53 ,3 user`s manual

53 ,3 user`s manual
53,3
USER’S MANUAL
User’s Manual
Copyright
The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in any part or as a whole, stored, transcribed in
an information retrieval system, translated into any language, or transmitted in any form or by any
means, mechanical, magnetic, electronic, optical, photocopying, manual, or otherwise, without the
prior written permission.
Trademarks
All product, company, brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
companies. They are used for identification purpose only. Specifications are subject to be changed
without prior notice.
FCC Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against radio interference in a commercial environment. This equipment can generate, use and radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions in this manual,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential
area is likely to cause interference, in which case the user, at his own expense, will be required to take
whatever measures are necessary to correct the interference.
CE Declaration of Conformity
This equipment complies with the requirements relating to electromagnetic compatibility, EN
55022/A1 Class B
.
The specification is subject to change without notice.
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction ........................................................................... 3
Functions and Features...................................................................... 3
Packing List ...................................................................................... 5
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation............................................................. 6
2.1 Panel Layout ............................................................................... 6
2.2 Procedure for Hardware Installation ............................................ 8
Chapter 3 Network Settings and Software Installation............................ 9
3.1 Make Correct Network Settings of Your Computer...................... 9
Chapter 4 Configuring Broadband Router ............................................ 10
4.1 Start-up and Log in.................................................................... 11
4.2 Status ........................................................................................ 12
4.3 Wizard....................................................................................... 13
4.4 Basic Setting ............................................................................. 14
4.5 Forwarding Rules ...................................................................... 21
4.6 Security Settings ....................................................................... 25
4.7 Advanced Settings ..................................................................... 39
4.8 Toolbox..................................................................................... 51
Appendix A TCP/IP Configuration for Windows 95/98 ....................... 56
Appendix B FAQ and Troubleshooting................................................ 62
Reset to factory Default................................................................... 62
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Congratulations on your purchase of this outstanding Broadband Router. This product is specifically
designed for Small Office and Home Office needs. It provides a complete SOHO solution for Internet
surfing, and is easy to configure and operate even for non-technical users. Instructions for installing
and configuring this product can be found in this manual. Before you install and use this product,
please read this manual carefully for fully exploiting the functions of this product.
Functions and Features
Router Basic functions
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Broadband modem and NAT Router
Connects multiple computers to a broadband (cable or DSL) modem or an Ethernet router
to surf the Internet.
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Auto-sensing Ethernet Switch
Equipped with a 4-port auto-sensing Ethernet switch.
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Wan type supported
The router supports some wan types, Static ,Dynamic, PPPOE ,PPTP , Dynamic IP with
Road Runner.
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Firewall
All unwanted packets from outside intruders are blocked to protect your Intranet.
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DHCP server supported
All of the networked computers can retrieve TCP/IP settings automatically from this
product.
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Web-based configuring
Configurable through any networked computer’s web browser using Netscape or Internet
Explorer.
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Virtual Server supported
Enables you to expose WWW, FTP and other services on your LAN to be accessible to
Internet users.
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User-Definable Application Sensing Tunnel
User can define the attributes to support the special applications requiring multiple
connections, like Internet gaming, video conferencing, Internet telephony and so on, then
this product can sense the application type and open multi-port tunnel for it.
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DMZ Host supported
Lets a networked computer be fully exposed to the Internet; this function is used when
special application sensing tunnel feature is insufficient to allow an application to function
correctly.
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Statistics of WAN Supported
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Enables you to monitor inbound and outbound packets
Security functions
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Packet filter supported
Packet Filter allows you to control access to a network by analyzing the incoming and
outgoing packets and letting them pass or halting them based on the IP address of the source
and destination.
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Domain Filter Supported
Let you prevent users under this device from accessing specific URLs.
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URL Blocking Supported
URL Blocking can block hundreds of websites connection by simply a keyword.
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VPN Pass-through
The router also support vpn pass-through.
