for Surround - Studio Technologies

for Surround - Studio Technologies
for Surround
Model 68 Central Controller and
Model 69 Control Console
User Guide
Issue 1, January 1999
This User Guide is applicable for serial numbers:
Model 68 M68-00151 to 00260
Model 69 M69-00151 and later,
with software version 1.04 and higher
© 1999 by Studio Technologies, Inc., all rights reserved
5520 West Touhy Avenue
Skokie, Illinois 60077 U.S.A.
Telephone (847) 676-9177
Fax (847) 982-0747
www.studio-tech.com
50082-199, Issue 1
for Surround
Table of Contents
Foreword ..................................................................... 5
Introduction ................................................................. 7
Applications ................................................................. 10
Installation ................................................................... 11
Configuration ............................................................... 16
Operation .................................................................... 30
Technical Notes .......................................................... 33
Specifications .............................................................. 36
Appendix A .................................................................. 37
MIDI Messages ....................................................... 38
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 3
for Surround
Foreword
Simply stated: I had a blast working on the StudioComm for Surround components! It was
very rewarding to develop a set of products for a market that’s actually receptive to new
ideas and supportive of innovation.
A big thanks to Jeff Levison, formerly of Warner Hollywood Studios. He patiently answered
my questions over a period of many months, helping to guide me in the right direction. I
recently read an interesting book on the history of the Warner Brothers and their movie
empire. One of the things that stood out was their long-term commitment to audio. From
the Jazz Singer to the current DVD releases, they haven’t been afraid of staying on the
forefront of sound for picture. Good going guys!
Additional thanks to a couple of smart audio dudes. Thierry Jeandroz of LTRT in Paris
encouraged me to add several features to improve our audio-post support. Rob James,
formerly of the BBC and now a consultant and writer, suggested how the operator interface
could be improved. The software now reflects the sage advice of these gentlemen.
Mitch Budniak designed much of the hardware and kept us out of “digital trouble.” Carrie
Loving provided engineering support and designed the product graphics. Larry Leviton
wrote the software that makes the hardware “come to life.” Fred Roeck performed the
mechanical design. Al “PCB PRO” Lux designed the...you guessed it! Joe Urbanczyk
coordinated the safety testing and created the automated test routes for our Audio Precision System Ones.
Our plans are to continue with other StudioComm for Surround components. To help keep
us going in the right direction, your praise, comments, or complaints are encouraged.
Please contact me via E-mail at gkapes@studio-tech.com.
Sincerely,
Gordon K. Kapes
President
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 5
for Surround
Introduction
What This User Guide Covers
This User Guide is designed to assist you
when installing and using the Model 68
Central Controller and the Model 69
Control Console.
Model 69 Software Version
It is important to note that this User Guide
documents the performance of Model 69
Control Consoles containing software
versions 1.04 and higher. There is a
simple means of identifying if you have
version 1.04 or higher: Using the mute/
solo button, place the Model 69 in the
mute mode. If the output channel LEDs
are not lit, you’re all set. If the output
channel LEDs are lit, your software needs
to be upgraded. Note that the software is
permanently loaded into a microcontroller
integrated circuit, which is installed in a
socket, located on the Model 69’s printed
circuit board. A software upgrade entails
simply changing this 52-pin “chip.”
If you require an upgrade or are unsure
of your software version, please E-mail
the Technical Support department
(techsupport@studio-tech.com). Please
include the serial numbers of both your
Model 68 and Model 69 units. If necessary, the factory can check its data base
and determine the software versions that
were originally shipped with the units.
StudioComm for Surround
As the production of multi-channel “surround sound” audio material becomes
more prevalent, the need to monitor these
sources becomes imperative for more and
more facilities. Studio Technologies has
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
addressed the needs of smaller facilities
with the StudioComm Model 68 Central
Controller and Model 69 Control Console.
Together they provide the means to select
input sources, control the level of monitor
loudspeakers, and provide mute and solo
functions, along with many other features.
A StudioComm for Surround system starts
with a Model 69 Control Console, a compact but comfortable “command center”
that is designed to reside at the operator’s
location. Using a single 9-conductor cable,
it connects to a Model 68 Central Controller. The Model 68 supports two 6-channel
inputs, two stereo inputs, and six monitor
output channels in a single rack space.
Special features are also supported,
including interfacing with remote control
signals and “tight” integration with stereo
mix consoles.
The Models 68 and 69 were developed
in conjunction with experts in the postproduction and music-only audio fields.
The overall goal turned out to be very
straightforward: Provide the necessary
technical performance and features, while
keeping it simple to operate! Be certain
that operators won’t have to go through
a long “learning curve” before they become efficient. The end result achieves
these goals, providing the required resources in a simple-to-operate format.
Model 68 Central Controller
The Model 68 Central Controller is a single
rack-space unit containing analog audio
and digital control circuitry. Audio input
and output connections are made using
three 25-pin D-subminiature (“D-sub”)
connectors. The connectors follow an
industry-standard multi-channel wiring
scheme. A 9-pin D-sub connector is used
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to connect the Model 68 to a Model 69
Control Console. A second 9-pin D-sub
connector provides access to the remote
control inputs.
The surround and stereo inputs, as well
as the monitor outputs, are electronically
balanced. Fifteen-turn trim potentiometers
are used to precisely calibrate the input
and monitor output signals. Using electromechanical relays, the 6-channel monitor
output provides power-up and power-down
protection for the loudspeakers.
The L/R Bypass function allows a stereo
line-level audio source to be passively
routed to the Model 68’s left and right
monitor output channels, while muting the
center, left surround, right surround, and
subwoofer monitor outputs. The L/R Bypass audio source is normally the monitor
output of a stereo audio console. The L/R
Bypass function, along with associated
remote control functions, make it simple
for an existing facility to add surround
monitoring capability.
An 8-bit microcontroller provides the logic
“horsepower” for the Model 68. AC mains
power is connected directly to the Model
68, which is factory selected for 100, 120,
220/240V operation. The internal power
supply utilizes a toroidal mains transformer
for quiet audio operation.
Model 69 Control Console
The Model 69 Control Console is a compact, self-contained unit designed to be
located at the operator’s position. It allows
fingertip control of all monitoring parameters. Numerous LEDs provide complete
status information. The Model 69 supports
two 6-channel (surround) and two
2-channel (stereo) input sources, along
with one 6-channel monitor output.
Figure 1. Model 68 Central Controller Front Panel
Input 1
trim pots
Input 2
trim pots
Input 3
trim pots
Input 4
trim pots
Data
active LED
Power
present LED
Figure 2. Model 68 Central Controller Back Panel
AC mains
connection
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 8
To/from
Remote control
Model 69
connections
Control Console
Monitor outputs
and
L/R Bypass input
connections
Input 2
(surround B)
and input 4
(stereo B)
connections
Input 1
(surround A)
and input 3
(stereo A)
connections
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Monitor output
channel mute/solo
Mute/solo
mode select
Surround L/R
Bypass select
Input
Sources
1-4
Monitor Output
• Reference level
• Mute all
• Dim
• Rotary level control
Figure 3. Model 69 Control Console Front Panel
The Model 69 provides four buttons and
associated LEDs for selection of the input
source to be monitored. While in most
cases only one input source will be monitored at a time, multiple inputs can be
selected for simultaneous monitoring.
This allows two, three, or all four of the
inputs to be combined (“summed”). While
there is no independent control of the
input levels, this feature can be useful
for creating rough mixes from the source
signals. It is also a fast, effective means
of making a “seat-of-the-pants” check
on the phase relationship between synchronized signals.
The monitor output level is controlled
either through the use of a large, easyto-use rotary control, or by enabling the
preset reference level. For operator convenience, the dim function allows the
monitor output level to be reduced by a
fixed dB amount. The mute all function
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
disables all monitor outputs by activating
the mute relays on the Model 68 Central
Controller.
Control of the individual monitor output
channels is provided by the mute/solo
section. One push-button switch sets the
operating mode for either mute or solo.
The flexibility of having both mute and
solo available allows an operator to quickly
select the most comfortable and productive operating mode. In the mute mode,
individual channels can be muted or unmuted as required. In the solo mode, one
channel can be monitored while the others
are automatically muted. Of course, multiple channels can be simultaneously
selected for “soloing.”
