null  null
US006867820B2
(12) United States Patent
(10) Patent N0.:
(45) Date of Patent:
J in
(54) METHOD FOR DISPLAYING AUDIO
SETTINGS MENU OF DISPLAY APPARATUS
(75) Inventor: Sang Un J in, Seoul (KR)
(73) Assignee: LG Electronics Inc., Seoul (KR)
(*)
Notice:
Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
U.S.C. 154(b) by 373 days.
US 6,867,820 B2
Mar. 15, 2005
4,626,892 A
5,042,070 A
* 12/1986 Nortrup et al. ......... .. 358/27 R
* 8/1991 Linna et al. ............. .. 381/59
5,541,638 A
*
5,581,621 A
5,631,850 A
* 12/1996 Koyama et a1. .......... .. 381/103
* 5/1997 Tanaka et a1. ............ .. 702/122
7/1996
5,775,939 A
*
7/1998
Brown
6,100,936
*
8/2000
Jordan et a1.
6,195,438 B1 *
2/2001
Yumoto et a1. ........... .. 381/103
A
..... .. 439/502
.....
. . . . . ..
348/552
* cited by examiner
(21) Appl. No.: 09/800,739
Primary Examiner—Victor R. Kostak
(22) Filed:
Mar. 8, 2001
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm—Birch, SteWart, Kolasch &
Birch, LLP
(65)
Prior Publication Data
(57)
US 2001/0029616 A1 Oct. 11, 2001
(30)
(51)
(52)
(58)
The present invention relates to a multi-channel audio menu
Foreign Application Priority Data
Mar. 8, 2000
ABSTRACT
display method and an apparatus thereof. The audio menu
(KR) ...................................... .. 2000/11517
display method in accordance With the present invention
comprises detecting the connection state of audio output
terminals, receiving audio source information from the
Int. Cl.7 ................................................ .. H04N 5/60
US. Cl. ...................... .. 348/738; 348/705; 381/306
Field of Search ............................... .. 348/738, 553,
usable audio menu for displaying on a certain screen in
348/706, 705, 552, 381/103, 300, 306,
303, 58,59; 702/122, 700/11, 17, 710/15_1s,
information, and displaying the determined usable audio
72, 73
(56)
audio source content received from the DTV, determining a
accordance With the connection state and audio source
menu on the screen. Accordingly the present invention is
capable of displaying only the present usable menu to a user,
preventing the user from setting the menu Wrongfully, and
References Cited
alloWing the audio menu selection more conveniently.
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
4,589,134 A
*
5/1986
12 Claims, 5 Drawing Sheets
Waldron .................... .. 381/90
I
START
I
CHECK THE NUMBER OF SPEAKERS CONNECTED TO
THE SPEAKER OUTPUTS AND THE NUMBER OF AMP.
TERMINALS CONNECTED TO THE MDNITDR OUTPUTS
CHECK CONTENT OF THE SELECTED AUDIO SOURCE N820
DETERMINE THE PRESENT USABLE AUDIO MENUS
N 830
DISPLAY THE USABLE MENUS IN AUDIO MENU SELECT “i840
END
U.S. Patent
Mar. 15,2005
Sheet 2 of5
US 6,867,820 B2
SPEAKER OUTPUT
7%
0
%
FIG.2B
MONITOR OUTPUT
22M”
U.S. Patent
Mar. 15,2005
Sheet 3 of5
FIG.3A
FIG.3B
FIG.3C
GND
SIG
CONNECTION STATE
GNU
US 6,867,820 B2
U.S. Patent
Mar. 15,2005
Sheet 4 of5
US 6,867,820 B2
FIG.4
(
START )
I
CHECK THE NUMBER OF SPEAKERS CONNECTED TO
THE SPEAKER OUTPUTS AND THE NUMBER OF AMP "V810
TERMINALS CONNECTED TO THE MONITOR OUTPUTS
I
CHECK CONTENT OF THE SELECTED AUDIO SOURCE @820
I
DETERMINE THE PRESENT USABLE AUDIO MENUS
N830
I
DISPLAY THE USABLE MENUS IN AUDIO MENU SELECT *"~—*S4O
END
U.S. Patent
Mar. 15,2005
Sheet 5 of5
US 6,867,820 B2
F|G.5
AC-3?
