TROY Group MAN-EXT2000 User manual

TROY Group MAN-EXT2000 User manual
TROY XCD External
Print Servers
for Ethernet Networks
Administrator's Guide
Part No. MAN-EXT2000 Revision 99-2
August 21, 1999 Printed in U.S.A.
TROY XCD
A TROY Group, Inc. Company
TROY XCD, Inc.
1692 Browning
Irvine, CA 92606-4809
TEL: (949) 399-0820
FAX: (949) 399-0825
[email protected]
Notice
TROY XCD, INC. SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS OF THIS
PRODUCT FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. TROY XCD shall not be
liable for any errors contained in this manual or for any damages resulting from
loss of use, data profits, or any incidental or consequential damages arising
from the use of TROY XCD products or services.
Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class
A digital device pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against such interference when operating in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate
radio frequency energy, and if not installed and used in accordance with this
guide, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause interference
in which case the user, at his or her own expense, will be required to take
whatever measures will be required to correct the interference.
Trademarks
HP, HP/UX, LaserJet, DesignJet, DeskJet, PaintJet, JetDirect, and JetAdmin
are trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company. DEC, DECserver, VMS, LAT,
and ULTRIX are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation. UNIX is a
trademark of UNIX Systems Laboratories. Ethernet is a trademark of Xerox
Corporation. PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
NetWare is a trademark of Novell, Inc. Apple, Macintosh, LaserWriter, and
AppleTalk are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. IBM, LAN Server, and
AIX are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation. LAN
Manager, Windows, and MS-DOS are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
VINES is a trademark of Banyan Systems Inc. PrintKit is a trademark of
Northlake Software. QADD is a trademark of Network Compatibility Group.
LAN Attached and UNIX Printing for VINES is a trademark of Incognito
Software Inc. XJet, XMark, XConnect, and XAdmin are trademarks of TROY
XCD, Inc.
© Copyright 1992-1999 TROY XCD, Inc. All rights reserved.
Contents
1.
Introduction
Overview .................................................................................. 1-1
2.
Installing the Hardware
Overview .................................................................................. 2-1
Before You Start ....................................................................... 2-1
Unpacking and Handling .......................................................... 2-2
Step 1-a Setting the Switches (XConnect II/II Lite) ............... 2-3
Step 1-b Setting the Switches (XConnect 100 and Pony) ....... 2-5
Step 2 Connecting to the Printer .............................................. 2-6
Step 3 Connecting to the Ethernet ......................................... 2-12
Step 4 Connecting to a LocalTalk Network (XConnect II) ... 2-15
Step 5 Verifying Successful Hardware Installation .............. 2-16
Step 6 Changing the Printer Reset ......................................... 2-20
Changing the Print Server Configuration ............................... 2-22
3.
TROY XCD Print Server Management Methods
Overview .................................................................................. 3-1
TROY XCD XAdmin32 and XAdmin ..................................... 3-1
TROY XCD WebXAdmin ....................................................... 3-4
TROY XCD Print Server Console ........................................... 3-5
HP JetAdmin ............................................................................ 3-7
HP Web JetAdmin .................................................................... 3-8
4.
TCP/IP Network Configuration
Overview .................................................................................. 4-1
TCP/IP Concepts ...................................................................... 4-1
TCP/IP UNIX Host Configuration ........................................... 4-2
IP Security .............................................................................. 4-23
Raw TCP Ports ....................................................................... 4-23
Changing the Configuration (Optional) ................................. 4-26
5.
Novell Network Configuration
Overview .................................................................................. 5-1
NetWare Concepts .................................................................... 5-1
General Information ................................................................. 5-3
Before You Begin ..................................................................... 5-4
Default Print Server Names ...................................................... 5-4
Configuring the Print Server and Adding the Print Queue
in Queue Server Mode .............................................................. 5-6
Configuring the Print Queue and Adding the Print Queue
in Remote Printer Mode ......................................................... 5-18
Configuring the Worksation ................................................... 5-26
Changing the Print Server Configuration ............................... 5-30
6.
AppleTalk Network Configuration
Overview .................................................................................. 6-1
AppleTalk Concepts ................................................................. 6-1
Step 1 Macintosh Configuration ............................................... 6-2
Step 2 Printing .......................................................................... 6-2
Printing Binary Graphics .......................................................... 6-3
Changing the Configuration ..................................................... 6-4
7.
Windows NT Network and LAN Server Configuration
Overview .................................................................................. 7-1
Windows NT IP Configuration ................................................ 7-2
Windows NT 4.xx Configuration ............................................. 7-4
Windows NT 3.5x Configuration ............................................. 7-6
IBM LAN Server Installation ................................................... 7-7
8.
Windows 95/98 Peer-to-Peer Configuration
Overview .................................................................................. 8-1
Configuring the Windows 95/98 PC ........................................ 8-1
9.
Microsoft Network Configuration (NetBEUI/NetBIOS)
Overview .................................................................................. 9-1
Print Server Configuration ....................................................... 9-1
Windows 95/98 and Windows NT Port Monitor Installation .. 9-3
LAN Server/Warp Server Configuration ................................. 9-5
10. DLC/LLC Configuration
Overview ................................................................................ 10-1
Configuring DLC/LLC on Windows NT ............................... 10-1
Configuring DLC/LLC on Other Systems ............................. 10-4
11. LAT Network Configuration
Overview ................................................................................ 11-1
LAT Concepts ........................................................................ 11-1
VMS LAT Host Configuration ............................................... 11-2
Eliminating Blank Pages (Optional) ....................................... 11-5
PATHWORKS for DOS Configuration ................................. 11-6
PATHWORKS for Macintosh Configuration ........................ 11-9
DECprint Supervisor Configuration Notes ............................ 11-9
Installation on Other Host Computers .................................. 11-10
Changing the Configuration (Optional) ............................... 11-11
12. Banyan VINES Configuration (Optional)
Overview ................................................................................ 12-1
File Server User Configuration .............................................. 12-2
File Server Queue Configuration ........................................... 12-3
Print Server Configuration Using XAdmin ............................ 12-6
Print Server Configuration Using the Console ....................... 12-8
Testing the Print Queue ........................................................ 12-10
13. PrintraNet Remote Internet Printing
Overview ................................................................................ 13-1
PrintraNet Concepts ............................................................... 13-1
Installing the Software on a Windows 95/98 PC ................... 13-3
Configuring the Remote TROY XCD Print Server ................ 13-8
Printing to the Remote TROY XCD Print Server ................ 13-12
Troubleshooting .................................................................... 13-13
Print Server Console Command Summary .......................... 13-13
14. Troubleshooting
Overview ................................................................................ 14-1
Installation Problems (Printer Not Ready) ............................. 14-1
Installation Problems (Printer Ready) .................................... 14-2
Intermittent Problems ............................................................. 14-7
TCP/IP Troubleshooting ......................................................... 14-7
AppleTalk and PATHWORKS for Mac Troubleshooting ... 14-13
NetWare Troubleshooting .................................................... 14-13
Windows NT and LAN Server Troubleshooting ................. 14-16
Windows 95/98 Peer-to-Peer Troubleshooting .................... 14-17
LAT Troubleshooting ........................................................... 14-18
Banyan VINES Troubleshooting .......................................... 14-22
15. Warranty and Service Information
Customer Support ................................................................... 15-1
Whom to Call ......................................................................... 15-1
Returning Products ................................................................. 15-2
Advance Replacement and Extended Services ...................... 15-3
Warranty ................................................................................. 15-3
A.
B.
C.
D.
Command Summary ............................................................. A-1
Using Services (lpd-Plus) .......................................................B-1
Reloading the Firmware ........................................................ C-1
Glossary/Index ....................................................................... D-1
1
Introduction
Overview
TROY XCD external print servers allow multiple host computers
to share virtually any type of printer or plotter on high-speed
local area network. The Pony Print Server Plus is an
ultracompact low-cost Ethernet print server for a single printer,
while the Pony 100, XConnect II and XConnect II Lite connect
up to two printers to an Ethernet network. The XConnect 100
handles up to four printers and works on both Ethernet (10baseT)
and Fast Ethernet (100baseT) networks.
Any user can print jobs on a printer or plotter connected to a
TROY XCD external print server as if it were directly attached
to his computer. No special software is required on the host
computers, and application programs run without any
LocalTalk
Printer with aTROY
XCD print server
Apple Macintosh Computers
NetWare
PC
LAN Manager
PC
UNIX Host
Banyan VINES
PC
Apple
Macintosh
DEC Host
Figure 1-1
XCD External Print Server Concept
Introduction 1-1
modification. Because the TROY XCD external print servers
provide multiprotocol capabilities, users on DEC, UNIX, Novell,
AppleTalk, LAN Server, Windows NT, Windows 95, LAN
Manager, and Banyan VINES computers can simultaneously
access the same printer. With the optional XConnect II
LocalTalk feature, non-Ethernet Macintosh computers can also
access the same printer. Figure 1-1 shows how TROY XCD
external print servers are used in a typical network.
Features
TROY XCD external print servers offer the widest range of
features in the industry, including:
•
TCP/IP, NetWare, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC, NetBEUI, LAT,
and VINES IP protocols (protocols supported depend on
model)
•
Network Operating System compatibility:
-
-
-
-
Digital Equipment Corporation networks, including
PATHWORKS and DECprint Supervisor ((not available
on XConnect II Lite)
UNIX systems that support either the Berkeley lpr/lpd
printing protocol, the HP JetDirect card, or printing to a
raw TCP port
Novell NetWare V2.15 or above, V3.xx, or V4.xx,
including support for bindery mode and Novell Directory
Services (NDS)*
AppleTalk Phase 2 (XConnect II and XConnect 100 only)
Windows NT and NTAS V3.5 or above
IBM OS/2, LAN Server, Warp Server
Windows 95 (Peer-to-Peer or client mode; not supported
on XConnect II Lite)
Windows for Workgroups (Peer-to-Peer or client mode;
Peer-to-Peer requires DLC/LLC support on print server)
Introduction 1-2
*The NDS support on the XJet III (all models), XJet IV-2, XJet IV-T,
plus certain models of the XJet IV-Plus is limited to NPrinter mode
only.
•
Very high performance DMA operation (XConnect 100 and
XConnect II only)
•
High-speed Centronics parallel port compatible with IEEE
P1284 Bitronics bidirectional parallel interface standard
•
Serial port for console terminal or second printer
•
Optional LocalTalk support (XConnect II only)
•
Superior network and printer management
-
Compatible with Hewlett-Packard JetAdmin and Web
JetAdmin printer management software
XAdmin Windows-based management utility (NetWare,
TCP/IP, or VINES)
Web XAdmin browser-based management
SNMP MIB I and MIB II over IP or IPX (XConnect II
and XConnect 100 only)
Remote console management via DEC NCP, TELNET,
NetWare, or serial port
•
PrintraNet software for transparently sending documents to
remote locations over the Internet
•
lpd-Plus feature for providing multiple services with custom
setup and reset strings, text-to-PostScript conversion, and
character substitution
•
Flash memory for easy updating of firmware via NetWare,
BOOTP, tftp (master or slave mode), DEC MOP, Banyan
VINES, or serial port
Introduction 1-3
•
AppleTalk spoofing capabilities for support of nonbidirectional parallel printers
•
AppleTalk binary support on printers that support the HP
Tagged Binary Communications Protocol
•
IP address configuration via DHCP, BOOTP, rarp, arp,
serial port, XAdmin, or remote console.
-
IP security to restrict printing based on IP address
•
Optional DEC LN03 emulation (XConnect II and XConnect
100 only)
TROY XCD External Print Server Models
The TROY XCD External Print Server family includes the
following models:
•
Pony Print Server The Pony Print Server is the industry's
smallest full-featured external print server. It plugs directly
into the parallel port of the printer, and supports a 10baseT
Ethernet interface. The Pony Print Server is available in the
following models:
PPS-8S
PPS-8
PPS-8N
IPX/SPX, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC,
NetBEUI, Direct Mode IPX/IP, http
IPX/SPX*, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, Direct
Mode IPX/IP, LAT, http
IPX/SPX, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC,
NetBEUI, Direct Mode IPX/IP, LAT,
VINES IP, http
*PPS-8 NDS support is limited to NPRINTER remote printer mode only
•
XConnect II. The XConnect II is an external print server
that supports the LAT, TCP/IP, NetWare, and AppleTalk
Introduction 1-4
protocols. It features a high-speed parallel port, a serial port,
and both a thin Ethernet and UTP Ethernet connector. The
XConnect II is available in the following models:
XConnect II-8S
XConnect II-8
XConnect II-8N
XConnect II-8-LN03
IPX/SPX, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC,
NetBEUI, Direct Mode IPX/IP, http
IPX/SPX*, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, Direct
Mode IPX/IP, LAT, http
IPX/SPX*, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC,
NetBEUI, Direct Mode IPX/IP, LAT,
VINES IP, http
XConnect II-8 with LN03 emulation option
*XConnect II-8 and XConnect II-8-LN03 NDS support is limited to
NPRINTER remote printer mode only
•
Pony 100 Print Server The Pony 100 Print Server is an
ultracompact print server that features both 100baseTX and
10baseT operation. It includes one parallel port and one
serial port and is available in the following models:
PPS100-8S
PPS100-8N
•
IPX/SPX, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC,
NetBEUI, Direct Mode IPX/IP, http
IPX/SPX, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC,
NetBEUI, Direct Mode IPX/IP, LAT,
VINES IP, http
XConnect 100. The XConnect 100 features 100baseTX
capability for operation on 100 megabit/sec Fast Ethernet
networks. It can also work on 10baseT networks, so it is
ideal for users who plan to upgrade to 100baseTX in the
future. The XConnect 100 supports the same protocols as
the XConnect II, but has two high-speed parallel ports
instead of one. It is available in four models:
XConnect 100-8S
XConnect 100-8
IPX/SPX, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC,
NetBEUI, Direct Mode IPX/IP, http
IPX/SPX*, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, Direct
Mode IPX/IP, LAT, http
Introduction 1-5
XConnect 100-8N
XConnect 100-8-LN03
IPX/SPX, TCP/IP, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC,
NetBEUI, Direct Mode IPX/IP, LAT,
VINES IP, http
XConnect II-8 with LN03 emulation option
*XConnect 100-8 and XConnect 100-8-LN03 NDS support is limited to
NPRINTER remote printer mode only
•
XConnect II Lite The XConnect II Lite is a low-cost single
parallel port print server that offers the same features as the
standard XConnect II, but has a single Ethernet connector
and supports only the TCP/IP and NetWare protocols
(XConnect II Lite Banyan models support VINES and TCP/
IP only). Models include:
XConnect IIL-T
XConnect IIL-2
XConnect IIL-T-B
XConnect IIL-2-B
10baseT; TCP/IP and IPX/SPX*
10base2; TCP/IP and IPX/SPX*
10baseT; TCP/IP and VINES IP
10base2; TCP/IP and VINES IP
*XConnect II Lite NDS support is limited to NPRINTER remote printer mode
only
TROY XCD External Print Server Advantages
Compared to competing products, TROY XCD print servers
offer the advantages:
• Support for the most protocols and network operating systems
in the industry. This allows TROY XCD print servers to be
used on virtually any network.
• Network management. TROY XCD offers more ways to
manage the print server, including proprietary Windows and
DOS-based utilities, Web browser management, HP
JetAdmin compatibility, and a powerful remote console.
• High performance. The TROY XCD print server family has
the highest overall throughput capabilities in the industry.
Introduction 1-6
• More features. Capabilities like multiple services per port,
programmable setup/reset strings, IP security, and character
substitution allow TROY XCD print servers to handle
virtually any network printing situation.
Terminology
The term "TROY XCD external print server" in this manual
covers the Pony Print Server Plus, XConnect II, XConnect 100,
and XConnect II Lite. The term "XConnect II" is used to
represent either the XConnect II, II-LT, or II-LN03; the term
XConnect 100 means either an XConnect 100 or 100-LN03;
while the term "XConnect II Lite" designates either an
XConnect II Lite-T or XConnect II Lite-2 .
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference
that may cause undesired operation.
The following information applies to the Pony Print Server Plus
(PPS-8S, PPS-8, and PPS-8N) only:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance to the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the
Introduction 1-7
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiver.
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Introduction 1-8
2
Installing the Hardware
Overview
This chapter describes:
• How to connect a TROY XCD print server to your printer
• How to connect a TROY XCD print server to the Ethernet
cable
Before You Start
Before attempting to install a TROY XCD print server, first
make sure that you have completed installing your printer or
plotter as described in the appropriate documentation for the
device.
Unpacking and Handling
The TROY XCD print server shipping box contains the
following items:
•
Pony Print Server Plus, XConnect II, Pony 100,
XConnect 100, or XConnect II Lite print server
•
AC Adapter
•
TROY XCD External Print Servers Administrator's Guide
Installation 2-1
Although TROY XCD external print servers are designed to
withstand normal handling procedures, you should exercise
reasonable precautions when installing them, particularly
with regard to static discharge.
• Make sure that you are adequately grounded by touching a
bare metal part of the printer before starting the installation.
• Avoid moving around the work area in order to eliminate
static charge buildup.
• If possible, do not work on a carpeted area.
Step 1-a Setting the Switches
(XConnect II and XConnect II Lite)
Important Note: If you have an XConnect 100, Pony 100,
or Pony Print Server Plus, skip to Step 1-b below).
There are 4 DIP switches on one side of an XConnect II or
XConnect II Lite print server (see figure 2-1) that are used
for power-up options. As shipped, the two outside switches
are in the OFF (up) position and the two middle switches are
in the ON (down) position (OFF=0, ON=1) for operation on
either a 10baseT or 10base2 network with a printer attached
to the parallel port. If you want to configure the print server
in a different manner, use a small screwdriver or pen to
gently flip the switch as described in the following
paragraphs.
Switch 1 (Normal/Factory Default/Test)
Setting this switch ON allows you to restore the print server
parameter settings to their original factory settings. The next
2-2 Installation
OFF
Sw1 Sw2 Sw3 Sw4
ON
XConnect II Rear View
Figure 2-1
XConnect II Switches
time the print server is powered on, the print server
parameters (for example, node name, serial port speed, etc.)
will be returned to the factory defaults. If you use this
switch, don't forget to put it back to the OFF position after
the factory default settings have been restored.
After the print server is powered on and running, this switch
can be used to print out a self-test page. This is done by
moving the switch to the ON position and then quickly
putting it back to the OFF position.
Switches 2 and 3 (10baseT/10base2)
These switches do not need to be changed from the default
ON position with newer versions of the XConnect II or
XConnect II Lite print server firmware. However, if you are
using 10baseT Ethernet, putting the switches in the OFF
Installation 2-3
position will conserve energy by drawing less power from the
printer.
Note: With V3.22 or earlier firmware (included with
XConnect II and XConnect II Lite print servers shipped from
TROY XCD prior to September, 1995), switches 2 and 3
must both be in the OFF position for 10baseT operation or in
the ON position for 10base2 operation.
Switch 4 (Console/Serial Printer)
This switch defines whether the serial port will be used for a
console terminal or a serial printer. Leave switch 4 in the
default OFF position if you want to use the serial port for a
console terminal.
XConnect 100 Front View
Link OK LED
Test LED
100baseTX LED
XConnect 100 Rear View
Test Switch
100baseTX/
10baseT
Connector
Console/
Parallel Port 2
Serial Port 2
Serial Port 1
Parallel Port 1
Power Connector
Serial ports are 9-pin male D-connectors
Figure 2-2
XConnect 100 Switch and LEDs
2-4 Installation
Test LED (Top)
Power connector
Test/Factory
switch
Pony Print Server
Plus
100baseTX/10baseT
connector
Serial port
Power connector
Test/Factory
switch
TEST LED
Link LED
Pony 100
Figure 2-3
Pony Print Server Plus and Pony 100 Switches and LEDs
Step 1-b XConnect 100, Pony 100, and
Pony Print Server Plus Switches
Important Note: Skip this step if you have an XConnect II
or XConnect II lite.
The XConnect 100, Pony 100, and Pony Print Server Plus
have a single pushbutton switch test switch (see figures 2-2
and 2-3). This switch does not need to be used during the
configuration process. It has the following functions:
• To print a self-test page, press the switch in for at least
one-eighth second but less than five seconds.
• To reset the unit back to factory default settings, press the
switch and hold it in for at least 5 seconds
Installation 2-5
Figure 2-4
Connecting the XConnect II or XConnect II Lite to the
parallel port (Pony Print Server Plus and Pony 100
procedure is similar)
Step 2 Connecting to the Printer
TROY XCD print servers can connect to any of the
following types of printers:
• Printers with Centronics-compatible parallel interfaces
(this interface is by far the most popular type of parallel
interface)
• Printers with the new IEEE P1284 bidirectional parallel
interface
• Printers with RS-232 compatible serial interfaces (except
Pony Print Server Plus)
2-6 Installation
Connecting the Print Server to a Centronicscompatible printer
The XConnect II, XConnect II Lite, and Pony Print Server
Plus have a 36-pin male connector that is compatible with the
36-pin female connectors found on most printers. Simply
plug the print server directly into the connector on the printer
as shown in figure 2-4. If necessary, set your printer for
parallel port operation. No cable is generally required, but
the optional CABLE-CEN2 Centronics male-to-female cable
is available as an option in the event you cannot connect the
print server directly to the printer's Centronics connector.
The XConnect 100 has two 25-pin female connectors that are
compatible with the IBM PC standard 25-to-36 pin
Centronics cable. This cable is available at any computer
store and most office supply stores, or it can be ordered from
TROY XCD (part number CABLE-CEN).
IMPORTANT NOTE: The XConnect II, XConnect II Lite,
and XConnect 100 support a maximum parallel cable length
of 1.75 meters (six feet). Exceeding this maximum may result
in printing problems.
NOTE: Some new printers, such as the HP LaserJet 8000,
have the IEEE 1284C miniature Centronics connector instead
of the normal 36-pin Centronics connector. TROY XCD
offers the CABLE-C/B adapter cable for the XConnect II,
XConnect II Lite, and Pony Print Server Plus, and the
CABLE-C/A for the XConnect 100 to accommodate such
printers.
Maximizing Performance (Recommended)
Some printers, such as most HP LaserJets, support a highspeed handshake mode on the parallel port. TROY XCD
Installation 2-7
print servers support this mode, which can result in up to 50
per cent higher performance. To enable this mode using
WebXAdmin, select Configure Port from the main menu,
select port P1 (or P2 for the second parallel port on the
XConnect 100), choose High Speed as the Output Method,
and click Submit. If you are using the print server console,
enter the command SET PORT P1 FSTB ENABLED .
WebXAdmin and the print server console are discussed in
Chapter 3 and Appendix B of this manual.
Connecting a TROY XCD Print Server to a
Serial Printer
The Pony 100, XConnect II and XConnect II Lite have an
RJ45 connector for connecting RS-232-compatible serial
printers, while the XConnect 100 has two standard PCcompatible 9-pin D-connectors (there is no serial port on the
Pony Print Server Plus). The XConnect II and XConnect II
Lite RJ45 connector is marked "Serial"; do not confuse it
with the 10baseT unshielded twisted pair connector, which
is also an RJ45.
Most printers use a DB25 connector for the serial
connection. Unfortunately, there are a number of variations
as to how this connector is implemented on different
printers. For example, some printers have male connectors
configured as a DTE (Receive Data on pin 3), while others
have DCE female connectors (Receive Data on pin 2).
Hewlett-Packard, Lexmark, and Apple printers generally
have female DTE connectors. You must consult the manual
for your printer in order to determine what type of adapter
cable you need. TROY XCD sells a variety of adapters for
connecting serial devices to the RJ45 connector. In the case
of the XConnect 100 9-pin connector, a null modem( a
2-8 Installation
device or cable that connects the input signals on one device
to the output signals on another device) is often required since
both the printer and the print server are usually DTE devices.
The pinouts for the Pony 100, XConnect, and XConnect II
Lite RJ45 connector are shown below:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Print Server (RJ45)
RJ45
pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Signal
RTS out*
DTR out*
Transmit Data
Transmit return
Receive Return
Receive Data
DSR in*
CTS in*
Printer (DB25)
Signal
CTS in
DSR in
Receive Data
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Transmit Data
DTR out
RTS out
DTE
pin
5
6
3
7
7
2
20
4
DCE
pin
4
20
2
7
7
3
6
5
*XConnect II models with serial numbers less than 40500 have RTS on pin
8, DTR on pin 7, DSR on pin 2, and CTS on pin 1.
The XConnect 100 serial ports use PC-compatible 9-pin male
D-connectors. Note that the standard off-the-shelf 9-pin
female to 25-pin male PC cables will require a null modem in
order to connect to most printers or terminals. The pinouts
are as follows:
Installation 2-9
6 7 8 9
DE9 Male
(female pinouts are in
reverse order)
XConnect 100 (DE9)
DE9
pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Signal
Not used
Receive Data
Transmit Data
DTR out
Signal Ground
DSR in
RTS out
CTS in
Not used
Printer (DB25)
Signal
Not used
Transmit Data
Receive Data
DSR in
Signal Ground
DTR out
CTS in
RTS out
Not used
DTE
pin
2
3
6
7
20
5
4
-
DCE
pin
3
2
20
7
6
4
5
-
Basically, the cable must connect input signals (e.g., Receive
Data) on the TROY XCD print server to the equivalent
output signals (e.g., Transmit Data) on the device and viceversa.
If you are connecting a printer to the second serial port (S2)
on the XConnect 100, you must first disable console mode on
that port. This is done by using the console command SET
PORT S2 CONSOLE DISABLED and then typing the command
EXIT to exit the console (refer to Chapter 3 and Appendix A
for information on using the console). To re-enable the
console function, you must either enter the command SET
PORT S2 CONSOLE ENABLED using TELNET, DEC MOP or
the TROY XCD XCONFIG NetWare utility, or reset the unit
back to factory defaults.
2-10 Installation
The serial ports are factory set at 9600bps, 8-bit data, XON/
XOFF flow control, and no parity. If your printer requires
different settings, you must use WebXAdmin or the console
terminal (refer to Chapter 2 and Appendix A for information
on how to use these utilities) to change the settings. With
WebXAdmin, select Configure Port from the main menu,
click on the serial port (S1 for first serial port or S2 for the
XConnect 100 second serial port), choose the desired
settings, and click Submit. With the console terminal, use
one or more of the following commands (use S2 instead of S1
if you are using the second serial port on the XConnect 100):
SET
SET
SET
SET
PORT
PORT
PORT
PORT
S1
S1
S1
S1
SPEED baudrate
PARITY parity_type
FLOW flowctrl
CHARACTER charsize
Note that the serial port always operates at 9600bps when in
console mode. Also, if you are using 115200bps on one port
of the XConnect 100, you cannot set the other port to 230400
bps (57600bps and 7200bps are not supported on either port).
Important: The serial ports do not support Direct Memory
Access (DMA). Therefore, sustained transfers at high baud
rates (115200 or greater) can lock out activity on other
ports.
Don't forget to set your serial port settings on your printer to
match the settings of the print server. Also, make sure that
the XConnect II or XConnect II Lite switch 4 (console/serial
printer) is in the proper position (OFF if you are using the
serial port for a console terminal or ON if you are using it to
connect a printer.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Early versions of the XConnect 100 do
not support the second serial port (the one marked "Console/
Installation 2-11
To hub
unshielded
twisted pair cable
Figure 2-4
Connecting the Print Server to a 10baseT UTP network
Serial 2) for use with serial printers. This limitation can be
fixed by upgrading to a newer version of the firmware.
Step 3 Ethernet Installation
The XConnect II can connect directly to either a 10baseT
unshielded twisted pair Ethernet or a 10base2 thin Ethernet.
The XConnect II Lite-2 can connect to a 10base2 thin
Ethernet, while the XConnect II Lite-T and the Pony Print
Server Plus can connect to a 10baseT Ethernet.
The Pony 100 and XConnect 100 connect to either a
100baseTX Fast Ethernet network or a 10baseT Ethernet
network. It automatically senses the type of network, so no
configuration is required.
2-12 Installation
Connecting the XConnect II, XConnect 100,
XConnect II Lite-T, Pony 100, or Pony Print
Server Plus to an Unshielded Twisted Pair
Network
To connect an XConnect II, Pony 100, XConnect 100, or
XConnect II Lite-T to a 10baseT unshielded twisted pair
(UTP) Ethernet network, you will need an unshielded twisted
pair Ethernet hub with at least one unused port installed on
your network, plus an appropriate length of RJ45 modular
cable.
To connect a Pony 100 or XConnect 100 to a 100baseTX
Fast Ethernet network, you will need a 100baseTX Fast
Ethernet hub with at least one unused port, plus an
appropriate length of Category 5 RJ45 modular jack cable.
1. Connect one end of the RJ45 cable to the print server
connector labelled "10baseT" on the XConnect II or
XConnect II Lite (not the one labelled "Serial"), or
"100baseTX/10baseT" on the XConnect 100 or Pony 100
and the other end to a port on the twisted pair Ethernet
hub as shown in figure 2-4. Note that the XConnect 100
automatically determines whether it is connected to a
10baseT or 100baseTX network.
Note: If you have an older XConnect II or XConnect II
Lite with V3.22 or earlier firmware, make sure that
switches 2 and 3 are in the OFF position (not required
for newer print servers).
You have now completed the unshielded twisted pair
Ethernet installation. Proceed to the Verifying Successful
Hardware Installation section below to confirm that you
have properly installed the print server.
Installation 2-13
Thin
Ethernet
Cable
A
"T"
Thin
Ethernet
Cable
50 ohm
Terminator
B
"T"
Thin
Ethernet
00Cable
01H
Figure 2-5
Connecting the Print Server to a 10base2 thin Ethernet network
Connecting the XConnect II or XConnect II Lite-2
to a Thin Ethernet Network
To connect an XConnect II or XConnect II Lite-2 to a thin
Ethernet network, first check to see that switches 2 and 3
(10baseT/10base2) are in the ON position.
If you are installing the print server onto an existing network,
the "T" connector may already be installed on the cable. If
this is the case, simply connect the "T" connector to the BNC
connector on the print server's BNC connector as shown in
figure 2-5A (if the connection is in the middle of the thin
Ethernet segment) or 2-5B (if the connection is at the end of
the thin Ethernet segment). This operation can be performed
without impacting the operation of the network.
If the "T" connector is not already installed, proceed as
follows (caution: if you are connecting to a live network,
2-14 Installation
perform the following steps as quickly as possible to
minimize disruption of the network):
1. Connect one section of the thin Ethernet cable to one end
of the "T" connector as shown in figure 2-5.
2. If you are connecting the print server in the middle of a
thin Ethernet segment, attach the second section of thin
Ethernet cable to the other end of the "T" connector as
shown in figure 2-5A. If you are connecting the print
server at the end of a thin Ethernet segment, attach a 50
ohm terminator to the other end of the "T" connector as
shown in 2-5B.
3. Connect the "T" connector to the BNC connector on the
transceiver.
You have now completed the thin Ethernet installation. Skip to
the Verifying Successful Hardware Installation section below to
confirm that you have correctly installed the print server.
Step 4 Connecting to the Optional
LocalTalk Port (XConnect II only)
If you have the LocalTalk option, you can connect the
XConnect II to an Apple LocalTalk network to allow
Macintosh computers on the LocalTalk network to print jobs
on a printer attached to the XConnect II. Both the LocalTalk
and Ethernet ports can be used simultaneously. To use the
LocalTalk feature, plug a LocalTalk-compatible connector
(such as the Apple LocalTalk connector or the Farallon
PhoneNet connector) into the XConnect II LocalTalk port as
shown in figure 2-6. Note this port can only be used for
Installation 2-15
Ethernet
LocalTalk
Connector
(must be
terminated
if end node)
XConnect II
LocalTalk
Connector
LocalTalk
Connector
LocalTalk
Connector
Figure 2-6
Connecting the XConnect II to a LocalTalk network
printing from computers on the LocalTalk to printers
attached to the parallel or serial port of the XConnect II; it
cannot be used to allow computers on the Ethernet to print to
printers connected to the LocalTalk network.
The LocalTalk port is enabled by default. If you are not
using this port, you should enter the command SET
LOCALTALK DISABLED for maximum performance.
Step 5 Verifying Successful Installation
You are now ready to apply power to the TROY XCD print
server. Plug the AC power adapter into a wall outlet and
insert the adapter cable into the print server connector
labelled "Power". If possible, connect a terminal to the serial
port (make sure that Switch 4 is OFF when using the console
terminal with the XConnect II or XConnect II Lite).
2-16 Installation
The TROY XCD print server will go through the following
startup sequence:
1. It will run through a set of power-up diagnostics for a
few seconds. If the print server is operating properly, the
TEST LED will blink momentarily and then go out. If
the TEST LED blinks continuously in a regular pattern,
there is a problem. If this is the case, first verify that you
have a good Ethernet connection and then try powering the
unit off and then on again. If the problem persists, refer to
the Troubleshooting chapter in this manual.
2. When the test LED goes out, the other LEDs on the print
server will come on as follows:
•
•
•
•
On the XConnect II and XConnect II Lite, the LINK
LED will blink to show activity on the network. The
XMIT and RCV LEDs will come on solid if there is a
valid 10baseT connection (they are not used with
10base2).
On the XConnect 100, the Link OK LED will blink if
the print server detects activity on the network. The
100baseTX LED will come on if a valid 100baseTX
connection is detected (this LED will not come on if
10baseT is used).
On the Pony 100, the Link LED will come on solid if
there is a valid 10baseT or 100baseTX connection.
On the Pony Print Server Plus, the LED will blink
randomly.
If the LEDs do not come on as described, there may be a
cabling problem or a bad hub port; if this is the case, try a
different cable and/or hub port.
Installation 2-17
Verifying the Connection to the Printer
Before attempting to print, it is very important to verify the
connection between the print server and the printer. If this
connection is not good you will not be able to print!
To verify this connection, make sure that both the print
server and the printer are powered on and ready.
•
If you have an XConnect II or XConnect II Lite, push
switch 1 (Normal/Factory/Test) on the print server to the
ON position and then back to the OFF position.
•
If you have an XConnect 100, Pony 100, or Pony Print
Server Plus, push the Test button in briefly (more than
on-eighth second but less than five seconds).
If the connection is good, a test page will be printed on the
printer. If nothing prints out, make sure that the cable is
good and that it is securely fastened. If possible, try a
different cable. If you have an XConnect II, XConnect II
Lite, or XConnect 100, make sure that you are not exceeding
the 1.75 meter (6 foot) cable length restriction. If the cable
is OK but you still can't print the self-test page, you may
need to adjust the parallel port settings as described in the
next section.
