Yamaha 2007 Virago 250 Owner's manual

Yamaha 2007 Virago 250 Owner's manual
OWNER’S MANUAL
XV250W1(C)
LIT-11626-20-26
2UJ-28199-1F
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EAU10041
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INTRODUCTION
EAU10080
Congratulations on your purchase of the Yamaha XV250W1(C). This model is the result of Yamaha’s vast experience in the
production of fine sporting, touring, and pacesetting racing machines. It represents the high degree of craftsmanship and
reliability that have made Yamaha a leader in these fields.
This manual will give you an understanding of the operation, inspection, and basic maintenance of this motorcycle. If you
have any questions concerning the operation or maintenance of your motorcycle, please consult a Yamaha dealer.
The design and manufacture of this Yamaha motorcycle fully comply with the emissions standards for clean air applicable at
the date of manufacture. Yamaha has met these standards without reducing the performance or economy of operation of the
motorcycle. To maintain these high standards, it is important that you and your Yamaha dealer pay close attention to the
recommended maintenance schedules and operating instructions contained within this manual.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10131
Particularly important information is distinguished in this manual by the following notations:
The Safety Alert Symbol means ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS
INVOLVED!
WARNING
Failure to follow WARNING instructions could result in severe injury or death to the
motorcycle operator, a bystander or a person inspecting or repairing the motorcycle.
CAUTION:
A CAUTION indicates special precautions that must be taken to avoid damage to
the motorcycle.
NOTE:
A NOTE provides key information to make procedures easier or clearer.
NOTE:
● This manual should be considered a permanent part of this motorcycle and should remain with it even if the motorcycle
is subsequently sold.
● Yamaha continually seeks advancements in product design and quality. Therefore, while this manual contains the most
current product information available at the time of printing, there may be minor discrepancies between your motorcycle
and this manual. If you have any questions concerning this manual, please consult your Yamaha dealer.
EWA10010
WARNING
PLEASE READ THIS MANUAL AND THE “YOU AND YOUR MOTORCYCLE: RIDING TIPS” BOOKLET CAREFULLY
AND COMPLETELY BEFORE OPERATING THIS MOTORCYCLE. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OPERATE THIS MOTORCYCLE UNTIL YOU HAVE ATTAINED ADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE OF ITS CONTROLS AND OPERATING FEATURES
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
AND UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN TRAINED IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING TECHNIQUES. REGULAR INSPECTIONS
AND CAREFUL MAINTENANCE, ALONG WITH GOOD RIDING SKILLS, WILL ENSURE THAT YOU SAFELY ENJOY
THE CAPABILITIES AND THE RELIABILITY OF THIS MOTORCYCLE.
*Product and specifications are subject to change without notice.
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IMPORTANT MANUAL INFORMATION
EAU10192
AFFIX DEALER
LABEL HERE
XV250W1(C)
OWNER’S MANUAL
©2006 by Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
1st edition, May 2006
All rights reserved.
Any reprinting or unauthorized use
without the written permission of
Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
is expressly prohibited.
Printed in Japan.
P/N LIT-11626-20-26
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION ..................1-1
Location of important labels ...........1-5
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS ............. 4-1
Pre-operation check list ................. 4-2
DESCRIPTION ..................................2-1
Left view ..........................................2-1
Right view ........................................2-2
Controls and instruments ................2-3
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT
RIDING POINTS ................................ 5-1
Starting and warming up a cold
engine ......................................... 5-1
Starting a warm engine .................. 5-2
Shifting ........................................... 5-2
Engine break-in .............................. 5-4
Parking ........................................... 5-4
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL
FUNCTIONS .......................................3-1
Main switch .....................................3-1
Indicator lights ................................3-1
Speedometer unit ...........................3-2
Handlebar switches ........................3-2
Clutch lever ....................................3-3
Shift pedal ......................................3-4
Brake lever .....................................3-4
Brake pedal ....................................3-4
Fuel tank cap ..................................3-5
Fuel ................................................3-5
Fuel cock ........................................3-6
Starter (choke) lever .......................3-7
Steering lock ...................................3-8
Rider seat .......................................3-8
Helmet holder .................................3-9
Adjusting the shock absorber
assemblies ..................................3-9
Sidestand .....................................3-10
Ignition circuit cut-off system ........3-11
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND
MINOR REPAIR................................. 6-1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE .......... 6-1
Owner’s tool kit .............................. 6-1
Periodic maintenance chart for the
emission control system ............. 6-3
General maintenance and
lubrication chart .......................... 6-4
Removing and installing the
panel ........................................... 6-8
Checking the spark plugs .............. 6-8
Canister (for California only) ........ 6-10
Engine oil and oil filter element .... 6-10
Cleaning the air filter element ...... 6-13
Carburetor .................................... 6-14
Checking the throttle cable
free play .................................... 6-15
Valve clearance ........................... 6-15
Tires ............................................. 6-15
Spoke wheels ............................... 6-17
Accessories and replacement
parts .......................................... 6-17
Adjusting the clutch lever
free play .................................... 6-18
Adjusting the brake lever
free play .................................... 6-19
Adjusting the brake pedal position
and free play ............................. 6-20
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch ........................................ 6-21
Checking the front brake pads
and rear brake shoes ................ 6-21
Checking the front brake fluid
level .......................................... 6-22
Changing the brake fluid .............. 6-23
Drive chain slack .......................... 6-23
Cleaning and lubricating the
drive chain ................................ 6-25
Checking and lubricating the
cables ....................................... 6-26
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable ............... 6-26
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals ............... 6-27
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers ............. 6-27
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand .................................. 6-27
Lubricating the swingarm pivots ... 6-28
Checking the front fork ................. 6-28
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Checking the steering ...................6-29
Checking the wheel bearings .......6-29
Battery ..........................................6-30
Replacing the fuses ......................6-31
Replacing the headlight bulb ........6-32
Replacing the tail/brake light
bulb ...........................................6-33
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb ...........................................6-34
Supporting the motorcycle ............6-35
Front wheel ...................................6-35
Rear wheel ...................................6-37
Troubleshooting ............................6-39
Troubleshooting chart ...................6-40
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND
STORAGE ..........................................7-1
Care ................................................7-1
Storage ...........................................7-3
SPECIFICATIONS .............................8-1
CONSUMER INFORMATION.............9-1
Identification numbers ....................9-1
Reporting safety defects .................9-3
Motorcycle noise regulation ............9-4
Maintenance record ........................9-5
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION,
U.S.A. STREET AND ENDURO
MOTORCYCLE LIMITED
WARRANTY ................................9-7
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE
(Y.E.S.) ....................................... 9-9
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SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU10251
MOTORCYCLES
ARE
SINGLE
TRACK VEHICLES. THEIR SAFE USE
AND OPERATION ARE DEPENDENT
UPON THE USE OF PROPER RIDING
TECHNIQUES AS WELL AS THE EXPERTISE OF THE OPERATOR. EVERY OPERATOR SHOULD KNOW
THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS
BEFORE RIDING THIS MOTORCYCLE.
HE OR SHE SHOULD:
● OBTAIN THOROUGH INSTRUCTIONS FROM A COMPETENT
SOURCE ON ALL ASPECTS OF
MOTORCYCLE OPERATION.
● OBSERVE THE WARNINGS AND
MAINTENANCE
REQUIREMENTS IN THE OWNER’S MANUAL.
● OBTAIN QUALIFIED TRAINING
IN SAFE AND PROPER RIDING
TECHNIQUES.
● OBTAIN PROFESSIONAL TECHNICAL SERVICE AS INDICATED
BY THE OWNER’S MANUAL
AND/OR WHEN MADE NECESSARY BY MECHANICAL CONDITIONS.
●
Safe riding
● Always
make
pre-operation
checks. Careful checks may help
prevent an accident.
● This motorcycle is designed to carry the operator and a passenger.
● The failure of motorists to detect
and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the predominating cause of
automobile/motorcycle accidents.
Many accidents have been caused
by an automobile driver who did
not see the motorcycle. Making
yourself conspicuous appears to
be very effective in reducing the
chance of this type of accident.
Therefore:
• Wear a brightly colored jacket.
• Use extra caution when approaching and passing through
intersections, since intersections are the most likely places
for motorcycle accidents to occur.
1-1
●
• Ride where other motorists can
see you. Avoid riding in another
motorist’s blind spot.
Many motorcycle accidents involve inexperienced operators. In
fact, many operators who have
been involved in accidents do not
even have a current motorcycle license.
• Make sure that you are qualified
and that you only lend your
motorcycle to other qualified operators.
• Know your skills and limits.
Staying within your limits may
help you to avoid an accident.
• We recommend that you practice riding your motorcycle
where there is no traffic until you
have become thoroughly familiar with the motorcycle and all of
its controls.
Many motorcycle accidents have
been caused by error of the motorcycle operator. A typical error
made by the operator is veering
1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
1
●
●
wide on a turn due to EXCESSIVE
SPEED or undercornering (insufficient lean angle for the speed).
• Always obey the speed limit and
never travel faster than warranted by road and traffic conditions.
• Always signal before turning or
changing lanes. Make sure that
other motorists can see you.
The posture of the operator and
passenger is important for proper
control.
• The operator should keep both
hands on the handlebar and
both feet on the operator footrests during operation to maintain control of the motorcycle.
• The passenger should always
hold onto the operator, seat
strap, or grab bar, if equipped,
with both hands and keep both
feet on the passenger footrests.
• Never carry a passenger unless
he or she can firmly place both
feet on the passenger footrests.
Never ride under the influence of
alcohol or other drugs.
●
This motorcycle is designed for onroad use only, therefore, it is not
suitable for off-road use.
●
Protective apparel
The majority of fatalities from motorcycle accidents are the result of head
injuries. The use of a safety helmet is
the single most critical factor in the prevention or reduction of head injuries.
● Always wear an approved helmet.
● Wear a face shield or goggles.
Wind in your unprotected eyes
could contribute to an impairment
of vision which could delay seeing
a hazard.
● The use of a jacket, heavy boots,
trousers, gloves, etc., is effective in
preventing or reducing abrasions
or lacerations.
● Never wear loose-fitting clothes,
otherwise they could catch on the
control levers, footrests, or wheels
and cause injury or an accident.
● Never touch the engine or exhaust
system during or after operation.
They become very hot and can
1-2
cause burns. Always wear protective clothing that covers your legs,
ankles, and feet.
Passengers should also observe
the precautions mentioned above.
Modifications
Modifications made to this motorcycle
not approved by Yamaha, or the removal of original equipment, may render the motorcycle unsafe for use and
may cause severe personal injury.
Modifications may also make your
motorcycle illegal to use.
Loading and accessories
Adding accessories or cargo to your
motorcycle can adversely affect stability and handling if the weight distribution
of the motorcycle is changed. To avoid
the possibility of an accident, use extreme caution when adding cargo or
accessories to your motorcycle. Use
extra care when riding a motorcycle
that has added cargo or accessories.
Here are some general guidelines to
follow if loading cargo or adding accessories to your motorcycle:
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SAFETY INFORMATION
Loading
The total weight of the operator, passenger, accessories and cargo must
not exceed the maximum load limit.
Maximum load:
195 kg (430 lb) (CAL)
196 kg (432 lb) (U49)
When loading within this weight limit,
keep the following in mind:
● Cargo and accessory weight
should be kept as low and close to
the motorcycle as possible. Make
sure to distribute the weight as
evenly as possible on both sides of
the motorcycle to minimize imbalance or instability.
● Shifting weights can create a sudden imbalance. Make sure that accessories and cargo are securely
attached to the motorcycle before
riding. Check accessory mounts
and cargo restraints frequently.
● Never attach any large or heavy
items to the handlebar, front fork,
or front fender. These items, including such cargo as sleeping
bags, duffel bags, or tents, can
create unstable handling or slow
steering response.
Accessories
Genuine Yamaha accessories have
been specifically designed for use on
this motorcycle. Since Yamaha cannot
test all other accessories that may be
available, you must personally be responsible for the proper selection, installation and use of non-Yamaha
accessories. Use extreme caution
when selecting and installing any accessories.
Keep the following guidelines in mind,
as well as those provided under “Loading” when mounting accessories.
● Never install accessories or carry
cargo that would impair the performance of your motorcycle. Carefully inspect the accessory before
using it to make sure that it does
not in any way reduce ground
clearance or cornering clearance,
1-3
limit suspension travel, steering
travel or control operation, or obscure lights or reflectors.
• Accessories fitted to the handlebar or the front fork area can
create instability due to improper
weight distribution or aerodynamic changes. If accessories
are added to the handlebar or
front fork area, they must be as
lightweight as possible and
should be kept to a minimum.
• Bulky or large accessories may
seriously affect the stability of
the motorcycle due to aerodynamic effects. Wind may attempt to lift the motorcycle, or
the motorcycle may become unstable in cross winds. These accessories may also cause
instability when passing or being
passed by large vehicles.
