BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013

BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013
BP Statistical Review
of World Energy
June 2013
bp.com/statisticalreview
1
Introduction
1 Group chief executive’s introduction
2 2012 in review
6
Oil
6
8
15
16
18
Reserves
Production and consumption
Prices
Refining
Trade movements
20 Natural gas
20
22
27
28
Reserves
Production and consumption
Prices
Trade movements
30 Coal
30 Reserves and prices
32 Production and consumption
35 Nuclear energy
35 Consumption
36 Hydroelectricity
36 Consumption
38 Renewable energy
38 Other renewables consumption
39 Biofuels production
40 Primary energy
40 Consumption
41 Consumption by fuel
44 Appendices
44 Approximate conversion factors
44 Definitions
45 More information
About this
review
Contents
Introduction
For 62 years, the BP Statistical
Review of World Energy has
1
Group chief executive’s introduction
2
2012 in review
provided high-quality objective
and globally consistent data on
Oil
world energy markets. The review
6
Reserves
is one of the most widely
8
Production and consumption
respected and authoritative
15
Prices
16
Refining
publications in the field of energy
18
Trade movements
economics, used for reference
by the media, academia, world
Natural gas
governments and energy
20
Reserves
companies. A new edition is
22
Production and consumption
published every June.
27
Prices
28
Find out more online
BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013 is
available online at bp.com/statisticalreview.
The website contains all the tables and charts
found in the latest printed edition, plus a number
of extras, including:
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for natural gas, coal,
hydroelectricity, nuclear energy, electricity and
renewables.
• An energy charting tool, where you can view
predetermined reports or chart specific data
according to energy type, region and year.
• An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion
calculator.
• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of
the charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel
workbook of the historical data.
About BP
BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas
companies. We market our products in more than
70 countries and provide fuel for transportation,
retail brands and energy for heat and light.
Trade movements
Coal
30
32
Reserves and prices
Production and consumption
Nuclear energy
35
Consumption
Hydroelectricity
36
Consumption
Renewable energy
38
39
Other renewables consumption
Biofuels production
Primary energy
40
41
Consumption
Consumption by fuel
Appendices
44
44
45
Approximate conversion factors
Definitions
More information
Appendices
For approximate conversion factors
and definitions see page 44
Go online
You can view or order this review at
bp.com/statisticalreview
Join the conversation
Use #BPstats
Disclaimer
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2013 does not
necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved reserves at company
level, for instance, under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of Recommended Practice,
‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP)
or as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of
proved reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been compiled using a combination of primary official
sources and third-party data.
Group chief executive’s introduction
Energy in 2012 – adapting to a changing world
Welcome to the 62nd edition of the BP Statistical Review of World Energy.
Over the years, this review has established itself in the energy world as a valuable work of reference,
documenting the changing patterns in the way we produce and consume our energy.
It provides an annual opportunity to examine the latest data, country-by-country and fuel-by-fuel.
This helps us discern the important trends and assess the challenges and the opportunities that lie
before us. This edition of the review highlights the flexibility with which our global energy system
adapts to rapid global change.
The year 2012 saw a slowdown in the growth of energy consumption globally, partly as a result of the
economic slowdown but also because individuals and businesses have responded to high prices by
becoming more efficient in their use of energy. At the same time, the review shows that the supply
of energy is coming from an increasing diversity of sources as the world’s energy market continues
to adapt, innovate and evolve.
Brazil, China, the EU, India, Japan, Russia and the US all saw below-average growth in energy
consumption. Indeed, consumption growth of all forms of fossil energy was below average.
On the supply side, the most noticeable phenomenon remains the American shale revolution. In 2012,
the US recorded the largest oil and natural gas production increases in the world, and saw the largest
gain in oil production in its history.
2012 highlighted the
flexibility of the world’s
energy markets.
Elsewhere, for a second year, disruptions to oil supply in Africa and parts of the Middle East were offset
by growth among OPEC producers. Libyan production recovered strongly after the sharp drop in output
in 2011, and Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Qatar all produced at record levels. However, despite these
supply increases, oil prices reached another record high.
Coal remained the fastest-growing fossil fuel, with China consuming half of the world’s coal for the first
time – but it was also the fossil fuel that saw the weakest growth relative to its historical average.
Bob Dudley
While natural gas grew at a below-average rate, it was the only fossil fuel to see consumption growth
accelerate in 2012. Cheaper natural gas competed strongly with coal in North America, displacing it as
a power feedstock. Hydroelectric and renewable energy also competed strongly against coal globally;
renewables in power generation grew by 15%. However in Europe, where gas was more expensive,
coal was often the fuel of choice for power generation, while the LNG tankers that used to supply
Europe turned towards Asia.
Global nuclear power output had the largest decline ever, with Japanese output falling by nearly 90% as
the response to the tragedy at Fukushima continued to unfold. Fossil fuel imports rose to compensate.
In these and many other ways, 2012 highlighted the flexibility of the world’s energy market and the
innovative approaches that consumers and producers take in response to change.
Our mission as an industry is to find and produce the many forms of energy needed to meet growing
demand, safely and sustainably. This review will continue to chart our progress in fulfilling that mission
as well as helping to illuminate the options for our future direction.
It is a great source of information for people in government, industry, academia and elsewhere and
I hope that you will find it useful.
In concluding, let me thank BP’s economics team and all those around the world who have helped
prepare this review – in particular those in governments in many countries who contribute their
official data.
Bob Dudley
Group Chief Executive
June 2013
1
2012 in review
On the back of slower economic growth, global energy
consumption growth in 2012 slowed significantly.
Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia (above right).
Once again, all of the net growth took place in emerging economies, with China and India alone
accounting for nearly 90% of the net increase in global energy consumption. OECD consumption
declined for the fourth time in the past five years, led by a large decline in the US. Despite the
slowdown, consumption and production reached record levels for all fuels except nuclear power
and biofuels. The data suggests that growth in global CO2 emissions from energy use continued
in 2012, but at a slower rate than in 2011.
Energy price developments were mixed. Brent, the international crude oil benchmark, saw annual
average prices reach record levels (in money-of-the-day terms), although annual prices declined
slightly on an inflation-adjusted basis. Crude oil prices peaked in March following a decline in Iranian
exports, but eased thereafter in the face of rising output in the US, Libya, and other OPEC producers.
Oil production growth in the US was the largest in the world in 2012, and the largest in the country’s
history. In response, the differential between Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) reached
another record premium, although the gap began to narrow later in the year as infrastructure
bottlenecks in the US eased.
Natural gas prices rose in Europe and Asia, but fell in North America, where rising US natural gas
output pushed gas prices to record discounts against both crude oil and international gas prices.
Coal prices declined in all regions.
+1.8%
Growth in global primary
energy consumption.
2
Energy developments
World primary energy consumption grew by 1.8% in 2012, well below the 10-year average of 2.6%.
Consumption in OECD countries fell by 1.2%, led by a decline of 2.8% in the US (the world’s largest
decline in volumetric terms). Non-OECD consumption grew by 4.2%, below the 10-year average
of 5.3%. Global consumption growth was below average for each fossil fuel and for nuclear power;
regionally growth was below average everywhere except Africa. Oil remains the world’s leading
fuel, at 33.1% of global energy consumption, but it also continued to lose market share for the 13th
consecutive year and its current market share is the lowest in our data set, which begins in 1965.
Oil
-1.3%
Decline in OECD oil consumption, the sixth
decrease in the past seven years.
+1million b/d
Growth of US oil production, the largest
in the world.
Dated Brent averaged $111.67 per barrel in 2012, an increase of $0.40 per barrel from the 2011 level.
The loss of Iranian supplies was more than offset by growth in the US, the recovery in Libyan
production, and increases in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in OPEC.
Global oil consumption grew by 890,000 barrels per day (b/d), or 0.9%, below the historical average.
Oil had the weakest global growth rate among fossil fuels for the third consecutive year. OECD
consumption declined by 1.3% (530,000 b/d), the sixth decrease in the past seven years; the OECD
now accounts for just 50.2% of global consumption, the smallest share on record. Outside
the OECD, consumption grew by 1.4 million b/d, or 3.3%. China again recorded the largest increment
to global consumption (+470,000 b/d, +5%) although the growth rate was below the 10-year average.
Japanese consumption grew by 250,000 b/d (+6.3%), the strongest growth increment since 1994.
Light distillates were the fastest-growing refined product category by volume for the first time
since 2009.
Global oil production, in contrast, increased by 1.9 million b/d, or 2.2%. OPEC accounted for about
three-quarters of the global increase despite a decline in Iranian output (-680,000 b/d) due to
international sanctions. Libyan output (+1 million b/d) nearly regained all of the ground lost in 2011.
For a second consecutive year, output reached record levels in Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Qatar.
Iraq and Kuwait also registered significant increases. Non-OPEC output grew by 490,000 b/d, with
increases in the US (+1 million b/d), Canada, Russia and China offsetting unexpected outages in
Sudan/South Sudan (-340,000 b/d) and Syria (-160,000 b/d), as well as declines in mature provinces
such as the United Kingdom and Norway.
Global refinery crude runs increased by a below-average 480,000 b/d, or 0.6%. Non-OECD countries
accounted for two-thirds of the net increase, rising by 320,000 b/d. OECD throughputs grew by
160,000 b/d, with continued throughput declines in Europe more than offset by throughput increases
in North America, where the US consolidated its position as a net product exporter. Global refinery
capacity utilization improved to 82.4%; global refining capacity increased by a modest 360,000 b/d
overall, but large capacity additions East of Suez were largely offset by substantial capacity reductions
in and around the Atlantic Basin.
Global oil trade in 2012 grew by 1.3%, or 0.7 million b/d. At 55.3 million b/d, trade accounted for 62% of
global consumption, up from 57% a decade ago. The relatively small global increase hides large regional
changes. US net imports fell by 930,000 b/d and are now 36% below their 2005 peak. Conversely,
China’s net oil imports grew by 610,000 b/d, 86% of the global increase. Growth in net exports from
Canada and North Africa, together with reduced US oil import dependence, offset declining exports
from several regions.
Discoverer Luanda drill ship, Angola (right).
3
Natural gas
-0.9%
The first decline on record
for global LNG trade.
23.9%
Natural gas’s share of global
primary energy consumption.
World natural gas consumption grew by 2.2%, below the historical average of 2.7%. Consumption
growth was above average in South & Central America, Africa, and North America, where the US
(+4.1%) recorded the largest increment in the world. In Asia, China (+9.9%) and Japan (+10.3%) were
responsible for the next-largest growth increments. These increases were partly offset by declines
in the EU (-2.3%) and the Former Soviet Union (FSU) (-2.6%). Globally, natural gas accounted for 23.9%
of primary energy consumption. OECD consumption grew more rapidly than non-OECD consumption
for the first time since 2000.
Global natural gas production grew by 1.9%. The US (+4.7%) once again recorded the largest
volumetric increase and remained the world’s largest producer. Norway (+12.6%), Qatar (+7.8%), and
Saudi Arabia (+11.1%) also saw significant production increases, while Russia (-2.7%) had the world’s
largest decline in volumetric terms.
Global natural gas trade was very weak, growing by just 0.1% in 2012. Pipeline shipments grew by
0.5%, with declines in net Russian exports (-12%) partly offset by growth in Norwegian exports (+12%).
US net pipeline imports dropped by 18.8%. Global LNG trade fell for the first time on record (-0.9%):
a decline in net European LNG imports (-28.2%) was offset by net increases in Asia (+22.8%). Among
exporters, an increase in Qatari (+4.7%) shipments was nearly offset by a decline in Indonesia (-14.7%).
LNG’s share of global gas trade declined slightly to 31.7%.
Rowan EXL II drill rig, offshore Trinidad (above).
4
Other fuels
50.2%
China’s share of global
coal consumption.
-89%
Decline in Japanese
nuclear output.
4.7%
Share of global power generation
met by renewables.
Coal consumption grew by 2.5% in 2012, well below the 10-year average of 4.4% but still the
fastest-growing fossil fuel. Consumption outside the OECD rose by a below-average 5.4%; Chinese
consumption growth was a below-average 6.1%, but China still accounted for all of the net growth in
global coal consumption, and China accounted for more than half of global coal consumption for the
first time. OECD consumption declined by 4.2% with losses in the US (-11.9%) offsetting increases
in Europe and Japan. Global coal production grew by 2%, with growth in China (+3.5%) and Indonesia
(+9%) offsetting a decline in the US (-7.5%). Coal reached the highest share of global primary energy
consumption (29.9%) since 1970.
Global nuclear output fell by 6.9%, the largest decline on record for a second consecutive year;
Japanese output fell by 89%, accounting for 82% of the global decline. Nuclear output accounted for
4.5% of global energy consumption, the smallest share since 1984. Global hydroelectric output grew
by an above-average 4.3%, with China accounting for all of the net increase. Hydroelectric output
reached 6.7% of global energy consumption, the highest share on record.
Renewable energy sources saw mixed results in 2012. Global biofuels production recorded the first
decline since 2000 (-0.4%, or -0.1 mtoe), due to a decline in the US (-4.3% or -1.2 mtoe). In contrast,
renewable energy used in power generation grew by 15.2%, slower year-on-year growth for the
first time since 2008 but still slightly above the historical average. Wind energy (+18.1%), accounted
for more than half of renewable power generation growth, with China (+34.6%) accounting for the
largest increment in wind generation. Solar power generation grew even more rapidly (+58%), but
from a smaller base. Renewable forms of energy accounted for 2.4% of global energy consumption,
up from 0.8% in 2002; renewables in power generation accounted for a record 4.7% of global
power generation.
Additional information – including historical time series for the fuels reported in this review; further detail
on renewable forms of energy; electricity generation; and CO2 emissions from energy use – is available
at bp.com/statisticalreview.
Acknowledgements
We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide who provide the publicly
available data for this publication, and to the researchers at the Heriot-Watt University Energy Academy
who assist in the data compilation.
In detail
Additional information is available at
bp.com/statisticalreview
5
Oil
Proved reserves
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC ‡
European Union#
Former Soviet Union
Canadian oil sands: Total
of which: Under active development
Venezuela: Orinoco Belt
*More than 100 years.
At end 1992
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 2002
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 2011
Thousand
million
barrels
Thousand
million
tonnes
31.2
39.6
51.2
122.1
2.0
5.0
3.2
3.2
0.8
0.5
63.3
0.6
78.8
n/a
0.7
0.6
n/a
9.7
1.2
n/a
n/a
4.6
n/a
61.3
78.3
92.9
100.0
96.5
4.7
3.1
261.2
3.0
98.1
2.0
0.1
661.6
9.2
1.3
–
0.7
3.4
0.3
0.8
22.8
21.0
–
0.3
0.5
0.8
61.1
3.2
1.1
15.2
5.9
5.6
5.1
0.2
0.3
0.9
37.5
1039.3
142.7
896.6
772.7
207.1
8.3
59.6
32.4
3.0
–
30.7
180.4
17.2
228.3
2.8
9.8
1.6
5.1
1.0
1.1
77.3
1.6
100.3
7.0
1.3
0.8
5.4
10.4
0.5
76.1
0.5
4.5
0.6
2.2
109.3
130.7
115.0
96.5
5.7
27.6
262.8
2.3
97.8
2.9
0.1
741.3
11.3
8.9
0.9
1.5
3.5
1.1
2.4
36.0
34.3
–
0.6
0.5
0.6
101.6
4.6
1.1
15.5
5.6
4.7
4.5
0.7
2.8
1.1
40.6
1321.5
251.2
1070.3
903.3
327.9
8.0
90.3
174.4
11.6
–
35.0
174.6
11.4
221.0
2.5
15.0
2.0
7.2
1.2
0.8
297.6
0.5
326.9
7.0
0.8
1.4
30.0
6.9
0.6
87.1
0.6
3.1
0.6
2.2
140.3
154.6
143.1
101.5
5.5
23.9
265.4
2.5
97.8
3.0
0.7
797.9
12.2
10.5
1.5
1.6
4.3
1.7
2.0
48.0
37.2
–
5.0
0.4
2.2
126.6
3.9
1.1
17.3
5.7
3.7
3.7
0.4
4.4
1.1
41.4
1654.1
238.5
1415.6
1199.0
329.4
6.9
125.8
168.6
25.5
220.0
4.2
28.0
1.6
33.8
0.3
2.2
0.3
1.2
0.2
0.1
46.5
0.1
50.9
1.0
0.1
0.2
3.9
0.9
0.1
11.9
0.1
0.4
0.1
0.3
19.0
21.6
20.2
14.0
0.7
2.5
36.5
0.3
13.0
0.4
0.1
109.3
1.5
1.7
0.2
0.2
0.6
0.2
0.3
6.3
5.0
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.5
17.3
0.4
0.1
2.4
0.8
0.5
0.5
0.1
0.6
0.1
5.5
235.8
36.0
199.7
169.9
48.8
0.9
17.1
27.3
4.2
35.3
At end 2012
Thousand
million
Share
barrels
of total
35.0
173.9
11.4
220.2
2.5
15.3
2.2
8.2
1.2
0.8
297.6
0.5
328.4
7.0
0.7
1.4
30.0
7.5
0.6
87.2
0.6
3.1
0.6
2.1
140.8
157.0
150.0
101.5
5.5
23.9
265.9
2.5
97.8
3.0
0.6
807.7
12.2
12.7
1.5
1.6
4.3
1.7
2.0
48.0
37.2
3.5
1.5
0.4
3.7
130.3
3.9
1.1
17.3
5.7
3.7
3.7
0.4
4.4
1.1
41.5
1668.9
238.3
1430.7
1211.9
331.0
6.8
126.0
167.8
25.9
220.0
2.1%
10.4%
0.7%
13.2%
0.1%
0.9%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
◆
17.8%
◆
19.7%
0.4%
◆
0.1%
1.8%
0.4%
◆
5.2%
◆
0.2%
◆
0.1%
8.4%
9.4%
9.0%
6.1%
0.3%
1.4%
15.9%
0.1%
5.9%
0.2%
◆
48.4%
0.7%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
2.9%
2.2%
0.2%
0.1%
◆
0.2%
7.8%
0.2%
0.1%
1.0%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
◆
0.3%
0.1%
2.5%
100.0%
14.3%
85.7%
72.6%
19.8%
0.4%
7.5%
R/P
ratio
10.7
*
10.7
38.7
10.2
19.5
6.4
44.6
31.5
18.8
*
9.7
*
21.9
9.7
33.7
47.4
10.7
19.1
22.4
7.4
8.8
24.0
14.8
22.4
*
*
88.7
16.3
33.2
63.0
41.7
79.1
45.4
8.4
78.1
20.0
19.4
40.7
14.8
16.1
16.5
22.3
86.9
42.1
*
50.0
17.9
43.0
37.7
23.4
19.0
11.4
17.5
11.1
15.6
2.7
34.5
10.5
13.6
52.9
33.4
58.6
88.5
25.8
12.1
25.2
◆
Less than 0.05%.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
#Excludes Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 1992.
Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas Journal and an
independent estimate of Russian and Chinese reserves based on information in the public domain.
Canadian oil sands ‘under active development’ are an official estimate. Venezuelan Orinoco Belt reserves are based on the OPEC Secretariat and government announcements.
Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil.
Shares of total and R/P ratios are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.
6
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
History
2012 by region
150
160
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World
120
150
140
130
120
110
100
90
90
80
70
60
60
50
40
30
30
20
10
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle
East
Africa
Asia
Pacific
0
82
87
92
97
02
07
12
0
World proved oil reserves at the end of 2012 reached 1668.9 billion barrels, sufficient to meet 52.9 years of global production. An increase in official Iraqi reserves was
the single largest addition, adding 6.9 billion barrels. OPEC members continue to dominate, holding 72.6% of the global total. South & Central America continues to
hold the highest R/P ratio. Global proved reserves have increased by 26%, or nearly 350 billion barrels, over the past decade.
Distribution of proved reserves in 1992, 2002 and 2012
Percentage
Middle East
S. & Cent. America
North America
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
Asia Pacific
2.5
48.4
7.8
3.1
56.1
8.4
7.7
5.9
3.6 63.7
2002
Total 1321.5
thousand million
barrels
7.5
11.7
2012
Total 1668.9
thousand million
barrels
8.3
1992
Total 1039.3
thousand million
barrels
13.2
17.3
7.6
7.6
19.7
7
Production*
Thousand barrels daily
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC ‡
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
7626
2858
3593
14077
899
1497
578
394
95
161
2974
149
6747
307
371
115
1021
3333
128
7755
183
2495
153
487
16346
3580
2116
2032
900
803
8907
677
2439
457
48
21960
1653
905
–
227
751
230
256
1375
2087
–
241
74
136
7937
737
210
3351
800
1289
740
210
356
190
7882
74948
21480
53469
29266
36118
3365
9565
7362
3003
3795
14160
900
1548
541
420
89
175
2868
149
6691
308
368
116
1111
3264
124
8602
203
2288
151
495
17029
4002
1344
2370
822
949
10141
652
2722
451
48
23501
1826
870
24
208
750
266
274
1485
2233
–
265
68
141
8408
624
214
3406
802
1176
760
244
361
192
7779
77568
21165
56402
31231
35808
3153
10530
7244
3080
3830
14154
868
1537
528
528
86
165
3305
144
7161
309
390
113
1283
3180
120
9335
194
2056
138
482
17600
4201
2030
2523
783
1082
10458
487
2836
424
48
24873
1921
1103
168
217
701
351
273
1623
2430
–
301
71
165
9322
542
210
3486
816
1130
776
241
424
233
7858
80968
20766
60203
34040
35515
2924
11414
6903
3041
3766
13709
839
1699
526
534
92
181
3308
146
7325
445
377
127
1330
2961
114
9598
193
1838
115
454
17551
4184
1833
2668
777
1149
10931
448
2922
421
185
25518
1990
1404
173
239
672
358
270
1745
2502
–
305
73
172
9902
553
206
3642
785
1096
757
297
389
284
8008
82014
19870
62144
35170
35010
2680
11835
6828
3208
3689
13725
838
1804
529
538
97
193
3336
140
7474
646
342
120
1403
2772
105
9818
187
1662
114
445
17615
4260
1999
2737
740
1241
10671
421
3099
387
182
25736
1979
1421
153
271
704
342
242
1816
2392
–
331
70
224
9945
534
221
3711
809
1018
713
325
355
303
7988
82482
19452
63030
35489
34676
2442
12318
6862
3290
3479
13631
813
1833
531
513
96
166
3230
142
7324
856
311
122
1453
2551
100
10044
199
1663
104
442
17843
4303
2143
2663
713
1279
10268
404
3001
341
190
25304
1992
1684
144
221
698
350
246
1820
2265
–
468
97
193
10179
551
194
3742
809
972
742
341
334
318
8003
82285
19147
63138
35161
34321
2409
12803
6783
3207
3165
13156
772
1895
588
507
99
174
3222
138
7395
895
287
108
1526
2466
99
9950
208
1568
102
420
17630
4396
2428
2786
759
1449
10663
406
3026
315
188
26415
1969
1901
127
235
715
347
240
1820
2113
–
480
89
190
10226
556
175
3814
809
1006
741
362
311
338
8111
82932
18461
64471
36279
33830
2258
12824
7263
3202
2978
13444
743
2024
671
488
107
153
3033
134
7353
1014
265
95
1664
2351
94
10139
211
1480
95
409
17817
4249
2452
2511
815
1416
9663
401
2723
306
192
24728
1774
1804
118
269
730
307
241
1652
2211
–
475
83
183
9848
559
168
3805
796
994
701
376
342
330
8071
81261
18496
62765
33977
34015
2111
13269
7552
3332
2959
13843
722
2137
786
488
113
148
2838
134
7367
1023
249
106
1740
2137
90
10365
217
1357
78
394
17755
4356
2490
2536
867
1676
10075
385
2895
291
192
25763
1698
1863
122
294
725
274
255
1659
2523
–
465
80
167
10123
576
172
4077
873
1003
703
388
312
315
8420
83272
18560
64712
35097
34617
1966
13558
7868
3526
2940
14335
687
2193
915
501
110
140
2766
137
7449
919
225
110
1758
2040
89
10510
217
1114
77
394
17451
4358
2801
2880
891
1836
11144
327
3319
228
203
27988
1684
1726
114
293
727
252
254
479
2460
–
453
68
232
8742
496
165
4074
903
952
640
397
317
301
8246
84210
18607
65603
35954
34648
1707
13609
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
8905
13.9%
3741
6.8%
2911
-0.7%
15557
8.9%
664
-3.8%
2149
-2.0%
944
3.2%
505
0.8%
107
-3.0%
121 -13.7%
2725
-1.5%
145
4.5%
7359
-1.2%
872
-5.2%
207
-8.0%
112
1.4%
1728
-1.6%
1916
-7.0%
86
-2.8%
10643
1.2%
222
2.5%
967 -13.4%
68 -12.0%
390
-0.7%
17211
-1.4%
3680 -16.2%
3115
11.2%
3127
8.9%
922
3.5%
1966
6.3%
11530
3.7%
164 -49.9%
3380
1.6%
180 -21.4%
206
1.3%
28270
0.9%
1667
-0.9%
1784
3.4%
101 -11.3%
296
0.8%
728
0.1%
283
13.4%
245
-3.5%
1509 215.1%
2417
-1.9%
31
–
82 -81.9%
65
-4.7%
234
1.0%
9442
7.7%
458
-8.6%
158
-4.3%
4155
2.0%
894
-0.9%
918
-3.9%
657
2.6%
440
9.1%
348
9.8%
285
-4.9%
8313
0.7%
86152
2.2%
19495
4.9%
66657
1.5%
37405
3.9%
35088
1.2%
1538
-9.9%
13659
0.4%
9.6%
4.4%
3.5%
17.5%
0.8%
2.7%
1.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
3.4%
0.2%
9.2%
1.1%
0.2%
0.1%
2.0%
2.1%
0.1%
12.8%
0.3%
1.1%
0.1%
0.5%
20.3%
4.2%
3.7%
3.7%
1.1%
2.0%
13.3%
0.2%
3.7%
0.2%
0.2%
32.5%
1.8%
2.1%
0.1%
0.4%
0.9%
0.3%
0.3%
1.7%
2.8%
2012
◆
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
10.9%
0.5%
0.2%
5.0%
1.0%
1.1%
0.7%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
9.6%
100.0%
21.9%
78.1%
43.2%
40.5%
1.8%
16.3%
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.