Important Note: The test page only works with printers
that can directly print PCL, PostScript, or text. It will not
work with some low-end "Windows" printers like the HP
DeskJet 820 (which does the image rasterization in the PC),
nor will it work with HP-GL/2 or RTL plotters (unless the
PostScript option is installed). For such devices, you must
print a job from an appropriate application program in order
to test the print server-to-printer connection.
2-18 Installation
If you are using the serial port and the test page does not
print, verify that the baud rate, parity, and character size
match on the print server and the printer. If you have an
XConnect II, make sure that switch 4 is in the ON position.
If you have an XConnect 100 and you are using the second
serial port, make sure that you have disabled console
operation via the SET PORT S2 CONSOLE DISABLED
command.
If none of the above suggestions work, contact TROY XCD
Technical Support (949-399-0820; http://www.troyxcd.com; email: [email protected]) for additional assistance.
Adjusting the Parallel Port Settings for Specific
Printers (Recommended)
The parallel port on all new TROY XCD print server models
is set by default to automatically configure itself to work
with the printer's parallel port However, it may sometimes
be necessary to adjust the print server's port settings to work
with specific printers by using the print server console or
WebXAdmin. This is particularly true with older printers.
The particular settings include:
1.
pACK handshake. Older non-1284 printers require this
hardware handshake and may not operate with the newer
1284 handshake. Use the console command SET PORT
P1 ACKH ENABLED to enable the pACK handshake.
2.
DMA (Direct Memory Access). The XConnect II and
XConnect 100 use DMA for maximum performance.
However, some printers cannot handle the high data
rates. For such printers, use the console command SET
PORT P1 DMA DISABLED. Alternatively, you may
disable DMA using the Configure Port option in the
WebXAdmin menu,
Installation 2-19
3.
Bidirectional. Some printers will not operate properly if
bidirectional communications is enabled on the print
server. To disable bidirectional, use the console
command SET PORT P1 BID DISABLED , or disable it
from the WebXAdmin
4.
Some printers, like most Okidata laser printers, cannot
operate fast enough even in 1284 mode to keep up with a
TROY XCD print server. On the Pony Print Server Plus
you can enable a software handshake to handle such
printers via the SET PORT P1 SWIO ENABLE console
command.
The print server console and WebXAdmin are discussed in
Chapter 3, with additional information on console commands
in Appendix B. If you are using WebXAdmin, click on
Configure Port in the main menu, select the desired port, and
then select the desired function. After you have made your
selections, click on Submit to enable them in the print server.
Step 6 Changing the Print Server Reset
(Recommended)
The printer reset is a sequence of characters that is sent to the
printer after the job is completed. It ensures that the last
page of the job is ejected from the printer and that the printer
is reset to its default state so that the next job will properly
print.
The default printer reset for TROY XCD external print
servers is a null, except on the TCP/IP text service, which
has <Formfeed> as the default (see chapter 4 and Appendix
B for information on the TCP/IP text service). A null reset
means that some print jobs may not be ejected upon
2-20 Installation
completion. Some operating systems, such as NetWare,
provide the ability to insert a reset sequence at the end of
each job, in which case the TROY XCD print server null
reset is adequate. Also, Microsoft Windows printer drivers
typically provide a printer reset at the end of each job. But
for those operating systems that do not provide this reset
capability, TROY XCD print servers provide the ability to
customize the printer reset to meet the requirements of
virtually any type of printer.
The following predefined reset strings are available.
No.
1
2
3
4
Definition
Null
<ESC>E
CTRL-D
<ESC>%-12345X
11
<Formfeed>
Printer
(use if no reset is desired)
PCL printer
PostScript printer
PJL (use with newer HP and
Lexmark/IBM printers)
General
Refer to your printer documentation if you do not know the
proper reset string. Use the null string if you are planning to
reset the printer from the host software (for example, from a
Windows driver). If you want to define a new reset string,
refer to Appendix B, Using Services.
Note that you can put a printer reset either before or after
each job, although generally the reset goes at the end the job.
TROY XCD print servers allow you to define multiple
services for a given port. This is useful, for example, if you
want to use different reset strings with the same printer. For
example, you might want to define a service for UNIX jobs
that contains a <ESC-E> reset, and a different service for
NetWare that has no reset.
Print jobs are normally sent to service 1 (XCD_xxxxxx_P1,
where "xxxxxx" is the last six digits of Ethernet address, for
Installation 2-21
all protocols except LAT, TCP/IP, and AppleTalk) or service
2 (BINARY_P1, for LAT and TCP/IP). Refer to Appendix B
and the individual protocol chapters for additional
information on services.
To change the printer reset on a TROY XCD print server
with XAdmin, double click on the print server name, click on
the Services tab, double click on the desired service, and
then select the appropriate Printer Control String. With
WebXAdmin, click on Configure Service, and select the
desired service, choose the appropriate reset string, and then
click Submit.
Alternatively, you may use the print server console by typing
in the following command:
SET SERVICE servicename EOT stringno
where "servicename" is the name of the service (do a
SHOW SERVICE command for a list of services) and
stringno is the number of the string. For example to use
string 3 (the PostScript CTRL-D reset) on the default
parallel port service, you would enter:
SET SERVICE BINARY_P1 EOT 3
Changing the Print Server Configuration
(Optional)
In addition to changing the printer reset string, you can
modify the TROY XCD print server configuration in a
number of other ways. The procedure and commands for
changing the configuration are described in Appendix A.
2-22 Installation
3
TROY XCD Print Server Management Methods
Overview
TROY XCD offers a wide variety of ways to configure and
monitor the print server. These methods include:
•
•
•
•
•
TROY XCD XAdmin Windows-based utility
TROY XCD WebXAdmin Web-browser utility
TROY XCD print server console
HP JetAdmin Windows-based utility
HP Web JetAdmin Web-browser utility
This chapter discusses the installation and the basic usage of
these utilities. Refer to the various chapters of this manual
for specific details on configuring the print server.
TROY XCD XAdmin
TROY XCD offers two graphical utilities for configuration
and management of TROY XCD print servers:
• XAdmin32. This 32-bit version works on either Windows
NT 4.xx or Windows 95/98 using the TCP/IP or IPX/SPX
protocols. To take full advantage of the capabilities of
XAdmin32, you should use the Novell 32-bit client
software on the PC workstation that is used for
configuring the print queues.
• XAdmin. This 16-bit version works on Windows 3.1 and
Windows 95 for NetWare and Banyan VINES.
Management Methods 3-1
To install XAdmin32 or XAdmin, insert the appropriate
diskette or CD-ROM in the computer, select Run from the
Windows menu, select Browse, choose the appropriate drive
(these programs are in the Utilities folder if you are using a
CD-ROM), and double click on Setup.exe and then click
OK.
Note: XAdmin32 and other TROY XCD utilities are
available on the TROY XCD web site (http://
www.troyxcd.com ) if you did not receive them on disk.
1.
Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the
installation.
2.
Double click on the XAdmin icon or use the Windows
95/NT 4.x Start button to select XAdmin in the XCD
folder in the list of Programs.
3.
A list of configured print servers will appear. If you
are running XAdmin or if you are running NetWare
with XAdmin32, skip to step 4. If you are running
TCP/IP, then you must enter an IP address into the print
server as follows (refer to Chapters 4 or 7 for alternate
methods for configuring the IP address):
-
Make sure that your computer is configured for
TCP/IP with a valid IP address configured for LAN
operation (not PPP dial-up; refer to your system
documentation for additional information).
Important Note: Consult your system manager
before assigning IP addresses to your computer or to
the print server in order to avoid duplications. If
your network does not have an officially assigned
3-2 Management Methods
block of IP addresses, you may use any unique
address between 192.168.254.1 and
192.168.254.254 (this is a reserved range of Class C
addresses for private networks that are not
connected to the Internet per RFC 1918; note that
you must also assign the print server an IP address
in this range). You may also use a subnet mask of
255.255.255.0 with no gateway address. If you
have more than one LAN adapter card, select the
one you want to use for TCP/IP.
-
Click on the TCP/IP folder icon under "Filter" on
the left side of the XAdmin screen.
-
Click on the Search button (the leftmost button) or
select Devices and then Search Active Devices
from the menu bar.
-
If you have a DHCP, BOOTP, or rarp server (or if
the print server already has an IP address from some
other source), the print server should appear in the
list of configured print servers. If this is the case,
skip to step 4.
-
If the print server does not have an IP address, then
click on the Setup Unconfigured Devices button
(the third from the left) or select Devices and then
Setup Unconfigured Devices from the menu bar.
This will display the unconfigured print servers
listed by their Ethernet address (MAC Address).
Double click on the desired print server to configure
it.
-
Enter the IP address, subnet mask, and gateway and
click OK.
Management Methods 3-3
4.
-
The list of unconfigured print servers will again be
displayed. Click on Close to return to the main
screen.
-
The print server should show up on the main
XAdmin32 screen (the default name will be
XCD_xxxxxx, where "xxxxxx" is the last six digits of
the Ethernet address). If the print server does not
appear on the main screen, click on the Search
button to find new print servers.
To configure a print server, double click on its name
and enter the password (ACCESS is the default
password). A series of "index cards" will be
displayed. Each of these "cards" represents a protocol
or other configurable item. Click on the appropriate
tab to configure the item.
TROY XCD WebXAdmin
WebXAdmin allows the user to configure the print server
with a standard web browser like Netscape Navigator or
Microsoft Internet Explorer. It can therefore be used on any
operating system that supports web browser capabilities. To
use WebXAdmin, you must first make sure that you have a
web browser installed on your computer and that you have
configured an IP address in both the computer and the print
server (refer to the previous XAdmin section if you do not
know how to put an IP address in the print server). Also
make sure that you have configured your TCP/IP stack to
communicate over the local area network (rather than via a
PPP dial-up connection).
To use WebXAdmin, start your web browser and enter the IP
address of the print server as the destination web site. Once
3-4 Management Methods
you are connected, enter the password (ACCESS is the
default password) and select the protocol or other item that
you wish to configure. You will then be connected to the
appropriate web page for configuration of that item. You
may use the normal browser buttons to move forward and
back through the web pages.
TROY XCD Print Server Console
All TROY XCD print servers support a sophisticated
command-line oriented console for configuration and
management. This console contains features that are not
available through XAdmin or WebXAdmin, including
sophisticated diagnostic capabilities. The TROY XCD print
server console can be accessed via TELNET, DEC NCP/
NCL/ccr, the print server serial port (if present), and the
TROY XCD XCONFIG NetWare utility. It also available
through one of the web pages using the WebXAdmin facility.
The general configuration procedure is the same regardless
of which method is used.
DEC NCP, NCL, ccr. To connect to the print server
console with the VMS NCP utility, use the following
commands:
MCR NCP
CONNECT VIA circuit PHY ADD ethernetaddress
where circuit is the circuit-ID of the VAX or Alpha (for
example, SVA-0 for most DEC workstations, MNA-0 for
XMI systems, BNA-0 for BI systems, and QNA-0 for Q-BUS
systems) and ethernetaddress is the hardware address of the
print server (for example, 00-40-17-00-61-35).
Management Methods 3-5
Newer OpenVMS systems use NCL instead of NCP. The
NCL command to connect to the print server console is:
SET HOST/MOP/CIRCUIT= circuit /ADD= ethernetaddress
ULTRIX systems use the addnode and ccr commands as
follows:
addnode xciiname -c circuit -h ethernetaddress
ccr xcdname
where xcdname is an arbitrary name for the print server
(each print server on the network needs a unique name).
In all cases, you will get a message like Console Connected
or Remote Console Reserved when you are connected.
When you are connected, push RETURN or ENTER to get
the "# " prompt, enter the password ACCESS (it will not print),
and type anything in response to the Enter Username>
prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, you are ready to
enter commands.
Note: The commands available are generally a subset of the
ones used on the DECserver terminal server. Note that
unlike the DECserver, there is no distinction between the SET
and DEFINE commands or between the CLEAR and PURGE
commands. Instead, when you type CTRL-D to exit the
remote console, any of these commands take effect
immediately and the results are stored permanently (for
example, it is not necessary to enter both a SET and a
DEFINE to execute a command and save the results).
TELNET. To connect to the print server using TELNET on
UNIX, Windows NT, or most other TCP/IP systems, type:
TELNET ipaddress
3-6 Management Methods
at the UNIX system prompt, where ipaddress is the IP
address of the print server. When you are connected, push
RETURN or ENTER to get the "# " prompt, enter the
password ACCESS (it will not print), and type anything in
response to the Enter Username> prompt. When you get
the Local> prompt, you are ready to enter commands.
XCONFIG. To connect to the print server using the TROY
XCD XCONFIG NetWare utility, insert the TROY XCD
Print Server Software diskette in Drive A and type:
A:XCONFIG
at the DOS system prompt (or choose the appropriate path if
you are running XCONFIG from your CD-ROM or hard
drive). If you have only one print server, you will be
immediately connected. If you have more than one print
server, you will be given a list of available print servers.
Type the number of the print server to which you want to
connect. When you are connected, enter the password
ACCESS (it will not print) at the " # " prompt, and type
anything in response to the Enter Username> prompt.
When you get the Local> prompt, you are ready to enter
commands.
Serial Port. To connect to the print server using the serial
port, refer to Chapter 2 for details on how to use this port.
Once you have established a connection, press RETURN or
ENTER to get the Local> prompt (no password is required).
You are now ready to enter commands.
HP JetAdmin
TROY XCD print servers work transparently with the HP
JetAdmin utility. You can download JetAdmin from the HP
web site (http://www.hp.com). Use the Windows Run
Management Methods 3-7
command to expand the downloaded file. Then use the Run
command again to execute the SETUP.EXE file in the
destination directory that you selected (this file is generally
in the DISK1 subdirectory) and begin the installation.
Follow the instructions on the screen to complete the
installation.
Important: Windows 98 requires either JetAdmin V2.54
(this version can be installed from the Microsoft Windows
98 CD by running the SETUP.EXE file in the
DRIVERS/PRINTERS/JETADMIN/DISK1/ directory)
or V3.30 or later (available on the HP web site).
The TROY XCD print server will appear in the list of
configured print servers unless IPX is not running on the
computer and the print server is not configured with a valid
IP address. If this is the case, then select Device from the
menu bar and click on New. Select the desired print server
from the list of unconfigured devices and then press
Configure. Enter the requested information, including the IP
address, subnet mask, and gateway. Then click Close to
return to the list of configured print servers.
You may now select the print server from the list and click
on the Modify button (or select Device and then Modify
from the menu bar) to change the print server configuration.
HP Web JetAdmin
TROY XCD print servers work transparently with the HP
Web JetAdmin utility for Windows NT Advanced Server.
You can download this program at no charge from the HP
web site (http://www.hp.com). Use the Windows NT
Run command to expand the downloaded file. The files will
3-8 Management Methods
be expanded and the installation program will be
automatically run. Follow the instructions on the screen to
complete the installation.
After you have completed the installation, you may use a
web browser on any computer that has access to the
Windows NT server to access the TROY XCD print server.
Start the browser and connect to the file server. Once you
are connected and are at Web JetAdmin home page, click on
the Find Device tab. Then click on Find All Devices to get
a list of all Web JetAdmin-compatible print servers (or you
may limit your search by using the Advanced Search
method). Click on the desired TROY XCD print server
name, and the Properties page will be displayed for that
print server. Then click on the Config tab to configure the
print server.
Management Methods 3-9
3-10 Management Methods
4
TCP/IP Network Configuration
Overview
TROY XCD print servers include the Transmission Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) protocol suite. Since
virtually all UNIX host computers support TCP/IP, this
capability allows a printer to be shared on a UNIX Ethernet
network. TCP/IP communications can proceed concurrently
with other protocols, which means that UNIX, DEC, NetWare,
Apple, and other computers can share the same printer over an
Ethernet network using the TROY XCD print server.
TROY XCD TCP/IP Concepts
A TROY XCD print server with TCP/IP appears to the
network as a UNIX host computer with a unique IP address
running the lpd line printer daemon protocol. As a result,
any host computer that supports the Berkeley remote-LPR
command can spool jobs to the TROY XCD print server
without the need for any special software on the host
computer. Application programs run transparently and users
do not need to learn new procedures in order to use the
printer. TROY XCD print servers also support gateways for
communications with hosts on remote networks. In addition,
raw TCP ports are available for special applications and
compatibility with the HP JetDirect print server.
TROY XCD print servers come preconfigured to run on a
TCP/IP network with a minimum of setup. The only
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-1
mandatory configuration in the print server is the entering of
an IP address (TROY XCD print servers come with a default
IP address of 192.0.0.192 (192.189.207.254 on some models)
but this should be changed to meet the addressing
requirements of your network).
TCP/IP UNIX Host Configuration
The configuration process for most UNIX systems is
described in the following steps. Unfortunately, this process
is not very standardized, so refer to your system documentation (or man pages) for additional information.
1. Configure the /etc/hosts file (or equivalent local
host table) on each UNIX host that needs to communicate
with the TROY XCD print server, or provide similar
information to a name server on the network. Use your
favorite editor to add an entry to the /etc/hosts
file containing the IP address and node name of the
TROY XCD print server. For example:
192.189.207.3
XCD_00C351
The actual format of the entry may vary depending on
your system, so check your system documentation and
also note the format of other entries in the etc/hosts
file.
Note: The node name in this file does not necessarily
need to be the same as the one that is actually
configured into the TROY XCD print server (the name
that appears on the printer self-test), but it is good
practice to make the names the same (however, some
operating systems, such as HP/UX, do not accept the
"_" character in the default name, so for these systems
4-2 TCP/IP Network Configuration
you must use a different name). In any case, the
node name in the /etc/hosts file must match the
node name in the /etc/printcap file.
Note: Some systems, such as HP/UX and AIX allow
you to enter the IP address as the host name when
setting up the print queue. If this is the case, you do
not need to configure the hosts file.
2. Choose which TROY XCD print server service you
want to use. There are two types of services available
on the TROY XCD print server. Binary services pass
data through unmodified and are therefore required for
PCL or PostScript rasterized graphics printouts. Text
services add a carriage return at the end of each line for
proper formatting of UNIX text files (which end in
linefeed and do not have carriage returns). The text
service can also be used for non-rasterized graphics,
such as ASCII PostScript graphics or many types of
PCL graphics.
If you are using the first parallel port on the print
server, choose one of the available services (this
service name will be used in step 3):
BINARY_P1
TEXT_P1
Binary (parallel port)
Text (parallel port)
The XConnect II and Pony 100 also support the
following services:
BINARY_S1
TEXT_S1
Binary (serial port)
Text (serial port)
The XConnect 100 supports the following additional
services:
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-3
BINARY_S1
TEXT_S1
BINARY_P2
TEXT_P2
BINARY_S2
TEXT_S2
Binary (serial port)
Text (serial port)
Binary (second parallel port)
Text (second parallel port)
Binary (second serial port)
Text (second serial port)
You may set up multiple print queues on your UNIX host
computer for the same TROY XCD print server, each
with a different service name (for example, one queue for
binary graphics jobs and one for text jobs). Refer to
Appendix B for additional information on using services.
3. Note: This step applies to the majority of UNIX
systems, including Sun OS (but not Solaris 2.xx),
Silicon Graphics (lpr/lpd option required), DEC
ULTRIX, DEC OSF/1, and Digital UNIX. SCO UNIX
users should follow these steps, but should also refer to
the SCO UNIX Configuration section in section 3-A.
Users of RS/6000 AIX, HP/UX, Sun Solaris 2.xx, and
other systems that do not use the printcap file should
skip to section 3-A.
Configure the /etc/printcap file on each host
computer to specify the local print queue, the TROY
XCD print server name (also called remote machine or
rm), and the TROY XCD print server service name
(also called remote printer, remote queue, or rp), and
the spool directory.
An example of a typical printcap file is as follows:
laser1|Printer on Floor 1:\
:lp=:\
:rm=XCD_003C51:\
:rp=TEXT_P1:\
:sd=/usr/spool/lpd/laser1:
4-4 TCP/IP Network Configuration
This will create a queue named laser1 on the host
computer that communicates to a TROY XCD print
server with a node name (rm) of XCD_003C51 and a
service name (rp) of TEXT_P1 for printing text files to
the printer through the spool directory /usr/spool/
lpd/laser1. If you are printing binary graphics files,
you would use the service BINARY_P1 instead of
TEXT_P1.
Note: The rm and rp options are not available on all
UNIX systems, so if necessary check your
documentation (or man pages) to determine the
equivalent options.
Users of Berkeley-compatible UNIX systems can use
the lpc command to obtain the printer status:
%lpc status
laser1:
queuing is enabled
printing is enabled
no entries
no daemon present
Users of AT&T-compatible UNIX systems can
generally use the lpstat or rlpstat commands to
obtain similar status information. Because this
procedure varies from system to system, refer to your
system documentation for the exact usage.
3-a Note: Skip this section if you have completed Step 3,
unless you have an SCO UNIX system.
If you have an HP/UX system, IBM RS/6000 AIX
computer, or Sun Solaris 2.xx, there is no printcap file.
This is also true for some other AT&T-based UNIX
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-5
systems, as well as many VMS-based TCP/IP software
packages (for example, UCX, TGV Multinet, etc.).
Such systems generally use a printer setup program to
define the service name (remote printer), the TROY
XCD print server name (remote machine) or IP address,
and the local queue name (spool directory).
HP/UX Configuration
In the case of HP/UX 10.xx, the sam program is used to
set up the remote printer. The steps are as follows:
- Execute the sam program. When you get a list of
options, select Printers and Plotters.
- Select LP Spooler.
- Select Printers and Plotters.
- Select Actions and then Add Remote Printer/Plotter.
- Enter any name as the Printer Name (this will
be the name of the print queue)
- Enter the IP address of the print server as the
Remote System Name
- Enter the desired print server service name as the
Remote Printer Name.
- Check the box next to Remote Printer is on
BSD System.
- You may accept the default values for the
remaining items.
- Click OK to configure the printer.
- You should now be able to print using the lp -d
command with the printer name.
If you are using the HP Distributed Print Service, the
configuration procedure is slightly different because
you are sending the print jobs to a file server, which in
turn spools the jobs to the print server. You must
4-6 TCP/IP Network Configuration
therefore know the name of the file server (spooler
host) in addition to the above information. You will
add a physical printer and a remote printer, and then
assign a logical printer name to the remote printer (a
unique name that does not match any other name). To
print, use the lp -d command with the logical
printer name.
Earlier versions of HP/UX use similar procedures to
10.xx:
- Enter sam and select "Peripheral Devices" and then
"Add Remote Printer" (not "networked printer")
- Enter the following remote printer settings (the
other settings do not matter):
- Line printer name (user-selectable)
- Remote system name (the TROY XCD print
server name; must match what is in hosts file or
use TROY XCD print server IP address)
- Remote printer queue (TROY XCD print server
binary or text service name)
- Remote Printer is on a BSD System (Yes)
IBM RS/6000 AIX Configuration
The RS/6000 AIX operating system uses the smit
program to set up the remote printer. The procedure is
as follows for AIX 4.0 and later:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Enter SMIT and select “devices”
Select “Printer/Plotter”
Select “Print Spooling”
Select “Add a Print Queue”
Select “Remote”
Enter the following Remote Printer Settings:
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-7
- Name of queue (user selectable)
- Host Name of Remote Printer (TROY XCD
Print server name; must match name /etc/hosts
file or use TROY XCD print server IP address)
- Name of queue on remote server (TROY XCD
print server binary or text service name)
- Type of print spooler: BSD (press the list
button and choose BSD).
The procedure for pre-V4.0 systems is as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Enter smit and select "Devices"
Select "Printer/plotter"
Select "Manage remote printer subsystem"
Select "Client services"
Select "Remote printer queues"
Select "Add a remote queue"
Enter the following remote queue settings:
- Name of queue to add (user selectable)
- Activate the queue
(Yes)
- Destination host (TROY XCD print server
name; must match name in /etc/hosts file or use
the print server IP address)
- Name of queue on remote printer
(TROY XCD print server binary or text service
name)
- Name of device to add (user selectable; for
example lp0)
Sun Solaris 2.x Configuration
Sun Solaris 2.x uses the lpsystem and lpadmin
programs for remote printer configuration:
4-8 TCP/IP Network Configuration
lpsystem -t bsd xcdname
lpadmin -p queue -s xcdname!\xcdservice
accept queue
enable queue
where queue is the name of the local print queue,
xcdname is the TROY XCD print server name (must
match the entry in the /etc/hosts file) or IP address and
xcdservice is the TROY XCD print server binary or
text service. If this is the first printer configured, you
must also use the lpsched command immediately prior
to the accept command.
As an alternative, you may use Printer Manager in the
admintool utility under OpenWindows. Select Edit,
Add, and Add Access to Remote Printer. Then enter
the TROY XCD print server name in the format
xcdname!\xcdservice as described above. Make sure
that the Printer Server OS is set to BSD (the default
setting), and then click Add.
Note that we recommend that use the /etc/hosts file
for the printer name rather than NIS or other name
services. Also note that due to a bug in the Sun lpd
implementation on Solaris 2.4 and earlier releases, you
may experience problems printing very long print jobs.
If this is the case, a workaround is to use the raw TCP
port with the HP JetDirect software as described later in
this chapter.
SCO UNIX Configuration
SCO UNIX requires TCP/IP V1.2 or later to work with
TROY XCD print servers. You must first configure the
/etc/hosts and /etc/printcap files as described in
step 2. Then run the sysadmsh program as follows:
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-9
-
-
Select Printers.
Select Configure.
Select Add.
Enter the name of the print queue you entered in
the /etc/printcap file as the Printer name,
Enter anything as the Comment, and Class name.
For the Use printer interface select "Existing".
Press the F3 key to get a list of available interfaces,
and select the desired one as the Name of interface
using the arrow keys and Enter key ("Dumb” is a
good choice).
Select "Direct" as the Connection.
Enter the desired Device name ( /dev/lp generally
works).
Select "Hardwired" as the Device.
Select "No" for the Require banner field.
Other Non-Standard Configurations
With DEC TCP/IP Services for VMS (UCX), you
first need to put a name for the TROY XCD print
server in the HOSTS file using the command SET
HOST name /ADDRESS= ipaddress at the
UCX> prompt, where name is the desired name for the
print server and ipaddress is the IP address for the print
server. Then use the sys$system:ucx$lprsetup
command to add a printer (print queue). Enter the
desired printer name, and then use the TROY XCD
print server name as the remote system name. Specify
one of the TROY XCD print server services (see
beginning of this section for options) as the remote
system printer name (accept the defaults for other
questions).
4-10 TCP/IP Network Configuration
Process Software's TCPware simply uses the VMS
INIT/QUEU command with their special symbiont in
the following format:
INIT/QUEUE/PROC=TCPWARE_TSSSYM/ON="host,port" queue
where host is the IP address or name of the TROY
XCD print server, port is the TROY XCD print server
raw TCP port number (9100 for the parallel port, 9101
for the serial port, 9102 for the XConnect 100 second
parallel port, or 9103 for the XConnect 100 second
serial port), and queue is the VMS queue name.
TGV's Multinet requires you to run the MULTINET
CONFIGURE /PRINTERS command, then use the ADD
command to add a printer, specifying the TROY XCD
print server IP address, a protocol type of LPD, and
one of the service options described at the beginning of
this section as the remote print queue.
With Wollongong's PATHWAY, first make sure that
you have the Access option with lpd enabled. Then
enter the print server name and IP address in the
TWG$TCP:[NETDIST.ETC]HOSTS. file, run the LPGEN
program, and execute the command add queue /
rmachine= xcdname /rprinter= service, where queue
is the name of the queue, xcdname is the TROY XCD
print server name from the hosts file, and service is the
TROY XCD print server service name.
To use a TROY XCD print server with an IBM AS/400
running IBM’s TCP/IP Gateway Services for OS/400
(the OS/400 system must be v3.1 or later):
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-11
- Assign a TCP/IP address to the AS/400 and the
TROY XCD print server.
- Use the CFGTCP command at your OS/400 prompt
to add the print server’s TCP/IP address to the AS/
400 host table.
- Use the following one-line OS/400 command to
create the LPD queue:
CRTOUTQ OUTQ(<queuename> RMSTSYS
(*INTNETADR) RMTPRTO(<service>)
AUTOSTRWTR(1) CNNTYPE(*IP) DESTTYPE
(*OTHER) MFRTYPMDL (<driver>)
INTNETADR(‘<ipaddress>’) TEXT
(‘<description>’)
where <queuename> is the new AS/400 print queue
name, <service> is the TROY XCD print server
service name, <driver> is the OS/400 printer driver
name (*HP4 is recommended if in doubt), and
<ipaddress> is the IP address of the print server.
Note that the IP address and description must be
enclosed in single quotes.
Other systems use similar procedures to set up the
TROY XCD print server. These programs will
generally ask for the following information:
Requested information:
remote printer or remote
binary or text service
remote host computer name
You should use:
TROY XCD print server
name
Any name (must match
name in printcap file, if
any) or in some cases,
you may enter the TROY
4-12 TCP/IP Network Configuration
remote host IP address
print server IP address
here
TROY XCD print server IP
address
Tech support specialists for these companies can usually
answer configuration questions if you provide them
with the equivalent UNIX configuration information
(tell them that the TROY XCD print server looks like a
remote UNIX host computer running the lpd line printer
daemon).
4. If you have not created a spool directory for the TROY
XCD print server on your UNIX host computer, you
will need to do so now (the printer setup utilities in HP/
UX, AIX, Solaris 2.xx, and other systems will
automatically create the spool directory). The lpd spool
directory is usually located in the /usr/spool directory
(check with your system manager to see if the location
is different for your system). To create a new spool
directory, use the mkdir command. For example, to
create a spool directory for the queue laser1, you would
enter:
mkdir /usr/spool/lpd/laser1
On some systems it is also necessary to start the
daemon. This is done on Berkeley-compatible UNIX
systems with the lpc start command as shown in the
following example:
lpc start laser1
5. The final step before printing is to add the IP address to
the TROY XCD print server. Consult with your system
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-13
administrator before assigning an IP address to avoid
conflicts with other devices. If your network does not
have an officially assigned block of IP addresses, you
may use any unique address between 192.168.254.1 and
192.168.254.254 (this is a reserved range of Class C
addresses for private networks that are not connected to
the Internet per RFC 1918; note that you must also
assign your host computer an IP address in this range).
The IP address can be set in his can be done in any of
the following ways:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5
6.
7.
8.
9.
XAdmin32
HP JetAdmin
DHCP
The UNIX arp and ping commands
Reverse Arp (rarp)
BOOTP
DEC NCP, NCL, or ccr utilities
TROY XCD XCONFIG NetWare utility
XConnect II or XConnect 100 serial port
The easiest way to configure the IP address is using
either XAdmin32 or JetAdmin as described in Chapter
3. The remaining configuration methods are described
in the following paragraphs.
Important Note: The IP address you assign to the
print server must be on the same logical network as
your host computers (e.g., if your host has an IP address
of 192.189.207.3, the TROY XCD print server should
have an IP of 192.189.207.x, where x is an integer
between 1 and 254), or you must properly configure
your router to work with the TROY XCD print server.
4-14 TCP/IP Network Configuration
Using DHCP to Configure the Print Server
IP Address
TROY XCD print servers support the DHCP protocol
for automatically loading the IP address from a host
computer that supports DHCP. By default, the print
server will automatically try DHCP, BOOTP, and rarp
before using the IP address configured in the server.
Note: This procedure may take about a minute, so the
print server cannot be accessed via TCP/IP during that
time. If a faster IP address load is required, select the
desired IP configuration method (AUTO, DHCP,
BOOTP, RARP, STATIC) via XAdmin, WebXAdmin,
or the print server console SET IP METHOD
command (STATIC is used when the IP address is
manually entered).
Using arp and ping to Configure the Print
Server IP Address
The arp and ping method is one of the simplest ways of
configuring the print server IP address (this method
requires V3.27 or later firmware). To use arp and
ping, enter the following commands at the operating
system prompt::
arp -s ipaddress ethernetaddress [temp]
ping ipaddress
where ethernetaddress is the Ethernet address of the
print server and ipaddress is the IP address of the print
server. The temp parameter should be used with UNIX
systems, but is not supported by Microsoft operating
systems. For example, a typical UNIX entry would be:
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-15
arp -s 192.189.207.2 00:40:17:00:c3:e4 temp
ping 192.189.207.2
while a typical Microsoft entry would be:
arp -s 192.189.207.2 00-40-17-00-c3-e4
ping 192.189.207.2
If everything is OK, you will get a message back on the
screen indicating that the print server is alive. If you do
not get such a message, first check the note bellow, and
then try entering the commands again.
Note: This procedure will not work through a router
(gateway) and only works if the print server IP address
has never been configured before. If you have
previously configured an IP address, then use TELNET
as described in Appendix A to change the IP address.
Note: This procedure will not work with Windows 95
unless there are already entries in the Windows 95 arp
table. If there are no entries, you can add one by
pinging a known device on the network (you cannot
ping yourself).
Using rarp to Configure the TROY XCD
Print Server IP Address
The TROY XCD print server IP address can be
configured using the Reverse ARP (rarp) facility on
your host computer. This is done by editing the /etc/
ethers file (if this file does not exist, you can create it)
with an entry similar to the following:
00:40:17:00:01:07
XCD_000107
4-16 TCP/IP Network Configuration
where the first entry is the Ethernet address of the
TROY XCD print server and the second entry is the
name of the TROY XCD print server (the name must be
the same as the one you put in the /etc/hosts file).
If the rarp daemon is not already running, start it
(depending on the system the command can be rarpd,
rarpd -a, in.rarpd -a or something else; type man
rarpd or refer to your system documentation for
additional information). To verify that the rarp daemon
is running on a Berkeley UNIX-based system, type the
following command:
ps -ax | grep -v grep | grep rarpd
For AT&T UNIX-based systems, type:
ps -ef | grep -v grep | grep rarpd
The TROY XCD print server will get the IP address
from the rarp daemon when it is powered on.
Using BOOTP to Configure the TROY XCD
print server IP Address
BOOTP is an alternative to rarp that has the advantage
of allowing configuration of the subnet mask and
gateway. In order to use BOOTP to configure the IP
address into the TROY XCD print server, first make
sure that BOOTP is installed and running on your host
computer (it should appear in the /etc/services file
on your host as a real service; type man bootpd or refer
to your system documentation for information).
