BASEBALL MANUAL: PITCHERS
BASEBALL
STRENGTH & CONDITIONING
MANUAL: PITCHERS
GENERAL STRENGTH TRAINING RULES
1. Follow the prescribed workout. Players should do only the workouts given by the
strength coach or trainer. They should not attempt weights they cannot handle or
exercises that have not been prescribed. Questions about the program should be
directly asked to the strength coach.
2. Maintain proper conduct at all times. Put all barbells and plates back where they
belong. If you get something out; put it back
3. Wear proper attire. The proper attire for strength training is athletic shoes with laces
tied, socks, shorts, and t-shirts.
4. No eating, drinking
5. Help and respect other players. Always help players by spotting. Do not
interfere, harass, or interrupt other players. Everyone should use proper language.
6. No lounging. Only players who are working out should be in the weight room
LIFTING GUIDELINES
1. WORK MAJOR EXERCISES
2. WORK EACH MUSCLE GROUP TWICE WEEKLY
3. INCLUDE SHOULDER, SCAPULAR, ROTATOR CUFF, AND CORE
The most important factor is that you never miss a workout. Be consistent.
Consistency in practice will mean consistency, and longevity, in performance. The
smarter we are in pacing ourselves and in appropriately setting our challenges, the more
durable athletes we will become. Smart workouts lead to good performances and long,
healthy seasons.
STRENGTH TRAINING GUIDELINES
1. Always complete your baseball skill work before you lift.
2. Warm-up & stretch prior to lifting.
3. Rest periods—one & a half to two minutes for major exercises like the squat or lunge,
shorter rest periods for minor exercises. If you start cutting into rest periods, then you will
not be able to train heavy enough to get the desired results.
4. Practice good mechanics. Do not sacrifice technique for too much weight.
5. No forced repetitions. Lift each rep on your own—use a spotter!
6. Squats and lunges never under 5 reps
7. Lift the weight smoothly with strict control.
8. Utilize full range of motion on every exercise.
9. Always keep your back straight & knees bent when lifting.
10. Do all of the prescribed sets and reps for each exercise before moving to the next
exercise.
11. No lat pulls behind the head or overhead exercises.
12. Do not try and lift through pain. Know the difference between muscle fatigue and actual
pain.
13. Complete all exercises unless you have been instructed to avoid
certain movements.
14. Post workout cool down, abdominals & trunk routine, dedicate 10-15 minutes to
flexibility.
SPEED WORK
Regardless of your position, speed, power, and agility are key physical components of a
baseball player. An athlete cannot reach his speed potential by simply running sprints. A
number of training elements must be fused together in order to achieve maximum running
potential. Just as a chain is limited in strength by its weakest link, sprinting is limited by
factors such as lack of muscular power, flexibility, or poor technique.
In setting up an in-season program, the drills chosen should be short and intense simulating
baseball actions. When working to improve speed, power, and agility, the muscles of the hips
and legs should be as fresh as possible. You cannot improve and maintain these components if
your legs are fatigued because the contraction of the muscles will be too slow. To keep your
legs as fresh as possible, you must give yourself plenty of rest between runs. Although you may
not be breathing hard after a run, your legs are still recovering. The energy in your muscles
must be replenished before you will be able to carry out each drill forcefully enough to improve
your speed, power, and agility.
10 YARD BURSTS
1. Will develop power and acceleration
2. Assume the base-stealing stance
3. Explode for 10 yards as fast as possible
4. Full recovery between runs.
LADDER SPRINTS
1. Will improve speed maintenance
2. Assume the base-stealing stance
3. Sprint 30,40,50,60 yards
4. Rest one minute between runs
20 YARD SPRINTS
1. Will develop acceleration and speed
2. Assume the base-stealing stance
3. Sprint 20 yards as fast as possible
4. Full recovery between runs.
SHUTTLE RUNS
1. Will improve speed endurance
2. Assume the base-stealing stance
3. Sprint 30 yds and run back (10-12 s)
4. Rest 30 seconds between runs (3-6)
CARDIO WORK
Cardio workouts in the offseason are critical to working out lactic acid from throwing/ lifting
along with providing a base level of fitness that will allow for high repetition drills without
sacrificing technique from exhaustion. Cardio work can be rotated through various workouts
including jogging, biking, swimming, pick- up basketball (until preseason starts) or any activity
that produces an extended time (45 min) in your target heart rate (approx. 140-170 bpm).
