Wireless-N ADSL2+ Firewall Router

Wireless-N ADSL2+ Firewall Router
Wireless-N ADSL2+
Firewall Router
User Manual
Last Revised Date: March 20, 2015
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 ................................................................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 Introducing the Router ................................................................................................................................. 1
Express Internet Access .................................................................................................................................. 1
Firewall Security and Smooth Traffic.............................................................................................................. 1
Easy Network Management ........................................................................................................................... 1
IPv6 Ready - Pathway to the Future ............................................................................................................... 1
Quick Start Wizard .......................................................................................................................................... 2
Firmware Upgradeable ................................................................................................................................... 2
1.2 Features of the Router ................................................................................................................................. 3
Network Protocols and Features .................................................................................................................... 3
Firewall ........................................................................................................................................................... 4
Quality of Service Control ............................................................................................................................... 4
Wireless LAN ................................................................................................................................................... 4
IPTV Applications ............................................................................................................................................ 4
Management .................................................................................................................................................. 4
1.3 Hardware Specifications............................................................................................................................... 5
Physical Interface............................................................................................................................................ 5
1.4 Applications for the Router .......................................................................................................................... 6
Chapter 2 ................................................................................................................................................................ 7
Installing the Router............................................................................................................................................... 7
2.1 Important note for using the Router ........................................................................................................... 7
2.2 Package Contents ......................................................................................................................................... 8
2.3 The Front LEDs.............................................................................................................................................. 9
2.4 The Rear Ports ............................................................................................................................................ 10
2.5 Cabling ........................................................................................................................................................ 11
Chapter 3 .............................................................................................................................................................. 12
3.1 Before Configuration .................................................................................................................................. 12
3.1.1 Configuring a PC in Windows 7/8 ........................................................................................................ 13
3.1.2 Configuring a PC in Windows Vista...................................................................................................... 16
3.1.3 Configuring a PC in Windows XP ......................................................................................................... 18
3.2 Factory Default Settings ............................................................................................................................. 20
3.2.1 Username and Password ..................................................................................................................... 20
3.3 LAN Port Addresses .................................................................................................................................... 21
3.4 Information from your ISP ......................................................................................................................... 21
Chapter 4 .............................................................................................................................................................. 22
4.1 Configuring the Router with your Web Browser ....................................................................................... 22
4.2 Status .......................................................................................................................................................... 24
4.2.1 Device Info ........................................................................................................................................... 25
4.2.2 System Log ........................................................................................................................................... 27
4.2.4 Statistics ............................................................................................................................................... 28
4.2.5 DHCP Table .......................................................................................................................................... 31
4.2.5 ADSL Status .......................................................................................................................................... 32
4.3 Quick Start .................................................................................................................................................. 33
4.4 Configuration .............................................................................................................................................. 36
4.4.1 Interface Setup .................................................................................................................................... 37
4.4.1.1 Internet ......................................................................................................................................... 38
4.4.1.2 LAN ................................................................................................................................................ 42
4.4.1.3 Wireless......................................................................................................................................... 46
4.4.1.4 Wireless MAC Filter ...................................................................................................................... 57
4.4.2 Advanced Setup ................................................................................................................................... 58
4.4.2.1 Firewall .......................................................................................................................................... 59
4.4.2.2 Routing .......................................................................................................................................... 60
4.4.2.3 NAT................................................................................................................................................ 62
4.4.2.4 Static DNS...................................................................................................................................... 67
4.4.2.5 ADSL .............................................................................................................................................. 68
4.4.2.6 QoS ................................................................................................................................................ 69
4.4.2.7 Interface Grouping ........................................................................................................................ 72
4.4.2.8 Time Schedule ............................................................................................................................... 74
4.4.2.9 Remote System Log ...................................................................................................................... 75
4.4.3 Access Management............................................................................................................................ 76
4.4.3.1 Device Management ..................................................................................................................... 77
4.4.3.2 SNMP............................................................................................................................................. 78
4.4.3.3 Universal Plug & Play .................................................................................................................... 79
4.4.3.4 Dynamic DNS................................................................................................................................. 80
4.4.3.5 Access Control............................................................................................................................... 82
4.4.3.6 Packet Filter .................................................................................................................................. 84
4.4.3.7 CWMP (TR-069)............................................................................................................................. 88
4.4.3.8 Parental Control ............................................................................................................................ 90
4.4.4 Maintenance ........................................................................................................................................ 91
4.4.4.1 User Management ........................................................................................................................ 92
4.4.4.2 Time Zone ..................................................................................................................................... 96
4.4.4.3 Firmware & Configuraion.............................................................................................................. 97
4.4.4.4 System Restart .............................................................................................................................. 99
4.4.4.5 Diagnostics Tool .......................................................................................................................... 100
Chapter 5 ............................................................................................................................................................ 101
Problems starting up the router ............................................................................................................. 101
Problems with the WAN Interface .......................................................................................................... 101
Problems with the LAN Interface ............................................................................................................ 101
APPENDIX ........................................................................................................................................................... 102
Chapter 1
Introduction the Router
1.1 Introducing the Router
This Router is an economical ADSL2+ router ideal for Home and SOHO users to enjoy improved Wireless
Access Speed with a maximum operational speed of 150Mbps.It delivers the highest level of security with
higher speed and better coverage of wireless-n solutions. With an integrated 802.11n wireless access point, the
router enables faster wireless speeds of up to 150Mbps. The SOHO Firewall is integrated to provide protection
against hacker attacks while the Quality of Service prioritizes queues and traffic for applications such as music
downloads, online gaming, video streaming and file sharing.
Express Internet Access
Complying with worldwide ADSL standards, the Router supports downstream data transmission rates of up to
12/24 Mbps with ADSL2/2+, 8 Mbps with ADSL, and performs at upstream rates of up to 1 Mbps. Moreover, the
Router includes Annex M technology that supports the latest ADSL2/2+ standard for higher upload speeds by
increasing the upstream operation rate to approximately 2.5Mbps (up to 3Mbps under ideal conditions). With
this technology, you can enjoy even higher-speed broadband multimedia applications such as interactive
gaming, video streaming and real-time audios that run faster and easier than ever.
Firewall Security and Smooth Traffic
With the built-in NAT default firewall, the advanced anti-hacker pattern-filtering protection features automatically
detect and block Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. In addition, packet filtering provides high-level security for
access control. Quality of Service control prioritizes the traffic and allows users to enjoy smooth traffic while
running applications such as IPTV, VoIP calls or interactive game through the Internet.
Easy Network Management
The Web-based user interface of the Router makes it extremely easy for users to install and manage the
network. The router supports both DHCP client and server, enabling system administrators to easily integrate
this router into existing network environments, as well as manage IP assignment without having to reconfigure
other stations.
IPv6 Ready - Pathway to the Future
The Router fully supports IPv6 (Internet Protocol Version 6), launched as the current IPv4 range is filling up, and
IPv6 is gradually becoming the indispensable addressing system for savvy cloud computing users. Dual stack
means the router is capable of running IPv4 and IPv6 in parallel during the transition period. With IPv6 enabled
devices, three major transition mechanisms such as Dual-Stack, Dual-Stack Lite, and 6RD (IPv6 rapid
deployment) are supported to be adapted easily into service provider’s IPv4/IPv6 network.
1
Quick Start Wizard
Support a WEB GUI page to install this device quickly. With this wizard, end users can enter the information
easily which they get from ISP, then surf the Internet immediately.
Firmware Upgradeable
Device can be upgraded to the latest firmware through the WEB based GUI.
2
1.2 Features of the Router
• IPv6 ready (IPv4/IPv6 dual stack)
• 4-port 10/100Mps Fast Ethernet switch
• Multiple wireless SSIDs with wireless guest access and client isolation
• IEEE 802.11 b/g/n compliant Wireless Access Point with Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
• Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA-PSK/ WPA2-PSK) and Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
• Wireless speed up to 150Mbps and 3 times the coverage of standard 802.11g
• SOHO Firewall Security with DoS Preventing and Packet Filtering
• Quality of Service Control for traffic prioritization management
• Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) Compliance
• Ease of Use with Quick Installation Wizard
• TR-069*2 for remote management
• Ideal for SOHO, office and home users
ADSL Compliance
• Compliant with ADSL2+ standards
- G.dmt.bis plus (ITU G.992.5)
- ADSL2+ Annex M (ITU G.992.5 Annex M)
• Compliant with ADSL2 standards
- G.dmt.bis (ITU G.992.3)
- ADSL2 Annex M (ITU G.992.3 Annex M)
• Compliant with ADSL standards
- Full-rate ANSI T1.413 Issue 2
- G.dmt (ITU G.992.1)
- G.lite (ITU G.992.2)
- G.hs (ITU G.994.1)
• Support G.inp (ITU G.998.4)
Network Protocols and Features
• PPPoE (RFC 2516), PPPoA (RFC 2364), DHCP Client, Static IP
• IPv4, IPv6, IPv4 / IPv6 dual stack
• Dual-Stack Lite and 6RD (IPv6 Rapid Deployment)
• NAT, static routing and RIP v1/v2
• Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) compliant
• Virtual server and DMZ
• SNTP, DNS proxy
• Dynamic Domain Name System (DDNS)
• IGMP proxy and IGMP snooping
• MLD proxy and MLD snooping
3
Firewall
• Built-in NAT Firewall
• Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
• DoS attack prevention including Land Attack, Ping of Death, etc
• Access Control
• IP&MAC filter, URL Content Filter
• Password protection for system management
• VPN pass-through
Quality of Service Control
• Traffic prioritization management based-on Protocol, Port Number and IP Address (IPv4/ IPv6)
Wireless LAN
• Compliant with IEEE 802.11 b/ g standards
• 2.4 GHz - 2.484GHz radio band for wireless
• Up to 150 Mbps wireless operation rate
• 64/ 128 bits WEP supported for encryption
• WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) for easy setup
• Wireless Security with WPA-PSK/ WPA2-PSK support
• Multiple wireless SSIDs
• WDS repeater function support
IPTV Applications*3
• IGMP Snooping and IGMP Proxy
• MLD Snooping and MLD Proxy
• Virtual LAN (VLAN)
• Quality of Service (QoS)
Management
• Quick Installation Wizard
• Web-based GUI for remote and local management (IPv4/ IPv6)
• Web GUI permission
• Firmware upgrades and configuration data upload and download via web-based GUI
• Supports DHCP Server/ Client/ Relay(WAN port)
• TR-069*2 supports remote management
• Diagnostic tool
4
1. This router may require firmware modification for certain ADSL2/2+/Annex M DSLAMs
2. On request for Telco / ISP projects
3. IPTV application may require subscription to IPTV services from a Telco / ISP.
4. Specifications on this datasheet are subject to change without prior notice.
5
1.3 Hardware Specifications
Physical Interface
• WLAN: 1 detachable antenna
• DSL: ADSL port
• Ethernet: 4-port 10/ 100 auto-crossover (MDI/ MDI-X) Switch.
• Factory default reset button
• WPS& Wi-Fi ON/OFF button
• Power jack
• Power switch
5
1.4 Applications for the Router
Diagram on how to connect your router:
6
Chapter 2
Installing the Router
2.1 Important note for using the Router
Warning

