optional rules
GA
PREPARE FOR PLAY
1. All Crown and Event cards and all
counters marked with an asterisk In the
upper right corner are removed from play
for the Basic Game.
NOTE: An asterisk indicates equipment
relevant to optional or advanced game rules
only.
2 Both the Crown and Event decks are
shuffled thoroughly. The Event deck is
placed face down in its designated location
on the gameboard A discard pile will be
maintained adjacent to the deck. As soon as
an Event card has been played, it is placed
here face up. During the game, if the Event
deck becomes depleted, the discard pile is
shuffled and reused as the Event deck.
Cards in the discard pile can never be
reviewed.
3 36 cards are removed from the
Crown deck and are distributed evenly to all
players. Any remaining cards are returned
to the deck which is the" placed on the
board.
4. Each player must separate the
Crown cards dealt to him according to type
and arrange them in front of him in the
manner described below.
a. All Noble cards are placed face up
b. All title cards must be allocated
(given), one apiece, to each untitled Noble.
Title cards which cannot be allocated are
placed in Chancery.
c. All office cards must be allocated,
one apiece, to each titled Noble. Office
cards which cannot be allor;ated are placed
in Chancery.
NOTE A Noble can never have more than
one title and office.
d. All town, bishop, mercenary and ship
cards remaining are allocated without
restriction to any Noble(s).
All cards dealt must either be allocated to a
Noble or placed in Chancery and cannot be
retained to be played later.
Any player(s) not receiving a Noble card
in the deal draws cards from the Crown
deck until one appears which he plays The
inverted cards CJre reshuffled into the deck.
Every player must start the game with at
least one Noble card.
Once a Crown card has been allocated
to a Noble card, it may never be returned to
any player's hand or transferred to another
noble except as outlined in Transfer (P.4 ).
FACTION
The arrangement of Crown cards In
front of each player represents his faction
The baSIC unit of the faction is the Noble. He
will be represented on the game board by a
correspondinq couilter. The other Crown
cards placed under him are his uwards
These cards Increase hiS strength in troops,
give him control of certain cities, towns and
castles, allow him to travel by ship, and
award him several other privileges to be
outlined in the rules. Each player controls
and maneuvers the Nobles and their
awards in his faction.
Any town, city or castle awarded to a
Noble is considered friendly to all Nobles of
hiS faction. They may enter these places
freely A neutral town, city or castle (not
under any faction's control) may not be
entered by any Nobles of a faction. An
unfriendly town, city or castle (controlled by
another factionl may be entered only by
permission of the player controlling the
factiOn. Any ship awarded to a Noble may
be used by all Nobles in the faction
The number of Nobles in a faction will
fluctuate as some are killed or executed and
others added through the draw of the
Crown deck. A player will be able to add
new Crown cards to hiS faction. He may not
add a Crown card to a Noble "under siege"
or at sea that would increase his troop
strength. A player who loses all of his
Nobles is nO{ eliminated from play. He
continues as a new faction.
SETTING OUT COUNTERS
1. The seven royal heir counters are
placed in the following locations on the
gameboard:
HOUSE OF LANCASTER
Henry VI-in London
Margaret of AnJou-in Fotheringhay
Edward, Prince of Wales-in Coventry
HOUSE OF YORK 1.,~,Richard, Duke of York-in York
Edward, Earl of March-in Harlech
George, Duke of Clarence-In Cardigan
Richard, Duke of Gloucester-in Calais
They are placed on the symbol of the
town, city or castle that they occupy. Royal
heirs do not have Crown cards to represent
them.
2. For each Noble card allotted in the
deal, the corresponding Noble counter is
placed by the controlling player in anyone
of the castle(s) on the board that is listed on
his card. Place the counter on the symbol of
the castle that he occupies These castle(s)
are identified by the coat-of-arms of the
owning Noble.
3. Each ship counter awarded to a
Noble by either a ship or office card is
placed on the port listed on her card.
CHANCERY
A separate pile for office and title cards
which cannot be allocated at the start of
play or which belonged to Nobles killed or
executed during play is maintained face
down. They may be reapportioned during
Parliament (P.4 ). Cards in the Chancery
can never be reviewed.
SEQUENCE OF PLAY
KINGMAKER is played In turns Each
player takes hiS turn in clockwise order
around the table. When all players have
taken their turn a round of play is complet­
ed. The game continues for an unlimited
number of rounds until the requirements
2
for victory have been fulfilled. Play starts
with the player who controls the Noble
allocated the office of Chancellor of Eng­
land. If no Noble holds thiS office then play
starts With the player who controls the
Noble who has been allocated the senior
Bishop in this order: Canterbury, York,
Durham, Carlisle, Lincoln, Norwich; other­
wise play starts with the player wilh the
most troops. Each player's turn is com­
posed of 6 phases which must be complet­
ed in the exact sequence presented below'
1 Chance Phase-The top card of the
Event deck is drawn and any instructions
printed thereon are acted upon by all
players.
2. Movement Phase-All, some or
none of the player's counters are moved.
3 Combat Phase-Any
sieges are resolved.
battles
or
4. Parliament Phase-Parliament may
be summoned by the sole king or the Noble
awarded Chancellor of England office (If
there is no sale king)
5. Coronation Phase-A royal herr first
in the line of succession in his or her royal
house may be crowned king.
6. Crown Deck Phase-A card is drawn
from the top of the Crown deck. It may be
played immediately or kept hidden and
played at any time. When a Noble card is
played, the corresponding Noble counter is
placed In one of the castle(s) listed on his
card. It may happen that the castle(s) held
by a Noble to be played becomes unfriendly
In this case, he may be placed on board at
the nearest friendly town, city or castle
Any other type of Crown card must be
allocated to a noble in order to be played.
MOVEMENT
1. Noble Counters
A Noble may move up to 5 squares in
any direcllon (including diagonally) subject
to certain terrain restrictions (see Terrain
Key P. S ). A Noble may move any part of his
allowed 5 squares or he need not move at
all. ThiS constilutes his move for the turn.
The path of movement over land is never
blocked.
2
Royal Heir Counters
A royal heir may not move unless
captured or instructed to do so by an Event
card. Once captured a royal heir must have
at least one Noble with him (her) at all times
and may never be voluntarily left alone. A
royal heir is always allowed to move with
the accompanying noble(s)
3. Ship Counters
A ship may move up to 5 squares at sea
in any direction (including diagonally). A
ship may move any part of her allowed 5
squares or not at all. This constitutes her
move for the turn A ship may stay at sea
indefinitely unless forced to port by an
Event card. A ship's movement may never
be blocked while at sea.
A ship may move unloaded or with
passengers A ship may never move on land
but may enter a friendly or unfortified port.
A port is counted as a separate square in
movement. A ship may move along .an
estuary to reach a port. A ship may never
counter is accompanied by another player's
Noble(s), they must all be defeated by
combat in order to make the capture. A
captured royal heir may be executed and
removed from play at any time by the
controlling player.
A player may not control royal heirs of
both royal houses for more than two
consecutive rounds from point of capture.
He must either execute or transfer to
another faction all controlled royal heirs of
one royal house.
CAPTURE OF NOBLE COUNTERS
Any Noble(s) captured in successful
combat may be ransomed back to the losing
player for some consideration (see Transfer
and Trade and Gifts P.4 l A ransomed
Noble must be returned with any title and
office cards possessed prior to combat.
Any Noble not ransomed in the turn of
capture must be executed and removed
from play (see Transfer P. 4 l
PARLIAMENT
A player controlling the sole King, or
Chancellor of England if there are twoor no
Kings, has the privilege of summoning
Parliament. Six steps must be followed to
summon Parliament.
1. The King or Chancellor must occupy
an unfortified town, town or city (not castle)
excluding Calais or one under siege, which
is to be the location of the Parliament.
2a. A "writ" card must be presented to
another player's Noble summoning him to
Parliament. More Nobles may be sum­
moned using other "writ" cards (one "writ"
for each Noble to be summoned).
b. In order for the Chancellor to
summon Parliament he must also playa
"Parliament" Card.
3. Each Noble summoned by a "writ"
card must immediately move to the Parlia­
ment location ignoring movement limita­
tions.
4. Any Noble not summoned may
voluntarily move to Parliament ignoring
movement limitations.
A Noble may not be summoned nor
moved to Parliament if on an island or
Calais unless an empty (friendly or loaned)
ship(s) is available to transport him to the
mainland. The ship(s) must be large enough
to support the Noble's troop strength. A
ship transporting Nobles to Parliament
must end its movement at any friendly or
unfortified port on the mainland.
5. The player summoning Parliament
draws from the Chancery a number of cards
equivalent to the number of Nobles attend­
ing Parliament
6. He must distribute these cards to any
Nobles (not necessarily at Parliament)
which have not yet received a title and/or
office card. Any cards which cannot be
distributed are returned to the Crown deck.
The King's Peace forbids any combat in
the square in which Parliament is held until
the next turn of the player who summoned
the Parliament
CORONATION
1. Only the senior surviving member of
a royal house can be proclaimed and
crowned King. (see Victory Conditions for
the order of succession P.4 l
2. The senior royal heir to be crowned
King must occupy a cathedral with one or
more Nobles possessing either an arch­
bishop or two bishops cards.
