Tripp Lite PowerVerter RV Series, RV Series, DC-to-AC Inverter/Chargers EMS Series Owner's manual

Tripp Lite PowerVerter RV Series, RV Series, DC-to-AC Inverter/Chargers EMS Series Owner's manual
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Owner’s Manual
PowerVerter
®
EMS Series
DC-to-AC Inverter/Chargers
Invert:
Charge:
Input
12 VDC
120V, 60 Hz. AC
Output
120V, 60 Hz. AC
12 VDC
1111 W. 35th Street, Chicago, IL 60609 USA
Customer Support: (773) 869-1234
www.tripplite.com
Reliable Mobile EMS Power
Congratulations! You’ve purchased the most advanced, feature-rich Inverter/Charger designed as an uninterruptible power source for medical
equipment in ambulance/EMS vehicles. While ambulance/EMS vehicles are on a call, Tripp Lite EMS Inverter/Chargers keep critical equipment constantly in service by providing automatic, uninterrupted DC-to-AC power, inverted from user-supplied batteries. After a call, when utility power is available, EMS Inverter/Chargers automatically pass through AC power to equipment while simultaneously recharging connected batteries. Built-in premium ISOBAR® surge suppression technology provides an additional level of equipment protection.
Better for Your Equipment
Built to Meet or Exceed Tough EMS Standards
• UL458
Premium Protection Levels
• Built-In Isobar Surge Protection
• Automatic Overload Protection
®
Ideal Output for All Loads (including computers)
• Frequency-Controlled Output
• Fast Load Switching
• Balanced Load Sharing**
Better for Your Batteries
Faster Battery Recharge
• High-Amp, 3-Stage Battery Charger (adjustable)
Critical Battery Protection
• Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense)
• Battery Temperature Sensing
• High-Efficiency DC-to-AC Inversion
Better for You
Quiet, Simple, Maintenance-Free Operation
•
•
•
•
Multi-Function Lights & Switches
Dead Battery Startup
Ignition Interlock & In/Out Swap Protection
Moisture-Resistant Construction*
Contents
Warranty/Warranty Registration
Safety
Feature Identification
Operation
Configuration
2
2
3
4
5-6
Battery Selection
Mounting
Battery Connection
AC Input/Output Connection
Service/Maintenance/Troubleshooting
* Inverter/Chargers are moisture-resistant, not waterproof. ** Available on all models EXCEPT 1250 models.
Copyright © 2005. PowerVerter® is a registered trademark of Tripp Lite. All rights reserved.
7
8
9
10
11-12
Limited Warranty
Tripp Lite warrants its Inverter/Chargers to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of 18 months from the date of retail purchase by end user.
Tripp Lite’s obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or replacing (at its sole option) any such defective products. To obtain service under this warranty you must obtain a Returned Material
Authorization (RMA) number from Tripp Lite or an authorized Tripp Lite service center. Products must be returned to Tripp Lite or an authorized Tripp Lite service center with transportation charges
prepaid and must be accompanied by a brief description of the problem encountered and proof of date and place of purchase. This warranty does not apply to equipment which has been damaged by accident, negligence or misapplication or has been altered or modified in any way, including opening of the unit’s casing for any reason. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser who must have properly registered the product within 10 days of purchase.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, TRIPP LITE MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not permit limitation or exclusion of implied warranties; therefore, the aforesaid limitation(s) or exclusion(s) may not apply to the retail purchaser.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED ABOVE, IN NO EVENT WILL TRIPP LITE BE LIABLE FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE
USE OF THIS PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. Specifically, Tripp Lite is not liable for any costs, such as lost profits or revenue, loss of equipment,
loss of use of equipment, loss of software, loss of data, costs of substitutes, claims by third parties, or otherwise.
WARRANTY REGISTRATION
Visit www.tripplite.com/warranty to
register the warranty of your new
Tripp Lite product. You'll be automatically
entered into a drawing for a chance to
win a FREE Tripp Lite product!*
* No purchase necessary. Void where prohibited.
Some restrictions apply. See website for details.
Tripp Lite has a policy of continuous improvement. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Important Safety Instructions
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!
This manual contains important instructions and warnings that should be followed during the installation, operation and storage of all Tripp Lite
Inverter/Chargers.
Location Warnings
• Install your Inverter/Charger (whether for a mobile or stationary application) in a location or compartment that minimizes exposure to
heat, dust, direct sunlight and moisture.
• Although your Inverter/Charger is moisture resistant, it is NOT waterproof. Flooding the unit with water will cause it to short-circuit
and could cause personal injury due to electric shock. Never immerse the unit, and avoid any area where standing water might
accumulate. Mounting should be in the driest location available.
• Leave a minimum of 2" clearance at front and back of the Inverter/Charger for proper ventilation. The heavier the load of connected
equipment, the more heat will be generated by the unit.
• Do not install the Inverter/Charger directly near magnetic storage media, as this may result in data corruption.
• Do not install near flammable materials, fuel or chemicals.
• Install EMS Inverter/Chargers in land vehicles only.
Battery Connection Warnings
• The Inverter/Charger will not operate (with or without utility power) until batteries are connected.
• Multiple battery systems must be comprised of batteries of identical voltage, age, amp-hour capacity and type.
• Because explosive hydrogen gas can accumulate near batteries if they are not kept well ventilated, your batteries should not be
installed (whether for a mobile or stationary application) in a “dead air” compartment. Ideally, any compartment would have some
ventilation to outside air.
• Sparks may result during final battery connection. Always observe proper polarity as batteries are connected.
• Do not allow objects to contact the two DC input terminals. Do not short or bridge these terminals together. Serious personal injury
or property damage could result.
Equipment Connection Warnings
• In life support applications where a malfunction or failure of a Tripp Lite EMS Inverter/Charger could result in failure of, or
significantly alter the performance of, a life support device or any medical device critical to a patient's health, such devices
should be provided with at least one backup power source by the ambulance operator.
