BRIDGE Number: 168 UK £3.95 Europe €5.00 December 2016 Bernard Magee’s Acol Bidding Quiz This month we are dealing with the fifth bid of an auction. You are West in the auctions below, playing ‘Standard Acol’ with a weak no-trump (12-14 points) and four-card majors. 1. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ K Q 3 N ♥ K 8 7 6 WE ♦ A J S ♣ A 7 6 5 WestNorth East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 1NT1Pass2NTPass 1 15-17 balanced ? 2. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ K Q 3 ♥ A K 6 5 4 N WE ♦ K Q 3 S ♣ 6 2 WestNorth East South 1♥ Pass1NTPass 2NT Pass 3♣Pass ? 3. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ A K 4 2 N ♥7 WE ♦ 8 5 4 S ♣ A Q 9 4 3 WestNorth East South 1♣Pass1♥Pass 1♠ Pass2NTPass ? Answers on page 41 4. Dealer West. Love All. ♠7 N ♥ A K 4 3 2 WE ♦ J 5 3 S ♣ A Q 7 6 WestNorth East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♠Pass ? 5. Dealer West. Love All. ♠9 ♥ K Q 6 5 4 N WE ♦ A 4 2 S ♣ K Q 5 4 WestNorth East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♥Pass ? 6. Dealer West. Love All. ♠9 N ♥ K Q 6 5 4 WE ♦ K Q 5 4 S ♣ A 7 3 WestNorth East South 1♥ Pass2♣Pass 2♦Pass2♥Pass ? Answers on page 43 7. Dealer West. Love All. ♠2 N ♥ A K 8 7 2 WE ♦ K 4 2 S ♣ Q J 4 2 WestNorth East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♦1Pass 1 Fourth suit forcing ? 8. Dealer West. Love All. ♠2 N ♥ A K 8 7 2 WE ♦ J 4 S ♣ Q J 9 4 2 WestNorth East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♦1Pass 1 Fourth suit forcing ? 9. Dealer West. Love All. ♠Void N ♥ A K 8 7 2 WE ♦ K Q 4 2 S ♣ Q J 4 2 WestNorth East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♦1Pass 1 Fourth suit forcing ? Answers on page 45 10. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ K 4 N ♥ 7 6 WE ♦ 8 4 3 S ♣ A K J 7 6 5 WestNorth East South 1♣Pass1♥Pass 2♣Pass2♦Pass ? 11. Dealer West. Love All. ♠3 ♥ Q 2 N WE ♦ A K 8 7 6 S ♣ A K 8 4 2 WestNorth East South 1♦Pass1♥Pass 2♣Pass2♦Pass ? 12. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ K Q 8 4 N ♥ K 2 WE ♦ 8 7 S ♣ A K 6 5 4 WestNorth East South 1♣Pass1♥Pass 1♠ Pass3♣Pass ? Answers on page 47 NEW – 2017 AUTUMN BRIDGE CRUISE ANCIENT GREECE, SICILY &SPAIN spain Mediterranean Greece Seville Cartagena Sea Athens Jerez Trapani Palermo Granada Segesta Santorini sicily Cadiz Malaga Valletta Heraklion Knossos malta crete DEPARTS UK OCTOBER 18, 2017 SEGESTA, SICILY OCT 18 14-day fly-cruise from £2,150 per person OCT 19 OCT 20 OCT 21 OCT 22 OCT 23 OCT 24 OCT 25 OCT 26 OCT 27 OCT 28 OCT 29 OCT 30 with Mr & Mrs Bridge Combine your desire to travel with your passion for bridge on a voyage across the Mediterranean Sea. Explore Minoan Santorini and Crete. Sail into the grand harbour of Valletta. Enjoy the monumental sites of Sicily and the magnificent Alhambra Palace at Granada before Aegean Odyssey sails inland along the Guadalquivir River to the heart of Andalusia and its splendid capital – Seville. OCT 31 Fly to ATHENS Greece Transfer to Aegean Odyssey in nearby Piraeus SANTORINI Greek Islands (Akrotiri) HERAKLION Crete (Knossos) At Sea VALLETTA Malta PALERMO Sicily PALERMO Sicily (Monreale) TRAPANI Sicily (Segesta) At Sea CARTAGENA Spain MALAGA Spain (Granada) CADIZ Spain (Jerez) CADIZ Spain River cruising along the Guadalquivir River SEVILLE Spain SEVILLE Spain Disembark and transfer to Seville Airport for flight home overnight overnight overnight AEG171018BR MR BRIDGE VALUE FARES Standard Inside from Standard Outside from Premium Outside from Odyssey Club Members enjoy an additional 5% discount on prices shown above. £2,150pp £2,650pp £2,795pp SINGLE SUPPLEMENT %† JUST 10 CALL NOW ON 01483 489961 OR VISIT www.mrbridge.co.uk Cabins can be held at no obligation for 7 days • • • • • • • • • • 10093 ABTA No.Y2206 FARES INCLUDE: Scheduled economy class flights Expert guest speaker programme Mr Bridge drinks party Duplicate bridge every evening Morning seminars and afternoon bridge when at sea Sightseeing excursions in all ports of call All meals on board in choice of two restaurants Complimentary wine with dinner on board Gratuities for on-board cabin and restaurant staff Overseas transfers and baggage handling Mr Bridge fares are per person and subject to availability at time of booking. They may be withdrawn at any time without notice. Please see website for full terms and conditions. †Single accommodation is available only in certain categories and is subject to availability. MRS BRIDGE RIP There is no possible way I can sit down and write my usual monthly editorial and advertorial notes without first reporting my sad news. Believe me I have tried, but as you know, it has been my policy to talk to you as if you were sitting here with me in my office. A few days after returning home from hospital, she died yesterday more or less in my arms. As the travel side of the business has developed, so her involvement became more apparent and her sudden death has come as a great shock to us all. Part of the price of writing to everyone in an open and friendly way, without being economical with the truth on all the bridgey politics is to tell it how I see it. You will see from the adverts inside the magazine, as well as on the back page, for cruises to celebrate my forthcoming 30th Mr Bridge Anniversary, that she expected to play a prominent part in these celebrations. Indeed, only a few hours ago we were positively talking about fitting in the river cruise advertised in this month’s centrefold and happily I have been able to make the necessary corrections. Earlier this year we sailed BRIDGE December 2016 from South Africa across the Indian Ocean to Sri Lanka and the following month from Mumbai to find ourselves Jordan before flying home. We also fitted in two Greek Island cruises, one in the spring and one in the autumn. It was only the offer of a cancellation bed for her recent operation that stopped her from travelling on the current Minerva cruise. You will gather from my previous writings in this column that I am a somewhat reluctant traveller but I will go a long way for a quiet life. There was no way she was going to miss out on the river cruise and you can see from the dates that the timings would have been tight. Had I objected, she would mutter that clever management would find a way. So I would go with the flow. This may not sound very much like the real me but we were very much one. COMING SOON Q PLUS 12 Really user-friendly bridge-playing software DIARIES l Help button – explains the features for bidding and card play advice l Displays Still some 2017 Bridge Players’ Diaries in stock. Luxury covers in navy blue or ruby red. £14.95 each. WANT STAMPS? on HD and large screens Now Ready l Comprehensive manual l Feed in your own deals l Minibridge option l 5,000 preplayed hands for teams l 4,000 preplayed hands for matchpoint pairs l Save match function l Closed room – button to view other table If you need some for posting your Christmas cards, you should make use of Clive Goff’s wonderful discounted stamp service. See his advertisement on page 4. ( 0208 422 4906 or email [email protected] ONCE AGAIN In addition to the new columns announced last month, Ask Jeremy about the EBU, Ask Bernard about his columns, DVDs and tutorial CDs and Ask Leanora Adds about our Travel Service, we have a new series by Heather Dhondy (see above) called Bridge Movies and A History of Playing Cards by Paul Bostock (see below), Court Assistant in the Worshipful Company of Makers of Playing Cards. FEATURES INCLUDE £99 including p&p TRADE-IN OFFER To all my lovely staff, teams of helpers, writers, proofreaders and contributors; indeed to everyone involved in the growing success of BRIDGE and especially you, without whom it could not be published. Thank you. Send in ANY bridge software, together with a cheque for £50 and receive QPlus 12. Wishing you all I wish for myself this Christmas and throughout the coming year. Love, peace and blessings. ( 01483 489961 Mr Bridge www.mrbridge.co.uk System: 8mb RAM, CD-ROM, Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8 or 10 Mr Bridge Page 3 BRIDGE Ryden Grange, Knaphill, Surrey GU21 2TH ( 01483 489961 [email protected] www.mrbridge.co.uk shop: www.mrbridge.co.uk/ mrbridge-shop Publisher and Managing Editor Mr Bridge Associate Editor and Bridge Consultant Bernard Magee bernardmagee @mrbridge.co.uk Cartoons & Illustrations Marguerite Lihou www.margueritelihou.co.uk Features this month include: 1 Bidding Quiz by Bernard Magee 3Mr Bridge 5 Another Flat Board by John Barr 2 Ancient Greece, Sicily & Spain with Voyages to Antiquity 6 In My Opinion by Andrew Kambites 3 QPlus 12 8 Catching Up with Sally Brock 4 Clive Goff ’s Stamps 9 Lebensohl Part 2 by Jeremy Dhondy 6 Used Stamps for Little Voice 12 David Stevenson Answers Your Questions 15 Defence Quiz by Julian Pottage 16 Seven Days by Sally Brock 19 More Tips by Bernard Magee 19 Declarer Play Quiz by David Huggett 20 Sally’s Slam of the Month 21 Declarer Play Answers by David Huggett 22 Further into the Auction by Bernard Magee 24 Listen to the Bidding by Michael Byrne Technical Consultant Tony Gordon 26 Wendy Wensum’s Diaries Typesetting & Design Ruth Edmondson [email protected] 28 Teachers’ Corner by Ian Dalziel Proof Readers Julian Pottage Mike Orriel Catrina Shackleton Richard Wheen Customer Services Catrina Shackleton [email protected] Events & Cruises ( 01483 489961 Jessica Galt [email protected] Megan Riccio [email protected] Sophie Pierrepont [email protected] Clubs & Charities Maggie Axtell [email protected] Address Changes ( 01483 485342 Elizabeth Bryan [email protected] Printed in the UK by The Magazine Printing Company www.magprint.co.uk Page 4 ADVERTISERS’ INDEX 27 Defence Quiz Answers by Julian Pottage 30 The Sheriff ’s Perfect Partner by David Bird 32 Julian Pottage Answers Your Questions 36 Not Just a Pretty Face by Shireen Mohandes 38 Are You on the Same Side as Partner? by Andrew Kambites 40 Readers’ Letters 41 Bidding Quiz Answers (1-3) by Bernard Magee 43 Bidding Quiz Answers (4-6) by Bernard Magee 45 Bidding Quiz Answers (7-9) by Bernard Magee 47 Bidding Quiz Answers (10-12) by Bernard Magee 48 Why is the UK Almost Alone in Playing Weak and Four-Card Majors? by Julian Pottage 50 Moments of Madness Update by Shireen Mohandes REDUCE THE COST OF YOUR POSTAGE Postage stamps for sale at 85% of face-value, all mint with full gum. Quotations for commercial quantities available on request. Values supplied in 100s, higher values available as well as 1st and 2nd class (eg 2nd class: 100x38p+100x16p). ( 020 8422 4906 e-mail: [email protected] 7 Mr Bridge Festive Season 2016 10 Mr Bridge Bridge Events 11 Denham Filming 2017 15 Bernard Magee’s Tutorial Software 17 Norway Winter with Fred.Olsen 18 2017 Cruises on Magellan 20 Croatia with Mr Bridge 21 Mr Bridge Playing Cards 22 Bernard Magee DVDs Sets 1-3 23 Bernard Magee DVDs Sets 4-6 29 Club Insurance 29 Travel Insurance 39 Designs for Bridge Tables 40 Cities & Waterways of Europe with Fred.Olsen 41 Renaissance & Rivieras with Voyages to Antiquity 42 Better Hand Evaluation 43 Madeira, Morocco & Seville with Voyages to Antiquity 45 Acol Bidding with Bernard Magee 47 Declarer Play with Bernard Magee 48 Designs for Bridge Table Covers 49Defence with Bernard Magee 50 Charity Events 51 Italian & Adriatic Highlights with Voyages to Antiquity 52 Seville, Morocco & Canary Islands with Voyages to Antiquity BRIDGE December 2016 Letters from Overseas Another Flat Board by John Barr W e recently had our patio extended and were surprised at the number and variety of machines that appeared in our garden. Between them the tools could dig, move and measure the earth and ballast in our garden, but the most important tool was the machine used to flatten the base before the patio is laid. Indeed, the machine that worked the hardest, and made most noise, was the flattening machine. I recently had to work hard to flatten a wild board in a teams match. ♠ J 7 4 3 ♥3 ♦ Q 5 ♣ A K 10 7 6 3 ♠ K Q 2 ♠8 ♥ 9 5 2 N ♥ A J 10 8 7 4 ♦ 10 3WE ♦ A J 9 4 S ♣ Q J 9 5 2 ♣ 8 4 ♠ A 10 9 6 5 ♥ K Q 6 ♦ K 8 7 6 2 ♣Void After competitive auctions at both tables the contract was 4♠ doubled and BRIDGE December 2016 the opening lead was a heart to the ace. At the other table, East wanted to keep his diamond ace to kill the queen, so continued hearts at trick two, which was not a success, as dummy’s two diamonds were quickly discarded and declarer lost only one heart and two spade tricks to score 790. Against me, East cashed the diamond ace, and continued the suit as West had played the ten without giving it too much thought. Had East played a trump at trick three, the contract would have been doomed. I won the diamond trick in dummy, cashed the top clubs and ruffed a club. When East showed out on the third round of clubs I had an almost perfect count on the hand. From his enthusiastic double of the final contract, I placed West with ♠K-Q-x, to go with his three hearts, two diamonds and five clubs. In order to strip him of safe exit cards, I ruffed my two winning hearts in dummy and ruffed two further clubs in my hand, coming to the end position below. I now played the ♦K and West was left without resource. If he ruffed small I would over ruff, and if he ruffed high he would be end played – having to lead away from his second spade honour into my tenace. ♠ J 7 ♥— ♦— ♣10 ♠ K Q 2 N ♥— WE ♦— S ♣— ♠ A 10 ♥— ♦K ♣— immaterial 4♠ doubled and made at both tables – another boring flat board! ■ Page 5 In My O Used stamps have been sent from the following: Mrs B Marks, London N2. Mrs S Polson, Clayton-Le-Moors. Mr A Corker, Bromley, Kent. Mr G Tomacelli, London SW3. Holy Trinity Church, Eggleston. Mrs J Breeze, Wolverhampton. Mrs D Hibberts, Alsager. Mrs U Ings, Beckenham. Mr R Mitchell, Edenbridge. Mrs E P Lewis, Southwold. Buchanan Bridge Club, Glasgow. Mr J Miller, Loughborough. Mr Peter Ashby, London W13. Mr Lothian, Gosforth. Mrs M Shephard, Ferndown. Mrs L Ross, Inverness. Mrs M Johnson, Solihull. Mrs M Witherington, Bangor, N.I. Mr C Phillips, Cheltenham, Glos. Mrs J Duncan, Oban. Mrs K Donoghue, Skipton, Yorks. Mrs M Spencer, Lympstone, Devon. Mrs Hawkins, Guildford. Mrs B Judd, Bournemouth. Mrs Pam Nicoll, Aberdeenshire. Mrs Jean Rogers, Saundersfoot. Mr & Mrs P Cobham, Weybridge. Mrs D Thomas, Bury St Edmunds. Mr C Phillips, Cheltenham. Mr D Milton, Beckenham. Mr & Mrs T Clarke, Markfield. Mrs D Thomas, Bristol. Mrs H McNeil, Faversham. Mrs Cornelius, Verwood. Mrs Joyce, Preston. Mr A Butcher, Crowthorne. Mrs H Boumann, Hook. Ms S Keast, Gainsborough. Mr J Cobett, Horsham. Mr J Redmond, County Down. Dr K Shillam, Brighton. Mrs K Gregory, Cheltenham. A great big thank you from everyone at Little Voice in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Africa. Please keep saving stamps in support of our work. Page 6 How the E by Andrew The September issue of BRIDGE starts with an opinion on why the number o sometimes counterproductive way the EBU conducts itself. I would certainly not b The Shareholders Teaching Why is the EBU like this? The EBU is a democracy. Counties are shareholders and, each year, have the opportunity to vote candidates onto the EBU board and its committees. Fine in theory, but how about in practice? You can divide players into many categories, but it is not unreasonable to divide them into two groups. First there are social players who want to improve their game but don’t take it too seriously. Second, there are competitive players for whom bridge is often a huge part of their lives. The first group is far bigger than the second, but inevitably it is the second group that puts up candidates for EBU elections. The delegates who volunteer to represent their counties at the shareholders’ meeting also tend to belong to the second group, so if a more social player decided to stand he won’t be known to the voters. So it is inevitable that the EBU board and committees are dominated by fairly serious players. They mean well and put a huge amount of unpaid effort into the task, but they simply don’t understand Mr and Mrs Bloggs who play once a week for social reasons at a small village club, or for that matter the difficulties faced by Mr Director who puts in a huge effort to run his small club as a one man operation. I have no obvious answer to this, but the results are often detrimental to the future of bridge and this has been going on for years. The history of EBUTA (the EBU teaching association which is vital in bringing in new players) demonstrates this. In the early 1980s EBUTA was an elitist organisation. I had to pass a written exam to achieve the qualification which included advance squeezes. Membership of EBUTA was about 150 and there was a huge parallel world of teaching that had no contact with EBUTA. Then a new member of the board was given responsibility for education, Tom Bradley. He was probably the only member of the board with any real interest in education so I doubt if he had to fend off huge opposition, but it was a revolutionary move because Tom understood that personal qualities were more important to most bridge teaching than expert bridge knowledge. Tom effectively sacked the bridge elite (and had to put up with enormous personal vilification) and appointed Pat Husband, a retired further education teacher and vice principal, to run EBUTA; Pat was a visionary. She understood the need for ‘Best behaviour at Bridge’ even though the name was not there. Pat understood the problem of introducing beginners to a club where a single example of rudeness, criticism or other unpleasantness could undo years of hard work by a teacher. She realised that the first requirement of bridge teachers was the ability to motivate and communicate. She also realised that the right approach was to bring the parallel world of teaching into EBUTA and help them gradually improve, both in their teaching skills and bridge ability. There were an awful lot of bridge experts who made simplistic and quite nasty comments about members of EBUTA. BRIDGE December 2016 Opinion 2016 FESTIVE SEASON EBU Works Denham Grove Near Uxbridge, UB9 5DG w Kambites of bridge players seems to be declining. The writer refers to the ineffective and blame the EBU for everything, but it is interesting to look at how the EBU works. I was privileged to work closely with Pat. Membership of EBUTA soared to above 1,000. Each year, we had a weekend jamboree for teachers, and frequently over 100 attended. There were sessions to improve their teaching skills as well as sessions to help their understanding of bridge. Teachers shared their experiences and skills with others. Minibridge became part of the learning process. Some years later Sandra Landy was brought in to help develop the ‘Bridge for All’ programme. The idea behind this was originally to help teachers. Good materials were produced, and a simple system of Acol called ‘Standard English’ was made available. I won’t say that the process was entirely smooth but EBUTA and teaching flourished. However, the EBU board made a fatal mistake. It decided that in order to recoup as quickly as possible the financial outlay they had made in ‘Bridge for All’, teachers should be co-erced to use the materials. It was made clear that the EBU did not welcome other teachers. The results were predictable. Many teachers had been using their own materials successfully for years and would not be co-erced into paying for materials they didn’t want. They left EBUTA. Pat fell out badly with the EBU and left. I was at the last jamboree with just 25 teachers present when John Pain, now the education manager, had to explain that the EBU board had recognised its mistake and that all teachers were welcome in EBUTA. EBUTA has steadily recovered ever since. This demonstrates that people without understanding make decisions that tend to shoot themselves in the proverbial foot. Sometimes, the results can BRIDGE December 2016 have very disturbing consequences. I was heavily involved in junior bridge in the early 2000s. Effectively, teachers like me who believed it was vital to involve the parents and take an interest in the whole person (eg encourage academic success) brought juniors into the system and then saw responsibility pass to the selection committee who had little understanding of the issues facing young people. I remember when Steve Eginton was elected to the selection committee, he told me that the first time he realised they had responsibility for juniors was at the first meeting. Steve took the creditable view that if he had responsibility for juniors he should at least try to get to know them, and attended some junior events, which is more than most of them did. The consequences were dire: the junior scene was full of unpleasant behaviour, bullying and even drugs. Young people with mental health problems and personality disorders (eg Asperger’s syndrome) were not understood and often dominated the scene. I can remember having a frank exchange of views with the chairman of selectors which ended with him telling me that he was elected and I wasn’t, so his views would prevail. I wrote to the secretary of every county association about the junior scene and with their outrage, the EBU was forced to accept its responsibilities. I am now out of touch with junior bridge, but Michael Byrne is to be highly commended on his efforts with the Under 20s. In summary, the EBU has to get to the point where people who make decisions listen to those it affects and have an understanding of all the consequences. It has a long way to go. ■ Christmas 23-27 Dec £495 Duplicates and Seminars Game Tries hosted by Will Parsons Twixmas 27-29 Dec £245 Duplicates and Seminars Better Defence hosted by Bernard Magee New Year 29 Dec-2 Jan £445 Duplicates and Seminars Better Finessing hosted by Bernard Magee Ramada Resort Grantham Marston, Lincs NG32 2HT Christmas 23-27 Dec £495 Just Duplicate hosted by Shelia Rogers Twixmas 27-29 Dec £215 Duplicates and Seminars Doubles hosted by John & Rebecca Ronan New Year 29 Dec-1 Jan £345 Duplicates and Seminars Signals and Discards hosted by John & Rebecca Ronan Back to Back bookings save £50 (per additional event) ( 01483 489961 For details and itineraries mrbridge.co.uk/ukbreaks Page 7 Catching Up with Sally Brock A lot of this catching-up period was filled with not doing particularly well in the World Bridge Games in Wroclaw, Poland. It was a nice town and the playing conditions were particularly good. The venue was the Hala Stulecia, a magnificent collection of exhibition spaces set in beautiful grounds. In the breaks, we had lunch on a long terrace facing an amazing array of fountains. Every so often, the fountains ‘danced’ in time to music that was played over loud speakers, magnificently choreographed, with rainbows forming where the sunlight caught the water. The town was very pleasant too, bigger than I had expected. Near our hotel, the railway arches had been converted into small eateries and bars – lovely to sit out in the mild evenings and have a drink and supper. The only drawback was the distance between the venue and the hotel, but taxis were cheap so it was not a serious problem. We plodded along in the Round Robin, without inspiration, but never in any danger of not qualifying. Theoretically, it is good to be in the top four because then you can choose your opponents from fifth through eighth in the other group. I guess that can be quite an advantage if you are going to finish first or second, but otherwise it doesn’t really matter. And we can all lose to anyone and beat anyone, depending on the day. We qualified in sixth place, and played our Round of 16 match against Italy. We started well, and continued even better, winning pretty decisively with all our team playing well. That qualified us for a quarter-final match against China. We started OK, but had a bad second set, leaving us a dozen or so down. Sets three, four and five were more or less level, so we had everything to play for. However, the Chinese played excellently in the last set and we didn’t really have any opportunities. They ran out winners by 26 IMPs. I was keen to get home, and so Page 8 bought a new flight, leaving at lunchtime on the Wednesday. Briony picked me up from the airport and it was good to have a couple of extra days in my life (though I obviously would have preferred to win). The Thursday was the last brilliant day of summer. I allowed myself to be persuaded into actually getting into a kayak. Once I got in it was lovely, paddling up and down the Grand Union Canal though somehow Briony glided along effortlessly while I seemed to have to work quite hard to make little progress. However, I’m definitely going to do it again (but maybe not in winter). The Sunday was Briony’s 21st birthday. Having been away for her eighteenth I was delighted that I was able to be there for her twenty-first. In honour of the occasion, Toby came out and we had a lovely evening on the Saturday, playing games, eating good food and finally watching a truly terrible movie. On the day itself, at her request, we drove to Bournemouth where she and Toby had booked a surfing lesson. In the event the sea was too calm so they had to settle for paddle boarding instead. Still, they had a good time. It was a lovely day and I enjoyed sitting in the sun watching them. The following week was mostly spent getting back to normal. On the Thursday, my American friend Karen and husband Alex arrived. They had been travelling in Poland after the World Bridge Games finished and were due some time in the UK before travelling home. I arranged a dinner party in their honour on the Thursday which was good fun, and then on the Friday we went into London and I played with Karen at the Young Chelsea. It must have been 25 years since we last played but at least we managed to win. We all stayed in Barry’s small flat. Then we went off to Israel, while they travelled to see relatives in the north in my car before dropping it off at Luton Airport for me to collect on my return. Israel. What can I say? It was just fabulous. We started with two nights staying in the Old City in Jerusalem. Everything was amazing, if a bit exhausting – so many steps. Then we picked up a hire car and drove to the Dead Sea. The main purpose of the trip was Ben and Dana’s wedding on the Friday, but on the Tuesday there was a reception at her parents’ home just east of Jerusalem. That was a great evening that started with a walk through the village’s pomegranate farm. The next day we set off for Haifa for a couple of nights, then took the car back to Tel Aviv where we met up with the bus taking other guests to the wedding. We arrived at about four and after a quick wash and change joined in proceedings. After a drink and a snack we all went a short way out of the village where they had the chuppah on top of a hill. They made their vows to each other, the principal guests also gave blessing, and we all had a glass of wine and some bread. Then the sun set. Fabulous. The eating, drinking and dancing went on all night I believe but we gave up just before midnight – suddenly I have become one of the ‘oldies’ when once upon a time I was one of the youngest. How did that happen? In the morning we woke up early and decided to walk down to the village – about 2km. We were slightly concerned that we might get lost in the desert. When there, we helped ourselves to breakfast – salad, cheese, eggs, bread – and coffee and tea brewed on an open fire. There were various activities going on – a photography workshop which started at 6am, camel rides for the stout-hearted, for example. Then the bus arrived to take us back to Tel Aviv. We got a taxi to take us to our hostel in Jaffa – we have mostly stayed in hostels – lovely old buildings, with huge rooms, but fairly basic facilities. On the Sunday morning, there was just time for a walk in the old port, before heading to the airport. The journey home was without incident, including the worrying bit which was finding where Karen and Alex had left my car. ■ BRIDGE December 2016 Conventions Part 24 with Jeremy Dhondy Lebensohl Part 2 T he Lebensohl article in the previous issue covered what happens after your side opens 1NT and the other side intervene at the two level. Once this idea became established in the 1970s, minds turned to how the principle could be extended. One consequence of this is that it reduced the number of times 2NT was natural in any competitive auction. It used to irritate a teammate of mine to the point that he insisted that the phrase ‘unless 2NT is specifically discussed it is always natural’ was written into the team system notes. That, at least, avoids misunderstanding but there are situations where Lebensohl can help make auctions more precise. After your side doubles a weak two Consider the following pair of hands. On each of them the auction has started: West ? 