When the above two conditions have been
fulfilled the controlling pl2yer announces
that the royal heir has been crowned King.
VICTORY CONDITIONS
To win, a player must control the last
royal heir in the game and he (she) must be
crowned King.
There may be two Kings simultaneously
in play, one from each royal house. At the
start of play Henry VI is already King.
Richard of York as soon as he has been
captured may also be crowned King. If
either or both should be killed, the next In
line of succession of either or both houses
may be crowned King. Below is the table
indicating the order of succession for both
houses.
HOUSE OF LANCASTER
King Henry VI
Margaret of Anjou
(Henry's wi fe)
Edward, Prince of Wales
(their son)
Line of
Succession
1
2
3
Line of
Succession
HOUSE OF YORK
Richard, Duke of York
Edward, Earl of March
(Richard's eldest sonl
George,
Duke of Clarence
(Richard's third son)
Richard,
Duke of Gloucester
(Richard's youngest son)
1
2
3
4
A royal heir may not be crowned King
until all above him in the line of succession
have been killed. There can never be more
than two Kings (one from each royal house)
in play at the same time.
NOTE: Margaret may be crowned Queen
Regent after the death of Henry. As Queen
Regent she assumes all the privileges of
King
Beaufort:
If all Lancastrian royal heirs have been
killed, the Noble, Beaufort, may be crowned
King In effect he is fourth in line of
succesSIOn in the house of Lancaster. He
still performs like a Noble in all respects.
If crowned hiS faction may not control a
royal heir of the other house.
It the last crowned royal heir on the
bO:lrd is a Lancastrian, the player control­
ling him is declared the winner whether
Beaufort is in play or not
If the last crowned royal heir on the
board is a YorkisL the player controlling him
is declared the winner if Beaufort is not in
play.
4
TRANSFER
1. Town, ship, bishop and mercenary
cards (hereafler referred 10 as transfer­
abies) allocated to a Noble or royal heir
counter(s) accompanying a force may be
transferred vol u nta ri Iy to any other Noble(s)
occupying the same square at any time
provided that the transferred card(s) is not
utilized in the turn of transfer. The Nobles
need not belong to the same faction.
2. Transferables and royal heir coun­
ters are involuntarily transferred to an
unfriendly faction if they were awarded to
or accompanied a Noble captured or
executed by that faction as a result of
combat The transferrables must be distri­
buted among the victorious Noble(s) imme­
diately upon transfer.
3. A town card is involuntarily trans­
ferred to an unfriendly faction if the town
named on the card was captured by that
faction The transferred card must not be
allocated to a victorious Noble in this case
but placed by itself. This indicates that the
town is controlled by the faction rather than
a particular Noble.
4. Noble and title cards (hereafter
referred to as non-transferables) can never
be transferred either voluntarily or invo­
luntarily. If a Noble is executed, his card
returns to the Crown deck and any awarded
title card is placed in Chancery.
5. Office cards are semi-transferable.
They can never be involuntarily transferred
but may be VOluntarily transferred between
any Nobles attending Parliament with the
permission of the player summoning Par­
liament
Any captured town, city or castle may be
transferred voluntarily by the controlling
player to another faction as long as at least
one representative Noble of each faction
occupies the same square. Ships, towns,
cities or castles named on a semi-or non­
transferable may also be voluntarily trans­
ferred (never involuntarily transferred) to
another Noble in the same square. The
parent card cannot accompany the trans­
fer It is noted to which Noble the transfer is
made. If he should be killed or executed the
control of the transferred town, city, castle
or ship reverts to the Noble allocated the
parent card.
TRADE AND GIFTS
A player may give or trade any ship,
bishop, town, city, mercenary or writ ca'rds
not played (ie., in his hand). The recipient
may not allocate a traded card to a Noble
who is involved in combat in the turn of the
trade. Cards given or traded need not be
played immediately.
A ship may be loaned to another faction
as long as it is moved in only one turn per
round.
Do not proceed any further. You
have finished the Basic Game Rules.
TERRAIN I E
FUNCTION
EFFECT ON COMBAT
EFFECT ON MOVEMENT
delineates various size
and shaped figures here­
after referred to as
squares.
No effect
No effect
Clear
Square
No effect
No effect
Forest
Square
No effect
Movement ends upon entering.
Movement into the open is
made normally.
Road
Square
No effect
see Road Movement P. 3
River
No effect
No effect.
If not stippled it is not a
boundary.
Estuary
No effect
A ship may move along an
estuary to a port. Noble and
royal heir counters may not
cross.
delineates Wales, Scot­
land, Devon-Cornwall,
North of River Tees,
North of River Trent
No effect
No effect
No Combat Allowed
Only ships may enter.
Port
Noble and royal
counters may embark
onto or disembark from
ship
Same as unfortified town, city,
town or castle symbol.
Ships may enter. Same as
unfortified town, city, town
or castle symbol.
Island
There are three Islands:
Douglas, Beaumaris and
Carisbrooke.
No effect,
Welsh and Conway Troop bonus
extends to Beaumaris
Nobles and royal heirs can
enter and/or leave by ship only.
Calais
Same as Island, Town
and Square in which
situated defined as
Calais (not part of
Continent)
No effect
No effect
Nobles and royal heirs can
enter and leave by ship only.
Unfortified
Town
Parliament may be
summoned. May be a
port and/or cathedral.
No effect
Cannot be captured or controlled.
Passengers entering an unfortified
port must battle any unfriendly
force within.
No effect
Town
Maximum capacity of
400 troops. Parliament
may be held. May be a
port and/or cathedral.
Permanent Garrison of 200 troops.
Capture by siege only.
If on a road, may block road
movement.
Open
Town
Maximum capacity of
400 troops. Cannot be
contrOlled. May be a
port. Parliament may
be summoned.
If occupied by unfriendly Noble(s)
capture by siege. Permanent garri­ son of 200 troops.
If empty, may enter freely. If
occupied by unfriendly forces,
may be entered by successful
siege only.
City
Unlimited capacity.
Parliament may be held.
May be a port or
cathedral.
Permanent garrison of 300 troops.
Capture by siege only.
If on a road may block road
movement.
Royal
Castle
Maximum capacity of
Permanent garrison of 200 troops.
300 troops. 2 Royal
Capture by siege only.
Castles marked with *
are used in Advanced
Game only. May be a port.
If on a road, may block road
movement.
Castle
Capacity of 300 troops.
2 Castles marked with *
are used in Advanced
Game only. May be a
port.
Permanent garrison of 100 troops.
Capture by siege only.
If on a road, may block road
movement.
Cathedral
Coronations may be
held. Parliament may
be summoned.
Same as symbol in which located.
Same as symbol in which
located.
Cheviots
4 border squares be­
tween Carlisle and Ber­
wick exclusive.
No effect
No effect
FEATURE
Boundary
of Square
Border
SYMBOL
Sea Square
Hereford
CardIgan
KingslOn
5
CROWN CARD I(EY
CARD
NO. IN
DECK
ILLUSTRATION
1) Untitled
Noble
2) Titled
Noble
rUff'
NOTES
ALLOTMENT
14
Basic unit of game.
Does not have title (May be given
title card). Non-tradeable. Non­
transferable.
9
Basic unit of game.
Has title. (May not be given title
card. May be given office card),
Non-tradeable. Non-transferable.
8
Maximum of one may be given to
Noble without title.
Has troops. May have fortified town.
Non-tradeable. Non·transferable.
12
Maximum of one may be given to
Noble with title.
Has troops, towns, city or royal castle.
May have bonus of extra troops in
some areas, may have bonus of ships.
Non-tradeable. May be voluntarily
transferred in Parliament only.
6
Any number may be held by any
Noble.
Has cathedral town or city. Used for
coronations. Tradeable. Transferable.
8
Any number may be held by any
Noble.
Gives extra troops. Tradeable.
Transferable.
4
Any number may be held by any
Noble.
Carries troops on sea. Tradeable.
Transferable.
10
Any number may be held by any
Noble.
Tradeable. Transferable.
May be held by any Noble.
Trudeable. Transferable.
P~rtii1111enlary Voles
3) Title
'".\ot~_
•.~.
~..:1'4.
.
----~~.~ •
<
. :~....
".c, ..
20
~'".,.,~-:::~:....
4) Office
Troops
~
[A]
_...........
"'
'_'''''I~~N'~
)'
5) Bishop or
Archbishop
onus
(2)5'
"'_.
l
t
,.. ~
~,.~
""'
,-
6) Mercenary
7) Ship
8) Town or
City
(fortified)
9) Royal
Castle
CARtSBROOKE
iJ.~-j>,
(~=h
-, r
Royal Castle
CO
TYPE
Noble
Counter
ILLUSTRATION
®
NUMBER
23
TE
KEY
SYMBOL
NOTES
Heraldic Shield
Each counter corresponds to one
Noble card. Counter represents
strength of Noble plus any troops
awarded him.
Royal Heir
Counter
7
Red or White Rose and name.
There is no card for royal counter.
They cannot move ur fight alone.
Once captured they may never be
left alone.
