Manual 1.0
YELLOWFIN
Fixed Fixed WiMAX Tablet PC Analyzer
manual version 1.0
YellowFin Receiver Hardware User’s Manual
YellowFin/YellowFin Interface Hardware
Unpacking Your YellowFin......................................................................................2
About Your YellowFin............................................................................................3
Powering Your YellowFin........................................................................................3
Optional Omni & Direction Finding Antenna Specifications...............................................4
YellowFin Standard & Optional Accessories Sheet.........................................................6
Optional Software Sheets........................................................................................
BVS YellowFin Controller Software User’s Manual
Introduction………….........................………………………………………7
Installation………........................…………………………………………..7
System Requirements …..........………………………………….......…......8
Connection Status………………………………………....………………........8
Operating Modes………………....……………………………..………….......8
Fixed WiMAX Mode……………………………….............…….......8
Scan Mode…………...……………………............……………......8
Single Channel Mode..………………….…............……………......9
Single Base ID Mode..………..…………..............……………......9
RSSI over TIME..………..…………....................……………...... 10
Individual Multipath…………….....…………........……………......10
Individual Spectrum…………….....…………........……………......11
WiMAX Signal Search (band scan)……………........……………......12
Spectrum Analyzer Mode……..………………........……………......13
Center/Span/Start/Stop……..…………………………........ 13
Reference Level…….....………………………………........13
Resolution Bandwidth……….…………………………..……14
Screen Average………............…………………………..…14
Video Smoothing…….................…..…………………..…14
Triggering………............……………………….......…..…14
Traces…….....…...........……...……………….......…..…15
Marker/Delta...…...........……...……………….......…..…15
GPS Data………......................………………………………….......…..…16
Log Files………………..……..................................................………17
Chameleon (YellowFin Edition) Software User’s Manual
Introduction………….........................……………………………................................. 18
Spectrum Data……….........................…………………………….................................18
Fixed WiMAX Data………….........................…………………………….........................18
Fixed WiMAX Individual Data…………............…………………………….........................18
Other Fields…………............…………………….............……….................................18
Conversion Instructions…………............……………………………................................18
IMPORTANT NOTE:
Please disable the Wireless LAN Radio and the Bluetooth Transmitter on the Tablet PC to minimize interference with the YellowFin Receiver before you establish a connection.
1
Unpacking Your YellowFin Fixed WiMAX Analyzer
Opening your box reveals YellowFin protective case,
documentation box and monopole.
Documentation includes software (some
products use CD-ROM while others use
SD card installers), user’s manual and
claibration certificate and USB communication cable.
Unpack and assemble your YellowFin unit as shown. Your YellowFin is a self-contained spectrum analyzer. The tablet PC interface, antenna and
power connections are all accessible, but there is usually no need to open the protective, yellow and black hard rubber casing. The tablet should
not be disconnected and removed nor batteries changed by users. Removing such components will void your hardware warranty. Please consult the
included Samsung Q1 documentation for complete operating instructions, troubleshooting and tips of tablet PC. When you open your yellow, hard,
protective case you will see the YellowFin unit with receiver hidden below it, included antennas, SD software loader card, receiver power/charging
adapter, ethernet cable and GPS antenna. The required USB communication cable is located in the documentation box.
2
Panasonic Toughbook
Samsung Q1
SMA Male Antenna Input
Warning: Maximum input 0 dBm NO DC Input
Power ON/OFF
switch located
under rubber flap
SMA Male Antenna Input
Warning: Maximum input 0 dBm NO DC Input
YellowFin Top View
(both models shown)
About Your YellowFin
All basic ports and functions on the Samsung Q1 Tablet portion of your YellowFin Fixed WiMAX Analzyer are explained in your
Samsung Q1 user’s manual included with your YellowFin unit. The YellowFin receiver contains all indicators and ports you need
to communicate with the Q1 tablet. The receiver should not be removed from the tablet unless a BVS technical support expert has
instructed you to do so. The ethernet 10/100 Mbit port is used to communicate with a PC. Be sure that the USB comm cable is
securely connected between the Q1 tablet and YellowFin receiver. The SD card slot is located next to that for installing, removing
or re-installing the YellowFin software. The SMA male antenna connector is for use with the included omni directional antennas or the optional DF antenna systems. Please consult with Berkeley engineers before employing any antenna not supplied by
BVS. The sylus can be found connected to the attached coil-cord which is attached to the bottom of the Q1 tablet. The unit also
contains a GPS antenna input when GPS data is required for studies.
