Zoeller | FM2102 | User's Manual | Zoeller FM2102 User's Manual

Zoeller FM2102 User's Manual
FM2102
1207
Supersedes
1107
NOTICE TO INSTALLER: Instructions must remain with installation.
Product information presented
here reflects conditions at time
of publication. Consult factory
regarding discrepancies or
inconsistencies.
MAIL TO: P.O. BOX 16347 • Louisville, KY 40256-0347
SHIP TO: 3649 Cane Run Road • Louisville, KY 40211-1961
(502) 778-2731 • 1 (800) 928-PUMP • FAX (502) 774-3624
visit our web site:
www.zoeller.com
ZOELLER ON-SITE WASTEWATER PRODUCTS
OWNER’S MANUAL
Effluent Turbine Submersible Pumps
Congratulations on the purchase of the Zoeller
Effluent Turbine Submersible Pump. For over sixty years the name
Zoeller has represented the standard for submersible sump and
sewage pumps. The same high quality workmanship and easy
maintenance design has been incorporated into this line of on-site
wastewater products. This Zoeller system will provide years of
trouble-free service when installed according to the manufacturer
recommendations.
This manual incorporates the installation, operation, maintenance,
and service instructions into one document to aid in the ownership
of a Zoeller on-site wastewater product. Please read and review this
manual before installing the product. Many items contained within,
when followed correctly, will not only ensure a long and problem-free
life for the system, but also save time and money during installation.
Should further assistance be necessary please call our Technical
Service department at 1-800-928-PUMP.
Table of Contents
Safety Instructions
Safety Instructions .......................................................................... 1
Limited Warranty............................................................................. 2
Preinstallation Information .............................................................. 2
Pump Performance Data .............................................................3-4
Electrical Data ............................................................................... 5
Major Components ........................................................................ 5
Pump Installation and Wiring Diagram ........................................... 6
System Wiring Instructions ............................................................. 6
Splicing Underground Wires ........................................................... 7
Start-up and Maintenance .............................................................. 7
Troubleshooting & Service Checklist .............................................. 7
Typical Installations ....................................................................... 8
TO AVOID SERIOUS OR FATAL PERSONAL INJURY OR MAJOR
PROPERTY DAMAGE, READ AND FOLLOW ALL SAFETY
INSTRUCTIONS IN MANUAL AND ON PUMP.
Owner’s Information
Model Number: ______________________ Date Code: _________________
Job Name: ______________________________________________________
Dealer: _________________________________________________________
Date of Purchase:
_______________________________________________
Contractor: _____________________________________________________
THIS MANUAL IS INTENDED TO ASSIST IN THE INSTALLATION
AND OPERATION OF THIS UNIT AND MUST BE KEPT WITH
THE PUMP.
This is a SAFETY ALERT SYMBOL.
When you see this symbol on the pump or in the
manual, look for one of the following signal words
and be alert to the potential for personal injury or
property damage.
Warns of hazards that WILL cause serious personal
injury, death or major property damage.
Warns of hazards that CAN cause serious personal
injury, death or major property damage.
Warns of hazards that CAN cause personal injury
or property damage.
Indicates special instructions which are very
important and must be followed.
Date of Installation: _______________________________________________
THOROUGHLY REVIEW ALL INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS
PRIOR TO PERFORMING ANY WORK ON THIS PUMP.
System Readings During Operation: Voltage __________ Amps _________
MAINTAIN ALL SAFETY DECALS.
© Copyright 2007 Zoeller Co. All rights reserved.
020216
Limited Warranty
Manufacturer warrants, to the purchaser and subsequent owner during
the warranty period, every new product to be free from defects in material
and workmanship under normal use and service, when properly used
and maintained, for a period of one year from date of purchase by the
end user, or 18 months from date of original manufacture of the product,
whichever comes first. Parts that fail within the warranty period, one
year from date of purchase by the end user, or 18 months from the
date of original manufacture of the product, whichever comes first, that
inspections determine to be defective in material or workmanship, will be
repaired, replaced or remanufactured at Manufacturer's option, provided
however, that by so doing we will not be obligated to replace an entire
assembly, the entire mechanism or the complete unit. No allowance
will be made for shipping charges, damages, labor or other charges
that may occur due to product failure, repair or replacement.