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SPI Mode Supported
When SPI Mode is enabled, the router will check every incoming packet to detect if this
packet is valid.
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DoS Attack Detection Supported
When this feature is enabled, the router will detect and log the DoS attack comes from
The Internet.
Advanced functions
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System time Supported
Allow you to synchronize system time with network time server.
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E-mail Alert Supported
The router can send its info by mail.
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Dynamic dns Supported
At present,the router has 3 ddns.dyndns,TZO.com and dhs.org.
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SNMP Supported
The router supports basic snmp function.
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Routing Table Supported
Now, the router supports static routing.
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Schedule Rule supported
Customers can control some functions, like virtual server and packet filters when to
Access or when to block.
Other functions
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UPNP (Universal Plug and Play)Supported
The router also supports this function. The applications: X-box, Msn Messenger.
Packing List
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Broadband router unit
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Installation CD-ROM
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Power adapter
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CAT-5 UTP Fast Ethernet cable
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2.1 Panel Layout
2.1.1. Front Panel
LED:
LED
Function
Color
Status
Description
On
Power is being applied to this product.
Power
POWER
indication
Green
System
Status
status
M1 is flashed once per second to
Green
Blinking
indicators
is busy, M2 is lighted.
On
WAN
WAN port
indicate system is alive. When system
The WAN port is linked.
Green
activity
The WAN port is sending or receiving
Blinking
data.
To reset system settings to factory
Reset
M1
Green
Flashing
defaults
An active station is connected to the
On
corresponding LAN port.
Link/Act.
1~4
Link status
Green
The corresponding LAN port is
Blinking
10/100
Data Rate
Green
sending or receiving data.
Data is transmitting in 100Mbps on
On
the corresponding LAN port.
※For details, please refer to Appendix D FAQ and Troubleshooting.
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2.1.2. Rear Panel
Ports:
Port
Description
9VAC
Power inlet: AC9V, 1A
WAN
the port where you will connect your cable (or DSL) modem or
Ethernet router.
Port 1-4
the ports where you will connect networked computers and other
devices.
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2.2 Procedure for Hardware Installation
1. Decide where to place your Broadband Router
You can place your Broadband Router on a desk or other flat surface, or you can mount it on a
wall. For optimal performance, place your Broadband Router in the center of your office (or your
home) in a location that is away from any potential source of interference, such as a metal wall or
microwave oven. This location must be close to power and network connection.
1. Setup LAN connection
a. Wired LAN connection: connects an Ethernet cable from your computer’s Ethernet port to one
of the LAN ports of this product.
Figure 2-3 Setup of LAN and WAN connections for this product.
3. Setup WAN connection
Prepare an Ethernet cable for connecting this product to your cable/xDSL modem or Ethernet
backbone. Figure 2-3 illustrates the WAN connection.
4. Power on
Connecting the power cord to power inlet and turning the power switch on, this product will
automatically enter the self-test phase. When it is in the self-test phase, the indicators M1 will be
lighted ON for about 10 seconds, and then M1&M2 will be flashed 3 times to indicate that the
self-test operation has finished. Finally, the M1 will be continuously flashed once per second to
indicate that this product is in normal operation.
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To use this product correctly, you have to properly configure the network settings of your computers
and install the attached setup program into your MS Windows platform (Windows 95/98/NT/2000).
3.1 Make Correct Network Settings of Your Computer
The default IP address of this product is 192.168.123.254, and the default subnet mask is
255.255.255.0. These addresses can be changed on your need, but the default values are used in this
manual. If the TCP/IP environment of your computer has not yet been configured, you can refer to
Appendix A to configure it. For example,
1. configure IP as 192.168.123.1, subnet mask as 255.255.255.0 and gateway as
192.168.123.254, or more easier,
2. configure your computers to load TCP/IP setting automatically, that is, via DHCP server of
this product.
