TROY Group Printer 100S User manual

TROY Group Printer 100S User manual
PocketPro Administrator’s Guide
(For use with TROY PocketPro 100S Print Servers)
NOTE: For best results, view this document using Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher.
Click on the main headings in the table of contents to link directly to that section.
Document #40165-110 Rev. A
Notice
TROY GROUP, INC. SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS OF THIS PRODUCT
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. TROY shall not be liable for any errors contained in this manual or for any damages resulting from loss of use,
data profits, or any incidental or consequential damages arising from the use of TROY products or services.
Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference when operating in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy, and if not installed and used in accordance with this guide, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause interference in which case the user, at his or her own
expense, will be required to take whatever measures will be required to correct the interference.
Trademarks
HP, HP/UX, LaserJet, DesignJet, DeskJet, PaintJet, JetDirect, and JetAdmin are trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company. DEC, DECserver,
VMS, LAT, and ULTRIX are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation. UNIX is a trademark of UNIX Systems Laboratories. Ethernet is a
trademark of Xerox Corporation. PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. NetWare is a trademark of Novell, Inc. Apple,
Macintosh, LaserWriter, and AppleTalk are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. IBM, LAN Server, and AIX are trademarks of International
Business Machines Corporation. LAN Manager, Windows, and MS-DOS are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. VINES is a trademark of
Banyan Systems Inc. PrintKit is a trademark of Northlake Software. QADD is a trademark of Network Compatibility Group. LAN Attached and
UNIX Printing for VINES is a trademark of Incognito Software Inc. XJet, XMark, XConnect, and XAdmin are trademarks of TROY Group, Inc.
TROY is a registered trademark of TROY Group, Inc.
Warranty
The TROY print servers are warranted to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a period of five years. This period begins upon the
date of shipment if the hardware is installed by the Purchaser, or upon installation if the Hardware is installed by TROY. During the warranty
period, TROY will repair or replace the unit at no charge provided it is returned to TROY with the freight pre-paid. The warranty on repaired
products or replacement products is 30 days or the last day of the warranty of the original defective product, whichever is longer. This warranty
does not apply if the product has been damaged by accident, misuse, natural catastrophe, modification, improper service, or conditions resulting
from causes external to the product. The warranty shall be void if the TROY serial numbers have been removed.
Information and descriptions contained herein are the property of TROY Group, Inc. Such information and descriptions may not be copied,
disseminated, or distributed without the express written consent of TROY Group, Inc. This publication is subject to change without notice.
TROY Group, Inc.
2331 S. Pullman Street
Santa Ana, CA 92705
TEL: (949) 250-3280
(800) 332-6427
FAX: (949) 250-8972
http://www.troygroup.com
[email protected]
© Copyright 1992-2003 TROY Group, Inc.
Printed in the United States of America
June 2, 2003
0560
Table of Contents
Preface
This manual is designed and formatted for use as an online document (viewable on your computer screen). The
document contains electronic links that group applicable information and provide quick access to each section of
the manual. For best results, you must use Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher to view or print this document.
Earlier versions of Adobe Acrobat Reader will not produce a properly formatted document on your computer
screen or printer. The latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader is available as a free download from the Adobe
website at http://www.adobe.com.
Conventions
This User’s Guide uses these conventions:
Bold indicates emphasis or a minor heading.
CLICK HERE
to access the
Table of Contents
Italic refers to a document title or is used for emphasis.
COURIER type indicates text visible on a computer screen or keys on your computer keyboard.
DISPLAY FONT indicates text visible on the printer control panel display.
The letter l is used in examples to distinguish the small letter l from the numeral 1 (one).
The character Ø is used in examples to distinguish the letter O from the numeral 0 (zero).
<Esc>, <CR>, <LF>, <FF>, etc. are control characters. Use a text editor to enter the equivalent of the character.
For example, to get <Esc> using a DOS text editor, hold down the Ctrl key; and press the [ (left square bracket)
key. Other text editors may vary.
NOTE:
Notes contain important information set off from the text.
CAUTION:
Caution messages appear before procedures, which, if not observed,
could result in loss of data or in damage to equipment.
WARNING:
Warning messages alert you to a specific procedure or practice,
which, if not followed correctly, could cause serious personal injury.
PocketPro 100S Administrator’s Guide -- Document #40165-110 Rev. A
TOC-1
Table of Contents
TROY
PocketPro
100S Print
Server
Section 1 – Installing the Hardware
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................1-1
Product Features ..........................................................................................................................1-2
Installation Requirements...................................................................................................................1-3
Parallel Port Hardware Setup............................................................................................................1-3
LED Indicators .............................................................................................................................1-4
Test Switch Options......................................................................................................................1-4
EtherNet Connection...........................................................................................................................1-5
Unshielded Twisted Pair Network Connection.................................................................................1-5
Changing the Print Server Reset........................................................................................................1-5
Changing the Print Server Configuration (optional) .......................................................................1-6
Section 2 – Print Server Management Utilities
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................2-1
TROY ExtendView Utility..................................................................................................................2-1
Xadmin32 Utility .................................................................................................................................2-1
TROY WebXAdmin Utility ................................................................................................................2-2
Accessing the WebXAdmin Utility..............................................................................................2-2
TROY Print Server Command Console............................................................................................2-2
Using TELNET Commands.........................................................................................................2-3
Using XCONFIG Commands......................................................................................................2-3
HP JetAdmin Utility............................................................................................................................2-4
HP Web JetAdmin Utility...................................................................................................................2-4
PocketPro 100S Administrator’s Guide -- Document #40165-110 Rev. A
TOC-2
Table of Contents
TROY
PocketPro
100S Print
Server
Section 3 – TCP/IP Network Configuration
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................3-1
TROY TCP/IP Concepts.....................................................................................................................3-1
TCP/IP UNIX Host Configuration.....................................................................................................3-1
HP/UX Configuration ..................................................................................................................3-4
IBM RS/6000 AIX Configuration ...............................................................................................3-5
Sun Solaris 2.x Configuration .....................................................................................................3-6
SCO UNIX Configuration ...........................................................................................................3-7
Other Non-Standard Configuration Options.............................................................................3-8
Using ExtendView to Assign an IP Address.............................................................................3-11
Using DHCP to Configure the Print Server IP Address.........................................................3-11
Using arp and ping to Configure the Print Server IP Address ..............................................3-12
Using rarp to Configure the Print Server IP Address ............................................................3-13
Using BOOTP to Configure the Print Server IP Address ......................................................3-14
Configuring the Print Server IP Address with NCP or XCONFIG ......................................3-15
IP Security..........................................................................................................................................3-17
Raw TCP Ports ..................................................................................................................................3-17
Changing the Configuration (optional) ...........................................................................................3-18
Section 4 – Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................4-1
NetWare Concepts...............................................................................................................................4-1
General Information ...........................................................................................................................4-2
Before You Begin..........................................................................................................................4-2
Default Names (Service Names) ..............................................................................................................4-3
Configuring the Print Server in Queue Server Mode ......................................................................4-3
Configuring the Print Server in Bindery Queue Server Mode Using ExtendView................4-4
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TOC-3
Table of Contents
TROY
PocketPro
100S Print
Server
Configuring the Print Server in NDS Queue Server Mode Using ExtendView .....................4-9
Configuring the Print Server Using HP JetAdmin 3.xx .........................................................4-20
Configuring the Print Server Using WebXAdmin ..................................................................4-21
Configuring the Print Server in NDS Queue Server Mode Using WebXAdmin..................4-21
Adding NetWare Print Queues Using NWAdmin (Queue Server Mode) .............................4-24
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue Using PCONSOLE and XCONFIG ..........4-25
Adding NetWare Print Queues in Queue Server Mode Using NWAdmin ...........................4-27
Configring the Print Server and Print Queue Using NDPS ..........................................................4-35
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue with the TROY Wireless Gateway ............4-35
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue with the Novell Gateway ............................4-43
Adding a Printer in Windows Workstation Using the NDPS Print Queue...........................4-44
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue in Remote Printer Mode....................................4-49
Configuring the Print Server for Remote Printer Mode Using NWAdmin..........................4-49
Configuring the Print Server for Remote Printer Mode Using ExtendView........................4-62
Configuring the Print Server/Print Queue Using NWAdmin, WebXAdmin, JetAdmin.....4-66
Configuring the Print Server and Print Queue Using PCONSOLE and XCONFIG ..........4-67
Configuring the Workstation ...........................................................................................................4-70
Configuring the Workstation (Windows 95/98/ME) ...............................................................4-70
Configuring the Workstation (Windows 2000/XP) .................................................................4-70
Configuring the Workstation (Windows NT 4.xx) ..................................................................4-75
Configuring the Workstation (Windows 3.xx).........................................................................4-75
Configuring the Workstation (DOS-based NetWare Drivers)...............................................4-76
Testing the Print Queue .............................................................................................................4-76
Changing the Print Server Configuration (optional) .....................................................................4-76
PocketPro 100S Administrator’s Guide -- Document #40165-110 Rev. A
TOC-4
Table of Contents
TROY
PocketPro
100S Print
Server
Section 5 – AppleTalk Network Configuration
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................5-1
AppleTalk Concepts ............................................................................................................................5-1
Macintosh Configuration....................................................................................................................5-1
OS 8.x and 9.x ................................................................................................................................5-1
OS 10.x...........................................................................................................................................5-2
Section 6 – Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................6-1
Windows NT/2000 IP Configuration .................................................................................................6-1
Windows 2000/XP Standard TCP/IP Printer Configuration...................................................6-3
Windows NT 4.xx Configuration (LPR/LPD)............................................................................6-4
Windows NT 3.5x Configuration .......................................................................................................6-5
LAN Server/Warp Server Configuration..........................................................................................6-5
Section 7 – Windows Setup
Setup Procedure...................................................................................................................................7-1
Section 8 – IPP Configuration
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................8-1
Windows 2000 IPP Configuration .....................................................................................................8-1
Configuring IPP on Other Operating Systems .................................................................................8-1
Section 9 – Troubleshooting
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................9-1
Installation Problems ..........................................................................................................................9-1
Intermittent Problems.........................................................................................................................9-4
TCP/IP Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................9-4
NetWare Troubleshooting ..................................................................................................................9-6
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TOC-5
Table of Contents
TROY
PocketPro
100S Print
Server
Appletalk Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................9-7
Windows Server Troubleshooting......................................................................................................9-8
Section 10 – Customer Support and Warranty
Introduction .......................................................................................................................................10-1
Worldwide Web Support ..................................................................................................................10-1
Obtaining Technical Support ...........................................................................................................10-1
Returning Products ...........................................................................................................................10-2
Extended Service Program ...............................................................................................................10-3
Warranty .....................................................................................................................................10-3
Disclaimer....................................................................................................................................10-3
Contacts ..............................................................................................................................................10-3
Appendix A – Command Summary
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................A-1
TELNET.......................................................................................................................................A-1
XCONFIG ....................................................................................................................................A-1
General Server Commands ...............................................................................................................A-2
Appletalk Commands.........................................................................................................................A-6
NetBIOS/NetBEUI Commands .........................................................................................................A-7
NetWare Commands ..........................................................................................................................A-8
SNMP Commands ............................................................................................................................A-10
TCP/IP Commands ..........................................................................................................................A-11
Appendix B – Using Services
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ B-1
Available Services............................................................................................................................... B-1
Predefined Command Strings ........................................................................................................... B-1
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TOC-6
Table of Contents
TROY
PocketPro
100S Print
Server
Enabling Protocols on a Service................................................................................................. B-3
Adding Filters to a Service.......................................................................................................... B-4
Changing the Service Name........................................................................................................ B-4
Using Service Names with TCP/IP or NetWare ....................................................................... B-5
Using the Character Substitution Filter .................................................................................... B-5
Appendix C – Reloading the Firmware
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................C-1
Downloading from a Windows Computer Using XAdmin32 .........................................................C-1
Downloading from a Windows NT or UNIX Host Computer Using Master Mode tftp..............C-2
Downloading from a UNIX Host Computer Using Slave Mode tftp .............................................C-3
Downloading from a UNIX Host Computer Using BOOTP ..........................................................C-4
Downloading from a NetWare Server ..............................................................................................C-5
Obtaining Firmware Updates............................................................................................................C-5
Appendix D – Glossary
PocketPro 100S Administrator’s Guide -- Document #40165-110 Rev. A
TOC-7
Section 1
Introduction
Installing the Hardware
TROY external print servers allow multiple host computers to share virtually any type of printer or plotter on a
high-speed local area network (LAN). The PocketPro 100S is a compact low-cost Ethernet print server designed
to connect a printer with a parallel port to an Ethernet (10baseT) or Fast Ethernet (100baseT) network.
You can print jobs on a printer or plotter connected to a TROY external print server as if the printer or plotter
were attached directly to your computer. No special software is required on the host computers, and application
programs run without any modification. Because the TROY PocketPro 100S provides multiprotocol capabilities,
users on UNIX, Novell, AppleTalk, LAN Server, Windows NT/2000/XP, Windows 95/98/ME, and LAN
Manager computers can simultaneously access the same printer. The following diagram illustrates how TROY
external print servers are used in a typical network.
PocketPro 100S Administrator’s Guide -- Document #40165-110 Rev. A
1-1
Section 1
Product Features
Installing the Hardware
The TROY PocketPro 100S print server offers the widest range of features in the industry:
TCP/IP, NetWare, AppleTalk, DLC/LLC, NetBEUI
Network Operating System compatibility:
- UNIX systems that support the Berkeley lpr/lpd printing protocol, or printing to a raw TCP port
- Novell NetWare V2.15 or above, V3.xx, or V4.xx, including support for bindery mode, Novell
Directory Services (NDS), and NDPS (Novell Distributed Print Servers)
- Windows NT and NTAS V3.5 or above, and Windows NT/2000/XP
- IBM OS/2, LAN Server, Warp Server
- Windows 95/98/ME (Peer-to-Peer or client mode)
- Windows for Workgroups (Peer-to-Peer or client mode)
High-speed Centronics parallel port compatible with IEEE P1284 bidirectional parallel interface standard
Superior network and printer management:
- Compatible with Hewlett-Packard JetAdmin and Web JetAdmin printer management software
(NOTE: The HP JetAdmin utility is no longer available for download from the HP web site)
- ExtendView, XAdmin32, WebXAdmin
- Remote console management via TELNET, or Xconfig (over Netware)
PrintraNet software for transparently sending documents to remote locations over the Internet
Internet Printing Protocol (IPP)
lpd-Plus feature for providing multiple services with a custom setup and reset strings, character substitution,
and text-to-PostScript conversion
Flash memory for easy updating of firmware via NetWare, BOOTP, tftp (master or slave mode)
AppleTalk spoofing capabilities for support of non-bidirectional parallel printers
AppleTalk binary support on printers that support the HP Tagged Binary Communications Protocol
IP address configuration via DHCP, BOOTP, rarp, arp, Xadmin32, ExtendView, or remote console
IP security to restrict printing based on IP address
A printer or plotter that uses a Centronics-compatible 36-pin female parallel port, IEEE P1284 bidirectional
parallel interface
PocketPro 100S Administrator’s Guide -- Document #40165-110 Rev. A
1-2
Section 1
Installation
Requirements
Installing the Hardware
A Windows Operating System CD
An additional Ethernet (category 5) network cable
A Web browser such as Internet Explorer or Netscape (to use the WebXAdmin utility)
NOTE: If you are not sure that you have the required components, please ask your system administrator for
assistance, or call TROY Technical Support at (800) 332-6427. Customers outside the U.S., call (949) 250-3280,
Extension 200.
Parallel Port
Hardware
Setup
1. Before attempting to install the TROY PocketPro 100S print server, make sure you have installed your printer
or plotter as described in the documentation for the device.
2. Plug the TROY PocketPro 100S print server directly into the parallel port (36-pin female connector) on your
printer. No additional data cable is required.
NOTE: In the event that the print server cannot be connected directly to the printer's Centronics port, a 36-to-36pin Centronics (male-to-female) cable can be ordered from TROY (p/n CABLE-CEN2). For printers that use the
miniature Centronics IEEE 1284C connector, TROY offers the CABLE C/B adapter cable.
3. Plug the PocketPro power supply adapter into a 120-volt AC receptacle.
4. Plug the PocketPro power supply cable into the PocketPro 100S print server.
5. Switch your printer power ON.
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1-3
Section 1
LED Indicators
Installing the Hardware
The back edge of the PocketPro 100S provides LED (Light Emitting Diodes) indicators for easy monitoring. The
following table defines the function of each LED.
The back edge of the TROY print server provides LED indicators (Light Emitting Diodes) for easy monitoring.
The following table defines the function of each LED.
Label
POWER
DATA
Color
ORANGE
GREEN
LINK
YELLOW
Test Switch
Options
State
Status
ON
The unit is receiving power.
OFF
The unit is not receiving power.
ON
The unit is transmitting at 100 megabits per second.
OFF
The unit is transmitting at 10 megabits per second.
ON
There is an Ethernet link.
OFF
There is no Ethernet link.
Blinking
There is network activity.
DATA+LINK
YELLOW
GREEN
Blinking
Alternately
DATA+LINK
YELLOW
GREEN
Blinking
Simultaneously
A fatal error or exception has occurred.
The firmware is being updated.
To print a self-test page, press and hold the Test switch for one-eighth of a second but less than five seconds.
To reset the unit back to factory default settings, press and hold the Test switch for at least five seconds, and
then power-cycle the unit.
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1-4
Section 1
Installing the Hardware
EtherNet
Connection
The TROY PocketPro 100S print server can connect to either a 100baseTX Fast Ethernet network or a 10baseT
Ethernet network. It automatically senses the type of network, so no configuration is required.
Unshielded
Twisted Pair
Network
Connection
To connect the TROY PocketPro 100S to a 10baseT unshielded twisted pair (UTP) Ethernet network, you will
need an unshielded twisted pair Ethernet hub with at least one unused port installed on your network, plus an
appropriate length of RJ45 modular cable.
To connect the TROY PocketPro 100S to a 100baseTX Fast Ethernet network, you will need a 100baseTX Fast
Ethernet hub with at least one unused port, plus an appropriate length of Category 5 RJ45 modular cable.
Connect one end of the RJ45 cable to the print server connector labeled "100baseTX/10baseT", and then connect
the other end to a port on the twisted pair Ethernet hub. The TROY PocketPro 100S will automatically determine
whether it is connected to a 10baseT or 100baseTX network.
Changing the
Print Server
Reset
The printer reset is a sequence of characters that is sent to the printer after the job is completed. It ensures that
the last page of the job is ejected from the printer and that the printer is reset to its default state so that the next
job will print properly.
The default printer reset for a TROY PocketPro 100S print server is a null, except on the TCP/IP text service,
which has <Formfeed> as the default. A null reset means that some print jobs may not be ejected upon
completion. Some operating systems, such as NetWare, provide the ability to insert a reset sequence at the end of
each job, in which case the TROY PocketPro 100S null reset is adequate. Also, Microsoft Windows printer
drivers typically provide a printer reset at the end of each job. But for those operating systems that do not
provide this reset capability, the TROY PocketPro 100S provides the ability to customize the printer reset to meet
the requirements of virtually any type of printer. The following predefined reset strings are available:
No.
1
2
3
4
11
Definition
Null (use if no reset is desired)
<ESC>E
CTRL-D
<ESC>%-12345X
<Formfeed>
PocketPro 100S Administrator’s Guide -- Document #40165-110 Rev. A
Printer
--------PCL printer
PostScript printer
PJL (use with newer HP and Lexmark/IBM printers)
General
1-5
Section 1
Installing the Hardware
Changing the
Print Server
Reset (cont.)
Refer to your printer documentation if you do not know the proper reset string. Use the null string if you are
planning to reset the printer from the host software (for example, from a Windows driver). If you want to define
a new reset string, refer to Appendix B.
You can insert a printer reset command either before or after each job, although generally the reset goes at the
end of the job. TROY print servers allow you to define multiple services for a given port. This is useful, for
example, if you want to use different reset strings with the same printer. For example, you might want to define a
service for UNIX jobs that contains an <ESC-E> reset, and a different service for NetWare that has no reset.
Print jobs are normally sent to service 1 (TWC_XXXXXX_P1, where “XXXXXX” is the last six digits of
Ethernet address, for all protocols except TCP/IP and AppleTalk) or service 2 (BINARY_P1, for TCP/IP). Refer
to Appendix B for additional information on using services.
To change the printer reset on a TROY PocketPro 100S print server using the XAdmin32 utility, double-click on
the print server name, enter the password (ACCESS by default), and then click on the Services tab, double-click
on the desired service, and then select the appropriate Printer Control String.
Alternatively, you may use the remote console by typing in the following command:
SET SERVICE servicename EOT stringno
The "servicename" is the name of the service (do a SHOW SERVICE command for a list of services) and
stringno is the number of the string. For example to use string 3 (the PostScript CTRL-D reset) on the default
parallel port service, you would enter the following:
SET SERVICE BINARY_P1 EOT 3
Changing the
Print Server
Configuration
(Optional)
In addition to changing the printer reset string, you can modify the TROY print server configuration in a number
of other ways. The procedure and commands for changing the configuration are described in Appendix A.
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1-6
Section 2
Introduction
Print Server Management Utilities
TROY offers a wide variety of ways to configure and monitor the PocketPro 100S external print server. This
section discusses the installation and the basic usage of several management utilities. These methods include the
use of one or more of the following utilities:
TROY ExtendView Utility (included on the TROY PocketPro 100S Installation CD)
TROY XAdmin32 Utility (available for download from the TROY web site)
TROY WebXAdmin Web-browser Utility
TROY Print Server Command Console
HP JetAdmin Windows-based Utility (no longer available for download from the HP web site)
HP Web JetAdmin Web-browser Utility
TROY
ExtendView
Utility
ExtendView is a 32-bit Windows utility using the TCP/IP or IPX/SPX protocols. To take full advantage of the
capabilities of ExtendView, you should use the Novell 32-bit client software on the PC workstation that is used
for configuring the print queues.
To install ExtendView (designed for Microsoft Windows 95/98/ME/2000/NT/XP operating systems), perform
the following steps:
1. Insert the TROY PocketPro 100S CD into the CD-ROM of your computer, and select Install Software.
2. Select TCP/IP Management Utilities, and then click on Next.
3. Select ExtendView, and then click on Install.
NOTE: For a detailed description of the ExtendView utility, please refer to the Help files provided with the utility.
XAdmin32
Utility
XAdmin32 is a 32-bit Windows utility using the TCP/IP or IPX/SPX protocols. To take full advantage of the
capabilities of XAdmin32, you should use the Novell 32-bit client software on the PC workstation that is used for
configuring the print queues.
To install XAdmin32, download a copy of the software from the TROY web site (http://www.troygroup.com).
NOTE: For a detailed description of the XAdmin32 utility, please refer to the Help files provided with the utility.
