Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion PKS Using

Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion PKS Using
An Open, Standard-Based Wireless Network:
Connecting WirelessHART® Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS
Using Honeywell’s OneWireless™ Network
Soroush Amidi,
Manager Product Marketing, Honeywell Process Solutions
Amol Gandhi
Senior Product Analyst, Honeywell Process Solutions
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
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Table of Contents
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3
Why Use a Wireless Local Area Network to Send Process Data?............................................................................................... 3
ISA100.11a Network Overview .................................................................................................................................................... 4
Connecting WirelessHART Gateway to a OneWireless Network................................................................................................. 6
ISA100.11a Network Data Flow ................................................................................................................................................... 6
WirelessHART Network Data Flow .............................................................................................................................................. 7
Option 1: Connecting WirelessHART Data to Experion via Modbus ............................................................................................ 8
Option 2: Connecting WirelessHART Data to Experion via OPC ............................................................................................... 10
Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................................................. 13
References ................................................................................................................................................................................ 14
Table of Figures
Figure 1: ISA100.11a sensor network directly connected to Experion ......................................................................................... 5
Figure 2: WirelessHART sensor network directly connected to Experion. ................................................................................... 6
Figure 3: OneWireless Network connecting ISA100.11a and WirelessHART devices to Experion.............................................. 7
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
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Introduction
Honeywell’s OneWireless™ Network is a high-speed, high-throughput and multi-standard industrial network that offers
wireless coverage, as needed by industrial applications, from a simple wireless field instrument network to a complete,
integrated, plant wide multi-application wireless network.
As one of the most secure and cost-effective industrial networks available today, the OneWireless Network is designed to offer
the openness processing and manufacting plants expect from modern industrial networks. This feature is made possible
thanks to the self-discovering and self-meshing industrial OneWireless Network’s access point: Honeywell’s Multinodes and
Cisco’s 1552S Aironet Access Points. These access points host multiple radios types: IEEE 802.11 a/b/g/n radios, which can
be used to provide access to Wi-Fi devices and to establish connections with other access points, and 802.15.4 radios
providing access to ISA100.11a devices. The access points also offer Ethernet uplink connectivity that allows users to connect
any IP-based device to the network.
In this paper, the Ethernet uplink will be used as the interface to connect an IEC 62591 network, referred to as a
WirelessHART® network throughout the document, to the access point and use the OneWireless Network as a high-speed
backhaul to send process data to the control system. This use case demonstrates the flexibility of Honeywell’s OneWireless
Network and Experion architecture and explains how to design a network that supports the variety of wireless standards used
in today’s industrial and manufacturing facilities (i.e., Wi-Fi for mobile devices, ISA100.11a and WirelessHART for wireless
field instruments).
Why Use a Wireless Local Area Network to Send Process Data?
Both ISA100.11a and WirelessHART standards enable wireless field instruments to send data reliably and securely using
radio waves. The standards have been developed to allow wireless field instruments to be powered by batteries or other lowpower options, to self-discover neighboring devices, and form a mesh network and act as routers (i.e., sending their own data
and routing data received from neighboring devices).
However, it is important for automation experts to be aware of the limitation of a wireless sensor network. A pure sensor mesh
network with only battery-powered devices cannot be scaled up to tens of devices without having a negative impact on data
latency and battery life. In fact, most vendors recommend limiting the number of hops between the wireless field instrument
and the gateway, or breaking the sensor network into smaller clusters.
Why? There are two main reasons.
First of all, the throughput available in a wireless sensor network, regardless of the standard, is limited to 250 kbps. Though
the wireless field instruments are designed to send the minimal amount of data required, most users expect their wireless field
instrument to behave like their 4-20 mA or bus-based smart devices. They also want to get additional data from their wireless
devices such as health diagnostics. In fact, for wireless devices, the user will need to get not only device diagnostics but also
wireless transmission diagnostics. These expectations mean users will quickly run into the 250 kbps limitation.
