a soft cloth, moistened if
necessary with a little detergent and water. Do not use abrasive cleaners or solvents such as alcohol or thinner.
•
Avoid subjecting the RC-898 to jolts, sudden
shocks, etc.
WARNING
If you have to return the unit for service or repair, use the
original packing materials if possible. If the unit is to be
transported to a recording location, etc., use a suitable transport case with sufficient shock protection.
TASCAM does not accept responsibility for damage resulting from neglect or accident.
1.4.2 Battery backup
The RC-898 requires no power supply of its own,
drawing its power from the DTRS units to which
it is connected.
Location memories and configuration settings are
stored using a battery backup system. The battery
should provide power for several years of use.
When the battery eventually degrades to the point
where it cannot provide enough power to retain
settings, the message Memory Error will
be shown on the display screen (this can be
removed by pressing the ESCAPE key).
When this message appears, all memories (location memories and configuration settings) are
cleared and reset to the default settings.
If you see this message, contact your TASCAM
dealer for details of battery replacement. Do not
attempt to replace the battery by yourself.
1.4.3 Digital audio cables
When making connections between TASCAM
digital audio units, always use genuine TASCAM
cables. This applies particularly to any T-DIF dig-
Section 1.5 - Accessories
ital audio connections between DTRS recorders,
DTRS recorders and digital mixing consoles, etc.
WARNING
Only use TASCAM-supplied and TASCAM-approved
cables when making such connections. Though the cables
and connectors may resemble computer cables, they serve
different purposes, and meet a different set of specifications.
The use of cables other than TASCAM cables will at best
cause the equipment to work erratically, and at worst cause
damage to the equipment.
If the use of cables other than TASCAM cables causes or
results in damage, the warranty is voided.
1.4.4 Reference clock in a digital studio
It is likely that the RC-898 will be operated in an
environment where there is more than one digital
audio source available.
If this is the case, you must make sure that all digital audio sources in the setup are driven by the
same reference clock signal (“word clock” or
“Word sync”).
If different clock sources are used throughout a
setup, it is actually possible to damage speakers,
etc. because of mismatches.
1.5 Accessories
Despite the powerful range of functions which
may be controlled from the RC-898, the unit is
relatively compact. It may be found convenient to
mount the RC-898 on a roll-around stand, available as CS-898.
Should you need extension meters from the tape
decks, this can be achieved using MU-8824 meter
units and appropriate mounting hardware (MK8924).
1-3
Section 1.5 - Accessories
1-4
2 - RC-898 features
2 – RC-898 features
2-1
Section 2.1 - Front panel
ual tracks when ALL INPUT is turned off again.
Start recording or re-set the REC FUNCTION
keys to restore this.
This section gives a brief overview of the front
and rear panel controls and their functions.
2.1 Front panel
[1]
REC FUNCTION keys
[5]
These keys with integral indicators allow you to
set and view the track arming status of up to six
DTRS units attached to the RC-898, or five DTRS
units and another recorder.
Tracks 1 through 8 apply to the first unit, 9
through 16 to the second, and so on.
Pressing this key is the equivalent of pressing the
INSERT key on a connected DA-38, and pressing
both the AUTO INPUT and INSERT keys on a
DA-88. It is used in punch modes to switch automatically between tape and source when punching
in and out automatically. The indicator lights
when this function is active.
The last eight are used to control tracks 41
through 48 (the sixth DTRS unit) or may be used
for the two analog and four digital tracks of a P2
recorder, as marked (A1, A2, and D1 through
D4). These keys are only available for this purpose when recording is enabled for the P2 unit
(see 9.3.5, “Controlling recording operations on
the serial unit”). When used to control the P2 unit
in this way, the last two REC FUNCTION keys
are unused.
[2]
Note that the status of the INPUT MONITOR
keys on a DA-98 will be overridden by the AUTO
MON key. However, when AUTO MON is turned
off again, the original status of these keys will be
restored.
INPUT MONITOR keys
Changing the REC FUNCTION status of DA-98
tracks while AUTO MON is on will lose the relationship between the REC FUNCTION and
INPUT MONITOR status for individual tracks
when AUTO MON is turned off again. Start
recording or re-set the REC FUNCTION keys to
restore this.
These keys with integral indicators allow you to
set and view the input monitoring status of the
tracks of any DA-98 units attached to the RC-898.
See section 7.1 of the DA-98 manual for details of
the operation of these keys, which function in the
same way as the keys on the RC-898.
When the RC-898 is used to control DA-88 and
DA-38 units, the keys cannot be used, but the indicators still reflect the current monitoring status, on
a track-by-track basis, of the connected units.
[3]
[4]
2-2
[6]
ALL INPUT key and indicator
CLOCK indicators (INT, WORD and
VIDEO)
These indicators correspond to the indicators with
the same names on the currently-selected DTRS
unit.
ALL SAFE key
This key (with integral indicator) is equivalent to
turning off all the REC FUNCTION keys [1].
When all tracks are safed in this way, the ALL
SAFE indicator lights. When the ALL SAFE
mode is turned off (the indicator goes out), the
previous track arming status will be restored.
AUTO MON key and indicator
This key performs the same function as the AUTO
MON key on a DA-98. However, the DA-88 and
DA-38 are not equipped with a key with this label,
so the function is slightly different when controlling one of these units.
To use the RC-898 to change the clock source on a
DTRS unit , see 7.2.6, “Clock selection”.
[7]
TC indicators (24, 25, 29, 30, DF)
These indicators correspond to the system timecode type of the currently-selected DTRS unit.
This key (with integral indicator) performs the
function of the ALL INPUT key on the connected
DTRS units. The indicator lights when the function is active.
Here, the 29 on the RC-898 panel is an abbreviation for “29.97”. The DF indicator will light if the
timecode is in drop-frame format.The supported
timecode types are therefore:
The INPUT MONITOR keys on a DA-98 also
affect the switching between source and tape.
Changing the REC FUNCTION status of any
tracks while the ALL INPUT function is on will
lose the relationship between the REC FUNCTION and INPUT MONITOR status for individ-
24
25
29
29 DF
30
30 DF
24fps (cine)
25fps (PAL/SECAM)
29.97 (NTSC color non-drop)
29.97 (NTSC drop-frame)
30fps (NTSC mono)
30fps drop-frame (NTSC color)
Section 2.1 - Front panel
NOTE
30 fps drop-frame is only supported by DA-98 units.
To change the timecode type used by the system,
see 8.1.3, “Selecting a timecode type” .
[8]
MACHINE number indicators (1
through 6, E1, E2)
This indicator shows the machine currently
selected for control with the transport keys. , using
the MACHINE key [31]. 1 through 6 refer to
DTRS units. E1 and E2 refer to VTRs, etc. which
may be connected to the RC-898. E1 is connected
to the parallel port, and E2 to the 9-pin RS-422
port
[9]
LOCK STATUS indicators
These indicators show the current lock status of
the DTRS units as they chase to external synchronization sources. For units 2 through 6, the external synchronization master will typically be the
first DTRS unit (1) in the chain.
There are four modes displayed by these
indicators:
On
The slave unit is chasing the master and is
locked to it.
Fast flashing The slave unit is in chase mode, is in fast forward or rewind mode, and is not locked to the
sync master.
Slow flshing The slave unit is in chase mode, stopped, and
is not locked to the sync master.
Off
The unit is not in chase mode.
[10]
OFFSET, PULL UP/DN,
CONFIDENCE, DELAY, TC REC,
VARI indicators
code; TC, or absolute time; ABS) in use by the
currently-selected DTRS unit and shown on the
TAPE TIME indicator [13].
The REL indicator, when lit, shows that the current time, relative to a user-defined reference
point, as explained in 6.3, “Setting a relative time
reference”, is currently being displayed.
[13]
This display shows the current tape time on the
currently-selected unit. The time reference is
shown by the indicators at [12].
[14]
[15]
It is also used to show time values which are set as
control parameters in various menu screens.
[16]
The +/– key is also used with relative times, as
explained in the relative time setting section in see
6.3, “Setting a relative time reference”.
[18]
[12]
Time Mode indicators
Only one of these indicators will be lit at any one
time. They indicate the timecode reference (time-
Numeric keypad
The ten number keys are used for direct entry of
values for location memories, etc., to select location memories for store, recall, etc., or for the
entry of time values into LCD display menu
parameters. The +/– key is used to change a positive to a negative value, or vice versa.
In addition, changing the values from the front
panel of a DTRS unit connected to the RC-898
will change the status of this indicator, if the unit’s
number corresponds to the current MACHINE
number [8].
LCD display screen
LOCATE TIME/VALUE display
This display shows the time of the location memory currently referenced by the MEMORY NO.
indicator [14] or entered using the numeric keypad
[16].
[17]
This 20-character x 4-line backlit display screen is
used to show and set the different parameters
available with the RC-898.
MEMORY NO. display
This 2-digit counter shows the location memory
which is currently in use (for storage, recall or
location).
These indicators are used to show the status of the
appropriate mode on the currently-selected unit.
The status is changed using the menus on the display screen.
[11]
TAPE TIME display
STR key
This key is used to start the process for storing a
timecode value to a location memory. See 6.5.6,
“Storing the location in a memory” for details.
RCL key
This key is used to start the process for recalling a
timecode value from a location memory. See
6.5.7, “Recalling a location memory” for full
details.
[19]
CANCEL key
This key is used to cancel the selection of a location memory with the number keys, before storing
a time to it or recalling a time. It may also be used
to cancel the setting of a numerical value if it has
been wrongly entered.
2-3
Section 2.1 - Front panel
[20]
ENTER/LOAD key
This key is used to confirm the entry of numerical
values of location times or memories or when
used with the SHIFT key [23], transfers the data
shown in the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display
[15] to the parameters being set in the display
screen.
[21]
PRESET key
This key is used to assign specific software menus
to the function keys [22]. See 4, “Menu and basic
operations” for details of menu operations.
[22]
F1 through F10 function keys
These keys are used with frequently-used menus,
so that one keypress will bring up these menus.
The keys may be “shifted” [23] to provide a second bank of 10 less frequently-used menu keys.
[23]
SHIFT key
This key is used to provide a second bank of ten
function keys for quick access to frequently-used
menus.
It is also used with the UP and DOWN keys [25]
to use them as NEXT and PREVIOUS keys for
the selection of machines in the display screen
menus.
It is also used in conjunction with the ENTER/
LOAD key [20] to transfer entered values to the
parameters being set in the display screen.
[24]
ESCAPE key
This key is used to move “up” through the menu
tree to the preceding menu screen.
[25]
Cursor keys
The cursor keys are represented in this manual by
the words:
•
•
up keyUP
down keyDOWN
•
left keyLEFT
•
right keyRIGHT
These keys are used to navigate through the menu
system and the parameters available.
The UP and DOWN keys are also used with the
SHIFT key [23] to choose the connected unit on
which the menu operation will be performed
(when shifted, they are known as the NEXT and
PREVIOUS keys, repsectively). within each
screen. For details of menu operations, see 4,
“Menu and basic operations”.
2-4
[26]
SELECT key
This key is used as an “enter” key, to select an
item or to confirm the entry of a value.
[27]
DATA INC/DEC key and indicator
This key, with its integral indicator, is used to
change the function of the JOG dial [28] between
controlling the transport (indicator is unlit) and
incrementing or decrementing the values being
edited in the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display
[15] (indicator is lit).
[28]
JOG dial and SHUTTLE wheel
These controls work with DTRS units and with
units connected to the EXT 2 control port [43].
They are used to simulate the “rock and roll” of an
open-reel tape deck, allowing precise positioning
of the controlled units. The indicators above the
controls show the current direction of the
medium’s movement.
When the DATA INC/DEC indicator [27] is lit,
the JOG dial acts as a data editing control for the
least significant field of the value shown in the
LOCATE TIME/VALUE display [15].
[29]
CAPTURE key
When this is pressed, the current time is displayed
on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display [15]
where it may be edited and stored as a location
memory, or used for “one-shot” location purposes.
[30]
REPEAT key and indicator
This key serves the same function as the REPEAT
key on the DTRS units, repeating playback
between the memory locations assigned for repeat
(see 6.6, “Repeating a section”).
The integral indicator will light steadily when
repeat mode is selected and the current time is
between these two locations, and flash when
repeat mode is selected, and the current time is
outside these locations.
[31]
MACHINE key
Pressing this key repeatedly will cycle the
machine number indicators [8]. The indicator
which is lit shows which machine will be controlled by the transport controls of the RC-898.
[32]
CHASE key
Pressing this CHASE key together with the unit
number toggles the chase mode of the appropriate
unit.
See 7.2.1, “Chasing to ABS sync” and 8.1.8,
“Chasing to external timecode” for further details.
Section 2.2 - Rear Panel
It is also possible to select “Machine 0” (only with
this CHASE key). This will control the second
(first slave) DTRS unit, and toggle the chase status
of this unit, with all other slave units in the chain
then changing to reflect the chase status of this
first slave unit.
[33]
AUTO PLAY key and indicator
This key with its integral indicator works with
DTRS units. It allows the units to start playing
back automatically when a location point is
reached.
[34]
PRRL key and indicator
This key with its integral indicator works with
DTRS units. It is used to locate the tape to the
punch-in position, minus the pre-roll time set for
punch operations (see 6.7.5, “Setting pre-roll and
post-roll times”).
For instance, if the punch pre-roll value is set to 5
seconds, and the punch-in point is “00:55:12:12”,
the unit will finish locating at 00:55:07:12.
[35]
RHSL key and indicator
This key allows you to rehearse auto-punch operations on the units connected to the RC-898. For
full details, see 6.7, “Punch operations”.
[36]
AUTO PUNCH key and indicator
This key allows you to perform auto-punch operations on the units connected to the RC-898. For
full details, see 6.7, “Punch operations”.
NOTE
The two keys above do not work in the same way as the
rehearsal and auto punch keys on DTRS units. Even if you
are an experienced user of DTRS equipment, we recommend that you read 6.7, “Punch operations” to get a full
understanding of punch operations when using the RC-898
to control recording operations.
[37]
MARK IN key
This key allows you to set and check the punch-in
point for automatic punch operations. For full
details of how to use this key, see 6.7.1, “Setting
punch points”.
[38]
MARK OUT key
This key allows you to set and check the punchout point for automatic punch operations. For full
details of how to use this key, see 6.7.1, “Setting
punch points”.
[39]
CUE STR key
This key is used to capture a series of location
points (a cue list) “on the fly”. Successive presses
of this key will store the current position to a location memory, and automatically increment the
location memory number, ready for the next store
operation. The memories can later be “fine-tuned”
using the jog dial [28] in the appropriate mode.
[40]
Transport controls
These transport controls duplicate those available
on DTRS units. They may also be used to control
units connected to the E1 (parallel) and E2 (9-pin
serial) ports when the appropriate machine is
selected ([8] and [31]).
[41]
LOC key
This key provides one-touch operation to allow
location to the memory position shown on the
LOCATE TIME/VALUE display [15]. If a location pre-roll time has been set (see 6.5.1, “Setting
the location pre-roll value”) the pre-roll offset will
be subtracted from the location value, and the
location will be to that new calculated value.
2.2 Rear Panel
[42]
EXT 1 – parallel and GPI port
This port provides parallel control and tally signals or GPI control for event control, which may
be triggered from a small “cue list” in the RC-898.
The pinout for this 15-pin ’D’-sub connector is
given in 3.2, “Connections (parallel units)”. You
will need to make your own cable, referring to the
the table above, and to the equivalent table in the
manual of the other equipment if you wish to control an external unit through parallel control, or if
you wish to send GPI events from the RC-898.
[43]
EXT 2 - serial port
This 9-pin ‘D’-sub connector is used for the control of devices implementing the Sony P2 protocol. A cable designed for P2 connections may be
used with this port.
[44]
REMOTE OUT connector
This connector is used for the control of the DTRS
units. It should be connected to the REMOTE IN/
SYNC IN of the first DTRS unit in the chain.
Only use a TASCAM cable, as supplied with the
RC-898, to make this connection. If your DTRS
units are at a greater distance than the cable provided (e.g. your machine room is some distance
from your control room), consult your TASCAM
dealer for details of the availability of longer
DTRS control cables.
2-5
Section 2.2 - Rear Panel
[45]
DIP switches (1 & 2)
The two DIP switches are both on when in the
down position. As shipped from the factory,
switch 1 is off (up) and switch 2 is on (dow), and
you probably will not need to change them.
However, when a passive device is connected to
the EXT 1 connector and power is not provided
from the device to the tally supply pin, this switch
1 (TALLY POWER) should be set to the on
(down) position, allowing the RC-898 to use its
own power for this purpose.
Switch 2, GND LIFT (ground lift) controls the
isolation of the ground of the RC-848/DTRS system from the ground of devices attached to the
EXT 1 and EXT 2 ports. Usually this switch is in
the on (down) position, but you may need to turn it
off (up) if your system suffers from hum problems. However, a full discussion of ground loops
and their associated problems is outside the scope
of this manual, and we recommend that you consult one of the many reference works on this subject if necessary.
[46]
Contrast
This control alters the contrast on the backlit LCD
display screen [11]. Use it to set the screen so that
it is easily visible from your preferred viewing
angle.
2-6
Section 3.1 - Connection to DTRS units
3 – Connections
This section describes not only the connection of
the RC-898 to other equipment, but also provides
some information on setting up a digital audio
system using the RC-898.
is connected to the SYNC OUT of the last unit in
the chain.
RC-898
DA-98
IN
OUT
Cable supplied
with RC-898
DA-88
DA-38
OUT IN
OUT IN
PW-88S
PW-88S
Terminator
WARNING
All connections to the RC-898 should be made with the
power to all units turned off. If this is not done, the operation of the units may become unstable, and damage may
possibly occur.
3.1 Connection to DTRS units
The RC-898 and DTRS units form a “daisychain”, with the RC-898 being at the head, and the
“tail” unit being terminated with the terminator
supplied with the RC-898.
NOTE
When you connect a number of DTRS units which are of
different types, including DA-98s, the DA-98 units should
be at the head of the chain immediately following the RC898. Any DA-38 and DA-88 units should then be connected
following the DA-98s. If there is more than one DA-98 in
the chain, they should be connected together, before the DA38s and DA-88s. The order of the DA-38 and DA-88 units is
not important.
If a DTRS unit other than a DA-98 is used as a master unit,
the automatic Output TC Source function and Timecode
Offset functions of the DA-98 may not work correctly (see
the DA-98 Owner’s Manual, 10.5 and 13.2). In additoin,
remote control operation may not work correctly.
If the DTRS units are DA-88s and DA-38s only, they may
be connected in any order.
However, if you are operating a mixed set of DA-38s, and
DA-88s fitted with the SY-88 synchronizer board, we suggest that the SY-88-equipped DA-88 should follow the RC898, allowing it to serve as a timecode slave, and a DTRS
chase master for the DA-38s.
Use the suppled cable to connect the RC-898 to
the REMOTE IN/SYNC IN of the first DTRS
unit, and a PW-88S cable to connect the SYNC
OUT of the first unit to the REMOTE IN/SYNC
IN of the next unit, and so on, until the terminator
WARNING
Turn off power to all units when making connections. If you
do not do this, there is a possibility that the RC-898 will
malfunction or even be damaged.