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2-1
Section 2
Print Server Management Utilities
TROY
WebXAdmin
Utility
WebXAdmin allows you to configure the print server with a standard web browser like Netscape Navigator or
Microsoft Internet Explorer. It can therefore be used on any operating system that supports web browser
capabilities. To use WebXAdmin, you must first make sure that you have a web browser installed on your
computer and that you have configured an IP address in both the computer and the print server. Also make sure
that you have configured your TCP/IP stack to communicate over the local area network (rather than via a PPP
dial-up connection).
Accessing the
WebXAdmin
Utility
To use the WebXAdmin utility, start your web browser and enter the IP address of the print server as the
destination web site. Once you are connected, enter the password (ACCESS is the default password) and select
the protocol or other item that you wish to configure. You will then be connected to the appropriate web page for
configuration of that item. You may use the normal browser buttons to move forward and back through the web
pages.
TROY Print
Server
Command
Console
All TROY print servers support a sophisticated command-line-oriented console for configuration and
management. This console contains features that are not available through WebXAdmin, including sophisticated
diagnostic capabilities. The TROY print server command console can be accessed via TELNET and the TROY
XCONFIG NetWare Utility. It is also available through one of the web pages using the WebXAdmin Utility.
The general configuration procedure is the same regardless of which method is used.
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2-2
Section 2
Using TELNET
Commands
Print Server Management Utilities
To connect to the print server using TELNET on UNIX, Windows NT, or most other TCP/IP systems, type the
following command at the UNIX system prompt:
TELNET ipaddress
The ipaddress is the IP address of the print server. When you are connected, push RETURN or ENTER to get
the "#" prompt, enter the password ACCESS (it will not echo), and type anything in response to the Enter
Username> prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, you are ready to enter commands.
Using XCONFIG
Commands
To connect to the print server using the TROY XCONFIG NetWare Utility, insert the TROY Print Server
Software CD in your CD-ROM drive, browse the CD contents and look for XCONFIG.
If you have only one print server, you will be immediately connected. If you have more than one print server,
you will be given a list of available print servers. Type the number of the print server you want to connect to.
When you are connected, enter the password ACCESS (it will not echo) at the "#" prompt, and type anything in
response to the Enter Username> prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, you are ready to enter commands.
PocketPro 100S Administrator’s Guide -- Document #40165-110 Rev. A
2-3
Section 2
HP JetAdmin
Utility
Print Server Management Utilities
NOTE: The TROY PocketPro 100S works transparently with the HP (Hewlett-Packard) JetAdmin utility; however,
this utility has been discontinued and is no longer available for download from the HP web site.
The TROY PocketPro 100S will appear in the list of configured print servers unless IPX is not running on the
computer and the print server is not configured with a valid IP address. If this is the case, select Device from the
menu bar and click on New. Select the desired print server from the list of unconfigured devices, and then press
Configure. Enter the requested information, including the IP address, subnet mask, and gateway, and then click
on Close to return to the list of configured print servers.
You may now select the print server from the list, and click on the Modify button (or select Device, and then
Modify from the menu bar) to change the print server configuration.
HP Web
JetAdmin
Utility
Once you are connected and are at the Web JetAdmin home page, click on the Find Device tab, and then click on
Find All Devices to get a list of all Web JetAdmin-compatible print servers (or you may limit your search by
using the Advanced Search method). Click on the desired TROY print server name, and the Properties page will
be displayed for that print server. Click on the Config tab to configure the print server.
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Section 3
TCP/IP Network Configuration
Introduction
The TROY PocketPro 100S print servers include the TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
suite. Since virtually all UNIX host computers support TCP/IP, this capability allows a printer to be shared on a
UNIX Ethernet network. TCP/IP communications can proceed concurrently with other protocols, which means
that UNIX, NetWare, Apple, and other computers can share the same printer over an Ethernet network using a
TROY print server.
TROY TCP/IP
Concepts
The TROY PocketPro 100s using TCP/IP appears to the network as a UNIX host computer with a unique IP
address running the lpd (line printer daemon) protocol. As a result, any host computer that supports the Berkeley
remote-LPR command can spool jobs to the TROY print server without the need for any special software on the
host computer. Application programs run transparently, and users do not need to learn new procedures to use the
printer. TROY print servers also support gateways for communications with hosts on remote networks. In
addition, raw TCP ports are available for special applications and compatibility with HP JetDirect print servers.
The TROY PocketPro 100S is preconfigured to run on a TCP/IP network with a minimum of setup. The only
mandatory configuration in the print server is the entering of an IP address (the TROY PocketPro 100S comes
with a default IP address of 192.0.0.192, but this should be changed to meet the addressing requirements of your
network.
TCP/IP UNIX
Host
Configuration
The configuration process for most UNIX systems is described in the following steps. Unfortunately, this
process is not entirely standardized, so it is recommended that you refer to your system documentation (or man
pages) for additional information.
1. Configure the /etc/hosts file (or equivalent local host table) on each UNIX host that needs to communicate
with the TROY print server, or provide similar information to a name server on the network. Use your
favorite editor to add an entry to the /etc/hosts file containing the IP address and node name of the TROY
print server.
EXAMPLE:
192.189.207.3
TWC_00C351
The actual format of the entry may vary depending on your system, so check your system documentation, and
also note the format of other entries in the etc/hosts file.
NOTE: The node name in this file does not necessarily need to be the same as the one that is actually configured
in the TROY PocketPro 100S (the name that appears on the printer self-test), but it is good practice to make the
names the same; however, some operating systems, such as HP/UX, do not accept the "_" character in the default
name, so for these systems you must use a different name. In any case, the node name in the /etc/hosts file must
match the node name in the /etc/printcap file. Some systems, such as HP/UX and AIX, allow you to enter the IP
address as the host name when setting up the print queue. In this case, you do not need to configure the host file.
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Section 3
TCP/IP Network Configuration
TCP/IP UNIX
Host
Configuration
(cont.)
2. Choose which TROY print server service you want to use. There are two types of services available on the
TROY PocketPro 100S. Binary services pass data through unmodified and are therefore required for PCL or
PostScript rasterized graphics printouts. Text services add a carriage return at the end of each line for proper
formatting of UNIX text files (which end in linefeed and do not have carriage returns). The text service can
also be used for non-rasterized graphics, such as ASCII PostScript graphics or many types of PCL graphics.
If you are using the parallel port on the print server, choose one of the available services (this service name will
be used in step 3):
BINARY_P1 Binary (parallel port)
TEXT_P1
Text (parallel port)
You may set up multiple print queues on your UNIX host computer for the same TROY print server, each with a
different service name (for example, one queue for binary graphics jobs and one for text jobs). Refer to
Appendix B for additional information on using services.
NOTE: The following step applies to the majority of UNIX systems, including Sun OS (but not Solaris 2.xx), Silicon
Graphics (lpr/lpd option required), DEC ULTRIX, DEC OSF/1, and Digital UNIX. Users of RS/6000 AIX, HP/UX, Sun
Solaris 2.xx, and other systems that do not use the printcap file should skip to Step #4. SCO users should also
skip to section 3-A (SCO uses the printcap file, but this file is automatically configured via the rlpconf command.
3. Configure the /etc/printcap file on each host computer to specify the local print queue, the TROY print
server name (also called remote machine or rm), and the TROY print server service name (also called remote
printer, remote queue, or rp), and the spool directory. An example of a typical printcap file is as follows:
laser1|Printer on Floor 1:\
:lp=:\
:rm=TWC_003C51:\
:rp=TEXT_P1:\
:sd=/usr/spool/lpd/laser1:
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Section 3
TCP/IP Network Configuration
TCP/IP UNIX
Host
Configuration
(cont.)
This will create a queue named laser1 on the host computer that communicates to a TROY print server with a
node name (rm) of TWC_003C51 and a service name (rp) of TEXT_P1 for printing text files to the printer
through the spool directory /usr/spool/lpd/laser1. If you are printing binary graphics files, you would use the
service BINARY_P1 instead of TEXT_P1.
NOTE: The rm and rp options are not available on all UNIX systems; so, if necessary, check your documentation
(or man pages) to determine the equivalent options.
Users of Berkeley-compatible UNIX systems can use the lpc command to obtain the printer status:
%lpc status
laser1:
queuing is enabled
printing is enabled
no entries
no daemon present
Users of AT&T-compatible UNIX systems can generally use the lpstat or rlpstat commands to obtain similar
status information. Because this procedure varies from system to system, refer to your system documentation for
the exact usage.
NOTE: Skip Step #4 if you have completed Step #3.
4. If you have an HP/UX system, IBM RS/6000 AIX computer, or Sun Solaris 2.xx, there is no printcap file.
This is also true for some other AT&T-based UNIX systems, as well as many VMS-based TCP/IP software
packages (for example, UCX, TGV Multinet, etc.). On SCO systems, there is a printcap file, but it is
automatically configured by rlpconf command. Most of these systems use a printer setup program to define
the service name (remote printer), the TROY print server name (remote machine) or IP address, and the local
queue name (spool directory).
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Section 3
HP/UX
Configuration
TCP/IP Network Configuration
In the case of HP/UX 10.xx, the sam program is used to set up the remote printer. The steps are as follows:
1. Execute the sam program. When you get a list of options, select Printers and Plotters.
2. Select LP Spooler.
3. Select Printers and Plotters.
4. Select Actions, and then select Add Remote Printer/Plotter.
Enter any name as the Printer Name (this will be the name of the print queue).
Enter the IP address of the print server as the Remote System Name.
Enter the desired print server service name as the Remote Printer Name.
Check the box next to Remote Printer is on BSD System. You may accept the default values for the
remaining items.
5. Click OK to configure the printer. You should now be able to print using the lp -d command with the printer
name.
If you are using the HP Distributed Print Service, the configuration procedure is slightly different because you are
sending the print jobs to a file server, which in turn spools the jobs to the print server. Therefore, you must know
the name of the file server (spooler host) in addition to the above information. You will add a physical printer
and a remote printer, and then assign a logical printer name to the remote printer (a unique name that does not
match any other name). To print, use the lp -d command with the logical printer name.
Earlier versions of HP/UX use similar procedures to 10.xx:
1. Enter sam and select "Peripheral Devices" and then "Add Remote Printer" (not "networked printer").
2. Enter the following remote printer settings (the other settings do not matter):
Line printer name (user-selectable)
Remote system name (the TROY print server name; must match what is in hosts file or use TROY print
server IP address)
Remote printer queue (TROY print server binary or text service name)
Remote Printer is on a BSD System (Yes)
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Section 3
IBM RS/6000
AIX
Configuration
TCP/IP Network Configuration
The RS/6000 AIX operating system uses the smit program to set up the remote printer. The procedure is as follows
for AIX 4.0 and later:
1. Enter SMIT and select “devices”
2. Select “Printer/Plotter”
3. Select “Print Spooling”
4. Select “Add a Print Queue”
5. Select “Remote”
6. Enter the following Remote Printer Settings:
Name of queue (user selectable)
Host Name of Remote Printer (TROY Print server name; must match name /etc/hosts file or use TROY
print server IP address)
Name of queue on remote server (TROY print server binary or text service name)
Type of print spooler: BSD (press the list button and choose BSD).
The procedure for pre-V4.0 systems is as follows:
1. Enter smit and select "Devices"
2. Select "Printer/plotter"
3. Select "Manage remote printer subsystem"
4. Select "Client services"
5. Select "Remote printer queues"
6. Select "Add a remote queue"
7. Enter the following remote queue settings:
Name of queue to add (user selectable)
Activate the queue (Yes)
Destination host (TROY print server name; must match name in /etc/hosts file or use the print server IP
address)
Name of queue on remote printer (TROY print server binary or text service name)
Name of device to add (user selectable; for example, lp0)
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Section 3
Sun Solaris 2.x
Configuration
TCP/IP Network Configuration
The Sun Solaris 2.x uses the lpsystem and lpadmin programs for remote printer configuration:
lpsystem -t bsd troyname
lpadmin -p queue -s troyname!\troyservice
accept queue
[not required on newer Solaris systems]
enable queue
[not required on newer Solaris systems]
The queue is the name of the local print queue, troyname is the TROY print server name (must match the entry in
the /etc/hosts file) or IP address and troyservice is the TROY print server binary or text service. If this is the first
printer configured, you must also use the lpsched command immediately prior to the accept command.
As an alternative, you may use Printer Manager in the admintool utility under OpenWindows. Select Edit, Add,
and Add Access to Remote Printer.
Then enter the TROY print server name in the format
troyname!\troyservice as described above. Make sure that the Printer Server OS is set to BSD (the
default setting), and then click on Add.
It is recommend that you use the /etc/hosts file for the printer name rather than NIS or other name services. Also
note that due to a bug in the Sun lpd implementation on Solaris 2.4 and earlier releases, you may experience
problems printing very long print jobs. If this is the case, a workaround is to use the raw TCP port with the HP
JetDirect software as described later in this section.
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Section 3
SCO UNIX
Configuration
TCP/IP Network Configuration
SCO UNIX requires TCP/IP V1.2 or later to work with the TROY PocketPro 100S. You must first configure the
/etc/hosts file as described in step 2. If necessary, start lpr services with the mkdev rlp command (this
command must be executed only one time or serious problems may result!). Then issue the rlpconf command
at the SCO system prompt. Respond to the questions as follows:
Printer name. Enter the name of the print server service (usually BINARY_P1 for binary graphics files or
TEXT_P1 for ASCII text files). If you are configuring more than one TROY print server, you will need
to change the print server service name on each print server to a unique name (using the WebXAdmin
Configure Service facility or the SET SERVICE oldname NAME newname command; refer to Appendix
A and Appendix B for details), because the service name is also used as the name of the print queue.
Remote printer or a local printer: Enter "r" for remote
Name of the remote host that <Printer name> is attached to: Enter the name of the TROY print server
that you configured in the /etc/hosts file)
System default printer: Enter either "y or "n" to make the printer the system default printer.
You should now be able to print to your queue. Note that this procedure assigns the queue name as the same as
the name of the print server's service. If you want to name the queue something different than the service name,
edit the /etc/printcap file.
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Section 3
Other NonStandard
Configuration
Options
TCP/IP Network Configuration
With DEC TCP/IP Services for VMS (UCX), you first need to put a name for the TROY PocketPro 100S in the
HOSTS file using the command SET HOST name /ADDRESS=ipaddress at the UCX> prompt, where
name is the desired name for the print server and ipaddress is the IP address for the print server. Then use the
sys$system:ucx$lprsetup command to add a printer (print queue). Enter the desired printer name, and
then use the TROY print server name as the remote system name. Specify one of the TROY print server services
(see beginning of this section for options) as the remote system printer name (accept the defaults for other
questions).
Process Software's TCPware simply uses the VMS INIT/QUEU command with their special symbiont in the
following format:
INIT/QUEUE/PROC=TCPWARE_TSSSYM/ON="host,port" queue
The host is the IP address or name of the TROY print server, port is the TROY print server raw TCP port number
(9100 for the parallel port), and queue is the VMS queue name.
TGV's Multinet requires you to run the MULTINET CONFIGURE /PRINTERS command, then use the ADD
command to add a printer, specifying the TROY print server IP address, a protocol type of LPD, and one of the
service options described at the beginning of this section as the remote print queue.
With Wollongong's PATHWAY, first make sure that you have the Access option with lpd enabled. Then enter
the print server name and IP address in the TWG$TCP:[NETDIST.ETC]HOSTS. file, run the LPGEN program,
and execute the command add queue/rmachine=troyname/rprinter=service, where queue is the
name of the queue, troyname is the TROY print server name from the hosts file, and service is the TROY print
server service name.
To use a TROY PocketPro 100S with an IBM AS/400 running IBM’s TCP/IP Gateway Services for OS/400 (the
OS/400 system must be v3.1 or later):
1. Assign a TCP/IP address to the AS/400 and the TROY PocketPro 100S.
2. Use the CFGTCP command at your OS/400 prompt to add the print server’s TCP/IP address to the AS/400
host table.
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Section 3
Other NonStandard
Configuration
Options (cont.)
TCP/IP Network Configuration
3. Use the following one-line OS/400 command to create the LPD queue:
CRTOUTQ
OUTQ(<queuename>
RMSTSYS
(*INTNETADR)
RMTPRTO(<service>)
AUTOSTRWTR(1) CNNTYPE(*IP) DESTTYPE (*OTHER) MFRTYPMDL (<driver>)
INTNETADR(‘<ipaddress>’) TEXT (‘<description>’)
The <queuename> is the new AS/400 print queue name, <service> is the TROY print server service name,
<driver> is the OS/400 printer driver name (*HP4 is recommended if in doubt), and <ipaddress> is the IP address
of the print server. Note that the IP address and description must be enclosed in single quotes.
Other systems use similar procedures to set up the TROY print server. These programs will generally ask for the
following information:
Requested information:
remote printer or remote
You should use:
TROY print server binary or text service name
remote host computer name
Any name (must match name in printcap file, if any), or in some
cases, you may enter the TROY print server IP address here
remote host IP address
TROY print server IP address
Tech support specialists for these companies can usually answer configuration questions if you provide them with
the equivalent UNIX configuration information (tell them that the TROY print server looks like a remote UNIX
host computer running the lpd line printer daemon).
4. If you have not created a spool directory for the TROY print server on your UNIX host computer, you will
need to do so now (the printer setup utilities in HP/UX, AIX, Solaris 2.xx, and other systems will
automatically create the spool directory). The lpd spool directory is usually located in the /usr/spool directory
(check with your system manager to see if the location is different for your system). To create a new spool
directory, use the mkdir command. For example, to create a spool directory for the queue laser1, you would
enter:
mkdir /usr/spool/lpd/laser1
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Section 3
Other NonStandard
Configuration
Options (cont.)
TCP/IP Network Configuration
On some systems it is also necessary to start the daemon. This is done on Berkeley-compatible UNIX systems
with the lpc start command as shown in the following example:
lpc start laser1
5. The final step before printing is to add the IP address to the TROY print server. Consult with your system
administrator before assigning an IP address to avoid conflicts with other devices. If your network does not
have an officially assigned block of IP addresses, you may use any unique address between 192.168.254.1
and 192.168.254.254 (this is a reserved range of Class C addresses for private networks that are not connected
to the Internet per RFC 1918; note that you must also assign your host computer an IP address in this range).
The IP address can be set in any of the following ways:
ExtendView
XAdmin32
HP JetAdmin
DHCP
The UNIX arp and ping commands
Reverse Arp (rarp)
BOOTP
TROY XCONFIG NetWare utility
The easiest way to configure the IP address is using either ExtendView, XAdmin32, or JetAdmin as described in
Section 2. The remaining configuration methods are described in the following paragraphs.
NOTE: The IP address you assign to the print server must be on the same logical network as your host computers
(e.g., If your host has an IP address of 192.189.207.3, the TROY print server should have an IP of 192.189.207.x,
where x is an integer between 1 and 254), or you must properly configure your router to work with the TROY print
server.
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Section 3
Using
ExtendView to
Assign an IP
Address
TCP/IP Network Configuration
To assign an IP address using ExtendView, perform the following steps:
1. Launch the ExtendView utility by clicking on Start, Programs, TROY Group Printing, and ExtendView.
The utility will automatically search for TROY wireless devices on the network.
2. Locate your PocketPro 100S from the list of discovered devices; it will be listed as TWC_XXXXXX (where
XXXXXX are the last six digits of the MAC address with an IP address of 192.0.0.192).
3. Double-click on your PocketPro 100S from the list of displayed devices. ExtendView will prompt you for an
IP address. Enter an IP address, and then click on OK. You will then be directed to the Print Server
Configuration page.
4. Click on the TCP/IP tab, enter the subnet mask and default gateway, and then click on OK.
5. When prompted, click on Yes to save these changes and reset the print server.
Using DHCP to
Configure the
Print Server IP
Address
The TROY PocketPro 100S supports the DHCP protocol for automatically loading the IP address from a host
computer that supports DHCP. By default, the print server will automatically try DHCP, BOOTP, and rarp
before using the IP address configured in the server.
NOTE: This procedure may take about a minute, so the print server cannot be accessed via TCP/IP during that
time. If a faster IP address load is required, select the desired IP configuration method (AUTO, DHCP, BOOTP,
RARP, STATIC) via WebXAdmin, or the print server console SET IP METHOD command (STATIC is used when the
IP address is manually entered).
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Section 3
TCP/IP Network Configuration
Using arp and
ping to Configure
the Print Server
IP Address
The arp and ping method is one of the simplest ways of configuring the print server IP address. To use arp and
ping, enter the following commands at the operating system prompt:
arp -s ipaddress ethernetaddress [temp]
ping ipaddress
The ethernetaddress is the Ethernet address of the print server and ipaddress is the IP address of the print server.
The temp parameter should be used with UNIX systems, but is not supported by Microsoft operating systems.
For example, a typical UNIX entry would be:
arp -s 192.189.207.2 00:40:17:00:c3:e4 temp
ping 192.189.207.2
while a typical Microsoft entry would be:
arp -s 192.189.207.2 00-40-17-00-c3-e4
ping 192.189.207.2
If everything is OK, you will get a message back on the screen indicating that the print server is alive. If you do
not get such a message, first check the note bellow, and then try entering the commands again.
NOTE: This procedure will not work through a router (gateway) and only works if the print server IP address has
never been configured before. If you have previously configured an IP address, then use TELNET as described in
Appendix A to change the IP address, or set the unit to default before using ARP.
In order for the ARP command to work on Windows 95/98, the ARP table on the PC must have at least one IP
address defined other than its own. Type ARP -A at the DOS command prompt to verify that there is at least one
entry in the ARP table. If there is no other entry besides the local machine, ping another IP address on your
network, such as another workstation (you cannot ping yourself), in order to build the ARP table. This cannot be
the IP address of the computer you are working on.
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Section 3
Using rarp to
Configure the
Print Server IP
Address
TCP/IP Network Configuration
The TROY PocketPro 100S IP address can be configured using the Reverse ARP (rarp) facility on your host
computer. This is done by editing the /etc/ethers file (if this file does not exist, you can create it) with an entry
similar to the following:
00:40:17:00:01:07
TROY_000107
The first entry is the Ethernet address of the TROY print server and the second entry is the name of the TROY
print server (the name must be the same as the one you put in the /etc/hosts file).
If the rarp daemon is not already running, start it (depending on the system the command can be rarpd,
rarpd -a, in.rarpd -a or something else; type man rarpd or refer to your system documentation for
additional information). To verify that the rarp daemon is running on a Berkeley UNIX-based system, type the
following command:
ps -ax | grep -v grep | grep rarpd
For AT&T UNIX-based systems, type:
ps -ef | grep -v grep | grep rarpd
The TROY PocketPro 100S will obtain the IP address from the rarp daemon when it is powered ON.
