Zurn-Wilkins | RK114-975XL | Installation guide | Zurn-Wilkins RK114-975XL Installation Guide

Model 975XL2
LEAD-FREE*
Reduced Pressure Principle Assembly (1/4" - 2")
®
*This product contains a weighted average lead content less than 0.25% for wetted surfaces.
*Certified to NSF/ANSI 61-G
 Installation  Testing  Maintenance Instructions
CAUTION: Installation of Backflow Preventers must be performed by qualified,
licensed personnel. The installer should
be sure the proper device has been selected for the particular installation. Faulty
installation could result in an improperly
functioning device.
ZURN WILKINS Model 975XL2 Reduced
Pressure Principle Backflow Preventers
are for use on potable water lines where
a health hazard could exist if a backflow
situation were to occur.
Proper performance is dependent upon
following these installation instructions and
prevailing governmental and industry standards and codes. Failure to do so, according to ZURN WILKINS Limited Warranty "...
releases ZURN WILKINS of any liability that
it might otherwise have with respect to that
device." Such failure could also result in an
improperly functioning device.
Damage to the device could result wherever
water hammer and/or water thermal expansion could create excessive line pressure.
Where this could occur, shock arresters
and/or pressure relief valves should be
installed downstream of the device.
1. Before installing a Model 975XL2 Backflow Preventer, flush the line thoroughly to
remove all debris, chips and other foreign
matter. If required, a strainer should be
placed upstream of the Backflow Preventer.
CAUTION: Do not use a strainer in seldom used emergency waterlines such
as fire lines.
2.The Model 975XL2 must be installed
in a horizontal position to provide proper
operation of the relief valve.
3.Provide adequate space around the
installed unit so that the test cocks will be
accessible for testing and servicing.
4.If installation of a Model 975XL2 is in a
building, provide a suitable drain arrangement to drain off spillage from the relief
valve. An air gap at least two times the pipe
diameter must be provided between the
relief valve and the drain piping to prevent
a cross-connection.
PROTECTIVE
ENCLOSURE
OPTIONAL
WATER METER
AIR GAP
12" MIN
30" MAX
DRAIN
DIRECTION OF FLOW
INLET SHUT-OFF
CAUTION: Do not pipe the relief valve
solidly to a floor drain, sewer or sump.
5.Install valve at least 12 inches above
surrounding flood level.
6. Always consult local codes for installation
methods, approvals and guidance.
OUTDOOR INSTALLATION
Model 975XL2 Backflow Preventer may
be installed outdoors only if the device
is protected against freezing conditions.
Exposure to freezing conditions will result
in improper function or damage to the
device. The installation location must be
kept above 32°F. All the basic installation
instructions apply.
If installation is in a pit or vault, the Backflow
Preventer must never be submerged in
water because this could cause a crossconnection. Make sure that the pit or vault
always remains dry by providing ample
drainage.
INDOOR INSTALLATION
Indoor installation is preferred in areas that
are subject to freezing conditions. All the
basic installation instructions apply to such
installations.
975XL2 REDUCED PRESSURE PRINCIPLE
1.Start with both shut-off valves closed.
Slowly open the inlet shut-off valve until the
backflow preventer is completely pressurized. A brief discharge from the relief valve
may occur while the device is pressurizing.
The discharge should cease by the time the
shut-off valve is fully open. Device should
function properly. If the discharge does not
stop, refer to "MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS" for repair procedures.
2.After the device has been pressurized,
vent all trapped air from both check valve
by slightly opening each of the four test
cocks.
3.Slowly open the downstream shut-off
valve. The Model 975XL2 Reduced Pressure Principle Backflow Preventer is now
in service.
4.If "spitting" or intermittent discharges
from the relief valve are noted, it could be
a result of pressure fluctuation and/or a
water hammer condition in the system. If
such conditions exist, install water pressure reducing valves or water hammer
shock arresters in compliance with industry
standards as needed.
5.After the Model 975XL2 has been properly installed, test the device (see "TEST
PROCEDURES"). If the device fails the
test, remove the first and second check valves and thoroughly flush the device. If
the relief valve fails to operate properly,
inspect the sensing passage for clogging
(see "MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS").
Clean rubber seals of all debris and place
unit back in service.
PARALLEL INSTALLATION
Where uninterrupted service from a single
meter connection must be maintained, two
or more Backflow Preventers may be connected in parallel. All the basic installation
instructions apply to parallel installation. Be
sure to allow adequate room between the
units for testing and repair.
PLACING THE DEVICE IN SERVICE
After the installation of a Model 975XL2 has
been completed, place the unit in service
as follows:
Proposition 65 Warning This product contains chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer or birth defects or other reproductive harm.
®
1
Testing Procedures
MODEL 975XL2 REDUCED PRESSURE PRINCIPLE
ASSEMBLY
975XL2 TEST NO. 2
Purpose:
Test #1 check valve for tightness and record pressure drop across
#1 check valve.
Requirement:
The static pressure drop across #1 check valve shall be greater than
the relief valve opening point (test #1), and at least 5.0 psid.
