To All Employees - Form Management

To All Employees - Form Management

GENERAL SAFETY POLICY

To All Employees

You must report any unsafe conditions or acts to your

Labor Finders office management.

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GENERAL SAFETY POLICY

I. To All Personnel

Our policy is that every employee and all property are entitled to maximum protection from controllable hazards. This company is totally committed to safety and loss control, and it is our intention that each employee shall work under the safest conditions possible. We will work closely with each of our customers in maintaining a safe work environment and equipment that is free from recognized hazards, report any un-safe practices or situation immediately to the onsite supervisor and your local Labor Finders management.

We will provide you with appropriate information, general safety training, and personal protection equipment so that you can perform your job in a safe and proper manner, our customers will provide you with specific safety training that pertains to the job site(s) you will be working on.

Most accidents can be avoided by using common sense and personal initiative. It is not our intention that you should perform any task that you believe is unsafe. Supervisors in charge of each operation have been instructed to teach and guide employees who are unfamiliar with safe operations and practices. Many accidents occur when employees take short cuts and ignore established safety rules and regulations. No employee should ignore established safety rules when performing an assigned task.

Established safety rules and regulations are to be followed at all times.

This company is responsible for complying with all safety regulations implemented by federal, state and local agencies. The information contained in this Safety Policy sets forth safety rules and procedures to be followed by all company employees. While this Policy will help you recognize and avoid obvious hazards, it cannot cover all situations. When in doubt, consult with your supervisor for guidance. Each employee shall be responsible for his or her performance and adherence to our safety rules. Failure to do so can lead to disciplinary action or dismissal.

II. Duties and Responsibilities

The success of any safety program depends upon a number of factors. The company, upper

management, safety director, supervisors and employees must assume a degree of responsibility for the

success of the program. Each segment of the company has the responsibility of assuring the success of

the program. The attitude of all parties is very important to the success of the program. No employee is to be

assigned to any task that he or she is not made aware of the hazards associated with the assigned task.

No employee is to be allowed to perform any task which cannot be made safe and which places the

employee in danger of injury.

Ill. General Safety Rules

The company has developed these safety rules patterned after the Federal OSHA requirements. Read and become familiar with these rules and other safety rules that apply to your job.

1.

Report any injury to your employer/supervisor immediately.

2.

Report any observed unsafe condition to your employer supervisor.

3.

Horseplay is prohibited at all times

0. Drinking of alcoholic beverages and/or the use of any illegal substance is not permitted on the job. Any employee discovered under the influence of alcohol or drugs will not be permitted to work.

4.

If you do not have current First Aid Training, do not move or treat any injured person unless there is an immediate peril, such as profuse bleeding or stoppage of breathing.

5.

Appropriate clothing and footwear must be worn on the job at all times.

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An approved hard hat must be worn when the hazard of falling objects exists.

6. You should not perform any task unless you are trained to do so and are aware of the hazards associated with that task.

1. You may be assigned certain personal protective safety equipment. This equipment should be available for use on the job, be maintained in good condition and be worn when required.

2.

Learn safe work practices. When in doubt about performing a task safely, contact your supervisor for instructions and training.

11 The riding of a hoist hook, or on other equipment not designed for such purposes, is prohibited at all times.

12. Never remove or by-pass safety devices.

13. Do not approach operating machinery from the blind side; let the operator see you.

14. Learn where fire extinguishers and first aid kits are located.

15. Maintain a general condition of good housekeeping in all work areas at all times.

16. Obey all traffic regulations when operating vehicles on public highways.

17. When operation or riding in a company vehicles or using your own personal vehicle for business purposes, wear the vehicle's seatbelt.

18. Be alert to hazards that could affect you and your fellow employees.

19. Obey safety signs and tags.

20. Always perform your assigned task in the safe and proper manner; do not take shortcuts. Taking shortcuts and ignoring established safety rules is a leading cause of employee injury.

IV. Electrical Hazards

Electrical current will flow to ground by the path of least resistance whether it is through the employee from becoming a path of resistance.

