6.3 Energy - Inclusive Business Sweden

6.3 Energy - Inclusive Business Sweden
Inclusive Business Agenda
These experiences, and others, such as research in
the fields of smart grids, flexible energy systems,
bio-energy, waste-to-energy and other renewables,
have created significant capability in the sector.
Other experiences include projects for rural
electrification and different types of off-grid
energy production with developing countries.
Sweden has a significant industrial capacity and
technology that can be brought to this space.
6.3 Energy
1.3 billion people lack access to electricity to light
their homes or conduct business, and nearly 40%
of the world’s population rely on wood, coal,
charcoal or animal waste to cook their food39. To
address this immense challenge, the UN launched
the “Sustainable Energy for All” global initiative
that would mobilise action from all sectors of
society to provide universal access to modern
energy services while doubling both the global rate
of energy efficiency and the share of renewable
energy40. As the poor gain more access to energy
over time, it will be critical that this comes from
sustainable sources and solutions.
Sweden has a long history of improving energy
production and increasing efficiency rates of
energy usage. As a result, greenhouse gas
emissions from energy production are close to
zero41.
Sweden has a particularly strong capability in
converting waste to energy and has achieved a
100% resource utilisation42. This experience can
also be leveraged widely in BoP markets where
waste management and energy needs remain
unmet.
BOX 6: Swedish Case - Replacing charcoal with
biomass
The start-up venture Emerging Cooking Solutions is
producing waste biomass pellets and selling them as
cooking fuel in Zambia. Apart from saving money on
(primarily) charcoal, the customers also save time in
cooking as the power output is higher, reducing time to
bring water to a boil. In addition, indoor air pollution is
reduced drastically. An added health benefit is that the
provided stove does not get hot on the outside and it is
very stable, reducing the risk of burns for users.
Emerging Cooking Solution‘s project combines the use
of waste bio-mass pellets with a more efficient stove that has won awards for its low level of pollution, and
is experimenting with different stove types during the project.
Source: Innovations Against Poverty, 2013: Project Profile: Emerging Cooking Solutions. Picture: Zoe Fox - Mashable
39UN
Sustainable Energy for All, 2013: Achieving Universal Energy Access
40 www.se4all.org
41
42
SP Technical Research Institute, 2013: Green Agenda
Agenda – En avfallshantering i världsklass
Page 36
Inclusive Business Agenda
Energy
Global challenge
1.3 billion people lack access
to electricity to light their
homes or conduct business,
and nearly 40% of the
world’s population rely on
wood, coal, charcoal or animal
waste to cook their food (UN, 2013)
Sector ambition
Enable green energy access through inclusive business
models for 300 million people
Sweden’s strengths and capabilities
• Green / renewable energy solutions and processes including solar, wind and water
• Bio-energy - forestry, waste-to-energy, biomass
• Energy efficiency - consumer products, buildings,
industrial processes
• System integration and multi-level approach
• Rural electrification
• Ability to assess impact of renewable energies
• Life-cycle analysis - understanding costs and impacts
of technological solutions
Noteworthy Swedish initiatives
• SP: Waste Recovery International Partnership
• Biogas Systems Nordic
• Dometic: Ethanol biomass cookstoves
• Pamoja Cleantech: Rural electrification
• Emerging Cooking Solutions: Biomass cooking fuel
• HiNation: Portable lighting
• Vattenfall: Energy Access Partnership
• Renetech: Renewable Energy Technologies
Key challenges
• Sustainably meeting growing energy needs
• Resource control - diversity, political issues /
instability
• Economics - competing with less sustainable
alternatives (e.g. coal, oil) - often subsidised
• Technologies can be costly - challenging for SMEs to
enter and scale without subsides
• Poor levels of existing infrastructure
• Need for financing / appropriate business models
• Lack of technical skills at a community level
• Lack of sense of urgency for Sweden to lead globally
Opportunities and potential activities
• Small-scale / off-grid solutions - appropriate
technology solutions
• Clean fuels - agriculture inputs, cooking, heating,
transportation
• Diffusion of waste-to-energy solutions
• Sector-based energy programmes - e.g. agriculture,
housing, ICT, etc
• Applied research
Relevant national strategic innovation programmes
supported by Vinnova
• Effektiv energianvändning - Swerea Swecast
• RE: Source - resurs och avfallshantering - SP
Prioritised workstreams
• Community building
• Capacity building
• Financing
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