• Certain accessories can displace the operator from his or
her normal riding position. This
improper position limits the freedom of movement of the opera-
1
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SAFETY INFORMATION
1
●
tor and may limit control ability,
therefore, such accessories are
not recommended.
Use caution when adding electrical accessories. If electrical accessories exceed the capacity of the
motorcycle’s electrical system, an
electric failure could result, which
could cause a dangerous loss of
lights or engine power.
Gasoline and exhaust gas
● GASOLINE IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE:
• Always turn the engine off when
refueling.
• Take care not to spill any gasoline on the engine or exhaust
system when refueling.
• Never refuel while smoking or in
the vicinity of an open flame.
● Never start the engine or let it run
for any length of time in a closed
area. The exhaust fumes are poisonous and may cause loss of
consciousness and death within a
short time. Always operate your
motorcycle in an area that has adequate ventilation.
●
●
●
Always turn the engine off before
leaving the motorcycle unattended
and remove the key from the main
switch. When parking the motorcycle, note the following:
• The engine and exhaust system
may be hot, therefore, park the
motorcycle in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to touch these hot areas.
• Do not park the motorcycle on a
slope or soft ground, otherwise it
may fall over.
• Do not park the motorcycle near
a flammable source (e.g. a kerosene heater, or near an open
flame), otherwise it could catch
fire.
When transporting the motorcycle
in another vehicle, make sure that
it is kept upright and that the fuel
cock is turned to “ON” or “RES” (for
vacuum type) / “OFF” (for manual
type). If it should lean over, gasoline may leak out of the carburetor
or fuel tank.
If you should swallow any gasoline, inhale a lot of gasoline vapor,
or allow gasoline to get into your
1-4
eyes, see your doctor immediately.
If any gasoline spills on your skin
or clothing, immediately wash the
affected area with soap and water
and change your clothes.
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SAFETY INFORMATION
EAU10381
Location of important labels
Please read the following important labels carefully before operating this vehicle.
1
1-5
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SAFETY INFORMATION
1
1
4
California only
5
California only
2
3
Cold tire normal pressure should be set
as follows.
175
200
1.75
2.00
25
29
200
225
2.00
2.25
29
33
3CK-21668-A1
1-6
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10410
Left view
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9. Fuel cock (page 3-6)
10.Shift pedal (page 3-4)
Headlight (page 6-32)
Steering lock (page 3-8)
Fuel tank (page 3-5)
Battery (page 6-30)
Fuses (page 6-31)
Helmet holder (page 3-9)
Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-9)
Main switch (page 3-1)
2-1
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10420
Right view
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9. Shock absorber assembly spring preload adjusting ring (page 3-9)
Tail/brake light (page 6-33)
Rear turn signal lights (page 6-34)
Rider seat (page 3-8)
Air filter element (page 6-13)
Front turn signal/position lights (page 6-34)
Brake pedal (page 3-4)
Footrest
Owner’s tool kit (page 6-1)
2-2
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DESCRIPTION
EAU10430
Controls and instruments
2
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Clutch lever (page 3-3)
Left handlebar switches (page 3-2)
Speedometer unit (page 3-2)
Indicator lights (page 3-1)
Right handlebar switches (page 3-2)
Brake lever (page 3-4)
Throttle grip (page 6-15)
Fuel tank cap (page 3-5)
2-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU10450
Main switch
EAU10810
P (Parking)
The taillight and position lights are on,
but all other electrical systems are off.
The key can be removed.
The key must be pushed in from the
“OFF” position to be turned to “P”.
EAU10980
Indicator lights
ECA11020
CAUTION:
3
Do not use the parking position for
an extended length of time, otherwise the battery may discharge.
The main switch controls the ignition
and lighting systems. The various main
switch positions are described below.
1. High beam indicator light “HIGH BEAM”
2. Neutral indicator light “NEUTRAL”
3. Turn signal indicator light “TURN”
EAU11040
Turn signal indicator light “TURN”
This indicator light flashes when the
turn signal switch is pushed to the left or
right.
EAU10510
ON
All electrical systems are supplied with
power, and the headlight, meter lighting, taillight and position lights come
on, and the engine can be started. The
key cannot be removed.
EAU11070
Neutral indicator light “NEUTRAL”
This indicator light comes on when the
transmission is in the neutral position.
EAU10660
OFF
All electrical systems are off. The key
can be removed.
3-1
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU11090
High beam indicator light “HIGH
BEAM”
This indicator light comes on when the
high beam of the headlight is switched
on.
EAU11630
Speedometer unit
EAU12346
Handlebar switches
Left
3
1.
2.
3.
4.
Odometer
Tripmeter
Tripmeter reset knob
Speedometer
The speedometer unit is equipped with
a speedometer, an odometer and a
tripmeter. The speedometer shows
riding speed. The odometer shows the
total distance traveled. The tripmeter
shows the distance traveled since it
was last set to zero with the reset knob.
The tripmeter can be used to estimate
the distance that can be traveled with a
full tank of fuel. This information will enable you to plan future fuel stops.
3-2
1. Dimmer switch “LIGHTS”
2. Turn signal switch “TURN”
3. Horn switch “HORN”
Right
1. Engine stop switch “ENGINE STOP”
2. Start switch “START”
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12410
Dimmer switch “LIGHTS”
Set the switch to “HI” for the high beam
and to “LO” for the low beam.
ECA10050
EAU12820
Clutch lever
CAUTION:
See page 5-1 for starting instructions prior to starting the engine.
EAU12440
3
Turn signal switch “TURN”
To signal a right-hand turn, push this
switch to the right. To signal a left-hand
turn, push this switch to the left. When
released, the switch returns to the center position. To cancel the turn signal
lights, push the switch in after it has returned to the center position.
1. Clutch lever
The clutch lever is located at the left
handlebar grip. To disengage the
clutch, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip. To engage the clutch, release
the lever. The lever should be pulled
rapidly and released slowly for smooth
clutch operation.
The clutch lever is equipped with a
clutch switch, which is part of the ignition circuit cut-off system. (See page
3-11.)
EAU12510
Horn switch “HORN”
Press this switch to sound the horn.
EAU12650
Engine stop switch “ENGINE STOP”
Set this switch to “RUN” before starting
the engine. Set this switch to “OFF” to
stop the engine in case of an emergency, such as when the vehicle overturns
or when the throttle cable is stuck.
EAU12690
Start switch “START”
Push this switch to crank the engine
with the starter.
3-3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU12870
Shift pedal
EAU12890
Brake lever
EAU12941
Brake pedal
3
1. Shift pedal
1. Brake lever
1. Brake pedal
The shift pedal is located on the left
side of the engine and is used in combination with the clutch lever when
shifting the gears of the 5-speed constant-mesh transmission equipped on
this motorcycle.
The brake lever is located at the right
handlebar grip. To apply the front
brake, pull the lever toward the handlebar grip.
The brake pedal is on the right side of
the motorcycle. To apply the rear
brake, press down on the brake pedal.
3-4
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13040
Fuel tank cap
EAU13211
NOTE:
The fuel tank cap cannot be closed unless the key is in the lock. In addition,
the key cannot be removed if the cap is
not properly closed and locked.
Fuel
EWA11090
WARNING
3
Make sure that the fuel tank cap is
properly closed before riding.
1. Fuel tank cap
2. Unlock.
1. Fuel tank filler tube
2. Fuel level
Make sure that there is sufficient fuel in
the tank. Fill the fuel tank to the bottom
of the filler tube as shown.
To open the fuel tank cap
Insert the key into the lock and turn it
1/4 turn clockwise. The lock will be released and the fuel tank cap can be
opened.
EWA10880
WARNING
●
To close the fuel tank cap
1. Push the fuel tank cap into position
with the key inserted in the lock.
2. Turn the key counterclockwise to
the original position, and then remove it.
●
3-5
Do not overfill the fuel tank, otherwise it may overflow when the
fuel warms up and expands.
Avoid spilling fuel on the hot engine.
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
ECA10070
CAUTION:
Immediately wipe off spilled fuel
with a clean, dry, soft cloth, since
fuel may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts.
EAU13300
Recommended fuel:
UNLEADED GASOLINE ONLY
Fuel tank capacity:
9.2 L (2.43 US gal) (2.02 Imp.gal)
(CAL)
9.5 L (2.51 US gal) (2.09 Imp.gal)
(U49)
Fuel reserve amount:
2.6 L (0.69 US gal) (0.57 Imp.gal)
[(R+M)/2] of 86 or higher, or a research
octane number of 91 or higher. If
knocking (or pinging) occurs, use a
gasoline of a different brand or premium unleaded fuel. Use of unleaded fuel
will extend spark plug life and reduce
maintenance costs.
Gasohol
There are two types of gasohol: gasohol containing ethanol and that containing methanol. Gasohol containing
ethanol can be used if the ethanol content does not exceed 10%. Gasohol
containing methanol is not recommended by Yamaha because it can
cause damage to the fuel system or vehicle performance problems.
EAU13581
Fuel cock
This model is equipped with a negative
pressure fuel cock. The fuel cock supplies fuel from the tank to the carburetor
while also filtering it.
The fuel cock lever positions are explained as follows and shown in the illustrations.
ON
ECA11400
CAUTION:
1. Arrow mark positioned over “ON”
Use only unleaded gasoline. The use
of leaded gasoline will cause severe
damage to internal engine parts,
such as the valves and piston rings,
as well as to the exhaust system.
With the fuel cock lever in this position,
fuel flows to the carburetor when the
engine is running. Turn the fuel cock lever to this position when starting the engine and riding.
Your Yamaha engine has been designed to use regular unleaded gasoline with a pump octane number
3-6
3
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INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
RES
PRI
1. Arrow mark positioned over “RES”
1. Arrow mark positioned over “PRI”
This indicates reserve. With the fuel
cock lever in this position, the fuel reserve is made available. Quickly turn
the fuel cock lever to this position if you
run out of fuel while riding, otherwise
the engine may stall and will have to be
primed (see “PRI”). After turning the
fuel cock lever to “RES”, refuel as soon
as possible and be sure to turn the fuel
cock lever back to “ON”!
This indicates prime. With the fuel cock
lever in this position, the engine can be
“primed”. Turn the fuel cock lever to this
position when the engine has been allowed to run out of fuel. This sends fuel
directly to the carburetor, which will
make starting easier. After the engine
has started, be sure to turn the lever to
“ON” (or “RES” if you have not refueled
yet).
EAU13630
Starter (choke) lever
3
1. Starter (choke) lever
3-7
Starting a cold engine requires a richer
air-fuel mixture, which is supplied by
the starter (choke).
Move the lever in direction (a) to turn on
the starter (choke).
Move the lever in direction (b) to turn off
the starter (choke).
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 8 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU13730
Steering lock
To unlock the steering
1. Open the steering lock cover, and
then insert the key.
2. Push the key in, turn it 1/8 turn
counterclockwise so that it moves
out, and then release it.
3. Remove the key, and then close
the lock cover.
EAU14220
Rider seat
To remove the rider seat
Remove the bolts, and then pull the rider seat off.
3
1. Steering lock
To lock the steering
1. Turn the handlebar all the way to
the right.
2. Open the steering lock cover, and
then insert the key.
3. Turn the key 1/8 turn counterclockwise, push it in while turning the
handlebar slightly to the left, and
then turn the key 1/8 turn clockwise.
4. Check that the steering is locked,
remove the key, and then close the
lock cover.
1. Bolt
To install the rider seat
1. Insert the projection on the front of
the rider seat into the seat holder
as shown.
3-8
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 9 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU14281
Helmet holder
EAU14880
Adjusting the shock absorber
assemblies
3
1. Projection
2. Seat holder
2. Place the rider seat in the original
position, and then tighten the bolts.
NOTE:
Make sure that the rider seat is properly
secured before riding.
1. Helmet holder
2. Unlock.
To open the helmet holder, insert the
key into the lock, and then turn the key
as shown.
To lock the helmet holder, place it in the
original position, and then remove the
key.
EWA10160
WARNING
Never ride with a helmet attached to
the helmet holder, since the helmet
may hit objects, causing loss of control and possibly an accident.
3-9
1. Spring preload adjusting ring
2. Position indicator
Each shock absorber assembly is
equipped with a spring preload adjusting ring.
ECA10100
CAUTION:
Never attempt to turn an adjusting
mechanism beyond the maximum or
minimum settings.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 10 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EWA10210
WARNING
EAU15301
Sidestand
Always adjust both shock absorber
assemblies equally, otherwise poor
handling and loss of stability may
result.
The sidestand is located on the left side
of the frame. Raise the sidestand or
lower it with your foot while holding the
vehicle upright.
Adjust the spring preload as follows.