This warranty does not apply to and there shall be no warranty for
any material or product that has been disassembled without prior
approval of Manufacturer, subjected to misuse, misapplication,
neglect, alteration, accident or act of God; that has not been installed,
operated or maintained in accordance with Manufacturer's installation
instructions; that has been exposed to outside substances including
but not limited to the following: sand, gravel, cement, mud, tar,
hydrocarbons, hydrocarbon derivatives (oil, gasoline, solvents, etc.),
or other abrasive or corrosive substances, wash towels or feminine
sanitary products, etc. in all applications other than in raw sewage
pumping applications. The warranty set out in the paragraph above
is in lieu of all other warranties expressed or implied; and we do not
authorize any representative or other person to assume for us any
other liability in connection with our products.
Contact Manufacturer at, 3649 Cane Run Road, Louisville, Kentucky
40211, Attention: Customer Service Department to obtain any needed
repair or replacement of part(s) or additional information pertaining
to our warranty.
MANUFACTURER EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR
SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES OR
BREACH OF EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTY; AND
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE AND OF MERCHANTABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO
THE DURATION OF THE EXPRESSED WARRANTY.
Some states do not allow limitations on the duration of an implied
warranty, so the above limitation may not apply to you. Some states
do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have
other rights which vary from state to state.
Preinstallation Information
1. Inspect your unit. Occasionally, products are damaged
during shipment. If the unit is damaged, contact your dealer before
using.
2. Carefully read the literature provided to familiarize yourself
with spe cif ic details re gard ing in stal la tion and use. These
materials should be retained for future reference.
3.
“Risk of electrical shock” Do not remove
power supply cord and strain relief or connect conduit directly
to the pump. Installation and checking of electrical circuits
and hardware should be performed by a qualified and licensed
electrician.
4.
Do not lift, carry, or hang pump by the
electrical cables. Damage to the electrical cables can cause
shock, burns or death.
5.
For your protection, make certain the
pump ground wire is properly connected to the ground
wire with the incoming power line. Test for ground at the
junction box using an Underwriters Laboratory listed circuit analyzer
which will indicate if the power, neutral and ground wires are correctly
connected. If in doubt, call a qualified licensed electrician.
6.
Make certain that the receptacle is within
the reach of the pump’s power supply cord. DO NOT USE
AN EXTENSION CORD. Extension cords that are too long
or too light do not deliver sufficient voltage to the pump motor. But,
more important, they could present a safety hazard if the insulation
were to become damaged or the connection end were to get wet.
7.
Make sure the pump electrical supply
circuit is equipped with fuses or circuit breakers of proper
capacity. A separate branch circuit is recommended, and
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
sized according to the “National Electrical Code” for the current
shown on the pump nameplate.
DO NOT run the pump dry. DO NOT run the pump
with a completely closed discharge. DO NOT pump chemical or
corrosive liquids. Failure to follow above warnings could result in
damage to the pump, voiding the warranty and causing personal
injury.
Check to be sure your power source is capable
of handling the voltage requirements of the motor, as indicated on
the pump nameplate.
The installation of pumps using auxiliary variable level float switches
is the responsibility of the installing party. Care should be taken
such that the tethered float switch will not hang up and are secured
so that the pump will turn on and off properly.
Water hammer creates momentary high pressure
surges. These surges can cause severe damage to check valves
and the piping system. Consideration for water hammer must be
included in the piping system design. Reference ASPE Data Book,
Chapter 2.33. Some systems may require external spring or lever
weighted check valves or other engineered solutions.
In cold climates the discharge pipe may be subject
to freezing. If the riser on the septic tank is above the frost line, it will
be necessary to protect the system from freeze up. The discharge
pipe can be insulated or the check valve can be removed. If the
check valve is removed, the “on-off” cycle must be adjusted for
any back-flow from the discharge line.
According to the state of California (Prop 65), this
product contains chemicals known to the state of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
© Copyright 2007 Zoeller Co. All rights reserved.
2
© Copyright 2007 Zoeller Co. All rights reserved.
3
TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD
0
8
16
24
32
40
48
56
64
72
80
88
96
104
112
120
128
136
144
152
160
MODEL
LITERS
GALLONS
40
80
120
160
200
240
280
320
360
400
440
480
520
FEET
0
8
16
4
8
32
10
40
FLOW PER MINUTE
24
6
1 HP - 13 STAGE
3/4 HP10 STAGE
1/2 HP- 5 STAGE
2
1/2 HP
7 STAGE
Gal.
Liters
14.5
54.9
13.1
49.6
11.6
43.9
9.6
36.3
7.1
26.9
2.0
7.6
------------241 ft. (73.6m)
12
48
14
56
3/4 HP
10 STAGE
Gal.
