VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1
MAKING MODERN LIVING POSSIBLE
Operating Instructions
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW
Contents
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Contents
1 Safety
4
2 Introduction
5
2.1 Purpose of the Manual
7
2.2 Product Overview
7
2.3 Internal Frequency Converter Controller Functions
7
2.4 Frame Sizes and Power Ratings
8
3 Installation
9
3.1 Installation Site Check List
9
3.2 Pre-installation Check List
9
3.3 Mechanical Installation
9
3.3.1 Cooling
9
3.3.2 Lifting
10
3.3.3 Mounting
10
3.3.4 Tightening Torques
10
3.4 Electrical Installation
11
3.4.1 Requirements
13
3.4.2 Earth (Grounding) Requirements
14
3.4.2.1 Leakage Current (>3.5 mA)
14
3.4.2.2 Grounding Using Shielded Cable
14
3.4.3 Access
14
3.4.4 Motor Connection
15
3.4.4.1 Motor Connection for A2 and A3
16
3.4.4.2 Motor Connection for A4/A5
17
3.4.4.3 Motor Connection for B1 and B2
17
3.4.4.4 Motor Connection for C1 and C2
17
3.4.5 AC Mains Connection
18
3.4.5.1 Mains Connection for A2 and A3
18
3.4.5.2 Mains Connection for A4/A5
19
3.4.5.3 Mains Connection for B1 and B2
20
3.4.5.4 Mains Connection for C1 and C2
20
3.4.6 Control Wiring
21
3.4.6.1 Control Terminal Types
21
3.4.6.2 Wiring to Control Terminals
22
3.4.6.3 Using Screened Control Cables
22
3.4.6.4 Jumper Terminals 12 and 27
23
3.4.6.5 Terminal 53 and 54 Switches
23
3.4.6.6 Terminal 37
23
3.4.7 Serial Communication
27
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1
Contents
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
4 Start Up and Functional Test
4.1 Pre-start
28
4.1.1 Safety Inspection
28
4.2 Applying Power to the Frequency Converter
30
4.3 Basic Operational Programming
30
4.3.1 Set-up Wizard
30
4.4 PM Motor Setup
36
4.5 Automatic Motor Adaptation
37
4.6 Check Motor Rotation
37
4.7 Local-control Test
38
4.8 System Start Up
38
5 User Interface
39
5.1 Local Control Panel
39
5.1.1 LCP Layout
39
5.1.2 Setting LCP Display Values
40
5.1.3 Display
40
5.1.4 Navigation Keys
41
5.1.5 Operation Keys
41
5.2 Back Up and Copying Parameter Settings
41
5.2.1 Uploading Data to the LCP
42
5.2.2 Downloading Data from the LCP
42
5.3 Restoring Default Settings
42
5.3.1 Recommended Initialisation
42
5.3.2 Manual Initialisation
42
5.4 How to Operate
43
5.5 Remote Programming with MCT 10 Set-up Software
43
6 Programming
2
28
44
6.1 Introduction
44
6.2 Programming Example
44
6.3 Control Terminal Programming Examples
45
6.4 International/North American Default Parameter Settings
46
6.5 Parameter Menu Structure
47
6.5.1 Quick Menu Structure
48
6.5.2 Main Menu Structure
50
7 Application Set-Up Examples
54
7.1 Introduction
54
7.2 Set-up Examples
54
7.2.1 Compressor
54
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Contents
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
7.2.2 Single or Multiple Fans or Pumps
54
7.2.3 Compressor Pack
56
8 Status Messages
57
8.1 Status Display
57
8.2 Status Message Definitions Table
57
9 Warnings and Alarms
60
9.1 System Monitoring
60
9.2 Warning and Alarm Types
60
9.3 Warning and Alarm Displays
60
9.4 Warning and Alarm Definitions
62
10 Basic Troubleshooting
10.1 Start Up and Operation
11 Specifications
70
70
73
11.1 Power-dependent Specifications
73
11.2 General Technical Data
80
11.3 Fuse Tables
85
11.3.1 Branch Circuit Protection Fuses
85
11.3.2 Substitute Fuses for 240 V
85
11.4 Connection Tightening Torques
86
Index
87
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
3
1 1
Safety
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
1 Safety
WARNING
Symbols
The following symbols are used in this manual.
HIGH VOLTAGE!
Frequency converters contain high voltage when
connected to AC mains input power. Installation, start up,
and maintenance should be performed by qualified
personnel only. Failure to perform installation, start up, and
maintenance by qualified personnel could result in death
or serious injury.
High Voltage
Frequency converts are connected to hazardous mains
voltages. Extreme care should be taken to protect against
shock. Only trained personnel familiar with electronic
equipment should install, start, or maintain this equipment.
WARNING
UNINTENDED START!
When the frequency converter is connected to AC mains,
the motor may start at any time. The frequency converter,
motor, and any driven equipment must be in operational
readiness. Failure to be in operational readiness when the
frequency converter is connected to AC mains could result
in death, serious injury, equipment, or property damage.
Unintended Start
When the frequency converter is connected to the AC
mains, the motor may be started by means of an external
switch, a serial bus command, an input reference signal, or
a cleared fault condition. Use appropriate cautions to
guard against an unintended start.
WARNING
WARNING
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury. It may
also be used to alert against unsafe practices.
CAUTION
Indicates a situation that may result in equipment or
property-damage-only accidents.
NOTE
Indicates highlighted information that should be regarded
with attention to avoid mistakes or operate equipment at
less than optimal performance.
Approvals
Table 1.2
DISCHARGE TIME!
Frequency converters contain DC link capacitors that can
remain charged even when AC mains is disconnected. To
avoid electrical hazards, remove AC mains from the
frequency converter before doing any service or repair and
wait the amount of time specified in Table 1.1. Failure to
wait the specified time after power has been removed
before doing service or repair on the unit could result in
death or serious injury.
Voltage (V)
Minimum waiting time (minutes)
4
15
200-240
1.1-3.7 kW
5.5-37 kW
380-480
1.1-7.5 kW
11-75 kW
525-600
0.75-7.5 kW
11-75 kW
High voltage may be present even when the warning LEDs are
off!
Table 1.1 Discharge Time
4
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Introduction
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
2 Introduction
130BB492.10
2 2
1
2
3
4
18
5
17
16
6
15
8
7
8
9
14
10
13
11
12
Illustration 2.1 Exploded View A Size
1
LCP
10 Motor output terminals 96 (U), 97 (V), 98 (W)
2
RS-485 serial bus connector (+68, -69)
11 Relay 1 (01, 02, 03)
3
Analog I/O connector
12 Relay 2 (04, 05, 06)
4
LCP input plug
13 Brake (-81, +82) and load sharing (-88, +89) terminals
5
Analog switches (A53), (A54)
14 Mains input terminals 91 (L1), 92 (L2), 93 (L3)
6
Cable strain relief/PE ground
15 USB connector
7
Decoupling plate
16 Serial bus terminal switch
8
Grounding clamp (PE)
17 Digital I/O and 24 V power supply
9
Shielded cable grounding clamp and strain relief
18 Control cable cover plate
Table 2.1
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
5
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
13
12
2 2
11
2
10
DC-
DC+
1
06 05 04
03 02 01
9
8
61
68
39
42
Remove jumper to activate
50
53
54
Safe Stop
Max. 24 Volt !
12
3
13
18
19
27
29
32
33
20
7
4
6
5
17
18
FAN MOUNTING
QDF-30
19
16
15
Illustration 2.2 Exploded View B and C Sizes
1
LCP
11
Relay 2 (04, 05, 06)
2
Cover
12
Lifting ring
3
RS-485 serial bus connector
13
Mounting slot
4
Digital I/O and 24 V power supply
14
Grounding clamp (PE)
5
Analog I/O connector
15
Cable strain relief / PE ground
6
Cable strain relief/PE ground
16
Brake terminal (-81, +82)
7
USB connector
17
Load sharing terminal (DC bus) (-88, +89)
8
Serial bus terminal switch
18
Motor output terminals 96 (U), 97 (V), 98 (W)
9
Analog switches (A53), (A54)
19
Mains input terminals 91 (L1), 92 (L2), 93 (L3)
10
Relay 1 (01, 02, 03)
Table 2.2
6
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
14
130BB493.10
Introduction
Introduction
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
2.1 Purpose of the Manual
Area
This manual is intended to provide detailed information for
the installation and start up of the frequency converter.
3 Installation provides requirements for mechanical and
electrical installation, including input, motor, control and
serial communications wiring, and control terminal
functions. 4 Start Up and Functional Test provides detailed
procedures for start up, basic operational programming,
and functional testing. The remaining chapters provide
supplementary details. These details include user interface,
detailed programming, application examples, start-up
troubleshooting, and specifications.
1
Title
Mains input
•
2 2
2
Rectifier
•
The rectifier bridge converts
the AC input to DC current to
supply inverter power
3
DC bus
•
Intermediate DC-bus circuit
handles the DC current
4
DC reactors
•
Filter the intermediate DC
circuit voltage
•
•
•
Prove line transient protection
•
Reduce harmonics on the AC
input
•
•
Stores the DC power
2.2 Product Overview
A frequency converter is an electronic motor controller
that converts AC mains input into a variable AC waveform
output. The frequency and voltage of the output are
regulated to control the motor speed or torque. The
frequency converter can vary the speed of the motor in
response to system feedback, such as changing
temperature or pressure for controlling fan, compressor, or
pump motors. The frequency converter can also regulate
the motor by responding to remote commands from
external controllers.
Functions
Three-phase AC mains power
supply to the frequency
converter
5
Capacitor bank
Reduce RMS current
Raise the power factor
reflected back to the line
Provides ride-through
protection for short power
losses
6
Inverter
•
Converts the DC into a
controlled PWM AC waveform
for a controlled variable
output to the motor
7
Output to motor
•
Regulated three-phase output
power to the motor
8
Control circuitry
•
2.3 Internal Frequency Converter Controller
Functions
Input power, internal
processing, output, and motor
current are monitored to
provide efficient operation
and control
•
Illustration 2.3 is a block diagram of the frequency
converter's internal components. See Table 2.3 for their
functions.
User interface and external
commands are monitored and
performed
•
Status output and control can
be provided
In addition, the frequency converter monitors the system
and motor status, issues warnings or alarms for fault
conditions, starts and stops the motor, optimizes energy
efficiency, and offers many more control, monitoring, and
efficiency functions. Operation and monitoring functions
are available as status indications to an outside control
system or serial communication network.
Table 2.3 Frequency Converter Internal Components
Illustration 2.3 Frequency Converter Block Diagram
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
7
2 2
Introduction
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
2.4 Frame Sizes and Power Ratings
Frame Size (kW)
Volts
A2
A3
A4
A5
B1
B2
B3
B4
C2
C3
C4
200-240
1.1-2.2
3.0-3.7
1.1-2.2
1.1-3.7
5.5-11
15
5.5-11
15-18.5
18.5-30
37-45
22-30
37-45
380-480
1.1-4.0
5.5-7.5
1.1-4.0
1.1-7.5
11-18.5
22-30
11-18.5
22-37
37-55
75-90
45-55
75-90
525-600
n/a
1.1-7.5
n/a
1.1-7.5
11-18.5
22-30
11-18.5
22-37
37-55
75-90
45-55
75-90
Table 2.4 Frames Sizes and Power Ratings
8
C1
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
3 Installation
3.3 Mechanical Installation
•
The frequency converter relies on the ambient air
for cooling. Observe the limitations on ambient
air temperature for optimal operation
•
Ensure that the installation location has sufficient
support strength to mount the frequency
converter
•
Keep the frequency converter interior free from
dust and dirt. Ensure that the components stay as
clean as possible. In construction areas, provide a
protective covering. Optional IP55 (TYPE 12) or
IP66 (NEMA 4) enclosures may be necessary.
•
Keep the manual, drawings, and diagrams
accessible for detailed installation and operation
instructions. It is important that the manual is
available for equipment operators.
•
Locate equipment as near to the motor as
possible. Keep motor cables as short as possible.
Check the motor characteristics for actual
tolerances. Do not exceed
•
300 m (1000 ft) for unshielded motor
leads
•
150 m (500 ft) for shielded cable.
3 3
3.3.1 Cooling
•
To provide cooling airflow, mount the unit to a
solid flat surface or to the optional back plate
(see 3.3.3 Mounting)
•
Top and bottom clearance for air cooling must be
provided. Generally, 100-225 mm (4-10 in) is
required. See Illustration 3.1 for clearance
requirements
•
Improper mounting can result in over heating
and reduced performance
•
Derating for temperatures starting between 40 °C
(104 °F) and 50 °C (122 °F) and elevation 1000 m
(3300 ft) above sea level must be considered. See
the equipment Design Guide for detailed
information.
130BA419.10
3.1 Installation Site Check List
a
3.2 Pre-installation Check List
•
Compare the model number of unit on the
nameplate to what was ordered to verify the
proper equipment
•
Ensure each of the following are rated for same
voltage:
Mains (power)
Frequency converter
b
Motor
•
Ensure that the frequency converter output
current rating is equal to or greater than motor
full load current for peak motor performance
Motor size and frequency converter
power must match for proper overload
protection
If frequency converter rating is less than
motor, full motor output cannot be
achieved
Illustration 3.1 Top and Bottom Cooling Clearance
Enclosure
A1-A5
B1-B4
C1, C3
C2, C4
a/b [mm]
100
200
200
225
Table 3.1 Minimum Airflow Clearance Requirements
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
9
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
3 3
•
Check the weight of the unit to determine a safe
lifting method
•
Ensure that the lifting device is suitable for the
task
•
If necessary, plan for a hoist, crane, or forklift with
the appropriate rating to move the unit
•
130BA228.10
3.3.2 Lifting
A
For lifting, use hoist rings on the unit, when
provided
3.3.3 Mounting
•
•
Mount the unit vertically
•
Ensure that the strength of the mounting location
will support the unit weight
•
Mount the unit to a solid flat surface or to the
optional back plate to provide cooling airflow
(see Illustration 3.2 and Illustration 3.3)
•
Improper mounting can result in over heating
and reduced performance
•
Use the slotted mounting holes on the unit for
wall mounting, when provided
Illustration 3.3 Proper Mounting with Railings
NOTE
Back plate is needed when mounted on railings.
3.3.4 Tightening Torques
See 11.4 Connection Tightening Torques for proper
tightening specifications.
130BA219.10
The frequency converter allows side by side
installation
A
Illustration 3.2 Proper Mounting with Back Plate
Item A is a back plate properly installed for required
airflow to cool the unit.
10
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
3.4 Electrical Installation
This section contains detailed instructions for wiring the
frequency converter. The following tasks are described.
Wiring the motor to the frequency converter
output terminals
•
Wiring the AC mains to the frequency converter
input terminals
3 Phase
power
input
DC bus
+10Vdc
After power has been applied, checking input
and motor power; programming control terminals
for their intended functions
Illustration 3.4 shows a basic electrical connection.
(U) 96
(V) 97
(W) 98
(PE) 99
Switch Mode
Power Supply
24Vdc
15mA
200mA
+ +
-
88 (-)
89 (+)
50 (+10 V OUT)
(R+) 82
Motor
Brake
resistor
(R-) 81
S201
ON
53 (A IN)
0/4-20 mA
S202
relay1
ON=0-20mA
OFF=0-10V
03
ON
54 (A IN)
1 2
0-10Vdc
0/4-20 mA
•
91 (L1)
92 (L2)
93 (L3)
95 PE
1 2
0-10Vdc
Connecting control and serial communication
wiring
130BA544.11
•
•
02
55 (COM A IN)
240Vac, 2A
01
relay2
12 (+24V OUT)
13 (+24V OUT)
06
05
P 5-00
18 (D IN)
24V (NPN)
0V (PNP)
19 (D IN)
24V (NPN)
0V (PNP)
(COM A OUT) 39
20 (COM D IN)
24V (NPN)
0V (PNP)
24V
ON
0V
29 (D IN/OUT)
S801
1 2
24V
400Vac, 2A
04
(A OUT) 42
27 (D IN/OUT)
240Vac, 2A
Analog Output
0/4-20 mA
ON=Terminated
OFF=Open
5V
24V (NPN)
0V (PNP)
0V
S801
0V
32 (D IN)
24V (NPN)
0V (PNP)
33 (D IN)
24V (NPN)
0V (PNP)
RS-485
Interface
(P RS-485) 68
RS-485
(N RS-485) 69
(COM RS-485) 61
(PNP) = Source
(NPN) = Sink
*
37 (D IN)
Illustration 3.4 Basic Wiring Schematic Drawing.