BOOTP is usually started up via the /etc/inetd.conf file,
so you may need to enable it by removing the "#" in
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-17
front of the bootp entry in that file. For example, a
typical bootp entry in the /etc/inetd.conf file would
be:
#bootp dgram udp wait /usr/etc/bootpd bootpd i
Depending on the system, this entry might be called
"bootps" instead of "bootp". In order to enable
BOOTP, simply use an editor to delete the "#" (if there
is no "#", then BOOTP is already enabled). Then edit
the BOOTP configuration file (usually /etc/
bootptab ) to enter the name, network type (1 for
Ethernet), Ethernet address (which can be found on the
label on the TROY XCD print server), and the IP
address, subnet mask and gateway of the TROY XCD
print server. Unfortunately, the exact format for doing
this is not standardized, so you will need to refer to
your system documentation to determine how to enter
this information (many UNIX systems also have
template examples in the bootptab file that you can use
for reference). Some examples of typical /etc/
bootptab entries include:
xcd_000107 1 00:40:17:00:01:07
192.189.207.3
and:
xcd_000107:ht=ethernet:ha=004017000107:\
ip=192.189.207.3:
Certain BOOTP host software implementations will not
respond to BOOTP requests if you have not included a
download filename in the configuration file; if this is
the case, simply create a null file on the host and
4-18 TCP/IP Network Configuration
specify the name of this file and its path in the
configuration file.
As with rarp, the TROY XCD print server will load its
IP address from the BOOTP server when the printer is
powered on.
Configuring the TROY XCD Print Server IP
Address with NCP, XCONFIG, or the Serial
Port
Users of DEC and Novell computers have additional
alternatives for configuring the TROY XCD print
server IP address by using the remote console facility,
while XConnect II, Pony 100, and XConnect 100 users
can also utilize the serial port. On VMS systems, you
will need to have DECNET running in order to use the
remote console. The procedure is as follows:
a. Connect to the remote console or serial port (see
chapter 2 for information on the serial port). If
you are using the remote console with VMS or
ULTRIX, you will need to know the circuit ID
(EWA-0 for Alpha PCI systems, QNA-0 for Q-BUS
systems, SVA-0 for DEC workstations, UNA-0 for
UNIBUS systems, BNA-0 for BI systems, and
MNA-0 for XMI systems; you can get the circuit
ID by executing the VMS NCP command SHOW
KNOWN CIRCUITS ) and the Ethernet address of the
TROY XCD print server (which you can get either
from the label on the TROY XCD print server or
via the printer self-test). On VMS systems, the
connection is made as shown in the following
example:
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-19
$ MCR NCP
NCP>CONNECT VIA QNA-0 PHY ADD 00-40-17-00-01-07
On ULTRIX systems, you would execute
commands similar to the following example:
# addnode XCD -c qna-0 -h 00-40-17-00-01-07
# ccr XCD
On a NetWare system, you would use the
XCONFIG utility included with every TROY XCD
print server. Simply type XCONFIG at the DOS
prompt and select the desired TROY XCD print
server.
b. If you are using the remote console, you will get
the message Console connected (VMS) or
Connection established XCONFIG) or
Remote console reserved (ULTRIX). Press
RETURN and enter the password ACCESS in
response to the "#" prompt (it will not echo).
Note: You will not be asked for a password if you
are using the XConnect II or XConnect 100 serial
port.
c. You will be prompted for a user name. Enter
anything in response to this prompt (older versions
do not ask for the user name).
d. You will then get the Local> prompt. Type SET
IP ADDRESS ipaddress , where ipaddress is the
desired IP address you wish to assign to the TROY
XCD print server (check with your network
manager for the IP address to use). For example:
Local> SET IP ADDRESS 192.189.207.3
4-20 TCP/IP Network Configuration
e. You will now need to set the subnet mask by typing
SET IP SUBNET subnetmask , where subnetmask
is the desired subnet mask you wish to assign to the
TROY XCD print server (check with your network
manager for the subnet mask to use). For example:
Local> SET IP SUBNET 255.255.255.0
If you do not have any subnets, use one of the
following default subnet masks:
255.255.255.0
255.255.0.0
255.0.0.0
f.
for class C networks
for class B networks
for class A networks
The type of network you have can be identified by
the leftmost group of digits in your IP address. The
value of this group ranges from 192 through 255
for Class C networks (e.g., 192.189.207.3), 128
through 191 for Class B networks (e.g.,
128.10.1.30), and 1 through 127 for Class A
networks (e.g., 13.27.7.1).
g. If you have a gateway (router), enter its address
with the command SET IP ROUTER
routeraddress , where routeraddress is the
desired IP address of the gateway you wish to
assign to the TROY XCD print server. For
example:
Local> SET IP ROUTER 192.189.207.1
h. To verify that you have entered the IP information
correctly, type SHOW IP .
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-21
i.
Type EXIT or CTRL-D (i.e., hold down the control
key and type "D") to end the remote console
session.
j.
With older versions of the firmware (V3.26 or
earlier), you must wait about ten second and then
power the printer off and then on again to make the
IP address take effect (not necessary with newer
versions).
6. Before attempting to print, it is very important to
verify the connection between the host and the TROY
XCD print server by using the UNIX ping command
with the IP address of the TROY XCD print server.
For example:
ping 192.189.207.3
You should get a message that the TROY XCD print
server is alive. If you get an error message or no
response, then there is no connection. You will not be
able to print if you cannot ping the TROY XCD print
server. If this is the case, verify that you have set up
the host and TROY XCD print server correctly and that
the physical connections (e.g., the transceivers and
cabling) are good. Refer to the Troubleshooting
chapter for additional information.
7. To print to the TROY XCD print server from UNIX,
use the standard lpr command with the -P option to
specify the queue name. For example, to print the file
TEST on the queue laser1, you would type:
lpr -Plaser1 TEST
4-22 TCP/IP Network Configuration
Some AT&T-based UNIX systems, such as SCO and
HP/UX, use the standard lp command instead of lpr. In
these cases, use the -d option instead of -P to specify
the queue name as shown in the following example:
lp -dlaser1 TEST
Note that TROY XCD print servers implement only a
subset of the lpr options. If you want to utilize printing
options such as landscape mode, language switching,
etc., refer to Appendix B for information on using
services.
For non-UNIX systems such as VMS, the TCP/IP
printing process is normally transparent, so you use the
same commands or procedures as you would for a local
printer.
IP Security
TROY XCD print servers provide a means of allowing only
host computers with authorized IP addresses to access the print
server. This is very useful for applications like check printing,
where general access to the printer is not allowed. The console
command SET IP ACCESS ENABLED ipaddress enters a host
computer IP address into the access table of the print server
(where ipaddress is the IP address of the host computer; refer to
Appendix A for information on using the print server console).
To remove an IP address, use the command SET IP ACCESS
DISABLED ipaddress . To reenable general access, use the
command SET IP ACCESS ALL.
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-23
Raw TCP Ports
TROY XCD print servers provide a raw TCP port capability
that can be used by any application that can open and send
data to a TCP port. The port number is 9100 (238C hex) for
the parallel port, or 9101 for the XConnect II and XConnect
100 first serial port, and 9102 for XConnect 100 second
parallel port. The ports pass data through unmodified, so
there is no TELNET interpretation provided. When using the
raw TCP ports, make sure that TELNET interpretation is
disabled in your software or else you may get distorted
printouts.
The raw TCP port is compatible with many popular software
packages, including HP's JetDirect software for UNIX, TGV
Multinet (streams mode), IBM AIX for the RS/6000 (V3.25
or later), and any TCP/IP-based software that supports HP's
JetDirect Ethernet network interface card.
The HP JetDirect software for UNIX is available for Sun
Solaris, SunOS, and HP/UX. HP printer users can download
these utilities from HP's web site (http://www.hp.com or
FTP site ( ftp.hp.com ).
To use an TROY XCD print server with the HP host printing
utilities on an HP/UX or Sun system:
1. Download the software from the HP web site or FTP
site.
2. If the download file is in tar format, use the tar xvf
filename command to extract the software, where
filename is the name of the software that you
downloaded (you must be logged in as root). If the file
is in pkgadd format, use the pkgadd -d filename all
4-24 TCP/IP Network Configuration
command to extract the software. Accept the default
directory to store the files. Follow the instructions in
the README files to install the software.
3. Run JetAdmin by typing jetadmin at the UNIX
prompt (on SunOS 4.xx systems, you use the hpnpcfg
program instead of JetAdmin, but the configuration
steps are similar).
4. Select item 1 (Configuration) and then select item 3
(Add printer to local spooler).
5. Enter the desired name for the TROY XCD print server
or IP address at the Enter the network
printer name/IP Name prompt.
Note: With versions of firmware earlier than 3.46, you
must enter the name (do not enter the IP address)
before configuring the print server name in the /
etc/hosts file, or in NIS or DNS. You will get a
message Unknown printer. Do you wish
to continue?". Enter "Y" to continue.
6. Select the printer type (for example, “HP LaserJet IIISi
Printers”).
7.
If desired, change any of the configurable parameters
(note that the default queue name is the name of the
printer plus an “_” and a number (e.g., laser_1)). Then
enter 0 to configure the queue.
8. Answer “Y” at the “OK to Continue?” prompt. Exit the
JetAdmin utility by pressing RETURN and then “q”
twice.
TCP/IP Network Configuration 4-25
9. Print a job using the lp command. For example,
lp -dlaser_1 /etc/hosts
If you need a different TCP port number or if you want
additional TCP ports, you may define a TCP port number on
any TROY XCD print server service by using the
SET SERVICE servicename TCP nn
where servicename is the name of the service, and nn is the
desired port number (must be greater than 1023). Refer to
Appendix A for information on using the console.
Changing the Configuration (Optional)
You may use TELNET, the DEC NCP utility, the XCONFIG
NetWare utility, or the XConnect II/Pony 100/XConnect 100
serial port to connect to the TROY XCD print server remote
console and change the configuration or view the status. The
procedure and configuration commands are described in
Appendix A.
4-26 TCP/IP Network Configuration
5
Novell Network Configuration
Overview
TROY XCD print servers allow NetWare client PCs to print
jobs on the same printer as DEC, UNIX, AppleTalk, LAN
Manager, and Banyan users. All NetWare jobs are spooled
through the Novell server, so NetWare utilities and
application programs can use the printer transparently.
NetWare Concepts
Novell NetWare is a sophisticated network operating system
that allows PC clients (and other nodes) to access network
resources such as disk drives and printers as if they were
directly connected. NetWare networks require at least one
file server, and users must log into this server to take
advantage of the NetWare capabilities.
To handle printing over the network, the file server provides
print spooling for the clients. It holds print jobs locally until
contacted by a print server on the network, which in turn
sends the job to appropriate printer. In the past, a NetWare
print server was typically either a PC dedicated to handling
printers or a Network Loadable Module (NLM) or Value
Added Process (VAP) running on the file server. Today,
NetWare print servers are often special-purpose networking
hardware like a TROY XCD print server.
Novell Network Configuration 5-1
TROY XCD print servers can operate in two different modes
to service NetWare print queues:
• Remote Printer mode (also known as NPRINTER mode on
NetWare 4.xx or RPRINTER mode on NetWare 2.xx or
3.xx networks)
• Queue Server mode (also called print server or PSERVER
mode)
In remote printer mode (see figure 5-1), the client PC sends
the print job to the file server, which in turn spools it to a
File
Server
PC Client
Workstation
Print
Server
Printer with
XConnect II
PC
Figure 5-1
TROY XCD Print Server Operating as a NetWare Remote Printer
PC Client
Workstation
File
Server
Printer with
XConnect II
PC
Figure 5-2
TROY XCD Print Server Operating as a NetWare Queue Server
5-2 Novell Network Configuration
print server (the print server may be a physical device like a
PC or a software NLM or VAP on the file server), which in
turn sends it to the printer. This approach provides good
performance, and has the advantage of not consuming a user
slot on the file server.
A TROY XCD print server can also act as a NetWare print
server (queue server) with an attached printer, which
therefore eliminates the need for a dedicated PC print server
or for an NLM or VAP on the file server. As shown in figure
5-2, this means that jobs from the client PC are spooled to the
file server, which in turn spools the job directly to the TROY
XCD print server. The advantage of this approach is higher
performance, but it has the drawback of requiring a user slot
on the file server.
Generally speaking, TROY XCD recommends that you use
queue server mode instead of remote printer mode because
the performance will be much higher. The exception to this
recommendation is if you have a limited number of available
user slots (for example, if you have a 5-user NetWare license
and you have five active users).
TROY XCD print servers will work with NetWare Directory
Services (NDS) or bindery emulation mode on NetWare 4.xx
and later networks (not all TROY XCD print servers support
NDS queue server mode; refer to chapter 2 for specific
protocol support information).
General Information
In order to use a TROY XCD print server on a NetWare
network, one or more file servers must be configured with a
Novell Network Configuration 5-3
print queue that the TROY XCD print server can service.
Users send their print requests to the file server’s print
queue, and the jobs are then spooled (either directly, or in the
case or remote printer mode, via an intermediate print server)
to the TROY XCD print server.
TROY XCD print servers can be configured under Windows
using Hewlett-Packard's JetAdmin utility or TROY XCD's
XAdmin32 and XAdmin utilities. Alternatively, they can be
configured using the NetWare PCONSOLE utility in
conjunction with TROY XCD's DOS XCONFIG utility.
Important Note: Not all TROY XCD print server models
support queue server mode with Novell Directory Services
(refer to chapter 2 for protocol support information). You
must enable bindery emulation in order to use queue server
mode with these products.
Before You Begin
Before you can configure a NetWare print queue, you must
have sufficient privileges. With NetWare 3.xx and earlier,
you MUST be logged in as SUPERVISOR (not someone with
Supervisor privileges). With NetWare 4.xx and later, make
sure that you have sufficient administrator privileges to
create a print queue in the desired context.
Default Print Server Names (Service
Names)
TROY XCD print servers automatically make themselves
known on a NetWare network. Each print server port has an
associated default NetWare name; these names are used
5-4 Novell Network Configuration
extensively during the configuration process, so be sure to
remember them. The names are as follows:
XConnect II
XCD_xxxxxx_P1
XCD_xxxxxx_S1
XCD_xxxxxx_LN
(parallel port)
(serial port, if enabled)
(parallel port if LN03 option
is installed)
XConnect II
XCD_xxxxxx_P1
XCD_xxxxxx_S1
XCD_xxxxxx_LN
(parallel port)
(serial port, if enabled)
(parallel port if LN03 option
is installed)
XConnect II Lite
XCD_xxxxxx_P1
XCD_xxxxxx_S1
(parallel port)
(serial port, if enabled)
Pony Print Server Plus
XCD_xxxxxx_P1
(parallel port)
The default NetWare print server names are actually the
names of the print server's NetWare services (refer to
Appendix B for more information on services). The "xxxxxx"
in all of the above cases is the last six digits of the Ethernet
address (for example, XCD_034578_P1). Refer to the label
on the print server or to the print server self-test for the
Ethernet address. If desired, you may change the default
names to something more meaningful by using XAdmin32,
XAdmin, WebXAdmin, JetAdmin, or the print server
console.
Novell Network Configuration 5-5
Configuring the Print Server and Adding
the Print Queue in Queue Server Mode
TROY XCD print servers can be configured in Queue Server
mode for either bindery or NDS mode operation. The
simplest way to do this is with TROY XCD's XAdmin32 or
HP's JetAdmin utilities. XAdmin32 is a Windows 95/98 and
Windows NT 4.xx-based utility that allows you to configure
the print server and create NetWare print queues without
using NetWare utilities like PCONSOLE or NWAdmin (if
you have Windows 3.xx, you must use XAdmin as described
later in this chapter). JetAdmin is a Hewlett-Packard utility
that provides similar capabilities. Other methods include
TROY XCD's XAdmin or XCONFIG utilities in conjunction
with Novell's NWAdmin or PCONSOLE.
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue with
XAdmin32 (Queue Server Mode)
NOTE: TROY XCD recommends you use the Novell 32-bit
client on your Windows 95/98/NT workstation instead of the
Microsoft NetWare client, because it allows direct
configuration of print queues without the need for a Novell
utility like NWAdmin or PCONSOLE.
NOTE: If you have a Windows 3.xx system, you must use
XAdmin as described later in this chapter.
NOTE: NDS Queue Server mode is only supported by "S"
and "N" Series models (for example, PPS-8S and XConnect
II-8N; refer to Chapter 2 for specific mode information).
1. Make sure that you are logged in as ADMIN or
equivalent (NetWare 4.xx and above) or SUPERVISOR
(NetWare 2.xx and 3.xx). Install the XAdmin32
5-6 Novell Network Configuration
software from the TROY XCD Print Server Software
CD-ROM by clicking on the Start button and selecting
Run. Click on Browse and select the CD-ROM drive.
Open the Utilities folder, open the XAdmin32 folder,
and click on SETUP.EXE, Click OK twice and follow
the instructions on the screen.
2. Click on Start, select Programs, select the XAdmin32
folder, and then select XAdmin32.
3. Click on the IPX/SPX icon under Filters to set the
operating mode to IPX/SPX (TCP/IP mode will not
allow you to configure NetWare print queues directly).
The TROY XCD external print server should appear in
the list of available printers (the name will one of the
ones listed in the Default Print Server Names section at
the beginning of this chapter). If it does not, try going
to the menu bar and selecting Devices and then Search
Active Devices.
Important Note: V3.59 and earlier firmware do not
support more than one service and one port (the
firmware version is listed on the self-test page). If you
have an XConnect II or XConnect 100 and need to use
the serial port for printing, you must upgrade to a
newer revision of the firmware.
4. Double click on the printer that you wish to configure,
enter the configuration password (ACCESS is the
default), and press OK.
5. A series of index card tabs will be displayed. Click on
the NetWare P1 tab to configure the first parallel port,
the NetWare S1 tab to configure the serial port, the
Novell Network Configuration 5-7
NetWare P2 tab to configure the XConnect 100 second
parallel port, or the NetWare S2 tab to configure the
XConnect 100 second serial port.
• If it is not already selected, select Queue Server as
the operating mode.
• Click on the ▼ button and select the NDS tree (if
you are using the Microsoft NetWare client, you
must type in the name of the tree)..
• Click Change... button to select the NDS context
where the queue will reside (if you are using the
Microsoft client, you must type in the name of the
context).
• If desired, you may change the print server name (do
this with caution, because it changes the print server
service name and will therefore affect any other
protocols that use this service).
If you are using the Microsoft Client for NetWare, STOP
HERE. Go to the Adding NetWare Print Queues Using
NWAdmin section to complete the configuration.
6. Click on the Change NDS Queues... button to
configure an NDS print queue or click the Change
Bindery Queues... to configure a bindery mode queue.
7. Two windows will appear, Available Print Queues and
Serviced Print Queues. First go to the Available
Print Queues window:
• If you are configuring an NDS queue, click on the
context where the print queue will reside.
5-8 Novell Network Configuration
• If you are configuring a bindery queue, click on the
volume where the queue will reside (a volume name
will have a file server icon next to it).
8. Click on New Queue.
• Enter any unique name for the Queue name. If you
are configuring a bindery queue, click OK and
proceed to step 8.
• If you are configuring an NDS queue, click
Browse, select the file server volume where you
want the queue to reside (a volume name will have
a file server icon next to it), and click OK.
9. The queue name will now appear in the Available
Print Queues under the selected volume (for bindery
mode) or in the selected context (for NDS mode).
• Click on the desired queue.
• Click on Add>>
The name will now appear in the Serviced Print
Queues window.
10. Click Close and then OK. You can now use the print
queue from your NetWare workstation.
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue with
HP JetAdmin 3.XX (Queue Server Mode)
NOTE: JetAdmin 1.xx and 2.xx do not allow direct
configuration of NetWare print queues. If you are using
these versions, you may configure the print server with
Novell Network Configuration 5-9
JetAdmin and then use NWAdmin or PCONSOLE to add the
print queue. If possible, TROY XCD recommends that you
upgrade to JetAdmin 3.xx (available on the HP web site at
http://www.hp.com).
1. Make sure that JetAdmin 3.xx is running on your
system and that you have sufficient privileges to use it
to create print queues. If you are using the Microsoft
NetWare client on your workstation, make sure that you
have installed Services for NetWare Directory
Services in the Network control panel.
2. Click on Start, select Programs, select the HP
JetAdmin Utilities 3.0 folder, and then select HP
JetAdmin.
3. One or more TROY XCD print server NetWare services
will show up in the list of printers (the default service
names are listed in the Default Print Server Names
section at the beginning of this chapter). Single click
on the one that you wish to configure and then go the
menu bar, select File and then Modify.
Important Note: V3.59 and earlier firmware do not
support more than one service and one port (the
firmware version is listed on the self-test page). If you
have an XConnect II or XConnect 100 and need to use
more than one port for printing, you must upgrade to a
newer revision of the firmware.
4. If desired, change the print server name and description.
Click Next. Do this with caution because this will
change the print server service name, and will therefore
affect any other protocols that use this service.
5-10 Novell Network Configuration
5. Make sure that NetWare Directory Services is selected
in the window on the left side of the display.
• Click on the ▼ button and select the NDS tree.
• Click Change... button to select the NDS context.
6. Click on the Operating Mode button and select Queue
Server Mode.
7. Click on the Queues button and then click on the
Change... button. Two windows will appear, Available
Print Queues and Serviced Print Queues. Go to the
Available Print Queues window:
• If you are configuring an NDS queue, click on the
context where the print queue will reside.
• If you are configuring a bindery queue, click on the
volume where the queue will reside.
8. Click on Create and enter any unique name for the
Queue name.
• If you are configuring an NDS queue, the default file
server on which the print queue will reside will be
listed.. You may optionally change this by clicking on
the ▼ button and selecting a different server. You
may also optionally change the context that you
selected in the previous step by clicking on the
Browse... button. Click OK and proceed to step 9.
• If you are configuring a bindery queue, you may
optionally click on the ▼ button to change the file
Novell Network Configuration 5-11
server volume that you selected in the previous step.
Click OK to continue and go to step 9.
9. Click Yes when asked if you want to add the queue to
the list of serviced queues. The queue name will now
appear in the Available Print Queues in the selected
context (for NDS mode) or under the selected volume
(for bindery mode).
10. Click OK and then Next. If applicable, enter the IP
address and click Next.
11. If desired you can enable users that will be notified in
the event of printer problems. Click Finish. You can
now use the print queue from your NetWare
workstation.
Configuring the Print Server using XAdmin Version
2.0 or WebXAdmin (Queue Server Mode):
Important Note: Although XAdmin runs on Windows 95/
98, TROY XCD recommends that you use XAdmin32 on these
operating systems.
1. If you are using XAdmin 2.0, install the XAdmin
software. On Windows 3.xx systems, go the menu bar
in the Program Manager, select File, and then Run.
Click Browse to locate the Setup file (either on
floppy disk or in the \Utilities\XAdmin folder
on CD-ROM. On Windows 95, go the Start button,
select Run, and then Browse for the Setup file.
Click OK to start the installation.
5-12 Novell Network Configuration
2. If you are using XAdmin, start it up by double clicking
on the icon.
If you are using WebXAdmin, start up your web
browser (you must have a valid IP address configured in
the PC and in the print server).
3. If you are using XAdmin, one or more TROY XCD
print server NetWare services will show up in the list of
printers (the default services names are listed in the
Default Print Server Names section at the beginning of
this chapter). Double click on the one that you wish to
configure.
If you are using WebXAdmin, enter the IP address of
the print server as the destination address in your
browser and press ENTER or RETURN.
4. Enter the configuration password (ACCESS is the
default) and press OK (XAdmin) or Submit
(WebXAdmin).
5. If you have XAdmin, click on the NetWare tab.
If you are using WebXAdmin, click on Configure
NetWare. You will see one or more enabled services
(the default service names are listed in the Default Print
Server Names section at the beginning of this manual).
Click on the desired service.
6. If you are using NDS, type in the tree and context (the
context may be entered in either the form
printers.mytree or OU=printers.O=mytree. If you
are using XAdmin, click OK, Yes, and OK to save the
Novell Network Configuration 5-13
configuration changes. If you are using WebXAdmin,
click Submit and exit the browser. Proceed to the next
section, Adding NetWare Print Queues using NWAdmin.
If you are using bindery mode with XAdmin (not
available with WebXAdmin), you may click on the Add
Queue button to directly add a NetWare bindery queue:
• Click Create. Use the ▼ button to change the file
server volume and then enter any unique name for the
print and click OK.
• Click Yes when asked if you want to add the queue to
the service list, click OK and Close. The queue will
appear in the Bindery Print Queues window. Click
OK and then Yes. You can now use the print queue
from a NetWare workstation. Skip to the
Configuring the Windows Printer section.
If you are using bindery mode with WebXAdmin, click
Configure NetWare from the main menu, type in the
name of the file server where the print queue will
reside, and click Add. Proceed to the next section,
Configuring NetWare Print Queues using NWAdmin.
Adding NetWare Print Queues Using NWAdmin
(Queue Server Mode)
If you are using XAdmin32 with the Microsoft NetWare
client, or you are using XAdmin, WebXAdmin, or JetAdmin
1.xx or 2.xx, you need to use NWAdmin to configure the
actual NetWare print queue. This is because these utilities
only allow you to define the print server context and tree (or
file server, if you are using bindery mode). The following
steps are required:
5-14 Novell Network Configuration
1. Start the Novell NWAdmin program by double clicking
on the icon.
2.
Create a printer object:
- Click on the container where the object will reside.Select Object from the menu bar and then Create.
- When you get the New Object menu, select Printer
and then OK.
- Enter any desired name for the printer and select
Create.
3.
Create a print queue object:
- Click on the container where the object will reside.
Select Object from the menu bar and then Create.
- When you get the New Object menu, select Print
Queue and then OK.
- Enter any desired name for the print queue
- Click on the Print Queue Volume button and select
the volume on which the print queue will reside.
- Press OK and then Create.
4.
Create a print server object:
- Click on the container where the object will reside.
- Select Object from the menu bar and then Create.
- When you get the New Object menu, select Print
Server and then OK.
- Enter the name of the TROY XCD print server and
select Create. Use the default print server name (the
default names are listed in the Default Print Server
Names section at the beginning of this chapter) unless
you specifically changed it with XAdmin32, Admin,
JetAdmin, or the print server console.
Novell Network Configuration 5-15
5.
Associate the printer with the print queue:
- Change context if required and then double click on
the name of the printer you created in step 3.
- Click on Assignments and then Add...
- Change context if necessary and select the print
queue you created in step 4. Click OK and then OK
again
6.
Associate the print server with the printer:
- Change context if required and then double click on
the name of the print server you created in step 5.
- Click on Assignments and then Add...
- Change context if necessary and select the printer
you created in step 3. Click OK and then OK again.
7.
Exit NWAdmin. You are now ready to use the print
queue from a NetWare workstation.
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue Using
PCONSOLE and XCONFIG (Queue Server Mode)
As an alternative to JetAdmin and XAdmin, you can use the
standard Novell PCONSOLE utility in conjunction with
TROY XCD's XCONFIG program to set up your print
queues (note that if desired, you may use TELNET, the DEC
NCP utility, or the serial port instead of XCONFIG). The
procedure is basically as follows:
1. Use XCONFIG to connect to the print server. Enter the
password (ACCESS is the default) and type anything in
response to the Enter Username> prompt.
5-16 Novell Network Configuration
2. If you are configuring an NDS queue, enter the
commands:
SET SERVICE servicename TREE treename
SET SERVICE servicename CONTEXT contextname
where servicename is the service that you want to
configure (the default service names are listed in the
Default Print Server Names section at the beginning of
this chapter), treename is the name of your NDS tree,
and contextname is the NDS context where the print
server will reside. Now skip to step 3.
If you are configuring a bindery queue, enter the
command:
SET NETW QSERVER fileserver ON servicename
where fileserver is the name of the file server where the
queue will reside (note that this is not necessarily the
same as the volume name), and servicename is the
name of the print server service (the default service
names are listed in the Default Print Server Names
section at the beginning of this chapter).
Note: The SET NETWARE SERVER command,
which enables file servers on a global basis, is
available for compatibility with older firmware
releases, but is not recommended for new applications.
3. Start PCONSOLE
-
If necessary, change to the desired context if you
are using NDS.
Novell Network Configuration 5-17
-
Go to Print Queues, press Insert to create a new
print queue, and enter the name of the print queue.
If you are configuring an NDS queue, you will also
need to enter a volume name (press Insert to
browse for available volumes).
-
Select Print Servers (NetWare 4.xx and later) or
Queue Servers (NetWare 2.xx and 3.xx), press
Insert and enter the name of the TROY XCD print
server (the default print server names are discussed
in the Default Print Server Names section at the
beginning of this manual).
-
Go to Print Queues, select the desired print
queue, then select Print Servers and press Insert to
select the name of the TROY XCD print server.
-
Exit PCONSOLE.
4. Go back to XCONFIG and enter the command:
SET NETWARE RESCAN
After a few seconds, do a SHOW NETWARE
command; you should see the queue you created being
serviced by the file server. You are now ready to use
the queue.
Configuring the Print Server and Adding
the Print Queue in Remote Printer Mode
To configure a TROY XCD print server for remote printer
mode, there are two basic steps required. First, you must use
5-18 Novell Network Configuration
Novell's NWAdmin or PCONSOLE to add the print queue to
the NetWare server. Then you must configure the print
server for remote printer operation using XAdmin32,
XAdmin, JetAdmin, WebXAdmin, or the print server
console.
Important Note: You cannot configure both Queue Server
and Remote Printer mode on the same print server port. It is
possible, however, to configure a multiport print server (such
as the XConnect 100) with one port running in Queue Server
mode and the other in Remote Printer mode.
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue using
NWADMIN and XAdmin32, XAdmin, WebXAdmin, or
JetAdmin (NDS Remote Printer Mode):
To configure an TROY XCD print server for remote printer
mode with NWADMIN (NetWare Administrator utility) and
XAdmin32, XAdmin, WebXAdmin, or JetAdmin, first make
sure that you have V3.28 or later firmware (refer to the selftest page or do a SHOW VERSION command from the
console). Then perform the following steps:
1.
Make sure that the PSERVER NLM (NetWare
Loadable Module) is loaded on your file server and that
you are logged in as ADMIN in NDS mode on the
NetWare 4.xx file server.
2.
Start NWADMIN by double clicking on the icon.
Select the desired Container Object (Organizational
Unit) that will contain the new printer.
3.
Select Object from the menu bar and then Create.
When you get the New Object menu, select Printer
and then OK.
Novell Network Configuration 5-19
4.
Enter the name of the printer and select Create.
5.
Double click on the name of your PSERVER NLM.
Click on Assignments and then Add...
6.
If necessary, change the directory context. Select the
printer you created and click OK. Note the number of
the printer, as you will use this later, then click OK.
7.
Select the desired Container Object (Organizational
Unit) that will contain the default print queue, and then
click on Object and Create to get New Object menu.
8.
Select Print Queue and then OK. Make sure that
Directory Service Queue is selected, and then type in
a name for the default print queue.
9.
Click on the button to select the print queue volume.
Change the directory context if necessary, then select
the desired volume (Objects) and click OK. Click
Create to create the print queue.
10. Change context if required and then double click the
name of the printer you created previously.
11. Click Assignments and then Add..
12. Change context if necessary and select the print queue
you created. Click OK and then OK again, and then
exit NWADMIN.
13. Select the print server and service that you wish to
configure:
5-20 Novell Network Configuration
• If you have XAdmin32, double click on the print
server name and then click on the appropriate
NetWare tab (NetWare P1 for the first parallel port,
NetWare S1 for the first serial port, NetWare P2
for the XConnect 100 second parallel port or
NetWare S2 for the XConnect 100 second serial
port).
• If you are using XAdmin, one or more TROY XCD
print server NetWare services will show up in the
list of printers (the default service names are listed
in the Default Print Server Names section at the
beginning of this chapter). Double click on the one
that you wish to configure and then click on the
NetWare tab.
• If you are using WebXAdmin, start your web
browser, enter the IP address of the print server as
the destination address, and then push ENTER or
RETURN. Click on Configure NetWare, and then
click on the Enabled Service that you wish to
configure (the default service names are listed in the
Default Print Server Names section at the beginning
of this chapter).
• If you are using JetAdmin, one or more TROY XCD
print server NetWare services will show up in the
list of printers (the default service names are listed
in the Default Print Server Names section at the
beginning of this chapter; note that JetAdmin
supports a maximum of three ports per print server).
Single click on the one you want to configure, go to
the menu bar and select Device and then Modify.
Then click Next and select Operating Mode.
Novell Network Configuration 5-21
NOTE: If you want to enable remote printer
capabilities on services other than the default NetWare
services, you must define new services that are enabled
for NetWare and for the desired port (only one service
per port can be defined for NetWare). Refer to Appendix
B in this manual for information on how to do this.
14. Select the Remote Printer as the Operating Mode,
enter the name of your PSERVER NLM as the Print
Server Name, and select the number of the printer
from step 6 as the Printer Number (XAdmin32 and
JetAdmin allow you to choose from a list of available
print server NLMs rather than typing in the name).
15. If you have XAdmin 32 or XAdmin, click OK. If you
have JetAdmin, click Next two times, and then click
Finish. If you have WebXAdmin, click Submit.
16. Exit the configuration utility. You must now unload
the PSERVER NLM from your NetWare file server
console and then reload it in order for the changes to take
effect.
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue using
PCONSOLE and XCONFIG (Remote Printer Mode)
To configure an TROY XCD print server for remote printer
mode operation using PCONSOLE and XCONFIG, first
make sure that you have V3.27 or later firmware (refer to
the self-test page or do a SHOW VERSION command from
the console). Then perform the following steps:
1.
Make sure that the PSERVER NLM (NetWare
Loadable Module) is loaded on your file server.
5-22 Novell Network Configuration
2.
Log into the file server from your PC workstation as
ADMIN if you are using NetWare 4.xx (if you want
NDS support, do not login under bindery mode). If you
are using NetWare 2.XX or 3.xx, login as
SUPERVISOR.
3.
Run the PCONSOLE utility from your PC workstation.
4.
If you are creating a new print queue, select Print
Queue Information (NetWare 3.xx) or Print Queues
(NetWare 4.xx) from the Available Options menu.
Press INSERT, type in the desired print queue name
(with NetWare 4.xx, you will also be asked for a
volume name; press INSERT and select the
appropriate volume), and press ESCAPE to return to
the main menu.
The following steps apply to configuring a remote printer
with NDS support on NetWare 4.xx systems:
a. Select Print Servers from the PCONSOLE menu
and then select the name of the PSERVER NLM on
your host computer.
b. Select Printers.
c. Press INSERT to get Object, Class menu.
d. Press INSERT and enter the Printer Name (any
unique name is OK).
e. Highlight the printer name and press ENTER twice
to get Printer Configuration Menu.
Novell Network Configuration 5-23
f.
PCONSOLE will assign a Printer Number.
