Cabinet Scrapers - MetosExpo

Cabinet Scrapers - MetosExpo
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READER SERVICE
Professionals
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NO. 84
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READ
ER SERVICE NO. 196
•
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from
MiniMax isn't your
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IAdjustarta ble,nr briplade
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fence
typical band saw. It's
half the price of
x
comparable
20"
models. Yet it's
packed with standard
1IIIII!!�!!!!Iia
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vibration-free
rip cuts and
dimensioning wood
pieces to size . And
when it comes to
simplicity of opera­
tion and low mainte­
S
4
5
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:
ion
8
3
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SCMICoaper
2475 Satel itwwwe Blv.ds.cmDui-ulustah.c,oGemorgia 30136
nance, the
beats
more expensive band
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READ
ER SERVICE NO. 114
The Origi n a l
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Still The B e s t
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READ
ER SERVICE NO.
73
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READ
ER SERVICE NO. 125
March/April 1997
3
Fme
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-===�__...
____
DEPARTMENTS
616 &
28
100
106
11 80 mm
122
the Cover:
Letters
Questions
Answers
Straightening a kinked saw;
Safe speed for large router bits;
Bandsaw rehab
Methods of Work
Frictionjree drawer guides;
Adjustable insertfor router tables;
Clamping boards at odd angles
Tool Forum
Jet 13-in. planer/molder;
Delta spindle sander
Reviews
The Woodwright's Apprentice;
Woodworking for the Serious
Beginner; Tools of the Trade
Events
Notes and Co
ent
Hooked onfishing lures;
Woodworking in Brazil
Cock beading a drawer,
p. 38
First Person
On
Monroe Robinson surfaces
a tabletop in curly white
oak with a cabinet
scraper, without fear of
tearing or chipping the
wood. He explains how
to select these tools and
prepare them for use,
beginning on p.
82.
Vincent Laurence
Fine Woodworking
Photo:
Gouges for the lathe, p.
70
Housed sliding dovetails, p.
62
(lSSN 0361-3453) is published bimonthly, January, March, May, July, September and November, by The Taunton Press, Tnc., Newtown, CT 06470-5506.
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ARTICLES
38
41 beIncaids'esdcbeountadsr:ytchoeuscoinck
44
48
5054 Making checkered inlay
62
66
Cock Beads Dress Up
a Drawer
A 1 7th-century detail stands
the test of time
by Garrett Hack
No-Frills Router Table
Build it in an afternoon
for about the cost of a good bit
by Gary Rogowski
Pear Mantel Clock
Clean lines and few details
make this clock handsome
and easy to build
by Mario Rodriguez
Contractor's Tablesaws
The editors of Fine Woodworking
survey six saws and find
differences in detailing and cost
Housed Sliding
Dovetails
70
74
79
82
85 Extscraepneder mord bodye soglieves
86
Gouges for the Lathe
Selecting and sharpening spindle,
bowl and roughing-out gouges
by Ernie Conover
A Drafting Table
for Shop or Home
Torsion-box top and simple
joinery make a light, sturdy table
by Cameron Russell
hin
Dry-Brus
g
Wood Stains
Nofrills router table,
p. 4
Widen your range of color
possibilities using stains and tints
by Roland Johnson
Cabinet Scrapers
You'll get a smooth and flat
surface, even on hard wood
and curly grain
by Monroe Robinson
In the Land
of Klompen
A strong, hidden joint
that's idealfor large cabinets
Where they still make
and wear these wooden shoes
by Tony Konovaloff
by William Duckworth
My Kitchen Table
A knockdown design
for a man on the move
by Tim Gilchrist
Pear mantel clock,
Postmaster:
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Fine Woodworking,
The Taunton Press, Inc., 63 S. Main St., P.O. Box 5506, Newtown,
cr
06470-5506
p. 48
Printed in the USA
Letters
Tilting-top tablesaw goes way of
Stradivari probably bought his varnish
Edsel-I recently called Garrett Wade for
from his druggist and didn't know what
some information and, sadly, was told the
was in it himself. Thanks to modern
Inca 10-in. tilting-top tablesaw was no
chemiStry, better varnishes are available
longer being imported. I purchased one
today from your favorite paint store.
of these saws along with a mortising
attachment in the early 1980s. With
Modern violin makers are producing
instruments which some think perform as
Scott Gibson
Editor
Art Director
Bob Goodfellow
Vincent Laurence,
Associate Editors
William Duckworth, Anatole Burkin
careful setup, it is accurate to within a few
well or better than the old Italian fiddles.
thousandths of an inch-cut after cut. Its
The wildly inflated prices being asked for
Assistant Editor
these antique instruments lead one to
CopyjProd
put it on a wheeled stand and push it
suspect that tlleir restoration and sale has
Associate Art Director
around my cramped shop.
less to do with fine woodworking than
Editorial Secretary
small size and light weight allow me to
Is this the finest 10-in. tablesaw
with myth, romantic notions and (dare we
available? The tilting top is awkward at
say it?) fraud. The emperor is naked. The
best, and the table stand could be a few
old violin trade is mostly a scam.
inches larger all around. I would never
oo
-Neil Hendricks, Reno, Nev.
expect it to function in a large production
Doubling up on carving t
merits of tllis saw encouraged me to
Agrell, in his article on carving tools,
continue. Now I have a full-time
recommends the acquisition of carving
lS-Ian
remodeling business. I'm sure to
chisels in five groups
hundreds of your readers, this saw was
pp. 80-83). The author suggests we buy
their first exposure to such quality and
an 8mm V-parting tool in the first group
accuracy, and I would just like to say
and then repeats tllis tool in the fifth
thanks to tlle little saw that could.
group. Can you clarify the repetition?
-Steven
1.
Hunn, Rocky River, Ohio
ARR IllNN ARRE AD
G
Y C
OF G
TT W
E REPLIES:
-W
IAN
#122,
Bruce Tuckerman, San Diego, Calif.
AGRELL REPL
IES
:
The list of tools in tlle
The all-knowing safety gurus in Europe
fifth group should have included a 20mm
promulgated regulations that removed all
V-parting tool, not the 8mm V-parting
tilting-top tablesaws from the market
tool. I apologize for the confusion.
there. The only decent markets left were
A twist
drill
by any other name-I
Despite its wonderful attributes (many
tllink Fine Woodworking is the best
folks have told me it remains the very
woodworking magazine published today.
best joint-cutting tablesaw ever made),
the Inca tilting-top tablesaw will never
I look forward with great pleasure to
reading each issue. However, one thing
be a mass-market item here. The
that bothers me is when woodworking
combined potential of the Swiss and
magazines (you're not alone in doing
ourselves did not make it econonlical to
tllis) do not call a tool by its correct name.
produce the precision pressure die
Case in point: twist drills being called bits.
American and metric twist drills are
So it has disappeared (sad but true),
twist drills and nothing else. They are not
except in the Llsed equipment market
twist-drill bits. They are not twist bits nor
where it is achieving cult status to those
are they drill bits. Brad-point or bullet­
in the knOw.
point twist drills are still twist drills. Bits
are bits, such as Forstner bits, auger bits,
Going overboard with old violins­
spade bits and spoon bits. So please call
The invention of tlle violin cannot be
these tools by their correct names. You'll
(FWW
attributed with any certainty to Andrea
Amati or to anyone else
#122,
pp. 90-93). In roughly its modern form,
tlle instrument appeared ratller suddenly
around 1550, and its basic design derives
not from the ancient and honorable
family of viols (violas da gamba), but
6
rather from the three-stringed rebec.
Fine Woodworking
Deborah Surprenant
Michael Pekovich
Lee Anne Candito
Tage Frid,
Contributing Editors
R. Bruce Hoadley, Christian Becksvoort,
Robert M. Vaughan, Mario Rodriguez,
Chris Minick, Gary Rogowski
Methods of Work Jim Richey
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Telephone:
Switzerland and tlle United States.
castings that are the healt of the maclline.
on Editor
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shop. In my little shop, however, the
(FWW
Strother Purdy
ucti
Writing Rn Rrlicle
5 06, cr 06470-5 06.
Fine Woodworking is a reader-written magazine.
We welcome proposals, manuscripts, photo­
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Copyright 1997 by The Taunton Press, Inc. No reproduction
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READ
NO. 47
PO
ER SERVICE
March/April 1997
7
Letters
(col tinuell)
feel better for it. I know I will.
prying force on the joint.
I've found that a plastic feamerboard is of
I always use biscuits in side-by-side
pairs to join legs and rails. In the
considerable help in holding a plank tight
to the fence when resawing on the
Wood will never be perfect-I must
illustrated bedpost application, I'd have at
bandsaw. I sawed sU'ips from 4-in.-wide
take exception to Mr. Sellers' letter on
least four biscuits (two side-by-side
lumber just under
winding sticks, twist and warpage in
pairs), assuming the headboard is
-Norman Newlands, Lexington, Mass.
wood, and machine preparation of wood
FWW
(
#122, pp. 8, 10).
I've used jointers to face and edge-joint
3f4
lis
in. tllkk. I jointed the
plank between cuts to remove half the
in.
thick. I doubt Mr. Cohen would have any
sawmarks and surfaced tlle other side in
further problems wim joint failure if he
my planer wim me bed rollers set very
were to use enough plates to do the job.
low. Only about one strip in 20 was torn.
.
Saunders, San Francisco, Calif
-WK
I'm not a pro, just a weekend
boards and then planed them to size with
a machine planer only to have them bow
woodworker who likes to build tables
or cup later. I have had panels that were
and chairs and cabinets. The way I use
As we all know, there are no absolutes in
machine-planed and beltsanded flat
biscuits to make joints is no secret-I
woodworking but many means to a
become urillat with the passage of a Httle
merely follow the how-to instructions tllat
similar end. With tllat in mind, I would
time. I have seen cabinet doors that were
came with my slot cutter.
like to pass along some comments on
prepared by machine twist out of shape
Ronald Volbrecht's article on resawing
-Scott Smith, Bethesda, Md.
FWW
with a bandsaw (
after hanging. These situations were
Glue bottle on the cheap-Deciding I
infrequent, but to say jointers or planers
#122, pp. 74-79).
I have demonstrated portable bandsaw
or any machine can make wood perfect is
needed a squeeze glue dispenser, I said
mills at trade shows, and one trick we
ill-considered.
to myself: Why spend $15 to $20 on a
routinely used was to cut a lis-in. plank off
a log to show tlle high quality of the
commercial type when I can use tlle
Wood is alive, elastic, flexible, and a
woodworker must be flexible' as well.
nearly empty 24-oz. plastic keg-shaped
machine. All bandsaws will accomplish
There is no such thing as perfectly flat,
container for mustard with its nice twist
tlus, even in difficult woods, if you follow
perfectly square or perfectly anything. To
cap! It worked pretty well. But just
a few simple rules.
a degree, machine functions are absolute,
between us woodworkers, yellow
An
Proper tension is tantamount. A few
aliphatic glue will never replace mustard
years ago, you published an article by Jim
advantage of hand-cutting joints or
as a condiment for cheeseburgers (trust
preparing stock by hand is that both
me).
Cummins (
#63, pp. 62-67). He used
a Delta 14-in. bandsaw with a riser block
but wood is always in a state of flux.
FWW
-Rich Kjarval, Two Rivers, Wis.
methods allow a degree of flexibility to
(the same as Mr. Volbrecht's) and
achieve results. A similarity of life or art to
Low-tech improvements for
tensioned tlle blade to sound, as does Mr.
woodworking is tllat no one answer will
bandsaws-In describing how he sets up
Volbrecht. I also get consistently good
always solve the same problem.
-Anthony Guidice, St. Louis, Mo.
GIG
his bandsaw for resawing, Ronald
results on my saw with a 1/4-in. blade
Volbrecht says he has to file the ends of
tensioned to
me thumbscrew holding his blade-guide
15,000 psi. There is one big difference:
Don't ask biscuits to do too much-It
bar after severe tightening or it will twist
is understandable why Bruce Cohen has
me guide (F
WW
sharp, or aboLit
Mr. Cummins used a 1/4-in. blade and Mr.
Volbrecht uses a 1/2-in. blade. The larger
122, p. 76). I insert a
1/4-in. piece of brass or nylon that slides
blade exerts much more pressure on the
freely in the tapped hole of tlle
wheels and frame than the smaller blade,
The drawing of the beds Mr. Cohen made
thumbscrew to protect the guide bar.
in turn, causing parts to fail sooner.
shows a joint with only two biscuits, one
These pieces can be hack-sawed from a
over me other. This type of configuration
nylon or brass bolt, tlle smoom section
configuration also are important. Mr.
provides inadequate stiffness, and any
between head and threads.
Volbrecht Llses a skip-tooth blade,
had bad luck with using biscuits in bed­
FWW
frame construction (
#121, p. 10).
racking of tlle frame exerts tremendous
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25
READER SERVICE NO.
MarchjApri1 1997
9
Letters
(COlltbllel d)
tooth blade (that's also my preference).
thoroughly. When I was done, I had five
choosing or fine-tuning a belt sander,
The skip tooth has a larger gullet, which
rags coated with stiff, dried polyurethane.
plane or cordless drill, I'm gonna scream.
gives slightly more room for sawdust and
After the last coat of finish had dried, I
-Richal-d Fox, Gloucestel; England
gives a slightly smootller cut. But the
could feel some very fine dust on the
hook tooth is more aggressive, which
surface, but I was reluctant to finish-sand
Gary Rogowski's article on mortising with
allows for higher feed rates and will not
the surface. It occurred to me tllat
a router is excellent. But tllere's one point
to
dull as quickly under normal conditions.
burnishing the surface witll the dried-out
I'm confused about. In detailing how
Mr. Volbrecht says it takes him about
6 minutes to resaw an 8-in. by 3-ft. plank.
application rags would polish tlle surface.
make a template by attaching a piece of
The finish on the rags and the finish on
hardboard to a wooden fence and then
His saw has a %-hp motor. I use a 1-hp
the wood were the same.
slotting the hardboard, he says, "To be
motor for resawing 6-in. ash, walnut and
sure tlle slot is parallel with the fence­
The more pressure I applied to the rag,
cherry and achieve consistent results with
the smoother the surface seemed to get.
which ensures that me mortise is square
a much higher rate of feed. -Bob Houston,
The rag conformed to any and all curves
to the stock you're routing-tack the
with equally good results and witll no
hardboard back a little bit from the edge."
Owen Sound, Ont., Canada
What does he mean by "square to me
removal of the finish on sharp corners.
So long, Fine Woodworking-After 20
stock you're routing"? Also, I don't
Furthermore, there was no scratching of
years as a Fine Woodworking subscriber,
the surface. I would appreciate any
understand how offsetting the hardboard
I've decided to call it quits. Quite frankly, I
comments regarding this technique by
from the edge of the fence ensures
do not find your magazine as interesting
your wood-finishing consultants.
as I once did.
As far as I'm concerned, Fine
Woodworking puts entirely too much
emphasis on the first word of its title. The
magazine lacks tlle diversity that marked
its early years when it contained alticles
about wooden bridges, toy making and
the like. Perhaps these topics don't meet
your current definition of "fine
woodworking," but I would enjoy your
magazine a lot more if you covered all
genres of woodworking and let me
decide what I want to read and/or build.
At the same time that you ignore many
aspects of woodworking, you beat otller
topics to death. Just how many times will
you have to tell us how to tune up our
jointers, for example, before you realize
that you have exhausted the topic?
Finally, my tastes in furniture and
woodworking projects are simply not the
same as yours. I wouldn't allow a
Philadelphia highboy, Windsor chair or
piecrust table into my house unless you
held a gun to my head, and I'm not
interested in tackling projects that take
months to complete. I prefer modern
designs, like those of James Krenov, and
simpler projects that I can complete in a
weekend or in a few days. In other words,
lighten up!
-Michael Bitsko, Santa Cruz, Calif.
hin
Finis
g with oily rags-I recently
squareness. It would seem that making
-Joseph DeFilippo, Monroe, Conn.
NTRIB
CO
UTIN
G EDITOR
CHRI MINI
S
liES
CK REP
:
Well, you have stumbled across anotller
one of those secret professional finishing
techniques. Dry burnishing can add a
wonderfully smooth, lived-with patina
to
new furniture. Successful dry burnishing
-David Freedman, Cross Plains, Wis.
GO
GARY RO
WSKI REPliES:
Mr. Freedman's
questions are good ones. I suppose a
better way of putting it is: "which ensures
that the mortise is parallel to tlle edge of
use a wad of paper towels in my shop.
the stock you're routing."
Best results are obtained when the finish
As to me hardboard's position, the
is dry to the touch, but still soft enough to
wooden block used for tlle fence must
move under the pressure of the
burnishing clOtll. As a rule, waterborne
be milled with parallel sides. This will
ensure that any indexing done off its
finishes burnish best about 1 to 11/2 hours
outer face will be parallel to its inner one.
after tlley appear dly.
Then, to avoid any difficulties or concerns
Alky
d and
polyurethane varnishes have a
with lining up tlle hardboard exactly to
conSiderably wider window, anywhere
me edge of tlle wooden block, it is just
from 3
to
24 hours, and solvent-based
nailed back from the edge a little. The
lacquers should be burnished almost
difference in tlle amount of bearing
immediately after dlying.
surface for the router is negligible.
On using routers to cut mortises­
Who is Gary Rogowski trying to kid in
saying that the best tool for mOitising is a
FWW
plunge router (
#121, pp. n-77)?
How can it be when it requires a special
jig and numerous stops, fences and
bushings to guide and control tlle tool?
The best tool is a chain or hollow-chisel
stationary machine. Period. The router is
versatile, but it's outmatched evelY time by
a dedicated machine. Articles containing
such misleading generalizations deter the
serious woodworker from continuing
lint-free cotton rags. After applying a coat
with Fine Woodwol-king.
Fine Woodworking
squareness, and it would give more of a
bearing surface for the router base.
rag used as the burnishing tool. I usually
finished a two-drawer chess table with oil­
10
fence would be more likely to ensure
relies more on proper timing than on tlle
based polyurethane, wiped on with soft,
of finish, I spread out the rag and let it dry
me hardboard flush witll tlle edge of the
Also, if there is another article on
About your safety:
Working wood is inherently danger­
ous. Using hand or power tools
improperly or ignoring standard safe­
ty practices can lead to permanent
injury or even death. Don't try to
perform operations you learn about
here (or elsewhere) until you're cer­
tain they are safe for you. If someming
about an operation doesn't feel right,
don't do it. Look for another way. We
want you to enjoy tlle craft, so please
keep safety foremost in your mind
whenever you're in tlle shop.
-Scott Gibson, editor
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READER SERVICE 154
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14
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ITS ALL THE PoWER You NEED�
kink
Straightening bent
or
ed handsaws
Is there any way to straighten a bent
blade on a handsaw, especially those on
backsaws? I enjoy using antique hand
tools and have passed over some
otherwisefine saws because of this
defect. -James Leach, Clifton Park,
Fred Wilder replies: Crookedness
N.Y.
must be removed using a different
courses, which are offered by a variety
of schools, including the Center for
technique. I Sight along the saw to
Furniture Craftsmanship (25 Mill St.,
A kink has an obvious focal point, and
determine the apex of the kink and mark
Rockport, ME 04856; 207-594-561 1 ). If
it with chalk, also marking out the extent
of the kink.
you already have some woodworking
To remove the kink, I place a block of
experience, you might also seek
employment with a small shop that
hardwood on a solid support and lay the
specializes in the Shaker style.
saw on the block with the marked side of
the kink face up. Then, using a light
Best of luck.
[Chris Becksvoort is a profeSSional
The difference is that bends don't have a
hanuner with a convex face, I strike a
furnituremaker in New Gloucester, Maine.
definite, visible center point. A kinked
series of light blows around the kink, as
He is a contributing editor to Fine
saw does. Take heart-both problems
shown in the drawing. Go easy, and
can be corrected.
repeat until the kink has flattened out.
comes in two varieties: bends and kinks.
A bent saw can be straightened with
Straightening a backsaw also is done
hand pressure. I place my hands over the
with a hanuner. If the back is bent, lay it
toothed edge, thumbs on the convex side,
on the block and straighten it first-then
farther apart for long bends and closer for
work on the kink.
short ones. I bend the saw just like I
Never lay a saw on an anvil and strike it
would break a stick, and then I check for
with a steel hammer. It will scratch the
straightness. I repeat this operation until
saw and adversely affect the tension.
the saw is straight. Often, this forceful
[Fred Wilder trained as a forester and
back bend has to be quite severe. Perhaps
worked as a logger and carpenter before
I've been lucky, but I have never broken
World War II. He's been straightening and
a saw this way.
sharpening saws since the 1930s.]
Straightening a kinked handsaw
To straighten a kinked saw, strike light blows
around the kink in the order shown. Repeat
until the saw is straight.
furniture
Where to learn how
to build Shaker
I am an A ustralian woodworker and
have a greatpassion for Shaker
furniture. I would like to learn
furnituremaking in the United States
because no training of this sort is
offered here. I would also like to gain
more of an understanding of the place
where this style began. Do you know of
any programs thatfocus specifically on
the making of Shakerfurniture?
-Nick Barratt, Sydney, Australia
Chris Becksvoort replies: I am
N.H.
pumice, not glue. Pumice excels as an
abrasive for rubbing out a finish, but it
has one drawback: It must be removed
completely. Otherwise, the whitish
residue you described may appear.
Pumice is volcanic glass with a very
high silica content. This gives pumice a
low refractive index, which means that in
liquid mediums, such as oil, it is
transparent. In your case, what happened
is that the oil/pumice mixture you used to
rub out the varnish got into the small
crack in the finish layer where the ebony
in Shaker furniture construction. I'm not
is set into the mahogany. As long as the
sure what background and training you
oil medium surrounds the pumice
already have, but a good foundation of
particles, the pumice is invisible.
hand-tool skills and basic machine
Eventually the oil dissipates, usually by
techniques will stand you in good stead,
being absorbed into the wood. When the
regardless of the style of furniture you're
oil no longer surrounds the pumice
interested in. To become a medical
particles, the pumice becomes visible
doctor, you go to medical school. Only
once again as a white powder.
then, after you've mastered the basics, do
Avoiding the problem is easy. When I'm
using pumice, I mix it with water-soluble
Many woodworkers here in the United
Fine Woodworking
ce residue in inlay
Several years ago, I inlaid a Ifs-in.
decorative ebony strip around a
mahogany drawerfront. After gluing
the ebony in place, Ifinished the drawer
with varnish and rubbed out thefinish
with pumice.
Recently, I noticed a fine, whitish line
at thejunction of the mahogany and
ebony. Is this due to m isapplied glue
(I used white aliphatic resin) or some
otherfactor?
-Lloyd Potter, Hampton Falls,
JeffJewitt replies: You're seeing
unaware of any school that specializes
you choose to specialize in a field.
16
Pumi
Woodworking magazine.]
dyes the color of the wood. As long as
States are self-taught. Some have attended
you have enough finish on the wood, the
formal, multi-year programs such as the
dye will not add any color. If you insist on
one at the NOlth Bennet Street School
using pumice with rubbing oil, use oil­
(North Bennet St., Boston, MA 02113;
soluble dyes or pigments mixed with the
617-227-0155). Others have taken short
oil. If this sounds like too much bother,
Drawing: Vince
Babak
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ER SERVICE NO. 122
READ
March/April 1997
17
Q &A
(coutiuued)
use maroon-colored synthetic steel wool
lowest setting, especially when you start it
[Robert Vaughan tunes, restores and
instead of pumice. This has the same
up. If you don't have a variable-speed
rebuilds woodworking machinery in
router, then you can buy a speed-control
Loca arbo
abrasive cutting action as 4F pumice.
As far as correcting the problem you
now have, removing pumice is very
difficult, if not impossible. You'll have to
unit from many of the woodworking­
supply companies.
These units work much like a light­
mmin
cover it up. Wiping on a dark water­
di
soluble dye will cover up the white
recommend bit speeds for large-diameter
g switch. Most bit manufacturers
pumice. An old trick is simply wiping
bits. With a 3-in. bit in your router, 10,000
some dark shoe polish on the area. Using
to 12,000 rpm is a much safer speed.
a pigmented paste wax such as Antiquax
[Gary Rogowski is a professional
brown paste wax or Liberon Tudor oak
furnituremaker in Portland, Ore. He is a
also will cover up the problem.
contributing editor to Fine Woodworking
Ueff Jewitt restores and conserves
magaZine.]
furniture and sells finishing supplies in
Wha peed
Royalton, Ohio.]
larg
ts
for
e rou
bits?
I have some questions about using large
router bits. In my router table, I have
a Makita 3-hp router that runs at
23, 000 rpm. I use large bits (uP to 3 in.
across) in this router. In other articles, I
have noticed that shapers ofsimilar
horsepower using similar sized cutters
operate at a slower speed. Why is this?
Should I do this with my router? And if
so, how?
-Karl Graffte, Aiken, S. c.
Gary Rogowski replies: If you're using
ter
large-diameter bits, you should definitely
run your router at a much slower speed.
Is bandsaw rehab project
worth it?
I recently acquired a 30-in., model 155,
Fay Egan bandsawfor $495. The
previous owner claimed it to be a
functioning saw, and it appears to be in
good shape.
Is literature available that may show
or describe guat'd configuration, paint
color or even any general information
on the Fay Egan Co. ? Is there a way
to date this machine? Is the machine
worth what Ipaidfor it, considering
restoration costs?
-Steven Speich, Hayward, Wis.
Robert Vaughan replies: Unfommately,
&
&
Imagine a 1/2-in. shank bit with a 3-in.
I am not familiar with your model
cutting diameter spinning at 25,000 rpm.
bandsaw. The Fay
At the edge of the liz-in. shank, the bit is
out of business for quite some time, and
&
Egan Co. has been
spinning at approximately 37 mph. But at
I'm not aware of any company that owns
the very edge, the bit is moving at
the parts franchise. That doesn't
nific
approximately 223 mph.
Heat build-up at the cutting edge is
sig
ant. This can burn the cut and the
bit, leading to carbide chipping or worse.
necessarily mean that one doesn't exist.
Without inspecting the machine in
Roanoke, Va.]
ting a tablesaw blade
with a 3/4-in.
r hole
I have an old Boice-Crane la-in.
tablesaw Recently, I decided to replace
the blade on it with a carbide-tipped
·blade. To my surprise, I couldn 'tfind a
lO-in. carbide-tipped blade with the
314-in. arbor hole my saw requires. Can
you point me in the right direction?
-Walt Koziol, Elgin, Neb.
Vincent Laurence replies: Good news.
Blades are available for your saw. I called
three companies whose main business is
sawblades, and all three said they'll sell
you a lO-in. blade with a 3/4-in. arbor hole.
An An1ana Tool Corp. (800-445-0077)
representative said there's an $ 18.50
charge for the custom arbor hole. Forrest
Manufacturing (800-733-71 1 1 ) charges
$7.50. Ridge Carbide Tool (800-443-0992)
charges $ 1 4. Other blade manufacturers
would most likely oblige as well.
[Vincent Laurence is an associate editor of
Fine Woodworking magazine.]
hin
Reattac
g brass inlay
I have an antique mahogany tall clock
that is about 150 years old. The clock is
in excellent shape exceptfor some brass
inlay on the lower section of the case
that has come loose. What is the best
way to reattach this brass inlay?
-George Floyd, Wynnewood, Pa.
Garrett Hack replies: I have to assume
person, its difficult to assess its value. The
that the piece of brass inlay was glued in
price of old bandsaws varies depending
cross-grain and that wood movement
on the local demand at the time of sale.
over many years has loosened it. Swings
bits, but they're nm at low speeds, as
At the upper end of the scale, a new,
in temperature are another possible
you've noticed, to keep down the speed
30-in. bandsaw of the same quality as
at the edge of the bit (the rim speed). This
some of the Fay
Shapers regularly use wide-diameter
&
Egans that I've seen
cause. Brass will expand and contract
more quickly than the wood, eventually
allows for safer and cooler cutting.
could cost as much as $10,000. So, if you
breaking the glue bond between it and
Shapers also are designed to run
were considering buying a new machine,
the surrounding wood.
continuously at this speed.
then you're cel1ainly way ahead of the
To keep it in place, you'll need to clean
game, even if you end up spending
the groove thoroughly and use a glue
stamina that a shaper motor has. Running
several thousand dollars restoring your
with some flexibility. Probably the best
a wide-diameter bit puts a great deal of
old machine.
way to do this is to make a small scraping
A router motor doesn't have the same
stress on a router's motor and collet. At
One major consideration is whether
tool by grinding and honing a square
high speeds, there's a greater risk of one
your saw has babbitt or ball bearings.
point on a scrap of hacksaw blade. The
of these bits vibrating loose and causing
If it has babbitt bearings (which is a
cleaner you can get the groove, the better
damage to the bit, collet, bearings and
poured lead-alloy bearing), then the
the glue bond. Just be careful not to alter
any and all objects in its flight path.
machine doesn't have much market value
the groove's size or shape. Sand the back
except to a hobbyist who would
of the inlay with 150-grit (or finer)
appreciate such technology.
sandpaper to clean it and roughen it
If your router is a variable-speed model,
crank the speed control down to its
18
Fine Woodworking
The
5" 6"
and
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finish. Their unique dual-bearing pad mount system e
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For additional accuracy, there's variable speed and electronic feedback circuitry which can be adjusted
to any material for constant OPM-even under load.
Plus features like soft-grip tops, ergonomically designed
handles and through-the-pad dust extraction bring comfort to the job.
For consistently superior surface finishing, the Bosch random
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BOSCH
to\
\tjI
ENGINEERED FOR PERFORMANCE'"
ER SERVICE NO. 149
READ
Q &A
(colltillued)
slightly for a better glue bone!.
I would use a long-setting epoxy
Before reupholstering any piece, always
make sure the joints are in good condition
penetration of the PEG-lOOO and will
reduce the work later. You'll still have
(overnight) to glue the inlay in place. Mix
and not loose. It may be necessalY to
plenty of end-grain sanding after the
the hardener and resin on a clean wood
dismantle the chair, clean old glue from
treated disc is dry.
scrap. Then use a toothpick to work a
the joints and reglue using hide glue. This
[Bruce Hoadley is a professor of wood
small amount of glue into the groove over
has the advantage of being reversible
technology at the University of
its entire length. Press the inlay in place,
when carrying out future repairs.
Massachusetts at Amherst and author of
scrape away any excess with a chisel and,
if possible, clamp the inlay in place with a
narrow wooden cau!'
An
hour or two
later, use a chisel to slice off any semi­
Rails can stand up to many more
Taunton Press, 1980). He is a contributing
Although numerous tack holes may be
editor to Fine Woodworking magazine.]
alarming, it is often unnecessary to do
hardened glue that's oozed out, and then
anything before proceeding with the
reclamp with the caul. Don't try to sand
upholstery. Eventually, however, serious
the wood or inlay level; it will ruin the
repair work may be required. Wood
patina of both and only make the repair
boring insects and brass nails, in
more obvious.
particular, take a toll on the wood.
[Garrett Hack designs and builds furniture
[Diane Welebit owns and operates Barset
in Thetford Center, Vt.]
Furnishings and Upholstery. She trained
D
g chairs that won't hold
upholstery tacks
Recently, I upholstered eight 130-year­
old oak dining chairs. The gentleman
who refinished and repaired them used
auto-body filler to fill the holes in the
rails left by the many previous tacks and
nails. Consequently, the staples which I
used to affix the seat webbing are not
holding. Have you suggestiOnsfor a
durable woodfiller that will hold the
staples? In the past, I've tried a mixture
of epoxy and sawdust, but it would not
hold the staples either. Can you help?
-Teresa Sinkowski,
Waterford, Ont., Canada
Diane Welebit replies: As you have
of Furniture.]
inin
the book Understanding Wood (The
reupholsterings than one might imagine.
as an upholsterer at the London College
Stabilizing a large cross section
of a log
I would like to cut a 2-in.-thick slab from
a 3-ft.-dia. sugar maple trunk to use as
a round tabletop. Can I treat the slab
with polyethylene glycol (PEG-1 000) to
prevent itfrom splitting? Is there
another way?
-Daniel Snipes, Plainfield, Vt.
Bruce Hoadley replies: I don't know of
any other way to attempt stabilizing a
Oliver tablesaw
has b
ed-out motor
I recently acquired an Oliver tablesaw
model 2 70-D. It came with a three­
phase, 220v motor that was burned-out.
The saw appears to have been made in
the '40s or '50s and is a really
substantialpiece of eqUipment.
I would like to operate the saw on
single-phase, 220v power. The machine's
motor was 3 hp and operated at
3,500 rpm. Because the motor case is a
part of the tilting-arbor assembly, the
motor mustfit in the existing case.
Are there dealers that sell Vintage
Oliver parts? Or is my best bet to try to
get the existing motor rewound to a
single-phase motor. The motor is the
main problem.
-Bob Sanders, Long Beach, Calif.
Vincent Laurence replies: The Oliver
urn
thick, large-diameter disc of sugar maple.
Machinery Co. (1025 Clancy Ave., N.E.,
If you decide to try the PEG-lOOO route,
Grand Rapids, MI 49503- 1082; 800-253-
be sure that you are set up before you
8108) is still in business, and many parts
cut the slab. The wood should not be
for older machines are still available.
discovered, no filler will really hold up to
allowed to dry out at all and should have
being tacked or stapled. If used, fillers can
as much of its original sap as possible
director of manufacturing and technical
serve as a cosmetic aid to rebuild and
before you soak it.
expert, and his advice is to have the
shape small damaged areas where
If you have not worked with PEG-lOOO
I spoke with Richard Fink, Oliver's
motor rewound by a reputable local
tacking is not required. The only sure way
before, I would recommend first reading
motor shop. A new motor is typically
to remedy the problem is to replace
about the procedure. Patrick Spielman
about twice as costly as having an old
has written an excellent book on the
one rewound.
damaged sections with new wood.
To do this, cut back to sound timber,
subject, called Working Green Wood with
taking care to avoid hidden tacks
PEG (Sterling Publishing Co., 1980). Be
embedded in the rails (don't use your
aware, too, that the PEG-lOOO isn't cheap
most precious tools for this job). Replace
and that success is not guaranteed. It
try
the cutaway section with the same wood
might be a good idea to
species, building out to the original
on some smaller projects first.
dimensions. It is often possible to repair
the procedure
With such a large disc, a major problem
damaged rails in this way without
is getting it leveled and smooth after
cutting into wood that will be seen. In
treating and drying. If you cut the disc
severe cases, entire replacement rails
from the stump with a chainsaw, I'd
may need to be made. Before resorting to
recommend setting up a frame to make
thiS, take into account the amount of use
router passes across it to create a
the piece will receive along with any
relatively flat surface before you treat it.
possible historical importance.
This will give you more uniform
20
Fine Woodworking
Reader exchange
Does anyone have information on
where I can get a parts manual or buy
partsfor a lathe with the markings
"Purlington Smith Machinery and
Tools, Hartford, Conn. U.S.A. "?
-Carleton Landers, 31 Plants Dam Road,
East Lyme, CT 06333-1428
&
Do you have a question you 'd like us to
considerfor the column? Send it to
Questions Answers, Fine Woodworking,
Box 5506, Newtown, CT 064 70-5506
Po. &
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.nd PSgrips. � � = [MQ1��Pd
.. � � 320� � OisesPerAoil
ROUSornEROOOFlAPROUTEBITSROCX>OOUClS
OCKS DRA
P. O. TX 5034
-Check
COO
_
'SATI
t5Oa.xpping CAUFORFREECATALOG!
·-rCCharexasadd
ontiSgnFesentACTIaddalsalUSOSSNesShi.GUARANTEED
(800)367-41 01
Econ-Abrasives
AN ECONOMICAL
WAY TO SPRAY:
STAINS
LACQUERS
PAINTS
ADHESIVES
GFUTS
1X30
400
$18.90
SOD
1 7.80
32.25
600
1 6.70
30.00
800
1 5.60
27.80
14.50
25.60
100 thru 1
$35.60 C
$1 1 . 1 5
160 thru 400A $12.25
'C"
S21.2SC
.81
4X21 3/4 1.06
4X24
4X36
1 .35
3X21
.90
6X48
3.SO
3X23 314 .93
6X89
6.24
��
hs, t
in four different
f!i<!
S6.SO ee.
2·1/2 x 6
7.00
2·1/2 x 24
7.75
2·112 x
9.SO
HEAVY
SPRING
60 $ .65
6"
5"
----� ----l
A?"
�
P
2·1/2 x 1 2
upGl't
$
clamps are fast adjusting with
jawS
1.10
.86
5.
.45
WEST
80
5·
120
1 6.35
5'
5'
180
220
32.70
2SO
32.70
4·
$1.75 e
5'
32.70
2SO
2SO
$24.15
125
6'
2.25
8·
3.SO
·
SlEEVES"
GlUPW
-
WHEELS·PUMP
R B/TS"W
"SAN[)(NG
WER SUDES
"HiNGES"W SWIVELS
or
z:: •
Toll-Free
EASY
OPERATE
CLEAN
CONE SHAPED SPRAY
PATTERN
CRITTER
CALL TOLL FREE 1 800 982I'I.'9438,....C,I
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 167
6'
Price
PVC
EASY
6·
80
125
6·
120
22.30
125
6'
180
44.55
2SO
6"
220
44.55
2SO
6·
320
44.55
2SO
Box 1 628
=�-,
Fast setup. No test cuts. Precision
joinery. Unlimited widths. Classic
and variable spacing. Compound.
acute and obruse angles. Curved
dovetails. Box joints. Made in USA
since
20-yr. warranty. 3D-day
money-back guarantee.
1976.
's
J
o
u
m
a
l
EO: $8.95 $2&
P711-30e82t70a7-l7uT-6m93aS·,59trCA-3e246t5964De952pt. F37
P/H
KELLER
CO.
••
Econ-Abrasives
Frisco.
7
(21 4)377-9779
The Keller Dovetail
System only promises
what it can deliver.
"Your best choice.
It's the easiest of all the
jigs to use and great for
production use."
-Woodworker
VID +
5&8
Size
CI.m� come
IwdoealdwforTOrkmai ngyprojects!
TO
HEAVY
SHEETS
Quick release feature, avaitabk!
Bl
1X44
3X18
2X2X
{�PO��=�VACuUM
�� r:-
16.70
NO
"
3X27
2 1 /2X16 .85
$18.90C
1 0.00
$ .93ea.
.81
llizla
1 00 thru 280A
cast
$ .81 ... 3X24
1X42
3001
RAMADA WAY
GREEN BAY. WI
HI00-891-9030 (414) 3 6-868354304
FAX
PROFESSIONAL QUALITY AT A WAREHOUSE PRICE
Keller Dovetail System
Simple. Fast. Accurate. Enjoyable!
READER SERVICE NO. 129
March/April 1997
23
O R D E R 1 -800-328-0457 MAIL O R D E R H O U R S M - F 7 :00-5:30 C . S . T. SAT 8 :00-1 :00
OOL
457 Model DescCordless. . speed. ... .. .. ..Kit.... .222
5090
t(jt ............280 179
L900 YOIt ... . . . . ... . .
Kit case
6008
230
.. 365
rt
229
5660 speed
357
10k
. . . . . . . 5SO 299 WITH
0408-6
tt380436 225 233 SUPER CORDLESS SPECIALS..
T220
9900
3000 peed . . . . . ... 263360
3000
peed .......355
. . . . 264 5OO
peed
. . . . 360
5OO
MILWAUKEE TOOLS
Model Description
.• • .• .•••. . . .case
. . ... .....
.
.
. . . •. .
. . . .. .. .. •..•..•...•..•.. ..
•.••. ••• •.
........•
..•...........
case ......•....
•••...•......
case • • . • . .
9068 TI9"
T/9"
WAKITA T
...............
6172DWE 3/8. ...
ariable
.. .... .
Model
ription
60 ...... 93 44
LU82M010 Cut-off 10"
lU84MOl l Combo 10"
50 ...... 78 42
LU85M01 0 Super Cut-off 10"
80 .... 115 59
24 ...... 69 38
LM72M010 Ripping 1060 ...... 84 45
LU13M01 0 Cut off 10"
LU87M010 Thin Kerf 10"
24 ...... 72 44
LU88M010 Thin Kerf 10"
60 ...... 88 49
LU85M015 Mitre Saw blade 15- 108 ... 115 99
LU91 MOl 0 Compound
Blade 60 ...... 88 54
LU98M01 0 Ultimate 10·
80 . 128 68
72 .... 104 58
LU89M01 0 Ferrous metal 1 O·
F410
Quiet Blade - 10·
40 ...... 95
80 . 135 14
Ouiet Slade - 10·
F810
TK303 7-1/4" Finishing - 40 tooth ........... 38 25
TK906 1 0� Combo tooth .................. 53 32
S0306 6- Oado - Carbide ..................... 215 1 1 5
S0308 8 " Oado - Carbide . .
119
S0506 6- Super Dado
. w/cs&shims. 292 145
S0508 8· Super Da
. w/cs&shims. 344168
F8107 7 piece Forstner
set 1/4" - I" ..... 92 59
94-100 5 pc Router bit door system w/cs . 320 169
BF3 NEW Router Table wI fence & 1egs495
Mitre
.. .
. ..
SO
-carb .. ... . . ... . . . 230
do-carb
bit
1942
12890
Fine Woodworking
78
68
78
1 1 94VSR 1/2- ...ar. speed Hammer Drill ... 212 155
1 1 94VSRKabo...e Hammer Drill wI case .. 303 169
1 1 95VSR 3/8- ...ar.
