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Form 080/01
Version
04.00
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
High-end network analyzer up to 8 GHz, 24 GHz, 40 GHz or 50 GHz with two or four test ports
◆ Linear and nonlinear amplifier and
mixer measurements
◆ High-performance pulse ­profile
­measurements with 12.5 ns resolution
◆ True differential measurements for
reliable characterization of active
­devices with balanced ports
◆ High output power typ. >15 dBm
◆ Wide dynamic range typ. >140 dB
◆ High measurement speed
<3.5 µs per test point
◆ Wide IF bandwidth: 1 MHz/5 MHz
◆ Versatile calibration techniques
TOSM, TRL/LRL, TOM, TRM, TNA,
UOSM
◆ Automatic calibration units
◆ Various functions for performance
optimization
February
2008
Versatile – powerful – future-proof – user-friendly
More than 100 channels and traces
Control by mouse or hardkeys/softkeys
Display of measurement parameters using
a variety of stimulus conditions
Convenient user interface with wizards,
context menus, and extensive analysis functions
Undo/Redo
Cancels the last one to six entries
Online help
Context-sensitive including
remote-control commands
Measurement wizard
Guides you step by step
through the test setup
you want
Connector for R&S®NRP
Power calibration and
scalar network analysis
Connector for calibration unit
High-speed, error-free automatic
calibration
Two independent generators
Simple test configuration, high speed
for multitone and true differential
measurements
Direct access to all generator and receiver paths
Enhanced sensitivity and dynamic range for the connection of
external test sets, e.g. for high-power applications
Wide range of connectors and interfaces
(rear panel)
LAN
IEEE
USB
VGA
USER CONTROL (for synchronizing external
components, e.g. handlers, with the analyzer's
internal measurement sequences)
Condensed data
Number of test ports
2 or 4
Frequency range
300 kHz to 8 GHz (¸ZVA8)
10 MHz to 24 GHz (¸ZVA24)
10 MHz to 40 GHz (¸ZVA40)
10 MHz to 50 GHz (¸ZVA50)
Output power at test port
>13 dBm, typ. 15 dBm
Measurement time per test point
<3.5 µs
Power sweep range
>50 dB, typ. 60 dB
Measurement time (201 test points)
4.5 ms
IF bandwidths
1 Hz to 1 MHz (5 MHz optional)
Dynamic range at 10 Hz measurement bandwidth
Between test ports
typ. >140 dB
With direct receiver access
typ. >145 dB
Number of channels, diagrams, traces >100 each 1)
Data transfer time (201 test points)
Via IEC/IEEE bus
<2.9 ms
Number of test points per trace
1 to 60001
Via VX11 over 100 Mbit/s LAN
<1.3 ms
Operating system
Windows XP Embedded
Via RSIB over 100 Mbits/s LAN
<0.7 ms
Switching time
Between channels
<1 ms
Between instrument setups
<10 ms
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
1)
Limited by available RAM capacity.
Technological progress in RF and ­microwave engineering means that network
analyzers in development and production
continuously have to meet new ­demands
for ease of operation, flexibility­, and performance.
indispensable tool for demanding measurement tasks in labs and production.
With its new ¸ZVA family of vector network analyzers, Rohde & Schwarz
is taking a future-oriented approach.
The analyzers offer a perfect balance
between measurement speed, dynamic
range, flexibility, and precision, making
them ideal for present and future measurement tasks.
The test set includes a number of special design features. There is one measurement channel and one reference
channel for each test port, an RF switch
in each generator path, and one generator for each pair of test ports. This
makes the ¸ZVA an analyzer of
­unprecedented performance and functionality, which is especially true for the
four-port model:
Rohde & Schwarz previously set standards
in RF and microwave measurements with
its ¸ZVR family of network analyzers,
and now continues this success with the
¸ZVA. The fundamental mixing concept employed by the analyzer‘s receivers
ensures high sensitivity and a wide dynamic range. Extremely fast synthesizers
make for short measurement times.
Test set design for enhanced
performance and flexibility
◆ True differential measurements on
balanced DUTs
◆ Parallel signal output, e.g. of
LO and RF signals for mixer or
intermodulation measurements
◆ Parallel signal output and measurement at the test ports for measuring
two or more DUTs simultaneously
◆ Connection of external test setups,
e.g. power amplifiers, or use as a
multichannel receiver, e.g. for antenna measurements, by means of the
direct generator/receiver access option (see page 14)
Measurement receiver
Reference receiver
Bias-tee
Its excellent characteristics, new functionality, sophisticated GUI, and extremely high flexibility make the ¸ZVA an
Measurement receiver
Reference receiver
Bias-tee
Measurement receiver
Measurement receiver
Reference receiver
Reference receiver
Bias-tee
Bias-tee
Measurement receiver
Reference receiver
Reference receiver
Block diagram of the ¸ZVA two-port model
PORT 2
Measurement receiver
Bias-tee
PORT 4
PORT 1
Bias-tee
PORT 3
PORT 2
PORT 1
Block diagram of the ¸ZVA four-port model
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
High measurement throughput
Wide dynamic range for fast
and ­accurate measurements
The ¸ZVA sets new standards in
measurement speed. Its large IF bandwidths and fast synthesizers combine to
yield short measurement times and thus
high throughput in manual adjustments
and automated production sequences.
The measurement time per test point is
less than 3.5 µs in the CW mode; a frequency sweep over 200 test points takes
less than 5 ms.
Due to the analyzer‘s wide dynamic
­range and low phase noise, this speed
advantage does not compromise measurement accuracy.
Dynamic range between test ports at 10 Hz IF bandwidth
Fast switching between
­instrument setups
When analyzing two or more DUTs,
you no longer have to load the required
instrument setups from the hard disk
one after the other. Once called, setups remain available in RAM, including
calculated data, e.g. calibration values
obtained by interpolation. You can therefore switch between setups ­virtually
­without delay, i.e. in less than 10 ms by
remote control. With conventional instruments, recalling setups can take up
to one second. Each setup is represented by a separate measurement window.