ORGANIZATIONAL ROUTINES:
Warm-Up
The drills in this section are to be performed each day before running. They are simple drills which
not only warm up your body for the activity, but they are also designed to help with active flexibility
of the hip and leg area as well as develop the muscle and technique necessary for speed
improvement. Warming up also increases the blood flow to the muscles, this protects you from
potential injury. Other warm up activities include jogging, cycling, or jumping rope.
Running Drills
* Do these warm up drills every day, first thing, before stretching or running.
High Knees: Develops the muscles needed for a fast stride & improves flexibility in the
hamstrings.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Drive knees high & forcefully for 10 yards.
When one leg is lifted, the others should be fully extended.
Bend forward at waist & keep back straight.
Drive arms vigorously.
Concentrate on moving legs up and down, with little
forward movement.
Take short quick steps.
Butt-Kickers: Develops active quadriceps flexibility.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Alternately swing heel of each foot to buttocks.
Movement is quick & smooth with motion. Produced mainly
at knee joint.
Concentrate on moving legs up and down. With little forward
movement for 10 yards.
Take short quick steps.
Walking Lunges: Develops hip, groin, and thigh flexibility.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Begin by stepping forward with right leg (exaggerate your
normal stride length).
When your right foot is planted, lower your left knee close to
the ground.
Use your right leg to pull your left leg off the ground so you
can step forward with left.
Repeat, alternating right & left for 10 yards.
Shuffle: Develops lateral movement and adductor/abductors.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Get into a good athletic stance with knees slightly flexed and
shoulders facing squarely forward.
Move laterally 20 yards to your left, without crossing the feet,
and without letting feet hit one another.
Face the same direction and return to the start line.
Remain in the power position, keep head up, and shoulders square.
Carioca Drill: Develops lateral movement and hip flexibility.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Get into a good athletic stance with knees slightly flexed and
shoulders facing squarely forward.
Move laterally 20 yards to your left, crossing the right foot over in
front of the left, and then bring the right behind.
Face the same direction and return to the start line.
Remain in the power position, twist hips around as fast as possible.
Backward Running: Develops hip flexor/hamstring flexibility.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Concentrate on pulling heel to buttocks.
Reach back extending foot with stride, and pull hips through.
Repeat, alternating right & left.
Distance is 30 yards.
Build Ups: Develops sprint mechanics.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Start off with standing start and go into a slow run.
Gradually build up speed until you are at full speed at 30
yards
Gradually slow down over next 30 feet.
Do not accelerate/decelerate too quickly.
Stretch Routine
Proper stretching is the key to both completing your warm up and developing greater flexibility. The more flexible a player
is, the less susceptible he is to injury and the better he is able to perform better in all components that make up a baseball
athlete. Since the stretching program is preceded each day by a warm up the muscles of the body are more responsive to the
stretching, which will improve your flexibility.
Below are some easy guidelines to assure you get the most from the stretching program:
1. All stretches should be performed without bouncing until an easy stretch is felt.
2. Do not over-stretch, there should be no pain.
3. Hold each stretch for 15 to 20 seconds.
Upper Body
Trunk Twist
Wood Chopper
Lean
Arm Circles
Arm Across
Arm Behind
Forearm
Standing Lower Body
Hamstring
Lat. Lunge
Groin
Lunge
Spiderman
Quad
Calf
Sitting Lower Body
Hamstring
Groin
Spinal Twist
Quad
Glute
Calf
Ground Based Core #1
Toe Touch
2 x 15
Reverse
Crunch 2 x 20
V-Twist
2 x 15ea.
Butterfly
Crunch 2 x 15
Oblique Crunch
2 x 15ea.
Scuba Diver
2 x 12ea.
Ground Based Core #2
Floor Slaps
2 x 15
Bicycle Crunch
2 x 10ea.
Cherry Pickers
2 x 10ea.
Single Leg Jack
Knife 2 x 10ea.
Windshield Wipers
2 x 10ea.
Superman
2 x 12
Ground Based Core #3
Crunch
2 x 15
Alternate Toe
Touch 2 x 10ea.
Reverse Fig.4 2 x 15ea.
Suitcase
Crunch 2 x 10
Deadfish
2 x 10ea.
Quadraped
2 x 10ea.
Ground Based Core #4
Straight Leg
Crunch 2 x 15
Lower Abs
2 x 20
Heel Swivel
2 x 10ea.
Legs Up Crunch
2 x 20
Floating Toe Touch
2 x 10ea.
Dead Bug
2 x 10ea.
