HNW300AP Man EN
HNW300AP
300Mbit Wireless Access Point
USER MANUAL
www.hamletcom.com
Dear Customer,
thanks for choosing an Hamlet product. Please carefully follow the
instructions for its use and maintenance and, once this item has run its life
span, we kindly ask You to dispose of it in an environmentally friendly way, by
putting it in the separate bins for electrical/electronic waste, or to bring it back
to your retailer who will collect it for free.
We inform You this product is manufactured with materials and components
in compliance with ROHS directives: 2002/95/CE; with RAEE Directives:
2003/96/CE, Italian Legislative Decree 2005/151 and below EEC Directives:
EN 300 328, EN 301 489-1/-17, EN 60950, EN 50385.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause
radio interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
Trademarks
All trademarks and company names mentioned in this manual are used for
description purpose only and remain property of their respective owners.
Changes
The material in this document is for information only and subject to change
without notice. While reasonable efforts have been made in the preparation of
this document to assure its accuracy, Hamlet assumes no liability resulting
from errors or omissions in this document, or from the use of the information
contained herein. Hamlet reserves the right to make changes or revisions in
the product design or the product manual without reservation and without
obligation to notify any person of such revisions and changes.
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.
INTRODUCTION .....................................................................................................................5
2.
PACKAGE CONTENTS ......................................................................................................... 5
3.
KEY FEATURES.....................................................................................................................6
4.
PRODUCT LAYOUT............................................................................................................... 7
5.
NETWORK + SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................... 8
6.
HNW300AP PLACEMENT..................................................................................................... 8
7.
SETUP LAN, WAN .................................................................................................................9
8.
PC NETWORK ADAPTER SETUP .....................................................................................10
9.
BRING UP HNW300AP........................................................................................................11
10.
SMART WIZARD ................................................................................................................11
11.
INITIAL SETUP ...................................................................................................................19
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
– STATUS........................................................................................................................ 20
– LAN............................................................................................................................. 21
– DHCP .........................................................................................................................23
– SCHEDULE ................................................................................................................... 24
– EVENT LOG .................................................................................................................. 25
– MONITOR ..................................................................................................................... 26
– LANGUAGE ................................................................................................................... 26
12.
WIZARD...............................................................................................................................27
13.
INTERNET ...........................................................................................................................28
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
14.
WIRELESS SETTINGS ......................................................................................................31
14.1
14.2
14.3
14.4
14.5
14.6
14.7
15.
– BASIC .......................................................................................................................... 31
– WDS WITH AP ROUTER .............................................................................................. 32
– ADVANCED ................................................................................................................... 33
– SECURITY .................................................................................................................... 34
– MAC ADDRESS FILTERING .......................................................................................... 38
– WI-FI PROTECTED SETUP (WPS)................................................................................ 39
– CLIENT LIST ................................................................................................................. 41
FIREWALL SETTINGS ......................................................................................................42
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
15.5
16.
- STATUS ........................................................................................................................ 28
- DYNAMIC IP .................................................................................................................. 28
- STATIC IP ..................................................................................................................... 29
- POINT-TO-POINT OVER ETHERNET PROTOCOL (PPPOE) ............................................. 29
- POINT-TO-POINT TUNNELING PROTOCOL (PPTP) ........................................................ 30
– DEMILITARIZED ZONE (DMZ) ....................................................................................... 42
– DENIAL OF SERVICE (DO S) .......................................................................................... 43
– MAC FILTER ................................................................................................................ 44
– IP FILTER .................................................................................................................... 45
– URL FILTER ................................................................................................................ 46
ADVANCED SETTINGS ....................................................................................................47
16.1
16.2
16.3
– NETWORK ADDRESS TRANSLATION (NAT)................................................................... 47
– PORT MAPPING ............................................................................................................ 47
– PORT FORWARDING (VIRTUAL SERVER) ...................................................................... 48
3
16.4
16.5
16.6
16.7
16.8
17.
TOOLS SETTINGS.............................................................................................................56
17.1
17.2
17.3
17.4
17.5
17.6
17.7
17.8
18.
– STATUS........................................................................................................................ 61
– LAN............................................................................................................................. 62
– SCHEDULE ................................................................................................................... 63
– EVENT LOG .................................................................................................................. 63
– MONITOR ..................................................................................................................... 64
– LANGUAGE ................................................................................................................... 64
– BASIC .......................................................................................................................... 65
– CLIENT LIST ................................................................................................................. 66
TOOLS.................................................................................................................................67
19.1
19.2
19.3
19.4
19.5
19.6
19.7
20.
– ADMIN .......................................................................................................................... 56
– TIME ............................................................................................................................ 57
– DDNS .........................................................................................................................58
– POWER ........................................................................................................................ 58
– DIAGNOSIS ................................................................................................................... 59
– FIRMWARE ................................................................................................................... 59
– BACK-UP ...................................................................................................................... 60
– RESET ......................................................................................................................... 60
REPEATER MODE.............................................................................................................61
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
18.5
18.6
18.7
18.8
19.
– PORT TRIGGERING (SPECIAL APPLICATIONS)............................................................... 50
– APPLICATION LAYER GATEWAY (ALG)......................................................................... 51
– UPNP.......................................................................................................................... 52
– QUALITY OF SERVICE (QO S)........................................................................................ 52
– ROUTING...................................................................................................................... 55
– ADMIN .......................................................................................................................... 67
– TIME ............................................................................................................................ 68
– POWER ........................................................................................................................ 69
– DIAGNOSIS ................................................................................................................... 69
– FIRMWARE ................................................................................................................... 69
– BACK-UP ...................................................................................................................... 70
– RESET ......................................................................................................................... 71
APPENDIX A – FCC STATEMENT ..................................................................................72
4
1. Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of HNW300AP Wireless Network Broadband
Router. HNW300AP is compliant with draft 802.11n v 2.0 up to 6 times faster than
standard 802.11g based routers while still being compatible with 802.11g & 802.11b
gadgets. HNW300AP is not only a Wireless Access Point, but also doubles as a 4port full-duplex Gigabit Switch that connects your wired-Ethernet devices together at
incredible speeds.