Hammer Orill ... 247 139
1608LX 5.6 amp laminate Trimmer wI
guide ........................................ 189 1 1 0
1
T
5.6 amp tilt base Trimmer ........ 189 1 1 0
1608U
Underscribe Laminate Trimmer 239 139
1609K
laminate Installers Kit wI 1 609
Trimmer .................................... 355 199
1609KX Deluxe Installers kit .................. 425 229
1
A
1-314 HP 2 Handle Router ........ 269 142
1
AK Same as abo...e wlcase & ace.. 337 185
1
A
1 -314 HP D-handle Router........ 300 179
32700VS 3·x21· ...Ispd Belt Sander wlbag301 165
161 3EVS 2 HP .../spd Plunge Router........ 369 199
161 5EVS 3 HP ...Ispd Plunge Router........ 536 289
161 4EVS 1 -1/4 HP .../sp Plunge Router ... 295 169
3054VSRK12 volt cordless drill kit ........... 323 185
1370DEVS 6· Random Orbit Sander ....... 446 248
81650K Biscuit joiner . .. .. .. ... . Sale 169
B1000
Corner Detail Sander ............... 126 68
81001
Corner Detail Sander ...lspd SaIe89.95
B4050
In UneJig Saw ......................... 206 1 1 2
3272K
3-1/4· Planer with case 4.2 amp205 1 1 9
1347AK 4-1/2· Grinder wI case & ace. .. 172 105
1
AE 5· Grinder 8.5 amp................... 237 135
1 1 304
·The Brute� Breaker Hammer ........ 1249
Demolition Hammer 10 amp .. 1328 739
1 1 305
11314EVS Demolition Hammer ............... 921 539
1 1 232EVS 1 -1/2· Spline Hammer Drill ..... 890 525
1 1 224VSR 7/8· SDS Rotary Hammer Orill404 229
NEW
Dewal
Cordlests18Drvoillts 608
DW995K
1 /2·· Drill Kit
Sale 229
DW997K
1 /2" DrililHammer
Drill Kit
Sale 249
DW936K
Saw Kit
Sale 249
259
95
Heat Gun 600°-900° temp ....... 132
1/4 sheet Sander...................... 1 1 3
speed
604604
606
. . . . . .. ... .
....
348
1634VSK NEW Aecipro Saw 10.5 amp .. 335 189
12760
NEW 4- x 24· Belt Sander........379 219
1275DVS NEW 3· x 24· .../spd Belt Sander379 219
1276DVS NEW 4- x 24� .../spd Belt Sander408 219
K
NEW 12V Orill Kit with 2 batteries
................................................. 285 169
NEW 12VT·Handle Drm Kit with
331 OK
2 batteries ................................ 345 175
NEW 9.SV T·Handle Drill Kit with
2 batteries ................................ 318 185
NEW 14.4 volt Orm Kit . ... ... .
195
31 070VS NEW 5� Random Orbit Sander 165 98
31010VSK31070VS with case ................ 195 1 1 5
31250VS NEW 5 � Random Orbit Sander 256 149
37270VS NEW 6" Random Orbit Sander
154
B3915
NEW 10· Slide Compnd Saw. 1050 589
11
EVSNEW SOS·max 1·112"
Rotary Hammer........................ 910 519
1 1 231EVSNEW SDS·max 1 -3/4Rotary Hammer...................... 1363 785
1 1 223EVSNEW SDS-max 2" Rotary Hmr1595 915
1 1 31 1 EVSNEW Demolition Hammer
...ariable s
........................ 1328 759
i
....
440
230
NEWTeflon Coated Red Blades
. ...••
..........
. ..
Description
Teeth Llst Sale
Model
80 . 128 15
LU98R010 Ultimate 10·
LM72R010 Ripping 10·
24 ....... 78 44
LU84R011 Combo 10·
. 89 52
LU85R010 Super cut-off 1 0·
80 . 1 1 4 65
LU85R015 Miter saw blade 15� 108 .... 179 105
24 ... . 72 48
LU87R010 Thin kerf 10·
60....... 88 52
LU88R010 Thin kerf 10·
LU91ROO8 Compound miter 8-112:· 48 ..... 79 49
SO
POW TOO. . ... .... ... ..409229
how .reba355
how befo reba
FREUD
ER
E8100 Edge Banding Machine
FJ85
49 The
FT2000
peed
Description ............................. LlstSaIe
LS
. . . .
NEW Top Handle Jig Saw .. . .. .
BE321
B
TR30U
3" x 21- ...ar. speed Bah Sander 310 139
10" Table Saw with stand ........ 1 1 25 529
3/4 HP Trimmer ........................ 174 88
AP12
12· Bench Planer
389
Top Hdle Jig Saw var.
98 54
JS45
B
9· Bench Band Saw
165
O
llating Spindle Sander . .
159
SC162VS 16� var.
scroll saw
165
OS
Detail
er - 2 s peed
............ 1 1 2 64
DC
Detail Carver ............................ 120 62
ML618 Mini lathe ...ariable
.. . 418 214
WOSI
NEW 16� x 32- Drum Sander . 980 569
HT20VSK NEW Multi Tool
. . . . 1 1 5 55
CD125K 12V Cordless Drill w/ 2 batteries195 1 09
JM80K Plate Jointer wtth case ............. 2 1 8 99
RI60K 1 -112 HP Router with case ....... 1 1 0 69
DISC
3/8" Drill ...................................... 75 44
CTH1442K 14.4V 3/8" Drill
w/ 2 batt .. 275 159
08J50 NEW Detail Biscuit Jointer ....... 114 69
l Description ................................ List Sale
690
90690
691
695
696
351
352
352VS
361
362
363
314
9314
9n51
666
2620
9125
9118
6645
505
6611
6614
6615
330
556
345
334
9345
332
333
1700
550
5116
9641
7519
7518
7536
7537
1538
7539
1310
1312
97310
7335
97355
7336
97366
73333
693
6931
9853K
HD5825 6·1I2" Worm Drive Saw ............ 313 172
97549
7649
7556
7499
97499
9341
511
310
410
347K
743K
447
843
��
9737
1-1/2 HP Router 8 amp ............... 218 142
690 Router wI steel
............ 325 159
1-1/2 HP Router o-handle .......... 303 159
1-1/2 HP RouterlShaper ............. 418 235
Heavy Duty Shaper Table .......... 238 135
3� x 21· Belt Sander without bag 302 165
3· x 21- Belt Sander with bag ..... 312 169
3 x 21 Belt Sander .../spd ............. 321 165
3� x 24· Belt Sander with bag ..... 397 214
3� x 24" Belt Sander without bag 3n
4� x 24" Belt Sander with bag ..... 412 224
4" x 24" Belt Sander without bag 392 214
4-1/2� Trim Saw ........................... 274 154
4-1/2� Trim Saw 4.5 amp w/cs .... 299 169
1/2· ...1 spd Hammer Drill w/cs..... 274 155
318" HD ...1 spd Orill 0-1 200 rpm .. 240 135
318" HD ...1 spd Drill 0-' 000 rpm .. 170 98
NEW 3-1/4· Planer Kit wI case ... 250 145
Porta Plane Kit 7 amp ... .. ...
229
0-2500 Drywall Gun 5.2 amp ...... 170 95
New Screwdri...er Kit .................... 240 134
1/2 sheet Pad Sander ................. 249 129
3/8· ...ar. speed Drill 5.2 amp ....... 190 109
112" var. speed Drill 0-750 rpm.... 210 1 1 9
6614 with keytess chuck ............. 2 1 0 1 1 9
Speed Block Sander 1/4 sheet ... 120 65
Biscuit joiner with 5556 tilt fence Sale 139
6" Saw Boss 9 amp ..................... 207 114
345 compo w/cs & carbide blade . 237 138
Palmgrip Random Orb Sander .... 133 72
abo...e Sander with dust bag ....... 148 79
333 sander with PSA pad ........... 148 19
Heat gun 750 · 1 000 degrees .... 135 82
Pocket cutter with case ............... 352 195
16" Omni-Jig
269
TIGER
Recip. Saw.............. 230 134
3-1/4 HP Router 2 Handle ........... 469 255
3-114 HP 5 speed Router
279
2-112 HP 2 Handle Router ........... 389 215
2-1/2 HP D·Handle Router ..
228
3-1/4 HP Plunge Router .............. 469 254
3-1/4 HP ...ar. spd Plunge Router 534 279
5.6 amp Laminate Trimmer ......... 176 98
5.6 amp Offset Base lam Trim ... 241 135
laminate Trimmer Kit comp ........ 336 189
5� ...1 spd Ran Orbit Sander .........254 135
7335 Sander w/cs & dust collect. 274 145
6� vI spd Ran Orbit Sander ......... 259 138
7336 Sander w/cs & dust collect. 284 149
Dust Collection system ..............
24.50
1 -1/2 HP Plunge Router
184
Plunge Router Base .................... 139 79
12V 318· Drill Kit wI 2 batteries .. Sale 158
12V battery for above drills ........... 74 45
Top Handle Jigsaw wI case & blades
275 144
Barrel-gripJig Saw...................... 254 149
1/2- Right Angle Orill wl
.......394 224
Profile Sander Kit ........................ 220 1 1 5
Ultimate Cut-out tool ................... 1 1 9 69
7499 wI case & bits ..................... 150 89
1/4 Sheet dustless sander ........... 91 55
340 Sander wI dust pIck·up & csel05 64
Cylindrical lock installation kit ....262 149
Production laminate Trimmer..... 270 152
Underscribe Trimmer................... 280 154
7·1/4� ·Framers� Circular Saw with
plastic
.
. ...
. 2SO 129
7-1I4� ·Framers� Circular Saw with
plastic case · left hand ...ersion.... 250 129
7-114" ·Framers� Circular Saw
with brake .................................... 259 139
447 Saw - left hand ...ersion ........ 259 139
Drywall Sander .. .. . .. . . ..
WeUOry Vac for abo...e sander .... 452 259
New nger Recipro Saw .............. 307 165
.. . .. .
96645
8500
9444
.. .. .. 354 340
266
3300
H0
1 2 volt cordless Drill Kit.
148
H0
2735-04 with keyless chuck .. 269 148
1
2 Biscuit Joiner with case . .
135
5510
5-112· Circular Saw .................. 196 1 1 9
a-1/4"
Worm Saw ... .. .. .
188
8-1/4· 60° Circular Saw............ 292 164
7-1/4" Circ Saw - pivot foot.......220 125
6-112" Circ Saw - big
city 189 1 1 5
10· Table
Bench Top
.
189
Famous 7-1/4" Worm Orive SawSalel44
following tools have a $30.00 rebate
thru 3131/97. Price s
n is before
te.
JS102 Biscuit jointer w/adj. fence &
.
179
E 3-1/4 HP Plunge Router .../spd 410 205
cse
The has
following tool
a $50.00 rebate
thru 3131/97. Price s
n Is
re
te.
TR215
8-112" Slide Compound Mitre Saw 349
289
400
cue ........................................... 484534
. . . . 409
.............
338
....................................................
case
case ........... . . . . ... . . .
.. .. . . . . . . ... .
589 335
Porter Cable Pneumatic Nailers
238
pped .. ..... 558558
BN125 Brad Nailer - 18 gao 5I8� · 1·1/4· . 1 44 89
BN200 Brad Nailer - 18 gao 3/4� - 2· .. ...
139
2135-04
. . . . 260
605-02736-04
... .... ... 234
5860 sao .. . .. . . 350 C350
Saw . capa .....•.. 360 9830New
215
125
..
FN200 Finish Nailer - 16 gao 3/8. - 2" ..... 270
FN2SO Finish Nailer - 16 gao 1" . 2-112" .. 362
DA2SO Angle Nailer · 1 5 gao '-1/4� - 2·11Z" ...
.................................................... 412
NSloo Stapler - 1/4� crown 112· - 1-...... 154
F
Framing Nailer· di
head ..
FR350 Framing Nailer · round head . ..
9862
9872
165
215
219
89
319
319
Porter Cable Cordless Drills
NEW 9.SV Orill Kit wI 2 batteries 284 139
NEW 1 2V Drili Kitw/2 batteries . 382 179
NEW 14,4V Drm Kit w/ 2 batteries424 205
Above
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 16
24
Sale
l003VSR 318· Drill 0-1100 rpm .............. 167
299365
FREUD
Teeth.. UstSale
325
..................
Coil Nailer
Sale 339
Coil Roof Nailer 3/4 - 1-314 ...... 845 369
N60FN-2KFinishing Nailer 1-1/4- - 2-1/2· wI case,
oil, & nails ................................ 618
T5OS4-1 Decking Sheathing Stapler ...... 618
MIIIFS
Flooring Stapler 15 gauge....... 902 529
S32SX-l Finish Stapler · 1/2· - 1-3/8· .... 245 155
S32SX-1KS32SX-2 with case & oil.......... 269 165
B
2
Brad Tacker 5/8· - 1·3/8·..........254 155
B
2K BT35-2 with case, oil, & brads.279 165
BT50-2
Brad Tacker 1 -3/16· - 2·........... 297 189
BT50-2K BT50-2 wI
, oil, and brads 335 199
PC
l Power Crown Stapler............... 242 159
CWCloo 1 HP Pa
e Compressor
289
but 438 T35-T35500 5OOG- ncakcase
DeSC
SO· Commer. Saw Fence
NEW BOSCH TOOLS
charger, & case......................... 307 169
FREUD SAW 8LAOES
209
1584VS or 1581VS with steel case and
30 Bosch blades
Sale 175
...............................
EY6100EQKW 12 volt Orill kit with 2 1ronman
5/8" bore - Industrial Grade · Carbide Tipped
CFM...... 245
1200 CFM 469
,1600 CFM 659
139
149
178
139
15840VS above saw wI dust collection
178
Bosch Metal Case for above Jig Saws ...... 34 24
Bosch 30 blade assortment for Jig Saws .. ... 28.99
Description ..............................Ust Sale
460
1 �x24·x28· 115 HP 20�x24·x44- 113 HP 2Q·x24·x44- 1/3 Hp ·
BOSCH
Model
ription ............................... List
1581VS Top Handle -CUC·Jig Saw ....... 292
1587VSC 1587VS Saw with case .......... Sale
15870VS above saw wI dust collection ... 317
1
VS "CUC· Barrell Grip Jig Saw....... 288
BOSTITCH AIR NAILERS
Model
Descrtptlon ............................. List Sale
PANASONIC CORDLESS
Model
Description .............................. List Sale
EY61alCRKW 9.6V Drill Kit with 2 batteries, 1
350
8-50
3· x 21" Belt Sander with bag ... 347 179
500
149 145
T-SQUARE 52 52� Homeshop Fence
269
T-SQUARE 40 40· Homeshop Fence .... 335 249
T SQUARE
28· Homeshop Fence .... 325 239
9924DB 3· x 24" Belt Sander with bag .
189
JR
V Var. s
Recip Saw wI case . 264 135
215
129
189
55
175
309
205
65
99
95
145
609
219
205
125
148
429
85
65
99
175
225
98
115
69
n9
199
259
199
..........
BIESEMEYER FENCES
Description ................... List Sale
el
..................................... Super Sale
Blade Sharpener.......................433
3-1/4· Planer with case
. .
4·3/8� Planer ............................. 352
114 sheet Pad Sander wI bag.... 101
DA
R 3/8� Angle Drill ...ar. s
2108W 8-1/4· Tabie Saw ....................... 637
5BA 5-1/2· Circular Saw ................... 347
6405
3/8� Orill 0-2100 rpm 2 amp ...... 1 1 5
6820V 0-4000 rpm Drywall Gun ........... 185
6821
NEW Drywall Gun 0 · 4000....... 190
&013BR 1/2� Orill Rev. 6 amp.................. 210
5402A
16" Circular Saw 1 2 amp ........ 1 073
9401
4� x 24� Belt Sander with bag ... 458
LS1030 1 0· Mitre Saw............................ 428
7NBK 7-1 /4" Circular Saw wI case .... 250
S037NB NEW 7·1/4" Circular Saw......... 288
LS1011 10" Slide Compound Saw......... 995
GVSOOO 5" Disc Sander .......................... 148
N9514B 4· Grinder 4.6 amp .................... 1 1 8
N9S018 4" Grinder 4.0 amp with case ... 174
9217SPC 7" Sander/polisher ...ar. speed .. 378
24148 14� Cut·off Saw AC/DC............. 419
4320
V/spd Jig Saw 2.9 amp ............. 182
6302
1/2- Drill 0·550 rpm 5.2 amp ..... 2SO
805001 5· Random Orbit Sander........... 1 2 5
LS1211 12· Slide Compound Saw ....... 1620
3901
Plate Joiner Kit .......................... 376
3612C NEW 3 HP Plunge Router ........492
9031
1-3/16" x 21" ...Ispd belt sander. 346
LS1040 NEW 10� Compound Miter Saw
HP1
NEW 1/2· Hammer Drill 5 amp.145
nal Mitre Gauge
401
Nailer complete ............ 295
501
Face Nailer complete ............. 295
1 ,000 Genuine Porta Nails · 1000
16.SO
74.95
5,000 Genuine Porta Nails 10,000 Genuine Porta Nails - 1
129.95
6073DW 7.2V ools Drill Kit. Variable speed &
clutch. Complete wI battery, charger, & case
..................................... Super Sale
DW 9.6 volt Stapler Kit. Complete with
battery, charger, & case
9820-2
NI900B
1912B
B04552
Prof
PORTA NAILER
l
ription ........................... List Sale
NEW CORDLESS DRILLS
B
ITER
1
8-12
10-16
2.0 AMP HIGH CAPACITY BATTERIES
6213DWAE 1 2V 3/8� Drill Kit w/2 batt..... 325 1
6
DWAE 14.4V 3/8" Drill Kit w/ 2 batt 358
Model
RYOBI SPECIALS
l
riptlon .............................. Llst Sale
JP·155 6-118- JointerlPlaner ................. 700 314
RE
3 HP Plunge Router ...ar.
228
Mode600 Desc
speed 500
T3000
350BOO,
........spd
..................
...... 884
1000
S900
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
SS45O
Osci
...... .. 340
340
speed
.........
298
2000
Sand
speed. .. ...
50000000qty.qty.qty... .. 500600
. . . . . . . . ...
Mod
443
. . 360
Kit
28
Mode
Desc
case
584
. . 306
360
Su�r Speclsl
204
ACC
JDS AJ
CH AIR CLEANERS
l Description...................................... Sale
6095DWE 9.6 volt Drill
w/2 batteries.SaIe
6095DWLE2 60950WE wI flashlight.......SaIe
60950
6095DW Drill only &
ial
6011DWE 12 ...olt Orill Kit w/ 2 battertes
632007-4 9.6 volt Battery .........................47
632002-4 7.2 volt Battery ......................... 39
6201DWHE 9.6V 3/8- Drill Kit w/ 2 batt. .. 351 1
621 1 DWHE 12V 3/8" Drill Kit w/2 batt..... 368 1
631 1 DWHE 12V 112:' Drill Kit w/ 2 batt..... 399
345
case. . . . .
....................
..................... ..............
8-34lJ-M essio
RTE
3SOMode
Mode Desc
Porta
Spec with
Spec
""."._-
Drm
7.2V
2 batteries .. .. . .. . . ...
109
DW 3-318� Saw
9.6 volt
148
DA39 1 D 3/8. angle Drill 9.6 volt .......... 166 109
DA391DW 3/8. angle Drill Kit 9.S ...olt ...... 341
M
9.6
flashlight
.
SaIe19.95
209
batteries, 15 min. charger & cs. 379 194
EY6100SEQK Same as abo...e but has 1 Ironman
battery and 1 i
EY6101SQK 12V 1/2·
i with 15 mir,ule ch,,,a,,,.
diagnostic battery, &
EY61 01 EQKW Same as abo...e
has two
Ironman batteries
.Sale 249
EY
2EQKW NEW 4-3/8· 12V Metal Cutting
Saw Kit
..
289
S
ials
rlptlon............................Ust Sale
Us. Sale
1/2" Impact Wrench with
269
5455
Polisher 1750 rpm
280 162
6078
13 amp grinder
295 159
0230-1 3/8" 0011 3.5 amp
231 132
5936 Belt Sander 4 x 24 wlbag 10 amp495 279
6747·, Drywall Gun Q·2500 rpm 5 amp 205 1 09
60 1 6 1/4 sheet Palm Grip Sander
99 56
6017 6016 Sander with dust bag
101 58
lfJ sheet 1 2.000 orb/min 5 amp .
126
8975 Heat Gun 5700 & 1000°
102 59
89n Variable temp. Heat Gun ............. 137 82
8980 8975 Heat Gun wI
, & ace. .. 155 94
3102·, Plumbers angle Drill Kit
401
Router 1 ·1/2 HP 10 amp
6256 Variable
Jig Saw 3.8 amp 278 149
6266-6 NEW Top Handle Jig Saw
315 165
6527 Super Sawzall with
............. 343 169
6537-22 6527 wI quick
blade change 224 175
6528 abo...e Sawzall with wired cord.... 339 185
6516-21 NEW cordless Sawzall
.
6125 5� Random Orbit Sander............. 219 129
0406-1 9.SV Orill Kit with 2 batteries....... 315 159
1 2V Orm w/keyless chuck & 2 ba
172
OS02-21 NEW 12V Orill Kit w/ 2 batteries
0231-1 31a� Orill 0-1700 rpm ................... 170 89
0224-1 3/8- Ori1l 4.5 amp magnum.......... 236 132
0225-1 Same as 0224·1 wlkylss chuck... 236 132
0234-1 1/2- Orill 5.4 amp mag 0-850 rpm255 129
0236-1 0234·1 drill with steel case .......... 288 149
0235-1 Same as 0234·' wlkylss chuck ... 255 129
0244-1 1/2� Drill 5,4 amp mag O-SOO rpm255 129
0222-1 318� orill 3.5 amp O-l000 rpm ..... 213 1 1 9
0228-1 318� Drill 3.5 amp 0-1000 rpm ..... 207 1 1 8
0375-1 318- close quarter Drill ................. 255 148
0379-1 1/2- close quarter Drill................. 288 165
6539-1 cordless SCrewdriver 190 rpm .... 139 78
6540-1 6539-1 with bits & case ............... 175 99
6546-1 cdlss SCrewdri...er 200 & 400 rpmlSO 89
6547-1 6546-1 wI bits 1/4· chuck, & case185 1 08
5399 1/2· O·handle Hammer Drill Kit. . . 356 194
1676-1 Hole Hawg with case .................. 541 309
6507 Original SawZall with case .......... 278 149
6S08 Abo...e Saw with wired cord
..
152
6517 6.5 amp Sawzall with case .......... 296 159
6175 14· Chop Saw I S amp ................ 415 279
6010 Orbital Sander 1/2 sheet ............. 235 129
5397-1 3.8- ...ar. s
Hammer Drill Kit. 275 145
5371 -1 1/2- ...ar. speed Hammer Drill Kit. 360 194
53n-1 5371·1 with keyless chuck .. .
194
3107-1 1/2" ...ar. speed right angle Drill ... 411 234
3300-1 1/2- ...ar. speed right angle Drill ... 378 199
5680
Router 2 HP ·w/ I/4- & 112· collets367 165
6145 4-1/2· Grinder 10,000 rpm .......... 179 94
6142 6145 with case & accessories.... 224 125
6749-1 Drywall Gun 0-2500 rpm 5.4 amp235 135
6755-1 Drywall Gun 0-4000 rpm 5 amp .. 183 99
6767-1 Screw Shooter Kit ....................... 252 142
5353
Eagle 1-1/2- Rot. Hammer wI csl046 575
6365
7-1/4· Circular Saw 13 amp ........ 229 125
6367 abo...e Saw - double insulated ..... 224 128
6366 6365 with fence & carbide blade. 237 129
6368 6365 wlfence,carbide blade,& cs 259 142
63n 7-1/4· Worm Drive Saw
194
6369 7-1/4· Circular Saw with brake .... 280 152
6490 10· Mitre Saw ............................. 496 265
6491
6490 wI carbide blade & bag....... 594 328
6494
10· Compound Mitre Saw . . .. 585 315
0422-1 12V Hammer Drill wI 2 batt ......... 441 239
0431 -1 12V orm wI 2 batteries ................ 441 239
6496
1 0· Slide Compound Saw ......... 1050 569
cordless come
drills
with
..peed
O R D E R 1 -800-328-0457 M A I L O R D E R H O U R S M-F 7 :00-5:30 CoS.T. SAT 8 :00- 1 :00
DELTA BENCH TOP TOOLS
Model Description
List Sale
23-700 WeVOry Grinder
149
6� Bench Grinder 1/4 HP
80 69
8� Bench Grinder 112 HP
134 109
1 1 -950 8� Drill Press .............................. 176 128
31-460 4� Be1V6� Disc S der
198 135
31-340 1� Be
Disc
r ............... 270 189
31 -080,. SeItlS" Dtsc
r ............... 1 1 3 85
2
Scroll Saw
1 65
1 1 -990 1 2 " Bench Drill Press ................. 255 1 84
11
32" Radial Bench Drill Press ..... 405 305
43-505 112" Bench Router/Shaper
398
22-540 12" Bench Top Planer
extra knives
. . . .. ..•...•............•.••.•..•
•• •.•.•.•.•.. .
an ...........•••.
•.•. . . .•. .
.•.••
. . . . . . .•. .. . . .•. . . . • . •. •...•.• .•..•... . •
. . .... .
...................
. ..... . ...
. ..........................
23-680
2a..880
Itl8- Sande
4D-560 IS" speed Sande
..()9()
36-220
14-650
3
37"()70
36-275
36-210
3-060
36-040
206
230
299
557 369
.
358 268
with
10" Compound Mitre Saw
294 1 99
Hollow Chisel Mortiser............... 380 239
"Side kick" Miter saw ..
. 541 429
6� var. speed Bench Jointer ....... 351 259
8-1/4� Builders Saw
10" Compound Mitre Saw
8-1/4" Compound Mitre Saw
36-070 1 O� Mitre Saw .
.
344225
. 190 135
217 165
Tenoning Jig .............................. 113 79
Sliding Table............................... 487 325
llating Spindle Sander ........
188
Sharpening Center .................... 217 169
Bench Band Saw
. .. ..
213 168
6" Deluxe jointer ........................ 603 489
1 o� Slide Compound Saw
Sale 489
6" Beltl9 Disc Sander ............... 441 349
3 18· Scroll Saw
479
16" var/spd
ll Saw
249 189
WAP VACUUMS
Model
Description
766RoF 10 gallon
turbo. . . . ...turbo. ............... 465
bove
sande spnd.. . . ..685845
TOO i<:1t case. ..
Kit . .. ..
Scro 408
.
..
0
DELTA STATIONARY
31-280 Sanding Center wI stand ......... 1250
17-900 1 6-1 /2� Floor Drill Press ............. 490
10· Mitre Box
Sale
33-990 10" Radial Arm Saw
981
33-055 8·,/4� Sa
comp with legs . 846
36-540 10� Table saw ............................ 229
34-670 10" Motorized Table Saw
492
32·100 Stationary Plate Jointer ............. 351
36-905 30" Unifence .............................. 346
36-906 50· Detta Unifence
444
10· Contractor's Tabl
e
Sale
789
399
218
639
169
395
269
245
319
659
DREMEL
LS
3955
Moto Tool
bits &
.. 134 75
3956 Super Moto Tool
wI ace.
. 152 85
1672
16" ScroU Saw · 2 spd ·8est buy"302 174
1695
16· var. speed
ll Saw............
229
290
Electric Engraver with point .......... 25 1 6
1731
S· Disc1 " x 30· Belt Sander......... 189 1 1 4
with
Model -300 .
ALUMINUM ARTICULATED LADDERS
TYPE IA
RATING
Length Welght(lbs.)
Sale
159.95
434/
M7-14
189.95
46#
S·
M8-16
.
.
6004
60056006
6OO4-S
�
6006-S pa
JORGENSEN STYLE 37 2·112"Throat 1/4"x3l4"
List
Sale Box of 6
It
Jaw Length
3706
6"
10.85
6.20
33.50
3712
12°
12.05
6.80
37.25
3718
18"
13.25
7.60
41.05
3724
24"
14.55
8.15
43.95
3730
30°
16.20
9.05
48.85
3736
36�
17.70
10.20
54.95
ABERGLASS STEP - TYPE 1° 25()jj RATING
151
63.95
wlpail shelf 4'
73.95
S wlpail shelf
5'
w/ il shelf 6'
201
80.95
JORGENSEN
LE 45 5"Throat 1-3/8'· . 5116··
Item
Jaw Length
List
Sale Lots of 6
4512
1 2"
34.50
20.75 1 1 4.95
4518
18·
36.35
22.30
122.95
4524
24"
38.50
23.65
129.95
4·
5·
6'
6205
6206
I
Sande .......... ..734266
DWlDW7
0W7
kit. .................. 364
sc
............ 448
fine . . ... . 400 I
..
above
Sand
ndo
Orbit
variable speed............................
&
Saw kit.........
Mode
ze
EXTE
336-340-
DEWALT CORDLESS DRILLS
OW952K3/8- v/Spd wI two 9.6V batteries 284 139
oW972K·2 3/S· v/spd wI two 1 2V XR batt362 182
OW904 12 volt flashlight ............................... 29.95
DW972K-2drill & DW904 flashlight Sale 205
OW994 kit batt. 458
& I
DW991K-2 3/8. v/spd wI two 14.4V XR
batteries ...................................... 415 209
OW994KQ 1/2· variable speed wI one 14.4V
XR battery ...................................
235
DW994KQ.2
KO drill wi 2
Sale 259
DW 996
K 112- v/spd Hammer drill wI one 1 4.4V
XR battery ................................... 396 245
Above drill kits come w/charger steel case
c:.::.:
.-------,1::::..:::.::.=:.:.:.:::.:.::.:=:...:-=-\
01332·2
••
We stock all replacement blades
for above saws.
Triangle
er v/spd Sale 199
NEW Air Triangle Sander Sale 195
LPN672
Air Palm Nailer wI glove Sale
89
LPN672K LPN672 wI case & 3 special tipsSale1 09
RTM01
Drywall cutout unit Sale 68.95
SCS02
NEW cordless unit .... 252 169
2
BLACK
1 1 66
DECKER
Drill 0-2500 rpm 4 amp .
. 118
3/8" Orm 0-1200 rpm 4.5 amp ..... 173
79-034 Workmate 400
191
1350K 1/2" Timberwolf Dri l 2
573
1180
Drill rev. 0-1200 rpm 5 amp 215
2037
Drywall Gun 0
5.0 amp . .. 178
2038
Drywall Gun 0-2500 rpm 5 amp .. 178
2054
TekGun 0·2500 5.0 amp ............ 289
2750
4·1/2" Grinder 1 0,000 rpm 6 amp 159
2694
7-1/4" Super Sawcat Circ Saw
294
2695
8-1/4- SUper
t Circ Saw...... 328
3339
Elu 3 HP v/spd Plunge Router .... 520
CRAIN FLOOR COVERING TOOLS
Super door jamb saw kit
520
Swivel-look stretcher
Sale
Sale
Sale
499
Junior power stretcher
507
Stai
stretcher
Sale
Adju stabl
e deluxe knee
r Sate
612
Knee !ticker 1 7·112 to 21·1/2· Sale
505
Economy adjustable knee kicker Sale
Sale
Mini knee kicker
Sale
785
Toe-kick saw - 1 1 0 vott
Sale
6"
iron 2500 - 3750 F
920SC Deluxe heat bond iron ·
wattSa e
245
Deluxe carpet trimmer
Sale
x peed
Dri ............. 263
3I8"variable s
close quarter Drill
0-1 3OOrpm ................................... 211
Same as SOOO but is 0-2500 rpm 221
5· Air Random omit Sander ....... 228
NEW lightweight 5· Sander
01
2
01
2
28·
32'
36·
40·
25·
29·
32·
35·
149
169
269
62#
77#
RATED
195.95
226.95
257.95
318.95
359.95
ALUMINUM FLAT STEP TYPE lARATED EXTENSION
01 520-2
1 7"
20·
37#
01 524-2
24'
21·
45jO
01528-2
28·
25·
01532-2
32·
29·
01
2
36· 32'(25()jj raling)
79#
01
40' 35'(250# rating)
89#
2
189.95
220.95
246.95
289.95
339.95
369.95
FIBERGLASS FLAT
RATED
ENSION
16'
06116-2
20·
061 211-2
06124-2
24'
28·
06128-2
06132-2
32·
STEP TYPE lA-
199.95
219.95
254.95
298.95
379.95
ABERGLASS FLAT
A HEAVY D
07116-2
1 6'
07120-2
20·
07124-2
24'
07128--2
28'
07132·2
32·
STEP TYPE lANSION
540-536-
68
98
109
325
119
95
95
159
89
419
135
93
86
69
65
188
125
49
......
13·
17"
21·
25·
29·
13'
17"
21'
25'
29·
40#
53#
60#
74#
37#
43#
79#
249.95
269.95
.95
344
.95
398.95
ription . . . . . . . . List Sale
24· Angle
er Level . . .. .. Sale14 95
24· Level wi hand holes .......... 62.20 43
48· Level wI hand holes .......... 79.70 55
72" Level wI hand holes ........ 1 45.45 99
48· Level wlo hand holes ............. 71 49
000 78" L
l wlo hand
.. . ... 146 105
80LMS
r Level System ................... 532 365
RECORD WOODWORKING VISES
Model JaW\Wldth Opening
List Sale
10-1/2,,\15· OUick release
248 99
Quick release w/dog169 85
9"\13"
Quick release w/dog231 95
145
520
52·1120
125
139
132
135
Mode 8- rbide... . ade......... . ........ .... 489
99886
....
HITACHI TOOLS
l
Descriptlon
..
L1st Sale
112" Slide Co mpo
und Saw 1 1 69
8·112- Ca
bl
- 60 tooth SaIe44.95
10" Slide Compound Saw
1627 739
7- 1/4" Circular Saw...................Sale 89
3 HP variable s
Router
541 199
Plunge Router 3 HP .................. 3n 189
5B-75 3 x 21 Bett Sander wI bag 2 spd315 1 58
oH24VBK 15/16· SDS Rotary Hammer
179
C10FC 10· Mitre Saw ............................ 533 199
C15FB 15· Mitre Saw .. . . ..
. 1346 659
oN10oYK 9.6V Right Angle Drill Kt .......370 179
G12SA 4-112� Grinder 6.9 amp ... .
1 n 95
FoS10oVA9.6V Drill Kitw/ flashlight
SaIe 99
OV14V 3/8. Hammer Drill with
115
NR83A Framing Nailer 2 - 3·112 Full Head.
389
NR83AA Framing Nailer 2· 3·112 Clip Head.... 375
NT65A 1 6 ga. Brad Nailer 1 · 2-112 . .. 749 325
NV45AB Coil Roofing Nailer 7/8 - 1�314 .. 935
AB 7/1 6· Stapler-16 gao 1 - 2 1gth .679 325
EC68
1 HP Oil Com
. ..
279
295
EC6C
1 HP Oil-less Compressor
CBFB2
2
C10FS
C7SB
M12V
TR12
...
..
. ... ........ ... ..
.. . .......
case ...... .
. i 298
230...
. .. . 435
N5OO8
pressor . . . ..............540580
959255 Powe Kit&. . .. .................. ...... .......... . .CTS...
&
265
2000
WHITE NTS .......
. •. •..•. . . . •.• • • .• .• • •..•...•. ..•&..• .• ..•. 309
. . . . . . . . . . 739 489
565
.. . . . . . . . .. 389
LTP6-9OOabove
level & rod....&799
...••........••••............•...•..•...•....
... ... .... ......... 854
above
Leve
Lase rod . . .. .... . ........ ..................... .. ... .........099 499799945
L200 Ml200 wlo detLaseector & ............
WAGNER PAINT
375E
404
505
HVLP
CS
SPRAYER PRODU
r Roller
.
140
Airless
. .
.. . 180
Airless System ............................ 195
Airless Painter Roller ............... 320
High performance Airless Painter440
109
135
164
369
Fine coat finishing HVLP System 195 159
Pro fine finish HVLP System ..... 339 278
DAVID
INSTRUME
Model
Deacriptlon ..............................L1st Sale
LP6-20 Sight Level package · 20x
329 215
Lf'6.20XL LP6-20 with 9056 tripod 7620 rod
4ll9269
Meridian Level · 20x
1 99
L6-2O
LT8--300 Level Transit - 26x
.
LT8-300P above Level with optical plum ..869
LT6-900 Level Transit - 20x. ..
.
419 269
LTP6-9OO Above Level with tripod & rod 615
ALT6- 900
Automatic Level · Transit · 18x.666 429
A
tripod
499
ALP6-18H0 Auto. Level·18x with tripod rod
599 395
AL8-22 Automatic Level - 22x . .
583 339
AL8-26 Automatic Level · 26x . ..
379
ALP8-26
l with 9075 tripod and
7620
.
..
.
9n
ML100x
r Level . .. . .. .. ... .. 1
Laser Level wldetector . . . 12491 075
ML100
Visible Beam Laser
979
ML200
M
.
bracket.749 625
Finish Une
r Level
199 135
LL100
with
QUAL-CRAFT JACKS
Model
Des<:ription ..............................L1st Sale
Pump Jack .................................. 79 58
2200
2201
Pump Jack Brace ....................... 30 20
Pump Jack guard ral holder . .. 31 21
Work Bench & rail holder co
53 39
Adjustable Roofing Br
9.95 7.95
Buy any 6 (can be assorted) deduct
additional 10%
2601
Wall Jack . .
. . .. ...
167 108
Lots of 4 deduct additional 10%
2203
2204
2500
i acket .mbo... ...
. . . ........ .. . .. .......
Mode
548
EXT
548
CT325SS rd ss
495
Mode Desc . . case. . . . . . . . .case. . .12"...448Sale389345
XTR UTY EXTE 300#
. .5/8. . . . . . . 665
58#66# 309 M2 Fram
. . .. . . 725 449
Fram
...... 449
ModelS06 adarrow . .5/8.•.•.•. . . . . .Stapl. . . . . 69
........ ..........
i -2·1/2·. . . .. .. 360I360 225
Abov
Desc San.. . . ... . .. .... . ..... ....... .
0250
. . . . . . . .. ..296
0645
27 Laseeve hok!s ... .
pose
& . 386
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
r
.....
53E 7\8.
Senco brand. . . . . ners
. . . . .. .
389
Buy any 3 ladders (can be
asst) deduct additional 5%
Prepaid freight
and best prices too!
275
DURA 111- ADJUSTABLE STILTS
Model Description ................................ List Sale
01422 14"-22· extension .. . .
270 205
01830 18"-30" extension
02440 24··40· extension
.
..
Above models Include strap adapter kits
RATING
65.95
76.95
89.95
33#
25()jj
50#
851
300#
56#66#
300#
ALUMINUM FLAT STEP TYPE 1NSION
01324-2
24·
21·
39#
MKTlLE SAWS
Model
Description .............................. List Sale
MKno 112 HP
blade ...................... 795
MK660 3/4 HP
blade ...................... 795
MK 880 1 Hp · 8· blade
859
Msx
14#
1 811
ALUMINUM FLAT STEP TYPE 1 1- 225jO
RATED EXTENSION
Working
l
Si
Length
Welght(lbs) Sale
179.95
01224-2
24·
21·
209.95
42.
01228-2
28·
25·
01232-2
239.95
53#
32·
29·
01236-2
32·
266.95
36·
62#
01328-2
DEWALT TOOLS
DW321K NEW Jigsaw Kit . .
300 1 64
DW321 K comes with FREE 8 piece �ade set
OW364 7-114" Circ. Saw wlbrake, 13 amp294 158
oW306K 8.0 amp Recip Saw wles 'II spd 291 164
DW610 ' -112 HP 2 handle Router ...........
152
DW41 1 1/4 sheet Palm
r, 1.7 amp 88 58
05 1 � Compound Mitre Saw
.
359
05K 0W70S with 80 tooth blade ..... Sale 395
04 12� Mitre Saw .............................. 570 325
OW100 318" Drill, 4 amp, 0-2500 rpm,rev 118 68
DW280K NEW Screwdrtver kit complete . 222 124
DW673K laminate Trimmer
188
DW402 4-112· Grinder 6 amp
166 89
OW682K Bi uit Joiner with case
199
OW625 3 HP Electronic Plunge Router .. 520 275
OW625 router comes with DW6966 fine depth
adjuster and &-pIece template guide set !
DW621 NEW 2 HP Plunge Router ..
218
DW621 comes wI FREE
height adjuster
OW675K 3-1/8· Planer with case ............ 292 164
OW431 3 x 21 var. speed Belt Sander ..... 338 184
OW420 Palmgrip Random Orb Sander
124 69
DW421
er with dust collector 144 74
DW423 NEW Palm Ra
m
Sander
170 94
OW444 6� Random Orbit Sander............. 266 139
OW443 OW444 with hook loop pad ...... 266 139
OW935K 14.4V 5·3/8· Trim Saw
444 237
DW935K
comes with 2 batteries!
181
300#
201
FIBERGLASS STEP - TYPE lA-
6204
Lots
0' 6
1 1 2.95
124.75
134.95
168.75
rr
579
. . . . . . . . . . . . .986 589
Msx625e636FEIPONYFEINN Sand . .
ROTOZIPP
..
ROTOZI
&
2600 318" . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .
318" 4000J speed .. .. ..
Sawca . . .
800
489
rway
600
kicke
506890 SIC pro "
800 I 83
.. .. ...... .........
. . . . . 222
........
............ . . . ....... 288
304 239
;;.�
8000 ���.speed ! .
.......... 235
r
ABERGLASS STEP - TYPE 1- 25()jj RATING
57.95
131
4'
68.95
16#
5·
72.95
18#
6'
PONY CLAMP FI
RES
Lots
ModelOescrlption
List Sale of 12
50
3/4· Black Pipe Clamps 15.45 8.10 92.50
52
112· Black Pipe Clamps 12.65 6.95 74.95
............. . ......