A. All extension cords should be inspected for defects each month. Each electrical cord should be marked, or tagged, in such a manner that the month and year of the last cord inspection can be determined.

B.

All extension cords and temporary wiring must be three- wire conductor and connected only to a properly grounded outlet component.

C.Know whether circuits (wires) are energized before beginning work near any exposed electrical wiring or components.

D.

Do not make electrical repairs, connections, or installations unless you are qualified to do so.

E.

All extension cords must be inspected before use. Damaged cords are not to be used, are to be taken out of service and reported to the supervisor.

F.

Protect extension cords and wiring from damage by sharp corners and pinching or by being runover.

G.

Do not wear metal or conductive hard hats when working near exposed overhead wires or other exposed electrical wiring and components.

0. Do not use any electrical power tools that are not properly grounded or double insulated. Do not use any electrical power tools that have the electrical cord plug ground prong missing.

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V. Emergency Preparedness

In order to respond to emergencies, the company and location must be prepared.

A. Each location should have a written emergency response plan. The emergency response plan should identify different types of emergencies that could occur at the location, what response will be taken to each of these emergencies, who is responsible to notify needed emergency response services and those who are assigned to oversee and administer the emergency response program. The plan should be placed and maintained in an Emergency Response Plan folder for a period of at least 18 months.

0.

Emergency phone numbers should be posted for medical emergency, fire, police and ambulance service.

B. Periodic emergency drills should be held so that employees will know how to respond to various emergencies. The minimum period between drills should be not more than six (6) months. A written record of all drills held at the company's location should be maintained in the Emergency Response Plan

Folder for a period of at least 18 months.

D. The emergency response plan should be reviewed by management on a periodic basis to make certain it is current and that it reflects current operations.

E.

Upon the evacuation of the location, an accounting of all personnel should be determined.

F.

If a response to a particular emergency requires the shutting down of equipment, specific individuals should be assigned to carry out the required shutdown task.

0. Where practical, an emergency response team should be formed and trained. Needed equipment for such a response should be assembles and maintained at predetermined locations.

G. If the location has any individuals who are handicapped, then an individual(s) should be assigned the task of assisting the handicapped person in evacuation the location.

VI. Eye Protection

Within the workplace there exists hazards that could cause an injury to the eye. In certain instances, the resulting injury could result in blindness.

A.

Employees should use eye protection when required to do so and where any eye hazards could be encountered.

0. The correct type of eye protection should be used for the conditions encountered. The safety glasses, goggles and face shields should be properly worn, fit properly, not distort or limit vision, cleaned on a regular basis and constructed of tempered, impact-resistant glass or plastic.

A. When required to wear eye protection because of exposure of chemicals, the employee should wear contact lenses only when the eyes are protected by a full face shield or goggles. The employee is further advised that contact lenses should be removed if the eye must be flushed out because of chemical contamination. The contact lenses should be removed during the flushing process and not before beginning the flushing process.

D. The employee should not be exposed to chemical hazards unless an approved eye wash station is available.

VII. Fire Protection and Prevention

A. Each location should have an adequate complement of UL approved portable fire extinguishers.

Portable fire extinguishers should be of the A:B:C: type and should be provided in all buildings.

B. The minimum rating for portable fire extinguishers should be not less than 2A:20BC. At least one extinguisher should be provided for every building and every floor such that the maximum distance to an extinguisher is no more than

75

feet and there is at least one extinguisher provided for every 3,000 square feet of floor area. (Example: A building of 4,000 square feet on one floor would require two portable extinguishers.) Portable extinguishers in office type settings may have a minimum rating of 1A:1OBC instead of 2A:2OBC.

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0.

Portable extinguishers which are placed in computer rooms or adjacent to delicate electronic equipment should be of the inert gas type, such as Halon.

A.

Portable extinguishers should be located such that they are mounted and visible.

C. All portable fire extinguishers should be inspected annually. An inspection tag should be attached to each extinguisher that indicates extinguisher inspection. Besides an annual inspection of portable extinguisher by a qualified individual, each extinguisher should be inspected monthly to make certain that it is at its assigned location and that it is fully charged.