The RC-898’s REC FUNCTION and INPUT
MONITOR keys 1 through 8 now control the first
unit, Keys 9 through 16 control the next unit in
the chain, and so on (regardless of the actual
Machine IDs of the units).
Tighten the screws holding the cable connector to
the RC-898 and to the DTRS unit. This will prevent accidental disconnection of the RC-898 in the
middle of a session.
WARNING
Use only TASCAM cables to connect the RC-898 to the first
DTRS unit, and to connect the DTRS units to each other. If
the use of cables other than TASCAM cables causes or
results in damage to the units, the warranty is voided.
No power connection is needed for the RC-898.
All power for the operation of the RC-898 is supplied by the first DTRS unit.
NOTE
The TASCAM TM-D8000 digital mixing console also
allows the control of DTRS units. However, it is not possible to use a TM-D8000 and RC-898 for control of DTRS
units in the same setup. Naturally, however, a TM-D8000
console can be used to mix the audio to and from DTRS
units controlled by an RC-898 unit.
3.1.1 Machine IDs
Set the machine IDs of the DTRS units so that the
IDs run in a sequence from the unit at the “head”
of the chain, closest to the RC-898 (lowest possible ID) to the “tail” unit (highest ID). There
should be no gaps in this sequence.
A DA-88 uses a rotary switch to set the ID and
uses 0 as the lowest ID, and a DA-38 or DA-98
uses software to make this setting, and uses 1 as
3-1
Section 3.2 - Connections (parallel units)
the lowest ID. Refer to the units’ manuals for full
details of setting the ID.
How the ID is
set (see the
unit’s manual
for details)
Unit
DA-98
1
1
Menu system (see
9.2)
ON
DA-88
0
1
Rotary switch on
OFF
rear panel (see p23–
24)
DA-38
1
1
Tape counter menu
system (see 7-2)
ON
NOTE
When you set the machine IDs, you can set the ID of any
machine first, but we recommend doing this in a standard
sequence, working from the head of the chain to the tail.
3.2 Connections (parallel
units)
The RC-898 allows transport control of a unit connected to the EXT 1 parallel port. Before making
this connection, check the specifications of the
other unit to ensure that the control pins available
match those provided by the RC-898, as shown
below in 3.2.2, “Parallel control/GPI pinout”.
NOTE
The RC-898 provides only transport control for a unit connected to the parallel port. Functions such as track arming,
etc. are not possible when using the EXT 1 parallel port.
If a passive unit that does not supply power to the
tally supply pin (8) is being used, switch 1
(TALLY POWER) of the RC-898 [45] must be set
on (down) to allow the RC-898 to provide this
power.
3.2.2 Parallel control/GPI pinout
The following table gives the pin assignments for
the parallel/GPI connector (EXT 1). GPI connections are shown in square brackets:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
STOP/[Event 1]
PLAY/[Event 2]
FF/[Event 3]
REW/[Event 4]
REC/[Event 5]
N/C
Common
Tally supply
PLAY tally
FF tally
REW tally
STOP tally
REC tally
REC COMMAND tally
GND
3.3 Connections (RS-422
units)
The RC-898 allows control of a unit implementing
the Sony P2 protocol. This connection is made
through the EXT 2 serial port [43], using a serial
cable designed for this purpose. The pinout for
this connector is as follows:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Shield
RX+
TX–
GND
—
GND
RX–
TX+
Shield
Make the connection using a cable designed for
RS-422 connection (check the pinout of your P2
device before making the connection). This
machine may now be controlled by the RC-898
when the E2 MACHINE indicator [8] is lit.
3.2.1 Connections (GPI event units)
The EXT 1 parallel port may also be used for the
purpose of controlling up to five GPI event-controlled devices.
The way in which these devices may be triggered
from the RC-898 is explained in 9.2, “Controlling
GPI devices”.
3-2
3.4 A note on system clocks
When working with many digital audio units, all
these units must be fed from the same clock
source (either word or video). If this is not done,
there is a risk that speakers, etc. may be damaged.
Note that this clock master is entirely different
from the timecode master in a studio setup. It is
perfectly possible for a clock slave to be a timecode master and vice versa.
Section 3.5 - Memory and batteries
3.5 Memory and batteries
As you have noticed, the RC-898 requires no
power supply of its own, drawing its power from
the DTRS units to which it is connected.
Location memories and configuration settings are
stored using a battery backup system. The battery
should provide power for several years of use.
When the battery eventually degrades to the point
where it cannot provide enough power to retain
settings, the message Memory Error will
be shown on the diaply screen (this can be
removed by pressing the ESCAPE key).
When this message appears, all memories (location memories and configuration settings) are
cleared and reset to the default settings.
If you see this message, contact your TASCAM
dealer for details of battery replacement. Do not
attempt to replace the battery by yourself.
3-3
Section 3.5 - Memory and batteries
3-4
Section 4.1 - Navigation
4 – Menu and basic operations
The RC-898 sets parameters on the connnected
units using a menu system, with the parameters
and their values displayed on the LCD display
screen and selected and entered using cursor and
data entry keys.
4.1 Navigation
The menus are arranged hierarchically, from a top
(master) menu, through to individual parameters.
The master “top” menu appears like this:
Select
Menu
>0
1
2
8
9
A
3
4
5
6
7
E
F
/Loct
The cursor is represented here by the > symbol.
Use the LEFT and RIGHT keys to move the cursor along a row, and the UP and DOWN keys to
move it between rows.
As the cursor moves over the menu group numbers, the bottom line of the screen will change to
show an abbreviated summary of the contents of
the menu group. In the example above, the contents of the 0 menu group are: track delay, track
copy settings, varispeed and the location pre-roll
setting.
When the cursor is over the menu group which
you wish to enter, press the SELECT key to enter
the menu group (menu group 0 is shown here):
Vari
1
Spd
0000
Vari
Speed
Machine
Fix
+
1
0.0%
In this menu, there are two editable fields, as you
will see if you move the cursor with the LEFT and
RIGHT cursor keys. The cursor changes so that
the field which is currently to be edited is highlighted by an underline cursor.
Group
Dly/Tr.C/Vari
>Delay
enter. For the purposed of this example, we will
examine the Vari Spd menu.
Trk
Copy
Loc
Pre
sample
Again, the bottom line of the display shows an
abbreviated version of some or all of the settings
made in the menu to which the cursor points.
When in a menu group, use the cursor keys to
move between options, and press SELECT when
the cursor is to the left of the menu you wish to
The first editable field is the Fix field, which
may be changed between the values of Fix and
Vari. The second field is the numerical field
which sets the amount of the varispeed as a percentage of normal speed. The values of both fields
are set with the UP and DOWN cursor keys.
As soon as a value is changed, it is set. There is no
need to press any key to confirm the entry.
To return to a level above the current level, press
the ESCAPE key. You can continue pressing the
ESCAPE key until the top menu is reached.
NOTE
Note that the Machine value (i.e. which machine is
being controlled) cannot be set in this way (this is explained
in 4.3, “Selecting the unit controlled by the menus”).
4.1.1 Invalid operations
Some operations are only possible on certain
models of DTRS recorder. For instance, timecode
functions are only available on the DA-98 and
DA-88 units equipped with the SY-88 board, and
dithering is only possible with DA-38 and DA-98
units. If you attempt to perform an operation on a
unit where this operation is impossible, the message Not available! will be shown on
the display screen to let you know that you cannot
perform this operation on the connected DTRS
unit.
Another kind of invalid operation is when a DTRS
unit can perform a certain operation, but the
selected operation cannot be performed under the
current set of conditions (e.g. TDIF word length
cannot be set while analog inputs are selected). In
these cases, the word Inoperable will be
shown on the display.
4-1
Section 4.2 - Data entry
4.2 Data entry
Typically, the UP and DOWN keys are used to set
the values in the display screen menus. However,
there are one or two additional features regarding
data entry which are explained here.
4.2.1 Resetting values to zero
2) With the cursor as shown (next to the Machine
Offset menu item), press SELECT again:
Machine
Offset
Machine
1
+00:00:00:00
In the case of large numerical values, it is sometimes tedious to keep pressing the cursor keys
until the value returns to zero.
Accordingly, to reset a value to zero:
1) Press and hold down either the UP or DOWN
key.
2) While holding down this key, press the other
(i.e. DOWN if you are holding the UP key, and
vice versa).
4.2.2 Fast setting of values
In addition to being able to reset large values to
zero, it also sometimes necessary to input large
values. This can be done easily in the following
way:
1) Press and hold down the UP or DOWN key (as
appropriate).
2) While holding down this key, press and hold
down the SELECT key. As long as this key is
held down, the values will change quicker than
if this UP or DOWN key on its own is held
down.
ABS
3) Use the numeric keypad to enter the offset time
(use the +/– key to change between positive and
negative offset).
The values entered using the keypad will appear in
the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display [15], and “fill
up” from the right. For instance, if the time to be
entered is 01:23:07:10, the following keys should
be pressed:
Key
1
2
3
0
7
1
0
Display shows
00:00:00:01
00:00:00:12
00:00:01:23
00:00:12:30
00:01:23:07
00:12:30:71
01:23:07:10
The display will flash while the numbers are being
entered, to show that the value has not yet been
confirmed.
Negative values are shown on the LOCATE TIME/
VALUE display by a period after the last “frames”
digit of the display.
NOTE
4.2.3 Setting values using the VALUE
display
As well as using the LCD display, the LOCATE
TIME/VALUE LED display [15] and numeric
keypad [16] may be used for entry of time values
into certain parameters which are set through the
menu system.
The machine offset value from menu group 3,
which is expressed in hours, minutes, seconds and
frames, is a useful example of this operation.
If you enter the wrong number by mistake, you can press the
CANCEL key of the numeric keypad to reset the number to
the previous value.
4) Press and hold down the SHIFT key [23] and
then press the ENTER/LOAD key [20].
If the value is a valid one (i.e. you do not attempt
to enter 71 frames in a second, etc.), it will be
transferred from the LED display, which will stop
flashing, to the LCD display screen:
Machine
1) In the top level menu, move the cursor to menu
group 3 and press SELECT:
>McnOffset
TimeMode
Ctrl
Trk
+00:00:00:00
4-2
Prt
Offset
Machine
+01:23:07:10
1
ABS
Arm
ABS
Invalid values will be rounded down to the nearest
valid value (e.g. a value of 78 seconds will be
rounded down to 59 seconds).
Section 4.3 - Selecting the unit controlled by the menus
4.2.4 “Fine-tuning” values
The JOG/SHUTTLE controls [28] may also be
used to “fine-tune” the values entered and displayed on the LED VALUE display.
the unit controlled by the menu’s other
parameters, as in the example menu below.:
TC
Frame
Mode
Machine
1) Press the DATA INC/DEC key [27] so that the
indicator lights.
1
30DF
2) Use the jog dial to change the value shown on
the VALUE display in the same way as you
would use them to locate a tape (i.e. the jog dial
increments (clockwise) or decrements (counterclockwise) the numbers.
NOTE
The jog dial can only be used for data entry and editing of
values which may be entered through the VALUE display,
not for values which may be entered only on the LCD display screen.
4.3 Selecting the unit
controlled by the menus
As explained above, the Machine parameter
which appears in many menus cannot be changed
directly using the UP or DOWN keys.
The DTRS units connected to the RC-898 are
numbered in order, starting at 1. The machine with
the lowest logical number (see 3.1.1, “Machine
IDs”), i.e. the one connected directly to the RC898, is Machine 1, the next in the chain is
Machine 2, and so on.
However, as you can see from the front panel of
the RC-898, the UP and DOWN keys have
another meaning when used in combination with
the SHIFT key [23], and they change to being
NEXT and PREVIOUS keys, allowing you to
select the next unit in the chain, or the previous
one, respectively.
NOTE
1) Press and hold down the SHIFT key
2) While holding down the SHIFT key, press the
UP or DOWN (NEXT or PREVIOUS) key to
increment or decrement the Machine
number.
The machine number can be set from 1 through
6.
Other menus will present the 6 units on one screen
(where there is only an on/off parameter). In these
cases, use the LEFT and RIGHT keys to select the
machine, and the UP and DOWN keys to enable
or disable the function:
Shuttle
on
Mute
»
»
off
Machine
»
1
»
»
»
2
3
4
5
6
4.4 Commonly-used menus
The F1 through F10 function keys [22] may be
used to recall the ten functions (menu screens)
that you use most often.
When the SHIFT key [23] is held down, these
keys can be used as an additional ten function
keys; F11 through F20.
NOTE
The menu-to-key assignments made on the RC-898 are
entirely independent of any menu-to-key assignments made
on the RC-898.
This selection has no effect on the transport or location section of the RC-898 and vice versa. The unit shown on the
MACHINE indicator [8] selected with the MACHINE key
[31] is independent of any settings made on the LCD display screen to select the unit whose parameters are to be set.
If the display screen shows a menu with a
parameter, and you want to change
Machine
4-3
Section 4.5 - Storing and recalling user setups
If you have not assigned a menu to a function key,
the default (factory) menu-to-key assignments
will be used as follows:
Key
Menu
Menu
group
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
F13
F14
F15
F16
F17
F18
F19
F20
Track Delay Time
Track Copy
Vari Speed
Locate Preroll
Machine Offset
Time Mode
Timecode Offset
TC Frame Mode
Generate Start Time
Generate Mode
Crossfade Tome
Confidence Mode
Output TC Source
Repeat Start/End
Analog In/Out
Ext TC
Abs Diff
Tape TC
Rel Diff
Gen TC
0
0
0
0
3
3
4
5
8
8
1
9
5
3
2
E
E
E
E
E
4.4.1 Assigning menus to function keys
To assign a menu to a function key:
1) Use cursor keys and the SELECT key until you
see the menu you want to assign to a function
key.
Push
Shuttle
Preset
Function
1) Simply press the function key where you have
previously assigned the menu you want to
recall.
If you have not assigned a menu to the function
key that you press, the display will remain
unchanged.
2) If you used the SHIFT key [23] to assign the
menu to F11 through F20, press and hold down
the SHIFT key before pressing the function key
to recall the “shifted” menu.
4.5 Storing and recalling user
setups
The RC-898 allows you to store and recall almost
all parameters set using the menu system, so the
same remote control unit can be used with a variety of different equipment setups with the minimum of reconfiguration.
This is a great time-saver, as not only are the RC898’s parameters stored and recalled, but the settings for the DTRS units connected to the RC-898
are also stored and recalled. In this way, up to six
DTRS units can be reconfigured to preset configuration patterns with the press of one key.
4.5.1 Saving the current setup
1) From the top menu, move the cursor to menu
group F, and press SELECT:
2) Press the PRESET key [21]:
Function
4.4.2 Recalling menus using the function
keys
Key
Key
DispTime
Monitor
The “Shuttle Monitor” screen is an example only.
The current menu title will be displayed on the
bottom line of the display.
3) Press the function key to which you wish to
assign the menu.
To use the second “bank” of function keys, press
and hold down the SHIFT key [23] before pressing
the function key.
Mode
FrameDisp
>Setup
Setup
2) Move the cursor to Setup (as shown above),
and press SELECT:
Setup
Load
0123456789F
As you can see, there are 10 user setups, numbered
from 0 through 9, and a factory setup (F). Naturally, you can reload the factory settings, but you
cannot overwrite them with your own settings; you
must choose one of the 10 user areas.
4-4
Section 4.5 - Storing and recalling user setups
3) Highlight the Load field, and change it so that
it reads Save, using the UP key.
4) Press SELECT to confirm the load,or any of
the following: ESCAPE, DOWN, LEFT or
RIGHT keys to cancel
4) Use the LEFT and RIGHT keys to highlight the
user memory into which you wish to store the
current settings, and press the UP key.
The selected user setup will replace the current
settings.
Setup
Are
you
sure?
If you try to load from a setup into which data has
not been saved, the display will briefly show No
Data, and the load operation will not take place.
0
Save
123456789F
5) Press SELECT to confirm the save, or any of
the following: ESCAPE, DOWN, LEFT or
RIGHT keys to cancel.
The display will briefly show Executing..., and the current settings will be saved
into the user setup.
4.5.2 Recalling a user setup or restoring
factory settings
Any of the ten user setups, as well as the factory
defaults, can be recalled, using the screen above.
1) From the top screen, select menu group F, and
select the Setup menu:
Setup
Load
0123456789F
2) Make sure that the left parameter shows
Load by moving the cursor under it, and the
DOWN key to change its value to Load from
Save.
3) Move the cursor under the user area (or
factory setting, represented by F), and press
the UP key to recall the setup.
Setup
Are
you
sure?
0
Load
123456789F
4-5
Section 4.5 - Storing and recalling user setups
4-6
Section 5.1 - Transport controls
5 – Basic DTRS operations
This section covers the basic operations of controlling the DTRS units connected to the RC-898.
For details of how to make parameter settings, etc.
and timecode operations, see 4, “Menu and basic
operations”, 7, “Making settings on the DTRS
units” and 10, “Menu and parameter reference”.
5.1 Transport controls
The transport controls on the RC-898 replicate
those on the DTRS units.
The logic of the transport controls is such that any
mode can be entered from any other mode. There
is no need to go through STOP.
5.1.1 Selecting the unit to which
operations refer
Generally speaking, the unit controlled by the
transport keys will be the first unit in the chain
(the other units in the chain are assumed to be
using the ABS chase protocol through DTRS
synchronization.
However, transport operations, etc. can also be
performed on individually-selected machines
other than the first one:
1) Press the MACHINE key [31].
The word MACHINE will start to flash in the
LOCATE TIME/VALUE display [15].
2) Use the numeric keypad to enter the
number(one digit only) of the machine that you
want to control .
This number will be shown in the LOCATE TIME/
VALUE display [15], and the appropriate
MACHINE number indicator[8] will light.
If you enter a machine number of 0, this is equivalent to setting all DTRS units except the first into
slave mode, to follow the first unit.
Machine 7 is equivalent to a unit attached to the
parallel port [42], and machine 8 is equivalent to a
unit attached to the serial port [43].
5.1.2 Formatting tapes
The Hi8 tapes used in DTRS units must be formatted. This can be done either from the DTRS
units themselves, or from the RC-898.
1) Insert a new tapeor tapes into the DTRS unit
or units. Make sure that it is rewound to the
beginning of the tape.
NOTE
Do not use a tape which has previously been used for
recording video.
2) From menu group 9, move the cursor to
Format, and press SELECT:
Format
Machine
off
1
44.1
k
3) In this menu, as well as using the NEXT (SHIFT
+ UP) and PREVIOUS (SHIFT + DOWN) keys
to select an individual unit, all DTRS units
connected to the RC-898 can be selected to
format tapes together.
4) Move the cursor to the sampling frequency
field, and use the UP and DOWN keys to choose
between 44.1 and 48 (kHz).
NOTE
If a digital signal is received at the DIGITAL IN connector
of the DTRS unit, and digital input has been selected (see
7.2.9, “Input selection”), the sampling frequency is decided
by the frequency of the incoming signal and cannot be
changed.
5) Move the cursor to the “control” field and use
the UP key to change the setting from off to
ready
6) Press the UP key again to change ready to
on.
The FORMAT indicator on each selected DTRS
unit will light.
The three values for this parameter prevent accidental formatting of a tape.
7) Press and hold the RECORD key and press the
PLAY key.
The tape will start to be formatted.