This design feature also makes it easier
to handle large volumes of measured
data. If a display area becomes too
“­crowded“, data can easily be distributed to other windows (setups). You can
switch between windows by using the
mouse or pressing a key.
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
Switching between setups at the click of a mouse
Parallel measurements:
The test signals are applied to the DUTs simultaneously,
and measurements are also carried out simultaneously.
Compared to the standard (sequential) mode, measurement throughput is doubled with the test configuration
shown here
DUT 1
Segmented sweep for optimized
speed, accuracy and dynamic
range
The segmented sweep function allows
you to divide a sweep into a virtually
­unlimited number of segments. Sweep
parameters such as test point ­spacing,
measurement bandwidth, and ­generator
power can be defined separately for
each segment and thus accurately
matched to the DUT characteristic. Measurement speed and accuracy can thus
be further optimized.
Parallel measurements – up to
four ­times faster
In addition to the standard operating
mode, the concept of the ¸ZVA
allows test ports to be organized in
groups, e.g. in two groups of two ports
DUT 2
each, or in four groups of one port each.
Measurements are carried out on the
various groups simultaneously, provided
the test parameters are identical for
each group. This means that measuring
two or more DUTs in the parallel mode
takes no more time than measuring a
single DUT in the standard mode. Compared to sequential measurements, measurement speed will thus double when
measuring two two-port DUTs in parallel and quadruple when measuring four
one-port DUTs in parallel.
Data transfer simultaneous
with sweep
Since trace data is transferred via the
IEC/IEEE bus or LAN at the same time
measured data is being captured,
­data transfer time on the ¸ZVA is
­insignificant.
Channel bits and user port –
high-speed ­control of external
devices
To speed up automatic test cycles even
further, a special port for trigger I/O
­signals and status indication is provided
on the rear panel. ­These signals directly
synchronize external devices of a test
setup or the settings of a DUT with the
internal measurement sequences of the
¸ZVA. No remote control sequences
are required, thus saving execution time.
The pins of the USER CONTROL port
also provide information on the net time
required for measuring one point, one
sweep, or carrying out a partial measurement. This makes it easy to determine
net measurement times and optimize
synchronization.
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
Display and analysis functions – user-friendly and flexible
State-of-the-art DUTs feature a steadily
increasing number of complex functions
and ports, which also places higher demands on the instrument‘s display capabilities. The ¸ZVA provides highly
versatile functions for displaying results
in a straightforward manner.
Virtually unlimited number of
­channels and traces
Over 100 traces can be combined in any
manner within the individual diagrams
and assigned to over 100 different channels 1). DUTs can thus be measured using a wide variety of stimulus conditions, and all parameters of interest can
be displayed on the screen. The names
of traces­, channels, and markers can
be ­edited and replaced by user-specific
names to make them easier to identify.
Flexible channel and trace layout
Easy export and import of
­results
Convenient equation editor for
complex trace mathematics
The use of the Windows XP Embedded
operating system, in conjunction with
a variety of interfaces, makes it easy
to integrate measurement results into
documentation by saving screen contents as *.bmp, *.png, *.jpg, or *.emf
files, and ­exporting these files into a text
processing system. Trace data can be
stored as *.snp, *.csv, or *.dat files and
­subsequently analyzed and processed
using other tools. In addition, *.snp and
*.csv files created by means of external
tools, for example, can be imported into
the ¸ZVA as stored trace data.
The ¸ZVA includes a universal equation editor for trace mathematics including even extensive functions. Using
these functions, you can link any active
traces and stored traces in a variety of
ways in ­realtime. This makes external
analysis programs unnecessary. You can
store the equations you have generated,
process them by means of external tools,
and reload them as required.
Equation editor
1)
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
A channel designates an independent set of test parameters including, for example, the sweep mode, test point
spacing, power, measurement bandwidth, and calibration technique. The number of channels is limited only
by the instrument‘s RAM capacity.
Calibration
Versatile calibration techniques
for all fields of application
The ¸ZVA not only offers classic TOSM calibration (Through, Open,
Short, Match), but also a variety of other
calibration techniques. Since each test
port of the ¸ZVA is equipped with
a reference receiver of its own, modern
7‑term calibration techniques can be
used. These include TRL/LRL (Through,
Reflect, Line/Line, Reflect, Line), TOM
(Through, Open, Match), TNA (Through,
Network, Attenuator), and TRM
(Through, Reflect, Match), which are
suitable for calibration in test fixtures or
on wafers. Since calibration is performed
directly on the DUT plane, any effects
from the test fixture are eliminated.
Automatic calibration – fast,
­error-free, and with high
­precision
While all manual calibration techniques
such as TOSM, TRM, and TRL can be
used for multiport measurements, ­they
are time-consuming, error-prone, and
lead to excessive wear of the calibration
standard. Rohde & Schwarz offers an automatic calibration unit for coaxial oneport and multiport calibration. The unit is
ready to operate immediately after being
connected and performs complete fourport calibration covering 201 test points
in less than 30 seconds.
Calibration unit
The ¸ZVA allows for any combination
between the analyzer‘s test port connectors and the connectors of the calibration
unit. The analyzer detects the connections automatically. Errors due to wrong
connections are a thing of the past.
connectors. User-specific adapters can
also be placed on the connectors of the
calibration unit, thus protecting the connectors against wear.
Adapter removal functionality
The ¸ZVA‘s firmware now also allows the recharacterization of calibration
units by the user. Moreover, it is possible
to characterize a calibration unit together with an adapter of any type. By treating the adapter as part of the calibration
unit, the ¸ZVA supports any combination of any connector types, which
means that the calibration unit itself can
be equipped with up to four different
The UOSM (Unknown Through, Open,
Short, Match) calibration technique allows a through-connection with unknown parameters to be used as a calibration standard. This makes it possible
to use any adapter with any types of connectors as a “U“ (adapter removal functionality), thus supporting calibration of a
DUT with different connector types.
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
Measurements on multiports and balanced components
Standard measurement mode:
virtual differential mode
The ¸ZVA characterizes balanced
DUTs with one or two balanced ports
quickly and accurately. The balanced
DUT is directly connected to the analyzer
test ports. Its unbalanced S-parameters
are measured, and the mixed-mode
S‑parameters are calculated from these
values.
