Oracle Database Installation Guide 11g Release 1 (11.1) for

Oracle Database Installation Guide 11g Release 1 (11.1) for
Oracle® Database
Installation Guide
11g Release 1 (11.1) for Microsoft Windows
B32006-09
May 2011
Oracle Database Installation Guide 11g Release 1 (11.1) for Microsoft Windows
B32006-09
Copyright © 1996, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Primary Author:
Reema Khosla
Contributing Authors: Namrata Bhakthavatsalam, Sumit Jeloka, Chuck Murray, Pushpa Raghavachar,
Sanjay Sharma, Terri Winters
Contributors: Eric Belden, Maitreyee Chaliha, Sudip Datta, Vinisha Dharamshi, Jim Emmond, David
Friedman, Pat Huey, Alex Keh, Mark Kennedy, Peter LaQuerre, Rich Long, Anu Natarajan, Matt McKerley,
Mohamed Nosseir, Bharat Paliwal, Sham Rao Pavan, Hanlin Qian, Christian Shay, Janelle Simmons, Helen
Slattery, Sujatha Tolstoy, Michael Verheij, Sushil Kumar, Madhu Velukur, Ranjith Kundapur, Sergiusz
Wolicki, Jason Straub, Anne Romano, Joel Kallman, Kuassi Mensah, Sue Mavris
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Contents
Preface ................................................................................................................................................................. xi
Audience....................................................................................................................................................... xi
Documentation Accessibility ..................................................................................................................... xi
Related Documentation ............................................................................................................................. xii
Conventions ............................................................................................................................................... xiii
What’s New in Oracle Database 11g ............................................................................................... xv
New Components Available for Installation.........................................................................................
Changes in the Install Options ................................................................................................................
Database Configuration Assistant .........................................................................................................
Database Upgrade Assistant....................................................................................................................
Active Directory Security Enhancements ..............................................................................................
Automatic Storage Management Fast Mirror Resync..........................................................................
Oracle Data Provider for .NET ................................................................................................................
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer ..........................................................................
SYSASM Privilege for Automatic Storage Management Administration ......................................
Automatic Maintenance Tasks Management......................................................................................
Automatic Diagnostic Repository.........................................................................................................
Enhanced Optimal Flexible Architecture.............................................................................................
Oracle Direct Network File System Client...........................................................................................
Windows Vista Support .........................................................................................................................
Deprecated Components in Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1)...................................................
1
xv
xvi
xvii
xix
xx
xxi
xxi
xxiii
xxiii
xxiii
xxiv
xxiv
xxv
xxvi
xxvi
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
Planning Your Installation......................................................................................................................
New Oracle Products Installed with This Release ............................................................................
Oracle Application Express .............................................................................................................
Oracle Warehouse Builder ................................................................................................................
Oracle Configuration Manager ........................................................................................................
Oracle SQL Developer .......................................................................................................................
Oracle Database Vault .......................................................................................................................
Installation Considerations ....................................................................................................................
Installation Differences Between Windows and UNIX Systems.................................................
Recommended File System...............................................................................................................
Managing User Accounts with User Account Control on Windows Vista ...............................
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-4
1-4
1-5
1-5
1-5
iii
Hardware and Software Certification ............................................................................................. 1-6
Third-Party Database Certification for SQL Developer ........................................................ 1-6
Multiple Oracle Home Support ....................................................................................................... 1-7
Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services........................................................................................ 1-7
Using Network Attached Storage or NFS File Systems ............................................................... 1-8
Oracle Universal Installer Overview............................................................................................... 1-8
Oracle Base Directory ........................................................................................................................ 1-9
Oracle Home Directory ..................................................................................................................... 1-9
Contents of the Oracle Home Environment............................................................................ 1-9
Multiple Oracle Home Components ..................................................................................... 1-10
Oracle Database Vault Default Audit Policy and Initialization Parameters .......................... 1-10
Migration Considerations.................................................................................................................... 1-10
Oracle Database Installation Methods.............................................................................................. 1-10
Interactive Installation Methods ................................................................................................... 1-10
Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files ........................................................... 1-11
Oracle Database Installation Types ................................................................................................... 1-12
Database Configuration Options ....................................................................................................... 1-12
Preconfigured Database Types ..................................................................................................... 1-13
Installation Choices that Affect Database Creation.................................................................... 1-13
Creating a Database After Installation......................................................................................... 1-13
Database Storage Options ................................................................................................................... 1-14
File System ...................................................................................................................................... 1-14
Automatic Storage Management .................................................................................................. 1-14
Automatic Storage Management Components ................................................................... 1-15
General Steps for Installing Automatic Storage Management.......................................... 1-16
Database Management Options ......................................................................................................... 1-17
Management Options for Preconfigured Databases.................................................................. 1-18
Management Options for Custom Databases ............................................................................. 1-18
Features Provided by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control .................................... 1-18
Database Backup and Recovery Options.......................................................................................... 1-19
Enabling Automated Backups....................................................................................................... 1-19
Backup Job Default Settings .......................................................................................................... 1-20
E-mail Notification Options................................................................................................................ 1-20
Upgrade Considerations ...................................................................................................................... 1-20
AL24UTFFSS Character Set ........................................................................................................... 1-21
Policies for Client and Application Software Installations ....................................................... 1-21
Downgrading a Database............................................................................................................... 1-21
2
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements ..........................................................................................
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows 32-Bit .........................................................
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows x64 .............................................................
Hard Disk Space Requirements for Windows 32-Bit....................................................................
Hard Disk Space Requirements for Windows x64 ........................................................................
Verifying Hardware Requirements .................................................................................................
Oracle Database Software Requirements............................................................................................
Preinstallation Requirements for Oracle Configuration Manager.................................................
iv
2-1
2-1
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-8
Preinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express....................................................................... 2-8
Browser Requirements ...................................................................................................................... 2-8
Oracle XML DB Requirement........................................................................................................... 2-9
Oracle Text Requirement .................................................................................................................. 2-9
PL/SQL Web Toolkit ......................................................................................................................... 2-9
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support ........................................................................... 2-9
Windows Telnet Services Support................................................................................................... 2-9
Windows Terminal Services and Remote Desktop Support ....................................................... 2-9
Components Supported on Windows XP and Windows Vista (32-Bit).................................. 2-10
Components Supported on Windows x64 ................................................................................. 2-11
Web Browser Support .................................................................................................................... 2-12
Oracle Database Network Topics ....................................................................................................... 2-12
Installing Oracle Database on DHCP Computers ...................................................................... 2-12
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP Addresses ................................. 2-13
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases............................................ 2-13
Installing Oracle Database on Non-Networked Computers .................................................... 2-13
Installing a Loopback Adapter...................................................................................................... 2-14
Checking if a Loopback Adapter Is Installed on Your Computer .................................... 2-15
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 2000 .............................................................. 2-15
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, or Windows
XP ............................................................................................................................................... 2-17
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Vista............................................................. 2-18
Removing a Loopback Adapter ............................................................................................. 2-19
Individual Component Requirements .............................................................................................. 2-19
Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery Files....................................... 2-19
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Data Files ............................................................... 2-20
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database Recovery Files ...................................... 2-20
Configuring Disk Storage ....................................................................................................... 2-20
Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files ................................................... 2-20
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Data Files on a File System ................................................ 2-20
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Recovery Files on a File System ........................................ 2-21
Creating Required Directories ............................................................................................... 2-22
Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management Installation........................ 2-22
General Steps for Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management
Installation ................................................................................................................................ 2-22
Step 1: Identifying Storage Requirements for Automatic Storage Management ........... 2-23
Step 2 (Optional): Using an Existing Automatic Storage Management Disk Group ..... 2-25
Step 3: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Automatic Storage Management
Instance...................................................................................................................................... 2-27
Step 4: Manually Configuring Disks for Automatic Storage Management .................... 2-29
Stopping Existing Oracle Services ................................................................................................ 2-31
Oracle Advanced Security Requirements.................................................................................... 2-31
Oracle Enterprise Manager Requirements .................................................................................. 2-31
Oracle Managed Files Requirements............................................................................................ 2-31
Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC)......................................................................... 2-32
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer .................................................................. 2-32
Recommended System Requirements for SQL Developer ....................................................... 2-32
v
3
Installing Oracle Database
Preinstallation Considerations for Installing Oracle Database ...................................................... 3-1
Installation Consideration on Windows Vista............................................................................... 3-2
Performing Multiple Oracle Database Installations...................................................................... 3-2
Installing onto Systems That Already Have Oracle Components .............................................. 3-2
Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements ........................................................................ 3-3
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines ................................................................ 3-3
Selecting the Database Character Set .............................................................................................. 3-4
Installing the Sample Schemas ......................................................................................................... 3-5
Accessing the Installation Software ..................................................................................................... 3-6
Installing from a Remote DVD Drive.............................................................................................. 3-6
Step 1: On the Remote Computer, Share the DVD Drive ..................................................... 3-6
Step 2: On the Local Computer, Map the DVD Drive ........................................................... 3-6
Installing on Remote Computers Through Remote Access Software ........................................ 3-7
Installing on Remote Computers from a Hard Drive............................................................ 3-7
Installing on Remote Computers from a Remote DVD Drive.............................................. 3-7
Downloading Oracle Software from the Oracle Technology Network Web Site..................... 3-8
Copying the Oracle Database Software to a Hard Disk ............................................................... 3-8
Database Security Options ..................................................................................................................... 3-9
Installing the Oracle Database Software ............................................................................................. 3-9
Installing Automatic Storage Management ..................................................................................... 3-15
Step 1: Reviewing Automatic Storage Management Installation Considerations................. 3-16
Step 2: Creating the Automatic Storage Management Instance and Configuring Disk Groups....
.............................................................................................................................................................. 3-16
Step 3: Installing Oracle Database to Use Automatic Storage Management.......................... 3-18
Step 4: Testing the Automatic Storage Management Installation ............................................ 3-21
Cloning an Oracle Home ..................................................................................................................... 3-21
4
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
Installing the Latest Patch Set Release.................................................................................................
Validating Invalid PL/SQL Modules ....................................................................................................
Configuring Secure Sockets Layer........................................................................................................
Postinstallation Tasks for SQL Developer ..........................................................................................
Migrating User Settings from Release 1.0.......................................................................................
Migrating Information from Previous Releases ............................................................................
Location of User-Related Information ............................................................................................
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express .....................................................................
Restarting Processes...........................................................................................................................
Choosing an HTTP Server ................................................................................................................
About the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway.................................................................................
About Oracle HTTP Server and mod_plsql ............................................................................
About Password Security ..........................................................................................................
Configuring the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway .............................................................................
Configuring the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway in New Installation or When Upgrading
Database .......................................................................................................................................
Disabling and Enabling the Oracle XML DB HTTP Server ..................................................
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server in a New Installation ..............................................................
vi
4-1
4-2
4-2
4-3
4-3
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-5
4-6
4-6
4-6
4-7
4-7
4-8
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server Release 9.0.3 in a New Installation................................ 4-8
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server Distributed with Oracle Database 11g or Oracle
Application Server 10g in a New Installation ...................................................................... 4-11
Copying the Images Directory ...................................................................................................... 4-14
Copying the Images Directory After an Upgrade............................................................... 4-14
Copying the Images Directory in a New Installation ......................................................... 4-15
Enabling Network Services in Oracle Database 11g .................................................................. 4-15
About Running Oracle Application Express in Other Languages........................................... 4-17
Installing a Translated Version of Oracle Application Express ........................................ 4-18
Managing JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES ......................................................................................... 4-18
Viewing the Number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES .......................................................... 4-19
Changing the Number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES........................................................ 4-19
Obfuscating PlsqlDatabasePassword Parameter........................................................................ 4-19
Obfuscating Passwords........................................................................................................... 4-20
Logging In to Oracle Application Express .................................................................................. 4-20
Oracle Application Express User Roles ................................................................................ 4-20
Setting Up Your Local Environment..................................................................................... 4-20
Patching Oracle Application Express 3.0..................................................................................... 4-21
Postinstallation Database Configuration for Oracle Configuration Manager.......................... 4-21
Preparing Pre-9.2 Databases .......................................................................................................... 4-22
Equipping the Database for Configuration Collections ............................................................ 4-22
Additional Step for E-Business Suites.......................................................................................... 4-23
Additional Step for Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control ................................................. 4-23
Configuring Oracle Components....................................................................................................... 4-24
Direct NFS Client ............................................................................................................................ 4-24
Enable Direct NFS Client ........................................................................................................ 4-25
Disable Direct NFS Client ....................................................................................................... 4-26
NFS Buffer Size......................................................................................................................... 4-27
Configuring Oracle Messaging Gateway ................................................................................... 4-27
Configuring Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows ................................................... 4-27
Running Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services from a Different Oracle Home .............. 4-27
Configuring Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor......................................... 4-28
Configuring Oracle Label Security ............................................................................................... 4-28
Configuring Oracle Database Vault ............................................................................................. 4-28
Configuring Oracle Net Services .................................................................................................. 4-28
Installing Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases .................................................................... 4-29
Configuring or Reinstalling Oracle XML DB .............................................................................. 4-29
Configuring PL/SQL External Procedures ................................................................................. 4-29
Configuring Shared Server Support............................................................................................. 4-30
Setting Credentials for the Job System to Work with Enterprise Manager ............................ 4-30
Configuring Oracle Database to Communicate with Automatic Storage Management ...... 4-31
Configuring Databases to Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control ...................... 4-31
Installing Oracle Database Examples ........................................................................................... 4-31
5
Getting Started with Oracle Database
Checking the Installed Oracle Database Contents and Directory Location ................................. 5-1
Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control ....................................................................... 5-2
vii
Understanding Database Control Login Privileges ...................................................................... 5-2
Starting and Stopping an Oracle Database ......................................................................................... 5-3
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control ...... 5-3
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows .... 5-3
Starting and Stopping the Database from the Microsoft Windows Services Utility................ 5-4
Managing Automatic Storage Management ....................................................................................... 5-4
Starting and Stopping Automatic Storage Management ............................................................. 5-4
Automatic Storage Management Utilities ...................................................................................... 5-5
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL*Plus ........................................................................................ 5-5
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL Developer .............................................................................. 5-6
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords........................................................................................... 5-6
Reviewing Administrative Accounts .............................................................................................. 5-7
Unlocking and Changing Passwords .............................................................................................. 5-9
Using SQL*Plus to Unlock and Change Passwords ........................................................... 5-10
Using Enterprise Manager Database Control to Unlock and Change Passwords ......... 5-10
Identifying Databases ......................................................................................................................... 5-11
Locating the Server Parameter File .................................................................................................... 5-11
Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files ............................................................................................ 5-12
Locating Redo Log Files ....................................................................................................................... 5-13
Locating Control Files .......................................................................................................................... 5-14
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows ................................................................ 5-14
6
Removing Oracle Database Software
Uninstalling Oracle Configuration Manager......................................................................................
Removing Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services ........................................................................
Removing Oracle Application Express from the Database..............................................................
Removing All Oracle Database Components .....................................................................................
Stopping Oracle Services...................................................................................................................
Removing Components with Oracle Universal Installer .............................................................
Manually Removing the Remaining Oracle Database Components ..........................................
Removing an Automatic Storage Management Instance......................................................
Updating the System Variable Path .........................................................................................
Removing Oracle from the Start Menu....................................................................................
Removing Oracle Directories ....................................................................................................
A
Installing Java Access Bridge
Overview of Java Access Bridge...........................................................................................................
Setup for JRE 1.5 ......................................................................................................................................
Setup for Oracle Installed Components .............................................................................................
Installing Java Access Bridge...........................................................................................................
Configuring Oracle Components to Use Java Access Bridge .....................................................
B
6-1
6-2
6-2
6-3
6-3
6-4
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-6
6-7
A-1
A-1
A-1
A-2
A-2
Optimal Flexible Architecture
Overview of the Optimal Flexible Architecture Standard .............................................................. B-1
Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database 11g ...................................... B-2
Directory Tree Differences by Release................................................................................................ B-2
viii
Top-Level Oracle Directory .............................................................................................................
Database File Names.........................................................................................................................
Database File Name Extensions ......................................................................................................
Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions....................................................
ORACLE_BASE Directory ..............................................................................................................
ORACLE_HOME Directory ............................................................................................................
ADMIN Directory .............................................................................................................................
ORADATA Directory .......................................................................................................................
FLASH_RECOVERY_AREA Directory..........................................................................................
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations ...............................
Specifying an ORACLE_HOME Directory....................................................................................
Installing a Default Optimal Flexible Architecture Database: Example ...................................
Installing a Nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture Database: Example 2 .........................
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX ..........................
Directory Naming .............................................................................................................................
ORACLE_BASE Directory ..............................................................................................................
Support for Symbolic Links on Windows .....................................................................................
C
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
How Response Files Work.....................................................................................................................
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Noninteractive Mode............................................................
General Procedure for Using Response Files ................................................................................
Preparing a Response File .....................................................................................................................
Editing a Response File Template ..................................................................................................
Recording a Response File ...............................................................................................................
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File .......................................................
Running Net Configuration Assistant Using a Response File.......................................................
Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response File................................
D
C-1
C-2
C-2
C-3
C-3
C-4
C-5
C-6
C-7
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages...............................................
Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages .............................................
Determining the Operating System Locale ............................................................................
Configuring Locale and Character Sets with the NLS_LANG Environment Variable ...
NLS_LANG Settings in Console Mode and Batch Mode.....................................................
Installing Translation Resources .....................................................................................................
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages .........................................................
E
B-2
B-2
B-2
B-3
B-3
B-3
B-3
B-4
B-4
B-4
B-4
B-5
B-5
B-6
B-6
B-6
B-7
D-1
D-1
D-1
D-2
D-4
D-5
D-6
Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers
About Managing Ports ...........................................................................................................................
Viewing Port Numbers and Access URLS..........................................................................................
Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components .......................................................................
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Management Agent Port..............................................................
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console Ports ..............................................
Changing the Oracle Ultra Search Ports .............................................................................................
Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports....................................................................................................
E-1
E-1
E-2
E-3
E-3
E-4
E-4
ix
F
Troubleshooting the Oracle Database Installation
Verifying Requirements.........................................................................................................................
Encountering Installation Errors ..........................................................................................................
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session ...................................................................................
Silent or Noninteractive Installation Response File Error Handling ...........................................
Troubleshooting Host Name Changes and CSS................................................................................
Troubleshooting Oracle Configuration Manager .............................................................................
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants ........................................................................................
Configuration Assistant Failures ....................................................................................................
Fatal Errors .........................................................................................................................................
Troubleshooting Inventory Issues .......................................................................................................
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation..............................................................................................
Images Displaying Incorrectly in Oracle Application Express ......................................................
Online Help Not Working .....................................................................................................................
G
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client ....................................................................
Installing Oracle Database Tools .........................................................................................................
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications .....................................................................
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)...............................
H
F-1
F-1
F-2
F-2
F-3
F-3
F-5
F-6
F-6
F-6
F-6
F-7
F-7
G-1
G-3
G-7
G-8
Country Codes
Valid Country Codes............................................................................................................................... H-1
Glossary
Index
x
Preface
This guide provides instructions about installing and configuring Oracle Database for
both Microsoft Windows (32-Bit) and Microsoft Windows (x64). Only the features of
Oracle Database for Microsoft Windows (32-Bit) and Microsoft Windows (x64)
software installed on Windows Server 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server
2003 R2, Windows XP Professional, and Windows Vista are discussed in this guide.
This preface contains these topics:
■
Audience
■
Documentation Accessibility
■
Related Documentation
■
Conventions
Audience
Oracle Database Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows is intended for anyone installing
Oracle Database on a single computer. Additional installation guides for Oracle Real
Application Clusters, Oracle Clusterware, Oracle Database Examples, and Oracle
Enterprise Manager Grid Control are available on the relevant installation media.
To use this document, you need the following:
■
■
■
A supported Microsoft Windows operating system installed and tested on your
computer system
Administrative privileges on the computer where you are installing the Oracle
Database software
Familiarity with object-relational database management concepts
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows
(32-Bit) to install Oracle Database using the default settings
Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows (x64)
to install Oracle Database using the default settings
Documentation Accessibility
For information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the Oracle
Accessibility Program website at
http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=docacc.
xi
Access to Oracle Support
Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For
information, visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=info or
visit http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&id=trs if you are hearing
impaired.
Related Documentation
For more information, see these Oracle resources:
■
Oracle Database Release Notes for Microsoft Windows
■
Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows
■
Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide
■
Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows
■
Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows
■
Oracle Database Storage Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic Configuration
■
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
■
Oracle Database Upgrade Guide
■
Oracle Database Concepts
■
Oracle Database 2 Day DBA
For information about Oracle error messages, see Oracle Database Error Messages.
Oracle error message documentation is available only in HTML. If you only have
access to the Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Online Documentation Library, you
can browse the error messages by range. Once you find the specific range, use your
browser's "find in page" feature to locate the specific message. When connected to the
Internet, you can search for a specific error message using the error message search
feature of the Oracle online documentation.
Many books in the documentation set use the sample schemas of the seed database,
which is installed by default when you install Oracle. For information on how these
schemas were created and how you can use them yourself, see Oracle Database Sample
Schemas.
Printed documentation is available for sale in the Oracle Store at
http://oraclestore.oracle.com/
To download free release notes, installation documentation, white papers, or other
collateral, please visit the Oracle Technology Network (OTN). You must register
online before using OTN; registration is free and can be done at
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/community/join/overview/index.html
If you already have a user name and password for OTN, then you can go directly to
the documentation section of the OTN Web site at
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
xii
Conventions
The following text conventions are used in this document:
Convention
Meaning
boldface
Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associated
with an action, or terms defined in text or the glossary.
italic
Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables for
which you supply particular values.
monospace
Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, code
in examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.
xiii
xiv
What’s New in Oracle Database 11g
The following is a list of new features or enhancements provided with Oracle Database
11g:
■
New Components Available for Installation
■
Changes in the Install Options
■
Database Configuration Assistant
■
Database Upgrade Assistant
■
Active Directory Security Enhancements
■
Automatic Storage Management Fast Mirror Resync
■
Oracle Data Provider for .NET
■
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer
■
SYSASM Privilege for Automatic Storage Management Administration
■
Automatic Maintenance Tasks Management
■
Automatic Diagnostic Repository
■
Enhanced Optimal Flexible Architecture
■
Oracle Direct Network File System Client
■
Windows Vista Support
■
Deprecated Components in Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1)
New Components Available for Installation
The following are the new components available while installing Oracle Database 11g:
■
■
■
Oracle Application Express: This feature is installed with Oracle Database 11g. It
was previously named HTML DB, and was available as a separate Companion CD
component. Oracle Application Express is now installed by default with any
Oracle Database 11g installation.
Oracle Configuration Manager: This feature is offered during installation. It was
previously named Customer Configuration repository (CCR). It is an optional
component for database installation and can be installed with any Oracle Database
11g installation. Oracle Configuration Manager gathers and stores details relating
to the configuration of the software stored in database Oracle home directories.
Oracle Database Vault: This feature is installed with Oracle Database 11g. It is an
optional component for database installation.
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■
■
■
Oracle Real Application Testing: This feature is installed by default with the
Enterprise Edition installation type of Oracle Database 11g.
Oracle SQL Developer: This feature is installed by default with template-based
database installations, such as General Purpose/Transaction Processing, and Data
Warehousing. It is also installed with database client Administrator, Runtime, and
Custom installations.
Oracle Warehouse Builder: This feature is installed with Oracle Database 11g.
With Standard Edition and Enterprise Edition of Oracle
Database 11g Release 1, Oracle Warehouse Builder with basic features
is installed. However, with Enterprise Edition, you can purchase
options that extend Oracle Warehouse Builder.
Note:
See Also:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
The following sections and guides for more information:
Chapter 2, "Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements" for
information about the preinstallation requirements
Oracle Database Application Express User's Guide for more
information about Oracle Application Express
The "Preinstallation Requirements for Oracle Configuration
Manager" section on page 2-8 for more information
Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide for more information
about Oracle Database Vault
Oracle Database Performance Tuning Guide for more information
about Oracle Real Application Testing
Oracle Database SQL Developer User's Guide for more information
about Oracle SQL Developer
Oracle Warehouse Builder User's Guide for more information about
Oracle Warehouse Builder
Changes in the Install Options
The following are install option changes for Oracle Database 11g:
■
■
■
Oracle Configuration Manager: Oracle Configuration Manager is integrated with
Oracle Universal Installer. However, it is an optional component for database
installation and can be installed with any Oracle Database 11g installation.
Oracle Data Mining: Enterprise Edition installation type selects Oracle Database
Mining option by default. In Oracle Database 11g, the Data Mining metadata is
created with SYS metadata when you select the Create Database option.
Oracle Database Vault: Oracle Database Vault is integrated with Oracle Universal
Installer. However, it is an optional component with database installation. To
install this product, you have to select the Custom Installation.
To install Oracle Database Vault with Enterprise Edition, complete the Enterprise
Edition installation and then perform a custom installation. Select Oracle Label
Security and Oracle Database Vault, and install these products on the same
Enterprise Edition database.
xvi
■
Oracle HTTP Server: Starting with Oracle Database 11g, Oracle HTTP Server is
available on a separate media shipped with Oracle Database. In the previous
releases, this product was available as a Companion CD component.
To install Oracle HTTP Server, use the Oracle Fusion
Middleware Web Tier Utilities 11g (11.1.1.2.0) media or download.
Note:
■
■
Oracle Ultra Search: Starting with Oracle Database 11g, Oracle Ultra Search is
integrated with Oracle Database. In the previous releases, this product was
available as a Companion CD component.
Oracle XML DB: Starting with Oracle Database 11g, Oracle XML DB is no longer
an optional feature. Database Configuration Assistant installs and configures it for
all database installations.
See Also:
■
■
■
■
■
■
The following sections and guides for more information:
Chapter 2, "Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements" section
on page 2-1 for more information
Oracle Database SQL Language Reference for more information
about Oracle Database Mining
Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide for more information
about Oracle Database Vault
Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle HTTP
Server for more information about Oracle HTTP Server
Oracle Ultra Search Administrator's Guide for more information
about Oracle Ultra Search
Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide for more information about
Oracle XML DB
Database Configuration Assistant
The following additions and enhancements are made to Database Configuration
Assistant:
■
Added Support to Configure New Database Options
■
Automatic Memory Management
■
Oracle Base and Diagnostic Destination Configuration
■
Oracle Data Mining
■
Secure Database Configuration
■
Switching a Database from Database Control to Grid Control Configuration
Added Support to Configure New Database Options
The following options in Oracle Database 11g can be configured using Database
Configuration Assistant:
■
Oracle Application Express
■
Oracle Database Vault
■
Oracle Warehouse Builder
xvii
Automatic Memory Management
This is a new initialization parameter in Oracle Database 11g to automate the memory
allocation. By default, Database Configuration Assistant now uses MEMORY_TARGET
instead of specifying individual values for SGA_TARGET and PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET.
The Memory management page of Database Configuration Assistant has a new option
to select automatic memory management.
See Also: The "Using Automatic Memory Management" section of
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
Oracle Base and Diagnostic Destination Configuration
The directory that you specify when you are prompted for ORACLE_BASE by Oracle
Universal Installer is stored in the Oracle home inventory. Database Configuration
Assistant uses this value to derive the default database locations and the DIAGNOSTIC_
DEST parameter. The diagnostic destination location contains all Automatic Diagnostic
Repository directories (diagnostic files such as Alert logs and so on). Starting with
Oracle Database Release 11g, the initialization parameter settings for background
dump, user dump, and core dump destinations are replaced by the Diagnostic
Destination.
Appendix B, "Optimal Flexible Architecture" for more
information on Oracle base and diagnostic destination configuration
See Also:
Oracle Data Mining
In Oracle Database 11g, Data Mining metadata is created with the SYS metadata. It is
created by the catproc.sql and other scripts that are run as the SYS user. You no
longer configure the Data Mining option through the Database Features screen of
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant.
See Also: Oracle Data Mining Concepts for more information about
Oracle Data Mining
Secure Database Configuration
Oracle Database 11g has new defaults for audit and password profiles. Database
Configuration Assistant has a new screen to enable the new security settings during
the database creation and existing database configuration.
If you install Oracle Database Vault when installing Oracle Database 11g, the database
security settings are enabled by default.
The "Database Security Options" section on page 3-9 for
more information
See Also:
Switching a Database from Database Control to Grid Control Configuration
In previous releases, Database Configuration Assistant contains the functionality to
configure a database either with Database Control, or with Grid Control. You can
configure a database either while creating it or later. However, reconfiguring a
database from Database Control to Grid Control requires significant manual effort.
With Oracle Database 11g, Database Configuration Assistant provides the Enterprise
Manager Configuration plug-in, which automates the process to switch configuration
of a database from Database Control to Grid Control.
See Also: Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for
Microsoft Windows for more information about configuring Grid
Control
xviii
Database Upgrade Assistant
The following additions and enhancements are made to Database Configuration
Assistant:
■
Command Line Option to Auto Extend System Files
■
Express Edition Upgrade
■
Integration with Oracle Database 11g Pre-upgrade Tool
■
Moving Data Files into ASM, SAN, and Other File Systems
■
Oracle Base and Diagnostic Destination Configuration
Command Line Option to Auto Extend System Files
The command line option AUTOEXTEND facilitates auto extending of the data files as a
part of the upgrade. This option automatically extends the data files during the
upgrade and turns the autoextend back to its original settings after the upgrade. This
option is useful if there is enough space on the disk, and if you do not need to add new
data files or manually increase the size of the files.
See Also: The "Altering a Bigfile Tablespace" section in Oracle
Database Administrator's Guide for more information about the
AUTOEXTEND clause
Express Edition Upgrade
For single-instance databases, Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant configuration utility
enables you to upgrade from Oracle Database Express Edition (Oracle Database XE) to
Oracle Database 11g. The XE database files reside under the path ORACLE_
BASE\oradata\XE. These files must be copied to a new location as the user may remove
the XE Home after upgrade.
Integration with Oracle Database 11g Pre-upgrade Tool
Database Upgrade Assistant uses the new pre-upgrade script for Oracle Database 11g.
This script is used to estimate disk space, initialization parameters, statistics gathering,
and providing feedback on possible problem areas.
Moving Data Files into ASM, SAN, and Other File Systems
You can move data files to ASM, OFS, or other storage devices, such as Storage Area
Networks (SAN) and Network Area Storage (NAS), as part of the upgrade. If you
move the database files during the upgrade, you can benefit from the typical
downtime for this tablespace by rebalancing disks and moving files to a better storage
device, such as SAN, NAS, or ASM.
The "Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage
Management Installation" on page 2-22 for more information about
preparing disk groups for Automatic Storage Management
See Also:
Oracle Base and Diagnostic Destination Configuration
The directory that you specify when you are prompted for ORACLE_BASE by Oracle
Universal Installer is stored in the Oracle home inventory. Database Upgrade
Assistant uses this value to derive the default database locations and the DIAGNOSTIC_
DEST parameter. The diagnostic destination location contains all ADR directories
(diagnostic files, such as the alert logs, trace files, and so on). This diagnostic
destination directory is required while upgrading an earlier Oracle Database release to
xix
Oracle Database 11g release of the database. If the Oracle base directory already exists,
Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant automatically retrieves this information and
populates its path. Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 1, the initialization
parameter settings for background dump (BACKGROUND_DUMP_DEST), user dump (USER_
DUMP_DEST), and core dump (CORE_DUMP_DEST) destinations are replaced by the
Diagnostic Destination (DIAGNOSTIC_DEST).
Appendix B, "Optimal Flexible Architecture" for more
information about Oracle base and diagnostic destination
configuration
See Also:
Active Directory Security Enhancements
In Oracle Database 11g Release 1, you have the option to secure the Net Services data
in the Active Directory. This data is generally considered to be public, but sites with
greater security needs may need to protect it. You can make the Net Services data
read-protected, and allow only specified users to access the data. To enable
meaningful access control, the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) naming
adapter for 11g can be configured to the require clients to authenticate to the directory
during name lookup.
If you are considering implementing the authenticated Lightweight Directory Access
Protocol (LDAP) name lookup in the site, then you should be aware that clients of the
earlier releases cannot access Net Services, because these clients are only capable of
using anonymous binds for directory name lookup.
The following are the enhancements made to secure the directory:
■
Read-Access Control on Net Services
■
Authenticated Bind for LDAP Naming
Read-Access Control on Net Services
Directory administrators may want to eliminate anonymous access to the Active
Directory, and (or) define specific groups of people who are allowed to read Net
Service data during name lookup.
At present, there are no pre-defined groups or procedures in Oracle configuration
tools for defining read-access restrictions on this data. Therefore, administrators need
to use standard object management tools from their directory system to manually
create any necessary groups and access control lists (ACLs).
Because the access definitions for objects are complex and may involve security
properties, which are inherited from parent nodes in the Directory Information Tree
(DIT), Oracle recommends that administrators refer to the relevant tools and
documentation for the directory system they are using, and formulate or integrate
access management for Net Service objects into a directory-wide policy and security
implementation.
The dsacls.exe command line tool displays and changes permissions, access control
entries, in the access control list (ACL) of objects in Active Directory. The dsacls
command-line tool is included in Support Tools on the Oracle Database 11g product
media.
Additionally, you can use ADSI EDIT. This GUI tool is a Microsoft Management
Console (MMC) snap-in that acts as a low-level editor for Active Directory. Network
administrators can use Active Directory Service Interfaces (ADSI) for common
administrative tasks, such as adding, deleting, and moving objects with a directory
xx
service. Attributes for each object viewed can be changed or deleted. ADSI EDIT can be
installed from Support Tools on product media.
Authenticated Bind for LDAP Naming
Oracle Database clients 10g or earlier cannot access Net Services and you need to
install Oracle Database client 11g or later for the authentic binds. Windows clients,
which use Active Directory, can be configured for authenticated binds during LDAP
name lookup by adding the following parameters to their sqlnet.ora:
names.ldap_authenticate_bind= 1
The client's identity is derived from the Windows operating system and used during
the directory bind to authenticate.
See Also: Oracle Database Enterprise User Security Administrator's
Guide for more information about Active Directory security
Automatic Storage Management Fast Mirror Resync
Automatic Storage Management fast mirror resync quickly resynchronizes Automatic
Storage Management disks within a disk group after transient disk path failures, as
long as the disk drive media is not corrupted. Any failures that render a failure group
temporarily unavailable are considered transient failures. Disk path malfunctions,
such as cable disconnections, host bus adapter or controller failures, or disk power
supply interruptions, can cause transient failures. The duration of a fast mirror resync
depends on the duration of the outage. The duration of a resynchronization is
typically much shorter than the amount of time required to completely rebuild an
entire Automatic Storage Management disk group.
See Also: The "Automatic Storage Management Fast Mirror Resync"
section in Oracle Database Storage Administrator's Guide for more
information about ASM fast mirror resync
Oracle Data Provider for .NET
The following enhancements have been made to Oracle Data Provider for .NET after
Oracle Database 10g release 2 (10.2):
■
Performance Enhancements for Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1)
The following performance enhancements have been made:
–
ODP.NET Configuration
Developers can configure ODP.NET using configuration files, including the
application config, web.config, or machine.config files. Settings in the
machine.config file override the registry settings. The settings in the
application config or the web.config file override the values in the
machine.config.
–
Improved Parameter Context Caching
This release enhances the existing caching infrastructure to cache ODP.NET
parameter contexts. This enhancement is independent of database version and
it is available for all the supported database versions. This feature provides
significant performance improvement for the applications that execute the
same statement repeatedly.
xxi
This enhancement is transparent to the developer. No code changes are
needed to use this feature.
–
Efficient LOB Retrieval With SecureFiles
This release improves the performance of small-sized LOB retrieval by
reducing the number of round-trips to the database. This enhancement is
available only with Oracle 11g Release 1.0 or later database versions.
This enhancement is transparent to the developer. No code changes are
needed to use this feature.
■
The following enhancements have been made to 10.2.0.3:
–
Starting 10.2.0.3, ODP.NET natively supports the 64-bit .NET Framework for
the following 64-bit Windows platforms:
*
Windows x64 for AMD64 and Intel EM64T processors
*
64-bit Windows for Intel Itanium
64-bit systems enables more scalable and better performing ODP.NET
applications.
■
–
Configuring FetchSize through the Windows registry is added to ODP.NET
10.2.0.3. This feature enables applications to specify the default result set fetch
size through the registry.
–
Local Transaction Support for System.Transactions feature is added to
ODP.NET 10.2.0.3. This feature enables System.Transactions to use local
transactions rather than distributed transactions. This can be specified either
through the registry or through a connection string attribute.
Support for Microsoft ADO.NET 2.0 is added to ODP.NET release 10.2.0.2 and
includes the following:
–
Provider Factory Classes and Base Classes
Simplifies data access code to access multiple data sources with a provider
generic API.
–
Connection String Builder
Makes creating connections strings less error-prone and easier to manage.
–
Data Source Enumerator
Enables the application to generically obtain a collection of the Oracle data
sources that the application can connect to.
–
Support for Schema Discovery
Permits application developers to find and return database schema
information, such as tables, columns, and stored procedures.
–
System.Transactions Support
ODP.NET supports implicit and explicit transactions using the
System.Transactions namespace models.
–
Batch Processing Support
Enables batch processing when the OracleDataAdapter.Update method is
called.
See Also: Oracle Data Provider for .NET Developer's Guide for more
information about Oracle Data Provider for .NET
xxii
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer
Volume Shadow Copy Service is an infrastructure on Windows 2003 platforms that
enables the users to create snapshots called shadow copies. The infrastructure consists
of the following components that participate in the creation of snapshots using COM
interfaces:
■
■
■
Requestors: These are the backup applications that initiate snapshot or restore
operations, and coordinate these operations with the writers and providers.
Writers: These are the Windows applications, such as Oracle Database, whose data
composes the snapshot. Typically, writers ensure that their data is in a consistent
state prior to the snapshot.
Providers: These are the software or hardware providers, which perform the
physical creation of the snapshots to disk. Providers can be software-based, such
as a generic Windows filesystem provider, or hardware-based, which are
specialized for a particular storage system.
The interoperability of Oracle Database as a writer with Volume Shadow Copy Service
infrastructure enables frequent snapshots of the database files and their restoration
with a choice of backup applications and storage systems.
When you install Oracle database 11g Release 1, Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service
Writer is installed automatically. You can also install the writer to use with the earlier
releases of Oracle Database from the Oracle Database 11g Release 1 installation media.
See Also: The following for more information about Oracle Volume
Shadow Copy Service:
■
■
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide
Chapter 8, "Performing Database Backup and Recovery with VSS"
of Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
https://support.oracle.com for more information about using
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer with earlier
releases on Oracle Database
SYSASM Privilege for Automatic Storage Management Administration
Oracle Database 11g introduces an optional system privilege, SYSASM, to secure
privileges to perform Automatic Storage Management administration tasks. Oracle
recommends that you use SYSASM instead of SYSDBA for Automatic Storage
Management administration, to separate Automatic Storage Management
administration from database administration. In a future release, Oracle may restrict
access to Automatic Storage Management only to operating system users that are
members of the OSASM operating system group, and require the use of SYSASM to
administer Automatic Storage Management.
See Also: The "Authentication for Accessing ASM Instances" section
in Oracle Database Storage Administrator's Guide for more information
about SYSASM privilege for Automatic Storage Management
Automatic Maintenance Tasks Management
This feature provides out-of-the-box management of scheduling and resource
allocation, such as CPU time, among the various database maintenance tasks, such as
Automatic Optimizer Statistics Collection and Automatic Segment Advisor.
xxiii
Maintenance tasks are regulated to the extent that end-user activity gets the necessary
resources to finish its work.
See Also: Chapter 24, "Managing Automated Database Maintenance
Tasks" of Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information
about Automatic Maintenance task management
Automatic Diagnostic Repository
The Automatic Diagnostic Repository is a feature added to Oracle Database 11g. It is a
new system managed repository for storing and organizing trace files and other error
diagnostic data. The Automatic Diagnostic Repository provides a comprehensive view
of the critical errors encountered by the database. This feature also enables you to
maintain the relevant data needed for problem diagnostics and their eventual
resolution. The Automatic Diagnostic Repository reduces the time to resolve errors
and code defects. The repository is stored as a directory structure under the ADR base
directory that contains the diag directory. The default location of the ADR base
directory is set by DIAGNOSTIC_DEST. If the ORACLE_BASE variable is set, then the
default value of DIAGNOSTIC_DEST is equal to the value of the ORACLE_BASE variable. If
the value of the ORACLE_BASE variable is not set, then the default value of DIAGNOSTIC_
DEST is set to ORACLE_HOME\log. However, this location can be changed by using the
DIAGNOSTIC_DEST parameter of the init.ora.
See Also: The "Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR)" section in
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information about the
Automatic Diagnostic Repository
Enhanced Optimal Flexible Architecture
The following enhancements are made to the Optimal Flexible Architecture in Oracle
Database 11g:
■
Oracle Base and Oracle Home
■
Flash Recovery Area and Data File Location
Oracle Base and Oracle Home
In Oracle Database 11g, Oracle Universal Installer prompts you to specify the Oracle
base. You can share this Oracle base across all of the Oracle homes you create on the
system. Oracle recommends that you share an Oracle base for all of the Oracle homes
created by the same user.
Oracle Universal Installer has a list box where you can edit or select the Oracle base.
The installer derives the default Oracle home from the Oracle base location you
provide in the list box. However, you can change the default Oracle home by editing
the location.
Oracle recommends that you create the flash recovery area and data file location under
Oracle base in Oracle Database 11g to make it Optimal Flexible Architecture
compliant.
See Also: Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows
for more information about Oracle Clusterware home
xxiv
Flash Recovery Area and Data File Location
In Oracle Database 10g, the default locations for the flash recovery area and data files
are one level above the Oracle home directory. However, in Oracle database 11g,
Oracle base is the starting point to set the default locations for flash recovery and data
files. However, Oracle recommends that you keep the flash recovery area and data file
location on separate disks. To mount the disks you can use the following mount points
for flash recovery area and data file location respectively:
ORACLE_BASE\flash_recovery_area
ORACLE_BASE\oradata
To mount a disk under ORACLE_BASE\flash_recovery_area
and ORACLE_BASE\oradata, you need to format the partition using
NTFS. FAT32 file partitions do not allow arbitrary mount points like
this. To assign a flash recovery area and data file locations on FAT32
file partitions, you can use one of the following:
Note:
■
■
Use ORACLE_BASE\flash_recovery_area and ORACLE_
BASE\oradata directories for flash recovery and data file location.
However, in this case, both the locations are in the same disk.
Use separate disks for flash recovery area and data files. In this
case, these disks should be mounted elsewhere, either as separate
drive letters or under a directory of an NTFS partition that does
not contain ORACLE_BASE.
Oracle recommends you use separate disks for oradata, flash recovery, and the Oracle
home.
If you install Oracle RAC, you must share flash recovery area and data file location
among all the nodes.
Appendix B, "Optimal Flexible Architecture" for more
information about Optimal Flexible Architecture
See Also:
Oracle Direct Network File System Client
This feature is implemented as a Direct Network File System (NFS) client as a part of
Oracle Kernel in Oracle Disk Manager library. NAS-based storage systems use NFS to
access data. In Oracle Database 10g, NAS storage devices are accessed using the
operating system provided kernel NFS driver, which require specific configuration
settings to ensure its efficient and correct usage with Oracle. The following are the
major problems that arise in correctly specifying configuration parameters:
■
■
■
■
NFS clients are very inconsistent across platforms and vary across operating
system releases.
The configuration parameters are difficult to tune. There are more than 20 NFS
parameters and they have subtle differences across platforms.
NFS client stack is designed for general purpose. Therefore, it contains features
like file attribute management that are not required for Oracle.
Oracle Direct NFS implements NFS version 3 protocol within the Oracle kernel.
The following are the main advantages of implementing Oracle Direct NFS client
functionality in Oracle kernel:
xxv
■
■
■
■
It enables complete control over input-output paths to network file servers,
resulting in predictable performance, simplified configuration management, and
superior diagnostics.
Its operations avoid the kernel NFS layer bottlenecks and resource limitations.
However, the kernel is still used for network communication modules.
It provides a common NFS interface for Oracle for potential use on all host
platforms and supported NFS servers.
It enables improved performance through load balancing across multiple
connections to NFS servers and deep pipelines of asynchronous input-output
operations with improved concurrency.
See Also: Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows
for more information about Network File System
Windows Vista Support
This release is supported on Windows Vista.
See Also: The following sections for more information about
Windows Vista requirements and components supported on it:
■
"Oracle Database Hardware Requirements" on page 2-1
■
"Oracle Database Software Requirements" on page 2-5
■
■
"Managing User Accounts with User Account Control on
Windows Vista" on page 1-5
"Components Supported on Windows XP and Windows Vista
(32-Bit)" on page 2-10
Deprecated Components in Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1)
The following is a list of components that were part of Oracle Database 10g release 2
(10.2), and are not available for installation with Oracle Database 11g:
■
iSQL*Plus
■
Oracle Workflow
■
Oracle Data Mining Scoring Engine
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Java console
■
xxvi
SQLPlusW.exe - Graphical Interface is deprecated. The command-line tool still
exists.
1
1
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
This chapter describes the different installation types of Oracle Database and issues to
consider before you install Oracle Database:
■
Planning Your Installation
■
New Oracle Products Installed with This Release
■
Installation Considerations
■
Migration Considerations
■
Oracle Database Installation Methods
■
Oracle Database Installation Types
■
Database Configuration Options
■
Database Storage Options
■
Database Management Options
■
Database Backup and Recovery Options
■
E-mail Notification Options
■
Upgrade Considerations
Planning Your Installation
The Oracle Database installation process consists of six steps:
1.
Read the release notes: Read the Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) release
notes before you begin the installation. The release notes are available with the
platform-specific documentation. The latest version of the release notes is
available on Oracle Technology Network at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/index.html
2.
Review the licensing information: Although the installation media in your media
pack contain many Oracle components, you are permitted to use only those
components for which you have purchased licenses.
Oracle Support Services does not provide support for components for which
licenses have not been purchased.
See Also:
3.
Oracle Database Licensing Information
Plan the installation: This overview chapter describes the Oracle products that
you can install and issues that you must consider before starting the installation.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-1
New Oracle Products Installed with This Release
You also may want to see Appendix G, which covers frequently asked questions
about installing Oracle Database components, such as how to install Oracle
Database if your site uses Oracle applications or if you need multiple Oracle
Database client connections.
If you plan to perform multiple installations, see Appendix C for information
about silent or noninteractive installations using response files, and cloning the
Oracle home.
Oracle Database Client is installed separately. You cannot install Oracle Database
Client during an Oracle Database installation.
Note: If you perform a Custom installation, then ensure that you
install only the components covered by your license. You can not
install Standard Edition using Custom installation.
4.
Complete preinstallation tasks: Chapter 2 describes tasks that you must complete
before installing Oracle Database.
5.
Install the software: Use the following sections to install Oracle Database:
■
■
■
■
■
Chapter 3 describes how to use Oracle Universal Installer to install Oracle
Database and Automatic Storage Management, as well as how to clone an
Oracle home.
Appendix C describes how to perform silent or noninteractive installations
using response files, which you may want to use if you need to perform
multiple installations of Oracle Database.
Appendix D describes how to install and use Oracle components in different
languages.
Appendix F provides troubleshooting advice in case you encounter problems
with the installation.
Chapter 6 describes how to remove Oracle Database software.
6.
Complete postinstallation tasks: Chapter 4 describes postinstallation tasks.
7.
Get started using Oracle Database: Use the following sections to get started using
Oracle Database:
■
■
■
Chapter 5 describes how to check the contents of the installed Oracle
Database, how to start the database and various other Oracle tools, and how to
locate various files.
"Cloning an Oracle Home" on page 3-21 describes how you can clone an
existing Oracle Database home.
Appendix B on the Optimal Flexible Architecture, which is a set of guidelines
that ensure reliable Oracle installations that require little maintenance.
■
Appendix D describes globalization support information.
■
Appendix E explains how to manage Oracle Database port numbers.
New Oracle Products Installed with This Release
The following products are new for Oracle Database 11g Release 1 and installed by
default during a database installation:
■
Oracle Application Express
1-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
New Oracle Products Installed with This Release
■
Oracle Warehouse Builder
■
Oracle Configuration Manager
■
Oracle SQL Developer
■
Oracle Database Vault
Oracle Application Express
Oracle Application Express is a tool for rapid development and deployment of Web
applications on an Oracle Database installation. It provides the productivity benefits of
a desktop database, the security, reliability, and performance of Oracle Database. With
little programming or scripting and only a Web browser, you can build reporting and
data entry applications on existing tables, views, or data imported from spreadsheets.
Oracle Warehouse Builder
Oracle Warehouse Builder is the only enterprise business intelligence integration
design tool that manages the full life-cycle of data and metadata for the Oracle
Database. It provides an easy to use graphical environment to rapidly design, deploy,
and manage business intelligence systems.
With the Standard and Enterprise Editions of Oracle Database, you can use Oracle
Warehouse Builder which enables you to integrate and transform data into high
quality information. When you install the Standard Edition or Enterprise Edition of
Oracle Database 11g, that installation provides you with components necessary for
Oracle Warehouse Builder, including an unpopulated schema, OWB_SYS. Unlock the
OWB_SYS schema and install the Oracle Warehouse Builder software on a client
computer, as described in Oracle Warehouse Builder Installation and Configuration Guide.
Oracle Configuration Manager
Oracle Configuration Manager is a utility that can be optionally configured when
installing the Oracle Database. Oracle Configuration Manager is used to collect client
configuration information and upload it to the Oracle repository. This information is
uploaded to My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site, where Global
Customer Support can retrieve the information to examine the customer Oracle Home
and system setup. When the client configuration data is uploaded on a regular basis,
customer support representatives can analyze this data and provide better service to
the customers. For example, when a customer logs a service request, they can associate
the configuration data directly with that service request. The customer support
representative can then view the list of systems associated with the customer and solve
problems accordingly.
Some of the benefits of using Oracle Configuration Manager are as follows:
■
Reduces time for resolution of support issues
■
Provides pro-active problem avoidance
■
Improves access to best practices and the Oracle knowledge base
■
Improves understanding of customer’s business needs and provides consistent
responses and services
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-3
Installation Considerations
Oracle SQL Developer
Oracle SQL Developer is a graphical version of SQL*Plus that gives database
developers a convenient way to perform basic tasks. Following are the functions you
can perform with Oracle SQL Developer:
■
Browse, create, edit, and delete (drop) database objects
■
Run SQL statements and scripts
■
Create, edit, compile, and debug PL/SQL code
■
Create, edit, and update data
■
Import data, export data, and Data Definition Language (DDL)
■
View and create reports
■
View metadata and data of Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, and MySQL
databases
Oracle Database Vault
Oracle Database Vault enables you to secure business data in ways that were not
possible before. Database Vault uses a multifactored and multilayered approach to
implementing database security. Before you plan the upgrade process, become
familiar with the features of Oracle Database Vault. The Oracle Database Vault
Administrator's Guide discusses the basic features of Oracle Database Vault. This
product is installed with Enterprise Edition only. You need to do an Advanced install
with Enterprise Edition.