Remember this number, since it will be used later.
g. Highlight Print Queues Assigned and press
ENTER and then INSERT to get a list of available
queues.
h. Highlight the name of the print queue you wish to
assign to the remote printer and press ENTER.
i.
The other settings in the menu are not required.
Push ESCAPE several times to exit PCONSOLE.
j.
Skip to step 5 below.
The following steps apply to configuring a remote printer
on NetWare 3.xx systems:
a. Select Print Server Information from the
PCONSOLE main menu and choose the name of
the PSERVER NLM.
b. Select Print Server Configuration and then
Printer Configuration. Select any "Not Installed"
printer and press Enter. Remember the number of
this printer, since it will be used later in the
configuration process.
c. If desired, type in a new name for the printer.
d. Go to Type, press ENTER, highlight Remote
Other/Unknown and press ENTER again. The
other settings in this menu are not required.
5-24 Novell Network Configuration
e. Push ESCAPE and save the changes.
f.
Push ESCAPE and select Queues Serviced by
Printer.
g. Highlight the printer name that you just configured
and press ENTER.
h. Press INSERT, choose the desired print queue, and
press ENTER (you can accept the default priority).
i.
5.
Press ESCAPE several times to exit PCONSOLE.
Insert the TROY XCD Print Server Software diskette or
CD-ROM into your PC and run the XCONFIG utility
(in the \utilities directory on the CD-ROM)
Select the TROY XCD print server from the list of
print servers. When you get the message that the print
server is connected, press the ENTER key and type the
password ACCESS in response to the "#" prompt (the
password will not echo), and then press the ENTER key
again in response to the Enter Username>
prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, type:
SET NET NPRINTER nlm number ON service
SET NET RESCAN
EXIT
where nlm is the name of the PSERVER NLM on your
file server, number is the printer number (must match
the printer number you selected during the PCONSOLE
configuration in the previous steps) and service is the
name of the service (the default service names are listed
in the Default Print Server Names section of this chapter).
Novell Network Configuration 5-25
For example, to set up remote printer 3 for an HP printer
with the TROY XCD print server XCD_00C3E4 using
the PSERVER NLM called XCD1PS, you would type:
SET NET NPRINTER XCD1PS 3 ON XCD_00C3E4_P1
SET NET RESCAN
EXIT
NOTE: The same service cannot be used for both
queue server mode and remote printer mode.
NOTE: If you want to enable remote printer
capabilities on services other than the default NetWare
services, you must define new services that are enabled
for NetWare and for the desired port. Refer to
Appendix B in this manual for information on how to
do this.
6.
You must now unload the PSERVER NLM from your
NetWare file server console and then reload it in order
for the changes to take effect.
Configuring the Workstation
The final step is to configure the workstation(s) to print to
the TROY XCD print server. The TROY XCD print server
can be used with any workstation that supports either the
Novell or Microsoft client software.
Configuring the Workstation (Windows 95/98)
To use a NetWare print queue from a Windows 95
workstation, first make sure that the appropriate NetWare
drivers are installed. Then go to the Start button, choose
Settings, and then select Printers. Double click on the Add
5-26 Novell Network Configuration
Printer icon and then execute the following steps when you
get to the Add Printer Wizard.
1.
Click on Next, Select Network Printer and click on
Next again.
2.
Select Browse, double click on the appropriate file
server name, select the print queue, and click OK. If
you used JetAdmin to configure the queue, you should
double click on the HP_Network_Printers icon
instead of the file server icon, and then select the
TROY XCD print server name. Click on Next.
3.
Select the desired printer manufacturer and model
(click Have Disk if your printer is not listed), and click
on Next.
4.
If the driver already exists, select Keep Existing
Driver (if it does not, this step will be skipped), and
then click on Next.
5.
If desired, change the name of the printer and/or make
it the default, and then click on Next.
6.
Select Yes when you are asked "Would you like to
print a test page?" Click on Finish.
Configuring the Workstation (Windows NT 4.xx)
To add a queue from a Windows NT 4.xx workstation,
execute the following steps: NetWare Windows VLM
drivers and utilities installed. Then go to the Start button,
choose Settings, and then select Printers. Double click on
the Add Printer icon and then execute the following steps
when you get to the Add Printer Wizard:
Novell Network Configuration 5-27
1.
Select Network Printer Server and click on Next.
2.
Select the desired print queue and click OK. Answer
OK when asked if you want to install the printer driver.
3.
Select the desired printer manufacturer and model, and
click on Next.
4.
If desired, make the printer the default, and then click
on Next.
5.
Click on Finish.
Configuring the Workstation (Windows 3.xx)
To use a NetWare print queue from a Windows 3.xx
workstation, first make sure that you have the appropriate
NetWare Windows VLM drivers and utilities installed. Then
execute the following steps:
1.
Open the Main window of the Windows Program
Manager and start the Print Manager.
2.
Select Options (or Printer) from the menu bar and
then Network Connections.
3.
Select the desired port (for example, LPT1:) under
Ports: and the desired print queue under Resources. If
you have configured the TROY XCD print server for
NDS mode, you may alternatively select the printer
name instead of the print queue name.
4.
Click Capture and Permanent.
5.
Close the window and select Options and then Printer
Setup.
5-28 Novell Network Configuration
6.
Choose the desired printer under Installed Printers. If
the desired printer does not exist, select Add>> and
select the printer from the List of Printers, and click
on Install (normally you will need either the original
Windows diskette distribution or the printer
manufacturer's driver diskette).
7.
If the desired printer is not on the correct port, click on
Connect, select the port, and click OK.
8.
If desired, click Set as Default Printer to make the
printer your default printer.
9.
Exit the Print Manager.
Configuring the Workstation (DOS-based NetWare
drivers)
To configure the PC workstation so that DOS applications
can print transparently to the TROY XCD print server (you
may also use this procedure if you do not have Windowsspecific NetWare drivers), use the DOS editor to add a
command with the following format to the
AUTOEXEC.BAT file on your PC:
capture l= n q= queuename ti= timeout
where n is the number of the parallel port you wish to
redirect, queuename is the name of the queue you created (if
you using NetWare 4.xx in NDS mode, you may specify
p= printername instead of the queue, where printername is
the name of the NDS printer; be sure to enter the entire
directory context of the printer), and timeout is a the number
of seconds the file server will send data to the printer after
the application last writes to a file (use at least 5 seconds for
DOS applications and at least 50 seconds for Windows
Novell Network Configuration 5-29
applications, and you may need to increase the values if you
are unable to print). For example, if your queue is called
myqueue and you wish to use LPT1 with a timeout of 5
seconds, you would enter:
capture l=1 q=myqueue ti=5
After the workstation is restarted, you will be able to print
from applications programs as if the printer were directly
connected to the LPT1 parallel port.
Testing the Print Queue
Test the queue by printing a small job from an application
program like the Windows 95 Paint Accessory program
(make sure that the program is set up to print to the correct
print queue if the TROY XCD print server is not assigned to
service the default queue). The file will be spooled to the
TROY XCD print server for printing and should print on the
printer within a short period of time. If it does not, double
check your configuration, and if necessary, refer to the
Troubleshooting chapter of this manual for additional
information.
Changing the Print Server Configuration
(Optional)
The TROY XCD print server default parameters can be
changed via the XCONFIG utility to meet a wide variety of
user needs. The procedure for doing this is described in
detail in Appendix A of this manual.
5-30 Novell Network Configuration
6
AppleTalk Network Configuration
Overview
All TROY XCD print servers except the XConnect II Lite
support the AppleTalk protocol running over Ethernet (also
known as EtherTalk). This capability allows Macintosh
computers to print jobs to a printer simultaneously with jobs
from DEC, UNIX, NetWare, and other computers.
If you have the XConnect II LocalTalk option, LocalTalkbased Macintosh computers can also share the same printer
with Ethernet-based systems.
AppleTalk Concepts
TROY XCD print server AppleTalk capabilities allow a
printer to appear as a shareable printer node on an AppleTalk
Phase 2 network. The TROY XCD print server broadcasts
information to Macintoshes on the network, and
automatically appears in the Chooser on each Macintosh.
Application programs (such as Microsoft Word, Excel,
PageMaker, etc.) can print without modification or special
software on the Macintosh.
AppleTalk Network Configuration 6-1
Step 1 Macintosh Configuration
TROY XCD print servers are compatible with the Apple
LaserWriter 8 drivers as well as drivers supplied by many
printer manufacturers (earlier versions of the LaserWriter
drivers may crash or cause PostScript errors on large
networks). If none of these drivers is installed on your
Macintosh, you must install one of them from diskette
following the instructions of the manufacturer.
Before using a TROY XCD print server, you must first
enable Ethernet or LocalTalk (if you want to use the
XConnect II LocalTalk option) from the Network Control
Panel on the Macintosh. If Ethernet is not selectable or the
Network Control Panel does not exist, you must use Apple's
Network Installer software to add these capabilities.
Step 2 Printing
Once the print server is installed powered on, the print server
service name (default is XCD_xxxxxx_pp_AT, where
"xxxxxx" is the last six digits of the Ethernet address and "pp"
is P1 for the parallel port, S1 for the serial port, and P2 or
S2 for the XConnect 100 second parallel and serial ports; for
example, XCD_009C53_P1_AT) should appear in the
Chooser. Note that the serial ports will not appear if they are
set for console mode operation.
To select the TROY XCD print server, open the Chooser
from the Apple Menu on the Macintosh, and then click on the
LaserWriter icon (if necessary, select the appropriate
AppleTalk zone from the Network Control Panel). Then
click on the TROY XCD print server name and close the
6-2 AppleTalk Network Configuration
Chooser. You should now be able to print from the
Macintosh.
If you cannot see the print server, first make sure that your
cabling is correct and that you have enabled EtherTalk or (if
applicable) LocalTalk from your Macintosh Network Control
Panel. You may also need to force the TROY XCD print
server into the correct AppleTalk zone using the SET
APPLETALK ZONE command described in Appendix A.
Important: AppleTalk requires a PostScript printer.
Important: If you are using the parallel port, your printer
must either support the IEEE P1284 Bitronics bidirectional
standard (refer to your printer documentation) or you must
enable AppleTalk spoofing by using the following command
from the print server console (refer to Appendix A if you do
not know how to use the console):
SET SERVICE servicename RECEIVE ENABLED
where servicename is the name of the AppleTalk service
(XCD_xxxxxx_P1_AT by default, where "xxxxxx" is the last
six digits of the print server Ethernet address and "pp" is the
port name).
Printing Binary Graphics
Scanned images and other types of graphics are frequently
saved in a format known as binary PostScript. HewlettPackard and some other printers require that the printer be set
in a special binary mode, which is unfortunately not always
possible with an external print server. However, a TROY
XCD external print server can print binary files under the
following circumstances:
AppleTalk Network Configuration 6-3
• If the printer supports printing binary files through the
parallel or serial port. This option is sometimes selectable
through the front panel of the printer.
• If the printer supports the HP Tagged Binary
Communications Protocol. If this is the case, you must
enable filter 4 on the print server AppleTalk service via
the console as described in Appendix B.
Refer to your printer's documentation for additional
information. If neither of the above is true, the solution is to
print the files in ASCII mode, a mode that is supported in the
PRINT menu of most graphics programs including
QuarkXpress, Adobe Photoshop, and others. The only
drawback of ASCII mode is that print times will be longer
due to the increased file sizes.
Changing the Configuration (Optional)
You may use the Apple LaserWriter Utility or Apple Printer
Utility (or equivalent utility from your printer manufacturer)
to change the AppleTalk name of the TROY XCD print
server. You may also use NCP, TELNET, XCONFIG, or the
serial port to access the print server remote console to change
TROY XCD print server AppleTalk name and default zone
name, and to disable AppleTalk broadcasts. The exact
procedure and configuration commands are described in
Appendix A.
Note: A free unsupported version of TELNET is available on
the National Center for Supercomputer Applications (NCSA)
FTP site (ftp.ncsa.edu/Mac/Telnet/Telnet2.7).
This TELNET requires Mac TCP, which is standard with all
new versions of the Mac OS.
6-4 AppleTalk Network Configuration
7
Windows NT/LAN Server/Warp
Server Network Configuration
Overview
Users of Windows NT V3.5 or later (including Windows NT
Advanced Server) can print directly using the TCP/IP
protocol to printers that are equipped with a TROY XCD
print server. No special software is required on the Windows
NT system, and the printing operates transparently with any
application program.
TROY XCD print servers also support transparent printing
from IBM LAN Server and Warp Server file server, as well
as from OS/2 Warp Connect workstations, using the TCP/IP
protocol. TCP/IP is included standard with Warp Server and
with LAN Server V4.0, and is optional on LAN Server V3.x
systems. It is also included standard with OS/2 Warp
Connect, and is optional on earlier versions of OS/2.
In addition, client PCs connected to a Windows NT Advanced
Server or to an IBM LAN Server file server can print
transparently to the TROY XCD print server. In this case, the
client PCs typically use the NetBEUI protocol to print jobs to
the file server, which in turn spools the job to the TROY XCD
print server via TCP/IP. The advantage of TCP/IP compared to
other approaches is that it is a high-performance routable
industry-standard protocol.
Important: TROY XCD recommends TCP/IP for Windows
NT and OS/2 printing because it is routable and provides
Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration 7-1
higher performance. Some TROY XCD print server models
also support printing using the NetBEUI or DLC/LLC
protocols (refer to Chapter 1 for specific protocol support
information). Windows NT and OS/2 configuration using
these protocols is described in Chapters 9 and 10 of this
manual.
Windows NT IP Configuration
To configure a print queue from a Windows NT computer,
you must first configure an IP address in both the computer
and in the print server as follows:
1.
If you have not already done so, install TCP/IP on your
Windows NT system. This is done via the Network
icon in the Control Panel window of the Windows NT
system (the Control Panel is in the Main window on NT
V3.5x systems, or use the Start button on NT V4.xx to
access the Settings menu).
a. On NT V3.5x systems, select Add Software and add
TCP/IP Protocol and related components. Click
on Continue and choose the options TCP/IP
Network Printing Support and Connectivity
Options, and click on Continue again. Insert the
requested disk(s) to copy the required files.
b. On NT V4.xx systems, click on the Protocols tab,
select Add, and double click on TCP/IP protocol.
Insert the requested disk(s) to copy the required files.
Then click on the Services tab and double click on
Microsoft TCP/IP Printing. Again insert the
requested disk(s). Click on the Protocols tab when
then copying is finished.
7-2 Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration
Double click on the TCP/IP Protocol option and add the
host IP address, subnet mask, and gateway address.
Consult your system manager for these addresses. If you
are not directly connected to the Internet, you may assign
any arbitrary Class C address of the form
aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd, where aaa is any number from 192 to
222, bbb and ccc are any number from 0 to 255, and ddd
is any number from 0 to 254; for example, 192.189.207.3.
You may also use a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 with
no gateway address. If you have more than one LAN
adapter card, select the one you want to use for TCP/IP.
If you have more than one LAN adapter card, select the
one you want to use with TCP/IP. Click OK twice to
exit (you may need to restart the system).
2.
If you have not already configured the print server IP
address, you will need to do so now. The simplest way
to do this with Windows NT 4.x is to use XAdmin-32
as described in Chapter 3.
As an alternative, or if you have Windows NT 3.5x, you
may go to the MS-DOS Command Prompt and use the
arp -s command to enter the IP address into the TROY
XCD print server as shown in the following example:
arp -s 192.189.207.77 00-40-17-00-ed-d6
ping 192.189.207.77
Again, substitute your actual IP address for
192.189.207.77, and replace the 00-40-17-00-ed-d6
with the actual Ethernet hardware address of the TROY
XCD print server (which can be found on the label
affixed to the bottom of the box or via the printer self-
Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration 7-3
test). If you get the message "The arp entry addition
failed: 3", try pinging a known device on the network
using the command ping ipaddress , where ipaddress
is the IP address of that device.
Important: You must be on the same Ethernet
segment (that is, there cannot be a router between the
TROY XCD print server and the Windows NT system)
to use the arp -s command. If there is a router, you
may use BOOTP or other methods described in
Chapter 4 to enter the IP address. Also, this method
only works the first time the TROY XCD print server is
configured. If the TROY XCD print server already has
an IP address, you may use TELNET to access it and
change the IP address using the SET IP ADDRESS
command described in Appendix A.
Important: The TROY XCD print server has a default
IP address of 192.0.0.192 (192.189.207.254 on older
firmware versions). You must change this address to a
unique value to avoid having duplicate IP addresses.
Windows NT V4.xx Configuration
Note: If you have Windows NT V3.5 or V3.51, skip to the
next section.
1.
Go to the Start button, choose Settings, and then
select Printer. Double click on the Add Printer icon
to get the Add Printer Wizard. Click. Select My
Computer (Not Network Printer) and click on Next.
2.
Select Add Port, select LPR Port from the list of
available ports, and click on New Port.
7-4 Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration
3.
Type in the IP address that you wish to assign to the
print server in the Name or address of server
providing lpd: box. If you do not have a router on the
network, this IP address must match the first three
bytes of the IP address of your computer. For
example, if your computer has an IP address of
192.189.207.53, your print server must have an address
like 192.189.207.27.
4.
Type in the print server service name in the Name of
printer of print queue on that server: box. If you do
not know which service name to use, enter BINARY_P1
for the first parallel port, BINARY_S1 for the first serial
port, BINARY_P2 for the XConnect 100 second parallel
port, or BINARY_S2 for XConnect 100 second serial
port and then click on OK:
5.
Click on Close. The new print server IP address should
be listed and highlighted as an available port. Click on
Next.
6.
Select the desired printer manufacturer and model
(click Have Disk if your printer is not listed), and click
on Next.
7.
If the driver already exists, select Keep Existing
Driver (if it does not, this step will be skipped), and
then click on Next.
8.
If desired, change the name of the printer and/or make
it the default, and then click on Next.
9.
If desired, make the printer shared (so other users can
access it), and select the operating system(s) that these
other computers will be running. Click on Next.
Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration 7-5
10. Select Yes when you are asked "Would you like to print a
test page?" Click on Finish to complete the installation.
You may now print to the printer as if it were a local printer.
Windows NT V3.5x Configuration
If you have Windows NT or NT AS V3.5 or V3.51, use the
following procedure to configure the TROY XCD print server:
1.
Go to the Main window and elect Print Manager icon.
2.
Select Printer menu.
3.
Select Create Printer
4.
Enter any name for the printer for the Printer Name.
5.
Select Driver. Choose appropriate driver.
6 . Select Description. Enter anything.
7.
Select Print to.
8.
Select Other.
9. Select LPR Port.
10. Enter the TROY XCD print server IP address or name
(from HOSTS file) as the Name or Address of Host
Providing LPD.
11. Enter the TROY XCD print server service name as the
Name of Printer on That Machine. Generally
7-6 Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration
speaking, you should use the service BINARY_xx
(where "xx" is the P1 for the first parallel port, S1 for
the first serial port, P2 for the XConnect 100 second
parallel port, and S2 for the XConnect 100 second
serial port) to pass the data through unmodified.
LAN Server/Warp Server Configuration
TROY XCD print servers will work with IBM LAN Server/
Warp Server networks that have IBM TCP/IP V2.0 or later
software installed on the file server (TCP/IP is standard with
LAN Server V4.0 and later, and on Warp Server). Use the
following procedure to configure the TROY XCD print server
on an OS/2 LAN Server or Warp Server file server, or on a
OS/2 Warp Connect workstation:
Important: TROY XCD recommends TCP/IP for OS/2
printing because it is routable and provides higher
performance. Some TROY XCD print server models also
support OS/2 printing using the NetBEUI or DLC/LLC
protocols (refer to Chapter 1 for specific protocol support
information). OS/2 configuration using these protocols is
described in Chapters 9 and 10 of this manual.
1.
Make sure that TCP/IP software is installed on your
OS/2 file server. If you have not already done so, open
the TCP/IP folder on the desktop, and double click on
the TCP/IP Configuration icon to add the IP address
to the OS/2 file server (consult your system manager
for this address).
2.
Add the TROY XCD print server name to the HOSTS file
(usually located in the \tcpip\etc directory; this step is
not required if you use the TROY XCD print server IP
Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration 7-7
address as the name). To do this, go to the OS/2 System
icon, open the Command Prompts folder, and double
click on the OS/2 Window icon. Use the OS/2 editor and
add the an entry similar to the following:
192.189.207.77
xps
Substitute the name of the TROY XCD print server (any
unique name will do) and the desired IP address in place
of xps and 192.189.207.77 in the above example.
3.
While still at the OS/2 prompt, use the following
command to enter the IP address into the TROY XCD
print server:
arp -s xps 00:40:17:00:ed:d6 temp
Again, substitute your actual name and IP address for
xps and 192.189.207.77 , and replace the
00:40:17:00:ed:d6 with the actual Ethernet hardware
address of the TROY XCD print server (which can be
found on the label affixed to the TROY XCD print
server box or via the printer self-test; note that you
should use colons rather than hyphens to separate the
bytes of the hardware address). The IP address will be
set when you ping the print server in the next step.
Important: You must be on the same Ethernet
segment (that is, there cannot be a router between the
TROY XCD print server and the OS/2 system). If there
is a router, you may use BOOTP or other methods
described in Chapter 4 to enter the IP address. Also,
this method only works the first time the TROY XCD
print server is configured. If the TROY XCD print
server already has an IP address, you may use
7-8 Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration
TELNET to access it and change the IP address using
the SET IP ADDRESS command described in Appendix
A.
4.
Set the IP address and verify the connection by using
the ping command with the address or name of the
TROY XCD print server. For example:
ping 192.189.207.77
ping xps
or
Again, substitute your actual name and IP address in
place of xps and 192.189.207.77 in the above
examples. You should get a response back from the
TROY XCD print server if the IP address has been set
and the print server is alive on the network. If you do
not, run the printer self-test as described in Chapter 2
and verify that you have entered the correct IP address.
5.
From the OS/2 desktop open the Templates folder.
Use the right mouse button to drag the Printer icon (not
the Network Printer icon) onto the desktop.
6.
The Create a Printer window should be open (if it is
not, double click on the printer icon).
-
Type in any name for the printer.
-
Select the default printer driver. If the desired
printer driver is not listed, click on the Install new
Printer Driver button and add the driver.
-
Choose the output port. IBM TCP/IP automatically
creates 8 named pipes called \PIPE\LPD0 through
Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration 7-9
\PIPE\LPD7 .
Pick an unused one and double click
on it.
Important Note: Early versions of Warp Server
have a bug in which the named pipes do not appear
(the problem does not affect Warp Connect or LAN
Server). This problem is fixed via a patch available
from IBM.
You will get the Settings window. Enter the
following:
LPD server
LPD printer
The TROY XCD print
server name (from HOSTS
file) or IP address.
For most applications, use the
TROY XCD print server
binary service
BINARY_P1 (for the
the first parallel port),
BINARY_S1 (for the serial
port), BINARY_P2 (for the
XConnect 100 second
parallel port), and
BINARY_S2 (for the
XConnect 100 second
serial port) to pass
data through unmodified.
However, if you are printing
text files from the DOS or
OS/2 command prompt, you
should use the text service
TEXT_P1, which will add
7-10 Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration
n
Host name
User
carriage returns for proper
formatting of the data (but
will potentially distort
graphics printouts).
The IP name of the OS/2
file server
The IP address of the OS/2
file server
You may leave the other entries blank. Click on
the OK button. The pipe should be highlighted; if
not click on it.
7.
Click on the Create button to create the printer.
Open the LAN Services folder and execute the LAN
Requester program:
-
Select
Select
Select
Select
Definitions
Aliases
Printers
Create. Enter the following:
Alias
Should be same as the
printer name previously
defined
Description
Anything you want
Server name
Name of OS/2 server
Spooler queue
Name of printer as defined
previously
Maximum number Leave blank unless you want
of users
to limit the number of users
-
Exit the LAN Requester program.
Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration 7-11
8.
You should now be able to print. To test the queue,
type the following from either the OS/2 command
prompt or from a DOS workstation:
COPY C:\CONFIG.SYS \\ servername \ alias
where servername is the name of the file server and
alias is the alias name that you specified during this
configuration process. This should print the
CONFIG.SYS file on the printer. Note that if you
selected a binary service as the LPD printer name, the
lines will be staggered; don't worry about this because
normal DOS, Windows, and OS/2 applications will
print OK.
9.
The TROY XCD print server will appear as a standard
OS/2 printer to application programs. To make the
TROY XCD print server operate transparently with
DOS programs, execute the following command on
each workstation:
NET USE LPT1: \\ servername \ alias
This will make the printer and the TROY XCD print
server appear to the software as a printer that is directly
connected to the parallel port of the workstation.
7-12 Windows NT/LAN Server Configuration
8
Windows 95/98 Peer-to-Peer
Configuration
Overview
The Windows 95 and Windows 98 operating systems feature
a built-in peer-to-peer networking capability that allows
network printing without a central file server. TROY XCD
print servers support this capability using either the Direct
Mode IPX or TCP/IP protocols.
Note: TROY XCD recommends using Direct Mode IPX or
TCP/IP for Windows 95/98 Peer-to-Peer printing because these
protocols are routable and provide the highest performance.
Some TROY XCD print server models also support the NetBEUI
protocol for printing from Windows 95 computers (refer to
Chapter 1 for protocol support information). Refer to Chapter
9 for information on using NetBEUI.
Configuring the Windows 95/98 PC
To use a peer-to-peer print queue from a Windows 95/98
workstation, first make sure that the following items are
configured in the Network Control Panel:
•
•
Client for Microsoft Networks
IPX/SPX-Compatible Protocol or TCP/IP Protocol
(TCP/IP requires V3.46 or later firmware and is not
supported on older versions of JetAdmin; if you are using
TCP/IP, both your PC and print server must be
configured with a valid IP address; refer to chapter 3 for
Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer Configuration 8-1
information on setting the print server IP address with
XAdmin32)
HP JetAdmin (only required in the Control Panel if you
have a version of JetAdmin earlier than V2.33)
The appropriate network adapter driver (for example,
3Com EtherLink III)
•
•
If you want to use a version of JetAdmin later than 2.0, you
must install JetAdmin on your PC. JetAdmin is included on
the Windows 95 distribution CD, or it can be downloaded
from the HP web site. The JetAdmin setup program provides
a step-by-step guide through the installation process.
Important: JetAdmin 3.3 or later requires XJet firmware
version 3.58 or higher.
Important: Windows 98 requires either JetAdmin V2.54
(this version can be installed from the Microsoft Windows
98 CD by running the SETUP.EXE file in the
DRIVERS/PRINTERS/JETADMIN/DISK1/
directory) or V3.30 or later (available on the HP web
site).
Configuring Windows 95/98 Peer-to-Peer (JetAdmin V3.0
and above)
1.
Go the Start button, choose Programs, HP JetAdmin
Utilities and then Add HP JetDirect Printers. Select
Custom Setup and press Next.
2.
Select either IPX/SPX or TCP/IP printer, depending on
which protocol you want to use. Click on Printer List
to get a list of available printers (or you may manually
enter the information).
8-2 Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer Configuration
3.
Click on the print server name (XCD_xxxxxx_P1 is the
default name for IPX/SPX and XCD_xxxxxx is the
default for TCP/IP, where "xxxxxx" is the last six digits
of the Ethernet address) and press OK and then Next.
Note that if you have an multiple ports enabled, the
print server name will show up twice in the list; you
may click on either name to configure it.
4.
Select the desired port (port #1 for the first parallel
port, and if present, port #2 for the first serial port, and
port #3 for the second parallel port (the XConnect 100
second serial port is not supported). Press Next.
5.
If you need to print from DOS, type in LPT2 or LPT3
as the port name (do not put in the colon). Do not use
LPT1 or any other physical port on the PC. If you do
not need to print from DOS, you may enter any name.
Click Next for TCP/IP or Finish for IPX/SPX.
Note: If you specify LPT2 or LPT3 you can ignore the
message about potential hardware conflicts if you do
not have physical ports with these names.
If you are using IPX/SPX, click Finish and skip to step
7. If you are using TCP/IP, click Next.
6.
If you are using TCP/IP, you can change the desired IP
address. Click on Finish to continue.
7.
Click OK when you get the message that the port has
been successfully created.
8.
Select the appropriate printer driver and click Next.
Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer Configuration 8-3
9.
Choose the port you created in step 5 and then click
Next.
10. Pick any name for the printer and click Next. Print a
test page if desired, and then press Finish.
Configuring Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer (JetAdmin V2.33
to 2.53)
1.
Go to the Start button, choose Settings, and then
select Printers. Click on the Add Printer icon,
click Next, select Local printer, and click Next
again.
2.
Select the appropriate printer driver and click Next.
Choose LPT1: as the port and click Next. Pick any
name for the printer and click Next. Do not print a
test page. Click Finish to complete the preliminary
printer installation.
3.
Click on the printer icon of the printer you just created.
From the File menu, choose the Properties and then
select the Details tab.
4.
Choose Add Port.
5.
Select Other.
6.
Choose HP JetDirect port, OK.
7.
Select IPX/SPX Printer (if you are using the IP/SPX
compatible protocol) or TCP/IP Printer (if you are
using TCP/IP) and click on Search. Select the desired
print server from the list and click OK (it is also
possible to manually type in the print server address,
8-4 Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer Configuration
name, and IP address). The print server information
will now be displayed. Click Next to continue.
8.
You will get the message that "The network device you
have selected has more than one port. Please select the
port used in your printer." Select port 1 or the first
parallel port, and if present, port 2 for the first serial
port, port 3 for the second parallel port, (the XConnect
100 second serial port is not supported), and then click
OK.
9.
If you need to print from DOS, type in LPT2 or LPT3
as the port name (do not put in the colon). Do not use
LPT1 or any other physical port on the PC. If you do
not need to print from DOS, you may enter any name.
Click Finish if you are using the IPX/SPX protocol or
Next if you are using TCP/IP.
10. If you are using TCP/IP, the IP address, subnet mask,
and gateway of the print server should be displayed.
Click Finish.
11. At the Details tab, the section "Print to the following
port" should read something similar to "LPT2 (HP
Direct Port)."
12. Click Apply and then OK to exit the Properties menu.
You should now be able to print to the new printer
from either Windows 95 or DOS applications.
Configuring Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer (pre-V2.33)
1.
Click on Next, Select Network Printer and click on
Next again.
Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer Configuration 8-5
2.
Select Browse, double click the HP_Network_Printers
icon, and then select the print server name server name
(default name is XCD_xxxxxx_pp , where "xxxxxx" is
the last six digits of the Ethernet address and "pp" is P1
for the first parallel port, and if present, S1 for the first
serial port, P2 for the second parallel port; the
XConnect 100 second serial port is not supported).
Click on Next.
Please note pre-V2.33 versions of JetAdmin do not
support Peer-to-Peer printing from DOS applications
(this is a Microsoft/HP bug).
3.
Select the desired printer manufacturer and model
(click Have Disk if your printer is not listed), and click
on Next.
4.
If the driver already exists, select Keep Existing
Driver (if it does not, this step will be skipped), and
then click on Next.
5.
If desired, change the name of the printer and/or make
it the default, and then click on Next.
6.
If desired, you may print a test page (this may take a
few minutes to print). Click on Finish to complete the
installation. You may now print to the printer as if it
were a local printer
8-6 Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer Configuration
9
Microsoft Network Configuration
(NetBEUI or NetBIOS/IP with
Windows 95/98, Windows NT,
OS/2 Warp/LAN Server)
Overview
Certain TROY XCD external print server models support the
NetBEUI and NetBIOS/IP protocols for printing on Microsoftcompatible networks (refer to chapter 1 for specific protocol
support information). Because they also support the SMB
protocol, TROY XCD print servers automatically appear in the
Windows Network Neighborhood and can be managed using
standard operating system utilities.
Note: The workstation will automatically use NetBIOS/IP if
TCP/IP is enabled on it. It will use NetBEUI only if TCP/IP
is not available.
Note: NetBIOS/IP operation and support for more than one
port requires V3.62 or later firmware. The latest firmware is
available on the Internet at http://
www.troyxcd.com.
Important: If you are using NetBIOS/IP, you must first
configure the print server with a valid IP address using the
XAdmin32 utility as described in Chapter 3. You may also
NetBEUI Configuration 9-1
need to set the WINS primary and secondary servers using
the commands SET NETBIOS METHOD, SET NETBIOS
PRIMARY, and SET NETBIOS SECONDARY commands from
the print server console as described in Appendix A. This is
not required if you are using NetBEUI only.
Print Server Configuration
To use the print server with a Microsoft network, you must
know which domain it resides on. By default, Microsoft
networks use the domain name WORKGROUP, so if you
have not specifically configured a domain name for your
network, you may use the name WORKGROUP and skip the
remainder of this section.
If you have a different domain name, then you must
configure this name into the print server. To do this, you
may use XAdmin32, XAdmin, WebXAdmin, or the print
server console to connect to the print server (refer to Chapter
3 for information on installing and using these utilities):
• With XAdmin32, double click on the print server name
and then click on the Microsoft tab. Then enter the
desired domain name.
• With WebXAdmin, click on Configure Microsoft and
then enter the desired domain name.
• With the print server console, enter the command:
SET NETB DOMAIN domainname ,
where domainname is the desired domain name.
9-2 NetBEUI Configuration
Windows 95/98 and Windows NT Port
Monitor Installation
Although it is possible to install the TROY XCD print server
as a network printer on Windows 95/98 or Windows NT, this
procedure is not recommended unless you have a very simple
network. The reason is that these operating systems do not
adequately support queuing print jobs from multiple host
computers to a diskless print server (the queues may stop).
To get around this problem, TROY XCD provides a port
monitor that installs on the Windows 95/98 or NT computer.
This port monitor acts like a local printer port, and therefore
operates transparently with all Windows software. If you did
not receive this software on CD-ROM or diskette, you may
download it from the TROY XCD web site (http://
www.troyxcd.com).
To install the port monitor, go the Start button, select Run
and click Browse.. Choose the appropriate drive, and if you
are installing from CD-ROM, open the Monitors folder.
Double click on the SETUP program. Follow the
instructions on the screen to complete the installation.
1.
Click Next at the welcome screen.
2.
Select Next at the Choose Destination Location
screen (or Browse to choose a different folder).
3.
Select Next at the Select Program Folder screen (or
select an existing folder from the list).
4.
Click Yes when asked if you would like to configure a
NetBIOS Port.
NetBEUI Configuration 9-3
5.
You will be asked to enter a port name, which must
begin with "NB" (for example NB23). Enter the
desired name or accept the default NB1. Click OK.
6.
Select Browse when asked for the Remote Print Server.
- Choose the desired workgroup and click Next.
- Choose the TROY XCD print server from the list of
available devices. The default name of the print
server is XCD_xxxxxx, where "xxxxxx" is the last six
digits of the Ethernet address (for example,
XCD_035893).