B.

Employees should be trained in the different types of fires, different types of extinguishers and the proper operation of the extinguisher in putting out a fire.

C.

Employees are to obey all

No Smoking

signs.

D.

Use only approved containers for the storage of flammable liquids.

E.

Wash parts only in approved solvents never use gasoline.

J.

Do not store flammable liquids in areas used as passageways, stairways, or exits.

K.

All combustible materials (wood, paper, liquid) should be kept at least ten (10) feet away from gas fired heaters.

L.

All flammable liquids, not for immediate use, should be properly stored in either a flammable liquids cabinet or flammable liquid storage room.

VIII. Hand Power Tools

A.

Inspect all tools before using. Do not use defective tools.

B.

Use tools only for their designed application.

C.

Do not use tools with mushroomed heads, sloppy connections, split or broken handles or that has other defects.

D.

Make sure electrical tools are grounded, are double insulated or have an operable ground fault interrupter in the circuit.

E.

Disconnect tools and machines from their power source before making adjustments or attachment changes.

F.

All air powered tools must have safety clips or retainers on all connectors.

G. Power actuated tools are to be used ONLY by trained, certified employees.

H. When using woodworking machines or saws use guards or push sticks when possible. The employee should not place his/her fingers closer than three (3) inches to rotating blade.

I.

Do not remove guard or safety devices or use power tools which have defective or missing safety devices.

J.

Inspect abrasive wheels for cracks, chips, or other defects before mounting.

K.

Employees should not use any power tools unless they have been checked out and are qualified to use it.

IX. Housekeeping and Maintenance

A.

Work area should be kept free of objects on the ground or floor to reduce hazard of slips and falls.

B.

Oil and grease should not be allowed to remain on walking surfaces, but should be cleaned up immediately.

C.

Oily rags should be placed in closed metal containers until disposed.

D.

Passageways, ramps and stairways should not be used for storage areas and should be kept clear at all

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times.

E.

Work areas, exits and aisle spaces should not be used for storage areas and should be kept clear at all times.

F.

Electrical cords should not run across walkways.

G. Specific storage areas should be established, and all materials should be stored using proper and safe storage methods.

H.

Worn or frayed carpet, open seams and curled edges should not be permitted.

I.

There should be no loose floor tiles or mats.

J. Walking surfaces should be kept clear of debris, lint, dust, oil, paint or spray residue, granular materials, sand, mud, ice and other slippery, traction-robbing materials.

K.

Standing water should not be permitted on any walk surface.

L.

Adequate lighting should be provided so that employees can perform their assigned task in safety.

0. Adequate ventilation should be provided to prevent any accumulation of noxious fumes or flammable vapors.

M. Refuse should be removed from the building on a regular basis and stored away from the building until picked up and disposed.

0. Accumulations of ice and snow should be removed from parking lot areas and sidewalks on a timely basis to prevent slips and falls.

P. Exterior sidewalks and parking areas should be provided with adequate illumination.

Q. All building exits should be properly marked and a means of emergency lighting should be provided within the building.

R. Boiler rooms, utility rooms and other similar type rooms should not be used for the storage of combustible

materials. Combustible materials could fall or be tipped over and come into contact with a water heater or boiler flame.

X. Ladders, Scaffolds, and Platforms

A. Before each use, all ladders should be inspected for damaged rungs, split or cracked side rails. Faulty ladders should be tagged and taken out of service.

B. All portable ladders should be inspected on a regular basis. When ascending or descending a ladder,

the employee should face the ladder.

C. Ladders placed in doorways, walkways or other congested areas should be barricaded or guarded.

D. The top of portable ladders should be extended 36 inches above the landing to be secured. If the ladder is a special hanging type unit, then this requirement is waived.

E. If employees work from special hanging ladders, the employees should be protected from falling. A safety line, safety belt and lanyard, or safety harness should be used.