The numerous traces and diagrams offered by the ¸ZVA provide full characterization of the DUT and straightforward display of all measurement
quantities. No sophisticated settings are
required on the part of the user. Convenient marker search and analysis functions facilitate result evaluation especially in the case of filter measurements, for
example by determining the filter parameters such as bandwidth, ripple, quality
factor, etc.
Display of mixed-mode S-parameters of a SAW filter; a configuration wizard configures all 9 or 16
S‑parameters at a few keystrokes
Output signals of two ¸ZVA ports in true differential mode (measured with an oscilloscope)
­using stimulus signals with 0° or 180° phase difference
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
True differential measurement
mode
Active components in particular may
show a distinctly different response to a
stimulus signal, depending on whether
the virtual (standard) or the true differential measurement mode is applied.
To obtain reliable results even for active
differential DUTs, the ¸ZVA-K6 option provides true differential stimulation and measurements. The test signals
delivered by the two internal generators are applied at the reference plane
simultaneously with 180° or 0° phase
difference. The measurements on the
selected test ports are performed simultaneously. The ¸ZVA-K6 option also
supports true phase imbalance and true
amplitude imbalance sweeps of the two
stimulus signals.
As with standard measurements, calibration is performed either manually using
a calibration kit, or automatically with a
calibration unit.
Dialog for configuring a balanced measurement: the true differential mode is selected at a single
mouse click
Virtual differential mode
True differential mode
Compression measurement of an amplifier – traces obtained for S21 in virtual and true differential
mode
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
Measurements on multiports and balanced components
Measurement wizard – step by
step to the test setup you want
Measuring multiports and balanced DUTs
by means of a network analyzer usually requires major configuration effort
on the part of the user, for example for
configuring the port topology, selecting
the parameters to be displayed, setting
the sweep mode, or choosing the appropriate calibration technique. With the
¸ZVA, a measurement wizard guides
you step by step through the test setup
to create the configuration you want,
queries all necessary inputs and offers
default settings for the measurement task
at hand. Using the wizard, you can completely configure the ¸ZVA to display
all 16 mixed-mode S-parameters of a balanced two-port in virtually no time.
Typical configuration steps
with the measurement wizard
Embedding/deembedding
– ­impedance matching using
­v irtual networks
Parameterizable network for virtual impedance
matching
10
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
Coaxial and balanced components such
as SAW filters, which are used in frontends of mobile phones, for example,
must be specified together with the networks that match them to the impedance
of the surrounding circuit. In addition,
parasitic effects, which occur when the
DUT is installed in its operational environment, can be simulated. Using special
algorithms, the ¸ZVA embeds the
DUT in virtual matching networks, and
also deembeds it to eliminate parasitic
effects such as caused by strip lines.
The ¸ZVA offers various types of
transformation networks. The values of
the network elements can be edited.
If you modify values of individual elements, the ¸ZVA immediately recalculates the network and (de)embeds
the DUT in the new network in quasi­realtime.
Alternatively, you can read *.s2p and
*.s4p files generated with CAE tools ­into
the ¸ZVA and use the data for embedding/deembedding.
Amplifier and mixer measurements
The ¸ZVA system concept, featuring
independent synthesizers, enables measurements on amplifiers and frequencyconverting DUTs such as mixers and
frontends. The measurements stand out
for their high versatility, wide dynamic
range, high speed, and accuracy.
Internal as well as several external generators can be configured, calibrated,
and controlled independently of one
another. The high spectral purity of the
source signals as well as the high intercept point and high sensitivity of the
receivers eliminate the need for external
filters in multitone measurements and
measurements on frequency-converting
DUTs.
Dialog for configuring multitone measurements
Large- and small-signal
­behavior in a single sweep
The ¸ZVA‘s high output power and
wide power sweep range of more than
50 dB (typ. 60 dB) allow the transmission and compression characteristics of
amplifiers and mixers to be determined
largely without any additional preamplifiers being required. This measurement
is carried out simply and quickly versus
frequency and power. The power sweep
range is traversed wear-free and without interruption, since no mechanical
attenuators have to be switched. Smalland large-signal behavior can thus be
displayed in a single sweep.
Intermodulation products of a frontend
Second internal source for
quick and easy intermodulation
and mixer measurements
The ¸ZVA four-port model provides a second independent source;
therefore, intermodulation measurements on amplifiers and conversion
gain measurements on mixers can be
performed without an external generator. The ¸ZVA receivers feature very
good power-handling capability and low
phase noise, which enables high-quality
intermodulation measurements requiring
only a minimum of external components.
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
11
Amplifier and mixer measurements
Hot S-parameter measurements
– ­optimization of amplifiers
­under load conditions
Power amplifiers must be characterized
under full load condition to ensure that
they are optimally matched to the load
connected to their output. To determine
S22 under realistic operating conditions, a stimulating signal is applied to
the amplifier input. A low-power signal
– which is the actual S22 test signal – is
applied to the amplifier output (i.e. in the
reverse direction). To separate the highpower output signal of the amplifier from
the reflected low-power signal, the two
sources are swept in parallel, but with
a small frequency offset. Thus, only the
desired S22 measurement signal passes
the IF filter. The ¸ZVA performs
this measurement with a wide dynamic
range due to the robust automatic level
control and the high selectivity and sensitivity of its receivers.
Test setup for an amplifier measurement – intermodulation products, S-parameters,
­compression, and harmonics
Conversion gain and
intermodulation measurements
on mixers at high speed and
with wide dynamic range
The four-port ¸ZVA requires only
one additional external source to perform intermodulation measurements on
mixers. The external source is ­controlled
via the analyzer‘s LAN or IEC/IEEE bus
interface. Using the frequency conversion option (¸ZVA-K4), you can
display a mixer‘s matching, conversion gain, isolation, group delay, and
intermodulation products versus frequency and power.
