Model 2110 Pull-Type Peanut Combine

Model 2110 Pull-Type Peanut Combine
Model 2110
Pull-Type Peanut
Combine
1st Edition, Beg. S/N 460000
February 2008
MAN106
©2008
Updated April 2011
Model 2110 Pull-Type Peanut Combines are manufactured
by Amadas Industries:
You can find us on the Web at:
www.amadas.com
or e-mail us at:
[email protected]
P.O. Box 1833
Suffolk, VA 23439
(mailing)
P.O. Box 3687
Albany, GA 31701
(mailing)
1100 Holland Road
Suffolk, VA 23434
(shipping)
1701 South Slappey Blvd.
Albany, GA 31706
(shipping)
(757) 539-0231 (Phone)
(757) 934-3264 (FAX)
(229) 439-2217 (Phone)
(229) 439-9343 (FAX)
2110 Peanut Combine
Introduction
Table of
Contents
Welcome .................................................. iii
Specifications .........................................v
Dimensions............................................vi
1. Safety ................................................... 1
Overview................................................ 2
Safety Symbols...................................... 3
Safety Guidelines .................................. 5
Safety Practices..................................... 6
Safety Decals ........................................ 7
2. Preparation......................................... 11
Overview.............................................. 12
Pre-Delivery Check.............................. 13
3. Operation............................................ 17
Combine Process ............................... 18
Hitching Combine to Tractor............... 21
Attaching and Checking Driveline ...... 23
Daily Pre-Start Check......................... 26
Operating Procedure .......................... 30
Proper Operation................................ 34
Optional Hydraulic Bin Lip/Dirt Trap ... 35
Road Towing Combine with Side
Shift Tongue ................................... 36
4. Controls and Adjustments................ 37
Overview ............................................ 38
Control Locations ............................... 39
Controls and Adjustments .................. 41
Retention Board Adjustment ........... 41
Adjustable Overhead Teeth and
Concave Teeth Controls............... 42
Cleaning Air Control........................ 43
Tailboard Adjustment ...................... 44
Elevator Air Control......................... 45
Pickup Header Speed Control
With Combine Hydraulics............ 46
Standard Pickup Header Speed
Control ........................................ 48
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Introduction
2110 Peanut Combine
4. Controls and Adjustments (Cont’d)
Remote Auger Reverse ................... 49
PTO Speed Adjustment ................... 50
Pickup Header Height Adjustment ... 52
Header Auger Adjustment ............... 53
Dual Speed Cylinder Drives ............ 54
Troubleshooting .................................. 70
Tachometer Programming .................. 73
Warranty.............................................. 75
5. Performance ....................................... 55
Fine Tuning Operation ........................ 56
Achieving Maximum Ground Speed.... 57
Increasing Separating Capacity .......... 58
Harvesting Under Wet Conditions ....... 59
6. Maintenance ....................................... 61
Belt Adjustment ................................... 62
Chain Adjustment ................................ 63
Lubrication........................................... 65
PTO ................................................. 66
Schedule.......................................... 67
Post Season Maintenance .................. 69
ii
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Introduction
With origins dating back to 1963,
AMADAS Industries and its predecessors
have a long history of providing high
quality, reliable, and innovative equipment
for the farming industry.
AMADAS
equipment is currently at work throughout
the United States and in many other
countries. This equipment ranges from
the Magnum Fource Peanut Combine,
Tree Bark Processing and Packaging
Machinery,
Hi-Speed
Cotton
Stalk
Puller/Chopper, Reel Rain Traveler
Irrigation Systems, to the 2110 Pull-Type
Peanut Combines.
Welcome
To
Amadas
Industries
Thank you for choosing AMADAS
Industries. We are strongly committed to
your satisfaction and safety. Our goal is
for you to be satisfied with our machinery
for many years and it is our hope that you
will choose AMADAS again for your
equipment needs.
We are confident you will experience
many good years of service with your
AMADAS combine. If any need should
arise, we pledge the best efforts of our
people and dealers to assist you.
One of the most important factors to both
safety and maximum performance is for
every machine operator to understand
thoroughly the safe operation of this
equipment. Please invest the time to read
this manual to ensure that injuries are
prevented and to receive the maximum
productivity from your AMADAS machine.
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iii
Introduction
2110 Peanut Combine
advanced pull-type peanut combine
available. The combination of innovative
technology, low yearly maintenance, and
the industry’s largest threshing and
separation capacity makes this machine
the world leader in pull-type combines.
2110 Pull-Type
Peanut
Combine
Benefits
The proven performance of the advanced
picking and separating technology of the
AMADAS 2110 provides the following
benefits:
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Increased harvesting capacity
Increased harvesting efficiency
Reduced harvesting costs
Improved performance in tough
harvest conditions
Reduced field loss, foreign material,
LSKs.
Congratulations on your purchase of an
AMADAS
2110
Pull-Type
Peanut
Combine! We, at AMADAS Industries, are
proud of our equipment and our more than
thirty years of service to peanut farmers.
AMADAS pull-type peanut combines are
the culmination of our years of
development, field testing, and continuous
improvement.
In response to our
customers’ needs and industry demands,
the AMADAS peanut combine has evolved
to the model 2110, the most technically
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Introduction
Specifications
Length overall:
Height (bin lip in):
25’ 6”
16’ 6” (outside wheel base)
14’ 4” (centerline wheel base)
13’ 10”
Height (bin lip out):
15’ 8”
Dump height:
11’ 8”
Height (bin raised):
24’
Weight (empty)
20,000 lbs
Header widths:
18’, 19’, 15’3”
Inside working width:
96 ¼”
Bin capacity:
7500 lbs (standard)
Tire size (std):
24.5 x 32 12 ply R1 high flotation cleated
Tire size (opt):
30.5 x 32 12 ply R1 high flotation cleated
Operation/warning light kit:
Standard
Remote auger reverse:
Standard
Vine spreader:
Optional
PTO input:
1000 PTO @ 850 RPM input (2-speed option)
1000 PTO @ 790 RPM input (standard)
Tongue:
Side shift/ hydraulic height adjustable with ball hitch
Hitch type:
2 5/16” ball, ball & pin type option
Picking:
Four 36” dia. spring-tooth picking cylinders
Dual speed cylinder drives
Adjustable retention board
Two sets adj. overhead teeth (standard)
Five sets adj. concave teeth (option)
Separation system:
Five retractable spring tooth walker cylinders
Two beater cylinders
15-roll disc separator
14” dia. 24-blade cross induction cleaning fan
Elevator system:
12” dia. collection auger to 9 ½” square duct
28” dia. 12-blade centrifugal fan
Width:
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v
Introduction
2110 Peanut Combine
Dimensions
6-Row
13’10”
25’ 6”
15’ 8” with bin lip
extended
19’ 6”
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Safety
1.
Safety
Overview ..................................................2
Safety Symbols ........................................3
Safety Guidelines .....................................5
Safety Practices .......................................6
Safety Decals ...........................................7
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1
Safety
2110 Peanut Combine
Overview
Safety is the responsibility of everyone.
Although safety features are incorporated
into the machine and dangerous areas
marked, ultimately, careful operation is the
best prevention against accidents. To
reduce the risk of accidents, please read
thoroughly
and
follow
the
safety
instructions and messages included in this
manual and on the machine.
Safety Symbols Used
The three safety symbols used on the
machine and in this manual are shown
below. The following section explains
each of these symbols in detail.
DANGER
Please follow safe lifting procedures when
installing or removing any component.
Use a second person as a helper when
indicated by the weight of an item.
CAUTION!
WARNING
It is important that all users read and
understand the safety information in this
chapter before using the combine.
Anyone who uses or works around the
combine must be familiar with this
information.
Hydraulics Warning:
Whether working
with tractor hydraulics or the optional
combine
hydraulics,
remember
the
following:
WARNING
Escaping hydraulic fluid under pressure
can penetrate the skin, causing serious
injury.
CAUTION
Please familiarize yourself with each
symbol and its meaning. It is crucial to
your safety and the safety of others
that you follow the safety precautions
indicated by these symbols.
Protective Devices
Protective guards and shields have been
installed to protect the user from hazards.
Never remove, tamper with, or modify
guards or shields. To do so could
result in serious personal injury or
death.
If it is necessary to remove a shield to
perform maintenance, it is essential
that the shield be replaced before
anyone operates the combine.
2
Careful Lifting
2/13/08
Avoid the hazard by relieving pressure
before disconnecting hydraulic or other
lines.
