Rheem Performance | XE38S06ST38U1 | Use and Care Manual | Rheem Performance XE38S06ST38U1 Use and Care Manual

Use & Care Manual
With Installation Instructions for the Installer
Electric Residential
Water Heaters
Single and Double Element Models,
Residential 30 - 40 Gallon With Energy Cover
The purpose of this manual is twofold:
one, to provide the installer with the basic
directions and recommendations for the proper
installation and adjustment of the water heater;
and two, for the owner–operator, to explain
the features, operation, safety precautions,
maintenance and troubleshooting of the water
heater. This manual also includes a parts list.
It is imperative that all persons who are
expected to install, operate or adjust this
water heater read the instructions carefully
so they may understand how to perform
these operations. If you do not understand
these instructions or any terms within it, seek
professional advice.
Any questions regarding the operation,
maintenance, service or warranty of this
water heater should be directed to the seller
from whom it was purchased. If additional
information is required, refer to the section on
“If you need service.”
Do not destroy this manual. Please read
carefully and keep in a safe place for future
reference.
!
!
Recognize this symbol as an
indication of Important Safety
Information!
alifornia Proposition 65 Warning:
C
This product contains chemicals
known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
®
LISTED
786H
Printed in USA
AP17547 (12/14)
Safety Information
Safety Precautions. . . . . . . 3, 4
FOR YOUR RECORDS
Write the model and serial numbers here:
#
#
You can find them on a label on the appliance.
Staple sales slip or cancelled check here.
Installation Instructions
Location. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Proof of the original purchase date is needed to obtain service
under the warranty.
Water Connections . . . . . . . . . 6
Electrical Connections. . . . . . 8
Operating Instructions
Safety Controls . . . . . . . . . . 12
Water Temperature . . . . . . . . 13
READ THIS MANUAL
Inside you will find many helpful hints on how to use and
maintain your water heater properly. Just a little preventive care
on your part can save you a great deal of time and money over
the life of your water heater.
You’ll find many answers to common problems in the Before
You Call For Service section. If you review our chart of
Troubleshooting Tips first, you may not need to call for service at
all.
READ THE SAFETY INFORMATION
Care and Cleaning
Draining. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Your safety and the safety of others are very important. There
are many important safety messages in this manual and on your
appliance. Always read and obey all safety messages.
Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
!
Extended Shut-Down. . . . . 15
Troubleshooting Tips
Before You Call
For Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
All safety messages will follow the safety alert symbol and
either the word “DANGER”, “WARNING”, “CAUTION” or
“NOTICE”.
These words mean:
An imminently hazardous situation ! DANGER
that will result in death or serious injury.
!
Customer Service
Parts List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
If You Need
Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Wiring Diagram. . . . . . . . . . 20
2
This is the safety alert symbol. Recognize this symbol
as an indication of Important Safety Information!
This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can
kill or hurt you and others.
!
WARNING
A potentially hazardous situation that could result in death or serious injury and/or damage to property.
CAUTION A potentially hazardous situation that may result in minor or moderate injury.
Notice:
Attention is called to observe a specified procedure or maintain a specific condition.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION.
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE USING.
DANGER!
WATER TEMPERATURE SETTING
Safety and energy conservation are factors to be considered when selecting the water
temperature setting of water heater’s thermostat. Water temperatures above 125°F
can cause severe burns or death from scalding. Be sure to read and follow the warnings
outlined on the label pictured below. This label is also located on the water heater near
the thermostat access panel.
Time/Temperature Relationship in Scalds
!
DANGER
Temperature
Time To Produce a Serious Burn
120°F
125°F
130°F
135°F
140°F
145°F
150°F
155°F
More than 5 minutes
1½ to 2 minutes
About 30 seconds
About 10 seconds
Less than 5 seconds
Less than 3 seconds
About 1½ seconds
About 1 second
Table courtesy of Shriners Burn Institute
T
ESE
NOTICE: Mixing valves are available for reducing point
of use water temperature by mixing hot and cold water
in branch water lines. Contact a licensed plumber or the
local plumbing authority for further information.
The illustration at the left shows the temperature
adjustment dial used
Reset button
for setting the water
temperature.
R
Children, disabled and elderly are
at highest risk of being scalded.
See instruction manual before
setting temperature at water
heater.
Feel water before bathing or
showering.
Temperature limiting valves are
available, see manual.
The temperature of the water in the heater is
regulated by the adjustable surface mounted
thermostat(s) located behind the jacket access
panel(s). Dual element heaters have two thermostats.
To comply with safety regulations the thermostat(s)
were set at 120°F before the water heater was
shipped from the factory.
ESE
Water temperature over 125°F can
cause severe burns instantly or
death from scalds.
