Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide

Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
User Guide
Keysight M9537A AXIe
Embedded Controller
ii
Notices
© Keysight Technologies 2016
No part of this manual may be reproduced
in any form or by any means(including
electronic storage and retrieval or
translation into a foreign language)
without prior agreement and written consent from Keysight Technologies, Inc. as
governed by United States and international copyright laws.
Manual Part Number
M9537-90002
Edition
Edition 1, August, 2016
Keysight Technologies, Inc. 1400
Fountaingrove Parkway Santa Rosa, CA
95403 USA
Sales and Technical Support
Warranty
To contact Keysight for sales and technical
support, refer to the support links on the
following Keysight websites:
THE MATERIAL CONTAINED IN THIS
DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED “AS IS,” AND
IS SUBJECT TO BEING CHANGED,
WITHOUT NOTICE, IN FUTURE EDITIONS. FURTHER, TO THE MAXIMUM
EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE
LAW, KEYSIGHT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
WITH REGARD TO THIS MANUAL AND
ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. KEYSIGHT
SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS OR
FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH THE
FURNISHING, USE, OR PERFORMANCE
OF THIS DOCUMENT OR OF ANY INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. SHOULD
KEYSIGHT AND THE USER HAVE A SEPARATE WRITTEN AGREEMENT WITH
WARRANTY TERMS COVERING THE
MATERIAL IN THIS DOCUMENT THAT
CONFLICT WITH THESE TERMS, THE
WARRANTY TERMS IN THE SEPARATE
AGREEMENT SHALL CONTROL.
www.keysight.com/find/M9537A (product
specific information and support, software
and documentation updates)
www.keysight.com/find/assist (world-wide
contact information for repair and service)
Declaration of Conformity
Declarations of Conformity for this product
and for other Keysight products may be
downloaded from the Web. Go to
http://keysight.com/go/conformity and click
on “Declarations of Conformity.” You can
then search by product number to find the
latest Declaration of Conformity.
Technology Licenses
Trademarks
AXIe is a registered trademark of the AXIe
Consortium.
PXI is a registered trademark of the PXI
Systems Alliance.
PICMG®, Compact PCI®, and
AdvancedTCA® are registered trademarks of the PCI Industrial Computer
Manufacturers Group.
PCI-SIG®, PCI Express®, and PCIe® are
registered trademarks of PCI-SIG.
iii
The hardware and/or software described in
this document are furnished under a license
and may be used or copied only in
accordance with the terms of such license.
Keysight Technologies does not warrant
third-party system-level (combination of
chassis, controllers, modules, etc.) performance, safety, or regulatory compliance unless specifically stated.
DFARS/Restricted Rights
Notices
If software is for use in the performance of
a U.S. Government prime contract or
subcontract, Software is delivered and
licensed as “Commercial computer software” as defined in DFAR 252.227-7014
(June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as
defined in FAR 2.101(a) or as “Restricted
computer software” as defined in FAR
52.227-19 (June 1987) or any equivalent
agency regulation or contract clause. Use,
duplication or disclosure of Software is
subject to Keysight Technologies’ standard commercial license terms, and nonDOD Departments and Agencies of the U.
S. Government will receive no greater
than Restricted Rights as defined in FAR
52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users will receive no greater than
Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.22714 (June 1987) or DFAR 252.227- 7015 (b)
(2) (November 1995), as applicable in any
technical data.
Safety Information
The following general safety precautions
must be observed during all phases of
operation of this instrument. Failure to
comply with these precautions or with
specific warnings or operating
instructions in the product manuals
violates safety standards of design,
manufacture, and intended use of the
instrument. Keysight Technologies
assumes no liability for the customer's
failure to comply with these requirements.
Do Not Remove Instrument Cover
Only qualified, service-trained personnel
who are aware of the hazards involved
should remove instrument covers. Always
disconnect the power cable and any external
circuits before removing the instrument
cover.
Keep away from live circuits
Operating personnel must not remove
equipment covers or shields. Procedures
involving the removal of covers and shields
General
are for use by service-trained personnel only.
Do not use this product in any manner not Under certain conditions, dangerous
specified by the manufacturer. The protec- voltages may exist even with the equipment
switched off. To avoid dangerous electrical
tive features of this product must not be
impaired if it is used in a manner specified shock, DO NOT perform procedures
involving cover or shield removal unless you
in the operation instructions.
are qualified to do so.
Before Applying Power
Verify that all safety precautions are
taken. Make all connections to the unit
before applying power. Note the external
markings described under “Safety
Symbols”.
Ground the Instrument
Keysight chassis’ are provided with a
grounding-type power plug. The
instrument chassis and cover must be
connected to an electrical ground to
minimize shock hazard. The ground pin
must be firmly connected to an electrical
ground (safety ground) terminal at the
power outlet. Any interruption of the
protective (grounding) conductor or
disconnection of the protective earth
terminal will cause a potential shock
hazard that could result in personal
injury.
Do Not Operate in an Explosive
Atmosphere
Do not operate the module/chassis in the
presence of flammable gases or fumes.
Do Not Operate Near Flammable Liquids
Do not operate the module/chassis in the
presence of flammable liquids or near
containers of such liquids.
Cleaning
Clean the outside of the Keysight module /
chassis with a soft, lint-free, slightly
dampened cloth. Do not use detergent or
chemical solvents.