To increase the spring preload and
thereby harden the suspension, turn
the adjusting ring on each shock absorber assembly in direction (a). To decrease the spring preload and thereby
soften the suspension, turn the adjusting ring on each shock absorber assembly in direction (b).
NOTE:
The built-in sidestand switch is part of
the ignition circuit cut-off system, which
cuts the ignition in certain situations.
(See further down for an explanation of
the ignition circuit cut-off system.)
NOTE:
Align the appropriate notch in the adjusting ring with the position indicator
on the shock absorber.
Spring preload setting:
Minimum (soft):
1
Standard:
2
Maximum (hard):
5
EWA10240
WARNING
The vehicle must not be ridden with
the sidestand down, or if the sidestand cannot be properly moved up
(or does not stay up), otherwise the
sidestand could contact the ground
and distract the operator, resulting
in a possible loss of control.
Yamaha’s ignition circuit cut-off
system has been designed to assist
the operator in fulfilling the responsibility of raising the sidestand before starting off. Therefore, check
this system regularly as described
3-10
below and have a Yamaha dealer repair it if it does not function properly.
3
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 11 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
EAU15311
Ignition circuit cut-off system
3
The ignition circuit cut-off system (comprising the sidestand switch, clutch
switch and neutral switch) has the following functions.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the sidestand is up, but the clutch lever is
not pulled.
● It prevents starting when the transmission is in gear and the clutch lever is pulled, but the sidestand is
still down.
● It cuts the running engine when the
transmission is in gear and the sidestand is moved down.
Periodically check the operation of the
ignition circuit cut-off system according
to the following procedure.
EWA10250
WARNING
If a malfunction is noted, have a
Yamaha dealer check the system before riding.
3-11
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 12 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
INSTRUMENT AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
With the engine turned off:
1. Move the sidestand down.
2. Make sure that the engine stop switch is turned on.
3. Turn the key on.
4. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
YES
NOTE:
This check is most reliable if performed with
a warmed-up engine.
NO
The neutral switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The sidestand switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
NO
The clutch switch may be defective.
The motorcycle should not be ridden until
checked by a Yamaha dealer.
With the engine still running:
6. Move the sidestand up.
7. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
8. Shift the transmission into gear.
9. Move the sidestand down.
Does the engine stall?
YES
After the engine has stalled:
10. Move the sidestand up.
11. Keep the clutch lever pulled.
12. Push the start switch.
Does the engine start?
YES
The system is OK. The motorcycle can be ridden.
3-12
3
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15591
The condition of a vehicle is the owner’s responsibility. Vital components can start to deteriorate quickly and unexpectedly,
even if the vehicle remains unused (for example, as a result of exposure to the elements). Any damage, fluid leakage or loss
of tire air pressure could have serious consequences. Therefore, it is very important, in addition to a thorough visual inspection, to check the following points before each ride.
NOTE:
Pre-operation checks should be made each time the vehicle is used. Such an inspection can be accomplished in a very short
time; and the added safety it assures is more than worth the time involved.
4
EWA11150
WARNING
If any item in the Pre-operation check list is not working properly, have it inspected and repaired before operating
the vehicle.
4-1
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
EAU15605
Pre-operation check list
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Fuel
• Check fuel level in fuel tank.
• Refuel if necessary.
• Check fuel line for leakage.
3-5
Engine oil
• Check oil level in engine.
• If necessary, add recommended oil to specified level.
• Check vehicle for oil leakage.
6-10
Front brake
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
If soft or spongy, have Yamaha dealer bleed hydraulic system.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
Check brake pads for wear.
Replace if necessary.
Check fluid level in reservoir.
If necessary, add recommended brake fluid to specified level.
Check hydraulic system for leakage.
Rear brake
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Check pedal free play.
Adjust if necessary.
6-20, 6-21
Clutch
•
•
•
•
Check operation.
Lubricate cable if necessary.
Check lever free play.
Adjust if necessary.
6-18
Throttle grip
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Check cable free play.
• If necessary, have Yamaha dealer adjust cable free play and lubricate cable and
grip housing.
Control cables
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate if necessary.
4
6-19, 6-21, 6-22
6-15, 6-26
6-26
4-2
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 3 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PRE-OPERATION CHECKS
ITEM
CHECKS
PAGE
Drive chain
•
•
•
•
Check chain slack.
Adjust if necessary.
Check chain condition.
Lubricate if necessary.
6-23, 6-25
Wheels and tires
•
•
•
•
Check for damage.
Check tire condition and tread depth.
Check air pressure.
Correct if necessary.
6-15, 6-17
Brake and shift pedals
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pedal pivoting points if necessary.
6-27
Brake and clutch levers
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate lever pivoting points if necessary.
6-27
Sidestand
• Make sure that operation is smooth.
• Lubricate pivot if necessary.
6-27
Chassis fasteners
• Make sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are properly tightened.
• Tighten if necessary.
—
Instruments, lights, signals
and switches
• Check operation.
• Correct if necessary.
—
Sidestand switch
• Check operation of ignition circuit cut-off system.
• If system is defective, have Yamaha dealer check vehicle.
3-10
Battery
• Check fluid level.
• Fill with distilled water if necessary.
6-30
4
4-3
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU15950
EWA10270
WARNING
●
●
●
Become thoroughly familiar
with all operating controls and
their functions before riding.
Consult a Yamaha dealer regarding any control or function
that you do not thoroughly understand.
Never start the engine or operate it in a closed area for any
length of time. Exhaust fumes
are poisonous, and inhaling
them can cause loss of consciousness and death within a
short time. Always make sure
that there is adequate ventilation.
Before starting out, make sure
that the sidestand is up. If the
sidestand is not raised completely, it could contact the
ground and distract the operator, resulting in a possible loss
of control.
EAU32620
Starting and warming up a
cold engine
In order for the ignition circuit cut-off
system to enable starting, one of the
following conditions must be met:
● The transmission is in the neutral
position.
● The transmission is in gear with
the clutch lever pulled and the sidestand up.
EWA10290
WARNING
●
●
Before starting the engine,
check the function of the ignition circuit cut-off system according to the procedure
described on page 3-11.
Never ride with the sidestand
down.
1. Turn the fuel cock lever to “ON”.
2. Turn the key to “ON” and make
sure that the engine stop switch is
set to “RUN”.
3. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
5-1
NOTE:
When the transmission is in the neutral
position, the neutral indicator light
should be on, otherwise have a
Yamaha dealer check the electrical circuit.
4. Turn the starter (choke) on and
completely close the throttle. (See
page 3-7.)
5. Start the engine by pushing the
start switch.
NOTE:
If the engine fails to start, release the
start switch, wait a few seconds, and
then try again. Each starting attempt
should be as short as possible to preserve the battery. Do not crank the engine more than 10 seconds on any one
attempt.
6. After starting the engine, move the
starter (choke) back halfway.
5
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
ECA11130
EAU16640
CAUTION:
Starting a warm engine
For maximum engine life, always
warm the engine up before starting
off. Never accelerate hard when the
engine is cold!
Follow the same procedure as for starting a cold engine with the exception
that the starter (choke) is not required
when the engine is warm.
EAU16671
Shifting
7. When the engine is warm, turn the
starter (choke) off.
5
NOTE:
The engine is warm when it responds
normally to the throttle with the starter
(choke) turned off. To avoid the possibility of excessive exhaust emissions,
never leave the starter (choke) on longer than necessary. The time necessary
for starter (choke) use depends upon
the ambient temperature. Temperatures above 10 °C (50 °F) require about
7 seconds of starter (choke) use and
temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) require about 35 seconds with the starter
(choke) turned on, then about 2.5 minutes with the starter (choke) in the halfway position.
1. Shift pedal
2. Neutral position
Shifting gears lets you control the
amount of engine power available for
starting off, accelerating, climbing hills,
etc.
The gear positions are shown in the illustration.
NOTE:
To shift the transmission into the neutral position, press the shift pedal down
repeatedly until it reaches the end of its
travel, and then slightly raise it.
5-2
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 3 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
ECA10260
CAUTION:
●
●
Even with the transmission in
the neutral position, do not
coast for long periods of time
with the engine off, and do not
tow the motorcycle for long distances. The transmission is
properly lubricated only when
the engine is running. Inadequate lubrication may damage
the transmission.
Always use the clutch while
changing gears to avoid damaging the engine, transmission,
and drive train, which are not
designed to withstand the
shock of forced shifting.
EAU16680
To start out and accelerate
1. Pull the clutch lever to disengage
the clutch.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear. The neutral indicator light
should go out.
3. Open the throttle gradually, and at
the same time, release the clutch
lever slowly.
4. At the recommended shift points
shown in the following table, close
the throttle, and at the same time,
quickly pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into second
gear. (Make sure not to shift the
transmission into the neutral position.)
6. Open the throttle part way and
gradually release the clutch lever.
7. Follow the same procedure when
shifting to the next higher gear.
NOTE:
Always shift gears at the recommended
shift points.
EAU16700
To decelerate
1. Apply both the front and the rear
brakes to slow the motorcycle.
2. Shift the transmission into first
gear when the motorcycle reaches
20 km/h (12.5 mi/h). If the engine is
about to stall or runs very roughly,
pull the clutch lever in and use the
brakes to stop the motorcycle.
5-3
3. Shift the transmission into the neutral position when the motorcycle
is almost completely stopped. The
neutral indicator light should come
on.
EAU16720
Recommended shift points
The recommended shift points during
acceleration and deceleration are
shown in the table below.
Shift up points:
1st → 2nd: 16 km/h (9.9 mi/h)
2nd → 3rd: 24 km/h (14.9 mi/h)
3rd → 4th: 32 km/h (19.9 mi/h)
4th → 5th: 40 km/h (24.9 mi/h)
Shift down points:
5th → 4th: 20 km/h (12.5 mi/h)
4th → 3rd: 20 km/h (12.5 mi/h)
3rd → 2nd: 20 km/h (12.5 mi/h)
2nd → 1st: 20 km/h (12.5 mi/h)
5
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 4 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
OPERATION AND IMPORTANT RIDING POINTS
EAU16841
5
ECA11281
EAU17200
Engine break-in
CAUTION:
Parking
There is never a more important period
in the life of your engine than the period
between 0 and 1600 km (1000 mi). For
this reason, you should read the following material carefully.
Since the engine is brand new, do not
put an excessive load on it for the first
1600 km (1000 mi). The various parts in
the engine wear and polish themselves
to the correct operating clearances.
During this period, prolonged full-throttle operation or any condition that might
result in engine overheating must be
avoided.
After 1000 km (600 mi) of operation,
the engine oil must be changed, and
the oil filter cartridge or element replaced.
When parking, stop the engine, and
then remove the key from the main
switch.
1600 km (1000 mi) and beyond
The vehicle can now be operated normally.
EWA10310
WARNING
●
ECA10270
CAUTION:
If any engine trouble should occur
during the engine break-in period,
immediately have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
EAU17021
0–1000 km (0–600 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 1/3
throttle.
1000–1600 km (600–1000 mi)
Avoid prolonged operation above 1/2
throttle.
5-4
●
Since the engine and exhaust
system can become very hot,
park in a place where pedestrians or children are not likely to
touch them.
Do not park on a slope or on soft
ground, otherwise the vehicle
may overturn.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU17231
EAU17301
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Safety is an obligation of the owner. Periodic inspection, adjustment and lubrication will keep your vehicle in the
safest and most efficient condition possible. The most important points of
motorcycle inspection, adjustment, and
lubrication are explained on the following pages.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair
of the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
repair establishment or individual
that is certified (if applicable).
EWA10320
WARNING
If you are not familiar with maintenance work, have a Yamaha dealer
do it for you.
PROPER PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
OF YOUR VEHICLE IS IMPORTANT
IN ORDER TO ENJOY LONG, PLEASURABLE SERVICE. ESPECIALLY
IMPORTANT ARE THE MAINTENANCE SERVICES RELATED TO
EMISSIONS CONTROL. THESE
CONTROLS NOT ONLY FUNCTION
TO ENSURE CLEANER AIR, BUT
ARE ALSO VITAL TO PROPER ENGINE OPERATION AND MAXIMUM
PERFORMANCE. IN THE FOLLOWING
PERIODIC
MAINTENANCE
CHARTS, THE SERVICES RELATED
TO EMISSIONS CONTROL ARE
GROUPED SEPARATELY. THESE
SERVICES REQUIRE SPECIALIZED
DATA, KNOWLEDGE, AND EQUIPMENT. YAMAHA DEALERS ARE
TRAINED AND EQUIPPED TO PERFORM THESE PARTICULAR SERVICES.
6-1
EAU17330
Owner’s tool kit
1. Owner’s tool kit
The owner’s tool kit is located behind
panel A. (See page 6-8.)