! DANGER: Households with small children, disabled,
or elderly persons may require a 120°F or lower thermostat
setting to prevent contact with “HOT” water.
R
BURN
The chart shown above may be used as a guide
in determining the proper water temperature for your
home.
T
HOT
Thermostat dial
pointer
150°F
(66°C)
Thermostat
protective
cover
90°F
(32°C)
125°F (52°C)
TURN OFF
POWER
BEFORE
SERVICING
Refer to the Operating
Instructions in this
manual for detailed
instructions in how to
adjust the thermostat(s).
! DANGER: Hotter water increases the potential for
Hot Water SCALDS.
3
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION.
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE USING.
WARNING!
For your safety, the information in this manual must be followed to minimize the risk of
fire or explosion, electric shock, or to prevent property damage, personal injury, or loss of
life.
Be sure to read and understand the entire Use and Care Manual before attempting
to install or operate this water heater. It may save you time and cost. Pay particular
attention to the Safety Instructions. Failure to follow these warnings could result in
serious bodily injury or death. Should you have problems understanding the instructions
in this manual, or have any questions, STOP, and get help from a qualified service
technician, or the local electric utility.
FOR INSTALLATIONS IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA
California Law requires that residential water heaters must be braced, anchored or
strapped to resist falling or horizontal displacement due to earthquake motions. For
residential water heaters up to 52 gallon capacity, a brochure with generic earthquake
bracing instructions can be obtained from: Office of the State Architect, 400 P Street,
Sacramento, CA 95814 or you may call 916-324-5315 or ask a water heater dealer.
However, applicable local codes shall govern installation. For residential water heaters
of a capacity greater than 52 gallons, consult the local building jurisdiction for acceptable
bracing procedures.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Have the installer show you the location of the circuit breaker and how to shut it off if
necessary. Turn off the circuit breaker if the water heater has been subjected to overheating,
fire, flood, physical damage or if the ECO fails to shut off.
● Read this manual entirely before installing
or operating the water heater.
● Use this appliance only for its intended
purpose as described in this Use and Care
Manual.
● Do not attempt to repair or replace any part
of your water heater unless it is specifically
recommended in this manual. All other
servicing should be referred to a qualified
technician.
● Be sure your appliance is properly installed
in accordance with local codes and the
provided installation instructions.
READ AND FOLLOW THIS SAFETY INFORMATION
CAREFULLY.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
4
Installing the water heater.
The location chosen for the water heater must take into consideration the following:
Local Installation Regulations
This water heater must be installed in
accordance with these instructions, local
codes, utility codes, utility company
requirements or, in the absence of local
codes, the latest edition of the National
Electrical Code. It is available from some
local libraries or can be purchased from
the National Fire Protection Association,
Batterymarch park, Quincy, MA 02269 as
booklet ANSI/NFPA 70.
Location
Locate the water heater in a clean dry area
as near as practical to the area of greatest
heated water demand. Long uninsulated hot
water lines can waste energy and water.
Place the water heater in such a manner
that the thermostat and element access
panels can be removed to permit inspection
and servicing such as removal of elements
or checking controls.
! CAUTION: The water heater should not
be located in an area where leakage of the
tank or connections will result in damage to
the area adjacent to it or to lower floors of
the structure. Where such areas cannot be
avoided, it is recommended that a suitable
catch pan, adequately drained, be installed
under the water heater.
The water heater and water lines should
be protected from freezing temperatures.
Do not install the water heater in outdoor,
unprotected areas.
Make certain the floor underneath
the water heater is strong enough to
sufficiently support the weight of the
water heater once it is filled with water.
B
A—Diameter of water
heater plus 2″ min.
B—Maximum 2″
A
To open drain, line
should be at least 3/4″ ID
and pitched for proper
drainage.
NOTICE: Auxiliary catch pan MUST conform to local codes.
Catch Pan Kits are available from the store where the water heater was
purchased, or any water heater distributor.
Inspect Shipment
Inspect the water heater for possible damage. Check the markings on the rating plate
of the water heater to be certain the power supply corresponds to the water heater
requirements.
5
Installing the water heater.
Thermal Expansion
Determine if a check valve exists in the
inlet water line. Check with your local
water utility. It may have been installed in
the cold water line as a separate back flow
preventer, or it may be part of a pressure
reducing valve, water meter or water softener.
A check valve located in the cold water inlet
line can cause what is referred to as a “closed
water system”. A cold water inlet line with
no check valve or back flow prevention
device is referred to as an “open” water
system.
As water is heated, it expands in volume and
creates an increase in the pressure within the
water system. This action is referred to as
“thermal expansion”. In an “open” water
system, expanding water which exceeds the
capacity of the water heater flows back into
the city main where the pressure is easily
dissipated.