After installing the TCP/IP communication protocol, you can use the ping command to check if your
computer has successfully connected to this product. The following example shows the ping procedure
for Windows 95 platforms. First, execute the ping command
ping 192.168.123.254
If the following messages appear:
Pinging 192.168.123.254 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.168.123.254: bytes=32 time=2ms TTL=64
a communication link between your computer and this product has been successfully established.
Otherwise, if you get the following messages,
Pinging 192.168.123.254 with 32 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
There must be something wrong in your installation procedure. You have to check the following items
in sequence:
1.
Is the Ethernet cable correctly connected between this product and your computer?
Tip: The LAN LED of this product and the link LED of network card on your computer must be
lighted.
2.
Is the TCP/IP environment of your computers properly configured?
Tip: If the IP address of this product is 192.168.123.254, the IP address of your computer must
be 192.168.123.X and default gateway must be 192.168.123.254.
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This product provides Web based configuration scheme, that is, configuring by your Web browser,
such as Netscape Communicator or Internet Explorer. This approach can be adopted in any MS
Windows, Macintosh or UNIX based platforms.
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4.1 Start-up and Log in
Activate your browser, and disable the proxy or add the IP address of this product into the
exceptions. Then, type this product’s IP address in the Location (for Netscape) or Address (for IE)
field and press ENTER. For example: http://192.168.123.254.
After the connection is established, you will see the web user interface of this product. There are two
appearances of web user interface: for general users and for system administrator.
To log in as an administrator, enter the system password (the factory setting is ”admin”) in the System
Password field and click on the Log in button. If the password is correct, the web appearance will be
changed into administrator configure mode. As listed in its main menu, there are several options for
system administration.
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4.2 Status
This option provides the function for observing this product’s working status:
.
WAN Port Status.
If the WAN port is assigned a dynamic IP, there may appear a “Renew” or “Release” button
on the Sidenote column. You can click this button to renew or release IP manually.
.
Statistics of WAN: enables you to monitor inbound and outbound packets
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4.3 Wizard
Setup Wizard will guide you through a basic configuration procedure step by step.Press ”Next >”
Setup Wizard - Select WAN Type: For detail settings, please refer to 4.4.1 primary setup.
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4.4 Basic Setting
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4.4.1 Primary Setup – WAN Type, Virtual Computers
Press “Change”
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This option is primary to enable this product to work properly. The setting items and the web
appearance depend on the WAN type. Choose correct WAN type before you start.
1.
LAN IP Address: the local IP address of this device. The computers on your network must use the
LAN IP address of your product as their Default Gateway. You can change it if necessary.
2.
WAN Type: WAN connection type of your ISP. You can click Change button to choose a correct
one from the following four options:
.
Static IP Address: ISP assigns you a static IP address.
.
Dynamic IP Address: Obtain an IP address from ISP automatically.
.
Dynamic IP Address with Road Runner Session Management.(e.g. Telstra BigPond)
.
PPP over Ethernet: Some ISPs require the use of PPPoE to connect to their services.
.
PPTP: Some ISPs require the use of PPTP to connect to their services.
4.4.1.1 Static IP Address
WAN IP Address, Subnet Mask, Gateway, Primary and Secondary DNS: enter the proper setting
provided by your ISP.
4.4.1.2 Dynamic IP Address
1.
Host Name: optional. Required by some ISPs, for example, @Home.
2.
Renew IP Forever: this feature enables this product to renew your IP address automatically when
the lease time is expiring-- even when the system is idle.
4.4.1.3 Dynamic IP Address with Road Runner Session Management.(e.g. Telstra BigPond)
1.
LAN IP Address is the IP address of this product. It must be the default gateway of your
computers.
2.
WAN Type is Dynamic IP Address. If the WAN type is not correct, change it!
3.
Host Name: optional. Required by some ISPs, e.g. @Home.
4.
Renew IP Forever: this feature enable this product renew IP address automatically when the
lease time is being expired even the system is in idle state.