You cannot remove or uninstall the Database Vault option.
However, you can disable Oracle Database Vault. See Oracle Database
Vault Administrator's Guide for more details.
Note:
See Also:
■
■
"Disable Oracle Database Vault" and "Enable Oracle Database
Vault" in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for more information on
Oracle Database Vault upgrades
"Downgrade the Database" and "Enabling Oracle Database Vault"
in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide for more information on Oracle
Database Vault downgrades
Installation Considerations
This section contains information that you should consider before deciding how to
install this product. It contains the following sections:
■
Installation Differences Between Windows and UNIX Systems
■
Recommended File System
■
Managing User Accounts with User Account Control on Windows Vista
■
Hardware and Software Certification
■
Multiple Oracle Home Support
■
Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
1-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installation Considerations
■
Using Network Attached Storage or NFS File Systems
■
Oracle Universal Installer Overview
■
Oracle Base Directory
■
Oracle Home Directory
Installation Differences Between Windows and UNIX Systems
If you are experienced with installing Oracle components in UNIX environments, note
that many manual setup tasks required on UNIX are not required on Windows. The
key differences between UNIX and Windows installations are:
■
Startup and shutdown services
With Windows, Oracle Universal Installer creates and sets startup and shutdown
services at installation time. With UNIX systems, administrators are responsible
for creating these services.
■
Environment variables
With Windows, Oracle Universal Installer sets environment variables such as
PATH, ORACLE_BASE, ORACLE_HOME, and ORACLE_SID in the registry. In UNIX
systems, you must manually set these environment variables.
If you have more than one Oracle home installed, then only the SID of the last
Oracle home is set in the registry. See Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's
Guide for more information about managing Oracle homes.
■
DBA account for database administrators
With Windows, Oracle Universal Installer creates the ORA_DBA group. In UNIX
systems, you must create the DBA account manually.
■
Account for running Oracle Universal Installer
With Windows, you log in with Administrator privileges. You do not need a
separate account. With UNIX systems, you must create this account manually.
See Also: "Oracle Database Windows/UNIX Differences"
appendix in Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
Recommended File System
Oracle strongly recommends that you install the database software on NTFS because
the NTFS file system provides improved security of the database files, trace files,
incident data, and so on, stored in the Oracle home.
See Also: "File Permissions" in Oracle Database Platform Guide for
Microsoft Windows for information about the default permissions when
using Oracle Universal Installer and Database Configuration Assistant
to install the Oracle Database software
Managing User Accounts with User Account Control on Windows Vista
To ensure that only trusted applications run on your computer, Windows Vista
provides User Account Control. If you have enabled this security feature, then,
depending on how you have configured it, Oracle Universal Installer prompts you for
either your consent or your credentials when installing Oracle Database. Provide
either the consent or your Windows Administrator credentials as appropriate.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-5
Installation Considerations
You must have Administrator privileges to run some Oracle tools, such as Database
Configuration Assistant, Net Configuration Assistant, and OPatch, or to run any tool
or application that writes to any directory within the Oracle home. If User Account
Control is enabled, and you are logged in as the local Administrator, then you can
successfully run each of these commands in the usual way. However, if you are logged
in as "a member of the Administrator group," then you must explicitly invoke these
tasks with Windows Administrator privileges. All the Oracle shortcuts which require
Administrator privileges will be invoked as "Administrator" automatically when we
click the shortcuts. However, if you run the above tools from a Windows command
prompt, you need to run them from an admin command prompt. OPatch does not
have a shortcut and has to be run from an admin command prompt. See "Starting
Database Tools on Windows Vista" in Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft
Windows for more information.
To start a command prompt window with Windows Administrator privileges:
1. On your Windows Vista Desktop, create a shortcut for the command prompt
window. An icon for that shortcut appears on the Desktop.
2.
Right click the icon for the newly created shortcut, and specify "Run as
administrator."
When you open this window, the title bar reads Administrator: Command Prompt.
Commands run from within this window are run with Administrator privileges.
Hardware and Software Certification
The platform-specific hardware and software requirements included in this
installation guide were current at the time this guide was published. However,
because new platforms and operating system software versions might be certified after
this guide is published, review the certification matrix on the My Oracle Support
(formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site for the most up-to-date list of certified hardware
platforms and operating system versions. This Web site also provides compatible
client and database versions, patches, and workaround information for bugs. The My
Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site is available at:
https://support.oracle.com
You must register online before using My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink).
After logging in, click Certify from the top right-hand side of the screen. The
Certifications page appears. Other options include Product Availability, Desupport
Notices, and Alerts.
See Also:
"Windows Certification and Web Browser Support" on
page 2-9
Third-Party Database Certification for SQL Developer
SQL Developer can be used to view metadata and data of several non-Oracle
databases. The following table lists the third-party database certifications.
Database
Releases
Notes
Microsoft Access
Access 97
For any Access release: no JDBC driver needed,
but you must ensure read access to the system
tables in the.mdb file.
Access 2000
Access 2003
1-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installation Considerations
Database
Releases
Notes
Microsoft SQL
Server
SQL Server 7
SQL Server 2005
For any Microsoft SQL Server release: JDBC
driver jtds-1.2.2.jar required. This is included
in the jtds-1.2-dist.zip available from
sourceforge.net.
MySQL 3.x
For any MySQL release: JDBC driver required.
MySQL 4.x
For MySQL 5.x:
mysql-connector-java-5.0.4-bin.jar is
required, which is included in
mysql-connector-java-5.0.4.zip.
MySQL
SQL Server 2000
MySQL 5.x
Multiple Oracle Home Support
Oracle Database supports multiple Oracle homes. This means that you can install this
release or previous releases of the software more than once on the same system, in
different Oracle home directories. This allows flexibility in deployment and
maintenance of the database software. For example, it allows you to run different
versions of the database simultaneously on the same system, or it allows you to
upgrade specific database or Automatic Storage Management instances on a system
without affecting other running databases. However, when you have installed
multiple Oracle Homes on a single system, there is also some added complexity
introduced that you may need to take into account to allow these Oracle Homes to
coexist.
You must install this product into a new Oracle home directory. You cannot install
products from one release of Oracle Database into an Oracle home directory of a
different release. For example, you cannot install Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1)
software into an existing Oracle9i Oracle home directory. If you attempt to install this
release into an Oracle home directory that contains software from an earlier Oracle
release, the installation fails.
You can install this release more than once on the same system as long as each
installation is installed in a separate Oracle home directory.
See Also: My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Note
460054.1 for more details about multiple Oracle home environment
issues
Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
The Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services (CSS) service synchronizes an Automatic
Storage Management instance and the database instances that rely on it for database
file storage. By default, Oracle Universal Installer does not configure Oracle Cluster
Synchronization Services; it only configures it if you select Automatic Storage
Management as a storage or recovery option. Because Oracle Cluster Synchronization
Services must be running before any Automatic Storage Management instance starts,
Oracle Universal Installer configures it to start automatically when the system starts.
For Oracle RAC installations, Oracle Universal Installer installs the CSS service with
Oracle Clusterware in a separate Oracle home directory (also called the Oracle
Clusterware home directory). For single-instance installations (not Oracle RAC), you
can install and run the CSS service from whichever home Automatic Storage
Management runs from. Automatic Storage Management can run from either a
separate Oracle home or from the same Oracle home as Oracle Database.
If you have installed Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services from the same Oracle
home as Oracle Database, use caution when removing Oracle Database software from
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-7
Installation Considerations
the system. Before you remove an Oracle home directory that contains Oracle
Database, you must either delete the CSS service configuration, or if necessary,
reconfigure the CSS service to run from another Oracle home directory.
If you plan to have more than one Oracle Database installation
on a single system and you want to use Automatic Storage
Management for database file storage, Oracle recommends that you
run the CSS service and the Automatic Storage Management instance
from the same Oracle home directory and use different Oracle home
directories for the database instances.
Note:
See Also:
■
■
■
"Automatic Storage Management" on page 1-14
"Running Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services from a
Different Oracle Home" on page 4-27
"Removing Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services" on page 6-2
Using Network Attached Storage or NFS File Systems
Oracle Database 11g must be able to verify that writes to a disk are completed
successfully. NFS file systems, including file systems on NAS devices, may not be able
to guarantee that writes to a disk are completed successfully, and this may lead to
possible data file corruption.
If a storage device is supported, then you can use it to store Oracle software files,
Oracle database files, or both.
See Also:
"Direct NFS Client" for more information
Oracle Universal Installer Overview
Oracle Universal Installer is a Java-based graphical user interface (GUI) tool that
enables you to install and remove Oracle software. Oracle Universal Installer provides
the following capabilities:
■
Component and suite installations
■
Globalization support
■
Distributed installation support
■
Unattended silent installations using response files
■
Removal of installed components
■
Multiple Oracle homes support
Oracle Universal Installer can run a silent or noninteractive installation of Oracle
software using response files. See Appendix C, "Installing and Configuring Oracle
Database Using Response Files" for more information.
You must use the Oracle Universal Installer 11g to install components into an Oracle
Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Oracle home directory.
Oracle Universal Installer automatically installs the Oracle version of the Java Runtime
Environment (JRE). This version is required to run Oracle Universal Installer and
several Oracle assistants. Do not modify the JRE, unless doing so with a patch
1-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installation Considerations
provided by My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink). Visit the following site to
find Oracle patches to download:
https://support.oracle.com
When Oracle Universal Installer runs, it creates an db_n directory, which keeps track
of the components you are installing. Do not modify the contents of this directory. By
default, this directory is located at the same directory level as ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME.
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide is
included in your Oracle Documentation Library and is automatically
installed on your hard drive during installation. To access this guide,
from the Start menu, select Programs, then Oracle - ORACLE_HOME,
then Oracle Installation Products, then Universal Installer Concepts
Guide.
See Also:
Oracle Base Directory
If you install Oracle Database 11g release 1 (11.1) on a computer with no other Oracle
software installed, Oracle Universal Installer creates an Oracle base directory for you.
If Oracle software is already installed, then one or more Oracle base directories
already exist. In the latter case, Oracle Universal Installer offers you a choice of Oracle
base directories to install Oracle Database. You should install this release of Oracle
Database into the same release used to create the existing Oracle base directory.
In a default Windows installation, the Oracle base directory appears as follows:
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username
You can choose to create a new Oracle base directory, even
if other Oracle base directories exist on the system.
Note:
Oracle Home Directory
This section covers the following topics:
■
Contents of the Oracle Home Environment
■
Multiple Oracle Home Components
Contents of the Oracle Home Environment
The Oracle home directory is located under the Oracle base directory. For example, in
a default Windows installation, if you name the Oracle home directory db_1, it appears
in the Oracle base directory as follows:
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1
An Oracle home corresponds to the environment in which Oracle components run.
This environment includes the following:
■
Location of installed component files
■
PATH variable pointing to binary files of installed components
■
Registry entries
■
Service names
Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1-9
Migration Considerations
■
Program groups
Oracle homes also have a name associated with them, which you specify along with
their location during installation.
Multiple Oracle Home Components
You can install all Oracle components in multiple Oracle homes on the same
computer. However, some components can only support one active instance at a time.
This means that the current (latest) installation renders the previous one inactive.
These components are:
■
Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
■
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
■
Oracle Objects for OLE
■
Oracle Provider for OLE DB
Note:
Oracle Objects for OLE is not supported on Windows x64.
Oracle Database Vault Default Audit Policy and Initialization Parameters
Oracle Database Vault installs a baseline database auditing policy. This policy covers
the access control configuration information stored in Database Vault database tables,
information stored in Oracle Catalog (rollback segments, tablespaces, and so on), the
use of system privileges, and Oracle Label Security configuration. When you install
Oracle Database Vault, the security specific database initialization parameters are
initialized with default values.
See Also: Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide for more
information on the database audit policy
Migration Considerations
Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) database for 32-bit Windows can be migrated to
an Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) database for 64-bit Windows. See the
"Migrating an Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Database" section in the Oracle
Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for migration information.
Oracle Database Installation Methods
You can choose different installation methods to install Oracle Database, which are as
follows:
■
Interactive Installation Methods
■
Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files
Interactive Installation Methods
When you use the interactive method to install Oracle Database, Oracle Universal
Installer displays a series of screens that enable you to specify all of the required
information to install the Oracle Database software and optionally create a database.
There are two methods that you can use to install Oracle Database:
1-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Installation Methods
■
■
Basic: Select this installation method if you want to quickly install Oracle
Database. This installation method requires minimal user input. It installs the
software and optionally creates a general-purpose database using the information
that you specify on this window. It is the default installation method.
Advanced: Select this installation method if you want to complete any of the
following tasks:
–
Perform a custom software installation, in which you choose components
individually, or choose a different database configuration.
The Available Product Components installation window automatically selects
the components most customers need in their Oracle Database installation. It
also lists several components that are not selected by default, but which you
may want to include. To find the listing of available components, select
Advanced, and then in the Installation Type window, select Custom.
See Also:
"Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines"
on page 3-3
–
Install Oracle RAC.
–
Upgrade an existing database.
–
Select a database character set or different product languages.
–
Create the EXAMPLE tablespace during the installation.
–
Create a database on a different file system from the software.
–
Configure Automatic Storage Management for database storage.
–
Specify different passwords for administrative schemas.
–
Configure automated backups or Oracle Enterprise Manager notifications.
–
Configure Oracle Configuration Manager.
Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files
By creating a response file and specifying this file when you start Oracle Universal
Installer, you can automate some or all of the Oracle Database installation. These
automated installation methods are useful if you need to perform multiple
installations on similarly configured systems.
When you use a response file, you can run Oracle Universal Installer in the following
modes, depending on whether you specify all of the required information or not:
■
■
Silent Mode: Oracle Universal Installer runs in silent mode if you use a response
file that specifies all required information. None of the Oracle Universal Installer
screens are displayed.
Suppressed Mode: Oracle Universal Installer runs in suppressed mode if you do
not specify all required information in the response file. Oracle Universal Installer
displays only the screens that prompt for the information that you did not specify.
For more information about these modes and about how to complete an installation
using response files, see Appendix C.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-11
Oracle Database Installation Types
Oracle Database Installation Types
You can choose one of the following installation types when installing Oracle Database
11g:
■
■
■
■
Enterprise Edition: Installs licensable Oracle Database options, and database
configuration and management tools in addition to all of the products that are
installed during a Standard Edition installation. It also installs products most
commonly used for data warehousing and transaction processing.
Standard Edition: Installs an integrated set of management tools, full distribution,
replication, Web features, and facilities for building business-critical applications.
Personal Edition: Installs the same software as the Enterprise Edition installation
type, but supports only a single user development and deployment environment
that requires full compatibility with Enterprise Edition and Standard Edition.
Oracle RAC is not installed with Personal Edition.
Custom: Enables you to select the individual components that you want to install
from the list of all available components.
Note:
■
■
If you perform a Custom installation, then ensure that you install
only the components covered by your license. You can not install
Standard Edition using Custom installation.
The installation process is the same for all the installation types.
Ensure that you install the products for which you have a valid
license.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Client Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows for
Oracle Database Client installation instructions
Oracle Database Licensing Information for more information about
the features available with each Oracle Database edition and for
information about licensing
Database Configuration Options
You can create an Oracle database during the installation process. If you choose to
create an Oracle database, Oracle Universal Installer uses Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant to create it. You can create one of the preconfigured database
types, which are designed for a variety of different applications, modify one of the
preconfigured database types, or create a customized database to suit your own
requirements.
This section describes the following database configuration options:
■
Preconfigured Database Types
■
Installation Choices that Affect Database Creation
■
Creating a Database After Installation
1-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Database Configuration Options
Preconfigured Database Types
Oracle provides the following preconfigured database types that you can create or
customize during the installation:
■
General Purpose/Transaction Processing
■
Data Warehouse
■
Advanced
See the online help provided by either Oracle Universal Installer or Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant for a description of these preconfigured database types.
Installation Choices that Affect Database Creation
Oracle Universal Installer runs Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in one of two
modes, depending on the choices that you make during the installation:
■
Noninteractive mode
If you choose the Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, or Personal Edition
installation type, and then choose a preconfigured database type, Oracle Universal
Installer prompts you for the minimum amount of information required to create a
database of the type you choose. It then runs Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant as a background process, using the default settings for information not
covered during the initial prompting session, to create the database after it installs
the software.
Oracle recommends that you use this method to create a
database if you have not previously created one.
Note:
■
Interactive mode
If you choose the custom installation type or the advanced database configuration
option, Oracle Universal Installer does not prompt you for database information.
Instead, it installs the software and then runs Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant in interactive mode. Using the screens in Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant, you can either modify one of the preconfigured database types or create
a custom database and specify precisely how you want to configure it.
If you choose this method to create a database, click the
Help button on any of the Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
windows for a description of the information that you must specify
on that window.
Note:
Creating a Database After Installation
If you decide not to create a database during the installation, you can use Oracle
Database Configuration Assistant to create one after you have installed the software.
Oracle Database 2 Day DBA for more information about
using Oracle Database Configuration Assistant to create a database
after installation
See Also:
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-13
Database Storage Options
Database Storage Options
If you choose to create a database during the installation, you can specify the
following storage options for database files:
■
File System
■
Automatic Storage Management
File System
If you choose the file system option, Oracle Database Configuration Assistant creates
the database files in a directory on a file system on your computer. Oracle
recommends that the file system you choose be separate from the file systems used by
the operating system or the Oracle software. The file system that you choose can be
any of the following:
■
A file system on a disk that is physically attached to the system
If you are creating a database on basic disks that are not logical volumes or RAID
devices, Oracle recommends that you follow the Optimal Flexible Architecture
(OFA) recommendations described in Appendix B and distribute the database files
over more than one disk.
■
A file system on a logical volume manager (LVM) volume or a RAID device
If you are using multiple disks in an LVM or RAID configuration, Oracle
recommends that you use the stripe-and-mirror-everything (SAME) methodology
to increase performance and reliability. Using this methodology, you do not need
to specify more than one file system mounting point for database storage.
If you choose the custom installation type or the advanced database creation option,
you can also choose to use the Oracle Managed Files feature with the new database. If
you use this feature, you need to only specify the database object name instead of file
names when creating or deleting database files.
See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more
information about Oracle Managed Files
Automatic Storage Management
Automatic Storage Management is a high-performance storage management solution
for Oracle database files that makes most manual I/O performance tuning tasks
unnecessary. It simplifies the management of a dynamic database environment, such
as creating and laying out databases and managing disk space.
Automatic Storage Management works well with single database installations,
multiple database installations, and in Oracle RAC environments. It can be used with
databases created in Oracle Database 10g release 1 (10.1 and later); conversely, Oracle
Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) databases can use Automatic Storage Management from
Oracle Database 10g release 1 (10.1.0.3 and later). If your site has multiple
single-instance databases, you can use Oracle Clusterware to consolidate multiple
databases into a single clustered storage pool. Automatic Storage Management
manages the storage of all database files, such as redo logs, control files, data pump
export files, and so on. However, it does not manage the Oracle Database executable
binary files.
In a nutshell, to use Automatic Storage Management, you allocate partitioned disks to
Oracle with preferences for striping and mirroring. Automatic Storage Management
manages the disk space for you, thus eliminating the need for traditional disk
1-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Database Storage Options
management tools such as logical volume managers (LVM), file systems, and the
numerous commands necessary to manage both. The synchronization between
Automatic Storage Management and the database instance is handled by Oracle
Cluster Synchronization Services (CSS).
Automatic Storage Management Components
Automatic Storage Management uses the following components:
■
Automatic Storage Management Disk Groups
■
Automatic Storage Management Instance
Automatic Storage Management Disk Groups
A disk group is a set of disk devices that Automatic Storage Management manages as
a single unit. Each disk device can be an individual physical disk, a multiple disk
device such as a RAID storage array or a logical volume, or a partition on a physical
disk. However, in most cases, disk groups consist of one or more individual physical
disks. To enable Automatic Storage Management to balance I/O and storage
appropriately within the disk group, make sure that all devices in the disk group have
similar, if not identical, storage capacity and performance.
You can set the redundancy and striping attributes of individual file types within a
disk group by using Automatic Storage Management disk group templates. When you
create a disk group, Automatic Storage Management creates a set of default templates
for that disk group. Default template settings depend on the disk group type. For
example, the default template for control files for a normal redundancy disk group
sets three-way mirroring. All other file templates are two-way mirrored. For a high
redundancy disk group, the default mirroring cannot be changed; that is, all files are
always three-way mirrored in a high redundancy disk group. You can modify the
default templates to suit the unique needs of your site. See Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide for more information.
Automatic Storage Management spreads data evenly across all of the devices in the
disk group to optimize performance and utilization. You can add or remove disk
devices from a disk group without shutting down the database. When you add or
remove disks, Automatic Storage Management rebalances the data files across the disk
group. You can create multiple disk groups to handle specific tasks, such as backup
and recovery operations, in addition to routine file storage activities.
When you add a device to a disk group, you can specify a failure group for that
device. Failure groups identify disk devices that have common failure characteristics,
for example, devices that are attached to the same controller. If the controller fails,
then all devices attached to it become unavailable. By default, each device also belongs
to its own failure group. By using the failure groups you specify, Automatic Storage
Management can distribute data among the devices in the disk group to help
minimize the risk of data loss caused by component failures.
Automatic Storage Management Instance
The Automatic Storage Management instance is a special Oracle instance that manages
Automatic Storage Management disk groups. It is recommended to have the
Automatic Storage Management instance in the own Oracle home. It is also
recommended that you run this instance before you start a database instance, which
uses Automatic Storage Management. When you choose Automatic Storage
Management as your database storage mechanism, this instance is created and started,
if necessary. For a single-instance Oracle Database installation, you only need one
Automatic Storage Management instance, regardless of the number of database
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-15
Database Storage Options
instances on the computer. The Automatic Storage Management instance on any given
node in a single cluster can handle any combination of disk group types.
General Steps for Installing Automatic Storage Management
To install Automatic Storage Management, you use Oracle Universal Installer. The
following are the general steps for installing Automatic Storage Management:
1.
Determine disk requirements for your site and if necessary, create one or more
disk partitions for Automatic Storage Management.
"Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management Installation" on
page 2-22 provides guidelines on how to determine disk requirements for your
site.
2.
Run Oracle Universal Installer to install and create an Automatic Storage
Management instance and to create one or more Automatic Storage Management
disk groups that the Automatic Storage Management instance will manage.
"Step 1: Reviewing Automatic Storage Management Installation Considerations"
on page 3-16 provides advice on where to install Automatic Storage Management
and other installation considerations. "Step 2: Creating the Automatic Storage
Management Instance and Configuring Disk Groups" on page 3-16 describes how
to create an Automatic Storage Management instance and disk groups.
After you have created an Automatic Storage Management instance and its
associated disk groups, subsequent databases that you create will be able to use
Automatic Storage Management for file storage management. If you have
databases that were created before you installed Automatic Storage Management,
you can migrate them to Automatic Storage Management by using the Enterprise
Manager Migrate Database wizard. This wizard is available in Enterprise Manager
Grid Control or Database Control. Alternatively, you can use Oracle Database
Recovery Manager (RMAN) to perform the migration.
3.
Create the databases that will use Automatic Storage Management.
"Step 3: Installing Oracle Database to Use Automatic Storage Management" on
page 3-18 describes how to create and a database for Automatic Storage
Management.
4.
Test the Automatic Storage Management installation.
"Step 4: Testing the Automatic Storage Management Installation" on page 3-21
provides a simple test to check that the Automatic Storage Management
installation was successful.
"Managing Automatic Storage Management" on page 5-4 explains how to start
and access Automatic Storage Management and which Oracle database tools you
can use to manage it.
1-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Database Management Options
See Also:
■
■
■
■
■
"Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services" on page 1-7
Oracle Database 2 Day DBA for a general overview, from a
non-platform perspective, of Automatic Storage Management
Oracle Database New Features Guide for information on new
features in this release of Automatic Storage Management
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for a more detailed
description of Automatic Storage Management
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/products/index.
html for additional information on Automatic Storage
Management from Oracle Technology Network
Database Management Options
To simplify database administration, Oracle provides a Web-based management tool
called Oracle Enterprise Manager.
There are two ways that you can deploy Oracle Enterprise Manager:
■
Deploy Oracle Enterprise Manager centrally in your environment.
To deploy Oracle Enterprise Manager centrally, you must install at least one
Oracle Management Repository and one Oracle Management Service within your
environment, then install an Oracle Enterprise Management Agent on every
computer that you want to manage. You then can use a single HTML interface to
manage and monitor software and hardware targets on all of those systems.
Targets can include Oracle databases, application servers, Net listeners, and
third-party software. This single interface is called Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g
Grid Control (or simply Grid Control).
Note: Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g is available separately on
the Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control installation media.
■
Deploy Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control locally on the database
system.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control software is installed by default with
every Oracle Database installation except Custom. During a Custom installation,
you can choose not to install Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control.
However, Oracle recommends that you install it. This local installation provides a
Web-based interface called Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control. Database
Control is similar in function to Grid Control, but it can manage only a single
database. If you want to administer more than one database on this system, you
must either configure a separate Database Control for each database, or install
Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid Control.
See Also: Oracle Enterprise Manager Concepts and Oracle Enterprise
Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic Configuration for more
information about Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g
This section contains the following topics:
■
Management Options for Preconfigured Databases
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-17
Database Management Options
■
Management Options for Custom Databases
■
Features Provided by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
Management Options for Preconfigured Databases
When you create a preconfigured database during the installation, you must select the
Oracle Enterprise Manager interface that you want to use to manage the database. The
following options are available:
■
Use Grid Control for central database management.
This option is available only if an Oracle Management Agent is installed on the
system. When Oracle Universal Installer detects Oracle Management Agent on the
system, you can choose this option and specify the Oracle Management Service
that you want to use to manage the database.
If an Oracle Management Agent is not installed, you must use Database Control to
manage the database. However, if you install Oracle Management Agent after you
install Oracle Database, you can use Grid Control to manage this database.
■
Use Database Control for local database management.
This option is selected by default if an Oracle Management Agent is not installed
on the system. However, even if a Management Agent is installed, you can still
configure Database Control to manage the database.
Management Options for Custom Databases
If you choose the Advanced database configuration option or choose to create a
database during a Custom installation, Oracle Universal Installer runs Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant in interactive mode. Use Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant to specify the Oracle Enterprise Manager interface that you want to use to
manage the database. Alternatively, you can choose not to configure the database with
Enterprise Manager.
Oracle recommends that you configure the database to use Enterprise Manager during
installation. However, if you choose not to configure the database to use Enterprise
Manager during the installation, you can use Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
after the installation to configure the database to use it.
Features Provided by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control, which is installed by default with Oracle
Database, provides a Web-based user interface that you can use to monitor,
administer, and maintain an Oracle database. You can use it to perform all of your
database administration tasks. You can also use it to determine information about the
database, such as:
■
Instance name, database version, Oracle home location, media recovery options,
and other instance data
■
Current instance availability
■
Database alert information
■
Automatic notification of security alerts
■
Ability to apply patches
■
Session and SQL-related performance information
1-18 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Database Backup and Recovery Options
■
Space usage metrics
Database Backup and Recovery Options
If you use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control during the installation, you
can optionally enable automated database backups that use the Oracle-suggested
default backup strategy.
You do not have to enable automated backups during the installation. If you prefer,
you can use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control or Grid Control to configure
automated backups after you install the software and create a database.
This section covers the following topics:
■
Enabling Automated Backups
■
Backup Job Default Settings
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database 2 Day DBA for information about using Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control to configure or customize
automated backups or to recover a backed up database
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide for more detailed
information about defining a backup strategy and backing up and
recovering Oracle databases
Enabling Automated Backups
If you enable automated backups, Oracle Enterprise Manager schedules a daily
backup job that uses Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN) to back up all of the
database files to an on-disk storage area called the flash recovery area. The size of the
flash recovery area is determined by the size of the database you need to backup. The
first time the backup job runs, it creates a full backup of the database. Subsequent
backup jobs perform incremental backups, which enable you to recover the database
to its state at any point during the preceding 24 hours. If you want to create an online
backup, you must run the backup job in ARCHIVELOG mode.
To enable automated backup jobs during installation, you must specify the following
information:
■
The location of the flash recovery area
You can use either a file system directory or an Automatic Storage Management
disk group for the flash recovery area. The default disk quota configured for the
flash recovery area is 2 GB. For Automatic Storage Management disk groups, the
required disk space depends on the redundancy level of the disk group that you
choose. Chapter 2 describes how to choose the location of the flash recovery area
and identifies its disk space requirements.
■
An operating system user name and password for the backup job
Oracle Enterprise Manager uses the operating system credentials that you specify
when running the backup job. The user name that you specify must belong to the
Windows group that identifies database administrators (the ORA_DBA group). This
user also needs to have Logon As A Batch Job privilege.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-19
E-mail Notification Options
Backup Job Default Settings
If you enable automated backups after choosing one of the preconfigured databases
during the installation, automated backup is configured with the following default
settings:
■
The backup job is scheduled to run nightly at 2 a.m.
■
The disk quota for the flash recovery area is 2 GB.
If you enable automated backups by using Oracle Database Configuration Assistant,
either during or after the installation, you can specify a different start time for the
backup job and a different disk quota for the flash recovery area.
E-mail Notification Options
If you choose to use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control during the
installation, you can configure Enterprise Manager to send e-mail when specific events
occur. These events can include occurrences such as disk space reaching a critical limit
(a threshold), or a database shutting down unexpectedly.
If you enable e-mail notifications, you must specify the following information:
■
The host name of an simple mail transport protocol (SMTP) server.
■
The e-mail address that should receive the alerts.
The e-mail address that you specify can belong to an individual, or can be a shared
e-mail account, or can be a distribution list.
You can use Enterprise Manager Database Control to setup, change, or customize
e-mail notifications after you have created the database.
Upgrade Considerations
Oracle recommends installing Oracle Database 11g release 1 (11.1) into a new Oracle
home directory. If you must install Oracle Database 11g release 1 (11.1) into an Oracle
home directory that contains previously installed Oracle8i or Oracle9i components,
then use Oracle Universal Installer to remove these components before beginning a
new installation.
See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide before deciding to upgrade an existing database.
Supported upgrade paths and upgrade procedures are covered in Oracle Database
Upgrade Guide. However, this section describes several Windows-specific issues to
understand before following the instructions in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
See Also:
Chapter 6, "Removing Oracle Database Software"
This section contains these topics:
■
AL24UTFFSS Character Set
■
Policies for Client and Application Software Installations
■
Downgrading a Database
1-20 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Upgrade Considerations
AL24UTFFSS Character Set
Note: The information in this section does not apply to an upgrade of
a release 9.0.1 or later release of Oracle Database.
Before you upgrade an existing database that uses the AL24UTFFSS character set, you
must upgrade the database character set to UTF8. Oracle recommends that you use the
Character Set Scanner (csscan) utility for data analysis before attempting to upgrade
your existing database character set. The Character Set Scanner utility checks all
character data in the database and tests for the effects of, and problems with, changing
the character set encoding.
Caution: AL32UTF8 is the Oracle Database character set that is
appropriate for XMLType data. It is equivalent to the IANA registered
standard UTF-8 encoding, which supports all valid XML characters.
Do not confuse Oracle Database database character set UTF8 (no
hyphen) with database character set AL32UTF8 or with character
encoding UTF-8. Database character set UTF8 has been superseded by
AL32UTF8. Do not use UTF8 for XML data. UTF8 supports only
Unicode version 3.0 and earlier; it does not support all valid XML
characters. AL32UTF8 has no such limitation.
Using database character set UTF8 for XML data could potentially
cause a fatal error or affect security negatively. If a character that is
not supported by the database character set appears in an
input-document element name, a replacement character (usually a
question mark) is substituted for it. This terminates parsing and raise
an exception.
See Also: Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for more
information about Character Set Support
Policies for Client and Application Software Installations
If you upgrade your Oracle database to 11g release 1 (11.1), then Oracle recommends
that you upgrade the client software to Oracle Database 11g release 1 (11.1) as well.
Keeping the server and client software at the same release number ensures maximum
stability for your applications. In addition, the latest Oracle client software may
provide added functionality and performance enhancements that were not available
with previous releases.
Downgrading a Database
Steps to downgrade a database, including steps to change the word size, are covered
in Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
Overview of Oracle Database Installation 1-21
Upgrade Considerations
1-22 Oracle Database Installation Guide
2
2
Oracle Database Preinstallation
Requirements
This chapter describes the tasks that you must complete before you start Oracle
Universal Installer. It includes information about the following tasks:
■
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
■
Oracle Database Software Requirements
■
Preinstallation Requirements for Oracle Configuration Manager
■
Preinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
■
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
■
Oracle Database Network Topics
■
Individual Component Requirements
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
This section describes hardware component and hard disk space requirements.
■
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows 32-Bit
■
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows x64
■
Hard Disk Space Requirements for Windows 32-Bit
■
Hard Disk Space Requirements for Windows x64
■
Verifying Hardware Requirements
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows 32-Bit
The following table lists the hardware components that are required for Oracle
Database on Windows 32-Bit.
Table 2–1
Windows 32-Bit Hardware Requirements
Requirement
Value
Physical memory (RAM)
1 GB minimum
Virtual memory
Double the amount of RAM
Disk space
Total: 4.76 GB
See Table 2–3 for details.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-1
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
Table 2–1 (Cont.) Windows 32-Bit Hardware Requirements
Requirement
Value
Processor
550 MHz minimum
(On Windows Vista, 800 MHz minimum)
Video adapter
256 colors
See Also:
■
■
■
■
"Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery
Files" on page 2-19
"Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files" on
page 2-20
"Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management
Installation" on page 2-22
"Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements" on page 3-3
Hardware Component Requirements for Windows x64
The following table lists the hardware components that are required for Oracle
Database on Windows x64.
Table 2–2
Windows x64 Hardware Requirements
Requirement
Value
Physical memory (RAM)
1 GB minimum
Virtual memory
Double the amount of RAM
Disk space
Total: 5.22 GB
See Table 2–3 for details.
Processor
AMD64, or Intel Extended memory (EM64T)
Video adapter
256 colors
See Also:
■
■
■
■
"Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery
Files" on page 2-19
"Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files" on
page 2-20
"Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management
Installation" on page 2-22
"Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements" on page 3-3
Hard Disk Space Requirements for Windows 32-Bit
This section lists system requirements for Windows platforms that use the NT File
System (NTFS). Oracle recommends installing Oracle components on NTFS. NTFS
allows for strong security of database files, trace files, incident data, and so on, stored
in the Oracle home.
2-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
The NTFS system requirements listed in this section are more accurate than the hard
disk values reported by the Oracle Universal Installer Summary window. The
Summary window does not include accurate values for disk space, the space required
to create a database, or the size of compressed files that are expanded on the hard
drive.
The hard disk requirements for Oracle Database components include 32 MB required
to install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and Oracle Universal Installer on the
partition where the operating system is installed. If sufficient space is not detected,
installation fails and an error message appears.
Table 2–3 lists the disk space requirements on NTFS. The starter database requires 1.55
GB of disk space. The figures in this table include the starter database. FAT32 space
requirements are slightly higher.
Table 2–3
Windows 32-Bit Disk Space Requirements on NTFS
Installation Type
TEMP Space
SYSTEM_DRIVE:\
Program Files\Oracle
Oracle Home
Data Files * Total
Basic Installation
200 MB
3.1 MB
2.96 GB
1.60 GB
4.76 GB
Advanced Installation:
All Editions
200 MB
3.1 MB
2.96 GB **
1.60 GB **
4.76 GB **
* Refers to the contents of the admin, cfgtoollogs, flash_recovery_area, and
oradata directories in the ORACLE_BASE directory.
** This size can be higher depending on the installation options selected, such as
languages or additional components. If you choose to install Oracle Database with
automated backups enabled, include at least 2 GB extra for data file disk space.
See Also: "NTFS File System and Windows Registry Permissions" in
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
Hard Disk Space Requirements for Windows x64
This section lists system requirements for Windows platforms that use the NT File
System (NTFS). Oracle recommends installing Oracle components on NTFS. NTFS
allows for strong security of database files, trace files, incident data, and so on, stored
in the Oracle home.
The NTFS system requirements listed in this section are more accurate than the hard
disk values reported by the Oracle Universal Installer Summary window. The
Summary window does not include accurate values for disk space, the space required
to create a database, or the size of compressed files that are expanded on the hard
drive.
The hard disk requirements for Oracle Database components include 32 MB required
to install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and Oracle Universal Installer on the
partition where the operating system is installed. If sufficient space is not detected,
installation fails and an error message appears.
Table 2–4 lists the disk space requirements on NTFS. The starter database requires 720
MB of disk space. The figures in this table include the starter database. FAT32 space
requirements are slightly higher.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-3
Oracle Database Hardware Requirements
Table 2–4
Windows x64 Disk Space Requirements on NTFS
Installation Type
TEMP Space
SYSTEM_DRIVE:\
Program Files\Oracle
Oracle Home
Data Files * Total
Basic Installation
125 MB
2 MB
3.1 GB
2.0 GB
5.22 GB
Advanced Installation:
All Editions
125 MB
2 MB
3.1 GB **
2.0 GB **
5.22 GB **
* Refers to the contents of the admin, cfgtoollogs, flash_recovery_area, and
oradata directories in the ORACLE_BASE directory.
** This size can be higher depending on the installation options selected, such as
languages or additional components. If you choose to install Oracle Database with
automated backups enabled, include at least 2 GB extra for data file disk space.
See Also: "NTFS File System and Windows Registry Permissions" in
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
Verifying Hardware Requirements
To ensure that the system meets these requirements, follow these steps:
1.
Determine the physical RAM size. For example, on a Windows 2003 computer,
double-click System in the Windows Control Panel and click the General tab. If
the size of the physical RAM installed in the system is less than the required size,
then you must install more memory before continuing.
2.
Determine the size of the configured virtual memory (also known as paging file
size). For example, on a Windows 2003 computer, double-click System, click the
Advanced tab, and click Settings in the Performance section. Then click the
Advanced tab. The virtual memory is listed in the Virtual Memory section.
If necessary, see your operating system documentation for information about how
to configure additional virtual memory.
3.
Determine the amount of free disk space on the system. For example, on a
Windows 2003 computer, double-click My Computer, right-click the drive where
the Oracle software is to be installed, and select Properties.
4.
Determine the amount of disk space available in the temp directory. This is
equivalent to the total amount of free disk space, minus what will be needed for
the Oracle software to be installed.
On Windows 32-Bit, if there is less than 200 MB of disk space available in the temp
directory, then delete all unnecessary files. If the temp disk space is still less than
200 MB, then set the TEMP or TMP environment variable to point to a different hard
drive location.
On Windows x64, if there is less than 125 MB of disk space available in the temp
directory, then delete all unnecessary files. If the temp disk space is still less than
125 MB, then set the TEMP or TMP environment variable to point to a different hard
drive location.
For example, to change the environment variables on a Windows 2003 computer,
double-click System, click the Advanced tab, and click Environment Variables.
2-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Software Requirements
Oracle Database Software Requirements
Table 2–5 lists the software requirements for Oracle Database on Windows 32-Bit.
Table 2–6 lists the software requirements for Oracle Database on Windows x64.
Table 2–5
Windows 32-Bit Software Requirements
Requirement
Value
System Architecture
Processor: Intel (x86), AMD64, and Intel EM64T
Note: Oracle provides 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x64) versions of
Oracle Database for Microsoft Windows. The 32-bit database
version, which this installation guide describes, runs on the
32-bit version of Windows on either x86 or x64 hardware. Oracle
provides limited certification for 32-bit Oracle Database Client
on 64-bit Windows (x64). For additional information, visit the
My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) at:
https://support.oracle.com
Operating System
Oracle Database for 32-bit Windows is supported on the
following operating systems:
■
Windows 2000 with Service Pack 1 or later. All editions,
including Terminal Services and Microsoft Windows 2000
MultiLanguage Edition (MLE), are supported.
■
Windows Server 2003 - all editions
■
Windows Server 2003 R2 - all editions
■
Windows XP Professional
■
Windows Vista - Business, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions
Windows NT is not supported.
Windows Multilingual User Interface Pack is supported on
Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows XP
Professional, and Windows Vista.
Compiler
Pro*Cobol has been tested and certified with Net Express 5.0.
Object Oriented COBOL (OOCOBOL) specifications are not
supported.
Note: This version of Pro*Cobol has also been tested and
certified on Windows x64 with Net Express 5.0.
The following components are supported with the Microsoft
Visual C++ .NET 2002 7.0 and Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2003
7.1 compilers:
■
Oracle Call Interface
■
External callouts
■
Pro*C/C++
■
XDK
Oracle C++ Call Interface is supported with
■
■
Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2003 7.1
Microsoft Visual C++ .NET 2005 8.0 - OCCI libraries are
installed under ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\oci\lib\msvc\vc8. When developing OCCI
applications with MSVC++ 8.0, ensure that the OCCI
libraries are correctly selected from this directory for linking
and executing.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-5
Oracle Database Software Requirements
Table 2–5 (Cont.) Windows 32-Bit Software Requirements
Requirement
Value
Network Protocol
The Oracle Net foundation layer uses Oracle protocol support
to communicate with the following industry-standard network
protocols:
Oracle Database Client
■
TCP/IP
■
TCP/IP with SSL
■
Named Pipes
If you plan to connect to Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1)
from a release of Oracle Database Client that is earlier than 11g
Release 1 (11.1), the following conditions apply:
■
■
Oracle Database Client is version 9.2.0.4 or higher. See Note
207303.1 on My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink)
for more details and up to date information.
If the earlier Oracle Database Client is running on the same
computer as Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), a
bequeath connection cannot be used.
Oracle recommends upgrading Oracle Database Client to the
latest patchset (9.2.0.8, 10.2.0.5, or later). You can download the
patchset from the Patches and Updates section of My Oracle
Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) at:
https://support.oracle.com
See Also:
■
■
■
Table 2–6
"Components Supported on Windows XP and Windows Vista
(32-Bit)" on page 2-10
"Windows Telnet Services Support" on page 2-9
"Windows Terminal Services and Remote Desktop Support" on
page 2-9
Windows x64 Software Requirements
Requirement
Value
System Architecture
Processor: AMD64, or Intel EM64T
Note: Oracle provides 32-bit (x86) and 64-bit (x64) versions of
Oracle Database for Microsoft Windows. The 64-bit (x64)
database version, which this installation guide describes, runs
on the 64-bit version of Windows on AMD64 and EM64T
hardware. Oracle provides limited certification for 32-bit Oracle
Database Client on 64-bit Windows (x64). For additional
information, visit the My Oracle Support (formerly
OracleMetaLink) at:
https://support.oracle.com
2-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Software Requirements
Table 2–6 (Cont.) Windows x64 Software Requirements
Requirement
Value
Operating System
Oracle Database for x64 Windows is supported on the
following operating systems:
■
Windows Server 2003 - all x64 editions
■
Windows Server 2003 R2 - all x64 editions
■
Windows XP Professional x64 Edition
■
Windows Vista x64 - Business, Enterprise, and Ultimate
editions
Windows Multilingual User Interface Pack is supported on
Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows XP
Professional, and Windows Vista.
Compiler
Pro*Cobol is supported with Net Express 5.0.
The following components are supported with the Windows
2003 Microsoft Platform SDK (or later) and Intel compiler
version 8.1:
■
Oracle C++ Call Interface
■
Oracle Call Interface
■
External callouts
■
Pro*C/C++
■
XDK
Microsoft Visual C++ 8 (Visual Studio 2005) is supported for
Oracle C++ Call Interface. GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) and
Object Oriented COBOL (OOCOBOL) specifications are not
supported.
OCCI libraries are installed under ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\oci\lib\msvc\vc8. When developing OCCI applications
with MSVC++ 8.0, ensure that the OCCI libraries are correctly
selected from this directory for linking and executing.
Network Protocol
Oracle Database Client
The Oracle Net foundation layer uses Oracle protocol support
to communicate with the following industry-standard network
protocols:
■
TCP/IP
■
TCP/IP with SSL
■
Named Pipes
If you plan to connect to Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1)
from a release of Oracle Database Client that is earlier than 11g
Release 1 (11.1), the following conditions apply:
■
■
Oracle Database Client is version 9.2.0.4 or higher. See Note
207303.1 on My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink)
for more details and up to date information.
If the earlier Oracle Database Client is running on the same
computer as Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), a
bequeath connection cannot be used.
Oracle recommends upgrading Oracle Database Client to the
latest patchset (9.2.0.8, 10.2.0.5, or later). You can download the
patchset from the Patches and Updates section of My Oracle
Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) at:
https://support.oracle.com
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-7
Preinstallation Requirements for Oracle Configuration Manager
See Also:
■
"Components Supported on Windows x64" on page 2-11
■
"Windows Telnet Services Support" on page 2-9
■
■
"Windows Terminal Services and Remote Desktop Support" on
page 2-9
64-bit software and documentation on Oracle Technology
Network:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/documentation/i
ndex.html
Preinstallation Requirements for Oracle Configuration Manager
During installation, you are prompted to provide information required to enable
Oracle Configuration Manager. In the event that you need to place a service request
with Oracle Support, the configuration information can help to provide a more rapid
resolution to the service issue.
You can enable Oracle Configuration Manager during or after installation, or choose
not to enable it. To enable it during installation, you must have the following
information available:
■
Customer Support Identification Number (CSI) that identifies your organization
■
My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) user account name
■
Country code associated with your service agreement
See My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) (https://support.oracle.com) if
you encounter registration failures and are uncertain that the correct country code has
been specified. You can find the country associated with your My Oracle Support
(formerly OracleMetaLink) account in the Profile section under the Licenses link.
See Also: Oracle Configuration Manager Installation and Administration
Guide for further information.
Preinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
This section describes the tasks that you need to take care of before you install the
software:
■
Browser Requirements
■
Oracle XML DB Requirement
■
Oracle Text Requirement
■
PL/SQL Web Toolkit
Browser Requirements
To view or develop Oracle Application Express applications, Web browsers must
support Java Script and the HTML 4.0, and CSS 1.0 standards. The following browsers
meet this requirement:
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 or later version
■
Firefox 1.0 or a later version
2-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
Oracle XML DB Requirement
Oracle XML DB must be installed in the Oracle database that you want to use. If you
are using a preconfigured database created either during an installation or by
Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA), then Oracle XML DB is already installed
and configured.
See Also: Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide for more information
about manually adding Oracle XML DB to an existing database
Oracle Text Requirement
Oracle Text must be installed so that you can use the searchable online Help in Oracle
Application Express. By default, Oracle Text is installed as part of Oracle Database.
See Also: Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide for more
information on Oracle Text
PL/SQL Web Toolkit
Oracle Application Express requires the PL/SQL Web Toolkit version 10.1.2.0.6 or
later. For instructions on determining the current version of the PL/SQL Web Toolkit,
and for instructions on installing version 10.1.2.0.6, please review the README.txt file
contained in the directory apex/owa.
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
The following sections provide certification information:
■
Windows Telnet Services Support
■
Windows Terminal Services and Remote Desktop Support
■
Components Supported on Windows XP and Windows Vista (32-Bit)
■
Components Supported on Windows x64
■
Web Browser Support
Windows Telnet Services Support
Windows 2000, Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows XP, and Windows
Vista include a Telnet Service that allows remote users to log on to the operating
system and run console programs using the command line. Oracle supports database
command line utilities such as sqlplus, sqlldr, import, and export using this feature
on Windows 32-Bit and SQL*Plus, Export, Import, and SQL*Loader on Windows x64,
but does not support the database GUI tools such as Oracle Universal Installer,
Database Configuration Assistant, and Oracle Net Configuration Assistant.
Ensure that the Telnet service is started on the Windows
Services utility.
Note:
Windows Terminal Services and Remote Desktop Support
Oracle supports installing, configuring, and running Oracle Database through
Terminal Services on Windows 2000, Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2,
Windows XP, and Windows Vista. To install Oracle Database, Oracle recommends
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements
2-9
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
that you start all configuration tools from the Terminal Server console session of the
server (using mstsc/console).
Platform-specific support information is as follows:
■
■
■
Windows 2000: Oracle supports installing, configuring, and running Oracle
Database from a remote Terminal Services Client.
Windows 2003 and Windows Server 2003 R2: You can configure Windows 2003
and Windows Server 2003 R2 to use Terminal Services in Remote Desktop for
Administration Mode or Terminal Server Mode.
Windows XP and Windows Vista: The Remote Desktop is only available in Single
User Mode.
See Also:
■
The Microsoft Web site for more information about terminal
services
http://www.microsoft.com/
■
The My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site for
the latest Terminal Server certification information
https://support.oracle.com
Components Supported on Windows XP and Windows Vista (32-Bit)
All Oracle Database components are supported on Windows XP and Windows Vista
with the following exceptions:
■
DCE Adapter Support
■
Entrust PKI Support
■
Oracle Messaging Gateway
■
Oracle RAC, including Cluster File System and Server Management
■
Oracle Clusterware
■
nCipher Accelerator Support
■
■
■
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server are not supported on Windows
Vista. As a result, all Oracle Windows data access drivers on Windows Vista that
use Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server to enlist in Microsoft
Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MSDTC) coordinated transactions cannot
participate in those coordinated transactions. These data access drivers include
Oracle Data Provider for .NET, Oracle Provider for OLE DB, Oracle Objects for
OLE, and ODBC. Check My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site
for up to date information on Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
certification with Windows Vista.
Oracle Fail Safe Server is not supported on Windows XP and Windows Vista.
Oracle Fail Safe Manager Console is supported on Windows XP but not on
Windows Vista.
Oracle HTTP Server is not supported on Windows Vista.
Additional Components Supporting Windows Vista (32-Bit)
Oracle Developer Tools for Visual Studio .NET 10.2.0.2.20 or higher is certified for
Microsoft Vista beginning with Oracle Data Access Components (ODAC) 10.2.0.2.21.
2-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Windows Certification and Web Browser Support
Oracle Data Access Components bundle Windows data access products and tools
together in a single installation and are available for download from Oracle
Technology Network:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/downloads/index.html
The tools provide support for Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 and Microsoft Visual
Studio .NET 2003 users.
Components Supported on Windows x64
All Oracle Database components are supported on Windows x64 with the following
exceptions:
■
DCE Adapter
■
GNU Compiler Collection (GCC)
■
Oracle Developer Tools
■
Oracle HTTP Server
■
Business Components for Java (BC4J)
■
CyberSafe Adapter Support
■
Entrust PKI Support
■
Java Server Pages
■
nCipher Accelerator Support
■
Oracle Messaging Gateway
■
Oracle Fail Safe Manager Console
■
Oracle Objects for OLE
■
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server are not supported on Windows
Vista. As a result, all Oracle Windows data access drivers on Windows Vista that
use Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server to enlist in Microsoft
Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MSDTC) coordinated transactions cannot
participate in those coordinated transactions. These data access drivers include
Oracle Data Provider for .NET, Oracle Provider for OLE DB, Oracle Objects for
OLE, and ODBC. Check My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) Web site
for up to date information on Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
certification with Windows Vista.