1 Weak North East South 2♠1DblPass double. On the second hand, you wish to suggest game if he has a reasonable hand. How do you do this? If you don’t play Lebensohl, you pretty much have to bid game on the second hand. In principle, if you take out partner’s double to a suit at the three level, you could have a one count or a ten count and partner has to guess. Lebensohl removes part of the guess. With the first hand, you bid 2NT and when partner bids 3♣ you bid 3♥ to say, ‘All I wanted was to play here.’ If you hold the second hand you bid 3♥ directly to say, ‘I have hearts and would like to suggest game.’ What to do with a very good hand There is one very important difference between these sequences and one where 1NT was opened and the next hand bid. When the sequence starts: West 1NT ? North East South 2♠2NTPass You hold either of these hands: West’s opening bid is within quite a narrow range (say 12-14) and he will always bid 3♣ now allowing East to show his hand, but in sequences such as the one above where it has started: WestWest ♠ 7 5 ♠ 7 5 ♥ K J 9 6 4 ♥ K Q 9 6 4 ♦ 8 4 3 2 ♦ A 4 3 2 ♣ Q 3 ♣ J 3 West 2NT On the first hand, you simply wish to get out alive at the lowest level and (probably) play in hearts. Partner will have some hearts for his take-out BRIDGE December 2016 North East South 2♠DblPass Pass ? Now East can have anything from a shapely 12 count to a block busting 22 count so he cannot afford to rebid 3♣ on all hands. Suppose the sequence has started as above. The doubler might have: N WE S ♠ 9 6 ♥ K J 8 6 ♦ A Q 7 5 ♣ K 9 5 With a minimum take-out double, he would bid 3♣ and be happy to play in a part score if partner had a weak hand. If, on the other hand, he had: N WE S ♠ A 4 ♥ K J 8 6 ♦ A Q 7 5 ♣ K Q 9 He would be worried about missing a game. He might overcall 2NT over the opening 2♠ bid with this hand, but with only one stop and being playable in the other three suits, he might prefer to double. After a double and a 2NT response, his rebid should be 3♦ showing a diamond suit and a strong hand (usually 18+). East could, of course, be even stronger. Suppose he had: N WE S ♠ Q 7 ♥ A J 9 5 ♦ A K Q 6 2 ♣ A Q He would double the 2♠ opening and after a 2NT response would be too strong to bid 3♦ so would cue bid the opponents’ suit. The auction would go: West North East South 2♠DblPass 2NT Pass 3♠Pass ? Page 9 Mr Bridge 2017 BRIDGE EVENTS Now you are expected to bid 3NT, with some help in spades and a few points, and your lowest four card suit if you have nothing, so with: Trouville Hotel ♠ A 9 6 ♥ 7 4 ♦ J 4 3 ♣ J 7 6 5 4 N WE S You would bid 3NT over 3♠. If on the other hand you held: Sandown, Isle of Wight 23-27 February £399 Slam Bidding hosted by Bernard Magee Inn on the Prom St Anne’s on Sea FY8 1LU 7-9 March £245 Seminar Weekend Hosted by Bernard Magee 7-9 July £189 Just Duplicate1 Hosted by Patrick Dunham 28-30 July £199 Game Tries Hosted by Gwen Beattie Full Board No Single Supplement2 ( 01483 489961 See www.mrbridge.co.uk for any new dates Please note there are no seminars, set hands or prizes at these events. 1 2 subject to availability Page 10 ♠ 10 9 6 ♥ 7 4 ♦ J 4 3 ♣ J 7 6 5 4 N WE S N WE S ♠ 7 5 ♥ K 7 5 ♦ A Q 7 5 3 ♣ A J 6 Here you will bid 3NT. You don’t have four hearts but you know partner has a spade stop, so you hope that will be enough. 5♦ might be better but you can’t find out and that is, of course, why opponents pre-empt against you. If you have game values but neither a four-card major nor a stop you can bid as follows: West 2NT 3NT North East South 2♠DblPass Pass 3♣Pass You would bid 4♣ and cross your fingers. Is all this perfect? Certainly not. You can have hands which don’t work very well for these methods. The point is that if you and your partner are prepared to do the work to learn the methods, then more hands will work for you than with standard methods. When playing Lebensohl after a 1NT opening, you could also cater for hands where partner had four cards in the other major with or without a stop and the values for game. You can do the same after a weak two. Suppose you have the following hand after the auction has started: This shows a hand with game values, no stop and without four hearts. A typical hand might be: West ? Two other common positions which occur and you ought to have some agreement about, even if it is only, ‘We do not play it here,’ are: ♠ K 9 6 ♥ A Q 9 6 ♦ K 9 4 2 ♣ Q 4 North East South 2♠DblPass N WE S You have a game forcing hand and the likely games are 3NT or 4♥ so you want to keep both in the picture. You can bid 3♠ with this hand. It shows both a four-card heart suit and also a stop in spades so partner can choose. He could, of course, have an awkward hand such as: ♠ 8 5 2 ♥ A 9 ♦ K J 7 6 ♣ A Q 6 5 N WE S You may not get to a making game but you will give yourself the best chance of doing so. Other Lebensohl Positions l after your side have overcalled 1NT lafter the opponents have opened a multi West ? North East South 1♥1NT 2♥ Imagine an auction above. The rules here are very much the same as if partner had opened 1NT. If you bid at the three level, then that is natural and shows some values. If your 1NT overcall is 15-18, then a free bid at the BRIDGE December 2016 three level should show about 6-8. You might have: ♠ K 6 4 ♥ 4 2 ♦ K J 7 5 2 ♣ 10 9 5 N WE S You can bid 3♦. If your hand had five or six diamonds and fewer points, you could bid 2NT first to show a weaker hand. All the same rules about showing stops and four cards in the other major continue to apply. A hand for bidding 3♦ via 2NT might be: ♠ 6 4 2 ♥ 4 2 ♦ K Q 7 5 2 ♣ 10 9 5 ♠ 7 5 ♥ J 9 5 ♦ K J 6 5 4 3 ♣ 8 3 ♠ 7 5 ♥ A Q 7 5 3 ♦ Q J 6 ♣ 10 9 5 N WE S N WE The auction might go: S If you were much weaker than this you would just pass. If your opponents open a multi then you bid as if they have opened a weak two. Suppose you hold: You are able to show your decent diamond suit when playing Lebensohl because you also know you are not promising the earth when you do so. You have shown a few values, because with absolutely nothing you just pass. You have also caused your opponents to be uncertain as to which major the opener has. When players make pass or correct bids such as the 2♥ bid above, then you should treat it as artificial so that if you held: N WE S The auction might go: West North East South 2♦1Dbl22♥3 2NT Pass 3♣Pass 1 Multi 3♦ All Pass 2 3 About 13-16 fairly balanced Pass or bid 2♠ West North East South 2♦1Dbl22♥3 3♥4Pass4♥ All Pass 1 Multi 2 About 13-16 fairly balanced 3 Pass or bid 2♠ 4 Natural and about 8-11 near Uxbridge, Bucks, UB9 5DG. 13-16 Jan 2017 £399pp Friday – Monday £369pp Friday – Sunday Full Board No Single Supplement1 Limited places for Thursday night available. £65pp single, £45pp double/twin. Topics A bid of either major is natural. Very More Signalling occasionally, you might hit their sixcard major, but so infrequently it is 4-4-4-1 Hands better to bid naturally. Drawing Trumps Incidentally, as an aside to the main purpose of this article, knowing Five-card Majors when you can bid your major after a multi sequence reduces the conFundamentals of fusion it can cause by a good 30%. Defence If you do have a game forcing hand Supporting Minors and nowhere clear to go you can double 2♥ on the auction above. This just shows values and not necessarily hearts. ■ Summary l If you choose to play 2NT as Lebensohl in situations other than after a 1NT opening, be careful to define what they are. l Playing Lebensohl after the opponents open a weak two and partner doubles is quite common, but you need to allow for the doubler to have a very good hand. If he has, he is not compelled to bid 3♣, but may bid a suit of his own (good hand) or cue bid the opponents’ suit (very good hand). l When defending against a multi, whether you play Lebensohl or not, then know which bids of a major are natural. BRIDGE December 2016 BERNARD MAGEE at Denham Grove 6 seminar sessions with Bernard2 6 sessions of supervised play3 Contact Mr Bridge to book your place or for further details: ( 01483 489961 Subject to availability 2Filmed 3 Not with Bernard Magee 1 Page 11 David Stevenson Answers Your Questions on Laws and Ethics Take-Out Double of 1NT Q My partner opened 1NT (1214 points) and my RHO doubled. I asked his partner, ‘Is it penalty?’ and he replied, ‘No, it’s a take-out double.’ He should have alerted it, but he didn’t, therefore I passed and then he changed his mind and he passed. I called the director and his reply was that he can change his mind. I was under the impression that he is not allowed to change his mind and that he should be penalised. Niranjan Doshi, Harrow, Middx. A Doubles of notrumps are different from the general rules over alerting: they are penalties without an alert. Since you asked, it does not matter whether it was alerted. Any take-out double may be passed, and perhaps a take-out double of 1NT is more likely to be passed than other take-out doubles. So if he plays it as takeout, but decided to pass it because of his hand, that is perfectly legal. It is quite Page 12 dangerous to pass if you have an unbalanced hand and partner’s 1NT is doubled for take-out: you should probably bid anyway. However, if he did change his mind and decided it was for penalties before he passed, he should have told you. The director should have allowed you to take your pass back. If he did not do so and it was a penalty double, then the director might adjust the score. ♣♦♥♠ Q The following occurred at our weekly duplicate evening. Our opponents’ convention cards had 1♦ as 11-19 HCP. Dealer (RHO) opened 1♦ with a flat hand and only five points, just the king and queen in the fourcard suit. After I passed, with another flat hand and eight points, his partner also passed. His hand was also flat but had seven points all in the other three suits. Surely he should have responded 1NT in this situation and had no good reason whatsoever for not doing so. My partner with 20 points, doubled (also a flat hand). Dealer passed and we finished in 4♠ in a seven-card fit. We made the contract, but got a bottom, as the other pairs played in 3NT making +1 and +2. This was due to our opponents’ bidding preventing my partner from opening the bidding with 2NT. Is the dealer’s opening bid OK and is his partner’s pass in this situation somewhat questionable? Finally should we have asked for the director’s ruling? Ray Andrews by email. A Certainly, you should ask for a director’s ruling. It does not matter whether you know the rules or not, if something happens that you are suspicious about, then you report it to the director and if he says that it is legal and acceptable, then you accept that and you have lost nothing. In this case, as director, I would have asked dealer why he bid 1♦. I would have asked responder why he did not respond. What I would have done next depends on the answers. For example, dealer may have psyched, deliberately opened on a very weak hand so as to try to stop you getting to your best spot. That is perfectly legal, and seems to have worked. On the other hand, if this is a normal opening bid for them, then it is an illegal agreement, the board gets cancelled and you get average plus. The failure to respond is quite surprising. Of course, players do some very strange things and I have certainly known people pass on this sort of hand, saying something silly to partner such as, ‘I did not have a biddable suit.’ That is why the director should ask him why he passed. However, if it was a psyche, then the pass looks like fielding, in which case, the director would cancel the board, give you average plus and penalise them as well. ♣♦♥♠ Q South is poised to open the bidding when West BRIDGE December 2016 starts to bid out of turn by tabling a stop card. South says it is his bid, but what is the ruling? West has obviously not made a bid, but has given unauthorised information. Alastair Love, Monkton, Combe, Bath. A Exactly: the call has not been made, so the stop card goes back in the box, and it is unauthorised information to partner, though authorised to the opponents. Partner is required to avoid gaining in any way from the sight of the stop card. If it is felt that he has taken any action that could benefit from it, the director might adjust the score afterwards. ♣♦♥♠ Q Playing in my local club with an occasional partner, I held: ♠ 7 6 3 N ♥ A 10 9 WE S ♦ A 5 ♣ A K 10 9 7 WestNorth East South 1♠Pass 2♣Pass3♠Pass 4NT Pass 5♦1 1 Partner started to bid 5♥, then altered it to 5♦. We hadn’t discussed what form of Blackwood we were using. It seemed to me that she had shown the key card response, then corrected it to standard. Uncertain what to do, I bid 5♠, trying to avoid any suggestion of being influenced by the ‘nearly’ 5♥ bid. What BRIDGE December 2016 is the legal position? Angela Gilbert, Cardiff. A Clearly the director must be called. If partner attempted to bid 5♥ and changed it, I think we may safely assume that the call had come out of the bidding box. In which case the 5♥ call has been made, and the director will decide between two possibilities. Your partner may have meant to bid 5♦ all along and accidentally pulled the wrong card out: if the director decides this is what happened, then he will allow the change to 5♦ and it is as though the 5♥ bid never existed. Your partner may have meant to bid 5♥ originally and changed her mind, possibly realising that you had not agreed on a form of Blackwood. Assuming the opponents do not condone the change (they do have that right), the 5♥ bid stands, and the attempt to change to 5♦ is unauthorised information for you. You must do your best to take no advantage of the attempt to change the bid. Since from your hand, you know that 5♥ shows ♠A-K but denies the ♠Q, it may not matter, since any final contract except 6♠ (or possibly 6NT) seems unlikely. A Alerting (except for doubles) is based mainly on two simple rules. First, you alert artificial calls. Second you alert natural calls with a surprising meaning. So fourth suit forcing is alerted because it is artificial. The fact that it is part of basic Acol these days does not matter. On the other hand, standard trial bids are natural. Of course, they can be made on three card suits sometimes, but so long as they show three or more, they are natural. Since they are not a surprise, being the normal way to play such bids, they are not alertable. ♣♦♥♠ Q My partner wants to play a 2NT opening bid as 5-5 either in the majors or the minors. The Blue Book I read says we may only do this in the minors. Is this the current ruling? Tony Richards, Woking. A Owing to a change by the EBU Laws and Ethics Committee, which loosened the rules for 2NT openings, this is now permitted in events in England and Wales. ♣♦♥♠ Q Several trained directors are telling me that fourth suit forcing is alertable as it is a convention. I think I have read an article somewhere saying that FSF, as part of the basic Acol system, does not need to be alerted. Perhaps trial bids also fit into this category? Liz Bretherton, Birmingham. ♣♦♥♠ Q I am secretary of The Sidmouth Bridge Club and have received a complaint from two keen bridge playing members regarding the shuffling of the cards. This is usually done by members prior to the beginning of a session. It seems some are dealing three or four cards into a hand at a time, thus producing many six-card suits per deal. These members claim that this is illegal – and interferes with the probabilities. We do not belong to the EBU and set our own Constitution. Are they correct? How does this affect probability assessment? Surely it’s the same for everyone so still a fair competition. Is this just a moral issue? I would be grateful for your advice before I take any action to rectify this as the complainers want the shufflers to sign when they shuffle. Jean O’Donnell, Sidmouth. A Whether you are a member of the EBU or not, you are playing duplicate bridge and that means the rules must be followed. To deal in threes is illegal and you should stop the practice. The laws of bridge state that when dealing, consecutive cards may not go into the same hand. ♣♦♥♠ Q In the following hand, South opened 1♦ and West overcalled with 3NT. There is no conventional agreement between the E/W partnership. ♠ 7 2 N ♥ 4 3 WE S ♦A ♣ A K Q 9 8 6 5 4 Can you please tell me whether the 3NT bid is alertable? Dilip Mithani by email. Page 13 A If there is no agreement, then the call is not alertable. ♣♦♥♠ Q Soon after I began playing duplicate, I learned from a director that at the start of each session, he decided – based on the number of tables/boards – how much time would be allowed for the requisite number of hands being played. He compiled his timetable on a scrap of paper and based his timetable on a simple formula: five minutes per board + five minutes. A three-board format gives 20 minutes, a four-board format 25 minutes. At the end of that period, he called, ‘Move Please,’ and if dummy’s cards were not down, the table would be told that they could not play that hand and would take an average. Many years later, when I began directing, I followed the same practice. Recently, when play seemed unusually slow at one or two tables, I asked the director how long he allowed and he said it was standard practice now to allow 21 or 22 minutes for three boards. What do you think? Ted Gibbins, Alsager. A I suppose the most common view is 22 minutes for three boards, but in a club it really depends on what players are used to. A senior director has recommended seven minutes a board plus one minute: my own view is that seven minutes per board plus two minutes is closer. Page 14 The method taught to you by the director all those years ago is illegal. Once the bidding has started, the board may not be stopped. It is not just illegal but unnecessary: if you move the room and some tables are behind they usually catch up. You should not allow a board to be played at all if they have not started the bidding when you move them. Even then ‘taking an average’ is not acceptable: normal is average minus unless only one pair is at fault, in which case the non-offending side get average plus. ♣♦♥♠ Q East was declarer and on lead. After some thought, he selected a card from his hand and lowered it to the table. It didn’t touch the table but both opponents saw the card (♦7). He then returned the card to his hand and played the ♠5. North and South protested and then called the director. East said that he had changed his mind and decided that he didn’t want to play the ♦7 after all. The director ruled that because the ♦7 was seen by North and South, he couldn’t retract it. What would you have ruled? What about his change of mind? And what becomes of the ♠5? David Bowers by email. A A card is not played by declarer until he puts it on the table and leaves it there, or holds it stationary just above the table. So if he takes it out of his hand, takes it down towards the table and takes it back immediately then it has not been played and can be changed. Whether it actually touches the table, and whether it is seen by either or both defenders is irrelevant. ♣♦♥♠ Q In BRIDGE 164 you ask for comments about Russian Scoring. I have used this method or a similar scoring table – so called Russian method. I agree it is a bit of a bother to compare and IMP after each hand, so I tend to do this after a round of Chicago – ie after four deals. This can be quite an interesting exercise just as when your teammates return to the home table. I am not entirely happy with the actual scores listed. For example, a 3NT contract is generally possible with 25-26 high card points and, if made exactly, would score at normal duplicate either 400 or 600 depending on vulnerability. The Russian scoring gives considerably lower scores. This is an obvious fault and begs the question as to how these scores were formulated. Tony Cordery by email. A I believe they were based on a lot of deals in major events. With 25-26 high card points, I would certainly expect to play in 3NT but I would not expect to make it that often. At teams, you are expected to reach 45% games not vulnerable, and 36% games vulnerable, so when you bid 3NT on 25 points you would expect to go off at least half the time. ♣♦♥♠ Q Sitting East, as declarer, I named the card to be played from dummy. My partner said, ‘You are in hand.’ South said he accepted the lead from dummy. I said I would lead from my hand, but South said it was his prerogative to choose which hand I led from. I complied with his request. However, on checking Law 55 B2, it seems I should have led from the correct hand. What is the ruling in such a case? I also see from Law 43 that dummy should not have told me I had played from the wrong hand. I know we should have called the director, but the South player has experience as a director and I accepted his statement. Elaine Slinn, Easter Kinkell, Dingwall. A It is true that dummy has no rights to tell you when you have led from the wrong hand, even though dummies often do. He is allowed to warn you not to before you do so, but once you have done so he should stay quiet. Any lead out of turn may be accepted by the opponents and this is often done without the director. So South was right that he could either accept or refuse the lead. Law 55A says the defenders may accept the wrong lead, Law 55B deals with refusing the ■ wrong lead. E-mail your questions (including your postal address) on bridge laws to: [email protected] BRIDGE December 2016 DEFENCE QUIZ by Julian Pottage (Answers on page 27) Y ou are East in the defensive positions below playing matchpoint pairs with North-South vulnerable. Both sides are using Acol with a 12-14 1NT and 2♣ Stayman. 