4.4.1.4 PPP over Ethernet
1.
PPPoE Account and Password: the account and password your ISP assigned to you. For security,
this field appears blank. If you don't want to change the password, leave it empty.
2.
PPPoE Service Name: optional. Input the service name if your ISP requires it. Otherwise, leave
it blank.
3.
Maximum Idle Time: the amount of time of inactivity before disconnecting your PPPoE session.
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Set it to zero or enable Auto-reconnect to disable this feature.
4.
Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU): Most ISP offers MTU value to users. The most
common
MTU value is 1492.
4.4.1.5 PPTP
1.
My IP Address and My Subnet Mask: the private IP address and subnet mask your ISP assigned
to you.
2.
Server IP Address: the IP address of the PPTP server.
3.
PPTP Account and Password: the account and password your ISP assigned to you. If you don't
want to change the password, keep it empty.
3.
Connection ID: optional. Input the connection ID if your ISP requires it.
4.
Maximum Idle Time: the time of no activity to disconnect your PPTP session. Set it to zero or
enable Auto-reconnect to disable this feature. If Auto-reconnect is enabled, this product will
automatically connect to ISP after system is restarted or connection is dropped.
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4.4.1.7 Virtual Computers
Virtual Computer enables you to use the original NAT feature, and allows you to setup the one-to-one
mapping of multiple global IP address and local IP address.
•
Global IP: Enter the global IP address assigned by your ISP.
•
Local IP: Enter the local IP address of your LAN PC corresponding to the global IP address.
•
Enable: Check this item to enable the Virtual Computer feature.
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4.4.2 DHCP Server
Press “More>>”
The settings of a TCP/IP environment include host IP, Subnet Mask, Gateway, and DNS configurations.
It is not easy to manually configure all the computers and devices in your network. Fortunately, DHCP
Server provides a rather simple approach to handle all these settings. This product supports the
function of DHCP server. If you enable this product’s DHCP server and configure your computers as
“automatic IP allocation” mode, then when your computer is powered on, it will automatically load the
proper TCP/IP settings from this product. The settings of DHCP server include the following items:
1.
DHCP Server: Choose “Disable” or “Enable.”
2.
Lease Time: this feature allows you to configure IP’s lease time (DHCP client).
3.
IP pool starting Address/ IP pool starting Address: Whenever there is a request, the DHCP
server will automatically allocate an unused IP address from the IP address pool to the
requesting computer. You must specify the starting and ending address of the IP address pool.
4.
Domain Name: Optional, this information will be passed to the client.
5.
Primary DNS/Secondary DNS: This feature allows you to assign DNS Servers
6.
Primary WINS/Secondary WINS: This feature allows you to assign WINS Servers
7.
Gateway: The Gateway Address would be the IP address of an alternate Gateway.
This function enables you to assign another gateway to your PC, when DHCP server offers an
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IP to your PC.
4.4.4 Change Password
You can change Password here. We strongly recommend you to change the system password for
security reason.
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4.5 Forwarding Rules
4.5.1 Virtual Server
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This product’s NAT firewall filters out unrecognized packets to protect your Intranet, so all hosts
behind this product are invisible to the outside world. If you wish, you can make some of them
accessible by enabling the Virtual Server Mapping.
A virtual server is defined as a Service Port, and all requests to this port will be redirected to the
computer specified by the Server IP.
Virtual Server can work with Scheduling Rules, and give
user more flexibility on Access control. For Detail, please refer to Scheduling Rule.
For example, if you have an FTP server (port 21) at 192.168.123.1, a Web server (port 80) at
192.168.123.2, and a VPN server at 192.168.123.6, then you need to specify the following virtual
server mapping table:
Service Port
Server IP
Enable
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192.168.123.1
V
80
192.168.123.2
V
1723
192.168.123.6
V
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4.5.2 Special AP
Some applications require multiple connections, like Internet games, Video conferencing, Internet
telephony, etc. Because of the firewall function, these applications cannot work with a pure NAT router.