• Corded models: Do not modify the Inverter/Charger’s plug or receptacle in a way that eliminates its ground connection. Do not use
power adapters that will eliminate the plug’s ground connection.
• Connect your Inverter/Charger only to a properly grounded AC power outlet or hardwired source. Do not plug the unit into itself; this
will damage the device and void your warranty.
• You may experience uneven performance results if you connect a surge suppressor, line conditioner or UPS system to the output of
the Inverter/Charger.
Operation Warnings
• Your Inverter/Charger does not require routine maintenance. Do not open the device for any reason. There are no user-serviceable parts inside.
• Potentially lethal voltages exist within the Inverter/Charger as long as the battery supply and/or AC input are connected. During any
service work, the battery supply and AC input connection (if any) should therefore be disconnected.
• Do not connect or disconnect batteries while the Inverter/Charger is operating from the battery supply. Dangerous arcing may result.
2E
Feature Identification
Identify the premium features on your specific model and quickly locate instructions on how to maximize their use.
Configuration DIP Switches: optimize Inverter/Charger
operation depending on your application. See pages 5-6 for
setting instructions.
Operating Mode Switch: controls Inverter/Charger operation.
The “AUTO/REMOTE” setting ensures your equipment
receives constant, uninterrupted AC power. It also enables the
Inverter/Charger to be remotely monitored and controlled with
an optional remote module (included). The “CHARGE
ONLY” setting allows your batteries to return to full charge
faster by turning the inverter off which halts battery discharging.
See page 4 for setting instructions.
Operation Indicator Lights: intuitive “traffic light” signals
show whether the Inverter/Charger is operating from AC line
power or DC battery power. It also warns you if the connected
equipment load is too high. See page 4 for instructions on
reading indicator lights.
Battery Indicator Lights: intuitive “traffic light” signals show
approximate charge level of your battery. See page 4 for instructions
on reading indicator lights.
DC Input Connection: EMS1012UL models feature a battery connector wired into the unit which allows quick battery connection/disconnection when used with an additional quick battery
connector (included in the box) and user-supplied cables.
EMS1250UL models come with a cable/connector assembly for
use with the unit's DC input terminals. DC battery terminals for
use with user-supplied cables are located on the rear of
EMS1250UL models, and on the front only of EMS2012UL
models.
Hospital-Grade Ground Fault Interrupter (GFI) AC
Receptacles (not on hardwire models): allow you to connect
equipment that would normally be plugged into a utility outlet.
Higher retention force helps reduce the risk of accidental disconnection. They feature ground fault interrupter switches that
trip if there is excessive current on the ground safety wire.
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
4
10
3 2
1
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
10
4
11
15
16
INPUT
BREAKER
13
OUTPUT
BREAKER
Side Mounted,
Not Shown
Side Mounted,
Not Shown
1
10
4
3
16
13
HOT
IN
NEUTRAL
9
6
IN
GROUND
IN
GROUND
OUT
HOT
OUT
NEUTRAL
OUT
US
12
5
Model: EMS1250UL Front View
8
14
Model: EMS2012UL Front View
17
12
12
5
7
5
Model: EMS1012UL Rear View
11
Side Mounted,
Not Shown
Side Mounted,
Not Shown
“FOR USE WITH COPPER WIRE ONLY”
LISTED
POWER INVERTER
1DA8
Model: EMS1012UL Front View
2
15
6
C
13
3 2
11
9
UL
AC Input Cord with Hospital-Grade Plug (not on hardwire
models): connects the Inverter/Charger to any source of utilityor generator-supplied AC power. Superior quality blade construction helps reduce the risk of accidental disconnection. See
page 10 for connection instructions.
Hardwire AC Input/Output Terminal Strip (not on corded
models): securely connects the Inverter/Charger to vehicle
electrical system. See page 10 for connection instructions.
Resettable Circuit Breakers: protect your Inverter/Charger
against damage due to overload. See page 4 for resetting instructions.
Remote Control Module Connector:
allows remote monitoring and control
with an included module. See remote
module owner’s manual for connection
EMS Remote Control Module (included)
instructions.
Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense) Dial: conserves
battery power by setting the low-load level at which the
Inverter/Charger’s inverter automatically shuts off. See page 6
for setting instructions.
Main Ground Lug: properly grounds the Inverter/Charger to
vehicle grounding system or to earth ground. See page 9 for
connection instructions. (On EMS1250UL models, the ground
lug is located on the front of the unit.)
Multi-Speed Cooling Fan: quiet, efficient fan prolongs equipment service life.
Hardwire AC Input/Output Cover Plate
Battery Temperature Sensing Connector: prolongs battery life
by adjusting charge based on battery temperature. Use with cable
(included on select models). See Configuration section for details.
Automatic Generator Start Connector: automatically cycles
generator based on battery voltage. Use with user-supplied
cable. See Configuration section for details.
Ignition Interlock Control Jack (EMS1250UL only) : used to
connect the inverter/charger to the vehicle ignition switch. Disables
AC power output when the vehicle ignition switch is placed in the
“Engine Run” position. See p. 6 for connection instructions.
7
Model: EMS1250UL Rear View
3E
Model: EMS2012UL Rear View
9
Operation
Switch Modes
INV (Inverting) Yellow Indicator: This light will
ILLUMINATE CONTINUOUSLY whenever connected
equipment is receiving battery-supplied, inverted AC
power (in the absence of a utility/generator source or
in over/under voltage situations). This light will be
off when AC power is supplying the load. This light will FLASH to
alert you if the load is less than the Battery Charge Conserver (Load
Sense) setting.
After configuring, mounting and connecting your Inverter/Charger,
you are able to operate it by switching between the following operating modes as appropriate to your situation:
AUTO/REMOTE: Switch to this mode when you
need constant, uninterrupted AC power for connected
equipment. The Inverter/Charger will continue to supply
AC power to connected equipment and to charge your
connected batteries while utility- or generator-supplied AC power is present. Since the inverter is ON
(but in Standby) in this mode, it will automatically switch to your
battery system to supply AC power to connected equipment in the
absence of a utility/generator source or in over/under voltage situations. “AUTO/REMOTE” also enables an optional remote control
module (Tripp Lite model APSRM4, included) to function when connected to the unit.
