Masonite 20323, 39615, 19976, 22709, 36782, 76699, 74091, 25601, 22525, 42950 Operating instructions

Masonite 20323, 39615, 19976, 22709, 36782, 76699, 74091, 25601, 22525, 42950 Operating instructions
Step 1: Prepare Rough Opening
SIDE-HINGED DOOR UNIT
installation INSTRUCTIONS
Step 4: Place Door in Rough Opening
Step 3: Prepare Door Unit
Remove all packaging materials such as nails, staples and screws.
Information Panel
Side-Hinged Door Types
Instructions vary according to door type. Confirm which door type is
being installed. some door styles not available in all markets.
Some dwelling designs/conditions may require special installation steps, consult your
architect, design professional and/or product manufacturer for additional guidance.
For single door unit, use Step 5A. For double door unit, use Step 5B.
For single door unit with one or two sidelites, use Step 5C.
Required Tools & Materials
Figure 1: A clean, level, solid sub-floor area is essential to successful
installation.
How to Plumb the Door
3
A:
For all door types, it is essential that the frame is in a straight
vertical plane and is not twisted. Check alignment using this
method: Stand on the outside of the door. Check that the
weatherstripping on the latch side is evenly compressed along
the entire height of the door slab without any pinching or gaps
(Figures 9 and 10).
DO NOT utilize the wall to square and level unit. Unit must be
square and level to insure proper operation and performance.
Ensure that the following conditions are met:
Clean, clear work area
• The rough opening (RO) is ideally 1” wider and 1/2” taller
than the outside frame dimensions of the door unit. Units
intended for installation in high velocity windstorm markets
require less clearance between unit and RO (1/4” sides & top).
• The RO is plumb, square and level
• The old door frame has been completely removed in retro-fit
installation
• The sub-floor area is clean, dry and level
• The existing sub-floor area is at least 6” deep for 4-9/16”
frames and at least 8” deep for 6-9/16” frames.
single door
(X for operable panel or O for non-operable panel)
Figure 3: Some door units will be supplied with plastic covers over the bottoms
of the jambs. These must be removed before installation.
B:
Figure 6: Place the sill in the opening first and then tilt the door up into the
opening.
Door units featuring multiple door panels or glass inserts are
heavier and more difficult to handle - do not attempt to handle
without assistance.
Because a solid, level sub-floor is absolutely essential for proper
door unit installation, do not proceed with the installation until
the sub-floor is both solid and level.
double door
(XX for unit featuring two operable panels)
Figures 9 and 10: The weatherstripping on these doors is not evenly
compressed.
Step 2: Caulk the Sub-Floor
How to Fasten the Door
C:
Figure 4: Some door units may be supplied with a wood or cardboard skid plate
located along the bottom of the door. Needs to be removed.
Critical Point: Although all steps are critical, this symbol
identifies procedures requiring extra attention.
3
PLEASE NOTE: Failure to install this unit in accordance with
architect, design professional or product manufacturers instructions will
have a direct effect on the units performance and/or long term wear.
Installer shall be experienced in performing work required and shall be
specialized in installation work similar to that required for this project.
Warranty claims are subject to site inspections by a qualified
manufacturer’s representation to establish probable cause and proposed
corrective action.
Apply three 1/4” lines of caulk along the length of the sub-floor, the first
line starting approximately 1” from the inside edge. The lines should be
about 1” apart.
F
D
G
G
E
F
E
If door unit is supplied without a clip or plug holding door
aligned and closed, do not leave the door wide open during
installation. The weight of the door may cause it to fall and
cause injury.
Figure 5: Some door units may be supplied with a “clip” or “plug” holding the
panel aligned and closed during the initial installation steps. Do not remove at
this time. Some door units may be supplied with a double headed nail or screw
holding panel closed - this needs to be removed at this time.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
Note: Units
intended for
installation in
high velocity windstorm
regions may
require additional
points of
attachment. See
local retailer for
installation sheet
supplement.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
1
8
single or double door with one sidelite
1
8
Stand on the inside of the door and center the door in the opening.
Shim tightly at the bottom corners of the door unit (Points A in Figure 12).