YES
522
/
—THE NUMBER OF CHANNEL
-WHETHER OR NOT THE PHOLOGIC ENCODING
—EX|STENCE OF THE SUBWOOFER CHANNEL
-EX|STENCE OF THE MULTi LINGUAL SERVICE
—EX|STENCE OF THE ADDITIONAL AUDIO SERVICE
‘
END
823
/
CHECK WHETHER OR NOT
STEREO/MONO
US 6,867,820 B2
1
2
METHOD FOR DISPLAYING AUDIO
SETTINGS MENU OF DISPLAY APPARATUS
audio menu displayed on the analog television is no match
for that. For example, When the 5.1 channels are embodied,
user selectable menus can be described as beloW.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
.
5
EXAMPLE 1
.
Listening Mode
The present invention relates to an audio menu display
method, in particular to a method for displaying and selectThe selectable menus in accordance With the number of
ing a multi-channel audio menu and an apparatus thereof.
the outer speakers connected to the speaker output terminals
2_ Description of the Prior Art
10 of the DTV and the number of the terminals of the outer
Among Various display apparatus there is an ATSC
ampli?ers connected to the monitor outputs can be described
(advanced Television System Committee), a NTSC
as below In Table 2'
(National Television Standard Committee), a satellite
broadcast, a SPDIF (Sony Philips Digital Interface), and an 15
analog left/right input as an audio source mputtable to a
digital television (DTV). There is a speaker output and a
monitor output as an analog output from the DTV to an
Dolby digital
external devlce'
_
Dolby prologic
Hereln, the speaker output 15 Connected to an Outer 2O Phantom center
speaker in order to output a signal ampli?ed in the DTV, and
the monitor output is connected to a poWer ampli?er
installed outside of the DTV for better sound quality.
3 Stereo
TABLE 2
Listening Mode
Left/cerg/er/f? f
surroun
SurrOund/right
su WOO er
Left/right/center/mono surround
Left/right/left surround/right/surround/subWoofer
Left/right/center
Left/“gm
In general, a television has a speaker output, and a DVD
(digital Versatile Disc) or a set-top boX has only a monitor 25
Output
EXAMPLE 2
' FIG. 1 1s a block diagram illustrating audio sources
B ala n C e C O ntr O1
mputtable to a DTV, a speaker output, and a monitor output.
A DTV 5 receives Signals from the mputtable Sources
In order to balance outputs of left/right and left surround/
such as a satellite broadcast source 1, a terrestrial broadcast 3O ?ght Surround audlo slgnals, a balance Control 15 Performed
source 2, a SPDIF (Sony Philips Digital Interface) digital
as below
signal source 3, an analog left/right source 4, and outputs an
audio signal by processing the input signals through a
built-in
speaker 5-1, .a speaker output
terminal 5-2, and a
.
.
monitor output terminal 5:3.‘ Herein, the speaker output
TABLE 3
35
term1nal5-2 outputs an audio signal through a speaker 6, and
the monitor output terminal outputs an audio signal. An
Balance Control
L?ft_Right Balance
Left Surround-Right Surround Balance
external ampli?er 7 ampli?es the monitor output and trans
fers it to the speaker 6.'
~
40
BeloW Table 1 describes the mputtable sources and the
number of channels of each source.
Source
For optimum listening circumstances, as depicted in Table
Kind of audio
4, an output delay of an audio channel is adjusted so as to
45 transmit the sound of front channels (L/R/C) and the sound
The number of channel
AC-3
1~5.1
Terrestrial NTSC
Satellite broadcast
Analog L/R
AC-3
2
2~5.1
MPEG
AC-3
MPEG
PCM
2
1~5.1
2
2
Analog L/R input
Channel Delay
TABLE 1
_
Terrestrial ATSC
SPDIF digital input
EXAMPLE 3
Analog L/R
of. back channels
(Left
surround/Right surround) to the
h
.