- Choose the desired printer (service) from the list.
The default service is BINARY_P1 for the parallel
port, BINARY_S1 for the serial port, BINARY_P2
for the XConnect 100 second parallel port, and
BINARY_S2 for the second serial port..
- Click Finish and then OK.
7.
Click Finish to restart the computer.
Note: Print servers with firmware versions 3.58 and earlier
use an address of the form \\XCD_xxxxxx_pp \ pp,
where "xxxxxx" is the last six digits of the Ethernet address
and "pp" is the port name (P1 for the parallel port, S1 for the
serial pot, P2 for the second parallel port, and S2 for the
second serial port).
You must then create a local (not network) printer on your
system that uses this port. First go the Networks icon in the
Control Panel on your workstation and make sure that you
have the following enabled:
- TCP/IP or NetBEUI protocol
- Client for Microsoft Network
- Appropriate Ethernet LAN adapter card
9-4 NetBEUI Configuration
The procedures for doing this are as follows:
Windows 95/98 Printer Installation
1.
Go to the Start button, choose Settings, and then
select Printer. Click on the Add Printer icon, click
Next, select Local printer, and click Next again.
2.
Select the appropriate printer driver and click Next. Choose
NB1 as the port (unless you changed the name to something
else) and click Next. Pick any name for the printer and click
Next. If desired, print a test page. Click Finish to complete
the preliminary printer installation.
Windows NT 4.x Printer Installation
1.
Go to the Start button, choose Settings, and then
select Printer. Click on the Add Printer icon, select
My Computer, and click Next again.
2.
Choose NB1 as the port (unless you changed the name to
something else) and click Next. Select the appropriate
printer driver and click Next. Pick any name for the
printer and click Next. Selected Shared or Not Shared,
depending on whether you want other computers to
access the printer. If desired, print a test page. Click
Finish to complete the preliminary printer installation.
LAN SERVER/WARP SERVER
CONFIGURATION
OS/2 File Server Configuration:
1.
Open the Templates folder on the OS/2 desktop.
NetBEUI Configuration 9-5
2.
Using the right mouse button, drag the Printer
template onto the desktop.
3.
Type in any desired name for the printer from the
Create a Printer window.
4.
Choose an unused port (for example, LPT3) to connect
to the printer.
5.
Choose the appropriate printer driver from the list.
6.
Click Create and then OK.
7.
If desired, indicate whether you want to share the printer.
OS/2 Workstation Configuration:
On each workstation that you wish to print from, execute the
following step:
1
Go to the DOS or OS/2 command prompt and enter the
command:
NET USE LPTx: \\servername\servicename
where “x” is the LPT port number (1 through 9),
servername is the print server name (XCD_xxxxxx) by
default, where “xxxxxx” is the last six digits of
Ethernet address and servicename is the service name,
(BINARY_P1, BINARY_S1, BINARY_P2, or
BINARY_S2)
NET USE LPT2: \\XCD_002477\BINARY_P1
9-6 NetBEUI Configuration
10
DLC/LLC Configuration
Overview
Certain TROY XCD external print server models support the DLC/
LLC protocol, a simple protocol that is supported on a wide range
of network operating systems (refer to chapter 1 for specific print
server protocol support information). DLC/LLC is included as a
standard part of Windows NT and Windows NT AS. It can be used
on other systems with the addition of vendor supplied software that
supports the Hewlett-Packard JetDirect card.
Important Note: The DLC protocol cannot be enabled on
more than one print server service, and is therefore limited to a
single port. By default, print jobs will go the first parallel port.
Because DLC is a non-routable protocol, there cannot be a
router between the print server and the sending computer.
Configuring DLC/LLC on Windows NT
To use DLC/LLC on Windows NT, you must first install the
DLC protocol:
1.
Go to the NT Control Panel and double click on the
Network icon.
2.
Click Add Software
3.
On Windows NT 3.xx systems, select Add Software.
On Windows NT 4.xx systems, click on the Protocols
tab, and click Add.
DLC Configuration 10-1
4.
Select DLC Protocol. Click Continue (for 3.xx
systems) or Close (for 4.xx systems).
5.
Reboot your system to make the change take effect.
Windows NT 4.xx Printer Setup
1.
From the Start menu, select Settings and then Printers.
Double click on Add Printer.
2.
Select My Computer and then click Next.
3.
Select Add a Port.
4.
Select Hewlett-Packard Network Port and then click
New Port
5.
A list of available print server Ethernet addresses
appears in the larger box under Card Address. Select
the address of the desired print server (the address is
on the label affixed to the print server, or it can be
gotten through the self-test page). The selected print
server address will then appear in the smaller box
under Card Address.
6.
Type in any desired name for the port (the name must
not be the name of an existing port or DOS device,
such as LPT1) and click OK and Close.
7.
The Printer Ports menu will appear. The name you
selected in step 6 will appear as a checked port in the
list of available ports. Click Next.
8.
Select the desired printer manufacturer and model and
click Next.
10-2 DLC Configuration
9.
Give a name to the printer. If desired, select the
printer as the default.
10.
Select Shared or Not Shared. If shared, select the
type of operating systems that will be printing to it.
11.
Select whether or not you want a test page, and then
select Finish.
12.
You will need to reboot your system in order to make
the change take effect.
Windows NT 3.xx Printer Setup
1.
From the Windows NT Main group, double click on the
Print Manager icon.
2.
Select Printer from the menu bar and click on Create
Printer.
3.
Enter any desired name for the printer in the Printer
Name box.
4.
Select the printer model in the Driver menu.
5.
Choose Other (or Network Printer for V3.1 systems)
from the Print to menu.
6.
Click on Hewlett-Packard Network Port.
7.
Type in your desired name for the port (this name must
not be an existing port or DOS device, such as LPT1).
8.
The Ethernet addresses of available print servers will
appear in the Card Address menu. Select the desired
DLC Configuration 10-3
address (the address is on the label affixed to the print
server, or it can be gotten through the self-test page)
and then click OK.
9.
If you want to share the printer, click Share the
Printer on the Network.
10.
Click OK
11.
If necessary, select the appropriate printer options and
then click OK.
Configuring DLC/LLC on Other Systems
To use DLC/LLC on other network systems, you will
generally need vendor supplied software. Typically such
software is designed to support the HP JetDirect print server.
Follow the vendor's instructions to install the DLC protocol
on your system.
Once the protocol is installed, you create a network port in a
manner similar to the Windows NT procedure described in
the previous sections. The Ethernet address of the print
server should automatically appear during the configuration
process.
The final step is to create a printer using the normal
operating system printer setup method. The only difference
is that instead of connecting the printer to the LPT1 parallel
port, you point it to the network port you just created.
Note: TROY XCD does not recommend using the DLC
protocol with Windows for Workgroups 3.11 in a peer-topeer configuration if the printer will be heavily used. This is
because jobs may be rejected due to print spooler timeouts.
10-4 DLC Configuration
The best solution in these situations is to set up one PC as a
server for handling network print jobs. All of the other PCs
send their print jobs to the server PC using NetBEUI or TCP/
IP, and the server PC then uses DLC to send the print jobs to
the TROY XCD print server.
DLC Configuration 10-5
10-6 DLC Configuration
11
LAT Network Configuration
Overview
TROY XCD print servers equipped with the LAT protocol are
compatible with the Digital Equipment DECserver family of
terminal servers. This means that if you are already familiar
with configuring DECservers or compatible terminal servers
in your network, you can use similar procedures to configure
the TROY XCD print server.
TROY XCD Print Server LAT Concepts
The TROY XCD print server is a node on the Ethernet that
offers a printing service to other nodes on the network. A
node is simply a device, such as a host computer, terminal
server, or print server. Every node on the network has a
unique name, so the TROY XCD print server comes
preconfigured with the name "XCD_" followed by the last six
digits of the Ethernet address (for example, "XCD_00C351").
The TROY print server comes preconfigured to run on a LAT
network without any additional setup. The configuration can
be changed if necessary by using the NCP, NCL, or ccr
facility on your host computer, or via the XConnect II or
XConnect 100 serial port; this procedure is described in
Appendix A of this manual. Note that in most cases it is not
necessary to change the configuration.
LAT Network Configuration 11-1
To use the TROY XCD print server with a VMS host
computer, you will first need to create a LAT application
port on the host. A LAT application port allows a program
to send and receive data over a LAT connection as if it were
communicating with a directly-connected physical port. You
will then need to associate a print queue with this port.
VMS LAT Host Configuration
The configuration process requires that you have system
manager privileges. Before beginning the LAT configuration process, you must first make sure that LAT has been
started on your system. If you are currently using terminal
servers on your network, then LAT has probably already
been activated. If LAT is not started, then you need to
execute the following command before proceeding with
configuration of the TROY XCD print server:
@SYS$STARTUP:LAT$STARTUP
1. Before creating print queue, you will need to determine
the following:
•
The VMS queue name. This can be any unique
name (do a SHOW QUEUE command at the VMS
prompt to list the existing queues).
•
The LAT application port. This name of this port
is LTAxxx, where "xxx" is any unused number (do
a SHOW PORT command in the VMS LATCP
program to see the existing ports).
•
The TROY XCD print server node name and
port name . The default node name is
XCD_xxxxxx, where "xxxxxx" is the last six digits
11-2 LAT Network Configuration
of the Ethernet address (for example,
XCD_00C3E4). You can get the name of your print
server by running the TROY XCD print server selftest (refer to Chapter 2 for information on running
the self-test), or with the SHOW SERVER
command from the TROY XCD print server
console. The port name is P1 for the first parallel
port. If you have an XConnect II or XConnect 100,
the names of the additional ports are as follows:
XConnect II serial port
XConnect II parallel port with LN03 option
XConnect 100 first serial port
XConnect 100 second parallel port
XConnect 100 second serial port
S1
LN
S1
P2
S2
Please note that the name of the XConnect 100
parallel port is P1, even if the LN03 option is
installed.
Important: If you wish to use a different node name,
you must change the print server name as described in
as described in Appendix A.
2. Use the VMS editor to create a text file with the
necessary configuration commands (alternatively, you
may edit the file LAT$SYSTARTUP.COM for VMS
5.5-x and later systems or LTLOAD.COM for earlier
VMS systems). For instance, the following sample
command file creates a queue named XCD on LAT port
33 for a TROY print server with a default node name of
XCD_00C351 using the LATSYM processor and the
default VMS form:
LAT Network Configuration 11-3
$MCR LATCP
CREATE PORT LTA33:/APPLICATION
SET PORT LTA33:/NODE=XCD_003C51/PORT=P1
SHOW PORT LTA33:
EXIT
$SET TERM LTA33:/PASTHRU/TAB/NOBROADCAST/PERM
$SET DEVICE/SPOOL LTA33:
$INIT/QUEUE/START/ON=LTA33:/PROC=LATSYM XCD
Substitute your actual node name, port name (P1, S1,
P2, S2, or LN), LAT port and queue name for the ones
in the example. If you are using a service name,
specify
/SERVICE= servicenam e instead of /PORT=P1 .
Important: Use the default names unless you have
specifically changed the names via the TROY XCD
print server remote console.
Important: Be sure to specify PROC=LATSYM or the
queue will not service requests from multiple host
computers.
3. Execute the command file you have just created by
typing "@" plus the file name in response to the VMS
"$" prompt (for example, @LATSTART.COM ). For
additional convenience, you may want to include the
"@filename " command in your system startup file so
that the procedure is executed automatically when the
system is booted.
4. Define or modify a form for use with the TROY XCD
print server. VMS uses forms to define the page
layout. If you are printing graphics or PostScript jobs,
you must define your form for NOTRUNCATE and
11-4 LAT Network Configuration
to prevent printer errors. For example, to
redefine the VMS default form DEFAULT, you would
type the following at the "$" prompt:
NOWRAP
DEFINE/FORM DEFAULT/NOTRUNCATE/NOWRAP
If you are defining a new form, be sure to specify
STOCK=DEFAULT (unless you are using a special stock)
and initialize the queue with the DEFAULT=FORM option.
For example, to create a form called PCL for the queue
XCD on LAT port LTA33:, you would type:
DEFINE/FORM PCL/NOTRUNC/NOWRAP/STOCK=DEFAULT
INIT/QUEUE/START/ON=LTA33:/PROC=LATSYM/DEFAULT=FORM=PCL XCD
5. You are now ready to print. Use the PRINT command
with the name of the queue and the file you wish to
print as shown in the following example:
PRINT/QUEUE=XCD MYFILE.TXT
If the file does not print, recheck the hardware and
software configuration, and then try printing again. If
the file still does not print, refer to the Chapter 10,
Troubleshooting, for further assistance.
Eliminating Blank Pages (Optional)
When Hewlett-Packard printers are used with VMS, a blank
page is often printed after each job. To eliminate this blank
page, first create a text file with the following contents:
<ESC>]VMS;2<ESC>\
LAT Network Configuration 11-5
where <ESC> is the escape character (ASCII 27) and the
"VMS" must be in uppercase characters. Then insert this file
into your default library (normally SYSDEVCTL.TLB), and
specify it as a setup module in your form (stop and reset all
queues that use the library before doing this procedure). For
example:
$LIB/INS SYS$SYSROOT:[SYSLIB]SYSDEVCTL.TLB NOBL
$DEF/FORM PCL/SETUP=NOBL
The above example inserts the file NOBL.TXT into the
default library and then redefines the form PCL (previously
defined in step 4) to eliminate blank pages.
Note: This procedure is not required for DECprint
Supervisor (DCPS).
PATHWORKS for DOS Configuration
The instructions for configuring a PATHWORKS print queue
depend on whether you have V4.X or V5.X.
PATHWORKS V5.X Server Setup Instructions:
To print from PATHWORKS V5.X, you must first create a
LAN Manager printer destination, and then you must make it
shareable. The procedure is as follows:
1. To create a LAN Manager printer destination, use one of
the following methods (note that by default the printer
name you supply also identifies the printer destination,
a default LAN Manager print queue, and a VMS print
queue):
11-6 LAT Network Configuration
-
Type ADMINISTRATE/PATHWORKS from the VMS
prompt to enter the Server Admin interface. Then
select Printer Destinations option from the View
Menu and enter the required information.
OR
-
Use the MANAGEWORKS program on a
PATHWORKS PC. Select the desired server,
choose the Create option from the Actions menu,
and then choose the LAN Manager Printer Queue
option (the Create LM Print Queue dialog box
will be displayed). In the Print Destinations
section of the dialog box, choose ADD.
These two methods will automatically create a
VMS print queue and a default LAN Manager print
queue associated with the printer destination.
2. To share a LAN Manager print queue:
-
From the Server Admin interface, choose the
Shared resources option from the View menu.
-
From the MANAGEWORKS interface, select the
desired server, choose the Create option from the
Actions menu, and choose LAN Manager Shared
Printer.
-
At the VMS Command line, type the command:
NET SHARE sharename = printername
LAT Network Configuration 11-7
where sharename is the share name associated with
the print queue and printername is the name of the
printer from Step 1.
PATHWORKS V4.X Server Setup Instructions:
1. Create a VMS queue as described in previous sections.
2. Run PCSA_MANAGER on the VMS system.
a. Type MENU to get the PCSA menu.
b. Select SERVICE OPTIONS
c. Select ADD SERVICE (do not use the ADD
PRINTER QUEUE option, as this will add a PCL
printer reset that will affect PostScript printing.
d. Select PRINTER SERVICE
e. Enter service name (pick any name)
f. Enter VMS queue name (previously defined)
g. Enter VMS form name (use the default if you do
not have a specific form defined)
PC Setup Instructions (All Versions):
1. Perform the following steps on the PC to connect to the
print service you created in the previous steps:
a. If you are using DOS, type the command USE
LPTx:\\node\service at the DOS prompt, where
x is the PC parallel port number, node is the
DECnet node name and service is the service name
picked previously. For example:
USE LPT1:\\VAX\LASER
11-8 LAT Network Configuration
You may delete this print service by typing LATCP
at the C:> prompt and then entering the command
DELETE LPT1:
b. If you are using WINDOWS, first make sure that
you have selected DEC PATHWORKS as the
network under the Windows Setup icon. Then:
-
-
-
-
Click on the Print Manager icon and select
Options and then Printer Setup
Click Add, go to the List of Printers, select the
desired printer type, and click Install. If
desired, click Set as Default Printer.
Click Connect and select the desired port (e.g.,
LPT1)
Click Network and select the port you chose
above and type in the network path
(\\node\service , where node is the DECnet
node name and service is the service name
picked previously; for example, \\VAX\LASER )
Click Connect (the Current Printer
Connection should show the port and the
network path that you selected)
Click Close, OK, Close, and Exit to get out of
the Print Manager
PATHWORKS for Macintosh Configuration
If you are using PATHWORKS for Macintosh, you will need
to make sure that you have a bidirectional channel (in other
words, you did NOT enter the command SET SERVICE
servicename RECEIVE ENABLED from the TROY XCD
print server remote console). Then create a LAT port using
LATCP as shown in the following example (substitute your
actual node name and LAT port number):
LAT Network Configuration 11-9
CREATE PORT LTA53:/APPLICATION
SET PORT LTA53:/NODE=XCD_009C53/PORT=P1
Do not set the LAT port as a spooled device. Now go into
ADMIN/MSA and enter the command :
ADD PRINTER name /QUEUE= queuename /DEST=LTA53:
where name is the name of the printer, and queuename is the
queue name.
DECprint Supervisor Configuration Notes
If you want to use a TROY XCD print server with the
DECprint Supervisor software, you must have the DCPSOpen option in order to support Hewlett-Packard printers
(you may also need to modify the DCPS device control
modules and queue setup to handle "unrecognized" printers).
Do not use the print server console command SET
SERVICE RECEIVE, because bidirectional
communications is required for DCPS.
Important: DCPS requires that the printer be forced into
PostScript mode. It will NOT work if the printer is set to
autosense between PCL and PostScript.
Important: If you are using the parallel port on the printer,
the port must be compatible with the IEEE P1284 bitronics
bidirectional standard.
Installation on Other Host Computers
Installation procedures differ somewhat for other DEC
11-10 LAT Network Configuration
operating systems (e.g., RSTS/E and RSX-11M-PLUS).
Refer to the appropriate DEC documentation for information
on setting up LAT print queues on these systems.
Changing the Configuration (Optional)
The print server default configuration is adequate for most
applications. However, if you wish to change the
configuration, you may access the print server console via
the NCP or NCL utilities on a VMS system, the ccr or
TELNET commands on an ULTRIX computer, or through
the serial port using DECserver-style commands. The
configuration procedure is described in detail in Appendix A.
LAT Network Configuration 11-11
11-12 LAT Network Configuration
12
Banyan VINES Network
Configuration
Overview
TROY XCD print servers that include the Banyan VINES IP
protocol (refer to chapter 1 for specific protocol support
information) allow printers to be shared on a Banyan VINES
network. Users on client PCs send their jobs to any VINES file
server running the Banyan PCPrint software, which in turn
spools the jobs to the TROY XCD print server and the printer.
Printing is transparent to user applications, and the print server
can be managed using standard VINES utilities like
MANAGE, MSERVICE, MUSER, and the Operator Console
printer control. In addition, VINES users can print
concurrently with users of NetWare, TCP/IP, and AppleTalk.
In order to use a TROY XCD print server on a VINES
network, you will need the following:
• Banyan's PCPrint software (a Banyan-supplied software
option that is installed on the VINES file server)
• Optional Banyan firmware on the TROY XCD external
print server
• TROY XCD XAdmin 16-bit utility software (on TROY
XCD Print Server Software diskette or CD-ROM) or
access to print server console via serial port, or through
TELNET, DEC NCP or NCL, or TROY XCD XCONFIG
Banyan VINES Installation 12-1
NetWare utilities (refer to Appendix A of the TROY XCD
print server manual for information on using the console).
Note: The new XAdmin32 32-bit utility does not
currently work on a Banyan VINES workstation unless the
workstation is also running TCP/IP or NetWare.
A. File Server User Configuration
The first step in the configuration process is to configure the
file server so that the TROY XCD print server can log into
the Banyan VINES network. To do this, you will need to
configure a StreetTalk user name for the print server (all
VINES print servers log into the file server as users).
1.
From any VINES workstation log in as a supervisor and
execute the MANAGE program by typing MANAGE at
the DOS prompt.
2.
At the main menu, select 2 - Users and press ENTER.
3.
You will get the Manage Users screen. Select ADD a
user to get the Add A User screen. Type in a
StreetTalk name for the desired TROY XCD print
server service. You may optionally type in a
description, nickname, and a password. Press the F10
key when you are finished.
4.
You will then get the Add User Profile screen. Select
a blank user profile and then press ENTER. If there is
no existing blank profile, the select the Sample Profile.
12-2 Banyan VINES Installation
5.
You will get the message "Do you want to force the
user to change passwords on the next login?". Select
No and press ENTER.
6.
You will then get the Manage A User screen. If you
selected a blank user profile in step 4, you can skip to
step 8. Otherwise, use the arrow keys to select
MANAGE User Profile and press ENTER.
7.
You will get the Manage User Profile screen. Execute
the following steps to create a blank user profile:
- Select EDIT profile
- When the profile appears on the screen, press CTRLX multiple times to delete every line in the profile,
and press F10 when you have finished. You may
then use this newly created blank profile as a
template when configuring additional TROY XCD
print servers. Then press ESCAPE to return to the
Manage a User screen.
8.
Press ESCAPE twice to return to the main menu.
B. File Server Queue Configuration
You must now configure the queue(s) on the Banyan VINES
file servers. Print queues are one of several different types
of services that are available on a VINES file server. You
may configure several print queues for a single TROY XCD
print server. For example, one print queue could be for
printing jobs to the print server parallel port, while another
would be for the serial port. To configure a print queue, use
the MANAGE utility as follows:
Banyan VINES Installation 12-3
1.
From the main menu, select 1 - Services and press
ENTER.
2.
You will get the Manage Services menu. Select ADD
a server-based service and press ENTER.
3.
From the Add A Service screen type the desired
StreetTalk name for the print queue, press ENTER,
and then type in a description of the print server
followed by ENTER.
4.
Select the desired file server (if there is more than one)
and press ENTER.
5.
When you get the Select Type Of Service screen,
select 3 - VINES print service (for VINES 5.xx) or 2 Banyan Print Service (for VINES 6.xx) and press
ENTER.
6.
Use the arrow keys to select the disk where the print
queue service will reside and press ENTER.
7.
You will get the message "The service is running but
not yet available to users." Press F10.
8.
If desired, type in the maximum number of jobs and
maximum size of job for the queue when you get the
Configure Queue screen. Otherwise press F10 for
unlimited number and size.
9.
If desired, choose a default paper format when you get
the Configure Paper Formats screen. Otherwise,
press F10 to select the defaults.
12-4 Banyan VINES Installation
10. If desired, enter the user names who are authorized to
use the printer when you get the Access Lists screen.
Otherwise, press F10 to accept the defaults.
11. If you have a VINES 5.xx system, you may optionally
enter the users to be notified in the event of printer
problems when you get the Alert list screen.
Otherwise, press F10 to accept the defaults (not
applicable for VINES 6.xx).
12. When you get the Add A Destination screen, use the
arrow keys to select PCPrint and press ENTER.
IMPORTANT NOTE: If the PCPrint option is not
installed, PCPrint will not appear on this screen. You
must have PCPrint installed in order to use a TROY
XCD print server.
13. When you get the Destination Attributes screen, enter
the StreetTalk name of the TROY XCD print server
(from step A-3) and an optional description. Press F10.
14. You will get the Output strings menu. This screen
allows you to define strings of characters that can be
sent before and after the print job to put the printer in a
particular state (for example, duplex mode). The
default values work OK for most applications.
However, if you are printing text files directly from the
DOS prompt, you should define a Post-job string such
as \f (formfeed) to insure that the paper is ejected
(this is generally not needed with DOS or Windows
application programs, since the program or drivers
reset the printer after each job, and it may cause
problems with binary graphics files). Press F10 to
accept the output string values.
Banyan VINES Installation 12-5
15. You will then get the Enable strings menu. This menu
allows you to select whether or not a banner page is
printed, whether or not to use the setup and reset
strings, and other options. Choose the desired options
or press F10 to select the defaults.
16. You will be asked "Would you like to add another
destination at this time?" Select No.
17. You will then get the Print Queue Status screen, which
will show that the queue is not accepting jobs or
printing jobs. Change both values to Yes and then
press F10. You will get the message that the queue is
now ready to accept and print jobs. Press F10 again.
18. If you are configuring more than one queue on the file
server, repeat steps 1 through 17 of this section.
Otherwise, press ESCAPE multiple times to exit the
MANAGE utility.
C. Print Server Configuration Using
XAdmin
The last step is to add the StreetTalk login name to the TROY
XCD print server and to associate the file server queue with
one of the services on the print server. The procedure is as
follows:
1. Install the software from the TROY XCD Print Server
Software diskette or CD-ROM by selecting File from
the Windows Program Manager menu bar. Then select
Run, enter A:SETUP.EXE as the command line (or
select the \Utilities\Xadmin\Setup.exe
12-6 Banyan VINES Installation
path on the CD-ROM), click OK, and follow the
instructions on the screen.
2. Double click on the XAdmin icon to start the program
under Windows.
3. The print server name (XCD_xxxxxx_P1, where
"xxxxxx" is the last six digits of the Ethernet address)
will show up in the list. If it does not, double check
your Ethernet cabling and (if applicable) hub
connection. Click on this name with the mouse button.
4. Click on the Configure button.
5. Click on the Banyan tab.
6. The Banyan hop count is set by default to two hops,
which is adequate for most networks. However, if the
file server is located more than two hops from the print
server, you must set the hop count to the appropriate
value.
7. Enter the StreetTalk name of the TROY XCD print
server (this must exactly match the name you entered in
Step A-3). If the StreetTalk name has spaces in it, you
must enclose the name in double quotation marks (for
example, "john [email protected] [email protected]"). If
you entered a password in step A-3, you should also
enter the same password here.
8. Click on the Services tab.
9. Double click on the service you wish to enable for
VINES. If in doubt, use BINARY_P1 (for the parallel
Banyan VINES Installation 12-7
port), BINARY_S1 (for the serial port), and BINARY_P2
or BINARY_S2 for the XConnect 100 second parallel
and serial ports. Refer to Appendix B of the manual for
additional information on using services.
10. Type in the StreetTalk name of the print queue you
defined in step B-3.
11. Click on OK, and then click OK again to save the
configuration.
12. Click OK and then OK again to exit XAdmin
D. Print Server Configuration Using the
Print Server Console (Optional)
As an alternative to XAdmin, you may use the print server
console to configure an TROY XCD print server. The steps
are as follows:
1. Connect to the print server console using TELNET,
NCP, XCONFIG, or the serial port (refer to Appendix
A for information on using the console).
2.
Execute the following commands:
SET BANyan LOgin loginname
Purpose: Sets StreetTalk login name of print server.
SET BANyan PAssword password
Purpose: Sets login password of print server. The
password (if any) must match the password you set in
step A-3. This command is not required if you did not
12-8 Banyan VINES Installation
assign a password to the print server with the
MANAGE program.
SET SERVIce service STreettalk queuename
Purpose: Enables the Banyan protocol on the specified
TROY XCD print server service and associates this
service with the StreetTalk name of a given print queue
the VINES file server. Type SHOW SERVICE to see
a list of the available services (if in doubt, use
BINARY_P1 for the parallel port , BINARY_S1 for
serial port, BINARY_P2 for the XConnect 100 second
parallel port, and BINARY_S2 for the XConnect 100
second serial port).
3.
If required, the following additional commands are
available:
SET BANyan HOp nn
Purpose: Sets number of hops between the TROY
XCD print server and the Banyan file server. The
default value is 2, which is adequate for most sites, but
you will need to change this value if the file server is
more than two hops away from the print server.
SET BANyan [ENable|DISable]
Purpose: Enables or disables Banyan protocol on the
TROY XCD print server. Banyan is enabled by
default.
SET BANyan TImeout nn
Purpose: Sets job timeout (in seconds).
CLEAR SERVIce service STreettalk
Purpose: Disables the Banyan protocol on the
specified service.
Banyan VINES Installation 12-9
SHow BANyan
Purpose: Shows Banyan protocol settings and
statistics.
4.
When you have finished entering commands, type
EXIT to exit the remote console and cause the
commands to take effect.
E. Testing the Print Queue
To test the queue, use the Banyan BPRINT command from
the DOS prompt on your workstation. For example:
BPRINT TEST.TXT /P:MYQUEUE
prints the file TEST.TXT to the file server queue
MYQUEUE.
12-10 Banyan VINES Installation
13
PrintraNet Remote Internet Printing
Overview
TROY XCD's PrintraNet product is a software driver for
WindowsTM 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT that allows a
PC user at one location to send a print job to a printer connected to an TROY XCD print server at a remote location
across the Internet in a simple and transparent manner. For
example, a user on a PC in New York could print a document
directly from his Microsoft Excel application program to a
printer in Chicago. The PC may be attached to a Local Area
Network, or it may be connected via a dial-up PPP link to an
Internet Service Provider. Because of the low cost of accessing the Internet, the PrintraNet software can save the user a
significant amount of money in toll charges, particularly
when international communications is involved.
If you did not receive the PrintraNet software on diskette or
CD-ROM, you may download it from the TROY XCD web site
(http://www.troyxcd.com).
PrintraNet Concepts
The PrintraNet software is installed using a standard Windows Installation Wizard. It creates a virtual port on the
Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT PC that operates
similar to the standard LPT1 printer port from the applications program point of view. The user can use the Windows
PrintraNet Internet Printing 13-1
95/98/NT Print Manager to create a printer that uses this port
along with a standard Windows 95/98/NT-compatible printer
driver (for example, the Hewlett-Packard LaserJet 5 or
Lexmark Optra drivers). Any Windows 95/98/NT applications program can therefore print to this printer (and hence to
the virtual port) without modification or change in operational procedure.
When a job is printed to the PrintraNet virtual port, it is actually
MIME-encoded, converted to a standard Internet E-mail message, and sent out to a TROY XCD print server at the remote
location using either the Messaging API (MAPI) or WINSOCK.
This means that PrintraNet is compatible with most common Email software packages, and there is no requirement to install a
TCP/IP stack on the PC. The only requirement is that the E-mail
server be capable of sending E-mail messages over the Internet.
In more detail, the procedure is as follows:
•
If you are connected to a Local Area Network, the E-mail
message gets passed to the E-mail server, which in turn
sends it out over the Internet using the SMTP protocol
(Simple Mail Transport Protocol) to the remote TROY XCD
print server.
•
If you are connecting via a modem directly to an Internet
Service Provider (ISP), the ISP handles the routing of the Email to the remote TROY XCD print server.
At the remote site, an E-mail server receives the E-mail message.
The remote print server, which has its own E-mail address, uses
the POP3 protocol (Post Office Protocol 3) to download the Email message from the E-mail server. It then decodes the
13-2 PrintraNet Internet Printing
attachment and prints it out on the printer. As a configurable
option, the remote print server can send an E-mail message back
to notify the sending PC that the job was successfully printed.
The remote print server must be running Version 3.38 or later
firmware. This firmware is available at no charge on the TROY
XCD web site (http://www.troyxcd.com directory).
PrintraNet is supported by all TROY XCD print servers except
the XConnect II Lite and XJet III.
A new feature of PrintraNet is its Address Book capability.
This capability allows the Windows user to have a predefined list of remote printers. A print job can be sent to
any of these remote printers by simply clicking on the
appropriate address book entry. In addition, groups of
remote printers can be defined, so that a single print job can
be sent to multiple printers.
Another new feature of PrintraNet is direct E-mail printing.
This feature allows ordinary text E-mail messages to be
sent to the print server and then printed out on the printer.
No special software (other than an E-mail program) is
required on the sending computer.
This chapter covers the following topics:
•
Installation of the PrintraNet software on a Windows 95/
98/NT PC at the local site
•
Enabling the PrintraNet capability on the TROY XCD
print server at the remote site.
The manual assumes that you have already installed the
TROY XCD print server at the remote site with a valid IP
address per the instructions in the appropriate print server
PrintraNet Internet Printing 13-3
Administrator's Guide. It also assumes that you have the
capability of configuring E-mail services on your PC and Email server, or that you have access to a network
administrator who can perform these tasks for you.
Step 1 Installing the Software on a
Windows 95/98/NT PC
To install the PrintraNet software on a Windows 95/98/NT
PC, execute the following steps:
1. Make sure that the PC is running an E-mail program (for
example, Microsoft Exchange) that is capable of sending
E-mail messages using either MAPI or WINSOCK.
MAPI (Messaging Applications Program Interface) is
used by most popular Windows 95/98/NT E-mail
packages, while WINSOCK is used by TCP/IP-based
mail packages.
2. Make sure that your E-mail server is capable of sending
messages across the Internet. Alternatively, if you are
communicating directly from the PC via a modem to an
Internet Service Provider, make sure that you have an
Internet mail account on the ISP, and that the PC is
configured to send E-mail using this account.
3. Make a backup copy of the PrintraNet software, and use
this backup for the installation process. Store the original
diskette in a safe place.
4. Insert the backup installation diskette into the PC. From
the Windows 95/98/NT Start button, select Run. Then
enter A:SETUP and press Enter to start the PrintraNet
installation program.
13-4 PrintraNet Internet Printing
5. Push the Next button in response to the Welcome
message.
6. Select the desired directory to install the PrintraNet files
(the default directory is C:\Program Files\XCD\
PrintraNet\), and then push Next.
7. Select either MAPI (the default) or WINSOCK as the
mail transport and press Next. Most mail programs,
include the Microsoft Exchange program that is included
with Windows 95/98/NT, use MAPI. The installation
program will then begin installing the files.
8. You will then be asked for a port name. The default port
name is PNET1. If you want to select a different port
name (for example, if you have more than one PrintraNet
remote printer), then enter the name of the port. The port
name must begin with PNET and end with a number, for
example, PNET3.
Press OK to continue.
9. You will now get the Port Settings dialog box for the
remote print server. Enter the following information:
•
E-Mail Address: Enter any unique legal Internet Email address for the remote TROY XCD print server
(for example, [email protected]).
Note: Internet E-mail addresses cannot have spaces
in them.
You may also click on the Address Book button.
This allows you to add E-mail addresses of other
PrintraNet Internet Printing 13-5
printers. To add addresses, go to the menu bar,
select File and then New Address (or click on the
New Address icon, which is the one with a single
person). Enter a description, an E-mail address, and
an optional memo for the remote TROY XCD print
server. Click on OK to add it to the address book.
The address book allows you to send print job to any
of the remote print servers without having to type in
its E-mail address.