A “closed water system”, however, prevents
the expanding water from flowing back
into the main supply line, and the result of
“thermal expansion” can create a rapid
and dangerous pressure increase in the water
heater and system piping. This rapid pressure
increase can quickly reach the safety setting
of the relief valve, causing it to operate during
each heating cycle. Thermal expansion, and
the resulting rapid and repeated expansion
and contraction of components in the water
heater and piping system can cause premature
failure of the relief valve, and possibly the
heater itself. Replacing the relief valve will
not correct the problem!
The suggested method of controlling thermal
expansion is to install an expansion tank in
the cold water line between the water heater
and the check valve (refer to the illustration
below). The expansion tank is designed
with an air cushion built in that compresses
as the system pressure increases, thereby
relieving the over pressure condition and
eliminating the repeated operation of the
relief valve. Other methods of controlling
thermal expansion are also available. Contact
your installing contractor, water supplier or
plumbing inspector for additional information
regarding this subject.
Water Supply Connections
NOTICE: Do not apply
heat to the HOT or COLD
water connections. If sweat
connections are used, sweat
tubing to adapter before
fitting adapter to the water
connections on heater.
Any heat applied to the
water supply fittings will
permanently damage the dip
tube and/or heat traps.
Refer to the illustration below for suggested typical installation. The installation of unions
or flexible copper connectors is recommended on the hot and cold water connections so that
the water heater may be easily disconnected for servicing if necessary. The HOT and COLD
water connections are clearly marked and are 3/4″ NPT on all models. Install a shut-off valve
in the cold water line near the water heater.
Typical Installation
To electrical
distribution panel
Union
Heat trap
6" minimum
Vacuum Relief Valve
(Not Supplied)
Temperature
&
Pressure
Relief Valve
Union
If required, install per local codes
and valve manufacturer’s
instructions.
Hot water outlet
to fixtures
Electrical junction box
(use only copper conductors)
Anode
Heat trap
6" minimum
To cold water
supply
Jacket access
panels
Thermal
expansion tank
(if required)
Shut-off
valve
Relief valve discharge line
to suitable open drain
Auxiliary catch pan
2" maximum
6" air gap
6
Drain valve
A new combination temperature and pressure relief valve, complying with the Standard for Relief
Valves and Automatic Gas Shut-Off Devices for Hot Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22, is supplied
and must be installed in the opening provided and marked for the purpose on the water heater. No
valve of any type should be installed between the relief valve and the tank. Local codes shall govern the
installation of relief valves.
Relief Valve
! WARNING: The pressure
rating of the relief valve must
not exceed 150 PSI, the
maximum working pressure of
the water heater as marked on
the rating plate.
The Btu/h rating of the relief valve must
not be less than the input rating of the
water heater as indicated on the rating
label located on the front of the heater
(1 watt=3.412 Btu/h).
Connect the outlet of the relief valve
to a suitable open drain so that the
discharge water cannot contact live
electrical parts or persons and to eliminate
potential water damage.
Piping used should be of a type approved
for hot water distribution. The discharge
line must be no smaller than the outlet of
the valve and must pitch downward from
the valve to allow complete drainage (by
gravity) of the relief valve and discharge
line. The end of the discharge line should
not be threaded or concealed and should
be protected from freezing. No valve of
any type, restriction or reducer coupling
should be installed in the discharge line.
To Fill the Water Heater
! WARNING: The tank must
be full of water before heater
is turned on. The water heater
warranty does not cover
damage or failure resulting
from operation with an empty
or partially empty tank.
Make certain the drain valve is completely
closed.
A steady flow of water from the hot water
faucet(s) indicates a full water heater.
Open the shut-off valve in the cold water
supply line.
Open each hot water faucet slowly to
allow the air to vent from the water
heater and piping.
Condensation
Condensation can form on the tank when
it is first filled with water. Condensation
might also occur with a heavy water draw
and very cold inlet water temperature.
This condition is not unusual, and will
disappear after the water becomes heated.
If, however, the condensation continues,
examine the piping and fittings for
possible leaks.
7
Installing the water heater.
Ground screw
N ING
WAR
Conduit
connector
Junction
box cover
Wire connections
Water heater junction box.
! CAUTION: The presence
of water in the piping and
water heater does not provide
sufficient conduction for a
ground. Non-metallic piping,
dielectric unions, flexible
connectors etc. can cause the
water heater to be electrically
isolated.
Electrical Connections
A separate branch circuit with copper
conductors, overcurrent protective device
and suitable disconnecting means must be
provided by a qualified electrician.
All wiring must conform to local codes or
latest edition of National Electrical Code
ANSI/NFPA 70.
