Untitled
Vigor2960
Dual-WAN Security Firewall
User’s Guide
Version: 1.0
Firmware Version: V1.0.5_RC7
(For future update, contact DrayTek)
Date: 30/07/2012
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Copyright Information
Copyright
Declarations
Copyright 2012 All rights reserved. This publication contains information that is
protected by copyright. No part may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language without written permission from the
copyright holders.
Trademarks
The following trademarks are used in this document:
z
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
z
Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista and Explorer are
trademarks of Microsoft Corp.
z
Apple and Mac OS are registered trademarks of Apple Inc.
z
Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
manufacturers.
Safety Instructions and Approval
Safety
Instructions
Warranty
z
z
Read the installation guide thoroughly before you set up the router.
The router is a complicated electronic unit that may be repaired only be
authorized and qualified personnel. Do not try to open or repair the router
yourself.
z
Do not place the router in a damp or humid place, e.g. a bathroom.
z
The router should be used in a sheltered area, within a temperature range of +5 to
+40 Celsius.
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Do not expose the router to direct sunlight or other heat sources. The housing and
electronic components may be damaged by direct sunlight or heat sources.
z
Do not deploy the cable for LAN connection outdoor to prevent electronic shock
hazards.
z
Keep the package out of reach of children.
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When you want to dispose of the router, please follow local regulations on
conservation of the environment.
We warrant to the original end user (purchaser) that the router will be free from any
defects in workmanship or materials for a period of two (2) years from the date of
purchase from the dealer. Please keep your purchase receipt in a safe place as it serves
as proof of date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase,
should the product have indications of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or
materials, we will, at our discretion, repair or replace the defective products or
components, without charge for either parts or labor, to whatever extent we deem
necessary tore-store the product to proper operating condition. Any replacement will
consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally equivalent product of equal value, and
will be offered solely at our discretion. This warranty will not apply if the product is
modified, misused, tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal
working conditions. The warranty does not cover the bundled or licensed software of
other vendors. Defects which do not significantly affect the usability of the product will
not be covered by the warranty. We reserve the right to revise the manual and online
documentation and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without
obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
Be a Registered
Owner
Web registration is preferred. You can register your Vigor router via
http://www.draytek.com.
Firmware & Tools
Updates
Due to the continuous evolution of DrayTek technology, all routers will be regularly
upgraded. Please consult the DrayTek web site for more information on newest
firmware, tools and documents.
http://www.draytek.com
Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
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European Community Declarations
Manufacturer:
Address:
Product:
DrayTek Corp.
No. 26, Fu Shing Road, HuKou Township, HsinChu Industrial Park, Hsin-Chu County, Taiwan
303
Vigor2960
DrayTek Corp. declares that Vigor2960 of routers are in compliance with the following essential requirements
and other relevant provisions of EC, Directive 2004/108/EC.
The product conforms to the requirements of Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC by
complying with the requirements set forth in EN55022/Class A and EN55024/Class A.
The product conforms to the requirements of Low Voltage (LVD) Directive 2006/95/EC by complying with the
requirements set forth in EN60950-1.
Regulatory Information
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
z
z
z
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device may accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Please visit http://www.draytek.com/user/AboutRegulatory.php.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Preface .............................................................................................................1
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation ...................................................................................... 1
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors ................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Hardware Installation.................................................................................................................... 4
1.3.1 Network Connection ................................................................................................................4
1.3.2 Wall-Mounted Installation ........................................................................................................5
Chapter 2: Initial Configuration ........................................................................................7
2.1 Changing Password ..................................................................................................................... 7
2.2 Quick Start Wizard........................................................................................................................ 9
2.2.1 Step 1 – Specifying the WAN Profile .......................................................................................9
2.2.2 Step 2 - Configuring the Selected Protocol ...........................................................................10
2.3 Register Vigor Router................................................................................................................. 17
Chapter 3: Application and Tutorial................................................................................21
3.1 How to Build SSL VPN with RDP Service in the Browser via Logging in Router's HTTPS Server?
.......................................................................................................................................................... 21
3.2 How to Configure OSPF?........................................................................................................... 26
3.3 How to Configure LAN to LAN IPSec Tunnel between Vigor2960 and Other Router................ 32
Chapter 4: Advanced Configuration...............................................................................35
4.1 WAN ........................................................................................................................................... 35
4.1.1 General Setup........................................................................................................................36
4.1.2 Default Route.........................................................................................................................49
4.1.3 Load Balance.........................................................................................................................50
4.2 LAN ............................................................................................................................................ 58
4.2.1 General Setup........................................................................................................................58
4.2.2 IP Routing ..............................................................................................................................73
4.2.3 Static Route ...........................................................................................................................75
4.2.3 Switch
...............................................................................................................................82
4.2.4 Bind IP to MAC ......................................................................................................................85
4.2.5 RIP Configuration ..................................................................................................................87
4.2.6 OSPF Configuration...............................................................................................................89
4.3 NAT............................................................................................................................................. 91
4.3.1 Port Redirection .....................................................................................................................91
4.3.2 DMZ Host ...............................................................................................................................95
4.3.3 Address Mapping...................................................................................................................98
4.3.4 SIP ALG .............................................................................................................................101
4.4 Firewall ..................................................................................................................................... 101
4.4.1 Filter Setup ..........................................................................................................................102
4.4.2 DoS Defense .......................................................................................................................116
4.4.3 MAC Block ...........................................................................................................................118
4.5 Objects Setting ......................................................................................................................... 120
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4.5.1 IP Object .............................................................................................................................121
4.5.2 IP Group .............................................................................................................................124
4.5.3 Service Type Object ............................................................................................................126
4.5.4 Service Type Group.............................................................................................................128
4.5.5 Keyword Object ...................................................................................................................131
4.5.6 Keyword Group....................................................................................................................133
4.5.7 File Extension Object...........................................................................................................135
4.5.8 IM Object 138
4.5.9 P2P Object...........................................................................................................................141
4.5.10 Protocol Object ..................................................................................................................143
4.5.11 Web Category Object ........................................................................................................145
4.5.12 Time Object .......................................................................................................................150
4.5.13 Time Group........................................................................................................................152
4.6 User Management.................................................................................................................... 154
4.6.1 General Setup......................................................................................................................154
4.6.2 User Profile ..........................................................................................................................158
4.6.3 User Group ..........................................................................................................................163
4.6.4 RADIUS .............................................................................................................................165
4.6.5 LDAP/Active Directory .........................................................................................................166
4.7 Application ................................................................................................................................ 167
4.7.1 Dynamic DNS ......................................................................................................................167
4.7.2 GVRP
.............................................................................................................................172
4.7.3 IGMP Proxy .........................................................................................................................173
4.7.4 UPnP
.............................................................................................................................173
4.7.5 Wake on LAN.......................................................................................................................176
4.8 VPN and Remote Access......................................................................................................... 177
4.8.1 VPN Client Wizard ...............................................................................................................177
4.8.2 VPN Server Wizard..............................................................................................................182
4.8.3 Remote Access Control .......................................................................................................188
4.8.4 PPP General Setup .............................................................................................................189
4.8.5 IPSec General Setup ...........................................................................................................191
4.8.6 VPN Profiles ........................................................................................................................192
4.8.7 VPN Trunk Management .....................................................................................................204
4.8.8 Connection Management ....................................................................................................210
4.9 Certificate Management ............................................................................................................211
4.9.1 Local Certificate ...................................................................................................................212
4.9.2 Trusted CA Certificate .........................................................................................................216
4.10 SSL VPN ................................................................................................................................ 217
4.10.1 SSL Web Proxy .................................................................................................................217
4.10.2 SSL Application .................................................................................................................219
4.10.3 Online User Status.............................................................................................................224
4.11 Bandwidth Management......................................................................................................... 225
4.11.1 Incoming Class ..................................................................................................................225
4.11.2 Incoming Filter ...................................................................................................................229
4.11.3 Outgoing Class ..................................................................................................................232
4.11.4 Outgoing Filter ...................................................................................................................238
4.11.5 Sessions Limit....................................................................................................................241
4.11.6 Bandwidth Limit .................................................................................................................243
4.12 System Maintenance.............................................................................................................. 246
4.12.1 TR-069 .............................................................................................................................246
4.12.2 Administrator Password.....................................................................................................247
4.12.3 Configuration Backup ........................................................................................................248
4.12.4 Syslog / Mail Alert ..............................................................................................................250
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
4.12.5 Time and Date ...................................................................................................................254
4.12.6 Access Control...................................................................................................................255
4.12.7 SNMP Setup ......................................................................................................................256
4.12.8 Reboot System ..................................................................................................................257
4.12.9 Firmware Upgrade .............................................................................................................258
4.13 Diagnostics............................................................................................................................. 259
4.13.1 Routing Table ....................................................................................................................259
4.13.2 ARP Cache Table ..............................................................................................................262
4.13.3 DHCP Table.......................................................................................................................265
4.13.4 NAT Session Table............................................................................................................266
4.13.5 Traffic Graph......................................................................................................................267
4.13.6 Web Console .....................................................................................................................269
4.13.7 Ping/Trace Route...............................................................................................................269
4.13.8 Data Flow Monitor..............................................................................................................270
4.14 External Devices .................................................................................................................... 271
4.15 Product Registration............................................................................................................... 272
Chapter 5: Trouble Shooting.........................................................................................273
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not......................................................................... 273
5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your Computer Is OK or Not ...................... 274
5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer .................................................................................. 276
5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not ............................................................................. 277
5.5 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary...................................................................... 278
5.6 Contacting Your Dealer ............................................................................................................ 279
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Chapter 1: Preface
The Vigor2960 Series integrates a rich suite of functions, including NAT, firewall, VPN,
load balance, and bandwidth management capability. These products are very suitable for
providing multi-integrated solutions to SME markets.
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is an extension of a private network that encompasses
links across shared or public networks like an Intranet. A VPN enables you to send data
between two computers across a shared public Internet network in a manner that emulates
the properties of a point-to-point private link. The DrayTek Vigor2960 Series VPN router
supports Internet-industry standards technology to provide customers with open,
interoperable VPN solutions such as X.509, DHCP over Internet Protocol Security (IPSec)
up to 500 tunnels, and Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP).
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation
Several main buttons appeared on the web pages are defined as the following:
Save and apply current settings.
Cancel current settings and recover to the previous saved settings, or
discard the settings configured in the page.
Go to next page.
Return to the previous page.
Complete the setting configuration.
Note: For the other buttons shown on the web pages, please refer to Chapter 4 for detailed
explanation.
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors
Before you use the Vigor router, please get acquainted with the LED indicators and
connectors first. The displays of LED indicators and connectors for the routers are different
slightly.
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Description for LED
LED
ACT (Activity)
Status
Blinking
CSM
Off
On
VPN
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The port is connected with 10/100Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 1000Mbps.
The port is connected with 10/100Mbps.
On
Off
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Off
On
DoS
WAN1/2
QoS
USB1/2
LED on Connector
Left LED
GigaWAN 1/2 (Green)
GigaLAN
1/2/3/4
Blinking
Explanation
The router is powered on and running
normally.
The router is powered off.
The profile(s) of CSM (Content Security
Management) for IM/P2P, URL/Web Content
Filter application can be enabled from
Firewall >>General Setup. (Such profile
must be established under CSM menu).
The VPN tunnel is active.
No VPN tunnel is active.
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while deleting an attack.
The WAN1 or WAN2 connection is ready.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The QoS function is active.
The QoS function is disabled.
The USB device is connected and ready for
use.
The data is transmitting.
Right LED
(Green)
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Connectors
Interface
Factory Reset
GigaWAN 1/2
GigaLAN 1/2/3/4
USB1/2
Description
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is
blinking). Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you
see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button.
Then the router will restart with the factory default configuration.
Connecters for remote networked devices.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for Mobile HDD, 3G Modem or printer.
Connecter for a power cord.
ON/OFF - Power switch.
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1.3 Hardware Installation
1.3.1 Network Connectionʳ
Before starting to configure the router, you have to connect your devices correctly.
1.
Connect one end of an Ethernet cable (RJ-45) to one of the LAN ports of Vigor2960s.
2.
Connect the other end of the cable (RJ-45) to the Ethernet port on your computer (that
device also can connect to other computers to form a small area network). The LAN
LED for that port on the front panel will light up.
3.
Connect the cable Modem/DSL Modem/Media Converter to any WAN port of router
with Ethernet cable (RJ-45).
4.
Connect the power cord to Vigor2960’s power port on the rear panel, and the other side
into a wall outlet.
5.
Power on the device by pressing down the power switch on the rear panel. The PWR
LED should be ON.
6.
The system starts to initiate. After completing the system test, the ACT LED will light
up and start blinking.
Below shows an outline of the hardware installation for your reference.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
1.3.2 Wall-Mounted Installation
The Vigor2960 Series can be mounted on the wall by using standard brackets shown below.
Choose a flat surface (on the wall) which is suitable for placing the router. Make the screw
holes on the short side of the bracket aim at the screw holes on the router. Next, fasten both
the bracket and the router with two screws; and fasten both the wall and the bracket with
another two screws. Refer to the following figure.
Then, continue to fasten the screws on the other side of the router and the wall with other
screws.
When you finished about procedure, the router has been mounted on the wall firmly.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Chapter 2: Initial Configuration
For use the router properly, it is necessary for you to change the password of web
configuration for security and adjust primary basic settings.
This chapter explains how to setup a password for an administrator and how to adjust basic
settings for accessing Internet successfully. Be aware that only the administrator can change
the router configuration.
2.1 Changing Password
To change the password for this device, you have to access into the web browse with default
password first.
1.
Make sure your computer connects to the router correctly.
Notice: You may either simply set up your computer to get IP
dynamically from the router or set up the IP address of the computer to be
the same subnet as the default IP address of Vigor router 192.168.1.1.
For the detailed information, please refer to the later section - Trouble
Shooting of this guide.
2.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. A pop-up window will
open to ask for username and password. Please type default values on the window for
the first time accessing. The default value for user name is admin and the password is
admin. Next, click Login.
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3.
Now, the Main Screen will pop up.
4.
Go to System Maintenance page and choose Administrator Password.
5.
Enter the login password (admin, in default) on the field of Original Password. Type a
new one in the field of New Password and retype it on the field of Confirm Password.
Then click Apply to continue.
6.
Now, the password has been changed. Next time, use the new password to access the
Web Configurator for this router.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
2.2 Quick Start Wizard
Quick Start Wizard is a wizard which is designed for configuring your router accessing
Internet with simply steps. In the Quick Start Wizard group, you can configure the router to
access the Internet with different modes such as Static, DHCP, PPPoE, or PPTP modes.
For most users, Internet access is the primary application. The router supports the Ethernet
WAN interface for Internet access.
Click Quick Start Wizard from the home page. Quick Start Wizard will guide the user to
establish LAN interface profile, WAN interface profile and select proper protocol for
connection. The following will explain in more detail for the various broadband access
configurations.
2.2.1 Step 1 – Specifying the WAN Profile
In the first page of Quick Start Wizard, please choose a WAN profile and specify IPv4
protocol.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Use the drop down list to choose one of the WAN profiles
for modifying.
IPv4 Protocol
Use the drop down list to choose the type for the IPv4
protocol for such profile.
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When you finish the above settings, please click Next to go to next page.
2.2.2 Step 2 - Configuring the Selected Protocol
This page will be changed according to the IPv4 Protocol Type selected on last page.
If Static is selected
If Static is selected, the following screen will appear. You can manually assign a static IP
address to the WAN interface and complete the configuration by applying the settings and
rebooting your router. Please type in values for Static IP address, Static Mask, Static
Gateway and Static DNS specified by your ISP, and then click Next.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
IP Address
Type a public IP address for such WAN profile.
Subnet Mask
Choose the static mask from the drop down list.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Gateway IP Address
Type a public gateway address for such WAN profile.
- click it to remove the IP address if you are not satisfied
with it.
DNS Server IP
Address
Add – Click this button to display the IP address field for
adding a new IP address. Type the IP address on the tiny boxes
one by one.
Save – After finished the IP address configuration, click Save
to save the setting onto the router.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Previous
Click it to return to previous setting page.
Finish
Click it to finish the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
When you finished the above settings, please click Finish.
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If DHCP is selected
DHCP allows a user to obtain an IP address automatically from a DHCP server on the
Internet. If you choose DHCP mode, the DHCP server of your ISP will assign a dynamic IP
address for Vigor2960 automatically. It is not necessary for you to assign any setting. (Host
Name is required for some ISPs).
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Host Name (Optional)
Type a name as the host name for identification.
Previous
Click it to return to previous setting page.
Finish
Click it to finish the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
When you finished the above settings, please click Finish.
If PPPoE is selected
PPPoE stands for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. It relies on two widely accepted
standards: PPP and Ethernet. It connects users through an Ethernet to the Internet with a
common broadband medium, such as a single DSL line, wireless device or cable modem. All
the users over the Ethernet can share a common connection.
PPPoE is used for most of DSL modem users. All local users can share one PPPoE
connection for accessing the Internet. Your service provider will provide you information
about user name, password, and authentication mode.
If your ISP provides you the PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet) connection,
please select PPPoE for this router to get the following page. Enter the username and
password provided by your ISP on the web page.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Username
Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password
Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Previous
Click it to return to previous setting page.
Finish
Click it to finish the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
When you finished the above settings, please click Finish.
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If PPTP is selected
This mode lets user get the IP group information by a DSL modem with PPTP service from
ISP. Your service provider will give you user name, password, and authentication mode for a
PPTP setting. Click PPTP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides
for this protocol.
If your ISP offers you PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) mode, please select PPTP
for this router. Next, enter the settings provided by your ISP on the web page.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
PPTP Over
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time
you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP provides
service to always assign you the same IP address whenever you
request. In this case, you can fill in this IP address in the Fixed
IP field. Please contact your ISP before you want to use this
function.
Static – specify the IP address.
DHCP - obtain the IP address automatically.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Server Address
Type a remote IP address of PPTP server.
Username
Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password
Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Previous
Click it to return to previous setting page.
IP Address
Type a public IP address for such WAN profile.
Subnet Mask
Choose the static mask from the drop down list.
Gateway IP Address
Type a public gateway address for such WAN profile.
- click it to remove the IP address if you are not satisfied
with it.
DNS Server IP
Address
To add a new IP address, simply place the mouse cursor on this
filed. The following dialog will appear.
Add – Click this button to display the IP address field for
adding a new IP address.
Save – After finished the IP address configuration, click Save to
save the setting onto the router.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Previous
Click it to return to previous setting page.
Finish
Click it to finish the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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When you finished the above settings, please click Finish. Later, you can surf the Internet at
any time.
When the following screen appears, it means you have finished the Quick Start Wizard
configuration.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
2.3 Register Vigor Router
Please follow the steps below to register the router.
1
Before using such function, please register your router online first. Log into the web
configurator of Vigor2960 and click Product Registration.
2
A Login page will be shown on the screen. Please type the account and password that
you created previously. And click Login.
Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
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3
The following page will be displayed after you logging in MyVigor. From this page,
please click Add.
Note: Below the field of Your Device List, all the Vigor routers that you have
registered to MyVigor website will be displayed in sequence.
4
When the following page appears, please type in Nick Name (for the router) and choose
the right registration date from the popup calendar (it appears when you click on the
box of Registration Date). After adding the basic information for the router, please click
Submit.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
5
Now, your router information has been added to the database. Click OK to leave this
web page and return to My Information web page.
6
Take a look at the page of My Information, the new added Vigor2960 is listed under
Your Device List.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Chapter 3: Application and
Tutorial
3.1 How to Build SSL VPN with RDP Service in the Browser via
Logging in Router's HTTPS Server?
Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a protocol designed for secure communications in
networks using Microsoft Terminal Services. An easy way is provided to establish
connection between the router and the RDP Server via any browser.
1.
Open the web configurator of Vigor2960.
2.
Enable the HTTPS service from System Maintenance >> Access Control by clicking
Enable for HTTPS Allow and type 443 as the value of HTTPS Port.
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21
3.
Open SSL VPN >> SSL Application and click the RDP tab to create a profile named
“Win7”. Type IP address, Port number, and Screen Size based on the actual RDP server
information, then click Apply to save the settings.
4.
Open User Management >> User Profile to create a new profile named “7788”. Set
the Password as 7788 and choose the profile of Win7 as SSL Application (RDP).
Click Apply.
5.
Logout Vigor2960.
6.
