iCharger 1010B+
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Index
Specifications .....
.......................................................
...3
Special Features ...
..........................................................3
Unpack Inspection ..
..........................................................5
External Controls and Connections ......
......................................5
Warnings and Safety Notes ..............
...................................
...6
Program Flow Chart .
..........................................................7
Keyboard Basics ....
.................
......................................
...8
Parameter Setup ....
.......................................................
...9
Lithium Battery Program ................
.....................................13
Charging Lithium Battery in BALANCE Mode .................................14
Charging a Lithium Battery in Normal CHARGE Mode .........................15
Fast Charging a Lithium Battery ..........................................15
Pre-charging a Lithium Battery ...........................................16
“Storage” charge/discharge a Lithium Battery ...........................16
Discharging a Lithium Battery.............................................17
Lithium Battery External Expanding Discharge Mode ........................18
Cycle Mode for a Lithium Battery .........................................19
Lithium Battery in Monitoring Mode ....................................
...19
NiCd/NiMH Battery Program .............
.....................................20
Charging a NiCd/NiHM Battery ..........................................
...20
Discharging a NiCd/NiMH Battery .......................................
.. 20
Cycle Mode for a NiCd/NiMH Battery .......................................20
NiCd/NiMH Forming Charge .................................................21
Pb (lead-acid) Battery Program .........
...................................
..22
Charging a Pb Battery ....................................................22
Discharging a Pb Battery .................................................22
Special Modes Program ..................
.....................................23
Electric Motor Drive ..................................................
...23
Foam-Cut Drive ........................................................
...23
Measuring Internal Resistance of the Battery...........................
...24
Data Save/Load Program .................
.....................................25
General Status Information .............
.....................................26
Warning and Error Information ..........
...................................
..26
USB Port Interpretation ................
.....................................28
Install USB Driver ....................................................
...28
Hardware Upgrading Steps .................................................28
Use “logview” for 1010B+ ...............................................29
Optional Parts......
.......................................................
..30
Limited Warranty....
.......................................................
..31
-2-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Thank you for purchasing one of the iCharger series. Please read the entire User‘s Manual completely and
attentively as it contains a wide variety of specific programming and safety information.
Specifications
1010B+
Input voltage range:
10.0 – 18.0VDC
Charge current range:
0.05 – 10.0A
Discharge current range:
0.05 – 7.0A
Maximum charge power capacity:
300W @ input voltage > 13.5V
Maximum discharge power capacity:
30W
Maximum regenerative discharge power capacity: 300W
Maximum extern discharge power capacity:
280W @ 40V/7A
Current drain for balancing:
<300mA
Balance accuracy:
<10mV
Lithium (LiPo/LiIo/LiFe) battery cell count:
1 – 10 series (In non-balance mode, expand LiFe to 12s)
NiCd/NiMH battery cell count:
1 – 25 series
Pb battery cell count:
1 – 18 series (2 –36V)
Battery setup memories:
10
Intelligent temperature control:
Yes
PC Connect:
USB port
Weight:
410g
Dimensions (L X W X D):
143X97X26mm
5.63‖X3.82‖X1.02‖
Special features

High power, high current, high-performance power conversion circuit. The iCharger series uses
advanced Synchronous buck-boost DC/DC converter technology with an output conversion efficiency
that can reach over 90%. This not only saves power and reduces heat build up but also makes the
charger more compact and conveniently mobile.

Two input power choices: DC jack with auto-resetting fuse (maximum input current 7A) and butt-welded
alligator clips with 4mm bullet connectors (25A).The output power can be adjusted to align with the
available input power, thus preventting input current overload and protecting the DC source.

The iCharger series can be used with three types of Lithium batteries - LiPo, Lilo, LiFe - and has a fully
integrated cell balancer.

Internal temperature sensor and temperature controlled automatic cooling FAN controls the internal
temperature and provides intelligent protection. When the internal temperature is over 60℃(140 oF), the
output power is automatically reduced by 25%. If the temperature exceeds 65℃(149 oF) the charge cycle
is stopped.

Convenient set of 10 battery profile memories that can be saved and loaded by number.

2x16 backlit LCD screen that provides rich information including active mode, current, voltage, total
charge (mAh), charging time and temperature etc.

Various charging/discharging settings and cycles to meet a wide range of customer needs. For Lithium
batteries: balance charging, normal charging, fast charging, storage, discharging, ext-discharging,
charge/discharge cycling, and battery monitoring. For NiCd/NiMH batteries: charging-auto,
charging-manual, discharging, charge/discharge cycling and forming charge. For Pb batteries: charging
and discharging.

Up to 300w unique regenerative discharge capability. Regenerative discharge takes most of the output
battery‘s energy and puts it back into the input battery, which is not the same with the traditional methods
of discharge to deplete that energy in the form of heat across a transistor. That is, when you discharge
your LiPo for storage, you will be re-charging your Lead Acid input battery. The amount of current and
voltage that your input battery can accept limit the total amount of power that you can achieve, or 300W,
whichever is lower.

Unique Lithium battery expanding discharge program. When you connect the external capacity
resistance, you can use it as the maximum discharge power capacity—280W (@40V/7A).

Unique Lithium battery Monitor program. When you use other equipment to charge or discharge a
-3-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Lithium pack, you can use the iCharger to monitor the per-cell voltages, battery temperature and
process time. If any individual cell appears over-charged or over-discharged or the pack is too hot or the
process has gone on for too long, the iCharger will generate an alarm sound and the related information
will blink.

Electric motor test mode can be used to run-in electric motors, test motor parameters and performance,
check tolerances etc.

Foam-cut drive. In this mode, the charger acts as a convenient power supply for a hot wire foam cutter.

Battery interior resistance measurement. The iCharger can not only measure the internal resistance of
the battery pack, and also can measure the per-cell internal resistance (only available for lithium battery).

Perfect protection. The iCharger has protection for reversed polarity (input or output), low input voltage,
battery temperature, charging capacity and time overrun.

Support upgrading the hardware program by USB port. The iCharger also support the ―logview‖
software and can display, plot and analyze the charge and discharge data by it. (See detail information
about logview in the following website: http://www.logview.info)
-4-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Unpack inspection
The following items are included in the package. Contact your supplier if any items are missing.
Standard items:
 One copy of the User‘s manual on CD
 One pair of output alligator clip leads
 One pair of input alligator clips (30A) and input leads with 4mm bullet connectors
 One temperature sensor lead (0 – 99℃(210 oF))
 Four rubber feet
 One exclusive Mini-USB data line(1.2 meter)
Optional items:
See details in ―Optional parts‖ (P30)
External controls and connections
1010B+
①
⑦
⑤
⑧
②
④
⑥
③
1. DC input 2. LCD screen 3. Function button
6. Balance socket
7. Output port 8. USB port
-5-
4. Cooling Fan
5. Temperature sensor port
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Warnings and Safety notes

Keep the charger away from children and pets at all times.

Never leave the charger unsupervised when charging or discharging. If you leave, disconnect the battery
to prevent any unexpected dangers or damage.

Ensure the charger program and settings match the battery pack otherwise the battery will be damaged
and a dangerous situation may arise, especially for Lithium batteries, which may cause a fire.

Do not mix batteries of different types, different capacities or from different manufacturers.

Do not disassemble the charger.

Do not place the charger or any battery on a flammable surface or near a combustible material while in
use. Do not charge or discharge on a carpet, cluttered workbench, paper, plastic, vinyl, leather or wood,
inside an R/C model or inside a full-sized automobile.

Never block the air intake holes and never use in a refrigerated or high temperature environment. If used
in such an environment, the internal temperature protection may result in abnormal charging/discharging
that could be dangerous.

Do not allow water, moisture, metal wires or other conductive material into the charger.

Never charge or discharge any battery having evidence of leaking, expansion/swelling, damaged outer
cover or case, color-change or distortion.

Do not try to charge ―non-rechargeable‖ dry cells.

Do not exceed the battery manufacturer‘s suggested maximum charge rates.

Beware that the external case temperature of the charger will increase during charging/discharging at
high power.