Tighten all connections before
applying pressure.
Search for leaks with a piece of cardboard.
Protect hands and body from highpressure fluids.
If an accident occurs, see a doctor
immediately. Any fluid injected into the
skin must be surgically removed within a
few hours or gangrene may result.
Doctors unfamiliar with this type of injury
should reference a knowledgeable medical
source. Such information is available from
Deere & Company Medical Department in
Moline, Illinois, U.S.A.(309-765-8000).
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Safety
Safety Symbols
Danger
This symbol indicates an imminently
hazardous situation, which if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury. The use of
the word DANGER is limited to the most
extreme situations. Extreme care should be
taken when you are near these areas.
DANGER decals are located at, or as near
as possible to, these areas.
DANGER
Warning
This symbol identifies areas or practices,
which if not avoided, could result in serious
personal injury. These injuries could range
from minor cuts to dismemberment. Warning
decals are located at, or as near as possible
to, these areas.
WARNING
Caution
This symbol identifies a potentially hazardous
situation, which if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury. It can also be used
to alert against unsafe practices that could
cause damage to the machine. Caution
decals are located at, or as near as possible,
to these areas.
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CAUTION
3
Safety
2110 Peanut Combine
Safety Alert Symbol
This symbol alerts you to possible hazards.
Always follow the recommended precautions
and
safe
operating
procedures
accompanying this symbol. If you have any
questions, please contact your dealer or the
manufacturer.
Safety Instructions
Safety features have been designed into the
machine with hazardous areas marked.
Please read and follow the instructions in this
manual prior to operating, maintaining, or
servicing this machine.
Notes
Throughout the manual, information that
needs to be emphasized is set apart with Example:
either a “NOTE!” or “IMPORTANT!” heading.
Please be sure to read this information
NOTE! It is important to re-torque lug
carefully, as it generally indicates a situation
nuts after the initial combine run time.
that could cause machine damage.
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2/13/08
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Safety
Learn Your Machine
Safety Guidelines
Learn how to operate your machine
properly and how to use the controls
correctly.
Do NOT allow anyone to
operate the machine without instruction.
Anyone who uses this machine should be
aware of the safety information contained
in this manual.
Machine Function
Many accidents can be prevented
by the user knowing about
safety.
Prevent hazards by
reading the safety warnings in
this manual and on your
machine.
Alert others to
potential hazards.
It is essential that you maintain your
machine in proper working condition.
NEVER
perform
unauthorized
modifications to the machine, as these
could impair function and/or safety or
machine life.
Remember all machinery can be
dangerous if used incorrectly.
Please operate carefully. Safety
is only a word until it is put into
practice.
This section provides you with a list of
practices you need to follow to ensure
your safety and the safety of others. It is
essential that you read this section and
follow the warnings.
Safety Signs
Carefully read all safety messages in this
manual and safety signs on your machine.
Keep safety signs in good condition;
replace missing or damaged safety signs
promptly.
Be sure new equipment
components and repair parts include the
current safety signs.
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5
Safety
2110 Peanut Combine
Safety Practices
Observe the following safety practices
when operating or servicing your machine.
ƒ
NEVER allow anyone to ride on the
machine.
ƒ
ALWAYS be sure that the combine is
on solid, level ground before you dump
the bin.
DANGER
Towing the Combine
The combine height with the bin lowered
ranges from 13’9” to 14’2”. With the bin
raised, the height ranges from 23’6” to
27’0”. Contact with an obstruction or
overhead electrical line could cause
electrocution, death, or serious personal
injury.
Operating the Combine
ƒ
ALWAYS make sure that everyone is
clear of the machine before starting the
tractor or operating the combine.
ƒ
ALWAYS keep hands, feet, hair, and
clothing away from all moving parts.
ƒ
ALWAYS stay clear of the header
pickup and header auger at all times.
ƒ
ALWAYS be alert for overhead
electrical lines and other obstructions
when you tow the combine or dump
the bin.
ƒ
NEVER make sharp turns on hillsides.
6
2/13/08
ƒ
NEVER exceed the maximum towing
speed of 10 MPH loaded and 20 MPH
empty.
ƒ
NEVER tow the combine without
attaching safety chains from the towing
vehicle to the combine. These chains
should have a minimum combined
breaking strength of at least 40,000
pounds.
If the combine were to
separate from the towing vehicle,
serious personal injury or death could
result.
Servicing the Combine
ƒ
ALWAYS install the safety strut before
working under the raised bin. Failure
to do so can result in serious injury or
death.
ƒ
ALWAYS stop the tractor engine and
disengage the drive before adjusting,
cleaning, lubricating, or unclogging the
machine.
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Safety
Safety Decals
Safety decals identify specific hazards as
well as promote general safety. Please
note the following about the decals:
ƒ
ALWAYS
legible.
ƒ
NEVER remove a safety decal from
the machine.
ƒ
If you replace a part with a decal,
ALWAYS replace that decal.
ƒ
keep
decals
clean
and
4 Decal #8548
For replacement decals, call your
AMADAS parts representative.
The decals included on the combine,
along with their locations, are shown
below and on the following pages.
5 Decal #8544
1
Decal #8182
6 Decal #8191
2
Decal #8545
7 Decal #8381
3 Decal #8183
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7
Safety
8
2110 Peanut Combine
Decal #8382
790 PTO
RPM
9
13 Decal #80577
Decal #80563
14 Decal #80564
10 Decal #80122
15
11 Decal #8547
INSPECTION
DOOR
16 Decal #80717
12 Decal #8385
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Safety
Locations
#3
#3
Behind Shield
#11
Behind Shield
#1
#11
#11
Behind Shield
#18
Behind Tire
#13
Behind Tire
#3
Behind
shield
#1
&
#11
#6
#4
#8
#1
#3
Behind
shield
MAN106
#13
#16
#2
Behind Behind
shield
tire
2/13/08
#11
9
Safety
2110 Peanut Combine
#8
10
#9
or
#10
#5
2/13/08
#7
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Preparation
2.
Preparation
Overview ................................................12
Pre-Delivery Checks...............................13
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6/6/08
11
Preparation
2110 Peanut Combine
Overview
Before operating the machine for the first
time, go over the section titled “PreDelivery Checks” with your dealer to verify
the combine is ready for operation. Every
combine is test run at the AMADAS plant,
but a thorough pre-delivery inspection is
important, as items may have loosened
during shipping.
Chapter 3, Operation, contains a “Daily
Checklist.” It is important that you perform
these checks each day you intend to use
your combine. These checks are intended
to help you detect problems early, reduce
downtime, and extend the life of your
combine.
12
6/6/08
Safety Strut
Read Chapter 1, Safety, before performing
any checks on your machine. In addition,
be aware of the safety strut that locks the
bin in the open position. Always use the
safety strut as intended before checking or
working around the open bin. The safety
decal located below the strut provides
instructions for using the strut.
Safety Strut
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Preparation
Pre-Delivery Checks
1. Open all shields and check chains and
belts for proper tension.
2. Check bushing bolts, set screws, and jam
nuts on all sprockets, sheaves, shafts,
etc., for tightness.
Tongue gearbox
3. Torque all nuts to proper specifications
(400 ft/lb for flange type lug nuts, 475 ft/lb
for Budd type lug nuts).
4. Check oil level in tongue gearbox by
removing the level plug in the side of the
gearbox (top photo). Add AGMA Grade 5
synthetic non-foaming oil if necessary.
5. If equipped with combine hydraulics,
check the hydraulic oil level in tank
(approximately 32 gallon capacity). Level
should be above midway in sight gauge
when cold.
Safety Strut
6. Check and lubricate all lubrication points.
7. Hitch the combine to a tractor.
8. Check hydraulic lines for leaks. (First
read “Hydraulics Warning” on page 2 in
Chapter 1, Safety.)
9. Lock bin in raised position with safety
strut (photo), and check for loose bolts or
obstructions in the picking chamber.
DANGER
Install the safety strut over the hydraulic
cylinder before working around or under
the raised bin.
Death or serious
personal injury could result if the bin
were to fall.
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13
Preparation
2110 Peanut Combine
Pre-Delivery Checks
10. After checking around the picking
chamber, remove the safety strut. Lower
the bin slowly and carefully check
alignment with the duct work. (top photo).
If realignment is necessary, shorten or
lengthen the two turnbuckles that support
the duct as needed (middle photo).
11. Check the peanut elevator air duct for
proper alignment at the bottom of the bin.