It is possible to record audio and format a tape at
the same time. This is done by arming the tracks
before step 5 above. However, if you do this, you
should not interrupt the formatting process halfway through a tape. Once you start formatting a
5-1
Section 5.2 - Monitoring
tape from the beginning, you should wait until the
end of the tape before rewinding and ejecting it.
NOTES
The display shows a negative ABS time for a few seconds at
the beginning of the tape. While a negative time is shown,
no audio can be recorded on the tape.
We suggest that you leave a blank header of at least 30 seconds at the beginning of the tape. This can be marked as a
virtual “zero point” if you like (see 6.3, “Setting a relative
time reference”).
5.1.3 Arming tracks
The tracks of the DTRS units are armed using the
REC FUNCTION keys with their indicators.
These keys and indicators only work for tracks of
units that are actually connected.
NOTE
Before recording, you should make sure that either digital or
analog inputs, as required, have been selected (see 7.2.9,
“Input selection”) and the appropriate clock settings have
been made (see 7.2.6, “Clock selection”).
5.1.5 Transport controls
The RC-898 shares a common interface with all
DTRS units with regard to transport functions
(including entering end exiting record mode).
Consult the relevant portions of the DTRS unit
manual if you are unsure of the way in which
transport operations are carried out.
One exception to this is the LOC key [41] which
does not appear on the front panel of DTRS units.
It is used to locate the tape to the value shown on
the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display [15]. For full
details of how this key is used and the location
facilities available from the RC-898, see 6, “Location functions”.
5.1.6 Shuttle mode
The RC-898 incorporates a jog dial and shuttle
wheel to allow precise positioning of the tape in
the DTRS units.
When the DATA INC/DEC indicator [27] is not
lit, moving either of these controls will control the
selected unit(s) appropriately.
NOTE
Armed tracks, i.e. those which are ready for
recording, are shown by their indicators flashing.
Tracks which are actually recording are shown by
their indicators being steadily lit.
When a DA-88 or DA-38 track is recording, the
INPUT MONITOR indicator will light, showing
that the monitoring for the tracks is from the input
source, rather than being off-tape. The INPUT
MONITOR keys are not operational with a DA-88
or DA-38 unit.
When operating a DA-98 unit, the INPUT MONITOR keys are operational, and can be used to
change between off-tape and source monitoring.
5.1.4 ALL SAFE
The ALL SAFE key [3] prevents accidental arming of tracks. When lit, all REC FUNCTION indicators go out, and the keys of both the RC-898 and
the DTRS unit or units (see 7.2.2, “Key Mode”
below) are locked (pressing them will not arm
tracks).
When the ALL SAFE key is pressed to turn off
the safe operation, the arming status of all tracks
will return to what it was before the ALL SAFE
key was pressed.
5-2
When the currently-selected unit is recording, the jog and
shuttle controls are disabled (this prevents accidental interruption of a take).
The indicators will go out 10 seconds after the
jog/shuttle controls are last used.
The shuttle wheel allows forward motion at the
following speeds (relative to normal speed): 8 x,
4 x, 2 x, 1 x, 1/2, 1/4. The same speeds, except for
1 x, are available in reverse mode. The further the
shuttle wheel is turned away from the center position in either the clockwise or counterclockwise
direction, the faster the tape will be moved.
The jog dial allows very precise positioning of the
tape to frame accuracy.
Monitoring during shuttling is explained below
(see 5.2.3, “Shuttle monitoring”).
5.2 Monitoring
The monitoring of off-tape and input source signals is complex, and varies a little between the
DA-88 and DA-38 units, and the DA-98 units, due
to the latter being provided with track-by-track
switching facilities between source and off-tape
monitoring, as well as the confidence mode
method of off-tape monitoring while recording
(see 7.2.12, “Confidence mode”).
Section 5.2 - Monitoring
Use the flowchart (5.2.5, “Monitoring flowchart”
and tables (5.2.6, “Monitoring tables”) for reference to the monitoring modes available.
1) From menu group 9, move the cursor to
StlMon and press SELECT:
Shuttle
The AUTO MON key [5] is used in punch recording, providing automatic switching between
source and off-tape monitoring as the punch-in
recording progresses. See 6.7, “Punch operations”
for full details.
5.2.1 ALL INPUT
The ALL INPUT key [4] allows the switching of
monitoringso that the output from all tracks on the
currently-selected unit, or all units if the Key
Mode has been enabled (see 7.2.2, “Key Mode”)
is from the input source.
5.2.2 INPUT MONITOR keys
These keys [2] are only operational when controlling a DA-98 unit. They are used to select off-tape
or source monitoring on a track-by-track basis.
For full details of how these keys are used, see
section 7 of the DA-98 manual.
However, these indicators will always show the
track monitoring status, regardless of the model of
DTRS unit connected to the RC-898. This can be
seen most clearly in punch-in mode (see 6.7,
“Punch operations”), when in conjunction with
the AUTO MON key [5], these indicators automatically change to show the monitoring status of
the tracks as the punch operations proceed.
Monitor
on
off
»
Machine
»
1
»
2
»
3
»
4
»
5
6
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to switch shuttle
monitoring on and off on a per-machine
basis.
5.2.4 Shuttle muting
98 DA-98 units incorporate a shuttle muting feature. The shuttle muting for DA-98 is enabled or
disabled from the RC-898 in the following way:
1) From menu group 2, move the cursor to Shtl
Mute, and press SELECT:
Shuttle
Mute
on
off
Machine
»
»
1
»
2
»
3
»
4
»
5
6
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to change the
setting between on and off for each machine.
For a full explanation of shuttle muting, see section 8.6.2 of the DA-98 manual.
Using the RC-898 REC FUNCTION keys to
change the status of any tracks while the ALL
INPUT function is on will lose the relationship
between the REC FUNCTION and INPUT
MONITOR status for individual tracks when ALL
INPUT is turned off again. Start recording or reset the REC FUNCTION keys to restore this
5.2.3 Shuttle monitoring
38 98 Shuttle monitoring can be enabled or disabled on a per-machine basis for DA-38 and DA98 units connected to the RC-898.
Briefly, the shuttle monitoring, when turned on,
mutes the replay from unarmed tracks, and monitors the input source of armed tracks when the
machine is in shuttle mode. A fuller explanation
of shuttle monitoring is given in section 9.1 (4) of
the DA-38 manual, and section 7.1.3 of the DA-98
manual.
5-3
Section 5.2 - Monitoring
5.2.5 Monitoring flowchart
What do I listen to ?
ALL INPUT ?
Y
N
REC
FUNCTION ?
Y
N
Y
STOP
FF,REW ?
AUTO MON ?
N
Y
JOG/
SHUTTLE ?
N
Y
JOG/
SHUTTLE ?
N
Y
Y
MUTE
SHTL MON ?
PLAY ?
N
Y
AUTO MON ?
N
N
Y
N
N
TAPE
SHTL MON ?
Y
SOURCE
This flowchart is applicable to DA-98 operations, provided that you have not made any manual monitor settings using the INPUT MONITOR keys, and that confidence mode is off.
5-4
5.2 - Monitoring
5.2.6 Monitoring tables
Table 1: DA-88 and DA-38
PLAY
REC
STOP, FF.
REW
JOG/
SHUTTLE
Tape
ALL INPUT on
Source
ALL INPUT off
AUTO MON off
AUTO MON on
REC FUNCTION on
REC FUNCTION off
Tape
Tape
Mute
REC FUNCTION on
Tape
Source
Source
REC FUNCTION off
Tape
Tape
Mute
See below
Table 2: DA-88 and DA-38 shuttle modes (ALL INPUT off, AUTO MON on)
JOG/SHUTTLE
JOG/ SHTL MON off
Tape
JOG/SHTL MON on REC FUNCTION on
REC FUNCTION off
Source
Mute
Table 3: DA-98
PLAY
REC
ALL INPUT on
ALL INPUT off
STOP, FF.
REW
JOG/
SHUTTLE
Selectable
Selectableb
Source
AUTO MON off
REC FUNCTION on
Selectablea
Source
Selectableb
REC FUNCTION off
AUTO MON on
REC FUNCTION on
REC FUNCTION off
Tape
Source
Source
See belowbc
Selectableb
a. “Selectable” means that when confidence mode is in operation, the INPUT MONITOR keys can be used to switch between
source and off-tape monitoring.
b. When the shuttle mute function is active (see 8.6.2 in the DA-98 manual), output is muted in these modes
c. When shuttle monitoring is turned off here, monitoring is off-tape, and when it is turned on, the input source is monitored
5-5
Section 5.2 - Monitoring
5-6
Section 6.1 - Reference modes
6 – Location functions
The RC-898 can store and recall up to 100 location memory positions, allowing you to find key
points in a recording project easily.
The contents of location memories (timecode values) are displayed on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE
LED display [15], and the number of the current
location memory is displayed on the MEMORY
NO. 2-digit LED display [14].
little time by ignoring the “frames” field when
entering and locating to location memories.
NOTE
The location and synchronization accuracy is not affected
by this function.
Accordingly, the RC-898 provides you with a way
to do this:
1) From the F menu group, move the cursor to
FrameDisp and press SELECT:
6.1 Reference modes
Before proceeding with an explanation of the way
in which location operations are carried out, it is
necessary to examine the way in which times are
displayed on the RC-898.
The RC-898 can use one of three time reference
modes to show the tape times of the DTRS units
connected to it, as shown on the timecode indicators [12]: ABS, REL and TC.
ABS refers to the absolute time, as determined
from the servo track of the DTRS tape.
TC refers to timecode read from the timecode
track of the DTRS unit. However, since the RC898 does not accept timecode directly, this need
not be actual timecode, but in the case of a DA-98
or DA-88, may be pseudo-timecode, “synthesized” from the ABS values (see 8.1.2, “Synthesizing timecode from ABS times”).
REL refers to the time value, relative to a userdefined reference point (see 6.3, “Setting a relative
time reference”).
Cue points may be set “on-the-fly” or entered
manually, and copied from a cue list. All cue
points may be edited and “trimmed” to frame
accuracy.
For faster entry and editing, cue points may
optionally be displayed and edited to second accuracy, ignoring the “frames” field.
6.2 Setting the precision
The RC-898 typically displays to frame-based
precision (although in fact, the location and synchronization is to sample precision).
However, it is not always necessary to work to this
degree of accuracy, and you may want to save a
Frame
Display
on
2) Use the UP or DOWN key to change from on
to off.
When frame display is set on, the last two digits
of the display will be used for the frames field of
location memories, and the RC-898 expects frames
to be entered as part of time values. When set to
off, the frames field is ignored (i.e. always
assumed to be zero).
6.3 Setting a relative time
reference
This operation is equivalent to pressing the “reset”
button on a numerical tape counter to set the value
to “0000”. When the RC-898 is in relative mode,
the time shown on the TAPE TIME display [13]
becomes relative to a zero point which you set.
This zero point is referenced to the first DTRS
unit in the chain.
1) From the F menu group, move the cursor to
DispTime and press SELECT:
Display
Time
Absolute
2) Use the UP or DOWN key to change
Absolute to Relative.
The REL indicator [12] will light to show that the
RC-898 is now displaying times in relative mode.
6-1
Section 6.4 - ABS setting
3) When the tape is at the time you want to make
the “zero” point, press the CAPTURE key [29].
The current time value from the first DTRS unit
will be displayed on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE
display [15].
2) Press the 0 key on the numeric keypad,
followed by ENTER/LOAD.
The LOCATE TIME/VALUE display will now
show the actual time value of the “zero point”.
3) Press the LOC key [41].
4) Press the STR key [17].
The MEMORY NO. display [14] will start to flash.
5) Press the numeric keypad’s 0 key, and then
press the ENTER/LOAD key [20] to enter the
current time into the 00 location memory.
The TAPE TIME display will now show
00:00:00:00, showing that it is now at zero,
relative to the time you have just captured.
If the display shows something other than
00:00:00:00, this means that the tape is now at
a position other than the point where you captured
the time (i.e. the tape was playing or recording).
All times now are relative to this time. Any locations will now be shown on the TAPE TIME display relative to the new 00 memory. For example,
if the relative “zero point” is set to
00:30:00:00, when the tape is at the absolute
location of 00:45:00:00, the value shown on
the TAPE TIME display will be 00:15:00:00
(45 – 30). However, even though the value shown
on the TAPE TIME display changes, neither the
actual tape position nor values shown on the
LOCATE TIME/VALUE display are affected.
Absolute settings
00:00:00:00
00:45:00:00
The tape will return to the nominal “zero point”
and the TAPE TIME display will show
00:00:00:00.
6.4 ABS setting
The ABS setting allows you to use the subcode on
the servo track of the DTRS unit as the time reference of the RC-898. Usually, this starts at
00:00:00:00, and continues for the length of
the tape.
However, there are some options available with
the ABS mode, which increase the flexibility of
the system. These are described in 8.1.2, “Synthesizing timecode from ABS times”, and allow you
to start with an offset, etc. when synsthesizing
timecode.
6.4.1 A note on ABS frame rate
When ABS is selected, the number of frames per
second is different from that in any timecode
mode. For details of setting SMPTE/EBU frame
rates, see 8.1.3, “Selecting a timecode type”.
Timecode (whether SMPTE or EBU) contains a
fixed number of frames per second. However, the
ABS method of timing works in a slightly different way.
In three seconds of time, there are 100 frames.
These frames are allocated as follows:
Relative settings
00:00:00:00
.00:30:00:00 New
00:15:00:00
TAPE TIME display
“zero”
point
A minus value is shown on the displays either
with a leading minus sign (–) on the TAPE TIME
display, or with a leading period (.) on the
LOCATE TIME/VALUE display.
6.3.1 “Return-to-zero”
Since the RC-898 works on time-based, rather
than counter-based, references, there is no dedicated “RTZ” control. However, you can return to
the zero point using the following procedure:
1) Press the RCL key [18].
The MEMORY NO. indicator will start to flash.
6-2
Second
Number of Maximum frame
frames
value displayed
00 – 01
01 – 02
02 – 03
33
33
34
32
32
33
This pattern is repeated every three seconds, as
you will notice when you set frame values using
the menu system in ABS mode. When multiple
DTRS units are connected together in DTRS sync
mode, the master unit always outputs ABS timings to the slave unit(s).
6.4.2 Selecting Time Mode
Each DTRS unit in the chain capable of
using timecode (i.e. DA-98 and DA-88/SY-88
units) can be changed to use either timecode or
ABS timing.
98 88
Section 6.5 - Location operations
The time mode selected here is the reference time
mode for punch operations, location operations,
etc.
1) From menu group 0, move the cursor to
Loc Pre, and press SELECT:
Locate
Pre-roll
1) From menu group 3, move the cursor to
TimeMode and press SELECT:
Time
00min00sec
Mode
TC
ABS
Machine
»
»
1
»
2
»
3
»
4
»
5
6
In the above screen, all machines are referenced to
the ABS time.
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
ABS and TC settings.
NOTES
Note that these settings show the way in which the position
on the DTRS unit is shown on the TAPE TIME display and
may also be used to control the chase mode of the DTRS
units as described in 8.1.8, “Chasing to external timecode”.
6.5 Location operations
Location transport operations on the RC-898 are
mainly controlled using the LOC key [41]. This
key, which has no equivalent on the DTRS units,
allows the instant location of the tape to the value
shown in the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display.
However, it is also possible to set a locate pre-roll
time, and if this is set to a non-zero value, locating
to a position will move the tape to the time shown
in the display, minus the pre-roll value.
2) Use the LEFT and RIGHT keys to move
between the min and sec fields, and set the
values using the UP and DOWN keys.
It is also possible to use the numeric keypad here.
The “hours” and “frames” digits of the value
shown in the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display will
be ignored, and only the “minutes” and “seconds”
used.
The maximum value that may be set here is
59min59sec, and the minimum value is
00min00sec. It is not possible to have a
negative pre-roll time.
NOTES
The values set here apply to the RC-898 location functions,
and are not affect settings made on the DTRS units connected to the RC-898.
The values set here do not apply to the auto-punch operation
pre-roll time, which is set using a separate menu (see 6.7.5,
“Setting pre-roll and post-roll times”).
6.5.2 Auto play
When the DTRS unit reaches the location point, it
will normally go into stop mode.
However, if the AUTO PLAY indicator [33] is on,
the unit will automatically start playing when the
location point is reached.
For example, if the pre-roll time is set to 5 seconds, and the time shown in the LOCATE TIME/
VALUE display is 01:23:03:02, when the
LOC key is pressed, the tape will locate to
01:22:58:02. This allows time for cueing,
slave unit lock-up, etc.
6.5.3 “Instant” location
NOTE
2) At any point following the capture, press the
LOC key to return to the location point that has
just been captured.
In the following explanations, in the interests of clarity and
brevity, we will refer to the units locating to the location
time. This should always be assumed to be the location time
minus the location offset, unless specifically mentioned
otherwise.
6.5.1 Setting the location pre-roll value
To set the pre-roll value which will be used by
location operations:
If you are playing back or recording, and you wish
to mark a point for later one-time location:
1) Press the CAPTURE key [29] at the point
where you wish to return.
It is not necessary to stop the tape before pressing
LOC. Location can be performed while the unit’s
transport is in any mode, including fast forward
and rewind.
You can now “fine-tune” this time value (see 6.5.5,
“Editing a location”). This location point may also
be stored in a location memory (see 6.5.6, “Storing
6-3
Section 6.5 - Location operations
the location in a memory”) and recalled for later
use.
6.5.4 Manual entry of a location point
You can also use the numeric keypad to enter a
time value manually from a cue list, etc. to which
you can locate.
Time values are entered from the right of the display, which is cleared as soon as a number key is
pressed. For instance, to enter a value of
01:25:34:12, the following keys should be
pressed:
1
00:00:00:01 (display is cleared and
starts flashing)
2
00:00:00:12
5
00:00:01:25
3
00:00:12:53
4
00:01:25:34
1
00:12:53:41
2
01:25:34:12
ENTER/LOAD (stops display flashing and enters the
value)
6.5.6 Storing the location in a memory
There are 100 memories into which location time
values may be stored, numbered from 00 to 99.
The location memory which is currently in used is
shown in the 2-digit MEMORY NO. display [14].
As mentioned above (6.3, “Setting a relative time
reference”), location 00 is used for special purposes, such as storing the “zero” reference point in
relative time mode. We therefore suggest that you
do not use location memory 00 as a general location point.
NOTE
Location memories stored on the RC-898 are completely
independent of either the MEMO 1 and MEMO 2 points
stored in the DTRS units, or of the 10 extra memory locations which may be stored in a DA-98 unit.
1) Enter or capture a location time (you do not
need to press ENTER in this case).
2) Press the STR key [17].
Note that the ENTER/LOAD key [20] is used to
confirm the entry.
If you make a mistake entering the value, you can
stop the entry procedure with the CANCEL key
[19]. The display will stop flashing.
This time value can now be used for “instant”
location (simply press the LOC key [41]) or
stored in a location memory for further use (see
6.5.6, “Storing the location in a memory”).
6.5.5 Editing a location
When a location has been captured or entered as
described above, it can be edited using the jog dial
[28].
1) Ensure that the DATA INC/DEC indicator [27]
is lit.
If this indicator is not lit, the JOG dial will control
the tape transport.
2) Use the JOG dial to adjust the value of the
location point.
The LOCATE TIME/VALUE display will stop
flashing, and the MEMORY NO. display [14] will
start to flash.