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Section 3
TCP/IP Network Configuration
Using BOOTP to
Configure the
Print Server IP
Address
BOOTP is an alternative to rarp that has the advantage of allowing configuration of the subnet mask and
gateway. In order to use BOOTP to configure the IP address into the TROY print server, first make sure that
BOOTP is installed and running on your host computer (it should appear in the /etc/services file on your host as a
real service; type man bootpd or refer to your system documentation for information). BOOTP is usually started
up via the /etc/inetd.conf file, so you may need to enable it by removing the "#" in front of the bootp entry in that
file. For example, a typical bootp entry in the /etc/inetd.conf file would be:
#bootp dgram udp wait /usr/etc/bootpd bootpd -i
Depending on the system, this entry might be called "bootps" instead of "bootp". In order to enable BOOTP,
simply use an editor to delete the "#" (if there is no "#", then BOOTP is already enabled). Then edit the BOOTP
configuration file (usually /etc/bootptab) to enter the name, network type (1 for Ethernet), Ethernet address
(which can be found on the label on the TROY print server), and the IP address, subnet mask and gateway of the
TROY print server. Unfortunately, the exact format for doing this is not standardized, so you will need to refer to
your system documentation to determine how to enter this information (many UNIX systems also have template
examples in the bootptab file that you can use for reference). Some examples of typical /etc/bootptab entries
include:
TWC_000107 1
00:40:17:00:01:07 192.189.207.3
and:
TWC_000107:ht=ethernet:ha=004017000107:\
ip=192.189.207.3:
Certain BOOTP host software implementations will not respond to BOOTP requests if you have not included a
download filename in the configuration file; if this is the case, simply create a null file on the host and specify the
name of this file and its path in the configuration file.
As with rarp, the TROY print server will load its IP address from the BOOTP server when the printer is powered
ON.
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Section 3
Configuring the
Print Server IP
Address with
XCONFIG
TCP/IP Network Configuration
Users of Novell computers have additional alternatives for configuring the TROY PocketPro 100S IP address by
using the remote console facility.
On a NetWare system, you would use the XCONFIG utility included with every TROY print server. Simply type
XCONFIG at the DOS prompt and select the desired TROY print server.
1. If you are using the remote console, you will get the message Connection established (XCONFIG) or Remote
console reserved (ULTRIX). Press RETURN and enter the password ACCESS in response to the "#" prompt
(it will not echo).
2. You will be prompted for a user name. Enter anything in response to this prompt.
3. You will then get the Local> prompt. Type SET IP ADDRESS ipaddress, where ipaddress is the desired IP
address you wish to assign to the TROY print server (check with your network manager for the IP address to
use). For example:
Local> SET IP ADDRESS 192.189.207.3
4. You will now need to set the subnet mask by typing SET IP SUBNET subnetmask, where subnetmask is the
desired subnet mask you wish to assign to the TROY print server (check with your network manager for the
subnet mask to use). For example:
Local> SET IP SUBNET 255.255.255.0
5. If you do not have any subnets, use one of the following default subnet masks:
255.255.255.0
255.255.0.0
255.0.0.0
for class C networks
for class B networks
for class A networks
6. Your network type can be identified by the left-most group of digits in your IP address. The value of this
group ranges from 192 through 255 for Class C networks (e.g., 192.189.207.3), 128 through 191 for Class B
networks (e.g., 128.10.1.30), and 1 through 127 for Class A networks (e.g., 13.27.7.1).
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Section 3
Configuring the
Print Server IP
Address with
XCONFIG (cont.)
TCP/IP Network Configuration
7. If you have a gateway (router), enter its address with the command SET IP ROUTER routeraddress, where
routeraddress is the desired IP address of the gateway you wish to assign to the TROY print server. For
example:
Local> SET IP ROUTER 192.189.207.1
8. To verify that you have entered the IP information correctly, type SHOW IP.
9. Type EXIT to end the remote console session.
10. Before attempting to print, it is very important to verify the connection between the host and the TROY print
server by using the UNIX ping command with the IP address of the TROY print server. For example:
ping 192.189.207.3
You should get a message that the TROY PocketPro 100S is alive. If you get an error message or no response,
then there is no connection. You will not be able to print if you cannot ping the TROY print server. If this is the
case, verify that you have set up the host and TROY print server correctly and that the physical connections (e.g.,
the transceivers and cabling) are good. Refer to the Troubleshooting chapter for additional information.
11. To print to the TROY print server from UNIX, use the standard lpr command with the -P option to specify
the queue name. For example, to print the file TEST on the queue laser1, you would type:
lpr -Plaser1 TEST
Some AT&T-based UNIX systems, such as SCO and HP/UX, use the standard lp command instead of lpr. In
these cases, use the -d option instead of -P to specify the queue name as shown in the following example:
lp -dlaser1 TEST
TROY print servers implement only a subset of the lpr options. If you want to utilize printing options such as
landscape mode, language switching, etc., refer to Appendix B for information on using services.
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Section 3
TCP/IP Network Configuration
IP Security
The TROY PocketPro 100S provides a means of allowing only host computers with authorized IP addresses to
access the print server. This is very useful for applications like check printing, where general access to the
printer is not allowed. The console command SET IP ACCESS ENABLED ipaddress enters a host
computer IP address into the access table of the print server (where ipaddress is the IP address of the host
computer; refer to Appendix A for information on using the print server console). To remove an IP address, use
the command SET IP ACCESS DISABLED ipaddress. To reenable general access, use the command
SET IP ACCESS ALL.
Raw TCP
Ports
The TROY PocketPro 100S provides a raw TCP port capability that can be used by any application that can open
and send data to a TCP port. The port number is 9100 (238C hex) for the parallel port. The ports pass data
through unmodified, so there is no TELNET interpretation provided. When using the raw TCP ports, make sure
that TELNET interpretation is disabled in your software or else you may get distorted printouts.
The raw TCP port is compatible with many popular software packages, including HP's JetDirect software for
UNIX, TGV Multinet (streams mode), IBM AIX for the RS/6000 (V3.25 or later), and any TCP/IP-based
software that supports HP's JetDirect Ethernet network interface card.
The HP JetDirect software for UNIX is available for Sun Solaris, SunOS, and HP/UX. HP printer users can
download these utilities from the HP web site (http://www.hp.com).
To use a TROY PocketPro 100S print server with the HP host printing utilities on an HP/UX or Sun system,
perform the following steps:
1. Download the software from the HP web site (http://hp.com).
2. If the download file is in tar format, use the tar xvf filename command to extract the software, where filename
is the name of the software that you downloaded (you must be logged in as root). If the file is in pkgadd
format, use the pkgadd -d filename all command to extract the software. Accept the default
directory to store the files. Follow the instructions in the README files to install the software.
3. Run JetAdmin by typing jetadmin at the UNIX prompt (on SunOS 4.xx systems, you use the hpnpcfg
program instead of JetAdmin, but the configuration steps are similar).
4. Select item 1 (Configuration) and then select item 3 (Add printer to local spooler).
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Section 3
Raw TCP
Ports (cont.)
TCP/IP Network Configuration
5. Enter the desired name for the TROY print server or IP address at the Enter the network printer name/IP
Name prompt.
NOTE: You will get a message “Unknown printer”. Do you wish to continue?". Enter "Y" to continue.
6. Select the printer type (for example, “HP LaserJet IIISi Printers”).
7. If desired, change any of the configurable parameters (note that the default queue name is the name of the
printer plus an “_” and a number (e.g., laser_1)). Then enter 0 to configure the queue.
8. Answer “Y” at the “OK to Continue?” prompt. Exit the JetAdmin utility by pressing RETURN and then “q”
twice.
Print a job using the lp command. For example,
lp -dlaser_1 /etc/hosts
If you need a different TCP port number or if you want additional TCP ports, you may define a TCP port number
on any TROY print server service by using the following command:
SET SERVICE servicename TCP nn
The servicename is the name of the service, and nn is the desired port number (must be greater than 1023). Refer
to Appendix A for information on using services.
Changing the
Configuration
(Optional)
You may use TELNET, the XCONFIG NetWare utility to connect to the TROY PocketPro 100S remote console
and change the configuration or view the status. The procedure and configuration commands are described in
Appendix A.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Introduction
The TROY PocketPro 100S allows NetWare client PCs to print jobs on the same printer as UNIX, AppleTalk,
and LAN Manager users. All NetWare jobs are spooled through the Novell server, so NetWare utilities and
application programs can use the printer transparently.
NetWare
Concepts
Novell NetWare is a sophisticated network operating system that allows PC clients (and other nodes) to access
network resources such as disk drives and printers as if they were directly connected. NetWare networks require
at least one file server, and users must log into this server to take advantage of the NetWare capabilities.
To handle printing over the network, the file server provides print spooling for the clients. It holds print jobs
locally until contacted by a print server on the network, which in turn sends the job to appropriate printer. In the
past, a NetWare print server was typically either a PC dedicated to handling printers or a Network Loadable
Module (NLM) or Value Added Process (VAP) running on the file server. Today, NetWare print servers are
often special-purpose networking hardware like a TROY print server.
There are two environments in which to configure the TROY PocketPro 100S print server:
Bindery (Netware 3.x)
Netware Directory Services (NDS) for Netware version 4.1 and higher.
TROY print servers can operate in three different modes to service NetWare print queues:
Remote Printer mode (also known as NPRINTER mode on NetWare 4.xx or RPRINTER mode on
NetWare 2.xx or 3.xx networks)
Queue Server mode (also called print server or PSERVER mode)
NDPS – Novell Distributed Print Servers (Netware 5.xx and later)
In remote printer mode, the client PC sends the print job to the file server, which in turn spools it to a print server
(the print server may be a physical device like a PC or a software NLM or VAP on the file server), which in turn
sends it to the printer. This approach provides good performance, and has the advantage of not consuming a user
slot on the file server.
The TROY PocketPro 100S can also act as a NetWare print server (queue server) with an attached printer, which
therefore eliminates the need for a dedicated PC print server or for an NLM or VAP on the file server. This
means that jobs from the client PC are spooled to the file server, which in turn spools the job directly to the
TROY print server. The advantage of this approach is higher performance, but it has the drawback of requiring a
user slot on the file server.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
NetWare
Concepts
Generally speaking, TROY recommends that you use queue server mode instead of remote printer mode because
the performance will be much higher. The exception to this recommendation is if you have a limited number of
available user slots (for example, if you have a 5-user NetWare license and you have five active users). TROY
print servers will work with NetWare Directory Services (NDS) or bindery emulation mode on NetWare 4.xx and
later networks.
General
Information
In order to use the TROY PocketPro 100S on a NetWare network, one or more file servers must be configured
with a print queue that the TROY print server can service. Users send their print requests to the file server’s print
queue, and the jobs are then spooled (either directly, or in the case of remote printer mode, via an intermediate
print server) to the TROY print server.
The TROY PocketPro 100S external print server can be configured under Windows using TROY’s ExtendView
utility, XAdmin32, WebXAdmin, or Hewlett-Packard’s JetAdmin utilities. Alternatively, they can be configured
using the NetWare PCONSOLE utility in conjunction with TROY's DOS XCONFIG utility.
NOTE: You must enable bindery emulation in order to use queue server mode with these products.
Before You Begin
Before you can configure a NetWare print queue, you must have sufficient privileges. With NetWare 3.xx and
earlier, you MUST be logged in as SUPERVISOR (not someone with Supervisor privileges). With NetWare
4.xx and later, make sure that you have sufficient administrator privileges to create a print queue in the desired
context.
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Section 4
Default
Names
(Service Names)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
The TROY PocketPro 100S automatically makes itself known on a NetWare network. The default NetWare
Print Server name is TWC_xxxxxx_P1, where "xxxxxx" are the last six digits of the Ethernet address (the Ethernet
address is on a label that is affixed to the TROY print server). Note that the NetWare Print Server name is used
for either NDS or bindery mode configuration.
If you are configuring the first port with WebXAdmin, the NDS Printer Name for this port is automatically
assigned as TWC_xxxxxx_P1 Printer. If you are using an alternate configuration method like NWAdmin, you
may assign any arbitrary unique name for the printer. If you are configuring any other port, the NDS Printer
Name is TWC_xxxxxx_pp, where "pp" is the port name (for example, S2).
The Print Server and Printer names are used extensively during the configuration process, so be sure to remember
them. Note that these names are actually the names of the print server's NetWare services (refer to Appendix B
for more information on using services). If desired, you may change the default names to something more
meaningful by using ExtendView, XAdmin32, WebXAdmin, or the print server console.
TWC_xxxxxx_P1
Configuring
the Print
Server in
Queue Server
Mode
(parallel port; default NetWare Print Server name)
The TROY PocketPro 100S can be configured in Queue Server mode for either bindery or NDS mode operation.
The simplest way to do this is with TROY's ExtendView, XAdmin32, WebXAdmin, or HP's JetAdmin utilities.
ExtendView and WebXAdmin are Windows-based utilities that allow you to configure the print server and create
NetWare print queues without using NetWare utilities like PCONSOLE or NWAdmin (if you have Windows
3.xx, you must use XAdmin as described in this chapter). JetAdmin is a Hewlett-Packard utility that provides
similar capabilities. Any of these utilities can be used in conjunction with Novell's NWAdmin or PCONSOLE.
NOTE: The Hp JetAdmin 1.xx and 2.xx utilities do not allow direct configuration of NetWare print queues. If you
are using these versions, you may configure the print server with JetAdmin and then use NWAdmin or PCONSOLE
to add the print queue. If possible, TROY recommends that you upgrade to JetAdmin 3.xx.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
Bindery Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
1. Make sure that ExtendView is installed and running on your system.
2. Launch ExtendView; it will automatically list all available print servers on the network. If your device is not
shown, press F5 or click on the
icon to refresh the list.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
Bindery Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
3. Select your print server from the list (you should be able to identify using its MAC address and serial
number), and the press ALT-C to configure. Alternatively, you can highlight the device, right-click on it, and
then click on Configuration.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
Bindery Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
4. Click on the NetWare tab and select PServer (NDS and/or Bindery) mode.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
Bindery Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
5. Click on the Netware Bindery tab. Select your NetWare default file server. The print server name is
TWC_xxxxxx_P1, where xxxxxx are the last 6 digits of the MAC address. You may leave it as is or change
it to something else. It is recommended that you do not change the print server name.
6. For available queues, you will see your NetWare file server. If there is a queue already created, you will see
“+ “ next to your file server name indicating that you can expand it to list all available queues. You can select
an existing queue or create a new one.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
Bindery Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
7. To create a new queue, click on Create, select your file server where
you want your queue to reside, enter a queue name for it, and then
click on OK. The new queue will be listed under available queues.
8. Select the queue that you would like to use, and then click on the
Click on OK twice to save the changes and reset the print server.
button to attach it to the print server.
9. Exit ExtendView. You are now ready to use the print queue from a NetWare workstation.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
1. Make sure that ExtendView is installed and running on your system.
2. Launch ExtendView; it will automatically list all available print servers on the network. If your device is not
shown, press F5 or click on the
icon to refresh the list.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
3. Select your print server from the list (you should be able to identify using its MAC address and serial
number), and then press ALT-C to configure. Alternatively, you can highlight the device, right-click on it,
and then click on Configuration.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
4. Click on the Netware tab, and then select PServer (NDS and/or Bindery) mode.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
5. Click on the NDS tab, and then click on Modify Print Server Object.
6. Click on
to select the Tree that you want to use. Click on
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to create a new Print Server Object.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
7. Click on
to select Context.
8. Choose the desired context, and then click on OK.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
9. The desired context will be shown; enter the desired name for the print server object, and then click on
Create.
10. Click on OK to save the changes.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
11. Click on Modify Port 1 Printer Object.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
12. Click on the
button alongside the Printer field to create a new printer object.
13. If desired, change the context by clicking on the
then click on Create.
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button. Enter the desired name for the printer object, and
4-16
Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
14. Click on
alongside the Queues field to create a new NetWare queue.
15. If desired, change context by clicking on
alongside Context. Enter the desired Print Queue name, and
then click on
alongside Print Queue Volume field to select where the queue will reside.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
16. Select the appropriate Volume where you want to spool the files, and then click on OK.
17. Verify Print Queue settings, and then click on Create.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
18. Click on SAVE to save the created printer object.
19. Click on OK twice to save changes and reset the print
server.
20. Exit ExtendView. You are now ready to use the print queue from a NetWare workstation.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server
Using HP
JetAdmin 3.XX
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
1. Make sure that JetAdmin 3.xx is running on your system and that you have sufficient privileges to use it to
create print queues. If you are using the Microsoft NetWare client on your workstation, make sure that you
have installed Services for NetWare Directory Services in the Network control panel.
2. Click on Start, select Programs, select the HP JetAdmin Utilities 3.0 folder, and then select HP JetAdmin.
One or more TROY print server NetWare services will show up in the list of printers (the default service
names are listed in the Default Print Server Names section at the beginning of this chapter).
3. Click on the NetWare service you wish to configure, and then go the menu bar and select File, Modify.
4. If desired, change the print server name and description. Click on Next. Do this with caution because this
will change the print server service name, and will, therefore, affect any other protocols that use this service.
5. Make sure that NetWare Directory Services is selected in the window on the left side of the display.
Click on the inverted triangle button and select the NDS tree.
Click Change... button to select the NDS context.
6. Click on the Operating Mode button and select Queue Server Mode.
7. Click on the Queues button, and click on the Change... button. Select the Available Print Queues window:
If you are configuring an NDS queue, click on the context where the print queue will reside.
If you are configuring a bindery queue, click on the volume where the queue will reside.
8. Click on Create and enter any unique name for the Queue name.
If you are configuring an NDS queue, the default file server on which the print queue will reside will
be listed. You may optionally change this by clicking on the inverted triangle button and selecting a
different server. You may also optionally change the context that you selected in the previous step by
clicking on the Browse... button. Click on OK, and proceed to Step 9.
If you are configuring a bindery queue, you may optionally click on the inverted triangle button to
change the file server volume selected in the previous step. Click on OK to continue and go to Step 9.
9. Click on Yes when asked if you want to add the queue to the list of serviced queues. The queue name will
now appear in the Available Print Queues in the selected context (for NDS mode) or under the selected
volume (for bindery mode).
10. Click on OK, and then click on Next. If applicable, enter the IP address, and then click on Next.
11. If desired, you can enable users that will be notified in the event of printer problems. Click on Finish. You
can now use the print queue from your NetWare workstation.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server
Using
WebXAdmin
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
1. Enter the IP address of the print server as the destination address in your browser, and then press ENTER or
RETURN.
2. Enter the configuration password (ACCESS is the default), and then press Submit.
3. Click on Configure NetWare. You will see one enabled service (the default service names are listed in the
Default Print Server Names section at the beginning of this chapter). Click on the service.
If you are using NDS, type in the tree and context (the context may be entered in either the form
printers.mytree or OU=printers.O=mytree. Click Submit and exit the browser. Proceed to the next
section, Adding NetWare Print Queues using NWAdmin.
If you are using bindery mode with WebXAdmin, click on Configure Bindery File Servers from the
main menu, type in the name of the file server where the print queue will reside, and then click on
Add. Proceed to the next section, Configuring NetWare Print Queues using NWAdmin.
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
WebXAdmin
1. Enter the IP address of the print server as the destination address in your browser, and then press Enter or
Return.
2. Enter the configuration password (ACCESS is the default password), and then click on Submit.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
WebXAdmin
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
3. Click on Configure Netware
to see the enabled service (the
default service names are
listed in the Default Print
Server Names section at the
beginning of this chapter).
4. Click on the service. Select Queue Server,
type in the tree and context (the context may be
entered in either the form “printers.mytree” or
“OU=printers.O=mytree”. Click on Submit to
go back to the main page.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring the
Print Server in
NDS Queue
Server Mode
Using
WebXAdmin
(cont.)
5. Click on Reset PrintServer, and
then exit the browser. Proceed to the
next section, Adding NetWare Print
Queues using NWAdmin.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Adding NetWare
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin
If you are using WebXAdmin or JetAdmin 1.xx or 2.xx, you need to use NWAdmin to configure the actual
NetWare print queue. This is because these utilities only allow you to define the print server context and tree (or
file server, if you are using bindery mode). The following steps are required:
1. Make sure that you have defined the context and tree for each NetWare Print Server and Printer that you
wish to configure by using WebXAdmin, or the print server console as described in previous sections. Then
start the Novell NWAdmin program by double clicking on the icon.
2. Create a printer object:
Click on the container where the object will reside.
Select Object from the menu bar, and then select Create.
When you get the New Object menu, select Printer (non-NDPS), and then click on OK.
Enter a printer name, and then click on Create. The new printer will then be listed.
If you are configuring the port, you may enter any arbitrary name for the Printer.
NOTE: If you are configuring the default service, the name of the printer object can be any unique name (it cannot
be the same as the default service name). If you are configuring any other service, the name of the printer object
is the same as the name of the service.
3. Create a print queue object:
Click on the container where the object will reside. Select Object from the menu bar and then Create.
When you get the New Object menu, select Print Queue, and then click on OK.
Select Directory Service Queue. Enter any desired name for the print queue.
Click on the Print Queue Volume button, and select the volume on which the print queue will reside.
Click on OK, and then click on Create.
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Section 4
Adding NetWare
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
4. Create a print server object:
Click on the container where the object will reside.
Select Object from the menu bar, and then click on Create.
When you get the New Object menu, select Print Server, and then click on OK.
Enter the name of the TROY print server (default is TWC_xxxxxx_P1), and select Create. Use the
default print server name (the default names are listed under Default Print Server Names at the
beginning of this chapter) unless you specifically changed it with ExtendView, XAdmin 32, or print
server console.
5. Associate the printer with the print queue:
Change context if required, and then double-click on the name of the printer you created in Step 3.
Click on Assignments, and then click on Add...
Change context if necessary, and then select the print queue you created in Step 4. Click OK, and
then click on OK again.
6. Associate the print server with the printer:
Change the context if required, and then double-click on the name of the print server you created in
Step 5.
Click on Assignments, and then click on Add...
Change the context if necessary, and then select the printer created in Step 3. Click OK, and then
click on OK again.
7. Exit NWAdmin. You are now ready to use the print queue from a NetWare workstation.
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue in
Queue Server
Mode Using
PCONSOLE and
XCONFIG
As an alternative to HP JetAdmin, you can use the standard Novell PCONSOLE utility in conjunction with
TROY's XCONFIG program to set up your print queues (if desired, you may use TELNET instead of the
XCONFIG utility). The procedure is basically as follows:
1. Use XCONFIG to connect to the print server. Enter the password (ACCESS is the default) and type anything
in response to the Enter Username> prompt.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue in
Queue Server
Mode Using
PCONSOLE and
XCONFIG (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
2. If you are configuring an NDS queue, enter the commands:
SET SERVICE servicename TREE treename
SET SERVICE servicename CONTEXT contextname
The servicename is the service that you want to configure (the default service names are listed in the Default
Print Server Names section at the beginning of this chapter), treename is the name of your NDS tree, and
contextname is the NDS context where the print server will reside. Skip to Step 3.