LOAD Red Indicator: This red light will ILLUMINATE CONTINUOUSLY whenever the inverter is
functioning and the power demanded by connected
appliances and equipment exceeds 100% of load
capacity. The light will FLASH to alert you when the
inverter shuts down due to a severe overload or overheating. If this happens, turn the operating mode switch “OFF”; remove the overload and
let the unit cool. You may then turn the operating mode switch to
either “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY” after it has adequately
cooled. This light will be off when AC power is supplying the load.
CHARGE ONLY: Switch to this mode when you are
not using connected equipment in order to conserve
battery power by disabling the inverter. The
Inverter/Charger will continue to supply AC power to
connected equipment and charge connected batteries
while utility- or generator-supplied AC power is present.
However, since the inverter is OFF in this mode, it WILL NOT supply AC power to connected equipment in the absence of a utility/generator source or in over/under voltage situations.
BATTERY Indicator Lights: These three lights will illuminate in
several sequences to show the approximate charge level of your connected battery bank and alert you to two fault conditions:
Approximate Battery Charge Level*
Indicator Illuminated Battery Capacity
(Charging/Discharging)
1
OFF: Switch to this mode to shut down the
Inverter/Charger completely, preventing the inverter
from drawing power from the batteries, and preventing
utility AC from passing through to connected equipment or charging the batteries. Use this switch to
automatically reset the unit if it shuts down due to
overload or overheating. First remove the excessive load or allow
the unit to sufficiently cool (applicable to your situation). Switch to
“OFF”, then back to “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY” as
desired. If unit fails to reset, remove more load or allow unit to cool
further and retry. Use the remote control module (Tripp Lite model
APSRM4, included) to reset unit due to overload only.
2
3
4
5
6
7
Green
Green & Yellow
Yellow
Yellow & Red
Red
All three lights off
Flashing red
91%–Full
81%–90%
61%–80%
41%–60%
21%–40%
1%–20%
0% (Inverter
shutdown)
* Charge levels listed are approximate. Actual conditions vary
depending on battery condition and load.
Fault Condition
Indicator Illuminated
1
All three lights
flash slowly*
2 All three lights
flash quickly**
Indicator Lights
Your Inverter/Charger (as well as the Tripp Lite Remote Control
Module, included) is equipped with a simple, intuitive, user-friendly
set of indicator lights. These easily-remembered “traffic light” signals
will allow you, shortly after first use, to tell at a glance the charge
condition of your batteries, as well as ascertain operating details and
fault conditions.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Fault Condition
Excessive discharge
(Inverter shutdown)
Overcharge (Charger
shutdown)
1
2
* Approximately ½ second on, ½ second off. See Troubleshooting section. ** Approximately ¼
second on, ¼ second off. May also indicate a battery charger fault exists. See Troubleshooting section.
Resetting Your Inverter/Charger to
Restore AC Power
LINE Green Indicator: If the operating mode switch
is set to “AUTO/REMOTE”, this light will ILLUMINATE CONTINUOUSLY when your connected
equipment is receiving continuous AC power supplied from a utility/generator source.
Your Inverter/Charger may cease supplying AC power or DC charging
power in order to protect itself from overload or to protect your electrical system. To restore normal functioning:
Overload Reset: Switch operating mode switch to “OFF” and
remove some of the connected electrical load (ie: turn off some of
the AC devices drawing power which may have caused the overload
of the unit). Wait one minute, then switch operating mode switch
back to either “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY.”
If the operating mode switch is set to “CHARGE ONLY”, this light
will FLASH to alert you that the unit’s inverter is OFF and will NOT
supply AC power in the absence of a utility/generator source or in
over/under voltage situations.
Output Circuit Breaker Reset: Alternatively, check output circuit
breaker(s) on the unit's front panel. If tripped, remove some of the electrical load, then wait one minute to allow components to cool before
resetting the circuit breaker. See Troubleshooting for other possible
reasons AC output may be absent.
4E
Configuration
Set Configuration DIP Switches
Using a small tool, set the Configuration DIP Switches (located on the front panel of your unit, see diagram) to optimize Inverter/Charger
operation depending on your application.
B4
B3
B2
B1
A4
A3
INPUT C/B 10A
Group B Dip Switches
A2
A1
OUTPUT C/B 12A
Group A Dip Switches
Group A DIP Switches
A1
Select Battery Type—REQUIRED
A2
A4 A3 A2 A1
CAUTION: The Battery Type DIP Switch setting must
match the type of batteries you connect, or your batteries
may be degraded or damaged over an extended period of
time. See “Battery Selection,” p. 7 for more information.
Battery Type
Gel Cell (Sealed) Battery
Wet Cell (Vented) Battery
Select Charger Enable/Inhibit
(Model EMS1250UL only)
A4 A3 A2 A1
Switch is preset to ENABLE, which permits continuous
battery charging. If you are connecting the EMS1250UL
to batteries with a separate charger, you may set this
switch to INHIBIT to disable its built-in charger to
prevent overcharging.
Switch Position
Up
Down (factory setting)
Voltage
Inhibit
Enable
A2
INHIBIT
ENABLE
Switch Position
Up
Down (factory setting)
Select High AC Input Voltage Point
for Switching to Battery—OPTIONAL*
(Models EMS1012UL & EMS2012UL)
A4 A3 A2 A1
145V
135V
Voltage
145V
135V
A4 A3
Select Low AC Input Voltage Point for Switching to
Battery—OPTIONAL*
Voltage
105V
95V
85V
75V
Switch Position
Up
Down (factory setting)
A4 A3 A2 A1
Switch Position
#A4 Up & #A3 Up
#A4 Up & #A3 Down
#A4 Down & #A3 Up
#A4 Down & #A3 Down
(factory setting)
A4 A3 A2 A1
A4 A3 A2 A1
A4 A3 A2 A1
* Most of your connected equipment will perform adequately when your Inverter/Charger’s High AC Input Voltage Point (DIP Switch #2 of Group A) is set to 135V and its Low AC Voltage Input
Point (DIP Switches #3 and #4 of Group A) are set to 95V. However, if the unit frequently switches to battery power due to momentary high/low line voltage swings that would have little effect on equipment operation, you may wish to adjust these settings. By increasing the High AC Voltage Point and/or decreasing the Low AC Voltage Point, you will reduce the number of times your unit switches to
battery due to voltage swings.