VleWer at t 6 Same tune‘
TABLE 4
50
Channel Delay
Surrourd time Delay
2
Center time Delay
Herein, a user can listen to audio through an internal 55
speaker of the DTV, hoWever, the performance of the
internal speaker of the DTV is not as good as the perfor
mance of the outer (external) speaker. Although, three
internal speakers can generally be installed on ‘the left, right,
EXAMPLE 4
Volume Control
It can be described as below
and center of the DTV, a user Who Wants to listen to better 60
sound or a vieWer Who Wants to enjoy a surround or a
TABLE 5
subWoofer has to connect the outer speaker to the speaker
output terminal of the DTV or has to connect the outer poWer
Volume Control
ampli?er to the monitor output terminal of the television.
_
_
Master Volume Control
Meanwhile, When 5.1 channels are embodied on the DTV, 65 Volume Control about
each channel
because the sources of the DTV and channels of the sources
are various, there can be lots of user selectable menus. The
Volume Control about all channels
US 6,867,820 B2
4
3
speaker output terminals of the DTV or the number of outer
TABLE 5 -continued
ampli?er terminals connected to the monitor output
terminals, the present audio input selected among a plurality
Volume Control
of audio inputs, and in case of the AC-3, the number of
channels and the kind of services.
Test Mode
Listen a set volume of the each channel
Accordingly, these audio menus can cause confusion and
inconvenience to the user, and the user can not listen to the
audio properly When the Wrong menu is selected.
EXAMPLE 5
Output Construction
10
An object of the present invention is to provide an audio
Aconstruction 1 and 2 described in Table 6 are for Dolby
menu display method and an apparatus thereof Which are
certi?cation. According to “Licensing Information Manual”
of Dolby Lab., 5.1ch DTV should have this con?guration.
capable of displaying only usable audio menus by being
Herein, a name of the menu can be determined appropriately. 15
TABLE 6
Output Con?guration
Construction 1
In order to achieve the above-mentioned and other
objects, the audio menu display method of the DTV in
accordance With the present invention comprises detecting a
connection state of audio output terminals, getting audio
channels and transmit them to the subWoofer
the DTV, determining a usable audio menu for displaying on
Separate loW-pass elements from the C/Ls/Rs
a certain screen in accordance With the connection state and
channels and transmit them to the subWoofer
audio source information, and displaying the determined
Option item
Construction 3
connected to a DTV.
source information from audio source content received from
Separate loW-pass elements from the L/R/C/Ls/Rs
Construction 2
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
usable audio menu on the screen.
25
EXAMPLE 6
menu on the display.
Additional Audio Service Functions
These and other objects of the present application Will
become more readily apparent from the detailed description
given hereinafter. HoWever, it should be understood that the
A digital audio signal is decoded in accordance With
regulated compression standards such as an AC (audio
Coding)-3 or a MPEG (Moving Picture Expert Group) etc.,
and is transmitted. It is possible to perform beloW audio
detailed description and speci?c examples, While indicating
services in the AC-3/ MPEG.
VI: Visually Impaired
HI: Hearing Impaired
35
preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by Way of
illustration only, since various changes and modi?cations
Within the spirit and scope of the invention Will become
apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed descrip
tion.
ME: Music and Effects, used With Dialogue
Dialogue: used With ME, and used for a multilingual
service
The audio menu display apparatus of a digital television
in accordance With the present invention comprises a display
for displaying video, and a CPU for displaying an audio
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
40
The present invention Will become more fully understood
C: Commentary, comments about a program
E: Emergency, inform an emergency
from the detailed description given hereinbeloW and the
accompanying draWings Which are given by Way of illus
VO: Voice Over, Overlap audio With existing broadcast
tration only, and thus are not limitative of the present
invention and Wherein:
FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating audio sources
inputtable to a DTV, a speaker output, and a monitor output.
audio
45
EXAMPLE 7
FIG. 2A is a block diagram illustrating speaker output
Additional Menus
terminals in accordance With the present invention.