Improper alignment can cause serious
damage to the air duct system.
Check
alignment
as bin is
slowly
lowered
CAUTION
Misalignment between bin and elevator
air duct will cause machine damage.
12. Slowly raise and lower the bin and
header several times to work air out of
the lines.
CAUTION
Check
alignment
Turnbuckles
Check overhead clearance to ensure
that no power lines, overhead limbs, or
any other obstructions exist. Combine
exceeds 13’ 10” with basket lowered.
When fully raised, the AMADAS 2110
stretches over 24 feet tall. Contact with
an obstruction, or high voltage power
line could result in death, or serious
personal injury.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Preparation
Pre-Delivery Checks
13. Position the combine speed monitor in
tractor (middle photo).
14. Open cleaning fan adjustment to
maximum.
Check to see that the
damper door opening on cleaning fan
intake is at least 10 3/8” inches (middle
photo).
15. Replace all shields.
CAUTION
Replace all shields before starting
combine operation. Driveline shields
and guards must be in place anytime the
combine will be in operation.
If shields and guards are not in place,
death or serious injury may result from
entanglement.
16. Install the PTO driveline and grease.
Be sure to set the tractor hitch ball at
the specified length from the PTO
output shaft (sketch).
The PTO
driveline should never bottom out or
overextend while turning.
10 3/8”
17. Start the tractor, then engage the PTO
and increase slowly to operating speed
(100% or 790 PTO RPM). Operate for
twenty minutes prior to your first field
operation.
NOTE! 790 PTO RPM is standard for
most machines. Some combines are
equipped with optional drives that
require different input speeds. Refer to
the PTO RPM on your machine.
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15
Preparation
2110 Peanut Combine
Pre-Delivery Checks
18. Stop the combine and check for loose
bolts, nuts, chains, belts, sprockets, etc.
Check for heat in pulleys and belts,
indicating looseness.
Also check for
overheated gearbox and hot bearings.
19. Check machine to ensure that all safety
decals are in place.
20. Check tire pressure and inflate tires to
recommended pressure:
Cold inflation pressure:
30 PSI – 24.5 x 32 12 ply (6 row)
30 PSI – 30.5 x 32 12 ply (6 row)
21. Check the lug nut torque to the following
recommendations:
400 ft/lb for flanged nuts
475 ft/lb for Budd nuts
22. Operate combine in the field for twenty
more minutes at approximately 100%
combine speed (790 PTO RPM) and then
recheck the items in Steps 16 and 19.
NOTE! It is important to re-torque lug
nuts after the initial combine run time.
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6/6/08
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
3.
Operation
Combine Process ...................................18
Hitching Combine to Tractor...................21
Attaching and Checking Driveline ..........23
Daily Pre-Start Check.............................26
Operating Procedure ..............................30
Proper Operation....................................34
Optional Hydraulic Bin Lip/Dirt Trap .......35
Road Towing Combine with Side Shift
Tongue ...................................................36
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17
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Combine Process
The AMADAS 2110 Pull-Type Peanut
Combine functions as follows:
•
The combine removes peanut pods
from peanut vines which have been
dug and windrowed.
•
Once separated and cleaned, the
peanuts are conveyed into the Peanut
Dump Bin and vine material is passed
out of the machine.
•
The combine is pulled and powered by
a farm tractor capable of speeds as
low as 1 MPH while maintaining
engine RPMs that will produce a
combine speed readout of 100%.
•
Optimum harvest conditions exist
when windrows are harvested with
peanut moisture content between 14%
and 20%.
•
Very dry or very wet conditions as well
as excessive dirt or weeds in the
windrow could reduce separation
efficiency and cause an increase in
loose shelled kernels (LSKs).
The steps of the picking, separating and
cleaning processes are outlined on the
next page.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
14
10
6
3
5
9
12
8
13
11
1
4
7
2
1. The header pickup (1) lifts the peanuts
and vines off of the ground. The
header auger (2) feeds them into the
spring tooth cylinders (3).
2. The spring tooth cylinders strip the
peanuts from the vines.
Large
amounts of dirt and foreign material
are removed by the tremendous
cleaning area of the cylinder dirt
removal screens (4) under each
cylinder.
The first and fourth spring tooth
cylinders have sets of adjustable
overhead teeth (5) which increase
picking
aggressiveness
when
engaged.
An adjustable retention
board (6) controls the time that the
vines remain in the fourth cylinder.
Optional adjustable concave teeth (7)
are available for the first, second, and
third cylinders for increased harvesting
aggressiveness.
3. Peanuts and vine material fall through
the extraction holes (8) in the fourth
MAN106
2/13/08
cylinder concave onto the disc
separator (9), or travel back into the
walker cylinders (10).
The walker cylinders separate the
good peanuts from the coarse vine
material and carry the vine material out
of the machine. Peanuts sift out of the
cam actuated walker cylinders and are
swept down to the disc separator for
fine separation.
4. At the disc separator, the good
peanuts are separated from vine
material and other light trash.
The cleaning fan (11) agitates the
material on the disc separator to aid in
separation and blows light material
such as leaves, pops (unacceptable
immature or diseased peanuts), and
other light trash over the tail board and
out of the back of the combine. The
higher density good peanuts fall
through to the stemmer section (12),
while vine material and sticks advance
across the disc separator and out the
back of the combine.
19
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
5. As the good peanuts fall into the
stemmer saws, their stems are
removed. Cleaned peanuts fall into
the collection auger (13) or air funnel
and are conveyed into the elevator air
system, which sends them up to the
peanut dump bin (14).
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
Hitching Combine to Tractor
1. Set the tractor drawbar in the center fixed
position with the hitch point centered
behind the end of the PTO shaft.
ƒ
ƒ
20” for 1 3/8” 21 spline CV shafts
20” for 1 ¾” 20 spline CV shafts
An optional drawbar extension (AMADAS
part #61359) will be necessary to reach
the proper hitch point dimension on most
tractors with 1 3/8” 21 spline PTO output
shafts.
2. Position the three-point hitch lower lift
links in the raised position.
IMPORTANT! If the tractor is equipped
with a lift locking feature to prevent it
from inadvertently lowering, engage the
lock. If the tractor is equipped with a
quick hitch, we highly recommend that
you remove it. Failure to do so can
cause damage to the PTO shaft and
driveline.
Stow jack here
Header lift cylinder
3. Install a 2 5/16” hitch ball on the tractor
stationary drawbar. A 1¼ ” hole size and
2 5/16” high strength hitch ball are
required. Tighten the nut securely.
A hitch ball for a 1 1/8” and ½ size hole is
also available as well as a number of
bushings to ensure proper fit.
4. Position tractor so the hitch ball will slip
into the tongue-mounted ball socket
when lowered. Lubricate the ball socket
with grease. If combine is equipped with
optional pin hitch, lower/raise jack until
the pin hitch will be between the draw bar
and the upper pin plate.
Once in
position, install the pin and pin keeper.
An optional bushing is available to match
the pin diameter of various tractors.
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21
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Hitching Combine to Tractor
5. Using the jack, slowly lower the tongue
until the ball release handle snaps into
place.
6. Remove the jack and place on holding
bracket (photo).
7. Attach 3/8” or ½” x 84” or longer hydraulic
hoses from the header lift cylinder to one
of the tractor remote hydraulic valves.
Stow jack here
Header lift cylinder
DANGER
Always use the safety chains when
towing the combine. If the combine
separates from the towing vehicle, death
or serious injury can result.
8. Install 3/8” or ½” x 84” or longer peanut
dump bin operating hydraulic hoses to
the combine. Attach the hoses to a
second remote hydraulic valve.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
Attaching and Checking
Driveline
IMPORTANT! Your AMADAS 2110 has
been equipped with a constant velocity
PTO driveline. Because of the double
Cardan Joint incorporated into this shaft,
you can expect a constant output shaft
speed with minimal vibration. The shaft
speed will remain constant with
minimum vibration even in a tight turning
radius. Please read the section on
lubrication thoroughly as the PTO drive
shaft has special requirements.
DANGER
All drive shields and guards must be in
place when the combine is in operation.
Death or serious personal injury will
result from entanglement.
CAUTION
Failure to check driveline length and
clearance can cause damage to
combine and tractor.
1. Ensure that the tractor draw bar is set
such that the center of the hitch ball is
approximately 3 ½” below the centerline
of the tractor PTO output shaft. Extend
the tractor draw bar such that the center
of the hitch ball is approximately 20” from
the end of the tractor PTO output shaft
(sketch).