In addition, the Address Book allows you to create
groups of remote printers. To do this, select File
and then New Group (or click on the New Group
icon, which is the one with three people) to add
users. The Group capability allows you to send a
single print job to more than one remote printer.
The Partial E-mail Print option breaks the print job
into several smaller E-mail messages, which the
print server reassembles at the remote end into a
single print job. It is useful if you are sending print
jobs through E-mail servers that limit the size of
print jobs. If you check this option, you can enter a
partition value or use the default value of 1024K
bytes.
The Port Settings dialog box will be displayed each
time you print, thereby allowing you to select a
remote print server from the address book or to
manually enter an address. The Show this dialog
for each Print Job box should be checked unless
you plan to send jobs to only a single TROY XCD
remote print server and therefore do not need to
change the destination E-mail address.
13-6 PrintraNet Internet Printing
•
Service Name: Enter the service name on the remote
TROY XCD print server that you wish to use for
printing. This is normally BINARY_P1 for the first
parallel port, BINARY_S1 for the serial port,
BINARY_P2 for the second parallel port, or
BINARY_S2 for the second serial port. If you do not
know the service name, you may leave this field
blank and the default binary service will be used.
Refer to Appendix B of the appropriate TROY XCD
print server Administrator's Guide for information on
how to use services.
•
Your E-Mail Address: If you are using MAPI, skip
this step. If you are using WINSOCK, enter your Email address (for example, [email protected]).
•
SMTP E-Mail Server: If you are using MAPI, skip
this step. If you are using WINSOCK, enter the IP
address of your SMTP E-mail server (consult your
network administrator if you do not know this
address).
•
Select Desired Notification: You may optionally
have the remote TROY XCD print server notify you
when the job is complete or when the job fails or both
when the job is complete and if it fails. Select the
desired option and then enter the E-mail address
where you want the notification sent (generally you
would want the notification sent to your own E-mail
address).
•
Press OK to continue.
PrintraNet Internet Printing 13-7
10. If desired, you can read the README file for release
note information regarding PrintraNet. The PrintraNet
driver installation is now complete.
11. You must now create a printer on your Windows 95/98/
NT system using the standard Windows 95/98/NT
printer setup procedure. To do this, go the Start button,
select Settings and then Printers.
12. Select Add Printer to begin the printer installation.
13. Click Next when you get the Add Printer Wizard
window.
14. Select Local Printer when you are asked how the
printer is connected to your computer, and push Next.
15. Select the desired manufacturer and model of the remote
printer (for example, Hewlett-Packard LaserJet 5). If
necessary click Have Disk to load the driver off of the
printer's installation diskette. Click Next when you are
done.
16. If you have picked a printer driver that is already being
used, you have the option of either keeping the existing
driver (recommended) or replacing it. Select the desired
option and press Next.
17. Select the PrintraNet E-mail port (PNET1 by default)
and press Next.
18. Enter any desired name for the PrintraNet remote printer
and press Next. For example, you could call the printer
"E-mail Printer". Note that this name does not need to
match the E-mail address that you assigned in step 9.
13-8 PrintraNet Internet Printing
19. Select No when asked if you want to print a test page,
unless you have already configured the remote TROY
XCD print server to receive PrintraNet print jobs.
You have now finished installing the PrintraNet software. If
you have only one E-mail printer, go to Step 2, Configuring
the Remote TROY XCD Print Server.
Adding a Second E-Mail Printer Port
You should not rerun the install program to add a new EMail printer port. Instead, press the Start button, select
Settings, and open the Printers window. Click on the icon
of a PrintraNet printer, select File from the menu bar, and
then choose Properties. Click on the Details tab and push
the Add Port button.
In the Add Port dialog, select the Other radio button and
then "PrintraNet Port". Click on OK and it will give you the
Port Name dialog (like in the install program). Any unique
name can be given here as long as it starts with "PNET" and
another port does not already exist with the same name.
Then enter the port settings as described in step 9 of the
Installing the PrintraNet Software on a Windows 95/98/NT
PC section.
Step 2 Configuring the Remote TROY
XCD Print Server
The next step is to configure the remote TROY XCD print
server. The remote print server can be configured with
TROY XCD's XAdmin or XAdmin32 Windows 95/98/NT
configuration utility, WebXAdmin browser-based utility, or
PrintraNet Internet Printing 13-9
by accessing the print server console through the print server
serial port or via TELNET, DEC NCP, or XCD's XCONFIG
utilities. Refer to Appendix A for information on how to use
the serial port, TELNET, NCP, or XCONFIG to access the
print server console.
Print Server Configuration Checklist
Before configuring the print server to receive PrintraNet
print jobs, check the following:
1. Make sure that the E-mail server at the remote site (the
receiving end) is configured to handle the TCP/IP POP3,
and SMTP protocols (SMTP is only required if the
notification feature is enabled).
2. Configure the POP3 server on the E-mail server at the
remote site with a mail account and password for the
remote printer (generally, the mail account name will be
the first part of the name that you assigned in step 9 of
the previous section; for example, if you assigned the
name [email protected], the account name would be
emailprinter). The procedure for configuring a POP3
server varies depending on the operating system of the Email server, so consult your operating system
documentation for details.
3. Make sure that the TROY XCD print server is installed
and running with TCP/IP enabled and has a valid IP
address assigned to it.
Because access to the E-mail server on most networks is
usually restricted, you may need to have your network
administrator check the configuration and add the mail
account.
13-10 PrintraNet Internet Printing
Using XAdmin, XAdmin32, or WebXAdmin to
Configure the Print Server
NOTE: Skip this section if you wish to use the print server
console to configure the print server.
Two graphical user configuration programs are included on
the TROY XCD Print Server Software diskette or CD-ROM
that is shipped with every TROY XCD print server. XAdmin
runs on Windows 3.11 or Windows 95/98, while XAdmin32
runs on Windows 95/98 and Windows NT. To use XAdmin
or XAdmin32, you must be running either NetWare or
Banyan VINES client software, and the PC must be on the
same network as the TROY XCD remote print server.
WebXAdmin allows the print server to be managed by any
standard web browser using the TCP/IP protocol. Refer to
Chapter 3 for additional information on XAdmin,
XAdmin32, and WebXAdmin.
The steps required to configure the print server to receive
print jobs from a Windows 95/98/NT PC running the
PrintraNet software are as follows:
1. Select the name of the desired TROY XCD print server
from the list by double clicking on it (XAdmin or
XAdmin32) or entering its IP address (WebXAdmin).
4. Click on the Internet tab or button.
5. Enter the IP address of the POP3 server (consult your
network administrator if you do not know this address).
6. Enter the mailbox name for the remote TROY XCD print
PrintraNet Internet Printing 13-11
server. Usually this will be the first part of the E-mail
address that you entered in step 9 (for example, if the Email address of the remote print server is
emailpr[email protected], then the mailbox name would be
emailprinter.
7. Enter the password for the mailbox, if any.
8. The print server is configured by default to poll the POP3
server every 30 seconds. You may change this value, if
desired.
9. If you have enabled notification, enter the IP address of
your SMTP server (consult your network administrator if
you do not know this address).
10. Press the OK button., and exit XAdmin or XAdmin32.
You have now configured the print server to receive print
jobs. Skip to the Printing to the Remote TROY Print
Server section later in this manual.
Using the Console to Configure the Print
Server
NOTE: Skip this section if you used XAdmin, Admin32, or
WebXAdmin to configure the remote TROY XCD print server.
As an alternative to the TROY XCD graphical configuration
utilities, you can use the print server console to configure the
remote TROY XCD print server. The console can be
accessed via the print server serial port, TELNET, DEC
NCP, or the TROY XCD XCONFIG utility. Refer to
Appendix A if you do not know how to use the console.
13-12 PrintraNet Internet Printing
1. When you get the "Local>" prompt after connecting to
the console, enter the command
SET POP3 ADDRESS ipaddres s
where ipaddress is the IP address of your POP3 server
(consult with your network administrator if you do not
know this address).
2. Enter the commands:
SET POP3 NAME mailboxname
SET POP3 PASSWORD emailpassword
where mailboxname is the name of the remote TROY
XCD print server mailbox and emailpassword is the
password associated with this mailbox. Usually the
mailbox name is the same as the first part of the E-mail
address that you defined previously (for example, if the
E-mail address is [email protected], then the
mailbox name is emailprinter.
3. The print server is set by default to poll the POP3 server
every 30 seconds. If you wish to change this value, enter
the command:
SET POP3 POLLING rate
where rate is the polling rate in seconds.
4. If you have enabled notification, enter the command:
SET SMTP ADDRESS ipaddress
PrintraNet Internet Printing 13-13
where ipaddress is the IP address of your SMTP server
(usually the same as the IP address of your POP3 server).
5. Type EXIT to exit the console and save the changes.
You have now completed configuring the remote TROY
XCD print server.
Step 3 Printing to the Remote TROY XCD
Print Server
To print to the remote TROY XCD print server from the
local Windows 95/98/NT PC, you simply use select the
printer that you created in Step 1 and print to it the normal
manner. For example, to print the remote printer named
Email Printer, you would select Print from the menu bar,
push the Printer Setup button, click on the name Email
Printer, and then click OK twice.
You will then get the Port Settings dialog box (assuming that
you have not unchecked the Show this dialog for each Print
Job box). You can now use the address book, manually
change the E-mail address of the destination, or modify other
parameters. Click OK when you are ready to print.
The job will then be sent over the Internet to the remote
TROY XCD print server.
Troubleshooting
The first step in troubleshooting is to make sure that you
have a valid E-mail connection on both the sending PC and
the receiving print server. Try sending an E-mail message
from the PC to a user at the remote site who can receive mail
13-14 PrintraNet Internet Printing
via the POP3 server. If this does not work, there may be an
E-mail configuration problem on the PC, on the local E-mail
server, or on the remote POP3 server. Double check to make
sure that the E-mail parameters that you configured on the
PC and on the remote print server match those that are
configured on the E-mail servers.
If you can print small files OK but are having trouble
printing large files, the problem may be in the E-mail system.
Some E-Mail systems have difficulties printing files that are
larger than about 400KB in length. To verify this, try
sending the large file as an attachment to an E-mail message.
If the file does not reach its destination intact, then the
problem is with the E-Mail system.
If you get an SMTP error when using a WINSOCK
connection, you may need to configure the hosts file on your
Windows 95/98/NT system. To do this create a file named
HOSTS in the \WINDOWS\SYSTEM directory (or edit this
file if it already exists) and add an entry for your mail server
similar to the following using the DOS editor (substitute the
actual IP address and name of your SMTP mail server):
192.189.207.222
mail.troyxcd.com
If you require additional support, contact TROY XCD
Technical support at (949) 399-0820, FAX: (949) 399-0825,
E-mail: [email protected]
Print Server Console Command
Summary
The following PrintraNet-related configuration and status
commands are available from the TROY XCD print server
PrintraNet Internet Printing 13-15
console (for a complete list of commands, refer to Appendix
A in the appropriate print server Administrator's Guide):
SET POP3 ADdress aa.bb.cc.dd
Purpose: Sets POP3 Server IP address
SET POP3 ENable/DISable
Enables or disables POP3 protocol
POP3 POlling nn
Sets POP3 server polling frequency in seconds
POP3 NAme <name>
Sets POP3 mailbox name for print server
POP3 PAssword <password>
Sets the POP3 Mailbox password
SET SMTP ADdress aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets the SMTP server IP address
SET SMTP ENable/DISable
Enables or disables SMTP capabilities
SHOW POP3
Shows POP3 parameter settings
SHOW SMTP
Shows SMTP parameter settings
13-16 PrintraNet Internet Printing
14
Troubleshooting
Overview
This chapter describes procedures for troubleshooting
problems you may encounter with TROY XCD external print
servers, and is divided into the following sections:
1. Installation Problems
2. Intermittent Problems
3. Protocol-Specific Troubleshooting
If you have followed the steps in this chapter and you believe
that you have a bad board, then please refer to the Customer
Support and Warranty chapter for information on returning
defective products.
Installation Problems
(Printer Does Not Come Up Ready)
If you cannot print to the TROY XCD external print server after
you install it, check the following:
1. Make sure that the printer are powered on, that all cables
are securely plugged in, and that the printer is on-line.
Troubleshooting 14-1
2. If you have an XConnect II, XConnect II Lite, or
XConnect 100, make sure that the parallel cable length is
less than 1.8 meters (6 feet), which is the limit of the
Centronics standard. The Pony Print Server Plus will
support longer lengths up to 25 feet, depending on
environmental conditions.
3. If possible, connect a terminal to the serial port. If you
see the boot> prompt, the print server firmware has not
been loaded properly. Refer to Appendix C for
instructions on reloading the firmware. If reloading does
not fix the problem, try setting switch 1 to ON (factory
defaults) and powering the print server off and then on
again; if the problem persists, the product may be
defective.
Installation Problems (Printer Comes up
Ready but You Cannot Print)
If the printer starts up OK but you cannot print, the problem
could one of the following:
•
There is a problem with the interface between the print
server and the printer
•
There is a problem with the network connection or
cabling.
•
There is a queue setup problem, a print server setup
problem, or other protocol-related problem.
14-2 Troubleshooting
Checking the Interface between the Print
Server and the Printer
First make sure that the cable between the print server and
the printer is securely plugged in at both sides. Then:
1. Wait about two minutes after the printer is powered on
and then run a printer self-test (see chapter 2 for
information on how to run the self-test).
a. If the self-test does not print, then there is possibly a
hardware problem. Double check the connections. If
you still cannot print, then make sure that your printer
is capable of printing text, PCL or PostScript (the selftest will not work unless one of these is possible).
Some examples of printers that do not support direct
printing of text files:
• So-called Windows printers, usually low-end inkjet
printers, perform all the image rasterization in the
printer driver, so the printer only understands a raw
image file.
• Many plotters only support HP-GL/2, RTL, or
proprietary languages.
The only way to test such printers is to use an application
program with the correct printer drivers.
2. It may be necessary to adjust the parallel port default
settings in order to accommodate certain printers,
especially older ones, by using console commands (refer
to Appendix A for information on how to use the
console). Do a SHOW PORT command to see the
current port settings. In particular:
Troubleshooting 14-3
•
Some printers are not fast enough to keep up with the
XConnect II and XConnect 100. For these printers, try
disabling DMA with the command SET PORT P1
DMA DISABLED (not on Pony Print Server Plus or
XConnect II Lite).
•
Some printers require the pACKH hardware handshake.
For these printers, use the command SET PORT P1
ACKH ENABLED.
•
Some printers and applications do not work well if
bidirectional communications are enabled. Use the
command SET PORT P1 BID DISABLED to
disable bidirectional.
•
If you are using ECP mode with Okidata printers and a
Pony Print Server Plus, you will need to enable software
handshaking with the command SET PORT P1 SWIO
ENABLED.
•
Not all printers support Fast Strobe mode, so make sure
that FSTB is not enabled on the port if you are having
problems printing (Fast Strobe is disabled by default;
use the command SET PORT P1 FSTB
DISABLED to disable it).
•
In some rare instances, disabling NBUF with the
command SET PORT P1 NBUF DISABLED will
solve port compatibility issues.
3. If the self-test prints OK but you cannot print or you get
garbage printouts, make sure that the printer is set for the
correct Page Description Language. Most new printers
support AUTO mode, which means that they will
14-4 Troubleshooting
automatically switch between PCL and PostScript.
However, older printers like the LaserJet II, LaserJet III,
and LaserJet IIISi require that the printer be set to the
desired language through the printer front panel.
Also, verify that you have set up the drivers correctly on
the workstation. Some printers, like the Epson Stylus,
require special drivers and will not print if standard PCL
or PostScript drivers are used.
Checking the Network Connection and Cabling
If the self-test page prints but you cannot print documents,
first check the network connection and cabling.
1. If you are connecting to a 10baseT network, verify that
the XConnect II and XConnect II Lite RECV and XMIT
LEDs are BOTH lit. If you have an XConnect 100, the
Link OK LED should be on. If the appropriate LEDs
are not on, there is probably a bad 10baseT or
100baseTX cable or the hub port is bad. If possible, try a
different cable and hub port, or try connecting a different
device (such as a PC) to the cable.
2. If you have an old XConnect II (V3.19 firmware or
earlier), make sure that you have set switches 2 and 3 for
the correct type of Ethernet.
3. If you are using a repeater or hub, make sure that SQE
(heartbeat) is turned off at the hub (this is the default
setting for most hubs). Also, if you have a hub or
multiport repeater, verify that the hub or repeater port is
good by trying the print server on a different port.
Troubleshooting 14-5
4. If you have a bridge or router located between the TROY
XCD print server and the host computer, make sure that
the device is set up to allow the print server to send and
receive data from the host. For example, a bridge can be
set up to only allow certain types of Ethernet addresses to
pass through (a process known as filtering); therefore,
such a bridge must be configured to allow TROY XCD
print server addresses. Likewise, a router can be set up
to pass only certain protocols, so be sure that the desired
protocol can be passed through to the TROY XCD print
server. In the case of routers, also make sure that the
protocol is routable (LAT, NetBEUI, and DLC/LLC are
not routable).
5. If the job exits the queue but does not print, make sure
that you are not trying to print a text job to a PostScript
printer. If you have a printer that is capable of automatic
language switching, make sure that the printer is not
forced into PostScript mode.
6. Make sure that you are not trying to perform an illegal
operation, such as attempting to print a legal-size form
when the printer only supports 8.5" x 11" paper.
7. If you are using the serial port for printing, make sure
that the baud rate, parity, stop bits, and character size on
the print server exactly match those on the printer.
8. Older HP plotters require a specially-wired cable to
connect to the print server serial port. Contact TROY
XCD Tech Support for details regarding this cable.
9. Check the individual protocol troubleshooting sections in
this chapter for additional causes of intermittent printer
problems.
14-6 Troubleshooting
Intermittent Problems
If the print server and the printer start up OK, but you
intermittently have problems printing, check the following:
1. Excessive NetWare polling can be a big cause of
intermittent problems. Make sure that you have only
enabled the NetWare file servers that you need for
printing (do a SHOW NETWARE command from the print
server console to see the enabled file servers). If you
have V3.21 or earlier firmware, make sure that NetWare
polling is disabled by using the console command SET
NETWARE RANGE 0. If you are not using NetWare,
you can disable NetWare entirely with the command SET
NETWARE DISABLED.
2. If you can print small jobs OK but large graphics jobs are
distorted or incomplete, make sure that you have
adequate memory in your printer.
3. There is a problem with V3.34 and earlier versions of
firmware when printing long jobs over the serial port.
The solution is to upgrade the print server to the latest
firmware.
4. Check the individual protocol troubleshooting sections in
this chapter for additional causes of intermittent printer
problems.
TCP/IP Troubleshooting
If you are using TCP/IP and cannot print to the print server
and you have checked the hardware and network as described
in the previous steps, then check the following (note that it is
Troubleshooting 14-7
always a good idea to try creating a another print queue to
eliminate the possibility of setup errors):
l.
The problem may be the result of mismatched or
duplicate IP addresses. Verify that the IP address is
correctly loaded into the TROY XCD print server (via
the self-test page or through the remote console) and
make sure that no other nodes on the network have this
address (DUPLICATE IP ADDRESSES ARE THE
BIGGEST CAUSE OF TCP/IP PRINTING
PROBLEMS). If the address is not correct, then check
whether the loading procedure was properly executed.
2. If you used NCP, XCONFIG, or ccr to enter the IP
address, make sure that you exited the remote console
properly with a CTRL-D or EXIT command.
3. If you used rarp, make sure that you started the rarp
daemon using the rarpd, rarpd -a, in.rarpd -a , or
equivalent command. Verify that the /etc/ethers
file contains the correct Ethernet address and that the
TROY XCD print server name matches the name in the /
etc/hosts file.
4. If you used bootp, make sure that bootp is enabled (i.e.,
the “#” is removed from the bootp entry) in the
/etc/inetd.conf file. Verify that /etc/bootptab
file is correctly configured.
5. Also verify that the host computer and the print server
are either on the same subnet (for example, if the print
server has a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0, the host must
have the same subnet mask) or that the router is properly
configured to pass data between the two devices.
14-8 Troubleshooting
6. Make sure that the /etc/printcap file (if
applicable) is typed in correctly. In particular, look for
missing ":" and "\" characters, because a small error
anywhere in the file can have major consequences. Also
check the /usr/spool directory to make sure that you
have created a valid spool directory.
7. If you are using a Berkeley-based UNIX, make sure that
the daemon is started on Berkeley based systems with the
command lpc start printer , where printer is the
name of the local print queue.
8. If you are using an AT&T-based UNIX, make sure the
printer is enabled (enable printer , where printer is
the name of the local print queue).
9. Make sure that the lpr/lpd remote line printer service are
running on the host computer (refer to your host
computer documentation for information on how to do
this).
10. If you cannot print from DEC TCP/IP Services for VMS
(UCX), make sure that you have version 2.0B or later of
this software, because earlier versions will not work with
the TROY XCD print servers.
11. If jobs are run together or do not eject from the printer,
try setting the service (remote printer) with EOT set to
the appropriate printer reset string. This string is number
4 (<ESC>%-12345X) for all newer HP printers. For
example:
SET SERVICE BINARY_P1 EOT 4
Troubleshooting 14-9
Important: Do not use the above command if you have
a LaserJet II, IID, III, or IIID printer. Instead, use an
EOT 2 for PCL jobs or 3 for PostScript jobs.
12. If the lines of a text file are staggered, make sure that
you have specified a remote printer (rp) name of TEXT
in your /etc/printcap file.
13. If you are having trouble printing long jobs (over 1MB),
add the line mx#0 to your /etc/printcap file
entry. Important: Sun Solaris has a bug with lpr/lpd
printing and long jobs. This bug affects any diskless
print server, not just TROY XCD. The solution is to use
the HP JetDirect UNIX host printing utilities as
described in the Raw TCP Port section at the end of
Chapter 4.
14. If you are using the raw TCP port and are experiencing
intermittent queue stalling problems, make sure that
queueing is enabled on the service (do a SHOW
SERVICE command from the remote console, and note if
"Q" is listed in the OPT column for the desired service).
If it is not, enable queueing with the command SET
SERVICE servicename QUE ENA command.
15. If the wrong IP address is loaded, check your network for
file servers that have DHCP, BOOTP, or rarp enabled,
and make sure that these file servers are not set up to
load IP addresses into the print server. Also, make sure
that you do not use the command SET IP BOOT 0 to
disable TCP/IP broadcasts; instead, you should use the
command SET IP METHOD STATIC (unpredictable
results will occur otherwise).
14-10 Troubleshooting
16. If you have problems with queues locking up when the
active print job is deleted, try setting the IP timeout to
one minute with the console command SET IP
TIMEOUT 1.
17. There were a number of lpr/lpd-related problems fixed in
the V3.46 firmware. Therefore, if you are experiencing
intermittent queue problems and you have an older
version of firmware, TROY XCD recommends that you
upgrade to 3.46 or later.
NetWare Troubleshooting
If you cannot print from NetWare and you have checked the
hardware and network as described in the previous steps,
first verify that the print server is attached to the server
queue by going to PCONSOLE, selecting PRINT QUEUE
INFORMATION, and then CURRENTLY ATTACHED
SERVERS. If the TROY XCD print server does not appear
in the list of attached servers, then check the following (note
that it is always a good idea to try deleting and recreating
the print server and creating a new print queue in order to
eliminate the possibility of setup errors):
1. If you cannot create a print queue, make sure that you
have sufficient NetWare privileges. With NetWare 3.12
and earlier, you MUST be logged in as SUPERVISOR
(not someone with Supervisor privileges). If you are
having problems creating queues with NetWare 4.xx and
later, try logging in as ADMIN. Also, make sure that
you are not trying to run XAdmin32 with the Microsoft
NetWare client (you must use the Novell 32-bit client).
2. If you changed the login password, you must change the
password in both the TROY XCD print server (using the
Troubleshooting 14-11
command) and in the file
server (using the PCONSOLE Print Server
Information Change Password command).
SET NETWARE PASSWORD
3. Make sure that you have enabled at least one NetWare
file server using the SET NETWARE SERVER servername
ENABLED command.
4. Have you exceeded your NetWare user limit?
5. If you have V3.00 or earlier firmware , make sure that
you enabled either 802.3 or Ethernet II frames on your
file server, particularly if you have a NetWare 3.12 or
4.xx file server (since these NetWare versions default to
802.2), since these versions of firmware do not support
802.2 or SNAP frames. Also, if you are using NetWare
4.xx, make sure that you have enabled bindery emulation
on the file server.
6. Make sure that the print server name you used in
PCONSOLE exactly matches the name that is configured
in the print server, and make sure it is defined as a Queue
Server for the print queue.
7. If you are running both 802.3 and Ethernet II frames on
different file servers on your network, there is a
possibility that the print server may not make a
connection to the desired file server. Try forcing the
frame type to the desired one using the SET NETWARE
FRAME command from the TROY XCD print server
remote console.
8. If you are losing portions of your print job and you are
using the DOS NetWare drivers, try setting the
14-12 Troubleshooting
TIMEOUT parameter in your CAPTURE statement to a
higher value (at least 50 seconds for Windows).
9. Because of a bug in the vendor's software driver, file
servers equipped with certain models of SMC Ethernet
controllers may crash when a TROY XCD print server is
connected to the network. This problem, which primarily
affects EISA-based controllers made in 1993 or earlier, is
not specific to TROY XCD print servers, and can be
fixed by upgrading the file server with the latest SMC
drivers. Contact SMC technical support at (516) 4356250 for additional information and instructions on how
to download the new drivers from the SMC bulletin
board.
AppleTalk and PATHWORKS for
Macintosh Troubleshooting
If you cannot print from an AppleTalk or PATHWORKS for
Macintosh computer, you have checked the hardware and
network as described in the previous steps, then check:
1. Make sure that you are running Phase 2 AppleTalk and
that you have selected the correct network interface from
the Network Control Panel on the Macintosh.
2. If you have a large network, make sure that you have the
Laser Writer V8.2 or later drivers (or equivalent driver
such as the HP LaserJet 8.2), since earlier versions may
cause PostScript errors. Also, verify that you get the
correct printer information when you select Printer Info
from the Setup button in the Chooser.
Troubleshooting 14-13
3. If you are using the LaserWriter 8.4 (or above) drivers
and the print server is at firmware revision 3.34 or
earlier, then upgrade the print server to the latest
firmware.
4. Make sure that you have selected the correct Printer
Description File (PPD) from the Chooser (otherwise
PostScript errors may result)
5. If you are running PATHWORKS FOR Macintosh verify
that you can print directly from VMS and that you have
V1.1 or later of PATHWORKS.
6. Verify that you have selected the correct AppleTalk zone.
Because the TROY XCD print server gets its zone
information from router broadcasts, it may not be in the
zone you expect, and will therefore not show up in the
Chooser. If this is the case, you may need to force the
zone name with the SET APPLETALK ZONE
command described in Appendix A.
7. Verify that you have a PostScript printer, because
AppleTalk and PATHWORKS for Macintosh require
PostScript. If you have a printer with automatic language
switching, the printer may need to be manually forced
into PostScript mode via the printer front panel.
8. If you are using PATHWORKS for Macintosh, make sure
that you specified the LAT port (not the normal
[email protected] ) as the destination.
9. Make sure that PATHWORKS for Macintosh software
has been upgraded for support of the Macintosh System 7
finder (a patch is required; the easiest way to determine
this is to find out if you have Macintosh computers with
14-14 Troubleshooting
System 7 that are successfully printing to other printers
via PATHWORKS for Macintosh).
10. If you are using older versions of the LaserWriter
drivers, verify that the Laser Prep versions on all
Macintosh computers that need to print to the TROY
XCD print server are the same (not required with
LaserWriter 8.xx drivers).
11. Make sure that printer supports bidirectional
communications. If it does not, use the console
command SET SERVICE servicename RECEIVE
ENABLED to enable AppleTalk spoofing (spoofing is not
supported with PATHWORKS FOR MACINTOSH).
If you have PATHWORKS for Macintosh, you can verify
bidirectional communications from the VMS system as
follows:
-
-
Stop the queue (STOP/QUEUE/RESET queuename )
Connect to the device (SET HOST/DTE LTAxxx: )
When you get the message that you are connected,
type a <CTRL-T> to query the printer
You should get a response back similar to
%%[ status: idle ]%% . If you do not get this
response back, make sure that the printer is forced
into PostScript mode; if necessary, do a SET
SERVICE servicename RECEIVE DISABLED to put
the TROY XCD print server back into bidirectional
mode.
To exit the SET HOST/DTE mode, type a <CTRL-\>.
Then try printing again.
If the above does not work, verify that the printer supports
bidirectional communications over the parallel port.
Troubleshooting 14-15
12. If you get an error message when printing from
PATHWORKS for MACINTOSH that indicates that the
name cannot be found, the probably cause is that the
LAT port is set as spooled (i.e., the queue was set up
using the SET DEVICE/SPOOL LTA xxx command). If
this is the case execute the STOP/QUEUE/RESET
queuename followed by the SET DEVICE/NOSPOOL
LTA xxx command.
13. If you are having problems printing scanned images,
bitmapped graphics, or other binary graphics, you will
need to enable binary graphics support on the AppleTalk
service using the command SET SERVICE
servicename FILTER 4. The printer must support
the HP Tagged Binary Communications Protocol.
14. There is a problem with HP printers introduced 1998 or
later that use Xionics PostScript rather than Adobe
PostScript. With these printers, which include the
LaserJet 4000, 5000, and 8000, jobs will print OK but the
printer will be busy for several more minutes. The
solution is to upgrade to V3.56 or later firmware (make
sure that an EOT of 4 or 3 is enabled on the AppleTalk
service).
Windows NT/LAN Server Troubleshooting
If you are having trouble printing with Windows NT or LAN
Server, check the following:
1. Make sure that you can ping the TROY XCD print server
using the DOS or OS/2 command PING ipaddress ,
where ipaddress is the IP address of the TROY XCD
14-16 Troubleshooting
print server. If you cannot ping the print server, you will
not be able to print.
2. Make sure that TCP/IP and lpr printing are installed and
running on the Windows NT system or the LAN Server
file server.
3. If you are having problems printing to the TROY XCD
print server from a client PC that is connected to a
Windows NTAS or LAN Server file server, verify that you
can print a job directly from the DOS or OS/2 prompt on
the file server. If you can print from the file server but not
from the client, then the problem is probably with the
NetBEUI communications rather than with the TCP/IP
link to the TROY XCD print server. Check your file
server network setup (for example, make sure that you can
print from the client to other printers on the network.
4. If you have problems with Windows NT queues locking
up when the active print job is deleted, try setting the IP
timeout to one minute with the console command SET
IP TIMEOUT 1.
5. There were a number of lpr/lpd-related problems fixed in
the V3.46 firmware. Therefore, if you are experiencing
intermittent queue problems and you have an older version
of firmware, TROY XCD recommends that you upgrade to
3.46 or later.
Windows 95/98 Peer-to-Peer Troubleshooting
If you are having trouble printing on a Windows 95 Peer-toPeer network, check the following:
Troubleshooting 14-17
1. If the print server does not show up under JetAdmin on a
Windows 95/98 Peer-to-Peer network, try removing all of
the Windows 95 network software from the Network
Control panel and then reinstalling them as follows:
-
First install the IPX/SPX-Compatible Protocol, the
Client for Microsoft Networks, and the network
adapter card driver.
-
Restart the system, and then add the HP JetAdmin
service.
2. Because of the many changes that have been incorporated
in Windows 95/98 Peer-to-Peer printing since its
introduction, it is a good idea to upgrade to the latest
version of JetAdmin (available on the HP web site at
http://www.hp.com).
LAT Troubleshooting
If you cannot print from a VMS system and you have
checked the hardware and network as described in the
previous steps, then check the following (note that it is
always a good idea to try creating a new queue with a
different LAT port to reduce the possibility of setup errors):
1. If the queue pauses (Dataset Hangup or Error Writing
As) when you try to print, check that the TROY XCD
print server node name and port name (or service name)
agree with the names defined for the VMS print queue in
LATCP or for ULTRIX print queue in the /etc/
printcap file (ts parameter) and lcp -h command.
The names MUST EXACTLY agree in order for printing
14-18 Troubleshooting
to work (in the case of ULTRIX, the case of the letters
must also match exactly).
2. If you are using DECprint Supervisor (DCPS) make sure
that the printer is forced into PostScript mode (DCPS
will not work with printers in auto language switching
mode and will not work with PCL-only printers).
3. Make sure LAT is enabled for outgoing connections. For
VMS, enter LATCP and type SHOW NODE at the Latcp>
prompt. The display should show Outgoing
Connections Enabled. If it does not, you should type
SET NODE/CONNECTIONS=BOTH. If you are using
ULTRIX, make sure that you have started LAT with the
lcp -s command and that you have enabled hostinitiated connections with the lcp -h command.
4. Make sure that there are no duplicate LAT node names or
LAT port numbers. Try changing the node name to a
different name and/or creating a different LAT port to fix
the problem. Also avoid having multiple print queues
that use the same LAT port.
5. If you are running ULTRIX, make sure that the
/etc/printcap file is typed in correctly. In
particular, look for missing ":" and "\" characters,
because a small error anywhere in the file can have major
consequences. Also check the /usr/spool directory
to make sure that you have created a valid spool
directory.
6. If you are running ULTRIX, check your tty device to
make sure that :
Troubleshooting 14-19
-
The tty is a valid LAT tty (execute the command
file /dev/tty* | grep LAT and observe if the
device has a "39" in its description).
-
The device is in the /etc/ttys file and in the
/dev directory.
-
The same tty number was entered throughout the
configuration process.
7. Intermittent random queue pauses can be caused if the
VMS LAT port is not set up as spooled device. Type
SHOW DEVICE LTA xxx from the VMS console; if the
device is not spooled, type SET DEVICE/SPOOL LTA xxx
command. (One exception: PATHWORKS for
MACINTOSH queues should not be set up with the LTA
device set as spooled).
8. Make sure that PROCESSOR=LATSYM is enabled on your
VMS print queue if you get any of the following
symptoms:
-
The queue pauses when you power off the print
server for no apparent reason.
-
The print server generates excessive LAT traffic on
the network
-
Only one host computer can access the print server
and others are locked out
9. If the VMS LAT symbiont abruptly terminates and shuts
down one or more queues, the problem may be the result
of the inability of the LAT symbiont to handle the load
14-20 Troubleshooting
(particularly if you are printing heavy graphics). Try
creating multiple LAT processors (copy the
LATSYM.EXE file) and splitting the load among these
processors.