If you are configuring a bindery queue, enter the command:
SET NETW QSERVER fileserver ON servicename
The fileserver is the name of the file server where the queue will reside (note that this is not necessarily the same
as the volume name), and servicename is the name of the print server service (the default service names are listed
in the Default Print Server Names section at the beginning of this chapter).
NOTE: The SET NETWARE SERVER command, which enables file servers on a global basis, is available for
compatibility with older firmware releases, but is not recommended for new applications.
3. Start PCONSOLE
If necessary, change to the desired context if you are using NDS.
Go to Print Queues, press Insert to create a new print queue, and enter the name of the print queue.
If you are configuring an NDS queue, you will also need to enter a volume name (press Insert to
browse for available volumes).
Select Print Servers (NetWare 4.xx and later) or Queue Servers (NetWare 2.xx and 3.xx), press
Insert and enter the name of the TROY print server (the default print server names are discussed in
the Default Print Server Names section at the beginning of this manual).
Go to Print Queues, select the desired print queue, and then select Print Servers and press Insert to
select the name of the TROY print server.
Exit PCONSOLE.
4. Go back to XCONFIG and enter the command:
SET NETWARE RESCAN
After a few seconds, do a SHOW NETWARE command; you should see the queue you created being serviced by
the file server. You are now ready to use the queue.
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Section 4
Adding Netware
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
1. Make sure that you have defined the context
and tree for each NetWare Print Server and
Printer that you wish to configure by using
WebXAdmin or the print server console.
Then start the Novell NWAdmin program
by double-clicking on the
icon.
2. Create a printer object by clicking on the
container where the object will reside.
Select Object from the menu bar, and then
click on Create.
3. When you get the New Object menu, select Printer (Non NDPS), and then click on OK.
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Section 4
Adding Netware
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
4. Enter a printer name, and then click on Create. The new printer will then be listed.
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Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Adding Netware
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
5. Create a print queue object by clicking on the container where the object will reside. Select Object from the
menu bar, and then click on Create. When you get the New Object menu, select Print Queue, and then OK.
6. Select Directory Service Queue. Enter any desired name for the print queue. Click on the Print Queue
Volume
button, and then select the volume on which the print queue will reside.
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Section 4
Adding Netware
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
7. Click on OK, and then click on Create. The new print queue will then be listed.
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Section 4
Adding Netware
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
8. Create a print server object by clicking on the container
where the object will reside. Select Object from the
menu bar, and then click on Create. When you get the
New Object menu, select Print Server (Non NDPS),
and then click on OK.
9. Enter the name of the TROY print server (the default is
TWC_xxxxxx_P1) and select Create. Use the default
print server name (the default names are listed under
Default Print Server Names at the beginning of this
chapter) unless you specifically changed it with
ExtendView, XAdmin32 or print server console. The
new print server should now be listed as shown.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Adding Netware
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
10. Associate the printer with the print queue by changing the context if required, and then double-clicking on the
name of the printer you created in Step 3. Click on Assignments, and then click on Add…
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Section 4
Adding Netware
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
11. Change the context if necessary, and then
select the print queue you created in Step 4.
Click on OK, and then click on OK again.
12. Associate the print server with the
printer by changing the context if
required, and then double-clicking on
the name of the print server you
created in Step 5. Click on
Assignments, and then click on Add…
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Section 4
Adding Netware
Print Queues in
Queue Server
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
13. Change the context if necessary, and
then select the printer created in Step 3.
Click on OK, and then click on OK
again.
14. Exit NWAdmin. You are now ready to
use the print queue from a NetWare
workstation.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring
the Print
Server and
Print Queue
Using NDPS
Novell Distributed Print Services (NDPS) is Novell’s new method of handling printers. The biggest advantage of
NDPS compared to the old queue server and remote printer methods is simpler configuration for the user. NDPS
is currently implemented on NetWare 5 through the use of NetWare Loadable Modules (NLMs) known as
gateways. The TROY PocketPro 100S is compatible with the Novell Gateway, which is included with the Novell
NetWare 5 software and is also available as an option for NetWare 4.
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the TROY
Wireless Gateway
To configure a TROY print server with the TROY wireless gateway, you must first install the NDPS on the client
workstation (use any NetWare client 2.2 or later CD-ROM and specify "Custom installation"). Then install the
NDPS Broker and create an NDPS Manager (use the NetWare Administrator "Create" command and select the
appropriate NDPS object).
1. Launch the NWAdmin utility (NetWare Administrator) and select the container where you want the printer
object to reside. Click on Object
Create…
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the TROY
Wireless Gateway
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
2. Select NDPS Printer, and then click on OK.
3. Enter the desired NDPS Printer Name, and select Create a New Printer Agent to create a new printer that
will be using the TROY Wireless gateway. Click on CREATE.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the TROY
Wireless Gateway
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
4. Verify the Printer Agent name, and then click on
Manager to use, and then click on OK.
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to browse for the NDPS manager. Select the NDPS
4-37
Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the TROY
Wireless Gateway
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
5. Select TROY Wireless Gateway Configuration
as the gateway type, and then click on OK.
6. From the Search Setup, select IP and specify Local
Search, and then click on Find Now.
NOTE:
TROY recommends that you use IP if
your NetWare server is configured to use
IP. Alternatively, you can also use IPX.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the TROY
Wireless Gateway
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
7. Locate your device (Pocket Pro 100S) from the print server list, select it, and then click on Next.
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Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the TROY
Wireless Gateway
(cont.)
8. For the Printing Protocol, select LPR, then “Print to IP Address”. Select the suitable Printer Type, and then
click on Finish. Wait for the Printer Agent to finish loading.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the TROY
Wireless Gateway
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
9. Click on the tab of the operating system that you are running and select the appropriate Printer Driver. Click
on Continue.
NOTE: If you are running Windows XP, select the Windows 2000 Driver.
10. Verify the drivers were installed, and then click on OK. Wait for the Printer Object to be completely created.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the TROY
Wireless Gateway
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
11. The newly created NDPS printer will be listed. You are now ready to use the print queue from a NetWare
workstation.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue with
the Novell
Gateway
To configure the TROY PocketPro 100S with the Novell gateway, you must first install the NDPS on the client
workstation (use any NetWare client 2.2 or later CD-ROM and specify "Custom installation"). Then install the
NDPS Broker and create an NDPS Manager (use the NetWare Administrator "Create" command and select the
appropriate NDPS object).
Next you must create an NDPS Printer object (which emulates a Print Server NLM), and you must also configure
the print server as a remote printer (NPRINTER) that is connected to this Printer Object. The print server can be
configured using WebXAdmin or print server console (specify the Printer Object as the name of the Print Server
NLM, and select any desired printer number for the TROY print server). Create the NDPS Printer as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
In the NetWare Administrator (NWAdmin), select the container where you want to put the printer object.
You will get the Object menu. Select Create to get the New Object dialog.
Select NDPS Printer.
Type in any name for the NDPS Printer.
Select Create a New Printer Agent to create a new printer that uses the Novell gateway and click Create.
Make sure that he Printer Agent name is correct, and then click on Browse to select the NDPS manager.
Select the Novell Printer Gateway as the Gateway Type.
Configure the Connection type as "Remote" and specify the Port type as Other.
In the PServer Emulation box, use the default SAP name (which should be the same as the name of the
Printer Agent) and specify the printer number (this number must match the one that you configured in the
TROY print server). Click "Next".
10. Click Finish to get the Select Printer Drivers dialog.
11. Select the printer driver for each operating system (Win3.1, Win9X, Windows 2000/XP, or Windows NT4.0).
12. Click Continue to finish this process.
You can then use the standard Windows 9X Add Printer utility to add the printer on any client workstation.
Specify a Network Printer and then use then browse to find the Printer Agent that you just created. The driver
will be automatically downloaded and you will be ready to print.
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Section 4
Adding a Printer
in a Windows
Workstation
Using the NDPS
Print Queue
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Use the following steps to add a printer in a Windows 2000/XP workstation using the NDPS print queue.
1. Go to START PRINTERS and FAXES (START
and then click on Add Printer.
SETTINGS
PRINTERS on Windows 2000),
2. Click Next on the Welcome Window.
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Section 4
Adding a Printer
in a Windows
Workstation
Using the NDPS
Print Queue
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
3. Select A network printer, or a printer
attached to another computer, and then
click on Next.
4. Select Connect to this printer (or to
browse for a printer, select this option
and click Next):, and then click on Next.
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Section 4
Adding a Printer
in a Windows
Workstation
Using the NDPS
Print Queue
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
5. The search for printers will be initiated. When the process has finished, a list of network printers will be
displayed. Go to NDPS Printers NDPS Controlled Access Printers, and then locate the NDPS printer
that you created earlier. Click on Next. Windows will automatically copy the driver files.
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Section 4
Adding a Printer
in a Windows
Workstation
Using the NDPS
Print Queue
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
6. Select YES if you would like this printer to be the default printer. Otherwise, just click on Next.
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Section 4
Adding a Printer
in a Windows
Workstation
Using the NDPS
Print Queue
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
7. Complete the wizard by clicking on Finish. You will then see the printer you just created in your Printers
folder.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring
the Print
Server and
Print Queue
in Remote
Printer Mode
To configure the TROY PocketPro 100S for remote printer mode, two basic steps are required. First, you must
use Novell's NWAdmin or PCONSOLE to add the print queue to the NetWare server. Then you must configure
the print server for remote printer operation using ExtendView, XAdmin32, WebXAdmin, JetAdmin, or the print
server console.
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin
1. Start NWAdmin and select the desired Container Object that will contain the new print server. Select Object
Create to create a print server.
NOTE: You cannot configure both Queue Server and Remote Printer mode on the same print server port.
To configure the TROY Pocket Pro100S print server for remote printer mode using NWAdmin in Windows
2000/XP, perform the following steps:
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
2. When you get the New Object menu, select Print Server (Non-NDPS) and then OK.
3. Enter the name of the Print Server, and then click on Create. The
new Print Server will be listed.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
4. Load the PSERVER NLM (NetWare Loadable
Module) on your NetWare file server, and make sure
that you select the Print Server that you created
earlier. Verify that your PServer NLM is “running”.
5. In NWAdmin, select the desired Container Object
(Organizational Unit) that will contain the new
printer, and then click on Object Create.
6. When you get the New Object menu, select Printer
(Non-NDPS), and then click on OK.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
7. Enter the name of the printer, and the click on Create.
8. Double-click on the name of your PSERVER NLM (Print Server). Click on Assignments, and then click on
ADD…
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
9. If necessary, change the directory context. Select the printer you created, and then click on OK.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
10. Note the number of the printer, as you will use this later, and then click on OK.
NOTE: You may also assign another printer number. Select the printer, and then click on Printer Number.
Enter the desired printer number and click on OK.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
11. Verify the new printer number, and then click on OK.
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Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
12. Select the desired Container Object
(Organizational Unit) that will contain the
default print queue, and then click on Object
Create to get the New Object menu.
13. Select Print Queue, and then click on OK.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
14. Make sure that Directory Service Queue is selected, and then type in a name for the default print queue.
15. Click on the
button to select the print queue volume. Change the directory context if necessary, select the
desired volume (Objects), and then click on OK.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
16. Verify the print queue settings, and then click on Create to create the print queue.
17. Double-click on the name of the printer you created previously, click on Assignments, and click on ADD.
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Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
18. Change context if necessary, select the
print queue you created earlier, and then
click on OK.
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Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
NWAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
19. Verify the print queue name, and then click on OK.
20. Exit NwAdmin by clicking on Object
Exit.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
ExtendView
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
To configure the TROY Pocket Pro100S print server for remote printer mode using ExtendView in Windows
2000/XP, perform the following steps:
1. Launch the ExtendView utility and locate your Pocket Pro 100S using either its serial number or Ethernet
address. If it is not listed, click on the
button to refresh the list.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
2. Right-click on your TROY print server, and then click on Configuration.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
3. Click on the NetWare tab, select RPrinter (Bindery), and then enter the printer number created in Step 7 of
NWAdmin configuration in the previous section.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server for
Remote Printer
Mode Using
ExtendView
(cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
4. Click on the NetWare Bindery tab, type in the PSERVER NLM’s name as the Print Server Name, and then
click on OK.
5. Click on OK to save changes and reset the TROY print server.
Exit the ExtendView utility.
6. You must now unload the PSERVER NLM from your NetWare
file server console, and then reload it in order for the changes to
take effect.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue
Using NWAdmin,
WebXAdmin, or
JetAdmin (NDS
Remote Printer
Mode)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
To configure the TROY PocketPro 100S for remote printer mode with NWADMIN (NetWare Administrator
utility) and WebXAdmin, or JetAdmin, perform the following steps:
1. Make sure that the PSERVER NLM (NetWare Loadable Module) is loaded on your file server and that you
are logged in as ADMIN in NDS mode on the NetWare 4.xx or later file server.
2. Start NWADMIN by double clicking on the icon. Select the desired Container Object (Organizational Unit)
that will contain the new printer.
3. Select Object from the menu bar and then Create. When you get the New Object menu, select Printer, and
then click on OK.
4. Enter the name of the printer, and then select Create.
5. Double-click on the name of your PSERVER NLM. Click on Assignments, and then click on Add...
6. If necessary, change the directory context. Select the printer you created, and then click on OK. Note the
number of the printer, as you will use this later, and then click on OK.
7. Select the desired Container Object (Organizational Unit) that will contain the default print queue, and then
click on Object and Create to get New Object menu.
8. Select Print Queue, and then OK. Make sure that Directory Service Queue is selected, and then type in a
name for the default print queue.
9. Click on the button to select the print queue volume. Change the directory context if necessary, select the
desired volume (Objects), and then click on OK. Click on Create to create the print queue.
10. Change context if required, and then double-click the name of the printer you created previously.
11. Click on Assignments, and then click on Add..
12. Change context if necessary, and select the print queue you created. Click OK twice, and exit NWADMIN.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue
Using NWAdmin,
WebXAdmin, or
JetAdmin (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
13. Select the print server and service that you wish to configure:
If you are using WebXAdmin, start your web browser, enter the IP address of the print server as the
destination address, and then push ENTER or RETURN. Click on Configure NetWare, and then click
on the Enabled Service to configure the print server (the default service names are listed in the Default
Print Server Names section at the beginning of this chapter).
If you are using JetAdmin, one TROY print server NetWare service will show up in the list of printers
(the default service name is listed in the Default Print Server Names section at the beginning of this
chapter; note that JetAdmin supports a maximum of three ports per print server). Click on the service to
configure, go to the menu bar and select Device, and then select Modify. Click on Next, and then select
Operating Mode.
14. Select the Remote Printer as the Operating Mode, enter the name of your PSERVER NLM as the Print
Server Name, and select the number of the printer from step 6 as the Printer Number (XAdmin32 and
JetAdmin allow you to choose from a list of available print server NLMs rather than typing in the name).
15. If you have JetAdmin, click Next two times, and click on Finish. If you have WebXAdmin, click Submit.
16. Exit the configuration utility. You must now unload the PSERVER NLM from your NetWare file server
console and then reload it in order for the changes to take effect.
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue
Using
PCONSOLE and
XCONFIG
(Remote Printer
Mode)
To configure the TROY PocketPro 100S for remote printer mode operation using PCONSOLE and XCONFIG,
perform the following steps:
1. Make sure that the PSERVER NLM (NetWare Loadable Module) is loaded on your file server.
2. Log into the file server from your PC workstation as ADMIN if you are using NetWare 4.xx (if you want
NDS support, do not login under bindery mode). If using NetWare 2.XX or 3.xx, login as SUPERVISOR.
3. Run the PCONSOLE utility from your PC workstation.
4. If you are creating a new print queue, select Print Queue Information (NetWare 3.xx) or Print Queues
(NetWare 4.xx) from the Available Options menu. Press INSERT, type in the desired print queue name
(with NetWare 4.xx, you will also be asked for a volume name; press INSERT and select the appropriate
volume), and press ESCAPE to return to the main menu.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue
Using
PCONSOLE and
XCONFIG (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
The following steps apply to configuring a remote printer with NDS support on NetWare 6.xx systems:
a. Select Print Servers from the PCONSOLE menu, and then select the name of the PSERVER NLM on
your host computer.
b. Select Printers.
c. Press INSERT to get Object, Class menu.
d. Press INSERT and enter the Printer Name (any unique name is OK).
e. Highlight the printer name and press ENTER twice to get Printer Configuration Menu.
f. PCONSOLE will assign a Printer Number. Remember this number, since it will be used later.
g. Highlight Print Queues Assigned and press ENTER and then INSERT to get a list of available queues.
h. Highlight the name of the print queue you wish to assign to the remote printer and press ENTER.
i. The other settings in the menu are not required. Push ESCAPE several times to exit PCONSOLE.
j. Skip to Step 5 below.
The following steps apply to configuring a remote printer on NetWare 3.xx systems:
a. Select Print Server Information from the PCONSOLE main menu and choose the name of the
PSERVER NLM.
b. Select Print Server Configuration and then Printer Configuration. Select any "Not Installed" printer
and press Enter. Remember the number of this printer; it will be used later in the configuration process.
c. If desired, type in a new name for the printer.
d. Go to Type, press ENTER, highlight Remote Other/Unknown and press ENTER again. The other
settings in this menu are not required.
e. Push ESCAPE and save the changes.
f. Push ESCAPE and select Queues Serviced by Printer.
g. Highlight the printer name that you just configured and press ENTER.
h. Press INSERT, choose the desired print queue, and press ENTER (you can accept the default priority).
i. Press ESCAPE several times to exit PCONSOLE.
j. Proceed to Step 5 below (next page).
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Section 4
Configuring the
Print Server and
Print Queue
Using
PCONSOLE and
XCONFIG (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
5. Run the XConfig utility (if you do not have it installed, it can be downloaded from the TROY web site at
http://www.troygroup.com/wireless).
6. Select the TROY PocketPro 100S from the list of print servers. When you get the message that the print
server is connected, press the ENTER key and type the password ACCESS in response to the "#" prompt (the
password will not echo), and then press the ENTER key again in response to the Enter Username>
prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, type:
SET NET NPRINTER nlm number ON service
SET NET RESCAN
EXIT
The nlm is the name of the PSERVER NLM on your file server, number is the printer number (must match the
printer number you selected during the PCONSOLE configuration in the previous steps) and service is the name
of the service (the default service name is listed in the Default Print Server Names section of this chapter). For
example, to set up remote printer 3 for an HP printer with the TROY print server TWC_00C3E4 using the
PSERVER NLM called TROY1PS, you would type:
SET NET NPRINTER XCD1PS 3 ON TWC_00C3E4_P1
SET NET RESCAN
EXIT
NOTE: The same service cannot be used for both queue server mode and remote printer mode. Refer to Appendix
B in this manual for information on using services.
7. You must now unload the PSERVER NLM from your NetWare file server console, and then reload it in order
for the changes to take effect.
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Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring
the
Workstation
The final step is to configure the workstation(s) to print to the TROY PocketPro 100S. The TROY print server
can be used with any workstation that supports either the Novell or Microsoft client software.
Configuring the
Workstation
(Windows
95/98/ME)
To use a NetWare print queue from a Windows 9X/ME workstation, first make sure that the appropriate NetWare
drivers are installed. Then go to the Start button, choose Settings, and then select Printers. Double-click on the
Add Printer icon, and then execute the following steps when you get to the Add Printer Wizard.
1. Click on Next, select Network Printer, and then click on Next again.
2. Select Browse, double-click on the appropriate file server name, select the print queue, and then click on OK.
If you used JetAdmin to configure the queue, you should double click on the HP_Network_Printers icon
instead of the file server icon, and then select the TROY print server name. Click on Next.
3. Select the desired printer manufacturer and model (click on Have Disk if your printer is not listed), and then
click on Next.
4. If the driver already exists, select Keep Existing Driver (if it does not, this step will be skipped), and then
click on Next.
5. If desired, change the name of the printer and/or make it the default, and then click on Next.
6. Select Yes when you are asked "Would you like to print a test page?" Click on Finish.
Configuring the
Workstation
(Windows
2000/XP)
Use the following steps to add a printer in a Windows 2000/XP NetWare client workstation.
1. Go to Start
Printer.
Printers and Faxes (Start
Settings
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Printers in Windows 2000), and then click on Add
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Section 4
Configuring the
Workstation
(Windows
2000/XP) (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
2. Click on Next on the Welcome Window.
3. Select A network printer, or a printer
attached to another computer (Network
printer in Windows 2000), and then click
on Next.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Workstation
(Windows
2000/XP) (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
4. Select Connect to this printer (or to
browse for a printer, select this option
and click Next): (Type the printer name,
or click Next to browse for a printer in
Windows 2000), and then click on Next.
5. The search for printers will be initiated.
When the search has been completed, a list
of network printers will be displayed. Go
to NetWare Network NetWare
Servers, and then click on your file server.
Then select the Remote print queue that
you created earlier. Click on Next.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Workstation
(Windows
2000/XP) (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
6. When prompted to select the correct printer driver, click on OK.
7. Select your printer manufacturer and model, and then click on OK again.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Workstation
(Windows
2000/XP) (cont.)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
8. Select YES if you would like this printer to
be the default printer. Otherwise, click on
Next.
9. Complete the wizard by clicking on Finish.
You will then see the printer you just
created in your “printers” folder.
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Section 4
Configuring the
Workstation
(Windows NT
4.XX)
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
To add a queue from a Windows NT 4.XX workstation (with NetWare Windows VLM drivers and utilities
installed), execute the following steps:
1. Go to the Start button, choose Settings, and then select Printers.
2. Double-click on the Add Printer icon, and then execute the following steps when you get to the Add Printer
Wizard:
Select Network Printer, and then click on Next.
Select the desired print queue, and then click on OK. Answer OK when asked if you want to install the
printer driver.
Select the desired printer manufacturer and model, and then click on Next.
If desired, make the printer the default, and then click on Next.
Click on Finish.
Configuring the
Workstation
(Windows 3.xx)
To use a NetWare print queue from a Windows 3.xx workstation, first make sure that you have the appropriate
NetWare Windows VLM drivers and utilities installed, and then execute the following steps:
1. Open the Main window of the Windows Program Manager, and start the Print Manager.
2. Select Options (or Printer) from the menu bar, and then select Network Connections.
3. Select the desired port (for example, LPT1:) under Ports: and the desired print queue under Resources.
If you have configured the TROY print server for NDS mode, you may alternatively select the printer
name instead of the print queue name.
4. Click on Capture and Permanent.
5. Close the window, select Options, and then select Printer Setup.
6. Choose the desired printer under Installed Printers. If the desired printer does not exist, select Add>>,
select the printer from the List of Printers, and then click on Install (normally you will need either the
original Windows diskette distribution or the printer manufacturer's driver diskette).