Group B DIP Switches
B1 B2
Select Load Sharing—OPTIONAL
Your Inverter/Charger features a high-output battery charger that can draw a significant amount of AC power from your utility source or generator
when charging at its maximum rate. If your unit is supplying its full AC power rating to its connected heavy electrical loads at the same time
as this high charging occurs, the AC input circuit breaker could trip, resulting in the complete shut off of pass-through utility power.
To reduce the chance of tripping this breaker, Inverter/Chargers may be set to automatically limit the charger output. This keeps the sum of the unit’s
AC load and charge power within the circuit breaker rating. This charger-limiting function has four settings, allowing you to reduce the charger’s
draw lower and lower, as needed, if the AC input circuit breaker keeps tripping under the normal AC loads of devices you have connected
downline from the unit. The figures on the next page show how to set your DIP Switches to determine how heavy the connected load can
be on your Inverter/Charger before charger-limiting begins.
5E
Configuration
(Continued)
EMS1012UL & EMS2012UL Models*
Select Battery Charger-Limiting Points—OPTIONAL
“Most Limiting” (#B2 & #B1 Up) Charger-limiting B4 B3 B2 B1
takes effect the moment any 120V AC load is applied;
charger output falls gradually from full output at no
120V load passing through to no output at full load.
“Less Limiting” (#B2 UP & #B1 Down): :
Charger-limiting begins when the Inverter/ B4 B3 B2 B1
Charger’s
load
reaches
33%
of
the
Inverter/Charger’s load rating. Charger output falls
gradually from full output at 33% of the
Inverter/Charger’s load rating to about 40% of full output at full load.
EMS1012UL & EMS2012UL Models*
“Least Limiting” (#B2 Down & #B1 Up): B4 B3 B2 B1
Charger-limiting begins at when the Inverter/
Charger’s load reaches 66% of the Inverter/
Charger’s load rating. Charger output falls gradually from full output at 66% of the Inverter/Charger’s load rating to
about 40% of full output at full load.
“No Limiting” (#B2 & #B1 Down, factory set- B4 B3 B2 B1
ting): No charger-limiting occurs at any load size.
* Charger limiting function varies by model. On Models EMS1012UL and EMS2012UL, all settings are functional. On Model EMS1250UL, charger limiting is preset to “Most Limiting”;
switches are non-functional.
Select Equalize Battery Charge—
B4 B3 B2 B1 Reset
OPTIONAL
This DIP Switch is momentarily engaged to
Equalize
begin the process of equalizing the charge
state of your battery’s cells by time-limited overcharge of all cells.
This can extend the useful life of certain types of batteries; consult
with your battery’s manufacturer to determine if your batteries
could benefit from this process. The charge equalization process is
automatic; once started, it can only be stopped by removing the
input power.
Setting Procedure
• Move to “Equalize” (DOWN) position for three seconds.
• Move to “Reset” (UP) position and leave it there. This is the
factory default setting.
B3
B4
CAUTION: Do not leave DIP switch #B3 in the down position after beginning process. Battery
charge equalization should only be performed in strict accordance with the battery manufacturer’s
instructions and specifications.
Set Battery Charging Amps—OPTIONAL
Check specifications for your unit’s high- and B4 B3 B2 B1
low-charging amp options. By setting on high
charging, your batteries will charge at maximum speed. When setting on low charging,
you lengthen the life of your batteries (especially smaller ones).
Battery Charge
Reset
Equalize
Switch Position
Up (factory setting)
Down—momentarily
Battery Charger
Low Charge Amp
High Charge Amp
Switch Position
Up (EMS1012UL & EMS2012UL factory setting)
Down (EMS1250UL factory setting)
CAUTION: When switching to the High Charge Amp setting, the user must ensure that the amp
hour capacity of their battery system exceeds the amperage of the High Charge Amp setting or
the batteries may be damaged or degraded.
Set Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense) Control—OPTIONAL
In order to save battery power, the unit’s inverter automatically shuts off in the absence of any power demand from connected equipment (the electrical load). When the unit detects a load, it automatically turns its inverter function on. Users may choose the minimum
load the Inverter/Charger will detect by adjusting the Battery Charge Conserver Control (see diagram). Using a small tool, turn the control clockwise to lower the minimum load that will be detected, causing the inverter to turn on for smaller loads. When the control is
turned fully clockwise, the inverter will operate even when there is no load. Turn the control counterclockwise to increase the minimum
load that will be detected, causing the inverter to stay off until the new minimum load is reached.
MAX
(GREATER
LOAD
ON)
OFF
(LESSER
LOAD
ON)
Note: the factory setting for the control is fully clockwise. However, based on the threshold load to which you’d like the inverter to respond, you should adjust the control counterclockwise to reduce its
sensitivity until the inverter is active only when connected equipment or appliances are actually in use.
Connect Remote Control—OPTIONAL
All models feature an 8-conductor telephone style receptacle on the front panel for use with the included remote control module. The remote
module allows the Inverter/Charger to be mounted in a compartment or cabinet out of sight, while operated conveniently from within the cab
or patient-care area of your EMS vehicle. See instructions packed with the remote control module.