The water heater is completely wired to
the junction box inside jacket at the top
front of the water heater. An opening for
1/2″ or 3/4″ electrical fitting is provided
for field wiring connections.
The voltage requirements and wattage
load for the water heater are specified
on the rating plate on the front of the
water heater.
The branch circuit wiring should include either:
etallic conduit or metallic sheathed
M
cable approved for use as a
grounding conductor and installed
with fittings approved for the
purpose.
on-metallic sheathed cable, metallic
N
conduit or metallic sheathed cable
not approved for use as a ground
conductor shall include a separate
conductor for grounding. It should be
attached to the ground terminals of
the water heater and the electrical
distribution box.
NOTICE: This guide recommends minimum branch circuit sizing and wire size based on National Electric Code. Refer to
wiring diagrams in this manual for field wiring connections.
Branch Circuit Sizing and Wire Size Guide
Single Phase
Wiring
8
Copper Wire Size AWG Based
on N.E.C. Table 310-16 (75°C)
208V240V277V480V
208V
240V
277V
480V
3,000 20
20
15
15 12
12
14
14
4,000 25
25
20
15 10
10
12
14
4,500 30
25
25
15 10
10
10
14
5,000 30
30
25
15 10
10
10
14
5,500 35
30
25
15 8
10
10
14
6,000 40
35
30
20 8
8
10
12
8,000 50
45
40
25 8
8
8
10
9,000 –
50
45
25 –
8
8
10
10,000 –
–
50
30 –
–
8
10
11,000 –
–
50
30 –
–
8
10
12,000 –
–­–
35 –
–
–
8
3 Phase
Wiring
Total Water Recommended Over Current Protection Heater Wattage (fuse or circuit breaker amperage rating) Total Water Recommended Over Current Protection Heater Wattage (fuse or circuit breaker amperage rating) Copper Wire Size AWG Based
on N.E.C. Table 310-16 (75°C)
208V240V277V480V
208V
240V
277V
480V
3,000 20
20
–
15 12
12
–
14
4,000 25
25
–
15 10
10
–
14
4,500 30
25
–
15 10
10
–
14
5,000 30
30
–
15 10
10
–
14
5,500 35
30
–
15 8
10
–
14
6,000 35
30
–
15 8
10
–
14
8,000 45
40
–
20 8
8
–
12
9,000 50
45
–
25 8
8
–
10
10,000 –
50
–
25 –
8
–
10
11,000 –
50
–
25 –
8
–
10
12,000 –
–­–
30 –
–
–
10
Energy Efficiency
This water heater meets or exceeds the
National Appliance Energy Conservation
Act standards with respect to insulation
and standby loss requirements when the
energy cover in installed. The energy
cover must be installed in accordance to
the instructions provided.
Hot and Cold Pipe Insulation Installation
Typical vertical piping arrangement
Typical horizontal piping arrangement
For increased energy efficiency, some
water heaters have been supplied with
two 24” sections of pipe insulation.
Please install the insulation, according
to the illustrations above, that best meets
your requirements.
Water Heater Energy Cover Installation Instructions
Items Provided:
2. Apply 3 pieces of tape 6” long across
cover seam as shown in Figure 2.
1 - water heater energy cover top
3. Apply a strip of tape 32” long over
entire length of seam, as shown in
Figure 3.
1 - water heater energy cover
2 - tape strips - 3” x 40”
Installation:
1. With vinyl side out, wrap the cover
around water heater as shown in
Figure 1.
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
9
Installing the water heater.
4. Insulate top of water heater by placing
top insulation as shown in fig. 4.
5. Secure top insulation to cover by
using 4 tape strips 6” long as shown
in fig. 5.
Figure 4
!
CAUTION: Avoid contact with
your eyes and skin. Wear long sleeved,
loose fitting clothing, gloves and eye
protection when handling fiberglass.
Wash with soap and warm water after
handling.
Figure 5
Relief Valve Insulation Installation
! CAUTION: Ensure the
T&P Valve opening is not
obstructed by the insulation.
Typical top connection arrangement
Typical side connection arrangement
For increased energy efficiency, some
water heaters have been supplied with
a 2-3/8” section of pipe insulation.
Slip the insulation cover over the T&P
Valve through the center hole and align
the hole in the side with the opening of
the T&P Valve.
Please install the insulation, according
to the illustrations above, that best meets
your requirements.
Heat Trap
For increased energy efficiency, some
water heaters have been supplied with
factory installed internal or external heat
traps in the hot outlet and cold water inlet
openings.
10
NOTICE: Do not apply heat to the HOT
or COLD water connections. If sweat
connections are used, sweat tubing to
adapter before fitting adapter to the
water connections on heater. Any heat
applied to the water supply fittings will
permanently damage the dip tube and/
or heat traps.