B
E
C
1
8
1
F
2
3
Figure 12: Install the shims in the correct locations and in the correct sequence.
B
1
F
D
E
A
Note: Units
intended for
installation in
high velocity windstorm
regions may
require
additional points
of attachment.
See local retailer
for installation
sheet supplement.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
1
Stand on the inside of the door and center the door in the opening.
Shim tightly at the bottom of the unit (Points A in Figure 16).
8
This will keep the door centered and the frame tight against the sill.
Shim the top of the door on the latch side (Point B in Figure 12). Install
shims until there is a consistent ⁄ ” gap between the top of the door slab
and the frame header.
1
8
Shim the hinge-side of the frame (Point C in Figure 12). This will hold
the door tight in its position relative to the frame. The door should
operate freely with nothing but shims holding it in place.
CAUTION: Do not open door panel greater than 30-degrees until 2 ⁄ ”
screws have been installed. (Points D, E, F & G in Figure 12).
1
2
Figure 14: Shims are placed above and
below the dead bolt hole (points G in
figure 12).
8
1
CAUTION: Do not open door panel greater than 30-degrees until 2 ⁄ ”
screws have been installed. (Points C, D, E & F in Figure 16).
1
2
8
1
2
C
E
D
F
F
D
E
D
Note: Units
intended for
installation in
high velocity windstorm
regions may
require
additional points
of attachment.
See local retailer
for installation
sheet supplement.
2
From the outside and with the door closed, ensure that the frame
is in a straight vertical plane (not twisted). To do this check that
the weatherstripping on the astragal side is evenly compressed
along the entire height of the door slab without any pinching or
gaps (see Figures 8 and 9).
Standing on the inside, shim behind each of the vacant hinge screw
holes in both the top and bottom hinge on the operating door (Points E
in Figure 16) until there is a consistent ⁄ ” gap along the entire height of
the door between the operating door and the passive door. There should
also be a ⁄ ” gap between the top of each door slab and the header.
When shims are properly installed, the frame should not move or twist
when the screws are tightened and counter-sunk, this maintaining the
⁄ ” gap. If there is any movement, loosen the screws and shim tighter to
maintain the ⁄ ” gap, then retighten the screws.
1
8
1
8
Install two 2 ⁄ ” screws along the head jamb of double door systems for
additional reinforcement. Screws should be installed above center of
each panel. (Figures 17 and 18).
1
2
Shim behind the vacant hinge screw holes in each of the center hinges (Points
F in Figure 16) and secure using the supplied 2 ⁄ ” installation screws.
1
2
1
2
1
2
When shims are properly installed, the frame should not move or
twist at all when the screws are tightened and counter-sunk, thus
maintaining the ⁄ ” gap. If there is any movement, loosen the screws
and shim tighter to maintain the ⁄ ” gap, then re-tighten screws.
8
1
Figure 20: Install shims in the correct location and in the correct sequence.
8
Stand on the inside of the door and center the door in the
opening. Shim tightly at the bottom corners of the door unit
(Points A in Figure 20).
This will keep the door centered and the frame tight against the sill.
Shim the top of the frame, behind the latch-side jamb (Point B in
Figure 20). Install shims until there is a consistent ⁄ ” gap between the
top of the operating door slab and the frame header.
1
8
Shim at the top of the frame, behind the hinge-side jamb (Point C in
Figure 20) to hold the door tight in its position relative to the frame. The
door should operate freely with nothing but the shims holding it in place.
CAUTION: Do not open door panel greater than 30-degrees until 2 ⁄ ”
screws have been installed. (Points B, C, D, E & F in Figure 20).
1
2
Using the supplied 2 ⁄ ” installation screws, drive a screw through the
vacant holes in both the top and bottom hinge on the operating door
(Points E in Figure 16), through the jambs and into the stud.
For units with only one non-operable panel attached on the hinge side
of the door: The second set of supplied 2 ⁄ ” screws are installed through
the thin (rabbet) section of the jamb under the weatherstripping through
the shim and into the stud approximately 8” from the top and bottom of
the jamb (Figure 22). Shim just above and below the dead bolt hole and
drive the supplied 2 ⁄ ” installation screws through the dead bolt strike
plate (Step 6).