F. All straight ladders should have non-skid feet and be securely tied off or held by another employee.

G. Metal ladders are not to be used where there is a possibility of electrical contact.

Scaffolds and Platforms

H. All scaffolds should be erected on a firm foundation adequate for the load and plumb.

I. All bracing should be placed BEFORE the scaffold is loaded.

J. Top rails and mid rails should be in place before employees are allowed to work from any scaffold over

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six (6) feet in height. Where there exists the danger of objects falling from the scaffold and striking individuals below, the boards also are to be used.

K. No employees should work from a scaffold or platform more than six (6) feet in height without having handrails in place or having the employee tied off.

L. Scaffold and platform planks should not be less than two - 2x10 inches wide. The scaffold plank ends should overlap a minimum of 12 inches or be secured from movement.

M. When working on suspended scaffolding, the employee must be tied off at all times to an independent life line which is independent of the scaffold suspension.

0. No employee should remain on a wheeled scaffold while the scaffold is being moved. After the scaffold has been moved, the wheels should be secured to prevent movement.

Xl. Machine Guarding

A. Only equipment that is OSHA approved and that has all required guards should be purchased and used in the workplace.

B. Employees should be instructed to use provided machine guards and not remove them.

C. Fixed machine guards from moving parts and point of operation protection devices should be inspected on a regular schedule.

D. Any machine which had a guard removed or is not in safe operating condition should be taken out of service until repaired or the missing guard(s) in place.

XII. Material Handling

A. Stack materials so they will not slide. Roll, fall or collapse

B. Always allow good access to stored materials

C. Store flammable materials apart from other materials.

D. Never store excess amounts of materials on scaffolds or platforms.

E. Remove all projecting nails from lumber before stacking or bend nails over before discarding

F. Always block cylinder shaped materials to prevent rolling

G. Never secure wire rope with a knot

H. Wire rope will be spliced only in accordance with applicable OSHA safety regulations and accepted industry standards.

I.

Install all cable clamps (clips) with the "U" bolt on the dead or short end of the cable. Never alternate clamps; use a minimum of three clips in all cases.

XIII. Welding and Cutting

The performing of welding and cutting operations exposes the employee to certain hazards. Such operations also expose structures and items to damage by fire. When performing welding and cutting operations, follow these safety rules:

Gas Welding and Cutting

A. When performing gas welding and cutting operations, a portable fire extinguisher should be immediately available.

0. Gas cylinders should never be moved or stored unless valve protection caps are in place. Exceptions:

When the gas cylinders are secured to wheeled carts.

B. Store and move cylinders in a secured upright position.

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A.Do not take cylinders into confined spaces.

B.Make sure regulators, hoses, couplings and tip connections are in good condition (no breaks, damaged or cracked glass, or oil contamination).

C.

Do not interchange hose connections between fuel gas and oxygen

D.

Do not use matches or hot work to light torches.

E.Do not weld or cut in or near flammable materials, especially paint, dusts, gases or vapors.

F. Do not use compressed gas for comfort, cooling, blowing dust from clothing, or for cleaning off work areas.

G. Always wear suitable eye and face protection when engaged in welding, cutting or heating materials.

H.

When leaving torch unattended, turn off gas valves at cylinders.

I. Check area before and after welding for fire hazards.

C. To prevent back flash, back flash preventers should be installed between the torch and the gas cylinders.

Some newer gas cylinder regulators have built-in back flash preventers.

J. Report faulty or defective equipment to your supervisor.

Arc Welding

A. When performing arc welding and cutting operations, a portable fire extinguisher should be immediately available.

B. Always wear proper eve and face protection. Gas welding goggles are not adequate protection against arc welding rays.

0. Know proper eye and face protection. Gas welding goggles are not adequate protection against arc welding rays.

A.Inspect cables and electrode holders for exposed conductors or cracked insulation.

Repair as needed.

B.Report faulty or defective equipment to your supervisor.

C. Make sure grounding is adequate. Never wrap leads around parts of your body.

C.

Use a proper safety harness or belts when working in elevated locations that are six (6) feet or more above the ground or work platform

D. Be sure the unit is unplugged before making adjustments to any part of the electric welding equipment.

E.Do not look at welding operations without wearing adequate eye protection.