2. Shift the tongue to the operating position
(left side). Attach the driveline to the
combine and tractor PTO. 1 3/8” 21
spline and 1 ¾” 20 spline ends are
available.
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23
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Attaching and Checking Driveline
NOTE! A tractor draw bar extension
(AMADAS part #61359) may be required
to attain a distance of 20” between the
tractor PTO output and the hitch ball on
tractors with 1 3/8” 21 spline PTO.
3. Be certain that the driveline length does
not exceed 72 inches when fully
extended (sketch).
NOTE! If the driveline length is more
than 72 inches, check the drawbar
setting and move the drawbar out.
4. Start the tractor engine and raise the
pickup header to its highest position.
5. After proper safety measures are taken
(see Chapter 1, Safety), slowly turn the
tractor. Observe when the telescoping
driveline is close to its closed position or
when the tractor tire is close to the
combine tongue. This is the minimum
turning radius in that direction.
NOTE! In most cases, the tractor will
turn until the tire is very close to the
combine tongue, without the telescoping
shaft bottoming out.
If this is not
possible with your tractor, do NOT
exceed the observed limits or severe
damage to the combine and tractor will
occur, whether the PTO is engaged or
disengaged.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
Attaching and Checking Driveline
CAUTION
Never exceed the observed limits of
turning or severe damage to the
combine and/or tractor will occur,
whether the PTO is engaged or
disengaged.
6. Repeat in the opposite direction.
CAUTION
Do NOT allow the tractor tire to touch
the tongue, or the universal driveline to
reach its closed (bottomed out) position
during operation. Do NOT allow the
constant velocity joint to exceed 80
degrees.
Severe damage to the
driveline, tractor, or combine will occur.
MAN106
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25
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Daily Pre-Start Check
Perform these daily pre-start checks each
day before taking the machine to the field.
The pre-start check will help detect problems
early, reduce down time, and extend the life
of your combine.
1. Service the
combine.
tractor
and
attach
the
2. Grease the PTO driveline as shown in
the sketch (also see Lubrication Chart in
Chapter 6, Maintenance).
3. Check all hydraulic lines for proper
connection.
4. With adequate overhead clearance, lift
the bin to a fully raised position.
DANGER
Check overhead clearance to ensure
that no power lines, overhead limbs, or
any other obstructions exist.
The
combine exceeds 13’9” with the basket
lowered.
When fully raised, the
AMADAS 2110 stretches over 24 feet
tall. Contact with an obstruction or high
voltage power line could result in death
or serious personal injury.
5. Put the tractor in park and shut off the
engine.
6. Lock the bin in the fully raised position
with the safety strut (middle photo).
CAUTION
Always install the safety strut over the
hydraulic cylinder before working under
the basket. Death or serious personal
injury can result if the bin falls.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
Daily Pre-Start Checks
7. Inspect the combine for broken parts and
wear.
8. Inspect the cylinders and adjustable bars
for damaged or broken spring teeth. Also
inspect for metal, wood, or other foreign
material lodged within the picking
chamber.
9. Remove vines wrapped around the
spring tooth cylinder and beater cylinder
shafts.
Walker cylinder
inspection cover
Lower
separator
inspection
cover
Collection auger
10. Remove any foreign material found;
replace any missing or damaged spring
teeth.
NOTE!
Continued operation with
missing or damaged spring teeth may
reduce picking efficiency and reduce
service life of adjacent spring teeth.
11. Remove walker cylinder inspection cover
(top photo) and inspect for damage or
foreign material. Pay particular attention
for excessive wear or damage to the
walker cylinder bar bushings, cam
mechanisms, and cam follower bearings.
12. Remove the lower separator inspection
covers below the disc separator and
check the stemmer and collection auger
for obstructions. Also check for trash
build-up under the first disc separator
shaft.
13. Check to make sure the area between
the collection auger housing and
stemmer support hinge is clear of dirt and
debris. Also, check to make sure no
buildup has accumulated under the first
disc separator shaft or behind the side
panels and disc separator bearings.
14. Check all belts and chain drives for
proper alignment, tension, and wear.
15. Check the hydraulic system for leaks and
adequate fluid.
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27
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Daily Pre-Start Checks
16. Check the cleaning fan for obstruction in
intake or damaged blades.
17. Replace all covers and shields, and
remove the bin safety strut. Lower the
bin.
CAUTION
Failure to remove the safety strut before
lowering the bin can severely damage
the bin.
18. Check tire pressures and lug nut torques
according to specifications in the
CAUTION decal at right.
CAUTION
Make sure the lug nut torque and cold
inflation tire pressure are at the required
specifications. Improperly tightened lug
nuts or incorrectly inflated tires can
result in serious personal injury.
19. Continue with the operating procedure
when:
•
•
•
The combine is attached to a tractor.
All of the daily pre-start checks have
been performed.
Operating procedures are clearly
understood by all operators.
20. Start the tractor and leave it in PARK.
21. With the engine at idle, engage the PTO.
Listen for any noise which could indicate
a problem, such as a damaged or
defective bearing.
22. Increase the tractor engine to the
combine operating speed and inspect
again for damaged bearings, etc.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
Daily Pre-Start Checks
DANGER
•
Replace all shields before starting
combine operation. If shields are
missing, death or serious personal
injury can result.
•
Always use safety chains when
towing the combine. If the combine
separates from the towing vehicle,
death or serious injury can result.
•
Beware of overhead obstructions.
Combine height ranges from 13’9” to
15’8” when the bin is down.
MAN106
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29
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Operating Procedure
Make sure you have performed all of the
daily pre-start checks before you operate the
combine.
Maximum
position
1. Set the retention board adjustment
handle at the halfway position (top
photo). Tighten the handle securely.
2. Set the adjustable overhead teeth and
concave teeth controls in the disengaged
position (middle photo). Tighten the Thandles securely. Note that the handle is
shown in the “engaged” position in the
photo. Push the handle all the way up to
disengage the teeth.
Halfway point
Disengaged
CAUTION
Never make adjustments to harvesting
controls while the combine is running.
3. Set the cleaning air control handle threefourths open and tighten the T-handle
securely (bottom photo).
¾ position
Open
position
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
Operating Procedure
4. Set the elevator air control handle in twothirds open position (top photo).
5. Make sure that the bin lip extension is in
the operating position (middle photo).
Leaving the lip folded obstructs the
discharge of air from the bin.
6. Set the header height so that the pickup
springs fingers will be one to two inches
above the soil (with the combine wheels
in the row centers as it moves over the
windrow).
7. Engage the PTO and set combine speed
at 100% (790 RPM tractor PTO output)
(see “PTO Speed Adjustment” in Chapter
4, Controls and Adjustments for more
information).
Maximum
position
Elevator air
2/3 open
NOTE! 790 PTO RPM is standard for
most machines. Some combines are
equipped with optional drives that
require different input speeds. Refer to
the PTO RPM on your machine.
8. Under normal conditions, operate the
tractor at 1 to 2 ½ miles per hour. Travel
down the windrow about 50 yards.
9. Stop and check for proper operation.
See “Proper Operation” on page 34.
DANGER
ALWAYS stop the combine, set the
parking brake, and shut the tractor
motor off before you leave the tractor for
any reason.
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31
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Operating Procedure
CAUTION
It is important to perform the checks for
proper operation. To skip this step puts
the combine at risk for machine damage
and you at risk for personal injury.
10. After making any necessary adjustments,
run the combine down the windrow the
same distance and check performance
again.
11. Set the controls as desired and continue
to the end of the row.
12. Harvest the first few bins of peanuts at
moderate speed to become accustomed
to the machine.
13. Before dumping the bin, always check for
overhead obstructions or power lines. In
very dirty conditions, dumping the bin
slowly will help produce a cleaner sample
by allowing the strainer at the bin lip to
remove more dirt and small foreign
material.
NOTE! When combine speed monitor
reads 100%, tractor PTO should run at
approximately 790 RPM PTO when the
combine is equipped with standard
drives. If the combine speed cannot be
maintained +/- 1% by the tractor engine,
installation of the optional RPM PTO kit
should be considered.
790 PTO RPM is standard for most
machines.
Some combines are
equipped with optional drives that
require different input speeds. Refer to
the PTO RPM on your machine.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
Operating Procedure
WARNING
Be certain the lip extension is folded out
before dumping the bin. The combine
can tip if the bin is dumped with the bin
lip extension in the stored position.
