The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match

The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match
08/07/21 17:29:27 31MEG650 0001 This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain
with the motorcycle when it is resold.
This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda
Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match your vehicle.
2008 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
08/07/21 17:29:29 31MEG650 0002 2009
Honda VT750C
Shadow Aero
OWNER’S MANUAL
08/07/21 17:29:35 31MEG650 0003 Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
motorcycle.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your motorcycle and how it works.
To protect your investment, we urge you
to take responsibility for keeping your
motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
Introduction
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section,
and both an in-depth table of contents and
an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
08/07/21 17:29:41 31MEG650 0004 Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 203 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important product information.
Introduction
08/07/21 17:29:45 31MEG650 0005 A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely
is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the motorcycle.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
08/07/21 17:29:51 31MEG650 0006 A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Motorcycle Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
08/07/21 17:29:59 31MEG650 0007 Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Motorcycle Safety ............................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 9
The location and function of indicators
and controls on your motorcycle and
operating instructions for various
controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 23
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your motorcycle are ready
to ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 33
How to start and stop the engine, shift
gears, and brake. Also, riding
precautions and important information
about riding with a passenger or cargo.
08/07/21 17:30:11 31MEG650 0008 Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 49
Why your motorcycle needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 139
How to store and transport your
motorcycle and how to be an
environmentally responsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 147
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 177
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 201
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 210
Table of Contents ............................... 212
Sequential listing of topics in this
owner’s manual.
Index..................................................... 216
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
08/07/21 17:30:13 31MEG650 0009 08/07/21 17:30:18 31MEG650 0010 Motorcycle Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
motorcycle safely. Please take a few
moments to read these pages. This section
also includes information about the
location of safety labels on your
motorcycle.
Important Safety Information ................. 2
Accessories & Modifications .................. 5
Safety Labels ........................................... 7
Motorcycle Safety
1
08/07/21 17:30:22 31MEG650 0011 Important Safety Information
Your motorcycle can provide many years
of service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider to be most important.
2
Motorcycle Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 24 ).
08/07/21 17:30:28 31MEG650 0012 Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle Riding Tips, which came
with your new motorcycle (USA only).
Because many accidents involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a certified course
approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 26 .
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles
because they are not looking for them. To
make yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Ride Defensively
The most frequent motorcycle collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
motorcycle. Another common situation is
a car moving suddenly into your lane.
Motorcycle Safety
3
08/07/21 17:30:33 31MEG650 0013 Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond
your personal abilities or faster than
conditions warrant. Remember that
alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can
significantly reduce your ability to make
good judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Motorcycle Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your motorcycle
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your motorcycle before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 31 ), and
do not modify your motorcycle (page 6 )
or install accessories that would make
your motorcycle unsafe (page 5 ).
08/07/21 17:30:39 31MEG650 0014 Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using nonHonda accessories can make your
motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider
making any modifications or adding an
accessory, be sure to read the following
information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
Honda Genuine Accessories that have
been specifically designed and tested for
your motorcycle. Because Honda cannot
test all other accessories, you must be
personally responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
(cont’d)
Motorcycle Safety
5
08/07/21 17:30:45 31MEG650 0015 Accessories & Modifications
Do not install any fairing or windscreen
unless it was designed and tested by
Honda for your motorcycle. Some
fairings or windscreens, even smaller
ones, can cause unstable handling of
your motorcycle. This is especially true
if the fairing or windscreen is poorly
designed or improperly mounted.
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the motorcycle’s
electrical system capacity (page 186 ).
A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights
or engine power (page 169 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
motorcycle. This motorcycle was not
designed for these attachments, and
their use can seriously impair your
motorcycle’s handling.
6
Motorcycle Safety
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your
motorcycle in any way that would change
its design or operation. Such changes
could seriously impair your motorcycle’s
handling, stability, and braking, making it
unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
motorcycle illegal.
08/07/21 17:30:54 31MEG650 0016 Safety Labels
Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause
serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and
don’t remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Motorcycle Safety
7
08/07/21 17:31:04 31MEG650 0017 Safety Labels
〈 For USA 〉
〈 For Canada 〉
8
Motorcycle Safety
08/07/21 17:31:14 31MEG650 0018 Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
motorcycle.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Operation Component Locations ............10
Indicators .................................................13
Controls & Features.................................17
Fuel Valve ...........................................17
Choke Knob .........................................18
Ignition Switch ....................................18
Start Button..........................................19
Engine Stop Switch .............................20
Headlight Dimmer Switch ..................20
Turn Signal Switch ..............................21
Horn Button .........................................21
Odometer/Tripmeter Select
and Reset Button .................................21
Instruments & Controls
9
08/07/21 17:31:18 31MEG650 0019 Operation Component Locations
clutch lever
engine stop
switch
headlight
dimmer switch
front brake
lever
turn signal switch
throttle grip
horn button
10
Instruments & Controls
start button
08/07/21 17:31:22 31MEG650 0020 Operation Component Locations
steering lock
rear brake pedal
Instruments & Controls
11
08/07/21 17:31:27 31MEG650 0021 Operation Component Locations
fuel valve
ignition switch
helmet holder
choke knob
shift lever
12
Instruments & Controls
08/07/21 17:31:34 31MEG650 0022 Indicators
The indicators on your motorcycle keep
you informed, alert you to possible
problems, and make your riding safer and
more enjoyable. Refer to the indicators
frequently. Their functions are described
on the following pages.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(1) speedometer
(2) neutral indicator
(3) turn signal indicator
(4) high beam indicator
(5) high coolant temperature indicator
(6) odometer/tripmeter display
(7) low oil pressure indicator
(8) odometer/tripmeter select and reset
button
USA: Odometer & tripmeter read in miles.
Canada: Odometer & tripmeter read in
kilometers.
(8)
(7)
(6)
(5)
Instruments & Controls
13
08/07/21 17:31:39 31MEG650 0023 Indicators
Lamp Check
The low oil pressure indicator comes on
when you turn the ignition switch ON so
you can check that it is working. The
indicator remains on until after the engine
is started. The low oil pressure indicator is
identified in the table on page 16 with the
words: Lamp Check.
When applicable, the high beam and
neutral indicators come on when you turn
the ignition switch ON and remain on until
you select the low beam or shift out of
neutral.
14
Instruments & Controls
If one of these indicators does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for problems.
08/07/21 17:31:48 31MEG650 0024 Indicators
1
speedometer
2
3
neutral indicator (green)
turn signal indicator
(green)
high beam indicator
(blue)
high coolant temperature
indicator (red)
4
5
Shows riding speed in miles (USA) or kilometers
(Canada) per hour.
Lights when the transmission is in neutral.
Flashes when either turn signal operates.
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to
the side of the road. See page 166 for instructions
and cautions.
Instruments & Controls
15
08/07/21 17:31:56 31MEG650 0025 Indicators
6
odometer/tripmeter
display
odometer
tripmeter 1 & 2
7
low oil pressure
indicator (red)
8
odometer/tripmeter
select and reset button
16
Instruments & Controls
Shows the total miles (USA) or kilometers (Canada)
ridden (page 22 ).
Shows the number of miles (USA) or kilometers
(Canada) ridden since you last reset the meter. The
tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘TRIP 1’’ and ‘‘TRIP
2.’’ To zero (0) the tripmeter, push and hold the
odometer/tripmeter select and reset button (page
22 ).
Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to
cause engine damage. If the low oil pressure
indicator lights during operation, pull safely to the
side of the road. See page 168 for instructions and
cautions. Lamp Check.
Resets the tripmeter or selects the operation mode:
tripmeter or odometer (page 22 ).
08/07/21 17:32:05 31MEG650 0026 Controls & Features
Fuel Valve
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) fuel valve
The manual fuel valve ( 1 ) is located on
the left side under the fuel tank.
The three-way fuel valve is used to control
the flow of fuel from the fuel tank to the
carburetor.
ON−normal position for riding.
OFF−for parking, storing, or
transportation.
RES−for extra fuel to get to a gas station
for refueling.
Automatic Fuel ON-OFF
With the fuel valve set to ON (or RES),
fuel flows to the carburetor only when the
engine is being started or is running. A
diaphragm shuts off fuel flow when the
engine is turned off.
Reserve Fuel
Remember to check that the fuel valve is
in the ON position each time you refuel. If
the valve is left in the RES position, you
may run out of fuel with no reserve.
For complete information about fueling
your motorcycle, see page 73 .
Instruments & Controls
17
08/07/21 17:32:14 31MEG650 0027 Controls & Features
Choke Knob
Ignition Switch
LEFT SIDE
The ignition switch ( 1 ) is used for starting
and stopping the engine (page 35 ). The
ignition key is also used to lock the
steering for theft prevention (page 45 ).
Insert the key and turn it to the right for
the ON position.
(B)
(A)
Key Position
ON
OFF
(1)
(1) choke knob
(A) fully ON
(B) fully OFF
The choke knob ( 1 ) may be used when
starting the engine. See page 36 .
18
Instruments & Controls
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
08/07/21 17:32:21 31MEG650 0028 Controls & Features
LEFT SIDE
OFF
Start Button
ON
(1)
(1) ignition switch
If a key ring is used, we recommend a
fabric or leather type with just the key
attached. The use of a metal key ring or
the attachment of additional keys to any
type of key ring may damage the finish of
the side cover and engine cover while
inserting the key or riding.
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 36 .
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight
will automatically go out, but the taillight
will stay on.
The starter motor will not operate if the
engine stop switch is in the OFF position
when the start button is pushed.
Instruments & Controls
19
08/07/21 17:32:28 31MEG650 0029 Controls & Features
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(2)
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch OFF, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
20
Instruments & Controls
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
08/07/21 17:32:36 31MEG650 0030 Controls & Features
Turn Signal Switch
Horn Button
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking. To
cancel the light, push the switch in.
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
LEFT HANDLEBAR
The odometer/tripmeter display ( 1 ) has
two functions, odometer and tripmeter.
Odometer/Tripmeter Select and
Reset Button
(1)
The tripmeter will show mileage in two
sub modes, ‘‘TRIP 1’’ and ‘‘TRIP 2.’’
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
HI
LO
(cont’d)
Instruments & Controls
21
08/07/21 17:32:44 31MEG650 0031 Controls & Features
(3)
Push the odometer/tripmeter select and
reset button ( 2 ) to select the ‘‘ODO’’,
‘‘TRIP 1’’ or ‘‘TRIP 2’’ mode.
(4)
To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the
odometer/tripmeter select and reset button
with the display in the ‘‘TRIP 1’’ or
‘‘TRIP 2’’ mode.
(5)
(2)
FRONT
(1)
(6)
(2)
(1) odometer/tripmeter display
(2) odometer/tripmeter
select and reset button
22
Instruments & Controls
(3) odometer
(4) tripmeter 1
(5) tripmeter 2
(6) tripmeter reset
08/07/21 17:32:53 31MEG650 0032 Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your motorcycle, and adjustments to make
for your comfort, convenience, or safety.
This section also includes important
information about loading.
Are You Ready to Ride? .........................24
Protective Apparel ...............................24
Rider Training .....................................26
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .......27
Pre-ride Inspection ..............................27
Load Limits & Guidelines.......................30
Loading ................................................30
Load Limits .........................................31
Loading Guidelines .............................31
For information about adjusting the
suspension on your Honda, see page 107 .
Before Riding
23
08/07/21 17:33:02 31MEG650 0033 Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your motorcycle for the
first time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
If you must carry an extra helmet while
riding, use a commercially available
elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the
helmet to the seat.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride,
too, and is wearing proper gear including a
helmet.
24
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
08/07/21 17:33:10 31MEG650 0034 Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker on any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye
protection, and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
25
08/07/21 17:33:16 31MEG650 0035 Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your
motorcycle.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other motorcycles, take time to become
familiar with how this motorcycle works
and handles. Practice riding the
motorcycle in a safe area to build your
skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get
accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls,
and feel comfortable with its size and
weight.
26
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a certified
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). New riders should
start with the basic course, and even
experienced riders will find the advanced
course beneficial. For information about
the MSF training course nearest you, call
the national toll-free number:
(800) 446-9227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
motorcycle (USA only).
08/07/21 17:33:22 31MEG650 0036 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your motorcycle and make sure any
problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the motorcycle:
Tires
&
Wheels
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Look at the tires. If a tire
appears low, use an air
pressure gauge to check its
pressure. Also look for
signs of excessive wear
(page 120 ) or damage to
the tires, rims and spokes.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
Before Riding
27
08/07/21 17:33:31 31MEG650 0037 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
28
Walk around your
motorcycle and look for
anything that appears
unusual, such as a leak or
loose cable.
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
Before Riding
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo,
also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 31 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Adjustments
Adjust the rear suspension
(page 108 ) according to
your load.
08/07/21 17:33:39 31MEG650 0038 Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
motorcycle:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check
it moves smoothly without
binding.
Brakes
Pull the brake lever and
press on the brake pedal to
check that they operate
normally.
Indicators
If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in
over a week, you should also check other
items, such as the oil level and other fluids.
See Periodic Maintenance (page 56 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal operation
of the indicators (page 13 ).
Before Riding
29
08/07/21 17:33:44 31MEG650 0039 Load Limits & Guidelines
Your motorcycle has been designed to
carry you and one passenger. When you
carry a passenger, you may feel some
difference during acceleration and braking.
But so long as you keep your motorcycle
well-maintained, with good tires and
brakes, you can safely carry loads within
the given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your motorcycle’s handling,
braking, and stability. Non-Honda
accessories, improper modifications, and
poor maintenance can also reduce your
safety margin.
30
Before Riding
Loading
How much weight you put on your
motorcycle, and how you load it, are
important to your safety. Anytime you
ride with a passenger or cargo, you should
be aware of the following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
08/07/21 17:33:53 31MEG650 0040 Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Loading Guidelines
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
Your motorcycle is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You
may wish to secure a jacket or other small
items to the seat when you are not riding
with a passenger.
maximum weight capacity:
401 lbs (182 kg)
410 lbs (186 kg) (Canada only)
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
maximum cargo weight:
40 lbs (18 kg)
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 5 .
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
Before Riding
31
08/07/21 17:34:00 31MEG650 0041 Load Limits & Guidelines
Improperly loading your motorcycle can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your motorcycle is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds and never
exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying
cargo.
Follow these guidelines whenever you
carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly
inflated, and that pressure in the rear
tire is increased to suit the load
(page 118 ).
If you change your normal load, you
may need to adjust the rear suspension
(page 108 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
32
Before Riding
Place cargo weight as low and close to
the center of your motorcycle as
possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
Do not attach large or heavy items (such
as a sleeping bag or tent) to the
handlebar, forks, or fender.
08/07/21 17:34:12 31MEG650 0042 Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch,
and brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or
cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 189 ).
Safe Riding Precautions ..........................34
Starting & Stopping the Engine ..............35
Preparation...........................................35
Starting Procedure ...............................36
Flooded Engine ...................................38
How to Stop the Engine ......................39
Shifting Gears ..........................................40
Braking ....................................................42
Parking .....................................................44
Theft-prevention Tips .........................47
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ...........48
For information about carburetor
adjustment and other parts replacement for
riding at high altitude, see page 190 .
Calif ornia only:
To protect the catalytic converters in your
motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid
extended idling and the use of leaded
gasoline.
Basic Operation & Riding
33
08/07/21 17:34:17 31MEG650 0043 Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your motorcycle for the first
time, please review the Motorcycle Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on
page 23 .
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Calif ornia only:
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your motorcycle.
34
Basic Operation & Riding
08/07/21 17:34:25 31MEG650 0044 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust
contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas
which can collect rapidly in an enclosed
area and cause illness or death.
Your motorcycle can be started with the
transmission in gear by pulling in the
clutch lever before operating the starter.
Your motorcycle is equipped with a side
stand ignition cut-off system. If the side
stand is down –– the engine cannot be
started unless the transmission is in neutral.
If the side stand is up –– the engine can be
started in neutral, or in gear with the
clutch lever pulled in. After starting with
the side stand down, the engine will stop if
the transmission is put in gear before
raising the side stand.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The transmission is in neutral (neutral
indicator is ON).
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
The fuel valve is ON.
Basic Operation & Riding
35
08/07/21 17:34:32 31MEG650 0045 Starting & Stopping the Engine
The low oil pressure indicator should go
off a few seconds after the engine starts.
If the low oil pressure indicator lights
during operation, stop the engine
immediately and check the engine oil level.
Starting Procedure
To restart a warm engine, follow the
procedure for High Air Temperature.
Normal Air Temperature
10°−35°C (50°−95°F)
LEFT SIDE
(B)
(A)
(1)
(1) choke knob
36
Basic Operation & Riding
(A) fully ON
(B) fully OFF
08/07/21 17:34:43 31MEG650 0046 Starting & Stopping the Engine
1. Pull the choke knob out all the way to
fully ON (A), if the engine is cold.
2. Start the engine, leaving the throttle
closed.
Do not open the throttle when starting the
engine with the choke on. This will lean
the mixture, resulting in hard starting.
3. Immediately after the engine starts,
operate the choke knob to keep fast idle.
4. About a quarter minute after the engine
starts, push the choke knob ( 1 ) in all
the way to fully OFF (B ).
5. If idling is unstable, open the throttle
slightly.
High Air Temperature
35°C (95°F) or above
1. Do not use the choke.
2. Open the throttle slightly.
3. Start the engine.
Low Air Temperature
10°C (50°F) or below
1. Follow steps 1-2 under Normal Air
Temperature.
2. When engine rpm begins to pick up,
operate the choke knob to keep fast idle.
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
37
08/07/21 17:34:51 31MEG650 0047 Starting & Stopping the Engine
3. Continue warming up the engine until it
runs smoothly and responds to the
throttle when the choke knob is at fully
OFF (B ).
Extended use of the choke may impair
piston and cylinder wall lubrication and
damage the engine.
38
Basic Operation & Riding
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded with excess
fuel. To clear a flooded engine:
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to
RUN.
2. Push the choke knob in all the way to
fully OFF.
3. Open the throttle fully.
4. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
08/07/21 17:35:01 31MEG650 0048 Starting & Stopping the Engine
5. If the engine starts, quickly close the
throttle, then open it slightly if idling is
unstable.
If the engine does not start, wait 10
seconds, then follow the High Air
Temperature procedure (page 37 ).
If the engine still won’t start, refer to If
Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start,
page 149 .
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
engine stop switch OFF and the ignition
switch ON, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, shift into neutral and
turn the ignition switch OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
Basic Operation & Riding
39
08/07/21 17:35:08 31MEG650 0049 Shifting Gears
shifting pattern
Your motorcycle has five forward gears in
a one-down, four-up shift pattern which is
coordinated with a cable-operated clutch
system.
Learning when to shift gears comes with
experience. Keep the following tips in
mind:
40
Basic Operation & Riding
As a general rule, shift while moving in
a straight line.
Close the throttle and pull the clutch
lever in completely before shifting.
Improper shifting may damage the
engine, transmission, and drive train.
Learn to recognize the engagement
point as you release the clutch lever. It
is at this point the transmission of
power to the rear wheel resumes.
Upshift to a higher gear or reduce
throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets
too high. Learn the relationship between
engine sound and the normal shifting
points.
Downshift to a lower gear before you
feel the engine laboring (lugging) at
low rpm.
08/07/21 17:35:17 31MEG650 0050 Shifting Gears
Avoid downshifting to help slow your
motorcycle when engine rpm is high.
Downshifting when engine speed is
near its allowable maximum may overrev the engine and cause possible
damage.
To prevent transmission damage, do not
coast or tow the motorcycle for long
distances with the engine off.
Recommended Shift Points
Ride in the highest gear that lets the
engine run and accelerate smoothly. This
will give you good fuel economy and
effective emissions control. When
changing gears under normal conditions,
use these recommended shift points:
Shif ting Up:
From 1st to 2nd:
From 2nd to 3rd:
From 3rd to 4th:
From 4th to 5th:
12 mph (20 km/h)
19 mph (30 km/h)
25 mph (40 km/h)
31 mph (50 km/h)
Shif ting Down:
From 5th to 4th:
From 4th to 3rd:
From 3rd to 2nd:
28 mph (45 km/h)
22 mph (35 km/h)
16 mph (25 km/h)
Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops
below 9 mph (15 km/h), when engine
roughness is evident, or when engine
stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st
gear for acceleration.
Basic Operation & Riding
41
08/07/21 17:35:24 31MEG650 0051 Braking
Your motorcycle is equipped with a
hydraulically activated disc brake in front
and a mechanically activated drum brake
at the rear. Operating the brake lever
applies the front disc brake. Depressing
the brake pedal applies the rear drum
brake.
As a general rule, the front braking system
provides about 70 percent of total stopping
power.
For full braking effectiveness, use both
the pedal and lever simultaneously. Using
both braking systems will stop your
motorcycle faster with greater stability.
To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and
brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting
to match your speed.
42
Basic Operation & Riding
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed. The increase
in engine compression from downshifting
will help slow your motorcycle.
To prevent stalling the engine, pull the
clutch lever in before coming to a
complete stop. For support, put your left
foot down first, then your right foot when
you have finished braking.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your motorcycle. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
08/07/21 17:35:29 31MEG650 0052 Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your motorcycle.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 26 ) to retain these skills.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control.
For your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade, use
engine compression braking by
downshifting, with intermittent use of
both brakes. Continuous brake application
can overheat the brakes and reduce their
effectiveness.
Riding with your foot resting on the brake
pedal or your hand on the brake lever may
actuate the brakelight, giving a false
indication to other drivers. It may also
overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
Basic Operation & Riding
43
08/07/21 17:35:37 31MEG650 0053 Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the side stand.
If you must park on a hill, leave the
transmission in gear and position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
Calif ornia only:
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when parking
your motorcycle. Refer to Catalytic
Converters (Calif ornia Only), page 197 .
44
Basic Operation & Riding
2. Use the side stand to support the
motorcycle while parked.
To lower the side stand, use your foot
to guide it down. Remember that
lowering the side stand with the
transmission in gear will stop the
engine, even if the clutch lever is
pulled in. That is a function of the
side stand ignition cut-off system.
Check that the side stand is down all
the way so that the side stand ignition
cut-off system (page 35 ) is activated.
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the side
stand for support.
08/07/21 17:35:42 31MEG650 0054 Parking
3. Use the steering lock ( 1 ), which locks
the handlebar in place. Turn the
handlebar all the way to the left. Insert
the ignition key ( 2 ) in the lock and turn
it 180 degrees clockwise. Remove the
key.
RIGHT FRONT
(1) (2)
(1) steering lock
(2) ignition key
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
45
08/07/21 17:35:50 31MEG650 0055 Parking
4. Use the helmet holder ( 3 ) to secure
your helmet with your motorcycle:
Insert the ignition key ( 2 ) and turn it
counterclockwise to unlock the
holder.
Hang your helmet on the holder
pin ( 4 ).
Push in on the holder pin. Remove
the key.
LEFT REAR
(3)
Riding with a helmet attached to
the holder can interfere with the
rear wheel or suspension and
could cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Use the helmet holder only while
parked. Do not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder.
5. Turn the fuel valve OFF.
(4)
(2)
(2) ignition key
(3) helmet holder
46
(4) holder pin
Basic Operation & Riding
08/07/21 17:35:57 31MEG650 0056 Parking
Theft-prevention Tips
Park your motorcycle in a locked
garage whenever possible. If a garage
isn’t available, park in a concealed area
or in a well-lit area with enough
pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 45 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a motorcycle to a
secure object.
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your motorcycle. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.
Basic Operation & Riding
47
08/07/21 17:36:04 31MEG650 0057 Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your motorcycle is designed to carry you
and one passenger. Whenever you add a
passenger or cargo, you must be careful
not to exceed the total load limits for this
vehicle (Load Limits, page 31 ). Make
sure your cargo is properly secured
(Loading Guidelines, page 31 ).
Also consider adjusting the suspension
(page 107 ) for the extra load.
Be aware that carrying a passenger or
heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
48
Basic Operation & Riding
Before riding with a passenger, make sure
your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 24 ).
Tell your passenger to hold the seat strap
or your waist, lean with you in the turns,
and keep their feet on the passenger
footpegs at all times, even when the
motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.
08/07/21 17:36:13 31MEG650 0058 Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your motorcycle in good
shape, this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada (EC), see page 191 .
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 169 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .............52
Maintenance Safety .................................53
Important Safety Precautions ..............54
Periodic Maintenance ..............................56
Maintenance Schedule ............................58
Maintenance Record................................63
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
49
08/07/21 17:36:31 31MEG650 0059 Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations .......65
Tool Kit....................................................68
Owner’s Manual Storage.........................69
Storage Compartment..............................70
Side Cover Removal................................71
Seat Removal ...........................................72
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ..........................................................73
Engine Oil & Filter ..................................76
Coolant.....................................................86
Air Cleaner ..............................................90
Crankcase Breather .................................92
Final Drive Oil .........................................93
50
Servicing Your Honda
Engine
Throttle ....................................................96
Clutch System ..........................................98
Engine Idle Speed................................ 102
Spark Plugs .......................................... 104
Chassis
Suspension ...........................................
Brakes ..................................................
Tires .....................................................
Side Stand ............................................
107
110
118
127
Electrical
Battery ................................................. 128
Appearance Care ................................. 133
08/07/21 17:36:43 31MEG650 0060 Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
27
Periodic Maintenance
56
Maintenance Schedule
58
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
Servicing Your Honda
51
08/07/21 17:36:48 31MEG650 0061 The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained motorcycle will also
help to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your motorcycle before each ride, perform
the periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your motorcycle overturns or is
involved in a crash, be sure your Honda
dealer inspects all major parts, even if you
are able to make some of the repairs
yourself.
52
Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:36:53 31MEG650 0062 Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools provided with your motorcycle.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
53
08/07/21 17:36:59 31MEG650 0063 Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot motorcycle parts. Let
the engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
54
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the motorcycle from
falling over, park it on a firm, level
surface, using the side stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
08/07/21 17:37:03 31MEG650 0064 Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your motorcycle best and is fully equipped
to maintain and repair it. To ensure the
best quality and reliability, use only new
Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual
(page 202 ).
Servicing Your Honda
55
08/07/21 17:37:07 31MEG650 0065 Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 58 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 27 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your motorcycle, or as often as
once a week if you ride frequently or for
long distances. It’s a good idea to perform
this maintenance any time you clean your
motorcycle.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 58 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
56
Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:37:17 31MEG650 0066 Periodic Maintenance
Tires
&
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 118 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 120 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 120 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the
entire surface.
Check the condition of the rims and spokes.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 80 ), coolant (page 87 ),
brake fluid (page 111 ), and final drive oil (page 93 ). Add the
correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid
level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 98 ), rear brake pedal
(page 114 ), and throttle grip (page 96 ).
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
57
08/07/21 17:37:22 31MEG650 0067 Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your motorcycle serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
58
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 202 ).
08/07/21 17:37:29 31MEG650 0068 Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only Honda
Genuine Parts or their equivalents for
repair or replacement to ensure the best
quality and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 27 )
and owner maintenance (page 58 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 202 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
59
08/07/21 17:37:36 31MEG650 0069 Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the
motorcycle is ridden in unusually wet or
dusty areas.
3. Service more frequently if the
motorcycle is ridden often at full
throttle or in the rain.
4. Replace every 2 years, or at indicated
odometer interval, whichever comes
first. Replacement requires mechanical
skill.
5. California type only.
60
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
08/07/21 17:37:46 31MEG650 0070 Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
EMISSIONS-RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
CHOKE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
SUB AIR CLEANER
CRANKCASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUGS
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL FILTER
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
SYSTEM
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
CONTROL SYSTEM
2
3
4
5
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
4
8
24
12
20
16
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
R
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
I
R
R
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
INITIAL = 600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month: R
REGULAR = EVERY 8,000 mi (12,800 km)
or 12 months: R
R
R
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
0.6
1.0
I
Refer to
page
−
−
−
90
−
92
104
−
76
I
81
102
86
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 202 ).
Servicing Your Honda
61
08/07/21 17:37:57 31MEG650 0071 Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
NON-EMISSION-RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
**
*
*
*
*
**
**
FINAL DRIVE OIL
BRAKE FLUID
BRAKE SHOE/PAD WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKELIGHT SWITCH
HEADLIGHT AIM
CLUTCH SYSTEM
SIDE STAND
SUSPENSION
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
WHEELS/TIRES
STEERING HEAD BEARINGS
0.6
1.0
4
I
I
I
I
I
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
24
16
8
20
12
4
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
R
I
I
R
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
93
111
113, 117
110
−
−
98
127
−
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 202 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
62
Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:38:05 31MEG650 0072 Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the
motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.
Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled
maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal
owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to
record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600 (1,000)
4,000 (6,400)
8,000 (12,800)
12,000 (19,200)
16,000 (25,600)
20,000 (32,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
63
08/07/21 17:38:11 31MEG650 0073 Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
24,000 (38,400)
28,000 (44,800)
32,000 (51,200)
36,000 (57,600)
40,000 (64,000)
44,000 (70,400)
48,000 (76,800)
52,000 (83,200)
56,000 (89,600)
60,000 (96,000)
64,000 (102,400)
68,000 (108,800)
64
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
08/07/21 17:38:15 31MEG650 0074 Maintenance Component Locations
front brake fluid reservoir
clutch lever
front brake lever
fuel fill cap
throttle grip
Servicing Your Honda
65
08/07/21 17:38:19 31MEG650 0075 Maintenance Component Locations
spark plugs
battery
rear suspension spring
pre-load adjuster
fuse box
main fuse
air cleaner
crankcase breather tube
front brake caliper
throttle stop screw
rear brake pedal
(engine idle speed)
engine oil filler cap/dipstick
66
Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:38:24 31MEG650 0076 Maintenance Component Locations
storage compartment
tool kit
owner’s manual
spark plugs
rear suspension spring
pre-load adjuster
final drive gear
oil filler cap
final drive gear
oil drain bolt
choke knob
engine oil filter
coolant reserve tank
engine oil drain bolt
Servicing Your Honda
67
08/07/21 17:38:30 31MEG650 0077 Tool Kit
The tool kit ( 1 ) is stored in the storage
compartment ( 2 ) (page 70 ) behind the
left side cover (page 71 ).
An optional, larger tool kit may be
available. Check with your Honda dealer’s
parts department.
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(1) tool kit
68
(1)
(2) storage compartment
Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:38:36 31MEG650 0078 Owner’s Manual Storage
Your motorcycle provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag ( 1 ) in the storage
compartment ( 2 ) (page 70 ) behind the
left side cover (page 71 ).
LEFT SIDE
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your motorcycle.
(2)
(1)
(1) plastic storage bag
(2) storage compartment
Servicing Your Honda
69
08/07/21 17:38:42 31MEG650 0079 Storage Compartment
LEFT SIDE
(3)
The storage compartment ( 1 ) is located
behind the left side cover (page 71 ).
The tool kit and owner’s manual (and
other documents) should be stored in the
storage compartment.
To open the storage compartment, remove
the left side cover (page 71 ). Insert the
ignition key ( 2 ) and turn it 90 degrees
counterclockwise. Open the storage
compartment lid ( 3 ).
(1)
(2)
(1) storage compartment
(2) ignition key
(3) storage compartment lid
70
Servicing Your Honda
To close the storage compartment, close
the storage compartment lid. Turn the
ignition key 90 degrees clockwise and
remove it. Install the left side cover (page
71 ).
08/07/21 17:38:54 31MEG650 0080 Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
The right side cover must be removed to
service the fuses.
The left side cover must be removed to
access the storage compartment and check
the color label or to service the battery.
The right and left side covers can be
removed in the same manner.
Removal
1. Grasp the side cover ( 1 ).
2. Pull out.
Installation
1. Position the cover so the prongs on the
inside of the cover are line up above
their securing slots.
2. Push the cover in place.
RIGHT SIDE
LEFT SIDE
(1) side cover
(1)
(1)
(1) side cover
Servicing Your Honda
71
08/07/21 17:39:03 31MEG650 0081 Seat Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
(2)
(3)
The seat must be removed for battery
maintenance.
(4)
Removal
1. Remove the seat mounting bolt A ( 1 )
and bolts B ( 2 ).
2. Pull the seat ( 3 ) back and up.
(5)
Installation
1. Insert the tab ( 4 ) into the frame cross
member ( 5 ).
2. Tighten the seat mounting bolts
securely.
(1) seat mounting bolt A
(2) seat mounting bolts B
(3) seat
(4) tab
(5) frame cross member
72
Servicing Your Honda
(1)
08/07/21 17:39:11 31MEG650 0082 Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel
because it produces fewer engine deposits
and extends the life of exhaust system
components.
Calif ornia only:
The use of leaded gas will damage the
catalytic converters.
Your engine is designed to use any
gasoline that has a pump octane number of
86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service
stations normally display the pump octane
number. For information on the use of
oxygenated fuels, see page 199 .
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
73
08/07/21 17:39:21 31MEG650 0083 Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Fuel Capacity
(1)
Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:
3.70 US gal (14.0 )
Reserve capacity:
0.87 US gal (3.3 )
The tank should be refilled as soon as
possible after switching to reserve, and the
fuel valve should be returned to the ON
position after refueling to avoid running
out of fuel with no reserve.
(3)
(2)
(1) ignition key
(2) fuel fill cap
(3) filler neck
1. Insert the ignition key ( 1 ) in the fuel
fill cap ( 2 ) and turn it clockwise.
74
Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:39:28 31MEG650 0084 Fuel
2. Open the cap.
3. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 3 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
4. After refueling, align the latch in the
cap with the slot in the filler neck. Push
the cap into the filler neck until it snaps
and locks.
5. Remove the ignition key from the cap.
6. Turn the fuel valve ON (if it was set on
RES).
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
Servicing Your Honda
75
08/07/21 17:39:33 31MEG650 0085 Engine Oil & Filter
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
Using the proper oil (page 77 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 61 .
76
Servicing Your Honda
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
08/07/21 17:39:41 31MEG650 0086 Engine Oil & Filter
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-30
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA
& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil
(Canada only), or an equivalent
motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
MA
Servicing Your Honda
77
08/07/21 17:39:50 31MEG650 0087 Engine Oil & Filter
Your motorcycle does not need oil
additives. Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives. They may
adversely affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication
and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
78
Servicing Your Honda
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
08/07/21 17:39:56 31MEG650 0088 Engine Oil & Filter
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled
on the oil container. For example, the
following label shows the MA
classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
Servicing Your Honda
79
08/07/21 17:40:05 31MEG650 0089 Engine Oil & Filter
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) oil filler cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level mark
80
Servicing Your Honda
1. Park your motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure
indicator goes off. If the indicator
remains on, stop the engine
immediately.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick ( 1 )
and wipe it clean.
5. Hold the motorcycle in an upright
position.
6. Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it
seats, but don’t screw it in.
08/07/21 17:40:13 31MEG650 0090 Engine Oil & Filter
7. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and
check the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 2 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 3 ) –– add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
8. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.
9. Check for oil leaks.
Changing Engine Oil & Filter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new Honda Genuine oil filter or a filter of
equal quality specified for your model.
Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in
leaks or engine damage.
Servicing Your Honda
81
08/07/21 17:40:21 31MEG650 0091 Engine Oil & Filter
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a
means for disposing of the drained fluid
(page 145 ). If you do not have the skills
or the tools, see your Honda dealer.
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park the motorcycle on its side stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the engine oil
drain bolt ( 1 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler
cap/dipstick, engine oil drain bolt, and
sealing washer ( 2 ).
82
Servicing Your Honda
LEFT FRONT, UNDER ENGINE
(1)
(2)
(1) engine oil drain bolt
(2) sealing washer
08/07/21 17:40:29 31MEG650 0092 Engine Oil & Filter
Install a New Oil Filter:
5. Remove the oil filter ( 3 ) with a filter
wrench and let the remaining oil drain
out. Discard the oil filter in an approved
manner (page 145 ).
6. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 145 ).
LEFT REAR, UNDER ENGINE
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
(3)
(3) oil filter
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
83
08/07/21 17:40:38 31MEG650 0093 Engine Oil & Filter
7. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the
rubber seal ( 4 ) of a new oil filter.
(4)
(4) rubber seal
8. Install the new oil filter and tighten it by
hand.
9. Using an oil filter wrench attachment
and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil
filter to the specified torque:
19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
84
Servicing Your Honda
10. Check the condition of the sealing
washer on the engine oil drain bolt.
Replace the washer every other time the
oil is changed.
Install the engine oil drain bolt and
tighten it to the specified torque:
21 lbf·ft (29 N·m , 3.0 kgf·m)
Add Engine Oil:
11. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 77 ),
approximately:
2.7 US qt (2.6 )
12. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
08/07/21 17:40:44 31MEG650 0094 Engine Oil & Filter
13. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
14. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
15. Hold the motorcycle upright and check
that the oil level is at the upper level
mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick
(page 80 ).
16. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Servicing Your Honda
85
08/07/21 17:40:51 31MEG650 0095 Coolant
Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
86
Servicing Your Honda
Use only distilled water as a part of the
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.
This coolant solution is recommended for
most operating temperatures and provides
good corrosion protection.
08/07/21 17:40:57 31MEG650 0096 Coolant
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) UPPER level mark
(2) LOWER level mark
(3) reserve tank cap
Servicing Your Honda
87
08/07/21 17:41:05 31MEG650 0097 Coolant
1. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank. It should be between
the UPPER ( 1 ) and LOWER ( 2 ) level
marks.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
2. Remove the reserve tank cap ( 3 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
3. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
4. Install the reserve tank cap.
88
Servicing Your Honda
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 202 ).
08/07/21 17:41:10 31MEG650 0098 Coolant
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment,
page 145 .
Servicing Your Honda
89
08/07/21 17:41:16 31MEG650 0099 Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new Honda Genuine air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine wear.
90
Servicing Your Honda
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
08/07/21 17:41:24 31MEG650 0100 Air Cleaner
RIGHT SIDE
Replacement
1. Remove the bolts ( 1 ) and air cleaner
housing cover ( 2 ).
2. Remove the air cleaner ( 3 ).
3. Discard the air cleaner.
Thoroughly clean the inside of the air
cleaner case ( 4 ).
4. Install a new air cleaner.
5. Install the removed parts in reverse
order of removal.
(3)
(2)
(1)
(4)
(1) bolts
(2) air cleaner
housing cover
(3) air cleaner
(4) air cleaner case
Servicing Your Honda
91
08/07/21 17:41:30 31MEG650 0101 Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Draining
Service the crankcase breather more
frequently if your motorcycle is ridden in
the rain or often at full throttle. Service the
breather if you can see deposits in the
transparent section of the drain tube.
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(1) crankcase breather tube
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube ( 1 ).
2. Remove the tube to drain the deposits in
it.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube.
92
Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:41:41 31MEG650 0102 Final Drive Oil
Oil Recommendation
type
viscosity
(weight)
hypoid gear oil
SAE 80
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
LEFT REAR
(2)
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Remove the oil filler cap ( 1 ).
3. Check the oil level. It should be flush
with the lower edge of the oil filler hole
( 2 ).
4. If the level is low, check for leaks. Add
the recommended oil through the oil
filler hole until it reaches the lower
edge of the opening.
5. Install the oil filler cap and tighten to
the specified torque:
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
(1)
(1) oil filler cap
(2) oil filler hole
Servicing Your Honda
93
08/07/21 17:41:50 31MEG650 0103 Final Drive Oil
Change the oil with the final drive at
normal operating temperature to assure
complete and rapid draining.
Changing Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
LEFT REAR
(2)
(4)
(1)
(3)
(1) oil drain bolt
(2) oil filler cap
(3) sealing washer
(4) oil filler hole
94
Servicing Your Honda
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Place a drain pan under the oil drain
bolt ( 1 ).
3. Remove the oil filler cap ( 2 ), oil drain
bolt and sealing washer ( 3 ).
4. After the oil has completely drained,
check that the sealing washer is in good
condition. Reinstall the oil drain bolt
with its sealing washer (or a new
washer, if necessary) and tighten it to
the specified torque:
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
08/07/21 17:41:57 31MEG650 0104 Final Drive Oil
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 145 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
6. Fill the final drive with the
recommended oil:
5.4 US oz (160 cm )
Make sure the final drive oil level is at
the lower edge of the oil filler hole ( 4 ).
7. Install the oil filler cap and tighten to
the specified torque:
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
Servicing Your Honda
95
08/07/21 17:42:08 31MEG650 0105 Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
(3)
(1) throttle cable boot
(2) adjuster
(3) lock nut
96
Servicing Your Honda
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/16−1/4 in (2−6 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
Adjustment
1. Slide the throttle cable boot ( 1 ) off the
adjuster ( 2 ).
2. Loosen the lock nut ( 3 ).
3. Turn the adjuster.
4. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
5. Tighten the lock nut and return the
throttle cable boot securely over the
adjuster.
08/07/21 17:42:14 31MEG650 0106 Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
97
08/07/21 17:42:19 31MEG650 0107 Clutch System
Your motorcycle’s manually activated,
wet, multiplate clutch is part of the
primary drive system. Proper freeplay
adjustment allows a smooth, gradual
engagement when shifting gears.
Clutch Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
LEFT HANDLEBAR
Improper freeplay adjustment can cause
premature clutch wear.
(1)
(1) clutch lever
98
Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:42:29 31MEG650 0108 Clutch System
Inspection
1. Check freeplay:
3/8−13/16 in (10−20 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified
range.
Upper Adjustment
Attempt adjustment with the upper clutch
cable adjuster first.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(3)
(−)
(+)
(2) upper lock nut
(3) upper clutch cable adjuster
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
1. Loosen the upper lock nut ( 2 ).
2. Turn the upper clutch cable adjuster ( 3 )
to obtain the specified freeplay.
3. Tighten the upper lock nut and check
the freeplay again.
Servicing Your Honda
99
08/07/21 17:42:37 31MEG650 0109 Clutch System
Lower Adjustment
If the upper clutch cable adjuster is
threaded out near its limit, or the correct
freeplay cannot be obtained, attempt
adjustment with the lower clutch cable
adjuster.
RIGHT SIDE
(5)
(+)
(−)
(4)
(4) lower lock nut
(+) increase freeplay
(5) lower adjusting (−) decrease freeplay
nut
100 Servicing Your Honda
1. Loosen the upper lock nut ( 2 ) and turn
the upper clutch cable adjuster ( 3 ) all
the way in (to provide maximum
freeplay). Tighten the upper lock nut.
2. Loosen the lower lock nut ( 4 ).
3. Turn the lower adjusting nut ( 5 ) to
obtain the specified freeplay.
4. Tighten the lower lock nut and check
the adjustment.
08/07/21 17:42:43 31MEG650 0110 Clutch System
5. Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in,
and shift into gear. Make sure the
engine does not stall and the motorcycle
does not creep. Gradually release the
clutch lever and open the throttle. Your
motorcycle should move smoothly and
accelerate gradually.
If you cannot get proper adjustment, or the
clutch does not work properly, the cable or
clutch friction discs may be worn. See
your Honda dealer or refer to the official
Honda Service Manual (page 202 ).
Other Inspections & Lubrication
Check that the clutch lever assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
Check the clutch cable for kinks or
signs of wear. If necessary, have it
replaced.
Lubricate the clutch cable with a
commercially available cable lubricant
to prevent premature wear and
corrosion.
Servicing Your Honda
101
08/07/21 17:42:51 31MEG650 0111 Engine Idle Speed
The best way to assure proper carburetion
is to see your Honda dealer for regularly
scheduled servicing, including carburetor
adjustment.
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
For information about carburetor
adjustment and other parts replacement for
riding at high altitude, see page 190 .
102 Servicing Your Honda
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
RIGHT SIDE
(−)
(+)
(1)
(1) throttle stop
screw
(+) increase
(−) decrease
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with 10 minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
08/07/21 17:42:57 31MEG650 0112 Engine Idle Speed
2. Place your motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
3. Connect a tachometer to the engine.
4. Shift into neutral. Start the engine.
5. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 1 ).
Idle speed (in neutral):
1,200 ± 100 rpm
Servicing Your Honda
103
08/07/21 17:43:06 31MEG650 0113 Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
for
extended
high speed
riding
DPR6EA−9 (NGK) or
X20EPR−U9 (DENSO)
DPR7EA−9 (NGK) or
X22EPR−U9 (DENSO)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
104 Servicing Your Honda
Spark Plug Inspection &
Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
1. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug bases.
2. Disconnect the spark plug caps ( 1 ).
Take care to avoid damaging the spark
plug wire when disconnecting the caps.
08/07/21 17:43:13 31MEG650 0114 Spark Plugs
3. Using a spark plug wrench, remove the
spark plugs.
LEFT SIDE
4. Inspect the electrodes and center
porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or
carbon fouling. If the corrosion or
deposits are heavy, replace the plug.
Clean a carbon or wet-fouled plug with
a plug cleaner, if available, or a wire
brush.
5. Check the spark plug gap ( 2 ) of each
new plug, using a wire-type feeler
gauge. If adjustment is necessary, bend
the side electrode ( 3 ) carefully.
The gap should be:
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
(1)
(1) spark plug cap
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
105
08/07/21 17:43:22 31MEG650 0115 Spark Plugs
(3)
(2)
(2) spark plug gap
(3) side electrode
6. With the plug washers attached, thread
the spark plugs in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
7. Tighten each spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it
twice to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK:
3/4 turn after it seats.
DENSO: 1/2 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
8. Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
106 Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:43:28 31MEG650 0116 Suspension
Your front and rear suspension systems
use springs and hydraulic damping devices
that suspend your weight and most of the
weight of your motorcycle.
The spring pre-load for your rear
suspension system adjusts the amount of
force required to begin compression of the
spring.
The oil damper systems hydraulically
control the natural compression and
rebound of the suspension springs so that
traction and comfort are maintained as the
wheels ride over road surfaces.
Consider adjusting your rear suspension
pre-load whenever you change your
normal load, when adding or subtracting a
passenger, cargo, or accessories, or when
the road or riding conditions change.
The way you ride your motorcycle and the
type of ride you want to experience can
also influence your suspension needs.
Lower spring pre-load provides a softer
ride and is usually preferred for light loads
and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load
provides a firmer ride and is
recommended for heavy loads, rough road
conditions, and faster, more challenging
riding.
Servicing Your Honda
107
08/07/21 17:43:35 31MEG650 0117 Suspension
Rear Suspension Adjustment
Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load
The rear suspension can be adjusted for
rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load.
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
LEFT SIDE
To adjust, use an appropriable pin spanner
or see your Honda dealer.
(2)
Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or
dispose of the damper; see your Honda
dealer. The instructions found in this
owner’s manual are limited to adjustments
of the shock assembly only.
(1)
(1) pin spanner
(2) shock absorber
108 Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:43:43 31MEG650 0118 Suspension
The spring pre-load adjuster has
5 positions for different load or riding
conditions.
Use a pin spanner ( 1 ) to adjust the rear
shock spring pre-load.
Make sure that both shock absorbers ( 2 )
are adjusted to the same position.
Always adjust the shock absorber position
in sequence (1-2-3-4-5 or 5-4-3-2-1).
Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to 5
or 5 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.
Position 1: for a light load and smooth
road conditions.
Position 2: standard position.
Positions 3 to 5: for when the motorcycle
is more heavily loaded. (Also increase
spring pre-load for stiffer rear suspension.)
Servicing Your Honda
109
08/07/21 17:43:50 31MEG650 0119 Brakes
The hydraulic (front) and mechanically
activated drum (rear) braking systems on
your motorcycle dissipate the heat
generated by the friction of the brake pads
on the disc (front) and the brake shoes on
the drum (rear) as the wheels are slowed.
Hydraulic Front Brake
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level will drop. A leak in the system will
also cause the level to drop.
Frequently inspect the system to ensure
there are no fluid leaks. Periodically
inspect the brake fluid level and the brake
pads for wear.
If the brake lever freeplay does not feel
within the normal range while riding,
check the brake pads for wear (page 113 ).
110 Servicing Your Honda
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn beyond the recommended
limit, there is probably air in the brake
system. See your Honda dealer to have the
air bled from the system.
Drum Rear Brake
For more information, see page 114 .
08/07/21 17:43:57 31MEG650 0120 Brakes
Brake Fluid Recommendation
brake
fluid
Honda DOT 4 Brake
Fluid
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of
equal quality and performance. Use fresh
brake fluid from a sealed container. Be
sure to read the label before opening the
sealed container. An opened container
may be contaminated or may have
absorbed moisture from the air.
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
If your inspection indicates a low fluid
level, have your Honda dealer add the
recommended brake fluid.
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except
in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have
your Honda dealer check the system as
soon as possible.
Servicing Your Honda
111
08/07/21 17:44:06 31MEG650 0121 Brakes
Brake f luid can damage plastic and
painted surf aces. Handle with care.
Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid brake
fluid contact with skin or eyes. If it comes
in contact with your eyes, wash them out
with clean water and immediately call a
doctor. If it comes in contact with your
skin, wash with clean water and, if
necessary, call a doctor.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
1. Place your motorcycle in an upright
position on a firm, level surface.
2. Check the fluid level.
It should be above the LOWER level
mark ( 1 ).
If the level is at or below the LOWER
level mark, check the brake pads for
wear (page 113 ).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn beyond the recommended
limit, have your brake system inspected
for leaks.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hoses and fittings.
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
112 Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:44:13 31MEG650 0122 Brakes
Brake Pad Wear
RIGHT FRONT
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the
pads at each regular maintenance interval
(page 62 ).
Check the cutouts ( 1 ) in each pad. If
either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
(1)
(1) cutouts
Servicing Your Honda
113
08/07/21 17:44:23 31MEG650 0123 Brakes
Rear Brake Pedal Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Pedal Height Adjustment
The stopper bolt is provided to allow
adjustment of the pedal height.
1. Loosen the lock nut ( 1 ) and turn the
stopper bolt ( 2 ).
2. Tighten the lock nut.
(2)
RIGHT FRONT
(1)
(1) lock nut
(2) stopper bolt
(3)
(3) rear brake pedal
114 Servicing Your Honda
Inspection
1. Place your motorcycle on its side stand.
2. Check freeplay by slowly depressing
the rear brake pedal ( 3 ) until the brake
starts to engage.
Freeplay:
13/16−1 3/16 in (20−30 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified
range.
08/07/21 17:44:30 31MEG650 0124 Brakes
Adjustment
1. Adjust by turning the rear brake
adjusting nut ( 4 ) a half-turn at a time.
Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting
nut is seated on the brake arm pin ( 5 ).
2. Apply the brake, release it, and then
spin the wheel and check that it rotates
freely. Repeat this procedure several
times.
3. Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust
the freeplay properly, see your Honda
dealer.
RIGHT REAR
(4)
(5)
(−)
(+)
(4) rear brake adjusting nut
(5) brake arm pin
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
Servicing Your Honda
115
08/07/21 17:44:36 31MEG650 0125 Brakes
After adjustment, push the brake arm ( 6 )
to confirm that there is a gap between the
rear brake adjusting nut ( 4 ) and the brake
arm pin ( 5 ).
(6)
(4)
(5)
(4) rear brake adjusting nut
(5) brake arm pin
(6) brake arm
After adjustment, confirm the freeplay of
the brake pedal.
116 Servicing Your Honda
Other Inspections
Check that the brake pedal assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
Make sure the brake rod, brake arm,
spring, and fasteners are in good
condition.
08/07/21 17:44:44 31MEG650 0126 Brakes
Brake Shoe Wear
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
The rear brake is equipped with an
external brake wear indicator that lets you
check brake wear without disassembly.
Application of the brake pedal causes the
arrow on the brake arm to move toward a
reference mark on the brake panel.
1. Place your motorcycle on its side stand.
2. Apply the brake pedal and check the
movement of the arrow ( 1 ) on the
brake arm ( 2 ). Replace the brake shoes
if the arrow aligns with the reference
mark ( 3 ) on the brake panel ( 4 ) upon
full application of the brake. If
replacement is necessary, see your
Honda dealer.
RIGHT REAR
(1)
(3)
(2)
(4)
(1) arrow
(2) brake arm
(3) reference mark
(4) brake panel
Servicing Your Honda
117
08/07/21 17:44:50 31MEG650 0127 Tires
To safely operate your motorcycle, your
tires must be the proper type and size, in
good condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
118 Servicing Your Honda
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your motorcycle ride harshly, are more
prone to damage from road hazards, and
wear unevenly.
08/07/21 17:44:58 31MEG650 0128 Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’, after the motorcycle has been
parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has
only been ridden for a few miles –– the
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
rear
*
29 psi (200 kPa ,
2.00 kgf/cm )
29 psi (200 kPa ,
2.00 kgf/cm )
with less than
200 lbs (90 kg) of
added weight*
36 psi (250 kPa ,
2.50 kgf/cm )
with more than
200 lbs (90 kg) of
added weight*
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo & all accessories
Servicing Your Honda
119
08/07/21 17:45:07 31MEG650 0129 Tires
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
120 Servicing Your Honda
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
Tread Wear
(1)
(2)
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
08/07/21 17:45:16 31MEG650 0130 Tires
For the best performance, you should
replace a tire before the tread depth at the
center reaches the following limits:
front
rear
0.06 in (1.5 mm)
0.08 in (2.0 mm)
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
Tire Service Life
The service life of your tires is dependent
on many factors, including, but not limited
to, riding habits, road conditions, vehicle
loading, tire pressure, maintenance history,
speed, and environmental conditions (even
when the tires are not in use).
In addition to your regular inspections and
tire pressure maintenance, it is
recommended that you have annual
inspections performed once the tires reach
5 years old. It is also recommended that all
tires be removed from service after 10
years from the date of manufacture,
regardless of their condition or state of
wear.
The last four digits of the TIN (tire
identification number) ( 1 ) are found on
the sidewall of the tire, and indicate the
date of manufacture.
Tire Identification Number (TIN)
The tire identification number (TIN) is a
group of numbers and letters that look like
the following example. TIN is located on
the sidewall of the tire.
DOT ×××× ×××× 22 07
(2)
(3)
(4)
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
121
08/07/21 17:45:21 31MEG650 0131 Tires
DOT − This indicates that the tire meets
all requirements of the U.S. Department of
Transportation.
(2) ×××× − Factory code
(3) ×××× − Tire type code
(4) 22 07 − Date of manufacture
Year
Week
TIRE LABELING EXAMPLE
(1)
(1) tire identification number (TIN)
122 Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:45:28 31MEG650 0132 Tires
Tire & Tube Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. A repaired tube will not have
the same reliability as a new one, and it
may fail while you are riding. And the tire
will have lower speed and performance
limits than a new one.
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire and tube replaced as soon
as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire,
page 154 .)
If you decide to only replace the tube but
not the tire, you should not exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph
(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. Repair work should
be done by a professional and the wheel
should be balanced before you ride.
If you have a tire and tube professionally
repaired at a non-Honda facility, we
recommend that you have the work
checked by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
123
08/07/21 17:45:34 31MEG650 0133 Tires
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
The tires that came on your motorcycle
were designed to match the performance
capabilities of your motorcycle and
provide the best combination of handling,
braking, durability, and comfort.
When replacing, use the original
equipment tires or equivalent tires of the
same size, construction, speed rating, and
load range as the originals.
124 Servicing Your Honda
Installing improper tires on your
motorcycle can affect handling
and stability. This can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
08/07/21 17:45:44 31MEG650 0134 Tires
The recommended tires for your
motorcycle are:
front
rear
type
120/90−17M/C 64S
DUNLOP D404FG or
BRIDGESTONE G701 or
CHENG SHIN M6002
160/80−15M/C 74S
DUNLOP D404 or
BRIDGESTONE G702 or
CHENG SHIN M6011R
bias-ply, tube
Have a new tube installed whenever a
tire is replaced. The old tube will
probably be stretched. If installed in a
new tire, it could fail.
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
Servicing Your Honda
125
08/07/21 17:45:48 31MEG650 0135 Tires
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install car tires on this
motorcycle. During installation the tire
may separate from the rim with enough
force to cause serious injury or death.
126 Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:45:59 31MEG650 0136 Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) side stand spring
Check the spring for damage or loss of
tension.
Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit on the motorcycle and put the
transmission in neutral.
2. Raise the side stand.
3. Start the engine.
4. Pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into gear.
6. Lower the side stand all the way.
The engine should stop as you lower the
side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop,
see your Honda dealer for service.
Check that the side stand assembly is
working properly. If the side stand is
stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area
and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean
grease.
Servicing Your Honda
127
08/07/21 17:46:06 31MEG650 0137 Battery
Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free
type battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery, even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your motorcycle or do not
ride frequently, we recommend that you
charge the battery frequently (see Battery
Charging, page 132 ).
128 Servicing Your Honda
If you do not expect to ride your
motorcycle for at least two weeks, we
recommend you remove the battery, or at
least disconnect the battery cables
(negative cable first).
If you plan to store your motorcycle, see
Battery Storage, page 129 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash your hands after
handling.
08/07/21 17:46:13 31MEG650 0138 Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
If you plan to store your motorcycle, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow (trickle)
charging it every 30 days (see Battery
Charging, page 132 ).
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
Servicing Your Honda
129
08/07/21 17:46:25 31MEG650 0139 Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
below the seat.
Removal
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Remove the seat (page 72 ).
3. Remove the ignition control module (1).
4. Remove the battery cover ( 2 ) by
removing the screw ( 3 ).
UNDER SEAT
5. Disconnect the negative (−) terminal
lead ( 4 ) from the battery first.
6. Disconnect the positive (+) terminal
lead ( 5 ).
7. Pull the battery ( 6 ) out of the battery
box.
UNDER SEAT
(5) (6)
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) ignition control
module
(4)
(2) battery cover
(3) screw
130 Servicing Your Honda
(4) negative (−) terminal lead
(5) positive (+) terminal lead
(6) battery
08/07/21 17:46:36 31MEG650 0140 Battery
8. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
9. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
10. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
11. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
Installation
1. Remove the left side cover (page 71 ).
2. Check the negative (−) terminal lead
runs under the tool box ( 7 ), and is
tucked up behind the guide tab ( 8 ).
LEFT SIDE
(4)
(7)
(8)
(4) negative (−) terminal lead
(7) tool box
(8) guide tub
3. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (−)
terminal.
4. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
5. Install the remaining parts in the reverse
order of removal.
Servicing Your Honda
131
08/07/21 17:46:43 31MEG650 0141 Battery
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
(1)
We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger
( 1 ) for home charging. These units can be
left connected for long periods without
risking damage to the battery. However,
do not intentionally leave the charger
connected longer than the time period
recommended in the charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a motorcycle battery and cause
permanent damage.
(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
132 Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:46:52 31MEG650 0142 Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your motorcycle. A
clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect
and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
To clean your motorcycle, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from
recent operation, give the engine and
exhaust system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause
the finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your motorcycle regularly to
protect surface finishes.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
133
08/07/21 17:46:57 31MEG650 0143 Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your motorcycle. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
134 Servicing Your Honda
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and
brake fluid).
08/07/21 17:47:05 31MEG650 0144 Appearance Care
Washing Your Motorcycle with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
1. Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with
cool water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing motorcycles or
automobiles.
3. Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or
a soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
4. After washing, rinse your motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
5. Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or
a soft towel. Leaving water on the
surface to air dry can cause dulling and
water spots. As you dry, inspect for
chips and scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
135
08/07/21 17:47:11 31MEG650 0145 Appearance Care
7. As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at
a slow speed and apply the brakes
several times. This will help dry the
brakes and restore normal braking
performance.
Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
136 Servicing Your Honda
08/07/21 17:47:20 31MEG650 0146 Appearance Care
Motorcycle Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
Servicing Your Honda
137
08/07/21 17:47:26 31MEG650 0147 Appearance Care
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
After washing your motorcycle, consider
using a commercially available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped
or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.
Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color
code (page 180 ) when you buy touch-up
paint.
138 Servicing Your Honda
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
08/07/21 17:47:31 31MEG650 0148 Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible
motorcycle owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................ 140
Transporting Your Motorcycle ........... 144
You & the Environment ...................... 145
Tips
139
08/07/21 17:47:40 31MEG650 0149 Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your motorcycle
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage
Guide, available from your Honda dealer
(USA only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your motorcycle in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
140 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
This procedure requires a means for
draining and disposing of drained fuel
(page 145 ).
1. Change the engine oil and filter
(page 81 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution
(page 86 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
4. Check that the fuel valve is OFF.
08/07/21 17:47:48 31MEG650 0150 Storing Your Honda
5. Drain the carburetor into an approved
gasoline container and dispose of it in
an approved manner (page 145 ).
If storage will last longer than one
month, carburetor draining is important,
to assure proper performance after
storage.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
6. To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug caps from the
spark plugs. Using tape or string,
secure the caps to any convenient
plastic body part so that they are
positioned away from the spark plugs.
Remove the spark plugs from the
engine and store them in a safe place.
Do not connect the spark plugs to the
spark plug caps.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into each cylinder
and cover the spark plug holes with a
piece of cloth.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
(cont’d)
Tips
141
08/07/21 17:47:56 31MEG650 0151 Storing Your Honda
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plugs and spark
plug caps.
7. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery
(page 132 ) once a month.
8. Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax
all painted surfaces. Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.
9. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 118 ).
142 Tips
10. Store your motorcycle in an unheated
area, free of dampness, away from
sunlight, with a minimum of daily
temperature variation.
11. Place your motorcycle on blocks to lift
both tires off the floor.
12. Cover your motorcycle with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
08/07/21 17:48:04 31MEG650 0152 Storing Your Honda
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
1. Uncover and clean your motorcycle.
2. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than four months –– change the
engine oil (page 81 ).
3. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than two months –– ask your
Honda dealer to drain and replace the
fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 132 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 27 ),
then test-ride your motorcycle at low
speeds.
Tips
143
08/07/21 17:48:08 31MEG650 0153 Transporting Your Motorcycle
If your motorcycle needs to be transported,
it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. Do
not tow your motorcycle, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
144 Tips
08/07/21 17:48:13 31MEG650 0154 You & the Environment
Owning and riding a motorcycle can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally responsible motorcycle
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
Tips
145
08/07/21 17:48:16 31MEG650 0155 146 Tips
08/07/21 17:48:25 31MEG650 0156 Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your
motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells
you how to evaluate each problem and
what actions you can take to try to resume
riding. If the problem cannot be safely
solved, this section also gives instructions
on the proper way to have your
motorcycle transported.
For information about transporting your
motorcycle, see page 144 .
General Guidelines ..............................
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ..........................................
If You Have a Flat Tire .......................
If Your Engine Overheats ...................
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights ...................................................
If a Fuse Blows....................................
If You Crash ........................................
If You Lose Your Key ........................
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) .......
Taking Care of the Unexpected
148
149
154
166
168
169
173
174
175
147
08/07/21 17:48:32 31MEG650 0157 Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road.
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, the tool kit that came with your
motorcycle, and any other items (such as
tire repair supplies and additional tools)
that might help you solve a problem on
your own.
148 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your motorcycle is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
08/07/21 17:48:37 31MEG650 0158 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as
you press the start button. If you don’t
hear the starter motor turning, refer to the
Starter motor doesn’t operate symptom. If
you can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
149
08/07/21 17:48:50 31MEG650 0159 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Turn the ignition switch ON.
ignition switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
engine stop switch OFF
Shift into neutral.
transmission not in neutral
Put the transmission in neutral or raise the side
side stand down (when
stand and pull the clutch lever in.
transmission not in neutral)
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating
blown fuse
(page 169 ).
Tighten the battery lead.
battery lead loose
Charge the battery (page 132 ). If charging doesn’t
low (or dead) battery
help, see your Honda dealer.
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
faulty starter motor
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
150 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/07/21 17:49:00 31MEG650 0160 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Fill the fuel tank.
out of fuel
See F looded Engine (page 38 ).
flooded engine
Install the spark plug caps securely. If the engine
loose or unconnected spark
still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.
plug caps
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
loose battery cables
weak battery
Charge the battery (page 132 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
151
08/07/21 17:49:14 31MEG650 0161 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
side stand down
Raise the side stand. Start again.
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
Check engine idle adjustment (page 102 ). If the
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
Check the high coolant temperature indicator.
overheating
Refer to If Y our Engine Overheats, page 166 .
low oil pressure
Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If
the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights,
page 168 .
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
runs erratically, misfires
May damage catalytic converters.
(California only)
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
152 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/07/21 17:49:26 31MEG650 0162 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly (cont’d).
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
See your Honda dealer.
mixture)
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
detonates or pings under
load
gasoline (page 73 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
See your Honda dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
afterfires (backfires)
May damage catalytic converters.
(California only)
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
See your Honda dealer.
ignition switched OFF)
pre-ignition (runs on after
May damage catalytic converters.
ignition switched OFF)
See your Honda dealer.
(California only)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
153
08/07/21 17:49:31 31MEG650 0163 If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
side stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage.
If a tire has major damage or the bead has
come loose from the rim, there is probably
not much you can do except have your
motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer
or other qualified service facility. Even
with a simple puncture, this may be the
safest and least troublesome solution. For
transporting instructions, see page 144 .
154 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Honda does not recommend that you make
a temporary repair to a tube-type tire.
However, if you decide to make a
temporary repair so you can get to a
service facility, ride cautiously at reduced
speed and have the tube and tire replaced
before you ride again.
08/07/21 17:49:36 31MEG650 0164 If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your motorcycle with a
temporary tire or tube repair can
be risky. If the temporary repair
fails, you can crash and be
seriously injured or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire and
tube are replaced.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30
mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably
without a passenger or cargo) until the tire
and tube are replaced. Stop frequently and
check the air pressure. If the tire is losing
pressure, it may be unsafe to continue
riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect
the handling of your motorcycle
(especially with a passenger and cargo)
and it may overheat and blow out.
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire or Tube?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire or tube that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
the text beginning on page 123 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
155
08/07/21 17:49:45 31MEG650 0165 If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Front Wheel
Removal/Installation
3. Loosen the right and left axle pinch
bolts ( 1 ) and remove the front axle bolt
( 2 ).
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
RIGHT FRONT
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Removal
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Raise the front wheel off the ground by
placing a support block under the
engine.
156 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(2)
(1)
(1) axle pinch bolts
(2) front axle bolt
08/07/21 17:49:52 31MEG650 0166 If You Have a Flat Tire
4. Remove the front axle shaft ( 3 ), wheel
and side collars.
LEFT FRONT
(1)
Installation
1. Install the side collars and position the
wheel between the fork legs. Insert the
front axle shaft from the left side,
through the left fork leg and wheel hub.
To avoid damaging the brake pads,
carefully fit the brake disc ( 4 )
between the pads.
(3)
(1) axle pinch bolts
(3) front axle shaft
Avoid depressing the brake lever when the
wheel is off the motorcycle. This will
force the caliper pistons out of the
cylinders. The result will be loss of brake
fluid. If this occurs, the brake system will
require service. See your Honda dealer for
this service.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
157
08/07/21 17:50:01 31MEG650 0167 If You Have a Flat Tire
2. Align the index line ( 5 ) of the front
axle shaft with the recessed surface ( 6 )
of the fork leg.
LEFT FRONT
(5)
(6)
(5) index line
(6) recessed surface
3. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
4. Tighten the front axle bolt to the
specified torque:
44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)
158 Taking Care of the Unexpected
5. Operate the front brake and pump the
fork several times. Check for free
wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.
6. If the clearances between each surface
of the brake disc and the brake bracket
( 7 ) (not the brake pads) are
symmetrical, follow next step.
If the clearances are not symmetrical,
loosen the left axle pinch bolts and pull
the left fork outward or push inward to
adjust the clearance. Then follow the next
step.
08/07/21 17:50:08 31MEG650 0168 If You Have a Flat Tire
7. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
Visually check that the clearances
between each surface of the brake disc
and the brake bracket (not the brake
pads) are symmetrical.
(7)
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
(7)
(4)
(4) brake disc
(7) brake bracket
Taking Care of the Unexpected
159
08/07/21 17:50:16 31MEG650 0169 If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Rear Wheel
Removal/Installation
3. Remove the right footpeg ( 1 ) by
removing footpeg bolt A ( 2 ), B ( 3 ) and
footpeg nut ( 4 ).
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 54 .
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Removal
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Raise the rear wheel off the ground by
placing a support block under the
engine.
160 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(1)
(2)
(4)
(1) right footpeg
(2) footpeg bolt A
(3) footpeg bolt B
(4) footpeg nut
08/07/21 17:50:24 31MEG650 0170 If You Have a Flat Tire
4. Remove the exhaust pipe joint nuts ( 5 ).
RIGHT SIDE
5. Remove the muffler bracket bolts ( 6 )
and nuts ( 7 ), washers.
6. Remove the mufflers.
RIGHT SIDE
(6)
(5)
(5) exhaust pipe joint nuts
(7)
(6) muffler bracket bolts
(7) muffler bracket nuts
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
161
08/07/21 17:50:31 31MEG650 0171 If You Have a Flat Tire
7. Remove the rear brake adjusting nut ( 8 ),
disconnect the brake rod ( 9 ) from the
brake arm (10) by pushing down on the
rear brake pedal.
8. Disconnect the brake stopper arm ( 11 )
from the brake panel by removing the
cotter pin ( 12 ), stopper arm nut ( 13 ),
washer and rubber grommet.
9. Remove the axle holding bolt ( 14 ).
RIGHT REAR
(10)
(9)
(14)
(8)
(15)
(11)
(13) (12)
(8) rear brake
(13) stopper arm
adjusting nut
nut
(9) brake rod
(14) axle holding
(10) brake arm
bolt
(11) brake stopper arm (15) rear axle
(12) cotter pin
shaft
162 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/07/21 17:50:40 31MEG650 0172 If You Have a Flat Tire
10. While holding the other end of the rear
axle shaft (15) with a wrench, remove
the rear axle nut (16).
11. Pull the rear axle shaft out and remove
the side collar.
12. Move the wheel to the right to separate
it from the final drive gear case.
13. Remove the wheel.
LEFT REAR
(16)
(16) rear axle nut
Installation
Before installing the wheel, check that the
wheel hub and final drive gear splines are
coated with molybdenum disulfide paste
(USA only: Pro Honda Moly 60 Paste, or
equivalent).
1. Position the wheel between the
swingarm and the final drive gear case.
Be sure the splines on the wheel hub fit
into the final drive gear case.
2. Install the side collar into the brake
panel.
3. Insert the rear axle shaft from the right
side, through the right swingarm, brake
panel, wheel hub and final drive gear
case.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
163
08/07/21 17:50:48 31MEG650 0173 If You Have a Flat Tire
4. Reassemble the brake stopper arm.
Tighten the stopper arm nut to the
specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
5. Connect the brake rod to the brake arm.
6. Adjust the rear brake pedal freeplay
(page 114 ).
7. Tighten the rear axle nut to the
specified torque:
65 lbf·ft (88 N·m , 9.0 kgf·m)
8. Tighten the axle holding bolt to the
specified torque:
20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)
164 Taking Care of the Unexpected
9. After installing the wheel, apply the
brake several times. Check for free
wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.
Used cotter pins may not effectively
secure fasteners. Always replace used
cotter pins with new ones.
08/07/21 17:50:57 31MEG650 0174 If You Have a Flat Tire
10. Reinstall the mufflers.
Before installing the muffler, replace
the muffler gasket with a new gasket.
Tighten the nuts and bolts to the
specified torques:
exhaust pipe joint nut:
18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)
muffler bracket bolt:
20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)
muffler bracket nut:
32 lbf·ft (44 N·m , 4.5 kgf·m)
11. Reinstall the right footpeg.
Tighten the nut and bolts to the
specified torque:
footpeg bolt A, B and nut:
29 lbf·ft (39 N·m , 4.0 kgf·m)
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
165
08/07/21 17:51:03 31MEG650 0175 If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the temperature of the coolant
in the cooling system will rise to a level
about midway between cold and boiling.
Hot weather may cause the temperature to
rise higher than normal. So will temporary
stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re
stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the
temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations.
If the high coolant temperature indicator
(page 13 ) comes on for no apparent
reason, pull safely to the side of the road.
If possible, park in a shady area.
166 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
If there’s no obvious problem, leave the
engine on so the fan and coolant
circulating system can continue
working. Monitor the high coolant
temperature indicator. The indicator
may turn off after a brief stop with no
load on the engine.
08/07/21 17:51:09 31MEG650 0176 If Your Engine Overheats
Check the radiator fan.
If the fan is not working, turn the
engine off. Open the fuse box
(page 170 ) and check the radiator fan
fuse. If the fuse is blown, replace it
with the proper (same rating) spare fuse.
Start the engine. If the high coolant
temperature indicator comes on and
stays on, turn the engine off.
If the radiator fan is working, visually
check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located just behind the crankcase.
It isn’t necessary to touch the radiator
system.
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page 87 ).
After adding coolant, turn the engine on
and check the high coolant temperature
indicator.
If the indicator doesn’t turn off, do not
ride. The engine needs repair. Transport
your motorcycle to a Honda dealer
(page 144 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the high coolant temperature
indicator frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the high
coolant temperature indicator. Be prepared
to stop and add more coolant or water. If
the leak is bad, transport your motorcycle
to a Honda dealer (page 144 ).
Taking Care of the Unexpected
167
08/07/21 17:51:16 31MEG650 0177 If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights
If you check your engine oil level
regularly, you should never see the low oil
pressure indicator while riding. Normally,
it will only light momentarily when you
turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally,
it may flicker at or near idling speed.
Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil
leak, a low oil level, or some problem in
the engine’s lubrication system.
If the indicator comes on while you’re
riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the
side of the road. If possible, pull the clutch
lever in and coast to a stop. Stop the
engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.
168 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Continuing to ride with low oil pressure
can cause serious engine damage.
Check for an oil leak.
Then check the oil level. If necessary,
add the recommended oil (page 77 ) to
the upper level mark. If you must leave
your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as
much as possible.
After adding oil, start the engine, and
check that the low oil pressure indicator
goes off. Check for a possible leak.
If the indicator goes off and there is no
leak –– resume riding. If there is a leak ––
do not ride the motorcycle until the leak is
repaired by a Honda dealer.
08/07/21 17:51:25 31MEG650 0178 If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
motorcycle have fuses to protect them
from damage caused by excess current
flow (short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your motorcycle
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Determine from the chart on the circuit
fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control
that component. Check those fuses first,
but check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
The main fuse and spare are located on
the starter magnetic switch behind the
right side cover.
The circuit fuse box (including spare
fuses) is located behind the right side
cover.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse
other fuses
30A
20A, 10A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
169
08/07/21 17:51:35 31MEG650 0179 If a Fuse Blows
Main Fuse Access:
2. To access the main fuse ( 1 ), remove
the right side cover (page 71 ).
RIGHT SIDE
3. Disconnect the wire connector ( 2 ) of
the starter magnetic switch ( 3 ).
4. Pull the main fuse out. If it is blown ( 6 ),
install the spare main fuse ( 4 ).
5. Reconnect the wire connector.
(2)
(1)
(4)
(1) main fuse
(2) wire connector
(3) starter magnetic switch
(4) spare main fuse
Circuit Fuse Access:
6. Open the fuse box cover ( 5 ).
7. To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull
the old fuse out of its retaining clips.
Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.
If the fuse is blown ( 6 ), replace it with
a spare fuse ( 7 ) of the same rating.
(3)
170 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/07/21 17:51:42 31MEG650 0180 If a Fuse Blows
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
(6)
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
RIGHT SIDE
MAIN FUSE
(5)
CIRCUIT FUSE
(6) blown fuse
8. Close the fuse box cover and install the
right side cover.
(7)
(5) fuse box cover
(7) spare fuses
Taking Care of the Unexpected
171
08/07/21 17:51:47 31MEG650 0181 If a Fuse Blows
If you do not have a spare fuse and you
cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing
the problem, take a fuse of the same rating
or a lower rating from one of the other
circuits that you can do without
temporarily.
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your motorcycle checked
by your Honda dealer.
172 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/07/21 17:51:52 31MEG650 0182 If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after a
crash. If you or anyone else has been
injured, take time to assess the severity of
the injuries and whether it is safe to
continue riding. Call for emergency
assistance if needed. Also follow
applicable laws and regulations if another
person or vehicle is involved in the crash.
If you decide that you are capable of
riding safely, first evaluate the condition
of your motorcycle. If the engine is still
running, turn it off and look it over
carefully; inspect it for fluid leaks, check
the tightness of critical nuts and bolts, and
secure such parts as the handlebar, control
levers, brakes, and wheels.
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your motorcycle
thoroughly checked at a qualified service
facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure
to have your Honda dealer check the
frame and suspension after any serious
crash.
If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Motorcycle, page 144 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
173
08/07/21 17:51:57 31MEG650 0183 If You Lose Your Key
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
174 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer where you
purchased your Honda. They may have it
listed in their records. If they don’t,
transport your motorcycle to them or the
nearest Honda dealer. The dealer will
probably have to remove the ignition
switch assembly to find the key number so
they can make a key for you.
08/07/21 17:52:01 31MEG650 0184 If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your motorcycle’s electrical
system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
175
08/07/21 17:52:03 31MEG650 0185 176 Taking Care of the Unexpected
08/07/21 17:52:11 31MEG650 0186 Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your motorcycle.
Vehicle Identification..........................
Specifications ......................................
Break-in Guidelines ............................
High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment
and Other Parts Replacement ..............
Emission Control Systems ..................
Catalytic Converters
(California Only) .................................
Oxygenated Fuels ................................
Technical Information
178
181
189
190
191
197
199
177
08/07/21 17:52:17 31MEG650 0187 Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The VIN and engine serial number are
required when you register your
motorcycle. They may also be required
when ordering replacement parts. You
may record these numbers in the Quick
Reference section at the rear of this
manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
is stamped on the right side of the steering
head and also appears on the Safety
Certification Label attached to the right
side of the frame.
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(1) VIN
178 Technical Information
08/07/21 17:52:23 31MEG650 0188 Vehicle Identification
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
right side of the rear cylinder.
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
(2) VIN
(3) engine number
Technical Information
179
08/07/21 17:52:29 31MEG650 0189 Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
LEFT SIDE
(1)
The color label ( 1 ) is attached to the
frame behind the left side cover. Remove
the left side cover (page 71 ) to check the
label.
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
180 Technical Information
(1) color label
08/07/21 17:52:37 31MEG650 0190 Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
98.8 in (2,510 mm)
36.2 in (920 mm)
44.3 in (1,125 mm)
64.6 in (1,640 mm)
5.1 in (130 mm)
Technical Information
181
08/07/21 17:52:49 31MEG650 0191 Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel recommendation
fuel tank capacity
fuel tank reserve
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
final drive oil capacity
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
including reserve
3.70 US gal (14.0 )
0.87 US gal (3.3 )
after disassembly: 3.4 US qt (3.2 )
after draining: 2.6 US qt (2.5 )
after draining & oil filter change: 2.7 US qt (2.6 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4stroke oil (Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil
after draining: 5.4 US oz (160 cm )
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene
glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors
specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines
2.07 US qt (1.96 )
182 Technical Information
08/07/21 17:53:04 31MEG650 0192 Specifications
Capacities
passenger capacity
maximum weight
capacity
Operator and one passenger
USA: 401 lbs (182 kg)
Canada: 410 lbs (186 kg)
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Engine Specifications
45.4 cu-in (745 cm )
displacement
3.11 × 2.99 in (79.0 × 76.0 mm)
bore & stroke
9.6 : 1
compression ratio
spark plug (standard) DPR6EA−9 (NGK) or X20EPR−U9 (DENSO)
DPR7EA−9 (NGK) or X22EPR−U9 (DENSO)
spark plug (high
speed riding)
valve clearance
intake: 0.006 in (0.15 mm)
(cold)
exhaust: 0.008 in (0.20 mm)
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
spark plug gap
1,200 ± 100 rpm
idle speed
Technical Information
183
08/07/21 17:53:15 31MEG650 0193 Specifications
Power Transmission
primary reduction
secondary reduction
final reduction
gear ratio, 1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
final drive
1.763
0.944
3.091
2.400
1.550
1.174
0.960
0.852
shaft
184 Technical Information
08/07/21 17:53:27 31MEG650 0194 Specifications
Chassis & Suspension
caster
34°00’
trail
6.3 in (161 mm)
tire size, front
120/90−17M/C 64S
DUNLOP D404FG or
BRIDGESTONE G701
or
CHENG SHIN M6002
tire size, rear
160/80−15M/C 74S
DUNLOP D404
or
BRIDGESTONE G702
or
CHENG SHIN M6011R
bias-ply, tube
tire type
tire pressure, front
29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
(cold)
tire pressure, rear
29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm ) − with less than 200 lbs
(cold)
(90 kg) of added weight
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm ) − with more than 200 lbs
(90 kg) of added weight
Technical Information
185
08/07/22 12:09:46 31MEG650 0195 Specifications
Electrical
battery
generator
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
12V−10Ah or 12V−11Ah
0.35 kW/5,000 rpm
license light
12V−60/55W
12V−21/5W
12V−21/5W (front)
12V−21W (rear)
12V−5W
Fuses
main
other fuses
30A
20A, 10A
186 Technical Information
08/07/21 17:53:51 31MEG650 0196 Specifications
Torque Specifications
21 lbf·ft (29 N·m , 3.0 kgf·m)
engine oil drain bolt
19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
engine oil filter
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
final drive oil drain
bolt
9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)
final drive filler cap
44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)
front wheel axle
bolt
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
front wheel axle
pinch bolts
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
rear brake stopper
arm nut
65 lbf·ft (88 N·m , 9.0 kgf·m)
rear wheel axle nut
20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)
rear wheel axle
holding bolt
Technical Information
187
08/07/21 17:53:57 31MEG650 0197 Specifications
exhaust pipe joint
nut
muffler bracket bolt
muffler bracket nut
footpeg bolt A, B
and nut
18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)
20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)
32 lbf·ft (44 N·m , 4.5 kgf·m)
29 lbf·ft (39 N·m , 4.0 kgf·m)
188 Technical Information
08/07/21 17:54:01 31MEG650 0198 Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your motorcycle’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 300 miles (500 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
Technical Information
189
08/07/21 17:54:05 31MEG650 0199 High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment and Other Parts Replacement
Your engine’s air-fuel mixture becomes
overly rich when operated at high altitudes.
Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m), a rich
mixture can cause driveability problems,
reduce engine performance, and increase
fuel consumption. To compensate, you
can have the carburetor adjusted and other
parts replaced for high altitude riding. See
your Honda dealer.
However, the carburetor and other parts
must be returned to standard factory
specifications before riding again at lower
altitudes (below 5,000 feet, 1,500 m). See
your Honda dealer.
Sustained riding at lower altitudes with the
lean high-altitude setting may cause rough
idling, stalling, or engine damage from
overheating.
190 Technical Information
08/07/21 17:54:10 31MEG650 0200 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada (EC) require that
your motorcycle comply with applicable
exhaust emissions standards during its
useful life, when operated and maintained
according to the instructions provided.
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that motorcycles
built after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided.
Technical Information
191
08/07/21 17:54:15 31MEG650 0201 Emission Control Systems
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label ( 1 ) ( 2 ) is attached to
the left side of the frame.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(1) vehicle emission control information
label
(2) vehicle emission control information
label (Canada only)
192 Technical Information
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce carbon monoxide,
oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.
08/07/21 17:54:20 31MEG650 0202 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
49-state & Canada:
The exhaust emission control system
consists of a secondary air injection
system.
California only:
The exhaust emission control system
includes a secondary air supply system,
and two oxidation catalytic converters.
Both systems:
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of all
components is recommended.
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission control performance.
Oxidation Catalytic Converters
(California only)
The oxidation catalytic converters are in
the exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC and CO in the
engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide (CO2)
and water vapor.
Technical Information
193
08/07/21 17:54:24 31MEG650 0203 Emission Control Systems
Evaporative Emission Control System
(California only)
This motorcycle complies with the
requirements of the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) evaporative
emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the
fuel tank and carburetor is directed into
the charcoal canister and air cleaner where
it is absorbed and stored while the engine
is stopped. When the engine is running
and the purge control diaphragm valve is
open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister
and air cleaner is drawn into the engine
through the carburetor.
194 Technical Information
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
carburetor.
08/07/21 17:54:29 31MEG650 0204 Emission Control Systems
Problems That May Affect Motorcycle
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda
motorcycle dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
Technical Information
195
08/07/21 17:54:35 31MEG650 0205 Emission Control Systems
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
196 Technical Information
Fuel Permeation Emission Control
System
This vehicle complies with the Fuel
Permeation Emission Control regulations
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and
Environment Canada (EC). The fuel tank,
fuel hoses, and fuel vapor charge hoses
used on this vehicle incorporate fuel
permeation control technologies.
Tampering with the fuel tank, fuel hoses,
or fuel vapor charge hoses to reduce or
defeat the effectiveness of the fuel
permeation technologies is prohibited by
federal regulations.
08/07/21 17:54:38 31MEG650 0206 Catalytic Converters (California Only)
This motorcycle is equipped with
oxidation catalytic converters. Each
catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
Catalytic converters act on HC and CO.
Replacement parts must be original Honda
parts or equivalents.
The catalytic converters must operate at
high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. They can set fire to
any combustible materials that come near
them. Park your motorcycle away from
high grasses, dry leaves, or other
flammables.
Technical Information
197
08/07/21 17:54:42 31MEG650 0207 Catalytic Converters (California Only)
Defective catalytic converters contribute
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s
catalytic converters.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converters ineffective.
Keep the engine in good running
condition.
A poorly running engine can cause the
catalytic converter to overheat causing
damage to the converter or the
motorcycle.
198 Technical Information
If your engine is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling, or otherwise not running
properly, stop riding and turn off the
engine. Have your motorcycle serviced
as soon as possible.
08/07/21 17:54:48 31MEG650 0208 Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
Technical Information
199
08/07/21 17:54:53 31MEG650 0209 Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
200 Technical Information
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
08/07/21 17:55:01 31MEG650 0210 Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
Service Manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................
Warranty Coverage .............................
Warranty Service .................................
Contacting Honda................................
Your Honda Dealer .............................
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ..........................................
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ..........................................
Consumer Information
202
205
206
207
208
209
210
201
08/07/21 17:55:08 31MEG650 0211 Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanically
capable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61MEG05
2009 VT750C Service Manual
$60.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31MEG650
2009 VT750C Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
202 Consumer Information
08/07/21 17:55:17 31MEG650 0212 Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
Qty.
Item No.
*
Price
Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. add 6 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Calif. add 7.25 %
delivery.
Handling Charge
$3.75
Grand Total
Consumer Information
203
08/07/21 17:55:31 31MEG650 0213 S
H
I
P
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
T
O
City
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
Customer Name
Attention
Street address/P. O. BOX
Apartment Number
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
MasterCard
Zip Code
Check here if your billing address is different from the
shipping address shown above.
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
VISA
Security Code
Discover
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. For returns, a restocking fee may
be applied against the original order.
HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
204 Consumer Information
08/07/21 17:55:37 31MEG650 0214 Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Motorcycle Limited Warranty
Emission Control System Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the motorcycle.
Consumer Information
205
08/07/21 17:55:42 31MEG650 0215 Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your motorcycle, call the service
department of your Honda dealer. Make
an appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize
that inspection. Your dealer will give you
the results of the inspection. If the
problem is covered under warranty, your
dealer will perform the warranty repairs
for you.
206 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the Service Manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
08/07/21 17:55:48 31MEG650 0216 Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,
CA 90509-2200, mailstop: 100-4C-7B,
telephone: (866) 784-1870.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and VIN
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
Consumer Information
207
08/07/21 17:55:54 31MEG650 0217 Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Honda
Genuine Parts, Pro Honda products,
Honda Genuine Accessories (USA only),
and Honda accessories and products
(Canada only). The same quality that went
into your Honda can be found in Honda
Genuine replacement parts. You’ll also
find comparable quality in the accessories
208 Consumer Information
and products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about American
Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the
Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
08/07/21 17:55:57 31MEG650 0218 The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s
Club of America (HRCA) membership
with the purchase of your new Honda.
You can log on to the HRCA Clubhouse
website for details at www.hrca.honda.
com.
Consumer Information
209
08/07/21 17:56:02 31MEG650 0219 Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,
it may open an investigation, and if it
finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your
dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,
Inc.
210 Consumer Information
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-888-327-4236
(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
http://www.saf ercar.gov; or write to:
Administrator, NHTSA, 1200 New
Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC
20590.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from
http://www.saf ercar.gov.
08/07/21 17:56:04 31MEG650 0220 Consumer Information
211
08/07/21 17:56:21 31MEG650 0221 Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of
each section of your owner’s manual.
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY ................... 1
Important Safety Information ................. 2
Accessories & Modifications .................. 5
Safety Labels ........................................... 7
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ........ 9
Operation Component Locations ............10
Indicators .................................................13
Controls & Features.................................17
Fuel Valve ...........................................17
Choke Knob .........................................18
Ignition Switch ....................................18
Start Button..........................................19
Engine Stop Switch .............................20
Headlight Dimmer Switch ..................20
Turn Signal Switch ..............................21
Horn Button .........................................21
212 Table of Contents
Odometer/Tripmeter Select
and Reset Button .................................21
BEFORE RIDING................................ 23
Are You Ready to Ride? .........................24
Protective Apparel ...............................24
Rider Training .....................................26
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .......27
Pre-ride Inspection ..............................27
Load Limits & Guidelines.......................30
Loading ................................................30
Load Limits .........................................31
Loading Guidelines .............................31
08/07/21 17:56:39 31MEG650 0222 Table of Contents
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING ...... 33
Safe Riding Precautions ..........................34
Starting & Stopping the Engine ..............35
Preparation...........................................35
Starting Procedure ...............................36
Flooded Engine ...................................38
How to Stop the Engine ......................39
Shifting Gears ..........................................40
Braking ....................................................42
Parking .....................................................44
Theft-prevention Tips .........................47
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ...........48
SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............ 49
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .............52
Maintenance Safety .................................53
Important Safety Precautions ..............54
Periodic Maintenance ..............................56
Maintenance Schedule ............................58
Maintenance Record................................63
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations .......65
Tool Kit....................................................68
Owner’s Manual Storage.........................69
Storage Compartment..............................70
Side Cover Removal................................71
Seat Removal ...........................................72
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
213
08/07/21 17:56:56 31MEG650 0223 Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ..........................................................73
Engine Oil & Filter ..................................76
Coolant.....................................................86
Air Cleaner ..............................................90
Crankcase Breather .................................92
Final Drive Oil .........................................93
Engine
Throttle ....................................................96
Clutch System ..........................................98
Engine Idle Speed................................ 102
Spark Plugs .......................................... 104
214 Table of Contents
Chassis
Suspension ...........................................
Brakes ..................................................
Tires .....................................................
Side Stand ............................................
107
110
118
127
Electrical
Battery ................................................. 128
Appearance Care ................................. 133
TIPS...................................................... 139
Storing Your Honda ............................ 140
Transporting Your Motorcycle ........... 144
You & the Environment ...................... 145
08/07/21 17:57:12 31MEG650 0224 Table of Contents
TAKING CARE OF THE
UNEXPECTED .................................. 147
General Guidelines .............................. 148
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start .. 149
If You Have a Flat Tire ....................... 154
If Your Engine Overheats ................... 166
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights ................................................... 168
If a Fuse Blows.................................... 169
If You Crash ........................................ 173
If You Lose Your Key ........................ 174
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ....... 175
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ...... 177
Vehicle Identification.......................... 178
Specifications ...................................... 181
Break-in Guidelines ............................ 189
High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment
and Other Parts Replacement .............. 190
Emission Control Systems .................. 191
Catalytic Converters
(California Only) ................................. 197
Oxygenated Fuels ................................ 199
CONSUMER INFORMATION ....... 201
Authorized Manuals ............................ 202
Warranty Coverage ............................. 205
Warranty Service ................................. 206
Contacting Honda................................ 207
Your Honda Dealer ............................. 208
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) .......................................... 209
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) .......................................... 210
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................. 212
INDEX ................................................. 216
QUICK REFERENCE
Table of Contents
215
08/07/21 17:57:17 31MEG650 0225 Index
A
accessories ................................................ 5
air cleaner................................................ 90
air pressure, tires ................................... 118
altitude, high ......................................... 190
American Honda, contacting................ 207
apparel, protective .................................. 24
appearance care .................................... 133
authorized manuals ............................... 202
B
battery ................................................... 128
brakes,
fluid................................................... 111
pad wear............................................ 113
rear pedal freeplay ............................ 114
shoe wear .......................................... 117
216 Index
braking .................................................... 42
break-in guidelines ............................... 189
C
capacity, fuel .......................................... 74
carburetor, altitude adjustment............. 190
care, appearance ................................... 133
choke knob........................................ 18, 36
cleaning, appearance care .................... 133
clutch system .......................................... 98
color label ............................................. 180
compartment,
owner’s manual .................................. 69
storage ................................................. 70
tool kit ................................................. 68
consumer information .......................... 201
controls & features ................................. 17
coolant..................................................... 86
customer service ................................... 207
08/07/21 17:57:22 31MEG650 0226 Index
D
defects, safety ....................................... 210
drive, final............................................... 93
E
emission control systems ...................... 191
engine,
flooded ................................................ 38
idle speed .......................................... 102
low oil pressure................................. 168
number .............................................. 179
oil ........................................................ 76
overheats ........................................... 166
pinging ................................................ 73
starting ................................................ 35
stop switch .......................................... 20
stopping............................................... 39
won’t start ......................................... 149
environment .......................................... 145
F
final drive................................................ 93
flat tire................................................... 154
flooded engine ........................................ 38
fuel,
oxygenated........................................ 199
recommendation ................................. 73
tank capacity ....................................... 74
valve .................................................... 17
fuses ...................................................... 169
Index
217
08/07/21 17:57:27 31MEG650 0227 Index
horn button .............................................. 21
G
I
gap, spark plug...................................... 105
gasohol .................................................. 199
gasoline ................................................... 73
H
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 20
helmet holder .......................................... 46
high altitude carburetor adjustment ..... 190
high beam indicator .......................... 13, 15
high coolant temperature
indicator .................................... 13, 15, 166
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 207
dealer................................................. 208
Rider’s Club...................................... 209
Honda service manual .......................... 202
218 Index
identification, vehicle ........................... 178
idle speed, engine ................................. 102
ignition cut-off system, side stand ......... 35
ignition switch ........................................ 18
indicators................................................. 13
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 27
K
key, lost ................................................. 174
kit, tool .................................................... 68
L
labels, safety ............................................. 7
lamp check .............................................. 14
08/07/21 17:57:32 31MEG650 0228 Index
limit, weight ............................................ 31
load limits ............................................... 31
loading guidelines................................... 31
lock, steering ........................................... 45
low oil pressure indicator ......... 13, 16, 168
M
maintenance,
component locations........................... 65
importance .......................................... 52
periodic ............................................... 56
record .................................................. 63
safety................................................... 53
schedule .............................................. 58
manual, service ..................................... 202
maximum weight limit ........................... 31
modifications ............................................ 6
N
neutral indicator ................................ 13, 15
numbers, serial ...................................... 178
O
odometer ........................................... 13, 16
odometer/tripmeter select and
reset button ................................. 13, 16, 21
oil,
engine .................................................. 76
final drive ........................................... 93
low pressure.......................... 13, 16, 168
operation component locations .............. 10
overheat, engine.................................... 166
owner’s manual storage .......................... 69
oxygenated fuels................................... 199
Index
219
08/07/21 17:57:37 31MEG650 0229 Index
P
parking .................................................... 44
pinging, engine ....................................... 73
plugs, spark ........................................... 104
pre-load, suspension,
rear .................................................... 108
pre-ride inspection .................................. 27
problems, unexpected ........................... 147
protective apparel ................................... 24
R
removal,
seat ...................................................... 72
side cover ............................................ 71
reporting safety defects ........................ 210
rider training ....................................... 3, 26
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 209
220 Index
riding,
basic operation .................................... 33
clothing ............................................... 24
precautions .......................................... 34
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 34
with passenger or cargo ...................... 48
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 54
labels ..................................................... 7
reporting defects ............................... 210
riding precautions ............................... 34
schedule, maintenance ............................ 58
seat removal ............................................ 72
serial numbers ....................................... 178
service,
customer............................................ 207
08/07/21 17:57:42 31MEG650 0230 Index
manuals ............................................. 202
warranty ............................................ 206
shifting gears .......................................... 40
side cover removal.................................. 71
side stand .............................................. 127
side stand ignition cut-off system .......... 35
spark knock ............................................. 73
spark plugs ............................................ 104
specifications ........................................ 181
speedometer ...................................... 13, 15
stand, side ............................................. 127
start button .............................................. 19
starting,
engine .................................................. 35
troubleshooting ................................. 149
steering lock ............................................ 45
stop switch, engine ................................. 20
stopping engine ....................................... 39
storage,
compartment ....................................... 70
motorcycle ........................................ 140
owner’s manual .................................. 69
suspension,
rear suspension adjustment .............. 108
rear suspension spring pre-load........ 108
switch,
engine stop .......................................... 20
headlight dimmer................................ 20
ignition ................................................ 18
turn signal ........................................... 21
T
theft-prevention tips ............................... 47
throttle ..................................................... 96
(cont’d)
Index
221
08/07/21 17:57:46 31MEG650 0231 Index
tires,
air pressure........................................ 118
flat ..................................................... 154
replacing ........................................... 124
tool kit ..................................................... 68
training, rider ...................................... 3, 26
transporting your motorcycle ............... 144
tripmeter............................................ 13, 16
trouble, unexpected .............................. 147
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 149
turn signal indicator .......................... 13, 15
V
valve, fuel ............................................... 17
vehicle identification no. (VIN)... 178, 179
222 Index
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 205
extended ............................................ 205
service ............................................... 206
washing your motorcycle ..................... 135
weight limit ............................................. 31
wheels,
front removal .................................... 156
rear removal ...................................... 160
08/07/21 17:57:53 31MEG650 0232 Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How to Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil –– insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner –– dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
08/07/21 17:57:56 31MEG650 0233 Quick Reference
VIN
Engine No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
08/07/21 17:58:06 31MEG650 0234 Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Engine Oil
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 27 ): tires &
wheels, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.
Check the following items monthly (page 56 ): tires & wheels, fluids,
lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
3.70 US gal (14.0 )
reserve: 0.87 US gal (3.3 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent
401 lbs (182 kg)
410 lbs (186 kg) Canada
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
Quick Reference
08/07/21 17:58:21 31MEG650 0235 Quick Reference
Tires
Front: 120/90−17M/C 64S
Rear:
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Coolant
Fuses
Final Drive Oil
Quick Reference
160/80−15M/C 74S
DUNLOP D404FG or
BRIDGESTONE G701 or
CHENG SHIN M6002
DUNLOP D404 or
BRIDGESTONE G702 or
CHENG SHIN M6011R
Type: bias-ply, tube
Front: 29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
Rear: 29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )
with less than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
with more than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight
standard: DPR6EA−9 (NGK) or X20EPR−U9 (DENSO)
high speed riding: DPR7EA−9 (NGK) or X22EPR−U9 (DENSO)
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
main: 30A
other: 20A, 10A
Hypoid Gear Oil SAE 80
08/07/21 17:58:31 31MEG650 0236 Quick Reference
These symbols are used in Controls & Features section:
SYMBOL
COMPONENT
choke knob
START button
RUN − engine stop switch
OFF − engine stop switch
HI − headlight dimmer switch
LO − headlight dimmer switch
turn signal switch
horn button
SEE PAGE
18
19
20
20
20
20
21
21
Quick Reference
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