◆Less than 0.05%.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
8
Consumption*
Thousand barrels daily
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
19761
2172
1864
23797
394
2031
225
221
146
146
25
660
1156
5004
270
73
142
650
88
172
197
222
1953
2697
406
139
179
1915
169
51
934
216
430
332
220
2559
75
1493
346
264
643
81
282
1700
131
535
19563
1486
260
285
84
1668
412
1257
5452
221
524
480
1342
2568
844
80
5262
267
2413
1184
5357
561
139
356
330
739
2320
957
798
205
275
22086
78470
48322
30149
14708
3593
20033
2228
1909
24170
405
1973
228
222
151
139
24
535
1184
4860
292
84
141
688
95
184
189
235
1952
2648
396
131
175
1900
183
50
946
232
441
311
194
2679
70
1539
352
257
641
91
295
1723
162
567
19842
1581
267
334
95
1780
453
1176
5686
230
540
497
1380
2646
854
83
5771
269
2485
1210
5461
561
145
319
329
689
2340
998
863
220
284
22880
80085
48915
31170
14759
3791
20732
2309
1983
25023
425
2050
244
225
155
152
25
582
1200
5059
283
88
144
680
92
202
185
221
1963
2619
426
136
181
1850
196
53
983
221
469
315
224
2660
67
1575
339
255
655
88
310
1766
149
601
19998
1639
251
374
106
1913
484
1258
6026
239
556
513
1459
2767
863
86
6738
313
2556
1278
5308
585
150
324
336
763
2294
1043
930
263
293
24124
82996
49687
33309
14891
3805
20802
2288
2030
25119
449
2097
250
230
169
152
26
623
1189
5185
287
106
145
679
102
210
196
229
1946
2592
424
158
191
1798
204
57
1039
224
487
324
218
2679
80
1594
339
260
662
90
296
1806
100
624
20142
1705
257
411
121
2013
493
1335
6335
250
617
514
1531
2911
896
89
6944
285
2606
1263
5391
580
151
311
314
830
2312
1053
959
258
296
24535
84228
50064
34164
15021
3798
20687
2295
2019
25002
471
2134
278
235
180
147
29
658
1202
5332
291
96
162
671
105
207
198
222
1942
2609
442
168
191
1791
210
58
1047
229
512
294
214
2761
72
1592
344
266
696
85
308
1788
101
640
20311
1826
251
378
134
2084
527
1248
6449
258
602
528
1532
2920
929
89
7439
305
2737
1234
5210
615
153
354
284
884
2320
1043
973
254
302
25124
85138
49880
35259
15023
3906
20680
2361
2067
25109
523
2286
358
234
183
153
34
662
1219
5651
276
91
150
676
103
205
200
223
1911
2380
435
168
195
1740
233
58
1065
237
531
296
218
2777
76
1613
342
241
716
95
338
1716
93
663
20062
1868
264
383
150
2203
565
1263
6696
286
642
549
1590
3068
936
86
7823
324
2941
1271
5053
672
154
387
301
963
2399
1096
984
283
317
25989
86575
49682
36893
14700
3981
19490
2315
2054
23860
534
2439
372
234
188
172
37
746
1171
5892
274
74
168
747
102
209
196
222
1889
2502
425
164
187
1661
229
63
991
228
549
278
216
2862
82
1557
332
256
681
104
322
1683
91
673
20017
1962
259
405
171
2378
586
1425
7185
309
687
528
1694
3218
949
84
7947
293
3077
1263
4882
661
154
388
266
1015
2308
992
994
300
307
25881
86052
48070
37983
14610
4059
18769
2195
1995
22959
522
2467
367
241
191
176
35
755
1167
5921
264
73
188
650
92
204
178
209
1822
2409
405
154
166
1563
188
54
971
236
549
263
195
2772
79
1473
307
260
683
96
287
1610
88
663
19149
1996
244
453
173
2592
576
1492
7526
327
726
517
1734
3302
943
78
8229
334
3237
1316
4429
662
148
414
283
1083
2339
987
1071
304
349
26205
85064
46042
39021
13880
3889
19134
2316
2014
23464
557
2676
329
257
220
187
39
766
1192
6222
276
71
146
672
82
194
176
219
1763
2445
368
146
158
1532
196
55
977
235
576
259
184
2892
82
1394
321
242
694
93
281
1588
75
665
19057
1936
236
489
212
2790
631
1567
7861
327
766
547
1822
3463
962
86
9272
362
3319
1426
4473
672
150
411
286
1193
2370
1028
1076
329
351
27766
87833
46460
41373
13741
3963
18949
2404
2043
23397
598
2740
367
271
226
203
33
764
1203
6405
259
89
180
662
80
193
169
204
1742
2369
347
140
141
1475
242
53
971
240
574
240
191
3089
81
1377
305
235
673
97
277
1532
80
668
18974
1878
249
466
235
2835
699
1629
7992
345
718
547
1749
3359
1007
108
9750
364
3488
1549
4465
682
149
417
279
1246
2394
951
1171
358
376
28754
88879
46117
42762
13377
4261
18555
2412
2074
23040
612
2805
376
274
234
212
33
781
1205
6533
257
93
182
636
80
194
160
190
1687
2358
313
129
130
1345
265
53
933
247
542
226
182
3174
73
1278
295
238
685
100
282
1468
82
668
18543
1971
289
476
250
2935
720
1714
8354
367
744
561
1850
3523
1019
114
10221
360
3652
1565
4714
697
149
402
282
1255
2458
939
1212
361
382
29781
89774
45587
44187
12796
4391
-2.3%
-0.9%
2.3%
-1.8%
2.3%
2.5%
1.9%
1.0%
3.6%
3.2%
0.2%
2.5%
0.2%
2.0%
-1.2%
5.4%
1.1%
-5.4%
0.1%
0.2%
-6.3%
-6.2%
-3.6%
-0.7%
-9.5%
-7.7%
-7.7%
-9.2%
10.2%
-1.2%
-4.5%
1.3%
-5.8%
-6.2%
-3.6%
2.5%
-9.3%
-7.2%
-4.8%
1.6%
2.3%
3.3%
1.9%
-4.0%
2.1%
-0.3%
-2.5%
4.3%
17.8%
2.5%
2.5%
3.9%
2.2%
5.3%
4.5%
6.9%
4.4%
2.6%
5.8%
5.1%
0.9%
6.3%
5.0%
-1.2%
5.0%
0.4%
6.3%
2.1%
-0.1%
-4.2%
0.7%
0.4%
2.5%
-1.8%
3.6%
0.7%
1.3%
3.7%
0.9%
-1.3%
3.3%
-4.6%
2.9%
19.8%
2.5%
2.2%
24.6%
0.7%
3.0%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
◆
0.9%
1.4%
7.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
2.0%
2.7%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
1.6%
0.3%
0.1%
1.1%
0.3%
0.6%
0.3%
0.2%
3.6%
0.1%
1.5%
0.3%
0.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.3%
1.7%
0.1%
0.8%
21.3%
2.2%
0.3%
0.5%
0.2%
3.1%
0.8%
2.0%
9.1%
0.4%
0.9%
0.7%
2.1%
4.0%
1.1%
0.1%
11.7%
0.4%
4.2%
1.7%
5.3%
0.7%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%
1.6%
2.6%
1.0%
1.3%
0.4%
0.4%
33.6%
100.0%
50.2%
49.8%
14.8%
5.0%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute
fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
◆Less
9
Production*
Million tonnes
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC ‡
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
342.0
132.6
177.8
652.4
43.1
78.4
30.4
21.1
4.9
8.0
152.8
7.7
346.4
15.3
18.1
5.5
48.2
157.9
6.1
383.7
9.0
115.7
7.2
23.6
790.3
177.5
103.9
98.9
44.6
37.4
425.2
33.7
112.5
21.6
2.3
1057.5
70.9
44.6
–
11.7
37.2
11.1
12.8
64.6
101.7
–
11.9
3.5
6.8
376.8
33.4
10.3
166.9
37.2
63.3
34.2
8.1
17.3
8.7
379.3
3602.7
1000.1
2602.6
1411.0
1721.5
158.0
470.2
332.3
140.2
188.2
660.7
42.8
81.1
28.5
22.5
4.6
8.7
147.5
7.8
343.3
15.4
17.9
5.6
52.4
153.9
5.9
425.7
10.0
105.8
7.1
24.0
823.7
198.5
66.0
115.6
40.7
43.8
486.2
32.4
126.2
21.2
2.3
1133.0
79.0
42.8
1.2
10.7
37.1
12.7
13.7
69.8
109.0
–
13.1
3.2
7.0
399.3
27.8
10.5
169.6
37.3
57.6
35.4
9.5
17.6
8.8
374.2
3734.3
988.7
2745.6
1506.9
1709.5
147.9
517.8
325.1
144.8
190.0
659.9
40.9
80.6
27.9
28.3
4.4
8.2
170.1
7.4
367.8
15.5
19.1
5.5
60.6
150.3
5.7
463.3
9.6
95.2
6.6
23.4
854.6
208.2
99.9
123.4
38.9
50.0
500.4
24.3
132.0
20.0
2.3
1199.4
83.6
54.5
8.8
11.2
34.8
16.5
13.7
76.5
119.0
–
14.9
3.4
8.2
445.1
24.0
10.3
174.1
38.2
55.6
36.3
9.3
20.7
10.4
378.8
3905.5
970.0
2935.6
1645.9
1696.9
137.5
562.7
309.1
142.3
186.5
637.9
39.4
88.7
27.7
28.6
4.5
9.0
169.7
7.4
374.9
22.2
18.4
6.1
62.6
138.7
5.4
474.8
9.5
84.6
5.4
22.0
849.8
206.4
89.9
130.4
38.5
52.6
521.3
22.3
135.8
19.8
9.1
1226.0
86.4
68.9
9.1
12.3
33.2
16.4
13.5
82.2
122.1
–
15.0
3.4
8.6
471.1
24.2
10.1
181.4
36.6
53.7
34.6
11.4
19.0
12.4
383.3
3943.1
924.8
3018.3
1694.2
1667.1
125.6
581.8
304.7
150.6
182.5
637.8
39.1
93.7
27.9
28.8
4.6
9.6
171.0
7.1
381.8
32.3
16.7
5.8
66.1
129.0
5.0
485.6
9.2
76.5
5.4
21.7
853.2
209.2
98.0
133.7
36.6
56.8
508.9
21.0
144.3
18.1
8.9
1235.7
86.2
69.3
8.0
14.0
34.5
15.6
12.1
85.3
116.6
–
16.3
3.3
11.2
472.3
23.3
10.8
184.8
37.8
50.2
32.7
12.5
17.2
13.1
382.4
3963.3
903.7
3059.7
1708.2
1649.5
114.4
605.6
305.2
155.3
172.2
632.7
38.0
95.2
28.0
27.5
4.6
8.2
165.5
7.2
374.2
42.6
15.2
5.9
68.4
118.6
4.7
496.8
9.8
76.7
4.9
21.6
865.2
210.9
105.1
129.9
35.3
57.9
488.9
20.1
139.6
15.9
9.3
1213.0
86.5
82.1
7.5
11.4
33.8
15.9
12.3
85.3
110.2
–
23.1
4.6
9.7
482.2
24.3
9.5
186.3
37.9
47.8
33.8
13.2
16.3
13.9
383.1
3950.4
889.0
3061.3
1689.2
1631.7
113.1
629.4
302.3
152.9
156.9
612.0
36.5
98.8
31.1
27.2
4.7
8.7
165.6
7.1
379.7
44.5
14.0
5.2
72.0
114.7
4.7
493.7
10.3
72.0
4.8
20.6
856.6
214.5
119.3
136.1
37.7
65.0
509.9
20.3
141.4
14.8
9.3
1268.2
85.6
93.1
6.7
12.1
34.7
16.1
12.0
85.5
102.8
–
23.7
4.2
9.5
486.0
24.8
8.6
190.4
37.9
49.4
34.0
14.0
15.2
14.8
389.3
3991.8
858.6
3133.2
1746.0
1613.8
105.7
632.0
322.4
152.8
146.7
621.9
34.9
105.6
35.3
26.1
4.8
7.6
155.7
6.9
376.9
50.4
12.9
4.6
78.2
108.8
4.5
500.8
10.4
68.2
4.5
19.9
863.1
205.5
119.9
121.2
40.3
62.4
456.7
20.0
126.2
14.3
9.4
1176.1
77.2
87.6
6.2
13.9
35.3
14.2
12.0
77.4
106.6
–
23.4
4.0
9.2
466.8
24.6
8.3
189.5
37.2
48.4
32.2
14.6
16.7
14.4
385.8
3890.6
855.9
3034.7
1622.5
1617.1
99.1
651.0
332.9
160.3
145.6
638.8
34.0
111.4
41.4
26.1
5.1
7.4
145.7
6.9
377.9
50.8
12.2
5.1
81.6
98.9
4.3
511.8
10.7
62.8
3.6
19.2
861.0
208.8
121.5
122.5
42.9
72.1
473.8
19.2
133.3
13.5
9.4
1217.2
74.1
90.5
6.4
15.1
35.0
12.6
12.7
77.7
121.3
–
22.9
3.8
8.3
480.6
25.4
8.5
203.0
40.8
48.6
32.0
14.8
15.3
13.8
402.3
3977.8
857.5
3120.3
1667.6
1645.3
92.5
664.8
345.7
170.4
144.5
660.7
32.2
114.2
48.2
26.8
4.9
6.9
141.5
7.0
381.7
45.6
10.9
5.3
82.4
93.8
4.2
518.5
10.7
51.9
3.6
19.2
846.1
208.2
136.7
139.7
44.1
78.2
526.0
16.3
151.3
10.6
10.0
1321.0
73.5
83.8
6.0
15.1
35.3
11.6
12.7
22.5
118.2
–
22.3
3.2
11.5
415.7
21.7
8.1
202.9
42.3
46.3
28.9
14.8
15.5
13.1
393.6
4018.8
858.4
3160.4
1706.2
1645.8
80.8
666.7
394.9
182.6
143.9
721.4
31.0
112.2
49.9
27.1
4.8
6.0
139.7
7.3
378.0
43.4
10.1
5.4
81.3
87.5
4.1
526.2
11.0
45.0
3.2
19.2
836.4
174.9
152.4
152.5
45.8
83.3
547.0
8.2
154.1
8.3
10.1
1336.8
73.0
86.9
5.3
15.3
35.4
13.2
12.3
71.1
116.2
1.5
4.1
3.1
11.6
449.0
19.9
7.8
207.5
42.0
44.6
29.7
16.2
17.0
12.5
397.3
4118.9
903.0
3215.9
1778.4
1669.6
73.0
670.9
13.9%
6.8%
-0.7%
8.9%
-3.8%
-2.0%
3.2%
0.8%
-3.0%
-13.7%
-1.5%
4.5%
-1.2%
-5.2%
-8.0%
1.4%
-1.6%
-7.0%
-2.8%
1.2%
2.5%
-13.4%
-12.0%
-0.7%
-1.4%
-16.2%
11.2%
8.9%
3.5%
6.3%
3.7%
-49.9%
1.6%
-21.4%
1.3%
0.9%
-0.9%
3.4%
-11.3%
0.8%
0.1%
13.4%
-3.5%
215.1%
-1.9%
–
-81.9%
-4.7%
1.0%
7.7%
-8.6%
-4.3%
2.0%
-0.9%
-3.9%
2.6%
9.1%
9.8%
-4.9%
0.7%
2.2%
4.9%
1.5%
3.9%
1.2%
-9.9%
0.4%
9.6%
4.4%
3.5%
17.5%
0.8%
2.7%
1.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
3.4%
0.2%
9.2%
1.1%
0.2%
0.1%
2.0%
2.1%
0.1%
12.8%
0.3%
1.1%
0.1%
0.5%
20.3%
4.2%
3.7%
3.7%
1.1%
2.0%
13.3%
0.2%
3.7%
0.2%
0.2%
32.5%
1.8%
2.1%
0.1%
0.4%
0.9%
0.3%
0.3%
1.7%
2.8%
◆
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
10.9%
0.5%
0.2%
5.0%
1.0%
1.1%
0.7%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
9.6%
100.0%
21.9%
78.1%
43.2%
40.5%
1.8%
16.3%
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and coal derivatives.
◆Less than 0.05%.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
10
Consumption*
Million tonnes
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
884.9
93.8
82.8
1061.5
18.0
91.5
10.4
10.0
6.8
6.9
1.2
30.3
57.2
232.5
13.2
3.7
7.1
31.7
4.2
8.1
9.6
10.9
92.9
127.4
20.3
6.4
8.8
92.9
8.3
2.5
44.7
9.8
19.9
16.2
10.6
122.3
3.5
73.7
16.3
12.4
30.5
3.9
13.3
78.0
6.6
26.5
936.1
70.0
12.4
13.2
3.0
76.6
20.0
61.5
256.7
9.7
25.2
23.1
64.1
122.1
38.2
3.9
247.5
12.9
113.2
56.2
246.4
24.7
6.5
17.9
15.6
38.1
105.3
44.9
36.9
9.8
13.2
1031.3
3640.2
2215.1
1425.1
703.6
172.7
900.7
97.3
85.0
1083.0
18.5
88.7
10.6
10.0
7.0
6.5
1.1
24.9
58.5
226.1
14.2
4.3
7.0
33.8
4.4
8.7
9.2
11.4
93.1
125.1
19.7
6.1
8.5
92.1
8.9
2.4
45.1
10.4
20.2
15.2
9.4
127.3
3.3
76.2
16.9
12.1
30.5
4.4
13.6
79.0
8.2
28.1
948.7
74.3
12.8
15.6
3.1
81.7
22.1
57.3
266.9
10.1
25.9
23.9
65.6
125.5
38.8
4.0
271.7
13.0
116.5
57.3
252.1
24.5
6.8
15.8
15.5
35.5
106.4
46.7
40.1
10.5
13.6
1068.7
3719.0
2248.3
1470.7
706.3
181.1
936.5
100.8
88.5
1125.9
19.4
92.0
11.5
10.3
7.2
7.3
1.2
27.2
59.6
235.8
13.9
4.5
7.1
33.5
4.3
9.5
9.0
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.3
6.3
8.9
89.7
9.5
2.6
47.1
10.0
21.6
15.4
10.9
126.2
3.2
78.5
16.2
12.0
30.8
4.3
14.3
81.7
7.7
29.7
958.3
76.9
12.0
17.8
3.4
88.3
23.9
60.5
282.7
10.6
26.8
24.7
69.7
131.8
39.5
4.2
318.9
15.4
119.5
60.5
245.5
25.5
7.0
16.0
15.9
39.4
104.6
48.9
43.5
12.5
14.1
1130.8
3865.2
2290.8
1574.4
715.1
181.7
939.8
99.9
90.8
1130.5
20.7
94.2
11.8
10.5
7.9
7.1
1.2
28.8
58.8
241.0
14.0
5.4
7.1
33.5
4.8
9.9
9.4
11.0
93.1
122.4
21.1
7.4
9.3
86.7
9.8
2.8
50.1
10.2
22.4
16.0
10.5
126.1
3.8
79.3
16.1
12.2
30.9
4.3
13.7
83.0
5.0
30.8
962.0
80.7
12.2
19.5
4.0
88.2
24.5
63.5
292.7
11.0
29.8
24.6
73.1
138.5
40.7
4.3
327.8
13.8
121.9
59.5
248.8
25.0
7.0
15.3
14.8
43.2
104.6
49.3
44.3
12.2
14.2
1146.9
3911.6
2305.3
1606.3
719.7
180.0
930.7
99.4
89.7
1119.7
21.7
95.8
13.2
10.7
8.3
6.9
1.4
30.3
59.5
247.7
14.2
4.8
8.1
33.4
5.0
9.8
9.6
10.6
93.0
123.6
22.1
7.8
9.3
86.7
10.3
2.8
50.8
10.5
23.3
14.4
10.3
130.3
3.4
79.3
16.5
12.6
32.7
4.1
14.2
82.3
5.0
31.5
972.1
86.5
11.9
17.7
4.5
92.4
26.3
59.3
298.6
11.5
28.7
25.3
72.9
138.4
42.1
4.3
351.2
15.0
128.3
57.8
239.6
26.6
7.1
17.6
13.3
46.5
104.7
48.6
44.4
12.0
14.5
1173.6
3950.1
2292.0
1658.1
721.2
185.5
928.8
102.3
92.0
1123.1
24.0
101.8
17.0
10.7
8.5
7.1
1.7
30.4
60.1
261.3
13.4
4.5
7.3
33.7
4.8
9.7
9.7
10.6
91.4
112.5
21.7
7.7
9.4
84.0
11.3
2.8
50.7
10.7
24.2
14.4
10.3
130.0
3.6
80.3
16.0
11.3
33.5
4.6
15.6
79.2
4.6
32.5
956.4
88.6
12.4
17.9
5.2
98.1
28.2
60.0
310.3
12.9
30.6
26.2
75.7
145.4
42.4
4.2
369.3
16.1
138.1
59.3
232.6
29.2
7.2
19.3
14.1
50.5
107.6
50.4
44.4
13.3
15.2
1213.3
4009.7
2278.3
1731.4
703.8
187.8
875.4
101.2
91.6
1068.2
24.7
108.6
17.8
10.8
8.7
8.0
1.8
34.8
57.8
272.9
13.4
3.6
8.3
36.8
4.8
9.9
9.5
10.5
90.8
118.9
21.3
7.5
9.0
80.4
11.0
3.1
47.3
10.4
25.3
13.6
10.4
133.9
3.9
77.9
15.7
12.1
31.9
5.1
14.9
77.9
4.5
33.1
956.7
92.2
12.2
19.0
6.0
106.8
29.4
68.6
334.1
14.0
32.6
25.3
80.5
152.5
43.2
4.1
376.0
14.6
144.7
58.7
226.3
28.8
7.2
19.4
12.3
53.7
103.1
45.1
44.3
14.1
14.7
1210.5
3994.8
2210.6
1784.2
701.9
191.2
833.0
95.2
88.5
1016.8
24.0
109.1
17.4
11.1
8.9
8.1
1.7
35.2
57.0
272.5
12.8
3.3
9.4
32.2
4.3
9.7
8.5
9.9
87.5
113.9
20.1
7.1
8.0
75.1
8.9
2.6
45.9
10.6
25.3
12.8
9.2
128.2
3.7
73.5
14.6
12.3
31.6
4.6
13.4
74.4
4.3
32.6
910.6
93.5
11.4
20.3
6.0
115.8
28.1
71.3
346.4
14.9
34.4
24.7
82.1
156.0
42.9
3.8
388.2
16.6
152.6
60.6
202.2
28.3
6.9
20.8
13.1
57.3
103.7
44.3
47.2
14.1
16.7
1219.3
3921.6
2098.7
1822.9
664.4
181.7
847.4
101.3
88.5
1037.3
26.0
118.3
15.4
11.9
10.3
8.5
1.9
35.8
58.2
286.1
13.4
3.2
7.3
33.5
3.9
9.1
8.4
10.4
84.5
115.4
18.0
6.7
7.6
73.1
9.3
2.7
45.9
10.8
26.7
12.5
8.8
134.3
3.9
69.6
15.3
11.4
31.8
4.5
13.0
73.5
3.6
32.8
904.7
88.3
10.9
21.7
6.9
123.5
30.0
74.6
356.1
14.8
36.3
26.1
86.4
163.6
43.7
4.2
437.7
17.9
155.4
65.2
204.1
28.4
7.0
20.6
13.2
62.9
105.0
46.3
47.1
15.1
16.7
1290.5
4038.2
2112.6
1925.6
656.5
185.2
837.0
105.0
90.3
1032.3
27.5
122.2
17.5
12.5
10.5
9.2
1.6
35.6
58.7
295.4
12.6
4.0
9.0
32.3
3.8
9.0
8.1
9.7
83.7
112.0
17.0
6.4
6.7
70.5
11.6
2.6
46.1
10.6
26.6
11.6
9.1
143.5
3.9
68.5
14.5
11.0
30.7
4.7
12.9
71.1
3.8
32.8
900.3
85.6
11.5
20.4
7.8
124.4
31.8
77.1
358.7
15.5
33.7
26.2
82.7
158.0
46.1
5.3
459.4
18.1
163.0
71.1
204.7
29.1
7.0
20.8
12.8
65.7
105.8
42.8
50.5
16.5
18.0
1336.6
4081.4
2095.2
1986.2
639.1
199.5
819.9
104.3
92.6
1016.8
28.2
125.6
17.9
12.7
11.0
9.6
1.6
36.6
59.0
302.2
12.4
4.2
9.1
30.6
3.8
9.1
7.6
9.1
80.9
111.5
15.4
6.0
6.2
64.2
12.8
2.6
44.1
10.8
25.1
10.9
8.8
147.5
3.5
63.8
13.8
11.2
31.5
4.8
13.2
68.5
3.9
32.8
879.8
89.6
13.6
20.9
8.0
129.7
32.6
81.4
375.8
16.7
35.2
26.9
87.7
166.5
46.7
5.6
483.7
17.9
171.6
71.6
218.2
29.8
7.0
20.0
13.0
66.2
108.8
42.2
52.4
16.6
18.3
1389.4
4130.5
2072.8
2057.7
611.3
205.9
-2.3%
-0.9%
2.3%
-1.8%
2.3%
2.5%
1.9%
1.0%
3.6%
3.2%
0.2%
2.5%
0.2%
2.0%
-1.2%
5.4%
1.1%
-5.4%
0.1%
0.2%
-6.3%
-6.2%
-3.6%
-0.7%
-9.5%
-7.7%
-7.7%
-9.2%
10.2%
-1.2%
-4.5%
1.3%
-5.8%
-6.2%
-3.6%
2.5%
-9.3%
-7.2%
-4.8%
1.6%
2.3%
3.3%
1.9%
-4.0%
2.1%
-0.3%
-2.5%
4.3%
17.8%
2.5%
2.5%
3.9%
2.2%
5.3%
4.5%
6.9%
4.4%
2.6%
5.8%
5.1%
0.9%
6.3%
5.0%
-1.2%
5.0%
0.4%
6.3%
2.1%
-0.1%
-4.2%
0.7%
0.4%
2.5%
-1.8%
3.6%
0.7%
1.3%
3.7%
0.9%
-1.3%
3.3%
-4.6%
2.9%
19.8%
2.5%
2.2%
24.6%
0.7%
3.0%
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
◆
0.9%
1.4%
7.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
2.0%
2.7%
0.4%
0.1%
0.2%
1.6%
0.3%
0.1%
1.1%
0.3%
0.6%
0.3%
0.2%
3.6%
0.1%
1.5%
0.3%
0.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.3%
1.7%
0.1%
0.8%
21.3%
2.2%
0.3%
0.5%
0.2%
3.1%
0.8%
2.0%
9.1%
0.4%
0.9%
0.7%
2.1%
4.0%
1.1%
0.1%
11.7%
0.4%
4.2%
1.7%
5.3%
0.7%
0.2%
0.5%
0.3%
1.6%
2.6%
1.0%
1.3%
0.4%
0.4%
33.6%
100.0%
50.2%
49.8%
14.8%
5.0%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels,
and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
◆Less
11
Production by region
Consumption by region
Million barrels daily
Million barrels daily
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America
87
92
97
02
07
12
100
100
90
90
80
80
70
70
60
60
50
50
40
40
30
30
20
20
10
10
0
87
92
97
02
07
12
0
World oil production increased by 1.9 million b/d in 2012, more than double the growth of global consumption. US output grew by 1 million b/d, the largest increase in the
world and in the country’s history. The recovery in Libyan production drove robust growth in African output. Global oil consumption grew by just 890,000 b/d, with declines
in Europe and North America offsetting gains elsewhere.