Installation Checklist
A. Water Heater Location
❑ Close to area of heated water demand.
❑ Indoors and protected from freezing temperatures.
❑ Area free of flammable vapors.
❑ Provisions made to protect area from water ❑ Sufficient room to service heater.
damage.
B. Water Supply
❑ Water heater completely filled with water.
❑ Air purged from water heater and piping.
❑ Water connections tight and free of leaks.
C. Relief Valve
❑ Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve properly installed and discharge line run to open drain.
❑ Discharge line protected from freezing.
D. Wiring
❑Power Supply voltage agrees with water
heater rating plate.
❑Branch circuit wire and fusing or circuit
breaker of proper size.
❑Electrical connections tight and unit properly
grounded.
11
Operating the water heater.
CAUTION: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system served by this water heater that has not been
used for a long period of time (generally two weeks or more). HYDROGEN GAS IS EXTREMELY
FLAMMABLE!! To dissipate such gas and to reduce risk of injury, it is recommended that the hot water faucet be
opened for several minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance connected to the hot water
system. If hydrogen is present, there will be an unusual sound such as air escaping through the pipe as the water
begins to flow. Do not smoke or use an open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
Safety Precautions
o turn off power to water heater if
D
it has been subjected to over heating,
fire, flood, physical damage.
o Not turn on water heater unless it
D
is filled with water.
o Not turn on water heater if cold
D
water supply shut-off valve is closed.
there is any difficulty in
If
understanding or following the
Operating Instructions or the
Care and Cleaning section, it is
recommended that a qualified person
or serviceman perform the work.
Safety Controls
WARNING: If the water
heater has been subjected
to flood, fire, or physical
damage, turn off power and
water to the water heater.
Do not operate the water
heater again until it has
been thoroughly checked by
qualified service personnel.
12
The water heater is equipped with a
combination thermostat and temperature
limiting control (ECO) that is located
above the heating element in contact with
the tank surface. If for any reason the water
temperature becomes excessively high, the
temperature limiting control (ECO) breaks
the power circuit to the heating element.
Once the control opens, it must be reset
manually.
CAUTION: The cause of the high
temperature condition must be
investigated by qualified service
technician and corrective action must
be taken before placing the water
heater in service again.
To reset the temperature limiting control:
urn off the power to the water
T
heater.
emove the jacket access panel(s)
R
and insulation.
he thermostat protective cover
T
should not be removed.
Press the red RESET button.
eplace the insulation and jacket
R
access panel(s) before turning on the
power to the water heater.
Water Temperature Setting
! DANGER: There is a
hot water scald potential if
the thermostat is set too
high. Households with small
children, disabled, or
elderly persons may require
a 120°F or lower thermostat
setting to prevent contact
with HOT water.
The temperature of the water in the water
heater can be regulated by setting the
temperature dial of the adjustable surface
mounted thermostat(s) located behind the
jacket access panel(s).
Dual element heaters have two
thermostats.
Safety and energy conservation are factors
to be considered when selecting the water
temperature setting of the water heater’s
thermostat(s). The lower the temperature
setting, the greater the savings in energy
and operating costs.
To comply with safety regulations the
thermostat(s) are factory set at 120°F or
less where local codes require. This is the
recommended starting point.
Water temperatures above 125°F can
cause severe burns or death from scalding.
Be sure to read and follow the warnings
outlined in this manual and on the label on
the water heater. This label is located on
the water heater near the thermostat access
panel.
Mixing valves for reducing point of use
water temperature by mixing hot and
cold water in branch water lines are
available. Contact a licensed plumber or
the local plumbing authority for further
information.
The chart below may be used as a guide in
determining the proper water temperature
for your home.
Time/Temperature Relationship in Scalds
Temperature
Time To Produce a Serious Burn
120°F
125°F
130°F
135°F
140°F
145°F
150°F
155°F
More than 5 minutes
11/2 to 2 minutes
About 30 seconds
About 10 seconds
Less than 5 seconds
Less than 3 seconds
About 11/2 seconds
About 1 second
Table courtesy of Shriners Burn Institute
R
ESE
T
T
R
Reset button
ESE
If adjustment is necessary…
Thermostat dial
pointer
150°F
(66°C)
Thermostat
protective cover
90°F
(32°C)
125°F (52°C)
TURN OFF
POWER
BEFORE
SERVICING
urn off the power to the water
T
heater.
emove the jacket access panel(s)
R
and insulation exposing the
thermostat(s).
he thermostat protective cover(s)
T
should not be removed.
sing a small screwdriver, set the
U
thermostat(s) dial pointer(s) to
the desired temperature.
eplace the insulation and jacket
R
access panel(s). Turn on the power to
the water heater.
Type 59T thermostat and protective
cover.
