FARMTRAC TRACTORS EUROPE Sp

FARMTRAC TRACTORS EUROPE Sp
Kullanım Kılavuzu
Farmtrac 685DT/690DT
|
|
Contents
page
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................4
1. GENERAL INFORMATION ..............................................................................................................6
1.1. Identification data. .........................................................................................................................6
1.2. Safety precautions. .......................................................................................................................6
1.3. Fire precautions. ...........................................................................................................................9
1.4. Warranty. ....................................................................................................................................10
1.5. Tractor delivery to purchaser. ......................................................................................................10
2. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION. .....................................................................................................12
2.1. Engine.........................................................................................................................................12
2.2. Electrical System.........................................................................................................................13
2.3. Transmission............................................................................................................................... 13
2.4. Hydraulic lift system. ...................................................................................................................15
2.5. Three-point linkage. ....................................................................................................................15
2.6. Coupling devices. ........................................................................................................................15
2.7. Steering system. .........................................................................................................................15
2.8. Wheels & axles. .......................................................................................................................... 15
2.9. Braking system. .......................................................................................................................... 16
2.10. Tractor weight. .......................................................................................................................... 16
2.11. Tractor dimensions....................................................................................................................17
3. INSTRUMENT PANEL & CONTROL DEVICES. ............................................................................18
3.1. Instrument Panel. ........................................................................................................................18
3.2. Control levers and pedals............................................................................................................20
3.3. Tractor cabin. .............................................................................................................................. 23
3.3.1. Switches in the cab roof. ......................................................................................................24
3.4. Operator’s seat adjustments. ......................................................................................................25
4. OPERATION. .................................................................................................................................26
4.1. Tractor running in. .......................................................................................................................26
4.2. Starting and stopping the engine. ................................................................................................ 26
4.3. Driving the tractor. .......................................................................................................................28
4.4 Power take-off (PTO). ..................................................................................................................29
4.5. Tractor hydraulic system. ............................................................................................................31
4.5.1. Hydraulic lift system. ............................................................................................................31
4.5.2. External hydraulics control. ..................................................................................................33
4.6. Equipment attaching on three-point linkage.................................................................................34
4.7. Attaching trailed machines and implements. ...............................................................................36
4.8. Tractor weighing. ........................................................................................................................37
5. MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT. ........................................................................................... 38
5.1. Periodic maintenance chart. ........................................................................................................38
5.2. Lubrication. .................................................................................................................................39
5.2.1. Oils. .....................................................................................................................................39
5.2.2. Greases. .............................................................................................................................. 40
5.2.3 . Reservoir filling. ..................................................................................................................40
5.3. Engine.........................................................................................................................................40
5.3.1. Engine lubrication system. ...................................................................................................40
5.3.2. Fuel system. ........................................................................................................................41
5.3.3. Dry air cleaner. ....................................................................................................................42
5.3.4. Cooling system. ...................................................................................................................43
5.3.5. Engine cylinder head. ..........................................................................................................43
5.4. Electrical system. ........................................................................................................................44
5.4.1 Alternator maintenance. ........................................................................................................44
5.4.2. Starter motor maintenance. .................................................................................................45
5.4.3. Battery maintenance. ...........................................................................................................45
5.4.4. Spot lights adjustment. ........................................................................................................45
2
5.4.5. Bulb and fuse - replacement. ............................................................................................... 45
5.5. Hydrostatic steering system. .......................................................................................................46
5.6. Front axle. ...................................................................................................................................47
5.7. Wheels. .......................................................................................................................................48
5.7.1. Front wheel track adjustment. .............................................................................................. 48
5.7.2. Front wheels toe-in. .............................................................................................................48
5.7.3. Rear wheel track adjustment. .............................................................................................. 49
5.7.4. Tyres use & maintenance. ...................................................................................................49
5.7.5. Wheel bearings greasing. ...................................................................................................50
5.8. Clutch..........................................................................................................................................50
5.9. Transmission & rear axle maintenance. ......................................................................................50
5.10. Three-point linkage. ..................................................................................................................51
5.11. Cab and operator’s seat. ...........................................................................................................51
5.12. Braking system. ........................................................................................................................52
5.12.1. Service break adjustment. .................................................................................................52
5.12.2. Parking brake. ...................................................................................................................52
5.13. Air braking system.....................................................................................................................53
5.14. Hydraulic lift. ............................................................................................................................. 55
3
INTRODUCTION
!
This symbol warn of necessity of particularly careful due to possible risk for people
and tractor damage.
Read this Manual carefully and familiarize yourself with all the controls before attempting to
operate the tractor and observe the included rules.
Safety symbols
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Ad. 1 – Read the operator’s manual carefully.
Ad. 2 – Keep your hands away from moving parts..
Ad. 3 – Always start the engine from the operator’s seat.
Ad. 4 – Stop the engine and remove the key before you start maintenance or repair operations.
Ad. 5 – Keep away from the three-point linkage.
Warning lamps marking
1.
2.
3.
11.
12.
13.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
14.
Ad. 1 – Alternator charge.
Ad. 2 – Engine oil pressure.
Ad. 3 – Glow plug.
Ad. 4 – Differential lock.
Ad. 5 – Turn indicators.
Ad. 6 – Headlight main beam.
Ad. 7 – Work lamp front.
Ad. 8 – Work lamp rear.
Ad. 9 – Air pressure drop.
Ad. 10 – Air cleaner choked.
Ad. 11 – Parking brake.
Ad. 12 – Braking system failure.
Ad. 13 – PTO (power take-off)
Ad. 14 – 4WD (four wheel drive)
4
9.
10.
Thank you for purchasing new Farmtrac tractor.
This Manual has been prepared to assist you in the correct procedure for running-in, driving and
operating your new tractor and to assist you in the correct method of maintenance to keep it in peak
condition.
Farmtrac series of tractors have been designed and build to give maximum performance, economy
and ease of operation under a wide variety of operating conditions.
Prior to delivery, your tractor was carefully inspected, both at the factory and by your Authorized
Dealer to ensure that it reaches you in optimum condition. To maintain this condition and ensure
trouble-free operation, it is important that the routine services, as specified in this manual, are
carried out at the recommended intervals.
The vehicle reference serial number should always be quoted to the Dealer whenever tractor
requires service.
Read this manual carefully and keep it at a convenient place for future reference. This manual must
be considered as an integral part of your tractor. If at any time you require service or advice
concerning your tractor, do not hesitate to contact your Authorized Dealer.
He has trained personnel, genuine parts and the necessary equipment to carry out all your service
requirements.
When replacement parts are required, it is important that only genuine or approved service parts be
used. Extensive damage may occur as a result of fitment of parts of inferior quality.
All data given in this book is subject to production variations. Dimension and weights are approximate
only and the illustrations do not necessarily show tractors in standard condition. Some of the
equipment / accessories described in the text may also not be fitted on your tractor. For exact
information about any particular tractor, please consult your Authorized Dealer.
5
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1. Identification data.
 Tractor identification data is located:
- on tractor identification plate, located on the right hand side on the rear wall of Cabin and
affixed with rivets, (Fig. 1a),
The plate contains tractor serial number, engine serial number and year of manufacture, etc.
 The chassis (tractor) serial number is punctured on the transmission housing on rear right hand
side of the tractor (Fig. 1b).
 The engine identification data:
- Serial number - on number plate stuck on engine on left hand side - near hydraulic pump (Fig.
1c)
- Engine identification plate, stuck on cylinder block on right hand side low - under alternator
(Fig. 1d).
 Cabin identification data - on identification plate on L.H. side front central cross bar of cabin frame
(inside cabin, Fig. 1e).
Fig. 1a
Fig. 1c
Fig. 1b
Fig. 1d
Fig. 1e
1.2. Safety precautions.
A careful operator is the best operator. Most accidents can be avoided by observing certain
precautions to prevent the possibility of injury or damage. The following precautions should be taken
to help prevent accidents. Read these carefully before operating your new Farmtrac tractor.
!
Important !
1. Read this Manual carefully and familiarize yourself with all the controls before
attempting to operate the tractor. Working with unfamiliar equipment or lack of
operating knowledge may lead to accidents.
2. Do not permit any one to ride on the tractor with the operator.
3. Use the foot steps and assist handles when getting on or off the tractor. It is
recommended that you face the tractor when mounting or dismounting. Keep
steps and platform clear of mud and debris.
4. Replace any warning sign on the tractor that becomes damaged or is painted
over. Replace all missing, illegible or damaged safety decals.
6
Operating the tractor
1. Never start the engine while standing beside the tractor. Always sit on the tractor seat. Fasten
seat belt and ensure that the Cab/ Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS) (if fitted) is in place
before starting the engine.
2. Apply the parking brake, place the PTO selection lever in the “Neutral” position, external
hydraulics control lever in the “Neutral” position, the lift control levers in the down position and the
transmission in neutral before starting the tractor.
3. Do not bypass the safety starter switch. Consult your Dealer if your safety start control is not
operating correctly.
4. Stop the engine, bring PTO selection lever in neutral position and apply the parking brake.
5. Do not engage the parking brake while the tractor is in motion.
6. Never get off the tractor while it is in motion.
7. Never park the tractor on a steep incline.
8. To provide maximum lateral stability, add liquid ballast to tyres and cast iron wheel weights and
set front and rear wheels to maximum tread width commensurate with the operation being
performed.
9. Do not tie ropes, chains, or cables to the axle or other parts of the chassis. Always hitch the load
to the tractor’s drawbar in the lowest possible position, except when pulling implements are
specifically designed and properly attached to the three point hitch.
10. If the front tends to rise with heavy implements at the rear, install front end wafer weights.
11. Ensure that an implement coupled to the three-point linkage does not collide any part of the cab
(applicable to tractors fitted with cab).
12. Never leave equipment in raised position.
13. If the engine or power steering ceases operating, stop the tractor immediately.
14. Always engage Position Control when attaching equipment, transporting equipment and when no
equipment is attached. Be sure hydraulic couplers are properly mounted and will disconnect
safely in case of accidental detachment of the implement.
15. Ensure any attached equipment or accessories are correctly installed, are approved for use with
the tractor, do not overload the tractor and are operated and maintained in accordance with the
instructions issued by the equipment or accessory manufacturer.
16. Remember that your tractor, if abused or incorrectly used, can be dangerous and become a
hazard both to the operator and to bystanders. Do not overload or operate with attached
equipment which is unsafe, not designed for the particular task or is poorly maintained.
WARNING:
!
Hearing protection must be worn when operating this tractor if a safety cab is
not fitted.
Driving the tractor
1. Before you start driving always blow the horn to warn the people operating the machine
attached to your tractor, bystanders and especially children.
2. Always drive the tractor with care and at speeds compatible with safety, especially when
operating over rough ground, crossing ditches or slopes, or when turning, to avoid overturning
the tractor.
3. Never allow the tractor to over-run when going downhill, particularly with trailed equipment
attached. Keep the tractor in the same gear when going downhill as used when going uphill. Do
not coast or free-wheel down hills. Use extreme caution while operating on steep slopes and
use a low gear to maintain control with minimum braking.
4. Keep the brake pedals latched together at all times unless independent braking is required. This
may be used to assist turning when traveling very slowly and on headlands.
5. Reduce speed before turning or applying the brakes. Brake both the wheels simultaneously
when making an emergency stop.
6. Do not engage the differential lock when turning the tractor. When engaged, the lock will
prevent the tractor taking the turn and may result in overturning of the tractor.
7
7.
If the tractor drive wheels are stuck, shift to reverse gear and back out, to prevent from lifting the
front wheels off the ground and possibly rolling the tractor over backwards.
8. Slow moving vehicles on highways are dangerous. Use a slow moving (SMV) sign in
conjunction with headlights, tail lights and flashing warning lights.
9. Use extreme caution and avoid hard application of the tractor brakes when towing heavy loads.
Any towed vehicle whose total weight exceeds that of the tractor must be equipped with
pneumatic brakes for safe operations.
10. Watch where you are going especially at row ends, on roads, around trees and any low hanging
obstacle.
11. Dip the tractor lights when meeting a vehicle at night. Ensure the lights are adjusted to avoid
blinding the driver of an oncoming vehicle.
12. Always check overhead clearance, especially when working in confined spaces.
13. Engage the clutch slowly when driving out of a ditch, gully or up a steep hillside. Disengage the
clutch promptly if the front wheels rise off the ground.
14. Whenever possible avoid driving the tractor across slopes. Preferably drive up and down sloping
fields. If it is necessary to work across slopes, proceed as follows:
 use the widest wheel track setting compatible with the implement being used,
 always turn uphill at the end of each run,
 raise the implement to the height sufficient for making a turn only, or raise the implement
using Position Control,
 ensure that the rear tyre pressures are equal,
 reduce the speed to a minimum on headlands,
 when using a reversible plough, start at the top of the slope to reduce the tractor inclination
angle by making the top wheels run in the furrow.
Operating the PTO
1. Ensure the PTO guard is always installed and replace the PTO shaft cap when the PTO is not
being used.
2. Disengage the independent PTO clutch prior the selection of PTO. Before stopping the engine,
bring the PTO selection lever in neutral position and wait for the PTO shaft to stop turning before
getting off the tractor to connect or disconnect PTO driven equipment.
3. Apply the parking brake and block the rear wheels, front and rear, when operating stationary PTO
driven equipment.
4. To avoid injury, never clean, unclog, adjust or service PTO driven equipment while PTO is
engaged.
5. Never wear loose clothing when operating the PTO or when near equipment that is rotating.
6. Before operating implements, study the implement manufacturer’s handbook. Certain implements
require special operating techniques.
Servicing the tractor
1. Keep the tractor and equipment, particularly brakes and steering, maintained in a reliable and
satisfactory condition to ensure your safety and comply with legal requirements.
2. Stop the engine and disconnect battery terminals before performing any service on the tractor.
3. To prevent fire or explosion, keep open flames away from the battery. To prevent sparks which
could cause explosion, use jumper cables according to instructions.
4. The fuel oil in the injection system and fluid in the hydraulic system are under high pressure and
can penetrate the skin. Unqualified and unauthorized persons should not remove or attempt to
adjust a pump, injector, nozzle or any other part of the fuel infection system. This also may be
unlawful under certain circumstances. Failure to follow these instructions can result in serious
injury.
5. Do not use your hand to check for leaks. Use a piece of cardboard or paper to search for leaks.
6. Stop the engine and relieve pressure before connecting or disconnecting hydraulic or fuel lines.
7. Tighten all connections before starting the engine or pressurizing lines.
8. If fluid is injected into the skin, obtain medical attention immediately.
8
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
The cooling system is operated under pressure which is controlled by the radiator cap. It is
dangerous to remove the cap while the system is hot. Allow the engine to cool, then turn the
cap slowly to the first stop and allow the pressure to escape before removing the cap entirely.
Continuous long term contact with used engine oil may cause skin cancer. Avoid prolonged
contact with used engine oil. Wash skin promptly with soap and water.
Do not run the tractor engine in a closed building without adequate ventilation as exhaust fumes
may suffocate you.
Do not modify, or alter, or permit anyone else to modify, or alter the tractor, or any of its
components, or any tractor function without first consulting your Authorized Dealer.
Tractor wheels are heavy. Handle them with care and ensure that, when stored, they cannot
topple and cause injury.
Discard the used lubricaiting oils and filter canisters in accordance with local regulations.
1.3. Fire precautions.
1. Under no circumstances should gasoline, alcohol or blended fuels be added to fuel oil. These
combinations can create an increased fire or explosive hazard. In a closed container, such as a
fuel tank, these bends are more explosive than pure gasoline. Do not use these blends.
2. Never remove the fuel cap or refuel with the engine running or hot.
3. Do not smoke or allow an open flame near the fuel tank or while re-fuelling the tractor. Wait for
the engine to cool before re-fuelling.
4. Maintain control on the fuel filler pipe nozzle when filling the tank.
5. Do not fill the fuel tank to its capacity. Allow room for expansion.
6. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately.
7. Always tighten the fuel tank cap securely.
8. If the original fuel tank cap is lost, replace it with an approved cap. A non-approved cap may not
be safe.
9. Keep equipment clean and properly maintained.
10. Do not drive equipment near open fires.
11. Should the fuel catch fire, extinguish fire covering it tightly with asbestos blanket, canvas sheet or
rags, or else by pouring sand or soil over the fire. Never use water to extinguish burning fuel or
lubricants as this makes the fire to spread even faster. A fire extinguisher should be carried with
the tractor.
12. Precautions should be taken to ensure that stored fuel is kept free of dirt, water, etc.
13. Fuel should be stored in black iron tanks, not galvanized tanks, as the galvanized coating will
react with the fuel and form compounds that will contaminate the injection pump and injectors.
14. Bulk storage tanks should be installed away from direct sunlight and angled slightly so that the
outlet pipe is at the higher end. In this way sediment in the tank will settle away from the outlet
pipe.
15. To facilitate moisture and sediment removal, a drain plug should be provided at the lowest point
(at the opposite end to the outlet pipe). If there is no filter on the outlet pipe, then a funnel with a
fine mesh screen should be used when filling the tractor fuel tank.
16. Fuel purchases should be arranged so that summer grade fuels are not held over and used in
winter and vice-versa.
WARNING:
!
The fuel oil in the injecting system is pressurized and can penetrate human
skin with fatal results. Adjustment of fuel injection equipment should not be
carried out by unqualified persons.
Safety frame or roll bar (where fitted)
Your tractor is equipped with a CAB/ROPS which must be maintained in a serviceable condition. Be
careful when driving through doorways or working in confined spaces with low headroom.
9
Do not:
I)
Modify, drill, weld or alter the CAB/ROPS in any way. Doing so could render you liable to legal
prosecution in some counties.
II)
Attempt to straighten or weld any part of the CAB/ROPS or retaining brackets which have
suffered damage. By doing so you may weaken the structure and endanger you safety.
III) Secure any parts on the CAB/ROPS or attach it with other than special high tensile bolts and
nuts specified.
IV) Attach chains or ropes to the CAB/ROPS for pulling purposes.
V) Take unnecessary risks even though your CAB/ROPS affords you the maximum protection
possible.
NOTE:
If there is a risk from falling objects at your work environment, a Falling Objects
Protective Structure (FOPS) must be installed on your tractor.
1.4. Warranty.
FARMTRAC TRACTORS EUROPE, when selling tractors to its Authorized Dealers, gives a
warranty which, subject to certain conditions guarantees that tractors are free from defects in
material and workmanship.
Each FARMTRAC TRACTORS EUROPE Authorized Dealer is required to give a similar warranty
for the benefit of the first retail purchaser of a new tractor supplied by FARMTRAC TRACTORS
EUROPE.
Under the terms of warranty the purchaser is entitled to a specified, service inspections and repairs
including parts replacement, if the manufacturer is responsible for the defect.
NOTE:
FARMTRAC TRACTORS EUROPE
will
not accept responsibility for any claim
resulting from the fitment of non-approved parts or attachments, or unauthorized
modification or alteration.
NOTE:
Repairs of parts protected with seals can by carried out by an Authorized Dealer
only. Arbitrary removal or breaking of the seal may lead to warranty invalidation.
1.5. Tractor delivery to purchaser.
The Dealer is required to carry out certain activities when supplying a new Farmtrac tractor.
This consist of a full pre-delivery inspection to ensure that the tractor supplied is ready for immediate
use and full instructions in the basic principles of operation and maintenance of the tractor. These
instructions will cover instruments and controls, routine maintenance and safety precautions. All
persons who will be concerned with the operation and maintenance of the machine should be present
for these instructions.
The following check list items should be covered by the Dealer during the tractor handing over:










all safety points and decals on the tractor and in the Operator’s Manual,
location and significance of tractor and engine serial numbers,
use of all instruments and controls,
running in procedure,
engine starting and stopping procedure, when hot and cold,
driving the tractor, starting and stopping,
gear selection for the particular operation to be performed,
towing of the tractor,
use and adjustment of clutches,
brakes, latched and unlatched, method of adjustment,
10
















differential lock, its engagement, disengagement and adjustment,
use of power take-off,
how to use the hydraulic lift system, attach/detach implements and use of stabilizers.
use of external hydraulics,
four-wheel drive, its engagement and disengagement,
the method of making the wheel track adjustments, front wheel alignment and use of correct tyre
pressure,
cooling system, frost precautions and fan belt adjustment.
maintenance of the engine air cleaner,
fuel system and how to remove the air,
electrical system maintenance,
bolts and nuts fastening,
grease points,
oil changes and location of drain plugs, filler plugs and dipsticks,
filter replacement and cleaning,
transport and storage of fuel,
warranty entitlement and the services due during the warranty period.
Pre-delivery inspection
The following items must be checked, and where necessary, corrected by the Dealer before
delivery:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
Verify serial numbers of the tractor and engine.
Assemble parts removed for transport.
Check the tractor against its specification.
Examine the condition of factory seals.
Remove water and impurities from water trap and bleed the fuel system.
Check the liquid level in the cooling system and in screen washer system.
Check the oil level in all system.
Check the battery electrolyte level and electrolyte concentration.
Lubricate all grease points, if necessary.
Check for tightness and locking all external nuts, bolts, screw, plugs, connections, and clamping
bands (special attention should be paid to air intake and cooling system hose and pipe
connections).
Ensure that pipes, hoses and wiring are not fouling exhaust system or sharp edges.
Check the fan and air compressor (if fitted) V-belt tension.
Check clutch pedal free travel.
Check tyre pressure.
Check front wheel alignment and hub bearings for play.
Check the safety start switch function.
Check the headlight setting.
Road test the tractor checking all instruments, controls and services for correct function.
After road test, check for leaks.
11
2. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION.
Specification / Tractor model
FT 685 DT
FT 690 DT
2.1. Engine.
Engine model
Engine type
Number of cylinders
Firing order
Bore / stroke
Capacity
Compression ratio
Engine rated power
Engine rated speed
Maximum engine torque
Low idle speed, rpm
Valve clearances (on cold engine)
 inlet valve
 exhaust valve
Valve timing:
 inlet valve opens
 inlet valve closes
 exhaust valve opens
 exhaust valve closes
Fuel System
Fuel Injection pump type, make
Governor type, make
Max. no load speed
Injector
 type
 injector nozzle type
 injection pressure
Fuel Feed pump
Fuel filter
Recommended fuel:
 summer
 interim period
 winter
PERKINS 2971/2200, 1104D-44T PERKINS 3361/2200, 1104D-44T
four stroke, water-cooled, turbocharged, direct injection diesel
4, vertical, in-line
1–3–4-2
105 / 127 [mm]
3
4400 [cm ]
18,2:1 ± 1
61 kW
64,5 kW
2200 ± 50 [rpm]
345 [Nm] at 1400 rpm
360 [Nm] at 1400 rpm
800  1000 [rpm]
As per engine manufacturer
17O BTDC
O
48 ABDC
59O BBDC
75O ATDC
Delphi, type 1530 – 2644C322,
Delphi, type 1533 – 2644C315
2644C342
Mechanical, BOSCH
2400 rpm
Delphi 2645K025
LJBX 6923602
18,40,4 MPa
Electrical
Separator and filter, between fuel feed pump and F.I.P.
Diesel fuel
B per PN-EN590:2002
D per PN-EN590:2002
F per PN-EN590:2002
98 [dm3]
Fuel tank capacity
Lubrication System
Type
Pump type
Oil pressure at engine rated speed
and oil temp of 110°C
Oil filter type
Lubricating system capacity
Recommended oil
Full flow, force feed and splash
Eccentric
0,30 MPa
Spin on, throw away type
10, 5 dm3
TEXACO URSA SUPER TD 15W-40
STATOIL EuroWay 15W-40
STATOIL TurboMaxWay 15W-40
12
Cooling System
Type
Cooling system capacity, litres
Fan
Fan / alternator belt deflection, mm
Recommended coolant
Pressurised recirculation, by pass with radiator, fan, thermostat
3
17,0 dm
10 blades, diameter 457 mm
8 mm
see coolant specification
Air cleaner
Type
dry type, two-stage, in front of radiator
2.2. Electrical System.
Type
Alternator
Battery
Starter motor
Starting aid
Electrical socket
single line, 12V with negative to earth
PERKINS A127iR - 14V, 85A
PERKINS A127iR - 14V, 100A
6 SK 120,12V,120 Ah
PERKINS 2873K625- 12V/3 kW
glow plug
Seven pin socket, 12N
2.3. Transmission.
Clutch.
Type
friction type, dry, two-disc clutch with independent control of PTO clutch
Clutch plate diameter:
310 mm
 transmission
310 mm
 PTO
Pedal free travel (Transmission clutch)
25  35 mm
Actuation
Transmission clutch – foot pedal,
PTO clutch – hydraulic
Gearbox with range lever
Type
Number of gears in gearbox
Number of reduction gears
Number of speed ranges
Total number of forward/reverse gears
Gearbox control
Oil capacity
Rear Axle
Type
Final drive gear ratio
Differential – satellites No.
– differential lock
Final reduction gears - type
- gear ratio
Recommended oil
Oil capacity:
gear box, rear axle, hydraulic system
Other
CARRARO mechanical, with constant mesh gears
4 + 4R
3
2
24 F; 24 R
manual by means of four levers
See rear axle
CARRARO 506HD, bevel tooth crown wheel and pinion
3,166 : 1
4
mechanical, foot operated
epicyclic
6,857 : 1
TEXACO Super Uniwersal Tractor Oil 15W-30
45,0 dm3
- safety start
13
Ratios and tractor ground speeds
Table 1.
Gear range
Theoretical tractor ground speeds in km/h at engine rated speed for specified tyre size / effective rolling circuit
Gear No.
Total ratio
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
1LL 1111,74 1176,42 0,52
0,49 0,54 0,51 0,52 0,49 0,54
0,51
1LH
950,20 1005,49 0,61
0,58 0,63 0,60 0,61 0,58 0,64
0,60
2LL
760,02 804,49 0,76
0,72 0,79 0,74 0,76 0,72 0,80
0,75
2LH
649,59 687,60 0,89
0,84 0,92 0,87 0,89 0,84 0,93
0,88
3LL
525,55 557,89 1,10
1,04 1,14 1,07 1,10 1,04 1,15
1,08
3LH
449,19 476,83 1,29
1,22 1,33 1,26 1,29 1,21 1,35
1,27
4LL
363,84 384,05 1,59
1,51 1,65 1,56 1,59 1,51 1,66
1,58
4LH
310,98 328,25 1,86
1,77 1,93 1,83 1,86 1,76 1,95
1,84
1ML
242,35 256,45 2,39
2,26 2,47 2,34 2,39 2,26 2,50
2,36
1MH 207,14 219,19 2,80
2,64 2,89 2,73 2,79 2,64 2,92
2,76
2ML
165,68 175,37 3,50
3,30 3,62 3,42 3,49 3,30 3,65
3,45
2MH 141,61 149,89 4,09
3,87 4,23 4,00 4,09 3,86 4,27
4,04
3ML
114,57 121,62 5,06
4,76 5,23 4,93 5,05 4,76 5,28
4,98
3MH
97,92 103,95 5,92
5,57 6,12 5,77 5,91 5,57 6,18
5,82
4ML
79,31
83,72 7,31
6,92 7,56 7,16 7,30 6,91 7,63
7,23
4MH
67,79
71,56 8,55
8,10 8,84 8,37 8,54 8,09 8,93
8,46
1HL
54,95
58,15 10,54
9,96 10,90 10,31 10,53 9,95 11,01 10,41
1HH
46,97
49,70 12,34 11,66 12,76 12,06 12,32 11,65 12,88 12,17
2HL
37,57
39,77 15,42 14,57 15,95 15,07 15,41 14,56 16,11 15,22
2HH
32,11
33,99 18,05 17,05 18,66 17,63 18,03 17,03 18,84 17,80
3HL
25,98
27,58 22,31 21,01 23,07 21,73 22,28 20,99 23,29 21,94
3HH
22,20
23,57 26,10 24,59 26,99 25,43 26,07 24,56 27,25 25,67
4HL
17,99
18,98 32,22 30,52 33,32 31,57 32,18 30,49 33,64 31,87
4HH
15,37
16,23 37,70 35,71 38,99 36,93 37,65 35,67 39,36 37,29
Forward
Backward
16.9-30 12PR/
4390
ForBackward
ward
18.4-30 12PR/
4540
ForBackward
ward
Front axle
Type
Final drive gear ratio
Differential
- differential lock
Final reduction gears
- type
- gear ratio
- oil capacity
Axle housing oil capacity
Recommended oil
420/85R30
(16.9R30)/ 4385
ForBackward
ward
CARRARO,
460/85R30
(18.4R30)/ 4584
ForBackward
ward
480/70R30
MITAS/ 4422
ForBackward
ward
480/70R30
KLEBER /4400
ForBackward
ward
0,53
0,61
0,77
0,90
1,11
1,30
1,60
1,88
2,41
2,82
3,52
4,12
5,09
5,96
7,36
8,61
10,62
12,43
15,54
18,18
22,47
26,29
32,45
37,97
0,52
0,61
0,76
0,89
1,11
1,29
1,60
1,87
2,40
2,80
3,51
4,10
5,07
5,93
7,32
8,57
10,57
12,37
15,46
18,09
22,36
26,16
32,29
37,78
0,50
0,58
0,73
0,85
1,05
1,22
1,52
1,78
2,28
2,66
3,33
3,89
4,80
5,62
6,97
8,16
10,04
11,74
14,68
17,17
21,17
24,76
30,75
35,97
crown wheel and pinion
2, 3 : 1
automatic
epicyclic
6 :1
2 x 0,7 dm3
5,5 dm3
TEXACO Geartex EP-C 80W-90
Power Take-Off - PTO
Type
PTO clutch control
PTO shaft end
Height above ground
Independent PTO shaft speed
independent and ground
hydraulical
Type 1 per PN-86/R-36101 - 6 (ISO 500)
695 mm
540 rpm at 1938 rpm
540E at1648 rpm
at 540 rpm. - 3,588
at 540E - 3,053
rightwards, from tractor end
Engine – PTO ratio
Rotation
14
0,49
0,58
0,72
0,84
1,04
1,22
1,51
1,77
2,26
2,65
3,31
3,87
4,78
5,59
6,94
8,12
9,99
11,69
14,60
17,09
21,06
24,64
30,59
35,79
2.4. Hydraulic lift system.
Type
Cylinder bore
Hydraulic pomp type
Hydraulic pomp capacity- at 2200 rpm
Nominal Pressure
Number of quick couplings for external
hydraulics
Quick couplings type
Oil filter
External hydraulics
Temporary oil rate flow taken from
transmission
piston type with position & draft control
110/102
gear
39 dm3 / min
17 - 19 MPa
6
ISO 12.5
on the suction side of the pump
control of three double acting or six single acting ram cylinders
8l
2.5. Three-point linkage.
Type
Category
Lifting capacity at the ends of lower
links in horizontal position
lever type, accordant to PN-88/R-36110
2 per ISO 730-1:1994
3100 kg
2.6. Coupling devices.
Drawbar.
 Type
fork type
accordant to PN-82/R-36107
33 mm
465 mm
5 kN at 400 mm from PTO shaft end
 Pin diameter
 Ground clearance
 Max. vertical static load
Upper transportation hitch.
 Pin hole diameter
 Ground clearance
 Max. vertical static load
33 mm
905 mm
13 kN
2.7. Steering system.
Type
Steering wheel diameter
Number of steering wheel revolutions
from lock to lock
hydrostatic
380 mm
3,5
2.8. Wheels & axles.
Front axle type
rigid, swivel pin mounted, driven
Rear wheels:
Rim size
 Tire size - standard
 Wheel track
 Recommended inflation pressures:
- at field
- at road transport
W 16L x 30
18,4 - 30 (8 PR)
1508; 1592; 1702; 1795; 1908 mm
100110 kPa
170 kPa
15
Front wheels:
 Toe-in
 Rim size
 Tire size - standard *
 Wheel track
 Recommended inflation pressures:
- without front weights
- with front weights
- with front loader (speed up to
10 km/h
0  5 mm
W 11x24
12,4 R24
1560; 1660; 1760; 1860
100110 kPa
120140 kPa
240 kPa
2.9. Braking system.
Service brake:
 Type
 Control
 Acting on
Emergency brake:
Parking brake
 Type
 Control
 Acting on
 Trailer air braking system.
- Air reservoir capacity
Standard air pressure
- in single line system
- in triple-line system
Pressure drop at warning lamp on
wet, disc type
mechanical, foot control, with possibility of left & right wheel
independent braking
rear axle 2 wheels
function fulfilled by parking and service brake
wet, disc type
mechanical, hand lever operated
rear axle wheels
over-pressured, single-line or triple-line type
15 dm3
0580,63 MPa
0,650,81 MPa
0,4 ± 0,04 MPa
2.10. Tractor weight.
Weight of tractor in running order, kg
Weight distribution on axle, kg:
 front
 rear
Maximum permissible weight of tractor, kg
Weight distribution on axle kg:
 front
 rear
Maximum mass of the trailer kg:
 Unbraked trailer towable mass
 Unbraked agricultural implement
 Inertia braked towable mass
 Independently braked towable mass
 Towable mass fitted with air braking
Ballast weights
 Front axle
 Rear axle
3987 kg
1662 kg
2325 kg
6000 kg
2500 kg
3500 kg
1500 kg
3000 kg
5000 kg
5000 kg
14500 kg
6 x 22 + 1 x 40 = 172 kg
2 x 39 + 4 x 32 = 206 kg
16
2.11. Tractor dimensions.
3684÷4350 mm
19392403 mm
2533÷2584 mm
2380 mm
410480 mm
Overall length, mm
Overall width, mm
Overall height, mm
Wheelbase, mm
Ground clearance, mm
Minimum turning circle without
independent braking, mm:

to the left
front drive engaged
front drive disengaged

to the right
front drive engaged
front drive disengaged
10100 mm
9350 mm
9900 mm
9150 mm
17
3. INSTRUMENT PANEL & CONTROL DEVICES.
3.1. Instrument Panel.
The following text describes the various gauges, switches, warning lights and control levers situated
on the instrument panel, or close to it (Fig 3.1).
Coolant temperature gauge (1)
The gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant. If the pointer enters the red zone of the
gauge while the engine is running, stop the engine and investigate the cause.
Fig. 3.1 Instrument panel, see description below.
Tachometer and hour meter (2)
Tachometer shows the engine speed in hundreds of revolutions per minute (rpm). The hour meter
shows the total number of hours of operation, and register one mth during one hour of engine
operation by engine speed of 1600 rpm.
Fuel gauge (3)
The fuel gauge indicates the fuel level in the tank. Operates with the key-start switch turned to
position 2.
Air pressure gauge (4)
The air pressure gauge, shows the air pressure in the air system.
Direction indicator switch (5)
Operates as follow:
 Lever center – OFF,
 Lever upwards – R.H. direction indicator operates,
 Lever downwards – L.H. direction indicator operates.
Light and horn switch (6)
The lever has four positions:
 Pos. 1 – upwards – OFF,
 Pos. 2 – center side – side & tail lights and dipped beam ON,
 Pos. 3 – downwards side, tail lights and main beam ON,
 Pos. 4 – backward – horn is actuated in any position of lever.
Windscreen wiper and washer switch (7) (ref. Cab version)
The lever has three positions:
 Lever upwards – OFF,
 Lever downwards – windscreen wiper ON,
 Lever backward – windscreen washer is actuated.
18
Key-start switch (8)
Positions of the key:
 Pos. 1 – OFF,
 Pos. 2 – (key turned clockwise 30) – electrical accessories ON,
 Pos. 3 – (key turned clockwise 60) – flame plug is energized for cold weather starting, (spring
turns the key automatically to pos. 2),
 Pos. 4 – (key turned clockwise 90) – starting motor operates, (spring turns the key automatically
to pos. 2).
Alternator charge warning light (9) – red
This charge warning light illuminates when the starter switch key is in pos. 2.
The light should extinguish after the engine starts and rotates 700 rpm. If the warning lamp
illuminates when the engine is running, over 750 rpm, stop the engine and identify the cause of the
problem.
Engine oil pressure warning light (10) – red
This warning light illuminates when the starter switch key is in pos. 2. It should extinguish when the
engine starts and should remain extinguished with the engine running at all its speeds. If the light
illuminates when the engine is running, stop the engine immediately and investigate the reason of
pressure drop.
Glow plug warning light (11) – yellow
This warning light illuminates when the starter switch key is in pos. 3. Extinguishes after glow plug
switching off. If the light does not come on, identify the cause of the problem.
Differential lock warning light (12) – yellow
This warning light illuminates when the differential lock is engaged.
Flashing indicator warning light (13) – green
This warning light flashes irrespective of whether the L.H. or R.H. indicator is selected.
Main beam warning light (14) – blue
This warning light illuminates when the headlights are switched to main beam.
Work lamps warning light
Front (15) and rear (16) lamps.
Air pressure drop warning light (17) – red
This warning light illuminates when the air pressure in the trailer air braking system drops below
0,4. In such case, further towing of a trailer is not permitted.
Hazard warning lights switch (18)
All direction indicators will be flashing simultaneously. The hazard warning lights operate
independently of starter switch key position.
Cab heater control knob (19)
This knob controls the valve through which the coolant from the engine cooling system is flowing.
When the knob is pushed in, the valve is closed.
Light main switch (20)
This switch is used to switch on/off the tractor lighting system. When pushed in, the tractor marker
lights illuminate.
Blower switch (21)
Is used to switch on/off the front blower, controlling the air blow into the cab.
19
Dipped (lower) beam warning light (22) – green
This warning light illuminates when the headlights are switched to dipped (lower) beam.
Steering wheel adjustment lever (23)
The lever is used to adjust the steering wheel tilt and is always in the permanent lock position. To
change the steering wheel tilt, move the wheel lock lever downwards and set the steering wheel to
the desired position. Then move the lock lever backwards to lock the steering wheel.
Shuttle lever (24 – described in chapter 3.2)
Hand throttle (25)
This lever is used to selected engine speed. Pull the lever backwards to progressively increase the
engine speed. Push the throttle lever forwards to decrease the engine speed.
NOTE:
When traveling on the road, the foot throttle should be used, and the hand throttle lever should
be brought to the closed position.
Dry air cleaner contamination warning light (26) – yellow
This warning light illuminates in case of dry air cleaner excessive contamination.
PTO 540E warning light (27) – yellow
This warning light illuminates when the PTO 540E is set ON.
Front drive engagement warning light (28) – yellow
This warning light illuminates when front drive is engaged.
Parking brake engagement warning light (29) – red
This warning light illuminates when parking brake is engaged.
Front drive switch (30)
This is used to engage the front drive.
NOTE:
The front drive should only be used when operating in field conditions. Do not operate the
tractor in four wheel drive on the road (with the exception of uphill driving) as this may lead to
premature wear of front tyres and excessive fuel consumption.
Before engage / disengage front drive, push clutch pedal.
PTO clutch switch (31)
This is used to engage or disengage the drive to the PTO shaft. When the warning lamp on the switch
button is off, the PTO drive is engaged. To disengage the PTO drive, push the switch button and the
warning lamp will get on showing the PTO drive is disengaged.
3.2. Control levers and pedals.
Control levers and pedals are shown at Fig. 3.2.
Foot throttle pedal (3)
Operation of the foot throttle overrides the hand throttle (25 fig. 3.1) setting when increasing the
engine speed. When the foot throttle is released, the engine returns to the speed set by the hand
throttle. When foot throttle is used the hand throttle should be brought to the closed position.
Service brake pedals (2, 3)
The service brake system is mechanically actuated. The two brake pedals can either be used
independently (to aid turning in confined spaces) or locked together using latch to provide a master
pedal for normal braking. For independent braking, disengage the latch (4). Then the inner pedal (2)
actuates the brake of rear L.H. wheel and the outer pedal (3) – the brake of rear R.H. wheel.
20
Clutch pedal (5)
When this pedal is fully pressed, the drive to the wheels will be disengaged. Always depress the
clutch pedal to engage or disengage a gear ratio. Clutch pedal must be depressed fully every time
any of the three gear levers (main, range or shuttle) is operated.
12 Volt socket (6)
PTO selector lever (7)
This lever has three positions as shown on the decal situated by the lever:
 upper position – engine speed PTO engaged,
 centre position – neutral,
 bottom position – ground speed PTO engaged.
When moving the lever to the upper position, always disengage the PTO clutch by means of switch
31 (fig. 3.1).
NOTE:
1. Keep the PTO clutch always in engaged condition irrespective of whether the PTO
is in use or not (i.e. the warning lamp on the switch button is off).
2. Press the transmission clutch for shitting the PTO selector lever from neutral to
ground speed PTO and vice-versa.
Fig. 3.2 Control levers and pedals, N – air vents.
21
Differential lock pedal (8)
The differential lock mechanically locks the rear half axles together so that both wheels pull together.
The differential lock warning light illuminates when differential lock is engaged.
Hydraulic lift control levers (11,12)
These levers are used to control the action of the tractor three-point linkage. External lever (yellow
knob) is the – Position Control lever and the internal (red knob)– Draft Control lever. For detailed
operating instructions, see section – “OPERATION”
External hydraulics control lever (13)
For detailed operating instructions, see section 4.5.2.
Sensitivity Control knob (14)
The Sensitivity Control knob, when rotated regulates the hydraulic oil flow to give smoother response
to the draft signals while using the soil engaging implements. For details, see section D.
Flow Control knob (15)
This is used to control the rate of drop of the lower links. For operating instructions, see section D.
Operator’s seat adjustment levers (16, 17, 18)
For details, see further in this section.
Parking brake lever (20)
Parking brake is used to lock the tractor rear wheels for parking and/or stationary operation. To
engage the parking brake, latch the service brakes together and press them down. Then pull the
hand lever up.
To release the parking brake, press the service brake pedals down, then press the button on the end
of the lever and push the lever down.
Position of gear selection levers.
Shuttle lever
Reduction lever
Main gear lever
Range lever
Reduction lever (21)
The range lever is used to select high (H), medium (M) or low (L) gear train. The shift pattern is
placed on the top of the lever knob. Select the range according to the load and speed requirement.
When shifting, the clutch pedal must be pressed.
Main gear lever (22)
The main gear lever is used to select the gearbox ratio and has four positions. The shift pattern is
placed on the top of the lever knob. All gearbox ratios are of synchromesh type and enable shifting
of gear while in motion. When shifting, the clutch pedal must be pressed.
22
Range lever (23)
The range lever is used to select road (H) or field (L) gear train. The shift pattern is placed on the
top of the lever knob. When shifting, the clutch pedal must be pressed.
Shuttle lever (24-Fig. 3.1)
The shift pattern is given on the top of the lever knob. The lever has three positions:
Forwards,
 F
Neutral,
 Centre
R
Rearwards.