RF
IEC/IEEE bus
LO
IF
¸SMR
Test setup for a mixer measurement – conversion loss, isolation, matching, and intermodulation
products
12
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
Power measurements and
­scalar network analysis by
means of the ¸NRP
One or more power meters of the
¸NRP ­series can be directly connected to the ¸ZVA via the USB ­interface
or by using an active USB hub. The power meters are treated by the ¸ZVA
like additional test ports. The ¸ZVA
processes the measured values and displays them as traces versus frequency
or power. Besides adding power measurement inputs to the ¸ZVA, this
functionality allows measurements on
frequency-converting DUTs to be performed without access to, or knowledge
of, the DUT‘s internal LO, in the same
way as with a scalar network analyzer.
¸NRP
Test setup for a scalar mixer measurement
Features for amplifier measurements
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
◆
Bias-tees at all test ports
High output power at all test ports
Wide power sweep range
High 0.1 dB compression point
RMS and peak detector
Determination of n-dB compression point
Second independent source (four-port model) for
intermodulation measurements
Power added efficiency (PAE) measurement
Measurement of efficiency and stability factors
DC inputs for measuring supply currents and power
­detector characteristics
Intermodulation measurement versus frequency and power
(¸ZVA-K4)
Hot S-parameter measurements (¸ZVA-K4)
Generator and receiver step attenuators for expanding the
usable power range (¸ZVA-B2x/-B3x)
Power measurement with the ¸NRP power meter
Measurements on pulsed signals (average pulse,
point-in-pulse, pulse profile, ¸ZVA-K7/-B7)
Features for mixer measurements
◆ Conversion loss/gain, compression, intermodulation,
­isolation, and matching measurements versus frequency
and power (¸ZVA-K4)
◆ Relative phase and group delay measurements
◆ Second internal source available as LO for conversion gain
measurements
◆ Control of external generators from Rohde & Schwarz and
other manufacturers
◆ Editable ASCII driver file for creating customized drivers for
SCPI-compatible instruments
◆ Scalar network analysis by means of the ¸NRP power
meter
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
13
Options for enhanced flexibility, power, and dynamic range
Direct generator and receiver
access for all ports
Measurement receiver
¸ZVAx-B32
With the direct generator/receiver
­access options, the signal paths of the
receivers and generators are taken directly to the front panel. You have direct
access to the generators and receivers
of all reflectometers, since the internal
couplers are bypassed. With a fully configured ¸ZVA, i.e. with four ports, all
eight receivers can capture and process
measurement data in parallel.
Reference receiver
From generator
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
PORT 1
¸ZVAx-B31
Reference receiver
¸ZVAx-B21
¸ZVAx-B16
Direct generator and receiver access options (blue);
generator and receiver step attenuator options (red)
Since the couplers are bypassed and
therefore introduce no attenuation, sensitivity is increased by up to 10 dB in
the direct mode. This means that highblocking DUTs can be measured with a
dynamic range of up to 150 dB at 1 Hz
IF bandwidth.
14
Bias-tee
Measurement receiver
Up to 150 dB dynamic range
with ­direct receiver access
By connecting suitable external directional couplers, one- and two-port calibration techniques can be used to enhance measurement accuracy without
any significant loss in dynamic range.
PORT 2
¸ZVAx-B22
From generator
Generator and receiver step attenuators
are optionally available for each port
to expand the usable generator and receiver power ranges for compression
and intermodulation measurements. The
output power range at the test port can
be decreased down to <–100 dBm; the
compression-free input power range of
the receiver will increase to +27 dBm.
Bias-tee
Typical dynamic range with direct receiver access
Output power boosted to
+30 dBm for amplifier
­measurements
Measurement receiver
Reference receiver
Direct access to all generator and
­receiver paths allows the flexible configuration of complex external test sets.
Such test sets may include filters for
­improved harmonic suppression or amplifiers for boosting the output power.
The output power can be increased to
+30 dBm by looping a preamplifier into
the generator path and inserting suitable
attenuators in the measurement and reference paths.
Connecting external components (e.g.
amplifiers) ahead of the reference path
eliminates drift and temperature response in S-parameter measurements.
Moreover, all calibration techniques are
available, and the user fully benefits
from the advantages of high measurement accuracy and long-term stability.
Generator
The time domain option can be used in
conjunction with various window functions such as Hamming, Hann, Bohman,
or Dolph-Chebyshev.
PORT
The ¸ZVA with an external
test set including an amplifier
and a harmonics filter
Dialog for configuration of a time domain
­measurement
High-speed time domain
­analysis with enhanced
­resolution capability
Using the time domain option, you can,
for example, locate discontinuities in test
fixtures and cables and analyze them,
e.g. by means of a gated S-parameter
measurement. You can display impedance versus length, which is of interest in cable measurements. Due to the
¸ZVA‘s high computing power, the
time domain option barely slows down
sweep speed. Thus, this option allows
cavity resonator filters to be adjusted
quickly and easily.
Bias-tee
5 MHz receiver bandwidth
With conventional TDR methods, the
resolution, i.e. the width of reflectedsignal peaks and the rise time of step
responses, is limited by the network analyzer‘s frequency range. The ¸ZVA
does away with this limitation. Its linear
prediction function expands the frequency spectrum by way of computation. Using this function, you can analyze
considerably finer structures than was
previously possible due to the limitation
to the analyzer‘s actual frequency range.
This function also allows narrowband
and frequency-limited DUTs to be measured with higher accuracy.
The ¸ZVA has a maximum IF bandwidth of 1 MHz as standard. To reduce
measurement times even further, the
¸ZVA-K17 software option offers IF
bandwidths up to 5 MHz. This reduces
the net sampling time per point to approx.
430 ns. The option not only speeds up
measurements in the frequency domain.
It also provides improved performance for
point-in-pulse and pulse profile measurements on pulses of a few microseconds
length by means of easy-to-configure
standard CW or time sweeps, where the
S-parameters or amplitudes of pulses are
measured as a function of time.