Procedure:
1.Close by-pass valve "A"
2.Close test cock #4, and disconnect "VENT" hose from test cock
#4.
3.Open by-pass valves "B" and "C" bleeding to atmosphere, then close by-pass valve "B" restoring the system to normal static condition.
4. Observe the pressure differential gauge and note this as the #1 check valve psid.
Equipment Required: Differential pressure gauge test kit.
975XL2 TEST NO. 1
Purpose:
Test #2 check valve for tightness against reverse flow.
Requirement:
The valve must close tight against reverse flow under all pressure
differentials.
Procedure:
1.Attach the "HIGH" hose to test cock #2 and the "LOW" hose to test cock #3.
2.Close #2 shut-off valve.
3.Open test cocks #2 and #3.
4.Open by-pass valves "C" and "A" and bleed to atmosphere until all air is expelled.
5.Close by-pass valve "A". Open by-pass valve "B" and bleed
to atmosphere until all air is expelled. Close by-pass valves "B" and "C".
6.Attach the "VENT" hose to test cock #4.
7.Slowly open by-pass valves "A" and "C" and keep by-pass valve "B" closed.
8.Open test cock #4.
9.Indicated pressure differential will drop slightly. If pressure differential does not continue to decrease, the #2 check valve
is considered tight.
975XL2 TEST NO. 3
Purpose:
To test operation of the differential relief valve.
Requirement:
The pressure differential relief valve must operate to maintain the
"ZONE" between the two check valves at least 2 PSID less than
the supply pressure.
Procedure:
1.Close by-pass valve "C" and open by-pass valve "A".
2.Open by-pass valve "B" very slowly until differential gauge
needle starts to drop. Hold the valve at this position and
observe the gauge reading at the moment the first discharge
is noted from the relief valve. Record this as the opening
differential pressure of the relief valve.
#1 CHECK VALVE
#3 TEST COCK
#2 TEST COCK
#4 TEST COCK
2
XL
5 INS
7
9 LK N
#1 TEST COCK
I
W ZUR
I
5
PS
0°
18
SS
E
13
10
#2 SHUT-OFF VALVE
17
F
A
#2 CHECK VALVE
#1 SHUT-OFF
VALVE
VENT
BY-PASS
VALVE "A"
BY-PASS
VALVE "C"
BY-PASS
VALVE "B"
VENT HOSE
HIGH SIDE HOSE
LOW SIDE HOSE
2
ZURN WILKINS
1747 Commerce Way, Paso Robles, CA 93446 Phone:855-663-9876 Fax:805-238-5766
www.zurn.com
®
Maintenance Instructions
All Model 975XL2 Reduced Pressure Principle Backflow Preventers must be inspected and maintained by licensed personnel at
least once a year or more frequently as specified by local codes.
Replacement of worn or damaged parts must only be made with
genuine "ZURN WILKINS" parts. The ZURN WILKINS Certificate
of Limited Warranty provides that failure to do so "...releases
ZURN WILKINS of any liability that it might otherwise have with
respect to that device." Such failure could also result in an improperly functioning device.
The Model 975XL2 Reduced Pressure Principle Assemblies
should be thoroughly flushed after backflow conditions occur to
prevent any type of corrosive deterioration to its components.
Failure to do so could result in malfunction of the device.
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
1.Clean all parts thoroughly with water after disassembly.
2.Carefully inspect rubber seal rings, diaphragms and o-rings
for damage.
3.Test unit after reassembly for proper operation (see "Testing
Procedures").
SERVICING CHECK VALVES
1.Close inlet and outlet shut-off valves.
2.Open No. 2, No. 3 and No. 4 test cocks to release pressure
from valve.
3.Unscrew check valve covers using appropriate size wrench
(CAUTION: Cover is spring loaded). To avoid injury, hold cover
down firmly with one hand while unscrewing.
4.Remove check valve cover, spring and poppet assembly.
RETAINING SCREW
(CHECK)
SEAT(CHECK)
SEAL RING RETAINER
(CHECK)
5.Inspect the rubber seal ring for cuts or embedded debris. To
remove seal ring, remove screw and seal ring retainer. If the
reverse side of the seal ring is unused, it is possible to invert the
seal ring. This would be considered a temporary solution to fixing
a fouled check and should be replaced with a new seal ring as
soon as possible.
6.Inspect valve cavity and seating area. Remove any debris.
7.If installed with removable seat, unscrew seat from body and
replace with new seat and lightly grease o-ring.*
8.Reverse the above procedures to reinstall check valve assembly. Care should be taken to make sure the heavy spring
is installed in the No. 1 check valve. For the 3/4"-1" 975XL2SE
the No. 2 poppet has a cupped seal retainer. For the 1 1/4"-2"
975XL2SE the No. 1 seat has a taller seat profile than the No. 2 seat.
SERVICING RELIEF VALVE
1.Remove relief valve cover bolts and cover. Gently pull on diaphragm to remove the cartridge assembly.
2.Inspect seal ring for cuts and embedded debris. Turn over or
replace if required.
3.Disassemble cartridge by unscrewing relief valve retaining screw.