WARNING:
!
1. The shuttle control is linked to the safety start switch. Set the shuttle lever
in the center position before operating the starter switch key.
2. There is a lock provided
between the shuttle lever and the clutch
mechanism. Whenever the shuttle lever is operated always stop the tractor
and press the clutch pedal, otherwise the shuttle control mechanism may get
damaged.
Compressor engage lever
Compressor is fitted with clutch. To disengage clutch operate lever on compressor back side (2-fig.
5.13.1) downwards.
PTO 540E engagement lever
In case of need of operation with PTO high rotation (540E) implements, shift forward the lever placed
above PTO shaft end (10 - Fig. 4.6.2).
!
WARNING:
Shift the PTO 540E lever only at PTO clutch (6) disengaged and PTO lever at neutral
position (7)
3.3. Tractor cabin.
The safety type cab (Fig. 3.3) protects the operator against adverse weather conditions and serious
injuries in case of the tractor overturning. The cab has two doors which can be blocked in open
position.
Ventilation of the cab interior is possible through deflectable side and rear windows, roof hatch and
forced air circulation.
The window panes are made of a safety type glass. The R.H. side door is opened by means of key.
To open, insert the key, turn it through 90, remove the key and press the button. The other door is
locked by means of latch located at the bottom of the lock.
To open the roof hatch (12), push the handles on the hatch upwards (6).
The opening angle of the hatch is maintained automatically due to the action of two damper. In
emergency, when leaving the cab through the door is impossible, the hatch can be used as
emergency exit. To open it fully, push sharply on the handle to disengage the dampers from their
sockets.
Standard equipment of the cab comprises:

air filter (4),

wipers of windscreen (3) and rear window (15)),

windscreen washer,

adjustable side mirrors (2),

Internal lamp (9),

sun visor (11),
23

heating system (heated air is directed through the deflectable vents (N) or to the windscreen
and/or to the operator’s legs),
 ventilation (blow of fresh air through vents (10),
 front and rear work lamps (1 - 2 pcs. at the front and 2 pcs. at the rear of the cab roof).
Optionally, radio (8) and loudspeakers (13) can be fitted.
Fig. 3.3 Tractor cab.
3.3.1. Switches in the cab roof.
To engage and control function of ventilation blower and air condition (optional), rear window wipers
as well as roof lamps there is applies Control Panel located in top left hand side of the cabin.
Functions of the panel are listed in chapter “Cabin control panel”.
24
Cabin control panel
Rys. 5.3.2. Control elements on cabin panel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Roof left flasher lamp switch on key
Rear roof work lamps switch on key
Rear window wiper switch on key
Display function modification –time, temperature at cabin bottom, temperature at cabin top,
battery voltage, clock settings*
Multifunctional display
Air condition blower regulator and switch on key – 3 stage, to increase blowing push button
several times
Hot air blower switch on key (optional)
Roof right flasher lamp switch on key (optional)
Front roof work lamps switch on key
Rear window wiper switch off key
–
–
Cab internal lamp switch on key
Air condition blower regulator and switch off key – 3 stage, to reduce blowing push button
several times
Air condition switch on key(optional)
* In order to set the clock push button 4 and hold for over 5 seconds, until „LSEL” appears on display,
set hours using buttons 3 and 10 and minutes using 6 and 4, adequately forward or reverse. After
setting is completed push button 4 again.
3.4. Operator’s seat adjustments.
The operator’s seat can be adjusted as follows (Fig. 3.2):
 for its distance from the steering wheel (17),
 for height (18),
 for its suspension stiffness (16).
To adjust its distance from the steering wheel, disengage the rack from the rail by means of lever
17, slide the seat forwards or backwards to the desired position, and then release the lever to lock the
seat in position.
To adjust the seat for height (35mm), turn the knob 18 clockwise or counterclockwise, thus lifting
or lowering the seat.
To adjust the seat for the suspension stiffness, to comply with the operator’s weight (within the
range of 60 to 120 kg), turn the articulated knob to obtain the desired seat stiffness.
The seat belt should be secured to the holes situated at both sides of the seat.
25
4. OPERATION.
4.1. Tractor running in.
Your new tractor will provide long and dependable service if given proper care during the first 50
hours running in period and if serviced at the recommended intervals. Therefore, the following
precaution should be taken during the running-in period:
 after reaching the operating temperatures, engage the tractor in work which will load the engine
as near as possible to full load conditions,
 avoid prolonged operation without a load on engine,
 avoid overloading of the engine. Operating in too high gear under heavy load may cause
excessive engine overloading. Overloading occurs when the engine will not respond to a throttle
increase,
 to ensure proper clutch life, during the first 15 hours of operation keep careful watch on the
clutch pedal free travel. If its decrease is found, adjust it immediately,
 frequently and regularly check the tightness of all external bolts, nuts. This is especially true of
wheel retaining bolts/nuts,
 check the instruments frequently and keep the radiator and various oil reservoirs filled to the
recommended levels.
After first 50 hours of operation, i.e. when the running in period is completed, first technical
inspection should be carried out according to the list given in the Periodic Maintenance Chart
– see Table 4, Section 5.1.
4.2. Starting and stopping the engine.
Before starting
Prior to daily start-up of the tractor, carry out the Daily Maintenance as described in Periodic
Maintenance Chart (every 10 hours of operation) and particularly:
 make sure all safety shields are in place and secured properly,
 check coolant and engine oil levels and replenish as necessary,
 check the tension of belts and adjust as required,
 ensure the grill and the radiator are clear of debris to provide adequate engine cooling,
 switch on the earth switch (Fig. 4.2) (Cab version),
 check operation of clutch, brake and throttle controls. All controls must operate freely and be
adjusted correctly,
 carry out general inspection of tyres, tyre pressure and wheel nuts/bolts tightness. Observe for
external signs of leakage and correct before operating the tractor,
 ensure that there is sufficient fuel in the tank and the fuel tap is open.
 check operation of lights and warning flashers. If tractor is to be driven on public roads, ensure
the mirrors and slow moving vehicle emblem are in place,
 make sure the brake pedals are latched together and apply the parking brake
 make sure the main gear lever and range lever are in neutral position,
 set the hydraulic lift levers in “DOWN-LOWERING” position and the PTO selector lever is in
neutral position
NOTE:
Tractor is fitted with safety switch device. Only the range lever center position enables
engine starting. In any other range lever position the safety start switch automatically
disconnects the starter motor.
NOTE:
The control levers of upper and lower couplers of the external hydraulics, when moved
to operating position, will be kept there by the lock. To release the lever, move it by
hand to the neutral position.
26
WARNING:
!
WARNING:
Do not leave this lever s in operating position, front or reverse, if not needed,
otherwise the hydraulic pump may get damaged.
Start the tractor only from the operator’s seat
!
Starting the engine
Normal starting procedure (at the ambient temperatures above 5C)
To start the engine, proceed as follows:
 set the hand throttle lever to half-open position,
 turn the starter switch key (10 – Fig. 3.1.) fully to the START position to engage the starter
motor,
 release the key the moment the engine starts, allowing it to return to the AUXILIARY position,
 release the clutch pedal slowly and adjust the engine speed control to get an even idle speed.
NOTE:
Do not crank the motor for more than 5 seconds. Allow the starter to cool (at least 30
seconds) between intervals of cranking.
Cold weather starting procedure (at ambient temperatures below 5C)
In such case the flame plug must be used.
 set the hand throttle lever to fully open position,
 prior to cranking the engine, turn the key to the HEAT position, and hold it there for 20 to 30
seconds. Then turn the key clockwise to the START position. When the engine starts, return the
key again to the HEAT position, and hold it there till the engine operates evenly,
 when the engine starts release the key, allowing it to return to the “AUXILIARY” position.
If the engine fails to start after several attempts, bleed the fuel system as described in Section
5.3.2. and check the operation of glow plug.
Fig. 4.2. Earth switch and battery
1- Earth switch. 2- Battery.
3-Battery access bolt.
3
Stopping the engine
Stopping the engine immediately after it has been working under load can result in over heating and
accelerated wear of the engine components.
NOTE:
If the engine has been operating at high rpm and/or high loads, run at low idle for at
least three minutes to reduce and stabilize internal engine temperature before
stopping the engine.
Avoiding hot engine shutdowns will maximize turbocharger shaft and bearing life.
27
4.3. Driving the tractor.
After starting the engine:
 depress the clutch pedal, then select the desired speed range, gear and direction gear,
 release the parking brake lever,
 increase the engine speed slowly and simultaneously release the clutch pedal slowly,
 release the clutch pedal fully and slowly operate the throttle until desired engine speed is
reached.
Selecting the correct gear
Select the gear which will give the best fuel consumption without overloading the engine or
transmission. Also remember that ground conditions in the same field may vary almost every few
meters, therefore select the gear in which the engine will operate satisfactorily at about three-quarters
of its maximum power.
Never work the tractor by slipping and re-engaging the clutch and at all times avoid riding the clutch
pedal which can cause overheating, and will lead to clutch failure.
WARNING:
!
1. Avoid pressing the clutch pedal all the time.
2. Do not move the gear lever, the range selector lever, unless the clutch pedal is
pressed, when the tractor is moving.
3. Never move down on slopes with the tractor in gear and the clutch disengaged.
4. For road work, take hand throttle to minimum position and use the foot throttle only.
5. When tractor is towed, the engine must run (due to hydrostatic steering system) and
the gear lever place in neutral position.
Recommendations aimed at tractor operating efficiency and fuel saving.
1. Match the attached implement size so that the engine could operate at over 75% of its power.
2. Avoid unnecessary tractor idling and reduce the time spent on headland turns and travels to the
field.
3. Use correct tyre pressure for a given work.
4. Use the ballast weights reasonably.
5. Match the trailer load capacity correctly and utilize it to the highest extent possible.
6. For field transport make use of single axle trailer preferably.
7. Make use of Draft Control for controlling the working depth of mounted soil engaging implement
to the highest extent
8. Look after the efficiency of the fuel system and carry out the maintenance and adjustments as
stated in this book.
9. Use recommended fuels and lubricants only.
Towing
Before towing the tractor, move the PTO lever, the range selector lever and the main gear lever into
neutral. The tractor must be towed at safe speed using a rigid drawbar.
WARNING:
!
When the engine is stopped the hydraulic power assistance to the steering does not
operate. The tractor can then be steered manually. In this situation the tractor must
moved slowly with extreme caution.
Braking system
WARNING:
!
1. Before driving on the road, always latch the brake pedals together.
2. Independent braking may only be used to assist turning on headlands of a
tractor with mounted implements.
3. When the tractor is operated for stationary work, even if only for short periods
always engage the parking brake
28
When attaching a trailer, or trailed machines to the tractor, ensure that the trailer air braking system
is connected.
To connect the trailer braking system to the tractor braking system, proceed as follows:
 engage the parking brake (this will cause the air pressure in the hose drop down to the
atmospheric pressure,
 couple the trailer and tractor air couplers,
 release the parking brake.
WARNING:
!
Never start towing of a trailer with the air pressure gauge pointer in red zone. Allow
time for the compressor to fill the air reservoir. Insufficient air pressure in the
system is then also indicated by air pressure drop warning light which illuminates
red.
Front drive axle
The drive to the front wheels is transmitted from the drop box by the drive shaft, crown wheel and
pinion and differential mechanism to the front axle final reduction units. As a standard equipment the
“limited slip” type of differential is fitted (self-locking).
WARNING:
!
Operation in four wheel drive is intended for field work only. Do not use the tractor in
four wheel drive on roads or dry land.
Rear differential lock
If during the field work one of the rear wheels starts to slip (there is a small difference in rotational
speed) engage the differential lock by pressing the differential lock pedal down firmly,
In case one of the wheels is slipping significantly (there is considerable difference in rotational speed)
proceed as follows:
 fully depress the clutch pedal,
 engage the differential lock by pressing its pedal down,
 release the clutch pedal slowly, while maintaining foot pressure on the differential lock pedal.
To disengage the differential lock release the pedal. If the lock fails to disengage, steer slightly to
either left or right or depress for a moment one of the brake pedals (independent).
WARNING:
!
1. Do not attempt to engage the differential lock with one wheel spinning fast and the
other stopped.
2. Do not attempt to turn with the differential lock engaged.
4.4 Power take-off (PTO).
Power take-off shaft is placed in the rear axle housing and it’s end rotates to the right (from rear of
the tractor), diameter 35 mm with 6 splines as per PN-77/R-36101 standard with ring groove for
safety attachment of the driven implement telescopic-articulated shaft.
PTO shaft is covered with the PTO guard (4 - Fig.4.6.2).
NOTE:
1. After attaching mounted implement carefully raise and lower it using Position Control
lever. Check clearance and the drive shaft slide range/articulation.
2. When attaching trailed implements ensure the drawbar is correctly set.
3. Check all four wheels when carrying out stationary PTO work.
29
WARNING:
!
Before operating the tractor with PTO driven implements, familiarize yourself with
the safety precautions given below and strictly observe them:
1. Before connecting, disconnecting, cleaning or adjusting the PTO driven
implements, disengage the PTO drive, stop the engine, remove the key, apply
the hand brake and make sure that the PTO drive line has stopped.
2. Do not operate the PTO driven implements without the master shield fitted.
3. Make certain the implement drive shaft is securely locked on the tractor PTO
shaft before starting the engine.
4. After locking the drive shaft on the tractor PTO shaft, attach the drive shaft guard
safety chains to the master shields.
5. Fit the removable cap when the PTO drive line is not in use.
Operating the PTO
To obtain 540 rpm at the PTO:
 set the engine speed to 1938 rpm,
 set the PTO clutch switch 31 (Fig 3.1) to disengaged position (PTO drive warning lamp is on)
 bring the PTO selector lever 7 (Fig.3.2) to engaged position by pulling it up,
 set the PTO clutch switch 31 (Fig 3.1) to engaged position (PTO drive warning lamp is off)
NOTE:
Set the PTO clutch switch to disengaged position (PTO drive warning lamp is on)
while shifting the PTO selector lever to engaged or neutral position.
When connecting the drive shaft to the tractor and to the implement, this should be carried out strictly
in accordance with the drive shaft or implement manufacturer operating instructions.
If PTO driven implements is attached to the drawbar, then the drawbar should be set to the position
which ensures that the horizontal distance between the end of the PTO shaft and the pin hole in the
end of the drawbar is at least 400 mm.
WARNING:
!
WARNING:
!
To avoid inadvertent movement of the implement, keep the PTO selector lever in
neutral after each use.
Keep the PTO shaft in engage position (PTO drive warning lamp is off) irrespectively
of the PTO selector lever.
Before select PTO speed switch off PTO drive .
To select PTO speed move the PTO selector lever (7 – Fig. 3.3). There are three positions as shown
on sticker beside the lever:
1 - independent PTO engaged
Independent
2 - neutral
N
3 - ground PTO engaged
Ground
Before shifting the lever to engage position set the PTO clutch switch 31 (Fig 3.1) to disengaged
position (PTO drive warning lamp is on).
When shifting the lever to the ground PTO engaged, there is obtained PTO speed depending on
tractor speed.
Independent PTO drive means that the PTO shaft rotates proportionally to engine rotation. There is
possibility to select two speeds: 540 rpm and 540E.
30
If required to drive implements of different PTO speed (540E), select forward position of the lever (10
Fig. 5.13.2) placed above PTO shaft end. When 540E PTO is engaged the yellow indication light
illuminates on the pulpit (27-Fig. 3.1.1).
With the lever on 540E position, PTO shaft end rotation is 721 rpm at rated engine speed i.e. 2200
rpm.
!
WARNING:
When 540E PTO is engaged don’t use implements adapted to low PTO rotation to
avoid damage of the implement and danger
4.5. Tractor hydraulic system.
Your tractor is equipped with a hydraulic system providing accurate and sensitive control over a wide
range of operating conditions.
This system provides the following functions:
Draft Control – is most suitable for mounted soil engaging implements. Changes in the working
depth or soil resistance cause the draft loading on the implement to increase or decrease. This
change in draft loading is sensed through the top link of the three-point linkage and the hydraulic
system responds by raising or lowering the implement to restore the draft loading. In this way a
uniform draft load is maintained on the implement.
Position Control – provides accurate and sensitive control of implements such as sprayers, rakes,
mowers etc., that operate above the ground. Position control would not normally be used with soil
engaging implements unless it is essential to maintain a constant position of the equipment
regardless of the draft load.
Sensitivity Control – provides smoother response to draft signals while using soil engaging
implements.
Flow Control – is provided to control the rate of drop of the lower links and for locking of the lower
links in raised (transport) position.
External hydraulics control – is provided to control the external equipment that requires hydraulic
power for its operation, such as trailer tipping, loader operation, hydraulic motor drive, etc.
4.5.1. Hydraulic lift system.
Control levers (Fig. 3.2)