NOTE
For additional information, see Table 3.4.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
11
3 3
3 3
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BB607.10
2
1
3
4
5
6
10
9
L1
L2
L3
PE
U
V
W
PE
8
7
Illustration 3.5 Typical Electrical Connection
1
PLC
6
Min. 200 mm (7.9 in) between control cables, motor and mains
2
Frequency converter
7
Motor, 3-phase and PE
3
Output contactor (Generally not recommended)
8
Mains, 3-phase and reinforced PE
4
Earth (grounding) rail (PE)
9
Control wiring
5
Cable insulation (stripped)
10
Equalising min. 16 mm2 (0.025 in)
Table 3.2
NOTE
Use min. 10 mm2 cables for optimal EMC.
12
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BB447.10
3.4.1 Requirements
WARNING
EQUIPMENT HAZARD!
Rotating shafts and electrical equipment can be hazardous.
All electrical work must conform to national and local
electrical codes. It is strongly recommended that installation, start up, and maintenance be performed only by
trained and qualified personnel. Failure to follow these
guidelines could result in death or serious injury.
3 3
Stop
CAUTION
Start
WIRING ISOLATION!
Line
Power
Speed
Run input power, motor wiring and control wiring in three
separate metallic conduits or use separated shielded cable
for high frequency noise isolation. Failure to isolate power,
motor and control wiring could result in less than
optimum frequency converter and associated equipment
performance.
Motor
Separate Conduit
Control
Illustration 3.6 Proper Electrical Installation Using Conduit
For your safety, comply with the following requirements.
Electronic controls equipment is connected to
hazardous mains voltage. Extreme care should be
taken to protect against electrical hazards when
applying power to the unit.
•
Run motor cables from multiple frequency
converters separately. Induced voltage from
output motor cables run together can charge
equipment capacitors even with the equipment
turned off and locked out.
•
All frequency converters must be provided with
short-circuit and over-current protection. Input
fusing is required to provide this protection, see
Illustration 3.7. If not factory supplied, fuses must
be provided by the installer as part of installation.
See maximum fuse ratings in 11.1 Powerdependent Specifications.
Overload and Equipment Protection
•
•
An electronically activated function within the
frequency converter provides overload protection
for the motor. The overload calculates the level of
increase to activate timing for the trip (controller
output stop) function. The higher the current
draw, the quicker the trip response. The overload
provides Class 20 motor protection. See
9 Warnings and Alarms for details on the trip
function.
Because the motor wiring carries high frequency
current, it is important that wiring for mains,
motor power, and control are run separately. Use
metallic conduit or separated shielded wire.
Failure to isolate power, motor, and control
wiring could result in less than optimum
equipment performance. See Illustration 3.6.
Fuses
L1
L2
L3
91
92
93
130BB460.10
•
L1
L2
L3
GND
Illustration 3.7 Frequency Converter Fuses
Wire Type and Ratings
•
All wiring must comply with local and national
regulations regarding cross-section and ambient
temperature requirements.
•
Danfoss recommends that all power connections
be made with a minimum 75° C rated copper
wire.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
13
See 11.1 Power-dependent Specifications for
recommended wire sizes.
3.4.2 Earth (Grounding) Requirements
WARNING
Earth grounding must be reinforced in one of the
following ways:
•
•
Two separate earth ground wires both complying
with the dimensioning rules
See EN 60364-5-54 § 543.7 for further information.
GROUNDING HAZARD!
For operator safety, it is important to ground the
frequency converter properly in accordance with national
and local electrical codes as well as instructions contained
within this document. Ground currents are higher than 3.5
mA. Failure to ground the frequency converter properly
could result in death or serious injury.
Using RCDs
Where residual current devices (RCDs), also known as earth
leakage circuit breakers (ELCBs), are used, comply with the
following:
Use RCDs of type B only which are capable of
detecting AC and DC currents
Use RCDs with an inrush delay to prevent faults
due to transient earth currents
NOTE
•
Follow all local and national electrical codes to
ground electrical equipment properly
•
Proper protective grounding for equipment with
ground currents higher than 3.5 mA must be
established, see 3.4.2.1 Leakage Current (>3.5 mA)
•
A dedicated ground wire is required for input
power, motor power and control wiring
•
Use the clamps provided with the equipment for
proper ground connections
•
Do not ground one frequency converter to
another in a “daisy chain” fashion
•
Keep the ground wire connections as short as
possible
•
Using high-strand wire to reduce electrical noise
is recommended
•
Follow motor manufacturer wiring requirements
3.4.2.1 Leakage Current (>3.5 mA)
Follow national and local codes regarding protective
earthing of equipment with a leakage current > 3.5 mA.
Frequency converter technology implies high frequency
switching at high power. This will generate a leakage
current in the earth connection. A fault current in the
frequency converter at the output power terminals might
contain a DC component which can charge the filter
capacitors and cause a transient earth current. The earth
leakage current depends on various system configurations
including RFI filtering, screened motor cables, and
frequency converter power.
EN/IEC61800-5-1 (Power Drive System Product Standard)
requires special care if the leakage current exceeds 3.5 mA.
Dimension RCDs according to the system configuration and environmental considerations
3.4.2.2 Grounding Using Shielded Cable
Earthing (grounding) clamps are provided for motor wiring
(see Illustration 3.8).
M
L1
91 L2 L3
92
93
A
I
N
130BA266.10
It is the responsibility of the user or certified electrical
installer to ensure correct grounding (earthing) of the
equipment in accordance with national and local electrical
codes and standards.
14
Earth ground wire of at least 10 mm2
S
RELAY 2
•
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
RELAY 1
3 3
Installation
+D
C
BR
- B
99
MO
U TOR
V W
- LC -
Illustration 3.8 Grounding with Shielded Cable
3.4.3 Access
CAUTION
Device damage through contamination
Do not leave the frequency converter unconvered.
•
Remove access cover plate with a screw driver.
See Illustration 3.9.
•
Or remove front cover by loosening attaching
screws. See Illustration 3.10.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
3.4.4 Motor Connection
130BT248.10
Installation
WARNING
INDUCED VOLTAGE!
Run output motor cables from multiple frequency
converters separately. Induced voltage from output motor
cables run together can charge equipment capacitors even
with the equipment turned off and locked out. Failure to
run output motor cables separately could result in death
or serious injury.
Illustration 3.10 Control Wiring Access for A4, A5, B1, B2, C1 and
C2 Enclosures
For maximum wire sizes see 11.1 Power-dependent
Specifications
•
Comply with local and national electrical codes
for cable sizes
•
Motor wiring knockouts or access panels are
provided at the base of IP21 and higher
(NEMA1/12) units
•
Do not install power factor correction capacitors
between the frequency converter and the motor
•
Do not wire a starting or pole-changing device
between the frequency converter and the motor
•
Connect the 3-phase motor wiring to terminals
96 (U), 97 (V), and 98 (W)
•
Ground the cable in accordance with grounding
instructions provided
•
Torque terminals in accordance with the
information provided in
•
Follow motor manufacturer wiring requirements
The three following illustrations represent mains input,
motor, and earth grounding for basic frequency converters.
Actual configurations vary with unit types and optional
equipment.
130BA266.10
130BT334.10
Illustration 3.9 Control Wiring Access for A2, A3, B3, B4, C3 and
C4 Enclosures
•
See Table 3.3 before tightening the covers.
IP20
IP21
IP55
IP66
A4/A5
-
-
2
2
B1
-
*
2.2
2.2
B2
-
*
2.2
2.2
C1
-
*
2.2
2.2
C2
-
*
2.2
2.2
I
N
S
RELAY 1
Frame
A
RELAY 2
M
L1
91 L2 L3
92
93
+D
C
BR
- B
99
* No screws to tighten
- Does not exist
MO
U V TOR
W
- LC -
Table 3.3 Tightening Torques for Covers (Nm)
Illustration 3.11 Motor, Mains and Earth Wiring for A-Frame Sizes
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
15
3 3
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
88
DC91
L1
3 3
92
L2
93
L3
95
96
U
97
V
89
DC+
81
R-
130BA390.11
Installation
8
R+
98
W
3.4.4.1 Motor Connection for A2 and A3
Follow these drawings step by step for connecting the
motor to the frequency converter.
1.
First terminate the motor earth, then place motor
U, V and W wires in plug and tighten.
130BA265.10
99
Illustration 3.12 Motor, Mains and Earth Wiring for B-, C- and DFrame Sizes Using Shielded Cable
C
95
93
L3
96
U
97
V
91
R-
M
OT
V
BR-
N
S
BR+
BR
- B
U
V
W
OR
W
- LC +
U
130BB477.10
88
89
DC+ DC-
92
L2
I
+D
C
+D
99
91
L1
A
RELAY 2
L1
L2
92 L3
93
RELAY 1
M
91
9
R+
99
W
99
Illustration 3.14
M
L1
91 L2 L3
92
93
A
I
N
S
RELAY 1
Illustration 3.13 Motor, Mains and Earth Wiring for B-, C- and DFrame Sizes
130BA266.10
Mount cable clamp to ensure 360° connection
between chassis and screen, note the outer
insulation of the motor cable is removed under
the clamp.
RELAY 2
2.
+D
C
BR
- B
99
MO
U TOR
V W
- LC -
Illustration 3.15
16
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BT333.10
3.4.4.2 Motor Connection for A4/A5
First terminate the motor earth, then place motor U, V and
W wires in terminal and tighten. Ensure that the outer
insulation of the motor cable is removed under the EMC
clamp.
U
96
130BT337.10
W
V
97
3 3
98
Illustration 3.17
3.4.4.4 Motor Connection for C1 and C2
3.4.4.3 Motor Connection for B1 and B2
First terminate the motor earth, then place motor U, V and
W wires in terminal and tighten. Ensure that the outer
insulation of the motor cable is removed under the EMC
clamp.
88
DC91
L1
92
L2
93
L3
95
96
U
97
V
89
DC+
81
R-
130BA390.11
Illustration 3.16
8
R+
98
W
99
Illustration 3.18
First terminate the motor earth, then Place motor U, V and
W wires in terminal and tighten. Ensure that the outer
insulation of the motor cable is removed under the EMC
clamp.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
17
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
•
Comply with local and national electrical codes
for cable sizes.
•
Connect 3-phase AC input power wiring to
terminals L1, L2, and L3 (see Illustration 3.19).
•
Depending on the configuration of the
equipment, input power will be connected to the
mains input terminals or the input disconnect.
M
A
I N
S
RELAY 1 RELAY 2
Size wiring based upon the input current of the
frequency converter. For maximum wire sizes see
11.1 Power-dependent Specifications.
95
130BT336.10
3 3
•
130BA261.10
3.4.5 AC Mains Connection
-D
C+
DC
BR
-B
R+
U
V
W
- LC +
L3
L2
L 1 2 93
9
91
99
Illustration 3.20
Ground the cable in accordance with grounding
instructions provided in 3.4.2 Earth (Grounding)
Requirements
•
All frequency converters may be used with an
isolated input source as well as with ground
reference power lines. When supplied from an
isolated mains source (IT mains or floating delta)
or TT/TN-S mains with a grounded leg (grounded
delta), set 14-50 RFI Filter to [0] Off. When off, the
internal RFI filter capacitors between the chassis
and the intermediate circuit are isolated to avoid
damage to the intermediate circuit and to reduce
earth capacity currents in accordance with IEC
61800-3.
M
I
N
S
95
RELAY 2
•
When mounting cables, first mount and tighten
earth cable.
130BA262.10
2.
Illustration 3.19 Connecting to AC Mains
1.
RELAY 1
3.4.5.1 Mains Connection for A2 and A3
+D
C
First mount the two screws on the mounting
plate, slide it into place and tighten fully.
BR
-
BR
+
U
V
W
Illustration 3.21
18
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
WARNING
3.4.5.2 Mains Connection for A4/A5
The earth connection cable cross section must be at least
10 mm2 or 2 rated mains wires terminated separately
according to EN 50178/IEC 61800-5-1.
NOTE
A
I
N
S
L1
L2
RELAY 1
95
91
L
92 3
93
130BT336.10
L3
L2
L 1 2 93
9
91
RELAY 2
M
3 3
A cable clamp is used.
Then mount mains plug and tighten wires.
130BA263.10
3.
How to connect to mains and earthing without mains
disconnect switch.
+D
C
BR
- B
R+
U
V
W
Illustration 3.24
How to connect to mains and earthing with mains
disconnect switch.
M
L1
92
L2
93
A
I
L3
N
S
RELAY 1
91
130BA264.10
Finally tighten support bracket on mains wires.
RELAY 2
4.
130BT335.10
Illustration 3.22
+D
C
BR
- B
R
+
U
V
W
- LC -
99
Illustration 3.25
Illustration 3.23
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
19
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
3.4.5.4 Mains Connection for C1 and C2
How to connect to mains and earthing for B1 and B2.
How to connect to mains and earthing.
130BT332.10
130BA389.10
3.4.5.3 Mains Connection for B1 and B2
3 3
91
L1
95
Illustration 3.26
NOTE
For correct cable dimensions, see 11.2 General Technical
Data.
20
Illustration 3.27
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
92
L2
93
L3
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
3.4.6 Control Wiring
3.4.6.1 Control Terminal Types
Terminal
12, 13
-
+24 V DC
130BA012.11
Illustration 3.28 shows the removable frequency converter
connectors. Terminal functions and default settings are
summarized in Table 3.4.
Terminal Description
Digital Inputs/Outputs
Default
Parameter
Setting
Description
39
61
68
42
50
53
69
4
2
12
13
18
19
27
32
29
3
55
54
33
20
24 V DC supply
voltage. Maximum
output current is 200
mA total for all 24 V
loads. Useable for
digital inputs and
external transducers.
18
5-10
[8] Start
19
5-11
[10] Reversing
32
5-14
[39] Day/Night
Digital inputs.
Control
33
5-15
[0] No
operation
27
5-12
[2] Coast
inverse
29
5-13
[0] No
operation
20
-
37
-
37
1
3 3
Selectable for either
digital input or
output. Default setting
is input.
Common for digital
inputs and 0 V
potential for 24 V
supply.
Safe Torque
Off (STO)
(Optional) Safe input.
Used for STO
Analog Inputs/Outputs
Illustration 3.28 Control Terminal Locations
•
•
Connector 1 provides four programmable digital
inputs terminals, two additional digital terminals
programmable as either input or output, a 24 V
DC terminal supply voltage, and a common for
optional customer supplied 24 V DC voltage
Connector 2 terminals (+)68 and (-)69 are for an
RS-485 serial communications connection
39
-
42
6-50
50
-
Common for analog
output
[100] Output
frequency
Programmable analog
output. The analog
signal is 0-20 mA or
4-20 mA at a
+10 V DC
10 V DC analog
supply voltage. 15 mA
maximum commonly
used for potentiometer or thermistor.
Analog input.
Selectable for voltage
or current. Switches
A53 and A54 select
mA or V.
maximum of 500 Ω
53
6-1*
Reference
6-2*
Feedback
-
•
Connector 3 provides two analog inputs, one
analog output, 10 V DC supply voltage, and
commons for the inputs and output
54
•
Connector 4 is a USB port available for use with
the frequency converter
55
•
Also provided are two Form C relay outputs that
are in various locations depending upon the
frequency converter configuration and size
•
Some options available for ordering with the unit
may provide additional terminals. See the manual
provided with the equipment option.
Common for analog
input
Serial Communication
61
-
Integrated RC-Filter for
cable screen. ONLY for
connecting the screen
when experiencing
EMC problems.
See 11.2 General Technical Data for terminal ratings details.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
21
Terminal Description
Digital Inputs/Outputs
Default
Parameter
Setting
Description
68 (+)
8-3*
69 (-)
8-3*
01, 02, 03
5-40
04, 05, 06
5-40
3 3
12 13 1
8
RS-485 Interface. A
control card switch is
provided for
termination resistance.
19 27 2
9 32
33
1
10
mm
Relays
[2] Drive ready Form C relay output.
Usable for AC or DC
[5] Running
voltage and resistive
or inductive loads.
2
Illustration 3.30 Connecting Control Wiring
Table 3.4 Terminal Description
3.4.6.3 Using Screened Control Cables
3.4.6.2 Wiring to Control Terminals
130BT306.10
Control terminal connectors can be unplugged from the
frequency converter for ease of installation, as shown in
Illustration 3.29.
Correct screening
The preferred method in most cases is to secure control
and serial communication cables with screening clamps
provided at both ends to ensure best possible high
frequency cable contact.