Powering Your YellowFin
Powering up your YellowFin begins by switching power on the Tablet PC. The Power ON/OFF switch is located on the side of the
tablet PC under the rubber flap. YellowFin receiver contains an internal, rechargeable Li-Ion battery system in the receiver unit
on the bottom. Users should not open the receiver unless a BVS technical support expert has instructed you to do so. The internal
batteries are charged using the supplied DC power adapter connected to the power input. Consult the technical specifications
sheet for common charging and running times for your unit. The red LED light next to this power input will blink while charging
and go solid red when charging is complete. When your YellowFin receiver is charged, the Samsung Q1 tablet is powered on
and the YellowFin software is running, the red LED on the receiver (next to the GPS antenna input) will turn on. This indicates
constant communication between the receiver and the tablet interface.
Opening Your YellowFin
Always contact BVS technical support (1-888-737-4287 or +1 732-548-3737 8AM - 6PM EST or e-mail [email protected]
com) before attempting any modifications or repairs to your Yellowjacket-TABLET. In some cases, users may replace batteries
or perform simple changes within the receiver module but failure to contact BVS technical support for procedural steps before
proceeding will result in a VOIDED WARRANTY.
3
Optional Directional & Omni Antenna Specifications
2.4 GHz Direction Finding
Corner Reflector
2.4 GHz Omni-Directional (7.5” long)
4.9/5 GHz Direction Finding
Corner Reflector
4.9/5 GHz Omni-Directional (5.5” long)
4
5
Accessories for your YELLOWFIN
ARD
D
STAN
12VDC to 110VAC car cigarette
lighter power inverter
75 Watts output
P/N YF-12V-USB
NAL
$ 75.00
PTIO
O
Rugged Carrying Case
ABS Plastic
D
P/N P-CASE
DAR
N
A
T
$ 150.00
S
4.9/5 GHz Direction Finding Antenna
with mounting bracket, cable & SMA
male
9 dBi gain
P/N 5NE
AL
$ 250.00
TION
DragNet
Fixed WiMAX site survey software
NAL
OPTIO
OP
30 dB attenuator pad for use with
directional antennas (between
DF antenna & YellowFin) SMA
male to female
P/N bbpad30
NAL
$ 30.00
PTIO
2.4 GHz Omni Antenna
SMA male swivel
P/N S151AM-2450S
ARD
D
$ 25.00
N
A
T
S
O
L
IONA
OPT
2.4 GHz Direction Finding
Antenna with mounting bracket, cable & SMA male
9 dBi gain
P/N 2ND
ONAL
I
T
P
O
$ 250.00
6
3.5 GHz Omni Antenna
SMA male swivel
P/N 5NP
ARD
D
N
A
$ 25.00
ST
4.9/5 GHz Omni Antenna
SMA male swivel
Co-Linear Dipole 5 dBi VSWR 1.8:1
P/N K181AM-5250S
ARD
D
N
A
$ 25.00
ST
D R A GN E T
Fixed WiMAX Mobile Site Survey Software
Features
• Create comprehensive drive-study survey bitmaps with GPS Projector
• Collect Fixed WiMAX data by using GPS position for outdoor surveys
• Choose among 802.16e for detailed coverage analysis
• JPEG screen snapshots throughout survey
• KML, PDF and Excel export and report printout support
• Survey data such as RSSI, Cell ID & Segment packet data on a preamble
basis for further mapping coverage studies in multiple graphical and
spreadsheet layouts
• Surveys may be exported further into KML files for plotting in
applications such as GoogleEarth™
Call us today for more information:
TOLL FREE 1-888-737-4287
Tel: +1 732-548-3737
Fax: (732) 548-3404
www.bvsystems.com
email: [email protected]
DragNet™ combines the power of realtime YellowFin™
Fixed WiMAX measurements with GPS geo-coding accuracy. First, create your survey bitmaps with Berkeley’s
GPS PROJECTOR software. Next, simply drive to any
spot with GPS reception while DragNet™ COLLECTOR
scans selected Fixed WiMAX Mobile channels and correlates them to your exact location automatically via
GPS. GPS measurements provide both LAT and LON
as well as time stamping for a complete Fixed WiMAX
survey path anywhere in the world. Finally, survey data
such as RSSI, Cell ID & Segment ID data on a preamble
basis may be exported into DragNet’s ANALYZER for
further mapping coverage studies in multiple graphical
and tabular layouts. Surveys may be exported further
into KML files for plotting in applications such as
Google Earth™.
Clar ifying RF
BERKELEY
VARITRONICS
SYSTEMS®
Providing wireless solutions for over 35 years.
OPTIONAL SOFTWARE AVAILABLE FOR YOUR YELLOWFIN
REMOTE
MANAGER YELLOWFIN
See EVERYTHING your YellowFin sees...