7. If the desired printer is not on the correct port, click on Connect, select the port, and then click on OK.
8. If desired, click Set as Default Printer to make the printer your default printer.
9. Exit the Print Manager.
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Section 4
Novell NetWare Network Configuration
Configuring the
Workstation
(DOS-based
NetWare Drivers)
To configure the PC workstation so that DOS applications can print transparently to the TROY PocketPro 100S
(you may also use this procedure if you do not have Windows-specific NetWare drivers), use the DOS editor to
add a command with the following format to the AUTOEXEC.BAT file on your PC:
capture l=n q=queuename ti=timeout
The n is the number of the parallel port you wish to redirect, queuename is the name of the queue you created (if
you using NetWare 4.xx in NDS mode, you may specify p=printername instead of the queue, where printername
is the name of the NDS printer; be sure to enter the entire directory context of the printer), and timeout is a the
number of seconds the file server will send data to the printer after the application last writes to a file (use at least
5 seconds for DOS applications and at least 50 seconds for Windows applications, and you may need to increase
the values if you are unable to print). For example, if your queue is called myqueue and you wish to use LPT1
with a timeout of 5 seconds, you would enter:
capture l=1 q=myqueue ti=5
After the workstation is restarted, you will be able to print from applications programs as if the printer were
directly connected to the LPT1 parallel port.
Testing the Print
Queue
Test the queue by printing a small job from an application program like the Windows 98 Paint Accessory
program (make sure that the program is set up to print to the correct print queue if the TROY PocketPro 100S is
not assigned to service the default queue). The file will be spooled to the TROY PocketPro 100S for printing and
should print on the printer within a short period of time. If it does not, double-check your configuration; and if
necessary, refer to the Troubleshooting chapter of this manual for additional information.
Changing the
Print Server
Configuration
(Optional)
The default parameters for the TROY PocketPro 100S can be changed via the WebXAdmin or XCONFIG utility
to meet a wide variety of user needs. The procedure and configuration commands are described in Appendix A
in this manual.
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Section 5
AppleTalk Network Configuration
Introduction
The TROY PocketPro 100S supports the AppleTalk protocol running over Ethernet (also known as EtherTalk).
This capability allows Macintosh computers to print jobs to a printer simultaneously with jobs from Windows,
UNIX, NetWare, and other computers.
AppleTalk
Concepts
TROY print server AppleTalk capabilities allow a printer to appear as a shareable printer node on an AppleTalk
Phase 2 network. The TROY print server broadcasts information to Macintoshes on the network, and
automatically appears in the Print Center or Chooser of each Macintosh. Application programs (such as
Microsoft Word, Excel, PageMaker, etc.) can print without modification or special software on the Macintosh.
Macintosh
Configuration
Identify the printer to which the print server is connected, and install the printer driver.
OS 8.x and 9.x
1. Verify that Ethernet is enabled from the Network Control Panel or AppleTalk Control Panel.
2. At a Macintosh workstation, from the Apple menu, open the Chooser.
3. If the Chooser window displays an AppleTalk zone list, select the necessary zone.
4. Click on the icon for the printer driver you are going to use. If you have a Postscript printer, you can use the
LaserWriter driver.
5. Select the print server name (the default is TWC_xxxxxx_P1_AT, where "xxxxxx" are the last six digits of
the Ethernet address.).
6. Close the Chooser. You can now print to the printer using any standard Macintosh application program.
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5-1
Section 5
OS 10.x
AppleTalk Network Configuration
1. If you have not done so already, set the name of your computer by going to the Applications folder*,
selecting System Preferences, and then Sharing. Type in the computer name in the Network Identity section
(you can also set the IP address here if you want).
2. Turn on Ethernet and AppleTalk by clicking on the Applications folder, and then clicking on Network. Next
to Configure: select Built-in Ethernet (you can leave the Location: setting as Automatic).
3. Click on the AppleTalk tab, make sure that the box next to Make AppleTalk Active is checked. If necessary,
select the appropriate AppleTalk Zone. You can leave the Configure: setting as Automatically.
4. Now go to the Applications folder, open the Utilities folder, and select Print Center. The Printer List will
appear (it will be empty if you have no printers configured). Click on Add Printer... and then select
AppleTalk instead of Directory Services.
5. All of the available AppleTalk printers on the network should appear. Click on the one you wish to add, and
then click Add. The printer will now appear in the Printer List.
6. To print from an application program, go to File and then Print, select the desired printer, and then click on
Print.
* NOTE: The Applications folder can be reached by double-clicking on the Macintosh HD icon on the desktop.
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Section 6
Introduction
Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
Users of Windows NT V3.5 or later (including Windows NT Advanced Server), Windows 2000, and Windows
XP can print directly using the TCP/IP protocol to printers equipped with a TROY PocketPro 100S. No special
software is required on the Windows NT system, and the printing operates transparently with any application.
The TROY PocketPro 100S also supports transparent printing from IBM LAN Server and Warp Server file
server, as well as from OS/2 Warp Connect workstations, using the TCP/IP protocol. TCP/IP is included
standard with Warp Server and with LAN Server V4.0, and is optional on LAN Server V3.x systems. It is also
included standard with OS/2 Warp Connect, and is optional on earlier versions of OS/2.
In addition, client PCs connected to a Windows NT Advanced Server or to an IBM LAN Server file server can
print transparently to the TROY PocketPro 100S. In this case, the client PCs typically use the NetBEUI protocol
to print jobs to the file server, which in turn spools the job to the TROY PocketPro 100S via TCP/IP. The
advantage of TCP/IP compared to other approaches is that it is a high-performance routable industry-standard
protocol.
NOTE: TROY recommends TCP/IP for Windows NT and OS/2 printing because it is routable and provides higher
performance. The TROY PocketPro 100S also supports printing using the NetBEUI or DLC/LLC protocols.
Windows NT and OS/2 configuration using these protocols is also described in this manual.
Windows
NT/2000 IP
Configuration
To configure a print queue from a Windows NT/2000/XP computer, you must first configure an IP address in
both the computer and in the print server as follows:
1. If you have not already done so, install TCP/IP on your Windows NT/2000/XP system. This is done via the
Network icon in the Control Panel window of the Windows NT system (the Control Panel is in the Main
window on NT V3.5x systems, or use the Start button on NT V4.xx or 2000 to access the Settings menu, or
use the Start button on XP to access the control panel).
a. On NT V3.5x systems, select Add Software and add TCP/IP Protocol and related components. Click
on Continue, choose the options TCP/IP Network Printing Support and Connectivity Options, and
then click on Continue again. Insert the requested disk(s) to copy the required files.
b. On NT V4.xx/2000 systems, click on the Protocols tab, select Add, and double click on TCP/IP
protocol. Insert the requested disk(s) to copy the required files. Then click on the Services tab, and
double-click on Microsoft TCP/IP Printing (only required if printing from Windows NT 4.xx and using
LPR). Again insert the requested disk(s). Click on the Protocols tab when then copying is finished.
c. On 2000/XP systems, go to Network Connections (Network and Dial-up Connections on Windows
2000) and right-click on your local area connection. Go to Properties, click on Install, Protocol,
TCP/IP, and then click on OK.
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Section 6
Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
Windows
NT/2000 IP
Configuration
(cont.)
If you have a DHCP server on your network, an IP address will automatically be assigned. Otherwise, you will
have to manually assign an IP address. Double-click on the TCP/IP Protocol option and add the host IP address,
subnet mask, and gateway address. Consult your system administrator for these addresses. If you are not directly
connected to the Internet, you may assign any arbitrary Class C address of the form aaa.bbb.ccc.ddd, where aaa
is any number from 192 to 222, bbb and ccc are any number from 0 to 255, and ddd is any number from 0 to 254;
for example, 192.189.207.3. You may also use a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 with no gateway address. If you
have more than one LAN adapter card, select the one you want to use for TCP/IP.
If you have more than one LAN adapter card, select the one you want to use with TCP/IP. Click on OK twice to
exit (you may need to restart the system).
2. If you have not already configured the print server IP address, you will need to do so now. If you have a
DHCP server on your network, an IP address will automatically be assigned. If you do not have DHCP, the
simplest way to assign an IP address with Windows NT 4.x or Windows 2000/XP is to use ExtendView as
described in Section 3.
As an alternative, or if you have Windows NT 3.5x, you may go to the MS-DOS Command Prompt and use
the arp -s command to enter the IP address into the TROY print server as shown in the following example:
arp -s 192.189.207.77 00-40-17-00-ed-d6
ping 192.189.207.77
Again, substitute your actual IP address for 192.189.207.77, and replace the 00-40-17-00-ed-d6 with the
actual Ethernet hardware address of the TROY print server (which can be found on the label affixed to the
bottom of the box or via the printer self-test). If you get the message "The arp entry addition failed: 3", try
pinging a known device on the network using the command ping ipaddress, where ipaddress is the IP
address of that device.
NOTE: You must be on the same Ethernet segment (that is, there cannot be a router between the TROY print server
and the Windows NT system) to use the arp -s command. If there is a router, you may use BOOTP or other
methods to enter the IP address. Also, this method only works the first time the TROY print server is configured.
If the TROY print server already has an IP address, you may use TELNET to access it and change the IP address
using the SET IP ADDRESS command described in Appendix A, or set the unit to default settings first.
The TROY PocketPro 100S has a default IP address of 192.0.0.192. You must change this address to a unique
value to avoid having duplicate IP addresses.
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6-2
Section 6
Windows
2000/XP
Standard TCP/IP
Printer
Configuration
Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
NOTE: Skip this section if you have Windows NT V4.xx or V3.51.
Windows 2000/XP allows you to configure a “Standard TCP/IP printer” that uses a raw TCP port (port 9100 by
default) for printing. To use this capability, execute the following steps:
1. Go to the Start button, click on Control Panel and then Printers (Start and then Printers and Faxes if you
are on Windows XP).
2. Double-click on Add Printer.
3. Click on Next.
4. Select Local Printer, and then click on Next
5. Click on Create New Port, and select Standard TCP/IP Port as the type.
6. Click on Next.
7. Enter the IP address or (if you have a name server on the network) the name of the TROY print server. You
can accept the default name for the port or type in any desired name.
8. Select Generic Network Card unless you want to use a different TCP port than 9100, in which case, select
Custom. By default, TROY print servers use port 9100 for the first parallel port (P1).
9. Click on Finish.
10. Select the desired printer type, and then click on Next.
11. If desired, make the printer the default printer. Click on Next.
12. If desired, make the printer shared. Click on Next.
13. If desired, print a test page. Click on Next.
14. Click on Finish.
NOTE: You can also use an “LPR Port” instead of a “Standard TCP/IP Port” to install this option. Go to the
Windows Control Panel and select “Add/Remove Programs”. Click on “Add/Remove Windows Components”, and
then click on “Other Networking and Print Services”. Click on Details, select “Print Services for UNIX”, and then
click on OK.
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Section 6
Windows NT
V4.xx
Configuration
(LPR/LPD)
Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
NOTE: If you have Windows NT V3.5 or V3.51, skip to the next section.
Windows NT 4.x systems can print using lpr/lpd. The configuration procedure is as follows:
1. Go to the Start button, choose Settings, and then select Printer. Double-click on the Add Printer icon to
get the Add Printer Wizard. Click on My Computer (Not Network Printer), and then click on Next.
2. Select Add Port, select LPR Port from the list of available ports, and then click on New Port.
3. Type in the IP address that you wish to assign to the print server in the Name or address of server providing
lpd: box. If you do not have a router on the network, this IP address must match the first three bytes of the IP
address of your computer. For example, if your computer has an IP address of 192.189.207.53, your print
server must have an address like 192.189.207.27.
4. Type in the print server service name in the Name of printer of print queue on that server: box. If you do
not know which service name to use, enter BINARY_P1, and then click on OK:
5. Click on Close. The new print server IP address should be listed and highlighted as an available port. Click
on Next.
6. Select the desired printer manufacturer and model (click Have Disk if your printer is not listed), and then
click on Next.
7. If the driver already exists, select Keep Existing Driver (if it does not, this step will be skipped), and then
click on Next.
8. If desired, change the name of the printer and/or make it the default, and then click on Next.
9. If desired, make the printer shared (so other users can access it), and select the operating system(s) that these
other computers will be running, and then click on Next.
10. Select Yes when you are asked "Would you like to print a test page?" Click on Finish to complete the
installation. You may now print to the printer as if it were a local printer.
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Section 6
Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
Windows NT
3.5x
Configuration
If you have Windows NT or NT AS 3.5 or 3.51, use the following procedure to configure the TROY print server:
1. Go to the Main window, and select the Print Manager icon.
2. Select Printer menu.
3. Select Create Printer
4. Enter any name for the printer for the Printer Name.
5. Select Driver. Choose appropriate driver.
6. Select Description. Enter anything.
7. Select Print to.
8. Select Other.
9. Select LPR Port.
10. Enter the TROY print server IP address or name (from HOSTS file) as the Name or Address of Host
Providing LPD.
11. Enter the TROY print server service name as the Name of Printer on That Machine. Generally speaking,
you should use the service BINARY_P1 to pass the data through unmodified.
LAN
Server/Warp
Server
Configuration
The TROY PocketPro 100S will work with IBM LAN Server/Warp Server networks that have IBM TCP/IP V2.0
or later software installed on the file server (TCP/IP is standard with LAN Server V4.0 and later, and on the Warp
Server). Use the following procedure to configure the TROY PocketPro 100S on an OS/2 LAN Server or Warp
Server file server, or on a OS/2 Warp Connect workstation:
NOTE: TROY recommends TCP/IP for OS/2 printing because it is routable and provides higher performance.
1. Make sure that TCP/IP software is installed on your OS/2 file server. If you have not already done so, open
the TCP/IP folder on the desktop, and double click on the TCP/IP Configuration icon to add the IP address
to the OS/2 file server (consult your system manager for this address).
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6-5
Section 6
Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
LAN
Server/Warp
Server
Configuration
(cont.)
2. Add the TROY print server name to the HOSTS file (usually located in the \tcpip\etc directory; this step is
not required if you use the TROY print server IP address as the name). To do this, go to the OS/2 System
icon, open the Command Prompts folder, and double click on the OS/2 Window icon. Use the OS/2 editor
and add the an entry similar to the following:
192.189.207.77 xps
Substitute the name of the TROY print server (any unique name will do) and the desired IP address in place
of xps and 192.189.207.77 in the above example.
3. While still at the OS/2 prompt, use the following command to enter the IP address into the TROY print
server:
arp -s xps 00:40:17:00:ed:d6 temp
Again, substitute your actual name and IP address for xps and 192.189.207.77, and replace the
00:40:17:00:ed:d6 with the actual Ethernet hardware address of the TROY print server (which can be found
on the label affixed to the TROY print server box or via the printer self-test; note that you should use colons
rather than hyphens to separate the bytes of the hardware address). The IP address will be set when you ping
the print server in the next step.
NOTE: You must be on the same Ethernet segment (that is, there cannot be a router between the TROY print server
and the OS/2 system). If there is a router, you may use BOOTP or other methods to enter the IP address. Also,
this method only works the first time the TROY print server is configured. If the TROY print server already has an
IP address, you may use TELNET to access it and change the IP address using the SET IP ADDRESS command
described in Appendix A, or set the unit to default settings first.
4. Set the IP address and verify the connection by using the ping command with the address or name of the
TROY print server. For example:
ping 192.189.207.77
or
ping xps
Again, substitute your actual name and IP address in place of xps and 192.189.207.77 in the above examples.
You should get a response back from the TROY print server if the IP address has been set and the print server
is alive on the network. If you do not, run the printer self-test as described in Chapter 2 and verify that you
have entered the correct IP address.
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Section 6
Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
LAN
Server/Warp
Server
Configuration
(cont.)
5. From the OS/2 desktop open the Templates folder. Use the right mouse button to drag the Printer icon (not
the Network Printer icon) onto the desktop.
6. The Create a Printer window should be open (if it is not, double click on the printer icon).
- Type in any name for the printer.
-
Select the default printer driver. If the desired printer driver is not listed, click on the Install new
Printer Driver button, and then add the driver.
-
Choose the output port. IBM TCP/IP automatically creates 8 named pipes called \PIPE\LPD0
through \PIPE\LPD7. Pick an unused port, and then double-click on that port.
NOTE: Early versions of Warp Server have a bug in which the named pipes do not appear (the problem does not
affect Warp Connect or LAN Server). This problem is fixed via a patch available from IBM.
You will get the Settings window. Enter the following:
LPD server
The TROY print server name (from HOSTS file) or IP address.
LPD printer For most applications, use the TROY PocketPro 100S binary service BINARY_P1 to pass
data through unmodified. However, if you are printing text files from the DOS or OS/2 command
prompt, you should use the text service TEXT_P1, which will add carriage returns for proper formatting
of the data (but will potentially distort graphics printouts).
Host name
The IP name of the OS/2 file server
User
The IP address of the OS/2 file server
You may leave the other entries blank. Click on the OK button. The pipe should be highlighted; if not,
click on it.
-
Click on the Create button to create the printer.
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Section 6
LAN
Server/Warp
Server
Configuration
(cont.)
Windows NT/2000/XP LAN/Warp Server Configuration
7. Open the LAN Services folder, and execute the LAN Requester program:
- Select Definitions
- Select Aliases
- Select Printers
- Select Create. Enter the following:
Alias (should be same as the printer name previously defined
Description (anything you want)
Server name (name of OS/2 server)
Spooler queue (name of printer as defined previously)
Maximum number (leave blank unless you want of users to limit the number of users)
- Exit the LAN Requester program.
8. You should now be able to print. To test the queue, type the following from either the OS/2 command
prompt or from a DOS workstation:
COPY C:\CONFIG.SYS \\servername\alias
The servername is the name of the file server and alias is the alias name that you specified during this
configuration process. This should print the CONFIG.SYS file on the printer. If you selected a binary
service as the LPD printer name, the lines will be staggered (normal DOS, Windows, and OS/2 applications
will print OK.
9. The TROY print server will appear as a standard OS/2 printer to application programs. To make the TROY
print server operate transparently with DOS programs, execute the following command on each workstation:
NET USE LPT1: \\servername\alias
This will make the printer and the TROY print server appear to the software as a printer that is directly
connected to the parallel port of the workstation.
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Section 7
Windows Setup
NOTE: The following procedures are designed for Windows 95/98/ME/2000/NT/XP operating systems.
Setup
Procedure
1. Insert the CD supplied with the PocketPro 100S print server, and then click on Install Software.
2. Select TCP/IP Management Utilities, and then click on Next.
3. Select ExtendView, and then click on Install.
4. Start the utility by clicking on Start, Programs, TROY Group, Printing, and then ExtendView.
5. When you get the Welcome screen, click on Next, choose any name for your View Name, select
Automatically create a view with default settings, and then click on Finish.
6. Double-click on the print server that you want to print to in the list.
7. If you are using TCP/IP (recommended for Windows printing) and you do not have a DHCP server (see note
below), you will need to manually assign a valid IP Address (If you are not sure what IP address is valid, ask
your network administrator), and then click on OK.
NOTE: If you are using DHCP on your network, the print server may have acquired valid IP settings at this point
and no further configuration is necessary. This might work well if your DHCP server allows the print server to
keep this address permanently, but in most cases, you will want to use a static address outside the range reserved
for DHCP (see your DHCP server documentation for details). When you configure your printer port, the print
server will go to a static IP address. To assign a static IP address, right-click on the print server in the menu, and
then select Configuration. On the TCP/IP tab, under IP Address Resolution, select Set Permanent, and assign a
valid static IP address for your network. Click on OK to save the new settings.
8. Install the ExtendNet Connect IP Port Monitor by inserting the CD supplied with your print server and
clicking on Install Software.
9. Select ExtendNet Connect Windows Printing, click on Next, click on ExtendNet Connect for TCP/IP,
and then click on Install. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete this installation.
10. Install the printer driver software according to the documentation for the printer.
11. Click on the Windows Start button, select Settings, and then Printers (Start, then Printers and Faxes if
you are using Windows XP).
12. Right-click on the printer you wish to associate with the network port, and then select Properties.
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7-1
Section 7
Setup
Procedure
(cont.)
Windows Setup
13. If you are using Windows NT/2000/XP, go to the Ports tab. If you are using Windows 95/98/ME, go to the
Details tab, and then click on Add Port.
14. If you are using Windows NT/2000/XP, highlight TROY Wireless ExtendNet Connect IP Monitor, and
then click on New Port.
15. If you are running Windows 95/98/ME, select Other, highlight TROY Wireless ExtendNet Connect IP
Monitor, and then click on OK. The search will begin for available print servers.
16. Highlight the print server you would like to create the port for, and then click on Add.
17. Make sure the port you created is chosen, and then click on Apply. You are now ready to print.
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Section 8
IPP Configuration
Introduction
This chapter describes procedures for IPP Configuration. The Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) allows you to print
over local area networks (LANs). IPP is currently included with newer Windows operating systems.
Windows
2000 IPP
Configuration
The following steps are required to use IPP with Windows and the TROY PocketPro 100S. Make sure that the
print server is powered on and configured with a valid IP address (refer to Section 3 for information on how to
configure the IP address). Note that the printer cannot be configured unless the Windows 2000 server can
communicate with the print server.
1. Go to the Start button, and then click on Printers.
2. Double-click on Add Printer.
3. Click on Next.
4. Select Network Printer, and then click on Next.
5. Select Connect to a Printer on the Internet or on your Intranet. Enter the URL of the print server along
with the service name (BINARY_P1 is the default service). For example:
http://192.189.207.99/BINARY_P1
6. It may take a couple of minutes to find the print server. You may also get a message that the correct driver is
not installed; if so, click on OK to install the driver, and then select the appropriate printer.
7. Select the printer type, and then click on Next.
8. If desired, make the printer the default printer, and then click on Next.
9. Click on Finish. You are now ready to use the IPP printer.
Configuring
IPP on Other
Operating
Systems
IPP is beginning to be implemented on other operating systems. The procedures for configuring the IPP print
queue varies from system to system; but in all cases, you must specify the URL of the print server. This address
has the following format:
http://ipaddress/service
The ipaddress is the IP address of the print server and service is a service on the print server that is enabled for
IPP. By default, the BINARY_P1 service is enabled for IPP. An example of a valid URL would be:
http://192.189.207.253/BINARY_P1
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Section 9
Introduction
Troubleshooting
This chapter describes procedures for troubleshooting problems you may encounter with the TROY PocketPro
100S print server, and is divided into the following sections:
Installation Problems
Intermittent Problems
Protocol-Specific Troubleshooting
If you have followed the steps in this chapter and you believe that you have a bad board, then please refer to
Section 10 for information on returning defective products.
Installation
Problems
PRINTER DOES NOT COME UP READY:
If you cannot print to the TROY PocketPro 100S print server after you install it, check the following:
Make sure that the printer is powered on and is on-line, and that all cables are securely plugged in.
