Making Enterprise Security Simple

Making Enterprise Security Simple
Making Enterprise Security Simple
Carrier class solutions for business
Security matters. The internet is, of course, a very public
network, which means that protecting private networks from
malevolent content and users is a mission‑critical priority for
communications service providers and enterprises.
And let’s not underplay the value
of what we’re protecting. For most
enterprises, the contents of their
network are the lifeblood of the
business – from proprietary data
and designs to R&D and business
strategy, intellectual property,
customer lists, financial documents
and confidential personnel data.
In fact, an enterprise network can
be one of a company’s most valuable
It’s also undeniable that the
number of external/internal threats
and vulnerabilities associated
with such networks continues to
increase, with attacks growing in
number, complexity and impact.
As network users, communications
protocols and hackers become
more sophisticated, and portable
access and storage devices
proliferate, it’s unsurprising
such attacks are becoming more
Making Enterprise Security Simple
As the edge of corporate networks
continues to expand, we’re also
beginning to see the first wave of
viruses in cell phones and PDAs and
hackers have already started figuring
out ways to hijack VoIP sessions.
These are all trends expected to not
only continue, but grow.
In an enterprise context, we
must also consider the challenges
associated with greater mobility. It
goes without saying that businesses
value new communications tools
that improve the flexibility and
productivity of their workforces.
However, with increased mobility
comes the threat from workers who
come back to the home office with
viruses on their notebooks, phones
or PDAs – viruses that are then
introduced to enterprise networks.
Making Enterprise Security Simple
So for IT managers and administrators, it’s not a question
of whether security threats are real and present dangers
– that’s a given. The challenge lies in keeping up to speed
on where the next new threat is likely to emerge and how
to prioritize defense against those that already exist
In short, modern, progressive
businesses can no longer regard
carrier-class network security as
a ‘nice-to-have’ add-on. Firstrate network security must lie
at the heart of every company’s
communications infrastructure, a
routine cost of doing business like
building insurance and salaries.
What’s the problem?
Figure 1 summarizes the most
common types of security threats to
corporate networks. For enterprises
able to quantify the consequences of
such attacks, denial of service (DoS)
incidents and the theft of proprietary
information are considered the
most costly. The nuisance and timewasting associated with viruses and
worms come in a close third.
Denial-of-service attacks are attempts
to render services unusable through
assaults on network resources like
routing devices, email and domain
name system (DNS) servers. DoS
tactics center on the overload,
disruption and destruction of
resources. Incidents are characterized
according to the focus of the attack
and the most common include:
•the consumption of network
resources, such as bandwidth,
disk space, or CPU time;
•the disruption of configuration
information, such as routing
•the disruption of physical
network components.
Figure 1. The most common types of security threats to corporate networks
Type of risk
What does this mean?
Range of best-to-worst case scenario
Denial of service
Traffic over the internet connection slows
or stops
Slowed services, order receipts – to – large
productivity impairment
Malicious code
Viruses, worms, or other harmful code
that compromises system performance
Nuisance – to – large productivity impairment
Compromised access
Insiders or outsiders gain unauthorized
access to system or network resources
Website defacement – to – loss of customer data
Theft of proprietary information
Insiders or outsiders steal intellectual
Minor embarrassment – to – catastrophic loss
Financial fraud
Insiders or outsiders use the firm’s
systems to commit financial fraud
Below-threshold loss – to – catastrophic loss
Equipment theft
Thieves steal IT equipment
Replacement required
Making Enterprise Security Simple
The theft of proprietary data often
demands we examine security
challenges from the outside in. How
can businesses protect networks and
data from unauthorized internal
The growing challenge here is
that technology at the disposal of
uninformed or dishonest employees
and interlopers is becoming more
powerful, cheaper and more portable
all the time. To understand the scale
of the threat, just consider a USB
dumper that, when installed on
your computer, will copy files from
any USB flash drive installed to it
silently in the background. Well,
such applications are already on the
market. And they don’t just copy the
files from a USB drive, but actually
make an image of the USB drive.
In other words, anyone employing
readily available un-deletion tools
has a fair chance of recovering files
deleted from the target drive.
Less dramatic, but no less
In a recent report, analysts Forrester Research
estimated that a denial of service attack can
typically cost a company $100,000 an hour. The
costs to specific types of businesses – for example,
those based around financial transactions and
e‑commerce – could be very much higher.
Making Enterprise Security Simple
concerning, just think about the
ubiquity of iPod-style devices. Then
consider the implications of the
new generation of mega-capacity
hard-drives associated with such
devices. Just how much privileged
information could you squeeze on to
a tiny, very portable 120Gb drive?
The introduction of debilitating
viruses and worms on to the
enterprise network can be
accomplished all too easily and,
once again, with the proliferation
of portable hardware, it is becoming
extremely difficult for businesses
to manage. For example, a popular
technique for security consultants
seeking to expose poor enterprise
housekeeping is to leave promotional
USB memory sticks around the
offices of their clients. The sticks
are incentivised with some kind of
competition or offer but also carry
a harmless virus that is transferred
to the computer in which the drive
is used. Invariably, the vast majority
of workers that pick up a stick go
on to plug it into their computer to
see what happens. Now consider
the same scenario in the context of
a malevolent attack and the huge
numbers of memory sticks, iPods,
PDAs, notebooks and cell phones
introduced on to an enterprise
network on a daily basis.
Of course the bottom line here
is all about the bottom line. In
the final analysis, enterprise
security is focused on protecting
enterprise investments. Think
about the impact of one serious
denial of service incident for a
major enterprise. This could mean
several thousand people unable to
do business for five or six hours.
Imagine the costs of proprietary
information falling into the
hands of a blackcap hacker as a
result of a hijacked session; the
costs relating to remediation and
clean up – the costs of downtime
and loss of productivity across
the business. And consider the
paralysing effect of the threat of
such an attack hanging over a
business – they’ve done it once
and could do it again.
Screenwriters and novelists have
taught us to fear targeted attacks
and technically sophisticated
espionage. The reality is more
prosaic and probably more troubling.
For example, the majority of DoS
attacks on networks are likely to
come from anonymous hackers
simply looking for something to
break or damage. More often than
not, they won’t even know what
they’re targeting. It’s random and
meaningless – except what they’re
targeting could be your business.
The theft of privileged information
by dishonest or disgruntled insiders
is also on the rise, driven by low-cost
technology and the growing number
of technically savvy employees.
In this context, taking
a sensible, measured
precautionary approach to
security simply makes good
business sense.
Making Enterprise Security Simple
What can enterprises to do protect against attack?
How do responsible businesses defend corporate networks – and, of course, the data on
such networks – from outside attack or influence?
In broad terms, what needs to be
done is quite straightforward: secure
the wireless segments, firewall the
wired network, authenticate users,
scan data and constantly monitor
the entire network. You also need to
secure the perimeter of the network.
Any connection to the internet or
any public network – including a
wireless network – needs to have a
firewall in place. Simple.
The trick, of course, is to accomplish
all this efficiently and costeffectively; taking into account
the differing security demands of
different strands of the business –
which in global businesses are likely
to be geographically remote – and
in a manner that is thorough, yet
at the same time doesn’t adversely
impact network performance and
Making Enterprise Security Simple
In addition, modern network
protection is about adopting a
layered approach to security. So, for
example, you’ll need to have virus
scanning on the network, but you
will also want virus scanning on
individual PCs and devices.
This level of diligence implies high
levels of control and functionality,
which is why the armoury of
network security is becoming
significantly more sophisticated.
Traditionally, firewalls have been
regarded as the cornerstones of such
systems, but enterprise products
need to offer much more than simply
a sentry at the front door. Today’s
businesses will also be looking for
advanced distributed denial of
service (DDoS) attack protection,
high-speed content security
– including command blocking,
URL filtering, virus scanning
– strong authentication, real‑time
monitoring, logging, and reporting.
In many cases, it is becoming
advisable for enterprises to employ
what are known as intrusion
detection systems (IDS) throughout
the network, although advanced
firewalls can often deliver much IDS
As the name suggests, the role of an
IDS system is to detect unauthorized
access to or misuse of a network.
These systems are effectively network
burglar alarms, sounding the alert when
an intruder or abuser is detected.
A system that combines the blocking
capabilities of a firewall with the
deep packet inspection of an IDS
In general, IDS
technology falls into
one of two categories
– anomaly detection and
signature‑based detection.
Anomaly detectors focus
on behaviour that deviates
from normal system use.
Signature detectors look for
behaviour that matches a
known attack scenario.
product is sometimes referred to as
an intrusion prevention system or
IPS, although the term is in no way
IPS technology is essentially a
proactive defence mechanism
that detects malicious packets
within normal network traffic,
automatically blocking any offending
data before it can cause damage.
The point here is that these systems
are smarter than the conventional
IDS products that simply raise an
alarm during or after a malicious
payload has been delivered.
However, given that ever more
hi‑spec firewalls, routers, IDS
devices and even AV gateways
all include some kind of
intrusion prevention technology,
differentiating an IPS product from
any of the above is often more a
Making Enterprise Security Simple
matter of marketing than technical
It’s worth emphasizing the value of
a distributed approach to security in
which the most effective means of
IDS and IPS deployment is to have
such systems established around a
network in areas other than those
where the firewalls are located.
Making Enterprise Security Simple
If you’re starting to
suspect this sounds like
a recipe for full-blown
carrier‑class enterprise
network security,
then your suspicions
are justified. The
safety and reliability
of a secure network is
critical to any business
that provides communications
– especially IP-based traffic – to end
users. Whether you’re supporting a
few hundred users or a few hundred
thousand, today’s mission‑critical,
real-time data communications
require each enterprise to become its
own carrier, and therefore to protect
and support its network traffic as a
large carrier would.
Broadly speaking, there are four key
features that ensure carrier class
security for any network:
•distributed architecture with
centralized control;
•seamless interoperability;
•real-time protocol filtering; and
Distributed architecture
with centralized control
The value of this feature is related
to the holistic nature of effective
enterprise security. Protecting
any enterprise network means
developing strategies that embrace
network vulnerability, access
control and user security profile
management, secure communication
and data privacy, electronic record
retention and retrieval, plus any
other data security and management
procedures relating to the regulatory
obligations of your enterprise.
All this suggests high levels of
organisation which clearly needs to
be orchestrated by some measure of
centralized control.
Clearly the security of a network is
only as strong as its weakest link.
This means ensuring a consistent
application of procedure, policy
and technology across the entire
enterprise, especially when business
activity is geographically dispersed.
Such an approach implies a winning
combination of shared local
knowledge coupled with strategic,
centralized control. Let’s take the
example of a national bank, where
the security protocols of multiple
branches are centrally managed from
What are the advantages of such an
approach? First, it allows individual
firewalls to be managed centrally
and this enables an enterprise to
establish, maintain and monitor a
unified security policy across the
group. At the same time, distributed
architecture with centralized control
facilitates the customization of
security at individual branches,
according to circumstances and
From the perspective of consistency
and logistics, centralized control
also allows security personnel to
upgrade security systems across a
dispersed national or even global
business in a matter of hours rather
than months. This approach avoids
situations in which IT staff have
to visit individual branches in
order to upgrade systems and also
prevents potentially dangerous
scenarios where some branches have
been upgraded, others not, so the
collective enterprise is unsure about
the precise level of preparedness at
any given moment.
In short, enterprises – like carriers
– need an easy-to-use centralized
management system that supports
scalability and provides full real-time
management through integrated
security architecture. Whether the
network comprises a few nodes and
remote users or supports hundreds or
even thousands of nodes, the ability
to make a change in one central
location and distribute it throughout
the network instantly is critical to
Making Enterprise Security Simple
For larger enterprises, centralized security
control means there is no need for
experienced IT personnel employed at
individual sites. Clearly, because support,
monitoring and administration can all
be managed from HQ, this can lead to
significant headcount savings.
fast, efficient operations. Such a
system allows network managers to
control thousands of VPN/firewall
devices and hundreds of thousands
of concurrent VPN tunnels from one
Seamless interoperability
The second key feature of carrier
class network security addresses the
challenge of developing an efficient,
effective approach to what is known
Making Enterprise Security Simple
as ‘universal threat management’.
As we have seen, today’s enterprises
require an arsenal of security
technologies to stave off a wide
variety of threats.
At present, the common approach
to threat management is to create a
product that unifies and integrates
multiple security features on to
a single hardware platform. The
trouble is that most enterprises
recognize and place high value on
the emergence of best-of-breed
security components, so why
aggregate key security functionality
like firewall, email gateway, spam
filter, anti-virus, anti-spyware, IDS,
IPS, and vulnerability management
into a single unit, effectively
employing an under-powered
The point here is that running
multiple applications from a single
box will invariably result in an under
powered security system – regardless
of the size of box running the
applications. You will have also
created a single point of failure in
the network. If that box goes, your
whole network goes. The solution
is to distribute the intelligence to a
clutch of ‘best-of-breed’ appliances,
each handling the tasks they are
best at and have been exclusively
designed to tackle. The most
effective security architecture places
the firewall at the center of the
security solution, routing network
traffic through the various best-ofbreed appliances. This is known
as a ‘layered’ security approach
or distributed unified threat
management (DUTM).
It’s worth noting that even unified
products employing best-of-breed
solutions can run into problems.
For example, this kind of software
is always prone to bugs and patches
and there’s never any guarantee that
when you upgrade to fix one piece of
software, that in so doing you don’t
cause problems with other software
you have running in the same box.
In practice, for some light enterprise
applications it may be desirable to
have all of these functions on one
appliance to reduce capex and opex.
However, for most medium‑to‑large
enterprises, such a design is
extremely limiting and likely to
cause network bottlenecks as well
as single points of failure in the
A much more robust approach
and design is one that spreads the
security disciplines throughout the
network, allowing for free flow of
data, best-of-breed technologies in
every category as well as interaction
between those technologies. In
fact, flexibility of interaction is a
key differentiator for the elements
chosen to be included in such a
network design. This kind of system
can be described as a distributed
unified threat management platform.
Having acknowledged the
advantages of a best-of-breed
solution, the next step is to recognize
that different sorts of network
traffic should be treated differently.
This introduces the concept of
rules‑based routing, a routing system
based on protocols that can forward
data packets, depending on the type
of traffic, to the appropriate third
party security appliance such as
anti‑virus scanning, spam filtering,
URL blocking, content filtering, etc.
Rules-based routing enables
firewall functionality to
interoperate seamlessly
with any third party
best-in-class solution
to provide maximum
flexibility, enabling
traffic segmentation
across security zones
and freeing individual
network components from
unnecessary processing
Making Enterprise Security Simple
By routing only the traffic that
requires scanning, rather than all
of the data that passes through
a firewall, the overall flow of
the network can be much more
efficient. Security administrators
can determine what they would like
scanned by what equipment and
what doesn’t need to be scanned
at all, thus reducing potential
bottlenecks on the network.
be able to help minimize the impact
of latency and handle significant
variations in demand, without
compromising quality of service for
Large enterprise networks have long
had to contend with the fact that
SIP and H.323 require the use of
multiple randomly selected ports
to deliver associated data during a
A rules‑based routing solution can
be configured to route only the
protocols that require scanning,
leaving ‘clear’ traffic free to move
quickly and efficiently to its
Figure 2. The seven layers of the OSI model
Real-time protocols
The third characteristic of effective
carrier class security is the ability
of systems to cope as data networks
move to supporting real-time IP
communication services such as
VoIP and IPTV. In the new service
environment, security elements must
ensure such communications take
place securely, without creating an
open back door into the network.
In addition, such systems must also
Making Enterprise Security Simple
7 Application
6 presentation
5 session
4 transport
3 network
2 data link
1 physical
session. This is a great challenge for
the firewall in that the randomly
selected port range is 64,000 ports. If
the firewall were to open all 64,000
ports each time a call was being
established there would be nearly no
security at all. When a data transfer
is completed, the ports are often left
open, allowing hackers to conduct
a random port scan to gain access
to secure networks. In addition,
complex protocols like FTP and
Telnet employ a command set that
requires filtering at the application
layer (ie. layer 7 of the OSI model).
system to move the packets only
between the initiation point and the
endpoint, closing the ports when the
call is terminated.
A real-time protocol technique
called dynamic pinholing supports
VoIP and IPTV types of service
without permanently opening ports
and exposing the network to attack.
The technique means that a firewall
can listen in on port negotiation
during call set‑up for SIP and H.323
in order to open the ports between
the two negotiating endpoints to
allow the call, yet keep the other
64,000 possible ports closed.
In the context of VoIP, many
enterprises will also want to ensure
that dynamic pinholing can be
combined with network address
translation (NAT) technologies for
signalling and transport to ensure
the connectivity and control of IP
phones in ‘private’ environments.
Effective bandwidth management
is also becoming a hot topic in
the context of real-time services
like VoIP. Clearly, bandwidth
management has always been an
important element of network
performance, simply because
applications can perform poorly
or fail if too much bandwidth is
allocated to or demanded by any
class of traffic. Successful bandwidth
management is always about
maintaining an appropriate mix of
high- and low-priority traffic.
However, emerging real-time
communications services require
highly granular bandwidth
management control, functionality
that enables administrators to
prioritize quality of service (QoS)
by managing bandwidth at the level
of the interface, the rule-set, the
rule and the session. This level of
control is critical when working
with any real-time application, since
the ability to guarantee bandwidth
In addition, application or layer
7 filtering (ie. assessing traffic
at the application layer) has
been developed to recognize
IP communication packets and
dynamically open ports on the
for each individual session enforces
good QoS for the VoIP call or other
real time session.
Imagine if you only had bandwidth
management at the physical
interface. You might have hundreds
of real‑time applications like VoIP
calls active at any given time. You
might also have other data users
on that interface. So if some heavy
data application or download starts
Making Enterprise Security Simple
running on that interface you could
lose all or some of your VoIP calls or
reduce them to a quality that is so
poor that the users would hang up.
In addition, administrators must be
able to provision server-level QoS
with bandwidth limits to ensure that
web servers are further protected
against DDoS attacks. In this context,
it is becoming increasingly important
to be able to restrict the number of
new sessions per second to defend
against malicious disruption.
At customer level, QoS control
must ensure that one customer isn’t
starving other customers of bandwidth
in shared hardware environments.
Reliability & compliance
Finally, the fourth key element
for carrier-class security relates to
reliability. There are two dimensions
to this issue. The first is adherence
to standards and best practices that
address security in all of its many
Making Enterprise Security Simple
Clearly, network reliability
and security have always
been important. However, in
recent years, ensuring such
high standards has become
an issue of legal compliance
in most developed countries.
With regulations like the Health
Insurance Portability and
Accountability Act (HIPAA) and
the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act in
the US, and the implications of
initiatives like Basel II in Europe,
security has suddenly become a Clevel imperative for the majority of
In addition, enterprises that interact
with government or other security
intensive systems often require
assurance certification like federal
information processing standards
and EAL-4 in order to do business.
In many industries, the failure to
take proactive action to ensure
robust, secure networks is now as
much a matter for corporate lawyers
as IT professionals. In the US, for
example, the HIPAA’s security
rule requires that all healthcare
organizations adopt ‘reasonable and
appropriate administrative, technical
and physical safeguards’:
•to ensure the integrity and
confidentiality of patient
•to protect against any reasonably
anticipated threats or hazards to
the security or integrity of the
•to protect against unauthorized
use or disclosure of the
•to otherwise ensure compliance
among employees or officers.
Until case law and negotiation
establishes agreed-upon baselines as
to what comprises the appropriate
safeguards, technology and
procedures, businesses would be
wise to seek compliance with
international industry standards.
Deploying systems based on key
international standards such as the
International Telecommunications
Union’s X.805 and the ISO 18028-2
standard ensures not just reliability,
but also enables businesses to be
seen to be making every effort to
protect both networks and data.
Hot failover is failover without
perceptible downtime, a capability
that is especially important in the
context of emerging real-time
services like video conferencing,
Other key features that
contribute to reliable network
security include hack-proof,
carrier-hardened operating
systems and firewalls that employ
faster and more robust flash
memory rather than hard-drive
based technology.
The second dimension to ensuring
reliability is the fundamental
security architecture of networks.
Delivering reliability in the network
infrastructure requires features such
as hot failover without dropping
sessions. Failover is, of course, an
ability to switch over automatically
to a redundant or standby system
in the event of failure or abnormal
termination of the active system
without human intervention.
Making Enterprise Security Simple
Alcatel-Lucent for carrier-class network security
Alcatel-Lucent’s Bell Labs division
has recognized the need to provide
innovative security solutions to
help reduce the growing number
of threats confronting today’s
enterprise networks. In response to
these needs, Bell Labs developed
the Alcatel-Lucent VPN Firewall
portfolio, a unique three-tier security
architecture that includes:
•VPN Firewall Brick® platforms:
Security appliances that integrate
deep packet inspection firewall
functionality with advanced VPN
•Alcatel-Lucent Security
Management Server: Software
for robust, tightly synchronized
firewall, VPN, service quality,
VLAN and virtual firewall policy
•Alcatel-Lucent IPSec Client:
Easy-to-use IPSec software
delivering secure remote access to
VPN services.
Collectively, these unique elements
comprise a world-class solution that
addresses all four key criteria that
ensure carrier class security for any
•distributed architecture with
centralized control;
•seamless interoperability;
•real-time protocol filtering; and
Making Enterprise Security Simple
Distributed architecture
with centralized control
Alcatel-Lucent’s approach to
enterprise network security
architecture is founded on a
central management platform that
controls all firewall bricks directly,
even in global networks. This is an
important advantage for mid-sized
and large enterprises, where the cost
of administration outweighs all other
cost factors in the deployment of a
security solution.
At the heart of this centralized
architecture is the Alcatel-Lucent
Security Management Platform.
This tool manages and monitors
all aspects of the Alcatel‑Lucent
VPN Firewall Brick and AlcatelLucent IPSec clients and provides a
wealth of management capabilities,
•Hierarchical management tiers
rapidly to provision and manage
up to 20,000 Brick appliances
and 500,000 clients from a single
•Full redundancy/failover capabilities
for load-sharing and disaster
recovery operation.
•Seamless integration of firewall,
VPN, bandwidth management,
virtual LAN (VLAN) and virtual
firewall policy management
– centralized real-time monitoring,
robust logging and customized
reporting capabilities.
In addition, Alcatel-Lucent’s
approach to security management
helps reduce delays, IT staff time
and headcount across an enterprise
by facilitating centralized control
of software upgrades and patches.
This also means administrators can
ensure consistent levels of security
in all parts of a business, even when
that business is dispersed nationally
or even globally.
Seamless interoperability
Mission critical networks require
a multi-tiered security approach.
As we have seen, in most cases an
architecture in which all security
features reside in a single appliance
is not the best approach. A better
solution is to adopt a ‘distributed
universal threat management’
strategy that controls the interaction
of a range of ‘best-of-breed’
appliances from each of the security
Flexibility of interaction is a key
differentiator for the devices selected
to protect the network. And the
ability to route according to protocol
at the rule level in each of the
firewalls provides the flexibility to
build a true multi-tiered secure
Alcatel-Lucent’s Security
Management Server version 9.1
enables a new Bell Labs-developed
feature called Rules Based Routing.
This technique allows routing based
on protocols and forwards data
packets, depending on the type of
traffic, to the appropriate third party
security appliance such as anti-virus
scanning, spam filtering, URL
blocking, content filtering, etc. This
enables the Alcatel-Lucent device to
interoperate with any third party
best-in-class solution to provide
maximum flexibility and
interoperability. This in turn enables
traffic segmentation across security
zones and frees individual network
components from unnecessary
processing loads.
Alcatel-Lucent security solutions
also efficiently address the need
to contain operations
outlays by making
efficient use of in-house
technical expertise and
protecting network
investments. Introducing
them requires no costly network
retrofits. As a true layer 2 network
device, Alcatel-Lucent’s VPN
Firewall Brick security appliance
was also designed to integrate
seamlessly into existing corporate
networks, with little or no network
reconfiguration required. Although
operating as a layer 2 network
device the bricks filter all the way
up to layer 7 of the OSI model, see
Figure 2. p14.
Making Enterprise Security Simple
Unlike many competitive products,
VPN Firewall Brick platforms are
built as security-specific devices
and, in contrast to traditional
router-based systems, they operate
as intrinsically secure ethernet-layer
bridges that are virtually invisible to
hackers scanning a network.
endpoints to allow the call, yet keep
the other 64,000 possible ports
Completely segregated from the
routing process, these security
appliances are not vulnerable to
dynamic routing protocol attacks.
In many instances, they are literally
undetectable, protecting enterprises
with a high level of stealth security.
This is a powerful improvement
over existing models for IP-based
voice traffic, which employ a
firewall device permanently or
temporarily opening a range of ports
to allow IP voice calls. The control
of dynamic pinholing reduces the
chance that malicious hackers
can exploit these open ports to
gain entry to an Alcatel‑Lucent
protected network through this
Real-time protocols
Alcatel-Lucent’s VPN Firewall Brick
platforms have evolved to support
real-time, latency‑sensitive, IP-based
multimedia services such as VoIP
and IP videoconferencing. One of
the key innovations in this area is
the implementation of a technology
called dynamic pinholing.
As we have seen, this technique
means a firewall can listen in on port
negotiation during call set‑up for
SIP and H.323 in order to open the
ports between the two negotiating
Most firewall technology filters at
layers 4 and 3 (transport and IP).
This is fine for simple protocols.
However, there are protocols that
are much more complex and require
filtering at the application layer (7),
see Figure 2. p14. Consider protocols
that have commands embedded
in them like H.323, SIP or maybe
something more familiar like FTP
where you can use Put and Get
commands. These types of protocols
require a system that allows the
protocol through the network,
Making Enterprise Security Simple
yet is also able to finely tune it so
administrators have control over
the actual commands within the
Alcatel-Lucent’s VPN Firewall Brick
platforms allow application or layer
7 filtering (ie. assessing traffic at the
application layer) to facilitate more
granular control of traffic.
Network security and quality of
service can be increased through
sophisticated Bell Labs engineered
bandwidth management methods,
which incorporate a robust
implementation of class-based
queuing (CBQ) technology for
committed‑rate bandwidth control
and traffic prioritization.
From a security perspective,
bandwidth limits help defend against
flood attacks, while bandwidth
guarantees also enhance end user
experiences and can be enforced
at the server and user levels.
Traffic can be classified by physical
interface, virtual firewall, policy
rule and session, enabling simplified
yet precisely targeted security
implementations. This is essential
to ensure that next-generation,
time-sensitive IP applications, such
as VoIP and IPTV, meet the service
level quality requirements required
for effective implementation.
Bell Labs, the research organization
that pioneered ‘five-nines’ reliability
in the circuit‑switched world, is
now focused on applying its security
insights, technologies, architectures,
and standards to the new converged
wireline and wireless enterprise
This means a high-availability
architecture is built into every
component of the Alcatel-Lucent’s
VPN Firewall portfolio. This
ensures there is no single point
of failure solution-wide. All VPN
Firewall Brick systems support
native subsecond failover to a
standby unit. In an outage, services
continue uninterrupted. Out-ofband management capabilities help
ensure continued service even if
communications are lost due to a
network outage.
For added reliability, AlcatelLucent’s Security Management
Server software can be distributed
across multiple geographically
dispersed operations centers for
active/active network redundancy.
This enables immediate
disaster recovery in the event
of a catastrophe at the primary
management location.
In addition, Alcatel-Lucent’s
standards driven approach to
security ensures an environment
that places reliability and
interoperability at the top of the
agenda. Bell Labs’ security model,
now the basis of both the ITU
X.805 standard (generally geared
toward service providers) and an
ISO 18028-2 standard (generally for
enterprises), is a Bell Labs pioneered
approach to assessing, planning,
managing and maintaining secure
computer and telecommunications
networks, regardless of which
technologies or vendors are used.
Bell Labs’ security model provides a
systematic framework that addresses
these challenges for
ensuring network security,
filling a void in existing
security standards by
providing a holistic network
security architecture that is
applicable to the end user,
management and control
or signalling of network
infrastructures, services and
The framework helps enterprise
customers and service providers
combat network security threats
across several network dimensions
and potentially save millions of
dollars in security vulnerabilities by
identifying the security investments
that can drive more efficiency into
the supply chain and thereby lower
costs and raise productivity.
Making Enterprise Security Simple
Alcatel-Lucent’s VPN Firewall (LVF) portfolio
The Alcatel-Lucent VPN Firewall portfolio offers flexible deployment options to suit service
provider, government, and enterprise network strategies.
P ortf o li o benefits and feat ures inclu de:
• Simplified management
– unique client/server design; centralized
staging, real-time monitoring and no-touch
management of all VPN, security and
service quality assurance capabilities via
scalable, proven Alcatel-Lucent SMS.
• Full-featured bridging –
enables stealthy, depth-of-defence security
that conventional router-based firewalls
cannot match.
• Advanced security
safeguards – denial‑of‑service
attack protection; high-speed content
security; premium authentication services;
with no occurrences of reported advisories
or vulnerabilities and no backdoors.
• Uniquely granular
bandwidth management
– maximize service quality via flexible
class‑based queuing (CBQ) technology,
server level and user level limits and
Making Enterprise Security Simple
• Carrier-grade reliability
– native high availability architecture with
no single point of failure.
• Virtual firewall and VLAN
support – easily assign and enforce
security policies for diverse user groups.
• Rules-based routing – Routes
all packets matching the rule to a proxy
server, router or other device utilizing third
party software to perform content filtering
functions such as command blocking,
URL filtering and virus scanning. Allows
transparent interaction with any third party
• Plug-and-play deployment
– implement secure mission critical
applications without costly, time intensive
network reconfiguration.
• High-performance packet
processing – supports up to 4 million
simultaneous sessions, 1100 virtual
firewalls, 20,000 VPN tunnels.
• Ultra-thin, highly secure
operating system – virtually
impenetrable to hacker attacks; frees
memory for packet processing, policy
• Low ownership costs – no
ongoing feature-licensing expenses;
easy installation, management and
upgrades save IT staff time and effort;
high performance, high capacity features
reduce the need to purchase additional
equipment. Alcatel-Lucent’s VPN Firewall Brick Family
tech nica l specific ations
IPSec Client 9.0
• Easy to use IPSec w/IKE Auto policy
• Stateful Firewall Client “status logs”
• Managed client option
• Interoperable w/full portfolio
Alcatel-Lucent Security
Management Server (LSMS)
• Software for robust, tightly synchronized
firewall, VPN, service quality, VLAN and
virtual firewall policy management
Brick 50
Brick 150
Brick 700
Brick 1200
Brick 1200 HS
• 3 x 10/100 ports
• 195 Mbps firewall
• 75 Mbps 3DES
• 135,000 sessions
• 1000 VPN tunnels
• 50 virtual firewalls
• 4 x 10/100 ports
• 330 Mbps firewall
• 127 Mbps 3DES
• 245,000 sessions
• 1000 VPN tunnels
• 150 virtual firewalls
• 8 x 10/100/1000 ports
• 1.7 Gbps firewall
• 425Mbps 3DES
• 350Mbps AES
• 1,000,000 sessions
• 20,000 new sessions/s.
• 7500 VPN tunnels
• 350 virtual firewalls
• 10 gigabit ports
• 2 x GBIC & 8 x
• 3 Gbps firewall
• 1.1 Gbps 3DES/AES
• 2,000,000 sessions
• 30,000 new sessions/s
• 10,000 VPN tunnels
• 500 virtual firewalls
• 20 gigabit ports
• 6 x GBIC & 14 x
• 10/100/1000
• 4.75 Gbps firewall
• 1.7 Gbps 3DES/AES
• 3,000,000 sessions
• 45,000 new sessions/s.
• 20,000 VPN tunnels
• 1100 virtual firewalls
SmallMidLarge enterprise
Data center
Making Enterprise Security Simple
If you think carrier class security is just for large
carriers, then think again. The safety and reliability of a
secure network is critical to any business that provides
communications – especially IP‑based traffic – to end users.
Whether you’re supporting a few
hundred users or a few hundred
thousand, today’s mission-critical
real-time data communications
require each enterprise to become its
own carrier, and therefore to protect
and support its network traffic as a
large carrier would.
Alcatel-Lucent’s standards-based
VPN Firewall portfolio founded
on distributed architecture with
centralized control, with powerful
features like Rules Based Routing,
provides a best in class multi-tiered
secure network solution for today’s
To reduce headcount and
administration costs, mid-sized
and large enterprises require
security solutions with centralized
management capabilities designed
for the managed services space.
For both service provider
and enterprise customers,
Alcatel‑Lucent’s Bell Labs division
continues to innovate: designing
strategies that protect critical
infrastructures from disasters and
attacks, developing products that
help secure networks, databases and
key information against hackers and
corruption, and integrating features
into Alcatel‑Lucent’s products that
make them some of the most
reliable and secure solutions in the
Today’s enterprise networks also
require a multi-tiered security
approach. This means adopting
a distributed universal threat
management strategy, applying
best‑of-breed security controls while
maximizing network efficiency.
Making Enterprise Security Simple
Making Enterprise Security Simple
3GPP Third Generation Partnership Project
ADSL asymmetric digital subscriber line
ALG application layer gateway
ARP address resolution protocol
ARPU average revenue per user
ATM asynchronous transfer mode
BRAS broadband remote access server
BSA broadband service aggregator
BSR broadband service router
business support system
CDR call detail record
central office
CPE customer premises equipment
DBS direct broadband satellite
DHCP dynamic host configuration protocol
DNS domain name system
DoS denial of service
DRM digital rights management
digital subscriber line
DUTM distributed unified threat
ETSI European Telecommunications
Standards Institute
FTTN fiber to the node
GPON gigabit passive optical network
GPRS general packet radio service
high definition
HDTV high definition television
HIPAAHealth Insurance Portability and
Accountability Act
high-speed Internet
HTTP hypertext transport protocol
IGMP Internet group management
IMS IP multimedia subsystem
INAP intelligent network application part
IP internet protocol
Making Enterprise Security Simple
internet protocol television
integrated services digital network
user part
independent software vendor
LAN local area network
LMDS local multipoint distribution system
MPLS multiprotocol label switching
MSPP multiservice provisioning platform
NAT network address translation
NGN next generation network
NOC network operations center
ONT optical network termination
OSS operations support system
PDA personal digital assistant
PLMN public land mobile network
PSTN public switched telephone network
PVR personal video recorder
QoS quality of service
RDP remote desktop protocol
RPR resilient packet ring
standard definition
SDH synchronous digital hierarchy
session initiation protocol
service level agreement
SONET synchronous optical network
set-top box
TDM time division multiplexing
UDP user datagram protocol
UMTSUniversal Mobile
Telecommunications System
VHO video hub office
VLAN virtual LAN
VoD video on demand
VoIP voice over IP
VPLS virtual private LAN service
VSO video service office
Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logo are trademarks of
Alcatel‑Lucent. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Alcatel‑Lucent assumes no responsibility for the accuracy of the information presented,
which is subject to change without notice.
© 05 2007 Alcatel-Lucent. All rights reserved. Brochure ref. SimpleSec0507.
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