1. ♠ 10 5 2 ♥ A K 6 ♦ A K 8 6 ♣ K 9 4 ♠ N ♥ WE ♦ S ♣ A93 10 8 7 4 J95 AQ8 3. ♠ A 3 ♥ Q J 9 6 ♦ A Q J ♣ A 9 7 4 ♠ N ♥ WE ♦ S ♣ Q 10 42 953 K Q 10 6 5 3 WestNorth East South 2♠1 Pass 4♠ All Pass 1 6-10 with six spades WestNorth East South 1♠ Dbl 1NTPass 2♠ DblPass 3♥ All Pass Partner leads the ♣7. You win with the ♣Q. What is your plan? Partner leads the ♣2: ♣4, ♣Q and ♣8. What do you return and why? BERNARD MAGEE’S INTERACTIVE TUTORIAL CDS ADVANCED DECLARER PLAY l Making Overtricks in No-trumps l Making Overtricks in Suit Contracts lEndplays lAvoidance lWrong £81 Contract lSimple Squeezes lCounting the Hand l Trump Reductions & Coups l Playing Doubled Contracts l Safety Plays ADVANCED ACOL BIDDING l Basics 2. ♠ A 10 9 ♥ Q 6 ♦ K J 6 ♣ Q 10 6 5 3 ♠ N ♥ WE ♦ S ♣ Q64 KJ953 854 K7 WestNorth East South Pass1♠ Pass 2♣2♥3♣ 3♥4♠ All Pass Partner leads the ♥A. What is your plan? 4. ♠ A K J 10 7 3 ♥ A K J 6 ♦ 8 5 ♣10 ♠ 5 4 N ♥8 WE ♦ K J 10 3 2 S ♣ J 9 8 7 5 WestNorth East South 1NT Dbl Rdbl12♥ Pass 4♥4NT2Pass 5♣5♥ All Pass 1 An unspecified 5+-card suit 2 Both minors Partner leads the ♣K (from A-K or K-Q at the five level or higher). What do you play on this trick and if partner switches to the ♦A? lAdvanced Basics l Weak Twos l Strong Hands lDefence to Weak Twos l Defence to 1NT lDoubles lTwo-suited £96 Overcalls l Defences to Other Systems l Misfits and Distributional Hands FIVE-CARD MAJORS & Strong No-Trump Opening Bids & Responses l No-Trump Openings l Support £89 for Partner l Slams £66 & Strong Openings l Rebids l Minors & Misfits l Pre-empting l Doubles l Overcalls l Competitive Auctions l ALSO l Acol Bidding (see p45) lDeclarer Play (see p47) l Defence (see p49) ( 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk/mrbridge-shop System: MAC OSX (Intel chip), Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8 or 10, CD ROM BRIDGE December 2016 Page 15 Seven Days by Sally Brock Monday I get up early – I have somehow got into bad habits and have so much going on that early is better. I do my exercise regime – I really need the actual exercises, I think, maybe more than the cardiovascular stuff. I feel so creaky these days – it’s so hard to put my socks on, or put nail varnish on my toes. Then I get on with work, but the first day home is mostly dealing with emails etc, so apart from clearing the decks I don’t achieve much. Later on I drive into London to play at the Young Chelsea. I’m sure I must have mentioned in these pages that I am now in charge of the English U26 women. I started out intending to have squad weekends like the other squads (as well as mine, there are age group squads for both sexes: U26, U21 and U16), but that didn’t seem to work so well so I have come up with several different initiatives, and one of them is that on the first Monday of the month, any squad members who can make it to the Young Chelsea will be able to play with a top class female player. This is the first of those, and although there is only a small take-up, it seems to go well and everyone likes the idea. I play with Laura, and Margaret plays with 11-year-old Jasmine. Margaret and I are both impressed with the level of play of our partners. We go through the card in the bar afterwards and as usual it is surprising how much comes up in one evening. I can have a drink or two as I am staying over at Barry’s. Tuesday When I have driven to Barry’s and stay over, I need to get up to feed the meter at 9 o’clock. So on a normal day that means I might as well leave then to drive home. I am expecting a visit Page 16 from my computer whizz, Lee. Every now and then he comes to update both my computers and keep me more or less up to date – that’s as well as being on hand if any crisis strikes. We have known each other for 15 years or so, and it’s good to catch up. I get some work done and later on Briony and I go out for dinner to The Giggling Squid, a small Thai franchise that has opened up in Berkhamsted. We were attracted by the name, which I didn’t really feel it quite lived up to. Later on, we enjoy a movie together and get an early night. option, which makes it easy for us to pass it from time to time. I have passed it previously on hands where I knew we had no major-suit fit but I talked about it with my Canadian friends in Poland and they told me of a hand where one of them passed it with K-Qx-x-x-x in spades and they played in 2♦ going seven down when they had a 6-6 spade fit. But the opponents were cold for slam. Accordingly, when Barry opens 2♦ at love all and the next hand passes, I pass too, holding: Wednesday I’m being good this week at getting up early and doing my exercise regime. I’m not sure it is doing my aches and pains any good – but I guess it will take time. Briony and I both have dates in London today and get the same train in. She has a meeting, and I am playing with Allie at the Acol. We have switched to a strong no-trump, fivecard major system so there are a few inevitable bidding misunderstandings, but generally things go our way and we score over 68% to head the 50-pair field. Afterwards we go through the boards, and then I get the train home. Thursday I do some work for a while and then go with Briony for a swim. Apparently, in Chesham there is the only ‘eco-pool’ in the country. It is a heated outdoor pool, open all the year around, with no chlorine. Certainly it is lovely – surrounded by plants and flowers. I plod up and down eight lengths in the same time it takes Briony to do 18. Later she goes off to work while I have an online session with Richard and Gerry. This board was fun. We play that a Multi 2♦ opening has no strong ♠ K J 9 7 5 4 2 ♥ J 7 6 ♦2 ♣ 5 3 That leaves fourth hand a bit stuck as he holds: ♠Void ♥ 5 3 2 ♦ A K Q J 9 6 ♣ A Q J 6 After much thought he settles for a pass. Barry has no aces and only four small cards in the minors. He makes no tricks at all but the opponents are cold for a grand slam in either minor or no-trumps. However, the standard of the BBO game is not that high and we only gain 3 IMPs. In the evening I get the train into London to stay at Barry’s in preparation for our quarter-final Gold Cup match tomorrow. Friday We roll up at the Young Chelsea for our 11am start. Our opposition are Simon Cope, Peter Crouch, Joe FawBRIDGE December 2016 cett, Nicola Smith and Roman Smolski. Roman is a friend from a long time back. About 25 years ago, he got married and moved to Bermuda. A year or so ago his wife died and he is back on the scene – one of my favourite people, it was a real pleasure to see him again. The match starts well. We gain on the first three sets and are 34 up when we break for a buffet lunch. This is one of our gains: Dealer West. Game All. ♠ J 10 6 3 ♥ 7 6 ♦ K 8 6 ♣ A J 10 8 ♠ A K 9 8 5 ♠ 7 2 ♥2 ♥K N ♦ 10 4 WE ♦ Q J 9 7 S 5 3 2 ♣ Q 9 7 4 3 ♣ K 5 2 ♠ Q 4 ♥ A Q J 10 9 8 5 4 3 ♦A ♣6 At the other table, West opens 2♠, showing 5-5 in spades and a minor. That goes round to South who bids 4♥, making 11 tricks. At our table, West and North both pass, and East decides to be a bit imaginative and opens a strong no-trump. I overcall 4♥ and West bids 4♠. Barry doubles and East removes to 5♦. I bid 5♥ and West’s double ends the auction. West unwisely starts with a diamond and now it is a simple matter to make an overtrick for +1050 and a 9 IMP swing. I don’t know what they put in the food, but it did us no good. We lose most of our lead over the next couple of sets and with one set to go we are just 5 IMPs up. This set is mostly flat with the odd IMP here and there, BRIDGE December 2016 but we miss a non-vulnerable game for a 6 IMP swing out. Luckily, the three single IMP swings are in our direction, though, so after some nervous scoring we win by 2 IMPs. We go to Barry’s local Indian for a curry and the post-match hand analysis. Then it’s all eyes on tomorrow and our semi-final match against the Allfrey team. Saturday The first set couldn’t have gone better – we are 35 IMPs up at the end of it. For the rest of the match, we more or less manage to hold on to our lead – up a few, down a few – so that we are still 30 up with one set to go. Our card is so-so for the first seven boards. It is possible we’ve lost some ground but nothing terrible. This is the final deal: Dealer West. N/S Game. ♠ A 9 7 3 ♥ A K 8 ♦ A K 9 7 6 ♣J ♠4 ♠ 8 6 5 2 N ♥ 10 9 5 ♥ Q 7 6 3 2 WE ♦ J 8 5 4 S ♦ 10 2 ♣ Q 9 7 5 4 ♣ 10 3 ♠ K Q J 10 ♥ J 4 ♦ Q 3 ♣ A K 8 6 2 WestNorth East South Pass 1♦1♥2♣ 2♥Dbl3♥5♠ Pass 6♥Pass7♠ All Pass I guess we are lucky they didn’t psych entirely. I (South) don’t know what to do after Barry’s double. I have such a good hand. 3♠ by me would be forcing, I think, but (a) I don’t want to risk it, and (b) I feel that it doesn’t really get my hand across. My spades are so good I don’t mind if it is a 4-3 fit, so I think I will try to suggest a slam-going hand with no heart control. Barry is now interested in a grand slam and so cue bids his first-round heart control. I think I have enough to accept, but it is a bit nerveracking, thinking that the match could depend on this decision (though in fact it didn’t). There is nothing to the play. I win the heart lead, club to the ace, ruff a club high, back to a trump, ruff a club with the ♠9, back to hand with a trump, draw trumps and claim – for a flat board. We lose 8 IMPs on the set to win by 22. After a drink in the Young Chelsea bar, we go home, exhausted (it’s hard playing 64 boards a day), via the Japanese takeaway. All to play for tomorrow. Sunday It is not to be. We start badly, and then get worse, and worser. We stage a mini rally in the set after lunch, but that still leaves us 50 down. In the seventh set we decide to swing it a bit and see what happens, but we just lose more and concede before our deficit reaches three figures. Still it was a lot to ask for from a team of four (we have added another pair for next year), and generally we are pleased to have reached the final (for the second year running in our case). After the bridge we are invited back to the home of our opposing captain, Simon Gillis, for a drink – or in my case, rather too many drinks! ■ Norway Winter Sails from Southampton 20th January 2017 15 nights • Balmoral • L1702 Southampton • Alesund, Norway • Harstead, Norway • Alta, Finnmark, Norway (overnight) • Tromso, Norway (overnight) • Molde, Norway • Bergen, Norway • Southampton Daily bridge on board, bridge fees included. Mr Bridge welcome & farewell drinks parties. Partners for single players. Reduced single supplements on selected twin grades of cabin. Great value Mr Bridge fares from: Inside twin rooms Outside twin rooms Balcony rooms Suites Singles £1,259pp £1,439pp £2,159pp £2,339pp £2,261pp Balmoral For reservations call Mr Bridge on 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk Terms and conditions apply – see Fred. Olsen 2016/17 worldwide brochure. Page 17 Exceptional value scenic cruising SAVE up to 30% PLUS Buy One Get One Half Price By adding a little more contemporary chic to the traditional experience, retaining the important smaller ship benefits which we know are still very the impressive Magellan is bringing a new dimension to cruising with popular in the British cruise market. Cruise & Maritime Voyages. At 46,052grt Magellan is still a small to midsized cruise liner by today’s standards and carries about 1,250 passengers compared to the mega liners which occupy upwards of 6,000 passengers. She is an elegant and spacious ship offering a wide choice of lounges and facilities including a purpose built bridge room. The CMV emphasis is very much on offering exceptional value and Medieval Cities & River Seine Experience Iceland's Land of Ice & Fire Sunday 28th May 2017 5 nights aboard Magellan Thursday 15th June 2017 12 nights aboard Magellan London Tilbury - Antwerp (Belgium) - Rouen (France) Cruising River Seine - Le Havre (France) - Newport. Includes coach from Newport to Tilbury Twin Inner from Full Fare £659 1st Adult £459 2nd Adult £229 Ocean View from Full Fare £899 1st Adult £629 Liverpool - Lerwick (Shetland Islands) - Tórshavn (Faroe Islands) Seyðisfjörður (Iceland) - Akureyri (Iceland) - Ísafjörður (Iceland) - Reykjavík (Iceland) Dublin - Liverpool. (Also departs from Dublin). 2nd Adult £314 Full Fare £1239 Twin Inner from Full Fare £1739 1st Adult £1289 2nd Adult £644 Ocean View from Full Fare £2409 European Cities & Fairytales Land of the Northern Lights Sunday 1st October 2017 9 nights aboard Magellan Tuesday 10th October 2017 14 nights aboard Magellan London Tilbury - Amsterdam (Netherlands) Hamburg (Germany, overnight) - Copenhagen (Denmark, overnight) Aalborg (Denmark) - London Tilbury. Twin Inner from Benefits of travelling with Mr Bridge • Mr Bridge host and team members on board • Evening bridge every day • Bridge on afternoons when the ship is at sea • Any passengers travelling as a single will be found a bridge partner • Welcome drinks party 1st Adult £919 2nd Adult £459 Ocean View from Full Fare £1719 1st Adult £1279 1st Adult £1789 2nd Adult £894 London Tilbury - Rotterdam (Netherlands) - Olden - Kristiansund (Norway) Alta - Honninsvåg (Norway) - Tromsø (Norway) - Trondheim (Norway) Åndalsnes (Norway) - Bergen - London Tilbury. 2nd Adult £639 Twin Inner from Full Fare £1919 1st Adult £1429 2nd Adult £714 Ocean View from Full Fare £2659 1st Adult £1979 2nd Adult £989 For more information and bookings call on: 01483 489 961 or visit: www.mrbridge.co.uk Terms & Conditions apply. Subject to availability and may be withdrawn without notice. Prices are from and per person based on two adults sharing a twin cabin on a ‘guarantee’ basis with cabin numbers allocated at ticketing stage. Excludes tours and gratuities (at £5pp per night). Viewing of the Northern Lights subject to weather and atmospheric conditions *Technical call. Land by launch or tender. Operated by South Quay Travel & Leisure Ltd trading as Cruise & Maritime Voyages. Some ports may be at anchor. ABTA V9945. 3076 More Tips from Bernard Magee Note the suits that need leading from a particular hand As declarer, when dummy comes down, you should assess which suits might need to be led from a particular hand, thus requiring an entry or more to be used. Making a plan to use your entries at the right time is important. 4♠ by W. Lead: ♣K. ♠ K Q J 10 8 7 ♠ A 6 ♥ K Q 3 N ♥ 8 7 5 ♦ A 4 WE ♦ 9 8 7 5 2 S ♣ 8 7 ♣ A 3 2 You have eight top tricks so need two more extra tricks. Looking at dummy will tell you that trumps and both minor suits can be led from either hand, but hearts require a little more care. You would like to try to make two tricks from your hearts, but to do this you need two things – you require South to hold the ♥A, but you also need to lead hearts twice from the East hand. To lead hearts twice from dummy, you need two entries, which you do have, but they will be used early on. Win the ♣A and lead a heart to your king, which wins. Play ♠K and ♠A and then lead a second heart. If South has the ♥A you will have made sure of two heart tricks to make your game. There is a slight risk of an adverse ruff, but having made a plan, you needed the two entries so had to take the risk. Here is another example (hand in the next column). You have nine top tricks, so making your contract will be easy, but you are after as many overtricks as possible. BRIDGE December 2016 3NT by W. Lead: ♣Q. ♠ A Q 4 ♠ 8 7 N ♥ A Q J 2WE ♥ 8 7 3 ♦ K J 3 S ♦ A Q 10 9 2 ♣ A K 3 ♣ 9 4 2 Looking at the two hands together, you can see that both hearts and spades need leading from dummy; assuming the heart finesse works, the suit will need to be led twice and adding another lead for the spades means you need three entries to maximise your chances. The strength of your diamonds should allow you to make the most of all your high cards. You win the ♣A and play a small diamond to the ♦9. Next comes your first finesse, a heart to the jack, then back to dummy, overtaking the ♦J with the ♦Q. Another heart finesse wins and then the ♦K is overtaken with the ace. Two more diamonds are cashed throwing a small club and a small spade. Finally you take a spade finesse and when that wins too, you cash your three remaining winners, with your last chance being a 3-3 heart break. If it all works out, you could end with 13 tricks, but only if you used your entries very carefully. It can be tempting to play one suit at a time, because of the difficulty involved in combining tactics. However, you will often need to time your plays carefully. Looking at your two hands together and trying to work out which suits need leading from where, will allow you to create a plan and make the most of all your high cards.■ DECLARER PLAY QUIZ by David Huggett (Answers on page 21) Y ou are South as declarer playing teams or rubber bridge. In each case, what is your play strategy? 1. ♠ 7 6 5 ♥ Q J 2 ♦ A J 8 6 2 ♣ K 3 3. N N WE WE S S ♠ K 4 2 ♥ A K 6 ♦ K 5 ♣ A Q 10 8 2 You are declarer in 3NT and West leads the ♥10. How do you plan the play? 2. ♠ K 10 7 5 ♥ A 6 ♦ K Q 7 ♣ 10 9 6 3 4. N You are declarer in 6♠ and West leads the ♥K. How do you plan the play? ♠ 10 9 7 6 ♥ A 6 4 ♦ K Q ♣ A 7 6 4 N WE S ♠ A Q J 9 3 ♥ J 4 ♦ A 8 3 ♣ A K J ♠ A K 7 2 ♥ A 10 7 6 3 ♦ 7 5 ♣ K Q You are declarer in an optimistic 6♥ and West leads the ♦K. How do you plan the play? WE ♠ 6 5 ♥ K 8 5 ♦ A J 2 ♣ A 10 7 6 4 S ♠ K Q J 3 ♥ 9 5 2 ♦ A 6 5 ♣ K 9 2 You are declarer in 4♠ and West leads the ♥Q. How do you plan the play? Page 19 Sally Brock Looks at Your Slam Bidding CROATIA 2-16 May 2017 Sally’s Slam Clinic Bernard Magee From £1,425 sharing HOTEL EDEN ROVINJ Where did we go wrong? This month’s first deal was sent in by Katherine Bradnock: Rovinj is situated on the western coast of Istria in Croatia, the largest peninsula on the Adriatic coastline, a one hour drive from Trieste, 2.5 hours from Zagreb. Boasting a rich, natural and cultural heritage, with beautiful landmarks such as the old town, the Golden Cape Park Forest, protected islands and coastal area. The climate is warm and semi-dry, with more than four months a year without wind. Hotel Eden is wedged right between a peninsula covered by a one hundred year old park forest and a quiet cove. The old city centre of Rovinj is just a 20 minute walk away. Rooms: All rooms are equipped with a direct phone line, LCD SAT TV, mini-bar, safe, bathtub or shower, toilet, hair dryer, balcony, air conditioning/heating. Suites are available, details on application. Singles: There is a sole occupancy supplement of £11 per room per night. If you are a single bridge player, please do not worry about being on your own. We will always be able to find you a partner and you can always have a game. Beaches & Pools: The playful curves of the pool offer refreshment in the summer with a salty breeze coming from the natural stone and pebble beach only a few steps away. The vast outdoor pool will cool you down after a day of lounging in the freely available deck chairs. Terms and conditions apply. These holidays have been organised for Mr Bridge by Great Little Escapes LLP, ATOL 5933 Details of the bridge programme ( 01483 489961 ♠ A Q 10 8 7 6 ♥ J 6N WE ♦ A J 10 S ♣ J 5 ♠J ♥ A Q ♦ K 8 ♣ A K 10 8 6 4 3 2 West North East South 1♠ Pass3♣Pass 3♠ Pass4♣Pass 5♣ All Pass When East forces with 3♣ and then rebids the suit it should set trumps – often a solid suit, but a strong eighttimer, as here, is OK too. I have found that one area where club players are often on shaky ground is cue bidding. Here, with nothing to be ashamed of and facing an unlimited hand, West should have tried a 4♦ cue bid over 4♣. Then East would bid 4♥ and West 4♠. If East were feeling really enterprising now, he/she could even take a pot at a grand slam – expecting a doubleton club opposite, or maybe a singleton honour, and hoping West had a little extra. However, maybe settling for the small slam is enough – in no-trumps perhaps, because of the matchpoint scoring. Slam of the Month The ‘Slam of the Month’ was sent in by Richard Small. ♠A ♥ A K Q 10 N ♦ A 8 4 3 WE S ♣ A 10 8 2 West North 2NT* Pass 4NT Pass 6♦ All Pass ♠ K Q 9 7 3 ♥ 6 4 ♦ K J 10 9 6 ♣4 East South 2♠Pass 3♦Pass 5♦Pass It may seem that this was made easier because East/West were using Lucas Twos, whereby an opening bid of two of a major shows five cards in the major opened along with a four-card or longer minor, with 5–9 points, or so. Here, West could bid 2NT to enquire for the minor and then use RKCB to ask about the trump king. The slam made even though trumps broke 4-0. This was an excellent board as most pairs languished in 3NT. Without using this convention, East has to choose between pass (likely) and 1♠. I guess if he opens 1♠, West would start with 2♣ and East rebids 2♦. Now West will get very excited and drive to slam (probably discovering that the ♦Q is missing after RKCB). Assuming East starts with a pass, West has a tricky choice of opening bid. I would vote for 2NT as all alternatives seem worse. Then East would transfer into spades (West obeying, as to bid anything else would show a good spade fit), and then bid a natural 4♦. This should be at least a mild slam try, so again West should appreciate that he has an excellent hand and not let the bidding stop below slam. ■ Send your slam hands to [email protected] Page 20 BRIDGE December 2016 Answers to David Huggett’s Play Quiz on page 19 1. ♠ 7 6 5 ♥ Q J 2 ♦ A 9 8 6 2 ♣ K 3 ♠ A J 8 3 ♥ 10 9 8 5 4 N WE ♦ J 3 S ♣ 7 4 ♠ K 4 2 ♥ A K 6 ♦ K 5 ♣ A Q 10 8 2 ♠ Q 10 9 ♥ 7 3 ♦ Q 10 7 4 ♣ J 9 6 5 You are declarer in 3NT and West leads the ♥10. How do you plan the play? The duplication in the heart suit is tedious, but with eight tricks on top the ninth shouldn’t be too hard to find. However, you do have to be careful and think of the worst possible scenario. If you just play clubs from the top and find that you have to give East a trick before you have established your ninth, then a spade back through your king will lead to defeat if the hand is as shown. So play safe by playing the club king and then finessing the ten. You may lose an extra trick in the process but you will have guaranteed making the contract by guarding the king of spades. 2. ♠ K 10 7 5 ♥ A 6 ♦ K Q 7 ♣ 10 9 6 3 ♠ 8 2 ♥ K Q 10 9 3 N WE ♦ 10 6 5 S ♣ Q 8 2 ♠ A Q J 9 3 ♥ J 4 ♦ A 8 3 ♣ A K J ♠ 6 4 ♥ 8 7 5 2 ♦ J 9 4 2 ♣ 7 5 4 You are declarer in 6♠ and West leads the ♥K. How do you plan the play? BRIDGE December 2016 With a certain loser in hearts if the club finesse is wrong, it looks as though you are going to need the queen of clubs to be with East, when in fact you might even make an overtrick. But the odds are much better than evens in fact, because if you draw trumps and eliminate diamonds you can then exit with the jack of hearts. If West started with the king and queen of hearts, he will be forced to either lead a club up to your tenace or concede a ruff and discard. Only if East unkindly wins the heart exit will you need the club queen to be well placed. 3. ♠ 6 5 ♥ K 8 5 ♦ A J 2 ♣ A 10 7 6 4 ♠ 10 4 ♥ Q 2 N WE ♦ K Q 10 8 3 S ♣ 9 8 5 3 ♠ A K 7 2 ♥ A 10 7 6 3 ♦ 7 5 ♣ K Q ♠ Q J 9 8 3 ♥ J 9 4 ♦ 9 6 4 ♣ J 2 You are declarer in an optimistic 6♥ and West leads the ♦K. How do you plan the play? The contract isn’t a great one to be fair, but it does stand some chance. With an almost certain trump loser, you have to find a way of ridding yourself of your losing diamond and the two small spades, so it looks as though you will need some luck in the club suit as well as a 3-2 trump break. So cash the two top clubs in hand at tricks two and three and then play the two top trumps ending in dummy. As it happens, both defenders follow suit and the club jack appeared at trick three, so now all you have to do is play the ace of clubs and throw your losing diamond. Whether East ruffs or not makes no difference as you can continue to play club winners. (The jack of clubs appearing doubleton was a bonus, but a 3-3 break would have been just as useful, together with some other layouts.) 4. ♠ 10 9 7 6 ♥ A 6 4 ♦ K Q ♣ A 7 6 4 ♠ A 2 ♥ Q J 8 N WE ♦ 10 8 7 2 S ♣ Q 8 5 3 ♠ K Q J 3 ♥ 9 5 2 ♦ A 6 5 ♣ K 9 2 ♠ 8 5 4 ♥ K 10 7 3 ♦ J 9 4 3 ♣ J 10 You are declarer in 4♠ and West leads the ♥Q. How do you plan the play? One thing you cannot afford to do is to try to draw trumps immediately because the defenders will take the trump ace, two hearts and a club at the end, so you have to get rid of one of your losers early on. Win the heart ace, cash both diamonds in dummy and enter the closed hand with the king of clubs. Then you play the ace of diamonds throwing a heart from dummy and only now is it safe to tackle the trump suit. You can win whatever they return and will ultimately make four trump tricks, one heart, three diamonds ■ and two clubs. Mr Bridge Premium Quality Cards Standard Faces, with or without bar codes. Unboxed. 6 red/6 blue £19.95 30 red/30 blue only £65 Available from The London Bridge Centre. ( 020 7288 1305 www.bridgeshop.com Page 21 Bernard Magee DVD BERNARD MAGEE TUTORIAL DVDS Furth the A SET 1 1 Ruffing for Extra Tricks 2 Competitive Auctions 3 Making the Most of High Cards 4Identifying per DVD & Bidding Slams 5 Play & Defence of 1NT Contracts 6 Doubling & Defence against Doubled Contracts £25 SET 2 7Leads 8 Losing Trick Count 9 Making a Plan as Declarer 10 Responding to 1NT T his DVD aims to deal with the latter parts of uncontested auctions. After the first two bids, what comes next? I start by discussing the opening bidder’s plan: when you choose to open the bidding in a suit, you should have a plan for your second bid, because if your partner responds in a new suit, he expects you to make another bid. Making this plan can make quite a difference to your choice of opening bid. ♠ A J ♥ A J ♦ Q 10 6 3 ♣ J 8 7 5 4 N SET 3 13 Hand Evaluation 14 Pre-Emptive Bidding 15Splinter & Cue Bids 16Avoidance Play £105 set of 6 17 Play & Defence at Pairs 18 Thinking Defence Mr Bridge ( 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk/shop Page 22 ♠ A 2 ♥ A K 8 4 3 ♦ A Q 6 3 ♣ 6 4 N WE S WE S 11 Signals & Discards 12Endplay When you open in no-trumps, you do not have to plan a rebid because you have already described your hand. The DVD moves on to the various choices of rebid that the opener has: balanced hands, supporting hands, weak hands, strong hands. One important aspect is understanding the flexibility required with some medium to strong hands: Without a plan you would open this hand 1♣ and then when partner responds 1♥ you would need to pause for thought. Do you really want to rebid 2♣? Of course, you have little choice – a 2♦ rebid would show a strong type of hand – a reverse. Reverse bidding is a subject that the DVD deals with slightly later on. Instead of thinking ‘later’, you should do your thinking at the start: ‘plan your rebid’. Your hand is not balanced, but with two strong doubletons and a very poor five-card suit, I would prefer to lie slightly about the shape, rather than rebid in clubs. Your best choice of opening bid is 1NT: 12-14 and balanced. You open 1♥ and your partner responds 1♠, what do you rebid? You have 17 HCP and you would like to show your strength, but the natural way to do that would be to jump to 3♦ – this would be forcing to game and since your partner might have just 6 HCP, this cannot be right. Instead, you make a simple rebid of 2♦: this is not a forcing bid, but if your partner has any kind of fit he will often make another bid. The 2♦ rebid is not ideal, but it gives the partnership flexibility. Another option might be to rebid 1NT, but with such weak clubs this is not advisable. To make a jump rebid in a new suit at the three-level requires 19+ points, so that when partner has just six you still have a good chance for game. Your partner held the hand in the next column. He chooses to pass 2♦ and you make a comfortable partscore. BRIDGE December 2016 Ds – Number Twenty her into Auction BERNARD MAGEE TUTORIAL DVDS SET 4 19 Defensive Plan 20 Further Into the Auction N WE S ♠ Q 8 4 3 ♥ 7 6 ♦ K 8 7 4 ♣ J 3 2 The second half of the DVD deals with the responder’s rebid and the problems he faces. With two weak hands, your job is to find the best partscore, keeping the auction low. However, with more strength, there are more options available including the fourth suit forcing. Having a bid available to you to keep the auction going is very important: it helps the partnership make the final step to the right contract. Here is a classic auction: ♠ A 9 8 3 ♥ 7 6 ♦ A J 8 7 4 ♣ K 2 N WE S ♠ K Q ♥ A 9 8 5 2 ♦ K Q 3 ♣ 8 4 3 WestEast 1♦1♥ 1♠2♣* 2NT 3NT West opens 1♦, starting with his longest suit: he plans to rebid 1♠ if he can, although over a 2♣ response he would simply rebid 2♦. East responds with a natural 1♥, allowing the simple 1♠ rebid. Note that although spades are higher ranking than diamonds, 1♠ is not a reverse because the bidding BRIDGE December 2016 is still at the one-level: a reverse is a bid above the barrier (two-of-youropened-suit). East now has a problem: he has the strength for game, but which game is best: should it be 4♥, 5♦ or 3NT? Without employing guesswork, East needs his partner to give him one more piece of information about his hand, so he uses the fourth suit forcing. 