A major strength of the Model 69 is the
ability to configure, under software control,
many operating parameters. During initial
installation the Model 69 is “taught”
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for Surround
the number of monitor output channels
to be controlled, as well as the number of
channels associated with the two surround
and two stereo inputs. The monitor output
reference level is set by taking an electronic “snapshot” of the position of the
rotary level control. The dim level is selected from among four choices. A number
of other operating parameters can also be
configured, including how the four remote
control inputs will function. All configuration parameters are stored in non-volatile
memory.
A Model 69 Control Console connects
to the Model 68 Central Controller using
a standard 9-pin D-sub cable. Power for
the Model 69 is provided by the Model 68.
The Model 69 generates MIDI systemexclusive messages to control the Model
68. Remote control signals, while physically connected to the Model 68, route to
the Model 69 via conductors in the 9-pin
D-sub interconnecting cable.
Limitations on Signal Routing
While a StudioComm system for multichannel monitoring will do many wonderful
things, it is not designed to selectively
route input signals to the different monitor
output channels. An input-channel-tooutput-channel relationship is maintained.
A signal on the subwoofer channel of input
2 will, when selected, output only on the
subwoofer channel of the monitor output.
Any rerouting of the input signals must be
done prior to connection to the StudioComm system. This should not be an
impairment in most facilities, but it’s important to highlight this fact.
Audio Channel Assignment
The designers of the StudioComm Models
68 and 69 made the decision to assign the
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 10
audio channels in the order of left, center,
right, left surround, right surround, and
subwoofer. It was felt that this was a nice,
rational arrangement, common to many
“5.1” installations, that would fit the needs
of most operators. However, not all formats follow this convention, or even use
the same nomenclature. Major audio
companies such as Dolby Laboratories
and DTS may use different channel
assignment schemes in their release
formats. It is hoped that careful interconnection of audio signals during installation,
or incorporating routing flexibility using
a patch bay, will mitigate any big
inconveniences.
SUB Versus LFE
The term SUB was selected because of
its general popularity, but we understand
that some people prefer the term LFE
(low-frequency-enhancement). If you’re
someone who can’t live with our choice,
please feel free to relabel your StudioComm system. Our feelings won’t be
hurt—at least not much!
Applications
Remote Control Capability
Four remote control functions are available: Mute all, dim, L/R Bypass, and input
select. Remote mute all and remote dim
are provided so that communications
systems, machine control systems, or
communication functions associated with
audio consoles can easily be interfaced.
Remote L/R Bypass allows an audio
console’s solo or PFL functions to remain
viable while mixing and monitoring in
surround. Remote input select allows a
machine control system, or audio storage
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
device, to control which input source is
selected for monitoring. Audio-post
professionals will know this as PECDirect switching, which can be easily
implemented.
L/R Bypass
The L/R Bypass function was expressly
provided so that surround monitoring
capability could be added to a facility while
maintaining compatibility with existing
stereo monitoring systems. The L/R
Bypass signal source would normally be
the stereo monitor output of an audio
console. During normal surround mode
operation of the Model 68 and Model 69,
the left and right monitor outputs are
connected, via electromechanical relays,
to the Model 68’s output circuitry. When
the L/R Bypass function is enabled, the left
and right monitor outputs disconnect from
the Model 68’s output circuits, and connect
to the L/R Bypass Inputs; the other four
monitor output channels mute. Activation
of the L/R Bypass function can be by
means of a button on the Model 69 Control
Console, or via a signal connected to the
remote L/R Bypass input.
Installation
In this section you will be installing the
Model 68 Central Controller in an equipment rack. Audio input and monitor output
connections will be made. A location will
be selected for the Model 69 Control
Console and it will be connected to the
Model 68. If required, external equipment
will be interfaced to the remote control
inputs. AC mains power will be connected
to the Model 68.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
System Components
The shipping carton contains one each of
the following: Model 68 Central Controller,
Model 69 Control Console, 20-foot (6.1m)
9-pin D-sub interconnecting cable, user
guide, and warranty card. Units destined
for North America also include an AC
mains cord. Your dealer or distributor will
provide an AC mains cord for non-North
American destination.
Mounting the Model 68
The Model 68 Central Controller requires
one space in a standard 19-inch (48.3cm)
equipment rack. Select a location that is
convenient to both the analog audio signals and the Model 69 Control Console.
A 20-foot (6.1m) cable is supplied to
connect the Model 68 to the Model 69.
You can supply your own interconnecting
cable, however 50 feet (15.3m) is the
recommended maximum length. Secure
the Model 68 into the equipment rack
using two mounting screws per side.
Cable Harnesses
Three 25-pin D-sub connectors are utilized
for audio input and output interconnections. The 16 line-input channels, designated input 1 (Surround A), input 2
(Surround B), input 3 (Stereo A), and input
4 (Stereo B), can interface using two
standard DA-88-style input cable harnesses. The 25-pin D-sub harness used
for the six monitor output channels and the
L/R Bypass input uses a wiring scheme
slightly different from the “DA-88 standard;” the L/R Bypass input connections
make it different. In a standard DA-88
output cable harness, all eight channels
would use, for example, XLR-type plugs
(males). A harness for the Model 68 would
Issue 1, January 1999
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for Surround
have the first six channels using XLR-type
plugs (males) and the last two channels
XLR-type connectors (females).
Audio Connections
Audio signal connections are made by way
of three 25-pin D-sub connectors, located
on the Model 68’s back panel. Three cable
harnesses, each with a 25-pin D-sub plug
(male) on one end and the desired connectors on the other end, are necessary.
These cable harnesses are not supplied
by Studio Technologies. (Note that our
friends in some locations may use the
term “loom” instead of harness.)
The wiring scheme used by the D-subs
comply with that made familiar by
TASCAM with their DA-88 product. Wiring
harnesses prepared for connecting to the
Unless there’s a special need, it may be
cost and time effective for you to purchase
commercially made cable assemblies. Let
the large market for DA-88-style cabling
help you painlessly install your system!
When it came time for Studio Technologies to test the first Model 68 Central
Controller, standard DA-88 harnesses
were purchased. They turned out to be
of very good quality, and the cost was very
reasonable. Needing to change the sex of
Signal
High (+)
Signal
Low (–)
Shield
SURROUND B-L
24
12
25
11
SURROUND B-C
10
23
11
21
9
22
20
8
Signal
High (+)
Signal
Low (–)
Shield
SURROUND A-L
24
12
25
SURROUND A-C
10
23
Connections
surround and stereo input channels are
identical to that of a DA-88 input harness.
A wiring harness prepared for the monitor
output channels and L/R Bypass input are
wired in a slightly different fashion. Please
refer to Figures 4 and 5 for the exact
connection details. Note that the Model
68’s D-sub connectors use 4-40 threads.
Connections
SURROUND A-R
21
9
22
SURROUND B-R
SURROUND A-LS
7
20
8
SURROUND B-LS
7
SURROUND A-RS
18
6
19
SURROUND B-RS
18
6
19
4
17
5
SURROUND A-SUB
SURROUND B-SUB
4
17
5
STEREO A-L
15
3
16
STEREO B-L
15
3
16
STEREO A-R
1
14
2
STEREO B-R
1
14
2
Notes: 1) Connector type on Model 68 is 25-pin D-subminiature
female. Installer must provide plug (male). Connector
uses 4-40 threaded inserts for locking with mating plug.
Notes: 1) Connector type on Model 68 is 25-pin D-subminiature
female. Installer must provide plug (male). Connector
uses 4-40 threaded inserts for locking with mating plug.
2) Wiring scheme follows Tascam DA-88 convention.
Standard DA-88-type wiring harnesses are directly
compatible, with the exception of 4-40 screw threads
being required.
2) Wiring scheme follows Tascam DA-88 convention.
Standard DA-88-type wiring harnesses are directly
compatible, with the exception of 4-40 screw threads
being required.
Figure 4. Connections for Inputs Surround A
and Stereo A
Figure 5. Connections for Inputs Surround B
and Stereo B
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Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
the last two connectors on the output
harness (to support the L/R Bypass input)
was a trivial matter.