■
Database Gateway for ODBC
■
Oracle Database Gateway for APPC
■
Oracle Database Gateway for WebSphere MQ
■
Oracle Database Gateway for Informix
■
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA
■
Oracle Database Gateway for IMS
■
Oracle Database Gateway for VSAM
■
Oracle Database Gateway for Adabas
■
Oracle Database Gateway for Sybase
■
Oracle Database Gateway for SQL Server
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-11
Oracle Database Network Topics
■
Oracle Database Gateway for Teradata
Web Browser Support
The following Web browsers are supported for Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control:
■
Netscape Navigator 7.2
■
Netscape Navigator 8.1
■
Mozilla version 1.7
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 SP2
■
Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0 or later
■
Firefox 1.0.4
■
Firefox 1.5
■
Firefox 2.0
Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0 is the only web browser
certified on Windows Vista.
Note:
Oracle Database Network Topics
Typically, the computer on which you want to install Oracle Database is connected to
the network, has local storage to contain the Oracle Database installation, has a display
monitor, and has a media drive.
This section describes how to install Oracle Database on computers that do not meet
the typical scenario. It covers the following topics:
■
Installing Oracle Database on DHCP Computers
■
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP Addresses
■
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases
■
Installing Oracle Database on Non-Networked Computers
■
Installing a Loopback Adapter
Installing Oracle Database on DHCP Computers
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) assigns dynamic IP addresses on a
network. Dynamic addressing allows a computer to have a different IP address each
time it connects to the network. In some cases, the IP address can change while the
computer is still connected. You can have a mixture of static and dynamic IP
addressing in a DHCP system.
In a DHCP setup, the software tracks IP addresses, which simplifies network
administration. This lets you add a new computer to the network without having to
manually assign that computer a unique IP address. However, before installing Oracle
Database onto a computer that uses the DHCP protocol, you need to install a loopback
adapter to assign a local IP address to that computer.
"Checking if a Loopback Adapter Is Installed on Your
Computer" on page 2-15
See Also:
2-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Network Topics
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP Addresses
You can install Oracle Database on a computer that has multiple IP addresses, also
known as a multihomed computer. Typically, a multihomed computer has multiple
network cards. Each IP address is associated with a host name; additionally, you can
set up aliases for the host name. By default, Oracle Universal Installer uses the ORACLE_
HOSTNAME environment variable setting to find the host name. If ORACLE_HOSTNAME is
not set and you are installing on a computer that has multiple network cards, Oracle
Universal Installer determines the host name by using the first name in the hosts file,
typically located in DRIVE_LETTER:\ WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc on Windows
2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows XP, and Windows Vista or DRIVE_
LETTER:\WINNT\system32\drivers\etc on Windows 2000.
Clients must be able to access the computer using this host name, or using aliases for
this host name. To check, ping the host name from the client computers using the short
name (host name only) and the full name (host name and domain name). Both must
work.
Setting the ORACLE_HOSTNAME Environment Variable
To set the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable:
1.
Display System in the Windows Control Panel.
2.
In the System Properties dialog box, click Advanced.
3.
In the Advanced tab, click Environment Variables.
4.
In the Environment Variables dialog box, under System Variables, click New.
5.
In the New System Variable dialog box, enter the following information:
■
Variable name: ORACLE_HOSTNAME
■
Variable value: The host name of the computer that you want to use.
6.
Click OK, then in the Environment Variables dialog box, click OK.
7.
Click OK in the Environment Variables dialog box, then in the System Properties
dialog box, click OK.
Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases
A computer with multiple aliases is registered with the naming service under a single
IP address but with multiple aliases. The naming service resolves any of those aliases
to the same computer. Before installing Oracle Database on such a computer, set the
ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable to the computer whose host name you want to
use.
Installing Oracle Database on Non-Networked Computers
You can install Oracle Database on a non-networked computer. If the computer, such
as a laptop, is configured for DHCP and you plan to connect the computer to the
network after the Oracle Database installation, perform these steps before you install
Oracle Database on the non-networked computer.
1.
Install a loopback adapter on the computer.
The loopback adapter and local IP address simulate a networked computer. If you
connect the computer to the network, Oracle Database still uses the local IP
address and host name.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-13
Oracle Database Network Topics
See Also:
2.
"Installing a Loopback Adapter" on page 2-14
Ping the computer from itself, using only the host name and using the fully
qualified name, which should be in the DRIVE_
LETTER:\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file.
For example, if you installed a loopback adapter on a computer called mycomputer
on the mydomain.com domain, check the following:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>ping mycomputer
Ping itself using just the
hostname.
Reply from 10.10.10.10
Returns local IP.
DRIVE_LETTER:\>ping mycomputer.mydomain.com
Ping using a fully qualified
name.
Reply from 10.10.10.10
Returns local IP.
Note: When you ping a computer from itself, the ping command
should return the local IP address (the IP address of the loopback
adapter).
If the ping command fails, contact your network administrator.
Connecting the Computer to the Network after Installation
If you connect the computer to a network after installation, the Oracle Database
instance on your computer can work with other instances on the network. Remember
that you must have installed a loopback adapter on your computer. Your computer
can use a static IP or DHCP, depending on the network to which you are connected.
Installing a Loopback Adapter
When you install a loopback adapter, the loopback adapter assigns a local IP address
for your computer. After the loopback adapter is installed, there are at least two
network adapters on your computer: your own network adapter and the loopback
adapter. To run Oracle Database on Windows, set the loopback adapter as the
primary adapter.
You can change the bind order for the adapters without reinstalling the loopback
adapter. The bind order of the adapters to the protocol indicates the order in which the
adapters are used. When the loopback adapter is used first for the TCP/IP protocol, all
programs that access TCP/IP will first probe the loopback adapter. The local address
is used for tools, such as Oracle Enterprise Manager. Any other applications that use a
different Ethernet segment will be routed to the network card.
A loopback adapter is required if:
■
You are installing on a DHCP computer, or
See Also:
"Installing Oracle Database on DHCP Computers" on
page 2-12
■
You are installing on a non-networked computer and plan to connect the
computer to a network after installation.
"Installing Oracle Database on Non-Networked
Computers" on page 2-13
See Also:
2-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Network Topics
This section covers the following topics:
■
Checking if a Loopback Adapter Is Installed on Your Computer
■
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 2000
■
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, or
Windows XP
■
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Vista
■
Removing a Loopback Adapter
Checking if a Loopback Adapter Is Installed on Your Computer
To check if a loopback adapter is installed on your computer, run the ipconfig /all
command:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>ipconfig /all
Loopback Adapter installed on the computer should be made
the Primary Network Adapter.
Note:
If there is a loopback adapter installed, you would see a section that lists the values for
the loopback adapter. For example:
Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection 2:
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . :
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Microsoft Loopback Adapter
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 02-00-4C-4F-4F-50
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : No
IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 169.254.25.129
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.0.0
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 2000
Windows 2000 reports on the first network adapter installed. This means that if you
install additional network adapters after you install the loopback adapter, you need to
remove and reinstall the loopback adapter. The loopback adapter must be the last
network adapter installed on the computer.
To install a loopback adapter on Windows 2000:
1.
From the Start menu, select Settings, then Control Panel.
2.
Double-click Add/Remove Hardware to start the Add/Remove Hardware wizard.
3.
In the Welcome window, click Next.
4.
In the Choose a Hardware Task window, select Add/Troubleshoot a device, and
click Next.
5.
In the Choose a Hardware Device window, select Add a new device, and click
Next.
6.
In the Find New Hardware window, select No, I want to select the hardware
from a list, and click Next.
7.
In the Hardware Type window, select Network adapters, and click Next.
8.
In the Select Network Adapter window, do the following:
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-15
Oracle Database Network Topics
9.
a.
Manufacturers: Select Microsoft.
b.
Network Adapter: Select Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
c.
Click Next.
In the Start Hardware Installation window, click Next.
10. In the Completing the Add/Remove Hardware Wizard window, click Finish.
11. Right-click My Network Places on the desktop and select Properties. This
displays the Network and Dial-up Connections control panel.
12. Right-click the connection that was just created. This is usually "Local Area
Connection 2". Select Properties.
13. On the General tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), and click Properties.
14. In the Properties dialog box, click Use the following IP address and do the
following:
a.
IP Address: Enter a non-routable IP address for the loopback adapter. Oracle
recommends the following non-routable addresses:
–
192.168.x.x (x is any value between 0 and 255)
–
10.10.10.10
b.
Subnet mask: Enter 255.255.255.0.
c.
Record the values you entered, which you will need later in this procedure.
d.
Leave all other fields empty.
e.
Click OK.
15. Close the Network Connections window.
16. Restart the computer.
17. Add a line to the DRIVE_LETTER:\WINNT\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file with
the following format, right after the localhost line:
IP_address
hostname.domainname
hostname
where:
■
IP_address is the non-routable IP address you entered in step 14.
■
hostname is the name of the computer.
■
domainname is the name of the domain.
For example:
10.10.10.10
mycomputer.mydomain.com
mycomputer
18. Check the network configuration:
Note:
a.
Domain name is optional.
Open System in the Control Panel, and select the Network Identification tab.
In Full computer name, make sure you see the host name and the domain
name, for example, sales.us.mycompany.com.
2-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Oracle Database Network Topics
b.
Click Properties.
In Computer name, you should see the host name, and in Full computer
name, you should see the host name and domain name. Using the previous
example, the host name would be sales and the domain would be
us.mycompany.com.
c.
Click More. In Primary DNS suffix of this computer, the domain name, for
example, us.mycompany.com, should appear.
d.
Exit the System Control Panel item.
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, or
Windows XP
To install a loopback adapter on Windows 2003, Windows Server 2003 R2, or
Windows XP:
1.
Open the Windows Control Panel.
2.
Double-click Add Hardware to start the Add Hardware wizard.
3.
In the Welcome window, click Next.
4.
In the Is the hardware connected? window, select Yes, I have already connected
the hardware, and click Next.
5.
In the The following hardware is already installed on your computer window, in
the list of installed hardware, select Add a new hardware device, and click Next.
6.
In the The wizard can help you install other hardware window, select Install the
hardware that I manually select from a list, and click Next.
7.
From the list of common hardware types, select Network adapters, and click Next.
8.
In the Select Network Adapter window, make the following selections:
9.
■
Manufacturer: Select Microsoft.
■
Network Adapter: Select Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
Click Next.
10. In the The wizard is ready to install your hardware window, click Next.
11. In the Completing the Add Hardware Wizard window, click Finish.
12. If you are using Windows 2003, restart your computer.
13. Right-click My Network Places on the desktop and choose Properties. This
displays the Network Connections Control Panel item.
14. Right-click the connection that was just created. This is usually named "Local Area
Connection 2". Choose Properties.
15. On the General tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), and click Properties.
16. In the Properties dialog box, click Use the following IP address and do the
following:
a.
b.
IP Address: Enter a non-routable IP for the loopback adapter. Oracle
recommends the following non-routable addresses:
–
192.168.x.x (x is any value between 0 and 255)
–
10.10.10.10
Subnet mask: Enter 255.255.255.0.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-17
Oracle Database Network Topics
c.
Record the values you entered, which you will need later in this procedure.
d.
Leave all other fields empty.
e.
Click OK.
17. Click Close.
18. Close Network Connections.
19. Restart the computer.
20. Add a line to the DRIVE_LETTER:\ WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file
with the following format, after the localhost line:
IP_address
hostname.domainname
hostname
where:
■
IP_address is the non-routable IP address you entered in step 16.
■
hostname is the name of the computer.
■
domainname is the name of the domain.
For example:
10.10.10.10
mycomputer.mydomain.com
mycomputer
21. Check the network configuration:
Note:
Domain name is optional.
a.
Open System in the Control Panel, and select the Computer Name tab. In Full
computer name, make sure you see the host name and the domain name, for
example, sales.us.mycompany.com.
b.
Click Change. In Computer name, you should see the host name, and in Full
computer name, you should see the host name and domain name. Using the
previous example, the host name would be sales and the domain would be
us.mycompany.com.
c.
Click More. In Primary DNS suffix of this computer, you should see the
domain name, for example, us.mycompany.com.
Installing a Loopback Adapter on Windows Vista
To install a loopback adapter on Windows Vista:
1.
Open the Windows Control Panel.
2.
Double-click Add Hardware to start the Add Hardware wizard.
3.
In the Welcome window, click Next.
4.
In the The wizard can help you install other hardware window, select Install the
hardware that I manually select from a list, and click Next.
5.
From the list of hardware types, select the type of hardware you are installing
window, select Network adapters, and click Next.
6.
In the Select Network Adapter window, make the following selections:
■
Manufacturer: Select Microsoft.
2-18 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
■
Network Adapter: Select Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
7.
Click Next.
8.
In the The wizard is ready to install your hardware window, click Next.
9.
In the Completing the Add Hardware Wizard window, click Finish.
The remaining steps are same as given for Windows XP.
Removing a Loopback Adapter
To remove a loopback adapter:
1.
Display System in the Windows Control Panel.
2.
In the Hardware tab, click Device Manager.
3.
In the Device Manager window, expand Network adapters. You should see
Microsoft Loopback Adapter.
4.
Right-click Microsoft Loopback Adapter and select Uninstall.
5.
Click OK.
6.
Restart the computer.
7.
Remove the line from the
DRIVE_LETTER:\WINNT\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file, added after the
localhost line while installing the loopback adapter on Windows 2000 and
DRIVE_LETTER:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file, added after the
localhost line while installing the loopback adapter on other Windows operating
systems.
Individual Component Requirements
This section contains these topics:
■
Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery Files
■
Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files
■
Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management Installation
■
Oracle Advanced Security Requirements
■
Oracle Enterprise Manager Requirements
■
Oracle Managed Files Requirements
■
Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC)
■
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer
■
Recommended System Requirements for SQL Developer
Configuring Disk Storage for Oracle Data Files and Recovery Files
This section describes the storage options for storing Oracle data files and, optionally,
Oracle database recovery files. After you choose the storage method that you want to
use for each file type, use the following sections to configure the required storage:
■
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Data Files
■
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database Recovery Files
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-19
Individual Component Requirements
■
Configuring Disk Storage
Note:
You do not have to use the same storage option for each type
of file.
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Data Files
If you want to create a database during the installation, you must choose one of the
following storage options for the data files:
■
File system
■
Automatic Storage Management
Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database Recovery Files
If you want to enable automated backups during the installation, you must choose one
of the following storage options for recovery files (the flash recovery area):
■
File system
■
Automatic Storage Management
The storage option that you choose for recovery files can be the same as or different to
the option you choose for the data files.
Configuring Disk Storage
For more information about these options, see the "Database Storage Options" section
on page 1-14. For information about how to configure disk storage before you start the
installation, see one of the following sections depending on your choice:
■
■
To use a file system for database or recovery file storage, see the "Creating
Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files" section on page 2-20.
To use Automatic Storage Management for database or recovery file storage, see
the "Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management Installation"
section on page 2-22.
Creating Directories for Oracle Data Files or Recovery Files
If you decide to place the Oracle database or recovery files on a file system, use the
following guidelines when deciding where to place them:
■
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Data Files on a File System
■
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Recovery Files on a File System
■
Creating Required Directories
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Data Files on a File System
■
You can choose either a single file system or more than one file system to store the
data files:
–
If you want to use a single file system, choose a file system on a physical
device that is dedicated to the database.
For best performance and reliability, choose a redundant array of independent
disks (RAID) device or a logical volume on more than one physical device and
implement the stripe and mirror everything (SAME) methodology.
2-20 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
–
If you want to use more than one file system, choose file systems on separate
physical devices that are dedicated to the database.
Select this method to distribute physical I/O and create separate control files
on different devices for increased reliability. It also enables full
implementation of the Optimal Flexible Architecture guidelines described in
Appendix B, "Optimal Flexible Architecture". You must choose either the
Advanced database creation option or the Custom installation type during the
installation to implement this method.
■
If you intend to create a preconfigured database during the installation, the file
system (or file systems) that you choose must have at least 950 MB of free disk
space.
For production databases, you must estimate the disk space requirement
depending how you plan to use database.
■
■
For optimum performance, the file systems that you choose should be on physical
devices that are used only by the database.
The default location suggested by Oracle Universal Installer for the database file
directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory. However, this default
location is not recommended for production databases.
Guidelines for Placing Oracle Recovery Files on a File System
Note: You must choose a location for recovery files only if you
intend to enable automated backups during the installation.
If you place the Oracle recovery files on a file system, use the following guidelines
when deciding where to place them:
■
To prevent disk failure from making both the data files and the recovery files
unavailable, place the recovery files in a file system on a different physical disk
from the data files.
Note: Alternatively, for both data files and recovery files, use an
Automatic Storage Management disk group.
■
The file system that you choose should have at least 2 GB of free disk space.
The disk space requirement is the default disk quota configured for the flash
recovery area (specified by the DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST_SIZE initialization
parameter).
If you choose the Custom installation type or the Advanced database
configuration option, you can specify a different disk quota value. After you create
the database, you can also use Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control or
Database Control to specify a different value.
See Also: Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide for more
information about the flash recovery area
■
The default location suggested by Oracle Universal Installer for the database file
directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory. However, this default
location is not recommended for production databases.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-21
Individual Component Requirements
Creating Required Directories
You must complete this procedure only if you want to place
the Oracle database or recovery files on a separate file system from the
Oracle base directory.
Note:
To create directories for the Oracle database or recovery files on separate file systems
from the Oracle base directory, follow these steps:
1.
Use Windows Explorer to determine the free disk space on the file system.
2.
From the display, identify the file systems that you want to use:
File Type
File System Requirements
Data files
Choose either:
■
■
Recovery files
A single file system with at least 950 MB of free disk space.
Two or more file systems with at least 950 MB of free disk
space in total.
Choose a file system with at least 2 GB of free disk space.
If you are using the same file system for more than one type of file, add the disk
space requirements for each type to determine the total disk space requirement.
3.
Note the names of the directories for the file systems that you identified.
4.
If you also want to use Automatic Storage Management, see "Preparing Disk
Groups for an Automatic Storage Management Installation" on page 2-22 for
instructions. Otherwise see the "Stopping Existing Oracle Services" section on
page 2-31.
Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management Installation
If you plan to use Automatic Storage Management to manage database files for your
databases, use the procedures in this section to prepare disk groups before you install
an Automatic Storage Management instance.
This section covers the following topics:
■
General Steps for Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management
Installation
■
Step 1: Identifying Storage Requirements for Automatic Storage Management
■
Step 2 (Optional): Using an Existing Automatic Storage Management Disk Group
■
■
Step 3: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Automatic Storage
Management Instance
Step 4: Manually Configuring Disks for Automatic Storage Management
General Steps for Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management
Installation
You will follow these general steps to configure Automatic Storage Management:
1.
Identify your site’s storage requirements.
2.
Optionally, use an existing Automatic Storage Management disk group.
2-22 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
3.
If you are creating a new Automatic Storage Management disk group, create
partitions for direct attached storage (DAS) or storage area network (SAN) disks.
4.
Use one of the following methods to complete the Automatic Storage Management
configuration:
■
■
If you plan to install Oracle Database using interactive mode, Oracle Universal
Installer prompts you for the Automatic Storage Management disk
configuration information during the installation.
If you plan to install Oracle Database using silent or noninteractive mode, you
will need to manually configure the disks before performing the installation.
Step 1: Identifying Storage Requirements for Automatic Storage Management
To identify the storage requirements for using Automatic Storage Management, you
must determine how many devices and the amount of free disk space that you require.
To complete this task, follow these steps:
1.
Determine whether you want to use Automatic Storage Management for Oracle
data files, recovery files, or both.
You do not have to use the same storage mechanism for data
file and recovery files. One storage mechanism can use the file system
while the other uses Automatic Storage Management. If you plan to
use Automatic Storage Management for both data files and recovery
files, you should create separate Automatic Storage Management disk
groups for the data files and the recovery files.
Note:
If you plan to enable automated backups during the installation, you can choose
Automatic Storage Management as the storage mechanism for recovery files by
specifying an Automatic Storage Management disk group for the flash recovery
area. Depending how you choose to create a database during the installation, you
have the following options:
■
If you select an installation method that runs Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant in interactive mode, by choosing the Advanced database
configuration option for example, then you can decide whether you want to
use the same Automatic Storage Management disk group for data files and
recovery files, or you can choose to use different disk groups for each file type.
Ideally, you should create separate Automatic Storage Management disk
groups for data files and recovery files.
The same choice is available to you if you use Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant after the installation to create a database.
■
2.
If you select an installation type that runs Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant in noninteractive mode, then you must use the same Automatic
Storage Management disk group for data files and recovery files.
Decide on the Automatic Storage Management redundancy level that you want to
use for each Automatic Storage Management disk group you will create.
The redundancy level that you choose for the Automatic Storage Management
disk group determines how Automatic Storage Management mirrors files in the
disk group and determines the number of disks and amount of disk space that you
require. The redundancy levels are as follows:
■
External redundancy
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-23
Individual Component Requirements
An external redundancy disk group requires a minimum of one disk device.
The effective disk space in an external redundancy disk group is the sum of
the disk space in all of its devices.
Because Automatic Storage Management does not mirror data in an external
redundancy disk group, Oracle recommends that you use only RAID or
similar devices that provide their own data protection mechanisms as disk
devices in this type of disk group.
■
Normal redundancy
In a normal redundancy disk group, by default Automatic Storage
Management uses two-way mirroring for data files and three-way mirroring
for control files, to increase performance and reliability. Alternatively, you can
use two-way mirroring or no mirroring. A normal redundancy disk group
requires a minimum of two failure groups (or two disk devices) if you are
using two-way mirroring. The effective disk space in a normal redundancy
disk group is half the sum of the disk space in all of its devices.
For most installations, Oracle recommends that you use normal redundancy
disk groups.
■
High redundancy
In a high redundancy disk group, Automatic Storage Management uses
three-way mirroring to increase performance and provide the highest level of
reliability. A high redundancy disk group requires a minimum of three disk
devices (or three failure groups). The effective disk space in a high
redundancy disk group is one-third the sum of the disk space in all of its
devices.
While high redundancy disk groups do provide a high level of data
protection, you must consider the higher cost of additional storage devices
before deciding to use this redundancy level.
3.
Determine the total amount of disk space that you require for the data files and
recovery files.
Use the following table to determine the minimum number of disks and the
minimum disk space requirements for the installation:
Redundancy
Level
Minimum Number
of Disks
Data Files
Recovery
FIles
Both File
Types
External
1
1.6 GB
2.95 GB
4.55 GB
Normal
2
3.2 GB
5.90 GB
9.10 GB
High
3
4.8 GB
8.85 GB
13.65 GB
If an Automatic Storage Management instance is already on the system, you can
use an existing disk group to meet these storage requirements. If necessary, you
can add disks to an existing disk group during the installation.
The following step describes how to identify existing disk groups and determine
the free disk space that they contain.
4.
Optionally identify failure groups for the Automatic Storage Management disk
group devices.
2-24 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
You need to complete this step only if you intend to use an
installation method that runs Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
in interactive mode, for example, if you intend to choose the Custom
installation type or the Advanced database configuration option.
Other installation types do not allow you to specify failure groups.
Note:
If you intend to use a normal or high redundancy disk group, you can further
protect your database against hardware failure by associating a set of disk devices
in a custom failure group. By default, each device comprises its own failure group.
However, if two disk devices in a normal redundancy disk group are attached to
the same SCSI controller, the disk group becomes unavailable if the controller
fails. The controller in this example is a single point of failure.
To avoid failures of this type, you could use two SCSI controllers, each with two
disks, and define a failure group for the disks attached to each controller. This
configuration would enable the disk group to tolerate the failure of one SCSI
controller.
If you define custom failure groups, you must specify a
minimum of two failure groups for normal redundancy disk groups
and three failure groups for high redundancy disk groups.
Note:
5.
If you are sure that a suitable disk group does not exist on the system, install or
identify appropriate disk devices to add to a new disk group. Use the following
guidelines when identifying appropriate disk devices:
■
■
■
All of the devices in an Automatic Storage Management disk group should be
the same size and have the same performance characteristics.
Do not specify more than one partition on a single physical disk as a disk
group device. Automatic Storage Management expects each disk group device
to be on a separate physical disk.
Although you can specify a logical volume as a device in an Automatic
Storage Management disk group, Oracle does not recommend their use.
Logical volume managers can hide the physical disk architecture, preventing
Automatic Storage Management from optimizing I/O across the physical
devices.
"Step 4: Manually Configuring Disks for Automatic
Storage Management" on page 2-29 for information about completing
this task
See Also:
Step 2 (Optional): Using an Existing Automatic Storage Management Disk Group
If you want to use Automatic Storage Management as the storage option for either
database or recovery files, and an existing Automatic Storage Management disk group
exists, you have the following choices, depending on the installation method that you
select:
■
If you select an installation method that runs Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant in interactive mode, by choosing the Advanced database configuration
option for example, you can decide whether you want to create a new disk group
or use an existing one.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-25
Individual Component Requirements
The same choice is available to you if you use Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant after the installation to create a database.
■
If you select an installation type that runs Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
in noninteractive mode, you must choose an existing disk group for the new
database. You cannot create a new disk group. However, you can add disk devices
to an existing disk group if it has insufficient free space for your requirements.
The Automatic Storage Management instance that manages
the existing disk group can be running in a different Oracle home
directory.
Note:
To determine whether an existing Automatic Storage Management disk group exists,
or to determine whether there is sufficient disk space in a disk group, you can use
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control or Database Controlon Windows-32 Bit
systems. You can use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control only on Windows
x64 systems.. Alternatively, you can use the following procedure:
1.
In the Services Control Panel, make sure that the OracleASMService+ASM service
has started.
2.
Open a Windows command prompt and temporarily set the ORACLE_SID
environment variable to specify the appropriate value for the Automatic Storage
Management instance that you want to use.
For example, if the Automatic Storage Management SID, which is named +ASM, is
located in the asm directory, you would enter the following setting:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>set ORACLE_SID=+ASM
3.
Connect to the Automatic Storage Management instance as the SYS user with the
SYSASM privilege and start the instance if necessary:
DRIVE_LETTER:\>sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSASM
Enter password: SYS_password
SQL> STARTUP
4.
Enter the following command to view the existing disk groups, their redundancy
level, and the amount of free disk space in each one:
SQL> SELECT NAME,TYPE,TOTAL_MB,FREE_MB FROM V$ASM_DISKGROUP;
5.
From the output, identify a disk group with the appropriate redundancy level and
note the free space that it contains.
6.
If necessary, install, or identify the additional disk devices required to meet the
storage requirements listed in the previous section.
If you are adding devices to an existing disk group, Oracle
recommends that you use devices that have the same size and
performance characteristics as the existing devices in that disk group.
Note:
2-26 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
Step 3: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Automatic Storage Management
Instance
In order to use a DAS or SAN disk in Automatic Storage Management, the disk must
have a partition table. Oracle recommends creating exactly one partition for each disk
containing the entire disk.
You can use any physical disk for Automatic Storage
Management, as long as it is partitioned. However, you cannot use
NAS or Microsoft dynamic disks.
Note:
This section covers the following topics.
■
■
Step 1: Enabling Disk Automounting for Windows Server 2003 or Windows Server
2003 R2
Step 2: Creating the Disk Partitions
Step 1: Enabling Disk Automounting for Windows Server 2003 or Windows
Server 2003 R2
Before you can configure partitions or logical drives on Windows Server 2003 or
Windows Server 2003 R2, you must enable disk automounting. Enable disk
automounting when using:
■
Disk partitions on both single-instance and Oracle RAC installations
■
Cluster file system for Oracle RAC
■
Oracle Clusterware
■
Raw partitions for a single-node database installation
■
Primary or logical partitions for Automatic Storage Management
To enable automounting:
1.
Enter the following commands at a command prompt:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> diskpart
DISKPART> automount enable
DISKPART> exit
2.
Restart your computer.
Step 2: Creating the Disk Partitions
To create disk partitions, use the disk administration tools provided by the operating
system or third party vendors. The following administration tools are provided by the
operating system:
■
The graphical user interface Disk Management snap-in to manage disks.
To access this tool, type diskmgmt.msc at the command prompt. Alternatively,
from the Start menu, select Programs, then Administrative Tools, then Computer
Management. Then select the Disk Management node in the Storage tree.
On Windows Vista, create primary partitions and logical drives in extended
partitions by selecting the New Simple Volume option. To create a raw device,
assign a drive letter and remove the letter after the partition is created. For other
Windows, there is no need to assign the drive letter. You must select Do not
format this partition to specify raw partition. Do not use spanned volumes or
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-27
Individual Component Requirements
striped volumes. These options will convert the volume to a dynamic disk.
Automatic Storage Management does not support dynamic disks.
For other Windows, create primary partitions by selecting the New Partition
option. Create the logical drives by selecting the New Logical Drive option.
■
The command line tool diskpart.exe, which lets you create primary partitions,
extended partitions, and logical drives.
Diskpart.exe is supported on Windows 2000, Windows 2003, Windows Server
2003 R2, Windows XP, and Windows Vista. This tool is not included with the
Windows 2000 operating system. You can download it from the Microsoft
Windows 2000 Resource Kit. The examples in this section use diskpart.exe.
To access this tool, enter diskpart.exe at the command prompt. The syntax for
using diskpart.exe for the procedures in this section is as follows:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> diskpart
DISKPART> select disk diskn
DISKPART> create partition primary | extended | logical size=sizen
DISKPART>
where:
■
diskpart.exe is the command line tool for managing disks.
■
diskn is the disk number where the partitions are created.
■
sizen is the size of the partition, for example 500 represents 500 MB.
See Also: The online help or documentation for the administration
tool you are using
You can enter the diskpart.exe commands directly at the command line;
alternatively, you can enter the commands in a text file, and then run diskpart /s
using this file as a script.
You cannot create more than four primary disk partitions per disk. If you need more,
you can get around this limitation by creating three primary partitions and then
creating the fourth partition as an extended partition with as many logical partitions
within as you need.
For example, on Windows x86-based systems, to create the disk partitions on Disk 5
and assign them each a size:
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
select
create
...
create
create
...
create
disk 5
partition primary size=500
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
DISKPART>
select disk 5
create partition primary size=500
...
create partition primary size=800
partition extended
partition logical size=800
partition logical size=500
If you prefer to use logical drives, you can create an extended partition and then
assign the logical drives within it. For example:
DISKPART> create partition extended
DISKPART> create partition logical size=500
2-28 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Individual Component Requirements
DISKPART> create partition logical size=700
Step 4: Manually Configuring Disks for Automatic Storage Management
To use Automatic Storage Management with direct attached storage (DAS) or storage
area network (SAN) storage, the disks must be stamped with a header. If you install
Oracle Database in interactive mode, Oracle Universal Installer configures the disks’
headers during the installation process. However, if you plan to install Oracle
Database in noninteractive mode, you need to manually configure the disks before
installation by using either asmtoolg (GUI version) or asmtool (command-line
version). You can also use these tools to reconfigure the disks later on after installation.
The asmtoolg and asmtool utilities only work on partitioned disks—you cannot use
Automatic Storage Management on unpartitioned disks.
The asmtoolg and asmtool tools associate meaningful, persistent names with disks to
facilitate using those disks with Automatic Storage Management. Automatic Storage
Management uses disk strings to more easily operate on groups of disks at once, so the
names that asmtoolg or asmtool creates make this easier than using Windows drive
letters.
All disk names created by asmtoolg or asmtool begin with the prefix ORCLDISK
followed by a user-defined prefix (the default is DATA) and a disk number for
identification purposes.
Using the asmtoolg Tool (Graphical User Interface)
The asmtoolg tool is a graphical interface for creating device names. Use asmtoolg to
add, change, delete, and examine the devices available for use in Automatic Storage
Management.
To add or change disk stamps:
1.
In the installation media labeled Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), from the
media root, go to asmtool directory and double-click asmtoolg.
If Oracle Database is already installed, go to ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin and
double-click asmtoolg.
On Windows Vista, if UAC is enabled, then you need to create a desktop shortcut
to a DOS command window. Open the command window through the Run as
Administrator, right-click context menu, and launch asmtoolg.
2.
Select the Add or change label option, then click Next.
The asmtoolg tool will show the devices available on the system. Unrecognized
disks are labeled as "Candidate device", stamped Automatic Storage Management
disks as "Stamped ASM disk", and unstamped Automatic Storage Management
disks as "Unstamped ASM disks." The tool also shows disks that are recognized by
Windows as a file system (such as NTFS). These are not available for use as disks
and cannot be selected. In addition, Microsoft Dynamic disks are not available for
use as ASM disks.
If necessary, follow the steps under "Step 3: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions
for an Automatic Storage Management Instance" on page 2-27 to create a disk
partition for the ASM instance.
3.
In the Stamp Disks window, select the disks to stamp.
Automatic Storage Management can generate unique stamps for all of the devices
selected for a given prefix. The stamps are generated by concatenating a number
with the prefix specified. For example, if the prefix is DATA, then the first
Automatic Storage Management link name is ORCLDISKDATA0.
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-29
Individual Component Requirements
You can also specify the stamps of individual devices.
4.
Optionally, select a disk to edit the individual stamp (Automatic Storage
Management link name).
5.
Click Next.
6.
Click Finish.
To delete disk stamps:
1.
Select the Delete labels option, then click Next.
The delete option is only available if disks exist with stamps. The delete window
shows all stamped Automatic Storage Management disks.
2.
In the Delete Stamps window, select the disks to unstamp.
3.
Click Next.
4.
Click Finish.
Using the asmtool Utility (Command Line)
The asmtool utility is a command-line interface for stamping disks. On Windows
Vista, if UAC is enabled, then you need to create a desktop shortcut to a DOS
command window. Open the command window through the Run as Administrator,
right-click context menu, and launch asmtool. It has the following options:
Option
Description
Example
-add
Adds or changes stamps. You must
specify the hard disk, partition, and new
stamp name. If the disk is a raw device or
has an existing Automatic Storage
Management stamp, then you must
specify the -force option. Also sets ASM
instances to rescan the available disks.
asmtool -add [-force]
\Device\Harddisk1\Partition1 ORCLDISKASM0
\Device\Harddisk2\Partition1 ORCLDISKASM2...
If you need to partition a disk, follow the
procedures under "Step 3: Creating DAS
or SAN Disk Partitions for an Automatic
Storage Management Instance" on
page 2-27.
-addprefix
Adds or changes stamps using a common asmtool -addprefix ORCLDISKASM [-force]
prefix to generate stamps automatically.
\Device\Harddisk1\Partition1
The stamps are generated by
\Device\Harddisk2\Partition1...
concatenating a number with the prefix
specified. If the disk is a raw device or has
an existing Automatic Storage
Management stamp, then you must
specify the -force option. Also sets ASM
instances to rescan the available disks
-list
List available disks. The stamp, windows
device name, and disk size in megabytes
are shown. Some disks may be file
systems, and cannot be stamped. If the
disk is a raw device or has an existing
ASM stamp, then you must specify the
-force option.
-delete
Removes existing stamps from disks. Also asmtool -delete ORCLDISKASM0 ORCLDISKASM1...
sets ASM instances to rescan the available
disks
2-30 Oracle Database Installation Guide
asmtool -list [-force]
Individual Component Requirements
Stopping Existing Oracle Services
Note: If you are installing additional Oracle Database components in
an existing Oracle home, stop all processes running in the Oracle
home. You must complete this task to enable Oracle Universal
Installer to relink certain executables and libraries.
If you choose to create a database during the installation, most installation types
configure and start a default Oracle Net listener using TCP/IP port 1521 and the IPC
key value EXTPROC. However, if an existing Oracle Net listener process is using the
same port or key value, Oracle Universal Installer can only configure the new listener;
it cannot start it. To ensure that the new listener process starts during the installation,
you must shut down any existing listeners before starting Oracle Universal Installer.
See Also:
"Stopping Oracle Services" on page 6-3
Oracle Advanced Security Requirements
Satisfy hardware and software requirements so that you can use authentication
support with Oracle components. Some Oracle Advanced Security components can
use a Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) directory such as Oracle Internet
Directory.
See Also:
Oracle Database Advanced Security Administrator's Guide
Oracle Enterprise Manager Requirements
All Oracle Enterprise Manager products must be the same release. Older versions of
Enterprise Manager are not supported with the new release.
All Oracle Enterprise Manager products, except Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control, are released on the Enterprise
Manager Grid Control installation media. Enterprise Manager
Database Control is available on the Oracle Database installation
media.
Note:
See Also: Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic
Configuration available on the Enterprise Manager Grid Control
installation media for Oracle Database installation on Windows 32-bit
-based systems
Oracle Managed Files Requirements
If you choose the Custom installation type or the Advanced database creation option,
you can use the Oracle Managed Files feature with the new database. If you use this
feature, you need only specify the database object name instead of file names when
creating or deleting database files. Configuration procedures are required to enable
Oracle Managed Files.
See Also: "Using Oracle Managed Files" in Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide
Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements 2-31
Individual Component Requirements
Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC)
If you plan to install Oracle RAC, you must first install Oracle Clusterware.
See Also: Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for
Microsoft Windows and Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide for Microsoft
Windows, available on the Oracle Clusterware installation media
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) Writer
Oracle Volume Shadow Copy Service Writer is supported on Windows 2003 and
Windows Server 2003 R2. If user has only one database per system, it works with
Windows 2003 server even if Service Pack 1 is not installed. If user has more than one
Oracle database on a system, then Service Pack 1 is required.
See Also: "Performing Database Backup and Recovery with VSS" in
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
Recommended System Requirements for SQL Developer
Following are the recommended CPU, memory, and display requirements on the
supported systems for SQL Developer:
Resource
Recommended
Operating System
Windows 2000-Service Pack 4 (32-Bit only)
Windows Server 2003 R2
Windows XP-Service Pack 2
CPU Type and Speed
Pentium IV 2 GHz or faster
Memory
1 GB RAM
Display
65536 colors, set to at least 1024 X 768
resolution
Java SDK
JDK 5.0 Update 6 or later
2-32 Oracle Database Installation Guide
3
3
Installing Oracle Database
You can use 32-Bit media for installing Oracle Database on all supported operating
systems. You can use 64-Bit media for installing Oracle Database on all supported
operating systems. This guide is for both Windows 32-Bit and Windows x64. This
chapter covers the following topics:
■
Preinstallation Considerations for Installing Oracle Database
■
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
■
Accessing the Installation Software
■
Database Security Options
■
Installing the Oracle Database Software
■
Installing Automatic Storage Management
■
Cloning an Oracle Home
Preinstallation Considerations for Installing Oracle Database
The Oracle Database software is available on installation media or you can download
it from the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) Web site. In most cases, you use the
graphical user interface (GUI) provided by Oracle Universal Installer to install the
software. However, you can also use Oracle Universal Installer without the GUI by
supplying a response file with silent or noninteractive mode.
Windows Vista requires Administrator privileges at the
command prompt.
Note:
"Managing User Accounts with User Account Control on
Windows Vista"
See Also:
Complete the requirements described in Chapter 2, "Oracle Database Preinstallation
Requirements" and "Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines" on
page 3-3 before you begin the installation.
Next, consider the following issues:
■
Installation Consideration on Windows Vista
■
Performing Multiple Oracle Database Installations
■
Installing onto Systems That Already Have Oracle Components
■
Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements
Installing Oracle Database 3-1
Preinstallation Considerations for Installing Oracle Database
Installation Consideration on Windows Vista
The installation consideration on Windows Vista is to open a command prompt with
Administrator privileges.
Performing Multiple Oracle Database Installations
If you need to perform multiple installations of Oracle Database, you may want to use
either of the following methods to install Oracle Database:
■
Response files: At each node, you run Oracle Universal Installer from the
command line using silent or noninteractive mode and you supply a response file
to provide information Oracle Universal Installer will need. The response file is a
text file containing the settings you normally enter in the Oracle Universal
Installer GUI dialog boxes.
Appendix C, "Installing and Configuring Oracle Database
Using Response Files"
See Also:
■
Cloning the Oracle home of an existing Oracle Database installation: With this
method, you install one instance of Oracle Database, and then clone its Oracle
home for each additional installation.
See Also:
"Cloning an Oracle Home" on page 3-21
Installing onto Systems That Already Have Oracle Components
See Also:
■
■
"Upgrade Considerations" on page 1-20 before running Oracle
Universal Installer
"Pre-Installation Tasks for Installing Oracle Real Applications
Clusters on Windows-Based Systems" in Oracle Real Application
Clusters Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows before running
Oracle Universal Installer
Follow these steps when other components exist on your computer:
1.
Log on as a member of the Administrators group for the computer on which you
want to install Oracle components.
If you are installing on a Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or a Backup Domain
Controller (BDC), log on as a member of the Domain Administrators group.
2.
Delete the ORACLE_HOME environment variable if it exists. See the Microsoft online
help for more information about deleting environment variables.
The ORACLE_HOME environment variable is automatically set in
the registry. Manually setting this variable prevents installation.
Note:
3.
Back up any databases you need to upgrade. Review "Upgrade Considerations" on
page 1-20.
4.
If you are installing in an existing Oracle Database 11g release 1 (11.1) home, stop
all Oracle services making use of this Oracle home.
3-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
If any Oracle services (their names begin with Ora) exist and have the status
Started, then stop them. In particular, ensure that all Oracle listener services are
stopped.
See Also: Your Microsoft online help for more information about
stopping services
Installing with Minimum Memory Requirements
Installations of Oracle Database on computers with RAM and virtual memory lesser
than the minimum required have the following limitations:
■
■
Computers cannot run Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant, Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant, or Oracle Net Services Configuration Assistant during an
Oracle Universal Installer installation session.
Depending on how many applications are running on the computer, you may
need to further increase the paging file size or reduce the size of the System Global
Area (SGA) if you run out of virtual memory. If temporary files and the paging file
are both stored on the same physical drive, the space requirements for one may
limit the size of another. If your system has limited free space, first install the
Oracle Database software. After the installation is finished, create a database with
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant.
Do not install the database on computer systems that barely meet the minimum
memory and virtual memory requirements, 1 GB. Depending on the installation type
you choose, follow these guidelines:
■
■
■
■
Select Basic Installation and deselect Create Starter Database.
Select Advanced Installation, select Do not create a starter database from the
Select Database Configuration screen.
Select Advanced Installation, select the Custom installation type from the Select
Installation Type screen, and select No on the Create Database screen when
prompted to create the database.
Cancel Oracle Database Configuration Assistant from the Configuration Assistants
screen.
After installation, run the appropriate configuration assistant for your needs:
■
■
To create a new database, run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant. From the
Start menu, select Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Configuration
and Migration Tools, then Database Configuration Assistant.
To upgrade an existing database, run Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant. From
the Start menu, select Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Configuration
and Migration Tools, then Database Upgrade Assistant.
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
Review the following guidelines before starting Oracle Universal Installer:
■
Oracle Universal Installer
Do not use Oracle Universal Installer from an earlier Oracle release to install
components from this release.
■
Installations on a cluster
Installing Oracle Database 3-3
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
If Oracle Clusterware or Oracle RAC is already installed on the system, Oracle
Universal Installer displays the Specify Hardware Cluster Installation Mode
screen. You must select Local Installation on this screen, unless you want to
install Oracle RAC.
See Also: Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for
Microsoft Windows, available on the Oracle Clusterware installation
media
■
Products not installed by default: select Advanced Installation and then the
Custom installation type. These products are:
–
Oracle Label Security
To configure Oracle Label Security to use Oracle Internet Directory, choose the
Oracle Internet Directory option when running Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant. If you are installing Oracle Label Security in an existing Oracle
home, then shut down each database in the Oracle home.
■
–
Oracle Database Vault
–
Oracle Connection Manager
–
Oracle COM Automation feature
–
Oracle Windows Interfaces
–
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
Reinstalling Oracle software
If you reinstall Oracle software into an Oracle home directory where Oracle
Database is already installed, you must also reinstall any components, such as
Oracle Partitioning, that were installed before you begin the reinstallation.
Selecting the Database Character Set
Oracle Database uses the database character set for:
■
Data stored in SQL character datatypes (CHAR, VARCHAR2, CLOB, and LONG).
■
Identifiers such as table names, column names, and PL/SQL variables.
■
Stored SQL and PL/SQL source code, including text literals embedded in this
code.
Once a database is created, changing its character set is usually very expensive in
terms of time and resources. Such operation may require converting all character data
by exporting the whole database and importing it back. Therefore, it is important that
you carefully select the database character set already at installation time.
Oracle recommends Unicode AL32UTF8 as the database character set. Unicode is the
universal character set that supports most of the currently spoken languages of the
world. It also supports many historical scripts (alphabets). Unicode is the native
encoding of many technologies, including Java, XML, XHTML, ECMAScript, LDAP.
Unicode is ideally suited for databases supporting the Internet and the global
economy.
As AL32UTF8 is a multibyte character set, database operations on character data may
be slightly slower when compared to single-byte database character sets, such as
WE8MSWIN1252. Storage space requirements for text in most languages that use
characters outside of the ASCII repertoire are higher in AL32UTF8 compared to legacy
character sets supporting the language. Note that the increase in storage space
3-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
concerns only character data and only data that is not in English. The universality and
flexibility of Unicode usually outweighs these additional costs.
Legacy character sets should be considered when compatibility, storage requirements,
or performance of text processing is critical and the database will ever support only a
single group of languages. The database character set to be selected in such case is the
character set of most clients connecting to this database.
The default character set suggested or used by Oracle Universal Installer and Database
Configuration Assistant in this release is based on the language configuration of the
operating system.
For most languages, the default character set is one of the Microsoft Windows
character sets, for example WE8MSWIN1252. It is noteworthy that the same default is
used by the database installation process on Unix-based platforms. This results from
the assumption that most clients connecting to the database run under the Microsoft
Windows operating system. As the database should be able to store all characters
coming from the clients and Microsoft Windows character sets have richer character
repertoire than the corresponding ISO 8859 character sets, the Microsoft Windows
character sets are usually the better choice. For example, the EE8MSWIN1250 character
set supports the Euro currency symbol and various smart quote characters, while the
corresponding EE8ISO8859P2 character set does not support them. In any case, Oracle
converts the data between the database character set and the client character sets,
which are declared by the NLS_LANG settings.
The list of database character sets that is presented to you for selection by Oracle
Universal Installer contains only the recommended character sets. Even though Oracle
Database supports many more character sets, they are either deprecated or they are
binary subsets of another recommended character set. For example, WE8DEC is a
deprecated character set and US7ASCII and WE8ISO8859P1 are both binary subsets of
WE8MSWIN1252.
If, for compatibility reasons, you need to create a database in one of the
non-recommended character sets, choose the Custom installation type or choose the
Advanced database configuration option. Database Configuration Assistant in the
interactive mode will give you the opportunity to select any of the database character
sets supported on Windows.
Installing the Sample Schemas
The Sample Schemas are not available in Basic Installation. There are two instances
where the Sample Schemas are available:
■
■
When a new database instance is created with the Database Configuration
Assistant, the Sample Schemas can be installed. However, do not select Custom
database. Sample Schemas are not available with a custom installation.
When a new database instance is created with the Oracle Universal Installer, select
either Enterprise Edition or Standard Edition, then select one of the two templates:
General Purpose/Transaction Processing or Data Warehouse. The Sample
Schemas can be installed. However, if you select the Advanced option on the
Select Database Configuration screen, then the Sample Schemas are not available
for installation.
See Oracle Database Sample Schemas for information about manually installing the
Sample Schemas in an existing database.
Installing Oracle Database 3-5
Accessing the Installation Software
Accessing the Installation Software
The Oracle Database software is available on installation media, or you can download
it from the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) Web site. You can access and install
Oracle Database by using the following scenarios:
■
Installing from a Remote DVD Drive
■
Installing on Remote Computers Through Remote Access Software
■
Downloading Oracle Software from the Oracle Technology Network Web Site
■
Copying the Oracle Database Software to a Hard Disk
Installing from a Remote DVD Drive
If the computer where you want to install Oracle Database does not have a DVD drive,
you can perform the installation from a remote DVD drive. You will need to complete
the following steps:
■
Step 1: On the Remote Computer, Share the DVD Drive
■
Step 2: On the Local Computer, Map the DVD Drive
Step 1: On the Remote Computer, Share the DVD Drive
The remote DVD drive that you want to use must allow shared access. To set this up,
perform these steps on the remote computer that has the DVD drive:
1.
Log in to the remote computer as an Administrator user.
2.
Start Windows Explorer.
3.
Right-click the DVD drive letter and select Sharing (or Sharing and Security).
4.
Click the Sharing tab and do the following:
5.
a.
Select Share this folder.
b.
In Share name, give it a share name such as dvd. You will use this name when
you map the DVD drive on the local computer. Under "Step 2: On the Local
Computer, Map the DVD Drive" on page 3-6 see Step d under Step 1.
c.
Click Permissions. You need at least read permission for the user who will be
accessing the drive to install Oracle Database.
d.
Click OK when you are finished.
Insert the Oracle Database installation media into the DVD drive.
Step 2: On the Local Computer, Map the DVD Drive
Perform these steps on the local computer to map a remote DVD drive and to run
Oracle Universal Installer from the mapped drive:
1.
Map the remote DVD drive.
a.
Start Windows Explorer on the local computer.
b.
From the Tools menu, select Map Network Drive to display the Map
Network Drive dialog box.
c.
Select a drive letter to use for the remote DVD drive.
d.
In Folder, enter the location of the remote DVD drive using the following
format:
3-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Accessing the Installation Software
\\remote_hostname\share_name
where:
–
remote_hostname is the name of the remote computer with the DVD drive.
–
share_name is the share name that you entered in Step 4 of the previous
procedure. For example:
\\computer2\dvd
e.
If you need to connect to the remote computer as a different user, click
different user name, and enter the user name.
f.
Click Finish.
2.
Run Oracle Universal Installer from the mapped DVD drive.
3.
Go to the "Installing the Oracle Database Software" section on page 3-9.
Installing on Remote Computers Through Remote Access Software
If you want to install and run Oracle Database on a remote computer (that is, the
remote computer has the hard drive and will run Oracle Database components), but
you do not have physical access to the computer, you still can perform the installation
on the remote computer if it is running remote access software such as VNC or
Symantec pcAnywhere. You also need the remote access software running on your
local computer.
You can install Oracle Database on the remote computer in one of two ways:
■
■
If you have copied the contents of the Oracle Database DVD to a hard drive, you
can install the software from the hard drive.
You can insert the DVD into a drive on your local computer, and install the
software from the DVD.
Installing on Remote Computers from a Hard Drive
If you have copied the contents of the Oracle Database DVD to a hard drive, you can
install the software from the hard drive.
To install the software on a remote computer from a hard drive:
1.
Make sure that the remote access software is installed and running on the remote
and local computers.
2.
Share the hard drive that contains the Oracle Database DVD.
3.
On the remote computer, map a drive letter to the shared hard drive. You use the
remote access software to do this on the remote computer.
4.
Through the remote access software, run Oracle Universal Installer on the remote
computer. You access Oracle Universal Installer from the shared hard drive.
5.
Go to the "Installing the Oracle Database Software" section on page 3-9.
Installing on Remote Computers from a Remote DVD Drive
You can insert the DVD into a drive on your local computer, and install from the DVD.
To install the software on a remote computer from a remote DVD drive:
1.
Make sure that the remote access software is installed and running on the remote
and local computers.
Installing Oracle Database 3-7
Accessing the Installation Software
2.
On the local computer, share the DVD drive.
On the remote computer, map a drive letter to the shared DVD drive. You use the
remote access software to do this on the remote computer.
