National Unit Specification: general information UNIT Music

National Unit Specification: general information UNIT Music
National Unit Specification: general information
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
CODE
DV4F 12
COURSE
Music (Higher)
SUMMARY
This Unit is intended for candidates who wish to develop their skills in performing and in the use of
music technology. At this level candidates will be expected to have previous experience of solo
and/or group performance in one of the combinations below:
♦
♦
one instrument or voice
and
MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production at Intermediate 2
Candidates will develop performance skills on one instrument or voice. They will also produce audio
folios of performances using MIDI sequencing to record, edit and mix pieces of music using a
computer with a music sequencing package; or use multi-track recording equipment to record and
mix musical performances from a variety of sources. The focus of the Unit is practical, but candidates
will also build their knowledge and understanding of key concepts and techniques used in technology.
In performing, this Unit builds on previous levels of attainment by making increased demands in
terms of length of performance programme and of levels of technical and musical difficulty.
Candidates may study the Unit as part of a general education, as a leisure interest, or for vocational
reasons. The Unit has been designed as part of the Higher Music Course, but may also be used as a
stand-alone Unit.
OUTCOMES
1. Perform music in various styles.
2. Demonstrate understanding of concepts and techniques involved in producing musical
performances using technology.
Administrative Information
Superclass:
LJ
Publication date:
March 2006
Source:
Scottish Qualifications Authority
Version:
01
© Scottish Qualifications Authority
This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part for educational purposes provided that no profit is derived from
reproduction and that, if reproduced in part, the source is acknowledged.
Additional copies of this unit specification can be purchased from the Scottish Qualifications Authority. The cost for each
unit specification is £2.50. (A handling charge of £1.95 will apply to all orders for priced items.)
1
National Unit Specification: general information (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
RECOMMENDED ENTRY
While entry is at the discretion of the centre, candidates would normally be expected to have attained
one of the following, or equivalent:
♦
♦
♦
Intermediate 2 Music
Music: Performing with Technology Unit at Intermediate 2
Standard Grade Music at Credit level
CREDIT VALUE
1 credit at Higher (6 SCQF credit points at SCQF level 6*)
*SCQF credit points are used to allocate credit to qualifications in the Scottish Credit and Qualifications
Framework (SCQF). Each qualification in the Framework is allocated a number of SCQF credit points
at an SCQF level. There are 12 SCQF levels, ranging from Access 1 to Doctorates.
CORE SKILLS
There is no automatic certification of Core Skills or Core Skill components in this Unit.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
2
National Unit Specification: statement of standards
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
Acceptable performance in this Unit will be the satisfactory achievement of the standards set out in
this part of the Unit Specification. All sections of the statement of standards are mandatory and
cannot be altered without reference to the Scottish Qualifications Authority.
OUTCOME 1
Perform music in various styles.
Performance Criteria
a) Perform the chosen pieces with sufficient accuracy in pitch and rhythm to communicate the sense
of the music
b) Perform the chosen pieces musically, by maintaining the musical flow and by realising and
interpreting the composer’s intentions with regard to tempo, phrasing and dynamics
Evidence requirements for Outcome 1
Performance evidence supported by an assessor’s written record of all performance evidence is
required to demonstrate satisfactory attainment of the Outcome and Performance Criteria.
Assessment will take place under controlled conditions in the course of live performances by the
candidate of the prepared programme. The pieces may be performed and assessed in a single event or
assessment evidence may be gathered on a number of occasions during delivery of the Unit.
Performances may take place in the presence of the assessor only, or in the presence of an audience, at
the discretion of the centre.
Lists of permitted instruments, combinations of instruments, and exemplification of appropriate levels
of difficulty are to be found in SQA’s National Qualifications in Music: Performing.
Performance evidence will be based on a programme on one instrument, voice, solo and/or in a group
containing at least two contrasting pieces of music, and lasting 5 minutes.
