# Key Learning Objectives Using and Applying Mathematics • I can ```•
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Key Learning Objectives
Using and Applying Mathematics
I can use the maths I know to solve simple problems involving counting,
adding, subtracting, doubling or halving in the context of numbers,
measures or money, explaining what I have done and why
Recognise the value of different coins
Describe simple patterns and relationships involving numbers and shapes
Counting and Understanding Numbers
I can count on and back from any small number, in ones, twos, fives and
tens
I can count at least 20 everyday objects
I can read, write and order numbers from 0 to at least 20
I can estimate how many objects there are and then check by counting
I can say the number that is one more or less than any given number, and
ten more or less than a multiple of ten
I know my number bonds to 10 e.g. 6 + 4, 3 + 7, 8 + 2 etc.
I know the doubles of all numbers up to at least 10
I know what a half and a quarter is.
Calculating
I can use words linked to adding and taking away in everyday situations
I understand that subtraction is both ‘taking away’ and ‘difference’
I know the mathematical signs for addition and subtraction and can write
down number sentences
I can add a one-digit number or a multiple of 10 to a one-digit or
I can solve practical problems that involve combining groups
of 2, 5 or 10, or sharing into equal groups.
Measuring
I can estimate, measure, weigh and compare objects, choosing and using
suitable measuring instruments
I know and can order the days of the week and the
months of the year
I can read the time to the hour and half hour
Understanding Shape
I can describe the features of common 2D (flat) and
3D (solid) shapes e.g. a triangle has 3 sides
Handling Data
I can answer a question about information in a list or a table.
I can draw pictures or use objects to show the outcome
of a survey
I can sort objects according to a given criterion e.g. red, not red
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Ideas for home learning activities
Using and Applying Mathematics
Use buttons, shells, toys etc. to make up number problems e.g. how many
shells will I have if I add 3 shells and 2 shells? Or how many shells will I
are doing. Encourage them to use mathematical language.
Play shops.
Create patterns with shapes and ask the child to describe them.
Create number patterns with magnetic numbers, can the child
explain what the pattern is and perhaps continue the pattern.
Counting and Understanding Numbers
Exploit opportunities for counting around the house. Putting jigsaws
away count the pieces. Count how many pieces of fruit there
are in the fruit bowl etc. Encourage child to estimate
first and then check by counting.
Cut cakes, sandwiches and fruit into halves and quarters.
Calculating
Exploit opportunities for adding and taking away in the home e.g. laying the
table, ‘ how many more knives do we need if nanny and granddad some to
dinner?’
Use a pack of playing cards to find pairs of cards that total 10. Write down
the relevant number sentences. How many different ways are there of
making 10? Can more cards be used?
Count pairs of socks (counting in twos), count fingers on hands
and toes (counting in fives), count fingers on hands (and or feet)
for a group of people (counting in tens).
Sort socks, gloves, shoes etc. into pairs. Share buttons,
shells, sweets etc. into equal groups of 2, 5 and 10.
Measuring
Estimate and measure distances in non-standard measures like pigeon steps
and hand spans. Estimate and measure distances in standard measures like
centimetres. Estimate how many apples weigh the same as a bag of flour.
Weigh accurately. Estimate how many cups of water would fill a bowl. Test.
Write the names of the days of the week and the months of
the year on cards and ask the child to arrange them in order.
Link the days to things that mean something to the child
e.g. go swimming, gym club and the months to special
family events like birthdays.
Understanding Shape
Look for and identify different shapes around the house and in the
environment. Ask how they know it is a triangle or a square
or a cube etc. Make up shape games. How quickly can they
find 5 triangles in a particular room?
Handling Data