Carefully follow the battery pack manufacturer‘s recommendations and safety advice.
Recommended connecting way:
1. Connect iCharger's input power supply, and turn on it.
2. Connect Li batteries' balance port
3. Connect the main charging port's positive pole to cells' positive pole, and then connect negative pole to
cells' negative pole (this will avoid striking fire while connecting Li cells).
4. Start charging and discharging...
5. After finishing charging and discharging, pls disconnect the cell and charger, and then turn off the charger's
power supply.
Standard battery parameters
Nominal voltage
Max. charge voltage
Storage voltage
Allowable fast charge
current
Min. discharge voltage
LiPo
3.7 V/cell
4.2 V/cell
3.85 V/cell
≤ 1C
LiIo
3.6 V/cell
4.1 V/cell
3.75 V/cell
≤ 1C
LiFe
3.3 V/cell
3.6 V/cell
3.3 V/cell
≤ 4C
NiCd
NiMH
Pb
1.20 V/cell 1.20 V/cell
2.0 V/cell
1.60 V/cell 1.60 V/cell 2.45 V/cell
n/a
n/a
n/a
1C – 2C
1C – 2C
≤ 0.4C
≥ 3.0 V/cell
≥ 2.5 V/cell
≥ 2.0 V/cell ≥ 0.85V/cell ≥ 1.0 V/cell ≥ 1.75V/cell
cut-off level
cut off level
Note: Be very careful to choose the correct voltage for different types of battery otherwise you may cause
damage to the batteries. Incorrect settings could cause the cells to vent, burn or explode leading to injury or
loss of property.
-6-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Program flow chart
PROGRAM SELECT
Lithium battery
Start
Inc LiXX CHARGE
Inc LiXX FAST CHARGE Inc LiXX STORAGE
Enter LiXX BALANCE CHG
X.XA
AUTO Dec X.XA XX.XV(XS) Dec X.XA XX.XV(XS) Dec X.XA XX.XV(XS)
Inc
Dec
Batt type
Inc
Dec
Inc LiXX CYCLE
LiXX MONITOR
X Inc LiXX DCHG+ X.XXV Inc LiXX DCHG X.XXV
X.XXV XX.XV(XS) Dec X:X.XXV->X:X.XXV Dec X.XA
AUTO Dec X.XA XX.XV(XS)
X
NiMH FORMING CHG
X.XA XX.XV(XS)
Inc
Start
PROGRAM SELECT
Enter
NiMH battery
Batt type
Dec
Inc
Start
PROGRAM SELECT
Enter
NiCd battery
Batt type
Dec
Inc
Start
PROGRAM
Enter
Dec SELECT
Inc
Pb battery
Dec
Inc NiMH CYCLE
NiMH CHARGE Aut Inc NiMH CHARGE Man Inc NiMH DISCHARGE
X
X.XA CUR LIMIT Dec X.XA
CURRENT Dec X.XA
XX.XV Dec XXX(XXX)->XXXX
Inc NiCd CYCLE
NiCd CHARGE Aut Inc NiCd CHARGE Man Inc NiCd DISCHARGE
X
X.XA CUR LIMIT Dec X.XA
CURRENT Dec X.XA
XX.XV Dec XXX(XXX)->XXXX
X
Inc Dec
Inc Pb DISCHARGE
Pb CHARGE
X.XA XX.XV(XS) Dec X.XA XX.XV(XS)
NiCd FORMING CHG
X.XA XX.XV(XS)
Batt type
Inc
Start
Inc Bal.Speed XXXXXX Inc Li Balance ON
PROGRAM SELECT
Enter Lithium battery
Settings
->
Check Time XXmin Dec Bal.Trickle XXX Dec
XXX
Dec
Inc Wait Time
Dec CHG/DCHG XXmin
Inc
Dec
NiMH/NiCd Check Inc NiCd Sensitivity Inc NiMH Sensitivity Inc NiMH/NiCd/Pb
Delay
XXmin Dec DeltaV XXmV/Cell Dec DeltaV XXmV/Cell Dec Trickle
XXXmA
Inc
Batt type
Dec
Inc
Dec
Inc Safety timer
Inc Capacity Cut-Off Inc Input limit XX.X
Temp. Cut-Off
XXX
XX℃ Dec XXX
XXXmin Dec XXX
XXXXXmAh Dec Cut-Off XX.XXV
Inc
Back-light XX% Inc Completion Ring
Cooling fan XXXX Dec
Beep XXX
Inc
Inc Key Beep
Dec Buzzer
Dec
XXX Inc Watt Limit (W)
XXX Dec CHG:XXXX DCHG:XX
Dec
Discharge reduce Inc Regenerative DSC Inc LiFe Termination Inc Lilo Termination
OFF
XX% Dec XXX XX.XA XX.XXV Dec Voltage X.XXV Dec Voltage X.XXV
Inc
Start
Inc FOAM
PROGRAM SELECT
Enter MOTOR DRV XXmin
Special modes
X.XA
XX.XV Dec X.XA
Batt type
Dec
Inc
Start
PROGRAM SELECT
Enter SAVE SETTINGS XX
Save settings
memoryX
Batt type
Inc
Dec
Start
PROGRAM SELECT
Enter LOAD SETTINGS XX
Load settings
memoryX
CUT XXmin Inc Measure Internal
XX.XV Dec resistance
Dec
LiPo Termination
Voltage X.XXV
Inc
Dec
Pb Termination
Voltage X.XXV
Note: When you turn off the iCharger it will remember the current menu and start from that menu when next
turned on again.
-7-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Keyboard basics
1.
Go to the main menu, press the Inc button or the Stop/Batt type button to go down, and press the
Dec button to go up: press the Start/Enter button to enter a sub-menu.
2. In a sub-menu, press Start/Enter to blink the chosen item, and then alter the value with Inc or Dec.
With nothing blinking you can go to the sub-menu below with Inc and above with Dec. Press
Stop/Batt type to go back to the previous screen.
3. In some sub-menus, press and hold Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start the process, such as
starting charging or discharging.
4. During the charging/discharging process you can terminate the process at any time by pressing
Stop/Batt type and check the attached information with IncorDec. Press Start/Enter to go back to
the main information screen.
5. During the discharge process, press Start/Enter to alter the discharge current. When the discharge
current blinks, press Inc to increase it or Dec to decrease it, then press Start/Enter to confirm the
change.
6. Press Stop/Batt type for more than 3 seconds to start the display of the active test information as per
the following diagram.
Present testing information:
In this display the output voltage is the idle voltage measured at the
output terminals (that is, the voltage of the connected battery pack).
Stop/Batt type
Pressing Start for 3 seconds to monitor the resistance again.
>3 seconds
Vi11.94V Int30℃
Vo 8.23V Ext25℃
Output
Volt.
Inc
24
mΩ
mΩ
Inc
7:---- ---- ---A:----
Dec
Battery Pack IR
45mΩ
Pack cells resistance from
the balance port.
Individual cell voltage from
the balance port.
Reset to Defaults function. Press Stop/Batt type and Start/Enter together for more than 3 seconds to
obtain this display:
Resume defaults?
CONFIRM (ENTER)
8.
1: 21
4:
Per cell resistance from
the balance port.
Input Int.
Ext.
Volt. Temp. Temp.
1:4.11 4.12 ---4:---- ---- ---7.
Dec
Press Start/Enter to reset all values to the system-default settings.
Adjust Current, Temp. Cut-Off, Safety timer, Capacity Cut-Off in course of charging and discharging.
Method of Application:
When in charging and discharging interface, press Start/Enter for 3 seconds, and current begins
blinking.
Press IncorDec to adjust current, and press Start/Enter to save changes. If users press Stop/Batt
type or without any operation for 1 minute, it will cancel and quit from the changes.
Note: Adjustment of current is only effective for charging and discharging, which will not saved as user
setting.
When in charging and discharging interface, press Dec for several times to see need-to-be changed
information interface. Press Start/Enter for 3 seconds, and the value begins blinking. The adjust method
is as same as the above.
Note: This change can be saved as user setting.
-8-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Parameter setup
Users should check the parameter settings and adjust the parameter values according to the specifications of
the pack to be charged or discharged.
Note: The screen diagram on the left shows the system‘s default setting.
PROGRAM SELECT
Settings
->
Start/Enter
Lithium battery
Check Time 1min
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Bal.Speed Normal
Bal.Trickle OFF
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Li Balance ON
CV phase
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Wait Time
CHG/DCHG
Dec
Inc
10min
+
Dec Inc
NiMH/NiCd/Pb
Trickle
OFF
Dec
Inc
Inc
iCharger checks the cell count of Lithium batteries automatically at the
beginning of the charge or discharge process in order to detect and avoid
erroneous setting by the user. However, deeply discharged batteries can be
perceived incorrectly. To avoid this problem you can set an initial time during
which to charge the battery at a low current, usually 100mA. Normally 10
minutes is enough to detect the cell count correctly. For batteries of different
capacities, you should adjust the time delay. Note: If you set the time delay
too long for a low capacity battery then the charging process can be finished
within the time delay with an erroneous cell count, which may damage the
battery and could be dangerous.
Range: 1 – 10 min. (1min, default)
For balance charging Lithium batteries. If the Bal. Speed is set to Fast, the
CV termination current will be higher, the charging time shorter and the
per-cell voltage lower. When set to Slow, the CV termination current will be
lower, the charging time longer and the per-cell voltage higher. The default
value of Normal is between the Fast and the Slow. If Bal. Trickle is ON, the
iCharger won‘t stop charging until the current falls to around 20mA.
Bal.Speed: Fast, Normal & Slow, (Normal, default).
Bal.Trickle: OFF & ON: (OFF, default)
For balance charging Li battery. There are three balance modes options: CV
phase, storage voltage and always. If the balance mode is set to CV phase,
when any cell‘s voltage reaches the set voltage for CV, it will enable the
balancer. When set to ―always‖, the balancer will be enabled from the
beginning of the charge process. When set to ―storage voltage‖, the
balancer will be enabled when any cell‘s voltage exceeds the default storage
voltage for the configured chemistry.
Balance mode: CV phase, storage voltage, always (CV phase, default)
When running a charge/discharge cycle program for a Lithium, NiMH or
NiCd battery the charger will stop for a while before continuing to the next
phase. This allows the pack to cool down.
Range: 1 – 60 min. (10 min default)
You can turn post charge-completion trickle charging. On or Off for NiMH,
NiCd or Pb batteries.
Range: OFF, 10 – 500mA. (OFF,default)
+
Dec Inc
NiMH Sensitivity
DeltaV
Default
Dec
User parameter setup initial display.
+
Dec Inc