At 300 Mbps wireless transmission rate, Access Point built into the Router uses
advanced MIMO (Multi-Input, Multi-Output) technology to transmit multiple steams of
data in a single wireless channel giving you seamless access to multimedia content.
Robust RF signal travels farther, eliminates dead spots and extends network range.
For data protection and privacy, HNW300AP encodes all wireless transmissions with
WEP, WPA, and WPA2 encryption.
With inbuilt DHCP Server & powerful SPI firewall HNW300AP protects your
computers against intruders and most known Internet attacks but provides safe VPN
pass-through. With incredible speed and QoS function of 802.11n, (draft2.0)
HNW300AP is ideal for media-centric applications like streaming video, gaming, and
VoIP telephony to run multiple media-intense data streams through the network at
the same time, with no degradation in performance.
2. Package Contents
Open the package carefully, and make sure that none of the items listed below
are missing. Do not discard the packing materials, in case of return the unit must be
shipped back in its original package.
Wireless Access Point 802.11n
Power adapter 100V~240V
2x 2.4GHz Antennas 2dBi
Quick installation guide
CD (User’s Manual)
5
3. Key Features
Features
Advantages
Incredible Data Rate up to 300Mbps *
Heavy data payloads such as MPEG
video streaming
IEEE 802.11n Compliant and
backward compatible with 802.11b/g
Fully Interoperable with IEEE
802.11b / IEEE802.11g compliant
devices with legacy protection
Four 10/100 Mbps Fast Switch Ports
(Auto-Crossover)
Scalability, extend your network
Firewall supports Virtual Server
Mapping, DMZ, IP Filter, ICMP
Blocking, SPI
Avoids the attacks of Hackers or
Viruses from Internet
Support 802.1x Authenticator, 802.11i
(WPA/WPA2, AES), VPN passthrough
Provide mutual authentication (Client
and dynamic encryption keys to
enhance security
WDS (Wireless Distribution System)
Make wireless AP and Bridge mode
simultaneously as a wireless repeater
* Theoretical wireless signal rate based on IEEE standard of 802.11a, b, g, n chipset used. Actual
throughput may vary. Network conditions and environmental factors lower actual throughput rate. All
specifications are subject to change without notice.
6
4. Product Layout
FRONT PANEL
LED
DESCRIPTION
WPS button
Click this button to start WPS function
POWER
Lights up when powered ON. Blinks on
TEST/RESET
WLAN
Lights up in ORANGE when WLAN is
enabled. Blinks on traffic
Internet
Lights up when there is a connection
through the Internet (WAN) port
LAN 1 ~ 4
Blinks on traffic for specific LAN PORT
BACK PANEL
CONNECTORS
DESCRIPTION
DC IN
Power connector, connects to DC 12V
Power Adapter
LAN1 ~ 4
Local Area Network (LAN) ports 1 to 4
INTERNET
Wide Area Network (WAN) port
Reset
Click this button to restart the system, or
press and hold for 10 seconds to restart
the system
7
5. Network + System Requirements
To begin using the HNW300AP, make sure you meet the following as minimum
requirements:
Desktop or Notebook computer
Microsoft Windows 98SE/ME/XP/2000/VISTA operting system
1 free Ethernet port
External ADSL modem with an Ethernet port (RJ-45)
Web Browser (Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox, etc.)
Few Ethernet compatible CAT5 cables
6. HNW300AP Placement
You can place HNW300AP on a desk or other flat surface, or you can mount it on
a wall. For optimal performance, place your Wireless Broadband Router in the center
of your office (or your home) in a location that is away from any potential source of
interference, such as a metal wall or microwave oven. This location must be close to
a power connection and your ADSL/Cable modem. If the antennas are not positioned
correctly, performance loss can occur.
8
7. Setup LAN, WAN
LAN connection
Connect Ethernet cable between your PC/Notebook LAN port & one of the 4
available LAN ports on HNW300AP.
WAN connection
Connect Ethernet cable between WAN ports of your ADSL/CABLE modem &
INTERNET port of HNW300AP. Make sure your ADSL/CABLE modem is working
well. Contact your ISP if you have any questions.
9
8. PC Network Adapter setup
•
Enter [Start Menu] select [Control panel] select [Network].
•
Select [Local Area Connection]) icon=>select [properties]
•
Select [Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)] =>Click [Properties].
•
Select the [General] tab.
•
HNW300AP supports [DHCP] function, please select both [Obtain an IP address
automatically] and [Obtain DNS server address automatically].
10
9. Bring up HNW300AP
Connect the supplied power-adapter to the power inlet port and connect it to a
wall outlet. Then, HNW300AP automatically enters the self-test phase. During selftest phase, Power LED will blink briefly, and then will be lit continuously to indicate
that this product is in normal operation.
10. Smart Wizard
Before running Smar Wizard, please make sure of below conditions.
Internet connection should be setup & ready to use (ADSL modem)
Modem must provide RJ45 port to connect with HNW300AP
Windows compatible PC/Notebook with UPnP enabled network adapter
CAT 5 network cable(s), RJ45 port on PC/Notebook
1. Connect HNW300AP WAN port & your modem WAN port with RJ45 cable
2. Power up HNW300AP.POWER led on front panel lights up & remains
stable
3. Connect HNW300AP LAN port & PC/Notebook RJ45 port with network
cable
Now click on this icon to run Smart Wizard.
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Click Setup Wizard to setup your HNW300AP router.
Click User Manual to launch smart wizard user manual.
Click Adobe Reader to setup Adobe Acrobat reader on your PC/Notebook. Click
EXIT anytime you want to abort.
Click Next to proceed. Click Exit to abort.
12
HNW300AP should be setup as depicted above.