Liters
14.1
53.4
13.0
49.2
11.8
44.7
10.6
40.1
9.3
35.2
7.6
28.8
5.6
21.2
3.2
12.1
------401 ft. (122.2m)
PUMP PERFORMANCE CURVE
11 GPM
1 1/4" NPT DISCHARGE
1/2 HP
5 STAGE
Gal.
Liters
14.4
54.5
12.1
45.8
9.4
35.6
5.5
20.8
----------------177 ft. (54.0m)
TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD/FLOW
PER MINUTE EFFLUENT
1/2 HP- 7 STAGE
Feet
Meters
40
12.2
80
24.4
120
36.6
160
48.8
200
61
240
73.2
280
85.3
320
97.5
360
109.7
400
121.9
440
134.1
480
146.3
Shut-off Head:
METERS
16
64
18
1 HP
13 STAGE
Gal.
Liters
14.6
55.3
13.7
51.9
12.8
48.5
12.0
45.4
11.0
41.6
9.9
37.5
8.7
32.9
7.3
27.6
5.6
21.2
3.7
14.0
1.8
6.8
504 ft. (153.6m)
015413
Pump Performance Data
015414
© Copyright 2007 Zoeller Co. All rights reserved.
4
0
8
16
24
32
40
48
56
64
72
80
88
96
LITERS
GALLONS
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
0
20
40
10
1/2 HP- 4 STAGE
3/4 HP
6 STAGE
20
80
25
FLOW PER MINUTE
60
15
1 1/2 HP- 10 STAGE
1 HP- 7 STAGE
5
100
30
120
35
1 HP
7 STAGE
Liters
Gal.
141.9
37.5
135.5
35.8
129
34.1
32.3
122.3
30.4
115.1
28.3
107.1
26
98.4
23.4
88.6
20.5
77.6
17.2
65.1
7.1
26.9
--------222 Ft. (67.7m)
3/4 HP
6 STAGE
Liters
Gal.
35.9
135.9
129.5
34.2
32.3
122.3
30.4
115
28
106
25.4
96.1
22.3
84.4
18.7
70.8
13.7
51.9
------------190 Ft. (57.9m)
PUMP PERFORMANCE CURVE
27 GPM
1 1/4" NPT DISCHARGE
1/2 HP
4 STAGE
Gal.
Liters
124.5
32.9
113.9
30.1
99.9
26.4
84.4
22.3
60.9
16.1
18.9
5
------------------122 Ft. (37.2m)
MODEL
TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD / FLOW
PER MINUTE EFFLUENT
Feet
Meters
20
6.1
40
12.2
60
18.3
24.4
80
30.5
100
36.6
120
140
42.7
160
48.8
180
54.9
200
61
220
67.1
240
73.2
260
79.3
280
85.3
300
91.4
Shut-off Head:
TOTAL DYNAMIC HEAD
METERS
FEET
140
1 1/2 HP
10 STAGE
40
Gal.
Liters
37.4
141.6
36.3
137.4
35.2
133.3
34.3
129.8
32.9
124.5
31.8
120.4
30.3
114.7
28.9
109.4
27.3
103.3
25.8
97.7
24.1
91.2
22.0
83.3
19.5
73.8
16.5
62.5
12.4
46.9
311 Ft. (94.8m)
015045
Pump Performance Data
015044
Electrical Data for Zoeller Effluent Turbine Pumps
Locked
Rotor
Amps
KVA
Code
970
970
1325
1600
2250
2650
64.4
32.2
40.7
48.7
56.8
51.0
R
R
N
N
L
G
30
15
20
25
35
30
15
8
10
11
15
15
1.0 - 1.3
4.2 - 5.2
3.0 - 3.6
2.2 - 2.7
1.5 - 1.9
1.6 - 2.3 M
5.2 - 7.15 S
3650
82.0
G
45
20
.9 - 1.5 M
3.0 - 4.9 S
Volts Phase Hz
Maximum
S.F. Amps Watts
1/2
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/2
2
115
230
230
230
230
230
1
1
1
1
1
1
60
60
60
60
60
60
1.6
1.6
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.25
3
230
1
60
1.15
HP
12
6
8
9.8
13.1
Y 13.2
B 11.9
R 2.6
Y 14.0
B 14.5
R 4.5
Fuse/Circuit
Breaker Amps
Std.