Draft Control lever 12 (next to the seat) – yellow knob, is used to adjust the draft i.e. working
depth,
 Position Control lever 11 (next to the mudguard) – red knob, is used to adjust the
position/height of the implement and lets you lift or lower the implement,
 Sensitivity Control knob 14,
 Flow Control knob 15.
The Position and Draft Control levers are used in conjunction to raise or lower the three-point
linkage (and implement) to the required height and adjust the working depth.
In order to operate the three-point linkage, the external hydraulics control lever must be kept
in neutral position.
WARNING:
!
1. Do not transport or attach implement when the hydraulic system is in Draft
Control. Use Position Control for these operations only.
2. Always lower the implement to the ground before stopping the engine.
Draft control operation
Move the Draft Control lever in the sector to find the point near the center where the lift links neither
raise nor lower. This is the neutral point.
31
Lower the implement into work using the Draft Control lever. Push the lever forwards to increase the
draft loading. Pull rearwards to reduce the draft loading. In most circumstances the forwards
movement of the Draft Control lever will increase implement depth and rearwards movement will
reduce the depth.
Once set, the tractor hydraulic system will automatically adjust the implement depth to maintain an
even pull on the tractor and so reduce wheel slip to a minimum.
When lowering the implement into work, push the draft control lever down to the bottom of the
quadrant to ensure positive engagement of the implement in the ground, then immediately raise the
draft control lever until the required implement depth is achieved.
NOTE:
When operating in Draft Control, the Position Control lever should normally be at the
bottom of the sector gear. However, the Position Control lever may be used in conjunction
with Draft Control to limit the maximum depth of correction with achievement of more
even depth of cultivation in fields with widely varying soil conditions.
When grading and back-filling with light equipment, such as rear blade, it may be desirable to prevent
the blade from “diving”. This is accomplished by using the Position Control lever in conjunction with
the Draft Control lever. See “Draft Control operation with Position Control” on this page.
Position control operation
Set the required implement height/depth using the Position Control lever. Pull the lever back to raise
the implement, push forward to lower. The implement height/depth is relative to the position of the
lever in the quadrant.
NOTE:
1. When operating in Position Control the Draft Control lever should be pushed down
to the bottom of the quadrant.
2. When transporting equipment on the three-point linkage use the Flow Control knob
to lock the position of raised implement. This will prevent accidental movement of
the control lever which could result the equipment to lower
Draft control operation with position control
Position Control may be used together with the draft control as follows:
Set the Position Control lever at the maximum desired implement depth. The hydraulic system will
not lower the implement below this depth. This will also prevent “diving” which may be encountered
with light equipment, such as a rear blade, when grading or back-filling.
Adjust the Draft Control lever for the maximum required draft load (pull).
The hydraulic lift system will now provide normal draft response within the range set by the position
control. This adjustment provides a more uniform depth while maintaining an even pull in widely
varying soil conditions.
Flow and sensitivity control (fig. 3.2)
Your tractor is equipped with hydraulic Flow and Sensitivity Control mechanism., operated by two
knobs provided on the platform area. The Sensitivity Control knob 14 when rotated regulates the
hydraulic oil flow to give smoother response to draft signals while using soil engaging implements.
When setting the Draft Control lever, the Sensitivity Control knob 14 should be opened by rotating it
in clockwise direction. In case any vibrations are experienced on the mounted implement, gradually
rotate the knob anti-clockwise until the vibrations are arrested.
The Flow Control knob 15 is provided to control the rate of drop of the lower links by regulating the
flow of hydraulic oil. When the knob is fully tightened by rotating it in clockwise direction to an
extreme, the lower links can be locked in the raised position and will not lower even if Draft or
32
Position levers are lowered. While transporting attachments, this locking system should be used. The
rate of flow of oil is infinitely variable between the extreme positions of the knob.
4.5.2. External hydraulics control.
The external hydraulic valves controls the oil flow to the hydraulic equipment found on farm
machinery, namely: single- and double-acting ram cylinders and hydraulic motors.
NOTE:
It is important that the components are checked correctly before the machine or
implement is attached to or operated by the tractor, otherwise damage to the system
may result.
External hydraulic valves are located under the cab platform and connected through piping system to
quick-release couplers at the rear of the tractor (1 – Fig. 5.14.2)
The external hydraulic system is fitted with three spool valves with 6 quick-release couplers.
System is controlled with a three levers (13-Fig. 3.2). Depending on joystick position the pressure
appears on relevant coupler.
Levers A and B have there service positions (Fig. 4;4.2)..
Lever A is fitted with detent which locks the lever in front or rear service position.
Levers C has four service positions. Front, last – floating position is also fitted with detent which
locks the lever at this position.
The lock position of spool valve is designed to supply another hydraulic distributor or hydraulic
motor.
To release the lever from locked position, must be manually moved. In other position, the lever
when released, automatically returns to the neutral position.
Rys. 4.4.1 Pressure layout on external hydraulics
quick-couplers.
Qick
coupler
label
Qick
coupler
label
Pressure at
lower left quickcoupler, return
at lower right
quick-coupler
Pressure at
centre left
quick-coupler,
return at centre
right quickcoupler
Pressure at uper
left quickcoupler, return
at uper right
quick-coupler
- Floating position
- Neutral position
33
Pressure at
lower right
quick-coupler,
return at lower
left quickcoupler
Pressure at
centre right
quick-coupler,
return at centre
left quickcoupler
Pressure at uper
right quickcoupler, return
at uper left
quick-coupler
Rys. 4.4.2 External hydraulic control levers.
WARNING:
!
WARNING:
!
Do not leave hydraulic control levers in lock service position unless needed, to avoid
hydraulic pump damage.
Leaking fluid under pressure can penetrate the skin causing serious injury. Avoid the
hazard by relieving pressure before disconnecting hydraulic lines. Tighten all
connections before applying pressure. Search for leaks with a piece of cardboard.
Protect hands and body from high pressure fluids. If an accident occurs, see a doctor
immediately or gangrene may result.
To operate external hydraulic valves, connect the remote cylinder feed hose to the lift coupler after
removing the dust cap. Ensure that the hose is properly seated. The return hose from the doubleacting cylinder must also be connected to the drop coupler.
WARNING:
!
NOTE:
Before connecting or disconnecting hydraulic hoses at the remote couplers, stop the
engine and relieve the pressure in the circuit by moving the joystick fully forward, fully
rearward, side ways and then to neutral position.
Before connecting remote cylinder hoses, thoroughly clean the connections to prevent
oil contamination. Remote cylinders are operated by oil drawn from the tractor
transmission system. Therefore, always check and replenish the transmission system
oil after remote cylinder equipment has been connected and cycled a few times
If hoses are accidentally disconnected from the tractor during use, clean tip and coupler recepta cles.
Hoses can be reinstalled as previously described with minimal loss of oil.
WARNING:
!
Make sure that the oil level in the gearbox is not below the minimum level. Take
special care when cleaning the hydraulic unit on the implement/equipment so as not
pollute the oil in the transmission housing.
4.6. Equipment attaching on three-point linkage.
The tractor hydraulic lift system with three-point linkage (see Fig. 4.6.1 and 4.6.3) facilitates control of
implements and machines from operator’s place.
The three-point linkage consists of following elements:
1. Top link (1) it is fitted with locking sleeve and lever to adjust the length of the link. It can be
attached to one of three openings in top link rocker (2). When transporting the tractor, hook the
link over the lug.
2. Lower links (6 and 7).
34
3. Lift rods, right (5) and left (4) attached lower links with lift arms. Both lift rods length is adjusted by
means of rotary handles. To turn the handle pull it upwards to unlock.
4. Stabilizer bars protect implements of excessive lateral movement. The external bars are
adjustable with means of a sleeve nut (8) locking with check nut (9).
5. Quick couplers of lower links and top link are designed to attach implements to three point
linkage.
Attaching implement to the three-point linkage