If the earth potential between the frequency converter and
the PLC is different, electric noise may occur that will
disturb the entire system. Solve this problem by fitting an
equalizing cable next to the control cable. Minimum cable
cross section: 16 mm2.
FC
PLC
PE
PE
PE
PE
130BB922.11
Terminal
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BA310.10
Installation
1
2
1.
Open the contact by inserting a small screwdriver
into the slot above or below the contact, as
shown in Illustration 3.30.
2.
Insert the bared control wire into the contact.
3.
Remove the screwdriver to fasten the control wire
into the contact.
4.
Ensure the contact is firmly established and not
loose. Loose control wiring can be the source of
equipment faults or less than optimal operation.
See 11.1 Power-dependent Specifications for control terminal
wiring sizes.
See 7 Application Set-Up Examples for typical control wiring
connections.
22
Illustration 3.31
50/60 Hz ground loops
With very long control cables, ground loops may occur. To
eliminate ground loops, connect one end of the screen-toground with a 100 nF capacitor (keeping leads short).
PLC
PE
100nF
FC
PE
130BB609.11
Illustration 3.29 Unplugging Control Terminals
Illustration 3.32
Avoid EMC noise on serial communication
This terminal is connected to earth via an internal RC link.
Use twisted-pair cables to reduce interference between
conductors. The recommended method is shown below:
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
FC
FC
69
68
61
69
68
61
PE
PE
PE
PE
130BB923.11
Installation
•
The switches are accessible when the LCP has
been removed (see Illustration 3.35). Note that
some option cards available for the unit may
cover these switches and must be removed to
change switch settings. Always remove power to
the unit before removing option cards.
•
Terminal 53 default is for a speed reference signal
in open loop set in 16-61 Terminal 53 Switch
Setting
•
Terminal 54 default is for a feedback signal in
closed loop set in 16-63 Terminal 54 Switch Setting
1
2
Illustration 3.33
68
69
PE
PE
PE
PE
130BT310.10
FC
FC
69
68
130BB924.11
Alternatively, the connection to terminal 61 can be
omitted:
1
2
Illustration 3.34
3.4.6.4 Jumper Terminals 12 and 27
Digital input terminal 27 is designed to receive a
24 V DC external interlock command. In many
applications, the user wires an external interlock
device to terminal 27
•
When no interlock device is used, wire a jumper
between control terminal 12 (recommended) or
13 to terminal 27. This provides in internal 24 V
signal on terminal 27
•
No signal present prevents the unit from
operating
•
When the status line at the bottom of the LCP
reads AUTO REMOTE COASTING or Alarm 60
External Interlock is displayed, this indicates that
the unit is ready to operate but is missing an
input signal on terminal 27.
•
When factory installed optional equipment is
wired to terminal 27, do not remove that wiring.
3.4.6.5 Terminal 53 and 54 Switches
•
Analog input terminals 53 and 54 can select
either voltage (0 to 10 V) or current (0/4-20 mA)
input signals
•
Remove power to the frequency converter before
changing switch positions
•
Set switches A53 and A54 to select the signal
type. U selects voltage, I selects current.
BUS TER.
OFF-ON
N O
2
•
1
A jumper wire may be required between terminal 12 (or
13) and terminal 27 for the frequency converter to operate
when using factory default programming values.
A53 A54
U- I U- I
VLT
Illustration 3.35 Location of Terminals 53 and 54 Switches
3.4.6.6 Terminal 37
Terminal 37 Safe Stop function
The frequency converter is available with optional safe
stop functionality via control terminal 37. Safe Stop
disables the control voltage of the power semiconductors
of the frequency converter output stage which in turn
prevents generating the voltage required to rotate the
motor. When the Safe Stop (T37) is activated, the
frequency converter issues an alarm, trips the unit, and
coasts the motor to a stop. Manual restart is required. The
Safe Stop function can be used for stopping the frequency
converter in emergency stop situations. In the normal
operating mode when Safe Stop is not required, use the
frequency converter’s regular stop function instead. When
automatic restart is used – the requirements according to
ISO 12100-2 paragraph 5.3.2.5 must be fulfilled.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
23
3 3
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Liability conditions
It is the responsibility of the user to ensure personnel
installing and operating the Safe Stop function:
3 3
•
Read and understand the safety regulations
concerning health and safety/accident prevention
•
Understand the generic and safety guidelines
given in this description and the extended
description in the Design Guide
•
Have a good knowledge of the generic and safety
standards applicable to the specific application
User is defined as: integrator, operator, servicing,
maintenance staff.
Safe Stop installation and set-up
WARNING
SAFE STOP FUNCTION!
The Safe Stop function does NOT isolate mains voltage to
the frequency converter or auxiliary circuits. Perform work
on electrical parts of the frequency converter or the motor
only after isolating the mains voltage supply and waiting
the length of time specified in 1 Safety. Failure to isolate
the mains voltage supply from the unit and waiting the
time specified could result in death or serious injury.
•
It is not recommended to stop the frequency
converter by using the Safe Torque Off function.
If a running frequency converter is stopped by
using the function, the unit will trip and stop by
coasting. If this is not acceptable, e.g. causes
danger, the frequency converter and machinery
must be stopped using the appropriate stopping
mode before using this function. Depending on
the application a mechanical brake may be
required.
•
Concerning synchronous and permanent magnet
motor frequency converters in case of a multiple
IGBT power semiconductor failure: In spite of the
activation of the Safe Torque Off function, the
frequency converter system can produce an
alignment torque which maximally rotates the
motor shaft by 180/p degrees. p denotes the pole
pair number.
•
This function is suitable for performing
mechanical work on the frequency converter
system or affected area of a machine only. It does
not provide electrical safety. This function should
not be used as a control for starting and/or
stopping the frequency converter.
Standards
Use of Safe Stop on terminal 37 requires that the user
satisfies all provisions for safety including relevant laws,
regulations and guidelines. The optional Safe Stop function
complies with the following standards.
EN 954-1: 1996 Category 3
IEC 60204-1: 2005 category 0 – uncontrolled stop
IEC 61508: 1998 SIL2
IEC 61800-5-2: 2007 – safe torque off (STO)
function
IEC 62061: 2005 SIL CL2
ISO 13849-1: 2006 Category 3 PL d
ISO 14118: 2000 (EN 1037) – prevention of
unexpected start up
The information and instructions of the instruction manual
are not sufficient for a proper and safe use of the Safe
Stop functionality. The related information and instructions
of the relevant Design Guide must be followed.
Protective measures
•
Safety engineering systems may only be installed
and commissioned by qualified and skilled
personnel
•
The unit must be installed in an IP54 cabinet or
in an equivalent environment
•
The cable between terminal 37 and the external
safety device must be short circuit protected
according to ISO 13849-2 table D.4
•
24
If any external forces influence the motor axis
(e.g. suspended loads), additional measures (e.g.,
a safety holding brake) are required in order to
eliminate hazards
The following requirements have to be meet to perform a
safe installation of the frequency converter:
1.
Remove the jumper wire between control
terminals 37 and 12 or 13. Cutting or breaking
the jumper is not sufficient to avoid shortcircuiting. (See jumper on Illustration 3.36.)
2.
Connect an external safety monitoring relay via a
NO safety function (the instruction for the safety
device must be followed) to terminal 37 (Safe
Stop) and either terminal 12 or 13 (24 V DC). The
safety monitoring relay must comply with
Category 3 (EN 954-1) / PL “d” (ISO 13849-1).
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BA874.10
Installation
12/13
3 3
37
Illustration 3.36 Jumper between Terminal 12/13 (24 V) and 37
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
25
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
3
2
5
1
4
3 3
6
12
37
7
11
8
10
9
M
Illustration 3.37 Installation to Achieve a Stopping Category 0 (EN 60204-1) with Safety Cat. 3 (EN 954-1) / PL “d” (ISO 13849-1).
1
Safety device Cat. 3 (circuit interrupt device, possibly
with release input)
7
Inverter
2
Door contact
8
Motor
3
Contactor (Coast)
9
5 V DC
4
Frequency converter
10
Safe channel
5
Mains
11
Short-circuit protected cable (if not inside installation cabinet)
6
Control board
Table 3.5
Safe Stop commissioning test
After installation and before first operation, perform a
commissioning test of the installation making use of Safe
Stop. Moreover, perform the test after each modification of
the installation.
26
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
130BB749.10
Installation
Installation
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
3.4.7 Serial Communication
RS-485 is a two-wire bus interface compatible with multidrop network topology, i.e. nodes can be connected as a
bus, or via drop cables from a common trunk line. A total
of 32 nodes can be connected to one network segment.
Repeaters divide network segments. Note that each
repeater functions as a node within the segment in which
it is installed. Each node connected within a given network
must have a unique node address, across all segments.
Terminate each segment at both ends, using either the
termination switch (S801) of the frequency converters or a
biased termination resistor network. Always use screened
twisted pair (STP) cable for bus cabling, and always follow
good common installation practice.
Low-impedance earth (ground) connection of the screen at
every node is important, including at high frequencies.
Thus, connect a large surface of the screen to earth
(ground), for example with a cable clamp or a conductive
cable gland. It may be necessary to apply potentialequalizing cables to maintain the same earth (ground)
potential throughout the network. Particularly in installations with long cables.
To prevent impedance mismatch, always use the same
type of cable throughout the entire network. When
connecting a motor to the frequency converter, always use
screened motor cable.
Cable
Screened twisted pair (STP)
Impedance
120 Ω
Cable length
Max. 1200 m (including drop lines)
Max. 500 m station-to-station
3 3
Table 3.6
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
27
Start Up and Functional Tes...
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
4 Start Up and Functional Test
4.1 Pre-start
4.1.1 Safety Inspection
4 4
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGE!
If input and output connections have been connected
improperly, there is potential for high voltage on these
terminals. If power leads for multiple motors are
improperly run in same conduit, there is potential for
leakage current to charge capacitors within the frequency
converter, even when disconnected from mains input. For
initial start up, make no assumptions about power
components. Follow pre-start procedures. Failure to follow
pre-start procedures could result in personal injury or
damage to equipment.
28
1.
Input power to the unit must be OFF and locked
out. Do not rely on the frequency converter
disconnect switches for input power isolation.
2.
Verify that there is no voltage on input terminals
L1 (91), L2 (92), and L3 (93), phase-to-phase and
phase-to-ground,
3.
Verify that there is no voltage on output
terminals 96 (U), 97 (V), and 98 (W), phase-tophase and phase-to-ground.
4.
Confirm continuity of the motor by measuring
ohm values on U-V (96-97), V-W (97-98), and W-U
(98-96).
5.
Check for proper grounding of the frequency
converter as well as the motor.
6.
Inspect the frequency converter for loose
connections on terminals.
7.
Record the following motor-nameplate data:
power, voltage, frequency, full load current, and
nominal speed. These values are needed to
program motor nameplate data later.
8.
Confirm that the supply voltage matches voltage
of frequency converter and motor.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Start Up and Functional Tes...
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
CAUTION
Before applying power to the unit, inspect the entire
installation as detailed in Table 4.1. Check mark those items
when completed.
☑
Inspect for
Description
Auxiliary equipment
•
Look for auxiliary equipment, switches, disconnects, or input fuses/circuit breakers that may
reside on the input power side of the frequency converter or output side to the motor. Ensure
that they are ready for full speed operation.
Check function and installation of any sensors used for feedback to the frequency converter.
Cable routing
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check for broken or damaged wires and loose connections.
Control wiring
Cooling clearance
EMC considerations
Environmental considerations
Fusing and circuit
breakers
(Grounding)
Input and output power
wiring
Panel interior
Switches
Vibration
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
4 4
Remove power factor correction caps on motor(s), if present.
Ensure that input power, motor wiring , and control wiring are separated or in three separate
metallic conduits for high frequency noise isolation.
Check that control wiring is isolated from power and motor wiring for noise immunity.
Check the voltage source of the signals, if necessary.
The use of shielded cable or twisted pair is recommended. Ensure that the shield is terminated
correctly.
Measure that top and bottom clearance is adequate to ensure proper air flow for cooling.
Check for proper installation regarding electromagnetic compatibility.
See equipment label for the maximum ambient operating temperature limits.
Humidity levels must be 5-95% non-condensing.
Check for proper fusing or circuit breakers.
Check that all fuses are inserted firmly and in operational condition and that all circuit breakers
are in the open position.
The unit requires an earth wire(ground wire) from its chassis to the building earth (ground).
Check for good earth connections(ground connections) that are tight and free of oxidation.
Earthing (grounding) to conduit or mounting the back panel to a metal surface is not a
suitable earth (ground).
Check for loose connections.
Check that motor and mains are in separate conduit or separated screened cables.
Inspect that the unit interior is free of dirt, metal chips, moisture, and corrosion.
Ensure that all switch and disconnect settings are in the proper positions.
Check that the unit is mounted solidly or that shock mounts are used, as necessary.
Check for an unusual amount of vibration.
Table 4.1 Start Up Check List
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
29
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
4.2 Applying Power to the Frequency Converter
WARNING
HIGH VOLTAGE!
Frequency converters contain high voltage when
connected to AC mains. Installation, start-up and
maintenance should be performed by qualified personnel
only. Failure to comply could result in death or serious
injury.
WARNING
UNINTENDED START!
When the frequency converter is connected to AC mains,
the motor may start at any time. The frequency converter,
motor, and any driven equipment must be in operational
readiness. Failure to comply could result in death, serious
injury, equipment, or property damage.
1.
Confirm that the input voltage is balanced within
3%. If not, correct input voltage imbalance before
proceeding. Repeat this procedure after the
voltage correction.
2.
Ensure that optional equipment wiring, if present,
matches the installation application.
3.
Ensure that all operator devices are in the OFF
position. Panel doors should be closed or cover
mounted.
4.
Apply power to the unit. DO NOT start the
frequency converter at this time. For units with a
disconnect switch, turn to the ON position to
apply power to the frequency converter.
NOTE
If the status line at the bottom of the LCP reads AUTO
REMOTE COASTING or Alarm 60 External Interlock is
displayed, this indicates that the unit is ready to operate
but is missing an input signal on terminal 27. See
Illustration 3.36 for details.
If [Cancel] is pressed, the FC 103 will return to the status
screen. An automatic timer will cancel the wizard after 5
min. of inactivity (no keys pressed). The wizard must be reentered through the Quick Menu when it has been run
once.
Answering the questions on the screens takes the user
though a complete set-up for the FC 103. Most standard
refrigeration applications can be setup by using this
Application Guide. Advanced features must be accessed
though the menu structure (Quick Menu or Main Menu) in
the frequency converter.
The FC 103 Wizard covers all standard settings for:
Compressors
-
Single fan and pump
-
Condenser fans
These applications are then further expanded to allow
control of the frequency converter to be controlled via the
frequency converter's own internal PID controllers or from
an external control signal.
After completing set-up, choose to re-run wizard or start
application
The Application Guide can be cancelled at any time by
pressing [Back]. The Application Guide can be re-entered
through the Quick Menu. When re-entering the Application
Guide, the user will be asked to keep previous changes to
the factory set-up or to restore default values.
The FC 103 will start up initially with the Application guide
thereafter in the event of power failure the application
guide is accessed through the Quick menu screen.
The following screen will be presented:
130BC951.10
4 4
Start Up and Functional Tes...
4.3 Basic Operational Programming
4.3.1 Set-up Wizard
Illustration 4.1
The built -in “wizard” menu guides the installer through
the set -up of the frequency converter in a clear and
structured manner, and has been constructed with
reference to the industries refrigeration engineers, to
ensure that the text and language used makes complete
sense to the installer.
At start-up the FC 103 asks the user run the VLT Drive
Application Guide or to skip it (until it has been run, the
FC 103 will ask every time at start-up), thereafter in the
event of power failure the application guide is accessed
through the Quick menu screen.
30
If [Cancel] is pressed, the FC 103 will return to the status
screen. An automatic timer will cancel the wizard after 5
min. of inactivity (no keys pressed). The wizard must be reentered through the Quick Menu as described below.
If [OK] is pressed, the Application Guide will start with the
following screen:
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BC952.10
Start Up and Functional Tes...
Current and nominal speed set-up
Illustration 4.2
4 4
NOTE
Numbering of steps in wizard (e.g. 1/12) can change
depending on choices in the workflow.
130BC953.10
This screen will automatically change to the first input
screen of the Application Guide:
Illustration 4.6
Min. and max. frequency set-up
130BC954.10
Illustration 4.3
Illustration 4.7
Illustration 4.4
Min. time between two starts
Compressor pack set-up
As an example, see screens below for a compressor pack
set-up:
Voltage and frequency set-up
Illustration 4.8
Illustration 4.5
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
31
Start Up and Functional Tes...