Login Vigor2960 HTTPS Server with 7788 for both Username and Password.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
7.
A screen like the following figure will appear. Simply click the SSL Application link.
8.
In the following screen, click Connect for connecting to Win7, the RDP server.
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9.
After that, you can access into Windows 7 via a browser. Note the message below the
window. In which, TLS means Transport Layer Security.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
Troubleshooting
If you have installed Java Runtime Environment edition 6 but still cannot establish the
connection, please make sure you have disabled “Use TLS 1.0” in the Java Control Panel
as figure shown below. Then, try to connect again.
Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
25
3.2 How to Configure OSPF?
OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) uses the algorithm of SPF (Shortest Path First) to calculate
the route metric. It is suitable for large network and complicated data exchange. Both
Vigor2960 and Vigor3900 support up to OSPF version 2(only for IPv4).
The autonomous system (AS) used in OSPF indicates the largest entity and can be divided
into several areas. Usually, Area 0 will be used as OSPF backbone which distributing the
routing information among areas.
When you need faster convergence than distance vector, want to support much larger
networks or want to have less susceptible to bad routing information, you can enable OSPF
feature to fit your request. Note that both routers must support OSPF function at the same
time to build the OSPF connection.
In the following example, a PC can go 192.168.2.0/24 and 192.168.4.0/24 without setting
any Static Route. Refer to the OSPF topology diagram listed below.
OSPF can place each router (e.g., Vigor3900A, Vigor3900B and Vigor2960 shown above) at
the root of a tree and calculate the shortest path to each destination according to the
cumulative cost to reach the destination.
Each router has its own view of the topology and calculates its own SPF tree, even though all
the routers build a shortest-path tree using the same link-state database.
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Configuration for Vigor3900 A,
1. Open LAN >> General Setup to create a LAN (192.168.1.1/24) profile named lan1
with the settings shown below.
2. Next, continue to create a LAN (192.168.3.1/24) profile named lan2 with the settings
shown below.
3. Open LAN >> Static Route Setup and click the Inter-LAN Route tab to enable this
profile.
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4. Open LAN >> OSPF Configuration to enable this profile. Click Add to make the LAN
Profiles lan2 area setting as 11 and lan1 area as 11. (As shown in the topology diagram.)
Configuration for Vigor3900 B,
1. Open LAN >> General Setup to create a LAN (192.168.2.1/24) profile named lan1
with the settings shown below.
2. Next, continue to create a LAN (192.168.3.2/24) profile named lan2 with the settings
shown below.
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
3. Open LAN >> Static Route Setup and click the Inter-LAN Route tab to enable this
profile.
4. Open LAN >> OSPF Configuration to enable this profile. Click Add to make the LAN
Profiles lan2 area setting as 11 and lan1 area as 11. (As shown in the topology diagram.)
Configuration for Vigor2960,
1. Open LAN >> General Setup to create a LAN (192.168.4.1/24) profile named lan1
with the settings shown below.
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2. Next, continue to create a LAN (192.168.3.3/24) profile named lan2 with the settings
shown below.
3. Open LAN >> Static Route Setup and click the Inter-LAN Route tab to enable this
profile.
4. Open LAN >> OSPF Configuration to enable this profile. Click Add to make the LAN
Profiles lan2 area setting as 11 and lan1 area as 11. (As shown in the topology diagram.)
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
5. After setting, check the routing information (marked with red line) which is created by
OSPF.
Routing information for Vigor3900 A
Routing information for Vigor3900 B
Routing information for Vigor2960
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3.3 How to Configure LAN to LAN IPSec Tunnel between
Vigor2960 and Other Router
Here provides an example about LAN to LAN IPSec tunnel established between Vigor2960
and Vigor2710.
Configuring Vigor2960
1.
Access into the web configurator of Vigor2960 and open VPN and Remote Access >>
LAN to LAN Profiles to add a new VPN configuration.
Type the Pre-shared key and choose a WAN Profile. Specify Local IP/Subnet Mask
with 192.168.29.0/24. The Remote Host should be Vigor 2710's WAN IP address; And
the Remote IP/Subnet Mask should be192.168.2.0/24.
2.
Click Apply to save the settings and return to previous page.
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Configuring Vigor2710!
1.
In Vigor2710, it is necessary to build two VPN connections (for two WANs) to connect
with Vigor2960. Please open the web configurator of Vigor2710 and open VPN and
Remote Access >> LAN to LAN.
z
z
z
2.
First, please type the name of such VPN connection in the field of Profile Name
(e.g., 2960).
Check the box of Enable this profile.
Choose Dial-Out as Call Direction and check the box of Always on.
For Dial-Out Settings, please choose IPSec Tunnel and type WAN IP address of
Vigor2960 in the field of Server IP/Host Name for VPN (e.g., 1.169.162.1). Type the
same IKE Pre-Shared Key configured in Vigor2960.
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3.
For the role of Vigor2710 is dialing-out, please skip Dial-In setting. Type the Remote
Network IP and Remote Network Mask of Vigor2960 to complete configuration.
4.
Please check if the VPN connection is built successfully in both devices respectively.
For Vigor2960, open VPN and Remote Access>>IPSec>>Status for viewing the
result.
As to Vigor2710, please open VPN and Remote Access>>Connection Management
to confirm the result.
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Chapter 4: Advanced
Configuration
After finished basic configuration of the router, you can access Internet with ease. For the
people who want to adjust more setting for suiting his/her request, please refer to this chapter
for getting detailed information about the advanced configuration of this router. As for other
examples of application, please refer to chapter 3.
4.1 WAN
Quick Start Wizard offers user an easy method to quick setup the connection mode for the
router. Moreover, if you want to adjust more settings for different WAN modes, please go to
WAN group and click the General Setup link.
Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including routers, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under
the management of a router since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the
NIC has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the router plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor router. The router itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor router will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the router will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In ADSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is
required for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access
concentrator or aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with
significant ease of use. Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service
according to user requirement.
When a router begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask
for a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated
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via PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server,
and other related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
4.1.1 General Setup
This section will introduce some general settings of Internet and explain the connection
modes for WAN profiles in details.
This router supports multi-WAN function. It allows users to access Internet and combine the
bandwidth of the WAN profiles to speed up the transmission through the network. Each
WAN port can connect to different ISPs, even if the ISPs use different technology to provide
telecommunication service (such as DSL, Cable modem, etc.). If any connection problem
occurred on one of the ISP connections, all the traffic will be guided and switched to the
normal communication port for proper operation.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected WAN profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the profile name.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
means enabled.
Description
Display a brief explanation for such profile.
VLAN ID
Display the VLAN ID of the profile.
VLAN Tag
If the data transmitted with tag, Enable will be displayed in
this field. Otherwise, Disable will be shown instead.
Port
Display the physical WAN interface for such profile.
IPv4 Protocol Type
Display the IPv4 protocol selected by the profile.
IPv6 Protocol Type
Display the IPv6 protocol selected by the profile.
How to edit the WAN profile
1.
Open WAN>>General Setup. Choose WAN1 or WAN2 profile and click the Edit
button to open the following dialog. Only the tab of the protocol specified in IPv4
Protocol field will be available for you to modify. If you want to change and specify
another connection mode for such WAN profile, remember to choose the mode from
the drop down list of IPv4 Protocol.
Available parameters for global configuration are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type a name for such profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Description
Give the brief description for such profile.
VLAN ID
Type the VLAN ID number for such profile.
VLAN Tag
Enable – Click it to enable the function of VLAN Tag. Data
transmitted through the router will not be tagged with any
number.
Disable – Click it to disable the function of VLAN Tag.
Data transmitted through the router will be tagged with
specified number for identification.
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Port
Display the physical WAN interface for such profile.
Default MAC
Address
Enable – Click it to enable the default MAC address for
such profile.
Disable – Click it to type the MAC address manually for
such profile.
MAC Address - Specify the MAC address for such profile if
you click Disable for Default MAC address. In default, the
system will determine it automatically.
Mode
Determine such profile will be used for NAT or routing.
IPv4 Protocol Type
There are four connection modes for you to specify for IPv4
protocol type. Each mode will bring up different web page.
IPv6 Protocol Type
There are four connection modes for you to specify for IPv6
protocol type. Each mode will bring up different web page.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
Global configuration allows you to enable the profile, give a brief explanation for such
profile, specify the VLAN ID, specify MAC address, choose IPv4 and IPv6 protocol,
and specify the mode of the data transmission (NAT or Routing).
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z
Different IPv4 and IPv6 protocol types specified will bring up different configuration
web page.
If you choose Static as IPv4 protocol type, click the Static tab to open the following
page:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
IP Address
Type the IP address specified for such profile.
Subnet Mask
Use the drop down list to choose the subnet mask for such
profile.
Gateway IP
Address
Type a public gateway address for such WAN profile.
DNS Server IP
Address
Add – Click this button to display the IP address field for
adding a new IP address. Type the IP address on the tiny
boxes one by one.
- click it to remove the IP address if you are not
satisfied with it.
Save – After finished the IP address configuration, click
Save to save the setting onto the router.
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– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
IP Alias
Type other IP addresses to be bound to this interface. This
setting is optional. If you have typed addresses here, you can
see and choose it in later web page settings (e.g.,
NAT>>Port Redirection/DMZ Host).
Add – Click this button to display the IP address field for
adding a new IP address. Type the IP address on the tiny
boxes one by one.
Save – After finished the IP address configuration, click
Save to save the setting onto the router.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
MTU/MRU
Type the value of MTU/MRU. The default value is 1500.
Connection
Detection Mode
Select a detecting mode for this WAN interface. There are
three ways ARP, PING and HTTP supported in Vigor
router for you to choose to send the request out.
Connection
Detection Host
Add – Click this button to have a field for adding a new IP
address. Assign an IP address or Domain name as a
destination to be detected whether the host is active (sending
reply to the router) or not. If not, the connection of WAN
interface will be regarded as breaking down. This function
is available when Connection Detection Mode is set with
PING or HTTP.
Save – click this button to save the setting.
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– click the icon to remove the selected entry.
z
Connection
Detection Interval
Assign an interval period of time for each detecting.
Connection
Detection Retry
Assign detecting times to ensure the connection of the WAN
interface. After passing the times you set in this field and no
reply received by the router, the connection of WAN
interface will be regarded as breaking down.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
If you choose DHCP as IPv4 protocol type, click the DHCP Tab to open the
following page:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Host Name
(Optional)
Type a name as the host name for identification.
IP Alias
Type other IP addresses to be bound to this interface. This
setting is optional. If you have typed addresses here, you can
see and choose it in later web page settings (e.g.,
NAT>>Port Redirection/DMZ Host).
Add – To add a new IP address, click Add. Type the IP
address and use the drop down list to specify the subnet
mask. Next, click Save. The new one will be added and
displayed on the field under the box.
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Save – Click this button to save the setting.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
MTU/MRU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
is 1500.
Connection
Detection Mode
Select a detecting mode for this WAN interface. There are
three ways ARP, PING and HTTP supported in Vigor
router for you to choose to send the request out.
Connection
Detection Host
Add – click this button to have a field for adding a new IP
address. Assign an IP address or Domain name as a
destination to be detected whether the host is active (sending
reply to the router) or not. If not, the connection of WAN
interface will be regarded as breaking down. This function is
available when Connection Detection Mode is set with
PING or HTTP.
Save – Click this button to save the setting.
Connection
Detection Interval
Connection
Detection Retry
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Assign an interval period of time for each detecting.
Assign detecting times to ensure the connection of the WAN
interface. After passing the times you set in this field and no
reply received by the router, the connection of WAN
interface will be regarded as breaking down.
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z
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
If you choose PPPoE as IPv4 protocol type, click the PPPoE Tab to open the
following page:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Username
Type the user name offered by your ISP.
Password
Type the password offered by your ISP.
MTU/MRU
Type the value of MTU/MRU. The default value is 1492.
Debug
Click Enable to display the PPPoE debug message in
Syslog. The default setting is Disable.
Always On
Enable – Click it to enable the function of Always On. The
router will keep network connection all the time.
Disable – Click it to disable the function of Always On.
Fixed IP
Enable – Click it to enable the function of Always On. The
router will keep network connection all the time.
Disable – Click it to disable the function of Always On.
Fixed IP Address – Type an IP address here if you choose
Enable for Fixed IP.
Connection
Detection Mode
Select a detecting mode for this WAN interface. There are
two ways PING and HTTP supported in Vigor router for
you to choose to send the request out.
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Connection
Detection Host
If you choose PING/HTTP as Connection Detection Mode,
you have to specify the detection host address in this field.
Use the default setting.
Add – Click this button to have a field for adding a new IP
address. Assign an IP address or Domain name as a
destination to be detected whether the host is active (sending
reply to the router) or not. If not, the connection of WAN
interface will be regarded as breaking down. This function
is available when Connection Detection Mode is set with
PING or HTTP.
Save – Click this button to save the setting.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Connection
Detection Interval
Assign an interval period of time for each detecting.
Connection
Detection Retry
Assign detecting times to ensure the connection of the WAN
interface. After passing the times you set in this field and no
reply received by the router, the connection of WAN
interface will be regarded as breaking down.
IP Alias
Type other IP addresses to be bound to this interface. This
setting is optional. If you have typed addresses here, you can
see and choose it in later web page settings (e.g.,
NAT>>Port Redirection/DMZ Host).
Add – Click this button to display the IP address field for
adding a new IP address. Type the IP address on the tiny
boxes one by one.
Save – After finished the IP address configuration, click
Save to save the setting onto the router.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
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Cancel
z
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
If you choose PPTP as IPv4 protocol type, click the PPTP Tab to open the
following page:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
PPTP Over
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time
you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP
provides service to always assign you the same IP address
whenever you request. In this case, you can fill in this IP
address in the Fixed IP field. Please contact your ISP
before you want to use this function.
Choose a proper protocol, Static or DHCP. After finished
the settings in such page, you need to open the Static or
DHCP tab for configuring the settings there.
Server Address
Type the IP address of PPTP server offered by your ISP.
Username
Type the user name offered by your ISP.
Password
Type the password offered by your ISP.
MTU/MRU
Type the value of MTU/MRU. The default value is 1452.
Debug
Click Enable to display the PPTP debug message in syslog.
The default setting is Disable.
Always On
Enable – Click it to enable the function of Always On. The
router will keep network connection all the time.
Disable – Click it to disable the function of Always On.
Connection
Detection Mode
Select a detecting mode for this WAN interface. There are
two ways PING and HTTP supported in Vigor router for
you to choose to send the request out.
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Connection
Detection Host
If you choose PING/HTTP as Connection Detection Mode,
you have to specify the detection host address in this field.
Use the default setting.
Add – Click this button to have a field for adding a new IP
address. Assign an IP address or Domain name as a
destination to be detected whether the host is active (sending
reply to the router) or not. If not, the connection of WAN
interface will be regarded as breaking down. This function
is available when Connection Detection Mode is set with
PING or HTTP.
Save – Click this button to save the setting.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
z
Connection
Detection Interval
Assign an interval period of time for each detecting.
Connection
Detection Retry
Assign detecting times to ensure the connection of the WAN
interface. After passing the times you set in this field and no
reply received by the router, the connection of WAN
interface will be regarded as breaking down.
Apply
After finished the PPTP configuration, please click Static or
DHCP (according to the PPTP Over Protocol setting) to
modify the Static/DHCP configuration for such profile.
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
If you choose Link-Local as IPv6 protocol type
Link-Local address is used for communicating with neighbouring nodes on the same
link. It is defined by the address prefix fe80::/64. You don't need to setup Link-Local
address manually for it is generated automatically according to your MAC Address.
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z
If you choose Static as IPv6 protocol type, click the StaticV6 tab to open the
following page:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
IPv6 Address
Type the IP address for such protocol.
IPv6 Prefix Length
Type your IPv6 address prefix length.
IPv6 Gateway
Address
Type your IPv6 gateway address.
IPv6 DNS Server
Address
Type your IPv6 primary DNS Server address.
Add – Click this button to have a field for adding a new IP
address.
Save – Click this button to save the setting.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
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z
If you choose DHCP-IA_NA as IPv6 protocol type, click the DHCPV6 Tab to open
the following page:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
DHCP (IA_NA)
Gateway Address
Type the gateway IP address for IPv6 DHCP IA_NA mode.
DHCP (IA_NA)
DNS Address
Add – Click this button to type primary DNS server address
for IPv6.
Save – Click this button to save the setting.
– Click the icon to remove the selected entry.
z
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
If you choose DHCP-IA_PD as IPv6 protocol type
It is not necessary for you to configure any web page.
2.
After finished the settings configuration, click Apply to save and apply the settings.
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4.1.2 Default Route
This page allows you to assign a WAN profile as the default route.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
WAN Profile
/Load Balance Pool
Name
Display the WAN profiles for user to choose as a default
route.
In which, wan1 to wan2 are factory default settings.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
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4.1.3 Load Balance
Vigor2960 supports a load balancing function. It can assign traffic with protocol type, IP
address for specific host, a subnet of hosts, and port range to be allocated in WAN interface.
User can assign traffic category and force it to go to dedicate network interface based on the
following web page setup.
In the WAN group, click the Load Balance option.
Pool
This page allows the user to integrate several WAN profiles as a pool profile specified with
the function of load balance or failover. The profiles configured here will be selected in the
field of WAN>>Default Route page.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new pool profile.
Edit
Modify the selected pool profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
pool.
Delete
Remove the selected pool profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the rule.
Mode
Display the protocol of such rule.
Interface
Display the name of the WAN profiles for Load Balance
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Vigor2960 Series User’s Guide
rule.
Primary Profile
Display the primary profile configured in Failover page for
such profile.
Backup Profile
Display the backup profile configured in Failover page for
such profile.
There are two modes, Load_Balance and Failover, for you to choose as the Pool
configuration. If you choose Load_Balance, the tab of Load_Balance will be shown which
allows you to configure for different WAN interfaces. If you choose Failover, the tab of
Failover will be displayed which allows you to specify the primary profile and backup
profile for such Pool setting.
How to add a pool profile for Load Balance
1.
Open WAN>>Load Balance and click the tab of Pool.
2.
Simply click the Add button to open the following dialog. Type a name for such profile
(e.g., LB_1). Choose Load_Balance as the Mode selection.
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3.
Click the Load_Balance Tab.
4.
Click Add. A new line for adding new entry will appear. Use the drop down list of
Interface to choose one of the WAN profiles. Type the value (e.g., 20) for Weight.
5.
Click Apply. A new profile will be added on the page.
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How to add a Pool profile for Failover
Such page allows you to set a backup profile which will be activated when the primary
profile is invalid by any reason.
1.
Open WAN>>Load Balance and click the tab of Pool.
2.
Simply click the Add button to open the following dialog. Type a name for such profile
(e.g., FL_1). Choose Failover as the Mode selection.
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3.
Click the Failover Tab. In default, the system will apply Primary Profile. If Primary
Profile cannot be used any more, the Backup Profile will be used instead.
4.
Use the drop down list to choose the one you need.
5.
Click Apply. A new profile will be added on the page.
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Rule
This page will make the packets be transmitted with user defined profiles with IP address
and protocol that is different with default route.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new rule profile.
Edit
Modify the selected rule profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected rule profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Move Up / Move Down
Move the selected profile up or down.
Profile
Display the name of the rule.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of such profile.
Protocol
Display the protocol used for such rule.
Source IP Address
Display the source IP address for such rule.
Source Mask
Display the source Mask for such rule.
Destination IP Address
Display the destination IP address for such rule.
Destination Mask
Display the destination Mask for such rule.
Destination Port Start
Display the destination port starting value for such rule.
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Destination Port End
Display the destination port ending value for such rule.
Load Balance
Pool/WAN Profile
Display the profile of load balance applied for such rule.
How to add a new rule for Load Balance
1.
Open WAN>>Load Balance Policy and click the tab of Rule.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the rule.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Protocol
Choose a protocol (ALL, TCP, UDP, TCP/UDP, ICMP,
FTP, TFTP, HTTP, SMTP, POP3) for such rule applied to
load balance. All is the default setting.
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Source IP Address
Type a WAN IP address here as the source IP address for
such rule.
– Click the icon to clear the IP setting.
Source Mask
Use the drop down list on the right to choose a suitable mask
for the source.
Destination IP
Address
Type a WAN IP address here as the destination IP address
for such rule.
– Click the icon to clear the IP setting.
4.