1
A
A
8
8
For units with only one non-operable panel attached on the latch side
of the door: The second set of supplied screws are installed through
the thin (rabbet) section of the jamb using the vacant hinge screw holes
(Figure 21). Typically long security screws are used to install the dead
bolt strike plate (Step 6).
3
1
1
Door panels with glass inserts may sag toward the center. This is
normal. To correct sagging, align the flush bolts on the fixed door with
clearance in the header and sill. Most units do not have pre-drilled holes
in the header and sill. Holes
must be drilled. Slide top
flush bolt up against header
and bottom bolt down
against threshold to mark.
Mark where bolts make
contact with header and sill
with pencil. Drill holes on
marks to receive bolts (1 ⁄ ”
deep minimum). Once holes
are drilled, close panel and
engage bolts making sure
Figure 17: Correct sagging until the flush bolt
they extend far enough to
slides freely into the pre-drilled hole (not typical
of most units) in the head/threshold.
secure unit. If there is a
gap between the
B
1
2
8
1
Shim behind the vacant hinge screw hole in the top hinge (Point D
in Figure 16) to align the top flush bolt with the clearance hole in the
header (Figure 17). Secure with the 2 ⁄ ” installation screw supplied,
through the hinge jamb and into the stud.
1
This will keep the door centered and the frame tight against the sill.
Shim the top of the frame (at Points B in Figure 16). Install shims until
there is a ⁄ ” gap between the top of the door slabs and the frame header.
This will hold the door tight in its position relative to the frame. The
door should operate freely with nothing but shims holding it in place.
1
Shim behind the latch-side jamb (Points F in Figure 12) approximately
8” from the top and bottom of the frame. Install shims until there is
an even ⁄ ” gap between the jamb and the edge of the door slab along
the door. Shim behind the latch-side jamb (Points G in Figure 12) just
above and below the dead bolt hole, maintaining the ⁄ ” gap (Figure
14). Pull the weatherstripping away from the jamb (Points F on Figure
12) and screw 2 ⁄ ” installation screws (by others) through the jamb and
shims into the stud (Figure 15).
2
Figure 16: Install the shims in the correct locations and in the correct sequence.
8
XO
1
A
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
Step 5C: For door with sidelites
threshold and weatherstrip block around the foot bolt, the hole is not
deep enough (the weatherstrip block must touch the threshold to
properly seal the unit). Shim tightly behind the vacant hinge screw hole
in the bottom hinge (Point C in Figure 16) until the lower flush bolt
slides freely into the clearance hole in the sill. Secure the door by
driving a 2 ⁄ ” installation screw supplied, through the hinge and jamb
and into the stud. If the flush bolt does not slide freely, loosen the
screw, shim more tightly and then tighten the screw.
3
Figure 11: Screws are installed
through the jamb, shims and into the
2x wood studs or bucking.
(OX or XO for unit featuring operable panel with non-operable panel)
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
XX
With the door closed and from the inside shim directly behind the
vacant hinge screw hole in each hinge (Points D and E in Figure 12)
until there is a consistent ⁄ ” gap between the hinge-side jamb and the
door slab edge along the entire height of the door. Gap between the
latch-side jamb and the door slab edge should be ⁄ ” at the top and
bottom of the door only. Drive one of the 2 ⁄ ” screws supplied through
the vacant hole in each hinge, through the jamb, shims and into the
stud or rough buck (Figure 11).
When the shims are
properly installed, the
frame should not move or
twist at all when the screws
are tightened and
counter-sunk thereby
maintaining the ⁄ ” gap.
If there is any movement,
loosen the screws and shim
tighter to maintain the ⁄ ”
gap, then re-tighten the
screws.
When shims are properly installed, the frame should not move
or twist when the screws are tightened and counter-sunk, thus
maintaining the ⁄ ” gap between the edge of door panel and
frame. If there is any movement, loosen the screws and shim
tighter to maintain the ⁄ ” gap, then retighten the screws.
8
Step 5B: For double doors with concealed top and bottom flush bolts
A
A
Stand on the outside of the doorway. With the exterior side of
the door unit facing you, tilt the door unit toward you (Figure 6). The
brickmould (not supplied with all units) should rest up against the
siding of the exterior wall (Figure 7) and should slide into the RO of a
brick home (Figure 8).
Remove this portion of plug prior
to installing.
Ensure that there is an even gap across the top of the door slab.
C
3
1
Variations in threshold design may require that the caulk lines be
applied directly to the bottom of the door unit to ensure a
necessary weather-seal. Inspect the bottom of door unit to
confirm it features a flat surface before caulking the sub-floor
area.
Step 5A: For single doors
B
(OXO for unit featuring operable panel with two non-operable panels)
Figure 2: Caulk is applied in three parallel lines running the width of the sill.
Step 5: Shim and Fasten
X
Screws located in hinge or strike position shall be placed in the
thin (rabbet) section of frame, other screws shall be placed in
thick (stop) section of frame. Wide frames should be attached
with a screw in both sections of the frame to minimize rotation.
single with two sidelites
Figures 7 and 8: The exterior trim (brickmould) rests up against exterior
sheathing or slides into the opening of exterior brick.
Check Your Work: This symbol identifies when the work should
be checked for correctness before continuing with installation.
After shimming, the door is fastened to the studs by installing screws
through the jambs, shims and into the stud (Figure 11).
Figures 21 and 22: The second set of supplied screws is installed in the vacant
hinge holes or under the weatherstripping.
Proceed to Step 6.
Factory-Finished Door System
Because the inside of the jamb is not accessible, a ⁄ ” hole must be drilled through
the factory-finished exterior jamb, ⁄ ” deep at all points where the door system is
shimmed (three on each exterior side of a non-operable panel, Figure 23). Drive
the supplied 2 ⁄ ” installation screws, through the drilled hole in the exterior thick
(stop) section of the jamb, through the shims and into the studs (Figure 24). Use
the supplied caps to cover the holes in the exterior jamb (Figure 25).
3
8
1
3
From the outside and with the door closed, ensure that the frame
is in a straight vertical plane (not twisted). To do this, check that
the weatherstripping on the latch side is evenly compressed along
the entire height of the door slab, without any pinching or gaps
(Figures 8 and 9).
4
1
2
Once there is an even ⁄ ” gap across the top of the door slab and the
weatherstripping is evenly compressed along the height of the door
slab, proceed with the installation.
1
8
Shim at points D, E and F on the perimeter of the frame (Figure 20),
until there is an even ⁄ ” gap on both sides of the operating door slab.
1
8
1
Figure 13: Proper position of shims at the bottom of the door (Points A).
3
From the outside and with the door closed, ensure that the frame
is in a straight vertical plane (not twisted). To do this check that
the weather-stripping on the latch side is evenly compressed
along the entire height of the door slab without any pinching or
gaps (see Figures 9 and 10).
Figure 15: Install
screws underneath the
weatherstripping.
Proceed to Step 6.
Drive the supplied 2 ⁄ ” installation screws, three on each exterior jamb of
a fixed panel, through the exterior (stop) section part of the jamb, through
the shims and into the studs. Note: If the door is factory-finished use the
“Factory-Finished Door System” information for fastening through
exterior jambs.
1
2
2
Figure 18: The gap between the door
slabs and the head is not evenly aligned.
Proceed to Step 6.
Figure 19: The gap between the door
slabs and the head is evenly aligned.
For units with two non-operable panels: Typically long security screws
are used to install the dead bolt strike plate (Step 6).
Figure 23: Pre-finished
systems must have
holes drilled before
screws are installed.
Figures 24 and 25: Drill holes through the exterior jamb
on factory-finished doors to install screws and plugs.
www.masonite.com
Step 8: Caulk Doorway
Step 6: Install Dead Bolt and Strike Plates
Install the dead
bolt strike plate at
the correct location, per the manufacturer installation
detail (Figures 26
and 27).
Steps to test threshold seal
Step 9A: Adjust Sill
Caulk all four exterior corners and all around the brick or siding
in the following sequence:
• caulk the sill on both latch and hinge sides from the edge of the
sill crown along the edge where the sill and jamb or brickmould
meet (Figure 29)
• caulk the front sill edge where the sill and the sub-floor meet
(Figure 30)
Some door units are supplied
with adjustable sills, and these
may be raised or lowered to
form a tight seal with the fixed
sweep on the bottom of the
door. This adjustment requires
a screwdriver with appropriate screw bit. To increase the
height of the sill cap, turn
screws evenly along the rail.
Refer to the “Steps to test
threshold seal”. (Figure 33).
Step 11: How to Stain Wood-Grain Textured Fiberglass Doors
Factory finished door units do not require additonal field finishing. See
maintenance steps for proper care.
1. Close door on a piece of
paper placed over the
threshold.
2. Pull paper between the sweep
of the door and the threshold.
3. If the threshold is properly
adjusted, you should feel
some tension, but if the paper
tears, the door’s seal is too
tight. If there is no tension on
the paper, the door’s seal is too loose.
Requirements:
Find a well-lit staining location that is dust-free, well ventilated and
within the climate conditions recommended by the stain/top-coat
manufacturer.
You will need the following:
Figure 33: Raise or lower the sill by adjusting the sill screws. Some sills may
have covers over the adjusting screws. These covers must be removed prior to
making any adjustments.
Figure 26: Screws fasten the latch plate to the door slab.
Step 9B: Adjust Sweep
To properly adjust the threshold seal if it is too tight.
1. Adjust rail by turning screws evenly a 1/2 turn.
2. Repeat seal test. If paper does not slide beneath door with a
feeling of tension, repeat Step. Re-test seal.
3. Continue testing threshold until it is properly adjusted.
To properly adjust the threshold seal if it is too loose.
(WARNING: Do not increase height by more then ⁄ ”)
1. Adjust rail by turning screws evenly a 1/2 turn.
2. Repeat seal test. If paper does not slide beneath door with a feeling
of tension, repeat Step. Re-test seal.
3. Continue testing threshold until it is properly adjusted.
1
4
Figures 29 and 30: Caulk the sill crown and the front of the sill.
Figure 27: Screws should connect the dead bolt plate to the stud.
Step 7: Insulate
•
•
caulk the top corners where the header and jambs meet, starting
at the weatherstripping and working to the face of the brick
mould (Figure 31)
caulk the perimeter where the exterior trim meets the brick or
siding trim (Figure 32)
Some door units are supplied with
a U-channel adjustable sweep and
these may be raised or lowered to
form a tight seal with the fixed sill.
To adjust the sweep, loosen the
screws that hold the sweep in place
and lower the sweep far enough to
create an airtight seal with the sill.
Once the sweep is positioned prop-
Figure 28: Insulate between the jambs and the wall studs all around the door.
erly, tighten the screws by hand,
taking care not to over-tighten (Figure 34).
Step 11: How to Stain Wood-Grain Textured Fiberglass Doors
Staining:
1. Put on gloves and prepare your materials.
2. Stir stain thoroughly using smooth strokes, avoid creating bubbles
and do not shake the stain container.
3. Working in the specified order and individual section, dip the foam
brush into the stain then use the rim of the container to release any
excess. Use the foam brush to apply the stain onto the section. Using a
cloth, rub the stain into the embossed wood-grain ensuring complete
and even coverage. Stop between sections to tidy up the perimeter with
a rag and mineral spirits. Clean edges will help define the individual
components of the door.
If preferred, the subtle color variation found in wood can be replicated
by selective removal of the stain. Using a rag or cheese cloth, gently rub
the surface removing very small amounts of stain. Apply varying levels
of pressure and work in the direction of the grain. Excessive pressure
will remove too much stain.
4. Once the door has been completely stained, check for any drips.
While the stain is still wet, lightly brush the entire surface of the door
with a china bristle brush. Use long strokes and work in the direction
of the grain to even out color and achieve consistency.
5. Let the first stained surface dry, per the stain manufacturer’s
recommended drying time, before proceeding to the second side.
6. If you prefer a darker appearance, repeat staining steps one through
five only after first coat is completely dry. Do not sand between
staining coats.
D. Sealing or applying the top-coat
The top-coat or sealant for your door is very important and required
for weatherability. It protects the stained door from the elements and
makes the door surface washable. Be sure that the stain coating is
completely dry and then apply a high-quality, UV stabilized, clear
exterior polyurethane coating (satin or low gloss) – used for any
normal exterior wood application.
Note: We recommend that all 6 sides (front and back faces plus all four
edges) be sealed to eliminate moisture absorption. The bottom of your
door panel(s) may contain a factory installed weatherstripping (sweep)
which is sealed prior to installation. Failure to observe this
recommendation may void the warranty.
1. Stir top coat thoroughly using smooth strokes, avoid creating bubbles
and do not shake the top coat container.
Tools:
•
•
•
•
•
Figure 34: U-channel sweeps are adjusted to form a tight seal with the sill.
Figures 31 and 32: Caulk the jambs and the exterior trim.
2. Do not overload the brush. Dip the end of the brush into the coating
and gently slide the flat side of the brush against the edge of the
container to remove the excess.
3. Apply with even gentle strokes. Press hard enough to flex the bristles
just a little and then pull the brush gently along the door’s surface.
4. As you apply the sealant, pull the brush quickly along the area two or
three times lightly to even out the brush strokes.
5. Allow the first coat to dry completely (follow manufacturer’s
recommendations) and apply at least one more coat using the same
steps as above. A minimum of two coats is required for complete
protection and the door should be resealed annually to ensure
lasting protection of the finish.
6. After both sides of the door have been top-coated (twice) and are
completely dry, remove the paper and tape from the glass and
protected surfaces.
7. Clean the glass with window cleaner and remove any finishing
materials from the glass with a safety razor.
8. Replace door back into frame.
Maintenance
1. In the event that the door is scratched after finishing, the damaged
area can be lightly sanded using 400-grit sandpaper (do not over-sand
the surface). Follow the staining and top-coat procedures.
2. Dirt and watermarks can build up on the surface of your finished
door over time. Extend the life of the stain and top-coat by cleaning
the door several times a year. Clean with warm soapy water, rinse and
towel dry.
3. A minimum of two coats of top-coat are initially required for
complete protection. The door system should be resealed every
1 to 7 years depending upon weather exposure.
B. Preparing the door surface
Important: Dust, debris and other surface contaminants can
accumulate on the surface of the door. Therefore, to achieve best results
and maximum coating adhesion, wipe/clean all surfaces of the door
panel(s) and sidelite(s) thoroughly with acetone or mineral spirits.
Mask (tape) off all surfaces that will not be stained.
C. Staining the Door
Use a high quality, heavily pigmented, oil-based stain (recommended).
Gel stains can also be used. Before starting, and occasionally throughout
the project, stir the stain until the texture is creamy. We recommend that
before starting, you try staining a small inconspicuous area of the door
to achieve the desired color.
One coat of stain is required with the recommended (per manufacturer’s
instructions) dry time needed between sides. The stain should be applied
in the following order working on one small section of the door at a time.
Step 10: Install the Latch and Dead Bolt
If the door is center-hinged or has a sidelite, caulk around the mullions
where the mullions contact the sill and header.
Score shims with a utility knife and snap
the shims along the score. Trim any excess
with the utility knife. Insulate around the
top and sides of the door unit in the cavity
between the jamb and the wall studs with
fiberglass blanket insulation
(Figure 28). Install the interior and/or
exterior trim around the door.
Critical Point: The use of expandable type foam is not
recommended as it may cause the door jambs to warp; this
may leave the door inoperable or push the brickmould away
from the jamb.
Coatings and accessories:
• Mineral spirits or acetone
• One pair of rubber gloves
• Lint-free rags or cheese cloth (recommended)
• Stir sticks
• 2” wide foam brush
• Masking tape
• Safety razor blades
• Stain
– High-quality, opaque (non-transparent), heavily pigmented,
oil-based stain (recommended)
– Gel stains can also be used
– Semi-transparent stains are not recommended
• High-quality, exterior grade, UV stabilized polyurethane sealant
(satin or low gloss)
• 2-1/2” wide china bristle brush
A. How to start
Doors can be stained either hanging in the opening or removed from the
frame (recommended). Should you remove the door, take care to protect
it from damage. Sidelites will need to be finished vertically. To remove
the door from the frame, use a center punch and hammer. Strike the
hinge pin from the bottom until it pops up (for outswing units - hinge
leaf must be removed from the door). Drive the hinge pin as far as
possible with the punch. Using a pair of pliers, grasp the hinge pin and,
while twisting, pull the pin out. Remove all door hardware.
Step 11: How to Paint Exterior Doors
Factory finished door units do not require any additonal field finishing.
Requirements:
Find a well-lit finishing location that is dust-free, well ventilated and
within the climate conditions recommended by the coating manufacturer.
Recommended temperature should be between 50˚ - 90˚F degrees
fahrenheit.
Hammer
Center punch
Screwdriver with arrangement of screw bits
Pliers
Safety glasses
Please read and understand the entire staining procedure before
attempting to finish the door. Be sure to follow the (stain and top-coat)
manufacturers detailed application instructions on the product label.
Step 11: How to Paint Exterior Doors
Steel doors should be wiped clean with a solvent such as acetone or
mineral spirits. Allow the cleaning solvent to dry completely – until
there is no residual odor. Once wiped clean, the door must be lightly
sanded with a 220-grit sandpaper. After sanding, the door must be
washed with a mild detergent in warm soapy water, rinsed and then
dried.
Step 11: How to Paint Exterior Doors
Finishing with Spray Applicator:
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for thinning the paint; (i.e. thin
latex paint with water or oil-based with solvent for better atomization
and spraying results). Strain paint before filling the spray pot.
Mask (tape) off all surfaces that will not be painted including all glass.
Avoid runs as a result of overspraying.
C. Painting the Door
Use exterior, high quality, oil-based or 100% acrylic water-based
latex paint of desired color. High quality interior paint can be used
on the interior surface of the door only. Laquer paints are not recommended. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for paint application
by using either a brush or a handheld sprayer.
Note: We recommend that all 6 sides (front and back faces plus all
four edges) be sealed to eliminate moisture absorption. The bottom of
your door panel(s) may contain a factory installed weatherstripping
(sweep) which is sealed prior to installation. Failure to observe this
recommendation may void the warranty.
Painting:
Drying:
Tools:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Finishing with Brush Application:
A. How to start
Doors can be painted either hanging in the opening or removed from the
frame (recommended). Should you remove the door, take care to protect it
from damage. Sidelites will need to be finished vertically. To remove the
door from the frame, use a center punch and hammer. Strike the hinge pin
from the bottom until it pops up (for outswing & self closing units – hinge
leaf must be removed from the door). Drive the hinge pin as far as possible
with the punch. Using a pair of pliers, grasp the hinge pin and, while
twisting, pull the pin out. Remove all door hardware.
B. Preparing the door surface
Important: For adequate paint adhesion the door surface must be
free of dust, debris and other surface contaminants.
#3 Horizontal areas (rails)
#4 Outside vertical areas (stiles)
Note: Units intended for installation in high velocity windstorm region requires
specific grade of latching hardware.
You will need the following:
Coatings and accessories:
• Mineral spirits or acetone
• Soapy water (mild detergent in warm water)
• One pair of rubber gloves
• Stir sticks
• Masking tape
• Safety razor blades
• 220-grit sandpaper
• Paint
– High-quality, oil-base or 100% acrylic water-based latex paint of
desired color
– Laquer paints are not recommended
• 2-1/2” wide brush appropriate for type of paint (A natural bristle
brush should be used with oil-based paint and a synthetic bristle brush
should be used with latex paint.)
Please read and understand the entire painting procedures before
attempting to finish the door. Be sure to follow the paint manufacturer’s detailed application instructions on the product label.
#2 Vertical center areas (mullions)
Figure 35: The latch and dead bolt are installed per the hardware manufacturer
installation detail.
The door can be painted in horizontal (recommended) or vertical
position; however, the paint should be applied in continuous strokes
extending six inches past the edges of the door. This will ensure
uniformity across the entire surface of the door. Multiple light coats
are better than one heavy coat.
Note: Painting instructions specifically refer to the door and sidelite
panels. Oil-based paint should not be used on wood frame components
(jambs & brickmould).
#1 Panels and sticking (moulding profiles)
#5 Edge of door (includes both sides
and top of door)
Fiberglass doors should be wiped clean with a solvent such as acetone or
mineral spirits. Allow the cleaning solvent to dry completely – until there
is no residual odor. Next, the door must be washed with a mild detergent in warm soapy water, rinsed and then dried.
Hammer
Center punch
Phillips screwdriver
Pliers
Safety glasses
Air-less sprayer (optional)
Finishing Order:
Put on gloves, safety glasses, and prepare your materials. Before
starting, and occasionally throughout the project, stir the paint using
smooth strokes until the texture is creamy – avoid creating bubbles.
Dip the brush into the paint, then use the rim of the container to
release any excess paint. Apply paint as evenly as possible while still
wet. Brush strokes should follow the grain direction of the selected area.
Start working on the panels and sticking (moulding profiles), then the
vertical center mullion, next the horizontal rails, then the vertical stiles,
and finally, the outside edges (stiles and top rail, see figure 1 for details).
Doors that are outswing or have adjustable surface mounted sweeps will
need to have the sweep removed and the bottom rail painted.
Finishing Order:
For wood-grain textured door
finishing with brush.
#1 Panels and sticking
(moulding profiles)
#2 Vertical center areas
(mullions)
#3 Horizontal areas (rails)
#4 Outside vertical areas
(stiles)
#5 Edges of door
(includes both sides
and top of door)
Step 12: Corner Seal (Foam Pad) Installation
Proper installation of the corner seals (Foam Pads) is critical to the
performance of your new door system. Please use these photos along with
Step #12 to make sure the corner seals are properly installed.
1. At the ends of the
sill, apply a bead of
caulk where the cap
and jamb/mullion
meet.
2. Apply the corner pad
with the thick side
towards the weatherstrip and the thin side
even with the edge of
the jamb/mullion. Be
sure the pad is seated
in the caulk.
Patio/Double Doors
At the astragal, apply
the pad with the thin
side flush with the
edge of the astragal and
the bottom of the pad
against the sill cap.
Trouble Shooting
IMPORTANT: Let the paint dry completely, following the manufacturer’s recommended drying time before handling the painted surface
or applying a second coat. If possible, allow the door to dry in a horizontal position to minimize paint runs. High humidity and/or low temperatures may extend your drying time.
Warning: Foam-filled doors painted with dark colors or with attached
storm doors, may become very hot to the touch in direct sunlight.
Do not paint the weather strip and do not close door until paint is dry
(see paint manufacturer’s specifications on minimum drying time).
To maintain product warranty: Paint the door, frame, header and
brickmould within 45 days of installation.
Maintenance:
1. In the event that the door is scratched after finishing, the damaged
area can be lightly sanded using 400-grit sandpaper (do not over-sand
the surface). Follow the finishing procedures on the inside of this brochure.
2. Dirt and watermarks can build up on the surface of your finished
door over time. Extend the life of the paint by cleaning the door a few
times a year. Clean with warm soapy water, rinse and towel dry.
3. Repainting every 1 to 7 years will be required, depending upon
weather exposure.
If it becomes apparent that there is some trouble with the operation of
the unit, the first thing to check is the installation of the unit into the
rough opening. Check to insure that ⁄ ” gap across the top edge of door
panel and frame holds true for the entire width of the door
opening AND that weatherstripping is evenly compressed the entire
height of the door opening. Secondly, check that the two jambs are
correctly aligned with each other and that incorrect nailing on shims
have not twisted the jambs.
1
8
Check all Critical Points to confirm that unit was installed correctly in
proper rough opening.
Warranty
Warranties are available for most products. Please check with your
dealer or distributor for current warranty terms and conditions.
www.masonite.com
MIC-11506 Rev. B 12-01-11
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