These steps are described in the "Installing from a Remote DVD Drive" section on
page 3-6.
3.
Through the remote access software, run Oracle Universal Installer on the remote
computer. You access Oracle Universal Installer from the shared DVD drive.
4.
Go to the "Installing the Oracle Database Software" section on page 3-9.
Downloading Oracle Software from the Oracle Technology Network Web Site
You can download the installation files from the Oracle Technology Network (OTN)
and extract them on your hard disk.
To download the installation files:
1.
Use a browser to access the Oracle Technology Network software download page:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/indexes/downloads/index.html
2.
Navigate to each of the download pages for the product that you want to install.
3.
On each download page, identify the required disk space by adding the file sizes
for each required file. The file sizes are listed next to the file names.
4.
Select a file system with enough free space to store and expand the files. In most
cases, the available disk space must be at least twice the size of each compressed
file.
5.
On the file system that you just selected, create a parent directory for each product
you plan to install, for example OraDB11g, to hold the installation directories.
6.
Download all of the installation files to the directories that you just created.
7.
Verify that the files you downloaded are the same size as the corresponding files
on Oracle Technology Network.
8.
Extract the files in each directory that you just created.
9.
After you have extracted the required installation files, see the "Installing the
Oracle Database Software" section on page 3-9.
Copying the Oracle Database Software to a Hard Disk
To copy the contents of the installation media to a hard disk:
1.
Create a directory on your hard drive. For example:
c:\> mkdir \install
c:\> mkdir \install\database
2.
Copy the contents of the installation media to the directory that you just created.
3.
After you have copied all of the required installation files, see the "Installing the
Oracle Database Software" section on page 3-9.
3-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Database Security Options
During installation, you are prompted to select a database security configuration. The
Secure Configuration option configures the database with database auditing options,
and password policy and expiration settings.
For new database installations, the default configuration for Oracle Database 11g
Release 1 (11.1) includes the Secure Configuration option. If you want to disable these
enhanced security controls, then you can check the Disable security settings check
box. Oracle Database is then installed with default options for Oracle Database 10g
release 2. After installation, you can change security settings by starting DBCA and
modifying security settings. You can enable or disable auditing or password security
settings, or revert to a previous security setting.
For database upgrades, the upgraded database retains your existing database security
configuration, to ensure compatibility with existing applications. After installation,
you can use DBCA to enable or disable the Secure Configuration option for testing.
Note:
■
■
Oracle strongly recommends configuring your database with the
Secure Configuration option either during installation, or after
installation using DBCA.
If Oracle Database Vault is installed with the database, there is no
need to check for secure configuration as the database is secured.
Installing the Oracle Database Software
In most cases, you use the graphical user interface (GUI) provided by Oracle Universal
Installer to install Oracle Database. The instructions in this section explain how to run
the Oracle Universal Installer GUI to perform most database installations.
If you run Oracle Universal Installer during the time that
Windows Scheduler jobs are running, then you may encounter
unexplained installation problems if your Windows Scheduler job is
performing cleanup, and temporary files are deleted before the
installation is finished. Oracle recommends that you complete
installation before the Windows Scheduler jobs are run, or disable
Windows Scheduler jobs that perform cleanup of temporary files until
after the installation is completed.
Note:
See Also:
■
■
"Installing Automatic Storage Management" on page 3-15 if you
want to install Oracle Database and use Automatic Storage
Management
Appendix C, "Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using
Response Files" if you want to install Oracle Database using
response files and silent or noninteractive mode, without the GUI.
It also explains how to clone an existing Oracle home. These
methods are useful if you need to perform multiple installations
of Oracle Database.
To install the Oracle Database software:
Installing Oracle Database 3-9
Installing the Oracle Database Software
1.
Log on as a member of the Administrators group to the computer on which you
want to install Oracle components.
If you are installing on a Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or a Backup Domain
Controller (BDC), log on as a member of the Domain Administrators group.
2.
If you are installing Oracle Database on a computer with multple Network
Interface Cards or multiple aliases, use System in the Control Panel to create the
ORACLE_HOSTNAME system environment variable. Set this variable to point to the
host name of the computer on which you are installing Oracle Database.
See Also:
■
■
■
3.
"Setting the ORACLE_HOSTNAME Environment Variable" on
page 2-13
"Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP
Addresses" on page 2-13
"Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases"
on page 2-13
Insert Oracle Database installation media and navigate to the database directory.
Alternatively, navigate to the directory where you downloaded or copied the
installation files.
Use the same installation media to install Oracle Database on all supported
Windows operating systems.
4.
Double-click setup.exe to start Oracle Universal Installer.
5.
On the Welcome screen, the Basic Installation is selected by default. If you want
to perform an advanced installation, then select Advanced Installation, and then
answer the prompts as needed.
"Oracle Database Installation Methods" on page 1-10 for
more information on the Basic and Advanced installation methods
See Also:
The subsequent screens that appear, which are listed in Table 3–1 on page 3-12,
depend on the installation method you have chosen. The order in which the
screens appear depends on the options you select.
6.
Follow these guidelines to complete the installation:
Note: If you perform a Custom installation, then ensure that you
install only the components covered by your license. You can not
install Standard Edition using Custom installation.
■
■
Do not install Oracle Database 11g release 1 (11.1) software into an existing
Oracle home.
Follow the instructions displayed in the Oracle Universal Installer screens. If
you need additional information, click Help.
"Unlocking and Changing Passwords" on page 5-9 for
password guidelines
See Also:
■
Do not modify the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) except by using a patch
provided by Oracle Support Services. Oracle Universal Installer automatically
3-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing the Oracle Database Software
installs the Oracle-supplied version of the JRE. This version is required to run
Oracle Universal Installer and several Oracle assistants.
■
■
If you encounter errors while installing the software, see Appendix F for
information about troubleshooting.
If you chose an installation type that runs Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant and Oracle Net Configuration Assistant in interactive mode, you
must provide detailed information about configuring your database and
network.
If you need assistance when using the Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant or Oracle Net Configuration Assistant in interactive mode, click
Help on any screen.
Note: If you chose a default installation, Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant and Oracle Net Configuration Assistant do
not run interactively.
7.
After the configuration assistants have run, click Exit, then click Yes to exit from
Oracle Universal Installer.
8.
When Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control opens in a Web browser, enter
the user name and password you created during the installation.
You can log in as SYS, SYSTEM, or SYSMAN. If you log in as SYS, then you must
connect as SYSDBA. Enter the password you specified for the account during
installation.
9.
Optionally, delete the OraInstalldate_time directory if you want to remove the
temporary files that were created during the installation process. The
OraInstalldate_time directory holds about 45 MB of files. This directory is
created in the location set by the TEMP environment variable setting.
Restarting your computer also removes the OraInstalldate_time directory.
10. See Chapter 4, "Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks" for information about
tasks that you must complete after you have installed Oracle Database.
Installing Oracle Database
3-11
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Table 3–1
Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Window
Action
Select a Product to Install
This screen enables you to install any one for the following products:
■
Oracle Database 11g
■
Oracle Client
■
Oracle Clusterware
Click Next.
Select Installation Method
Select one of the following, then click Next:
■
■
Select Installation Type
Basic Installation: This installation method, selected by default, lets you quickly
install Oracle Database using minimal input. It installs the software and
optionally creates a general-purpose database using the information that you
specify on this screen.
Advanced Installation: Lets you perform more complex installations, such as
creating individual passwords for different accounts, creating specific types of
starter databases (for example, for transaction processing or data warehouse
systems), using different language groups, specifying e-mail notifications, and so
on.
Select Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, Personal Edition, or Custom.
You can also specify language translations to be installed by clicking Product
Languages.
Click Next.
Note: This screen is available only with Advanced Installation.
Install Location
The Oracle base path appears by default. You can change the path based on your
requirement.
In the Software Location section, accept the default values or enter the Oracle home
name and directory path in which you want to install Oracle components. The
directory path should not contain spaces.
Click Next.
Note: This screen is available only with Advanced Installation.
Available Product
Components
If you selected Custom for the Installation Type, this screen is displayed. Select the
components to be installed from the list and click Next. To learn more about each
component, place the mouse over the component name.
Note: This screen is available only with Advanced Installation.
Product-specific
Prerequisite Checks
This screen checks that the system meets the minimum requirements for the
installation. Correct any errors that Oracle Universal Installer may have found, and
then click Next.
Upgrade an Existing
Database
This screen is displayed if you have a previous updatable version of Oracle Database
or Automatic Storage Management installed. For in-place database installations
where Automatic Storage Management is running, Automatic Storage Management is
upgraded automatically.
Click Yes if you want to upgrade or No if not. If you click Yes, the Summary screen is
displayed.
For more information about upgrades, see Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
3-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Table 3–1
(Cont.)
Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Window
Action
Select Configuration
Option
Select one of the following:
■
■
■
Create a database: Select this option if you are creating a database of the
following types: General Purpose/Transaction processing, and Data
warehousing. The Advanced option lets you perform a custom installation.
Configure Automatic Storage Management: Select this option to create an
Automatic Storage Management instance only. To create an Automatic Storage
Management instance, you must provide an Automatic Storage Management SYS
Password. After you provide this password, Oracle Universal Installer lets you
create an Automatic Storage Management disk group. After you complete this
Oracle Universal Installer session, you can run it again to install and configure
one or more Oracle databases that will use Automatic Storage Management.
Install database Software only: Select this option to install the database software
only, but not create a database or configure Automatic Storage Management.
Select Automatic Storage
Management Option
If you selected Configure Automatic Storage Management from the Select
Configuration Option screen, and if you have Oracle Enterprise Manager 11g Grid
Control installed, then this screen is displayed. Select Yes or No, depending on the
requirement to use Grid Control to manage Automatic Storage Management. If you
select Yes, then select from the list of Enterprise Management agents to use.
Configure Automatic
Storage Management
If you selected Configure Automatic Storage Management from the Select
Configuration Option screen, this screen is displayed. Enter the disk group name. The
disk group list shows both candidate and member disks; you can click Show
Candidates or Show All to filter their display. Then, select the redundancy level and
member disks for the disk group.
For Redundancy Level, choose one of the following options. If you do not choose a
redundancy level, the disk group defaults to normal redundancy.
■
■
■
Select Database
Configuration
High: With this option, the contents of the disk group are three-way mirrored by
default. To create a disk group with high redundancy, you must specify at least
three failure groups (a minimum of three devices).
Normal: In a normal redundancy level, by default, the data files of the disk group
are two-way mirrored and the control files are three-way mirrored. You can
choose to create certain files that are three-way mirrored or not mirrored. To
create a disk group with normal redundancy, you must specify at least two
failure groups (a minimum of two devices) for two-way mirroring.
External: If you select this option, Automatic Storage Management does not
mirror the contents of the disk group. Choose this redundancy level when the
disk group contains devices, such as RAID devices, that provide their own data
protection; or the use of the database does not require uninterrupted access to
data, for example, in a development environment where you have a suitable
backup strategy.
Select the database configuration that best meets the requirements: General
Purpose/Transaction Processing, Data Warehouse, or Advanced.
See the online Help provided by either Oracle Universal Installer or Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant for a description of these preconfigured database types.
Click Next.
Installing Oracle Database
3-13
Installing the Oracle Database Software
Table 3–1 (Cont.)
Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Window
Action
Specify Database
Configuration Options
Specify the following information, then click Next:
Database Naming
Specify the Global Database Name using the following syntax:
database_name.domain
where:
■
■
database_name is the name of the database. It can contain no more than 30
characters (alphanumeric, underscore (_), dollar ($) , and pound (#)).
domain is the domain used for the database. It can contain no more than 128
characters (alphanumeric, underscore (_), and pound (#)), inclusive of all periods.
For example:
sales.us.mycompany.com
When you enter the Global Database Name, Oracle Universal Installer automatically
populates the SID field with the database name, but you can change this SID to
another name. The SID can have no more than 64 characters (alphanumeric, dollar ($),
and pound (#)).
Specify Database Config
Details
Specify the following configuration details, then click Next.
Memory:
Specify the amount of physical memory (RAM) you want to allocate in the
Percentage field.
If you install the database software only, then you can click Show Memory
Distribution to check the memory usage by the various processes running on the
system.
Character Set:
Determine how character data is encoded in the database. The default is based on the
operating system language. Select Unicode (AL32UTF8) to store multiple languages.
See Also:
■
"Selecting the Database Character Set"
■
Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide
for information on choosing a character set.
Security
To disable the default enhanced security controls, you can check the Disable security
settings check box. Oracle Database is then installed with default options for Oracle
Database 10g release 2.
Sample Schema
You can specify if you want to create Oracle Database with or without sample
schemas.
See "Installing the Sample Schemas" for information about installing the Sample
Schemas.
Select Database
Management Option
Select one of the following, then click Next:
■
■
Use Grid Control for Database Management if you have Oracle Enterprise
Manager installed.
Use Database Control for Database Management. Optionally, select Enable
Email Notifications and then enter the outgoing SMTP server and e-mail
address.
3-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Automatic Storage Management
Table 3–1
(Cont.)
Oracle Universal Installer Windows
Window
Action
Specify Database Storage
Option
Select one of the following, then click Next.
Specify Backup and
Recovery Options
■
File System: Specify the database file location.
■
Automatic Storage Management
Select one of the following, then click Next.
■
■
Specify Database Schema
Passwords
Do not enable Automated backups.
Enable Automated Backups: Specify the recovery area storage location and
backup job credentials.
Enter and confirm passwords for the privileged database accounts, then click Next.
Note: Optionally, you can use the same password for all accounts. However, Oracle
recommends that you specify a different password for each account. You must
remember the passwords that you specify.
See "Unlocking and Changing Passwords" on page 5-9 for information on password
guidelines.
Privileged Operating
System Groups
This screen is displayed only during the first installation of Oracle products on a
system. The groups are selected by default.
Click Next.
Oracle Configuration
Manager Registration
Enter the Customer Identification Number, the My Oracle Support (formerly
OracleMetaLink) User Name, Country code and Click Next. The new screen prompts
you to accept the license agreement. Click Accept License Agreement to accept the
agreement.
If you decline this agreement, then consider Oracle Configuration Manager is
installed but not configured.
Summary
Review the information displayed on this screen.
Click Install.
Install
This screen displays status information while the product is being installed.
Configuration Assistants
This screen displays status information for the configuration assistants that configure
the software and create a database. When the message is displayed at the end of
Database Configuration Assistant process, click OK to continue.
End of Installation
The configuration assistants configure several Web-based applications, including
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control. This screen displays the URLs
configured for these applications. Make a note of the URLs used.
The port numbers used in these URLs are recorded in the following file:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\install\portlist.ini
To exit from Oracle Universal Installer, click Exit, then click Yes. Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control displays in a Web browser.
Installing Automatic Storage Management
Follow the procedures in this section to install and configure Automatic Storage
Management, and to install Oracle Database so that it can use Automatic Storage
Management. If you do not plan to use Automatic Storage Management, use the
procedure in "Installing the Oracle Database Software" on page 3-9 to install Oracle
Database.
This section covers the following topics:
■
Step 1: Reviewing Automatic Storage Management Installation Considerations
Installing Oracle Database
3-15
Installing Automatic Storage Management
■
Step 2: Creating the Automatic Storage Management Instance and Configuring
Disk Groups
■
Step 3: Installing Oracle Database to Use Automatic Storage Management
■
Step 4: Testing the Automatic Storage Management Installation
Step 1: Reviewing Automatic Storage Management Installation Considerations
When you install Automatic Storage Management, follow these guidelines:
■
■
Before you begin the installation, make sure that you have completed the steps in
"Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management Installation" on
page 2-22 to prepare a disk partition to use for the Automatic Storage
Management disk groups.
Oracle recommends that you install Automatic Storage Management into its own
Oracle home, regardless of whether you plan to have one or multiple database
instances. Installing Automatic Storage Management into its own Oracle home
helps ensure higher availability and manageability.
With separate Oracle homes, you can upgrade Automatic Storage Management
and databases independently, and you can deinstall database software without
impacting the Automatic Storage Management instance.
If an Automatic Storage Management instance does not already exist and you
select the Oracle Universal Installer option to install and configure Automatic
Storage Management only, Oracle Universal Installer installs Automatic Storage
Management in its own Oracle home.
■
■
Each computer that has one or more Oracle Database instances that will use
Automatic Storage Management must have one Automatic Storage Management
instance. For example, if a computer has two Oracle Database instances that use
Automatic Storage Management, you only need one Automatic Storage
Management instance for that computer, to manage the two database instances
that use Automatic Storage Management.
When you install Automatic Storage Management, Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant creates a separate server parameter file (SPFILE) and password file for
the Automatic Storage Management instance.
Step 2: Creating the Automatic Storage Management Instance and Configuring Disk
Groups
The following steps explain how to create an Automatic Storage Management instance
and a disk group for storing the Oracle database files. You can create multiple disk
groups for the Automatic Storage Management instance to manage, if you want. If you
plan to use Automatic Storage Management for backup and recovery operations,
Oracle recommends that you create a separate disk group for this purpose.
To install an Automatic Storage Management instance and configure its disk groups:
1.
Log on as a member of the Administrators group to the computer on which to
install Oracle components.
If you are installing on a Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or a Backup Domain
Controller (BDC), log on as a member of the Domain Administrators group.
2.
Insert Oracle Database installation media and navigate to the database directory.
Alternatively, navigate to the directory where you downloaded or copied the
installation files. Double-click setup.exe to start Oracle Universal Installer.
3-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Automatic Storage Management
Use the same installation media to install Oracle Database on all supported
Windows platforms.
3.
The Select a Product to Install screen enables you to install any one of the
following products:
■
Oracle Database 11g
■
Oracle Client
■
Oracle Clusterware
" Oracle Universal Installer Windows" on page 3-12 for a
detailed description of the screens used in this procedure
See Also:
4.
On the Select Installation Method screen, select Advanced Installation and then
click Next.
5.
On the Select Installation Type screen, select either Enterprise Edition, Standard
Edition, Personal Edition, or Custom and then click Next.
6.
On the Install Location screen, the Oracle base path appears by default. You can
change the path based on your requirement. In the Software Location section,
accept the default values or enter an Automatic Storage Management-specific
name and directory location for the Automatic Storage Management instance and
Click Next.
For example, you could change name OraDB11g_home1 to OraDB11g_asm and the
directory location to the following:
DRIVE LETTER:\oracle\product\11.1.0\asm
Note:
You can use OraDB11g_asm to represent a +ASM instance
7.
In the Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks screen, check that the requirements
have been met and then click Next.
8.
On the Select Configuration Option screen, select Configure Automatic Storage
Management (ASM) and then specify and confirm the Automatic Storage
Management SYS password. Then, click Next.
9.
On the Configure Automatic Storage Management screen, enter the following
settings:
This screen lets you create the disk groups to use with the
Automatic Storage Management instance. You must have an available
partition in order to create disk groups.
Note:
■
■
Disk Group Name: Enter a name for the disk group.
Redundancy: Select one of the following choices to set the redundancy level
for the disks within the disk group. If you do not specify a redundancy level,
the disk group defaults to normal redundancy.
–
High: With this option, the contents of the disk group are three-way
mirrored by default. To create a disk group with high redundancy, you
must specify at least three failure groups (a minimum of three devices).
Installing Oracle Database
3-17
Installing Automatic Storage Management
■
–
Normal: In a normal redundancy level, by default the data files of the disk
group are two-way mirrored and the control files are three-way mirrored.
You can choose to create certain files that are three-way mirrored or not
mirrored. To create a disk group with normal redundancy, you must
specify at least two failure groups (a minimum of two devices) for
two-way mirroring.
–
External: : Automatic Storage Management does not mirror the contents of
the disk group. Choose this redundancy level when 1) the disk group
contains devices, such as RAID devices, that provide their own data
protection; or 2) the use of the database does not require uninterrupted
access to data, for example, in a development environment where you
have a suitable backup strategy.
Add Disks: Click Stamp Disks to start the asmtoolg GUI tool. In the asmtool
operation dialog box, select Add or change label, and then click Next. From
the list, select the disks that you want to use for the disk group. To select
multiple disks, hold down the Control key and click to pick individual disks,
or hold down the Shift key to select disks in a group. To use a specific prefix
for this disk group, select Generate stamps with this prefix and enter a name.
Click Next, and in the next window, click Finish.
After you click Finish, the Configure Automatic Storage Management
window returns, with the disks you selected in the Add Disks list. From this
list, select the disks you want to include in the disk group. To filter the display
of disks, you can select Change Disk Discovery Path and enter a wildcard
subset. For example, to list all disks ending with ORCLDISKDATA from 0 to 3,
you enter \\.\ORCLDISKDATA[0–3].
10. Click Next.
11. On the Install screen, check the installed contents, and then click Install.
12. To create another disk group for this instance, run Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant from the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin directory manually, and select
the Configure Automatic Storage Management option.
At this stage, subsequent databases that you create are able to use Automatic Storage
Management. If you have databases that were created before you installed Automatic
Storage Management, you now can migrate them to Automatic Storage Management
by using the Enterprise Manager Migrate Database wizard. This wizard is available in
Enterprise Manager Grid Control or Database Control. Alternatively, you can use
Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN) to perform the migration.
See Also:
■
■
Enterprise Manager Migrate Database wizard online Help
instructions on how to migrate an existing Oracle database to
Automatic Storage Management
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide for information
on migrating an existing Oracle database to Automatic Storage
Management using Oracle Database Recovery Manager.
Step 3: Installing Oracle Database to Use Automatic Storage Management
After you have created the Automatic Storage Management instance and Automatic
Storage Management disk groups, you are ready to create a database instance that can
use Automatic Storage Management.
To create a database instance to use with Automatic Storage Management:
3-18 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Automatic Storage Management
1.
Log on as a member of the Administrators group to the computer to install Oracle
components.
If you are installing on a Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or a Backup Domain
Controller (BDC), log on as a member of the Domain Administrators group.
2.
If you are installing Oracle Database on a computer with multi-homed or multiple
aliases, use System in the Control Panel to create the ORACLE_HOSTNAME system
environment variable. Set this variable to point to the host name of the computer
on which you are installing Oracle Database.
See Also:
■
■
■
"Setting the ORACLE_HOSTNAME Environment Variable" on
page 2-13
"Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple IP
Addresses" on page 2-13
"Installing Oracle Database on Computers with Multiple Aliases"
on page 2-13
3.
Start Oracle Universal Installer.
4.
The Select a Product to Install screen enables you to install any one of the
following products:
■
Oracle Database 11g
■
Oracle Client
■
Oracle Clusterware
5.
On the Select Installation Type screen, select one of the installation types
(Enterprise Edition, Standard Edition, Personal Edition, or Custom), and then
click Next.
6.
On the Install location screen, the Oracle base path appears by default. You can
change the path based on your requirement. In the Software Location section,
accept the default values or select a different Oracle home from the home used for
Automatic Storage Management.
7.
If you selected the Custom installation type, then select from the products to
install.
8.
On the Product-Specific Prerequisite Checks screen, check that the requirements
have been met and then click Next.
9.
On the Select Configuration Option screen, select Create a Database.
10. On the Select Database Configuration screen, select from the database types
displayed and click Next.
11. On the Specify Database Configuration Options screen, enter the following
settings and then click Next.
■
Specify the Global Database Name using the following syntax:
database_name.domain
where:
–
database_name with no more than 30 characters (alphanumeric,
underscore (_), dollar ($), and pound (#)).
Installing Oracle Database
3-19
Installing Automatic Storage Management
–
■
domain name with no more than 128 characters (alphanumeric, underscore
(_), and pound (#)), inclusive of all periods.
Specify the SID with no more than 64 characters (alphanumeric, dollar ($), and
pound (#)).
12. On the Specify Database Config Details screen, enter the following configuration
details, then click Next:
■
Memory
■
Character Sets
■
Security
■
Sample Schema
" Oracle Universal Installer Windows" on page 12 for
further information about these fields.
See Also:
13. On the Select Database Management Option screen, select either Use Grid Control
for Database Management if you have Oracle Enterprise Manager installed, or if
you do not have Enterprise Manager, select Use Database Control for Database
Management. Optionally, select Enable Email Notifications and then enter the
outgoing SMTP server and e-mail address. Then, click Next.
After you complete the installation, you can use either of these utilities to manage
the Automatic Storage Management instance.
14. On the Specify Database Storage Option screen, select Automatic Storage
Management (ASM) and click Next.
15. On the Specify Backup and Recovery Options screen, select the following:
■
■
Enable Automated Backups: Select this option, and then select Automatic
Storage Management.
Backup Job Credentials: Enter the user name and password of the person
responsible for managing backups.
16. Click Next.
17. On the Select Automatic Storage Management Disk Group screen, select the
Automatic Storage Management disk group that you created in "Step 2: Creating
the Automatic Storage Management Instance and Configuring Disk Groups" on
page 3-16 for recovery and backups.
If the Automatic Storage Management disks that you selected do not provide
enough space, the Configure Storage Management screen is displayed so that you
can select additional disks as needed. As you select the disks, the Required Storage
Space area adjusts the sizes displayed. Ideally, the Additional Space Needed
value should be a negative number.
18. Click Next.
19. On the Specify Database Schema Passwords screen, enter and confirm passwords
for the privileged database accounts, then click Next.
20. On the Oracle Configuration Manager Registration screen, enter the Customer
Identification Number, the My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) User
Name, Country code, and click Next. The new screen prompts you to accept the
license agreement. Click Accept license Agreement to accept the agreement.
However, if you decline this agreement, then Oracle Configuration Manager is
installed but not configured.
3-20 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Cloning an Oracle Home
21. On the Summary screen, check that the contents to be installed are correct, and
then click Install.
Step 4: Testing the Automatic Storage Management Installation
To test the Automatic Storage Management installation, try logging on to the
Automatic Storage Management instance by using SQL*Plus.
Follow these steps:
1.
In the Services Control Panel, make sure that the OracleASMService+ASM service
has started.
2.
Open a Windows command prompt and temporarily set the ORACLE_HOME and
ORACLE_SID to point to your Automatic Storage Management instance.
For example, if the Automatic Storage Management SID, which is named +ASM, is
located in the asm directory under the ORACLE_BASE directory, you would enter
commands similar to the following:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> set ORACLE_SID=+ASM
DRIVE_LETTER:\> set ORACLE_HOME=ORACLE_BASE\product\11.1.0\asm
3.
From the same Windows command prompt session, connect to the Automatic
Storage Management instance as the SYS user with SYSASM privilege and start the
instance if necessary:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSASM
Enter password: SYS_password
SQL> STARTUP
4.
Enter the following command to view the existing disk groups, their redundancy
level, and the amount of free disk space in each one:
SQL> SELECT NAME,TYPE,TOTAL_MB,FREE_MB FROM V$ASM_DISKGROUP;
See Also:
■
■
■
Oracle Database Utilities for more information about the asmcmd
utility
"Managing Automatic Storage Management" on page 5-4 for other
tools that you can use to manage Automatic Storage Management
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for a more detailed
description of Automatic Storage Management
Cloning an Oracle Home
You can copy an existing Oracle home and then configure it for a new environment.
This process is called cloning. If you are performing multiple Oracle Database
installations, you may want to use this method to create each new Oracle home,
because copying files from an existing Oracle Database installation takes less time than
creating a new version of them. This method is also useful if the Oracle home that you
are cloning has patches applied to it. When you clone an Oracle home, the new Oracle
home will have the patch updates.
Installing Oracle Database
3-21
Cloning an Oracle Home
In addition to cloning an Oracle home, you can clone
individual Oracle databases, by using Enterprise Manager Database
Control. Oracle Database Administrator's Guide covers cloning Oracle
databases in detail, as well as cloning Oracle homes.
Note:
To clone an Oracle home:
1.
Ensure that the Oracle Database installation whose home you want to clone has
been successful.
You can check the success of the installation by reviewing the
installActionsdate_time.log file for the installation session, which is normally
located in the c:\Program Files\Oracle\Inventory\logs directory.
If you have installed patches, you can check their status by running the following
commands at a command prompt:
c:\ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\OPatch> set ORACLE_HOME=ORACLE_HOME_using_patch
c:\ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\OPatch> opatch lsinventory
2.
Stop the Oracle-related services on this computer.
You can stop Oracle services by using one of the following methods:
■
Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows: From the Start menu, select
Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Configuration and Migration
Tools, then Administrative Assistant for Windows, then Oracle Managed
Objects, then Computers, and then machine-name. Select Databases, then
right-click global database name, select Stop Service.
Note: Choose Startup/Shutdown Options to control whether a
database instance should be stopped along with the service.
■
3.
Microsoft Windows Services utility: From the Start menu, select Control
Panel, then Administrative Tools, then Services. Right-click any service that
begins with Oracle, and then from the menu, select Stop.
Create a ZIP file with the Oracle home (but not Oracle base) directory, selecting
the Save full path info option.
For example, if the source Oracle installation is in
c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1, you would zip the db_1 directory,
leaving out the admin, flash_recovery_area, and oradata directories that are
under 11.1.0. These directories will be created in the target installation later on
when you create a new database there.
4.
Copy the ZIP file to the root directory of the target computer.
5.
Extract the ZIP file contents, selecting the Use folder names option.
6.
Repeat Steps 4 and 5 for each computer where you want to clone the Oracle home,
unless the Oracle home is on a shared storage device.
7.
In the source Oracle home, restart the services that you stopped in Step 2.
8.
On the target computer, cd to the unzipped Oracle home directory, and perform
the following steps:
3-22 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Cloning an Oracle Home
a.
Remove the *.ora files that are present in unzipped ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\network\admin directory, such as listener.ora, sqlnet.ora, and
tnsnames.ora.
b.
From the oui\bin directory, run Oracle Universal Installer in clone mode for
the unzipped Oracle home. Use the following syntax:
c:\ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\oui\bin> setup.exe -silent -clone ORACLE_
BASE="target location" ORACLE_HOME="target location"
ORACLE_HOME_NAME="unique_name_on node" [-responseFile full_directory_path]
For example:
c:\ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\oui\bin> setup.exe -silent -clone ORACLE_
BASE="c:\app\username"
ORACLE_HOME="c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1" ORACLE_HOME_NAME="db_1"
The -responseFile parameter is optional. You can supply clone-time
parameters on the command line or by using the response file named on the
command line.
Oracle Universal Installer starts, and then records the cloning actions in the
cloneActionstimestamp.log file. This log file is normally located in c:\Program
Files\Oracle\Inventory\logs.
9.
To configure connection information for the new database, run Net Configuration
Assistant.
To start Net Configuration Assistant, select Start, then Programs, then Oracle HOME_NAME, then Configuration and Migration Tools, and then Net
Configuration Assistant.
10. To create a new database for the newly cloned Oracle home, run Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant.
To start Oracle Database Configuration Assistant, select Start, then Programs, then
Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Configuration and Migration Tools, and then
Database Configuration Assistant.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for information about
cloning Oracle homes and Oracle databases
Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for additional
information about cloning an Oracle home
Use the following steps to configure Oracle Configuration Manager for a cloned
Oracle home:
1.
Run the emSnapshotEnv script from bin directory as follows:
ORACLE_HOME\ccr\bin\emSnapshotEnv.bat
2.
Copy the core.jar into pending directory as follows:
copy ccr\inventory\core.jar ORACLE_HOME\ccr\inventory\pending
3.
Use the following command to remove the previous state files:
del ORACLE_HOME\ccr\state\*.ll
Installing Oracle Database
3-23
Cloning an Oracle Home
4.
If you have removed the state files, then you must relink the core functions with
the following command:
ORACLE_HOME\ccr\bin\deployPackages
5.
Use the following command to rerun Oracle Configuration Manager:
ORACLE_HOME\ccr\bin\configCCR
3-24 Oracle Database Installation Guide
4
4
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
This chapter describes the following postinstallation configuration tasks:
■
Installing the Latest Patch Set Release
■
Validating Invalid PL/SQL Modules
■
Configuring Secure Sockets Layer
■
Postinstallation Tasks for SQL Developer
■
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
■
Postinstallation Database Configuration for Oracle Configuration Manager
■
Configuring Oracle Components
Installing the Latest Patch Set Release
Oracle recommends installing the latest patch set release after successful installation of
Oracle Database.
You must register online before using My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink).
After logging in to My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink), select the Patches
and Updates tab from the top of the screen.
To download required patches:
1.
Use a Web browser to view the My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink)
Web site:
https://support.oracle.com
2.
Log in to My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink).
If you are not an My Oracle Support (formerly
OracleMetaLink) registered user, click Register Here and follow the
registration instructions.
Note:
3.
On the main My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) page, click Patches
and Updates.
4.
Select Simple Search.
5.
Specify the following information, then click Go:
■
In the Search By field, choose Product or Family, then specify RDBMS Server.
■
In the Release field, specify the current release number.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-1
Validating Invalid PL/SQL Modules
■
In the Patch Type field, specify Patchset/Minipack.
■
In the Platform or Language field, select your platform.
6.
Find the latest patch set for Oracle Database using My Oracle Support (formerly
OracleMetaLink).
7.
From the list of available patches, select a patch to download.
Patch sets for Oracle databases are identified as x.x.x PATCH SET FOR ORACLE
DATABASE SERVER.
8.
Review the README file before proceeding with the download.
Each patch has a README file with installation requirements and instructions.
Some patches install with Oracle Universal Installer; others require special
procedures. Oracle recommends that you always read the README file before
proceeding.
9.
Download and install the patch.
Validating Invalid PL/SQL Modules
Oracle recommends running the utlrp.sql script after creating or upgrading a
database. This script recompiles all PL/SQL modules that may be in an INVALID
state, including packages, procedures, types, and so on. This step is optional, but
recommended so that the performance cost of recompilation is incurred during the
installation rather than in the future.
There should be no other data definition language (DDL)
statements running on the database while the script is running, and
packages STANDARD and DBMS_STANDARD must already be valid.
Note:
1.
Start SQL*Plus:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
2.
Connect to the database with the SYS account:
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
3.
Start the database (if necessary):
SQL> STARTUP
4.
Run the utlrp.sql script, which by default is located in ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\rdbms\admin\utlrp.sql. For example:
SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql
Configuring Secure Sockets Layer
Oracle highly recommends you configure and use a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) to
ensure that passwords and other sensitive data are not transmitted in clear text in
HTTP requests.
4-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for SQL Developer
See Also:
■
■
"Using SSL" and "Enabling SSL" in Oracle Database Advanced
Security Administrator's Guide for more information on configuring
and using SSL
"SSL Usage Issues" in Oracle Database Advanced Security
Administrator's Guide for more information on SSL usage issues
Postinstallation Tasks for SQL Developer
This section describes tasks that you need to complete after you install the software:
■
Migrating User Settings from Release 1.0
■
Migrating Information from Previous Releases
■
Location of User-Related Information
Migrating User Settings from Release 1.0
The first time you start SQL Developer after installing it or after adding any
extensions, you are asked if you want to migrate your user settings from a previous
release. (This occurs regardless of whether there was a previous release on your
system.)
Migration of user settings is supported only from SQL
Developer release 1.0 to release 1.1. It is not supported for migration
from a pre-release version of 1.1 to release 1.1.
Note:
These settings refer to database connections, reports, and certain SQL Developer user
preferences that you set in a previous version by clicking Tools and then Preferences.
However, some user preferences are not saved, and you must re-specify these using
the new release.
To migrate user settings from SQL Developer release 1.0:
1.
Install Oracle SQL Developer.
2.
When you start SQL Developer release 1.1, click Yes when asked if you want to
migrate settings from a previous release.
3.
In the dialog box that is displayed, do not accept the default location for the
settings. Instead, specify the location of your release 1.0 settings, which might be a
folder whose path ends with sqldeveloper\jdev\system.
Migrating Information from Previous Releases
If you have used a previous release of SQL Developer or a pre-release version of the
current release, you may want to preserve database connections that you have been
using. To preserve database connections, save your existing database connections in
an XML file. To save the connections, right-click the Connections node in the
Connections Navigator and select Export Connections. After you complete the
installation described in this guide, you can use those connections by right-clicking the
Connections node in the Connections Navigator and selecting Import Connections
If you want to use any user-defined reports or the SQL history from a previous
version, see "Location of User-Related Information" on page 4-4 for information about
where these are located. If you want to use any user-defined reports or the SQL history
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-3
Postinstallation Tasks for SQL Developer
from release 1.0 with both releases 1.0 and 1.1, you must save them before using
release 1.1, because release 1.1 modifies the files to a format that is incompatible with
release 1.0.
SQL Developer preferences (specified by clicking Tools and then Preferences) from a
pre-release version of the current release cannot currently be saved and reused; you
must re-specify any desired preferences.
Location of User-Related Information
SQL Developer stores user-related information in several places, with the specific
location depending on the operating system and certain environment specifications.
User-related information includes user-defined reports, user-defined snippets, SQL
Worksheet history, and SQL Developer user preferences.
SQL Developer user preferences are stored under the installation directory. To
preserve preferences when upgrading to a more recent version of the same SQL
Developer release, but not to upgrade from release 1.0 to 1.1, use the Check for
Updates feature (click Help, then Check for Updates) to upgrade your system.
This user-related information is stored in or under the HOME environment variable
location, if defined; otherwise the SQLDEVELOPER_USER_DIR location, if defined;
otherwise as indicated in the following table.
The table shows the typical default locations (under a directory or in a file) for specific
types of resources on different operating systems. (Note the period in the name of any
directory or folder named .sqldeveloper.)
Table 4–1
Default Locations for User-Related Information
Resource Type
Windows Systems
User-defined reports
C:\Documents and
Settings\<user-name>\.sqldeveloper\UserReports.xml
User-defined snippets
C:\Documents and
Settings\<user-name>\.sqldeveloper\UserReports.xml
SQL history
C:\Documents and
Settings\<user-name>\.sqldeveloper\SqlHistory.xml
SQL Worksheet archive files
C:\Documents and
Settings\<user-name>\.sqldeveloper\tmp\
SQL Developer user
preferences
<sqldeveloper_install>\sqldeveloper\sqldeveloper\system\
SQL Worksheet archive files contain SQL statements that you have entered. These files
begin with sqldev and then have a random number (for example, sqldev14356.sql). If
you close SQL Developer with a SQL Worksheet open that contains statements, then
you will be prompted to save these files.
To specify a non-default SQLDEVELOPER_USER_DIR location, do either of the following:
■
■
Set the SQLDEVELOPER_USER_DIR environment variable to specify another directory
path.
Edit the <sqldeveloper_
install>\sqldeveloper\sqldeveloper\bin\sqldeveloper.conf file and
substitute the desired directory path for SQLDEVELOPER_USER_DIR in the following
line:
SetUserHomeVariable SQLDEVELOPER_USER_DIR
4-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
If you want to prevent other users from accessing your user-specific SQL Developer
information, you must ensure that the appropriate permissions are set on the directory
where that information is stored or on a directory above it in the path hierarchy. For
example, you may want to ensure that the sqldeveloper folder and the
<user-name>\.sqldeveloper folder under Documents and Settings are not shareable.
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
This section describes tasks that you need to complete after you install the software
■
Restarting Processes
■
Choosing an HTTP Server
■
Configuring the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway
■
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server in a New Installation
■
Copying the Images Directory
■
Enabling Network Services in Oracle Database 11g
■
About Running Oracle Application Express in Other Languages
■
Managing JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES
■
Obfuscating PlsqlDatabasePassword Parameter
■
Logging In to Oracle Application Express
■
Patching Oracle Application Express 3.0
Within the context of this document, the Oracle home
directory (ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME) is the location where Oracle
HTTP Server is installed.
Note:
Restarting Processes
After you install Oracle Application Express, you need to restart the processes that
you stopped before you began the installation, such as listener and other processes. In
addition, restart Oracle HTTP Server.
Choosing an HTTP Server
In order to run, Oracle Application Express must have access to either the embedded
PL/SQL gateway or Oracle HTTP Server and mod_plsql.
Topics in this section include:
■
About the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway
■
About Oracle HTTP Server and mod_plsql
■
About Password Security
About the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway
The embedded PL/SQL gateway installs with Oracle Database 11g. It provides the
Oracle database with a Web server and also the necessary infrastructure to create
dynamic applications. The embedded PL/SQL gateway runs in the Oracle XML DB
HTTP server in the Oracle database and includes the core features of mod_plsql. The
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-5
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
following graphic illustrates the Oracle Application Expressarchitecture using the
embedded PL/SQL gateway.
As shown in the previous graphic, the embedded PL/SQL gateway offers a simple
two tier architecture: a Web browser and an Oracle database, containing the
embedded PL/SQL and Oracle Application Express.
See Also:
"Configuring the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway" on
page 4-6
About Oracle HTTP Server and mod_plsql
Oracle HTTP Server uses the mod_plsql plug-in to communicate to the Oracle
Application Express engine within the Oracle database. It functions as communication
broker between the Web server and the Oracle Application Express objects in the
Oracle database. More specifically, it maps browser requests into database stored
procedure calls over a SQL*Net connection. The following graphic illustrates the Oracle
Application Express architecture using Oracle HTTP Server and mod_plsql.
See Also:
"Configuring Oracle HTTP Server in a New Installation"
on page 4-8
Note that this configuration consists of three tier architecture: a Web browser, Oracle
HTTP Server (Apache) with mod_plsql, and an Oracle database containing Oracle
Application Express.
About Password Security
If SSL is not used, then passwords could potentially be exposed, compromising the
security of your Oracle Application Express instance.
See "Configuring Secure Sockets Layer" on page 2 for more information.
Configuring the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway
Although the embedded PL/SQL gateway installs with the Oracle database, you must
configure it before you can use it with Oracle Application Express. To accomplish, you
run a configuration file and unlock the ANONYMOUS account.
Topics in this section include:
4-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
■
■
Configuring the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway in New Installation or When
Upgrading Database
Disabling and Enabling the Oracle XML DB HTTP Server
"Choosing an HTTP Server" on page 4-5 and "About the
Embedded PL/SQL Gateway" on page 4-5
See Also:
Configuring the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway in New Installation or When Upgrading
Database
In a new installation or when upgrading the database, you configure the embedded
PL/SQL gateway by running the configuration script apxconf.sql. Running this
script enables you to configure the port for Oracle XML DB HTTP server and to
specify a password for the Application Express ADMIN account. Then, you unlock the
ANONYMOUS account.
To configure the embedded PL/SQL gateway:
1.
Change your working directory to ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\apex or whatever
convention used to indicate the Oracle home.
2.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database where Oracle Application Express is
installed as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
3.
Run apxconf.sql as shown in the following example:
@apxconf
4.
When prompted, enter a password for the Application Express Admin account.
Be sure to make a note of the password you enter. You will use this password to
log in to Oracle Application Express Administration Services.
5.
When prompted, enter the port for the Oracle XML DB HTTP server. The default
port number is 8080.
6.
Enter the following statement to unlock the ANONYMOUS account:
ALTER USER ANONYMOUS ACCOUNT UNLOCK;
Disabling and Enabling the Oracle XML DB HTTP Server
The embedded PL/SQL gateway runs in the Oracle XML DB HTTP server in the
Oracle database. This section describes how to enable or disable the Oracle XML DB
HTTP server.
Topics in this section include:
■
Disabling Oracle XML DB HTTP Server
■
Enabling Oracle XML DB HTTP Server
"Configuring the Embedded PL/SQL Gateway in New
Installation or When Upgrading Database" on page 4-7
See Also:
Disabling Oracle XML DB HTTP Server
To disable Oracle XML DB HTTP server:
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-7
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
1.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database where Oracle Application Express is
installed as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
2.
Run the following statements:
EXEC DBMS_XDB.SETHTTPPORT(0);
COMMIT;
Enabling Oracle XML DB HTTP Server
To enable Oracle XML DB HTTP server:
1.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database where Oracle Application Express is
installed as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
2.
Run the following statements:
EXEC DBMS_XDB.SETHTTPPORT(port);
COMMIT;
For example:
EXEC DBMS_XDB.SETHTTPPORT(8080);
COMMIT;
Port numbers less than 1024 are reserved for use by privileged
processes on many operating systems. To enable the XML DB HTTP
listener on a port less than 1024, such as 80, review the following
documentation:
Note:
■
■
"Using Protocols to Access the Repository" and "Using HTTP(S)
on Nonstandard Ports" in Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide.
"Protocol Address Configuration" and "Port Number Limitations"
in Oracle Database Net Services Reference.
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server in a New Installation
This section describes how to configure Oracle HTTP Server with mod_plsql in a new
installation.
Topics in this section include:
■
■
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server Release 9.0.3 in a New Installation
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server Distributed with Oracle Database 11g or Oracle
Application Server 10g in a New Installation
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server Release 9.0.3 in a New Installation
In Oracle HTTP Server release 9.0.3, the wdbsvr.app file contains information about
the DAD to access Oracle Application Express. A DAD is a set of values that specify
4-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
how the Oracle HTTP Server component modplsql connects to the database server to
fulfill an HTTP request.
Topics in this section include:
■
Changing the Password for the ADMIN Account
■
Changing the Password for the APEX_PUBLIC_USER Database User
■
Modifying the wdbsvr.app File in a New Installation
■
Modifying the Oracle9i httpd.conf
Changing the Password for the ADMIN Account
To change the password for the ADMIN account:
First, change the password for the Oracle Application Express ADMIN account.
1.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database where Oracle Application Express is
installed as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
2.
Run apxxepwd.sql. For example:
@apxxepwd.sql
When prompted enter a password for the ADMIN account.
3.
Enter the following command followed by the new password.
@apxxepwd.sql password
For example to change the password to apex, you would enter:
@apxxepwd.sql apex
Changing the Password for the APEX_PUBLIC_USER Database User
In order to specify the password in the DAD file, you have to change the password for
the database user APEX_PUBLIC_USER. Please use the following steps to change the
password for the APEX_PUBLIC_USER database user:
1.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database where Oracle Application Express is
installed as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
2.
Run the following statement:
SQL> PASSWORD APEX_PUBLIC_USER
Changing password for APEX_PUBLIC_USER
New password: password
Retype new password: password
Modifying the wdbsvr.app File in a New Installation
To create the DAD, you modify the wdbsvr.app file and add an entry for Oracle
Application Express.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks
4-9
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
To modify the wdbsvr.app file:
1.
Use a text editor and open the wdbsvr.app file:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\Apache\modplsql\cfg\wdbsvr.app
2.
Add an entry for Oracle Application Express using the following syntax. Only
change the settings indicated in italics.
[DAD_apex]
connect_string = localhost:1521:orcl
password = apex
username = apex_public_user
default_page = apex
document_table = wwv_flow_file_objects$
document_path = docs
document_proc = wwv_flow_file_mgr.process_download
reuse = Yes
enablesso = No
stateful = STATELESS_RESET
nls_lang = American_America.AL32UTF8
Where:
■
connect_string refers to the host ID, port number, and Oracle9i database
where Oracle Application Express was installed. Use the format
host:port:sid.
If the Oracle9i version of Oracle HTTP Server you want to use is installed in
the same Oracle home as the database you specified for use with Oracle
Application Express, leave this parameter blank.
■
■
password is the password you specified in the section Changing the Password
for the APEX_PUBLIC_USER Database User.
nls_lang determines the language setting of the DAD. The character set
portion of the nls_lang value must always be set to AL32UTF8, regardless of
whether or not the database character set is AL32UTF8.
If either the territory portion or the language portion of the NLS settings
contains a space, you must wrap the value in double quotes as shown in the
following example:
nls_lang = "ENGLISH_UNITED KINGDOM.AL32UTF8"
You can find information about your database’s NLS settings by querying the
view NLS_DATABASE_PARAMETERS as shown in the following example:
SELECT parameter,value
FROM nls_database_parameters
WHERE PARAMETER IN ('NLS_CHARACTERSET','NLS_LANGUAGE','NLS_TERRITORY');
3.
Leave the remaining settings, including the user name setting, as they appear in
the previous example.
4.
Save and exit the wdbsvr.app file.
Modifying the Oracle9i httpd.conf
You need to modify the httpd.conf file to include an alias that points to the file
system path where you copied the images directory. You may also need to modify the
httpd.conf file to add two new MIME types to support SQL Workshop.
4-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
See Also:
"Copying the Images Directory After an Upgrade" on
page 4-14
To modify httpd.conf file:
1.
Use a text editor and open the httpd.conf file
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\Apache\Apache\conf\httpd.conf
2.
Add an alias entry that points to the file system path where you copied the images
directory.
Alias /i/ "C:\oracle\ora92\Apache\Apache\images/"
Note you must include the forward slash (/) at the end of the path.
3.
Next, add two new MIME types to support SQL Workshop:
■
Add the following line if it does not currently exist:
AddType text/xml
■
xbl
Add the following line if it does not currently exist:
AddType text/x-component
htc
4.
Save and exit the httpd.conf file.
5.
Stop and restart Oracle HTTP Server.
–
Stop Oracle HTTP Server - From the Start menu, select Programs, Oracle OraHome, Oracle HTTP Server, and Stop HTTP Server.
–
Restart Oracle HTTP Server - From the Start menu, select Programs, Oracle OraHome, Oracle HTTP Server, and Start HTTP Server.
See Also: Oracle Fusion Middleware Administrator's Guide for Oracle
HTTP Server
Configuring Oracle HTTP Server Distributed with Oracle Database 11g or Oracle
Application Server 10g in a New Installation
Perform the following post-installation steps if:
To install Oracle HTTP Server, use the Oracle Fusion
Middleware Web Tier Utilities 11g (11.1.1.2.0) media or download.
Note:
■
■
■
This is a new installation of Oracle Application Express (that is, you are not
upgrading from a previous release)
You are running Oracle HTTP Server distributed with Oracle Database 11g or
Oracle Application Server 10g.
Oracle HTTP Server is installed in an Oracle home.
Topics in this section include:
■
Changing the Password for the ADMIN Account
■
Unlocking the APEX_PUBLIC_USER Database User
■
Changing the Password for the APEX_PUBLIC_USER Database User
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-11
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
■
Edit the dads.conf File
■
Stop and Restart Oracle HTTP Server
Note that instructions do not apply if you are running Oracle HTTP Server release
9.0.3. To learn more, see "Configuring Oracle HTTP Server Release 9.0.3 in a New
Installation" on page 4-8.
Within the context of this section, the Oracle home directory
(ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME) is the location where Oracle HTTP
Server is installed.
Note:
Changing the Password for the ADMIN Account
First, change the password for the Oracle Application Express ADMIN account.
To change the password for the ADMIN account:
1.
Change your working directory to ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\apex or whatever
convention used to indicate the Oracle home.
2.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database where Oracle Application Express is
installed as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
3.
Run apxxepwd.sql. For example:
@apxxepwd.sql
When prompted enter a password for the ADMIN account.
4.
Enter the following command followed by the new password.
@apxxepwd.sql password
For example to change the password to apex, you would enter:
@apxxepwd.sql apex
Unlocking the APEX_PUBLIC_USER Database User
When configuring Oracle HTTP Server for Oracle Application Express in a new
installation, the database user APEX_PUBLIC_USER must be an unlocked account. To
unlock the account for database user APEX_PUBLIC_USER, execute the following steps:
1.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database where Oracle Application Express is
installed as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
2.