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Select sensor type
Choose with/without bypass valve
4 4
Illustration 4.11
Illustration 4.9
Settings for sensor
Select open or closed loop
Illustration 4.12
Illustration 4.10
NOTE
Info: 4-20 mA feedback chosen - connect accordingly
Internal/Closed loop: The FC 103 will control the
application directly using the internal PID control within
the frequency converter and needs an input from an
external input such as a temperature or other sensor which
is wired directly into the frequency converter and controls
from the sensor signal.
External/Open loop: The FC 103 takes its control signal
from another controller (such as a pack controller) which
gives the frequency converter e.g. 0-10v, 4-20 mA or FC
103 Lon. The frequency converter will change its speed
depending upon this reference signal.
Illustration 4.13
32
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Start Up and Functional Tes...
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Info: Set switch accordingly
Set setpoint
4 4
Illustration 4.14
Illustration 4.17
Select unit and conversion from pressure
Illustration 4.15
Select fixed or floating setpoint
Illustration 4.16
Set high/low limit for setpoint
Illustration 4.18
Set cut out/in value
Illustration 4.19
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
33
Start Up and Functional Tes...
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Choose pack control set-up
Info: Set-up completed
4 4
Illustration 4.23
Illustration 4.20
After completing set-up, choose to re-run wizard or start
application. Select between the following options:
Set number of compressors in pack
•
•
•
•
Go to status
Run AMA - Note this is a reduced AMA if
compressor application is selected and full AMA if
single fan and pump is selected.
•
If condenser fan is selected in application NO
AMA can be run.
•
Run application- this mode starts the frequency
converter in either hand/local mode or via an
external control signal if open loop is selected in
an earlier screen
130BC955.10
Info: Connect accordingly
Go to main menu
130BP956.10
Illustration 4.21
Re-run wizard
Illustration 4.24
Illustration 4.22
130BC957.10
The Application Guide can be cancelled at any time by
pressing [Back]. The Application Guide can be re-entered
through the Quick Menu:
Illustration 4.25
34
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
When re-entering the Application Guide, select between
previous changes to the factory set-up or restore default
values.
0.00A
0.0%
Operation / Display
0-0* Basic Settings
0-1* Set-up Opperations
0-2* LCP Display
0-3* LCP Custom Readout
NOTE
If the system requirement is to have the internal pack
controller for 3 compressors plus by-pass valve connected,
there is the need to specify FC 103 with the extra relay
card (MCB 105) mounted inside the frequency converter.
The bypass valve must be programmed to operate from
one of the extra relay outputs on the MCB 105 board.
This is needed because the standard relay outputs in the
FC 103 are used to control the compressors in the pack.
1(1)
0-**
130BP087.10
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Illustration 4.27
4.
4 4
Use navigation keys to scroll to 0-03 Regional
Settings and press [OK].
0.0%
Basic Settings
4.3.2 Required Initial Frequency Converter
Programming
0.00A
1(1)
0-0*
0-03 Regional Settings
130BP088.10
Start Up and Functional Tes...
NOTE
If the wizard is run, ignore the following.
[0] International
Frequency converters require basic operational
programming before running for best performance. Basic
operational programming requires entering motornameplate data for the motor being operated and the
minimum and maximum motor speeds. Enter data in
accordance with the following procedure. Parameter
settings recommended are intended for start up and
checkout purposes. Application settings may vary. See
5 User Interface for detailed instructions on entering data
through the LCP.
Enter data with power ON, but before operating the
frequency converter.
5.
Use navigation keys to select [0] International or
[1] North America as appropriate and press [OK].
(This changes the default settings for a number
of basic parameters. See 6.4 International/North
American Default Parameter Settings for a
complete list.)
6.
Press [Quick Menu] on the LCP.
7.
Use the navigation keys to scroll to parameter
group Q2 Quick Setup and press [OK].
13.7%
1.
Press [Main Menu] twice on the LCP.
2.
Use the navigation keys to scroll to parameter
group 0-** Operation/Display and press [OK].
13.0A
1(1)
Quick Menus
Q1 My Personal Menu
130BB847.10
Illustration 4.28
3.84 A
Main menu
0 - ** Operation/Display
1 (1)
130BP066.10
Q2 Quick Setup
1107 RPM
Q5 Changes Made
Q6 Loggings
Illustration 4.29
1 - ** Load/Motor
2 - ** Brakes
3 - ** Reference / Ramps
8.
Illustration 4.26
3.
Select language and press [OK]. Then enter the
motor data in parameters 1-20/1-21 through 1-25.
The information can be found on the motor
nameplate.
Use navigation keys to scroll to parameter group
0-0* Basic Settings and press [OK].
1-20 Motor Power [kW] or 1-21 Motor
Power [HP]
1-22 Motor Voltage
1-23 Motor Frequency
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
35
Start Up and Functional Tes...
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
1-24 Motor Current
4.4 PM Motor Setup
0.0 Hz
0.00kW
Motor Setup
1(1)
Q2
1 - 21 Motor Power [kW]
130BT772.10
1-25 Motor Nominal Speed
CAUTION
Do only use PM motor with fans and pumps.
Set up the basic motor parameters:
• 1-10 Motor Construction
4.0 kW
4 4
Illustration 4.30
9.
A jumper wire should be in place between
control terminals 12 and 27. If this is the case,
leave 5-12 Terminal 27 Digital Input at factory
default. Otherwise select No Operation. For
frequency converters with an optional Danfoss
bypass, no jumper wire is required.
10.
3-02 Minimum Reference
11.
3-03 Maximum Reference
12.
3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp Up Time
13.
3-42 Ramp 1 Ramp Down Time
14.
3-13 Reference Site. Linked to Hand/Auto* Local
Remote.
This concludes the quick set-up procedure. Press [Status]
to return to the operational display.
• 1-14 Damping Gain
• 1-15 Low Speed Filter Time Const.
• 1-16 High Speed Filter Time Const.
• 1-17 Voltage filter time const.
• 1-24 Motor Current
• 1-25 Motor Nominal Speed
• 1-26 Motor Cont. Rated Torque
• 1-30 Stator Resistance (Rs)
• 1-37 d-axis Inductance (Ld)
• 1-39 Motor Poles
• 1-40 Back EMF at 1000 RPM
• 1-66 Min. Current at Low Speed
• 4-13 Motor Speed High Limit [RPM]
• 4-19 Max Output Frequency
NOTE
Advanced motor data
Stator resistance and d-axis inductance values are often
described differently in technical specifications. For
programming resistance and d-axis inductance values in
frequency converters, always use line to common
(starpoint) values. This is valid for both asynchronous and
PM motors.
36
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Start Up and Functional Tes...
Par.
1-30
Par.
1-37
Par.
1-40
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Stator
Resistance
(Line to
common)
This parameter gives stator winding
resistance (Rs) similar to asynchronous
motor stator resistance. When line-line
data (where stator resistance is
measured between any two lines) are
available, divide it with 2.
d-axis
Inductance
(Line to
common)
This parameter gives direct axis
inductance of the PM motor. When lineline data are available, divide it with 2.
Back EMF at
1000RPM
RMS (Line to
Line Value )
This parameter gives back EMF across
stator terminal of PM Motor at 1000RPM
mechanical speed specifically. It is
defined between line to line and
expressed in RMS Value. In case the PM
Motor specifications provides this value
related to another motor speed, the
voltage must be recalculated for 1000
RPM.
NOTE
The AMA algorithm does not work when using PM motors.
To run AMA
1.
Press [Main Menu] to access parameters.
2.
Scroll to parameter group 1-** Load and Motor.
3.
Press [OK].
4.
Scroll to parameter group 1-2* Motor Data.
5.
Press [OK].
6.
Scroll to 1-29 Automatic Motor Adaptation (AMA).
7.
Press [OK].
8.
Select [1] Enable complete AMA.
9.
Press [OK].
10.
Follow on-screen instructions.
11.
The test will run automatically and indicate when
it is complete.
Table 4.2
4.6 Check Motor Rotation
NOTE
Back-EMF
Back-EMF is the voltage generated by a PM motor when
no frequency converter is connected and the shaft is
turned externally. Technical specifications usually notes this
voltage related to nominal motor speed or to 1000 RPM
measured between two lines.
4.5 Automatic Motor Adaptation
Automatic motor adaptation (AMA) is a test procedure that
measures the electrical characteristics of the motor to
optimize compatibility between the frequency converter
and the motor.
•
4 4
The frequency converter builds a mathematical
model of the motor for regulating output motor
current. The procedure also tests the input phase
balance of electrical power. It compares the
motor characteristics with the data entered in
parameters 1-20 to 1-25.
•
It does not cause the motor to run or harm to
the motor
•
Some motors may be unable to run the complete
version of the test. In that case, select [2] Enable
reduced AMA
•
If an output filter is connected to the motor,
select Enable reduced AMA
•
If warnings or alarms occur, see 9 Warnings and
Alarms
•
Run this procedure on a cold motor for best
results
Before running the frequency converter, check the motor
rotation. The motor will run briefly at 5 Hz or the
minimum frequency set in 4-12 Motor Speed Low Limit [Hz].
1.
Press [Quick Menu].
2.
Scroll to Q2 Quick Setup.
3.
Press [OK].
4.
Scroll to 1-28 Motor Rotation Check.
5.
Press [OK].
6.
Scroll to [1] Enable.
The following text will appear: Note! Motor may run in
wrong direction.
7.
Press [OK].
8.
Follow the on-screen instructions.
To change the direction of rotation, remove power to the
frequency converter and wait for power to discharge.
Reverse the connection of any two of the three motor
cables on the motor or frequency converter side of the
connection.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
37
4 4
Start Up and Functional Tes...
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
See 5.1.1 Local Control Panel Keypad for resetting the
frequency converter after a trip.
4.7 Local-control Test
NOTE
CAUTION
MOTOR START!
Ensure that the motor, system and any attached
equipment are ready for start. It is the responsibility of the
user to ensure safe operation under any condition. Failure
to ensure that the motor, system, and any attached
equipment is ready for start could result in personal injury
or equipment damage.
NOTE
The [Hand On] key provides a local start command to the
frequency converter. The [Off] key provides the stop
function.
When operating in local mode, [▲] and [▼] increase and
decrease the speed output of the frequency converter. [◄]
and [►] move the display cursor in the numeric display.
4.1 Pre-start through 4.7 Local-control Test in this chapter
concludes the procedures for applying power to the
frequency converter, basic programming, set-up, and
functional testing.
4.8 System Start Up
The procedure in this section requires user-wiring and
application programming to be completed. 7 Application
Set-Up Examples is intended to help with this task. Other
aids to application set-up are listed in 7 Application Set-Up
Examples. The following procedure is recommended after
application set-up by the user is completed.
CAUTION
MOTOR START!
Ensure that the motor, system and any attached
equipment is ready for start. It is the responsibility of the
user to ensure safe operation under any condition. Failure
to do so could result in personal injury or equipment
damage.
1.
Press [Hand On].
2.
Accelerate the frequency converter by pressing
[▲] to full speed. Moving the cursor left of the
decimal point provides quicker input changes.
3.
Note any acceleration problems.
4.
Press [Off].
1.
Press [Auto On].
5.
Note any deceleration problems.
2.
Ensure that external control functions are
properly wired to the frequency converter and all
programming is completed.
3.
Apply an external run command.
4.
Adjust the speed reference throughout the speed
range.
5.
Remove the external run command.
6.
Note any problems.
If acceleration problems were encountered
•
If warnings or alarms occur, see 9 Warnings and
Alarms.
•
•
Check that motor data is entered correctly.
•
•
Increase the ramp-up time in 3-41 Ramp 1 Ramp
Up Time.
Increase current limit in 4-18 Current Limit.
If warnings or alarms occur, see 9 Warnings and Alarms.
Increase torque limit in 4-16 Torque Limit Motor
Mode.
If deceleration problems were encountered
•
If warnings or alarms occur, see 9 Warnings and
Alarms.
•
•
Check that motor data is entered correctly.
•
Increase the ramp-down time in 3-42 Ramp 1
Ramp Down Time.
Enable overvoltage control in 2-17 Over-voltage
Control.
NOTE
The OVC algorithm does not work when using PM motors.
38
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
User Interface
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
5 User Interface
5.1 Local Control Panel
The local control panel (LCP) is the combined display and
keypad on the front of the unit. The LCP is the user
interface to the frequency converter.
5.1.1 LCP Layout
The LCP is divided into four functional groups (see
Illustration 5.1).
•
Start, stop, and control speed when in local
control
•
Display operational data, status, warnings and
cautions
•
•
130BC362.10
The LCP has several user functions.
Status
1234rpm
1(1)
43,5Hz
1.0 A
Programming frequency converter functions
Manually reset the frequency converter after a
fault when auto-reset is inactive
43,5Hz
a
An optional numeric LCP (NLCP) is also available. The NLCP
operates in a manner similar to the LCP. See the
Programming Guide for details on use of the NLCP.
Run OK
b
Status
NOTE
ck
Ba
l
ce
On
OK
Info
c
Alarm
Log
Main
Menu
n
Ca
The display contrast can be adjusted by pressing [Status]
and [▲]/[▼] key.
Quick
Menu
Warn.
Alarm
d
Hand
on
Off
Auto
on
Reset
Illustration 5.1 LCP
a.
Display area.
b.
Display menu keys for changing the display to
show status options, programming, or error
message history.
c.
Navigation keys for programming functions,
moving the display cursor, and speed control in
local operation. Also included are the status
indicator lights.
d.
Operational mode keys and reset.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
39
5 5
User Interface
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
5.1.3 Display
The display area is activated when the frequency converter
receives power from mains voltage, a DC bus terminal, or
an external 24 V supply.
Menu keys are used for menu access for parameter set-up,
toggling through status display modes during normal
operation, and viewing fault log data.
The information displayed on the LCP can be customized
for user application.
5 5
Quick
Menu
Status
Alarm
Log
•
Each display readout has a parameter associated
with it.
•
Options are selected in the quick menu Q3-13
Display Settings.
Key
Function
Display 2 has an alternate larger display option.
Status
Shows operational information.
• In Auto mode, press to toggle between
status read-out displays
•
•
Illustration 5.4
The frequency converter status at the bottom line
of the display is generated automatically and is
not selectable.
Display
Parameter number
Default setting
1.1
0-20
Motor RPMs
1.2
0-21
Motor current
1.3
0-22
Motor power (kW)
2
0-23
Motor frequency
3
0-24
Reference in percent
1.1
1 (1)
36.4 kw
0.000
1.2
2
7.83 A
130BP041.10
799 RPM
Press repeatedly to scroll through each
status display
•
Press [Status] plus [▲] or [▼] to adjust the
•
Quick Menu
Status
•
display brightness
Table 5.1
53.2 %
Main Menu
1.3
Status
207RPM
1 (1)
5.25A
24.4 kW
1.1
6.9
Hz
130BP062.10
Illustration 5.2
Alarm Log
1.3
1.2
Auto Remote Running
2
The symbol in the upper right corner of the
display shows the direction of motor
rotation and which set-up is active. This is
not programmable.
Allows access to programming parameters for
initial set up instructions and many detailed
application instructions.
•
Press to access Q2 Quick Setup for
sequenced instructions to program the basic
frequency controller set up
•
Follow the sequence of parameters as
presented for the function set up
Auto Remote Ramping
3
Allows access to all programming parameters.
• Press twice to access top-level index
•
Press once to return to the last location
accessed
•
Press to enter a parameter number for
direct access to that parameter
Displays a list of current warnings, the last 10
alarms, and the maintenance log.
• For details about the frequency converter
before it entered the alarm mode, select the
alarm number using the navigation keys
and press [OK].
Table 5.2
Illustration 5.3
40
Main
Menu
130BP045.10
5.1.2 Setting LCP Display Values
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
5.1.5 Operation Keys
Navigation keys are used for programming functions and
moving the display cursor. The navigation keys also
provide speed control in local (hand) operation. Three
frequency converter status indicator lights are also located
in this area.
Operation keys are found at the bottom of the LCP.
Ba
l
ce
ck
n
Ca
130BT117.10
5.1.4 Navigation Keys
Off
Function
Hand On
Starts the frequency converter in local control.
• Use the navigation keys to control frequency
converter speed
•
Stops the motor but does not remove power to
the frequency converter.
Auto On
Puts the system in remote operational mode.
• Responds to an external start command by
control terminals or serial communication
•
Function
Back
Reverts to the previous step or list in the menu
structure.
Cancel
Cancels the last change or command as long as
the display mode has not changed.