DANGER
Check overhead clearance to ensure
that no power lines, overhead limbs, or
other obstructions exist.
Combine
exceeds 13’10” with the bin lowered.
When fully raised, the AMADAS 2100
stretches over 24 feet tall. Contact with
an obstruction or high voltage power line
could result in death or serious personal
injury.
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33
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Proper Operation
NOTE! Make only ONE operational
adjustment
at
a
time
between
performance checks. This will allow you
to determine which adjustment is
working, rather than guessing at which
adjustment made the change.
Once your combine has been put into
operation, it is important that you make the
following checks for proper operation:
DANGER
ALWAYS stop combine, set the parking
brake, and shut the tractor motor off
before leaving tractor for any reason.
If…
Then…
All peanuts are removed from the vines and
no more shelling occurs than might be
expected in a new machine
Leave the combine controls where they are
set.
More than an occasional good peanut is left
on the vines
Increase tractor RPM or begin to close the
retention board adjustment handle in ½“
increments, up to ¾ of the engaged position.
An excessive number of peanuts are not
removed from the vine and the retention
board is properly set
Begin to move the adjustable overhead teeth
toward the engaged position in 1”
increments, starting with the forward
overhead teeth control.
“Tails” are being left on the peanuts
Engage the concave teeth (if equipped) in 1”
increments beginning with the front set.
There are NO leaves or other light foreign
material present in the basket or peanuts
blowing over the tailboard
Make no changes to the cleaning air setting
at this time.
Only a few hulls and LSKs are in the bin
during the first few acres of operation
Make no changes to the elevator air setting
at this time (unless the peanut hulls are very
fragile or too little air is available to blow the
peanuts to the bin).
Picking aggressiveness and available
cleaning and pneumatic conveyor air needs
to be increased or decreased
Adjust the combine speed from 90% to 110%
as needed.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Operation
Optional Hydraulic Bin
Lip/Dirt Trap
•
If you dump the bin without having the
bin lip fully extended, peanuts will not
fall uniformly from the lip but will spill
out of the sides.
•
To retract the hydraulic bin lip/dirt trap
for transport, lower the bin fully and
continue to apply hydraulic pressure
until the bin lip is fully retracted.
If your combine is equipped with the
hydraulic bin lip/dirt trap option, please
remember the following:
•
Your tractor’s hydraulics are used to
operate the bin lip.
•
When lifting the bin, be sure to engage
the tractor’s hydraulics long enough for
the bin lip to reach its fully extended
position (see first photo).
Bin lip halfway
extended
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35
Operation
2110 Peanut Combine
Road Towing Combine with
Side Shift Tongue
2110 Combines for 8-30” Rows Only
Combines with side shift tongues are
designed to shift the tongue to the center of
the machine for safer and easier transport.
1. Raise the header off of the ground.
Side Shift Cylinder Specifications
Retracted Length:
Extended Length:
Stroke:
Inside diameter:
Outside diameter:
20 ¼”
30 ¼”
10”
3”
3 ½”
3000 PSI Rating
2. Engage the hydraulic tongue shift
cylinder to move the tongue to the center
position.
Cylinder ear hole sized for 1” diameter
hitch pin.
3. Install the 1” x 4 ¼” hitch pin and safety
clip.
DANGER
Always use safety chains when towing
the combine. If the combine separates
from the towing vehicle, death, or
serious injury can result.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Controls and Adjustments
4.
Controls and
Adjustments
Overview ................................................38
Control Locations ...................................39
Controls and Adjustments ......................41
Retention Board Adjustment...............41
Adjustable Overhead Teeth and
Concave Teeth Controls .....................42
Cleaning Air Control............................43
Tailboard Adjustment..........................44
Elevator Air Control.............................45
Pickup Header Speed Control with
Combine Hydraulics............................46
Standard Pickup Header Speed Control
............................................................48
Remote Auger Reverse ......................49
PTO Speed Adjustment ......................50
Pickup Header Height Adjustment......52
Header Auger Adjustment ..................53
Optional Dual Speed Cylinder Drives .54
MAN106
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37
Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
Overview
The AMADAS 2110 combine performs
efficiently over a wide range of peanut
varieties and windrow conditions with few
changes in operating controls. Once the
controls and adjustments are set for
average conditions, adjusting the ground
and PTO speed is usually adequate to
ensure efficient performance (when
harvesting peanuts of similar varieties
under similar conditions).
To improve your combine’s performance,
fine tune:
ƒ
The picking operation by adjusting the
retention board, overhead teeth,
combine input speed, or the concave
teeth.
ƒ
The cleaning operation by adjusting
the cleaning air and tail board.
IMPORTANT!
Make only one
adjustment at a time between
performance checks. This will allow
you to determine which adjustment is
actually improving the combine’s
performance.
CAUTION
NEVER make adjustments to the
harvesting controls while the combine
is running. Serious personal injury
could result.
Changing the PTO speed will also affect
picking and cleaning operations, and can
be used to further fine tune these
operations.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Controls and Adjustments
Control Locations
The following photographs show the
locations of some of the controls on the
2110 combine.
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39
Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
Forward
adjustable
overhead
teeth
Elevator air
control
Cleaning air
control
Optional
concave
teeth
Rear
adjustable
overhead
teeth
Adjustable
retention
board
Header
auger
adjustment
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Controls and Adjustments
Controls and Adjustments
Retention Board Adjustment
The retention board adjustment controls the
time that the vines stay in the fourth picking
cylinder.
Retention
board control
Start with the retention control handle in the
½ position for normal conditions. Make
adjustments as follows:
ƒ
If the vines are brittle, move the control
handle toward disengage for less
aggressive action. This will help avoid
tearing the vines apart excessively, which
makes separation more difficult.
ƒ
In “tough” conditions, or to remove very
small peanuts from bunch type vines
clustered around the tap root, move the
control handle toward engaged. Only
engage the handle enough to ensure that
good peanuts are not being left on the
vine behind the combine.
ƒ
If the control is engaged too far, shelling
may occur, and the vines will tear apart
excessively, possible overloading the
disc separator. The best performance is
with the control handle engaged no
further than necessary to remove the
good peanuts from the vines.
MAN106
2/13/08
Engaged
Disengaged
½ position
41
Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
Adjustable Overhead Teeth and
Concave Teeth Controls
Disengaged
The adjustable overhead teeth handle
controls the degree of aggressiveness of the
overhead spring tooth bar.
Always start with the control handles (all
three photos) in the retracted or disengaged
position. Make adjustments as follows:
ƒ
If the vines are green and/or tough,
progressively engage the overhead teeth
to allow more threshing of the vines.
ƒ
If you notice that an excessive number of
peanuts are not being separated from the
vines or a tough, wrapping condition
develops, adjust the handle toward the
engaged position in 1” increments
between checks.
ƒ
We recommend adjusting the forward
overhead teeth handle first, and then
adjust the rear handle. Engaging the
overhead teeth will help clean wrapping
vines from the corresponding spring tooth
cylinder, thus increasing that cylinder’s
effectiveness.
ƒ
The optional concave teeth (bottom
photo) may be engaged to increase
aggressiveness as needed.
Fully
Engaged
Disengaged
Fully
Engaged
Concave teeth
controls
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Controls and Adjustments
Cleaning Air Control
Set the cleaning air control as follows:
ƒ
For average conditions, set the cleaning
air control handle (top photo) at the ¾
open position for operation.
ƒ
It is often helpful to set the air higher than
is needed and then adjust it back until no
good peanuts are being blown out the
back of the machine.
Closed
¾ Open
Open
ƒ
Use the inspection doors (middle photo)
at the rear of the combine to aid in setting
the cleaning air.
ƒ
If the air is set too low, proper separation
will not occur and peanuts may ride over
the disc separator with the vines.
ƒ
Opening the cleaning air control handle
more will remove pods containing small
shriveled peanuts.
ƒ
The maximum opening of the cleaning air
fan door should be at least 10 3/8”
(bottom photo).
ƒ
Always operate with the cleaning air
control set no lower than necessary to
save all peanuts of value, while still
providing a clean sample. The maximum
open setting may be necessary in some
conditions.
CAUTION
NEVER make adjustments to cleaning
air control while the combine is running.
Serious personal injury could result.
10 3/8”
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43
Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
Tailboard Adjustment
The tail board affects the flow of material
from the stemmer bottom out the back of the
combine. Raising the tail board makes it
harder to blow material out of the stemmer
bottom, while lowering the tail board makes it
easier.