Do not use the Router in high humidity or high temperatures.

Do not use the same power source for the Router as other
equipment.

Do not open or repair the case yourself. If the Router is too hot, turn
off the power immediately and have it repaired at a qualified service
center.

Avoid using this product and all accessories outdoors.

Place the Router on a stable surface.

Only use the power adapter that comes with the package. Using a
different voltage rating power adaptor may damage the router.
Attention
7
2.2 Package Contents
Wireless-N ADSL2+ Firewall Router
One detachable antenna
Quick Start Guide
CD containing user manual
Ethernet (RJ-45 CAT-5) cable
RJ-11 ADSL/telephone cable
Power adapter
8
2.3 The Front LEDs
LED
Power
DSL
Internet
LAN1~4
WLAN
WPS
Status
Description
Green
System is up and ready
Red
Boot failure
Green
Successfully connected to an ADSL line
Green blinking
Waiting for ADSL synchronization
Green
IP connected and traffic is passing through the device
Red
IP request failed
Off
Either in bridged mode or WAN connection not present
Green
Transmission speed is at 10/100Mbps
Green blinking
Data being transmitted/received
Green
Wireless connection established
Green blinking
Data being transmitted / received
Off
The wireless function is disabled
Green blinking
WPS configuration being in progress
Lit up brightly and then
goes off in 5 seconds
WPS established
Flash for 2 mins and then
WPS establishment failure
goes off
9
2.4 The Rear Ports
Port
Description
1
Power Jack (DC)
Connect the supplied Power Adapter to this jack.
2
Power Switch
Power on/off switch button
3
WPS &
WiFi On/Off
By controlling the pressing time, users can achieve two different
effects:
(1) WPS: Press &hold the button for less than 6 seconds to trigger
WPS function.
(2) Wireless On/Off: Press & hold the button for more than 6
seconds to On/Off the wireless.
4
Fast Ethernet
LAN 1 ~ 4
Connect the LAN port of the router to your computer.
5
DSL
Connect this port to the DSL network with the RJ-11 cable (telephone)
provided.
6
WiFi Antenna
Connect the detachable antenna to this port
After the device is powered on,
press it 6 seconds or above: to
restore to factory default settings
(this is used when you cannot
login to the router, e.g. forgot
your password)
10
2.5 Cabling
One of the most common causes of problems is bad cabling. Make sure that all connected devices are turned
on. On the front panel of the product is a bank of LEDs. Verify that the LAN Link and LEDs are lit. If they are not,
verify that you are using the proper cables.
Make sure that all other devices (e.g. telephones, fax machines, analogue modems) connected to the same
telephone line as your router have a line filter connected between them and the wall socket (unless you are
using a Central Splitter or Central Filter installed by a qualified and licensed electrician), and that all line filters
are correctly installed in a right way. If the line filter is not correctly installed and connected, it may cause
problems to your connection or may result in frequent disconnections.
11
Chapter 3
Basic Installation
The router can be configured with your web browser. A web browser is included as a standard application in the
following operating systems: Windows XP/Vista/Win7/8, Linux, Mac OS, etc. The product provides an easy and
user-friendly interface for configuration.
3.1 Before Configuration
PCs must have an Ethernet interface installed properly and be connected to the router either directly or through
an external repeater hub, and have TCP/IP installed and configured to obtain an IP address through a DHCP
server or a fixed IP address that must be in the same subnet as the router. The default IP address of the router
is 192.168.1.254 and the subnet mask is 255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached PC must be in the same subnet, and
have an IP address in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253). The best and easiest way is to configure the
PC to get an IP address automatically from the router using DHCP. If you encounter any problems accessing the
router’s web interface it may also be advisable to uninstall any kind of software firewall on your PCs, as they
can cause problems accessing the 192.168.1.254 IP address of the router. Users should make their own
decisions on how to best protect their network.
Please follow the steps below for your PC’s network environment installation. First of all, please check your PC’s
network components. The TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network adapter must be installed. If not, please
refer to your Windows-related or other operating system manuals.
Any TCP/IP capable workstation can be used to communicate with or
through the Router. To configure other types of workstations, please consult
the manufacturer’s documentation.
12
3.1.1 Configuring a PC in Windows 7/8
1.
Go to Start. Click on Control
Panel. Then click on Network
and Internet.
2.
When the Network and
Sharing Center window pops
up, select and click on Change
adapter settings on the left
window panel.
3.
Select the Local Area
Connection, and right click the
icon to select Properties.
13
IPv4:
4. Select Internet Protocol
Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then
click Properties
5.
In the TCP/IPv4 properties
window, select the Obtain an IP
address automatically and
Obtain DNS Server address
automatically radio buttons.
Then click OK to exit the
setting.
6.
Click OK again in the Local
Area Connection Properties
window to apply the new
configuration.
14
IPv6:
4. Select Internet Protocol
Version 6 (TCP/IPv6) then
click Properties
5.
In the TCP/IPv6 properties
window, select the Obtain an
IPv6 address automatically
and Obtain DNS Server
address automatically radio
buttons. Then click OK to exit
the setting.
6.
Click OK again in the Local
Area Connection Properties
window to apply the new
configuration.
15
3.1.2 Configuring a PC in Windows Vista
1. Go to Start. Click on Network.
Then click on Network and
Sharing Center at the top bar.
2. When the Network and
Sharing Center window pops
up, select and click on Manage
network connections on the
left window pane.
3. Select the Local Area
Connection, and right click the
icon to select Properties.
16
IPv4:
4. Select Internet Protocol
Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) then click
Properties.
5. In the TCP/IPv4 properties
window, select the Obtain an IP
address automatically and
Obtain DNS Server address
automatically radio buttons.
Then click OK to exit the setting.
6. Click OK again in the Local
Area Connection Properties
window to apply the new
configuration.
17
3.1.3 Configuring a PC in Windows XP
IPv4:
1. Go to Start / Control Panel (in Classic
View). In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network Connections
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3. In the Local Area Connection Status
window, click Properties.
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click
Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address
automatically and the Obtain DNS server
address automatically radio buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
18
IPv6:
IPv6 is supported by Windows XP, but you should install it first.
Act as shown below:
1. On the desktop, Click Start > Run, type cmd, then press Enter key in the keyboard, the following screen
appears.
2. Key in command ipv6 install
Configuration is OK now, you can test whether it works ok.
19
3.2 Factory Default Settings
Before configuring your router, you need to know the following default settings.
Web Interface:
Username: admin
Password: admin
LAN Device IP Settings:
IP Address: 192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
DHCP server:
DHCP server is enabled.
Start IP Address: 192.168.1.100
IP pool counts: 20
3.2.1 Username and Password
The default username and password are “admin” and “admin” respectively.
If you ever forget the password to log in, you may press the RESET button
up to 6 seconds to restore the factory default settings.
Attention
Attention
20
3.3 LAN Port Addresses
The parameters of LAN ports are pre-set in the factory. The default values are shown below.
IPv4:
IP address
192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
DHCP server function
Enabled
IP addresses for distribution to PCs
20 IP addresses continuing from 192.168.1.100 through
192.168.1.119
3.4 Information from your ISP
Before configuring this device, you have to check with your ISP (Internet Service Provider) what kind of
service is provided such as ADSL(Dynamic IP Address, Static IP Address, PPPoE, PPPoA, Bridge Mode)
Gather the information as illustrated in the following table and keep it for reference.
ADSL:
PPPoE
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, Service Name,
and Domain Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned by
your ISP when you connect or be set manually).
PPPoA
VPI/VCI, VC-based/LLC-based multiplexing, Username, Password, and Domain
Name System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned by your ISP
when you connect or be set manually).
RFC1483
Bridged IP
Dynamic
Address
IP
RFC1483
Routed IP
Static
Address
VPI/ VCI, LLC-based/ VC-based multiplexing, and Domain Name
System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned by your
ISP when you connect or be set manually).
IP
Bridge Mode
VPI/ VCI, LLC-based/ VC-based multiplexing, and Domain Name
System (DNS) IP address (it can be automatically assigned by your
ISP when you connect or be set manually).
RFC1483
Bridged IP
VPI/ VCI, LLC-based/ VC-based multiplexing, Static IP Address, IP
Subnet Mask, Gateway IP Address, and Domain Name System
(DNS) IP address.
RFC1483
Routed IP
VPI/ VCI, LLC-based/ VC-based multiplexing, Static IP Address, IP
Subnet Mask, Gateway IP Address, and Domain Name System
(DNS) IP address.
1483 Bridged
Only
VPI/ VCI, LLC-based/ VC-based multiplexing.
21
Chapter 4
Configuration
4.1 Configuring the Router with your Web Browser
Open your web browser, enter the IP address of your router, which by default is 192.168.1.254, and click “OK”,
a user name and password window prompt will appear. The default username and password are “admin” and
“admin”.
Congratulation! You are now successfully logged on to the Router!
22
At the configuration homepage, the left navigation pane where bookmarks are provided links you directly to the
desired setup page, including:
Status(Device Info, System Log, Statistics, DHCP Table, ADSL Status)
Quick Start (Wizard Setup)
Configuration (Interface Setup, Advanced Setup, Access Management, Maintenance)
Language
Please see the relevant sections of this manual for detailed instructions on how to configure your router.
23
4.2 Status
In this section, you can check the router working status, including Device Info, System Log, Statistics, DHCP
Table, ADSL Status.
24
4.2.1 Device Info
Users will see device's basic information in this page.
Device Information
Model Name: Show model name of the router
Firmware Version: This is the Firmware version
MAC Address: This is the MAC Address
Date Time: The current day time.
System Up Time: The duration since system is up.
Physical Port Status
Here the page shows the status of physical port of ADSL, Ethernet and Wireless.
WAN
Interface: The now used connection method, "ADSL(PVC0-PVC70)".
Protocol: The protocol in use.
VPI/VCI: The VPI/VCI in use.
Connection: The status of the link.
IP Address: The WAN interface IP address obtained.
Default Gateway: The default gateway address.
LAN
IP Address: LAN port address.
Subnet Mask/Prefix Length: LAN port IP subnet mask for IPv4 and Prefix length for IPv6..
DHCP Server: LAN port DHCP information.
Wireless
25
Mode: The wireless mode in use.
SSID: The SSID.
Channel: The current channel.
Security: The wireless security setting, authentication type.
26
4.2.2 System Log
In system log, users can check the operations to the router and track the glitches to the router when occurred.
Refresh: Press this button to refresh the statistics.
\
27
4.2.4 Statistics