Destination Mask
Use the drop down list on the right to choose a suitable mask
for the destination.
Destination Port
Start
Type a value as the destination port starting for such rule.
Destination Port
End
Type a value as the destination port ending for such rule.
Load Balance Pool
/WAN Profile
Choose one of the profiles to be used by such rule. In which,
wan1 to wan5 profiles are configured in default. In addition,
profiles configured in WAN>>Load Balance Policy>> Pool
page also will be displayed here.
To have user-defined WAN profile, please refer to
WAN<<General Setup for detailed information.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to return to the factory setting.
Enter all the settings and click Apply. The new rule profile will be added on the screen.
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4.2 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets regulated and ruled by router. The design
of network structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
The most generic function of Vigor router is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own.
As mentioned previously, the router will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using
public IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does
is to translate the packets from private IP address to public IP address to forward the right
packets to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor router has a built-in DHCP server
that assigns private IP address to each local host.
4.2.1 General Setup
This page allows you to set LAN profiles for PCs in LAN. Settings of DHCP, DHCP Relay,
RADVD and DHCPv6 settings are generated automatically by the system when the LAN
profile is created. You can edit these settings by switching into each tab individually.
Note: One LAN profile shall be enabled at least to keep the normal operation. The default
LAN profile named “lan1” shall not be deleted. Otherwise, the system might be damaged. If
such file is deleted due to careless, please reset your router to restore the default setting.
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General Setup
This page allows you to enable the profile, give a brief explanation for such profile, specify
the VLAN ID, specify MAC address, and choose protocol type for such profile.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new LAN profile.
Edit
Modify the selected LAN profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected LAN profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Description
Display the brief explanation for the LAN profile.
VLAN ID
Display the VLAN ID configured for the LAN profile.
IPv4 Protocol Type
Display the IPv4 protocol type for the LAN profile.
IPv6 Protocol Type
Display the IPv6 protocol type for the LAN profile.
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How to add a new LAN profile
1.
Open LAN>>General Setup and click the General Setup tab.
2.
Click the Add button to open the following dialog. Different protocol type selected will
bring up different configuration web page.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Description
Type the description for the new LAN profile.
VLAN ID
Type a number as the VLAN ID to make the data be
identified while performing data transmission.
Default MAC
Address
Enable – Click it to enable the default MAC address for
such profile.
Disable – Click it to type the MAC address manually for
such profile.
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MAC Address
If Default MAC address is disabled, please specify a MAC
address manually.
IPv4 Protocol
Display the fixed type (static) for the IPv4 protocol for such
profile.
Mode
Choose NAT or ROUTING as the operation mode for such
profile.
IP Address
Type the IP address of the router for the LAN profile.
Subnet Mask
Use the drop down list to choose a suitable mask for the
LAN profile.
Gateway IP
Address
Such IP address is ready for matching with the function of
Virtual System.
– click the icon to clear the IP setting.
nd
2 Subnet
Specify one 2nd subnet which might be needed in the future.
Add – Click it to add a new subnet mask with IP address and
specified mode.
Save – Click it to save the settings.
IP – Type the IP address if you click Add for adding a new
entry.
Subnet Mask – Use the drop down list to choose the one
you want.
Mode – Specify NAT or Routing as the mode.
– click the icon to remove the selected entry.
IPv6 Protocol
It defines the IPv6 connection types for LAN interface.
Possible types contain Link-Local, Static and DHCP-SLA.
Except Link-Local, each type requires different parameter
settings.
Link-Local- Link-Local address is used for communicating
with neighbouring nodes on the same link. It is defined by
the address prefix fe80::/10. You don't need to setup
Link-Local address manually for it is generated
automatically according to your MAC Address.
Static –This type allows you to setup static IPv6 address for
LAN.
DHCP-SLA- DHCPv6 client mode would use IA_NA
option of DHCPv6 protocol to obtain IPv6 address from
server.
IPv6 Address
If Static is chosen as IPv6 Protocol, please type the IPv6
address in this field.
IPv6 Prefix Length
Type the IPv6 prefix length for IPv6 – Static protocol.
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3.
DHCPv6 SLA
WAN Interface
If DHCP-SLA is chosen as IPv6 Protocol, please choose one
of the WAN profiles in this field.
DHCPv6 SLA ID
The ID number set here is used by an individual organization
to create its own local addressing hierarchy and to identify
subnets.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
When you finish the above settings, please click Apply to save the configuration and
exit the dialog.
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DHCP
In the Vigor2960 router, there are some IP address settings for the LAN interface. The IP
address/subnet mask is for private users or NAT users. The IP address of the default gateway
on other local PCs should be set as the Vigor2960 server IP address. When the DSL
connection between the DSL and the ISP has been established, each local PC can directly
route to the Internet. The IP address/subnet mask can also be used to connect to other private
users (PCs). On this page you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918. Usually
we use the 192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the route.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected LAN profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Start IP
Display the starting IP address of the IP address pool for
DHCP server.
End IP
Display the ending IP address of the IP address pool for
DHCP server.
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DNS
Display the IP address for DNS.
Routers
In general, this box will be blank. It means Vigor2960 will
be regarded as the gateway for the user.
Lease Time
Display the lease time for the DHCP server.
Specify Remote Dial-in
IP
Display the status of remote dial-in function. Disable means
disabled; Enable means enabled.
Remote Dial-in Start IP
Display the start IP address for an IP range. The DHCP
server can assign an IP address for remote dial-in user from
such IP range.
Remote Dial-in End IP
Display the end IP address for an IP range. The DHCP server
can assign an IP address for remote dial-in user from such IP
range.
How to edit a LAN profile for DHCP
1.
Open LAN>>General Setup and click the DHCP tab.
2.
Choose one of the LAN profiles by clicking on it and click the Edit button to open the
following dialog.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
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Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable this profile.
Start IP
Set the starting IP address of the IP address pool for DHCP
server.
End IP
Set the ending IP address of the IP address pool for DHCP
server.
DNS
Set the private IP address for DNS server. If this field is
blank, users on LAN will treat Vigor2960 as the DNS server.
Add – Click it to add a new IP address for DNS server.
Save – Click it to save the setting.
– click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Routers
In general, this box will be blank. It means Vigor2960 will
be regarded as the gateway for the user.
However, if you want to use other gateway, please assign the
IP address in this field.
Lease Time
Set a lease time for the DHCP server. The time unit is
minute.
Specify Remote
Dial-in IP
Enable – Enable this function that remote clients within the
range specified below can access into Vigor2960 WUI.
Disable – Disable this function.
Remote Dial-in
Start IP
Specify the start IP address for an IP range. The DHCP
server can assign an IP address for remote dial-in user from
such IP range.
Remote Dial-in End
IP
Specify the end IP address for an IP range. The DHCP server
can assign an IP address for remote dial-in user from such IP
range
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
When you finish the above settings, please click Apply to save the configuration and
exit the dialog.
5.
The LAN profile has been edited.
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DHCP Relay
This page allows users to specify which subnet that DHCP server is located that the relay
agent should redirect the DHCP request to.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected LAN profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
DHCP Server Location
Display the LAN or WAN profile for the DHCP server.
DHCP Server IP
Display the IP address of DHCP server.
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How to edit a LAN profile for DHCP Relay
1.
Open LAN>>General Setup and click the DHCP Relay tab.
2.
Choose one of the LAN profiles by clicking on it and click the Edit button to open the
following dialog.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable this profile.
DHCP Server
Location
Specify a WAN profile as the server location.
DHCP Server IP
Type the IP address of DHCP Server.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
3.
When you finish the above settings, please click Apply to save the configuration and
exit the dialog.
4.
The LAN profile has been edited.
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RADVD
The router advertisement daemon (radvd) sends Router Advertisement messages, specified
by RFC 2461, to a local Ethernet LAN periodically and when requested by a node sending a
Router Solicitation message. These messages are required for IPv6 stateless
auto-configuration.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected LAN profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
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means enabled.
Advertisement Lifetime
Display the lifetime value.
The lifetime associated with the default router in units of
minutes, ranging from 10 ~ 150. It is used to control the
lifetime of the prefix. A lifetime of 0 indicates that the router
is not a default router and should not appear on the default
router list.
How to edit a LAN profile for RADVD
1.
Open LAN>>General Setup and click the RADVD tab.
2.
Choose one of the LAN profiles by clicking on it and click the Edit button to open the
following dialog.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable this profile.
Advertisement
Lifetime
Type a value for advertisement lifetime.
The lifetime associated with the default router in units of
minutes, ranging from 10 ~ 150. It is used to control the
lifetime of the prefix. A lifetime of 0 indicates that the router
is not a default router and should not appear on the default
router list.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
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3.
When you finish the above settings, please click Apply to save the configuration and
exit the dialog.
4.
The LAN profile has been edited.
DHCP6
DHCP6 Server could assign IPv6 address to PC according to the Start/End IPv6 address
configuration.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected LAN profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
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Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Start IP
Display the starting IP address of the IP address pool for
DHCP server.
End IP
Display the ending IP address of the IP address pool for
DHCP server.
DNS
Display the private IP address for DNS server.
How to edit a LAN profile for DHCPv6
1.
Open LAN>>General Setup and click the DHCPv6 tab.
2.
Choose one of the LAN profiles by clicking on it and click the Edit button to open the
following dialog.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable this profile.
Start IP
Set the starting IP address of the IP address pool for DHCP
server. The format the IP address shall be similar to the
following example:
2000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:10 or 2000::10.
End IP
Set the ending IP address of the IP address pool for DHCP
server. The format the IP address shall be similar to the
following example:
2000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:10 or 2000::10.
DNS
Set the private IP address for DNS server. If this field is
blank, users on LAN will treat Vigor2960 as the DNS server.
Add – Click it to add a new IP address for DNS server.
Save – Click it to save the setting.
– click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
3.
When you finish the above settings, please click Apply to save the configuration and
exit the dialog.
4.
The LAN profile has been edited.
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4.2.2 IP Routing
To make local device in LAN accessing into external network without passing NAT or let
the remote device access into the local device without passing NAT behind the router, please
use IP routing function to complete the work.
Usually, the local device might be assigned with a public IP address or an IP address with
the same subnet as certain WAN. When the local device tries to transmit the data packets out,
Vigor2960 will send it out through that certain WAN interface without passing through NAT.
Meanwhile, remote device also can access the local device directly without any difficulty.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new IP Routing profile.
Edit
Modify the selected IP routing setting.
To edit the IP routing setting, simply select the one you want
to modify and click the Edit button. The edit window will
appear for you to modify the corresponding settings for the
selected profile.
Delete
Remove the selected route setting.
To delete a static route setting, simply select the one you
want to delete and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of such IP route profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
WAN Profile
Display which WAN profile used for sending out the data
packets.
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LAN Profile
Display which LAN profile used for the local device.
IP
Display the private IP address for such profile.
Mask
Display the subnet mask for such profile.
How to add a new IP Routing profile
1.
Open LAN>>IP Routing.
2.
Click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the IP routing profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such IP routing profile.
WAN Profile
Choose one of WAN profiles for sending data out.
LAN Profile
Choose one of LAN profiles for the local device.
IP
Type the private IP address for such IP routing profile.
Mask
Use the drop down list to choose the subnet mask for such IP
routing profile.
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4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply. The new profile will be added on the screen.
4.2.3 Static Route
When there are several subnets in LAN, a more effective and quicker way for connection is
static route rather than other methods. Simply set rules to forward data from one specified
subnet to another specified subnet.
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Static Route
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new static route setting.
Edit
Modify the selected static route setting.
To edit static route setting, simply select the one you want to
modify and click the Edit button. The edit window will
appear for you to modify the corresponding settings for the
selected rule.
Delete
Remove the selected static route setting.
To delete a static route setting, simply select the one you
want to delete and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of such static route.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Destination IP Address
Display the IP address for such static route profile.
Subnet Mask
Display the subnet mask for such static route profile.
Gateway
Display the gateway address for such static route profile.
WAN/LAN Profile
Display the subnet / LAN or WAN profile of the gateway.
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Metric
Display the distance to the target.
How to add a new Static Route profile
1.
Open LAN>>Static Routing and click the Static Route tab.
2.
Click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the static route profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Destination IP
Address
Type the IP address for such static route profile.
Subnet Mask
Use the drop down list to choose the subnet mask for such
static route profile.
Gateway
Type the gateway address for such static route profile.
WAN/LAN Profile
Choose one of the LAN/WAN profiles of the gateway for
such static route.
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5.
Metric
Type the distance to the target (usually counted in hops).
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
Enter all the settings and click Apply. The new profile will be added on the screen.
IPv6 Static Route
For IPv6 protocol, click the IPv6 Static Route tab to configure detailed settings.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new static route setting.
Edit
Modify the selected static route setting.
To edit static route setting, simply select the one you want to
modify and click the Edit button. The edit window will
appear for you to modify the corresponding settings for the
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selected rule.
Delete
Remove the selected static route setting.
To delete a static route setting, simply select the one you
want to delete and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of such static route.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Destination IP Address
Display the IP address for such static route profile.
Prefix Length
Display the prefix length of the profile.
Nexthop
Display the nexthop address for such static route profile.
WAN / LAN Profile
Display the subnet LAN or WAN profile of the gateway.
Metric
Display the distance to the target.
How to add a new IPv6 Static Route profile
1.
Open LAN>>Static Route and click the IPv6 Static Route tab.
2.
Click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type the name of the static route profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Destination IP
Address
Type the IP address for such static route profile.
Prefix Length
Type the prefix length for such profile.
Nexthop
Type the nexthop address for such static route profile.
WAN/LAN Profile
Choose one of the LAN/WAN profiles of the gateway for
such static route.
Metric
Type the distance to the target (usually counted in hops).
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
Enter all the settings and click Apply. The new profile will be added on the screen.
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Inter-LAN Route
To make the users in different LAN communicating with each other, please check the box to
enable Inter-LAN route function.
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4.2.3 Switch
This page allows you to configure Mirroring Port, Mirrored Port, enable/disable LAN
interface, and configure 802.1Q VLAN ID for different LAN interfaces, and so on.
802.1Q VLAN
Virtual LANs (VLANs) are logical, independent workgroups within a network. These
workgroups communicate as if they had a physical connection to the network. However,
VLANs are not limited by the hardware constraints that physically connect traditional LAN
segments to a network. As a result, VLANs allow the network manager to segment the
network with a logical, hierarchical structure. VLANs can define a network by application or
department. For instance, in the enterprise, a company might create one VLAN for
multimedia users and another for e-mail users; or a company might have one VLAN for its
Engineering Department, another for its Marketing Department, and another for its guest
who can only use Internet not Intranet. VLANs can also be set up according to the
organization structure within a company. For example, the company president might have
his own VLAN, his executive staff might have a different VLAN, and the remaining
employees might have yet a different VLAN. VLANs can also set up according to different
company in the same building to save the money and reduce the device establishment.
User can select some ports to add into a VLAN group. In one VLAN group, the port number
can be single one or more.
The purpose of VLAN is to isolate traffic between different users and it can provide better
security application.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new VLAN ID setting.
Edit
Modify the selected VLAN ID setting.
To edit VALN ID setting, simply select the one you want to
modify and click the Edit button. The edit window will
appear for you to modify the corresponding settings for the
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selected rule.
Delete
Remove the selected VLAN ID setting.
To delete a VLAN ID setting, simply select the one you want
to delete and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
VLAN ID
Display the VLAN ID number.
Member
Display the LAN interface that is used to access into Internet
for such LAN profile with the VLAN ID number.
Untag
Display the LAN interface that packets transmitted to
Internet through such LAN profile with the VLAN ID
number is tagged or untagged.
How to add a new 802.1Q VLAN profile
1.
Open LAN>>Switch and click the 802.1Q VLAN tab.
2.
Click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
VLAN ID
Type the number as the VLAN ID. Type a number used for
identification on VLAN for your computer. Later, you have
to type the same ID number for each PC which wants to be
grouped within the same VLAN group.
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4.
Member
Determine which LAN interface can be used to access into
Internet for such LAN profile with the VLAN ID number.
Untag
Determine if the packets transmitted to Internet through such
LAN profile with the VLAN ID number is tagged or not.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
Enter all the settings and click Apply. The new profile will be added on the screen.
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4.2.4 Bind IP to MAC
This function is used to bind the IP and MAC address in LAN to have a strengthen control in
network. When this function is enabled, all the assigned IP and MAC address binding
together cannot be changed. If you modified the binding IP or MAC address, it might cause
you not access into the Internet.
This page allows you to configure related settings for the function of Bind IP to MAC.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Mode
Enable - Choose it to invoke this function. However,
IP/MAC which is not listed in IP Bind List also can connect
to Internet.
Disable - Choose it to disable this function. All the settings
on this page will be invalid.
Strict Bind Ω Choose it to lock the connection of the
IP/MAC which is not listed in IP Bind List.
Select All
Allow you to choose all the items listed in ARP Table.
Move
Move the selected item to IP Bind List.
ARP Table
This table is the LAN ARP table of this router. The
information for IP and MAC will be displayed in this field.
Each pair of IP and MAC address listed in ARP table can be
selected and added to IP Bind List by clicking Move on IP
Bind List.
IP Address
Display the IP address of one device.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the device.
Add
It allows you to add one pair of IP/MAC address and display
on the table of IP Bind List.
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Edit
It allows you to edit and modify the selected IP address and
MAC address that you create before.
Delete
You can remove any item listed in IP Bind List. Simply
click and select the one, and click Delete. The selected item
will be removed from the IP Bind List.
Select All
Choose all of the selections at one time.
Refresh
It is used to refresh the ARP table. When there is one new
PC added to the LAN, you can click this link to obtain the
newly ARP table information.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Bind Table
It displays a list for the IP bind to MAC information.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
IP Address
Display the IP address specified for the profile.
MAC
Display the MAC address specified for the profile.
How to configure Bind IP to MAC
1.
Open LAN>>Bind IP to MAC.
2.
Use the drop down Mode menu to specify a suitable mode.
There are three modes offered for you to choose.
Disable – The function of Bind IP to MAC is disabled.
Enable – Specified IP addresses on the Bind Table will be reserved for the device with
bind MAC address. Other devices which are not listed on the Bind Table shall still get
the IP address from DHCP server.
Strict_Bind – Only specified IP addresses will be assigned to the device with bind
MAC address. Other devices which are not listed on the Bind Table shall still NOT get
the IP address from DHCP server.
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3.
Click Add to open the following dialog.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
IP Address
Type the IP address that will be used for the specified MAC
address.
MAC
Type the MAC address that is used to bind with the assigned
IP address.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new profile has been added onto Bind Table.
4.2.5 RIP Configuration
The Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a dynamic routing protocol used in local
and wide area networks. The routing information packet will be sent out by web
server or router periodically, and can be used to communicate with other routers. It
will calculate the number of network nodes on the route to ensure there is no
obstruction on the network routine. In addition, it will choose a correct route based
on the method of Distance Vector Routing and use the Bellman-Ford algorithm to
calculate the routing table.
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RIP can update the routing table automatically and find a route to send packet. See the
following figure as an example:
Suppose A supports RIP on WAN1/WAN2/WAN3/WAN4, B supports RIP on WAN1 and
WAN2, and C supports RIP on WAN1/WAN2/WAN3/WAN4.
B will tell A "if you want to send packets to C, please send it to me first", then A will create
a routing rule to forward packet that destination is C to B.
In another direction, C will do the same thing.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable the Mirror function for the switch.
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Profile
Choose one of the LAN profiles.
Apply
Click it to save the settings.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.2.6 OSPF Configuration
OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) uses the algorithm of SPF (Shortest Path First) to calculate
the route metric. It is suitable for large network and complicated data exchange.
When you need faster convergence than distance vector, want to support much larger
networks or want to have less susceptible to bad routing information, you can enable OSPF
feature to fit your request. Note that both routers must support OSPF function at the same
time to build the OSPF connection.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable the Mirror function for the switch.
Profile
Create a new profile name.
Apply
Click it to save the settings.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
How to add a new profile
1.
Open LAN>>OSPF Configuration.
2.
Check Enable This Profile.
3.
Click the space of Profile. A pop-up dialog will appear. Click Add.
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4.
Use the drop down list of LAN Profile to choose the one you need. And specify the
value of Area (either 0.0.0.0 ~ 255.255.255.255 or 0 ~ 4294967295) for that profile.
If you are not satisfied the settings, simply click
re-type the settings.