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
15
Pulsed measurements – pulse profile measurements
The ¸ZVA performs typical pulsedsignal measurements such as point-inpulse or high-PRF-mode measurements
by means of the direct generator/receiver access and frequency conversion
options. The ¸ZVA-K7, ¸ZVA-B7
pulsed measurements option provides
a convenient, high-performance solution especially for pulse profile measurements 1): Even the profiles of very short
pulses with a duration far below 100
ns are represented with a resolution of
12.5 ns in the time domain. Traces are
updated at a high rate, which greatly facilitates adjustment procedures.
The ¸ZVA displays amplitude
characteristics (the powers measured
in the measurement and the reference channels, and their ratios), as
well as S-parameters in magnitude
and phase. Single pulses, double
pulses, or pulse ­sequences up to 3 ms
length (¸ZVA‑K7), or 25 ms length
(¸ZVB-B7) can easily be measured.
The option includes ­methods for compensating the group delay of the DUT,
which makes it possible to measure
pulses whose length is shorter than the
group delay of the DUT. IF bandwidths
up to 10 MHz are available for short
pulse edges 2).
Pulse profile measurement; amplitudes (i.e. powers of the reference and the measurement channel)
and S-parameter
1)
The ¸ZVA-K17 upgrade option may also be required, depending on the analyzer‘s manufacturing date.
Selectable up to 30 MHz with restrictions.
2)
IFBW
30 MHz
IF
Sampling rate
80 MHz
IF
A
DSP hardware
D
Principle of pulse profile
­measurements
The A/D converter outputs uncorrected
sampling values, which are first stored
in a high-speed buffer (RAM), and then
digitally processed block by block up
to the display (see blue arrows in block
diagram). Therefore, with sampling performed independently of signal processing, the pulse signal can be sampled at
the converter‘s maximum rate of 80 MHz.
16
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
NCO
DSP software
Ext. trigger
Int. trigger
RAM
LO
Principle of pulse profile measurements
Options
Designation
Type
Function
Oven Quartz (OCXO)
¸ZVAB-B4
Enhanced frequency accuracy
Time Domain (TDR)
¸ZVAB-K2
Location of discontinuities or determination of impedance characteristic versus
time/length, reflection and transmission measurements, gating function for eliminating discontinuities, linear prediction function for enhanced resolution
Generator Step Attenuator
for Port 1/2/3/4
¸ZVA8-B21/22/23/24
¸ZVA24-B21/22/23/24
¸ZVA40-B21/22/23/24
¸ZVA50-B21/22/23/24
Generator step attenuators for test ports 1 to 4;
70 dB in steps of 10 dB; Pmin = <–100 dBm (¸ZVA8, ¸ZVA24, ¸ZVA40)
50 dB in steps of 10 dB; Pmin = <–100 dBm (¸ZVA50)
Receiver Step Attenuator
for Port 1/2/3/4
¸ZVA8-B31/32/33/34
¸ZVA24-B31/32/33/34
¸ZVA40-B31/32/33/34
¸ZVA50-B31/32/33/34
Receiver step attenuators for test ports 1 to 4;
35 dB in steps of 5 dB; Pmax = 27 dBm
Direct Generator/Receiver Access
(all ports), 2-/4-Port Model
¸ZVA8-B16
¸ZVA24-B16
¸ZVA40-B16
¸ZVA50-B16
Direct access to the ¸ZVA internal generators and receivers for all ports of
the analyzer (internal couplers are bypassed)
Frequency Conversion
¸ZVA-K4
Measurements on frequency-converting DUTs: conversion gain, harmonics, and
intermodulation measurements on mixers and amplifiers;
¸ZVAB-B44 or VISA I/O BIB option is recommended for controlling external
generators
5 MHz Receiver Bandwidth
¸ZVA-K17
Offers up to 5 MHz IF bandwidth, thus providing shorter measurement times for
frequency, time, or CW sweeps; enhanced performance for point-in-pulse measurements
Pulsed Measurements
¸ZVA-K7
Enables pulse profile measurements: up to 3 ms recording of pulse profile versus
time with 12.5 ns resolution; measurement of magnitude and phase of S-parameters; offers up to 30 MHz IF bandwidth; includes ¸ZVA-K17
Pulsed Measurements
¸ZVA-B7
Enables pulse profile measurements: up to 25 ms recording of pulse profile versus
time with 12.5 ns resolution; includes ¸ZVA-K7
True Differential Measurements
¸ZVA-K6
Stimulation of balanced devices using true 180° and 0° phase-locked differential
signals supplied by the two internal generators of the ¸ZVA four-port model;
measures mixed-mode S-parameters, phase, etc; supports –180° to +180° true
phase and amplitude imbalance sweeps of the stimulus signals
USB-to-IEC/IEEE Adapter
¸ZVAB-B44
Adapter and driver software for controlling external generators by means of
the ¸ZVA via the GPIB interface; required, for example, for use with the
¸ZVA-K4 frequency conversion option
Visa I/O Library
VISA I/O BIB
Software library for controlling external generators by means of the ¸ZVA via
the LAN interface; required, for example, for use with the ¸ZVA-K4 frequency
conversion option
Converter WR10,
75 GHz to 110 GHz
¸ZVA-Z110
Converts the frequency range of an ¸ZVA24, ¸ZVA40 or ¸ZVA50
vector network analyzer to the range 75 GHz to 110 GHz. One or more external
¸ZVA-Z110 converters may be required. Bidirectional measurements on twoport DUTs, for example, require two ¸ZVA-Z110 converters.