ADSL
Transmit total PDUs: This field displays the number of total PDU transmitted until the latest second.
Transmit total Error Counts: This field displays the number of total error transmitted until the latest second.
Receive total PDUs: This field displays the number of total PDU received until the latest second.
Receive total Error Counts: This field displays the number of total error received until the latest second.
Refresh: Press this button to refresh the statistics.
28

Ethernet
Interface: This field displays the type of port
Transmit Frames: This field displays the number of frames transmitted until the latest second.
Transmit Multicast Frames: This field displays the number of multicast frames transmitted until the latest
second.
Transmit Total Bytes: This field displays the number of bytes transmitted until the latest second.
Transmit Collision: This is the number of collisions on this port.
Transmit Error Frames: This field displays the number of error packets on this port.
Receive Frames: This field displays the number of frames received until the latest second.
Receive Multicast Frames: This field displays the number of multicast frames received until the latest second.
Receive Total Bytes: This field displays the number of bytes received until the latest second.
Receive CRC Errors: This field displays the number of error packets on this port.
Receive Under-size Frames: This field displays the number of under-size frames received until the latest
second.
Refresh: Press this button to refresh the statistics.
29

Wireless
Transmit Frames: This field displays the number of frames transmitted until the latest second.
Transmit Error Frames: This field displays the number of error frames transmitted until the latest second.
Transmit Drop Frames: This field displays the number of drop frames transmitted until the latest second.
Receive Frames: This field displays the number of frames received until the latest second.
Receive Error Frames: This field displays the number of error frames received until the latest second.
Receive Drop Frames: This field displays the number of drop frames received until the latest second.
Refresh: Press this button to refresh the statistics.
30
4.2.5 DHCP Table
DHCP table displays the devices connected to the router with clear information.
#: The index identifying the connected devices.
Host Name: Show the hostname of the PC.
IP Address: The IP allocated to the device.
MAC Address: The MAC of the connected device.
Expire Time: The total remaining interval since the IP assignment to the PC.
31
4.2.5 ADSL Status
The ADSL Status section displays the ADSL synchronization status.
32
4.3 Quick Start
For detailed instructions on configuring WAN settings, see the Interface Setup section of this manual.
The Quick Start Wizard is a useful and easy utility to help setup the device to quickly connect to your ISP
(Internet Service Provider) with only a few steps required. It will guide you step by step to configure the
password, time zone, and WAN settings of your device. The Quick Start Wizard is a helpful guide for first time
users to the device.
Click NEXT to enter step 1.
Step1. Set new password of the “admin” account. The password was used to manage the web access. The
default is “admin”. Once changed, please remember carefully. Click NEXT to continue.
Step2: Choose your time zone. Click NEXT to continue.
Step3: Set your wireless connection. Click NEXT to continue.
33
Step4: Set your Internet connection
WAN Transfer Modes: ADSL
1) Enter the PPPoE/PPPoA account / VPI,VCI information provided to you by your ISP. Click NEXT to continue.
2).The Setup Wizard has completed. Click on BACK to modify changes or mistakes. Click NEXT to save the
current settings.
3). Quick Start Completed!
34
35
4.4 Configuration
Click this item to access the following sub-items that configure the router: Interface Setup, Advanced Setup,
Access Management, and Maintenance.
36
4.4.1 Interface Setup
First, let us take a look at the Interface Setup. There are four items contained in this section, namely, Internet,
LAN, Wireless and Wireless MAC Filter. Each is described in the following scenario.
37
4.4.1.1 Internet
38
ATM VC
ATM settings are used to connect to your ADSL service. Your ISP provides VPI, VCI settings to you (VPI, VCI
pair is used to set a PVC). In this Device, you can totally setup 8 PVCs on different encapsulations, if you apply
8 different virtual circuits from your ISP. You need to activate the PVC to take effect. For PVCs management,
you can use ATM QoS to setup each PVC traffic line's priority.
Virtual Circuit: VPI (Virtual Path Identifier) and VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier) define a virtual circuit. VPI, VCI
paire is used to set a PVC
PVC Summary: show the information for each PVC where users can check status of each PVC.
VPI: The valid range for the VPI is 0 to 255. Enter the VPI assigned to you. This field may already be configured.
VCI: The valid range for the VCI is 32 to 65535. Enter the VCI assigned to you. This field may already be
configured.
QoS
ATM QoS: Select the Quality of Service types for this Virtual Circuit. The ATM QoS types include CBR
(Constant Bit Rate), VBR (Variable Bit Rate) and UBR (Unspecified Bit Rate). These QoS types are all
controlled by the parameters specified below, including PCR, SCR and MBS.
Select CBR to specify fixed (always-on) bandwidth for voice or data traffic. Select UBR for applications that are
non-time sensitive, such as e-mail. Select VBR for burst traffic and bandwidth sharing with other applications.
PCR: Divide the DSL line rate (bps) by 424 (the size of an ATM cell) to find the Peak Cell Rate (PCR). This is the
maximum rate at which the sender can send cells.
SCR: The Sustain Cell Rate (SCR) sets the average cell rate (long-term) that can be transmitted.
MBS: Maximum Burst Size (MBS) refers to the maximum number of cells that can be sent at the peak rate. Type
the MBS, which is less than 65535
IPv4/IPv6
IP version: choose IPv4, IPv4/IPv6, IPv6 base on users’ environment.
Here we take IPv4/IPv6 for example, when you just choose IPv4 or IPv6, you can just get information from the
following listed parameters.
Encapsulation:
ISP: Select the encapsulation type your ISP uses from the Encapsulation list.
Choices vary depending on what you select in the Mode field.

Dynamic IP: Select this option if your ISP provides you an IP address automatically. Please enter the
Dynamic IP information accordingly.
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
Static IP: Select this option to set static IP information. You will need to enter IP address, subnet mask,
and gateway address, provided to you by your ISP. Each IP address entered in the fields must be in the
appropriate IP form, which is four IP octets separated by a dot (x.x.x.x). The Router will not accept the IP
address if it is not in this format.

PPPoE/PPPoA: Select this option if your ISP requires you to use a PPPoE/PPPoA connection. This
option is typically used for DSL services.