. .................... ..
... .. .................
ALUMINUM LADDER JACKS
Must be Installed on Type 1 or Type 1 A ladders
only
Attaches
Accepts Stage
Width
Spans to Rung
Sale
14·
2 rung 2 rungs 83.95
20"
3 rung 2 rungs
92.95
20·
3 rung 3 rungs 101 .95
JORGENSEN ADJUSTABLE HANDSCREWS
Box
Jaw
Opening
lt
Length Capacity
List
Sale
of 6
#1310
6°
3°
17.05
9.90 56.50
1210
3·1/2°
18.30 10.70 60.95
8"
4-1 1
20.35 12.10 66 95
10·
6·
23.30 12.90 71.95
1 2·
8-117
26.75 14.90 83 95
14"
10·
33.85 18.55 105.75
16"
12"
44.05 24.65 140.95
JORGENSEN STEEL "I" BAR CLAMPS
Model
Size
List
Sale
7224
24"
35.75
20.30
7236
36"
38.35
22.35
7248
42.15
24.45
7272
48.50
29.60
DELTA REBATES
Prices shown are before rebate
Rebates are valid thru 3131197
$25.00
te
12· Wood Lathe ......................... 575
$50.00 rebate
1 4· Band Saw 3/4 HP .
Sale
14· Band Saw w/enc stand 1 HPSale
10· Table Saw with 30· unifence Sale
NEW DC380 1 5· Planer .. . .. Sale
3/4· Shaper 1·1/2 HP
Sale
$75.00 rebate
OJ1S 6·Jointer
Introducing a full range
of Werner brand ladders
at discounted prices!
Werner qualityo
Werner ladders A name you can stand on�
CLAYTON OSCILLATING SPINDLE SANDERS
140
Portable sander wI 4-112" spindle. 625 559
146
Portable sander wI 9" spindle
609
100
Floor mount
r w/4-112·
785 709
106
Floor mount sander wI 9· spindle
759
emM
Osci
253 1011 r 7
. . . . . .. . . . .
11213
.
.
.
.
.
" . . . . . . . . . . . 600 14
40-650
40-540 Scro . . . .. . . . eml
34-080
..............
wbuck ................... T79
STY
...........
......Saw
............ . .....
34-444
I I
reba
48"72"
.......
XTU
34-1 82
34-555
31-780
23-710
28--185
37-190
36-250
31-695
List Sa�
vacuum
845
766RoF-0·Drywaller- 10 gal
vac 915 549
766ROF·oAS Same as a
wlauto start950 589
PASLODE IMPULSE GUNS
l Description ................................L1st Sale
IM250 Trimpulse Finish Nailer Kit complete
drives 314" · 2-112· brads .......... 1130
IUl25 Impulse Framing Nailer Kit complete
drives 2· - 3-1/4· nails ............... 113O
Co le
Framing Nailer Kit complete
drives 2· · 3·1/4· nails ............... 1 1 20
SENCO AIR NAILERS
l
rlptlon
L1st
2" wI
SFN1+ Finishing Nailer
SFN40 Finish Nailer w/
1·1I4�-2-1 569
SN325 Nailer 1 -7/8· - 3-1/4·
SLP20 Pinner wIese 5/8· · 1 ·
· ......... 422
Stapler 518� · 1 1/2 ................... 390
SKS
Stapler 1-3/8· - 2" length ...
.... 535
SN70
ing - Clip Hd 2" - 3-liT
SN60
ing · FuIl Hd � - 3·,I2·
708
SN65
1 50/0 more powerthan SN60 ..... 709
,· • ·
/
419
275
275
375
459
JAMERCO AIR NAILERS
Desc
Ust Sale
JTBN1832 Br
Nailer ·
·1·1 4· .......... 96
JT
1825 N
Crown Finish
er
112" - 1 "
.
96 69
JTFN1650 Finish Nailer · 3/4· · 2· ........... 245 139
JTAFN1464 Angle Finish 1·1/4··2·112·
225
JTFN1664 Fin sh Nailer 1·
e nailers come with case
ription
..
AIRY AIR NAILERS
Model
Descriptlon ..............................L1st Sale
0241 SK Brad Nailer 31S" - 1 -9/16" ......... 180 98
SK Brad Nailer 3/4" - 2
164
0626SK 1/4· Crown Stapler 3/8" · 1 " . .. 194 104
114� Crown Stapler 3/4··1 ·9/16·310 175
M ulti-pur
nailer & stapler .. 180 98
EZ·1
Above nailers come w/case.
fasteners, 011
wrenches
0565T
Angle Finish Nailer , . - 2-112"
.205
8 290 F aming Nailer 2· - 3·112"
475 315
Airy nailers use
faste
DUO-FAST AIR NAILERS
Model
Descrlption .........................Llst Sale
LFN-764
Finish Nailer 1· - 2· ..
. . 611 329
Framing Nailer · Full Head .. 702 399
CN-350
Framing Nailer· Clip Head .. 682
CN-325
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 16
March/April 1997
25
Like Having A Lumberyard
Right in Your Shop!
NOW!
Plane,
Mold,
Sand
&withSaw • • •
Infinitely
Variable
Power·Feed!
Put this versatile power-feed tool to work in your own shop. See how
fast it pays for itself! Quickly converts low-cost rough lumber into
valuable finished stock, quarter-round, casing, base mold, tongue
groove . . . all popular patterns . . . even custom designs!
isimPie cup-hinge hoi;; "diiiii ngl
. Set - D ri l l - nsert - That's a l l !. .
•
•
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•
•
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•
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fixed measurements and distances
Drilling depth can be made exact.
Simple and fast handling
up to
manufacturers
( Blum, Grass, Hettich, Mepla etc.)
lease ask for a free
leaflet.
-
---===---
I nfinitely Va riable Feed Rate!
70
Now, just a twist of the dial adjusts your planer from
to over
cuts-per- inch ! Produces a glass-smooth fi nish on tricky grain
patterns no other planer can handle. Converts to Drum Sander or
Gang Rip Saw in under five minutes. Call today for FREE FACTS.
....
:..iii
1·800·821·6651
ext.
PE63
Woodmaster
Tools,
Inc.
1 431 N. Topping Ave. Dept. PE63
Wood Ltd.
READ
ER SERVICE
Contr
oLokT:
A new measure of COIdroI
.
ultimate in blade control.
ControLok is another "first" from Starrett, the leader in measuring tape
innovation. It provides instant, automatic locking as the blade is pul led out,
to give users the
The
convenient thumb release on the front of the case lets
the user "fine-tu ne" blade position and control the
speed of retraction . This exclusive ControLok design
also elimi nates problems with measurement
interference and accidental blade retraction that are
common with bottom-<:ontrol led tapes.
The L.S.Starrett Company, 121 Crescent Street, Athol, MA 01331. Tel: (508)249-5330. Fax: (508) 24
ER SERVICE NO. 96
Sup lies for woadnwtiqorukeres atonrders!
C
a
l
o
r
Wr
i
t
e
F
o
r
Y
o
u
r
FR
E
C
1-800-843-PO3320 atalog
••
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Roll top accessories
Hoosier accessories
Carvings
moldings
Furniture components
Over
Brass,
Glass
Wooden
Hardware items
Much, Much More
&
1,000&
•
Dept. 60017
Box 278
Woonsocket, SO 57385
READER SERVICE NO.
r�
StOtteU®
Innovations That Work
0.202
•
ControLok features a rugged , i mpact-resistant case
with a unique rubber grip panel for sure hand l i ng . All
tapes have heavy d uty blades with an ultraviolet topcoat
and Starrett Tough Tipe blade
protectors. ControLok tapes a re available in three
sizes (1/2"x12 ' , 3!4"x16 ' , 1"x2 5 ' ) . Users may choose
from a Chrome case or any of three high-visibil ity
colors (yellow, green, orange).
Fine Woodworking
WoodWrite has the answers.
The
WoodWrite lathe surpasses all other mini­
lathes in speed, efficiency and accuracy.
The WoodWrite assembly press assures
q uick, consistent alignment when fitting
pens and pencils together. And, WoodWrite
is the only manufacturer of pre-cut, pre­
drilled wood blanks. Call, write or fax for
details.
Write,
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 38
26
�_..
TURNI
PENSACCURA
AND PENCITELLY??S?
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2121 Abell Lane, Bldg. #1
Sparks, MD 211 52, USA
Phone: (Toll-free) 1 -888-WOODWRITE
Fax: 41 0-771 -4879
Kansas City, MO 641 20
READ
of your working time.
Individual jigs are available for specific
&
10 0
50%
9-84
95.
55
Carter Band Saw Guides
increase cutting accuracy,
reduce blade friction and
improve overall saw pertor, mance. variety of models to fit
saws
and larger. Conversion
Kits also available for many
popular saws.
�,g:..�.�' Send1$4A'1.00forBrochures
INC.
MI 49503
-4330
Introducing
The
Long
Awaited
1 i!" [on�rac�or Du�y Radial Arm !iaw
Model 35 1 i!
Dust-Free Sanding
Eliminate hazardous dust
Before it becomes airborne
Speclf'lI:ilt:lon.
2 HP 1 PHASE 220v
1 2' Blade
Electronic Brake
24' Crosscut
Auto Return Device
The
Ori
g
i
n
al
!i
a
w
Company
465
3r
d
P.
O
.
Box
331
Br
i
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wa
504i!
3
BOO-Cal733-l for4063Di(5!i15)�riB43-bu�or3B6B Nl!a(rl!5 15)!i�B43-You3B69
Ave. !iE '
'
'
FAX
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 100
Airborne dust is now being recognized as a major health
98%
hazard. Imagine sanding in a dust-free environment,
where
of the dust created by sanding is gone.
How It Works
Dust produced by sanding is immediately sucked away
through holes located in the sandpaper, the bottom of
the sander's pad, AND around the outside edge ofthe pad
(a FEIN exclusive) . The extracted dust is contained by
a powerful vacuum.
Unbeatable Finishes
Typically when you sand with normal sanders, your
sander ends up riding on a bed of dust and broken
,
y
r
a
n
i
d
r
o
e
h
,
t
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SOLO rises ab 9 a
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runners
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I JuliuS Slum, InC. • Stanley, 28164 • 8'0.438-'''
Thfa r dhwea rue I 5t ,y. m5 taetme b U
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 75
abrasive. With the FEIN Sanding System, this "bed" of
10
dust doesn't exist. Your paper cuts faster, cleaner, and
lasts up to
times longer. You simply can't get the same
finish by any other sanding method.
Automatic Vacuum
When you turn your Fein sander on, the vacuum starts.
When you switch your sander off, the vacuum stops . . .
automatically. The Fein Turbo II Vacuum is built to
handle large amounts of super-fine dust.
It's easy to get more information, simply
call and ask for a free color brochure:
(800)441-9878
FEIN Power Tools Inc.
3 0 1 9 West Carson St.,
Pittsburgh, PA 1 5204
(41 2)33 1 -2325 fax : (4 1 2)33 1-3599
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 155
March/Apri1 1997
27
Methods of Work
Smooth-
edited and drawn byJim Richey
runnin
g drawer guides
operated lever to the basic switch, so my hands are free to handle
the stock. The fingers of the auxiliary-switch lever only loosely
trap the actual switch lever in both the on and off pOSition, pre­
Stlamiripnsaotef plastic
Cl
e
a
t
moun
t
e
d
t
o
c
b
i
n
e
t
�
venting any damage. I fabricated my latest edition of the switch
lever from aluminum, but the original one I made from maple
served me long and well.
Under-bench router-storage drawer
workbench �
Router-bit holder
Grdraowoveer s idnes
Here's an elegant way to make a smooth-running drawer without
using those expensive metal drawer slides that take up too much
space. The technique is a twist on the classic cleated-drawer ap­
proach-grooves on the sides of the drawer mated to correspond­
ing cleats on the sides of the cabinet case. The twist is to glue a
strip of plastic laminate on top of the cleat and on the underside of
the top of the groove. The drawer slides smoothly on the surfaces
of the laminate.
-Dario Brisighella, Oak Creek, Wis.
Drawer
Side view of bit holder
-Andrew Gibbs, West Palm Beach, Fla.
Space is at a premium in my garage shop. So I built this router-bit
Quick tip: To patch the kerf line on a radial-arm saw table that has
grown wide over time,
nlix
storage drawer that fits under my workbench. Make the case from
sawdust and epoxy, and putty-knife it
3f4-in. stock with routed slots to accept the bottom and the sliding
into the slot. After the epoxy sets, scrape and sand the area even
lid. Cut the bit holder strips at a 45° angle on the bottom edge, and
with the table, and get back to work.
uxili
A
-M.
el2
rout the top face of each strip with a 1/2-in. dovetail bit to hold
Felix Marti, Ridgway, Colo.
ary switch for power tools
labels describing each bit. The labels can include bit size and type
in. roundover, for example). The case is suppotted when par­
tially withdrawn, or you can remove it completely for bit selection.
This storage system has been so effective that I added another
drawer under the bench to store files. Bob Bowles, Oxnard, Calif.
-
Adjustable router-table insert
Spacer block
sFwootitc-hoperated
tDoweloggleslocosapetluyr.e switch
g l a s i n s ert
Angle iron
0- PlexiI�
�i
iVfF4k
aBolt etxs acdtljyushtedrtigohtsuheipporghtt .insert �
When I installed the insett in my router table, I didn't bother to rab­
After experimenting with a dozen or so locations and types of ta­
bet the cutout hole to suppott the insett. Instead, I attached spacer
blesaw power switches, this is the one I find most convenient and
blocks and two lengths of angle iron (mine came from an old bed
safest to use. I mounted a standard 20-amp light switch low to the
frame) to the bottom of the router table. The edges of the angle
left side of the saw, as I face the blade. I added an auxiliary, foot-
irons protruded into the cutout about an inch. I drilled a pair of
28
Fine Woodworking
Usually when Porter-Cable makes a remarkable i mprovement in a
tool, we sing its praises as loudly as we can. However, it doesn't seem
right for us to shout about a tool that actually makes so little noise.
Yet that's what we're t e m pted to do with o u r new Whisper
Series™ of Belt Sanders. After all, we took the best 3"x24" and 4"x24"
belt sanders in the business and actually improved them by dramati­
cally reducing their noise output an amazing
Plus we did it without sacrificing any power or ability. In fact, the
Whisper Series' 1 2 amp motor is the most powerful of all belt
sanders. The cast and machined aluminum housing still prop­
erly places the tool's weight directly over the sanding area.
34%
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 142
And its conveniently located variable speed dial makes it the perfect
belt sander for a variety of applications.
If you'd like to hear for yourself the six sanders that have us whisper­
ing at the top of our lungs, visit your local Porter-Cable retai ler. Or call
1 -800-487-8665 (51 9-836-2840 in Canada) for the dealer nearest you.
PORTER+[AB1E
Professional Power Tools Since 1 906
www
http://
Porter-Cable is proud to be a co-underwriter of The
. porter-cable.com
New
Yankee Workshop on public television.
...
Method.. (if \Vt'Jrk (col/iiI/lied)
holes in each iron and inserted a carriage bolt in each hole, as
curves, use jar lids and paint can lids. They're all true circles and
shown in the sketch on p. 28. The four round-head bolts stick up
less trouble to use than a compass when only part of a circle is
needed.
-Percy Blandford, Straiford-upon-Avon, England
into the cutout space to support the plastic router insert at all four
corners. The height of the insert can be adjusted perfecdy to match
the tabletop by adjusting the height of the four carriage bolts.
Clamping aid for
odd
-Mike Holzhauer, Weare,
Quick tip: I like to coat screws with beeswax to make them easi­
NH
er to install. To make a handy dispenser, melt the wax in a double
boiler, and pour the melted wax into an old stick-deodorant dis­
angles
penser. After the wax cools, slip a knife between the wax and the
side of the dispenser to break the seal.
This handy dispenser keeps the wax clean. It also keeps the wax
off your hands as well as your project. Just be sure that it doesn't
end up in your medicine cabinet.
-Vincent] RucinskiJr., Wilmington, Del.
Tape measure glue-insertion tool
/.
Section of old
Jifrogmcustcrap
Drill holes for clamps.
Cut jig at angle to
fit workpiece joint.
It is frustrating to clamp together two boards precisely at an odd­
angled corner. This jig, which can be made quickly from scrap
lumber, will help. Cut a generous scrap of hardwood to the ap­
propriate corner angle, and drill holes through the scrap, as shown,
to accommodate the head of a clamp.
Use two clamps for each jig piece, one on each of the two boards
forming the corner. Make sure the inside corner of the joint is firm
Cut profile on end
to work glue into crack.
against the jig. One jig should suffice for joining narrow boards.
Wider pieces will need two jigs, one on each edge, as shown.
-Keith R. Allen, Cedar Grove,
NC
I'm sure most woodworkers have been faced with the problem of
trying to force glue into a tight split or crack in the workpiece. My
solution for dlis problem is to cut a 6-in. or so section from an old
Using washers for drawing
es
curv
tape measure. Then I cut a profile on the end of the tape, varying
the shape for different applications. The tape section is thin but
Keep stack of different-sized washers
for drawing arcs and rounding corners.
stiff, and it's ideal for working glue into a crevice.
An
-Gregory
H
Joy, Lincoln, Neb.
alternative to winding sticks
The traditional method to determine if a workpiece is twisted is to
use two winding sticks, as illustrated on the cover of
FWW
#120.
I've found two difficulties with that approach. First, it's not easy to
find perfectly straight sticks that won't warp. Second, it is not easy
for those of us who wear bifocals, or thick glasses, to focus on
both sticks at the same time.
My wife had another idea-use a carpenter's bubble level. Set
the workpiece flat on the bench. Place the level on one end of the
I keep a stock of washers in many sizes to use as templates when
workpiece, and with a small wedge, level that end of the work­
drawing rounded corners. Buy one washer of every size from the
piece. Now, move the level to the far end of the workpiece. Any
twist or winding will show up as an out-of-level condition. Using
hardware store, and hang them on a nail in your shop. For larger
30
Fine Woodworking
�(je��\e{<\\.
Stoc,!
&t.L1/
'l
I
'0\0 FREEBORN'S &17] /
NEW
TO N G U E A N D G R OOVE
S ETS FOR
1 /4"
FLAT PAN E L CAB I N ET DOORS
Available with
or 5.5mm ton g ue
(20 d ifferent options)
3/4" - 1 1 /8" Material
C a l l the dealer nearest you
or
800-523-8988
for details.
P.O.
CALL FOR OUR CATALOG
WA
FREEBORN TOOL COMPANY, INC.
N EW
Box 6246 · Spokane,
99207
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 157
When you phone our toll-free number and order your
detail-rich, complimentary 32-page Leigh catalog you're
well on your way to a new level of woodworking crafts­
manship. The Leigh Dovetail Jigs and growing
array of accessories remain the universal
benchmark for precision, easy-to-use router
NEW F1
Cal1-800-663-8932
For Your Fre 32-Page Catalog Now!
joinery tools. And with the addition of the
Multiple Mortise and Tenon Attachment and
now the
Finger Joint Attachment,
the ingenious, patented Leigh Jig System
sets new standards for quality, versatility and conve­
nience. Do what thousands of serious woodworkers
worldwide have done already; call us today.
Leigh Tel.JOi6PO04ninBo4g64-xTradi3572700, PorttioFnaxWiC6o04qtlitlamh4Today64-,74B04C, Canada V3C4K6
Indusbies Ltd.,
March/Apri1 1997
31
Methods of Work (continlled)
my level, I'm convinced that I get better results than I would by
using winding sticks.
- Winfield Sample, Eureka, Calif.
kin ood
Ma
gw
-dust fIller
Custom-made fasteners
/'"
r:'
. " � Lathe
Bend flat corner iron
to make fasteners.
Underside table
of
Sawkerf
I make tabletop fasteners from steel corner irons. First I bend one
An easy way to generate dust to make wood filler is to turn a piece
of wood on a lathe. With a gloved hand, hold a piece of sandpaper
against the rotating piece. Sanding dust will quickly pile up on
leg of the iron at a right angle, as shown in the sketch. Then I cut a
thin kerf in the table apron th at this new bend will fit into. I just
the sandpaper.
stick the end of the iron in the kerf and screw the other leg to the
Methods of Work buys readers' tips, jigs and tricks. Send details,
sketches (we 'll redraw them) and photos to Methods of Work, Fine
underside of the top.
This technique is quick and easy, and it allows plenty of wood
movement.
-William
MAK
E IT
WITHMOBILE
HTC MOBILE MACHINE BASES
For a FREE
Ful-Color Catalog
of HTC'
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anywhere else!
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al today ,
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 135
32
Fine Woodworking
D.
Murrey, Madison, Tenn.
-Bill Kadi, Hayward, Calif.
p.o.
Woodworking,
Box 5506, Newtown, CT 06470-5506 We'll re­
turn only those contributions that include an SASE.
a5461 SDoivustihonAorfvWil eo•dLwaosrkVeer'sgaEsm,pNoVriu8m91 8 I'.
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magnetic
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SHAKER CHAIR KITS
Discover the beautiful proportions and
3 second, one-handed setup
classic simplicity of Shaker furniture.
Helps prevent kickback.
Lexan" springs push
wood down and against
the fence.
"Tremendous Power"
dining chairs and tables, rockers, bar
Fiillte Woodworkil g
nCaearlefsotrdyeoauler
Use on tablesaws,
jointers, shapers.
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 187
Our catalog features reproduction
stools, candle stands, small tables,
clocks, oval boxes, baskets, peg board
and Shaker chair tape. Furniture
available as precisely fashioned kits for
easy finishing or custom finished.
FREE
SHAKER
8001-FW71·8,0WORKSHOPS
A·s8h4b0u.r9n1h2am1 , MA 01430
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Box
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 661
Work smarter, safer and cleaner
W
o o d M a r k' s n e w c e i l ­
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35
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READER SERVICE NO. 22
March/April 1997
37
Fine
�d�1orking
Cock Beads Dress Up a Drawer
A 1 7th-century detail stands the test oftime
by Garrett Hack
March/April 19 7
I
n the late 1 7th
century, English
tastes in furniture ran
to surfaces veneered in burls
and other wild-grained,
exotic woods. The thin
veneers were vulnerable
to chipping unless they were
protected by molding.
Drawers were especially at
risk. Edges were completely
exposed when the drawer
was open, and simply
opening and closing the
drawers could damage the
veneer on the drawerfront.
Then some innovative
furnituremaker came up
with the idea of attaching
small, molded strips to the
Rout the rabbet. Cut tofull depth, but set thefence to slightly less than the thickness
of the rabbet so that it can be trued up with a plane. To avoid tearout, rout the sides
first and then the top and bottom edges.
Interest in cock beading survived into the
and sizing the bead to fit the rabbet; and
Federal period, even on surfaces that were
mitering and securing the beads in place.
not veneered. Cock beads were used like
sU'ing inlay-to create a line around a draw­
er face or along a table apron.
I use cock beads in many of my designs,
Rabbets
routed
and then cleaned with a plane
are
I finish building and fitting a drawer to its
both around drawers and at the bottom of
opening before cutting the rabbets to
drawer edges. They protected
aprons (see the photos on the facing page).
house the cock beads. Anything more than
Cock beads and imitation cock beads,
the smallest amount of fitting done after the
the veneer and gave the
called incised beads (see the box on p. 41),
bead is glued in place will be noticeable. If
add visual interest to a range of furniture
you take a few shavings off the sides of a
styles, from Federal to Shaker-inspired.
drawer that's too tight, all of a sudden, the
drawer a distinctive border.
A
Cock beading a drawer is quite easy.
There are three steps: cutting the rabbet for
detail was born.
the bead around the drawer front; shaping
cock beads on the drawer's sides may look
thinner than the top and bottom beads.
In earlier days when dovetails were just
March/April 1997
39
RatThehebwaytbeop tedgetointgheofadrtdrahweaerdrwasewidrerfwhenofrronat iacscoroacnbktbreabetsetdianalgdl
woodtkhineddrofaiswwooduerseisd open.ifsovir tshieblebeaalodn. gThtihsewatoyp,edgeonly onwhe n
Rabbet
Tcsuohtpoulwihadlferb-eption
caoccokmmoda
bead. te
Clean up the back edge of the top rabbet. A knife or a chisel
works well. Leaving this paper-thin buffer in place while routing
prevents damage to thefront edge of the drawer sides.
Drawer side
Drawer front
BoUom and
side rabbets
are cleaned up
with a rabbet
plane. The in­
side corners can
be cleaned out
with a chisel,
if necessary.
construction joints rather than aesthetic
On the bottom edge of the drawer front,
the drawer front. By saving an offcut from
focal points on a piece of furniture, cabi­
the rabbet is the same depth as it is on the
the drawer face, you will get the best pos­
netmakers did not mind covering their
sides. But on the top edge, I rabbet the full
sible color and grain match, and the jOint
dovetails with cock beads. Today, howev­
thickness of the drawer front when I'm us­
will be nearly invisible.
er, furnituremakers generally want their
ing a contrasting wood. When the drawer
The rabbet can be cut with a tablesaw,
dovetails to be seen. So when I cock bead
is open, you see only the cock bead, not
router or hand tools. Because the rabbet's
a drawer, I use half-blind dovetails and rab­
the wood used for the drawer front. Be
exact dimensions depend on the size of the
bet the sides of the drawer to the base of
sure to make the top half-pin wide enough
bead, I either make up a sample piece of
the dovetail pins-usually about 5/16 in. (see
the drawing above). A typical cock bead is
for the bead (see the drawing above).
bead or use a piece saved from a previous
I/S 1/16
about
in. thick and extends beyond the
drawer face about
in.
40
Fine Woodworking
If you intend to use the same wood for
the cock bead and the drawer front, you
can just cut the same size rabbet all around
project to make sure that the size of the
rabbet will be right.
I think a router is the easiest tool to use for
Photos: Vincent Laurence; drawings: Michael Gellatly
the cock
bead's
country
•
cousIn
large drawers. I clamp the drawer to my
bench and use a hand-held router with a
wooden fence to get a rabbet of consistent
width. The rabbet's depth is set by adjusting
the bit's depth of cut. Marking the outside
edge of the rabbet with a knife, especially
where the router will exit the cut, will pre­
vent any splintering. Routing across the
grain first (the sides of the drawer) and then
with the grain also will eliminate tearout at
the end of the cut. I cut the rabbets slightly
undersize, so I can true and size them with
a chisel and a small rabbet plane.
Shape a bead by hand-A
homemade scratch beader is
the author's preferred tool.
A scratch beader can be both
pushed and pulled.
For small drawers, you can cut the rab­
bets on a router table (see the photo on
p. 39). Set the bit height for the depth of the
rabbet, and set the fence for the thickness
of the bead. Cut the sides first, then the bot­
as
tom and then the top. The bit height will
Beads cut into and flush with the face of the drawer are known
need to be reset for the top rabbet. For the
They're just scratched into the surface of the drawer front, but when they run
rabbet on the top edge of the drawer, set
the bit so it cuts just shy of the drawer sides.
Clean up the paper-thin strip that's left with
a knife or a chisel (see the top photo on the
facing page). Holding the router bit slightly
incised beads.
all
around the drawer, they look as though they were mitered. Sometimes they're just
cut into the top and bottom edges of a drawer front. They're found more often on
country
furni
ture and were meant to imitate high-style applied cock beads. Incised
beads don't create the same shadow lines, but they are an interesting detail on an
away from the drawer sides eliminates the
otherwise plain drawer face. The bead isn't very deep: Just the faintest suggestion
possibility of chipping or tearout.
is
A few passes over the edges of the draw­
er with a finely set rabbet plane will give
you a straight and true edge and produce a
nearly invisible glueline (see the bottom
photo on the facing page). I check fre­
all
that's necessary. If you cut it too deep or make the bead too narrow, the
short-grain beads at the sides of the face will be
vuln
erable to chipping.
Incised beads can be cut in nearly as many ways as cock beading. I like to use a
homemade scratch beader (see the photo above) along with a chisel, a marking
knife and a block plane. To make my scratch beader, I ground a proflle on a piece
quently along the length of each side of the
of heavy-duty hacksaw blade with a thin grinding wheel mounted in a drill. The
drawer with a small square to be sure the
grinding wheel is the kind you fmd in a hardware store, with an arbor already on
rabbets are square to the face.
it. I fmd it easier to bring the steel to the grinding wheel, so I pinch the drill in my
Beads c
with a n
be shaped
ber of tools
anum
I 've cut beads with a router, beading
planes, a Stanley No. 66 beading tool and
homemade scratch beaders. A router is the
bench vise. Then I hone both sides of my cutter on benchstones and use a slip
stone to hone the proflle. The cutter is driven into a sawkerf in a hardwood block
and is held in place with a fmishing nail. The proflle is adjusted by extending or
retracting the blade from the side of the block, which acts as a fence.
The trick to a good incised bead is to take your time and work carefully­
most consistent and easiest tool for making
especially around the corners. It' s very easy to overshoot a corner and cut
lots of beading, even though it's hard to
through the adjoining bead. I creep up on a corner from both directions using
find bits that will cut small beads.
light cuts. The scratch beader
Beading planes can be found in antique­
tool shops, some as small as '/8 in. Also,
And it shapes wood across the
many antique-tool dealers have the Stanley
grain nearly as well as it does
No. 66 (a reproduction of the Stanley is
made by Lie- ielsen Toolworks). Quite of­
ten, I use a homemade scratch beader. With
the Stanley No. 66 and the scratch beader,
can be both pushed and pulled.
with the grain.
After I've done all I can with the
scratch beader, I use a chisel and
there are no restrictions on the size of bead
marking knife to clean up the
I can make because I can grind my own
inside corners and a block plane
cutters. Because of the time involved, these
to refme the shape of the outside
hand-tool methods are better for cutting
edge of the bead all around.-G.H
beading for just a few drawers. Although
the resulting bead is slightly inconsistent, it
has a wonderful, handmade feel.
I cut strips of beading from a board a few
inches longer than the drawer width and
Complete the corners. Use a
chisel and knife to clean up the
corners. The corners should be
sharp and appear to be mitered.
March/Apri1 1997
41
somewhat thicker than the width of the
widest finished bead. I stat1 by planing the
two long edges of the board smooth, flat
and square. I work from both edges of a
board at the same time, shaping two beads
on a router table (see the far left photo). It
saves time.
After cutting the beads, I rip the strips off
the board on the tablesaw, keeping them
slightly thicker than the depth of the rab­
bets (see the near left photo). Then I plane
them to thickness, using a caliper to check
my progress as I go. When planing, I place
the strips of beading jointed side down to
Router cuts beads quickly and con­
sistently. When he has a lot of beading
to cut, the author chooses the router. The
only drawback is the limited availability
of router bits with small profiles.
Beads are sawn off both sides. The
author leaves a little extra material next
to the bead and then planes the bead to
a precise thickness. A push stick is used
to move the beadpast the blade.
remove sawmarks.
To hold the beads in place when I ' m
planing, I p u t them in a very simple fix­
ture, a thickness gauge of sorts (see the
bottom photo at left). The strips of wood
holding the bead in place are approxi­
mately the desired thickness of the bead
and are glued and tacked to a piece of ply­
wood. Make sure the brads are set well be­
low the surface so that you don't nick a
plane iron.
Jointing new edges on the board, cutting
two beads, ripping them off and planing
them to thickness eventually yields enough
strips for what I need and some extras, just
in case. Depending on how many drawers
I ' m cock beading, I'll make between 20%
and 50% extra-the fewer the drawers, the
higher the percentage.
The final step is to rip each strip to the
width of the rabbet plus the amount the
bead projects from the surface. I find this
more accurate than cutting the strips from a
board that's only as thick as the final bead­
ed strips are wide. It's easier to keep the
wider strips a consistent thickness across
their width as I'm planing them. Also, I can
cut the wider top beads with the same set­
up. I measure for the top bead by setting
one of the thinner beads in place at the side
of the drawer and using a caliper to mea­
sure from the front of the bead to the back
of the drawer front. This ensures that the
top bead will project beyond the drawer
front the same amount as d1e cock beading
around the sides and bottom.
dra
Work your way
around the
wer
The beads are mitered on all four corners.
If you are setting the top bead in a rabbet
the same depth as the other three, rather
than the full depth of the face, then the mi­
tering is straightforward. If the top edge
Plane strips of beading to thickness. A fixture consisting of three pieces ofsoft­
wood glued and tacked to a piece ofplywood holds the bead in place.
42
Fine Woodworking
bead is full widd1, then it's mitered only to
where the side beads meet it. This stopped
AtAfartetglar tuchhedidoorningtoaplhacscoebeenc. kEacbrheacbaobedrntteerod,iastmirdriptsearofwed.ebear ding
Whenofat the cdrthoaernwteoerrps fbeawherrondt,eist ttishmeestfoeup-tlsmwithitdetrhed
side beads.
Top bead
Stopped miter
Brad
\.� .
sDridaewer
fDrroanwt er
sbrOnidaeddrsbeaaiwn deradsdiawirteiodpinerntonthebeiadnwingtihngl.a,utfed.hew
Clamp the bottom and sides in two directions. A rabbeted caul allows
you to clamp the cock beadfirmly into the drawerface in both planes,
producing the least visible gluelines. A flat caulprotects the top bead.
5
miter is not terribly difficult to cut; howev­
top bead in place, using softwood cauls to
tile side beads on drawers wider tllan about
er, it is the pan of this process that requires
protect the bead and the rabbet at the
the most attention.
drawer bottom.
5 in. are best secured with a few small brads
in addition to glue. Drawers wider than 8 in.
or
I start with the bead along the top edge.
I work my way around the drawer face.
I mark and cut it to length and mark out
There are two minor differences in dealing
the depth of the stopped miters at either
with the three remaining sides. The side
pencil of the same color as the cock bead,
end. Holding the strip against a simple
and bottom beads need to be clamped in
the holes are nearly invisible.
miter block, I saw the miter close with a
two directions, tight against both faces of
dovetail saw, and then I pare it so that it fits
the rabbet, so you don't end up with a visi­
perfectly. Before attaching the beads, I
ble glueline. I use a rabbeted caul to exert
smooth-plane the face of the drawer front
pressure both down and in (see the photo
one last time. Then I glue and clamp the
above). Because of cross-grain movement,
so should not be cock beaded. By setting
0
tile brads and filling tile holes with a wax
1975
Garrett Hack trained as an architect before
turning to fum itummaking in
He
designs and builds furniture and farms
about a dozen acres in Theiford Centel; Vt.
March/April 1997
43
R
emember the commercial about the
packages selling for between $250 and
that's 24 in. deep by 32 in. wide, which
knife that sliced, diced and per­
formed a myriad of other tasks, even
$300. I'd rather spend my money on wood.
keeps it light enough to move around yet
gliding through a tomato after cutting a
That same money would buy some really
big enough to handle about anything I'd
spectacular fiddleback Oregon walnut.
use a router table for. It's 16 in. high, which
metal pipe? Well, that's what a router table
I've been building furniture for years, and
is like. You can cut stopped and through
my bare-bones router table has given me
grooves, dadoes, rabbets and dovetailed
excellent, accurate results. The router table
is a good height for placing it on boards on
sawhorses or on a low assembly bench.
slots. You can raise panels, cut sliding dove­
in the photo above is a variation that is
Biscuits and dadoes join parts
tails, tenons and mortises. It's no wonder
inexpensive, simple to construct and ex­
tremely versatile. It's a simple, three-sided
box made from a half-sheet of 3/4-in.-thick
When you buy the melamine, make sure
that many woodworkers can't imagine
working wood without one.
the sheet is flat. And buy it in a color other
than blinding white-it's tough on the eyes.
But router tables can be expensive. In one
melamine with the front left open for easy
The melamine I used had a particleboard
woodworking catalog, I saw a number of
access to the router. I made mine with a top
core. Biscuits are stronger than screws in
44
Fine Woodworking
Photos: Vincent �1 urence
Shallow dado in­
creases glue surface.
To strengthen the joints
between the sides and
top, the author routs a
dado 1/16 in. deep in the
underside of the top di­
rectly over biscuit slots.
Fiberboard back
prevents racking. Al­
though it's only
in.
thick, thefiberboard
back greatly strength­
ens the table. The fiber­
board is glued and
screwed into a rabbet
all around the back
of the table.
%
particleboard, so I joined the two sides to
deeply, though, or the biscuits would have
to tlle top one at a time, using battens to
the top with #20 biscuits. To make the cuts
distribute the clamping pressure. I made
in the underside of the top, I took a spacer
bottomed out. I settled on a 1/1 6-in.-deep
pass centered over the biscuit slots (see the
block 5 in. wide, aligned it with the end of
top photo). Before cutting the dado, how­
waited for the glue to set up.
the top and set my plate joiner against it for
ever, I dry-fitted the sides and top with bis­
I used a router and rabbeting bit to cut a
the cuts. The width of the block deter­
cuits in place to check alignment. Then I
stopped rabbet in the back edge of the top.
mined the overhang of the top. Marks on
scored heavily around the edges of the
Then I glued and screwed down the 1/4-in.
the spacer block gave me my centers.
side pieces with a marking knife and rout­
medium-density fiberboard (MDF) back
The biscuit joints probably would have
ed the shallow dadoes.
sure each side was square to the top and
panel (see the bottom photo). Hardboard
been plenty strong by themselves, but I
Before gluing the sides to the top, I rab­
wanted to add a little extra strength to the
beted the back edge of the two sides for a
joint. So I decided to dado the underside of
1/4-in. panel to strengtllen the table and pre­
I use a fixed-base router in my router
table because it's lighter than most plunge
the top for the sides. I couldn't dado very
vent it from racking. Then I glued the sides
routers and won't cause the table to sag
or plywood would have worked as well.
March/April 1997
45
Cut the hole with a router bit. With
the router base screwed to the underside
of the top, the author advances his
largest bit through the table. Go slowly.
A recess for interchangeable inserts­
A plunge router and chisel make short
work of a recess in the tabletop that
accepts insertsfor different-sized bits.
bits. I just drop the router motor out of the
L-shaped fence provides
dust collection
base, change bits, reinstall the router and
The fence I've always used might be called
pieces of 3f4-in.-thick MDF to frame the
I'm back to work.
low tech, but there's really no tech to it at
dust-collection port (see the top right pho­
over time. Also, it's much easier to change
To create sidewalls for the dust-collection
hook-up, I added two triangular-shaped
I attached the router base to the under­
all. It's simply a straight, wide, flat piece of
to on the facing page). I glued these trian­
side of the tabletop with machine screws
wood jointed so that one edge is square to
gles in place on either side of the dust
that go down through the top into the
a face. I clamp it to the router table wherev­
holes, just rubbing them in place and let­
tapped holes in the router base. To mark
er I need it. The fence doesn't have to be
ting them set up without clamping. After
the location of the screw holes, I removed
parallel to a table edge to work. When a bit
the glue had cured, I filed the triangles
the router subbase and made pencil marks
needs to be partially hidden for a cut, I use
flush with the fence, top and bottom.
on the top. Then I drilled and countersunk
another board with a recess cut into its face.
To complete the dust-collection hook­
The only thing my primitive fence lacks
up, I measured the diameter of the nozzle
is dust collection. Hooking up a vacuum or
a dust collector just won't work in some sit­
on my shop vacuum and cut a hole to
marked out where the bit hole should go
and drilled a 3f4-in. hole into the table. I put
uations, such as when I plow a groove. But
board. I left the hardboard oversized,
a 2 '/s-in.-dia. chamfer bit in my router-the
with other operations-raising a panel,
clamped it to the drill-press table and used
largest bit I have. I started the tool and
gradually moved the bit up and through
rabbeting a drawer or box bottom, or cut­
a circle cutter on my drill press. Then I cut
ting an edge profile-having a fence with a
the hardboard to size and glued and
the tabletop (see the photo above left).
dust port can really help clear the air.
screwed it to the two triangular walls.
holes into the tabletop.
With the base attached to the table, I
To prevent workpieces from diving into
accommodate it in a piece of '/4-in. hard­
The fence I built for this router table is
this hole when using small bits, I made a
made of two pieces of 3f4-in.-thick MDF
set of inserts that fit in a shallow recess
about 4 '/2 in. wide and 49 in. long rabbeted
Auxiliary fences solve specific prob­
lems-A two-piece auxiliary fence can be
around the bit hole. Holes in the inserts ac­
together to form an L-shape (see the photo
used to close up the area around the bit
commodate bits of different sizes with
at left on the facing page). I cut a semi­
when routing profiles, rabbeting or per­
minimal clearance. I routed out the rabbet­
circular hole at the center of each for dust
forming similar operations. This way,
ed recesses for the inserts first, using a
collection. This allows for better pickup. I
there's no chance of a small piece diving
plunge router guided by a straightedge. I
also routed slots in the vertical part of the
into the gap between bit and fence. And
squared the corners with a chisel.
I made the inserts of '/4-in. tempered
fence so I could attach auxiliary fences for
specific operations, such as raising panels
with a smaller opening around the bit, the
dust collector or vacuum will work more
hardboard. Their square shape keeps them
or rabbeting. Once these slots are routed,
efficiently. When the fence is situated back
from spinning during use and makes them
the two pieces of the fence can be glued
from the bit, such as when mortising, an­
easy to fit. I cut a bunch of them on the
together. Make sure the fence clamps up
otl1er set of auxiliary pieces can be used, so
tablesaw and then sanded each to a perfect
square because virtually everything you
there's no gap between the two halves (see
fit on a belt sander.
use the table for depends on it.
the bottom photo on tl1e faCing page).
46
Fine Woodworking
Clamp thefence square. Adjust the
clamps (left) to get the two pieces square
over the entire length of thefence.
Screw dust-collection port to fence
(above). Smear a bead ofglue along the
two triangular sidewalls. Drill holes and
screw the hardboard back to them.