TM
tw
sof
are
software for your
Mobile Fixed WiMAX Remote Monitoring
RSSI
CINR
Cell ID
Segment
Waveform Traces
Spectrum Analysis
Peak Hold/Search
Features
• Controls YellowFin remotely from any RJ-45 connection
• Monitor your network from anywhere - home and office.
• Data collected in real-time and stored in a relational database*
• Create comprehensive reports from your measured network data
• Export reports to PDF® and MS Excel® formats
• Collect spectrum data from the Fixed WiMAX RF environment
• Collect packet data parameters such as Cell ID, Segment, CINR, RSSI and more
• Data reports over various time periods for temporal overview of your network
• Software includes ethernet receiver dongle and cable
...from ANYWHERE
YellowFin® Fixed WiMAX Remote Manager™ software is a data monitoring & reporting application that
connects to any YellowFin® Fixed WiMAX through a
standard 10/100 ethernet connection. With Remote
Manager™, users can control what wireless data is to
be collected via the YellowFin® Fixed WiMAX analyzer
and store that data in a relational database* for future
retreival and analysis. Remote Manager™ allows
users to scan the RF spectrum and preamble over time
creating a network footprint of usage to find out who’s
in your network airspace with or without authorization.
Remote Manager™ even creates comprehensive PDF
or MS Excel reports for an IT manager’s overview.
All of this can be accomplished from anywhere in the
world; all you need is access to an ethernet connection
to place your YellowFin receiver.
OPTIONAL SOFTWARE AVAILABLE FOR YOUR YELLOWFIN
BVS YellowFin Controller User Manual
WiMAX Fixed (IEEE 802.16d)
INTRODUCTION
The BVS YellowFin Controller software runs on a Windows-based Tablet (XP/Vista) that is connected
to a YellowFin WiMAX system. This connection is made through USB. The YellowFin Controller can
also run on a Windows PC or laptop if portability is not desired.
Through this connection, a YellowFin can be controlled. The YellowFin can be set to any mode and
settings available. Data can be monitored in real-time and stored in a log file later viewing and
reporting.
INSTALLATION
The YellowFin Controller software can be installed from the SD card provided using the USB SD card
adapter. .NET Framework needs to be installed on the computer in order for the Controller to function
correctly. This framework is already installed on some tablet systems. If the Controller will not run,
install the framework from the SD card or get the latest from www.microsoft.com.
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
7
Below is the minimum system requirements recommended to run the Controller.
Supported Operating Systems: Windows XP,Vista
Processor Speed: >= 1.33 GHz
Memory: >= 1 GB RAM
Hard Drive Space: >= 1 GB free
CONNECTION STATUS
The status bar on the bottom of the main window will display the serial number of the YellowFin
hardware and the firmware version installed. This information will only be displayed if the software
has connected properly. A 'NOT CONNECTED' message will be displayed if this information was not
able to be retrieved.
OPERATING MODES
WiMAX MODE
WiMAX scan mode comes up by default when the YellowFin software is started. This mode will
display any base stations found on any of the frequencies in the scan list.
SCAN MODE
By default, the last frequency list selected is used. A new or existing channel table can be loaded by
choosing the “channel list” option from the WiMAX menu. Using this dialog, a user can create a new
list, and save/restore existing lists to /from a file. To send the list to the YellowFin, simply press “SET
AS CURRENT LIST”.
The bandwidth of the signals to be found can be selected by using the 'bandwidth' option off of the
WiMAX menu. Tap on the bandwidth to be selected. The current bandwidth will be highlighted.
Scan Mode will scan through these frequencies one at a time. Each frequency in the list is color-coded
8
(up to 16 frequencies are allowed). Any bases that show up when the receiver is tuned to a particular
frequency will show up in the color of the frequency box. To look at an individual frequency only,
touch the frequency box desired.
SINGLE CHANNEL MODE
The list at the top of the screen will display any bases that were found on the selected frequency. If the
base has not been seen for a time period it will eventually fall off of the list.
SINGLE CHANNEL SCREEN
The following fields are shown in the list:
• BASE ID – Base Station ID from 0-15 (last 4 digits of device MAC address).
• CINR – Carrier to Interference plus Noise Ratio.
• RSSI – Received signal strength indicator in dBm.
Press 'Return to Scan List' to go back to scan mode.
SINGLE BASE ID MODE
A closer look can be made at each of the base stations in the list. Clicking on an item in the list will put
the YellowFin into individual base mode. Only information from the selected base will be displayed.
Press the 'Return To Channel' to go back to Single Channel mode. Press 'Return to Scan List' to return
to Scan Mode.