DO NOT operate damaged
equipment
Whenever it is possible that the safety
protection features built into this product
have been impaired, either through physical
damage, excessive moisture, or any other
reason, REMOVE POWER and do not use the
product until safe operation can be verified
by service-trained personnel. If necessary,
return the product to an Keysight Technologies Sales and Service Office for service and
repair to ensure the safety features are
maintained.
DO NOT block the primary
disconnect
Do NOT block vents and fan exhaust: To
ensure adequate cooling and ventilation,
leave a gap of at least 50mm (2") around
vent holes on both sides of the chassis.
Do NOT operate with empty slots: To
ensure proper cooling and avoid
damaging equipment, fill each empty slot
with an AXIe filler panel module.
Do NOT stack free-standing chassis:
Stacked chassis should be rack-mounted.
All modules are grounded through the
chassis: During installation, tighten each
module's retaining screws to secure the
module to the chassis and to make the
ground connection.
Operator is responsible to maintain safe
operating conditions. To ensure safe
operating conditions, modules should not
be operated beyond the full temperature
range specified in the Environmental and
physical specification. Exceeding safe
operating conditions can result in shorter
lifespan, improper module performance
and user safety issues. When the modules
are in use and operation within the
specified full temperature range is not
maintained, module surface temperatures
may exceed safe handling conditions
which can cause discomfort or burns if
touched. In the event of a module
exceeding the full temperature range,
always allow the module to cool before
touching or removing modules from the
chassis.
The primary disconnect device is the
appliance connector/power cord when a
chassis used by itself, but when installed into
a rack or system the disconnect may be
impaired and must be considered part of the
installation.
Do Not Modify the Instrument
Do not install substitute parts or perform
any unauthorized modification to the
product. Return the product to an Keysight
Sales and Service Office to ensure that
safety features are maintained.
In Case of Damage
Instruments that appear damaged or
defective should be made inoperative and
secured against unintended operation until
they can be repaired by qualified service
personnel
iv
Safety and Regulatory Symbols
A CAUTION denotes a hazard. It
calls attention to an operating procedure or practice that, if not correctly performed or adhered to,
could result in damage to the
product or loss of important data.
Do not proceed beyond a CAUTION
notice until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
A WARNING denotes a hazard. It
calls attention to an operating procedure or practice, that, if not correctly performed or adhered to,
could result in personal injury or
death. Do not proceed beyond a
WARNING notice until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
Products display the following symbols:
Refer to manual for
additional safety
information.
The CSA mark is a registered trademark of the Canadian Standards Association and indicates compliance to
the standards laid out by them. Refer
to the product Declaration of Conformity for details.
Notice for European Community: This
product complies with the relevant
European legal Directives: EMC Directive and Low Voltage Directive.
The Regulatory Compliance Mark
(RCM) mark is a registered trademark.
This signifies compliance with the Australia EMC Framework regulations
under the terms of the Radio Communication Act of 1992.
Earth Ground.
Chassis Ground.
ICES/NMB-001 indicates that this ISM
device complies with the Canadian
ICES-001. Cet appareil ISM est
conforme a la norme NMB-001 du
Canada.
Alternating Current (AC).
Direct Current (DC).
Standby Power. Unit is not
completely disconnected
from AC mains when
power switch is in standby
position
Indicates that antistatic
precautions should be
taken.
Operate the chassis in
the horizontal orientation.
Do NOT operate this
chassis in the vertical
orientation.
v
South Korean Class A EMC Declaration. this equipment is Class A suitable
for professional use and is for use in
electromagnetic environments outside
of the home.
This symbol represents the time period
during which no hazardous or toxic
substance elements are expected to
leak or deteriorate during normal use.
Forty years is the expected useful life
of this product.
Waste Electrical and
Electronic
Equipment (WEEE)
Directive
2002/96/EC
This product complies with the WEEE
Directive (2002/96/EC) marking
requirement. The affixed product label
(see below) indicates that you must not
discard this electrical/electronic product in domestic household waste.
Product Category: With reference to
the equipment types in the WEEE
directive Annex 1, this product is classified as a “Monitoring and Control
instrumentation” product.
Do not dispose in domestic household
waste.
To return unwanted products, contact
your local Keysight office, or see
www.keysight.com/environment/product for more information.
v
vi
Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
M9537A at a glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Front panel LED definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Upgrading from the M9536A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
I/O interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Gigabit Ethernet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
DisplayPort video connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
PCIe backplane interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Using the LAN Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Selecting M9537A LAN ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Embedded System Module LAN connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2. Controller Operating System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Microsoft Windows Embedded Standard 7 (WES 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Verify Windows Activation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Controller Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Using Keysight Connection Expert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
AXIe Chassis Soft Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
AXIe Chassis Web Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
DisplayPort video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Using multiple monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Windows Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
User data backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Windows updates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
System backup and recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Create a system image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Restoring a System Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Windows Embedded 7 Recovery Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Chassis shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Wake on LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Power down modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Things not to do . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Application software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
SSD drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Windows Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Software application licenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
vii
Microsoft operating system licensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. BIOS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PCIe boot (Holdoff) time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restoring defaults (User set or factory defaults) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitor system status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. Related documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
37
38
38
39
39
39
40
41
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9
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
1. Introduction
The Keysight Technologies M9537A is a second-generation AXIe embedded
controller. It is a powerful, one-slot module that can be used to build compact AXIe
systems. It also easily integrates into hybrid test systems using the GP-IB, USB,
and LAN front panel interfaces.