Consumption per capita 2012
Tonnes
0-0.75
0.75-1.5
1.5-2.25
2.25-3.0
> 3.0
12
Regional consumption by product group
Thousand barrels daily
North America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
of which: US
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total US
S. & Cent. America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
Europe
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
Former Soviet Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
Africa
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
Asia Pacific
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
of which: China
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
Japan
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
World
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total World
OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total OECD
Non-OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Non-OECD
European Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total European Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
10514
6654
1187
5442
23797
10666
6860
1253
5392
24170
10978
7133
1340
5572
25023
11019
7249
1396
5455
25119
11131
7297
1055
5519
25002
11200
7318
1081
5509
25109
10859
6934
941
5126
23860
10839
6284
799
5037
22959
10943
6565
764
5192
23464
10697
6694
745
5260
23397
10594
6417
635
5394
23040
-1.0%
-4.1%
-14.8%
2.5%
-1.5%
46.0%
27.9%
2.8%
23.4%
100.0%
9167
5735
686
4172
19761
9275
5886
763
4109
20033
9518
6116
859
4239
20732
9548
6198
914
4143
20802
9599
6226
683
4178
20687
9597
6199
718
4166
20680
9253
5801
609
3827
19490
9257
5241
505
3766
18769
9263
5464
487
3921
19134
9022
5518
459
3951
18949
8955
5281
343
3976
18555
-0.7%
-4.3%
-25.3%
0.6%
-2.1%
48.3%
28.5%
1.8%
21.4%
100.0%
1401
1706
752
1146
5004
1379
1711
702
1068
4860
1397
1854
707
1101
5059
1462
1866
709
1148
5185
1494
1893
726
1218
5332
1584
2082
739
1246
5651
1663
2153
741
1335
5892
1765
2126
723
1307
5921
1830
2343
695
1354
6222
1848
2451
676
1430
6405
1898
2535
678
1422
6533
2.7%
3.4%
0.3%
-0.6%
2.0%
29.1%
38.8%
10.4%
21.8%
100.0%
4125
6939
1866
3040
15970
4025
7129
1831
3065
16051
3987
7338
1751
3118
16194
3887
7527
1746
3184
16344
3756
7703
1711
3235
16406
3681
7583
1611
3205
16081
3477
7802
1545
3134
15959
3390
7531
1379
2960
15260
3350
7547
1257
2940
15094
3126
7521
1189
2876
14712
2976
7389
1063
2724
14152
-4.8%
-1.8%
-10.6%
-5.3%
-3.8%
21.0%
52.2%
7.5%
19.2%
100.0%
1056
1039
635
863
3593
1093
1085
598
1015
3791
1095
1113
535
1061
3805
1110
1142
515
1031
3798
1147
1194
567
997
3906
1228
1267
459
1027
3981
1283
1336
427
1012
4059
1243
1191
399
1056
3889
1283
1292
388
1000
3963
1290
1417
401
1154
4261
1352
1453
418
1169
4391
4.8%
2.5%
4.2%
1.3%
3.1%
30.8%
33.1%
9.5%
26.6%
100.0%
1175
1740
1374
1163
5452
1242
1800
1398
1247
5686
1341
1918
1432
1334
6026
1417
2047
1477
1393
6335
1495
2085
1484
1385
6449
1516
2195
1567
1418
6696
1645
2294
1721
1525
7185
1696
2386
1844
1600
7526
1784
2437
1918
1723
7861
1825
2533
1892
1741
7992
1886
2753
1916
1799
8354
3.4%
8.7%
1.2%
3.3%
4.5%
22.6%
33.0%
22.9%
21.5%
100.0%
602
1135
388
443
2568
643
1166
393
445
2646
678
1195
409
485
2767
701
1248
456
506
2911
690
1299
425
506
2920
710
1398
432
528
3068
767
1483
426
542
3218
799
1509
436
559
3302
854
1576
470
563
3463
827
1569
412
550
3359
873
1641
431
577
3523
5.7%
4.6%
4.6%
4.9%
4.9%
24.8%
46.6%
12.2%
16.4%
100.0%
6198
8182
3383
4323
22086
6446
8352
3514
4567
22880
6800
8792
3536
4997
24124
6952
9031
3515
5037
24535
7149
9117
3630
5228
25124
7539
9272
3731
5447
25989
7547
9387
3612
5335
25881
7869
9452
3343
5542
26205
8584
9914
3407
5862
27766
8888
10300
3417
6148
28754
9281
10487
3633
6379
29781
4.4%
1.8%
6.3%
3.7%
3.6%
31.2%
35.2%
12.2%
21.4%
100.0%
1359
1785
783
1335
5262
1498
1938
869
1467
5771
1681
2277
943
1837
6738
1787
2518
893
1745
6944
1900
2713
945
1881
7439
2036
2869
973
1946
7823
2125
3079
900
1843
7947
2230
3178
865
1955
8229
2726
3430
923
2194
9272
2985
3660
764
2341
9750
3182
3741
820
2477
10221
6.6%
2.2%
7.4%
5.8%
4.8%
31.1%
36.6%
8.0%
24.2%
100.0%
1728
1944
632
1053
5357
1755
1918
749
1039
5461
1766
1869
653
1019
5308
1817
1878
676
1021
5391
1794
1760
657
999
5210
1770
1621
657
1005
5053
1650
1502
707
1024
4882
1669
1380
450
931
4429
1727
1391
442
913
4473
1659
1343
577
887
4465
1632
1360
811
911
4714
-1.6%
1.3%
40.7%
2.7%
5.6%
34.6%
28.9%
17.2%
19.3%
100.0%
25071
27395
9584
16421
78470
25495
28103
9689
16799
80085
26275
29343
9710
17667
82996
26548
30110
9815
17755
84228
26860
30590
9600
18089
85138
27460
31116
9619
18380
86575
27241
31389
9414
18008
86052
27600
30478
8924
18061
85064
28627
31673
8899
18634
87833
28501
32486
8733
19160
88879
28862
32675
8773
19463
89774
1.3%
0.6%
0.5%
1.6%
1.0%
32.1%
36.4%
9.8%
21.7%
100.0%
17621
16542
4086
10072
48322
17733
16912
4230
10041
48915
17979
17330
4137
10241
49687
18018
17669
4201
10176
50064
18008
17783
3797
10291
49880
18097
17609
3715
10260
49682
17408
17304
3506
9851
48070
17375
16228
2907
9532
46042
17547
16573
2722
9618
46460
17075
16669
2746
9628
46117
16890
16332
2746
9620
45587
-1.1%
-2.0%
-0.1%
-1.2%
37.0%
35.8%
6.0%
21.1%
100.0%
7450
10853
5498
6348
30149
7762
11191
5459
6758
31170
8296
12014
5573
7426
33309
8530
12441
5614
7579
34164
8852
12807
5802
7798
35259
9363
13507
5904
8120
36893
9833
14085
5908
8157
37983
10225
14250
6017
8529
39021
11080
15100
6177
9016
41373
11425
15817
5987
9532
42762
11972
16344
6028
9843
44187
4.8%
3.3%
0.7%
3.3%
3.3%
27.1%
37.0%
13.6%
22.3%
100.0%
3869
6412
1673
2755
14708
3787
6585
1629
2757
14759
3739
6773
1590
2790
14891
3649
6942
1591
2839
15021
3511
7074
1574
2864
15023
3460
6938
1489
2814
14700
3274
7119
1440
2777
14610
3169
6853
1279
2580
13880
3128
6882
1186
2545
13741
2917
6846
1113
2501
13377
2776
6691
987
2342
12796
-4.8%
-2.3%
-11.3%
-6.4%
-4.3%
21.7%
52.3%
7.7%
18.3%
100.0%
◆
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF).
‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers).
‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel.
‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.
13
Product consumption by region
Million barrels daily
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Former Soviet Union
02
03
04
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
35
35
30
30
25
25
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
0
Fuel oil
02
03
04
05
06
07
03
10
11
12
0
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
35
30
30
25
25
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
0
02
03
04
05
06
07
US Gulf Coast product prices
US dollars per barrel
US dollars per barrel
96
09
35
Rotterdam product prices
95
08
Others
160
Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil
97
98
140
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11 12
08
09
10
11
12
0
160
Gasoline
Gas oil
Heavy fuel oil
140
120
120
100
100
80
80
60
60
40
40
20
20
0
Source: Platts.
14
02
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
0
Source: Platts.
Spot crude prices
US dollars per barrel
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Dubai
$/bbl*
Brent
$/bbl†
Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbl
West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbl‡
10.70
11.63
12.38
13.03
29.75
35.69
34.32
31.80
28.78
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.27
15.62
20.45
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
61.50
68.19
94.34
61.39
78.06
106.18
109.08
–
12.80
13.92
14.02
31.61
36.83
35.93
32.97
29.55
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
65.14
72.39
97.26
61.67
79.50
111.26
111.67
–
12.87
14.21
13.65
29.25
36.98
36.18
33.29
29.54
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
67.07
74.48
101.43
63.35
81.05
113.65
114.21
–
12.23
14.22
14.55
25.08
37.96
36.08
33.65
30.30
29.39
27.98
15.10
19.18
15.97
19.68
24.50
21.54
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.07
41.49
56.59
66.02
72.20
100.06
61.92
79.45
95.04
94.13
*1975-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2012 Dubai dated.
†1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2012 Brent dated.
‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2012 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.
Source: Platts.
Crude oil prices 1861-2012
US dollars per barrel
World events
Yom Kippur war
Post-war reconstruction
Fears of shortage in US
Growth of Venezuelan
production
Pennsylvanian
oil boom
Russian
oil exports
began
East Texas field
discovered
Discovery of
Sumatra
production Spindletop,
Texas
began
Iranian revolution
Loss of Iranian
supplies
Netback pricing
introduced
Suez crisis
Iraq
invaded
Kuwait
Asian financial crisis
Invasion
of Iraq
‘Arab
Spring’
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
1861-69
1870-79
$ 2012
$ money of the day
1880-89
1890-99
1900-09
1910-19
1920-29
1930-39
1940-49
1950-59
1960-69
1970-79
1980-89
1990-99
2000-09
2010-19
0
1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2012 Brent dated.
15
Refinery capacities
Thousand barrels daily*
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Netherlands Antilles
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Russian Federation
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
16757
1923
1463
20143
619
1854
320
1269
2234
6296
803
1987
2286
412
2485
1282
310
5466
1330
422
713
1785
5706
24987
1597
750
814
1814
711
1248
6934
3189
829
5933
2303
1092
4728
1255
2598
1159
1068
1487
22451
83998
44907
39091
15701
7951
16894
1959
1463
20316
620
1915
320
1269
2229
6353
805
1967
2304
412
2485
1282
310
5340
1347
422
713
1813
5623
24823
1607
750
914
1894
645
1248
7058
3138
756
6295
2293
1057
4645
1255
2598
1159
1068
1416
22541
84228
44986
39242
15739
7745
17125
1915
1463
20503
623
1915
320
1284
2235
6377
782
1982
2320
412
2497
1284
310
5343
1372
422
693
1848
5599
24864
1642
750
936
2079
620
1248
7275
3051
763
6603
2558
1057
4531
1255
2598
1159
1068
1410
23001
85072
45133
39939
15813
7728
17339
1896
1463
20698
627
1916
320
1291
2251
6405
778
1978
2322
418
2515
1274
310
5405
1377
422
613
1819
5562
24794
1642
753
936
2107
620
1248
7306
3138
711
7165
2558
1057
4531
1255
2598
1159
1078
1439
23551
85892
45204
40688
15821
7730
17443
1914
1463
20821
623
1916
320
1294
2260
6413
774
1959
2390
425
2526
1274
310
5488
1362
422
613
1836
5450
24828
1727
758
936
2107
620
1298
7446
2990
694
7865
2872
1127
4588
1255
2633
1140
1125
1448
24747
87245
45453
41792
15851
7753
17594
1907
1463
20964
634
1935
320
1303
2310
6502
745
1962
2390
425
2497
1236
310
5501
1362
422
613
1819
5487
24770
1772
765
936
2107
625
1381
7586
3007
733
8399
2983
1150
4650
1255
2671
1197
1125
1460
25623
88451
45673
42778
15779
7767
17672
1951
1463
21086
634
2045
320
1303
2356
6658
745
1971
2366
425
2396
1280
310
5422
1362
422
613
1827
5473
24612
1805
754
936
2107
680
1390
7672
3121
734
8722
2992
1052
4650
1385
2712
1197
1195
1472
26111
89259
45774
43485
15653
7738
17584
1976
1463
21023
636
2093
320
1303
2326
6678
823
1873
2362
425
2396
1280
310
5401
1362
422
613
1757
5515
24538
1860
786
936
2107
700
1536
7925
2982
734
9479
3574
1085
4630
1385
2712
1197
1255
1621
27671
90817
45628
45189
15552
7743
17736
1951
1463
21151
640
2093
320
1303
2295
6651
813
1702
2091
440
2396
1274
310
5508
1416
422
613
1757
5629
24372
1860
907
936
2107
700
1541
8051
3175
740
10302
3703
1139
4291
1385
2712
1197
1260
1654
28383
91782
45109
46673
15253
7876
17322
2046
1606
20974
649
2010
320
1303
2201
6483
823
1610
2077
495
2311
1276
310
5569
1416
434
613
1787
5536
24259
1860
996
936
2117
705
1553
8167
3123
742
10834
3795
1141
4274
1395
2860
1197
1260
1673
29170
92176
45007
47168
15171
7843
17388
2063
1606
21057
654
2000
320
1303
1635
5912
792
1478
2097
498
2200
1274
310
5754
1537
434
613
1631
5248
23865
1892
1042
936
2122
710
1553
8255
3323
663
11547
4099
1142
4254
1395
2887
1197
1260
1676
30119
92531
44686
47845
14797
7853
0.4%
0.8%
–
0.4%
0.8%
-0.5%
–
–
-25.7%
-8.8%
-3.8%
-8.2%
0.9%
0.6%
-4.8%
-0.1%
–
3.3%
8.5%
–
–
-8.8%
-5.2%
-1.6%
1.7%
4.6%
–
0.2%
0.7%
–
1.1%
6.4%
-10.6%
6.6%
8.0%
0.1%
-0.5%
–
1.0%
–
–
0.2%
3.3%
0.4%
-0.7%
1.4%
-2.5%
0.1%
18.8%
2.2%
1.7%
22.8%
0.7%
2.2%
0.3%
1.4%
1.8%
6.4%
0.9%
1.6%
2.3%
0.5%
2.4%
1.4%
0.3%
6.2%
1.7%
0.5%
0.7%
1.8%
5.7%
25.8%
2.0%
1.1%
1.0%
2.3%
0.8%
1.7%
8.9%
3.6%
0.7%
12.5%
4.4%
1.2%
4.6%
1.5%
3.1%
1.3%
1.4%
1.8%
32.6%
100.0%
48.3%
51.7%
16.0%
8.5%
*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Source: Includes data from ICIS Parpinelli Tecnon.
Refinery throughputs
Thousand barrels daily*
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
14947
1862
1390
4918
19431
5484
2377
855
4395
2212
3986
6638
68496
39017
29479
13443
5060
15304
1880
1436
5009
19920
5602
2301
823
4823
2380
4118
6886
70482
39814
30667
13687
5276
15475
1957
1436
5401
20371
5796
2304
820
5382
2559
4038
7355
72893
40368
32526
14029
5417
15220
1883
1415
5378
20736
6008
2491
757
5916
2561
4136
7474
73976
40166
33809
14105
5713
15242
1835
1407
5334
20783
6300
2372
749
6155
2860
4026
7469
74533
39980
34553
13945
5873
15156
1908
1395
5456
20716
6397
2372
767
6563
3107
3995
7493
75325
39720
35605
13705
6017
14648
1839
1392
5363
20635
6396
2456
756
6953
3213
3946
7351
74949
38791
36159
13595
6188
14336
1773
1392
4889
19509
6297
2293
762
7488
3641
3627
7229
73234
36975
36260
12586
6170
14724
1832
1184
4834
19595
6396
2449
756
8571
3899
3619
7434
75293
37242
38051
12514
6367
14806
1734
1166
5047
19507
6519
2149
789
9059
4085
3410
7486
75757
36926
38831
12206
6565
15006
1796
1199
4624
19459
6444
2201
779
9371
4302
3400
7652
76233
37087
39146
12049
6665
1.4%
3.6%
2.8%
-8.4%
-0.2%
-1.1%
2.4%
-1.2%
3.4%
5.3%
-0.3%
2.2%
0.6%
0.4%
0.8%
-1.3%
1.5%
19.7%
2.4%
1.6%
6.1%
25.5%
8.5%
2.9%
1.0%
12.3%
5.6%
4.5%
10.0%
100.0%
48.6%
51.4%
15.8%
8.7%
*Input to primary distillation units only.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
16
Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).
Refinery utilization
Percentage
100
90
80
70
60
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
World
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
50
12
40
Global crude runs grew by 0.5 million b/d in 2012, with increases in China, India and the US more than offsetting declines in Europe and South & Central America. Global
refining capacity growth of a net 0.4 million b/d masks large additions in Asia Pacific and significant capacity reductions in Europe and the Caribbean. Global average
refinery utilization improved marginally to 82.4%, the highest since 2008.
Regional refining margins
US dollars per barrel
25
USGC Heavy Sour Coking
NWE Light Sweet Cracking
Singapore Medium Sour Hydrocracking
20
15
10
5
0
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
-5
Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam)
and Singapore. In each case they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration
(cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.
17
Trade movements
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
11357
11895
5070
16291
44613
12254
11993
5314
17191
46752
12898
12538
5203
18651
49290
13525
13261
5225
19172
51182
13612
13461
5201
20287
52561
13632
13953
5032
22937
55554
12872
13751
4925
23078
54626
11453
12486
4263
24132
52333
11689
12094
4567
25160
53510
11338
12208
4494
26570
54610
10587
12488
4743
27496
55314
-6.6%
2.3%
5.5%
3.5%
1.3%
19.1%
22.6%
8.6%
49.7%
100.0%
904
1959
1966
2965
2234
5370
18062
2620
3134
3848
1551
44613
921
2096
2115
2942
2066
6003
18943
2715
3612
3978
1361
46752
991
2148
2070
3233
1993
6440
19630
2917
4048
4189
1631
49290
1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
4243
1542
51182
1317
2330
2102
3681
2173
7155
20204
3225
4704
4312
1359
52561
1439
2457
1975
3570
2273
8334
19680
3336
4830
6004
1656
55554
1967
2498
1609
3616
2023
8184
20128
3260
4587
5392
1363
54626
1947
2518
1449
3748
2034
7972
18409
2938
4364
5631
1323
52333
2154
2599
1539
3568
1888
8544
18883
2871
4601
6226
637
53510
2497
2798
1487
3764
2053
8791
19753
1949
4654
6217
646
54610
2680
3056
1366
3834
2174
8597
19699
2604
4564
6419
322
55314
7.3%
9.2%
-8.2%
1.8%
5.9%
-2.2%
-0.3%
33.6%
-1.9%
3.2%
-50.2%
1.3%
4.8%
5.5%
2.5%
6.9%
3.9%
15.5%
35.6%
4.7%
8.3%
11.6%
0.6%
100.0%
Thousand barrels daily
Imports
US
Europe
Japan
Rest of World
Total World
Exports
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific†
Rest of World
Total World
†Excludes Japan. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007.
North and West African exports excludes intra-Africa trade.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Inter-area movements 2012
To
Million tonnes
From
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total imports
S. & Cent.
Mexico
America
US
Canada
–
146.5
51.4
98.3
26.7
26.4
108.0
16.8
42.9
0.1
0.3
0.2
1.9
–
0.1
5.2
524.5
7.8
–
1.2
0.7
6.1
0.2
7.7
7.5
4.2
–
–
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
–
35.8
23.7
–
–
0.7
2.6
–
0.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
0.1
27.9
–
2955
1031
1978
555
545
2163
341
861
1
6
3
40
–
2
106
10587
162
–
25
14
123
5
155
149
84
–
–
2
2
1
3
–
725
495
–
–
14
54
–
12
–
–
–
–
–
–
3
–
3
581
Europe
Africa
Australasia
44.8
0.2
1.0
–
8.0
1.3
6.1
4.3
9.6
0.4
0.4
5.5
4.3
0.1
0.1
1.2
87.3
28.8
2.7
9.4
20.9
–
286.5
112.2
78.3
65.5
†
†
0.6
8.1
0.1
1.1
3.4
617.7
3.7
†
–
0.4
22.8
3.1
21.1
–
–
–
†
1.0
8.5
–
0.6
1.2
62.4
0.2
†
–
–
0.2
1.3
6.6
1.3
5.9
†
–
†
0.2
1.6
11.2
18.4
46.9
6.0
1.5
1.1
31.5
1.0
59.7
144.4
11.0
51.6
3.0
7.7
–
0.5
1.8
6.7
26.8
354.2
0.9
†
3.8
22.7
0.3
2.5
123.1
4.5
27.3
0.2
0.2
0.5
–
0.1
1.5
5.1
192.6
4.9
0.6
†
1.6
0.9
9.3
176.1
0.9
4.9
0.6
3.0
0.5
2.9
–
0.4
28.4
234.9
934
4
21
–
165
27
124
88
192
8
8
115
89
2
2
25
1803
601
55
188
424
–
5792
2261
1577
1313
1
1
13
169
2
23
70
12488
77
‡
–
7
473
64
425
–
–
–
‡
21
177
–
11
26
1281
4
‡
–
–
4
25
133
26
119
‡
–
1
3
34
233
372
954
125
30
22
636
21
1215
2900
221
1033
59
157
–
11
37
140
556
7162
18
‡
75
455
6
49
2474
89
548
4
5
10
–
3
32
103
3871
102
13
‡
33
18
187
3543
18
98
12
60
10
60
–
8
581
4743
China
India
Other Asia
Pacific
Rest of
World
Total
5.8
†
0.1
10.9
10.8
6.8
55.4
0.4
0.1
0.6
2.6
2.5
10.1
3.4
–
34.5
144.0
0.9
†
0.1
2.2
13.7
17.0
218.0
3.4
15.5
0.1
7.2
14.9
11.9
3.2
49.5
–
357.6
1.0
–
–
0.1
12.0
10.2
0.3
0.8
–
–
†
1.3
16.3
†
0.3
1.0
43.4
128.6
151.4
68.1
190.1
105.0
424.3
979.6
129.1
227.4
5.0
21.4
27.1
64.7
10.6
71.5
125.3
2729.1
122
‡
2
226
225
141
1119
8
2
12
53
52
210
72
–
717
2963
19
‡
1
45
279
342
4385
68
315
2
145
311
248
68
1031
–
7259
22
–
–
1
251
205
6
17
–
–
1
26
340
‡
6
21
896
2680
3056
1366
3834
2174
8597
19699
2604
4564
100
436
564
1349
221
1491
2580
55314
Japan Singapore
Thousand barrels daily
From
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total imports
†Less than 0.05.
‡Less than 0.5.
18
Major trade movements 2012
Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)
28.8
286.5
5
26.7
59.7
26.4
146
1
46.5
6
11
12.2
65.5
176.1
6.1
42.9
23.7
78 3
78.3
16.8
51.4
22.8
22
22.8
8
144
144
144.4
108.0
44.8
55.4
21..1
.1
98.3
26.8
123.
3.
3.1
28.4
49.5
9
218.0
34.5
20.9
18.4
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
27.3
51.6
22.7
31.5
Imports and exports 2012
Million tonnes
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
India
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
Thousand barrels daily
Crude
imports
Product
imports
Crude
exports
Product
exports
Crude
imports
Product
imports
Crude
exports
Product
exports
424.0
25.7
†
19.6
474.9
†
11.1
9.3
†
14.2
28.7
271.3
177.1
186.7
47.3
237.4
1927.3
100.5
10.1
27.9
67.7
142.8
5.5
26.8
15.0
11.4
12.5
18.2
83.0
15.5
48.2
96.7
120.2
801.8
1.1
121.7
64.4
156.9
19.1
302.0
881.1
106.8
216.1
4.3
13.6
1.3
†
†
0.6
38.3
1927.3
127.5
29.7
3.7
33.1
85.9
122.2
98.5
22.3
11.3
0.7
7.9
25.8
64.7
10.6
71.0
87.0
801.8
8491
514
‡
392
9512
‡
222
186
‡
285
575
5433
3547
3739
948
4755
38599
2096
211
581
1411
2976
114
559
312
238
260
379
1729
323
1004
2016
2505
16715
23
2437
1290
3143
383
6049
17646
2139
4328
86
272
26
‡
‡
12
767
38599
2657
619
76
691
1791
2548
2053
465
235
15
164
538
1349
221
1479
1813
16715
†Less than 0.05.
‡Less than 0.5.
Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.