Bridge Mode: select this option if you want use this router as a OSI 2 layer device like a switch.
802.1q Options
802.1q: Select whether to activate 802.1q feature. When activated, please enter the the VLAN ID.
VLAN ID: It is a parameter to specify the VLAN which the frame belongs. Enter the VLAN ID identification,
tagged: 0-4095.
PPPoE/PPPoA
Connection Type: Select PPPoE LLC, PPPoE VC-Mux, PPPoA LLC, PPPoA VC-Mux by your ISP in the Mode
field.
PPP Authentication: PPP authentication method, PAP, CHAP or Auto.
Username: Enter the user name exactly as your ISP assigned.
Password: Enter the password associated with the user name above.
Bridge Interface for PPPoE: When “Activated”, the device will gain WAN IP from your ISP with the PPPoE
account. But if your PC is connected to the router working as a DHCP client, in this mode, the device acts as a
NAT router; while if you dial up with the account within your PC, the device will then work as a bridge forwarding
the PPPoE information to the PPPoE server and send the response to your PC, thus your PC gets a WAN IP
working in the internet.
Connection Setting
Connection:
 Always On: Click on Always On to establish a PPPoE session during start up and to automatically
re-establish the PPPoE session when disconnected by the ISP.
 Connect Manually: Select Connect Manually when you don't want the connection up all the time.
TCP MSS Option: Enter the TCP Maximum Segment Size (MSS).
IP Options
Default Route: Select Yes to use this interface as default route interface.
TCP MTU Option: Enter the TCP Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU).
IPv4 options:
Get IP Address: Choose Static or Dynamic
Static IP Address: If Static is selected in the above field, please enter the specific IP address you get from ISP
and the following IP subnet mask and gateway address.
IP Subnet Mask: The default is 0.0.0.0. User can change it to other such as 255.255.255.0.Type the subnet
mask assigned to you by your ISP (if given).
Gateway: Enter the specific gateway IP address you get from ISP.
NAT: Select Enable if you use this router to hold a group of PCs to get access to the internet.
Dynamic Route:
RIP Version: (Routing Information protocol) Select this option to specify the RIP version, including RIP-1,
RIP-2.
RIP Direction: Select this option to specify the RIP direction.
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 None is for disabling the RIP function.
 Both means the router will periodically send routing information and accept routing information then
incorporate into routing table.
 IN only means the router will only accept but will not send RIP packet.
 OUT only means the router will only send but will not accept RIP packet.
IGMP Proxy: IGMP (Internet Group Multicast Protocol) is a network-layer protocol used to establish
membership in a Multicast group. Choose whether enable IGMP proxy.
IPv6 options (only when choose IPv4/IPv6 or just IPv6 in IP version field above):
IPv6 Address: Type the WAN IPv6 address from your ISP.
Obtain IPv6 DNS: Choose if you want to obtain DNS automatically.
Primary/Secondary: if you choose Disable in the Obtain IPv6 DNS field, please type the exactly primary and
secondary DNS.
MLD Proxy: MLD (Multicast Listener Discovery Protocol) is to IPv6 just as IGMP to IPv4. It is a Multicast
Management protocol for IPv6 multicast packets.
When router’s Internet configuration is finished successfully, you can go to status to get the connection
information.
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4.4.1.2 LAN
A Local Area Network (LAN) is a shared communication system to which many computers are attached and is
limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a building.
IPv6: The IPv6 address composes of two parts, thus, the prefix and the interface ID.
There are two ways to dynamically configure IPv6 address on hosts. One is statefull configuration, for example
using DHCPv6 (which resembles its counterpart DHCP in IPv4.) In the stateful autoconfiguration model, hosts
obtain interface addresses and/or configuration information and parameters from a DHCPv6 server. The Server
maintains a database that keeps track of which addresses have been assigned to which hosts.
The second way is stateless configuration. Stateless auto-configuration requires no manual configuration of
hosts, minimal (if any) configuration of routers, and no additional servers. The stateless mechanism allows a
host to generate its own addresses using a combination of locally available information (MAC address) and
information (prefix) advertised by routers. Routers advertise prefixes that identify the subnet(s) associated with
a link, while hosts generate an "interface identifier" that uniquely identifies an interface on a subnet. An address
is formed by combining the two. When using stateless configuration, you needn’t configure anything on the
client.
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IPv4 Parameters
IP Address: Enter the IP address of Router in dotted decimal notation, for example, 192.168.1.254 (factory
default).
IP Subnet Mask: The default is 255.255.255.0. User can change it to other such as 255.255.255.128.
Alias IP Address: This is for local networks virtual IP interface. Specify an IP address on this virtual interface.
Alias IP Subnet Mask: Specify a subnet mask on this virtual interface.
IGMP Snooping: Select Activated to enable IGMP Snooping function, Without IGMP snooping, multicast
traffic is treated in the same manner as broadcast traffic - that is, it is forwarded to all ports. With IGMP snooping,
multicast traffic of a group is only forwarded to ports that have members of that group.
Dynamic Route: Select the RIP version from RIP1 or RIP2.
DHCPv4 Server
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DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) allows individual clients to obtain TCP/IP configuration at start-up
from a server.
DHCPv4 Server: If set to Enabled, your Router can assign IP addresses, default gateway and DNS servers to
the DHCP client.

If set to Disabled, the DHCP server will be disabled.

If set to Relay, the Router acts as a surrogate DHCP server and relays DHCP requests and responses
between the remote server and the clients. Enter the IP address of the actual, remote DHCP server in
the Remote DHCP Server field in this case.

When DHCP is used, the following items need to be set.
Start IP: This field specifies the first of the contiguous addresses in the IP address pool.
IP Pool Count: This field specifies the count of the IP address pool.
Lease Time: The current lease time of client.
Physical Ports: Select to determine if the DHCPv4 server is applicable to the specific port or ports. By default,
all ports can obtain local IP from DHCPv4 server.
DNS Relay Select Automatically obtained or Manually set (if selected. Please set the exactly information).
Primary DNS Server: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers are passed to the DHCP
clients along with the IP address and the subnet mask.
Secondary DNS Server: Enter the IP addresses of the DNS servers. The DNS servers are passed to the
DHCP clients along with the IP address and the subnet mask.
Fixed Host
In this field, users can map the specific IP (must in the DHCP IP pool) for some specific MAC, and this
information can be listed in the following table.
IP Address: Enter the specific IP. For example: 192.168.1.110.
MAC Address: Enter the responding MAC. For example: 00:0A:F7:45:6D:ED
When added, you can see the ones listed as showed below:
IPv6 parameters
Interface Address / Prefix Length: enter the static LAN IPv6 address, we suggest leave the field empty
because when setted wrong, it will result in LAN devices not being able to access other IPv6 device through
internet. Router will take the same WAN’s prefix to LAN side if the field is empty.
MLD Snooping: Similar to IGMP Snooping, but applicable for IPv6.
DHCPv6 Server
DHCPv6 Server: Check whether to enable DHCPv6 server.
DHCPv6 Server Type: Select Stateless or Stateful. When DHCPv6 is enabled, this parameter is available.

Stateless: If selected, the PCs in LAN are configured through RA mode, thus, the PCs in LAN are
configured through RA mode, to obtain the prefix message and generate an address using a
combination of locally available information (MAC address) and information (prefix) advertised by
routers, but they can obtain such information like DNS from DHCPv6 Server.