13
Care and cleaning of the water heater.
Draining the Water Heater
CAUTION: Shut off power to the
water heater before draining water.
DANGER: Before manually
operating the relief valve, make certain
no one will be exposed to the hot water
released by the valve. The water
drained from the tank may be hot
enough to present a scald hazard and
should be directed to a suitable drain to
prevent injury or damage.
In order to drain the water heater, turn off
the cold water supply. Open a hot water
faucet or lift the handle on the relief valve
to admit air to the tank.
Attach a garden hose to the drain valve on
the water heater and direct the stream of
water to a drain. Open the valve.
Routine Preventative Maintenance
DANGER: Before
manually operating the
relief valve, make certain
no one will be exposed to
the danger of coming in
contact with the hot water
released by the valve. The
water may be hot enough to
create a scald hazard. The
water should be released
into a suitable drain to
prevent injury or property
damage.
NOTICE: If the
temperature and pressure
relief valve on the hot
water heater discharges
periodically, this may be
due to thermal expansion
in a closed water system.
Contact the water
supplier or your plumbing
contractor on how to
correct this. Do not plug
the relief valve outlet.
14
Properly maintained, your water heater
will provide years of dependable troublefree service.
It is suggested that a routine preventive
maintenance program be established and
followed by the user.
It is further recommended that a periodic
inspection of the operating controls,
heating element and wiring should be
made by service personnel qualified in
electric appliance repair.
Most electrical appliances, even when
new, make some sound when in operation.
If the hissing or singing sound level
increases excessively, the electric heating
element may require cleaning. Contact a
qualified installer or plumbing contract to
inspect.
At least once a year, lift and release the
lever handle on the temperature pressure
relief valve, located near the top of the
water heater, to make certain the valve
operates freely. Allow several gallons to
flush through the discharge line to an open
drain.
A water heater’s tank can act as a setting
basin for solids suspended in the water.It
is therefore not uncommon for hard water
deposits to accumulate in the bottom of the
tank. It is suggested that a few quarts of
water be drained from the water heater’s
tank every month to clean the tank of these
deposits.
Rapid closing of faucets or solenoid
valves in automatic water using appliances
can cause a banging noise heard in a
water pipe. Strategically located risers in
the water pipe system or water hammer
arresting devices can be used to minimize
the problem.
The anode rod should be removed from the
water heater’s tank annually for inspection
and replaced when more than 6″ of core
wire is exposed at either end of the rod.
Make sure the cold water supply is turned
off before removing anode rod.
Care and cleaning of the water heater.
Vacation and Extended Shut-Down
NOTICE: Refer to the
Hydrogen Gas Caution in
the Operating Instructions.
If the water heater is to remain idle for an
extended period of time, the power and
water to the appliance should be turned off
to conserve energy and prevent a build-up
of dangerous hydrogen gas.
The water heater and piping should be
drained if they might be subjected to
freezing temperatures.
After a long shut-down period, the
water heater’s operation and controls
should be checked by qualified service
personnel. Make certain the water heater
is completely filled again before placing
it in operation.
Anode Rod
NOTICE: Do not remove
the anode rod from the
water heater’s tank,
except for inspection
and/or replacement, as
operation with the anode
rod removed will greatly
shorten the life of the glass
lined tank and will exclude
warranty coverage.
This water heater is equipped with an
anode rod designed to prolong the life
of the glass lined tank. The anode rod is
slowly consumed, thereby eliminating or
minimizing corrosion of the glass lined
tank.
Water sometimes contains a high sulfate
and/or mineral content and together with
cathodic protection process can produce
a hydrogen sulfide, or rotten egg odor in
the heated water. Chlorination of the water
supply should minimize the problem.
15
Before You Call For Service…
Troubleshooting Tips
Save time and money! Review the chart on this page first
and you may not need to call for service.
Problem
Possible Causes What To Do
Rumbling noise
Water conditions in your
home caused a build up of
scale or mineral deposits
on the heating elements.
●Remove and clean the heating elements.
Relief valve
Pressure build up caused
●This is an unacceptable condition and must be
producing popping
by thermal expansion corrected. Contact the water supplier or plumbing
noise or draining
in a closed system. contractor on how to correct this. Do not plug the
relief valve outlet.
Rattling noise
during periods
of water usage
Internal heat trap
●This is normal for heat trap fittings when in operation
fittings in operation. and does not indicate a need for service.
Not enough or
no hot water
Water usage may have
●Wait for the water heater to recover after an abnormal
exceeded the capacity demand.
of the water heater.
A fuse is blown or a circuit
breaker tripped.
●Replace fuse or reset circuit breaker.
Electric supply may be off.
●Make sure electric supply to water heater and
disconnect switch, if used, are in the ON position.