I made the auxiliary fence from two more
from feeding your work smoothly past the
pieces of MDF. The auxiliary fence is drilled
bit. If your work catches on the outfeed
and countersunk for machine screws that
side of the fence, easing its leading edge
ride in slots cut in the main fence. I use
nuts and washers to tighten the two pieces
with a file or a chisel may help. If it doesn't,
you can always shim the infeed side with
in position.
slips of paper.
When using the auxiliary fence, I close
the two halves around the moving bit to
Another router table problem I've found
is what to do with large upright pieces,
provide a custom fence. When I'm done
such as panels cut with a vertical panel­
with it, I can set the fence aside for future
raising bit. The solution is to screw a taller
use or just cut it off square and use it again.
auxiliary fence to the main fence. The
Closing the fence into a bit with a diameter
fence can be pivoted right into the bit, so
that's less than the thickness of the fence
there's no gap on either the infeed or out­
D
will not open up the back of the fence to
feed side of the bit, yet there's dust collec­
the dust-collection port. In this situation, I
tion behind the bit.
pivot the fence through the spinning bit
before setting the fence for depth of cut.
Make sure that the outfeed side of the
fence doesn't stick out any farther than the
infeed side. If it does, it will prevent you
198190.74
Gary Rogowski has been building furni­
ture in Portland, Ore., since
and
teaching woodworking since
He is a
contributing editor to Fine Woodworking.
Using a closed auxiliary fence­
Routing awayfrom thefence callsfor
auxiliary pieces butted tightly together
to form a smooth, continuous surface.
March/April 1997
47
Pear Mantel Clock
Clean lines andfew details make this clock
handsome and easy to build
by Mario Rodriguez
M
y daughter Isabel's
for the grooves, which are just
seventh birthday was
slightly wider to accommodate
fast approaching, and
the face and back panels. I
I wanted to build her some­
made these from 1/4-in. birch
thing special. She had recently
plywood, veneering one side
learned to tell time, so a clock
with quartersawn pear veneer.
seemed like the perfect way to
To ensure accurate, square cuts
mark the occasion. I designed
the clock in the Arts-and-Crafts
on the router table, I used a
style; it looks somewhat con­
than
temporary but still has a tradi­
the tablesaw, I cut the corre­
right-angle jig and cut no more
lis
in. deep per pass. With
tional feel (see the photo at
sponding stub tenons at the top
left). The joinery is simple, just
of the case sides and on the
stub tenons and dadoes, most
ends of the lower and middle
of which can be cut quickly on
shelves. They were cut just a lit­
a router table and tablesaw.
tle wide and then fitted by hand.
The clock consists of eight
I tapered the outside faces of
parts: the top, bottom and two
the clock sides using a jack
Sides, the middle shelf assem­
plane, taking the sides from
bly, veneered panels for the
3f4 in. at the bottom to just under
face and back of the clock, and
1/2 in. at the top. This gives the
a door below the middle shelf.
clock a lighter feel and is a de­
The clock is just a bit taller than
tail found on many Arts-and­
16 in. As a result, not a lot of
Crafts clocks made earlier this
wood is required to build it,
century. A 1/2-in. cove routed
and the planing, sanding and
around the underside of the
finishing don't take very long.
clock's top gives it a visual lift.
This clock is made of pear,
With the top, bottom and
which has a very mild grain that
sides made and fitted, I planed
lets the clock's design domi­
and scraped the pieces. They
nate. A coarsely grained or
were sprayed inside and out
heavily figured wood could
with two very thin coats of
overpower a clock of this size.
aerosol nitrocellulose sanding
sealer followed by one coat of
Use router table
and tablesaw for joinery
joints free of lacquer, I taped the
The two sides of the clock are
stub tenons and temporarily fit
semigloss lacquer. To keep the
dadoed into the top, and the
1i4-in. strips into all the dadoes. I
lower and middle shelves are
scuff-sanded with 320-grit sand­
dadoed to the sides. I routed
paper between coats. Spraying
these stopped dadoes as well as
before assembly allowed easy
the grooves for the back panel
access into corners, eliminated
and face panel on the router
drips and reduced overspray.
table. The dadoes are all 1/4 in.
48
Fine Woodworking
deep by 1/4 in. wide. I moved the
Middle shelf-The middle shelf
router-table fence over a hair
requires a 1 1/4-in.-dia. hole for
Photo this page: Scott Phillips
Pear
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'I� t7 and the face and back panels.
Top, 3/. in. x 4'/, in. x 9'h in.
Ve7'/.nien.rseqd. face panel, Tenon, V. x V.
Cove% in.,radius
Vepanelne ,r7'ed/,bax ck �����
Grbacokovpae nfoelr
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Setback, '!. in.
cHollocienk.fsoditream,.
1-!Ii-I -+-- aDamis dedlomblefosryhelf
1'!. in.
Door hinge hole
in.
Dadolowerfsohrelf
Door,in. x in.
chiHol1'/,meinef.odiroads. ,
Spl'I. in. e,thick
2L:%owein.r deepshelf, Middle shelf
atSidbote taopmertsofraobmou3/t.'/in2 .in. at top.
I n lay strip, in. thick
K.:I, �
1 5%
5/'6
7/'6
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Orawings: Bob La
Pointe
Making the checkered inlay
MAKING THE MIDDLE SHELF
The checkerboard band across the middle of the
clock is an eye-catching detail, and it really makes
the clock. You'll find that it invites close inspection.
For best results, use clean, straight material, and don't
use any sapwood or wood with other defects. You'd
only have to discard several strips of inlay later. -M.R.
1.
Prepare two
"sandwiches" of
material-one with
a lighter wood in
between two dark
pieces, and the
otherjust the
opposite. Width
and length aren 't
critical, but each
layer of the lam­
inations must be
exactly 114 in. thick.
2.
Plane the edges
of each lamina­
tion square to the
faces, and make
sure the edges are
free ofglue. Cross­
cut laminations
into segments ex­
actly 114 in. wide.
Plane thefrom railflush. Using a sharp block plane is a
quick way to bring the top and bottom edges of thefront rail
down to the level of the inlay.
3.
Arrange seg­
ments from alter­
nating sandwiches.
Glue and clamp
them together. Ap­
ply pressure down,
as well, onto a steel
plate or something
similar, to ensure
even registration
all the way across.
4.
When the glue
has cured, clean up
and square the
completed checker­
board blank.
Bandsaw into
1116-in.-thick strips.
Using a knife to
pull the thin strips
along on the out­
feed side of the
blade helps. Select
the bestpiecesfor
the clock inlay.
Kerffront rail and middle shelffor a spline. One pass with
each piece over a standard-width blade is plenty. Then just
plane the spline to fit.
chime rods and a 3-in. by 1 1/4-in.
board inlay, which I made of
cutout for the pendulum. I made
ebony and pear (see the photos
the hole on the drill press with a
at left for a complete descrip­
Forstner bit and cut out the cav­
tion of making the inlay). After
ity for the pendulum on the ta­
the glue had cured, I planed the
blesaw and bandsaw.
front rail flush with the inlay
A band of checkerboard inlay
(see the top photo), cut the
is let into a front rail, which is
front rail to length and clamped
splined to the middle shelf. I
up the middle shelf assembly
used the tablesaw to cut the slot
(see the photo at right on the
for the lis-in. spline and to cut
facing page). I taped the stub
the rabbet in the top of the front
tenons and sprayed the assem­
rail for the veneered face panel.
bly before moving on to the
To create the recess for the
plywood panels for the clock
checkerboard inlay, I plowed a
face and back.
1/1 6-in.-deep groove across the
center of the front rail on the ta­
blesaw and planed it smooth
Veneer the face
and back panel
and flat. Then I glued and
Because I didn't want to worry
clamped down the checker-
about wood movement across
Photos except where noted: Vincent laurence
Check the alignment
(left). The top of the mid­
dle shelf and the top of
thefront rail should be
flush. The 1/4-in. groove
accepts the bottom edge
of theface panel.
Middle shelf assembly
Theis 23/.miind.dldeepe sheovelf arsale.mbly
'Fhroi n.txra1i%l, in.
,.
Tenon, '!. x '!.
"'1<<23/. in.------�
Middle shelf
'IAnslaiyn.sxtr3i/p.,in.
Middle shelf and front rail are joined with a spline. Hand
screws provideplenty ofclamping pressure, but be sure thefront
rail stays square to the shelfas pressure is applied.
the width of the clock, I used
cut the panels to size. To mark
sources box on p. 53). I set the
1/4-in.-thick birch plywood for
the center of the face for the
back panel aside until d1e whole
the face and the back panels.
clock movement, I struck diag­
clock was glued up.
I veneered the plywood with
onals from corner to corner and
clear, quartersawn pear. This
used an awl to make an impres­
way, the grain all but disap­
sion where the lines crossed.
Glazed door swings
up on dowel
ges
pears. After shooting and taping
Then I scraped and sanded the
The little door that swings up
chopped
the veneer seams, I glued the
pear veneer. I finished the face
to provide access to the pendu­
mortises in d1e back side of the
veneer to the plywood using
with sanding sealer and semi­
lum is of standard mortise-and­
door for the muntin assembly
yellow glue and a warm iron
gloss lacquer. By finishing the
tenon construction. Both top
(see the photo at right on p. 52).
(for more on this technique, see
face before drilling for the
and bottom rails are 1 1/2 in. wide,
I ripped d1e muntin stock on
FWW
# 108, pp. 48-51). Ordinar­
clock stem, I didn't have to
slightly wider than the stiles.
the tablesaw and planed and
ily, both sides of the substrate
avoid the hole when I sanded
The top rail takes a mild curve,
scraped it to its final %2 in.
should be veneered so the
or rubbed with steel wool.
and the bottom accepts a small
thickness. I cut the tenons on
bin
the photo at left on p. 52).
After the door frame was
glued up, I routed a 1/4-in. rab­
bet all around the inside to ac­
cept a pane of glass. I squared
the corners of the rabbet and
small
open-sided
piece won't cup later. But be­
I bored the hole for the clock
knob and visually anchors the
d1e ends of the muntins with a
cause both panels are captured,
movement on my drill press
design. I roughed out the curve
small dovetail saw and fitted
I didn't think it was necessary to
and screwed it to the back of
in the top rail on the bandsaw,
them to the mortises in the
veneer their inside faces.
the face panel (for part num­
and then I cleaned it up using
back of d1e door with a file. The
After the glue had dried, I
bers, price and other informa­
a template and the template
half-lap joint where the two
scraped the veneer tape off and
tion on the movement, see the
guide on my router table (see
muntins cross was done on the
March/April 1997
51
tablesaw. After gluing in the
MAKING THE DOOR
muntin assembly and letting it
dry, I planed it flush with the
front of the door frame.
I cut the glass for the door, but
the edges were still a bit ragged,
so I cleaned them up on a belt
sander clamped into my bench
vise. A lOO-grit belt eased the
edges quickly but safely.
To hold the glass in the rabbet
in the back of the door frame, I
spot-glued a laminated, curved
bar across the top and straight
A template and guide shape
the top door rail. After
bandsawing the curve in the
rail to rough shape, the au­
thor routs it tofinished shape.
strips against the two sides and
the bottom. I made the curved
bar from three thin strips, using
the top rail as a form and plan­
ing them flush after the glue
had dried. Because these re­
taining bars are just glued to the
MuntitlS are tenoned itlto
open mortises in frame. Tap
the tenons home with a small
hammer and a wooden block.
frame in a few spots each, they
can be pried out and the glass
replaced, if necessary. When
the glue had dried, I scraped,
sanded and finished the door.
Back view of door
Location of dowel hinge
holes is critical-I wanted the
Center horizontal muntin
on full height of opening
to top of arch.
Lamiretai niantgedbargla)s
3DowelA6 in.lodi, nga.,
door on this clock to swing up
rather than out, and I didn't
want to mar the clock's appear­
ance with metal hardware. My
solution was to pivot the door
on two short sections of 3/16-in.­
dia. dowel set into holes in the
door's edge and on the inside of
%
the clock case. The exact place­
ment of the holes is critical, but
it's not difficult. Before drilling
the holes in the sides of the
door, I did a test with a piece of
scrap the same size as my door.
I wanted to be sure the door
wouldn't bind on the bottom
edge of the front rail when
opened and that it would set
back 1/4 in. into the clock case.
5/8/. I·n.� ---�1' 3/1/.'6 I n .
�
To drill the hinge holes in the
1 % in.
door, I used a doweling jig and
•
a hand-held drill. I drilled the
holes in the case sides on the
Cross section o f rail
at muntin intersection
'ITMun.enon,in.txin'Istenon,in.
'I. in. dia.
cBulenltetrecadtcinh,btotpopmardoort, rail
drill press, shimming the un­
derside of the thinner end to
get the sides level.
The dowel I used was a little
too fat
to
fit in the holes I had
drilled, so I shaved it with a
block plane before cutting it to
length-about 3/4 in. to start.
52
Fine Woodworking
I dry-fitted the door in the
Assemble case on its side
clock case and fine-tuned the
I laid one side of the case on the
length of the dowels with a file
workbench and glued in the
until I had an even reveal on
bottom and middle shelves.
ext I slid in the veneered face
panel with the works attached. I
both sides of the case, without
much play.
Door knob is turned from
a blank shaped to a Morse
taper-The small pull is made
set in the completed door and
then carefully lowered d1e oth­
case. I first shaped a l -in.-sq.,
er case side, lining up all the
mating pans. After standing the
clock upright, I glued the top on
and clamped up the whole as­
3-in.-long piece of pear into a
sembly, side to side and top to
rough
about 3/4 in. at the end for the
bottom. I adjusted the clamps
until the case was square (see
knob. I cut off the end the drive
d1e photo at right). The back of
spurs had bitten into, replaced
the clock, which slides home in
the drive center with the ta­
a groove, goes on last.
of the same wood as the clock
Morse
taper,
leaving
pered plug and tapped it se­
After the glue had dried, I cut,
curely in place. With the end
planed and finished one side of
free, but secure, I turned a small
a '/4-in.-d1ick door stop. I glued
knob. Then I sanded, bur­
dle door stop onto the bottom
nished and finished it right on
shelf, using spring clamps to
the lathe before cutting it free
hold it in place until the glue
from the tapered plug with a
had set. The bullet catch pro­
small tenon saw.
vides a positive stop for the
I marked the location of the
door, but the door stop will
knob mortise at the center of
prevent the door from being in­
the bottom door rail and drilled
advertently jammed past the
it on the drill press. After some
catch, possibly breaking the
final fitting of the knob tenon
hinge dowels or the case itself.
with a file and sandpaper, I
glued and clamped the knob to
the door using a hand screw.
Snap pendul
rod
to size, and attach hands
um
To hold the door in place
when it's closed, I used a '/4-in.
The pendulum hanger extends
bullet catch made by Brusso
ment through the cutout in the
down into the lower compart­
Assemble the clock on its side, turn it upright and then place
the top on the clock. Adjust the clamps as necessary to make
the case square.
and sold through many wood­
middle shelf. The hanger sup­
in place with the eight tiny
working-supply catalogs. The
ports the adjustable pendulum
brads that came with it. Once
the dial was tacked down, I put
Brusso catch is the cleanest,
shaft. The pendulum shaft is
smallest and least intrusive one
manufactured with scored lines
in a D battery and turned on
I've seen.
across its back so that it can be
the clock.
I dry-assembled the clock,
broken to length. I broke off
Finally, I turned the clock up­
with the door in place. The door
the shaft so the center of the
side down (after temporarily
is positioned correcdy when it is
pendulum bob would swing
removing the pendulum shaft
set back from the front edge of
past the cross hairs formed by
and bob) and slid the back of
the case by '/4 in. evenly top to
the muntins of the door.
the case in from the bottom. I
bottom. I marked straight down
I positioned the one-piece
secured it with two 3f4-in. #8
from d1e front edge of the door
dial and bezel over the clock
brass screws driven into the
at its center. Then I located the
stem extending through the ve­
back edge of the bottom shelf.
center of d1e bottom pan of the
neered face panel (the dial is
The removable back makes it
bullet catch 5/'6 in. back from
that mark. I centered the top pan
the face of the clock; the bezel
easy to change the battery or
is the brass-bound glass disc).
turn off the clock.
of the catch on the %-in.-thick
Then I fastened the dial with
door. The hole in the door can
a thin brass nut. I press-fitted
be bored freehand. But I drilled
the hands over the stem and
the hole in the bottom shelf on
screwed on the top nut. Each
a drill press. Both pieces of the
hand has a slot or hole that cor­
bullet catch can be pushed in
responds with a portion of the
place. No glue is needed.
dial stem.
ext I tacked the dial
0
Mario Rodriguez teaches wood­
working at the Fashion Insti­
tute o/ Technology in New York
City and at Warwick Country
Workshops in WarWick,
He
is a contributing editor to
NYFWW.
Sources ofsupply
The quartz Bim-Bam movement
and the dial-bezel combination
are from Merritt's Antiques
(p.O. Box 277, Douglassville, PA
19518-0277; 800-345-4 101). The
movement is part #P-647W/p
and costs $41. The dial-bezel
combination is part #P-222
and costs $ 19.
The hands are from S. LaRose
(3223 Yanceyville St . P.O. Box
2 1 208, Greensboro,
27420;
910-62 1 - 1 936). The hands are
part #816012 and cost 7 5 ¢ .
,
C
March/April 1997
53
Contractor's Tablesaws
Our editors survey six saws andfind
differences in detailing and cost
D
elta International Machinery Cor­
(except for the Ryobi) were listed at 1 1/2 hp.
poration would rather not tell you
So where are the differences between
how many tablesaws it sells every
these saws? Mostly in tl1e details, not in the
year, but the company will say this much:
overall design or construction. Features
Its contractor's saws outsell its flagship
like blade and belt guards, miter gauges,
Unisaw line by roughly three to one. That
·
shouldn't be a surprise. A lO- in. tablesaw
and rip fences varied slightly from saw to
with a 3-hp motor and an enclosed base,
of these tablesaws really amounted to
like the Unisaw, easily costs more than
adding up a long list of small tl1ings.
$ 1,500. Contractor's saws, though lighter
saw. Coming up Witl1 an overall assessment
carefull
sentially the same job for half the cost or
Assembly instructions:
Read them
y
less, and companies like Delta sell them by
The saws may look a lot alike, but as asso­
and less powerful, are designed to do es­
the truckload.
ciate editor William Duckworth discovered
Fine Woodworking editors recently com­
when he assembled the saws, differences
pared contractor's tablesaws from Bridge­
became apparent as soon as the shipping
wood, Delta, Grizzly, Jet and Powermatic.
cartons were opened (see the photo at
We also looked at the Ryobi BT3000 saw,
right). Assembly instructions ranged from
something of a hybrid design. The Delta
very good to annoyingly obtuse. Some
and Ryobi models are made in tl1e United
manuals were well-illustrated; others used
States, the others in Taiwan. When we ap­
photos and drawings that did not match
proached manufacturers to participate in
the text, making it difficult to understand
this review, the criteria were simple: We
wanted a saw with at least a 1 1/2-hp motor
exactly what the manufacturers had in
that would take a 10-in. blade and that cost
structions didn't correspond to the diagram
less than $ 1,000. When manufacturers of­
stamped right on the motor.
mind. In one instance, printed wiring in­
new saw.
Meet your
Associate
editor William Duckworth assembles
one of six new contractor's saws in
the Fine Woodworking shop, the first
step in comparing tablesaws by
Bridgewood, Delta, Grizzly, Jet,
Powermatic and Ryobi.
fered more than one model in this catego­
Most manufacturers appeared careful to
ry, we left it to them to choose which one
pack all the parts and hardware needed for
nied by all the required nuts and bolts, we
to send. Once the saws arrived, they were
assembly. A few did not. Judging from the
felt the manufacturer had made an effort to
get the buyer off on tl1e right foot.
unpacked and assembled in our shop,
saw we received from Powermatic, for in­
checked thoroughly, and then put to work.
stance, you might have to make a trip to
Once you've purchased a saw, we would
Details about each saw appear in tl1e sum­
mary boxes on the following pages.
the hardware store for bolts and screws tl1e
suggest going through the packing and as­
It's fair to say that the tablesaws look
These issues may not bear directly on
evetything that may be missing. That may
very much alike; some of them are nearly
how well a tablesaw nms once it's been set
up, but they are the buyer's first introduc­
seem like a pain in the neck, but our expe­
identical. All of the saws rest on stands
made of sheet steel of about the same
tion to a new tablesaw. When we encoun­
need anything special to assemble the
saws: a set of wrenches (metric sizes may
company neglected to include.
sembly lists carefully and writing down
rience suggests it's wOtthwhile. You won't
gauge. Tables are of about the same size.
tered saws that had been poorly packed or
With the exception of the Ryobi , motors
are mounted on a pivoting frame at the
were accompanied by foggy instruction
be required for some of them), screw­
manuals, we wondered how far this inat­
drivers and a combination square. A ratch­
back of the saw cabinet and deliver power
to the saw arbor by a single belt. Motors
tention to detail extended. When a new
et will speed things considerably. The Jet
tool was carefully packed and accompa-
manual advises getting assistance for some
54
Fine Woodworking
steps in the assembly, which is good advice
a set of feeler gauges, the tables of these
many models available. But in practice, it
that would apply to all these saws.
saws showed varying degrees of flatness.
isn't much of a factor in performance.
The most variation we found over 24 in.
guar
Table extension wings:
s
ped or cast
was .040 in. on the Ryobi and the least was
Blade
.010 on the Grizzly. But all of the tables
Company lawyers may feel better if table­
Table sizes are about the same (the Ryobi
seemed flat enough for general wood­
saws come equipped with combination
excepted), but extension wings come in
working. Although the finish on some cast
blade guards and splitters, but we didn't.
two varieties: stamped sheet steel or a so11
of cast-iron grid. Stamped steel extensions
tables was better than on others, this ap­
Though the intent is admirable, guards can
pears to be more of a cosmetic considera­
be a weak point in an otherwise good de­
are sturdy enough, but they aren't nearly as
tion than a functional one.
tam
stiff as the cast versions. One editor won­
ds and miter gauges
sign. Most are flimsy affairs, and some (like
At least one of the manufacturers, Jet, of­
those on the Delta and Powermatic) get in
the way during a blade change; they don't
dered whether small offcuts could get
fers cast extension wings as an option. If
jammed in the cast grid. That didn't happen
you have a definite preference for either a
swing up and out of the way. The guards
with the limited use we gave these saws.
stamped or cast extension, the differences
generally obscure a good view of the work.
may help you choose from one of the
The splitter/guards (except for Ryobi's)
When measured with a straightedge and
PhOlOS: Scon Gibson
March/Apri1 1997
55
Bridgewood
#TSC-IOC _____________________
Average price
$490 (without f1eyeancer)
Ve
g
a
U2
6
Delta IUnifence, Excalibur, VeBiegsae(meyerutil ty, (prhomeofes si1ho'12op,nalhp,commer
comme14.2 amprcciaials)l),
23/'6 iinn2..6@45°@'/, i00n.
i
n
.
.0.00175 iinn..
YesdB
Magnetic
Warranty
Fence tested
Other compatible fences
Motor hp
/
amps
Maximum depth of cut
3
Maximum rip with fence provided
34%
Table height
Runout at arbor flange
Runout a t miter gauge t o sawblade
Dust-collection panel
Decibel level at ear height
•
84
Switch
The owner's manual included drawings and photos of a saw
that did not match the one we received. There were some
problems getting the saw up and running. This saw comes with
a 14. 2-amp Marathon, fan-cooled, thermally protected motor
that we had to wire to the magnetic switch. The motor is
packaged well in a box, along with a printed wiring diagram
different from the one on the motor's label. We followed the
label on the motor first, and the blade ran backward. The
printed diagram makes no mention of what to do with the white
wire on the cord, but we took a guess and rewired it; the motor
ran correctly. It also ran quietly, 84 dB, and smoothly.
The rough casting on the table insert had to be ground down
before the insert would fit into the throat opening. The runout
of the arbor flange was very good (.0005 in.), but the runout
from the miter-gauge slot to the blade was .017 in. Raising and
lowering the blade and changing angle settings were smooth,
easy operations.
The Vega fence comes with installation instructions that are
confusing and hard to follow. We had to buy new hardware to
install it. Setting the fence square to the blade took some time.
The fence has one annoying tendency: It lifts up at the far end as
the lever is tightened at the front rail. Otherwise, this is a really
nice fence. It sits dead square to the table.
Precision adjustments-By using the unique micro-adjustfea­
ture on the Vega fence that comes with the Bridgewood saw, it
was easy to move thefence precisely in very small increments.
are attached at two points, behind and in­
though safety equipment like tablesaw
when crosscutting wide stock. The gauges
side the saw cabinet. They can be adjusted
guards are important in preventing poten­
were similar. There were differences, how­
(with difficulty in some cases) so they are
tially crippling injuries, awkward or cum­
ever, in how well they were machined and
in line with the blade, but plan to do some
bersome guards are quickly ushered into a
how they fit in the slots, giving clues to
tinkering. All but one of the saws, the Pow­
corner of the shop where they gather dust.
overall attention to detail and quality of
ermatic, had a see-through plastic guard
Blade guards that are better designed
construction. Delta and Jet miter gauges,
with attached anti-kickback pawls. The
would encourage wider use.
for instance, were carefully machined and
Powermatic
slotted metal
Miter gauges all came with a small wash­
fit snugly. Miter gauges for the Powermatic
guards that retract out of the way as work is
er on one end of the bar that locks the
and Grizzly saws showed more side-to­
pushed through the saw (the wings on each
gauge into a T-shaped groove in the table.
side slop, although tlllS could easily be cor­
side of the blade move independently). Al-
This helps to keep the gauge in place
rected with a center punch and hammer.
56
design
uses
Fine Woodworking
Delta #36-440 _______________________
Average price
Warranty
Fence tested
I
Other compatible fences
Motor hp
amps
Maximum depth of cut
5
$83
2
ye
a
r
s
De
l
t
a
Pr
e
c
i
s
i
o
n
Sa
w
Gui
d
e
Biesemeyer (home sJheop,t-Locommer
c1'12 hpk/1, Uni2.8fampceinacl)es,
3'2'1/.. iinn.. @@45°0°
2934'12 iinn..
..000301 iinn..
No80 dB
Toggle
Maximum rip with fence provided
Table height
Runout a t arbor flange
Runout a t miter gauge to sawblade
Dust-collection panel
Decibel level at ear height
Switch
•
With the exception of the splitter and blade guard, assembling
the Delta machine was easier thall it was for many of the others.
Parts list for the saw and fence is complete, and the instruction
manual is full of good quality photos that illustrate the text. (One
exception here are the photos showing the standard Jet-Lock rip
fence, not the Precision Saw Guide that came with the machine.)
The mechanisms to raise and lower the blade and to change the
angle setting worked smoothly. Adjusting the 4 5 ° and 0° blade
stops are a cinch with the Allen screws on the top of the table.
You get two wrenches to install a blade on the arbor, which
minimi
ze the risk of cut fingers. But changing a blade was very
difficult because the blade guard does not fold out of the way.
Threads on the arbor nut were enough out of whack that the nut
did not sit flat to the flange that clenches the blade.
The large switch mounted at the front of the saw is a big plus­
easily accessible and safer because of its size and location. At
80 dB, this was the quietest saw of the lot. The 1 1/2-hp motor rated
at 12.8 amps cut 2-in. oak more easily than some of us expected.
The Precision Saw Guide fence was easy to install. It can be
used on either side of the blade by moving the extruded
aluminum fence from one side of the fence body to another.
Also, by moving the aluminum fence back on the body, it works
well as a stop block for crosscut pieces.
full
Check factory settings care
y
Versatilefence design-Thefence can be shifted toward the
front of the table and used to index repetitive crosscuts ofsmall
pieces, a welcomefeature.
the face of the fence was square to the
at the arbor flange get translated into much
Just how well a tablesaw performs de­
table; and whether the bevel angle stops of
bigger problems at the rim of the blade.
pends in part on how accurately the ma­
0° and 45° (sawblade to table) had been
More important, runout is built into the ma­
chine has been set up-either at the factory
set accurately at the factory. With one im­
chine. It can't be fixed in your own shop.
or by the owner.
portant exception, adjustments for these
We checked a number of settings after
settings should be easy to make.
Adjusting the 0° and 45° stops for the
blade is baSically the same among the ma­
the saws had been assembled, including
We measured runout on the arbor
chines. A bolt with a locknut threaded into
whether there was wobble (or runout) in
flanges with a dial caliper fixed to the table.
the saw's trunnion stops travel at the right
the arbor flange where the blade is tight­
There was little runout on any of them,
spot. The arrangement works. However,
ened; whether the miter-gauge slots and
meaning that blades should run true. This
access to make adjustments isn't easy. The
fence were parallel to the blade; whether
is irnpol1ant because even small problems
only notable difference is the Delta tableMarch/April 1997
57
Grizzry #GI022Z ____________________________________________
Average price
Warranty
Fence tested
I
Other compatible fences
Motor hp
amps
35,t,6
25,t,6
Maximum depth of cut
Maximum rip with fence provided
Table height
Runout a t arbor flange
Runout a t miter gauge t o sawblade
Dust-collection panel
Decibel level at ear height
Switch
•
$421 yea5r
GrShopizFolyx
1% hp /1in6. @amp00s
in. @45°25 in.
36%.0005 iinn..
.003Noin.
9
0
dB
Push button
The people at Grizzly get high marks for putting together an
instruction manual that is clearly written, easy to follow and
illustrated with good photos that show you what you need to
see. The motor had to be wired to the switch with simple
connections that are clearly spelled out.
The machine ran loudly,
90
dB, and vibrated heavily, which
may have been caused in part by a faulty belt. When one of the
editors switched belts from another machine, it seemed to run
with less vibration.
Some of the edges on the cast tabletop were very sharp. The
blade setting from the factory was dead square. The runout
at the arbor flange was very good. The 3%-in. opening for
the table insert, like the Delta's, is a bit w ider than those on the
other saws, making it a little easier to change the blade. The
mechanism to raise and lower the blade was stiff, but changing
the angle setting was fairly easy.
None of us like the fence deSign, based on Delta's old Jet-Lock
fence. It will cut on both sides of the blade, but it doesn't sit
square to the table. And it easily goes out of square to the blade.
The table on the Grizzly was the flattest of all the saws.
This saw had no trouble cutting I-in. poplar, but we blew a
circuit breaker twice while cutting the 2-in. red oak.
Specify a more up-to-datefence. The Grizzly saw comes with
an old-stylefence apparently modeled on Delta 'sJet-Lock de­
sign. It's not nearly as versatile as other options.
saw. Allen-head screws set in the tabletop
pushed against it. The fences that came
them, but they could be brought into ad­
provide fast, painless adjustments.
with these saws were generally able to do
justment with some tinkering. That should
all of these things. Most of these rip fences
be a one-time
fix.
All of them moved easily
Rip fences are vital to tablesaw
performance
represent big improvements over what
along the table, snugged down nicely and
used to be available, and most of the man­
didn't deflect too much under a load.
Using a tablesaw with a poorly designed
ufacturers offer quite a choice in fences
The most innovative fence in the lot
fence is something like driving a car with a
and rail lengths. For this survey, we evalu­
seemed to be on the Delta saw, and the
flat tire: It can be done, but you'll sure wish
ated the fences that were provided with the
most dated design on the Grizzly. Fences
you didn't have to. A good fence is easy to
saws, but more than likely, you'll have a
on the other saws were somewhere in be­
move from side to side, comes up parallel
to the blade each time it's reset, and de­
choice when you buy one.
tween. The Vega Utility fence that came on
Some of the fences were not square to
the Bridgewood saw had an annoying ten­
flects very little when a piece of lumber is
the table when we finished assembling
dency to rear up when the lock handle
58
Fine Woodworking
Jet #JWTS-IOJF_____________________
Average price
Warranty
Fence tested
I
Other compatible fences
Motor hp
amps
00
Maximum depth of cut
Maximum rip with fence provided
Table height
Runout at arbor flange
Runout a t miter gauge to sawblade
Dust-collection panel
Decibel level at ear height
Switch
•
$529 (without2fyeaencres)
Xacta HomesJetfehnopce
1'12 3h'1p4/1in8. @amps
2% in. @5245°in.
34.001% iinn..
.001Yeins.
84
dB
Push but on
Like Delta and Ryobi, Jet offers a two-year warranty on this
equipment. The machine comes packed with a runout inspection
record from the factory. Our own measurements confirmed a
well-tuned machine-only . 00 1 in. nmout for both the arbor
flange and the miter gauge to the blade. The blade setting from
the factory was also dead square to the table.
Raising and lowering the blade and changing the angle setting
on this saw was perhaps the smoothest of the bunch. Changing
the blade is a pain because the cast tabs that support the throat
plate are close to the arbor and protrude into the space where
your hand needs to be to get at the arbor nut. The arbor nut was
thicker than any of the others and well-machined.
The motor, rated at 1 8 amps, cut 2-in. oak as well as or better
than all of these saws. This saw ran smoothly and relatively
quietly, 84 dB, compared to the others in this review. A large
switch, mounted up near the front rail, is easy to get at and safer
in an emergency (see the photo above). Some of us would
prefer the cast-iron table wings to the stamped sheet steel ones
that come with this model. Jet offers them in one of five
variations of this saw. The Xacta Homeshop fence-what looks
like a knockoff of a Biesemeyer-is easy to install and can be
used on either side of the blade.
Slipperyfence reducesfriction. The polyethylenefaces on the
Xacta fence may be replaced when worn.
was pushed down, but the fence also has a
Performance: Well, it can be slow
to cut thicker stock regularly. There just
clever micro-adjust feature. Powermatic
To get an idea of how these saws per­
isn't enough power in any of them for this
and Jet fences are virtually identical (Biese­
formed, we jointed and planed 2-in.-thick
kind of service.
meyer and Biesemeyer clone respective­
red oak and I -in. poplar and then ran both
All the motors except the Ryobi are rated
ly). They are solid fences that lock on only
through each saw. We used the same blade
at 1 1/2 hp. We ran all the saws at 1 1 5v, al­
one rail and pop right off the saw when
on each saw, a brand new Ridge combina­
though some of them could be rewired to
you don't need them. They are, however,
tion blade. None of the saws had any trou­
230v. According to the manufacturers, mo­
more difficult to adjust in very small incre­
ble with the poplar, as you'd expect. And
ments than some of the others. The Jet
all of them cut the oak-as long as the feed
tors draw varying amounts of current, from
a low of 12.8 amps for the Delta to a high of
fence has slippery plastic faces on each
rate was slow. Our conclusion was that any
18 amps for both the Powermatic and the
side, which reduce friction. See the sum­
of these saws will handle 8/4 material, but
Jet. Without inu'oducing some subjectivity,
mary boxes for more details.
none would be the right choice if you plan
it's impossible to say which cut the best,
March/April 1997
59
Powermatic #64 Artisan ______________________
Average price
Warranty
Fence tested
I
Other compatible fences
Motor hp
amps
Maximum depth of cut
Maximum rip with fence provided
Table height
Runout a t arbor flange
Runout a t miter gauge to sawblade
Dust-collection panel
Decibel level at ear height
Switch
•
$71 yea49r
BiesemeyerAccu-fHomeence, ShopVega
1 '12 3hpj'1. in18. @amp00s
2'/. in. @45°29 in.
34%.0005 iinn..
.005Yesin.
8ToggldBe
This is not a left-tilting sawblade like the well-known
Powermatic #66 machine, and it is a far cry from the level of
quality we've come to expect in Powermatic's more industrial­
level equipment. Problems became evident during assembly.
Drawings in the instruction manual showed insufficient detail or
simply didn't match the actual parts of the machine we received.
Allen screws that secure the motor mount to the trunnion
assembly were missing. The Biesemeyer fence did not come with
any instructions, the hardware for mounting the front rail was
the wrong size, and the holes drilled in the back rail did not line
up with those drilled in the tabletop.
The mechanism to change the angle was fairly smooth, but the
action to raise and lower the blade was very stiff. Also, roll pins
that are designed to keep a lowered blade from going too far
were missing from the trunnion assembly-a condition that
would allow a moving blade on this saw to strike the cast-iron
trunnion
if
it were retracted all the way. The heavy-duty, all­
metal blade guard does not fold out of the way, making it very
difficult to change the blade. This saw vibrated heavily when
we turned it on. The noise level rating, 88 dB, was in the mid­
range of all the machines we tested. Powermatic offers a choice
of three fences-all for the same price.
but motors with the higher amp ratings
didn't necessarily make cutting easier.
Ryobi is the only saw in the lot with a
Blade guard is in the way. The Powermatic blade guard de­
sign, like those on some of the other saws, makes blade changes
frustrating: The guard simply won 't move out of the way.
Some saws were quieter than others, and
saws wasn't unanimous. Some of the dif­
some seemed to vibrate less while they
ferences between the saws were very
were running. Delta's saw was the quietest
small, and personal preference would cer­
tainly play a part in choosing one brand
universal motor, the same type of motor
of the bunch; the Ryobi made more noise
you'll find on your router. The other table­
than any of them. Although there's no pre­
over another. It's also worth mentioning
saws come with induction motors, a much
cise way of measuring vibration, the Delta,
that we looked at a single saw from each
more typical choice for a tool like a table­
Bridgewood and Jet tablesaws seemed to
manufacturer, and we had the saws in the
saw. Although Ryobi's motor is rated at
be the smoothest.
shop for a matter of weeks, not months, so
15 amps, higher than some of the induction
our impressions are based on limited ex­
motors, we thought that it struggled more
Price is a factor
than the other saws. Ryobi does not list a
As you might expect, opinion among the
First, the Ryobi. We found the design in­
horsepower rating on the motor.
Fine Woodworking editors who used these
novative and flexible. The sliding table is a
60
Fine Woodworking
posure. Still, we agreed on a few points.
Ryobi #BT3000 ____________________________________________
Average price
Warranty
Fence tested
I
Other compatible fences
Motor hp
amps
Maximum depth of cut
Maximum rip with fence provided
Table height
Runout a t arbor flange
Runout a t miter gauge t o sawblade
Dust-collection panel
Decibel level at ear height
Switch
•
$42 yea9rs8
RyobiNone
Not rate3%d /i1n5. @amp0°s
2% in.2@9%45°in.
37.001% iinn..
.020Yesin.
dB
3
9
Push but on
This sturdy little saw has everyJ:hing but power. The universal
motor, rated at 1 5 amps, drives the blade at 4,800 rpm-not the
usual 3,450-which could account for the loud whine. Our
sound meter read this one at 93 dB.
This saw is like a better mouse trap: A great deal of thought
went into its design. Standard features include a sliding miter
table with an adjustable fence and a built-in angle scale, an
accessory table for mounting a router, a small but rugged rip
fence, a built-in electrical plug for a router and the best splitter
and blade guard of all the saws we looked at. You can also get all
kinds of accessories: a dust bag, a quick-fold table for outfeed
support, a table extension to increase the usable work surface, a
miter clamp and an air flotation/vacuum clamp system for
working with large panels.
A
full
3% in. of the blade is available for the depth of cut at 0 ° .
You can move the sliding table o r the accessory table from one
side of the blade to the other, but you'll have to tweak the
27/8
alignment to the blade every time you do. Rubber pads and
levelers hold this saw firmly on the floor.
The throat plate opening is only
in. wide, and the plate is
screwed into the table with three screws, so changing the
sawblade is difficult.
Ryobi's design is different. A sliding table and router-table
insert make this saw versatile, although its many adjustments
will needJrequent checkingJar accuracy.
strong point, and the saw looks like it
The Grizzly has the lowest price. Its stan­
tl1e saws yourself. And more than one edi­
would be an excellent job-site or light-duty
dard fence is not a strong point, though.
tor pointed out that the same money you'd
hobbyist tool. But there are lots of adjust­
The saw was both noisy and somewhat
spend on one of the more expensive saws
ments to get out of whack, and the rela­
prone to vibration, something that proba­
bly would be improved with a better belt.
a bigger motor and heavier cabinet. That
tively small motor is a concern.
in this group might pay for a used saw with
0
The Powermatic and Delta tablesaws are
Both the Jet and Bridgewood saws ran
may not be an attractive option for every­
the most expensive of the group. For that
money, we think Powermatic needs to pay
quietly and smoothly. The Jet is somewhat
one (no factory warranty, for instance), but
more expensive than the Bridgewood, but
it may be an idea worth considering.
more attention to details. The Delta seems
we liked its fence better. Jet also offers a
like a well-made machine; it ran quietly
and smoothly. Its fence was the most ver­
two-year guarantee. We thought it was the
satile one that we surveyed.
best value in the group.
Of course, there's no substitute for trying
This article was researched by the editors
o Fine Woodworking and written by
William Duckworth and Scott Gibson.
j
March/April 1997
61
Housed Sliding Dovetails
A strong) hiddenjoint
that's idealfor large cabinets
by Tony Konovaloff
Key size is crucial
diDovesidf eicfutoaltriltaokesfysirto. Manlogn,kgseerimtwtplhoaenperjo2inicnta..saere
cSiadse,of%uppin. tehrick
';8
�8i n.
Tl owercp of a�se�- 111( I11 ...J.
(- �8 in.
1"j
lI
2 iin. f1 III
I
2 iIn. i
Cut the
dovetails
in.
narrower
than the
case sides.
__
Leave the
bottom of the
slots in. thick.
Dovetail key
Cut the
escapements
and slots
the same
length as the
dovetail keys.
1
Escapement
Doveand stladilekfeoysrwfaitrdintinotoesdocavpeementail stlosts.