Stateful: If selected, the PCs in LAN will be configured like in IPv4 mode, thus obtain addresses and
DNS information from DHCPv6 server.
Start interface ID: enter the start interface ID. The IPv6 address composed of two parts, thus, the prefix and the
interface ID. Interface is like the Host ID compared to IPv4.
End interface ID: enter the end interface ID.
Leased Time (hour): the leased time, similar to leased time in DHCPv4, is a time limit assigned to clients, when
expires, the assigned ID will be recycled and reassigned.
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Issue Router Advertisement: Check whether to enable issue Router Advertisement feature. It is to send
Router Advertisement messages periodically. Router will multicast the v6 Prefix information (similar to v4
network number 192.168.1.0) to all LAN devices if the field is enabled. We suggest enabling this field.
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4.4.1.3 Wireless
This section introduces the wireless LAN and some basic configurations. Wireless LANs can be as complex as
a number of computers with wireless LAN cards communicating through access points which bridge network
traffic to the wired LAN.
Access Point Settings
Access Point: Default setting is set to Activated. If you want to close the wireless interface, select
Deactivated.
AP MAC Address: The MAC address of wireless AP.
Wireless Mode: The default setting is 802.11b+g+n (Mixed mode). If you do not know or have both 11g and
11b devices in your network, then keep the default in mixed mode. From the drop-down manual, you can select
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802.11g if you have only 11g card. If you have only 11b card, then select 802.11b and if you only have 802.11n
then select 802.11n.
Channel: The range of radio frequencies used by IEEE 802.11b/g/n wireless devices is called a channel. There
are Regulation Domains and Channel ID in this field. The Channel ID will be different based on Regulation
Domains. Select a channel from the drop-down list box.
Beacon interval: The Beacon Interval value indicates the frequency interval of the beacon. Enter a value
between 20 and 1000. A beacon is a packet broadcast by the Router to synchronize the wireless network.
RTS/CTS Threshold: The RTS (Request To Send) threshold (number of bytes) for enabling RTS/CTS
handshake. Data with its frame size larger than this value will perform the RTS/CTS handshake. Enter a value
between 1500 and 2347.
Fragmentation Threshold: The threshold (number of bytes) for the fragmentation boundary for directed
messages. It is the maximum data fragment size that can be sent. Enter a value between 256 and 2346, even
number only.
DTIM Interval: This value, between 1 and 255, indicates the interval of the Delivery Traffic Indication Message
(DTIM).
TX Power: The transmission power of the antennas, ranging from 1-100, the higher the more powerful of the
transmission performance.
IGMP Snooping: Enable or disable the IGMP Snooping function for wireless. Without IGMP snooping,
multicast traffic is treated in the same manner as broadcast traffic - that is, it is forwarded to all ports. With IGMP
snooping, multicast traffic of a group is only forwarded to ports that have members of that group.”
11n Settings
Channel Bandwidth: Select either 20 MHz, 20 MHz or 20/40 MHz for the channel bandwidth. The wider the
Channel bandwidth the better the performance will be.
Guard Interval: Select either 400nsec or 800nsec for the guard interval. The guard interval is here to ensure
that data transmission do not interfere with each other. It also prevents propagation delays, echoing and
reflections. The shorter the Guard Interval, the better the performance will be. We recommend users to select
Auto.
MCS: There are options 0~15 and AUTO to select for the Modulation and Coding Scheme. We recommend
users selecting AUTO.
SSID Settings
Available SSID: User can determine how many virtual SSIDs to be used. Default is 1, maximum is 4.
SSID Index: Select how many SSIDs you want to lay out. A total of 4 is in list. By default 4 SSIDs are in use.
SSID: The SSID is the unique name of a wireless access point (AP) to be distinguished from another. For
security propose, change the default to a unique ID name to the AP which is already built-in to the router’s
wireless interface. Make sure your wireless clients have exactly the SSID as the device, in order to get
connected to your network.
Broadcast SSID: Select Yes to make the SSID visible so a station can obtain the SSID through passive
scanning. Select No to hide the SSID in so a station cannot obtain the SSID through passive scanning.
SSID Activated: Select the time period during which the SSID is active. Default is always which means the
SSID will be active all the time without time control. See 4.4.2.8 Time Schedule to set the time-slot to flexibly
control when the SSID functions.
WPS Settings
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) feature is a standard protocol created by Wi-Fi Alliance. This feature greatly
simplifies the steps needed to create a Wi-Fi networks for a residential or an office setting. WPS supports 2
types of configuration methods which are commonly known among consumers: PIN Method & PBC Method.
WPS State: Display whether the WPS is configured or unconfigured.
WPS Mode: Select the mode which to start WPS, choose between PIN Code and PBC (Push Button).
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Selecting Pin Code mode will require you to know the enrollee PIN code.
To future understand the two modes of configuration; please refer to the following Wi-Fi Protected Setup.
Wi-Fi Protected Setup
PIN Method: Configure AP as Registrar
1. Jot down the client’s Pin (eg. 04640776).
2. Enter the Enrollee(Client) PIN code and then press Start WPS.
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3. Launch the wireless client’s WPS utility (eg. Ralink Utility). Set the Config Mode as Enrollee, press the WPS
button on the top bar, select the AP from the WPS AP List column. Then press the PIN button located on the
middle left of the page to run the scan.
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4. The client’s SSID and security setting will now be configured to match the SSID and security setting of the
registrar (router).
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PIN Method: Configure AP as Enrollee
1. Jot down the WPS PIN (eg. 03454435).Press Start WPS.
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2. Launch the wireless client’s WPS utility (eg. Ralink Utility). Set the Config Mode as Registrar. Enter the PIN
number in the PIN Code column then choose the correct AP from the WPS AP List before pressing the PIN
button to run the scan.
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3. The router’s (AP’s) SSID and security setting will now be configured to match the SSID and security setting of
the registrar (client).
4. Now to make sure that the setup is correctly done, cross check to see if the SSID and the security setting of
the registrar setting match with the parameters found on both Wireless Configuration and Wireless Security
Configuration page.
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PBC Method:
1. Press the PBC radio button, Then Start WPS.
2. Launch the wireless client’s WPS Utility (eg. Ralink Utility). Set the Config Mode as Enrollee. Then press the
WPS button and choose the correct AP from the WPS AP List section before pressing the PBC button to run the
scan.
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3. When the PBC button is pushed, a wireless communication will be established between your router and the
PC. The client’s SSID and security setting will now be configured to match the SSID and security setting of the
router.
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Security Settings
Security Type: You can disable or enable wireless security for protecting wireless network. The default type of
wireless security is OPEN and to allow all wireless stations to communicate with the access points without any
data encryption.
To prevent unauthorized wireless stations from accessing data transmitted over the network, the router offers
secure data encryption, known as WEP and WPA.
There are five alternatives to select from: WEP 64-bit, WEP 128-bit, WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK, Mixed
WPA/WPA2-PSK. If you require high security for transmissions, please select WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK or
WPA/WPA2-PSK.

WEP
WEP Authentication Method: WEP authentication method, there are two methods of authentication used,
Open System authentication (OPENWEB) and Share Key authentication (SHAREDWEB). We suggest you
select OPENWEB.
Key 1 to Key 4: Enter the key to encrypt wireless data. To allow encrypted data transmission, the WEP
Encryption Key values on all wireless stations must be the same as the router. There are four keys for your
selection. The input format is in HEX style, 5 and 13 HEX codes are required for 64-bitWEP and 128-bitWEP
respectively.
If you chose WEP 64-bit, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
If you chose WEP 128-bit, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F").
You must configure all four keys, but only one key can be activated at any one time. The default key is key 1.
Note: When you enable WPS function, this WEP function will be invalid. And if you select one of WEP-64Bits/
WEP-128Bits, the following prompt box will appear to notice you.

WPA-PSK / WPA2-PSK
WPA Algorithms: TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) or AES (Advanced Encryption System) utilizes a
stronger encryption method and incorporates Message Integrity Code (MIC) to provide protection against
hackers.
Pre-Shared key: The key for network authentication. The input format should be 8-63 ASKII characters or 64
hexadecimal characters
Key Renewal Interval: The time interval for changing the security key automatically between wireless client
and AP.
WDS Settings
WDS (Wireless distributed system) is a wireless access point mode that enables wireless link and
communication with other access point. It is easy to be installed, just define the peer’s MAC of the connected
AP.
WDS Mode: select Activated to enable WDS feature and Deactivated to disable this feature.
MAC Address: Enter the AP MAC addresses (in XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX format) of the peer connected AP.
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4.4.1.4 Wireless MAC Filter
The MAC filter screen allows you to configure the router to give exclusive access to up to 8 devices (Allow
Association) or exclude up to 8 devices from accessing the router (Deny Association). Every Ethernet device
has a unique MAC (Media Access Control) address. The MAC address is assigned at the factory and consists of
six pairs of hexadecimal characters, for example, 00:AA:BB:00:00:02. You need to know the MAC address of
the devices to configure this screen.
SSID Index: Select the targeted SSID you want the MAC filter rules to apply to.
Active: Select Activated to enable MAC address filtering.
Action: Define the filter action for the list of MAC addresses in the MAC address filter table.
Select Deny to block access to the AP, MAC addresses not listed will be allowed to access the router. Select
Allow to permit access to the router, MAC addresses not listed will be denied access to the router.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC addresses (in XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX format) of the wireless station that are
allowed or denied access to the specified in these address fields.
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4.4.2 Advanced Setup
Advanced Step provides some advanced features including Firewall, Routing, NAT, Static DNS, ADSL, QoS,
Internet Grouping, Time Schedule and Remote System Log for all advanced users. Please move on to have
a picture of what the exact feature is about and how to use it.
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4.4.2.1 Firewall
Your router includes a firewall for helping to prevent attacks from hackers. In addition to this, when using NAT
(Network Address Translation) the router acts as a “natural” Internet firewall, since all PCs on your LAN use
private IP addresses that cannot be directly accessed from the Internet.
Firewall: To automatically detect and block Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, such as Ping of Death, SYN Flood,
Port Scan and Land Attack.
 Enabled: It activates your firewall function.
 Disabled: It disables the firewall function.
SPI: If you enabled SPI, all traffics initiated from WAN would be blocked, including DMZ, Virtual Server, and ACL
WAN side.

Enabled: It activates your SPI function.
 Disabled: It disables the SPI function.
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4.4.2.2 Routing
This is static route feature. You are equipped with the capability to control the routing of all the traffic across your
network. With each routing rule created, user can specifically assign the destination where the traffic will be
routed to.
#: Item number
Destination IP Address: IP address of the destination network
Subnet Mask: The subnet mask of destination network.
Gateway IP Address: IP address of the gateway or existing interface that this route uses.
Metric: It represents the cost of transmission for routing purposes. The number need not be precise, but it must
be between 1 and 15.
Interface: Media/channel selected to append the route.
Edit: Edit the route; this icon is not shown for system default route.
Drop: Drop the route; this icon is not shown for system default route.
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ADD Route
Destination IP Address: This is the destination subnet IP address.
Destination Subnet Mask: The subnet mask of destination network.
Gateway IP Address/Interface:This is the gateway IP address or existing interface to which packets are to be
forwarded.
Metric:It represents the cost of transmission for routing purposes. The number need not be precise, but it must
be between 1 and 15.
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4.4.2.3 NAT
The NAT (Network Address Translation) feature transforms a private IP into a public IP, allowing multiple users
to access the internet through a single IP account, sharing the single IP address. NAT break the originally
envisioned model of IP end-to-end connectivity across the internet so NAT can cause problems where IPSec/
PPTP encryption is applied or some application layer protocols such as SIP phones are located behind a NAT.
And NAT makes it difficult for systems behind a NAT to accept incoming communications.
In this session, there are “VPN Passthrough”, “DMZ/Virtual Server” provided to solve these nasty problems.
NAT Status: Enabled. It depends on ISP Connection Type in Internet settings.
VPN Passthrough: VPN pass-through is a feature of routers which allows VPN client on a private network to
establish outbound VPNs unhindered.
SIP ALG: Enable the SIP ALG when SIP phone needs ALG to pass through the NAT. Disable the SIP ALG
when SIP phone includes NAT-Traversal algorithm.
Interface: Select to set DMZ/Virtual Server for “ADSL(PVC0-PVC7)”.
Click DMZ
or Virtual Server
which are represented in the following scenario.
to move on to set the DMZ or Virtual Server parameters,
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DMZ
The DMZ Host is a local computer exposed to the Internet. When setting a particular internal IP address as the
DMZ Host, all incoming packets will be checked by the Firewall and NAT algorithms then passed to the DMZ
host, when a packet received does not use a port number used by any other Virtual Server entries.
DMZ for: Indicate the related WAN interface which allows outside network to connect in and communicate.
Note: Here you can see the Single IPs Account/PVC0. It is the interface set in the previous NAT page.
DMZ:

Enabled: It activates your DMZ function.