Ship
Counter
8
Ship's name port of origin
and capacity.
Awarded to a player through cer­
tain office and ship cards in Crown
deck. May carry Noble and Royal
counters at sea. Ships are never
involved in combat.
Various symbols
Seven different sets of 12 avail­ able. Each player uses one set.
Counters are placed on towns,
cities or castles to identify the
controlling faction.
Faction
Counter
ooo.~
@
OD!lO
GliIlIICI
84
"lW'
6
EVE T CA OK y
CARD
ILLUSTRATION
Plague
~L...auE
Storms
at Sea
NO. IN
DECK
KEY
COLOR
EFFECT
NOTES
17
Red/Pink
All Noble and Royal heir
counters in the town(s)
or city named are killed
immediately. Ships in port
are not affected.
Plague never stri kes Calais or
castles.
10
Light Blue/
Pink
Every ship at sea must im­
mediately be moved to the
closest port. A ship and any
passengers may be moved
normally in their turn.
If more than one port is
equidistant in squares to the
ship, controlling player has
choice of which port to enter.
23
Green/
Pink
All Noble counters named
for themselves or in respect
of titles, offices, or Bishop
cards awarded to them must
move immediately to the
location named. If unfriendly,
place in the open.
Any Royal heir counter(s)
with the summoned noble
may accompany him. A Noble
at sea, on an island, under
siege, or at Calais cannot respond.
A Noble called to two or
more places as a result of the
Crown card(s) he holds may
choose where to go. A Noble
is sent into the town, city, or
castle named. A ship must al­
ways respond. Those summon­
ed may move normally in
their turn.
6
Dark Blue/
Pink
The sole King (ignore if
2 or no Kings are in play) is
moved immediately to the
location named on the card.
Any Noble(s) with the King
may accompany him. They
may move normally in their
turn. If the King is at sea, on
an island, under siege, or at
Calais he cannot respond.
4
Yellow/
Pink
Chancellor must play one in
Only the player whose faction
order to summon Parliament. has the Chancellor may reo
tain it if drawn. Once played
it is discarded. It cannot be
given away or traded. If the
noble awarded the Chancellor
is killed all held Parliament
cards are discarded.
10
Yellow
Must be given to at least one
Noble in order to summon
Parliament.
May be retained by any player
drawing one. Once used, it is
discarded. May be given or
traded.
10
Yellow
Allows a single counter
(ship, noble or royal heir)
one free move. Ship with
passengers counts as one.A
counter may use only one
free move per turn.
May be retained by any player
drawing one. Once used it is
discarded. May not be given
or traded.
'·1
¥1(lO!"'
Raid and
Revolt
I·'
1-"
Embassy
¥1(1O"
-
r..1IIM
KIMOto
Parliament
",'\\11
MIUUI
HOI lAlla
.,,--.
....
PARLIAMENT
ClIMCIUOll
AOOS
'OUkC"11
Writ
l»U~
llC ....men.l.
.r\lImnl
Free Move
~
FREE MOVE
'011.1 Nel
SHORT GAME
The following three rules may be used
separately or together to provide a shorter
game.
him, though he must display at least one
Noble card. If, in a rare case, a player does
not receive a Noble, all the cards are
reshuffled and redealt.
1. Distribution of Crown Cards-Du ring
the initial deal, distribute all the cards in the
Crown deck rather than just 36 cards. Each
player need not play all the cards dealt to
2. Setting Out Roya/ Counters -Place
Edward, Prince of Wales with Margaret in
Fotheringhay. Place Richard, Duke of
Gloucester in Plymouth
7
3. Time Limit-Play may be terminated
at any time before the condition of Victory
has been met either by mutual agreement
or at a pre-designated time. At the point of
termination each player determines his
worth based upon his total number of votes
in both Houses of Parliament (see Optional
Rule. Parliament P. 8 ). The player with the
greatest worth is declared the winner.
OPTIONAL
RULES
Any or all of these rules may be added at
the players' discretion. These rules super­
sede any conflicting rules in the Basic
game.
INITIAL PLACEMENT
To insure that no player can be influ­
enced by another's set-up during the initial
placement of nobles, each player writes
down the castles in which his nobles will
start before setting out the counters
COMMISSION
A writ card now assumes an additional
function besides its use in Parliament. As a
commission, a writ card may be utilized by a
player 10 substitute a Noble or Nobles in his
faction for any Noble (not necessarily in the
same faction) responding to a raid or revolt.
The commissioned Noble(s) must be equal
10 or greater in Slrength than the specific
Noble, title, bishop or office card being
summoned If a bishop or archbishop card
without a troop strength has been sum­
moned by a raid or revolt, the commis­
sioned Nobles must be equal to or greater in
strength than the IOtal strength of the
Noble possessing the bishop card.
One writ card is used for each Noble
named on the Event card.
AMBUSH
A battle in which the attacking force
cannot hope to gain at least an indecisive
result (i.e .. the defending force has a ratio of
4 10 1 or better in troop strength) is no
longer allowed. An attacking force which is
100 weak 10 do battle may ambush inslead.
An ambush is conducted in the same
manner as a normal battle except that only
the lowermost printed Noble in the "Nobles
killed section of the Event card" is killed.
The other noble(s) above him in the "nobles
killed" section are ignored. As it is required
for the defender to be at least 4 times
stronger than the attacker, any surviving
ambusher(s) are automatically captured by
the defender. "Bad Weather" postpones an
ambush.
Noble(s) in a town, city or castle cannot
be ambushed.
TOWN FIGHTING
This is a fourth type of combat and
occurs only in lhe following three silua­
tions:
1. A Noble or Nobles inside a town, city
or castle which has become neutral.
2. A Noble or Nobles forced into an
unfriendly or neutral port which they are
unable to besiege.
3. Two forces in combal and both
occupying the same town, city or castle
Town fighting is always resolved as a
battle. In situations 1 and 2, the affected
Nobles must attack the garrison plus any
unfriendly Noble(s) inside in their turn. If
successful they capture the town, city or
castle. If unsuccessful they are captured
(and executed if in a neutral town, etc.). If
the result IS indeCISive they are immediate­
ly expelled into Ihe open.
In situations 2 and 3 player controlling
the town, city or castle may choose to attack
the unfriendly noble(s) inside. This may be
done with the garrison and any of his forces
inside and/or moved into the town, city or
castle. This attack frees the affected
noble(s) from his obligation to attack in his
lurn.
BISHOP CARDS
Bishop card(s) allocated to a killed or
executed Noble are no longer returned to
the Crown deck or transferred but are
placed in Chancery They become non­
transferable.
OPTIONAL PARLIAMENT
Optional Parliament is procedurely
identical to that in the Basic game but with
the following additions.
1. Players must determine the num­
ber of votes their faction controls in both
the House of Commons and the House of
Lords using the following table. All votes in
Commons are counted as long as the
possessing Noble or controlled royal heir is
on the board whether in attendance or not.
Noble or royal heir counters voting in Lords
must be in attendance.
Parliamentary votes are printed on the
appropriate Crown cards under the heading
Commons for House of Commons and
Lords for House of Lords. Town and City
votes are not placed on the title, office and
bishop cards but must be counted on the
board. Use of faction counters 10 identify
controlled or captured towns and cities will
facilitate this process.
2. The proposed recipient of a title or
office card must be approved by both the
House of Commons and the House of Lords
for him to receive the card. Approval or
disapproval in either House is decided by
the most votes (a tie results in disapproval).
3. The proposed recipient of a bishop
card (see Optional Rule "Bishop Cards")
needs the approval of Ihe House of Lords
only.
4. The player summoning Parliament
may propose one recipient for each card
drawn from the Chancery. Any cards which
cannot be allocated as a result of a
disapproval in either the Commons or the
Lords are given for distribution to the next
player in Ihe following order:
a. Player whose faction controls the
largest IOtal vote in both Houses;
b. Player whose faction controls the
second largest IOtal vote in both Houses;
c. Player whose faction controls the
most town votes. (This includes the Warden
of the Cinque Ports who has 5 town votes).
A player may be able to propose
recipients more than once if he meets more
than one of the requirements.
5. Bishop cards may be allocated only
by the player summoning Parliament. He
may propose recipients for these bishoprics'
as often as he wishes.
6. A player receiving an office or
bishopric in his faction may not utilize its
vote (if any) in the Parliament in progress.
7. If Parliament is summoned during
the two round period of grace in which a
player may control senior royal heir coun­
ters of both royal Houses, he must count
votes for the counter of one House only. He
need not execute any royal counlers during
Parliament though for the purposes of
determining votes those of the unfavored
House are considered executed (i.e., cannot
be counted at all)
8. Offices and titles which cannot be
allocated are placed in the Crown deck.
Bishoprics which cannot be allocated are
returned to Chancery.