Surround and Stereo Audio Inputs
The connectors labeled INPUT 1 (SURROUND A) & INPUT 3 (STEREO A) and
INPUT 2 (SURROUND B) & INPUT 4
(STEREO B) are used to interface with
the 16 line input circuits. Each input circuit
is electronically balanced, and is intended
for connection to balanced or unbalanced
sources with a nominal signal level of
+4dBu. A trim potentiometer is associated
with each input, allowing the input sensitivity to be adjusted over a ±2dB range. The
configuration section of this guide provides
details on using the trim pots.
Balanced sources should be wired so that
signal high is connected to + on the D-sub,
signal low to – on the D-sub, and shield to
the D-sub’s shield connection. With an
unbalanced source, connect signal high to
the + connection on the D-sub, and shield
to both the – and the shield connection on
the D-sub. If connecting to an unbalanced
source in this manner results in hum or
noise, try connecting signal high to + on
the D-sub, and shield to – on the D-sub;
leave the shield connection on the D-sub
unterminated.
It is highly recommended that at least one
of the surround inputs be wired by way of
an audio patch bay. This will allow the
channels associated with that input source
to be easily rerouted. While signals generated within a facility will normally follow a
specific format, such as left, center, right,
left surround, right surround, subwoofer,
it is possible that media provided by an
outside facility will follow a different one.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
L/R Bypass Input
The connector labeled OUTPUTS & L/R
BYPASS INPUT provides access to the
L/R Bypass input. Please refer to Figure
6 for details on the exact “pin out” of the
D-sub connector. It is usual for the source
connected to the L/R Bypass Input to be
from the stereo monitor output of an audio
console, or other monitoring system.
Warning: It is very important that
signals connected to the L/R Bypass
input be “post” a level control, i.e.,
attenuated from line level. Connecting a standard line level audio signal
can result in damage to monitor
loudspeaker systems and, more
importantly, to the ears of listeners.
Connections
Signal
High (+)
Signal
Low (–)
Shield
OUTPUT-L
24
12
25
OUTPUT-C
10
23
11
OUTPUT-R
21
9
22
OUTPUT-LS
7
20
8
OUTPUT-RS
18
6
19
4
17
5
OUTPUT-SUB
L/R BYPASS INPUT-L
15
3
16
L/R BYPASS INPUT-R
1
14
2
Notes: 1) Connector type on Model 68 is 25-pin D-subminiature
female. Installer must provide plug (male). Connector
uses 4-40 threaded inserts for locking with mating plug.
2) Wiring scheme loosely follows Tascam DA-88
convention. Modified DA-88-type wiring harnesses are
required, along with 4-40 screw threads.
Figure 6. Connections for Monitor Outputs and
L/R Bypass Input
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for Surround
Balanced sources should be wired so that
signal high is connected to + on the D-sub,
signal low to – on the D-sub, and shield to
the D-sub’s shield connection. With an
unbalanced source the connection method
depends on the requirements of the monitor speaker system’s input. This is because routing of the L/R Bypass input to
the left and right monitor outputs does not
involve any active circuitry. Whenever the
L/R Bypass feature is active, the signal
connected to the L/R Bypass input is
simply passed through to the left and
right monitor output channels by means
of electromechanical relay contacts.
If the L/R Bypass function is not going to
be used, it is important to disable the L/R
Bypass inputs by jumpering (shorting) the
input connections. The best method of
doing this is to simply install jumper wires
across the signal high (+) and signal low
(–) of the left and right inputs. This ensures that should the L/R Bypass function
be enabled, noise or hum will not be
induced into the left and right monitor
outputs.
Pin
Signal
1
Shield
5
Remote Mute All
6
Remote Dim
7
Remote L/R Bypass
8
Remote Input Select
9
Remote Control Common
Notes: 1) Connector type on Model 68 is 9-pin D-subminiature
female. Connector uses 4-40 threaded inserts for
locking with mating plug.
Monitor Outputs
The connector labeled OUTPUTS & L/R
BYPASS INPUT provides access to
the six monitor output channels. Please
refer to Figure 6 for details on the exact
“pin out” of the D-sub connector.
The monitor output channels are intended
for connection to audio amplifiers associated with monitor loudspeakers, or to the
inputs of loudspeakers with integrated
amplifiers. The monitor outputs are electronically balanced and capable of driving
balanced or unbalanced loads of 600
ohms or greater. While balanced operation
is preferred, unbalanced operation does
not pose a problem. To connect to an
unbalanced load connect the + terminal
of the D-sub as signal high, and both the
– and shield as the signal low/shield. For
optimal unbalanced operation, it is important to connect both – and shield together
directly on the D-sub, and not at the other
end of the harness.
Note that while the Model 68’s electronically balanced output circuits are capable
of driving loads of 600 ohms or greater,
the output level will drop slightly as the
load impedance approaches 600 ohms.
A 0.5dB difference in output level can be
expected as the load impedance changes
from 10k ohms to 600 ohms.
Be aware that whenever the L/R Bypass
function is enabled, the Model 68’s left and
right output circuitry is disabled, and the
L/R Bypass inputs are routed directly to
the left and right monitor output connections. Ensure that the source of the L/R
Bypass signal is capable of correct operation with the wiring scheme selected.
Figure 7. Connector Pin Out for Remote
Control Inputs
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Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Remote Control Inputs
Support is provided for four remote control
functions: Remote Mute All, Remote Dim,
Remote L/R Bypass, and Remote Input
Select. The four inputs use logic gates,
“pulled up” to +5V by way of resistors,
which are active when brought to the logic
low state. (Inputs of this type are commonly referred to as GPI inputs.) While
the input circuitry is protected from overcurrent and static (ESD) discharge, care
should be taken to prevent nasty signals
from reaching them. The inputs are active
only when held in the low state; they can’t
be configured to change state (“latch”) in
response to a logic pulse.
The connector labeled REMOTE CONTROL on the back panel of the Model 68
is used to interface the four remote control
inputs. Refer to Figure 7 for exact connection details. Note that pin 1 (shield) and pin
9 (remote control common) are electrically
identical. In addition to connecting to
system common, they connect to the
Model 68’s chassis and mains earth connections. For convenience, the shield of
the interconnecting cable should be connected to pin 1 (shield), while the return
signals of the remote control sources
should connect to pin 9 (remote control
common).
Note that although the remote control
connections are physically made to the
D-sub on the Model 68’s back panel, the
remote control input circuitry is actually
located in the Model 69 Control Console.
Four conductors in the cable linking the
Model 68 to the Model 69 route the remote
control signals to the actual input circuitry.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Connecting the Model 69
to a Model 68
A cable with 9-pin D-sub plugs (males)
on each end is used to interconnect
the Model 69 Control Console with the
Model 68 Central Controller. A 20-foot
(6.1-meter) cable is provided with each
system. The connector labeled TO/FROM
CONTROL CONSOLE on the back panel
of the Model 68 is used to connect to the
Model 69.
Should a cable of different length be
required, it should be wired in a one-toone fashion for all 9 pins. Pin 1 carries
signal common, and must be connected
at both ends. A shield connection for the
cable should be connected to pin 1 at one
end. For best performance the cable
generally should not exceed 50 feet (15.3
meter) in length. The reality is that a cable
much longer in length should work, as long
as an excellent-quality cable is utilized.
We define “excellent” as extensive shielding along with very low capacitance. The
low cable capacitance limits the amount of
data-signal waveform distortion. As far as
an actual maximum length, just test and
see how far away you can go—if it works,
it works!
AC Mains Power
The Model 68 is internally configured
to operate from either nominal 100, 120,
or 220/240V, 50/60Hz. Units shipped to
North America are factory selected for
120V operation. Units bound for Japan are
selected for 100V, while our friends “down
under” and in Europe receive units set for
220/240V. Before connecting the Model 68
to AC mains power, check that it is configured to match the local mains voltage.
Look on the back panel (adjacent to the
Issue 1, January 1999
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for Surround
power entry connector) for the factoryconfigured voltage. Note than an incorrect
configuration could seriously damage the
unit. Should it be necessary to change the
unit’s operating voltage it must be performed only at the factory or by an authorized service technician.