3) Use the numeric keypad [16] to enter the
number of the location memory into which you
want to store the value.
The number will “fill up” from the right. If you
want to store the time value in memory 03, for
example, you only need to press the 3 key, but if
you want to store it in memory 13, press the 1 key,
followed by the 3 key.
You can also use the JOG dial as a data dial (when
the DATA INC/DEC indicator [27] is lit) to select
the location memory.
4) Press the ENTER/LOAD key [20].
The MEMORY NO. display will stop flashing, and
the value is stored in the location memory.
If you enter the wrong location memory, press the
CANCEL [19] key. The MEMORY NO. display
will stop flashing and will return to its previous
value.
3) To confirm this edited value, either locate to the
position that you have just edited, or store the
edited value into the location memory.
6.5.7 Recalling a location memory
4) To use the JOG dial as a transport control
again, press the DATA INC/DEC key so that the
indicator goes out.
1) Press the RCL key [18].
6-4
To recall and locate to a time value stored in a
location memory:
The MEMORY NO. display [14] will start to flash.
Section 6.6 - Repeating a section
2) Use the numeric keypad [16] to enter the
number of the location memory you want to
recall.
The number will “fill up” from the right. If you
want to recall memory 03, for example, you only
need to press the 3 key, but if you want to recall
memory 13, press the 1 key, followed by the 3
key.
3) Press the ENTER/LOAD key [20].
The MEMORY NO. display will stop flashing, and
the time value stored in that memory will appear
on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display.
4) Press the LOC key [41].
The tape will locate to the location point that has
just been recalled.
If you enter a location memory in which nothing
has been stored, this is not an error, but the
LOCATE TIME/VALUE display will show
00:00:00:00.
If you enter the wrong location memory, press the
CANCEL [19] key. The MEMORY NO. display
will stop flashing and return to its previous value..
6.5.8 Repeated entry of location points
You can also use the CUE STR key [39] to store a
series of location points as a tape is played.
1) Recall a location memory.
The location memory immediately after the
recalled memory will be overwritten, so make sure
that it is a location you do not want to keep.
2) Start playing (or recording) the tape.
The order of steps 1) and 2) can be reversed.
3) Press the CUE STR key.
The current tape location will be stored into the
location memory following the one you have just
recalled. No confirmation is necessary.
The LOCATE TIME/VALUE display will now
show the value of the time just stored in the location memory, and the MEMORY NO. display will
show the memory number in which it has been
stored.
Pressing the CUE STR key again will store the
new tape location into the next memory location.
These location memories can be recalled and
edited in the same way as location memories
entered in any other way. There is also one level of
undo available to replace one location memory
which may have been entered accidentally. See
6.7.4, “Undo function” for details. Note that there
is no “redo” function available.
6.5.9 Editing a location memory
When a memory has been recalled, it is possible to
edit it, either by replacing the contents with a
value entered from the numeric keypad or using
the jog/shuttle controls:
1) Use the DATA INC/DEC key [27] to set the jog/
shuttle controls into data editing mode.
2) Use the JOG dial [28] to “nudge” the values
displayed on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE
display [15].
The value will flash.
3) Confirm the entry with the STR key [17].
The LOCATE TIME/VALUE display will stop
flashing, and the MEMORY NO. display [14] will
start to flash.
4) Press the ENTER/LOAD key to store the edited
value to the same location memory, or the
numeric keypad, followed by the ENTER/
LOAD key to store the edited value to a
different location.
6.6 Repeating a section
You can set two points, independently of the location memories, which allow you to repeat playback continuously between them.
NOTE
The points that are set here using the RC-898 are independent of any repeat points set on the DTRS units. When
repeat times are set using the RC-898, the repeat function is
not available from the DTRS front panel.
1) From menu group 3, move the cursor to
Repeat, and press SELECT:
Repeat
Start/End
Machine
1
30ND
Start
00:00:00:00
2) Use the DOWN key to select the Start
parameter if it is not already visible.
6-5
Section 6.7 - Punch operations
3) Move the cursor to the time fields, and use the
UP and DOWN keys to set the time value.
Alternatively, you can use the numeric keypad to
set the time value.
4) Move the cursor to the Start parameter,
and press the UP key to select the End
parameter.
6.7.2 Checking punch points
The punch points can be checked and recalled in
the same way as any other location memory.
1) Press the RCL key.
The MEMORY NO. display will start to flash.
2) Press either the IN or the OUT key, as
appropriate.
5) Set the time values for the End point.
6) Press the REPEAT key (the indicator will light)
to start the repeat between the two points.
The Start and End times must be at least 5
seconds apart, otherwise repeat play cannot take
place.
If the End time is set, and the Start time is
set to a time after the End time, when the
REPEAT key is pressed, the two time points will
be swapped, so that the Start comes before the
End.
When you are editing the repeat times, the DTRS
unit tries to take into account the fact that the
End should follow the Start, and automatically attempts to adjust the entries as they are
made so that they are consistent.
The time value of the punch-in or the punch-out
point will be shown on the LOCATE TIME/
VALUE display.
•
The LOC key can be now be used for instant
location to the punch-in or punch-out point.
•
The PRRL key [34] will also locate to the preroll time minus the punch pre-roll time (see
6.7.5, “Setting pre-roll and post-roll times” for
details of setting this value). This is independent of the location pre-roll time (see 6.5.1,
“Setting the location pre-roll value”).
In addition to checking the actual punch positions,
you can also check the length of the punch time:
1) Press the RCL key.
The MEMORY NO. display will start to flash.
2) Press and hold down the IN key.
6.7 Punch operations
Automatic punch recording operations are closely
linked to location memory, and so are described
here.
6.7.1 Setting punch points
To set the punch-in and punch-out points:
•
While the tape is playing, press the IN and
OUT keys as appropriate at the right time.
•
Alternatively, you can use the numeric keypad
to enter a time value for the in or out point.
•
While the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display is
flashing, press the IN or OUT key as appropriate. The display will stop flashing, and the
MEMORY NO. display will show in or ot,
depending on whether the value has been
stored as the punch-in or punch-out point.
NOTE
Setting a punch-out time which comes before the punch-in
time is meaningless, and will not be automatically corrected
by the RC-898. If you try to perform a punch operation with
the punch points set in this way, the tape will locate to the
punch-in point (minus the punch pre-roll time) and then
stop.
6-6
3) While holding down the IN key, press the OUT
key.
The time between the two punch points will be
shown on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display.
6.7.3 Editing punch points
1) Press the RCL key, followed by the IN or OUT
key.
The punch-in or punch-out value (as appropriate)
will be shown on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE
display.
2) If the DATA INC/DEC indicator [27] is not lit,
press the DATA INC/DEC key so that the
indicator is lit.
3) Use the JOG dial to adjust the value of the
punch-in or punch-out point.
4) After adjusting the value, press the IN or the
OUT key as appropriate to store the new value
into the punch memory.
6.7.4 Undo function
If you have stored a punch in or out value and
overwritten it in error, there is an “undo” function,
Section 6.7 - Punch operations
which allows you to restore the previous version.
Only one level of undo is allowed, and if no value
has been stored in the in or out memory prior to
the wrong value being entered, no undo is possible. To undo the wrong entry:
1) Press and hold down the CANCEL key, and
press either the IN or the OUT key, depending
on the memory store operation that you want
to undo.
The previously-stored memory value will be
shown on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE display.
This undo function can also be used with the “onthe-fly” location memory store function (see
6.5.8, “Repeated entry of location points”)to
delete a cue point entered in error. In this case, the
CUE STR key, rather than the IN or OUT key,
should be pressed while the CANCEL key is held
down.
1) From menu group 1, move the cursor to
X-fade and press SELECT:
Crossfade
Machine
060
6.7.7 Rehearsing the punch recording
1) Arm the track(s) which will be used for
recording.
The REC FUNCTION indicators [1] of these
tracks will flash, and the INPUT MONITOR indicators [2] will light.
2) Press the AUTO MON key [5].
This corresponds to pressing the AUTO MON key
of a DA-98 unit or the INSERT key of a DA-38, or
pressing the AUTO INPUT and INSERT keys
together on a DA-88 unit.
The PRRL key can be used to locate to the punchin time, minus the punch pre-roll time set here.
Preroll
Postroll
Machine
1
Pre
Post
00m05s
00m03s
2) The times may be set up to a maximum of 59
minutes, 59 seconds, using the cursor keys or
the numerical keypad.
The values shown above (5 seconds and 3 seconds)
are the factory default values for pre-roll and postroll, respectively.
These values are also the minimum values. Any
attempt to set a value less than these will cause the
setting to revert to the minimum value.
6.7.6 Crossfade times
Crossfading is used in digital recording to provide
a “seamless” punch operation.
ms
Use the UP and DOWN keys to change the value,
or the last digits of a value entered with the
numeric keypad.
6.7.5 Setting pre-roll and post-roll times
1) From menu group 1, move the cursor to Pre/
Post, and press SELECT:
1
2) On DA-98 units, the time can be set from
10ms to 200ms in 10ms increments. On DA38 and DA-88 units, the increments are still
10ms, but the time can be set from 10ms to
90ms.
Please note that there is no “redo” function.
These times used for punch operations only, and
are independent of the pre-roll time described in
6.5.1, “Setting the location pre-roll value”.
Time
3) Press the RHSL key [35].
• The tape will locate to the punch pre-roll point
and start playing. The INPUT MONITOR
indicators of the armed tracks will go out,
showing that monitoring is off-tape.
•
When the tape reaches the punch-in point, the
RECORD key [40] will start to flash. The
INPUT MONITOR indicators will light, showing that source monitoring is now enabled.
•
When the tape reaches the punch-out point, the
RECORD key will go out. The INPUT MONITOR indicators will also go out .
•
When the tape reaches the post-roll point, it
will stop.
•
To repeat the rehearsal, press the RHSL key
again.
•
The rehearsal can be interrupted at any time by
pressing the STOP key.
6.7.8 Performing the punch recording
1) With the tracks armed, and the AUTO MON
indicator lit, press the AUTO PUNCH key [36].
6-7
Section 6.7 - Punch operations
•
The tape will locate to the punch pre-roll point
and start playing. The INPUT MONITOR
indicators of the armed tracks will go out,
showing that monitoring is off-tape.
•
When the tape reaches the punch-in point, the
RECORD key [40] will light, and the
RECORD FUNCTION indicators of the
armed tracks will also light steadily.
•
The INPUT MONITOR indicators will light,
showing that source monitoring is now
enabled.
•
When the tape reaches the punch-out point, the
RECORD key will go out and the RECORD
FUNCTION indicators of the armed tracks
will start to flash. The INPUT MONITOR
indicators will also go out .
•
When the tape reaches the post-roll point, it
will stop.
•
To repeat the take, press the AUTO PUNCH
key again.
•
The take can be interrupted at any time by
pressing the STOP key.
•
Check the punched material by pressing the
PRRL key and locating to the punch pre-roll
point . If the AUTO PLAY indicator is lit while
the pre-roll location is taking place, playback
will start automatically when the pre-roll point
is reached.
NOTE
When you are satisfied with the take, remember to turn off
the AUTO MON setting and unarm the tracks.
6-8
Section 7.1 - Track operations
7 – Making settings on the
DTRS units
This section covers the operations which relate to
the DTRS units, other than those specifically
related to timecode.
7.1 Track operations
The following series of operations relate to individual tracks of the DTRS units connected to the
RC-898.
7.1.1 Track delay
When recording or playing back, tracks on a
DTRS unit may be delayed by up to 7200 samples, or advanced relative to other tracks up to a
value of 200 samples.
This is possible due to the design of the recording
and monitoring heads in the DTRS mechanism.
1) From menu group 0, move the cursor to
Delay and press SELECT:
delay times for different DTRS units in the chain
easily (to slip times, etc.).
When track 48 is shown on the display, pressing
the UP key will select tracks 41-48. Subsequent
presses of the UP key will select the other DTRS
units in order, working towards the head of the
chain.
4) Move the cursor to the numerical value field
and use the UP and DOWN keys or the numeric
keypad to enter a value.
The +/– key of the numeric keypad allows you to
enter negative values here, as shown by the period
after the last digit in the LOCATE TIME/VALUE
display.
5) If you prefer to work in sample values, rather
than milliseconds, move the cursor to the
msec field and change it to sample with
the DOWN key.
The delay value is now converted to samples at the
current sampling frequency, and is up to 4 digits
long.
7.1.2 Track copying
Track
01
Delay
Time
000
msec
2) Use either the UP key or the numeric keypad to
change the track number by individual track.
NOTE
The track number here may be set from 01 to 48. Tracks
refer only to DTRS units, not to any other equipment which
may be using the REC FUNCTION switches of tracks 41
through 46.
3) When track 1 is shown, you can press the
DOWN key to select the eight tracks of the first
DTRS unit. Continue pressing the DOWN key
to select the tracks in groups of eight for the
subsequent DTRS units (i.e. 9-16, 17-24,
etc.):
Track
Delay
Time
This operation allows the assignment of
inputs (either digital or analog) on a track-by-track
basis. This facility is not available on DA-88 units.
This means that a patchbay is not required to
reroute input signals
38 98
As well as external inputs, tracks which have
already been recorded can be used as recording
sources. This feature therefore allows tracks to be
copied within a unit.
It does not allow routing or copying of tracks
between machines, nor does it allow the combination (“ping-pong” of tracks). For these operations,
an external patching or mixing system is required.
For further details of this feature, consult section
8.11 of the DA-98 manual, or 4-7 of the DA-38
manual.
1) From menu group 0, move the cursor to Trk
Copy and press SELECT:
Track
Copy
Mcn
1
Input
12345678
(Ana)
12345678
off
Tape
Track
1-8
000
msec
Any changes to the delay time made when a group
fo eight tracks is shown will affect the delay time
of all tracks on the unit. This allows you to set the
7-1
Section 7.2 - Unit-related functions
2) To enable track copying on the selected
machine, move the cursor to off and use the
UP key to change it to on.
In the screen above, analog inputs 1 through 8 are
routed to destination tracks 1 through 8 (shown on
the bottom line of the display)on a “one-to-one”
basis.
3) To change the routing of the inputs, use the UP
and DOWN keys to select the different inputs
or tape tracks to be used as recording sources.
“daisy-chain” described in 3.1, “Connection to
DTRS units”
To set sync chase mode on or off for a particular
DTRS unit:
1) Press the CHASE key [31].
The word CHASE will start to flash in the
LOCATE TIME/VALUE display.
2) Use the numeric keypad to enter the number of
the DTRS unit that you want to set.
The screen below shows tracks 1 through 4 accepting digital inputs 1 through 4, while the signals
previously recorded on these tracks are copied to
tracks 5 through 8.
Track
Copy
Mcn
Input
1234
(Dig)
Tape
12345678
on
7.1.3 Rec Mute function
98 The rec mute function allows you to prevent
any input signals from reaching armed tracks,
which would otherwise be recording. This may be
used to record periods of silence, etc. This muting
is available on a track-by-track basis.
1) From menu group 1, move the cursor to Rec
Mute, and press SELECT:
Rec
Mute
Mcn
Chase mode is enabled, and the slave is now
locked to the master.
fast flash Chase mode is enabled, but the slave unit is not
yet locked (the slave unit is in fast forward,
rewind, etc.).
slow flash Chase mode is enabled, but the slave unit is not
yet locked (unit is in stop mode)
Chase mode is disabled (or the unit is turned off
off
or not connected).
on
When the master unit (ID 1) is controlled, the
slave units which have their chase mode set will
chase the master unit. As they lock, the LOCK
STATUS indicators will light steadily, as will the
CHASE indicators on the DTRS units.
1
NOTE
On
Off
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
»
Trk
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2) Use the LEFT and RIGHT cursor keys to select
a track, and the UP and DOWN keys to turn
the muting on and off.
7.2 Unit-related functions
The following functions affect the settings of the
whole unit, on a unit-by-unit basis.
7.2.1 Chasing to ABS sync
Units which are not the first unit in the chain will
typically chase the first unit in the chain using the
ABS synchronization facility.
This is different from chasing to timecode, which
is described in 8.1.8, “Chasing to external timecode”. Chasing to a DTRS master requires that
there is a properly-terminated sync and control
7-2
The appropriate LOCK STATUS indicator [9] will
now show the chase status of the DTRS unit, as
will the CHASE indicators on the DTRS units..
1
1234
Track
This will toggle the chase status of the DTRS unit
between on and off.
If the CHASE key is pressed followed by the numeric keypad 0 key, this will toggle the chase status of all slave DTRS
units.
Remember that DA-88 units, although their ID
numbering starts at 0, should be regarded as starting at 1. The IDs for DA-38 and DA-98 units start
at 1 in any case.
7.2.2 Key Mode
Using this function, you can select either all
DTRS units connected to the RC-898, or just one
unit, to be controlled by the ALL SAFE [3], ALL
INPUT [4] and AUTO MON [5] keys.
Section 7.2 - Unit-related functions
1) From menu group F, move the cursor to Key
Mode, and press SELECT:
Key
Mode
3) Use the numeric keypad to enter an offset value
which is shown on the LOCATE TIME/VALUE
display. The +/- key of the numeric keypad is
used to change between positive and negative
values.
The offset value may be ±2 hours relative to the
master time.
All
2) Use the UP or DOWN key to select between
All and Individual.
If you select Individual, only that unit currently selected for control (see 5.1.1, “Selecting
the unit to which operations refer”) will be controlled by the three keys mentioned above. If you
select All, then all DTRS units connected will
respond to the commands of the ALL SAFE, ALL
INPUT and AUTO MON keys.
NOTE
There is an “invisible” field immediately to the right of the
frames field. If you place the cursor there and increment or
decrement the value, you can change the time as a whole (as
the frame field passes its maximum value, the seconds field
will increment).
The Auto Offset function described below can also
be used to set the offset.
7.2.3 Chasing with an offset
It is not always required that the DTRS units are in
perfect synchronization with each other.
For instance, it may be that three DTRS units are
being used for video post-production purposes.
The dialog and Foley tracks of a project have been
recorded on one DTRS tape (up to eight tracks),
and the backing music has been recorded on two
more tapes (16 tracks). Obviously, the units
replaying the two music tapes should be synchronized to each other, but the music may need to be
“slipped” relative to the dialog and Foley unit
(which is, in turn, synchronized to the timecode
on the video, as described in 8.1.8, “Chasing to
external timecode”).
Once the dialog and Foley is synchronized to the
video timecode, “slipping” the two music units is
accomplished in the following way:
1) From menu group 3, move the cursor to Mcn
Offset and press SELECT:
Machine
You can also use the cursor keys to enter a value
directly on the display screen.
4) Transfer the value to the display screen by
pressing and holding down the SHIFT key [23]
and pressing the ENTER/LOAD key [20].
5) Use the SHIFT and UP (NEXT) keys to select
any other units which will chase with an offset.
When the master DTRS unit plays, the slave units
should now chase at the offset value you have set
up.
If an offset value is set on any unit or units, and
the Time Mode is set to ABS, the OFFSET indicator [10] will light.
If you need to “fine-tune” these values, you can
use the UP and DOWN keys to adjust the value of
the offset while monitoring the playback of the
units.
If adjustment finer than a frame is required, it is
suggested that you use the Track Delay function
(see 7.1.1, “Track delay”).