Secondly, there are only so many time slots available on the 2.4 GHz spectrum channels used by these devices. The field
instruments follow a very rigorous time synchronization, which is orchestrated by the sensor network’s system manager. The
fairly complex time synchronization is designed to obtain optimized latency and maximum battery life. However, as more
devices join the network, more data needs to be routed and more devices have to wake up to route data, the balancing act
becomes very difficult and the user will have to choose between latency or battery life. In general, if the network is not broken
into smaller clusters, the user will end up with a system that has a poor latency, or devices that have poor battery life, or both.
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
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The solution to the communication bandwidth and battery constraints limitations is to use a line-powered, high data rate and
low latency network to route data to the process control network. Such a topology reduces the need of battery-powered
repeaters. The wireless field instruments act simply as transceivers of data, which results in improved battery life. The high
data rate network also allows plants to install hundreds of field devices without any impact on network performance.
The ISA100.11a Standard defines a device called a backbone router, which allows the use of a backbone to send data from
the wireless field instrument to the sensor network gateway typically installed in the control room. A backbone could be an
industrial Ethernet, IEEE 802.11 or any other network (preferably a high data rate network). The WirelessHART standard does
not include the concept of a backbone router. However, a WirelessHART network can also leverage a network infrastructure to
send the process data to the control system. Although in this case, the WirelessHART gateway has to be connected to the
high data rate network (i.e., the gateway is physically located in the field).
In brief, a high data rate network is the only option available to users planning to install tens to hundreds of wireless field
instruments in the plant without having to worry about latency and network performance. And the most popular high data rate
network being implemented in today’s plants is the IEEE 802.11-based wireless local area network (WLAN). IEEE 802.11based WLANs with meshing access points are attractive as the access points are able to wirelessly route data received from
Wi-Fi devices and wireless field instruments. There is no need to pull industrial Ethernet or fiber optic cables into the process
unit.
ISA100.11a Network Overview
A typical ISA100.11a network consists of:
•
ISA100.11a field instruments, which can also act as routers.
•
ISA100.11a backbone routers (BBRs), which are able to route data between ISA100.11a field instruments and the
ISA100.11a gateway directly via a high-speed backbone or other existing plant communications network such as an
industrial Ethernet or IEEE 802.11 wireless network fiber optics. A backbone router can have its own enclosure such
as Honeywell’s field device access point, or be integrated in a WLAN access point such as Honeywell’s Multinode or
Cisco 1552S Access Point.
•
An ISA100.11a system manager, which is responsible for configuring the network, scheduling communications
between devices, managing message routes, and monitoring network health. The system manager can be integrated
into the gateway, host application, or process automation controller. The ISA100.11a Standard includes the concept
of subnets, which allows a single ISA100.11a system manager to manage multiple ISA100.11a subnets.
•
ISA100.11a gateways, which enable communication between these devices and host applications, connected to a
high-speed backbone or other existing plant communications network. The gateway may employ a variety of field
protocol interfaces (e.g. Modbus, OPC, HART) required to send wireless field instrument process data in the format
best suited to the host applications.
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
Figure 1: ISA100.11a sensor network directly connected to Experion
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1
A typical WirelessHART network consists of:
•
WirelessHART field instruments, which can also act as routers.
•
A WirelessHART gateway, which enables communication between devices and host applications connected to a
high-speed backbone or other existing plant communications network. The gateway hosts the various field protocol
interfaces (e.g., Modbus, OPC, HART) required to send process data from the wireless field instrument to the host
applications.
•
A WirelessHART network manager, which is responsible for configuring the network, scheduling communications
between devices, managing message routes, and monitoring network health. The network manager can be
integrated into the gateway, host application, or process automation controller.
WirelessHART does not support subnets. So, WirelessHART users planning to install hundreds of devices in their
plants will have to create clusters of WirelessHART networks with each network managed by a dedicated network
manager.
The WirelessHART gateways host an Ethernet port used to connect the gateway to a network device such as a
switch or wireless local area network access point. Figure 2 illustrates a typical WirelessHART network connected to
an Experion PKS network.
1
Please refer to ISA99 Purdue model for L1, L2, L3, L3.5 definition
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
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Figure 2: WirelessHART sensor network directly connected to Experion.