The National Assessment Bank item for this Unit illustrates the standard to be applied, the breadth of
coverage and includes an assessor checklist. Centres wishing to devise their own instruments of
assessment should refer to the National Assessment Bank to ensure a comparable standard.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
3
National Unit Specification: statement of standards (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
OUTCOME 2
Demonstrate understanding of concepts and techniques involved in producing musical performances
using technology.
Performance Criteria
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Set up equipment for selected music technology effectively according to safe and correct practice
Operate equipment for selected music technology effectively according to safe and correct
practice
Organise and manage practical tasks effectively
Apply concepts and techniques skilfully and creatively in practical tasks to create, develop and
refine recordings
Accurately identify and explain concepts and techniques used in the selected area of music
technology
Evidence requirements for Outcome 2
Written/oral and performance evidence is required which demonstrates that the candidate has
knowledge and understanding of the key concepts and techniques used in the selected area of music
technology. The evidence must cover all of the Performance Criteria.
Evidence will be based on:
♦ Assessor observations – Candidates will be given an assignment brief which details the practical
tasks to be undertaken in either MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production. The
assessor will record the candidate’s progress on an observation checklist which must be
maintained and kept up to date. The observation checklist must be retained for moderation
purposes.
Candidates should base their work on published music scores, their own arrangements of music or
on their own compositions.
♦ Test of knowledge and understanding – Candidates respond to a set of questions testing
knowledge and understanding, including questions about audio excerpts. Evidence should be
produced in supervised, closed-book conditions with a time limit of one hour. Responses may be
written or in the form of an oral recording. The test will include alternative sections relating to
MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production.
Details of the mandatory concepts and techniques specified for this level of music technology are
given in the Appendix to this Unit.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
4
National Unit Specification: statement of standards (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
Assessors should note the following conditions:
♦ In MIDI Sequencing candidates may not use commercial files or music files edited by anyone else
as part of a submission for assessment
♦ In Sound Engineering and Production candidates may not use professional recordings or material
recorded by anyone else as part of a submission for assessment
The National Assessment Bank item for this Unit illustrates the standard to be applied and the breadth
of coverage; it includes an assignment brief, an assessor’s observation checklist and a test of
knowledge and understanding. Centres who wish to develop their own instrument of assessment
should refer to the National Assessment Bank to ensure a comparable standard.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
5
National Unit Specification: support notes
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
This part of the Unit Specification is offered as guidance. The support notes are not mandatory.
While the exact time allocated to this Unit is at the discretion of the centre, the notional design length
is 40 hours.
GUIDANCE ON THE CONTENT AND CONTEXT FOR THIS UNIT
Candidates will have the opportunity to develop and refine their technical and musical competence in
performing. The study of a variety of musical styles and genres will provide a context for
development of these performing skills and for acquisition, through practical activity, of conceptual
knowledge and understanding. While the development of musical literacy is to be encouraged, it is
not a mandatory route to performing.
Candidates studying this Unit as part of the Higher Course will benefit from a breadth of performance
opportunities, solo and in group, as appropriate, in preparation for the Course assessment where, in
the course of a prepared recital, they will demonstrate the ability to perform with accuracy in pitch
and rhythm and to play musically, maintaining the musical flow and realising and interpreting the
composer’s intentions with regard to tempo, phrasing and dynamics.
Exemplification of appropriate levels of difficulty is to be found in SQA’s National Qualifications in
Music: Performing.
Candidates who study this Unit will develop knowledge, understanding and practical skills in either
MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production.
They will demonstrate their abilities in processes followed throughout the Unit and in a test of
knowledge and understanding. Candidates should keep a log of their recordings to identify the
equipment used, the music performed (with a score or a performance plan included), the performers,
and the editing processes used.
Where candidates are taking the Unit as part of the Higher Music Course, the final product folio will
be submitted for Course assessment. For the Higher Music Course, an appreciation of compositional
concepts achieved through studying this Unit is of particular relevance, where an integrated
understanding arises from the experience of performing, listening and composing.