Additional requirements: cable sets, waveguide calibration kits, ¸ZVA-K8 converter control software (for details refer to the ¸ZVA-Z110 data sheet)
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
17
Standard functions (overview)
Two or four test ports, one generator for each
pair of test ports
Integrated bidirectional RF test ports; test set configuration depends on analyzer model and is provided as
­standard in each case
Measured quantities
Complete S-parameter matrix, wave quantities, wave quantity ratios, impedances, admittances, Z- and Y-parameters of multiport DUTS, stability factors
Balanced measurements (standard mode)
Mixed-mode S-parameters, mixed-mode Z- and Y-parameters, impedances and admittances of balanced DUTs
Pulsed measurements
High PRF mode, point-in-pulse, pulse profile measurements with pulse duration of approx. 10 µs to 100 µs and
longer, by means of CW or time sweep; use of ¸ZVAxy-B16 and ¸ZVA-K4 options recommended
Calibration techniques
TOSM, TRL/LRL, TOM, TRM, TNA, normalization, one-path two-port; UOSM for calibration with an unknown
through-connection (includes adapter removal function) automatic calibration (¸ZV-Z51/-Z52/-Z53/-Z54)
Power calibration
Enhanced power accuracy; calibration of test sets and preamplifiers; for frequency and power sweeps; requires
an external power meter; maximum convenience with ¸NRP power sensors with USB interface
Power measurement and scalar network analysis ¸NRP power sensors can be connected directly to the USB ports and are treated like additional test inputs;
display of power versus frequency or versus power; enables wideband scalar network analysis
Automatic level control (ALC)
Controls the output power by means of the signal fed to the reference channel; corrects preamplifier drift as well
as power uncertainty due to mismatch; provides enhanced power accuracy and linearity
Active test set (PORT BIAS)
Input of DC power for supply of amplifiers via inner conductor of test port; requires external DC power supply
DC inputs
Measurement inputs for DC voltage, enabling PAE measurements
User support for calibration
Calibration manager; performance of selective calibration steps instead of complete recalibration; definition of
calibration kits by means of equivalent circuit model or using S-parameters of calibration standards
Large number of diagrams, traces, and channels
More than 100 traces and channels can be created and assigned to diagrams as required
Preloading of setups; setup swap
Simultaneous loading of several instrument setups into RAM; fast switchover between instrument setups, manually or by IEC bus control
Segmented sweep, lin/log sweep
Optimization of sweeps for important DUT measurement parameters
Power sweep, compression measurements
50 dB power sweep range for compression measurements
CW mode
Sweeps with fixed power and frequency. Shortest measurement time less than 3.5 µs per test point; for measuring pulsed components or settling times
Time sweep
Determination of measured quantities as a function of time
60 001 points per trace
(100 001 points on request)
High sweep resolution, narrow test point grid
IF bandwidths 1 Hz to 1 MHz
Optimization of measurement speed and dynamic range
Online support functions
Context-sensitive online help; UNDO function for canceling the last user operations; Windows XP key for accessing the operating system; complete listing of current instrument setup including calibration
User guidance
Step-by-step guidance to desired instrument setup, including calibration if required (measurement wizard)
Convenient execution of control software
Execution of macros, as well as control or analysis programs, at a keystroke
Trace mathematics, equation editor
Functions for online computation of measured data using complex equations, for adjustments and for statistical
evaluation (rms, MaxHold, etc)
Marker functions, trace statistics, limit lines
Ten markers per trace, individually configurable. Comprehensive analysis functions and online trace data evaluation. Generation of limit lines from traces, data import and export for limit lines
Trigger functions
Triggers for sweeps, sweep segments, test points, or partial measurements
Interfaces (2 × LAN, 4 × USB, IEC-BUS,
FRQ-REF, MONITOR, USER CONTROL, DIGITAL
INTERFACE, EXT TRIGGER)
Control of the ¸ZVA; control of external devices or handlers by means of the ¸ZVA; fast TTL handler and
sequence control; connection of peripherals, e.g. printer or storage media (see also interface description); indication of measurement time
Embedding/deembedding
Inclusion of virtual matching networks, parasitic effects, etc; correction of the influence of test set components;
parameterizable predefined networks and/or import of S-parameter files in order to define (matching) networks
Adapter removal
Enables calibration using different types of connectors in the reference planes, e.g. N ↔ 3.5 mm; this function is
possible by applying the UOSM calibration technique, which allows an adapter with unknown parameters to be
used as a through-connection (“Unknown Through”); O, S, and M calibration is required for the different connector types at both ends
18
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
Interface description
Interface
Function
LAN 1
Control of the ¸ZVA or subnetwork with the ¸ZVA as the master,
8-pin RJ-45 ­connector
LAN 2
Control of the ¸ZVA or subnetwork with the ¸ZVA as the master,
8-pin RJ-45 ­connector
IEC-BUS
Remote control of the ¸ZVA
PORT BIAS
Input of DC power for supply of amplifiers via inner conductor of test port; one
input and fuse per RF port; BNC connectors
USB
Standard 1.1 USB double port (for mouse, keyboard, printer, storage media, etc)
10 MHz REF
Reference frequency I/O: 10 MHz reference can be input from, or output to,
­external devices; BNC connector
DC MEAS
Measurement inputs for DC voltage and PAE measurements; input voltage
­ranges ±1 V and ±10 V; Mini DIN connectors; required ­cable: ¸ZV-Z71 (option)
MONITOR
For external VGA monitor; standard VGA connector
USER CONTROL
TTL I/O signals: sweep status indication, pass/fail indication, indication of active test port, indication of active channel by channel bits, trigger signals for fast
control of external devices, e.g. generators, handshake with handlers, sequence
control without programming effort; 25-pin D-Sub connector
EXT TRIGGER
Input of external TTL trigger signal for starting a sweep, sweep segment, test
point, or partial measurement; BNC connector
Rear view of the ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
19
Ordering information
Designation
Type
Frequency range
Order No.