shift the upper transport hitch to top position (1 - Fig. 4.6.2),
remove the drawbar (5 - Fig. 4.6.2) after putting out pins (11 - Fig. 4.6.2),
move back the tractor to the implement aligning the ends of lower links (12, 13 - Fig. 4.6) with the
implement hitch pins,
put ball joint sleeves on implement hitch pins to attach the implement to tractor lower links,
using the Position Control lever (11 - Fig. 3.2.), raise the lower links to the position in which
implement hitch pins join tractor lower links quick couplers,
make sure the self-locking latch of quick couplers blocked the ball joints on implement hitch pins,
apply the parking brake,
level the implement in horizontal plane by changing length of lift rods. There are two methods of
rods mounting to lower links – setting the head and pin washer horizontally (Fig. 4.6.3), which
ensure non shifting connection of lift rod to lower link or setting the head and pin washer vertically
(Fig. 4.6.4), which ensure fluid height adjustment of lift rod due to which implement position is
adopted to tractor in horizontal plane,
depending on the implement, attach the top link (2 - Fig. 4.6.1) to a selected hole of the lift rocker
and then to the implement cross shaft adjusting its length as necessary,
- lower hole – light implements – Hydraulic system is more sensitive to load changes
- upper hole – heavy implements – Hydraulic system is less sensitive to load changes
adjust the stabilizer bars for side swing (Fig. 4.6.1),
To lengthen or shorten the stabilizers use tube nut (8 - Fig. 4.6.1) with handle.
After setting length of both stabilizers secure the nut with lock nut (9 - Fig. 4.6.1).
Make sure the stabilizers have the same length.
In transport position stabilizers length should be set as they not to be strained.
When operating with plough implement the length of stabilizers should be set such as side
mowing did not exceed 125 mm at end of each lower link.
NOTE:
When attaching mounted or semi mounted equipment to the three-point linkage, or
when coupling trailed equipment to the drawbar, ensure that there is adequate
clearance between the implement and the tractor. The clearance in the raised position
should be checked by raising the implement carefully in Position Control. Check the
swing clearance by performing a series of left and right hand turns with the tractor and
implement combination.
WARNING:
Do not transport or attach the implement when the hydraulic system is in Draft Control.
Always use Position Control for these operations.
!
Detaching the implement
 select level and firm ground to detach the implement and lower the implement to the ground,
 apply the parking brake and stop the engine,
 ensure all hydraulic pressure is relieved,
 turn the leveling lever control to level the implement with the ground, if needed,
 support the implement so that it will not tip or fall when detached from the tractor,
 detach the top link and lower links from the implement frame.
WARNING:
Never tow implements attaching to the hydraulic lift rocker
35
Fig. 4.6.1. Three-point linkage
1- Top link, 2- Top link rocker, 3- Quick coupler , 4L.H. lift rod, 5- R. H. lift rod, 6- L.H. lower link, 7R.H lower link, 8- External stabilizer tube nuts, 9External stabilizer lock nuts.
Fig. 4.6.2. Hitches
1- Upper hitch, 2- Upper hitch pin, 3- Upper hitch
adjustment lever, 4- PTO shaft cup, 5- Lower
transportation hitch, 6- Lower hitch lock, 7- Lower
hitch lock pin, 8- Lower hitch attaching pin, 9Tractor drawbar, 10- Tractor drawbar pin, 11Drawbar attaching pins, 12- Upper hitch locking pins,
13- Upper hitch adjustment lever lock button.
A
B
Fig. 4.6.3. Lift rods attachment non shifting to lower
links – pin head and washer set horizontally
A
B
Fig. 4.6.4. Lift rods attachment shifting to lower links
– pin head and washer set vertically
4.7. Attaching trailed machines and implements.
Apart from the three-point hitch (Fig 4.6.1), the machines and implements can be attached to:
 upper transportation hitch movable,
 tractor drawbar,
 lower hitch (fixed).
Upper transportation hitch (1 - Fig. 4.6.2) – is used for hitching a two-axle trailers.
The hitch is movable in vertical plane. To change the hitch position, push the hitch adjustment lever
lock button (13 - Fig. 4.6.2) and pull the adjustment lever (3 - Fig. 4.6.2) upwards to move out lock
36
pins from slide ways holes (12 - Fig. 4.6.2). With the same lever shift the hitch for required height and
put down the lever to let the pins enter holes in slide ways and lock the hitch at required height.
Tractor drawbar (9 - Fig. 4.6.2) – is used for hitching trailed single-axle machines and implements.
Lower transportation hitch (5 - Fig. 4.6.2) – is used for hitching single-axle trailers and implements
with 50 mm dia. hitch-ring. To attach a trailer put up and move backwards hitch lock (6 - Fig. 4.6.2)
then put the lock and secure with pin (7 - Fig. 4.6.2).
4.8. Tractor weighing.
For maximum performance in heavy draft conditions weight should be added to the tractor in the form cast iron
weights. Front-end ballast may be required for stability and steering control when weight is transferred from the
front to the rear wheels as the implement is raised by the tractor three-point linkage.
Weighing limitations
Additional weights can be applied:
 to front weight carrier - 6 wafer weights of 22 kg each (6 x 22 = 132 kg), central tow hook of 40 kg
can be dismounted in case of front axle unload need – installation of front loader.
 to rear wheels – 2 rear wheel weights of 39 kg each and 4 additional weights of 32 kg each (2 x 39
+ 4 x 32 = 206 kg).
WARNING:
!
Take special care when carry and assembly rear wheel weights and front weight carrier,
due to it’s high weight – should be done by two persons.
37
5. MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENT.
5.1. Periodic maintenance chart.
Dry air cleaner dust collector
X
X
Radiator coolant level
X
Radiator matrix and oil cooler
X
X
Water in air reservoir (if fitted)
X
Air compressor V-belt (during first 30 hours)
Dry air cleaner outer element
First 50
hours
Drain
Remove
Hours
X
Adjust
Replenish
Engine oil level
Change
Every 10
Lubricate
Service requirements
Clean
Hours of
operation
Check
Table 4
Engine oil and oil filter
Fuel filter(s)
Radiator coolant level
Low idle engine speed
Dry air cleaner outer element
Air compressor (if fitted) and fan V-belts
tension)
Clutch pedal free travel
Transmission and rear axle oil level
Hydraulic oil filters
Front drive axle oil including final reduction
units
Front drive axle oil breather
Braking system (including foot brake valve)
Tightness of trailer air braking system (if fitted)
Operation of electrical equipment
Battery electrolyte level and concentration
Lubrication acc. to the Grease Points Chart.
Leakage of oil and coolant (after road test)
Tightness of external threaded connections
(wheels, manifolds, cab, ballast weights, 3point linkage etc.)
Condition of tyres and pressures
X
X
X
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
Every 50
Fuel filter(s)
Hours
Battery electrolyte level and concentration
Condition of tyres and pressures
Every 150
Hours
Dry air cleaner outer element
Transmission and rear axle oil level
X
X
X
Front drive axle oil including final reduction units
X
X
X
38
X
X
X
X
X
X
Air compressor (if fitted) and fan V-belts
tension)
X
X
Lubrication acc. to the Grease Points Chart.
Clutch pedal free travel
Tightness of external threaded connections
(wheels, manifolds, cab, ballast weights, 3-point
linkage etc.)
Cabin air cleaner element
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Every 300
Hydraulic oil filter
Hours
Braking system adjustment
V-belts tension
A
A
Tightness of trailer air braking system (if fitted)
A
A
A
connections
A
A
A
A
Every 600
Tightness of external threaded
(manifolds, cab, 3-point linkage)
Dry air cleaner outer element
Hours
Engine oil and oil filter
A
X
Fuel filter element
Radiator coolant
X
X
X
Fuel system breathing
Front wheels toe in
Condition of all lines (fuel, hydraulic, electric) and
tightness
Starter motor pinion
X
A
X
A
A
A
A
A
Every1200 Transmission and rear axle oil level
Front drive axle oil including final reduction units
Hours
or every
year
Fuel tank and air reservoir (if fitted)
Cooling system
X
X
X
A
X
X
A
Alternator brushes
NOTE
Carry out maintenance every specified number of operation hours
- it means, that carrying out maintenance after 300 hours of operation, also should be carried
out maintenance after 10 and 50 hours of operation etc.
- A – maintenance to be carry out by Authorized Service Shop
5.2. Lubrication.
5.2.1. Oils.
Following lubricating grades of oil are applicable in Farmtrac tractors:
Table 5
Oil kind
Recomended oil grade
Engine oil
- TEXACO URSA SUPER TD
Oil sump
15W-40
- STATOIL EuroWay 15W-40
- STATOIL TurboMaxWay 15W-40
Transmission oil TEXACO Super Uniwersal
Tractor Oil 15W-30
Application
Rear axle
Transmission
Hydraulic lift
Reduction gears
TEXACO Geartex EP-C 80W- Front axle
90
Front reduction gears
39
Oil level
Between marks on dipstick
Between marks on dipstick in
rear axle for all systems
To reduction gear hole lower
edge
5.2.2. Greases.
In the FARMTRAC tractor grease is applied by hand or using grease gun in
Greasing points are shown in Table No. 6.
NOTE:
grease fittings.
Clean the grease gun and grease point nipple, before and after lubrication.
Number of
grease points
Table 6
Lubricate every
hours of
operation
1x2
1x2
1x2
2
1
2
2
150
150
150
150
150
150
150
Grease point
Front wheel hubs
Rear wheel hubs
Front axle king pins
Front axle pivot pin
Clutch pedal pivot
Brake pedal pivot
Brake & clutch pedal pivot (Cab)
Three-point linkage: threading elements
Greasing
method
by hand
grease gun
grease gun
grease gun
grease gun
grease gun
grease gun
by hand
150
5.2.3 . Reservoir filling.
Keep oil and grease in tight and clean containers.
Table 7
Liquid kind
Engine oil
Transmission oil
Coolant
Diesel fuel
Wind screen spray
Application
Oil sump
Capacity in liters
10,5
Transmission, Rear axle,
Hydraulic lift
Front axle
Front axle reduction units
Cooling system
Fuel tank
Wind screen spray container
45
5,5
2x0,7
17
98
1,5
Clean control & filler plugs and area around before oil / coolant level check. Check and replace, if
necessary, plug seals.
Fill fuel tank using thick strainer funnel with relevant fuel according to ambient temperature.
Fill radiator with antifreeze coolant available on the market.
Liquid top levels are shown in table No. 7.
5.3. Engine.
5.3.1. Engine lubrication system.
Engine oil and filter change
Check the engine oil level every 10 hours of operation, or daily. Before checking the oil level, stop the
engine and wait for a short period to allow the oil to drain back into the sump (tractor must be on level
ground). Check the oil level by means of the dipstick (1-Fig. 5.3.2). If necessary, remove the filler plug
and top up with fresh oil to the upper mark on the dipstick. Do not overfill.
Change the engine oil and oil filter as specified in table 4.
To change the oil, proceed as follows:
Warm the engine to operating temperature. Stop the engine, remove the drain plugs on oil sump both
sides (6-Fig. 5.3.2 and 3-Fig. 5.3.3), and collect the oil in a suitable container. Unscrew and discard
the oil filter (4-Fig. 5.3.2),. Clean the area around the filter. Smear clean engine oil around the rubber
40
seal of a new filter and install on the tractor. Screw up until the faces just meet, then tighten a further
3/4 of a turn. Do not overtighten.
Replace the drain plug, remove the filler plug, and refill the engine with clean oil. Replace the filler
plug.
Run the engine for a minute or so, to circulate the oil, then stop the engine. Wait for a short period to
allow the oil to drain back to sump, then check the oil level by means of the dipstick.
Add clean oil, as necessary, until the oil reaches the upper mark on the dipstick.
Fig. 5.3.2. Engine L.H. side. 1- Injection pump.
2-Starter motor. 3- Hydraulic pump. 4- Engine oil filter.
5- Dipstick. 6- Drain plug on engine L.H. side. 7-Fuel
filler cup.
WARNING:
Fig. 5.3.3. Engine L.H. side.
1- Turbo charger.
2- Pressure regulator. 3- Drain plug on engine
R.H. side. 4- Alternator. 5- Air compressor.
Don’t mix different kinds of engine oil.
!
5.3.2. Fuel system.
Keep fuel system clean. It is recommended to clean fuel tank once a year. Fill the tank with clean
diesel fuel. Don’t empty fuel tank completely.
Fuel filter maintenance
Remove water and impurities from filter every 50 hours of operation (2-Fig. 5.3.4).
To remove water and impurities from the fuel filter, loosen the drain plugs (3 - Fig. 5.3.4) at the bottom
of the fuel filter to allow the water/fuel to drain into a suitable container. Additionally tractor is fitted
with fuel separator (7-Fig. 5.3.4). Drain the separator when water and impurities accumulates inside
by loosing the drain plugs (3 - Fig. 5.3.4).
Every 600 hours of operation change the element of the fuel filter (2-Fig. 5.3.4).
To replace the fuel filter canister:
 thoroughly clean the outside surface of the fuel filter assembly,
 loosen the drain nut at the bottom of the filter and allow the water/fuel to drain into a suitable
container,
 use a strap wrench or similar tool to loosen the filter canister and remove the canister,
 lubricate lightly the two top seals 2 and 3 of the new canister with clean fuel. Fit the new canister
to the filter head and tighten, by hand only,
 eliminate the air from the fuel filter, see “Bleeding the fuel system” in this section.
41
Bleeding the fuel system
If air enters the fuel system, it must be removed before the engine can be started.
Air can enter in to the system if:
 the fuel tank is drained during normal operation,
 the low-pressure fuel pipes are disconnected,
 a part of the low-pressure fuel system leaks during engine operation.
There is generally no need to bleed FT685 and FT690 tractor fuel system as the electrical fuel lift
pump can solve the problem.
If it is however required to vent the fuel system, loose fuel injectors nuts and and operate the starter
motor until fuel is forced out from the pipes, then tighten the union nuts. When fuel free of air
bubbles flows out tighten the ends and clean up of fuel.
Fig. 5.3.4. Fuel system. 1-Fuel injection pump.
2- Fuel Filter. 3- Drain plug. 4- Electrical fuel feed
pump. 5- Water Separator.
5.3.3. Dry air cleaner.
Dry air cleaner maintenance.
Remove any accumulated dust from the dry air cleaner dust collector every 10 hours of operation, or
daily in extremely dusty conditions (Fig. 5.3.6);
Clean the outer element every 50 hours of operation, or whenever the air cleaner warning light on the
instrument panel comes on.
To clean the outer element:
 remove the Cleaner cover (4 - Fig. 5.3.6) by releasing 3 latches (2 - Fig. 5.3.6) and carefully slide
the element (6 - Fig. 5.3.6) out the filter housing,
 clean the element by hand. Do not beat the element against a hard surface as the element may
be damaged or distorted,
 alternatively, compressed air not exceeding 2 kg/cm² may be used. Insert the air line nozzle
inside the element and blow the dust from the inside to the outside. Keep the nozzle at a safe
distance from the element. Blow loose particles from the outside of the element by holding the
nozzle at least 150 mm from the element,
 clean the inside of the air cleaner housing with a damp lint-free cloth,
 reinstall the outer element ensuring that the rubber sealing ring on the end is secure.
Every 600 hours of operation replace the outer element
Replace the inner element every three changes of outer element.
NOTE:
Never attempt to clean the inner element. It must be replaced.
42
Fig. 5.3.6. Dry air cleaner. 1-Filter housing. 2Latches. 3- Dust collector . 4- Cover. 5- Inner
element. 6- Outer element.
Fig. 5.3.7. Radiator drain tap.
5.3.4. Cooling system.
Check the radiator coolant level every 10 hours of operation, or daily.
With the engine cold, remove the radiator filler cap and check that the coolant level is with the
bottom of the filler neck. Top up, as necessary.
Clean the radiator matrix and oil cooler every 10 hours of operation, or daily. by blowing compressed
air from the rear of the radiator.
Every year or every 1200 hours of operation clean cooling system and change coolant.
In order to drain and refill the cooling system, precede as follows:
 ensure that the tractor is on level ground,
 remove the radiator filler cap,
 open the tap (Fig. 5.3.7) at the bottom of the radiator in order to drain the radiator,
 close the drain taps,
 refill the system with a relevant fresh coolant to the correct level,
 operate the engine and then recheck the coolant level and top up as necessary.
5.3.5. Engine cylinder head.
Valve clearance adjustment.
Check the valve clearances every 1000 hours of operation and after each cylinder head removal.
To check/adjust the valve clearances, proceed as follows:
 remove the cylinder head cover,
 the clearances are checked between the top of the valve stem and rocker lever (Fig. E17) by
means of feeler gauge. The correct clearances on cold engine are:
- inlet valve: 0,20 mm
- exhaust valve: 0,45 mm
 The sequence of valves from No. 1 cylinder is shown in the table below:
Cylinder and
valve number
Valve
I = Inlet E = Exhaust
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
I
E
I
E
I
E
I
E
NOTE: No. 1 cylinder is at the front of engine.
 if adjustment is needed:
- loosen the lock nut and adjust the clearance by turning the adjusting screw on the valve rocker,
- retighten the lock nut while keeping the adjusting screw in position,
- recheck the valve clearance,
43