PRINTER COMES UP READY, BUT YOU CANNOT PRINT:
If the printer starts up OK but you cannot print, the problem could be one of the following:
There is a problem with the interface between the print server and the printer
There is a problem with the network connection or cabling.
There is a queue setup problem, a print server setup problem, or other protocol-related problem.
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Section 9
Installation
Problems
(cont.)
Troubleshooting
CHECKING THE INTERFACE BETWEEN THE PRINT SERVER AND THE PRINTER:
1. First make sure that the cable between the print server and the printer is securely plugged in at both sides.
2. Wait about two minutes after the printer is powered on and then run a printer self-test (see Section 2 for
information on how to run the self-test).
a. If the self-test does not print, then there is possibly a hardware problem. Double-check the connections.
If you still cannot print, then make sure that your printer is capable of printing text, PCL or PostScript (the
self-test will not work unless one of these is possible). Some examples of printers that do not support
direct printing of text files:
So-called Windows printers, usually low-end inkjet printers, perform all the image rasterization in
the printer driver, so the printer only understands a raw image file.
Many plotters only support HP-GL/2, RTL, or proprietary languages.
The only way to test such printers is to use an application program with the correct printer drivers.
3. It may be necessary to adjust the parallel port default settings in order to accommodate certain printers,
especially older ones, by using console commands (refer to Appendix A for information on commands, and
refer to Appendix B for information on using services). Do a SHOW PORT command to see the current port
settings.
Some printers require the pACKH hardware handshake. For these printers, use the command SET
PORT P1 ACKH ENABLED.
Some printers and applications do not work well if bidirectional communications are enabled. Use
the command SET PORT P1 BID DISABLED to disable bidirectional.
If you are using ECP mode with Okidata printers and a TROY PocketPro 100S print server, you
will need to enable software handshaking with the command SET PORT P1 SWIO ENABLED.
Not all printers support Fast Strobe mode, so make sure that FSTB is not enabled on the port if
you are having problems printing (Fast Strobe is disabled by default; use the command SET
PORT P1 FSTB DISABLED to disable it).
In some rare instances, disabling NBUF with the command SET PORT P1 NBUF DISABLED
will solve port compatibility issues.
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Section 9
Installation
Problems
(cont.)
Troubleshooting
4.
If the self-test prints OK but you cannot print or you get distorted printouts, make sure that the printer is set
for the correct Page Description Language. Most new printers support AUTO mode, which means that they
will automatically switch between PCL and PostScript. However, older printers like the LaserJet II, LaserJet
III, and LaserJet IIISi require that the printer be set to the desired language through the printer front panel.
Also, verify that you have set up the drivers correctly on the workstation. Some printers, like the Epson
Stylus, require special drivers and will not print if standard PCL or PostScript drivers are used.
CHECKING THE NETWORK CONNECTION AND CABLING:
If the self-test page prints but you cannot print documents, first check the network connection and cabling.
If the appropriate LEDs are not on, there is probably a bad 10baseT or 100baseTX cable, or the hub port
is bad. If possible, try a different cable and hub port, or try connecting a different device to the cable.
If you are using a repeater or hub, make sure that SQE (heartbeat) is turned off at the hub (this is the
default setting for most hubs). Also, if you have a hub or multiport repeater, verify that the hub or
repeater port is good by trying the print server on a different port.
If you have a bridge or router located between the TROY PocketPro 100S and the host computer, make
sure that the device is set up to allow the print server to send and receive data from the host. For example,
a bridge can be set up to only allow certain types of Ethernet addresses to pass through (a process known
as filtering); therefore, such a bridge must be configured to allow TROY print server addresses.
Likewise, a router can be set up to pass only certain protocols, so be sure that the desired protocol can be
passed through to the TROY PocketPro 100S. In the case of routers, also make sure that the protocol is
routable (LAT, NetBEUI, and DLC/LLC are not routable).
If the job exits the queue but does not print, make sure that you are not trying to print a text job to a
PostScript printer. If you have a printer that is capable of automatic language switching, make sure that
the printer is not forced into PostScript mode.
Make sure that you are not trying to perform an illegal operation, such as attempting to print a legal-size
form when the printer only supports 8.5" x 11" paper.
Check the other troubleshooting sections in this chapter for additional causes of intermittent problems.
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Section 9
Intermittent
Problems
Troubleshooting
If the print server and the printer start up OK, but you intermittently have problems printing, check the following:
Excessive NetWare polling can be a big cause of intermittent problems. Make sure that you have only
enabled the NetWare file servers that you need for printing (do a SHOW NETWARE command from the
print server console to see the enabled file servers).
If you can print small jobs OK but large graphics jobs are distorted or incomplete, make sure that you
have adequate memory in your printer.
Check the individual protocol troubleshooting sections in this chapter for additional causes of intermittent
printer problems.
TCP/IP
Troubleshooting
If you are using TCP/IP and cannot print to the print server and you have checked the hardware and network as
described in the previous steps, then check the following (note that it is always a good idea to try creating a
another print queue to eliminate the possibility of setup errors):
The problem may be the result of mismatched or duplicate IP addresses. Verify that the IP address is
correctly loaded into the TROY print server (via the self-test page or through the remote console) and
make sure that no other nodes on the network have this address (DUPLICATE IP ADDRESSES ARE
THE BIGGEST CAUSE OF TCP/IP PRINTING PROBLEMS). If the address is not correct, then check
whether the loading procedure was properly executed.
If you used XCONFIG or ccr to enter the IP address, make sure that you exited the remote console
properly with an EXIT command.
If you used rarp, make sure that you started the rarp daemon using the rarpd, rarpd -a, in.rarpd -a, or
equivalent command. Verify that the /etc/ethers file contains the correct Ethernet address and that the
TROY print server name matches the name in the /etc/hosts file.
If you used bootp, make sure that bootp is enabled (i.e., the “#” is removed from the bootp entry) in the
/etc/inetd.conf file. Verify that /etc/bootptab file is correctly configured.
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Section 9
TCP/IP
Troubleshooting
(cont.)
Troubleshooting
Also verify that the host computer and the print server are either on the same subnet (for example, if the
print server has a subnet mask of 255.255.255.0, the host must have the same subnet mask) or that the
router is properly configured to pass data between the two devices.
Make sure that the /etc/printcap file (if applicable) is typed in correctly. In particular, look for missing ":"
and "\" characters, because a small error anywhere in the file can have major consequences. Also check
the /usr/spool directory to make sure that you have created a valid spool directory.
If you are using a Berkeley-based UNIX, make sure that the daemon is started on Berkeley based systems
with the command lpc start printer, where printer is the name of the local print queue.
If you are using an AT&T-based UNIX, make sure the printer is enabled (enable printer, where printer is
the name of the local print queue).
Make sure that the lpr/lpd remote line printer service are running on the host computer (refer to your host
computer documentation for information on how to do this).
If jobs are run together or do not eject from the printer, try setting the service (remote printer) with EOT
set to the appropriate printer reset string. This string is number 4 (<ESC>%-12345X) for all newer HP
printers. For example:
SET SERVICE BINARY_P1 EOT 4
NOTE: Do not use the above command if you have a LaserJet II, IID, III, or IIID printer. Instead, use an EOT 2 for
PCL jobs or 3 for PostScript jobs.
If the lines of a text file are staggered, make sure that you have specified a remote printer (rp) name of
TEXT in your /etc/printcap file.If you are having trouble printing long jobs (over 1MB), add the line
mx#0 to your /etc/printcap file entry.
NOTE: Sun Solaris has a bug with lpr/lpd printing and long jobs. This bug affects any diskless print server, not
just TROY. The solution is to use the HP JetDirect UNIX host printing utilities as described in the Raw TCP Port
section at the end of Section 3.
If you are using the raw TCP port and are experiencing intermittent queue stalling problems, make sure
that queueing is enabled on the service (do a SHOW SERVICE command from the remote console, and
note if "Q" is listed in the OPT column for the desired service). If it is not, enable queueing with the
command SET SERVICE servicename QUE ENA command.
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Section 9
TCP/IP
Troubleshooting
(cont.)
Troubleshooting
If the wrong IP address is loaded, check your network for file servers that have DHCP, BOOTP, or rarp
enabled, and make sure that these file servers are not set up to load IP addresses into the print server.
Also, make sure that you do not use the command SET IP BOOT 0 to disable TCP/IP broadcasts;
instead, you should use the command SET IP METHOD STATIC (otherwise, unpredictable results will
occur).
If you have problems with queues locking up when the active print job is deleted, try setting the IP
timeout to one minute with the console command SET IP TIMEOUT 1.
If you are using certain IP switch models with the TROY PocketPro 100S, you may not be able to
communicate unless you set the Keepalive Timer using the WebXAdmin Configure TCP/IP facility or the
console command SET IP KEEPALIVE 5. This sends out an ARP broadcast every five minutes to notify
the switch that the print server is still on the network.
NetWare
Troubleshooting
If you cannot print from NetWare and you have checked the hardware and network as described in the previous
steps, first verify that the print server is attached to the server queue by going to PCONSOLE, selecting PRINT
QUEUE INFORMATION, and then CURRENTLY ATTACHED SERVERS. If the TROY print server does not
appear in the list of attached servers, then check the following (note that it is always a good idea to try deleting
and recreating the print server and creating a new print queue in order to eliminate the possibility of setup
errors):
If you cannot create a print queue, make sure that you have sufficient NetWare privileges. With NetWare
3.12 and earlier, you MUST be logged in as SUPERVISOR (not someone with Supervisor privileges). If
you are having problems creating queues with NetWare 4.xx and later, try logging in as ADMIN. Also,
make sure that you are not trying to run ExtendView or XAdmin32 with the Microsoft NetWare client
(you must use the Novell 32-bit client).
If you changed the login password, you must change the password in both the TROY print server (using
the SET NETWARE PASSWORD command) and in the file server (using the PCONSOLE Print Server
Information Change Password command).
Make sure that you have enabled at least one NetWare file server using the SET NETWARE SERVER
servername ENABLED command.
Ensure that you have not exceeded your NetWare user limit.
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Section 9
NetWare
Troubleshooting
(cont.)
Troubleshooting
Make sure that the print server name you used in PCONSOLE exactly matches the name that is configured in the print server, and make sure it is defined as a Queue Server for the print queue.
If you are running both 802.3 and Ethernet II frames on different file servers on your network, there is a
possibility that the print server may not make a connection to the desired file server. Try forcing the
frame type to the desired one using the SET NETWARE FRAME command from the TROY print server
remote console.
If you are losing portions of your print job and you are using the DOS NetWare drivers, try setting the
TIMEOUT parameter in your CAPTURE statement to a higher value (at least 50 seconds for Windows).
AppleTalk
Troubleshooting
If you cannot print from an AppleTalk for Macintosh computer, you have checked the hardware and network as
described in the previous steps, then check the following:
Make sure that you are running Phase 2 AppleTalk and that you have selected the correct network
interface from the Network Control Panel on the Macintosh.
If you have a large network, ensure you have the Laser Writer V8.2 or later drivers (or equivalent driver
such as the HP LaserJet 8.2), because earlier versions may cause PostScript errors. Also, verify that you
get the correct printer information when you select Printer Info from the Setup button in the Chooser.
If you are using the LaserWriter 8.4 (or above) drivers and the print server is at the latest firmware.
Make sure that you have selected the correct Printer Description File (PPD) from the Chooser (otherwise
PostScript errors may result).
Verify that you have selected the correct AppleTalk zone. Because the TROY print server gets its zone
information from router broadcasts, it may not be in the zone you expect, and will therefore not show up
in the Chooser. If this is the case, you may need to force the zone name with the SET APPLETALK
ZONE command described in Appendix A.
Verify that you have a PostScript printer, because AppleTalk require PostScript. If you have a printer
with automatic language switching, the printer may need to be manually forced into PostScript mode via
the printer front panel.
If you are using PATHWORKS for Macintosh, make sure that you specified the LAT port (not the normal
[email protected]) as the destination.
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Section 9
AppleTalk
Troubleshooting
(cont.)
Troubleshooting
If you are using older versions of the LaserWriter drivers, verify that the Laser Prep versions on all
Macintosh computers that need to print to the TROY print server are the same (not required with
LaserWriter 8.xx drivers).
Make sure that printer supports bidirectional communications. If it does not, use the console command
SET SERVICE servicename RECEIVE ENABLED to enable AppleTalk spoofing. If the preceding does
not work, verify that the printer supports bidirectional communications over the parallel port.
If you are having problems printing scanned images, bitmapped graphics, or other binary graphics, you
will need to enable binary graphics support on the AppleTalk service using the command SET SERVICE
servicename FILTER 4. The printer must support the HP Tagged Binary Communications
Protocol.
Windows
Server
Troubleshooting
If you are having trouble printing with a Windows Server, check the following (also refer to the TCP/IP
Troubleshooting section):
Make sure that you can ping the TROY PocketPro 100S using the DOS command PING ipaddress,
where ipaddress is the IP address of the TROY print server. If you cannot ping the print server, you will
not be able to print.
Make sure that TCP/IP and lpr printing are installed and running if you are running a Windows NT
system or a LAN Server file server.
If you are having problems printing to the TROY print server from a client PC that is connected to a
Windows or LAN Server file server, verify that you can print a job directly from the DOS or OS/2 prompt
on the file server. If you can print from the file server but not from the client, then the problem is
probably with the client to server communications rather than with the TCP/IP link to the TROY print
server. Check your file server network setup (for example, make sure that you can print from the client to
other printers on the network).
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Section 10
Customer Support and Warranty
Introduction
TROY Group, Inc. offers several customer support options to assist you in the event you experience difficulties
with your TROY PocketPro 100S, including telephone support, repair services, and warranty.
Worldwide
Web Support
The TROY worldwide web site provides a quick and easy way to answer many common technical questions. It
includes a wide variety of technical support tips, as well as copies of product manuals, product literature, and
firmware load images. The web site is located at http://www.troygroup.com.
Obtaining
Technical
Support
Your first point of contact for technical support is the Distributor or Dealer from whom you bought your TROY
PocketPro 100S. They are familiar with your needs, and will generally be able to provide you with the fastest
and most comprehensive support.
If your Distributor or Dealer is unable to answer your questions or is for some reason not available, then contact
TROY directly at (800) 332-6427, 8 AM to 8 PM, Monday through Friday, Eastern Standard Time. Or you can
send a fax at (304) 232-0996 or send an e-mail to: [email protected]
Before contacting Technical Support, please refer to Section 9 in this manual for troubleshooting suggestions or
the TROY web site to isolate any problems, and be sure to write down any error messages. Also, make sure that
you have the serial number of the product (located on the product label on the card).
North and South America
If you need to talk to one of our Technical Support Specialists, our support line is open Monday through Friday,
8 AM to 8 PM, Eastern Standard Time.
U.S. 48 contiguous States: (800) 332-6427
Canada, Alaska, Hawaii, and South America: +1-304-232-0899
E-Mail: <[email protected]>
Europe
Technical support is available in either German or English from Monday through Thursday, 9 AM to 12 PM and
1 PM to 5 PM, and on Friday from 9 AM to 12 PM and 1 PM to 4 PM.
Phone: +49-7032-9454-21
E-Mail: <[email protected]>
Web: <http://www.troygroup.de>
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Section 10
Returning
Products
Customer Support and Warranty
If you need to return a TROY product for any reason (failures, incorrect shipments, etc.), follow the steps below:
1. Contact the TROY Technical Support group at (800) 332-6427 to request a Return Goods Authorization
(RGA) number. For North and South American customers (customers outside the continental United States),
please call (304) 232-0899 to request an RGA number. For European customers, call +49-7032-9454-21 and
request a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number.
2. Be prepared with the serial number of the unit you are returning. You will be asked for the serial number to
verify warranty coverage.
Please record these serial numbers in the space provided below for future reference.
Print Server Model #: ________________________________
Print Server S/N: ____________________________________
Make sure that you write the RMA or RGA number on the outside of the shipping container you use to return the
product. Please ship the defective product(s) to the appropriate address below:
North and South America:
Europe:
TROY Group, Inc.
RGA# _________
3 Bryan Drive
Wheeling, WV 26003
TROY GmbH
RMA# _________
Schwarzwaldstr. 99
D-71083 Herrenberg,
Germany
If the unit is not under warranty, you will be billed for the standard repair charges. If you do not have a valid
TROY account number, you may be asked for payment in advance (Mastercard, Visa, American Express, check,
or money order).
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10-2
Section 10
Warranty
Customer Support and Warranty
TROY print servers are warranted to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a period of five years.
This period begins upon the date of shipment if the Hardware is installed by the Purchaser, or upon installation if
the Hardware is installed by TROY. During the warranty period, TROY will repair or replace the unit at no
charge provided it is returned to TROY with the freight prepaid as described in the "Returning Products" section
of this chapter. To ensure prompt service, please fill out the enclosed warranty card.
The warranty on repaired products or replacement products is 30 days or the last day of the warranty of the
original defective product, whichever is longer. This warranty does not apply if the Product has been damaged
by accident, misuse, natural catastrophe, modification, improper service, or conditions resulting from causes
external to the Product. The warranty shall be void if the TROY serial numbers have been removed.
Disclaimer
The above warranty is the exclusive, and no other warranty, expressed or implied, shall apply. TROY specifically
disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Purchaser's sole and
exclusive remedy for any breach of this warranty, regardless of the form of action, whether contract, tort, or
otherwise, shall be TROY's obligation to repair or replace as set forth above.
Contacts
Corporate Headquarters:
TROY Group, Inc.
2331 South Pullman Street
Santa Ana, CA 92705 USA
Technical
Support
North and South America:
Europe:
U.S. 48 contiguous States: (800) 332-6427
Canada, Alaska, Hawaii, and South America: +1-304-232-0899
E-Mail: <[email protected]>
Phone: +49-7032-9454-21
E-Mail: <[email protected]>
Web: <http://www.troygroup.de>
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10-3
Appendix A
Introduction
Command Summary
Although it is not normally necessary to change the TROY PocketPro 100S default parameters, you can change
the configuration using any one of the following methods:
TELNET
TROY XCONFIG NetWare Utility
WebXAdmin (console)
The general configuration procedure is the same, regardless of which method is used.
Certain print server NetWare parameters (such as the NetWare service name) can also be changed by using the
TROY ExtendView, XAdmin32, or WebXAdmin utility.
TELNET
To connect to the print server using TELNET on UNIX, Windows NT, or most other TCP/IP systems, type the
following command at the UNIX system prompt:
TELNET ipaddress
The ipaddress is the IP address of the print server. When you are connected, press RETURN or ENTER to get
the "#" prompt, enter the password ACCESS (it will not echo), and type anything in response to the Enter
Username> prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, you are ready to enter commands.
XCONFIG
The XCONFIG utility can be downloaded from the TROY web site (http://www.troygroup.com/wireless). To
connect to the print server using the TROY XCONFIG NetWare utility, execute the following command at the
DOS prompt:
XCONFIG
If you have only one print server, you will be immediately connected. If you have more than one print server,
you will be given a list of available print servers. Type the number of the print server that you want to connect
to. When you are connected, enter the password ACCESS (it will not print) at the "#" prompt, and type anything
in response to the Enter Username> prompt. When you get the Local> prompt, you are ready to enter
commands.
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A-1
Appendix A
General
Server
Commands
Command Summary
CLear FAtal
Deletes fatal error log
CLear PAssword
Remove console password
CLear POrt portname JOB
Clears current entry in the print server's internal queue for the specified portname (P1 for the first parallel port,
S1 for the first serial port, P2 for the second parallel port, and S2 for the second serial port)
CLear SERVEr STRing n
Remove BOT/EOT string (see Appendix B)
EXIT/^D
Exits print server console
HElp
Provides information on available commands
SET DEFAULT
Sets print server parameters to factory defaults
SET LOAD DIsable
Disables firmware reload after exit
SET LOAD ENable
Enables firmware reload after exit
SET LOAD HOst <name>
Sets node name of boot host for (NetWare firmware load)
SET LOAD IP aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets IP address of load host (TCP/IP firmware load)
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Appendix A
General
Server
Commands
(cont.)
Command Summary
SET LOAD SOftware <filename>
Sets host filename of firmware to load.
SET LOAD XModem
Begins XModem serial download of new firmware
SET PAssword <password>
Sets console password (default password is ACCESS)
SET PORT <parallelportname> BIDir [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables bidirectional communications on parallel port, where <portname> is P1 for first parallel port or
P2 for second parallel port
SET PORT <parallelportname> DMA [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables DMA support on parallel port
SET PORT <parallelportname> FSTB [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables fast strobe mode support on parallel port
SET PORT <parallelportname> NBUF [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables no buffer support on parallel port
SET PROtect <password>
Set console protection password to prevent access to SET commands (use UNPROTECT command to access
SET commands)
SET SERVEr DEscription
Sets node description string displayed with SHOW SERVER command
SET SERVEr STRing n "..."
Defines server BOT/EOT string (see Appendix B)
SET SERVIce <servicename> <protocol> [EN|DIS]
Enable or disables specified protocol on the specified service.
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Appendix A
General
Server
Commands
(cont.)
Command Summary
SET SERVIce <servicename> BOT nn
Set service BOT string to nn (see Appendix B)
SET SERVIce <servicename> EOT nn
Set service EOT string to nn (see Appendix B)
SET SERVIce <servicename> FIlter nn
Set service filter to nn (see Appendix B)
SET SERVIce <servicename> FMS nn
Sets filter 1 match string to nn
SET SERVIce <servicename> FRS nn
Sets filter 1 replace string to nn
SET SERVIce <servicename> NAme <newname>
Changes service name
SET SERVIce <servicename> POrt <portname>
Change service port (<portname> is P1 for the parallel port
SET SERVIce <servicename> RECeive [EN|DIS]
Set receive only mode on specified service
SET SERVIce <servicename> TCP nn
Sets TCP port number of service
SHow FAtal
Show fatal error log
SHow FRee
Shows memory available
SHow LOAd
Shows firmware update parameters
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Appendix A
General
Server
Commands
(cont.)
Command Summary
SHow POP3
Shows POP3 parameters
SHow POrt
Shows port parameters
SHow POrt <name> STA
Shows current port status.
SHow SERVEr
Shows server parameters.
SHow SERVEr COunters
Shows server statistics.
SHow SERVEr QUeue
Shows print server internal queue.
SHow SERVIce
Shows service Parameters.
SHow SMTP
Shows SMTP parameters.
SHow SNMP
Shows SNMP variables.
SHow TEstpage
Prints test page.
SHow VErsion
Shows server firmware version.
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A-5
Appendix A
General
Server
Commands
(cont.)
Command Summary
UNPROtect
Allows system manager to temporarily access SET commands when remote console is in protected mode (See
SET PROTECTION command). The SET DEFAULT command can be used to permanently disable the
protected mode.
ZEro
Zeroes statistical counts.