The service information included in this
manual and the tools provided in the
owner’s tool kit are intended to assist
you in the performance of preventive
maintenance and minor repairs. However, additional tools such as a torque
wrench may be necessary to perform
certain maintenance work correctly.
NOTE:
If you do not have the tools or experience required for a particular job, have
a Yamaha dealer perform it for you.
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EWA10340
WARNING
Modifications not approved by
Yamaha may cause loss of performance, excessive emissions, and
render the vehicle unsafe for use.
Consult a Yamaha dealer before attempting any changes.
6
6-2
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 3 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU17580
Periodic maintenance chart for the emission control system
INITIAL
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
600 mi
(1000 km)
or
1 month
ODOMETER READINGS
4000 mi
(6000 km)
or
6 months
7000 mi
10000 mi
13000 mi
16000 mi
(11000 km) (16000 km) (21000 km) (26000 km)
or
or
or
or
12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months
Fuel line
• Check fuel and vacuum hoses for
cracks or damage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
2
Spark plugs
• Check condition.
• Adjust gap and clean.
• Replace every 7000 mi (11000
km) or 12 months.
√
Replace.
√
Replace.
√
3 *
Valve clearance
• Check and adjust valve clearance
when engine is cold.
√
√
√
√
√
4 *
Crankcase breather
system
• Check breather hose for cracks or
damage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
5 *
Idle speed
• Check and adjust engine idle
speed.
√
√
√
√
√
6 *
Exhaust system
• Check for leakage.
• Tighten if necessary.
• Replace gasket(s) if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
7 *
Evaporative emission control system
(For California only)
• Check control system for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
1 *
√
√
√
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
6-3
√
√
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 4 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU32162
General maintenance and lubrication chart
INITIAL
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
600 mi
(1000 km)
or
1 month
ODOMETER READINGS
4000 mi
(6000 km)
or
6 months
7000 mi
10000 mi
13000 mi
16000 mi
(11000 km) (16000 km) (21000 km) (26000 km)
or
or
or
or
12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months
1 *
Air filter element
• Clean with solvent.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
2 *
Battery
• Check specific gravity and breather hose for proper operation.
√
√
√
√
√
3 *
Clutch
• Check operation.
• Adjust or replace cable.
√
√
√
√
√
√
4 *
Front brake
• Check operation, fluid level, and
for fluid leakage.
• Replace brake pads if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
√
5 *
Rear brake
• Check operation.
• Adjust cable and replace brake
shoes if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
√
6 *
Brake hose
√
√
√
√
√
7 *
Wheels
• Check runout, spoke tightness
and for damage.
• Tighten spokes if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
Tires
• Check tread depth and for damage.
• Replace if necessary.
• Check air pressure.
• Correct if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
6
8 *
• Check for cracks or damage.
• Replace.
Every 4 years
6-4
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 5 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
INITIAL
No.
ITEM
ROUTINE
600 mi
(1000 km)
or
1 month
ODOMETER READINGS
4000 mi
(6000 km)
or
6 months
7000 mi
10000 mi
13000 mi
16000 mi
(11000 km) (16000 km) (21000 km) (26000 km)
or
or
or
or
12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months
9 *
Wheel bearings
• Check bearings for smooth operation.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
10 *
Swingarm pivot
bushes
• Check bush assemblies for looseness.
• Lubricate with lithium-soap-based
grease.
√
√
√
√
Drive chain
• Check chain slack, alignment and
condition.
• Adjust and thoroughly lubricate
chain with Yamaha chain and cable lube.
12 *
Steering bearings
• Check bearing assemblies for
looseness.
• Moderately repack with lithiumsoap-based grease every 10000
mi (16000 km) or 18 months.
13 *
Chassis fasteners
14
11
√
Every 300 mi (500 km) and after washing the motorcycle or riding in the rain
6
√
√
√
Repack.
√
√
• Check all chassis fitting and fasteners.
• Correct if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
Brake and clutch lever pivot shafts
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease) lightly.
√
√
√
√
√
15
Brake and shift pedal pivot shafts
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease) lightly.
√
√
√
√
√
16
Sidestand pivot
• Check operation.
• Apply lithium-soap-based grease
(all-purpose grease) lightly.
√
√
√
√
√
6-5
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 6 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
INITIAL
No.
6
ITEM
ROUTINE
ODOMETER READINGS
600 mi
(1000 km)
or
1 month
4000 mi
(6000 km)
or
6 months
√
√
√
√
√
√
7000 mi
10000 mi
13000 mi
16000 mi
(11000 km) (16000 km) (21000 km) (26000 km)
or
or
or
or
12 months 18 months 24 months 30 months
17 *
Sidestand switch
• Check operation and replace if
necessary.
18 *
Front fork
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
19 *
Shock absorber assemblies
• Check operation and for oil leakage.
• Replace if necessary.
√
√
√
√
√
20
Engine oil
• Change (warm engine before
draining).
√
√
√
√
√
√
21
Engine oil filter element
• Replace.
√
22 *
Front and rear brake
switches
• Check operation.
√
√
√
√
√
√
23 *
Control and meter
cables
• Apply Yamaha chain and cable
lube or engine oil 10W-30 thoroughly.
√
√
√
√
√
√
24 *
Throttle grip housing and cable
• Check operation and free play.
• Adjust the throttle cable free play
if necessary.
• Lubricate the throttle grip housing
and cable.
√
√
√
√
√
25 *
Lights, signals and
switches
• Check operation.
• Adjust headlight beam.
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
* Since these items require special tools, data and technical skills, have a Yamaha dealer perform the service.
6-6
√
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 7 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
From 19000 mi (31000 km) or 36 months, repeat the maintenance intervals starting from 7000 mi (11000 km) or 12 months.
EAU17620
NOTE:
● The air filter needs more frequent service if you are riding in unusually wet or dusty areas.
● Hydraulic brake system
• When disassembling the master cylinder or caliper cylinder, always replace the brake fluid. Check the brake fluid level
regularly and fill as required.
• Replace the oil seals on the inner parts of the master cylinder and caliper cylinder every two years.
• Replace the brake hoses every four years or if cracked or damaged.
6
6-7
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 8 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU18751
EAU19544
Removing and installing the
panel
Checking the spark plugs
The panel shown needs to be removed
to perform some of the maintenance
jobs described in this chapter. Refer to
this section each time the panel needs
to be removed and installed.
To install the panel
Secure the front of the panel, and then
push the rear of the panel in.
The spark plugs are important engine
components, which are easy to check.
Since heat and deposits will cause any
spark plug to slowly erode, the spark
plugs should be removed and checked
in accordance with the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
the condition of the spark plugs can reveal the condition of the engine.
To remove a spark plug
1. Remove the spark plug cap.
6
1. Panel A
EAU19510
Panel A
To remove the panel
Pull the rear of the panel out, and then
slide the panel forward to release it in
the front.
1. Spark plug cap
2. Remove the spark plug as shown,
with the spark plug wrench included in the owner’s tool kit.
6-8
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 9 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
3. Check each spark plug for electrode erosion and excessive carbon or other deposits, and replace
it if necessary.
Specified spark plug:
NGK/C6HSA
DENSO/U20FS-U
1. Spark plug wrench
To check the spark plugs
1. Check that the porcelain insulator
around the center electrode on
each spark plug is a medium-tolight tan (the ideal color when the
vehicle is ridden normally).
2. Check that all spark plugs installed
in the engine have the same color.
NOTE:
If any spark plug shows a distinctly different color, the engine could be operating improperly. Do not attempt to
diagnose such problems yourself. Instead, have a Yamaha dealer check
the vehicle.
To install a spark plug
1. Measure the spark plug gap with a
wire thickness gauge and, if necessary, adjust the gap to specification.
2. Clean the surface of the spark plug
gasket and its mating surface, and
then wipe off any grime from the
spark plug threads.
3. Install the spark plug with the
spark plug wrench, and then tighten it to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Spark plug:
12.5 Nm (1.25 m·kgf, 9.0 ft·lbf)
NOTE:
If a torque wrench is not available when
installing a spark plug, a good estimate
of the correct torque is 1/4–1/2 turn
past finger tight. However, the spark
plug should be tightened to the specified torque as soon as possible.
4. Install the spark plug cap.
1. Spark plug gap
Spark plug gap:
0.6–0.7 mm (0.024–0.028 in)
6-9
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 10 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU19681
Canister (for California only)
●
Make sure that the canister breather is not blocked, and if necessary,
clean it.
EAU19751
Engine oil and oil filter element
The engine oil level should be checked
before each ride. In addition, the oil
must be changed and the oil filter element replaced at the intervals specified
in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the engine oil level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
NOTE:
Make sure that the vehicle is positioned
straight up when checking the oil level.
A slight tilt to the side can result in a
false reading.
6
1. Canister cover
2. Canister breather
3. Canister
This model is equipped with a canister
to prevent the discharging of fuel vapor
into the atmosphere. Before operating
this vehicle, make sure to check the following:
● Check each hose connection.
● Check each hose and canister for
cracks or damage. Replace if damaged.
2. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
3. Wait a few minutes until the oil settles, and then check the oil level
through the check window located
at the bottom-right side of the
crankcase.
6-10
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 11 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
NOTE:
The engine oil should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
1. Engine oil level check window
2. Maximum level mark
3. Minimum level mark
2. Place an oil pan under the engine
to collect the used oil.
3. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and drain bolt to drain the oil from
the crankcase.
4. Remove the oil filter element cover
by removing the bolts.
1. Engine oil filler cap
1. Bolt
2. Oil filter element cover
4. If the engine oil is below the minimum level mark, add sufficient oil
of the recommended type to raise
it to the correct level.
To change the engine oil (with or
without oil filter element replacement)
1. Start the engine, warm it up for
several minutes, and then turn it
off.
NOTE:
Skip steps 4–6 if the oil filter element is
not being replaced.
5. Remove and replace the oil filter
element and O-ring.
1. Engine oil drain bolt
6-11
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 12 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
●
Tightening torque:
Engine oil drain bolt:
34 Nm (3.4 m·kgf, 24 ft·lbf)
8. Add the specified amount of the
recommended engine oil, and then
install and tighten the oil filler cap.
1. Oil filter element
2. O-ring
6. Install the oil filter element cover by
installing the bolts, then tightening
them to the specified torque.
Recommended engine oil:
See page 8-1.
Oil quantity:
With oil filter element replacement:
1.60 L (1.69 US qt) (1.41 Imp.qt)
Without oil filter element replacement:
1.40 L (1.48 US qt) (1.23 Imp.qt)
6
Tightening torque:
Oil filter element cover bolt:
7.0 Nm (0.7 m·kgf, 5.1 ft·lbf)
NOTE:
Make sure that the O-ring is properly
seated.
7. Install the engine oil drain bolt, and
then tighten it to the specified
torque.
ECA11620
CAUTION:
●
In order to prevent clutch slippage (since the engine oil also
lubricates the clutch), do not
mix any chemical additives. Do
not use oils with a diesel specification of “CD” or oils of a higher quality than specified. In
addition, do not use oils labeled
“ENERGY CONSERVING II” or
higher.
6-12
Make sure that no foreign material enters the crankcase.
9. Start the engine, and then let it idle
for several minutes while checking
it for oil leakage. If oil is leaking, immediately turn the engine off and
check for the cause.
10. Turn the engine off, and then
check the oil level and correct it if
necessary.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 13 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
3. Remove the air filter case cover by
removing the screws.
EAU32733
Cleaning the air filter element
The air filter element should be cleaned
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
Clean the air filter element more frequently if you are riding in unusually
wet or dusty areas.
1. Remove the bolts and loosen the
air filter case joint clamp screw.
1. Air filter case joint clamp screw
2. Air filter case cover
3. Air filter case
2. Disconnect the hoses from the air
filter case, and then remove the air
filter case.
1. Screw
4. Remove the air filter element by
removing the wing nut.
6
1. Bolt
1. Wing nut
2. Air filter element
1. Hose
2. Air filter case
6-13
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
5. Remove the sponge material from
the air filter element frame, clean it
with solvent, and then squeeze the
remaining solvent out.
7. Pull the sponge material over the
air filter element frame.
8. Insert the element into the air filter
case, and then tighten the wing
nut.
ECA10480
CAUTION:
●
●
6
1. Sponge material
2. Air filter element frame
6. Apply oil of the recommended type
to the entire surface of the sponge
material, and then squeeze the excess oil out.
NOTE:
The air filter element should be wet but
not dripping.
Make sure that the air filter element is properly seated in the
air filter case.
The engine should never be operated without the air filter element installed, otherwise the
piston(s) and/or cylinder(s) may
become excessively worn.
9. Install the air filter case cover by installing the screws.
10. Connect the hoses to the air filter
case.
11. Push the air filter case onto the air
filter case joint, and then tighten
the clamp screw.