Run the following statement:
ALTER USER APEX_PUBLIC_USER ACCOUNT UNLOCK
4-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
Changing the Password for the APEX_PUBLIC_USER Database User
In order to specify the password in the DAD file, you have to change the password for
the database user APEX_PUBLIC_USER. Please use the following steps to change the
password for the APEX_PUBLIC_USER database user:
1.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the database where Oracle Application Express is
installed as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS as SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
2.
Run the following statement:
SQL> PASSWORD APEX_PUBLIC_USER
Changing password for APEX_PUBLIC_USER
New password: password
Retype new password: password
Edit the dads.conf File
If this is a new installation of Oracle Application Express, you need to edit the
dads.conf file. The dads.conf file contains the information about the DAD to access
Oracle Application Express.
To edit the dads.conf file:
1.
Use a text editor and open the dads.conf:
■
Oracle Application Server 10g:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\Apache\modplsql\conf\dads.conf
■
Oracle HTTP Server distributed with Oracle Database 11g:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\ohs\modplsql\conf\dads.conf
2.
Copy the following into the dads.conf file. Replace ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME,
host, port, service_name, and apex_public_user_password with values
appropriate for your environment. Note that apex_public_user_password is the
password you defined in "Changing the Password for the APEX_PUBLIC_USER
Database User" on page 4-9.
Note that the path listed is only an example. The path in the dads.conf file should
reference the file system path described in Copying the Images Directory.
Alias /i/ "ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\images/"
AddType text/xml
xbl
AddType text/x-component
htc
<Location /pls/apex>
Order deny,allow
PlsqlDocumentPath docs
AllowOverride None
PlsqlDocumentProcedure
PlsqlDatabaseConnectString
PlsqlNLSLanguage
PlsqlAuthenticationMode
SetHandler
PlsqlDocumentTablename
PlsqlDatabaseUsername
PlsqlDefaultPage
wwv_flow_file_mgr.process_download
host:port:service_name ServiceNameFormat
AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
Basic
pls_handler
wwv_flow_file_objects$
APEX_PUBLIC_USER
apex
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-13
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
PlsqlDatabasePassword
Allow from all
</Location>
3.
apex_public_user_password
Locate the line containing PlsqlNLSLanguage.
The PlsqlNLSLanguage setting determines the language setting of the DAD. The
character set portion of the PlsqlNLSLanguage value must be set to AL32UTF8,
regardless of whether or not the database character set is AL32UTF8. For example:
...
PlsqlNLSLanguage
...
4.
AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
Save and exit the dads.conf file.
Stop and Restart Oracle HTTP Server
To stop and restart Oracle HTTP Server:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\opmn\bin\opmnctl stopproc ias-component=HTTP_
Server
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\opmn\bin\opmnctl startproc ias-component=HTTP_
Server
Copying the Images Directory
Whether you are loading a new installation or upgrading from a previous release, you
must copy the images directory from the top level of the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\apex directory to the location on the file system containing the Oracle home for
Oracle HTTP Server.
This section is relevant only if you choose Oracle HTTP Server
with mod_plsql. However, if you choose Oracle XML DB HTTP
Server with the embedded PL/SQL gateway, then these steps can be
ignored.
Note:
Topics in this section include:
■
Copying the Images Directory After an Upgrade
■
Copying the Images Directory in a New Installation
Copying the Images Directory After an Upgrade
During an upgrade, you must overwrite your existing images directory. Before you
begin the upgrade, to ensure that you can revert to the previous version, Oracle
recommends that you create a copy of your existing images directory for Oracle
Application Express, indicating the release number of the images (for example,
images_2_0).
To locate the images directory on the file system, review the following files for the text
alias /i/:
■
Oracle9i HTTP Server Release 2—see the httpd.conf file.
■
Oracle HTTP Server distributed with Oracle Database 11g—see the dads.conf file.
■
Oracle Application Server 10g—see the marvel.conf file.
4-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
When you locate the images directory path, Oracle recommends that you copy the
existing images directory to a backup location. Doing this allows you to revert to the
previous release, if that becomes necessary.
After you copy the existing images directory, use the following command syntax to
copy the apex\images directory from the 11g Oracle database home to the existing
images directory path, overwriting the existing images:
■
Oracle Application Server 10g:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> xcopy /E /I ORACLE_HOME\apex\images ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_
HOME\Apache\images
■
Oracle HTTP Server distributed with Oracle Database 11g:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> xcopy /E /I ORACLE_HOME\apex\images ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_
HOME\ohs\images
In the preceding syntax example:
■
■
ORACLE_HOME is the Oracle Database 11g Oracle home
ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME is the existing Oracle Application Server or Oracle
HTTP Server Oracle home
Copying the Images Directory in a New Installation
After installation, copy the directory apex/images.
You can copy the images directory using Windows Explorer, or running a command
from a command prompt similar to the following:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> xcopy /E /I ORACLE_HOME\apex\images ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_
HOME\ohs\images
In the preceding syntax example:
■
■
ORACLE_HOME is the Oracle Database 11g Oracle home
ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME is the existing Oracle Application Server or Oracle
HTTP Server Oracle home
Enabling Network Services in Oracle Database 11g
By default, the ability to interact with network services is disabled in Oracle Database
11g Release 1 (11.1). Therefore, if you are running Oracle Application Express with
Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), you need to use the new DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_
ADMIN package to grant connect privilege to any host for the FLOWS_030000 database
user. Failing to grant these privileges results in issues with:
■
Sending outbound mail in Oracle Application Express.
Users can call methods from the APEX_MAIL package, but issues arise when
sending outbound email.
■
Using Web services in Oracle Application Express.
■
PDF/report printing.
■
Searching for content in online Help (that is, using the Find link).
Granting Connect Privileges
The following example demonstrates how to grant connect privileges to any host for
the FLOWS_030000 database user.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-15
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
In order to run the examples, the compatible initialization parameter of the database
must be set to at least 11.1.0.0.0. In an 11g database, the parameter is already set by
default. However, you will have to set this parameter in case of a database upgrade to
11g from a prior version.
See Also: "Creating and Configuring an Oracle Database" in the
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for information about changing
database compatible initialization parameters
DECLARE
ACL_PATH VARCHAR2(4000);
ACL_ID
RAW(16);
BEGIN
-- Look for the ACL currently assigned to '*' and give FLOWS_030000
-- the "connect" privilege if FLOWS_030000 does not have the privilege yet.
SELECT ACL INTO ACL_PATH FROM DBA_NETWORK_ACLS
WHERE HOST = '*' AND LOWER_PORT IS NULL AND UPPER_PORT IS NULL;
-- Before checking the privilege, make sure that the ACL is valid
-- (for example, does not contain stale references to dropped users).
-- If it does, the following exception will be raised:
--- ORA-44416: Invalid ACL: Unresolved principal 'FLOWS_030000'
-- ORA-06512: at "XDB.DBMS_XDBZ", line ...
-SELECT SYS_OP_R2O(extractValue(P.RES, '/Resource/XMLRef')) INTO ACL_ID
FROM XDB.XDB$ACL A, PATH_VIEW P
WHERE extractValue(P.RES, '/Resource/XMLRef') = REF(A) AND
EQUALS_PATH(P.RES, ACL_PATH) = 1;
DBMS_XDBZ.ValidateACL(ACL_ID);
IF DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.CHECK_PRIVILEGE(ACL_PATH, 'FLOWS_030000',
'connect') IS NULL THEN
DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.ADD_PRIVILEGE(ACL_PATH,
'FLOWS_030000', TRUE, 'connect');
END IF;
EXCEPTION
-- When no ACL has been assigned to '*'.
WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND THEN
DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.CREATE_ACL('power_users.xml',
'ACL that lets power users to connect to everywhere',
'FLOWS_030000', TRUE, 'connect');
DBMS_NETWORK_ACL_ADMIN.ASSIGN_ACL('power_users.xml','*');
END;
/
COMMIT;
Troubleshooting an Invalid ACL Error
If you receive an ORA-44416: Invalid ACL error after running the previous script, use
the following query to identify the invalid ACL:
REM Show the dangling references to dropped users in the ACL that is assigned
REM to '*'.
SELECT ACL, PRINCIPAL
FROM DBA_NETWORK_ACLS NACL, XDS_ACE ACE
4-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
WHERE HOST = '*' AND LOWER_PORT IS NULL AND UPPER_PORT IS NULL AND
NACL.ACLID = ACE.ACLID AND
NOT EXISTS (SELECT NULL FROM ALL_USERS WHERE USERNAME = PRINCIPAL);
Next, run the following code to fix the ACL:
DECLARE
ACL_ID
RAW(16);
CNT
NUMBER;
BEGIN
-- Look for the object ID of the ACL currently assigned to '*'
SELECT ACLID INTO ACL_ID FROM DBA_NETWORK_ACLS
WHERE HOST = '*' AND LOWER_PORT IS NULL AND UPPER_PORT IS NULL;
-- If just some users referenced in the ACL are invalid, remove just those
-- users in the ACL. Otherwise, drop the ACL completely.
SELECT COUNT(PRINCIPAL) INTO CNT FROM XDS_ACE
WHERE ACLID = ACL_ID AND
EXISTS (SELECT NULL FROM ALL_USERS WHERE USERNAME = PRINCIPAL);
IF (CNT > 0) THEN
FOR R IN (SELECT PRINCIPAL FROM XDS_ACE
WHERE ACLID = ACL_ID AND
NOT EXISTS (SELECT NULL FROM ALL_USERS
WHERE USERNAME = PRINCIPAL)) LOOP
UPDATE XDB.XDB$ACL
SET OBJECT_VALUE =
DELETEXML(OBJECT_VALUE,
'/ACL/ACE[PRINCIPAL="'||R.PRINCIPAL||'"]')
WHERE OBJECT_ID = ACL_ID;
END LOOP;
ELSE
DELETE FROM XDB.XDB$ACL WHERE OBJECT_ID = ACL_ID;
END IF;
END;
/
REM commit the changes.
COMMIT;
Once the ACL has been fixed, you need to run the first script in this section to apply
the ACL to the FLOWS_030000 user. See "Granting Connect Privileges" on page 4-15.
About Running Oracle Application Express in Other Languages
The Oracle Application Express interface is translated into German, Spanish, French,
Italian, Japanese, Korean, Brazilian Portuguese, Simplified Chinese, and Traditional
Chinese. A single instance of Oracle Application Express can be installed with one or
more of these translated versions. At runtime, each user's Web browser language
settings determine the specific language version.
The translated version of Oracle Application Express should be loaded into a database
that does not support the character encoding of the language, the installation may fail
or the translated Oracle Application Express instance may appear corrupt when run.
The database character set AL32UTF8 supports all the translated versions of Oracle
Application Express.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-17
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
You can manually install translated versions of Oracle Application Express using
SQL*Plus. The installation files are encoded in AL32UTF8.
Regardless of the target database character set, to install a
translated version of Oracle Application Express, you must set the
character set value of the NLS_LANG environment variable to AL32UTF8
prior to starting SQL*Plus.
Note:
The following examples illustrate valid NLS_LANG settings for loading Oracle
Application Express translations:
American_America.AL32UTF8
Japanese_Japan.AL32UTF8
Installing a Translated Version of Oracle Application Express
Whether you are installing for the first time or upgrading from a previous release, you
must run the load_lang.sql script to run a translated version of Oracle Application
Express.
The installation scripts are located in subdirectories identified by a language code in
the unzipped distribution apex/builder. For example, the German version is located
in apex/builder/de and the Japanese version is located in apex/builder/ja. Within
each of directory, there is a language loading script identified by the language code
(for example, load_de.sql or load_ja.sql).
To install a translated version of Oracle Application Express:
1.
Set the NLS_LANG environment variable, making sure that the character set is
AL32UTF8. For example:
set NLS_LANG=American_America.AL32UTF8
2.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the target database as SYS. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> sqlplus /nolog
connect sys as sysdba
When prompted, enter the appropriate password.
3.
Execute the following statement:
ALTER SESSION SET CURRENT_SCHEMA = FLOWS_030000;
4.
Execute the appropriate language specific script. For example:
@load_lang.sql
Where lang is the specific language (for example, load_de.sql for German or
load_ja.sql for Japanese).
Managing JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES
JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES determine the maximum number of concurrently running jobs.
In Oracle Application Express release 3.0, transactional support and SQL scripts
require jobs. If JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES is not enabled and working properly, you cannot
successfully execute a script.
Topics in this section include:
4-18 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
■
Viewing the Number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES
■
Changing the Number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES
Viewing the Number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES
There are currently three ways to view the number of number of JOB_QUEUE_
PROCESSES:
■
In the installation log file
■
On the About Application Express page in Oracle Application Express
■
From SQL*Plus
Viewing JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES in the Installation Log File
After installing or upgrading Oracle Application Express to release 3.0, you can view
the number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES in the installation log files. See "Reviewing the
Log of an Installation Session" on page F-2.
Viewing JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES in Oracle Application Express
You can also view the number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES on the About Oracle
Application Express page.
To view the About Oracle Application Express page:
1.
Log in to Oracle Application Express. See "Logging In to Oracle Application
Express" on page 4-20.
2.
On the Administration list, click About Oracle Application Express.
The current number JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES displays at the bottom of the page.
Viewing JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES from SQL*Plus
Users can also view the number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES from SQL*Plus by running
the following SQL statement:
SELECT VALUE FROM v$parameter WHERE NAME = 'job_queue_processes'
Changing the Number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES
You can change the number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES by running a SQL statement in
SQL*Plus:
To update the number of JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES:
1.
Log in to the database as SYSDBA using SQL*Plus.
2.
In SQL*Plus run the following SQL statement:
ALTER SYSTEM SET JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES = <number>
For example, running the statement ALTER SYSTEM SET JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES =
20 sets JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES to 20.
Obfuscating PlsqlDatabasePassword Parameter
The PlsqlDatabasePassword parameter specifies the password for logging in to the
database. You can use the dadTool.pl utility to obfuscate passwords in the dads.conf
file.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-19
Postinstallation Tasks for Oracle Application Express
You can find the dadTool.pl utility in the following directory:
■
Oracle Application Server 10g:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\Apache\modplsql\conf
■
Oracle HTTP Server 11g:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HTTPSERVER_HOME\ohs\modplsql\conf
Obfuscating Passwords
To obfuscate passwords, run dadTool.pl by following the instructions in the
dadTool.README file.
Logging In to Oracle Application Express
You access the Oracle Application Express home page in a Web browser. To view or
develop Oracle Application Express applications, the Web browser must support
JavaScript and the HTML 4.0 and CSS 1.0 standards. See "Browser Requirements" on
page 2-8.
Topics in this section include:
■
Oracle Application Express User Roles
■
Setting Up Your Local Environment
Oracle Application Express User Roles
In the Oracle Application Express development environment, users log in to a shared
work area called a workspace. Users are divided into four primary roles:
■
■
■
■
Workspace administrators are users who perform administrator tasks specific to a
workspace such as managing user accounts, monitoring workspace activity, and
viewing log files.
Developers are users who create and edit applications. Developers can have their
own workspace or share a workspace.
End users have no development privileges. You define end users so that they can
access applications that do not use an external authentication scheme.
Oracle Application Express administrators are superusers that manage an entire
hosted instance using the Application Express Administration Services
application.
Setting Up Your Local Environment
How you set up Oracle Application Express depends upon your user role. If you are a
developer accessing a hosted development environment, an administrator must grant
you access to a workspace. If you are an Oracle Application Express administrator,
you must perform the following steps:
1.
Log in to Oracle Application Express Administration Services. Oracle
Application Express Administration Services is a separate application for
managing an entire Oracle Application Express instance. You log in using the
ADMIN account and password created or reset during the installation process.
2.
Specify a provisioning mode. In Oracle Application Express Administration
Services, you need to determine how the process of creating (or provisioning) a
workspace will work in your development environment.
4-20 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Database Configuration for Oracle Configuration Manager
3.
Create a Workspace. A workspace is a virtual private database allowing multiple
users to work within the same Oracle Application Express installation while
keeping their objects, data and applications private. Each workspace has a unique
ID and name. An Oracle Application Express administrator can create a
workspace manually or have users submit requests.
4.
Log in to a Workspace. Once you create a workspace in Oracle Application
Express Administration Services, return to the Oracle Application Express Login
page and log in to that workspace.
See Also: Oracle Database 2 Day + Application Express Developer's
Guide or "Quick Start" in Oracle Database Application Express User's
Guide
Patching Oracle Application Express 3.0
If you are already running Oracle Application Express 3.0, then check the Oracle
Application Express page on the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) at the following
URL for information about patch set releases or later versions of Oracle Application
Express:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/developer-tools/apex/overview/index.html
Upgrading to Oracle Database 11g will not patch an Oracle Application Express 3.0
instance to Oracle Application Express 3.0.1.
Postinstallation Database Configuration for Oracle Configuration Manager
If you have installed Oracle Configuration Manager in a home that contains a
database, you must run a script to create a database account to collect database
configuration collections. You must create this account in both Connected and
Disconnected modes:
■
■
Connected Mode: This mode is recommended if your server has direct connection
to the Internet or connection through a proxy server. In this mode, configuration
data is automatically collected and uploaded to the Oracle system. Updates to
Oracle Configuration Manager occur automatically.
Disconnected Mode: This mode is recommended if your server does not have a
connection to Internet. In this mode, you can collect configuration data manually
by using the emCCR collect command. When you run this command, the
collected configuration data is stored in the ORACLE_
HOME\ccr\state\upload\ocmconfig.jar file. You can then upload this file to the
Oracle server.
In this mode, the only commands supported are emCCR collect, emCCR status,
emCCR enable_target, emCCR disable_target, emCCR update_components,
configCCR, and emCCR help.
You can switch between Connected and Disconnected modes by using the
configCCR command.
The database account stores the PL/SQL procedures that collect the configuration
information, and the account owns the database management system (DBMS) job that
performs the collection. After the account has been set up, as login privileges are no
longer required, the account is locked.
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-21
Postinstallation Database Configuration for Oracle Configuration Manager
Note:
■
■
Because the collected configuration data is not stored in the
database, additional disk space is not required for the database.
Because database configuration collections are performed using
the database jobs, the job_queue_process initialization parameter
must have a value greater than 0 for pre-10g databases only.
Preparing Pre-9.2 Databases
Before running the installCCRSQL.exe script to prepare the database for
configuration collection, you must perform the following steps for pre 9.2 databases:
1.
Edit the init<sid>.ora file where sid is the database system identifier, and set the
UTL_FILE_DIR parameter to include ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\state as one
of the directories.
If a server parameter file (spfile) is used, alter the UTL_FILE_DIR parameter using
the following SQL*Plus command:
SQL> alter system set utl_file_dir=<value> scope=spfile
where value is equal to ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\state
2.
Restart the database.
Equipping the Database for Configuration Collections
If Oracle Configuration Manager has been installed but not configured, then perform
the following steps:
■
Run the following command to create the admin directory
DRIVE_LETTER:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\bin\setupCCR
■
Run the following script, to configure the database for configuration collection:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\installCCRSQL.exe
collectconfig -s SID -r SYSDBA-USER -p SYSDBA-PASSWORD
The installCCRSQL.exe script creates an Oracle Configuration Manager user and
loads the PL/SQL procedure into the database defined by the ORACLE_SID. You can
also specify the database <SID> by using the -s option in the command line as in the
following example where the <SID> is orcl:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\installCCRSQL.exe
collectconfig -s orcl
By default, the connection to the database is through operating system authentication,
"/as sysdba." To specify a different user and password, you can use these options:
-r SYSDBA-USER: The login name for the user with a SYSDBA role
-p SYSDBA-PASSWORD: The password for the user with a SYSDBA role
4-22 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Postinstallation Database Configuration for Oracle Configuration Manager
Note:
■
■
■
■
If you specify the user without specifying the password, you will
be prompted to enter the password.
If you specify only the password without specifying the user
name, the user SYS is used by default.
If the Oracle Configuration Manager account already exists, when
you run the installCCRSQL.exe script, it will be dropped and
re-created.
If you are upgrading from a 9.x database version to a 10.x version,
you must run the installCCRSQL.exe script again to record the
upgraded version.
Additional Step for E-Business Suites
If the database is used as a repository for an Oracle E-Business Suite, you must also
run the following script from the ORACLE_HOME in which the E-Business database has
been hosted:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\installCCRSQL.exe ebs_
collectconfig -u Oracle_Applications_User
The -u parameter is mandatory. If you do not specify this parameter, the application
prompts you for the Oracle Applications User. If the -u parameter is specified, you
will be prompted for the Oracle Applications Password.
If you want to automate the install, you can run the installCCRSQL.exe script with an
additional -w option to specify the Oracle Applications Password. For example:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\installCCRSQL.exe ebs_
collectconfig -u Oracle_Applications_User -w Oracle_Applications_Password
You can add the -s SID command to specify the SID of the Oracle Applications
Database instance.
If you are not using operating system authentication to connect to the database, you
must use the -r and -p parameters to specify the following:
-r SYSDBA-USER: The login name of the SYSDBA user
-p SYSDBA-PASSWORD: The password for the SYSDBA user
If the -r parameter is specified, the -p parameter is optional and will be prompted for.
Additional Step for Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
If the database is used as a repository for Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control, you
must also run the following script:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\installCCRSQL.exe
collectemrep
When you run this command, then the application prompts you for the SYSMAN
password. If you want to automate the install, you can run the installCCRSQL.exe
script to specify the SYSMAN password. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\installCCRSQL.exe
collectemrep -e SYSMAN PASSWORD
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-23
Configuring Oracle Components
You can add the -s SID command to specify the SID of the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Grid Control Database instance. You must run this script from the ORACLE_HOME in
which the Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control database has been hosted.
If you are not using operating system authentication to connect to the database, you
must use the -r and -p parameters to specify the following:
-r SYSDBA-USER: The login name of the SYSDBA user
-p SYSDBA-PASSWORD: The password for the SYSDBA user
If the -r parameter is specified, the -p parameter is optional and will be prompted for.
Configuring Oracle Components
You must configure many Oracle components and options before you can use them.
Before using individual Oracle Database components or options, see the appropriate
manual available on the Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) Online Documentation
Library and the Oracle Technology Network Web site.
This section contains these topics:
■
Direct NFS Client
■
Configuring Oracle Messaging Gateway
■
Configuring Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
■
Running Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services from a Different Oracle Home
■
Configuring Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
■
Configuring Oracle Label Security
■
Configuring Oracle Database Vault
■
Configuring Oracle Net Services
■
Installing Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases
■
Configuring or Reinstalling Oracle XML DB
■
Configuring PL/SQL External Procedures
■
Configuring Shared Server Support
■
Setting Credentials for the Job System to Work with Enterprise Manager
■
Configuring Oracle Database to Communicate with Automatic Storage
Management
■
Configuring Databases to Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
■
Installing Oracle Database Examples
Note: You need only perform postinstallation tasks for components
that you intend to use.
Direct NFS Client
With Oracle Database 11g, you can store data files on a supported NFS system. You
can configure Oracle Database to access NFS V3 servers directly using an Oracle
internal Direct NFS client. If Oracle Database cannot open an NFS server using Direct
NFS, then an informational message is logged into the Oracle alert and trace files
indicating that Direct NFS could not be established.
4-24 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components
Management of Oracle data files created with Direct NFS should be done according to
the guidelines specified in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide. The Oracle files
resident on the NFS server that are served by the Direct NFS Client can also be
accessed through a third party NFS client. The volume must be mounted through CIFS
or kernel NFS to enable regular windows utilities and commands, such as copy, and so
on, access the database files in the remote location.
Some NFS file servers require NFS clients to connect using reserved ports. If your filer
is running with reserved port checking, then you must disable it for Direct NFS to
operate. To disable reserved port checking, consult your NFS file server
documentation.
Direct NFS can use up to four network paths defined for an NFS server. The Direct
NFS client performs load balancing across all specified paths. If a specified path fails,
then Direct NFS reissues I/Os over any remaining paths.
Direct NFS requires an NFS server supporting NFS read/write buffers of at least 16384
bytes.
Direct NFS issues writes at wtmax granularity to the NFS server. Direct NFS does not
serve an NFS server with a wtmax less than 16384. Oracle recommends that you use the
value 32768.
Use the following views for Direct NFS management:
■
v$dnfs_servers: Shows a table of servers accessed using Direct NFS.
■
v$dnfs_files: Shows a table of files currently open using Direct NFS.
■
■
v$dnfs_channels: Shows a table of open network paths (or channels) to servers for
which Direct NFS is providing files.
v$dnfs_stats: Shows a table of performance statistics for Direct NFS.
Enable Direct NFS Client
To enable Direct NFS Client, a new Oracle specific file oranfstab can be added to
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\dbs. When oranfstab is placed in ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\dbs, its entries are specific to a single database.
Direct NFS Client looks for the mount point entries in oranfstab. It uses the first
matched entry as the mount point.
Complete the following procedure to enable Direct NFS:
1.
Create an oranfstab file with the following attributes for each NFS server to be
accessed using Direct NFS:
■
■
■
Server: The NFS server name.
Path: Up to 4 network paths to the NFS server, specified either by IP address,
or by name, as displayed using the ifconfig command on the NFS server.
Local: Up to 4 network interfaces on the database host, specified by IP
address, or by name, as displayed using the ipconfig command on the
database host.
■
Export: The exported path from the NFS server. Use UNIX-style path.
■
Mount: The local mount point for the NFS server. Use WINDOWS-style path.
The following is an example of an oranfstab file with two NFS server entries:
server: MyDataServer1
local: 132.34.35.10
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-25
Configuring Oracle Components
path: 132.34.35.12
local: 132.34.55.10
path: 132.34.55.12
export: /vol/oradata1 mount: C:\APP\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORCL
server: MyDataServer2
local: LocalInterface1
path: NfsPath1
local: LocalInterface2
path: NfsPath2
local: LocalInterface3
path: NfsPath3
local: LocalInterface4
path: NfsPath4
export: /vol/oradata2 mount: C:\APP\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORCL2
export: /vol/oradata3 mount: C:\APP\ORACLE\ORADATA\ORCL3
As a rule, a mount point specified in oranfstab file will represent local path where
the database files would have resided normally, that is, without dnfs being
enabled. For example, if a no-dnfs database instance would have kept its files in
c:\app\oracle\oradata\orcl directory, then c:\app\oracle\oradata\orcl
should be specified as a virtual mount point in the corresponding oranfstab file.
On Windows platforms, two optional parameters can be
specified in oranfstab file:
Note:
■
uid: UNIX User ID to be used by Direct NFS
■
gid: UNIX Group ID to be used by Direct NFS
The Direct NFS Client uses the uid or gid value to access all NFS servers listed in
oranfstab. Direct NFS ignores uid or gid value of 0. If neither uid nor gid is
specified, then a default of uid:65534, gid:65534 is used by the Direct NFS Client.
The default value often corresponds to user:nobody and group:nogroup on the
NFS server.
The exported path from the NFS server must be accessible for
read, write, and execute operations by the user with the uid, gid
specified in oranfstab. If neither uid nor gid is listed, then the
exported path must be accessible by the user with the uid:65534,
gid:65534.
Note:
2.
Oracle Database uses an ODM library, oranfsodm11.dll, to enable Direct NFS. To
replace the standard ODM library, oraodm11.dll, with the ODM NFS library,
oranfsodm11.dll, complete the following steps:
1.
Change directory to ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin.
2.
Shutdown Oracle
3.
Enter the following commands:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> copy oraodm11.dll oraodm11.dll.stub
DRIVE_LETTER:\> copy /Y oranfsodm11.dll oraodm11.dll
Disable Direct NFS Client
Use one of the following methods to disable the Direct NFS client:
4-26 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components
■
■
■
Remove the oranfstab file.
Restore the stub oraodm11.dll file by reversing the process you completed in
"Enable Direct NFS Client".
Remove the specific NFS server or export paths in the oranfstab file.
NFS Buffer Size
Direct NFS requires an NFS server supporting NFS read/write buffers of at least 16384
bytes.
Direct NFS will issue writes at wtmax granularity to the NFS server. Direct NFS will
not serve an NFS server with a wtmax less than 16384. Oracle recommends that you
use the value 32768.
Note: See your storage vendor documentation for additional
information about NFS Buffer Size.
Configuring Oracle Messaging Gateway
Oracle Messaging Gateway, an Oracle Database Advanced Queuing feature, requires
additional configuration after you install Oracle Database if you plan to use Oracle
Database Advanced Queuing.
See Also: "Loading and Setting Up Oracle Messaging Gateway" in
Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing User's Guide
Note:
Oracle Messaging Gateway is not supported on Windows x64.
Configuring Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows requires the Microsoft Management
Console and HTML Help 1.2 or later to run. Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
1.2 is included with Windows 2000; version 2.0 of MMC ships with Windows 2003 and
Windows XP; version 3.0 of MMC is available with Windows Vista. Oracle
recommends the latest MMC version available.
See Also:
Microsoft documentation at
http://www.microsoft.com/
Running Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services from a Different Oracle Home
To reconfigure Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services (CSS) to run from a different
Oracle home, enter the following at the command prompt:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> localconfig reset [destination_Oracle_home]
where destination_Oracle_home is required if you run this command from the Oracle
home where the CSS service is currently configured.
See Also:
"Removing Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services" on
page 6-2
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-27
Configuring Oracle Components
Configuring Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
Before using Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor to view
Oracle-specific counters, you must specify the system password by running
operfcfg.exe, located in the ORACLE_HOME\bin directory. operfcfg.exe prompts for a
user name, password, and TNS alias.
For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\> ORACLE_HOME\bin\operfcfg.exe
Enter user-name: system
Enter password: password
Enter tns-alias: orcl
operfcfg: New registry values have been successfully set.
If you run the following command, then operfcfg.exe does not prompt for a
password:
operfcfg.exe -U user_name -D tns_alias
See Also: Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for
additional information about Oracle Counters for Windows
Performance Monitor
Configuring Oracle Label Security
If you installed Oracle Label Security, you must configure it in a database before you
use it. You can configure Oracle Label Security with or without Oracle Internet
Directory integration. If you configure Oracle Label Security without Oracle Internet
Directory integration, you cannot configure it to use Oracle Internet Directory at a later
stage.
Note: To configure Oracle Label Security with Oracle Internet
Directory integration, Oracle Internet Directory must be installed in
your environment and the Oracle database must be registered in the
directory.
See Also: Oracle Label Security Administrator's Guide for more
information about Oracle Label Security enabled with Oracle Internet
Directory
Configuring Oracle Database Vault
If you installed Oracle Database Vault, you must register it in a database and create
the Database Vault Owner and, optionally, Database Vault Account Manager
administrative accounts before you can use it.
See Also: Oracle Database Vault Administrator's Guide for more
information on registering Oracle Database Vault
Configuring Oracle Net Services
If you have a previous release of Oracle software installed on this system, you can
copy information from the Oracle Net tnsnames.ora and listener.ora configuration
files from the previous release to the corresponding files for the new release.
4-28 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components
The default location for the tnsnames.ora and listener.ora
files is the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\network\admin\ directory.
Note:
Modifying the listener.ora File
If you are upgrading from a previous release of Oracle Database, Oracle recommends
that you use the current release of Oracle Net listener instead of the listener from the
previous release.
To use the listener from the current release, you may need to copy static service
information from the listener.ora file from the previous release to the version of that
file used by the new release.
For any database instances earlier than release 8.0.3, add static service information to
the listener.ora file. Oracle Database releases later than release 8.0.3 do not require
static service information.
Modifying the tnsnames.ora File
Unless you are using a central tnsnames.ora file, copy Oracle Net service names and
connect descriptors from the previous release tnsnames.ora file to the version of that
file used by the new release.
If necessary, you can also add connection information for additional database
instances to the new file.
Installing Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases
An Oracle Text knowledge base is a hierarchical tree of concepts used for theme
indexing, ABOUT queries, and deriving themes for document services. If you plan to
use any of these Oracle Text features, you can install two supplied knowledge bases
(English and French) from the Oracle Database Examples media.
See Also: Oracle Text Reference for information about creating and
extending knowledge bases, such as extending the supplied
knowledge bases to accommodate your requirements, or creating your
own knowledge bases in languages other than English and French
Configuring or Reinstalling Oracle XML DB
See Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide for more information about the following tasks:
■
Reinstalling Oracle XML DB
■
Configuring or customizing the Oracle XML DB tablespace
■
Configuring FTP, HTTP/WebDAV port numbers
See Also:
Appendix A of Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide
Configuring PL/SQL External Procedures
Configuring PL/SQL depends on the network configuration files used. In nearly all
cases, configuration is automatic. However, if you are using pre-8.0.3 tnsnames.ora
and listener.ora files with your 11g Release 1 (11.1) database, you need to manually
configure them.
See Also: "Developing Applications for Windows" of Oracle Database
Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-29
Configuring Oracle Components
Configuring Shared Server Support
The default setup for using Shared Server mode depends on how the software has
been installed. If you installed Oracle Database through the Enterprise Edition,
Standard Edition, or Personal Edition installation types, then shared support was not
configured. If you created your database through Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant, then you were offered a choice of shared or dedicated server support.
See Also: "Postinstallation Configuration Tasks on Windows" of
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
Setting Credentials for the Job System to Work with Enterprise Manager
Windows systems require that you set the correct credentials for the Jobs system to
work properly in Enterprise Manager. By default, the Management Agent service is
installed as a LocalSystem user. When submitting jobs, such as stopping or starting the
database, the operating system user submitting the job must have the Log on as a
batch job privilege enabled.
Perform the following steps to establish that privilege for any operating system user
who needs to submit an Enterprise Manager job.
1.
Start the Local Security Policy tool:
■
■
■
■
Windows 2000: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, Administrative
Tools, then Local Security Policy.
Windows 2003: From the Start menu, select Administrative Tools, then Local
Security Policy.
Windows XP: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, Administrative
Tools, then Local Security Policy.
Windows Vista: From the Start menu, select Programs, Administrative Tools,
then Local Security Policy.
2.
Under the Security Settings list, expand the list to Local Policies.
3.
Under Local Policies, double-click User Rights Assignment.
4.
Under Policy, search for the Log on as a batch job policy.
If the Management Agent service is installed as any other user (that is, not
LocalSystem), then, in addition to granting the Log on as a batch job privilege,
you must grant the "Windows service" user the following three privileges:
■
■
■
Act as part of the operating system
Adjust memory quotas for a process (This setting is named Increase memory
quotas on Windows 2000.)
Replace a process level token
The service under the "Windows service" user runs at the operating system
level.
5.
With each policy, perform the following steps:
a.
Double-click the policy name.
b.
In the Properties dialog box, click Add User or Group.
c.
In the Select Users or Groups dialog box, enter the name of the user (for
example, jsmith, administrator, and so on.)
4-30 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Configuring Oracle Components
Note: On Windows Vista, the name of the dialog box is Select Users,
Computers, or Groups.
d.
Click Check Names to check that you have entered the name correctly.
e.
Click OK.
6.
Click OK to exit the Properties dialog box, then exit Local Security Settings and
Administrative Tools.
7.
Restart your computer.
If a user exists locally and at the domain level, Windows gives the local user
precedence. To use the domain user, qualify the user name with the domain name. For
example, to use the user joe in the ACCOUNTS domain specify the user name as
ACCOUNTS\joe.
Configuring Oracle Database to Communicate with Automatic Storage Management
On Windows, Oracle Database installations that use Automatic Storage Management
must use Windows native authentication. By default, Windows native authentication
is enabled. To ensure that it is, check the sqlnet.ora file, by default located in ORACLE_
BASE\ORACLE_HOME\network\admin, and make sure that it has NTS enabled. For
example:
sqlnet.authentication_services=(NTS)
See Also: Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for
more information about Windows native authentication
Configuring Databases to Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
You have the option to configure Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
automatically when creating a new database using Database Control Assistant. This
lets you administer your entire database using Enterprise Manager Database Control.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced Configuration for
information on configuring a database to use Database Control
See Also:
Installing Oracle Database Examples
If you plan to use the following products or features, then download and install the
products from the Oracle Database Examples media:
■
Oracle Database Examples (formerly Oracle Demos)
■
Oracle JDBC Development Drivers
■
Oracle Context Companion
You must install the Sample Schemas in order to use Oracle Database Examples.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide for detailed information
on various Oracle product demonstrations.
"Installing the Sample Schemas" on page 3-5
Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks 4-31
Configuring Oracle Components
4-32 Oracle Database Installation Guide
5
Getting Started with Oracle Database
5
This chapter describes where to go after you have completed an Oracle Database
installation, such as how to check the installed contents, start various tools, and
identify and locate various files. It covers these topics:
■
Checking the Installed Oracle Database Contents and Directory Location
■
Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control
■
Starting and Stopping an Oracle Database
■
Managing Automatic Storage Management
■
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL*Plus
■
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
■
Identifying Databases
■
Locating the Server Parameter File
■
Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files
■
Locating Redo Log Files
■
Locating Control Files
■
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows
Checking the Installed Oracle Database Contents and Directory Location
Use Oracle Universal Installer to check the contents and directory location of your
Oracle Database installation.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Start menu, select Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Oracle
Installation Products, then Universal Installer.
2.
In the Welcome window, click Installed Products to display the Inventory dialog
box.
3.
To check the installed contents, find the Oracle Database product in the list.
To find additional information about an installed product, click Details.
4.
To check the directory location of the installed contents, click the Environment
tab.
5.
Click Close to exit the Inventory dialog box.
6.
Click Cancel to exit Oracle Universal Installer, then click Yes to confirm.
Getting Started with Oracle Database 5-1
Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control
Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control provides a Web-based user interface that
you can use to monitor, administer, and maintain an Oracle database, including
Automatic Storage Management.
To log in to Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control:
1.
Open your Web browser and enter the following URL
https://hostname:port/em
In a default installation, the port number is 1158. If you are unsure of the correct
port number to use, look for the following line in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\install\portlist.ini file:
Enterprise Manager Console HTTP Port (db_name) = port
The portlist.ini file if not updated if you change a port
number after you install Oracle Database. "Changing the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Console Ports" on page E-3 explains
how to find the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control port
number in this situation
Note:
For example, if you installed the database on a host computer named mgmt42, and
the port number listed in the portlist.ini file is 5500, then enter the following
URL:
http://mgmt42:5500/em
Enterprise Manager displays the Database Control Login Page.
2.
Log in to the database using the user name SYSTEM and connect as SYSDBA.
Enterprise Manager displays the Database Home page.
Use the password that you specified for the SYSTEM account during the
installation.
Note: You can also log in to the Database Control using the SYSTEM
or SYSMAN accounts or you can grant login privileges to other database
users.
Understanding Database Control Login Privileges
When you log in to Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control using the SYSMAN
user account, you are logging in as the Oracle Enterprise Manager super user. The
SYSMAN account is automatically granted the roles and privileges required to access all
the management functionality provided with Database Control.
You can also use the SYS and SYSTEM accounts to log in to Database Control. In
addition, you can grant login privileges to other database users. To grant management
access for other database users, use the following procedure:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
page 5-2
5-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
Starting and Stopping an Oracle Database
2.
Click Setup at the top of the Database Control Home page.
3.
Click Administrators in the left navigation bar.
4.
Click Create to create a new Enterprise Manager user.
5.
In the Name field, enter the user name of an existing database user, or click the
flashlight icon and select a user from the pop-up window.
6.
Enter the password for this user, then click Review.
7.
On the properties page, click Finish.
Enterprise Manager assigns login privileges to the specified user and includes this
user in the list of Enterprise Manager users on the Setup Administrators page.
To enable a nonadministrative user to log in to Database Control, the user must be
granted the SELECT ANY DICTIONARY system privilege.
Starting and Stopping an Oracle Database
You can start and stop an Oracle database by using any of the following methods:
■
■
■
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Administration Assistant for
Windows
Starting and Stopping the Database from the Microsoft Windows Services Utility
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
To start or stop the database:
1.
From a Web browser, start Enterprise Manager Database Control and log in, for
example:
http://myserver:1158/em
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 5-2
2.
Click Home to go to the home page.
3.
Under General, click Start to start the database or click Shutdown to shut it down.
Starting and Stopping the Database with Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
Oracle Administration Assistant is available from the Custom installation type.
To start or stop the database:
1.
From the Start menu, select Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then
Configuration and Migration Tools, and then Administrative Assistant for
Windows.
2.
In the console window, expand the Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
tree structure.
3.
Under Databases, right-click the name of the database that you want, and from the
menu, select from the following options:
■
Connect Database
Getting Started with Oracle Database 5-3
Managing Automatic Storage Management
■
Start Service
■
Disconnect Database
■
Stop Service
■
Startup/Shutdown Options
Starting and Stopping the Database from the Microsoft Windows Services Utility
To start or stop the database:
1.
From the Start menu, select Programs, then Administrative Tools, and then
Services.
2.
In the Services dialog box, locate the name of the database you want to start or
stop.
3.
Right-click the name of the database, and from the menu, select either Start, Stop,
or Pause.
To set its startup properties, right-click Properties, and in the dialog box, select
either Automatic, Manual, or Disabled.
Managing Automatic Storage Management
This section covers the following topics:
■
Starting and Stopping Automatic Storage Management
■
Automatic Storage Management Utilities
Starting and Stopping Automatic Storage Management
To start and stop Automatic Storage Management, in addition to using SQL*Plus, you
can use the Windows Services utility.
To start Automatic Storage Management using the Services utility:
1.
From the Start menu, select Programs, then Administrative Tools, and then
Services.
2.
In the Services dialog box, start the following services by right-clicking their
names and in the menu, select Start:
■
OracleCSService
■
OracleASMService+ASM
To set the startup properties for these services, right-click Properties, and in the
Properties dialog box, under Startup Type, select Automatic, Manual, or
Disabled.
3.
Exit Services.
To stop Automatic Storage Management using the Services utility:
1.
From the Start menu, select Programs, then Administrative Tools, then Services.
2.
In the Services dialog box, Shut down any databases that use Automatic Storage
Management. Names of Oracle databases are preceded with OracleService.
3.
Right-click the OracleCSService and Oracle ASMService+ASM services and from
the menu, select Stop.
5-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL*Plus
4.
Exit Services.
See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for information on
starting and stopping Automatic Storage Management instances by
using SQL*Plus
Automatic Storage Management Utilities
To manage Automatic Storage Management, you can use the following tools:
■
■
■
■
asmcmd: This command-line tool lets you manage Automatic Storage
Management disk group files and directories.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control: If you have Oracle Enterprise Manager
installed, you can use Grid Control to manage Automatic Storage Management
functions such as migrating an existing database to Automatic Storage
Management, checking the status of the Automatic Storage Management instance,
checking the performance of the Automatic Storage Management disk groups,
creating or dropping Automatic Storage Management disk groups, and so on.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control: This utility lets you perform
functions similar to Grid Control.
SQL*Plus: You can use Automatic Storage Management-specific commands from
this tool. To connect to the Automatic Storage Management instance, you use the
same methods that you use to connect to an Oracle Database instance.
See Also:
■
■
■
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on page 5-2
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information about
managing Automatic Storage Management
Oracle Database Utilities for more information about the asmcmd
utility
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL*Plus
To issue SQL and PL/SQL statements to Oracle Database, you can use SQL*Plus. This
tool enables you to perform the same database management operations, as well as to
query, insert, update, or delete data directly in the database.
To start SQL*Plus:
1.
From the Start menu, select Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then
Application Development, and then SQL Plus.
2.
In the Log On dialog box, enter the user name, password, and for the host string,
the name of the database to which you want to connect.
Alternatively, at the command line, you can enter the following command at a
Windows command prompt:
c:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT user_name
Enter password: password
For example, to log on as SYSTEM using the password password, you enter:
c:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYSTEM
Enter password: password
Getting Started with Oracle Database 5-5
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL Developer
If you are logging on as SYS, you would need to connect as SYSDBA:
c:\> sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSDBA
Enter password: password
See Also:
■
SQL*Plus User's Guide and Reference
■
SQL*Plus Quick Reference
Accessing Oracle Database with SQL Developer
To issue SQL and PL/SQL statements to Oracle Database, you can use SQL Developer.
All SQL and PL/SQL commands are supported as they are passed directly from the
SQL Worksheet to the Oracle Database.
To start SQL Developer:
1.
From the Start menu, select Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME, then
Application Development, and then SQL Developer.
2.
Right-Click Connections. In the dialog box, enter a Connection name, username,
password, and for the host string, the name of the database to which you want to
connect and click Connect.
Once connected, you can view, create, modify, and delete the database objects using
the Connection Navigator or issue any SQL or PL/SQL command using a SQL
Worksheet (From the Tools menu, select SQL Worksheet).
SQL*Plus commands have to be interpreted by the SQL Worksheet before being
passed to the database. The SQL Worksheet currently supports a number of SQL*Plus
commands. SQL*Plus commands which are not supported by the SQL Worksheet are
ignored and are not sent to the Oracle Database.
See Also: "SQL*Plus Statements Supported and Not Supported in
SQL Worksheet" in Oracle Database SQL Developer User's Guide
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
All databases created by Oracle Database Configuration Assistant include the SYS,
SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP database accounts. In addition, Oracle provides several
other administrative accounts. Before using these other accounts, you must unlock
them and reset their passwords. Table 5–1 describes these accounts, listing their user
names and passwords.
5-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
See Also:
■
■
■
"Unlocking and Changing Passwords" on page 5-9 for information
about using Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view
a complete list of the user accounts defined for your database
"Modifying Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
Parameters" in Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft
Windows for instructions on how to change the password for
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for information about Oracle
security procedures and security best practices
Reviewing Administrative Accounts
Table 5–1 describes the administrative user names.
Table 5–1
Administrative Accounts
User Name
Description
See Also
ANONYMOUS
Allows HTTP access to Oracle XML DB.
Not applicable
BI
Owns the Business Intelligence schema included
in the Oracle Sample Schemas. It is only available
if you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
CTXSYS
The Oracle Text account.
Oracle Text Reference
DBSNMP
Used by Management Agent of Oracle Enterprise
Manager to monitor and manage the database.
This account is created only if you configure the
database to use Database Control.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
Installation and Basic Configuration
DIP
Used by Directory Integration Platform (DIP) to
synchronize the changes in Oracle Internet
Directory with the applications in the database.
None
EXFSYS
Owns the Expression Filter schema.
None
FLOWS_030000
The account owns the Oracle Application Express
schema and metadata.
Oracle Database Application Express
User's Guide
FLOWS_FILES
The account owns the Oracle Application Express
uploaded files.
Oracle Database Application Express
User's Guide
APEX_PUBLIC_USER
The minimally privileged account used for Oracle
Application Express configuration with Oracle
HTTP Server and mod_plsql.
Oracle Database Application Express
User's Guide
HR
Owns the Human Resources schema included in
the Oracle Sample Schemas. It is available only if
you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
IX
Owns the Information Transport schema included
in the Oracle Sample Schemas. This account is
available only if you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
LBACSYS
The Oracle Label Security administrator account.
Oracle Label Security Administrator's
Guide
MDDATA
Used by Oracle Spatial for storing Geocoder and
router data.
Oracle Spatial Developer's Guide
MDSYS
The Oracle Spatial and Oracle Multimedia Locator Oracle Spatial Developer's Guide
administrator account.
Getting Started with Oracle Database 5-7
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
Table 5–1 (Cont.) Administrative Accounts
User Name
Description
See Also
MGMT_VIEW
Used by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control.
None
OE
Owns the Order Entry schema included in the
Oracle Sample Schemas. This account is available
only if you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
ORDPLUGINS
The Oracle Multimedia user. Plug-ins supplied by
Oracle and third party plug-ins are installed in
this schema.
Oracle Multimedia Reference
ORDSYS
The Oracle Multimedia administrator account.
Oracle Multimedia Reference
OUTLN
Centrally manages metadata associated with
stored outlines. Supports plan stability, which
enables maintenance of the same execution plans
for the same SQL statements.
Oracle Database Performance Tuning
Guide
ORACLE_OCM
This account contains the instrumentation for
configuration collection used by the Oracle
Configuration Manager.
Oracle Configuration Manager
Installation and Administration Guide
OWBSYS
The account used by Oracle Warehouse Builder as
its default repository. You must unlock this
account subsequent to installing the Oracle
Database and prior to launching the Warehouse
Builder Repository Assistant.
Oracle Warehouse Builder Installation and
Administration Guide
PM
Owns the Product Media schema included in the
Oracle Sample Schemas. This account is created
only if you loaded the Sample Schemas.
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
SCOTT
An account used by Oracle sample programs and
examples.
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
SH
Owns the Sales History schema included in the
Oracle Sample Schemas. This account is available
only if you loaded the Sample Schemas during an
Enterprise Edition installation
Oracle Database Sample Schemas
SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA Stores the information views for the SQL/MM
Still Image Standard.
Oracle Multimedia Reference
SYS
Used for performing database administration
tasks.
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
SYSMAN
The account used to perform Oracle Enterprise
Manager database administration tasks.This
account is created only if you configure the
database to use the Database Control.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
Installation and Basic Configuration
SYSTEM
Used for performing database administration
tasks.
Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
WMSYS
The account used to store the metadata
information for Oracle Workspace Manager.
Oracle Database Workspace Manager
Developer's Guide
WKPROXY
The Ultra Search proxy user.
Oracle Ultra Search Administrator's
Guide
WK_TEST
The default Ultra Search instance schema.
Oracle Ultra Search Administrator's
Guide
5-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
Table 5–1 (Cont.) Administrative Accounts
User Name
Description
See Also
WKSYS
The account used to store Ultra Search system
dictionaries and PL/SQL packages.
Oracle Ultra Search Administrator's
Guide
XDB
Used for storing Oracle XML DB data and
metadata.
Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide
DVSYS
There are two roles associated with this account.
Database Vault owner role manages the Database
Vault roles and configurations. The Database
Vault Account Manager is used to manage
database user accounts.
Oracle Database Vault Administrator's
Guide
Note: Part of Oracle Database Vault user interface
text is stored in database tables in the DVSYS
schema. By default, only the English language is
loaded into these tables. You can use Oracle
Database Vault Configuration Assistant to add
more languages to Oracle Database Vault. For the
necessary steps, see Appendix C in Oracle Database
Vault Administrator's Guide
See Also:
■
■
■
"Database Users and Schemas" of Oracle Database Concepts
"Database Administrator Usernames" of Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide
"Administering External Users and Roles on Windows" of Oracle
Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows
Unlocking and Changing Passwords
Passwords for all Oracle system administration accounts except SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN,
and DBSNMP are revoked after installation. Before you use a locked account, you must
unlock it and reset its password. If you created a starter database during the
installation, Oracle Database Configuration Assistant displays a screen with your
database information and the Password Management button. Use the Password
Management button to unlock only the user names you will use.
When prompted for a password, follow these guidelines:
■
■
Make the password between 8 and 30 characters long.
Use the database character set for the password’s characters, which can include
the underscore (_), dollar ($), and pound sign (#) characters.
■
Do not start passwords with a numeral.
■
Do not use a user name for a password.
■
Do not use Oracle reserved words for the password.
■
Do not use change_on_install for the SYS account password.
■
Do not use manager for the SYSTEM account password.
■
Do not use sysman for the SYSMAN account password.
■
Do not use dbsnmp for the DBSNMP account password.
■
If you choose to use the same password for all the accounts, do not use change_
on_install, manager, sysman, or dbsnmp as a password.