9
The current CINR and RSSI are displayed on the top of the screen along with the frequency and base
number. There are three data screens to see in single base mode. These are RSSI over Time, Multipath,
and Individual Spectrum. The RSSI over Time display shows by default. To navigate between displays,
simply touch the data display and making a sliding motion with your finger or stylus to the left or right.
The next display will come into view as the previous one leaves.
RSSI over TIME
The RSSI over Time will show the RSSI values in dBm of the base. The most recent values will enter
from the left. The high and low values of the base will be marked with a watermark.
RSSI over TIME SCREEN
INDIVIDUAL MULTIPATH
This display shows the multipath components for the base in question. In general, there should be one
peak at or near the blue grid line. The red grid line to the left is before the signal arrives. If multiple
peaks are displayed to the right of the main peak, these would be multipath components.
10
MULTIPATH SCREEN
In essence, reflections of the main received signal path are seen. This could be from walls inside a
building or clutter in the outside environment such as buildings.
INDIVIDUAL SPECTRUM
Individual spectrum shows the spectrum for the chosen base.
11
INDIVIDUAL SPECTRUM SCREEN
WiMAX Signal Search (Band Scan)
If the frequencies for the WiMAX signals are not known, the YellowFin has a search engine for
locating any existing signals. Choose “Signal Search” from the WiMAX menu. The Signal Search
dialog will appear. The parameters for the search are the start and stop frequencies along with the
frequency step.
To change any of the parameters, simply tap on the box with the appropriate frequency. Use the number
pad to select the correct frequency and select 'MHz' for the units.
When all of the parameters have been chosen, press the 'Search' button on the WiMAX Signal Searcher
screen. A progress indicator will appear to show how many WiMAX frequencies have been found and
the time elapsed during the search. Every frequency searched could take up to 1 second, so choose the
parameters for the smallest search range needed.
After the search has been completed, the WiMAX Signal Search dialog will show the frequencies
found in the 'Found' list box.
Move the frequencies to be used in scan mode over to the 'Keep' list box by using the buttons provided.
Using the 'double' arrow button will move the entire list over to the 'Found' box.
Now press the 'Set Selected Frequencies' button to move the frequencies kept into the scan list. Then
12
press 'Exit'. Scan mode will resume with the new frequencies.
SPECTRUM ANALYZER MODE
By selecting the Spectrum button, the YellowFin being controlled will switch to spectrum analyzer
mode. To maximize this display, choose the 'Tools/Display/Max' option from the menu. Choose the
'Tools/Display/Normal' option to return the default size. There are various menu options to control the
output of the spectrum analyzer.
CENTER/SPAN/START/STOP
These fields are located on the left panel when the display is at the default size. Here the center
frequency may be set. The span, start and stop frequencies can also be selected.
SPECTRUM ANALYSIS SCREEN
REFERENCE LEVEL
This menu option allows the user to set the current reference level of the receiver. The valid choices are
between -20 and -70 dBm, in 10 dBm increments. The Reference Level should be adjusted to obtain
the greatest dynamic range. The Reference Level should be set so that the strongest signal on the
display is about 10 dB down from the top of the measurement display. If a signal is drawn off the top of
the measurement display or the message “clipped” is displayed, lower the Reference Level. The highest
13
Reference Level is –20dBm. The lowest Reference Level is –70dBm.
RESOLUTION BANDWIDTH
The YellowFin measures the energy present in different frequency bins, each bin’s width equal to the
resolution bandwidth. The resolution bandwidth is set by setting the level for the resolution bandwidth
desired.
Why use a small Resolution Bandwidth? A small Resolution Bandwidth is appropriate to measure
frequency components and signal characteristics. Smaller Resolution Bandwidths increases the Sweep
Time (number of traces displayed per second) for a given frequency Span.
Why use a large Resolution Bandwidth? A large Resolution Bandwidth is appropriate to measure
large Spans of frequencies quickly. A Resolution Bandwidth larger than the signal’s bandwidth can
measure channel power. The YellowFin may be set to a large Resolution Bandwidth and a large Span to
quickly sweep and identify frequencies of interest. The Span and Center can then be decreased to
measure frequency components and the signal's characteristics.
SCREEN AVERAGE
The average of the last N sweeps will be displayed if the trace is put into AVG mode.
VIDEO SMOOTHING
Video Smoothing uses adjacent bin averaging to reduce the amount of fluctuation in the measured trace
due to noise. This is different from Screen Averaging, which averages the same frequency bin from
different traces. Use the arrows to increase or decrease the bandwidth which are averaged for the
smoothing. When properly set, Video Smoothing can reduce the variation of the trace due to noise
without distorting the trace. It is especially useful for smoothing signals that are not continuous or
repetitive. The user must use good judgment when applying Video Smoothing. It is possible to smooth
the trace too much so that the trace no longer represents the spectrum of the signal.