Connecting WirelessHART Gateway to a OneWireless Network
The connection of a WirelessHART gateway to a OneWireless Access Point involves these two simple steps:
•
Plug one end of an Ethernet cable into the WirelessHART gateway.
•
Plug the other end of the Ethernet cable into one of the OneWireless Network’s access point Ethernet ports and
assign an IP address to the WirelessHART gateway. This will be used when configuring the host application to
establish communication with the WirelessHART gateway either via Modbus TCP or OPC.
Figure 3 illustrates a OneWireless Network with Cisco 1552S Aironet Access Points that supports ISA100.11a and
WirelessHART sensor networks.
ISA100.11a Network Data Flow
An ISA100.11a data flow is represented by the red arrows in Figure 3.
The ISA100.11a field instruments communicate directly with the Cisco 1552S Access Points thanks to the ISA100.11a radios
integrated into each access point. ISA100.11a field instrument devices can also be configured as routing devices. Routing field
instruments send their own process data as well as data received by neighboring field instruments.
Once the process data reaches an access point, it is then routed through the high-speed wireless network to the wireless
device manager (Honeywell ISA100.11a gateway). The wireless device manager, which is typically located in the cabinet in a
control room, exposes the process data via different field protocol interfaces such as Modbus, OPC, HART and GCI.
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
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The Modbus and OPC interfaces are used for integration with Experion. The HART interface is used to monitor the
ISA100.11a instruments’ health using their preferred field instrument health monitoring systems such as Honeywell’s Field
Device Manager (identified as HART client). The HART interface is also used to extract diagnostic information from wired
HART devices equipped with the OneWireless Adapter. Finally, the GCI interface is a generic interface that can be used to
monitor other types of data types such as vibration spectrums to associated host applications.
The wireless device manager has an embedded firewall that ensures only process data is communicated to the control
system.
WirelessHART Network Data Flow
WirelessHART data flow is represented by the blue arrows in Figure 3. As shown, WirelessHART field instruments
communicate to WirelessHART gateways. The WirelessHART gateways are located in the field and will be connected to the
Cisco 1552S Access Points via an Ethernet conduit. The data is then routed to Experion over the OneWireless Network via
Modbus TCP or OPC. Figure 3 illustrates a Modbus TCP connection. A Modbus firewall is recommended between the
WirelessHART gateway and Experion to protect the process control network from malicious attacks. Users can monitor the
diagnostics of their WirelessHART field instruments using their preferred field instrument health monitoring system (identified
as HART Client in the figure).
Figure 3: OneWireless Network connecting ISA100.11a and WirelessHART devices to Experion.
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
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Option 1: Connecting WirelessHART Data to Experion via Modbus
The WirelessHART gateway exposes WirelessHART data via Modbus TCP and OPC. The user configures the Modbus
channel, controller and SCADA points in Experion that will link to the WirelessHART transmitters’ PV, SV, TV and QV. These
SCADA points can then be referred to in the Experion custom displays. Please refer to the WirelessHART gateway user’s
manual for configuration of the Modbus server inside the WirelessHART gateway. Emerson’s WirelessHART gateway will be
used for the step-by-step procedure explained below.
This step-by-step procedure connects Emerson’s 1420 WirelessHART gateway to Experion.
Step 1: Configure Modbus server inside the
WirelessHART gateway
•
Login to WirelessHART gateway using
gateway IP address from web browser
•
Configure the WirelessHART gateway
Modbus interface by going to the
Modbus>>Communications Section in the
WirelessHART gateway login view:
o
Baud rate: 9600
o
Parity: Even
o
Stop bits: 1
o
Floating point representation: Float
o
Use swapped floating point format:
No
o
Value reported for error (floating
point): NaN
o
Rest of the parameters can be set
as per integration requirement
Step 2: Modbus server address mapping inside
the WirelessHART gateway
•
Go to the Modbus>>Mapping Section in the
WirelessHART Gateway Login view
•
Set the Modbus server address mapping to
the following:
o
Register: 40001 (for reading
PV/SV/TV/QV)
o
Point name: Tagname.PV
(TD101.PV)
o
Browse the point and parameter
details and submit the configuration
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
Step 3: Configuration of Modbus channel in
Experion
•
In Experion Quick Builder, create a new
channel
•
Download the new channel into the system
Step 4: Configuration of Modbus controller in
Experion
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Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
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From the Experion Station, verify the channel and
controller are enabled and status is OK
Step 5: Configuration of Modbus point in
Experion
•
Ensure the correct Modbus data format
Step 6: Monitoring of point details in Experion
Station
Option 2: Connecting WirelessHART Data to Experion via OPC
The WirelessHART gateway exposes WirelessHART data via standard OPC interface. A user would configure the OPC
channel, controller and SCADA points in Experion with references to the WirelessHART transmitters’ PV, SV, TV and QV.