M
I
y shop is quite small. There is just
make a lot of knockdown joints to keep
the sides of the upper case and dovetail
enough room for a bench, a tool
big pieces of furniture manageable.
slots with escapements on the top of the
box and a place to stand and
There are endless ways to connect large
lower case. The keys fit down into the es­
work. I like it that way. My tools are always
case pieces, but most knockdown designs
capements and then slide forward into the
within easy reach and are hard to misplace.
I've seen are lacking in one way or anoth­
slots, locking the cases together and elimi­
And the shop doesn't require much heat in
er. Some are weak; others require clunky
nating the need for hardware. And nothing
the winter. But there's one problem: Large
or expensive hardware. Sliding dovetails
shows in the front or back when the cases
cabinets don't leave much room to work.
are an option, but they show at the back of
are assembled.
Even desks take up all the available floor
the case, and they tend to bind.
The joint holds upper and lower cases
space. And to work on large china cabi­
To solve some of these problems, I de­
tightly together but knocks down smootl1-
nets, I have to take down the ceiling lights.
vised a strong connection using housed
Iy and easily without binding. It doesn't
Having a small shop doesn't keep me
sliding dovetails (see the drawing above). I
require special tools to make or velY much
from making large cabinets. However, I do
cut small dovetail keys on the bottom of
time. But to make sure that you understand
62
Fine Woodworking
Drawings:
Michael Gellatly
swicLHouaeaslcreskguseeroedfpcstllyupperhaidesinelagsrgdoveandjeostincltoaeawerbidlisnets
l
,�.
snugly together.
3 in. min.
mi1 in.
Dovetail key
Matlehasnktelo1upper'hwerin.cnaracsaesreotweapt sro
afrtoalmetadoshtve%eedge.tanil. alwoasyare
sDovelot, 2tainl .
Topylo.werin.oftchtaihcsek ,
� Dovetai l key
Space the slots and escapements far enough apart
to leave room for an inch or more of solid wood.
Dovetail slot
After cuNing a dovetail thefull width
of the upper case side, cope out the dove­
tail keys (left), and then clean up the
shoulder with a chisel (right). Pare
carefully: The line of thefinishedjoint
depends on theflatness of the shoulder.
what's going on with the joinery, it's a
ders; otherwise, the upper case will not sit
good idea to work up a practice piece.
evenly on the lower case, and the joint will
Cut the dovetails
tIrs
not function properly.
t
cut the dovetails on the bottoms of the case
Lay out the dovetail slots
and escapements
sides. There are many ways to do this. I use
a dovetail plane, but a router and jig would
assembled, I can lay out the escapements
work as well.
and dovetail slots on the top of the lower
Before gluing up the top half of the case, I
Once the upper case has been glued and
Next I cut out sections of the dovetails to
leave two keys, each about 2 in. long (see
the photos above). The proportions of the
keys depend on the thickness of the stock
'/8 '/8
you use. Generally, I cut them
rower than the case sides and
in. nar­
in. shorter
case. I start by placing the upper case onto
Mark the dovetail slotsfirst. The loca­
tionsfor dovetail slots in the top of the
lower cabinet are marked directlyfrom
the dovetailed keys.
the lower case and marking the front, back
and sides of each slot and escapement. To
determine the width of the top of the dove­
tail slots, I transfer the measurement from
the dovetails themselves with vernier
than the thickness of the top of the bottom
calipers (see the top photos on the facing
case (see the drawing detail on p. 62).
page). It is important that the upper case be
Their placement is important. They must
assembled: It's the only way to be ab­
be far enough apart so they don't interfere
solutely sure the slots will be in the right
with each other. If the dovetails are 2 in.
place. However, this isn't necessaIY when
long, the escapements and slots must each
making a practice piece.
be 2 in. long. To maintain strength, each
an inch apart. This means that 2-in. dove­
Cut the escapements
before the dovetail slots
tails must be spaced at least 3 in. apart, and
I remove the bulk of the waste from the es­
slot and escapement pair should be at least
the front of the rear dovetail must be 3 in.
capements with a brace and bit and pare to
from the back of the upper case.
the lines with a chisel. I cut them just slight­
After I cut the keys to length, I complete
ly deeper than the dovetails are tall. You
the upper case. It's important to remember
don't need to leave as much stock in the
that the shoulders of the dovetail keys rest
on the top of the lower case. Only the keys
should extend below the line of the shoul-
64
Fine Woodworking
Layout the escapements using the
dovetail slots as a gUide. When you cut
the joints, remember that the escape­
ments are at the back of the cabinet.
bottom of the escapements as you would
for a sliding dovetail, just enough to keep
them solid. I leave about
'/8
in. of material
PhOlos: Vincent Laurence
Don 't measure, transfer. The tops of
the dovetails and slots should be the
same width. Find the width with a
vernier caliper (left), and then mark it
in the middle of the slot (above).
I
at the bottom of each. test-fit the dovetails
in the escapements before I cut the dove­
Carefully pare the slot walls (right).
Cut a little at a time, and test thefitfre­
quently. Pay attention to the angle. It's
easy to wanderfrom it.
tail slots. The dovetails should just slip into
the escapements with no extra room front
or back. The shoulders of the dovetails, not
the bottoms of the escapements, hold the
weight of the upper case.
Just pull back, and lift out (below).
The housed sliding dovetail requires no
contortions to take apart, even though it
is very solid when assembled.
Fit the slots to the dovetails
I cut the slots slightly undersized and then
pare them to fit the dovetails bit by bit. I
work slowly, keeping an eye on the angle
and the marked lines. The hard part is tl1at
you can't really see what you are trying to
fit. Don't try to get it all at once (see the
center right photo).
Fitting the first 1/4 in. or so of each dovetail
makes a good reference for cutting the rest
of the slots. The finished joint should feel
snug, neither binding nor loose. Putting it
together and taking it apart shouldn't take a
mallet or Herculean strength.
After you've finished the joint, apply a
good coat of paste wax to all parts of the
dovetails and slots. The wax helps the joint
0
work smoothly. You now have a hidden,
stable and graceful knockdown connec­
tion for a two-piece cabinet.
Tony Konovaloff is a professional furni­
turemaker in Oak Harbor, Wash., and a
yacht carpenter in a local boatyard.
March/April 1997
65
My Kitchen Table
A knockdown designfor a man on the move
by Tim Gilchrist
I
built my first kitchen table a number of
deeds of careless roommates and then be
years ago when I was still in college.
taken apart and moved with ease.
My intent was to create a stylish yet in­
destructible platform capable of withstand­
Let your l
ber supplier
do some of the work
�
Now that I have a real job, a house and
I work in a really small basement space.
The donlinant feature of the workspace is a
ing all potential abuse. I also wanted a
drink beer out of bottles, I decided to build
a new table. I wanted sometlling more styl­
piece of furniture that I could take apart
ish but with the same stalwan presence and
room for a lot of equipment. I do all my
large cast-iron oil burner, so I don't have
and move at the end of the school year.
convenient mobility of my trusty red oak
work on a Shopsmith combination table­
That solid red oak structure bears its battle
table. I spent some time in furniture stores
saw, bandsaw, lathe and drill press. Be­
scars well. The table could support seven
looking at tables for design inspiration be­
cause I don't own a jointer or a planer, I
full kegs of beer at once, withstand the
fore I found a style I was happy with.
buy most of my lumber already surfaced. It
66
Fine Woodworking
Photos, William Duckwonh
This table was made to be taken
apart. The author wanted sturdy and
easily transportablefurniture. A solid
maple top and a knockdown design
answered those needs.
bolts on a lot of mass-produced furniture,
but they looked too flimsy for my taste. So
I designed a wooden corner gusset that
would do the same thing. The ends of all
q
four gussets and a four apron pieces were
cut into tenons. The gussets fit into mortis­
es cut into the inside of the apron pieces.
The apron tenons slip into regular blind
mortises cut into the legs (see the drawing
on p. 68).
I cut all my mortises the same way, using
the drill press. First I drilled a series of
holes with a flat-bottomed bit, and then I
cleaned them out by hand with a chisel
(see the photo at right on p. 68).
I cut the tenons for the ends of the apron
pieces with my miter gauge on the table­
saw, making all the necessary adjustments
first on a scrap of the same thickness. I
don't own a dado blade, so I just made a lot
of repetitive cuts with a regular sawblade
and cleaned up the tenons with a chisel.
Tenons for the gussets were a little more
complicated because the corners had to be
cut on an angle. That way, the gussets draw
the apron pieces tightly into the corner
costs a little more, but I don't have any oth­
er choice, short of dressing it all by hand.
For this table, I chose 5/4 maple for the
fore. With this job, I learned that you have
to keep your turning tools extra sharp to
joint witl1 the leg. I made all the cuts for the
cut the pine cleanly.
by marking all the corners with a pencil,
gusset tenons with the bandsaw. I started
lIsing a combination square, and then cut­
top and the apron, dressed to a full 1 in.
thickness. For the turned legs, I got a good
Knockdown joints
ting the tenons to shape with the gussets
deal on some 8/4 Eastern white pine, clear
My job may require me to relocate from
held flat on the saw table (see the photo at
as a winter's day. So I had it dressed to a
one coast to the other, so I wanted to be
able to take this table apart easily for the
on edge and made the angled cuts for the
each leg from three thicknesses for a full
move. I've seen the stamped metal corner
tenons (see the center photo on p. 68).
in. dimension. I'd never turned pine be-
braces held in with wing nuts on hanger
3 /4
finished 1 '/4 in. thickness and laminated
left on p. 68). After that, I turned each piece
In place of the hanger bolt on tl1e stamped
March/April 1997
67
AByaprctoiognshtl aaergunipenspulsgibellhtesedholcnutiogtdhrontnlleyeg-trhoteojo-taheipnrletoagsndej.odAprinrtosd,otnotgehenonsther.
Wooden
re ot glued into legs.
Tt(lharblmieeenpilaetgecdesfr)om
Aprx 3 ion. witenonsde x 3,/%. in.lothngick
Gusonstr aisg45°ehtt tmoreanglnonsteisetarosefciutcuint o
he back of h aprons.
insert
����
10�in. ---��----�-7----��
1'1. in.
Gupiesc est pulowalsrdaplerog.n
1 in.
Tenonsfor the gussets, cut to size
and shape with the bandsaw, pull the
apron pieces tightly to the legs.
68
Fine Woodworking
1 in.
Thxa 7brreianas.d, edisnsrceord,etws%etdiwelnn. tol Moris %tinse. deep.in apron
into the leg.
Angles in the tenons, marked in pencil, are cut
freehand to the rightprofile. The gussets are held
on edge to make the cuts.
Gusset mortises-After boring holes
on the drill press, the author cleans
out the mortises by hand.
Drawing: Michael Pekovich
metal corner braces, I used a length of
3fs-in. threaded rod screwed into a brass
threaded insert driven deep into the corner
of each leg. I used the drill press to make
the pilot hole for the threaded insert. Once
I'd marked and drilled a hole for the
threaded rod in the first gusset, I used that
one as a master. I made a mark for the
holes in the other gussets by placing them
underneath the first one and twisting a
'fum
fIrs
brad-point bit through the existing hole.
ed legs-copy the
t one
The legs were turned from laminated
blanks, 3% in. sq., cut to length at 28 in.
Even in pine, this size was asking a lot of
my little lathe, so I ripped some waste off
the corners with the bandsaw before doing
any turning. I made a jig to cradle the stock
as I trimmed it on the bandsaw. The jig
consists of several plywood scraps cut in a
V-shape in the tops and held together with
two lengths of %-in. dowels.
Because of the length of thes.e cuts, I
clamped a scrap of wood over the band­
saw tabletop to serve as a temporary ex­
tension. That way, the jig could move in
one even and continuous run. To indicate
where to stop the cuts, I marked the tops of
the legs with a pencil.
To give me a good idea of the profile, I
laid out the turned shape in pencil on one
edge of the first leg. Then I scribed pencil
lines for all the reference points that de­
fined the shape-grooves, beads and so
forth. When I was happy with the way the
leg looked once it was turned, it became
A
the master for the others.
solid top built to take abuse
Because of my limited shop space, I had to
use the floor to lay out and mark all the
pieces for the top. I used six boards ripped
to three different widths to arrive at a fin­
Sturdy ktlOCkdown connection-A length of threaded rod is screwed into a thread­
ed insert in the leg to prOVide a postfor the gusset. When a nut is tightened against the
outsideface of the gusset, the table aprons are cinched tightly against the leg.
ished width of 32 in. for the tabletop.
I usually work alone, and I don't own
a biscuit machine. So when I have to join a
the top in place, I marked for threaded in­
lot of boards, I glue up one joint at a time­
serts in the underside. The holes through
week of drying time, I waxed the top for
it's easier to maintain control over the re­
the apron were drilled out larger than the
additional protection.
sults. Even then, with this top, there were
screws that would hold the table in place,
several joints in which one board sat
to make some room for the top to move.
1/32 inishin
in.
or so proud of another. That didn't bother
g up
Formby's tung oil mixture. After about a
I was happy with the results-a rugged
table I can take with me if I'm forced to
make a career move-a table I can use to
me. I planed those areas out by hand and
F
sanded the surface to clean them up a little.
I chose to prime and paint the legs and tlle
A little gouge or a mark from a handplane
apron pieces with a good quality oil-based
house, even prepare and eat food. As my
college buddy from Memphis would say,
can give character to a country-style design
paint because I knew that it would stand
"That dog can hunt."
like this one.
up well to the rigors of daily use. I picked
To join the top to the apron, I drilled and
the hunter green color because it seemed
countersunk pilot holes through the bot­
to go so well with tlle clear maple top. For
tom edges of the apron pieces. After fitting
the top, I used several coats of Homer
pay bills, fix odds and ends around the
0
Tim Gilchrist works as a marketing con­
sultant and builds furniture for fun in
Simsbury, Conn.
March/April 1997
69
Gouges
for the
Lathe
Selecting
and sharpening
spindle, bowl
and roughing-out
gouges
by Ernie Conover
I
adding other alloying ingredients, such as
'll never forget King Heiple, the ortho­
made and what they're used for can help in
pedic surgeon who signed up for one
deciding which types you need to add to
manganese, phosphoms, silicon, vanadium
of my turning classes a few years ago.
your turning arsenal.
and nickel, to their steels to make them
tougher and more abrasion-resistant.
When I called the class to gather 'round as
You'll need some tools and jigs to reshape
I demonstrated a new technique, he was
and sharpen the gouges. Even premium
The heat-treating process is just as im­
the student who was right by my side, care­
tools leave the factory with a grind that's
portant as the basic steel. Soft steel is hard­
fully studying my every move. Then he
only a caricature of the proper shape. That
ened and then tempered. When it arrives
would go over to his lathe and do what I
problem has plagued turners for more than
from the mill, steel is about Rc31 (Rockwell
did, except he did it better.
a century. ]. Lukin wrote of spindle gouges
hardness scale). Most cutting tools need to
ot many of us
are blessed with the ability to master a new
skill so quickly. But I have noticed that any­
one who learns how to handle a gouge
with aplomb will be far along the road to
mastering turning itself.
Gouges can be divided into three cate­
gories: roughing-out, bowl and spindle
(see the photo above). When viewed in
in his book, The Lathe
&
Its Uses, published
in 1868: "When purchased, they require
grinding, the bevel being too short. It is es­
sential that this tool have a long bevel. It
is impossible to do good work with the
standard form of the tool which is, never­
theless, of frequent occurrence in the
workshops of amateurs."
be much harder if they are to hold an edge.
Heat-treating begins with hardening. The
freshly forged tool is brought to cherry red
and then quenched in water or oil. This
leaves the steel at full hardness, about Rc64
for high-carbon tool steels. The steel is
then tempered in a process called drawing.
High-speed-steel tools-In 1868, steel­
cross section, all are U-shaped, but their
The best gouges are made
of high-speed steel
makers came up with high-speed steel
the bunch. They're used to make square
Gouges were first manufactured by forging
amounts of molybdenum) into their steels.
stock round (see the top photo on the
and many are still made that way. High car­
Because HSS does not forge well, these
facing page). Spindle gouges have the shal­
bon steel is heated and hammered to the
gouges are usually machined from round
lowest flutes. They're used for finely shap­
correct shape while hot. Premium gouges,
bar stock.
ing the details on legs or posts (see the top
made of high-speed steel, are machined in­
photo on p. 72). Bowl gouges have the
to the proper shapes.
similarities end there.
Roughing-out gouges are the biggest of
(HSS) by alloying tungsten (and later large
High-speed steel does hold an edge
longer than high-carbon steel, but its real
virtue is that the turner no longer has to
deepest flutes and are employed when
shaping vessels in faceplate turning (see
the top photo on p. 73).
High carbon-steel tools-Only carbon is
worry about overheating the tool during
needed to make a good tool steel. But since
grinding. Temperatures above 430°F begin
Knowing a little about how gouges are
the late 19th century, steelmakers have been
to draw the temper of high-carbon tools,
70
Fine Woodworking
Photos: Anatole Burkin
ROUGHING-OUT GOUGE
A roughing-out gouge can remove large amounts of material
%
quicldy. It's used for rounding billets and cutting cylinders and
tapers. One roughing-out gouge will serve most needs; I
recommend getting one that's between
in. and 1 % in. wide.
30°
Most high-speed-steel (HSS) roughing-out gouges come from the
factory with square faces and medium bevels, about 45 0 .
The tool works much better with a longer bevel of about
(see the drawing below).
To begin grinding, set up your jig. The Oneway pocket jig,
which I favor, has a V-shaped pocket welded to a square bar
that slides into a mating piece attached below the grinder. The
distance from the pocket to the wheel determines the bevel
angle. As the pocket moves toward the grinder, the bevel
length increases and the angle decreases.
Set the roughing-out gouge's handle in the pocket, lower the
cutting edge against the grindstone and roll the tool between
your fmgers for an even bevel (see the photo below). If you
plan to use the roughing-out gouge to cut large coves, ease the
edges of the corner bevels against the grindstone so that you
won't catch the sharp edges against the workpiece.
Preparing spindle stock-A roughing-out gouge makes quick
work of rounding a square billet.
Grinding a
roughing-out
gouge-The heel
of a roughing-out
gouge's handle
rides in a Oneway
pocketjig 's rest set
for a 30° bevel.
The author spins
the tool between
hisfingers and
applies even pres­
sure against the
grindstone.
Reground bevel
Awibe3tl 0eyi°rebrleedvseulIts.
but HSS tools can be turned red hot, up to
of contact with the tool rest can be kept di­
about 1,800° , without loss of temper. That
rectly under the edge doing the cutting.
dl.ICed. The bevels on these gouges can be
means you can use grinding wheels with­
ground between 35° and 45° and will per­
out a water bath. The cost of an HSS tool
Flatter tools have an oval-shaped bottom,
and the contact point can be off to one side
can be two to three times that of carbon
or the other, a less stable condition.
ever, these gouges do neither job as well as
steel, but it's well worth it.
on bowl gouges have recently been intro­
form both faceplate or spindle work. How­
a dedicated gouge. Combination gouges
Combination gouges-Long, HSS gouges
cannot be ground to the really long bevel
Round is better Most turners prefer a
whose flutes are deeper than those on
necessary for spindle work. Grinding a 30°
gouge made of round bar stock: The point
spindle gouges but shallower than those
side bevel creates a ragged burr on both
-
Drawings:Jim Richey
March/April 1997
71
SPINDLE GOUGE
The best spindle gouges are made of high-speed-steel (HSS)
round bar stock. They come from the factory with a very
short bevel and a rather squarish proftle at the tip, which
° 30°.
makes it hard to get the point into tight quarters. I prefer to
grind the sides into a fmgernail proftle with a rather long bevel.
For spindle tu
rnin
g, the tool needs a long bevel of 25 to
I
also like a highly tapered proftle, what I call a high-society
fingernail shape, because the narrow point gets into tight
places (see the drawing below). I know a good many turners,
however, who do just fme with a rather blunt or workingman's
fmgernail. You may want to experiment to see what proftle
works best for the kind of work you do.
If you're just starting out, I recommend you buy two spindle
gouges:
lJ4 1f2
in. and
in. dia. For furnituremaking purposes,
these will usually suffice.
30°
Cuuing coves and beads-Much of what's neededforfurniture­
making can be performed with a spindle gouge.
Spindle gouges are sharpened using a pocket jig and a
gooseneck clamp. Adjust the jig for a
bevel angle, and
Jigs simplify
the task of
sharpening.
Using a Oneway
pocketjig and a
gooseneck clamp­
ingfixture to hold
the tool, the
authm· swings
a spindle gouge
from side to side
across the grind­
ing wheel. Bevel
angles are con­
trolled by adjust­
ing both the
pocketjig's dis­
tancefrom the
grinder and
the angle on the
gooseneck clamp.
swing the gouge from side to side across the grinding wheel. A
jig allows you to get a consistent grind that would be difficult
to do freehand without a lot of practice.
From factory
Reground bevel
Grablooutinngd t3fh0ine°ger,beanvdeailgrtl otihnadt
rtbhaekveelfsinbager. Thcknetaihslehiasspiadeof
maetf ereofnceper. sonal
pr
Side view Bottom view
sides of the fingernail where the metal has
tools are still around. Their cross section is
are round or oval-shaped, YOLl need to ro­
been ground too thin. If ground to a bowl­
very flat-so flat that they don't do a good
tate or swing them to shape the bevel cor­
gouge contour, combination gouges lack
job of rolling beads or cutting deep coves.
rectly. Doing this freehand takes more skill
sufficient flute depth to do a really good
It's best to avoid them.
tl1an turning itself. I can recommend two
job. I find that they're best used for final
cleanup on faceplate work.
50
rpen1n
Tools for sha
g
brands of jigs: Oneway and Glaser. Both
will help guide the tool around the grind­
Although I learned how to sharpen gouges
stone with a greater sense of control than is
years ago,
by eye using a simple tool rest mounted on
possible with only a simple tool rest.
some large retailers began offering inex­
a bench grinder, I now prefer jigs for more
pensive lines of turning tools for hobbyists.
accurate and consistent results.
Economy gouges About
-
Not all grinding wheels are alike-I
These gouges have shorter and thinner
Good jigs hold the tool at the proper an­
use an ordinary bench grinder with alu­
blanks of steel and shorter handles. Such
gle when sharpening. Because lathe tools
minum oxide wheels for most of my grind-
72
Fine Woodworking
BOWL GOUGE
Traditional bowl gouges were forged with a deep U-shaped
bevel, which was ground all the way around to 45
o. The cutting
edge (what is called the face) of this tool is square to the shank.
Modern bowl gouges, machined from high-speed-steel (HSS)
round bar stock, generally have parabolic-shaped flutes. Factory
grindings of this tool vary greatly among manufacturers, but
many come with a 4 5 0 bevel ground all the way around. Most
turners find the tool's performance can be improved by
modifying tllls shape (see the photos below right). I recommend
doing this to the two prinlary bowl gouges you'll want to have
in your tool kit:
1fz
in. and % in. sizes.
Modified grind: I favor an asymmetrical grind where the sides
of the flute are raked back 15 to 300 and the nose bevel is
a
reground to 600 to 800 • This allows you to cut cleanly across the
Faceplate work-A bowl gouge allows the author to cut across
the grain and create hollows and curves.
axis of rotation without catclllng the corners of the tool or
digging in too aggressively.
This grind works well when tu
rnin
g the inside of deep bowls
because the nose bevel does not lose contact with the wood
when it makes the sharp transition from the side wall to the
bottom of the workpiece.
From factory
I use the Oneway sliding pocket jig in tandem with a matching
gooseneck clamping fixture to sharpen bowl gouges. I slide the
clamp 1% in. beyond the tip of the gouge, tighten the lock
screw and set the angle on the jig's
arm.
Different jigs have
slightly different ways of adjusting bevel angles, so you'll need to
Modified grind
refer to your instruction manual. On the Oneway jig, the gouge
is held in such a way that the gooseneck's arm pivots inside the
pocket jig. You grind the gouge by swinging it from side to side,
maintaining even pressure against the grindstone.
Advanced grind
Advanced grind: Many bowl turners grind ilie side bevels
back even more and increase the length of the lower bevel, too.
If you want a longer bevel, bring the pocket in closer to the
Rake the flute 15° to 30°.
Fsretogreaipnemodidrtanglhefinoseedofgre tiond,a
beo vels ofand adtoside
on nosto e
Dashed line represents advanced grind.
grinder. If you want more rake on the sides, adjust the
600
gooseneck accordingly.
800,
In skilled hands, a gouge with tllls grind will cut through
35°
reverse grain with nary any tearout, but it negates much of ilie
forgiving nature of a modified-grind bowl gouge. Instead of
450•
600
rolling out of trouble, it tends to dig in deeper. I urge you to
become technically proficient with one of the oilier grinds
before progressing to tllls one.
800
ing. New bench grinders usually come
ping it into a water bath to avoid drawing
less buffing compound, which is available
equipped with silicon carbide wheels,
the temper. Bluing on high-speed steel
at most hardware stores. To buff a gouge,
which are very hard and better suited for
won't affect the temper.
hold it downhill against the wheel, and
shaping garden tools.
When I do roughing work, I grind
F
Make sure the gouge is held tangentially to
inis nin
h by ho
g the edge
touch up both the bevel and the back.
D
gouges on a 46-grit wheel. For finer cuts, I
I always hone my spindle-turning tools af­
the wheel so that you don't round off the
sharpen them on an 80-grit wheel. It's im­
ter sharpening, but my bowl gouges usual­
sharp cutting edge.
portant to keep your grinding wheels u'ued
ly get honed only when I'm ready to make
and flat. For that, I use a diamond wheel
final passes across a workpiece and want a
dresser. If you will be grinding high-carbon
really smooth surface.
steel tools, you'll need to keep the tool
For honing, I use a cushion-sewn buffing
wheel impregnated with Dico SRC stain-
cool during sharpening by regularly dip-
Ernie Conover directs and teaches wood­
working at Conover Workshops in Pm-k­
man, Ohio. He is also the co-deSigner ofthe
Conover Lathe.
March/April 1997
73
A Drafting Table
for Shop or Home
Torsion-box top and simplejoinery
make a light and sturdy table
by Cameron Russell
""'1<----- 42 in. -------»1>1
'-
r-'
I
1-(1<'----- 35112 in.------?>I>I
Front view
T
he drafting room at the college
I---r----.--I 3I4% in.
I<E--- 2 in.� I
Side view
dents were a lot more comfortable.
where I teach furnituremaking had
The construction process is simple, and
long been a sore spot with me. The
the hardware we used is readily available
tables we used were industrial-type library
from hardware stores or mail-order supply
tables, not designed for drawing. The stu­
houses. The knockdown design makes it
dents who used them were far from com­
easy to disassemble the table for storage or
fortable. For hours at a time, they hunched
moving. The torsion-box top is rigid and
over a flat surface that was at the wrong
dead flat, yet light and portable.
height. It made drafting a pain.
To solve that problem, I designed and
The key hardware components holding
the table together are four threaded rods
built the prototype shown in the top photo
that fit within metal pipes. The nuts and
on the facing page. After working out the
washers on the ends of the threaded rods
bugs in the design, I realized that this
pull the leg assemblies firmly together
would be a good beginner's project for the
while the rigid lengths of pipe keep the
woodworking class. By the time the pro­
two sides apart. This combination of ten­
jects were finished, we had refitted the
sion and resistance to compressive forces
drafting room at the school, and the stu-
stiffens the structure. The smooth cylindri-
74
Fine Woodworking
Acforcdresafotirnygtrsauyppls ies
Torsion box core makes top lightweight and strong.
Support pivot screwed to tabletop
Notched supports hold top securely at dif erent angles.
A knockdown drafting table
Buiandlteawiharstyhtdcommon
mat
e
r
i
a
l
s
and
k
n
o
c
k
­
downsupport
wa
r
e
,
t
h
i
s
t
a
b
l
e
i
s
i
n
expen
s
i
v
e
o
ma
k
e
.
Mova
b
l
e
hi
n
ged
tsmounotodirafgteeersdesnpmakontacangletehfeoiterssposidrd. Aceassftciprbienlsegovitomaodryaetdteplrjrauieyasnltsstty.heoftop
Copper
orhouselecstrplihcruaelmbiamededntaglropiicd.pteubing
March/April 1997
75
Building the torsion box
Spacing about 6 in.
atwiCorhnedeterrofigprraeitdmco.eeworThtivheethishkinxrofegfaedrdpiaemnsdeuippornpiisselicrgtehspittwoeheicaholetgsah.drte
Stbuatpjleosinstp.an glued
3'12/. in. twihidce,k
Cor32/.'1.inei.ntbl.hwioiccdkke,ing
Core blocking
Buttjoints are plenty strong.
Glue and staples hold the coreframe­
work together. The torsion-box top
assumesfull strength once the ply­
wood skins are glued to thisft·ame.
cal surface of the metal pipe also provides
struction process offers a lot of resistance
consists of ribs of lumber '/z in. wide by
an ideal pivot pin for the tilting top.
to twisting forces, making the panel very
3f4
photos above. It's a good idea to add a few
Torsion-box: light but strong
rigid for its size and weight.
I built this tabletop 24 in. wide by 42 in.
The design for the top guarantees that it
long, but the lower structure could easily
secure the pivoting top to the lower frame.
will be lightweight, dead flat and strong.
handle a top up to 30 in. wide by 60 in.
The extra size gives you a little more lee­
The outside skins of '/4-in. plywood are
long. I f you plan to fit a drafting-arm ma­
way for mounting the hardware.
glued to the narrow surfaces of an internal
chine or a parallel straightedge to your
Mill aU tl1e lumber for the ribs at tl1e same
wood frame, and the considerable overall
table, take that size into account when you
time to ensure they're all the same size. Al­
surface area makes a healthy bond. As with
determine the length of your top.
any face-to-face gluing of wood, this con-
76
Fine Woodworking
The internal framework of the top's core
in. thick, as shown in the drawings and
wider blocks to receive the fasteners that
so, accurately marking the locations of in­
tersections where ribs are joined together
Drawings: Gary \Villiamson
Construction details
Thfofraepartmse.e drsFortahwatriingconnegsiditsyh, cowht ethtehoetloeimsp tfportorthaenltometdewertaaills
spihnapvugeestfhoitoul.grIfidyoundhaitvudown.eseflatsbotpadteomsbit a(lnedft)f,uyournishmaay
A. Section through top prop
Threaded insert Core blocking
-��
��P;,ol ,"pport p;", Ends";'6 inc. urtadaitus.
Connector
c.Threaded insert Core blocking
bolt
)
Coun
t
e
r
b
or
e
d
hol
e
f
o
pi
p
i
s
1 % in. Toppieceprop
wanotydrthilroedugh.all the Threaded rod
� __ii�
ii
ili
1% in.
Ac
o
r
n
nut
Metal pipeH;09'(L-...
I...-I �\
wi
t
h
wa
s
h
er
)1
Th
r
e
a
d
ed
r
o
d
L
e
g
1
%
i
n
.
�
ir
ii
"'
�ii
Crabolnodtsscosdowelennecurcetor
-"----- V etal pipe
)
snrauoipporl.ch dts to
5;'6 in. radius
� 1 % in.
�----------� ----�
�--21 in1.9V2 in. --- --- ---Section through top hinge mount
B. Section through notched supports
is important. Apply a small spot of glue to
can do it yourself by sandwiching the top
the drawings on pp. 74-75. We used mor­
each joint, and drive a staple to span the
between sheets of plywood weighted down
tise-and-tenon joints to connect legs and
seam, as shown in the photos on the facing
with bags of cement or boxes of nails. In
rails, but either dowels or biscuits also
page. Use a small-gauge staple and gun.
any case, mark the hinged edge before
could be used.
Once one side of the frame is complete,
adding the outside skins-you'll avoid u'ou­
The size of the table calls for standard
flip it and staple the other side.
ble later when you want to install threaded
lengths of 36-in. threaded rod. The pipe
inselts for the wood-hinge mounts.
can be either thin-walled, liz-in. EMT (elec­
Legs and notched support rails
plumbing pipe. The copper is much more
Gluing the plywood skins to the core
trical metallic tubing) or 1/2-in. copper
frame requires a lot of pressure. A large ve­
neer press is ideal, but if you don't have
one, you might ask someone at a local cab­
Each side of the table is made with a front
expensive, but it can be polished and clear
inet shop to glue up the skin for you. You
and rear leg joined by two rails, as shown in
coated for a visually pleasing finish. If you
Photos: William Duckworth
March/April 1997
77
Accessory trays are adjustable. They
arefastened with connector bolts to
threaded inserts mounted in the legs.
The author's design calls for two shallow
trays and one deep one.
7)
and shape. Half-round holes in the notched
supports (see the drawing on p.
can be
drilled by clamping two pieces together,
edge to edge, and using the joint line as the
centerline. With any part that must revolve
around the metal pipe, like the hinge
blocks mounted to the underside of the
top, be sure to drill the hole large enough
to allow free movement. Sand and finish all
the wood parts before assembly.
Assembling all the p
arts
Once you've fabricated and finished all the
pieces, putting them all together is a cinch.
Start with the legs and notched support­
rail assembly. It's important to remember
to slip the hinge-block pieces over the
pipe as you do this, so the hinge blocks
are in place when you want to secure the
top later. The only tools you'll need to set
up this table (or take it apart) are a box
wrench, a ratchet, for the threaded rods
with acorn nuts, and an Allen wrench, for
the connector bolts.
The small blocks of wood that allow the
top to pivot and to be supported at differ­
ent angles are bolted through into thread­
ed inserts set into the underside of the top.
For applications like this, where I thought
parts would have to be taken apart and put
back together many times, I used threaded
inserts and bolts.
If you plan to assemble the table and
leave it set up, you could certainly substi­
tute regular wood screws for some of tl1is
hardware. Keep in mind, though, that
ready-to-assemble hardware makes adjust­
ments easy when aligning the moving
parts of the tilting and supporting pieces.
use the EMT, you might want to dress it up
the pipes fit snugly within the counter­
a bit with primer and paint.
bored holes with no slop.
outsides of the legs for rearranging or
adding accessory trays for drafting equip­
side of the top), drill the counterbored pipe
A 'Is-in.-dia. hole should be right for the
1/2-in. copper plumbing pipe. The outside
diameter of 1/2-in. EMT is between 1 1/16 in.
When drilling holes for the pipes in the
legs (and in the prop pieces for the under­
I also installed threaded inserts on the
ment (see the photo above). You could
D
customize your own table to handle other
holes first. You can use the center point left
and 314 in. The best method I know for get­
specific accessories, such as a paper-roll
by that hole to line up the bit for the small­
ting a snug fit for the EMT is to file or grind
holder or a T-square rack.
er hole that the threaded rod passes
through. Depending on the type of pipe
down a 3f4-in. spade bit until it makes a hole
you choose, the diameter of the hole may
get to mark the bit, so you don't get it
or may not be a standard size. It's critical
mixed up with your standard-sized bits.
for the overall sturdiness of the table that
78
Fine Woodworking
into which the pipe fits just right. Don't for­
The other wood parts are easy to cut, drill
Cameron Russell teaches furnituremaking
at Camosun College in Victoria, B. c.,
Canada. He also spends some of his free
time restoring a
MG roadster.
1963
Dry-Brushing
Wood Stains
Widen your
range ofcolor
possibilities
using stains
and tints
by Roland Johnson
I
pride myself on being able to restore all types of furniture. So
when a customer called on me to look at two grungy,
broken-down filing cabinets and asked whether I could bring
them up to snuff, I couldn't say no.
The filing cabinets were made of white oak. One was missing a
side; the other needed two new sides. The client liked the
character of the old pieces but realized they were not valuable
antiques. She wanted the repairs done for less than the cost of
new cabinets. We discussed options and agreed the new frames
would be made of solid white oak, the panels of plywood.
I couldn't get the white oak plywood locally. With the
Changing the color of oak-Red oak panels in a white oak
frame (left) don 't match. So the author stained thepiece and
dry brushed the red oak to achieve a uniform color (right).
customer's consent, I used red oak panels. I now had two
finishing challenges: matching new white oak to the aged patina
of the original case and making red oak look like aged white oak.
To help make these kinds of repairs appear seamless, I have
developed a staining technique I call dry brushing. I've blended
the light sapwood of walnut to match the dark brown heartwood.
cheap brushes; an inexpensive brush may seem soft and supple,
but it will be prone to losing bristles. It's not easy to remove
bristles from a dry-brushed finish.
I keep a range of brush sizes on hand to suit different jobs. A
I've used it to even out hard-to-stain woods such as maple and
2-in. brush works well for small areas such as face frames and
cherry. And I can make new wood look like it's 100 years old.
chair parts. A 2 '/2-in. brush is good for small panels and other
Dry brushing is a two-step process that begins with traditional
staining: The wood is sanded and a stain is applied and then
wiped off. When that's dry, a second, heavy coat of stain is
medium-sized surfaces. For large areas, such as tabletops, I use a
4-in. brush. This brush can really move stain around in a hurry.
My favorite stains are oil-based
applied. This coat is delicately brushed with a soft, dry, natural­
pigment stains produced by Benjamin
bristle brush to remove and blend any excess stain. This method
Moore and Pratt
A ood
uali
leaves pigment on tl1e surface of the wood as well as in the pores.
g
set of brushes and
q ty stains and tints
&
Lambert. These
stains have finely ground pigments and
good solvents. Fine pigments help to
eliminate brush marks, and good
The brush must be pliable and have dense, soft bristles. I prefer
natural bristles, but you could use a different kind of brush as
solvents evaporate quickly and evenly.
long as it's recommended for varnish or enamel. Don't buy
seem to have even-drying
Cheaper stains use solvents that don't
Tinting and toning colors
Color-matching stains can be a
real guessing game. A little
knowledge about color theory
will help make sense of
g
your own stains.
There are three primary col­
ors: red, yellow and blue. Tints
are combinations of these pri­
maries. I define tone as the
shade (light or dark) of a color.
Tint is the actual color.
Let's use red as an example.
Red is the tint. By adding black
or white, you change the tone.
mixin
By adding a different color,
such as blue or yellow, you
change the tint. Pink is a
lighter tone of red made by
adding white. Purple is a
new tint made by combining
blue with the red. Equal
amounts of all three colors
produce brown.
To get specific shades of
brown to match wood colors,
use more or less of the primary
colors. To lighten the tone of
your stain, either brush more
characteristics. I have not had success with water-based stains
Mix and match stains. Benjamin Moore 's golden oak and
colonial maple stains are mixed to create a tint matching new
millwork to an old white oakfiling cabinet under repair.
because they raise the grain too much.
To create the tints I need, I combine different stains and add
tinting colors (see the story above). But you don't need to buy
dozens of different stains. I recommend you get a quart each of
Benjamin Moore's walnut and golden oak stains. For tinting,
purchase 2-oz. bottles of universal tinting colors (UTCs) in red,
yellow and blue. These are the basic tints used in paints and are
available from most paint dealers. With this kit, you can
accomplish a lot.
Because I need to match colors of many different woods in my
work, I also use maple stains for their yellow cast, cherry stains
for their red cast and a teak stain for its gray-green cast.
On occasion, a good match using premixed colors eludes me,
and I resort to mixing my own stain from scratch. I use a clear
stain base (I get mine from a local paint dealer) and color it with
artist's oils or UTCs. Artist's oils can be used for tinting small
batches of stain, but they are expensive.
Just the topcoat of stain gets dry brushed
To match the white oak frame to the red oak panels on this job, I
Apply a base coat. The rebuilt side of the case is covered with
a first coat of stain and then wiped off.
applied a base-coat stain to the entire piece, wiped it down in the
traditional manner and let it dty. Then a second coat of stain,
tinted slightly differently, was applied to the panels. These were
dty brushed to match tl1e white oak.
I begin by mixing a base-coat stain and testing it on a piece of
scrap from the project. Large differences in grain porosity or
wood color-even in the same species of lumber-will affect the
results. For the base coat on the filing cabinet, I mixed Benjamin
Moore's golden oak and colonial maple stains.
Once I have a good color match, I stain tl1e workpiece (see the
center photo at left). When I stained tl1e new parts of tl1e filing
cabinet, I was fortunate tl1at the new white oak millwork blended
nicely with the old. But tl1e red oak panels were still too warm.
To adjust a stain's color, I add different tints. To cool down tl1e
red oak, I added a little blue tint to the base stain and tested it on
a sample. This new batch of stain resulted in a perfect color
match between tl1e red oak and tl1e white oak, but the tone was
Red oak panels get second coat. Apply the blue-tinted stain
to the panels; when the stain develops a dull sheen, begin dry
brushing. Let the brush just skim the surface.
80
Fine Woodworking
still too light. This is where a dry brushing technique comes to
the rescue. I brushed the new color stain over the panels. I let
the stain set up until it took on a dull sheen. The time will vary
Photos:
Alme
Fraser
of it out or thin it with mineral
spirits before applying.
Matc
hin imil oods
g diss
ar w
:
Every species of wood leans to­
If
a number of artist's oils for
er. Umbers and siennas have a
on the blue, or cool, side but
small batches of stains, such as
tint built in. With a little expe­
you want more of a mahogany
for touch-ups, and les�xpen­
rience, you will know which to
color, simply add some red tint.
sive UTCs for large batches.
use as a base.