Connect Battery Temperature Sensing Cable—OPTIONAL (Not available on EMS1250UL models)
The battery temperature sensing function prolongs battery life by adjusting the charge level based on battery temperature. Connect the sensor
cable (the cable, included with select models, has an RJ style connector on one end and a black sensor on the other) to the RJ style jack
located on the side of the Inverter/Charger labeled “Remote Temp. Sense.” Affix the sensor to the side of your battery below the electrolyte
level. To guard against false readings due to ambient temperature, place the sensor between batteries, if possible, or away from sources of extreme
heat or cold. If the sensor cable is not used, the Inverter/Charger will charge according to its B4 Dip Switch setting. This function does not
replace the Battery Charge Amps DIP Switch B4 setting. Charge amps will remain in the vicinity of the level you have set with the B4 DIP Switch.
Utilize Automatic Generator Starter Capability—OPTIONAL (Not available on EMS1250UL models)
Select EMS models include an RJ type modular jack labeled “Generator Start.” Attach to vehicle generator on-off
switching mechanism with user-supplied cable (see Pin Configuration Diagram). Once attached, the interface will
allow the Inverter/Charger to automatically switch a vehicle generator on when connected battery voltage levels
are low (11.6 VDC) and switch it off when battery voltage levels are high (14.1 VDC).
Pin Configuration
1
2
3
4
5
2 - Common
3 - N.C.
(Normally Closed)
4 - N.O.
(Normally Open)
6
Ignition Interlock Control function (Model EMS1250UL only): This function automatically disables (turns OFF) AC power output from the inverter/charger when the vehicle’s ignition switch is placed in the “Engine Run” position. This function will satisfy local codes and requirements concerning video monitors or TVs that are located within a driver’s view by automatically turning them off when the engine is started. Using the
included interface cable,* connect the black lead to vehicle ground (battery negative). Connect the red lead to the “Engine Run” terminal of the vehicle's
ignition switch. Then connect the interface cable's mini-plug to the Ignition Switch Control Jack on the unit (see p. 3 for location of jack).
* The interface cable has a mini-plug on one end and two wire leads (one black and one red) on the other.
6E
Battery Selection
Select Auxiliary Battery Type
(if any)
Select “Deep Cycle” batteries to receive optimum performance from your Inverter/Charger. Batteries of either Wet-Cell (vented) or Gel-Cell
/Absorbed Glass Mat (sealed) construction are ideal. 6-volt “golf cart”, Marine Deep-Cycle or 8D Deep-Cycle batteries are also acceptable.
You must set the Inverter/Charger’s Battery Type DIP Switch (see Configuration section for more information) to match the type of batteries
you connect or your batteries may be degraded or damaged over an extended period of time. In many cases, the vehicle battery may be the
only one installed. Auxiliary batteries must be identical to the vehicle batteries if they are connected to each other.
Match Battery Amp-Hour Capacity to Your Application
Select a battery or system of batteries that will provide your Inverter/Charger with proper DC voltage and an adequate amp-hour capacity
to power your application. Even though Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers are highly-efficient at DC-to-AC inversion, their rated output capacities are
limited by the total amp-hour capacity of connected batteries. If your vehicle has a heavy duty alternator(s), the battery capacity is less important.
Example
• STEP 1) Determine Total Wattage Required
Add the wattage ratings of all equipment you will connect to your
Inverter/Charger. Wattage ratings are usually listed in equipment manuals
or on nameplates. If your equipment is rated in amps, multiply that number
times AC utility voltage to determine watts. (Example: a piece of equipment listed at 2½ amps. 2½ amps × 120 volts = 300 watts.)
Ambulance/EMS Vehicle Equipment
Blanket Warmer
250W
+
IV Warmer
250W
Monitor
+
400W =
900W
Note: Your Inverter/Charger will operate at higher efficiencies at about 75% - 80% of nameplate rating.
• STEP 2) Determine DC Battery Amps Required
Divide the total wattage required (from step 1, above) by the battery voltage
(12) to determine the DC amps required.
• STEP 3) Estimate Battery Amp-Hours Required (for operation
unsupported by the alternator)
Multiply the DC amps required (from step 2, above) by the number of hours
you estimate you will operate your equipment exclusively from battery
power before you have to recharge your batteries with utility- or generator-supplied AC power. Compensate for inefficiency by multiplying this
number by 1.2. This will give you a rough estimate of how many amp-hours
of battery power (from one or several batteries) you should connect to
your Inverter/Charger.
900 watts ÷ 12V = 75 DC Amps
75 DC Amps × 5 Hrs. Runtime
× 1.2 Inefficiency Rating = 450 Amp-Hours
NOTE! Battery amp-hour ratings are usually given for a 20-hour discharge rate. Actual amp-hour capacities are less when batteries are discharged at faster rates. For example, batteries discharged in 55 minutes provide only 50% of their listed amp-hour ratings, while batteries discharged in 9 minutes provide as
little as 30% of their amp-hour ratings.
• STEP 4) Estimate Battery Recharge Required, Given Your Application
You must allow your batteries to recharge long enough to replace the
charge lost during inverter operation or else you will eventually run down
your batteries. To estimate the minimum amount of time you need to
recharge your batteries given your application, divide your required battery
amp-hours (from step 3, above) by your Inverter/Charger’s rated charging
amps (see Specifications section).
NOTE! For Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers over 1000 watts used in mobile applications, Tripp Lite recommends you use at least two batteries, if possible fed by a heavy-duty alternator anytime the vehicle is running. Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers will provide adequate power for ordinary usage within limited times
without the assistance of utility or generator power. However, when operating extremely heavy electrical
loads at their peak in the absence of utility power, you may wish to “assist your batteries” by running an
auxiliary generator or vehicle engine, and doing so at faster than normal idling.
7E
450 Amp-Hours ÷ 55 Amps
Inverter/Charger Rating = 8 Hours Recharge
Mounting
WARNING! Mount your Inverter/Charger BEFORE DC battery and AC power
connection. Failure to follow these instructions may lead to personal injury
and/or damage to the Inverter/Charger and connected systems.
Tripp Lite manufactures a variety of different Inverter/Chargers with a variety of different mounting options for use in vehicular or non-vehicular
applications. Tripp Lite recommends permanent mounting of your Inverter/Charger in any of the configurations illustrated below. User must
supply mounting hardware and is responsible for determining if the hardware and mounting surface are suitable to support the weight of the
Inverter/Charger. Contact Tripp Lite if you require further assistance in mounting your Inverter/Charger.