The embedded controller is built upon a high-performance Intel Core i7 quad-core
processor with Hyper-Threading Technology. This makes it perfect for highperformance applications and multi-tasking environments.
The Keysight M9537A has the following key features:
Intel i7-6820EQ 2.8 GHz quad core processor
Single-slot AXIe controller module
Front removable 240 GB solid state drive
8 GB DDR4 RAM Memory standard with an option for 16 GB and a maximum
of 32 GB
Optional NVMe disk cache for higher-speed data storage
Gen3 x16 PCIe link to the AXIe backplane providing up to 16 GB/s max data
bandwidth from CPU to AXIe backplane (actual data bandwidth depends on
chassis capability)
Front panel connection connections: four USB 3.0, two USB 2.0, two LAN (10
/100/1000), three 4K-capable DisplayPort 1.2, and GPIB
x8 Gen3 PCIe IPASS connector on the front for controlling a second AXIe
chassis, connection to RAID storage, or mutlple PCIe chassis
64-bit Windows Embedded Standard 7 (WES 7) operating system
The M9537A is built to support the latest AXIe wide PCIe standard while providing
backward compatibility with a chassis that is compliant to the original AXIe-1
standard. This means it can support an AXIe chassis with PCIe fabrics ranging from
x4 Gen 2 to x16 Gen 3. In addition to the PCIe fabric, the M9537A also provides an
Ethernet channel for access to the AXIe Ethernet fabric.
The M9537A does not provide the chassis management functions of an AXIe
system module such as the embedded system module in the M9502A and M9505A
or the M9521A used with the M9514A chassis. But once installed in the AXIe
chassis, it has direct access to the AXIe backplane and can be used in place of an
external host PC.
M9537A at a glance
The following image shows the front panel for the M9537A.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
10
Front panel LED definitions
The following tables list the front panel LEDs and a brief description of their use
and what they indicate.
Power LED
SSD LED
LED Function
State
Definition
Power Status
On
Running
Off
Shutdown or standby
Green or Blinking
Green
Activity
Off
No activity
Red
OS is shutdown
Blinking Red
BIOS POST during boot-up
Off
BIOS POST OK and OS is
running
Solid State Hard Drive Activity
Out Of Service (OOS) LED Out of Service Status
11
USR LED
User defined
Off
Reserved for future use
SPD LED
AXIe Backplane PCIe Link Speed
Indicator
Off
No link
White
Gen 1
Blue
Gen 2
Green
Gen 3
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
LINK LED
LED Function
State
Definition
PCIe Cable Link Speed Indicator
Off
No link
White
Gen 1
Blue
Gen 2
Green
Gen 3
LAN LED
LXI Instrument LAN status
Off
Reserved for future use
RJ45 Port 1
LED on left side
LAN Link Status and Activity
Off
No link
Solid Green
Link established
Blinking Green
Network activity
Off
10 Mbps
Green
100 Mbps
Amber
1 Gbps
Off
No link
Solid Green
Link established
Blinking Green
Network activity
Off
10 Mbps
Green
100 Mbps
Amber
1 Gbps
RJ45 Port 1
LED on right side
RJ45 Port 2
LED on left side
RJ45 Port 2
LED on right side
LAN Speed
LAN Link Status and Activity
LAN Speed
IMPORTANT: Keysight M9502A or M9505A AXIe chassis must have firmware
revision 1.3.42 or later for the M9537A to identify and communicate with other
chassis module. Refer to the Keysight chassis web pages for information on
updating the chassis firmware at www.keysight.com/find/M9502A.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
12
The drivers and Keysight’s IO Libraries Suite installed on the M9537A controller
are the current versions available when the module shipped from the factory.
You should regularly check Keysight’s web sites and download the latest
drivers and software:
www.keysight.com/find/M9537A for the embedded controller
www.keysight.com/find/iosuite for IO Libraries
Periodically check for the latest AXIe chassis firmware:
www.keysight.com/find/M9502A for the 2-slot AXIe chassis
www.keysight.com/find/M9505A for the 5-slot AXIe chassis
www.keysight.com/find/M9514A for the 14-slot AXIe Chasiss
Accessories
Accessory number
Description
Y1206A
USB keyboard and mouse
Y1260A
GPIB cable
Y1261A
Display port to DVI adapter
Y1262A
Display port cable
Y1266A
Spare SSD with carrier WES 7/64 bit/240GB for M9537A
Upgrading from the M9536A
If you already have a Keysight M9536A Embedded Controller and you are
upgrading to an M9537A, be aware of the following:
The BIOS is not compatible
The M9537A supports OS Windows Embedded Standard 7 (64-bit)
The software is pre-loaded
13
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
Functional description
The 6th-generation Intel i7-6820EQ quad-core processor offers superior CPU ,
graphics, enhanced security and media performance. Built into the M9537A, it
provides:
Lower power consumption, higher performance per watt, faster loading
times for demanding applications, with best multitasking performance
Intel Hyper-Threading Technology with a total of 8 simultaneous threads
Direct media interface (DMI) 3.0 with 8 GT/s data bandwidth in each
direction
Improved GPU acceleration, with up to 40% better graphics performance
with 4K video playback capability
Greater security, including Intel® Software Guard Extensions (Intel® SGX)
and Intel® Memory Protection Extensions (Intel® MPX)
The Microsoft Windows Embedded 7 operating system takes full advantage of the
processor’s capabilities.