Make sure your DSL/CABLE modem is setup and working. Else take the help of
your internet service provider.
Click Next to proceed.
13
Check the MODEM and HNW300AP connection. It should be as shown below.
Check power connection for modem as well as HNW300AP.
Make sure antenna is connected to rear panel of HNW300AP.
Click Next to proceed.
Notice the LED that should be light up at this stage. If not, check your procedures
again.
14
Click Next to configure WAN & Wireless settings.
User name and password are admin/admin. Click OK.
Your default browser will connect to HNW300AP Web Server at http://192.168.1.1.
15
Click Next to enter mode selection.
Select the mode that HNW300AP is going to be and set its configurations. AP
Repeater mode does not enable WAN interface, Setup Wizard will skip WAN
Configuration.
Click Next to automatically detect your Internet Network settings.
16
Smart Wizard has detected DHCP client. Configure the host name and MAC address
of your ADSL modem. Click Next to proceed.
Smart Wizard has finished setting up WAN Configuration. Click Next to proceed.
Enter the name for your wireless network (SSID) and security key
Click Next to proceed
17
To apply the entire configuration, click Reboot.
NOTE
After Wireless settings are applied, you need to connect from your WLAN
client with the security settings you just finished configuring. Remember the
type of security & security key.
18
11. Initial Setup
HNW300AP uses web-interface for configuration to be accessed through your web
browser, such as Internet Explorer or Netscape Communicator.
LOGIN Procedure
1. OPEN
your
browser
(e.g.
Internet
Explorer).
2. Type http://192.168.1.1 in address bar
and hit [Enter] button on your keyboard.
3. Click OK to navigate into HNW300AP
configuration home page.
4. You
will
see
the
home
page
of
HNW300AP as follows.
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11.1 – Status
This page allows you to monitor the current status of your router. You can use the
status page to quickly see if you have any updated firmware available (bug fixes,
updates). You can navigate from this page with a few interesting options for
reminding or skipping this page forever & so forth.
Once you click on OK button to go to the requested page, you can see the status
page of the HNW300AP.
System: You can see the UP time, hardware information, serial number as well as
firmware version information.
WAN Settings: This section displays whether the WAN port is connected to a
Cable/DSL connection. It also displays the router’s WAN IP address, Subnet Mask,
and ISP Gateway as well as MAC address, the Primary DNS. Press <Renew>
button to renew your WAN IP address.
20
LAN Settings: This section displays the Broadband router LAN port’s current LAN &
WLAN information. It also shows whether the DHCP Server function is enabled /
disabled.
WLAN Settings: This section displays the current WLAN configuration settings
you’ve configured in the Wizard / Basic Settings / Wireless Settings section. Wireless
configuration details such as SSID, Security settings, BSSID, Channel number,
mode of operation are briefly shown.
11.2 – LAN
The LAN Tabs reveals LAN settings which can be altered at will. If you are an
entry level user, try accessing a website from your browser. If you can access
website without a glitch, just do not change any of these settings.
Click Apply at the bottom of this screen to save the changed configurations.
21
LAN IP
IP address: 192.168.1.1. It is the router’s LAN IP address (Your LAN clients default
gateway IP address). It can be changed based on your own choice.
IP Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN segment.
802.1d Spanning Tree: This is disabled by default. If 802.1d Spanning Tree function
is enabled, this router will use the spanning tree protocol to prevent network loops.
DHCP Server
DHCP Server: This will enable or disable the Dynamic Pool setting..
Lease time: This is the lease time of each assigned IP address.
Start IP: This will be the beginning of the pool of IP addresses available for client
devices.
End IP: This will be the end of the pool of IP addresses available for client devices.
Domain name: The Domain Name for the existing or customized network.
22
11.3 – DHCP
View the current LAN clients which are assigned with an IP Address by the
DHCP-server. This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently connected to
your network. The table shows the assigned IP address, MAC address and
expiration time for each DHCP leased client. Use the Refresh button to update the
available information. Hit Refresh to get the updated table.
You can check “Enable Static DHCP IP“. It is possible to add more static DHCP
IPs. They are listed in the table “Current Static DHCP Table“. IP address can be
deleted at will from the table.
Click Apply button to save the changed configuration.
23
11.4 – Schedule
This page allows user to set up schedule function for Firewall and Power Saving.
Add schedule, edit schedule options to allow configuration of firewall and power
savings services. Fill in the schedule and select type of service. Click Apply to
implement those settings.
24
The schedule table lists the pre-schedule service-runs. You can select any of
them using the check box.
11.5 – Event Log
View operation event log. This page shows the current system log of the
Broadband router. It displays any event occurred after system start up. At the bottom
of the page, the system log can be saved Save to a local file for further processing or
the system log can be cleared Clear or it can be refreshed Refresh to get the most
updated information. When the system is powered down, the system log will
disappear if not saved to a local file.
25
11.6 – Monitor
Show histogram for network connection on WAN, LAN & WLAN. Auto refresh
keeps information updated frequently.
11.7 – Language
This Wireless Router support multiple language of web pages, You could select your
native language here.
26
12. Wizard
Click Wizard to configure the Broadband Router. Setup wizard will now be
displayed; check that the modem is connected and click Next. For details please
refer to Smart Wizard section of this manual.
27
13. INTERNET
13.1 – Status
This page shows the current Internet connection type and status
13.2 – Dynamic IP
Use the MAC address when registering for Internet service, and do not change it
unless required by your ISP. If your ISP used the MAC address of the Ethernet
card as an identifier, connect only the PC with the registered MAC address to the
broadband router and click the <Clone MAC Address> button. This will replace
the current MAC address with the already registered Ethernet card MAC address
Host Name: This is optional.
MAC address: The default value is set to the WAN’s physical interface of the
broadband router.
28
13.3 – Static IP
If your ISP Provider has assigned a fixed IP address, enter the assigned IP
address, Subnet mask, Default Gateway IP address, and Primary DNS of your ISP
provider.