GUIDANCE ON LEARNING AND TEACHING APPROACHES FOR THIS UNIT
This Unit can be delivered in a variety of teaching situations:
Outcome 1
For performing, preparation may be in class and/or in the course of individual or group instrumental
lessons, either in or outside the centre. A variety of repertoire in addition to that used for assessment
purposes could be explored, with candidates having the opportunity to play solo and in group
situations as appropriate. Candidates will have the opportunity to extend, develop and refine their
technical and musical competence in performing.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
6
National Unit Specification: support notes (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
The study of a variety of musical styles and genres will provide a context for developing these
performing skills and through practical activity, conceptual knowledge and understanding.
In Performing, opportunities could be created to enable candidates to perform to members of their
class and to others.
Where this Unit is being taken as part of the Higher Music Course, candidates will gain from an
understanding of style and compositional techniques from the repertoire studied.
Outcome 2
In the chosen area of music technology, candidates will base their work on published music scores,
their own arrangements of music, or on their own compositions to demonstrate creative use of MIDI
Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production. Personal decisions about organising, setting up,
creating tracks, evaluating the music and refining the final mix should demonstrate an objective,
constructive and imaginative understanding of the concepts and techniques involved in achieving an
effective musical production. The mandatory concepts for the optional areas of music technology,
detailed in the Appendix, should be used to indicate the breadth of candidates’ practical skills in
assignments which lead to completed recordings.
Useful classroom activities might include tutor demonstrations of good practice, peer-group opinions
and support, and independent work.
At this level candidates should be capable of independent study or work within peer groupings. They
should have a good working knowledge of the equipment necessary to complete the Technology
Outcomes of this Unit and thus require more help with refining the musical content of their folios;
tuition, discussion and constructive criticism of their work should involve less time from the tutor
than at lower levels.
The following conditions should be noted:
♦
in MIDI Sequencing candidates may not use commercial files or music files edited by anyone
else as part of a submission for assessment.
♦
in Sound Engineering and Production candidates may not use professional recordings or
material recorded by anyone else as part of a submission for assessment.
GUIDANCE ON APPROACHES TO ASSESSMENT FOR THIS UNIT
Centres will know from their preparation of candidates, and from formative assessment of work in
progress, when candidates are ready for formal Unit assessment. It is likely that assessment of
practical skills will take place towards the end of the Unit, allowing time for any re-evaluation, reediting and re-assessment which may be required from the candidate. It is important that the
assessor’s observation checklist and a candidate’s log are maintained throughout the Unit in order to
inform assessment of the candidate’s development in the creative use of technology.
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
7
National Unit Specification: support notes (cont)
UNIT
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
The National Assessment Bank items for this Unit provides useful checklists and guidance for
assessing candidate performance against the Performance Criteria detailed in the Statement of
Standards.
Assessment of the Unit will consist of:
♦
♦
a performance programme, solo and/or in group, on one instrument/voice lasting 5 minutes
evidence of attainment of Outcomes and Performance Criteria in MIDI Sequencing or Sound
Engineering and Production derived from assessor observation checklists and from a test of
knowledge and understanding
If this Unit is taken as part of the Higher Music Course, a completed audio folio of instrumental or
vocal performances and MIDI Sequencing or Sound Engineering and Production mixes will be
submitted for Course assessment. Details of this are given in the Course Assessment Specification.
CANDIDATES WITH ADDITIONAL SUPPORT NEEDS
This Unit Specification is intended to ensure that there are no artificial barriers to learning or
assessment. The additional support needs of individual candidates should be taken into account when
planning learning experiences, selecting assessment instruments or considering alternative Outcomes
for Units. For information on these, please refer to the document Guidance on Assessment
Arrangements for Candidates with Disabilities and/or Additional Support Needs (SQA, 2004).