The Special Applications feature allows some of these applications to work with this product. If the
mechanism of Special Applications fails to make an application work, try setting your computer as the
DMZ host instead.
1.
Trigger: the outbound port number issued by the application..
2.
Incoming Ports: when the trigger packet is detected, the inbound packets sent to the specified
port numbers are allowed to pass through the firewall.
This product provides some predefined settings Select your application and click Copy to to add the
predefined setting to your list.
Note! At any given time, only one PC can use each Special Application tunnel.
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4.5.3 Miscellaneous Items
IP Address of DMZ Host
DMZ (DeMilitarized Zone) Host is a host without the protection of firewall. It allows a computer to be
exposed to unrestricted 2-way communication for Internet games, Video conferencing, Internet
telephony and other special applications.
NOTE: This feature should be used only when needed.
Non-standard FTP port
You have to configure this item if you want to access an FTP server whose port number is not 21. This
setting will be lost after rebooting.
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4.6 Security Settings
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4.6.1 Packet Filter
Packet Filter enables you to control what packets are allowed to pass the router. Outbound filter applies
on all outbound packets. However, Inbound filter applies on packets that destined to Virtual Servers or
DMZ host only. You can select one of the two filtering policies:
1.
Allow all to pass except those match the specified rules
2.
Deny all to pass except those match the specified rules
You can specify 8 rules for each direction: inbound or outbound. For each rule, you can define the
following:
•
Source IP address
•
Source port address
•
Destination IP address
•
Destination port address
•
Protocol: TCP or UDP or both.
•
Use Rule#
For source or destination IP address, you can define a single IP address (4.3.2.1) or a range of IP
addresses (4.3.2.1-4.3.2.254). An empty implies all IP addresses.
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For source or destination port, you can define a single port (80) or a range of ports (1000-1999). Add
prefix "T" or "U" to specify TCP or UDP protocol. For example, T80, U53, U2000-2999. No prefix
indicates both TCP and UDP are defined. An empty implies all port addresses. Packet Filter can work
with Scheduling Rules, and give user more flexibility on Access control. For Detail, please refer to
Scheduling Rule.
Each rule can be enabled or disabled individually.
Inbound Filter:
To enable Inbound Packet Filter click the check box next to Enable in the Inbound Packet Filter
field.
Suppose you have SMTP Server (25), POP Server (110), Web Server (80), FTP Server (21), and News
Server (119) defined in Virtual Server or DMZ Host.
Example 1:
(1.2.3.100-1.2.3.149) They are allow to send mail (port 25), receive mail (port 110), and browse the
Internet (port 80)
(1.2.3.10-1.2.3.20) They can do everything (block nothing)
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Others are all blocked.
Example 2:
(1.2.3.100-1.2.3.119) They can do everything except read net news (port 119) and transfer files via FTP
(port 21)
Others are all allowed.
After Inbound Packet Filter setting is configured, click the save button.
Outbound Filter:
To enable Outbound Packet Filter click the check box next to Enable in the Outbound Packet
Filter field.
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Example 1:
(192.168.123.100-192.168.123.149) They are allowed to send mail (port 25), receive mail (port 110),
and browse Internet (port 80); port 53 (DNS) is necessary to resolve the domain name.
(192.168.123.10-192.168.123.20) They can do everything (block nothing)
Others are all blocked.
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Example 2:
(192.168.123.100-192.168.123.119) They can do everything except read net news (port 119) and
transfer files via FTP (port 21)
Others are allowed
After Outbound Packet Filter setting is configured, click the save button.
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4.6.2 Domain Filter
Domain Filter
let you prevent users under this device from accessing specific URLs.
Domain Filter Enable
Check if you want to enable Domain Filter.
Log DNS Query
Check if you want to log the action when someone accesses the specific URLs.