13.4 – Point-to-Point over Ethernet Protocol (PPPoE)
Login / Password: Enter the PPPoE username and password assigned by your
ISP Provider.
Service Name: This is normally optional.
Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU): This is the maximum size of the packets.
29
Type: Enable the Auto-reconnect option to automatically re-establish the
connection when an application attempts to access the Internet again.
Idle Timeout: This is a maximum period of time for which the Internet
connection is maintained during inactivity. If the connection is inactive for
longer than the Maximum Idle Time, it will be dropped.
13.5 – Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP)
PPTP allows the secure connection over the Internet by simply dialing in a local
point provided by your ISP provider. The following screen allows client PCs to
establish a normal PPTP session and provides hassle-free configuration of the
PPTP client on each client PC.
Click <Apply> to save configuration and connect to ISP provider.
30
14. Wireless Settings
14.1 – Basic
In basic setting page, you can set wireless Radio, Mode, Band, SSID, and
Channel.
Radio: You can turn on/off wireless radio. If wireless Radio is off, you cannot
associate with AP through wireless.
Mode: In this device, we support three operation modes which are AP router, AP
route with WDS (we will introduce this function later section), and repeater. If you
choose AP Router Mode, you can select AP or WDS function in the drop-down menu.
Band: You can select the wireless standards running on your network environment.
2.4 GHz(B): If all your clients are 802.11b, select this one.
2.4 GHz(N): If all your clients are 802.11n, select this one.
2.4 GHz(B+G): Either an 802.11b or an 802.11g wireless devices are in your
environment.
2.4 GHz(G): If all your clients are 802.11g, select this one.
2.4 GHz(B+G+N): Either 802.11b, 802.11g, or 802.11n wireless devices are
in your environment.
Enable ESSID: We support 4 multiple SSIDs in this device. Please select how many
SSIDs you would like to use in your network environment.
31
ESSID1~4: ESSID is the name of your wireless network. It might be a unique name
to identify this wireless device in the Wireless LAN. It is case sensitive and up to 32
printable characters. You might change the default ESSID for added security.
Auto Channel: Device will search all valid channels, then decide a most clean
channel and change to this channel if you enable this function. Depend on this
function enable or not, you will see different item below Auto Channel.
Channel: If Auto Channel is disabled, you should choose a static channel and AP
will use this channel to communicate with other clients.
Check Channel Time: If Auto Channel is enabled, you can choose a period from the
drop-down menu. AP will change to a clean channel periodically.
14.2 – WDS with AP Router
Wireless Distribution System, a system that enables the wireless interconnection
of access point, allows a wireless network to be expended using multiple access
points without a wired backbone to like them. Each WDS APs need setting as same
channel and encryption type.
MAC address 1~4: Please enter the MAC address of the neighboring APs that
participates in WDS, we support 4 devices now.
Set Security: WDS Security depends on your AP security settings. Note: it does not
support mixed mode such as WPA-PSK/WPA2-PSK Mixed mode.
32
14.3 – Advanced
This tab allows you to set the advanced wireless options. The options included
are Authentication Type, Fragment Threshold, RTS Threshold, Beacon Interval, and
Preamble Type. You should not change these parameters unless you know what
effect the changes will have on the router.
Fragment Threshold: This specifies the maximum size of a packet during the
fragmentation of data to be transmitted. If you set this value too low, it will result in
bad performance.
RTS Threshold: When the packet size is smaller than the RTS threshold, the
wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet.
Beacon Interval: is the interval of time that this wireless router broadcasts a beacon.
A Beacon is used to synchronize the wireless network.
DTIM Period: Enter a value between 1 and 255 for the Delivery Traffic Indication
Message (DTIM). A DTIM is a countdown informing clients of the next window for
listening to broadcast and multicast messages
Data Rate: The “Data Rate” is the rate that this access point uses to transmit data
packets. The access point will use the highest possible selected transmission rate to
transmit the data packets.
33
N Data Rate: The “Data Rate” is the rate that this access point uses to transmit data
packets for N compliant wireless nodes. Highest to lowest data rate can be fixed.
Channel Bandwidth: This is the range of frequencies that will be used.
Preamble Type: The “Long Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN compatibility
while the “Short Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN performance.
CTS Protection: It is recommended to enable the protection mechanism. This
mechanism can decrease the rate of data collision between 802.11b and 802.11g
wireless stations. When the protection mode is enabled, the throughput of the AP will
be a little lower due to a lot of frame-network that is transmitted.
TX Power: This can be set to a bare minimum or maximum power.
14.4 – Security
This Access Point provides complete wireless LAN security functions, included
are WEP, IEEE 802.1x, IEEE 802.1x with WEP, WPA with pre-shared key and WPA
with RADIUS. With these security functions, you can prevent your wireless LAN from
illegal access. Please make sure your wireless stations use the same security
function, and are setup with the same security key.
ESSID Selection: This broadband router support multiple ESSID, you could select
and set up the wanted ESSID.
Broadcast ESSID: If you enabled “Broadcast ESSID”, every wireless station located
within the coverage of this access point can discover this access point easily. If you
34
are building a public wireless network, enabling this feature is recommended.
Disabling “Broadcast ESSID” can provide better security.
WMM: Wi-Fi MultiMedia if enabled supports QoS for experiencing better audio, video
and voice in applications.
Encryption: When you choose to disable encryption, it is very insecure to operate
HNW300AP.
Enable 802.1x Authentication
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to
login to this Access Point before accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is
processed by a RADIUS server. This mode only authenticates users by IEEE 802.1x,
but it does not encrypt the data during communication.
35
WEP Encryption
When you select 64-bit or 128-bit WEP key, you have to enter WEP keys to encrypt
data. You can generate the key by yourself and enter it. You can enter four WEP
keys and select one of them as a default key. Then the router can receive any
packets encrypted by one of the four keys.