HOUSE OF LORDS
HOUSE OF COMMONS
Royal Heirs
Votes
20
King (Chancellor if
no sole King)
Senior Lancastrian
Senior Yorkist
Offices
10
10
Warden of the Northern
Marches
Chancellor of the Duchy
of Cornwall
Chancellor of the Duchy
of Lancaster
Constable of the Tower
of London
Warden of the Cinque Ports
2
2
3
3
5
Votes
Royal Heirs
10
10
Senior Lancastrian
Senior Yorkist
Nobles
Neville
Mowbray
Percy
Beaufort
Courtenay
Stanley
Talbot
Stafford
Pole
Fitzalan
All other Nobles
4
4
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
Bishops
Towns and Cities
Each controlled or
captured city
Each controlled or
captured town (except Calais,
Swansea,open town)
Nobles
4
Neville
Percy
Beaufort
Mowbray
All other titled Nobles
3
2
2
2
1
TOlal
8
3
156
Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of York
Bishop of Durham
Bishop of Carlisle
Bishop of Lincoln
Bishop of Norwich
Total
7
5
4
3
2
2
82
9. Proposed recipients need not ac­
cept the title. office or bishopric being
offered to him. If refused, the awarding
player may choose another recipient.
10. If during a Parliament there are two
crowned Kings in play (not necessarily
attending Parliament), a vote is taken for
Parliamentary support for one before any
other business is begun. Support is deter­
mined by the most votes in both Houses.
This supported Crowned royal heir must act
as sole King in All respects upon conclusion
of Parliament until his voted support is lost
in a subsequent Parliament. If support is
not given to either Crowned royal heir,
neither can act as the sole King.
RETURN FROM PARLIAMENT
All nobles in play may return to their
home castles (printed on Noble card),
ignoring movement restrictions, immedi­
ately upon conclusion of Parliament. A
player may demand that all players secretly
record which of their Nobles if any are
returning and to which home castle before
any actual movement takes place.
ALLIANCE
Different
factions
may ally without
restriction for purposes of both offense and
defense. The following rules must be
enforced to form and continue an alliance.
1. An alliance may be formed by two
or more factions at any time The allying
factions must announce the alliance.
All Nobles of the allying factions are
considered allied. Allies can never attack
one another.
2. Allied Nobles in the same square
may combine their forces for combat
and/or for movement.
3. Allied Nobles together for comba­
tive and/or movement purposes must
choose a commanding Noble in the faction
of the player who will control them (place
all allied Noble cards and awards together
under the commander) The player control­
ling the commander may move and/or fight
these Nobles in his turn. Nobles under a
commander need not stay together though
they still remain under his control. A new
commander may be chosen at any time the
involved Nobles are in the same square. If a
commander is killed or executed. move­
ment and combat of the Nobles under
his command reverts back to the controlling
players until a new commander is chosen.
o
DESIG
EDIT
Development:
Don
Turnbu'll,
THE GENERAL
Rules Development & Expansion: Mick
Uhl
Artwork: W. Scott Moores, Tom Shaw,
Randy Reed, Don Greenwood, Philmar Ltd.
opponent for this game, whether it be across the
street or the Atlantic Ocean, is in the pages of the
GENERAL.
GAME DESIGN: Wonder why this game was
designed the way it was] Read the GENERAL
and find out l Our regular DESIGN ANALYSIS
column features explanatory treatises by our
designers. Only here can you find ready-to-play
variations, new scenarios, and perhaps even more
counters for this game.
Now that you know how to play the game,
the next problem is probably who to play it with.
We can help you with that problem and many
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play-balance, and excitement level are only a few
9
5. Division of spoils is decided by the
player controlling the commander. A Noble
or royal heir under a commander may use a
free move card as long as the player
controlling his faction provides the card.
IMPORTANT No counter (Noble, royal heir
or ship) can ever move or attack in more
than one turn in a round.
OPTIONAL TRADE
For those players who desire unlimited
wheeling and dealing allow all cards held in
the hand to be tradeable.
OPTIONAL VICTORY CONDITIONS
The player who can obtain a majority
vote (half the total vote plus one) in the
House of Commons and the most votes in
the House of Lords to support a Crowned
royal heir under his control as the one and
only King of England is declared the win­
ner.
o
Charles Vasey, Dick Appleton, Steve Dou­
bleday. Steve Jackson, Dave Rotor, Melvyn
Bragg, David Elstein, Tony Firth, Philip
Whitehead, Don Greenwood
Historical Research & Design: Andrew
McNeil
Game
o
4. An alliance may be terminated at
any time by anyone of the allying players.
One round of peace between the former
allies must be enforced from the point of
termination. They may not attack one
another during this round.
Components Design: Mick Uhl, Philmar
Ltd.
Playtesting: George Uhl, Wes Coates, AI
Bizasky, Richard Hamblen, Bill Alpert, Dave
Peters, Paul O'Neil, Dale Wetzelberger
Printing: Monarch Services Inc.
Type Setting: Colonial Composition
of the categories rated in the RBG.
WHAT'S HAPPENING: Like to know what's
going on in the gaming hobby? Each issue
contains an installment of the "Avalon Hill
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ADVANCED
GAME
INTRODUCTION
The Advanced game introduces new
concepts which increase both the complex­
ity of the Basic/Optional game and the
number of play options available to each
player.
All Basic game and Optional rules apply
except where noted otherwise. In cases
where there is a conflict in the rules, the
Advanced game rule always takes preced­
ence.
COMPONENTS
All Event cards, Crown cards, counters
and board sections marked with an asterisk
in the upper right corner are now usable.
Their functions are detailed in the Ad·
vanced Game Components Key (P.12).
A pair of dice will need to be supplied.
PREPARE FOR PLAY
1. All Advanced Event cards are shuf­
fled into the Event deck. All Advanced
Crown cards but the two Plantagenet Noble
cards, the French Aid Mercenary card and
the two King's Pardon cards are Shuffled
into the Crown deck.
2. Distribute the Crown cards as de­
scribed in the Basic game. After the deal,
the French Aid card and the King's Pardon
cards are shuffled into the Crown deck
available for draw in the Crown Deck
Phase.
SETTING OUT ROYAL COUNTERS
The starting locations for the royal heirs
have been rearranged somewhat and 2
locations have been added.
HOUSE OF LANCASTER I ,
Henry VI-in London
Margaret of Anjou-in Coventry
Edward, Prince of Wales-in Kenilworth
HOUSE OF YORK (.:)
Richard, Duke of York-in York
Edward, Earl of March-in Harlech
Edmund, Earl of Rutland-in Ireland
George, Duke of Clarence-in Cardigan
Richard, Duke of Gloucester-in Calais
(edmund. Earl of Rutland is the third in
the line of succession in the House of York
after Edward, Earl of March.
ADVANCED BATTLE
This system of battle differs from that of
the Basic game in order to provide a greater
variety in the outcomes of battle and to
present a greater emphasis toward the
individual conduct of the battle.
The procedure for each battle must be
followed in the sequence presented below.
1. The attacking player draws the top
card from the Event deck to determine
whether "Bad Weather" has postponed the
attack. All other information on the card is
ignored. If the attack is not postponed
continue to step 2.
2. All Noble and royal heir counters
involved in the battle are removed by their
respective owners to a convenient open
area off the mapboard. A note is made of
the square which they occupied to prevent
misplacement of the counters upon their
return.
3a The defending player deploys his
Nobles into battle formation
b. The attacking player deploys his
Nobles into battle formation opposite the
defending battle formation.
4. Odds are determined for each indi­
vidual encounter that the attacker wishes
to initiate.
5. The attacking player draws an Event
card for each individual encounter that he
initiates. Results are determined as de·
scribed in the Basic game. The victory ratio
may be modified by defensive position or by
leadership The "Nobles Killed" section is
ignored-rather the "Nobles Killed" Table
(P.ll) is utilized.
6a. The attacking player may move any
or all of his Nobles or royal heirs in battle
formation to an adjacent position.
b. The defending player may move any
or all of his Nobles or royal heirs in the
battle formation to an adjacent position.
7. The defending player may counter­
attack following steps 4 and 5. He now
becomes the attacker. A round of battle has
been completed.
8. Steps 6 and 7 may be repeated by
each player in turn for as many rounds as
needed to accomplish either of these two
conditions:
a. All Nobles of one side have been
either captured or killed.
b. A round of battle has been complet­
ed in which no attack is made.
Battle Formation
Nobles must deploy into specific loca­
tions in battle formation. Each formation is
divided into two rows of three columns plus
a reserve stack.
1. Battle line-The first row of Nobles
who are to receive the brunt of the fighting.
2. Secondary line-The second row of
Nobles immediately behind the battle line.
3. Reserve-A stack of Nobles who
cannot, or who the owning player desires
not to, occupy a position in either the battle
or secondary line.
Nobles may be stacked in reserve. They
may not be stacked in the battle or in the
secondary line
Deployment
1. The defending player must deploy his
Noble counters into battle formation in the
manner described below.
a. A minimum of one Noble to a
maximum of three Nobles are placed in the
battle line. At least one Noble must be in the
battle at all times. All Nobles in the battle
line are face-up.
10
b. A Noble may be placed in the
secondary line, face-down, in each column
occupied by a Noble in the battle line. He
must always be placed behind' a Noble in
the battle line.
c. Noble(s) not placed in either the
battle or the secondary line are placed in
the reserve face-down.
d. Each royal heir accompanying the
Noble(s) must be attached to one particular
Noble of choice. He is stacked with this
Noble in the same facing.