Vehicular and Non-Vehicular Horizontal Mount
Vehicular and Non-Vehicular Horizontal Mount
(All Models except EMS1250UL)
(EMS1250UL models only)
A Using the measurements from the diagram, install two usersupplied ¼" (6 mm) fasteners into a rigid horizontal surface,
leaving the heads slightly raised. B Slide the Inverter/Charger
forward over the fasteners to engage the mounting feet molded
on the front of the Inverter/Charger cabinet. C Install and tighten two user-supplied ¼" (6 mm) fasteners into the mounting
feet molded on the rear of the Inverter/Charger cabinet. The rear
feet extend beyond the unit’s cabinet to provide for adequate
ventilation space behind the cooling fan(s); they should not be
removed.
C
A Using the measurements from the diagram, install two user-supplied ¼" (6 mm) fasteners into a rigid horizontal surface, leaving
the heads slightly raised. B Slide the Inverter/Charger back over
the fasteners to engage the mounting slots molded on the bottom of
the Inverter/Charger cabinet. C Install and tighten two user-supplied ¼" (6 mm) fasteners into the mounting feet molded on the
front of the Inverter/Charger cabinet.
C
A
4.5 in.
"
B
6.75 in.
B
(11.4 cm)
M
"
M
(17.1 cm)
A
"
6.75 in.
7.87 in.
"
(20 cm)
Note: EMS model cabinets may have different front panel features, but all have identical mounting.
8E
(17.1 cm)
Battery Connection
Connect your Inverter/Charger to your batteries using the following procedures:
• Connect DC Wiring: Though your
Inverter/Charger is a high-efficiency converter of electricity,
its rated output
capacity is limited
by the length and
gauge
of
the
cabling
running
Front-Mounted DC
from the battery to
Connectors
the unit. Use the
(EMS2012UL only)
shortest length and
largest diameter
cabling (maximum
2/0 gauge) to fit
your
Inverter/
Charger's DC input Rear-Mounted DC Connterminals. Shorter ectors (EMS1250UL only)
and heavier-gauge
cabling reduces DC voltage drop and allows
for maximum transfer of current. Your
Inverter/ Charger is capable of delivering
peak wattage at up to 200% of its rated continuous wattage output for brief periods of
time. See your unit's Specifications Sheet
for details. Heavier-gauge cabling should be
used when continuously operating heavy
draw equipment under these conditions. For
EMS1250UL and EMS2012UL, tighten
your Inverter/ Charger and battery terminals
to approximately 3.5 Newton-meters of
torque to create an efficient connection and
to prevent excessive heating at this connection. Model EMS1012 comes with two
Quick Connectors, one prewired to the unit
and one in the box, for use with user-supplied cables. Insufficient tightening of the
terminals could void your warranty. See the
Minimum Recommended Cable Sizing
Chart on your unit's Specifications Sheet.
• Connect Ground: Using a #8 AWG wire
or larger directly connect the Main Ground
Lug to the vehicle's chassis or earth ground.
See the Feature Identification section, page
3, to locate the Main Ground Lug on your
specific Inverter/Charger model. All installations must comply with national and local
codes and ordinances.
• Connect Fuse: NEC article 551 requires
that you connect your Inverter/Charger's
positive DC Terminal directly to a UL-listed
fuse and fuse block within 18 inches of the
battery. The fuse's rating must equal or
exceed the Minimum DC Fuse Rating listed
for your Inverter/Charger. See your unit's
Specifications Sheet for fuse requirements.
See diagrams below for proper fuse
placement.
WARNING! • Failure to properly ground your Inverter/Charger to the vehicle’s chassis or earth
ground may result in a lethal electrical shock hazard.
• Never attempt to operate your Inverter/Charger by connecting it directly to output from an
alternator rather than a battery or battery bank.
Vehicular
Your Inverter/Charger’s Nominal DC Input Voltage must match the voltage of your battery or batteries—12 Volts in most vehicular applications.
Although it is possible to connect your Inverter/Charger to the main battery within your vehicle’s electrical system, in the normal vehicular context,
the Inverter/Charger will be connected to one or more dedicated auxiliary (house) batteries which are isolated from the drive system to prevent possible
draining of the main battery.
7
3
2
1
12 Volts
12 Volt Inverter/Charger
12 Volts
5
12 Volt Main Battery Connection
EMS1012UL Inverter/Chargers feature two
Quick Connectors (one wired to the unit and one
included in the box) for use with user-supplied
cables. EMS1250UL and EMS2012UL use direct
DC battery connection, illustrated at the top of
the page.
7
4
6
2
12 Volts
1
12 Volt Inverter/Charger
12 Volts
5
2
12 Volts
3
EMS1012UL Inverter/Chargers feature two
Quick Connectors (one wired to the unit and
one included in the box) for use with user-supplied
cables. EMS1250UL and EMS2012UL use
direct DC battery connection, illustrated at the
top of the page.
12 Volt Main and Auxiliary (House) Battery Connection (Isolated Parallel)
1 12 Volt Alternator 2 Vehicle Battery Ground
within 18 inches of the battery)
3 12 Volt Main Battery 4 12 Volt Auxiliary (House) Battery
5 UL-Listed Fuse & Fuse Block (mounted
6 Battery Isolator 7 Large Diameter Cabling, Maximum(2/0) Gauge to Fit Terminals
9E
AC Input/Output Connection
To avoid overloading your Inverter/Charger, be sure to match the power requirements of the equipment you plan to run at any one time (add their
total watts) with the output wattage capacity of your Inverter/Charger model (see Specifications). When figuring the power requirements
of your equipment, do not confuse “continuous” wattage with “peak” wattage ratings. Most electric motors require extra power at start-up
(“peak wattage”) than required to run continuously after start-up, sometimes over 100% more. Some motors, such as in refrigerators and
pumps, start and stop intermittently according to demand, requiring “peak wattage” at multiple, unpredictable times during operation.