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Poisoning from carbon monoxide

(referenced by the chemical symbol CO) can go undetected though a person might be

experiencing symptoms every day. We are not all of equal health so it is vital we all have gainful knowledge about what CO is, how it is formed, how it gets to where it is breathed in and how we can reduce exposures. CO can come from

common unburned hydrocarbon fuels (referenced by the chemical symbols C

& H). These fuels include gasoline, natural gas, heating oil, propane, wood, charcoal and similarly familiar products.

Carbon monoxide is a poison.

It is often referenced as “The Silent killer” in that CO is odorless, tasteless and invisible. It is very important to know that some common odors also contain harmful or deadly levels of carbon monoxide. These odors may be around us every day and because of their commonality might be why they are often overlooked as hazardous or the contributing factor to some everyday illness symptoms.

It is of primary importance that the health symptoms and the effects of CO poisoning are clearly understood,

recognized, tested for, and remediated. Carbon monoxide at high concentrations is a deadly poison and in lesser concentrations can cause illness symptoms for all people especially those who have vulnerable health issues. This booklet contains general information specific to carbon monoxide and suggestions for detection and prevention. Everyone is vulnerable to CO poisoning.

How does Carbon Monoxide harm you?

Quite simply, carbon monoxide prevents oxygen from being used by your body. Every part of our body needs oxygen. Air is made up of approximately 20.9% oxygen and 79% nitrogen. The hemoglobin within our blood carries oxygen to every cell in our body. With a good diet, fresh air and working parts, a human has an ability to maintain equilibrium and a healthy metabolism.

If harmful amounts of carbon monoxide are in the air you breathe it takes the

place of oxygen as it transfers to the blood through the respiratory system. This displacement of oxygen in your blood begins a process that generates a free radical or a disassociated molecule reaction. At lower poisonous levels the symptoms are slower reaction time, weak muscular movement

& dexterity, hampered visual focus, headache or nausea and may be immediate symptoms or poisonous enough to cause heart stresses in compensation for the loss of oxygen. CO poisoning has the potential of harming your central nervous system because of the disruption of oxygen delivery.

When carbon monoxide is inhaled into the lungs and bonds with hemoglobin in blood, it forms

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Carboxyhemoglobin (COHb). This displacement of oxygen in the blood stream will affect all major organs and muscles.

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Always pay attention to the air you breathe.

Carbon monoxide has many everyday sources.

Remember CO is odorless, however it can be present within the common everyday “smells” of combustion & exhaust systems. For instance automotive exhaust from a vehicle left running in a garage is an especially dangerous practice and is even more dangerous if the garage is attached to a house, apartment or any building.

People have been sickened or died while keeping their vehicles running while talking, sleeping or romantically occupied. Factors that contribute to this type of poisoning are as simple as prevailing winds bringing exhaust into the vehicle or deep snow, mud, ditches and walls restricting the safe exhaust away from the vehicle.

You may be exposed to CO poisoning when you burn charcoal, lamp oil, alcohol or camping gas in an enclosed tent, camper or room. You may also be exposed to CO when there is cigar, cigarette or pipe tobacco smoke. Garbage, leaf, brush or forest fires also can produce sickening to deadly levels of carbon monoxide.

Combustion gas from propane fueled forklifts, floor buffers & power washers can also contain poisonous levels of carbon monoxide.

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Your home or building may contain malfunctioning oil, gas or wood furnaces, water heaters,

space heaters, cooking systems or fireplaces that are already producing large amounts of CO.

The misuse of gasoline powered electric generators is resulting in

the death & injury to people at work and during power outages.

Use them cautiously, safely and far away from buildings, campers

& your air. Never use outdoor barbecue’s inside. Never use gas or gasoline powered tools inside. Be careful with unvented portable heaters.

DO NOT USE UNVENTED SYSTEMS INDOORS

FOR EMERGENCY HEAT!

A carbon monoxide alarm/detector should be used

whenever a combustion system is used. The choice of alarms, detectors and monitors may be a matter of life, better health or death. Your awareness is a matter of life or death!