Delay
Winding
Resistance
Line to Line
Major Components
1. Submersible Effluent Turbine Pump - A submersible effluent
turbine pump is a multistage centrifugal design pump. Each stage
consists of an impeller and diffuser. Water pressure increases in
equal amounts as it passes from stage to stage. The more stages,
the higher the pressure the pump will develop.
switches can result in failure of the pump and void the warranty.
A minimum of two float switches should be used in each
application:
• A pump control float switch
• A high water alarm float switch
To correctly select a pump for a specific application, the following
information must be known:
• The amount of discharge required in GPM or LPM
• The total dynamic head required in feet or meters
Use this information along with the performance data found on the
previous page to make your selection.
4. Piping - The submersible effluent turbine pump can be installed
with schedule 40 PVC pipe. The pipe size should be 1¼” diameter
for the 11 GPM to 27 GPM pump series and 2” diameter for the 35
GPM pump series.
General piping from the pump to a splitter, distribution box, drain
field etc., should be the same diameter as stated above. For long
pipe runs consult friction loss tables for correct pipe sizing.
2. Control Panel - Submersible effluent turbine pumps require the
use of an above ground control panel or junction box with a pump
control switch for proper operation. Operation of these pumps
without a control panel or junction box with a pump control switch
can result in failure of the pump and void the warranty.
5. Check Valve - A check valve is required in all duplex systems. It is
also required when a large amount of effluent can backflush into the
system causing rapid cycling of the pump.
3. Float Switches - All submersible effluent turbine pumps are
nonautomatic. The use of float switches are required for the proper
operation of the pump. Operation of these pumps without float
A 1/8” weep hole must be drilled in the side of the discharge
head when using a check valve (see drawing below for drill
location).
SK2222
© Copyright 2007 Zoeller Co. All rights reserved.
5
Pump Installation and Wiring Diagram
1. Submersible effluent turbine pumps may be installed in any application
where relatively clear effluent, such as from a dosing tank or high
head STEP system etc., is being pumped.
8. An alarm should be used with any system using a pump. Follow
the wiring diagram with the alarm for installation and check your
local codes.
2. Pumps should always be installed vertically. Pumps should never
be installed horizontally.
9. Run the appropriate power to the control panel from a fused (circuit
breaker) disconnect. The appropriate power supply information
may be found on the pump nameplate.
3. Because of their low temperature rise, pumps under 2 HP do not
require a flow inducer sleeve.
4. Mount the junction box in its permanent position.
5. Run prewired conduit, or equivalent submersible cable from the
junction box to a fused disconnect or, if applicable, the control
panel.
10. To provide a suitable ground, a separate ground wire (green or
bare) at least as large as the line conductors is required. It is
connected from the electrical disconnect box to the control panel,
to the junction box and to the green ground wire of the submersible
motor lead.
11. Always disconnect all power when installing or servicing the
pump.
6. Feed the pump power cord and float switch cords into the junction
box.
7. Make the connections in the junction box using the wiring diagrams
below. If you are using a control panel or a filtered STEP system,
follow the wiring diagrams and instructions included with them.
230 VOLT
FUSED DISCONNECT
(CIRCUIT BREAKER)
115 VOLT
FUSED DISCONNECT
(CIRCUIT BREAKER)
WHITE
BLACK
CONTROL PANEL
TO
POWER SUPPLY
GROUND
ZOELLER 115 VOLT
EFFLUENT TURBINE PUMP
1/2HP
L1 L2 YEL BLK RED
FRANKLIN ELECTRIC
CAPACITOR BOX
GREEN
BLACK
GREEN
WHITE
115V
FLOAT SWITCH
TO
FLOAT SWITCHES
GREEN
BLACK
WHITE
JUNCTION
BOX
GREEN
WHITE
BLACK
BLACK
WHITE
WHITE
WHITE
BLACK
BLACK
GREEN
GREEN
JUNCTION
BOX
WHITE
GROUND
BLACK
BLACK
WHITE
WHITE
BLACK
WHITE
BLACK
230 VOLT LINE
115 VOLT LINE
230V
FLOAT SWITCH
ZOELLER 230 VOLT
EFFLUENT TURBINE PUMP
2HP & 3HP
ZOELLER 230 VOLT
EFFLUENT TURBINE PUMP
1/2HP - 1 1/2HP
SK2221A
SK2221B
© Copyright 2007 Zoeller Co. All rights reserved.
6
SK2250
Splicing Underground Wires
Splicing of wires to be buried must be done according to the National Electrical Code. Wire connectors or splicing means installed on conductors
for direct burial shall be listed for such use.