5.
to remove the entry, and then
Click Apply to save the settings and exit the dialog. A new profile is created and
displayed on the screen.
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4.3 NAT
NAT (Network Address Translation) is a method of mapping one or more IP addresses
and/or service ports into different specified services. It allows the internal IP addresses of
many computers on a LAN to be translated to one public address to save costs and resources
of multiple public IP addresses. It also plays a security role by obscuring the true IP
addresses of important machines from potential hackers on the Internet. The Vigor 3900
Series is NAT-enabled by default and gets one globally routable IP addresses from the ISP
by Static, PPPoE, or DHCP mechanism. The Vigor2960 Series assigns private network IP
addresses according to RFC-1918 protocol and translates the private network addresses to a
globally routable IP address so that local hosts can communicate with the router and access
the Internet.
4.3.1 Port Redirection
Port Redirection means port forwarding. It may be used to expose internal servers to the
public domain or open a specific port to internal hosts. Internet hosts can use the WAN IP
address to access internal network services, such as FTP, WWW and etc. The internal FTP
server is running on the local host addressed as 192.168.1.2. When other users send this type
of request to your network through the Internet, the router will direct these requests to an
appropriate host inside. A user can also translate the port to another port by configuration.
For example, port number with 1024 can be transferred into IP address of 192.168.1.100 of
LAN. The packet is forwarded to a specific local host if the port number matches that
defined in the table.
Each item will be explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Add
Add a new port redirect profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Before using such function, there is one profile existed at
least.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable The Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Public IP
Display the interface used for such profile.
Use IP Alias
Display if IP Alias is enabled or not.
IP Alias
Display the selected WAN IP address.
Private IP
Display the private IP used for this entry.
Protocol
Display the protocol used for the entry.
Port Redirection Mode
Display the setting mode for port redirection.
Public Port Start
Display the starting number of the public port.
Public Port End
Display the ending number of the public port.
Private Port
Display the number of the private port.
How to add a new Port Redirection profile
1.
Open NAT>> Port Redirection.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
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3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable this profile.
Public IP
Specify the WAN interface for such profile.
Use IP Alias
Use the drop down menu to specify which type of IP Alias
you want.
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Single_Alias – You have to type one IP address used for IP
Alias.
All – All the IP address can be treated as IP Alias.
Alias
Type WAN IP address (es).
Private IP
Specify the private IP address of the internal host providing
the service. Simply type the private IP used for this entry.
Protocol
Choose the protocol used for the entry.
Port Redirection
Mode
Use the drop down menu to specify which mode you want to
use.
Public Port Start/
Public Port End
Type the starting/ending number of the public port.
Private Port
Type a port number for such profile.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new profile has been added onto Port Redirection table.
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4.3.2 DMZ Host
In computer networks, a DMZ (De-Militarized Zone) is a computer host or small network
inserted as a neutral zone between a company’s private network and the outside public
network. It prevents outside users from getting direct access to company network. A DMZ is
an optional and more secure approach to a firewall and effectively acts as a proxy server as
well. In a typical DMZ configuration for a small company, a separate computer (or host in
network terms) receives requests from users within the private network for access to Web
sites or other companies accessible on the public network. The DMZ host then initializes
sessions for these requests on the public networks. However, the DMZ host is not able to
initiate a session back into the private network. It can only forward packets that have already
been requested. Users of the public network outside the company can access only the DMZ
host. The DMZ may typically also have the company’s Web pages so these could be
served to the outside world. If an outside user penetrated the DMZ host’s security, only the
Web pages will be corrupted but other company information would not be exposed.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new DMZ host profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
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Before using such function, there is one profile existed at
least.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable The Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
WAN Profile
Display the WAN profile that such DMZ host profile will be
applied to.
Private IP
Display the private IP used for this entry.
Use IP Alias
Display the using status (enabled or disabled) for WAN IP
alias.
IP Alias
Display the selected WAN IP address.
How to add a new DMZ Host profile
1.
Open NAT>> DMZ Host.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable the DMZ Host profile.
WAN Profile
Choose a WAN profile for such entry.
Private IP
Type the private IP used for this entry.
Use IP Alias
Click Enable to invoke IP Alias function.
IP Alias
IP alias that can be selected and used for port redirection.
Before using it, please go to WAN>>General Setup and
enable the wan1 profile. Add several IP addresses under
Static mode for wan1.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new profile has been added onto DMZ Host table.
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4.3.3 Address Mapping
This page is used to map specific private IP to specific WAN IP alias.
If you have "a group of IP Addresses" and want to apply to the router, please use WAN IP
alias function to record these IPs first. Then, use address mapping function to map specific
private IP to specific WAN IP alias.
For example, you have IP addresses ranging from 86.123.123.1 ~ 86.123.123.8. However,
your router uses 86.123.123.1, and the rest of the IPs are recorded in WAN IP alias. You
want that private IP 192.168.1.10 can use 86.123.123.2 as source IP when it sends packet out
to Internet. You can use address mapping function to achieve this demand. Simply type
192.168.1.10 as the Private IP; and type 86.123.123.2 as the WAN IP.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new DMZ host profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name. Before using
such function, there is one profile existed at least.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable The Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
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means enabled.
WAN Profile
Display the WAN profile that such address mapping profile
will be applied to.
Private IP
Display the private IP used for this entry.
Private IP Subnet Mask
Display the subnet mask used for this entry.
Protocol
Display the protocol used for the entry.
Use IP Alias
Display the using status (enabled or disabled) for WAN IP
alias.
IP Alias
Display the selected WAN IP address.
How to add a new Address Mapping profile
1.
Open NAT>> Address Mapping.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
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Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable the Address Mapping profile.
WAN Profile
Choose a WAN profile for such entry.
Private IP
Type the private IP used for this entry.
Private IP subnet
Mask
Type the subnet mask used for this entry.
Protocol
Choose the protocol used for the entry.
Use IP Alias
Click Enable to invoke IP Alias function.
IP Alias
IP alias that can be selected and used for port redirection.
Before using it, please go to WAN>>General Setup and
enable the wan1 profile. Add several IP addresses under
Static mode for wan1.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new profile has been added onto Address Mapping table.
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4.3.4 SIP ALG
SIP ALG means Session Initiation Protocol, Application Layer Gateway. This page
allows you to choose LAN and WAN profiles to make SIP message and RTP packets of
voice being transmitting and receiving correctly via NAT by Vigor router.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable the Mirror function for the switch.
LAN Interface
Choose one of the LAN profiles.
WAN Interface
Choose one of the WAN profiles.
Apply
Click it to save the settings.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
4.4 Firewall
The firewall controls the allowance and denial of packets through the router. The
Firewall Setup in the Vigor2960 Series mainly consists of packet filtering, Denial of
Service (DoS) and URL (Universal Resource Locator) content filtering facilities. These
firewall filters help to protect your local network against attack from outsiders. A firewall
also provides a way of restricting users on the local network from accessing inappropriate
Internet content and can filter out specific packets, which may trigger unexpected outgoing
connection such as a Trojan.
The following sections will explain how to configure the Firewall. Users can select IP Filter,
DoS Defense, MAC Block and Port Block options from Firewall menu. The DoS Defense
facility can detect and mitigate the DoS attacks.
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4.4.1 Filter Setup
Vigor firewall will filter the packets based on the settings, including IP Filter, Application
Filter and URL Filter configured under Firewall>>Filter Setup. These filters will group
certain objects (e.g., IP Object, Service Object, Keyword Object, File Extension Object, IM
Object, P2P Object, P2P Object, Protocol Object, Web Category Object, Time Object, and
etc.) and form a powerful firewall to protect your computer.
IP Filter
This page allows you to create new IP filter rule(s) and group them for your request. The
upper part displays the information of IP Filter Group(s); the lower part displays the
information of IP Filter Rule(s).
You should create at least one IP filter rule and one group profile. The following will explain
IP Filter functions with details.
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Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
IP Filter Rule Group
Add
Add a new group profile for IP filter.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Group
Display the name of the IP filter group profile.
Enable The Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Comment
Display the description for such profile.
IP Filter Rule Group of Selected Group
Add
Add a new IP filter rule profile. Before you create an IP filter
rule, you have to create an IP filter group first. Otherwise,
you are not allowed to add any IP filter rule here.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
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Item
Description
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Rule
Display the name of the IP filter rule.
Enable The Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Time Profile
If no time schedule is set, None will be shown in this field.
Source IP
Display the source IP object profile selected for each rule.
Destination IP
Display the destination IP object profile selected for each
rule.
Service Type
Display the service type object profile selected for each rule.
Action
Display the action (pass or block) of such rule will use.
Next Group
Display the name for next group selected. If no group is
chosen, None will be shown instead.
Syslog
Display the status (enable or disable) of the Syslog function.
How to create an IP Filter group
To build an IP group containing IP filter rules, please follow the steps:
1.
Open Firewall>>Filter Setup and click the IP Filter tab.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
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3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Group
Type the name of the IP filter group.
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable this profile.
Comment
Give a brief description for the profile.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new filter group has been added onto Address Mapping table.
6.
Choose the IP filter group first and then click the Add tab (the lower one in this page).
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7.
The following page for configuration will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
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Item
Description
Rule
Type the name of the IP filter rule.
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable this profile.
Time Profile
Choose a schedule profile to be applied on such rule.
You can click
Source IP
Choose one or more IP object profiles from the drop down
list. The selected profile will be treated as source IP.
You can click
Destination IP
to create another new IP object profile.
Choose one or more IP object profiles from the drop down
list. The selected profile will be treated as destination IP.
You can click
Service Type
to create another new time object profile.
to create another new IP object profile.
Choose one or more service type object profiles from the
drop down list. The selected profile will be treated as service
type.
You can click
profile.
to create another new service type object
Input Interface
Choose one of the LAN or WAN profiles as data receiving
interface.
Output Interface
Choose one of the LAN or WAN profiles as data
transmitting interface.
Fragments
Specify the action for fragmented packets.
do_not_care -No action will be taken towards fragmented
packets.
unfragment - Apply the rule to unfragmented packets.
fragment - Apply the rule to fragmented packets.
Action
The action to be taken when packets match the rule.
Block - Packets matching the rule will be dropped
immediately
Pass - Packets matching the rule will be passed immediately.
Block_If_No_Further_Match - A packet matching the rule,
and that does not match further rules, will be dropped.
Pass_If_No_Further_Match - A packet matching the rule,
and that does not match further rules, will be passed through.
Syslog
Click Enable to make the history of firewall actions
appearing on the System Maintenance >> Syslog/Mail
Alert >> Syslog File.
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Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
8.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
9.
A new IP filter rule has been added onto IP Filter Rules of Selected Group table.
Note: You can create multiple IP filter groups. Each IP Filter Rules of Selected
Group belongs to an IP Filter Rule Group. Click an IP Filter Rule Group to
show its members in the lower display window.
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Application Filter
Application Filter can integrate several application objects within one profile for restricting
the usage of application. For example, it can block people defined in IP object profile not
using IM application, not using P2P for file sharing, and not downloading files via certain
protocol.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new group profile for Application filter.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of the application filter profile.
Enable The Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Time Profile
If no time schedule is set, None will be shown in this field.
Source IP
Display the source IP object profile selected for such group.
Exception IP
Display the IP object profile which will not be filtered by the
router for such group.
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Item
Description
IM Block
Display the IM object profile selected for such application
profile.
P2P Block
Display the P2P object profile selected for such application
profile.
Protocol Block
Display the protocol object profile selected for such
application profile.
How to create an Application Filter profile
1.
Open Firewall>>Filter Setup and click the Application Filter tab.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the Application filter profile.
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable this profile.
Time Profile
Choose a schedule profile to be applied on such rule.
You can click
Source IP
Choose one or more IP object profiles from the drop down
list. The selected profile will be treated as source IP.
You can click
Exception IP
to create another new IM object profile.
Choose one or more P2P object profiles from the drop down
list which will not be allowed to pass through the router.
You can click
Protocol Block
to create another new IP object profile.
Choose one or more IM object profiles from the drop down
list which will not be allowed to pass through the router.
You can click
P2P Block
to create another new IP object profile.
Choose one or more IP object profiles from the drop down
list. The selected profile will be treated as exception IP
which will not be filtered by the router for such group.
You can click
IM Block
to create another new time object profile.
to create another new P2P object profile.
Choose one or more Protocol object profiles from the drop
down list which will not be allowed to pass through the
router.
You can click
profile.
to create another new protocol object
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new Application filter profile has been added.
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URL Filter
URL Filter can integrate URL, Keyword, File extension and WCF object profiles within one
profile for restricting certain people accessing into Internet.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new group profile for URL filter.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of the application filter profile.
Enable The Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Time Profile
If no time schedule is set, None will be shown in this field.
Source IP
Display the source IP object profile selected for each rule.
Keyword Pass
Display the keyword object profile selected for each rule
which is allowed to pass through the router.
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Item
Description
Keyword Block
Display the keyword object profile selected for each rule
which is not allowed to pass through the router.
File Extension Block
Display the file extension object profile selected for each
rule which is not allowed to pass through the router.
Web Category Block
Display the web category object profile selected for each
rule which is not allowed to pass through the router.
Web Category
Administration Message
The message will display on the user's browser when he/she
tries to access the blocked web page.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
How to create a URL Filter profile
1.
Open Firewall>>Filter Setup and click the URL Filter tab.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the URL filter profile.
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable this profile.
Time Profile
Choose a schedule profile to be applied on such rule.
You can click
Source IP
Choose one or more IP object profiles from the drop down
list. The selected profile will be treated as source IP.
You can click
Keyword Pass
to create another new keyword object
Choose one or more keyword object profiles from the drop
down list which will not be allowed to pass through the
router.
You can click
profile.
File Extension
Block
to create another new IP object profile.
Choose one or more keyword object profiles from the drop
down list which will be allowed to pass through the router.
You can click
profile.
Keyword Block
to create another new time object profile.
to create another new keyword object
Choose one or more P2P object profiles from the drop down
list which will not be allowed to pass through the router.
You can click
object profile.
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Item
Description
Web Category
Block
Choose one or more WCF object profiles from the drop
down list which will not be allowed to pass through the
router.
You can click
profile.
to create another new WCF object
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new URL filter profile has been added.
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4.4.2 DoS Defense
The DoS function helps to detect and mitigates DoS attacks. These include flooding-type
attacks and vulnerability attacks. Flooding-type attacks attempt to use up all your system's
resources while vulnerability attacks try to paralyze the system by offending the
vulnerabilities of the protocol or operation system.
The DoS Defense Engine inspects each incoming packet against the attack signature
database. Any packet that may paralyze the host in the security zone is blocked. The DoS
Defense Engine also monitors traffic behavior. Any anomalous situation violating the DoS
configuration is reported and the attack is mitigated.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable this profile.
Block SYN Flood
Click Enable to activate the SYN flood defense function.
If the amount of TCP SYN packets from the Internet exceeds
the user-defined threshold value, the router will be forced to
randomly discard the subsequent TCP SYN packets within
the user-defined timeout period.
SYN Flood Threshold
The default setting for threshold is 300 packets per second.
SYN Flood Timeout
The default setting for timeout is 10 seconds.
Block ICMP Flood
Click Enable to activate the ICMP flood defense function.
If the amount of ICMP echo requests from the Internet
exceeds the user-defined threshold value, the router will
discard the subsequent echo requests within the user-defined
timeout period.
ICMP Flood Threshold
The default setting for threshold is 300 packets per second.
ICMP Flood Timeout
The default setting for timeout is 10 seconds.
Block UDP Flood
Click Enable to activate the UDP flood defense function.
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Item
Description
If the amount of UDP packets from the Internet exceeds the
user-defined threshold value, the router will be forced to
randomly discard the subsequent UDP packets within the
user-defined timeout period.
UDP Flood Threshold
The default setting for threshold is 300 packets per second.
UDP Flood Timeout
The default setting for timeout is 10 seconds.
Block Port Scan
Click Enable to activate the Port Scan detection function.
Port scan sends packets with different port numbers to find
available services, which respond. The router will identify it
and report a warning message if the port scanning rate in
packets per second exceeds the user-defined threshold value.
Port Scan Threshold
The default threshold is 300 pps (packets per second).
Block IP Options
Click Enable to activate the Block IP options function. The
router will ignore any IP packets with IP option field
appearing in the datagram header.
Block Land
Click Enable to activate the Block Land function. A Land
attack occurs when an attacker sends spoofed SYN packets
with identical source address, destination addresses and port
number as those of the victim.
Block SMURF
Click Enable to activate the Block Smurf function. The
router will reject any ICMP echo request destined for the
broadcast address.
Block Trace Route
Click Enable to activate the Block Trace Route function.
Block SYN Fragment
Click Enable to activate the Block SYN fragment function.
Any packets having the SYN flag and fragmented bit sets
will be dropped.
Block Fraggle
Click Enable to activate the Block fraggle Attack function.
Any broadcast UDP packets received from the Internet are
blocked.
Block Tear Drop
Click Enable to activate the Block Tear Drop function. This
attack involves the perpetrator sending overlapping packets
to the target hosts so that target host will hang once they
re-construct the packets. The routers will block any packets
resembling this attacking activity.
Block Ping of Death
Click Enable to activate the Block Ping of Death function.
Many machines may crash when receiving an ICMP
datagram that exceeds the maximum length. The router will
block any fragmented ICMP packets with a length greater
than 1024 octets.
Block ICMP Fragment
Click Enable to activate the Block ICMP fragment function.
Any ICMP packets with fragmented bit sets are dropped.
Block Unknown
Protocol
Click Enable to activate the Block Unknown Protocol
function. The router will block any packets with unknown
protocol types.
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Item
Description
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
4.4.3 MAC Block
MAC Block allows you to set lots of proprietary MAC Address. Packets will be dropped if
the source or destination MAC Address of packets is matched with these assigned MAC
Addresses. The advantage of MAC Block is that it can filter some unnecessary packets or
attacking packets on LAN network.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable The Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
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Item
Description
MAC Address
Display the MAC address for such profile.
How to create a new MAC Block profile
1.
Open Firewall>>MAC Block.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name which can briefly describe the reason of the
MAC block of such profile.
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable this profile.
MAC Address
Type the MAC address which will be blocked by the system
for such profile.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
A new MAC Block profile has been created.
4.5 Objects Setting
Vigor2960 allows users to set different filter profiles based on IP, service type, keyword, file
extension, instant message application, P2P application, protocol application, web category
and time setting. These objects setting profiles can be applied in Firewall.
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4.5.1 IP Object
For IPs in a limited range usually will be applied in configuring router’s settings, we can
define them with objects and bind them with groups for using conveniently. Later, we can
select that object/group that can apply it. For example, all the IPs in the same department can
be defined with an IP object (a range of IP address).
This page allows you to specify certain IP address, range of IP addresses or subnet mask as
an object which will be applied in Firewall.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (256) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Interface
Display the interface of the IP Object.
Address Type
Display the address type (single, range or subnet) for such
profile.
Start IP Address
Display the IP address of the starting point for such profile.
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Item
Description
End IP Address
Display the IP address of the ending point for such profile.
It will be joint with Start IP Address only when you choose
Range as the Address Type.
Subnet Mask
Display the subnet mask for such profile.
How to create a new IP Object profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>>IP Object.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of such profile.
Interface
Determine the category (any, source or destination) of this IP
object. If an IP object is set to Source, it will only appear in
the field of Source IP on Firewall>>IP Filter Rule.
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Item
Description
Address Type
Choose the address type (Single / Range /Subnet) for such
profile.
Start IP Address
Type the IP address of the starting point for such profile.
End IP Address
Type the IP address of the ending point for such profile if
you choose Range as Address Type.
Subnet Mask
Use the drop down list to choose the subnet mask for such
profile if you choose Subnet as Address Type.
Apply
Click it to save and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new IP object profile has been created.
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4.5.2 IP Group
To manage conveniently, several IP object profiles can be grouped under a group. Different
IP group can contain different IP object profiles.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (32) of the object profiles to be
created.
Group Name
Display the name of the object group.
Interface
Display the interface of the object group.
Description
Display the description for such profile.
Objects
Display the object profiles grouped under such group.
How to create a new IP Group profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>>IP Group.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
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3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Group Name
Type the name of the object group. The number of the
characters allowed to be typed here is 20.
Interface
Determine the category (any, source or destination) of this IP
object. If an IP object is set to Source, it will only appear in
the field of Source IP on Firewall>>IP Filter Rule.