Offset
Machine
+00:00:00:00
7.2.4 Auto Offset function
2
ABS
2) Choose the first machine which will take the
chase offset (in the illustration above, we show
machine 2) by using the SHIFT and UP (NEXT)
keys.
In addition to the manual offset entry, it is also
possible to set an offset automatically by following the procedure below:
1) From menu group 3, move the cursor to
McnOffset and press SELECT.
7-3
Section 7.2 - Unit-related functions
2) Use the RIGHT key to move the cursor to a
second “invisible” field to the right of the
frames field. The display will appear as follows:
1) From menu group E, move the cursor to either
Abs Diff (absolute) or Rel Diff
(relative).
There is no need to press SELECT here.
Machine
Offset
Machine
AUTO
2) The appropriate difference value will be
displayed on the bottom line of the display
screen.
2
OFFSET
3) Locate the two tapes (master and slave) so that
they have the right offset.
You can play up the tapes and pause them once
they have been lined up, or carry out the next step
while either or both of the tapes is being replayed.
4) Press either the UP or DOWN key at the
correct offset time to capture and store the
offset.
7.2.6 Clock selection
The word clock (as opposed to the timecode clock
source) of a DTRS unit is usually selected using
the CLOCK key on the front panel. However, the
RC-898 can be used to select the input clock.
•
In ABS time mode, the clocks of all DTRS
units will be set together, following the setting
of the first machine in the chain.
•
However, as explained below in 8.1.11, “Independent clock settings”. they can also be set
independently.
NOTES
The value entered in this way can be edited
using the technique described above.
later
1) From menu group 9, move the cursor to
Clock, and press SELECT:
Offsets cannot be set from unformatted tapes, nor
if either tape is displaying a negative ABS value.
Clock
Machine
1
7.2.5 Checking the offset
The offset of a slave DTRS unit relative to its master may be checked (“absolute” difference), as
well as the difference (if any) between the
intended offset and the actual offset (“relative”
difference). In practice, usually there will be no
difference between the intended and actual offset,
resulting in a relative difference of zero.
As an example, consider the following:
A slave machine has its offset set to +00:10:00:00,
and while chasing, the two machines’ tape
counters read as follows:
Master
Slave
10:15:12:12
10:05:12:08
Here, the difference between the master and the
slave times (the “absolute difference” is now
00:10:00:04, and this is what is shown if we examine the absolute difference.
Int
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
Int and Word and (in the case of SY-88equipped DA-88s and DA-98 units) Video.
7.2.7 Output timing
On the DA-88, regardless of whether an SY-88
synchronizer board is fitted or not, there is a facility to use either Digital or Analog output mode for
exact synchronization when dubbing between
DTRS units, etc.
88
Note that while it is possible to output both digital
and analog signals simultaneously, there two sets
of signals will be out of sync with each other.
1) From menu group 9, move the cursor to
OutputTim (output timing) and press
SELECT:
Output
However, the result of subtracting the intended
offset from the absolute difference is 4 frames,
and this is the “relative difference”, which may
also be examined as described below:
7-4
Digital
Timing
»
»
»
»
»
»
Analog
Machine
1
2
3
4
5
6
Section 7.2 - Unit-related functions
2) Use the LEFT and RIGHT keys to select a unit,
and the UP and DOWN keys to change the
setting between Digital and Analog.
See p15 and pp25-26 of the DA-88 manual for further information regarding this facility.
7.2.8 Varispeed (pitch control)
The DTRS design allows for ±6.0% speed control,
in 0.1% increments.
7.2.10 Word length
38 98 The DA-38 and DA-98 units are able to
accept digital data at their digital I/O connectors at
either 16-bit, 20-bit or 24-bit word lengths. These
settings are made in the following way:
1) From menu group 2, move the cursor to Word
Len, and press SELECT:
TDIF
1) From menu group 0, move the cursor to Vari
Spd, and press SELECT:
Vari
Word
Machine
16
Speed
Machine
Fix
1
+
Length
1
bit
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
16, 20 and 24 bit word length of incoming
data, which will be converted to 16 bits for
recording purposes.
0.0%
2) Use the UP key to change Fix to Vari, or
the DOWN key to change Vari to Fix.
The VARI indicator [10] will light if Vari is
selected, even if the setting is 0.0%, and will go
out if Fix is selected, even if the setting is not
zero.
3) Move the cursor to the right (numeric) field,
and use the UP and DOWN keys to set the
value.
NOTE
The varispeed function is only available if the unit clock has
been set to internal (see 7.2.6, “Clock selection”) and the
video resolve function (see 8.2.10, “Video resolve”) is
off.
7.2.9 Input selection
DTRS units can accept either digital or analog
inputs. The choice of which inputs are to be used
for each machine is made in the following way:
1) From menu group 9, move the cursor to
InputSel and press SELECT:
If you select a value higher than 16, you may
want to experiment with the Dither settings (see
7.2.11, “Dither”, below), as this may help with distortion, though a little may be lost from the signalto-noise ratio.
7.2.11 Dither
38 98 Dithering, in digital audio, is the technique of adding a known noise signal to a lowlevel input signal, especially when converting
from a word length with a higher number of bits
than the destination (see 7.2.10, “Word length”
above).
Paradoxically, this technique removes quantization noise and improves overall distortion figures,
though at the slight expense of the signal-to-noise
ratio. The DA-38 implements an “on/off” dither
function, and the DA-98 allows two “shapes” of
dither. See section 4-8 of the DA-38 manual or
8.13 of the DA-98 manual for further details.
1) From menu group 1, move the cursor to
Dither and press SELECT:
Dither
Input
Select
Machine
Digital
Analog
Machine
»
»
»
1
»
2
»
3
1
»
off
4
5
6
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
the digital and analog input sources for each
unit.
In the screen above, units 1 through 4 are accepting analog signals, while 5 and 6 are using TDIF 1 digital inputs.
2) Allowable values for DA-38 units are on and
off. The DA-98 allows the following settings
to be made: off, triangular and
rectangular.
See the section 8.13 of the DA-98 manual for a
discussion of rectangular vs. triangular dither
modes.
7-5
Section 7.2 - Unit-related functions
7.2.12 Confidence mode
98 The DA-98 allows off-tape monitoring while
recording (confidence mode). This can be
switched on or off on a per-machie basis.
However, since there is a slight delay between the
input signal and its replay in confidence mode,
you should not use confidence mode in the following circumstances:
•
When making punch recordings, as you will
not be able to hear the exact timings for punch
operations.
•
When operating a mixed chain of DA-98s and
other units. The delay introduced by confidence mode on the DA-98 will make these
tracks appear to be out of time with the other
tracks.
However, confidence mode can be very useful
when making test recordings so that you can
instantly hear the effects of different dither settings (see 7.2.11, “Dither”), or to monitor possible
clipping at high recording levels on a test take,
allowing you to “back off” the level a little before
making a final recording.
1) From menu group 9, move the cursor to
ConfdMod and press SELECT:
Confidence
Analog
In/Out
Reference
Level
Machine
-16
1
dB
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
-16, -18 and -20 dB.
The appropriate reference level indicator(s) next to
the meters on the DA-98 unit will light. See section 8-7 of the DA-98 manual for further details of
reference levels.
7.2.14 Meter modes
98 On the DA-98, the peak hold time and the
decay ballistics of the meters can be changed.
1) From menu group 2, move the cursor to
MeterMode and press SELECT:
Level
Meter
Machine
Peak
0
Hold
sec
Mode
1
Release
Fast
2) Move the cursor to the Peak Hold setting,
and choose between the following values: 0
through 9 seconds (in 1-second increments)
and continue.
Mode
Machine
1) From menu group 2, move the cursor to Ref
Level and press SELECT:
1
The continue setting sets an infinite peak
hold time. The peak levels can be reset by setting
the time to 0 seconds.
off
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
the three states: off, ready and on.
Confidence mode is selected using this three-state
switch to prevent accidental switching of the unit
into confidence mode, which might otherwise
cause confusion when performing monitoring
operations.
3) Move the cursor to the Release setting, and
choose between the following release times:
Fast, Medium and Slow.
The meter functions are described in section 8.8 of
the DA-98 manual.
7.2.15 Sine oscillator
7.2.13 Reference levels
The reference level for analog I/O on the DA98 can be set to one of three standard values:
European, TASCAM and SMPTE. These levels
correspond to:
98
Standard
7-6
Reference
level
Nominal
level
Maximu
m level
TASCAM
–16dBFS
+4dBu
+20dBu
European
–18dBFS
+4dBu
+22dBu
SMPTE
–20dBFS
+4dBu
+24dBu
98 The DA-98 incorporates a sine oscillator for
line-up purposes at either 440Hz or 1kHz. The
level of the oscillator is a full bit +16dBu (but cannot be compared to transient signals, on account
of the constant nature of a sine-wave oscillator).
Section 7.2 - Unit-related functions
1) From menu group 2, move the cursor to Sine
Osc. and press SELECT.
Sine
Oscillator
Machine
1
off
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
off, 440 Hz and 1 kHz.
All other inputs will be overridden by the oscillator
when it is turned on.
WARNING
When using the oscillator, turn down the levels of all monitoring equipment in the control room and studio to avoid
possible damage to your ears (and speakers, etc.).
7-7
Section 7.2 - Unit-related functions
7-8
Section 8.1 - Primary timecode functions
8 – Timecode functions
This section describes the timecode-based
functions available through the RC-898. Note that
while the RC-898 contains no timecode generator
or reader of its own, it is able to control the timecode generators and synchronization facilities of
DA-98 and DA-88/SY-88 units. Since the DA-38
does not have any timecode facilities, this section
does not have any relevance if you are using a
setup composed of only DA-38 units.
98 88
synthesized timecode (as described in 8.1.2, “Synthesizing timecode from ABS times” below).
8.1.2 Synthesizing timecode from ABS
times
As mentioned earlier, linear timecode
does not necessarily have to be striped on a tape
for the DTRS unit to be able to use the TC setting.
The subcode can be used to synthesize timecode,
eliminating the need to pre-stripe the tape for
timecode-based work.
98 88
In addition, the DA-98 can add offsets to the
ABS value, so that the timecode values can start at
any desired position, or can create a repeating
timecode pattern for tracks of nominal 10 or 20
minutes’ duration. See also 10.2.3 and 10.2.4 of
the DA-98 manual for further details.
98
Note that in this section, we use the term “timecode” to refer to SMPTE/EBU timecode rather
than to ABS timecode.
When using a chain of DTRS units which are to
be synchronized to external timecode, you will
usually need to synchronize the first unit in the
chain. The other units should then chase to the
first, using the DTRSABS synchronization facility. For information related to this and to other
non-timecode-related synchronization features,
see 9, “External control and settings”.
8.1 Primary timecode
functions
These functions cover the basic timecode setup
when synchronizing DTRS units to timecode.
8.1.1 Selecting the timecode source
When using a DA-98 unit, the timecode used
for recording can be from one of three different
sources: external, from the internal generator, or
off-tape (“synthesized” timecode—see 8.1.2,
“Synthesizing timecode from ABS times”). See
section 10.5 of the DA-98 manual for further
details regarding this function.
98
1) From menu group 8, move the cursor to
TcRec Src and press SELECT:
TC
Record
Tape
1
ABS
2) Use the SHIFTed UP and DOWN keys (NEXT
and PREVIOUS) to select the DTRS unit whose
values you will change.
3) Use the UP and DOWN keys to choose between
the following:
• TC Track: The timecode is read from the
timecode track striped on the tape. Full details
of these operations are given in 8.1.7, “Recording the timecode on a DTRS timecode track”..
•
ABS: The timecode is “synthesized” from the
ABS time (i.e. the ABS values are read and
used as timecode).
•
98 ABS-Ofs: You can add or subtract an
offset from the ABS values to arrive at the final
synthesized timecode value. If you select
ABS-Ofs, use the numeric keypad [16] to
enter an offset value on the LOCATE TIME/
VALUE display [15] and enter it into the offset
value on the display screen using the SHIFT
and ENTER/LOAD keys [23]+[20].
•
98 ABS-13 and ABS-23: provide a convenient way of dividing a tape into “sessions”.
Timecode is synthesized with a pre-roll time of
xx:57:00:00, the session is assumed to
start at xx:00:00:00, and finishes at
xx:10:00:00 or xx:20:00:00, depend-
TC
If you select Tape, there will be another parameter shown which will correspond to the timecode
type selected in 6.4, “ABS setting”. This shows the
kind of timecode on the tape: striped timecode or
Mode
Mode
1
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
External TC, Generator TC and
Tape.
TC
Machine
Source
Machine
External
1) From menu group 5, move the cursor to
Tape TC, and press SELECT:
8-1
Section 8.1 - Primary timecode functions
ing on whether ABS-13 or ABS-23 has
been selected. The value of xx varies, depending on the starting “hour” chosen.
•
30 DF
•
30 NDF
•
29.97 DF
•
29.97 NDF
•
25F
•
24F
98
Timecode values
etc…
0
3
13 16
26 29
These types will not, of course, affect the type of
any timecode which has already been used to
stripe a tape.
39
Absolute time in minutes from start of tape (ABS-13 setting)
If you select ABS-13 or ABS-23, use the
UP and DOWN keys to select the starting hour.
In the illustration above, the starting hour is 0.
8.1.3 Selecting a timecode type
They are used for the type of timecode which will
be produced by the internal timecode generator of
a DTRS unit (DA-98 or SY-88) or the synthesis
from ABS timecode of these units.
8.1.4 Setting the generator start time
The RC-898 can work with a number of different
timecode types, as shown by the TC indicators
[7].
The DTRS unit’s internal generator can be set in
the following way:
The 29 on the RC-898 panel is an abbreviation for
“29.97”. The DF indicator will light if the timecode is in drop-frame format.The supported types
are therefore:
1) From menu group 8, move the cursor to Gen
Start, and press SELECT:
Generate
Start
Machine
24
25
29
29 DF
30
30 DF
24fps (cine)
25fps (PAL/SECAM)
29.97 (NTSC color non-drop)
29.97 (NTSC drop-frame)
30fps (NTSC mono)
98 30fps drop-frame (NTSC color)
NOTE
30 fps drop-frame is only supported by DA-98 units.
To select or change the timecode type used by a
DTRS unit:
1) From menu group 5, move the cursor to
TC Frame and press SELECT:
TC
Frame
Mode
Machine
1
30DF
2) Use the SHIFTed UP and DOWN keys (NEXT
and PREVIOUS) to select the unit where you
will make settings.
3) Use the UP and DOWN keys to change between
the following settings:
8-2
00:00:00:00
Time
1
30DF
2) Enter the generator start time using the
numeric keypad [16].
3) Press and hold down SHIFT and press ENTER/
LOAD to transfer the value to the display
screen.
You can also use the cursor keys and the display
screen to set the value here.
NOTES
The frame value at the bottom right of the screen is not set
here. The procedure for setting this is described in detail in
8.1.3, “Selecting a timecode type”, and is accessed from
menu group 5.
If the timecode source is synthesized ABS timecode, the
timecode type may be changed by changing the timecode
type of the ABS “timecode”. It is not possible to receive one
type and convert it for recording, however. If timecode is
being recorded from an external source, thetype cannot be
changed.
We suggest that you choose a value such as
00:57:00:00, allowing a few minutes of leadin on the tape before the program material starts.
Section 8.1 - Primary timecode functions
8.1.5 Starting and stopping the generator
1) From menu group 8, move the cursor to Gen
Mode and press SELECT:
1) From menu group 8, move the cursor to
TcTrkRec and press SELECT:
TC
Generate
Mode
00:57:00:00
Mcn
1
30DF
Track
enable
Mode
Stop
Continue
2) Use the LEFT and RIGHT cursor keys to move
between the Run/Stop and Mode fields.
3) Use the UP and DOWN keys in the Mode field
to determine whether the generator will
Continue from the last point where it was
stopped, or whether it will be Reset to the
starting value as set above when restarted.
4) When the cursor is on the Run/Stop field,
use the UP key to start the generator, and the
DOWN key to stop it again.
8.1.6 Checking the generator progress
While the generator screen above is visible, the
generator’s output can be viewed in the display
screen. However, there is also another way to
check the generator:
»
disable
Machine
Run/Stop
Record
»
1
»
2
»
3
»
4
»
5
6
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to arm the
timecode track on the required DTRS unit(s).
Make sure that all other units’ timecode tracks
are disabled.
NOTE
Remember, as mentioned earlier, that it is usually necessary
to record timecode on only one unit; the other units in the
chain can use the DTRS chase facility. However, it may be
necessary, if dubbing audio tracks, etc. between DTRS
units, to transfer timecode simultaneously with the audio
tracks.
When a unit’s timecode track is armed for recording, and that machine is selected, as shown by the
MACHINE indicators [8], the TC REC indicator
[10] on the RC-898 (as well as the TC REC indicator on the DTRS unit) will light.
3) Rewind the tape to the beginning.
1) From menu group E, move the cursor to Gen
TC (there is no need to press SELECT):
Ext
Tape
>Gen
TC
TC
Abs
Diff
Rel
Diff
TC
01:02:34:12
30DF
The bottom line of the display shows the current
timecode value being output by the generator. If
the generator is stopped, it will show the value at
which it was stopped.
8.1.7 Recording the timecode on a DTRS
timecode track
This procedure applies to all timecode recording,
regardless of the timecode source used.
The dedicated timecode tracks of any DTRS units
can be armed and safed on a per-machine basis:
It is possible to start recording timecode halfway
through the tape, but it can make later synchronization difficult. For this reason, we advise recording timecode all the way through the tape from the
start (unless you use the ABS-13 or ABS-23 preset
functions to convert ABS time into synthesized
timecode, as described in 8.1.2, “Synthesizing
timecode from ABS times”).
4) Start the timecode source.
If the timecode source is an external source (see
8.1.1, “Selecting the timecode source”), start the
source so that timecode is transmitted from it.
If the timecode source is the DTRS internal generator, start the generator as described in 8.1.5,
“Starting and stopping the generator”.
If the timecode source is the ABS timing, used to
synthesize timecode, no separate operation is necessary to start the timecode source.
5) Press and hold down the RECORD key and
press the PLAY key.
The TC REC indicator on the RC-898 (if the
DTRS unit is selected) as well as the DTRS units,
will light steadily.
8-3
Section 8.1 - Primary timecode functions
6) To check the off-tape timecode as it is being
recorded, from menu group E, move the cursor
to Tape TC (there is no need to press
SELECT)):
Ext
>Tape
Gen
TC
TC
Abs
Diff
Rel
Diff
NOTE
This procedure described here should be used when chasing
to timecode. When slave machines are chasing to DTRS
sync from a master DTRS unit, use the procedure described
in 7.2.3, “Chasing with an offset”.
TC
01:01:22:03
30DF
The bottom line of the display shows the current
timecode value being output from the tape. If the
tape is stopped, the last timecode read from tape
will be shown.
External timecode, if it is being used for recording
or for synchronization purposes, can be read in the
same way, except that the cursor should be moved
to Ext TC in menu group E.
8.1.8 Chasing to external timecode
When chasing to an external timecode source
(remember that you cannot chase to MTC), there
are two cases to be considered. The first is when
the DTRS unit which will be chasing timecode is
the first unit in the chain. In this case, there is no
DTRS sync signal received at the SYNC IN connector (of course, the RC-898 provides control
signals), and hence, pressing the CHASE key [32]
will automatically synchronize the DTRS unit to
the incoming timecode.