There are approximately 50,000 Emergency Room

visits for CO poisoning in the USA annually. More and more states and communities are requiring carbon monoxide alarms in living quarters, including motels. Though many of these laws are limited in their protective scope, they are a start at society recognizing a method to encourage safe practices to the si‐ lent killer. Many of these laws are named with recognition to children and other loved one’s who have died from carbon monoxide.

Every day of the year CO news reports from around the world underline the prevalence and common occurrences of accidental poisonings. Often these deaths and illnesses could have been prevented if the people affected were more aware or better educated in the realities of this deadly gas. Perhaps if the building had a carbon monoxide alarm the injury could have been avoided.

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How much CO is too much?

The health effects can vary significantly due to age, sex, weight and overall state of health.

CO is measured in Parts per Million or PPM; out of a million molecules of air, how many are carbon monoxide. The time given respective to the levels referenced in this chart, are for healthy people unless otherwise stated.

12,000 PPM

Death within 1 – 3 minutes

1,600 PPM

Nausea within 20 minutes, death within 1 hour

800 PPM

Nausea and convulsions – death within 2 hours

400 PPM

Frontal headaches within 1‐2 hours; life threatening within 3 hours;

UL 2034

alarms should sound within 4 and 15 minutes.

200 PPM

NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health Administration) A worker will not be exposed to more than this amount.

150 PPM

UL 2034 Listed alarms must respond within a range of 10 to 50 minutes if this concentration or higher is present.

70 PPM

If CO at this level for 50 minutes up to 4 hours, UL 2034 alarm should be sounding.

50 PPM

Maximum average level for continuous exposure in an 8 hour workday per federal law.

35 PPM

8 hour exposure TWA (time weighted average); NIOSHA (National Institute of

Occupational Safety and Health Administration) of the CDC (Center for Disease Control).

10–35 PPM

Marginal ‐ Small children, elderly, and those suffering respiratory or heart problems are cautioned if these are chronic exposures concentrations. May increase heart stresses.

25 PPM

8 hour TWA limit; ACGIH (American Conference Of Governmental Industrial Hygienists)

9 PPM

This concentration is often measured around busy city streets & intersections.

1-9 PPM It may be difficult to avoid those often occurring spikes in transient or chronic CO levels without life-style changes.

What are the symptoms of CO poisoning? Consult with your physician!

Carbon monoxide poisoning mimics many common illnesses, such as the flu and food poisoning. The following is a list of common symptoms.

· headaches · loss of hearing · dizziness · depression · blurry vision · cardiac arrest

· disorientation· respiratory failure · weakness · vomiting · coma · painful discomfort

· loss of consciousness ·muscle aches & soreness · memory disorders · seizures

· nausea · rapid heartbeat

This list is not meant to serve as a diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning. It is meant to provide general information on poisoning symptoms. Oxidative stress causes a chain reaction in the body due to the interruption of oxygen intake.

Carbon monoxide poisoning is best treated with supplemental oxygen or pressurized oxygen in a hyperbaric chamber where CO is forced out of the hemoglobin of the blood. The longer

CO stays in the body, the more disruption in body functions and symptoms are likely.

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Traditional testing for carbon monoxide

required a blood sample and might be a reason why low level symptoms were ignored.

Non‐invasive testing

is quick, painless and accurate; as simple as testing the end of your finger with a spot test. Ask your doctor.

The human body naturally produces some carbon monoxide endogenously or from within.

Carbon monoxide measured in the blood determines the per cent of CO in the hemoglobin of your blood. This measurement gives the caregiver a carboxyhemoglobin % (COHb%). Normal COHb% levels with non‐smokers are in the 1‐3% COHb range.

Smokers can be in the 1‐15% range, depending upon how much they smoke. Ask your doctor to give you a baseline COHb% test.

Most people don’t think of themselves as combustion systems, but they are. Air is approximately

20.9% oxygen and almost 79% nitrogen. The food we eat and drink is made of predominantly hydrogen, carbon & proteins. When we mix the oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen & proteins into our system we generate heat & energy and exhaust gases, similar to an oil burning combustion system.