Dynamic Warm-Up Routine #1
High Knee Pull
10yards
Ankle Pull
10 yards
Ankle Cradle
10 yards
Int./Ext. Hip Roatation
10 yards
Walking Lunge
w/twist 10 yards
Tin Soldier
10 yards
Dynamic Warm-Up Routine #2
High Knee Pull
10yards
Ankle Pull
10 yards
Knee Cradle
10 yards
Lateral Lunge
10 yards
Walking S.L.D.L.
10 yards
Tin Soldier
10 yards
Hip Series
Abduction
2 levels
10 each level
Flexion
10 reps
Small Circles
10 Clockwise
10 Counterclockwise
Adduction
10 reps
Medicine Ball Program
Linear Throw (2 x 10 each side)
Standing Overhead Pitch (2 x 10)
Purpose: To develop power in the muscles of the torso.
Purpose: To develop muscles in the torso and shoulders.
Technique: Face the wall about 3’ away, in a basic athletic stance
with the knees bent and hips back. Throw from the hips and feet
through the trunk and finish with your hands. Front twist throws are
performed one side at a time. Work on increasing ball speed, not
weight.
Technique: Face the wall about 6’ away, in a basic stretch stance
holding the ball with two hands. Proceed into an upright position
with knee raised and ball up at head level. Initiate throw from the
ground up, using the torso and shoulders to rotate and extend the
upper body forward and down in a throwing motion. Finish with
both arms extended and follow through.
Lateral Throw (2 x 10 each side)
Standing Overhead Throw (2 x 10)
Purpose: To develop power in the muscles of the torso.
Purpose: To strengthen the abdominals and rotator cuff muscles.
Technique: Laterally face the wall about 3’ away, in a basic
athletic stance with the knees bent and hips back. Throw from the
hips and feet through the trunk and finish with your hands.
Technique: Face the wall about 6’ away, with feet shoulder width
apart. Begin with the ball extended over your head, and then
proceed downward. The abs are the primary mover and should
generate the most force, while the arms are meant to assist and
finish off the motion.
Reverse Throw (2 x 10 each side)
Purpose: To develop power in the muscles of the torso.
Technique: Back to the wall about 3’ away in a basic athletic stance
with the knees bent and hips back. Throw from the hips and feet
through the trunk and finish with your hands.
A good set of throws should look like a good series of
shots or swings and should be fluid, with smooth switching from
eccentric to concentric action. Athletes should throw as if they want
to damage the wall and the ball. They should throw the ball so that
the rebound returns the ball to their hands. Athletes can move closer
to or farther from the wall, depending on their power output.
Forearm Routine
Forearm Pronation
Wrist Extension
Purpose: To strengthen and support the elbow
musculature.
Purpose: To strengthen and support the elbow
musculature.
Technique: With your elbow bent and
your forearm resting on your thigh, hold a
hammer weight with the palm up.
Rotate your wrist completely so the
palm is facing down. Repeat until
repetitions are completed.
Technique: Sit with your knees bent,
your forearm resting on your thigh, and
your wrist hanging over your knee.
With the back of your hand up, raise the
weight until your wrist is completely
extended. Slowly lower the weight to
the starting position.
Forearm Supination
Ulnar Deviation
Purpose: To strengthen and support
the elbow musculature.
Purpose: To strengthen and support the elbow
musculature.
Technique: With your elbow
bent and your forearm resting
on your thigh, hold a hammer
weight with your palm down.
Rotate your wrist completely
until your palm is facing up.
Repeat until repetitions are completed.
Technique: Stand with the hammer weight in your
hand and the weighted end towards the back, palm
facing your side. Let the weight hang to the ground.
Raise the weight towards the back of your elbow
until you cannot contract any more. Slowly lower
the weight to the starting position.
Wrist Flexion
Radial Deviation
Purpose: To strengthen and support the elbow
musculature.
Purpose: To strengthen and support the elbow
musculature.
Technique: Sit with your knees bent,
your forearm resting on your thigh, and
your wrist hanging over your knee.
With your palm facing up, raise the
weight until your wrist is completely
flexed. Slowly lower the weight to the
starting position.
Technique: Stand with the hammer weight in
your hand and the weighted end towards your
front, palm facing your side. Let the weight hang
to the ground. Raise the weight towards the front
of your elbow until you cannot contract any more.
Slowly lower the weight to the starting position.
Lifting Exercises
Squat
Description: Start with feet slightly more than shoulder width apart,
weight back, and a neutral spine. Slowly squat down slightly above
parallel keeping weight on heels.
DB Squat
Description: Take one dumbbell and position it under your chin
with your fingers facing your head. Start with feet slightly more
than shoulder width apart, weight back, and a neutral spine. Slowly
squat down slightly above parallel, keeping weight on heels, and
the head facing forward.