to check/adjust the clearance of No. 1 cylinder valves rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction
until the inlet valve 7 of No. 4 cylinder has just opened and the exhaust valve 8 of the same
cylinder has closed completely,
set the valves 3 and 4 of No. 2 cylinder as indicated above for No. 4 cylinder. Then check/adjust
the clearances of the valves 5 and 6 of No. 3 cylinder,
set the valve 1 and 2 of No. 1 cylinder as indicated above for No. 4 cylinder. Then check/adjust
the valves 7 and 8 of No. 4 cylinder.
set the valves 5 and 6 of No. 3 cylinder. Then check/adjust the valve 3 and 4 of No. 2 cylinder.
5.4. Electrical system.
The electrical system is connected to battery after earth switch is switched on (1-Fig. 4.2).
WARNING:
!








To avoid damage to the alternator charging system, observe following service
precautions:
NEVER make or break any of the charging circuit connections, including the
battery, when the engine is running.
Washing tractor, be careful and don’t let water enter into the alternator and
starter motor.
NEVER short any of the charging components to earth.
ALWAYS disconnect the battery earth terminal when installing or removing the
alternator.
DO NOT use a slave battery of higher then 12 volts nominal voltage.
ALWAYS disconnect the battery earth cable when charging the battery in the
tractor using a battery charger.
ALWAYS observe correct polarity when installing a battery or using a slave
battery to jump-start the engine.
ALWAYS disconnect the battery earth cable before carrying out arc welding on
the tractor or on any implement attached to the tractor.
Fig. 5.4. V-belts.
1-Compressor V-belt. 2 - Alternator V-belt. 3 Compressor. 4 - Alternator. 5 - Fan protection cover..
6- Fan V-belt.
5.4.1 Alternator maintenance.
Check the fan/alternator V-belt tension every 150 hours of operation. (Fig. 5.4).
The correct belt deflection is 8 mm, with the belt depressed (with a force of about 25N).
If adjustment is required:
 loosen the pivot fasteners of the alternator and the adjustment link fasteners,
44


change the position of the alternator to give the correct tension. Tighten the pivot fasteners of the
alternator and the adjustment link fasteners (to 22 Nm),
check the belt tension again to ensure that it is still correct. If a new belt is fitted, the belt tension
must be checked again after the first 20 hours of operation.
5.4.2. Starter motor maintenance.
Push clutch pedal during engine starting to reduce starter motor load.
If the starter motor fails, have it repaired at specialized service.
WARNING:
!
Don’t start the starter motor when engine is on which may cause the motor damage.
Don’t crank the engine longer than 5 second and next crank can be made after 30
seconds.
5.4.3. Battery maintenance.
The battery (2-Fig.4.2) is mounted on the R.H. side under the cab step. To gain access to the battery,
remove the nut (3-Fig. 5.4.2) securing the shelf and deflect the shelf with the battery.
Check the electrolyte level every 50 hours of operation. The electrolyte level in each cell should be
10  15 mm above the top of separator plates and can be measured with glass tube. If necessary,
replenish each cell with distilled water to the required level.
When conventional battery is fitted, periodic inspection of electrolyte level and concentration is
required.
At regular intervals, clean the battery terminals and cable ends, then smear them with petroleum
jelly. Keep the battery top clean.
To ensure proper battery performance, check also at regular intervals the electrolyte concentration
so that the battery charge level could be defined.
If the battery is found discharged to 50 %, or more, it should be recharged until a signs of full battery
charge are evident (intensive gas emission) and the electrolyte concentration.
NOTE:
In some territories maintenance free batteries are fitted on tractors. Follow the
manufacturer’s maintenance instructions.
WARNING:
1. During servicing be utmost careful when in contact with sulphuric acid (pour
acid into water) to prevent contamination of the body, clothing or other objects. If
such contamination occurs, immediately flush the contaminated spot with water
liberally and neutralize with 2,5% solution of borax and water. The electrolyte
should be prepared using protective clothing and glasses.
2. Do not approach the battery with an open fire and avoid situations leading to
short-circuit or “flashing” as explosion is likely to occur.
!
5.4.4. Spot lights adjustment.
Regarding the safety of road traffic the front headlights adjustment should be executed in authorized
service depot.
5.4.5. Bulb and fuse - replacement.
Be sure of correct power of installed bulb. Disconnect the main earth switch before bulb change.
NOTE:
Do not replace blown fuse with another of a different capacity
The fuses are placed in a box located under the instrument panel. Remove the plastic cover to gain
access to the fuses.
Fuses location in fuse box is specified in table No. 8 .Table No. 9 describes bulbs specification.
45
Table 8
Fuse location in fuse box
12
11
10
13
Fuse No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
9
8
7
14
6
15
5
4
3
2
1
16
Electric circuit
Capacity
Headlights (main beam)
Headlights (dipped beam)
Marker lights
Fuel supply control device
Glow plugs relay
Front air blower
Indicator lights
Stop lights, gauges and warning lamps
Horn, windscreen wiper and washer
Blower (in the roof), rear window wiper, illumination of switches, 7 pin
socket
Work lamps
Work lamps
Relays of main and dipped beam
Flame / Glow* plug
Hazard warning lights, cab lighting, radio
Work lamps
15A
15A
15A
10A
10A
10A
10A
10A
10A
25A
25A
25 A
25 A
15 A
25A
25A
Work lamps
* 80 A capacity fuse is located in separate box .
Application
Headlights (main and dipped beam)
Front and rear work lamps
Front marker lights
Rear marker lights and stop lights
Flashing indicators (front and rear)
Number plate illumination
Cab lighting
Illumination of instrument panel gauges
andarning / indicator lights
Bulb indication
H4 12V 60/55 W
H3 12V 55W
12V 5W
12V 5/21W
12V 21W
12V 5W
12V C5W
Table 9
Nos. per tractor
2
8
2
2
4
1
1
12V 1,2 WBC
14
5.5. Hydrostatic steering system.
Hydrostatic steering system has an common oil system with tractor hydraulic system. Replace
hydraulic oil filters (Fig. 5.9.2/ 5.9.3) every 300 hours of operation (see chapter 5.9).
46
5.6. Front axle.
Lubrication
Every 150 hours of operation grease front axle pivot pins (4-Fig. 5.6) and king pins (5-Fig. 5.6) grease
points.
Check the oil level in the front final drive housing (3-Fig. 5.6) and clean the breather (2-Fig. 5.6) of
the final drive housing every 150 hours of operation.
To check, remove the filler / level plug (3-Fig. 5.6). The oil should reach the edge of level hole.
To clean the oil breather, remove it, clean in fuel oil and allow it to dry. Tighten it to a torque of 10 Nm.
Check the oil level in the epicyclic reduction units of front drive axle every 150 hours of operation.
To check, set the wheel hub with the filler/level, drain plug (6-Fig. 5.6) in horizontal position as
indicated by the line (7-Fig. 5.6) and remove the plug. The oil level should reach the hole level.
Replace the oil in the front final drive housing every 1200 hours of operation or once a year,
whichever occurs first.
To replace, proceed as follows (6, 7-Fig. 5.6):
 set the plug in its upper position and then loosen it to release possible internal pressure,
 set the plug in its lowest position and remove it,
 after draining the oil, set the plug in horizontal position as indicated by the line and fill the
system with a fresh oil of recommended grade up to the level of the plug hole. For capacity, see
Table 7.
 fit the plug and tighten to a torque of 80 Nm.
A
B
C
Fig. 5.6. Front drive axle.
1- Oil drain plug., 2- Breather,
3- Filler / level plug, 4- Front axle
pivot pin greasing points, 5- King
pin grease points (2 pcs. on each side
of tractor, 6- Filler / level plug in
wheel hub, 7- Oil level line in wheel
hub.
D
E
47
5.7. Wheels.
5.7.1. Front wheel track adjustment.
Fig. 5.71. Front wheel track
1460
1460 mm
mm
1560mm
1560 mm
1660mm
1660 mm
1760mm
1760 mm
1860mm
1860
mm
The different track widths are obtained by altering the position of the rim in relation to the disc and/or
of the disc in relation to the reduction unit flange as well as by reversing the wheels and
interchanging them.
NOTE:
If the wheels are reversed, they must be transferred to the opposite side of the tractor so as to
maintain the correct tyre tread direction.
NOTE:
After wheel tracks change check the front wheel nuts tightening and adjust front wheel
toe-in.
When refitting or adjusting front wheel, tighten the nuts/bolts progressively to the following torque:
 rim to disc – 144 Nm,
 disc to axle hub – 300  360 Nm.
5.7.2. Front wheels toe-in.
Toe-in measurement and adjustment .
Check and adjust the front wheel toe-in every 600 hours of operation and after every change in the
track setting and when excessive tyre wear is noticed.
To adjust front drive axle toe-in:
 dismount the track rod,
 loosen the lock nut of track rod at each track rod end,
 shorten or lengthen the track rod by track rod ends rotating. Adjustment must be made equally
to both track rod ends,
 refit the track rod to the front axle and tighten the lock nuts, to the torque of 140 Nm,
 recheck the toe-in and adjust, if necessary.
Fig. 5.7.2. Front drive axle toe-in adjustment
48
395 mm
5.7.3. Rear wheel track adjustment.
Rear wheel track adjustment is effected by changing the position of the wheel rim in relation to the
disc and/or of the disc in relation to the axle hub as well as by reversing the wheels and
interchanging them. There are six possible settings (Fig. 5.7.5).
NOTE:
If the wheels are reversed, they must be transferred to the opposite sides of the
tractor so as to maintain the correct direction of the tyre tread.
When refitting or adjusting a wheel, tighten the nuts/bolts progressively to the following torque:
 rim to disc – 244 Nm,
 disc to axle hub – 300  360 Nm.
WARNING: Recheck after driving the tractor 200 m and then twice at 10 hour interval. If heavy
work is involved, check twice at 2 hour interval until torque is held according to the
values as given above.
!
1508 mm
1592 mm
1702 mm
1795 mm
1908 mm
Fig. 5.7.5 Rear wheel track
5.7.4. Tyres use & maintenance.
Check tyre inflation pressure every 10 hours of operation or daily before starting work.
WARNING: These rules, if followed carefully, will ensure maximum tyre life:
 Apply recommended tyre pressures, check that the tyre pressures are correct for
the particular operation to be performed. In certain conditions the pressures may be
lowered, particularly where the loads are light or the soil is very humid, resulting in
the tyre tread failing to self clean. If the tyre pressures are reduced, have someone
observe the tractor. Do not exceed 20 km/h on the road, if the tyre pressures have
been lowered for ploughing.
 Keep oil grease and strong alkaline or acid fertilizers away from the tyres to prevent
deterioration of the rubber.
 re-vulcanized any small sidewall, or thread splits or cuts, as soon after they occur
as possible. This extends the life of the tyre.
 Tyre inflation pressure at one axle wheels must be equal.
!
49
5.7.5. Wheel bearings greasing.
Every 150 hours of operation grease rear wheel bearing (Fig. 5.7.7) .
Fig. 5.7.6. Rear wheel bearing grease point.
5.8. Clutch.
Every 150 hours of operation grease:
a) with grease,
- reverse pivot sleeves (Fig. 5.8.) – upper sleeve is accessible after opened tractor
bonnet and lower sleeve is accessible after removed steering column LHS cover
b) with grease-maintaining agent - clutch linkage attachment pivot in clutch pedal lever fork
Fig. 5.8. Reverse pivot sleeves grease point.
Check and adjust, if necessary, the free travel of transmission clutch pedal every 150 hours of
operation.
 loosen the locknut and remove the split pin and clevis pin,
 turn the clevis to lengthen or shorten the operation rod, as required,
 secure the clevis pin with a new split pin and tighten the locknut.
With correct lever setting, clutch pedal free travel is 2535 mm.
5.9. Transmission & rear axle maintenance.
Every 50 hours of operation check and replenish if necessary transmission & rear axle oil. When
controlling oil level, park tractor on level ground.
50
Rys. 5.9.1. Rear axle /
transmission oil drain plug..
Rys. 5.9.2. Hydraulic oil filter
primary.
Rys. 5.9.3. Hydraulic oil filter
secondary.
Replace hydraulic oil filter primary (Fig. 5.9.2) and secondary (Fig. 5.9.3) every 300 hours of
operation. Transmission & rear axle oil should be replaced every 1200 hours of operation or once a
year short time after stopping the engine. To drain the oil remove drain plug at the bottom of rear axle
(Fig. 5.9.1) and wait for a moment to allow the oil to drain to a suitable container, replace plugs after
oil has completely drained.
Refill the rear axle with clean oil through the filler plug with dipstick at R.H. side of rear axle center
housing (6-Fig. 5.14.2). After refilling, oil should reach level between top and bottom mark on the
dipstick.
WARNING:
Don’t mix different kinds of engine oil.
!
5.10. Three-point linkage.
Grease every 150 hours of operation, lift rods greasing fittings as shown on Fig. 5.14.2.
Threading joints grease every 300 hours of operation.
5.11. Cab and operator’s seat.
Clean the cab air filter every 150 hours of operation. Clean every 10 hours or daily if operated in
heavy dust conditions.
To remove and clean the air filter, proceed as follows (4-Fig. 3.4):
 unscrew two bolts securing the grille to the roof,
 pull the filter out,
 clean the filter element by blowing on the filter element with compressed air at a pressure not
exceeding 0,7 MPa and keeping the nozzle at a reasonable distance from the element. The air
stream should be directed opposite to this of air flow in normal operation,
 before refitting the filter element, wipe out its compartment with a damp cloth to remove the
remaining dust particles,
 refit the filter element correctly to ensure proper air flow and tightness,
 refit the filter guard.
If the filter element is moist and the above cleaning procedure gives no satisfactory results, wash it
in warm (about 30 C) solution of water and non-foaming detergent for automatic washing machine.
Soak the element in solution for about 10 minutes and then agitate the element in solution to help
remove the dirt. Ensure the element is rinsed thoroughly in clean water, then shake off water and
allow 12 hours for the filter to dry. After drying inspect the element for holes or tears by looking
through it towards a bright light and particularly check for damaged gasket.
Do not wash the filter element more than 10 times.
Do not direct the water jet onto the cab air filter, when washing the tractor.
Grease elements of operator’s seat suspension; every 300 hours of operation.
51
5.12. Braking system.
Rys. 5.12. Service break adjustment.
1- Brake pedal lever, 2 – Brake pump push rod fork, 3 Locknut, 4 - Brake pump push rod.
5.12.1. Service break adjustment.
Check the brakes operation every day.
Pedal correct free travel should be 20 - 25 mm.
If the free travel is out of the limits, as given above, or the braking performance of wheels is uneven,
adjust the brakes by screwing the brake pump push rod fork in or out (Fig. 5.12)
To adjust the brakes, proceed as follows :