Disabled: It disables the DMZ function.
DMZ Host IP Address: Give a static IP address to the DMZ Host when Enabled radio button is checked. Be
aware that this IP will be exposed to the WAN/Internet.
Select the Save button to apply your changes.
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Virtual Server
In TCP/IP networks a port is a 16-bit number used to identify which application program (usually a server)
incoming connections should be delivered to. Some ports have numbers that are pre-assigned to them by the
IANA (the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority), and these are referred to as “well-known ports”. Servers follow
the well-known port assignments so clients can locate them.
If you wish to run a server on your network that can be accessed from the WAN (i.e. from other machines on the
Internet that are outside your local network), or any application that can accept incoming connections (e.g.
Peer-to-peer/P2P software such as instant messaging applications and P2P file-sharing applications) and are
using NAT (Network Address Translation), then you will usually need to configure your router to forward these
incoming connection attempts using specific ports to the PC on your network running the application. You will
also need to use port forwarding if you want to host an online game server.
The reason for this is that when using NAT, your publicly accessible IP address will be used by and point to your
router, which then needs to deliver all traffic to the private IP addresses used by your PCs. Please see the WAN
configuration section of this manual for more information on NAT.
The device can be configured as a virtual server so that remote users accessing services such as Web or FTP
services via the public (WAN) IP address can be automatically redirected to local servers in the LAN network.
Depending on the requested service (TCP/UDP port number), the device redirects the external service request
to the appropriate server within the LAN network.
Virtual Server for: Indicate the related WAN interface which allows outside network to connect in and
communicate.
Protocol: Choose the application protocol.
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Start Port Number: Enter a port number as the starting number of the range which you want to give access to
internal server.
End Port Number: Enter a port number as the end number of the range which you want to give access to
internal server..
Local IP Address: Enter your server IP address in this field.
Start Port Number (Local): Please enter the start port number of the local application (service).
End Port Number (Local): Please enter the end port number of the local application (service).
Examples of well-known and registered port numbers are shown below. For further information, please see
IANA’s website at http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers
Well-known and Registered Ports
Port Number
21
22
23
25
53
69
80
110
443
1503
1720
7070
Protocol
TCP
TCP & UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP & UDP
UDP
TCP
TCP
TCP & UDP
TCP
TCP
UDP
Description
FTP Control
SSH Remote Login Protocol
Telnet
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
DNS (Domain Name Server)
TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol)
World Wide Web HTTP
POP3 (Post Office Protocol Version 3)
HTTPS
T.120
H.323
RealAudio
If you have a FTP server in your LAN network, and want to be accessing through WAN, you can have it set as
virtual server.
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Some tips for using DMZ and Virtual Server:
Using port forwarding does have security implications, as outside users will
be able to connect to PCs on your network. For this reason you are advised to
use specific Virtual Server entries just for the ports your application requires,
instead of using DMZ. As doing so will result in all connections from the WAN
attempt to access to your public IP of the DMZ PC specified.
Attention
If you have disabled the NAT option in the WAN-ISP section, the Virtual Server
function will hence be invalid.
If the DHCP server option is enabled, you have to be very careful in assigning
the IP addresses of the virtual servers in order to avoid conflicts. The easiest
way of configuring Virtual Servers is to manually assign static IP address to
each virtual server PC, with an address that does not fall into the range of IP
addresses that are to be issued by the DHCP server. You can configure the
virtual server IP address manually, but it must still be in the same subnet as
the router.
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4.4.2.4 Static DNS
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical naming system built on a distributed database for computers,
services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network associates various information with
domain names assigned to each of the participating entities. Most importantly, it translates domain names
meaningful to humans into the numerical identifiers associated with networking equipment for the purpose of
locating and addressing these devices worldwide.
An often-used analogy to explain the Domain Name System is that it serves as the phone book for the Internet
by translating human-friendly computer hostnames into IP addresses. For example, the domain name
www.example.com can be translated into the addresses 192.0.32.10 (IPv4).
Static DNS is a concept relative to Dynamic DNS, in static DNS system, the IP mapped is static without change.
IP Address: The IP address you are going to give a specific domain name.
Domain Name: The friendly domain name for the IP address.
Press Save button to apply your settings.
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4.4.2.5 ADSL
This screen allows you to adjust DSL parameters. DSL knowledge is required to configure these settings.
Contact your ISP to make sure that these parameters are correct.
SRA: Seamless Rate Adaptation, is a technology used to adapt the rate seamlessly without any influence to the
working system, to assure of the quality of the DSL system.
ADSL Mode: The default setting is Auto Sync-Up. This mode will automatically detect your ADSL2+, ADSL2,
G.DMT, G.lite, and T1.413.
ADSL Type: There are five modes ”Annex A”, ”Annex I”, “Annex A/L”, ”Annex M” and “Annex A/I/J/L/M” that
user can select for this connection.
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4.4.2.6 QoS
Quality of Service (QoS) helps to prioritize data as it enters your router. By attaching special identification marks
or headers to incoming packets, QoS determines which queue the packets enter, based on priority. This is
useful when there are certain types of data you want to give higher priority to, such as voice data packets given
higher priority than Web data packets.
The main goal of QoS is prioritizing incoming data, preventing data loss due to factors such as jitter, delay and
dropping. Another important aspect of QoS is ensuring that prioritizing one data flow doesn’t interfere with other
data flows.
QoS can be toggled Activated and Deactivated. QoS must be activated before you can edit the following
options. When you are done making changes, click on Add to save your changes.
Click on QoS Settings Summary to view the list of QoS rules that have been added.
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QoS: Select to activate QoS configuration..
QoS Schedulng: The Queue Scheduling Algorithm, here supporting WRR (Weighted Round Robin) and SP
(Strict Priority).
 WRR: Weighted Round Robin, used to alternate each WRR queue to ensure that every queue can enjoy
its due service time (resource) in accordance with its weight.
 SP: Strict Priority; it always sends the packets in queue with higher priority, and under this circumstance,
the packets in lowest-priority queue may be delayed for quite a long time.
WRR Weight: Available only when WRR is used in QoS Scheduling field.
Scheduling Save: To save the strategy set above.
Rule Summary: To view the rule & action setting details.
Rule
You can set 16 different QoS rules. Each QoS rule has its detail setting conditions like: Application, Physical
Ports, MAC, IP, Port, Protocol etc, you can modify the default value to any new one you wish. Please notice that
only when the packet fulfill every detail setting conditions here, then this packet will be remarked as the priority
queue of each rule. The non-selected setting part will be treated as “don’t care” and the system will not handle
this setting part. If the original packet does not have 802.1q tagged header, system will not add header for this
packet even the detail setting condition has adding 802.1p priority ability.
Rule Index: Select 16 different rules, each rule’s detail can be set and saved.
Active: Select QoS is activated or deactivated.
Application: Select the different applications: IGMP, SIP, H.323, MGCP, SNMP, DNS, DHCP, RIP, RSTP, RTCP,
RTP.
Physical Ports: This option is to allow you to decide which physical port you want to configure as condition for
packets filtering; user can choose to specify the specific physical port for accurate filtering or skip this option if
no .accurate settings needed.
Destination MAC Address: Set the Ethernet MAC value that you want to filter on destination side.
Destination IPv4/IPv6 Address: Set the IP address value that you want to filter on destination side in IPv4 or
IPv6.
Destination Subnet Mask/Prefix: Specify the Subnet Mask for IPv4 or prefix for IPv6.
Destination Port Range: Set the port range value that you want to filter on destination side.
Source MAC Address: Set the Ethernet MAC value that you want to filter on source side.
Source IPv4/IPv6 Address: Set the IP address value that you want to filter on source side in IPv4 or IPv6.
Source Subnet Mask/IPv6 Prefix: Specify the Subnet Mask for IPv4 or prefix for IPv6 on source side.
Source Port Range: Set the port range value that you want to filter on source side.
Protocol ID: Set the protocol ID type (TCP, UDP, ICMP, IGMP) that you want to filter.