Authentication Type: There are two authentication types: "Open System" and
"Shared Key". When you select "Open System", wireless stations can associate
with this wireless router without WEP encryption. When you select "Shared Key",
you should also setup a WEP key in the "Encryption" page. After this has been
done, make sure the wireless clients that you want to connect to the device are also
setup with the same encryption key.
Key Length: You can select the WEP key length for encryption, 64-bit or 128-bit.
The larger the key will be the higher level of security is used, but the throughput will
be lower.
Key Type: You may select ASCII Characters (alphanumeric format) or Hexadecimal
Digits (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) to be the WEP Key.
36
Key1 - Key4: The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless
network. Use the following rules to setup a WEP key on the device. 64-bit WEP:
input 10-digits Hex values (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 5-digit ASCII
character as the encryption keys.
128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 13-digit
ASCII characters as the encryption keys.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can
now configure other sections by choosing Continue, or choose Apply to apply the
settings and reboot the device.
WPA Pre-Shared Key Encryption
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use a preshared key to authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data during communication.
It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently. So the
encryption key is not easy to be cracked by hackers. This is the best security
available.
WPA-Radius Encryption
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use an
external RADIUS server to authenticate wireless stations and provide the session
key to encrypt data during communication.
37
It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently. Press Apply
button when you are done.
14.5 – MAC Address Filtering
This wireless router supports MAC Address Control, which prevents unauthorized
clients from accessing your wireless network.
Enable Wireless Access Control: Enable the wireless access control function
38
Adding an address into the list
Enter the "MAC Address" and "Comment" of the wireless station to be added and
then click Add. The wireless station will now be added into the "Current Access
Control List" below. If you are having any difficulties filling in the fields, just click
"Clear" and both "MAC Address" and "Comment" fields will be cleared.
Remove an address from the list
If you want to remove a MAC address from the "Current Access Control List ", select
the MAC address that you want to remove in the list and then click "Delete Selected".
If you want to remove all the MAC addresses from the list, just click the Delete All
button. Click Reset will clear your current selections.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
14.6 – Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
WPS is the simplest way to establish a connection between the wireless clients
and the wireless router. You don’t have to select the encryption mode and fill in a
long encryption passphrase every time when you try to setup a wireless connection.
You only need to press a button on both wireless client and wireless router, and the
WPS will do the rest for you.
The wireless router supports two types of WPS: WPS via Push Button and WPS
via PIN code. If you want to use the Push Button, you have to push a specific button
on the wireless client or in the utility of the wireless client to start the WPS mode, and
switch the wireless router to WPS mode. You can simply push the WPS button of the
wireless router, or click the ‘Start to Process’ button in the web configuration
interface. If you want to use the PIN code, you have to know the PIN code of the
wireless client and switch it to WPS mode, then fill-in the PIN code of the wireless
client through the web configuration interface of the wireless router.
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WPS: Check the box to enable WPS function and uncheck it to disable the WPS
function.
WPS Current Status: If the wireless security (encryption) function of this wireless
router is properly set, you’ll see a ‘Configured’ message here. Otherwise, you’ll see
‘UnConfigured’.
Self Pin Code: This is the WPS PIN code of the wireless router. You may need this
information when connecting to other WPS-enabled wireless devices.
SSID: This is the network broadcast name (SSID) of the router.
Authentication Mode: It shows the active authentication mode for the wireless
connection.
Passphrase Key: It shows the passphrase key that is randomly generated by the
wireless router during the WPS process. You may need this information when using
a device which doesn’t support WPS.
Interface: If device is set to repeater mode, you can choose “Client” interface to
connect with other AP by using WPS, otherwise you may choose “AP” interface to
do WPS with other clients.
WPS via Push Button: Press the button to start the WPS process. The router will
wait for the WPS request from the wireless devices within 2 minutes.
WPS via PIN: You can fill-in the PIN code of the wireless device and press the
button to start the WPS process. The router will wait for the WPS request from the
wireless device within 2 minutes.
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14.7 – Client List
This WLAN Client Table shows the Wireless client associate to this Wireless
Router.
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15. Firewall Settings
The Broadband router provides extensive firewall protection by restricting
connection parameters, thus limiting the risk of hacker attacks, and defending
against a wide array of common Internet attacks. However, for applications that
require unrestricted access to the Internet, you can configure a specific client/server
as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
Note: To enable the Firewall settings select Enable and click Apply
15.1 – Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e.g. Games)
properly from behind the NAT firewall, then you can open up the firewall restrictions
to unrestricted two-way Internet access by defining a DMZ Host. The DMZ function
allows you to re-direct all packets going to your WAN port IP address to a particular
IP address in your LAN.
The difference between the virtual server and the DMZ function is that the virtual
server re-directs a particular service/Internet application (e.g. FTP, websites) to a
particular LAN client/server, whereas DMZ re-directs all packets (regardless of
services) going to your WAN IP address to a particular LAN client/server.
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Enable DMZ: Enable/disable DMZ
LAN IP Address: Fill-in the IP address of a particular host in your LAN Network that
will receive all the packets originally going to the WAN port/Public IP address above.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
15.2 – Denial of Service (DoS)
The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks, including
Denial of Service, Ping of Death, Port Scan and Sync Flood. If Internet attacks occur
the router can log the events.
Ping of Death: Protections from Ping of Death attack.
Discard Ping From WAN: The router’s WAN port will not respond to any Ping
requests
Port Scan: Protects the router from Port Scans.
Sync Flood: Protects the router from Sync Flood attack.
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15.3 – MAC Filter
If you want to restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications / services
(e.g. Internet websites, email, FTP etc.), and then this is the place to set that
configuration. Access Control allows users to define the traffic type permitted in your
LAN. You can control which PC client can have access to these services.
Enable MAC Filtering: Check to enable or disable MAC Filtering.
Deny: If you select “Deny” then all clients will be allowed to access Internet accept
for the clients in the list below.