Info
Press for a definition of the function being
displayed.
Navigation
Keys
Use the four navigation keys to move between
items in the menu.
OK
Use to access parameter groups or to enable a
choice.
Table 5.3
Light
Indicator
Function
Green
ON
The ON light activates when the
frequency converter receives
power from mains voltage, a DC
bus terminal, or an external 24 V
supply.
Yellow
Red
WARN
ALARM
When warning conditions are met,
the yellow WARN light comes on
and text appears in the display
area identifying the problem.
A fault condition causes the red
alarm light to flash and an alarm
text is displayed.
An external stop signal by control input or
serial communication overrides the local hand
on
Off
Illustration 5.5
Key
Reset
Key
Warn
Alarm
Auto
on
Illustration 5.6
Info
OK
On
Hand
on
130BP046.10
User Interface
Reset
Speed reference is from an external source
Resets the frequency converter manually after a
fault has been cleared.
Table 5.5
5.2 Back Up and Copying Parameter
Settings
Programming data is stored internally in the frequency
converter.
•
The data can be uploaded into the LCP memory
as a storage back up
•
Once stored in the LCP, the data can be
downloaded back into the frequency converter
•
Data can also be downloaded into other
frequency converters by connecting the LCP into
those units and downloading the stored settings.
(This is a quick way to program multiple units
with the same settings.)
•
Initialisation of the frequency converter to restore
factory default settings does not change data
stored in the LCP memory
Table 5.4
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
41
5 5
User Interface
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
WARNING
personal menu settings, fault log, alarm log, and
other monitoring functions
UNINTENDED START!
When the frequency converter is connected to AC mains,
the motor may start at any time. The frequency converter,
motor, and any driven equipment must be in operational
readiness. Failure to be in operational readiness when the
frequency converter is connected to AC mains could result
in death, serious injury, or equipment or property damage.
5.2.1 Uploading Data to the LCP
5 5
1.
Press [Off] to stop the motor before uploading or
downloading data.
2.
Go to 0-50 LCP Copy.
3.
Press [OK].
4.
Select All to LCP.
5.
Press [OK]. A progress bar shows the uploading
process.
6.
Press [Hand On] or [Auto On] to return to normal
operation.
5.2.2 Downloading Data from the LCP
1.
Press [Off] to stop the motor before uploading or
downloading data.
2.
Go to 0-50 LCP Copy.
3.
Press [OK].
4.
Select All from LCP.
5.
Press [OK]. A progress bar shows the
downloading process.
6.
Press [Hand On] or [Auto On] to return to normal
operation.
•
Using 14-22 Operation Mode is generally
recommended
•
Manual initialisation erases all motor,
programming, localization, and monitoring data
and restores factory default settings
5.3.1 Recommended Initialisation
1.
Press [Main Menu] twice to access parameters.
2.
Scroll to 14-22 Operation Mode.
3.
Press [OK].
4.
Scroll to Initialisation.
5.
Press [OK].
6.
Remove power to the unit and wait for the
display to turn off.
7.
Apply power to the unit.
Default parameter settings are restored during start up.
This may take slightly longer than normal.
8.
Alarm 80 is displayed.
9.
Press [Reset] to return to operation mode.
5.3.2 Manual Initialisation
1.
Remove power to the unit and wait for the
display to turn off.
2.
Press and hold [Status], [Main Menu], and [OK] at
the same time and apply power to the unit.
Factory default parameter settings are restored during start
up. This may take slightly longer than normal.
Manual initialisation does not the following frequency
converter information
5.3 Restoring Default Settings
CAUTION
Initialisation restores the unit to factory default settings.
Any programming, motor data, localization, and
monitoring records will be lost. Uploading data to the LCP
provides a backup before initialisation.
•
•
•
•
15-00 Operating Hours
15-03 Power Up's
15-04 Over Temp's
15-05 Over Volt's
Restoring the frequency converter parameter settings back
to default values is done by initialisation of the frequency
converter. Initialisation can be through 14-22 Operation
Mode or manually.
•
42
Initialisation using 14-22 Operation Mode does not
change frequency converter data such as
operating hours, serial communication selections,
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
User Interface
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
5.4 How to Operate
5.4.1 Five Ways of Operating
The frequency converter can be operated in 5 ways:
1.
Graphical Local Control Panel (GLCP)
2.
RS-485 serial communication or USB, both for PC
connection
3.
Via AK Lon⇒Gateway⇒ AKM programming
software
4.
Via AK Lon ⇒ system manager ⇒service tool
programming software
5.
Via MCT 10 Set-up Software, see 5.5 Remote
Programming with
5 5
If the frequency converter is fitted with fieldbus option,
refer to relevant documentation.
NOTE
The AKM programming software can be downloaded from
www.danfoss.com
5.5 Remote Programming with MCT 10 Setup Software
Danfoss has a software program available for developing,
storing, and transferring frequency converterprogramming.
The MCT 10 Set-up Software allows the user to connect a
PC to the frequency converter and perform live
programming rather than using the LCP. Additionally, all
frequency converter programming can be done off-line
and simply downloaded to the frequency converter. Or the
entire frequency converter profile can be loaded onto the
PC for back up storage or analysis.
The USB connector or RS-485 terminal are available for
connecting to the frequency converter.
MCT 10 Set-up Software is available for free download at
www.VLT-software.com. A CD is also available by
requesting part number 130B1000. A user’s manual
provides detailed operation instructions.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
43
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
6 Programming
6.1 Introduction
3-02 Minimum Reference. Set minimum internal
frequency converter reference to 0 Hz. (This sets
the minimum frequency converter speed at 0 Hz.)
The frequency converter is programmed for its application
functions using parameters. Parameters are accessed by
pressing either [Quick Menu] or [Main Menu] on the LCP.
(See 5 User Interface for details on using the LCP function
keys.) Parameters may also be accessed through a PC
using the MCT 10 Set-up Software, go to www.VLTsoftware.com.
0.00A
Analog Reference
1(1)
Q3-21
3-02 Minimum Reference
0.000 Hz
Illustration 6.2
3.
3-03 Maximum Reference. Set maximum internal
frequency converter reference to 60 Hz. (This sets
the maximum frequency converter speed at 60
Hz. Note that 50/60 Hz is a regional variation.)
14.7%
0.00A
Analog Reference
1(1)
Q3-21
3-03 Maximum Reference
The main menu accesses all parameters and allows for
advanced frequency converter applications.
50.000 Hz
6.2 Programming Example
Illustration 6.3
•
4.
This procedure programs the frequency converter
to receive a 0-10 V DC analog control signal on
input terminal 53
6-10 Terminal 53 Low Voltage. Set minimum
external voltage reference on Terminal 53 at 0 V.
(This sets the minimum input signal at 0 V.)
14.7%
Analog Reference
The frequency converter will respond by
providing 6-60 Hz output to the motor proportional to the input signal (0-10 V DC = 6-60 Hz)
6-10 Terminal 53 Low
Voltage
Select the following parameters using the navigation keys
to scroll to the titles and press [OK] after each action.
0.00 V
Illustration 6.4
1.
3-15 Reference Resource 1
14.7%
References
3-15 Reference Resource
0.00A
1(1)
5-1*
[1]] Analog input 53
Illustration 6.1
44
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
0.00A
1(1)
Q3-21
130BT764.10
Here is an example for programming the frequency
converter for a common application in open loop using
the quick menu.
•
130BT763.11
The quick menu is intended for initial start up (Q2-** Quick
Set Up) and detailed instructions for common frequency
converter applications (Q3-** Function Set Up). Step-by-step
instructions are provided. These instructions enable the
user to walk through the parameters used for
programming applications in their proper sequence. Data
entered in a parameter can change the options available in
the parameters following that entry. The quick menu
presents easy guidelines for getting most systems up and
running.
14.7%
130BT762.10
2.
130BB848.10
6 6
Programming
Programming
14.7%
0.00A
Analog Reference
1(1)
Q3-21
6-11 Terminal 53 High
Voltage
130BC958.10
6-11 Terminal 53 High Voltage. Set maximum
external voltage reference on Terminal 53 at 10 V.
(This sets the maximum input signal at 10 V.)
130BT765.10
5.
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
U-I
6-1*
53
+
0-10V
A53
55
10.00 V
Illustration 6.5
Illustration 6.8 Wiring Example for External Device Providing
14.7 %
0.00 A
Analog Reference
1(1)
Q3-21
6 - 14 Terminal 53 Low
Ref./Feedb. Value
000020.000
Illustration 6.6
6-15 Terminal 53 High Ref./Feedb. Value. Set
maximum speed reference on Terminal 53 at 60
Hz. (This tells the frequency converter that the
maximum voltage received on Terminal 53 (10 V)
equals 60 Hz output.)
14.7 %
Analog Reference
0.00 A
1(1)
Q3-21
6 - 15 Terminal 53 High
Ref./Feedb. Value
130BT774.11
7.
6.3 Control Terminal Programming
Examples
Control terminals can be programmed.
•
Each terminal has specified functions it is capable
of performing
•
Parameters associated with the terminal enable
the function
See Table 3.4 for control terminal parameter number and
default setting. (Default setting can change based on the
selection in 0-03 Regional Settings.)
The following example shows accessing Terminal 18 to see
the default setting.
1.
Press [Main Menu] twice, scroll to parameter
group 5-** Digital In/Out Parameter Data Set and
press [OK].
14.6%
Main Menu
50.000
2-** Brakes
0.00A
1(1)
130BT768.10
6-14 Terminal 53 Low Ref./Feedb. Value. Set
minimum speed reference on Terminal 53 at 6Hz.
(This tells the frequency converter that the
minimum voltage received on Terminal 53 (0 V)
equals 6 Hz output.)
130BT773.11
6.
0-10 V Control Signal (Frequency Converter Left, External Device
Right)
3-** Reference / Ramps
Illustration 6.7
4-** Limits / Warnings
5-** Digital In/Out
With an external device providing a 0-10 V control signal
connected to frequency converter terminal 53, the system
is now ready for operation. Note that the scroll bar on the
right in the last illustration of the display is at the bottom,
indicating the procedure is complete.
Illustration 6.9
Illustration 6.8 shows the wiring connections used to
enable this set up.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
45
6 6
Programming
Scroll to parameter group 5-1* Digital Inputs and
press [OK].
0.00A
Digital In/Out
1(1)
5-**
5-0* Digital I/O mode
5-1* Digital Inputs
5-4* Relays
5-5* Pulse Input
Illustration 6.10
6 6
Scroll to 5-10 Terminal 18 Digital Input. Press [OK]
to access function choices. The default setting
Start is shown.
14.7%
0.00A
Digital Inputs
1(1)
5-1*
5-10 Terminal 18 Digital
130BT770.10
3.
International
North American
default parameter default parameter
value
value
4-14 Motor Speed
High Limit [Hz]
See Note 4
50 Hz
60 Hz
4-19 Max Output
Frequency
132 Hz
120 Hz
4-53 Warning Speed 1500 RPM
High
1800 RPM
5-12 Terminal 27
Digital Input
External interlock
Coast inverse
5-40 Function Relay No operation
No alarm
6-15 Terminal 53
High Ref./Feedb.
Value
50
60
6-50 Terminal 42
Output
No operation
Speed 4-20 mA
14-20 Reset Mode
Manual reset
Infinite auto reset
Table 6.1 International/North American Default Parameter Settings
Input
[8]] Start
Illustration 6.11
6.4 International/North American Default
Parameter Settings
Setting 0-03 Regional Settings to [0] International or [1]
North America changes the default settings for some
parameters. Table 6.1 lists those parameters that are
effected.
Parameter
Parameter
International
North American
default parameter default parameter
value
value
Note 1: 1-20 Motor Power [kW] is only visible when 0-03 Regional
Settings is set to [0] International.
Note 2: 1-21 Motor Power [HP], is only visible when 0-03 Regional
Settings is set to [1] North America.
Note 3: This parameter is only visible when 0-02 Motor Speed Unit is
set to [0] RPM.
Note 4: This parameter is only visible when 0-02 Motor Speed Unit is
set to [1] Hz.
Note 5: The default value depends on the number of motor poles. For
a 4 poled motor the international default value is 1500RPM and for a
2 poled motor 3000RPM. The corresponding values for North America
is 1800 and 3600RPM, respectively.
Changes made to default settings are stored and available
for viewing in the quick menu along with any
programming entered into parameters.
1.
Press [Quick Menu].
2.
Scroll to Q5 Changes Made and press [OK].
3.
Select Q5-2 Since Factory Setting to view all
programming changes or Q5-1 Last 10 Changes
for the most recent.
0-03 Regional
Settings
International
North America
1-20 Motor Power
[kW]
See Note 1
See Note 1
1-21 Motor Power
[HP]
See Note 2
See Note 2
1-22 Motor Voltage
230 V/400 V/575 V
208 V/460 V/575 V
25.9%
Changes Made
1-23 Motor
Frequency
50 Hz
60 Hz
3-03 Maximum
Reference
50 Hz
60 Hz
3-04 Reference
Function
Sum
External/Preset
4-13 Motor Speed
High Limit [RPM]
See Note 3 and 5
1500 PM
1800 RPM
46
0.00A
Q5-1 Last 10 Changes
Q5-2 Since Factory Setti...
Illustration 6.12
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
1(1)
Q5
130BB850.10
14.7%
130BT769.10
2.
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Programming
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
1.
Press [Quick Menu].
2.
Scroll to Q5 Changes Made and press [OK].
25.9%
0.00A
1(1)
Quick Menus
Q1 My Personal Menu
130BP089.10
6.4.1 Parameter Data Check
Q2 Quick Setup
Q3 Function Setups
Q5 Changes Made
Illustration 6.13
3.
6 6
Select Q5-2 Since Factory Setting to view all
programming changes or Q5-1 Last 10 Changes
for the most recent.
6.5 Parameter Menu Structure
Establishing the correct programming for applications
often requires setting functions in several related
parameters. These parameter settings provide the
frequency converter with system details it needs to
operate properly. System details may include such things
as input and output signal types, programming terminals,
minimum and maximum signal ranges, custom displays,
automatic restart, and other features.
•
See the LCP display to view detailed parameter
programming and setting options
•
Press [Info] in any menu location to view
additional details for that function
•
Press and hold [Main Menu] to enter a parameter
number for direct access to that parameter
•
Details for common application set ups are
provided in 7 Application Set-Up Examples
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
47
48
20-82 PID Start Speed [RPM]
20-83 PID Start Speed [Hz]
3-02 Minimum Reference
3-03 Maximum Reference
3-10 Preset Reference
5-13 Terminal 29 Digital Input
5-14 Terminal 32 Digital Input
5-15 Terminal 33 Digital Input
Q3-21 Analog Reference
3-02 Minimum Reference
4-53 Warning Speed High
Q3-11 Analog Output
6-50 Terminal 42 Output
6-51 Terminal 42 Output Min Scale
6-52 Terminal 42 Output Max Scale
Q3-12 Clock Settings
0-70 Date and Time
0-71 Date Format
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
20-74 Maximum Feedback Level
6-12 Terminal 53 Low Current
6-13 Terminal 53 High Current
6-14 Terminal 53 Low Ref./Feedb.
Value
6-15 Terminal 53 High Ref./Feedb.
Value
Q3-3 Closed Loop Settings
Q3-30 Single Zone Int. Set Point
0-77 DST/Summertime End
Q3-13 Display Settings
0-20 Display Line 1.1 Small
0-21 Display Line 1.2 Small
0-22 Display Line 1.3 Small
0-23 Display Line 2 Large
Table 6.2
20-73 Minimum Feedback Level
6-11 Terminal 53 High Voltage
0-76 DST/Summertime Start
20-79 PID Autotuning
20-72 PID Output Change
20-71 PID Performance
20-70 Closed Loop Type
20-94 PID Integral Time
20-93 PID Proportional Gain
3-03 Maximum Reference
6-10 Terminal 53 Low Voltage
0-72 Time Format
0-74 DST/Summertime
20-81 PID Normal/ Inverse Control
20-21 Setpoint 1
6-01 Live Zero Timeout Function
6-00 Live Zero Timeout Time
6-27 Terminal 54 Live Zero
6-26 Terminal 54 Filter Time
Constant
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb.
Value
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb.