Description
Make a brief explanation for such profile if the group name
is set not clearly.
Objects
Use the drop down list to check the IP object profiles under
such group.
All the available IP objects that you have added on Objects
Setting>>IP Object will be seen here.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
A new IP Group profile has been created.
4.5.3 Service Type Object
TCP and UDP service with specified port range can be saved with different service type
object profiles. Later, it can be applied to Firewall as a filter rule.
In default, common used service type object profiles have been created in this page.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (96) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the service type object profile.
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Item
Description
Protocol
Display the protocol selected for such profile.
Source Port Start
Display the starting source port for such profile.
Source Port End
Display the ending source port for such profile.
Destination Port Start
Display the starting destination port for such profile.
Destination Port End
Display the ending destination port for such profile.
How to create a new Service Type Object profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>> Service Type Object.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type a name for such profile. The number of the characters
allowed to be typed here is 10.
Protocol
Specify one of the protocols for such profile.
Source Port Start
It is available for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for
ICMP.
Type a port number (0 – 65535) as the starting source port.
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Item
Description
Source Port End
It is available for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for
ICMP. Type a port number (0 – 65535) as the ending source
port.
Destination Port
Start
It is available for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for
ICMP.
Type a port number (0 – 65535) as the starting destination
port.
Destination Port
End
It is available for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for
ICMP. Type a port number (0 – 65535) as the ending
destination port.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving anything.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new Service Type Object profile has been created.
4.5.4 Service Type Group
This page allows you to bind several service types into one group.
To manage conveniently, several service type profiles can be grouped under a service type
group. Different service type group can contain different service type profiles.
Each item will be explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (32) of the object profiles to be
created.
Group Name
Display the name of the service type group.
Description
Display the description for such profile.
Objects
Display the service type object profiles grouped under such
group.
How to create a new Service Type Group profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>> Service Type Group.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
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Item
Description
Group Name
Type the name of the service type object group. The number
of the characters allowed to be typed here is 20.
Group Name
Type the name of the service type object group. The number
of the characters allowed to be typed here is 20.
Objects
Use the drop down list to check the service type object
profiles under such group.
All the available service type objects that you have added on
Objects Setting>>Service Type Object will be seen here.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new Service Type Group profile has been created.
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4.5.5 Keyword Object
Keyword can be set as a filter rule to be applied in Firewall. Vigor2960 allows users to set
keyword profile with several keywords. Even, it allows users to group several keyword
profiles within a keyword group.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (100) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the keyword object profile.
Member
Display the words specified in such profile.
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How to create a new Keyword Object profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>> Keyword Object.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the service type object group. The number
of the characters allowed to be typed here is 10.
Member
Type the content for such profile. For example, type
gambling as Contents. When you browse the webpage, the
page with gambling information will be watched out and be
passed/blocked based on the configuration on Firewall
settings.
Add – Type the word in the box of Member and click this
button to add the new word as keyword object.
Save – Click it to save the setting.
– click the icon to remove the selected entry.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
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Item
Description
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new Keyword Object profile has been created.
4.5.6 Keyword Group
To manage conveniently, several keyword profiles can be grouped under a keyword group.
Different keyword group can contain different keyword profiles.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
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Item
Description
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (16) of the object profiles to be
created.
Group Name
Display the name of the service type group.
Description
Display the brief explanation for such profile.
Objects
Display the keyword object profiles grouped under such
group.
How to create a new Keyword Group Profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>> Keyword Group.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Group Name
Type the name of the service type object group. The number
of the characters allowed to be typed here is 20.
Description
Make a brief explanation for such profile if the group name
is set not clearly.
Objects
Use the drop down list to check the keyword object profiles
under such group.
All the available keyword objects that you have added on
Objects Setting>>Keyword Object will be seen here.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
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Item
Description
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new Keyword Group profile has been created.
4.5.7 File Extension Object
This page allows you to set file extension profiles which will be applied in Firewall. All the
files with the extension names specified in these profiles will be processed according to the
chosen action.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
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Item
Description
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (8) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Image
Display the selected file extension of image.
Video
Display the selected file extension of video.
Audio
Display the selected file extension of audio.
Java
Display the selected file extension of java.
ActiveX
Display the selected file extension of activeX.
Compression
Display the selected file extension of compression.
Execution
Display the selected file extension of execution.
How to create a new File Extension Object Profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>>File Extension Object.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the File Extension Object group. The
number of the characters allowed to be typed here is 10.
Image
Several file extensions for Image offered for you to choose.
Use the drop down list to check the box (es) to select the file
extension you need.
Video
Several file extensions for Video offered for you to choose.
Use the drop down list to check the box (es) to select the file
extension you need.
Audio
Several file extensions for Audio offered for you to choose.
Use the drop down list to check the box (es) to select the file
extension you need.
Java
Several file extensions for Java offered for you to choose.
Use the drop down list to check the box (es) to select the file
extension you need.
ActiveX
Several file extensions for ActiveX offered for you to
choose. Use the drop down list to check the box (es) to select
the file extension you need.
Compression
Several file extensions for compression offered for you to
choose. Use the drop down list to check the box (es) to select
the file extension you need.
Execution
Several file extensions for execution offered for you to
choose. Use the drop down list to check the box (es) to select
the file extension you need.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new File Extension Object profile has been created.
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4.5.8 IM Object
People like to use Instant Message to communication with friends on line just for fun or just
because it is easy and convenient. However, it might reduce the productivity of employees to
a company. Therefore, a tool to block or limit the usage of IM application is important to a
company. IM object setting lists all of the popular instant message application for you to
choose to block. Choose the one(s) you want to block and save as an IM Object profile. Later,
it can be applied to Firewall as a filter rule and reach the purpose of block.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (32) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the IM object profile.
Member
Display the IM application specified in such profile.
WebIM
Display the status of IM object whether including the
specified set of web IM or not.
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How to create a new IM Object Profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>>IM Object.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the IM object group. The number of the
characters allowed to be typed here is 10.
Member
Several IM applications offered for you to choose. Check the
one(s) you want to add for such profile.
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Item
Description
WebIM
It lists a package of IM application based on web page. You
may check the box to include all of them.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new IM Object profile has been created.
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4.5.9 P2P Object
Vigor2960 can block P2P application for users, especially for the ones who always upload or
download improper files to Internet.
P2P object setting lists all of the point to point application for you to choose to block.
Choose the one(s) you want to block and save as a P2P Object profile. Later, it can be
applied to Firewall as a filter rule and reach the purpose of block.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (32) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the IM object profile.
Member
Display the P2P application specified in such profile.
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How to create a new P2P Object Profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>>P2P Object.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the IM object group. The number of the
characters allowed to be typed here is 10.
Member
Several P2P applications offered for you to choose. Check
the one(s) you want to add for such profile.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
A new P2P Object profile has been created.
4.5.10 Protocol Object
Network services, e.g., DNS, FTP, HTTP, POP3, for LAN users can be blocked by
Vigor2960. Common services will be listed in this function and can be selected to be
blocked by the router.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
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Item
Description
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (32) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the IM object profile.
Member
Display the protocol application specified in such profile.
How to create a new Protocol Object Profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>>Protocol Object.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the protocol object profile. The number of
the characters allowed to be typed here is 10.
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Member
Several protocols offered for you to choose. Check the one
(s) you want to add for such profile.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new P2P Object profile has been created.
4.5.11 Web Category Object
We all know that the content on the Internet just like other types of media may be
inappropriate sometimes. As a responsible parent or employer, you should protect those in
your trust against the hazards. With web category filtering service of the Vigor router, you
can protect your business from common primary threats, such as productivity, legal liability,
network and security threats. For parents, you can protect your children from viewing adult
websites or chat rooms.
WCF adopts the mechanism developed and offered by certain service provider. No matter
activating WCF feature or getting a new license for web content filter, you have to click
Activate URL to satisfy your request. Note that service provider matching with Vigor router
currently offers a period of time for trial version for users to experiment. If you want to
purchase a formal edition, simply contact with your DrayTek dealer.
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Note: Web Content Filter (WCF) is not a built-in service of Vigor router but a service
powered by Commtouch. If you want to use such service (trial or formal edition), you
have to perform the procedure of activation first. For the service of formal edition,
please contact with your dealer/distributor for detailed information.
Web Category Object
Each item will be explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (16) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the object profile.
Child Protection
Display the items under certain category that you choose to
block for protecting the children.
Leisure
Display the items under certain category that you choose to
block.
Business
Display the items under certain category that you choose to
block.
Chatting
Display the items under certain category that you choose to
block.
Computer
Display the items under certain category that you choose to
block.
Other
Display the items under certain category that you choose to
block.
How to create a new Web Category Object Profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>> Web Category Object and click the Web Category Object
tab.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the web category object profile. The
number of the characters allowed to be typed here is 10.
Child Protection
The web pages which are not suitable for children will be
classified into different categories. Simply check the one(s)
that you don’t want the children to visit.
Leisure
Simply check the one(s) that you don’t want the user to visit.
Business
Simply check the one(s) that you don’t want the user to visit.
Chatting
Simply check the one(s) that you don’t want the user to use
for gossip with remote people.
Computer
Simply check the one(s) that you don’t want the user to visit.
Other
Simply check the one(s) that you don’t want the user to visit.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
A new Web Category Object profile has been created.
Content Filter License
Move your mouse to the link of Activate URL and click it. The system will guide you to
access into MyVigor website.
After finishing the activation for the trial version of WCF, remember to purchase “Silver
Card” for WCF service from your DrayTek dealer or distributor.
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4.5.12 Time Object
You restrict Internet access to certain hours so that users can connect to the Internet only
during certain hours, say, business hours. The schedule is also applicable to other functions,
e.g., Firewall.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (16) of the object profiles to be
created.
Profile
Display the name of the time object profile.
Frequency
Display the duration (or period) of the time object profile.
Start Date
Display the starting date of the time object profile.
Start Time
Display the starting time of the time object profile.
End Date
Display the ending date of the time object profile.
End Time
Display the ending time of the time object profile.
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Item
Description
Weekdays
Display the frequency of such time object profile.
How to create a new Time Object Profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>> Time Object.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the time object profile. The number of the
characters allowed to be typed here is 10.
Frequency
Specify how often (Weekdays or Once) the schedule will be
applied.
Start Date
Specify the starting date of the time object profile.
Start Time
Specify the starting time of the time object profile.
End Date
Specify the ending date of the time object profile.
End Time
Specify the ending time of the time object profile.
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Weekdays
Specify which days in one week should perform the
schedule.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new Time Object profile has been created.
4.5.13 Time Group
This page allows you to group several time object profiles.
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Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (8) of the object profiles to be
created.
Group Name
Display the name of the group.
Description
Display the brief explanation for such group.
Objects
Display the time objects selected by such group.
How to create a new Time Group Profile
1.
Open Objects Setting>> Time Group.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the time group. The number of the
characters allowed to be typed here is 10.
Description
Make a brief explanation for such profile if the group name
is set not clearly.
Objects
Use the drop down list to check the time object profiles
under such group.
All the available time objects that you have added on
Objects Setting>>Time Object will be seen here.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new Web Category Object profile has been created.
4.6 User Management
User Management can manage all the accounts (user profiles) to connect to Internet via
different protocols.
4.6.1 General Setup
General Setup can determine the standard (rule-based or user-based) for the users controlled
by User Management. The mode (standard) selected here will influence the contents of the
filter rule(s) applied to every user.
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Available parameters will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Mode
There are two modes offered here for you to choose. Each
mode will bring different filtering effect to the users
involved.
User-Based - If you choose such mode, the router will apply
the filter rules configured in User Management>>User
Profile to the users.
Rule-Based –If you choose such mode, the router will apply
the filter rules configured in Firewall>>General Setup and
Filter Rule to the users.
Authentication Type
Under User_Based mode, please specify the authentication
type.
White IP List
Under User_Based mode, use the drop down list to choose
IP object and/or IP group profiles.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
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Item
Description
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
User-Based Firewall Status
The User-Based Firewall Status is a monitoring tool which only works after you choose
User_Based as the Mode setting on User Management>>General Setup.ʳ
User authentication setup will launch if the router is running in User_Based mode. The
User-based Firewall Status will start to record each authentication event of specified users
including authentication failure or success, user’s IP, when or how much time the user uses,
and how much rest time for the user.
Available parameters will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Auto Refresh
Specify the interval of refresh time to obtain the latest status.
The information will update immediately when the Refresh
button is clicked.
User Name
Display the name information for the user who logs into the
WUI of Vigor2960.
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Item
Description
IP
Display the IP address of the user who logs into the WUI of
Vigor2960.
Allow Time
Display the total network connection time allowed for the
log-in user.
Start Time
Display the starting time of the network connection.
End Time
Display the ending time of the network connection.
Rest Time
Display the rest time for the wireless station to browse the
Internet.
Delete
– It is available for the administrator to turn off a specific
user’s connection immediately.
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4.6.2 User Profile
This function allows to configure all accounts (user profiles) in Vigor2960, including
PPTP/L2TP, System user, and so on.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (200) of the object profiles to be
created.
Username
Display the name of the user.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
System User
Display the status of the System User. False means disabled;
True means enabled.
PPTP
Display the status of PPTP/L2TP connection for such user
profile.
L2TP
Display the LAN profile that such profile belongs to.
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Item
Description
DHCP from
Display the LAN profile that DHCP server used for
assigning IP address(es).
Static IP Address
Display the IP address for such user profile which accesses
Internet with PPTP/L2TP connection.
Use mOTP
Display if mOTP is activated (enable or disable) or not.
How to create a new User Profile
1.
Open User Management>>User Profile.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Username
Type a name for such user profile (e.g.,
LAN_User_Group_1, WLAN_User_Group_A,
WLAN_User_Group_B, etc). When a user tries to access
Internet through this router, an authentication step must be
performed first. The user has to type the Username specified
here to pass the authentication. When the user passes the
authentication, he/she can access Internet via this router.
However the accessing operation will be restricted with the
conditions configured in this user profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
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Password
Type a password for such profile (e.g., lug123,
wug123,wug456, etc). When a user tries to access Internet
through this router, an authentication step must be performed
first. The user has to type the password specified here to pass
the authentication. When the user passes the authentication,
he/she can access Internet via this router with the limitation
configured in this user profile.
Idle Timeout
If the user is idle over the limitation of the timer, the
network connection will be stopped for such user. By
default, the Idle Timeout is set to 300 seconds.
Usage Time (min)
It means the maximum usage duration for the user. By
default, the Usage Time is 480 minutes.
System User
Choose True to allow the user accessing into WUI of
Vigor2960 via the username and password above. If you
choose False, you can set SSL for such profile.
Group
Choose the level for such profile from the drop down list.
User – the user that accessing into the web configurator of
Vigor2960 can see limited settings.
Operator – the user that accessing into the web configurator
of Vigor2960 can see most of the settings.
Admin – the user that accessing into the web configurator of
Vigor2960 can see all of the settings. Such level owns the
highest authority.
PPTP/L2TP
Click Enable to make network connection through
PPTP/L2TP protocol for users who access into Internet via
such profile.
DHCP from
Choose a LAN profile for DHCP server.
Static IP Address
Type an IP address for such user profile which accesses
Internet with PPTP/L2TP connection.
Use mOTP
Click Enable to make the authentication with mOTP
function.
mOTP PIN Code
Type the code for authentication (e.g, 1234).
mOTP secret
Use the 32 digit-secret number generated by mOTP in the
mobile phone (e.g., e759bb6f0e94c7ab4fe6).
SSL Proxy
It is available when System User is set with false. The web
proxy over SSL will be applied for VPN.
SSL Application
(VNC)
It is available when System User is set with false. Choose
one of the SSL Application profiles (VNC) for applying into
this profile.
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SSL Application
(RDP)
It is available when System User is set with false. Choose
one of the SSL Application profiles (RDP) for applying into
this profile.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new User Profile has been created.
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4.6.3 User Group
The User Group can consist of several user profiles, which help the administrator to manage
a large number of users conveniently.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a rule, simply select the one you want to delete and
click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile Number Limit
Display the total number (200) of the object profiles to be
created.
Usergroup
Display the name of the user group.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Member
Display the user profiles under such group.
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How to create a new User Group Profile
1.
Open User Management>>User Group.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Usergroup
Type the name of such profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Member
Use the drop down list to check the user profile(s) under
such group.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new User Profile has been created.
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4.6.4 RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) is a security authentication
client/server protocol that supports authentication, authorization and accounting, which is
widely used by Internet service providers. It is the most common method of authenticating
and authorizing dial-up and tunneled network users.
The built-in RADIUS client feature enables the router to assist the remote dial-in user or a
wireless station and the RADIUS server in performing mutual authentication. It enables
centralized remote access authentication for network management.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of RADIUS server.
Destination Port
The UDP port number that the RADIUS server is using. The
default value is 1812, based on RFC 2138.
Shared Secret
The RADIUS server and client share a secret that is used to
authenticate the messages sent between them. Both sides
must be configured to use the same shared secret.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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4.6.5 LDAP/Active Directory
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is a communication protocol for using in
TCP/IP network. It defines the methods to access distributing directory server by clients,
work on directory and share the information in the directory by clients. The LDAP standard
is established by the work team of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).
As the name described, LDAP is designed as an effect way to access directory service
without the complexity of other directory service protocols. For LDAP is defined to perform ,
inquire and modify the information within the directory, and acquire the data in the directory
securely, therefore users can apply LDAP to search or list the directory object, inquire or
manage the active directory.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of RADIUS server.
Port
It means the port on TCP for establishing an LDAP session
between clients and LDAP server. The default value is 389.
Base DN
It means “Base Distinguished Name”. Type or edit the
distinguished name used to look up entries on the LDAP
server.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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4.7 Application
Below shows the menu items for Applications.
4.7.1 Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your router changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the router to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the router is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the router or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It is
particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the router.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the
DDNS service providers. The router provides up to ten accounts from eight different DDNS
service providers. Basically, Vigor routers are compatible with the DDNS services supplied
by most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org, www.no-ip.com,
www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com. You should visit
their websites to register your own domain name for the router.
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Status
This page displays all the available DDNS profiles.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Auto Refresh
Specify the interval of refresh time to obtain the latest status.
The information will update immediately when the Refresh
button is clicked.
Profile
Display the name of the DDNS.
Status
Display the connection status of the DDNS server.
Domain Name
Display the domain name for the DDNS server.
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Setting
This page allows you to configure DDNS server for your request.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
rule.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
WAN Profile
Display current WAN profile used by such DDNS profile.
Routing Policy
Display the routing policy used for such DDNS profile.
Service Provider
Display the name of service provider used by such profile.
Service Type
Display the type for such profile.
Domain Name
Display the domain name of such profile.
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How to edit an existing DDNS Profile
There are 10 sets of DDNS server offered for you to modify and configure. Please choose
any one of them and click Edit to open the following page for modification.
1.
Open Applications>>Dynamic DNS and click the Setting tab.
2.
Choose the one you want to edit and click the Edit button on the top.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
WAN Profile
Choose a WAN profile that such profile will apply to.
Routing Policy
Choose the routing policy of such profile.
Selected_wan_first – Choose it to make such profile being
applied by the selected WAN interface only first.
Selected_wan_only – Choose it to make such profile being
applied by the selected WAN interface only.
Service Provider
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
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Service Type
Select a service type (Dynamic, Custom or Static). If you
choose Custom, you can modify the domain that is chosen in
the Domain Name field.
Domain Name
Type in one domain name that you applied previously. Use
the drop down list to choose the desired domain.
User Login Name
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Wildcard and
Backup MX
The Wildcard and Backup MX features are not supported for
all Dynamic DNS providers. You could get more detailed
information from their websites.
Mail Extender
Type the IP/Domain name of the mail server.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
3.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
4.
The DDNS Profile has been modified.
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4.7.2 GVRP
This function can define the method for the changing the VLAN information among devices.
With supporting GVRP, the device can receive the VLAN information coming from other
devices.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable GVRP function.
Interface
Choose a LAN or WAN profile.
Join Time
Define the time for the system to send GVRP packet to other
device. The unit is second.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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4.7.3 IGMP Proxy
IGMP is the abbreviation of Internet Group Management Protocol. It is a communication
protocol which is mainly used for managing the membership of Internet Protocol multicast
groups.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable GVRP function.
Interface
Choose a channel for IGMP.