Allow: If you select “Allow” then all clients will be denied to access Internet accept
for the PCs in the list below.
Add PC MAC Address
Fill in “LAN MAC Address” and Description of the PC that is allowed to access the
Internet, and then click Add. If you find any typo before adding it and want to retype
again, just click Reset and the fields will be cleared.
Remove PC MAC Address
If you want to remove some PC from the "MAC Filtering Table", select the PC you
want to remove in the table and then click Delete Selected. If you want to remove all
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PCs from the table, just click the Delete All button. If you want to clear the selection
and re-select again, just click Reset.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
15.4 – IP Filter
Enable IP Filtering: Check to enable or disable IP Filtering.
Deny: If you select “Deny” then all clients will be allowed to access Internet accept
for the clients in the list below.
Allow: If you select “Allow” then all clients will be denied to access Internet accept
for the PCs in the list below.
Add PC IP Address
You can click Add PC to add an access control rule for users by an IP address or IP
address range.
Remove PC IP Address
If you want to remove some PC IP from the IP Filtering Table, select the PC you
want to remove in the table and then click Delete Selected. If you want to remove all
PCs from the table, just click the Delete All button.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
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15.5 – URL Filter
You can block access to some Web sites from particular PCs by entering a full
URL address or just keywords of the Web site.
Enable URL Blocking: Enable or disable URL Blocking
Add URL Keyword
Fill in “URL/Keyword” and then click Add. You can enter the full URL address or the
keyword of the web site you want to block. If you happen to make a mistake and
want to retype again, just click "Reset" and the field will be cleared.
Remove URL Keyword
If you want to remove some URL keywords from the "Current URL Blocking Table",
select the URL keyword you want to remove in the table and then click Delete
Selected.
If you want remove all URL keywords from the table, click Delete All button. If you
want to clear the selection and re-select again, just click Reset.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations
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16. Advanced Settings
16.1 – Network Address Translation (NAT)
Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users at your local site to
access the Internet through a single Public IP Address or multiple Public IP
Addresses. NAT provides Firewall protection from hacker attacks and has the
flexibility to allow you to map Private IP Addresses to Public IP Addresses for key
services such as Websites and FTP. Select Disable to disable the NAT function.
16.2 – Port Mapping
Port Mapping allows you to re-direct a particular range of service port numbers
(from the Internet / WAN Port) to a particular LAN IP address. It helps you to host
servers behind the router NAT firewall.
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Enable Port Mapping: Enable or disable port mapping function.
Description: description of this setting.
Local IP: This is the local IP of the server behind the NAT firewall.
Type: This is the protocol type to be forwarded. You can choose to forward “TCP” or
“UDP” packets only, or select “BOTH” to forward both “TCP” and “UDP” packets.
Port Range: The range of ports to be forward to the private IP.
Add Port Mapping
Fill in the "Local IP", “Type”, “Port Range” and "Description" of the setting to be
added and then click "Add". Then this Port Mapping setting will be added into the
"Current Port Mapping Table" below. If you find any typo before adding it and want
to retype again, just click Clear and the fields will be cleared.
Remove Port Mapping
If you want to remove a Port Mapping setting from the "Current Port Mapping
Table", select the Port Mapping setting that you want to remove in the table and then
click Delete Selected. If you want to remove all Port Mapping settings from the table,
click Delete All button. Click Reset will clear your current selections.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
16.3 – Port Forwarding (Virtual Server)
Use the Port Forwarding (Virtual Server) function when you want different
servers/clients in your LAN to handle different service/Internet application type (e.g.
Email, FTP, Web server etc.) from the Internet. Computers use numbers called port
numbers to recognize a particular service/Internet application type. The Virtual
Server allows you to re-direct a particular service port number (from the
Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN private IP address and its service port
number. (See Glossary for an explanation on Port number).
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Enable Port Forwarding: Enable or disable Port Forwarding.
Description: The description of this setting.
Local IP / Local Port: This is the LAN Client/Host IP address and Port number that
the Public Port number packet will be sent to.
Type: Select the port number protocol type (TCP, UDP or both). If you are unsure,
then leave it to the default “both” setting. Public Port enters the service
(service/Internet application) port number from the Internet that will be re-directed to
the above Private IP address host in your LAN Network.
Public Port: Port number will be changed to Local Port when the packet enters your
LAN Network.
Add Port Forwarding
Fill in the "Description" , "Local IP", "Local Port", "Type" and “Public Port” of the
setting to be added and then click <Add> button. Then this Virtual Server setting will
be added into the "Current Port Forwarding Table" below. If you find any typo
before adding it and want to retype again, just click <Clear> and the fields will be
cleared.
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Remove Port Forwarding
If you want to remove Port Forwarding settings from the "Current Port Forwarding
Table", select the Port Forwarding settings you want to remove in the table and then
click "Delete Selected". If you want to remove all Port Forwarding settings from the
table, just click the Delete All button. Click Reset will clear your current selections.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
16.4 – Port Triggering (Special Applications)
Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet games, video
Conferencing, Internet telephony and others. In this section you can configure the
router to support multiple connections for these types of applications.
Enable Trigger Port: Enable or disable the Port Trigger function.
Trigger Port: This is the outgoing (Outbound) range of port numbers for this
particular application.
Trigger Type: Select whether the outbound port protocol is “TCP”, “UDP” or
“BOTH”.
Public Port: Enter the In-coming (Inbound) port or port range for this type of
application (e.g. 2300-2400, 47624)
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Public Type: Select the Inbound port protocol type: “TCP”, “UDP” or “BOTH”
Popular Applications: This section lists the more popular applications that require
multiple connections. Select an application from the Popular Applications selection.
Once you have selected an application, select a location (1-10) in the Copy to
selection box and then click the Copy to button. This will automatically list the Public
Ports required for this popular application in the location (1-10) you specified.