The Model 68 uses an IEC-standard
connector to mate with the AC mains
cord. The wire colors in the AC mains
cord should conform to the internationally
recognized CEE color code and must
be wired accordingly:
Connection
Wire Color
Neutral (N)
Line (L)
Protective Earth (E)
Light Blue
Brown
Green/Yellow
Safety Warning: The Model 68 does
not contain an AC mains disconnect
switch. As such, the AC mains cord
plug serves as the disconnection
device. Safety considerations require
that the plug and associated outlet be
easily accessible to allow rapid disconnection of AC mains power should it
prove necessary.
As soon as AC mains power is applied,
the Model 68’s power present LED will
light. The Model 69 will go through a
power-up sequence, lighting each LED
in secession. The data active LED on the
Model 68 will briefly light upon completion
of the Model 69’s power-up sequence.
Configuration
After the physical installation has been
completed, several configuration issues
must be addressed. On the Model 68 the
surround and stereo input signal levels
must be calibrated using the trim potentiometers. The operating parameters of the
system should be set using the Model 69
Control Console’s configuration mode.
Level Calibration
Sixteen multi-turn trim potentiometers
grace the front panel of the Model 68
Central Controller. Taking time to carefully
adjust the trim pots will ensure that accurate monitoring can take place. Each trim
pot allows an adjustment range of nominally ±2dB, which is spread over the trim
pot’s 15 turns. Calibrating the surround
and stereo input levels to within one-tenth
of a dB of the desired point is easily
performed.
The monitor outputs are used as the
measuring point when adjusting the trim
pots. A laboratory-grade audio level meter,
or equivalent, is required for accurate
calibration. In addition, the audio sources
connected to the inputs must be set to
generate audio signals at their nominal
operating level.
Procedure
This procedure will ensure that the surround and stereo inputs are level matched
against each other. The trim pots will be
adjusted in groups corresponding to their
associated input sources.
1. Begin by turning the audio amplifiers
or amplified speakers to their off state.
This will protect the operator’s ears
from possible damage.
Issue 1, January 1999
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Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
2. Rotate the level control on the Model
69 to the fully clockwise (maximum)
position.
Model 69 Operating
Parameters
3. On the Model 68, connect the audio
level meter to the left channel of the
monitor output.
Many StudioComm functions can be
configured to meet the exact needs of your
installation. Here’s an overview of what
you can configure:
4. Using the Model 69 Control console,
select input 1 (Surround A) as the
audio source.
• Input channels active for each of the
four inputs
5. Confirm that the audio source’s left
channel is generating a steady signal
at precisely its reference level. (For
this procedure, it is assumed to be
+4dBu.)
6. Observing the level meter, adjust input
1, trim pot L, to give a precise +4dBu
level at monitor output L.
7. Disconnect the level meter from the
left channel of the monitor output.
8. Repeat steps 3-7 for the center, right,
left surround, right surround, and
subwoofer channels of input 1
(Surround A).
9. Repeat steps 3-8 for inputs 2-4 (Surround B, Stereo A, and Stereo B).
Obviously, the stereo inputs have only
left and right inputs, requiring only that
two trim pots be adjusted for each.
10. Rotate the level control on the Model
69 to the fully counterclockwise (minimum) position.
11. After ensuring that the Model 69’s level
control is set to minimum, return the
AC mains switches on the power
amps or amplified speakers to their
on position.
• Monitor output channels active
• Local L/R Bypass
• Reference level
• Monitor output muting
• Dim level
• Remote controls
The Model 69 Configuration Charts, located at the end of this section, give details on how each parameter is set. An
overview of each configurable parameter
is provided in the following paragraphs.
Entering and Exiting the Configuration
Mode
A small button is located on the back of
the Model 69 Control Console, adjacent
to the 9-pin D-sub connector. Pressing
and holding this button for two seconds
places the Model 69 into the configuration
mode. In the configuration mode the
Model 69’s array of buttons and LEDs
no longer perform their normal functions,
but instead allow you to observe and
change many of the operating parameters.
The mute/solo mode LEDs light alternately
to indicate that the configuration mode is
active.
To return the Model 69 to normal operation, once again press and hold the configure button for two seconds. Note that
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 17
for Surround
configuration changes are stored only after
the configuration mode has been exited by
pressing and holding the configure button.
Our apologies to those of you who find the
configure button a pain to use, but it’s
supposed to be that way! Seriously, the
top of the button is slightly recessed from
the back panel, making it harder to accidentally activate. We didn’t want normal
operation to cease because someone
pushed the Model 69 into a “rats nest”
of music scores or track sheets!
When to Use the Configuration Mode
There is no problem frequently “tweaking”
the Model 69’s operating parameters to
achieve the desired performance. The
configuration data is stored in a nonvolatile memory chip, which is rated for
thousands of read and write cycles, and
a retention time in tens of years.
Input Channels Active
This configuration is a bit tricky to understand, but is really quite simple—if we’re
clear on our explanation that is! The configuration parameter for the number of
channels active for each input is provided
for those special cases where a source
has less channels than its usual, e.g., less
than six for surround input A or B.
Let’s look at an example, which is essentially a 6-channel monitor system. Input 1
(Surround A) is connected to a 6-channel
source, so its default configuration is fine.
But the source for input 2 (Surround B) is
special, having only three channels: Left,
center, and right. This makes it not so
“cool” for the operator to select input 2 for
monitoring, as the unconnected left surround, right surround, and subwoofer input
channels will get routed to their respective
monitor outputs. Will the unused input
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 18
channels pick up significant noise or hum?
Unlikely, but why take a chance at having
a problem. Simply use the input channels
active configuration to disable the three
unused channels. Now when input 2 is
selected, only the relevant channels are
selected for monitoring.
Note that when a channel associated
with an input is disabled, the input routing
circuitry, under software control, no longer
selects it, but the corresponding monitor
output channel does not mute. With our
example, when selecting input 2, our
mythical L/C/R source, all six monitor
output channels will remain active, but
the input routing circuitry won’t select the
LS, RS, and SUB inputs. While to some
people this might seem confusing and
possibly a design fault, it was implemented
this way because the StudioComm system
allows multiple inputs to be simultaneously
selected for monitoring; a surround source
might be selected at the same time as a
stereo source. Muting the outputs simply
would not do!
A special mode has been included to
allow an input to be disabled from being
accessed by the operator. This might be
useful, for example, when input 4 (Stereo
B) is not connected to a source, and has
no valid reason to be selected. This might
also be useful when connecting a special
source, such as a house “tie line” or router
output, that shouldn’t normally be accessible. To disable an input is simple, just
disable all channels associated with it; six
for inputs 1 and 2, two for inputs 3 and 4.
To confirm that the input has been disabled, all LEDs associated with that input
will flash on and off. Once the Model 69 is
returned to the normal operating mode,
the disabled input cannot be selected.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Monitor Output Channels Active
The Model 68 and Model 69 hardware and
software supports up to six monitor output
channels. The Model 69 is configured,
from the factory, to generate commands
to control all six monitor outputs. This
would be correct for most applications.
But there may be cases, for example,
where only a 4-channel system is desired.
By configuring the Model 69 to disable the
unused monitor output channels, operator
clarity is enhanced. Specifically, the monitor output mute/solo buttons and LEDs for
the unused monitor output channels will be
disabled, along with the underlying functionality. With the unused monitor output
channels disabled, an operator can’t
accidentally select those channels for solo
or mute operation.
Local L/R Bypass
A button on the Model 69 Control Console
allows the system to be changed from the
normal surround mode to the L/R Bypass
mode. The button could be considered to
allow “local” control of the L/R Bypass
function. In some installations, the L/R
Bypass input won’t be utilized, and locally
enabling the function would be meaningless, and possibly confusing to operators.
In other installations, remote control of the
L/R Bypass function will be implemented,
possibly eliminating the need for local
control. In these cases, it may be desirable
to use the configuration parameter to
disable local L/R Bypass operation. When
disabled, pressing the L/R Bypass button
on the Model 69 will result in no change
taking place; surround-mode operation
will be maintained.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Power-up Mute All
By default, upon application of AC mains
power the monitor outputs remain muted
until a power-up sequence has been
performed. Then the monitor outputs are
returned to their respective states as left
at the time of the previous loss of AC
mains power, allowing normal operation
to resume. There may be special uses
where having the monitor output channels
remain muted until an operator manually
presses the mute all button. Use the
configuration button to select the desired
power-up mute-all operation.