12. Install the air filter case bolts.
Recommended oil:
Yamaha foam air filter oil or other
quality foam air filter oil
6-14
EAU21251
Carburetor
The carburetor is an important part of
the engine and its emission control system, which requires very sophisticated
adjustment. Therefore, carburetor adjustments should be left to Yamaha
dealer, who has the necessary professional knowledge and experience.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 15 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU21381
Checking the throttle cable
free play
EAU21401
EAU32520
Valve clearance
Tires
The valve clearance changes with use,
resulting in improper air-fuel mixture
and/or engine noise. To prevent this
from occurring, the valve clearance
must be adjusted by a Yamaha dealer
at the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance and lubrication chart.
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified tires.
Tire air pressure
The tire air pressure should be checked
and, if necessary, adjusted before each
ride.
EWA10500
WARNING
1. Throttle cable free play
●
The throttle cable free play should measure 3.0–5.0 mm (0.12–0.20 in) at the
throttle grip. Periodically check the
throttle cable free play and, if necessary, have a Yamaha dealer adjust it.
●
6-15
The tire air pressure must be
checked and adjusted on cold
tires (i.e., when the temperature
of the tires equals the ambient
temperature).
The tire air pressure must be adjusted in accordance with the
riding speed and with the total
weight of rider, passenger, cargo, and accessories approved
for this model.
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 16 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
6
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
0–90 kg (0–198 lb):
Front:
175 kPa (25 psi) (1.75 kgf/cm²)
Rear:
200 kPa (29 psi) (2.00 kgf/cm²)
90–195 kg (198–430 lb) (CAL)
90–196 kg (198–432 lb) (U49):
Front:
200 kPa (29 psi) (2.00 kgf/cm²)
Rear:
225 kPa (33 psi) (2.25 kgf/cm²)
Maximum load*:
195 kg (430 lb) (CAL)
196 kg (432 lb) (U49)
* Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and accessories
and check the condition and pressure of your tires. NEVER OVERLOAD YOUR VEHICLE. Make sure
that the total weight of the cargo, rider, passenger, and accessories
(cowling, saddlebags, etc. if approved for this model) does not exceed the maximum load of the
vehicle. Operation of an overloaded
vehicle could cause tire damage, an
accident, or even injury.
if the tire has a nail or glass fragments
in it, or if the sidewall is cracked, contact a Yamaha dealer immediately and
have the tire replaced.
Minimum tire tread depth (front and
rear):
1.0 mm (0.04 in)
EWA10560
WARNING
●
Tire inspection
●
EWA10510
WARNING
Proper loading of your vehicle is important for several characteristics of
your vehicle, such as handling,
braking, performance and safety. Do
not carry loosely packed items that
can shift. Securely pack your heaviest items close to the center of the
vehicle, and distribute the weight
evenly from side to side. Properly
adjust the suspension for your load,
●
1. Tire sidewall
2. Tire wear indicator
3. Tire tread depth
Always check the tires before operating
the motorcycle. If a tire tread shows
crosswise lines (minimum tread depth),
6-16
It is dangerous to ride with a
worn-out tire. When a tire tread
begins to show crosswise lines,
have a Yamaha dealer replace
the tire immediately.
The replacement of all wheeland brake-related parts, including the tires, should be left to a
Yamaha dealer, who has the
necessary professional knowledge and experience.
It is not recommended to patch
a punctured tube. If unavoidable, however, patch the tube
very carefully and replace it as
soon as possible with a highquality product.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 17 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Tire information
This motorcycle is equipped with spoke
wheels and tube tires.
EWA10460
WARNING
●
●
The front and rear tires should
be of the same make and design, otherwise the handling
characteristics of the vehicle
cannot be guaranteed.
After extensive tests, only the
tires listed below have been approved for this model by
Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
Front tire:
Size:
3.00-18 47P
Manufacturer/model:
CHENG SHIN/C-916
Rear tire:
Size:
130/90-15M/C 66P
Manufacturer/model:
CHENG SHIN/C-915
EAU21940
Spoke wheels
To maximize the performance, durability, and safe operation of your motorcycle, note the following points
regarding the specified wheels.
● The wheel rims should be checked
for cracks, bends or warpage, and
the spokes for looseness or damage before each ride. If any damage is found, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the wheel. Do not
attempt even the smallest repair to
the wheel. A deformed or cracked
wheel must be replaced.
● The wheel should be balanced
whenever either the tire or wheel
has been changed or replaced. An
unbalanced wheel can result in
poor performance, adverse handling characteristics, and a shortened tire life.
● Ride at moderate speeds after
changing a tire since the tire surface must first be “broken in” for it
to develop its optimal characteristics.
6-17
EAU22011
Accessories and replacement
parts
EWA10621
WARNING
This vehicle is not designed to pull a
trailer or to be attached to a sidecar.
The accessories or replacement
parts you choose for your vehicle
should be designed specifically for
this model, and they must be securely mounted to maintain the inherent stability of the original
design. Genuine Yamaha Parts and
Accessories are designed and tested to be compatible with your vehicle. Please consider Genuine
Yamaha Parts and Accessories before making a purchase. Use of nonYamaha-approved accessories or
replacement parts may cause loss of
handling stability and riding safety.
Since Yamaha cannot control the
quality of accessories or parts manufactured by other companies,
Yamaha cannot be held liable for
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 18 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
any consequences caused by the
use of items which have not been
approved by Yamaha.
EAU22041
Adjusting the clutch lever free
play
NOTE:
If the specified clutch lever free play
could be obtained as described above,
tighten the locknut and skip the rest of
the procedure, otherwise proceed as
follows.
3. Fully turn the adjusting bolt at the
clutch lever in direction (a) to loosen the clutch cable.
4. Loosen the locknut at the crankcase.
1. Locknut
2. Clutch lever free play adjusting bolt
3. Clutch lever free play
6
The clutch lever free play should measure 10.0–15.0 mm (0.39–0.59 in) as
shown. Periodically check the clutch lever free play and, if necessary, adjust it
as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the clutch lever.
2. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the adjusting bolt in direction (a). To decrease the clutch
lever free play, turn the adjusting
bolt in direction (b).
6-18
1. Locknut
2. Clutch lever free play adjusting nut (crankcase)
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 19 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
5. To increase the clutch lever free
play, turn the adjusting nut in direction (a). To decrease the clutch lever free play, turn the adjusting nut
in direction (b).
6. Tighten the locknut at the clutch lever and the crankcase.
EAU22092
Adjusting the brake lever free
play
EWA10630
WARNING
●
●
1. Locknut
2. Brake lever free play adjusting screw
3. Brake lever free play
The brake lever free play should measure 2.0–5.0 mm (0.08–0.20 in) as
shown. Periodically check the brake lever free play and, if necessary, adjust it
as follows.
1. Loosen the locknut at the brake lever.
2. To increase the brake lever free
play, turn the adjusting screw in direction (a). To decrease the brake
lever free play, turn the adjusting
screw in direction (b).
3. Tighten the locknut.
6-19
After adjusting the brake lever
free play, check the free play
and make sure that the brake is
working properly.
A soft or spongy feeling in the
brake lever can indicate the
presence of air in the hydraulic
system. If there is air in the hydraulic system, have a Yamaha
dealer bleed the system before
operating the motorcycle. Air in
the hydraulic system will diminish the braking performance,
which may result in loss of control and an accident.
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 20 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU22201
Adjusting the brake pedal position and free play
1. Loosen the locknut at the brake
pedal.
2. To raise the brake pedal, turn the
adjusting bolt in direction (a). To
lower the brake pedal, turn the adjusting bolt in direction (b).
Brake pedal free play
The brake pedal free play should measure 20.0–30.0 mm (0.79–1.18 in) at
the brake pedal end. Periodically check
the brake pedal free play and, if necessary, adjust it as follows.
To increase the brake pedal free play,
turn the adjusting nut at the brake rod in
direction (a). To decrease the brake
pedal free play, turn the adjusting nut in
direction (b).
1. Footrest
2. Distance between brake pedal and footrest
3. Brake pedal free play
6
EWA10670
WARNING
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer make these adjustments.
1. Locknut
2. Brake pedal position adjusting bolt
3. Tighten the locknut.
EWA11230
WARNING
Brake pedal position
The top of the brake pedal should be
positioned approximately 60.0 mm
(2.36 in) above the top of the footrest as
shown. Periodically check the brake
pedal position and, if necessary, adjust
it as follows.
After adjusting the brake pedal position, the brake pedal free play must
be adjusted.
1. Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
EWA10680
WARNING
●
6-20
After adjusting the drive chain
slack or removing and installing
the rear wheel, always check the
brake pedal free play.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 21 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
●
●
If proper adjustment cannot be
obtained as described, have a
Yamaha dealer make this adjustment.
After adjusting the brake pedal
free play, check the operation of
the brake light.
EAU22270
Adjusting the rear brake light
switch
EAU22380
Checking the front brake pads
and rear brake shoes
The front brake pads and the rear brake
shoes must be checked for wear at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
EAU22420
Front brake pads
1. Rear brake light switch
2. Rear brake light switch adjusting nut
The rear brake light switch, which is activated by the brake pedal, is properly
adjusted when the brake light comes
on just before braking takes effect. If
necessary, adjust the brake light switch
as follows.
Turn the adjusting nut while holding the
rear brake light switch in place. To
make the brake light come on earlier,
turn the adjusting nut in direction (a). To
make the brake light come on later, turn
the adjusting nut in direction (b).
6-21
6
1. Brake pad wear indicator groove
Each front brake pad is provided with a
wear indicator groove, which allows
you to check the brake pad wear without having to disassemble the brake.
To check the brake pad wear, check
the wear indicator groove. If a brake
pad has worn to the point that the wear
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 22 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
indicator groove has almost disappeared, have a Yamaha dealer replace
the brake pads as a set.
EAU32343
Checking the front brake fluid
level
●
●
EAU22540
Rear brake shoes
When checking the fluid level,
make sure that the top of the master cylinder is level by turning the
handlebars.
Use only the recommended quality
brake fluid, otherwise the rubber
seals may deteriorate, causing
leakage and poor braking performance.
Recommended brake fluid:
DOT 4
1. Minimum level mark
6
1. Brake shoe wear indicator
2. Brake shoe wear limit line
The rear brake is provided with a wear
indicator, which allows you to check the
brake shoe wear without having to disassemble the brake. To check the
brake shoe wear, check the position of
the wear indicator while applying the
brake. If a brake shoe has worn to the
point that the wear indicator reaches
the wear limit line, have a Yamaha
dealer replace the brake shoes as a
set.
Insufficient brake fluid may allow air to
enter the brake system, possibly causing it to become ineffective.
Before riding, check that the brake fluid
is above the minimum level mark and
replenish if necessary. A low brake fluid
level may indicate worn brake pads
and/or brake system leakage. If the
brake fluid level is low, be sure to check
the brake pads for wear and the brake
system for leakage.
Observe these precautions:
●
●
●
●
6-22
Refill with the same type of brake
fluid. Mixing fluids may result in a
harmful chemical reaction and
lead to poor braking performance.
Be careful that water does not enter the master cylinder when refilling. Water will significantly lower
the boiling point of the fluid and
may result in vapor lock.
Brake fluid may deteriorate painted surfaces or plastic parts. Always clean up spilled fluid
immediately.
As the brake pads wear, it is normal for the brake fluid level to gradually go down. However, if the
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 23 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
brake fluid level goes down suddenly, have a Yamaha dealer
check the cause.
EAU22720
EAU22760
Changing the brake fluid
Drive chain slack
Have a Yamaha dealer change the
brake fluid at the intervals specified in
the NOTE after the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. In addition,
have the oil seals of the brake master
cylinder and caliper as well as the
brake hose replaced at the intervals
listed below or whenever they are damaged or leaking.
● Oil seals: Replace every two
years.
● Brake hose: Replace every four
years.
The drive chain slack should be
checked before each ride and adjusted
if necessary.
EAU22771
To check the drive chain slack
1. Place the motorcycle on the sidestand.
NOTE:
When checking and adjusting the drive
chain slack, there should be no weight
on the motorcycle.
2. Shift the transmission into the neutral position.
3. Move the rear wheel by pushing
the motorcycle to locate the tightest portion of the drive chain, and
then measure the drive chain slack
as shown.
Drive chain slack:
30.0–40.0 mm (1.18–1.57 in)
6-23
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 24 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Drive chain slack
4. If the drive chain slack is incorrect,
adjust it as follows.
EAU22860
6
To adjust the drive chain slack
1. Loosen the brake pedal free play
adjusting nut.
2. Remove the cotter pin from the
axle nut, and then loosen the axle
nut.
3. Loosen the chain puller locknut at
each end of the swingarm.
4. To tighten the drive chain, turn the
adjusting nut at each end of the
swingarm in direction (a). To loosen the drive chain, turn the adjusting nut at each end of the
swingarm in direction (b), and then
push the rear wheel forward.