10. If your VMS graphics printouts are distorted, make sure
that you have the LTA port set for PASSALL,
PASTHRU, and TAB.
11. If you are having trouble printing PostScript files with
VMS (PostScript errors or no printout), make sure that
you have the form set for NOTRUNCATE and
NOWRAP. Also, make sure you are not trying to print a
flag page (unless you are using DCPS) since the flag
page in the LAT symbiont is a non-PostScript text file.
12. WordPerfect for VMS will cause problems printing to
any network printer, not just TROY XCD. Specifically:
•
If WordPerfect for VMS is installed on VMS 6.xx,
you will not be able to print to the print server from
more than one VMS system, even for nonWordPerfect print jobs. This is because WordPerfect
does not properly break the circuit at the end of each
job. The only solution is to de-integrate the
WordPerfect and VMS print queues on the host
computer, which often means removing WordPerfect
entirely from the system. This is a known bug with
WordPerfect; contact WordPerfect for possible fixes.
•
If you have V6.1 of VMS and you are experiencing
consistent queue pauses, you need to upgrade to
V3.21 or later firmware. This problem is generally
associated with a WordPerfect for VMS bug.
Troubleshooting 14-21
13. If DECprint Supervisor jobs print very slowly, you need
to upgrade the print server to V3.23E or later firmware.
14. If you are printing across a wide area network bridge (for
example, Vitalink) and you get paused or stalled queues,
increase the TROY XCD print server circuit timer to 120
milliseconds with the command SET SERVER
TRANSMIT 120.
15. If you can print successfully from PATHWORKS using
DOS but have problems printing from Windows, try
increasing the Device Not Selected and Transmission
Retry timeouts from the Windows Printer Manager
(select Printer Setup, select the desired printer, and
press the Connect button).
Banyan VINES Troubleshooting
If you are having trouble printing with Banyan VINES, check
the following:
1. Make sure that you have the Banyan VINES PCPrint
software option installed.
2. If there are more than two hops (i.e., more than two
routers) between the print server and the file server,
make sure that you have changed the hop count to the
appropriate number via XAdmin or the print server
console.
3. Use the VINES MUSER or MANAGE utility to verify
that the print server has logged in. If it has not, make
sure that the StreetTalk login name configured in the
print server exactly matches the login name that was
14-22 Troubleshooting
configured using the MUSER or MANAGE utility on the
file server.
4. Verify that the StreetTalk name associated with the print
server service name exactly matches the name of the print
queue that was configured using the MSERVICE or
MANAGE utility on the file server.
5. Check to see that you have not exceeded the user limit on
your Banyan file server (because the print server must
login as a user), that printing is enabled on the queue,
and that there are no security restrictions on the file
server that would prevent the print server from logging
in.
6. There is a problem with Banyan 7.1 and diskless print
servers (not just TROY XCD) which causes the print
server to intermittently go into a logged out state. This
problem was fixed in V3.40E firmware, so upgrade the
print server to this firmware version or later.
7. There was a problem with firmware versions 3.40B and
earlier in which the print server would not log into very
large networks. If you are experiencing this problem,
upgrade the print server to the latest firmware.
8. Print servers with version 3.37 or earlier firmware will
not log into VINES 7.0 or later file servers. The solution
is to upgrade the print server to the latest firmware.
9. If you are running both NetWare and VINES on your client
PC, XAdmin will default to NetWare. To force XAdmin
to look at Banyan-enabled print servers, select Run from
the Windows 95 Start menu. Enter the appropriate
Troubleshooting 14-23
path plus the command xadmin -b (for example,
"\program files\TROY XCD\xadmin\xadmin
-b") to start XAdmin in Banyan mode (alternatively,
you may modify the Target in the Properties of the
XAdmin shortcut with this command).
14-24 Troubleshooting
15
Customer Support and
Warranty
Customer Support
TROY XCD, Inc. offers several customer support options to
assist you in the event you experience difficulties with your
TROY XCD print server, including telephone support, repair
services, extended warranty, and advance replacement.
Worldwide Web Support
The TROY XCD worldwide web site provides a quick and
easy way to answer many common technical questions. It
includes a wide variety of technical support tips, as well as
copies of product manuals, product literature, and firmware
load images.
The web site is located at http://www.troyxcd.com.
Whom to Call
Your first point of contact for technical support is the
Distributor or Dealer from whom you bought your TROY
XCD print server. They are familiar with your needs, and
will generally be able to provide you with the fastest and
most comprehensive support.
Customer Support and Warranty 15-1
If your Distributor or Dealer is unable to answer your
questions or is for some reason not available, then contact
TROY XCD directly at 949-399-0820 (fax: 949-399-0825; email [email protected]). Our technical support line is
open weekdays 8 AM to 5 PM Pacific Time.
Before contacting Technical support, please check the
Troubleshooting chapter of this manual or the TROY XCD
web site to isolate any problems and be sure to write down
any error messages. Also, make sure that you have the serial
number of the product (located on the product label on the
card).
Returning Products
If you need to return an TROY XCD product for any reason
(failures, incorrect shipments, etc.), first contact TROY XCD
at (949) 399-0820 and request a Return Authorization
Number. Make sure that you put this number on the outside
of the shipping container you use to return the product and (if
out-of-warranty) on your purchase order. You will also be
asked for the serial number of the defective print server.
Ship the unit freight prepaid to:
TROY XCD, Inc.
Returns Department
1692 Browning
Irvine, CA 92606-4809 USA
(Adequate insurance is recommended)
If the unit is not in warranty, you will be billed for the standard
repair charges. If you do not have a valid TROY XCD account
number, you may be asked for payment in advance (Mastercard,
Visa, American Express, check, or money order).
15-2 Customer Support and Warranty
The TROY XCD Advance Replacement Program is now
included at no extra cost during the warranty period. This
program allows you to get an immediate replacement for a
defective unit during the warranty period rather than waiting
until TROY XCD has received the defective unit. To take
advantage of this program you will need to fill out an
Advance Replacement form (available from TROY XCD
Technical Support) with details about the defective product
and the problem, and then fax this form back to TROY XCD
at (949) 399-0825.
Warranty
To obtain the benefits of the Advance Replacement Program
after the warranty period has expired, the Extended Service
Program is available. This Program provides the same
features as the Advance Replacement program but also adds
an extended warranty period. This program is also available
for an annual fee; contact your distributor or TROY XCD for
ordering information.
With the Advance Replacement or Extended Services
Programs, you simply call TROY XCD at (949) 399-0820
and give the Order Representative your account number. A
new card will be shipped to you immediately by express
freight. You will be invoiced for the list price of a new unit.
Ship the defective unit back prepaid to TROY XCD per the
"Returning Products" section of this chapter. Upon receipt
of the defective unit, TROY XCD will credit your account.
Units returned after 30 days will not qualify for a refund and
will be returned to you.
Customer Support and Warranty 15-3
TROY XCD print servers are warranted to be free of defects
in materials and workmanship for a period of one year . This
period begins upon the date of shipment if the Hardware is
installed by the Purchaser, or upon installation if the
Hardware is installed by TROY XCD. During the warranty
period, TROY XCD will repair or replace the unit at no
charge provided it is returned to TROY XCD freight prepaid
as described in the "Returning Products" section of this
chapter. To ensure prompt service, please fill out the
enclosed warranty card.
The warranty on repaired products or replacement products is
30 days or the last day of the warranty of the original
defective product, whichever is longer.
This warranty does not apply if the Product has been
damaged by accident, misuse, natural catastrophe,
modification, improper service, or conditions resulting from
causes external to the Product. The warranty shall be void if
the TROY XCD serial numbers have been removed.
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES. THE ABOVE
WARRANTIES ARE THE EXCLUSIVE WARRANTIES,
AND NO OTHER WARRANTY, EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED, SHALL APPLY. TROY XCD SPECIFICALLY
DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
PURCHASER'S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR
ANY BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY, REGARDLESS OF
THE FORM OF ACTION, WHETHER CONTRACT, TORT,
OR OTHERWISE, SHALL BE TROY XCD'S
OBLIGATION TO REPAIR OR REPLACE AS SET FORTH
ABOVE.
15-4 Customer Support and Warranty
Appendix A
Command Summary
General Commands
Although it is not normally necessary to change the print server
default parameters, you can change the configuration through
any following methods:
•
•
•
•
DEC NCP or NCL Utility
TELNET
TROY XCD XCONFIG NetWare Utility
Serial Port
The general configuration procedure is the same regardless of
which method is used.
Certain print server NetWare parameters (such as the
NetWare service name) can also be changed by using the
Hewlett-Packard JetAdmin utility or TROY XCD XAdmin
utility.
DEC NCP, NCL, ccr. To connect to the print server
console with the VMS NCP utility, use the following
commands:
MCR NCP
CONNECT VIA circuit PHY ADD ethernetaddress
where circuit is the circuit-ID of the VAX or Alpha (for
example, SVA-0 for most DEC workstations, MNA-0 for
XMI systems, BNA-0 for BI systems, and QNA-0 for Q-BUS
systems) and ethernetaddress is the hardware address of the
Command Summary A-1
print server (for example, 00-40-17-00-61-35). Type the
command SHOW KNOW CIRCUITS at the NCP> prompt if you
do not know the circuit ID.
Newer OpenVMS systems use NCL instead of NCP. The
NCL command to connect to the print server console is:
SET HOST/MOP/CIRCUIT= circuit /ADD= ethernetaddress
ULTRIX systems use the addnode and ccr commands as
follows:
addnode xcdname -c circuit -h ethernetaddress
ccr xcdname
where xcdname is an arbitrary name for the print server
(each print server on the network needs a unique name).
In all cases, you will get a message like Console
or Remote Console Reserved when you are
connected. When you are connected, push RETURN or
ENTER to get the " # " prompt, enter the password ACCESS (it
will not print), and type anything in response to the Enter
Username> prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, you
are ready to enter commands.
Connected
Note: The commands available are generally a subset of the
ones used on the DECserver terminal server. Note that
unlike the DECserver, there is no distinction between the
SET and DEFINE commands or between the CLEAR and
PURGE commands. Instead, when you type CTRL-D to exit
the remote console, any of these commands take effect
immediately and the results are stored permanently (for
example, it is not necessary to enter both a SET and a
DEFINE to execute a command and save the results).
A-2 Command Summary
TELNET. To connect to the print server using TELNET on
UNIX, Windows NT, or most other TCP/IP systems, type:
TELNET ipaddress
at the UNIX system prompt, where ipaddress is the IP
address of the print server. When you are connected, push
RETURN or ENTER to get the "# " prompt, enter the
password ACCESS (it will not print), and type anything in
response to the Enter Username> prompt. When you get
the Local> prompt, you are ready to enter commands.
XCONFIG. To connect to the print server using the TROY
XCD XCONFIG NetWare utility, insert the TROY XCD
Print Server Software diskette in Drive A and type:
A:XCONFIG
at the DOS system prompt. If you have only one print
server, you will be immediately connected. If you have more
than one print server, you will be given a list of available
print servers. Type the number of the print server to which
you want to connect. When you are connected, When you
are connected, enter the password ACCESS (it will not print)
at the "# " prompt, and type anything in response to the Enter
Username> prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, you
are ready to enter commands.
GENERAL SERVER COMMANDS
CLear FAtal
Deletes fatal error log
CLear PAssword
Remove console password
Command Summary A-3
CLear POrt portname JOB
Clears current entry in the print server's internal queue for the specified
portname (P1 for the first parallel port, S1 for the first serial port, P2 for
the second parallel port, and S2 for the second serial port)
CLear SERVEr STRing n
Remove BOT/EOT string (see Appendix B)
EXIT/^D
Exits print server console
HElp
Provides information on available commands
SET DEFAULT
Sets print server parameters to factory defaults
SET LOAD DIsable
Disables firmware reload after exit
SET LOAD ENable
Enables firmware reload after exit
SET LOAD HOst <name>
Sets node name of boot host for (NetWare firmware load)
SET LOAD IP aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets IP address of load host (TCP/IP firmware load)
SET LOAD SOftware <filename>
Sets host filename of firmware to load
SET LOAD XModem
Begins XModem serial download of new firmware
SET PAssword <password>
Sets console password (default password is ACCESS)
SET PORT <parallelportname> BIDir [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables bidirectional communications on parallel port, where
<portname> is P1 for first parallel port or P2 for second parallel port
A-4 Command Summary
SET PORT <parallelportname> DMA [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables DMA support on parallel port (not available on Pony
Print Server Plus or XConnect II Lite)
SET PORT <parallelportname> FSTB [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables fast strobe mode support on parallel port
SET PORT <parallelportname> NBUF [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables no buffer support on parallel port
SET PORT <serialportname> FLow [NO|XO|CT|DS]
Set serial port flow control to NONE, XON/XOFF, CTS, or DSR
SET PORT <serialportname> PArity <parity>
Set serial port parity to NONE, EVEN, ODD, MARK, or SPACE
SET PORT <serialportname> SIgnal [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables DTR signal check on serial port
SET PORT <serialportname> SPeed <baudrate>
Sets serial port baud rate from 300 - 57600 bits per second
SET PORT <serialportname>
Sets serial port stop bits per character
STop [1|2]
SET PROtect <password>
Set console protection password to prevent access to SET commands (use
UNPROTECT command to access SET commands)
SET SERVEr DEscription
Sets node description string displayed with SHOW SERVER command
SET SERVEr STRing n "..."
Defines server BOT/EOT string (see Appendix B)
SET SERVIce <servicename> <protocol> [EN|DIS]
Enable or disables specified protocol on the specified service.
SET SERVIce <servicename> BOT nn
Set service BOT string to nn (see Appendix B)
Command Summary A-5
SET SERVIce <servicename> EOT nn
Set service EOT string to nn (see Appendix B)
SET SERVIce <servicename> FIlter nn
Set service filter to nn (see Appendix B)
SET SERVIce <servicename> FMS nn
Sets filter 1 match string to nn
SET SERVIce <servicename> FRS nn
Sets filter 1 replace string to nn
SET SERVIce <servicename> NAme <newname>
Changes service name
SET SERVIce <servicename> POrt <portname>
Change service port (<portname> is P1 for the first parallel port, S1 for the
first serial port, P2 for second parallel port, and S2 for the second serial
port
SET SERVIce <servicename> RECeive [EN|DIS]
Set receive only mode on specified service
SET SERVIce <servicename> TCP nn
Sets TCP port number of service
SHow FAtal
Show fatal error log
SHow FRee
Shows memory available
SHow LOAd
Shows firmware update parameters
SHow POP3
Shows POP3 parameters
SHow POrt
Shows port parameters
SHow POrt <name> STA
Shows current port status.
A-6 Command Summary
SHow SERVEr
Shows server and LAT parameters
SHow SERVEr COunters
Shows server statistics
SHow SERVEr QUeue
Shows print server internal queue
SHow SERVIce
Shows service Parameters
SHow SMTP
Shows SMTP parameters
SHow SNMP
Shows SNMP variables
SHow TEstpage
Prints test page
SHow VErsion
Shows server firmware version
UNPROtect
Allows system manager to temporarily access SET commands when remote
console is in protected mode (See SET PROTECTION command). The
SET DEFAULT command can be used to permanently disable the protected
mode.
ZEro
Zeroes statistical counts
AppleTalk Commands
SET APpletalk [EN|DIS]
Enables or Disables Appletalk Processing
SET APpletalk ZOne "<name>"
Set Appletalk zone name
Command Summary A-7
SET LOCaltalk [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables LocalTalk port
SET APpletalk [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables Appletalk processing
SET SERVIce <servicename> APP [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables AppleTalk jobs on specified service
SET SERVIce <servicename> RECEIVE [EN|DIS]
Enables or Disables bidirectional communications on service.
SHow APpletalk
Shows AppleTalk parameters
SHow LOCaltalk
Shows LocalTalk parameters
Banyan VINES Commands
CLEAR BANYAN PAssword <password>
Clears Banyan login password
CLEAR SERVIce <servicename> STreettalk
Disables the Banyan protocol on the specified service.
SET BANyan LOgin <loginname>
Sets StreetTalk login name of print server.
SET BANyan PAssword <password>
Sets login password of print server.
SET SERVIce <servicename> STreettalk <queuename>
Enables the Banyan protocol on the specified print server service and
associates this service with the StreetTalk name of a given print queue
the VINES file server.
SET BANyan HOp nn
Sets number of hops between the print server and the Banyan file server
(default value is 2).
A-8 Command Summary
SET BANyan [EN|DIS]
Purpose: Enables or disables Banyan protocol on print server. Banyan
is enabled by default.
SET BANyan TImeout nn
Sets job timeout (in seconds).
SHow BANyan
Shows Banyan protocol settings and statistics.
DLC/LLC Commands
SET DLC [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables DLC/LLC protocol
SHOw DLC [EN|DIS]
Shows DLC/LLC parameters
LAT Commands
CLear/PUrge/DELete SERVEr GRoup number
Removes LAT group membership
SET LAT RB nn
Sets LAT receive buffer size (0-5)
SET LAT TB nn
Sets LAT transmit buffer size (0-5)
SET/DEFine/CHange SERVer GRoup mm[-nn]
Add to current LAT group membership
SET/DEFine/CHange SERVEr KEepalive nn
LAT keepalive timer (sec)
SET/DEFine/CHange SERVEr NAme <name>
Sets LAT Node name
SET/DEFine/CHange SERVEr TImeout nn
LAT inactivity timeout (sec)
Command Summary A-9
SET/DEFine/CHange SERVEr TRansmit nn
LAT transmit interval (msec)
SET/DEFine/CHange SERVIce <servicename> LAT
[EN|DIS]
Enables/disables LAT jobs on specified service
SHow LAT
Shows LAT parameters
NetBEUI Commands
CLear NETBeui DOMain <domainname>
Clears domain name
Set NETBeui DOMain <domainname>
Sets NetBEUI domain name
Set NETBeui [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables NetBEUI
Set SERVIce <servicename> NETBeui [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables NetBEUI on service
SHow NETBeui
Shows NetBEUI parameters
NetWare Commands
CLear NETWare SErver <server>
Removes specified NetWare file server from print server access list.
CLear NETWare QServer <fileserver> ON <servicename>
Removes queue server mode on service
CLear SERVIce <servicename> CONtext
Remove NDS context
CLear SERVIce <servicename> TREE
Remove NDS tree
A-10 Command Summary
SET NETWare ADvertise n
Sets advertising frequency of print server
SET NETWare [EN|DIS]
Disables Netware protocol on print server
Enables/
SET NETWare FRame [802.2|802.3|ETH|AL|AU|SNA]
Sets Netware frame type to 802.2, 802.3, Ethernet II, ALL, AUTO, or
SNAP
SET NETWare NEtwork n
Sets Netware internal network number
SET NETWare NPrinter <pserver> n ON <service>
Set NPrinter mode on service
SET NETWare PAssword <psw>
Sets print server login password for file server
SET NETWare POlling n
Sets queue polling time in seconds
SET NETWare QServer <fileserver> ON <service>
Sets Queue Server mode on service
SET NETWare REscan
Rescans file servers for new queues
SET NETWare SErver <name> [EN|DIS]
Enables file server
SET SERVIce <servicename> CONtext <string>
Sets NDS context
SET SERVIce <servicename> NETW [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables NetWare jobs on specified service
SET SERVIce <servicename> TREE <string>
Sets NDS tree
SHow NETWare
Shows NetWare parameters
Command Summary A-11
PrintraNet Commands
SET POP3 ADdress aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets POP3 server IP address
SET POP3 [ENable|DISable]
Enables/disables POP3
SET POP3 POlling nn
Sets POP3 server polling frequency
SET POP3 NAme <name>
Sets POP3 mailbox
SET POP3 PAssword <password>
Sets POP3 mailbox password
SET POP3 TImeout nn
Sets POP3 message timeout
SET SMTP ADdress aa.bb.cc.dd
Set SMTP server IP address
SET SMTP [ENA|DIS]
Enables or disables SMTP protocol
SNMP Commands
CLear SNMP CONtact <string>
Removes SNMP SysLocation
CLear SNMP CONtact <string>
Removes SNMP SysContact
SET SNMP CONtact
Set SNMP SysContact
<string>
SET SNMP LOCation <string>
Removes SNMP Syscontact
A-12 Command Summary
TCP/IP Commands
SET IP ACcess [EN|DI|ALL] aa.bb.cc.dd {MAsk
ee.ff.gg.hh}
Allows or prevents specified IP address from accessing print server.
SET IP ADdress aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets IP address of print server
SET IP BAnner [EN|DIS]
Enables or Disables trailing banner page for lpr/lpd jobs
SET IP BOot n
Number of DHCP/BOOTP/RARP tries
SET IP [EN|DIS]
Enables or Disables IP Processing
SET IP MEthod [AUTO|BOOTP|RARP|STATIC]
Sets method of getting IP address
SET IP PIng aa.bb.cc.dd
Test connection to IP host
SET IP RArp nn
Sets procedure used by print server when obtaining its IP address. By
default the IP address is set along with a default subnet mask and a router
address that is the same as the address of the load host. By setting nn to 1,
the subnet mask is not set. If nn is set to 2, the router address is not set. If
nn is set to 3, neither the subnet mask nor the router address is set.
SET IP ROuter aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets default router address
SET IP SUbnet aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets subnet mask
SET IP TImeout n
Sets inactivity timeout (minutes)
SET IP WIndow nn
Sets LPD/TCP maximum window size
Command Summary A-13
SET SERVIce <servicename> IP [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables TCP/IP jobs on specified service
SET SERVICE <servicename> TCP nn
Sets TCP port number (>1023) on service
SHow IP
Shows LPD/TCP/TELNET Parameters
SHow IP ACcess
Shows IP addresses that are allowed to access print server
A-14 Command Summary
Appendix B
Using Services (lpd-Plus)
Overview
A service is a resource that can be accessed by computers
that wish to print the print server. TROY XCD external print
servers provide the following predefined services (do a SHOW
SERVICE command in the print server remote console to get a
list of available services; note that the serial port services
will only be displayed if the serial port has been enabled for
printing; the XConnect 100 will also display additional
similar services for the second parallel and serial ports):
Service
XCD_xxxxxx_P1
BINARY_P1
TEXT_P1_TX
POSTSCRIPT_P1
PCL_P1
XCD_xxxxxx_P1_AT
XCD_xxxxxx_S1
BINARY_S1
TEXT_S1
POSTSCRIPT_S1
PCL_S1
XCD_xxxxxx_S1_AT
Definition
Parallel port binary service
Parallel port binary service
Parallel port TCP/IP text service (adds
carriage return after each line feed)
Parallel port PostScript service
(switches PJL-compatible printer to
PostScript mode)
Parallel port PCL service (switches
PJL-compatible printer to PCL mode)
Parallel port AppleTalk service
Serial port binary service
Serial port binary service
Serial port TCP/IP text service (adds
carriage return after each line feed)
Serial port PostScript service
(switches PJL-compatible printer to
PostScript mode)
Serial port PCL service (switches
PJL-compatible printer to PCL mode)
Serial port AppleTalk service
Using Services B-1
where "xxxxxx" is the last six digits of the Ethernet address
(for example, XCD_009C53_P1). If the LN03 option is
installed on an XConnect II (this is not applicable to the
XConnect 100), the service names for the parallel port
service ends in "LN" instead of "P1" (for example,
XCD_033355_LN). Note that any of the services, not just
the user-defined ones, can be modified to meet a user's
particular requirements.
TROY XCD print servers provide the powerful capability to
customize any of the services to meet specific user
requirements through the use of setup and reset strings.
Such strings are printer command sequences that are sent to
the printer before or after the print job. For example, you
could define one of the services to provide landscape mode
printing by defining a setup string that contains the
appropriate command to put the printer into landscape mode.
The print server provides several predefined strings for
popular PCL, PostScript, and PJL (the Page Job Language
used by new Hewlett-Packard and other printers) commands.
These include (do a SHOW SERVER STRING command in the
remote console to see the available strings):
No.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
String
(special)
NULL
\1BE
\04
\1B%-12345X
@PJL
Enter Language=
PCL\0A
Postscript\0A
\FF\04\FF\05\FF\06\FF\07
B-2 Using Services
Definition
Using this number causes
printer not to be automatically
reset at the end of each job.
Null string
PCL reset (<ESC>E )
PostScript reset (CTRL-D)
PJL UEL
Enter PJL mode
PJL language switch
PJL PCL command
PJL PostScript command
Enter Language=PCL
10
11
\FF\04\FF\05\FF\06\FF\08
\0C
Enter Language=PostScript
Formfeed
To define a new string, use the command:
SET SERVER STRING number “ string ”
where number is the number of the string (12 through 31)
and string is the desired string (must be enclosed in quotation
marks).
A given string can include hexadecimal characters by
preceding the value with a “\” character. The next two
characters after the “\” will then be interpreted as the
hexadecimal value of a character. For example, to specify
<ESC>E as string number 12, you would enter:
SET SERVER STRING 12 “\1BE”
Please note that when you associate a string number with a
service, the new string number completely replaces any
previous string numbers. Also, if you are using one of the
predefined PostScript or PCL services, the new string will
nullify the language switching function of these services.
However, you can combine several string numbers together
by preceding the string number with “\FF”. For example, if
you defined string number 21 as "\1B" (<ESC>), and string
number 22 as “&l1O”, you can create a new string number
23 that contains <ESC>&l1O (the PCL landscape mode
command) by entering:
SET SERVER STRING 23 “\FF\15\FF\16”
Using Services B-3
Note that the string numbers within the quotation marks are
expressed in hexadecimal when used with this command.
To associate a string with the service, use the following
commands:
SET SERVICE servicename BOT stringnumber
SET SERVICE servicename EOT stringnumber
where servicename is the name or number of the service and
stringnumber is the number of the string as defined above.
The first command (BOT) adds the specified string to the
beginning of the job, while the second command (EOT) adds
the specified string to the end of the job. A given service can
have both a setup and reset string associated with it.
To clear a string number, type:
CLEAR SERVER STRING stringnumber
To clear a setup or reset string, set the string number to 1
(the null string):
SET SERVICE servicename BOT 1
SET SERVICE servicename EOT 1
Enabling Protocols on a Service
You may enable or disable protocols that can access a given
service with the following commands:
SET SERVICE name LAT ENABLED
SET SERVICE name IP ENABLED
SET SERVICE name NETWARE ENABLED
B-4 Using Services
SET SERVICE name APPLE ENABLED
SET SERVICE name NETBEUI ENABLED
SET SERVICE name DLC ENABLED
where name is the name or number of the service (Banyan
VINES services are slightly more complex to configure;
refer to the Banyan chapter in this manual for details). Do a
SHOW SERVICE command to see the enabled protocols. Note
that a given service must have at least one protocol enabled.
Adding Filters to a Service
A filter is a program built into the print server that performs
a specific function. The following filters are available:
filter no.
1
Description
This filter substitutes one user-specified
character string for another character string.
By default, it substitutes a carriage return
character plus a linefeed character
every time a linefeed character is
encountered in the data stream. It is useful
for printing UNIX text files, because such
files do not have carriage returns at the end
at the end of lines.
filter no.
2
Description
This filter species that AppleTalk can be used
on the service.
filter no.
3
Description
This filter converts a text file to PostScript
for use with PostScript-only printers
Using Services B-5
filter no.
4
Description
This filter enables the HP Tagged Binary
Communications Protocol to allow AppleTalk
binary jobs to be printed via the parallel port.
filter no.
5
Description
This filter enables LN03 emulation on the
specified service (XConnect 100 models only)
The service TEXT_pp is predefined with the text filter, while
the service XCD_xxxxxx_pp_AT has the AppleTalk filter
enabled. To use a filter with other services, use the
following command:
SET SERVICE name FILTER fltrno ENABLED
where name is the name of the service and fltrno is the
number of the filter (e.g., 1 for the text filter).
Changing the Service Name
The default service names are rather long and difficult to
remember. If you want to change a service name to
something more meaningful, execute the following command
from the print server remote console:
SET SERVICE oldname NAME newname
Using Service Names with LAT, TCP/IP, or
NetWare
To use a service in LAT, specify the /SERVICE option
instead of the /PORT option when defining the LATCP port.
For example:
B-6 Using Services
L ATCP> CREATE PORT LTA555
LATCP> SET PORT LTA555/NODE=XCD_0009C3/SERVICE=BINARY_P1
To use services from TCP/IP, specify the service name as the
remote printer or "rp" parameter in the printcap file or the
printer setup program (e.g., SAM or SMIT). Remember that
if you want to print text files to a UNIX service, you should
enable the TEXT filter (filter number 1).
To use a service with NetWare, use PCONSOLE to specify
the default NetWare service name as one of the print servers
for the queue (this service is XCD_xxxxxx_P1 by default,
where "xxxxxx" is the last six digits of the Ethernet address).
If you want to use a different service, you must also specify
this service as one of the print servers for the print queue.
Using the Character Substitution Filter
The character substitution filter (filter 1) allows a user to
substitute any text string for any other text string (strings
may be up to 64 characters, and the two strings may have
different lengths). To use this filter:
1. Define the desired strings using the SET SERVER STRING
stringnumber string command (the same command
used to define EOT and BOT strings). For example:
SET SERVER STRING 15 “\01”
SET SERVER STRING 16 “This is a test\0D”
sets string 15 as <CONTROL-A> and string 16 as “This is a
test” <RETURN>. The command SHOW SERVER STRINGS
shows the string settings.
Using Services B-7
2. Enable filter 1 on the desired service with the SET
SERVICE servicename FILTER 1 command. The
command SHOW SERVICE displays which filters are
enabled on the services, and the SHOW SERVICE FILTER
displays the filter settings.
3. Define the service with the desired match string and
replacement string with the following commands:
SET SERVICE servicename FMS matchnumber
SET SERVICE servicename FRS replacenumber
where matchnumber and replacenumber are the numbers
of the strings defined in step 1. Note that if the match
string is set to 00, the default match string <LINEFEED>
and replacement string <CARRIAGE RETURN><LINEFEED>
will be used. If the replacement string is set to 00 (and
the match string is not zero), then the replacement is
NULL, and any matches are just deleted from the input
stream.
4. As an example of the use of filter 1, in certain types of
IBM CICS print jobs, pages end with a <CONTROL-A> .
By using filter 1, you can substitute each occurrence of
<CONTROL-A> with <FORMFEED> . This would be
implemented as follows on a service called “CICS”:
SET
SET
SET
SET
SERVER STRING 12 “\01”
SERVICE CICS FILTER 1
SERVICE CICS FMS 12
SERVICE CICS FRS 11
When jobs are printed to the CICS service, all occurrences of
<CONTROL-A> will be replaced with <FORMFEED> . Note that
filter 11 is predefined as <FORMFEED> .
B-8 Using Services
Appendix C
Reloading the Firmware
General
The firmware on TROY XCD external print servers is
stored in flash memory. This means that you can upgrade
the firmware by downloading the appropriate update file.
Such update files are available from TROY XCD on floppy
disk (DOS format), CD-ROM, or Internet access.
Downloading from a DEC VMS Host
Computer
The download procedure for DEC computers is basically
identical to the procedure for downloading a DEC terminal
server. If MOP is not running on your host computer, enter
the following VMS commands to enable it:
$ RUN SYS$SYSTEM:NCP
NCP> SHOW CIRCUIT QNA-0 CHARACTERISTIC
NCP> SET CIRCUIT QNA-0 STATE OFF
NCP> SET CIRCUIT QNA-0 SERVICE ENABLE
NCP> SET CIRCUIT QNA-0 STATE ON
NCP> DEFINE CIRCUIT QNA-0 SERVICE ENABLE
NCP> SHOW CIRCUIT QNA-0 CHARACTERISTIC
NCP> EXIT
Refer to the documentation included with your VMS system
and/or your terminal server if you need additional
information on starting MOP.
The file XJET.BIN must be installed in the directory
SYS$SYSROOT:[MOM$SYSTEM]. The best way to copy
Reloading the Firmware C-1
this file from diskette is to use the NFT (Network File
Transfer) utility included with PATHWORKS, making
sure that you copy in image mode with a maximum record
size (MRS) of 512 bytes as shown in the following
example:
COPY/IMAGE/MRS=512 A:XJET.BIN host :: directory
where host is the name of the VAX host computer and
directory is the VMS load directory (for example,
VAX::SYS$SYSROOT:[MOM$SYSTEM]. Note that
you must specify both /IMAGE and /MRS=512 because
the copy command defaults to DOS stream mode and 128
byte records.
Make sure that the system logical MOM$LOAD is set
correctly by verifying that the following line is in your site
startup file:
$DEF/SYSTEM/EXEC/NOLOG MOM$LOAD SYS$SYSROOT:[MOM$SYSTEM]
If there are other directories listed in the same command,
add the server directory (if necessary) to the list separated
by commas. If this command does not exist, type it in at
the VMS "$" prompt and also add it to the startup file
using the VMS editor.
Now use NCP or the serial port to access the print server
remote console (refer to Appendix A if you do not know
how to do this), and type:
SET LOAD SOFTWARE XJET.BIN
SET LOAD ENABLE
in response to the Local> prompt.
C-2 Reloading the Firmware
When you type a CTRL-D to exit the remote console, the
file XJET.BIN will then be loaded into the print server.
The red TEST LED will blink during the load process and
will go out when the process is complete.
If the red LED does not go out after about two minutes,
check to make sure that you correctly entered all parameters
and that your network connections are good. Then power
the print server off and then on again, enter the SET LOAD
ENABLE command, and exit the remote console to retry the
download.
Downloading from a Windows NT or UNIX
Host Computer using Master Mode tftp
To download the print server firmware from a Windows NT
or UNIX system using master mode tftp, first copy the file
XJET.BIN to that host. Make sure that tftp is started by
checking the appropriate files on your system (on Windows
NT, TCP/IP and Simple TCP/IP Services must be enabled in
the Network Control Panel); with UNIX, tftp must be
enabled in your /etc/services file and possibly in another
configuration file, such as /etc/inetd.conf . Refer to
your system documentation or the UNIX man pages for
additional information.
Important Note: Master mode tftp requires V3.46 or later
firmware plus 4.6 or later boot firmware. Do a SHOW
VERSION command in the print server console to verify
which version you are using.
To download the firmware from Windows NT, enter the
following command:
tftp - i ipaddr put file password
Reloading the Firmware C-3
where ipaddr is the IP address of the TROY XCD print
server, file is the name of the load file, and password is the
print server password (ACCESS is the default password).
To download the file from most UNIX systems, enter the
following commands from the UNIX system prompt:
tftp ipaddress
tftp> binary
tftp> put file password
where ipaddress is the IP address of the TROY XCD print
server, file is the name of the load file, and password is the
print server password (ACCESS is the default password).
