synopsis 03 drugs alc - Monitoring the Future

synopsis 03 drugs alc - Monitoring the Future
TABLE 4
Long-Term Trends in Lifetime Prevalence of Use of Various Drugs for Twelfth Graders
Percentage who ever used
Class of:
’02–’03
1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 change
Approx. N (in 1,000s) = 9.4 15.4 17.1 17.8 15.5 15.9 17.5 17.7 16.3 15.9 16.0 15.2 16.3 16.3 16.7 15.2 15.0 15.8 16.3 15.4 15.4 14.3 15.4 15.2 13.6 12.8 12.8 12.9 14.6
55.2 58.3 61.6 64.1 65.1 65.4 65.6 64.4 62.9 61.6 60.6 57.6 56.6 53.9 50.9 47.9 44.1 40.7 42.9 45.6 48.4 50.8 54.3 54.1 54.7 54.0 53.9 53.0 51.1 -2.0
Any Illicit Druga,b
Any Illicit Drug Other
Than Marijuanaa,b,c
36.2 35.4 35.8 36.5 37.4 38.7 42.8 41.1 40.4 40.3 39.7 37.7 35.8 32.5 31.4 29.4 26.9 25.1 26.7 27.6 28.1 28.5 30.0 29.4 29.4 29.0‡ 30.7 29.5 27.7 -1.8
Marijuana/Hashish
Inhalantsd
Inhalants, Adjustedd,e
Amyl/Butyl Nitritesf,g
Hallucinogensc
Hallucinogens,
Adjustedc,h
LSD
Hallucignogens
Other Than LSDc
PCPf,g
MDMA (Ecstasy)f
Cocaine
Cracki
Other Cocainej
Heroink
With a needlel
Without a needlel
Other Narcoticsm,n
Amphetaminesb,m
Methamphetamineo
Crystal Meth. (Ice)o
Sedatives (Barbiturates)m
Sedatives, Adjustedm,p
Methaqualonem,q
Tranquilizersc,m
Rohypnolf
Alcoholr
Been Drunko
Cigarettes
Smokeless Tobaccof,s
Steroidso
NOTES:
47.3 52.8 56.4 59.2
— 10.3 11.1 12.0
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
16.3 15.1 13.9 14.3
—
—
11.3 11.0
—
9.8
60.4
12.7
18.2
11.1
14.1
60.3
11.9
17.3
11.1
13.3
59.5
12.3
17.2
10.1
13.3
58.7
12.8
17.7
9.8
12.5
57.0
13.6
18.2
8.4
11.9
54.9
14.4
18.0
8.1
10.7
54.2 50.9 50.2 47.2 43.7 40.7 36.7 32.6 35.3 38.2 41.7
15.4 15.9 17.0 16.7 17.6 18.0 17.6 16.6 17.4 17.7 17.4
18.1 20.1 18.6 17.5 18.6 18.5 18.0 17.0 17.7 18.3 17.8
7.9 8.6 4.7 3.2 3.3 2.1 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.5
10.3 9.7 10.3 8.9 9.4 9.4 9.6 9.2 10.9 11.4 12.7
— 17.7 15.6 15.3 14.3 13.6 12.3 12.1 11.9 10.6
9.7 9.5 9.3 9.8 9.6 8.9 8.0 7.5 7.2 8.4
9.2
7.7
9.9
8.3
9.7 10.0
8.7 8.8
44.9
16.6
17.5
1.8
14.0
49.6
16.1
16.9
2.0
15.1
49.1
15.2
16.5
2.7
14.1
49.7
15.4
16.0
1.7
13.7
48.8
14.2
14.6
0.8
13.0‡
49.0
13.0
13.8
1.9
14.7
47.8
11.7
12.4
1.5
12.0
46.1
11.2
12.2
1.6
10.6
-1.7
-0.5
-0.2
+0.1
-1.5
9.4 11.3 11.7 13.1 14.5 15.4 14.4 14.2 13.6‡ 15.3 12.8 10.9 -1.9s
8.6 10.3 10.5 11.7 12.6 13.6 12.6 12.2 11.1 10.9 8.4 5.9 -2.5sss
14.1 12.1 11.2 11.6
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
9.0 9.7 10.8 12.9
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
2.2 1.8 1.8 1.6
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
9.0 9.6 10.3 9.9
22.3 22.6 23.0 22.9
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
10.7 9.8 9.1 8.0 7.3 6.6 6.5 5.7 5.4 4.1 4.3 4.1 3.7 3.3 3.9 4.9 5.4 6.8 7.5 7.1 6.7 6.9‡
12.8 9.6 7.8 6.0 5.6 5.0 4.9 4.8 3.0 2.9 3.9 2.8 2.9 2.4 2.9 2.8 2.7 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.4
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
6.1 6.9 5.8 8.0 11.0
15.4 15.7 16.5 16.0 16.2 16.1 17.3 16.9 15.2 12.1 10.3 9.4 7.8 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.0 7.1 8.7 9.3 9.8 8.6