Getting Started with Oracle Database 5-9
Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords
■
■
Have the password include at least 1 alphabetic, 1 numeric, and 1 punctuation
mark character
Do not use simple or obvious words, such as welcome, account, database, and
user for the password.
If you created a starter database during the installation, but you did not unlock the
required account, unlock the account using one of the following methods:
■
Using SQL*Plus to Unlock and Change Passwords
■
Using Enterprise Manager Database Control to Unlock and Change Passwords
To permit unauthenticated access to your data through HTTP,
unlock the ANONYMOUS account.
Note:
See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information
about:
■
Unlocking and changing passwords after installation
■
Oracle security procedures
■
Security best practices
Using SQL*Plus to Unlock and Change Passwords
Use SQL*Plus to unlock accounts and change passwords any time after the installation
process.
To change a password after installation:
1.
Start SQL*Plus:
c:\> sqlplus /nolog
2.
Connect as SYSDBA:
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
3.
Enter a command similar to the following, where account is the user account that
you want to unlock and password is the new password:
SQL> PASSWORD account UNLOCK;
Changing password for account
New password: password
Retype new password: password
In this example, the account UNLOCK clause unlocks the account.
Using Enterprise Manager Database Control to Unlock and Change Passwords
To unlock and reset user account passwords with Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
page 5-2
2.
Click Schema.
5-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
Locating the Server Parameter File
3.
In the Users and Privileges section of the Schema page, click Users.
Enterprise Manager displays a table containing all database accounts. The Account
Status column indicates whether the account is locked and whether the password
is expired.
4.
Select the user account you want to modify, then click Edit.
5.
Use the General page of the Users property sheet to change the password and lock
or unlock the selected account. Click Help for additional information.
Identifying Databases
The Oracle Database 11g software identifies a database by its global database name. A
global database name consists of the database name and database domain. Usually,
the database domain is the same as the network domain, but it need not be. The global
database name uniquely distinguishes a database from any other database in the same
network. You specify the global database name when you create a database during the
installation, or when using Oracle Database Configuration Assistant. For example:
sales.us.mycompany.com
In this example:
■
■
sales is the name of the database. The database name portion is a string of no
more than 30 characters that can contain alphanumeric, underscore (_), dollar ($),
and pound (#) characters. The DB_NAME initialization parameter specifies the
database name.
us.mycompany.com is the network domain in which the database is located.
Together, the database name and the network domain make the global database
name unique. The domain portion is a string of no more than 128 characters that
can contain alphanumeric, underscore (_), and pound (#) characters. The DB_
DOMAIN initialization parameter specifies the domain name.
The DB_NAME parameter and the DB_DOMAIN name parameter combine to create the
global database name value assigned to the SERVICE_NAMES parameter in the
initialization parameter file.
The system identifier (SID) identifies a specific database instance. The SID uniquely
distinguishes the instance from any other instance on the same computer. Each
database instance requires a unique SID and database name.
For example, if the SID and database name for an Oracle database are ORCL, then each
database file is located in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\orcl directory, and the
initialization parameter file is located in the ORACLE_BASE\admin\orcl\pfile
directory.
Locating the Server Parameter File
The starter database contains one database initialization parameter file. The
initialization parameter file, init.ora.xxxxx, must exist for an instance to start. A
parameter file is a text file that contains a list of instance configuration parameters. The
starter database init.ora file has preconfigured parameters. You do not need to edit
this file to use the starter database.
The server parameter file (SPFILE) is created from the initialization parameter file,
then the initialization parameter file is renamed. The SPFILE file name is
spfileSID.ora and is located in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\database directory.
Getting Started with Oracle Database
5-11
Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files
You can use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view the location of the
server parameter file and list all of the initialization parameters, as follows:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 5-2
2.
Click Server.
3.
In the Database Configuration section of the Server page, click All Initialization
Parameters.
Database Control displays a table listing the current value of each initialization
parameter.
4.
Click SPFile.
Database Control displays a table listing the value of each initialization parameter
specified in the server parameter file. The location of the server parameter file is
displayed before the table.
See Also:
■
■
"Oracle Database Specifications for Windows" of Oracle Database
Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for a list of Oracle
Database-specific initialization parameters for Windows and their
default values
Oracle Database Reference for more information about initialization
parameters
Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files
An Oracle Database is divided into smaller logical areas of space known as
tablespaces. Each tablespace corresponds to one or more physical data files. Data files
contain the contents of logical database structures such as tables and indexes. A data
file can be associated with only one tablespace and database.
The SYSAUX and SYSTEM tablespaces must be present in all
Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) databases.
Note:
Table 5–2 list the tablespaces and data files in the Oracle Database. By default, the data
files are located in the ORACLE_BASE\oradata\DB_NAME directory.
Table 5–2
Tablespaces and Data Files
Tablespace
Data File
Description
EXAMPLE
EXAMPLE01.DBF
Stores the Sample Schemas, if you included them.
SYSAUX
SYSAUX01.DBF
Serves as an auxiliary tablespace to the SYSTEM tablespace.
Some products and options that previously used the
SYSTEM tablespace now use the SYSAUX tablespace to
reduce the load on the SYSTEM tablespace.
SYSTEM
SYSTEM01.DBF
Stores the data dictionary, including definitions of tables,
views, and stored procedures needed by the Oracle
Database. Information in this area is maintained
automatically.
5-12 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Locating Redo Log Files
Table 5–2 (Cont.) Tablespaces and Data Files
Tablespace
Data File
Description
TEMP
TEMP01.DBF
Stores temporary tables and indexes created during the
processing of your SQL statement. If you are running a
SQL statement that involves a lot of sorting, such as the
constructs GROUP BY, ORDER BY, or DISTINCT, then you may
need to expand this tablespace.
UNDOTBS
UNDOTBS01.DBF
Stores undo information. The undo tablespace contains
one or more undo segments that maintain transaction
history that is used to roll back, or undo, changes to the
database.
All starter databases are configured to run in automatic
undo management mode.
USERS
USERS01.DBF
Stores database objects created by database users.
To use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view the list of datafiles
currently available in your database:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 5-2
2.
Click Server.
3.
In the Storage section of the Server page, click Datafiles.
Enterprise Manager displays a table listing each data file, and the tablespace with
which it is associated. For more information about using Database Control to
view, modify, and create tablespaces, click Help.
See Also:
■
■
■
"Tablespaces, Data Files, and Control Files" of Oracle Database
Concepts
"Managing Tablespaces" and "Managing Data Files and
Tempfiles" of Oracle Database Administrator's Guide
"Managing the Undo Tablespace" of Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide
Locating Redo Log Files
A redo log can be either an online redo log or an archived redo log. The online redo
log is a set of two or more redo log groups that records all changes made to Oracle
data files and control files. An archived redo log is a copy of an online redo log that
has been copied to an offline destination. If the database is in ARCHIVELOG mode and
automatic archiving is enabled, then the archive process or processes copy each online
redo log to one or more archive log destinations after it is filled.
The starter database and the custom database each contain three redo log files located
in the ORACLE_BASE\oradata\DB_NAME directory. Redo log files hold a record of all
changes made to data in the database buffer cache. If an instance fails, then Oracle
Database uses the redo log files to recover the modified data in memory.
To use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view or modify the redo log
files for your starter database:
Getting Started with Oracle Database
5-13
Locating Control Files
1.
Start your Web browser and log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 5-2
2.
Click Server.
3.
In the Storage section of the Server page, click Redo Log Groups.
Enterprise Manager displays a table containing the control files currently defined
for this database instance.
4.
To view the name and location of the redo log file associated with a particular
group, select that group then click View.
For more information about using Database Control to view, modify, and create
tablespaces, click Help.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide
"Managing Archived Redo Logs" in Oracle Database Administrator's
Guide
Locating Control Files
The starter database and the custom database contain three control files located in the
ORACLE_BASE\oradata\DB_NAME directory. Oracle recommends that you keep at least
three control files (on separate physical drives) for each database, and set the CONTROL_
FILES initialization parameter to list each control file.
A control file is an administrative file required to start and run the database. The
control file records the physical structure of the database. For example, a control file
contains the database name, and the names and locations of the database data files and
redo log files.
To use Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view or modify the control files
for your starter database:
1.
Log in to Database Control.
See Also:
"Logging in to Enterprise Manager Database Control" on
page 5-2
2.
Click Server.
3.
In the Storage section of the Server page, click Control files.
Enterprise Manager displays a table containing the control files currently defined
for this database instance. For more information about using control files and
backing up control files, click Help.
See Also: "Managing Control Files" of Oracle Database
Administrator's Guide for information about setting this initialization
parameter value
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows
Two main Oracle services are automatically started after installation when you create
a database:
5-14 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows
■
OracleServiceSID (Oracle Database service)
■
OracleHOME_NAMETNSListener (Oracle Database listener service)
If you installed Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control, then the
OracleDBConsoleSID service is automatically started. In you configured Automatic
Storage Management, the OracleCSService and OracleASMService+ASM services are
listed as well. However, other services for networking or other individual components
may not automatically start.
Getting Started with Oracle Database
5-15
Understanding Oracle Database Services on Windows
5-16 Oracle Database Installation Guide
6
6
Removing Oracle Database Software
This chapter describes how to remove Oracle databases, instances, and software:
■
Uninstalling Oracle Configuration Manager
■
Removing Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
■
Removing Oracle Application Express from the Database
■
Removing All Oracle Database Components
Always use Oracle Universal Installer to remove Oracle
components. To avoid installation and configuration problems with
new Oracle installations, follow the instructions in this chapter.
Note:
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for Microsoft
Windows for information about removing an Oracle RAC
installation
Component-specific documentation for individual requirements
and restrictions
Uninstalling Oracle Configuration Manager
To uninstall Oracle Configuration Manager, follow these steps:
1.
If the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME directory contains a database, remove the Oracle
Configuration Manager user and the associated objects from the database by
running the following script:
SQL> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\dropocm.sql
2.
If the database is a repository for the Oracle E-Business Suite, log in to the
database as an SYSDBA user and remove the additional objects from the database
by running the following script:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\ebs_dropccr.sql Oracle_Applications_
User
3.
If the database is a repository for Oracle Grid Control, log in to the database as the
SYSMAN user and remove the additional objects from the database by running the
following script:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\admin\scripts\dropemrep_collect.sql
Removing Oracle Database Software
6-1
Removing Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
4.
To stop the Scheduler and remove the service or the crontab entry, enter the
following command:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\bin\deployPackages -d ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\ccr\inventory\core.jar
5.
Delete the ccr directory by entering the following command:
DRIVE_LETTER:\rmdir /s/q ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr
Oracle Configuration Manager is successfully uninstalled.
Removing Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
The first time you install Oracle Database, if you selected Automatic Storage
Management as a storage and recovery option, Oracle Universal Installer configures
and starts a single-instance version of the Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
(CSS) service.
If you did not choose Automatic Storage Management as a storage or recovery option,
you can delete the OracleCSService service. To delete this service without deleting the
Oracle home, perform the following:
1.
Open a command prompt window.
2.
Temporarily set the ORACLE_HOME environment variable. For example:
set ORACLE_HOME=c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1
3.
Run the localconfig batch file with the delete option to delete the
OracleCSService service. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1\bin\localconfig delete
You do not need to complete this step if you are removing the
Oracle home.
Note:
"Running Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services from a
Different Oracle Home" on page 4-27
See Also:
Removing Oracle Application Express from the Database
This section describes how to remove the Oracle Application Express schema,
synonyms, and users from the database without deleting the database. If you are
going to delete the database, then you do not need to complete these steps.
After using Oracle Universal Installer to remove Oracle Application Express from its
Oracle home, you can remove Oracle HTML DB components from the database.
Perform the following steps:
You should not follow these steps if you have upgraded your
database from a prior release, and still want to use the prior release of
Oracle Application Express.
Note:
1.
Use SQL*Plus to connect to the database as the privileged user SYS, for example:
6-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Removing All Oracle Database Components
DRIVE_LETTER:\sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSDBA
Enter password: SYS_password
2.
Execute the following commands:
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
ALTER SESSION SET CURRENT_SCHEMA = flows_030000;
EXEC wwv_flow_upgrade.drop_public_synonyms;
ALTER SESSION SET CURRENT_SCHEMA = SYS;
DROP USER flows_030000 CASCADE;
DROP USER flows_files CASCADE;
DROP USER apex_public_user CASCADE;
Removing All Oracle Database Components
Use Oracle Universal Installer to remove Oracle components from the inventory on the
computer. Afterward, you need to manually remove the remaining components.
Do not delete Oracle home files or directories (for example, using Windows Explorer
or the command prompt) without first using Oracle Universal Installer unless you exit
Oracle Universal Installer during an installation. Otherwise, the components in the
Oracle home remain registered in the Oracle Universal Installer inventory. If you
manually delete Oracle home files and you attempt an installation in the same Oracle
home, then some or all of the selected components may not be installed or properly
configured.
Oracle Universal Installer does not register the installation in its inventory if the
installation is unexpectedly interrupted. However, files may have been copied to your
Oracle home. Remove these files manually and restart the installation.
You can use Oracle Database Configuration Assistant to
remove an instance and related services. For information about Oracle
Database Configuration Assistant, see "Installing Oracle Database and
Building the Database" chapter of Oracle Database 2 Day DBA.
Note:
This section contains these steps:
1.
Stopping Oracle Services
2.
Removing Components with Oracle Universal Installer
3.
Manually Removing the Remaining Oracle Database Components
Stopping Oracle Services
You must first stop the Oracle services before removing Oracle components.
Follow these steps:
1.
Open the Windows Services utility: From the Start menu, select Programs, then
then Administrative Tools, and then Services.
2.
If any Oracle services (names begin with Oracle or Ora) exist and have the status
Started, then select each of the services, and click Stop.
3.
Stop the Distributed Transaction Coordinator Service.
4.
Exit Services.
5.
Restart the computer.
Removing Oracle Database Software
6-3
Removing All Oracle Database Components
See Also: The Microsoft online Help for more information about
stopping services
Removing Components with Oracle Universal Installer
To remove components with Oracle Universal Installer in interactive mode:
1.
Ensure that you first follow the instructions in the "Stopping Oracle Services"
section on page 6-3.
2.
Start Oracle Universal Installer: From the Start menu, select Programs, then
Oracle - HOME_NAME, then Oracle Installation Products, and then Universal
Installer.
The Welcome window for Oracle Universal Installer appears.
3.
Click the Deinstall Products button.
The Inventory window appears.
4.
Expand the tree of installed components until you find the components to remove.
For example, if you installed a database with the Enterprise Edition option and
later installed additional components with the Custom option, expand the Oracle
home component to display all the components installed in the Oracle home.
5.
Select the components to remove.
6.
Click Remove.
The Confirmation window appears.
7.
In the Confirmation dialog box, click Yes to remove the selected components.
Note: A message may appear indicating that removing some
components may cause other components to not function properly.
After the components are removed from your computer, the Inventory window
appears without the removed components.
8.
Click Close to close the Inventory window.
9.
Click Cancel to exit Oracle Universal Installer.
10. Click Yes to confirm that you want to exit.
You cannot perform an Oracle database installation from the
same Oracle Universal Installer session in which you perform a
deinstallation of Oracle database. In other words, if you deinstall
Oracle database with Oracle Universal Installer and want to perform
another Oracle database installation. then you must start a new Oracle
Universal Installer session.
Note:
Manually Removing the Remaining Oracle Database Components
Oracle Universal Installer does not remove all Oracle components. After using Oracle
Universal Installer to remove Oracle components, you need to manually remove
remaining environment variables, Start menu options, and directories.
This section covers the following topics:
6-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Removing All Oracle Database Components
■
Removing an Automatic Storage Management Instance
■
Updating the System Variable Path
■
Removing Oracle from the Start Menu
■
Removing Oracle Directories
Note: In rare situations, you may want to correct serious system
problems by completely removing Oracle components manually from
the computer without first deinstalling with Oracle Universal
Installer. Do this only as a last resort, and only if you want to remove
all Oracle components from your system.
Removing an Automatic Storage Management Instance
To remove an Automatic Storage Management instance running in the Oracle home
after the database has been removed, perform the following steps:
1.
At the Windows command prompt, set the ORACLE_SID environment variable to
the SID for the Automatic Storage Management instance. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\set ORACLE_SID=+ASM
2.
Start SQL*Plus and connect to the Automatic Storage Management instance as the
SYS user:
DRIVE_LETTER:\sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSASM
Enter password: SYS_password
3.
Enter the following command to determine whether any Oracle database instances
are using the Automatic Storage Management instance:
SQL> SELECT INSTANCE_NAME FROM V$ASM_CLIENT;
This command lists all of the database instances that are using this Automatic
Storage Management instance. This command only lists database instances that
are running. It is possible that other instances are associated with the Automatic
Storage Management instance, but they are not currently running.
If you removed a database from this Oracle home but the output from the
command shows that this Automatic Storage Management instance is supporting
a database instance in another Oracle home, do not remove the Automatic Storage
Management instance or the Oracle home.
4.
If there are no database instances associated with this Automatic Storage
Management instance, drop the disk group associated with this instance.
Dropping the Automatic Storage Management disk group
makes the disk device available for use with another Automatic
Storage Management instance, if required. However, all data in the
disk group is lost. Make sure that no other database instance requires
any data from this disk group before you drop it.
Note:
a.
Identify the disk groups associated with the Automatic Storage Management
instance:
SQL> SELECT NAME FROM V$ASM_DISKGROUP;
Removing Oracle Database Software
6-5
Removing All Oracle Database Components
b.
For each disk group that you want to delete, enter a command similar to the
following:
SQL> DROP DISKGROUP disk_group_name INCLUDING CONTENTS;
5.
Shut down the Automatic Storage Management instance and exit SQL*Plus:
SQL> SHUTDOWN
SQL> EXIT
6.
At the command prompt, enter the following command to remove the Automatic
Storage Management service:
ORADIM -DELETE -ASMSID +ASM
See Also:
■
■
"Automatic Storage Management" on page 1-14
"Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management
Installation" on page 2-22
Updating the System Variable Path
Check the Path environmental variable and remove any Oracle entries.
1.
Open System from the Control Panel.
2.
In the System Properties dialog box, click the Advanced tab, then click the
Environment Variables button.
3.
Select the system variable Path and edit the Path variable to remove any Oracle
entries.
For example, remove Oracle entries that contain ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME in the
Path variable. You may see a Path variable that contains entries similar to the
following:
C:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1\bin;C:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_
1\jre\1.5\bin\client;C:\app\username\products\11.1.0\db_1\jre\1.5\bin
If the JRE path was installed by Oracle, remove it.
4.
If there is a CLASSPATH variable that was set for Oracle, delete it.
5.
If there are any other Oracle variables set, remove them: ORACLE_HOME, ORACLE_SID,
TNS_ADMIN, JSERV, or WV_GATEWAY_CFG.
6.
Save your changes and then exit the Control Panel.
Removing Oracle from the Start Menu
Check the Start menu for any Oracle entries and remove them.
Follow these steps:
1.
Select Start, then Programs, and then Oracle - HOME_NAME.
2.
Right-click Oracle - HOME_NAME, and from the menu, select Delete.
You can also remove Oracle menu entries by using the following method:
1.
Right-click the Start button to display the pop-up menu.
2.
Select the Explore All Users option.
6-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Removing All Oracle Database Components
3.
Under Documents and Settings, expand the \Start Menu\Programs folder.
4.
Right-click and delete the Oracle - HOME_NAME folder.
Removing Oracle Directories
After removing all Oracle registry keys and restarting the computer, delete any
existing Oracle directories and files.
Use My Computer or Windows Explorer to delete the following directories:
1.
Delete the SYSTEM_DRIVE:\Program Files\Oracle directory.
2.
Delete all ORACLE_BASE directories on your hard drive.
3.
If Oracle Universal Installer was installed in a location other than the default,
delete this directory.
4.
Remove any Oracle temporary directory files from DRIVE_LETTER:\Documents and
Settings\user_name\Local Settings\Temp.
Removing Oracle Database Software
6-7
Removing All Oracle Database Components
6-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
A
A
Installing Java Access Bridge
This appendix describes how to install Java Access Bridge. Java Access Bridge enables
use of a screen reader with Oracle components:
■
Overview of Java Access Bridge
■
Setup for JRE 1.5
■
Setup for Oracle Installed Components
Note:
Java Access Bridge is not supported on Windows x64.
Overview of Java Access Bridge
Java Access Bridge enables assistive technologies, such as JAWS screen reader, to read
Java applications running on the Windows platform. Assistive technologies can read
Java-based interfaces, such as Oracle Universal Installer and Oracle Enterprise
Manager Database Control.
Your Oracle Database, Oracle Database Client, and Oracle Database installation media
contain the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.5, which Oracle Universal Installer uses
during installation. The JRE enables use of Java Access Bridge during installation. See
"Setup for Oracle Installed Components" on page A-1 for information about installing
and configuring Java Access Bridge after you install Oracle components.
Setup for JRE 1.5
To set up Java Access Bridge with JRE 1.5, stop your assistive technology, then run the
following batch file on the Oracle Database installation media prior to install:
DRIVE_LETTER:\install\access_setup.bat
After the batch file has run, restart your assistive technology program.
Setup for Oracle Installed Components
This section describes how to install and configure Java Access Bridge for Windows
after installing Oracle components. It contains the following topics:
■
Installing Java Access Bridge
■
Configuring Oracle Components to Use Java Access Bridge
Installing Java Access Bridge
A-1
Setup for Oracle Installed Components
Installing Java Access Bridge
To install Java Access Bridge, follow these steps:
1.
Go to the Sun Microsystem’s Web site and download Java Access Bridge:
http://java.sun.com/javase/technologies/accessibility/accessbridge/inde
x.jsp
2.
Select the accessbridge-2_0_1-manual_install.zip file and extract its files to the
system where you plan to install Java Access Bridge. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\AccessBridge-2_0_1
3.
Copy the Java Access Bridge files listed in Table A–1 into the JRE 1.5 directory
used by Oracle components. If the files already exist, overwrite them. By default,
the JRE installation used by Oracle components is installed in:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\jdk\jre\1.5
Table A–1 lists the files you need to copy from the Java Access Bridge location on
your hard drive to the JRE directory used by Oracle components:
Table A–1
Copy Files to JRE Directory
Copy
To
DRIVE_LETTER:\AccessBridge-2_0_
1\installerFiles\jaccess-1_4.jar
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\jdk\jre\1.5\lib\ext
DRIVE_LETTER:\AccessBridge-2_0_
1\installerFiles\access-bridge.jar
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\jdk\jre\1.5\lib\ext
DRIVE_LETTER:\AccessBridge-2_0_
1\installerFiles\JavaAccessBridge.dll
windows_directory\system32
DRIVE_LETTER:\AccessBridge-2_0_
1\installerFiles\WindowsAccessBridge.dll
windows_directory\system32
DRIVE_LETTER:\AccessBridge-2_0_
1\installerFiles\JAWTAccessBridge.dll
windows_directory\system32
DRIVE_LETTER:\AccessBridge-2_0_
1\installerFiles\accessibility.properties
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\jdk\jre\1.5\lib\ext
4.
You can access Java Access Bridge documentation located at
DRIVE_LETTER:\AccessBridge-2_0_1\doc
Configuring Oracle Components to Use Java Access Bridge
You can configure Oracle components to use Java Access Bridge after you complete
the installation. To do so, you need to set the system variable ORACLE_OEM_CLASSPATH
to point to the installed Java Access Bridge files.
Follow these steps:
1.
From the Start menu, select Settings, Control Panel, and then System to display
the Windows System control panel.
2.
Select the Advanced tab.
3.
Click the Environment Variables button.
4.
Click the New button under the System Variable list. The New System Variable
dialog box appears.
A-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Setup for Oracle Installed Components
5.
In the Variable Name field, enter ORACLE_OEM_CLASSPATH.
6.
In the Variable Value field, enter the full path to the jaccess.jar and
access-bridge.jar.
Use a semicolon to separate the two paths. Do not use quotation marks or
character spaces. For example, if JRE 1.5 is installed in the default location, the
setting is:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\jdk\jre\1.5\lib\ext\jaccess.jar;ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\jdk\jre\1.5\lib\ext\access-bridge.jar
7.
Click OK.
Installing Java Access Bridge
A-3
Setup for Oracle Installed Components
A-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
B
B
Optimal Flexible Architecture
This appendix describes the Optimal Flexible Architecture standard. It includes
information about the following topics:
■
Overview of the Optimal Flexible Architecture Standard
■
Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database 11g
■
Directory Tree Differences by Release
■
Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions
■
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations
■
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX
Overview of the Optimal Flexible Architecture Standard
The Optimal Flexible Architecture standard is a set of file naming and configuration
guidelines created to ensure well organized Oracle installations that are easier to
maintain.
You can think of Optimal Flexible Architecture as a set of good habits to adopt when
organizing Oracle directories and files on your computer. All Oracle components on
the installation media are Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant; that is, Oracle
Universal Installer places Oracle components in directory locations that follow
Optimal Flexible Architecture guidelines. Although using Optimal Flexible
Architecture is not a requirement, Oracle recommends that you use it if your database
will grow in size, or if you plan to have multiple databases.
The goal of Optimal Flexible Architecture is to prevent an entire class of problems that
can occur when you have different releases of Oracle software and multiple, growing
databases on your computer.
Oracle Universal Installer separates Oracle software executables from database files.
Previously, database files were placed in ORACLE_HOME\database, a subdirectory of the
Oracle home directory that also contained Oracle software.
Using Optimal Flexible Architecture, Oracle Universal Installer puts Oracle software
in ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME and database files in ORACLE_BASE\oradata. When you
upgrade a database to the latest release, the new Oracle software executables will be
placed in a different Oracle home directory. After you judge the upgrade as successful,
you can remove the old Oracle home directory and reclaim space, because the
database does not reside there.
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-1
Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database 11g
Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database 11g
For previous releases of Oracle Database, the Optimal Flexible Architecture
recommended Oracle home path was similar to the following:
c:\> oracle\ora92
In Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), the Optimal Flexible Architecture
recommended Oracle home path changed. The Optimal Flexible Architecture
recommended path is now similar to the following:
c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1
The ORACLE_BASE default does not contain version information but the default ORACLE_
HOME does.
Directory Tree Differences by Release
Optimal Flexible Architecture has necessitated changes to the Oracle Database
directory tree. This section lists the differences:
■
Top-Level Oracle Directory
■
Database File Names
■
Database File Name Extensions
Top-Level Oracle Directory
In an Oracle8i release 8.1.3 or earlier release, all subdirectories are located under a
top-level ORACLE_HOME directory that by default is c:\orant.
When you install an Oracle Database 11g Release 1, Optimal Flexible
Architecture-compliant database, all subdirectories are no longer under a top-level
ORACLE_HOME directory. There is now a new top-level Oracle base directory of the form
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username, where DRIVE_LETTER is any hard drive.
The Oracle base directory contains \ORACLE_HOME directories, \oradata directories (for
database files), \flash_recovery_area (for recovery operations), and \admin
directories (for database administration files).
Database File Names
In Oracle8i release 8.1.3 and earlier releases, database files have the SID in the database
file name. For example, the first control file is named ctl1SID.ora.
Beginning with Oracle8i release 8.1.4, database files no longer have the SID in the
database file name. For example, the first control file is named control01.ctl. There
is no need for the presence of the SID in the file name, because all the database files for
a particular database are placed in \oradata under a directory called DB_NAME that is
named for that database.
Database File Name Extensions
In Oracle8i release 8.1.3 and earlier releases, all database files have the same .ORA
extension.
In an Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant release, the convention of having .ora
as the filename extension for database files is no longer used. Database filenames now
have more meaningful extensions. These are:
B-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions
■
.ctl for control files
■
.log for log files
■
.dbf for data files
Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Naming Conventions
Optimal Flexible Architecture uses directory naming conventions that make it easy to
identify the precise Oracle home and database name that is associated with a set of
files. This section describes the naming conventions used for top-level directories of an
Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant database directory tree:
■
ORACLE_BASE Directory
■
ORACLE_HOME Directory
■
ADMIN Directory
■
ORADATA Directory
■
FLASH_RECOVERY_AREA Directory
ORACLE_BASE Directory
ORACLE_BASE is the root of the Oracle directory tree. If you install an Optimal Flexible
Architecture-compliant database using Oracle Universal Installer default settings, then
ORACLE_BASE is DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username.
If you are installing Oracle Database for Microsoft Windows on a computer with no
other Oracle software installed, then you can change the ORACLE_BASE directory before
running Oracle Universal Installer. Most users will not need or want to do this.
Do not change the value of ORACLE_BASE after you run Oracle Universal Installer for
the first time. If there is an existing ORACLE_BASE and you change it, then there will be a
conflict of Oracle base directories. If you create another ORACLE_BASE when the original
ORACLE_BASE already exists, then certain tools and the database will not be able to find
previously created files. They will look for them in the new ORACLE_BASE instead of the
original ORACLE_BASE.
See Also: Your operating system documentation for instructions
about editing environment variables
ORACLE_HOME Directory
The ORACLE_HOME directory is located under DRIVE_LETTER:\ORACLE_BASE, where
DRIVE_LETTER:\is any hard drive, and contains subdirectories for Oracle software
executables and network files.
If you install Oracle Database for Windows on a computer with no other Oracle
software installed and you use default settings, then the first Oracle home name
directory that you create is called \db_1.
ADMIN Directory
Database administration files are stored in subdirectories of ORACLE_BASE \admin\DB_
NAME.
In Oracle Database 11g, Automatic Diagnostic Repository (ADR) directories replace
the bdump, cdump, and udump directories for the database. The ADR diagnostic data
will go into the ORACLE_BASE\diag\rdbms\DB_NAME\instance_name
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-3
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations
Names and brief descriptions of some of these subdirectories are:
\create
\exp
\pfile
--database creation files
--database export files
--initialization parameter files
ORADATA Directory
Database files are stored in ORACLE_BASE\oradata\DB_NAME. Names and brief
descriptions of these files are:
CONTROL01.CTL
CONTROL02.CTL
CONTROL02.CTL
EXAMPLE01.DBF
SYSAUX01.DBF
SYSTEM01.DBF
TEMP01.DBF
USERS01.DBF
*.dbf
REDO01.LOG
REDO02.LOG
REDO03.LOG
--control file 1
--control file 2
--control file 3
--EXAMPLE tablespace data files
--SYSAUX tablespace data files
--SYSTEM tablespace data file
--TEMP tablespace data file
--USERS tablespace data file
--data files corresponding to each tablespace in your database
--redo log file group one, member one
--redo log file group two, member one
--redo log file group three, member one
This directory structure allows for disk striping only on UNIX
platforms. See "Support for Symbolic Links on Windows" on page B-7.
Note:
FLASH_RECOVERY_AREA Directory
The flash_recovery_area directory stores and manages files related to backup and
recovery. It contains a subdirectory for each database on the system. A flash recovery
area is an optional disk location that you can use to store recovery-related files such as
control files and online redo log copies, archived logs, flashback logs, and Oracle
Database Recovery Manager (RMAN) backups. Oracle and RMAN manage the files in
the flash recovery area automatically.
See Also: Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide to learn
how to create and use a flash recovery area
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations
The following sections describe various Optimal Flexible Architecture and multiple
Oracle homes configurations.
Specifying an ORACLE_HOME Directory
To install an Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant database, you must specify an
Oracle home directory in the Path field of Oracle Universal Installer. It is of the form:
DRIVE_LETTER:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1
where:
■
DRIVE_LETTER:\ is any hard drive. For example, c:\
■
\app\username is the ORACLE_BASE before performing the installation.
■
db_1 is the name of the Oracle home.
B-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Optimal Flexible Architecture and Multiple Oracle Home Configurations
The following are examples of Optimal Flexible Architecture-compliant Oracle home
directories:
■
c:\app\test1\product\11.1.0\db_1
■
d:\app\test2\product\11.1.0\db_1
Installing a Default Optimal Flexible Architecture Database: Example
This example shows how to create all Oracle homes within one Oracle base directory.
1.
Install any Oracle Database that supports Optimal Flexible Architecture (Oracle
Database release 8.1.6 or later) on a computer with no other Oracle software
installed and make sure that you accept the default settings for the Oracle home
(for example, c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1).
2.
Install any Oracle Database in a second Oracle home accepting the default settings.
Table B–1 shows the default Optimal Flexible Architecture database settings.
Table B–1
Default Optimal Flexible Architecture Database Settings
Setting
Value
ORACLE_BASE
c:\app\username (same for all Oracle homes)
Oracle home 1
c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1
Oracle home 2
c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_2
Installing a Nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture Database: Example 2
In this example, you install each Oracle home into its own directory, but they all share
the same Oracle base.
1.
Install any Oracle Database that supports Optimal Flexible Architecture (Oracle
Database 8.1.6 or later) on a computer with no other Oracle software installed and
change the default Oracle Universal Installer settings for the first Oracle home (for
example, from c:\oracle\ora81 to X:\xyz\oracle\abc).
2.
Install any Oracle Database and change the default Oracle Universal Installer
settings for the second Oracle home (for example, from c:\oracle\ora10 to
X:\pqr).
Table B–2 shows the nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture database settings for
this example.
Table B–2
Nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture Database Settings: Example 2
Setting
Value
ORACLE_BASE
X:\xyz\oracle
(same for both Oracle homes)
Oracle home 1
X:\xyz\oracle\abc
Oracle home 2
X:\pqr
The resulting directory tree would look similar to this:
X:\pqr
\bin
\network
X:\xyz
--Oracle home 2
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-5
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX
\oracle
\abc
\bin
\network
\admin
\DB_NAME1
\adhoc
\create
\exp
\pfile
\DB_NAME2
\...
\oradata
\DB_NAME1
CONTROL01.CTL
CONTROL02.CTL
CONTROL03.CTL
EXAMPLE01.DBF
SYSAUX01.DBF
SYSTEM01.DBF
TEMP01.DBF
USERS01.DBF
REDO01.LOG
REDO02.LOG
REDO03.LOG
\DB_NAME2
--ORACLE_BASE for both Oracle homes
--Oracle home 1
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and
UNIX
You implement Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX in the same
way. However, differences exist with regard to the following:
■
Directory Naming
■
ORACLE_BASE Directory
■
Support for Symbolic Links on Windows
See Also: Your UNIX operating system-specific administrator's
reference for information about Optimal Flexible Architecture on
UNIX
Directory Naming
Top-level names of the Optimal Flexible Architecture directory tree differ between
Windows and UNIX. However, main subdirectory names and file names are the same
on both operating systems.
ORACLE_BASE Directory
On Windows, Oracle base is associated with an Oracle home directory. ORACLE_BASE is
defined in the registry (for example, in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\KEY_
HOME_NAME).
On UNIX, ORACLE_BASE is associated with a UNIX user’s environment.
B-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX
Support for Symbolic Links on Windows
The goal of Optimal Flexible Architecture is to place all Oracle software under one
ORACLE_BASE directory and to spread files across different physical drives as your
databases increase in size.
On UNIX, although everything seems to be in one directory on the same hard drive,
files can be on different hard drives if they are symbolically linked or have that
directory as a mount point.
Windows currently does not support symbolic links, so data files will not show up
under a single directory as with UNIX. Instead, you may have oradata directories on
multiple drives, with data files in each one. This way, you get Optimal Flexible
Architecture benefits, even though data files are not all visible in a single directory.
Oracle recommends that you use one logical drive to store your database
administration files and that you place other files, as needed, on other logical drives in
an oradata\DB_NAME directory.
In the following example, there are four logical drives for a database named prod:
■
■
■
■
c:\ contains an Oracle home and database administration files.
f:\ contains redo log files. The F:\ drive could also represent two physical drives
that have been striped to increase performance.
g:\ contains one of the control files and all tablespace files. The G:\ drive could
also use a RAID Level-5 configuration to increase reliability.
h:\ contains the second control file.
The directory structure would look similar to this:
c:\app\username\product\11.1.0
--First logical drive
\db_1
--Oracle home
\bin
--Subtree for Oracle binaries
\network
--Subtree for Oracle Net
\...
\admin
--Subtree for database administration files
\prod
--Subtree for prod database administration files
\adhoc
--Ad hoc SQL scripts
\adump
--Audit files
\create
--Database creation files
\exp
--Database export files
\pfile
--Initialization parameter file
f:\app\username\product\11.1.0
--Second logical drive (two physical drives,
striped)
\oradata
--Subtree for Oracle Database files
\prod
--Subtree for prod database files
redo01.log
--Redo log file group one, member one
redo02.log
--Redo log file group two, member one
redo03.log
--Redo log file group three, member one
g:\app\username\product\11.1.0
--Third logical drive (RAID level 5
configuration)
\oradata
--Subtree for Oracle Database files
\prod
--Subtree for prod database files
CONTROL01.CTL
--Control file 1
EXAMPLE01.DBF
--EXAMPLE tablespace data files
SYSAUX01.DBF
--SYSAUX tablespace data files
SYSTEM01.DBF
--System tablespace data file
TEMP01.DBF
--Temporary tablespace data file
Optimal Flexible Architecture
B-7
Comparison Between Optimal Flexible Architecture on Windows and UNIX
USERS01.DBF
--Users tablespace data file
h:\app\username\product\11.1.0
--Fourth logical drive
\oradata
--Subtree for Oracle Database files
\prod
--Subtree for prod database files
CONTROL02.CTL
--Control file 2
B-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
C
C
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database
Using Response Files
This appendix describes how to use response files to perform silent or noninteractive
installations, configure network connections, and configure or start an Oracle
database. It covers the following topics:
■
How Response Files Work
■
Preparing a Response File
■
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File
■
Running Net Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
■
Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
How Response Files Work
You can automate the installation and configuration of Oracle software, either fully or
partially, by specifying a response file when you start Oracle Universal Installer.
Oracle Universal Installer uses the values in the response file to provide answers to
some or all of the Oracle Universal Installer prompts.
Typically, Oracle Universal Installer runs in interactive mode, which means that it
prompts you to provide information in graphical user interface (GUI) screens. When
you use response files to provide this information, you run Oracle Universal Installer
at a command prompt using either of the following modes:
■
■
Silent mode: Oracle Universal Installer does not display any screens. Instead it
displays progress information in the command window where you started it. To
use silent mode, you run setup.exe with the -silent parameter and include a
response file, which contains responses to the Oracle Universal Installer prompts.
Noninteractive (or suppressed) mode: Oracle Universal Installer only displays
screens for which you did not supply information in the response file. You can use
variables in the response file or command-line prompts to suppress other Oracle
Universal Installer screens, such as Welcome and Summary, that do not prompt
for information. To use noninteractive mode, run setup.exe without the -silent
parameter, but include the response file or any other parameters that apply.
You define the settings for a silent or noninteractive installation by entering values for
the variables listed in the response file. For instance, to specify the Oracle home name,
you would supply the appropriate value for the ORACLE_HOME_NAME variable, as in the
following example:
ORACLE_HOME_NAME="OraDBHome1"
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-1
How Response Files Work
Another way of specifying the response file’s variable settings is to pass them as
command line arguments when you run Oracle Universal Installer. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location> setup -silent "ORACLE_HOME_NAME=OraDBHome1" ...
This method is particularly useful if you do not want to embed sensitive information,
such as passwords, in the response file. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location> setup -silent "s_dlgRBOPassword=binks342" ...
Ensure that you enclose the variable and its setting in quotes.
See Also: Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for more
information about response file formats.
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Noninteractive Mode
Table C–1describes several reasons why you might want to run Oracle Universal
Installer in silent mode or noninteractive mode.
Table C–1
Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Noninteractive Mode
Mode
Uses
Silent
Use silent mode if you want to:
■
■
Complete an unattended installation
Complete several similar installations on multiple systems without
user interaction
Oracle Universal Installer displays progress information in the window
that you used to start it, but it does not display the Oracle Universal
Installer screens.
Noninteractive
Use noninteractive mode if you want to complete similar Oracle software
installations on more than one system, providing default answers to some,
but not all, of Oracle Universal Installer prompts.
If you do not specify information required for a particular Installer screen
in the response file, Oracle Universal Installer displays that screen. It
suppresses screens for which you have provided all of the required
information.
General Procedure for Using Response Files
You follow these general steps to install Oracle Database using response files:
1.
If you plan to use Automatic Storage Management and need to configure new
disks, you need to perform the following steps:
a.
Create partitions for DAS or SAN disks.
b.
Manually configure the disks using the asmtoolg or asmtool utility.
See Also:
■
■
2.
"Step 3: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for an Automatic
Storage Management Instance" on page 2-27
"Step 4: Manually Configuring Disks for Automatic Storage
Management" on page 2-29
Customize or create a response file for the installation settings that you need.
You can create the response file by using one of the following methods:
C-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Preparing a Response File
■
Modify one of the sample response files that is provided with the installation.
■
Run Oracle Universal Installer at a command prompt using record mode.
"Preparing a Response File" on page C-3 explains how to customize or create the
response file.
3.
Run Oracle Universal Installer from a command prompt, specifying the response
file, using either silent or noninteractive mode.
Windows Vista requires Administrator privileges at the
command prompt.
Note:
"Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File" on page C-5 explains
how to run Oracle Universal Installer with a response file.
Preparing a Response File
This section describes the methods that you can use to prepare a response file for use
during silent-mode or noninteractive-mode installations:
■
Editing a Response File Template
■
Recording a Response File
Editing a Response File Template
Oracle provides response file templates for each product and installation type, and for
each configuration tool. These files are located in the database\response directory on
the Oracle Database installation media.
Creating a response file using a response file template is most useful for the Enterprise
Edition or Standard Edition installation types.
Table C–2 lists the available sample response files:
Table C–2
Response Files
Response File Name
This File Silently Runs The...
enterprise.rsp
Enterprise Edition installation type of Oracle
Database
standard.rsp
Standard Edition installation type of Oracle
Database
personal.rsp
Personal Edition installation type of Oracle
Database
custom.rsp
Custom installation type of Oracle
Database
dbca.rsp
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
netca.rsp
Oracle Net Configuration Assistant
To copy and modify a response file:
1.
Copy the appropriate response files from the database\response directory on the
Oracle Database media to your hard drive.
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-3
Preparing a Response File
2.
Modify the response files with a text file editor.
In addition to editing settings specific to the Oracle Database installation, check
that the FROM_LOCATION path is correct and points to the products.xml file in the
stage directory in the installation media. You may want to set this variable to
point to an absolute path, for example:
FROM_LOCATION="\\myserver\database\stage\products.xml"
Remember that you can specify sensitive information, such as passwords, at the
command line rather than within the response file. "How Response Files Work" on
page C-1 explains this method.
See Also: Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for
detailed information on creating response files. In an installed Oracle
Database, select Start, then Programs, then Oracle - HOME_NAME,
then Oracle Installation Products, then Universal Installer Concepts
Guide. It appears in HTML format.
3.
Run the response file by following the instructions in the "Running Oracle
Universal Installer Using the Response File" section on page C-5.
Recording a Response File
You can create a response file by running Oracle Universal Installer in interactive
mode using record mode. This method is most useful for custom or software-only
installations.
Recording the response file generates the response file immediately after you complete
the Summary window, so you do not need to install Oracle Database to create the
response file. After you create the response file in this manner, you can customize it to
meet your needs.
If you want to use record mode during a noninteractive mode installation, Oracle
Universal Installer records the variable values that were specified in the original
source response file into the new response file.
You cannot use record mode to create a response file based on
the Basic installation type.
Note:
To record a response file:
1.
Ensure that the computer on which you are creating the response file has met the
requirements described in Chapter 2.
2.
At the command prompt, use the cd command to change to the directory that
contains the Oracle Universal Installer setup.exe executable.
Windows Vista requires Administrator privileges at the
command prompt.
Note:
On the installation DVD, setup.exe is located in the database directory.
Alternatively, navigate to the directory where you downloaded or copied the
installation files.
3.
Enter the following command:
C-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location> setup -record -destinationFile response_file_
name
Replace response_file_name with the complete path name for the new response
file. For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location> setup -record -destinationFile c:\response_
files\install_oracle11_1.rsp
4.
After Oracle Universal Installer starts, enter the installation settings, which will be
recorded in the response file.
5.
When the Summary window appears, do one of the following:
■
■
Click Install to create the response file and continue with the installation.
Click Cancel if you only want to create the response file but not continue with
the installation. The installation will stop, but the settings you have entered
will be recorded in the response file.
Afterwards, Oracle Universal Installer saves your new response file using the path
and file name you specified on the command line.
6.
Edit the new response file to have any environment-specific changes for the
computer on which you will run it.
In addition to editing settings specific to the Oracle Database installation, check
that the FROM_LOCATION path is correct and points to the products.xml file in the
stage directory in the installation media. You may want to set this variable to
point to an absolute path, for example:
FROM_LOCATION="\\myserver\database\response\stage\products.xml"
Remember that you can specify sensitive information, such as passwords, at the
command line rather than within the response file. "How Response Files Work" on
page C-1 explains this method.
7.
Run the response file by following the instructions in the "Running Oracle
Universal Installer Using the Response File" section, next.
Running Oracle Universal Installer Using the Response File
At this stage, you are ready to run Oracle Universal Installer at the command line,
specifying the response file you created, to perform the installation. On Windows
Vista, you must open the command prompt with Administrator privileges. The Oracle
Universal Installer executable, setup.exe, provides several options. For help
information about the full set of these options, run setup.exe with the -help option,
for example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location> setup -help
A new command window appears, with the "Preparing to launch..." message. In a
moment, the help information appears in that window.
To run Oracle Universal Installer and specify a response file:
1.
Place the response file on the computer where you want to install Oracle Database.
2.
At a command prompt, run Oracle Universal Installer with the appropriate
response file. On Windows Vista, you must open the command prompt with
Administrator privileges.For example:
DRIVE_LETTER:\setup.exe_location> setup [-silent] "variable=setting"
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-5
Running Net Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
[-nowelcome] [-noconfig] [-nowait] -responseFile filename
where:
■
■
■
■
■
■
filename: Identifies the full path of the response file.
-silent: Runs Oracle Universal Installer in silent mode and suppresses the
Welcome window. When you use -silent, then the -nowelcome option is not
necessary.
"variable=setting" refers to a variable within the response file that you may
prefer to run at the command line rather than set in the response file. Enclose
the variable and its setting in quotes.
-nowelcome: Suppresses the Welcome window that appears during
installation.
-noconfig: Suppresses running the configuration assistants during
installation, performing a software-only installation instead.
-nowait: Closes the console window when the silent installation completes.
See Also:
■
■
"Installing Oracle Products" in Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch
User's Guide for more information about installing using response
files
"Deinstalling Products" in Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch
User's Guide for more information about deinstalling using
response files
Running Net Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
When you run Net Configuration Assistant with a response file, you run it in silent
mode. This lets you configure and start an Oracle Net listener on the system, configure
naming methods, and configure Oracle Net service names. To run NetCA in silent
mode, use the netca.rsp response file.
On Windows Vista, you must open the command prompt with Administrator
privileges.
To create a Net Configuration Assistant response file:
1.
Copy the netca.rsp response file template from the response file directory to a
directory on your system.
The netca.rsp is located in the database\response directory on the Oracle
Database installation media.
2.
Open the response file in a text editor.
3.
Edit the file, following the instructions in the file.
Net Configuration Assistant fails if you do not correctly configure the netca.rsp
response file.
To run Net Configuration Assistant using the response file you just created:
1.
At a command prompt, set the ORACLE_HOME environment variable to specify the
correct Oracle home directory, for example:
c:\> set ORACLE_HOME = c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1
C-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
2.
Run Net Configuration Assistant in silent mode as follows, replacing local_dir
with the directory where you placed your version of the netca.rsp response file:
c:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin> netca /silent /responsefile /local_
dir\netca.rsp
For example:
c:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin> netca /silent /responsefile /c:\oracle_
response_files\mynetca.rsp
Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
You can run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in silent or noninteractive mode
to configure and start an Oracle database on your system. To run Oracle Database
Configuration Assistant in silent or noninteractive mode, use the dbca.rsp response
file.
On Windows Vista, you must open the command prompt with Administrator
privileges.
To create a Oracle Database Configuration Assistant response file:
1.
Copy the dbca.rsp response file template from the response file directory to a
directory on your system.
The dbca.rsp response file is located in the database\response directory on the
Oracle Database installation media.
2.
Open the dbca.rsp response file in a text editor.
3.
Edit the dbca.rsp file, following the instructions in the file.
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant fails if you do not correctly configure the
dbca.rsp response file.
To run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant using the response file you just
created:
1.
At a command prompt, set the ORACLE_HOME environment variable to specify the
correct Oracle home directory, for example:
c:\> set ORACLE_HOME = c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1
2.
Run Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in silent or noninteractive mode
using the following syntax:
c:\ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin> dbca {-progressOnly | -silent} -responseFile
/local_dir/dbca.rsp
where:
■
■
■
-silent runs Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in silent mode
-progressOnly runs Oracle Database Configuration Assistant in
noninteractive mode
/local_dir is the full path of the directory where you copied the dbca.rsp
response file template.
For example:
c:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin> dbca -progressOnly -responseFile
/c:\oracle_response_files\mydbca.rsp
Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files
C-7
Running Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Using a Response File
As an alternative to creating a database using a response file, you can run dbca at the
command line by specifying all the required information as command line options.
Database Configuration Assistant writes progress messages to stdout. For information
about the list of options supported, enter the following command:
c:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin\dbca -help
C-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
D
D
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization
Support
This appendix describes the following Globalization Support topics:
■
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
■
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
This section describes the following procedures:
■
Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages
■
Installing Translation Resources
Configuring Oracle Components to Run in Different Languages
You can specify the language and the territory, or locale, in which you want to use
Oracle components. The locale setting of a component determines the language of the
user interface of the component and the globalization behavior, such as date and
number formatting. Depending on the Oracle component, the locale of the component
is either inherited from the operating system session that started the component, or is
defined by the NLS_LANG environment variable.
The operating system locale usually influences Oracle components that are based on
Java technology. The NLS_LANG environment variable usually influences Oracle
components that use Oracle Client libraries such as OCI.
The user interface of an Oracle component will be displayed in
a selected language only if the appropriate translation is available and
has been installed. Otherwise, the user interface will be displayed in
English.
Note:
Determining the Operating System Locale
The locale setting of your operating system session determines the language of the
user interface and the globalization behavior for components such as Oracle Universal
Installer, Oracle Net Configuration Assistant, and Oracle Database Configuration
Assistant. It also determines the globalization behavior of Oracle Database sessions
created by a user application through Oracle JDBC driver, unless overridden by the
application.
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
D-1
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
Open the Control Panel from the Start menu to modify the operating system locale
settings. On Windows 2000, click Regional Options. On Windows XP and Windows
2003, click Regional and Language Options.
To set locale for the current operating system user on Windows 2000, select the desired
locale from the pop-up list in "Settings for the current user" area on the General tab.
On Windows XP and Windows 2003, select the desired locale from the pop-up list in
"Standards and formats" area on the Regional Options tab.
Some of the locales may be unavailable until you install required operating system
support files. On Windows 2000, make sure that the relevant language group is
selected in "Language settings for the system" area on the General tab. On Windows
XP and Windows 2003, make sure the relevant check boxes are checked in
"Supplemental language support" area on Languages tab.