Downloading from a UNIX Host
Computer using Slave Mode tftp
To download the print server firmware from a UNIX host
using slave mode tftp, first copy the file XJET.BIN to that
host. Make sure that tftp is started by checking the
appropriate files on your system (generally speaking, tftp
must be enabled in your /etc/services file and
possibly in another configuration file, such as /etc/
inetd.conf). Refer to your UNIX system
documentation or man pages for additional information.
Now log into the print server remote console using
TELNET or the serial port (see Appendix A if you do not
know how to do this), and execute the following commands:
SET LOAD IP unixhost-ipaddress
SET LOAD SOFTWARE "pathname"
SET LOAD ENABLE
C-4 Reloading the Firmware
where unixhost-ip address is the IP address of the UNIX
load host and pathname is the full path name for the
XJET.BIN file (e.g., /tftpboot/XJET.BIN). Note
that some tftp implementations require that the load file be
located in the /tftpboot directory. Be sure to put the
path name in quotes and remember that UNIX names are
case-sensitive. Also, make sure that your file protection
allows general access to the boot directory.
When you type a CTRL-D to exit the remote console, the
file XJET.BIN will then be loaded into the print server.
The red TEST LED will blink about during the load
process and will go out when the process is complete.
If the red LED does not go out after about two minutes,
check to make sure that you correctly entered all
parameters and that your network connections are good.
Then power the print server off and then on again, enter
the SET LOAD ENABLE command, and exit the remote
console to retry the download.
Downloading from a UNIX Host
Computer using BOOTP
To download the print server firmware from a UNIX host
using BOOTP, first copy the file XJET.BIN to that host.
Make sure that BOOTP and tftp are started by checking
the appropriate files on your system (generally speaking,
BOOTP must be enabled in the /etc/inetd.conf
file, while tftp must be enabled in your /etc/services
file and possibly in another configuration file, such as the
/etc/inetd.conf file). Refer to your UNIX system
documentation or man pages for additional information.
Reloading the Firmware C-5
Configure your /etc/bootptab file to specify the
Ethernet address of the print server and the name of the
load file (XJET.BIN). Make sure that your file
protection allows general access to the directory that
contains the load file. The exact format of the file
/etc/bootptab varies widely, so you will need to
refer to your UNIX system documentation for details. A
typical /etc/bootptab file entry might be:
xc2:ht=ethernet:ha=00401700c953:\
ip=192.189.207.3:bf=/usr/XJET.BIN:
Now log into the print server remote console using
TELNET or the serial port (see Appendix A if you do not
know how to do this), and execute the following
commands:
SET LOAD SOFTWARE "pathname"
SET LOAD ENABLE
where unixhost-ip address is the IP address of the UNIX
load host and pathname is the full path name for the
XJET.BIN file (e.g., /tftpboot/XJET.BIN). Be
sure to put the path name in quotes and remember that
UNIX names are case-sensitive. Also, make sure that your
file protection allows general access to the boot directory.
When you type a CTRL-D to exit the remote console, the
file XJET.BIN will then be loaded into the print server.
The red TEST LED will blink during the load process and
will go out when the process is complete.
If the red LED does not go out after about two minutes,
check to make sure that you correctly entered all
parameters and that your network connections are good.
C-6 Reloading the Firmware
Power the printer off and then on again, enter the SET LOAD
ENABLE command, and then type EXIT to exit the remote
console and retry the download.
Downloading from a NetWare Server
To download from a NetWare server, first copy the file
XJET.BIN into the \login directory on your SYS
partition (SYS:\LOGIN). Using the \login directory
will eliminate any potential file protection problems.
Connect to the print server remote console using
XCONFIG or the serial port (refer to Appendix A if you do
not know how to do this) and enter the following
commands in response to Local> prompt.
SET LOAD HOST fileservername
SET LOAD SOFTWARE SYS:\LOGIN\XJET.BIN
SET LOAD ENABLE
where fileservername is the name of the file server. When
you type a CTRL-D to exit the remote console, the file
XJET.BIN will then be loaded into the print server. The
red diagnostic LED will blink during the load process and
will go out when the process is complete.
If the red LED does not go out after about two minutes,
check to make sure that you correctly entered all
parameters and that your network connections are good.
Then power the print server off and then on again, enter the
SET LOAD ENABLE command, and exit the remote console
to retry the download.
Reloading the Firmware C-7
Downloading through the Serial Port (All
Models Except Pony Print Server Plus)
The print server can be downloaded from a PC connected to
the serial port via the XMODEM protocol. To do this, first
make sure that you have Switch 1 in Console mode (OFF)
and that the PC can communicate successfully with the print
server using terminal emulation mode (for example, through
a program like QLII or PCTERM). Then type in the
following commands in response to the Local> prompt:
SET LOAD ENABLE
Type EXIT to exit console mode. The print server will then
reboot. You will get a series of messages displayed on the
terminal; press RETURN at any time and then type:
SET LOAD XMODEM
in response to the Boot> prompt. You will get the message
"You may begin your XModem transfer now." Set your PC
terminal emulation program to send a file using the
XMODEM protocol with the file name XJET.BIN. The
print server will then download the XJET.BIN file.
Obtaining Firmware Updates
To get the latest firmware updates, go to the Tech Support
pages of the TROY XCD web site (http:/
www.troyxcd.com). Alternatively, you may obtain the
firmware from the TROY XCD FTP server
(ftp.troyxcd.com) in the firmware directory. Log in
under the user name anonymous with your e-mail address as the
password.
C-8 Reloading the Firmware
If you do not have Internet access, you may contact TROY
XCD Tech Support at (949) 399-0820, fax (949) 399-0825 or
e-mail [email protected] The firmware can be mailed
to you on diskette or electronically sent to you.
Reloading the Firmware C-9
C-10 Reloading the Firmware
Appendix D
Glossary/Index
10base2 A type of Ethernet that uses RG58 coaxial cable. Also called
Thin Ethernet, ThinNet, and CheaperNet. pp. 1-4, 1-5, 2-7, 2-15 to 2-16.
10base5 The original Ethernet standard that uses a thick coaxial cable.
Also called thick Ethernet or standard Ethernet. pp. 1-4, 1-6, 2-3, 2-14 to
2-15.
10baseT A type of Ethernet that uses unshielded twisted pair cable. pp.
1-4 to 1-6, 2-7, 2-12 to 2-13.
100baseT4 A 100 megabit/second networking standard based on
Ethernet technology that uses four pairs on a Category 3 twisted pair
cable. Not widely used.
100baseTX The most popular 100 megabit/second networking standard
based on Ethernet technology. It uses two pairs on a Category 5 twisted
pair cable. 1-5, 2-12 to 2-13.
802.2 1. The IEEE standard for the Logical Link Control layer of the
Ethernet protocol. The LLC layer is implemented as special fields
containing control information within an IEEE compatible Ethernet
frame. 2. The NetWare Ethernet frame type that includes both the IEEE
802.3 and 802.2 fields. p. A-11.
802.3 1. The IEEE standard for Ethernet. 2. The default Ethernet frame
type for NetWare 3.xx and 2.xx (also called 802.3 raw; the NetWare
802.3 is technically not IEEE compatible because it does not have the
802.2 fields). p. A-11.
A4 The international standard paper size (210 x 297mm).
Address An identifier. Every device on a network has a unique address.
AIX The variation of UNIX that runs on IBM computers. pp. 4-7 to 4-8.
Glossary and Index D-1
Anonymous FTP A method by which any user on a network can access
certain files on a given host computer by logging in under the name
anonymous after connecting to that computer with the FTP protocol. pp.
C-8.
AppleTalk A protocol developed by Apple Computer for file sharing and
print sharing. AppleTalk runs over Ethernet, LocalTalk, and Token Ring.
pp. 1-1 to 1-2, 6-1 to 6-4, 14-13 to 14-16, A-7 to A-8.
arp The standard TCP/IP method for determining a device's actual
network address based on its IP address. Also used by TROY XCD print
servers to set the IP address. pp. 4-15, 4-16.
ASCII A standard for the binary representation of characters.
AT&T UNIX One of two major variants of UNIX on which operating
systems like HP/UX, Solaris, and SCO UNIX are based. Originally
developed by AT&T.
AUI Attachment Unit Interface; the 15-pin Ethernet connector that is used
to connect to a transceiver. Also called a DIX connector or a thick
Ethernet port. See also 10base5.
Batch File A file containing a number of system-level commands. When
this file is run, each of the commands in the file are executed, thereby
eliminating the need to type in each command individually.
Berkeley UNIX One of two major variants of UNIX on which operating
systems like Digital UNIX and SunOS are based. Originally developed by
the University of California-Berkeley.
Bidirectional Capable of communications in two directions. With
printers, this usually means that the printer is capable of receiving data and
sending back status information to the host computer. p. 1-3, 2-6, 2-20, A4, A-6.
Binary File 1. A file that contains data that is not in a standard format
like ASCII. In printing, binary files typically contain graphical
information such as scanned photographs. 2. A special type of PostScript
file that contains compressed binary information. pp. 1-4, 4-3, 6-3, 6-4, 1416.
D-2 Glossary and Index
Bindery In NetWare 2.xx and 3.xx, a database containing definitions for
network entities, including users, file servers, print servers, etc., along
with the properties associated with such entities. In NetWare 4.xx,
bindery emulation is available for compatibility with older versions. p. 58, 5-11.
Bitronics Refers to a bidirectional P1284-compatible parallel port.
BOOTP A standard TCP/IP method for downloading information such
as the IP address into a network device. pp. 4-17 to 4-18, C-5 to C-7.
Bridge A device that connects two local area network segments together.
A bridge operates at level 2 of the OSI Reference model, which means
that it operates transparently with higher level protocols like NetWare
and LAT. p. 14-15.
Broadcast In a network, a situation in which all destinations on the
network receive a copy of a given packet.
Centronics The de facto standard for parallel printer ports that is used on
the vast majority of all printers.
Chooser A Macintosh program that allows a user to select a printer on a
network. p. 6-1, 6-3.
Circuit A logical connection between two or more devices on a network.
Client A computer on a local area network that obtains services from a
server on the network.
Command File The VMS equivalent of a batch file. See batch file.
Console A program running on a device (such as print server) that allows
a user to configure and monitor that device. Appendix A.
DCPS Abbreviation for DECprint Supervisor. p. 1-2, 11-8.
Data Link Layer. Layer 2 of the OSI Reference Model that assembles
and disassembles frames, handles synchronization, and detects errors.
Dataproducts A standard for parallel printer ports that was originally
developed by Dataproducts Corporation for its line printers and is
Glossary and Index D-3
common on older Digital Equipment corporation printers. Rarely
used today. Can be handled with TROY XCD external print
servers via a third-party adapter.
DECNET A network operating system and the corresponding
protocol developed by Digital Equipment Corporation. Not to be
confused with LAT, which is a different DEC protocol.
DECprint Supervisor Sophisticated PostScript-based printing
software for VMS that handles job queueing, error and status
reporting, and translation of PCL, Tektronix 4014, and LN03 page
description languages. pp. 1-2, 11-10.
Digital UNIX The latest Digital Equipment Corporation version
of UNIX. It replaces OSF/1 and ULTRIX, and uses standard
Berkeley UNIX TCP/IP and lpr/lpd for printing. p. 4-4.
Direct Mode IPX The protocol used by Windows 95 for peer-topeer communications. Chapter 8.
DLC/LLC A protocol used for printing on Windows for
Workgroups, LAN Manager, and other network operating systems;
being phased out in favor of newer protocols like Windows 95
Peer-to-Peer direct mode IPX and TCP/IP. Chapter 10.
DMA Direct Memory Access. A high performance computer
architecture in which data is transferred in large blocks between
the processor's memory and an external device without any
processor intervention. p. 1-3, 2-11, 2-19, 2-20, A-5
DOS Disk Operating System; now commonly refers to the PC
operating system developed by Microsoft that is officially called
MS-DOS.
Download The process of copying firmware or software from a
computer to another computer or other device on the network
(such as a print server). Appendix C.
Driver Low-level software that interfaces a hardware device such
as a printer to the computer's operating system. The driver allows
programs running on the computer to access the hardware device
in a relatively simple manner.
D-4 Glossary and Index
Duplex Printing Printing on both sides of a sheet of paper.
EIO The internal bus used by the latest HP printers like the HP LaserJet
4000, 5000, and 8000.
Escape Sequence A series of characters, usually starting with the
ESCAPE character (ASCII 27), that is used to control a printer or print
job.
Ethernet The most popular Local Area Network standard, which was
developed originally by Xerox, Intel, and Digital Equipment Corporation.
It operates at a speed of 10 million bits per second.
Ethernet II 1. The second generation of Ethernet, which was developed
before the IEEE 802.3 standard. 2. A frame that is compatible with the
Ethernet II standard. p. A-11.
Ethernet_SNAP Ethernet Sub-Network Access Protocol, an Ethernet
frame type that is derived from the 802.2 standard. p. A-11.
FTP File Transfer Protocol, a TCP/IP-related protocol for transferring
files between devices on a network. pp. C-8 to C-9.
File Server A device on a local area network that provides services to
client computers on the network, such as file sharing, print services, etc.
Firmware The program that operates a microprocessor-based device like
a print server. Essentially the same as software, but the term "software"
usually applies to general-purpose computers. Appendix C.
Flash Memory A type of memory which allows read and write
operations, but permanently stores data when the power is turned off.
Useful for storing firmware, because it can be easily updated by
downloading new code. pp. 1-2, Appendix C.
Font A set of characters (usually the alphabet plus numbers punctuation,
and special characters) that have a particular style.
Form A template describing the way a page will appear when printed.
pp. 11-4 to 11-5, 14-22.
Frame A group of data and control information that is sent over a
network. Often used interchangeably with packet, although frame is
Glossary and Index D-5
normally used with lower-layer protocols like Ethernet, while packet is
associated with higher layer protocols like IP and IPX. p. A-11.
Gateway 1. In TCP/IP jargon, a gateway is the same as a router (see
Router). 2. A device that converts one higher-level network protocol to
a different higher level protocol (for example, a LAT-to-TCP/IP
gateway). pp. 4-18, 4-21
Hops The number of routers that are located between two devices, such
as the print server and the file server. pp. 12-7, 12-9.
Host Computer A computer that provides services to one or more
users.
Hosts File The file on a UNIX host computer (usually in the /etc
directory) that contains a list of host computers on the network). pp. 4-2
to 4-3.
HP/UX The variation of UNIX that runs on Hewlett-Packard
computers. pp. 4-4, 4-6, 4-7.
Hub 1. A multiport repeater for connecting several network segments
together; this term is usually associated with 10baseT networks. 2. A
sophisticated network device consisting of a chassis plus several plug-in
boards, including bridges, routers, 10baseT hubs, and other devices. p
2-13.
IEEE International Electronics and Electrical Engineers, a standards
body that controls the specifications for Ethernet and other networkingrelated standards.
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force; the group that defines the de
facto standards for TCP/IP.
I/O Slot Input/Output slot; in printers, a place where network interface
cards like the TROY XCD XJet are mounted.
IOP Internal Option Port; the bus used on Lexmark 4039 and Optra
Series printers to connect network interface cards like the TROY XCD
XMark.
D-6 Glossary and Index
IP Internet Protocol, one of the core protocols of the TCP/IP protocol
suite. Chapter 4.
IP Address A network address used by the TCP/IP protocol. pp. 3-2 to 33, 4-13 to 4-21, 7-3, 7-7 to 7-8.
IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange, one of the NetWare core protocols.
Used in conjunction with SPX for printing and other applications. 1-2;
chapter 5.
JetAdmin A Hewlett-Packard printer management program available for
NetWare and TCP/IP. pp. 1-2, 4-24, 5-9 to 5-12,5-18, 5-19, 5-20, 5-21, 82, 8-3.
JetStatus A feature of TROY XCD print servers that allows a user to
view the status of the printer. The SHOW SERVER QUEUE command
invokes JetStatus; on XJet IV print servers, more detailed information is
available via the SHOW PORT P1 STATUS command. p A-7.
Job In printing, a document that is sent to the printer from a computer. p.
1-1.
LAN Local Area Network; a high-speed method of interconnecting
devices in a local or campus environment.
LAN Manager A network operating system developed by Microsoft
Corporation. pp 1-1 to 1-2.
LAN Server A network operating system based on Microsoft's LAN
Manager; developed by IBM Corporation. pp 1-1 to 1-2; pp 7-7 to 7-12.
Landscape mode Printing a document with the long edge of the paper at
the top. p. B-3.
LAT Local Area Transport, a protocol originally developed by Digital
Equipment Corporation. pp 1-1 to 1-2, chapter 11, 14-18 to 14-22, A-9,
1-10.
LAT port A logical port through which LAT devices can send data to
other LAT devices. A LAT application port is the default type of LAT
port that is used for printing applications (the other type of LAT port is a
dedicated port that always accesses a single service on the host computer).
Chapter 11.
Glossary and Index D-7
LATCP A VMS utility program used to configure LAT ports. pp. 11-2,
11-4.
LAT Symbiont (LATSYM) A VMS program that controls the printing
of jobs via LAT ports. pp. 11-3 to 11-5.
Legal Size The U.S. long paper size (8.5 x 14 inches).
Letter Size The U.S. standard paper size (8.5 x 11 inches).
LLC Logical Link Control, one of two Ethernet protocol layers that
combined correspond to the OSI data link layer. The LLC layer provides
a hardware-independent interface to higher level protocols.
LN03 An older Digital Equipment Corporation laser printer. The LN03
used the ANSI PPL page description language, while its successor the
LN03-Plus added Sixel graphics capabilities. pp. 1-4.
LocalTalk A low-speed (230.4Kbps) local area network standard
developed by Apple Computer. Normally used with the AppleTalk
protocol. pp. 1-1, 2-15 to 2-16, A-8.
Logical Refers to conceptual rather than physical. For example, a
computer may have a single physical connection to the network (an
Ethernet adapter card), but may have logical connections to many
different devices on the network.
lpd Line Printer Daemon, a program that runs on a host computer or a
dedicated print server that allows other host computers to print jobs on
that computer or print server. TROY XCD print servers use lpd to allow
printing from computers on the network. p. 1-2, Chapter 4.
lpd-Plus A feature of TROY XCD print servers that allows the user to
define multiple services, each with a different setup and reset string. For
example, a user could have one service for landscape printing and another
for duplex printing. Also called logical printers. p. 1-3, Appendix B.
lpr Line Printer Remote, the program that runs on a client computer to
request print services from an lpd host computer or print server. p. 4-22.
lpq A Berkeley UNIX command for obtaining the status of printers.
D-8 Glossary and Index
lpstat An AT&T UNIX command for obtaining the status of printers.
LPT1 The primary parallel port on a PC. Many networking programs
allow transparent printing to network printers by accepting output intended
for LPT1 and redirecting it over the network. pp. 5-28, 5-29, 7-12, 11-8.
MAC Medium Access Control, one of two Ethernet protocol layers that
together correspond to the Data Link layer of the OSI model. The MAC
layer interfaces to the Ethernet hardware. A MAC address is the same as
an Ethernet address.
man page In UNIX systems, the man pages are an on-line help facility
that provide information on various topics.
MAPI Messaging Applications Program Interface, a popular method for
applications programs to send E-mail messages through Windows
operating systems. pp. 13-2 through 13-5.
MIO Modular I/O, the internal bus on newer HP printers that connects to
network interface cards like the TROY XCD XJet IV.
MOP Maintenance-Oriented Protocol, the protocol used by the VMS NCP
and NCL utilities and for downloading files. pp. A-1 to A-2, C-1 to C-3.
multiprotocol Refers to the ability to handle multiple protocols
simultaneously. In a print server, this means that multiple computers can
concurrently send print jobs to the same printer.
Name Server A node on a TCP/IP network that provides a list of all
nodes on the network. The name server is accessible from any node, and
eliminates the need to have separate hosts files on each node.
NCL Network Control Language, the method in OpenVMS V6.1 and later
for accessing and maintaining remote devices. Replaces NCP. pp. 11-1,
A-1 to A-2.
NCP Network Control Program, a VMS utility for accessing and
maintaining remote devices. pp. 11-1, A-1 to A-2.
NDS NetWare Directory Services, a database of network entities in
NetWare 4.xx, such as users, file servers, print servers, etc. NDS is a
global directory service, which means that users anywhere on a network
Glossary and Index D-9
can access a service such as a printer by name without being logged into
the file server that offers that service. p. 1-2, Chapter 5.
NetBEUI A networking protocol that is used on Microsoft network
operating systems. Although NetBEUI can be used for printing, it is being
replaced by newer printing protocols like the Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer
direct mode IPX and TCP/IP. Chapter 9.
NetWare A network operating system developed by Novell. pp. 1-1 to 12, Chapter 5, 14-11 to 14-13, A-8 to A-9.
Network Layer Layer 3 of the OSI Reference Model; establishes paths to
allow packets to be routed throughout the network. IP and IPX are
examples of this layer.
Network Operating System A program that controls the operation of a
network. pp 1-2.
NLM (NetWare Loadable Module) In NetWare 3.xx or 4.xx, a program
that runs on the file server that performs a specific function such as
communications. pp. 5-1, 5-19, 5-21, 5-22
Node A device connected to a network, such as a computer or print
server.
NPRINTER The method for connecting a remote printer to a print server
in NetWare V4.xx. pp. 5-2, 5-3, 5-18 to 5-25.
NWADMIN The Windows-based NetWare Administrator utility that is
used to manage NetWare file servers from a client workstation. pp. 5-14
to 5-16; 5-18 to 5-20.
OpenVMS DEC's latest name for the VMS operating system, which was
originally called VAX/VMS. Chapter 11.
OS/2 IBM's PC operating system. Primarily significant because it is used
as the file server operating system on LAN Manager and LAN Server
networks. Chapter 7.
OS/400 The operating system used on IBM AS/400 minicomputers. p 412.
D-10 Glossary and Index
OSF/1 DEC's version of UNIX that was originally called ULTRIX and is
now called Digital UNIX. OSF/1 uses the standard Berkeley lpr/lpd
procedures for printing to remote host computers and print servers.
OSI Reference Model A seven-layer model developed by the
International Standards Organization which is used as a reference for
developing protocols. Since each layer performs a different function,
development and debugging are simplified, and there is greater flexibility
(for example, this approach allows TCP/IP to run over both Ethernet and
Token Ring).
P1284 An IEEE standard that defines a high-speed bidirectional parallel
printer port. P1284 ports are also compatible with the Centronics standard.
There are three types of physical connectors associated with the 1284
standard: 1284A (25-pin DB25), 1284B (36-pin standard Centronics), and
1284C (miniature Centronics). pp. 1-3, 1-6, , 2-20.
Packet A group of data and control information that is sent over a
network. Often used interchangeably with frame, although frame is
normally used with lower-layer protocols like Ethernet, while packet is
associated with higher layer protocols like IP and IPX.
Page Description Language A control language usually consisting of
commands embedded within a document that control the way the document
will look when printed. Such commands would set the type of fonts, page
margins, colors, graphics, etc. within the document.
Parallel Port On a printer, a port that transfers data 8 bits at a time for
maximum performance. The parallel port usually has a 36-pin Centronics
connector. p. 1-3 through 1-6, 2-7, 2-8, 1-19, 2-20, A-4, A-5.
PATHWORKS The Digital Equipment Corporation network operating
system for PCs and Macintosh computers. pp. 1-2; 11-6 to 11-9, 14-20, 1421, 14-22.
PCL A page description language originally developed by HewlettPackard for its LaserJet printers.
PCONSOLE A NetWare utility program for configuring and managing
printers. pp. 5-16 through 5-17; 5-22 through 5-24.
PDL An abbreviation for Page Description Language.
Glossary and Index D-11
Peer-to-Peer 1. A LAN in which nodes communicate with each other
without the need for a file server. 2. A new protocol for peer-to-peer
communications that is included with Windows 95 (also known as Direct
Mode IPX). Chapter 8.
Physical Layer Layer 1 of the OSI Reference Model; defines the physical
and electrical connection to the network.
PJL Page Job Language, a Hewlett-Packard printer control language that
is independent of the page description language.
Ping A TCP/IP command that determines whether a device is alive on the
network. pp. 4-15 through 4-16, 4-22, 7-3, 7-6, 7-9.
POP3 Post Office Protocol, the protocol used to retrieve E-mail from the
server. pp. 13-2, 13-8, 13-9, 13-11, 13-12, 13-14, A-12.
Port 1. A physical connector, such as the parallel port. 2. A logical
connection to a device.
Portrait mode Printing a document with the short edge of the paper at
the top (the normal method of printing).
PostScript A page description language originally developed by Adobe
that is widely used in graphics arts applications. pp. 6-2, 6-3, 14-16, 1420, B-3, B-5. B-6.
PPD See Printer Description File.
PPL An ANSI-standard page description language originally used in the
DEC LN03 laser printer.
Printcap File The file on a UNIX host computer (usually in the /etc
directory) that contains a list of printers. p. 4-4.
PRINTCON A NetWare utility program for defining the characteristics of
the print job.
PRINTDEF A NetWare utility program for defining the characteristics of
a printer or form. These characteristics are associated with the print job
via the PRINTCON utility.
D-12 Glossary and Index
Printer Description File A file used in PostScript printing that describes
the features available on the printer. Commonly used with Apple
Macintosh computers. Also called a PPD.
Print Server 1. A device that allows multiple host computers to share a
printer over a local area network. 2. In Novell NetWare, a logical device
that services print queues on a file server. Chapter 1, 5.
Protocol A method of sending and receiving data between two or more
nodes on a network, and insuring that the data is received without errors.
Queue A region on the computer or file server's disk where files are
temporarily stored before printing. Since the queue can store multiple
files, it effectively allows users to send their jobs to the printer even if the
printer is busy (a procedure called spooling). Chapters 4 through 12.
Queue Server In Novell NetWare, a queue server is basically the same as
a NetWare print server. Queue Server mode is a NetWare printing method
in which the printer is directly connected to the print server with no
PSERVER NLM installed on the file server. Chapter 5.
rarp Reverse Arp, a standard TCP/IP method of determining a devices IP
address based on its Ethernet address. pp. 4-14, 4-16, 4-17, A-13.
Raw TCP port A type of TCP port (see TCP port) in which data is passed
unmodified to the receiving node. pp. 1-2, 4-23 through 4-25.
RCONSOLE A NetWare utility program that allows a workstation user to
access the file server console.
Remote Console A method of accessing the print server console remotely
via protocols like TELNET or NCP for configuration and management
purposes. pp. 1-3; A-1 to A-3.
Remote Printer In Novell NetWare, a remote printer is a device that
connects a printer to a NetWare print server via a network connection
rather than through the parallel or serial port of the print server. pp. 5-2,
5-3; 5-18 to 5-25.
Repeater A network devices that connects two or more network segments
together and provides the additional function of strengthening and
reshaping the electrical signals, thereby allowing the network to be
extended over greater distances.
Glossary and Index D-13
Reset In printing, a reset is a one or more characters sent after a print job.
Usually, the purpose of a reset is to restore the printer back to its normal
state. pp. B-2 through B-4.
RJ45 A type of modular jack connector similar to a telephone connector
but with 8 wires. Used for 10baseT Ethernet connections and for serial
port connections. pp. 2-9, 2-13.
Router A device that connects networks together. A router operates at
level 3 of the OSI Reference model. A router is called a gateway in TCP/
IP terminology. pp. 4-18, 4-21, A-13.
RPRINTER The method for connecting a remote printer to a print server
in NetWare V3.xx and V2.xx. Replaced by NPRINTER in NetWare
V4.xx. pp. 5-18 to 5-25.
RS-232 The most common serial interface electrical standard. p. 2-8.
RS/6000 IBM's RISC-based family of computers. pp 4-5; 4-7 to 4-8.
SCO UNIX A PC-based UNIX developed by the Santa Cruz Operation.
pp. 4-4, 4-9, 4-10.
Segment A physically or logically separate part of a network, usually a
different cable, that is joined with other segments of the network via a
repeater, bridge, or router to form the complete network.
Serial Port On a printer or print server, a port that transfers data one bit at
a time. Serial ports usually have either 25-pin, 9-pin "D", or RJ45
connectors. pp. 1-3; 2-8 to 2-11.
Server A device on a local area network that provides services to client
computers on the network. See File Server, Print Server.
Service A capability offered by a node on a network. A single node can
have multiple services available. Appendix B.
Setup string. A series of characters that is sent before a print job.
Usually the purpose of a setup string is to put the printer in a special state
(for example, landscape mode). pp. 11-6; Appendix B.
Shell Script The UNIX equivalent of a batch file. See batch file.
D-14 Glossary and Index
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, a protocol used to send E-mail
messages over the Internet. pp. 13-2, 13-5, 13-6, 13-8, 13-10, 13-12, A-12.
SNAP See Ethernet_SNAP.
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol, a protocol for monitoring
and controlling devices on a network. pp. 1-3, A-12.
Solaris A UNIX operating system developed by Sun Microsystems that
runs on Sun computers and Intel-based PCs. pp. 4-4, 4-8.
Spoofing A method normally associated with AppleTalk in which the print
server simulates a bidirectional communications link by sending back
control information to the printer rather than relying on the printer to send
back this information. p. 6-3, A-8.
Spool Directory On UNIX systems, a directory that contains the names of
files being spooled to a printer. p. 4-5, 4-13.
Spooling In printing applications, spooling is the transfer of data to a
temporary storage area on disk (the print queue) prior to printing. Spooling
allows many jobs to be queued to a single printer. Since printers are
relatively slow devices compared to disk drives, spooling allows a user to
submit a job to the printer and then perform other tasks while the job is
being printed.
SPX Sequenced Packet Exchange, one of the NetWare core protocols.
Used in conjunction with IPX for printing and other applications. Chapter 5.
StreetTalk Name The Banyan VINES naming convention used to identify all
items on the network. Chapter 12.
Subnetwork One of several small networks that are joined together into a
single large network.
Subnet Mask A TCP/IP method of dividing a network into several smaller
subnetworks. pp. 4-18, 4-20, 4-21.
Symbiont Software that handles job queuing and printing on an operating
system.
SYSCON A NetWare utility for managing file servers from a client
workstation.
Glossary and Index D-15
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, the de facto
standard for Internet communications that is widely used on local area
networks. Technically, this means the TCP and IP protocols, but the term
has come to encompass all of the related protocols, such as TELNET,
FTP, lpd, etc. pp. 1-1 to 1-2, Chapter 4, Chapter 7, 14-7 to 14-11, A-13
to A-14.
TCP Port A method of accessing a TCP/IP service, where a device with
a single IP address can have multiple TCP ports. For example, TELNET
is port 23, lpd is port 515, etc.; to access a service, you would specify the
IP address of the device plus the TCP port number of the service. p. 4-23
through 4-25.
TCPware A popular VMS TCP/IP software package sold by Process
Software. p. 4-10.
TELNET A TCP/IP protocol that allows two devices to communicate
over a LAN. One of the devices appears as if it were a dumb serial
terminal that is hardwired to the other device. TELNET is used by TROY
XCD print servers to allow devices like PCs to access the print server
remote console. pp. 6-3, A-1 to A-3.
TELNET interpretation In the TELNET protocol, certain characters are
intercepted and handled in a special manner, rather than being sent
directly to the device. p. 4-23.
Text file A file that contains ASCII formatted information, with each line
of text usually separated by a line feed and/or carriage return.
tftp Trivial File Transfer Protocol, a simple method of transferring
information between two TCP/IP devices. pp. C-3 to C-5.
TGV Multinet A TCP/IP software package that runs on VMS. pp. 4-11.
Thin Ethernet See 10base2.
Transport layer Layer 4 of the OSI Reference Model; provides end-toend data integrity. TCP is an example of this layer.
Transceiver In Ethernet networks, a small box that plugs into the AUI
port of a device to allow that device to connect to the Ethernet cable.
Many Ethernet devices have one or more built-in transceivers, which
eliminate need for the AUI port.
D-16 Glossary and Index
UCX The old name for DEC's TCP/IP services for VMS. pp. 4-10.
ULTRIX The original DEC UNIX. ULTRIX supports both TCP/IP and
LAT printing. 4-4; 14-18, 14-19.
.
UNIX A general-purpose computer operating system used on many
different kinds of computers. pp. 1-1 to 1-2; Chapter 4.
VAP Value Added Process, a program that runs on a NetWare 2.xx file
server and performs a specific function such as communications.
VAX Digital Equipment Corporation's family of 32-bit computers that
runs either VMS or some variation of UNIX (ULTRIX, OSF/1, or Digital
UNIX). Chapter 11.
VINES An network operating system developed by Banyan Systems
Incorporated. pp. 1-1 to 1-2; Chapter 12; 14-22, 14-23, A-8, A-9.
VINES IP The protocol used with Banyan VINES. Chapter 12.
VMS An operating system used on Digital Equipment Corporation
computers. pp. 1-1 to 1-2, Chapter 11
WAN Wide Area Network, a network that interconnects computers and
other devices over large distances, most often via telephone company
facilities but also via private networks, public data networks, and satellites.
Warp IBM's latest version of the OS/2 operating system.
Web JetAdmin A Hewlett-Packard software program for Windows NT
that allows HP, TROY XCD, and other print servers to be configured and
managed over the network using a web browser. pp. 1-2, 3-8.
WebXAdmin A feature of new TROY XCD print servers that allows
configuration and management via a web browser. pp. 1-2, 3-4, 3-5, 5-12,
5-13, 5-18, 5-20
Windows 95 and Windows 98 Microsoft's PC operating systems that
feature built-in peer-to-peer networking. pp. 1-1 to 1-2; Chapter 8.
Windows NT Microsoft's multitasking operating system that can be used
either as a client or as a server (Windows NT Advanced Server). pp. 1-1
to 1-2; chapter 7.
Glossary and Index D-17
WINSOCK A popular applications program interface for TCP/IP
networking using Windows operating systems. pp. 13-2 through 13-5.
Wollongong PATHWAY A TCP/IP software package for VMS. pp. 411.
XAdmin TROY XCD's Windows-based utility for managing and
configuring print servers. pp 1-2; pp. 3-1 through 3-4; 5-12 through 5-14;
5-18 through 5-21, 12-6 to 12-8.
XAdmin32 The 32-bit version of TROY XCD's Windows configuration
utility. pp. 1-2; pp. 3-1 through 3-4; 4-14; 5-6 through 5-9; 5-18 through
5-21, 7-3.
XIO Expanded I/O; the internal bus on HP LaserJet II and III printers that
connects to network interface cards like the TROY XCD XJet III.
Zone In AppleTalk, a zone is a subnetwork; that is, a given network can
be subdivided into multiple zones. pp. 6-3, A-7.
D-18 Glossary and Index
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