Downstream
Choose a profile for use while downloading data from
Internet.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
4.7.4 UPnP
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT
routers, the major feature of UPnP on the router is “NAT Traversal”. This enables
applications inside the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through
a router. It is more reliable than requiring a router to work out by itself which ports need to
be opened. Further, the user does not have to manually set up port mappings or a DMZ.
UPnP is available on Windows XP and the router provide the associated support for MSN
Messenger to allow full use of the voice, video and messaging features.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable UPnP function.
Download
Enter the maximum sustained WAN download speed in
kilobits/second. Such information can be requested by UPnP
clients.
Upload
Enter the maximum sustained WAN upload speed in
kilobits/second. Such information can be requested by UPnP
clients.
External Interface
Select a WAN profile for UPnP protocol.
Internal Interface
Select a LAN profile for UPnP protocol.
Max Session
Determine the maximum session number for UPnP function.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
After enabling UPNP service setting, an icon of IP Broadband Connection on Router on
Windows XP/Network Connections will appear. The connection status and control status will
be able to be activated. The NAT Traversal of UPnP enables the multimedia features of your
applications to operate. This has to manually set up port mappings or use other similar
methods. The screenshots below show examples of this facility.
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The UPnP facility on the router enables UPnP aware applications such as MSN Messenger to
discover what are behind a NAT router. The application will also learn the external IP
address and configure port mappings on the router. Subsequently, such a facility forwards
packets from the external ports of the router to the internal ports used by the application.
The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Softwareʳ
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not working
properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing ability of some
network ports.
Security Considerationsʳ
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats. You
should consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function. ʳ
¾ Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and hence
you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and patches. ʳ
¾ Non-privileged users can control some router functions, including removing and
adding port mappings. ʳ
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The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some UPnP-aware
applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these mappings may not be
removed.
4.7.5 Wake on LAN
A PC client on LAN can be woken up by the router it connects. When a user wants to wake
up a specified PC through the router, he/she must type correct MAC address of the specified
PC on this web page of Wake on LAN of this router.
In addition, such PC must have installed a network card supporting WOL function. By the
way, WOL function must be set as “Enable” on the BIOS setting.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Wake by
Two types provide for you to wake up the binded IP. If you
choose Wake by MAC Address, you have to type the correct
MAC address of the host in MAC Address boxes. If you
choose Wake by IP Address, you have to choose the correct
IP address.
IP Address
The IP addresses that have been configured in
Firewall>>Bind IP to MAC will be shown in this drop
down list. Choose the IP address from the drop down list that
you want to wake up.
MAC Address
Type any one of the MAC address of the binded PCs.
Wake Up
Click this button to wake up the selected IP. See the
following figure. The result will be shown on the box.
Delete
Click this button to remove the result.
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4.8 VPN and Remote Access
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is the extension of a private network that encompasses
links across shared or public networks like the Internet. In short, by VPN technology, you
can send data between two computers across a shared or public network in a manner that
emulates the properties of a point-to-point private link.
Below shows the menu items for VPN and Remote Access.
4.8.1 VPN Client Wizard
Such wizard is used to configure VPN settings for VPN client. Such wizard will guide to set
the LAN-to-LAN profile for VPN dial out connection (from server to client) step by step.
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How to create LAN-to-LAN profile for VPN client (dial-out)
1.
Open VPN and Remote Access >> VPN Client Wizard.
2.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Type
Specify which protocol (PPTP or IPSec) will be used for
such VPN profile.
VPN Settings Via
Select From Current Settings - Current VPN LAN to LAN
profiles will be listed below such setting. Choose the one
you need.
Create New VPN Profile – It allows you to create a new
VPN LAN to LAN profile. Simply type the name in the field
of Profile Name. The field of Profile Name is available only
when you click this setting.
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3.
Specify the type. Click Create New VPN Profile and type the name of the profile.
Then, click Next.
4.
If you choose PPTP as the Type, you will get the following screen:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the VPN profile.
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Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Always On
Click Enable to make router always keeping connection.
Server IP Address
Type the IP address of PPTP server.
PPTP User Name
Type a user name for authentication in PPTP connection.
PPTP Password
Type a password for authentication in PPTP connection.
Local IP/Subnet
Mask
Type the IP address and subnet mask of local host.
Remote IP/Subnet
Mask
Type the LAN IP address and LAN subnet mask for the
remote host.
If you choose IPSec as the Type, you will get the following screen:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the VPN profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Auth Type
The authentication to be used by Pre-Shared Key or RSA
Signature. Choose PSK or RSA for such profile.
Certificate
Choose a local certificate from the drop down list.
Preshared Key
Type a pre-shared key for authentication if PSK is selected
as Auth Type.
Security Protocol
Choose ESP to specify the IPSec protocol for the
Encapsulating Security Payload protocol. The data will be
encrypted and authenticated. Choose AH to specify the
IPSec protocol for the Authentication Header protocol. The
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data will be authenticated but not be encrypted.
5.
WAN Profile
Choose a wan profile to be used by such profile.
Local IP/Subnet
Mask
Type the IP address and subnet mask of local host.
Local Next Hop
Specify the gateway for WAN interface. Usually, use the
default setting (leave it in blank).
Remote Host
Type the WAN IP address for the remote host.
Remote IP / Subnet
Mask
Type the LAN IP address and LAN subnet mask for the
remote host.
More Remote
Subnet
Add more remote subnet in this field if required.
Local GRE IP
The virtual IP address of the router, specified for this tunnel.
Remote GRE IP
The virtual IP address of the remote client, specified for this
tunnel.
Fill in the required information on this page and click Finish. Later, a new profile has
been created.
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4.8.2 VPN Server Wizard
Such wizard is used to configure VPN settings for VPN server. Such wizard will guide to set
the LAN-to-LAN profile for VPN dial in connection (from client to server) step by step.
How to create LAN-to-LAN profile for VPN server
1.
Open VPN and Remote Access >> VPN Server Wizard. The following dialog will
appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
2.
Item
Description
Type
Specify which protocol (PPTP or IPSec) will be used for
such VPN profile.
VPN Settings Via
Select From Current Settings - Current VPN LAN to LAN
profiles will be listed below such setting. Choose the one
you need.
Create New VPN Profile – It allows you to create a new
VPN LAN to LAN profile. Simply type the name in the field
of Profile Name. The field of Profile Name is available only
when you click this setting.
Profile Name
Type a new name for such profile.
Next
Go to next page.
Cancel
Cancel the configuration and return to the home page of such
function.
Fill in the required information on this page and click Next. If you choose IPSec as the
Type, you will get the following screen:
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of such profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Auth Type
The authentication to be used by Pre-Shared Key or RSA
Signature. Choose PSK or RSA for such profile.
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Certificate
Choose a local certificate from the drop down list.
Presared Key
Type a pre-shared key for authentication if PSK is selected
as Auth Type.
Security Protocol
Choose ESP to specify the IPSec protocol for the
Encapsulating Security Payload protocol. The data will be
encrypted and authenticated. Choose AH to specify the
IPSec protocol for the Authentication Header protocol. The
data will be authenticated but not be encrypted.
WAN Profile
Choose a wan profile to be used by such profile.
Local IP / Subnet
Mask
Type the IP address and subnet mask of local host.
Local Next Hop
Specify the gateway for WAN interface. Usually, use the
default setting (leave it in blank).
Remote Host
Type the WAN IP address for the remote host.
Remote IP/Subnet
Mask
Type the LAN IP address and LAN subnet mask for the
remote host.
More Remote
Subnet
Add more remote subnet in this field if required.
Local GRE IP
The virtual IP address of the router, specified for this tunnel.
Remote GRE IP
The virtual IP address of the remote client, specified for this
tunnel.
Previous
Back to the previous page.
Finish
Save the configuration and return to the home page of such
function.
Cancel
Cancel the configuration and return to the home page of such
function.
However, if you choose PPTP as the Type, then you will get the following screen:
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Authentication
Protocol
The router will authenticate the dial-in user with the protocol
selected here.
PAP - It means the router will attempt to authenticate dial-in
users with the PAP protocol.
CHAP - It means the router will attempt to authenticate
dial-in users with the CHAP protocol.
MPPE Encryption
Specify one of the encryptions for such server.
User Authentication
Type
Set user authentication to Local server or RADIUS server.
LAN Profile
Choose a LAN profile for PPTP Server if Local is selected
as user authentication type.
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3.
Fill in the required information on this page and click Next to go to next page.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
PPTP User Name
Type a user name for authentication in PPTP connection.
Such profile shall be created in User Management>>User
Profile previously. Otherwise, there are no selections
displayed here.
Local IP / Subnet
Mask
Type the IP address and subnet mask of local host.
Remote IP / Subnet
Mask
Type the LAN IP address and LAN subnet mask for the
remote host.
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5.
Fill in the required information on this page and click Finish. Later, the new added
VPN server profile will be displayed on the screen.
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4.8.3 Remote Access Control
Enable the necessary VPN service as you need. If you intend to run a VPN server inside your
LAN, you should disable the VPN service (e.g., PPTP VPN, IPSec VPN, L2TP VPN, SSL
VPN, etc.) of Vigor Router to allow VPN tunnel pass through.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable PPTP VPN
Service / L2TP VPN
Service/DHCP over
IPSec Service/L2TP
over IPSec Service
Check the box(es) to enable the service.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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4.8.4 PPP General Setup
Remote users can connect to the site, host, server and etc. via VPN connection built between
the router and the users by authentication procedure.
PPTP
This page display current status for VPN tunnel built with PPTP protocol.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Authenticate Protocol
The router will authenticate the dial-in user with the protocol
selected here.
PAP - It means the router will attempt to authenticate dial-in
users with the PAP protocol.
CHAP - It means the router will attempt to authenticate
dial-in users with the CHAP protocol.
MPPE Encryption
Specify one of the encryptions for such server. It is available
only when MS-CHAP or MS-CHAP_v2 is selected.
User Authentication
Type
Set user authentication to Local server or RADIUS server.
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LAN Profile
Choose a LAN profile for PPTP Server if RADIUS is
selected as user authentication type.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
L2TP
This page display current status for VPN tunnel built with L2TP protocol.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Authenticate Protocol
The router will authenticate the dial-in user with the protocol
selected here.
PAP - It means the router will attempt to authenticate dial-in
users with the PAP protocol.
CHAP - It means the router will attempt to authenticate
dial-in users with the CHAP protocol.
User Authentication
Type
Set user authentication to Local server or RADIUS server.
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LAN Profile
Choose a LAN profile for L2TP Server if RADIUS is
selected as user authentication type.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
4.8.5 IPSec General Setup
The IPSec services can provide access control, connectionless integrity, data origin
authentication, rejection of replayed packets that is a form of partial sequence integrity, and
confidentiality by encryption. These objectives are met through the use of two traffic
security protocols, the Authentication Header (AH) and the Encapsulating Security Payload
(ESP), and through the use of cryptographic key management procedures and protocols.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Preshared Key
Specify a key for IKE authentication
Confirm Pre-Shared Key- Retype the characters to confirm
the pre-shared key.
WAN Profile
Choose the WAN interface profile(s) to be used.
DHCP LAN Profile
Choose one of the LAN profiles for VPN.
IKE Port
Type the UDP port number for Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
traffic to the VPN server.
NAT-T Port
Type the UDP port number for IPSec network address
translator traversal (NAT-T) traffic.
IPSec MSS
Type the port number for IPSec MSS.
GRE over IPSec MSS
Type the port number for GRE over IPSec MSS.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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4.8.6 VPN Profiles
Here you can manage LAN-to-LAN connections by maintaining a table of connection
profiles. You may set parameters including specified connection direction (dial-in or
dial-out), connection peer ID, connection type (VPN connection - including PPTP, IPSec
Tunnel, and L2TP by itself or over IPSec) and corresponding security methods, etc.
The router supports up to 200 VPN tunnels simultaneously. The following figure shows the
summary table.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
IPSec
Display the LAN to LAN profile with IPSec policy.
PPTP Dial-out
Display the LAN to LAN profile with PPTP Dial-out policy.
PPTP Dial-in
Display the LAN to LAN profile with PPTP Dial-in policy.
Profile
Display the name of LAN to LAN profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
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Local IP / Subnet Mask
Display the LAN IP address with subnet mask of this profile.
Remote IP / Subnet
Mask
Display the WAN IP address with subnet mask of this
profile.
More Remote Subnet
Display other LAN IP addresses with subnet mask which can
be used of this profile.
How to create an IPSec VPN profile
The IPSec services can provide access control, connectionless integrity, data origin
authentication, rejection of replayed packets that is a form of partial sequence integrity, and
confidentiality by encryption. These objectives are met through the use of two traffic
security protocols, the Authentication Header (AH) and the Encapsulating Security Payload
(ESP), and through the use of cryptographic key management procedures and protocols.
1.
Open VPN and Remote Access >> VPN Profiles.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear. Click the Basic tab to configure the settings.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable this profile.
Type
There are three types offered here for you to choose. Please
choose IPSec for this case.
Always On – Click Enable to make router always keeping
connection.
Basic
Auth Type - The authentication to be used by Pre-Shared
Key or RSA Signature. Choose PSK or RSA for such
profile.
Preshared Key - Type a pre-shared key for authentication if
PSK is selected as Auth Type.
Security Protocol – Choose ESP to specify the IPSec
protocol for the Encapsulating Security Payload protocol.
The data will be encrypted and authenticated. Choose AH to
specify the IPSec protocol for the Authentication Header
protocol. The data will be authenticated but not be
encrypted.
WAN Profile- Choose a wan profile to be used by such
profile.
Local IP/Subnet Mask - Type the IP address and subnet
mask of local host.
Local Next Hop - Specify the gateway for WAN interface.
Usually, use the default setting (leave it in blank).
Remote Host - Type the WAN IP address for the remote
host.
Remote IP / Subnet Mask - Type the LAN IP address and
LAN subnet mask for the remote host.
More Remote Subnet – Add more remote subnet in this
field if required.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
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4.
After filling the required information for Basic, click the Advanced tab to open the
following page.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Aggressive Mode
Enable – Click it to enable Aggressive Mode.
Disable – Click it to disable Aggressive Mode.
Local Peer ID
Type the ID for Vigor2960 which can be configured by the
remote end. It is available for Aggressive Mode enabled
only.
Remote Peer ID
Peer ID is on behalf of the IP address while identity
authenticating with remote VPN server. The length of the ID
is limited to 47 characters. It is available for Aggressive
Mode enabled only.
Phase 1 Key Life
Time
The rekey-renegotiated period of the IKE Phase1 keying
channel of a connection. The acceptable range is from 5 to
480 minutes (8 hours).
Phase 2 Key Life
Time
The rekey-renegotiated period of the IKE Phaseʳ˅ keying
channel of a connection. The acceptable range is from 5 to
480 minutes (8 hours).
Perfect Forward
Secrecy Status
Enable the PFS function. A new Diffie-Hellman Key
Exchange is included every time an encryption and/or
authentication key are computed on PFS.
Dead Peer
Detection Status
Enable or disable the DPD function.
DPD Delay
The keep-alive timer. A Hello message will be emitted
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periodically when a tunnel is idle. Use the value 0 to disable
this function. The recommended value is 30 seconds if
enabled.
5.
DPD Timeout
The timeout timer. The peer will be declared dead once no
acknowledge message is received after timeout value. Use
the value 0 to disable this function. The recommended value
is 120 seconds.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
After filling the required information for Advanced, click the GRE tab to open the
following page.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable GRE
Function
Click Enable to enable such function.
Local GRE IP
The virtual IP address of the router, specified for this tunnel.
Remote GRE IP
The virtual IP address of the remote client, specified for this
tunnel.
Auto Generate
GRE Key
Click Enable to enable such function.
If you click Disable, you have to type GRE In Key and
GRE Out Key respectively.
GRE In Key
Type the hexadecimal number as GRE In Key. This value is
used for the router to authenticate the source of the packet.
The length is 4 bytes
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6.
GRE Out Key
Type the hexadecimal number as GRE Out Key. This value
is used for the remote client to authenticate the source of the
packet. The length is 4 bytes.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
After filling the required information for GRE, click the Proposal tab to open the
following page.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
IKE Phase1
Proposal (Dial-Out)
Propose the local available authentication schemes and
encryption algorithms to the VPN peers, and get its feedback
to find a match.
IKE Phase1
Authentication
(Dial-Out)
Propose the local available algorithms to the VPN peers, and
get its feedback to find a match.
IKE Phase2
Proposal (Dial-Out)
Propose the local available authentication schemes and
encryption algorithms to the VPN peers, and get its feedback
to find a match.
IKE Phase2
Authentication
(Dial-Out)
Propose the local available algorithms to the VPN peers, and
get its feedback to find a match.
Accepted Proposal
(Dial-In)
For the dial-in VPN user, please specify the limitation of the
proposal.
acceptall - When the VPN tunnel is established, all the
proposals supported by this device will be accepted and
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applied.
acceptabove - When the VPN tunnel is established, only the
selected proposal will be accepted and applied by this
device.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving configuration.
7.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
8.
A new IPSec LAN-to-LAN profile has been created.
How to create a PPTP Dial-Out VPN profile
Below will guide you to create a PPTP dial-out profile for VPN connection:
1.
Open VPN and Remote Access >> VPN Profiles.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
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3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable this profile.
Type
There are three types offered here for you to choose. Please
choose PPTP Dial-Out for this case.
PPTP
Always On - Click Enable to make the profile being always
on.
Server IP Address - Type the IP address of PPTP server.
PPTP User Name - Type a user name for authentication in
PPTP connection.
PPTP Password - Type a password for authentication in
PPTP connection.
Local IP/Subnet Mask - Type the IP address and subnet
mask of local host.
Remote IP / Subnet Mask - Type the LAN IP address and
LAN subnet mask for the remote host.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
A new PPTP Dial-Out VPN profile has been created.
How to create a PPTP Dial-In VPN profile
Below will guide you to create a PPTP dial-in profile for VPN connection:
1.
Open VPN and Remote Access >> VPN Profiles.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable this profile.
Type
There are three types offered here for you to choose. Please
choose PPTP Dial-In for this case.
Set PPTP Dial-In
For User Profile
Click it to create a new user profile or to modify an existing
profile.
See the explanation later.
PPTP User Name
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Choose a PPTP user profile for authentication in PPTP
connection.
Such profile shall be created in User Management>>User
201
Profile previously. You can click Set PPTP Dial-In For
User Profile in this page to configure a new one for
choosing.
Local IP/Subnet
Mask
Type the IP address and subnet mask of local host.
Remote IP / Subnet
Mask
Type the LAN IP address and LAN subnet mask for the
remote host.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new PPTP Dial-In LAN-to-LAN profile has been created.
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Set PPTP Dial-In For User Profile
To set PPTP Dial-In connection, you have to create PPTP user profiles previously in User
Management>>User Profile, or click Set PPTP Dial-In For User Profile in this page to
configure a new one for choosing for authentication in PPTP connection.
Below shows the window of Set PPTP Dial-In For User Profile. For the configuration and
detailed information, simply refer to 4.6.2 User Profile.
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4.8.7 VPN Trunk Management
VPN Load Balance Mechanism can set multiple VPN tunnels for using as traffic load
balance tunnel. It can assist users to do effective load sharing for multiple VPN tunnels
according to real line bandwidth. Moreover, it offers three types of algorithms for load
balancing and binding tunnel policy mechanism to let the administrator manage the network
more flexibly.
¾
¾
¾
¾
Three types of load sharing algorithm offered, Round Robin, Weighted Round Robin
and Fastest
Binding Tunnel Policy mechanism allows users to encrypt the data in transmission or
specified service function in transmission and define specified VPN Tunnel for having
effective bandwidth management ʳ
Dial-out connection types contain IPSec, PPTP, L2TP, L2TP over IPSec and GRE over
IPSecʳ
The web page is simple to understand and easy to configure
The TCP Session transmitted by using VPN TRUNK-VPN Load Balance mechanism will
not be lost due to one of VPN Tunnels disconnected. Users do not need to reconnect with
setting TCP/UDP Service Port again. The VPN Load Balance function can keep the
transmission for internal data on tunnel stably.
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Load Balance Rule
To build VPN load balance connection with other router, you can define the load balance
rule in this page.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Protocol
Display the protocol configured by such profile.
Source IP Address
Display the source IP address specified for this profile.
Source Mask
Display the subnet mask address specified for the source IP
of this entry.
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Destination IP Address
Display the destination IP address specified for this entry.