The thermostat may ●See the Temperature regulation of the water heater
be set set too low. section of this manual.
Leaking or open hot water faucets.
●Make sure all faucets are closed.
Electric service to your home may be interrupted.
●Contact the local electric utility.
Improper wiring.
●See the Installing the water heater section of this
manual.
Manual reset limit (ECO).
●See the Temperature regulation of the water heater
section of this manual.
Cold water inlet ●This is normal. The colder inlet water takes longer
temperature may be to heat.
colder during the
winter months.
Water is too hot
The thermostat ●See the Temperature regulation of the water heater
is set too high. section of this manual.
! CAUTION: For your safety DO NOT attempt repair of electrical wiring, thermostats, heating elements or other safety
devices. Refer repairs to qualified service personnel.
16
Replacement Parts.
For 30–40 gallon models with single and double elements.
Instructions For Placing a Parts Order
Address parts orders to the distributor or
store where the heater was purchased.
All parts orders should include:
he model and serial number of the
T
water heater from the rating plate.
pecify voltage and wattage as
S
marked on the rating plate.
Temperature & Pressure
relief valve
Dip tube/internal heat trap
Internal heat trap
Dip tube gasket
art description (as noted below) and
P
number of parts desired.
! CAUTION: For your safety DO NOT
attempt repair of electrical wiring,
thermostat(s), heating elements or other
operating controls. Refer repairs to qualified
service personnel.
Some models may have
been supplied with
External heat traps
in lieu of Internal heat traps
Anode rod
Internal heat trap
gasket
Junction box cover
Plate cover
Upper thermostat protective cover
(on double element models only)
R
Cavity insulation
E
SE T
RE
SE T
Heating element
gasket
(on double element
models only)
Upper thermostat
(on double element
models only)
90
140
100
130
120 110 O - D I
MER
SC
TH
OFF
TURN ER
POW RE
BEFO
ICING
SERV
Heating element
(on double element
models only)
Upper thermostat bracket
(on double element
Lower thermostat
models only)
Lower thermostat Jacket access
panel(s)
protective cover
Heating element
gasket
90
140
130
TH
120
M
ER
100
110 D I S C
-O
OFF
TURN ER
POW RE
BEFO
ICING
SERV
Heating element
Thermostat
bracket
Cavity
insulation
Drain valve
17
Cavity Insert Instructions
The following instructions are intended for
qualified service personnel ONLY, and should only
be done when necessary.
In order to replace the thermostat or heating element,
remove the cavity insert crossbar by following the
instructions below:
Turn off the power to the water heater.
Remove the jacket access panel(s) and insulation.
otate the crossbar up and down until it breaks away
R
from the remainder of the cavity insert.
(See illustration to the left)
iscard the crossbar. It cannot and need not be
D
replaced.
Replace the thermostat and/or element as necessary.
eplace the insulation and jacket access panel(s)
R
before turning on the power to the water heater.
NOTICE: The cavity insert crossbar is necessary for
the manufacturing process only. The removal of the
crossbar will not interfere with the operation of the
water heater.
18
IF YOU NEED SERVICE
1.Should you have any questions about your new water heater, or if it requires
adjustment, repair, or routine maintenance, it is suggested that you first contact
your installer, plumbing contractor or previously agreed upon service agency. In
the event the firm has moved, or is unavailable, refer to the telephone directory,
commercial listings or local utility for qualified service assistance.
2. Should your problem not be solved to your complete satisfaction, you should
then contact the Manufacturer’s National Service Department at the following
address:
1241 Carwood Court
Montgomery, Alabama 36117
Phone: 1-866-279-4566.
When contacting the manufacturer, the following information will be requested:
a. Model and serial number of the water heater as shown on the rating plate attached
to the jacket of the heater.
b. Address where the water heater is located and physical location.
c. Name and address of installer and any service agency who performed service on
the water heater.
d. Date of original installation and dates any service work was performed.
e. Details of the problems as you can best describe them.
f. List of people, with dates, who have been contacted regarding your problem.
19
1
2
HEATING
ELEMENT
1
3
1
3
2
4
2
4
1
4
1
4
1
4
2
JUNCTION
BOX
UPPER
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP.
LIMIT (ECO)
BLUE
YELLOW
BLUE
TM 1
YELLOW
JUNCTION
BOX
L2
4
1
3
4
2
4
2
2
BLACK
RED
BLACK
RED
BLUE
BLACK
RED
UPPER
HEATING
ELEMENT
LOWER
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP
LIMIT (ECO)
1
LOWER
HEATING
ELEMENT
FIG. B
UPPER
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP.