Usually, the NiMH battery voltage will drop a little right after reaching full
charge. This is known as -△V. You can alter the iCharger‘s delta-peak
detection sensitivity.
Range: 1 – 20mV/Cell. (4mV/Cell, default)
-9-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
Dec
Inc
+
Dec Inc
NiMH/NiCd Check
Delay
0min
Dec
Inc
+
Dec Inc
Temp. Cut-Off
ON
50℃
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Safety timer
ON
120min
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Capacity Cut-Off
ON
5000mAh
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Input limit 22.0
Cut-Off
4.50V
Dec
+
Inc Dec Inc
Watt Limit (W)
CHG:AUTO DCHG:20
+
Dec Inc
Dec
+
Dec Inc
Inc
Usually, the NiCd battery voltage will drop a little right after reaching full
charge. This is known as -△V. You can alter the iCharger‘s delta-peak
detection sensitivity.
Range: 1 – 20mV/Cell. (8mV/Cell, default)
When NiMH&NiCd batteries are deeply discharged or left unused for a long
time, they will produce a false -△V which stops charging early. You can
disable -△V testing to avoid this problem.
Range: 0 – 30min (0, default)
Battery upper temperature limit. The battery temperature can be monitored
with the attached temperature sensor. In order to protect the battery from
damage due to high temperatures the iCharger will stop charging or
discharging immediately if the temperature exceeds the cut-off setting.
Users can choose ℃ or oF as the temperature unit
Range: 20 – 80℃(68 – 176 oF). oF = (9/5)×℃+32.
Charging time upper limit. The charging process will stop immediately if it
exceeds the set value.
Range: 1 – 999min
Capacity protection. The charging/discharging process will stop immediately
if the calculated charge input/drained exceeds the set value.
Range: 100 – 99900mAh
Input voltage protection lower limit. The charging/discharging process will
stop immediately if the input voltage falls below the set value.
Range: 10.00 – 15.00V (10.00V, default)
Current Range: 1.0A – 22.0A(22.0A, default)
Note: Current limit is not very accurate, which may be 20% difference, max.
Charge/Discharge power limit. The maximum charge/discharge power of
iCharger can be adjusted in order to limit internal temperature and to
protect the input current from over-loading. When the limit is set to AUTO
the iCharger can adjust the output charging power according to the input
capability.
CHG: 50 –300W and AUTO. DCHG: 5 –30W
Note: The maximum charge power capacity is also limited by input current.
The maximum input current of 1010B+ is about 24A, and Wmax ≈ Imax *
Vin * 90%. (For example, when the input voltage is 11V, the maximum
charge power capacity ≈24×11×90%=238W).
iCharger1010B+: MAX. OUTPUT POWER vs. INPUT VOLTAGE
320
Max. Output power(W)
NiCd Sensitivity
DeltaV
Default
1010B+
300
280
260
240
220
200
10
11
12
Input voltage(V)
-10-
13
14
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
Key Beep
Buzzer
Dec
Key confirmation and alert tone. If the keyboard sound is ON there will be a
beep when you press any key. If the buzzer is ON the iCharger will
generate an alert tone for certain events.
Key Beep: OFF&ON: (ON, default)
Buzzer: OFF&ON: (ON, default)
ON
ON
+
Dec Inc
Inc
Process completion tone. Controls the tones generated at end of charging
or discharging and the cyclic charging/discharging indication.
Options: Beep 5 times, Beep 3 minutes, Beep always (continuous until
user presses STOP), Beep OFF
(Beep always, default)
Completion Ring
Beep always
Dec
+
Dec Inc
Inc
Back-light and cooling fan control. Adjust the LCD backlight brightness.
There are three cooling fan modes: ON, OFF, AUTO. In AUTO-Mode,
iCharger adjusts the fan automatically to control its internal temperature.
Cooling fan: OFF, ON & AUTO (AUTO, default)
Back-light
50%
Cooling fan AUTO
Dec
+
Dec Inc
Inc
Discharge reduce setting. When you set it to ―ON‖,If the final voltage target
storage voltage is reached, the buzzer will beep for three times, and the left
of the second line display "D>>", and the charger enters into the high
precision discharge process. The process won‘t stop until the current
reaches xx% of the configured discharge current.
Reduce: ON, OFF Range: 1 – 99%
Discharge reduce
OFF
50%
+
+
Delay
0min
Dec
Inc
Dec
Inc
Dec
1010B+
Inc
Regenerative discharge setting. In the second line, these items are set:
Regenerative discharge ON/OFF, current limit, voltage limit.
Regenerative discharge: OFF, ON (OFF, default)
Regenerative current limit: 1 – 7A (1A, default)
Regenerative voltage limit: 10 – 17.0V (10V, default)
Regenerative DSC
OFF 1.0A 4.50V
- +
-Delay
+
+
0min
Dec
Inc Dec Inc Dec
Inc
Dec
Inc
When Regenerative discharge is set to ON, discharging by charger internal consumption turns to charging
power supply (current and voltage limit can be set), which is shown in the following graph.
+ +
Power
Supper
Regenerative DSC: OFF
Input
- -
Output
iCharger
+
+
Rechargeable
Power Supper
Discharge User
Batt.
Current
-
-
For example:
Pb battery etc.
Pack
Regenerative discharge OFF
+ +
Regenerative DSC: ON
Input
- -
Output
iCharger
+
+
Discharge User
Batt.
Current
-
-
Pack
Regenerative discharge ON
Note:
1. When in Regenerative discharging, charger‘s power supply needs to be rechargeable. For example,
Pb battery can be used for input power supply, but switch power adapter cannot.
2. The setting of regenerative discharge‘s current and voltage limit should be suit for power supply. For
example, using 12V Pb battery as power supply, the regenerative current and voltage should not be more
than its max charging current and voltage, or it may cause danger.
3. Regenerative discharge max power is the same with charger‘s setting max charging power, not
discharging power. (Restricted by setting regenerative discharge current and voltage limit, and discharge
current limit.)
4. Regenerative current limit is not very accurate, which may be 20% difference, max.
5. If input power supply voltage is more than setting regenerative limit voltage, charger will not start
regenerative discharge and internal discharge instead.
-11-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
Dec
Inc
LiFe Termination
Voltage
3.60V
+
Delay
0min
Dec
Inc
Dec
Inc
+
Dec Inc
LiPo Termination
Voltage
4.20V
Dec
Termination voltage for LiFe. Adjust LiFe‘s charge termination voltage.
Press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to blink the ―Voltage‖ value,
then press Dec and Inc to adjust the termination voltage.
Range: 3.40V – 3.90V, Step: 0.01V (3.60V, default)
Inc
Lilo Termination
Voltage
4.10V
Dec
1010B+
Inc
+
Dec Inc
Pb Termination
Voltage
2.40V
+
Dec Inc
Termination voltage for Lilo. Adjust Lilo‘s charge termination voltage.
Press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to blink the ―Voltage‖ value,
then press Dec and Inc to adjust the termination voltage.
Range: 3.90V – 4.20V, Step: 0.01V (4.10V, default)
Termination voltage for LiPo. Adjust LiPo‘s charge termination voltage.
Press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to blink the ―Voltage‖ value,
then press Dec and Inc to adjust the termination voltage.
Range: 4.00V – 4.30V, Step: 0.01V (4.20V, default)
Termination voltage for Pb. Adjust Pb‘s charge termination voltage. Press
Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to blink the ―Voltage‖ value, then
press Dec and Inc to adjust the termination voltage.
Range: 2.20V – 2.50V, Step: 0.01V (2.40V, default)
Note: The Termination voltage controls the transition from Constant
Current (CC) to Constant Voltage (CV) charging for LiXx and Pb
chemistries. It also defines the per-cell limit for cell overvoltage detection.
If you change the default termination voltage, the charge and discharge
setting screen will note this difference by alternatively blinking battery‘s
type and setting voltage value.
-12-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Lithium battery program
The iCharger provides a number of Lithium programs including Balance, Normal, Fast and Storage. Only the
Balance mode requires the balance lead connected. However, the other modes will provide additional
per-cell over-voltage protection if the balance lead is connected compared to running them without it, where
they can only utilize the total pack voltage.
Balance
connector
required
Yes
Balancer
active
Yes
Icv = Icc/10
OR Vout = (cell_count x cell_max_voltage) + Vloss
Balance – Fast
Yes
Yes
Icv = Icc/5
OR Vout = (cell_count x cell_max_voltage) + Vloss
Balance – Slow
Yes
Yes
Icv = Icc/40
OR
Charge
Optional
No
Icv = Icc/10
AND Vout = cell_count x cell_max_voltage
Fast Charge
Optional
No
Icv = Icc/5
AND Vout = cell_count x cell_max_voltage
Storage
Optional
No
Vout = cell_count x cell_storage_voltage
Cycle - charge
Optional
No
Icv = Icc/10
Balance – Normal
Charge termination condition
Vout = (cell_count x cell_max_voltage)+ Vloss
AND Vout = cell_count x cell_max_voltage
Cycle - discharge
Optional
No
Vout = cell_count x cell_discharge_voltage
Icc = configured charge current for the CC phase
Icv = charge current during the CV phase
cell_max_voltage = configured termination voltage for the selected chemistry (eg LiPo = 4.2V)
cell_storage_voltage = configured per-cell storage voltage for the selected chemistry
cell_discharge_voltage = configured per-cell storage voltage for the selected chemistry
Icv = charge current during the CV phase
Vloss = 0.2 * (1 + Icv/10A); when in balance charging, charging line loss will compensate voltage.