Value
Q3-20 Digital Reference
14-01 Switching Frequency
3-15 Reference 1 Source
1-00 Configuration Mode
Q3-32 Multi Zone / Adv
20-79 PID Autotuning
20-74 Maximum Feedback Level
20-73 Minimum Feedback Level
20-72 PID Output Change
20-71 PID Performance
20-70 Closed Loop Type
20-01 Feedback 1 Conversion
20-00 Feedback 1 Source
20-94 PID Integral Time
20-93 PID Proportional Gain
20-83 PID Start Speed [Hz]
20-82 PID Start Speed [RPM]
20-81 PID Normal/ Inverse Control
6-01 Live Zero Timeout Function
6-00 Live Zero Timeout Time
6-27 Terminal 54 Live Zero
6-26 Terminal 54 Filter Time Constant
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb.
Value
6-10 Terminal 53 Low Voltage
20-14 Maximum Reference/Feedb.
20-13 Minimum Reference/Feedb.
20-12 Reference/Feedback Unit
20-08 Feedback 3 Source Unit
20-07 Feedback 3 Conversion
20-06 Feedback 3 Source
20-05 Feedback 2 Source Unit
20-04 Feedback 2 Conversion
20-03 Feedback 2 Source
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb. Value 20-02 Feedback 1 Source Unit
6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
6-15 Terminal 53 High Ref./Feedb.
Value
6-14 Terminal 53 Low Ref./Feedb. Value 3-16 Reference 2 Source
6-13 Terminal 53 High Current
6-12 Terminal 53 Low Current
6-11 Terminal 53 High Voltage
6-10 Terminal 53 Low Voltage
20-14 Maximum Reference/Feedb.
20-13 Minimum Reference/Feedb.
20-14 Maximum Reference/Feedb.
6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
0-39 Display Text 3
Q3-2 Open Loop Settings
20-12 Reference/Feedback Unit
1-00 Configuration Mode
Q3-31 Single Zone Ext. Set Point
20-13 Minimum Reference/Feedb.
1-93 Thermistor Source
0-38 Display Text 2
1-90 Motor Thermal Protection
20-12 Reference/Feedback Unit
1-00 Configuration Mode
1-29 Automatic Motor Adaptation
(AMA)
0-24 Display Line 3 Large
0-37 Display Text 1
Q3-1 General Settings
6 6
Q3-10 Adv. Motor Settings
Programming
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
6.5.1 Quick Menu Structure
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
22-62 Broken Belt Delay
4-64 Semi-Auto Bypass Set-up
1-03 Torque Characteristics
4-56 Warning Feedback Low
4-57 Warning Feedback High
20-20 Feedback Function
Table 6.3
22-61 Broken Belt Torque
6-01 Live Zero Timeout Function
22-20 Low Power Auto Set-up
Q3-41 Pump Functions
4-10 Motor Speed Direction
2-00 DC Hold/Preheat Current
1-80 Function at Stop
22-60 Broken Belt Function
6-00 Live Zero Timeout Time
2-17 Over-voltage Control
1-71 Start Delay
20-79 PID Autotuning
6-25 Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb.
Value
2-16 AC brake Max. Current
Q3-40 Fan Functions
20-74 Maximum Feedback Level
6-24 Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb.
Value
2-10 Brake Function
22-46 Maximum Boost Time
6-27 Terminal 54 Live Zero
20-73 Minimum Feedback Level
6-23 Terminal 54 High Current
1-73 Flying Start
20-72 PID Output Change
6-22 Terminal 54 Low Current
22-45 Setpoint Boost
6-26 Terminal 54 Filter Time Constant Q3-4 Application Settings
20-70 Closed Loop Type
20-71 PID Performance
6-20 Terminal 54 Low Voltage
6-21 Terminal 54 High Voltage
22-44 Wake-up Ref./FB Difference
22-41 Minimum Sleep Time
22-42 Wake-up Speed [RPM]
20-83 PID Start Speed [Hz]
6-15 Terminal 53 High Ref./Feedb.
Value
22-40 Minimum Run Time
22-43 Wake-up Speed [Hz]
20-82 PID Start Speed [RPM]
6-14 Terminal 53 Low Ref./Feedb.
Value
1-73 Flying Start
1-86 Trip Speed Low [RPM]
1-87 Trip Speed Low [Hz]
22-85 Speed at Design Point [RPM]
22-86 Speed at Design Point [Hz]
5-40 Function Relay
22-84 Speed at No-Flow [Hz]
22-83 Speed at No-Flow [RPM]
5-13 Terminal 29 Digital Input
5-12 Terminal 27 Digital Input
22-81 Square-linear Curve Approximation
22-82 Work Point Calculation
5-02 Terminal 29 Mode
5-01 Terminal 27 Mode
22-77 Minimum Run Time
22-76 Interval between Starts
22-80 Flow Compensation
22-27 Dry Pump Delay
22-26 Dry Pump Function
22-46 Maximum Boost Time
22-75 Short Cycle Protection
1-71 Start Delay
22-45 Setpoint Boost
1-03 Torque Characteristics
22-44 Wake-up Ref./FB Difference
Q3-42 Compressor Functions
1-73 Flying Start
1-03 Torque Characteristics
22-90 Flow at Rated Speed
22-89 Flow at Design Point
22-88 Pressure at Rated Speed
22-87 Pressure at No-Flow Speed
22-43 Wake-up Speed [Hz]
22-42 Wake-up Speed [RPM]
22-41 Minimum Sleep Time
22-40 Minimum Run Time
22-24 No-Flow Delay
22-23 No-Flow Function
22-24 No-Flow Delay
20-94 PID Integral Time
20-81 PID Normal/ Inverse Control
6-13 Terminal 53 High Current
22-22 Low Speed Detection
22-21 Low Power Detection
22-23 No-Flow Function
22-22 Low Speed Detection
6-16 Terminal 53 Filter Time Constant 20-93 PID Proportional Gain
20-22 Setpoint 2
6-12 Terminal 53 Low Current
6-17 Terminal 53 Live Zero
20-21 Setpoint 1
6-11 Terminal 53 High Voltage
Programming
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
6 6
49
50
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
0-7*
0-70
0-71
0-72
0-74
0-76
0-77
0-79
0-81
0-82
0-83
0-89
0-**
0-0*
0-01
0-02
0-03
0-04
0-05
0-1*
0-10
0-11
0-12
0-13
0-14
0-2*
0-20
0-21
0-22
0-23
0-24
0-25
0-3*
0-30
0-31
0-32
0-37
0-38
0-39
0-4*
0-40
0-41
0-42
0-43
0-44
0-45
0-5*
0-50
0-51
0-6*
0-60
0-61
0-65
0-66
Operation / Display
Basic Settings
Language
Motor Speed Unit
Regional Settings
Operating State at Power-up
Local Mode Unit
Set-up Operations
Active Set-up
Programming Set-up
This Set-up Linked to
Readout: Linked Set-ups
Readout: Prog. Set-ups / Channel
LCP Display
Display Line 1.1 Small
Display Line 1.2 Small
Display Line 1.3 Small
Display Line 2 Large
Display Line 3 Large
My Personal Menu
LCP Custom Readout
Custom Readout Unit
Custom Readout Min Value
Custom Readout Max Value
Display Text 1
Display Text 2
Display Text 3
LCP Keypad
[Hand on] Key on LCP
[Off] Key on LCP
[Auto on] Key on LCP
[Reset] Key on LCP
[Off/Reset] Key on LCP
[Drive Bypass] Key on LCP
Copy/Save
LCP Copy
Set-up Copy
Password
Main Menu Password
Access to Main Menu w/o Password
Personal Menu Password
Access to Personal Menu w/o
Password
Clock Settings
Date and Time
Date Format
Time Format
DST/Summertime
DST/Summertime Start
DST/Summertime End
Clock Fault
Working Days
Additional Working Days
Additional Non-Working Days
Date and Time Readout
6.5.2 Main Menu
Structure
1-**
1-0*
1-00
1-03
1-06
1-1*
1-10
1-1*
1-14
1-15
1-16
1-17
1-2*
1-20
1-21
1-22
1-23
1-24
1-25
1-26
1-28
1-29
1-3*
1-30
1-31
1-35
1-36
1-37
1-39
1-40
1-5*
1-50
1-51
1-52
1-58
1-59
1-6*
1-60
1-61
1-62
1-63
1-64
1-65
1-66
1-7*
1-70
1-71
1-72
1-73
1-77
1-78
1-79
1-8*
1-80
1-81
1-82
1-86
1-87
1-9*
Load and Motor
General Settings
Configuration Mode
Torque Characteristics
Clockwise Direction
Motor Selection
Motor Construction
VVC+ PM
Damping Gain
Low Speed Filter Time Const.
High Speed Filter Time Const.
Voltage filter time const.
Motor Data
Motor Power [kW]
Motor Power [HP]
Motor Voltage
Motor Frequency
Motor Current
Motor Nominal Speed
Motor Cont. Rated Torque
Motor Rotation Check
Automatic Motor Adaptation (AMA)
Adv. Motor Data
Stator Resistance (Rs)
Rotor Resistance (Rr)
Main Reactance (Xh)
Iron Loss Resistance (Rfe)
d-axis Inductance (Ld)
Motor Poles
Back EMF at 1000 RPM
Load Indep. Setting
Motor Magnetisation at Zero Speed
Min Speed Normal Magnetising [RPM]
Min Speed Normal Magnetising [Hz]
Flystart Test Pulses Current
Flystart Test Pulses Frequency
Load Depen. Setting
Low Speed Load Compensation
High Speed Load Compensation
Slip Compensation
Slip Compensation Time Constant
Resonance Dampening
Resonance Dampening Time Constant
Min. Current at Low Speed
Start Adjustments
PM Startmode
Start Delay
Start Function
Flying Start
Compressor Start Max Speed [RPM]
Compressor Start Max Speed [Hz]
Compressor Start Max Time to Trip
Stop Adjustments
Function at Stop
Min Speed for Function at Stop [RPM]
Min Speed for Function at Stop [Hz]
Trip Speed Low [RPM]
Trip Speed Low [Hz]
Motor Temperature
1-90
1-91
1-93
2-**
2-0*
2-00
2-01
2-02
2-03
2-04
2-06
2-07
2-1*
2-10
2-11
2-12
2-13
2-15
2-16
2-17
3-**
3-0*
3-02
3-03
3-04
3-1*
3-10
3-11
3-13
3-14
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-19
3-4*
3-41
3-42
3-5*
3-51
3-52
3-8*
3-80
3-81
3-82
3-9*
3-90
3-91
3-92
3-93
3-94
3-95
4-**
4-1*
4-10
4-11
4-12
4-13
4-14
4-16
Motor Thermal Protection
Motor External Fan
Thermistor Source
Brakes
DC-Brake
DC Hold/Preheat Current
DC Brake Current
DC Braking Time
DC Brake Cut In Speed [RPM]
DC Brake Cut In Speed [Hz]
Parking Current
Parking Time
Brake Energy Funct.
Brake Function
Brake Resistor (ohm)
Brake Power Limit (kW)
Brake Power Monitoring
Brake Check
AC brake Max. Current
Over-voltage Control
Reference / Ramps
Reference Limits
Minimum Reference
Maximum Reference
Reference Function
References
Preset Reference
Jog Speed [Hz]
Reference Site
Preset Relative Reference
Reference 1 Source
Reference 2 Source
Reference 3 Source
Jog Speed [RPM]
Ramp 1
Ramp 1 Ramp Up Time
Ramp 1 Ramp Down Time
Ramp 2
Ramp 2 Ramp Up Time
Ramp 2 Ramp Down Time
Other Ramps
Jog Ramp Time
Quick Stop Ramp Time
Starting Ramp Up Time
Digital Pot.Meter
Step Size
Ramp Time
Power Restore
Maximum Limit
Minimum Limit
Ramp Delay
Limits / Warnings
Motor Limits
Motor Speed Direction
Motor Speed Low Limit [RPM]
Motor Speed Low Limit [Hz]
Motor Speed High Limit [RPM]
Motor Speed High Limit [Hz]
Torque Limit Motor Mode
4-17
4-18
4-19
4-5*
4-50
4-51
4-52
4-53
4-54
4-55
4-56
4-57
4-58
4-6*
4-60
4-61
4-62
4-63
4-64
5-**
5-0*
5-00
5-01
5-02
5-1*
5-10
5-11
5-12
5-13
5-14
5-15
5-16
5-17
5-18
5-19
5-3*
5-30
5-31
5-32
5-33
5-4*
5-40
5-41
5-42
5-5*
5-50
5-51
5-52
5-53
5-54
5-55
5-56
5-57
5-58
5-59
5-6*
5-60
5-62
5-63
Torque Limit Generator Mode
Current Limit
Max Output Frequency
Adj. Warnings
Warning Current Low
Warning Current High
Warning Speed Low
Warning Speed High
Warning Reference Low
Warning Reference High
Warning Feedback Low
Warning Feedback High
Missing Motor Phase Function
Speed Bypass
Bypass Speed From [RPM]
Bypass Speed From [Hz]
Bypass Speed To [RPM]
Bypass Speed To [Hz]
Semi-Auto Bypass Set-up
Digital In/Out
Digital I/O mode
Digital I/O Mode
Terminal 27 Mode
Terminal 29 Mode
Digital Inputs
Terminal 18 Digital Input
Terminal 19 Digital Input
Terminal 27 Digital Input
Terminal 29 Digital Input
Terminal 32 Digital Input
Terminal 33 Digital Input
Terminal X30/2 Digital Input
Terminal X30/3 Digital Input
Terminal X30/4 Digital Input
Terminal 37 Safe Stop
Digital Outputs
Terminal 27 Digital Output
Terminal 29 Digital Output
Term X30/6 Digi Out (MCB 101)
Term X30/7 Digi Out (MCB 101)
Relays
Function Relay
On Delay, Relay
Off Delay, Relay
Pulse Input
Term. 29 Low Frequency
Term. 29 High Frequency
Term. 29 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. 29 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Pulse Filter Time Constant #29
Term. 33 Low Frequency
Term. 33 High Frequency
Term. 33 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. 33 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Pulse Filter Time Constant #33
Pulse Output
Terminal 27 Pulse Output Variable
Pulse Output Max Freq #27
Terminal 29 Pulse Output Variable
6 6
5-65
5-66
5-68
5-8*
5-80
5-9*
5-90
5-93
5-94
5-95
5-96
5-97
5-98
6-**
6-0*
6-00
6-01
6-02
6-1*
6-10
6-11
6-12
6-13
6-14
6-15
6-16
6-17
6-2*
6-20
6-21
6-22
6-23
6-24
6-25
6-26
6-27
6-3*
6-30
6-31
6-34
6-35
6-36
6-37
6-4*
6-40
6-41
6-44
6-45
6-46
6-47
6-5*
6-50
6-51
6-52
6-53
6-54
6-55
6-6*
6-60
Pulse Output Max Freq #29
Terminal X30/6 Pulse Output Variable
Pulse Output Max Freq #X30/6
I/O Options
AHF Cap Reconnect Delay
Bus Controlled
Digital & Relay Bus Control
Pulse Out #27 Bus Control
Pulse Out #27 Timeout Preset
Pulse Out #29 Bus Control
Pulse Out #29 Timeout Preset
Pulse Out #X30/6 Bus Control
Pulse Out #X30/6 Timeout Preset
Analog In/Out
Analog I/O Mode
Live Zero Timeout Time
Live Zero Timeout Function
Fire Mode Live Zero Timeout Function
Analog Input 53
Terminal 53 Low Voltage
Terminal 53 High Voltage
Terminal 53 Low Current
Terminal 53 High Current
Terminal 53 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Terminal 53 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Terminal 53 Filter Time Constant
Terminal 53 Live Zero
Analog Input 54
Terminal 54 Low Voltage
Terminal 54 High Voltage
Terminal 54 Low Current
Terminal 54 High Current
Terminal 54 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Terminal 54 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Terminal 54 Filter Time Constant
Terminal 54 Live Zero
Analog Input X30/11
Terminal X30/11 Low Voltage
Terminal X30/11 High Voltage
Term. X30/11 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X30/11 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X30/11 Filter Time Constant
Term. X30/11 Live Zero
Analog Input X30/12
Terminal X30/12 Low Voltage
Terminal X30/12 High Voltage
Term. X30/12 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X30/12 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X30/12 Filter Time Constant
Term. X30/12 Live Zero
Analog Output 42
Terminal 42 Output
Terminal 42 Output Min Scale
Terminal 42 Output Max Scale
Terminal 42 Output Bus Control
Terminal 42 Output Timeout Preset
Analog Output Filter
Analog Output X30/8
Terminal X30/8 Output
Programming
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
6-61
6-62
6-63
6-64
8-**
8-0*
8-01
8-02
8-03
8-04
8-05
8-06
8-07
8-08
8-09
8-1*
8-10
8-13
8-3*
8-30
8-31
8-32
8-33
8-34
8-35
8-36
8-37
8-4*
8-40
8-42
8-43
8-5*
8-50
8-52
8-53
8-54
8-55
8-56
8-7*
8-70
8-72
8-73
8-74
8-75
8-8*
8-80
8-81
8-82
8-83
8-84
8-85
8-89
8-9*
8-90
8-91
8-94
8-95
8-96
11-**
Terminal X30/8 Min. Scale
Terminal X30/8 Max. Scale
Terminal X30/8 Output Bus Control
Terminal X30/8 Output Timeout Preset
Comm. and Options
General Settings
Control Site
Control Source
Control Timeout Time
Control Timeout Function
End-of-Timeout Function
Reset Control Timeout
Diagnosis Trigger
Readout Filtering
Communication Charset
Control Settings
Control Profile
Configurable Status Word STW
FC Port Settings
Protocol
Address
Baud Rate
Parity / Stop Bits
Estimated cycle time
Minimum Response Delay
Maximum Response Delay
Maximum Inter-Char Delay
FC MC protocol set
Telegram Selection
PCD write configuration
PCD read configuration
Digital/Bus
Coasting Select
DC Brake Select
Start Select
Reversing Select
Set-up Select
Preset Reference Select
BACnet
BACnet Device Instance
MS/TP Max Masters
MS/TP Max Info Frames
“I-Am” Service
Initialisation Password
FC Port Diagnostics
Bus Message Count
Bus Error Count
Slave Messages Rcvd
Slave Error Count
Slave Messages Sent
Slave Timeout Errors
Diagnostics Count
Bus Jog / Feedback
Bus Jog 1 Speed
Bus Jog 2 Speed
Bus Feedback 1
Bus Feedback 2
Bus Feedback 3
LonWorks
11-0*
11-00
11-1*
11-10
11-15
11-17
11-18
11-2*
11-21
13-**
13-0*
13-00
13-01
13-02
13-03
13-1*
13-10
13-11
13-12
13-2*
13-20
13-4*
13-40
13-41
13-42
13-43
13-44
13-5*
13-51
13-52
14-**
14-0*
14-00
14-01
14-03
14-04
14-1*
14-10
14-11
14-12
14-2*
14-20
14-21
14-22
14-23
14-25
14-26
14-28
14-29
14-3*
14-30
14-31
14-32
14-4*
14-40
14-41
14-42
14-43
14-5*
LonWorks ID
Neuron ID
LON Functions
Drive Profile
LON Warning Word
XIF Revision
LonWorks Revision
LON Param. Access
Store Data Values
Smart Logic
SLC Settings
SL Controller Mode
Start Event
Stop Event
Reset SLC
Comparators
Comparator Operand
Comparator Operator
Comparator Value
Timers
SL Controller Timer
Logic Rules
Logic Rule Boolean 1
Logic Rule Operator 1
Logic Rule Boolean 2
Logic Rule Operator 2
Logic Rule Boolean 3
States
SL Controller Event
SL Controller Action
Special Functions
Inverter Switching
Switching Pattern
Switching Frequency
Overmodulation
PWM Random
Mains On/Off
Mains Failure
Mains Voltage at Mains Fault
Function at Mains Imbalance
Reset Functions
Reset Mode
Automatic Restart Time
Operation Mode
Typecode Setting
Trip Delay at Torque Limit
Trip Delay at Inverter Fault
Production Settings
Service Code
Current Limit Ctrl.