Reference Level
For audio-with-picture applications it’s
critical that mixing be done in reference
to a known monitor loudspeaker level. This
is often referred to as mixing to “85dB” on
the monitors. The Model 69 Control Console allows a precise monitor output level
to be stored, and then enabled by pressing
the button labeled REF. Setting the reference level is very simple:
1. Set up a precision sound pressure
level (SPL) measuring device at the
desired listening location.
2. Place the StudioComm system in the
normal operating mode, not the configuration mode. Be certain that the
reference and dim functions are not
active.
3. Use the Model 69 Control Console
to select the desired reference signal
source, e.g., pink noise, as the active
input source.
4. Observing the SPL meter, adjust the
Model 69’s rotary level control until the
desired reference output level has
been reached.
Issue 1, January 1999
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for Surround
5. Being careful not to touch the position
of the rotary level control, enter the
configuration mode by pressing and
holding the configuration button located
on the Model 69’s back panel.
6. Once the configuration mode has been
entered, the monitor output signals will
mute. Press and hold the reference
button until its associated LED lights.
This will take approximately 5 seconds.
The LED lights to indicate that a “snapshot” of the new reference level has
been taken.
7. To store the new reference level in
memory, exit the configuration mode
by again pressing and holding the
configure button.
This level is now permanently stored as
the reference level. Only by repeating the
procedure can the value be changed.
Once the configuration mode has been
exited, the monitor output channels will
again become active. Confirm that the correct level has been stored by pressing the
REF button. The SPL meter should again
display the desired level. If not, repeat the
calibration procedure.
You might wonder why you have to press
and hold the reference button for 5 seconds
before the selected value is stored. This is
provided specifically so that some Bozo
won’t accidentally change the reference
level while they are playing around in the
configuration mode! Only if you know the
“secret” will you be able to store a new value.
Monitor Output Muting
The Monitor Output Muting configuration
allows selection of the method used for
muting the monitor output channels whenever the mute all or channel mute/solo
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 20
functions are active. Each of the monitor
output channels contains an electromechanical relay, providing loudspeakerprotection-muting during AC mains power
up and power down. These same relays
can also be used to mute the output channels during operation of the mute all or
channel mute/solo functions. An alternative muting method is also available,
utilizing the solid-state analog switches
that are part of the input circuitry. In most
cases using the relays is preferred, as
they provide the most complete muting.
Their one downside is that they generate
a slight mechanical noise upon activation
or deactivation. If the Model 68 is installed
in a location where this noise is objectionable, select the configuration to use the
analog switches for muting.
If the L/R Bypass input function is utilized
in the installation, ensure that the muting
method is configured to use the analog
switches. Refer to the Technical Notes
section for more details.
Remote Input Select
The Remote Input Select function requires
configuring two parameters: Mode and
input to be selected. The mode can be
selected from three choices: Disabled,
exclusive, and nonexclusive. As expected,
when configured for disabled, the function
can not be activated. When configured for
exclusive, whenever the function is activated only the specified input will be active. When configured for nonexclusive,
whenever the function is activated the
specified input will be added (summed)
with any other input or inputs that are
already active.
Selecting the input associated with the
remote input select function is simple.
Just choose any one of the four inputs.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Dim Level
The dim function is used to reduce the
monitor output level by a preset amount.
The reduction is in dB relative to the monitor output’s current level. There are four
dim level values available: 10, 15, 20, and
25dB.
Remote Mute All
Two configuration choices are associated
with the Remote Mute All function: Disabled and enabled. To utilize the function
simply configure it for enabled.
Remote Dim
Two configuration choices are associated
with the Remote Dim function: Disabled
and enabled. To utilize the function simply
configure it for enabled.
Remote L/R Bypass
Two configuration choices are associated
with the Remote L/R Bypass function:
Disabled and enabled. To utilize the function simply configure it for enabled. Note
that the Remote L/R Bypass function can
be enabled and activated, even if the local
L/R Bypass control is disabled.
Restore Factory Defaults
The restore factory defaults function is
provided primarily for factory use. In
this way a system can be shipped with
the default settings selected. While you
are welcome to use this function, be careful so that your configuration efforts aren’t
wasted. Specifically, be aware that the
reference level is reset to minimum level.
All the other parameters are fairly easy to
set up, but resetting the reference level
would require getting out the SPL meter
and a calibrated signal source. This is a
hassle you may not need!
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 21
for Surround
Model 69 Configuration—Entering and Exiting
Configuration Mode
8
Press and hold the
configuration button for
2 seconds to enter or exit
the configuration mode.
These LEDs will light alternately
when configuration mode is active.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 22
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Model 69 Configuration—Input Channels Active
8
Press and hold an input
button (one at a time) to
display and select which
channels associated with
that input are active.
When an input button is pressed, these
LEDs display which input channels are
active for that input. A lit LED indicates
that the channel is active. Use the buttons
to change the configuration.
Default:
For inputs 1 and 2, all six channels (L, C, R, LS, RS, SUB) are active.
For inputs 3 and 4, both channels (L, R) are active.
Note:
A special input disable function is available. By disabling all channels associated with a specific input,
that input will no longer be available during normal operation. While in the configuration mode, all LEDs
associated with an input will flash to indicate that the input has been disabled. This function is useful if
an input is not going to have a source associated with it. Then during normal operation this input cannot
be selected, minimizing any confusion caused by selecting an invalid input source.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 23
for Surround
Model 69 Configuration—Monitor Output Channels Active
8
Press and hold the mode
button to display and
configure which monitor
output channels are active.
When the mode button is pressed, these
LEDs display which monitor output channels
are to be active. A lit LED indicates that the
channel is active. Use the buttons to change
the configuration.
Default:
All six monitor output channels active.
Note:
When no monitor output channels are selected to be active, all the LEDs flash to indicate an error
condition.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 24
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Model 69 Configuration—Local L/R Bypass and
Power-Up Mute All
When the L/R bypass button
is pressed, these LEDs display the
status of the local L/R bypass function.
When LED L is lit local L/R bypass
function is disabled; when LED C is lit
the function can be enabled. Use the
buttons to change the configuration.
Default:
When the L/R Bypass button is pressed,
these LEDs display the status of the
power-up mute all function. When LED R
is lit the state of mute all is saved at power
down and followed upon power up; when
LED LS is lit the system is always in mute
all upon power up. Use the buttons to
change the configuration.
8
Press and hold the
L/R bypass button
to display and select
the status of local
L/R bypass and
power-up mute all
functions.
L/R bypass function can be enabled.
Upon power up, mute all function follows the state saved at last power down.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 25
for Surround
Model 69 Configuration—Reference Level
8
Press and hold the REF button for 5 seconds
to take a “snapshot” of the rotary level control’s
present setting. The REF LED will light when
the “snapshot” has been taken.
Default:
Fully attenuated (minimum) monitor output level.
Note:
The 5-second delay is a safety feature, ensuring that the reference level will not be accidently changed.
To permanently store the new value, you must still exit the configuration mode.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 26
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Model 69 Configuration—Monitor Output Muting and
Remote Input Select
These LEDs display the mode of the remote input select
function. LED L lit means that the function is disabled.
LED C lit means that the function provides exclusive
input select. LED R lit means that the function provides
nonexclusive input select. Use the buttons to change
the configuration.
When the mute all button is pressed, these LEDs display
the input associated with the remote input select function:
LED
LED
LED
LED
1
2
3
4
lit
lit
lit
lit
means
means
means
means
input
input
input
input
1
2
3
4
(surround A);
(surround B);
(stereo A);
(stereo B).
These LEDs display the status of monitor
output muting. LED LS lit means that muting
is by means of the relays. LED RS lit means
that muting is by means of the input analog
switches. Use the buttons to change the
configuration.
8
Press and hold the mute all
button to display and configure
the monitor output muting and
remote input select functions.
Use these buttons to select the input.
Default:
Remote input select function disabled.