Privilege IP Addresses Range
Setting a group of hosts and privilege these hosts to access network without restriction.
Domain Suffix
A suffix of URL to be restricted. For example, ".com", "xxx.com".
Action
When someone is accessing the URL met the domain-suffix, what kind of action you want.
Check drop to block the access. Check log to log these access.
Enable
Check to enable each rule.
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Example:
In this example:
1. URL include “www.msn.com” will be blocked, and the action will be record in log-file.
2. URL include “www.sina.com” will not be blocked, but the action will be record in log-file.
3. URL include “www.google.com” will be blocked, but the action will not be record in log-file.
4. IP address X.X.X.1~ X.X.X.20 can access network without restriction.
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4.6.3 URL Blocking
URL Blocking will block LAN computers to connect to pre-defined Websites.
The major difference between “Domain filter” and “URL Blocking” is Domain filter require user to
input suffix (like .com or .org, etc), while URL Blocking require user to input a keyword only. In other
words, Domain filter can block specific website, while URL Blocking can block hundreds of websites
by simply a keyword.
URL Blocking Enable
Checked if you want to enable URL Blocking.
URL
If any part of the Website's URL matches the pre-defined word, the connection will be blocked.
For example, you can use pre-defined word "sex" to block all websites if their URLs contain
pre-defined word "sex".
Enable
Checked to enable each rule.
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In this example:
1.URL include “msn” will be blocked, and the action will be record in log-file.
2.URL include “sina” will be blocked, but the action will be record in log-file
3.URL include “cnnsi” will not be blocked, but the action will be record in log-file.
4. URL include “espn” will be blocked, but the action will be record in log-file
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4.6.4 MAC Address Control
MAC Address Control allows you to assign different access right for different users and to assign a
specific IP address to a certain MAC address.
MAC Address Control Check “Enable” to enable the “MAC Address Control”. All of the
settings in this page will take effect only when “Enable” is checked.
Connection control
Check "Connection control" to enable the controlling of which wired can
connect to this device. If a client is denied to connect to this device, it
means the client can't access to the Internet either. Choose "allow" or
"deny" to allow or deny the clients, whose MAC addresses are not in the
"Control table" (please see below), to connect to this device.
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Control table
"Control table" is the table at the bottom of the "MAC Address Control"
page. Each row of this table indicates the MAC address and the expected
IP address mapping of a client. There are four columns in this table:
MAC Address
MAC address indicates a specific client.
IP Address
Expected IP address of the corresponding
client. Keep it empty if you don't care its IP
address.
C
When "Connection control" is checked,
check "C" will allow the corresponding client
to connect to this device.
In this page, we provide the following Combobox and button to help you to input the MAC address.
You can select a specific client in the “DHCP clients” Combobox, and then click on the “Copy to”
button to copy the MAC address of the client you select to the ID selected in the “ID” Combobox.
Previous page and Next Page
To make this setup page simple and clear, we have divided the
“Control table” into several pages. You can use these buttons to
navigate to different pages.
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4.6.5 Miscellaneous Items
Remote Administrator Host/Port
In general, only Intranet user can browse the built-in web pages to perform administration task. This
feature enables you to perform administration task from remote host. If this feature is enabled, only the
specified IP address can perform remote administration. If the specified IP address is 0.0.0.0, any host
can connect to this product to perform administration task. You can use subnet mask bits "/nn" notation
to specified a group of trusted IP addresses. For example, "10.1.2.0/24".
NOTE: When Remote Administration is enabled, the web server port will be shifted to 88. You can
change web server port to other port, too.
Administrator Time-out
The time of no activity to logout automatically. Set it to zero to disable this feature.
Discard PING from WAN side
When this feature is enabled, any host on the WAN cannot ping this product.
SPI Mode
When this feature is enabled, the router will record the packet information pass through the router like
IP address, port address, ACK, SEQ number and so on. And the router will check every incoming
packet to detect if this packet is valid.