FIG. 2B is a block diagram illustrating monitor output
terminals in accordance With the present invention.
FIGS. 3A—3D illustrate examples of the monitor output
terminal in accordance With the present invention.
Multilingual audio selection menu
similar stereo: Make stereo With Mono source
Front Surround: Make surround effect With a left and a
right speakers
Dynamic Range Compression On/Off: Reproduce
55
dynamic range of AC-3 or reproduce the dynamic range
of AC-3 as it is
information of an audio source in accordance With the
Prologic On/Off: When an AC-3/MPEG source encoded
present invention.
With Dolby prologic or 2 channel analog signal and a
digital PCM signal are inputted from outside, deter
mine automatically Whether a prologic processing is
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE
PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
performed or not
As described in Examples 1—7, lots of audio menus can
The present invention relates to an audio display method
and an apparatus thereof Which are capable of displaying
exist When the DTV is embodied With 5.1 channels in
accordance With the conventional technology. However, the
FIG. 4 is a How chart illustrating an audio menu display
method in accordance With the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a How chart illustrating a method for getting
65
only user usable audio menus among a plurality of audio
number of actual usable menus are strictly limited in accor
menus. The user usable menus can be determined by con
dance With the number of outer speakers connected to the
sidering the number of outer speakers connected to speaker
US 6,867,820 B2
5
6
output terminals of a TV or the number of outer ampli?er
monitor output terminals, and the present selection of audio
input and content of the audio source, determines the present
usable audio menus S30, and displays only the determined
channels (or terminals) connected to monitor output
terminals, and the present selection of audio input among a
plurality of audio inputs. For example, the usable audio
usable menus on the screen S40 When the user selects an
audio menu.
menus are determined by considering the number of
channels, and the kind of services in an AC-3/MPEG.
First, a method for determining the actual usable audio
FIG. 5 is a How chart illustrating a method for getting
information of an audio source in accordance With the
present invention.
menu Will noW be described.
The number of the outer speakers connected to the
speaker output terminals of the DTV or the number of the
outer ampli?er terminals connected to the monitor output
terminals are determined. Herein, terminals capable of
knoWing a connection state of the terminals are used for the
speaker output terminals and monitor output terminals. For
example, When the terminal is in the connection state, high
10
For example, When the selected audio source is encoded
With the AC-3 S21, the CPU can get the audio source
information for example by checking the number of
15
voltage is outputted. When the terminal is not in the con
channels, Whether or not the prologic encoding in present,
the existence of the subWoofer channel, the existence of the
multilingual service, existence of the additional audio
service, etc. at S22. On the contrary, When the selected audio
source is not encoded With the AC-3, the CPU can get the
audio source information by checking Whether or not the
nection state, a loW voltage is outputted. Accordingly, When
the output voltages are inputted to a CPU (not shoWn) in a
system is in stereo/mono state S23.
The methods of FIGS. 4 and 5 can be implemented using
existing hardWare such as one shoWn in FIG. 1, if it is
DTV, the CPU can knoW the present connection state of the
speaker output terminal or monitor output terminal.
FIG. 2A is a block diagram illustrating speaker output
terminals in accordance With the present invention, the
output terminals having a clip form Which can be used.
Herein, L1 and L2 are holes for connecting each signal line.
FIG. 2B is a block diagram illustrating monitor output
terminals in accordance With the present invention. As
The displayed audio menu Will noW be described in more
detail in accordance With the audio source information.
25
For example, if the audio source is a terrestrial ATSC, the
shoWn, RCA terminals can be used.
FIG. 3A is a front vieW of a male connector of a speaker
connected to a left L, a right R, and a center C of the actual
electronically con?gured to implement the present methods.
kind of the audio is the AC-3 encoding, and the number of
the channels is 5.1. In addition, three outer speakers are
speaker output terminals, and tWo outer ampli?er terminals
output terminal in accordance With the present invention,
are connected to a left L and a right R of the monitor output
and FIG. 3B is a side vieW of the side connector of the
terminals.
speaker output terminal.