Lunge
Description: Lift knee parallel to ground. Stride out keeping head and chest up,
and front heel down. Lead knee should always be behind toes. Lower back
knee to just above the ground. DO NOT hit knee on ground. Quickly drive back
into starting position alternating legs.
Leg Press
Description: With feet wider than shoulder width, toes slightly pointed outward,
and knees slightly bent, lower weight threw full range of motion. Return to starting
position.
Step Ups
Description: Step up with front foot completely on box. Drive back
leg up parallel with floor. Return to starting position and alternate.
Lifting Exercises
Single Leg Dead Lift
Description: On one foot and one DB in your hand, slowly bend
at waist while keeping the back leg straight. Keep the same angle
in the front knee and the hips straight.
Dalls Squat
Description: With the back foot elevated, lunge forward,
keeping the lead knee behind the lead toe.
Leg Extensions
Description: Set pivot point of machine to knee joint. Set leg pad
on back of ankles. Contract hamstrings raising lever arm just
above the glute and slowly return to original position.
PB Leg Curl
Description: Place back of ankles on
PB. Bridge hips up followed by a leg
curl keeping thighs and torso in
alignment. Reverse.
Lifting Exercises
Physioball Adductions
Description: In seated position, hold PB between legs. Squeeze
ball with knees. Hold for one second and slowly release. Continue
until all reps are completed.
Incline Bench Press
Description: With dumbbells just above chest and
slightly outside shoulders; press weight straight up.
Slowly lower weight and repeat.
DB Bench Press
Description: With dumbbells just above chest and
slightly outside shoulders; press weight straight up.
Slowly lower weight and repeat.
Lat. Pulldown
Description: Keep back straight and slightly angled away.
Pull and squeeze shoulder blades together in back followed
by pulling bar towards chest just below chin.
Seated Row
Description: Pull and squeeze shoulder blades together in back.
Lifting Exercises
DB Row
Description: Establish 3-point stabilization with hand,
knee, and outer leg. Maintain a straight back and raise
dumbbell even with chest. Slowly lower weight back down.
Inverted Row
Description: With either overhand or underhand grip slightly wider than shoulder
width, hang from bar with body straight. Pull chest up to bar while keeping body in line.
Lat Pullover
Description: With elbows slightly bent and hands wider than shoulder
width on the lat bar, slowly push bar downward to your thighs,
keeping elbows in same position throughout lift. Slowly return to starting position.
Biceps Curl
Description: With DBs at your side, slowly lift DB with palms up
until even with shoulders, keeping back straight. Contract at top and slowly lower.
Triceps Pushdown
Description: With hands in front, slowly push bar until arms are extended, keeping
elbows close to your side. Slowly return to starting position.
Lifting Exercises
Shrugs
Description: Slightly pull shoulder blades back, followed by pulling shoulders up and return to starting position.
DAILY NUTRITION CHECKLIST
Eat breakfast within one hour of waking up everyday
- To supply energy for competitive practices and intense workouts.
- Choose mostly carbohydrates such as fruits, juices, bagels and cereals.
Eat small frequent meals early and often
- To jump start your metabolism and burn calories faster.
- Eat five to six meals per day every three to four hours.
Drink water throughout the day
- To prevent fatigue and promote peak performance of your muscles.
- Drink water with every meal, when you wake up and before bed.
Eat protein with every meal
- To support muscle tissue recovery, growth and development.
- Choose lean sources such as chicken breast, turkey, skim milk, low-fat yogurt and egg whites.
Substitute refined sugars with fruits and vegetables
- To replace unnecessary calories with essential vitamins and minerals that aid your metabolism.
- A pineapple instead of potato chips, carrots instead of cookies, and broccoli instead of breads.
Avoid “empty calories”
- To reduce overall caloric intake by limiting foods with simple sugars and high fat content.
- Limit obvious poor choices such as fried foods, sweets, dressings, soft drinks and alcohol.
Make post-workout/practice nutrition a priority
- To restore electrolytes, rehydrate, refuel and rebuild muscles for future competition.
- Drink Gatorade to replace lost sodium, potassium and chloride. Drink water for rehydration.
- Eat a meal within 30 minutes after training that includes carbohydrates for muscle glycogen storage
and protein to rebuild muscles.
Make post-game meals filling but healthy
- Target vegetables as primary food choices.
- To prevent unwanted fat storage during your sleep and slowed metabolism the next
day.
- Avoid eating foods rich in fats (saturated and transfats).