Input 1 (surround A) associated with remote input select function.
Monitor output muting by means of the relays.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 27
for Surround
Model 69 Configuration—Dim Level, Remote Mute All,
Remote Dim, and Remote L/R Bypass
These LEDs display the configuration
of remote mute all. LED L lit means that
remote mute all is disabled; LED C lit
means enabled. Use the buttons to
change the configuration.
These LEDs display the configuration
of remote dim. LED R lit means that
remote dim is disabled; LED LS lit means
enabled. Use the buttons to change the
configuration.
These LEDs display
the status of remote
L/R bypass. LED
RS lit means that
remote L/R bypass
is disabled; LED
SUB lit means
enabled. Use the
buttons to change
the configuration.
When the dim button is pressed, these
LEDs display the selected dim level:
LED
LED
LED
LED
1
2
3
4
lit
lit
lit
lit
means
means
means
means
25dB
20dB
15dB
10dB
dim;
dim;
dim;
dim.
8
Press and hold the dim button to
display and select the dim level,
remote mute all, remote dim, and
remote L/R bypass configurations.
Use the buttons to select the dim level.
Default:
20dB dim level.
Remote mute all disabled.
Remote dim disabled.
Remote L/R bypass disabled.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 28
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Model 69 Configuration—Restore Factory Defaults
8
Press and hold both input 1 and input 4
buttons for 5 seconds to restore Model 69
factory defaults. Once defaults have been
restored, the LEDs will light. After buttons are
released, configuration mode will be exited
and normal operation will resume.
Factory Defaults: All channels associated with each input are active.
All six monitor output channels active.
Local L/R bypass function disabled.
Upon power up, mute all function follows the state saved at last power down.
Reference level is set for fully attenuated (minimum) monitor output level.
Monitor output channels C, LS, RS, and SUB mute by means of the relays.
Remote input select function disabled.
Input 1 associated with remote input select function.
20dB dim level.
Remote mute all disabled.
Remote dim disabled.
Remote L/R bypass disabled.
Note:
The 5-second delay is a safety feature, ensuring that the factory defaults will not be accidently
restored.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 29
for Surround
Operation
Now that you’ve installed and configured
the system, you’re ready to go. You should
find operation very easy.
Model 68 Central Controller
The Model 68 front panel contains two
LEDs. The power LED should be lit whenever AC mains power is connected. The
data LED will light whenever a MIDI
system-exclusive message is received
from the Model 69.
Model 69 Control Console
StudioComm operation is controlled using
the Model 69 Control Console and, if
installed, the remote control inputs. To
make things easy to describe, we’ve
divided the StudioComm functions into
four main groups: Input source selection,
monitor output general functions, mute/
solo, and remote controls.
Input Source Selection
Input source selection is simple. To select
an input source for routing to the monitor
outputs, press one of the four input source
buttons. The corresponding LED will light
to let you know that the input has been
selected. You can select more than one
input source simultaneously; up to all four.
The selected inputs will be summed (combined). Start by pressing and holding the
button associated with your first input
source. While the button is still pressed,
add the extra inputs by momentarily pressing the buttons associated with them. The
LEDs will light to tell you which inputs have
been selected. Note that an input LED will
flash if the input has been selected using
the remote input select function.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 30
A recall feature is an integral part of the
input selection process. It’s a bit confusing
to explain, but simple once you experience
it in “real time.” A one sentence explanation would describe the input recall feature
as allowing the system to return to the
previously selected input (or inputs) by
simply pressing one button. It was included specifically for film-post applications where it’s important to be able to
change quickly between a combination
of inputs, such as two “stems,” and a
single input.
Let’s begin the explanation with an example: A film-post facility where the usual
monitoring setup has both input 1 and
input 2 simultaneously selected, while
input 3 is occasionally selected to monitor
a cue track. To select both inputs, press
and hold the button associated with input
1, then press input 2’s button, then release
both buttons. Inputs 1 and 2 are now
selected for monitoring. To monitor input 3
press the button associated with it. To
return to monitoring inputs 1 and 2, simply
press input 3’s button again. The recall
feature returns the system to the previously selected inputs. That’s all there is
to it!
A special configuration mode allows an
input to be disabled. This would be appropriate if an input has not been connected
to an audio source. If you press an input
source button and the previously selected
input source does not change, the newly
selected input has been disabled.
Monitor Output General
Functions
Four buttons and one rotary control are
associated with the monitor output functions. The buttons control operation of
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
local L/R Bypass, reference level, mute all,
and dim. The rotary level control is used to
manually set the monitor output level.
Local L/R Bypass
Using the L/R Bypass function is quite
simple, just press the local L/R Bypass
button to enable it. Signals connected to
the left and right bypass inputs will be
routed to the left and right monitor outputs,
respectively; the center, left surround,
right surround, and subwoofer outputs
will mute. The local L/R Bypass button is
always set to “latch” the function on and
off. There are two LEDs associated with
the local L/R Bypass button. During normal operation the surround LED will be lit.
Whenever L/R Bypass is active the surround LED will go out, and the L/R Bypass
LED will light. Note that if L/R Bypass is
enabled via the remote L/R Bypass function, the L/R Bypass LED will flash.
Remember that the Model 69 Control
Console can be configured to disable
the L/R Bypass button. If the button is
pressed and nothing happens, this must
be the case!
Reference Level
The reference level button, labeled REF,
sets the monitor output to a preset level.
This level is normally set by a technician,
using a sound-pressure-level (SPL) meter,
at the time of system installation. The LED
associated with the reference level function lights whenever the function is active.
When reference level mode is active the
rotary level control is disabled.
The reference LED also serves as a calibration aid. If the reference level mode is
not active, and the rotary level control is
set at precisely the same level as that
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
stored for the reference value, the reference LED will flash.
Mute All
The mute all function is highly complicated
to operate—not! Pressing the mute all
button causes the monitor outputs to mute.
The mute all button is always set to “latch”
the function on and off. The LED associated with the mute all button will light
whenever mute all is active. Note that if
mute all is enabled via the remote mute
all function, the mute all LED will flash.
Dim
The dim function is quite self-explanatory.
Press the dim button to enable the dim
mode, which reduces the monitor output
level by a preset amount. The dim button
is always set to “latch” the function on and
off. Dim activity applies no matter whether
the monitor output level is being set by the
rotary control or the reference button. The
dim level can be configured for 10, 15, 20,
or 25dB, so one of those values will apply
when dim is active. The LED associated
with the dim button will light whenever dim
is active. Note that if dim is enabled via the
remote dim function, the dim LED will
flash.
What’s not so self-explanatory is the autodim-off function. Whenever dim is enabled
due to the dim button being pressed, and
reference mode is not active, changing
the rotary level control will automatically
turn off dim. The auto dim off function is
a unique attempt at protecting the aural
health of audio engineers. No longer will
there be a heart-stopping blast of audio
when the dim button is pressed, supposedly to enable dim, but actually turning
dim off because it was already enabled.
It’s hard to explain unless you’ve used
Issue 1, January 1999
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for Surround
an audio console and experienced this
in person—trust us, this situation does
happen! Auto dim off is a wonderful
“real-world” feature.
Note that the auto dim off function is not
active whenever dim is enabled due to
the remote dim function being active. This
allows remote control equipment, such as
a talk-back system, to reliably dim the
monitor outputs.
Rotary Level Control
The rotary level control is used to manually adjust the monitor output level. It is
active any time the reference level function
is not active. When the rotary level control
is set to give the same output level as the
preset reference level, the reference LED
will flash. Note that when the level control
is set to its fully counterclockwise position,
maximum attenuation is achieved, but
don’t expect a full mute. The mute all
function should be used to fully mute the
monitor outputs.
Mute/Solo
The mute/solo mode button and the six
monitor output channel buttons, along with
associated LEDs, work together to provide
excellent operating flexibility. The mute/
solo mode switch allows the operator to
select between industry-standard mute
and solo functions. The mute and solo
functions use, depending on the configuration, mute relays or input analog switches
to enable or disable monitor output channels. Going from mute mode to solo mode,
or vice-versa, clears all active mutes or
solos. Pressing the mode switch twice is a
legitimate means of quickly clearing muted
or soloed channels.