The PCI Express 3.0 Interface feature provides up to 8 GT/s for fast access to
peripheral devices and networking with up to 16 lanes. Intel Turbo Boost
Technology facilitates increased processor's frequency.
Intel i7-6820EQ Processor
L3 Cache
8 MB
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
14
Intel i7-6820EQ Processor
Clock Speed
2.8 GHz
Typical Power consumption
36.56W
Memory Types
DDR3L-1600
The M9537A has two 260-pin SODIMM memory sockets, which support DDR42133 RAM. Each socket can support 8 GB or 16 GB memory modules for a total
memory capacity of 32 GB. The standard configuration utilizes a single 8 GB
memory module. See the Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller Service
Guide for information on installing additional memory.
I/O interfaces
The Keysight M9537A has the following I/O interfaces.
Gigabit Ethernet
The M9537A is equipped with two dual-port Intel 82576EBB Gigabit Ethernet
controllers. In default configuration, one port is connected to the front panel and
one port is connected to the Base Interface channel on the backplane.
USB
The M9537A supports four Type-A USB 2.0 ports on the front panel.
On the USB 2.0 front panel ports, you can use a USB cable with up to 5 meters in
length.
15
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
The USB 2.0 ports are high-speed, full-speed, and low-speed capable. Hi-speed
USB 2.0 allows data transfers of up to 480 Mb/s, 40 times faster than a full-speed
USB (USB 1.1). One USB peripheral may be connected to each port, including a
powered or unpowered USB hub.
You can use the M9537A host interfaces with maximum 500mA continuous
load current as specified in the Universal Serial Bus Specification, Revision 2.0.
Short circuit protection is provided. All the signal lines are EMI filtered.
DisplayPort video connector
Built-in Intel HD graphics provides exceptional performance and supports up to
three 4K monitors. Up to three monitors are supported using the front panel
DisplayPort connectors. For highest (4K) performance, use the optional Y1262A
DisplayPort cable. For configuration flexibility, the optional Y1261A DisplayPort to
DVI adapter is available. However, these adapters do not support 4K graphics.
PCIe backplane interface
The M9537A PCIe interface is configured as the root complex. The following image
shows a conceptual diagram of M9537 installed in M9505A AXIe Chassis.
With the M9537A installed, there must be no connection to the ESM module
PCIe connector.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
16
Using the LAN Ports
If you install the Keysight M9537A controller in a Keysight AXIe chassis (such as the
M9502A or M9505A), there are a total of three LAN ports accessible on the front
panels. Two on the M9537A controller and one on the Embedded System Module
(ESM). Windows Device Manager shows a total of five (5) individual Network
Interface Cards (NICs); one is not used and one connects to the chassis backplane.
Changing the LAN port connection or removing the LAN cable,may cause
Keysight Connection Expert to lose track of LAN-enabled instruments. Reboot
the chassis to restore the complete list of LAN-enabled instruments.
Selecting M9537A LAN ports
The controller uses the Keysight IO Library Suite configuration file to keep track of
all instrument connections. Any change to LAN connections after running Keysight
Connection Expert (adding, removing, or changing LAN cable connections) may
cause a change in LAN address. This causes Keysight Connection Expert to lose
track of instruments. If your application programs rely on a specific IP address,
these programs may cease to operate when you change LAN cable connections.
If this happens, you should delete the connection in Connection Expert, power
down the controller and chassis, and reboot. Rerun IO Libraries Connection Expert
to obtain new addresses.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
Embedded System Module LAN connection
Changes to the Embedded System Module (ESM) LAN connection can be detected
only when the ESM is powered up. Whenever you change the ESM LAN
connection, do the following:
1. Power down the M9537A using the Shut down selection on the Windows
Start menu.
2. After shut down is complete, power down the chassis using the chassis
power button.
3. Make the desired change to the LAN connection.
4. Use the chassis power button to power up the chassis and M9537A
controller.
5. After Windows starts, verify that your LAN interface is operating correctly.
The above image shows the recommended LAN connections to the AXIe chassis
/ESM and the M9537A.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
18
The above images show possible Alternate LAN Connections. You may need to
manually add instrument IP addresses to Keysight Connection Expert.
Recommendations
As a general rule, connect a network LAN cable to the ESM’s LAN port and connect
LXI instruments to the M9537A’s LAN ports. While other configurations are viable,
this configuration provides the fastest and most consistent reporting in Keysight
Connection Expert.
The location at which the network and instruments are connected, when the
chassis and controller are first powered on, determines how quickly Keysight
Connection Expert locates network instruments. If necessary, shut down the
controller and chassis and reboot.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
If you move a LAN cable while chassis power is applied, Connection Expert
may not find all of the instruments available on the network.
For example, if the LAN cable is connected to the ESM when power is first applied
to the chassis and subsequently moved to one of the two LAN ports on the
controller (while the chassis is still powered on), Connection Expert may only find
the M9537A controller and AXIe modules installed in the chassis. Shut down the
controller and chassis and reboot to restore Connection Expert’s ability to locate
other network instruments.