2. The attacking player deploys his
Nobles into formation in the same manner
as the defending player. His formation is
placed across from the defender's forma­
tion and facing it.
A(I~ll
r, ,.,n:t'
~11 •• l·Ull.ll'r
1.1'"
Oaltl,·
lUI \ ~
kl'
0
0 0 0
000
00 0
0 00
0
2
ii'llll
11.1\'
~l t.:tnd,ll,
Ill!'
3
Lolufnn
UI'lllfld( r
Individual Encounter
An attacking player may attack any
noble in the battle line opposite a noble in
his battle line. He is under no obligation to
attack and can choose which noble(s) he
does wish to battle
Each defending Noble in the battle line
facing an attacking Noble must be attacked
separately. Each attack is termed an
encounter and is resolved individually
using the battle procedure outlined in the
Basic game with one exception. A "Nobles
Killed" Table is substituted for the "Nobles
Killed" section of the Event card (see P.Il).
The procedure for determing the partici­
pants for each individual encounter is
performed as follows:
1 Those opposing Nobles in the same
c01umn and in the battle line may only
battle one another.
2. A Noble in the secondary line and in
the same column m~y join into the encoun­
ter.
3. An unopposed Noble or one not
attacked in a different column may join into
the encounter if it is the closest or one of
the closest to him.
4. A Noble or Nobles battling in a
different column may strip off troops from
their strength to join into the encounter if
he qualifies under the following 2 condi­
tions:
a. It is the closest or one of the closest
encounters to him.
the encounter ratio one step upwards or
downwards in the controlling player's favor
for all encounters along the battle line.
b. He maintains at least a 2 to 1
superiority in strength ratio in his own
encounter. All Nobles involved in combat
must be shown face-up.
5. Each individual encounter is re­
solved separately. A "Bad Weather" result
is considered an indecisive encounter.
Those Noble counters killed or captured are
removed immediately from the battle
formation. A Royal heir accompanying a
killed or captured Noble counter is himself
captured A Noble cannot be recaptured
until all Nobles of the capturing force have
been themselves killed or captured. Cap­
tured Nobles may be executed at any time
by a Noble of the capturing force before this
occurs. Exchange of captured Noble(s)
and/or royal heir(s) may also occur at any
time.
4. Modification can never be greater
than one step. Even if a player is able to
qualify for a two step modification. he gains
just one step.
11,""'.'
5. A royal heir may reattach himself to
any other Noble in the battle formation.
Disposition of Nobles After Battle
Remember: A Noble may not be placed or
remain in the secondary line if there is no
Noble in the same column in the battle line.
Upon conclusion of the battle. all
surviving Noble and royal heir counters are
returned to the square that they occupy.
1,",11..
Ransom and Execution
,cCIllld",v
Battle Movement
3. Opposing modifications will cancel
out one another on a one for one basis.
. ll111 r1rv
00
0 0,,8.1
0
1 A Noble in a battle or secondary line
may be moved to any adjacent position
(including diagonal movement)
',~",r'y
2. A Noble in the battle line cannot be
moved to the reserve. A Noble in the
secondary line may be moved to the re­
serve.
Encounter Modifications
REVISED ALLIANCE
3. A Noble in the reserve may be moved
to any position in his battle formation.
1. The original defender always adjusts
the encounter ratio one step in his favor
(i.e .. 3 to 1 becomes either 4 to 1 or 2 to 1 l.
in every encounter in which his Nobles are
defending.
4. Nobles
may
transfer
among themselves if adjacent.
2. A royal heir or heirs accompanying a
Noble or Nobles in the battle line may adjust
positions
A Noble to be executed cannot transfer
his transferable Crown cards involuntarily
to the capturing faction. If executed all
awards are returned to the Crown deck or
Chancery He may voluntarily transfer all
transferables for ransom.
The one round period of peace is
deleted. Instead allies may terminate the
alliance and attack each other or anyone
else in the same round. Former allies may
also move in one turn and attack in another
in the round of alliance termination though
they still may not move or attack in two
turns of the same round.
NOBLES KILLED TABLE
This table supersedes and amplifies the "Nobles Killed" section on the Event card. A pair
of dice is needed to utilize the table.
REASON
WHO AFFECTED
Each encounter
or Siege
Each Noble of larger
force
Each encounter
or Siege
Each Noble of smaller
force
2,3 or 12
Noble killed
Ambush
One selected Noble or
royal heir (chosen by
ambusher) in the target
force
2,3 or 4
Noble or royal
heir killed
Ambush
Each Noble and royal
heir in the target force
2 or 12
Noble or royal
heir killed
Raid and
Revolt
Each Noble responding
Plague
2 through 7
Each Noble and/or royal
heir in the afflicted town(s)
and/or city
Noble or royal
heir killed
Encounter
Each royal·heir involved.
Royal heir killed
DICE RESULTS
2
2
2
DISPOSITION
NOble killed
Noble killed
For every titled Noble or Crowned royal heir killed or executed, the former controlling
player may roll a pair of dice to determine whether the succeeding heir is loyal to the same
faction.
LOYALTY TABLE
WHO AFFECTED
DICE RESULTS
DISPOSITION
1. Titled Nobles and
crowned royal heirs
killed or executed by
battle, siege, town
fighting or ambush
2 through 7
Noble returns 10
former faction (may
be replayed at any
time). Crowned
royal heir remains
in the same square.
All awards are lost.
2. Nobles or royal
heirs killed by plague
or Raid and Revolt
2 through 5
11
ADVANCED GAME COMPONENTS KEY
Terrain Key
Function
Effect on Combat
Effect on Movement
Ireland
Place of refuge
No effect
Unlimited port
facilities along
coast.
Continent
Place of refuge
No Combat Allowed
Unlimited port
faci Ii ties along
coast. Land move·
ment allowed be·
tween Continent
and Calais.
Scotland
Decorative function
only.
No Combat Allowed.
Entry not allowed.
Feature
ADVANCED GAME EVENT CARD KEY
Card
Mercenaries
go home
No. in
Deck
Color
Key
3
Black/
Pink
Causes named mercenaries in play to
be immediately returned to the bottom
of the Crown deck.
Green/
Pink
If Captain of Calais or a commissioned
substitute(s) of 50 troops minimum
are not available, Calais becomes a
permanent part of the Continent.
If Calais is lost to the Continent, the Captain
of Calais office card is immediately removed
from play.
French
Siege
Notes
Effect
Revolt in
Wales
2
Green/
Pink
(Duke of York to Stokestay) is added
to the instructions.
Part of t he basic game deck
Parliament
must be
summoned.
2
Yellow/
Pink
Parliament is summoned immediately
to a location which the player who
drew the card chooses. Ignore if there
is just one King in play unless it is
Henry. Parliament still must be sum­
moned if Henry is sole King.
Player drawing the card may continue his
turn after Parliament. If this Parliament is
summoned when Henry is sole King. The
player controlling the most votes (excluding
the Kings vote) in both Houses gets the King's
vote in Commons. The player controlling
Henry loses this vote. (Henry is considered
to be temporarily incapacitated).
ADVANCED GAME CROWN CARD KEY
Card
Duke of
Lancaster and
Duke of York
(titled Noble)
No. in
Deck
2
French A id
Mercenary
King's Pardon
2
Allotment
Notes
Immediately given to the faction which captures
the first in succession of the appropriate royal
house. May be allocated offices, etc. It need not
be played immediately. When played, the
appropriate noble counter is placed in one of
the castle(s) named on the card.
If the royal heir first in succession is killed the
card plus all awards is given to player who controls
next In line or next successor when captured.
The counter remains in position. If noble himself is
killed he is immediately returned to the faction
controlling the proper royal heir, but all awards
are lost. Neither noble has any vote in either house
of Parliament.
May be allocated to a Noble in Calais or the
Continent only. It allows unlimited naval trans­
port to controlling faction one way from Calais
or Continent to England, Ships are not pro­
vided.
Can never be transferred but may be traded. It can
only be used once in an attack or siege. Afterwards
if is immediately returned to the bottom of the
Crown deck.
Used to prevent a captured noble from being
executed. The pardoned noble is released from
capture and returns to his faction with all of his
awards. (May be used at any time reQardless of
number of Kings in play). Counter remains in
position.
Held in hand until used. Once used it is placed in
Chancery. During Parliament most votes in both
Houses determines whether it returns to Chancery
or the Crown deck. Tradeable.
12
E
p
E
Crown Card Distribution
In a four player game, each player was dealt nine cards.
Player A
o
'~/
Deal
,
/
CAEYSTOJl:[
::~'~
..""o.o,.~..,
~
40
'0
::~
..."""o.o,,~.
NORTHAMPTON
DUC"YO'U"C"~T1"
,
.14
.
,·_
::,.
"- ;
;:'.-~
10
11 lSO
to Chancery
Result of Distribution
'\
" ~.~"'~ ~ ,..,,,1(•
-
~IOC'"
()' , .... , ..
...........'·".Ol,lO".