WORKOUTS
OFFSEASON PHASE 1 (Oct- Nov)
Day 7
Day 1
Warm Up
Day 2
Warm Up
Day 3
Warm Up
Day 4
Warm Up
Day 5
Warm Up
Day 6
Warm Up
Rest
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Dynamic
Warm Up #1
Dynamic
Warm Up #2
Dynamic
Warm Up #1
Dynamic
Warm Up #2
Dynamic
Warm Up #1
Dynamic
Warm Up #1
DB Bench 5x5 @85%
Jobes (3-5lb weight) Squats 5x5 @ 55%
DB Bench 5x5 @
50%
20 yd Sprints
Leg Press 5x5 @
DB Row 5x5 @
55%
Squats 5x5 @85%
Jobes (3-5lb weight)
Leg Press 5x5 @ 85% Face pulls
DB Row 5x5 @ 85%
(5 sets)
55%
Lunge 3x5 @ 85%
Incline DB Bench 3x5
Ladder Sprints
Step-Ups 3x10 @
@ 85%
(1x3 yds; 1x40yds;
75%
Band Pull Aparts
Super Series
Inverted Row 3x10
1x50yds; 1x60yds)
Single Leg Deadlift
3x5
@85%
Dallas Squat 2x8 @
Seated Row 3x5
30 Minute
Flow Yoga Routine @85%
75%
Leg Extension 2x8
Med Ball Program
@75%
Forearm Routine
(1x20 of each)
Forearm Routine
(1x20 of each)
Core Base Exercise #1
DB Squat 3x10 @
Lat Pull Over 3x10
@
(6 sets)
75%
75%
PB Leg Curl 2x15-
Biceps Curl 2x15 %
20
65%
PB Adductions
Triceps Pushdown
2x15
2x15-20
@ 65%
Hip Series
Shrug 4x15 % 65%
Core Base Exercise
Forearm Routine
#3
(1x20 of each)
Lat Pulldown 2x8 @
75%
Hip Series
Shuttle Runs
Core Base Exercise #2
20 Minute
Flow Yoga Routine
Core Base Exercise
#4
WORKOUTS
OFFSEASON PHASE 2 (Dec)
Day 1
Day 2
Warm Up
Warm Up
Stretch Routine
Dynamic Warm Up
#1
Day 3
Day 4
Warm Up
Warm Up
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Dynamic Warm Up #2
Dynamic Warm Up
#1
Day 5
Day 6 Day 7
Warm Up
Warm Up
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Dynamic Warm Up #2
Dynamic Warm Up
#1
Dynamic Warm
Up #2
Squats 5x5 @85%
Jobes (3-5lb weight) DB Bench 5x5 @85%
Long Toss Routine
10 yd Bursts
Squats 5x5 @ 55%
Jobes (3-5lb
weight)
Bench Press 5x5 @
55%
Long Toss
(10 sets)
Leg Press 5x5 @
45 Min Pool Workout DB Row 5x5 @ 85%
85%
20 yd Sprints
(5 sets)
Lunge 3x5 @ 85%
Band Pull Aparts
Super Series
Inverted Row 3x10
45 Min Cardio
Work
Ladder Sprints
(1x3 yds; 1x40yds;
1x50yds; 1x60yrds)
Seated Row 3x5
Single Leg Deadlift
3x5
@85%
@85%
Shuttle Runs
DB Squat 3x10 @ 75%
Long Toss
(6 sets)
Lat Pulldown 2x8 @
Dallas Squat 2x8 @
75%
Jobes (3-5lb weight)
PB Leg Curl 2x15-20 30-45 Minute
Cardio Work
75%
TABATA
Med Ball Program
30 Minute
Flow Yoga Routine
Leg Extension 2x8
@75%
Biceps Curl 2x15 %
65%
Core Base Exercise
#2
Hip Series
Core Base Exercise
#1
Triceps Pushdown
2x15
@ 65%
Core Base Exercise
#3
or #4
Rest
WORKOUTS
OFFSEASON PHASE 3 (Dec 26th- JAN 26th)
USE IN CONJUNCTION WITH 7 DAY THROWING CYCLE AND LONG TOSS PROGRAM
Day 7
Day 1
Day 2
Day 3
Day 4
Day 5
Day 6
Warm Up
Warm Up
Warm Up
Warm Up
Warm Up
Warm Up
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Stretch Routine
Dynamic Warm Up #1
Dynamic Warm Up #2
Stretch Routine
Dynamic Warm Up
#1
Dynamic Warm Up #2
Dynamic Warm Up #1
Dynamic Warm
Up #2
Squats 5x5 @85%
Yoga Workout
45 Minute Pool or
DB Bench 5x5 @85% Cardio Workout
Lunge 3x5 @ 85%
Cardio
(30-45 mins)
Leg Press 5x5 @ 85%
DB Row 5x5 @ 85%
Single Leg Deadlift 3x5
Seated Row 3x5
@85%
@85%
Leg Extension 2x8
Lat Pulldown 2x8 @
@75%
75%
Hip Series
Med Ball Program
Dallas Squat 2x8 @
75%
Inverted Row 3x10
DB Squat 3x10 @ 75%
PB Leg Curl 2x15-20
Core Base Exercise #2
Core Base Exercise #1
Core Base Exercise #3
or #4
Rest
Long Toss Program
The aim of our long-toss program is to increase arm strength, condition arm for preseason, and find
consistency in mechanics. With that in mind, any player who desires to achieve increased arm
strength can utilize the following routine that has been prescribed for pitchers.