Any time the battery‘s balance lead is connected the charger will monitor and display the cell voltages.

The balancer is only active during a BALANCE charge (not during the CHARGE or FAST programs)

The balance speed setting (Slow, Normal, Fast) controls the end-of-charging current threshold.

The CHARGE and FAST modes are identical except for the charge-termination threshold which is 1/10
of the charge current setting for CHARGE and 1/5 of the charge current setting for FAST mode.

While the CHARGE and FAST modes do not include any balancing action it is still safer to have the
balance lead connected since then the charger will provide per-cell over-voltage protection as described
below.

In all kinds of charge cycle, if the balance lead is connected and if any cell exceeds the allowable per-cell
peak voltage for the configured chemistry, the charge current will be reduced to ensure the voltage does
not rise any further. This will slow the charging process and if the charge current falls to 1/10 of the
charge current setting this will result in the charge cycle stopping altogether. Note that this is not the
normal CC-to-CV transition which would usually occur when all cells approach the nominal peak voltage
for the configured chemistry, but is a safety measure to respond to unbalanced cells in any mode or at
any time during the charge process.
Note: When Li batteries are in balance charging, charger's max output voltage = (cell_count x
cell_max_voltage) + Vloss
When connecting the Li batteries with main output port and the balance port, the
charger will check cell count automatically, and forbid changing cell count setting
by user himself. This is useful for all Li batteries‘ charging and discharging mode.
-13-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Charging Lithium battery in BALANCE mode
This function is for balancing the voltage of Lithium-polymer battery cells while charging. In the balance mode
the battery balance lead must be connected to the balance port on the right side of the iCharger. The pinout
of the balance port is shown in the diagram below. Charging in this mode is different from the normal
CHARGE mode because the iCharger can monitor the voltage of individual cells and adjust the input current
fed into each cell to normalize the voltage (for example: LiPo battery within 4.2V).
LiPo BALANCE CHG
1.0A
AUTO
+
Dec Inc
+
Dec Inc
Batt type
stop
Balance charging mode of Lithium battery. The left side of the first line set
the type of battery (LiPo, Lilo or LiFe). The value on the left side of second
line sets the charge current and on the right side of second line, it shows
AUTO. The system will check cell count automatically by cell balance port's
voltage.
Charge current: 0.05 – 10A, Voltage: 1 – 10 series
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
Li03 1.0A 12.60V
BAL 00993 59m:51
work
charged charging
State
capacity
time
number charge
battery
of cells current voltage
Lithium BALANCE charging mode. The screen shows the status during the
charging process. You can stop charging at any time by pressing Batt
type/Stop.Press Inc to display each cell‘s voltage (see the balance
voltage information) and press Dec to display the General Status
Information.
Series
Balance port and Individual Cell connection diagram
OUTPUT
-
1 cel l
2 cel l
3 cel l
4 cel l
5 cel l
6 cel l
7 cel l
8 cel l
9 cel l
10cel l
Balance port
OUTPUT +
- 1S
+ 2S
+ 3S
+ 4S
+ 5S
+ 6S
+ 7S
+ 8S
+ 9S
-10S
OUTPUT
+
-
1 cel l
2 cel l
3 cel l
4 cel l
5 cel l
6 cel l
7 cel l
8 cel l
9 cel l
10cel l
Balance port
OUTPUT +
+
-14-
- 1S
+ 2S
+ 3S
+ 4S
- 5S
+
+
1010B+
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Charging a Lithium battery in normal CHARGE mode
The iCharger first charges with constant current (CC) according to the user setting then constant voltage (CV)
when the charging voltage reaches the peak point. In the CV phase the current gradually falls. The iCharger
will terminate charging when the current falls below than 1/10 of the configured charge current.
LiPo CHARGE
1.0A
11.1V(3S)
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
+
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
stop >3 seconds
R:02SER S:03SER
CONFIRM(ENTER)
Batt type Start/Enter
stop
Battery Charge V-BP
Series 1.0A
Current12.60V
Li03
CHG 00993 59m:51
work
charged charging
State
capacity
time
number charge
battery
of cells current voltage
The left side of the first line set the type of battery (LiPo, Lilo or LiFe). The
value on the left side of second line sets the charge current and the value
on the right side of second line sets the cell count and voltage of the battery
pack. After setting the current and voltage, press Start/Enter for more than
3 seconds to start the next process.
Charge current: 0.05 – 10A, Voltage: 1 – 10 series ( LiFe to 12 series)
The number of cells you set and the processor detects. If the checking
result is the same, it would enter to the next interface; if not the same, the
left side of the first line ‘R:xxSER‘ shows the number of cells detected by the
iCharger and the right side of the first line ‘S:xxSER‘ is the number of cells
set by the user. Usually, the auto-detect number won‘t exceed the number
set by the user. You should make sure that the configured number and the
actual number for the battery are the same and then you can start charging
by pressing Start/Enter. If not, press Batt type/Stop to go back to the
previous screen and adjust the setting.
Lithium CHARGE mode. The screen shows the status during the charging
process. You can stop charging at any time by pressing Batt type/Stop.
Press Inc to display each cell‘s voltage (see the balance voltage
information) and press Dec to display the General Status information.
Fast charging a Lithium battery
The Series
iCharger first charges with constant current (CC) according to the user setting then constant voltage (CV)
when the charging voltage reaches the peak point. In the CV phase the current gradually falls. The iCharger
will terminate charging when the current falls below than 1/5 of the configured charge current. This will result
in slightly less than 100% charge but will complete sooner than the Normal charge mode.
LiPo FAST CHARGE
1.0A
11.1V(3S)
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec
Inc
+
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
stop >3 seconds
R:02SER S:03SER
CONFIRM(ENTER)
Batt type Start/Enter
stop
Battery Charge
V-BP
Series 1.0A
Current12.60V
Li03
FST 00993 59m:51
work
charged charging
State
capacity
time
number charge
battery
of cells current voltage
Series
The fast charging mode of Lithium battery. The left side of the first line set
the type of battery (LiPo, Lilo or LiFe). The value on the left side of second
line sets the charge current and the value on the right side of second line
sets the cell count and voltage of the battery pack. After setting the current
and voltage, press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start the next
process.
Charge current: 0.05 – 10A, Voltage: 1 – 10 series ( LiFe to 12 series)
The number of cells you set and the processor detects. If the checking
result is the same, it would enter to the next interface; if not the same, the
left side of the first line ‘R:xxSER‘ shows the number of cells detected by the
iCharger and the right side of the first line ‘S:xxSER‘ is the number of cells
set by the user. Usually, the auto-detect number won‘t exceed the number
set by the user. You should make sure that the configured number and the
actual number for the battery are the same and then you can start charging
by pressing Start/Enter. If not, press Batt type/Stop to go back to the
previous screen and adjust the setting.
Lithium FAST charging mode. The screen shows the status during the
charging process. You can stop charging at any time by pressing Batt
type/Stop. Press Inc to display each cell‘s voltage (see the balance
voltage information) and press Dec to display the General Status
Information.
-15-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Pre-charging a Lithium battery
If the battery is over-discharged and the voltage is too low then in the Normal charge or Fast charge modes
the iCharger will notify the user of pre-charging with a low current (100mA). This helps to increase the
battery voltage to the within the allowable range for normal charging. The user can set the pre-charging time
in the Lithium Check time screen in the User setup.
Pre-charging battery
Do checking?
CONFIRM(ENTER)
The following screen is displayed when the charger detects the battery
voltage to be too low in the Normal charge or Fast charge modes.