~
GREYSTOKE
10
"~
50
;O:~~::;;.~...::~
. .,
30
40
100
10
Troop Strength 100
Troop Strength 160
Player A separates and places in front of him his two Nobles. Neville and Greystoke. He has two titles but can only allocate one
as Neville is already titled. He chooses to give the earl of Richmond. the more powerful office. to his untitled noble. Greystoke The
'1itle. earl of Salisbury. must be placed, face down. in Chancery. Both of his Nobles are now titled and each can receive one office
With three offices available, Player A must lose one to Chancery. He chooses to give to Neville. his more powerful Noble. the
Chancellor of E"ngland and to Greystoke. the Marshal of England. The Chancellor of the Duchy of Cornwall follows the earl of
Salisbury to Chancery. Although Player A may seem to be better served by giving the Marshall to Neville. This office's strength is
deceptive for the Noble awarded it is frequently removed from the scene of action to quell raids or revolts In the kingdom. The
remaining mercenary and town cards may be allocated, in any combination, to either or both Nobles. Player A decides to allocate
the town to Neville and the mercenary to Greystoke
Player B
1.,H1 01 W"~llll~~r~
SWANSEA
~~
Deal
.....
ROOS
20
­ ....
. -....
A~~~
.~:;r~.,._ .... L':.,~ ~,;:: ..
"''-Cd'
,~".,'-
40
20
IPSWICH
CARISBROOKE
~~~
Result of Distribution
~.~
(9=
t(l""'.'O~IIl("~{".~m'O• •11l
.
'.~
,h
",·..·20..··,·
'JY.
to Chancery
/
Aoas
20
40
50
20
20
Troop Strength 130
Receiving Just one Noble. Roos. Player B must allocate to him as many of his cards as he can. Of the two titles available, he gives
him the earl of Westmorland, the more powerful title. and he loses the duke of Exeter to Chancery The one office. Warden of the
Cinque Ports can be given to Roos now that he had been titled. The remaining cards. having no allocation restrictions set upon
them. can all be given to Roos
Player C
Deal
/
',~.
~.
/
HASIINCS
... (pe£Al
10
10
..
SCAOPE
10
-~~~.""'~
$1' H.~CCW .. " ."UI",
... ,.......,. ,
NOTTINGNAM
1;.<.520,'
~
. . .~),.",
O'C"UT[ •
"
..... " '. . •..01
,
· · ' ..
.......
, 'I­
30
13
~-'=~
Result of Distribution
.~
I'~"
'0
',·I ..
'Y
~,
)1
HERBERT
'~-,
30
'''-;'21~O''''
30
Troop Strength
SCRQPE
'0
'0
20
to Chancery
/'
I1"STl~GS
Troop Strength 60 Troop Strength 10
Player C has been dealt three untitled Nobles and just one title Only the Noble allocated a title can be allocated an office Player
C must think ahead. He has a very powerful office, the Chamberlain of the County Palatine of Chester, and he would like to allocate
it to a Noble who can gain the greatest advantage from it. Herbert who has a castle in Wales seems to be the most promising
candidate. He is allocated the title and the office. The remaining office, Treasurer of England, is sent to Chancery. The two
mercenaries and one town card are allocated to Hastings and Herbert. Player C, desiring not to dissipate his strength, has left
Scrope without any awards.
­..
, ...."0-"'1......
" ,.,.,
.}It
Player D
Deal
~"_.
..~s
.
/'
30
Result of Distribution
I~-c.
OOURCHIU'l
10
,
30
(1)50
~
FIT:~~""
--.
._
1301
:\
.......
. "u
...
_"'h'."<t"'o_'•
:­
~
(1)50
Troop Strength 30 Troop Strength 40 Troop Strength BO
Player D has received two titled Nobles, one untitled Noble and, fortunately, one title. He cannot allocate the title to Beaufort or
Fitzalan for they are already titled. But by allocating the earl of Worcester to aourchier, Player D has available, three titled Nobles,
all of whom are eligible to receive an office. With but one office and a mixed blessing at that (the Warden is the second most
summoned office in the Event deck), Player D chooses to allocate it to Fitzalan, the least powerful of the three. The remaining Crown
cards can be distributed in any rnanner. Player D allocates his two bishop cards to Beaufort, available for coronation, in case
Beaufort should become first in line of successsion. NOTE: All cards in the deal were either allocated to a Noble or placed in
Chancery. No player can hold a card of the initial deal.
Movement
Player A wishes to move one of his
Nobles, Neville, situated in Bristol to the
friendly port of Dover where the ship, Le
Michael, is stationed to transport him to
Calais and, thence, to another friendly port,
Berwick.
Immediately, Player A must make a
decision, whether to move Neville overland
or by road. Certainly the moSt advanta­
geous route would be by road which allows
Neville to arrive at Dover in one move but
there is one qualification. Oxford, Walling­
ford and London each block the road and
must either be friendly to Neville's faction
or under the control of another player
willing to allow Neville passage lhrough.
Unfortunately, Wallingford is neutral and
so it is impossible to proceed further than
that square in his move. Berkeley and
Canterbury also block the road but, being in
the entry and exit square, respectively,
cannot prevent Neville from entering or
leaving the road in those squares. Remem­
ber, a Noble may enter a road at any point in
the entry square and exit the road at any
point in the exit square.
Player A decides 10 move Neville
overland through the Oxford and St. Albans
squares into the London square. This is his
five square move for this turn. Although
Player A has a "Free Move" card, he
refrains from playing at this time.
Fortunately, in the ensuing round
Neville has been unmolested and is ready
to continue in Player A's next turn. Neville
reaches Dover with 2 squares remaining in
his move. He is not allowed to continue out
to sea but must wait at the port until the
start of his next move. Player Adecides that
this is an opportune time to utilize the "Free
Move." Both Neville and Le Michael start
the move in port and so fulfill the require­
ments to embark and move out to sea. At a
troop strength capacity of 100, Le Michael
is just large enough to transport Neville's
strength of 100 troops. Allhough two
counters are being moved, only one "Free
Move" need be played since Neville is
moving as a passenger.
Calais is easily reached being just two
squares from Dover. Normally, if Calais
were unfriendly or neutral, Neville could
not land there, being too weak to besiege
the port; but in a previous turn, Player A had
sent Percy, another of his Nobles, who with
his awards had a total troop strength of 200
to besiege Ca lais. The siege was successfu I
14
though, unfortunately, he had been killed in
the process Even so, Calais is considered
captured and friendly to the faction. Neville
is free to land and capture Richard. duke of
Gloucester, who is still inside. At this point,
Neville ends his move.
In his next turn, Player A is ready to
embark Neville, joined by Richard who
must now accompa'ny at least one Noble of
the faction at all times. He moves Le
Michael with the passengers the full
movement allowance to the square that is
two squares east of Berwick. From here, Le
Michael can move to Berwick if forced to
port by storm.
During the ensuing round, Player A
hopes for just that but is disappointed until,
on the last chance. he, himself, draws a
"Storms at Sea" Evenl card in his turn. He
immediately moves Le Michael to Berwick,
the closest port of his choice. Neither
Neville nor Le Michael are prevented from
moving in the movement phase because
movement as a result of directions of an
Event card does not affect regular move­
ment. Neville has reached his destination
and decides to end his move here. Player A
moves Le Michael five squares back toward
Dover.
Combat
A force composed of the following Nobles of Player B's faction enters the
Coventry square.
GAEY
tiQWARD
20
.0
'0
10
30
20
Troop Strer1gth
Troop Strength
Truop Strength
Troop Streng II,
80
170
50
10
In his hand, Player B holds:
CQIIl'UI.w:OfIC01
. . .tlO' ••
,
,
\,
20
These cards have been drawn during
retained in the owner's hand and, as
In the Coventry square are situated
players. Player C controls two forces.
the previous Crown Deck Phases but were
of yet. have not been played.
three separate forces controlled by two other
One in the open and comprised of:
,r'j}(' ;
'";'
""';"""'
COUATE~
~'
30
ROOS
HERBERT
20
10
40
(2}50
20
Troop Strength Troop Strength Troop Strenqth Troop Srrenglh
120
AO
60
10
and accompanied by Henry VI. Another in Coventry and comprised of
SCROPE
10
40
'0
Troop Strength 100
and accompanied by Edward, Prince of Wales. In his hand, Player C holds:
Player C could have concentrated the whole force in Coventry but he preferred
keeping the bulk of his force in the open away from the danger of plague.
Player D, also, has a force occupying the Coventry square in the open.
~~
BEAUFORT
STANLEY
GRE'l'STOI([
30
~o
10
30
100
Troop Strength
60
Troop Strength
130
Troop Strength
50
Troop
trongth
1(1
In his hand, Player D holds:
~.m",o""
un
[dl~~"""O'O'''O''';'
·(;'isO·..,.. ' ==eN"
'i;;' <_.'""''';~ '--~"7,
~
"O~"'I"""·U"'H~(
,,,,,,,,,,.-,-,~
o,)f T", _.",..
30
'"0;-'
:~
15
Player B has three separate targets
which his force may attack. To capture
Scrope and Edward, Prince of Wales, he
must besiege Coventry. The garrison
strength is 200 which with the troop
strength of Scrope combines for a total
defense of 300. Player B has more than
enough troops to match this strength and
conduct the siege but he must always keep
in mind that Player C can add cards from his
hand to Scrope. The probability that the
siege might fail is but 1 in 6 which is the
probability that a "Bad Weather Delays
Attack" result would be drawn.