Some Oracle components, such as SQL*Plus, require that also the Windows System
Locale is set to the language in which the components are to be run. System Locale is
called "Language for non-Unicode programs" on Windows XP and Windows 2003. To
set the System Locale on Windows 2000, click the "Set default..." button on the General
tab and select the locale from the displayed pop-up list. On Windows XP and
Windows 2003, select the locale from the pop-up list in the "Language for non-Unicode
programs" area on the Advanced tab.
Note: The operating system must be restarted after the System
Locale is changed.
See the operating system documentation for further
information about Windows locale settings.
Note:
Configuring Locale and Character Sets with the NLS_LANG Environment Variable
The NLS_LANG environment variable determines the language of the user interface and
the globalization behavior for components such as SQL*Plus, exp, and imp. It sets the
language and territory used by the client application and the database. It also declares
the character set for entering and displaying data by the client application.
The NLS_LANG environment variable uses the following format:
NLS_LANG=language_territory.characterset
In this format:
■
■
■
language specifies the language used for displaying user interface, error messages,
sorting, day names, and month names
territory specifies the conventions for default date, monetary and numeric
formats
characterset specifies the encoding of the database client, which is the character
set for data entered or displayed by a client program
In most cases, this is the Oracle character set that corresponds to the Windows
ANSI Code Page as determined by the System Locale.
The NLS_LANG parameter on Windows can be set
■
in Registry under the subkey corresponding to a given Oracle home,
■
as an environment variable.
D-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
When you install Oracle Database components and the NLS_LANG parameter is not yet
set in the Registry subkey of the target Oracle home, Oracle Universal Installer sets the
NLS_LANG parameter to a default value derived from the operating system locale for
the current user. See the following table.
Caution: AL32UTF8 is the Oracle Database character set that is
appropriate for XMLType data. It is equivalent to the IANA registered
standard UTF-8 encoding, which supports all valid XML characters.
Do not confuse Oracle Database database character set UTF8 (no
hyphen) with database character set AL32UTF8 or with character
encoding UTF-8. Database character set UTF8 has been superseded by
AL32UTF8. Do not use UTF8 for XML data. UTF8 supports only
Unicode version 3.0 and earlier; it does not support all valid XML
characters. AL32UTF8 has no such limitation.
Using database character set UTF8 for XML data could cause a fatal
error or affect security negatively. If a character that is not supported
by the database character set appears in an input-document element
name, a replacement character (usually a question mark) is
substituted for it. This will terminate parsing and raise an exception.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows for more
information about the subkey locations for multiple Oracle homes
Oracle Database Globalization Support Guide for information about
the NLS_LANG parameter and Globalization Support initialization
parameters
Table D–1 lists the default NLS_LANG values for various Windows locales.
Table D–1
NLS_LANG Parameter Values
Operating System Locale NLS_LANG Value
Arabic (U.A.E.)
ARABIC_UNITED ARAB EMIRATES.AR8MSWIN1256
Bulgarian
BULGARIAN_BULGARIA.CL8MSWIN1251
Catalan
CATALAN_CATALONIA.WE8MSWIN1252
Chinese (PRC)
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE_CHINA.ZHS16GBK
Chinese (Taiwan)
TRADITIONAL CHINESE_TAIWAN.ZHT16MSWIN950
Croatian
CROATIAN_CROATIA.EE8MSWIN1250
Czech
CZECH_CZECH REPUBLIC.EE8MSWIN1250
Danish
DANISH_DENMARK.WE8MSWIN1252
Dutch (Netherlands)
DUTCH_THE NETHERLANDS.WE8MSWIN1252
English (United Kingdom)
ENGLISH_UNITED KINGDOM.WE8MSWIN1252
English (United States)
AMERICAN_AMERICA.WE8MSWIN1252
Estonian
ESTONIAN_ESTONIA.BLT8MSWIN1257
Finnish
FINNISH_FINLAND.WE8MSWIN1252
French (Canada)
CANADIAN FRENCH_CANADA.WE8MSWIN1252
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
D-3
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
Table D–1 (Cont.) NLS_LANG Parameter Values
Operating System Locale NLS_LANG Value
French (France)
FRENCH_FRANCE.WE8MSWIN1252
German (Germany)
GERMAN_GERMANY.WE8MSWIN1252
Greek
GREEK_GREECE.EL8MSWIN1253
Hebrew
HEBREW_ISRAEL.IW8MSWIN1255
Hungarian
HUNGARIAN_HUNGARY.EE8MSWIN1250
Icelandic
ICELANDIC_ICELAND.WE8MSWIN1252
Indonesian
INDONESIAN_INDONESIA.WE8MSWIN1252
Italian (Italy)
ITALIAN_ITALY.WE8MSWIN1252
Japanese
JAPANESE_JAPAN.JA16SJISTILDE
Korean
KOREAN_KOREA.KO16MSWIN949
Latvian
LATVIAN_LATVIA.BLT8MSWIN1257
Lithuanian
LITHUANIAN_LITHUANIA.BLT8MSWIN1257
Norwegian
NORWEGIAN_NORWAY.WE8MSWIN1252
Polish
POLISH_POLAND.EE8MSWIN1250
Portuguese (Brazil)
BRAZILIAN PORTUGUESE_BRAZIL.WE8MSWIN1252
Portuguese (Portugal)
PORTUGUESE_PORTUGAL.WE8MSWIN1252
Romanian
ROMANIAN_ROMANIA.EE8MSWIN1250
Russian
RUSSIAN_RUSSIA.CL8MSWIN1251
Slovak
SLOVAK_SLOVAKIA.EE8MSWIN1250
Spanish (Spain)
SPANISH_SPAIN.WE8MSWIN1252
Swedish
SWEDISH_SWEDEN.WE8MSWIN1252
Thai
THAI_THAILAND.TH8TISASCII
Spanish (Mexico)
MEXICAN SPANISH_MEXICO.WE8MSWIN1252
Spanish (Venezuela)
LATIN AMERICAN SPANISH_VENEZUELA.WE8MSWIN1252
Turkish
TURKISH_TURKEY.TR8MSWIN1254
Ukrainian
UKRAINIAN_UKRAINE.CL8MSWIN1251
Vietnamese
VIETNAMESE_VIETNAM.VN8MSWIN1258
NLS_LANG Settings in Console Mode and Batch Mode
Before you can use Oracle utilities such as SQL*Plus, SQL Loader, Import, and Export
from the Command Prompt window, you may have to set the character set field of the
NLS_LANG parameter to a value different than the one set in Registry.
This is required because programs running in console mode use, with a few
exceptions, a different code page (character set) from programs running in GUI mode.
The default Oracle home NLS_LANG parameter in the Registry is always set to the
appropriate GUI code page. If you do not set the NLS_LANG parameter for the console
mode session correctly, incorrect character conversion can corrupt error messages and
data.
For Japanese, Korean, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Thai, and Vietnamese,
the console (OEM) code page is identical to the GUI (ANSI) code page. In this case,
D-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing and Using Oracle Components in Different Languages
you do not need to set the NLS_LANG parameter. For other languages, set the correct
character set value of NLS_LANG by issuing a SET NLS_LANG command in the same
Command Prompt window in which you want to start the affected utility.
Similarly, in batch mode, set the correct character set value of NLS_LANG by inserting a
SET NLS_LANG command at the start of the batch procedure, according to the character
set of the files to be processed in the procedure.
To find the current console code page, issue the CHCP command in the Command
Prompt window. Use the reported code page number to look up the corresponding
Oracle character set name in Table D–2.
Table D–2 lists the Oracle character sets that correspond to the console mode code
pages.
Table D–2
Oracle Character Sets for Console Mode (OEM) Code Pages
OEM Code Page
Oracle Character Set for Console Mode
437 (US)
US8PC437
737 (Greek)
EL8PC737
775 (Baltic)
BLT8PC775
850 (Multilingual Latin I)
WE8PC850
852 (Latin II)
EE8PC852
855 (Cyrillic)
RU8PC855
857 (Turkish)
TR8PC857
858 (Multilingual Latin I +
Euro)
WE8PC858
866 (Russian)
RU8PC866
874 (Thai)
TH8TISASCII
932 (Japanese Shift-JIS)
JA16SJISTILDE
936 (Simplified Chinese
GBK)
ZHS16GBK
949 (Korean)
KO16MSWIN949
950 (Traditional Chinese
Big5)
ZHT16MSWIN950
1258 (Vietnam)
VN8MSWIN1258
Installing Translation Resources
To view the user interface of Oracle components in different languages, you must
install the appropriate language translations along with the component. To select the
translation resources that you want to install:
Part of Oracle Database Vault user interface text is stored in
database tables in the DVSYS schema. By default, only the English
language is loaded into these tables. You can use Oracle Database
Vault Configuration Assistant to add more languages to Oracle
Database Vault. For the necessary steps, see Appendix C in Oracle
Database Vault Administrator's Guide
Note:
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
D-5
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
1.
Start Oracle Universal Installer.
2.
On the Select Installation Method screen, select Advanced Installation and click
Next.
3.
On the Select Installation Type screen, click Product Languages.
4.
On the Language Selection screen, select the language in which you want to use
Oracle components from the Available Languages field.
The Available Languages field lists all languages supported by
Oracle globalization libraries. The set of languages for which a
translation is actually available is usually smaller and depends on a
particular component. The scope of translation for a given component
may differ between languages. For example, some translations may
include all user interface text, while others may include only error
messages and no help files.
Note:
5.
Use the > arrow to move the selected language to the Selected Languages field,
and then click OK.
Oracle Universal Installer will ignore languages in the Selected
Languages field for which no translation is available.
Note:
6.
Select the products you want, and then click Next.
To install additional languages for a component, you will have
to reinstall this component.
Note:
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
The operating system locale determines the language in which Oracle Universal
Installer runs. Oracle Universal Installer may run in one of the following languages:
■
Brazilian Portuguese
■
English
■
French
■
German
■
Italian
■
Japanese
■
Korean
■
Simplified Chinese
■
Spanish
■
Traditional Chinese
To run Oracle Universal Installer in a desired language
1.
Change the locale for the operating system user and the System Locale as
described in the "Determining the Operating System Locale" section.
D-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
2.
Run Oracle Universal Installer by following the instructions in the "Installing the
Oracle Database Software" section.
If the selected language is not one of the listed earlier, Oracle Universal Installer runs
in English.
Configuring Oracle Database Globalization Support
D-7
Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages
D-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
E
E
Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers
This appendix lists the default port numbers and describes how to change the
assigned port after installation:
■
About Managing Ports
■
Viewing Port Numbers and Access URLS
■
Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components
■
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Management Agent Port
■
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console Ports
■
Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports
About Managing Ports
During installation, Oracle Universal Installer assigns port numbers to components
from a set of default port numbers. Many Oracle Database components and services
use ports. As an administrator, it is important to know the port numbers used by these
services, and to make sure that the same port number is not used by two services on
your host.
Most port numbers are assigned during installation. Every component and service has
an allotted port range, which is the set of port numbers Oracle Database attempts to
use when assigning a port. Oracle Database starts with the lowest number in the range
and performs the following checks:
■
Is the port used by another Oracle Database installation on the host?
The installation may be up or down at the time; Oracle Database can still detect if
the port is used.
■
Is the port used by a process that is currently running?
This could be any process on the host, even a non-Oracle Database process.
If the answer to any of the preceding questions is yes, Oracle Database moves to the
next highest port in the allotted port range, and continues checking until it finds a free
port.
Viewing Port Numbers and Access URLS
In most cases, the port number of the Oracle Database component is listed in the tool
used to configure the port. In addition, ports for some Oracle Database applications
are listed in the portlist.ini file. This file is located in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_
HOME\install directory.
Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers E-1
Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components
If you change a port number, it is not updated in the portlist.ini file, so you can
only rely on this file immediately after installation. To find or change a port number,
use the methods described in this appendix.
Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components
Table E–1 lists the port numbers and protocols used by components that are
configured during the installation. By default, the first port in the range is assigned to
the component, if it is available.
Table E–1
Ports Used in Oracle Components
Component and Description
Default Port Number
Port Range
Protocol
Oracle SQL*Net Listener
1521
1521
TCP
1521 (same value as the
listener)
1521
TCP
1630
1630
TCP
3938
1830–1849
HTTP
1158
5500–5519
TCP/HTTP
5520
5520–5539
TCP
5540
5540–5559
TCP
5660
5660–5679
TCP
Allows Oracle client connections to the database over the
Oracle SQL*Net protocol. You can configure this port
number during installation. To reconfigure this port, use
Net Configuration Assistant.
Oracle Data Guard
Shares the SQL*Net port and is configured during
installation. To reconfigure this port, use Net
Configuration Assistant to reconfigure the Oracle
SQL*Net listener.
Connection Manager
Listening port for Oracle client connections. It is not
configured during installation, but can be configured
using Net Configuration Assistant.
Oracle Management Agent
HTTP port for Oracle Management Agent, which is part
of Oracle Enterprise Manager. It is configured during
installation.
"Changing the Oracle Enterprise Management Agent
Port" on page E-3 explains how to modify its port number
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
HTTP port for Enterprise Manager Database Control. It is
configured during installation. "Changing the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Console Ports" on page E-3
explains how to modify its port number.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console
RMI port for Enterprise Manager Database Control. It is
configured during installation."Changing the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Console Ports" on page E-3
explains how to modify its port number.
Enterprise Manager Database Console
JMS port for Enterprise Manager Database Control. It is
configured during installation. "Changing the Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Console Ports" on page E-3
explains how to modify its port number.
Oracle Ultra Search
JMS port for Oracle Ultra Search. Its port number is
assigned automatically when you install Oracle Ultra
Search, by using the Custom installation type. "Changing
the Oracle Ultra Search Ports" on page E-4 explains how
to change its port number.
E-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console Ports
Table E–1
(Cont.) Ports Used in Oracle Components
Component and Description
Default Port Number
Port Range
Protocol
Oracle XML DB
Dynamic
Dynamic
HTTP
Dynamic
Dynamic
FTP
49896
49896
TCP
49895
49895
TCP
Dynamic
Dynamic
TCP
2030
2030
TCP
The Oracle XML DB HTTP port is used if Web-based
applications need to access an Oracle database from an
HTTP listener. It is configured during installation, but
you cannot view it afterward. "Changing the Oracle XML
DB Ports" on page E-4 explains how to change its port
number.
Oracle XML DB
The Oracle XML DB FTP is used when applications need
to access an Oracle database from an FTP listener. It is
configured during installation, but you cannot view it
afterward. "Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports" on
page E-4 explains how to change its port number.
Oracle Clusterware
Oracle Clusterware Daemon internode connection. The
port number is assigned automatically during
installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.
Cluster Synchronization Service (CSS)
CSS daemon internode connection for the GM layer. The
port number is assigned automatically during
installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.
Oracle Cluster Registry
The port number is assigned automatically during
installation. You cannot view or modify it afterward.
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
The port number for Microsoft Transaction Server is
configured when you enter its value in Oracle Universal
Installer during a Custom installation the first time you
install it on a particular computer. If you install it in
multiple Oracle homes on the same computer, Oracle
Universal Installer uses the same port number that you
specified during the first installation.
In most cases, you do not need to reconfigure the port
number. If you need to, you can edit its value in the HKEY_
LOCAL_
MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ORACLE\OracleMTSRecoveryService\
Protid_0 Registry Editor key.
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Management Agent Port
To find the current setting for the Oracle Management Agent port, search for EMD_URL
in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\host_sid\sysman\config\emd.properties file.
To change the Oracle Management Agent HTTP port, use the emca -reconfig ports
command:
emca -reconfig ports -AGENT_PORT 1831
Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console Ports
To find the current HTTP, RMI, and JMS port settings, search in the following files:
Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers E-3
Changing the Oracle Ultra Search Ports
■
■
■
HTTP port: Search for REPOSITORY_URL in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\host_
sid\sysman\config\emd.properties file.
RMI port: Search for the port attribute in the rmi-server tag in the ORACLE_
BASE\ORACLE_HOME\oc4j\j2ee\OC4J_DBConsole_host_sid\config\rmi.xml file.
JMS port: Search for the port attribute in the jms-server tag in the ORACLE_
BASE\ORACLE_HOME\oc4j\j2ee\OC4J_DBConsole_host_sid\config\jms.xml file.
To change the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console ports, use the emca
-reconfig ports command:
ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin> emca -reconfig ports option setting
where option can be:
■
DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT: Sets the HTTP port, for example:
emca -reconfig ports -DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT 1820
■
RMI_PORT: Sets the RMI port, for example:
emca -reconfig ports -RMI_PORT 5520
■
JMS_PORT: Sets the JMS port, for example:
emca -reconfig ports -JMS_PORT 5521
You can enter multiple -reconfig port settings in one line, for example:
emca -reconfig ports -DBCONTROL_HTTP_PORT 1820 -AGENT_PORT 1821 -RMI_PORT 5520
Changing the Oracle Ultra Search Ports
The following sections describe how to change the Oracle Ultra Search ports.
Changing the HTTP Port
To change the HTTP port, modify the port attribute of the web-site element in the
$ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_SEARCH/config/http-web-site.xml file:
<web-site port="5620"...>
Changing the RMI Port
To change the RMI port, modify the port attribute of the rmi-server element in the
$ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_SEARCH/config/rmi.xml file:
<rmi-server port="5640"...>
Changing the JMS Port
To change the JMS port, modify the port attribute of the jms-server element in the
$ORACLE_HOME/oc4j/j2ee/OC4J_SEARCH/config/jms.xml file:
<jms-server port="5660"...>
Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports
To change the Oracle XML DB FTP and HTTP ports, you need to run the
catxdbdbca.sql script, which in a default installation is located in ORACLE_
BASE\ORACLE_HOME\rdbms\admin.
To change the Oracle XML DB ports:
E-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports
1.
Check that the Oracle listener is running. To do so, in the Windows Services
utility, make sure that the Oracle TNS Listener service (for example,
OracleOraDb11g_home1TNSListener) is set to Started.
If you cannot start the listener, see Oracle Database Net Services Administrator's
Guide.
2.
Log in to SQL*Plus as SYS or XDB using the SYSDBA role.
For example, to log in to SQL*Plus as SYS using the password password:
DRIVE_LETTER:\sqlplus /nolog
SQL> CONNECT SYS AS SYSDBA
Enter password: password
3.
Run the catxdbdbca.sql script.
For example, to use 2200 for the FTP port and 8200 for the HTTP port, and
assuming your Oracle home is in the following location, enter the following
command:
SQL> @c:\app\username\product\11.1.0\db_1\rdbms\admin\catxdbdbca.sql 2200 8200
4.
Exit SQL*Plus.
Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers E-5
Changing the Oracle XML DB Ports
E-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
F
Troubleshooting the
Oracle Database Installation
F
This appendix contains the following information about troubleshooting:
■
Verifying Requirements
■
Encountering Installation Errors
■
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
■
Silent or Noninteractive Installation Response File Error Handling
■
Troubleshooting Host Name Changes and CSS
■
Troubleshooting Oracle Configuration Manager
■
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
■
Troubleshooting Inventory Issues
■
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation
See Also:
Chapter 6, "Removing Oracle Database Software"
Verifying Requirements
Before you try any of the troubleshooting steps in this appendix, do the following:
■
■
Check Chapter 2, "Oracle Database Preinstallation Requirements" to make sure
that the system meets the requirements and that you have completed all of the
preinstallation tasks.
Read the release notes for the product on your platform before installing it. The
release notes are available on the Oracle Database installation media. You can find
the latest version of the release notes on the Oracle Technology Network Web site:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/index.html
Encountering Installation Errors
If you encounter an error during installation:
■
■
Do not exit Oracle Universal Installer.
If you clicked Next after you entered incorrect information about one of the
installation windows, click Back to return to the window and correct the
information.
Troubleshooting the Oracle Database Installation F-1
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
■
■
■
If you encounter an error while Oracle Universal Installer is copying or linking
files, see "Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session" on page F-2 for interactive
installations or "Silent or Noninteractive Installation Response File Error
Handling" on page F-2 for more information.
If you encounter an error while a configuration assistant is running, see the
"Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants" section on page F-5.
If you cannot resolve the problem, remove the failed installation by following the
steps listed in the "Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation" section on page F-6.
Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
During an installation, Oracle Universal Installer records all the actions that it
performs in a log file. If you encounter problems during the installation, review the log
file for information about possible causes of the problem.
Note:
■
■
If you run Oracle Universal Installer during the time that
Windows Scheduler jobs are running, then you may encounter
unexplained installation problems if your Windows Scheduler job
is performing cleanup, and temporary files are deleted before the
installation is finished. Oracle recommends that you complete
installation before the Windows Scheduler jobs are run, or disable
Windows Scheduler jobs that perform cleanup of temporary files
until after the installation is completed.
Do not delete or manually alter the Inventory directory or its
contents. Doing so can prevent Oracle Universal Installer from
locating products that you install on your system.
By default, the log files are located in the following directory:
SYSTEM_DRIVE:\Program Files\Oracle\Inventory\logs
Log filenames from interactive installations take the form:
installActionsdate_time.log
For example, if an interactive installation occurred at 9:00:56 a.m. on October 14, 2005,
the log file would be named:
installActions2006-10-14_09-00-56AM.log
Silent or Noninteractive Installation Response File Error
Handling on page F-2
See Also:
Silent or Noninteractive Installation Response File Error Handling
To determine whether a silent or noninteractive installation succeeds or fails, check the
silentInstallActionsdate_time.log file, located in DRIVE_LETTER:\Program
Files\Oracle\Inventory\logs.
If necessary, see the previous section for information about determining the location of
the Inventory directory.
A silent or noninteractive installation fails if:
F-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Troubleshooting Oracle Configuration Manager
■
You do not specify a response file.
■
You specify an incorrect or incomplete response file.
For example, a common problem is that while all the product-specific data is filled
out correctly, the staging area location may be incorrect. If this is the case, check
the FROM_LOCATION variable and make sure that it points to the products.xml file
in the installation media. In the installation media, this products.xml is in
database\stage.
■
Oracle Universal Installer encounters an error, such as insufficient disk space.
Oracle Universal Installer or a configuration assistant validates the response file at
runtime. If the validation fails, the silent or noninteractive installation or configuration
process ends. Oracle Universal Installer treats values for parameters that are of the
wrong context, format, or type as if no value was specified in the file.
"Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session" on page F-2
for information about interactive installation log files
See Also:
Troubleshooting Host Name Changes and CSS
If you change the host name for ASM, then the Oracle CSS daemon will not start. In
order to counter this problem, use the following steps:
■
■
Run localconfig delete to deconfigure CSS. This will remove any configuration
related files on the system that referenced the old host name.
Run localconfig add to reconfigure CSS using the new host name.
For example:
C:\> ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\bin\localconfig [add] [delete]
[reset destination_Oracle_home] [-silent]
[-paramfile Complete_path_of_file_specifying_parameter_values]
Troubleshooting Oracle Configuration Manager
This section lists some of the errors that may occur while using Oracle Configuration
Manager and provides tips to troubleshoot these errors.
■
Insufficient Privileges While Running installCCRSQL collectconfig
When you run the installCCRSQL.exe script, it creates the ORACLE_OCM user and
sets up a job to collect database configuration information. The ORACLE_OCM user
requires EXECUTE privileges on UTL_FILE and DBMS_SCHEDULER for database
versions 10g or later, and on the DBMS_JOB for pre-10g databases. If these privileges
are granted to PUBLIC, the ORACLE_OCM user inherits these privileges, otherwise
these privileges are explicitly granted when the installCCRSQL.exe script is
executed. If the inherited privileges are revoked, the following errors indicating
the lack of privileges will be logged in the alert_log:
ORA-12012:
ORA-04068:
ORA-04063:
ORA-06508:
error on auto execute of job 52
existing state of packages has been discarded
package body "ORACLE_OCM.package_name" has errors
PL/SQL: could not find program unit being called
To resolve these errors, you must grant the missing EXECUTE privilege to the
ORACLE_OCM user.
Troubleshooting the Oracle Database Installation F-3
Troubleshooting Oracle Configuration Manager
–
For database versions 10g and later, grant EXECUTE privileges on the UTL_FILE
and DBMS_SCHEDULER packages to the ORACLE_OCM user by entering the
following SQL*PLUS commands:
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
–
execute
execute
PACKAGE
PACKAGE
on UTL_FILE to oracle_ocm;
on DBMS_SCHEDULER to oracle_ocm;
oracle_ocm.MGMT_DB_LL_METRICS compile;
oracle_ocm.mgmt_config compile;
For pre-10g databases, grant EXECUTE privileges on the DBMS_JOB package to
the ORACLE_OCM user by entering the following SQL*PLUS commands:
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
■
grant
grant
ALTER
ALTER
grant
grant
ALTER
ALTER
execute
execute
PACKAGE
PACKAGE
on UTL_FILE to oracle_ocm;
on DBMS_JOB to oracle_ocm;
oracle_ocm.MGMT_DB_LL_METRICS compile;
oracle_ocm.mgmt_config compile;
ORA-04021 Error
There may be cases when the ORACLE_OCM user needs to be granted the required
privileges during installation. While granting the privileges, the following error
may occur in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\ccr\log\collectconfigSID.log:
ORA-04021: timeout occurred while waiting to lock object SYS.<package like UTL_
FILE>
This error may occur if another procedure is using the package for which the
privileges are being granted. To resolve this error, retry the install when the
package is not being used. This error may occur while granting privileges on UTL_
FILE, DBMS_SCHEDULER, or DBMS_JOB.
■
ORA-01925 Error While Running installCCRSQL
This error may occur if the value of the MAX_ENABLED_ROLES initialization
parameter has been exceeded. To resolve this error, you must increase the value of
the MAX_ENABLED_ROLES parameter and restart the database as follows:
1.
Edit the initsid.ora file where sid is the database system identifier and
increase the value of MAX_ENABLED_ROLES . If a server parameter (spfile) has
been used, alter the MAX_ENABLED_ROLES parameter by using the following
SQL*PLus command:
SQL>alter system set MAX_ENABLED_ROLES=value scope=spfile
2.
Restart the database.
Once the database has been restarted, re-run the installCCRSQL.exe script.
■
Incorrectly configured host names are displayed on My Oracle Support (formerly
OracleMetaLink) with only the short names.
To ensure that host names are displayed with their fully qualified names on My
Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink), the
windir\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file must contain an entry that includes
both the host name and the domain in the following format:
IP-Address
Full-HostName
Short-HostName
For example:
10.10.10.10
myhost.mydomain
myhost
If the hosts file has not been correctly configured, only the short name is
displayed on My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink).
F-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
■
Oracle Configuration Manager Synchronization Messages: Oracle Configuration
Manager does not allow you to run multiple commands simultaneously. If you
attempt to do so, the following messages may be displayed:
–
Message: Another operation is in progress. Please wait...
Description: There are several Oracle Configuration Manager commands that
cannot run concurrently. If you try to run one of these commands while
another command is in progress, the second command will not be executed
until the first command is completed. A message indicating that another
command is in progress is displayed. The second command will automatically
be run when the first command is completed.
Commands: emCCR collect, emCCR getupdates, emCCR update_components,
and emCCR upload
Action: Initially, take no action, the second command will be executed when
the first command is completed. But if the command execution takes too long,
a timeout will occur. If a timeout occurs, ensure there is no Oracle
Configuration Manager activity by executing emCCR stop command. Delete the
ccr/state/collector.lock file and restart the Scheduler by running the
emCCR start command. If you are running the command in Disconnected
mode, ensure that no collection or update is taking place and then delete the
ccr/state/collector.lock file.
–
Message: Operation blocked, waiting...
Description: You cannot run the emCCR update_components command if any
other emCCR command is running. If you try to run the command, it will be
blocked. You also cannot run any emCCR command while emCCR update_
components is running as all other commands will be blocked.
Commands: configCCR and most of the emCCR commands
Action: Initially, take no action, the command will get executed when the
current command is completed. If a timeout occurs, ensure that there is no
Oracle Configuration Manager activity by executing emCCR stop. Delete the
ccr/state/semaphore.op* and ccr/state/semaphore.update* files, and restart
Oracle Configuration Manager by running emCCR start. If running the
command in Disconnected mode, ensure no collection or update is taking
place and delete the ccr/state/semaphore.op* and the
ccr/state/semaphore.update* files.
–
Message: The Scheduler is down for upgrade.
Description: While upgrading Oracle Configuration Manager, you cannot run
any of the emCCR commands.
Commands: All emCCR commands
Action: Retry the commands later.
Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
To troubleshoot an installation error that occurs when a configuration assistant is
running:
■
■
Review the installation log files listed in the "Reviewing the Log of an Installation
Session" section on page F-2.
Review the specific configuration assistant log file located in the ORACLE_
BASE\cfgtoollogs directory. Try to fix the issue that caused the error.
Troubleshooting the Oracle Database Installation F-5
Troubleshooting Inventory Issues
Note:
■
Make sure that there is no space in the path.
If you see the Fatal Error. Reinstall message, look for the cause of the problem by
reviewing the log files. See "Fatal Errors" on page F-6 for more information.
Configuration Assistant Failures
Oracle configuration assistant failures are noted at the bottom of the installation
window. The configuration assistant interface displays additional information, if
available. The configuration assistant execution status is stored in the
installActionsdate_time.log file.
The execution status codes are listed in the following table:
Status
Result Code
Configuration assistant succeeded
0
Configuration assistant failed
1
Configuration assistant canceled
-1
Fatal Errors
If you receive a fatal error while a configuration assistant is running:
1.
Remove the failed installation as described in the "Cleaning Up After a Failed
Installation" section on page F-6.
2.
Correct the cause of the fatal error.
3.
Reinstall the Oracle software.
Troubleshooting Inventory Issues
If you face any of the following situations for Oracle home, then run the opatch
lsinventory -detail command to list the contents of the inventory and see section
"Recovering from inventory corruption" in the Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch
User's Guide for information on fixing the issue.
■
Oracle home is cloned without completing the inventory steps.
■
There is bad inventory.
■
Inventory is not available but it is created when the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Agent is installed in a separate Oracle home.
Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation
If an installation fails, you must remove files that Oracle Universal Installer created
during the attempted installation and remove the Oracle home directory. Follow the
instructions in "Removing Oracle Database Software" to run Oracle Universal Installer
to deinstall Oracle Database, manually remove the Oracle directory, and remove
Oracle from the Registry Editor keys. Afterward, reinstall the software.
F-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Online Help Not Working
Images Displaying Incorrectly in Oracle Application Express
In "Configuring Oracle HTTP Server in a New Installation" on page 4-8, you added an
alias entry that points to the file system path where you copied the images directory. If
images in Oracle Application Express do not display correctly, you may have more
than one definition of the /i/ alias. To address this issue:
■
■
If possible, rename the first instance of /i/ to a different alias name.
Alternatively, copy the images from the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\apex\images
directory to the directory defined by the first /i/ alias.
Online Help Not Working
If users are accessing Oracle Application Express through a Virtual Host, online Help
will not work. Consider the following example:
■
■
The host name of the Oracle HTTP Server where the Oracle Application Express
DAD resides is internal.server.com and the port is 7777.
Users access Oracle Application Express through a Virtual Host. In their Web
browsers, users see external.server.com and port 80.
In this example, Oracle Application Express online Help will not work if the users
cannot access internal.server.com. To resolve this issue, add the following lines to
the Oracle Application Express Database Access Descriptor (DAD) to override the CGI
environment variables SERVER_NAME and SERVER_PORT:
PlsqlCGIEnvironmentList SERVER_NAME=external.server.com
PlsqlCGIEnvironmentList SERVER_PORT=80
Oracle HTTP Server mod_plsql User's Guide for information
on overriding the CGI environment variables and "Oracle Text
Requirement" on page 2-9
See Also:
Troubleshooting the Oracle Database Installation F-7
Online Help Not Working
F-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
G
G
Frequently Asked Questions About
Installation
Use the following guidelines to decide how to install Oracle Database components:
■
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client
■
Installing Oracle Database Tools
■
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
■
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client
The following are frequently asked questions with respect to installing Oracle
database:
■
■
I only need one instance of Oracle Database or I just want to install a test database
to get familiar with the product. How do I install Oracle Database for these
situations?
How can I create an Oracle database that can handle transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications?
■
What’s the best way to install multiple Oracle databases?
■
How do I configure client connections to an Oracle database?
■
■
■
■
What is the best way to install Oracle Database Client if my client nodes have
limited disk space?
How do I upgrade Oracle Database?
The computers at my site have been configured to run as a cluster. How should I
install Oracle Database?
How do I migrate my non-Oracle databases to Oracle Database?
I only need one instance of Oracle Database or I just want to install a test database
to get familiar with the product. How do I install Oracle Database for these
situations?
■
If you want a quick installation using the default installation settings, then see the
platform-specific Oracle Database Quick Installation Guide.
■
If your site has special requirements, then see this guide for more information.
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-1
Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client
How can I create an Oracle database that can handle transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications?
If you want to create a starter database designed for transaction-heavy or data
warehousing applications, then see to this guide for more details. Select the Advanced
Installation method, and then select the database type you want on the Select
Database Configuration screen.
See Also:
Oracle Database Data Warehousing Guide after installation
Alternatively, you can install Oracle OLAP during the Oracle Database installation.
Oracle OLAP provides optimal support for database environments that must meet
OLAP requirements. To do so, select Advanced Installation, then Custom, and on the
Available Product Components screen, select Oracle OLAP.
See Also:
■
Oracle OLAP User's Guide
■
Oracle OLAP DML Reference
■
Oracle OLAP Java API Reference
What’s the best way to install multiple Oracle databases?
Use this guide to install Oracle Database using either of the following methods:
■
■
Installing with response files: This method lets you run Oracle Universal Installer
at a command line using a response file that contains settings specific to each
computer.
Cloning an existing Oracle home: Install Oracle Database in one computer using
interactive mode. Afterwards, you can clone its existing Oracle home in each
location and then create a new database from there. You can also clone databases,
which is described in Oracle Database Administrator's Guide.
How do I configure client connections to an Oracle database?
1. Install Oracle Database on a server by using this guide for more information.
2.
Use platform-specific Oracle Database Client Installation Guide to install Oracle
Database Client on each client node, and select the Instant Client installation type.
If you have many client nodes, consider staging the software centrally, mapping
the drive, and running Oracle Universal Installer in the noninteractive mode.
If the client nodes only require a default installation into a new Oracle home
directory, consider using this guide for more information.
What is the best way to install Oracle Database Client if my client nodes have
limited disk space?
1. Install Oracle Database onto a server by using this guide for more details.
2.
Use platform-specific Oracle Database Client Installation Guide to install Oracle
Database Client on each client node, and select the Instant Client installation type.
If you have many client nodes, then consider running Oracle Universal Installer in
noninteractive mode.
How do I upgrade Oracle Database?
See Oracle Database Upgrade Guide.
G-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Tools
See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide if you want to use
software cloning to upgrade Oracle Database
The computers at my site have been configured to run as a cluster. How should I
install Oracle Database?
Use any of the following installation scenarios:
■
■
■
If you want to run a single-instance Oracle Database in a clustered environment,
then install Oracle Clusterware either before or after you install Oracle Database.
If you want a consolidated pool of storage for all databases in a cluster, then install
Oracle Clusterware first and use Automatic Storage Management to manage this
storage. Afterwards, install Oracle Database (which can be either single instance or
Real Application Clusters).
If you plan to use Oracle Real Application Clusters, first install Oracle
Clusterware, and then install Oracle Real Application Clusters.
See platform-specific Oracle Clusterware Installation GuideandOracle Real Application
Clusters Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows for the platform to install Oracle
Clusterware or Oracle Real Application Clusters. Oracle Clusterware is available on
the Oracle Clusterware installation media. See this guide which explains how to
install Automatic Storage Management as well as Oracle Database.
Oracle Clusterware is a key component required by Oracle Real Application Clusters
installations. Oracle Clusterware is an integrated cluster management solution that can
bind multiple servers together to act as a single system. This is referred to as a cluster.
It performs workload management and component restart. For example, when an
instance supporting a particular service fails, Oracle Clusterware restarts the service
on the next available instance that you have configured for that service. Oracle
Clusterware can monitor non-Oracle programs, as long as they are defined within the
Oracle Clusterware environment using the High Availability API.
How do I migrate my non-Oracle databases to Oracle Database?
Use Oracle Migration Workbench to migrate your non-Oracle databases and
applications to Oracle. Oracle Migration Workbench software and documentation are
available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/index.html
Installing Oracle Database Tools
The following are frequently asked questions with respect to installing Oracle
database tools:
■
How do I install Oracle Application Server?
■
How can I administer and monitor my Oracle Database products?
■
How do I manage security for my Oracle Database products?
■
How do I use Oracle Database to manage my XML data?
■
■
■
Does Oracle Database provide OLAP tools so that I can analyze data such as
trends and time series in my database?
Does Oracle Database provide data mining tools that I can use to discover hidden
meaning in my data and predict likely outcomes based on my data?
How do I perform backup and recovery operations for Oracle Database?
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-3
Installing Oracle Database Tools
■
■
Is Oracle Workflow included with Oracle Database 11g?
Is there a migration plan for customers that have built solutions using Oracle
Workflow?
How do I install Oracle Application Server?
See Oracle Application Server Installation Guide. How you install Application Server
depends on whether you already have Oracle Database installed:
■
■
If you do not have Oracle Database installed or you do not want Oracle
Application Server to use any of your existing Oracle Databases, then Oracle
Universal Installer lets you install Oracle Application Server with its own Oracle
Database. This database is populated with the metadata that Oracle Application
Server needs to run.
If you want Oracle Application Server to use an existing Oracle Database, then do
the following:
1.
From the Oracle Application Server installation media, run Oracle Application
Server Repository Creation Assistant to populate your database with the
metadata that Application Server needs.
2.
Install the remaining Oracle Application Server components by following the
instructions in the Oracle Application Server Installation Guide.
How can I administer and monitor my Oracle Database products?
To perform regular administrative functions such as creating, configuring, or deleting
databases, or managing database templates, use one of the following methods:
To manage only the single database and listener that you are installing:
1.
Use this guide to install Oracle Database.
2.
From Oracle Database, use Database Configuration Assistant to manage your
databases.
You can also administer and monitor the database with Oracle Enterprise
Manager Grid Control, which is installed by default with Oracle Database. Oracle
Enterprise Manager Grid Control includes the Oracle Management Agent, Oracle
Management Service, and Oracle Management Repository, as well as Grid
Control, a browser-based central console through which administrators can
perform all monitoring, administration, and configuration tasks for the enterprise.
See Also: Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic
Configuration available on the Enterprise Manager Grid Control
installation media
To perform advanced administration tasks, such as monitoring Oracle Database and
managing multiple hosts, application servers, and databases including the one that
you are installing, install Oracle Enterprise Manager as follows:
1.
Use this guide to install Oracle Database.
If you plan to use Oracle Real Application Clusters, then install Oracle Database
by using platform-specific Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide and Oracle Real
Application Clusters Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows .
2.
Use Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control Installation and Basic Configuration to
install and configure Oracle Enterprise Manager. For postconfiguration tasks, use
Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced Configuration.
G-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Tools
How do I manage security for my Oracle Database products?
Oracle provides a wide range of security solutions for your enterprise environment,
including centralized administration and security features integrated with Oracle
Internet Directory. The set of Oracle security services called Oracle Platform Security
integrates the security features built into Oracle Database, Oracle Application Server,
and the Oracle Identity Management infrastructure. Combined, these features enable
the development and deployment of secure e-business applications.
Oracle Identity Management includes Oracle Internet Directory, a centralized
repository that simplifies administration of users and applications in the Oracle
environment by means of the following components:
■
■
Oracle Internet Directory client tools, including LDAP command-line tools, the
Oracle Internet Directory SDK, and Oracle Directory Manager.
Oracle Internet Directory server components, including the directory server, the
directory replication server, the directory integration server, and various tools for
starting and stopping them.
Oracle Database includes the Oracle Internet Directory client tools, but not the Oracle
Internet Directory server components. To install the Oracle Internet Directory server
components, run Oracle Universal Installer from an Oracle 10g Application Server
installation.
See Also:
■
Oracle Application Server Installation Guide (to install Oracle
Identity Management)
■
Oracle Database Security Guide
■
Oracle Database Advanced Security Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Database Enterprise User Security Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Label Security Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Application Server Security Guide
■
Oracle Technology Network topics on database security:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/security/whatsne
w/index.html
How do I use Oracle Database to manage my XML data?
Use Oracle XML DB, which is installed as part of Oracle Database. Oracle XML DB
enables you to efficiently store, generate, retrieve, query, and manage XML data on
your site. Oracle XML DB provides all the advantages of a relational database, for
example, allowing you to control the referential integrity of XML data with constraints
and triggers. It works well with large amounts of XML data by storing it in a parsed,
relational form, which improves access performance.
Oracle XML DB supports XML Type, which is a native data type for XML data, for
which you can choose various storage options depending on your needs. In addition,
Oracle XML DB supports XML Schema processing, structured and unstructured
storage, a content repository that you can access by using common protocols (FTP,
HTTP(S), and WebDAV), and SQL/XML, which is a standard for SQL with XML. For
Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1), Oracle XML DB introduced support for the
XQuery language for querying, transforming, and constructing XML; the ability for
users to define their own metadata for schema-based XML; a set of new SQL functions
for DML operations on XML data; and more.
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-5
Installing Oracle Database Tools
You can use Oracle XML DB in conjunction with Oracle XML Developer’s Kit (XDK) to
build applications that run on either Oracle Database or Oracle Application Server.
See Also:
■
Oracle XML DB Developer's Guide
■
Oracle XML Developer's Kit Programmer's Guide
Does Oracle Database provide OLAP tools so that I can analyze data such as
trends and time series in my database?
Yes, install Oracle OLAP, which is provided in the Oracle Database installation. Oracle
OLAP provides optimal support for database environments that must meet OLAP
requirements.
Use either of the following methods in Oracle Database Installation Guide to install
Oracle OLAP:
■
When you run Oracle Universal Installer, select the Custom installation type, and
in the Available Product Components screen, select Oracle OLAP.
See Also:
■
■
Oracle OLAP User's Guide
■
Oracle OLAP DML Reference
■
Oracle OLAP Java API Reference
Select the Enterprise Edition installation type, and then on the Select Database
Configuration screen, select the Data Warehouse configuration.
See Also:
Oracle Database Data Warehousing Guide after installation
Does Oracle Database provide data mining tools that I can use to discover hidden
meaning in my data and predict likely outcomes based on my data?
Yes. Install Oracle Data Mining, which is provided in the Oracle Database installation.
With the Oracle Data Mining option, you can create and execute predictive and
descriptive data mining models that use a variety of algorithms.
Use the following method in this guide to install Oracle Data Mining:
1.
When you run Oracle Universal Installer, select the Enterprise Edition installation
type.
2.
In the Select Database Configuration screen, select the General
Purpose/Transaction Processing configuration.
See Also: The following manuals after you have installed Oracle
Data Mining:
■
Oracle Data Mining Concepts
■
Oracle Data Mining Administrator's Guide
■
Oracle Data Mining Application Developer's Guide
■
Oracle Data Mining Java API Reference
■
Oracle Database PL/SQL Packages and Types Reference (search for
Data Mining)
G-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
How do I perform backup and recovery operations for Oracle Database?
Use Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN), which is a backup and recovery tool
integrated into Oracle Database. This tool satisfies the pressing demands of
high-performance, manageable backup, and recovery. Recovery Manager is native to
the database server, automatically tracks database structure changes, and optimizes
operations accordingly. In addition, Recovery Manager is integrated with leading tape
media management products, so that Oracle database backups can be integrated with
your existing networked data protection infrastructure.
See Also:
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide
■
Oracle Database Backup and Recovery Reference
Is Oracle Workflow included with Oracle Database 11g?
Starting with Oracle Database 11g, Oracle Workflow is no longer released with the
database. Oracle Workflow will be available with the Oracle E-Business Suite releases.
Oracle Workflow statement of direction
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/overview/in
dex.html
See Also:
Is there a migration plan for customers that have built solutions using Oracle
Workflow?
Starting January 2006, customers are encouraged to re-create and implement
workflows using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Oracle is in the process of creating a
technical migration guide that will provide detailed recommendations for migrating
Oracle Workflow processes to Oracle BPEL Process Manager.
Oracle Workflow statement of direction
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/ias/overview/in
dex.html
See Also:
Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
The following are frequently asked questions with respect to installing Oracle
database with Oracle applications:
■
How do I install my Oracle applications with Oracle Database?
■
How can I create Web applications that communicate with Oracle Database?
■
Which Web server can my Oracle applications use?
■
How can I migrate my non-Oracle applications to Oracle?
How do I install my Oracle applications with Oracle Database?
In most cases, install Oracle Database itself, then install the Oracle application. The
Oracle Universal Installer for that application prompts you for the connection
information. Check the application documentation requirements.
If you need to implement your applications with Oracle Real Applications Clusters
databases, see Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for Microsoft
Windows,and platform-specific Oracle Clusterware Installation Guide.
How can I create Web applications that communicate with Oracle Database?
Install Oracle Application Express and a web server:
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-7
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
Use this guide to install Oracle Database. Oracle Application Express is automatically
installed, when you install Oracle database.
Which Web server can my Oracle applications use?
Install Oracle HTTP Server, which ships on the Oracle Fusion Middleware Web Tier
Utilities 11g (11.1.1.2.0) media in your media pack, or use the XML DB HTTP Protocol
Server and the embedded PL/SQL Gateway that installs with Oracle Database 11g
Release 1.
Use this guide to install Oracle Database.
How can I migrate my non-Oracle applications to Oracle?
Use Oracle Migration Workbench to migrate your non-Oracle applications to Oracle.
Oracle Migration Workbench software and documentation are available at:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/topics/index.html
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
The following section discusses about Gateway products:
How can my Oracle applications access data in a non-Oracle database system?
How can my Oracle applications access data in a non-Oracle database system?
You can use Oracle Database Gateway as the connectivity tool to enable Oracle
applications to access data in non-Oracle databases. The following are the functions of
Oracle Database Gateway:
■
■
Integrates a non-Oracle database into your Oracle Database environment.
Enables Oracle PL/SQL applications to integrate with APPC-enabled transactions,
or access messages in IBM Websphere MQ.
You can install the Gateway product on a computer independent of the Oracle
application, Oracle database, and non-Oracle database.
For example, suppose you have the following scenario:
■
■
■
Oracle Database is installed on a Linux computer.
The Oracle application is installed on a Microsoft Windows computer and accesses
data from the Oracle database on the Linux computer.
The Oracle application needs to join data in a DB2 database on Solaris Operating
System and an Oracle Database on Linux.
You have the option of installing the Database Gateway for DRDA on the Solaris
computer where DB2 is running, on Linux where Oracle is running, or on a third
computer.
Table G–1 lists the non-Oracle database systems that you can access from Oracle
applications, and the Gateways products that are available for those systems.
G-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
Table G–1
Oracle Gateway Products
Non-Oracle Database
Oracle Gateway Products and Documentation
IBM DB2 Universal
Database (UDB)
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
IBM DB2 z/OS
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA User's Guide.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA User's Guide.
IBM DB2/400
Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for DRDA User's Guide.
WebSphere MQ
Oracle Database Gateway for WebSphere MQ.
Oracle Database Gateway for WebSphere MQ Installation and User's Guide.
CICS/TS
Oracle Database Gateway for APPC.
IMSTM
Use Oracle Database Gateway for APPC Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft
Windows
SQL Server
Oracle Database Gateway for SQL Server.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for SQL Server User's Guide.
Sybase Adaptive Server
Oracle Database Gateway for Sybase.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for Sybase User's Guide.
Teradata
Oracle Database Gateway for Teradata.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for Teradata User's Guide.
Informix Server
Oracle Database Gateway for Informix.
Use Oracle Database Gateway Installation and Configuration Guide for Microsoft Windows
and Oracle Database Gateway for Informix User's Guide.
IMS
Oracle Database Gateway for IMS.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for Microsoft Windows, Oracle Database Gateway for IMS User's Guide, and Oracle
Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and Configuration Guide for
IBM z/OS
VSAM
Oracle Database Gateway for VSAM.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for Microsoft Windows, Oracle Database Gateway for VSAM User's Guide, and
Oracle Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and Configuration Guide
for IBM z/OS.
Adabas
Oracle Database Gateway for Adabas.
Use Oracle Database Gateway for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Installation and Configuration
Guide for Microsoft Windows, Oracle Database Gateway for Adabas User's Guide, and
Oracle Connect for IMS, VSAM, and Adabas Gateways Installation and Configuration Guide
for IBM z/OS.
Frequently Asked Questions About Installation G-9
Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)
G-10 Oracle Database Installation Guide
H
H
Country Codes
This appendix contains a list of valid country codes that can be used while installing
Oracle Configuration Manager.
Valid Country Codes
Table H–1 contains a list of countries and their short names (codes.)