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
8
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
APPENDIX
Sound Engineering and Production Mandatory Concepts
Higher subsumes the concepts from all lower levels
INTERMEDIATE 1 (MANDATORY)
Sound Engineering
ACCESS 3 (MANDATORY)
Sound Engineering
EQUIPMENT, CONTROLS, EFFECTS,
PROCESSES, TECHNIQUES
AND TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Amplifier
CD
Channel
Connector
Count-in
Distortion
Dry
Echo
Fader
Fade in
Fade out
Gain
Headphones
Input
Jack plug
Lead/cable
Level
Loudspeaker
Meter
Microphone
Microphone stand
Mix
Mono(phonic)
Noise
Output
Phono plug
Recorder
Session log
Stereo(phonic)
Track
Trim
Wet
EQUIPMENT, CONTROLS, EFFECTS,
PROCESSES, TECHNIQUES
AND TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Balance
Buss
Cardioid/
uni-directional
microphone
Click track
Close mic’d
DI box
Effects unit
Equalisation (EQ)
Final mix
Foldback
Mixing desk/Mixer
Monitor
Multi-track
Mute/cut
Omni-directional
microphone
Overdrive
Overdub
Pan(ning)
Peak
Popping and blasting
Pop-shield
Reverb(eration)
Stereo master
Talkback
Time domain effects
Windshield
XLR
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
OTHER MUSICAL
FEATURES
Guitar
Backing vocals
Bass guitar
Drum kit
Introduction
Lead vocal
Riff
Synthesiser
Vocals
OTHER MUSICAL
FEATURES
Acoustic guitar
Chorus
(in a song structure)
Dynamics/Expression
Electric guitar
Guide vocal
Solo
Verse
9
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
APPENDIX (cont)
INTERMEDIATE 2 (MANDATORY)
Sound Engineering
Sound Engineering and Production Mandatory Concepts (cont)
EQUIPMENT, CONTROLS, EFFECTS,
PROCESSES, TECHNIQUES
AND TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
AFL/Solo
Analogue
Auxilliary send/return
Boost (EQ)
Chorus(effect)
Compressor
Condenser microphone
Delay (effect)
Digital
Dynamic mic
Dynamic range
EQ cut
Feedback
Filter
Frequency response
Impedance
Leakage
Line level
Mic level
Noise gate
PFL
Phantom power
Proximity effect
Punch in/out –
Drop in/out
Sibilance
Signal path
Spillage
HIGHER (MANDATORY)
Sound Engineering
EQUIPMENT, CONTROLS, EFFECTS,
PROCESSES, TECHNIQUES
AND TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Attack
Balanced wiring
connectors
Bouncing
Clipping
dB
Decay
Echo/reflection
Enhancer/exciter
Figure-of-eight mic
File compression
Graphic equalizer
Insert point
Limiter
Parametric equalizer
Phase cancellation
Phasing
Pitch shift
Pre-fade
Post-fade
Ratio
Shelving
equalization
Stereo pair
Threshold
Unbalanced wiring
connectors
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
OTHER MUSICAL
FEATURES
Middle 8
Texture
Bridge
Key change/
modulation
Pitch bend
Rhythms
OTHER MUSICAL
FEATURES
Coda
Outro
Sustain
Tempo/timing
Tremolo
10
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
APPENDIX (cont)
(Support concepts)
ACCESS 3
Session
Signal
Take
Tape
Tone control
Track sheets
Two-track recorder
(2-track)
Arrangements
(Support concepts)
INTERMEDIATE 1
INTERMEDIATE 2
Acoustic
Acoustic screen
Arrangements
Circuit breaker
Control room
Live room
Mains multi-block
Record
Ambience
Boom (stand)
Cue
Direct sound
Earth/ground
Indirect sound
Master fader
MIDI
Overdrive
Overload
Pick-up
Pick-up pattern
Remix
Stage monitor
Tracking
Flat
Wah-wah
(Support concepts)
OTHER SOUND ENGINEERING AND PRODUCTION CONCEPTS FOR
INFORMATION AND SUPPORT IN THE UNIT
Attenuate
Autolocate
Effects loop (FX)
Foldback
Gated reverb