Connect external LAN-enabled instruments (LXI instruments) to the M9537A
controller LAN ports. This allows Keysight Connection Expert to
automatically find the instruments. These instruments will have a local LAN
IP address or private network range.
LXI instruments may be connected to the ESM’s LAN port but Connection Expert
may not automatically find them when these instruments are not located on the
same LAN subnet range. However, instruments may be added manually using
Connection Expert’s Add Address feature.
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2. Controller Operating System
The Keysight M9537A comes with Windows Embedded Standard (WES 7) 64-Bit
pre-installed along with Keysight's IO Libraries Suite. In general, the M9537A
operates as any other PC.
This section provides general system configuration and preventative maintenance
procedures that the customer is responsible for.
See the BIOS Setup on page 38 section for information about setting the boot
devices.
Microsoft Windows Embedded Standard 7 (WES 7)
Keysight ensures that your copy of WES 7 is activated at the time it ships from the
factory. However, the first time you install and turn on the M9537A and WES 7
starts, you must accept the End User License Agreement (EULA). A copy of the
EULA is included in your controller shipment.
You can find a copy of EULA in the folder:
C:\Boot\SoftwareLicenseTerms.txt
Verify Windows activation
To verify Windows Activation, do the following:
1. Open the System by clicking the Windows Start button. Click Control Panel,
then System and Maintenance, and then click System.
2. Scroll down to the bottom of the screen. Under Windows Activation, you can
view the activation status.
By Keysight’s agreement with Microsoft, Windows Automatic Update is turned
off at installation. You may choose to turn Windows Automatic Update on after
starting the operating system. However, Keysight cannot be held responsible
for changes to the system caused by the automatic update process.
It is possible for automatic updates to cause unexpected behavior in the
system.
Controller startup
After installing the M9537A controller in an AXIe chassis, press the chassis’ power
on button. After a few moments, the controller beeps indicating it passed its POST
self tests. The following screen will display for a few moments:
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
Allow the controller to run through its normal startup routine. You can press the
DEL key to enter the BIOS Setup Utility . For more information, see BIOS Setup on
page 38.
You may see the following screen. If so, either press the Enter key or simply ignore
it to allow WES 7 operation system to start normally.
After a few moments, Microsoft WES 7 starts.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
22
Microsoft WES 7 is the only operating system installed on your M9537A. There
is a small system partition for the Keysight Recovery System . If you select this
option, the Recovery System menu opens.
Using Keysight Connection Expert
From the Windows Start button, select All Programs. Scroll down to the Keysight
IO Libraries Suite folder then select Keysight Connection Expert ( ). Alternately,
you can double-click the IO control icon ( ) in the lower right Windows
Notification area to run Keysight Connection Expert .
The following image shows Keysight Connection Expert. Refer to the Keysight IO
Libraries documentation for information on using Connection Expert.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
AXIe Chassis Soft Front Panel
To view and use the chassis Soft Front Panel (SFP) software in your M9537A,
click the Installed Software tab in Connection Expert. Then click the Start Chassis
Soft Front Panel link.
This opens the SFP software as shown in the following image. For instructions on
using the SFP, refer to the SFP help.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
24
AXIe Chassis Web Page
Click the Start the Chassis Web Interface link to launch the chassis Web Interface.
The chassis Web Home page loads in a new window using the default browser.
For detailed information on the AXIe chassis web page, see the Keysight M9502A
/M9505A AXIe Chassis User Guide.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
The Home Page displays identifying information about your chassis and web
connection. It displays additional information if you click the Advanced Information
drop-down menu button.
On the left side of the page are six buttons: The Home Page button, The LAN
Configuration Page button, the Module Configuration Page, the Trigger Routing
Page, the Chassis Health Page, and the Help Page. Of these six buttons, only two
are relevant to the M9537A Controller:
Module Configuration Page - This button allows you to view basic product and
model information for instrument modules loaded -- such as the M9537A -- in the
chassis.
Chassis Health Page - Displays PSU voltages, fan speeds and temperature.
Provides detailed event alarms for the chassis and any installed Intelligent Platform
Management Bus (IPMB)-equipped instrument modules.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
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1. Click on the Module Configuration Page button.
This opens the Module Configuration Page which provides the module’s
serial number and revision.
2. Click the Chassis Health Page button.
This opens the Chassis Health page as shown that provides backplane rail voltages
and operating temperatures in the M9537A Controller.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
DisplayPort video
DisplayPort is designed to be compatible with legacy display monitors. However,
you may need a simple and inexpensive DisplayPort to DVI, HDMI, or VGA adapter.
DisplayPort provides high resolution and long video cables. You must purchase an
adapter for other video interfaces (such as VGA); maximum resolution depends on
the adapter used.
A standard copper DisplayPort cable can support a video resolution of up to 3840
by 2160 over a length of 6.5 feet or 1080p resolution up to 50 feet.
Audio
There is no audio hardware or drivers included in the M9537A controller. Other
than the Power-On Self Test (POST) beeps, you will hear no sound from the
controller. The means that there are no Windows alerts or sounds. If you need
audio, you can add USB speakers.
Using multiple monitors
Keysight’s M9537A controller supports monitor configurations through the three
DisplayPort connectors. Once you have connected the three monitors, you may
want to configure their arrangement.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
28
1. Right-click on a blank area of the display (Desktop) then click Screen
resolution. This opens the Screen resolution display:
2. Click the Identify button to display large numbers on your screen to allow you
to identify each screen.