TRIGGERING
Trigger Mode enables the YellowFin to quickly capture the spectrum from sources that are not
continuously transmitting. The trigger threshold represents the amount of CHANNEL POWER that
when exceeded will trigger the YellowFin to measure the spectrum. The trigger delay sets a delay
between the trigger threshold being exceeded and the measurement of the spectrum. The trigger
threshold is set by the user in dBm, and its range is from the current Reference Level to 20dB below
the current Reference Level.
NOTE: Span MUST be set to 20 MHz.
Trigger Mode is very useful to capture the spectrum from any source that is not continually
transmitting on the same frequency. This includes 802.11 a,b,g devices and Frequency Hoppers. A
more detailed discussion of the triggering function is discussed in the manual that came with your
YellowFin hardware.
14
TRACES
There are three available traces for display. By default, trace 1 is set to the live feed. Each trace can be
set to the following:
• LIVE – Current real-time data will be displayed.
• PEAK – The highest value recorded at each frequency will be displayed.
• AVG – Video Smoothing and Screen Average results will display.
• FREEZE – The last sweep will be displayed and frozen.
• OFF – Trace will be turned off.
MULTIPLE TRACES
MARKER/DELTA
The marker menu option allows the user to place a marker at a certain frequency. The frequency and
power values are shown at the marker position. It also allows a delta marker. This delta marker shows
the difference in frequency and power from the marker. To turn on the marker value and/or the delta
marker value, simply tap the ‘ON’ button for either value. Use the arrows to move the marker or delta
value left or right across the screen. Use the double-arrows to move faster. To center the marker on the
screen, press the ‘CENTER’ button. To place the marker on the highest power value, press the ‘PEAK’
button. To track the peak value, press the 'TRACK' button.
15
MARKER/DELTA FUNCTION
GPS DATA
The GPS information screen can be shown by pressing the GPS button. The internal GPS receiver will
show the position and current time if there is a 3D lock acquired from the GPS satellites in orbit. This
information can be useful in realtime and also in post-processing as it is contained in log files. If there
is a point of interest during a study, the position and time will be marked in the log file along with the
data taken at that point in time.
16
GPS SCREEN
LOG FILES
By using the 'Log' menu, a binary log file can be started and stopped. This log file will store
information such as GPS data and receiver information. It will also store data from whatever mode the
hardware is in currently. Note that if the YellowFin is in spectrum analyzer mode, WiMAX specific
data will not be logged. Also, if the YellowFin is in WiMAX mode, spectrum analyzer data will not be
stored. The binary file created can be converted into an ASCII readable file using the separate BVS
utility Chameleon (YellowFin Edition).
17
Chameleon (YellowFin 802.16d Edition) User Manual
Introduction
The Chameleon application converts data logged by the YellowFin into an ASCII delimited file for use
in post-processing. The data converted is collected from the YellowFin using the YellowFin controller
application.
CHAMELEON MAIN SCREEN
Spectrum Data
Converted spectrum data consists of a section of complete sweep in every record. The center and start
frequencies are reported. The step frequency between power values is also converted. The span and
number of readings are also converted. These fields are then followed by all of the power values.
WiMAX Data
WiMAX data is logged information when the YellowFin is in scan mode or channel mode. Base, CINR,
and RSSI appear for every trigger. Any channel change will also be output as a blank record.
NOTE: By choosing the ‘placeholder’ checkbox, a blank record will be added to the output file where a
frequency has just been scanned and no WiMAX data was found.
WiMAX Individual Data
18
Choose a base station between 0 and 15 to filter. Any data collected when this individual base is
available is output. Individual spectrum and multipath may be available with this data if it was chosen
in the Controller program.
Other Fields
Other fields which may be put into the output file include:
• The current reference level (in dBm) (Spectrum Mode Only).
• The current resolution bandwidth (in kHz) (Spectrum Mode Only).
• GPS Date (mm/dd/yyyy).
• GPS Time (hh:mm:ss).
• GPS Latitude (decimal degrees)
• GPS Longitude (decimal degrees)
Conversion Instructions
To convert a file, use the following steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Run the Chameleon application.
Click BROWSE next to the input file edit field to choose a file to convert.
A default output filename will be created. Change if needed.
Choose which fields you wish to have in the output file.
Choose the delimiter to place between fields.
Choose whether or not you would like a header record with titles for each column.
Press the CONVERT button.
The progress bar will monitor the progress of the conversion.
19
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