Start-up and Maintenance
Before placing the equipment into operation the following must be
checked:
•
Septic tank and/or pump chamber should be pumped and cleaned
prior to installation in existing system.
•
Septic tank and/or pump chamber must be watertight.
•
Installation needs to be according to instructions.
•
Installation should include an easy access riser and tamper resistant
lid.
•
Filter assembly needs to be in place and secure.
•
Float tree needs to be in place, secure and adjusted for proper
cycling.
•
Make sure float switches are free to move within the basin.
•
Be sure electrical connections are watertight and conform
to the Uniform Building Code and the National Electrical
Code (NEC).
•
Fill the septic tank and/or pump chamber with water and check the
system for operation.
After installing the pump into the containment area with adequate
submergence, open the discharge valve fully. Start the unit using manual
controls. If flow is appreciably less than rated performance, pump may
be air locked. To expel trapped air, jog the unit several times, using
the manual controls.
Have a qualified electrician take voltage and current measurements
on the black wire of single phase. Record these readings in the
space provided in the “Owner’s Information” section on the front this
manual for future reference.
Be sure to complete all items such as installing the lid on the riser,
securely closing the control panel, and checking the system operation
have been completed before placing the system into service.
Routine maintenance should include:
• Service filter in STEP system and/or septic tank.
• Clean pump screen.
• Make sure the check valve is functioning properly.
• Check wire connections.
• Make sure the weep hole is clear.
• Make sure the float switches are free to move within the basin.
• Make sure there are no leaks in the plumbing.
• Make sure there is no excessive noise while the pump is
running.
Troubleshooting and Service Checklist
ELECTRICAL PRECAUTIONS- Before servicing a pump, always shut off the main power breaker and then unplug
the pump - making sure you are not standing in water and wearing insulated protective sole shoes. Under flooded conditions, contact
your local electric company or a qualified licensed electrician for disconnecting electrical service prior to pump removal.
CONDITION
COMMON CAUSES
A. Pump will not start or run.
Check fuse, low voltage, overload open, open or incorrect wiring, open switch, impeller or
seal bound mechanically, defective capacitor or relay when used, motor or wiring shorted.
Float assembly held down. Switch defective, damaged, or out of adjustment.
B. Motor overheats and trips overload or
blows fuse.
Incorrect voltage, negative head (discharge open lower than normal), impeller or seal
bound mechanically, or relay, motor shorted.
C. Pump starts and stops too often.
Check valve stuck or none installed in long distance line, overload open, level switch(es)
defective, sump pit too small, leak in the system.
D. Pump will not shut off.
Debris under float assembly bound by pit sides or other, switch defective, damaged
or out of adjustment, leak in the system.
E. Pump operates but delivers little or no
water.
Check strainer housing, discharge pipe, or if check valve is used vent hole must be
clear. Discharge head exceeds pump capacity. Low or incorrect voltage. Incorrect
motor rotation. Capacitor defective. Incoming water containing air or causing air to
enter pumping chamber.
F. Drop in head and/or capacity after a
period of use.
Increased pipe friction, clogged line or check valve. Abrasive material and adverse
chemicals could possibly deteriorate impeller and pump housing. Check line. Remove
unit and inspect.
If the above checklist does not uncover the problem, consult the factory - Do not attempt to service or otherwise disassemble pump.
Service must be by Zoeller Authorized Service Stations.
© Copyright 2007 Zoeller Co. All rights reserved.
7
Typical Installations
ALL INSTALLATIONS REQUIRE A FILTER BEFORE THE PUMP.
WARNING!
Z
P/N
Z OELLER
ZOELLER EFFLUENT
TURBINE PUMP
NOTE: Flow must
be directed around
the motor for cooling
on 2 HP and higher
units.
SK2220
SEPTIC TANK
!
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK
HAZARD
Z
C
O
P/N 10-1193
REV. A
Z 0ELLER
PUMP CO.
LOUISVILLE, KY
ZOELLER EFFLUENT
TURBINE PUMP
SEPTIC TANK
www.zoeller.com
MAIL TO: P.O. BOX 16347
Louisville, KY 40256-0347
SHIP TO: 3649 Cane Run Road
Louisville, KY 40211-1961
(502) 778-2731 • 1 (800) 928-PUMP
FAX (502) 774-3624
© Copyright 2007 Zoeller Co. All rights reserved.
Manufacturers of . .
SK2219
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