Pre-charge lithium battery. Press Start/Enter to start the charging process
or press Stop to go back to the previous screen.
Batt type Start/Enter
stop
Status display. The left side of the first line shows the type of battery (LiPo,
Lilo or LiFe) and number of cells detected. In the middle is the pre-charge
Li03 0.1A 12.40V
current (100mA). On the right is the voltage of the battery pack. The second
CHK 00001 00m:51
line shows the charging progress with capacity charged (mAh) and charging
time. The charger will switch back to the configured charge mode when the
work
charged charging
state
capacity
time
pre-charge time limit is reached. You can stop the pre-charging process at
battery of
0.1A
battery any time by pressing the Batt type/Stop button.
cells test pre-charge
current
online
voltage
“Storage” charge/discharge a Lithium battery
This mode is for charging/discharging a Lithium battery that is not to be used for an extended period. The
program determines whether to charge or discharge the battery based on the configured target voltage and
the measured initial voltage of the battery. The nominal target storage voltage depends on the type of Lithium
battery: 3.75V/cell for Lilo, 3.85V/cell for LiPo and 3.3V/cell for LiFe. If at the start the battery voltage exceeds
the target storage voltage the program will start to discharge rather than charge.
LiPo STORAGE
1.0A
11.1V(3S)
+
Dec Inc
+
Dec Inc
Batt type
stop
+
Dec Inc
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
R:03SER S:03SER
CONFIRM(ENTER)
Batt type Start/Enter
stop
Battery Charge V-BP
Series 1.0A
Current12.60V
Li03
STO 00993 59m:51
work
charged charging
state
capacity
time
number charge
battery
of cells current voltage
Storage of Lithium battery. The left side of the first line set the type of battery
(LiPo, Lilo or LiFe). The value on the left side of second line sets the
charge/discharge current and the value on the right side of second line sets
the cell count and voltage of the battery pack. After setting the current and
voltage, press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start the next
process.
Charge current: 0.05 – 10A, Voltage: 1 – 10 series
The number of cells you set and the processor detects. If the checking
result is the same, it would enter to the next interface; if not the same, the
left side of the first line ‘R:xxSER‘ shows the number of cells detected by the
iCharger and the right side of the first line ‘S:xxSER‘ is the number of cells
set by the user. You should make sure that the configured number and the
actual number for the battery are the same and then you can start charging
by pressing Start/Enter. If not, press Batt type/Stop to go back to the
previous screen and adjust the setting.
Lithium STORAGE charging mode. The screen shows the status during the
charging process. You can stop charging at any time by pressing Batt
type/Stop. Press Inc to display each cell‘s voltage (see the balance
voltage information) and press Dec to display the General Status
information.
eries
-16-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Discharging a Lithium battery
In this mode, you can set the target per-cell voltage and hence the final voltage (final voltage=cell
voltage*number of cells). The lowest allowable cell voltage depends on the type of Lithium battery: 2.50V for
Lilo, 3.00V for LiPo and 2.00V for LiFe per cell. If the battery is connected to the balance port, the iCharger
can monitor the individual cell voltages. The discharge will stop immediately if any cell falls below the
configured final voltage.
LiPo DCHG 3.30V
1.0A
11.1V(3S)
+
Dec Inc
+
Dec Inc
Batt type
stop
+
Dec Inc
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
R:04SER S:03SER
CONFIRM(ENTER)
Batt type Start/Enter
stop
Battery Charge
Discharge Lithium battery. The left side of the first line set the type of battery
(LiPo, Lilo or LiFe) and the value on the right side shows the final discharge
voltage of each cell. The value on the left side of second line sets the
charge current and the value on the right side of second line sets the cell
count and voltage of the battery pack. After setting the current and voltage,
press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start the next process.
Per-cell final voltage: LiPo (3.00 – 4.20V), Lilo (2.50 – 4.10V), LiFe (2.00 – 3.60V)
Discharge current: 0.05 – 7A , Cell count: 1 – 10S
The number of cells you set and the processor detects. If the checking
result is the same, it would enter to the next interface; if not the same, the
left side of the first line ‘R:xxSER‘ shows the number of cells detected by the
iCharger and the right side of the first line ‘S:xxSER‘ is the number of cells
set by the user. Usually, the auto-detect number won‘t lower than the
number set by the user. You should make sure that the configured number
and the actual number for the battery are the same and then you can start
charging by pressing Start/Enter. If not, press Batt type/Stop to go back to
the previous screen and adjust the setting.
V-BP
Series 1.0A
Current12.60V
Li03
DSC 00993 59m:51
work discharge discharging
state
capacity
time
number discharge battery
voltage
of cells current
Discharge process. The iCharger allow its user to alter the discharging
current during the process. Press Start/Enter to make the discharge current
blink then press Inc to increase or press Dec to decrease the value and
press Start/Enter to confirm the alteration. You can stop discharging at any
time by pressing Batt type/Stop. Press Inc to display each cell‘s voltage
(see the balance voltage information) and press Dec to display the
General Status information.
Note:
If you connect the balance port at the beginning of the discharging process, then the balance port will
Series
monitor each cell‘s voltage, if one of these cells‘ voltage reaches the termination voltage then the process will
terminate with ―balance port low cel vol‖. For example in LiPo mode, if one cell‘s voltage reaches 3.0V the
process will stop.
If you want to avoid this ―balance port low cell vol‖ message, then you can connect the balance port after the
discharge process has started. In that case the process won‘t monitor each cell‘s voltage, just the pack‘s
voltage and the discharge process will terminate when the pack voltage reaches the termination voltage (=
target_cell_voltage x number_of_cells). For example in LiPo mode, the discharge process won‘t terminate
until the pack‘s voltage reach N*3.0V.
-17-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Lithium battery external expanding discharge mode
You can expand the iCharger‘s discharge power capacity by connecting the external capacity resistance.
What should pay special attention is that, when expanding discharge, the balance port must connect to the
battery and the expanding capacity resistance R should be series connected to the positive pole (See in the
following diagram)
Output
iCharger
+
R
- Lixx Batt.
+
Pack
Bal. port
LiPo DCHG+ 3.30V
1.0A
AUTO
+
Dec Inc
+
Dec Inc
Batt type
stop
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
Li03 1.0A 12.60V
DSC 00993 59m:51
work discharge discharging
state
capacity
time
number discharge battery
of cells current
voltage
Discharge Lithium battery. The left side of the first line set the type of battery
(LiPo, Lilo or LiFe) and the value on the right side shows the final discharge
voltage of each cell. The value on the left side of second line sets the
charge current and on the right side of second line, it shows AUTO. The
system will check cell count automatically by cell balance port's voltage.
Per-cell final voltage: LiPo (3.00 – 4.20V), Lilo (2.50 – 4.10V), LiFe (2.00 – 3.60V)
Discharge current: 0.05 – 7A, Cell count: 1 – 10S
Discharge process. The iCharger allow its user to alter the discharging
current during the process. Press Start/Enter to make the discharge current
blink then press Inc to increase or press Dec to decrease the value and
press Start/Enter to confirm the alteration. You can stop discharging at any
time by pressing Batt type/Stop. Press Inc to display each cell‘s voltage
(see the balance voltage information) and press Dec to display the
General Status information.
Series
In this mode, the lithium battery discharges through iCharger and R, P = Pi + Pr, (Pi is charger‘s wasted
power capacity; Pr is wasted power capacity by resistance). Pi is limited by the set charger‘s maximum
discharge power capacity(<30W). But in the first 30 seconds of discharge startup, Pi can be reached 150W.
This characteristic is tend to active some resistance loads which shows a remarkably increase in resistance