An attack on Player C's force in the open
has less chance of success. It would have to
be waged as a battle. The ratio of troop
strength of the two forces is 310 to 270
which reduces to less than 5 to 4, the
minimum odds for a successful attack.
Player B knows that he can readjust these
odds by alloca:ing cards from his hand to
Nobles of his force; but. even if he added
both the office and the mercenary, he could
only readjust the ratio to 5 to 4 in his favor.
This has just a 1 in 6 chance for success. If
Player C is able to allocate, by awards, 40
troops from his hand to his force, he can
readjust the odds back below 5 to 4. This
attack appears to be very unfavorable.
The remaining attack open to Player B
would be a battle against Player D's force
also in the open The ratio of troop strength
between these two forces wou ld be 310 to
250 again below 5 to 4. With the additions
from his hand, Player B can raise the ratio
to 380 to 250 or 3 to 2 in his favor. This is
still highly risky with but a 1 in 3 chance for
success, but it is a 200% improvement over
the other battle. Player B, again, must keep
in mind that Player D may be able to add
cards from his hand to his force readjusting
the odds in an unfavorable direction.
Of Player B's three choices of attack, the
siege is most likely to succeed; but. for
purposes of illustration, a recreation of all
three attacks will be described.
Player B decides to besiege Coventry.
Counting the troop strength for both the
attacker and defender, he has 10 troops
more than is necessary to match the 300
troops defending the town. He can leave
Howard, with a troop strength of 10, out of
the siege protecting him from death if his
name should appear in the "Nobles Killed"
section of the Event card. He decides not to,
though, in case Player C should increase
Scrope's troop strength with a Crown card
from his hand. Of course, Player C cannot
add the duke of Exeter, the only card in his
hand, to Scrope as he is already titled but
Player B does not realize this.
Player B draws an Event card and
checks the combat results section, ignoring
the instructions and the ratio of victory. As
fate would have it. the two Nobles killed are
Audley and Howard. Audley is not involved
in the conflict and, therefore, is not
affected; but Howard is. His counter is
removed from play and his Noble card is
placed at the bottom of the Crown deck. If
he had any awards, these too, would be
returned to the Crown deck or Chancery.
Before the Event card was drawn,
Player C had the opportunity to execute
Edward, preventing his capture, but cannot
do so subsequently. The moment that the
result of combat is determined, the losing
side no longer has control of any captured
royal heirs.
As a result of the successful siege, both
Edward and Scrope are captured. Player 8
decides to keep and support Edward for the
throne. Scrope, he offers back to Player C
for ransom, Player C cannot trade the title
in his hand but offers to transfer the control
of London, awarded to Mowbray who is in
the same square, to Player 8. This is
accepted and Scrope with his title and
office remains in Player C's faction. His
counter stays in the Coventry square in the
open, apart from Pla'fer C's other force.
Coventry is now under the control of Player
8's faction. If the identifying Town card is in
play, it should be given immediately to
Player 8. In any case, a faction counter can
be used to identify the town as being under
his control. When the Town card is drawn,
it should be given immediately to Player 8.
Town cards of captured towns are always
placed by themselves indicating that they
are under the control of the faction and not
a specific Noble.
In the battle against Player C's force in
the open, Player 8 decides to add the
Chancellor 01 the Duchy 01 Cornwall office
to the titled Noble, Grey, changing the
original battle, ratio of 31 0: 270 to 360: 270
(reduced to 5 to 4 rounded down). Player C
adds the duke 01 Exeter to Herbert readjust­
Ing the ratio a second time to 360 to 290 or
less than 5 to 4. Player 8 has no choice but
to allocate the Scots Archers Mercenary
card to one of his four nobles. In this case
he gives the card to Howard. This readjust~
the ratio a third time up to 380 290 which
is 10 more than is needed to gain a 5 to 4.
Player C is unable to readjust the ratio as he
holds no other Crown cards in his hand and
the 5 to 4 ratio stands. For Player 8 to win
the battle, he must draw a 5 to 4 victory
ratio on the Event card. Player C, recogniz­
ing the slim chance of success, chooses not
to execute Henry.
Player 8 draws an Event card which lists
4-1 as the ratio for victory and Clifford and
Courtenay as the Nobles killed. The battle is
indecisive since the victory odds, 4 to 1, is
greater than the troop strength ratio, 5 to 4,
of the battle. One of the two Nobles named
in the "Nobles Killed" section, Courtenay,
is participating in the battle and is killed. His
counter is removed from the board, his
Noble card is placed under the Crown deck
and his office is placed on the Chancery
pile. Although the result of this battle was
indecisive, Player 8 was fortunate to
weaken the strength of Player C's faction
through the death of Courtenay.
In the third attack, Player 8 battles the
force controlled by Player D. 8y allocating
the Chancellor 01 the Duchy 01 Cornwall to
Grey and the Scots Archers to anyone of
the Nobles, he will be able to increase his
troop strength to 380 giving him a 380 to
250 advantage in troop strength ratio. This
is enough to guarantee a 3-2 odds in his
favor. Player D decides to lower this ratio by
allocating the earl 01 Worcester to Stanley
and the Chancellor 01 England to 8eaufort.
This increases the troop strength of his
force to 330. more than enough to reduce
the strength ratio to below 5 to 4. Player 8
seeing that he hasn't enough strength to
acquire the minimum ratio for victory, calls
off his attack instead. He cannot transfer
his attack to one of the other two forces and
must be content with no combat,
Parliament
Player D has moved a noble of hiS
faction to Hereford (unoccupied) with the
Intention of summoning Parliament. At this
point of the game there are two Kings in
play, Richard of York and Margaret of
Anjou Player C was able to crown Richard,
the 1st in line of succession in the houseof
York, King in the city of York where he was
located by allocating the archbishop of York
to Mowbray, one of his Nobles Mowbray,
as the archbishop, was awarded the control
of the city of York into which he immediate­
ly proceeded As York is a cathedral city and
Mowbray had the archbishop of York, with
Player C's announcement that Richard was
crowned King of England, all conditions for
a coronation were fulfrlled.
Player 8, whose faction had captured
Margaret. had a more difficult time crown­
ing her, Queen Regent. As second in line of
succession in the house of Lancaster,
Margaret is eligible for coronation only
upon the death of Henry VI, the present
King. 8y chance, plague struck London,
killing Henry, before he could be captured
or summoned away by an Embassy With
the eligibility of Margaret assured, Player 8
confronted another obstacle. He had no
bishops or archbishops in his faction,
available to perform the ceremony. He was
able to strike a bargain, though, with Player
D who had two bishops allocated to Percy, a
noble in his faction. 8y mutual agreement,
Percy moved to Salisbury, a cathedral and
unfortified town, in anticipation of Margar­
et's arrival in Player 8's next turn. With all
requirements for coronation being fulfilled,
Player B announced that Margaret had
been crowned Queen Regent of England.
This move certainly worked into Player
D's plans. Not only had he allocated two
bishops to Percy but he llad also allocated
the office of the Chancellor of England to
him. With two Kings in play, only he can
now summon Parliament. He must
though, fulfill two requirements to sum~
mon Parliament·
1. The Chancellor (Percy) must occupy
a town, unfortified town or city
(not a castle or Calais). 8y moving
Percy from the coronation site
Salisbury, to the open town of Here~
ford, Player D has fulfilled this first
requirement (altllough he could
have remained in Salisbury, it be­
ing a legal Parliamentary site). Al­
though, neither Percy nor any other
Noble of his faction controls or can
control Hereford, he may enter this
open town freely if it is unoccupied;
otherwise, Player D must either get
permission from the player whose
Nobles occupy the town or he must
successfully besiege it to enler
2. If the Chancellor summons Par­
liament, he mUSI be able to play
one "Parliament" card. He must.
also, have at least one "writ" card
to utilize in summoning a Noble
of another player's faction. Player
D has been able 10 draw one "Par­
liament" and several "writ" cards
in the previous rounds.
With both of the requirements fulfilled,
Player D <lnnounces upon the conclusion of
the Combat Phase of his turn that he is
summoning Parliament in Hereford. He
16
plays the "Parliament" card which gives
the Chancellor the right to do so and he
plays a "writ" card on Hastings, a Noble in
Player As faction. Although Hastings is in
8amburgh, because of the suspension of
movement limitations when moving to
Parliament, he must proceed directly to
Hereford. Player D may use other "writ"
cards to summon other Nobles but is not
required to do so. He decides to retain them
to utilize in a subsequent Parliament. 80th
of the expended cards are placed on the
discard pile.
All players must now make a decision
whether they wish to voluntarily send their
Nobles to Parliament. They should keep in
mind that for each Noble in attendance
Player D may draw one card from Chancer~
and that their Nobles need not be al
Parliament to be eligible for an award.