EXAMPLE 1
FIG. 3C is a side vieW illustrating a female connector of
the speaker output terminal in accordance With the present
invention, and FIG. 3D is a side vieW illustrating a connec 35
tion state of the male connector and female connector. It is
designed to recogniZe the ON/OFF state of the speaker
and the number of the outer ampli?ers connected to the
monitor outputs is tWo (L, R), as depicted in Table 7, the user
FIG. 4 is a How chart illustrating an audio menu display
First, the CPU (e.g., in the DTV) detects the connection
state of the speaker output terminal or monitor output
terminal of the DTV. For example, the number of the
speakers connected to the DTV or the number of the outer
ampli?er terminals connected to the monitor output termi
nals is detected S10. Then, audio source information
Because the number of the outer speakers connected to
the speaker output terminals of the DTV is three (L, R, C)
output terminal automatically and mechanically.
method in accordance With the present invention. An audio
menu is displayed by detecting the connection state of the
present speaker output terminal or monitor output terminal
by a CPU.
Listening Mode
40
selectable menu can be described as beloW Table 7.
TABLE 7
Listening Mode
45
3 Stereo
Left/Right/Center
Stereo
Left/Right
Mono
selected by the user and audio source content information
received to the DTV is obtained S20.
EXAMPLE 2
When the user changes the audio input source, for
example, the user changes a channel, the detecting process
of step S20 is performed, as described above, because the
Balance Control
Because the surround is not connected, the balance con
55 trol can be described as beloW Table 8.
audio source, namely, the program is changed. The detecting
process of step S20 is performed Whenever the audio source
TABLE 8
is changed.
Balance Control
Herein, the content of the audio source can be detected by
referencing program information or content of an audio
stream in case of the ATSC or satellite broadcast. In addition,
Left-Right Balance
in case of digital audio input as the SPDIF (Sony Philips
EXAMPLE 3
Digital Interface), the content of the audio source can be
detected by referencing the content of the audio stream.
Accordingly, the present method detects the number of the
speakers connected to the TV speaker output terminals or
number of the outer ampli?er terminals connected to the
65
Channel Delay
In order to alloW the vieWer to listen to the sound in the
optimum listening circumstances, the output delay of an
US 6,867,820 B2
7
8
audio signal is adjusted so as to transmit the sound of the
front channels L/R/C and the sound of the back channels
capable of preventing the user from setting audio menus
Wrongfully, and selecting the audio menu conveniently by
displaying only the present usable audio menus to the user.
Particularly, When the 5.1 channels are embodied, because
(Left Surround/Right Surround) to the vieWer at the same
time. Herein, the Surround is not connected, and accordingly
it is not displayed.
the present invention arranges many and complicated audio
menus and displays only the present usable menus to the
user, it is possible to provide convenience to the user in the
EXAMPLE 4
audio menu selection process.
Volume Control
It is displayed about the L, R, C channels, Which can be
The invention being thus described, it Will be obvious that
10
the same may be varied in many Ways. Such variations are
not to be regarded as a departure from the spirit and scope
of the invention, and all such modi?cations as Would be
described as beloW Table 9.
TABLE 9
obvious to one skilled in the art are intended to be included
Volume Control
Within the scope of the folloWing claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A method for displaying audio settings menu of a
Master Volume Control
15
Volume Control about the L, R, C
channels
display apparatus, comprising:
Volume Control about the L, R,
C channels
Test Mode
Listen a set volume of the each L,
R, C channel
EXAMPLE 5
Output Construction
25
detecting a connection state of audio output terminals,
Wherein the audio output terminals are speaker output
terminals and monitor output terminals, and Wherein
the connection state is the number of speakers con
nected to the speaker output terminals and the number
of eXternal ampli?ers connected to the monitor output
terminals, and Wherein the detecting step further com
prises detecting an audio input by a user and the content
of the audio source;
receiving audio source information from audio source
Because there is no subWoofer, it is not displayed.
content received from the display apparatus;
EXAMPLE 6
determining usable audio menus based on the connection
state and the audio source content information; and
displaying only the determined usable audio menus on a
Additional Audio Service Functions
BeloW additional audio services are possible in the AC-3/
MPEG.