Current Lim Ctrl, Proportional Gain
Current Lim Ctrl, Integration Time
Current Lim Ctrl, Filter Time
Energy Optimising
VT Level
AEO Minimum Magnetisation
Minimum AEO Frequency
Motor Cosphi
Environment
14-50
14-51
14-52
14-53
14-55
14-59
14-6*
14-60
14-61
14-62
15-**
15-0*
15-00
15-01
15-02
15-03
15-04
15-05
15-06
15-07
15-08
15-1*
15-10
15-11
15-12
15-13
15-14
15-2*
15-20
15-21
15-22
15-23
15-3*
15-30
15-31
15-32
15-33
15-4*
15-40
15-41
15-42
15-43
15-44
15-45
15-46
15-47
15-48
15-49
15-50
15-51
15-53
15-55
15-56
15-59
15-6*
15-60
15-61
15-62
15-63
RFI Filter
DC Link Compensation
Fan Control
Fan Monitor
Output Filter
Actual Number of Inverter Units
Auto Derate
Function at Over Temperature
Function at Inverter Overload
Inv. Overload Derate Current
Drive Information
Operating Data
Operating Hours
Running Hours
kWh Counter
Power Up's
Over Temp's
Over Volt's
Reset kWh Counter
Reset Running Hours Counter
Number of Starts
Data Log Settings
Logging Source
Logging Interval
Trigger Event
Logging Mode
Samples Before Trigger
Historic Log
Historic Log: Event
Historic Log: Value
Historic Log: Time
Historic Log: Date and Time
Alarm Log
Alarm Log: Error Code
Alarm Log: Value
Alarm Log: Time
Alarm Log: Date and Time
Drive Identification
FC Type
Power Section
Voltage
Software Version
Ordered Typecode String
Actual Typecode String
Frequency Converter Ordering No
Power Card Ordering No
LCP Id No
SW ID Control Card
SW ID Power Card
Frequency Converter Serial Number
Power Card Serial Number
Vendor URL
Vendor Name
CSIV Filename
Option Ident
Option Mounted
Option SW Version
Option Ordering No
Option Serial No
15-70
15-71
15-72
15-73
15-74
15-75
15-76
15-77
15-9*
15-92
15-93
15-98
15-99
16-**
16-0*
16-00
16-01
16-02
16-03
16-05
16-09
16-1*
16-10
16-11
16-12
16-13
16-14
16-15
16-16
16-17
16-18
16-22
16-26
16-27
16-3*
16-30
16-32
16-33
16-34
16-35
16-36
16-37
16-38
16-39
16-40
16-41
16-43
16-49
16-5*
16-50
16-52
16-53
16-54
16-55
16-56
16-58
16-6*
16-60
16-61
Option in Slot A
Slot A Option SW Version
Option in Slot B
Slot B Option SW Version
Option in Slot C0
Slot C0 Option SW Version
Option in Slot C1
Slot C1 Option SW Version
Parameter Info
Defined Parameters
Modified Parameters
Drive Identification
Parameter Metadata
Data Readouts
General Status
Control Word
Reference [Unit]
Reference [%]
Status Word
Main Actual Value [%]
Custom Readout
Motor Status
Power [kW]
Power [hp]
Motor Voltage
Frequency
Motor Current
Frequency [%]
Torque [Nm]
Speed [RPM]
Motor Thermal
Torque [%]
Power Filtered [kW]
Power Filtered [hp]
Drive Status
DC Link Voltage
Brake Energy /s
Brake Energy /2 min
Heatsink Temp.
Inverter Thermal
Inv. Nom. Current
Inv. Max. Current
SL Controller State
Control Card Temp.
Logging Buffer Full
Logging Buffer Full
Timed Actions Status
Current Fault Source
Ref. & Feedb.
External Reference
Feedback [Unit]
Digi Pot Reference
Feedback 1 [Unit]
Feedback 2 [Unit]
Feedback 3 [Unit]
PID Output [%]
Inputs & Outputs
Digital Input
Terminal 53 Switch Setting
16-62
16-63
16-64
16-65
16-66
16-67
16-68
16-69
16-70
16-71
16-72
16-73
16-75
16-76
16-77
16-8*
16-80
16-82
16-84
16-85
16-86
16-9*
16-90
16-91
16-92
16-93
16-94
16-95
16-96
18-**
18-0*
18-00
18-01
18-02
18-03
18-1*
18-10
18-11
18-12
18-3*
18-30
18-31
18-32
18-33
18-34
18-35
18-36
18-37
18-38
18-39
18-5*
18-50
20-**
20-0*
20-00
20-01
20-02
20-03
20-04
Analog Input 53
Terminal 54 Switch Setting
Analog Input 54
Analog Output 42 [mA]
Digital Output [bin]
Pulse Input #29 [Hz]
Pulse Input #33 [Hz]
Pulse Output #27 [Hz]
Pulse Output #29 [Hz]
Relay Output [bin]
Counter A
Counter B
Analog In X30/11
Analog In X30/12
Analog Out X30/8 [mA]
Fieldbus & FC Port
Fieldbus CTW 1
Fieldbus REF 1
Comm. Option STW
FC Port CTW 1
FC Port REF 1
Diagnosis Readouts
Alarm Word
Alarm Word 2
Warning Word
Warning Word 2
Ext. Status Word
Ext. Status Word 2
Maintenance Word
Info & Readouts
Maintenance Log
Maintenance Log: Item
Maintenance Log: Action
Maintenance Log: Time
Maintenance Log: Date and Time
Fire Mode Log
Fire Mode Log: Event
Fire Mode Log: Time
Fire Mode Log: Date and Time
Inputs & Outputs
Analog Input X42/1
Analog Input X42/3
Analog Input X42/5
Analog Out X42/7 [V]
Analog Out X42/9 [V]
Analog Out X42/11 [V]
Analog Input X48/2 [mA]
Temp. Input X48/4
Temp. Input X48/7
Temp. Input X48/10
Ref. & Feedb.
Sensorless Readout [unit]
Drive Closed Loop
Feedback
Feedback 1 Source
Feedback 1 Conversion
Feedback 1 Source Unit
Feedback 2 Source
Feedback 2 Conversion
Programming
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
6 6
51
20-05
20-06
20-07
20-08
20-12
20-13
20-14
20-2*
20-20
20-21
20-22
20-23
20-3*
20-30
20-31
20-32
20-33
20-34
20-35
20-36
20-37
20-38
20-6*
20-60
20-69
20-7*
20-70
20-71
20-72
20-73
20-74
20-79
20-8*
20-81
20-82
20-83
20-84
20-9*
20-91
20-93
20-94
20-95
20-96
21-**
21-0*
21-00
21-01
21-02
21-03
21-04
21-09
21-1*
21-10
21-11
21-12
21-13
21-14
21-15
21-17
Feedback 2 Source Unit
Feedback 3 Source
Feedback 3 Conversion
Feedback 3 Source Unit
Reference/Feedback Unit
Minimum Reference/Feedb.
Maximum Reference/Feedb.
Feedback/Setpoint
Feedback Function
Setpoint 1
Setpoint 2
Setpoint 3
Feedb. Adv. Conv.
Refrigerant
User Defined Refrigerant A1
User Defined Refrigerant A2
User Defined Refrigerant A3
Duct 1 Area [m2]
Duct 1 Area [in2]
Duct 2 Area [m2]
Duct 2 Area [in2]
Air Density Factor [%]
Sensorless
Sensorless Unit
Sensorless Information
PID Autotuning
Closed Loop Type
PID Performance
PID Output Change
Minimum Feedback Level
Maximum Feedback Level
PID Autotuning
PID Basic Settings
PID Normal/ Inverse Control
PID Start Speed [RPM]
PID Start Speed [Hz]
On Reference Bandwidth
PID Controller
PID Anti Windup
PID Proportional Gain
PID Integral Time
PID Differentiation Time
PID Diff. Gain Limit
Ext. Closed Loop
Ext. CL Autotuning
Closed Loop Type
PID Performance
PID Output Change
Minimum Feedback Level
Maximum Feedback Level
PID Autotuning
Ext. CL 1 Ref./Fb.
Ext. 1 Ref./Feedback Unit
Ext. 1 Minimum Reference
Ext. 1 Maximum Reference
Ext. 1 Reference Source
Ext. 1 Feedback Source
Ext. 1 Setpoint
Ext. 1 Reference [Unit]
21-18
21-19
21-2*
21-20
21-21
21-22
21-23
21-24
21-3*
21-30
21-31
21-32
21-33
21-34
21-35
21-37
21-38
21-39
21-4*
21-40
21-41
21-42
21-43
21-44
21-5*
21-50
21-51
21-52
21-53
21-54
21-55
21-57
21-58
21-59
21-6*
21-60
21-61
21-62
21-63
21-64
22-**
22-0*
22-00
22-01
22-2*
22-20
22-21
22-22
22-23
22-24
22-26
22-27
22-3*
22-30
22-31
22-32
22-33
22-34
22-35
Ext. 1 Feedback [Unit]
Ext. 1 Output [%]
Ext. CL 1 PID
Ext. 1 Normal/Inverse Control
Ext. 1 Proportional Gain
Ext. 1 Integral Time
Ext. 1 Differentation Time
Ext. 1 Dif. Gain Limit
Ext. CL 2 Ref./Fb.
Ext. 2 Ref./Feedback Unit
Ext. 2 Minimum Reference
Ext. 2 Maximum Reference
Ext. 2 Reference Source
Ext. 2 Feedback Source
Ext. 2 Setpoint
Ext. 2 Reference [Unit]
Ext. 2 Feedback [Unit]
Ext. 2 Output [%]
Ext. CL 2 PID
Ext. 2 Normal/Inverse Control
Ext. 2 Proportional Gain
Ext. 2 Integral Time
Ext. 2 Differentation Time
Ext. 2 Dif. Gain Limit
Ext. CL 3 Ref./Fb.