AppleTalk
Commands
SET APpletalk [EN|DIS]
Enables or Disables Appletalk Processing
SET APpletalk ZOne "<name>"
Set Appletalk zone name
SET LOCaltalk [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables LocalTalk port
SET APpletalk [EN|DIS]
Enables/disables Appletalk processing
SET SERVIce <servicename> APP [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables AppleTalk jobs on specified service
SET SERVIce <servicename> ATYPE <string>
Sets AppleTalk type
SET SERVIce <servicename> RECEIVE [EN|DIS]
Enables or Disables bidirectional communications on service.
SHow APpletalk
Shows AppleTalk parameters
SHow LOCaltalk
Shows LocalTalk parameters
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Appendix A
NetBIOS/
NetBEUI
Commands
Command Summary
CLear NETBios DOMain <domainname>
Clears domain name
SET NETBios DOMain <domainname>
Sets NetBIOS domain name
SET NETBeui [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables NetBEUI
SET NETBios MEthod <type>
Sets method of getting WINS server address
SET NETBios PRimary aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets IP address of primary WINS server
SET NETBios SEcondary aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets IP address of secondary WINS server
SET SERVIce <servicename> NETBeui [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables NetBEUI on service
SHow NETBios
Shows NetBEUI/NetBIOS parameters
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Appendix A
NetWare
Commands
Command Summary
CLear NETWare SErver <server>
Removes specified NetWare file server from print server access list.
CLear NETWare QServer <fileserver> ON <servicename>
Removes queue server mode on service
CLear SERVIce <servicename> CONtext
Remove NDS context
CLear SERVIce <servicename> TREE
Remove NDS tree
SET NETWare ADvertise n
Sets advertising frequency of print server
SET NETWare [EN|DIS]
Enables/Disables Netware protocol on print server
SET NETWare FRame [802.2|802.3|ETH|AL|AU|SNA]
Sets Netware frame type to 802.2, 802.3, Ethernet II, ALL, AUTO, or SNAP
SET NETWare NEtwork n
Sets Netware internal network number
SET NETWare NPrinter <pserver> n ON <service>
Set NPrinter mode on service
SET NETWare PAssword <psw>
Sets print server login password for file server
SET NETWare POlling n
Sets queue polling time in seconds
SET NETWare QServer <fileserver> ON <service>
Sets Queue Server mode on service
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Appendix A
NetWare
Commands
(cont.)
Command Summary
SET NETWare Rescan
Rescans file servers for new queues
SET NETWare SErver <name> [EN|DIS]
Enables file server
SET SERVIce <servicename> CONtext <string>
Sets NDS context
SET SERVIce <servicename> NETW [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables NetWare jobs on specified service
SET SERVIce <servicename> TREE <string>
Sets NDS tree
SHow NETWare
Shows NetWare parameters
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Appendix A
SNMP
Commands
Command Summary
CLear SNMP CONtact <string>
Removes SNMP SysContact
CLear SNMP LOCation <string>
Removes SNMP SysLocation
SET SNMP GETCOMM
Gets SNMP community
<string>
SET SNMP SETCOMM1 <string>
Set SNMP community 1 name
SET SNMP SETCOMM2 <string>
Set SNMP community 2 name
SET SNMP CONtact
Set SNMP SysContact
<string>
SET SNMP LOCation <string>
Sets SNMP SysLocation
SET SNMP JETADmin [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables JetAdmin
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Appendix A
TCP/IP
Commands
Command Summary
SET IP ACcess [EN|DI|ALL] aa.bb.cc.dd {MAsk ee.ff.gg.hh}
Allows or prevents specified IP address from accessing print server.
SET IP ADdress aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets IP address of print server
SET IP BAnner [EN|DIS]
Enables or Disables trailing banner page for lpr/lpd jobs
SET IP BOot n
Number of DHCP/BOOTP/RARP tries
SET IP CHKSUM [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables IP receive checksum
SET IP [EN|DIS]
Enables or Disables IP Processing
SET IP FTime [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables fast timeout
SET IP KEepalive n
Sets IP keepalive timer in minutes
SET IP MEthod [AUTO|BOOTP|RARP|STATIC]
Sets method of getting IP address
SET IP PIng aa.bb.cc.dd
Test connection to IP host
SET IP RArp nn
Sets procedure used by print server when obtaining its IP address. By default, the IP address is set along with a
default subnet mask and a router address that is the same as the address of the load host. By setting nn to 1, the
subnet mask is not set. If nn is set to 2, the router address is not set. If nn is set to 3, neither the subnet mask nor
the router address is set.
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Appendix A
TCP/IP
Commands
(cont.)
Command Summary
SET IP REtry [EN|DIS]
Sets lpd retry continuation
SET IP ROuter aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets default router address
SET IP SUbnet aa.bb.cc.dd
Sets subnet mask
SET IP TImeout n
Sets inactivity timeout (minutes)
SET IP WIndow nn
Sets LPD/TCP maximum window size
SET SERVIce <servicename> IP [EN|DIS]
Enables or disables TCP/IP jobs on specified service
SET SERVICE <servicename> TCP nn
Sets TCP port number (>1023) on service
SHow IP
Shows LPD/TCP/TELNET Parameters
SHow IP ACcess
Shows IP addresses that are allowed to access print server
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Appendix B
Introduction
Available
Services
Using Services
A service is a resource that can be accessed by computers that wish to print to the print server. The TROY
PocketPro 100S print server provides the following predefined services (do a SHOW SERVICE command in the
print server remote console to get a list of available services).
Service
TWC_xxxxxx_P1
BINARY_P1
TEXT_P1_TX
POSTSCRIPT_P1
PCL_P1
TWC_xxxxxx_P1_AT
Definition
Parallel port binary service
Parallel port binary service
Parallel port TCP/IP text service (adds carriage return after each line feed)
Parallel port PostScript service (switches PJL-compatible printer to PostScript mode)
Parallel port PCL service (switches PJL-compatible printer to PCL mode)
Parallel port AppleTalk service
The "xxxxxx" is the last six digits of the Ethernet address (for example, TWC_009C53_P1). Any of the services,
not just the user-defined ones, can be modified to meet a user's particular requirements.
Predefined
Command
Strings
The TROY PocketPro 100S print server provides the powerful capability to customize any of the services to meet
specific user requirements through the use of setup and reset strings. Such strings are printer command
sequences that are sent to the printer before or after the print job. For example, you could define one of the
services to provide landscape mode printing by defining a setup string that contains the appropriate command to
put the printer into landscape mode.
The TROY PocketPro 100S print server provides several predefined strings for popular PCL, PostScript, and PJL
(the Page Job Language used by new Hewlett-Packard and other printers) commands. These include (do a SHOW
SERVER STRING command in the remote console to see the available strings):
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Appendix B
Predefined
Command
Strings
(cont.)
Using Services
No.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
String
(special)
NULL
\1BE
\04
\1B%-12345X
@PJL
Enter Language=
PCL\0A
Postscript\0A
\FF\04\FF\05\FF\06\FF\07
\FF\04\FF\05\FF\06\FF\08
\0C
Definition
Using this number causes printer to not automatically reset at end of job.
Null string
PCL reset (<ESC>E)
PostScript reset (CTRL-D)
PJL UEL
Enter PJL mode
PJL language switch
PJL PCL command
PJL PostScript command
Enter Language=PCL
Enter Language=PostScript
Formfeed
To define a new string, use the command:
SET SERVER STRING number “string”
The number is the number of the string (12 through 31) and string is the desired string (must be enclosed in
quotation marks).
A given string can include hexadecimal characters by preceding the value with a “\” character. The next two
characters after the “\” will then be interpreted as the hexadecimal value of a character. For example, to specify
<ESC>E as string number 12, you would enter:
SET SERVER STRING 12 “\1BE”
When you associate a string number with a service, the new string number completely replaces any previous
string numbers. Also, if you are using one of the predefined PostScript or PCL services, the new string will
nullify the language switching function of these services.
However, you can combine several string numbers together by preceding the string number with “\FF”. For
example, if you defined string number 21 as "\1B" (<ESC>), and string number 22 as “&l1O”, you can create a
new string number 23 that contains <ESC>&l1O (the PCL landscape mode command) by entering:
SET SERVER STRING 23 “\FF\15\FF\16”
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Appendix B
Predefined
Command
Strings
(cont.)
Using Services
The string numbers within the quotation marks are expressed in hexadecimal when used with this command.
To associate a string with the service, use the following commands:
SET SERVICE servicename BOT stringnumber
SET SERVICE servicename EOT stringnumber
The servicename is the name or number of the service and stringnumber is the number of the string as defined
above. The first command (BOT) adds the specified string to the beginning of the job, while the second
command (EOT) adds the specified string to the end of the job. A given service can have both a setup and reset
string associated with it.
To clear a string number, type:
CLEAR SERVER STRING stringnumber
To clear a setup or reset string, set the string number to 1 (the null string):
SET SERVICE servicename BOT 1
SET SERVICE servicename EOT 1
Enabling
Protocols on a
Service
You may enable or disable protocols that can access a given service with the following commands:
SET
SET
SET
SET
SET
SERVICE
SERVICE
SERVICE
SERVICE
SERVICE
name
name
name
name
name
IP ENABLED
NETWARE ENABLED
APPLE ENABLED
NETBEUI ENABLED
DLC ENABLED
The name is the name or number of the service. Do a SHOW SERVICE command to see the enabled protocols. Note
that a given service must have at least one protocol enabled.
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Appendix B
Adding Filters to
a Service
Using Services
A filter is a program built into the print server that performs a specific function. The following filters are
available:
filter no.
ONE
Description
This filter substitutes one user-specified character string for another character string. By
default, it substitutes a carriage return character plus a linefeed character every time a
linefeed character is encountered in the data stream. It is useful for printing UNIX text
files, because such files do not have carriage returns at the end at the end of lines.
filter no.
TWO
Description
This filter species that AppleTalk can be used on the service.
filter no.
THREE
Description
This filter converts a text file to PostScript for use with PostScript-only printers
filter no.
FOUR
Description
This filter enables the HP Tagged Binary Communications Protocol to allow AppleTalk
binary jobs to be printed via the parallel port.
The service TEXT_pp is predefined with the text filter, while the service TWC_xxxxxx_pp_AT has the
AppleTalk filter enabled. To use a filter with other services, use the following command:
SET SERVICE name FILTER fltrno ENABLED
The name is the name of the service and fltrno is the number of the filter (e.g., 1 for the text filter).
Changing the
Service Name
The default service names are rather long and difficult to remember. If you want to change a service name to
something more meaningful, execute the following command from the print server remote console:
SET SERVICE oldname NAME newname
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Appendix B
Using Service
Names with
TCP/IP or
NetWare
Using Services
To use services from TCP/IP, specify the service name as the remote printer or "rp" parameter in the printcap file
or the printer setup program (e.g., SAM or SMIT). Remember that if you want to print text files to a UNIX
service, you should enable the TEXT filter (filter number 1).
To use a service with NetWare, use PCONSOLE to specify the default NetWare service name as one of the print
servers for the queue (this service is TWC_xxxxxx_P1 by default, where "xxxxxx" is the last six digits of the
Ethernet address). If you want to use a different service, you must also specify this service as one of the print
servers for the print queue.
Using the
Character
Substitution
Filter
The character substitution filter (filter 1) allows you to substitute any text string for any other text string (strings
may be up to 64 characters, and the two strings may have different lengths). To use this filter:
1
Define the desired strings using the SET SERVER STRING stringnumber string command (the
same command used to define EOT and BOT strings). For example:
SET SERVER STRING 15 “\01”
SET SERVER STRING 16 “This is a test\0D”
This sets string 15 as <CONTROL-A> and string 16 as “This is a test”<RETURN>. The command SHOW
SERVER STRINGS shows the string settings.
2
Enable filter 1 on the desired service with the SET SERVICE servicename FILTER 1 command.
The command SHOW SERVICE displays which filters are enabled on the services, and the SHOW
SERVICE FILTER displays the filter settings.
3
Define the service with the desired match string and replacement string with the following commands:
SET SERVICE servicename FMS matchnumber
SET SERVICE servicename FRS replacenumber
The matchnumber and replacenumber are the numbers of the strings defined in step 1. If the match string is set
to 00, the default match string <LINEFEED> and replacement string <CARRIAGE RETURN><LINEFEED>
will be used. If the replacement string is set to 00 (and the match string is not zero), then the replacement is
NULL, and any matches are just deleted from the input stream.
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Appendix B
Using the
Character
Substitution
Filter (cont.)
Using Services
4
As an example of the use of filter 1, in certain types of IBM CICS print jobs, pages end with a <CONTROLA>. By using filter 1, you can substitute each occurrence of <CONTROL-A> with <FORMFEED>. This
would be implemented as follows on a service called “CICS”:
SET
SET
SET
SET
SERVER STRING 12 “\01”
SERVICE CICS FILTER 1
SERVICE CICS FMS 12
SERVICE CICS FRS 11
When jobs are printed to the CICS service, all occurrences of <CONTROL-A> will be replaced with
<FORMFEED>. Note that filter 11 is predefined as <FORMFEED>.
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Appendix C
Introduction
Reloading the Firmware
The firmware code used in the TROY PocketPro 100S print server is stored in flash memory. The firmware files
stored in the flash memory of the PocketPro 100S can be upgraded by downloading the appropriate update file.
NOTE: The firmware can also be upgraded using the XAdmin32 Utility by downloading the software and
procedures from the TROY web site at http://www.troygroup.com.
Downloading
New
Firmware
Using the
TCP/IP
Update Utility
in Windows
1. Run the TROY Wireless Update utility for TCP/IP. The About Update for TCP/IP window will be
displayed. Click on OK to continue. The Select Update File window will be displayed.
2. Select UpdateFiles (*.bin) file type, locate the PocketPro 100S bin file, and then click on Open. A window
will be displayed (see next page) showing the file(s) you have selected including the revision level and date
code for each file.
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Appendix C
Downloading
New
Firmware
Using the
TCP/IP
Update Utility
in Windows
(cont.)
Reloading the Firmware
3. Verify that the file(s) are correct, and then click on OK. The utility will start searching for qualified print
servers present on the network.
4. When the search process is complete, click on OK to continue. A list of found devices will be displayed.
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Appendix C
Downloading
New
Firmware
Using the
TCP/IP
Update Utility
in Windows
(cont.)
Reloading the Firmware
5. Select the desired PocketPro 100S to be upgraded, click on the green icon, or click on UPDATE Æ START.
The firmware update process will begin automatically as soon as the PocketPro 100S is ready.
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Appendix C
Downloading
New
Firmware
Using the
TCP/IP
Update Utility
in Windows
(cont.)
Reloading the Firmware
6. When the PocketPro 100S is ready, the firmware upgrade will begin. The IP address of the PocketPro 100S
as well as the file you are loading will be displayed.
7. The update log will be displayed when the update process is finished. Click on Close to continue.
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Appendix C
Downloading
New
Firmware
Using the
XAdmin32
Utility in
Windows
Reloading the Firmware
The PocketPro 100S firmware can also be upgraded using the XAdmin32 utility, which is available for download
from the TROY web site (www.troygroup.com/wireless). Perform the following steps to upgrade the PocketPro
100S firmware using the XAdmin32 utility.
1. Right-click on the print server to be upgraded in the list, and then select Load Firmware.
2. If you are using TCP/IP to upgrade, select TFTP PUT from this host. If you are upgrading using IPX/SPX
on a NetWare network to upgrade, select Netware GET from a server (If you are using Netware to upgrade,
you need to put the .bin firmware file in the LOGIN directory of the Netware server). Click on OK.
3. If you selected TFTP PUT from this host in Step 2, enter the configuration password (the default password is
ACCESS), and then click on Browse to find the .bin firmware file you downloaded. Click on Load. The
firmware on your PocketPro 100S will be upgraded to the new version.
4. If you selected Netware GET from a server in Step 2, enter the configuration password (the default password
is ACCESS). Enter the name of the Netware server where you saved the .bin file as the Host Name. Enter
the name of the firmware file for File. Click on OK. The firmware on your PocketPro 100S will be upgraded
to the new version.
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Appendix C
Downloading
from a
Windows NT
or UNIX Host
Computer
Using Master
Mode tftp
Reloading the Firmware
To download the print server firmware from a Windows NT or UNIX system using master mode tftp, first copy
the firmware update file to that host. Make sure that tftp is started by checking the appropriate files on your
system (on Windows NT, TCP/IP and Simple TCP/IP Services must be enabled in the Network Control Panel);
with UNIX, tftp must be enabled in your /etc/services file and possibly in another configuration file, such as
/etc/inetd.conf. Refer to your system documentation or the UNIX man pages for additional information.
To download the firmware from Windows NT/2000/XP, enter the following command:
tftp - i ipaddr put file password
The ipaddr is the IP address of the TROY print server, file is the name of the firmware update file, and password
is the print server password (ACCESS is the default password).
To download the file from most UNIX systems, enter the following commands from the UNIX system prompt:
tftp ipaddress
tftp> binary
tftp> put file password
The ipaddress is the IP address of the TROY print server, file is the name of the firmware update file, and
password is the print server password (ACCESS is the default password).
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Appendix C
Downloading
from a UNIX
Host
Computer
using Slave
Mode tftp
Reloading the Firmware
To download the print server firmware from a UNIX host using slave mode tftp, first copy the appropriate
firmware update file (for example, TROY.BIN) to that host. Make sure that tftp is started by checking the
appropriate files on your system (generally speaking, tftp must be enabled in your /etc/services file and possibly
in another configuration file, such as /etc/inetd.conf). Refer to your UNIX system documentation or man pages
for additional information.
Now log into the print server remote console using TELNET (refer to Appendix A for more information on using
commands), and execute the following commands:
SET LOAD IP unixhost-ipaddress
SET LOAD SOFTWARE "pathname"
SET LOAD ENABLE
The unixhost-ip address is the IP address of the UNIX load host and pathname is the full path name for the
firmware update file (e.g., /tftpboot/TROY.BIN). Some tftp implementations require that the update file
be located in the /tftpboot directory. Be sure to put the path name in quotes and remember that UNIX names
are case-sensitive. Also, make sure that your file protection allows general access to the boot directory.
When you type a CTRL-D to exit the remote console, the firmware update file will then be loaded into the print
server. The orange TEST LED will blink during the load process and will go out when the process is complete.
If the orange LED does not go out after about two minutes, check to make sure that you correctly entered all
parameters and that your network connections are good. Then power the print server off and then on again, enter
the SET LOAD ENABLE command, and exit the remote console to retry the download.
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Appendix C
Downloading
from a UNIX
Host
Computer
using BOOTP
Reloading the Firmware
To download the print server firmware from a UNIX host using BOOTP, first copy the firmware update file to
that host. Make sure that BOOTP and tftp are started by checking the appropriate files on your system (generally
speaking, BOOTP must be enabled in the /etc/inetd.conf file, while tftp must be enabled in your
/etc/services file and possibly in another configuration file, such as the /etc/inetd.conf file). Refer
to your UNIX system documentation or man pages for additional information.
Configure your /etc/bootptab file to specify the Ethernet address of the print server and the name of the
update file (for example, TROY.BIN). Make sure that your file protection allows general access to the directory
that contains the update file. The exact format of the file /etc/bootptab varies widely, so you will need to
refer to your UNIX system documentation for details. A typical /etc/bootptab file entry might be:
xc2:ht=ethernet:ha=00401700c953:\
ip=192.189.207.3:bf=/usr/TROY.BIN:
Now log into the print server remote console using TELNET (see Appendix A for more information on using
commands), and execute the following commands:
SET LOAD SOFTWARE "pathname"
SET LOAD ENABLE
The unixhost-ip address is the IP address of the UNIX load host and pathname is the full path name for the
firmware update file (e.g., /tftpboot/TROY.BIN). Be sure to put the path name in quotes and remember
that UNIX names are case-sensitive. Also, make sure that your file protection allows general access to the boot
directory.
When you type a CTRL-D to exit the remote console, the firmware update file will then be loaded into the print
server. The red TEST LED will blink during the load process and will go out when the process is complete.
If the red LED does not go out after about two minutes, check to make sure that you correctly entered all
parameters and that your network connections are good. Power the printer off and then on again, enter the SET
LOAD ENABLE command, and then type EXIT to exit the remote console and retry the download.
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Appendix C
Downloading
from a
NetWare
Server
Reloading the Firmware
To download from a NetWare server, first copy the firmware update file into the \login directory on your SYS
partition (SYS:\LOGIN). Using the \login directory will eliminate any potential file protection problems.
Connect to the print server remote console using XCONFIG (refer to Appendix A for more information on using
commands) and enter the following commands in response to Local> prompt.
SET LOAD HOST fileservername
SET LOAD SOFTWARE SYS:\LOGIN\TROY.BIN
SET LOAD ENABLE
The fileservername is the name of the file server. Substitute the actual name of your firmware update file for
"TROY.BIN". When you type a CTRL-D to exit the remote console, the file TROY.BIN will then be loaded into
the print server. The red diagnostic LED will blink during the load process and will go out when the process is
complete.
If the red LED does not go out after about two minutes, check to make sure that you correctly entered all
parameters and that your network connections are good. Then power the print server off and then on again, enter
the SET LOAD ENABLE command, and exit the remote console to retry the download.
Obtaining
Firmware
Updates
To get the latest firmware updates for your TROY PocketPro 100S print server, go to the Tech Support pages on
the TROY web site at http://www.troygroup.com/wireless.
If you do not have Internet access, you may contact TROY Tech Support at (800) 332-6427, fax (304) 232-0996,
or send an e-mail using the following address: [email protected] The firmware can be mailed to
you on a diskette or electronically sent to you.
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Appendix D
Glossary
10base2
A type of Ethernet that uses RG58 coaxial cable. Also called Thin Ethernet, ThinNet, and CheaperNet.
10base5
The original Ethernet standard that uses a thick coaxial cable. Also called thick Ethernet or standard Ethernet.
10baseT
A type of Ethernet that uses unshielded twisted pair cable.
100baseT4
A 100 megabit/second networking standard based on Ethernet technology that uses four pairs on a Category 3
twisted pair cable (not widely used).
100baseTX
The most popular 100 megabit/second networking standard based on Ethernet technology. It uses two pairs on a
Category 5 twisted pair cable.
802.2
(1) The IEEE standard for the Logical Link Control layer of the Ethernet protocol. The LLC layer is
implemented as special fields containing control information within an IEEE compatible Ethernet frame.
(2) The NetWare Ethernet frame type that includes both the IEEE 802.3 and 802.2 fields.
802.3
(1) The IEEE standard for Ethernet. (2) The default Ethernet frame type for NetWare 3.xx and 2.xx (also called
802.3 raw; NetWare 802.3 is technically not IEEE compatible because it does not have the 802.2 fields).
A4
The International standard paper size (210 x 297mm).
Address
An identifier. Every device on a network has a unique address.