• DoubleBoost™ Feature
Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers deliver up to twice their nameplate
rated wattage for up to 10 seconds,* providing the extra power
needed to cold start heavy-duty tools and equipment.
• OverPower™ Feature
Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers deliver up to 150% of their nameplate rated wattage for up to 1 hour,* providing plenty of reserve
power to reliably support tools and equipment longer.
* Actual duration depends on battery age, battery charge level and ambient temperature.
Connection for Models with Cords and Receptacles
Plug the Inverter/Charger’s AC input cord into an outlet providing 120V AC, 60Hz. power. Make sure that the circuit you connect your
Inverter/Charger to has adequate overload protection, such as a circuit breaker or a fuse. To make use of AC output (either utility/generator pass-through power or inverter power) simply plug your equipment into the Inverter/Charger's AC receptacles. Any equipment you connect to it will benefit from your Inverter/Charger’s built-in ISOBAR® surge protection!
Warning! Consult a qualified electrician and follow all applicable electrical codes
and requirements for hardwire connection. Disconnect both DC input and AC utility
supply before attempting hardwiring. Use wire type THHN or equivalent with
minimum temperature rating of 90°C.
Connection for Models with Hardwire Terminals
Output Connection Requirement: UL requires that the output terminals of all hardwired Inverter/Charger models must be connected to UL-listed
GFCI receptacles (required receptacle manufacturer/model series: Hubbell GF8200HW or Leviton 8598 HGW copper wiring devices XHGF15W). When wiring GFCI receptacles to output terminals, follow the instructions provided with the GFCI receptacles.
Remove the screws and cover plate over the hardwire terminal box. Remove the knockout covers closest to the desired electrical source and
to your equipment. Attach ½" diameter conduits (user-supplied) to the knockouts and thread wires through. Connect the conduits to each
other with the ground bond connection supplied.
Ground*
• Connect the incoming and outgoing ground wires to the
GROUND (green) terminal 1 .
AC Input
• Connect the incoming hot wire to the input hot
(brown) terminal 2 .
• Connect the incoming neutral wire to the input neutral (blue)
terminal 3 .
“FOR USE WITH COPPER WIRE ONLY”
HOT
2
3
1
4
5
IN
NEUTRAL
IN
GROUND
IN
GROUND
OUT
HOT
OUT
NEUTRAL
OUT
AC Output
• Connect the outgoing hot wire to the output hot
(black) terminal 4 .
• Connect the outgoing neutral wire to the output neutral (white)
terminal 5 .
Note: Ground Bond Connection Supplied
Replace cover plate and tighten screws. * If the incoming conduit only contains two wires (hot
and neutral), the incoming conduit must be bonded to the main ground lug on the unit. In any
case, the incoming conduit must be bonded to earth or vehicle ground, and the incoming conduit
must be bonded to the outgoing conduit.
10E
Service
Before returning your Inverter/Charger for service, follow these steps: 1.) Review the installation and operation instructions to ensure that
the service problem does not originate from a misreading of the instructions. Also, check that the circuit breaker(s) are not tripped.* 2.) If
the problem continues, do not contact or return the Inverter/Charger to the dealer. Instead, call Tripp Lite at (773) 869-1233. A service technician will ask for the Inverter/Charger's model number, serial number and purchase date and will attempt to correct the problem over the
phone. 3.) If the problem requires service, the technician will issue you a Returned Material Authorization (RMA) number, which is required
for service. Securely pack the Inverter/Charger to avoid damage during shipping. Do not use Styrofoam beads for packaging.** Any damages (direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential) to the Inverter/Charger incurred during shipment to Tripp Lite or an authorized
Tripp Lite service center is not covered under warranty. Inverter/Chargers shipped to Tripp Lite or an authorized Tripp Lite service center
must have transportation charges prepaid. Mark the RMA number on the outside of the package. If the Inverter/Charger is within the warranty period, enclose a copy of your sales receipt. Return the Inverter/Charger for service using an insured carrier to the address given to
you by the Tripp Lite service technician.
* This is a common cause of service inquiries which can be easily remedied by following the resetting instructions in this manual. ** If you require packaging, the technician can arrange to send you
proper packaging.
Maintenance
Your Inverter/Charger requires no maintenance and contains no user-serviceable or replaceable parts, but should be kept dry at all times.
Periodically check, clean and tighten all cable connections, as necessary, both at the unit and at the battery.
11E
Troubleshooting
Try these remedies for common Inverter/Charger problems before calling for assistance. Call Tripp Lite Customer Service at (773) 869-1234
before returning your unit for service.
SYMPTOM
PROBLEMS
CORRECTIONS
No AC Output
Unit is not properly connected to utility power
Connect unit to utility power.
(All Indicator Lights Are OFF)
Operating Mode Switch is set to “OFF” and AC input
is present.
Set Operating Mode Switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or
“CHARGE ONLY”.
This is normal when the Operating Mode Switch is set to
“CHARGE ONLY” and AC input is absent.
No correction is required. AC output will return when AC input
returns. Set Operating Mode Switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” if you
require AC output.
Circuit breaker is tripped.
Reset circuit breaker.
Unit has shut down due to battery overcharge (preventing
battery damage). The problem may be with connected
auxiliary chargers, if any, or with the unit’s charger.
Disconnect any auxiliary chargers. Reset by moving Operating Mode
Switch to “OFF”. Wait 1 minute and switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or
“CHARGE ONLY.” If unit remains in shutdown mode after several
attempts to reset, contact Tripp Lite Customer Service for assistance.
Unit has shut down due to excessive battery discharge.
Use an auxiliary charger* to raise battery voltage. Check external
battery connections and fuse. Unit automatically resets when
condition is cleared.
Unit has shut down due to overload.
Reduce load. Reset by moving Operating Mode Switch to “OFF”.
Wait 1 minute. Switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY”.
Battery Not Recharging
Connected batteries are dead.
Check and replace old batteries.
(AC Input Present)
Battery fuse* is blown.
Check and replace fuse.*
Battery cabling* is loose.