19
Natural gas
Proved reserves
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
At end 1992
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 2002
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 2011
Trillion
cubic
metres
Trillion
cubic
feet
4.7
2.7
2.0
9.3
0.5
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.2
3.7
0.2
5.4
n/a
0.1
0.2
0.3
n/a
1.7
1.4
0.2
0.5
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.6
n/a
34.7
39.6
0.2
20.7
3.1
1.5
0.2
6.7
5.2
0.2
5.8
0.4
0.0
44.0
3.7
0.4
1.3
3.7
0.8
9.9
1.0
0.3
0.4
1.4
0.7
1.8
1.7
0.3
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.3
9.4
117.6
15.2
102.4
3.8
34.3
5.3
1.7
0.4
7.4
0.7
0.8
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.6
4.2
0.1
7.0
0.9
0.1
0.2
0.2
1.3
1.4
2.1
0.1
0.3
29.8
2.3
0.7
1.0
1.2
0.4
42.1
0.1
26.7
3.2
1.6
0.9
25.8
6.6
0.3
6.1
0.5
0.1
71.8
4.5
1.7
1.5
5.0
1.1
13.8
2.5
0.3
0.3
1.3
0.8
2.6
2.5
0.4
0.8
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.4
13.0
154.9
15.4
139.5
3.4
36.4
8.8
2.0
0.4
11.2
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.2
0.4
0.4
5.5
0.1
7.5
0.9
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.3
1.0
2.1
0.1
0.1
32.9
17.5
0.7
0.2
1.1
0.3
58.4
0.2
33.6
3.6
1.8
0.9
25.0
8.2
0.3
6.1
0.5
0.2
80.4
4.5
2.2
1.5
5.2
1.3
14.7
3.8
0.3
0.3
3.1
1.3
3.0
1.2
0.2
0.7
0.4
0.3
0.6
0.3
15.5
187.8
19.0
168.8
1.8
54.5
300.0
70.0
12.7
382.7
11.3
11.2
16.0
5.5
12.7
13.3
196.4
2.0
268.3
31.5
1.3
2.0
1.9
45.7
36.7
73.8
4.2
3.6
1162.5
618.1
22.7
8.7
39.7
10.1
2062.5
7.0
1187.3
126.7
63.0
33.5
885.1
290.8
10.1
215.1
16.9
7.3
2842.9
159.1
72.0
54.6
182.0
44.3
512.0
132.8
6.5
10.2
109.3
47.0
103.3
46.8
7.8
22.7
15.6
10.1
21.8
11.8
545.6
6614.1
658.4
5955.7
61.7
1924.1
At end 2012
Trillion
cubic
Share of
metres
total
8.5
2.0
0.4
10.8
0.3
0.3
0.5
0.2
0.4
0.4
5.6
0.1
7.6
0.9
0.0
0.1
0.1
1.3
1.0
2.1
0.1
0.1
32.9
17.5
0.6
0.2
1.1
0.3
58.4
0.2
33.6
3.6
1.8
0.9
25.1
8.2
0.3
6.1
0.5
0.2
80.5
4.5
2.0
1.5
5.2
1.3
14.5
3.8
0.2
0.3
3.1
1.3
2.9
1.3
0.2
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.6
0.3
15.5
187.3
18.6
168.6
1.7
54.5
4.5%
1.1%
0.2%
5.8%
0.2%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
3.0%
◆
4.1%
0.5%
◆
◆
◆
0.7%
0.6%
1.1%
0.1%
0.1%
17.6%
9.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.6%
0.2%
31.2%
0.1%
18.0%
1.9%
1.0%
0.5%
13.4%
4.4%
0.2%
3.3%
0.3%
0.1%
43.0%
2.4%
1.1%
0.8%
2.8%
0.7%
7.7%
2.0%
0.1%
0.2%
1.7%
0.7%
1.6%
0.7%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
8.2%
100.0%
10.0%
90.0%
0.9%
29.1%
R/P
ratio
12.5
12.7
6.2
12.1
8.5
17.0
26.0
12.9
27.9
8.9
*
15.5
42.8
57.1
5.9
6.1
7.0
65.6
16.3
18.2
28.3
9.3
55.6
*
34.6
6.0
19.7
29.2
56.4
14.0
*
*
*
32.8
*
80.1
37.5
*
63.1
78.0
*
55.3
33.5
*
*
68.1
67.1
76.6
8.4
22.9
28.9
33.1
41.2
20.3
17.4
15.5
*
6.9
65.6
18.6
31.5
55.7
15.4
78.4
11.7
71.0
*More than 100 years.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future
from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.
20
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
History
2012 by region
200
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
800
Middle East
Asia Pacific
World
160
600
120
400
80
200
40
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle
East
Africa
Asia
Pacific
0
82
87
92
97
02
07
12
0
World proved natural gas reserves at end-2012 stood at 187.3 trillion cubic metres, sufficient to meet 55.7 years of global production. Proved reserves declined by 0.3%
relative to end-2011 data, the first annual decline in our data set. Revisions were made to the earlier published estimates for proved reserves in the Former Soviet Union
(FSU) countries, which lowered the FSU R/P ratio to 71 years, from 96.3 years at end-2011 in last year’s edition.
Distribution of proved reserves in 1992, 2002 and 2012
Percentage
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
Africa
North America
S. & Cent. America
4.1
43.0
5.8
4.5
46.3
7.7
4.8
4.6
37.4
8.9
7.9
8.4
8.0
8.2
8.4
1992
Total 117.6
trillion cubic
metres
2002
Total 154.9
trillion cubic
metres
2012
Total 187.3
trillion cubic
metres
33.7
27.1
31.2
21
Production*
Billion cubic metres
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
536.0
187.9
39.7
763.6
36.1
4.9
9.2
6.2
0.4
19.3
28.4
3.3
107.9
4.7
8.4
17.0
13.4
9.1
60.3
65.5
4.0
13.2
538.8
48.4
17.0
103.6
51.9
11.2
966.5
9.5
75.0
2.4
9.5
15.0
29.5
56.7
6.1
43.4
–
0.3
247.2
80.4
27.3
5.9
18.0
6.6
138.2
32.6
11.4
11.5
32.7
27.6
69.7
48.3
8.4
24.6
20.5
2.4
10.8
300.5
2523.9
1087.2
1436.8
227.6
670.2
540.8
184.7
41.7
767.2
41.0
6.4
10.0
6.1
0.5
27.0
25.2
3.1
119.4
4.6
8.0
17.7
12.7
11.9
58.1
73.1
4.0
13.0
561.5
53.5
17.6
102.9
52.0
10.6
1001.2
9.6
81.5
1.6
11.0
16.5
31.4
60.1
6.2
44.8
–
0.3
262.9
82.8
30.1
5.5
22.5
7.2
148.2
33.2
12.3
12.4
35.0
29.5
73.2
51.8
9.6
30.4
21.5
2.4
10.6
322.0
2620.7
1093.8
1526.9
223.6
701.4
526.4
183.7
43.4
753.6
44.9
9.8
11.0
6.4
0.9
30.2
28.4
3.1
134.7
4.5
9.4
16.4
11.9
13.1
68.5
78.6
4.4
12.8
573.3
52.8
18.4
96.4
54.2
11.0
1025.5
9.8
84.9
1.0
11.9
18.5
39.2
65.7
6.4
46.3
–
1.5
285.1
82.0
33.0
8.1
24.5
8.9
156.4
35.3
12.8
12.2
41.5
29.2
70.3
53.9
10.2
34.5
22.4
4.2
10.0
336.4
2691.6
1092.2
1599.3
227.3
716.6
511.1
187.1
52.3
750.6
45.6
11.9
10.9
6.7
1.5
33.0
27.4
3.4
140.5
5.2
10.4
15.8
11.1
13.5
62.5
85.1
4.3
12.4
580.1
57.0
18.6
88.2
54.0
10.9
1029.1
10.7
103.5
1.5
12.2
19.8
45.8
71.2
5.5
47.8
–
1.9
319.9
88.2
42.5
11.3
25.0
9.9
177.0
37.1
13.8
12.0
49.3
29.6
71.2
61.1
12.2
35.5
23.7
6.4
11.0
363.0
2780.0
1083.8
1696.3
212.0
728.7
524.0
188.4
57.3
769.7
46.1
12.9
11.2
7.0
1.8
40.1
31.5
3.8
154.3
6.1
10.4
15.6
10.1
13.9
61.6
87.9
4.3
11.9
595.2
60.4
18.7
80.0
54.5
11.5
1042.1
11.3
108.6
1.5
12.5
23.7
50.7
73.5
5.6
49.0
–
2.6
339.0
84.5
54.7
13.2
29.7
10.4
192.5
38.9
15.1
12.6
58.6
29.3
70.3
63.3
12.6
36.1
24.3
7.0
14.6
382.6
2880.1
1097.7
1782.4
201.3
749.0
545.6
182.7
53.7
781.9
44.8
13.8
11.2
7.5
2.7
42.2
29.5
3.9
155.7
9.8
9.2
14.3
8.9
16.7
60.5
89.7
4.3
11.5
592.0
65.4
18.7
72.1
59.1
10.8
1043.2
11.8
111.9
1.5
12.1
24.0
63.2
74.4
5.6
50.3
–
3.0
357.8
84.8
55.7
15.3
36.0
12.3
204.1
40.0
15.9
12.3
69.2
30.1
67.6
64.6
13.5
36.8
26.0
7.1
17.4
400.5
2943.2
1100.7
1842.5
187.5
762.0
570.8
176.6
53.4
800.8
44.1
14.3
14.0
9.1
3.4
42.0
30.0
3.7
160.4
14.8
10.1
13.0
8.5
18.7
66.6
99.3
4.1
11.4
601.7
66.1
19.0
73.5
62.2
10.3
1079.3
12.7
116.3
1.9
12.8
24.1
77.0
80.4
5.3
50.2
–
3.6
384.2
85.8
59.0
15.9
35.7
15.8
212.2
38.3
17.0
12.2
80.3
30.5
69.7
64.7
12.4
37.5
28.8
7.5
18.3
417.1
3054.0
1134.1
1919.9
193.3
782.7
584.0
164.0
59.4
807.4
41.4
12.3
11.7
10.5
3.5
43.6
28.7
4.2
155.9
14.8
8.4
12.2
7.3
17.8
62.7
104.8
4.1
11.3
527.7
36.4
19.2
62.4
60.0
9.7
958.8
12.8
131.2
1.2
11.5
24.8
89.3
78.5
5.6
48.8
0.8
3.0
407.3
79.6
62.7
15.9
26.0
16.3
200.4
42.3
18.5
11.4
85.3
39.2
71.9
63.4
11.6
38.4
30.9
8.0
18.6
439.6
2969.3
1131.4
1837.9
174.3
676.0
603.6
159.9
57.6
821.1
40.1
14.2
14.4
11.3
7.2
44.8
31.0
3.6
166.6
15.1
8.2
10.6
7.6
17.6
70.5
107.7
4.1
10.9
588.9
42.4
18.1
59.7
59.6
10.2
1031.2
13.1
146.2
1.3
11.7
27.1
116.7
87.7
8.0
51.3
6.2
3.4
472.7
80.4
61.3
16.8
37.3
18.4
214.3
45.6
19.9
12.3
94.8
50.8
82.0
65.2
12.4
39.6
36.3
9.4
18.1
486.5
3192.3
1155.2
2037.1
177.8
741.9
648.5
159.7
58.3
866.5
38.8
16.5
16.7
11.0
11.3
42.9
31.3
3.1
171.5
14.8
7.1
10.0
7.7
19.3
64.2
101.7
4.3
10.9
607.0
59.5
18.6
47.6
57.0
10.2
1039.9
13.3
151.8
0.9
13.5
26.5
145.3
92.3
8.7
52.3
9.6
4.4
518.7
82.7
61.4
7.9
40.6
18.6
211.2
45.0
20.1
12.8
102.7
46.1
75.9
65.3
12.8
39.2
37.0
8.5
18.4
483.6
3291.3
1174.0
2117.3
157.9
776.5
681.4
156.5
58.5
896.4
37.7
18.7
17.4
12.0
12.9
42.2
32.8
3.6
177.3
15.6
6.4
9.0
7.8
19.7
63.9
114.9
4.2
10.9
592.3
64.4
18.6
41.0
56.9
9.8
1035.4
14.2
160.5
0.8
14.5
29.0
157.0
102.8
7.6
51.7
7.6
2.7
548.4
81.5
60.9
12.2
43.2
18.4
216.2
49.0
21.8
12.6
107.2
40.2
71.1
65.2
12.7
41.5
41.4
9.4
18.1
490.2
3363.9
1211.5
2152.5
149.6
767.7
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
4.7%
-2.3%
0.1%
3.1%
-3.0%
13.4%
3.7%
9.0%
13.7%
-1.8%
4.7%
14.4%
3.1%
5.1%
-9.4%
-9.8%
1.7%
2.0%
-0.8%
12.6%
-1.1%
20.4%
4.6%
1.7%
26.8%
1.1%
0.6%
0.5%
0.4%
0.4%
1.3%
1.0%
0.1%
5.3%
0.5%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
0.6%
1.9%
3.4%
0.1%
0.3%
17.6%
1.9%
0.6%
1.2%
1.7%
0.3%
30.7%
0.4%
4.8%
◆
-2.7%
7.8%
-0.8%
-14.1%
-0.4%
-4.3%
-0.7%
6.9%
5.4%
-9.3%
7.2%
8.9%
7.8%
11.1%
-13.4%
-1.5%
-21.3%
-40.1%
5.4%
-1.7%
-1.2%
54.8%
6.2%
-1.0%
2.1%
8.8%
8.2%
-2.1%
4.1%
-13.1%
-6.6%
-0.3%
-0.6%
5.6%
11.5%
10.6%
-1.9%
1.1%
1.9%
2.9%
1.4%
-5.5%
-1.4%
◆
0.4%
0.9%
4.7%
3.0%
0.2%
1.5%
0.2%
0.1%
16.3%
2.4%
1.8%
0.4%
1.3%
0.5%
6.4%
1.5%
0.6%
0.4%
3.2%
1.2%
2.1%
1.9%
0.4%
1.2%
1.2%
0.3%
0.5%
14.5%
100.0%
36.1%
63.9%
4.4%
22.8%
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
than 0.05%.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average
conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
◆Less
22
Consumption
Billion cubic metres
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
652.1
90.2
46.5
788.7
30.3
14.1
7.4
6.1
0.1
0.4
12.0
28.4
2.4
101.3
8.5
7.5
16.1
14.9
2.7
8.7
5.1
4.0
40.7
82.6
2.1
11.8
4.1
64.6
8.7
2.9
39.8
4.0
11.2
3.1
17.2
370.7
6.5
20.8
0.8
2.8
17.4
12.9
67.7
95.1
50.9
14.8
1020.6
79.2
†
9.5
11.1
56.7
36.4
24.6
217.6
20.2
26.5
1.0
21.8
69.6
22.4
11.4
29.2
2.9
27.6
32.9
72.7
26.2
5.6
24.6
1.8
3.6
23.1
7.4
26.9
2.4
3.6
324.3
2522.1
1371.4
1150.7
451.7
544.7
630.8
97.7
51.4
779.9
34.6
15.8
8.0
6.0
0.3
0.5
13.4
25.2
3.1
106.8
9.4
7.7
15.8
16.0
2.8
8.7
5.2
4.5
43.2
85.5
2.4
13.2
4.1
71.2
9.6
3.1
40.0
4.3
12.5
3.0
18.3
379.5
6.3
23.6
0.8
2.9
20.9
14.2
69.0
95.4
45.8
14.8
1053.9
82.9
†
11.0
12.2
60.1
37.9
25.0
229.0
21.4
29.7
1.0
22.7
74.8
22.4
12.3
33.9
1.8
29.5
35.0
79.8
27.3
4.3
30.4
2.7
4.0
24.2
7.7
28.6
2.4
4.2
350.5
2595.0
1394.9
1200.1
473.9
552.0
634.4
95.1
54.3
783.8
37.9
18.8
8.7
6.3
0.3
0.9
14.8
28.4
3.0
119.0
9.5
8.3
17.9
16.2
2.8
9.1
5.2
4.3
45.1
85.9
2.7
13.0
4.1
73.9
7.5
3.1
40.9
4.6
13.2
3.8
17.5
389.3
6.1
27.4
0.8
3.0
22.1
15.0
68.5
97.4
43.4
16.5
1078.0
86.5
1.2
11.9
15.0
65.7
40.2
26.5
247.1
22.0
31.7
2.1
25.4
81.2
22.8
12.8
39.7
2.7
31.9
32.2
77.0
24.7
3.9
34.5
2.5
5.0
28.4
9.3
29.9
4.2
4.5
365.8
2674.9
1417.1
1257.8
486.7
561.2
623.4
97.8
61.0
782.2
40.4
19.6
8.4
6.7
0.3
1.5
16.3
27.4
3.3
123.9
10.0
8.6
18.4
16.4
3.1
9.5
5.0
4.0
45.4
86.2
2.7
13.4
3.9
79.1
9.3
3.3
39.3
4.5
13.6
4.2
17.6
394.0
6.6
32.4
0.8
3.1
26.9
16.1
69.0
95.0
42.7
16.7
1100.5
105.0
1.7
12.2
18.7
71.2
42.1
28.4
279.2
23.2
31.6
3.1
27.6
85.6
22.2
13.8
46.8
2.7
35.7
33.2
78.6
31.4
3.6
35.5
3.3
6.8
30.4
9.4
32.5
6.4
5.2
397.4
2768.9
1431.9
1337.0
496.1
570.2
614.4
96.9
66.6
778.0
41.8
20.6
7.8
7.0
0.4
1.8
21.2
31.5
3.9
136.0
9.4
9.1
19.0
16.7
3.2
9.3
5.1
4.2
44.0
87.2
3.1
12.7
4.5
77.4
9.9
3.2
38.1
4.4
13.7
4.1
18.1
415.0
6.0
33.7
0.9
3.0
30.5
18.4
67.0
90.1
41.9
17.3
1120.2
108.7
2.3
12.5
19.6
73.5
43.4
31.5
291.5
23.7
36.5
3.5
25.7
89.4
24.4
15.1
56.1
2.9
37.3
33.2
83.7
33.7
3.7
36.1
2.7
7.1
32.0
10.1
33.3
7.0
5.5
424.0
2839.0
1433.3
1405.7
489.7
592.6
654.2
96.2
63.5
813.9
43.9
21.2
4.6
7.4
0.5
2.7
21.9
29.6
4.5
136.3
8.9
8.0
18.8
16.6
3.2
8.7
4.6
3.9
42.6
82.9
3.8
11.9
4.8
77.8
8.4
3.6
37.0
4.3
13.8
4.3
16.1
422.0
5.7
35.1
1.0
2.9
36.1
21.3
63.2
91.1
45.9
17.8
1125.9
113.0
2.8
12.1
19.3
74.4
49.2
32.4
303.2
24.3
38.4
3.5
29.3
95.4
26.6
15.9
70.5
2.7
40.1
31.3
90.2
33.4
4.1
36.8
3.3
8.6
34.7
10.7
35.4
7.1
6.0
457.3
2932.1
1477.7
1454.4
482.1
600.4
659.1
96.1
66.3
821.5
44.4
24.9
2.7
7.6
0.4
3.4
21.3
31.5
4.7
140.9
9.5
9.2
19.2
16.5
3.2
8.7
4.6
4.0
44.3
81.2
4.0
11.7
5.0
77.8
8.1
3.2
38.6
4.3
14.9
4.7
15.9
416.0
5.7
38.6
0.9
3.1
37.5
20.5
60.0
99.3
48.7
17.0
1136.3
119.3
4.1
12.8
19.3
80.4
59.5
36.5
331.9
25.4
40.8
3.7
30.9
100.8
25.5
17.0
81.3
3.2
41.3
33.3
93.7
33.8
3.8
37.5
3.4
8.2
35.7
11.6
37.4
7.5
5.7
480.0
3011.5
1505.4
1506.1
497.3
593.6
648.7
94.9
72.4
816.1
43.2
20.1
3.1
8.7
0.5
3.5
22.2
30.5
5.0
136.8
9.3
7.8
16.1
16.8
2.3
8.2
4.4
3.6
42.6
78.0
3.4
10.2
4.8
71.5
7.8
2.7
38.9
4.1
14.4
4.7
13.3
389.6
4.9
34.6
1.1
3.0
35.7
19.9
47.0
91.2
43.5
14.0
1049.5
131.4
4.5
12.4
20.0
78.5
59.1
38.9
344.6
27.2
42.5
3.4
26.9
100.1
25.2
18.5
89.5
3.1
51.0
37.4
87.4
33.0
4.0
38.4
3.5
8.1
33.9
11.3
39.2
8.0
5.2
496.7
2943.9
1462.6
1481.3
465.1
541.2
682.1
95.0
72.5
849.6
43.3
26.8
5.3
9.1
0.6
5.4
23.2
33.2
5.4
152.2
10.1
7.4
19.7
18.8
2.6
9.3
5.0
3.9
47.4
83.3
3.7
10.9
5.2
76.1
8.2
3.1
43.6
4.1
15.5
5.1
13.6
414.1
5.6
34.6
1.6
3.3
39.0
22.6
52.1
99.2
45.5
15.1
1129.6
144.6
5.3
14.5
19.9
87.7
60.8
44.0
376.8
26.3
45.1
3.9
32.4
107.8
25.7
19.9
106.9
3.8
61.9
40.3
94.5
34.5
4.3
39.6
3.3
8.4
43.0
14.1
45.1
9.4
5.7
560.4
3176.3
1556.2
1620.1
502.9
579.7
690.5
100.9
76.6
868.0
45.7
26.7
5.4
8.8
0.5
6.1
23.1
33.4
6.7
156.4
9.5
8.1
18.3
16.6
2.9
8.4
4.2
3.4
40.9
74.5
4.5
10.4
4.6
71.3
9.2
3.4
38.1
4.3
15.7
5.2
13.9
424.6
5.2
32.2
1.3
3.0
45.7
25.0
53.7
82.8
49.1
15.7
1105.8
153.5
5.0
17.0
21.9
92.3
62.5
42.6
394.7
27.8
49.6
3.9
32.6
114.0
25.6
20.1
130.5
3.1
61.1
37.3
105.5
32.0
3.9
39.2
3.6
8.8
46.3
15.5
46.6
8.5
6.2
593.6
3232.4
1544.0
1688.4
453.1
599.2
722.1
100.7
83.7
906.5
47.3
29.2
6.0
9.8
0.7
7.5
21.7
34.9
7.9
165.1
9.0
8.5
18.6
16.9
2.7
8.2
3.9
3.1
42.5
75.2
4.2
9.7
4.5
68.7
9.5
3.3
36.4
4.3
16.6
4.7
13.5
416.2
6.0
31.4
1.1
3.2
46.3
23.3
49.6
78.3
47.9
16.1
1083.3
156.1
2.6
17.2
26.2
102.8
62.9
44.0
411.8
30.9
52.6
3.8
35.5
122.8
25.4
21.8
143.8
2.8
54.6
35.8
116.7
33.3
4.2
41.5
3.4
8.3
50.0
16.3
51.2
9.4
6.3
625.0
3314.4
1588.3
1726.1
443.9
584.9
4.1%
-0.4%
8.9%
4.0%
3.3%
8.9%
11.7%
10.9%
30.8%
21.7%
-6.2%
4.4%
18.4%
5.3%
-4.8%
3.7%
1.1%
1.7%
-7.1%
-2.9%
-6.9%
-10.9%
3.7%
0.7%
-7.9%
-6.5%
-3.2%
-4.0%
2.6%
-2.6%
-4.5%
-1.0%
5.1%
-9.8%
-3.5%
-2.2%
15.8%
-2.8%
-12.8%
7.6%
0.9%
-7.1%
-7.8%
-5.7%
-2.8%
1.9%
-2.3%
1.4%
-48.1%
0.9%
18.9%
11.1%
0.4%
3.1%
4.0%
10.8%
5.7%
-4.6%
8.8%
7.5%
-0.9%
8.2%
9.9%
-8.2%
-11.0%
-4.2%
10.3%
3.9%
8.8%
5.6%
-4.3%
-5.5%
7.8%
4.7%
9.6%
10.6%
1.1%
5.0%
2.2%
2.5%
2.0%
-2.3%
-2.6%
21.9%
3.0%
2.5%
27.5%
1.4%
0.9%
0.2%
0.3%
♦
0.2%
0.7%
1.1%
0.2%
5.0%
0.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
1.3%
2.3%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
2.1%
0.3%
0.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.4%
12.5%
0.2%
0.9%
♦
0.1%
1.4%
0.7%
1.5%
2.4%
1.4%
0.5%
32.6%
4.7%
0.1%
0.5%
0.8%
3.1%
1.9%
1.3%
12.4%
0.9%
1.6%
0.1%
1.1%
3.7%
0.8%
0.7%
4.3%
0.1%
1.6%
1.1%
3.5%
1.0%
0.1%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%
1.5%
0.5%
1.5%
0.3%
0.2%
18.8%
100.0%
48.0%
52.0%
13.4%
17.6%
†Less than 0.05.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average
conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable
disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
23
Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
489.9
169.1
35.8
694.7
32.5
4.4
8.3
5.6
0.4
17.3
25.6
3.0
97.1
4.2
7.5
15.3
12.1
8.2
54.3
59.0
3.6
11.9
484.9
43.6
15.3
93.2
46.7
10.1
869.8
8.5
67.5
2.1
8.5
13.5
26.6
51.0
5.5
39.1
–
0.2
222.5
72.3
24.6
5.3
16.2
6.0
124.4
29.3
10.3
10.3
29.4
24.8
62.7
43.5
7.6
22.1
18.5
2.2
9.7
270.5
2279.0
985.9
1293.1
204.9
603.2
494.8
166.2
37.5
698.5
36.9
5.7
9.0
5.5
0.5
24.3
22.7
2.8
107.4
4.2
7.2
15.9
11.5
10.7
52.2
65.8
3.6
11.7
505.4
48.1
15.8
92.6
46.8
9.5
901.1
8.7
73.4
1.4
9.9
14.9
28.3
54.1
5.6
40.3
–
0.2
236.6
74.5
27.1
5.0
20.3
6.5
133.4
29.9
11.1
11.1
31.5
26.6
65.9
46.6
8.6
27.4
19.3
2.1
9.6
289.8
2366.7
992.4
1374.2
201.2
631.3
480.7
165.3
39.1
685.1
40.4
8.8
9.9
5.7
0.8
27.2
25.6
2.8
121.2
4.1
8.5
14.7
10.7
11.8
61.6
70.7
3.9
11.5
516.0
47.5
16.5
86.7
48.8
9.9
923.0
8.8
76.4
0.9
10.7
16.7
35.3
59.1
5.8
41.7
–
1.3
256.6
73.8
29.7
7.3
22.0
8.0
140.7
31.7
11.5
11.0
37.3
26.3
63.3
48.5
9.2
31.0
20.1
3.7
9.0
302.7
2429.3
989.9
1439.4
204.6
644.9
467.6
168.4
47.1
683.1
41.1
10.7
9.8
6.0
1.4
29.7
24.7
3.1
126.5
4.7
9.4
14.2
10.0
12.2
56.3
76.6
3.9
11.2
522.1
51.3
16.7
79.4
48.6
9.8
926.2
9.6
93.2
1.3
11.0
17.8
41.2
64.1
4.9
43.0
–
1.7
287.9
79.4
38.3
10.2
22.5
8.9
159.3
33.4
12.4
10.8
44.4
26.7
64.1
55.0
11.0
32.0
21.3
5.8
9.9
326.7
2509.6
983.0
1526.6
190.8
655.8
479.3
169.6
51.6
700.5
41.5
11.6
10.0
6.3
1.6
36.1
28.3
3.4
138.9
5.5
9.4
14.1
9.1
12.5
55.4
79.1
3.9
10.7
535.6
54.3
16.9
72.0
49.0
10.3
937.9
10.2
97.7
1.3
11.3
21.3
45.6
66.2
5.1
44.1
–
2.3
305.1
76.0
49.2
11.9
26.7
9.4
173.2
35.0
13.6
11.3
52.7
26.4
63.2
57.0
11.3
32.5
21.9
6.3
13.1
344.3
2599.9
995.7
1604.2
181.2
674.1
498.6
164.4
48.3
711.3
40.3
12.4
10.1
6.8
2.4
38.0
26.6
3.5
140.1
8.8
8.3
12.9
8.0
15.0
54.5
80.7
3.9
10.4
532.8
58.9
16.9
64.9
53.2
9.7
938.8
10.6
100.7
1.3
10.9
21.6
56.9
67.0
5.0
45.3
–
2.7
322.0
76.3
50.1
13.8
32.4
11.1
183.7
36.0
14.3
11.0
62.3
27.1
60.9
58.1
12.2
33.1
23.4
6.4
15.6
360.4
2656.5
998.2
1658.3
168.7
685.8
521.7
158.9
48.0
728.6
39.7
12.9
12.6
8.2
3.1
37.8
27.0
3.3
144.4
13.3
9.1
11.7
7.6
16.8
60.0
89.4
3.7
10.3
541.5
59.5
17.1
66.1
56.0
9.2
971.4
11.4
104.7
1.7
11.5
21.7
69.3
72.4
4.8
45.2
–
3.3
345.8
77.2
53.1
14.3
32.1
14.2
190.9
34.4
15.3
10.9
72.3
27.5
62.7
58.2
11.2
33.8
25.9
6.7
16.5
375.4
2756.6
1028.7
1727.9
174.0
704.4
532.7
147.6
53.4
733.7
37.2
11.1
10.5
9.5
3.1
39.3
25.8
3.8
140.3
13.3
7.6
11.0
6.6
16.0
56.4
94.3
3.7
10.1
474.9
32.7
17.3
56.2
54.0
8.8
862.9
11.5
118.0
1.0
10.3
22.3
80.4
70.6
5.0
43.9
0.7
2.7
366.6
71.6
56.4
14.3
23.4
14.7
180.4
38.1
16.7
10.3
76.7
35.3
64.7
57.0
10.4
34.6
27.8
7.2
16.7
395.6
2679.5
1025.4
1654.1
156.8
608.4
549.5
143.9
51.8
745.2
36.1
12.8
13.0
10.1
6.5
40.3
27.9
3.2
150.0
13.6
7.4
9.6
6.8
15.8
63.5
96.9
3.7
9.8
530.0
38.1
16.3
53.7
53.7
9.1
928.0
11.8
131.5
1.2
10.6
24.4
105.0
78.9
7.2
46.2
5.6
3.0
425.4
72.4
55.2
15.1
33.6
16.6
192.8
41.0
17.9
11.1
85.4
45.8
73.8
58.7
11.2
35.7
32.7
8.5
16.3
437.8
2879.3
1045.9
1833.4
160.0
667.7
589.8
143.7
52.4
786.0
34.9
14.8
15.1
9.9
10.2
38.6
28.1
2.8
154.3
13.3
6.4
9.0
6.9
17.3
57.8
91.6
3.8
9.8
546.3
53.6
16.8