value along with increase of the temperature, such as bulbs.
In Expanding Discharging Mode, if starts Regenerative discharge at the same time( see details in Page 11),
the above stated Pi restrict will alter less than 300W.
External capacity resistance‟s setting:
R = Vbat / Iset;
P = Vbat * Iset;
R:The value of the external capacity resistance
P:Rating capacity of the external capacity resistance
For example: discharge a pack of 20V lithium battery at 7A
R = 20V / 7A = 2.85Ω
P = 20V×7A = 140W
-18-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Charge-to-discharge & Discharge-to-charge cycle mode for a Lithium battery
LiPo CYCLE
3
C:4.20V->D:3.00V
+
Dec Inc
+
Dec Inc
+
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
stop >3 seconds
R:02SER S:03SER
CONFIRM(ENTER)
Batt type Start/Enter
stop
Battery Charge
V-BP
Series 1.0A
Current12.60V
Li03
C>D 00993 59m:51
work
cycle
cycle
state
capacity
time
number
cycle
battery
of cells current voltage
Charging/discharging cycle mode of Lithium battery.
The left side of the first line sets the type of battery (LiPo, Lilo or LiFe) and
the right side shows the cycle number. The second line shows the cycle
direction you selected: (C: x.xxV->D: x.xxV) or (D: x.xxV->C: x.xxV), the
value of the second line sets the final charge/discharge voltage. Press
Start/Enter button for more than 3 seconds with a sound ‖Di‖ to start the
next process.
Cycle number: 1 – 999 (only last 10 times cycle information will be
displayed)
Voltage: LiPo (3.00 – 4.20V), Lilo (2.50 – 4.10V), LiFe (2.00 – 3.60V)
The number of cells you set and the processor detects. If the checking
result is the same, it would enter to the next interface; if not the same, the
left side of the first line ‘R: xxSER‘ shows the number of cells detected by
the iCharger and the right side of the first line ‘S:xxSER‘ is the number of
cells set by the user. You should make sure that the configured number and
the actual number for the battery are the same and then you can start
charging by pressing Start/Enter. If not, press Batt type/Stop to go back to
the previous screen and adjust the setting.
Charging/discharging cycle mode of Lithium battery.
In this process, you can stop the cycle at any time by pressing the Batt
type/Stop button. In the process of C>D or D>C, the blink ―C‖ indicates
charging, while ―D‖ indicates discharging. Press Inc button to display
each cell‘s voltage and its past cycling current (see the balance voltage
information& cycling information) and press Dec button to display the
General Status information.
During the waiting time of discharge-to-charge cycle mode, you can stop
the waiting process with pressing ―Start" button for three seconds!
Series
Lithium battery in monitoring mode
When you use other devices to charge or discharge Lithium pack, the iCharger can monitor each cell‘s
voltage, battery temperature, charge time and so on, if one of the batteries appears over-charged,
over-discharged, over-hot, over-capacity or over-time ,the iCharger will alarm with noise “Di…..” and blink
the raleted information.
LiPo MONITOR
3.0V
11.1V(3S)
+
+
Dec
Dec Inc
- Inc
+
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
stop >3 seconds
Battery Charge
V-BP
Series 50℃
Current12.60V
Li03
Monitor
50m:43
run
work
time
state
number
Ext.
battery
of cells temperature voltage
Monitor mode of Lithium battery. The left side of the first line sets the type of
battery (LiPo, Lilo or LiFe). The value on the right side of the second line
sets the low limit of voltage and the battery pack number. After setting the
current and voltage press Start/Enter button for more than 3 seconds with
a sound ‖Di‖ to start the next process.
Individual alarm low-Vt: final discharging voltage to the highest
charging voltage (such as: LiPo 3.0V – 4.2V),
Battery series: 1 – 10 series
The monitor information, in this process; you can stop monitoring process at
any time by pressing Batt type/Stop button.
Press Inc button to display each cell‘s voltage (see the balance voltage
information), the iCharger will alarm with noise “Di….”when any errors
appear.
Note: when in Li monitor Mode, no need connecting the main port if connecting the balance port.
Series
-19-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
NiCd/NiMH battery program
Charging a NiCd/NiHM battery
NiMH CHARGE Aut
1.0A
CUR LIMIT
+
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
stop >3 seconds
NiMH 1.0A 10.45V
CHG 00993 59m:51
The left side of the first line displays the type of battery (NiCd/NiMH) and the
second line allows you to set the current limit. The iCharger offers two
charging modes for NiCd/NiMH., ‗CHARGE Aut‘ and ‗CHARGE Manual‘. In
‗Aut‘ mode the user sets the upper limit for the charging current. The
iCharger will charge with about 1C automatically but no higher than the
configured current. In ‗Manual‘ mode it will charge at the configured current.
Press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start charging.
Current for Aut: 0.05 – 10A; Current for Manual: 0.05 – 10A
Charge status. You can stop the process at any time by pressing Batt
type/Stop. Press Dec to display the General Status information.
work charged
charging
state capacity
time
NiMH
charge
battery
NiCd
current
voltage
Discharging a NiCd/NiMH battery
NiMH DISCHARGE
1.0A
7.0V
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
stop >3 seconds
NiMH 1.0A 10.21V
DCH 00973 57m:21
The left side of the first line shows the type of battery (NiCd/NiMH). The
value in the second line sets the discharge current on the left and final
voltage on the right. Press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start
discharging.
Discharge current: 0.05 – 7A
Final voltage: 0.1 – 40.0V
Discharge status. You can stop the process at any time by pressing Batt
type/Stop. Press Dec to display the General Status information.
work discharged discharging
state capacity
time
NiMH discharge battery
NiCd
current
voltage
Charge-to-Discharge & Discharge-to-Charge cycle mode for a NiCd/NiMH battery
NiMH CYCLE
3
DCHG->CHG(Aut)
+
4- +
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
stop >3 seconds
NiMH 1.0A 10.45V
C>D 00993 59m:51
work
cycle
cycle
state
capacity
time
cycle
battery
NiMH
current voltage
NiCd
The left side of the first line shows the type of battery (NiCd/NiMH) and the
right shows the cycle number. The second line shows the cycle direction
you selected: (CHG(xxx)->DCHG)or DCHG->CHG(xxx)). You can set
the charge mode as ―Charge Auto‖ or ―Charge Manual‖. The discharge
parameters are those set in NiCd/NiMH discharge screen. Press
Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start the cycling.
Cycle number: 1 –999 (only last 10 times cycle information will be
displayed)
Cycle charge mode: „Aut‟ or „Man‟
The screen displays the NiCd/NiMH cycle mode. On the left side of the
second line, in the process is identified as either C>D or D>C. A blinking ―C‖
indicates charging, while a blinking ―D‖ indicates discharging.
You can stop the cycling process at any time by pressing Batt type/Stop.
Press Inc to display the cycle history (see the balance voltage information
& cyclic information) and press Dec to display the General Status
information.
During the waiting time of discharge-to-charge cycle mode, you can stop
the waiting process by pressing ―Start" button for three seconds!
-20-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
NiCd/NiMH forming charge
This forming charge program aims to eliminate capacity imbalance between cells in a battery.
The iCharger first charges with constant current (CC=1C) according to the user setting. When the charging
voltage reaches the peak threshold (1.48V/cell) it switches to the CV phase. In the CV phase the current
gradually falls. When the current drops to C/4 the iCharger will charge another 25% Capacity at C/10
current and then terminate the process.
NiMH Forming CHG
1.0Ah
7.2V(6S)
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
stop >3 seconds
NiMH 1.0A 10.45V
FRM 00993 59m:51
work
forming forming
state
capacity
time
forming battery
NiMH
current voltage
NiCd
The left side of the first line shows the type of battery (NiCd/NiMH). The
value on the left side of second line sets the cell capacity and the value on
the right side of second line sets the cell count and nominal voltage of the
battery pack. Press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start charging.
Forming capacity: 0.1 – 9.9Ah
Cell count: 1 – 25S
Forming status. You can stop the process at any time by pressing Batt
type/Stop, and display the General Status information by pressing Dec
button.