GOALS:
1.
Increase arm/hand speed.
2.
Increase arm strength/muscular endurance.
3.
Improve balance/rhythm.
4.
Improve feel for pitching grips.
5.
Accentuate mechanical flaws.
6.
Develop visual results on change-up for pitchers.
Implementation:
1.
Before the long toss program begins, all pre-practice warm-ups should be completed. When
temperature is below 50 degrees ensure that you have a sweat BEFORE you start to throw.
2.
I would highly encourage long tossing outside as long as temperature is over 30 degrees.
3.
This is a continuous program designed to reach maximum distance by maintaining a constant
“throwing arc.” This should never exceed 3 times your height.
4.
Once the max distance is reached, players will compress approx. 6-8 ft per throw. During this
period it is critical to remain at 95% effort and gradually work release point out in front.
Think 15-18 ft arc going out, flat line coming in.
5.
The overall process should take 10-15 minutes, focus on replicating movement and mechanics
versus speed.
Mechanics:
1.
Use normal arm slot/angle.
2.
Four seam grip.
3.
Release the ball out in front - flex the knee - bend the back.
4.
Always follow through - don’t recoil.
5.
Step behind when you throw, don’t crow hop. This helps promote sound mechanics by
keeping the front side closed.
6.
Don’t substitute distance by changing your arm angle.
Change-up: (Pitchers only)
1.
2.
Improves confidence of grip/feel.
Can see the desired movement.
3.
4.
The most common problem with the change-up is that it is not thrown with fastball arm speed.
By throwing change-ups at 120-150 ft, this helps develop a feel for creating the proper arm
action.
Pitchers should use their change up grip when long tossing every 3rd or 4th throw.
* The following routine is implemented during phase 2 and 3 of pitcher’s off season workout.
Week 1
Week 2
# Throws
Distance
Effort
# Throws
Distance
Effort
10-15
30 ft
50%
5-10
30-45 ft
50%
15-20
45 ft
60%
5-10
45-60 ft
60%
20-25
60 ft
80%
10-15
75 ft
70%
20-25
90 ft
80%
compress
90ft to 60ft
80%
Week 3
Weeks 4/5
# Throws
Distance
Effort
# Throws
Distance
Effort
5-10
30-45 ft
50%
5-10
30-45 ft
50%
5-10
45-60 ft
60%
5-10
45-60 ft
60%
10-15
75 ft
70%
10-15
75 ft
70%
10-15
90 ft
80%
10-15
90 ft
80%
15-20
120 ft
95%
10-15
120 ft
95%
compress
120ft to 60ft
95%
15-20
150 ft
95%
compress
150ft to 60ft
95%
Jobe Exercises, 3-5lb dumbbell
This light dumbbell routine is intended to strengthen the shoulder and increase flexibility. We are not
looking to add mass or overdevelop the shoulder, the intention is to increase flexibility/ range of
motion and strengthen the rotator cuff. Players should start with 3 lb dumbbells for the first 2 weeks
of the program, performing slow, 3 count reps with little to no rest between sets. Once comfortable
players can progress to 5lb weights- do not exceed 5lbs.
Standing:
1.
Forward Raise. Stand with arms at the sides. Keeping your arms straight, slowly raise your
hands (dumbbells) to shoulder height, pause and return. 2 sets of 10 each- one thumb up, one palm
down.
2.
Lateral Raise. Stand with your arms at the sides. Keeping your arms straight, slowly raise your
hands (dumbbells) to shoulder height, pause and return. 2 sets of 10 each- one thumb up, one palm
down.
3.