42.8
51.3
9.1
935.9
12.0
136.6
0.8
12.2
23.9
130.7
83.0
7.9
47.1
8.7
4.0
466.8
74.4
55.3
7.1
36.5
16.7
190.0
40.5
18.1
11.5
92.4
41.5
68.3
58.7
11.5
35.2
33.3
7.6
16.5
435.2
2968.3
1062.7
1905.6
142.1
698.9
619.2
140.9
52.6
812.7
34.0
16.8
15.7
10.8
11.6
38.0
29.5
3.2
159.6
14.0
5.8
8.1
7.0
17.7
57.5
103.4
3.8
9.8
533.0
57.9
16.7
36.9
51.2
8.8
931.9
12.8
144.5
0.7
13.1
26.1
141.3
92.5
6.8
46.5
6.8
2.4
493.6
73.4
54.8
11.0
38.9
16.6
194.6
44.1
19.6
11.3
96.5
36.2
64.0
58.7
11.5
37.3
37.3
8.5
16.3
441.2
3033.5
1096.2
1937.2
134.7
690.9
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
24
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
4.7%
-2.3%
0.1%
3.1%
-3.0%
13.4%
3.7%
9.0%
13.7%
-1.8%
4.7%
14.4%
3.1%
5.1%
-9.4%
-9.8%
1.7%
2.0%
-0.8%
12.6%
-1.1%
20.4%
4.6%
1.7%
26.8%
1.1%
0.6%
0.5%
0.4%
0.4%
1.3%
1.0%
0.1%
5.3%
0.5%
0.2%
0.3%
0.2%
0.6%
1.9%
3.4%
0.1%
0.3%
17.6%
1.9%
0.6%
1.2%
1.7%
0.3%
30.7%
0.4%
4.8%
◆
-2.7%
7.8%
-0.8%
-14.1%
-0.4%
-4.3%
-0.7%
6.9%
5.4%
-9.3%
7.2%
8.9%
7.8%
11.1%
-13.4%
-1.5%
-21.3%
-40.1%
5.4%
-1.7%
-1.2%
54.8%
6.2%
-1.0%
2.1%
8.8%
8.2%
-2.1%
4.1%
-13.1%
-6.6%
-0.3%
-0.6%
5.6%
11.5%
10.6%
-1.9%
1.1%
1.9%
2.9%
1.4%
-5.5%
-1.4%
◆
0.4%
0.9%
4.7%
3.0%
0.2%
1.5%
0.2%
0.1%
16.3%
2.4%
1.8%
0.4%
1.3%
0.5%
6.4%
1.5%
0.6%
0.4%
3.2%
1.2%
2.1%
1.9%
0.4%
1.2%
1.2%
0.3%
0.5%
14.5%
100.0%
36.1%
63.9%
4.4%
22.8%
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
593.7
81.2
41.8
716.6
27.2
12.7
6.6
5.5
0.1
0.4
10.8
25.6
2.2
91.2
7.7
6.8
14.5
13.4
2.4
7.8
4.6
3.6
36.6
74.3
1.9
10.6
3.7
58.1
7.8
2.6
35.8
3.6
10.1
2.8
15.5
333.6
5.8
18.8
0.7
2.5
15.6
11.6
60.9
85.6
45.8
13.3
918.5
71.3
†
8.5
10.0
51.0
32.8
22.2
195.8
18.2
23.9
0.9
19.6
62.6
20.2
10.3
26.3
2.6
24.8
29.6
65.4
23.6
5.1
22.1
1.6
3.2
20.8
6.7
24.2
2.2
3.3
291.9
2276.7
1241.1
1035.6
406.5
490.2
575.3
87.9
46.3
709.5
31.1
14.2
7.2
5.4
0.2
0.5
12.0
22.7
2.8
96.1
8.5
7.0
14.3
14.4
2.5
7.8
4.7
4.0
38.9
77.0
2.2
11.9
3.7
64.1
8.6
2.8
36.0
3.9
11.3
2.7
16.5
341.5
5.7
21.3
0.7
2.6
18.8
12.8
62.1
85.8
41.2
13.4
948.6
74.6
†
9.9
11.0
54.1
34.1
22.5
206.1
19.3
26.7
0.9
20.4
67.3
20.2
11.1
30.5
1.7
26.6
31.5
71.8
24.6
3.9
27.4
2.4
3.6
21.8
6.9
25.7
2.1
3.8
315.5
2343.1
1263.0
1080.1
426.5
496.8
577.3
85.6
48.9
711.8
34.1
16.9
7.8
5.7
0.3
0.8
13.3
25.6
2.7
107.1
8.5
7.5
16.1
14.6
2.5
8.2
4.7
3.9
40.6
77.3
2.4
11.7
3.7
66.5
6.7
2.8
36.8
4.1
11.9
3.4
15.7
350.4
5.5
24.7
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.5
61.7
87.7
39.1
14.8
970.2
77.9
1.1
10.7
13.5
59.1
36.2
23.9
222.4
19.8
28.5
1.9
22.8
73.1
20.5
11.5
35.7
2.4
28.7
29.0
69.3
22.2
3.5
31.0
2.2
4.5
25.5
8.4
26.9
3.7
4.1
329.3
2413.8
1281.7
1132.1
438.0
505.0
568.5
88.0
54.9
711.5
36.4
17.6
7.5
6.0
0.3
1.4
14.7
24.7
2.9
111.5
9.0
7.7
16.5
14.7
2.8
8.5
4.5
3.6
40.9
77.6
2.4
12.1
3.5
71.2
8.4
2.9
35.4
4.0
12.2
3.8
15.8
354.6
5.9
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.2
14.5
62.1
85.5
38.4
15.0
990.5
94.5
1.5
11.0
16.8
64.1
37.8
25.5
251.3
20.9
28.4
2.8
24.9
77.1
19.9
12.4
42.1
2.4
32.1
29.9
70.7
28.3
3.2
32.0
3.0
6.2
27.3
8.5
29.3
5.8
4.7
357.7
2499.5
1296.2
1203.3
446.5
513.1
560.0
87.3
60.0
707.2
37.6
18.5
7.0
6.3
0.4
1.6
19.1
28.3
3.5
122.4
8.5
8.2
17.1
15.0
2.9
8.4
4.6
3.8
39.6
78.5
2.8
11.5
4.0
69.7
8.9
2.9
34.3
4.0
12.4
3.7
16.3
373.5
5.4
30.3
0.8
2.7
27.4
16.5
60.3
81.1
37.7
15.6
1008.2
97.8
2.1
11.3
17.6
66.2
39.0
28.3
262.3
21.4
32.9
3.1
23.1
80.5
22.0
13.6
50.5
2.6
33.5
29.9
75.4
30.4
3.3
32.5
2.5
6.3
28.8
9.1
30.0
6.3
4.9
381.6
2562.1
1297.0
1265.1
440.7
533.4
597.3
86.6
57.1
741.0
39.5
19.1
4.1
6.7
0.4
2.4
19.7
26.6
4.0
122.7
8.0
7.2
17.0
14.9
2.9
7.8
4.1
3.5
38.3
74.6
3.4
10.7
4.3
70.0
7.5
3.3
33.3
3.8
12.4
3.9
14.5
379.8
5.1
31.6
0.9
2.6
32.5
19.1
56.9
81.9
41.3
16.0
1013.3
101.7
2.5
10.9
17.4
67.0
44.3
29.1
272.9
21.9
34.5
3.1
26.3
85.9
23.9
14.3
63.5
2.5
36.1
28.2
81.2
30.1
3.6
33.1
3.0
7.8
31.2
9.6
31.8
6.4
5.4
411.6
2647.3
1338.4
1308.9
433.9
540.4
600.6
86.5
59.6
746.7
40.0
22.4
2.4
6.8
0.4
3.1
19.2
28.3
4.3
126.8
8.6
8.2
17.3
14.8
2.9
7.8
4.1
3.6
39.8
73.1
3.6
10.6
4.5
70.0
7.3
2.9
34.7
3.9
13.5
4.3
14.3
374.4
5.2
34.8
0.8
2.8
33.8
18.5
54.0
89.4
43.8
15.3
1022.7
107.4
3.7
11.5
17.4
72.4
53.5
32.9
298.8
22.8
36.8
3.4
27.8
90.7
23.0
15.3
73.2
2.9
37.2
30.0
84.4
30.4
3.4
33.8
3.1
7.4
32.1
10.5
33.6
6.7
5.1
432.0
2717.7
1362.2
1355.5
447.6
534.2
590.1
85.4
65.2
740.7
38.8
18.1
2.8
7.8
0.5
3.1
19.9
27.5
4.5
123.1
8.4
7.0
14.5
15.1
2.1
7.4
4.0
3.2
38.3
70.2
3.0
9.1
4.3
64.4
7.0
2.5
35.0
3.7
13.0
4.2
11.9
350.7
4.4
31.1
1.0
2.7
32.1
17.9
42.3
82.1
39.2
12.6
944.5
118.2
4.1
11.1
18.0
70.6
53.2
35.0
310.2
24.5
38.3
3.0
24.3
90.1
22.7
16.7
80.6
2.8
45.9
33.6
78.7
29.7
3.6
34.6
3.1
7.3
30.5
10.2
35.3
7.2
4.6
447.0
2655.7
1322.5
1333.2
418.6
487.1
619.3
85.5
65.2
770.1
39.0
24.1
4.8
8.2
0.5
4.9
20.9
29.9
4.8
137.0
9.1
6.7
17.7
17.0
2.3
8.4
4.5
3.6
42.7
75.0
3.3
9.8
4.7
68.5
7.4
2.8
39.2
3.7
14.0
4.6
12.2
372.7
5.0
31.2
1.4
3.0
35.1
20.4
46.9
89.3
41.0
13.6
1016.6
130.1
4.8
13.1
17.9
78.9
54.7
39.6
339.1
23.7
40.6
3.5
29.2
97.0
23.1
17.9
96.2
3.4
55.7
36.3
85.1
31.0
3.9
35.7
2.9
7.6
38.7
12.7
40.6
8.5
5.1
504.4
2864.1
1406.0
1458.1
452.6
521.7
626.5
90.8
69.0
786.2
41.1
24.0
4.8
8.0
0.5
5.5
20.8
30.0
6.0
140.8
8.5
7.3
16.5
14.9
2.6
7.6
3.8
3.1
36.8
67.1
4.1
9.4
4.1
64.2
8.3
3.1
34.3
3.9
14.1
4.7
12.5
382.1
4.6
29.0
1.1
2.7
41.2
22.5
48.3
74.5
44.2
14.2
995.2
138.2
4.5
15.3
19.7
83.0
56.2
38.3
355.3
25.1
44.7
3.5
29.3
102.6
23.0
18.1
117.5
2.7
55.0
33.5
95.0
28.8
3.5
35.2
3.2
7.9
41.7
14.0
41.9
7.6
5.6
534.2
2914.2
1394.6
1519.6
407.7
539.2
654.0
90.6
75.3
820.0
42.6
26.2
5.4
8.9
0.6
6.7
19.5
31.4
7.1
148.6
8.1
7.6
16.7
15.2
2.5
7.4
3.5
2.8
38.2
67.7
3.8
8.8
4.0
61.8
8.5
3.0
32.8
3.9
14.9
4.2
12.1
374.6
5.4
28.2
1.0
2.9
41.7
20.9
44.6
70.5
43.1
14.5
975.0
140.5
2.3
15.5
23.5
92.5
56.6
39.6
370.6
27.8
47.3
3.4
32.0
110.5
22.9
19.6
129.5
2.5
49.1
32.2
105.1
30.0
3.8
37.3
3.1
7.5
45.0
14.7
46.1
8.5
5.6
562.5
2987.1
1433.6
1553.5
399.5
526.4
4.1%
-0.4%
8.9%
4.0%
3.3%
8.9%
11.7%
10.9%
30.8%
21.7%
-6.2%
4.4%
18.4%
5.3%
-4.8%
3.7%
1.1%
1.7%
-7.1%
-2.9%
-6.9%
-10.9%
3.7%
0.7%
-7.9%
-6.5%
-3.2%
-4.0%
2.6%
-2.6%
-4.5%
-1.0%
5.1%
-9.8%
-3.5%
-2.2%
15.8%
-2.8%
-12.8%
7.6%
0.9%
-7.1%
-7.8%
-5.7%
-2.8%
1.9%
-2.3%
1.4%
-48.1%
0.9%
18.9%
11.1%
0.4%
3.1%
4.0%
10.8%
5.7%
-4.6%
8.8%
7.5%
-0.9%
8.2%
9.9%
-8.2%
-11.0%
-4.2%
10.3%
3.9%
8.8%
5.6%
-4.3%
-5.5%
7.8%
4.7%
9.6%
10.6%
1.1%
5.0%
2.2%
2.5%
2.0%
-2.3%
-2.6%
21.9%
3.0%
2.5%
27.5%
1.4%
0.9%
0.2%
0.3%
♦
0.2%
0.7%
1.1%
0.2%
5.0%
0.3%
0.3%
0.6%
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
1.3%
2.3%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
2.1%
0.3%
0.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.4%
12.5%
0.2%
0.9%
♦
0.1%
1.4%
0.7%
1.5%
2.4%
1.4%
0.5%
32.6%
4.7%
0.1%
0.5%
0.8%
3.1%
1.9%
1.3%
12.4%
0.9%
1.6%
0.1%
1.1%
3.7%
0.8%
0.7%
4.3%
0.1%
1.6%
1.1%
3.5%
1.0%
0.1%
1.2%
0.1%
0.3%
1.5%
0.5%
1.5%
0.3%
0.2%
18.8%
100.0%
48.0%
52.0%
13.4%
17.6%
†Less than 0.05.
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with
unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
25
Production by region
Consumption by region
Billion cubic metres
Billion cubic metres
3500
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America
87
92
97
02
07
12
3500
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America
3000
3000
2500
2500
2000
2000
1500
1500
1000
1000
500
500
0
87
92
97
02
07
12
World natural gas production increased by 1.9% in 2012. The US once again recorded the largest national increase. Production grew in every region except Europe &
Eurasia, where declines in Russia and the UK offset a gain in Norway. Natural gas consumption increased by a below-average 2.2%. As was the case with production,
the US recorded the largest national increase and consumption rose in every region except Europe & Eurasia; EU consumption fell to the lowest level since 2000.
Consumption per capita 2012
Tonnes oil equivalent
0-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
1.5-2.0
> 2.0
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.
26
0
Prices
$/Mmbtu
18
US Henry Hub
Average German Import Price cif
UK NBP
Japan LNG cif
15
12
9
6
3
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
0
Prices
US dollars per million Btu
LNG
Japan
cif
Average German
Import Price*
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
5.23
4.10
3.35
3.34
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
7.14
7.73
12.55
9.06
10.91
14.73
16.75
4.25
3.93
2.55
2.22
2.00
2.78
3.19
2.69
2.50
2.35
2.39
2.46
2.64
2.32
1.88
2.89
3.66
3.23
4.06
4.32
5.88
7.85
8.03
11.56
8.52
8.01
10.48
11.03
Natural gas
UK
(Heren NBP Index)†
US
Henry Hub‡
Canada
(Alberta)‡
Crude oil
OECD
countries cif
–
–
–
–
1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.76
2.53
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.07
3.33
5.63
5.85
8.79
6.76
6.95
8.85
3.89
4.39
4.01
2.76
–
–
–
–
–
1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.61
2.57
4.83
5.03
7.25
5.83
6.17
7.99
3.38
3.69
3.47
2.27
4.75
2.57
3.09
2.56
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.74
10.66
11.95
16.76
10.41
13.47
18.55
18.82
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.87
1.96
1.86
1.58
2.71
3.17
2.37
3.33
4.46
7.38
7.87
6.01
10.79
4.85
6.56
9.04
9.46
*Source: 1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2012 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).
†Source: ICIS Heren Energy Ltd.
‡Source: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).
27
From
n
O th
e
S ov r F o r m
iet U er
nion
a
My
O th
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.2
–
–
9.4
25.3
–
–
–
6.8
–
–
–
–
–
7.3
0.6
54.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.3
9.0
3.4
–
17.9
30.8
–
–
–
6.3
8.0
–
–
2.3
–
26.8
0.8
106.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.3
–
2.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
12.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.6
–
–
–
0.4
0.8
0.6
1.1
–
5.9
2.3
2.0
0.3
0.7
–
1.3
7.4
24.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
11.0
–
0.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.7
7.3
6.6
3.1
7.3
30.0
2.3
4.8
–
13.6
2.1
9.0
3.8
–
24.5
–
10.9
130.0
18.3
–
29.8
7.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
9.9
–
0.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.9
–
–
2.9
–
8.9
–
3.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
7.5
–
–
7.5
–
–
–
0.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
20.6
–
–
–
10.2
–
–
1.9
32.8
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
83.8
27.5
17.6
128.9
4.5
10.1
2.3
16.9
7.6
26.2
10.0
3.1
35.0
86.8
2.9
5.9
5.3
59.7
14.5
10.9
4.1
13.3
34.9
35.4
21.5
377.2
18.3
29.8
29.8
14.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
45.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
83.8
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
14.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
54.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
106.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
12.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
24.4
11.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
11.3
56.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
185.9
10.8
9.0
–
–
9.0
–
–
–
–
21.3
–
–
–
–
21.3
41.1
12.9
0.4
–
–
0.4
–
–
–
–
0.2
–
–
–
–
0.2
16.3
0.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
8.4
–
–
17.3
2.0
19.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
19.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.0
2.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
34.8
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.5
–
–
–
0.6
0.6
3.6
0.4
4.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.3
7.9
–
10.2
10.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
8.5
8.5
8.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
10.9
–
2.8
–
1.7
–
15.4
15.4
91.9
9.4
17.3
2.5
29.2
3.6
2.4
6.0
10.9
21.4
2.8
2.3
9.5
8.5
55.5
705.5
A lg
K az
O th
N or
N et
Me
†Less than 0.05.
Liby
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.3
2.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Q at
–
–
–
–
4.5
10.1
–
14.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Iran
†
–
–
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Unit
Indo
anm
nes
ar
ia
fric
er A
a
eria
ar
ak h
er E
Rus
Fed sian
e r at
ion
Turk
me
nist
a
u ro
st an
pe
om
ingd
w ay
ed K
s
land
her
via
O th
e
Am r S. &
eric
a C e nt .
83.8
–
–
83.8
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Boli
–
27.5
17.6
45.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
C an
O th
US
Canada
Mexico
North America
Argentina
Brazil
Other S. & Cent. America
S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Slovakia
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Europe
Belarus
Russian Federation
Ukraine
Other Former Soviet
Union
Former Soviet Union
Iran
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Middle East
South Africa
Other Africa
Africa
Australia
China
China Hong Kong SAR
Malaysia
Singapore
Thailand
Asia Pacifi c
Total exports
US
To
xico
ad a
Billion cubic metres
er A
sia
Pac
Tot
ific
impal
or t
s
Trade movements 2012 by pipeline
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, IHS CERA.
Trade movements 2012 – liquefied natural gas
US
Canada
Mexico
North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Other S. & Cent. America
S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Italy
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
China
India
Japan
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Asia Pacific
Total exports
†Less than 0.05.
*Includes re-exports.
28
–
–
†
†
–
0.2
–
–
0.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
0.1
–
–
0.1
0.4
–
–
–
0.5
0.8
–
–
–
–
0.4
–
–
–
0.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
–
–
0.1
0.4
3.2
0.8
0.2
4.2
3.7
0.8
3.1
2.4
10.1
–
–
–
2.5
–
–
0.2
2.6
0.4
0.2
–
0.4
1.1
0.1
0.1
1.9
19.1
–
–
1.2
1.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.6
–
–
–
2.6
–
–
–
1.1
–
–
0.4
1.5
5.4
0.2
–
–
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.6
–
0.2
0.1
1.7
0.2
0.2
0.8
3.1
0.2
–
–
0.6
0.1
0.1
–
0.7
4.7
–
–
–
–
0.7
0.4
–
–
1.1
–
–
0.1
0.7
0.2
–
0.2
1.1
–
–
0.2
0.5
0.2
0.1
–
0.9
3.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.5
–
11.3
3.0
–
–
14.8
14.8
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
5.4
5.7
–
–
11.2
11.2
1.0
1.0
1.7
3.6
0.1
1.1
–
0.2
1.3
4.5
1.8
5.8
4.3
1.2
13.3
0.2
31.1
2.9
6.8
16.1
21.3
14.2
7.9
0.3
66.5
105.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
–
–
7.5
–
–
–
7.5
7.6
0.6
–
0.4
0.9
–
–
0.3
–
0.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.8
0.6
0.4
3.6
–
0.5
5.9
7.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.8
1.0
3.6
4.1
0.1
0.8
14.4
–
0.1
0.6
0.2
–
–
–
0.9
15.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.4
–
0.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
0.1
–
–
–
3.8
0.5
0.2
–
4.5
4.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1
4.8
–
21.6
1.1
0.3
–
28.0
28.1
–
–
0.3
0.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.3
0.2
8.4
10.3
2.6
–
24.7
25.0
ia
Tot
impal
or t
s
lays
Ma
nes
ia
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
8.0
1.1
–
–
9.1
9.1
Indo
nei
Bru
trali
a
–
–
1.1
1.1
–
0.5
–
0.1
0.5
–
2.7
–
5.4
1.5
†
2.0
11.6
0.8
0.4
2.1
6.5
2.5
1.6
0.1
13.1
27.2
Aus
eria
Nig
pt
0.1
–
–
0.1
0.1
–
0.3
–
0.3
–
0.9
0.2
0.7
0.5
†
0.2
2.4
0.2
0.4
0.8
1.4
0.8
0.3
–
3.8
6.7
Eq u
Guinatorial
ea
Eg y
eria
A lg
en
Yem
ar
Q at
an
Om
Rus
Fed sian
e r at
ion
O th
Eu r e r
ope
*
w ay
N or
u
Per
Trin
& T idad
oba
go
zil*
Bra
U S*
To
Unit
Em e d A r a
irate b
s
From
Billion cubic metres
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.5
–
19.9
5.6
3.8
–
31.8
31.8
4.9
1.8
4.8
11.6
5.2
3.2
4.1
2.8
15.2
4.5
10.3
7.1
21.4
7.7
13.7
4.5
69.3
4.6
20.0
20.5
118.8
49.7
16.9
1.4
227.2
327.9
Source: Includes data from GIIGNL, Poten, Waterborne.
Major trade movements 2012
Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)
105.5
56.0
20.9
24.5
83.8
27.5
12.2
2.6
11.6
29.8
10.4
39.3
9.0
4.6
11.3
34.6
23.4
21.3
17.6
17.3
3.2
16.7
21.6
16.9
7.9
6.4
8.5
7.9
10.1
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
4.8
36.3
3.7
10.9
6.5
Pipeline gas
LNG
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, GIIGNL, IHS CERA, Poten, Waterborne.
Gas trade in 2011 and 2012
Billion cubic metres
US
Canada
Mexico
Trinidad & Tobago
Other S. & Cent. America
France
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe
Russian Federation
Ukraine
Other Former Soviet Union
Qatar
Other Middle East
Algeria
Other Africa
China
Japan
Indonesia
South Korea
Other Asia Pacific
Total World
†Less than 0.05.
Pipeline
imports
88.3
26.6
14.1
–
14.8
32.3
84.0
60.8
15.6
–
12.5
35.6
28.0
100.8
30.1
40.5
35.3
–
32.1
–
5.7
14.3
–
–
–
28.6
700.0
2011
LNG
imports
10.0
3.3
4.0
–
10.6
15.5
–
8.7
0.8
–
24.2
6.2
24.8
10.9
–
–
–
–
4.6
–
–
16.6
107.0
–
50.6
32.1
329.8
Pipeline
exports
LNG
exports
Pipeline
imports
40.7
88.2
0.1
–
14.8
2.2
11.7
0.1
50.4
95.0
0.5
0.7
16.0
10.1
207.0
–
63.0
19.2
9.1
34.4
8.3
3.1
–
9.3
–
16.3
700.0
1.7
–
–
18.5
5.2
–
–
–
–
4.5
0.8
–
0.1
0.6
14.2
–
–
100.4
28.2
17.8
40.0
–
–
29.3
–
68.7
329.8
83.8
27.5
17.6
–
16.9
35.0
86.8
59.7
14.5
–
13.3
34.9
35.4
97.6
29.8
29.8
32.3
–
29.2
–
6.0
21.4
–
–
–
34.1
705.5
2012
LNG
imports
4.9
1.8
4.8
–
15.2
10.3
–
7.1
0.8
–
21.4
7.7
13.7
8.2
–
–
–
–
4.6
–
–
20.0
118.8
–
49.7
38.8
327.9
Pipeline
exports
LNG
exports
45.1
83.8
†
–
16.9
1.2
12.5
0.1
54.5
106.6
0.7
0.6
12.0
9.3
185.9
–
68.8
19.2
8.4
34.8
11.0
2.8
–
10.2
–
21.0
705.5
0.8
–
–
19.1
5.8
0.2
–
–
–
4.7
1.2
–
–
1.7
14.8
–
–
105.4
25.9
15.3
38.8
–
–
25.0
–
69.0
327.9
Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, GIIGNL, IHS CERA, Poten, Waterborne.