Destination Mask
Display the subnet mask address specified for the destination
IP of this entry.
Destination Port Start
Display the start point specified in the Dest Port Range for
this entry.
Destination Port End
Display the end point specified in the Dest Port Range for
this entry.
Load Balance Pool
Display the load balance pool selected for such rule.
How to add a Load Balance Rule profile
1.
Open VPN and Remote Access >>VPN TRUNK Management and click the Load
Balance Rule tab.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Protocol
Type the protocol configured by such profile.
Source IP Address
Type the source IP address specified for this profile.
Source Mask
Type the subnet mask address specified for the source IP.
Destination IP
Address
Type the destination IP address specified for this entry.
Destination Mask
Type the subnet mask address specified for the destination
IP.
Destination Port
Start
Type the start point specified in the Dest Port Range.
Destination Port
End
Type the end point specified in the Dest Port Range.
Load Balance Pool
Use the drop down list to choose one profile configured in
load balance pool. Then, such rule will be applied by the
pool.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new profile has been created.
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Load Balance Pool
This page allows the user to integrate several WAN profiles as a pool profile specified with
the function of load balance or failover.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Interface
Display the name of the Load Balance profile grouped under
such pool profile.
How to add a Load Balance Pool Profile
1.
Open VPN and Remote Access >>VPN TRUNK Management and click the Load
Balance Pool tab.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
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3.
The following dialog will appear. Type the name of the profile (e.g., LB_Pool_1,
within 10 characters including digit, letter, and underline) under the Mode tab.
4.
Click the Load Balance tab to open the following dialog.
If there is no selection for Interface option, please go to VPN and Remote
Access>>LAN to LAN to create a new IPSec LAN to LAN profile with enabled GRE
setting. Then, return to this page to specify the Interface option.
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5.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
6.
A new profile has been created.
Refer to Chapter 3, How to Configure VPN Load Balance between Vigor2960 and Other
Router for getting more detailed information about Load Balance application.
4.8.8 Connection Management
You can find the summary table of all VPN connections. You may disconnect any VPN
connection by clicking Disconnect button.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
This filed displays the profile configured in LAN-to-LAN
(with Index number and VPN Server IP address). The VPN
connection built by General Mode does not support VPN
backup function.
Connect
Click this button to execute dial out function.
IPSec
Click it to perform IPSec VPN connection.
PPTP
Click it to perform PPTP VPN connection.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
VPN
Display the name of VPN profile.
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Type
Display the connection type (PPTP or IPSec) for such VPN
profile.
Remote IP
Display the remote IP configure by VPN profile.
Virtual Network
Display the virtual network established by such VPN profile.
Up Time
Display the connection time of this VPN tunnel.
RX (Packets)
Display the total received packets through this VPN.
TX (Packets)
Display the total transmitted packets through this VPN.
Disconnect
Terminate the VPN connection.
4.9 Certificate Management
A digital certificate works as an electronic ID, which is issued by a certification authority
(CA). It contains information such as your name, a serial number, expiration dates etc., and
the digital signature of the certificate-issuing authority so that a recipient can verify that the
certificate is real. Here Vigor router support digital certificates conforming to standard
X.509.
Any entity wants to utilize digital certificates should first request a certificate issued by a CA
server. It should also retrieve certificates of other trusted CA servers so it can authenticate
the peer with certificates issued by those trusted CA servers.
Here you can generate and manage the local digital certificates, and set trusted CA
certificates. Remember to adjust the time of Vigor router before using the certificate so that
you can get the correct valid period of certificate.
Below shows the menu items for Certificate Management.
Local certificate is created by the end user and must be signed by a trusted CA center.
Vigor2960 can serve as a trusted CA and is called with “Root CA”. Therefore, any user can
ask for certificate signed by Vigor2960.
When Vigor2960 serves as a Root CA, it can sign the certificates coming from the users.
First, building a Root CA for Vigor2960 by clicking Trusted CA Certificate. Later,
certificate coming from other users can be uploaded to Root CA (Vigor2960) and be signed
by Vigor2960.
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4.9.1 Local Certificate
This page allows users to generate certificate based on different work requests. Local
certificate can be signed by itself or signed by a root CA (e.g., root CA on Vigor2960).
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Upload
Allow you to upload current configuration to the host as a
CA certificate.
Delete
Remove the selected item of Trusted CA listed below.
Download
Allow you to download an existing CA certificate to the
router.
Generate
Open another web page for generating the local certificate.
Selected File
Use the Browse.. button to specify a file to be used as trusted
CA certificate.
Name
Display the name of trusted CA built.
Subject
Display the subject of the trusted CA built.
Issuer
Display the issuer of the trusted CA built.
Status
Display the status of the trusted CA built.
Valid From
Display the starting point of the valid time of trusted CA.
Valid To
Display the end point of the valid time of trusted CA.
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How to build a local certificate
1.
Open Certificate Management>> Local Certificate.
2.
Simply click the Generate button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Certificate Name
Type the name of the local certificate.
ID Type
The ID type for such certificate. There are four types:
Domain Name: Certificated by domain name.
IP: Certificated by IP address.
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Email: Certificated by email address.
None: Do not enter an ID value.
ID Value
The ID value is determined by the ID Type selected for such
certificate.
For example, if you choose Domain_Name as the ID Type,
please type the domain name in this field.
Organization Unit
Type a description for the organization unit.
Organization
Type the name of the organization.
Locality (City)
Type the name of the city for such certificate.
State/Province
Type the name of the state /province for such certificate.
Common Name
Type the common name for such certificate.
Email Address
Type the e-mail address for such certificate.
Key Size
Choose one of the key sizes for such certificate.
Country
Type the name of the country that such certificate located.
Passphase
Such string will be used for confirmation while signing
remote CA. It is similar to a password but generally it is
longer for security.
Apply
Click it to create a new local certificate based on the
configuration here.
Cancel
Click it to exit the web page without saving the
configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new generated Local Certificate has been created.
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How to download a local certificate into specified location
Vigor router allows you to generate a certificate request and submit it the CA server. After
generating a local certificate, you can download it as a file into any place you want.
If you have already gotten a certificate from a third party, you may import it directly. The
supported types are PKCS12 Certificate and Certificate with a private key.
1.
Open Certificate Management>> Local Certificate.
2.
Click the Download button.
3.
Click Save. The file will be stored under the folder you specified above.
How to upload a local certificate
1.
Open Certificate Management>> Local Certificate.
2.
Click the Browse.. button to import a CA file stored on the computer as the
certification information.
3.
Click Open for the selected CA file.
4.
Click Upload. The system will start to upload the selected file.
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4.9.2 Trusted CA Certificate
This page allows you to build a RootCA certificate for Vigor2960.
RootCA can be deleted but not edited. If you want to modify the settings for a RootCA,
please delete the one and create another one by clicking Build RootCA.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Upload
Allow you to upload current configuration to the host as a
CA certificate.
Delete
Remove the selected item of trusted CA listed below.
Selected File
Use the Browse.. button to specify a file to be used as trusted
CA certificate.
Name
Display the name of trusted certificate built.
Subject
Display the subject of trusted certificate built.
Issuer
Display the issuer of trusted certificate built.
Status
Display the status of trusted certificate built.
Valid From
Display the starting point of the valid time of trusted
certificate.
Valid To
Display the end point of the valid time of trusted certificate.
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4.10 SSL VPN
An SSL VPN (Secure Sockets Layer virtual private network) is a form of VPN that can be
used with a standard Web browser.
There are two benefits that SSL VPN provides:
¾
¾
It is not necessary for users to preinstall VPN client software for executing SSL VPN
connection.
There are less restrictions for the data encrypted through SSL VPN in comparing with
traditional VPN.
4.10.1 SSL Web Proxy
SSL Web Proxy will allow the remote users to access the internal web sites over
SSL.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
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Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the profile that you create.
URL
Display the URL.
Host IP Address
Display the IP address for the Host.
How to create a new SSL Web Proxy
1.
Open SSL VPN>> SSL Web Proxy.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type name of the profile.
URL
Type the address (function variation or IP address) or path of
the proxy server.
Host IP Address
If you type function variation as URL, you have to type
corresponding IP address in this filed. Such field must match
with URL setting.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
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4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A new SSL Web Proxy profile has been created.
4.10.2 SSL Application
It provides a secure and flexible solution for network resources, including VNC (Virtual
Network Computer) /RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) /SAMBA, to any remote user with
access to Internet and a web browser.
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VNC
VNC stands for Virtual Network Computing. It allows you to access and control a remote
PC through VNC protocol.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the profile that you create.
IP Address
Display the IP address for this protocol.
Port
Display the port used for this protocol.
Scaling
Display the percentage for such application.
How to create a new SSL Application with VNC protocol
1.
Open SSL VPN>> SSL Application and click the VNC tab.
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2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile that you create.
IP Address
Type the IP address for this protocol.
Port
Specify the port used for this protocol. The default setting is
5900.
Scaling
Chose the percentage (100%, 80%, 60%) for such
application.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
A new SSL Application profile has been created.
RDP
RDP stands for Remote Desktop Protocol. It allows you to access and control a remote PC
through RDP protocol.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
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Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the profile that you create.
IP Address
Display the IP address for this protocol.
Port
Display the port used for this protocol.
Screen Size
Display the screen size for such application.
How to create a new SSL Application with RDP protocol
1.
Open SSL VPN>> SSL Application and click the RDP tab.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile that you create.
IP Address
Type the IP address for this protocol.
Port
Specify the port used for this protocol.
Screen Size
Chose the screen size for such application.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
A new SSL Application profile has been created.
4.10.3 Online User Status
If you have finished the configuration of SSL Web Proxy (server), users can find out
corresponding settings when they access into Draytek SSL VPN portal interface.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Auto Refresh
Specify the interval of refresh time to obtain the latest status.
The information will update immediately when the Refresh
button is clicked.
User Name
Display current user who visit SSL VPN server.
Remote IP
Display the IP address for the host.
Time out
Display the time remaining for logging out.
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4.11 Bandwidth Management
Below shows the menu items for Bandwidth Management.
The QoS (Quality of Service) guaranteed technology in the Vigor router allows the network
administrator to monitor, analyze, and allocate bandwidth for various types of network
traffic in real-time and/or for business-critical traffic. Thus, timing-sensitive applications will
not be impacted by web surfing traffic or other non-critical applications, such as file transfer.
Without QoS-guaranteed control, there would be virtually no way to prioritize users/services
or guarantee allocation of finite bandwidth resources to network or servers for supporting
timing-sensitive and mission-critical network applications, such as VoIP (Voice over IP) and
online gaming applications.
Differentiated quality of service is therefore one of the most important issues over the
Internet infrastructure. In Vigor router, DSCP (Differentiated Service Code Point) support is
also taken into consideration in the design of the QoS-guaranteed control module.
The QoS function handles incoming and outgoing classes independently. Users can
configure incoming or outgoing separately without any impact on the other.
4.11.1 Incoming Class
Incoming Class Setup allows you to configure bandwidth percentage for data and voice
signals transmission. Click the Bandwidth Management option and choose Incoming
Class.
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Total Rate Control
This page can set the total rate of incoming data for the QoS policer.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Mode
Click Enable to enable such function.
Rate
Type the number as the total transmission rate for the
incoming data.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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Class Rate Control
This page allows you to edit the incoming class rate for the QoS policer.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected policy.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
policy.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
QoS Policer
Display the name of the QoS Policer.
Mode
Display the status of QoS Policer.
Rate
Display the rate of QoS Policer.
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How to edit the incoming class rate for the QoS policer
1.
Open Bandwidth Management>> Incoming Class and click the Class Rate Control
tab.
2.
Choose one of the incoming class rates and click the Edit button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
QoS Policer
Display the name of the incoming class profile.
Mode
Click Enable to invoke such incoming class profile.
Rate
Type the number of rate for such profile.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the page.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
The QoS Policer profile has been modified.
4.11.2 Incoming Filter
There are 30 filter rules for incoming data that can be configured in such page.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected policy.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
policy.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Filter Rule
Display the name of the filter rule.
Policer
Display the name of filter Policer.
Drop
Display the status for the packet to be discarded or not.
Reserved
Display the status for the packet to be kept in the buffer or
not.
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How to edit the incoming filter for the QoS policer
1.
Open Bandwidth Management>> Incoming Filter.
2.
Choose one of the filter rules and click the Edit button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Filter Rule
Display the profile name of the filter rule.
Policer
Choose the QoS Policer profile to apply to such filter rule.
Drop
Choose Enable to discard the packets which satisfy the
condition of the filter rule.
Reserved
Choose Enable to keep the packets which satisfy the
condition of the filter rule, even the system is busy.
When both Drop and Reserved are set to Enable, the
priority of Drop is higher than Reserved.
IP Protocol
Choose a protocol for such filter rule.
Source IP Address
Type the source IP address for such incoming filter rule.
Source IP Address
Mask
Type the mask address for the source IP address.
Source Port Enable
Choose Enable to restrict the source port value.
Source Port Start
Type the starting port number (0 - 65535) in the range of the
source port.
Source Port End
Type the ending port number (0 - 65535) in the range of the
source port.
Destination IP
Address
Type the destination IP address for such incoming filter rule.
Destination IP
Address Mask
Type the mask address for the destination IP address.
Destination port
Enable
Choose Enable to restrict the destination port value.
Destination Port
Start
Type the starting port number (0 - 65535) in the range of the
destination port.
Destination Port
End
Type the ending port number (0 - 65535) in the range of the
destination port.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the page.
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Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
The incoming filter rule for QoS Policer has been modified.
4.11.3 Outgoing Class
Outgoing Class Setup allows you to configure bandwidth percentage for data and voice
signals transmission. Click the Bandwidth Management option and choose Incoming
Class.
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Total Rate Control
This page can set the total rate of outgoing data for the QoS policer.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Status
Click Enable to enable such function.
Rate
Type the rate for outgoing data. The range can be set from
64000 to 10000000.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the page.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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Class Rate Control
This page allows you to edit the outgoing class rate for different QoS policer.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected policy.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
policy.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Profile
Display the name of the outgoing class rate profile.
Status
Display the status (enable or disable) of such profile.
Rate
Display the limitation (from 64000 to 10000000) for the rate
of queue.
Description
Display the description for such profile.
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How to edit the outgoing class rate for the QoS policer
1.
Open Bandwidth Management>> Outgoing Class and click the Class Rate Control
tab.
2.
Choose one of the profiles and click the Edit button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
4.
Item
Description
Profile
Display the name of the QoS Shaper profile.
Status
Click Enable to enable such function.
Rate
Type the limitation for the rate of queue. Click the unit for
such rate.
Description
Such information is offered by the system automatically. It is
not necessary to change it.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the page.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
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5.
The outgoing class rate for QoS Policer has been modified.
Outgoing Queue 1- 5 Weight
There are several available outgoing queues, four shapers at varying levels, and five data
queues with weights. All queues in the data group to be initialized with weights of zero,
resulting in a strict service to completion (STC) mechanism across all queues.0.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Edit
Modify the selected policy.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
policy.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
QoS Queue
Display the name of the QoS queue.
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Weight
Display the weight of the QoS queue.
How to edit the outgoing queue 1- 5 weight for the QoS policer
The bandwidth of the whole network traffic is dispatched according to the weight setting
configured in Queue 1-5 Weight. For example, the weight value for queue 1 is set to 5, for
queue 2 is 4, for queue 3 is 3, for queue 4 is 2 and for queue 5 is 1. Then session of queue 1
will have the largest bandwidth for it occupies largest weight (5/(5+4+3+2+1)).
1.
Open Bandwidth Management>> Outgoing Class and click the Queue 1-5 Weight
tab.
2.
Choose one of the profiles and click the Edit button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
QoS Queue
Display the name of the QoS queue.
Weight
Type the weight of queues in bytes, range from 0 to
1000000.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the page.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
The outgoing queue 1-5 weight for QoS Policer has been modified.
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4.11.4 Outgoing Filter
There are 30 filter rules for outgoing data that can be configured in such page.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new filter profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of the profile for the filter.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
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Source IP
Display the source IP address for the filter.
Destination IP
Display the destination IP address for the filter.
Service Type
Display the protocol used for such filter.
Queue Number
Display the queue number that such filter is categorized.
How to add an outgoing filter for the QoS policer
1.
Open Bandwidth Management>> Outgoing Filter.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the filter profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Source IP
Type the source IP address with subnet mask value to be
applied for this filter.
Destination IP
Type the destination IP address with subnet mask value to be
applied for this filter.
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Service Type
Choose one of the service types from the drop down list. If
you want to create a new service type, simply click
open the following dialog.
to
Profile – type a new name for such service type.
Protocol –There are two options: TCP, UDP and
TCP/UDP. Select the protocol that you want to use.
Source Port Start /End - Type the start /end number for the
port range of the source port for such filter.
Destination Port Start / End - Type the start /end number
for the port range of the destination port for such filter.
Queue Number
Choose a queue number to category the packets matching
with the condition configured as above. Queue 7 is the
highest; 0 is the lowest.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the page.
Cancel
Click it to exit the page without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
The outgoing filter for QoS Policer has been created.
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4.11.5 Sessions Limit
A PC with private IP address can access to the Internet via NAT router. The router will
generate the records of NAT sessions for such connection. The P2P (Peer to Peer)
applications (e.g., BitTorrent) always need many sessions for procession and also they will
occupy over resources which might result in important accesses impacted. To solve the
problem, you can use limit session to limit the session procession for specified Hosts.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Sessions Limit to open the web page.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of the profile. False means disabled; True
means enabled.
Source IP
Display the IP address with subnet mask of the profile.
Max Sessions
Display the maximum sessions used by the profile.
Connection Limit
Display the message to inform the user when the permitted
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Administration Message
session limit is reached.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
How to add a session limit profile for the QoS policer
1.
Open Bandwidth Management>> Sessions Limit.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
Source IP
Type the source IP address with subnet mask for limit
session.
Max Sessions
Defines the available session number for each host in the
specific range of IP addresses. If you do not set the session
number in this field, the system will use the default session
limit for the specific limitation you set for each index. This
field cannot be typed with “0”, otherwise the profile cannot
be saved.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
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Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A session limit profile has been created.
4.11.6 Bandwidth Limit
The downstream or upstream from FTP, HTTP or some P2P applications will occupy large
of bandwidth and affect the applications for other programs. Please use Limit Bandwidth to
make the bandwidth usage more efficient.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Bandwidth Limit to open the web page.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Add
Add a new profile.
Edit
Modify the selected profile.
To edit a profile, simply select the one you want to modify
and click the Edit button. The edit window will appear for
you to modify the corresponding settings for the selected
profile.
Delete
Remove the selected profile.
To delete a profile, simply select the one you want to delete
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and click the Delete button.
Refresh
Renew current web page.
Rename
Allow to modify the selected profile name.
Profile
Display the name of the bandwidth limitation profile.
Enable This Profile
Display the status of such profile.
Start IP
Display the start IP address for the profile.
End IP
Display the end IP address for the profile.
TX Limit
Display the limitation for the speed of the upstream for the
profile.
RX Limit
Display the limitation for the speed of the downstream for
the profile.
Enable Smart
Bandwidth Limit
Check the box to enable smart bandwidth limit function. It
will apply to the IP addresses that are not included in the
limitation list defined in the Bandwidth Limit profile.
Session Threshold
If the session number for data transmission is over the
threshold number configured here, the system will start to
limit the TX(transmitting) and RX(receiving) rate.
TX Limit
Type a number as transmitting rate or keep the default
setting.
RX Limit
Type a number as receiving rate or keep the default setting.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
How to add a bandwidth limit profile for the QoS policer
1.
Open Bandwidth Management>>Bandwidth Limit.
2.
Simply click the Add button.
3.
The following dialog will appear.
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Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Type the name of the profile.
Start IP
Define the start IP address for limit bandwidth.
End IP
Define the end IP address for limit bandwidth.
TX Limit
Define the limitation for the speed of the upstream. If you do
not set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index. Do
not type the value with “0”, otherwise the profile cannot be
saved.
RX Limit
Define the limitation for the speed of the downstream. If you
do not set the limit in this field, the system will use the
default speed for the specific limitation you set for each
index. Do not type the value with “0”, otherwise the profile
cannot be saved.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration and exit the dialog.
Cancel
Click it to exit the dialog without saving the configuration.
4.
Enter all the settings and click Apply.
5.
A bandwidth limit profile has been created.