Vector Network Analyzer, 2 ports, 8 GHz, N
¸ZVA8
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1145.1110.08
Vector Network Analyzer, 4 ports, 8 GHz, N
¸ZVA8
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1145.1110.10
Vector Network Analyzer, 2 ports, 24 GHz, 3.5 mm
¸ZVA24
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1145.1110.24
Vector Network Analyzer, 4 ports, 24 GHz, 3.5 mm
¸ZVA24
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1145.1110.26
Vector Network Analyzer, 2 ports, 40 GHz, 2.4 mm
¸ZVA40
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1145.1110.43
Vector Network Analyzer, 2 ports, 40 GHz, 2.92 mm
¸ZVA40
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1145.1110.40
Vector Network Analyzer, 4 ports, 40 GHz, 2.4 mm
¸ZVA40
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1145.1110.45
Vector Network Analyzer, 4 ports, 40 GHz, 2.92 mm
¸ZVA40
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1145.1110.42
Vector Network Analyzer, 2 Ports, 50 GHz, 2,4 mm
¸ZVA50
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1145.1110.50
Vector Network Analyzer, 4 Ports, 50 GHz, 2,4 mm
¸ZVA50
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1145.1110.52
Direct Generator/Receiver Access, 2-Port Model, 8 GHz
¸ZVA8-B16
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0209.08
Direct Generator/Receiver Access, 4-Port Model, 8 GHz
¸ZVA8-B16
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0209.10
Direct Generator/Receiver Access, 2-Port Model, 24 GHz
¸ZVA24-B16
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0209.24
Direct Generator/Receiver Access, 4-Port Model, 24 GHz
¸ZVA24-B16
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0209.26
Direct Generator/Receiver Access, 2-Port Model, 40 GHz
¸ZVA40-B16
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1164.0209.40
Direct Generator/Receiver Access, 4-Port Model, 40 GHz
Base units1)
Options
¸ZVA40-B16
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1164.0209.42
Direct Generator/Receiver Access for 2-Port Model 50 GHz ¸ZVA50-B16
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1164.0209.50
Direct Generator/Receiver Access for 4-Port Model 50 GHz ¸ZVA50-B16
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1164.0209.52
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 1, for ¸ZVA8
¸ZVA8-B21
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0009.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 2, for ¸ZVA8
¸ZVA8-B22
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0015.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 3, for ¸ZVA8
¸ZVA8-B23
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0021.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 4, for ¸ZVA8
¸ZVA8-B24
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0038.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 1, for ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA24-B21
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0109.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 2, for ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA24-B22
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0115.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 3, for ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA24-B23
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0121.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 4, for ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA24-B24
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0138.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 1, for ¸ZVA40
¸ZVA40-B21
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1302.5409.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 2, for ¸ZVA40
¸ZVA40-B22
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1302.5415.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 3, for ¸ZVA40
¸ZVA40-B23
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1302.5421.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 4, for ¸ZVA40
¸ZVA40-B24
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1302.5438.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 1, for ¸ZVA50
¸ZVA50-B21
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1305.5616.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 2, for ¸ZVA50
¸ZVA50-B22
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1305.5622.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 3, for ¸ZVA50
¸ZVA50-B23
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1305.5639.02
Generator Step Attenuator, Port 4, for ¸ZVA50
¸ZVA50-B24
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1305.5645.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 1, for ¸ZVA8
¸ZVA8-B31
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0044.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 2, for ¸ZVA8
¸ZVA8-B32
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0050.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 3, for ¸ZVA8
¸ZVA8-B33
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0067.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 4, for ¸ZVA8
¸ZVA8-B34
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0073.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 1, for ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA24-B31
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0144.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 2, for ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA24-B32
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0150.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 3, for ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA24-B33
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0167.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 4, for ¸ZVA24
¸ZVA24-B34
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0173.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 1, for ¸ZVA40
¸ZVA40-B31
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1302.5444.02
20
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
Designation
Type
Frequency range
Order No.
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 2, for ¸ZVA40
¸ZVA40-B32
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1302.5450.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 3, for ¸ZVA40
¸ZVA40-B33
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1302.5467.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 4, for ¸ZVA40
¸ZVA40-B34
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1302.5473.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 1, for ¸ZVA50
¸ZVA50-B31
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1305.5716.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 2, for ¸ZVA50
¸ZVA50-B32
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1305.5722.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 3, for ¸ZVA50
¸ZVA50-B33
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1305.5739.02
Receiver Step Attenuator, Port 4, for ¸ZVA50
¸ZVA50-B34
10 MHz to 50 GHz
1305.5745.02
75 GHz to 110 GHz
1307.7000.02
Converter WR10 (one unit)
¸ZVA-Z110
Converter Control Software 5)
¸ZVA-K8
1307.7022.02
Oven Quartz (OCXO)
¸ZVAB-B4
1164.1757.02
Time Domain (TDR)
¸ZVAB-K2
1164.1657.02
Frequency Conversion ¸ZVA-K4
1164.1863.02
Pulsed Measurements, 3 ms recording time,
for all ¸ZVA 3)
¸ZVA-K7
1164.1511.02
Pulsed Measurements, 25 ms recording time,
for all 2-port ¸ZVA 4)
¸ZVA-B7
1164.1492.02
Pulsed Measurements, 25 ms recording time,
for all 4-port ¸ZVA 4)
¸ZVA-B7
1164.1492.03
Upgrade of Trigger Hardware 6)
¸ZVA-UK7
1164.1463.02
2)
5 MHz Receiver Bandwidth
¸ZVA-K17
1164.1070.02
True Differential Measurements 7)
¸ZVA-K6
1164.1540.02
USB-to-IEC/IEEE Adapter
¸ZVAB-B44
1302.5544.02
Visa I/O Library
VISA I/O BIB
1161.8473.02
Extras
Calibration Kits
Calibration Kit, N, 50 Ω
¸ZCAN
0 Hz to 3 GHz
0800.8515.52
Calibration Kit, N, 50 Ω
¸ZV-Z21
0 Hz to 18 GHz
1085.7099.02
Calibration Kit, 3.5 mm
¸ZV-Z32
0 Hz to 26.5 GHz
1128.3501.02
Calibration Kit, 3.5 mm (with sliding matches)
¸ZV-Z33
0 Hz to 26.5 GHz
1128.3518.02
TRL Supplementary Calibration Kit, N, 50 Ω
¸ZV-Z26
0.2 GHz to 18 GHz
1085.7318.02
TRL Supplementary Calibration Kit, 3.5 mm
¸ZV-Z27
0.4 GHz to 26.5 GHz
1085.7401.02
Calibration Kit, 2.92 mm
¸ZV-Z34
0 GHz to 40 GHz
1128.3530.02
Calibration Kit, 2.92 mm (with sliding matches)
¸ZV-Z35
0 GHz to 40 GHz
1128.3547.02
Calibration Kit, 2.4 mm
¸ZV-Z36
0 Hz to 50 GHz
1305.5900.02
Calibration Kit, N (m), 50 Ω
¸ZV-Z121
0 Hz to 8 GHz
1164.0496.02
Calibration Kit, N (f), 50 Ω
¸ZV-Z121
0 Hz to 8 GHz
1164.0496.03
Calibration Kit, 3.5 mm (m), 50 Ω
¸ZV-Z132
0 Hz to 8 GHz
1164.1092.02
Calibration Kit, 3.5 mm (f), 50 Ω
¸ZV-Z132
0 Hz to 8 GHz
1164.1092.03
Waveguide Calibration Kit WR10
(without sliding match)
¸ZV-WR10
75 GHz to 110 GHz
1307.7100.10
Waveguide Calibration Kit WR10
(with sliding match)
¸ZV-WR10
75 GHz to 110 GHz
1307.7100.11
Calibration Unit, 4 Ports, 3.5 mm (f), 8 GHz
¸ZV-Z51
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0515.30
Calibration Unit, 4 Ports, N (f), 8 GHz
¸ZV-Z51
300 kHz to 8 GHz
1164.0515.70
Calibration Unit, 4 Ports, 3.5 mm (f), 24 GHz
¸ZV-Z52
10 MHz to 24 GHz
1164.0521.30
Calibration Unit, 2 Ports, N (f), 18 GHz
¸ZV-Z53
300 kHz to 18 GHz
1164.0473.72
Calibration Unit, 2 Ports, 2.92 mm (f)
¸ZV-Z54
10 MHz to 40 GHz
1164.0467.92
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
21
Ordering information
Designation
Type
Frequency range
Order No.