The reference to which the incoming timecode is
matched, however, depends on the Time
Mode settings of the DTRS unit with regard to
ABS or timecode (see 6.4.2, “Selecting Time
Mode”).
In the case of a unit which is connected to the
master DTRS unit in the chain, the situation is a
little more complex, as the unit must be set up to
slave to incoming timecode rather than the DTRS
sync signals. Here, the Time Mode menu is
used once again (6.4.2, “Selecting Time Mode”),
but here it determines the chase sync source; timecode or ABS sync.
Note that it is unlikely that you will need to synchronize a slave unit with timecode—typically,
only the first unit in the chain will be a timecode
slave, and this will act as a DTRS sync master for
the other units in the chain.
8-4
8.1.9 Chasing with a timecode offset.
If the timecode on the DTRS unit matches the
timecode coming from the master unit (e.g. the
DTRS tapes contain a video soundtrack and have
been striped either concurrently with, or from the
video tape), there is no need for an offset.
If, however, the DTRS tracks are not linked in this
way with the master source, an offset is required.
The offset can be ±12 hours from the received
timecode. Timecode “wraps” in a 24-hour clock
format, so that 12 hours in advance of 13:00:00:00
is 01:00:00:00, and 12 hours behind 02:00:00:00
is 14:00:00:00.
1) From menu group 4, move the cursor to TC
Offset and press SELECT:
Timecode
Offset
Machine
1
+00:00:00:00.00
30DF
Note that this setting is made to subframe accuracy. The timecode type will be shown in the bottom right of the display screen.
2) Use the numeric keypad to set the offset (use
the +/- key to change values between positive
and negative).
The value will be shown in the LOCATE TIME/
VALUE display and the OFFSET indicator [10]
will light.
If an offset value is set on any unit or units and the
Time Mode is set to TC, the OFFSET indicator
[10] will light.
As an alternative to using the numeric keypad, you
may also use the cursor keys to enter values
directly into the LCD display.
Section 8.2 - Advanced timecode functions
3) Transfer the value from the LOCATE TIME/
VALUE display to the LCD display by holding
down the SHIFT key and pressing the ENTER/
LOAD key.
NOTE
98 If you are using a DA-98 with ABS timing used to
synthesize timecode, the DA-98 allows you to set an ABS
offset, which may be used in place of this function (see
8.1.2, “Synthesizing timecode from ABS times” and also
10.2.3 of the DA-98 manual.
8.1.11 Independent clock settings
It is sometimes useful to be able to reference
different clock timings for the different DTRS
units in the chain (if one unit is recording digital
input from another digital source and another is
referenced to video, for example).
98
To allow independent settings (this function is
only available if the time mode is set to timecode,
and the DA-98 is acting as a slave):
1) From menu group A, move the cursor to
ClkMode (clock mode), and press SELECT:
If you need to “fine-tune” this value, you can use
the UP and DOWN keys to adjust the value of the
offset while monitoring the playback of the units.
Clock
Mode
Indv
Auto
NOTE
Machine
There is an “invisible” field immediately to the right of the
frames field. If you place the cursor there and increment or
decremennt the value, you can change the time as a whole
(as the frames field passes its maximum value, the seconds
field will increment).
Timecode
Offset
Machine
AUTO
2
OFFSET
3) Locate the two tapes (master and slave) so that
they have the right offset.
You can play up the tapes and pause them once
they have been lined up, or carry out the next step
while either or both of the tapes is being replayed.
»
1
»
2
3
4
5
6
In the example above, the first three DTRS units
have their clocks set automatically according to the
first clock setting (i.e. units 2 and 3 cannot have
their clocks set using the function described in
7.2.6, “Clock selection”), and the fourth unit can
have its clock set independently of the other three.
In addition to the manual offset entry, it is also
possible to set a timecode offset automatically by
following the procedure below:
2) Use the RIGHT key to move the cursor to a
second “invisible” field to the right of the
frames field. The display will appear as follows:
»
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
automatic (Auto) and individually-selectable
(Indv) clock settings.
8.1.10 Auto Timecode Offset function
1) From menu group 4, move the cursor to TC
Offset and press SELECT.
»
NOTE
In a system with multiple digital audio devices, the same
clock should be used by all units which are to perform digital audio transfer (e.g. dubbing, etc.). If units have different
reference clocks, you cannot transfer digital audio between
them.
8.2 Advanced timecode
functions
The following functions are designed to extend
the capabilities of the DTRS system under various
circumstances when working with timecode-based
setups. These functions are described more fully
in the DTRS manuals. Refer to the appropriate
sections of these manuals for further information,
if required.
8.2.1 Timecode output source
4) Press either the UP or DOWN key at the
correct offset time to capture and store the
offset.
The DA-98 is able to output timecode from a
variety of sources.
98
NOTE
The value entered in this way can be edited later
using the technique described above.
8-5
Section 8.2 - Advanced timecode functions
1) From menu group 5, move the cursor to
OutTc Src and press SELECT:
Output
TC
Source
Machine
Tape
(TC
Fs
Track)
8.2.2 Synchronization of timecode
When timecode (including MTC) is output
from a DTRS unit, it may be synchronized to
either the analog or digital outputs, depending on
which is in used at the time. This is necessary
because of the nature of the digital-to-analog circuitry employed in the DTRS units.
88
1) From menu group5, move the cursor to
OutTc Tmg, and press SELECT:
»
Timing
»
»
»
»
»
Analog
Machine
1
2
3
4
1
off
Outputs the timecode as recorded on
the dedicated timecode track.
Outputs the timecode as synthesized
from the ABS subcode, with all offsets, etc. as set up in 8.1.2, “Synthesizing timecode from ABS times”.
External
Timecode received at the timecode
(reGen)
input is regenerated and output.
External
Timecode received at the timecode
(reshape) input is filtered and retransmitted.
Digital
Mode
Machine
TAPE (TC
Track)
TAPE
(ABS)
TC
Shift
1
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
the four options available:
Output
1) From menu group 8, move the cursor to Fs
Shift and press SELECT:
5
6
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select either
digital or analog synchronization for the output
timecode.
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select one of the
following settings:
off
Pull Down 30NDF
Pull Up 29.97NDF
Pull Up29.97DF
98 Pull Down 30DF
If this setting is anything other than off on one
or more DTRS unit, the PULL UP/DN indicator
[10] of the RC-898 will light when the appropriate
machine is selected, as will the indicator on the
DTRS unit(s).
NOTE
If you want to use the Fs Shift function, make sure that the
reference clock is set to Video or Int (see 7.2.6,
“Clock selection”). If the reference clock is Word,
although the setting can be made, the Fs Shift function will not be enabled.
8.2.4 Error bypass
When a DTRS unit is chasing timecode from an
external source, the source timecode may drop out
for a few frames or be otherwise discontinuous. To
allow for this, a “flywheel” facility is provided,
which allows the DTRS unit to continue for a set
period until timecode is received again. The flywheel period may be set for either 10 frames or 30
frames, in the following way:
1) From menu group 4, move the cursor to
ErrByPass and press SELECT:
8.2.3 Pull up and pull down
When using DTRS units in NTSC telecine situations, it may be necessary to adjust the sampling
frequency fractionally, as the NTSC frame rate of
29.97 and the cinema frame rate of 24 do not form
a neat mathematical ratio.
8-6
Error
Bypass
Machine
10
1
Frame
The sampling frequencies of 44.1kHz and 48kHz
are therefore affected when the material is transferred back to film.
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
10 and 30 frames for the “flywheel” period.
Accordingly, the pull up and pull down functions
are provided to allow the adjustment of sampling
frequencies to drop-frame environments.
8.2.5 Rechase mode
98 The DA-98 provides another facility which is
used when chasing to timecode.
Section 8.2 - Advanced timecode functions
When the DA-98 is chasing timecode, it can be set
to lock to timecode once and run freely, or it can
constantly monitor the timecode, and issue
“speed-up” and “slow-down” messages to its
transport to stay in sync. However, if an external
or video clock is used as the clock source, the
playback output will be muted while the DA-98 is
adjusting the speed. If you select the rechase mode
(which you may wish to do if there are gaps in the
timecode), you can select a “window”. Only if the
difference between the received timecode and the
DA-98 position falls outside this window, the DA98 will rechase. However, the DA-98’s timekeeping is almost always good enough for you not to
need to rechase. See 10.7.9 of the DA-98 manual
for further details of this facility.
1) From menu group 4, move the cursor to
RechsMode and press SELECT:
1) From menu group 5, move the cursor to Fast
LTC and press SELECT:
Fast
LTC
Mode
Machine
05
1
Frame
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
05 Frame, Leap and off.
8.2.7 MIDI Timecode output
Both the DA-88 and DA-98 output MIDI Timecode (MTC) from their MIDI OUT jacks, which
echoes the linear timecode output from the timecode outputs.
However, the DA-98 allows you to choose
under what circumstances MTC will be output.
You can choose not to output MTC at all, to output
while fast winding as well as during placyback
and recording, or to output MTC while the tape is
stopped (this is possible because MTC is indirectly derived from an off-tape signal). For further
details of this facility, see section 10.4.5 of the
DA-98 manual.
98
Rechase
Mode
Machine
1
Mode
Window
rechase
1
sec
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select either
rechase or free as the mode, as
explained above.
3) If you have selected rechase, move the
cursor to the Window field, and select either
1 or 2 seconds and the window period.
This setting has no effect if free has been
selected as the mode.
1) From menu group 7, move the cursor to MTC
Out, and press SELECT:
MTC
Machine
Output
8.2.6 Fast LTC
The DA-98 allows you to select three modes
in which linear timecode (LTC) will be output
when the unit is in a fast transport mode (forward
or rewind).
Output
1
Fast
Stop
off
off
on
98
Firstly, there is a 5 frame option in which five consecutive frames are output, the tape is then read
again, and five further consecutive frames are output, starting at the frame which has just been read.
Secondly, you can choose a “leap” option, in
which timecode is continuously output, but not
consecutively (the values between frames will
leap as the tape is read). The last mode is “off”, in
which case, no timecode will be output in fast
transport modes. See section 10.4.3 of the DA-98
manual for further details of this facility.
2) Use the LEFT and RIGHT cursor keys to select
the field to be set, and select on or off using
the UP and DOWN keys.
NOTE
If the Output field is set to off, neither of the other
settings will have any effect.
8.2.8 Park position
The park position allows you to set a preroll position automatically on a DA-98 slaved to a
master timecode source. This gives the master unit
time to start playing timecode after starting to
play, and provides optimal lock-up when locating
and chasing external timecode. See sections
10.7.6 and 10.7.7 of the DA-98 manual for further
details of this function.
98 88
8-7
Section 8.2 - Advanced timecode functions
The park position can be viewed, and set manually
in the following way:
1) From menu group 4, move the cursor to Park
Posi, and press SELECT.
Park
Position
Machine
00s00f
30DF
2) If the cursor is moved to the time field, it can be
edited with the UP and DOWN keys.
Alternatively, the numeric keypad can be used to
enter a numerical value directly, and entered with
the SHIFT + ENTER/LOAD combination. Any
values for hours and minutes which are entered
will be discarded.
The maximum value for the park position setting is
2 seconds minus 1 frame.
As well as the manual setting described above, it
is also possible to test the system and set this value
automatically:
1) From menu group 4, move the cursor to Park
Posi, and press SELECT.
Park
Position
Machine
1) From menu group 4, move the cursor to
TcChs Rec, and press SELECT:
TC
Chase
Indiv.
Rec
enable
disable
Machine
»
»
1
»
2
»
3
»
4
»
5
6
2) Use the cursor keys to enable (allow
individual recording while chasing timecode)
or disable this facility (the slave follows
the master status for each machine in the
chain).
8.2.10 Video resolve
01s13f
30DF
2) Play and stop the master unit.
3) If chase mode is off on the slave DA-98, turn it
on.
4) Use the UP or DOWN key to turn the TEST
from off to on.
The DA-98 will now start to rewind so that the relative difference is zero. Wait until the DA-98 tape
has stopped before proceeding with the next
step.
5) Play the master unit.
The park position value shown in the display
screen will change as the park position is calculated. Wait until the value has stabilized before
proceeding to the next step.
8-8
98 The default action for slave DTRS units is to
follow the recording status of the master. However, if DA-98s are being used as slave units, and
they are chasing using timecode rather than ABS
sync, it is possible to set them so that their recording status can be turned on and off individually.
For further details regarding this function, see section 10.7.11 of the DA-98 manual.
1
TEST
off
The value which has just been calculated will be
stored as the new park position. Lockups to timecode should now take place quickly and easily.
8.2.9 Individual recording status while
chasing timecode
1
TEST
off
6) Turn the TEST parameter from on to off
using the UP or DOWN key.
98 The timecode clock of a DA-98 may be set to
resolve to a video signal received at the unit’s
VIDEO IN terminal. This means that the timecode frame boundaries will be aligned with the
frame boundaries as received in the video signal.
This is a completely different function to the synchronization of the word clock to video (see 7.2.6,
“Clock selection”).
In addition, if video resolve is enabled, the unit
can be set to track the frame boundaries constantly
and rechase if it drops out of sync (re-sync), or can
be set to a “lock and forget” mode (free), in a similar way to the rechase options available for timecode (see 8.2.5, “Rechase mode”). In re-sync
mode, output will be muted while the unit changes
speed to match frame boundaries.
See section 10.6 of the DA-98 manual for further
details regarding this function.
Section 8.2 - Advanced timecode functions
1) From menu group 5, move the cursor to Vid
Rslv and press SELECT:
Video
Resolve
Machine
on/off
off
1
Mode
free
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to switch the video
resolve feature on or off.
3) If video resolve is on, select the synchronization
mode from between free and re-sync.
NOTE
The video resolve capability is also available on DA-88 fitted with the SY-88 , but it is controlled by a DIP switch on
the synchronizer board. It therefore cannot be controlled
using the RC-898.
8-9
Section 8.2 - Advanced timecode functions
8-10
Section 9.1 - Controlling the parallel port device
9 – External control and
settings
This section covers the control of DTRS and other
units.
9.2.1 Setting up GPI devices
The polarity of the GPI devices, and the pulse
width necessary to trigger an event, may be set up
individually for each GPI device.
1) From menu group 1, move the cursor to GPI
Setup and press SELECT:
9.1 Controlling the parallel
port device
When a unit is connected to the EXT 1 port [42]
of the RC-898, the transport may be controlled
usig the RC-898 transport controls. The pinouts
for these transport controls are given in 3.2.2,
“Parallel control/GPI pinout”.
To select the “parallel” unit for control:
1) Press the MACHINE key [31].
The LOCATE TIME/VALUE display will show
SELECT.
GPI
GPI
NOTE
The wiring for the parallel port when used with
GPI devices is given in 3.2.2, “Parallel control/
GPI pinout”.
Width
open
010
mS
When open is selected, the event is triggered
when the circuit is open (i.e. it is a “push-tobreak”-type circuit. When close is selected,
the event is triggered when the circuit is closed
(i.e.it is a “push-to-make”-type circuit).
4) Move the cursor to the Width field and use
the UP and DOWN keys to select the pulse
width of the event trigger.
The minimum value for the pulse width is 0 ms,
and the maximum is 990 ms, settable in 10ms
increments.
Most GPI units require a trigger width of 200 ms.
If you are unsure of the trigger width for a particular device, we suggest that you try this value first
of all.
9.2 Controlling GPI devices
Refer to the documentation supplied with any
units to be controlled by GPI to find out whether
the unit requires the controlling circuit to be
closed or open in order to trigger the event, and
the time of the pulse needed to act as a trigger.
Pol
3) Move the cursor to the Pol (polarity) field,
and use the UP and DOWN keys to select either
open or close for the polarity of the unit’s
event trigger.
The RC-898 provides only transport control for a unit connected to the parallel port. Functions such as track arming,
etc. are not possible when using the EXT 1 parallel port.
Up to five GPI devices may be connected to the
EXT 1 port. These devices may be triggered at set
times, based on the times received for display on
the TAPE TIME display of the RC-898.
1
2) Holding down the SHIFT key, use the NEXT
(UP) and PREVIOUS (DOWN) keys to select
the required GPI unit.
2) Press 7 on the numeric keypad.
The E1 indicator on the machine number indicators [8] will light, showing that the parallel port
unit is now selected for control.
Setup
NOTE
Note that the polarity setting here is also used as the polarity
setting for transport control signals sent to the E1 parallel
port device (see 9.1, “Controlling the parallel port
device”. In this case, the pulse width is fixed at 500 ms.)
9.2.2 Setting the trigger points
The location memories also serve as GPI trigger
points, when GPI devices are connected to the
EXT 1 port.
NOTE
Since up to 10 GPI events can be associated with
location memories, we suggest the following
method of working:
Since the GPI event timings are based on the information
transmitted from the DTRS recorders connected to the RC898, the timing may “slip” by up to one frame.
•
Use a “block” of location memories for this
purpose, starting at a number such as 80 or 90.
9-1
Section 9.3 - Controlling the serial port (9-pin)
•
Enter the starting memory number of your
“block” minus one in the MEMORY NO.
display.
•
While playing back the program material
which will be used with the GPI events, use the
CUE STR key [39] to add repeated cue points
to the list, as described in 6.5.8, “Repeated
entry of location points”.
•
Alternatively, key in these cue points manually
from a cue list.
•
Adjust the fine timing of these trigger points
using the jog dial, if necessary.
Of course, there is nothing to prevent you from
using existing location memories for GPI triggers,
but you may find it easier to work with a series of
events dedicated to this purpose.
1) From menu group 1, move the cursor to
Event and press SELECT:
You can also use the UP and DOWN keys to
choose the location memory.
NOTE
Location memory 00 is a special case. If this location memory is selected, the event will be turned off.
9.3 Controlling the serial port
(9-pin)
The EXT 2 9-pin serial connector [43] of the RC898 is used for RS-422 control of suitablyequipped devices (Sony P2 protocol). As an example of how this may be used, if you connect the
master VTR to the EXT 2 port, you can use the
RC-898 to control the whole system.
The menus in menu group 7 whose titles start with
“9-pin” refer to devices which are controlled
through this connector.
9.3.1 Selecting the serial port device
Event
Event
GPI
Memo
1
92
1
30DF
01:02:13:21
2) Select which event you will be editing (from 1
through 10) using the NEXT (SHIFT+UP) and
PREVIOUS (SHIFT + DOWN) keys to change
the value of the Event field.
3) Move the cursor to the GPI field, and use the
UP and DOWN keys to select the GPI device
associated with this event (from 1 through 5).
4) Move the cursor to the Memo (location
memory) field, and use the UP and DOWN keys
to select the location memory for the GPI event.
Alternatively, you can enter the number of the
memory location using the numeric keypad, and
hold down SHIFT and then press ENTER/LOAD
to transfer the memory number to the display
screen.
The time value of this location memory will be
shown on the display screen. However, you cannot
adjust this value from here. You must edit the location memory (see 6.5.5, “Editing a location”) to do
this—the time value will automatically be updated.
When you want to control the device attached to
the RS-422 port using the transport keys of the
RC-898, follow the procedure below:
1) Press the MACHINE key [31].
The LOCATE TIME.VALUE display will show
SELECT.
2) Press 8 on the numeric keypad.