2♣ (the fourth suit bid) is not used in a natural sense, so West alerts the bid: it shows nothing about clubs, it simply asks partner to make one more bid to describe his hand. One particular aspect that is desired is whether West has a club stopper – to allow no-trumps as an option. ♣K-x might not seem much of a stopper to you, but if West is playing the contract, then the lead will be coming up to him, so it is enough. Bearing this in mind, West bids 2NT and now East can raise to 3NT. 3NT is a great contract, with nine tricks off the top and, on a club lead, there is an overtrick. Note, that it needs to be played by West – had East gambled by bidding 3NT over 1♠, then a club lead might have spelt disaster. There is a lot of information in this DVD, covering the elements of decision making for both the opener and the responder. However, you have the chance to go over and over the subject matter and most of the ideas will come up on most hands you have the chance to bid. Therefore you will have a real opportunity to absorb many of the ideas and hopefully improve your constructive bidding. ■ 21 Weak Twos 22 Trump Control £25 23Sacrificing per DVD 24Improving Bridge Memory SET 5 25 Defence as Partner of the Leader 26 Aggressive Bidding at Duplicate Pairs 27 Strong Opening Bids 28 Take-Out Doubles 29 Suit Establishment in Suit Contracts 30 Landy / Defending Against a 1NT Opening SET 6 31 Counting Defence 32 Extra Tricks in No-Trumps 33Supporting Partner 34Finessing £105 set of 6 35Bidding Distributional Hands 36 Coping with Pre-Empts Mr Bridge ( 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk/shop Page 23 Michael Byrne on Playing with the Odds Listen to the Bidding K nowing the right text book percentage play for a particular suit is all well and good, but if you can’t realise that the bidding at the table affects what is happening (or going to happen), then your knowledge of percentages will come to naught, for applying the logic and realising when to disregard it is paramount. Let’s look at an example with no opposition bidding, and then with opposition bidding: ♠ 5 4 ♥ K 10 9 3 2 ♦ 10 8 5 2 ♣ K 6 N WE S ♠ A K 3 ♥ A J 8 6 ♦ J 4 3 ♣ A Q 2 West North East South Pass 1♥ Pass 4♥ All Pass You arrive in the fine contract of 4♥ and the opponents lead the queen of spades – how do you play it? If you shrugged and said, ‘I cash the ace and king of hearts and if they break 3-1, I go down quickly,’ then you would make a good rubber bridge player, since you will at least get a lot of hands in during every session! However, good bridge players look Page 24 for every extra chance, and the right thing to do would be to give yourself an extra chance if the trumps are 3-1. Win the ♠A and decide who, if anyone, might have a void heart. It is pretty unlikely that either opponent has a void, but the logic goes that if West held a void he might have overcalled or doubled (we already know he has a Q-J sequence in spades), so cash the ace of trumps at trick 2. If East has a void, you can nod several times, declare, ‘I thought so,’ a few more and take the marked finesse, ten tricks will be easy. Assuming, of course, everyone follows to the ace of hearts, your plan will be to cash the king next. You can try leading the jack out of hand if you want (only a really foolish defender will cover when they can see ♥K-10-9-x-x on the table, however to paraphrase a famous writer, ‘no-one ever went broke underestimating bridge players’ intelligence’). Let’s assume you guess wrong and one hand has ♥Q-x-x, you’re not dead yet, you can cash the ♠K and ruff one, then cash the clubs and exit with a heart. The end position will be: ♠— ♥10 ♦ 10 8 5 ♣— N WE S ♠— ♥8 ♦ J 4 3 ♣— To beat you, the defenders will have to take three diamond tricks and either they might not be able to (one might have a singleton honour, or A-Q, K-Q or A-K doubleton) or they might make a mistake and block the suit. In practice, you improve slightly on your chance of the hearts being 2-2, as well as giving the defenders a chance to go wrong. The full hand might be something like this: ♠ 5 4 ♥ K 10 9 3 2 ♦ 10 8 5 2 ♣ K 6 ♠ Q J 10 2 ♥ Q 7 4 N WE ♦ A Q S ♣ 9 8 4 3 ♠ A K 3 ♥ A J 8 6 ♦ J 4 3 ♣ A Q 2 ♠ 9 8 7 6 ♥5 ♦ K 9 7 6 ♣ J 10 7 5 Now imagine East has opened 1NT (12-14) and again you finish in 4♥ by South. West leads the queen of spades as before. How do you play it this time? Perhaps this problem is now too easy as it becomes a simple lesson in counting to 13. East has announced 12-14 points, yet appears to hold nothing in spades, the most number of points he has in the side suits is ♦A-K-Q, ♣J to make ten – he simply must hold the queen of trumps to make 12 points. So ignore the percentage play in isoBRIDGE December 2016 lation and play one to the king and one to the jack, confident that it will win. ♠ 5 4 ♥ K 10 9 3 2 ♦ 10 8 5 2 ♣ K 6 N WE I think we all know the solution here, lead low to the ace and low back to the jack. Hence this one: start by assuming that trumps are 3-2 (if they are 4-1 we are already down) and now there are only ten different combinations for West to have: A-9 A-J-9A-9-8 A-8 A-J-8A-8-7 A-7 A-J-7 A-9-7A-J ♠ Q 10 3 2 N WE S ♠ K 6 5 4 S ♠ A K 3 ♥ A J 8 6 ♦ J 4 3 ♣ A Q 2 Although it was more likely that the queen of hearts was doubleton with West rather than tripleton with East to start with, once we take into account the bidding it becomes a non-problem. The bidding is effectively stronger evidence than the a priori odds, since the bidding occurs after people look at their cards – East knows whether or not he has the queen of hearts when he decides to open the bidding, and he would have passed without it. We will now see another example where clues from the bidding guide us into the right percentage play. Let’s say you have this trump suit, how do you play it for one loser? ...becomes simple, low to the king and low back to the ten. This makes sense intuitively, since if we assume the trump suit is 3-2 (we need it to be one way or another) then the jack being with West is more likely than the jack dropping doubleton with East regardless of the position of the ace. However let’s look at a hand and put in opposition bidding: ♠ Q 10 3 2 ♥ K Q J 7 6 ♦ K 2 ♣ 9 4 N WE S ♠ K 6 5 4 ♥ A 2 ♦ A 10 4 3 ♣ 8 7 6 If we lead low to the king and then low back to the ten, we will make the contract if West has: A-9 A-8 A-7 A-9-8A-8-7A-9-7 When we put it like that there is a better line of play. Cross back to the ace of hearts and lead a trump to the queen and then another one off the dummy. If the jack appears from East on the second round, we cover it and claim our game, otherwise we duck. We will make the contract if West has: A-9 A-8 A-7 A-9-8A-8-7A-9-7 A-J we will only go off if he has: ♠ K 6 5 4 A quick tip for those of you unused to percentage play: if you have an unfamiliar suit combination, add one onto the value of every honour card until it becomes a combination you recognise. Thus the trump suit above is the same as this one: ♠ K J 3 2 N WE S A-J-9 A-J-8 A-J-7 ♠ Q 10 3 2 N WE S A-J-9 A-J-8 A-J-7 and we will go off if he has: A-J ♠ A 6 5 4 BRIDGE December 2016 West North East South 1 1NT 2♣ Pass 4♠ All Pass 1 Landy, showing the major suits. West cashes the king of clubs then plays the jack, which East overtakes with the ace to switch to a diamond, we stick the ten in and collect the queen of diamonds from West which we win with dummy’s king. What now? With two losers in the bag (or should that be out of the bag?) we need to bring in trumps for one loser. If there had been no opposition bidding, then low to the king and low to the ten would be the right play, but does the fact that West is marked with the ace of trumps have any bearing on the situation? Actually, yes it does. We have to The knowledge of where the ace of spades is affects our play, and we must use that knowledge accordingly and try to make our game as often as we can. The full hand: ♠ Q 10 3 2 ♥ K Q J 7 6 ♦ K 2 ♣ 9 4 ♠ A 9 7 ♠ J 8 ♥ 8 4 N ♥ 10 9 5 3 WE ♦ Q J 7 6 S ♦ 9 8 5 ♣ K Q J 2 ♣ A 10 5 3 ♠ K 6 5 4 ♥ A 2 ♦ A 10 4 3 ■ ♣ 8 7 6 Page 25 The Diaries of Wendy Wensum Episode 56: A Cornish Jaunt Part 1: A Grand Occasion S pouse and I were on a short holiday in Cornwall, a county where the most familiar road sign seems to be a cow in a red triangle. Indeed cattle appear to have more traffic lights enabling them to cross roads than school children or senior citizens. Perhaps cows are particularly valued in the West Country or maybe they are as common in Cornwall as people are in the rest of Britain. On a warm sunny day, we visited the Lost Gardens of Heligan. We strolled through the lovingly-restored formal gardens and along the woodland paths in the valley which were a walker’s delight. The following day saw us at the Eden Project, its enormous domes glinting in a weak sun. It was a lovely experience, especially as the viewing gallery at the top of the large biosphere was open giving an inspiring vista of the plants beneath. The next day a bitter wind greeted us as we ambled across the causeway to Saint Michael’s Mount. By late afternoon the tide had turned and a bouncy ferry ride carried us back to Marazion. Enjoyable as these excursions were, there was, as yet, no opportunity for bridge. This lamentable state of affairs was to change. It was no coincidence that Dave and Sally and their walking club were also in Cornwall. We had arranged to meet them after their day’s trek, and stay for a few nights at the same hotel. As we arrived, a minibus was discharging its weary band of windswept ramblers. Sally, Dave, Spouse and I were soon reunited, and the two males immediately got to grips with the real ales on offer in the bar. After dinner, the walkers entertained themselves with a karaoke evening, while the four of us settled down for our version of rubber bridge. We play four deals maximum and then score up as an unfinished Page 26 rubber, if necessary. We then switch partnerships and start again. Dealing is allowed to be regulation or goulash. Dave and Spouse announced they were ready as soon as each had a pint of beer close at hand. On the very first deal, this spectacular distribution of cards appeared. Dealer South. Love All. ♠A ♥ A 10 9 8 6 2 ♦ A Q J ♣ 8 3 2 ♠ K 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 ♠ Q J 9 7 ♥4 N ♥ K Q J 5 3 ♦Void WE ♦5 S ♣ K Q J 7 ♣ 10 5 4 ♠Void ♥7 ♦ K 10 9 8 7 6 4 3 2 ♣ A 9 6 As dealer of the goulash, I now had to decide how to open this nine-card diamond hand, and finally chose five diamonds because of the low point count. With only four losers, Dave overcalled five spades. Spouse had the best hand at the table; he assumed that I probably had an outside ace or void for my opening bid and punted seven diamonds. Unusually for Sally, she thought for ages before finally coming up with a pass. In summary, the short but speculative auction was: West North East South Dave Spouse Sally Wendy 5♠7♦ All Pass 5♦ On Dave’s lead of the king of clubs, I realised I had two losers in that suit. One could be pitched on the ace of spades but the other one clearly needed to go on a heart. Dave’s overcall and lead suggested he did not hold many red cards. Hopefully, ruffing heart finesses might bring the contract home, but sufficient entries to dummy could be a problem. Winning the first trick, I played my singleton heart to the ace and then discarded a club on the ace of spades. Next I led the ten of hearts, Sally played the jack and I ruffed with the six in case Dave had a singleton. A diamond to the ace removed the only trump not in my possession, and I led the nine of hearts from table on which Sally dutifully placed the queen and I ruffed. Repeating the procedure, I went back to dummy with a trump and played the eight of hearts. Sally obligingly played the king and I ruffed. The losing club could now be deposited on the master heart and the grand slam came home to much celebration around the table, so much indeed that the men’s glasses required immediate refills. In their absence, Sally noted that the contract needed to be played by South, as a diamond lead would remove a vital entry to the hearts if played by North. She also admitted she had considered doubling for penalties or sacrificing in seven spades before eventually passing. In all, we played three partial rubbers, one with each partner and Sally was the overall winner on the evening. Two more pints of beer for our men cheered them up, and they soon forgot the insulting slur on their manhood emanating from a female victory. Just as we finished, an inebriated bunch of walkers returned to the bar from their session of karaoke. A noisy end to the evening became inevitable. A number of ramblers would have sore heads in the morning. Hopefully Dave and Spouse would not be joining them. ■ BRIDGE December 2016 Answers to Julian Pottage’s Defence Quiz on page 15 1. ♠ 10 5 2 ♥ A K 6 ♦ A K 8 6 ♣ K 9 4 ♠4 N ♥ J 9 5 3 2WE ♦ Q 10 7 3 2 S ♣ 7 2 ♠ K Q J 8 7 6 ♥Q ♦4 ♣ J 10 6 5 3 West North East South Pass 1♠ Pass 2♣2♥3♣ 3♥4♠ All Pass ♠ A 9 3 ♥ 10 8 7 4 ♦ J 9 5 ♣ A Q 8 West North East Pass 4♠ All Pass 1 6-10 with six spades South 2♠1 Partner leads the ♣7. You win with the ♣Q. What is your plan? You can see two club tricks and a trump trick. Even if partner has both red queens, it is hard to see how you can make any extra tricks in the side suits. Partner will not have led the ♣7 from a suit headed by the J-10. Since the lead is likely be top of a doubleton rather than second from a poor suit, you cash the ♣A and continue with a third club, hoping for a ruff. If all follow to three rounds of clubs, perhaps partner holds a singleton ♠Q or ♠K. You would duck the first trump, of course. 2. ♠ A 10 9 ♥ Q 6 ♦ K J 6 ♣ Q 10 6 5 3 ♠ J 3 ♠ Q 6 4 N ♥ A 10 7 2 ♥ K J 9 5 3 WE ♦ Q 9 7 3 2 S ♦ 8 5 4 ♣ J 4 ♣ K 7 ♠ K 8 7 5 2 ♥ 8 4 ♦ A 10 ♣ A 9 8 2 BRIDGE December 2016 Partner leads the ♥A. What is your plan? Since you are keen to cash the ♥K, you begin by playing an encouraging ♥9. After taking the ♥K at trick two, you must find a safe exit card. Neither black suit is safe to lead. Partner might hold the jack in either suit – and nor do you wish to spare declarer a possible two-way finesse in trumps. Since any diamond finesse is working anyway, the suit is safe to lead. Having exited safely with a diamond, you will not cover the ♠10 but you will cover the ♣Q – the latter promotes partner’s ♣J. 3. ♠ A 3 ♥ Q J 9 6 ♦ A Q J ♣ A 9 7 4 ♠ K J 9 8 6 2 ♥ A 8 3 N WE ♦ K 10 2 S ♣2 ♠ 7 5 4 ♥ K 10 7 5 ♦ 8 7 6 4 ♣ J 8 ♠ Q 10 ♥ 4 2 ♦ 9 5 3 ♣ K Q 10 6 5 3 West North East South 1♠ Dbl1NT Pass 2♠ DblPass 3♥ All Pass Partner leads the ♣2: ♣4, ♣Q and ♣8. What do you return and why? The lead is easy to read. Partner would not lead low from a doubleton, which means that it was a singleton. If you return a club, your partner will be able to ruff. Does it matter which club you return? When delivering a ruff you should give a suit-preference signal to say which suit you would like back. With nothing in diamonds but with the ♠Q facing partner’s likely ♠K, you have a clear preference for a spade. So return the ♣10, high to ask for the higher-ranking suit. Although declarer can later ruff the third of clubs high to avoid a second ruff, at least your side scores a spade trick to stop a possible overtrick. 4. ♠ A K J 10 7 3 ♥ A K J 6 ♦ 8 5 ♣10 ♠ Q 8 6 2 ♠ 5 4 ♥ 9 4 N ♥8 ♦ A 7 6WE ♦ K J 10 3 2 S ♣ A K 6 3 ♣ J 9 8 7 5 ♠9 ♥ Q 10 7 5 3 2 ♦ Q 9 4 ♣ Q 4 2 West North East South 1NT Dbl Rdbl12♥ Pass 4♥4NT2Pass 5♣5♥ All Pass 1 An unspecified 5+-card suit 2 Both minors Partner leads the ♣K (from A-K or K-Q at the five level or higher). What do you play on this trick and if partner switches to the ♦A? With the singleton in dummy, your signal at trick one should be suitpreference, so play the lowly ♣5 to show interest in the lower-ranking diamond suit. Then, to reinforce your interest in diamonds, you encourage with the ♦J under the ♦A. Your side thus takes the first three tricks. Note that if you fail to signal effectively for diamonds, your partner might try placing you with a void in spades and attempt to give you a ruff. Your diamond ■ winners then run away. Page 27 Teachers’ Corner – Teaching Tips from Ian Dalziel The Human Side of Bridge Teaching How do we measure our success as bridge teachers? I don’t think the EBU do OFSTED-type inspections and there are no student exams, but there are some yardsticks. lHow many students remain till the year end? lHow many friendships are made at the class? lHow many join a learners’ bridge club? lWhat standard have they reached? It’s important they join a club of some sort as home games rarely last and are not practical for many. Lots of my students say their greatest benefit from taking up bridge is the friendships they made which is great, but the hardest part of the teacher’s role is to get the students to a level where they feel competent in a game. The ‘naturals’ will get there anyway no matter who is the teacher, but such people don’t really need a bridge class. Does their skill really matter? If they enjoy the game and make friends, isn’t that enough? Not really, for although winning isn’t everything, I don’t know any bridge player who wouldn’t like to be better. If the social side of the game was all that mattered, teaching could be done with a fraction of the preparation. The main problem is that students learn at vastly different rates. Some have played bridge or other card games before, but that is only a temporary advantage. If the teaching Page 28 is of good quality, progress depends on their attendance rate, the homework done, how often they play between classes but, above all, their aptitude for the game. Any class has a wide range of natural ability, so some need to work much harder than others. Unfortunately, those who most need to do homework are least likely to do it. Perhaps such people only learn with the cards in their hands and written notes and quizzes just don’t help much. I find those who take up bridge are usually very busy people even though lots are retired. Many say they intend to do the homework but can never find time. Actually, what they mean is that it’s not a high enough priority, because some of the busiest people somehow get the homework done. I run classes up to fifth year and while most are ready to move on at the end of each year, there are always those who would benefit from repeating the year. No-one does, of course, for they want to remain with their friends and to stay back would be seen as a humiliation, reminiscent of the ‘dunce’s cap’. Hence by the fifth year, the range of ability in the class can vary widely. Unless someone has a good grasp of the basics, they will gain nothing from the more advanced lessons; indeed it will just confuse them. I can understand that players want to know more about the game, but for some, ‘talking the talk’ seems to take priority over ‘walking the walk’. Even though conventions are the last thing most learners need, some feel ‘deprived’ if you don’t teach them and may go elsewhere for lessons. One year I gave up ‘whole class teaching’ and they worked in groups using self teaching exercises, and everyone progressed at their own pace. I produced extensive ‘home lessons’ which replaced the spoken lessons in class. Those who went off for long holidays just slotted in where they left off. I thought I had finally ‘cracked it’, but I had to abandon it after six months as so few were doing the homework. My conclusion is that bridge lessons in class will never be the most efficient method of learning, people are just too different. With a self-selecting group of people, all we can do as teachers is make the lessons as enjoyable and effective as possible and some learning will take place. Those who seriously want to be good can use the classes as a springboard for their real learning which must done by home study backed up by playing a lot. Partnerships I draw for partners at my classes, but they chose their own partners at the bridge club. Some partnerships work very well but others are unequally yoked. If your partner isn’t as good as you but you enjoy the partnership, that’s great. However, if you are constantly frustrated by your partner, but stick it out because you ‘couldn’t hurt their feelings’ then you are making a big mistake. You need to grasp the nettle and politely end it; you have the right, be kind to yourself. In any case, your partner may realise themselves that they are holding you back. A bridge partnership is not a BRIDGE December 2016 marriage or even a contract. Just say, ‘I feel our partnership isn’t working and think we should both seek new partners, but remain friends.’ Not easy to do, I admit, but you won’t regret it. Honestly, it will be such a relief and be best for both of you. Behaviour I have met so many nice people through bridge and I’m sure you have too. Most bridge players are polite, educated, law abiding citizens. At the bridge table, all are treated equally regardless of race, religion, age, wealth and gender – that is honestly my experience. Imagine a country where everyone was the sort of person who becomes a bridge player; there would be no crime apart from traffic offences, our doors wouldn’t need locks, there would be no litter on the streets and no bad language. Do you think I’m being idealistic? Unfortunately, a minority of these esteemed citizens, pillars of the community, who do great charitable work, transform into table terrorists (TTs) when playing bridge. Indeed, when I try to persuade my students to go to a bridge club, they don’t ask about the standard of play, the comfort of the premises, the ease of parking, the systems played, how well it’s organised or the speed of play. They simply ask, ‘Is it a friendly club? Are the players fierce? Will I get told off if I do the wrong thing?’ Of course, all bridge clubs claim to welcome newcomers; just as all brides and babies are beautiful. It’s like motherhood and apple pie. While the club welcomes newcomers, some of its inhabitants might be anything but welcoming. Many bridge clubs have best behaviour policies, but from the stories which still come to my ears and from the letters I read in BRIDGE, the TTs are still alive and kicking and putting people off the game as they always did. Why does such bridge lawlessness continue to exist among the most law abiding of citizens? I’m sure the TTs don’t intend to spoil the enjoyment of others; they just lack the self awareness to know they are doing it. The trouble is that no-one tells them, people just BRIDGE December 2016 mutter amongst themselves about the problem and some just vote with their feet. Sometimes the TTs are the club’s best players or committee members who do a power of work for the club so no-one wants to offend them. They are often the nicest of people away from the bridge table. Edmund Burke said many years ago that the only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing. And that is the nub of the problem – people put up with it and don’t complain. It’s just not British to do so; no-one wants to be a grass. So if your club has such a problem then the members are to blame even more than the TTs. Don’t suffer in silence. If someone is rude to you, do something. Call the director, who might be at a loss – it might cause embarrassment, who cares. If everyone did this, the problem would be solved very quickly. If you are stunned into silence by an unexpected onslaught, then complain to the director or the club president at the end; failing that write a letter to the club secretary. Even if you are a newcomer, don’t hold your peace, the club needs you more than you need it. There are lots of clubs competing for new members, you are of great value. If the club gives a dismissive response to your complaint, then seek another club, but not before. Behaviour problems are less common at the bridge class as the teacher can usually spot it and deal with it tactfully or with humour. But don’t think you know everything that goes on at your class, as some people are very cunning and do their bullying when the teacher is out of earshot. However, if you are approachable people will tell you about it; always thank people for a complaint, don’t be defensive. As a long time bridge club proprietor, I have had to confront the TTs over the years, for if I didn’t I could lose my club. I do so as diplomatically as possible, but it can be awkward, embarrassing and messy. I always think I could have handled it better, but the problem always gets resolved, one way or the other. There is a downside though to running a club which is a TT free area – a long waiting list! ■ CLUB INSURANCE Every club should be covered and my inclusive package, to suit clubs of up to 300 members for less than £75 per year, is the right package at the right price. Contact FIDENTIA for a quote ( 020 3150 0080 [email protected] For those with Pre-existing health conditions (No Age Limit) l Travel Insurance with online Medical Screening l Cover for medical conditions, up to a high level of severity, even a terminal prognosis l No age limits l Instant online cover We fully understand that you may wish to speak to us direct about cover and your medical conditions and assure you of the best attention by senior staff on a direct phone line that does not require you to hold or press buttons for departments. ( 01268 524344 We look forward to speaking with you soon Email: [email protected] Website: www.genesischoice.co.uk Genesis Choice Ltd are an appointed representative of NDI Insurance and Reinsurance Brokers Ltd who are authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority No.446914 Page 29 Robin Hood’s Bridge Adventures by David Bird The Sheriff’s Perfect Partner T he Sheriff was entertaining the 21-year-old niece of Lord Galwaite for a few days. A keen rider, she had been looking forward to some deer hunting. The weather had been unaccommodating, however, and the high winds and heavy rain seemed set to last until her departure. ‘I’ve arranged a game of bridge for us this afternoon, Lady Helena,’ said the Sheriff. ‘I shall partner you against Gisborne and one of his men. They’re fairly clueless players but you may find it entertaining.’ ‘This is Lord Galwaite’s niece, Lady Helena Lockart,’ announced the Sheriff, as they entered the oakpanelled state-room. ‘If her bridge is as accomplished as her riding, we should have a good game.’ Dealer West. Love All. ♠ A 9 8 6 2 ♥ A Q J 4 ♦K ♣ Q 6 5 ♠ K J 4 ♠10 ♥ 8 6 N ♥ 10 5 3 2 WE ♦ A 9 7 3 2 S ♦ Q J 10 6 4 ♣ K J 8 ♣ 10 4 2 ♠ Q 7 5 3 ♥ K 9 7 ♦ 8 5 ♣ A 9 7 3 West North East South Guy of The Sgt. Lady Gisborne Sheriff Fyggis Helena 1♦ Dbl3♦3♠ Pass 4♠ All Pass Page 30 A spade game was reached on the first deal and Gisborne led the ♦A, East following with the ♦Q to show his sequence of honours. Lady Helena pushed back a lock of shiny black hair and won the ♥8 switch in her hand. Gisborne surely held the ♣K to make up his opening bid, so all would depend on escaping for just one trump loser. If trumps were 2-2, any play would do. What was her best chance if trumps broke 3-1? At trick 3, Lady Helena led the queen of trumps from her hand. A somewhat surprised Gisborne covered with the king and dummy’s ace won the trick. The young declarer turned towards East, keen to see the card that he produced. Ah, how splendid, it was the ♠10. Gisborne won a second round of trumps with his jack and returned a third round. When declarer eventually led a club towards dummy’s queen, the king did indeed prove to be onside and the game was hers. ‘A fine horse rider and a fine player of the cards!’ exclaimed the Sheriff. ‘Did you see her play in the trump suit, Gisborne? You might take a note of it in case you play a similar deal one day.’ ‘Are you serious, my Lord?’ Gisborne demanded. ‘Leading the queen would be clear to any good player.’ The Sheriff smirked. ‘Indeed it would,’ he said. ‘I was suggesting that you, also, might like to add it to your repertoire.’ Gisborne gritted his teeth. ‘Amusing, as always, my Lord,’ he replied. ‘You speak in jest, as I’m sure Lady Helena realises.’ On the very next deal the young aristocrat had a chance to claim the first rubber. Dealer North. N/S Game. ♠ A Q 7 5 ♥ K Q J 8 ♦ A J 6 5 ♣4 ♠ 10 9 3 ♠ J 4 ♥ 6 5 N ♥ 10 9 7 3 WE ♦ K 8 3 S ♦ Q 10 9 7 ♣ Q J 8 7 3 ♣ K 10 6 ♠ K 8 6 2 ♥ A 4 2 ♦ 4 2 ♣ A 9 5 2 West Guy of Gisborne Pass All Pass North East South The Sgt. Lady Sheriff Fyggis Helena 1♦Pass 1♠ 4♠Pass 6♠ ‘By the Saints, her bidding is as spirited as her riding!’ exclaimed the Sheriff. ‘What think you of it, Gisborne? Are you impressed?’ ‘We would bid similarly if we held any cards,’ Gisborne replied. ‘Sourness does not become you,’ reprimanded the Sheriff. ‘You must forgive him, Lady Helena.’ Gisborne led the ♠10 against the slam and the Sheriff laid out his dummy. ‘A fine hand, my Lord,’ observed Lady Helena. Now, how many tricks would she have if she drew trumps BRIDGE December 2016 in three rounds? Three trump tricks, four hearts, two aces and the last two trumps scored separately. That was only eleven. It seemed that she would need two club ruffs in dummy and one diamond ruff in her hand. Lady Helena won the trump lead with dummy’s queen, retaining the two low trumps for ruffing. A club to the ace was followed by a club ruff. To clear a ruffing route to her hand, she then made the smart move of ducking a round of diamonds. Sgt. Fyggis won with the ♦9 and returned the jack of trumps to dummy’s ace. A heart to the ace was followed by a second club ruff with dummy’s last trump. The young declarer played the ♦A and re-entered her hand with a diamond ruff. It remained only to draw the last trump with the ♠K and score three more heart tricks in dummy. ‘Bravo!’ exclaimed the Sheriff. Galwaite’s niece was a moderate player, doubtless, but having such an expert partner seemed to inspire her. ‘A fine piece of cardplay, Gisborne, do you not agree?’ Gisborne nodded morosely. The Sheriff had never commended him, for taking a ruff or two in dummy and drawing trumps. Put a freshfaced girl opposite him and every play, however basic, was rated as manna from Heaven. ‘Yes, indeed, my Lord,’ he replied. ‘She played it well.’ The light from outside was beginning to fade when this deal arose late in the third rubber: Dealer South. Game All. ♠ J 8 5 2 ♥ 6 3 ♦ A 8 6 2 ♣ 9 8 3 ♠ Q 9 7 ♠3 ♥ J 4 N ♥ Q 10 9 7 5 WE ♦ K Q J 9 4 S ♦ 10 7 3 ♣ A 5 2 ♣ K Q 6 4 ♠ A K 10 6 4 ♥ A K 8 2 ♦5 ♣ J 10 7 West Guy of Gisborne North East South The Sgt. Lady Sheriff Fyggis Helena 1♠ 2♦2♠3♦4♠ All Pass Gisborne led the ♦K and down went the dummy. ‘So little for me, my Lord?’ queried Lady Helena. ‘In the game we play at court, a free bid promises extra values.’ ‘Anyone not raising with four trumps and an ace understands nothing of the game,’ replied the Sheriff. ‘Do your best, anyway.’ Lady Helena won with the ♦A and ruffed a diamond in her hand. The contract would be easy if trumps split 2-2. If they did not, she would like to score three diamond ruffs in her hand. When declarer played two top trumps, East showed out on the second round. What now? It seemed that she had four certain losers in the black suits. Still, it was hardly her fault that the Sheriff didn’t understand the notion of a free bid. Lady Helena continued with the ace and king of hearts, followed by a low heart. It would not assist Gisborne to ruff with his master trump, since a club loser would be thrown from dummy. He discarded a diamond and declarer ruffed with the ♠8. A diamond ruff in her hand left these cards still to be played: ♠J ♥— ♦8 ♣ 9 8 3 ♠Q ♥—N WE ♦QS ♣ A 5 2 ♠10 ♥8 ♦— ♣ J 10 7 ♠— ♥Q ♦— ♣ K Q 6 4 The ♥8 appeared on the table and, once again, Gisborne could not ruff profitably. If he discarded the ♦Q dummy’s ♦8 would become good, so he had to throw a club. Lady Helena ruffed with the ♠J and reached for the ♦8, ruffing with the ♠10. Because Gisborne had been forced to retain the ♦Q, he could not overruff. Contrary to earlier expectations, declarer now had ten tricks before her. Magnificent play!’ cried the Sheriff, smiling broadly across the table. It suddenly occurred to him that Lady Helena would make him the most perfect wife imaginable. Some might decry an age difference of four decades, it was true. But when a splendid-looking woman was equally proficient in the saddle and at the bridge table... Well, he was prepared to overlook such a small matter! ■ BRIDGE December 2016 Page 31 Julian Pottage Answers your Bridge Questions What Do I Need to Force After an Overcall of My Partner’s Opening? Q After partner opens 1♦ and RHO overcalls 2♣, what is the minimum HCP strength I should have for a response of 2♠? Jim Straffon, Stockport. A You need at least five spades to bid 2♠. If you have only five spades, you should regard 10-11 as the minimum. If you have a good six-card suit or a seven-card suit, a point or two less would be OK. ♣♦♥♠ Q 1. Playing Benji Acol, when opener bids 1♠ and responder bids 2♥, am I correct in saying that responder should have at least ten points and five hearts? My partner wants to know why four hearts are not sufficient. 2. In response to another question you say that Gerber is a terrible convention and should not be played. My partner and I play RKCB after a suit bid and Gerber after no-trumps. The following Page 32 bidding sequence occurred between us 1♠-2♥-2NT-4NT-Pass. After partner’s 2♥, I was forced to bid 2NT. Usually, I would have bid 1NT showing 15-16 points. Partner then knew my points were 15-18 so 4NT was quantitative. If partner had enough points for slam but wanted to decide between 6NT or 7NT he could have bid a Gerber 4♣ to ask for aces. Is this a good use of Gerber? Dawn Henderson by email. A 1. Firstly, playing Acol, I normally recommend nine points and a five-card suit as being sufficient for a twolevel response. In general, depending upon vulnerability and scoring method, only a poor or moderate nine would respond 1NT. Any hand with the values for game facing a strong 1NT should not respond 1NT to an opening suit bid when playing a weak 1NT. The reason why a 2♥ response to 1♠ shows a five-card suit is that this enables you to find both 4-4 and 5-3 fits. If you have a 4-4 fit, you will find it after responding two of a minor because partner can rebid 2♥. By playing the 2♥ response as promising a five-card suit, opener can raise with three, thus enabling you to find a 5-3 fit. How would you find a 5-3 heart fit if the 2♥ response did not promise five? 2. There are several reasons why Gerber is a bad convention. (a) The main determinant for a successful slam contract is the playing strength for twelve (or thirteen) tricks. The knowledge that the partnership has three or four aces does little to help in that regard. On the auction you cite, partner is rather more interested in whether you have 17-18 rather than 15-16. Asking for aces would not disclose that. (b) There are so many other possible uses for a bid of 4♣, that it is inefficient to devote it to ace asking. Depending upon the earlier bidding, 4♣ might be useful as natural, a cue bid or a splinter, for example. (c) For a successful slam you need a good trump suit and controls in all the suits. Often you cannot establish that this is the case below 4♣. If you watched any of the world championships in Wroclaw, I suspect you could have watched for the whole fortnight without seeing Gerber used. If all experts agree that a convention is a terrible one, they are invariably right. ♣♦♥♠ Q Suppose you bid the opponents’ suit at the three level eg (1♦)-Dbl-(2♦)-3♦. Does this show a control in the opponents suit for a possible 3NT contract or is it asking doubler to show her best suit? Roger Jones by email. A On the particular auction you give, the fourth player has the option to make a responsive double. This suggests that the cue bid ought to mean something else, although perhaps simply a stronger hand, unsure of denomination and wishing to set up a force. If the third player had passed, then a cue bid would be asking the doubler to choose a suit. On most auctions, a bid BRIDGE December 2016 of the opposing suit will either be showing a fit and values or be asking for a stopper. An immediate cue bid after partner has opened or overcalled is usually showing a fit and values – many of these cue bids will be at the two level, though they can be at the three level (eg (1♦)-1♠-(2♦)-3♦). Cue bids later in the auction or by other players tend to be asking for a stopper (eg 1♦-(2♣)-2♠(Pass)-3♣) or in some cases just showing extra values (eg 1♦-(2♣)-Dbl-(Pass)-3♣). Cue bids at the four level are most often control showing for slam purposes – you do not ask for stoppers when you are already past 3NT. ♣♦♥♠ Q I would really value a recap on unusual openings – eg 3NT. As it hardly ever happens that I have seven or eight solid clubs (or diamonds), I have forgotten the responses, with or without intervention. Margerita Milne by email. A The standard actions for responder after a gambling 3NT opening are as follows: Pass 4♣ 4♦ 4♥/♠ 4NT 5♣ To play, indicating stoppers in the other suits Pass or correct: opener passes with clubs or bids 4♦ with diamonds Singleton enquiry To play Invitational, typically asking for an eighth winner Pass or correct: opener passes with clubs or bids 5♦ with diamonds BRIDGE December 2016 After the 4♦ singleton enquiry, opener rebids: 4♥/4♠ Singleton in suit bid 4NT No singleton 5♣/5♦ Singleton in the other minor ♣♦♥♠ Q West, dealer, opened 1♣. A new partner on BBO decided to pass my 2NT overcall, having a singleton in each of my suits. Is this acceptable in your view? She could not bid three of the other suit either, because her suit was opener’s suit. I believe a cue of opener’s suit usually shows a powerful hand, yet her bid would have been successful. The full deal was as follows: ♠ 10 7 ♥ A Q 8 7 3 ♦ A 10 7 5 3 ♣9 ♠ K 8 6 ♠ Q 9 3 2 N ♥ K 10 5 WE ♥ J 9 6 2 ♦ K 6 S ♦ Q 9 8 4 2 ♣ K Q 8 4 3 ♣Void ♠ A J 5 4 ♥4 ♦J ♣ A J 10 7 6 5 2 Geoff Simpson, Torphins, Aberdeenshire. A As it happens, I encountered a similar situation recently. My partner overcalled 2NT showing both minors. I had K-J-x-x in the unbid spade suit and K-Q-10-9 of the opposing hearts; the winning action would have been to pass my partner’s 2NT overcall. On your layout, passing 2NT seems reasonable. I do not think 3♣ would be natural. ♣♦♥♠ Q For the average or below club player what are the best two devices that are fairly easy to adopt? We can assume that they already use weak takeouts and pre-empts. John Wyatt by email. A You ask a tricky question. Negative doubles after your side opens the bidding and the next player overcalls are a strong candidate for one of the bidding treatments to add. Playing double for take-out of opposing preempts is another possibility. There are so many things that it is difficult to narrow the list down to just two. ♣♦♥♠ Q There are a few discard systems. What are your thoughts? Colin Liddle by email. A On your first discard, it can be important to be able to show your strength to partner. If you play standard attitude signals (high encouraging, low discouraging) when following suit to partner’s lead, you can do the same when discarding. Likewise, if you play reverse or upside attitude (low likes, high hates) when following to partner’s lead, it is logical to do the same for your discards. Some prefer to play suit preference discards (high asks for a high-ranking suit, low asks for a low-ranking suit). The downside with those is that you cannot signal for the suit you discard. Revolving discards (high asks for the suit above, low for the suit below) are in theory slightly better than suit preference because you can signal for spades (or hearts if spades are trumps) without using a high card. With one regular partner, I play reverse attitude signals both following suit and as discards. With another, I play standard attitude both following suit and as discards. ♣♦♥♠ Q Aside from conventions like Landy where you are looking for a major suit fit, could you advise on the strength and distribution required to overcall after a weak no-trump opening? I am particularly interested in finding a minor suit part score. Tony Hodge by email. A When the opponents open a weak notrump, game may be on your way, which means overcalls, except when you have passed, need to have some constructive intent. Vulnerable, you need to have an opening bid values. Non-vulnerable, you can have a point or two fewer. Remember, any overcall will commit you to at least the two level, so a hand that would not have been worth a two-level overcall over a suit opening is probably not worth an overcall of a 1NT opening. In terms of shape, a 5332 is generally not good enough. You are looking for a six-card suit or some sort of 5-4 shape or better. Since you are more likely to win a competitive battle if you have a major suit and you are more likely to Page 33 make game with a major, conventional defences tend to focus on the major suits. Playing Landy, you can show just diamonds with 2♦, both minors (at least 5-5) with 2NT and just clubs with 3♣. You will need reasonable playing strength for the latter, particularly when you are vulnerable, because you are bidding at the three level. A more sophisticated version of Landy is Multi Landy. With this, a 2♦ overcall shows one major (similar to a Multi 2♦ opening) while a 2♥ or 2♠ overcall shows the major bid and an unspecified minor (like Lucas 2♥/2♠ openings, but slightly stronger). Unless you are already familiar with the Multi and Lucas, you will probably want to stick with simple Landy. ♣♦♥♠ Q When is a bid forcing for one round or forcing to game? I know that no-trump bids are often non-forcing. Irene Martin by email. A It is difficult to cover every possible sequence in the space available. What follows are some principles that hold true on most auctions. In general, bids of a suit that either member of the partnership has bid previously and no-trump bids are non-forcing. A return to partner’s suit after an invitational 2NT bid tends, however, to be forcing. Bids of a new suit below game, especially at the three level, are often forcing if partner has bid. Bids of the opposing suit and, if there is an agreed suit, bids in other suits tend to be forcing too. Most artificial bids are also Page 34 forcing. The main exception to having a new suit as forcing is that a non-reverse new suit by opener after a one-level response is not forcing. A non-jump change of suit response by a passed hand or (if playing rubber bridge), a bid (other than a jump shift response) that suffices for game because of a previous partscore would also be non-forcing. Common bids that are forcing to game are a jump shift by either opener or responder, an opener’s reverse after a two-level response, a 2♣ opening (unless followed by a 2NT rebid). It is also common to play that opener’s 2NT rebid after a two-over-one response is game forcing. ♣♦♥♠ Q Jacoby over majors is popular and I can see the value in most instances. However, when partner has a fit, as well as a good suit of his own, I find that if you do not show it at once it is difficult to convey its worth later. In old fashioned Acol you would automatically bid it to give partner a picture of the hand, but now one must bid to the level of the hand. A double fit is worth quite a few isolated points. What is your opinion? Gavin Pike by email. A A game forcing Jacoby 2NT raise keeps the bidding quite low so gives the partnership space to explore whether their hands fit well in other respects. Some people play that opener bids a second suit and others that opener bids a shortage. In either case, one is able to identify how well the hands fit in the side suits. You only bid high quickly with weak hands, not with strong hands. ♣♦♥♠ Q I am in fourth seat, vulnerable after three passes. I have 11 measly points of aces and spaces. Whenever I go for it, partner has 7 HCP. Whenever I cave in, partner has 11 HCP. Any guidelines please? Vicky Fisher by email. A Accepted wisdom on marginal openings in fourth seat is to add your HCP to your spade length and open if the total comes to 15 or more. So with 11 HCP you would open if you have at least four spades and pass with three or fewer. The reason why your spade length is so important is that on a partscore deal, the side with spade length is in a better position to win the declaration. The rule of 15 might not work every time but at least it saves you guessing and gives you something to quote if your decision backfires. ♣♦♥♠ Q If I hold a hand with an eightcard suit and 19 points, how do I open the bidding so that my partner is able to know my bid at the four level is not a pre-empt? Joy Holloway, Woking, Surrey. A A four-level opening is consistent with an eight-card suit but not with 19 HCP. Even facing a passed partner, you risk missing a slam if you open such a strong shapely hand with a pre-emptive bid. If you play strong two openings, as in Acol, you open two of your long suit unless it is clubs. If you play Benjamin, you open 2♣. If you are not playing either or if you are playing Acol but your long suit is clubs then you open at the one level and hope to catch up later. ♣♦♥♠ Q There seems to be two schools of thought regarding weak two openings. I play three weak twos with one partner and weak twos in the majors with another. What are your thoughts? Gloria Parks by email. A Playing weak twos in diamonds as well as the majors has the merit of simplicity, although the pre-emptive benefit of a weak 2♦ opening is limited, unless partner raises. I do play a weak 2♦ with one partner, albeit more from his choice than from mine. I think there are better uses for a 2♦ opening – weak hands with a long minor often end up defending. A 2♦ opening is not really high enough to pose the opponents major problems in the auction, while the information that one hand is weak with long diamonds tends to help them in the play. With my most regular current partner, I play Benjamin, which gives a lot of options with no-trump ranges as well as a way to show near game hands. Some people play 2♥ and 2♠ openings as constructive, BRIDGE December 2016 using a Multi 2♦ for weaker hands with a major – I have not tried that myself. ♣♦♥♠ Q Playing SAYC with 15-17 1NT, I understand the received wisdom with a no-trump shape is to open a minor and rebid 1NT with fewer than 15 points and 2NT with more than 17. However, if partner inconveniently responds 2♣ over your opening 1♦, what then? Does one just have to rebid 2NT regardless of whether one has 12 points or 19? Michael Paine, Surrey. A If you are playing a two-over-one response as stronger than in Acol, but not game forcing, then I do not think you can rebid 2NT with 18 points. I think you would need to jump to 3NT. The 1♦-2♣-2NT sequence is an awkward one in any case, because responder (if holding 11 points) is guessing whether opener has 12 points (when it is right to pass 2NT) or 14. ♣♦♥♠ Q After an opening 1NT (12-14 points), responses of 2♦ and 2♥ are conventionally transfers to hearts and spades respectively. I have played against pairs who include in their repertoire a ‘superaccept’ of the transfer. If the opener has the full 14 points and four of his partner’s suit he responds 3♥ or 3♠. This seems to me to work out pretty well most of BRIDGE December 2016 the time, but I met one teacher who did not like it on the grounds that the responder to 1NT may have a long major but very few points, in which case 3♥/3♠ might be too high. What do you think? Vulnerabilitydependent maybe? Obviously if the opening 1NT is strong (15-17), the risks are much less. My feeling is that, even with a 12-14 point 1NT, if the responder is extremely weak, the super-accept might have some pre-emptive value, and is therefore always worth a go. Jim Miller, Loughborough. A Transfer super accepts are a good idea. It can be very useful to know whether the fit is 5-4 or 5-3 because this affects how many points the partnership needs for a game or a slam. They are, as you suggest, slightly more useful playing a strong no-trump and slightly more useful when non-vulnerable or playing teams. Vulnerable at matchpoints and playing a weak no-trump, losing 200 for two off on a partscore deal is a factor to consider. Often, except against timid opponents, if you have a 5-4 fit and all you can make is a two-level contract, you will find yourself outbid if you try to stop at the two level – in this case it is better to go to the three level straight away. Whether your side’s major is spades or hearts is a factor as well. Opponents are much more likely to protect over 2♥ (when they might outbid you at the two level) than over 2♠. With most partners, I play that a jump to three of responder’s major shows a minimum with four trumps while other transfer breaks or super-accepts are descriptive and show a maximum with four trumps. Vulnerable at matchpoints, you might decide not to show the fourcard support on some hands. ♣♦♥♠ Q A When do you cover an honour with an honour? Bridie Cushion by email. In brief, you cover an opposing honour to promote a lower honour (or sometimes a high spot card) in your hand or your partner’s hand. The shorter you are in the suit and the better your intermediate cards, the more likely it is to be right to cover. Covering is less likely to be right if you know partner is short in the suit (when covering might crash an honour with partner and you know partner cannot have anything to promote) and is also less likely to be right if the honour led is a touching card (when it is generally best to wait to cover the last touching honour). Suppose what you can see is as follows: ♠ Q 7 4 3 N WE ♠ K 5 S Covering the queen with the king will gain a trick if partner has J-x or 10-x-x and will give declarer a guess if partner has 10-x. Covering the queen will lose a trick if partner has a singleton ace and saves declarer a guess if partner is void. Usually you can tell from the bidding whether declarer is more likely to hold a four- or five-card suit rather than a six- or sevencard suit. If declarer simply opened or responded 1♠ or bid spades in reply to a Stayman enquiry, you would reasonably hope that partner has two or three spades and cover. If, however, declarer had opened 2♠ or 3♠, you would not cover. ♣♦♥♠ Q I am looking into how and why players win at bridge and one of the aspects is randomness. Have you written or do you know of any software that calculates what the ‘par score for a hand based on the optimum realistic result’ would be for each hand, checks the movement and works out what the final results would be for each pair number in those movement positions? Mike Bowthorpe, Peterborough. A Sorry I am not aware of any such software. You would need a human (teacher, coach or whatever) to analyse the deals. You are right that you cannot just use standard software. That looks at all four hands and so drops singleton kings offside, gets all the two-way finesses right, never misses even the most complicated strip squeeze and thinks you should be in a makeable slam even if it needs three finesses and a ■ 3-3 break. E-mail your questions (including your postal address) for Julian to: [email protected] Page 35 A Blast From the Past by Shireen Mohandes Not Just a Pretty Face A merican John R Crawford (1915-1976) enjoyed his teenage years in the Culbertson era, when the popularity of bridge was at its height. He was a boy wonder and went on to win three world championships. He was regarded as a good looking man, sharp witted, flamboyant, and a strong technical player. He has been much talked about and quoted. Judy Kay Wolff describes him as ‘well built, magnificently groomed and with steel gray eyes, to boot’. If you play backgammon, you may well be familiar with the Crawford rule – named after him. Apart from a successful career as a bridge and backgammon player, Crawford wrote books on these games, but he also wrote about other card games: Canasta, Samba, Calypso, and others. Years of Bridge, by Australian JNR Griffiths. Pairs. Dealer South. N/S Vul. ♠Void ♥ A K 10 8 7 6 3 2 ♦ Q 9 ♣ Q 10 2 ♠ A K Q 8 4 2 ♠ 10 9 6 5 N ♥ 9 ♥Void WE ♦ J 10 4 S ♦ 8 6 5 3 ♣ J 7 6 ♣ A K 9 8 4 ♠ J 7 3 ♥ Q J 5 4 ♦ A K 7 2 ♣ 5 3 The 1944 auction: WestNorth East South Howard John Schenken Crawford 1♥ 1♠ 2NT3♥ Dbl 3♠ 4♥ 4♠Pass Pass 5♥5♠Pass Pass 6♥PassPass Dbl All Pass The deal below is from a pairs tournament in the USA, in 1944. It was reported in the book The Golden Page 36 Well – where do we start? You may wonder, ‘What on earth is going on? Have the proof readers gone to sleep or something?’ Crawford, sitting South, opened light. At that time in the USA, 1♥ was the correct opening bid, whereas nowadays almost all Americans play five-card majors. Schenken, a world class player himself, was presumably intending to get his side doubled and discourage his opponents from bidding spades (which might make, or be a reasonable sacrifice). East wanted to make the position clear for his partner, and cue bid 3♥ which The Backgammon Crawford Rule This rule is designed to make match play more equitable for the player in the lead. If a player is one point away from winning a match, that player’s opponent will always want to double as early as possible in order to catch up. Whether the game is worth one point or two, the trailing player must win to continue the match. To balance the situation, the Crawford Rule requires that when a player first reaches a score one point short of winning, neither player may use the doubling cube for the following game, called the Crawford game. After the Crawford game, normal use of the doubling cube resumes. The Crawford rule is routinely used in tournament match play. It is possible for a Crawford game never to occur in a match. Source: Wikipedia BRIDGE December 2016 meant, ‘I am supporting your spades, partner.’ Griffiths commented that East did not bid 3♣ (instead of 3♥) because he thought he might be left there, or raised to 5♣. And so Crawford and Schenken made their way to 6♥. West, who had had enough, doubled (not unreasonably) and led a top spade. Before we look at the play, let’s consider a more modern ‘honest’ auction, which may not be nearly as much fun. West North East 1♠4♥4♠ Pass 5♥ All Pass South Pass 5♦ If West had opened a weak 2♠, it would have been undervaluing the hand. North might think, ‘Partner is a passed hand, so slam is unlikely; let me make it hard for the opponents to judge the right contract,’ and bid 4♥. East has a nice hand in context, and whether the partnership play weak or strong no-trump, four- or five-card majors, 4♠ is clear. A lazy South may just bid 5♥. A more thoughtful and considerate South will try to help partner with a description of their hand, in case the adversaries buy the contract. Since South is a passed hand, 5♦ can be bid comfortably, knowing that it is showing both diamonds and hearts, and suggesting – very strongly – that a diamond should be led. West, looking at three diamond losers, and knowing that a diamond will be led has no more to say at this stage, and will pass. Remember there is another chance to bid because South bid 5♦. North signs off in 5♥ and the spotlight is now on East. With decrepit diamonds, and diamond strength in South, he expects that partner would lose two or three diamonds alone. So it doesn’t seem that 5♠ is likely to make. Should East sacrifice? It is surprising how often it is right to bid on in these situations, but looking at an A-K facing an opening bid, East will probably decide to defend. East makes a disciplined pass, as do the next two players. In this case, thoughtful bidding helps North-South. The Play Now, turning to the play in 1944, where the final contract was 6♥ doubled, by South. Crawford must have taken great delight in seeing the ♠K hit the green baize. He trumped and played six rounds of trumps. The discarding would have been agony. This is the ending that Crawford reached: ♠— ♥ 2 ♦ Q 9 ♣ Q 10 2 ♠A ♥— N WE ♦ J 10 4 S ♣ J 7 ♠J ♥— ♦ A K 7 2 ♣5 Two anecdotes about Crawford from the ACBL website: Late in the evening, Crawford reached a grand slam in clubs holding seven clubs to the A-K-Q-10 opposite a singleton. If he made the contract, that deal would be the last of the night, so when Crawford noticed that the kibitzers had not stirred, he drew the inference that the slam was not lay down. Backing his judgment, Crawford played the singleton trump from dummy and finessed the 10, the only play to make the slam since his right-hand opponent held four clubs to the jack. ♣♦♥♠ ♠— ♥— ♦ 8 6 5 3 ♣ A K When dummy plays the ♥2, East is in trouble. If he sheds a club honour, then a club is ducked and the remainder of the tricks are taken by declarer. If he lets go a diamond, then the long diamond in hand is established. This play is called ‘squeeze without the count’. The background behind the name is that although East is squeezed, he does go on to win a trick later. Most squeezes involve the defence taking their tricks, and then being squeezed when declarer has only one possible loser. And so the doubled slam was made by Crawford. Was he modest or did he gloat? We will never know. BRIDGE December 2016 Looking at all four hands, have you noticed that West can make 6♠ on a heart lead, ruffed in dummy? Once spades break 3-0, with South likely to have eight cards in the red suits, the correct play is to cash two top trumps and plan to double finesse the clubs. The third and final round of trumps is the entry to hand to take the second club finesse. ■ Never at a loss for words, Crawford brimmed with confidence and hubris. He was once approached at a tournament by a player who wanted his opinion on a hand. ‘Before you give me the hand, who’s my partner supposed to be?’ Crawford asked. ‘It’s unimportant,’ answered the player. ‘I have to know,’ said Crawford. ‘It might make a difference.’ ‘Okay then – another good player. Make it yourself or your twin brother.’ ‘Who are my opponents?’ ‘If you insist on that, too, make it two more Johnny Crawfords.’ Crawford said, ‘I’m sorry, I wouldn’t play in that game, it’s too tough.’ Page 37 Improve Your Defence with Andrew Kambites Are You on the Same Side as Partner? B ridge players specialise in sadism. The worst example of torturing partner I have ever seen was in a close match when I was in 3NT and West led the ♦J. Having four small diamonds in each hand I wasn’t worried until East showed out. West had ♦A-K-Q-J-10 and I had the rest. Surely there is nothing to say about this hand, but wait and see. West followed with the ♦Q, ♦K and ♦10 in that order. East was trying to make some sense of this sequence and took longer and longer over each discard. Finally, West produced the ♦A and burst into laughter. The board was flat: 3NT-1 in each room. However East was furious that partner had put him through the mental torture of trying to work out what West was trying to convey, just for fun. Already tired from the exertions of a long match, East’s concentration disintegrated. Not all acts of mental cruelty are deliberate. Look at Example A. Example A ♠ A 3 2 ♥ 10 8 5 ♦ 10 5 3 ♣ A K Q 2 ♠ 7 6 4 ♠ Q J 10 5 N ♥ Q J 7 2WE ♥ 9 6 4 ♦ Q J 8 6 2 S ♦ K 9 ♣6 ♣ J 10 9 8 ♠ K 9 8 ♥ A K 3 ♦ A 7 4 ♣ 7 5 4 3 Page 38 West North East Pass 3NT All Pass South 1NT West led the ♦6 and East’s ♦K won the trick. Declarer took the diamond continuation with his ♦A, cashed the ♥A-K and ♠A-K and tried three top clubs. When they failed to break 3-2, he was prepared to concede, but exited with his ♣2. East then cashed a top spade, leaving this position with East on lead: ♠— ♥10 ♦10 ♣— ♠— ♥QN WE ♦QS ♣— ♠— ♥3 ♦7 ♣— ♠J ♥9 ♦— ♣— East knew West’s remaining cards were the red queens, both winners, but instead of switching to his ♥9 he cashed his ♠J. West had lost track of the small cards and did not know whether he should keep the ♥Q or ♦Q. He guessed wrongly and declarer took trick 13 with dummy’s ♥10. East was quick to chastise West for loss of concentration and West just accepted the blame, but I blame East. Why did East need to cash the ♠J and torture his partner? Good defenders anticipate partner’s problems and go out of their way to help partner avoid error. Example B is most instructive. Example B ♠ 9 6 5 4 ♥ 10 9 3 2 ♦ K J 10 9 ♣K ♠ 10 8 3 ♠Void N ♥ 7 5WE ♥ A K Q 4 ♦ 7 6 5 3 2 S ♦ 8 4 ♣ A 4 3 ♣ 10 9 8 7 6 5 2 ♠ A K Q J 7 2 ♥ J 8 6 ♦ A Q ♣ Q J West North East South 1♠ Pass 2♠Pass 4♠ All Pass In a teams of four match, both West players led the ♥7. East cashed the ♥Q and ♥A and continued with the ♥K. One West player was not going to risk partner getting it wrong. He knew how to beat 4♠. He ruffed East’s master ♥K and cashed his ♣A. The other West tried to signal his desire for a club switch by discarding the ♣4. The trouble was that this didn’t look very high to East. East had to choose between leading a club, hoping partner BRIDGE December 2016 had the ♣A, or leading a fourth heart, trying for a trump promotion. He reasoned that if West had the ♣A he could have ruffed the third round of hearts to cash it, so if West left East on lead he must have a good reason. That reason could only be a trump promotion. East continued hearts which would have been the right defence if declarer held: ♠ A K Q J 7 ♥ J 8 6 ♦ A 5 ♣ A J 3 As it was, declarer ruffed with the ♠J, drew trumps and discarded his clubs on dummy’s diamonds. 4♠ made. The lesson here is: never look for an obscure way to tell your partner what to do when you can do it yourself. In Example C, West leads the ♦K. East follows suit with the ♦7 and West continues with a second diamond. Declarer easily makes his contract by ruffing the third diamond, drawing trumps and driving out the ♣A. Of course, a club ruff could have beaten 4♠. Which defender should bear responsibility? Example C ♠ A Q J ♥ A Q J ♦ 10 9 6 ♣ K Q J 10 ♠ 4 3 ♠ 7 6 5 N ♥ 10 9 WE ♥ 8 6 4 3 2 ♦ K Q J 4 S ♦ A 7 5 3 ♣ 8 7 5 4 2 ♣A ♠ K 10 9 8 2 ♥ K 7 5 ♦ 8 2 ♣ 9 6 3 West Pass North East South 2NT Pass 3♠ 4♠ All Pass There is no way that East can persuade West to switch to a club at trick 2, but East could, and should, have taken the initiative. If East overtakes the ♦K BRIDGE December 2016 with the ♦A, cashes the ♣A and leads a low diamond back to West it is not hard for West to work out that a club ruff is required. Layout D was a real test of partnership empathy. After South opened 1NT and North raised to 3NT, West led the ♠K. It looks easy for the defenders to cash five spade tricks, but it didn’t always work out that way. Layout D ♠ 10 2 ♥ K J 2 ♦ A Q 9 8 ♣ A Q J 10 ♠ K Q J 9 N ♥ 9 8 5 3WE ♦ 5 4 2 S ♣ 8 7 ♠ 7 4 ♥ A Q 7 ♦ K J 10 6 ♣ K 4 3 2 These English made tables offer superb quality and have the genuine Pelissier hinges. Choose from the great value Club, the Premier or the elegant Royal. Special Prices for Bridge Club orders of 5 or more. ♠ A 8 6 5 3 ♥ 10 6 4 ♦ 7 3 ♣ 9 6 5 Club Table with traditional green Many Wests cashed the ♠K-Q-J, leaving East with a guess. Some Easts overtook with the ♠A, which would be necessary if West had started with ♠K-Q-J tripleton. The ♠9 now blocked the suit. One West saw that his partner might have this problem. He reasoned that East knew he had the ♠Q from his opening ♠K lead, so he would play this card last giving East no temptation to overtake any of the previous spades. He continued with the ♠J at trick 2, and then the ♠9 at trick 3. East was not tempted to overtake the ♠9. How hard is all of this? Looking at all four hands it looks easy enough, but most bridge players find it very hard to anticipate how things look to partner. As the hand develops, each player acquires knowledge, but not necessarily the same knowledge. Players find it incredibly hard to understand that just because they know something, that information might not be available to partner. A partner who can anticipate your problems in defence and take the pressure off you is truly to be cherished. ■ felt playing surface £159.00 Premier Table, bevelled edges and baize playing surface £199.00 Royal Table, elegant surround and baize playing surface £249.00 Order online or by phone www.designsforbridge.co.uk 01483 270 100 SR Designs for Bridge Unit A1, Send Business Park, Send, Woking, Surrey GU23 7EF Page 39 Cities & Waterways of Europe READERS’ LETTERS DOUBLING PARTNER Departs Dover 22nd April 2017 • 8 nights Balmoral • L1706 Dover, Hamburg (Overnight), Cruising River Elbe, Cruising North Sea Canal (Noordzeekanaal), Amsterdam (Overnight), Cruising Western Scheldt River, Antwerp (Overnight), Dover Daily bridge on board, bridge fees included. Mr Bridge welcome drinks party. Partners for single players. Special solo offers. Great value Mr Bridge fares: Interior Room Ocean View Room Ocean View Room Balcony Room Suite £719pp £809pp £989pp £1,259pp £1,349pp Balmoral For reservations call Mr Bridge on 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk Terms and conditions apply – see Fred.Olsen 2017 brochure or www.fredolsencruises.com for details. Kiki Muir (Letters, BRIDGE 167, p40) asks why it is not possible to double partner to show that we have a misfit. There is a very simple answer: what happens when partner passes your double? This sounds like a wheeze to me; every time partner bids a making contract you double and collect double the score. I think opponents could have a point of view about this. Let’s get back to the roots of bridge. Double says to the opponents, ‘You are not making your contract,’ and redouble says, ‘Oh yes, we are.’ In the days of bridge whist, the earliest – Victorian – form of bridge, this was all it meant. Auction bridge then came along with both sides allowed to bid, and it did not take much time for players to realise that penalty doubles at a low level did not work. Instead the take-out double was introduced. In its earliest form it was used over a 1NT opening bid. In auction bridge it was considered normal to open 1NT with 2½ quick tricks and three suits stopped. Two aces and a king in a third suit would do and you can easily see that that was the forerunner of today’s weak no-trump in contract bridge. Double simply told partner to bid something over the opponents’ 1NT. Later it was realised it could be extended to suit situations as well and the principle has proved so useful that now we have FOC348846_MrBridge_Ad_Strips_261x41_L1706_W.C.03.10.16_FV.indd 10/10/2016 09:03 1 Page 40 negative doubles, competitive doubles, responsive doubles, re-opening doubles, etc, etc, all of which enjoin partner to ‘do the right thing’. Sally Brock has even written a complete book about doubles, Double Trouble. Even in the early days, there were players not happy about this. Sidney Lenz, one of the foremost experts in auction bridge in America, thought there should be a distinction between double for penalty, and double for take-out. He wanted there to be a new bid ‘challenge’ that took the place of the take-out double. But other people tried it and found it unnecessary. Partner had to remove the ‘challenge’ and was not able to convert a challenge into a penalty double by passing. In other words, it was unilateral and unpartnerly and therefore not good bridge. But note that it still involved challenging something the opponents bid and not anything partner had bid. OK, let’s get back to Kiki’s problem. Kiki has a misfit with partner and wants partner to bid any other suit. Kiki would like to double, but for reasons above we can’t use ‘double’. We can though, give Kiki a new card, let’s call it ‘change’ and print it on sky-blue pink. Believe me, Kiki, we don’t need this ‘change’ card, your problem is not a problem at all; we just let the system we already have operate as it should. Let’s see some examples: Partner deals and opens 1♠, the next player passes, and we have this hand: ♠Void ♥ 10 7 6 4 ♦ Q 8 7 6 ♣ K 7 6 5 3 Easy peasy – we have fewer than 6 HCP. We pass and quite likely the fourth player will bid something and take us off the hook. Even if this doesn’t happen, partner most likely will have five or six spades and the end of the world won’t come. If partner has only four spades, partner’s hand will be balanced but too strong for 1NT, so partner will have 15-19 HCP. We don’t need to worry. Let’s make our hand stronger: ♠Void ♥ K 7 6 4 ♦ Q 8 7 6 ♣ A J 7 5 3 Here we have 10 HCP, so we can freely introduce our own suit at the two-level. Bid 2♣. The change of suit is forcing so partner will rebid. She may support clubs, or introduce a red suit which we will happily support. She may bid 2NT showing 15+ HCP so we will, with admittedly a little trepidation, go 3NT. Or she may rebid 2♠. This should show a six-card suit, so we just pass. With misfits, just stop as quickly as you can. Anyone who even considered 2NT here should go to the back of the class; partner has limited her hand to 11-15 HCP, there is a misfit and there is unlikely to be a good source of tricks for p42 BRIDGE December 2016 2161 Mr Bridge third page ad 170527BR_Layout 1 2 Answers to Bernard Magee’s Bidding Quizzes 1-3 on the Cover 1. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ K Q 3 ♠ A 10 9 6 5 ♥ K 8 7 6 N ♥ A 2 WE ♦ A J S ♦ 8 6 5 ♣ A 7 6 5 ♣ 9 8 2 West North East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 1NT1Pass2NT Pass ? 1 15-17 balanced 3♠. You showed 15-17 points by rebidding 1NT and now your partner invites game with 2NT, so with 17 HCP surely you just raise to 3NT? You certainly want to go for game, but why not offer 4♠ as an option if your partner has five – by bidding 3♠, you are accepting the invitation to game, but also showing three-card spade support. Here, your partner will be delighted with your bid and raise to 4♠. 4♠ making ten tricks is better than 3NT making nine. There are conventions (eg Checkback) that allow the responder to find his fit earlier in the auction, but they are not part of standard Acol. 2. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ K Q 3 ♠ 8 7 ♥ A K 6 5 4 N ♥7 WE ♦ K Q 3 ♦ 9 6 5 S ♣ 6 2 ♣ K Q 9 8 7 5 3 West North East South 1♥ Pass1NT Pass 2NT Pass 3♣Pass ? Pass. Your partner has shown 6-9 HCP and with a good 17 you felt justified in trying BRIDGE December 2016 for 3NT. However, your partner has now bid 3♣. What is he showing you? 1NT encompasses a lot of hand types: with any semi-decent hand with long clubs your partner can just bid 3NT; his 3♣ bid should show long clubs and little else outside. If you have a high club to go with his suit, you might gamble on 3NT, but with a small doubleton you should leave 3♣. You should expect partner’s hand to be entryless and thus most of your tricks in a no-trump contract would have to come from you. 3♣ is likely to make nine tricks, whilst 3NT would be lucky to make more than six. 3. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ A K 4 2 ♠ 8 5 ♥7 N ♥ A K 6 5 4 WE ♦ 8 5 4 S ♦ K J 10 2 ♣ A Q 9 4 3 ♣ 7 6 West North East South 1♣Pass1♥Pass 1♠ Pass2NT Pass ? Pass. Your partner should have a stopper in diamonds (the unbid suit) and 11-12 points. Although, traditionally, you would expect just 11, when hands are misfitting you tend to need more combined strength to make 3NT. You have described your hand: 5-4 in clubs and spades, so your partner’s choice of no-trumps seems reasonable. With 13 points and a 5-card suit you might feel you have a little bit of extra strength to go for game. However, keeping in mind the misfitting nature of the hands you should be pessimistic. 26 points are usually needed for misfitting hands to make 3NT. 2NT might not always make, but it is much more likely to do so than 3NT. ■ Renaissance and Rivieras hosted by BERNARD MAGEE LIMITED SINGLE AVAILABILITY Culture and glamour combine on a cruise that will take you from Imperial Rome to the Italian Riviera and the Cote d’Azur. May 27, 2017 - 11 days from Rome to Nice Fly to Rome and transfer to Aegean Odyssey in Civitavecchia. Cruise to Olbia (overnight on board) • Bonifacio • Elba • Florence • Pisa • Marseilles (Avignon) • Cannes (overnight on board) • Monte Carlo • Nice • Fly home Great value Mr Bridge fares Standard Inside from Standard Outside from Premium Outside from £2,195pp £2,650pp £2,795pp Single cabins are limited call for details For reservations call on 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk Terms and conditions apply – see brochure or website for details Page 41 Better Hand Evaluation Bernard Magee Introduction Better Hand Evaluation is aimed at helping readers to add greater accuracy to their bidding. It deals with auctions in which you and your partner, against silent opponents, can describe your hands fully to each other and, by evaluating them accurately, find the best final contract. The emphasis of all good, accurate bidding is on hand evaluation. There are two general types of auction: a) a fit is found and b) no fit is found. When you do not have a fit, you are aiming to describe the strength of your hand as soon as possible, most often using no-trump bids. This book begins by discussing balancedhand bidding in Acol, as it is very important that both members of a partnership have an accurate knowledge of how to show hands of different strengths. When a fit is found, there is much re-evaluation of the hand to be done; point count, though still important, needs to be evaluated together with distribution. The best way of reaching an accurate assess ment is to use the Losing Trick Count; this is an important method of hand evaluation and takes up a number of chapters. Finally, we move on to different forms of evaluation including game tries and splinter bids. You can never know enough methods of hand evaluation; the more you learn, the better you get at judging your hand. Although the Losing Trick Count is used more easily in tandem with your partner, a large proportion of the ideas in this book can be used by an individual. For example, evaluating your hand to be worth an extra point is going to help anyone you partner – as long as you get it right. £14 including UK postage Mr Bridge ( 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk Page 42 p40 no-trumps. Just let partner play. She will make a few high cards, a few of her trumps and with luck will scramble eight tricks. Well passed, partner. Ok so what happens when we have 6-9 HCP? ♠Void ♥ K 7 6 4 ♦ J 8 7 6 ♣ Q J 7 5 3 We just bid 1NT. This is the ‘dustbin bid’. 6-9 HCP, no convenient suit to bid at the one-level. Anything partner now bids you can pass, including of course 2♠. You gave partner the opportunity to change and she chose not to. Job done. This is the beauty of the 1NT dustbin response. It says to partner I have a few points but not enough to bid at the two-level. Partner has been warned both of the misfit and the lack of points. It does not promise any kind of balanced hand. I hope, Kiki, I have convinced you that 1NT is the ‘change’ card you are seeking. Perhaps like the ‘change’ card it could be printed on sky-blue pink to make you feel more confident when using it. But until that happens just imagine it and happily expect partner to ‘change’ when you use it. If partner doesn’t change there will be reasons, so just pass and let partner get on with it. Bridge doesn’t need to be made more complicated; some of us would say it is challenging enough already. Ned Paul, Twickenham. FAR TOO STRONG I must say that the comment under the final letter in the October issue of BRIDGE seemed ill-judged. The writer is entitled to his view (mind you he gets things wrong. For example, the Corn Cairdis gets not one penny of EBU funds and has not for many years) and if you choose to allow him to remain anonymous that is your entitlement, but to allow him to do so because he has made the completely unsubstantiated slur about retaliation seems more than a bit much. Who is the ‘they’ that have attracted ‘retaliation’ from the EBU? I invite him or her to provide evidence that this is actually true rather than a cheap and somewhat defamatory remark. To criticise the EBU for its actions is one thing. To make unsubstantiated allegations and slurs quite another. Jeremy Dhondy, Chairman of the EBU, Aylesbury, Bucks by email. Quite so. I agree with you and unreservedly apologise. LEVEL FIELD Jeremy Dhondy (Some Answers, BRIDGE 167, November 2016, p40) is mistaken in implying that the best means to ensure fairness in a bridge competition is to minimise the number of boards in play. The major factor to bring about fairness is to ensure that the overall skills of each pair’s opponents are as equal as possible. Thus when a movement ends in what is called a ‘revenge’ round, ie one in which players play against the same pair in the final round as they played against in the first, the pair who oppose the champion pair in the revenge round will complain that the fact that they, and they alone, have to play the champions twice makes the movement unfair, even though it might be the only movement in which each player does indeed play every board. Put another way, suppose you are coming up for the last round of a movement. You are given a choice: choose which boards you would like to play, or choose which opponent pair you would like to play against. It’s a no-brainer, you would chose the club dunces, for want of a better word, showing that quality of opposition is a more dominant consideration than type of board. Of course, in the higher ranks of the game in which the EBU rule makers operate, all players will be more or less of the same high skill level, so they naturally think that second-order considerations – ie the requirement that each board should be played by as many pairs as possible, and hence the number of boards in play should be as few as possible – are the issue. Given however that competitions at club level are inherently unfair anyway, because of the variations in skill levels that will inevitably exist, the introduction of the 70% rule (the violation of which makes the event ineligible for master points) seems to me to be irrelevant; and I agree with Andrew Kambites who, in page 7 of the same issue, reaches the same conclusion based on his experience of running bridge holidays. John MacLeod, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey. TRANSLATION NEEDED I would be grateful for a simple bridge definition of each of the following words. Convention, Law, Rule. p44 I struggle to give a BRIDGE December 2016 2161 Mr Bridge third page ad 170503BR_Layout 1 2 Answers to Bernard Magee’s Bidding Quizzes 4-6 on the Cover 4. Dealer West. Love All. ♠7 ♠ K Q J 5 4 3 N ♥ A K 4 3 2 ♥7 WE ♦ J 5 3 ♦ 9 8 6 S ♣ A Q 7 6 ♣ J 8 2 West North East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♠Pass ? Pass. Generally, when you have two relatively weak hands bidding together, their job is to try to settle on a contract at a low level. The best method for this to work is that the responding hand usually cedes to the opener – choosing one of his two suits, even if the fit is not great. Only very rarely should the responder take over – a rebid of responder’s suit should show a good six-card suit which is happy to play opposite a singleton in partner’s hand. The responder is overruling the opener – he is saying, ‘partner I know that you have shown me two suits, but looking at my hand, I am pretty sure that 2♠ is the right contract.’ East has the classic hand – a one suited hand that knows that playing in spades is correct otherwise his hand is relatively worthless. 5. Dealer West. Love All. ♠9 ♠ Q J 7 6 3 ♥ K Q 6 5 4 N ♥ 9 2 WE ♦ A 4 2 S ♦ Q 8 6 5 ♣ K Q 5 4 ♣ J 6 West North East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♥Pass ? Pass. BRIDGE December 2016 Two more weak hands trying to find their best partscore, but this time, your partner has come back to your first bid suit. Is it time to get excited, after all you have 14 HCP and a singleton (just five losers)? It is important to remember that your partner will not always have a fit for you, and he can be very weak. Furthermore, your partner’s strength in spades may well be misfitting opposite your singleton. I suppose playing teams you might try to push for a thin game, but more realistically you should pass and hope you can scrape together eight tricks. 6. Dealer West. Love All. ♠9 ♠ 8 4 2 ♥ K Q 6 5 4 N ♥ 9 2 WE ♦ K Q 5 4 S ♦ A 6 3 ♣ A 7 3 ♣ K Q J 6 5 West North East South 1♥ Pass2♣Pass 2♦ Pass2♥Pass ? 3♣. This hand looks very similar to the previous one, but there is one important difference: your partner responded at the two-level, so should have at least ten points. You cannot be sure of a good heart fit, but you can be sure that the partnership can afford to go at least one level higher to explore what the best final contract might be. Bid your hand out naturally: you have shown five hearts and four diamonds, a 3♣ bid now would describe your shape perfectly and put your partner in a good position to decide the final denomination. East would push on in clubs: 5♣ being a reasonable contract. East’s second bid is tricky: he might have tried 2♠ (fourth suit forcing), but he is a little weak for that so he gave false ■ preference for hearts. Madeira, Morocco & Seville hosted by SANDY BELL Enjoy the spring sunshine of Madeira, the dramatic landscapes of the Canary Islands and the Moorish splendours of Morocco and Seville. May 3, 2017 - 11 days from Funchal to Seville Fly to Funchal to join Aegean Odyssey for 2 nights on board. Cruise to La Palma • Lanzarote • Agadir (Taroudant) • Marrakesh (overnight hotel) • Casablanca (Rabat) • Seville (overnight on board) • Fly home Great value Mr Bridge fares Standard Inside from £1,995pp Standard Outside from £2,550pp Premium Outside from £2,695pp Single supplement only 10% For reservations call on 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk Terms and conditions apply – see brochure or website for details Page 43 p42 satisfactory answer to others when questioned. Also, reading my letter which you kindly printed in the latest issue of BRIDGE. I wonder what is meant at the end by ‘HUMS do not’? Does it mean HUMS do not contravene the laws of bridge? Kiki Muir by email. Simple answer – yes. COINCIDENCE I have a story that might interest you and your readers. Most Fridays, I go to visit my 88 year old father in Chester. After lunch, we have a couple of hours playing Chicago bridge with his two friends (Geoff 95 and Harold in his 80s). Last Friday, when the bridge came to a close after playing 20 hands, the scores were level at 1,620 to each pair. Given their ages, it was a surprise to me when they said that none of them had ever played bridge where the scoring finished as a ‘dead-heat’. However, when I called again yesterday, Geoff told me that his daughter (a very keen bridge player living in Canada) phoned him last weekend to say that her bridge afternoon (that same Friday) had finished dead-level, adding that neither she nor her friends had ever previously played bridge where that had happened. I presume it must be rare for one such situation to arise, but for two, on the same day, in different countries, with the father in one country and his daughter in the other. What are the odds of that happening? My father subscribes to your magazine and I said that he should write to you, but I doubt he will. David Finney by email. Page 44 LITTLE VOICE Just realised that I still haven’t replied to your question of how we’re doing re. raising funds for charity. As you know, the supply of stamps has fallen dramatically and I now augment this source by way of bridge suppers and events at my bridge club. My next event is on November 8th and the proceeds of that will boost our effort for the year to roughly £2,000. I still live in the hope of receiving a valuable collection of stamps but not so far. There are, nevertheless, some wonderful people out there who engage their friends and various club members and pool their collecting endeavours. Christmas mail will shortly be arriving and of course that always results in an upsurge. Be assured that I will continue to do my best and thank you for your continued support. Malcolm Finebaum by email. 8 Mountford House, Crescent Road, Enfield EN2 7BL. THE ODDS If you and partner have an eight-card fit, what are the odds opponents have at least an eight-card or better fit? Nine-card or better fit? If you and partner have a nine-card fit, your opponents must have an eight-card fit (26-(13-9)=22, divide 22 by 3) or better, what are the odds they have a nine-card fit or better? Michael Green, Brighton, Sussex. holds a 13-card suit. If he has ever held one, it’s most probably his friends pulling his leg. Even a hand with eleven occurs just three in a million, so he’ll never see one again. Tom Smith by email. WHY NOT SUBSCRIBE? I have just received a printed copy of BRIDGE 166; a most welcome and pleasant surprise, as it’s so much easier to read than the digital copy. Thank you very much. However, I notice that neither this issue, nor no.165 is available on the website. Have you got behind with this job again? David Barker, Aylesbury, Bucks. CHALK v CHEESE Having watched your magazine evolve over the years, may I, as both bridge player and marketing man, congratulate you on the October 2016 issue. Its friendly image and feel, clean layout and typeface, good colour quality and highly rated contributors, are all very welcoming. The subscription price of £50 for 36 issues of BRIDGE compares with Bridge Magazine (with which I have no connection) priced at £19.99 for 12-monthly issues plus unlimited on-line access and index to over 60 issues they have published in recent years. At this time, the latter seems for me the better choice but, as one nearing retirement, the temptation of your cruises keeps growing stronger. J French by email. VERY UNLIKELY Charlie Richardson (letters BRIDGE 166) can relax. If he plays bridge a lot, say a hundred boards a week, it will probably be tens of thousands of millennia before he Bridge Magazine is only available online. LIFESTYLE CHOICE Reading BRIDGE 166, I am concerned to see that Wendy Wensum would seem to be both a little older and now teetotal. As my wife and I usually play crisp and wine social rubber bridge with a couple of friends, I wonder whether I should decrease the alcohol intake. Malcolm Freeth, Bournemouth, Dorset. MEMORIES (1) It was sad to see the obituary of Patrick Jourdain. I first met him in 1961 at the fair for Cambridge freshers, both of us lurking around the stall for the university bridge club. We had both been playing at school but I felt a bit superior as my school was immediately adjacent to Sidcup Bridge Club and I had been playing there for a year or so with David Huggett, one of your columnists. After our first session at the university club, I decided that Patrick would soon be a better bridge player than I would ever be. We played together for three years and in the Varsity match in 1964. I remember once the club was due to play a match against Norwich Bridge Club. Someone had hired a van whose steering and brakes were rather dodgy and at one point, although going very slowly, the driver lost control and the van turned on its side. Patrick was coming to the end of a story about some amazing bridge hand and I saw him falling towards me as the van fell. Amazingly, we all scrambled out completely unhurt (except oil from somewhere had leaked onto the driver’s clothes). As we all stood around somewhat confused, Patrick’s first words were the punchline of his story. I never remember him uttering a cross word to p46 BRIDGE December 2016 Answers to Bernard Magee’s Bidding Quizzes 7-9 on the Cover 7. Dealer West. Love All. ♠2 ♠ A K 9 4 3 ♥ A K 8 7 2 N ♥ 6 5 WE ♦ K 4 2 S ♦ 8 7 3 ♣ Q J 4 2 ♣ A K 5 West North East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♦1Pass ? 1Fourth suit forcing 2NT. The partnership has bid three suits naturally and then your partner makes a bid in the fourth suit. You alert his bid as fourth suit forcing: an unnatural bid, not promising anything in diamonds – he is asking you to describe your hand a little more. Top of the list of what he might need to know about your hand is whether you have a stopper in the fourth suit; if you have, you should bid no-trumps. K-x-x might not seem much, but it is enough when you are declaring the contract. A diamond lead means you will make a trick in the suit; you will only lose out if the ace is wrong and the defence find an accurate sequence of plays. Here, you bid 2NT, not showing any extra strength, but suggesting something in diamonds. It is just what East wanted to hear and he raises to 3NT. 8. Dealer West. Love All. ♠2 ♠ A K 9 4 3 ♥ A K 8 7 2 N ♥ 6 5 WE ♦ J 4 S ♦ 8 7 3 ♣ Q J 9 4 2 ♣ A K 5 West North East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♦1Pass ? 1Fourth suit forcing 3♣. Once again, you alert your partner’s bid, but with little strength in diamonds you cannot bid no-trumps. Your job is to describe your hand further and with that BRIDGE December 2016 in mind, you should bid your second suit again, promising five cards. Do not be tempted to bid 2♥ to keep the auction lower just because you are weak: you chose to open with 11 HCP because of your shape and here is your chance to exhibit it. Over 3♣ your partner can be sure that clubs are best and will probably bid 5♣. BERNARD MAGEE’S INTERACTIVE TUTORIAL CD ACOL BIDDING MAC or Windows 9. Dealer West. Love All. ♠Void ♠ A 10 9 4 3 2 ♥ A K 8 7 2 N ♥6 WE ♦ K Q 4 2 S ♦ A J 9 6 ♣ Q J 4 2 ♣ K 3 West North East South 1♥Pass1♠Pass 2♣Pass2♦1Pass ? 1Fourth suit forcing 3♦. You have a nice hand and, once again, are being asked to make a third descriptive bid: you have shown five hearts and four clubs, what would be the best descriptive bid next? Thinking naturally will get you the answer: 3♦. 3♦ shows good diamonds and finishes the perfect description of your hand, leaving your partner with a pretty picture. You have shown a three suited hand (very short in spades) with reasonable strength. You might have considered 2NT (or 3NT) to show your diamond stopper, but this misrepresents the potential of the hand. Remember that after your 3♦ bid, your partner can bid no-trumps if he wishes, knowing you have a diamond suit. You might ask why your partner used 2♦ on the hand he held – well, with six spades and a game going hand, he needed more information from you before settling on the contract. Your 3♦ bid should persuade your partner to push towards a diamond contract, perhaps even ■ reaching the giddy heights of 6♦. Throughout 200 deals split into ten chapters, Bernard evaluates your bids, praising the correct ones and discussing the wrong ones. l Opening Bids and Responses l Slams and Strong Openings l Support for Partner lPre-empting lOvercalls lNo-trump £66 Openings and Responses l Opener’s and Responder’s Rebids l Minors and Misfits lDoubles l Competitive Auctions Mr Bridge, Ryden Grange, Knaphill, Surrey GU21 2TH ( 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk/mrbridge-shop Page 45 p44 me at the bridge table. I stopped playing bridge after leaving Cambridge and lost touch completely. When I began playing club bridge some years later, it was no surprise to see that he had achieved fame in the bridge world. Cliff Pavelin, Oxford. MEMORIES (2) I have known Patrick for many years having been a kibitzer at many Camrose matches and also a board monitor. My enduring memory of his excellent card play was in the following, when he was declarer in a contract of 6♥ in a Camrose match in the 1980s (I think) against England in Wales. I was there as an England supporter. He held ♥K-10-8-7-62 and dummy held ♥A-9. He had to play this suit for just one loser. After much thought he played the ♥2 to the ♥9, when his left hand opponent (LHO) played low. His LHO held ♥Q-J-5-4. The whole vu-graph room, with many Welsh supporters was jumping for joy. Philip Watson by email. GLAD TO HEAR IT Excellent though your magazine is, I am only of rubber bridge standard, having had some classes in my late 60s. My memory used to be good, but I find the thought of duplicate and Chicago daunting to say the least. Some of your articles, though useful, are way above my level. Please remember us less experienced players too. I shall continue to subscribe and read and enjoy the bits I understand. Angela Clifford by email. Page 46 NOT MR BRIDGE I was most excited to see there is finally a Mr Bridge app for iPad and have just downloaded it. However, it does nothing to enhance the reputation of Mr Bridge and if I had not been to seminars and subscribed to your magazine, I would be asking for an immediate refund. Please would you explain when you are going to provide an update to make the app even remotely comparable to that of Omar Sharif’s. I am most disgruntled. Mrs Liz Bragg, Reading, Berks. Absolutely nothing to do with me whatsoever. BRIDGE IN OZ I live in Perth, Australia for nine months of the year and play bridge regularly. Unlike the situation in England, the popularity of the game is increasing. Most of the clubs here (of which there are many) belong to the Australian Bridge Federation, thus enabling them to allocate master points which provide an incentive. Most clubs have their own premises, are efficiently run and use the latest technology. Apart from this, however, I wonder if the main reason for bridge’s continued popularity could be that the majority of sessions take place in the afternoon, unlike in England where they are in the evening. From my experience, a large number of people take up bridge when they are older and have more time to spare. Certainly in Western Australia, such people are encouraged by the fact that they can enjoy their hobby in a safe environment with good parking facilities and above all, they can play during daylight hours. Could this be something worth pursuing? Margaret Williams by email. ANYONE FOR WHIST ‘The more you understand bridge, the fewer people you will enjoy playing the game with.’ I was shocked when I heard a well-known teacher tell his intermediate students this. But the more I think about it, the more I appreciate his point. For me, the fundamental flaw of bridge is coded into its partnership ethos: 1. The more information you can communicate to your partner, the more you will win. 2.Winning is a good thing. Bridge is not a partnership game like tennis or badminton where good players routinely pass secret signals to their partner. In those sports, making the right shot well is the really difficult thing, a technique acquired over years of training. In bridge, the equivalent physical action – that is, pulling a card out of your hand and placing it on the table – is no effort for 99% of players. It is the selection of the right card or bid that is the really difficult thing in bridge. As we have seen in recent years from the top bridge players who cheat, partner can illegally communicate information that makes this selection dilemma far less difficult. Like many games and sports which were originally invented as social pastimes, there is almost zero social content in the game when played at the highest level when winning is paramount, possibly for financial reasons. Diagonal screens and expressionless faces are almost mandatory. There is talk even of having players in separate rooms bidding and playing via electronic devices as if on the Internet. At the other end, the social game still exists as a post-dinner party activity, but in much lower numbers. Knowledge of the game is no longer the prerequisite it once was to building a social circle in a new neighbourhood. A love of bridge is not always passed on to the next generation: I know of many who will not touch the game because they recall as a child their parents arguing bitterly after an evening’s bridge. Caught in between these two extremes is the duplicate club, where prestige is the only prize to be gained from winning. It is immensely saddening to see a pair resort to cheating in this environment. But like your anonymous writer, I also believe there is a need for a far simpler set of rules and rectification procedures than the WBF currently offers. I almost think it wrong to encourage young players to learn the game today. In my days as a student, it barely mattered what quality of degree you got. The last thing a student today needs is to become addicted to a flawed game which could deprive him or her of a good degree. The ingredients needed for a good game of bridge – in particular, exactly four players of not-too-different ability – are becoming scarcer. While hundreds of thousands of youngsters are paying good money not only to play computer games but also to watch others play them, the bridge world must realise it cannot compete for their attention as a viewing entertainment. It could be that the take-up of bridge soon falls off a cliff, as youngsters – even those p50 presented with the BRIDGE December 2016 Answers to Bernard Magee’s Bidding Quizzes 10-12 on the Cover 10. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ K 4 ♠ 7 6 5 ♥ 7 6 N ♥ A K 8 5 3 WE ♦ 8 4 3 S ♦ K Q 2 ♣ A K J 7 6 5 ♣ Q 3 West North East South 1♣Pass1♥Pass 2♣Pass2♦Pass ? 2NT. Your partner has bid a second suit and so should have a decent hand: 10+ points. His new suit is forcing for one round, trying to get you to show a little more about your hand. The bid is similar to fourth suit forcing, but it is natural in that it shows strength in the suit bid. Your job is to contemplate the fourth suit, spades – have you a stopper? The answer is yes – your ♠K-4 constitutes a stopper, if you bid no-trumps – so go for it: 2NT. You are trying to help your partner decide the final contract. Your 2NT after your two club bids suggests long clubs along with a high card in spades. Your partner can raise to 3NT and you have reached the best contract. East’s 2♦ was a clever bid – ostensibly it is showing a four-card suit, but he was using it to guide the partnership to the best contract. 11. Dealer West. Love All. ♠3 ♠ 9 8 7 ♥ Q 2 N ♥ K J 7 6 5 WE ♦ A K 8 7 6 S ♦ 9 4 ♣ A K 8 4 2 ♣ Q 9 3 West North East South 1♦Pass1♥Pass 2♣Pass2♦Pass ? 3♣. You rebid 2♣ to keep the auction low, but you have a strong hand, particularly if you have a decent fit. The ♥Q is a BRIDGE December 2016 BERNARD MAGEE’S INTERACTIVE TUTORIAL CD valuable card (in partner’s suit), so with just five losers you should definitely pursue the chance of a game contract. Once again, try to bid your hand naturally, bidding clubs again to show equal length in your minors and encourage partner to choose the best fit – remember that your partner will often give preference to your first suit, thinking that it might be longer. With such a weak hand your partner will choose to pass 3♣, expecting game to be a step too far. DECLARER PLAY MAC or Windows 12. Dealer West. Love All. ♠ K Q 8 4 ♠ 9 2 ♥ K 2 N ♥ A Q J 5 3 WE ♦ 8 7 S ♦ 6 5 ♣ A K 6 5 4 ♣ Q J 7 3 West North East South 1♣Pass1♥Pass 1♠ Pass3♣Pass ? 3♦. Your partner’s jump to 3♣ shows an invitational hand with good club support. Holding a robust 15 HCP, you hope that game is on, but which one? If your partner can stop the diamond suit, then 3NT might be best: to find out if he can, you need to use fourth suit forcing. This time, it has come up a little later in the auction as one of the other suits has been bid twice. 3♦, with clubs agreed and the majors bid, is almost demanding that your partner bid 3NT if he has a diamond stopper. Here, East would rebid 3♥ to deny diamond strength and suggest hearts as an option. You could take East up on this offer: honour doubleton opposite a five-card holding might be a good contract: ten tricks are usually easier than eleven, so a raise to 4♥ would get you to the optimum contract. Fourth suit forcing tends to offer the partner flexibility in their choice of contract – forcing the auction and allowing the partnership to think together about ■ their options. Bernard develops your declarer play technique in the course of ten introductory exercises and 120 complete deals. l Suit Establishment in No-trumps l Suit Establishment in Suits lHold-ups l Ruffing for Extra Tricks l Entries in No-trumps £76 lDelaying Drawing Trumps l Using the Lead l Trump Control l Endplays & Avoidance l Using the Bidding Mr Bridge, Ryden Grange, Knaphill, Surrey GU21 2TH ( 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk/mrbridge-shop Page 47 Julian Pottage Answers your luxury bridge mat Just £24.99 Why is the UK Alm Weak and Fo plus £4.99 p & p H Thick woven surface makes an ideal playing surface and protects your table. Very popular with Bridge Clubs. 78cms wide so it fits a standard 80cms card table Padded table bag. £39.00 + £4.99 p&p Large enough to take a standard 80cms bridge table. Made from tough nylon with carrying straps and Velcro fixing. Ideal for storing or carrying your table. Order online or by phone www.designsforbridge.co.uk 01483 270 100 SR Designs for Bridge Unit A1, Send Business Park, Send, Woking, Surrey GU23 7EF Page 48 istory is probably part of the reason for the difference in system. People generally continue with what they learn and teach what they play, so once the majority of people are playing a particular system it tends to continue. Just as the UK is not alone in driving on the left, it is not alone in playing Acol, though playing Acol is rather less prevalent worldwide than driving on the left is. In the early days of Acol, the system featured a variable no-trump; weak non-vulnerable and strong vulnerable. Over time, players preferred not to be playing different methods at different vulnerabilities. Since playing a weak no-trump and four-card majors is a more natural system – you never have to open a three-card suit in preparation for a 1NT rebid – this is what has held sway. Both the Culbertson and Goren systems, as were very popular at one time in the USA, allowed four-card major openings. Modern American bidding, which has influenced systems across much of the world, features five-card majors. A strong no-trump opening has always been the norm in America. Over the last 10 years, an increasing number of players in the UK have switched to playing a strong no-trump and five-card majors. When I first moved from England to Wales 11 years ago, hardly anyone in England was playing strong and five. Nowadays, a significant minority at many clubs have switched. The fact that many international players are using strong and five has no doubt filtered down to tournament players and thence to club players. In the World Championship in Wroclaw, Gold-Bakhshi were playing five-card majors and a variable no-trump; the other two English open team pairs and all three English women’s team pairs were playing strong and five. Online bridge has also been a factor because strong and five is the norm online. With one regular partner, I play a weak no-trump and four-card majors. With another I play strong and five. I shall go through the advantages and disadvantages of each shortly. Overall, the technical advantage of one method over the other is small, although some would say small differences can be significant in the long run. For many, it is more a question of personal preference. When playing Acol, I do like to play a strong no-trump third in hand vulnerable, because game is unlikely with weak no-trump values facing a passed hand and the fourth player will quite often have enough to double a weak no-trump. A few people combine a weak notrump with five-card majors, as GoldBakhshi were doing non-vulnerable. If you can live with doing something offbeat on opening hands with a 4-44-1 shape and 12-14 points (either opening 1NT despite the singleton club or bidding the diamonds twice with four), you can certainly try that. As promised, here are some of the main pros and cons. I shall express this in terms of the weak no-trump and four-card major system that the majority of readers play: Advantages to weak and four 1.Opening 1NT as often as possible maximises the difficulty the opponents have in competing. If they wish to overcall, they have to overcall at the two level or higher. 