Under normal conditions, set the tail board in
the half-raised position (middle of the
adjustment slots). Usually, the tail board is
adjusted only if the cleaning air or other
adjustments do not produce the desired
response. If adjustments are needed, make
them as follows:
ƒ
Loosen the seven ¼” fasteners and
evenly raise or lower the tail board across
the width of the machine (see photo).
ƒ
Raise the tail board in wet or heavy vines
where more cleaning air is needed.
This allows the use of more cleaning air
by making it more difficult to blow good
peanuts out of the stemmer bottom.
Raising the tail board increases agitation
of the material load on the disc separator
to aid in separation.
ƒ
Note that raising the tail board in fields
where heavy foreign material exists
(stones, melons, wood, etc.) increases
the chances for it to get into the bin.
ƒ
Lower the tail board in very dry
conditions. If dry, brittle vines are getting
shredded up into small sticks that can
penetrate the disc separator openings,
lower the tail board to make it easier to
blow this light, small trash out of the
stemmer bottom.
44
2/13/08
Fasteners
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Controls and Adjustments
Elevator Air Control
The elevator air control is normally set so
that peanuts are conveyed about ¾ of the
way across the bin. Make adjustments as
follows:
ƒ
If peanuts are very light or fragile, lower
the air.
ƒ
If the peanuts are very dirty or high yield,
raise the air.
ƒ
Lower the setting if the LSKs or empty
hulls in the bin show excessive shelling
within the conveyor system.
ƒ
Be aware that too low a setting can
quickly stop up the elevator air system.
NOTE! On a new machine, or one that
has been sitting idle, some LSKs may be
seen in the bin due to roughness in the
air ducts. Once the air ducts smooth
out, the number of LSKs should
decrease.
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45
Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
Pickup Header Speed Control
with Combine Hydraulics
(Optional)
Combines are factory set for tractor
hydraulics. Hydraulics are adjusted from the
cab using the tractor’s hydraulics system.
For machines equipped with optional
combine-mounted hydraulics, speed can also
be adjusted remotely from the cab (refer to
photo).
The speed of the header spring fingers is
infinitely adjustable within its range. Make
changes as follows:
DANGER
NEVER adjust the header speed while
the combine is running. Adjust the
header speed manually when the
machine is NOT running. NEVER GET
BETWEEN THE TRACTOR AND THE
COMBINE WHEN THE COMBINE IS
RUNNING!
ƒ
Set the header speed so the header
picks up the windrow completely as the
combine travels down the field. If the
header is too slow, it will push the vines
along before picking them up, causing
peanuts to fall off the vines. If operated
too fast, the vines will fall apart before
entering the combine, and peanut loss
will occur. Dry vines typically require
higher pick up speeds than green vines.
NOTE! If windrows have excessive dirt,
increase the header speed slightly to
help shake out the dirt before it enters
the machine.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Pick-Up Header Speed
Combine Hydraulics
Controls and Adjustments
Control
with
ƒ
Regularly check around the breather cap
on the hydraulic tank for dirt buildup. If it
is not clean, the breather can clog, which
may result in damage to the system.
Replace the oil filter yearly.
ƒ
Check the fluid level in the hydraulic tank
daily (capacity is approximately 32
gallons). Level should be at or above the
center of this sight gage.
WARNING
Hot oil can cause severe burns. Do
NOT work on hydraulic system if oil
temperature exceeds 100°F.
Before working with hydraulics, read
hydraulics warning in Chapter 1, Safety.
MAN106
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47
Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
Standard Pickup Header Speed
Control
Pickup header speed is controlled by your
tractor’s hydraulic remote setting.
Set the header speed so the header picks up
the windrow completely as the combine
travels down the field. If the header is too
slow, it will push the vines along before
picking them up, possibly causing beans to
fall off of the vines. If operated too fast, the
windrow will pull apart before entering the
combine and loss could occur.
Dry vines typically require lower pickup
speeds than green vines.
NOTE! If the windrows have excessive
dirt, increase the header speed slightly
to help shake out the dirt before it enters
the machine.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Controls and Adjustments
Remote Auger Reverse
Remote reversing auger and header speed
control are standard features built into the
hydraulics package on the AMADAS 2110.
They function as follows:
IMPORTANT!
Read all hydraulics
safety information in Chapter 1, Safety,
before using hydraulics.
ƒ
The remote auger reverse system
consists of a hydraulic reversing valve
and a second hydraulic motor.
ƒ
The valve is installed between the
hydraulic pump system and hydraulic
motors that drive the auger and pickup.
ƒ
When the remote auger reverse is
engaged, the pickup stops and the
header auger reverses, allowing material
jamming the auger to be discharged over
the pickup and onto the ground.
ƒ
There is a hydraulic pressure gauge at
the valve block to indicate system
pressure. Normally, the system operates
in the 1100 PSI range while harvesting.
ƒ
As the header begins to stall (jam), the
pressure should reach 2700 PSI. If the
header is stalling and the pressure gauge
isn’t reaching 2700 PSI, there could be a
problem with the tractor’s hydraulic
system (or the system relief valve on the
optional combine hydraulics system).
WARNING
Never remove material from the
header/auger while the tractor engine
and combine are running. Shut off the
tractor before unclogging any part of the
combine.
An optional header/auger
hydraulic drive kit is available that is
powered solely by the combine.
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49
Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
PTO Speed Adjustment
Proper PTO speed is essential to efficient
operation. PTO speed functions as follows:
ƒ
A combine speed monitor, which
monitors combine speed from the tractor
cab, is included and should be mounted
in the tractor.
ƒ
The combine speed monitor measures
combine speed as a percentage of
machine design speed.
ƒ
The AMADAS 2110 is designed to
operate with 790 PTO RPM input, so the
tractor will not be required to run at its full
“PTO speed.” At machine design speed,
the tractor PTO output should be 790
RPM and the combine speed monitor
should read 100%.
NOTE! 790 PTO RPM is standard for
most machines. Some combines are
equipped with optional drives that
require different input speeds. Refer to
the PTO RPM on your machine.
ƒ
Consistent combine speed is important
for the best harvesting performance. If
the combine speed fluctuates, check the
combine drive belts and tractor PTO
system for the source of problem.
ƒ
A magnetic pickup assembly senses
combine speed. This pickup reads off of
one of the disc separator drive sprockets,
and should be adjusted to have a
clearance
of
approximately
1/16”
between sprocket tooth and pickup.
Ensure that the sprocket never actually
contacts the pickup, as the pickup may
be damaged and rendered inoperable.
ƒ
An electrical cable runs from the
magnetic pickup to a connector located
above the left side of the header. After
the combine is hooked up to the tractor,
plug the six-foot cable from the control
box into the connector.
50
2/13/08
Magnetic
pickup
Magnetic
pickup
1/16”
clearance
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Controls and Adjustments
PTO Speed Adjustment
ƒ The combine speed monitor is composed
of a digital speed indicator which resides
in a control box and attaches to the
tractor fender using a Velcro strip.
NOTE! When you route the cable to the
tractor, stay clear of the PTO shaft and
header. Do NOT connect the combine
speed monitor while the machine or
tractor is running.
ƒ
Monitor cable
The normal operational range of the
combine is 90% to 110% of the design
speed as shown on the digital speed
indicator.
The tractor PTO should
operate from 711 RPM (90%) to 869
RPM (110%) unless the combine is
optionally equipped for 850 RPM
operation.
IMPORTANT! Never exceed 110% of
the design speed – serious machine
damage may result!
The 711-869 PTO RPM range is
standard for most machines.
Some
combines are equipped with optional
drives that require different input speeds.
Refer to the PTO RPM on your machine.
ƒ
The combine design speed is 100% on
the combine speed monitor or 790 PTO
RPM.
ƒ
For very dry peanuts, reduce the
combine speed to below 100% to aid in
performance.
ƒ
For tough or wet conditions, raise the
combine speed over 100% to increase
aggressiveness and aid in performance.
ƒ
Maintenance of the combine speed
monitor is minimal. The only item that
may need replacing is the battery. The
battery is located in the back of the digital
speed indicator, and should be replaced
at the beginning of each season.
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Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
Pickup Header Height
Adjustment
The pickup header height is controlled with a
tractor-powered remote hydraulic cylinder.
Header lift cylinder
In storage position
Operate the header low enough to pick up all
the vines in the windrow, but high enough to
allow dirt clods, soil, and other debris to fall
out. This reduces the amount of foreign
material entering the combine.