Player 8 and C decide not to attend. Player
A, fearing for the safety of Hastings, does
decide to send his Nobles, consolidating his
faction in the process. He plays a Noble,
8eaufort, that he has been holding in his
hand and moves him along with Courtenay
and Stanley, Nobles of his faction already in
play, to Hereford. Stanley, though in
Douglas, can move to Parliament since
Player A has a ship available and large
enough to transport him. Player A just
moves the ship to Douglas, embarks
Stanley, moves to any friendly port, unforti­
fied port or Kingston, if unoccupied by
unfriendly Nobles, and disembarks him.
Stanley then proceeds to Parliament.
Player D sends his other two nobles,
8erkeley and Audley.
There are seven Nobles in attendance
allowing Player D to draw 7 cards from
Chancery. He can draw only 5 as that is the
number of cards residing there at this time.
He must now distribute these cards to
those Nobles which can be allocated offices
and/or titles Of course, he looks to his own
Nobles first. Percy is permanently titled and
haS the office of Chancellor of England so
cannOI be awarded a title or office; but, of
his other two, only 8erkeley has been
awarded a title He gives, to 8erkeley, the
Chamberlain of the County Palatine of
Chester and, to Audley, the earl of Worces­
ter and the Admiral of England To Hast­
ings, he allocates the duke of Exeter and, to
Talbot. a Noble in Player B's faction, he
allocates the Constable of Dover Castle.
After distributing all of the cards, Parlia­
ment is ended No combat may take place in
the Hereford square until Player D's next
turn.
There is one point to remember. Al­
though the player summoning Parliament
may choose to which Nobles he may
allocate the offices and titles that he draws
from Chancery, he must distribute as many
as possible even if it means to eligible
Nobles who are a part of unfriendly fac­
tions.
E OF ODDS
Ma-orit *
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
Weaker 200
Force 210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240
250
260
270
280
290
300
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
400
410
5_41 1Y<.)
1
3_2(1%)
1
2-1(~
40
50
70
80
90
100
120
130
140
150
170
180
190
200
220
230
240
250
270
280
290
300
320
330
340
350
370
380
390
400
420
430
440
450
470
480
490
500
30
50
60
80
90
110
120
140
150
170
180
200
210
230
240
260
270
290
300
320
330
350
360
380
390
410
420
440
450
470
480
500
510
530
540
560
570
590
600
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
380
400
420
440
460
480
500
520
540
560
580
600
620
640
660
680
700
720
740
760
780
800
4-1 (~)
3-1 (;i)
1
30
60
90
120
150
180
210
240
270
300
330
360
390
420
450
480
510
540
570
600
630
660
690
720
750
780
810
840
870
900
930
960
990
1020
1050
1080
1110
1140
1170
1200
40
80
120
160
200
240
280
320
360
400
440
480
520
560
600
640
680
720
760
800
840
880
920
960
1000
1040
1080
1120
1160
1200
1240
1280
1320
1360
1400
1440
1480
1520
1560
1600
-Advanced Game only
HOW TO USE THE TABLE
1. The weaker force locates his troop strength along the left-hand column.
2. The stronger force reads
acro~s
the row containing the weaker force's strength to locate his troop strength.
3. If his strength is not listed he must choose the closest smaller strength.
4. The head of the column containing the larger force's troop strength lists the ratio for the battle.
EXAMPLE:
A force wi th a troop strengt h of 410 attac ks a smaller force wi th a troop strength of 280.
1. Defender locates his strength on the SMALLER FORCE COLUMN.
2. Attacker reads along the row headed by 280_ The values are 290, 350, 420,560,840, 1120. None of these values corresponds to
his strength of 410.
3. He locates the closest smaller value to 410 which is 350.
4. Reading up the column he discovers that the 350 is in the 5-4 column. The ratio for the battle is 5-4.
To win, the attacker must pick a card containing a ratio of 5-4 or less. All other ratios are greater, a selection of which would result
in an indecisive battle.
23
GRID LOCATION TABLE
NAME
CODE
DESCRIPTION
NAME
CODE
DESCRIPTION
Abingdon
Alnwick
Appleby
Arundel
Ashby
Bamburgh
Barnet
Bath
Beaumaris
Belvoir
Berkeley
Berwick
Beverly
Blackheath
Bodmin
Boston
Brecon
Bristol
Burton
Bury (St. Edmunds)
Caernarvon
Caister
Calais
Canterbury
Cardiff
Cardigan
Carisbrooke
Carlisle
Castle Rising
Chester
Cheviots
Chichester
Chillingham
Chirk
Cockermouth
Colchester
Compton
Conisborough
Continent
F-4
A-4
B-3
G-4
0-4
A-4
F-5
F-3
0-1
0-4
F-5
A-4
C-5
F-5
G-1
D-5
E-2
F-3
D-4
E-6
D-2
E-6
G-6
F-6
F-2
E-1
G-4
A-3
0-6
D-3
A-3
G-4
A-3
D-2
B-2
F-6
G-2
C-4
G-6
Lichfield
Lincoln
L1anstephan
London
Ludlow
Lynn
Maldon
Masham
Milford Haven
Newark
Newbury
Newcastle Castle
Newcastle Town
Northampton
Norwich
Nottingham
Ogmore
Okehampton
Oxford
Penzance
Pevensy
Pleshy
Plymouth
Preston
Raby
Ravenser
Rhuddlan
Richmond
Rochester
Rockingham
Rotherham
Royston
Rye
Sandal
Salisbury
Scotland
D-2
G-3
E-4
G-2
E-4
0-2
G-1, G-2
B-2
F-6
B-4
0-3
G-2
F-4
E-5
E-6
0-4
0-2
C-4
E-3
E-6
A-1
C-5
E-4
E-5
B-3
F-5
E-4
E-3
0-4
F-1
F-5
E-3
0-5
F-6
B-4
F-1
0-4
F-4
0-3
A-4
E-4
E-6
D-4
F-2
G-2
F-4
G-1
G-5
F-5
G-2
C-3
B-4
C-5
0-2
B-4
F-5
E-4
D-4
E-5
G-6
C-4
G-3
A-1,A-2,
A-3
0-3
G-4
F-4
E-1
E-2
F-2
0-5
G-2
B-4
C-5
E-3
E-5
0-4
C-4
0-3
F-3
0-1,0-2,
0-3, E-1,
E-2, F-1,
F-2, F-3
C-4
F-4
E-4
F-3
G-3
B-4
E-6
F-5
C-4
C-4
Unfortified town
Town, Cathedral
Castle
City, Cathedral, Port
Castle
Town, Port
Unfortified town, Port
Castle
Unfortified town, Port
Town
Unfortified town
Castle
Town
Town
City, Cathedral
Town
Castle
Castle
Town
Unfortified town, Port
Royal Castle, Port
Castle
Town, Port
Unfortified town, Port
Castle
Unfortified town, Port
Royal Castle
Castle
Unfortified town, Port
Castle
Unfortified town
Unfortified town
Unfortified town, Port
Castle
Unfortified town, Cathedral
North of Cheviots
Conway
Corle
Coventry
Dartmouth
Oaventry
Denbigh
Devon and Cornwall
Douglas
Oover
Durham
Eccleshall
Exeter
Farnham
Fotheringhay
Framlingham
Grantham
Harlech
Helmsley
Hereford
Ipswich
Ireland
Kingston
Kenilworth
Kimbolton
Lancaster
Leeds
Leicester
Unfortified town
Castle
Castle
Castle
Unfortified town
Royal Castle, Port
Unfortified town
Unfortified town
Royal Castle, Island, Port
Castle
Castle
Town, Port
Unfortified town
Unfortified town
Unfortified town
Unfortified town, Port
Unfortified town
City, Port
Unfortified town
Unfortified town
Royal Cast Ie, Port
Unfortified town, Port
Town, Port, Square
Town, Cathedral
Unfortified Town, Port
Open Town
Royal Castle, Port
Town, Cathedral
Castle
Town, Cathedral
Range of Hills
Unfortified town, Port
Castle
Castle
Castle
Town, Port
Cast I\!
Castle
Foreign areas of Europe;
a Port
Royal Castle
Castle, Port
Town, Cathedral
Unfortified town, Port
Unfortified town
Castle
Counties
Castle, Port
Royal Castle, Port
Town, Cathedral
Unfortified town
Town, Cathedral, Port
Castle
Royal Castle
Castle
Unfortified town
Royal Castle
Castle
Open Town
Town, Port
Tip of Ireland; a Port
Open Town, Port
Royal Castle
Castle
Town
Castle
Town
.
Shrewsbury
Southampton
SI. Albans
St. David's
Stokestay
Swansea
Tattershall
Taunton
Tees
Trent
Tewkesbury
Thetford
Tickhill
Towton
Tutbury
Usk
Wales
Wakefield
Wallingford
Warwick
Wells
Weymouth
Whitby
Wingfield
Windsor
Wressle
York
Copyright 1976. The Avalon Hill Game Company
Town
Town, Port
Unfortified town
Unfortified town, Cathedral
Castle
Town, Port
Castle
Unfortified town
River
River
Unfortified town
Unfortified town
Castle
Unfortified town
Castle
Castle
Recently independent,
now part of England
Unfortified town
Royal Castle
Castle
Unfortified town, Cathedral
Unfortified town, Port
Unfortified town, Port
Castle
Royal Castle
Castle
City, Cathedral
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