Note: In the first period (CV charging), it displays‖CHG‖/‖FRM‖ alternately in
Work State. It will display‖FRM‖ when in the second period (CC charging).
-21-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Pb (lead-acid) battery program
This program is for charging Pb (lead-acid) batteries with nominal voltages from 2 to 36V. Lead-acid, VRLA
or Gel batteries are totally different from NiCd or NiMH. They can only deliver relatively lower current
compared to their capacity and charging can only be done at relatively low rates compared to other
chemistries. The optimal charge current 01.C. Pb batteries must not be charged rapidly. Always follow the
instructions supplied by the battery manufacturer.
Charging a Pb battery
Pb CHARGE
1.0A
12.0V(6P)
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
Stop >3 seconds
Pb06 1.0A 10.45V
CHG 00993 59m:51
Charge Pb battery. The left side of the first line shows the type of battery
(Pb). The second line shows the charge current and number of cells you
selected. After setting the current and voltage press Start/Enter for more
than 3 seconds to start the charging.
Charge current: 0.05 – 10A
Battery cells: 1 – 18P (2 – 36V)
Status display. You can stop the charging process at any time by pressing
Batt type/Stop. Press Dec to display the General Status information.
work
charge charging
state
capacity
time
battery
battery
charge
of cell
current voltage
Note: iCharger 1010B+ can support Pb (lead-acid) foaming charge. First, you should start the setting of
―Trickle‖ in ―NiMH/NiCd/PbTrickle‖. It won‘t foam charge until the voltage is less than 2.25V/cell.
Discharging a Pb battery
Pb DISCHARGE
1.0A
12.0V(6P)
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
Stop >3 seconds
Pb06 1.0A 10.45V
DSC 00993 59m:51
work dischargedischarging
state
capacity
time
battery discharge battery
of cell
current voltage
Discharging Pb battery. The left side of the first line shows the type of
battery (Pb). The second line shows the charge current on the left and
number of cells on the right. After setting the current and voltage press
Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start the discharging.
Charge current: 0.05 – 7A
Battery cells: 1 – 18P (2 – 36V)
Status display. Press Start/Enter to adjust the discharge current And press
Inc or Dec to increase or decrease the charge current. Store the new
value by pressing Start/Enter again. You can stop the process at any time
by pressing Batt type/Stop. Press Dec to display the General Status
information.
-22-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Special modes program
Electric motor drive
You can easily break-in new brushed electric motors using a variable voltage and running time. Note that
the iCharger cannot directly drive brushless DC motors and that brushless motors do require or
benefit from a breaking-in process. With this function you also check the motor performance to optimize
your power-train. The break-in process is essential for maximizing the power of a new brushed motor. New
motors have square brushes which press up against the curved commutator. The goal for the break-in
process is to gentle shape the brushes so that they develop a curved surface that fits snugly against the
commutator giving greater conducting surface area and hence lower losses and higher efficiency.
MOTOR DRV
8.0A
The value on the right side of the first line sets the test duration in minutes.
The second line shows the upper limit of current on the left and drive
voltage on the right. After setting the current and voltage press Start/Enter
for more than 3 seconds to start the next process. A beep tone will sound.
Test time: 1 – 90 min, Current: 0.05 – 10A, Test voltage: 1 – 15V
10min
2.0V
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
Stop >3 seconds
MOTO 1.9A
DRV 00310
2.05V
3.8W
work
drive
power
state
capacity
or time
drive
drive
motor
current voltage
test
Status display. The top line shows the drive current and voltage. The
second line shows the output capacity (mAh) and in the lower right corner
alternately displays the output power or total run time. You can stop the test
at any time by pressing Batt type/Stop.
Foam-Cut drive
In this mode, the charger acts as a convenient power supply for a hot wire foam cutter.
FOAM CUT
5.0A
The value on the right side of the first line sets the run duration in minutes.
The second line shows the upper limit of current on the left and foam cut
voltage on the right. After setting the current and voltage press Start/Enter
for more than 3 seconds to start the process. A beep tone will sound.
Runing time: 0– 90 min(0 refers to stopping the process by yourself )
Current: 0.05 – 10A, voltage: 1 – 40V
10min
10.0V
+
+
Dec Inc
Dec Inc
Batt type Start/Enter
Stop >3 seconds
Status display. The top line shows the foam cut current and voltage. The
second line shows the state and in the lower right corner alternately
displays the output power or total run time. You can stop the test at any
time by pressing Batt type/Stop.
FOAM 5.0A 8.00V
CUT RUN>> 01m:10
Foam
state or
power
cut
set voltage or time
drive
drive
current voltage
Schematic Diagram
Work statement diagram
Ext- switch
Output
Foam cut
Hot wire
iCharger
OFF/ON
(Buzzer beeps every 10 seconds)
FOAM 5.0A 8.00V
CUT RUN>> 001:10
*Press START to toggle
*Running time over
*Press START
to toggle
FOAM 0.0A 0.00V
CUT STOP 000:00
*Ext-switch: OFF
*Connect: OFF
*Ext-switch: ON
*Connect: ON
(Voltage falls to around 0.5V)
FOAM 0.0A 0.50V
CUT DOWN 000:00
*Press INC/DEC
*No operation
for 3 sec
FOAM 5.0A 8.00V
CUT 8.1V 001:10
(Voltage step size: 0.1V)
-23-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Measuring internal resistance of the battery
In general, the internal resistance of a battery is not a fixed value. It varies over time as the battery loses
energy and also varies depending on the load, or how much current is drawn from the battery. One of the
urgent requirements of a battery is low internal resistance. Measured in milliohms, the internal resistance is
the gatekeeper that, to a large extent, determines the runtime. The lower the resistance, the less restriction
the battery encounters in delivering the needed power spikes.
The iCharger can not only measure the internal resistance of the battery pack, and also can measure the
per-cell internal resistance(only available for lithium battery).
Measure Internal
Resistance
Batt type Start/Enter
Stop >3 seconds
1: 21
4: 18
24
26
19mΩ
16mΩ
Inc
Dec
7: 20
A: 18
29
11mΩ
mΩ
Measure internal resistance. You can press Start/Enter for more than 3
seconds to start the process and stop at any time by pressing Batt
type/Stop.
The two lines show the first to the sixth cell‘s internal resistance, which is
only available for the lithium battery. Press Inc or Dec to display more
information of the seventh to the tenth cell‘s internal resistance. Press
Start/Enter to measure it again, and press Batt type/Stop to return to the
main menu.
The two lines show the seventh to the tenth cell‘s internal resistance,
which is only available for the lithium battery. Press Inc or Dec to
display the General Status information. Press Start/Enter to measure it
again, and press Batt type/Stop to return to the main menu.
Inc
Dec
Battery Pack IR
202mΩ
Status display. This screen displays the battery pack internal resistance.
Press Inc or Dec to display the General Status information. Press
Start/Enter to measure it again, and press Batt type/Stop to return to the
main menu.
Note: You can check the internal resistance by Present testing information; see detail information in Page
8.
-24-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Data save/load program
The iCharger has a storage and load program for your convenience. This feature can store up to 10 battery
datasets by number. Each dataset represent your settings for a particular set of batteries. Datasets can be
reloaded for charging or discharging to save having to re-enter all the parameter values again by hand.
Data save program
PROGRAM SELECT
Save settings
Batt type
stop
Start/Enter
SAVE SETTINGS 00
memory0_
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
+
Dec Inc
Save...
This screen displays the data save program. You can press Dec &
Start/Enter button for 3 seconds to enter this interface directly.
In the first line, number ―00‖ refers to the target memory number the user
wants to choose. In the second line, the ―memory0_‖ refers to the character
the user wants to input. Press Inc / Dec button to walk letters, and then
press Start/Enter button to confirm the chosen letter and moves to the nest