DoS Attack Detection
When this feature is enabled, the router will detect and log the DoS attack comes from the Internet.
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Currently, the router can detect the following DoS attack: SYN Attack, WinNuke, Port Scan, Ping of
Death, Land Attack etc.
VPN PPTP/IPSec Pass-Through
Please enable this feature, if you need to establish a PPTP or IPSEC connection that will pass through
this device.
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4.7 Advanced Settings
39
4.7.1 System Time
Get Date and Time by NTP Protocol
Selected if you want to Get Date and Time by NTP Protocol.
Time Server
Select a NTP time server to consult UTC time
Time Zone
Select a time zone where this device locates.
Set Date and Time manually
Selected if you want to Set Date and Time manually.
Function of Buttons
Sync Now: Synchronize system time with network time server
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4.7.2 System Log
This page support two methods to export system logs to specific destination by means of syslog(UDP)
and SMTP(TCP). The items you have to setup including:
IP Address for Syslog
Host IP of destination where syslogs will be sent to.
Check Enable to enable this function.
E-mail Alert Enable
Check if you want to enable Email alert(send syslog via email).
SMTP Server IP and Port
Input the SMTP server IP and port, which are concated with ':'. If you do not specify port number, the
default value is 25.
For example, "mail.your_url.com" or "192.168.1.100:26".
Send E-mail alert to
The recipients who will receive these logs. You can assign more than 1 recipient, using ';' or ',' to
separate these email addresses.
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4.7.3 Dynamic DNS
To host your server on a changing IP address, you have to use dynamic domain name service (DDNS).
So that anyone wishing to reach your host only needs to know the name of it. Dynamic DNS will map
the name of your host to your current IP address, which changes each time you connect your Internet
service provider.
Before you enable Dynamic DNS, you need to register an account on one of these Dynamic DNS
servers that we list in provider field.
To enable Dynamic DNS click the check box next to Enable in the DDNS field.
Next you can enter the appropriate information about your Dynamic DNS Server.
You have to define:
Provider
Host Name
Username/E-mail
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Password/Key
You will get this information when you register an account on a Dynamic DNS server.
Example:
After Dynamic DNS setting is configured, click the save button.
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4.7.4 SNMP Setting
In brief, SNMP, the Simple Network Management Protocol, is a protocol designed to give a user the
capability to remotely manage a computer network by polling and setting terminal values and
monitoring network events.
Enable SNMP
You must check either Local or Remote or both to enable SNMP function. If Local is checked, this
device will response request from LAN. If Remote is checked, this device will response request from
WAN.
Get Community
Setting the community of GetRequest your device will response.
Set Community
Setting the community of SetRequest your device will accept.
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4.7.5 Routing Table
Routing Tables allow you to determine which physical interface address to use for outgoing IP data
grams. If you have more than one routers and subnets, you will need to enable routing table to allow
packets to find proper routing path and allow different subnets to communicate with each other.
Routing Table settings are settings used to setup the functions of static.
Static Routing: For static routing, you can specify up to 8 routing rules. You can enter the destination
IP address, subnet mask, gateway, hop for each routing rule, and then enable or disable the rule by
checking or unchecking the Enable checkbox.
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Example:
Configuration on NAT Router
Destination
SubnetMask
Gateway
Hop
Enabled
192.168.1.0
255.255.255.0
192.168.123.216
1
ˇ
192.168.0.0
255.255.255.0
192.168.123.103
1
ˇ
So if, for example, the client3 wanted to send an IP data gram to 192.168.0.2, it would use the above
table to determine that it had to go via 192.168.123.103 (a gateway),
And if it sends Packets to 192.168.1.11 will go via 192.168.123.216
Each rule can be enabled or disabled individually.
After routing table setting is configured, click the save button.
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4.7.6 Schedule Rule
You can set the schedule time to decide which service will be turned on or off. Select the “enable”
item.