Add Port Triggering
Fill in the "Trigger Port", "Trigger Type”, “Public Port”, "Public Type", "Public
Port" and "Description" of the setting to be added and then Click <Add>. The Port
Triggering setting will be added into the "Current Trigger-Port Table" below. If you
happen to make a mistake, just click <Clear> and the fields will be cleared.
Remove Port Triggering
If you want to remove Special Application settings from the "Current Trigger-Port
Table", select the Port Triggering settings you want to remove in the table and then
click <Delete Selected>. If you want remove all Port Triggering settings from the
table, just click the <Delete All> button. Click <Reset> will clear your current
selections.
16.5 – Application Layer Gateway (ALG)
You can select applications that need ALG support. The router will let the selected
application to correctly pass through the NAT gateway.
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16.6 – UPNP
With UPnP, all PCs in you Intranet will discover this router automatically. So, you
don’t have to configure your PC and it can easily access the Internet through this
router.
Enable/Disable UPnP: You can enable or Disable the UPnP feature here. After you
enable the UPnP feature, all client systems that support UPnP, like Windows XP,
can discover this router automatically and access the Internet through this router
without having to configure anything. The NAT Traversal function provided by UPnP
can let applications that support UPnP connect to the internet without having to
configure the virtual server sections.
16.7 – Quality of Service (QoS)
QoS can let you classify Internet application traffic by source/destination IP
address and port number. You can assign priority for each type of application and
reserve bandwidth for it. The packets of applications with higher priority will always
go first. Lower priority applications will get bandwidth after higher priority applications
get enough bandwidth. This can let you have a better experience in using critical real
time services like Internet phone, video conference …etc.
All the applications not specified by you are classified as rule “Others”. The rule
with a smaller priority number has a higher priority; the rule with a larger priority
number has a lower priority. You can adjust the priority of the rules by moving them
up or down.
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Application-based Qos
This is the application based QoS control method. You can reserve or limit the
bandwidth of some LAN IP address and port number. They will guarantee the
throughput in WAN connection.
Priority Queue Type:
This can put the packets of specific protocols in High/Low Queue. The packets in
High Queue will process first.
Unlimited Priority Queue: The LAN IP address will not be bounded in the QoS
limitation.
High/Low Priority Queue: This can put the packets in the protocol and port range to
High/Low QoS Queue.
Bandwidth Allocation:
This can reserve / limit the throughput of specific protocols and port range. You can
set the upper bound and Lower bound.
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Type: Specify the direction of packets. Upload or download.
IP range: Specify the IP address range. You could also fill one IP address
Protocol: Specify the packet type. The default ALL will put all packets in the QoS
priority Queue.
Port range: Specify the Port range. You could also fill one Port.
Policy: Specify the policy the QoS, Min option will reserve the selected data rate in
QoS queue. Max option will limit the selected data rate in QoS queue.
Rate: The data rate of QoS queue.
Disabled: This could turn off QoS feature.
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16.8 – Routing
You can set enable Static Routing to let the router forward packets by your routing
policy.
Destination LAN IP: Specify the destination LAN IP address of static routing rule.
Subnet Mask: Specify the Subnet Mask of static routing rule.
Default Gateway: Specify the default gateway of static routing rule.
Hops: Specify the Max Hops number of static routing rule.
Interface: Specify the Interface of static routing rule.
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17. TOOLS Settings
17.1 – Admin
You can change the password required to log into the broadband router's system
web-based management. By default, the password is: admin. Passwords can contain
0 to 12 alphanumeric characters, and are case sensitive.
Current Password: Fill in the current password to allow changing to a new
password.
New Password: Enter your new password and type it again in Repeat New
Password for verification purposes
Remote management
This allows you to designate a host in the Internet the ability to configure the
Broadband router from a remote site. Enter the designated host IP Address in the
Host IP Address field.
Host Address: This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have
management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a remote site. If the
Host Address is left 0.0.0.0 this means anyone can access the router’s web-based
configuration from a remote location, providing they know the password.
Port: The port number of the remote management web interface.
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Enabled: Check to enable the remote management function.
Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
17.2 – Time
The Time Zone allows your router to reference or base its time on the settings
configured here, which will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.
Time Zone: Select the time zone of the country you are currently in. The router will
set its time based on your selection.
NTP Time Server: The router can set up external NTP Time Server.
Daylight Savings: The router can also take Daylight Savings into account. If you
wish to use this function, you must select the Daylight Savings Time period and
check/tick the enable box to enable your daylight saving configuration.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
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17.3 – DDNS
DDNS allows you to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. You
must get an account, password and your static domain name from the DDNS service
providers. This router supports DynDNS, TZO and other common DDNS service
providers.
Enable/Disable DDNS: Enable or disable the DDNS function of this router
Server Address: Select a DDNS service provider
Host Name: Fill in your static domain name that uses DDNS.
Username: The account that your DDNS service provider assigned to you.
Password: The password you set for the DDNS service account above
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
17.4 – Power
Saving power in WLAN/Ethernet mode can be enabled/disabled in this page.
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17.5 – Diagnosis
This page could let you diagnosis your current network status.
17.6 – Firmware
This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware. To upgrade the firmware
of your Broadband router, you need to download the firmware file to your local hard
disk, and enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this page. You can
also use the Browse button to find the firmware file on your PC.
Once you’ve selected the new firmware file, click Apply at the bottom of the screen
to start the upgrade process
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17.7 – Back-up
This page allows you to save the current router configurations. When you save
the configurations, you also can re-load the saved configurations into the router
through the Restore Settings. If extreme problems occur you can use the Restore
to Factory Defaults to set all configurations to its original default settings.
Backup Settings: This can save the Broadband router current configuration to a file
named "config.bin" on your PC. You can also use the Upload button to restore the
saved configuration to the Broadband router. Alternatively, you can use the "Restore
to Factory Defaults" tool to force the Broadband router to perform a power reset
and restore the original factory settings.