Hard-disk recorder
I/O
Masking
Mini-disc(MD)
Patchbay
Patchlead
Signal-to-noise
ratio (S/N ratio)
Shock mount
Subgroup
Sub-woofer
Synchronisation
(Sync)
Tweeter
Woofer
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
11
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
(Support concepts)
HIGHER
APPENDIX (cont)
AB Comparison
ADSR
Active
Balanced wiring
Bandpass filter (BPF)
Centre frequency
Crosstalk
DAT
DSP
High pass filter (HPF)
Master
Post -production
Pre-production
Low pass filter(LPF)
Passive
Presence peak/
colouration
Q/bandwidth
Red book standard
Slave
SPL
Squawker
Submix
Synchronisation
Sweep
Transducer
Transient
TRS jack
Waveform
Wavelength
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
12
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
APPENDIX (cont)
MIDI Sequencing Mandatory Concepts
MIDI Sequencing
ACCESS 3 (MANDATORY)
GENERAL TERMS
Arrange window
BPM(beats per minute)
Copy/Cut and paste
Count-in
Event
Local control
Metronome/click
MIDI
MIDI files
MIDI In
MIDI Out
Mix/Balance
Pan
Record
Save
Silence
Tempo
Time signature
Track (names)
Transport
bar/controls
Undo
Velocity
Volume
MIDI Sequencing
INTERMEDIATE 1 (MANDATORY)
GENERAL TERMS
Backup copy
Balance
Boot
Chorus (in a song
structure)
Controller keyboard
Dynamics/
Expression
Effects(FX)
General MIDI
Import/Export
Introduction
Key change/
Modulation
Level
Locators
Loop
Markers
MIDI channel
MIDI Thru
Modulation controller
Mute
Octave
Pitch
Programme change
Quantization
Reset controller
Reverb(eration)
Snap
Solo
Sustain
Time signature
Track list
Transpose
Verse
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
EQUIPMENT
Amplifier
Headphones
Interface
Loudspeaker
MIDI interface
Sequencer
Synthesizer
EQUIPMENT
CDR
CDRW
GM mixer
Phono connector
USB
13
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
APPENDIX (cont)
MIDI Sequencing
GENERAL TERMS
Chorus depth
Chorus (effect)
Coda
Digital
Fade in
Fade out
Fader
Introduction
Local
Key command
Master fader
Merge
Middle 8
Mix(down)
Mono(phonic)
Multi-timbral
Note off
Note on
Outro
Overdub
Pitch bend
Punch In/Out
-Drop In/Out
Real time
Remix
Rhythms
Stereo(phonic)
Tremolo
GENERAL TERMS
MIDI Sequencing
HIGHER (MANDATORY)
INTERMEDIATE 2 (MANDATORY)
MIDI Sequencing Mandatory Concepts (cont)
Aftertouch
Analogue
dB
Delay
Distortion
Dry
Expression
Glitch
Hiss
Noise
Nudge
Pitch shifter
Polyphony
Portamento
Sample
Wet
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
EQUIPMENT
Sound card
EQUIPMENT
Mini Disc(MD)
Mixer
MP3
14
Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
APPENDIX (cont)
(Support concepts)
Cycle/loop modes
Input
Note number
Output
Parameter
Continuous controller
Cycle/loops mode
GS(General Standard MIDI)
MIDI implementation chart
Step-time recording
(Support concepts)
ACCESS 3
(Support concepts)
INTERMEDIATE 1
INTERMEDIATE 2
HIGHER
Application
File management
Format
Signal
Toolbox
(Support concepts)
OTHER MIDI SEQUENCING CONCEPTS FOR INFORMATION AND
SUPPORT IN THE UNIT
Automated mixing
Bank
Frequency response
Groove
Latency
Overload
Peak
Playlist
CD
Computer
Jack connector
Joystick port
Keyboard controller
Studio
Patch
Production log
Timbre
Track object
Zoom in/out
Plug-in
Sample editor
Sample frequency
Scrub
Softsynth
Truncate
VST
VST instrument
Unit Specification – Music: Performing with Technology (Higher)
Monitor
Sound module
Sustain pedal
Firewire
15
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