To reduce excessive wear, avoid dragging
pickup spring teeth in the soil.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Controls and Adjustments
Header Auger Adjustment
The header auger is manually height
adjustable. It can be raised or lowered to
help feeding in varied crop conditions. The
header auger adjustment functions as
follows:
ƒ
If the header stalls often (but the
hydraulic system is operating properly),
the header auger may need to be raised
for additional crop clearance.
ƒ
When the machine is new, it may be
desirable to raise the auger until the
finish of the auger has become polished
for less resistance moving the crop.
ƒ
Under normal conditions, the header
auger is run at the halfway setting or
lower for more efficient conveyance of
crop and less rolling of vine material.
ƒ
The header auger adjustment is
accomplished using the adjustable
bearing mount plates on each end of the
header.
ƒ
The auger height is adjusted by
loosening the four outer bolts holding the
bearing mount plate and then turning the
top mounted adjuster screw to raise or
lower the auger.
ƒ
Header auger adjustment
Outer bolts
Adjust
Outer bolts
It is important to keep the header auger
level, so both ends should be adjusted to
the same relative position.
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Controls and Adjustments
2110 Peanut Combine
Optional Dual Speed Cylinder
Drives
NOTE! Combines equipped with two speed
drives have a designated PTO input speed of
The dual speed cylinder drives allow efficient
790 RPM unless equipped with an optional
operation in a wider range of conditions by
13” sheave. In this case, the design PTO
allowing the operator to vary greatly the
input speed is 850 RPM.
combine’s cylinder speeds as follows.
ƒ
By switching the main drive chain from
the larger high speed drive sprocket to
the smaller low speed sprocket, cylinder
speed can be significantly reduced for
gentler threshing action.
ƒ
Typically, the high speed cylinder drive
setting is used in normal to tough
conditions for more aggressive threshing
action.
ƒ
The low speed cylinder drive setting is
used in very dry or brittle conditions to
handle the crop more gently, threshing
with less damage and leaving the vine
material in larger pieces for better
separation. The low speed cylinder drive
setting results in around a 23% reduction
in cylinder speed. This is a substantial
speed reduction that can increase
possible torque loads, so the low speed
setting should never be used in green or
tough conditions.
ƒ
Shut the tractor off before changing the
dual speed cylinder drive settings, and
always remember to tighten thoroughly
all of the accompanying idlers.
CAUTION
Do NOT allow the combine to run in
green or tough conditions with the dual
speed cylinder drives in the low speed
setting. Severe damage to the combine,
driveline, or tractor will occur.
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Performance
5.
Performance
Fine Tuning Operation............................56
Achieving Maximum Ground Speed.......57
Increasing Separating Capacity .............58
Harvesting Under Wet Conditions ..........59
MAN106
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55
Performance
2110 Peanut Combine
Fine Tuning Operation
This chapter describes ways you can fine
tune your combine’s performance. Also
refer to Chapter 4, Controls and
Adjustments, for more information on fine
tuning your combine using the combine’s
standard controls.
CAUTION
Do NOT adjust, clean, or repair the
combine while it is in operation.
Always use extreme care around
moving parts.
Be sure to follow all safety guidelines
when working on the combine.
56
2/13/08
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Performance
Achieving Maximum Ground
Speed
Moisture, dirt clods, grass, weeds, peanut
maturity, yield, stem characteristics, vine type
and many other variables determine the most
efficient ground speed.
If maximum ground speed is desired:
1. Shift the tractor into the next higher gear.
2. Operate machine for 70 yards and check
for harvesting loss.
3. Continue to increase tractor ground
speed by shifting to the next higher gear
speed if the performance check shows
the machine performed satisfactorily at
the last speed tried.
CAUTION
The jet tunnel or auger may be subject
to clogging at higher ground speed. Be
sure the elevator air is sufficient to
elevate increased peanut volume.
4. When performance deteriorates, drop
back to the next lower gear selection that
offered satisfactory performance. This is
the maximum efficient ground speed for
existing conditions.
NOTE! Normally the cleaning air system
is unaffected by the other components of
the machine. If you experience peanut
loss, determine whether the loss is
resulting from the cleaning air systems
or the walker cylinder section before
adjusting the cleaning air controls.
MAN106
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57
Performance
2110 Peanut Combine
Increasing Separating
Capacity
The separating capacity can sometimes be
increased by more aggressively engaging the
retention teeth (top photo), overhead teeth
(middle photo), or concave teeth. If the
combine is operating with the dual speed
cylinder drives in the low range, capacity can
be increased by switching to high range.
Each of these adjustments increases
aggressiveness and may cause some
shelling. You must decide if higher capacity
is worth a possible increase in shelling.
The best separating efficiency can typically
be achieved when peanut kernel moisture is
14% to 20%.
58
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Performance
Harvesting Under Wet
Conditions
If equipped with dual cylinder drives, always
run on high in wet conditions.
More
aggressive combine settings are typically
needed in wet conditions.
If water droplets are present on or under
peanut vines when harvested, the surfaces of
all components in the combine can become
coated in a layer of material composed of soil
and vine fiber. If it is not possible to lift the
windrows or wait until they dry before
harvesting, proceed at a ground speed lower
than normal and check frequently for buildup
of residue on the stemmer saws, elevator air
ducts and other surfaces subject to buildup.
CAUTION
Do NOT perform the following items with
the combine or tractor running.
After harvesting peanuts where buildup
occurs, it is important to:
1. Clean the stemmer saw with a wire brush
and scrape out the stemmer bottom.
2. Remove the elevator duct work and clean
thoroughly to remove buildup.
3. Clean the walker cylinder concaves.
4. Remove inspection cover located under
the first few disc separator shafts.
5. Using a flashlight, visibly inspect the area
in front of and around the first disc
separator shaft (front shaft). If any debris
is present, thoroughly clean this area. A
long stick with a hook or compressed air
is helpful in this cleaning.
6. When finished, replace inspection cover.
Failure to keep this area clean will
adversely affect peanut separation.
MAN106
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Performance
2110 Peanut Combine
NOTES
60
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Maintenance
6.
Maintenance
Belt Adjustment ...................................... 62 Chain Adjustment ................................... 63 Lubrication .............................................. 65 PTO .................................................... 66 Schedule ............................................. 67 Post Season Maintenance ..................... 69 Troubleshooting ..................................... 70 Tachometer Programming...................... 73 MAN106
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61
Maintenance
2110 Peanut Combine
Belt Adjustment
V-belt drives power the fans, hydraulic power
unit (optional), separating section and
stemmer saws. They also transmit power
from the PTO input gearbox to the main
jackshaft. Properly maintaining the belts is
essential to ensure efficient machine
operation.
Check and adjust the belts as follows:
1. Be certain the tractor engine is shut off.
Raise shields to access belts
2. Open shields covering drive belts. Latch
shields open.
3. Check belts and sheaves for wear.
Replace if necessary.
4. The main drive belt should have
approximately 2 inches of play when
checked in the middle. Adjust the belt
tension as necessary.
Idler adjustment
5. Make sure that idlers are aligned and
fasteners are tight.
Replace shields
before operating the machine.
DANGER
Replace all shields before starting
combine operation. Death or serious
personal injury may result if shields are
not in place.
Idler
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Maintenance
Chain Adjustment
The chain drives must be properly
maintained for the combine to function
correctly.
Proper chain alignment and
tension are very important.
To check and adjust the chains:
1. Make sure the tractor engine is shut off.
2. Open or remove the shields which cover
the chains.
3. Check chains and sprockets for wear.
Replace if necessary.
Raise shields to access drive chains
CAUTION
NEVER replace a chain only without
checking for sprocket wear, too. New
chains must run on sprockets with no
visible wear to prevent premature wear
of chains and/or sprockets.
Open shield to access header drive chains
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Maintenance
2110 Peanut Combine
Chain Adjustment.
4. The chains should have approximately
one inch of play when checked in the
middle. Adjust using the chain idlers.
Note that chains linking the disc
separator shafts together should have
no more than ½” play (top photo).
½” play for chains
linking separator shafts
5. Lubricate chains if needed.
6. Make sure all idlers are tight and
aligned, and replace all shields before
operating the machine. Some idlers
are shown in the photos.
DANGER
Replace all shields before starting
operation of combine. Death or serious
personal injury may result.
Idlers for header drive
chains
Idlers
64
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MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Maintenance
Lubrication
There are some components on the
combine that require regular lubrication in
order to continue functioning correctly.