N (m) /N (m), 50 Ω, 0.6 m/1 m 8)
¸ZV-Z91
0 Hz to 18 GHz
1301.7572.25/38
N (m) /3.5 mm (m), 50 Ω, 0.6 m/1 m 8)
¸ZV-Z92
0 Hz to 18 GHz
1301.7589.25/38
3.5 mm (f) /3.5 mm (m), 0.6 m/1 m ¸ZV-Z93
0 Hz to 26.5 GHz
1301.7595.25/38
2.92 mm (f) /2.92 mm (m), 0.6 m/1 m 8)
¸ZV-Z95
0 Hz to 40 GHz
1301.7608.25/38
2.4 mm (f) / 2.4 mm (m), 0.6 m
¸ZV-Z97
0 Hz to 50 GHz
1301.7637.25
N (m) /N (m), 50 Ω, 0.6 m/0.9 m 8)
¸ZV-Z191
0 Hz to 18 GHz
1306.4507.24/36
N (m) /3.5 mm (m), 50 Ω, 0.6 m/0.9 m ¸ZV-Z192
0 Hz to 18 GHz
1306.4513.24/36
3.5 mm (f) /3.5 mm (m), 0.6 m/0.9 m 8)
¸ZV-Z193
0 Hz to 26.5 GHz
1306.4520.24/36
¸ZV-Z195
0 Hz to 40 GHz
1306.4536.24/36
N (m), 50 Ω
¸ZV-Z41
1.7 GHz to 18 GHz
1085.8095.02
N (f), 50 Ω
¸ZV-Z41
1.7 GHz to 18 GHz
1085.8095.03
3.5 mm (m/f pair)
¸ZV-Z42
2 GHz to 26.5 GHz
1128.3524.02
2.92 mm (m/f pair)
¸ZV-Z44
4 GHz to 40 GHz
1128.3553.02
Test Cable
8)
8)
2.92 mm (f) /2.92 mm (m), 0.6 m/0.9 m 8)
Sliding Matches
Hardware and measurement add-ons
USB Keyboard
¸PSL-Z2
1157.6870.04
USB Mouse
¸PSL-Z10
1157.7060.03
Cable for DC Input
¸ZV-Z71
1164.1005.02
19" Rack Adapter
¸ZZA-611
1096.3302.00
Removable Flash Disk (for FMR6/5) 8)
¸ZVAB-B18
1164.0715.02
2nd Removable Flash Disk
¸ZVAB-B19
1164.1111.02
Removable Flash Disk (for FMR7/3, FMR7/6)
¸ZVAB-B18
1164.0715.03
Upgrade Kit for Control Unit (FMR6/5 to FMR7/6) ¸ZVx-U1
1305.4610.02
Upgrade Kit for Control Unit (FMR7/3 to FMR7/6))
¸ZVAB-U76
1305.4610.04
Control Unit FMR7/6 ex factory
¸ZVAB-B76
1305.4610.03
8)
Manual (in printed form)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
1)
2)
1145.1084.12
Operating manual on CD ROM and quick start guide supplied as standard with the ¸ZVA.
The ¸ZVAB-B44 option is required for controlling external generators via GPIB; the VISA I/O BIB option is required for controlling external generators via LAN.
Includes ZVA-K17
Includes ZVA-K7
Includes ZVA-K4
Depending on the manufacturing date of the ¸ZVA, the ¸ZVA-K7 option may require the ¸ZVA-UK7 option. Contact your local Rohde & Schwarz office details.
Requires ¸ZVA four-port model.
One cable.
All ¸ZVA analyzers will be equipped as standard with an FMR7/3 control unit as of September 2007. The FMR7/6 control unit with higher performance can be installed optionally.
22
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
¸ZVA Vector Network Analyzer
23
Certified Environmental System
ISO 9001
ISO 14001
DQS REG. NO 1954 QM
DQS REG. NO 1954 UM
For data sheet, see PD 5213.5680.22
and www.rohde-schwarz.com
(search term: ZVA)
www.rohde-schwarz.com
Europe: +49 1805 12 4242, [email protected]
Americas: 1-888-837-8772, [email protected]
Asia: +65 65 130 488, [email protected]
¸is a registered trademark of Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG · Trade names are trademarks of the owners · Printed in Germany (ed)
PD 5213.5680.12 · ¸ZVA · Version 04.00 · February 2008 · Data without tolerance limits is not binding · Subject to change
Certified Quality System
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