Supraspinatus Fly (Empty Can). Stand with both arms down by your sides and hands rotated
inward as far as possible with thumbs pointing down. Keep your arms straight, slowly raise your
hands (dumbbells) forward and out to the sides, as if pouring water out of a can, pause and return. 1
set of 20.
Lying on Floor:
4.
Internal Rotation. Lie on your back with arm down by your side. Bend elbow to 90 degrees
and hold against your side. Keeping your elbow against your side, slowly lower (external rotation)
dumbbell away from your side as far as you can. Pause and bring it back across the chest. 1 set of 20
5.
External Rotation. Lie on one side with your knees bent. Bend elbow to 90 degrees and let
your forearm and hand rest across your stomach. Keeping your elbow against your side, slowly raise
(external rotation) the dumbbell until it is straight up in the air. Pause and return. 1 set of 20.
Lying on Bench:
6.
High Elbow and External Rotation. Lie face down on bench/plyo box with chest hanging off
the end so that arms hang freely towards floor. Bring elbows up to the level of the back by pinching
shoulder blades together with elbows bent at a 90 degree angle. In that position, externally rotate
shoulders (as if cocking to throw) as far as possible, keeping elbows high and in right angle position,
pause. Return to previous high elbow position by internally rotating (reverse direction) and lower
arms to the original starting position. 4 step exercise: squeeze scapula, raise arms, un-raise, and relax
scapula. 1 set of 20.
7.
Horizontal Abduction w/ Full External Rotation. Lie on table, face down, arm hanging
straight to the floor. Raise arm out to the side slightly in front of shoulder, parallel to the floor with
thumb rotated up (hitchhiker position), hold 2 seconds and lower slowly. 1 set of 20.
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Band Pull Aparts Super Series
10 X band pull-aparts, arms straight, hands pronated
(palm down, chest level)
10 X band pull-aparts, arms straight, hands supinated
(palm up, chest level)
10 X band pull-aparts, elbows bent at 90 degrees, hands
pronated (palm down, drive elbows into side)
10 X band pull-aparts, elbows bent at 90 degrees, hands
supinated (palm down, drive elbows into side)
10 X band pull-aparts, bent over, elbows bent at 90
degrees, hands pronated at face level (palm down, neck
level)
10 X band pull-aparts, bent over, elbows bent at 90
degrees, hands supinated at face level (palm up, neck
level)
10 X overhead band pull-aparts (hands outside of
shoulders above the head, start in a V end in a W)
7 Day Pitchers Preseason Throwing Cycle
For the month of January pitchers will transition from building strength/ endurance to honing
technique and building muscle memory from 60 ft. This transition will prepare you for the upcoming
preseason, ensuring a healthy 6 weeks of practice before opening day.
GOALS:
1.
Increase arm strength/muscular endurance.
2.
Improve balance/rhythm/direction.
3.
Begin throwing focused bullpens.
4.
Improve concentration/confidence in one’s ability.
5.
Improve consistency in mechanics/ results.
Implementation:
6.
Before throwing program begins, all pre-practice warm-ups should be completed. When
temperature is below 50 degrees ensure that you have a sweat BEFORE you start to throw.
7.
I would highly encourage throwing inside during the month of Jan. If the temperature is
under 30 degrees DO NOT THROW OUTSIDE.
8.
This is a 7 day, 4 week program that will transition from building strength, to throwing with a
purpose.
9.
Continue to use proper long toss protocol.
10.
Box work should be done at 70% from flat ground or mound w/ a squatting catcher. The
focus is on getting proper tilt to work down in zone and hit spots.
11.
The overall process should take 15-20 minutes, focus on replicating movement and mechanics
versus speed.
Day 1: Light Toss
Jobes or band, Throwing progressions, Light toss (60-90 ft). Loosen arm, ensure full range of
motion. Go through pick off series
Day 2: Long Toss
Jobes or band, Throwing progressions, Long Toss (120 ft)
# Throws
5-10
5-10
10-15
10-15
15-20
compress
Distance
30-45 ft
45-60 ft
75 ft
90 ft
120 ft
120ft to 60ft
Effort
50%
60%
70%
80%
95%
95%
Day 3: Box Work
Jobes or band, Throwing progressions, Light toss (60ft), Flat ground box work (45 ft, 70% effort).
Throw change up during box work.