Since humans are not perfect combustion systems, some levels of CO are produced. 1 to 3% COHb is often referenced as “normal”. Baseline & periodic testing can verify “normal”. Normal is specific to measured levels outside in air in PPM and in blood by % when exogenous (outside) sources are limited.

Do you know someone who doesn’t test the air they work in?

Every technician entering a building should recognize health symptoms associated with carbon

monoxide exposures. They should also be aware that if they are not monitoring the CO levels they are working in, their own safety may be in jeopardy. What’s the value in not testing?

Who is responsible for the air you breathe?

The health effects of CO

poisoning are related to the concentration, length of exposure and overall health of the

victim.

Some workplace environments have more exposure to CO than others. New studies

indicate that chronic, low level exposure can have serious health consequences and may be misdiagnosed. These may be nagging symptoms which are often self‐treated with medication and might be masking more serious problems. Get tested for CO; If you don’t test for it, you won’t know! The test is simple. If you have a symptom, test! It is your health that is at stake.

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After a known carbon monoxide poisoning has occurred

it is sometimes difficult to determine the source. The source may no longer be in the building. The buildings may have been tightened & ventilation systems put on timers to save energy. These measures can trap pollutants inside for long periods of time after the completion of the task. The fuel powered buffers, pressure washers or delivery systems may have been taken or put away after their use.

Buildings operate like chimneys.

The buildings we live and work in also have currents of air and air pressure in them that could cause occasional generation and dispersion of CO from appliance chimney reversals. A building pressure test verifies the condition.

Warmer, less dense air rises in the structure. Air leaks out of the holes near the top of the structure (exfiltration) and leaks into the holes near the bottom of the structure (infiltration). This driving force is sufficient to back‐draft combustion equipment and distribute combustion gases. The building may be leaky!

When exhaust fans (bathroom, kitchen, clothes dryer, attic fans) operate they may exceed some gas, oil or wood furnace or water heater’s draft pressure and result in combustion gas dispersion and perhaps carbon monoxide exposures & poisoning inside the home or building. Have your home pressure tested when your appliances are tested.

What can I do to protect myself and my family?

This booklet contains many cautions.

It is highly recommended that unvented combustion systems be used with caution and with carbon monoxide and perhaps CO2 (carbon dioxide) monitors to ensure healthy air. Don’t start and leave running cars, generators, trucks, or other vehicles in an enclosed area especially the garage. Even with the big doors open it can still be dangerous. CO can also get into rooms above! Keep generators far away from windows, doors and other entries into buildings.

Every home should have at least one carbon monoxide detector that is more sensitive to the health needs of vulnerable populations.

It is very important to know that CO Alarms Listed by the UL 2034 Standards may not

be the best for some people of vulnerable health. They are not required to sound off until 70 PPM of CO is present for as long as 4 hours. They do not meet OSHA workplace standards for alarming. The test button does not tell you

the sensor works, just that the audible sound works. U.L. requires listed alarms to notify consumers by product package instructions that suggest people of vulnerable health use a better alarm than that listed as U.L. 2034. COSA describes these people to include: pregnant women, infants and people with heart or respiratory complications, chronic depression or similar symptoms described in this brochure.

Gas & oil furnaces and water heaters and fireplace chimneys can get blocked by snow, bird nests or accidental clogging and can result in carbon monoxide production and eventual poisoning.

Have your furnace and other fuel burning appliances tested and inspected by a qualified professional once a year or before each heating season to each manufacturer’s measurable standards found in the instructions. You should

receive a measurement report verifying what tests were taken and the results. A certified professional should have a variety of certifications and continuing education credentials available for consumer viewing. The real certification is in the work performed that is verified and documented. Don’t assume classroom certifications achieved by heating contractors equal work performed. The technicians still has to do the work & conduct the tests. If they don’t or can’t,

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don’t pay for the service. Find out what tests will be performed before you schedule service.

Don’t wait until illness symptoms occur or until something breaks! Have your appliances checked at least annually.

Get a baseline on your house and your family. BE SAFE! If you are sick, go to the doctor and get tested.

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