3. Click on one of the three monitor displays, the border around the display
changes to a light blue.
Note that only 1 monitor can be your main display where your Start menu
button and task bar appear.
4. Select the monitor you want to be your main display to give it a blue border.
5. Select the Make this my main display check box.
6. Click Apply.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
Windows security
If your system is connected to the internet, you should take the following steps to
ensure the operating system is protected:
Use an internet firewall
Get the latest Windows updates
Install and use up-to-date antivirus software
To check the status or make changes to the security settings of your controller,
open the Windows Security Center (Start > Control Panel > System and Security).
User data backup
All user data should be regularly backed up to an external memory device. This can
be done across a network or to a USB device. Your IT department may already have
a backup strategy which is suitable for the system and data. Also, user data back
up should be done just prior to sending the controller back to Keysight for service.
Windows updates
The default system setting is Windows Automatic Updates is turned off. You need
to manually update Windows OS by accessing Internet Explorer and from the Tools
menu, select Windows Update.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
30
Downloading and installing Windows Updates can be network
and CPU intensive (impacting system performance) and some
Windows Updates automatically reboot the controller. Therefore,
Windows updates should be performed when the system is not in
normal use.
There is no antivirus or spyware software included with your
controller. Antivirus application software is the customer's
responsibility. Having antivirus software installed my have a
slight impact on system performance if your system uses
intensive network data transfer.
System backup and recovery
You should regularly create a complete System Image of your SSD as a backup in
case you ever need to reinstall the operating system. There are several third-party
backup solutions available. By definition, a system image is an exact copy of the
computer hard drive. A system image includes the Windows operating system files
as well as your system settings, application programs, and data files. You should
regularly create a system image so that all data, applications, etc. have backups.
The system image may be stored on a USB memory stick, multiple CD/DVDs, an
external (USB) hard drive, or to a separate LAN drive.
When you restore your hard drive from a system image, it is a complete restoration.
You cannot choose individual items to restore, and all of your current programs,
system settings, and files are replaced with the contents of the system image.
Therefore, you should also keep a regular backup of your data and applications.
You can also create Windows Restore Points to return your system files and
settings without affecting data or application files.
Microsoft Windows Embedded Standard 7 (WES7) 64-bit operating system is the
only operating system installed on your M9537A. In WES7 there is a small system
partition for the Keysight Recovery System on the SSD. During the WES7 boot
process, you are given the choice to boot to WES7 normally or boot from the
recovery partition.
Some third-party backup utilities may destroy Keysight’s Recovery System
partition. If this happens, the Keysight Recovery System will not work.
Create a system image
You should regularly create a system image of the SSD on the M9537A. The
following procedure explains how to create an initial system image after activating
Windows.
Always store your back up CDs/DVDs, hard drives, memory sticks, etc., in a secure
place to prevent unauthorized access to your files.
To create a complete image backup of the SSD, perform the following steps before
running your image backup solution:
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
1. Unhide the Keysight Recovery Partition. If you do not do this, it remains
hidden and not included in the system image.
a. Click the Windows Start button.
b. Type CMD into the Search programs and files text box.
c. Press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER. This is the keyboard shortcut allowing
elevation to Run as Administrator.
d. In the DOS Command window, type: CD \ and press Enter.
e. In the DOS Command window, type: CD Keysight\Scripts. Press Enter.
f. Type: HideUnhideRecoveryPartition.vbs unhide.
g. Press Enter.
h. The Keysight Recovery Partition is now unhidden and should appear in
the Windows File Explorer.
i. Close the DOS Command window.
2. Connect a USB hard drive to the M9537A. Make certain that Windows
identifies and can run the external hard drive. If you are using a LAN drive,
make certain the LAN cable is connected to the M9537A.
3. Now, run your system image backup solution.
4. When you have created the system backup, you can re-hide the Keysight
Recovery Partition.
a. Click the Windows Start button.
b. Type CMD into the Search text box field.
c. Press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER. This is the keyboard shortcut to trigger
elevation to Run as Administrator.
d. In the DOS Command window, type: CD \ and press Enter.
e. In the DOS Command window, type: CD Keysight\Scripts. Press Enter.
f. Type: Run HideUnhideRecoveryPartition.vbs hide.
g. Press Enter.
h. The Keysight Recovery Partition is now hidden and should not appear
in the Windows File Explorer.
i. Close the DOS Command window.
The system is now ready for use.
Restoring a system image
If you have been saving system images, use the same application to restore the
image. If you have not been saving system images, then your options for recovery
are more limited.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
32
If you have a SSD failure due to the SSD being physically broken, then you must
replace the SSD. If you have previously saved a system image, then you can install
a blank SSD and copy your previously saved system image to it. If you do not have
a previously saved system image, you can purchase from Keysight a new SSD
containing the factory default system image.
If the SSD is still functional, but the WES 7 operating system has been corrupted
beyond repair, you will need to restore the system image. If you have previously
saved a system image, then you can copy your previously saved system image to
the SSD and thus overwriting the corrupted operating system. If you do not have a
previously saved system image, you can boot to the recovery partition and restore
your WES 7 operating system to the factory default.
If you want to return your system to a previous state, you can only do that if you
have previously saved a system image of that state.