NOTE:
Using the alignment marks on each
side of the swingarm, make sure that
both chain pullers are in the same position for proper wheel alignment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Axle nut
Cotter pin
Chain puller locknut
Drive chain slack adjusting nut
Alignment marks
ECA10570
CAUTION:
Improper drive chain slack will overload the engine as well as other vital
parts of the motorcycle and can lead
to chain slippage or breakage. To
prevent this from occurring, keep
the drive chain slack within the
specified limits.
5. Tighten the locknuts, and then
tighten the axle nut to the specified
torque.
1. Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
6-24
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 25 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
Tightening torque:
Axle nut:
104 Nm (10.4 m·kgf, 75 ft·lbf)
6. Insert a new cotter pin into the axle
nut, and then bend its ends as
shown.
7. Adjust the brake pedal free play.
(See page 6-20.)
EWA10660
WARNING
After adjusting the brake pedal free
play, check the operation of the
brake light.
EAU23013
Cleaning and lubricating the
drive chain
The drive chain must be cleaned and
lubricated at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart, otherwise it will quickly wear
out, especially when riding in dusty or
wet areas. Service the drive chain as
follows.
ECA10581
CAUTION:
The drive chain must be lubricated
after washing the motorcycle and
riding in the rain.
1. Remove all dirt and mud from the
drive chain with a brush or cloth.
1. Cotter pin
NOTE:
For a thorough cleaning, have a
Yamaha dealer remove the drive chain
and soak it in solvent.
NOTE:
Make sure that two notches in the axle
nut are aligned with the hole through
the wheel axle, otherwise further tighten the axle nut until they are.
2. Spray Yamaha Chain and Cable
Lube or a high-quality spray-type
drive chain lubricant on both sides
and on the middle of the chain,
EWA10700
WARNING
Always use a new cotter pin for the
axle nut.
6-25
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 26 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
making sure that all side plates
and rollers have been sufficiently
oiled.
EAU23091
Checking and lubricating the
throttle grip and cable
The operation of all control cables and
the condition of the cables should be
checked before each ride, and the cables and cable ends should be lubricated if necessary. If a cable is damaged
or does not move smoothly, have a
Yamaha dealer check or replace it.
The operation of the throttle grip should
be checked before each ride. In addition, the cable should be lubricated at
the intervals specified in the periodic
maintenance chart.
Recommended lubricant:
Yamaha Chain and Cable Lube or
engine oil SAE 10W-30
EWA10710
6
EAU23111
Checking and lubricating the
cables
WARNING
Damage to the outer housing of cables may result in internal rusting
and cause interference with cable
movement. Replace damaged cables as soon as possible to prevent
unsafe conditions.
6-26
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 27 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU23131
EAU23140
EAU23200
Checking and lubricating the
brake and shift pedals
Checking and lubricating the
brake and clutch levers
Checking and lubricating the
sidestand
The operation of the brake and shift
pedals should be checked before each
ride, and the pedal pivots should be lubricated if necessary.
The operation of the brake and clutch
levers should be checked before each
ride, and the lever pivots should be lubricated if necessary.
The operation of the sidestand should
be checked before each ride, and the
sidestand pivot and metal-to-metal
contact surfaces should be lubricated if
necessary.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease)
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease)
EWA10730
WARNING
If the sidestand does not move up
and down smoothly, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair it.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease (all-purpose grease)
6-27
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 28 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAUM1650
Lubricating the swingarm pivots
The swingarm pivots must be lubricated at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
Recommended lubricant:
Lithium-soap-based grease
EAU23271
Checking the front fork
The condition and operation of the front
fork must be checked as follows at the
intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the condition
EWA10750
WARNING
Securely support the vehicle so that
there is no danger of it falling over.
Check the inner tubes for scratches,
damage and excessive oil leakage.
6
To check the operation
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
2. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars
several times to check if the front
fork compresses and rebounds
smoothly.
6-28
ECA10590
CAUTION:
If any damage is found or the front
fork does not operate smoothly,
have a Yamaha dealer check or repair it.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 29 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU23280
EAU23290
Checking the steering
Checking the wheel bearings
Worn or loose steering bearings may
cause danger. Therefore, the operation
of the steering must be checked as follows at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication
chart.
1. Place a stand under the engine to
raise the front wheel off the
ground.
The front and rear wheel bearings must
be checked at the intervals specified in
the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart. If there is play in the wheel
hub or if the wheel does not turn
smoothly, have a Yamaha dealer check
the wheel bearings.
EWA10750
WARNING
Securely support the vehicle so that
there is no danger of it falling over.
6
2. Hold the lower ends of the front
fork legs and try to move them forward and backward. If any free
play can be felt, have a Yamaha
dealer check or repair the steering.
6-29
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 30 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU23310
Battery
A poorly maintained battery will corrode
and discharge quickly. The electrolyte
level, battery lead connections and
breather hose routing should be
checked before each ride and at the intervals specified in the periodic maintenance and lubrication chart.
To check the electrolyte level
1. Place the vehicle on a level surface and hold it in an upright position.
6
NOTE:
Make sure that the vehicle is positioned
straight up when checking the electrolyte level.
2. Check the electrolyte level in the
battery.
NOTE:
The electrolyte should be between the
minimum and maximum level marks.
●
1. Maximum level mark
2. Minimum level mark
3. If the electrolyte is at or below the
minimum level mark, add distilled
water to raise it to the maximum
level mark.
●
EWA10770
WARNING
●
Electrolyte is poisonous and
dangerous since it contains sulfuric acid, which causes severe
burns. Avoid any contact with
skin, eyes or clothing and always shield your eyes when
working near batteries. In case
of contact, administer the following FIRST AID.
• EXTERNAL: Flush with plenty
of water.
6-30
●
• INTERNAL: Drink large quantities of water or milk and immediately call a physician.
• EYES: Flush with water for 15
minutes and seek prompt
medical attention.
Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas. Therefore, keep
sparks, flames, cigarettes, etc.,
away from the battery and provide sufficient ventilation when
charging it in an enclosed
space.
Take care not to spill electrolyte
on the drive chain, as this may
weaken it, shorten chain life and
possibly result in an accident.
KEEP THIS AND ALL BATTERIES OUT OF THE REACH OF
CHILDREN.
ECA10610
CAUTION:
Use only distilled water, as tap water
contains minerals that are harmful
to the battery.
4. Check and, if necessary, tighten
the battery lead connections and
correct the breather hose routing.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 31 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
that the breather hose is properly
routed, in good condition, and not
obstructed.
EAU23600
Replacing the fuses
ECA10600
CAUTION:
1. Battery
2. Battery breather hose
If the breather hose is positioned in
such a way that the frame is exposed to electrolyte or gas expelled
from the battery, the frame could
suffer structural and external damages.
1. Main fuse
2. Spare main fuse
3. Signaling system fuse
To store the battery
1. If the motorcycle will not be used
for more than one month, remove
the battery, fully charge it, and then
place it in a cool, dry place.
2. If the battery will be stored for more
than two months, check the specific gravity of the electrolyte at least
once a month and fully charge the
battery whenever necessary.
3. Fully charge the battery before installation.
4. After installation, make sure that
the battery leads are properly connected to the battery terminals and
The main fuse and the signaling system fuse holders are located under the
rider seat. (See page 3-8.)
If a fuse is blown, replace it as follows.
1. Turn the key to “OFF” and turn off
the electrical circuit in question.
2. Remove the blown fuse, and then
install a new fuse of the specified
amperage.
Specified fuses:
Main fuse:
20.0 A
Signaling system fuse:
10.0 A
6-31
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 32 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
ECA10640
EAU23780
CAUTION:
Replacing the headlight bulb
Do not use a fuse of a higher amperage rating than recommended to
avoid causing extensive damage to
the electrical system and possibly a
fire.
This model is equipped with a quartz
bulb headlight. If the headlight bulb
burns out, replace it as follows.
1. Remove the headlight unit by removing the screws.
3. Turn the key to “ON” and turn on
the electrical circuit in question to
check if the device operates.
4. If the fuse immediately blows
again, have a Yamaha dealer
check the electrical system.
1. Headlight coupler
2. Headlight bulb cover
3. Remove the headlight bulb holder
by turning it counterclockwise, and
then remove the defective bulb.
6
1. Screw
2. Disconnect the headlight coupler,
and then remove the bulb cover.
1. Headlight bulb holder
6-32
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 33 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EWA10790
EAU24131
Replacing the tail/brake light
bulb
WARNING
Headlight bulbs get very hot. Therefore, keep flammable products away
from a lit headlight bulb, and do not
touch the bulb until it has cooled
down.
4. Place a new headlight bulb into position, and then secure it with the
bulb holder.
ECA10660
CAUTION:
Do not touch the glass part of the
headlight bulb to keep it free from
oil, otherwise the transparency of
the glass, the luminosity of the bulb,
and the bulb life will be adversely affected. Thoroughly clean off any dirt
and fingerprints on the headlight
bulb using a cloth moistened with alcohol or thinner.
1. Remove the tail/brake light lens by
removing the screws.
1. Do not touch the glass part of the bulb.
5. Install the headlight bulb cover,
and then connect the coupler.
6. Install the headlight unit by installing the screws.
7. Have a Yamaha dealer adjust the
headlight beam if necessary.
6-33
1. Screw
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 34 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU24210
Replacing a turn signal light
bulb
1. Remove the turn signal lens by removing the screws.
1. Tail/brake light bulb
6
1. Turn signal light bulb
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screws.
ECA10680
CAUTION:
Do not overtighten the screws, otherwise the lens may break.
3. Insert a new bulb into the socket,
push it in, and then turn it clockwise until it stops.
4. Install the lens by installing the
screws.
1. Screw
2. Remove the defective bulb by
pushing it in and turning it counterclockwise.
6-34
ECA10680
CAUTION:
Do not overtighten the screws, otherwise the lens may break.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 35 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU24350
Supporting the motorcycle
Since this model is not equipped with a
centerstand, follow these precautions
when removing the front and rear
wheel or performing other maintenance
requiring the motorcycle to stand upright. Check that the motorcycle is in a
stable and level position before starting
any maintenance. A strong wooden
box can be placed under the engine for
added stability.
a jack either under each side of the
frame in front of the rear wheel or under
each side of the swingarm.
EAU24360
Front wheel
EAU24600
To remove the front wheel
EWA10820
WARNING
●
●
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer service the wheel.
Securely support the motorcycle so that there is no danger
of it falling over.
1. Disconnect the speedometer cable from the front wheel.
To service the front wheel
1. Stabilize the rear of the motorcycle
by using a motorcycle stand or, if
an additional motorcycle stand is
not available, by placing a jack under the frame in front of the rear
wheel.
2. Raise the front wheel off the
ground by using a motorcycle
stand.
6
1. Speedometer cable
To service the rear wheel
Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
using a motorcycle stand or, if a motorcycle stand is not available, by placing
2. Loosen the front wheel axle pinch
bolt, then the wheel axle.
6-35
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 36 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
1. Wheel axle
2. Front wheel axle pinch bolt
6
1. Speedometer gear unit
3. Lift the front wheel off the ground
according to the procedure on
page 6-35.
4. Pull the wheel axle out, and then
remove the wheel.
ECA11070
CAUTION:
Do not apply the brake after the
wheel has been removed together
with the brake disc, otherwise the
brake pads will be forced shut.
2. Lift the wheel up between the fork
legs.
NOTE:
Make sure that there is enough space
between the brake pads before inserting the brake disc and that the slot in
the speedometer gear unit fits over the
retainer on the fork leg.
1. Speedometer gear unit
2. Retainer
3. Speedometer cable
3. Insert the wheel axle.
4. Lower the front wheel so that it is
on the ground.
5. Tighten the wheel axle to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Wheel axle:
59 Nm (5.9 m·kgf, 43 ft·lbf)
6. Tighten the front wheel axle pinch
bolt to the specified torque.
EAU24932
To install the front wheel
1. Install the speedometer gear unit
into the wheel hub so that the projections mesh with the slots.
Tightening torque:
Front wheel axle pinch bolt:
20 Nm (2.0 m·kgf, 14 ft·lbf)
6-36
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 37 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
7. While applying the front brake,
push down hard on the handlebars
several times to check if the front
fork compresses and rebounds
smoothly.
8. Connect the speedometer cable.
EAU25080
Rear wheel
EAU32750
To remove the rear wheel
EWA10820
WARNING
●
●
It is advisable to have a Yamaha
dealer service the wheel.
Securely support the motorcycle so that there is no danger
of it falling over.
1. Remove the axle nut cotter pin.
2. Loosen the chain puller locknut
and the drive chain slack adjusting
nut on both ends of the swingarm.