29
Coal
Proved reserves at end 2012
Million tonnes
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Middle East & Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
Anthracite
and
bituminous
Subbituminous
and lignite
Total
108501
3474
860
112835
–
6366
479
45
6890
2
192
99
–
13
21500
4338
10
49088
200
529
15351
228
1440
92990
30156
502
860
1203
32721
37100
62200
56100
1520
340
33
300
–
–
–
150
1583
159326
404762
155926
248836
5101
86725
128794
3108
351
132253
4559
380
–
679
5618
2364
908
40600
3020
1647
12100
1371
281
107922
330
1814
18522
–
20735
211614
–
–
174
–
174
39300
52300
4500
4009
10
538
300
2070
126
1239
–
2125
106517
456176
222603
233573
51047
141309
237295
6582
1211
245088
4559
6746
479
724
12508
2366
1100
40699
3020
1660
33600
5709
291
157010
530
2343
33873
228
22175
304604
30156
502
1034
1203
32895
76400
114500
60600
5529
350
571
600
2070
126
1239
150
3708
265843
860938
378529
482409
56148
228034
Share
of total
R/P ratio
27.6%
0.8%
0.1%
28.5%
0.5%
0.8%
0.1%
0.1%
1.5%
0.3%
0.1%
4.7%
0.4%
0.2%
3.9%
0.7%
257
98
88
244
*
76
292
*
129
72
20
207
50
179
289
40
9
443
85
33
384
14
234
238
116
196
*
*
124
177
31
100
14
265
115
19
*
60
68
4
88
51
109
186
83
97
390
◆
18.2%
0.1%
0.3%
3.9%
◆
2.6%
35.4%
3.5%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
3.8%
8.9%
13.3%
7.0%
0.6%
◆
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
◆
0.1%
◆
0.4%
30.9%
100.0%
44.0%
56.0%
6.5%
26.5%
*More than 500 years.
Source of reserves data: Survey of Energy Resources 2010, World Energy Council.
than 0.05%.
Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from
known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves
would last if production were to continue at that rate.
◆Less
Prices
US dollars per tonne
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Northwest
Europe
marker price†
US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index‡
Japan coking
coal import
cif price
Japan steam
coal import
cif price
Asian marker
price†
38.53
33.68
37.18
44.50
41.25
38.92
32.00
28.79
35.99
39.03
31.65
43.60
72.08
60.54
64.11
88.79
147.67
70.66
92.50
121.52
92.50
28.53
29.85
31.72
27.01
29.86
29.76
31.00
31.29
29.90
50.15
33.20
38.52
64.90
70.12
62.96
51.16
118.79
68.08
71.63
87.38
72.06
57.82
55.26
51.77
54.47
56.68
55.51
50.76
42.83
39.69
41.33
42.01
41.57
60.96
89.33
93.46
88.24
179.03
167.82
158.95
229.12
191.46
48.45
45.71
43.66
47.58
49.54
45.53
40.51
35.74
34.58
37.96
36.90
34.74
51.34
62.91
63.04
69.86
122.81
110.11
105.19
136.21
133.61
–
–
–
–
–
–
29.48
27.82
31.76
36.89
30.41
36.53
72.42
61.84
56.47
84.57
148.06
78.81
105.43
125.74
105.50
†Source: IHS McCloskey Northwest Europe prices for 1992-2000 are the average of the monthly marker, 2001-2012 the average of weekly prices. The Asian prices are the average of the
monthly marker.
‡Source: Platts. Prices are for Central Appalachian 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO 2 coal, fob. Prices for 1992-2000 are by coal price publication date, 2001-2012 by coal price assessment date.
Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.
30
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
History
2012 by region
300
700
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East & Africa
Asia Pacific
World
250
600
500
200
400
150
300
100
200
50
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle East
& Africa
0
Asia
Pacific
100
92
97
02
07
12
0
World proved reserves of coal in 2012 were sufficient to meet 109 years of global production, by far the largest R/P ratio for any fossil fuel. Europe & Eurasia holds the
largest regional reserves while North America has the highest R/P ratio. The US holds the largest individual reserves, followed by Russia and China.
Distribution of proved reserves in 1992, 2002 and 2012
Percentage
Europe & Eurasia
Asia Pacific
North America
Middle East & Africa
S. & Cent. America
6.4
5.8
1.4 41.4
2.2 36.1
3.8 1.5 35.4
2002
Total 984453
million tonnes
1992
Total 981780
million tonnes
2012
Total 860938
million tonnes
22.8
26.2
28.5
29.7
30.9
27.9
Source: Survey of Energy Resources 2010, World Energy Council.
31
Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
570.1
34.3
5.3
609.6
1.9
25.7
5.9
0.4
33.9
4.3
24.3
1.1
55.0
9.1
2.7
37.8
71.3
6.6
117.3
7.2
11.5
42.8
18.2
17.9
427.2
0.6
124.1
2.5
1.3
128.0
184.3
775.2
138.5
63.5
0.8
2.8
1.6
1.5
5.7
9.2
19.6
1202.7
2401.9
1006.3
1395.6
205.0
201.4
553.6
31.8
4.6
590.1
1.8
32.5
5.1
0.5
39.9
4.5
24.2
1.3
54.1
9.0
2.8
43.3
71.4
7.0
127.1
6.8
10.4
41.6
17.2
19.0
439.8
0.7
134.1
1.8
1.6
137.5
189.4
917.4
144.4
70.3
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.5
5.3
10.8
20.3
1364.9
2572.7
990.0
1582.7
203.8
215.8
572.4
33.9
4.7
611.0
2.0
34.9
5.9
0.2
43.0
4.4
23.5
0.4
54.7
9.6
2.4
44.4
70.5
6.7
131.7
6.7
10.1
42.2
15.3
18.5
441.0
0.8
137.2
2.4
1.3
140.9
196.8
1061.3
155.7
81.4
0.7
3.3
1.5
1.4
5.6
14.7
22.1
1544.5
2781.3
1013.4
1767.9
199.1
222.2
580.2
35.3
5.2
620.7
2.4
38.4
5.3
0.3
46.3
4.1
23.5
0.2
53.2
9.4
2.0
44.2
68.7
6.6
139.2
6.4
12.6
41.0
12.5
17.7
441.2
1.0
137.7
2.2
1.2
141.1
205.7
1174.8
162.1
93.9
0.6
3.3
1.6
1.3
5.8
18.3
24.9
1692.2
2942.4
1026.1
1916.3
191.3
228.5
595.1
34.8
5.5
635.4
2.2
42.6
5.7
0.6
51.2
4.2
23.8
0.2
50.3
8.6
2.1
49.1
67.0
6.5
145.1
6.1
13.7
41.7
11.3
18.5
448.2
1.0
138.0
1.4
1.3
140.6
210.8
1264.3
170.2
119.2
0.7
3.6
1.7
1.3
5.3
21.8
25.3
1824.2
3100.7
1041.4
2059.3
184.6
239.9
587.7
35.7
6.0
629.4
2.3
45.4
4.5
0.3
52.5
4.7
23.6
0.2
51.5
9.0
2.0
50.0
62.3
6.7
148.0
5.7
16.0
39.9
10.3
20.6
450.7
1.0
139.6
1.3
1.0
141.9
217.1
1345.8
181.0
133.4
0.8
3.0
1.6
1.3
5.1
22.4
24.0
1935.6
3211.1
1040.3
2170.8
181.3
242.5
596.7
35.6
5.5
637.8
2.5
47.8
3.6
0.4
54.3
4.8
22.8
0.1
47.7
8.8
1.9
56.8
60.5
6.7
153.4
4.1
16.8
41.3
11.0
21.0
457.8
1.0
142.4
1.0
1.0
144.4
224.1
1401.0
195.6
147.8
0.7
3.0
1.8
1.2
5.0
23.0
25.8
2028.9
3324.2
1048.0
2276.2
173.4
256.2
540.8
33.1
5.0
578.9
1.9
47.3
2.4
0.5
52.2
4.5
21.0
†
44.4
8.6
1.9
51.5
56.4
6.4
142.1
3.8
17.1
38.4
10.9
20.3
427.2
0.7
141.2
1.1
0.9
143.2
232.1
1486.5
210.8
157.6
0.7
2.8
1.6
1.1
5.0
25.2
28.8
2152.1
3354.3
986.7
2367.6
162.7
236.5
551.2
35.4
5.8
592.4
2.0
48.3
2.0
0.3
52.7
4.9
20.8
0.1
43.7
7.8
1.9
54.0
55.5
5.8
151.1
3.4
15.8
39.9
11.2
20.1
436.0
0.6
145.0
1.7
1.1
147.8
236.0
1617.5
217.5
169.2
0.5
3.3
1.5
0.9
5.1
24.6
36.9
2313.2
3542.7
1000.2
2542.5
160.5
250.1
556.1
35.5
7.0
598.5
2.1
55.8
1.7
0.4
59.9
6.1
21.6
0.1
44.6
7.9
2.0
56.2
56.6
6.7
158.0
2.5
16.3
44.0
11.3
21.5
455.5
0.7
141.8
1.7
1.1
144.5
230.8
1758.0
215.7
217.3
0.7
3.1
1.4
0.9
6.0
24.9
41.1
2499.9
3759.1
1003.7
2755.4
165.0
263.8
515.9
35.2
6.6
557.7
2.2
58.0
1.2
0.5
61.8
5.4
20.7
0.1
45.7
7.9
1.9
58.8
58.8
6.4
168.1
2.4
15.4
45.9
10.2
21.2
469.0
0.7
146.6
1.7
1.1
149.3
241.1
1825.0
228.8
237.4
0.7
3.1
1.2
0.9
5.1
23.5
40.0
2606.8
3845.3
973.4
2871.9
165.1
278.6
-7.5%
-1.1%
-5.3%
-7.1%
5.7%
3.7%
-27.9%
9.3%
2.9%
-12.1%
-4.2%
-0.3%
2.0%
-0.5%
-3.0%
4.2%
3.6%
-4.3%
6.1%
-5.5%
-5.6%
4.0%
-10.1%
-1.5%
2.7%
-0.3%
3.1%
-0.3%
-0.3%
3.0%
4.2%
3.5%
5.8%
9.0%
3.6%
-0.3%
-13.5%
0.1%
-14.3%
-6.1%
-3.1%
4.0%
2.0%
-3.3%
3.9%
-0.2%
5.3%
13.4%
0.9%
0.2%
14.5%
0.1%
1.5%
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Notes: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
32
◆
◆
1.6%
0.1%
0.5%
◆
1.2%
0.2%
◆
1.5%
1.5%
0.2%
4.4%
0.1%
0.4%
1.2%
0.3%
0.6%
12.2%
◆
3.8%
◆
◆
3.9%
6.3%
47.5%
6.0%
6.2%
◆
0.1%
◆
◆
0.1%
0.6%
1.0%
67.8%
100.0%
25.3%
74.7%
4.3%
7.2%
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
552.0
31.8
6.8
590.5
0.5
10.8
2.4
2.2
–
0.7
–
†
0.9
17.5
3.0
†
0.1
6.0
6.5
20.6
4.2
4.1
12.7
84.6
9.8
3.4
1.8
13.3
22.8
0.1
8.9
0.8
56.7
4.1
7.6
103.0
4.0
22.7
2.2
0.1
19.3
–
38.9
35.7
1.0
21.9
520.1
1.1
7.6
–
–
–
–
0.1
8.9
0.6
1.2
76.2
7.1
85.1
51.1
0.4
728.4
5.4
151.8
18.0
106.6
3.6
1.4
2.4
4.7
–
49.1
32.7
9.2
5.3
19.0
1188.9
2411.0
1131.1
1279.9
316.6
169.5
562.5
31.7
7.9
602.1
0.7
11.1
2.3
2.4
–
0.7
–
†
2.0
19.2
3.3
†
0.1
5.8
7.2
20.8
5.7
5.5
13.6
87.2
9.4
3.6
1.7
14.0
25.2
0.2
9.1
0.7
57.7
3.8
7.8
104.0
4.2
21.0
2.2
0.1
20.7
–
40.3
38.1
0.7
23.1
536.9
1.1
7.9
–
–
–
–
0.1
9.1
0.6
1.2
81.4
6.3
89.5
49.4
0.4
868.2
6.6
156.8
24.2
112.2
5.3
2.0
2.9
4.7
–
51.1
35.1
9.4
5.5
19.5
1353.2
2610.0
1160.2
1449.8
326.9
174.5
566.1
29.8
6.6
602.6
0.8
12.0
2.6
2.0
–
0.7
–
–
1.8
20.0
3.3
†
0.1
5.6
7.1
20.9
4.6
5.0
13.5
85.4
9.0
3.3
1.8
16.0
26.5
0.2
9.1
0.8
57.3
3.7
7.4
99.5
4.1
22.0
2.3
0.1
21.8
–
39.1
36.6
1.2
23.7
531.2
1.2
8.0
–
–
–
–
0.1
9.2
0.6
1.2
85.2
7.1
94.2
50.8
0.4
1019.9
6.6
172.3
22.2
120.8
6.6
2.1
3.8
5.0
–
53.1
36.6
10.4
8.2
19.6
1538.1
2795.2
1171.1
1624.1
323.1
170.9
574.2
30.9
8.2
613.3
0.9
11.9
2.6
2.7
–
0.8
–
†
1.6
20.5
3.1
†
0.1
5.0
6.8
20.4
3.7
2.9
13.8
82.1
8.8
3.0
1.9
16.0
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.7
55.7
3.8
7.6
94.2
3.9
22.5
2.2
0.1
21.8
–
37.4
37.4
1.2
22.1
514.5
1.3
7.9
–
–
–
–
0.1
9.3
0.6
1.2
84.4
7.3
93.5
53.5
0.4
1128.3
6.7
184.4
25.4
121.3
6.9
2.3
4.1
5.7
–
54.8
38.1
11.2
8.0
21.0
1672.1
2923.2
1178.1
1745.1
314.4
164.2
565.7
29.9
8.2
603.7
0.3
11.8
3.2
2.4
–
0.6
–
†
1.8
20.2
3.1
†
0.1
4.8
6.9
21.1
5.6
4.7
12.5
83.5
8.1
3.2
1.6
16.4
29.8
0.2
8.5
0.6
58.0
3.8
8.5
96.7
3.8
19.8
2.3
0.1
25.9
–
39.7
40.9
1.7
19.2
531.3
1.2
7.8
–
–
–
–
0.1
9.2
0.6
1.2
85.4
6.8
94.0
56.0
0.5
1250.4
7.0
195.4
30.1
119.1
7.3
2.2
4.2
5.5
–
54.8
39.6
12.4
9.5
22.6
1816.8
3075.1
1180.2
1894.9
322.2
171.9
573.3
31.3
8.2
612.7
0.4
12.6
3.8
2.4
–
0.8
–
0.1
1.9
22.0
3.0
†
†
4.4
7.7
21.2
4.7
4.4
13.4
85.7
8.5
3.4
1.6
16.6
31.7
0.2
9.0
0.7
57.9
3.3
7.4
93.4
3.8
21.9
2.2
0.2
28.9
–
39.7
38.4
1.4
20.5
535.1
1.3
8.0
–
–
–
–
0.2
9.5
0.6
1.2
90.1
6.2
98.0
54.1
0.4
1320.3
7.5
210.3
37.8
125.3
8.8
1.7
5.1
5.9
–
59.7
41.8
14.1
10.1
19.3
1922.4
3199.8
1204.0
1995.8
324.1
170.9
564.1
29.6
6.7
600.4
1.1
12.7
4.1
2.8
–
0.8
–
0.1
2.0
23.5
2.8
†
†
3.9
7.5
19.9
4.1
3.0
12.7
80.1
8.1
3.3
1.4
16.4
33.4
0.2
8.5
0.7
56.0
2.5
7.4
100.4
3.7
15.5
2.0
0.1
29.2
–
40.2
35.6
1.4
21.0
521.0
0.9
7.9
–
–
–
–
0.2
9.0
0.6
1.1
96.9
6.4
105.0
54.6
0.6
1369.2
7.0
230.4
30.1
128.7
9.8
2.1
5.3
7.0
–
66.1
40.2
15.3
10.0
21.2
1997.4
3256.3
1178.4
2077.9
299.7
180.0
496.2
24.4
7.7
528.4
1.2
10.8
3.7
3.5
–
0.8
–
0.2
1.9
22.0
2.3
†
†
3.1
6.4
17.4
4.0
3.3
10.5
71.7
8.1
2.7
1.2
12.9
32.6
0.1
7.9
0.5
51.9
2.9
6.6
91.9
3.5
11.8
1.6
0.1
30.4
–
35.1
29.9
1.1
19.7
471.4
1.0
7.7
–
–
–
–
0.1
8.9
0.2
1.1
92.9
5.4
99.7
54.5
0.6
1470.7
7.6
251.5
34.6
108.8
10.6
1.6
4.7
6.7
–
68.6
38.7
14.5
14.0
20.7
2108.4
3238.7
1055.7
2183.0
264.4
164.8
523.9
25.0
8.5
557.5
1.0
13.3
4.2
4.0
–
0.8
–
0.2
2.0
25.4
2.5
†
†
3.3
6.8
18.2
3.8
4.3
11.3
76.6
7.4
3.0
1.2
14.3
31.6
0.2
7.9
0.6
56.4
1.7
6.1
90.2
3.4
9.8
2.1
0.1
30.9
–
37.9
31.0
1.1
21.1
484.8
0.9
7.7
–
–
–
–
0.2
8.8
–
1.1
90.0
6.4
97.4
51.6
0.6
1609.7
6.3
262.7
41.2
123.7
14.8
1.4
4.5
7.7
–
75.9
40.3
15.3
13.9
20.6
2290.2
3464.0
1117.2
2346.8
276.7
166.1
495.5
22.3
8.9
526.7
0.9
14.1
5.3
4.3
–
0.7
–
0.2
2.0
27.6
2.6
†
†
3.3
8.1
18.0
3.2
3.4
9.5
76.0
7.5
3.0
1.3
16.1
34.0
0.2
7.8
0.7
56.1
2.2
7.3
93.7
3.3
15.5
2.0
0.1
33.1
–
41.5
31.5
1.2
22.5
504.6
0.9
7.9
–
–
–
–
0.2
9.0
–
1.1
89.1
6.5
96.7
51.7
0.7
1760.8
7.7
270.6
48.9
117.7
14.8
1.4
4.3
8.3
–
83.6
41.5
16.0
15.0
21.2
2464.2
3628.8
1096.1
2532.7
283.4
175.9
437.8
21.9
8.8
468.5
1.0
13.5
6.7
4.0
–
0.8
–
0.2
2.0
28.2
2.0
†
†
3.0
7.0
16.6
2.5
2.9
11.4
79.2
7.5
3.0
1.5
16.2
35.0
0.2
8.5
0.7
54.0
2.9
6.7
93.9
3.2
19.3
1.5
0.1
31.3
–
44.6
39.1
1.2
22.2
516.9
0.9
8.8
–
–
–
–
0.2
9.9
–
1.1
89.8
6.6
97.5
49.3
0.7
1873.3
7.6
298.3
50.4
124.4
14.3
1.7
4.3
9.4
–
81.8
41.1
16.0
14.9
21.6
2609.1
3730.1
1053.1
2677.0
293.7
180.2
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
-11.9%
-2.2%
-0.7%
-11.3%
4.4%
-4.4%
25.1%
-7.3%
–
6.0%
–
5.3%
2.5%
2.0%
-23.8%
3.8%
1.2%
-9.5%
-13.4%
-7.8%
-23.4%
-15.1%
20.1%
3.9%
-0.5%
-1.9%
16.9%
0.3%
2.6%
-5.5%
8.2%
-0.5%
-4.0%
31.4%
-9.5%
11.7%
0.6%
0.2%
12.6%
◆
-3.5%
24.2%
-25.7%
6.5%
-5.6%
–6.9%
24.0%
-0.3%
-1.7%
2.2%
-2.1%
10.8%
–
–
–
–
-2.6%
9.2%
–
1.9%
0.5%
1.1%
0.6%
-4.9%
5.8%
6.1%
-1.7%
9.9%
2.8%
5.4%
-3.2%
21.3%
-1.8%
13.2%
–
-2.4%
-1.2%
-0.3%
-0.8%
1.6%
5.6%
2.5%
-4.2%
5.4%
3.4%
2.2%
◆
0.4%
0.2%
0.1%
–
◆
–
◆
0.1%
0.8%
0.1%
◆
◆
0.1%
0.2%
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%
0.3%
2.1%
0.2%
0.1%
◆
0.4%
0.9%
◆
0.2%
◆
1.4%
0.1%
0.2%
2.5%
0.1%
0.5%
◆
◆
0.8%
–
1.2%
1.0%
◆
0.6%
13.9%
◆
0.2%
–
–
–
–
◆
0.3%
–
◆
2.4%
0.2%
2.6%
1.3%
◆
50.2%
0.2%
8.0%
1.4%
3.3%
0.4%
◆
0.1%
0.3%
–
2.2%
1.1%
0.4%
0.4%
0.6%
69.9%
100.0%
28.2%
71.8%
7.9%
4.8%
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement
or conversion of coal supply and demand data.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
33
Production by region
Consumption by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Million tonnes oil equivalent
4000
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America
87
92
3500
97
02
07
12
4000
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America
3500
3000
3000
2500
2500
2000
2000
1500
1500
1000
1000
500
500
0
87
92
97
02
07
12
Global coal production grew by 2%. The Asia Pacific region accounted for all of the net increase, offsetting a large decline in the US. The Asia Pacific region now
accounts for more than two-thirds of global output. Coal consumption increased by a below-average 2.5%. The Asia Pacific region was also responsible for all of the
net growth in global consumption. A second consecutive large decline in North America (-11.3%) more than offset growth in other regions; EU consumption grew for
a third consecutive year.