AIX
The variation of UNIX that runs on IBM computers.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Anonymous FTP
A method by which any user on a network can access certain files on a given host computer by logging in under
the name anonymous after connecting to that computer with the FTP protocol.
AppleTalk
A protocol developed by Apple Computer for file sharing and print sharing. AppleTalk runs over Ethernet,
LocalTalk, and Token Ring.
arp
The standard TCP/IP method for determining a device's actual network address based on its IP address. Also
used by TROY print servers to set the IP address.
ASCII
A standard for the binary representation of characters.
AT&T UNIX
One of two major variants of UNIX on which operating systems like HP/UX, Solaris, and SCO UNIX are based.
Originally developed by AT&T.
AUI
Attachment Unit Interface is the 15-pin Ethernet connector that is used to connect to a transceiver. Also called a
DIX connector or a thick Ethernet port. See also 10base5.
Batch File
A file containing a number of system-level commands. When this file is run, each of the commands in the file
are executed, thereby eliminating the need to type in each command individually.
Berkeley UNIX
One of two major variants of UNIX on which operating systems like Digital UNIX and SunOS are based.
Originally developed by the University of California-Berkeley.
Bidirectional
Capable of communications in two directions. With printers, this usually means that the printer is capable of
receiving data and sending back status information to the host computer.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Binary File
(1) A file that contains data that is not in a standard format like ASCII. In printing, binary files typically contain
graphical information such as scanned photographs. (2) A special type of PostScript file that contains
compressed binary information.
Bindery
In NetWare 2.xx and 3.xx, a database containing definitions for network entities, including users, file servers,
print servers, etc., along with the properties associated with such entities. In NetWare 4.xx, bindery emulation is
available for compatibility with older versions.
Bitronics
Refers to a bidirectional P1284-compatible parallel port.
BOOTP
A standard TCP/IP method for downloading information such as the IP address into a network device.
Bridge
A device that connects two local area network segments together. A bridge operates at level 2 of the OSI
Reference model, which means that it operates transparently with higher-level protocols like NetWare and LAT.
Broadcast
In a network, a situation in which all destinations on the network receive a copy of a given packet.
Centronics
The standard for parallel printer ports that is used on the majority of printers.
Chooser
A Macintosh program that allows a user to select a printer on a network.
Circuit
A logical connection between two or more devices on a network.
Client
A computer on a local area network that obtains services from a server on the network.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Command File
The VMS equivalent of a batch file. See batch file.
Console
A program running on a device (such as print server) that allows a user to configure and monitor that device.
DCPS
Abbreviation for DECprint Supervisor.
Data Link Layer
Layer 2 of the OSI Reference Model that assembles and disassembles frames, handles synchronization, and
detects errors.
Dataproducts
A standard for parallel printer ports that was originally developed by Dataproducts Corporation for its line
printers and is common on older Digital Equipment corporation printers. Rarely used today. Can be handled
with TROY external print servers via a third-party adapter.
DECNET
A network operating system and the corresponding protocol developed by Digital Equipment Corporation. Not
to be confused with LAT, which is a different DEC protocol.
DECprint Supervisor
Sophisticated PostScript-based printing software for VMS that handles job queueing, error and status reporting,
and translation of PCL, Tektronix 4014, and LN03 page description languages.
Digital UNIX
The latest Digital Equipment Corporation version of UNIX. It replaces OSF/1 and ULTRIX, and uses standard
Berkeley UNIX TCP/IP and lpr/lpd for printing.
Direct Mode IPX
The protocol used by Windows 95 for peer-to-peer communications.
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Appendix D
Glossary
DLC/LLC
A protocol used for printing on Windows for Workgroups, LAN Manager, and other network operating systems;
being phased out in favor of newer protocols like Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer direct mode IPX and TCP/IP.
DMA
Direct Memory Access is high performance computer architecture in which data is transferred in large blocks
between the processor's memory and an external device without any processor intervention.
DOS
Disk Operating System now commonly refers to the PC operating system developed by Microsoft that is
officially called MS-DOS.
Download
The process of copying firmware or software from one computer to another computer or other device on the
network (such as a print server).
Driver
Low-level software that interfaces a hardware device such as a printer to the computer's operating system. The
driver allows programs running on the computer to access the hardware device in a relatively simple manner.
Duplex Printing
Printing on both sides of a sheet of paper.
EIO
The internal bus used by the latest HP printers like the HP LaserJet 4000, 5000, and 8000 series printers.
Escape Sequence
A series of characters, usually starting with the ESCAPE character (ASCII 27) that is used to control a printer or
print job.
Ethernet
The most popular Local Area Network standard, which was developed originally by Xerox, Intel, and Digital
Equipment Corporation. It operates at a speed of 10 million bits per second.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Ethernet II
(1) The second generation of Ethernet, which was developed before the IEEE 802.3 standard. (2) A frame that is
compatible with the Ethernet II standard.
Ethernet_SNAP
Ethernet Sub-Network Access Protocol, an Ethernet frame type that is derived from the 802.2 standard.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol, a TCP/IP-related protocol for transferring files between devices on a network.
File Server
A device on a local area network that provides services to client computers on the network, such as file sharing,
print services, etc.
Firmware
The program that operates a microprocessor-based device like a print server. Essentially the same as software,
but the term "software" usually applies to general-purpose computers.
Flash Memory
A type of memory that allows read and write operations, but permanently stores data when the power is turned
off. It is useful for storing firmware, because it can be easily updated by downloading new code.
Font
A set of characters (usually the alphabet plus numbers punctuation, and special characters) that have a particular
style.
Form
A template describing the way a page will appear when printed.
Frame
A group of data and control information that is sent over a network. Often used interchangeably with packet,
although frame is normally used with lower-layer protocols like Ethernet, while packet is associated with higher
layer protocols like IP and IPX.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Gateway
(1) In TCP/IP jargon, a gateway is the same as a router (see Router). (2) A device that converts one higher-level
network protocol to a different higher-level protocol (for example, a LAT-to-TCP/IP gateway).
Hops
The number of routers that are located between two devices, such as the print server and the file server.
Host Computer
A computer that provides services to one or more users.
Hosts File
The file on a UNIX host computer (usually in the /etc directory) that contains a list of host computers on the
network).
HP/UX
The variation of UNIX that runs on Hewlett-Packard computers.
Hub
(1) A multiport repeater for connecting several network segments together; this term is usually associated with
10baseT networks. (2) A sophisticated network device consisting of a chassis plus several plug-in boards,
including bridges, routers, 10baseT hubs, and other devices.
IEEE
International Electronics and Electrical Engineers is a standards body that controls the specifications for Ethernet
and other networking-related standards.
IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force is the group that defines the de facto standards for TCP/IP.
I/O Slot
Input/Output slot; in printers, a place where network interface cards are mounted.
IOP
Internal Option Port is the bus used on Lexmark 4039 and Optra Series printers to connect network interface
cards.
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Appendix D
Glossary
IP
Internet Protocol, one of the core protocols of the TCP/IP protocol suite.
IP Address
A network address used by the TCP/IP protocol.
IPP
Internet Printing Protocol, an emerging standard for printing across LANs and the Internet.
IPX
Internetwork Packet Exchange, one of the NetWare core protocols. Used in conjunction with SPX for printing
and other applications.
JetAdmin
A Hewlett-Packard printer management program available for NetWare and TCP/IP.
JetSend
A protocol originally designed by Hewlett-Packard for simple device-to-device communications.
JetStatus
A feature of TROY print servers that allows a user to view the status of the printer. The SHOW SERVER
QUEUE command invokes JetStatus; on XJet IV print servers, more detailed information is available via the
SHOW PORT P1 STATUS command.
Job
In printing, a document that is sent to the printer from a computer.
LAN
Local Area Network is a high-speed method of interconnecting devices in a local or campus environment.
LAN Manager
A network operating system developed by Microsoft Corporation.
LAN Server
A network operating system developed by IBM Corporation, based on Microsoft's LAN Manager.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Landscape mode
Printing a document with the long edge of the paper at the top.
LAT
Local Area Transport, a protocol originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation.
LAT port
A logical port through which LAT devices can send data to other LAT devices. A LAT application port is the
default type of LAT port that is used for printing applications (the other type of LAT port is a dedicated port that
always accesses a single service on the host computer).
LATCP
A VMS utility program used to configure LAT ports.
LAT Symbiont (LATSYM)
A VMS program that controls the printing of jobs via LAT ports.
Legal Size
The U.S. long paper size (8.5 x 14 inches).
Letter Size
The U.S. standard paper size (8.5 x 11 inches).
LLC
Logical Link Control, one of two Ethernet protocol layers that combined, correspond to the OSI data link layer.
The LLC layer provides a hardware-independent interface to higher-level protocols.
LN03
An older Digital Equipment Corporation laser printer. The LN03 used the ANSI PPL page description language,
while its successor the LN03-Plus added Sixel graphics capabilities.
LocalTalk
A low-speed (230.4Kbps) local area network standard developed by Apple Computer. Normally used with the
AppleTalk protocol.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Logical
Refers to conceptual rather than physical. For example, a computer may have a single physical connection to the
network (an Ethernet adapter card), but may have logical connections to many different devices on the network.
lpd
Line Printer Daemon is a program that runs on a host computer or a dedicated print server that allows other host
computers to print jobs on that computer or print server. TROY print servers use lpd to allow printing from
computers on the network.
lpd-Plus
A feature of TROY print servers that allows the user to define multiple services, each with a different setup and
reset string. For example, a user could have one service for landscape printing and another for duplex printing.
Also called logical printers.
lpr
Line Printer Remote, the program that runs on a client computer to request print services from an lpd host
computer or print server.
lpq
A Berkeley UNIX command for obtaining the status of printers.
lpstat
An AT&T UNIX command for obtaining the status of printers.
LPT1
The primary parallel port on a PC. Many networking programs allow transparent printing to network printers by
accepting output intended for LPT1 and redirecting it over the network.
MAC
Medium Access Control, one of two Ethernet protocol layers that, together, correspond to the Data Link layer of
the OSI model. The MAC layer interfaces to the Ethernet hardware. A MAC address is the same as an Ethernet
address.
man page
In UNIX systems, the man pages are an on-line help facility that provide information on various topics.
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Appendix D
Glossary
MAPI
Messaging Applications Program Interface, a popular method for applications programs to send E-mail messages
through Windows operating systems.
MIO
Modular I/O, the internal bus on newer HP printers that connects to network interface cards.
MOP
Maintenance-Oriented Protocol, the protocol used by the VMS NCP and NCL utilities and for downloading files.
multiprotocol
Refers to the ability to handle multiple protocols simultaneously. In a print server, this means that multiple
computers can concurrently send print jobs to the same printer.
Name Server
A node on a TCP/IP network that provides a list of all nodes on the network. The name server is accessible from
any node, and eliminates the need to have separate hosts files on each node.
NCL
Network Control Language, the method in OpenVMS V6.1 and later for accessing and maintaining remote
devices. Replaces NCP.
NCP
Network Control Program, a VMS utility for accessing and maintaining remote devices.
NDS
NetWare Directory Services, a database of network entities in NetWare 4.xx, such as users, file servers, print
servers, etc. NDS is a global directory service, which means that users anywhere on a network can access a
service such as a printer by name without being logged into the file server that offers that service.
NDPS
Novell Distributed Print Services is a method for configuring printers in NetWare 5.0 and later systems.
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Appendix D
Glossary
NetBEUI
A networking protocol that is used on Microsoft network operating systems. Although NetBEUI can be used for
printing, it is being replaced by newer printing protocols like the Windows 95 Peer-to-Peer direct mode IPX and
TCP/IP.
NetWare
A network operating system developed by Novell.
Network Layer
Layer 3 of the OSI Reference Model; establishes paths to allow packets to be routed throughout the network. IP
and IPX are examples of this layer.
Network Operating System
A program that controls the operation of a network.
NLM (NetWare Loadable Module)
In NetWare 3.xx or 4.xx, a program that runs on the file server that performs a specific function such as
communications.
Node
A device connected to a network, such as a computer or print server.
NPRINTER
The method for connecting a remote printer to a print server in NetWare V4.xx. See also Remote Printer.
NWADMIN
The Windows-based NetWare Administrator utility that is used to manage NetWare file servers from a client
workstation.
OpenVMS
DEC's latest name for the VMS operating system, which was originally called VAX/VMS.
OS/2
IBM's PC operating system. Primarily significant because it is used as the file server operating system on LAN
Manager and LAN Server networks.
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Appendix D
Glossary
OS/400
The operating system used on IBM AS/400 minicomputers.
OSF/1
DEC's version of UNIX that was originally called ULTRIX and is now called Digital UNIX. OSF/1 uses the
standard Berkeley lpr/lpd procedures for printing to remote host computers and print servers.
OSI Reference Model
A seven-layer model developed by the International Standards Organization that is used as a reference for
developing protocols. Since each layer performs a different function, development and debugging are simplified,
and there is greater flexibility (for example, this approach allows TCP/IP to run over both Ethernet and Token
Ring).
P1284
An IEEE standard that defines a high-speed bidirectional parallel printer port. P1284 ports are also compatible
with the Centronics standard. There are three types of physical connectors associated with the 1284 standard:
1284A (25-pin DB25), 1284B (36-pin standard Centronics), and 1284C (miniature Centronics). pp. 1-2, 2-15.
Packet
A group of data and control information that is sent over a network. Often used interchangeably with frame,
although frame is normally used with lower-layer protocols like Ethernet, while packet is associated with higher
layer protocols like IP and IPX.
Page Description Language
A control language usually consisting of commands embedded within a document that control the way the
document will look when printed. Such commands would set the type of fonts, page margins, colors, graphics,
etc. within the document.
Parallel Port
On a printer, a port that transfers data 8 bits at a time for maximum performance. The parallel port usually has a
36-pin Centronics connector.
PATHWORKS
The Digital Equipment Corporation network operating system for PCs and Macintosh computers.
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Appendix D
Glossary
PCL
A page description language originally developed by Hewlett-Packard for its LaserJet printers.
PCONSOLE
A NetWare utility program for configuring and managing printers.
PDL
An abbreviation for Page Description Language.
Peer-to-Peer
(1) A LAN in which nodes communicate with each other without the need for a file server. (2) A new protocol
for peer-to-peer communications that is included with Windows 95 (also known as Direct Mode IPX).
Physical Layer
Layer 1 of the OSI Reference Model; defines the physical and electrical connection to the network.
PJL
Page Job Language, a Hewlett-Packard printer control language that is independent of the page description
language.
Ping
A TCP/IP command that determines whether a device is alive on the network.
POP3
Post Office Protocol, the protocol used to retrieve E-mail from the server.
Port
(1) A physical connector, such as the parallel port. (2) A logical connection to a device.
Portrait mode
Printing a document with the short edge of the paper at the top (the normal method of printing).
PostScript
A page description language originally developed by Adobe that is widely used in graphics arts applications.
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Appendix D
Glossary
PPD
See Printer Description File.
PPL
An ANSI-standard page description language originally used in the DEC LN03 laser printer.
Printcap File
The file on a UNIX host computer (usually in the /etc directory) that contains a list of printers.
PRINTCON
A NetWare utility program for defining the characteristics of the print job.
PRINTDEF
A NetWare utility program for defining the characteristics of a printer or form. These characteristics are
associated with the print job via the PRINTCON utility.
Printer Description File
A file used in PostScript printing that describes the features available on the printer. Commonly used with Apple
Macintosh computers (also called a PPD).
Print Server
(1) A device that allows multiple host computers to share a printer over a local area network. (2) In Novell
NetWare, a logical device that services print queues on a file server.
Protocol
A method of sending and receiving data between two or more nodes on a network, and insuring that the data is
received without errors.
Queue
A region on the computer or file server's disk where files are temporarily stored before printing. Since the queue
can store multiple files, it effectively allows users to send their jobs to the printer even if the printer is busy (a
procedure called spooling).
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Appendix D
Glossary
Queue Server
In Novell NetWare, a queue server is basically the same as a NetWare print server. Queue Server mode is a
NetWare printing method in which the printer is directly connected to the print server with no PSERVER NLM
installed on the file server.
rarp
Reverse Arp, a standard TCP/IP method of determining a device’s IP address based on its Ethernet address.
Raw TCP port
A type of TCP port (see TCP port) in which data is passed unmodified to the receiving node.
RCONSOLE
A NetWare utility program that allows a workstation user to access the file server console.
Remote Console
A method of accessing the print server console remotely via protocols like TELNET or NCP for configuration
and management purposes.
Remote Printer
In Novell NetWare, a remote printer is a device that connects a printer to a NetWare print server via a network
connection rather than through the parallel or serial port of the print server.
Repeater
A network device that connects two or more network segments together and provides the additional function of
strengthening and reshaping the electrical signals, thereby allowing the network to be extended over greater
distances.
Reset
In printing, a reset is a one or more characters sent after a print job. Usually, the purpose of a reset is to restore
the printer back to its normal state.
RJ45
A type of modular jack connector similar to a telephone connector but with eight wires.
Ethernet connections and for serial port connections.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Router
A device that connects networks together. A router operates at level 3 of the OSI Reference model. A router is
called a gateway in TCP/IP terminology.
RPRINTER
The method for connecting a remote printer to a print server in NetWare V3.xx and V2.xx (replaced by
NPRINTER in NetWare V4.xx). See also Remote Printer.
RS-232
The most common serial interface electrical standard.
RS/6000
IBM's RISC-based family of computers.
SCO UNIX
A PC-based UNIX developed by the Santa Cruz Operation.
Segment
A physically or logically separate part of a network, usually a different cable, which is joined with other segments
of the network via a repeater, bridge, or router to form the complete network.
Serial Port
On a printer or print server, a port that transfers data one bit at a time. Serial ports usually have either 25-pin, 9pin "D", or RJ45 connectors.
Server
A device on a local area network that provides services to client computers on the network. See File Server,
Print Server.
Service
A capability offered by a node on a network. A single node can have multiple services available.
Setup string
A series of characters that is sent before a print job. Usually the purpose of a setup string is to put the printer in a
special state (for example, landscape mode).
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Appendix D
Glossary
Shell Script
The UNIX equivalent of a batch file. See batch file.
SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, a protocol used to send E-mail messages over the Internet.
SNAP
See Ethernet_SNAP.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol, a protocol for monitoring and controlling devices on a network.
Solaris
A UNIX operating system developed by Sun Microsystems that runs on Sun computers and Intel-based PCs.
Spoofing
A method normally associated with AppleTalk in which the print server simulates a bidirectional
communications link by sending back control information to the printer rather than relying on the printer to send
back this information.
Spool Directory
On UNIX systems, a directory that contains the names of files being spooled to a printer.
Spooling
In printing applications, spooling is the transfer of data to a temporary storage area on disk (the print queue) prior
to printing. Spooling allows many jobs to be queued to a single printer. Since printers are relatively slow
devices compared to disk drives, spooling allows a user to submit a job to the printer and then perform other tasks
while the job is being printed.
SPX
Sequenced Packet Exchange is one of the NetWare core protocols and is used in conjunction with IPX for
printing and other applications.
StreetTalk Name
The Banyan VINES naming convention used to identify all items on the network.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Subnetwork
One of several small networks that are joined together into a single large network.
Subnet Mask
A TCP/IP method of dividing a network into several smaller subnetworks.
Symbiont
Software that handles job queuing and printing on an operating system.
SYSCON
A NetWare utility for managing file servers from a client workstation.
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is the de facto standard for Internet communications that is
widely used on local area networks. Technically, this means the TCP and IP protocols, but the term has come to
encompass all of the related protocols, such as TELNET, FTP, lpd, etc.
TCP Port
A method of accessing a TCP/IP service, where a device with a single IP address can have multiple TCP ports.
For example, TELNET is port 23, lpd is port 515, etc.; to access a service, you would specify the IP address of
the device plus the TCP port number of the service.
TCPware
A popular VMS TCP/IP software package sold by Process Software.
TELNET
A TCP/IP protocol that allows two devices to communicate over a LAN. One of the devices appears as if it were
a dumb serial terminal that is hardwired to the other device. TELNET is used by TROY print servers to allow
devices like PCs to access the print server remote console.
TELNET interpretation
In the TELNET protocol, certain characters are intercepted and handled in a special manner, rather than being
sent directly to the device.
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Appendix D
Glossary
Text file
A file that contains ASCII formatted information, with each line of text usually separated by a line feed and/or
carriage return.
tftp
Trivial File Transfer Protocol is a simple method of transferring information between two TCP/IP devices.
TGV Multinet
A TCP/IP software package that runs on VMS.
Thin Ethernet
See 10base2.
Transport layer
Layer 4 of the OSI Reference Model; provides end-to-end data integrity. TCP is an example of this layer.
Transceiver
In Ethernet networks, a small box that plugs into the AUI port of a device to allow that device to connect to the
Ethernet cable. Many Ethernet devices have one or more built-in transceivers, which eliminate need for the AUI
port.
UCX
The old name for DEC's TCP/IP services for VMS.
ULTRIX
The original DEC UNIX. ULTRIX supports both TCP/IP and LAT printing.
UNIX
A general-purpose computer operating system used on many different kinds of computers.
VAP
Value Added Process is a program that runs on a NetWare 2.xx file server and performs a specific function such
as communications.
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Appendix D
Glossary
VAX
Digital Equipment Corporation's family of 32-bit computers that runs either VMS or some variation of UNIX
(ULTRIX, OSF/1, or Digital UNIX).
VINES
A network operating system developed by Banyan Systems Incorporated.
VINES IP
The protocol used with Banyan VINES.
VMS
An operating system used on Digital Equipment Corporation computers.
WAN
Wide Area Network is a network that interconnects computers and other devices over large distances, most often
via telephone company facilities but also via private networks, public data networks, and satellites.
Warp
IBM's latest version of the OS/2 operating system.
Web JetAdmin
A Hewlett-Packard software program for Windows NT that allows HP, TROY, and other print servers to be
configured and managed over the network using a web browser.
WebXAdmin
A feature of TROY print servers that allows configuration and management via a web browser.
Windows 95 and Windows 98
Microsoft's PC operating systems that feature built-in peer-to-peer networking.
Windows NT
Microsoft's multitasking operating system that can be used either as a client or as a server (Windows NT
Advanced Server).
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Appendix D
Glossary
Windows 2000
Microsoft's latest multitasking operating system that replaces Windows NT. Windows 2000 can be used either as
a client or as a server.
WINSOCK
A popular applications program interface for TCP/IP networking using Windows operating systems.
Wollongong PATHWAY
A TCP/IP software package for VMS.
Xadmin
TROY's Windows-based utility for managing and configuring print servers.
Admin32
The 32-bit version of TROY's Windows configuration utility.
XIO
Expanded I/O is the internal bus on HP LaserJet II and III printers that connects to network interface cards.
Zone
In AppleTalk, a zone is a subnetwork; that is, a given network can be subdivided into multiple zones.
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