Windows Embedded 7 recovery process
During the WES7 boot process, you are given the choice to boot to the Windows
operating system normally or boot from the Instrument Image Recovery System. If
you select to boot from the recovery partition, you are prompted to review the
Keysight Technologies Software License Agreement. You must then accept the
agreement in order to proceed. The Instrument Image Recovery System opens a
menu with five selections:
1. Run Check Disk on the system drive.
2. Recover the original factory system image.
3. View troubleshooting documentation.
4. Repair the system drive.
5. Exit and restart the instrument.
Enter your selection and press the OK button. Follow the instructions on the
screen.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
Selection number 2 restores Keysight’s original factory system image. All data
and system applications are lost.
Chassis shutdown
As with any PC, you should not shut down Windows-based instruments by either
turning off the power via an external power source or by pulling the power plug out
from the rear panel. This could corrupt the operating system. The only approved
way to shut down the controller is to execute the Windows shutdown process and
then turn off the chassis via the chassis On/Off button.
Pressing the chassis power button immediately removes power from the
controller. This may cause loss of data or damage to the controller.
Wake on LAN
Wake on LAN1 (WoL, also known as Remote Wake-Up) is an industry standard
protocol for waking up computers that are in a low power mode (sleep, hibernating,
or turned off but still has power applied) to be turned on by a network message.
Keysight’s M9537A supports WoL when the chassis and controller are powered
down but AC power is still applied to the chassis.
Wake on LAN is applicable only for M9537A. This protocol is not applicable for
the chassis.
On the M9537A, WoL is supported on both LAN ports of the controller. These ports
are powered from the auxiliary power supply in the M9514A chassis, even if the
power is turned off (as long as AC power is still connected to the chassis). The
chassis INHIBIT switch must be in the DEFault position.
If you install the M9537A controller in a chassis other than the Keysight M9514A
AXIe chassis, consult your chassis manual for power down behavior.
To configure the M9537A for WoL from power down:
1. From the Windows Start button, select Control Panel > Device Manager >
Network Adapters.
2. Double click Intel(R) Ethernet Connection I217-LM. This opens the Properties
dialog box for the Port #1 NIC as shown in the following image. Note that
Intel(R) I210 Gigabit Network Connection is for the LAN Port #2 NIC.
3. Select the Power Management tab.
4. Select both the Wake on Magic Packet from power off state and Wake
on Link Settings check boxes.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
34
5. Click OK to save and exit the settings and then close the Windows Device
Manager.
Wake on Magic Packet2: This mode is not supported.
Wake on Magic Packet2 from power off: This mode wakes the M9537A from a
power off state (S5) when it receives a Magic Packet1.
Wake on Link Settings: If this is the only mode selected, it requires the
controller to be in sleep or hibernate mode. This mode is not supported.
However, when checked along with Wake on Magic Packet from power off, the
M9537A will power on when plugging a LAN cable into the LAN 2 connector.
Wake on Pattern Match: This mode is not supported
1
The term Wake on LAN is a trademark of IBM Corporation.
2
The Magic Packet is a broadcast (UDP) frame targeted to the controller. It
contains 6 bytes of all 255 (FFFFFFFFFFFF in hexadecimal) followed by sixteen
instances of the controller’s 48-bit MAC address, for a total of 102 bytes. Typical
ports for sending WoL Magic Packets are UDP 7 and 9. There are a number of free
network tools that can send WoL Magic Packets.
Power down modes
Keysight’s M9537A defaults to the Windows High Performance Power Plan. This
plan does not allow the controller display to shut off or the controller to enter a
sleep or hibernate mode. In the following discussion, the power modes or states
are:
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
S0—Power on and fully operational
S1—Standby (sleep), CPU clock stopped, CPU/RAM powered on.
S2—Low Power (sleep), CPU powered off, context cache lost.
S3—Suspend to RAM (sleep), all context lost, system memory retained.
S4—Suspend to Disk (hibernation), context data written to SSD.
S5—Power Off (G2, Soft Off), requires reboot, LAN Port 2 is powered.
You should not enable the Microsoft Windows sleep or hibernate modes. It is
possible that the M9537A controller could go into sleep mode while it is
running a user test program. The controller may not have proper chassis
enumeration when it wakes up.
If you have a USB keyboard with a Sleep button (sometimes this is a key with a
moon logo), do not use it.
Your only options from the start menu are Shut down and Restart as shown in
the following graphic.
If you install the M9537A controller in a chassis other than the Keysight M9514A
AXIe chassis or M9502A/M9505A AXIe chassis, consult your chassis manual for
power down behavior.
Things not to do
As with any PC, there are several system-level settings and files that you should not
change, move, or delete as this could cause a number of difficulties.
Application software
Do not remove files under the C:\Program Files or C:\Program Files (x86) folders by
any means other than using the Add or Remove Programs utility found on the
Control Panel. Do not remove any software application that was pre-installed by
Keysight, even using the Add or Remove Program utility, unless you are instructed
by Keysight to do so while performing an update.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
36
SSD drive
Do not repartition the SSD drive or rename any of the existing partitions. Doing so
could cause the controller to either not have the disk space required or not be able
to find needed data.
Windows registry
Do not manually make any changes to the registry unless you know exactly what
you are doing. Making changes to the registry could affect the controller’s ability to
boot-up, execute programs, and display desired information.