Vlan ID Range: Set the Vlan value that you want to filter.
IPP/DS Field: Select IP QoS format.
IP Precedence Range: Select the IP precedence range.
Type of Service : Select from the 5 different types of service .
DSCP: Set the DSCP value that you want to filter.
802.1p: Set the remarked new 802.1p priority value on the packet that fulfill every detail setting condition of
each rule.
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Action
After finishing all rules detail condition setting, select the rule you want to execute and action here.
IPP/DS Field: Select IP QoS format.
IP Precedence Remarking: Select the value to remark IP precedence.
Type of Service Remarking: Select the value to remark Type of Service.
DSCP Remarking: Set the value to remark DSCP.
802.1p Remarking: Select the value to remark 802.1p.
Queue #: The four types of Queue - Low, Medium, High, Highest – which you want to put in if the packet meets
the condition.
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4.4.2.7 Interface Grouping
Interface grouping is a function to group interfaces, known as VLAN. A Virtual LAN, commonly known as a VLAN,
is a group of hosts with the common set of requirements that communicate as if they were attached to the same
broadcast domain, regardless of the physical location. A VLAN has the same attributes as a physical LAN, but it
allows for end stations to be grouped together even if they are not located on the same network switch. Similarly,
they may also have been split into two different groups, even if they are on the same switch.
Each group will perform as an independent network. To support this feature, you must create mapping groups
with appropriate LAN and WAN interfaces using the Save button.
Interface Grouping: Select Yes to enable Interface Grouping feature.
Group Index: The index number indicating the current group ranging from 0 to 15.
ATM PVCs (Virtual Circuit): The available ADSL PVCs. Move to 4.4.1 Interface Setup to add other
ADSL .service
Ethernet LAN: The available Ethernet ports.
Wireless LAN: The available wireless ports.
Group Summary: Press Group Summary to check the current group information.
For example, you can create two ADSL services, Service0(PPPoE) and Service1(Bridge).
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You are going to group the ports and services into two working group, as shown below.
Group Index
Group Port
0
PVC0,LAN1, LAN2, WLAN1
1
PVC2, LAN3, LAN4
Click Group Summary to show the configuration results.
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4.4.2.8 Time Schedule
The Time Schedule supports up to 16 timeslots which helps you to manage your Internet connection. In each
time profile, you may schedule specific day(s) i.e. Monday through Sunday to restrict or allowing the usage of
the Internet by users or applications.
This Time Schedule correlates closely with router’s time, since router does not have a real time clock on board;
it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) to get the current time from an SNTP server from the Internet.
Time Index: The rule index (0-15) for identifying each timeslot.
Name: User-defined identification for each time period.
Day of Week: Mon. to Sun. Specify the time interval for each timeslot from “Day of Week”.
For example, user can add a timeslot named “TimeSlot1” which features a period from 9:00 of Saturday to 18:00
of Sunday.
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4.4.2.9 Remote System Log
Remote System Log is designed to keep remote administrators informed of the system-operating information.
Administrator can set up a remote system log server for receiving and monitoring the system information by
enabling remote system log feature on the router.
Remote System Log: Select whether to activate “Remote System Log”.
Server IP Address: Enter the remote syslog server IP address.
Server UDP Port: Enter the UDP port of the remote syslog server.
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4.4.3 Access Management
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4.4.3.1 Device Management
Device management offers users a way to change the embeded web server accessing port, default 80. User
can change the http port to 8080 or something else here.
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4.4.3.2 SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a protocol used for exchanging management information
between network devices. SNMP is a member of the TCP/IP protocol suite. Router serves as a SNMP agent
which allows a manager station to manage and monitor the router through the network.
SNMP: Select to enable SNMP feature.
Get Community: Type the Get Community, which is the password for the incoming Get-and-GetNext requests
from the management station.
Set Community: Type the Set Community, which is the password for incoming Set requests from the
management station.
Trap Manager IP: Enter the IP of the server receiving the trap message(when some exception occurs) sent by
this SNMP agent.
SNMPv3: Enable to activate the SNMPv3.
User Name: Enter the name allowed to access the SNMP agent.
Access Permissions: Set the access permissions for the user; RO--read only and RW--read and writer.
Authentication Protocol: Select the authentication protocol, MD5 and SHA. SNMP agent can communicate
with the manager station through authentication and encryption to secure the message exchange. Set the
authentication and encryption information here and below.
Authentication Key: Set the authentication key, 8-31 characters.
Privacy Protocol: Select the privacy mode, DES and AES.
Privacy Key: Set the privacy key, 8-31 characters.
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4.4.3.3 Universal Plug & Play
UPnP offers peer-to-peer network connectivity for PCs and other network devices, along with control and data
transfer between devices. UPnP offers many advantages for users running NAT routers through UPnP NAT
Traversal, and on supported systems makes tasks such as port forwarding much easier by letting the
application control the required settings, removing the need for the user to control advanced configuration of
their device.
UPnP: Select this checkbox to activate UPnP. Be aware that anyone could use a UPnP application to open the
web configuration’s login screen without entering the Router IP address
Auto-configured: Select this check box to allow UPnP-enabled applications to automatically configure the
Router so that they can communicate through the Router, for example by using NAT traversal, UPnP
applications automatically reserve a NAT forwarding port in order to communicate with another UPnP enabled
device; this eliminates the need to manually configure port forwarding for the UPnP enabled application.
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4.4.3.4 Dynamic DNS
The Dynamic DNS function allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static hostname, allowing users whose ISP
does not assign them a static IP address to use a domain name. This is especially useful for hosting servers via your
internet connection, so that anyone wishing to connect to you may use your domain name, rather than having to use
your dynamic IP address, which changes from time to time. This dynamic IP address is the WAN IP address of the
router, which is assigned to you by your ISP.
Here users can register different WAN interfaces with different DNS(es). But note that first users have to go to the
Dynamic DNS registration service provider to register an account.
Dynamic DNS: Select this check box to activate Dynamic DNS.
Service Provider: Select from drop-down menu for the appropriate service provider, for example: www.dyndns.org.
My Host Name: Type the domain name assigned to your Router by your Dynamic DNS provider.
Username: Type your user name.
Password: Type the password.
Wildcard support: Select this check box to enable DYNDNS Wildcard.
Period: Set the time period between updates, for the Router to exchange information with the DDNS server. In
addition to updating periodically as per your settings, the router will perform an update when your dynamic IP address
changes.
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User can register a DDNS
Examples: Note first users have to go to the Dynamic DNS registration service provider to register an account.
User test1 register a Dynamic Domain Names in DDNS provider http://www.dyndns.org/ .
DDNS: myhome.dyndns.org using username/password myhome-123/myhome-456
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4.4.3.5 Access Control
Access Control Listing allows you to determine which services/protocols can access Router interface from
which computers. It is a management tool aimed to allow IPs(set in secure IP address) to access specified
embedded applications (Web, etc, user can set) through some specified interface (LAN, WAN or both). User
can have an elaborate understanding in the examples below.
The maximum number of entries is 16.
Access Control: Select whether to make Access Control function available.
Rule Index: This is item number
Active: Select to activate the rule.
Secure IP Address: The default 0.0.0.0 allows any client to use this service to manage the Router. Type an IP
address range to restrict access to the client(s) without a matching IP address.
Application: Choose a service that you want to all access to all the secure IP clients. The drop-down menu lists
all the common used applications.
Interface: Select the access interface. Choices are LAN, WAN and Both.
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By default, the “Access Control” has two default rules.
1. Rule 1(Index 1), a rule to allow only clients from LAN to have access to all embedded applications (Web, FTP,
etc). Under this situation, clients from WAN can not access the router even from Ping.
2, Rule 2(Index 2), a ACL rule to open Ping to WAN side.
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4.4.3.6 Packet Filter
You can filter the packages by MAC address, IP address, Protocol, Port number and Application or URL.