letter position, when you finish the character, press Start/Enter button twice
to confirm the character. You can delete a wrong chosen letter by pressing
Batt type/Stop button. Hold Start/Enter button for more than 3 seconds to
save the currently displayed name. Hold Batt type/Stop button to exit
without saving changes done.
Storage number: 00 – 09
Storing all of the current data into the specified memory location.
Data load program
PROGRAM SELECT
Load settings
Batt type
stop
Start/Enter
LOAD SETTINGS 00
memory0
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
Load...
This screen displays the data load program. You can press Inc &
Start/Enter button for 3 seconds to enter this interface directly.
+
Dec Inc
In the second line, ―memory0‖ refers to the source memory number the user
wants to choose. Press Start/Enter for more than 3 seconds to start the
process.
Memory location number: 00 – 09
Load all parameters values from the selected location.
Note: As for the ―LOAD SETTING‖ program. You can load in any of the numbers you have saved in the
―SAVE SETTING‖ from ―00-09‖, for example, when you finish the last setting of
NiMH FORMING CHG
1.0Ah
7.2V (6S)
then you save it as 01 in the saving settings, and in the load setting, when you set ―memory 01‖ and
press ‖Start‖ button to load, and then the interface will display the
NiMH FORMING CHG
1.0Ah
7.2V (6S)
And use the current information directly.
-25-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
General Status information
General Status Information
Voltage of Balance Port
Dec
Inc
End Voltage
16.80V
Dec
Capacity Cut-Off
ON
5000mAh
Dec
Safety timer
ON
120min
Dec
Temp Cut-Off
OFF
50℃
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
Change the
value
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
Change the
value
Start/Enter
>3 seconds
Change the
value
Dec
Ext.Temp
Int.Temp
30℃
40℃
1:4.01 4.03 4.07
4:4.02 4.05 4.04
Inc
7:4.01 4.03 4.07
A:4.02
Cycle Information
Inc
CHG 1
DCHG 1
00213mAh
00199mAh
Inc
Dec
CHG 2
DCHG 2
Input power
Voltage 11.80V
00203mAh
00197mAh
。
。
。
Note: Toggle back to the last
viewed parameter via the Dec
button, press Dec again to
move to the next parameter.
Warning and error in formation
The iCharger incorporates a wide range of protection and alarm functions to monitor the operation of the
charger. This includes verifying the internal state and the condition of its electronics. In the case of any error
being detected the screen displays the error cause and the charger generates 3 beeps. If the error occurs
during a charging, discharging or cycling process the error message and termination data will appear
alternately.
Termination at
-01245mAh 01h:32
Termination
power
Termination
time
When an error has been reported press Batt type/Stop to return to the
main menu. Press Inc or Dec to check the parameter value related to
the error. For example in the case of a temperature error you can check the
temperature that triggered the error. Press Start/Enter to return to the error
message screen. Expression ―-‖ refers to the discharged capacity to packs
-26-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Error messages
REVERSE POLARITY
CHECK
CONNECTION
CONNECTION
BREAK DOWN
The output is connected to a battery with incorrect polarity
This will be displayed when an interruption of the connection between
battery and the charger output has been detected during charging or
discharging.
SHORT ERROR
BREAK DOWN
A short-circuit at output. Please check the charging leads.
INPUT VOLTAGE
LOW VOLTAGE
The input voltage is below the limit set in the USER SET menu.
INPUT VOLTAGE
OVER VOLTAGE
The input voltage is over the limit (18V).
BALANCE PORT
CELL LOW VOL
The voltage of one of the cells in the Lithium battery pack is too low.
Please check the cell voltages one by one.
BALANCE PORT
CELL HIGH VOL
The voltage of one of the cells in the Lithium battery pack is too high.
Please check the cell voltages one by one.
BALANCE PORT
NOT CONNECT
In Balance charge mode, no battery is connected to the charger‘s balance
port.
BATTERY CHECK
LOW VOLTAGE
Without using the balance port, the cell count detected by the charger is
less than that set by the user.
Please check the cell count of the battery pack.
BATTERY CHECK
OVER VOLTAGE
Without using the balance port, the cell count detected by the charger is
higher than that set by the user.
Please check the cell count of the battery pack.
Int. TEMP OVER
CHG STOPPED
The internal temperature is over 65℃(149 oF). Cool down the unit.
Ext. TEMP OVER
CHG STOPPED
The external temperature sensor detects (battery) temperature above the
limit.
CAPACITY OVER
STOPPED
The capacity (mAh) charged or discharged reached the configured
protection limit.
SAFETY TIME OUT
STOPPED
The charge or discharge time reached the configured protection limit.
-27-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
USB port interpretation
Install USB driver
This release of the USB driver is contained on the iCharger 1010B+ software CD-ROM.
To install the USB driver, run the program X:\USB driver\iChargerUSBInstaller.exe (where X is the drive
letter designator for your CD-ROM drive.)
Charger firmware upgrade steps
 Install the iCharger USB driver
 Run the program X:\Upgrader\Upgrader.exe (you can download the Upgrader.exe software from the
following website: http://www.jun-si.com/UploadFiles/Upgrader.rar ).
 Connect the iCharger to the PC using the supplied USB cable, choose ―Device‖ in ―Device List‖, then
select the upgrade file (you can download the latest file). The progress bar will appear after you click
―Update…‖
Note: You must only ever use the supplied USB cable provided with your iCharger as this is a custom cable
with internal differences from other USB cables.
-28-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Use logview for 1010B+
First, gratitude to the development team of logview: http://www.logview.info
Communication steps:
 To install the software logview, start the procedure of X:\ logview \ LogViewInstaller.exe (here X is the
drive letter designator for the CD-ROM drive.)
 Connect the iCharger with PC (USB driver has been installed)
 Start logview , then follow the instructions in pictures
1) Please choose language first, since the default language is German. (Showed in picture 1)
2) Click DeviceChoose device and port . (Showed in picture 2)
3)
(1)
(2)
Choose iCharger1010+ in the following options, and then choose the correct communication Port.
(Showed in picture 3)
(3)
4) Start iCharger‘s charge or discharge mode, then click ―Start recording‖ to record data.
See other functions of this software on ―Help‖.
-29-
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Optional parts
Balance Connector Conversion Board
CB1010-XH
CB1010-EH
70 X 44mm
70 X 44mm
For Align/Dualshy pack etc.
For Kokam/Graupher pack etc.
CB1010-AQP
CB1010-TP
68 X 51mm
70 X 44mm
For Polyquest/Hyperion pack etc.
For Thunder power/Flight power packs etc.
Wire
BW-1111
TW-2
100mm
300mm
Balance board connector 11-11
Temperature sensor with magnet
OW-JST
OW-T
18AWG
300mm
16AWG
300mm
4mm banana gold plug to JST output wire
4mm banana gold plug to T plug output wire
Power supply
Specifications:
P350








15V 23A 350W
-30-
Input Voltage Range:
Input Frequency:
Output Voltage:
Output Current:
Operating Temperature:
Storage Temperature:
Dimension(L X W X H) :
Weight:
100-240VAC
50/60Hz
14.9-15.5VDC
0-23A
-10-40℃
-40-80℃
185 X 88 X 47mm
700g
iCharger Synchronous Balance Charger/Discharger
1010B+
Limited warranty


iCharger are guaranteed to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of one
calendar year from date of purchase. Your selling dealer is your first point of contact for warranty issues.
Return postage costs are the responsibility of the user in all cases. Submit copy of original receipt with
the return.
Damage due to physical shock (dropping on the floor, etc), inappropriate power supply (automotive
battery charger, etc), water, moisture, and humidity are specifically NOT covered by warranty. It is better
checking your charger carefully before considering returning it as problems in setup, cabling, or power
supply are much more common than defects in the charger. If there is damage stemming from these
causes within the stated warranty period, the company will, at its option, repair or replace the charger for
a service charge not greater than 50% of its then current retail list price.
Date of purchase/delivery:
Dealer:
Note: The manufacturer requires the user to be notified of any change or modification made to this device.
Enjoy the power!
V1.6
-31-
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