chock the front wheels,
release the parking brake,
unlatch the brake pedals,
remove the instrument panel cover,
unlock the locknut (3-Fig. 5.12),
adjust by turning push rod (4-Fig. 5.12) in brake pump fork (3-Fig. 5.12) so that there is a free
travel at the pedal of 20 to 25 mm,
lock the locknut (3-Fig. 5.12),
repeat the procedure for the other side brake,
if the adjustment range does not permit obtaining correct adjustment, adjust the length of
operating rods of the system,
5.12.2. Parking brake.
Parking brake adjustment should follow the service brake adjustment.
If correctly adjusted, the parking brake should act securely, when the ratchet pawl is snapped in the
third to fifth recess on the rack, counting from the lowest position.
Adjust the parking brake as follows:
 latch the brake pedals,
 place the parking brake lever in its lowest position,
 slacken the pull rod locknut, each side,
 shorten the pull rods by turning the adjusting nuts as far as possible and without interfering the
free travel of the brake pedals,
 retighten the lock nuts,
 check the brake for correct adjustment. After engaging the parking brake, the air pressure at he
air coupler should drop to atmospheric pressure,
 road test the tractor with the brakes latched and check the parking brake for pulling to one side.
Lock the brake pedals together and road test to ensure that the brakes are balanced and will stop the
tractor in a straight line. If the tractor pulls to one side, adjust until the brakes are correctly balanced.
52
5.13. Air braking system.
Tractor air braking system is used for actuating the trailer air brakes and for tyre inflating. Tractor
system is adapted to control trailer with single or double-line trailer air braking system. It is fitted with
trailer control valve. The system contains of Air compressor (Fig. 5.14.2), Pressure regulating valve
(Fig. 5.14.3), Air reservoir (Fig. 5.14.1), coupling for connection to trailer air braking system (3 - Fig.
5.14.4).
Air braking system is shown at Fig. 5.13.
WARNING:
!
1. Never start towing of a trailer with the air pressure gauge showing
pressure below 0,4  0,04 MPa.
2. Stop towing of a trailer with air braking system if the air pressure warning
light illuminates.
Air compressor
The energy (compressed air) source for trailer air braking system is a piston one cylinder compressor
Ø65 mm bore and 76 cm3 displacement operate on 800 to 3000 rpm and obtain a capacity of max 85
l/min.
The air compressor is equipped with a special type of valves enabling the pressure to be self stabilized. This means that the pressure in the air reservoir is maintained constant due to the
compressor delivery stopping at a definite pressure.
The compressor maintains a pressure ranging between 1.1 and 1.4 MPa in the system, from the
compressor to the pressure regulating valve.
The air compressor is driven by V-belt from the engine crankshaft pulley, operating on 800 to 3000
rpm and obtain a capacity of max 85 l/min.
There is provided a clutch on the air compressor to save energy when drive without trailer.
To disengaging the drive move the lever at the rear of the compressor (2-Fig. 5.14.1).
The compressor is pressure lubricated with the engine oil from the engine lubrication system.
The lamp on instrument panel (17-Fig. 3.1) illuminates when air pressure inside the trailer air
braking system falls below 0,4  0,04 MPa and the pressure gauge (4-Fig. 3.1) informs about the
current in the air container.
Avoid to contact the V-belt to oil and grease.
Renew the belt if it is worn. If contaminated with oil or grease, wash it using water and soap.
Check the air compressor V-belt tension every 150 hours of operation.
New belt will “bed in” and may require adjustment after ten hours service. Check the tension of a
new belt every 10 hours or daily within first 30 hours of operation.
The correct belt deflection is 8 mm.
If adjustment is required:

loosen the bolts securing the air compressor bracket to the engine block,

move the air compressor bracket up, until correct V-belt tension is achieved,

tighten the bolts securing the bracket and re-check the tension.
Fig. 5.13. Diagram of air
system. 1 - Air compressor.
2 - Pressure regulating valve.
3 - Air reservoir. 4 - Drain valve.
5 - Air pressure gauge. 6 - Air
pressure sensor. 7 - Air pressure
drop warning light. 8 –Trailer
braking valve. 9 – Parking brake
valve. 10 - Trailer braking control
valve. 11 - Equalizing valve.
12 - Coupling valve.
13 - Coupling valve red.
14 - Coupling valve yellow .
53
Fig. 5.14.1 Air compressor
1-Compressor, 2- Engage
lever, 3-Compressor V-belt
pulley, 4-Compressor
bracket.
Fig. 5.14.2 Rear of the tractor
1- Quick couplers (see description in 4.5.2). 2- Seven
pin socket. 3- Coupler of single line trailer air braking
system. 5- Hydraulic lift rocker. 6- Transmission oil
filler plug with dipstick. 8- Coupler of supply triple
line trailer air braking system, 9- Coupler of control
triple line trailer air braking system, 10 - PTO 540E
selector lever. 11 - PTO 540E engage sensor
S- Arrows indicate grease points.
Fig. 5.14.3. Air Pressure
regulating valve. 5-Air
regulating valve. 7Safety valve. 8-Tyre
inflating valve.
Air reservoir
The capacity of the air reservoir is 15 liters. The air reservoir ensures the compressed air supply to
the trailer air braking system. It prevents rapid pressure drop in the system when the trailer air
brakes are used frequently.
After 1200 hours of operation or after two years of operation, and then every 1000 hours or once a
year clean the reservoir thoroughly with detergents and blow through with hot air.
At every tractor inspection ensure that the air compressor is firmly secured.
A defective reservoir (cracks, indents, etc.) should be replaced by a new one immediately.
Any kind of the air reservoir repair is not permitted
Drain water from the air reservoir every 10 hours of operation or daily by pushing drain valve at
bottom of the reservoir.
Pressure regulating valve with safety valve
The pressure is compressed to the air container through the valve. The valve reduces the air pressure
maintained by the compressor to p e=0,8±0,02 and Δpe=0,06±00,4 MPa. The pressure regulating valve is
fitted with a tyre inflating valve and a safety valve which limits the maximum air pressure inside the
tractor pneumatic installation for braking the trailers (Fig. 5.14.3).
To inflate the tractor or trailer tyres, first reduce pressure in air system to 0,3 MPa (stop the engine
and drop air by the drain valve from the air reservoir) and connect the valve to the wheel inflation
valve with a rubber hose and with the engine running, inflate tyres to the prescribed pressure. The
valve is located on front lower edge of cab on tractor R.H. side (beside main earth switch).
No periodical servicing of this pressure regulating valve is necessary. Inspections and adjustments
can be made by a specialized service only.
54
Equalizing device
The equalizing device (which is at the same time the foot of R.H. side brake pedal) is used for leveling
the R.H. and L.H. pedal plates of the main brake (two pedals latched together).
Neither servicing nor adjustment of this device is necessary.
Trailer braking control valve
The foot brake valve (which is at the same time the foot of R.H. side pedal) is used to operate the
trailer brakes.
The trailer braking force is proportional to the pressure exerted on the brake pedal. Pressing on the
pedal causes the compressed air supply to the trailer to be progressively cut off and thus braking
the trailer. The air escapes through the valve.
Adjust the foot brake valve every 250 hours of operation by setting correct length of the valve
linkages.
The adjustment of the foot brake valve must always follow the adjustment of tractor brakes.
Parking brake valve
The valve is connected by pull rod with the parking brake lever. When engaging the parking brake,
the hand brake valve is operated (a hissing sound of the air escaping from the valve should be
heard). If the hand brake valve is out of operation (no hissing sound) shorten the pull rod which
connects the valve with the parking brake lever.
Coupling valve
The pneumatic system of the tractor and trailer can be coupled by means of this valve which is
standard design.
Connecting the trailer and tractor air braking system
The tractor is fitted with three couplings (3, 8, 9 - Fig. 5.14.2.):
white – to couple single line trailer air braking system,
red – to supply triple line trailer air braking system,
yellow – to control triple line trailer air braking system.
All couplings are fitted with automatic valves to cut off tractor air braking system after disconnected of trailer
coupling. The couplings are accordant to ISO standard.
To couple the trailer and tractor air braking system, equalize air pressure in tractor system with
ambient pressure (by engaging the parking brake) and after connecting hose couplers release the
parking brake. Tractor and trailer braking should be at the same time. Couple also trailer electrical
system to the tractor seven pin socket (2 - Fig. 5.14.4).
5.14. Hydraulic lift.
Hydraulic lift is supplied with oil from tractor transmission system.
Grease lift rocker solid grease.
Bleeding Hydraulic lift system:
- check transmission system oil level before bleeding, replenish if required,
- start the engine, move slowly distributor lever from “raising” to “lowering” position –
without loading three point linkage,
- don’t load hydraulic lift with implements for several minutes.
55
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement