A Little Scientist Blending Books with Science for 2 to 5 yr olds

A Little Scientist Blending Books with Science for 2 to 5 yr olds
ALittleScientist
BlendingBookswithSciencefor2to5yrolds
A.W.A.R.ETrainingServices,Inc.
LisaK.Heusel,M.ED
P.O.Box13160Savannah,GA31416
Office#:912-353-9674orCell#:912-312-2811
Fax#912-354-3597
Email:[email protected]
www.awaretrainingservices.com
IdeasforSettingUpEasyScienceProjects
1.Createpicturesforthestepstobecompletedandplacepicturesoneasyto
hold,laminatedcardsforthechildren.Remembertonumbereachpicturein
theorderthetasksaretobedone.
2.Gatherallthematerialsneededtocompletetheprojectandplacethem
togetherineasytomanagecontainers;someexamplesare:
a.verysmallitemsinZiplocbags
b.largeritemsinlargerbagsorshoeboxes
c.verylargeitemsinseethroughcontainers
3.LabeleachItemwithmorepicturesandthecorrespondingwords.
4.Ifthereisacorrespondingstorybook,keepitwiththematerials
5.Includeaquestionsandpossibleanswerspage,aswellaspotentialresultsof
theexperimenttohaveonhandtoreadwiththechildren
**Wellplannedandindividualizedscienceprojectsmaytaketheteachermore
timeinitiallytoprepare,butforthepurposeofallowingyoungchildrento
completethetaskwithaslittledirectionorhelpwillbewellworththeeffort**
TeachersCan!!!!
1.Showvideos,TVsuchasDiscoveryChannelorAnimalPlanet,orsitesonthe
InternettointroduceSciencetoyoungchildren.
2.Visitmuseums,aquariums,orsciencecenters,ifpossible
3.Interviewthechildrentofindoutwhatintereststhemmostandstartthere;
animals,plants,snakes,bugs,water,etc.
4.Allowchildrentodrawpicturesofwhattheyknowanddescribeittoyouin
theirownwords.
5.Takenaturewalksaroundtheareaifpossible,ifnot,inthefacilitiesownback
yard.
6.Watchchildrenastheyplayandtrytospothowtheyusescienceconceptsto
resolveproblems,thenusethistoexpandtheirexperiencesandtheir
vocabularytounderstandwhattheyjust“naturally”did.
7.ProvideBOOKS!!Fiction,non-fiction,picturebooks,magazines,asmanyas
possibleinasciencedesignatedarea.Makethemeasytoreachandusebythe
childrenforbothsciencetimeandanytypeofplay.
8.Bringinexpertsthatdealwithsciencerelatedmatters,suchasalocalpark
ranger,“mosquitocontrol”,professorfromanearbycollegewhostudiesrocks
andminerals.Askeveryoneyouknow!
9.Allowplentyoftimeforscienceprojectstogivechildrentimetoexplore,
question,listen,observe,etc.
**Tolearnmoreaboutteachingscience,pleaserefertoTheNationalScience
EducationStandardsBookat
http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=4962
TheFive“E”sofTeachingScience
Engage-askquestions
Explore-gathertogetherideasand“evidence”
Explain-Useknowledgegainedandobservechildrentohelp
understanding
Extend-askmorequestions,trymoreideas,applyknowledgegained
tootherareasofplay
Evaluate-Askquestionstoassurechildrenhavelearnedfrom
experience.
**Thefollowingscienceexperimentiscreatedforallagesandshows
howtousetheFiveE’slistedabove**
IceCreamMakingLesson
Objectives
1.Studentswillmakeicecreamusinghouseholditemstocomparetastetostorebought
product.
2.Studentswillobservethechemicalreactionstakingplacewhenmakingtheirownice
cream
3.Studentswillbeabletousetermssuchasice,milk,sugar,flavors,andexplaintheprocess
usingtheirownleveloflanguageskills.
Materials
Milk,Creamorhalfandhalf,vanillaextractorchocolatesyrup,sugar,ice,salt,zip-locplastic
bags(largeorsmall),newspaper.
**Pleasebesuretodetermineifchildrenhavemilkallergiesorlactoseintolerance**
Experimentcontinuedonnextpage
Procedure
Blendtogetheringredientsinsmallbagsexceptforice.Putseveralsmallbagsinlargebag
withiceandshake,rattle,androlluntilstartstoformcreamysubstance**Dothisafterthe
questionforEngageandExplorehavebeenaddressedwithchildren.
Tasteandthentastestoreboughticecream
THEFIVEE’susedduringtheicecreammaking
EngageHaveyouevereatenicecream?(previousknowledge)
Describethetasteoficecream(comprehension)
Nametheingredientsyouthinkicecreamismadefrom.(knowledge)
Howdoyouthinkicecreamismade?(analysis)
ExploreHowdoyoumakeicecreamwiththeseingredients?(synthesis)
Canyouthinkofseveralwaystomakeicecream?(synthesis)
ExplainWhytheliquidingredientsareturningintoicecream(analysis)
Howlongdoyouthinkitwilltake?(knowledge)
Whydoyouthinkweneedsaltintheicecreammakingprocess?(analysis)
ElaborateIsitpossibletomakedifferentflavors?(applicationofknowledge)
Doyouthinkwecouldmakeicecreamifweleftoutoneoftheingredients?
(synthesis)
*Otherideastoelaborate:afieldtriptothestoretobuyicecream,atriptoDairyQueen,etc.
Allowingthechildrentomakeicecreamoutofplaydough,clay,mud,artmaterials,etc.**
EvaluateContinuetoaskquestionsaschildrenmovefrommakingicecreamtoother
“icecream”events
WhyweUseBooksto“DO”Science
1.DevelopsVocabularyWords
2.HelpsCuriosity,Raisesquestionstowardsunderstanding,leadstomore
questions
3.ConstructsMoreMeaningandKnowledge
4.Fast-Mapping–achild’sabilitytohearawordonceortwiceandstoreitfor
furtherexplorationofmeaningintheirfuture.
5.Enhanceschild’ssenseofwonder
6.Wordusageandexpressionsincrease
7.Helpsimprovereading,listening,andlanguageskills
ASHORTLISTOFGREATBOOKS
OnceIknewaSpider
HowGroundHog’sGardenGrew
ButterflyCount
CrawdadCreek
SwimmingwithDolphins
Red-EyedTreeFrog
GorillaWalk
GoneAgainPtarmigan
IfYouShouldHearaHoneyGuide
LonesomeGeorgetheGiantTortoise
BabyWhale’sJourney
*AComprehensivelistofbooksispublishedeachMarchin“ScienceandChildren”andis
accessedatwww.nsta.orgTheseareNationalScienceTeacher’sAssociation’sOutstanding
ScienceBooksforChildren*
ScienceVocabularyWordsforYoungChildren
Objects
Solids
Liquids
Hard
Soft
Classify
Materials
Rocks
Shapes
Mass
Plants
Bodies
Sound
Light
Movement
Earth
Space
Weather
Day
Night
Lifecycle
Animals
Cells
GreatWebsitesforMoreFunScience
www.madsci.org
www.parenthumor.com/activitycenter/homemadeart/homemadeglue/htm
www.childcarelounge.com/activity/science-experiments.php/
www.heifereducation.org
www.chefsolus.com
www.nourishinteractive.com/free-healthy-recipes/109-happy-face-snack
www.pbskids.org/dragonflytv/scifair
www.stormthecastle.com/how-to-make-a/how-to-make-a-volcano.htm
www.scifun.org
www.exploratorium
ImportantInformationalWebsites
www.naeyc.org/about/positions.daptop.asp
www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/nses/html
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