Software application licenses
Some software applications require a license to use to the software. For security
reasons the licensing mechanism often uses a composite HostID which depends on
several system identifiers. A change to any of these identifiers may result in
invalidating the licenses on that system. In general, you can retrieve lost Keysight
software licenses at any time on the Keysight Software Licensing system (ASL) web
site at www.keysight.com/find/softwarelicense. You will need the license order
number and certificate number as well as a valid login and password.
If either of the following occurs, you will need to verify and possibly reissue the
license.
The SSD is reimaged, replaced, or corrupted.
The controller motherboard is replaced or the primary (system) BIOS serial
number has changed.
For more information, refer to the software application documentation.
Microsoft operating system licensing
The Microsoft WES 7 operating system supplied with your M9537A is licensed for
use on the SSD mounted to the controller. If the SSD is replaced, you may be
responsible to purchase or re-license the operating system.
Drivers
All of the M9537A Controller and M9514A AXIe chassis or M9502A/M9505A AXIe
chassis drivers were installed on your controller at the factory. You should not need
to reinstall them. However, you should periodically check www.keysight.com/find
/M9502A for updated drivers and firmware.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
3. BIOS Setup
The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) is a program that provides a basic level of
communication between the processor and peripherals. The BIOS setup program
includes menus for configuring settings and enabling M9537A controller features.
In general, you should leave the BIOS settings alone. If you are knowledgeable in
BIOS settings you may want to set the following.
Passwords
PCIe Boot (Holdoff) Time
Restoring Defaults (User Set or Factory Defaults)
Monitor System Status
Depending on your application, you may never need to update the BIOS on
your M9537A. However, you should always upgrade to the latest Keysight
BIOS. Any BIOS update for the M9537A will be available on the Keysight web
site: www.keysight.com/find/M9537A.
The BIOS is custom designed specifically for the M9537A. Do not attempt to
replace it with a generic BIOS.
Modifying BIOS settings may cause unexpected behavior in the M9537A. If this
happens, restore the factory default settings. See the Keysight M9537A AXIe
Embedded Controller Service Guide for more instruction. Do not change a BIOS
setting unless you are absolutely certain of what it does.
Passwords
There are two passwords that may be set using the BIOS Setup Utility:
Administrator Password: If the Administrator Password is set, then before
the BIOS Setup Utility can be entered, a message box appears asking for
that Password. After the Administrator Password is entered the controller
will continue into the BIOS Setup Utility.
User Password: If the User Password is set, then before the black splash
screen is displayed a message box will appear asking for that Password.
After the User Password is entered, the controller continues to the black
Splash Screen. At that time if you press the [Delete] key, you will enter the
Setup Utility. Notice the Administrator Password was NOT needed even if it
is set.
This can be configured from the BIOS screen Security.
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38
PCIe boot (Holdoff) time
You should not need to change the PCIe Boot time . However, some PXIe
instrument modules may take longer to be ready for enumeration than the PXI link
ready requirement of 100ms. Consequently, it is possible for some controllers (such
as the Keysight M9537A Embedded Controller) to enumerate the chassis before all
of the individual modules are ready and therefore not enumerate them. If you have
a situation where Keysight Connection Expert and/or the Windows Device Manager
consistently do not find specific instrument modules when the chassis powers up,
increase the wait time (valid range is 0 to 60 seconds).
This can be configured from the BIOS screen Advanced > Miscellaneous.
Restoring defaults (User set or factory defaults)
There are two types of stored default settings. They are:
Factory Default Values: The initial optimal setting that were shipped with the
M9537A from the factory. Both the User Password and the Administrator
Password are cleared.
User Default Values: You can modify the BIOS settings and save them to
memory and restore them when needed.
This can be configured from the BIOS screen Save & Exit.
Monitor system status
The BIOS monitors the following on the controller module:
PCIe switch temperature
CPU temperature
Main PC board temperature
Power supply voltages
These can be observed from the BIOS screen Main > System Management.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
4. Related documentation
Because the Operating System and drivers were installed at the factory and no
additional drivers are required, no printed documentation other than this Startup
Guide is supplied with the Controller Module.
Adobe Reader is required to view the documentation supplied on the M9537A
product information CD. It is available free at http://www.adobe.com. You should
install this on your M9537A prior to attempting to open a .PDF file. For the latest
M9537A documentation, go to www.keysight.com/find/M9537A.
Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
40
5. Glossary
Many of the terms in this manual and glossary are AXIe, ATCA or PICMG specific.
Refer to the relevant specifications for more detail on these terms.
AXIe - Advanced TCA eXtensions for Instrumentation is a platform for general
purpose modular instrumentation. It is an open industry standard aimed at test
equipment and instrumentation. It builds on the experience of VXIbus, PXI and LXI
technologies.
Base Channel - Supports a 10/100/1000 Base-T LAN port on the backplane of the
AXIe shelf.
PCI - Peripheral Component Interface bus. A standard for connecting hardware in a
computer.
PCIe - PCI Express. Peripheral Component Interface Express (or PCIe) A standard to
replace PCI.
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Keysight M9537A AXIe Embedded Controller User Guide
This information is subject to change
without notice.
© Keysight Technologies 2016
Edition 1, August 2016
Published In Malaysia
M9537-90002
www.keysight.com
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