Table H–1
Country Codes
Country
Short Name (Code)
African Other
AA
Andorra
AD
United Arab Emirates
AE
Afghanistan
AS
Antigua and Barbuda
AM
Anguilla
AI
Albania
AL
Armenia
AM
Netherlands Antilles
AN
Angola
AO
Antarctica
AQ
Argentina
AR
American Samoa
AS
Austria
AT
Australia
AU
Aruba
AW
Azerbaijan
AZ
Bosnia-Herzegovina
BA
Barbados
BB
Bangladesh
BD
Belgium
BE
Burkina Faso
BF
Country Codes
H-1
Valid Country Codes
Table H–1 (Cont.) Country Codes
Country
Short Name (Code)
Bulgaria
BG
Bahrain
BH
Burundi
BI
Benin
BJ
Bermuda
BM
Brunei Darussalam
BN
Bolivia
BO
Brazil
BR
Bahamas
BS
Bhutan
BT
Bouvet Island
BV
Botswana
BW
Belarus
BY
Belize
BZ
Canada
CA
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
CC
Central African Republic
CF
Congo
CG
Switzerland
CH
Cote D’Ivoire
CI
Cook Islands
CK
Chile
CL
Cameroon
CM
China
CN
Columbia
CO
Costa Rica
CR
Cuba
CU
Cape Verde
CV
Christmas Island
CX
Cyprus
CY
Czech Republic
CZ
Germany
DE
Djibouti
DJ
Denmark and Iceland
DK
Dominica
DM
Dominican Republic
DO
Algeria
DZ
H-2 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Valid Country Codes
Table H–1 (Cont.) Country Codes
Country
Short Name (Code)
Ecuador
EC
Estonia
EE
Egypt
EG
Western Sahara
EH
Eritrea
ER
Spain
ES
Ethiopia
ET
Finland
FI
Fiji
FJ
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
FK
Micronesia (Federated States Of)
FM
Faroe Islands
FO
France
FR
France - Overseas Territories
FX
Gabon
GA
United Kingdom
GB
Grenada
GD
Georgia
GE
French Guiana
GF
Ghana
GH
Gibraltar
GI
Greenland
GL
Gambia
GM
Guinea
GN
Guadeloupe
GP
Equatorial Guinea
GQ
Greece
GR
South Georgia and South Sandwich Island
GS
Guatemala
GT
Guam
GU
Guinea - Bissau
GW
Guyana
GY
Hong Kong
HK
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
HM
Honduras
HN
Croatia
HR
Haiti
HT
Country Codes
H-3
Valid Country Codes
Table H–1 (Cont.) Country Codes
Country
Short Name (Code)
Hungary
HU
Indonesia
ID
Ireland
IE
Israel
IL
India
IN
British Indian Ocean Territory
IO
Iraq
IQ
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
IR
Iceland
IS
Italy
IT
Jamaica
JM
Jordan
JO
Japan
JP
Kenya
KE
Kyrgyzstan
KG
Cambodia
KH
Kiribati
KI
Comoros
KM
Saint Kitts and Nevis
KN
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
KP
Republic of Korea
KR
Kuwait
KW
Cayman Islands
KY
Kazakhstan
KZ
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
LA
Lebanon
LB
Saint Lucia
LC
Liechtenstein
LI
Sri Lanka
LK
Liberia
LR
Lesotho
LS
Lithuania
LT
Luxembourg
LU
Latvia
LV
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
LY
Morocco
MA
Monaco
MC
H-4 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Valid Country Codes
Table H–1 (Cont.) Country Codes
Country
Short Name (Code)
Republic of Moldova
MD
Madagascar
MG
Marshall Islands
MH
Macedonia
MK
Mali
ML
Myanmar
MM
Mongolia
MM
Macau
MO
Northern Mariana Islands
MP
Martinique
MQ
Mauritania
MR
Montserrat
MS
Malta
MT
Mauritius
MU
Malawi
MW
Mexico
MX
Malyasia
MY
Mozambique
MZ
Namibia
NA
New Caledonia
NC
Niger
NE
Norfolk Island
NF
Nigeria
NG
Nicaragua
NI
Netherlands
NL
Norway
NO
Nepal
NP
Narau
NR
Niue
NU
New Zealand
NZ
Oman
OM
Panama
PA
Peru
PE
French Polynesia
PF
Papua New Guinea
PG
Philippines
PH
Pakistan
PK
Country Codes
H-5
Valid Country Codes
Table H–1 (Cont.) Country Codes
Country
Short Name (Code)
Poland
PL
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
PM
Pitcairn
PN
Puerto Rico
PR
Portugal
PT
Palau
PW
Paraguay
PY
Qatar
QA
Reunion
RE
Romania
RO
CIS-Comm. of Indep. States
RU
Rwanda
RW
Saudi Arabia
SA
Solomon Islands
SB
Seychelles
SC
Sudan
SD
Sweden
SE
Singapore
SG
Saint Helena
SH
Slovenia
SI
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
SJ
Slovakia
SK
Sierra Leone
SL
San Marino
SM
Senegal
SN
Somalia
SO
Suriname
SR
Sao Tome and Principe
ST
El Salvador
SV
South Asia Growth Economies
SX
Syrian Arab Republic
SY
Swaziland
SZ
Turks and Caicos Islands
TC
Chad
TD
French Southern Territories
TF
Togo
TG
Thailand
TH
H-6 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Valid Country Codes
Table H–1 (Cont.) Country Codes
Country
Short Name (Code)
Tajikistan
TJ
Tokelau
TK
Turkmenistan
TM
Tunisia
TN
Tonga
TO
East Timor
TP
Turkey
TR
Trinidad and Tobago
TT
Tuvalu
TV
Taiwan - Republic of China
TW
United Republic of Tanzania
TZ
Ukraine
UA
Uganda
UG
United States Minor Outlying Islands
UM
United States
US
Uruguay
UY
Uzbekistan
UZ
Vatican City State (Holy See)
VA
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
VC
Venezuala
VE
Virgin Islands (British)
VI
Vietnam
VN
Vanuatu
VU
Wallis and Futuna Islands
WF
Samoa
WS
Yemen
YE
Mayotte
YT
Serbia and Montenegro
YU
South Africa
ZA
Zambia
ZM
Zaire
ZR
Zimbabwe
ZW
Country Codes
H-7
Valid Country Codes
H-8 Oracle Database Installation Guide
Glossary
Automatic Storage Management disk group
A set of disk devices that Automatic Storage Management manages as a single unit.
Each disk device can be an individual physical disk, a multiple disk device such as a
RAID storage array or logical volume, or even a partition on a physical disk. You can
create the Automatic Storage Management disk group when you create the Automatic
Storage Management instance, or with Oracle Database Configuration Assistant.
Automatic Storage Management instance
The Oracle instance that manages Automatic Storage Management disk groups
Automatic Storage Management disk groups. It is created automatically when you
install and configure Automatic Storage Management. See also Oracle system
identifier (SID).
Automatic Storage Management
Enables creation of a single disk group from a collection of individual disk devices. It
balances I/O to the disk group across all of the devices in the disk group. It also
implements striping and mirroring to improve I/O performance and data reliability.
automatic undo management mode
A mode of Oracle Database in which undo data is stored in a dedicated undo
tablespace. Unlike in manual undo management mode, the only undo management
that you must perform is the creation of the undo tablespace. All other undo
management is performed automatically.
connect descriptor
A specially formatted description of the destination for a network connection. A
connect descriptor contains destination service and network route information.
The destination service is indicated by using its service name for the Oracle Database
or its Oracle system identifier (SID) for Oracle release 11.1 databases. The network
route provides, at a minimum, the location of the listener through use of a network
address.
connect identifier
A name, net service name, or service name that resolves to a connect descriptor. Users
initiate a connect request by passing a user name and password along with a connect
identifier in a connect string for the service to which they want to connect, for
example:
SQL> CONNECT [email protected]_identifier
Enter password: password
Glossary-1
control files
control files
Files that record the physical structure of a database and contain the database name,
the names and locations of associated databases and online undo tablespace, the time
stamp of the database creation, the current log sequence number, and checkpoint
information.
default domain
The network domain within which most client requests take place. It can be the
domain where the client resides, or a domain from which the client often requests
network services. The default domain is also the client configuration parameter that
determines what domain to append to unqualified network name requests. A name
request is unqualified if it does not have a "." character within it.
directory naming
A naming method that specifies a directory server to resolve a net service name into a
connect descriptor. The net service name is stored centrally in a directory server.
directory server
A Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)-compliant directory server. A
directory can provide centralized storage and retrieval of database network
components, user and corporate policies preferences, user authentication, and security
information, replacing client-side and server-side localized files.
external procedures
Procedure or function written in the C programming language and stored in a shared
library. An Oracle server can call external procedures or functions using PL/SQL
routines. For Oracle Database to connect to external procedures, the server must be
configured with a net service name and the listener must be configured with protocol
address and service information.
global database name
The full database name that uniquely distinguishes it from any other database in your
network domain.
For example:
sales.us.mycompany.com
where sales is the name you want to call your database and us.mycompany.com is the
network domain in which the database is located.
initialization parameter file
An ASCII text file that contains information needed to initialize a database and
instance.
instance
Process associated with a running Oracle Database instance. When a database is
started on a database server (regardless of the type of computer), Oracle Database
allocates a memory area called the System Global Area and starts one or more Oracle
Database processes. This combination of the System Global Area and Oracle Database
processes is called an instance. The memory and processes of an instance manage the
associated database's data efficiently and serve the users of the database.
Glossary-2
naming method
installation type
A predefined component set that automatically selects which components to install.
See "Oracle Database Installation Types" on page 1-12 for a list of installation types
available with each top-level component.
Interprocess Communication (IPC)
A protocol that client applications use that resides on the same node as the listener to
communicate with the database. IPC can provide a faster local connection than
TCP/IP.
listener
A process that resides on the server and whose responsibility is to listen for incoming
client connection requests and manage the traffic to the server.
When a client requests a network session with a database server, a listener receives the
actual request. If the client information matches the listener information, then the
listener grants a connection to the database server.
listener.ora file
A configuration file for the listener that identifies the:
■
Listener name
■
Protocol addresses on which it is accepting connection requests
■
Services for which it is listening
The listener.ora file resides in the ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\network\admin
directory.
An Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) does not require identification of the database
service because of service registration. However, static service configuration is
required for an Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) if you plan to use Oracle
Enterprise Manager.
local naming
A naming method that resolves a net service name into a connect descriptor. This
name is configured and stored in the tnsnames.ora file on each individual client.
manual undo management mode
A mode of the database in which undo blocks are stored in user-managed rollback
segments.
naming method
A resolution method used by a client application to resolve a connect identifier to a
network address when attempting to connect to a database service. Oracle Net
Services supports the following naming methods:
■
Local naming
■
Directory naming
■
Host naming
■
External naming
Glossary-3
net service name
net service name
A simple name for a service that resolves to a connect descriptor. Users initiate a
connect request by passing a user name and password along with a net service name
in a connect string for the service to which they want to connect:
SQL> CONNECT user_name
Enter password: password
SQL> @net_service_name
Depending on your needs, net service names can be stored in a variety of places,
including:
■
Local configuration file, tnsnames.ora, on each client
■
Directory server
■
External naming service, such as Network Information Service (NIS) or Cell
Directory Service (CDS)
OPS$
Acronym for operating system specific. The initialization file parameter OS_AUTHENT_
PREFIX enables users to specify a prefix that Oracle uses to authenticate users
attempting to connect to the database. Oracle concatenates the value of this parameter
to the beginning of the user's operating system account name and password. When a
connection request is attempted, Oracle compares the prefixed user name with Oracle
user names in the database.
The default value of this parameter is "" (a null string), thereby eliminating the
addition of any prefix to operating system account names. In earlier releases, OPS$ was
the default setting.
ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_BASE is the root of the Oracle Database directory tree. The Oracle Base
directory is the top level directory that you can use to install the various oracle
software products. You can use the same Oracle base directory for more than one
installation. If you install an OFA-compliant database using Oracle Universal Installer
defaults, then ORACLE_BASE is X:\oracle\product\11.1.0 where X is any hard drive
(for example, C:\oracle\product\11.1.0).
ORACLE_HOME
Corresponds to the environment in which Oracle Database products run. This
environment includes location of installed product files, PATH variable pointing to
products' binary files, registry entries, net service name, and program groups.
If you install an OFA-compliant database, using Oracle Universal Installer defaults,
Oracle home (known as \ORACLE_HOME in this guide) is located beneath X:\ORACLE_
BASE. The default Oracle home is db_n where n is the Oracle home number. It contains
subdirectories for Oracle Database software executables and network files. See also
Oracle home.
Oracle home
The directory path to install Oracle components (for example,
C:\app\oracle\product\11.1.0\db_n). You are prompted to enter an Oracle home in
the Path field of the Specify File Locations window. See also ORACLE_HOME, Oracle
home name.
Glossary-4
repository
Oracle home name
The name of the current Oracle home, for example, Db_1. Each Oracle home has a
home name that distinguishes it from all other Oracle homes on your computer.
During installation, you are prompted to enter an Oracle home name in the Name
field on the Specify File Locations window.
Oracle schema
A set of rules that determine what can be stored in an LDAP-compliant directory
server. Oracle has its own schema that is applied to many types of Oracle entries,
including Oracle Net Services entries. The Oracle schema for Oracle Net Services
entries includes the attributes the entries may contain.
Oracle Documentation Library
The media in your kit that includes the Oracle Database documentation. The Oracle
Documentation Library is separate from the installation media.
The Oracle Documentation Library does not include this installation guide or Oracle
Database Release Notes for Microsoft Windows. These documents are included on the
media labeled Oracle Database 11g Release 1 (11.1) and are available on Oracle
Technology Network (OTN).
Oracle Net foundation layer
A networking communication layer that establishes and maintains the connection
between the client application and server, as well as exchanging messages between
them.
protocol address
An address that identifies the network address of a network object.
When a connection is made, the client and the receiver of the request, such as the
listener, or Oracle Connection Manager, are configured with identical protocol
addresses. The client uses this address to send the connection request to a particular
network object location, and the recipient "listens" for requests on this address. It is
important to install the same protocols for the client and the connection recipient, and
to configure the same addresses.
raw partitions
Portions of a physical disk that are accessed at the lowest possible disk (block) level.
redo log files
Files that contain a record of all changes made to data in the database buffer cache. If
an instance failure occurs, then an administrator can use the redo log files to recover
the modified data that was in memory.
registry
A Windows repository that stores configuration information for a computer.
repository
A set of tables located in any Oracle database accessible to the Oracle Management
Server. Oracle Management Server uses a repository to store all system data and
application data, information about the state of managed nodes distributed
throughout the environment, as well as information about the separately licensable
management packs.
Glossary-5
service registration
service registration
A feature by which the PMON process (an instance background process)
automatically registers information with a listener. Because this information is
registered with the listener, the listener.ora file does not need to be configured with
this static information.
Service registration provides the listener with the following information:
■
Service name(s) for each running instance of the database
■
Instance name(s) of the database
■
Service handlers (dispatchers and dedicated servers) available for each instance
This allows the listener to direct a client's request appropriately.
■
Dispatcher, instance, and node load information
This allows the listener to determine which dispatcher can best handle a client
connection's request. If all dispatchers are blocked, the listener can spawn a
dedicated server for the connection.
This information allows the listener to determine how best to service a client
connection request.
SID
The Oracle system identifier that distinguishes the database from all other databases
on your computer. The SID automatically defaults to the database name portion of the
global database name (sales in the example sales.us.mycompany.com) until you reach
eight characters or enter a period. You can accept or change the default value.
The SID can also see an Automatic Storage Management instance SID, available when
you install Automatic Storage Management.
sqlnet.ora file
A configuration file for the client or server that specifies the:
■
Client domain to append to unqualified service names or net service names
■
Order of naming methods for the client to use when resolving a name
■
Logging and tracing features to use
■
Route of connections
■
External naming parameters
■
Oracle Advanced Security parameters
The sqlnet.ora file resides in ORACLE_BASE\ORACLE_HOME\network\admin.
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)
An industry standard protocol designed by Netscape Communications Corporation
for securing network connections. SSL provides authentication, encryption, and data
integrity using public key infrastructure (PKI).
SSL
See Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).
System Global Area
A group of shared memory structures that contain data and control information for an
Oracle Database instance.
Glossary-6
unqualified name
system identifier
See SID.
tablespace
A logical storage unit within a database. Tablespaces are divided into logical units of
storage called segments, which are further divided into extents.
tnsnames.ora file
A configuration file that contains net service names mapped to connect descriptors.
This file is used for the local naming method. The tnsnames.ora file resides in ORACLE_
BASE\ORACLE_HOME\network\admin.
undo tablespace
An tablespace that contains one or more undo segments. The creation of any other
types of segment (for example, tables, indexes) in undo tablespaces is not allowed.
In the automatic mode, each Oracle instance is assigned one and only one undo
tablespace. Each undo tablespace is composed of a set of undo files. Undo blocks are
grouped in extents. At any point in time, an extent is either allocated to (and used by)
a transaction table, or is free.
Blocks in undo tablespaces are grouped into the following categories:
■
■
■
File control blocks, bitmap blocks, and so forth used for space management
Undo segments containing transaction table blocks, undo blocks, and extent-map
blocks used for transaction management
Free blocks that are unallocated to file control or undo segments
unqualified name
A net service name that does not contain a network domain.
Glossary-7
unqualified name
Glossary-8
Index
A
accessibility software, Java Access Bridge, A-1
accounts
ANONYMOUS, 5-7
APEX_PUBLIC_USER, 5-7
BI, 5-7
CTXSYS, 5-7
DBSNMP, 5-7
DIP, 5-7
DV_SYS, 5-9
EXFSYS, 5-7
FLOWS_030000, 5-7
FLOWS_FILES, 5-7
HR, 5-7
IX, 5-7
LBACSYS, 5-7
MDDATA, 5-7
MDSYS, 5-7
MGMT_VIEW, 5-8
OE, 5-8
ORACLE_OCM, 5-8
ORDPLUGINS, 5-8
ORDSYS, 5-8
OUTLN, 5-8
OWBSYS, 5-8
PM, 5-8
SCOTT, 5-8
SH, 5-8
SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA, 5-8
SYS, 5-8
SYSMAN, 5-8
SYSTEM, 5-8
WK_SYS, 5-9
WK_TEST, 5-8
WKPROXY, 5-8
WMSYS, 5-8
XDB, 5-9
admin directory, B-3
administrative user names, listed, 5-7
Administrators group, requirements for Oracle
installations, 3-2
advanced
preconfigured database type, 1-13
Advanced installation method
about, 1-11
computers with minimum memory, 3-3
See also Basic installation method
AL24UTFFSS character set
upgrade considerations, 1-21
AL32UTF8 character set
upgrade considerations, 1-21, D-3
aliases, multiple on computers, 2-13
ANONYMOUS administrative user name, 5-7
APEX_PUBLIC_USER administrative user
name, 5-7
APPC-enabled databases, G-9
Application Express
getting started, 4-20
logging in to, 4-20
setting up, 4-20
user roles, 4-20
Application Express Administration Services, 4-20
Application Express administrator, 4-20
Application Express user roles
Application Express administrator, 4-20
developer, 4-20
end user, 4-20
workspace administrator, 4-20
applications, migrating non-Oracle applications to
Oracle, G-8
ASM. See Automatic Storage Management
asmtool utility, 2-30
asmtoolg utility, 2-29
authentication support
preinstallation requirements, 2-31
Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
ASM asmcmd utility, 5-5
ASM disk groups
about, 1-15
creating, 3-16
managing, 5-5
recommendations for, 2-23
redundancy levels, 2-23
templates, 1-15
ASM instance
about, 1-15
creating, 3-16
asmtool utility, 2-30
asmtoolg utility, 2-29
configuring disks, 2-22 to 2-26
configuring from Advanced installation
Index-1
method, 1-11
configuring Oracle Database to communicate
with, 4-31
considerations before installing, 3-16
DAS disks, 2-27
disk devices, 1-15
disk groups. See ASM disk groups
disks, supported, 2-27
Enterprise Manager Migrate Database
wizard, 3-18
failure groups
characteristics, 2-24
examples, 2-25
identifying, 2-25
getting started using, 5-4
installation testing, 3-21
installing, 3-15 to 3-21
managing, 5-5
migrating existing databases to, 3-18
mirroring, 2-23
Oracle home location for new installation, 3-16
partition creation, 2-27
password file, 3-16
redundancy levels, 2-23
removing an instance, 6-5
running multiple databases in single server, 3-16
SAN disks, 2-27
silent or noninteractive mode installations, C-2
space required for preconfigured database, 2-24
SPFILE server parameter file, 3-16
starting and stopping, 5-4
storage option for data files, 2-20
templates, 1-15
upgrade advantages with separate Oracle
homes, 3-16
upgrading, 3-12
B
backups of database
automatic, enabling, 1-19
automatic, in advanced install method, 1-11
flash_area_recovery directory, B-4
Oracle Database Recovery Manager, G-7
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control, 1-19
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control, 1-19
perform before upgrading, 3-2
Basic installation method
about, 1-11
computers with minimum memory, 3-3
silent or noninteractive installations, C-4
See also Advanced installation method
BI administrative user name, 5-7
bind order of the adapters
about, 2-14
Business Components for Java (BC4J), 2-11
Index-2
C
certification, hardware and software, 1-6, 2-9
Character Set Scanner, 1-21
character sets
AL24UTFFSS, upgrading, 1-21
upgrading, from Advanced installation
method, 1-11
UTF8, 1-21
cloning an Oracle home, 3-21
cluster file system, storage option for data files, 2-20
Cluster Ready Services (CSS). See Oracle Clusterware
Cluster Synchronization Services (CSS)
about, 1-7
Automatic Storage Management, 1-15
ports, ranges and protocol, E-3
postinstallation, 4-27
removing, 6-2
clusters
installation guidelines, 3-3
See also Oracle Clusterware, Oracle Real
Application Clusters
commands
configCCR, 4-21
emCCR collect, 4-21
compilers
supported, 2-5, 2-7
components
for single Oracle homes, 1-10
installation of single Oracle home
components, 1-10
computers with multiple aliases, 2-13
computers, non-networked, 2-13
configuration assistants
suppressing during silent or noninteractive
installation, C-6
troubleshooting, F-5
See also Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
(DBCA), Net Configuration Assistant (NetCA)
configuring
Oracle Application Server 11g (new), 4-11
Oracle HTTP Server (new), 4-8
Oracle HTTP Server 11g (new), 4-11
configuring disks for ASM, 2-22 to 2-26
Connection Manager
ports, ranges and protocol, E-2
control files
about, 5-14
country codes, H-1
CRS. See Oracle Clusterware
CSS. See Cluster Synchronization Services
CTXSYS administrative user name, 5-7
custom database
failure groups for ASM, 2-25
requirements when using Automatic Storage
Management, 2-24
Custom installation, 1-2, 1-12, 3-10
custom installation type
about, 1-11
response file, C-3
custom.rsp file, C-3
CyberSafe Adapter Support, 2-11
D
dadTool.pl utility, 4-19
DAS (direct attached storage) disks, 2-27
data files
about, 5-12
creating separate directories for, 2-22
managing with Automatic Storage
Management, 1-14
minimum disk space for, 2-21
options for placing on file systems, 2-20
recommendations for file system, 2-20
storage options, 2-20
data loss
minimizing with Automatic Storage
Management, 2-24
data mining tools
Oracle Data Mining, G-6
data warehousing
Enterprise Edition installation type, 1-12
preconfigured database type, 1-13
data warehousing tool
Oracle OLAP, G-6
database configuration collections, 4-21
Database Control. See Oracle Enterprise Manager
Database Control
Database Custom installation type, defined, 1-12
Database Gateway for ODBC
support status, 2-11
Database Upgrade Assistant, computers with
minimum memory, 3-3
databases
accounts, listed, 5-7
Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
requirements, 2-23
backup, 1-11, 1-19
cloning an Oracle home, 3-21
control files, 5-14
custom, management options, 1-18
data files, 5-12
downgrading, 1-21
initialization parameter file, 5-11
naming, 3-14, 3-19
non-Oracle
APPC-enabled, G-9
non-Oracle, listed, G-9
OLAP support (Oracle OLAP), G-6
preconfigured, management options, 1-18
recovery configuration, 1-11
recovery using backups, 1-19
recovery with Oracle Backup and Recovery, G-7
redo log files, 5-13
removing, 6-1 to 6-7
removing Oracle HTML DB, 6-2
security management, G-5
starting, 5-3
stopping, 5-3
storage options, 1-14
tablespaces, 5-12
types, preconfigured, 1-13
upgrade requirements, 1-20
upgrading, 3-12
DB_DOMAIN parameter, 5-11
DB_NAME
parameter, 5-11
DB2 database, G-9
DB2 z/OS database, G-9
DB2/400 database, G-9
DBCA. See Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
dbca.rsp file
about, C-3
using, C-7
DBSNMP administrative user name
about, 5-7
DCE Adapter, 2-11
DCE Adapter Support, 2-10
default control files, 5-14
default data files, 5-12
default initialization parameter file, init.ora, 5-11
default tablespaces, 5-12
deprecated and desupported components, xxvi
developer, 4-20
device names
creating with asmtool, 2-30
creating with asmtoolg, 2-29
DHCP computers, installing on, 2-12
differences between installing Oracle on Windows
and UNIX, 1-5
DIP administrative user name, 5-7
directory
creating separate data file directories, 2-22
database file directory, 2-20
disk devices
in Automatic Storage Management, 1-15
managing with Automatic Storage
Management, 1-14
multiple, 1-14
disk space
checking, 2-4
requirements for preconfigured database in
ASM, 2-24
diskpart.exe tool
about, 2-28
syntax, 2-28
disks
configuring for Automatic Storage
Management, 2-22 to 2-26
supported for Automatic Storage
Management, 2-27
documentation
additional Oracle documentation, xii
on using Oracle Universal Installer, 1-9
downgrading databases, 1-21
DV_SYS administrative user name, 5-9
DVD drive, installing from, 3-6
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. See DHCP
Index-3
E
e-mail notifications, 1-20
embedded PL/SQL gateway
about, 4-5
configuring (new), 4-7
disabling, 4-7
enabling, 4-7
end user, 4-20
Enterprise Edition installation type
about, 1-12
response file, C-3
Enterprise Manager Database Control. See Oracle
Enterprise Manager Database Control
Enterprise Manager. See Oracle Enterprise Manager
enterprise.rsp file
about, C-3
Entrust PKI Support, 2-10, 2-11
environment variables
NLS_LANG, D-2
ORACLE_BASE
set in Registry, 1-5
ORACLE_HOME
preventing installation, 3-2
set in Registry, 1-5
ORACLE_HOSTNAME, 2-13
ORACLE_SID
set in Registry, 1-5
PATH
set in Registry, 1-5
TEMP and TMP
hardware requirements, 2-4
errors
configuration assistants, F-5
installation, F-2, F-6
silent mode, F-2
EXAMPLE tablespace
description, 5-12
example01.DBF data file, 5-12
EXAMPLE tablespace, Advanced installation method
of installing, 1-11
example01.DBF data file, 5-12
examples
Automatic Storage Management failure
groups, 2-25
EXFSYS administrative user name, 5-7
external redundancy
Automatic Storage Management redundancy
level, 2-23
F
failure groups
about, 1-15
characteristics in Automatic Storage
Management, 2-24
examples in Automatic Storage
Management, 2-25
identifying, 2-23
FAQ for installation, G-1 to ??
fatal errors, F-6
Index-4
features
deprecated, xxvi
file system
NFS, 1-8
writing to, 1-8
file systems
data file and recovery file placement
options, 2-20
storage option for data files, 2-20
system requirements, 2-2, 2-3
using for data files, 2-20
file systems, creating databases on different, 1-11
files
listener.ora
using for current release, 4-29
Oracle Universal Installer log files, F-2
tnsnames.ora, 4-29
Firefox Web browser, 2-12
flash_area_recovery directory, B-4
FLOWS_030000 administrative user name, 5-7
FLOWS_FILES administrative user name, 5-7
frequently asked installation questions, G-1 to ??
G
Gateways products FAQ, G-8
general purpose/transaction processing
preconfigured database type, 1-13
generic documentation references
Windows-specific parameter file name and
location, 5-11
Windows-specific redo log file location, 5-13
Windows-specific redo log file size, 5-13
getting started
Application Express, 4-20
Global Database Name
about, 3-14, 3-19
global database name
about, 5-11
identifying, 5-11
global database name, defined, 5-11
globalization support, D-1
Grid Control. See Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid
Control
H
hardware certification, 1-6, 2-9
high redundancy
Automatic Storage Management redundancy
level, 2-23
host name, setting before installation, 2-13
hosts file
editing for multihomed computers, 2-13
location, 2-13
HR administrative user name, 5-7
HTTP Server
choosing, 4-5
I
IBM DB2 database, G-9
IBM DB2 z/OS database, G-9
IBM DB2/400 database, G-9
IBM WebSphere MQ databases, G-9
images
copying in new installation, 4-15
copying when upgrading, 4-14
Informix Server database, G-9
initialization parameter
job_queue_process, 4-22
initialization parameter file
about, 5-11
in database, 5-11
init.ora, 5-11
installActions.log file, F-2
installation
accessing installation software, 3-6 to 3-8
Automatic Storage Management (ASM)
installation procedure, 3-15
requirements, 2-23
cloning an Oracle home, 3-21
clusters, installation guidelines, 3-3
completing, 3-11
component-specific guidelines, 3-3
computer aliases, multiple, 2-13
configuration options, about, 1-12
custom, 1-11
database creation on different file system, 1-11
differences between installing Oracle on UNIX and
Windows, 1-5
downloading software from Oracle Technology
Network, 3-8
DVD drive, 3-6
errors
log session, F-2
while configuration assistant runs, F-6
EXAMPLE tablespace, from Advanced, 1-11
FAQ for Oracle Database products, G-1 to ??
guidelines, 3-10
Java Access Bridge, A-2
laptops, 2-13
log files, F-2
noninteractive mode error handling, F-3
Oracle Universal Installer, about, 1-8
overview, 1-1 to 1-21
planning, 1-1
postinstallation tasks, 4-1 to ??
preinstallation considerations, 3-1 to 3-3
procedure, 3-9 to 3-15
reinstalling Oracle software, 3-4
remote installation with remote access
software, 3-7
remote installation, DVD drive, 3-6
response files, C-1
errors, F-2
restrictions on installing in pre-8.1.5 homes, 1-8
restrictions on using old Oracle Installer, 1-8
reviewing a log of an installation session, F-2
silent mode error handling, F-3
single Oracle home components, 1-10
suppressing screens, C-6
troubleshooting, F-1 to F-6
types, 1-12
upgrade considerations, 1-20
upgrading, G-2
with other components, G-1 to ??
installation methods. See Basic installation method,
Advanced installation method
installation software, accessing, 3-6 to 3-8
installCCRSQL.sh, 4-22, F-3
installing
other languages, 4-17
IP addresses, multiple, 2-13
IX administrative user name, 5-7
J
Java Access Bridge
about, A-1
configuring, A-2
installing, A-2
JRE 1.5, A-1
Java Runtime Environment. See JRE
Java Server Pages, 2-11
JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES, 4-18
changing number of, 4-19
viewing number of, 4-19
Jobs system, 4-30
JRE (Java Runtime Environment)
requirements, 2-3
restrictions on modifying, 1-9
version used by Oracle, 1-9
JRE 1.5, Java Access Bridge setup with, A-1
L
languages
installing Oracle components in different
languages, D-6
using Oracle components in different
languages, D-5
laptops, installing Oracle Database on, 2-13
LBACSYS administrative user name, 5-7
listener.ora file
using listener from current release, 4-29
listeners
stopping existing listener process, 2-31
local device, using for data files, 2-21
log files, F-2
reviewing an installation session, F-2
troubleshooting, F-2
Logical Volume Manager (LVM)
multiple disks, 1-14
recommendations for Automatic Storage
Management, 2-23
loopback adapters
about, 2-14
checking if installed, 2-15
computers with multiple aliases, 2-13
Index-5
installing, 2-14 to 2-19
installing on Windows 2000, 2-15
installing on Windows 2003, 2-17
installing on Windows Vista, 2-18
installing on Windows XP, 2-17
non-networked computers, 2-13
removing, 2-19
See also network adapters, primary network
adapters
LVM. See Logical Volume Manager
M
MDDATA administrative user name, 5-7
MDSYS administrative user name, 5-7
MGMT_VIEW administrative user name, 5-8
Microsoft Internet Explorer, 2-12
migrating applications to Oracle, G-8
migrating non-Oracle databases to Oracle, G-3
mirroring ASM disk groups, 2-23
Mode
Connected, 4-21
Disconnected, 4-21
Modes
Connected, 4-21
Disconnected, 4-21
Mozilla Web browser, 2-12
multihomed computers, installing on, 2-13
multiple aliases, computers with, 2-13
multiple Oracle homes
setting, 2-13
System Identifier (SID), 5-11
My Oracle Support site
about, 1-6
accessing, 1-6
N
nCipher Accelerator, 2-10
nCipher Accelerator Support, 2-11
Net Configuration Assistant (NetCA)
response file, C-3
response files, C-6
running at command prompt, C-6
suppressing during silent or noninteractive
installation, C-6
troubleshooting, F-5
Net Services Configuration Assistant, computers with
minimum memory, 3-3
NetCA. See Net Configuration Assistant (NetCA)
netca.rsp file
about, C-3
using, C-6
Netscape Navigator, 2-12
network adapters
computers with multiple aliases, 2-13
how primary adapter is determined, 2-14
non-networked computers, 2-13
primary, on computers with multiple
aliases, 2-13
Index-6
See also loopback adapters, primary network
adapters
network cards, multiple, 2-13
Network File System See NFS
network protocols, supported, 2-6, 2-7
network topics
about, 2-12
computers with multiple aliases, 2-13
DHCP computers, 2-12
laptops, 2-13
listed, 2-12 to 2-19
loopback adapters, 2-14 to 2-19
multiple network cards, 2-13
non-networked computers, 2-13
new installation
configuring Oracle Application Server 10g, 4-11
configuring Oracle HTTP Server, 4-8
configuring Oracle HTTP Server 9.0.3, 4-8
copying images, 4-15
modifying marvel.conf, 4-11
NFS
using for installation, 1-8
NLS_LANG environment variable, D-2
noninteractive mode
about, C-1
error handling, F-2
reasons for using, C-2
See also response files, silent mode, C-1
non-networked computers, 2-13
non-Oracle databases, listed, G-9
normal redundancy, Automatic Storage Management
redundancy level, 2-23
NTFS system requirements, 2-2, 2-3
O
obfuscate
password, 4-19
OE administrative user name, 5-8
OEM. See Oracle Enterprise Manager
OLAP tools
about, G-6
Oracle OLAP, G-6
online help
not working, F-7
operating systems, supported, 2-5, 2-7
Optimal Flexible Architecture
standard, B-1
Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA)
changes for this release, B-2
default Optimal Flexible Architecture
database, B-5
differences since previous releases, B-2
directory naming conventions, B-3
nondefault Optimal Flexible Architecture database
2, B-5
Oracle base directory, B-6
Oracle Database directory tree, affect on, B-2
Oracle home directory, B-4
symbolic links, B-7
Windows and UNIX differences, B-6
Oracle Administration Assistant for Windows
behavior with multiple Oracle homes, 1-10
configuration, 4-27
starting and stopping databases, 5-3
Oracle Advanced Security
preinstallation requirements, 2-31
Oracle Application Server, G-4
Oracle applications
installing with Oracle Database, G-7
Oracle base directory
about, 1-9, B-3
example, B-5
installation, 1-9
location on UNIX, B-6
location on Windows, B-6
Oracle Cluster Registry port, E-3
Oracle Clusterware
about, G-3
certification, 2-10
installed before Oracle Database, 3-4
ports, E-3
ports, ranges and protocol, E-3
used with Oracle Real Application Clusters, G-3
when to install, 2-32
Oracle COM Automation Feature, installation
guidelines, 3-4
Oracle components
using in different languages, D-5
oracle configuration manager
removing, 6-1
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance Monitor
behavior with multiple Oracle homes, 1-10
installation guidelines, 3-4
postinstallation task, 4-28
Oracle Data Guard
ports, ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Data Mining
about, G-6
installing, G-6
Oracle Database
administering and monitoring, G-4
Automatic Storage Management, configuring
communication with, 4-31
checking installed contents, 5-1
cloning an Oracle home, 3-21
creating data file directories, 2-22
data file storage options, 2-20
getting started using, 5-1 to 5-15
accessing, 5-5, 5-6
starting and stopping database, 5-5, 5-6
installing with Oracle applications, G-7
installing with other Oracle
components, G-1 to ??
minimum disk space requirements, 2-21
multiple databases in single server with
ASM, 3-16
naming, 3-14, 3-19
requirements with Automatic Storage
Management, 2-24
security management, G-5
starting and stopping, 5-3
upgrading, G-2
Web servers, G-8
Windows Terminal Services support, 2-9
See also installation, postinstallation, removing,
requirements
Oracle Database Advanced Queuing, 4-27
Oracle Database Client
configuring connections, G-2
requirements, 2-6, 2-7
Oracle Database components
administering and monitoring, G-4
connectivity FAQ, G-8
FAQ on installing, G-1 to G-3
installing with Oracle applications, G-7
installing with Oracle Database tools, G-4
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant (DBCA)
about, 1-12
computers with minimum memory, 3-3
creating new databases with, 4-31
modes during database installation, 1-13
response file, C-3
response files, C-7
suppressing during silent or noninteractive
installation, C-6
troubleshooting, F-5
Oracle Database directory tree, B-2
Oracle Database Gateway
listed products, G-8
Oracle Database Recovery Manager (RMAN)
about, G-7
Automatic Storage Management, migrating
databases, 1-16
Oracle Database SID
about, 3-14
naming rules, 3-14
ORACLE_SID environment variable, 1-5
Oracle Database Upgrade Assistant, computers with
minimum memory, 3-3
Oracle Database Vault
postinstallation task, 4-28
Oracle E-Business Suite, 4-23, 6-1
Oracle Enterprise Management Agent
ports
changing, E-3
ranges and protocol, E-2
where installed, 1-17
Oracle Enterprise Manager (OEM)
about, 1-17
database migration to ASM, 3-18
deploying, 1-17
e-mail notifications, 1-20
jobs system, setting correct credentials, 4-30
Migrate Wizard, 3-18
notifications, configuring from Advanced
installation method, 1-11
options, 1-17
preconfigured databases, 1-18
preinstallation requirements, 2-31
Index-7
See also Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control, Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid
Control
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console
ports
changing, E-3
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
about, 1-18
backup and recovery, 1-19
listing initialization parameters, 5-12
listing tablespaces, 5-13
logging into, 5-2
login privileges, 5-2
password management, 5-10
ports
ranges and protocol, E-2
postinstallation task, 4-31
starting and stopping databases, 5-3
viewing control files, 5-14
viewing redo log files, 5-13
Oracle Enterprise Manager Grid Control
about, 1-17
backup and recovery, 1-19
how installed, 1-17
Oracle Enterprise Manager Migrate Database
wizard, 3-18
Oracle home directory
about, 1-9
Automatic Storage Management
considerations, 3-16
examples, B-5
location, B-3
multiple homes, network considerations, 2-13
multiple homes, precedence of components, 1-10
Optimal Flexible Architecture, B-4
single Oracle home components, 1-10
specifying, B-4
Oracle host name, setting before installation, 2-13
Oracle HTML DB
removing from the database, 6-2
Oracle HTTP Server
about, 4-6
Windows support, 2-11
Oracle HTTP Server 11g
configuring, 4-11
Oracle HTTP Server 9.0.3
configuring (new), 4-8
Oracle Internet Directory, G-5
Oracle Label Security
installation guidelines, 3-4
postinstallation task, 4-28
Oracle Messaging Gateway, 2-10, 2-11
Oracle Messaging Gateway feature, 4-27
Oracle Migration Workbench
migrating non-Oracle applications to Oracle, G-8
migrating non-Oracle databases to Oracle, G-3
Oracle Net Services
configuring, 4-28
postinstallation task, 4-28
stopping existing listener, 2-31
Index-8
Oracle Net Services Configuration Assistant,
computers with minimum memory, 3-3
Oracle Objects for OLE, 2-11
behavior with multiple Oracle homes, 1-10
Oracle OLAP
about, G-6
Oracle Provider for OLE DB
behavior with multiple Oracle homes, 1-10
Oracle Real Application Clusters (Oracle RAC)
Automatic Storage Management, 1-14
Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC)
Advanced installation method, 1-11
certification, 2-10
Cluster Synchronization Services installation, 1-7
installed before Oracle Database, 3-4
installing with Oracle Enterprise Manager, G-4
Oracle Clusterware, 2-32
about, G-3
requirements, 2-32
Oracle Schemas, xii
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server
ports
ranges and protocol, E-3
Oracle services, stopping, 6-3
Oracle SQL Developer
accessing, 5-6
Oracle SQL*Net Listener
ports
ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Technology Network (OTN)
accessing, 3-8
downloading documentation from, xii
downloading software from, 3-8
Oracle Text knowledge base, 4-29
Oracle Ultra Search
ports, changing, E-4
Oracle Universal Installer
location of executable, C-5
running in different languages, D-6
Oracle Universal Installer (OUI)
about, 1-8
Automatic Storage Management behavior, 3-16
cloning an Oracle home, 3-21
documentation on using, 1-9
guidelines in using, 3-3
installation guidelines, 3-3
log files, F-2
removing components, 6-3
removing components with, 6-4
response files, C-1
restrictions on installing in pre-8.1.5 homes, 1-8
running at command line, C-5
Oracle Windows Interfaces, installation
guidelines, 3-4
Oracle Windows services, stopping, 3-2
Oracle XML DB
about, G-5
ports
changing, E-4
ranges and protocol, E-3
postinstallation task, 4-29
XDB administrative user name, 5-9
ORACLE_BASE directory. See Oracle base directory
ORACLE_BASE environment variable
set in Registry, 1-5
ORACLE_HOME directory. See Oracle home
directory, ORACLE_HOME environment
variable
ORACLE_HOME environment variable
preventing installation, 3-2
set in Registry, 1-5
ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable
about, 2-13
computers with multiple aliases, 2-13
multihomed computers, 2-13
setting before installation, 2-13
ORACLE_OCM administrative user name, 5-8
ORACLE_SID environment variable
set in Registry, 1-5
See also Oracle Database SID
Oracle-managed files feature, 2-31
ORADATA directory, explained, B-4
ORDPLUGINS administrative user name, 5-8
ORDSYS administrative user name, 5-8
OTN. See Oracle Technology Network
OUI. See Oracle Universal Installer
OUTLN administrative user name, 5-8
OWBSYS administrative user name, 5-8
P
partitions
creation for Automatic Storage Management
disks, 2-27
using with Automatic Storage Management, 2-23
See also diskpart.exe tool
password
obfuscating, 4-19
password configuration from Advanced
installation, 1-11
passwords
Automatic Storage Management password
file, 3-16
for administrative accounts, 5-6
guidelines, 5-9
managing in Oracle Enterprise Manager Database
Control, 5-10
managing in SQL*Plus, 5-10
specifying for response files, C-2
See also security
patch set information, downloading, 4-1
PATH environment variable
set in Registry, 1-5
Personal Edition installation type, 1-12
response file, C-3
personal.rsp file, C-3
PL/SQL
external procedures postinstallation task, 4-29
modules, validating, 4-2
PM administrative user name, 5-8
portlist.ini file, E-1
ports
access URLs, E-1
Cluster Synchronization Services, ranges and
protocol, E-3
configured for applications, E-1
Connection Manager, ranges and protocol, E-2
default ranges, E-1
Oracle Cluster Registry, E-3
Oracle Clusterware, E-3
Oracle Clusterware, ranges and protocol, E-3
Oracle Data Guard, ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Enterprise Management Agent
changing, E-3
ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Console
changing, E-3
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Services for Microsoft Transaction Server,
ranges and protocol, E-3
Oracle SQL*Net Listener
ranges and protocol, E-2
Oracle Ultra Search, changing, E-4
Oracle XML DB
changing, E-4
ranges and protocol, E-3
post-installation tasks
configuring embedded PL/SQL gateway, 4-6
configuring Oracle Application Server 11g, 4-11
configuring Oracle HTTP Server (new), 4-8
configuring Oracle HTTP Server 9.0.3, 4-8
copying images (new installation), 4-15
copying images (when upgrading), 4-14
installing in other languages, 4-17
installing other languages, 4-17
logging in to Application Express, 4-20
managing JOB_QUEUE_PROCESSES, 4-18
obfuscating passwords, 4-19
postinstallation tasks, 4-1 to ??
changing passwords, 5-9
Cluster Synchronization Services, 4-27
configuring Oracle components, 4-24
configuring secure sockets layer, 4-2
database-to-Automatic Storage Management
communication, 4-31
getting started using Oracle Database, 5-1 to 5-15
Jobs system, 4-30
Oracle Administration Assistant for
Windows, 4-27
Oracle Counters for Windows Performance
Monitor, 4-28
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control,
configuring databases to use, 4-31
Oracle Label Security, 4-28
Oracle Messaging Gateway feature, 4-27
Oracle Net Services, 4-28
Oracle Text knowledge base, 4-29
Oracle XML DB, 4-29
PL/SQL external procedures, 4-29
Index-9
setting job system credentials for Enterprise
Manager, 4-30
shared server support, 4-30
validating invalid PL/SQL modules, 4-2
preconfigured database
Automatic Storage Management disk space
requirements, 2-24
requirements when using Automatic Storage
Management, 2-24
preinstallation
perform database backup, 3-2
requirements for Oracle Advanced Security, 2-31
requirements for Oracle Enterprise Manager, 2-31
stop services, 3-2
preinstallation considerations, 3-1 to 3-3
primary network adapters
how determined, 2-14
See also loopback adapters, network adapters
process, stopping existing listener process, 2-31
R
RAC. See Oracle Real Application Clusters
RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks)
multiple disks, 1-14
recommended ASM redundancy level, 2-24
using for Oracle data files, 2-20
readme.txt file, E-1
record mode, C-4
recovery files, options for placing on file
system, 2-20
recovery of databases
about, 1-19
Oracle Backup and Recovery, G-7
with Advanced installation method, 1-11
redo log files
in starter database, 5-13
redundancy level
and space requirements for preconfigured
database, 2-24
for Automatic Storage Management, 2-23
Redundant Array of Independent Disks. See RAID
reinstalling Oracle software, 3-4
release notes, 1-1
remote access software, 3-7
remote installations
DVD drive, 3-6
remote access software, 3-7
removing
Automatic Storage Management instance, 6-5
components manually, 6-4
components with Oracle Universal Installer, 6-3
Oracle databases, 6-1 to 6-7
Oracle HTML DB from the database, 6-2
Oracle software, 6-1 to 6-7
response files, using, C-6
requirements
for JRE, 2-3
for Oracle Enterprise Manager, 2-31
for upgrading a database, 1-20
Index-10
hard disk space, 2-2, 2-3
hardware, 2-1
hardware certification, 2-9
hardware, verifying, 2-4
Oracle Database Client, 2-6, 2-7
service packs, 2-7
software, 2-5
software certification, 2-9
Web browser support, 2-12
Windows Remote Desktop Connection
support, 2-9
Windows Telnet Services, 2-9
Windows Terminal Services, 2-9
response files
about, C-1
Automatic Storage Management (ASM), C-2
creating
with record mode, C-4
with template, C-3
custom.rsp, C-3
dbca.rsp, C-3
enterprise.rsp, C-3
error handling, F-2
general procedure, C-2
Net Configuration Assistant, C-6
netca.rsp, C-3
Oracle Database Configuration Assistant
(DBCA), C-7
passing values at command line, C-1
passwords, C-2
personal.rsp, C-3
record mode, C-4
security, C-2
specifying with Oracle Universal Installer, C-5
standard.rsp, C-3
using, C-1 to C-8
See also silent mode, noninteractive mode, C-1
response files installation
about, C-1
roadmap for installing Oracle Database
components, G-1 to ??
root user, 3-10
S
Sample Schemas
administrative user names, 5-7
tablespaces and data files, 5-12
SAN (storage area network) disks, 2-27
schemas
database schema passwords, 3-15
Oracle HTML DB schema removal, 6-2
Oracle Schemas, about, xii
Sample Schemas administrative user names, 5-7
Sample Schemas tablespaces and data files, 5-12
SCOTT administrative user name, 5-8
security
management tools, G-5
Oracle Advanced Security requirements, 2-31
See also passwords
server parameter file (SPFILE), 3-16
service pack requirements, 2-7
SERVICE_NAMES parameter, 5-11
services, stopping, 2-31
setup.exe. See Oracle Universal Installer (OUI)
SH administrative user name, 5-8
shared server support, 4-30
SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA administrative user
name, 5-8
SID. See Oracle Database SID
silent mode
about, C-1
error handling, F-2
errors, F-2
reasons for using, C-2
See also noninteractive mode, response files, C-1
single Oracle home components, 1-10
software certification, 1-6, 2-9
software, removing, 6-1 to 6-7
SPFILE server parameter file, 3-16
SQL Developer
accessing, 5-6
SQL Server database, G-9
SQL*Plus
accessing, 5-5
password management, 5-10
sqlnet.ora file, enabling Windows native
authentication, 4-31
SSL, 4-2
Standard Edition, 1-2, 1-12, 3-10
Standard Edition installation type, 1-12
response file, C-3
standard.rsp file, C-3
starter database accounts, 5-7 to 5-9
stopping existing services, 2-31
storage area network disks, 2-27
storage management. See Automatic Storage
Management (ASM)
storage option for data files, 2-20
suppressed mode. See noninteractive mode
Sybase Adapter Server database, G-9
symbolic links, B-7
SYS, 4-23
SYS administrative user name, 5-8
SYSMAN administrative user name, 5-8
SYSTEM
tablespace, description, 5-12
SYSTEM administrative user name, 5-8
system architecture, supported, 2-5, 2-6
system requirements
on NTFS file systems, 2-2, 2-3
system01.dbf data file, 5-12
T
tablespaces, 5-12
expanding for large sorts,
in database, 5-12
SYSTEM, 5-12
TEMP, 5-13
5-13
UNDOTBS, 5-13
USERS, 5-13
TEMP
tablespace (temp01.dbf), 5-13
TEMP environment variable, hardware
requirements, 2-4
temp01.dbf data file, 5-13
temporary directory, 2-4
temporary disk space
checking, 2-4
freeing, 2-4
Teradata database, G-9
tmp directory
checking space in, 2-4
freeing space in, 2-4
TMP environment variable
hardware requirements, 2-4
tnsnames.ora file, 4-29
transaction processing
Enterprise Edition installation type, 1-12
translated version
installing, 4-17
troubleshooting, F-1 to F-6
fatal errors, F-6
images, F-7
Inventory log files, F-2
online help not working, F-7
U
UNDOTBS
tablespace (undotbs01.dbf), 5-13
UNIX
differences between installing Oracle on
Windows, 1-5
unsupported components
on Windows Terminal Services, 2-9
upgrading
Advanced installation method, 1-11
advantages with separate Oracle homes, 3-16
AL24UTFFSS character set, 1-21
AL32UTF8 character set, 1-21, D-3
Automatic Storage Management, 3-12
backing up before upgrading, 3-2
considerations, 1-20
copying images, 4-14
databases, 3-12
downgrading a database, 1-21
obfuscating password, 4-20
user names
ANONYMOUS, 5-7
APEX_PUBLIC_USER, 5-7
BI, 5-7
changing passwords, 5-9
CTXSYS, 5-7
DBSNMP, 5-7
DIP, 5-7
DV_SYS, 5-9
EXFSYS, 5-7
FLOWS_030000, 5-7
Index-11
FLOWS_FILES, 5-7
HR, 5-7
IX, 5-7
LBACSYS, 5-7
MDDATA, 5-7
MDSYS, 5-7
MGMT_VIEW, 5-8
OE, 5-8
ORACLE_OCM, 5-8
ORDPLUGINS, 5-8
ORDSYS, 5-8
OUTLN, 5-8
OWBSYS, 5-8
PM, 5-8
SCOTT account, 5-8
SH, 5-8
SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA, 5-8
SYS, 5-8
SYSMAN, 5-8
SYSTEM, 5-8
WK_SYS, 5-9
WK_TEST, 5-8
WKPROXY, 5-8
WMSYS, 5-8
XDB, 5-9
user roles
Application Express administrator,
developer, 4-20
end user, 4-20
workspace administrator, 4-20
USERS
tablespace (users01.dbf), 5-13
UTF8 character set, upgrading, 1-21
utlrp.sql file, 4-2
WK_TEST administrative user name, 5-8
WKPROXY administrative user name, 5-8
WMSYS administrative user name, 5-8
word sizes, changing, 1-21
workspace administrator, 4-20
X
XDB administrative user name, 5-9
XML data, G-5
XML DB HTTP server
disabling, 4-7
enabling, 4-7
4-20
W
Web browser support, 2-12
Web browsers
Firefox, 2-12
Microsoft Internet Explorer, 2-12
Mozilla, 2-12
Netscape Navigator, 2-12
Web servers (Oracle HTTP Server), G-8
WebSphere MQ database, G-9
Windows
compilers, supported, 2-5, 2-7
credentials for job system, 4-30
network protocol, supported, 2-6, 2-7
operating systems, supported, 2-5, 2-7
Oracle Database installation differences with
UNIX, 1-5
system architecture, supported, 2-5, 2-6
Windows Services utility, starting and stopping
databases, 5-4
Windows Telnet Services support, 2-9
Windows Terminal Services
support, 2-9
unsupported components, 2-9
WK_SYS administrative user name, 5-9
Index-12
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