The Industrial Ethernet Protocol (Ethernet/IP) has been developed

The Industrial Ethernet Protocol (Ethernet/IP) has been developed
The Industrial Ethernet Protocol (Ethernet/IP) has been developed by ODVA with strong
support from Rockwell Automation. It uses the Control & Information Protocol (CIP) which
is already well known from ControlNet and DeviceNet.
CIP provides a wide range of standard services for access to data and for control of network devices via so-called
"implicit" and "explicit" messages. The CIP data packets must be encapsulated before they can be sent via Ethernet
and are given a telegram header which depends on the requested quality of service. The header indicates the
significance of the transmitted data to the corresponding service protocol on the receiver side. The CIP data packets
which are transported through the Ethernet connection have a special Ethernet header, an IP header, a TCP header and
an encapsulation header. The encapsulation header contains fields with control commands, format and status
information, synchronization data etc. This allows the CIP data packets to be transported via TCP or UDP and ensures
that they can be decoded in the receiver. The disadvantage of encapsulation compared with DeviceNet or ControlNet is,
is that a much lower protocol efficiency is achieved. The Ethernet headers are much larger than the user data and lead
to a significant protocol overhead. Accordingly, EtherNet/IP is more suitable for sending large data portions (e.g.
programs) rather than analog or discrete I/O data for which DeviceNet and ControlNet are better optimized.
Where is it used and with what products?
With the global growth of Industrial Ethernet, EtherNet/IP is fast becoming the most used Layer 7 Industrial Ethernet
protocol. Used within the Factory Automation industry and with many types of products from Robotics, PLC's, Drives,
Inverters, etc.. Originally founded by Rockwell Automation, this protocol is now mainly used in the United States, and is
now also gaining popularity throughout Europe & Japan & China. General Motors Corp. (GM), the world's largest vehicle
manufacturer, has standardized on EtherNet/IP for its vehicle manufacturing operations. The EtherNet/IP network will
provide real-time communication between GM machine controllers, robots and process control equipment, as well as
provide information to higher-level business systems. Suppliers to more than 60 GM factories located in Africa, Europe,
Latin America, North America, and the Middle East have until Jan. 1, 2007 to make their products EtherNet/IPcompatible.
EtherNet/IP & AnyBus
HMS has a variety of products supporting EtherNet/IP. All these products have included "IT Functions" such as HTTP
WebServer with support for Java & SSI, Email & FTP Client, and Security and Configuration features. The family
consists of an embedded AnyBus-S Interface, AnyBus-IC Single Chip Solution, AnyBus Communicator Serial Gateway
and AnyBus-X Bridge/Gateway giving you a choice to bridge EtherNet/IP with any of 14 other fieldbus networks.
EtherNet/IP Facts
Network
Size:
Scalable and nearly unlimited
Network
Length:
10/100 Base-T = 100m
Fiber Optic media 35-2000m depending
on type and speed
Baud Rate:
10, 100, 1000 MBits/s
Bus
Topology:
Star
Addressing: Encapsulation system
System
Feature:
Standard layers 1-4 providing Ethernet
data transmisson, bus access, internet
protocol (IP) and TCP & UDP protocols.
CIP "implicit" and "explicit" messaging
with encapsuslation technology.
Message routing between EtherNet/IP,
DeviceNet & ControlNet
EtherNet/IP AnyBus Products
Embedded Products
AnyBus-S 10/100 Interface
Embedded Products
AnyBus-IC Single Chip Controller
Networking Products
AB Communicator Serial Gateway
Networking Products
AnyBus-X Bridge/Gateway
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