IP & MAC Filter
Packet Filter
Filter Type: There are three types “IP & MAC Filter”, “Application Filter”, and “URL Filter” that user can select
for this filter rule. Here we set IP & MAC Filter.
IP & MAC Filter Editing
Rule Index: This is item number
Individual Active: Select Yes to activate the rule.
Action: This is how to deal with the packets matching the rule. Allow please select White List or block selecting
Black List.
Interface: Select to determine which interface the rule will be applied to.
Direction: Select to determine whether the rule applies to outgoing packets, incoming packets or packets of
both directions.
Type: Choose type of field you want to specify to monitor. Select “IPv4” for IPv4 address, port number and
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protocol. Select “IPv6” for IPv6 address, port number and protocol. Select “MAC” for MAC address.
Source IP Address: The source IP address of packets to be monitored. 0.0.0.0 means “Don’t care”.
Source Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask of the source network.
Source Port Number: The source port number of packets to be monitored. 0 means “Don’t care”.
Destination IP Address: The destination IP address of packets to be monitored. 0.0.0.0 means “Don’t care”.
Destination Subnet Mask: Enter the subnet mask of the destination network.
Destination Port Number: This is the Port that defines the application. (E.g. HTTP port 80.)
DSCP: DSCP: Differentiated Services Code Point, it is recommended that this option be configured by an
advanced user or keep 0. (0 means Don’t care.)
Protocol: Specify the packet type (TCP, UDP, ICMP, ICMPv6) that the rule applies to.
IP/MAC Filter Listing
#: Item number.
Active: Whether the connection is currently active.
Interface: show the interface the rule applied to.
Direction: show the direction the rule applied to.
Source IP(IPv6) Address/Mask(Prefix): The source IP address or range of packets to be monitored.
Destination IP(IPv6) Address/Mask(Prefix): This is the destination subnet IP address.
Source MAC Address: show the MAC address of the rule applied.
Source Port: The source port number of packets to be monitored.
Destination Port: This is the Port or Port Ranges that defines the application.
DSCP: show the set DSCP.
Protocol: It is the packet protocol type used by the application. Select either TCP or UDP or ICMP or ICMPv6
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
Application Filter
Application Filter: Select this option to Activated/Deactivated the Application filter.
ICQ: Select this option to Allow/Deny ICQ.
MSN: Select this option to Allow/Deny MSN.
YMSG: Select this option to Allow/Deny Yahoo messenger.
Real Audio/Video(RTSP): Select this option to Allow/Deny Real Audio/Video (RTSP).
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
URL Filter
URL Filter: Select Activated to enable URL Filter.
URL Filter Rule Index: This is item number.
Individual Active: To give control to the specific URL access individually, for example, you want to prohibit
access to www.yahoo.com, please first press Activated in “URL Filter” field, and also Yes in “Individual Active”
field; if some time you want to allow access to this URL, you simply select No in individual active field. In a word,
the command serves as a switch to the access of some specific URL with the filter on.
URL(Host): Specified URL which is prohibited from accessing.
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4.4.3.7 CWMP (TR-069)
CWMP, short for CPE WAN Management Protocol, also called TR069 is a Broadband Forum technical
specification entitled CPE WAN Management Protocol (CWMP). It defines an application layer protocol for
remote management of end-user devices. It defines an application layer protocol for remote management of
end-user devices.
As a bidirectional SOAP/HTTP based protocol it can provides the communication between customer premises
equipment (CPE) and Auto Configuration Server (ACS). It includes both a safe configuration and the control of
other CPE management functions within an integrated framework. In the course of the booming broadband
market, the number of different internet access possibilities grew as well (e.g. modems, routers, gateways,
set-top box, VoIP-phones).At the same time the configuration of this equipment became more complicated –too
complicated for end-users. For this reason, TR-069 was developed. It provides the possibility of auto
configuration of the access types. Using TR-069 the terminals can get in contact with the Auto Configuration
Servers (ACS) and establish the configuration automatically and let ACS configure CPE automatically.
CWMP: Select activated to enable CWMP.
ACS Login Information
URL: Enter the ACS server login URL.
User Name: Specify the ACS User Name for ACS authentication to the connection from CPE.
Password: Enter the ACS server login password.
Connection Request Information
Path: Local path in HTTP URL for an ACS to make a Connection Request notification to the CPE.
Username: Username used to authenticate an ACS making a Connection Request to the CPE.
Password: Password used to authenticate an ACS making a Connection Request to the CPE.
Periodic Inform Config
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Periodic Inform: Select activated to enable to let CPE be authorized to send Inform message to automatically
connect to ACS.
Interval(s): Specify the inform interval time (sec) which CPE used to periodically send inform message to
automatically connect to ACS. When the inform interval time arrives, the CPE will send inform message to
automatically connect to ACS.
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4.4.3.8 Parental Control
With this feature, router can reject to provide Internet services to the specified computer during some specified
time interval. This can be very useful for parents to give control to children using computer without restraint.
Parent Control: Select Activated to enable this feature.
MAC Address: Type the MAC address(es) you want to block to access the internet (access to the router is
sustained). The format of MAC address could be: xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx . If you want to set restriction to the Browser
PC, you can directly check the checkbox of Browser’s MAC Address.
Block Schedule: Select a timeslot throughout which the above set MAC is restricted to access internet. See
Time Schedule to set the exact timeslot.
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4.4.4 Maintenance
Maintenance equipments the users with the ability of maintaining the device as well as examining the
connectivity of the WAN connections, including User Management, Time Zone, Firmware & Configuration,
System Restart, Diagnostic Tool. Usage of each feature is to be presented in the following scenarios.
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4.4.4.1 User Management
User Management controls the Router Web GUI permission to the specific account.
In factory setting, the default accounts are admin/admin and user/user. The default root account admin has
been authorized to full web access of router. user/user is equipment ed with limited access (specified by
advanced users with admin account) to router web. A total of 6 other accounts can be created to grant access to
specific web page like “user” account (need to be specified).
 “admin/admin”
admin/admin is the root account provided by our router.
User Setup
Index: User account index, total is 8.
User Name: Users can create account(s) to give it (them) access to router webpage.
New Password: Type the password for the user account. Default user admin's password can be changed here
and confirmed in the next field.
Confirmed Password: Type password again for confirmation.
Web GUI Permission
Login using the Administrator account, you will have the full accessibility to manage & control your Router
device and can also create user accounts for others to control some of the open configuration settings.
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 other additional users including “user/user”
For example, adding an account called “user/user”, setting authorized feature access to the account
User Setup
Index: User account index, total is 8.
User Name: Users can create account(s) to give it (them) access to router webpage.
New Password: Type the password for the user account.
Confirmed Password: Type password again for confirmation.
Web GUI Permission
Guest Account: A pre-set guest account setting granted with Interface Setup, Advanced Setup,
Access Management access. Enable to have access to Interface Setup, Advanced Setup and
Access Management or disable to set the specifics yourself.
Interface Setup: Enable to allowing access to Interface Setup with this account.
Advanced Setup: Enable to allowing access to Advanced Setup with this account.
Access Management: Enable to allowing access to Access Management with this account.
Maintenance: Enable to allowing access to Maintenance with this account.
When customers use the “user” account to login to the router, they are offered with only configuration items set
in Web GUI Permission.
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4.4.4.2 Time Zone
The router does not have a real time clock on board; instead, it uses the Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP)
to get the current time from an SNTP server outside your network. Choose your local time zone. After a
successful connection to the Internet, the router will retrieve the correct local time from the SNTP server you
have specified. If you prefer to specify an SNTP server other than those default, simply enter its IP address as
shown above. Your ISP may provide an SNTP server for you to use.
Synchronize time with: Select the methods to synchronize the time.
 NTP Server automatically: To synchronize time with the NTP server.
 PC’s Clock: To synchronize time with the PC’s clock.
 Manually: Select this, user need to set the time yourself manually.
Time Zone: Choose the time zone of your location. This will set the time difference between your time zone and
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Daylight Saving: Select this option if you use daylight savings time.
NTP Server Address: Enter the IP address of your time server. Check with your ISP/network administrator if
you are unsure of this information.
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4.4.4.3 Firmware & Configuraion
Your router’s “firmware” is the software that allows it to operate and provides all its functionality. Think of your
router as a dedicated computer, and the firmware as the software it runs. Over time this software may be
improved and modified, and your router allows you to upgrade the software it runs to take advantage of these
changes.
To upgrade the firmware of Router, you should download or copy the firmware to your local environment first.
Press the “Browse…” button to specify the path of the firmware file. Then, click “Upgrade” to start upgrading.
When the procedure is completed, Router will reset automatically to make the new firmware work.
Upgrade: Choose Firmware or Configuration you want to update.
System Restart with:
 Current Settings: Restart the device with the current settings automatically when finishing upgrading.
 Factory Default Settings: Restart the device with factory default settings automatically when finishing
upgrading.
File: Type in the location of the file you want to upload in this field or click Browse to find it.
Browse: Click Browse... to find the configuration file or firmware file you want to upload. Remember that you
must decompress compressed (.zip) files before you can upload them.
Backup Configuration: Click Backup button to back up the now running configuration file to your computer in
the event that you need this configuration file to restore the device especially when you make some wrong
configurations and you need to restore the original settings.
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UPGRADE: Click UPGRADE to begin the upload process. This process may take up to two minutes.
DO NOT power down the router or interrupt the firmware upgrading while it is still
in process. Improper operation could damage the router.
Warning
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4.4.4.4 System Restart
Click System Restart with option Current Settings to reboot your router.
If you wish to restart the router using the factory default settings (for example, after a firmware upgrade or if you
have saved an incorrect configuration), select Factory Default Settings to restore to factory default settings.
You may also restore your router to factory settings by holding the small Reset pinhole button on the back of
your router in about more than 6s seconds whilst the router is turned on.
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4.4.4.5 Diagnostics Tool
The Diagnostic Test page shows the test results for the connectivity of the physical layer and protocol layer for
both LAN and WAN sides.
Click Start to begin to diagnose the connection.
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Chapter 5
Troubleshooting
If the router is not functioning properly, you can refer first to this chapter for simple troubleshooting before
contacting your service provider. This could save your time and effort but if the symptoms persist, then consult
your service provider.
Problems starting up the router
Problem
Corrective Action
None of the LEDs are
on when you turn on
the router.
Check the connection between the adapter and the router. If the error persists,
you may have a hardware problem. In this case you should contact technical
support.
You have forgotten
your router login
username and/or
password.
Try the default username "Admin" and password "CalVxePV1!". If this fails, you
can restore your router to its factory settings by holding the Reset button on the
back of your router more than 6 seconds
Problems with the WAN Interface
Problem
Corrective Action
Obtaining WAN IP
failure
Check that your internet settings are the same as those provided by your ISP.
Reboot the router if you still have problems, you may need to verify these settings
with your ISP.
Problems with the LAN Interface
Problem
Corrective Action
Can’t ping any PCs on 1. Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel. The LED should be on for a port
the LAN.
that has a PC connected. If it is off, check the cables between your router and the
PC.
2. Verify that the IP address and the subnet mask are consistent between the
router and the PC.
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APPENDIX
Product Support and Contact Information
Most problems can be solved by referring to the Troubleshooting section in the User’s Manual. If you cannot
resolve the problem with the Troubleshooting chapter, please contact the dealer where you purchased this
product.
MAC OS is a registered Trademark of Apple Inc.
Windows 7/8, Windows Vista, Windows XP are registered Trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
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