Check and tighten or replace cabling.*
Unit has shut down due to battery overcharge (preventing
battery damage). The problem may be with connected
auxiliary chargers, if any, or with the unit’s charger.
Disconnect any auxiliary chargers. Reset by moving Operating Mode
Switch to “OFF”. Wait 1 minute and switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or
“CHARGE ONLY.” If unit remains in shutdown mode after several
attempts to reset, contact Tripp Lite Customer Service for assistance.
Charger Enable/Inhibit Switch inadvertently set to “INHIBIT.”
Set Charger Enable/Inhibit Switch to “ENABLE”.
Input circuit breaker is tripped.
Reset circuit breaker.
All Three Battery Indicator Lights
Are Slowly Flashing.
(½ Second Flashes)
Battery is excessively discharged.
Use an auxiliary charger* to raise battery voltage. Check external
battery connections and fuse. Unit automatically resets when
condition is cleared.
All Three Battery Indicator Lights
Are Rapidly Flashing
(¼ Second Flashes)
Battery is overcharged. Unit will shut down to prevent battery
damage. The problem may be with connected auxiliary
chargers, if any, or with the unit’s charger.
Disconnect any auxiliary chargers. Reset by moving Operating Mode
Switch to “OFF”. Wait 1 minute and switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or
“CHARGE ONLY.” If unit remains in shutdown mode after several
attempts to reset, contact Tripp Lite Customer Service for assistance.
Red “LOW” Battery
Indicator Light Is Flashing
Battery voltage is low. Unit has shut down to protect battery
from damage.
If AC power (utility- or generator-supplied) is present, the unit will
automatically reset itself and start recharging connected batteries.
However, if an external charger is used to recharge the batteries,
you will need to manually reset the unit by by moving the Operating
Mode Switch to “OFF” for two seconds then returning it to
“AUTO/REMOTE”.
False reading due to undersized or insufficiently connected
DC cabling.
Use sufficient size DC cable sufficiently connected to the
Inverter/Charger.
Inverter is overloaded. Unit will automatically shut down
after 5 seconds.
Reduce load. Reset by moving Operating Mode Switch to “OFF”.
Wait 1 minute. Switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY”.
Red “LOAD” Operation
Indicator Light Flashing
* User-supplied.
Regulatory Compliance Identification Numbers
For the purpose of regulatory compliance certifications and identification, your Tripp Lite product has been assigned a unique series number. The series number can be found on the product nameplate label,
along with all required approval markings and information. When requesting compliance information for this product, always refer to the series number. The series number should not be confused with the
marking name or model number of the product.
This product designed and engineered in the USA.
12E
200412020 93-2403
Specifications
MODEL NUMBER:
Series Number:
EMS1012UL
EMS1250UL
EMS2012UL
AGAP100012MV3
AGAP5094
AGAP200012MV3
Input Cord
Input Cord
Hardwire
AC Input Connection:
INVERTER
Common Specifications for All Models • DC Input Volts (Nominal): 12 VDC • DC Input Voltage Range: 10 - 15 VDC • Output Volts (Nominal): 120 VAC, ± 5% • Output Frequency (Nominal): 60 Hz, ± 0.5%
• Efficiency: 88% to 94% depending on load and temperature
Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers include a Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense) Control which saves battery power by allowing users
to set the minimum load level at which the unit’s inverter turns on. Users can significantly reduce the No Load DC Input Current
(approximately 1 A to 3 A for all models) to a very low amp level with the use of this control.
Continuous Power (@ 20 C):
1000
1250
2000
OverPower™ Peak Surge Power:*
1500
1875
3000
Double Boost™ Peak Surge Power:*
2000
2500
4000
Maximum Output AC Current (Continuous):
8.3 A
10.4 A
16.7 A
UL-Recognized DC Fuse Required:
200 A
200 A
400 A
DC Input Current @ Nominal V DC
Full Load
95 A
127 A
190 A
BATTERY CHARGER
Common Specifications for All Models • Acceptance Volts VDC: Selectable 14.4 V** / 14.2 V Wet** / Gel • Float Volts DC (w/gel): 13.3 V (13.6 V) • Input Volts (Nominal): 120 VAC
Charging Capacity DC:
55 A**/14 A
55 A** / 14 A
100 A**/25 A
11.5 A
11 A
20A
Input Current AC:
LINE VAC OPERATION
Common Specifications for All Models • Minimum Input Volts (Transfer to Battery): Selectable 75,** 85, 95 or 105 VAC • Maximum Input Volts (Transfer to Battery): Selectable 135** or 145 VAC † • Input
Frequency (Nominal): 60 Hz, ±10%
Maximum Input AC Current (Continuous, Charger at Maximum):
12 A
12 A
38 A
Maximum Bypass AC Current (load circuit breaker limited):
12 A
12 A
20 A
* OverPower duration (up to 1 hour). DoubleBoost duration (up to 10 seconds). Actual duration depends on battery age, battery charge level and ambient temperature. **Factory setting. † Not applicable to Model EMS1250UL; switches select Charger Enable/Charger Inhibit.
The policy of Tripp Lite is one of continuous improvement. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Minimum Recommended Cable Sizing Chart*
Use in conjunction with DC wiring connection instructions in the Battery Connection section.
Inverter/Charger DC Volt: 12
Wire Gauge
Watts
6
4
2
0
00 (2/0)
500
700
1000
2000
2400
3000
15 ft
11 ft
N/R
N/R
N/R
N/R
25 ft
18 ft
12 ft
N/R
N/R
N/R
39 ft
28 ft
20 ft
N/R
N/R
N/R
62 ft
44 ft
31 ft
16 ft
13 ft
10 ft
79 ft
56 ft
39 ft
20 ft
16 ft
13 ft
Note on Labeling Two symbols are used on the EMS labels.
V~: AC Voltage V : DC Voltage
* N/R = Not Recommended. NOTE: Acceptable power is directly related to cable length (i.e. the shorter the cable, the better the performance)
200412021 93-2404
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