Consumption per capita 2012
Tonnes oil equivalent
0-0.25
0.25-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
> 1.5
34
0
Nuclear energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
185.8
17.0
2.2
205.0
1.3
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
–
–
–
10.7
4.6
4.2
–
5.1
98.8
37.3
–
3.2
–
–
–
3.2
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
32.1
4.1
14.3
15.4
6.1
–
–
17.7
19.9
–
1.8
280.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
5.7
–
4.4
–
71.3
–
–
0.4
–
–
27.0
8.9
–
–
–
117.7
610.5
524.5
86.0
224.2
53.4
181.9
16.8
2.4
201.1
1.7
3.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.7
–
–
–
10.7
4.5
5.9
–
5.2
99.8
37.4
–
2.5
–
–
–
3.5
0.9
–
–
–
1.1
33.6
4.0
14.0
15.3
6.2
–
–
18.4
20.1
–
1.6
284.8
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
–
–
9.8
–
4.1
–
52.1
–
–
0.4
–
–
29.3
8.8
–
–
–
104.6
598.3
505.7
92.6
226.0
56.0
187.8
20.3
2.1
210.2
1.8
2.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
–
–
–
10.7
4.4
6.0
–
5.2
101.7
37.8
–
2.7
–
–
–
3.4
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1
–
–
19.7
18.1
–
1.8
287.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.4
–
3.4
–
–
11.4
–
3.8
–
64.7
–
–
0.5
–
–
29.6
8.9
–
–
–
119.0
624.9
530.4
94.6
228.9
56.4
186.3
20.7
2.4
209.4
1.6
2.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.8
–
–
–
10.8
4.2
5.6
–
5.3
102.4
36.9
–
3.1
–
–
–
2.3
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
33.4
4.0
13.0
16.4
5.2
–
–
20.1
18.5
–
1.9
285.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
12.0
–
4.0
–
66.3
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.2
9.0
–
–
–
125.2
626.7
532.4
94.3
226.0
56.4
187.5
22.0
2.5
212.0
1.7
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.8
–
–
–
10.6
4.4
5.9
–
5.2
102.1
37.9
–
3.0
–
–
–
2.0
0.8
–
–
–
1.3
35.4
4.1
13.6
15.2
6.3
–
–
20.4
17.1
–
1.9
287.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.7
–
2.7
–
–
12.4
–
4.0
–
69.0
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.7
9.0
–
–
–
128.7
635.2
537.6
97.6
224.3
58.4
192.1
21.0
2.4
215.4
1.6
2.8
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
–
–
–
10.9
3.3
5.9
–
5.4
99.7
31.8
–
3.3
–
–
–
2.2
1.0
–
–
–
1.7
36.2
3.5
12.5
15.2
6.3
–
–
20.9
14.3
–
1.9
275.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.8
–
2.8
–
–
14.1
–
4.0
–
63.1
–
–
0.6
–
–
32.3
9.2
–
–
–
123.3
621.8
521.8
100.1
211.9
60.0
192.0
21.1
2.2
215.4
1.6
3.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.8
–
–
–
10.3
3.6
6.0
–
5.3
99.6
33.7
–
3.4
–
–
–
2.2
0.9
–
–
–
2.5
36.9
3.8
13.3
14.5
6.2
–
–
20.3
11.9
–
2.0
276.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.7
–
2.7
–
–
15.5
–
3.4
–
57.0
–
–
0.4
–
–
34.2
9.2
–
–
–
119.7
619.0
516.8
102.2
212.5
60.0
190.3
20.3
2.4
213.0
1.8
2.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.7
–
–
–
10.7
3.5
6.2
–
5.4
92.8
30.5
–
3.5
–
–
–
2.5
1.0
–
–
–
2.7
37.0
3.2
11.9
11.9
6.2
–
–
18.8
15.6
–
1.9
265.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.1
–
3.1
–
–
15.9
–
3.8
–
65.0
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.4
9.4
–
–
–
128.2
614.1
511.6
102.5
202.5
58.8
192.2
20.3
1.3
213.8
1.6
3.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.9
–
–
–
10.8
3.5
6.3
–
5.2
96.9
31.8
–
3.6
–
–
–
–
0.9
–
–
–
2.6
38.6
3.3
14.0
13.2
6.0
–
–
20.2
14.1
–
1.8
272.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.1
–
3.1
–
–
16.7
–
5.2
–
66.2
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.6
9.4
–
–
–
131.7
626.4
521.1
105.2
207.6
59.3
188.2
21.4
2.3
211.9
1.3
3.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.9
–
–
–
10.9
3.7
6.4
–
5.3
100.0
24.4
–
3.5
–
–
–
–
0.9
–
–
–
2.7
39.1
3.5
13.1
13.8
6.1
–
–
20.4
15.6
–
2.0
271.5
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
19.5
–
7.3
–
36.9
–
–
0.9
–
–
35.0
9.5
–
–
–
109.1
600.4
488.9
111.5
205.3
60.1
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
183.2
-2.9%
21.7
0.8%
2.0 -13.3%
206.9
–2.6%
1.4
5.2%
3.6
2.2%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.0
3.0%
–
–
–
–
–
–
9.1 -16.7%
3.6
-3.6%
6.9
6.9%
–
–
5.3
-1.2%
96.3
-4.0%
22.5
-8.1%
–
–
3.6
0.4%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.9
-4.8%
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.6
-2.7%
40.3
2.7%
3.5
0.3%
13.9
6.0%
14.6
5.5%
5.8
-5.0%
–
–
–
–
20.4
-0.4%
15.9
1.8%
–
–
1.8 -10.8%
266.9
-2.0%
0.3 1252.0%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.3 1252.0%
–
–
–
–
3.2
11.3%
–
–
3.2
11.3%
–
–
–
–
22.0
12.5%
–
–
7.5
2.6%
–
–
4.1 -89.0%
–
–
–
–
1.3
46.5%
–
–
–
–
34.0
-3.1%
9.1
-4.3%
–
–
–
–
–
–
78.1 -28.7%
560.4
-6.9%
444.5
-9.3%
115.9
3.7%
199.8
-2.9%
61.2
1.6%
32.7%
3.9%
0.4%
36.9%
0.3%
0.6%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.9%
–
–
–
1.6%
0.6%
1.2%
–
0.9%
17.2%
4.0%
–
0.6%
–
–
–
–
0.2%
–
–
–
0.5%
7.2%
0.6%
2.5%
2.6%
1.0%
–
–
3.6%
2.8%
–
0.3%
47.6%
0.1%
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.1%
–
–
0.6%
–
0.6%
–
–
3.9%
–
1.3%
–
0.7%
–
–
0.2%
–
–
6.1%
1.6%
–
–
–
13.9%
100.0%
79.3%
20.7%
35.7%
10.9%
2012
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
Notes: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
35
Hydroelectricity
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
60.4
79.1
5.6
145.1
9.4
64.7
5.2
7.7
1.7
4.1
–
13.5
17.8
124.1
9.1
0.5
†
0.1
0.5
0.6
†
2.4
13.9
5.4
0.8
†
0.2
8.9
2.0
0.1
†
29.4
0.9
1.9
3.6
37.1
1.2
5.2
15.0
8.0
7.6
†
2.2
1.1
1.6
16.8
176.3
1.8
†
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.9
†
3.2
0.5
15.0
18.7
3.6
0.2
65.2
–
15.5
2.3
18.9
1.2
5.6
4.6
1.6
–
0.7
0.6
1.7
4.1
5.5
131.4
598.5
293.4
305.1
72.4
51.9
63.0
76.1
4.5
143.6
8.8
69.2
5.2
8.2
1.6
4.2
–
13.7
18.1
129.0
7.5
0.6
†
0.1
0.7
0.4
†
2.1
13.5
4.0
1.2
†
0.1
8.3
2.0
0.1
†
24.0
0.7
3.6
3.0
35.7
0.8
9.3
12.1
7.9
8.0
†
2.1
0.7
1.7
17.7
168.0
2.2
†
–
–
–
–
1.0
3.2
0.1
2.9
0.2
15.1
18.2
3.7
0.3
64.2
–
15.7
2.1
21.1
1.3
5.3
5.8
1.8
–
1.1
0.7
1.7
4.3
6.0
135.0
597.1
286.9
310.1
69.7
51.2
61.3
76.6
5.7
143.6
8.0
72.6
4.9
8.7
1.6
4.0
–
15.9
17.7
133.4
8.3
0.6
†
0.1
0.7
0.6
†
3.4
13.5
4.5
1.2
†
0.1
9.6
1.8
0.1
†
24.7
0.5
2.3
3.7
40.2
1.0
7.2
13.7
7.6
10.4
†
2.7
1.1
1.6
18.9
180.2
2.7
†
–
–
–
–
1.3
4.0
0.1
2.9
0.2
16.5
19.6
3.6
0.3
80.0
–
19.0
2.2
21.1
1.3
6.1
5.5
1.9
–
1.0
0.7
1.4
4.3
6.1
154.3
635.2
292.7
342.5
73.3
56.2
61.8
82.1
6.2
150.1
9.0
76.4
6.0
8.9
1.5
4.1
–
17.5
18.3
141.5
8.3
0.7
†
0.1
1.0
0.7
†
3.1
11.8
4.4
1.3
†
0.1
8.2
1.8
0.1
†
30.9
0.5
1.2
4.6
39.5
1.1
4.0
16.5
7.1
9.0
†
2.8
1.1
1.4
19.1
180.2
3.0
†
–
–
–
–
2.4
5.3
0.1
2.9
0.2
17.3
20.4
3.6
0.3
89.8
–
22.0
2.4
17.9
1.2
5.3
6.9
1.9
–
0.8
0.9
1.3
3.7
6.5
164.6
662.2
295.3
366.9
69.6
55.8
66.1
80.2
6.9
153.2
9.8
78.9
6.6
9.2
1.6
4.4
–
18.5
18.4
147.4
8.1
0.6
†
0.1
0.9
0.7
†
2.6
12.7
4.5
1.5
†
0.2
8.4
1.8
0.1
†
27.1
0.5
2.6
4.2
39.6
1.0
5.8
14.0
7.0
10.0
†
2.9
1.0
1.4
18.4
177.7
4.2
†
–
–
–
–
2.5
6.6
†
2.9
0.3
18.0
21.3
3.6
0.3
98.6
–
25.4
2.2
20.4
1.6
5.3
6.8
2.2
–
0.8
0.9
1.8
4.5
7.4
181.9
688.1
300.2
387.8
70.3
55.5
56.6
83.6
6.1
146.3
8.5
84.6
5.2
9.5
2.0
4.4
–
18.8
19.4
152.4
8.4
0.5
†
0.1
0.7
0.6
†
3.2
13.2
4.8
0.8
†
0.2
7.4
1.8
0.1
†
30.6
0.5
2.3
3.6
40.5
1.0
6.2
15.0
8.0
8.1
†
2.3
1.1
1.4
17.7
180.2
4.1
†
–
–
–
–
2.2
6.3
0.1
3.5
0.6
17.5
21.6
3.3
0.3
109.8
–
27.7
2.6
17.5
1.5
5.3
7.1
1.9
–
0.8
1.0
1.8
5.1
8.1
193.9
700.7
292.7
408.1
70.6
56.4
58.2
85.2
8.8
152.2
8.4
83.6
5.4
9.9
2.5
4.3
–
19.6
19.4
153.2
8.7
0.5
†
0.1
0.7
0.5
†
3.9
13.6
4.6
0.9
†
0.2
9.4
1.7
0.1
†
31.8
0.5
1.7
3.9
37.7
1.0
5.3
15.7
8.2
7.5
†
2.6
1.2
2.6
18.5
183.0
1.7
†
–
–
–
–
1.5
3.2
0.1
3.3
0.2
17.8
21.4
2.7
0.3
132.4
–
26.0
2.6
17.5
2.0
5.1
6.1
2.2
–
0.7
0.9
1.6
5.9
8.5
214.6
727.6
302.2
425.4
73.6
53.9
62.5
82.9
6.0
151.4
9.2
88.5
5.6
9.3
2.1
4.5
–
19.5
19.2
157.8
9.2
0.5
†
0.1
0.8
0.7
†
2.9
13.0
4.3
1.3
0.1
0.2
11.1
1.6
0.1
†
28.8
0.5
2.0
3.6
39.9
1.0
6.0
14.9
8.1
8.1
†
2.7
1.2
2.1
20.2
184.9
1.5
†
–
–
–
–
1.3
2.8
0.1
2.9
0.2
18.8
22.0
2.5
0.4
139.3
–
24.0
2.6
16.4
1.6
5.5
6.4
2.2
–
0.6
0.8
1.6
6.8
8.2
218.9
737.7
299.5
438.3
74.9
55.6
59.5
79.4
8.3
147.2
9.2
91.2
4.9
9.1
2.0
4.5
–
17.4
20.3
158.6
8.7
0.8
†
0.1
1.1
0.8
†
2.9
14.3
4.8
1.7
†
0.1
11.6
1.8
0.1
†
26.7
0.7
3.8
4.5
38.1
1.3
9.6
15.1
8.2
11.7
†
2.9
0.8
2.3
23.4
197.9
2.2
†
–
–
–
–
1.9
4.0
†
3.0
0.3
20.1
23.4
2.9
0.4
163.4
–
25.0
3.9
20.6
1.6
5.6
6.7
1.8
–
0.8
0.9
1.3
6.2
10.0
251.0
782.1
308.7
473.4
83.9
55.8
73.0
85.2
8.1
166.3
9.0
96.9
4.7
10.9
2.5
4.9
–
18.8
20.1
167.9
6.8
0.6
†
†
0.7
0.6
†
2.8
10.3
4.0
0.9
0.1
0.2
10.4
1.8
0.1
†
27.6
0.5
2.8
3.4
37.9
0.9
6.9
15.1
7.2
11.8
†
2.4
1.3
2.3
19.5
179.0
2.2
†
–
–
–
–
2.1
4.3
0.1
2.9
0.4
19.0
22.5
3.4
0.4
158.2
–
29.8
2.8
19.4
1.9
5.7
6.9
2.2
–
1.0
0.9
1.8
9.3
11.2
254.7
794.7
314.5
480.2
69.3
55.1
63.2
86.0
7.1
156.3
8.4
94.5
4.6
10.8
2.8
5.0
–
18.6
21.1
165.7
8.9
0.4
†
0.1
0.7
0.7
†
3.8
13.2
4.8
1.0
†
0.2
9.4
1.8
0.1
†
32.3
0.5
1.5
2.8
37.8
1.0
4.6
17.8
8.6
13.1
†
2.4
1.2
2.3
19.8
190.8
2.9
†
–
–
–
–
2.2
5.1
0.1
3.0
0.4
20.6
24.1
4.1
0.4
194.8
–
26.2
2.9
18.3
1.8
5.2
6.4
2.5
–
0.7
1.2
2.0
11.9
10.7
289.0
831.1
315.6
515.5
74.0
54.9
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
-13.6%
0.7%
-12.9%
-6.3%
-7.0%
-2.8%
-2.5%
-1.7%
9.6%
1.8%
–
-1.8%
5.0%
-1.6%
30.1%
-32.1%
9.7%
90.6%
10.3%
6.7%
3.3%
34.7%
27.4%
19.4%
6.6%
-7.2%
41.0%
-9.8%
1.2%
-42.7%
85.5%
16.7%
-12.9%
-45.7%
-18.9%
-0.6%
5.5%
-33.2%
17.8%
19.3%
10.3%
7.6%
10.4%
0.9%
18.8%
1.0%
11.4%
0.6%
1.3%
0.3%
0.6%
–
2.2%
2.5%
19.9%
1.1%
-0.4%
-8.3%
-1.3%
1.3%
6.3%
28.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.3%
2.4%
23.0%
0.3%
–
–
–
–
8.0%
18.5%
2.6%
3.0%
-3.1%
8.1%
7.2%
19.7%
-3.8%
22.8%
–
-12.3%
2.7%
-5.7%
-1.6%
-9.4%
-6.7%
11.6%
–
-32.2%
41.3%
6.2%
28.7%
-4.7%
13.2%
4.3%
0.1%
7.1%
6.5%
-0.6%
–
–
–
–
0.3%
0.6%
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
0.1%
0.1%
♦
0.5%
1.6%
0.6%
0.1%
♦
♦
1.1%
0.2%
♦
♦
3.9%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
4.5%
0.1%
0.6%
2.1%
1.0%
1.6%
♦
♦
♦
0.4%
0.1%
2.5%
2.9%
0.5%
♦
23.4%
–
3.1%
0.3%
2.2%
0.2%
0.6%
0.8%
0.3%
–
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.4%
1.3%
34.8%
100.0%
38.0%
62.0%
8.9%
6.6%
*Based on gross primary generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal
power station.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
36
Nuclear energy consumption by region
Hydroelectricity consumption by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Million tonnes oil equivalent
700
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America
900
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America
600
800
700
500
600
400
500
400
300
300
200
200
100
100
87
92
97
02
07
12
0
87
92
97
02
07
12
0
World nuclear power generation declined by 6.9%, the largest decline on record for a second consecutive year. Japanese nuclear output fell by 89%. Nuclear’s share of
global primary energy was the lowest since 1984. Global hydroelectric output grew by an above-average 4.3%. China accounted for all of the net increase, recording the
largest national annual increment in our data set.
Other renewables consumption by region
Other renewables share of power generation by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Percentage
250
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America
9
World
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America
225
200
8
7
175
6
150
5
125
4
100
3
75
2
50
1
25
92
94
96
98
00
02
04
06
08
10
12
0
92
94
96
98
00
02
04
06
08
10
12
0
Renewable energy in power generation grew by an above-average 15.2%. Europe & Eurasia delivered the largest growth increment and continues to hold the largest
regional share of the global total (accounting for 41.7% of the world total). Renewable energy accounted for a record 4.7% of global power generation, with an 8.2% share
in Europe & Eurasia.
37
Renewable energy
Other renewables consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
18.7
2.3
1.3
22.3
0.2
3.1
0.5
0.1
–
†
†
–
1.1
5.1
0.4
–
–
0.4
–
0.1
1.5
2.0
0.8
5.0
0.2
†
0.1
2.2
–
†
0.9
0.1
0.1
0.5
–
†
†
2.9
1.1
0.2
0.1
–
†
1.4
–
0.4
20.5
–
†
–
–
–
–
†
†
–
†
0.1
0.4
0.5
0.4
†
0.8
–
1.0
1.4
4.8
–
0.8
–
2.3
0.2
0.1
0.7
0.2
–
†
12.5
60.9
49.2
11.7
19.7
0.1
18.8
2.3
1.6
22.7
0.3
3.5
0.4
0.1
–
†
†
–
1.4
5.8
0.5
–
–
0.4
–
0.1
1.8
2.1
0.9
6.2
0.3
†
0.1
2.6
–
†
0.9
0.2
0.1
0.5
†
0.1
†
3.6
1.2
0.2
0.1
–
†
1.7
–
0.4
23.9
–
†
–
–
–
–
†
†
–
0.1
0.1
0.5
0.6
0.6
†
0.8
–
1.2
1.4
5.2
–
0.7
–
2.1
0.2
0.1
0.7
0.3
–
†
13.4
66.4
53.5
12.8
23.1
0.1
19.6
2.3
1.7
23.6
0.3
3.7
0.5
0.2
†
†
†
–
1.4
6.1
0.7
–
†
0.5
†
0.2
2.2
2.4
1.0
8.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
2.9
–
†
1.2
0.2
0.2
0.6
†
0.1
†
4.4
1.8
0.2
0.1
–
†
2.1
–
0.4
29.9
†
†
–
–
–
–
†
†
–
0.1
0.1
0.5
0.7
0.8
†
0.9
–
1.9
1.5
5.4
–
0.8
–
2.3
0.2
0.1
0.7
0.3
–
†
15.1
75.5
61.1
14.4
29.0
0.1
20.6
2.5
1.8
25.0
0.3
4.2
0.4
0.2
†
0.1
†
–
1.3
6.5
0.9
–
†
0.6
†
0.2
2.2
2.2
1.1
9.6
0.3
0.4
0.3
3.1
–
†
1.7
0.2
0.4
0.8
†
0.1
†
5.6
1.9
0.2
0.1
–
†
2.7
–
0.5
35.1
†
†
–
–
–
–
†
†
–
0.1
0.1
0.6
0.7
1.2
†
1.1
–
2.3
1.5
6.5
–
1.0
–
2.2
0.2
0.1
0.7
0.4
†
0.1
17.2
84.6
69.1
15.5
34.1
0.2
22.7
2.6
1.7
27.1
0.7
4.3
0.3
0.2
†
0.1
†
–
1.3
7.0
1.2
–
†
0.8
†
0.2
2.1
2.5
1.4
11.7
0.4
0.3
0.4
3.5
†
†
1.8
0.3
0.5
1.1
†
0.1
0.1
6.2
2.1
0.3
0.1
–
†
3.1
–
0.7
40.7
†
†
–
–
–
–
†
†
–
0.1
0.1
0.7
0.9
1.4
†
1.5
†
3.3
1.5
6.6
–
1.0
–
2.4
0.2
0.1
0.8
0.3
†
0.1
19.3
95.0
77.1
17.9
39.4
0.2
24.7
2.7
1.9
29.4
0.7
5.0
0.6
0.2
†
0.1
†
–
1.5
8.2
1.4
–
†
1.0
†
0.3
2.3
2.3
1.9
15.2
0.5
0.3
0.5
3.8
†
†
1.7
0.3
0.7
1.4
†
0.1
0.1
7.2
2.5
0.3
0.2
–
†
3.3
–
1.0
48.3
†
†
–
–
–
–
†
†
–
0.1
0.1
0.6
0.8
1.6
†
1.9
†
4.0
1.6
6.9
†
1.1
–
2.3
0.2
0.2
0.9
0.4
†
0.1
21.4
108.1
88.0
20.1
46.5
0.2
29.5
2.6
1.8
33.9
0.7
5.5
0.7
0.2
†
0.1
†
–
1.7
9.0
1.4
–
†
1.2
†
0.4
2.3
2.4
2.3
16.4
0.6
0.5
0.6
4.1
†
†
2.1
0.3
1.0
1.8
†
0.1
0.1
8.7
2.8
0.3
0.3
–
†
3.8
–
1.1
54.7
†
†
–
–
–
–
†
†
–
0.2
0.1
0.6
0.9
1.7
†
3.6
†
4.8
1.9
6.8
†
1.3
–
2.4
0.2
0.3
0.9
0.6
†
0.1
24.7
123.2
99.2
24.1
52.7
0.2
33.6
3.4
1.9
38.9
0.7
5.9
1.0
0.2
†
0.1
†
–
2.0
9.9
1.4
†
†
1.5
0.1
0.5
2.3
2.0
2.8
17.1
0.6
0.6
0.7
4.6
†
0.1
2.4
0.3
1.4
2.3
†
0.1
0.1
10.7
3.1
0.3
0.5
–
†
4.5
–
1.2
61.4
0.1
†
–
–
–
†
†
0.1
–
0.2
0.1
0.7
1.0
1.7
†
6.9
†
6.3
2.1
6.8
0.3
1.6
†
2.4
0.3
0.5
0.9
0.7
†
0.1
30.7
142.0
111.5
30.5
59.1
0.3
38.9
4.1
2.0
45.0
0.5
7.3
0.6
0.2
0.1
0.2
†
–
2.1
11.0
1.5
†
0.1
1.8
0.2
0.7
2.8
2.5
3.4
18.9
0.7
0.6
0.7
5.8
†
0.1
2.5
0.3
1.8
2.8
0.1
0.1
0.2
12.5
3.5
0.3
0.9
–
†
5.0
–
1.3
71.1
†
†
–
–
–
†
†
0.1
–
0.3
0.1
0.9
1.2
1.9
†
14.1
†
7.6
2.1
7.2
0.3
1.8
†
2.3
0.3
0.6
1.0
0.8
†
0.1
40.2
168.6
127.6
41.0
68.3
0.4
45.0
3.9
2.0
50.9
0.5
9.0
0.9
0.2
0.1
0.2
†
–
2.1
13.0
1.5
–
0.1
2.2
0.2
1.2
3.2
2.6
4.4
24.0
0.9
0.6
1.1
8.4
†
0.1
2.8
0.4
2.4
2.8
0.3
0.1
0.2
12.6
4.0
0.4
1.3
–
†
6.6
–
1.4
85.9
†
0.1
–
–
–
†
†
0.1
†
0.3
0.1
0.9
1.3
2.2
†
25.4
†
9.2
2.2
7.5
0.3
2.0
†
2.3
0.3
0.7
1.2
0.9
†
0.1
54.4
205.6
149.1
56.4
82.5
0.5
*Based on gross generation from renewable sources including wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste, and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply.
Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
◆Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Other renewables data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
38
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
50.7
12.3%
4.3
10.5%
2.0
-1.7%
57.0
11.6%
0.6
13.4%
11.2
24.5%
0.9
1.5%
0.2
0.7%
0.1
5.9%
0.2
6.6%
†
–
–
–
2.4
14.1%
15.6
20.1%
1.6
8.9%
–
–
♦
0.1
2.6
16.4%
0.3
42.2%
1.3
12.4%
3.4
4.2%
2.6
0.1%
5.4
22.8%
26.0
8.2%
1.1
21.3%
0.6
5.1%
1.0
-4.1%
10.9
29.5%
♦
†
0.2
11.9%
2.7
-1.3%
0.5
14.3%
3.1
28.0%
3.1
10.1%
0.6 102.3%
0.1
5.9%
0.3
24.1%
14.9
18.3%
4.2
6.0%
0.4
10.1%
1.6
21.6%
–
–
0.1 386.9%
8.4
28.2%
–
–
1.7
15.4%
99.1
15.1%
♦
†
0.1
46.3%
–
–
–
–
–
–
♦
†
♦
†
0.1
27.5%
0.1
86.6%
0.3
1.1%
0.1
–
0.9
4.0%
1.4
4.8%
2.8
23.3%
♦
†
31.9
25.1%
†
22.0%
10.9
18.4%
2.2
2.0%
8.2
8.5%
0.3
-3.3%
2.0
1.8%
†
–
2.3
1.9%
0.3
-3.1%
0.8
13.7%
1.1
-1.8%
1.2
23.3%
♦
†
0.1
0.2%
64.1
17.7%
237.4
15.2%
169.2
13.2%
68.2
20.5%
95.0
14.9%
0.6
33.5%
21.4%
1.8%
0.8%
24.0%
0.3%
4.7%
0.4%
0.1%
2012
♦
0.1%
♦
–
1.0%
6.6%
0.7%
–
♦
1.1%
0.1%
0.6%
1.4%
1.1%
2.3%
10.9%
0.5%
0.2%
0.4%
4.6%
♦
0.1%
1.2%
0.2%
1.3%
1.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
6.3%
1.8%
0.2%
0.7%
–
0.1%
3.5%
–
0.7%
41.7%
♦
♦
–
–
–
♦
♦
0.1%
♦
0.1%
♦
0.4%
0.6%
1.2%
♦
13.4%
♦
4.6%
0.9%
3.4%
0.1%
0.8%
♦
1.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.5%
0.5%
♦
0.1%
27.0%
100.0%
71.3%
28.7%
40.0%
0.3%
Biofuels production
Thousand tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Belgium
Finland
France
Germany
Italy
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
Total Africa
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
South Korea
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share
of total
3987
113
4100
9
6149
–
123
6280
22
–
–
337
385
180
–
–
–
122
31
3
126
1206
–
6
–
146
91
–
1
–
–
238
11830
5307
6523
1206
–
5226
113
5339
9
7068
–
151
7227
26
–
–
368
613
232
–
28
–
173
32
9
138
1619
–
6
–
396
94
–
2
–
–
491
14682
6960
7722
1619
–
6374
114
6488
9
7154
–
148
7311
48
–
1
387
890
272
6
6
–
210
43
9
165
2037
–
6
4
493
99
–
4
3
–
604
16446
8522
7924
2028
11
7478
133
7612
9
7835
14
235
8093
70
1
6
439
1525
340
3
109
1
282
48
39
293
3157
–
6
20
622
114
9
9
52
10
834
19701
10779
8922
3133
22
9746
160
9906
29
8729
131
515
9405
105
21
11
665
2488
585
22
144
70
251
81
219
395
5058
–
6
54
846
134
44
39
80
106
1304
25678
15021
10657
5007
28
13456
461
13922
228
11323
141
610
12303
220
140
51
1121
3181
443
80
96
153
352
139
359
491
6826
–
6
70
901
136
216
74
138
196
1732
34788
20780
14008
6748
50
19149
501
19654
632
14093
239
787
15751
263
278
96
2012
2720
617
77
278
145
359
171
276
931
8224
–
11
111
1096
161
528
141
494
385
2916
46556
27900
18656
8078
130
21697
721
22422
1048
13962
326
606
15942
354
473
267
2312
2728
758
241
393
202
958
238
180
1175
10280
–
15
174
1124
183
464
343
618
422
3329
51988
32897
19091
10096
210
25568
790
26371
1656
15575
318
314
17863
375
462
363
2269
2888
670
385
421
275
1267
214
304
1231
11125
4
30
251
1441
164
718
491
661
345
4071
59465
37928
21536
10976
182
28518
929
29459
2218
13197
386
457
16259
370
503
363
1859
2825
456
559
398
293
809
212
253
1242
10143
4
23
265
1597
210
1104
211
721
289
4397
60286
39726
20560
9998
159
27360
949
28321
2267
13547
403
458
16675
370
510
363
1820
2894
313
459
630
338
575
227
321
1203
10022
4
23
251
1729
294
1212
211
994
483
5174
60220
38457
21763
9878
174
-4.3%
1.9%
-4.1%
1.9%
2.4%
4.0%
–
2.3%
-0.3%
1.1%
-0.3%
-2.4%
2.2%
-31.6%
-18.0%
57.9%
15.0%
-29.1%
6.6%
26.2%
-3.4%
-1.5%
–
–
-5.6%
8.0%
39.9%
9.4%
-0.3%
37.5%
66.5%
17.3%
-0.4%
-3.5%
5.6%
-1.5%
9.4%
45.4%
1.6%
47.0%
3.8%
22.5%
0.7%
0.8%
27.7%
0.6%
0.8%
0.6%
3.0%
4.8%
0.5%
0.8%
1.0%
0.6%
1.0%
0.4%
0.5%
2.0%
16.6%
◆Less
than 0.05%.
Notes: Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is included in oil consumption tables.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
♦
♦
0.4%
2.9%
0.5%
2.0%
0.4%
1.6%
0.8%
8.6%
100.0%
63.9%
36.1%
16.4%
0.3%
Source: Includes data from F.O. Lichts; US Energy Information Administration.
World biofuels production
Million tonnes oil equivalent
80
Rest of World
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
North America
Ethanol 2002
Ethanol 2012
Biodiesel 2002
Biodiesel 2012
30
60
20
40
10
20
02
04
06
08
10
12
0
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Rest of World
0
World biofuels production declined by 0.4% in 2012, the first decline since 2000. Increased output in South America and Asia Pacific was outweighed by declines in North
America and Europe. Global ethanol output declined by 1.7%, the second straight annual decline. Biodiesel production grew by 2.7% and has doubled in the last five years
and now makes up 31% of total biofuel supply.
39
Primary energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
2002
2295.5
305.1
140.5
2741.1
56.7
186.1
25.2
25.5
8.6
12.1
12.1
69.4
79.2
474.9
33.3
10.9
21.7
62.3
18.2
41.6
19.9
28.2
255.8
334.0
33.0
23.6
14.5
175.4
40.9
8.5
91.2
43.6
87.7
25.5
38.6
628.2
18.7
137.5
50.7
29.3
73.1
15.4
133.0
221.7
55.0
80.7
2852.0
144.3
20.1
21.7
13.0
127.6
52.8
84.9
464.3
28.6
53.5
103.7
106.2
291.9
113.5
14.8
1073.8
20.8
310.8
107.5
513.3
53.1
19.3
47.4
25.8
41.6
203.0
94.5
72.1
21.4
41.1
2773.7
9597.8
5454.4
4143.4
1743.1
937.7
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
than 0.05%.
Notes: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.
Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.