VI: Visually Impaired
HI: Hearing Impaired
35
screen of the display apparatus.
2. The method according to claim 1, Wherein the audio
input is varied in accordance With channel alternation of the
user.
ME: Music and Effects, used With Dialogue
Dialogue: used With ME, and used for a multilingual
3. The method according to claim 1, Wherein the content
of the audio source is a broadcast program.
service
4. The method according to claim 1, Wherein the audio
C: Commentary, comments about a program
E: Emergency, inform an emergency
40 source is a satellite broadcast, a terrestrial broadcast, a
digital signal, or an analog signal.
5. The method according to claim 4, Wherein the audio
source information is obtained by referencing program
VO: Voice Over, Overlap audio With eXisting broadcast
audio
information or content of an audio stream in an AT SC or the
EXAMPLE 7
45
satellite broadcast, and the digital signal is received by
referencing the content of a digital signal stream.
6. The method according to claim 1, Wherein the deter
mining step further comprises a detecting process for detect
Additional Menus
Multilingual select menu
ing Whether or not an audio state of the display apparatus is
similar stereo: Make stereo With Mono source
Front Surround: Make surround effect With a left and a
stereo/mono When the audio source is not encoded With an
AC-3.
7. The method according to claim 1, Wherein the deter
right speakers
Dynamic Range Compression On/Off: Reproduce
mining step is performed each time a user alters a channel
during audition or a program is changed.
dynamic range of AC-3 after reducing it or reproduce
the dynamic range of AC-3 as it is
Accordingly, the displayed audio menus are strictly lim
ited in accordance With the number of outer speakers con
nected to the speaker output terminal of the TV or the
number of the outer ampli?er terminals connected to the
55
input.
9. The method according to claim 1, Wherein the deter
mining step checks a number of channels and a kind of
services present When the audio source is an AC-3/MPEG.
monitor output terminal, the present audio input selected
10. The method according to claim 1, Wherein in the
among a plurality of audio inputs, and in the AC-3, the
number of channels and kind of services.
The present invention can be adapted to audio menus of
receiving step, the display apparatus is a digital television.
11. A method for displaying audio settings menu of a
display apparatus, comprising:
a set-top boX, an A/V ampli?er, an A/V receiver as Well as
the DTV.
The above-described audio menu display method and an
apparatus thereof in accordance With present invention are
8. The method according to claim 1, Wherein the deter
mining step is performed Whenever a user changes an audio
65
detecting a connection state of audio output terminals;
receiving audio source information from audio source
content received from the display apparatus;
US 6,867,820 B2
9
10
determining usable audio menus based on the connection
state and the audio source information, Wherein the
means for detecting a connection state of the audio output
terminals, Wherein the audio output terminals are
determining step further comprises a detecting process
speaker output terminals and monitor output terminals,
for detecting the number of channels, Whether or not a
prologic encoding exists, an existence of a subWoofer 5
channel, an existence of a multilingual service, and an
speakers connected to the speaker output terminals and
existence of additional audio services, When the audio
source is encoded With an AC-3; and
displaying only the determined usable audio menus on a
screen of the display apparatus.
10
12. An apparatus for displaying audio menu of a DTV
and Wherein the connection state is the number of
the number of external ampli?ers connected to the
monitor output terminals; and
means for determining usable audio settings menus based
on the connection state and audio source content
information, the audio source information being
(digital television) having audio output terminals for out
received from audio source content received from the
putting an audio signal to an external speaker through the
DTV,
external speaker or an external ampli?er and a CPU for
displaying an audio menu on the display, the apparatus 15
comprising:
means for detecting audio source content information;
Wherein only the determined usable audio settings menus
are displayed on the display of the DTV.
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