The E2 indicator on the machine number indicators [8] will light, showing that the parallel port
unit is now selected for control.
NOTE
The exact level of control possible by using the RC-898
depends on the implementation of the P2 protocol by the
device. Refer to the unit’s documentation for details of what
control is possible through the serial connection.
When a device is selected for control in this way, the REC
FUNCTION keys can be used to arm the two analog and
four digital tracks, as defined by the P2 protocol, depending
on the settings made in 9.3.4, “Split mode on the serial unit”
and 9.3.5, “Controlling recording operations on the serial
unit”. The mapping of these tracks to the actual tracks of the
unit is determined by the implementation of the protocol by
the unit.
9.3.2 Location pre-roll on the serial unit
The unit controlled by the serial port may have a
pre-roll time which is set independently of the
pre-roll time used by DTRS units. This allows the
unit to be parked optimally for lockup when locating to cue points:
9-2
Section 9.3 - Controlling the serial port (9-pin)
1) From menu group 7, move the cursor to
9pinLocPr and press SELECT:
9pin
Locate
Preroll
00min00sec
2) Use the numeric keypad to enter a time in
minutes and seconds between 00:00 and
59:59.
3) Press and hold down the SHIFT key and press
the ENTER/LOAD key to transfer the value to
the display screen.
Alternatively, you can use the UP and DOWN
keys to alter the values of the minutes and seconds
fields.
9.3.3 Serial unit timing source
The RS-422 device can be set to accept its timing
signals from either external timecode, or from the
Timer 1 internal time source (the video CTL subcode track).
1) From menu group 7, move the cursor to
9pinTimMod (9-pin time mode) and press
SELECT:
9pin
Time
Mode
Timecode
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select either
Timecode or the Timer 1 timing source
(subcode timing).
If the timecode option is selected and the VTR
does not include a timecode reader, or the tape has
not been striped with timecode, the RC-898 tape
counter will show all hyphens: --:--:--.--.
9.3.4 Split mode on the serial unit
There are two ways of operating the E2 unit with
the RC-898 transport controls. Firstly, all transport
controls, including the record (REC key and the
REC FUNCTION keys 41 through 46) can be
used to control the VTR acting as the E2 unit connected to the RS-422 port. This is referred to as
“normal” mode.
In normal mode, the following RC-898 keys perform these P2 functions:
ALL SAFE
ALL INPUT
AUTO MON
PRRL
RHSL
AUTO PUNCH
Standby
FULL EE
SEL EE
Preroll
Preview
AUTO EDIT
However, in a video post-production situation, it is
quite likely that you will need to control the transport of a VTR, which acts as a timecode master
for the DTRS slaves. These DTRS slaves will be
used for recording, but the VTR will not (otherwise the worktape will be erased!). The RC-898
therefore provides you with a “split mode” in
which all transport keys except the RECORD key
and the REC FUNCTION keys control the VTR,
and the recording keys control the DTRS units.
In this way, all recording operations, including
auto-punch operations, can be carried out on the
DTRS units without the risk of accidentally erasing the VTR tape.
However, there is one function where operation is
slightly different, and this is “on-the-fly” punching. Usually, when DTRS tracks have been armed,
and the tape is being played, pressing RECORD
will drop the tracks into record mode, and pressing PLAY will drop them out into play mode. In
split mode, this is not possible, since the PLAY
key controls the VTR.
To punch in and out of armed tracks on the fly in
split mode only, press RECORD to drop in, and
RECORD to drop out again.
To change between normal and split mode:
1) From menu gropup 7, move the cursor to
9pinCtlMd (9-pin control mode) and press
SELECT:
9pin
Control
Mode
Split
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
Split and Normal.
9.3.5 Controlling recording operations
on the serial unit
If split mode has been selected (see 9.3.4, “Split
mode on the serial unit” above), the following
9-3
Section 9.4 - Other DTRS control functions
function allows toggling the serial unit recording
capability.
1) From menu group 7, move the cursor to
9pinRecAc (9-pin recording acceptable)
and press SELECT:
9pin
Rec
1) From menu group 3, move the cursor to Ctrl
Prt (control protocol) and press SELECT:
Control
Protocol
Machine
1
9Pin
Acceptable
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
9Pin, MIDI, Bus and off.
off
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to choose between
on and off.
When this parameter is set to on, the REC
FUNCTION keys which usually control tracks 41
through 48 (DTRS 6) will now control the E2
device logical analog and digital tracks (no matter
what the tracks actually are) as marked.
The following chart explains the relationship
between the serial unit, the split/normal mode, and
this function:
Control
mode
Rec
Acceptable
Tracks
41–46 refer
to:
RECORD
key controls:
Normal off
Serial unit
Serial unit
Normal on
Serial unit
Serial unit
Split
off
DTRS (uit 6)
DTRS
Split
on
Serial unit
Serial unit
Even when a control protocol is selected, the RC898 and DTRS sync protocol can still be used to
address and control the DA-98.
9.4.2 Track mapping functions
98 When the track arming and recording of a
DA-98 unit is controlled by an external controller,
you can specify which tracks on the DA-98 correspond to the tracks controlled by the controller
(for arming and recording purposes). The standard
video controller protocol (P2 protocol) allows for
control of up to eight digital and four analog audio
tracks. This function allows you to map DA-98
tracks to the “logical” tracks.
This mapping of DA-98 tracks to controller tracks
does not imply any correspondence between the
user interface of the controller and the DA-98
tracks. It refers, rather, to the relationship between
the command signals transmitted by the controller
and the DA-98 tracks.
1) From menu group 6, move the cursor to Trk
Map and press SELECT:
Track
9.4 Other DTRS control
functions
The following functions described DTRS features which relate to control, but are not timecoderelated. The RC-898 can only perform these functions on DA-98 units. Some of these functions are
available on DA-88 units, but they cannot be controlled from the RC-898.
98
9.4.1 Choosing a control protocol
The DA-98 can be controlled from a variety of
external sources as well as the RC-898. These
sources are: P2 protocol (9 pin), MIDI Machine
Control, and a bus protocol carried over the RS422 cable and produced by, for example, the TASCAM ES-61 editing controller. See section 11.0.1
of the DA-98 manual for further details relating to
this function.
98
9-4
Ana
Mapping
1
2
3
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
4
Dig
Trk
Mcn
4
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select the track
mapping, according to pre-set options as shown
in the table below.
Note that while there are no user-settable track
mappings, the pre-set mappings are designed to
cover every set of circumstances.
Section 9.4 - Other DTRS control functions
DA-98
track ⇒
1
2
3
4
Analog
1
2
3
4
Digital
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
Analog
Digital
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Analog
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
trol of four tracks. Accordingly, you can disable
the remote arming of tracks on a DA-98 unit (they
can still be armed from the unit itself). See section
11.1.8 of the DA-98 manual for full details of this
function.
1) From menu group 3, move the cursor to Trk
Arm (track arming) and press SELECT:
Remote
Digital
Analog
enable
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
Machine
Analog
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
Analog
Digital
»
»
»
»
»
»
1
2
3
4
5
6
2) Use the LEFT and RIGHT cursor keys to move
between machines, and the UP and DOWN
keys to enable or disable track arming from
remote controllers.
9.4.5 Device emulation
9.4.3 Timecode track mapping
98 This function is related to the track mapping
function described above. Analog track 3 in the
controller mapping is traditionally used as the
timecode track. To map this track to the audio
track selected above (see 9.4.2, “Track mapping
functions”) or to the dedicated timecode track of
the DA-98:
1) From menu group 6, move the cursor to TC
Rec EN, and press SELECT:
98 The DA-98 can emulate a variety of other
devices, for example video recorders, etc., when
controlled by an editor (i.e. this setting determines
the way in which the DA-98 responds to a DeviceID request).
See section 11.1.2 of the DA-98 manual for full
details regarding this function.
1) From menu group 6, move the cursor to Eml
Dev (emulation device) and press SELECT:
Emulation
TC
Arming
disable
4
Digital
Digital
Track
Record
Enable
Device
Machine
1
enable
disable
Machine
»
»
1
»
2
»
3
»
4
»
5
PCM-7050
6
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select the
appropriate setting for each connected DTRS
unit.
Selecting disable here means that the track
referred to by the controller’s commands as “analog 3” will be the DTRS track designated as “analog 3” in the table above (9.4.2, “Track mapping
functions”). Selecting enable means that the
DA-98’s dedicated timecode track will be controlled by commands addressed by the controller
to the “analog 3” track.
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select the device
to be emulated from the following list:
PCM-7050
BVH-3000
BVU-950
BVW-75
PCM-800
BVH-2000
DVR-10
TASCAM
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
TASCAM is the native format of the DA-98, and
should be selected if you do not need to emulate
any other device from this list.
9.4.4 Remote track arming
It is sometimes useful to be able to disable
track arming of a DA-98 unit from a remote controller, especially when that controller is a video
editor which only allows for the arming and con98
9.4.6 Recording delay
When a DA-98 is remotely controlled by an
editor, it is sometimes useful to be able to program
a delay in recording, in order to emulate a VCR,
98
9-5
Section 9.4 - Other DTRS control functions
which typically begins recording a few frames
after the command is received from the editor (the
DA-98 begins recording immediately). Many editors allow for this delay, and so the DA-98 can
compensate for this.
1) From menu group 6, move the cursor to Fast
Spd (fast speed) and press SELECT:
Fast
Wind
Machine
1) From menu group 6, move the cursor to Rec
Dly ( recording delay), and press SELECT:
Record
Delay
Machine
1
Speed
x
1
100
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
x 100 and x 8 speeds.
9.4.8 Cue-up tally
Auto
(3
Frame)
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select a value
from between 0 and 9 frames, or Auto. The
value of the Auto setting depends on the
emulation selected (see 9.4.5, “Device
emulation”) as shown below:
Emulation
Frames
PCM-7050
BVH-3000
BVU-950
BVW-75
PCM-800
BVH-2000
DVR-10
TASCAM
3
4
6
3
0
4
5
0
When locating in 9-pin command mode, the
DA-98 will locate to the required position and
then enter pause mode.
98
What is then returned to the controller can be
either a Stop message, for use with controllers
who will only issue their next command when a
Stop signal is received, or a Still message for use
with controllers which make a distinction between
pause and Stop (e.g. LYNX II and Microlynx synchronizers).
See section 11.1.5 of the DA-98 manual for further details regarding this function.
1) From menu group 6, move the cursor to
Cueup Tly (cueup tally), and press
SELECT:
NOTE
Cueup
See section 11.1.3 of the DA-98 manual for further details
of this function, including the way in which frame boundaries are calculated and recognized.
Tally
Machine
1
Stop
9.4.7 Fast wind speed
98 When a controller locates on a slave device,
there are two ways in which this is achieved: a
“locate” command, and a series of fast wind and
shuttle commands.
To determine which command is used by your
controller, and for further details regarding this
function, follow the instructions in section 11.1.5
of the DA-98 manual.
The high (100 x) wind speed of the DA-98 means
that if the second method is used, the tape will
almost invariably overshoot each time and lever
locate correctly. Accordingly, a slower (8 x) wind
speed is provided which allows for location using
the “wind and shuttle” mode.
9-6
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select between
Stop and Still, as explained above.
9.4.9 MMC ID
98 You can set a MMC ID (which also serves as
the bus ID) for each DA-98 unit. This is not a
MIDI channel number. The value may be between
001 and 127 or may be a universal
Receive All setting.
See section 11.2.1 of the DA-98 manual for further details regarding this function.
Section 9.4 - Other DTRS control functions
1) From menu group 7, move the cursor to MIDI
ID, and press SELECT:
MIDI/Bus
ID
Machine
Receive
1
All
2) Use the UP and DOWN keys to select the
required ID number, taking care that each unit
has a different value.
9-7
Section 9.4 - Other DTRS control functions
9-8
10.1 - Menu groups
10 – Menu and parameter reference
10.1 Menu groups
This section provides a quick guide to the menus and their functions, providing a list of menus in each menu
group, the parameters available in each menu, and the values that each parameter can take (factory values are
underlined). There is also, wherever appropriate, a reference to the section of the manual in which the function is described. Wherever a menu function is applicable to only a certain type or types of DTRS unit, this is
indicated.
Please also note the section 10.2, “Alphabetical list of menu items”, which allows you to find menu functions
from an alphabetically-sorted list.
Menu group 0
De la y
Va ri
S pd
T rk
C op y
L oc
P re
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
Track Delay Time
Track
Delay time
1 through 4 8, 1-8,9-16, 17-24,
25-32, 33-40, 41-48
7.1.1, “Track delay”
-200 through 7200 (samples)
Unit
-4 through 150 (msec)@ 48kHz
-4 through 163 (msec) @ 44.1kHz
default 0
sample, msec
Vari Speed
Track Copy
Locate Pre-roll
Enabled
Amount
Fix, Vari
-6.0% through +6.0% (default is 0.0%)
Track source
38 98 Input (digital or analog) 1 through 8 or
track 1 through 8. Default is straight-through input
to tracks assignment
Enabled
Turns track copy operations on or off
Minutes and
seconds
00min00sec through
59min59sec
7.2.8, “Varispeed
(pitch control)”
7.1.2, “Track copying”
6.5.1, “Setting the
location pre-roll
value”
10-1
Section 10.1 - Menu groups
Menu group 1
G PI
Se tu p
X- fa de
E ven t
Di th er
P re/ Po st
Re c
Mu te
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
GPI Setup
Polarity
Width
open, close
9.2.1, “Setting up
GPI devices”
Event
GPI
Event Number 1 through 10
GPI “channel” 1through 5
00 (off) through 99
9.2.2, “Setting the
trigger points”
Pre-roll
Minutes and
seconds
Pre-roll time: 00min05sec through
6.7.5, “Setting preroll and post-roll
times”
000through 990 ms (in 10ms steps)
Post-roll
59min59sec
Post-roll time: 00min03sec through
59min59sec
Crossfade Time
Milliseconds
98 10ms through 200ms in 10ms steps
38 88 10ms through 90ms in 10ms steps
Dither
Type of dither or
on and off
Rec Mute
Track muting
off, Rectangular 98
Triangular 98
( 38 =on),
98 on or off for each track
6.7.6, “Crossfade
times”
7.2.11, “Dither”
7.1.3, “Rec Mute
function”
Menu group 2
S htl
M ut e
Me te rM od e
W ord
L en
Si ne
R ef
O sc .
Le ve l
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Shuttle Mute
Enabled
98 off or on
5.2.4, “Shuttle muting”
TDIF Word Length
Length in bits,
of incoming
data
38 98 16 bit, 20 bit, 24 bit
7.2.10, “Word
length”
Analog In/Out
Reference Level
Reference level,
in dB
98 -16dB, -18dB , -20dB
7.2.13, “Reference
levels”
Level Meter Mode
Hold time
Release rate
Sine Oscillator
10-2
Enabled
Values
98 0 through 9 seconds, or Continue
(default is 1)
Slow, Fast or Medium
98 off, 440 Hz , 1 k Hz
Reference
7.2.14, “Meter
modes”
7.2.15, “Sine oscillator”
10.1 - Menu groups
Menu group 3
Mc nO ff se t
C tr l
Ti me Mo de
T rk
Pr t
A rm
Re pe at
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
Machine Offset
Time value to
frame accuracy
+02:00:00:00
7.2.3, “Chasing with
an offset”
Time Mode
Time reference
88 98 ABS or TC
6.4.2, “Selecting
Time Mode”
Control Protocol
Type
98 9Pin, MIDI, Bus, off
9.4.1, “Choosing a
control protocol”
Remote Track
Arming
Enabled
98 enable, disable
9.4.4, “Remote track
arming”
Repeat Start/
End
Start or end
Time values to
frame accuracy
Any valid time entries
6.6, “Repeating a
section”
Menu group 4
Tc Ch s
Re c
Re ch sM od e
T C
Of fs et
P ar k
Po si
Er rB yP as s
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
TC Chase Indiv.
Rec.
Enabled or disabled for each
DTRS unit
98 enabled, disabled
8.2.9, “Individual
recording status
while chasing timecode”
Rechase Mode
Mode
Window
98 rechase, free
1 sec, 2 sec
8.2.5, “Rechase
mode”
Error Bypass
Time in frames
88 98 10 frame,
Timecode Offset
Time value to
subframe
accuracy
±12:00:00:00.00
Park Position
Test
Manual entry to
frame accuracy
30 frame
88 98 Any valid time value in the range
98 off, on
00s00f through 2 seconds minus 1 frame
8.2.4, “Error bypass”
8.1.9, “Chasing with
a timecode offset.”
8.2.8, “Park position”
10-3
Section 10.1 - Menu groups
Menu group 5
T C
F ra me
Fa st
O utT c
Tm g
Vi d
O utT c
Sr c
Ta pe
L TC
Rs lv
T C
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
TC Frame Mode
Timecode type
30 DF( 98 ), 30 NDF, 29.97 DF,
29.97 NDF, 25F, 24F
8.1.3, “Selecting a
timecode type”
Output TC Timing
Output reference
Output TC Source
Timecode
source
Fast LTC Mode
Linear timecode in fast
wind
98 05 Frame, Leap, off
8.2.6, “Fast LTC”
Video Resolve
Enabled
Mode
98 on, off
8.2.10, “Video
resolve”
Tape TC Mode
98 Analog, Digital for each unit
98 Tape (ABS or TC Track),
External (reGen), External (reshape)
free, re-sync
88 98 TcTrack, ABS , ( 98 only)
ABS-Ofsa, ABS-13, ABS-23
Mode
8.2.2, “Synchronization of timecode”
8.2.1, “Timecode
output source”
8.1.2, “Synthesizing
timecode from ABS
times”
a. If the ABS-Ofs (absolute timing with offset) option is selected, the bottom line of the display changes to allow direct
entry of the desired offset value.