Press “Add New Rule”
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You can write a rule name and set which day and what time to schedule from “Start Time” to “End
Time”. The following example configure “ftp time” as everyday 14:10 to 16:20
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After configure Rule 1à
Schedule Enable
Selected if you want to Enable the Scheduler.
Edit
To edit the schedule rule.
Delete
To delete the schedule rule, and the rule# of the rules behind the deleted one will decrease one
automatically.
Schedule Rule can be apply to Virtual server and Packet Filter, for example:
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Exanple1: Virtual Server – Apply Rule#1 (ftp time: everyday 14:10 to 16:20)
Exanple2: Packet Filter – Apply Rule#1 (ftp time: everyday 14:10 to 16:20).
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4.8 Toolbox
51
4.8.1 System Log
You can View system log by clicking the View Log button
52
4.8.2 Firmware Upgrade
You can upgrade firmware by clicking Firmware Upgrade button.
53
4.8.3 Backup Setting
You can backup your settings by clicking the Backup Setting button and save it as a bin file. Once you
want to restore these settings, please click Firmware Upgrade button and use the bin file you saved.
4.8.4 Reset to default
You can also reset this product to factory default by clicking the Reset to default button.
4.8.5 Reboot
You can also reboot this product by clicking the Reboot button.
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4.8.6 Miscellaneous Items
MAC Address for Wake-on-LAN
Wake-on-LAN is a technology that enables you to power up a networked device remotely. In order to
enjoy this feature, the target device must be Wake-on-LAN enabled and you have to know the MAC
address of this device, say 00-11-22-33-44-55. Clicking "Wake up" button will make the router to send
the wake-up frame to the target device immediately.
Domain Name or IP address for Ping Test
Allow you to configure an IP, and ping the device. You can ping a specific IP to test whether it is alive.
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This section introduces you how to install TCP/IP protocol into your personal computer. And suppose
you have been successfully installed one network card on your personal computer. If not, please refer
to your network card manual. Moreover, the Section B.2 tells you how to set TCP/IP values for
working with this NAT Router correctly.
A.1 Install TCP/IP Protocol into Your PC
1.
Click Start button and choose Settings, then click Control Panel.
1.
Double click Network icon and select Configuration tab in the Network window.
1.
Click Add button to add network component into your PC.
1.
Double click Protocol to add TCP/IP protocol.
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1.
Select Microsoft item in the manufactures list. And choose TCP/IP in the Network Protocols.
Click OK button to return to Network window.
1.
The TCP/IP protocol shall be listed in the Network window. Click OK to complete the install
procedure and restart your PC to enable the TCP/IP protocol.
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A.2 Set TCP/IP Protocol for Working with NAT Router
1.
Click Start button and choose Settings, then click Control Panel.
2.
Double click Network icon. Select the TCP/IP line that has been associated to your network card
in the Configuration tab of the Network window.
3.
Click Properties button to set the TCP/IP protocol for this NAT Router.
4.
Now, you have two setting methods:
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a.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically in the IP Address tab.
b.
Don’t input any value in the Gateway tab.
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c.
Choose Disable DNS in the DNS Configuration tab.
B. Configure IP manually
a.
Select Specify an IP address in the IP Address tab. The default IP address of this
product is 192.168.123.254. So please use 192.168.123.xxx (xxx is between 1 and 253)
for IP Address field and 255.255.255.0 for Subnet Mask field.
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b.
In the Gateway tab, add the IP address of this product (default IP is 192.168.123.254)
in the New gateway field and click Add button.
c.
In the DNS Configuration tab, add the DNS values which are provided by the ISP into
DNS Server Search Order field and click Add button.
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A
Appppeennddiixx B
B FFA
AQ
Q aanndd T
Trroouubblleesshhoooottiinngg
Reset to factory Default
1. Restore directly when the router power on
First, hold the RESET button about 5 seconds(M1 will start flashing about 5 times),move away the
hand. The RESTORE process is completed.
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