6-37
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Axle nut
Axle nut cotter pin
Chain puller locknut
Drive chain slack adjusting nut
Alignment marks
3. Loosen the axle nut and the brake
torque rod nut at the brake shoe
plate.
4. Lift the rear wheel off the ground
according to the procedure on
page 6-35.
5. Remove the brake pedal free play
adjusting nut, and then disconnect
the brake rod at the brake camshaft lever.
6. Disconnect the brake torque rod
from the brake shoe plate by removing the nut and the bolt.
6
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 38 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU32760
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6
Brake torque rod
Brake torque rod bolt and nut
Brake rod
Brake pedal free play adjusting nut
Brake camshaft lever
7. Push the wheel forward, and then
remove the drive chain from the
rear sprocket.
NOTE:
The drive chain does not need to be
disassembled in order to remove and
install the rear wheel.
8. Remove the axle nut.
9. Pull the wheel axle out, and then
remove the wheel.
To install the rear wheel
1. Install the drive chain onto the rear
sprocket, and then install the
wheel by inserting the wheel axle
from the right-hand side.
2. Install the brake rod onto the brake
camshaft lever, and then install the
brake pedal free play adjusting nut
onto the brake rod.
3. Connect the brake torque rod to
the brake shoe plate by installing
the bolt and nut, and then tighten
the bolt to the specified torque.
Tightening torque:
Brake torque rod bolt:
23 Nm (2.3 m·kgf, 17 ft·lbf)
4. Adjust the drive chain slack. (See
page 6-23.)
5. Install the axle nut, and then lower
the rear wheel so that it is on the
ground.
6. Tighten the axle nut to the specified torque, and then insert a new
cotter pin into the axle nut.
6-38
Tightening torque:
Axle nut:
104 Nm (10.4 m·kgf, 75 ft·lbf)
EWA10700
WARNING
Always use a new cotter pin for the
axle nut.
7. Adjust the brake pedal position
and free play. (See page 6-20.)
EWA10660
WARNING
After adjusting the brake pedal free
play, check the operation of the
brake light.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 39 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU25850
Troubleshooting
Although Yamaha motorcycles receive
a thorough inspection before shipment
from the factory, trouble may occur during operation. Any problem in the fuel,
compression, or ignition systems, for
example, can cause poor starting and
loss of power.
The following troubleshooting chart
represents a quick and easy procedure
for checking these vital systems yourself. However, should your motorcycle
require any repair, take it to a Yamaha
dealer, whose skilled technicians have
the necessary tools, experience, and
know-how to service the motorcycle
properly.
Use only genuine Yamaha replacement parts. Imitation parts may look like
Yamaha parts, but they are often inferior, have a shorter service life and can
lead to expensive repair bills.
6
6-39
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 40 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE AND MINOR REPAIR
EAU25931
Troubleshooting chart
EWA10840
WARNING
Keep away open flames and do not smoke while checking or working on the fuel system.
1. Fuel
There is enough fuel.
Check the compression.
There is no fuel.
Supply fuel.
Check the fuel level in
the fuel tank.
The engine does not start.
Check the compressoin.
2. Compression
There is compression.
Check the ignition.
There is no compression.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
Operate the electric starter.
6
3. Ignition
Wet
Wipe off with a dry cloth and correct the
spark plug gaps, or replace the spark plugs.
Open the throttle halfway and operate
the electric starter.
Dry
Have a Yamaha dealer check the vehicle.
The engine does not start.
Check the battery.
Remove the spark plugs
and check the electrodes.
4. Battery
The engine turns over
quickly.
The battery is good.
Operate the electric starter.
The engine turns over
slowly.
Check the electrolyte and battery
lead connections, and charge the
battery if necessary.
6-40
The engine does not start.
Have a Yamaha dealer
check the vehicle.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
ucts onto seals, gaskets, sprockets, the drive chain and wheel
axles. Always rinse the dirt and degreaser off with water.
EAU26041
Care
While the open design of a motorcycle
reveals the attractiveness of the technology, it also makes it more vulnerable. Rust and corrosion can develop
even if high-quality components are
used. A rusty exhaust pipe may go unnoticed on a car, however, it detracts
from the overall appearance of a motorcycle. Frequent and proper care does
not only comply with the terms of the
warranty, but it will also keep your
motorcycle looking good, extend its life
and optimize its performance.
Before cleaning
1. Cover the muffler outlets with plastic bags after the engine has
cooled down.
2. Make sure that all caps and covers
as well as all electrical couplers
and connectors, including the
spark plug caps, are tightly installed.
3. Remove extremely stubborn dirt,
like oil burnt onto the crankcase,
with a degreasing agent and a
brush, but never apply such prod-
●
Cleaning
ECA10770
CAUTION:
●
●
●
Avoid using strong acidic wheel
cleaners, especially on spoked
wheels. If such products are
used on hard-to-remove dirt, do
not leave the cleaner on the affected area any longer than instructed. Also, thoroughly rinse
the area off with water, immediately dry it, and then apply a corrosion protection spray.
Improper cleaning can damage
windshields, cowlings, panels
and other plastic parts. Use only
a soft, clean cloth or sponge
with mild detergent and water to
clean plastic.
Do not use any harsh chemical
products on plastic parts. Be
sure to avoid using cloths or
sponges which have been in
contact with strong or abrasive
7-1
●
cleaning products, solvent or
thinner, fuel (gasoline), rust removers or inhibitors, brake fluid, antifreeze or electrolyte.
Do not use high-pressure washers or steam-jet cleaners since
they cause water seepage and
deterioration in the following areas: seals (of wheel and swingarm bearings, fork and brakes),
electric components (couplers,
connectors,
instruments,
switches and lights), breather
hoses and vents.
For motorcycles equipped with
a windshield: Do not use strong
cleaners or hard sponges as
they will cause dulling or
scratching. Some cleaning compounds for plastic may leave
scratches on the windshield.
Test the product on a small hidden part of the windshield to
make sure that it does not leave
any marks. If the windshield is
scratched, use a quality plastic
polishing
compound
after
washing.
7
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
After normal use
Remove dirt with warm water, a mild
detergent, and a soft, clean sponge,
and then rinse thoroughly with clean
water. Use a toothbrush or bottlebrush
for hard-to-reach areas. Stubborn dirt
and insects will come off more easily if
the area is covered with a wet cloth for
a few minutes before cleaning.
7
After riding in the rain, near the sea or
on salt-sprayed roads
Since sea salt or salt sprayed on roads
during winter are extremely corrosive in
combination with water, carry out the
following steps after each ride in the
rain, near the sea or on salt-sprayed
roads.
NOTE:
Salt sprayed on roads in the winter may
remain well into spring.
1. Clean the motorcycle with cold water and a mild detergent, after the
engine has cooled down.
ECA10790
CAUTION:
Do not use warm water since it increases the corrosive action of the
salt.
2. After drying the motorcycle, apply
a corrosion protection spray on all
metal, including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces to prevent corrosion.
After cleaning
1. Dry the motorcycle with a chamois
or an absorbing cloth.
2. Immediately dry the drive chain
and lubricate it to prevent it from
rusting.
3. Use a chrome polish to shine
chrome, aluminum and stainlesssteel parts, including the exhaust
system. (Even the thermally induced discoloring of stainlesssteel exhaust systems can be removed through polishing.)
7-2
4. To prevent corrosion, it is recommended to apply a corrosion protection spray on all metal,
including chrome- and nickel-plated, surfaces.
5. Use spray oil as a universal cleaner to remove any remaining dirt.
6. Touch up minor paint damage
caused by stones, etc.
7. Wax all painted surfaces.
8. Let the motorcycle dry completely
before storing or covering it.
EWA11130
WARNING
●
●
Make sure that there is no oil or
wax on the brakes or tires.
If necessary, clean the brake
discs and brake linings with a
regular brake disc cleaner or acetone, and wash the tires with
warm water and a mild detergent. Before riding at higher
speeds, test the motorcycle’s
braking performance and cornering behavior.
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 3 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
ECA10800
CAUTION:
●
●
●
Apply spray oil and wax sparingly and make sure to wipe off
any excess.
Never apply oil or wax to any
rubber and plastic parts, but
treat them with a suitable care
product.
Avoid using abrasive polishing
compounds as they will wear
away the paint.
NOTE:
Consult a Yamaha dealer for advice on
what products to use.
EAU32640
Storage
Short-term
Always store your motorcycle in a cool,
dry place and, if necessary, protect it
against dust with a porous cover.
ECA10810
CAUTION:
●
●
Storing the motorcycle in a
poorly ventilated room or covering it with a tarp, while it is still
wet, will allow water and humidity to seep in and cause rust.
To prevent corrosion, avoid
damp cellars, stables (because
of the presence of ammonia)
and areas where strong chemicals are stored.
Long-term
Before storing your motorcycle for several months:
1. Follow all the instructions in the
“Care” section of this chapter.
2. Turn the fuel cock lever to “ON”.
7-3
3. Drain the carburetor float chambers by loosening the drain bolts;
this will prevent fuel deposits from
building up. Pour the drained fuel
into the fuel tank.
4. Fill up the fuel tank and add fuel
stabilizer (if available) to prevent
the fuel tank from rusting and the
fuel from deteriorating.
5. Perform the following steps to protect the cylinders, piston rings, etc.
from corrosion.
a. Remove the spark plug caps
and spark plugs.
b. Pour a teaspoonful of engine oil
into each spark plug bore.
c. Install the spark plug caps onto
the spark plugs, and then place
the spark plugs on the cylinder
head so that the electrodes are
grounded. (This will limit sparking during the next step.)
d. Turn the engine over several
times with the starter. (This will
coat the cylinder walls with oil.)
e. Remove the spark plug caps
from the spark plugs, and then
install the spark plugs and the
spark plug caps.
7
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 4 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
MOTORCYCLE CARE AND STORAGE
EWA10950
WARNING
To prevent damage or injury from
sparking, make sure to ground the
spark plug electrodes while turning
the engine over.
7
°C (90 °F)]. For more information
on storing the battery, see page
6-30.
NOTE:
Make any necessary repairs before
storing the motorcycle.
6. Lubricate all control cables and the
pivoting points of all levers and
pedals as well as of the sidestand/centerstand.
7. Check and, if necessary, correct
the tire air pressure, and then lift
the motorcycle so that both of its
wheels are off the ground. Alternatively, turn the wheels a little every
month in order to prevent the tires
from becoming degraded in one
spot.
8. Cover the muffler outlets with plastic bags to prevent moisture from
entering them.
9. Remove the battery and fully
charge it. Store it in a cool, dry
place and charge it once a month.