40
2010
2011
2012
2302.3 2348.8 2351.2 2332.7 2372.7 2319.8 2205.8 2281.2 2265.2 2208.8
328.8
312.1
315.5
324.1
321.4
327.5
326.1
311.7
315.6
328.6
187.7
147.6
153.4
164.5
168.8
167.8
170.8
171.7
173.9
180.5
2762.1 2817.7 2839.8 2822.9 2867.9 2816.7 2689.2 2770.8 2774.3 2725.4
82.1
61.1
64.4
68.8
71.8
74.7
76.5
75.7
77.3
80.4
274.7
189.7
199.9
206.5
212.4
225.9
236.0
235.2
257.5
269.7
35.5
25.7
27.3
28.3
30.3
30.7
30.4
30.6
29.9
33.3
36.5
26.2
26.8
28.2
28.8
29.5
30.4
31.9
33.3
35.9
14.4
8.9
9.2
9.7
10.3
10.9
11.6
11.5
12.8
13.6
22.3
12.0
12.8
13.4
13.6
14.9
16.2
16.6
18.9
20.6
21.2
13.2
14.5
15.9
20.5
21.4
21.0
21.7
22.8
22.4
86.8
61.4
68.6
71.0
77.1
76.0
83.0
82.3
83.2
84.7
91.8
82.8
83.3
82.9
84.6
86.9
85.1
84.7
87.3
89.0
665.3
480.9
506.8
524.8
549.4
570.9
590.3
590.2
623.0
649.5
33.1
34.0
34.7
35.2
35.0
34.2
34.8
34.1
35.2
32.0
12.2
11.8
12.6
13.8
13.6
12.3
12.3
10.9
10.7
11.9
25.9
21.3
23.4
23.8
25.3
24.4
25.7
24.0
25.2
25.6
60.6
65.2
65.0
64.6
64.7
65.0
67.2
62.7
66.4
63.7
17.9
19.3
19.0
19.6
20.0
19.4
19.5
17.0
17.8
19.1
41.9
43.7
45.3
45.3
46.1
45.5
44.5
41.8
43.5
42.8
17.0
21.4
20.5
19.8
21.9
20.9
20.0
18.8
19.6
18.3
26.4
30.4
30.4
28.1
29.4
29.4
28.7
26.7
28.9
26.9
245.4
259.9
264.3
263.0
261.3
257.9
258.9
245.0
253.1
244.7
311.7
336.8
337.1
333.1
339.6
324.5
326.8
307.7
322.4
307.5
28.8
32.7
34.2
33.9
34.9
34.9
34.5
33.1
31.1
30.4
21.9
24.2
24.3
26.0
25.8
25.5
25.2
23.0
23.7
23.0
13.0
14.2
14.6
15.1
15.5
15.9
15.7
14.4
14.4
13.3
162.5
181.0
184.6
185.1
184.6
181.8
180.4
168.1
173.2
169.6
58.1
44.6
44.6
47.2
50.7
52.4
53.3
50.1
50.0
55.7
6.0
8.9
9.0
8.3
8.0
8.6
8.6
7.8
5.9
6.1
89.1
92.0
95.0
96.7
96.1
95.6
93.6
92.3
96.5
91.9
48.1
39.2
39.9
46.0
42.4
46.1
47.1
43.9
42.1
43.2
97.6
90.1
91.4
91.2
94.7
95.7
96.2
92.1
99.5
99.8
22.7
25.8
25.4
25.6
25.5
25.4
23.8
24.2
25.4
24.1
33.6
37.8
39.0
39.8
40.6
37.5
38.5
34.0
34.3
35.4
694.2
642.2
649.2
647.9
675.6
680.1
683.5
647.8
674.0
696.5
16.9
18.1
17.6
18.8
17.9
17.2
17.7
16.0
17.0
16.5
144.8
145.3
151.2
153.7
155.1
159.6
155.5
145.1
146.6
145.6
52.9
48.3
52.1
53.8
50.7
51.8
51.5
47.2
50.7
50.5
29.0
29.1
28.8
27.7
28.9
28.6
29.7
29.7
29.0
27.5
119.2
78.1
82.9
86.0
96.2
103.1
102.7
102.8
110.4
118.1
25.8
17.2
17.8
18.8
20.7
23.8
23.6
22.6
24.8
27.1
125.3
136.6
137.5
136.1
137.5
135.4
131.9
112.2
120.9
125.6
203.6
225.4
227.3
228.2
225.5
218.3
219.8
207.7
213.8
200.5
50.5
51.8
49.6
46.1
45.9
48.7
52.3
46.7
48.0
51.6
92.7
84.3
89.4
89.4
87.2
89.5
91.1
88.1
93.9
92.4
2910.9 2957.7 2967.7 3017.0 3009.2 3014.6 2837.8 2948.0 2936.6 2928.5
234.2
152.2
158.6
179.5
189.8
195.7
202.1
214.3
221.5
227.0
24.8
20.7
21.0
21.6
21.8
22.9
23.8
23.1
23.4
24.0
36.4
25.5
28.5
30.5
28.9
28.8
30.4
31.5
34.8
35.7
31.6
14.1
16.9
20.8
22.2
22.6
23.4
24.1
24.9
27.5
222.2
135.8
147.4
152.4
158.6
165.0
179.2
186.4
202.4
207.5
89.3
56.2
60.1
62.3
65.3
72.5
82.9
81.3
84.8
88.1
123.5
80.9
85.9
91.6
90.2
91.6
103.2
107.7
116.3
117.7
761.9
485.4
518.4
558.7
576.7
599.1
645.1
668.3
708.0
727.4
44.6
30.0
31.1
32.6
33.5
35.4
37.5
39.6
38.6
40.7
87.1
56.9
59.6
62.5
65.8
69.9
74.1
76.9
81.2
82.7
123.8
109.4
115.5
115.0
116.8
122.9
128.5
124.0
123.1
122.2
147.8
107.8
116.6
123.0
121.6
126.3
133.1
131.3
142.8
138.4
403.3
304.1
322.7
333.1
337.7
354.5
373.1
371.9
385.7
384.0
125.7
112.6
115.2
119.0
125.1
125.4
125.2
124.3
123.2
126.5
26.3
15.7
16.4
17.4
18.7
19.3
20.4
21.4
23.1
24.4
1245.3 1466.8 1601.2 1764.7 1878.7 1969.9 2101.5 2338.0 2540.8 2735.2
28.1
21.2
24.3
22.9
24.7
26.2
24.5
27.0
27.7
28.6
563.5
320.8
345.1
366.8
390.0
420.1
446.5
484.1
511.6
534.8
159.4
116.4
115.4
118.8
121.5
129.4
123.3
133.6
148.7
158.6
478.2
514.6
526.8
531.4
530.1
526.7
520.7
477.9
506.7
481.1
76.3
55.7
55.7
61.3
65.9
69.6
71.0
70.6
76.1
74.9
19.6
18.7
19.5
18.8
19.0
19.0
19.1
19.1
19.7
19.5
69.3
52.4
56.8
58.9
61.8
65.2
64.9
67.0
68.0
68.1
30.2
26.5
27.4
27.6
25.9
27.3
27.1
27.5
27.9
28.8
74.0
39.4
44.2
49.6
53.1
58.5
61.3
64.8
70.8
73.9
271.1
209.8
213.8
220.8
222.9
231.9
236.4
237.4
254.6
267.8
109.4
98.9
104.2
106.5
108.0
112.9
106.8
104.4
110.6
109.8
117.6
77.1
82.4
86.5
88.9
92.7
95.5
99.3
105.0
111.1
52.0
22.5
28.7
29.8
32.3
34.9
36.7
42.1
43.7
48.4
56.3
42.9
43.9
46.5
49.6
48.1
49.7
50.3
52.5
56.1
2990.4 3286.5 3483.7 3702.0 3885.9 3999.0 4152.4 4507.9 4753.2 4992.2
9933.8 10409.9 10707.7 11005.6 11287.5 11438.7 11309.8 11943.4 12225.0 12476.6
5517.7 5627.9 5676.4 5684.2 5723.1 5669.4 5399.5 5593.1 5538.3 5488.8
4416.1 4782.0 5031.3 5321.5 5564.4 5769.3 5910.3 6350.3 6686.6 6987.8
1778.5 1807.5 1810.3 1818.2 1790.9 1788.0 1683.9 1745.6 1687.4 1673.4
959.8
970.4
969.8 1004.9 1015.6 1019.6
948.3
988.5 1030.3 1029.3
*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
◆Less
2009
Change
2012 over
2011
2012
share of
total
-2.8%
-0.2%
3.7%
-2.0%
1.9%
1.6%
6.4%
1.3%
5.7%
7.9%
-5.8%
2.3%
2.9%
2.2%
3.2%
2.5%
1.1%
-5.1%
-6.4%
-2.3%
-7.6%
-2.0%
17.7%
2.6%
1.5%
21.8%
0.7%
2.2%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
0.7%
0.7%
5.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.5%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
2.0%
2.5%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
1.3%
0.5%
♦
1.1%
-5.7%
-4.9%
-3.1%
-4.4%
4.1%
-2.4%
-3.3%
11.1%
-2.4%
-6.1%
-5.2%
-0.6%
2.2%
-0.8%
4.7%
5.5%
0.6%
-5.3%
-0.5%
1.2%
-2.3%
♦
-0.5%
2.9%
3.2%
1.8%
14.3%
6.8%
1.0%
4.7%
4.5%
9.3%
5.0%
1.0%
6.5%
4.7%
-0.9%
7.5%
7.4%
-2.0%
5.1%
0.2%
-0.9%
1.6%
0.6%
1.4%
4.7%
-0.2%
1.0%
-0.6%
5.5%
7.1%
0.2%
4.7%
1.8%
-1.2%
4.2%
-1.1%
-0.4%
♦
0.7%
0.4%
0.8%
0.2%
0.3%
5.6%
0.1%
1.2%
0.4%
0.2%
1.0%
0.2%
1.0%
1.6%
0.4%
0.7%
23.5%
1.9%
0.2%
0.3%
0.3%
1.8%
0.7%
1.0%
6.1%
0.4%
0.7%
1.0%
1.2%
3.2%
1.0%
0.2%
21.9%
0.2%
4.5%
1.3%
3.8%
0.6%
0.2%
0.6%
0.2%
0.6%
2.2%
0.9%
0.9%
0.4%
0.5%
40.0%
100.0%
44.0%
56.0%
13.4%
8.2%
Consumption by fuel*
2011
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
Total World
of which: OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
Oil
Natural
gas
Coal
837.0
105.0
90.3
1032.3
27.5
122.2
17.5
12.5
10.5
9.2
1.6
35.6
58.7
295.4
12.6
4.0
9.0
32.3
3.8
9.0
8.1
9.7
83.7
112.0
17.0
6.4
6.7
70.5
11.6
2.6
46.1
10.6
26.6
11.6
9.1
143.5
3.9
68.5
14.5
11.0
30.7
4.7
12.9
71.1
3.8
32.8
900.3
85.6
11.5
20.4
7.8
124.4
31.8
77.1
358.7
15.5
33.7
26.2
82.7
158.0
46.1
5.3
459.4
18.1
163.0
71.1
204.7
29.1
7.0
20.8
12.8
65.7
105.8
42.8
50.5
16.5
18.0
1336.6
4081.4
2095.2
1986.2
639.1
199.5
626.5
90.8
69.0
786.2
41.1
24.0
4.8
8.0
0.5
5.5
20.8
30.0
6.0
140.8
8.5
7.3
16.5
14.9
2.6
7.6
3.8
3.1
36.8
67.1
4.1
9.4
4.1
64.2
8.3
3.1
34.3
3.9
14.1
4.7
12.5
382.1
4.6
29.0
1.1
2.7
41.2
22.5
48.3
74.5
44.2
14.2
995.2
138.2
4.5
15.3
19.7
83.0
56.2
38.3
355.3
25.1
44.7
3.5
29.3
102.6
23.0
18.1
117.5
2.7
55.0
33.5
95.0
28.8
3.5
35.2
3.2
7.9
41.7
14.0
41.9
7.6
5.6
534.2
2914.2
1394.6
1519.6
407.7
539.2
495.5
22.3
8.9
526.7
0.9
14.1
5.3
4.3
–
0.7
–
0.2
2.0
27.6
2.6
†
†
3.3
8.1
18.0
3.2
3.4
9.5
76.0
7.5
3.0
1.3
16.1
34.0
0.2
7.8
0.7
56.1
2.2
7.3
93.7
3.3
15.5
2.0
0.1
33.1
–
41.5
31.5
1.2
22.5
504.6
0.9
7.9
–
–
–
–
0.2
9.0
–
1.1
89.1
6.5
96.7
51.7
0.7
1760.8
7.7
270.6
48.9
117.7
14.8
1.4
4.3
8.3
–
83.6
41.5
16.0
15.0
21.2
2464.2
3628.8
1096.1
2532.7
283.4
175.9
2012
Nuclear
Hydroenergy electricity
188.2
21.4
2.3
211.9
1.3
3.5
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.9
–
–
–
10.9
3.7
6.4
–
5.3
100.0
24.4
–
3.5
–
–
–
–
0.9
–
–
–
2.7
39.1
3.5
13.1
13.8
6.1
–
–
20.4
15.6
–
2.0
271.5
†
–
–
–
–
–
–
†
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
19.5
–
7.3
–
36.9
–
–
0.9
–
–
35.0
9.5
–
–
–
109.1
600.4
488.9
111.5
205.3
60.1
73.0
85.2
8.1
166.3
9.0
96.9
4.7
10.9
2.5
4.9
–
18.8
20.1
167.9
6.8
0.6
†
†
0.7
0.6
†
2.8
10.3
4.0
0.9
0.1
0.2
10.4
1.8
0.1
†
27.6
0.5
2.8
3.4
37.9
0.9
6.9
15.1
7.2
11.8
†
2.4
1.3
2.3
19.5
179.0
2.2
†
–
–
–
–
2.1
4.3
0.1
2.9
0.4
19.0
22.5
3.4
0.4
158.2
–
29.8
2.8
19.4
1.9
5.7
6.9
2.2
–
1.0
0.9
1.8
9.3
11.2
254.7
794.7
314.5
480.2
69.3
55.1
Renewables
Total
Oil
Natural
gas
45.0 2265.2
3.9
328.6
2.0
180.5
50.9 2774.3
0.5
80.4
9.0
269.7
0.9
33.3
0.2
35.9
0.1
13.6
0.2
20.6
†
22.4
–
84.7
2.1
89.0
13.0
649.5
1.5
32.0
–
11.9
0.1
25.6
2.2
63.7
0.2
19.1
1.2
42.8
3.2
18.3
2.6
26.9
4.4
244.7
24.0
307.5
0.9
30.4
0.6
23.0
1.1
13.3
8.4
169.6
†
55.7
0.1
6.1
2.8
91.9
0.4
43.2
2.4
99.8
2.8
24.1
0.3
35.4
0.1
696.5
0.2
16.5
12.6
145.6
4.0
50.5
0.4
27.5
1.3
118.1
–
27.1
†
125.6
6.6
200.5
–
51.6
1.4
92.4
85.9 2936.6
†
227.0
0.1
24.0
–
35.7
–
27.5
–
207.5
†
88.1
†
117.7
0.1
727.4
†
40.7
0.3
82.7
0.1
122.2
0.9
138.4
1.3
384.0
2.2
126.5
†
24.4
25.4 2540.8
†
28.6
9.2
534.8
2.2
158.6
7.5
481.1
0.3
74.9
2.0
19.5
†
68.1
2.3
28.8
0.3
73.9
0.7
267.8
1.2
109.8
0.9
111.1
†
48.4
0.1
56.1
54.4 4753.2
205.6 12225.0
149.1 5538.3
56.4 6686.6
82.5 1687.4
0.5 1030.3
819.9
104.3
92.6
1016.8
28.2
125.6
17.9
12.7
11.0
9.6
1.6
36.6
59.0
302.2
12.4
4.2
9.1
30.6
3.8
9.1
7.6
9.1
80.9
111.5
15.4
6.0
6.2
64.2
12.8
2.6
44.1
10.8
25.1
10.9
8.8
147.5
3.5
63.8
13.8
11.2
31.5
4.8
13.2
68.5
3.9
32.8
879.8
89.6
13.6
20.9
8.0
129.7
32.6
81.4
375.8
16.7
35.2
26.9
87.7
166.5
46.7
5.6
483.7
17.9
171.6
71.6
218.2
29.8
7.0
20.0
13.0
66.2
108.8
42.2
52.4
16.6
18.3
1389.4
4130.5
2072.8
2057.7
611.3
205.9
654.0
90.6
75.3
820.0
42.6
26.2
5.4
8.9
0.6
6.7
19.5
31.4
7.1
148.6
8.1
7.6
16.7
15.2
2.5
7.4
3.5
2.8
38.2
67.7
3.8
8.8
4.0
61.8
8.5
3.0
32.8
3.9
14.9
4.2
12.1
374.6
5.4
28.2
1.0
2.9
41.7
20.9
44.6
70.5
43.1
14.5
975.0
140.5
2.3
15.5
23.5
92.5
56.6
39.6
370.6
27.8
47.3
3.4
32.0
110.5
22.9
19.6
129.5
2.5
49.1
32.2
105.1
30.0
3.8
37.3
3.1
7.5
45.0
14.7
46.1
8.5
5.6
562.5
2987.1
1433.6
1553.5
399.5
526.4
Coal
437.8
21.9
8.8
468.5
1.0
13.5
6.7
4.0
–
0.8
–
0.2
2.0
28.2
2.0
†
†
3.0
7.0
16.6
2.5
2.9
11.4
79.2
7.5
3.0
1.5
16.2
35.0
0.2
8.5
0.7
54.0
2.9
6.7
93.9
3.2
19.3
1.5
0.1
31.3
–
44.6
39.1
1.2
22.2
516.9
0.9
8.8
–
–
–
–
0.2
9.9
–
1.1
89.8
6.6
97.5
49.3
0.7
1873.3
7.6
298.3
50.4
124.4
14.3
1.7
4.3
9.4
–
81.8
41.1
16.0
14.9
21.6
2609.1
3730.1
1053.1
2677.0
293.7
180.2
Nuclear
Hydroenergy electricity
183.2
21.7
2.0
206.9
1.4
3.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
5.0
–
–
–
9.1
3.6
6.9
–
5.3
96.3
22.5
–
3.6
–
–
–
–
0.9
–
–
–
2.6
40.3
3.5
13.9
14.6
5.8
–
–
20.4
15.9
–
1.8
266.9
0.3
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.3
–
–
3.2
–
3.2
–
–
22.0
–
7.5
–
4.1
–
–
1.3
–
–
34.0
9.1
–
–
–
78.1
560.4
444.5
115.9
199.8
61.2
63.2
86.0
7.1
156.3
8.4
94.5
4.6
10.8
2.8
5.0
–
18.6
21.1
165.7
8.9
0.4
†
0.1
0.7
0.7
†
3.8
13.2
4.8
1.0
†
0.2
9.4
1.8
0.1
†
32.3
0.5
1.5
2.8
37.8
1.0
4.6
17.8
8.6
13.1
†
2.4
1.2
2.3
19.8
190.8
2.9
†
–
–
–
–
2.2
5.1
0.1
3.0
0.4
20.6
24.1
4.1
0.4
194.8
–
26.2
2.9
18.3
1.8
5.2
6.4
2.5
–
0.7
1.2
2.0
11.9
10.7
289.0
831.1
315.6
515.5
74.0
54.9
Renewables
Total
50.7 2208.8
328.8
4.3
187.7
2.0
57.0 2725.4
82.1
0.6
274.7
11.2
35.5
0.9
36.5
0.2
14.4
0.1
22.3
0.2
21.2
†
86.8
–
91.8
2.4
665.3
15.6
33.1
1.6
12.2
–
25.9
0.1
60.6
2.6
17.9
0.3
41.9
1.3
17.0
3.4
26.4
2.6
245.4
5.4
311.7
26.0
28.8
1.1
21.9
0.6
13.0
1.0
162.5
10.9
58.1
†
6.0
0.2
89.1
2.7
48.1
0.5
97.6
3.1
22.7
3.1
33.6
0.6
694.2
0.1
16.9
0.3
144.8
14.9
52.9
4.2
29.0
0.4
119.2
1.6
25.8
–
125.3
0.1
203.6
8.4
50.5
–
92.7
1.7
99.1 2928.5
234.2
†
24.8
0.1
36.4
–
31.6
–
222.2
–
89.3
†
123.5
†
761.9
0.1
44.6
0.1
87.1
0.3
123.8
0.1
147.8
0.9
403.3
1.4
125.7
2.8
26.3
†
31.9 2735.2
28.1
†
563.5
10.9
159.4
2.2
478.2
8.2
76.3
0.3
19.6
2.0
69.3
†
30.2
2.3
74.0
0.3
271.1
0.8
109.4
1.1
117.6
1.2
52.0
†
56.3
0.1
64.1 4992.2
237.4 12476.6
169.2 5488.8
68.2 6987.8
95.0 1673.4
0.6 1029.3
*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.
41
World consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
13000
Coal
Renewables
Hydroelectricity
Nuclear energy
Natural gas
Oil
12000
11000
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
0
12
World primary energy consumption grew by a below-average 1.8% in 2012. Growth was below average in all regions except Africa. Oil remains the world’s leading fuel,
accounting for 33.1% of global energy consumption, but this figure is the lowest share on record and oil has lost market share for 13 years in a row. Hydroelectric output
and other renewables in power generation both reached record shares of global primary energy consumption (6.7% and 1.9%, respectively).
Regional consumption pattern 2012
Percentage
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
The Asia Pacific region accounted for a record 40% of global energy consumption and 69.9% of global coal consumption in 2012; the region also leads in oil and
hydroelectric generation. Europe & Eurasia is the leading region for consumption of natural gas, nuclear power, and renewables. Coal is the dominant fuel in the Asia
Pacific region, the only region dependent on a single fuel for more than 50% of total primary energy consumption. Natural gas is dominant in Europe & Eurasia, and oil
is dominant in other regions.
42
0
Consumption per capita 2012
Tonnes oil equivalent
0-1.5
1.5-3.0
3.0-4.5
4.5-6.0
> 6.0
Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2012
Years
500
Oil
Natural gas
Coal
400
300
200
100
OECD
Non-OECD
European Union
Former Soviet Union
World
0
Coal remains the most abundant fossil fuel by global R/P ratio, although global oil and natural gas reserves have increased significantly over time. Non-OECD countries
possess the majority of proved reserves for all fossil fuels, and have a higher R/P ratio than the OECD countries for oil and natural gas.
43
Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*
Units
From
1 metric tonne
To
Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day
tonnes
(metric)
kilolitres
barrels
Multiply by
1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325
–
1.165
1
0.159
0.0038
–
7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238
–
US
gallons
tonnes
per year
307.86
264.17
42
1
–
–
–
–
–
49.8
*Based on worldwide average gravity.
1 kilolitre
1 kilocalorie (kcal)
1 kilojoule (kJ)
1 British thermal
unit (Btu)
1 kilowatt-hour (kWh)
Products
barrels
to tonnes
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Fuel oil
0.086
0.118
0.128
0.133
0.149
To convert
tonnes
kilolitres
to barrels
to tonnes
Multiply by
11.6
8.5
7.8
7.5
6.7
0.542
0.740
0.806
0.839
0.939
tonnes
to kilolitres
1.844
1.351
1.240
1.192
1.065
Calorific equivalents
One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately:
Heat units
Solid fuels
Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG)
From
billion cubic
metres NG
1 billion cubic metres NG
1 billion cubic feet NG
1 million tonnes oil equivalent
1 million tonnes LNG
1 trillion British thermal units
1 million barrels oil equivalent
To
billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes
feet NG oil equivalent
LNG
Multiply by
1
0.028
1.11
1.36
0.028
0.15
35.3
1
39.2
48.0
0.99
5.35
0.90
0.025
1
1.22
0.025
0.14
0.74
0.021
0.82
1
0.021
0.11
Gaseous fuels
trillion British million barrels
thermal units oil equivalent
35.7
1.01
39.7
48.6
1
5.41
6.60
0.19
7.33
8.97
0.18
1
= 2204.62lb
= 1.1023 short tons
= 6.2898 barrels
= 1 cubic metre
= 4.187kJ
= 3.968Btu
= 0.239kcal
= 0.948Btu
= 0.252kcal
= 1.055kJ
= 860kcal
= 3600kJ
= 3412Btu
Electricity
10 million kilocalories
42 gigajoules
40 million British
thermal units
1.5 tonnes of hard coal
3 tonnes of lignite
See Natural gas and
liquefied natural gas table
12 megawatt-hours
One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces
about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4.4 terawatt-hours)
of electricity in a modern power station.
1 barrel of ethanol = 0.57 barrel of oil
1 barrel of biodiesel = 0.88 barrel of oil
Definitions
Statistics published in this review are taken from
government sources and published data. No use
is made of confidential information obtained by
BP in the course of its business.
Country and geographic groupings are
made purely for statistical purposes and are not
intended to imply any judgement about political
or economic standings.
North America
US (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico.
South & Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and
South America.
Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania,
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar,
Malta, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro.
Former Soviet Union
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova,
Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Europe & Eurasia
All countries listed above under the headings
Europe and Former Soviet Union.
Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan,
Lebanon, Syria.
North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt
to western Sahara.
44
West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania
to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad.
East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to
Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar,
Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*,
Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia,
North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia
(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal,
Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand,
Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New
Guinea, Oceania.
*Special Administrative Region.
Australasia
Australia, New Zealand.
OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Chile,
Israel, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US.
OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,
United Arab Emirates.
North Africa: Algeria, Libya.
West Africa: Angola, Nigeria.
South America: Ecuador, Venezuela.
European Union members
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK.
Non-OECD
All countries that are not members of the OECD.
Methodology
The primary energy values of nuclear and hydroelectric
power generation, as well as electricity from renewable
sources, have been derived by calculating the
equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate
the same volume of electricity in a thermal power
station, assuming a conversion efficiency of 38%
(the average for OECD thermal power generation).
Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies
(gas-to-liquids, coal-to-liquids and coal-to-gas) are
counted as production for the source fuel and
the outputs are counted as consumption for the
converted fuel.
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual
changes and shares of totals are on a weight basis
except on pages 6, 13, 16, 18 and 20.
Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree
exactly with the sum of their component parts.
Tonnes
Metric equivalent of tons.
More information
The data in this publication is also available at bp.com/statisticalreview (as shown below).
Data can be viewed, downloaded and charted using the charting tool.
Questions on data
BP regrets it is unable to deal with enquiries about the data in
BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013.
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Quoting from the review
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to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2013. However, where extensive reproduction of
tables and/or charts is planned, permission must first be obtained from:
The Editor
BP Statistical Review of World Energy
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Join the conversation
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prior authorization from Platts.
Acknowledgements
Data compilation Energy Academy and Centre for
Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot-Watt
University, www.energy.hw.ac.uk
Design Salterbaxter
Typesetting Orb Solutions, London
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