Issue 1, January 1999
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In the mute mode, multiple channels can
be muted simultaneously. A channel that
is muted has its associated LED turned
on. In the solo mode multiple channels
can be soloed simultaneously. A channel
that is soloed has its associated LED flash
on and off, while the LEDs on the nonsoloed channels are not lit.
Note that monitor output channels which
have been configured to be disabled are
not accessible using the monitor output
channel buttons. This ensures that an
operator only has access to the available
output channels. Unsupported monitor
output channels will have their LEDs
permanently off.
Remote Control
Four remote control signals can be connected to the system and configured for
the desired operating characteristics:
Remote mute all, remote dim, remote L/R
Bypass, and remote input select. When
remote mute all is activated the LED on
the Model 69 associated with mute all will
flash. If mute all was already active when
the remote mute all function is activated,
the LED will change from being lit to
flashing.
When Remote Dim is activated the LED
on the Model 69 associated with the dim
function will flash. If dim was already
active when remote dim is activated, the
LED will change from being lit to flashing.
When remote L/R Bypass is activated, the
surround LED on the Model 69 will go out,
and the L/R Bypass LED will flash. If L/R
Bypass was already active when remote
L/R Bypass is activated, the L/R Bypass
LED will change from being lit to flashing.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
When remote input select is activated, the
LED on the Model 69 associated with the
selected input will flash. If the function is
set for exclusive, no other LEDs will be lit.
If the function is set for nonexclusive, the
LED associated with remote input select
will flash, while the LEDs associated with
any other active inputs will remain lit.
Technical Notes
L/R Bypass Function
There are several issues that must be
taken into account when connecting and
using the L/R Bypass function. A brief
overview of how the function is implemented may prove useful. Each of the
Model 68’s six monitor outputs uses electromechanical relay contacts to connect
the output circuitry to the output connector.
During the transition from power-down to
power-up, and vice-versa, the relays are
placed in their non-energized state. For
the C, LS, RS, and SUB outputs, the relay
contacts, when in their non-energized
state, short the outputs, providing a mute
function. The L and R outputs are different
in that instead of muting the outputs, they
connect the outputs to the L/R Bypass
inputs. So in effect, the L and R monitor
outputs don’t have a true mute function,
but limit the amount of clicks, pops, and
other noise by simply not being connected
during power-up and power-down transitions. While this method is simple, it does
require care in several areas. The first
area of concern is to ensure that a source
connected to the L/R Bypass input is
“quiet” at times when the Model 68’s left
and right monitor outputs are in their
“mute” state. This should not be an issue
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
as the usual audio source, the monitor
output of an audio console, should have its
own protection.
The second area of concern relates to the
monitor output muting method. If a source
is connected to the L/R Bypass input, the
monitor output mute method must be set
to use the solid-state analog switches.
This method will ensure that the L/R Bypass inputs won’t connect to the left and
right monitor outputs when the mute all or
mute/solo functions are active. If the L/R
Bypass function is not going to be used,
either monitor output muting method can
be selected. Just be certain that the L/R
Bypass input is wired to provide muting,
as detailed in the Installation section of
this guide.
Monitor Output Gain Structure
The Model 68 Central Controller’s monitor
outputs are configured for unity gain.
When the rotary level control on the Model
69 Control Console is set for maximum
level (fully clockwise) the output level is
essentially the same as the input level.
The input trim potentiometers allow precise adjustment of the monitor output
level. This was provided so that slight level
variations in input sources, the Model 68’s
circuitry, and the associated power amplifiers can be “trimmed out.”
Audio Input and Monitor Output Levels
The audio inputs and monitor outputs were
designed for +4dBu nominal operating
levels. It was anticipated that signals with
lower operating levels may also get connected. While it was not practical to directly support multiple operating levels,
the circuitry was specifically designed so
that operating level changes could easily
be performed by a qualified technician.
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Schematic diagrams which cover the
Model 68 and Model 69 are available upon
request from the factory. Checking the
“fine print” on the Model 68 schematic
pages, you’ll find the resistor identification
numbers and corresponding values to
change the input nominal level to –10dBu
operation. (The Model 68’s designer is
well aware that “–10” signals are supposed to be referenced to dBV, but finds
from experience that a nominal input level
of –10dBu interfaces better!)
Central Controller will continue to operate
as before the connection was broken.
No clicks, pops, or other noises will occur
when the Model 69 is again connected.
The Model 69 will go through its standard
power-up sequence, send a message to
reset power-up defaults, then send the
operating parameters as stored in its
memory. You may notice a brief interval
of silence while the Model 68 responds to
the reset defaults and operating parameter
messages.
Definition of Level—dBu
Whenever possible, Studio Technologies
has opted to use the dBu designation as
it seems to be quite rational. Using dBm
was fine when all audio line outputs were
terminated with 600 ohm loads. In this way
it was easy to say that 0dBm is 1 milliwatt
dissipated in the known load (i.e., 0dBm
across 600 ohms will measure 0.775V).
In contemporary situations an output is
rarely terminated with 600 ohms; generally
10k ohms or higher. The dBu designation
is better because it refers to dB referenced
to 0.775V, with no reference to load impedance. This takes into account today’s
audio scene where signals have a low
source impedance, and a high input impedance. The dBu designation is becoming the standard for the professional audio
industry.
Power Amplifier Input Sensitivity
Optimum StudioComm performance is
obtained when the input sensitivity of the
associated audio power amplifiers or
amplified speakers is adjusted to match
the Model 68’s monitor output level. With
normal, but loud, listening levels you
should find the level potentiometer on the
Model 69 to be set at approximately the
“2-o’clock” position. If you find that you
don’t have to turn up the Model 69’s
control that high, reduce the input sensitivity of the power amplifiers until you get to
the 2-o’clock position. Most power amplifiers and amplified speakers have controls
on their inputs to allow easy adjustment of
input sensitivity.
“Hot” Disconnection of the Model 69
Control Console
Should you need to relocate the Model 69
while your StudioComm system is operating, there is no reason why you can’t
disconnect the cable, move the unit, and
then connect it again. If the Model 69 is
disconnected while it is operating, the
current operating parameters are saved
in nonvolatile memory and the Model 68
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 34
Monitor Output Transient Protection
The Model 68 Central Controller contains
a power up/power down transient protection feature. This limits the chance of
damage to the monitor loudspeakers
during the time when AC mains voltage
is connected, disconnected, or has
changed significantly from nominal. A
combination of hardware and software is
used to monitor one of the power supply
“rails.” Until the power supply exceeds
81% of its nominal voltage, electromechanical relays maintain a short circuit
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
condition on the C, LS, RS, and SUB
monitor outputs, while the L and R monitor
outputs are maintained in the L/R Bypass
mode. After a short delay the relays are
allowed to function normally. Whenever
the power supply drops below 79% of its
nominal voltage, the relays immediately
go to their protection state. During testing
it was found that upon power up the monitor outputs remained very quiet; during
power down a moderate “tick” was the
worst that was heard.
Model 68 to Model 69
Connections
Figure 8 gives a detailed view of the signals that connect between the Model 68
Central Controller and the Model 69
Control Console. The Model 68 provides
+15Vdc power for the Model 69. The
Model 69 generates MIDI system-exclusive messages and sends them to the
Model 68. From the outside world, the
four remote control input sources connect
to the Model 68. They then route, via the
interface cable, from the Model 68 to
the actual input circuitry, located in the
Model 69.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Pin
Signal
Direction
1
Power Supply Common
68 to/from 69
2
+15Vdc
68 to 69
3
Data (MIDI System-Exclusive)
69 to 68
4
Data Common
69 to/from 68
5
Remote Mute All
68 to 69 (Note 2)
6
Remote Dim
68 to 69 (Note 2)
7
Remote L/R Bypass
68 to 69 (Note 2)
8
Remote Input Select
68 to 69 (Note 2)
9
Remote Control Common
68 to/from 69
Notes: 1) Connector types on Model 68 and Model 69 are 9-pin
D-subminiature female. Connectors use 4-40 threaded
inserts for locking with mating plug.
2) Remote control sources connect to D-sub on Model
68, then passively route to 68/69 interface D-sub.