4.Inspect diaphragm and o-rings for damage. Replace required
parts and apply a light coat of grease to plunger o-ring.
5.Carefully reassemble cartridge assembly.
6.Inspect relief valve seat for wear on seating surface. If damaged, replace seat and seat o-ring.*
7.Insert cartridge assembly into relief valve body.
8.Replace relief valve cover and cover bolts.
9.Place device in service and test per "TESTING PROCEDURES".
*For seat removal assistance, consult factory.
COVER(CHECK)
RELIEF VALVE COVER
SPRING(CHECK)
COVER BOLTS
DIAPHRAGM
PLUNGER(UPPER)
SEAL RING
(RELIEF VALVE)
POPPET
O-RING
(CHECK SEAT)
SEAL RING
(CHECK)
SEAT(RELIEF VALVE)
SPRING
(RELIEF VALVE)
O-RING
(COVER)
RETAINING SCREW
(RELIEF VALVE)
O-RING(PLUNGER)
PLUNGER
(LOWER)
SEAL RING RETAINER
(RELIEF VALVE)
SEAT O-RING
(RELIEF VALVE)
Troubleshooting
When the relief valve discharges intermittently it can be almost always assumed that the device is functioning correctly and that the
discharge is caused by systems such as inlet pressure fluctuations or water hammer due to quick closing valves.
PROBLEM
1.SUDDEN OR RAPID SPITTING
2.LIGHT INTERMITTENT DRIP
POSSIBLE CAUSES
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1. Drop in inlet pressure.
A. Install an in-line spring loaded check 2. Sudden increase in downstream pressure valve upstream of backflow.
due to water hammer from quick closing B. Install pressure reducing valve upstream shut-off valve installed downstream.
of backflow unit.
C. Install in-line spring loaded check valve downstream of backflow as close to source
as possible, but not closer that 4 feet.
1. Slightly fouled #1 check.
A. Clean #1 check and turn check valve seal ring over or replace.
Continuous discharge of the relief valve signifies a failure of some part of the device. To help determine the specific area of failure, close
the #2 shut-off valve. If the discharge stops, the #2 check requires service. If the discharge continues, the #1 check requires service.
1. Fouled #1 check.
A. Clean check valves and turn check valve 1.CONTINUOUS DISCHARGE
2. Fouled relief valve seat.
seal rings over or replace.
3. Fouled #2 check
B. Clean relief valve seat and turn relief valve seal ring over or replace.
In summation, the amount of discharge is proportional to degree of fouling. Most problems occur in the #1 check which is where
debris enters the backflow preventer first.
®
ZURN WILKINS
1747 Commerce Way, Paso Robles, CA 93446 Phone:855-663-9876 Fax:805-238-5766
www.zurn.com
3
Performance Characteristics
Capacity thru Schedule 40 Pipe
SPECIFICATIONS
Maximum working water pressure
175 PSI
Maximum working water temperature
180°F
Hydrostatic test pressure
350 PSI
End connections
Threaded NPT
ANSI B1.20.1
Pipe size
5 ft/sec
7.5 ft/sec
10 ft/sec
15 ft/sec
1/8"
1
1
2
3
1/4"
2
2
3
5
3/8"
3
4
6
9
1/2"
5
7
9
14
3/4"
8
12
17
25
1"
13
20
27
40
1 1/4"
23
35
47
70
1 1/2"
32
48
63
95
2"
52
78
105
167
12.6
15.8
137
FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
MODEL 975XL2 1/4", 3/8" & 1/2" (STANDARD & METRIC)
0.38
0.19
20
0.76
0.57
0.95
137
1/4" (6mm)
3/8" (9mm)
15
1/2" (15mm)
10
5
0
9
6
3
103
69
35
15
12
PRESSURE LOSS (kpa)
PRESSURE LOSS (PSIG)
FLOW RATES (l/s)
FLOW RATES (GPM)
Rated Flow (Established by approval agencies)
MODEL 975XL2 3/4", 1", 1 1/4", 1 1/2" & 2" (STANDARD & METRIC)
1.26
20
2.52
3/4" (20mm)
3.8
5.0
1" (25mm)
15
15
10
10
5
20
0
40
60
80
3.2
20
5
6.3
9.5
1½"
(40mm)
1 1/4" (32mm)
2" (50mm)
103
69
0
50
100
150
200
35
250
PRESSURE LOSS (kpa)
PRESSURE LOSS (PSIG)
FLOW RATES (l/s)
FLOW RATES (GPM)
Rated Flow (Established by approval agencies)
Proper performance is dependent upon licensed, qualified personnel performing regular, periodic testing according to ZURN
WILKINS’ specifications and prevailing governmental & industry standards and codes and upon following these installation instructions. Failure to do so releases ZURN WILKINS of any liability that it might otherwise have with respect to that device. Such
failure could also result in an improperly functioning device.
®
ISSM975XL2 (REV. 4/13)
ZURN WILKINS
1747 Commerce Way, Paso Robles, CA 93446 Phone:855-663-9876 Fax:805-238-5766
www.zurn.com
4
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