It only takes a tiny amount of
The artist's oils I have are
you have a stain that is a bit
To get a feel for color match­
mixin
mix
ruin
ward certain parts of the color
colorant in some cases to make
burnt sienna, raw sienna, burnt
ing without
spectrum. In the accompany­
large changes in tint. I can usu­
umber, raw umber, yellow
stain, practice mixing colorants
g a batch of
ing article, I matched red oak
ally remedy a bit too much col­
ochre, permanent blue, alizarin
on a piece of wlute tag board. I
to white oak. I fIrst blended a
orant by adding a little bit of
crimson, white and black.
use toothpicks to get a small
stain to match the new white
the other primary colors to bal­
oak to the old, but the stain
ance my mistake. But the more
raw sienna, burnt umber, raw
the container, and with a small
proved to be too red, or warm,
times I have to add a bit of col­
umber, thalo blue, bulletin red,
artist 's brush, I
for the red oak panels. To rem­
orant, the harder it will be to
light yellow, lamp black and
in varying densities to see what
edy this, I added just a few
duplicate my efforts.
white. Using umbers and sien­
changes occur. Make sure you
nas is a quick way to get basic
use a new toothpick for each
drops of a blue universal tint­
ing color (UTC) to cool the col­
or and make a good match.
tints mix
Keep a variety of
on
hand: My color kit consists of
amount of tint colorant out of
In UTCs, I keep burnt sienna,
the colors
J.
colorant. Just a little contami­
browns without the need to
nation can
the primary colors togeth-
your mix.
-R
from five to 15 minutes, depending on the temperature.
exception is a tabletop. Here I do the entire surface at once. I
I brushed the stain back and fonh with the grain (see the
bottom photo on the facing page), using just the tips of the
work fast, but I never hurry. On a piece that is fairly complex,
such as a chair, I tend to do one or two pans at a time. Sometimes
bristles of a clean, dry, soft brush. The weight of the brush does
I'll mask off completed areas to avoid getting fresh stain on an
the work. If you press down too hard (see the photo at left
already brushed surface.
below), the stain tends to move around and the brush gets wet. If
fInis
you use tl1e sides of the bristles or drag the brush at too flat an
Spray on a protective
angle, the stain will smear and leave obvious brush marks.
A dry-brushed surface needs a protective coating. Any solvent­
h
based finish will work, but you must apply it by spraying. A dry­
It's imponant to keep the brush dry. I use paper towels to wipe
brushed surface is very delicate because pigment is floating on
the stain off the tips of tl1e bristles after a few passes. If tl1e brush
becomes wet with stain, it will only smear the stain, not dry it.
top of tl1e wood. If you try to brush on a finish coat, solvents will
Continue to wipe the stain with the brush until the surface is dry.
dissolve some of the dry-brushing, and you'll have a real mess.
You know you're done when the workpiece has a uniform sheen
Handle the piece carefully before final finishing.
I spray my work with an acrylic lacquer. I start with one coat of
and tl1e brush no longer picks up stain. The stain should not
show brush marks or any otl1er obvious signs of a tluck topcoat.
sanding sealer, lightly sand with 2 20-grit and then apply two
If tl1e results are not to your liking, erase the surface with a rag
coats of finish, sanding between them with 220- or 3 20-grit. If
moistened with mineral spirits.
you don't have spray equipment, you can use aerosol cans of
Overlapping fresh stain over dry-brushed stain can be a
spray sealer and finish.
problem. The fresh stain's solvent will dissolve the built-up
pigment of the dry-brushed stain quickly, resulting in a poor
blend line. Always tIy to find natural breaks to stop and stan tl1e
brushing, and try to work small areas at a time. The only
Too much pressure-This will only
sweep the stain around.
0
RolandJohnson restores antiques and builds reproduction
furniture and aI-chitectural millwork in his one-man shop in
St. Cloud., Minn.
Just the right touch Gen tly sweep bris­
tles across workpiece.
-
Keep the brush clea1l. Wipe bristles
every few strokes.
March/April 1997
81
Cabinet Scrapers
You 'll get a smooth andflat surface,
even on hard wood and curly grain
by Monroe Robinson
T
he dining table,
lY/2
Stanley No. 80fixed­
angle cabinet scraper
ft. long and 5 ft. wide, could seat
18 people. After working on it for three months, the last
strate or create ugly dips in the surface. A cabinet scraper not only
smooths the wood's surface but flattens it as well.
thing I wanted was a flaw in the top. To smooth it-all
Cabinet scrapers are simply tools for holding blades at a fixed
60-odd sq. ft. of Macassar ebony that I had painstakingly resawn­
angle and depth of cut. They are pushed like Western planes, and
some cabinet scrapers, like the one in the photo below, look like
I started with a handplane.
When the ebony, still rough from the bandsaw, showed signs of
handplanes. Others, like the one in the photo above, look more
tearing, I turned to a cabinet scraper. It took 16 hours, but when I
like large spokeshaves. All hold a blade at an acute angle to the
was done, the top was completely flat and smooth with no chip­
work, so a burr on the blade cuts the wood just like a hand-held
ping, gouging or tearout. And no sandpaper.
scraper. But the cabinet scraper has several advantages over a
A cabinet scraper is the ideal tool for smoothing and flattening
hand-held scraper. Because the cabinet scraper has a sole like a
any dense hardwood, especially if the grain is difficult and prone
plane, the amount of blade in contact with the work is limited. As
to tearout. Figured oak, ash or maple and most tropical hardwoods
a result, the cabinet scraper takes down just the high spots and
are all good candidates for surfacing with a cabinet scraper. A belt
skims over any low areas.
sander may remove wood as quickly as a cabinet scraper, but a
scraper is much less likely to chew through veneer into the sub-
Only a few models
are
still being made
Decades ago, there were many makers and models of cabinet
scrapers. These days, I know of only four cabinet scrapers still be­
ing made-Stanley's No. 80 (widely available), the Kunz
112
Kunz No.
variable-angle
cabinet scraper
o. 1 2
(available from MacBeath Hardwoods; 510-843-4390), the Kunz
o. 1 1 2 (sold by Woodcraft; 800-225-4482) and the Lie- ielsen
o.
212 (available through a number of woodworking catalogs as well
as directly from Lie-Nielsen Toolworks; 800-327-2520).
Prices for new cabinet scrapers range from about $30 for a No. 80
to $ 120 for the Lie- ielsen No. 212. An antique Stanley
o. 1 1 2 can
cost considerably more.
New or old, there are just two types of cabinet scrapers-those
that hold the blade at a fixed angle and those that permit the blade
angle to be set by the user. The Stanley No. 80 is a fixed-angle cab­
inet scraper. Both Kunz scrapers and the Lie- ielsen
o. 2 1 2 per­
mit blade-angle adjustments. Both of these variable-angle cabinet
scrapers are also called scraper planes because of their shape.
Bevel angle isn't critical-a well-prepared blade is
A properly prepared blade is essential to getting a cabinet scraper
to work well. All of these cabinet scrapers can be used with the
Change angle as scraper dulls. The
author sets a fresh blade at about 5 °
off vertical. When it stops cutting, he
adjusts it a few degreesforward. The
blade can be adjusted until it reaches
20° before it needs reburnishing.
82
Fine Woodworking
blade sharpened at any angle between 90° and 45 0. When filed and
honed at 90° (just like a hand-held scraper), you get two cutting
edges at one end of the scraper blade. A blade with a 45 ° angle is a
more aggressive cutting tool. It will scrape for a longer period be­
fore dullness reduces it to creating dust rather than shavings. The
angle is a matter of personal preference. I use a 90° angle on the
Setting and flexing the blade
Secure the blade.
nuwhiblatdsleoholdownn thdeinfgwirotnhtetofshcetTirhaotegphthercabieerbodynhantehnted.satcwnThrdaopeer
e is now flus with the sole.
Flex the cutting edge of the blade.
Tiextofgthtehndenisbelcnrgaoptwehretbhtohedyumbsocausles,calrelowswtonhinegblthitaetdeobcatcuokt.
Ththe grmoreate trhtehe blumbsade prcroewjecitsiotin.htened,
blades in my No. 80s, although I know others who swear by a 45°
be evident when viewing the surface from a low angle, such as
bevel. On my variable-angle cabinet scrapers, I prefer a bevel angle
when sitting down at a dining table. The No. 80 is a good choice,
somewhere between 45 ° and 60° . Anything more acute than 45°
however, for eliminating small rough spots or leveling the surface
would be too fragile to last very long. Whatever the angle, the
along glue joints. Or if you've already largely flattened a surface
bevel faces the rear of the scraper.
with a plane or a cabinet scraper with a longer sole but you still
After filing the edge to the angle I've chosen, I hone the edge to
6,000-grit on my Japanese waterstones and burnish the edge with
arin
80
a Ught touch. (For more on this, see
Prep
g and using a No.
FWW
# 1 14, pp. 53-55.)
have some minor tearout here and there, reach for the No. 80. Just
be careful not to Unger in one area of the surface, or you're likely
to create a depression.
To ready this type of scraper for use, start by setting the tool on a
The No. 80 is the most aggressive wood remover of the four cabi­
smooth, flat surface. Loosen the center thumbscrew on the back of
the scraper, and slip the blade between the body of the scraper and
net scrapers still generally available. Because its sole is compara­
the pressure bar until the blade bottoms out. Then, while holding
tively short, it's not the best tool for flattening a large surface. If not
down both the blade and cabinet scraper with one hand, tighten
used in a consistent pattern, it can create shallow dips that would
the two nuts on the front of the cabinet scraper with the other hand
Photos: Vincent Laurence
March/April 1997
83
AddiByandaddilevernngg, yousfhleimxcsanttooatdhadevarfleroxgtioable-angle cabinet scraper
the ceuntdmorof teheagblgradees aivnde. make
LLeevveerrshims
e
d
a
Bl
----' Frog sh----=:""""'� Fimrog
on lr-"<.Diofrceucti.L..Bottom view of scraper
scraper body and positions the blade precisely flush with the sole.
with a protractor and bevel gauge tl1e first time, so you know what
you're shooting for. After that, setting the angle by eye is close
(see the top right photo on p. 83). This secures the blade to the
ow tighten the center thumbscrew so it just barely flexes the
enough. Another way is to use the cabinet scraper blade like a
blade (see the bottom right photo on p. 83). This pushes the center
hand-held scraper for just a few strokes. It may feel a little awk­
area of the blade slightly below the sole. As the blade gets dull,
ward at first, but once the scraper's making shavings, you'll know
adding more flex with the thumbscrew will get the blade to bite
the proper setting.
again. And after reburnishing a new edge, it's often necessary to
add a little more flex to get the blade to make shavings again.
Then, just as with the
o. 80, set the scraper on a smooth, flat sur­
face, and slip the blade into the frog mechanism until it touches
bottom. Tighten tl1e blade hold-down screw with one hand while
1/20
Working with variable-angle cabinet scrapers
holding down tl1e blade and cabinet scraper with the otl1er. The
The first step in setting up a cabinet scraper with an adjustable
forward
blade is now flush with the sole. Adjust the blade angle forward
or so with the blade-angle adjustment nuts at the rear of the
of straight up (see tl1e bottom photo on p. 82). This angle works
scraper. This pushes the cutting edge of the blade back slightly so
well for a newly sharpened blade. You may want to set the angle
it protrudes just below the sole. The scraper is ready for use.
blade angle is to position the frog mechanism to about
84
Fine Woodworking
50
Drawings: Vince Babak
Extended
body gives
scraper
more sole
With use, the blade will dull. To get it to cut again, you can bur­
nish a new cutting edge on the dull blade, adjust the angle forward
or do both. The farther forward you adjust the blade, to as much as
250 or so, the more aggressive the cut. Each time I shift the blade
angle forward, I reset the blade flush with the bottom. Then I shift
the blade forward another 1/20 or so, so it's just slightly below the
sole. This two-step repositioning of the blade alters the angle of
the blade without causing it to protrude excessively through the
bottom of the sole.
Problem-solving for variable-angle cabinet scrapers
Much of what you've read about tuning up handplanes is just as
applicable to cabinet scrapers: A flat sole and flat seating for the
blade will go a long way toward improving performance. But par­
ticular makes and models of cabinet scrapers seem to have some
specific problems.
Every one of the dozen or so Kunz scrapers I've seen has had
Significant play in the pin or screws attaching the frog assembly to
the scraper body, making it difficult to set the scraper iron accu­
rately. None of the many old Stanleys I've seen have had this prob­
lem. I was able to correct the problem on a Kunz No. 1 1 2 in less
than 10 minutes by flaring the ends of the screws securing the frog
assembly on each side with a hammer and center punch.
Something else I noticed while experimenting with cabinet
Whil
straightforward, all screws
ing school, I built a large,
and glue. It works so well
scrapers don't have any provision for flexing the blade, they don't
rosewood-veneered table.
that it's the cabinet scraper I
cut as aggressively as I'd like. What they needed, I figured, was
When I surfaced the top, I
reach for to this day.
a slight flex at the end of the blade, just as you would get with a
wanted to take every precau­
hand scraper or with the No. 80. I cut three 1/4-in.-sq. pieces of
tion to prevent planing or
own extended-body cabinet
scraping through the veneer.
scraper, buy a No. 12%. The
I had an antique Stanley
No. 12%,
No. 12%, a relatively short­
has four holes in the sole
soled cabinet scraper, but
to fasten the extended sole
not a No. 1 12 , which is con­
to the cabinet scraper. With
siderably longer. To get the
the No. 12, you'll have to
e attending woodwork­
scrapers early on was that bec ause the variable-angle cabinet
brass shim stock (between .020 in. and .030 in. thick is about right)
and glued one on each outside corner at tl1e bottom of the lever
and one at the bottom center of the frog (see the drawing on the
facing page). Wood veneer between 1/30 in. and 1/50 in. thick would
work as wel l . Contact cement works perfectly to adhere either
material to the scraper body. With these shims installed, the more
you tighten the blade into the cabinet scraper, the more tl1e blade
will be flexed.
Scraping a large surface
If you want to make your
unlik
e the No. 12,
longer sole I wanted, I built
drill
and attached an extended
yourself or pay a machinist
body to the old No. 12%,
to do the work. Don't make
tripling the length of its sole
the extended sole any thick­
and all but e
limin
ating the
and tap screw holes
er than 5/16 in. or so.
lf
you
Cabinet scrapers can be used to surface furniture parts of any size
chance of scraping through
do, the blade won't be sup­
and, in fact, the Lie-Nielsen No. 2 1 2 works particularly well on
the veneer (see the photos
ported very well where it
smaller pieces. But where most cabinet scrapers really shine is on
above). The construction of
scrapes and could chatter
large, flat panels like tabletops.
the extended body is
or cut poorly.
-M.R.
In general, my process for flattening and smoothing a large table­
top is first to handplane it and then scrape it with a Stanley No. 1 1 2
or N o . 1 21/2 (same a s the N o . 12 but with screw holes in the sole)
with an extended body (see the box at right). I finish up with some
very delicate bite and scrape straight with the grain. I do not hold
finer hand scraping. If the wood doesn't respond well to the hand­
the cabinet scraper nose forward in line with the direction of the
plane, I go straight to the cabinet scraper. Either way, when I do get
stroke. Rather, I skew the scraper first to one side and then the oth­
to the cabinet scraper, I scrape tl1e top in all directions-across the
er. This prevents the cabinet scraper from creating a miniature
grain, diagonally in every direction and with the grain-so I don't
washboard effect on the wood surface.
favor or neglect any portion of it. The order is not important, but
scraping in repeated sequence from each direction is, until an over­
Finally, I go over the surface one last time, taking just a delicate
scraping with a freshly honed hand-held scraper. The surface is
all flatness is achieved.
now ready for a finish. And no sandpaper is needed.
Once the surface has been flattened, you can use a
o. 80 to re­
move more wood, working on small imperfections or tearouts. Or
you can just continue using the No. 12 (or No. 12 1/2) or No. 1 12 to
do this. Although it will take longer, the top will be flatter.
The last thing I do with the cabinet scraper is hone a blade so it's
very sharp, put it in my extended No. l 2 1/2 or No. 1 12, set it for a
0
.
Monroe Robinson a sawyer in Little River, Calif, specializing in
the custom sawing of salvaged, old-growth redwood and Douglas
He was a professionalfurnituremakerfor 22 years and trained
with James Krenov at the College ofthe Redwoods. He has worked
as a woodcarver, log-bridge builder and custom homebuilder.
fir.
is
March/April 1997
85
G
od made heaven and earth, but the Dutch made
Holland, as the saying goes. The Dutch also made
klompen-wooden shoes, or clogs-to navigate in the
mud that remained after they reclaimed land from the ocean.
Often worn with leather slippers, called klompensokken,
wooden shoes keep feet dry and warm. Farmers used to stuff
them with straw as insulation.
My wife's father is Dutch. He brought her a pair of kiompen on
his return from a trip to Holland several years ago. I took one
look at them and laughed, not imagining that anybody actually
wore these silly looking shoes. Turns out, I was a little hasty in
my judgment.
The kiompen industry pales in comparison to other sectors of
the Dutch economy-electronics (Philips), chemicals (Shell), and
agriculture (flowers and food)-but it is alive and well. More than
three million pairs of clogs are made and sold each year by some
60 or so businesses that belong to a professional kiompen-makers
trade organization. Two-thirds of those are exported and one­
third go for domestic use within the Netherlands. An average pair
costs about $20.
I tracked down a number of the people who make and sell
wooden shoes and decided early on to get a pair for myself. But
this turned out to be somewhat of a problem.
All the wooden shoes in Holland are made from either willow
or what they call Canadian poplar. Poplar is lighter in weight and
color, and it's cheaper.
An
average tree takes only 25 years to
mature for harvesting, and it will yield enough wood for roughly
150 adult-sized shoes. Willow is harder to ftnd and much more
expensive, but the farmers prefer it because the wood is more
water-resistant.
Kiompen makers work the wood wet, at aboLlt 40% moisture
content (see the photo at left). Freshly carved shoes are either
An irreplaceable national
icon-Wooden shoes, or
klompen, continue to be
made by the m illions in Hol­
land. Although most of the
shoes are exported, they re­
main in wide use in Holland,
as evidenced by the young
food vendor, at left, in a park
near Lisse. Poplar or willow,
carved while it is still wet,
can supportfungal growth
the shoes dry (far left).
as
March/April 1997
87
kiln-dried (in more sophisticated production facilities) or hung in
nets outside in the shade to dry over a period of several months.
Gone are the days of handwork
It used to be a common practice for a husband to present his
bride with an intricately carved pair of shoes on their wedding
day-sometimes spending up to 50 hours making them. Blame
the death of that cultural observance on the advent of the
machine age. Many of the klompen makers I met know how to
carve a pair by hand (see
#54, pp. 55-57), but other than
performing demonstrations for tourists, they simply don't do it
FWW
anymore. Instead, they employ a sort of duplicating lathe to
shape the outsides (see the photo at left) and a boring machine
with spoon-shaped bits to carve out the insides (see the bottom
photo). Curiously, every shop and factory I visited still finishes
the shoes by hand with lacquer applied by brush, not spray
equipment (see the photo on the facing page).
In search of some shoes that fit
My first visit was to meet Abner Verschuur. He's a resident
klompen maker at the Kooijman wooden shoe workshop and
museum at a restored 17th- and 18th-century village in Zaandam
called the Zaanse Schans-a setup not unlike Williamsburg, Va.
He learned the trade in an apprenticeship under a man named
Harry van Aarle.
The museum, like many others I visited, has an extensive
collection of wooden shoes; one pair is more than 300 years old.
There are fancy painted versions worn only on Sundays to
church; klompen with metal spikes in the undersides to be worn
on ice; klompen with pointed toes worn by fisherman and used
to grab the nets with their feet; klompen with leather shin guards
tacked to the top for reed cutters; trip klompen with a leather
strap across the top, designed for dancing; klompen with large,
flat bottoms for extra buoyancy for people who collected peat in
spongy earth. They even had klompen for the horses that carried
the peat back home from the bog.
Abner Verschuur was wearing a pair of clogs when I met him.
When I asked him whether they were comfortable, he replied
that Dutch people have been wearing them for 550 years, so
either they're comfOitable or there's something wrong with the
Dutch. I tried on a number of shoes in his shop, but none of
them felt right.
Automated ma­
chines shape and
carve the klompen.
Harry Laarhoven
(above) operates a
mughing machine­
thefirst step toward
shaping the outsides
of the shoes. The
boring machine in
the Nijhuisfamily
plant in Beltrum
(right) carves out
the insides of a pair
ofshoes by copying
the master blank
at center.
Down the road a bit, I found Kees van El at his shop in Broek in
Waterland, where he's been in business for 35 years. He had an
impressive pile of very large willow trees lying on the ground in
front of his shop-one was 75cm (close to 30 in.) in diameter.
He prefers willow to poplar for its working characteristics
and durability. The klompen he was wearing were about a year
old. He spends his days walking on wooden floors. On concrete,
the shoes will last about six months; on wet concrete, three
months. When I started to
uy
on a pair of clogs, he took a look at
my foot and said right away that none of his shoes would fit. My
instep is too high, meaning that the bone on the top of my foot is
too pronounced.
A warm-hearted and engaging man, van El credits American
soldiers for reviving a dying industry. They bought wooden
shoes as souvenirs to take home after World War II. The light
bulb of tourist dollars clicked on and burns brightly still.
The next day, I headed south where I met up with Harry
Laarhoven (see the top photo). He and his brother, Willem, run a
88
Fine Woodworking
Photos: author
(Dutch people
have been
wearing klompen
for 550 years, so
either they're
comfortable or
there's something
wrong with
the Dutch. '
Finishing is still hatldwork. Some shoes are sold raw, but those that get a finish are painted with
a brushing lacquer, one by one, by hand.
business called De Platijn in the town of Best, which boasts
employees. The factory makes 50,000 pairs of shoes each year
more klompen makers than any other town in Holland. The
and markets 65% of those to children. Jan van Zuilekom wears a
Laarhoven brothers have been making kiompen for 42 years,
pair around the plant. He leaves them outside his office door, so
after inheriting the business from their father. At De Platijn, the
he doesn't track the sawdust and grime into the office space. He
factory produces 45,000 pairs of clogs a year and sells them to
has another pair at home for gardening and camping. And no, he
tourists, farmers and gardeners. Nothing goes to waste. The
was sorry to say, he didn't make kiompen for feet like mine.
sawdust is sold to chicken farmers; scraps of slab wood are
used to smoke fish.
The Laarhovens also run a kiompen museum next to the
working shop. They have a collection of old machinery, as well
as the typical array of wooden shoes. My favorite was a pair
Only a few miles from the German border, in the small town of
Beltrum, I toured what the owner says is the largest wooden
shoe factory in the world- ijhuis B.Y. Klompenfabriek. Paul
ijhuis's father started the business in 1938, making four pairs of
shoes a day. Last year, the factory made 15 million pairs. Granted,
made by a butter smuggler during World War II. The bottoms of
1.1 million of those were souvenirs and gifts-everything from
the shoes were carved with the heel and toe reversed to confuse
miniature key chains to Heineken beer bottle openers. But that
anyone trying to track his footprints in the snow.
In the nearby town of Liempde, I metJan van der Wiel, a
still leaves 400,000 pairs of wooden shoes for farming and
gardening. Nijhuis exports a lot of those to Japan, Taiwan,
blokkenleverancier. He supplies the rough-cut logs split into
Indonesia and Brazil.
wedges, or billets, to kiompen makers all over Holland, using
some very heavy-duty and state-of-the-art equipment. Felled
Paul Nijhuis has run the business since 1975. He employs
30 people full time and another 60 for part-time help. The
trees are mounted on a railroad trolley and fed into a giant laser­
manufacturing facilities are impressive, clean and modern. Here,
guided cutoff saw. The length of the cut is calibrated for different
too, all the waste products are used elsewhere: sawdust to cow
sized shoes. From there, the cut pieces, or bolts, head up a
farmers, slab wood to a German particleboard manufacturer and
conveyor belt to a de-barking machine before being split into
smaller scraps for wood stoves.
billets and shipped to kiompen makers.
While heading back to Amsterdam, I stopped in Culemborg
Nijhuis does have a master mold for people with high insteps,
so I finally found a pair of shoes that fit. He showed me how to
and spent some time with Jan van Zuilekom. Kees van El had
check for a proper fit-an index finger should slip in easily above
spoken highly of the quality of van Zuilekom's shoes. Every
the instep and behind the heel. And to walk in them, you drag
year, a group of pensioned kiompen makers get together to
your feet along in a kind of shuffle. They take some getting used
judge samples of shoes taken randomly during unannounced
to, but so do new leather shoes.
visits from factories all over Holland. Van Zuilekom has won the
award the last four years in a row.
This family business, 90 years in the making, has five
D
89
William Duckworth is an associate editor of Fine Woodworking.
He wears h is klompen while gardening.
March/April 1997
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CALIFORNfA CONTEMPORARY
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ThtorlMaster Craftsman in Wood
The Classified Text rate
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orders must
accompanied by payment,
are non-co
sionable. Display Classified
rates on request. The WOOD TOOL
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are for private
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um 6 lines,
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rtions per year. Send to: Fine Woodworking
ing Dept.,
Box 5506, Newtown,
06470-5506.
e for the
May/June issue is February 25, 1996. (800) 926-8776,
562.
p
ties
CELEBRATED CHICAGOWOOl).
SHOP with storefront gallery. Metal­
working arrangements, CAD & drafting
tables, library/lounge, office, and more.
Excellent location one block from
Frank Lloyd Wright in historic Oak Park.
The space is for rent from third party
(2400 sq. ft.) -all machinery, setup and
this extraordinary situation FOR SALE.
Jump-start your business. Contact:
David Orth: (708) 383-4399.
SHOP SPACE. Includes use of panel
saw, 20-in. planer, 17-in. jointer, North­
field saws, etc. FuU dust collection.
Brooklyn,
(718) 499-2954.
BROOKLYN WOODWORKERS CO-OP
seeks new members. Professionals
sharing fully-equipped shop; private
space. Greenpoint, Brooklyn,
Joe
(718) 349-3610.
BUILDING
BIRCHB
OE
COURSE. Lake Superior (Wisconsin).
Sixteen days; summer 1997. $850 US, in­
cluding lodging. David Gidmark, Dept.
K, Box 26, Maniwaki, QuebecJ9E 3B3.
BLUE RIDGE MOUNTAINS, VA. One
year apprenticeship available to moti­
vated individuaL Saturated learning en­
vironment Accommodations available.
For more information call: Michael
MaxweU, (540) 587-9543.
C ADAMS SCHOOL ofWoodworking.
June-October.
our ad on p. 11 (317)
535-4013. http://
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APPRENTICESHIP 1
hands-on
fine furniture making, designing and
marketing. TuitionJeffrey Greene. (215)
348-5232. cPA)
.
Help
ARCHITECfURAL FINISHER NEEDED
for commercial cabinet shop near the
beautiful Rocky Mms. Receive a great
salary and good benefits working for a
well-established firm. Call Jon at (801)
7
7.
TEACHER-WOOD­
EXPERIENCED
WORKER for Conn. gifted-teen art, the­
ater, and music camp; must be 21+ and
appropriate role model for adolescents:
June 20-Aug. 20, 1997. BFA/MFA pre­
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sume: Buck's Rock Camp, 59 Buck's
Rock Rd., New Milford, CT 06776. EOE
RAFTS
EXPERIENCED C
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Call (970) 327-4429.
Instruction
INTE
SCOTIISH
RNATIONAL SCHOOL
of Antique Furniture Restoration and
Making. One year intensive course
(commencing September.) Plus new
courses. 12 week short electives
(comm. Sept., Jan., May.) Brochure and
full syUabus: Myreside School, Gifford
E. Lothian, EH41 4JA Scotland. Tel (44)
1620-810-680. FAX
1620-810-701
(44)
H ands-on Workshops
Two-week Basic and Advanced courses
Twelve-Week Intensive.
In beautiful Maine.
For information contact:
Center for Furniture Craftsmanship
25 Mill Street, Rockport. ME 04856
Peter Kom, Director
LER SCHOOL of Fine Furni­
ture Finishing/Repair and HandJoinery.
1 & 2-week courses, with 3rd genera­
tion craftsman. Send $3 for testimonials
and information package. 783 North
Clayton, Lawrenceville, GA 30245 (At­
lanta). (770) 682-8046.
School
g videos also available
.catch21.
,
APPRENTICE WITH
MASTER CRAFT ARTIST
in-shop experience
furniture design
production and marketing
thoseTrus
caree as
1997.
Applications are invited for tbe post of Thtor/Master
Craftsman, starting in August
We require
proven teaching ability, excellent hand and machine
skills, ingenuity, a sound knowledge and curiosity
about trees, timber and other materials.
,YEARh.21&548-3.91 lax 21&548-2721 resources,
011 441308 444.
HILIP
&
P
C. LOWE-Makers of Fine Furni­
ture-now offering full and part-time
instruction. Learn the craft of building
traditional furniture at the workshop
featured in Fine Woodworking's most
recent video Measuring Furniturefor
Reproduction. Inquiries: 116 Water St.,
Beverly, MA 01915. (508) 922-0615.
(757)
(757)
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WOODEN G
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Easy, Unique! Free information. Riggs
Publications-E, Box 2983, Gardnerville,
NV 8941O.
F
hes
SPRAY-ON-SUEDE. Free brochure (sam­
ple enclosed). Donjer Products, Ilene
Ct. Bldg. 8F, Belle Mead, NJ 08502. (800)
336-6537.
Publications
AM
Directed by John Makepeace, the Parnbam
t
provides intensive, residential courses for
of
exceptionaJ ability in preparation for
rs
designers and makers.
ONE
PROFESSIONAL PROG
in fine furniture construction. M
um
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Cottage St., Easthampton, MA 01027.
(413) 527-0202.
Ebac Incorporated
Call Today! 1-a
90 11
ITIONAL HNISHING SUPPLIES­
Dry shellac, dyes, pigments, brushes,
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Box 2060, au alito ,
94966
PhoneIFAJ( (415) 927-0321
PA
_
eous
B
PIPEG SUPPLIES. Briar­
wood, tools, instruction book. Catalog.
PIMO F.W., PO Box 2043, Manchester,
VT 05255.
Cl
T
ITIONAL
IN
WORKSHOPS
WOODWORKING Techniques. Plane
making,
carving,
joinery,
and
planecraft. Mario Rodriguez, Warwick
Country Workshops, PO Box 665, War­
wick,
1
, or call (914) 986-6636
for brochure and schedule.
(207) 594-561 1
I18125 ReI.·P.O. Box 67g.p"tananI, OH 44080
aximRAM
e
Ebac's
Learn or improve hand ca
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httpll
Accessories
The Trust is committed to a continuing programme
of scientific research into renewable forest
and the development of environmentally
sound design, construction and manufacturing.
28, 1997.
01'8
Applications are invited by February
Salary according to qualifications and experience.
Post also includes spacious accommodations.
Please contact: The Secretary, The Parnham Trust.
Parnham House, Beaminster. Dorset,
3NA
England. Fax:
863
Glues
Adhesives
HIDE GLUE, aU grades including wood
sizing and glass chipping. Bjorn mdus­
tries, mc., 551 King Edward Rd., Char­
lotte, C 28211 (704) 364-1186.
TECHNOLOGY OF WOOD BONDING:
Principles in Practice, by Alan Marra
PhD, Wood gluing art covering all fac­
tors; tree to product, quality control and
troubleshooting, 450 pp, illustrated,
Marbor, 444 Montague Rd., Amherst,
MA 01002. (413) 549-5910.
VINAntTAGEique,NewTOOL-AuthoriHOUSE
zed Dealer..
if.
m
MriI
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S2lIluBoxSistr.Uedngle855·
Copy $12 U.S. Subs6NY.t,imes(517
::E lans & Kits
& Used Hand Tools
Buy/Sell
catalogs published
•
Suffern,
914-352-1347
per year.
f-oreigm
10901
"
P
COUNTERBALANCE LOOM plans, in­
structions, sources. Turn rags
riches.
$30.j.A. Hayes" 210 Mountain View Dr.,
Salt Spring Island, BC, Canada V8K 1 G
(250) 537-0768.
to
1
March/April 1997
95
CLASSIFIED
HUMIDOR PLANS. Build your own
classic humidor. $ 12.95 $1.50 postage.
WOODESIGNS, 1927 Pinecone Ct.,
Apopka, FL 32703.
+
MODEL-BUILDERS! Plans for authentic
English stage coach, wagons, carts.
Comprehensively researched, careful­
ly detailed. Unusual, different, chal­
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D- EW, 800-964-8251.
RAN
SOUTHWESTERN STYLE FURNITURE
PLANS. Classic construction tech­
niques. High Desert Design, Box 26674F, Birmingham, AL 35226.
FULL-SIZE PROFESSIO AL PLANS cata­
log $3. Over 200 professionally-de­
signed plans for building fine furniture.
Furniture Designs, Inc., CK-37, 1827
Elmdale Ave., Glenview, IL 60025.
Hardware
PENDANT STYLE CABINET PULL,
hand-forged, rustic finish. SEND $8 for
sample and information. $700 for 100
pcs. CTI, POB 578, Ribera, NM 87560. 1 800-726-0145. Fax (505) 421-2618.
Musical Supplies
GUITAR, BANJO, MANDOLIN and vio­
lin building materials. Repair tools, re­
placement parts, tone woods and
finishing supplies. Free 104-page cata­
log. Stewart MacDonald's Guitar Shop
Supply, Box 900F, Athens, OH 45701.
800-848-2273.
GUITARMAKING SUPPLIES: Send $2
for our catalog of quality tonewoods,
kits, accessories, books, tools, and fin­
ishing supplies. Guitarmaker's Con­
nection, Martin Guitar Company, Box
329, Nazareth, PA 18064. 800-247-6931.
VIOLIN, GUITAR, banjo, mandolin­
making materials, accessories, books.
Catalog, $ 1. International Luthiers Sup­
ply, Box 580397, Tulsa, OK 74158.
HAMMERED DULCIMER PLANS! By
noted builder Charlie Aim. Best book
on subject. $ 19.95. Woodworks, Box
428, Dept. FW, Brookston, IN 47923.
(317) 563-3504.
PLANS KlTS & SUPPLIES FOR musical
instruments; harps, dulcimers, psalter­
ies, banjos and more. Musicmaker's
Kits, Dept. FW, PO Box 21 17, Stillwater,
MN 55082. (612) 439-9120.
LUTHIERS'
SUPPLIES:
Imported
tonewood, tools, varnishes, books,
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Baltimore, MD 21209. (410) 832-2525,
or 800-542-3538.
Calls
Shows/
for Entry
14TH ANNUAL WOODWORKlNG
COMPETITION. August 8-10 1997. Five
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Carving-Rural Theme, Turning, Wood­
en Signs, Youth-Open Class. $5000. in
cash prizes. For Entry Form or informa­
tion contact: The Wood Show, Box 920,
Durham, Onto Canada NOG 1 RO. Ph
(519) 369-6902. Fax 519-369-5750.
96
Fine Woodworking
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Yearly updates. DOS, Windows, Win­
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BROC
Woodfind, Box 2703F, Lyn­
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E-mail
98036.
nwood,
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HURE
ladesLAD &
B
Bits
BAND SAW B
ES. Swedish silicon
steel: �6-in. through 1 �-in. Timber Wolf
bands. FREE catalog. Suffolk machine:
800-234-7297.
Hand
Tools
TASHIRO'S SHARP JAPANESE TOOLS
since 1888. Free ZETA
saw system
catalog. 2939 4th Avenue South, Seat­
tle, WA 98134. (206) 621-0199. FAX
(206) 621 -0157.
TM
BRAN DING IRONS
Signalures, logo, Names. Any size/design. Drill
Press Mount.
LOWEST CUSTOM PRICES.
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MAPLE BENCH TOPS
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American Made Mach i nery New
Used DELTA, P O W E R M AT I C and
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$99.00. BALDOR grinders 25% off. Motor
and machine specials, free list.
PLAZA MACHINERY, 802-234·9673
Bx 14,
Fax 802-
Bethel, VT 05032 •
RARE
REDWOOD BURL,
EXOTIC burl­
wood. Direct from logger. Table and
clock slabs, turning blocks, box-wood.
Burl Country: (707) 725-3982. (CA)
FREE CATALOG/BARGAIN OFFERS ! ! !
Exotic hardwoods, squares, foreign/do­
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40204. Fax 502-456-4752.
MESf HARD KiD.
WOOD LATHE ACCESSORIES from Big
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innovative Steady Rest, precision Bowl­
Caliper, more. Call 1 -888-TURNING for
free brochure.
BRANI).NEW·
HlAN
QUALITY NO
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hardwood. Custom milling. Free deliv­
ery. Bundled, surfaced. Satisfaction guar­
antee. Niagara Lumber, 800-274-0397.
23<Hl325
Machinery NewjUsed
WMlL HAN
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IC
WOODS
Cherry,
walnut (figured), sycamore, oak, hicko­
ry, elm, ash, etc. Middletown, MD.
(301) 293-1374.
BIRD'S-EYE AND CURLY MAPLE, 4/4
to 12/4 lumber, flitches, turning
squares, and blocks. Black walnut,
cherry and quartersawn and curly oak
lumber. Dunlap Woodcrafts, Vienna,
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LAKE AKE
GREAT F
J
! quartersawn red &
white oak, finest quality, matched sets
up to 23-in. wide. Call for newslet­
ter/price list. Landmark Logworks.
(540) 687-4124. (VA)
20BF BULK PACKS of selected lumber:
Cherry $2.80/bf; red oak $2.30 bf; wa�,ut
$3.15/bf. Additional Species. FREE Cata­
log. Visa/Mastercard. Badger Hardwoods
of Wisconsin, Ltd., N1517 Hwy. 14, Suite
34, Walwolth,
53184. (800) 2522373. E-mail Badgerwood@aol.com
http://www.conunerce.com/badger
W1
FW7
HIGHLY-FIGURED WALNUT SLABS,
planks and blocks. California Walnut
Designs, 12681 Wolf Road, Grass
Valley, CA 95949. (916) 268-0203.
http://
.ca-walnutdesigns.com
www
AIIAN HARD
EXOTIC HAW
WOODS; 4/4
& 8/4; koa, mango, kamani, Queens­
land maple, silver oak. TECH-WOOD,
INC: (717) 933-8989 cPA)
SAWMILL DIRECT: Ebony, cocobolo,
chac-te-koke, bocote, tulipwood, king­
wood, lignum vitae and 70 other
species. Quantity discounts, good
freight rates. Quality at a fair price.
SASE; Tropical Exotic Hardwoods, PO
Box 1806, Carlsbad, CA 92018. (619)
434-3030. Visa/Me. Mitch Ta1cove.
MAP AND
URL
LE
REDWOOD B
. Highly
figured, bird's-eye and lace. Specializ­
ing in box wood and carving materials.
Any size or thickness. Quality. (503)
394-3077. (OR)
COCOBOLO 4/4, 8/4. FEQ, 500-bd/ft.
minimum. $7.50/bd. ft. FOB California.
(619) 434-3030.
CALL SA
L EXC
GE to buy/sell
used portable sawmills (Wood-MizerTM,
TimberkingTM, etc.) Also, "Portable
Sawmill Encyclopedia", only $ 14.95!
(205) 969-3963, http://
.sawmillex­
change.com
OREGON BLACK WALNUT-Lumber,
turning squares, carving blocks, highly
figured wide boards. Goby Walnut
Products, Dept.
5016 Palestine Rd.,
Albany, OR 97321. (541) 926-7516.
PTOINO -PTO WOOD CHIPPERS,
chipper/shredders, stump grinders,
skidding winches. Trailer, base frame, 3
point hitch mounting knucklebooms.
Hydraulic 4WD trailers pull heavy loads
to had road. Tractor tire chains. litera­
ture kit #5-22. 1 -800-267-9450. (GA)
FREE CATALOG OF HARDWOOD lum­
ber, plywood, veneers and wood­
workers supplies. Stocking 60 species
of
domestic and exotic lumber. De­
livery anywhere in USA. Call Ap­
palachian Millwork & Lumber today.
(800) 849-9174.
FW,
KD
RARE
HARDWOODS WHOLESALE
PRICES. Black (gabun) ebony low as
$24/bd.
ft.
Striped
(Macassar)
$22.50/bd. ft. Pink ivory lumber,
$ l 1/lb. Lignum vitae, low as $3.75/lb.
cants or lumber. Unfigured snakewood
$3.50/lb. Over 100 rare species in
stock. Finest quality. Best selection.
Guaranteed. (310) 542-3576. Eisen­
brand, Inc., CA.
ATTENTION VA/M D AREA WOOD­
WORKERS.
cherry, walnut, quar­
tersawn sycamore, elm, apple, hickory,
and other domestic hardwoods. lees­
burg, VA. (703) 771-3067.
ICD
ARAN
GU
TEED CLEAR COCO BOLO
squares, lumber, bocote, ebony,
lignum. cirocote. Ebony fingerboard
special. Tropical Timber Corporation.
(503) 621-3633.
CALIFORNIA'S FINEST QUALITY EX­
OTIC figured burlwoods. 30,000
pieces redwood, maple, buckeye,
manzanita, madrone, myrtlewood,
walnut, other burls. Any size/use/guar­
anteed/direct. Established 27 years.
VISA/Me. BURl TREE, Bruce Reming­
ton. 800-785-BURL.
LONGLEAF (HEART) PINE lumber. Re­
sawn from salvaged timbers. Lumber ,
flooring and stair-tread material. Lee
Yelton: (706) 541-1039. (GA)
TURNING BLOCKS, BURLS, AND
CROTCHES -exotic and domestic hard­
woods-write or call for price list.
Wood-Ply Lumber, 100 Bennington
Ave., Dept. F, Freeport, NY 1 1520. (800)
354-9002.
DOMESTIC EXOTICS. Kiln dried Alner­
ican holly 4/4 & 8/4; applewood 4/4
& 8/4. TECH-WOOD, INC. (717) 9338989. cPA)
HARDWOODS CUT TO ORDER. 120
species in stock from �-in. to 4-in.
thick, burls for turners, wood
kits;
$59.95. Veneers, woodworker'S sup­
plies. Colonial Hardwoods, Spring­
field, VA. (800) 466-5451.