Do not store the battery in an excessively cold or warm place [less
than 0 °C (30 °F) or more than 30
7-4
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Dimensions:
Overall length:
2190 mm (86.2 in)
Overall width:
815 mm (32.1 in)
Overall height:
1140 mm (44.9 in)
Seat height:
685 mm (27.0 in)
Wheelbase:
1490 mm (58.7 in)
Ground clearance:
145 mm (5.71 in)
Minimum turning radius:
2800 mm (110.2 in)
Weight:
With oil and fuel:
147.0 kg (324 lb) (U49)
148.0 kg (326 lb) (CAL)
Engine:
Engine type:
Air cooled 4-stroke, SOHC
Cylinder arrangement:
V-type 2-cylinder
Displacement:
249.0 cm³
Bore × stroke:
49.0 × 66.0 mm (1.93 × 2.60 in)
Compression ratio:
10.00 :1
Starting system:
Electric starter
Lubrication system:
Wet sump
Engine oil:
Carburetor:
Type:
YAMALUBE 4, SAE10W30 or SAE20W40
0°
10°
30° 50° 70° 90° 110° 130°F
YAMALUBE 4 (10W30)
or SAE 10W30
YAMALUBE 4 (20W40)
or SAE 20W40
–20° –10°
0°
10° 20° 30° 40° 50°C
Recommended engine oil grade:
API service SG type or higher, JASO
standard MA
Engine oil quantity:
Without oil filter element replacement:
1.40 L (1.48 US qt) (1.23 Imp.qt)
With oil filter element replacement:
1.60 L (1.69 US qt) (1.41 Imp.qt)
Air filter:
Air filter element:
Wet element
Fuel:
Recommended fuel:
Unleaded gasoline only
Fuel tank capacity:
9.2 L (2.43 US gal) (2.02 Imp.gal) (CAL)
9.5 L (2.51 US gal) (2.09 Imp.gal) (U49)
Fuel reserve amount:
2.6 L (0.69 US gal) (0.57 Imp.gal)
8-1
Manufacturer:
MIKUNI
Type × quantity:
BDS26 x 1
Spark plug (s):
Manufacturer/model:
NGK/C6HSA
Manufacturer/model:
DENSO/U20FS-U
Spark plug gap:
0.6–0.7 mm (0.024–0.028 in)
Clutch:
Clutch type:
Wet, multiple-disc
Transmission:
Primary reduction system:
Spur gear
Primary reduction ratio:
72/23 (3.130)
Secondary reduction system:
Chain drive
Secondary reduction ratio:
45/16 (2.812)
Transmission type:
Constant mesh 5-speed
Operation:
Left foot operation
Gear ratio:
1st:
37/14 (2.643)
2nd:
32/19 (1.684)
8
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
3rd:
29/23 (1.261)
4th:
26/26 (1.000)
5th:
23/28 (0.821)
Chassis:
Frame type:
Double cradle
Caster angle:
32.00 °
Trail:
120.0 mm (4.72 in)
Front tire:
Type:
With tube
Size:
3.00-18 47P
Manufacturer/model:
CHENG SHIN/C-916
Rear tire:
8
Type:
With tube
Size:
130/90-15M/C 66P
Manufacturer/model:
CHENG SHIN/C-915
Loading:
Maximum load:
195 kg (430 lb) (CAL)
196 kg (432 lb) (U49)
(Total weight of rider, passenger, cargo and
accessories)
Tire air pressure (measured on cold
tires):
Loading condition:
0–90 kg (0–198 lb)
Front:
175 kPa (25 psi) (1.75 kgf/cm²)
Rear:
200 kPa (29 psi) (2.00 kgf/cm²)
Loading condition:
90–195 kg (198–430 lb) (CAL)
90–196 kg (198–432 lb) (U49)
Front:
200 kPa (29 psi) (2.00 kgf/cm²)
Rear:
225 kPa (33 psi) (2.25 kgf/cm²)
Front wheel:
Wheel type:
Spoke wheel
Rim size:
18x1.60
Rear brake:
Type:
Drum brake
Operation:
Right foot operation
Front suspension:
Type:
Telescopic fork
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel:
140.0 mm (5.51 in)
Rear suspension:
Type:
Swingarm
Spring/shock absorber type:
Coil spring/oil damper
Wheel travel:
100.0 mm (3.94 in)
Electrical system:
Rear wheel:
Ignition system:
Transistorized coil ignition (digital)
Charging system:
AC magneto
Wheel type:
Spoke wheel
Rim size:
15M/C x MT2.75
Battery:
Front brake:
Type:
Single disc brake
Operation:
Right hand operation
Recommended fluid:
DOT 4
8-2
Model:
YB10L-A
Voltage, capacity:
12 V, 10.0 Ah
Headlight:
Bulb type:
Halogen bulb
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 3 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
SPECIFICATIONS
Bulb voltage, wattage × quantity:
Headlight:
12 V, 60 W/55.0 W × 1
Tail/brake light:
12 V, 8.0 W/27.0 W × 1
Front turn signal/position light:
12 V, 27 W/8.0 W × 2
Rear turn signal light:
12 V, 27.0 W × 2
Meter lighting:
14 V, 3.0 W × 1
Neutral indicator light:
14 V, 3.0 W × 1
High beam indicator light:
12 V, 1.7 W × 1
Turn signal indicator light:
14 V, 3.0 W × 1
Fuses:
Main fuse:
20.0 A
Signaling system fuse:
10.0 A
8
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U2UJ1FE0.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26351
Identification numbers
EAU26390
EAU26400
Key identification number
Vehicle identification number
1. Key identification number
1. Vehicle identification number
The key identification number is
stamped into the key. Record this number in the space provided and use it for
reference when ordering a new key.
The vehicle identification number is
stamped into the steering head pipe.
Record this number in the space provided.
Record the key identification number,
vehicle identification number and model label information in the spaces provided below for assistance when
ordering spare parts from a Yamaha
dealer or for reference in case the vehicle is stolen.
KEY IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER:
NOTE:
The vehicle identification number is
used to identify your motorcycle and
may be used to register your motorcycle with the licensing authority in your
area.
MODEL LABEL INFORMATION:
9
9-1
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26470
Model label
1. Model label
The model label is affixed to the frame
under the rider seat. (See page 3-8.)
Record the information on this label in
the space provided. This information
will be needed when ordering spare
parts from a Yamaha dealer.
9
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CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26550
Reporting safety defects
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately
inform the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying Yamaha Motor Corporation,
U.S.A. If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group
of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or Yamaha Motor Corporation, U.S.A.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at 1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C.
area) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
9
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CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26560
Motorcycle noise regulation
TAMPERING WITH NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM PROHIBITED:
Federal law prohibits the following acts or the causing thereof: (1) The removal or rendering inoperative by any person other
than for purposes of maintenance, repair, or replacement of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use or (2) the use of
the vehicle after such device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
“AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE THE ACTS LISTED BELOW”.
These acts include tampering with the following systems; i.e., modification, removal, etc.
Exhaust system
• Muffler
• Exhaust pipe
• Silencer
Intake system
• Air cleaner case
• Air cleaner element
• Intake duct
9
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U2UJ1FE0.book Page 5 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26611
Maintenance record
Copies of work orders and/or receipts for parts purchased and installed on your motorcycle will be required to document that
maintenance has been completed in accordance with the emissions warranty. The chart below is printed only as a reminder
that maintenance work is required. It is not acceptable proof of maintenance work.
Maintenance
interval
9
Date of
service
Servicing dealer
name and address
Mileage
600 mi
(1000 km) or
1 month
4000 mi
(6000 km) or
6 months
7000 mi
(11000 km) or
12 months
10000 mi
(16000 km) or
18 months
13000 mi
(21000 km) or
24 months
16000 mi
(26000 km) or
30 months
19000 mi
(31000 km) or
36 months
22000 mi
(36000 km) or
42 months
25000 mi
(41000 km) or
48 months
9-5
Remarks
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 6 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
Maintenance
interval
Date of
service
Servicing dealer
name and address
Mileage
Remarks
28000 mi
(46000 km) or
54 months
31000 mi
(51000 km) or
60 months
9
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U2UJ1FE0.book Page 7 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26662
YAMAHA MOTOR CORPORATION, U.S.A. STREET AND ENDURO MOTORCYCLE LIMITED
WARRANTY
9
9-7
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CONSUMER INFORMATION
9
9-8
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 9 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
CONSUMER INFORMATION
EAU26750
YAMAHA EXTENDED SERVICE (Y.E.S.)
Keep your Yamaha protected even after your warranty
expires with genuine Yamaha Extended Service (Y.E.S.).
In addition, Travel and Recreation Interruption Protection
(TRIP) is included at no extra cost. TRIP gives you up to
$150 reimbursement per occurrence for any reasonable
expenses you incur because your Yamaha needs
covered service: replacement vehicle rental, emergency
towing, phone calls, even food and lodging when you are
away from home. This superb coverage goes into effect
when you purchase Y.E.S., so it applies to any warranty
repairs as well as covered repairs during your entire
Y.E.S. plan period.
Y.E.S. is designed and administered by Yamaha Motor
Corporation to provide maximum owner satisfaction. You
get uninterrupted factory-backed coverage for extra
peace of mind.
Y.E.S. is flexible. You choose the plan that’s right for
you: 12 months, 24 months, 36 months or, on certain
models, even 48 months beyond your warranty period.
Y.E.S. coverage is honored at any authorized Yamaha
dealer nationwide.
Y.E.S. is designed and administered by the same
Yamaha people who handle your warranty – and it
shows in the comprehensive coverage benefits. There
are no mileage limitations. Coverage isn’t limited to
“moving parts” or the “drive train” like many other plans.
And Y.E.S. covers manufacturing defects just like the
warranty. See the sample contract at your Yamaha
dealer to see how comforting uninterrupted factorybacked protection can be.
Y.E.S. coverage is transferable to a new owner if you
sell or trade-in. That can make your Yamaha much more
valuable!
This excellent Y.E.S. plan coverage is only available to
Yamaha owners like you, and only while your Yamaha is still
within the Yamaha Limited Warranty period. So visit your
authorized Yamaha dealer to get all the facts. He can show
you how easy it is to protect your investment with Yamaha
Extended Service.
You don’t have to pay anything for covered repairs.
There’s no deductible to pay, and repairs aren’t
“pro-rated.” You don’t have any “out-of-pocket” expenses
for covered repairs.
9
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CONSUMER INFORMATION
We urge you to act now. You’ll get the excellent benefits of
TRIP coverage right away, and you’ll rest easy knowing
you’ll have strong factory-backed protection even after your
Yamaha Limited Warranty expires.
A special note:
If visiting your dealer isn’t convenient, contact Yamaha with
your Primary ID number (your frame number). We’ll be
happy to help you get the Y.E.S. coverage you need.
Yamaha Service Marketing
P.O. Box 6555
Cypress, CA 90630
1-(866)-YES-EXTD (1-866-937-3983)
9
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U2UJ1FE0.book Page 1 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
INDEX
A
F
Accessories and replacement parts...... 6-17
Air filter element, cleaning..................... 6-13
Front fork, checking .............................. 6-28
Fuel......................................................... 3-5
Fuel cock ................................................ 3-6
Fuel tank cap .......................................... 3-5
Fuses, replacing ................................... 6-31
B
Battery................................................... 6-30
Brake and clutch levers, checking
and lubricating .................................... 6-27
Brake and shift pedals, checking
and lubricating .................................... 6-27
Brake fluid, changing ............................ 6-23
Brake fluid level, checking .................... 6-22
Brake lever.............................................. 3-4
Brake lever free play, adjusting............. 6-19
Brake pads and shoes, checking .......... 6-21
Brake pedal............................................. 3-4
Brake pedal position and free play,
adjusting ............................................. 6-20
D
Dimmer switch ........................................ 3-3
Drive chain, cleaning and
lubricating ........................................... 6-25
Drive chain slack................................... 6-23
E
Engine break-in....................................... 5-4
Engine oil and oil filter element ............. 6-10
Engine, starting a warm .......................... 5-2
Engine stop switch .................................. 3-3
R
Rear brake light switch, adjusting ......... 6-21
Rider seat................................................3-8
S
H
Safety defects, reporting .........................9-3
Safety information ...................................1-1
Shifting ....................................................5-2
Shift pedal ............................................... 3-4
Shock absorber assemblies, adjusting....3-9
Sidestand ..............................................3-10
Sidestand, checking and lubricating......6-27
Spark plugs, checking .............................6-8
Specifications .......................................... 8-1
Speedometer unit.................................... 3-2
Starter (choke) lever................................ 3-7
Starting and warming up a cold
engine ................................................... 5-1
Start switch..............................................3-3
Steering, checking.................................6-29
Steering lock ........................................... 3-8
Storage....................................................7-3
Supporting the motorcycle .................... 6-35
Swingarm pivots, lubricating ................. 6-28
Handlebar switches ................................ 3-2
Headlight bulb, replacing ...................... 6-32
Helmet holder ......................................... 3-9
High beam indicator light ........................ 3-2
Horn switch............................................. 3-3
I
Identification numbers ............................ 9-1
Ignition circuit cut-off system ................ 3-11
Indicator lights ........................................ 3-1
K
C
Cables, checking and lubricating .......... 6-26
Canister (for California only) ................. 6-10
Carburetor............................................. 6-14
Care ........................................................ 7-1
Clutch lever ............................................. 3-3
Clutch lever free play, adjusting............ 6-18
Part locations .......................................... 2-1
Pre-operation check list...........................4-2
Key identification number ....................... 9-1
L
Labels, location of................................... 1-5
M
Main switch............................................. 3-1
Maintenance and lubrication, periodic .... 6-4
Maintenance, emission control
system.................................................. 6-3
Maintenance, periodic ............................ 6-1
Maintenance record................................ 9-5
Model label ............................................. 9-2
N
Neutral indicator light.............................. 3-1
Noise regulation...................................... 9-4
P
Panel, removing and installing................ 6-8
Parking ................................................... 5-4
T
Tail/brake light bulb, replacing ..............6-33
Throttle cable free play, checking ......... 6-15
Throttle grip and cable, checking
and lubricating .................................... 6-26
Tires ......................................................6-15
Tool kit..................................................... 6-1
Troubleshooting .................................... 6-39
Troubleshooting chart ...........................6-40
U2UJ1FE0.book Page 2 Wednesday, May 17, 2006 10:15 AM
INDEX
Turn signal indicator light........................ 3-1
Turn signal light bulb, replacing............ 6-34
Turn signal switch................................... 3-3
V
Valve clearance .................................... 6-15
Vehicle identification number.................. 9-1
W
Warranty, extended ................................ 9-9
Warranty, limited..................................... 9-7
Wheel bearings, checking .................... 6-29
Wheel (front) ......................................... 6-35
Wheel (rear).......................................... 6-37
Wheels.................................................. 6-17
YAMAHA MOTOR CO., LTD.
PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER
PRINTED IN JAPAN
2006.05-0.5×1 CR
(E)
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