2.Opening 1NT as often as possible, BRIDGE December 2016 Frequently Asked Questions most Alone in Playing our-Card Majors? since this limits opener’s shape and strength and maximises responder’s ease in judging the correct level and denomination. 3. Playing a natural rather than a prepared 1♣ opening helps responder judge how high to compete and perhaps what to lead if opener opens 1♣ and the auction becomes competitive. 4.Certain hands that are in the 15-17 range but with unsuitable shape for a strong 1NT opening, for example, a 1-4-5-3 15-count, are more or less impossible to bid using strong and five. You cannot sensibly open 1♦ and rebid 2♦ over 1♠ with 15 points. Nor, with the misfit, do you really want to stretch to a 2♥ reverse. Playing a weak no-trump, you can open 1♦ and rebid 1NT over a 1♠ response. 5.On 5332 hands in the 15-17 range, having the option to open a suit and rebid in no-trumps means that you rarely miss a 5-3 major suit fit. Playing a strong no-trump, unless you play five-card Stayman, you can miss a 5-3 fit (after opening 1NT), particularly if responder is 5-3 in the majors. Disadvantages to weak and four 1. If partner is weak, opponents might double a weak 1NT opening and extract a penalty. 2.Vulnerable at matchpoints, going two or three down even undoubled in 1NT tends to yield a poor score if the opponents cannot make game. 3.Opening 1NT means that you can miss a 4-4 major suit fit if responder is too weak to make a constructive Stayman enquiry. Although this BRIDGE December 2016 can happen with a strong no-trump opening too, hands in the 12-14 range are more common and responder needs less to make a constructive Stayman enquiry facing 15-17. 4. If the opponents compete over your major-suit opening, particularly if they jump, not knowing whether the opening bidder has four or five in the suit opened can cause responder problems. 5. Having a 12-14 hand declare, as will happen if you play in no-trumps or if responder uses a transfer, does not help as much as having a 1517 hand declare. The stronger the opening hand the more likely it is to contain tenaces and the more likely it is to be stronger than the responding hand. Playing in the European championships in Budapest, my partner and I were using a weak no-trump and four-card majors, conscious that in doing so we were playing against the field. We did not concede any massive penalties, though we had one or two close shaves. We did have one unlucky board when our auction went 1♠-2♥2NT-4♥ and the opponents scored a diamond ruff on the first trick. Most other pairs played that contract from the strong hand after a 1NT opening and some sort of transfer, thereby putting the hand with the void in diamonds on lead. I have not tried to convince you to switch method, partly because I think Gold and Bahkshi (not to mention the originators of the Acol system) have got it right in advocating a variable no-trump. The only problem with that is that you will have difficulty finding a partner who wants to do so! ■ BERNARD MAGEE’S INTERACTIVE TUTORIAL CD DEFENCE MAC or Windows Bernard develops your defence in the course of ten introductory exercises and 120 complete deals. l Lead vs No-trump Contracts l Lead vs Suit Contracts l Partner of Leader vs No-trump Contracts l Partner of Leader vs Suit Contracts lCount Signals lAttitude Signals £76 lDiscarding l Defensive Plan l Stopping Declarer l Counting the Hand Mr Bridge, Ryden Grange, Knaphill, Surrey GU21 2TH ( 01483 489961 www.mrbridge.co.uk/mrbridge-shop Page 49 CHARITY EVENTS JANUARY 2017 APRIL 2017 27 ST NEOTS CHORAL SOCIETY St Neots Outdoor Bowling Club. 10am for 10.30am start. £15. Jane Lambert ( 01480 861581 [email protected] 21 ST NEOTS MUSEUM Eacon Soton Church. 10am for 10.30am start. £15. Jean Searle( 01480 212298 FEBRUARY 2017 12 CHILDREN’S CHARITIES Doddington Village Hall, March. 10am for 10.30am start. £16. Val Topliss ( 01354 653696 17 FUNDRAISING Bridge drive at SportsAble, Braywick Sports Ground, Maidenhead, SL6 1BN. 1.15pm for 1.30pm start. Finish: 5.00pm. £30 per table to include excellent tea. Fun raffle. john.jenkins999 @btinternet.com 21 ST NEOTS ROTARY CLUB St Neots Outdoor Bowling Club. 10am for 10.30am start. £15. Val Corrigan ( 01480 213682 MARCH 2017 24 MS THERAPY CENTRE Village Hall, Hemingford Abbots. 10am for 10.30am start. £15. Jenny Lea ( 01480 455810. 30 RNLI Village Hall, Roxton, Beds. 10am for 10.30am start. £15. Catherine Wootton ( 01234 772127 ( 01234 870234 MAY 2017 JUNE 2017 16 GT STUKELEY CONSERVATIVE CLUB Village Hall, Gt Stukeley. 10am for 10.30am start. £15. Kay Brownlow ( 01480 880663 Sheila Stephenson ( 01480 457338 JULY 2017 14 GT BARFORD CHURCH Village Hall, Gt Barford, Beds. 10am for 10.30am start. £15. Graham Evans ( 01832 293693 Gill Wilkes ( 01234 870428 [email protected] OCTOBER 2017 6ST NEOTS MUSEUM St Neots Outdoor Bowling Club. 10am for 10.30am start. £15. Jean Searle( 01480 212298 E-mail your charity events: [email protected] Moments of Madness – Update (See BRIDGE 166, page 6) The case of the two American teams who sat the same way: it will be heard in Orlando, Florida, at the end of November 2016. The European Bridge League (EBL) has investigated the partnerships of Fisher-Schwartz (Israel), Fantoni-Nunes (Monaco) and Piekarek-Smirnov (Germany). The German pair were the only pair to have pleaded guilty. They are banned from EBL competitions for four years, and for life as a partnership. Former Italian players, Fantoni and Nunes are banned for five years, from playing together for life, and must pay the costs of the investigation. The same judgement has been made for the Israeli pair, Fisher and Schwartz. One other pair has been referred to the EBL disciplinary commission. Page 50 Gavin Wilson, Claygate, Surrey. write on it quite easily. However, why do they need to write down their answers anyway? There are only three questions on each column which are answered on separate pages. Surely they can retain three answers in their memory till they read the solutions? If they can’t remember their answers they will need to turn back to the cover every time they check an answer to see if they are correct. If you write them on a separate piece of paper you have them all in front of you when you read the solutions. It’s true that the glossy cover does reflect the light but that problem is easily resolved by just altering the angle you hold it. I regard the magazine as a work of art and would no sooner deface any of the pages than I would deface a valued painting. I think I have nearly all your excellent magazines since they first came out and there is not a mark on any of them. SOLUTION Ian Dalziel, Troon, Ayrshire. p46 opportunity – decide it is not worth the investment of their time and mental energies to learn a game which is losing critical mass among the people they want to socialise with. In conclusion, I have to say that, for disillusioned bridge players, there is much to be said for Diminishing Whist: it is a game for individuals, not partnerships. Each game contains a round of ‘bidding’ where the player who won the last hand nominates trumps, and each player then says how many tricks they hope to get, with the proviso that the last player to bid cannot name a number that rectifies the total number of tricks available. The game has several merits: you can apply intelligence, there’s plenty of room for bluff, and above all, it recaptures the spirit of fun which seems so sadly missing from bridge today. I love the glossy cover of the magazine and I’m sure most of the readers do, too. I am appalled that you may be changing it because a few people can’t be bothered to write their answers to the quiz on a piece of paper. I’m also shocked that anyone would deface the beautiful magazine by writing on the cover. However, if they really want to write on it, then a Staedtler permanent marker will A POINT OF VIEW The EBU and its fixation on duplicate to the exclusion of social rubber bridge in the UK and its preoccupation with rule minutiae, as evidenced in David Stevenson’s column, means potential players are scared off. Hence the game does not welcome newcomers. Mr Mike Bell, Axminster, Devon. ■ Write to Mr Bridge at: Ryden Grange, Knaphill, Surrey GU21 2TH or e-mail [email protected] E-mail correspondents are asked to include their name, full postal address, telephone number and to send no attachments. Letters may be edited for length and clarity. BRIDGE December 2016 NEW – 2017 AUTUMN BRIDGE CRUISE ITALIAN & ADRIATIC Venice Croatia Ancona Split Italy Adriatic Dubrovnik Urbino HIGHLIGHTS Rome Sea Pompeii Sorrento Brindisi albania Salerno Sarande Paestum Lecce Corfu Butrint greece Sicily Taormina Mediterranean Sea DEPARTS UK SEPTEMBER 15, 2017 SEP 15 Fly to ROME Italy Transfer to Civitavecchia and board Aegean Odyssey SEP 16 SORRENTO Italy (Pompeii & Herculaneum) overnight SEP 17 SORRENTO Italy overnight SEP 18 SORRENTO Italy Cruise past Capri and Amalfi Coast SALERNO Italy (Paestum) SEP 19 Cruise past Stromboli and through the Strait of Messina TAORMINA Sicily VENICE SEP 20 At Sea SEP 21 CORFU Greek Islands SARANDE Albania (Butrint) 13-day fly-cruise from £2,150 per person with Mr & Mrs Bridge SEP 22 LECCE Italy SEP 23 DUBROVNIK Croatia SEP 24 SPLIT Croatia Cruise around Italy to the pleasures of beautiful Sorrento and Sicily, and along the glorious Adriatic coast to Venice. Begin with an extended stay in Sorrento with time to explore the ruins of both Pompeii and Herculaneum. Sail past romantic Capri and south to Taormina with its magnificent Graeco-Roman theatre. Get a flavour of the Greek Islands in Corfu and visit charming Croatian ports en route to one of the world’s greatest destinations – Venice. SEP 25 URBINO Italy SEP 26 VENICE Italy AEG170915BR MR BRIDGE VALUE FARES Premium Inside from Standard Outside from Premium Outside from Odyssey Club Members enjoy an additional 5% discount on prices shown above. CALL NOW ON 01483 489961 OR VISIT www.mrbridge.co.uk Cabins can be held at no obligation for 7 days • • • • • • • • • • 10093 ABTA No.Y2206 overnight SEP 27 VENICE Italy Disembark and transfer to Venice Airport for flight home £2,295pp £2,650pp £2,795pp SINGLE SUPPLEMENT %† JUST 10 FARES INCLUDE: Scheduled economy class flights Expert guest speaker programme Mr Bridge drinks party Duplicate bridge every evening Morning seminars and afternoon bridge when at sea Sightseeing excursions in all ports of call All meals on board in choice of two restaurants Complimentary wine with dinner on board Gratuities for on-board cabin and restaurant staff Overseas transfers and baggage handling Mr Bridge fares are per person and subject to availability at time of booking. They may be withdrawn at any time without notice. Please see website for full terms and conditions. †Single accommodation is available only in certain categories and is subject to availability. NEW – 2017 AUTUMN BRIDGE CRUISE SEVILLE, MOROCCO & SPAIN Seville Jerez Malaga Cadiz Strait of Gibraltar Rabat CANARY ISLANDS Fez Casablanca Atlantic Ocean Morocco Marrakesh Agadir Taroudant Canary La Palma Islands Lanzarote Tenerife DEPARTS UK NOVEMBER 9, 2017 NOV 9 SEVILLE Fly to MALAGA Spain Transfer to Aegean Odyssey NOV 10 At Sea NOV 11 River cruising along the Guadalquivir River SEVILLE Spain overnight NOV 12 SEVILLE Spain 12-day fly-cruise from £1,795 per person with Mr & Mrs Bridge This fascinating journey takes you from Moorish Spain to the treasures of the Canary Islands and the very best of Morocco with a land tour to the great cities and sites, including hotels stays in Fez and Marrakesh. Cruise through the Strait of Gibraltar and inland to moor in the centre of Seville. Sailing out into the Atlantic Ocean, you’ll visit the sun-blessed Canary Islands and visit Lanzarote’s famous Fire Mountains and the verdant landscapes of La Palma. NOV 13 CADIZ Spain (Jerez) NOV 14 CASABLANCA/FEZ Morocco Morning drive to Fez for afternoon sightseeing NOV 15 FEZ/RABAT/CASABLANCA Morocco Morning drive to Rabat. Rejoin ship in Casablanca NOV 16 CASABLANCA/MARRAKESH Morocco Drive to Marrakesh for afternoon sightseeing NOV 17 MARRAKESH/AGADIR Morocco Rejoin ship in Agadir. Afternoon sightseeing to Taroudant NOV 18 LANZAROTE Canary Islands NOV 19 LA PALMA Canary Islands NOV 20 TENERIFE Canary Islands Disembark and transfer to Tenerife Airport for flight home Cabins can be held at no obligation for 7 days ABTA No.Y2206 hotel* MR BRIDGE VALUE FARES Standard Inside from Standard Outside from Premium Outside from • • • • • • • • • • • 10093 overnight AEG171109BR Odyssey Club Members enjoy an additional 5% discount on prices shown above. CALL NOW ON 01483 489961 OR VISIT www.mrbridge.co.uk hotel* £1,795pp £2,195pp £2,295pp SINGLE SUPPLEMENT %† JUST 10 FARES INCLUDE: Scheduled economy class flights One night hotel stay in both Fez and Marrakesh Expert guest speaker programme Mr Bridge drinks party Duplicate bridge every evening Morning seminars and afternoon bridge when at sea Sightseeing excursions in all ports of call All meals on board in choice of two restaurants Complimentary wine with dinner on board Gratuities for on-board cabin and restaurant staff Overseas transfers and baggage handling Mr Bridge fares are per person and subject to availability at time of booking. They may be withdrawn at any time without notice. Please see website for full terms and conditions. †Single accommodation is available only in certain categories and is subject to availability. *No bridge during hotel stays. Cruise the Danube to Vienna & Budapest aboard ms Serenity – October 2017 Join Sandy Bell & Team to celebrate the 30th anniversary of Mr Bridge on this exclusive river cruise 10 DAYS FROM £1099 IN ASSOCIATION WITH ms Serenity & Budapest ANNIVERSARY CRUISE Elbe IJsselmeer NETHERLANDS e Rh in The Danube Join Sandy Bell and her Team to celebrate the 30th anniversary of Mr Bridge Main aboard ms Serenity Rhin e M Cruise the Danube to Vienna & Budapest ar Neck os ell e Main Danube Canal CZECH REPUBLIC Ilz D anu Dürnstein be Inn Passau GERMANY start Melk Vienna SLOVAKIA Bratislava Budapest AUSTRIA SWITZERLAND By coach: 12-21 October 2017; by air: 13-20 October 2017 HUNGARY ITALY SLOVENIA CROATIA Discover the delights of the Danube as you enjoy seminars and daily bridge* on one of the most scenic journeys through the heart of Europe. From the pretty city of Passau on the Austrian border to the Hungarian capital of Budapest, we cruise in comfort and style aboard the ms BOSNIA & Serenity, passing through the beautiful scenery of the Wachau valley and dipping into the history and culture of amazing cities along the way. HERZEGOVINA With a full day in the musical city of Vienna and Budapest as well as a visit to the Slovakian capital of Bratislava, this is a wonderful opportunity SERBIA to sail the waters that are beautifully immortalised by the composer Strauss, in the classical waltz The Blue Danube. Day 1: UK – Germany (Coach) Travel by coach to Dover from your chosen departure point and take the ferry to Calais, where we continue to the overnight hotel. Day 2: Germany – Passau (Air) After breakfast we travel by coach and board our ship in Passau, known as ‘the three rivers city’ due to its unique location where the Danube, Inn and Ilz rivers meet. Those travelling by air join today. Safety briefing and welcome meeting from the ship and Sandy Bell as we set sail and cruise towards Melk. Vienna Day 3: Melk – Vienna This morning we arrive in the small town of Melk which lies in the beautiful Wachau valley. Here you can join an optional excursion to visit the most famous monastic house in Austria, the Benedictine Abbey, situated above Melk in the Wachau valley. Return to the ship late morning and enjoy afternoon bridge as we sail to Vienna for an overnight stop. Bratislava Castle This evening there will be a Mr Bridge pre-dinner drinks reception in the Lido Bar followed by dinner as we arrive in Vienna. Day 4: Vienna We spend a whole day in Vienna experiencing the delights of this beautiful city. In the morning you can join an optional city tour to experience its grand palaces, baroque castles, magnificent squares and striking monuments and after lunch on board we have an optional afternoon excursion to Schönbrunn Palace, or alternatively you may wish to join an afternoon bridge session. Enjoy evening bridge on board as we cast off and cruise towards Budapest. To book or for more information contact Mr Bridge 01483 489961 or visit www.mrbridge.co.uk YOUR CRUISE INCLUDES BY COACH Coach travel to Dover from selected local pick-ups Return ferry crossings from Dover 7 nights’ cruise on a full board basis 2 nights’ half board hotel accommodation BY AIR Return flights from London Heathrow or fly direct from Manchester or Birmingham at a £30pp supplement (subject to availability) Coach transfers between airport and ship 7 nights’ cruise on a full board basis 2017 date 12 October (coach) 13 October (air) Cabin prices per person Code Deck options Main Deck Middle Deck Panorama Deck No. of days 10 8 Ferry crossing/ airport Dover Heathrow Berth Tour code: DANUB By coach By air 2 2 2 £1099 £1249 £1399 £1149 £1299 £1449 All prices shown are per person; a limited number of cabins for sole occupancy are available with a reduced 25% supplement (thereafter 50% supplement applies). ___________________________________________ Travel Insurance – from £39.95 per person ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Deposit – £350 per person, payable to The River Cruise Line ___________________________________________ OPTIONAL DRINKS PACKAGE: £99 per person Includes house wines, house beers and soft drinks served in the restaurant at lunchtime and evenings *Bridge programme may be subject to change ms Serenity – restaurant EXCURSIONS Day 5: Budapest After breakfast there will be a bridge seminar in the Lounge Bar before we sail into Budapest with commentary on the city as we arrive. Then spend time in one of the world’s most beautiful cities and explore both sides of Hungary’s capital – traditional ‘Buda’ and cosmopolitan ‘Pest’. Start with an optional tour to become acquainted with the city known as the “pearl of the Danube” and in the evening you can choose to either play more bridge or experience Budapest by night on another optional excursion, enjoying a city tour, glass of wine and a folklore show in a local tavern. Day 6: Budapest Enjoy free time in Budapest or opt to take our excursion taking you through the sweeping plains of Hungary to Lajosmizse. Here we visit a traditional stud farm and enjoy a tour of the grounds in a horse-drawn carriage, before watching a live Puszta horse show. We then sail to Bratislava with a seminar and set hands in the afternoon followed by after-dinner bridge in the evening. Day 7: Bratislava Early morning arrival into Bratislava. After breakfast, join our optional walking tour to take in the sights of the Slovakian capital, dominated by its castle and unique suspension bridge, to experience its rich culture. Later in the day we set sail towards Dürnstein and there will be afternoon and evening bridge sessions. Day 8: Durnstein Dürnstein is crowned by the ruins of the castle that once imprisoned Richard the Lionheart. Join our optional walking tour to admire the pretty courtyards and buildings, before stopping at one of the Wachau valley’s wine cellars for some wine tasting. We then set sail for Passau with a bridge seminar to enjoy on the way and pre-dinner bridge in the Lounge bar. Preceding tonight’s 30th Anniversary Gala Dinner there will be a drinks party and prize-giving. Melk Abbey ..............................................................£21 Vienna city tour .....................................................£21 Schönbrunn Palace ..............................................£20 Budapest city tour ................................................£21 Budapest by night ................................................ £23 Puszta horse show ............................................... £32 Bratislava city tour ................................................£19 Dürnstein tour with wine tasting..................£26 Mr Bridge recommends you prebook at his special package price Saving per person £145 £38 Day 9: Passau – Germany (Coach) / UK (Air) Those travelling by coach disembark after breakfast and travel by coach to the overnight hotel. Those travelling by air also disembark this morning for their return flights to the UK. Day 10: Germany – UK (Coach) After breakfast you will continue by coach to Calais, taking the ferry to Dover for the return journey to your chosen pick-up/drop-off points. Gratuities – all gratuities are discretionary Please have your passport and insurance details to hand when calling to book Departure Points Avon Bath Bristol D9 D9 Bedfordshire Bedford Dunstable Luton D3 D4 D4 Berkshire Bracknell Chieveley Services Maidenhead Newbury Reading Slough Wokingham D9 D9 D9 D9 D9 D9 D9 Buckinghamshire Aylesbury High Wycombe Milton Keynes D4 D6 D4 Cambridgeshire Cambridge Huntingdon Peterborough D2 D2 D2 Cheshire Crewe Northwich D4 D4 Cornwall Bodmin Truro Liskeard D8 D8 D8 Derbyshire Derby D3 Devon Exeter Services Newton Abbot Paignton Plymouth Torquay D8 D8 D8 D8 D8 Dorset Bournemouth Christchurch Dorchester Poole Weymouth D10 D10 D10 D10 D10 Profile Essex Basildon Brentwood Chelmsford Clacton-on-Sea Colchester Harlow Romford Southend-on-Sea Thurrock Services Witham D1 D1 D1 D1 D1 D2 D1 D1 D1 D1 Gloucestershire Cheltenham Gloucester Tewkesbury D6 D6 D6 Greater London Bexleyheath Bromley Croydon Enfield Kingston-upon-Thames Richmond-upon-Thames Sutton Uxbridge D12 D9 D9 D3 D9 D9 D9 D9 Hampshire Aldershot Andover Basingstoke Cosham Cowplain Eastleigh Fareham Farnborough Fleet Services Havant Petersfield Portchester Portsmouth – The Hard Southampton Waterlooville Herefordshire Hereford Hertfordshire Birchanger Green Services Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Letchworth South Mimms Services Routes D1 to D12 – ferry crossings from Dover to Calais St Albans Stevenage Watford Welwyn Garden City D10 D10 D10 D11 D11 D10 D11 D10 D10 D11 D11 D11 D11 D10 D11 D6 D2 D3 D4 D3 D4 D4 D3 D6 D3 Oxfordshire Banbury Oxford Witney D4 D6 D6 Kent Ashford D12 Canterbury D12 Chatham D12 Dartford D12 Deal D12 Faversham D12 Folkestone D12 Gillingham D12 Herne Bay D12 Maidstone Services D9 D10 D12 Margate D12 Medway Services D1 D3 D4 D12 Orpington D9 Ramsgate D12 Rochester D12 Sevenoaks D10 Sittingbourne D12 Tunbridge Wells D10 Whitstable D12 Shropshire Oswestry Shrewsbury Telford D5 D5 D5 Suffolk Bury St Edmunds Felixstowe Ipswich Lowestoft D1 D1 D1 D1 Leicestershire Leicester Forest East Services Loughborough Lutterworth Market Harborough D3 D3 D4 D3 Lincolnshire Grantham Lincoln D2 D2 Surrey Camberley Dorking Epsom Godalming Guildford Leatherhead Reigate Staines Woking D10 D10 D10 D10 D10 D10 D10 D9 D10 Norfolk Great Yarmouth Norwich Thetford D1 D1 D1 Northamptonshire Kettering Northampton Wellingborough D3 D4 D3 Sussex (East) Bexhill Brighton Eastbourne Hastings Hove D11 D11 D11 D11 D11 Nottinghamshire Mansfield Newark Nottingham D3 D2 D3 Sussex (West) Bognor Regis Burgess Hill Chichester Crawley Haywards Heath Littlehampton Worthing D11 D11 D11 D10 D11 D11 D11 Somerset Bridgwater Services D8 Taunton Deane Services D8 Weston-super-Mare D8 Staffordshire Cannock Lichfield Stafford Stoke-on-Trent Tamworth D4 D4 D4 D4 D4 Passengers using our complimentary coach transfer service should be aware this may involve an early departure/late return. This may on occasion be the day before the Lounge Bar Panorama Deckfor those who live a long way from the port. Regional departures are subject to availability and are operated subject to date of departure/day after the date of return Reception Middle Deck Restaurant minimum numbers of people. Main Deck Warwickshire Nuneaton Rugby Stratford-upon-Avon West Midlands Birmingham Coventry Hopwood Park Services M42 Solihull Sutton Coldfield Walsall Wolverhampton *SW Birmingham to service Bromsgrove & Redditch area D4 D4 D4 D4 D4 D4* D4 D4 D4 D4 Wiltshire Swindon D9 Worcestershire Evesham Kidderminster Malvern Link Worcester D6 D6 D6 D6 Yorkshire (South) Barnsley Doncaster Rotherham Sheffield D3 D3 D3 D3 North Wales Wrexham D5 South Wales Bridgend Cardiff Cardiff West Services Carmarthen Llanelli Magor Services Neath Newport Port Talbot Swansea D7 D7 D7 D7 D7 D7 D7 D7 D7 D7 TRAVEL BY AIR Outward: Heathrow to Munich 08:55/11:45 Return: Munich to Heathrow 16:25/17:25 Regional departures from Manchester or Birmingham subject to availability at £30pp supplement – ask for details Please note: All details are provisional & subject to confirmation. MS SERENITY – DECK PLAN Sun Deck Deck Panorama Deck 335 333 331 329 327 325 323 321 319 317 315 313 311 309 307 305 303 301 Panorama Deck Lounge Bar Berth Cabin facilities 2 Shower/WC 2 Shower/WC 2 Shower/WC Middle Deck 336 334 332 330 328 326 324 322 320 318 316 314 312 310 308 306 304 302 Lido Bar Middle Deck Restaurant 232 230 228 226 224 222 220 218 216 214 212 210 208 206 204 202 231 229 227 225 223 221 219 217 215 213 211 209 207 205 203 201 Main Deck Reception 128 126 124 122 120 118 116 114 112 110 108 106 104 102 PB0350b 127 125 123 121 119 117 115 113 111 109 107 105 103 101 Main Deck Main Deck Middle Deck Panorama Deck To book or for more information contact Mr Bridge 01483 489961 or visit www.mrbridge.co.uk Please have your passport and insurance details to hand when calling to book. You will need to accept the terms & conditions when making your booking – for full terms & conditions visit the Mr Bridge website or call for a copy.
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project