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
5.4 4.8 4.7 3.5 3.1 2.6 2.6 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.9 4.4 4.6 3.9
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
— 14.0 12.1 8.5 8.6 7.0 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 6.4 8.2 8.4 8.8 7.7
1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.6 1.8 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.4
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
1.4 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.8 2.4
10.1 9.8 10.1 9.6 9.4 9.7 10.2 9.0 9.2 8.6 8.3 8.3 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.6 7.2 8.2 9.7 9.8 10.2 10.6
24.2 26.4 32.2‡ 27.9 26.9 27.9 26.2 23.4 21.6 19.8 19.1 17.5 15.4 13.9 15.1 15.7 15.3 15.3 16.5 16.4 16.3 15.6
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
8.2 7.9
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
2.7 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.9 4.4 4.4 5.3 4.8 4.0
10.4
3.5
11.7
8.2
3.7
7.4
1.8
0.7
1.5
9.9‡
16.2
6.9
4.1
9.2 9.0 -0.2
3.1 2.5 -0.6
10.5 8.3 -2.2s
7.8 7.7 -0.1
3.8 3.6 -0.2
7.0 6.7 -0.2
1.7 1.5 -0.2
0.8 0.7 -0.1
1.6 1.8 +0.2
13.5 13.2 -0.4
16.8 14.4 -2.4ss
6.7 6.2 -0.5
4.7 3.9 -0.8
16.9
18.2
8.1
17.0
—
90.4
—
73.6
—
—
11.8
14.6
8.3
16.3
—
93.0
—
74.0
—
—
8.7
8.9
1.1
10.3
1.7
79.7
63.9
61.0
19.7
3.7
9.5
10.2
1.5
11.4
—
78.4
61.6
57.2
18.3
4.0
16.2
17.7
7.8
16.8
—
91.9
—
75.4
—
—
15.6
17.4
8.5
18.0
—
92.5
—
75.7
—
—
13.7
16.0
7.9
17.0
—
93.1
—
75.3
—
—
11.0
14.9
9.5
15.2
—
93.2
—
71.0
—
—
11.3
16.0
10.6
14.7
—
92.6
—
71.0
—
—
10.3
15.2
10.7
14.0
—
92.8
—
70.1
—
—
9.9
14.4
10.1
13.3
—
92.6
—
70.6
—
—
9.9
13.3
8.3
12.4
—
92.6
—
69.7
—
—
9.2
11.8
6.7
11.9
—
92.2
—
68.8
—
—
8.4
10.4
5.2
10.9
—
91.3
—
67.6
31.4
—
7.4 6.7 6.5 6.8 6.2 5.5 6.3
8.7 7.8 7.4 7.5 6.7 6.1 6.4
4.0 3.3 2.7 2.3 1.3 1.6 0.8
10.9 9.4 7.6 7.2 7.2 6.0 6.4
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
92.2 92.0 90.7 89.5 88.0 87.5‡ 80.0
—
—
—
— 65.4 63.4 62.5
67.2 66.4 65.7 64.4 63.1 61.8 61.9
32.2 30.4 29.2 —
— 32.4 31.0
—
—
3.0 2.9 2.1 2.1 2.0
7.0
7.3
1.4
6.6
—
80.4
62.9
62.0
30.7
2.4
7.4
7.6
1.2
7.1
—
80.7
63.2
64.2
30.9
2.3
7.6
8.2
2.0
7.2
1.2
79.2
61.8
63.5
29.8
1.9
8.1
8.7
1.7
7.8
1.8
81.7
64.2
65.4
25.3
2.4
8.7
9.2
1.6
8.5
3.0
81.4
62.4
65.3
26.2
2.7
8.9
9.5
1.8
9.3
2.0
80.0
62.3
64.6
23.4
2.9
Level of significance of difference between the two most recent classes: s = .05, ss = .01, sss = .001. ‘—’ indicates data not available.
‘‡’ indicates some change in the question. See relevant footnote for that drug. See relevant figure to assess the impact of the wording changes.
Any apparent inconsistency between the change estimate and the prevalence of use estimates for the two most recent classes is due to rounding error.
SOURCE: The Monitoring the Future Study, the University of Michigan.
9.2
9.3
0.8
8.9‡
1.5
80.3
62.3
62.5
23.1
2.5
8.8
9.1
1.0
10.2
—
76.6
58.1
53.7
17.0
3.5
-0.7
-1.1
-0.5
-1.2s
—
-1.8
-3.5
-3.5ss
-1.3
-0.5
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