Menu group 6
E ml
De v
TC
R ec
Dl y
Fa st
R ec
T rk
Ma p
Cu eu p
E n
S pd
Tl y
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
Emulation
Device
Device name
98 PCM-7050, BVH-3000, BVU950, BVW-75, PCM-800, BVH2000, DVR-10, TASCAM
9.4.5, “Device emulation”
Record Delay
Time in frames
98 0 through 9 frames or Auto (in Auto,
the number of frames depends on the selected
emulation)
9.4.6, “Recording
delay”
Track Mapping
Track maps
98 Various mappings of DA-98 tracks to analog/
digital. Default is DA tracks 1 through 4 mapped to
analog 1 through 4, and DA-98 tracks 5 through 8
mapped to digital tracks 1 through 4
9.4.2, “Track mapping functions”
TC Record Enable
Enabled
98 disable, enable
9.4.3, “Timecode
track mapping”
Fast Wind Speed
Referenced to
play speed
98 x 100, x 8
9.4.7, “Fast wind
speed”
Cueup Tally
P2 tally output
after locating
98
10-4
Stop, Still
9.4.8, “Cue-up tally”
10.1 - Menu groups
Menu group 7
MT C
Ou t
M ID I
ID
9p in Lo cP r
9 pi nC tl Md
9p in Ti mM d
9 pi nR ec Ac
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
MTC Output
Output
Fast wind mode
Stop
(All parameters 98 ) on, off
on, off
on, off
8.2.7, “MIDI Timecode output”
MIDI/Bus ID
ID for MMC
and bus control
98 001 through 127 or Receive
All
9.4.9, “MMC ID”
9pin Locate Preroll
Preroll time for
P2 device
00min00sec through 59min59sec in
9.3.2, “Location preroll on the serial
unit”
9pin Control
Mode
Recording status
when using P2
device
Split, Normal
9.3.4, “Split mode
on the serial unit”
9pin Time Mode
Time source for
P2 device
Timecode, Timer 1
9.3.3, “Serial unit
timing source”
9pin Rec Acceptable
Record enable
for P2 device
On, Off
9.3.5, “Controlling
recording operations on the serial
unit”
1 second increments
Menu group 8
Ge n
St ar t
F s
Ge n
Mo de
T cR ec
Sh if t
S rc
Tc Tr kR ec
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
Generate Start
Time
Time value
88 98 Defaults to 00:00:00:00
8.1.4, “Setting the
generator start time”
Generate Mode
Run/Stop
Mode
88 98 Stop, Run
8.1.5, “Starting and
stopping the generator”
Fs Shift Mode
Pull up/down
parameters
Reset, Continue
88 98 off, Pull Down 30NDF,
Pull Up 29.97NDF, Pull Up
29.97 DF, Pull Down 30 DF
8.2.3, “Pull up and
pull down”
( 98 only)
TC Record Source
TC Track Record
Source to be
used for recording on the timecode track
Arming the
timecode track
98 External TC, Generator
TC, Tapea
88 98 enable, disable
8.1.1, “Selecting the
timecode source”
8.1.7, “Recording
the timecode on a
DTRS timecode
track”
a. If Tape is selected, another parameter will automatically be appended, depending on the setting made in the appropriate
menu, as described in 8.1.1, “Selecting the timecode source”
10-5
Section 10.1 - Menu groups
Menu group 9
S tlM on
Co nf dc Mo d
I npu tS el
Ou tp ut Ti m
C loc k
Fo rm at
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
Shuttle Monitor
Enabled or disabled for each
unit
Input Select
Input source
Digital, Analog
7.2.9, “Input selection”
Clock
Word clock
source
Int, Word, Video ( 88 98 )
7.2.6, “Clock selection”
Confidence Mode
3-state switch
off
Output Timing
Output timing
Format
3-state switch
Frequency
38 98 on, off
→ ready → on
88 Digital, Analog
off → ready
44.1k, 48k
→ on
5.2.3, “Shuttle monitoring”
7.2.12, “Confidence
mode”
7.2.7, “Output timing”
5.1.2, “Formatting
tapes”
Menu group A
C lkM od e
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Clock Mode
DTRS clock setting for each
unit
Values
Reference
98 Individual, Auto
8.1.11, “Independent clock settings”
Menu group E
E xt
T ape
G en
Menu item
Parameter(s)
TC
T C
Ab s
Di ff
Re l
Di ff
TC
Values
Reference
Ext TC
Tape TC
Gen TC
Abs Diff
Rel Diff
10-6
There are no user-settable values in this menu. Moving the cursor to the
menu item will display the appropriate value on the bottom line of the
display.
8.1, “Primary timecode functions”
7.2.5, “Checking the
offset”
10.1 - Menu groups
Menu group F
Ke y
Mo de
F ra me Di sp
Se tu p
Menu item
Parameter(s)
Values
Reference
Key Mode
Enables control
of all or one unit
All, Individual
7.2.2, “Key Mode”
Frame Display
Shows or hides
the “frames”
fields
on, off
6.2, “Setting the precision”
Setup
Load or save
Memory bank
Load, Save
4.5, “Storing and
recalling user setups”
Absolute or relative time display
Absolute, Relative
DispTime
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, F (factory)
6.3, “Setting a relative time reference”
10-7
Section 10.2 - Alphabetical list of menu items
10.2 Alphabetical list of menu items
In this table, if a menu item is assigned to a function key as a factory default, the function key name is shown
in following the menu time name (e.g. F4).
10-8
Menu Item
Menu
group
Menu Item
Menu
group
9pin Control Mode
7
MTC Output
7
9pin Locate Preroll
7
Output TC Source F13
5
9pin Rec Acceptable
7
Output TC Timing
5
9pin Time Mode
7
Output Timing
9
Abs Diff F17
E
Park Position
4
Analog In/Out F15
2
Pre-roll Post-roll
1
Clock
9
Rec Mute
1
Clock Mode
A
Rechase Mode
4
Confidence Mode F12
9
Record Delay
6
Control Protocol
3
Rel Diff F19
E
Crossfade Time F11
1
Remote Track Arming
3
Cueup Tally
6
Repeat Start/End F14
3
Dither
1
Setup
F
Emulation Device
6
Shuttle Monitor
9
Error Bypass
4
Shuttle Mute
2
Event
1
Sine Oscillator
2
Ext TC F16
E
Tape TC F18
E
Fast LTC Mode
5
Tape TC Mode
5
Fast Wind Speed
6
TC Chase Indiv. Rec
4
Format
9
TC Frame Mode F8
5
Frame Display
F
TC Record Enable
6
Fs Shift Mode
8
TC Record Source
8
Gen TC F20
E
TC Track Record
8
Generate Mode F10
8
TDIF Word Length
2
Generate Start Time F9
8
Time Mode F6
3
GPI Setup
1
Timecode Offset F7
4
Input Select
9
Track Copy F2
0
Key Mode
F
Track Delay Time F1
0
Level Meter Mode
2
Track Mapping
6
Locate Pre-roll F4
0
Vari Speed F3
0
Machine Offset F5
3
Video Resolve
5
MIDI/Bus ID
7
Section 10.3 - Specifications
10.3 Specifications
Connections:
D-sub 15-pin
D-sub 9-pin
D-sub 15-pin
Size (w x h x d)
Weight
Power
Supplied accessories
Optional accessories
DTRS recorder control
Sony P2 control
Parallel control and tally, or up to 5
GPI-controlled units
404 x 63 x 253 (mm) 15.9 x 2.7 x
10.0 (in)
2.5 kg (5.5 lbs)
Supplied from DTRS recorder
Remote cable (5m), Terminator
CS-898 roll-around stand
MK-8924 meter bridge mounting
kit
10.4 Dimensions
404mm
255mm
69.3mm
10-9
Section 10.4 - Dimensions
10-10
Index [ A–E]
Copying tracks 7-1, 10-1
Crossfade times 6-7
CUE STR key 2-5
Cue-up tally 9-6, 10-4
Cursor keys 2-4
A
ABS time
as reference 2-3, 6-1, 10-3
frame rate 6-2
selection vs timecode 6-2
synthesizing timecode 8-1
with offset 8-1
Accessories 1-3
ALL INPUT 2-2, 5-3
ALL SAFE 2-2, 5-2
Ambient temperature 1-2
Analog audio input 7-5, 10-6
Arming tracks 2-2, 5-2, 9-5, 10-3
remotely on DA-98 9-5
Audio input
dithering 7-5, 10-2
reference level 7-6, 10-2
selection 7-5, 10-6
word length 7-5, 10-2
AUTO MON 2-2, 5-3
Auto Offset function 7-3, 8-5
AUTO PLAY 2-5, 6-3
AUTO PUNCH key 2-5
D
DA-88 output timing 7-4
Data entry with the jog dial 2-4
DATA INC/DEC key 2-4, 4-3
Default function key assignments 4-4
Delay time 2-3, 7-1, 10-1
Device emulation 9-5
Digital audio cables
Cables 1-2
Digital audio input 7-5, 10-6
Display screen 2-3
contrast 2-6
setting values with the numeric keypad 4-2
Dither settings 7-5, 10-2
Drop-frame 2-2, 8-2
DTRS
arming tracks 5-2
formatting tapes 5-1, 10-6
generator 10-6
internal generator 10-5
internal timecode generator 8-1–8-3
machine IDs 3-1
monitoring modes 5-2–5-5
selecting unit for control 5-1, 10-7
striping tapes with timecode 8-3, 10-5
sync and control 2-5
synchronization 7-2–7-4
DTRS internal timecode generator 8-2
B
Ballistics (meter) 7-6
Battery backup 1-2, 3-3
Bus control 9-6
Bus ID 9-6
C
Cancelling input 2-3
CAPTURE key 2-4, 6-3
Chase
DTRS sync 7-2
error bypass (timecode) 8-6
individual recording status 8-8
lock indicators 2-3
offset 2-3, 7-3–7-4
park position 8-7, 10-3
rechase (timecode) 8-6, 10-3
to external timecode 8-4
Checking punch points 6-6
Clock
independent clocks 8-5, 10-6
selecting clock source 7-4
source 1-3, 2-2, 10-6
Confidence mode 2-3, 7-6, 10-6
Confirming menu entries 2-4
Connection to DTRS recorders 3-1
Continuous playback of a section 6-5
CONTRAST control 2-6
Control mode for serial port unit (split mode) 9-3, 10-5
Control protocol for DA-98 9-4, 10-3
Controller locate command 9-6
Controlling DTRS units through menus 4-3
E
Earth lift (ground loops) 2-6
Editing location memories 6-4–6-5
Editing punch points 6-6
Emulation of other devices by DA-98 9-5, 10-4
enabling recording 10-5
Enabling recording on serial port 10-5
ENTER/LOAD key 2-4
Environmental conditions 1-2
Error bypass when chasing timecode 8-6, 10-3
ESCAPE key 2-4
EXT 1 port 2-5, 3-2, 9-1
EXT 2 port 2-5, 3-2, 9-2–9-4
External control
GPI devices 2-5, 3-2, 9-1
P2 devices 2-5
parallel port 2-5, 3-2, 9-1
serial (P2) control 9-2
serial port 2-5
tally power (parallel) 2-6
External timecode source 8-1, 10-6
Index-i
Index [ F–O]
Location memory display 2-3, 6-4
Location pre-roll
explanation 6-3
parameters 10-1
RS-422 9-2
setting 6-3
Location time display 2-3, 4-2
LOCK indicators 2-3
LTC in fast modes 8-7, 10-4
Lune-up oscillator 10-2
F
Factory settings 4-5, 10-7
Fast wind speed setting (DA-98) 9-6, 10-4
FF 2-5
Flowchart of monitoring modes 5-4
Formatting tapes 5-1, 10-6
Frame rate
ABS 6-2, 8-2
pull up/down 8-6, 10-5
Fs (sampling frequency) 5-1
Fs shift
see "Pull up/down"
Function keys 2-4, 4-3
default assignments 4-4
M
Machine ID (DTRS) 3-1
MACHINE indicators 2-3
MACHINE key 2-4
Manual entry of location memories 6-4
Mapping tracks 9-4, 10-4
MEMORY NO. display 6-4
Menu items 10-8
Menus
commonly-used menus 2-4, 4-3
confirming entries 2-4
editing values 2-4, 4-3
navigation 4-1
recalling commonly-used menus 4-4
selecting units 4-3
top menu 4-1
Meter bridge 1-3
Meter modes 7-6, 10-2
MIDI ID 9-6, 10-5
Monitoring 5-2
AUTO MON 2-2
confidence mode 2-3, 7-6, 10-6
flowchart 5-4
INPUT MONITOR 5-2, 5-3
source 2-2
source/tape on DA-98 5-3
table of modes 5-5
while shuttling 5-3, 10-6
MTC (MIDI Timecode) output 8-7, 10-5
Muting recording inputs 7-2, 10-2
G
GPI devices 2-5, 3-2, 9-1
setup 9-1, 10-2
triggering 9-1, 10-2
Ground lift 2-6
I
ID (DTRS Machine ID) 3-1
Individual recording status when chasing timecode 8-8,
10-3
INPUT MONITOR 5-2
INSERT
see "AUTO MON" 2-2
"Instant" location 6-3
INT clock 7-4
J
Jog and shuttle controls 2-4
Jog dial 2-4
L
LCD display screen
Display screen 1-2
see also "display screen" 2-3
Line-up oscillator 7-6
LOC key 2-5, 6-3
Location memory
"on-the-fly" capture 6-5
"instant" location 6-3
capturing "on-the-fly" 2-4
editing 6-4, 6-5
location procedure 2-5
manual entry 6-4
"on-the-fly" capture 2-5
playback after location 6-3
recalling 2-3, 6-4
storing 6-4
undo 6-5
Index-ii
N
NEXT and PREVIOUS keys 4-3
NEXT key 2-4, 4-3
NTSC 2-2, 8-2
Numeric keypad 2-3, 4-2
O
Offset 10-6
ABS offset 8-1
in chase mode 7-3–7-4
timecode 8-4, 10-3
"On-the-fly" capture of location memories 2-5, 6-5
Oscillator 7-6, 10-2
Output timing 7-4, 10-6
Index [ P–T]
Output timing (DA-88) 7-4
Outputting timecode 8-6
RS-422
control 9-2
enabling and disabling recording 9-3
location pre-roll 9-2
P
PAL/SECAM 2-2, 8-2
Parallel port 2-5, 9-1
pinout 3-2
Park position 8-7, 10-3
Peak hold(meters) 7-6
Pitch shift 2-3, 7-5, 10-1
PLAY 2-5
Playback after location 6-3
Polarity (GPI devices) 9-1
Pre-roll
in auto punch mode 2-5, 6-7, 10-2
location 6-3, 10-1
serial port unit 9-2, 10-5
PRESET keys 2-4
PREVIOUS key 2-4, 4-3
PRRL key 6-7
Pull up/down 2-3, 8-6, 10-5
Pulse width (GPI event triggers) 9-1
Punch operations
checking punch points 6-6
crossfade times 6-7
editing punch points 6-6
IN and OUT points 2-5
pre-roll and post-roll 6-7
recording 2-5, 6-7
rehearsal 2-5, 6-7
setting punch points 6-6
undo 6-6
S
Safing tracks 2-2, 5-2
Sampling frequency 5-1
SELECT key 2-4
Selecting audio input sources 7-5
Selecting timecode source 8-1
Selecting units 2-3
for transport operations 5-1
in menus 4-3
NEXT and PREVIOUS keys 2-4
using the MACHINE key 2-4
Serial port 10-5
control mode 10-5
pinout 3-2
pre-roll 9-2, 10-5
time mode 10-5
timing mode 9-3
Setting punch points 6-6
Setting relative time reference 6-1
Setting values to zero 4-2
Settings (user) 4-4
SHIFT key 2-4
Shuttle 5-2
monitoring 5-3
muting 5-3, 10-2
Shuttle control 2-4, 5-2
Shuttle mode 5-2
Shuttle monitoring 5-3, 10-6
Sine oscillator 7-6, 10-2
Slipping tracks 2-3, 7-1
Sony P2 protocol 2-5, 3-2, 9-2
Source monitoring 2-2
Specifications 10-9
"Stop" & "still" tally messages 9-6, 10-4
Storing timecode values 2-3
STR key 2-3
"Striping" tapes 8-3
Synchronizing output timecode with audio 8-6
Synthesizing timecode from ABS 8-1, 10-4
R
REC 2-5
REC FUNCTION 2-2, 5-2
Rec muting 7-2
Recalling a location memory 6-4
Rechase (timecode) 8-6
Rechase mode 10-3
Recording
reference levels 7-6
Recording delay 9-5, 10-4
Recording in punch mode 6-7
Reference levels for recording 7-6, 10-2
Reference modes 6-1
Rehearsal (punch operations) 2-5, 6-7
Relative humidity 1-2
Relative time 2-3, 6-1
setting 6-1
zero point 6-2
REMOTE OUT 2-5, 3-1
Remote track arming on DA-98 9-5
Repeat play 6-5, 10-3
"RTZ" (return-to-zero) 6-2
REW 2-5
Roll-around cart 1-3
T
Table of monitoring modes 5-5
Tally for cue-up 10-4
Tally messages 9-6, 10-4
Tape counter 2-3
Tape timecode 10-6
Tapes (formatting) 5-1
TC REC 2-3
TDIF word length 7-5, 10-2
Telecine frame rates 8-6, 10-5
Terminator 3-1
Timecode 8-5
Index-iii
Index [ U–Z]
as reference 2-3, 6-1, 10-3
auto offset function 8-5
chasing to external source 8-4
controlling the generator 8-3
display to frame accuracy 6-1, 10-7
dividing a tape into "sessions" 8-1
drop-frame 2-2, 8-2
enabling recording 10-4
error bypass 8-6, 10-3
generator 8-1, 8-2, 10-5, 10-6
individual recording status 8-8, 10-3
LTC in fast modes 8-7, 10-4
MTC output 8-7, 10-5
offset 8-4, 10-3
"on-the-fly" capture 2-4
output source 8-6, 10-4
output synchronization with audio 8-6, 10-4
park position 8-7, 10-3
rechase 8-6, 10-3
recording 2-3, 8-3, 10-5
selecting source 8-1, 10-5
selection vs ABS timing 6-2
source of output 8-6
striping tapes 8-3
synthesizing from ABS 8-1, 10-4
timecode types 2-2, 8-2, 10-4
video resolve 8-8, 10-4
Timing reference 2-3, 6-1
Track arming
remote on DA-98 9-5, 10-3
Track delay 2-3, 7-1, 10-1
Tracks
arming 2-2
copying 7-1, 10-1
making safe 2-2
mapping 9-4, 10-4
remote arming on DA-98 9-5, 10-3
Transport controls 2-5, 5-1
Trigger points (GPI events) 9-1
U
Undo (punch and location) 6-6
User setups 4-4, 10-7
V
Varispeed 2-3, 7-5, 10-1
VIDEO clock 7-4
Video resolve 8-8, 10-4
W
Word clock 2-2
selection 7-4, 10-6
Word length 7-5, 10-2
Index-iv
Z
"Zero point" 6-2
»
RC-898
TEAC CORPORATION
3-7-3, Nakacho, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180-8550, Japan Phone: (0422) 52-5082
TEAC AMERICA, INC.
7733 Telegraph Road, Montebello, California 90640 Phone: (213) 726-0303
TEAC CANADA LTD.
5939 Wallace Street, Mississauga, Ontario L4Z 1Z8, Canada Phone: 905-890-8008 Facsimile: 905-890-9888
TEAC MEXICO, S.A. De C.V
Privada De Corina, No.18, Colonia Del Carmen Coyoacon, Mexico DF 04100 Phone: 5-658-1943
TEAC UK LIMITED
5 Marlin House, Marlins Meadow, The Croxley Centre, Watford, Herts. WD1 8YA, U.K. Phone: 01923-819699
TEAC DEUTSCHLAND GmbH
Bahnstrasse 12, 65205 Wiesbaden-Erbenheim, Germany Phone: 0611-71580
TEAC FRANCE S. A.
17 Rue Alexis-de-Tocqueville, CE 005 92182 Antony Cedex, France Phone: 01.42.37.01.02
TEAC BELGIUM NV/SA
P.A. TEAC Nederland BV, Perkinsbaan 11a, 3439 ND Nieuwegein, Netherlands Phone: 0031-30-6048115
TEAC NEDERLAND BV
Perkinsbaan 11a, 3439 ND Nieuwegein, Netherlands Phone: 030-6030229
TEAC AUSTRALIA PTY., LTD.
A.C.N. 005 408 462
106 Bay Street, Port Melbourne, Victoria 3207, Australia Phone: (03) 9644-2442
TEAC ITALIANA S.p.A.
Via C. Cantù 11, 20092 Cinisello Balsamo, Milano, Italy Phone: 02-66010500
PRINTED IN JAPAN 0298U0.5 M-1360A
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