LIMIT (ECO)
LOWER
THERMOSTAT
1
LOWER
HEATING
ELEMENT
UPPER
HEATING
ELEMENT
1
2
2
1
LOWER
THERMOSTAT
FIG. D
2
LOWER
HEATING
ELEMENT
LOWER
HEATING
ELEMENT
LOWER
HEATING
ELEMENT
FIG. C
2
1
BLACK
3
2
UPPER
HEATING
ELEMENT
SINGLE ELEMENT
FIG. A-2
G
2
BLACK
UPPER
HEATING
ELEMENT
1
2
BLACK
RED
BLACK
2
RED (10 GA)
BLACK (10 GA)
LOWER
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP
LIMIT (ECO)
1
1
*
L1
3
BLACK
2
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP.
LIMIT (ECO)
L2
1
2
BLACK
3
4
UPPER
HEATING
ELEMENT
RED
RED
1
RED (10 GA)
BLACK (10
GA)
LOWER
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP
LIMIT (ECO)
L2
BLACK
*
BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
JUNCTION
BOX
G
L1
120 V ONLY
*
YELLOW
YELLOW
SINGLE ELEMENT
RED
BLACK
HEATING
ELEMENT
UPPER
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP.
LIMIT (ECO)
G
BLACK TM 2
4
JUNCTION
BOX
JUNCTION
BOX
YELLOW
(10 GA)
2
TM2
L1
BLUE
2
3
L2
YELLOW
BLUE
BLACK
JUNCTION
BOX
1
2
1
*
G
L1
BLUE
4
TM1
L2
RED
2
*
YELLOW
3
G
BLUE
1
L1
YELLOW
1
L2
CONNECTOR TO "OFF
PEAK"
METER (TIMER)
BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
UPPER THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP. LIMIT
(ECO)
WHITE
2
*
G
BLACK
(10 GA)
BLACK
L1
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP.
LIMIT (ECO)
1
BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION PANEL
TM2
RED
(10 GA)
N
JUNCTION
BOX
*
G
H
DOUBLE ELEMENT
NON-SIMULTANEOUS
WITH 3 WIRE OUTLET
DOUBLE ELEMENT
NON-SIMULTANEOUS
WITH 4 WIRE OUTLET !
DOUBLE ELEMENT
NON-SIMULTANEOUS
TO SECOND POWER SOURCE,
"OFF PEAK" METER, OR
TIMER
BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
BLUE
(10 GA)
BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION
PANEL
UPPER THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP. LIMIT
(ECO)
FIG. A-1
DOUBLE ELEMENT
SIMULTANEOUS OPERATION
WITH 4 WIRE OUTLET
BLUE
DOUBLE ELEMENT
SIMULTANEOUS OPERATION
FIG. E
FIG. F
! This water heater is factory equipped for two (2) wire connection to
electrical power. For use with "off-peak" meter (timer) remove wire
nut from red and black leads and connect to "off-peak" meter (timer).
* Grounding conductor may be required.
Refer to Wiring Section of Manual
THIS ELECTRIC WATER HEATER IS WIRED AS INDICATED ABOVE OR BELOW
DOUBLE ELEMENT
SIMULTANEOUS OPERATION
Wiring Diagrams
Electric Water Heaters for
3 - Phase Applications
3- PHASE BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION PANEL
L3
L2
*
L2
L1
L3
G
YELLOW
1
3
2
4
*
UPPER THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP. LIMIT (ECO)
BLUE
BLUE
1
2
1
2
BLACK
RED
BLACK
LOWER
HEATING
ELEMENT
4
LOWER
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP
LIMIT (ECO)
1
2
1
YELLOW
UPPER
HEATING
ELEMENT
LOWER
THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP
LIMIT (ECO)
3
4
2
RED (10 GA)
BLUE
2
1
2
LOWER
HEATING
ELEMENT
FIG. H
UPPER
HEATING
ELEMENT
RED
BLACK (10 GA)
1
BLACK
3
4
UPPER THERMOSTAT
& HIGH TEMP. LIMIT (ECO)
1
2
YELLOW
BLUE (10 GA)
YELLOW (10 GA)
G
FIG. G
20
3- PHASE BRANCH CIRCUIT
TO ELECTRICAL
DISTRIBUTION PANEL
L1
Therm-O-Disc Thermostats
(Type 59T)
For the connection of this
water heat er to a 3-Phase Branch
Circuit, con nect field wiring to
the water heater as indicated in
the ap pro pri ate wiring diagram
at right. A sep a rate junction box
is being supplied with this water
heater (check bot tom of carton)
to accomodate wir ing and conduit con nec tions. Install the
Junction Box as shown on the
Installation/Instruction Sheet
in clud ed in the plastic bag
at tached to the heater.
DOUBLE ELEMENT
NON-SIMULTANEOUS
Download PDF