10
HOMESTEAD HARDWOODS. Great
domestic selection. 800-241-3770,
(330) 889-3770. Alva Hardwoods, 7307
Rte. 80, Alva, Fl 33920. (94 1 ) 728-2484,
888-894-6229 FL only. No. 1 with ex­
otics in SW Florida.
DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED EX­
OTICS. For musical instruments, pool
cues, knife handles and custom furni­
ture. Price list. Exotic Woods, 1 -800443-9264 (N])
RED CYPRESS, LONGLEAF PINE. Vir­
gin river recovered logs. Very dense
grain. Boards to 40-in. wide, large or
small orders. (318) 868-7061. CFL)
CALIFORNlA BLACK WALNUT & elm.
Highly-figured, crotches, fiddleback.
Wide boards & slabs; lCD/AD sequen­
tially sawn, 4/4, 8/4, 1 2/4. Gilroy, CA
(408) 842-0784.
CHESTNUT SPECIALISTS, INC. An­
tique chestnut, oak and pine lumber
for cabinetry furniture, flooring. Call:
(860) 283-4209.
(CT)
, GIRarLeMER& 5WOOD
03-Woods274-1CO.271
SO
Helens Rd., POftland, OR 97210
& HAN
•
•
•
Exotic
in logs, planks & squares
over
species in stock
also cutlery, turning &
musical instrument woods
22 1 1 NW SI.
WOOD
TOOL EXC
GE
Limited to use by individuals only.
For Sale
ENTIRE COLLECTIO of Fine Wood­
working, issues nos. 50-120. Best offer
over $ 100, plus shipping costs. Call Bill,
Philadelphia area. (215) 348-1325.
Fine Woodworking back issues 9-36,
61-120 and Wood 31-53. All for $350
plus shipping. (304) 496-9371 after 5pm
est.
0vv)
ROBLAND X31 One year old. Large
table, mobility kit, new fence. $3,900.
Scon, 800-203-0023. (CA)
Fine Woodworking 1 -123, $375 plus
shipping. Fine Homebuilding 1 -106,
$375. Plus shipping. (501) 982-9589. (AR)
RIAR
LANK
1,000 B
PIPE B
S , aged 15 yrs.
Call for free sample. Also have misc.
hand carved chair backs & legs. Call for
description. (908) 362-9462. (N])
ANTI
QUE VENEER: domestic $7.50 per
foot; figured and exotic species, $ 1 5$20. Fine reproduction and restoration
veneer. (517) 724-6541. (M!)
SAWHELPERm ULTRAFENCE™Is
RED ELM & SYCAMORE air dried
boards to 12-in. 4/4, 5/4. Call Allan:
(201) 383-1269. (N])
Portable
•
•
Fits all mtter saws, even 15" and Httachl
CaFB compound.
The only portable system that
truly
accurate and sets up on any terrain in 60
s eco
nds-guaranteed.
Steet self-squaring couplers align fences
wtth saw to 11100" accuracy-no other
system has �I
• Flipstop
fence gage has hairline
pointer for extreme accuracy, lever
action, heavy steel construction.
Extension fences fold to extreme com­
pactness and are made of tempered
aluminum and. steel. Folding legs adjust
support framing lumber.
Center stand folds flat, includes quick
release mounting plate for saw.
PA BLACK WALNUT, lyr AID; 20,000
bd/ft, #1 common. 3-in. by 6-in.; 6-10ft,
6-in. by 6-in. in 6-10ft. $.80/bd ft. for lot.
Charles (717) 527-2353 am, messages
(717) 527-2078. cPA)
•
Fine Woodworking 1 - 1 14 (missing 1 1 1 )
plus Desilln Book #1 ( 1977) and FW
Techniques books 1&2. $350. for all
TM
plus shipping. (516) 766-3379. (NY)
HITACHI 13-in. PF-110F Auto-return
wood surfacer w/9 blades. Hitachi,
UA150, Finishing grinder. Hitachi
CB75F band saw. Powermatic Mod. 66,
1O-in saw. Phase-a-Matic R5, phase con­
vener. Best offers considered. Shoji
(415) 364-2818. FAX 415-364-2819 (CA)
•
•
12",
BECAUSE IT DOESN'T PAY
TO OWN SECOND BEST.
LEIGH JIG. 24in. capacity. All manuals.
Good condition. $250. Call Scott (203)
598-0270. (CT)
K\'i!E
LAN
measured from per
ROC
U DELTA UNlP
E. Jointer
for accurately squaring and sizing stock
up to six inches. $600/0BO. George
(617) 843-4124.
Available 5 or 8 ft.
(MA)
Wanted to Buy
PARTS WANTED: table for Powermatic
#141, 14-in. bandsaw; dust hood for
. Delta 6-in. stationary beltsander. (718)
499-2954.
(NY)
Fine Woodworking back issues nos. 4
and 6-19. Call Walt: (301) 662-7038. (MD)
Fine Woodworking Desi n Books 1-4.
Call Dave: (618) 466-0394. (lL)
side
blade.
JIGFENCETM
Stationary Fence System
&
St1.-68102--445491·7143008 *
AMERICAN DESIGN
ENGINEERING INC.
Paul Park,
MN
Bolthaiorrlineciamaccurpa toacybench mounted
s
for
In the shop.
tocls
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 190
March/April 1997
97
2694
HITACHI
$489
C8FB2
8-1/2" Compoun
$1 5 9
$
."...,.
7-1/4" Super
Sawcat With
8rake
Exceed
_
.
0
freud'
MI2V
CB75F
$139
FT-2000E
Pro Framel
3.25 HP
Tool Belt
VS Router
1 0"slide compound 739
CI OFS
PI2RA
12" planer/6" jointerl049
PI2R
12" portableplaner 849
CIOFC 10" cmpnd mitre saw 199
C7BD 7-1/4"circular saw wlbrk 139
DNIODYK
vs 9.6v R.A. drill 159
8080
JSI02 plate jner, c s &adj fnc 149"
JSlOO plate jner, cs & dst bg 139·
94-100 5 pc router cabinet set 169
16g 2-1/2" fnsh nail kt219
3-114 hp vs pI. router 199
resaw bandsaw 2399
h
16g 2" finish na er kit 189
18g 2" finish nail kit 149
251 8gl-1/4" finish nail k� 99
18g1/4" crown stplr k� 99
2 - 3-112" clip hd nailer 329
2 - 3-112" full hd nailer 329
ONailers.
�
- I!C.,.., _
5080
$179*
Mitre Saw
91-1 001 3pc 112" router bit set 189
TR215
8-1/2" slide saw
" "�" "
oy:y lighf pro framer 129
"'R!Ipro Inc.
299"
Handscrew
�
'.
"
,
10" handscrew
12" handscrew
14" handscrew
16" handscrew
24" I-bar clamp
36" I-bar clamp
48" I-bar clamp
I-bar clamp
I
2
3
4
7224
7236
7248
7260
00
2655
$13
8"
60"
14
16
20
26
23
26
28
31
tool triggered vacuum 269
pocket cutter w/case 199
prod. pocket cutter 579
V, �
3x21 vs sander wlbag 165
3x24 sander with bag 214
4x24 sander with bag 219
- 12
& $1 5 9
318" VSR.
Speed Drill Kit
w/Keyless Chuck
2 Bafleries
12v 3/8" dr kit wl2 bat 174
318" VSR 5.5 amp drill 1 1 4
4 112" VSR 5 . 5 amp drill 1 1 9
5 112" VSR 5.5 amp, kylss 124
0-2500 VSR 5.5 amp drvr
.JET
�O;;=::.� �
$139 . ,
'.
$59 T
If $489
'.
$2 9
�
$109
vsr 4.5A drywall driver
743K
$129
I
Jt
$ 2 0 9 . $1 5 9
�
.
$1 49* . ', � $:�274
�
$
7
9
w�.­
$749 E::$184;�:9 "iQ"
r
��
Left Hand 7-1/4 "
",,
15 Amp Saw ,..
w/Case
1 -1/2hp
3 hp hd 2 spd
6"beIVI2"disc san,der'I34Q
12" radial arm
10" radial arm saw
36-220
_ ..
10" Compound
.
Mitre Saw
180
I hp dust collector
314 hp dust collector
52" Delta unifence
30" Delta unifence
plate jointer
499
399
329
249
279
22-675Y
"
15"
belsaw 12" plnr/mldr1499
shaper 3 hp I ph2099
1100 planer/12"l2hp2899
5hp18" pi wlknife gr 5799
6" jointer 3I4hp I phl449
8" jointer 1 .5hp I phl699
6x48 belVl2"disc sdr1399
14" bndsw 3/4hpl phl599
Artisan sa
w/AccuFence
211 64 Artisan w150" fnc 849
oscil. spndle sndr 299
208
209
New 15" planerl329
040
1791051
1791070
1 791200
17911 00
14" floor drill press 379
6" jointer w/stand 549
1-112 hp dust coli 399
6x48belVIO"disc sndr449
6"x89"
sander 649
31-280
Sanding Center
_.
With Stand
It>
10" cabinet saw 1149
1 0" cab w/30" unif 1299
unif 1399
Oust Collector
50-902 5hp3ph eycln collectr 1
50-903 5hp23Ov eycln enllledr??4Q
"Price AHer Mail-In Rebate
Rebates expire 3-31-97
129
144
144
104
249
'"
Xacta Fence
Motor Cover
.,
."
,
JTAS-IOXL50 3hp left tilt saw 1699
JWCS-I OJF 2 hp sw w/Jet fnc 979
JPM-13 13" planer/moulder 799
JWP-12
12" portable planer 394
JWS-18HO Ihp wood shaper 514
10" cmpd saw w/acc.
m�r saw,ct bid & bg
10" compound saw
3/8" hammer drill kit
1/2" hammer drill kit
5397-6
5375-1
649
329
319
144
179
78-935
78-931
78-930
52" homes hop fence 279
40" homeshop fence 259
28" homeshop fence 249
0408-6
12 Volt VSR
w/Jet Fence
159
134
119
169
.
New osc spindle sandr 194
6x48 belV9" disc sndr 379
10" sliding compo 499
JWBS-1 4CSI4"1 hp wd bdaw 579
JWBS-140S14"3I4hp w bdsw 499
JDP-17MF 17"f1 1 6 sp dr pr 429
10" cmpd mtr saw 219
12" bandsaw w/stand 399
12" bench drill press 189
JJ-6CS
6" Long
5 Speed
Plunge Router
12" vs wood lathe 469
routerlshaper 299
1 1 -090 radial drill press w/std 309
14-650
mortising machine 249
14" bandsaw w/stand 639
Bed Jointer
JJ-8CS
71 1 6 New 24"Omni jig & video 309
691 1-1/2 hp D handle router 164
router-shaper table 144
router table w/router 234
7518 3-114 hp 5 speed router 284
7538 3-114 hp plunge router 259
7403
9737PK
$329
wlt2" Left
10" Saw
97310
lamintate
511
New lock installation kit
9345
6" Saw Boss kij
345 6" Saw Boss w/ct blade
9314
4-112" trim saw k�
698
697
• ___
78-900
50" Commercial
JTAS-10X NEW
!
JWTS-1OJF
Router
HP
37-190
6" jointer w/stand 449
36-851 I phase stock feeder 849
36-850 I phase stock feeder 499
32-325 13 spindle boring mach999
36-755
36-751
90690K
1-1/2 HP
BIESEMEYER
.. ,,".OELTA
�
EQUIPMENT ..TOOUi
�
7-1/4 RH saw w/case
843 left hand71/4" saw wlbrk
7-1/4" 1 5 amp saw wlbrk
7310
laminate trimmer
91 18 porta
kit w/ct cuttr
-
Planer
94
79
vs
OC-650
1 HP, 650 CFM
Oust Collector
DC-I 200 2hpl 200cfm collectr 449
DC-I900 3hpl 900 cfm collectr 619
JSG-6 6" belVl2" disc sander 599
tool 69
top hndl jigsaw w/case 144
drywall sander 339
tiger cub w�h case 119
New
1-112 hp plunge router 184
plunge router base 84
112" 2 spd hmr drill kit 159
n£��!!!'!
8" long bed jointer 1189
JWL-1236 12"
wood lathe 569
JWP-15HO 1 5"3hp w planer 1099
JWP-208-1 20",3hp w planer 2049
37-070
6" VS Be
7-1/4" saw w/ct blade 149
I 0-4000vsr screwdriver 99
3/8" keyless angle drill 179
3/8" close quarter drill 149
orbital top hdl jig
S.
159
JOPN-607.2
18 ga 3/8"-1-1/4"
...
Nailer w/Case
JDPN-671.4
16ga stplr w/cs 219
JDPN-6013.2A 18ga stplr w/cs 109
DHC1 5T4 1 -1/2hp pncake cmp 299
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 199
36-230
vs
36-540
2 hp router w/collets 169
right angle drill kit 234
vs
7"
4-112" angle grinder 124
vs 0-1750 polisher 179
12" compo mitre saw 319
Q-3 18" vs scroll saw 479
16"
scroll saw 189
16" 2 speed scroll saw 174
31 -460 4x36 belVdisc sander 139
28-185
bench bandsaw 179
23-700
weVdry grinder 159
1 1 -950
8" bench drill press 129
10" bench saw 179
36-090 10" Sidekick miter saw 249
50-175 kickstnd m�r saw stnd199
34-182
tenoning jig 89
34-976
deluxe uniguard 249
David White
Hours: M-F 7:00-7:00 CST
Saturday 8:00-4:00 CST
s$279a,nw�����
CIDEHFORMAV
'ROIJUCTS_
,INC.A
FUJI $89 �
'IP,
$21 9
LP6-20
Mitre
Stand
20X Sight
-
Level Package
TWC-24
LP6-20XL
16-32 PLUS
16" - 32" Bench
Orum Sander
ML200
. ..
Powerfeed attachment
349
Per-Sn 00 radial saw srfc sndr 349
ProMax III stationary sander 1799
SuperMax-25 25"dual dr sndr 3199
SuperMax37x2 37" dl dr sndr3899
'...J..J..1 ..U.1 ..J
�
sight level pkg. 279
visible beam laser 899
AEL-300
auto laser level1499
LTP6-900
level transit pkg. 399
ALTP6-900 1 8auto Ivl trnst pkg 519
26 x transit 499
LT8-300
LT8300P
26 x opt. transit 569
ALT6-900 18x auto level transt 419
Call
today for our
FREEfull color 10
1..J..1 ..' .1 1...1,,,e.
CALCULATt;U
lNDUSTRIt.S
4045
$69 I
Construction
Master IV
Calculator
79
page catalog, featuring
our most popular sell­
ing tools at the lowest
prices.
1·800·582·6704
ALP6-18HD 18x auto package 399
CAl
CULATED
I!'IlI!liUCU5TRIES
890-11
$29tiC
$58 �
10 Gallon, 2 Stage,
2 HP By-Pass
S. Steel Vac
qual·croft-
2200
Pump Jack
2201
2203
2204
2601
top brace 20
guard rail holder 21
work bench 38
New wall jack 109
Generator
_
EB3500XK1A
EB5000XK1 A
EB6500SXA
3500 watt gen1499
5000 watt gen1929
6500 watt gen2479
5" rndm sander 99
5" elec. mini grinder 139
laminate trimmer 104
offset base laminate trmr 149
heavy duty heat gun 79
EB2500XK1A NEHlf
$1 0 2 9
$659
HIatt
Construction
EW171 AB8
'"
4000 w genlweld2099
EX1000A
1000 HIatt
Generator
�
HITACHI
� ''''
1 -3/4 hp router 144
1604AKX 1 -3/4hp router wlcs 159
1 606
1.75 D-handle router 189
1 003VSR 3/8" keylss 0-1 1 00 drl94
1 404VSR 0-4000 drywall driver 94
$389 .
1 8 0 0 31 -58
80 -5823-67096
04 ( 4 8
NR83A
Full Head
Stick Nailer
NR83AA clipped head stick nlr
NV83A
full head coil nailer
coil roofing nailer
5/8"to 2" hd stapler
379
449
399
339
To Order or lor Technical Support, call Toll Free (US or Canada)
-
-
FWW
Mar./Apr. '97
••
801 1 4040 ' Grand Forts, NO ' 58208-4040
FULL LINE DISTRIBUTOR
DW991 K-2 14.4v3/8"drl k1
DW991KS-2 14.4v saw/dril
DW994KQ 1 4.4v 1/2"15m
i
DW972K-2 1 2v 3/8"dr kiV2b 184
DW952K-2 9.6v 3/8"dr kiV2b 139
1 1 304 Brute breaker hammer1249
1 1 305 demolition hmr 10 amp 749
1 1 220EVS 1 -1/2" spline hmr 499
1 1 219EVS 1-1/2" spline w/stop569
1 1 94VSRK 1/2" hmr drill wlcs 1 59
��
$5.0 1 -80:
�:4205 )
ttlil llAl. reserve the 10
FAX US YOUR ORDER!
Catalog Requests
.123
Rotary Hammer
MOST PORTABLE TOOLS
SHIPPED FED-EX
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-
••
•Any compinlili. National ad In
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right
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sm''1I.!i!Mlal
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••
verify
FACTORY AUTHORIZED SERVICE
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 199
••
'1
Our Web Sile al http:/
.loolcribonhenorth.com
ERRORS AND PRICES SUBJECT TO CHANGE
••
Tool Forum
Jet 13-in.
Planer/Molder
I own an Arts-and-Crafts-era home that
had suffered from a frenzy of remodeling
in the 1950s. The previous owners had
torn out much of the handsome oak cor­
nice trim above the interior door and win­
dow casings. When I decided to restore
the house, replacing that molding was a
priority. Because it was no longer avail­
able, I had two options: Pay someone a lot
of money to make custom molding or buy
a tool to do it myself.
I decided to buy a machine, the Jet 13-in.
Planer/Molder (see the photo at light). At
800, it turned out to be a cost-effective
way to make 700 l i neal feet of red oak
crown molding for myself and neighbors,
who were also restoring their homes.
This Taiwan-made machine is a recent
entry into the market. Instructions on as­
sembly and use of the machine are pro­
vided by an excellent illustrated manual
and a videocassette. The machine's main
components are a cast-aluminum top sec­
tion, cast-iron bed and base, and formed
steel sides. The cutterhead has three slots
for mounting planer or molding knives. A
set of 13-in. high-speed-steel planer knives
are furnished, secured with gibs.
When planing, stock travels on a bed
that is guided by four vertical rods and
supported by two screws, one on each
side, attached to a crank. Depth of cut is
adjusted by this crank. Infeed and outfeed
roller pressure can be adjusted for planing
and molding. Greater pressure is used for
ru
nnin
g molding. If you want a dust chute,
it costs extra. I consider it a necessity. Cut­
ting molding creates a lot of sawdust.
A nov, single-phase, 1 1/z-hp induction
motor, mounted below, drives the unit
with double V-belts. The feed rate has two
speeds: 10 ft. per minute (fpm) for mold­
ing and 20 fpm for planing. I planed some
lO-in.-wide oak boards and found the
quality of cut acceptable. There was just a
hint of a snipe at the ends. For fine work,
plan to do some finish-sanding.
Setting the planer knives is tricky and
time-consuming, but I was able to accom­
plish it myself. One nice feature about this
machine is that molding knives, which
are less than 2 in. wide, can be mounted
in the center of the cutterhead without
1 00
Fine Woodworking
Custom crown molding-The author used aJet 13-in. Planer/Molder to make 700ft.
of oak molding while restoring his home.
Photos this page: James Polaski
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ER SERVICE NO. 91
March/Apri1 1997
101
Tool Forum
(COlitiIlUe(f)
removing the planer knives.
I ground my own knives from high­
Delta's Boss sander has plenty of power
speed-steel planer stock to match the orig­
inal crown molding in my house (see the
inset photo on p. 100). My run of 2 1/2-in.­
wide red oak crown molding required cut­
ting a back profile and then an intricate
front profile.
There was some minor tearout in a few
pieces due to wild grain and knots; other­
wise, the machine performed well, and I'm
satisfied with the results. -Edward Koizumi
Particleboard made
of wheat straw
Particleboard and medium-density fiber­
board (MDF) are industry-accepted main­
stays for cabinet construction, but I don't
like them because they are heavy and
when worked, emit fumes and dust that I
find noxious. Some of these drawbacks ap­
pear to have been eliminated from Wheat­
Board (see the photo below).
WheatBoard, an industrial-grade parti­
cleboard, is 5% to 10% lighter than its
wood-pulp counterpart and is made from
Delta 's oscillating spindle sander-The Boss sander and optional kit of different­
sized spindles and throat-plate inserts.
wheat straw. The adhesive, an isocyanate
glue, used to bind the fiber is nontoxic and
I was pleased when I first turned on the
I frequently cut out curved parts for fur­
emission-free once cured.
Delta Boss (Bench Oscillating Spindle
niture that require sanding to scribed lines.
The oscillating sander is more aggressive,
Although machining WheatBoard raises
Sander). Motor noise was minimal and vi­
a lot of typically super-fine particleboard
bration was almost nonexistent. Delta in­
less likely to burn and has more capacity
dust, there were no eye-watering, nose­
troduced the Boss in March of 1996,
than tl1e drill-press sanding drum I was
searing formaldehyde fumes. In fact, after
several years after other manufacturers
using. Once I got used to tl1e veltical trav­
several cuts, my shop stalted to smell a bit
had already unveiled similar machines.
el, I found it easy to sand up to tl1e line.
The Boss (see the photo above) has an
I also thickness-sand pieces for repair
18-in.-dia. cast-iron table and a direct-drive
pans and splines. Because tllere's good ac­
upper Midwest. The company plans to ex­
1/4-hp motor with a 1/2-in. shaft. Spindle
cess all around the table, it is easy to clamp
pand distribution nationally. For more in­
speed is 1,725 rpm witl1 60 strokes oP/8 in.
down a tall fence and hand-feed stock
formation, call or write United Board
per minute. There is an effective sanding
through the sander. The first pass leaves
Group, 2 1 1 1
. 3M Drive, Wahpeton, ND
height of 4 1/4 in., the length of the sandpa­
ridges from tile OSCillation, but a second
58075; (701) 642-9700. -RolandJohnson
per sleeves. Oscillation is achieved using a
pass eliminates most of them.
like my uncle's hayloft.
WheatBoard is currently available in the
shaft-mounted gear set (steel and plastic)
The accessory kit, which includes addi­
to drive a dual, cam-link arm assembly.
tional spindles, throat-plate inserts and
The vertical motion is guided by two steel
holders, sells for about $50 to
shafts, one full-length with bronze bush­
counted. I think it's a bit pricey, but it's a kit
ings and a shorter one with adjusting
that I wouldn't do without. The Boss can
screws to eliminate slop. Every pivot point
be purchased for about $200.
runs in a bronze bushing.
60, dis­
-Charles Ramberg
I could not bog down the sander with
heavy pressure, even when I was sanding
3 1/2-in.-thick teak. Spindle changing is
quick and easy. All you do is remove the
Smells like hay- Wheatboard, a parti­
cleboard substitute, is made of wheat.
1 02
Fine Woodworking
bolt on the top of the spindle shaft and
slide the sanding sleeve on and off.
Edward Koizumi is a model maker in
Oak Pat'k, Ill. Roland Johnson restoTes
and builds fUTnituTe in St. Cloud, Minn.
Charles Ramberg builds custom furni­
ture in Charleston,
S.C.
Top photo: Charles Ramberg; bottom photo: Anatole Burkin
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Gall or write for free
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 64
broch
ure
mfrs of
Horton Brasses Inc.
Q•. I
MIRROR SMOOTH FINISHES
I
mulated to fill scratches, knicks or nail holes.
Generally, the time and effort spent using
have been told furniture
WoodPertecpM is repaid by reducing the num·
am building a mahogany table.
would like to achieve an ultra smooth
I
ChB.arSclottheoeHanbla, uMDer,
factory·like finish.
ber of coats of clear finish required to
attain a mirror smooth finish. It will
also reduce the amount of sanding
manufacturers and restorers
use paste
wood filler to get
such a finish.
wood
filler
applied?
A.
.
antique reproduction
bed hardware
What is paste
and
how
is
required between coats. Sand the
surface as required, then apply Wood
it
PertectTM in a circular motion with a
plastic blade over the wood surface.
Scrape off any excess and allow the
surface to dry for at least
minutes
20
Wood Kote manufactures
a paste grain filler called
or until it turns dull. Then nub the sur·
face with a coarse cloth against the
WoodPertecpM so the consumer
direction of the grain.
will not confuse it with a wood
Clean with a
patch. Paste grain (or wood) fillers are used to
fill the pores in the grain of "open" woods such
soft cloth leaving filler only in the pores. Allow
the surface to dry for at least
hours before
as walnut, oak and mahogany. They are not for·
applying a top coat.
24
Have a staining or finishing
question? Ask Wood'Kotel
Please write to Dept.
P.O. Box 17192
"The Professional
Q.
Woodworker's
Portland, OR 972 1 7
or Fax to (503) 285-8374
www
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PO
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READER SERVICE
O. 802
March/April 1997
103
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7
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20%788-7111
OFF (listed items)
SUPER
SPRING
COMBO
SALE
CHOPMASTER FOR
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ORKER II - 6"-7&�- to 14"
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W!!!!DW!!I\KEI\I! !ill
Fine Woodworking Magazine test Oct 96 page 43
5
20%. I
GOOD ON All FORREST OR OTHER MAKES OF CAR B ID E
BLADES O R DADO SETS, COUPONS EXPIRE
BUY 1 BLADE OR DADO AT
SLIDING COMPOUNDS
& MITER SAWS
New specs, 50 Neg. Pis. & flat, runs
out less than .002 for perfect, tight,
smooth, splinter-free miter jOints.
Call
1CT0OA%MBKE-2OEX0S%TRAAOLEFF!
!ill SALE
Delta Sidekick 6-112'x40Tx5/8'
Sears 8-1/4' & Delta 8-1/4'x60Tx5/8'
Hitachi 8-1/2'x60Tx5/8'
DeWalt 8-1/2' & Ryobi 8-1/2'x60Tx5/8'
Delta 9'x80Tx5/8'
Ryobf-Makita & all l 0'x80Tx5/8'
DeWalt, Makita, B&D, Hitachi 1 2'x80Txl'
Ryobf-Makita 14'xl00Txl'
$149
$170
$179
$179
$204
$207
$229
$266
Hitachi 1 5'xl00Txl'
$277
$ 89
$ 99
$109
$109
$1 1 9
$129
$139
$179
$189
•
••
•
•
DOUBLE HARD and 40%
STRONGER C-4 CARBIDE
Ends blade changing
Ends scratchy saw cuts
Ends second·step finishing
1-114'
Ends cutting 1I16' oversize
allow for RESURfACING
, BUY AND SHARPEN
BLADE INSIDD DF
r at TIme
SALE
7'1,," - 14"
1 4'X40TX1'
$215
14'X30TXI'
5195
1 2'X40TX1'
$183
1 2'X30TXI'
$162
$149
$139
$129
$1 1 9
$1 1 9
$ 99
$109
$ 99
$ 99
$ 99
$ 89
$ 69
$ 89
1 0'X40TXl/S' or 3/32' $156
30T liS' or 3/32' $135
For TABLE and RADIAL SAW
9'X40T
$146
30T
$125
$136
This trim and crosscut ALL PURPOSE blade gives scratch-free
polished cuts on all materials RIP or CROSSCUT UP TO 2',
ALL 60T AND 3/32' THIN KERF 30' ATB and 5' face hook on
10' diameter and under. 12' and 14' are 200 AlB 1/8'K.
DOUBLE HARDER and 40% STRON�ER carflide.
THIN KERF: Saves 1/3 wood loss on each cut, radial or table.
Feeds easy when used for moderate rip and crosscut on table
saw. Reduces 'JUMP IN' for better 'PULL CONTROL'
Pra
lly eliminates bottom splinter on RADiAl CROSSCUT.
Totally stops All bottom and top splinter on ply veneers in
push-cut mode on RADIAL
Our STiffENER STRONGLY RECOMMENDED AGAINST
outside blade for best cuts. Made and serviced in U.S.A. for
your benefit.
SALE
$136
$1 1 5
$1 1 2
" 6'x40T 3132'
$136
10%
$134
$125
$1 16
$107
$107
$ 89
$ 98
$ 89
$ 89
$ 89
$ 80
$ 62
$ 80
20%
$119
$1 1 1
$103
$ 95
$ 95
$ 79
$ 87
$ 79
$ 79
$ 79
$ 71
$ 55
$ 71
ctica
1 4'x60Txl ' 1/8'K
1 2'x60Txl' or 5/S' 1/8'K
1 0'x60Tx5/8' 3/32'K
9'x60Tx5/8' 3/32'K
8'x60Tx5/S' 3/32'K
$224
$198
$162
$156
$150
NEW!
8-1/4'x60Tx5/S' 3132'K
7-1/4'x60Tx5/8' 3132'K
RYOBI RA200
SEARS TS200
MAKITA 500B NBA
HITACHI PSM8
PORTER CABLE 368-1
Our $79 - $89 30T 40T
OUTPERFORMED (E-EXCELLENT)
23 other 40T and SOT premium
blades both foreign and domestic
on Ply, Melamine, MDF and OaklRip!
After installing your blade and
in.
stiffener the vibration in my saw went
down another
ran several
pieces of hardwood through the saw,
both crosscut and ripping, and was
amazed at the smoothness. It was like
cutting butter, maybe smoother, I have
never had a saw blade that cut this
smooth,
Rick Price
NEW
DELUXE DADO-KING
A S LOW AS 5184 NET
•
!ill
ory
nical
one ALL PURPOSE blade you can RIP CROSSCUT
ROCKHARDS and SOFTWOODS resultin in a SMOOTH AS
surlace. PLY-VENEERS of OAK and BIRCH will crosscut
NO BOnOM SPLINTER at moderate feed rates.
For good general purpose cuts use Woodworker II 30T &
40T or Woodworker I. Use small stiffener where possible.
-
IEQUAL OR LESSER VALUE)
DADO AS SECOND CHOICE
NEW SIZES AVAILABLE
WOODWORKER I
SALE PRICE. OR
BUY 2ND BLADE AT
ONE BLADE THAT
A SMOOTH-AS­
SURFACE!
$159
$139
$129
$1 1 9
$109
,..&611:..:. .
tsahftaerpouensing 6' DD. . !.§!$3 .sA!..f m 1M.
cCARBI11IoYuAFORRESTDEonBLADEs up TOOAYI
save another
S45 S90
$150
$150
AFTER USING SHARPENING COUPONS
C-4 Carbide Tips-4 on each chipper with
special negative face hooks,
5/S' Bore NEW
S' D. 5/S' Bore
10'
$299
$269
$321
$289
S9
$349
$499
$449
5/8' & l' Bore
1 2' D. l' Bore
(Bore
to H/4' Add $25
$242
$260
$314
$404
$229
$245
$297
$382
Plus $5.50 S&H)
BLADE DAMPENERS-STIF ENERS
oo
• 7" 6"
BmfZ
USINES OPEN AC .OUNTSAV__AlWLE
CSAFiAneT,ISFAmeOOml,ANCJTI,ONY,GPIIARAI
ARmesidentsaking&ITEED PleaseOsharpeni
AdCASHdSalesng RETFaUxND,
R
F
U
U
INC 461 RIVER ROAD, CLIFTON, NJ 07014 DWERFAIXNQU(2IR0IE1S)WE47LC1O-M3E3
FORREST MANUFACTURING COMPANY, (800,
&
DURALINE HI-AfT FOR TABLE RADIAL SAWS
5/8' HOLES. Boring up to 1-1/4' $7.50 extra.
ALL FLAT FACE Larger holes-time basis. Shipping $4.50.
leed rates & absolute splinter control. Stops splinlering on OAK/BIRCH PLY VENEERS & MELAMINE.
SIZES AVAlLA8LE
!ill
SALE
7-1/4'x60Tx3132' K
$149
S'xSOTxI/8' & 3132' K
$202
$129
$169
$179
$159
$181
9'xSOTxl/S' & 3132' K
$207
1 0'x80Txl/S' & 3132' K
5207
1 2'x80Tx1-1/8'K
$212
Standard C·2 Carbide (below, left) and
FORREST still sharp Oxidation and Corrosion
Resistant Sub·Micron C·4 Carbide (below,
right). Each shown after cutting 3,500 feet of
MOF. Similar results obtained cutting particle
board, melamine, and plywood.
!ill SALE
$253
14'x80Txl'
$232
14'xl00Txl'
$266
1 6'x80Txl'
$262
1 6'xl00Txl'
$294
$215
$197
$226
$223
$243
Above l' bore standard.
IS
ER SERVICE NO. 10
1 04
Fine Woodworking
Parallel and flat to
Stop vibration, flutter, cutting nOise, and blade ring
Tryable and returnable for full cash refund.
FULL RANGE OF OTHER INDUSTRIAL SIZES
733-71 1 1
READ
.001
4" . .... $21
5" . .. .. $24
.... . $25
REDUCES NOISE 50%-75%
••
•
AND LARGER AVAILABLE
CARBIDE THE HARDEST OF THE
GRADES AND 40% STRONGER, NOT WEAKER!
• •
FOR BmER CUTS on all brands of blades, use our large 1/8'
DAMPENERS-STIFFENERS against one side.
saw
•
silKe 1 946,
BRIwithECONOMY
D1lEGAGEWOOI)®TS
C
1
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COMPANY
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Cast iron extension wings ' Magnetic starter
• Quick release plug connection ' 4- Dust collection hook-up
• Beveled front table edge for smooth miter gauge operation
••
•
•
Blade diameter: 1 0" Arbor dia: 5/8" Arbor tilt: 0 to 45·
Blade speed: 4500 RPM · Max. depth of cut at 90· : 3 1/4'
• Table size: 27" x 40"
• USA Motor:
*
•
1/2 HP,
1
Table height: 36
I
I
1 2"
BW-JOIBRINT6EDJRGLEWONGOOD*BED
o
Sh wn with
VEGA- U·26
Fence System
Two blade speeds
Cast aluminum
wheels with rubber
tires
Non-rocking steel
floor stand
$329.00
Other fences
available­
prices vary
STANDARD MODEL WITH STAND,
MOTOR AND CENTER MOUNT FENCE
SHVOISWRIT OUOOM:R
Miter gauge
SPECIFICATIONS:
Fence tilts to 45°
Two positive stops
••
••
••
•
•
One block west of
1-83 exit 1 1
Hours:
Monday through
Thursday
8 am-5 pm
Friday 8 am-7 pm
Saturday
9 am-noon.
Table size: 6" x 45 1 /2"
Max. cuUing width: 6�
Max cutting depth : 1/2"
Rabbeting capacity: 1/2" x 6"
• Cutterhead: 4500 RPM x 3 knife
Fence size: 4" x 28"
• Working height 32"
Motor: 1 HP single phase
EW
VERneAL BAN
BRIDG
OO.,.
BW-15BS
DSAW
=-::-:-:-:",.,-,
$325.00
SPECIFICATIONS: Wheel size: 14 7/S" x l l /S" width
Blade speeds: 2,000 or 2,600 SFM · Table size: 14" x 14"
Max. depth of cut: 6" Max width of cut: 1 4 3/4"
Table tilt: -10· to 45· · Motor: 3/4 HP, single phase, 1 1 5V
Blade length: 9S" Overall height 65".
••
••
TO RECEIVE A CATALOG FAST. SEND $2.00 TO:
WILKE
3FOR2TECHNI
30 SuMACHINERY
sCqALuehSERVIan a TrCEaCALil. YorL:k1. -P7A1COM
17-776440-520 0PANY TO ORDER, PHONE TOLL FREE: 1·800·235·2100
Something
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•
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 657
TOLL FREE 800·662·0004
9862
NNEWEW
BOSCH
12V Cordless Drill Kit 2 Batt
Charger and Case ............................... $ 1 89
556 Plate Joiner ..................................$ 1 3 5
347 7 1 /4 Orcular Saw KL ..............$128
7539 3-1/4HP Plunge Router .........$275
9444 Profile Sander Kit " .. " ..............$1 1 5
97366 6" RIO Sander Kit ..................$ 1 44
BN 1 2 5 1 8ga Brad nailer Kit .. ............... $89
BN2001 8ga Brad nailer Kit .. ............ ,$139
0A25O 1 5ga Rnish nailer" ................$229
FR350
NEW
Full Round Head Framing
Nailer ............... """ ...... "." .. " ..... ,, .........$299
SENCD·
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AP1 2 1 2-5/16' Surface Planer........ $399
AT220T 2x2 4 gal. PJr Compressor. ...... $285
3310K 12V 3/8" T-Handle Drill "".......... $ 1 76
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1 634VSRK
.. Recripro Saw"."." ....... $ 1 59
84050 In line &ip Jig Saw .. """""""" .. ".$l 1 3
B7001 VS Comer Detail Sander ........"".,,' $89
B39 1 5
.. 10' Sliding Compound Mler
Saw""" ............. ".. "." .... "." .."... "." .... "",,,,$589
SFNI Rnish Nailer 1 '-2' Nails ..... """ .... $309
SFN40 Finish Nailer .........." ................... " $380
EAGLE AMERIDEWALTC621A
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tion. All mounting hardware and instructions are
included. Made in USA. Patent pending.
Dealer inquiries invited.
TSS200 8-1 /2"Sliding r-'iter Saw "",,$399
l 003VSR 3/8" Drill ... " ............""..""."" ..... $95
3054VSRK 12V 3/8" Cordless DriII.." .. ",$176
SN65 Framing Nailer ...........".................. $465
EXTENSION
..................................... " .."" ... " .. " ... "." ... $1 .399
.. . . ... . ... . ..... . .. . ..........
JWTS-1
FX
10" Table Saw ,.;th
JPM- 1 3 Planer Molder "" .... ".... " ............ , $799
32700 3x21 Be� Sander"""""""",, ....... $165
SN60 Framing Nailer ........" ........ " ........... $449
. ..
1 584VSK Jig Saw w/case " ..................... ,,$149
1 2760VS 4x24 Belt Sander ............. """,$225
SN325+ Framing Nailer."."" ......... " ....... $419
.
XACTA 52" Fence.ex!. ";ngs and legs .... $789
37270VS 6" RIO Sander"""""""",, ....... $ 1 49
Duty
Stapler ...................... $365
.
1 608KX Deluxe Installers Kit ... ... "".""",,$225
37250VS 5" RIO Sander .................... ".,,$144
SN70 Framing Nailer 2'-3-1 /2' ".. " ...... , $449
.
SYSTEM. FREE TABLE ANO
1 587VSK Top Handle Jig Saw w/case ",,$149
SLP20 Brad Nailer 5/8'-1-5/8" ............. $275
New height adjustment knob
for the DEWalt DW621 exclusively
from
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1 6 1 3EVS 2HP Plunge Router"""""""",$194
1 608U Underscribe Trimmer""".""." ..... $ 1 39
693 1 - 1 /2HP Plunge Router.............$169
'TOOLS
JTAS 1 0 Ti�ing Arbor Saw WI XACTA FENCE
1 608 Laminate Trimmer ....................... "" $98
352VS 3x21 Belt Sander .................. ,$165
690 1 - 1 /2 HP Router ......................... $ 1 39
.J
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HTCMobileBase. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $85
JWfS-l OJF 1 0 " Table Saw........................ $569
1 604A 1 -3/4hp Router .... " ...................... $ 1 39
1 6 1 5EVS 3-1 /4HP Plunge Router.""".,,$285
333 RIO Sander .................................... $73
340 1 14 Sheet Rnish Sander .............. $52
0
1657 7-1/4 Orcular Saw wlbrake """",,$134
1 4,4V Cordless Drill K� 2 Batt
73 1 0 Laminate Trimmer ...................... $94
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SC1 62VS Scroll Saw"."""" ... """""", $165
0SS45O Spindle Sander ..""""",, ...... $1 59
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 103
DC-55O Oust Collector.............................. $229
DC 1200 Oust Collector"......" .. "" .. """,, .. $449
JWl054 Oust Collector ACC Kit ... ................$25
JWl 055 Oust Collector ACC
" ........... " .... $76
JWBS1 4CS 14" Band Saw ........................ $569
.. .
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JMA-581 Mortising Attachment ..""." ......... $34
#400-0820
Li t $40.00)
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6" Joiner .........." ... "" ....................... $449
..... ... .
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. . ..
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0241SK 18ga Brad Nailer
............ ...... $95
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READ
ER SERVICE
�
..
O. 1 10
March/April 1997
1 05
The Woodwright's Apprentice by Roy
University ofNorth Carolina
Press, P. 0. Box 2288, Chapel Hill, NC
27515 (800-848-6224); 1996. $29.95,
hardback; 208 pp.
Underhill.
All in all, this is an interesting book even
if you're not a die-hard Underhill fan.
-Mario Rodriguez
Cambium Press/Lyons
Burford, 31
21st St., New York,
10010 (212-620-9580); 1995. $19.95,
paperback; 1 76pp.
W.
NY
I WOODWORKING
'
r
Jo the Serious
BegInner
�
�
Pnfflt'in CAMbiUM&
Philpolt·Jonn PaulL MeC/uri'
drives a BMW, has central heating in
personifying an age past, it's hard to see
Underhill is a model of self-reliance. He
needs only a few traditional hand tools
and a log from his backyard to make
almost any useful household item quickly
and easily. His latest book is a collection
of 20 furniture projects. They range in
usefulness and interest and include the
simple dovetailed stacking bookcases that
Thomas Jefferson used, a revolving
Windsor chair, a bellows and even a
gunpowder shovel.
The many tool marks and tearouts on
Underhill's work are evidence of his
casual, but frantic style. And he doesn't
explore the construction process in any
great detail, assuming familiarity with
techniques covered on his television
show or in earlier books.