17.8 – Reset
You can reset the broadband router when system stops responding correctly or
stop functions.
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18. Repeater Mode
Repeater mode has limited settings compared to the AP mode. Choose “Repeater
mode” on the top right corner of the configuration page.
System restarts and connects to the IP address http://192.168.1.1
You will see the configuration homepage under “Repeater Mode” now.
18.1 – Status
System status section allows you to monitor the current status of your router. You
can use the status page to quickly see if you have any updated firmware available
(bug fixes, updates). You can navigate from this page with a few interesting options
for reminding or skipping this page forever & so forth.
Once you click on OK button to go to the requested page, you can see the status
page of the HNW300AP.
You can see the UP time, hardware information, serial number as well as
firmware version information.
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LAN Settings: This page displays the Broadband router LAN port’s current LAN &
WLAN information. It also shows whether the DHCP Server function is enabled /
disabled. Wireless configuration details such as SSID, Security settings, BSSID,
Channel number, mode of operation are briefly shown.
WLAN Settings: View Broadband router’s current configuration settings. Device
Status displays the configuration settings you’ve configured in the Wizard / Basic
Settings / Wireless Settings section
18.2 – LAN
The LAN Tabs reveals LAN settings which can be altered at will. If you are an
entry level user, try accessing a website from your browser. If you can access
website without a glitch, just do not change any of these settings.
Click Apply at the bottom of this screen to save the changed configurations.
IP address: It is the router’s LAN IP address (Your LAN clients default gateway IP
address). It can be changed based on your own choice.
IP Subnet Mask: Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN segment.
802.1d Spanning Tree: This is disabled by default. If 802.1d Spanning Tree function
is enabled, this router will use the spanning tree protocol to prevent network loops.
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18.3 – Schedule
Add schedule, edit schedule options allow configuration of power savings
services. Fill in the schedule and select type of service. Click <Apply> to implement
the settings.
The schedule table lists the pre-schedule service-runs. You can select any of them
using the check box.
18.4 – Event Log
View operation log of HNW300AP. This page shows the current system log of the
Broadband router. It displays any event occurred after system start up. At the bottom
of the page, the system log can be saved Save to a local file for further processing or
the system log can be cleared Clear or it can be refreshed Refresh to get the most
updated information. When the system is powered down, the system log will
disappear if not saved to a local file.
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18.5 – Monitor
Show the network packets histogram for network connection on WAN, LAN &
WLAN. Auto refresh keeps information updated frequently.
18.6 – Language
This Wireless Router support multiple language of web pages, you could select
your native language here.
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18.7 – Basic
You can set parameters that are used for the wireless stations to connect to this
router. The parameters include Mode, ESSID, Channel Number and Associated
Client.
Radio: Enable or Disable Wireless function.
Mode: the current operating mode of the router.
Band: Allows you to set the AP fixed at 802.11b, 802.11g or 802.11n mode. You can
also select B+G mode to allow 802.11b and 802.11g clients at the same time.
Enable ESSID: You can specify the maximum ESSID number.
ESSID1~3: Allow you to specify ESSID of WLAN.
Site Survey: You can scan the current Wireless Access Point and connect on it.
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18.8 – Client List
This page shows the list of the clients associated to the router.
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19. Tools
This section has many useful and miscellaneous features.
19.1 – Admin
You can change the password required to log into the broadband router's system
web-based management. By default, the password is: admin. Passwords can contain
0 to 12 alphanumeric characters, and are case sensitive.
Current Password: Fill in the current password to allow changing to a new
password.
New Password: Enter your new password and in Repeat New Password for
verification purposes
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations
Remote management
This allows you to designate a host in the Internet the ability to configure the
Broadband router from a remote site. Enter the designated host IP Address in the
Host IP Address field.
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Host Address: This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have
management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a remote site. If the
Host Address is left 0.0.0.0 this means anyone can access the router’s web-based
configuration from a remote location, providing they know the password.
Port: The port number of the remote management web interface.
Enabled: Check to enable the remote management function.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
19.2 – Time
The Time Zone allows your router to reference or base its time on the settings
configured here, which will affect functions such as Event Log entries and Schedule
settings.
Time Zone: Select the time zone of the country you are currently in. The router will
set its time based on your selection.
NTP Time Server: This accept local the IP Address of Local NTP Time Server
Address.
Daylight Savings: The router can also take Daylight Savings into account. If you
wish to use this function, you must select the Daylight Savings Time period and
check/tick the enable box to enable your daylight saving configuration.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations
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19.3 – Power
Saving power in WLAN/Ethernet mode can be enabled / disabled in this page.
19.4 – Diagnosis
This page could let you diagnosis your current network status.
19.5 – Firmware
This page allows you to upgrade the router’s firmware. To upgrade the firmware
of your Broadband router, you need to download the firmware file to your local hard
disk, and enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this page. You can
also use the Browse button to find the firmware file on your PC.
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Once you’ve selected the new firmware file, click Apply at the bottom of the screen
to start the upgrade process
19.6 – Back-up
The page allows you to save (Backup) the router’s current configuration settings.
When you save the configuration setting (Backup) you can re-load the saved
configuration into the router through the Restore selection. If extreme problems occur
you can use the Restore to Factory Defaults selection, this will set all configurations
to its original default settings (e.g. when you first purchased the router).
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Restore Settings: This can save the Broadband router current configuration to a file
named "config.bin" on your PC. You can also use the <Upload> button to restore
the saved configuration to the Broadband router. Alternatively, you can use the
"Restore to Factory Defaults" to force the Broadband router to perform a power
reset and restore the original factory settings.
19.7 – Reset
You can reset the broadband router when system stops responding correctly or
stop functions.
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20. Appendix A – FCC Statement
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is
encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
FCC Caution: Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
IMPORTANT NOTE:
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment.
This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 20cm between the radiator &
your body.
We declare that the product is limited in CH1~CH11 by specified firmware controlled in the USA.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
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