The SCADA points can then be used in Experion custom displays.
Please refer the WirelessHART gateway manufacturer’s documentation for the configuration of OPC server/proxy and other
settings to allow accessing data via OPC. The following steps illustrate how you can send data from Emerson’s WirelessHART
gateway to Experion.
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
Step1: Configuration of OPC in WirelessHART
gateway
•
Login to WirelessHART gateway using a
web browser and the gateway’s IP address
•
Go to the OPC>>Browse Tree Section in the
WirelessHART gateway login view
•
Browse the point and parameter details, and
save the configuration using submit button
Step 2: Install WirelessHART gateway OPC proxy
on the Experion server machine
Step 3: Configuration of OPC Proxy
•
Open the Security setup installed on the
Experion server as mentioned in Step 2 and
provide the WirelessHART gateway details
for OPC proxy communication such as host
name and IP address of the WirelessHART
gateway
•
Check for the “good” status once the details
are saved
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Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
Step 4: Configuration of OPC channel in Experion
•
In Experion Quick Builder, create a new
channel
•
User will have to provide the Experion server
IP address on which the WirelessHART
gateway OPC proxy has been installed
•
Enter the prog id as
“EmersonProcess.GatewayOpcServerDA.3”
•
Download the new channel into the system
Step 5: Configuration of OPC controller in
Experion
•
In Experion Quick Builder, create a new
controller
•
Download the new controller into the system
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Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
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Step 6: Configuration of OPC point in Experion
•
In Experion Quick Builder, create a new
point
•
The PV source address is the controller that
refers to the channel associated with the
WirelessHART gateway OPC proxy
•
Download the new point into the system
Step 7: Configuration/monitoring of OPC point in
Experion
•
In Experion Station, call the OPC point to
see all the values read from the
WirelessHART gateway OPC server
Conclusion
Honeywell is a strong supporter of the ISA100.11a Standard, since its unique features provide unparalleled benefits to endusers (e.g., tunneling, dual-casting, etc.). That is why Honeywell and a growing number of automation providers continue to
invest heavily in the development of ISA100.11a-compatible devices. However, as the industrial wireless solution and
infrastructure leader, it is important for Honeywell to support all industrial standards including WirelessHART. This paper has
explained how a single plant-wide network, the OneWireless Network, can be used to support both the WirelessHART and
ISA100.11a wireless field instrument standards for the industrial manufacturing market.
Connecting WirelessHART Sensor Networks to Experion™ PKS using OneWireless Network
References
•
Soroush Amidi, “Wireless Standards in Action,” InTech, November/December 2010
•
Soroush Amidi, “Sensor Networks: Wireless Mesh or Wireless Backbone?” Industrial Ethernet Book, Issue 67 / 47
•
Ira Sharp, “Why WirelessHART?” ControlEng.com, 02/28/2011
Experion™ is a trademark of Honeywell International Inc.
OneWireless™ is a trademark of Honeywell International Inc.
HART® is a registered trademark of the HART Communication Foundation.
More Information
To learn more about Honeywell’s wireless
solutions, visit www.thewirelessplant.com or
contact [email protected]
Automation & Control Solutions
Process Solutions
Honeywell
1250 West Sam Houston Parkway South
Houston, TX 77042
Honeywell House, Arlington Business Park
Bracknell, Berkshire, RG12 1EB
Shanghai City Centre, 100 Junyi Road
Shanghai, China 20051
www.honeywellprocess.com
WP-12-02-ENG
February 2012
Printed in USA
© 2012 Honeywell International Inc.
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