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4.12 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
Status, Administrator Password, Configuration Backup, Syslog/Mail Alert, Time and Date,
Access Control, SNMP Setup, Reboot System, Firmware Upgrade and Upload Language
File.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
4.12.1 TR-069
This device supports TR-069 standard. It is very convenient for an administrator to manage a
TR-069 device through an Auto Configuration Server, e.g., VigorACS.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check this box to enable such profile.
ACS Server
URL/Username
Such data must be typed according to the ACS (Auto
Configuration Server) you want to link. Please refer to Auto
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/Password
Configuration Server user’s manual for detailed information.
WAN Profile
Choose one of the WAN profiles which will be recognized
by VigorACS.
Port
Type the port number for Vigor2960 which will be
recognized by VigorACS.
CPE URL
Display the URL of such CPE.
Periodic Status
The default setting is Enable. Please set periodic time for
VigorACS to send notification to CPE. Or click Disable to
close the mechanism of notification.
Periodic Time
Set the time for VigorACS to send notification to CPE.
CPE Username
Type the user name for the CPE which will be used by the
administrator of VigorACS to log into the WUI of
Vigor2960.
CPE Password
Type the password for the CPE which will be used by the
administrator of VigorACS to log into the WUI of
Vigor2960.
Apply
Click it to save the configuration.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
4.12.2 Administrator Password
This page allows you to set new password for accessing into the WUI of the router.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Original Password
Type the old password.
New Password
Type the new password.
Confirm Password
Re-type the new password for confirmation.
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Apply
Click this button to save the configuration and exit the web
page.
4.12.3 Configuration Backup
Most of the settings can be saved locally as a configuration file, and can be applied to
another router. The router supports functions of restore and backup for the configuration
file.
Backup
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Encrypt Config
Check this box to encrypt the configuration file.
Password – Type a password for encrypting the file.
Confirm Password – Retype the password for confirmation.
Backup Type
Choose one of the types to determine where the file will be
stored.
Backup to Local File – The configuration file will be stored
in local host.
Backup to Remote TFTP Server – The configuration file
will be stored in the remote TFTP server specified.
Backup Selected Config – The configuration file will be
stored with an existing file in local host. You must select
which file you want to store.
Config File Name
The default configuration file name (file format shall be .tgz)
will be shown here. You can change the name if required.
Backup
Execute the file downloading job to the computer.
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Restore
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Decrypt Config
Check this box to decrypt an encrypted configuration file.
You can specify a password for decrypting the file for
restoring it for use next time.
Password – Type a password for encrypting the file.
Confirm Password – Retype the password for confirmation.
Restore Type
Choose one of the types to determine where the file will be
downloaded from.
Restore Settings via Local Config File – Click it to restore
the configuration settings through a configuration file stored
locally.
Restore Settings via TFTP Server – Click it to restore the
configuration settings through TFTP server.
Select File
Use the Browse.. button to locate the file for uploading to
the router.
Restore
Click it to upload the selected file to the router. After
finishing the restoration, the system will ask you to reboot
the router.
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4.12.4 Syslog / Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor router. There is no bother to directly get
into the Web Configurator of the router or borrow debug equipments.
Syslog Access Setup
To configure settings for Syslog, open System Maintenance>>Syslog/Mail Alert and click
the Syslog Access Setup tab.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
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Item
Description
Status
Choose one of the selections to determine current status for
Syslog access. If you choose Local as Status, you don’t need
to type any server IP and port. Just give a name for the
router.
Server IP
Type the IP address of the Syslog server.
Server Port
Type the port number for the Syslog server.
Router Name
Type the name of the router. The default name is Vigor.
Firewall Log
Click Enable to make the firewall log recorded in the
Syslog.
VPN Log
Click Enable to make the VPN log recorded in the Syslog.
User Access Log
Click Enable to make the user access log recorded in the
Syslog.
WAN Log
Click Enable to make the WAN log recorded in the Syslog.
Others Log
Click Enable to make other logs recorded in the Syslog.
Apply
Click this button to save the configuration and exit the web
page.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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SysLog File
This page displays all the operation logs for the router.
Mail Alert
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
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Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable such profile.
Mail From
Type a mail address for the mail sender.
Mail To
Assign a mail address for the mail receiver.
SMTP Port
Type the port number for SMTP server.
SMTP Server
Type the IP address for SMTP server.
User Login
Click Enable to make any user logging into the mail server.
User Name
Type the user name for authentication.
User Password
Type the password for authentication.
Apply
Click this button to save the configuration and exit the web
page.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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4.12.5 Time and Date
This page allows you to specify where the time of the router should be inquired from.
As an NTP (Network Time Protocol) client, the router gets standard time from the time
server. Some time-based functions cannot work properly until the system time functions run
successfully. Typically, NTP achieves high accuracy and reliability with multiple redundant
servers and diverse network paths.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Time Type
NTP – Select to inquire time information from Time Server
on the Internet using assigned protocol.
Browser - Select this option to use the browser time from
the remote administrator PC host as router’s system time.
Server
Type the domain name of the server.
Port
Type the port number for the time server.
Interval
Select a time interval for updating from the NTP server.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the router is located.
Daylight Saving
Click Enable to enable the daylight saving. Such feature is
available for certain area.
Apply
Click this button to save the configuration and exit the web
page.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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4.12.6 Access Control
This page allows you to open or close the web configurator ofVigor2960 by using Telnet,
SSH, HTTP, HTTPS… and etc…
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Web Allow
Click Enable to allow system administrator to login from the
Internet and management the web page of the router.
Web Port
Type the port number for the management through web
page.
Telnet Allow
Click Enable to allow system administrator to login from the
telnet and management the web page of the router.
Telnet Port
Type the port number for the management through telnet
page.
SSH Allow
Click Enable to allow system administrator to login from the
SSH server and management the web page of the router.
SSH Port
Type the port number for the management through SSH
server.
HTTPS Allow
Click Enable to allow system administrator to login from the
HTTPS server and management the web page of the router.
HTTPS Port
Type the port number for the management through HTTPS
server.
User Define
Click Enable to allow system administrator to login from the
user defined IP address and management the web page of the
router. If you enable such function, the system can be
managed by these three IP addresses via WAN.
Allowed IP1 - Allowed
IP3
Type the first IP address for the system administrator to
login.
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The former box indicates an IP address allowed to login to the
router, and the later box indicates a subnet mask allowed to
login to the router.
Allow Ping from WAN
Click Enable to allow system administrator to ping the router
from WAN interface.
Allow Ping form LAN
Click Enable to allow system administrator to ping the router
from LAN interface.
Apply
Click this button to save the configuration and exit the web
page.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
4.12.7 SNMP Setup
This page allows you to manage the settings for SNMP setup.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Enable This Profile
Check the box to enable such profile.
Get Community
Set the name for getting community by typing a proper
character. The default setting is public.
Set Community
Set community by typing a proper name. The default setting
is private.
Manager Host IP
Type the IP address for the manager host.
Apply
Click this button to save the configuration and exit the web
page.
Cancel
Click it to discard the settings configured in this page.
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4.12.8 Reboot System
The Vigor router system can be restarted from a Web browser. You have to reboot the router
to invoke the configured settings that you made before.
If you want to reboot the router using the current configuration, choose Reboot with
Current Configurations and click Reboot. To reset the router settings to default values,
click Reboot with Factory Default Configurations and click Reboot. The router will take
a period of time to reboot the system.
Open System Maintenance>> Reboot System.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Reboot with Current
Configurations
Click it to reboot the router using the current
configuration. Then, click Reboot..
Reboot with Factory
Default Configurations
Click it to reset the router settings to default values. Then,
click Reboot.
Reboot with Customized
Configurations
Click it to reboot the router using the current configuration
(only the configuration settings listed and selected below). If
you choose this option, Select Config File will be available
for you to select.
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After choosing the configuration files, click Reboot.
Reboot
Click this button to execute the rebooting job.
4.12.9 Firmware Upgrade
The following web page will guide you to upgrade firmware by using such page.
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site or FTP site. The DrayTek web site
is www.DrayTek.com (or local DrayTek's web site) and FTP site is ftp.DrayTek.com.
Click System Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade.
Available parameters are listed as follows:
Item
Description
Current Firmware
Version
Display current version of the firmware.
Select File
Use the Browse.. button to locate and select the new
firmware.
Upgrade
Click it to perform the firmware upgrade.
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4.13 Diagnostics
In some cases, a user may need to know some information about the router, such as static or
dynamic databases, or other routing information. The Vigor2960 supports five functions,
Routing Table, ARP Cache Table, DHCP Assignment Table, NAT Sessions Table and
Traffic Graph for the user to review such information.
4.13.1 Routing Table
Click Diagnostics and click Routing Table to open the web page.
Routing Table
Display the information for each route.
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Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew the web page.
Destination
Display the destination IP address for various routings.
Gateway
Display the default gateway.
Genmask
Display the subnet mask for various routings.
Flags
Display the flag of the routing entry. Possible flags include:
U (route is up)
H (target is a host)
G (use gateway)
R (reinstate route for dynamic routing)
D (dynamically installed by daemon or redirect)
M (modified from routing daemon or redirect)
A (installed by addrconf)
C (cache entry)
! (reject route)
Metric
Display the distance to the target (usually counted in hops).
It may be needed by routing daemons.
Iface
Display the direction of such route represented with
LAN/WAN profile (starting from LAN/WAN profile to
LAN/WAN profile).
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IPv6 Routing Table
Display the information for each route with IPv6 protocol.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew the web page.
Destination
Next Hop
Display the destination IP address for various routings.
Display the next hop address for such route.
Flags
Display the flag of the routing entry. Possible flags include:
U (route is up)
H (target is a host)
G (use gateway)
R (reinstate route for dynamic routing)
D (dynamically installed by daemon or redirect)
M (modified from routing daemon or redirect)
A (installed by addrconf)
C (cache entry)
! (reject route)
Metric
Display the distance to the target (usually counted in hops).
It may be needed by routing daemons.
Iface
Display the direction of such route represented with
LAN/WAN profile (starting from LAN/WAN profile to
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LAN/WAN profile).
4.13.2 ARP Cache Table
Click Diagnostics and click ARP Cache Table to view the content of the ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) cache held in the router. The table shows a mapping between an
Ethernet hardware address (MAC Address) and an IP address.
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Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew the web page.
Clear All
Remove all of the information from this page.
IP Address
Display the IP address for different ARP cache.
HW type
Display the hardware type of the address from RFC 826.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address for different ARP cache.
Flags
Each complete entry in the ARP cache will be marked with
the flag of 0x2. Permanent entries are marked with 0x4 and
published entries have the 0x8 flag.
Profile
Display the direction of such route represented with
LAN/WAN profile (starting from LAN/WAN profile to
LAN/WAN profile).
Clear
Delete the selected profile.
IPv6 Neighbor Table
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew the web page.
IP Address
Display the IPv6 address of the neighbor.
Profile
Display the interface to which this neighbor is attached.
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Item
Description
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the neighbor.
Status
Display the status for such neighbor.
INCOMPLETE - Address resolution is in progress and the
link-layer address of the neighbor has not yet been
determined.
REACHABLE - The neighbor is reachable recently (within
tens of seconds ago).
STALE-The neighbor is no longer to be reachable. Yet, until
traffic is sent to the neighbor, no attempt should be made to
verify its reachability.
DELAY - The neighbor is no longer to be reachable, and the
traffic has recently been sent to the neighbor.
Rather than probe the neighbor immediately, however, delay
sending probes for a short while in order to give upper layer
protocols a chance to provide reachability confirmation.
PROBE - The neighbor is no longer to be reachable, and
unicast Neighbor Solicitation probes are being sent to verify
reachability.
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4.13.3 DHCP Table
The facility provides information on IP address assignments. This information is helpful in
diagnosing network problems, such as IP address conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click DHCP Table to open the web page.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew the web page.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the static DHCP server.
Start Date
Display the starting date that DHCP server is activated.
Start Time
Display the starting time that DHCP server is activated.
End Date
Display the end date that DHCP server is closed.
End Time
Display the end time that DHCP server is closed.
Mac Address
Display the MAC address of the static DHCP server.
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4.13.4 NAT Session Table
This table can display about 30000 sessions with 20 pages.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Renew the web page.
Source
Display the source IP address and port of local PC.
Destination
Display the destination IP address and port of remote host.
WAN
Display the WAN interface used.
Protocol
Display the protocol of such NAT session used.
State
Display the actual state of the TCP connection.
TTL
Display how long the conntrack entry has to live.
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4.13.5 Traffic Graph
Click Diagnostics and click Traffic Graph to pen the web page. Specify LAN and WAN
profiles to display corresponding graphs for CPU, Memory, LAN and WAN configurations.
Click Refresh to renew the graph at any time.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Setup
In this page, simply specify which LAN profile and WAN
profile will be applied. The traffic graph will be drawn based
on the profiles selected.
Enable This Profile – Check this box to enable such profile.
LAN – Use the drop down menu to choose a LAN profile.
WAN –Use the drop down menu to choose a WAN profile.
Refresh - Click it to renew the web page under the Setup
tab.
Apply - Click it to save the configuration configured under
the Setup tab.
CPU
Click the CPU tab.
There are three selections provided for you to specify.
Recent 24 Hours – Display the information of CPU
operation about recent 24 hours.
Recent 7 Days – Display the information of CPU operation
about recent 7 days.
Recent 4 Weeks – Display the information of CPU
operation about recent 4 weeks.
Memory
Click the Memory tab.
There are three selections provided for you to specify.
Recent 24 Hours – Display the information of memory
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Item
Description
operation about recent 24 hours.
Recent 7 Days – Display the information of memory
operation about recent 7 days.
Recent 4 Weeks – Display the information of memory
operation about recent 4 weeks.
LAN
Click the LAN tab.
There are three selections provided for you to specify.
Network Interface – Display the information of LAN or
WAN operation.
Recent 24 Hours – Display the information of LAN
operation about recent 24 hours.
Recent 7 Days – Display the information of LAN operation
about recent 7 days.
Recent 4 Weeks – Display the information of LAN
operation about recent 4 weeks.
WAN
Click the WAN tab.
There are three selections provided for you to specify.
Network Interface – Display the information of WAN or
WAN operation.
Recent 24 Hours – Display the information of WAN
operation about recent 24 hours.
Recent 7 Days – Display the information of WAN operation
about recent 7 days.
Recent 4 Weeks – Display the information of WAN
operation about recent 4 weeks.
Below show a graphic for CPU:
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4.13.6 Web Console
Click Diagnostics and click Web Console to pen the web page for typing commands used in
console connection. A remote user can operate Vigor2960 from this web page without
installing and opening other connection utility.
4.13.7 Ping/Trace Route
This page allows you to trace the routes from router to the host. Simply type the IP address
of the host in the box and click Run. The result of route trace will be shown on the screen.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Ping / TraceRoute
Click Ping to perform ping function.
Click TraceRoute to invoke trace router function.
Host
Type the IP address of the host.
Interface
Choose one of the LAN or WAN profile to be applied by
such function.
Start
Click it to start the action of Ping or Trace Route.
Stop
Click it to terminate the action of Ping or Trace Route.
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4.13.8 Data Flow Monitor
This page displays the running procedure (such as IP address, session number, transmission
rate, receiving rate, and duration of the time block) by list or by chart for the IP address
monitored and refreshes the data in an interval of several seconds.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Dataflow
Monitor
Check this box to enable such function.
Refresh
Click it to renew the web page.
Chart
Click this button to illustrate data chart. Refer to the
following figure as an example.
Block
Prevent the specified PC accessing into Internet within 5
minutes.
UnBlock
Allow the specified PC accessing into Internet within 5
minutes.
Recent 5 Minutes/
Recent 24 Hours
Display the records with 5 minutes/24 hours recently.
Auto Refresh
Specify the interval of refresh time to obtain the latest status.
The information will update immediately when the Refresh
button is clicked.
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Item
Description
IP Address
Display the IP address of the monitored device.
TX rate (Kbps)
Display the transmission speed of the monitored device.
RX rate (Kbps)
Display the receiving speed of the monitored device.
Sessions
Display the session number that you specified in Limit
Session web page.
Block Time
Display the time for the duration of the block.
4.14 External Devices
Vigor router can be used to connect with many types of external devices. In order to control
or manage the external devices conveniently, open External Devices to make detailed
configuration.
Each item will be explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable External Devices
Check the box to detect the external device connected to
Vigor2960.
Refresh
Click it to renew the web page.
Status
Display current status (online or offline) of the device.
Model Name
Display the model name of the external product.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the external product.
Connection Time
Display the connection time that the external product
connecting to Vigor2960.
Clear
Click the icon
when it is offline.
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to remove the record of the device
After checking the box of Enable External Devices, click Refresh. Later, the basic
information of available devices will be displayed in this pag.
4.15 Product Registration
Please refer to section 2.3 Register Vigor Router for more detailed information.
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Chapter 5: Trouble Shooting
This section will guide you to solve abnormal situations if you cannot access into the Internet
after installing the router and finishing the web configuration. Please follow sections below
to check your basic installation status stage by stage.
z
z
z
z
z
Checking if the hardware status is OK or not.
Checking if the network connection settings on your computer are OK or not.
Pinging the router from your computer.
Checking if the ISP settings are OK or not.
Backing to factory default setting if necessary.
If all above stages are done and the router still cannot run normally, it is the time for you to
contact your dealer for advanced help.
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not
Follow the steps below to verify the hardware status.
1.
Check if the power line and WLAN/LAN cable connections is OK.
If not, refer to “1.3 Hardware Installation” for reconnection.
2.
Turn on the router. Make sure the ACT LED blink once per second and the
correspondent LAN LED is bright.
3.
If not, it means that there is something wrong with the hardware status. Simply back to
“1.3 Hardware Installation” to execute the hardware installation again. And then, try
again.
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5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your
Computer Is OK or Not
Sometimes the link failure occurs due to the wrong network connection settings. After trying
the above section, if the link is stilled failed, please do the steps listed below to make sure
the network connection settings is OK.
For Windows
The example is based on Windows XP. As to the examples for other operation
systems, please refer to the similar steps or find support notes in
www.draytek.com.
1.
Go to Control Panel and then double-click on Network Connections.
2.
Right-click on Local Area Connection and click on Properties.
3.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
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4.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically.
For Mac OS
1.
Double click on the current used Mac OS on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Network.
3.
On the Network screen, select Using DHCP from the drop down list of Configure
IPv4.
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5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer
The default gateway IP address of the router is 192.168.1.1. For some reason, you might
need to use “ping” command to check the link status of the router. The most important
thing is that the computer will receive a reply from 192.168.1.1. If not, please check the
IP address of your computer. We suggest you setting the network connection as get IP
automatically. (Please refer to the section 5.2)
Please follow the steps below to ping the router correctly.
For Windows
1.
Open the Command Prompt window (from Start menu> Run).
2.
Type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows NT/ 2000/XP/Vista).
The DOS command dialog will appear.
3.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “Reply from
192.168.1.1:bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255” will appear.
4.
If the line does not appear, please check the IP address setting of your computer.
For Mac OS (Terminal)
1.
Double click on the current used Mac OS on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Utilities.
3.
Double click Terminal. The Terminal window will appear.
4.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “64 bytes from
192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=xxxx ms” will appear.
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5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not
Open Online Status to check current network status. Be careful to check if the settings
coming from your ISP have been typed correctly or not.
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If there is something wrong with the configuration, please go to WAN page and choose
General Setup again to modify the WAN connection.
5.5 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary
Sometimes, a wrong connection can be improved by returning to the default settings. Try to
reset the router by software or hardware.
Warning: After pressing factory default setting, you will lose all settings you did
before. Make sure you have recorded all useful settings before you pressing. The
password of the factory default is null.
Software Reset
You can reset router to factory default via Web page.
Go to System Maintenance>> Reboot System on the web page. The following screen will
appear. Choose the selection you need and click Reboot After few seconds, the router will
return all the settings to the factory settings.
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Hardware Reset
While the router is running (ACT LED blinking), press the Factory Reset button and hold
for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED blinks rapidly, please release the
button. Then, the router will restart with the default configuration.
After restore the factory default setting, you can configure the settings for the router again to
fit your personal request.
5.6 Contacting Your Dealer
If the router settings are correct at all, and the router still does not connect to internet, please
contact your ISP technical support representative to help you for configuration.
Also, if the router still cannot work correctly, please contact your dealer for help. For any
further questions, please send e-mail to [email protected]
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