Underhill's style is an alternative to fast
and furious power tool woodworking. He
invites us to find pleasure in drilling peg
holes with a brace and bit and to learn a
little about the historical background
of each piece. It's an uncommon attitude
toward woodworking, but it has
tremendous appeal.
1 06
Fine Woodworking
-David Mukamal Camp
Tools of the Trade by Jeff Taylor.
Chronicle Books, 2 75 Fifth St., San
Francisco,
94103 (800-722-665 7);
1996. $25, hardback; 1 76 pp.
CA
Tools of the Trade is a superbly
entertaining book about the uncommon
satisfactions that come with a life of
making useful things by hand. Jeff
Taylor captures and puts to words the
reasons why really bright and talented
people go into the building trades, and
not into law school.
Taylor is a deft storyteller. Every chapter
in this book is a brilliantly funny anecdote
about a tool he has collected, the
carpenters he has known and the events
that connect them. For example, from the
number of accidents with ladders Taylor
has witnessed, we gather that they are
dangerous tools demanding respect.
his house and wrote this book on a
him in any other way.
Perhaps this Slin1 volume could become
Woodworking for the Serious
Beginner by Pamela Philpott-Jones and
&
word processor. But he is so good at
good to hear more from these two.
the first of a series.
Paul L. McClure.
I wouldn't be surprised if Roy Underhill
The format works so well that it would be
However, his caution and sympathy
Woodworkingfor the Serious Beginner
has a clever premise. It's written by a
novice and her teacher, each writing in
his or her own voice, and giving two
perspectives on each subject. The book
covers the elementalY questions that a
beginning woodworker would have,
ones that might not occur to the expert
were he writing the book on his own.
They cover how to set up a shop, what
to buy and what to make, and a few first
projects that require joinery no harder
than dadoes and rabbets. Throughout the
book, the authors give frank opinions and
definite, no-nonsense advice. Their
discussion of tablesaw guards is the most
honest I've seen anywhere.
Occasionally, though, I found them to
be too didactic: Philpott-Jones insists that
"the steel blade that comes with any new
tablesaw is wOlthiess. Remove it at once."
However, I have found that my steel
blade has an easier time ripping through
thick, wet softwoods than my carbide
rip blade does.
But if I have any real complaint about
the book, it's that it ends too soon. They
get you all set up and ready to go; then
suddenly, you're looking at the index.
have their limits: "One would think that
no sane being would ever stand on the
folding paint-tray shelf found on some
stepladders; but yes, they do. This is
evolution at work. We should not
interfere with these people and their
destiny." I have been tempted by the paint
tray on occasion. Next time I am, I will
probably laugh aloud. Such gems of wit
and wisdom are rare in books about the
building trades. There are many of them,
and they put Taylor at the doorstep of
truly memorable writing.
At times, Taylor abandons his sharp wit
for mush, searching to express the
ineffable. His sentiments about "the
meaning of tools, the aura of them"
describe little and fail to inspire me. But
these minor blemishes should not keep
anyone from picking up the book or
from thoroughly enjoying it.
-Strother Purdy
Mario Rodriguez teaches woodworking
in Warwick, NY., and is a contributing
editor to
FWW
. David Mukamal Camp
is a custom furnituremaker in La
Cienega, NM. Strother Purdy is an
assistant editor of FWW
.
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• Model 315:
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Powerful 3 hp motor
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hp,
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7334: O r a l Sander: $121
7335: O rb. Sander: $131
7519: Ro e $243
Router
7539: Router: $278
7549: VS jigsaw.
9118: Plane
9627: Rec. Saw:
97310: La m Trim i
Sander:
332: Orbital Sander: $75
Orbital Sander:
351: Sander:
360· Sander: $213
361: Sander:
362: Sander: $218
363: Sander. $213
505:
555: Plate Jointer: $138
.
630: Router.
Router.
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Cordless drill: $163
935 VS Sander KitSI68
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Router colle
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Cast iron tabl
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March/April
1 07
RKI
FROM THE PUBLISHERS OF FINE WOODWO
NG . . .
Protect Your Back Issues
Classic workshop
references . . .
SLIPCASES FOR YOUR BACK ISSUES.
in
call
The Toolbox Book by Jim Tolpin
Discover practical advice on how to develop a tool storage
system. Author Jim Tolpin guides you through creating a
storage system best suited to your needs- from planning,
through selection of materials, construction and finishing.
See how to design and build tool storage boxes, cabinets and
totes and find expert advice to organize your tools for
efficient work flow. Includes precise, measured drawings and
full-color examples of beau
y crafted boxes.
tifull
HARD
COVER, 20S PAGES, ISBN: 1-5615S-092-9, ITEM 070222,
Solve the common problems in your workshop such as
storage for tools, lumber and supplies; heat, light and
electricity; where to put benches and machines; dust
collection and more. Create your own woodworking
sanctuary in whatever space you can afford.
COVER, 224 PAGES, ISBN: 0-94239 1 -37-3, ITEM 070094, $34.95
The Workbench Book by Scott Landis
Build a workbench or improve the one you have. Examine
benches for all kinds of woodworking from a traditional
Shaker bench to a mass-produced Workmate®. Detailed
photos and illustrations show you how each bench works
and lead you through the tough parts of its construction.
HARD
FWW
$34.95
The Workshop Book by Scott Landis
HARD
Bound in blue and embossed gold, each case
holds at least 6 issues of Fine Woodworking (a
year's worth), and costs $8.95 ($24.95 for 3,
$45.95 for 6). Add $ 1 .50 per case for postage
and handling. Outside the U.S., add $3.50 each
(U.S. funds, only). PA residents add 7% sales
tax. Send your order and payment to the
address below, or
toll free, 1 -800-825-6690,
and use your credit card (minimum $15). Let
us know if your order is for issues 1 - 1 16 or 1 1 7
and later. Jesse Jones Ind., Dept. 95
, 499
E. Erie Ave., Philadelphia, PA 1 9134 (No P.O.
boxes please).
VALCUSCLAHYING MYRA
MI
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GRAY
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SFAIBNDRER A BROWNLE BOBWOODTROTMAN
MARCH:••14:••••.
- APRI L•26=�
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25 SAGAMORE RD. ' WORCESTER, MA 01605 (508) 753-8183
.
COVER, 256 PAGES, ISBN: 0-9ISS04-76-0, ITEM 070061 , $34.95
ARL
SAVE NE
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ONLY $89.95, ITEM 07A259
1-800-888-8286 and ask
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Taunton
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of 18th
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Projects · Make a Shaker Table '
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a
ER SERVICE NO. 1 17
March/April 1997
1 09
Events
Listings ofgallery shows, major woodworkingfairs,
lectures, workshops and exhibitions are free but
are restricted to happen ings of direct interest to
woodworkers. Only workshops spons01'ed by not­
for-profit groups are lsted.
i
We list events (induding
entry deadlines for future juried shows) that are
current with the timeperiod indicated on the cover
of the magazine, with overlap when space permits.
We go to press three months before the issue date of
the magazine and must be notified well in ad­
vance. For example, the deadline for events to be
held in March or AP1'il is January for July and
A ugust, it's May and so on.
1;
1,
ALABAMA:
Meetings-The Alabama Woodworkers
Guild meets the second Thursday of each month at 7:00
p.m. at Acton Moulding & Supply Co., Helena. For info,
ILLIN
Woodworking Shows, 1516 S. Pontius Ave., Los Angeles, CA
90025. (310) 477-8521.
MeetingS-FOX Valley Woodworkers Club meets at 7:30
p.m. on the first Tuesday of every month in Batavia. For
NORTH
more information, call (708) 469-9517.
NTU
MAINE: etin
MARYLAND:
CKY: Meetings-Kyana Woodcrafters meets the
first Thursday of each month. Bethel United Church of Christ,
KE
4004 Shelbyville Road, Louisville, 40207. (502) 426-2991.
gs-G
Me
uild of Maine Woodworkers meets
the first Wednesday of every month. Call (800) 805-5100.
Show-Columbia art and craft show, June
27-29. Columbia Art Center, 6100 Foreland Garth, Long
Reach Village, Columbia. For more info, contact Rebecca
Bafford at (410) 730-0075.
Show-Second annual woodworking show presented by
the Galleries at Savage Mill and Historic Savage Mill Foun­
contact Steve Onisick at (205) 942-8075.
ALA etin
ARKAN
SKA: Me
gs-Alaska Creative Woodworkers As­
sociation meets at 7:00 p.m. on the fourth Monday of each
month at the Anchorage Museum. (907) 345-3077.
dation, April 8-May 10. Deadline: March 15. For prospectus,
send SASE to Joan Bevelqua, Mill Box 2007, Savage Mill,
Savage, 20763. (301) 490-0187.
SAS: Meetings-Woodworker's Association of
Arkansas meets the first Monday of each month at 7:00
MA
SSACHUSE
: Classes-Woodworking classes,
most of the year. Contact Boston Center for Adult Educa­
tion, 5 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, 021 16. (617) 267-4430.
Workshops-Joinery, cabinetmaking, more. Hancock Shak­
er Village, Box 927, Route 20, PittSfield, 01202. (413) 447-9357.
Classes-Year-round intensives in woodworking and wood
carving. Horizons New England Craft Program, 108 . Main
St., Sunderland, 01375. (413) 665-0300.
Workshops-Woodworking with Bob Trotman, April 12-13.
Worcester Center for Crafts, 25 Sagamore Road, Worcester.
(508) 753-8183.
Workshops-Classes in woodworking held year-round.
orth Bennet Street School, 39 North Bennet St., Boston,
02113. (617) 227-0155.
p.m.; Central Arkansas Woodcarvers meets the second
Tuesday at 7:00 p.m. and the fourth Tuesday at 6:30 p.m.
J.T. Shannon Lumber Co., Woodworkers Center, 6200 Sears
Drive, Little Rock, 72209. (501) 565-1510.
etin
ALIF
Me
gs-Ozark Woodturners meets the third Saturday of
each month in MOllntain Home. For more information, call
Michael Kornblum at (501) 424-5893.
ctur
ORNIA: Le
es-"New Discoveries in Shaker
Paints and Varnishes" by Susan L. Buck, March 1 1 ; "Leon
Marcotte: New York Cabinetmaker and Interior Decorator"
C
Arts
by ina C. Gray, April 8. American Decorative
Forum,
M.H. de Young Museum, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco.
For more information, contact Carol Fox at (415) 387-0905
or Pat ewman at (415) 499-0701
5820 S. Park Ave., Hamburg, 14075. For info, contact The
OIS: Classes-Ongoing woodworking classes, all
levels. Elston Woodworking School, 2228 N. Elston Ave.,
Chicago, 60614. (312) 342-9811
7TS
CHI
etin
CAR LIN etin
O
A: Me
gs-North Carolina Wood­
turners meets the second Sanlfday of each month. For more
information, contact the North Carolina Woodturners,
P.O. Box 1833, Hickory, 28603. (704) 324-5960.
E xhi
bition-Gallery Americas Southern ftll'lliture exhibi­
tion, May I-June 16. Contact George Melone, Gallery Amer­
icas, Historic Carr Mill, Carrboro, 27510. (919) 929-1002.
Call for entries-The Chair Show
Deadline: June 4.
1J.
Judges include Sam Maloof and Wendy Maruyama. Contact
Katherine Duncan, Chair Show, Southern Highland Craft
Guild, P.O. Box 9545, Asheville, 28815. (704) 298-7928.
Show-The Charlotte woodworking show, March 7-9. Mer­
chandise Man, Freedom Hall, 2500 E. Independence Blvd.,
Charlotte, 28205. Contact The Woodworking Shows, 1516
S. Pontius Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90025. (310) 477-8521.
OHIO: Meetings-Cincinnati Woodworking Club meets
from 9:00 to noon on the second Saturday of January,
March, May, September and November. Reading High
School, 801 E. Columbia Ave., Reading. For more info, con­
tact the club at 10125 Montgomery, Cincinnati, 45242.
Meetings-Woodworkers of Central Ohio meets on the
second Saturday of November, February, April and June.
For more information, call Chuck at (614) 457-3704.
gs-C
OREGON: Meetin
s.w.
etin
third Wednesday of each month (except December) at
7 p.m. For further information, contact the guild at P.O. Box
1866, Portland, 97207-1866. (503) 492-1515.
Show-With the Grain 1Il: Works in Wood, April 26-May 27.
Cook Gallery, 705 Oregon St., POrt Orford, 97465. For info,
MI
GAN: Me
gs-Metro Carvers of Michigan meets
second Tuesday of each month (except July and August) at
call (541) 332-0045.
E
ition-Artistry in Wood '97, March 21-April 20. Sono­
ma County Museum, 425 7th St., Santa Rosa. For more in­
formation, call (707) 579-1500.
7:30 p.m. Helen Keller High School, 1505
Royal Oak. (810) 771-1040.
PE
Show-Contemporary Crafts Market, March 14-16. Herbst
and Festival Pavilions, Fort Mason Center Marina District,
San Francisco. For more information, call (415) 995-4925.
MINNESOTA:
xhib
NNE
TRI
CTICUT: Workshops-Woodworking workshops
held year round, Brookfield Craft Center, P.O. Box 122,
Route 25, Brookfield,
(203) 775-4526.
Meetings-Minnesota Woodworkers
Guild meets the third Tuesday of each month at 7:15 p.m.
Demonstrations presented each month. Contact Richard
Gotz at (612) 544-7278.
CO
DIS
06804MB.
CT OF COL U
IA: Show-15th annual Smith­
sonian craft show, April 24-27. For more information, call
(202) 357-4000
Exhibition-Washington Wood '97, May 1-26. Works by
Washington Woodworkers Guild members. Rock Creek
Gallery, 2401 Tilden St. N.W. (202) 244-3510.
RID etin
etin
A: Me
FL
O
gs-South Florida Woodworking Guild
meets every second Monday at 7 p.m. Constantine, 1040
E. Oakland Park Blvd., Ft. Lauderdale. For further informa­
tion, contact Woody Mclane at (954) 561-1716.
Me
entral Florida Woodworkers Guild meets the
gs-C
second Thursday of each month. Woodcraft Supply, 246
E. Semoran Blvd., Casselberry. For more information, con­
tact Bob Elliott (407) 695-8960.
Meetings-Tallahassee Woodcrafters Society meets the
second Tuesday of each month. For further information,
contact Walt Behrle at (904) 668-6653 or Austin Tatum at
(904) 386-6876.
Meetings-St. Petersburg Woodcrafters Guild meets the
fourth Thursday of every month at 7 p.m. Montgomery
Electric and NC, 1200 19th St. ., St Petersburg, 33713. For
more info, contact Don Montgomery at (813) 898-0569.
Call for entries-Soft, Hard, Rough, Smooth: artwork for
. Campbell Road,
MI
SSO
URI
: Meetings-The Kansas City Woodworkers'
Guild meets the third Wednesday of each month. For more
information, contact Eugene Caples at (816) 452-6379.
Call for entries-St. Louis Art Fair, Sept. 5-7. Nationally
juried fine arts exhibition. Deadline: April 1 For prospectus,
send name and address to Saint Louis Art Fair, 2 Mark
Twain Circle, St. Louis, 63105. (314) 863-0278.
ascade Woodturner's Association
meets every third Thursday. For more information, contact
Cascade Woodturners, 11575
Pacific Highway, #104,
Tigard, 97223. (360) 834-6325.
Me
gs-The Guild of Oregon Woodworkers meets the
ANIA
NN
SYLV
: Show-Fourth annual Wharton Esher­
ick Museum woodworking competition and exhibition.
Deadline: July 1. For info and application, send SASE to
Wharton Esherick Museum, P.O. Box 595, Paoli, 19301-0595.
NNE
TE
SSEE: Workshops-Turning, carving and more,
year-round. For more information, contact Arrowmollt
School of
and Crafts, P.O. Box 567, 556 Parkway,
Arts
Gatlinburg, 37738-0567. (423) 436-5860.
Classes-Lumber selection and more. For more informa­
tion, contact Tennessee Valley Authority, 17 Ridgeway
Road, Box 920, Norris 37828-0920. (615) 632- 1656.
meets at 7 p.m. the third Tuesday of every month. Westside
Cornmunity Center, Omaha. For more information, contact
TE
XAS: Meetings-Woodturners of North Texas meets
the last Thursday of every month, 7:30-10:00 p.m. Paxton
Beautiful Woods Store, 1601 W. Berry St., Fort WOrtll, 76110.
(817) 927-0611.
Meetings-North Texas Woodworker's Association meets
the t1urd Tuesday of each month. For info, contact Bruce
John Cahill at (402) 334-5550.
May, P.O. Box 831567, Richardson, 75083. (214) 271-0125.
NEBRASKA: Meetings-Omaha Woodworkers Guild
HAMP IRE
SH
: Classes-Various woodworking
classes. The Hand & I, P.O. Box 264, Route 25, Moulton­
boro, 03254. (603) 476-5121
NEW
Auctions-Antique and craftsman's tool auctions, year­
round. Contact Richard A. Crane, Your Country Auctioneer,
63 Poor Farm Road, Hillsboro, 03244. (603) 478-5723.
NE
W JE
RSEY: Auction-C.R.A.F.T.S. annual spring tool
auction, May 10. Flemington Elks Lodge, Route 31 For more
information, conractJoseph Hauck (908) 221 -7648.
etin
NE
W YORK: Me
gs and classes-New York Wood­
turners Association meets bi-monthly. Y\YJCA, 610 lexing­
ton Ave. (53rd St.), New York City. Contact Howard Alalouf
UTAH:
HIN
VIR INIA
MIN
Symposi
urn
-1997 Utah Woodturning Symposium,
June 5-7. Brighanl Young University, Provo. For more infor­
mation, call
378-2021
(SOl)
WAS
GTON: J uri
ed show-The Kitsap County Wood­
carvers 1 1 th annual show, March 15-16. Westside Improve­
ment Club, Bremerton. For more info, call (360) 373-6173.
WEST
G
: Workshops-Progressive Windsor
chairmaking, March 9-14. Crafts Center,
r Lakes, Ripley,
25271
372-7873.
Ceda
(304)
WYO
G: Show-Art and Healing, art created or infiu­
enced by tile healing or dying process. Oct.
ov. 11 Dead­
4-
the senses. Deadline: April 3. For application, send SASE to
Artists Unlimited Inc., Soft Hard, Rough, Smooth Exhibition,
223 N. 12th St., Tampa, 33602. (813) 229-5958.
(914) 337-0226.
Classes-Traditional and contemporary woodworking with
Maurice Fraser, Bill Gundling, Jack Van Deckter and Susan
line: July 10. Send a SASE to Mary-Alice Huemoeller,
Coordinator, P.O. Box 256, Wilson, 83014. (307) 733-4462.
Perry. The Craft Students league at the YWCA, 610 lexing­
ton Ave., New York City. (212) 735-9731.
CANADA: Association-Canadian Woodturners Associa­
GEORGIA: Meetings-Woodworkers Guild of Georgia
Wednesday of every month, September thru June. Brush
Barn, 211 Jericho Turnpike, Smithtown. (516) 360-1216.
tion, Markham, Onto For more information and to receive
newsletter, call (905) 479-0755.
Meetings-West Island Woodturners Club (Montreal)
meets every Tuesday,
May. For more information, con­
"ition-Idaho Woodcarvers Guild competi­
tion and exhibition, March 1-2. Boise Centre on the Grove,
Show-Woodworkers Expo '97, sixth annual woodworking
show, April 5-6. Northeastern Woodworkers Association,
Rexford. For more information, call (518) 371-9145.
tact Dennis Brown, 8817 Cure Legault, Lasalle, Que., H8R
2V9. (514) 366-6071
Association-Superior Woodworking Association meets
850 W. Front St., Boise. For more information, contact Doug
Rose (208) 336-4312.
Show-The Western New York woodworking show, March
14-16. Erie County Fairgrounds, International Agri-Center,
7:00 p.m. the last Monday of each month. Confederation
College, Onto Contact Vic Germaniuk at (807) 767-5964.
meets the second Monday of every month. Southern Col­
lege of Technology, 1 100 S. Marietta Parkway, Marietta. For
more information, call (404) 299-3972.
ID
AHO:
1 10
Ex1u.
Fine Woodworking
Me
etin
gs-Long Island Woodworker's Club meets the first
thru
Over
800 exhibitors.
THE 1 997
WOODWORKING
MAC H I N E RY
&
FURNITURE
S, U P P L Y
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Note: This form is for pre-registration only. Return completed form and
by July 7th. After July 7th you will have to register on-site and pay
Incomplete forms will be returned. Please photocopy for each additional registrant.
Please send infonnation on
o Conference Program
(Check
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o Hotel
i
that apply)
Wood
Metal &: Other
Air Travel
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(Check
Manufacturer,
Products
Manufacturer,
Upholstered
C
Manufacturer,
E
Manufacturer,
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lnsaumems
Cabin<15
EIjuipmem and Too�
Kitchen &: Bath
Raw Mat,riaIs
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u-.:luding Moulding
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g
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ption
(Check only on,)
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butor
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r.
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E
Fore
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(Check only on,)
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or more
P
ucalOr
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March/April 1997
111
ANNOUNCI
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CLASSI C
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READER SERVICE NO. 63
1 12
Fine Woodworking
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332K 332 WICASE & 100 Sl£ETS PAPER .......................... 99 7336 6' RANDal ORBIT SANDE
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6' ROO SANDER VAR SP. VELCRO .. 138
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333K 333 WICASE & 50 Sl£ETS PAPER ... _
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347K 7 114' FRAMERS SAW. 15 AMP WITH CASE
128 7536 2 112 1f' FIXED BASE ROUlER . .
NEW LAIIINATE TRIMMER WITH GUDE .... 97
352
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DW991KS2 lUV CDLS DRti & CIRC SAW KIT
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12' BAR CWIP
18· BAR CWIP
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24· BAR CUI.I'
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3O'BAR CUI.I'
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3 HP VAR SPEED PLUNGE ROUTER . .
FUll HEAD STRIP NAILER. 2 · 3 112 CAP
COIL NAIlER, 2 ·3 1/4' CAP ACITY
3 114' PLANER ................................................ 98
3 HP PlUNGE
188
.........
... .......... ...... .
....
. .......
.....
................
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EDGE SANDER .
.
14 OSCILLATING SPINDlE SANDER ......................... 295
15 15' PLANER ....................................................... 1295
44 14' BAND SAW. 1 HP. l PHASE lAOTOR
6'JOINTER WITH ENClOOED STAND
8' LONG BED JOINTER ....................................... 1695
1 112HPTABLE SAWW/ACCU FENCE ................. 745
1 112 HP TABLE SAW Wf5I.1 ACCU FENCE . .. .
3 HP. 1 PH 10' T SAWWI5O' FENCE ............... 1995
5 H P. l PH 1 0' TA SAW Wf5I.1 FENCE
..
73 1 1 12 HP DUST COLlECTOR ................................ 419
75 3 HP DUST COLlECTOR ...................................... 675
COMBINATION BElTtOlSC SANDER . ...
.
.. ...... . . .. . .... . . . ..... ....
...............
.................
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SAW .
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JONE
R ........................................... 167
FT 2000E3 hpPl UNGE ROOIE
R ............................ 204
EDGE BANDING SYSTEM ................... 214
EBl00
10' X 4OT QUIET BLADE ........................ 48
F410
10' X
QUIET BLADE ........................ 73
F810
umt.«l
10 10' X 24T FLAT TOP RIP BLADE ............ 36
LlJ82t.«l
10 10'X60T CR OSSC
UTIRIP BLADE
.
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10 10' X 50T ATB COMBO BLADE .............. 40
1.lJ85I.«)
10 10' X 80 T ATB FOR MIRROR FINISHI .... 58
lU871.«l10 10' X 241 RIP BLADE THIN
l.U88Ml
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10 1 0' X 60 T TCH LAMNATES OR WOOD ... 67
8' SAFETY
WITH CASE ............. l1S
NEW
.
167
TK200
10' X 241THIN KERF RIP BLADE
.
10' X 40T THIN KERF COMBO BLADE ... 32
TK400
10' X WTTHIN KERF CROSSCUT ......... 36
10' X
THIN KERF C ROSSC
UT ......... 47
TK800
I
.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
0241 NK 18 GAUGE BRAD NAILER 3/8'·1 9116'
WITH CASE &
NAILS
..
02S0N
K 18 GAUGE BRAD NAIlER 314'·2" WiCASE
&
NAILS ............................................... 162
O35ONK 15 & lS GA. FINISH NAILER 3/4'·2' WiCASE
& 5000 ASSORTED BRADS ......................... 192
ANGLE ANISH NAIlER 1'·2 112'
0626N
K NARROW CROWN 114' STAPlER ltr·l·
WITH CASE &
STAPLES ..................... 1 03
314'·1 112' NARRW CRWN STPLR W/cs ..... 179
STICK NAIlER 2 · 3 112' CAPACITY ............ 314
SHOOTS 114'. 318'. ltr CRN STAPLES &
EZ·l
BRADS. 5/8' CAP. WiCASE &
ASSORTED FASTENERS
EZ·2
SHOOTS BOTH BRADS & STAPlES ........... 149
READER SERVICE NO. 181
......... . ................
..... . . .......
... . . ... ..................
. .. . ...
..........
........
..
....
........ . .......
....... ..
March/April 1997
1 13
RKI
Fine Woodworking
FROM THE PUBLISHERS OF FINE WOODWO
NG . . .
video workshops.
Expert woodworkers show you exactly
how to improve your skills.
NEW RELEASES
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READ
ER SERVICE
1 14
Fine Woodworking
O. 147
ES, ISBN: 1 -561 58-203-4,# 060109.
Hand-Applied Finishes:
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Router Joinery with Gary Rogowski
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63 S. Main St., P.O Box 5507
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MAGAZINES
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SYSTEMS FOR THE WOOD FINISHING INDUSTRY
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lping YoTOOL
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510"
50 5T
READ
ER SERVICE
1 - 80 -835-5084
BLHaDtnhLdeaSawthe (#26Q.VO). . .. .. .$$21,63499995
o 68"JDointer (#34·01).. .. . . . 5$1,7499
2625 Beaver Avenue, Des Moines, IA 50310
North,
'NOTE: Table board
0 15'
0 12"
0 12"
0
0 15"
($85) and legs (S49/pair)
ER SERVICE NO. 94
READ
Ca1·800·241·6748
l for FREE catalog
CASH!
DIFFERENT MODELS
TO FIT YOUR NEEDS
The Ronk ROTO-CON"
IN STOCK
NO
MINIMUM
is a medium-duty static-type
converter for shop applications
such as drill presses, mills,
saws, etc., where continuous
full load use is not required,
but low initial cost is important.
Ph. 1 -800-221 -RONK, Ext. 216
LEGS IN MAPLE
�
A� �g
TABLE
LEGS IN
MAPLE
,"LT.D., l.P.
974 Forest Dr., Dept. Q 25
Morristown TN 37814 Phone (423) 587-2942
•
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 201
1 16
Fine Woodworking
Call NOW for FREE FACTS!
1-800-942-4406, ext. 5816
B!?nLlS
Box 160, Dept�
. 216· Nokomis, 1l62075' Ph. 2171563-83
33, Exl 216 ' Fax 217�
TIMBERKING, INC,
Dept.
SB1 6
1 431 N. TOPPING, KANSAS CITY, MO 64120
READER SERVICE NO. 183
The Problem :
To design a versatile g nder
tool rest that is stable, quare
to the wheel, and fuUy
adjustable for accurate
grinding with any utili
bench grinder.
The Solution:
The Veritas'" Grinder Tool Rest can be used
with any 6" or 8" bench grinder. The 4" wide
table straddles wheels up to 1 " wide,
It is grooved for sliding jigs and
center drilled for rotating
jigs. Slotted arms allow a
wide range of angular and
height adjustments. Springloaded gyratory handles lock
it solidly in position and can
be rotated out of the way after .. ..
locking. Accurately machined
components. Angle-setting gauge included.
Veritas'" Grinder Tool Rest
(N. Y.
'"'-!t
:.'...' '..,' 0:-/". /'
: ;:
FW0tLee9 Valley& $35.95
{:.. }' " "�';f�"'t'"
'
:)
COUNTRY
FRENCH
FREE
COLOR
CATALOGUE
The Ronk Phase-Shifter
Rotary Phase Converter
will provide 3-phase power
from single-phase sources
to operate single or multiple
motor applications found in
woodworking shops.
READ
ER SERVICE NO. 148
For
t
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1 17
Notes and Comment
Alluring business
I love to fish and so does a woodworking
buddy of mine. For his bachelor party, he
decided to go deep-sea fishing, so I made
up a few giant lures to take along for a gag.
When we got back to shore, a gallery own­
er noticed the big lures and offered to buy
them. Soon she called for more. As word
spread, I began getting calls from people
wanting lures to hang in their homes and
offices. I soon found myself in the business
of making decorative lures.
In the last two years, I 've made more
than 300 lures reminiscent of the classic
wooden plugs I used when I was a kid
fishing for bass in the bayous of Louisiana
(see the photo at right). I have 10 different
lures in my Big Time Bait line, but I'll oc­
casionally make a special order for a client
who sends me a lure to reproduce. My
lures range from 16 in. to 30 in. in length
and are 2 in. to 6 in. thick.
The lures are made of cypress, which I
get from my hometown of Ponchatoula,
La. The round, plug types of lures are
turned on the lathe from 6-in.-thick, glued­
up blocks. The flatter types of lures are
bandsawn and routed from 2-in. stock and
shaped on an inflatable sander. The paint
job is especially important. A realistic scale
pattern may need as many as nine coats of
paint, followed by a thick coat of spar var­
nish, which gives it an old-timey look.
I still haven't given up traditional wood­
working and continue to make sidechairs,
music stands and other items, but the pop­
ularity of my Big Time Bait really has me
hooked.
-Ken Picou, A ustin, Texas
Woodworking in
a
-
closet
I practice woodworking under what might
cope with neighbors who can't tolerate the
be considered impossible conditions. For
sound of a pounding mallet and household
one, I live in an apartment in Belo Hori­
rules that require me to wash the walls and
zonte, one of Brazil's largest cities, and
floors of the kitchen lest a speck of sawdust
must do with a workshop that is just a clos­
remain after working on a project.
et off the kitchen. I've chosen to work with
I own but one power tool: a 1/2-in.
an endangered species of wood-rose­
portable drill with a few attachments, in­
wood-which is practically not available
cluding a small saw. I've amassed a re­
except for old scraps. And I'm married to a
spectable collection of hand tools, and
woman who pursues cleanliness with the
with them, I have created classic Brazilian
same passion that I bring to woodworking.
furniture at the rate of about one piece a
year (see the photo at right and the bottom
Woodworking for me involves using
many of the same tools 18th-centuty crafts­
men used. But I'm sure they didn't have to
1 18
Fine Woodworking
as
Bigfish tale Ken Picou 'sfirst big wooden lures started out
a gagfor a buddy, but
once a gallery owner noticed them, a demand was created and a new business born.
Goingfor
Baroque­
Using rare,
salvaged
rosewood,
Dilo Marcio
Fernandina
built this
J8112-in. -tall
Baroque-style
shrine.
photo on p. 120).
Although I make my living in the world
Bouam photo: Dila Marcia Fernandina
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Notes and Comttlent (amlill/lt'll)
of finance, I've always had a fondness for
mensions of the available lumber.
the craft of woodworking. I'm especially
Concerns about noise restrict my use of
drawn toward a Baroque style of carving
the drill and any heavy mallet work to
unique to Brazil, which was influenced by
weekend days. Occasionally, I take stock
the Portuguese who colonized the region.
to a cabinet shop to have a large piece cut
Because rosewood is an endangered
or turned. I hand joint, plane, groove, mold
to
cut, I have to spend a
and carve all of my furniture. I never apply
lot of time hunting down scraps. I've man­
carving details, but rather chop them out
aged to find old hollow logs or irregular
from solid stock.
species and illegal
pieces rejected by rural cabinetmakers.
Sometimes, I wish I didn't have so many
Many of these pieces were cut 100 years
obstacles standing in the way of my hob­
ago, and as a result, are very hard.
Porter-Cable tools
added to Smithsonian
by. But maybe, because of those chal­
There's a wide variety of figure and color
lenges, when I put a final coat of wax on a
in the lumber I get. When I build a piece, I
piece of furniture, I'm overcome with an
have to spend much time making sure I
indescribable feeling of triumph.
get a good match. I also have to size my
furniture based on the sometimes odd di-
-Dilo Marcio Fernandino,
Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Porter-Cable 's B-5 Take-About sander,
the world'sfirst portable belt sander.
The world's first portable belt sander, the
B-5 Take-About, is now part of the perma­
nent collection at the Smithsonian Institu­
tion's National Museum of American
History. The sander (see the photo above)
was introduced in 1926 by the Porter­
Cable Corporation; it sold for $ 1 10. The
sander was among a number of early por­
table power tools the company gave to the
museum last fall. There also was the K-88
Speedmatic, an early circular saw, and the
104 Sterling sander, the world's first orbital
finishing sander.
-Scott Gibson, editor
Peter Joseph Gallery
closing in New York
A landmark gallery for art furniture in New
York City closed in January. The Peter
Joseph Gallery opened in 1991 on Fifth
Avenue and had been a showcase for work
by a number of well-known woodworkers,
including Wendell Castle, Rosanne Somer­
son and Wendy Maruyama.
Founder and owner Peter
T.
Joseph plans
to resume collecting. The gallery's presi­
dem, Michael W. Monroe, joined the Ainer­
ican Craft Council late last year.
Notes and Comment
c-
Undeterred by lack of workshop spa e Working out of a closet-sized room,
Fernandina takes up to a year to build pieces like this rosewood silverware cabinet.
1 20
Fine Woodworking
-5. G.
We welcome news stories, anecdotes
about the triumphs and pitfalls of
WOOdworking, tales of government
regulators, photos of unusual work­
anything you think other woodwork­
ers would like to know about. We pay
for material we use. Send submissions
to Notes and Comment, Fine Wood­
working, P. O. Box 5506, Newtown, CT
064 70-5506.
Top photo: courtesy Porter-Cable; bottom photo: Dila Marcie Fernandina
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READ
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March/April 1997
121
First Persoll
Building a guitar
I don't recall exactly why or when I decided to build my own gui­
as good as a Martin. In doing so, I nearly lost an index finger.
tar. I guess it had something to do with the notion that a person
The truly mysterious part of guitarmaking is bending the thin
who can't play a guitar can at least do the next best thing, which is
sides of the guitar into shape. First you soak the wood for the sides
to make one. It may be like the carpenter who builds houses he
in warm water (a bad1tub is perfect) for 15 or 20 minutes, and then
you take it to d1e torch-a simple torch, just propane, d1e kind you
could never hope to buy.
As a kid, I never had much desire to build anything, not even the
get for a few bucks at d1e hardware store.
model cars and airplanes that evety other kid in the neighborhood
Direct the torch's flame inside a metal pipe that you have
was building. The urge to actually work with wood did not enter
clamped to a board. The pipe can be any old piece of pipe as long
as it has a diameter of about 3 in. and is 12 in. to
my head until much later when I married and needed furniture.
Then I started looking at woodworking magazines. I began lusting
18 in. long. When the pipe is hot enough to boil
after tools and hanging out in shady hardware stores. In no time at
spit, then you're all set to start bending the sides.
Only don't do it if the pipe is that hot. A pipe that
all, I had graduated to slick, professional journals that cost about as
much per issue as a small piece of furniture. I read issue after issue.
In my mind, I was building masterpieces.
But to begin, I needed tools, lots of tools. That was the first
thing I learned. So I went out and bought a tablesaw. Then a
router, a drill press, a bandsaw, a sanding machine,
boils spit is also hot enough to scorch wood. Thin, ex­
pensive guitar wood scorches more easily than you
would believe possible, and black scorch marks are not
all that attractive on a finished guitar.
And here is another piece of advice: If your bend­
two back saws, a coping saw; a scroll saw, some
ing pipe is just any old piece of pipe, make sure
files and some planes-a block plane, a jack
that it is not Zinc-coated. My first one was galva­
plane and a smoothing plane. For the mon-
nized, and I still have a little cough from the fumes
ey I spent on tools, I could have outfitted
it gave off. Also, during the bending, make sure
my house with Stickley furniture. Instead, I
not to set fire to the sides. Flaming the wood will
filled it with projects that were built from the
not improve its appearance. "Flamed" maple is
inspiration of magazine blueprints: bookcas­
often used to build guitars, but it's from a com-
es, desks, a couch with a frame made entirely
pletely different kind of flame.
from scrap plywood, a coffee table and a big
After bending the sides and clamping d1em in
entertainment center.
a mold, you're all set to glue on the top (called
When one day my wife deemed my projects
the soundboard) and the back (called the
"hippie furniture," it didn't faze me a bit. I sim­
back). You'll already have put in the braces, so
ply pushed those neoprene ear plugs in a bit
it's just a matter of truing, gluing and clamp­
deeper and plunged on, with the router
ing and d1e soundbox is ready.
screaming, the tablesaw whining and the elec­
All that's left to do is cut slots for frets in the
to
tric bill soaring through the roof. What did she
fretboard, attach the fretboard
know about woodworking?
cut slots for d1e tuning pegs at the end of the
Eventually, I was bitten by the build-your-own­
the neck,
neck, install d1e frets, install the tuning pegs,
guitar bug. I suspect the idea originated in the pages
attach the neck to the body, slap on a coat
of one of my many woodworking magazines, maybe from an arti­
of finish, buff it out and, voila, you've just built a guitar. Now install
cle describing how easy it is to build a guitar, or from an adver­
the strings, tune up and attach a price tag.
tisement hawking gUitarmaking supplies.
I found a company in California that sells everything a person
could need to build a stringed instrument. Evetything, that is, ex­
See how easy it is? Building a guitar is just a matter of practice.
And it's the ultimate in woodworking. Build a guitar, and the world
will be impressed.
cept the skill. And for that-at a reasonable price-they will sup­
I know. I've been at it for two years now. And as soon as I mas­
ply you with videotapes that detail, step-by-step, the process of
ter the art of side bending, I will be able to finish that first guitar. It's
building a guitar.
sure to become a collector's treasure. Then I will be able to call
D
I got to know the company well. I learned that to build a guitar,
myself a lud1ier, a guitarmaker, a master of my mysterious craft. An
the first things needed are clamps, enough to fill a good-sized
artist. I can see light at the end of my bending pipe, and d1is time,
dump truck: spring clamps, clothespin clamps, C-c1amps, deep­
it's not just d1e curtains catching fire again.
throated C-c1amps, pipe clamps and cam clamps. Building a guitar
is essentially a process of acquiring and clamping clamps.
To build a guitar, you follow a pattern, kind of like sewing a
Mike Sheffield is a dairy farmer, writer and amateur wood­
who is currently making a guitar.
worker in Blossvale,
NY.,
dress. You cut and then you smooth the wood to match the pat­
tern. It's really pretty easy-time-consuming, maybe, but easy. Do
not, however, try to cut d1e wood on a bandsaw wIllie dreaming
of how famous you will become by building guitars that are just
1 22
Fine Woodworking
Submissions for First Person are welcome. Send them to Fine
Box 5506, Newtown, CT 06470-5506
Woodworking, P. o.
DrJ\ving: Laurie B. Garych Thornton
Beauty is way more than skin deep.
Massive, widely spaced trunnions
disperse vibration, giving you amazingly
smooth, quiet cuts.
How do you make the
best machine even
better? There's a full
line of Genuine Delta
Accessories to
choose from.
You're buying a life­
time of serviceability.
Truth is, Delta can
provide parts for
of all Unisaws
1 0 0%
built since 1 937. Who
else could make that
claim? Something to
think about before
you shell out your
hard-earned cash on
a lesser machine.
The inside story on the
Unisawe is "precision:'
Precision-ground arbor
is flange-faced after
assembly to reduce
run-out. An extra step
no other manufacturer
takes.
Big 27"x36" cast-iron
table (with wings) is
ribbed to prevent
warping and springing.
T-slots on both sides
of the blade hold miter
gage securely.
Factory set, adjustable
blade stops at 90° and 45°
provide lifetime accuracy.
Machined-steel motor and
arbor pulleys won't overheat
or expand. Your choice of
two gutsy horsepower
options - 3 and 5 H P
models - and multiple motor
configurations.
Full 2-year warranty lets
you focus on more important
things. Like plans for your
next project
The Unisaw was born
in the USA, and that's
where we still make them.
1HE
POWER
OF 1HE
Equip your
Unisaw however
you like. Add a
Biesemeye� Fence or a
Unifencee Saw Guide and
you've got the ultimate
sawing machine.
aims
80 -438-2486.
out there and you end up with the same
Strip away all the cl
old truth. There's still only one "Unisaw." Only one that can stand
toe-to-toe with the rest and come out on top. Go ahead, compare
and you'll find there's really no comparison. Call toll free for the
name of your nearest Delta dealer. Delta International
Machinery Corp . ,
ER SERVICE NO. 3
READ
www
Visit us on the WEB: http://
.deltawoodworking.com/delta
A.
C E LTA
WOODWORKING MACHINERY
A Pentair
Com
ThWorkTWoodwork
shopYankceanree
heeNewAmeri
y
pan
Proud sponsors of
and
PBS.
on
By a
father,
for his
daughter
When John K. Muse retired and had some free time on his
panel is in contrast to the more three-dimensional shapes on
hands, he built hope chests for his daughters. He was inspired
the corner frames and the base. Muse spent two years design­
by bauernmobel, or country furniture, that he had seen on u·ips
ing, building and carving this chest, inspired by his daughter's
to Austria, Germany and Switzerland. He built and carved the
love of nature. Alpine originals were often made of linden
chest shown above for Elisabeth, whose name appears in the
wood; Muse chose American basswood as a close substitute. It,
base below the front panel. The flat relief carving on the front
too, has agreeable carving properties.
Photos: William Duckwonh
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