Day 4: OFF
Day 5: Long Toss
Jobes or band, Long Toss (120ft) same as Day 2
Day 6: Pen
Jobes or band, Throwing progressions, Pen
Weeks 1 & 2 (Flat ground)
-30 pitch FB/CH only
-All box pitches: work on knee high/ split the plate
-All from windup
Weeks 3 & 4 (Mound)
-40 pitch FB/CH/ CB
-25 box/ 15 tilt: working both sides of the plate- remain down in the zone
-20 from windup/ 20 from stretch
Day 7: OFF
Pool/ Yoga Routines
Pool Training Routines:
Players have the option of rotating pool workouts in for cardio or adding it to a day’s lifting routine.
Keep the workouts approx. 45 minutes in duration with a 10 min warm-up/ stretch, 25 minutes of
interval/ swimming work and 10 minutes of cool down. Be creative, you can perform almost any
plyometric routine, form run or explosive movements in the pool for a workout. Swimming strokes
are fine in moderation; avoid more than 1 or 2 laps of freestyle as this stroke has higher stress on
shoulders.
Stretch (10 Min)
Form Running Warm-up (5 min)
• High knees 2×25 m
• Butt kicks 2×25 m
• High knee carioca 2x25 m
• Lateral hops 2x25 m
• Back pedal 2×25 m
Treading Routine (15 minutes w/ 30 sec break between sets)
1) Standard water treads – 1 x 90 sec.
2) Water treads legs only – 1 x 90 sec.
3) Water treads arms only – 1 x 90 sec.
4) Water treads right arm holding left foot – 1 x 60 sec.
5) Water treads left arm holding right foot – 1 x 60 sec.
Primary Exercises (Pick 5-6)
All exercises are to be performed in chest-deep water with a one-minute rest period between sets and
exercises.
• Run in place – 3×30 seconds all-out runs.
• Supported lateral leg swings – 3×10 lateral swings (abduction/adduction) with each leg while
holding on to the side of the pool with both hands.
• Supported forward / backward leg swings – 3×10 (flexion/extension) with each leg while holding on
to the side of the pool with one hand.
• Tuck jumps – 3×15 bending knees upon landing after each jump.
• Trunk rotations – 5×30 seconds trunk twists (left/right) with both arms extended in front of the chest
and palms together. Start slow and gradually increase speed.
• Pistol Squat Jumps- 2 x 10 (each leg)
• Kick board – 2x 25 m.
• Free style swim – 2x 25 m
• Breast stroke swim – 2x 25 m
Cool Down (6 sets)
1) Cell phone back and forth (3 sets)
Do the side stroke while holding a fun noodle in one hand. Try to hold the noodle out of the water as
high as possible. Chang arms after 1 lap.
2) Sea horse (1 minute)
Tread water using just your hands while extending your legs straight in front of you. Put fun noodle
between your knees and try to propel yourself to the other side of the pool using just your arms.
Yoga:
15- 20 minutes of ‘Flow’ or ‘Vinyasa’ yoga a few days a week will have tremendous benefits on
flexibility, core strength and balance. The internet has many videos that will provide a full body
workout ranging in time and technical movements. The following links contain good intro level
instruction, as you feel more comfortable feel free to advance to different routines.
Links:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rRSEUBCJ7Ag
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HmZFwoUU3WQ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NYhBFAr8mzo (Yoga 101 app on ITunes)
IN-SEASON
1. Any player who has been assigned to a rehab program must have an established time for his
individual work and treatment. This should be coordinated with the athletic training staff and is
of higher priority than lifting program.
Starting Pitchers:
Day
1. Should perform 20-30min ride on bike and shoulder routine on game days.
2. Should perform Primary lift (High/Moderate Volume) the day after start. Conditioning is
30-45min run.
3. Side day: Conditioning is interval pole routine. Perform iron scap shoulder routine.
4. Should perform Secondary lift (Moderate/Low Volume) the day after pen. Conditioning
is long sprints.
5. Conditioning is short sprints.
Day 1 (Start)
Day 2
Day 3 (Side)
Day 4
Day 5
Bike: 20-30min
Shoulder Routine
Conditioning
Run: 30-45min
Primary Lift
Interval Poles
Misc. Routines
Shoulder Routine
Long Sprints
40-60yrd
Secondary Lift
Short Sprints
20-30yrd
Agility Work
Relief Pitchers:
1. Should perform strength training program two days a week. At least two days between
lifts and no more than three between workouts.
2. Should lift on “down days” if the above parameters are met.
3. Shoulder Routine should be performed at least twice a week and preferably on throw
days.
4. Core work should be performed 3 to 5 days a week.
Monday
Interval
Poles
Tuesday
Speed
Endurance
Primary Lift
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Speed
Endurance
Interval
Poles
Speed
Agility
Pole
Routes
Secondary Lift
Sunday
Recovery Day
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