These items and their lubrication intervals
are shown on the lubrication table and
chart.
DANGER
Do NOT lubricate the combine while it is
operating. Doing so may result in death
or serious personal injury.
NOTE!
To avoid damaging bearing
seals, do NOT use a power grease gun
and do NOT exceed the specified
lubrication intervals.
Some sealed bearings contain no
grease fittings, as they are lubricated for
life and require no further lubrication.
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65
Maintenance
2110 Peanut Combine
PTO
Daily greasing of the PTO is essential for
proper operation. There are two grease
fittings located 180 degrees apart on the
telescoping shaft.
66
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IMPORTANT! Daily lubrication of the
CV driveline is essential to driveline
longevity – it will fail if not correctly
lubricated on a periodic basis.
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Maintenance
Schedule
LUBRICATION SCHEDULE
Frequency
Action /
Component
Type of
Lube
Lubricate Ball
Hitch Assembly
A
Lubricate PTO
Shaft
A
Lubricate U-Joint
(on gearbox output)
A
Lubricate Bin
Pivot Points
A
Lubricate
Bearings
A
Check Hyd. Tank
Fluid Level (optional)
B
Change Hyd. Tank
Fluid and Filter
(optional)
B
Check Gearbox
Oil Level
D
Oil Chains
C
Lubricate Wheel
Bearings
A
Before
Each
Use
4-8
Hours
50
Hours
100
Hours
Yearly
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
A = Multi-Purpose Grease (EP2 rated)
B = SAE 10 Wt. Hydraulic Fluid
MAN106
25
Hours
C = Chain Lube
D = AGMA Grade 5 Synthetic Oil
2/13/08
67
Maintenance
2110 Peanut Combine
Bin Pivot Points
Gearbox
U-joint
PTO Shaft
Wheel
bearings
68
Ball hitch
2/13/08
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Maintenance
Post Season Maintenance
To extend the life of your combine, take the
time to prepare it properly for the long nonuse period.
Follow these storage
suggestions at the end of each season.
Open shields
1. Clean the combine thoroughly to remove
all dirt and moisture-holding materials.
2. Flush out the slots below the disc
separator shafts with an air hose or
blower to remove all trash and dirt. If dirt
is packed tightly, it can be loosened with
prodding.
NOTE! Use protective eye gear. Do
NOT use high-pressure water or air
directly on the bearing seals, as
contaminant or moisture penetration
may occur, which can dramatically
shorten part life.
Open shields
3. If possible, repaint worn and scratched
parts, and coat the internal parts of the
combine with light oil or another rust
inhibitor.
4. Release tension on all belts.
5. Remove and clean all chains. Store in a
container of oil or oil/diesel mix, if
possible. If not, reinstall but do not
tension.
6. Grease all fittings and the driveline.
7. Store the combine under shelter.
8. Collapse all hydraulic cylinders to prevent
them from rusting or pitting.
NOTE! If the combine must be stored
outside, cover the optional hydraulic tank
and breather cap to prevent water from
entering the tank.
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69
Maintenance
2110 Peanut Combine
Troubleshooting
Problem
Good peanuts attached to
vines being discharged
from combine.
Loose peanuts being
discharged over back of
walker cylinders.
Good peanuts being
discharged over disc
separator.
Lightweight foreign material
in bin.
70
Cause
Correction
Retention board open too
much.
Close in 1” increments
between checks.
Main drive belt slips under
surge loads.
Tighten belt and slow down
ground speed.
Combine not at or near design
speed.
Adjust RPMs and observe
combine speed monitor.
Ground speed too fast for
conditions.
Shift tractor into a lower gear.
Moisture level in windrows is
too high.
Lift windrows and/or wait for
moisture to dissipate.
Adjustable overhead teeth or
concave teeth not engaged
enough.
Engage overhead or concave
teeth slightly (in 1”
increments).
Combine PTO not at or near
design speed.
Adjust and observe combine
speed monitor.
Ground speed too high for
conditions.
Ground Speed too high for
conditions.
Shift tractor to lower gear.
Shift tractor to lower gear.
Cleaning air control
improperly set.
Lower air setting if peanuts
are being blown out. Raise air
setting if peanuts are riding
out in the vine hay.
Aggressive setting too low.
Engage overhead teeth and
then concave teeth (1/8”
increments).
Main drive belt slips under
surge loads.
Tighten belt and reduce
ground speed.
Combine PTO not at or near
design speed
Adjust and observe combine
speed monitor.
Cleaning air control set too
low.
Adjust to a higher setting
Separator section drive or
cleaning air control air drive
belts are slipping.
Tighten belts.
2/13/08
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Problem
Lightweight foreign material
in bin.
Excessive amounts of
LSKs in bin.
Excessive amounts of dirt
clods in bin.
MAN106
Maintenance
Cause
Correction
Moisture level in windrows too
high.
Lift windrows and/or wait for
moisture to dissipate.
Retention board engaged too
far in the closed position.
Open in 1” increments
between checks.
Adjustable overhead/concave
teeth are too aggressive.
Disengage in 1” increments
between checks.
Main drive belt slips under
surge.
Tighten belts.
Combine PTO over design
speed.
Adjust and observe combine
speed monitor.
Moisture content in peanuts
too low.
Minimize aggressive settings,
reduce combine RPM.
Increase to a higher tractor
gear and ground speed if
needed.
Moisture level in windrows too
high.
Lift windrows or wait for
moisture to dissipate.
Obstruction in elevator air
duct.
Shut off tractor, disassemble
duct and remove obstruction.
Very dry harvest conditions.
Shut off tractor, change dual
speed cylinder drives to low
speed setting.
Windrows have been run over
and the peanuts shell easily.
None.
Elevator air set too high.
Lower elevator air setting.
Excessive dirt in windrow.
Reshake windrow.
Pickup header is being
operated too low.
Raise header so that spring
tips run just above the ground.
Combine PTO not at or near
design speed.
Adjust and observe combine
speed monitor.
Main drive or cleaning air
belts are slipping.
Tighten belts and check
elevator fan belt and Vsheave for wear.
Concave teeth not engaged.
Engage concave teeth.
2/13/08
71
Maintenance
Problem
Excessive amounts of dirt
clods in bin.
Tractor PTO load
excessive.
Hay is torn up excessively
under dry conditions.
72
2110 Peanut Combine
Cause
Correction
Ground speed too fast for
conditions.
Shift tractor into a lower gear.
Obstruction in elevator air
duct.
Disassemble duct and remove
obstruction.
Elevator fan or main drive
belts are slipping.
Tighten belts and check the
elevator fan belt and Vsheave for wear.
Combine PTO not at or near
design speed.
Adjust and observe combine
speed monitor.
Stones or dirt clods in air duct.
Shut off tractor, open cleaning
door and remove stones or
clods.
Animals have built nests in
high pressure section of
elevator system.
Remove inspection door in jet
tunnel and remove nest.
Dirt buildup on inside of duct.
Inspect and clean.
Tractor PTO not at or near
design speed.
Adjust and observe combine
speed monitor.
Ground speed too fast for
conditions.
Shift tractor into a lower gear.
Picking chamber jammed.
Stop, shut off tractor, and
remove excess material.
Adjustable overhead/concave
teeth set too aggressively.
Disengage overhead/concave
teeth in 1” increments
between checks.
Retention board engaged too
far in the closed position.
Open in 1” increments
between checks.
Combine is being operated
above suitable PTO speed
level.
Reduce combine speed to
lower speed level.
Very dry harvest conditions.
Shut off tractor, change dual
speed cylinder drives to low
speed setting.
2/13/08
MAN106
2110 Peanut Combine
Maintenance
Tachometer Programming
The tachometer for your machine has
been fully programmed at the factory.
However, if you have a replacement
tachometer, program the new tachometer
using the instructions included with it in the
packaging. Instructions can also be found
on the AMADAS website as follows:
1. Go to www.amadas.com
4. Select Tach Programming for
Combines (Form 0367; Part #16441)
IMPORTANT! Do NOT program your
tachometer UNLESS you have received
a replacement from AMADAS Industries.
Tachometers on new machines are fully
programmed at the factory and
attempting to re-program them may
cause errors.
2. From the AMADAS home page, select
Product Catalogs and Manuals
3. From the Product Catalogs and
Manuals page, select Technical
Bulletins
MAN106
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73
Maintenance
2110 Peanut Combine
NOTES
74
7/21/11
MAN106
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