Figure 8. Connections between Model 68 and
Model 69
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Specifications
Model 68 Central Controller
General Audio:
Frequency Response: 20Hz-20kHz ±0.1dB
(down 0.5dB @ 85kHz), monitor out
Distortion (THD+N): 0.05%, measured at 1kHz,
+4dBu, monitor out
AC Mains Requirement:
100, 120, or 220/240V, ±10%, factory configured,
50/60Hz
Dimensions (Overall):
19.00 inches wide (48.3cm)
1.72 inches high (4.4cm)
8.75 inches deep (22.2cm)
(1 standard rack space)
Weight: 7.9 pounds (3.6kg)
S/N Ratio: 92dB, ref +4dBu out
Crosstalk: 78dB, ref +4dBu in
Audio Line Inputs: 16, organized at two
6-channel inputs and two 2-channel inputs
Model 69 Control Console
Type: electronically balanced
Application: supports Model 68 Central
Controller
Impedance: 24k ohms
Power: provided by Model 68 Central Controller
Nominal Level: +4dBu, adjustable ±2dB
Output Data: generates MIDI system-exclusive
messages
L/R Bypass Input: 1, 2-channel
Type: balanced, passive, no circuitry associated
with input
Connector: 1, 9-pin D-subminiature female
Switching: left and right bypass inputs switched
to left and right monitor outputs using sealed,
bifurcated relay contacts
Dimensions (Overall):
7.2 inches wide (18.3cm)
2.2 inches high (5.6cm)
5.4 inches deep (13.7cm)
Monitor Outputs: 1, 6-channel
Weight: 2.0 pounds (0.9kg)
Type: electronically balanced
Nominal Level: unity gain, audio line inputs to
monitor outputs
Maximum Output Level: +27dBu into 10k ohms,
+26dBu into 600 ohms
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Level Control Method: laser-trimmed voltagecontrolled-amplifier integrated circuits manufactured by THAT Corporation
Attenuation Range: 72dB, nominal, using rotary
level control
Connectors:
Audio: 3, 25-pin D-subminiature female
Control: 2, 9-pin D-subminiature female
AC Mains: 3-blade IEC-type
Remote Control Inputs: 4, HCMOS-type logic,
“pulled up” to +5Vdc using 10k ohm resistors,
activates on closure to system common
Issue 1, January 1999
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Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Appendix A
Controlling the Model 68
The Model 68 Central Controller uses
MIDI system-exclusive messages to control all functions. The Model 69 Control
Console is programmed to generate a
subset of what the Model 68 is capable of
doing. By using standard MIDI messages,
the Model 68 can be used for a wide range
of special applications. Any device that
can be programmed to send systemexclusive MIDI messages can be used to
control the Model 68.
General Notes:
All MIDI messages to be acted upon are
system-exclusive type (F0H). No channel
mode, system common, or system real
time messages are utilized.
Studio Technologies, Inc. manufacturer’s
ID number is 00H 00H 56H
The Model 68’s product device ID number
is 04H.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
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for Surround
Function: Reset to Power Up Default Configuration
Byte
Value
Description
1
F0H
System-Exclusive Message
2
00H
1st Byte of Studio Tech ID
3
00H
2nd Byte of Studio Tech ID
4
56H
3rd Byte of Studio Tech ID
5
04H
Product ID (Model 68)
6
00H
Function, Restore Power Up Default Configuration
7
F7H
EOX, End of System-Exclusive Message
Notes: Action taken after message is received:
Set all input sources to off.
Set all monitor output channels to off.
Set monitor output level to minimum.
Set L/R bypass to normal.
Issue 1, January 1999
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Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Function: Input Source and Associated Channels
Byte
Value
Description
1
F0H
System-Exclusive Message
2
00H
1st Byte of Studio Tech ID
3
00H
2nd Byte of Studio Tech ID
4
56H
3rd Byte of Studio Tech ID
5
04H
Product ID (Model 68)
6
01H
Function, Input Source and Associated Channels
7
0nH
Input Source, range 1-4:
1=surround A
2=surround B
3=stereo A
4=stereo B
8
nnH
Input Channel Status Bit Map (sum values from all six channels):
Channel 1 (L): off=00; on=01
Channel 2 (C): off=00; on=02
Channel 3 (R): off=00; on=04
Channel 4 (LS): off=00; on=08
Channel 5 (RS): off=00; on=10
Channel 6 (SUB): off=00; on=20
9
F7H
EOX, End of System-Exclusive Message
Note:
Inputs 3 and 4 only have input channels 1 (L) and 3 (R) associated with them.
Channels 2 (C), 4 (LS), 5 (RS), and 6 (SUB) are not physically present on inputs
3 and 4.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
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for Surround
Function: Monitor Output Channel Status
Byte
Value
Description
1
F0H
System-Exclusive Message
2
00H
1st Byte of Studio Tech ID
3
00H
2nd Byte of Studio Tech ID
4
56H
3rd Byte of Studio Tech ID
5
04H
Product ID (Model 68)
6
02H
Function, Monitor Output Channel Status
7
nnH
Monitor Output Channel Status using Monitor Output Relays Bit Map
(sum values from all six channels):
Channel 1 (L): off=00; on=01
Channel 2 (C): off=00; on=02
Channel 3 (R): off=00; on=04
Channel 4 (LS): off=00; on=08
Channel 5 (RS): off=00; on=10
Channel 6 (SUB): off=00; on=20
8
nnH
Monitor Output Channel Status using Input Analog Switches Bit Map
(sum values from all six channels):
Channel 1 (L): normal=00; mute=01
Channel 2 (C): normal=00; mute=02
Channel 3 (R): normal=00; mute=04
Channel 4 (LS): normal=00; mute=08
Channel 5 (RS): normal=00; mute=10
Channel 6 (SUB): normal=00; mute=20
9
F7H
EOX, End of System-Exclusive Message
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 40
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Function: Monitor Output Level - Normal
Byte
Value
Description
1
F0H
System-Exclusive Message
2
00H
1st Byte of Studio Tech ID
3
00H
2nd Byte of Studio Tech ID
4
56H
3rd Byte of Studio Tech ID
5
04H
Product ID (Model 68)
6
03H
Function, Monitor Output Level - Normal
7
nnH
Monitor Output Level, MSB, range 00-7F
8
0nH
Monitor Output Level, LSB, range 0-1
9
F7H
EOX, End of System-Exclusive Message
Notes: Control console sends new value each time monitor output level is changed.
Monitor output level is 8-bit precision, spread over two MIDI bytes: 00H 00H
lowest; 7FH 01H highest. MIDI byte 7 is monitor output level bits 2-8; MIDI byte
8 is monitor output level bit 1.
Dim function is performed by control console and is sent using monitor output level
command.
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 41
for Surround
Function: Monitor Output Level - Reverse
Byte
Value
Description
1
F0H
System-Exclusive Message
2
00H
1st Byte of Studio Tech ID
3
00H
2nd Byte of Studio Tech ID
4
56H
3rd Byte of Studio Tech ID
5
04H
Product ID (Model 68)
6
04H
Function, Monitor Output Level - Reverse
7
nnH
Monitor Output Level, MSB, range 00-7F
8
0nH
Monitor Output Level, LSB, range 0-1
9
F7H
EOX, End of System-Exclusive Message
Notes: Not sent by control console. Provided for special applications.
Monitor output level is 8-bit precision, spread over two MIDI bytes: 00H 00H
highest; 7FH 01H lowest. MIDI byte 7 is monitor output level bits 2-8; MIDI byte
8 is monitor output level bit 1.
Dim function is performed by control console and is sent using monitor output level
command.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 42
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
for Surround
Function: L/R Bypass
Byte
Value
Description
1
F0H
System-Exclusive Message
2
00H
1st Byte of Studio Tech ID
3
00H
2nd Byte of Studio Tech ID
4
56H
3rd Byte of Studio Tech ID
5
04H
Product ID (Model 68)
6
05H
Function, L/R Bypass
7
0nH
L/R Bypass Status, range 0-1:
0=normal
1=L/R bypass
8
F7H
EOX, End of System-Exclusive Message
Model 68/69 User Guide
Studio Technologies, Inc.
Issue 1, January 1999
Page 43
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