Worksheet 1 - Growing with Grammar

Worksheet 1 - Growing with Grammar
Chapter 2 - Adjectives and Adverbs
Lesson 11
Predicate Adjectives
A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verb to describe the subject
of the sentence. On a sentence diagram, place the predicate adjective on the same line
with the subject and linking verb. The predicate adjective is separated from the linking
verb by a short diagonal line that does not break through the horizontal line.
subject
Examples:
linking verb
predicate adjective
Elizabeth is beautiful.
↑
↑
↑
Subject Linking Predicate
Verb Adjective
Elizabeth
is
beautiful
The pizza tastes delicious.
↑
↑
↑
Subject Linking Predicate
Verb Adjective
pizza
tastes
delicious
Th
e
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37
Chapter 2 - Adjectives and Adverbs
A. Diagram the subject, linking verb, and predicate adjective in these sentences.
Make sure to diagram any articles and adjectives in each sentence as well.
1. That tall dancer is graceful.
2. My younger sister seems sad.
3. Those boys are talented.
4. The yellow cheese smells fresh.
Copyright 2012 Digging Into Diagramming. All Rights Reserved.
38
Chapter 2 - Adjectives and Adverbs
On a sentence diagram, place each adjective of a compound predicate adjective after
the diagonal line on horizontal lines, one above the other, joined by diagonal lines. Place
the conjunction on a dotted line that connects the predicate adjective lines.
predicate adjective
Examples:
conjunction
subject
linking verb
predicate adjective
That lasagna tastes hot and delicious.
↑
↑
↑
↑
Subject Linking Predicate
Verb Adjective
Predicate
Adjective
hot
tastes
and
lasagna
Th
at
delicious
Remember, if the sentence has more then two predicate adjectives, the conjunction is
moved to the other side of the dotted line.
The basketball is deflated, damaged, and useless.
↑
↑
↑
↑
↑
Subject Linking Predicate
Verb Adjective
Predicate
Adjective
Predicate
Adjective
basketball
is
Th
e
Copyright 2012 Digging Into Diagramming. All Rights Reserved.
and
deflated
damaged
useless
39
Chapter 2 - Adjectives and Adverbs
B. Diagram the subject, linking verb, and each predicate adjective in these sentences.
Make sure to diagram any articles and adjectives in each sentence as well.
1. The new car was black and red.
2. This old, brown blanket feels hot and scratchy.
3. My father was hungry, thirsty, and tired.
4. The milk smelled old, sour, and disgusting.
Copyright 2012 Digging Into Diagramming. All Rights Reserved.
40
Chapter 6 - Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences
Lesson 32
Compound Sentences
A sentence that consists of two or more related independent clauses is a compound
sentence. The clauses of a compound sentence may be joined by both a comma and a
coordinating conjunction or a semicolon.
Each independent clause of a compound sentence is diagrammed as a separate
sentence, one above the other. Next, join both clauses with a dotted line. If a
conjunction
conjunction joins the clauses, place it on the dotted line.
Examples:
subject verb
subject verb
Joanne read a book, but my brother wrote a poem.
↑
↑
↑
Independent
Clause
Conjunction
Independent
Clause
Joanne read book
but
a
brother wrote poem
y
a
m
We visited the museum today, and we saw a new exhibit.
↑
↑
↑
Independent
Clause
Conjunction
We
visited museum
saw
and
e
th
y
da
to
we
Independent
Clause
exhibit
ne
a
w
Copyright 2012 Digging Into Diagramming. All Rights Reserved.
114
Chapter 6 - Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences
If a semicolon joins the clauses of a compound sentence, then nothing is placed on
the dotted line.
subject verb
subject verb
Examples:
Christopher cut his arm; he needs medication.
↑
↑
↑
Independent
Clause
Semicolon
Independent
Clause
cut
Chrisopher
arm
s
hi
needs medication
he
Elizabeth watched a movie; her friends attended the ballet.
↑
↑
↑
Independent
Clause
Semicolon
Independent
Clause
Elizabeth watched
movie
a
friends
attended
e
th
r
he
Copyright 2012 Digging Into Diagramming. All Rights Reserved.
ballet
115
Chapter 6 - Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences
Occasionally, the clauses of a compound sentence are joined by a semicolon and a
conjunctive adverb followed by a comma.
When a semicolon and a conjunctive adverb join the clauses of a compound
sentence, then nothing is placed on the dotted line of the diagram and the conjunctive
adverb is diagrammed in the adverb position on the second clause.
subject verb
subject verb
e
iv
ct
un rb
nj ve
co ad
Examples: Jeremy took the wrong road; consequently, he missed his appointment.
↑
↑
↑
↑
Independent
Clause
Semicolon Conjunctive
Adverb
Jeremy
took
he
missed
Independent
Clause
road
ng
ro
w
e
th
appointment
s
hi
ly
nt
ue
eq
ns
co
Sally will cook the hamburgers; meanwhile, Joe will make the coleslaw.
↑
↑
↑
↑
Independent
Clause
Semicolon Conjunctive
Adverb
Sally
Independent
Clause
will cook hamburgers
e
th
Joe
will make
e
th
le
hi
nw
ea
m
Copyright 2012 Digging Into Diagramming. All Rights Reserved.
coleslaw
116
Chapter 6 - Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex Sentences
A. Diagram these compound sentences.
1. Marcus studied, and he passed the test.
2. Sally is a great person; she is my friend.
3. I wanted the red bicycle; however, I bought the black skateboard.
4. We ate dinner, and Charlie washed the dishes.
Copyright 2012 Digging Into Diagramming. All Rights Reserved.
117
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