Ext. 3 Ref./Feedback Unit
Ext. 3 Minimum Reference
Ext. 3 Maximum Reference
Ext. 3 Reference Source
Ext. 3 Feedback Source
Ext. 3 Setpoint
Ext. 3 Reference [Unit]
Ext. 3 Feedback [Unit]
Ext. 3 Output [%]
Ext. CL 3 PID
Ext. 3 Normal/Inverse Control
Ext. 3 Proportional Gain
Ext. 3 Integral Time
Ext. 3 Differentation Time
Ext. 3 Dif. Gain Limit
Appl. Functions
Miscellaneous
External Interlock Delay
Power Filter Time
No-Flow Detection
Low Power Auto Set-up
Low Power Detection
Low Speed Detection
No-Flow Function
No-Flow Delay
Dry Pump Function
Dry Pump Delay
No-Flow Power Tuning
No-Flow Power
Power Correction Factor
Low Speed [RPM]
Low Speed [Hz]
Low Speed Power [kW]
Low Speed Power [HP]
22-36
22-37
22-38
22-39
22-4*
22-40
22-41
22-42
22-43
22-44
22-45
22-46
22-5*
22-50
22-51
22-6*
22-60
22-61
22-62
22-7*
22-75
22-76
22-77
22-78
22-79
22-8*
22-80
22-81
22-82
22-83
22-84
22-85
22-86
22-87
22-88
22-89
22-90
23-**
23-0*
23-00
23-01
23-02
23-03
23-04
23-0*
23-08
23-09
23-1*
23-10
23-11
23-12
23-13
23-14
23-1*
23-15
23-16
23-5*
23-50
23-51
High Speed [RPM]
High Speed [Hz]
High Speed Power [kW]
High Speed Power [HP]
Sleep Mode
Minimum Run Time
Minimum Sleep Time
Wake-up Speed [RPM]
Wake-up Speed [Hz]
Wake-up Ref./FB Difference
Setpoint Boost
Maximum Boost Time
End of Curve
End of Curve Function
End of Curve Delay
Broken Belt Detection
Broken Belt Function
Broken Belt Torque
Broken Belt Delay
Short Cycle Protection
Short Cycle Protection
Interval between Starts
Minimum Run Time
Minimum Run Time Override
Minimum Run Time Override Value
Flow Compensation
Flow Compensation
Square-linear Curve Approximation
Work Point Calculation
Speed at No-Flow [RPM]
Speed at No-Flow [Hz]
Speed at Design Point [RPM]
Speed at Design Point [Hz]
Pressure at No-Flow Speed
Pressure at Rated Speed
Flow at Design Point
Flow at Rated Speed
Time-based Functions
Timed Actions
ON Time
ON Action
OFF Time
OFF Action
Occurrence
Timed Actions Settings
Timed Actions Mode
Timed Actions Reactivation
Maintenance
Maintenance Item
Maintenance Action
Maintenance Time Base
Maintenance Time Interval
Maintenance Date and Time
Maintenance Reset
Reset Maintenance Word
Maintenance Text
Energy Log
Energy Log Resolution
Period Start
23-53
23-54
23-6*
23-60
23-61
23-62
23-63
23-64
23-65
23-66
23-67
23-8*
23-80
23-81
23-82
23-83
23-84
25-**
25-0*
25-00
25-02
25-04
25-05
25-06
25-2*
25-20
25-21
25-22
25-23
25-24
25-25
25-26
25-27
25-28
25-29
25-30
25-4*
25-40
25-41
25-42
25-43
25-44
25-45
25-46
25-47
25-5*
25-50
25-51
25-52
25-53
25-54
25-55
25-56
25-58
25-59
25-8*
25-80
25-81
25-82
Energy Log
Reset Energy Log
Trending
Trend Variable
Continuous Bin Data
Timed Bin Data
Timed Period Start
Timed Period Stop
Minimum Bin Value
Reset Continuous Bin Data
Reset Timed Bin Data
Payback Counter
Power Reference Factor
Energy Cost
Investment
Energy Savings
Cost Savings
Pack Controller
System Settings
Cascade Controller
Motor Start
Pump Cycling
Fixed Lead Pump
Number of Pumps
Bandwidth Settings
Staging Bandwidth
Override Bandwidth
Fixed Speed Bandwidth
SBW Staging Delay
SBW Destaging Delay
OBW Time
Destage At No-Flow
Stage Function
Stage Function Time
Destage Function
Destage Function Time
Staging Settings
Ramp Down Delay
Ramp Up Delay
Staging Threshold
Destaging Threshold
Staging Speed [RPM]
Staging Speed [Hz]
Destaging Speed [RPM]
Destaging Speed [Hz]
Alternation Settings
Lead Pump Alternation
Alternation Event
Alternation Time Interval
Alternation Timer Value
Alternation Predefined Time
Alternate if Load < 50%
Staging Mode at Alternation
Run Next Pump Delay
Run on Mains Delay
Status
Cascade Status
Pump Status
Lead Pump
6 6
25-83
25-84
25-85
25-86
25-9*
25-90
25-91
26-**
26-0*
26-00
26-01
26-02
26-1*
26-10
26-11
26-14
26-15
26-16
26-17
26-2*
26-20
26-21
26-24
26-25
26-26
26-27
26-3*
26-30
26-31
26-34
26-35
26-36
26-37
26-4*
26-40
26-41
26-42
26-43
26-44
26-5*
26-50
26-51
26-52
26-53
26-54
26-6*
26-60
26-61
26-62
26-63
26-64
28-**
28-2*
28-20
28-21
28-24
28-25
28-26
28-27
Relay Status
Pump ON Time
Relay ON Time
Reset Relay Counters
Service
Pump Interlock
Manual Alternation
Analog I/O Option
Analog I/O Mode
Terminal X42/1 Mode
Terminal X42/3 Mode
Terminal X42/5 Mode
Analog Input X42/1
Terminal X42/1 Low Voltage
Terminal X42/1 High Voltage
Term. X42/1 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X42/1 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X42/1 Filter Time Constant
Term. X42/1 Live Zero
Analog Input X42/3
Terminal X42/3 Low Voltage
Terminal X42/3 High Voltage
Term. X42/3 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X42/3 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X42/3 Filter Time Constant
Term. X42/3 Live Zero
Analog Input X42/5
Terminal X42/5 Low Voltage
Terminal X42/5 High Voltage
Term. X42/5 Low Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X42/5 High Ref./Feedb. Value
Term. X42/5 Filter Time Constant
Term. X42/5 Live Zero
Analog Out X42/7
Terminal X42/7 Output
Terminal X42/7 Min. Scale
Terminal X42/7 Max. Scale
Terminal X42/7 Bus Control
Terminal X42/7 Timeout Preset
Analog Out X42/9
Terminal X42/9 Output
Terminal X42/9 Min. Scale
Terminal X42/9 Max. Scale
Terminal X42/9 Bus Control
Terminal X42/9 Timeout Preset
Analog Out X42/11
Terminal X42/11 Output
Terminal X42/11 Min. Scale
Terminal X42/11 Max. Scale
Terminal X42/11 Bus Control
Terminal X42/11 Timeout Preset
Compressor Functions
Discharge Temperature
Temperature Source
Temperature Unit
Warning Level
Warning Action
Emergency Level
Discharge Temperature
Programming
52
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
28-7*
28-71
28-72
28-73
28-75
28-76
28-8*
28-81
28-82
28-83
28-84
28-85
28-86
28-87
28-9*
28-90
28-91
Day/Night Settings
Day/Night Bus Indicator
Enable Day/Night Via Bus
Night Setback
Night Speed Drop Override
Night Speed Drop [Hz]
PO Optimization
dPO Offset
PO
PO Setpoint
PO Reference
PO Minimum Reference
PO Maximum Reference
Most Loaded Controller
Injection Control
Injection On
Delayed Compressor Start
Programming
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
6 6
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
53
Application Set-Up Examples
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
7 Application Set-Up Examples
7.1 Introduction
NOTE
•
A jumper wire may be required between terminal 12 (or
13) and terminal 37 for the frequency converter to operate
when using factory default programming values.
The examples in this section are intended as a quick
reference for common applications.
Parameter settings are the regional default values
unless otherwise indicated (selected in
0-03 Regional Settings)
•
Parameters associated with the terminals and
their settings are shown next to the drawings
7.2 Set-up Examples
7.2.1 Compressor
The wizard guides the user through the set up of a refrigeration compressor by asking him to input data about the
compressor and the refrigeration system on which the
frequency converter will be running. All terminology and
units used within the wizard are common refrigeration
type and set up is thus completed in 10-15 easy steps
using just two keys of the LCP.
130BA759.11
7 7
•
Where switch settings for analog terminals A53 or
A54 are required, these are also shown
Supply
-1/12 Bar
Refrigerant Rxxx
P
Reference
Night setback
PT 1000 inputs
(optional)
Feedback
4-20 mA
0-10 V
P
Alarms
Illustration 7.1 Standard Drawing of “Compressor with Internal Control”
Wizard input:
• Bypass valve
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
54
Recycling time (start to start)
Min. Hz
Max. Hz
Setpoint
Cut in/cut out
7.2.2 Single or Multiple Fans or Pumps
The wizard guides through the process of setting up of a
refrigeration condenser fan or pump. Enter data about the
condenser or pump and the refrigeration system on which
the frequency converter will be running. All terminology
and units used within the wizard are common refrigeration
type and set -up is thus completed in 10-15 easy steps
using just two keys on the LCP.
400/230 V AC
Amps
rpm
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Application Set-Up Examples
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BA761.11
L1
L2
PE
F1
gL/UR
91 92 93
FC 103
53/54
12
18
Control signal
0-10 V or
4-20 mA
Start
Motors insulation class B minimum
Alarm
Motor
U V W PE
96 97 95 93
7 7
Cables type: LIYCY
Ltot. max. = 40 mm
Illustration 7.2 Speed Control Using Analogue Reference (Open Loop) – Single Fan or Pump/Multiple Fans or Pumps in Parallel
130BA760.11
L1
L2
PE
F1
gL/UR
91 92 93
FC 103
12
18
Start
54
55
Motors insulation class B minimum
Alarm
Motor
U V W PE
96 97 95 93
Cables type: LIYCY
Ltot. max. = 40 mm
Illustration 7.3 Pressure Control in Closed Loop – Stand Alone System - Single Fan or Pump/Multiple Fans or Pumps in Parallel
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
55
Application Set-Up Examples
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BA807.10
7.2.3 Compressor Pack
P0
7 7
130BA808.12
Illustration 7.4 P0 Pressure Transmitter
FC 103
12 18
27
20
37
55
54
U
V
W
Supply
1
2
AKS33
Illustration 7.5 How to Connect the FC 103 and AKS33 for
Closed Loop Applications
NOTE
To find out which parameters are relevant, run the Wizard.
56
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Status Messages
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
8 Status Messages
8.1 Status Display
8.2 Status Message Definitions Table
When the frequency converter is in status mode, status
messages are generated automatically from within the
frequency converter and appear in the bottom line of the
display (see Illustration 8.1.)
The next three tables define the meaning of the status
message display words.
Operation Mode
Status
799RPM
1(1)
36.4kW
7.83A
0.000
53.2%
Auto
Hand
Off
Remote
Local
a
b
130BB037.10
Off
Ramping
Stop
Running
Jogging
.
.
.
Stand by
c
The frequency converter does not react to any
control signal until [Auto On] or [Hand On] is
pressed.
Auto On
The frequency converter is controlled from the
control terminals and/or the serial communication.
Hand On
The frequency converter can be controlled by
the navigation keys on the LCP. Stop
commands, reset, reversing, DC brake, and
other signals applied to the control terminals
can override local control.
Table 8.1
Illustration 8.1 Status Display
a.
Reference Site
The first part of the status line indicates where
the stop/start command originates.
b.
The second part of the status line indicates where
the speed control originates.
c.
The last part of the status line gives the present
frequency converter status. These show the
operational mode the frequency converter is in.
Remote
The speed reference is given from external
signals, serial communication, or internal
preset references.
Local
The frequency converter uses [Hand On]
control or reference values from the LCP.
Table 8.2
Operation Status
AC Brake
AC Brake was selected in 2-10 Brake Function.
The AC brake over-magnetizes the motor to
achieve a controlled slow down.
AMA finish OK
Automatic motor adaptation (AMA) was
carried out successfully.
NOTE
In auto/remote mode, the frequency converter requires
external commands to execute functions.
AMA ready
AMA is ready to start. Press [Hand On] to start.
AMA running
AMA process is in progress.
Braking
The brake chopper is in operation. Generative
energy is absorbed by the brake resistor.
Braking max.
The brake chopper is in operation. The power
limit for the brake resistor defined in
2-12 Brake Power Limit (kW) has been reached.
Coast
•
Coast inverse was selected as a function
for a digital input (parameter group 5-1*).
The corresponding terminal is not
connected.
•
Coast activated by serial communication
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
57
8 8
Status Messages
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Operation Status
Operation Status
Ctrl. Ramp-down Control Ramp-down was selected in
Jog request
A jog command has been given, but the
motor will be stopped until a run permissive
signal is received via a digital input.
Jogging
The motor is running as programmed in
14-10 Mains Failure.
• The mains voltage is below the value set
in 14-11 Mains Voltage at Mains Fault at
mains fault
•
Current High
3-19 Jog Speed [RPM].
The frequency converter ramps down the
motor using a controlled ramp down
High.
The frequency converter output current is
below the limit set in 4-52 Warning Speed Low
DC Hold
held by a DC current set in 2-00 DC Hold/
DC Brake is activated in 2-03 DC Brake Cut
In Speed [RPM] and a Stop command is
active.
Overvoltage control was activated in 2-17 Over-
•
DC Brake (inverse) is selected as a function
for a digital input (parameter group 5-1*).
The corresponding terminal is not active.
•
The DC Brake is activated via serial
communication.
voltage Control, [2] Enabled. The connected
motor is supplying the frequency converter
with generative energy. The overvoltage
control adjusts the V/Hz ratio to run the
motor in controlled mode and to prevent the
frequency converter from tripping.
PowerUnit Off
The sum of all active feedbacks is above the
feedback limit set in 4-57 Warning Feedback
High.
The sum of all active feedbacks is below the
feedback limit set in 4-56 Warning Feedback
Protection md
The remote reference is active, which holds
the present speed.
• Freeze output was selected as a function
for a digital input (parameter group 5-1*).
The corresponding terminal is active.
Speed control is only possible via the
terminal functions Speed Up and Speed
Down.
•
Freeze output
request
Freeze ref.
58
Protection mode is active. The unit has
•
•
QStop
If possible, protection mode ends after
approximately 10 s
Protection mode can be restricted in
14-26 Trip Delay at Inverter Fault
The motor is decelerating using 3-81 Quick
Stop Ramp Time.
Hold ramp is activated via serial communication.
A freeze output command has been given,
but the motor will remain stopped until a run
permissive signal is received.
Freeze Reference was chosen as a function for
a digital input (parameter group 5-1*). The
corresponding terminal is active. The
frequency converter saves the actual
reference. Changing the reference is now only
possible via terminal functions Speed Up and
Speed Down.
(For frequency converters with an external 24
V power supply installed only.) Mains supply
to the frequency converter is removed, but
the control card is supplied by the external 24
V.
detected a critical status (an overcurrent or
overvoltage).
• To avoid tripping, switching frequency is
reduced to 4 kHz.
Low.
Freeze output
The Jog function was selected as a
reaction for a monitoring function (e.g. No
signal). The monitoring function is active.
OVC control
The motor is held with a DC current (2-01 DC
•
Feedback low
•
In 1-80 Function at Stop, Motor Check was
selected. A stop command is active. To ensure
that a motor is connected to the frequency
converter, a permanent test current is applied
to the motor.
Braking Time).
Feedback high
The Jog function is activated via the serial
communication.
Motor check
Brake Current) for a specified time (2-02 DC
8 8
•
DC hold is selected in 1-80 Function at Stop
and a stop command is active. The motor is
Preheat Current.
DC Stop
Jog was selected as function for a digital
input (parameter group 5-1*). The
corresponding terminal (e.g. Terminal 29) is
active.
The frequency converter output current is
above the limit set in 4-51 Warning Current
Current Low
•
Ramping
Ref. high
•
Quick stop inverse was chosen as a function
for a digital input (parameter group 5-1*).
The corresponding terminal is not active.
•
The quick stop function was activated via
serial communication.
The motor is accelerating/decelerating using
the active Ramp Up/Down. The reference, a
limit value or a standstill is not yet reached.
The sum of all active references is above the
reference limit set in 4-55 Warning Reference
High.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Status Messages
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Operation Status
Ref. low
The sum of all active references is below the
reference limit set in 4-54 Warning Reference
Low.
Run on ref.
The frequency converter is running in the
reference range. The feedback value matches
the setpoint value.
Run request
A start command has been given, but the
motor is stopped until a run permissive signal
is received via digital input.
Running
The motor is driven by the frequency
converter.
Sleep Mode
The energy saving function is enabled. This
means that at present the motor has stopped,
but that it will restart automatically when
required.
Speed high
Motor speed is above the value set in
4-53 Warning Speed High.
Speed low
Motor speed is below the value set in
4-52 Warning Speed Low.
Standby
In Auto On mode, the frequency converter will
start the motor with a start signal from a
digital input or serial communication.
Start delay
In 1-71 Start Delay, a delay starting time was
set. A start command is activated and the
motor will start after the start delay time
expires.
Start fwd/rev
Start forward and start reverse were selected
as functions for two different digital inputs
(parameter group 5-1*). The motor will start in
forward or reverse depending on which
corresponding terminal is activated.
Stop
The frequency converter has received a stop
command from the LCP, digital input or serial
communication.
Trip
An alarm occurred and the motor is stopped.
Once the cause of the alarm is cleared, the
frequency converter can be reset manually by
pressing [Reset] or remotely by control
terminals or serial communication.
Trip lock
An alarm occurred and the motor is stopped.
Once the cause of the alarm is cleared, power
must be cycled to the frequency converter.
The frequency converter can then be reset
manually by pressing [Reset] or remotely by
control terminals or serial communication.
8 8
Table 8.3
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
59
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
9 Warnings and Alarms
The frequency converter monitors the condition of its
input power, output, and motor factors as well as other
system performance indicators. A warning or alarm may
not necessarily indicate a problem internal to the
frequency converter itself. In many cases, it indicates failure
conditions from input voltage, motor load or temperature,
external signals, or other areas monitored by the frequency
converter’s internal logic. Be sure to investigate those areas
exterior to the frequency converter as indicated in the
alarm or warning.
Status
0.0Hz
!Live zero error [W2]
Off Remote Stop
Illustration 9.1
Warnings
A warning is issued when an alarm condition is impending
or when an abnormal operating condition is present and
may result in the frequency converter issuing an alarm. A
warning clears by itself when the abnormal condition is
removed.
Earth Fault [A14]
Auto Remote Trip
Illustration 9.2
In addition to the text and alarm code on the frequency
converter LCP, there are three status indicator lights.
ck
n
Ca
A trip can be reset in any of 4 ways:
l
ce
Press [Reset] on the LCP
Digital reset input command
Auto reset
Info
Serial communication reset input command
Trip-lock
An alarm that causes the frequency converter to trip-lock
requires that input power is cycled. The motor will coast to
a stop. The frequency converter logic will continue to
operate and monitor the frequency converter status.
Remove input power to the frequency converter and
correct the cause of the fault, then restore power. This
action puts the frequency converter into a trip condition as
described above and may be reset in any of those 4 ways.
60
1(1)
0.00A
0.000kW
0.0Hz
0
130BB467.10
Alarms
Trip
An alarm is issued when the frequency converter is
tripped, that is, the frequency converter suspends
operation to prevent frequency converter or system
damage. The motor will coast to a stop. The frequency
converter logic will continue to operate and monitor the
frequency converter status. After the fault condition is
remedied, the frequency converter can be reset. It will
then be ready to start operation again.
Status
0.0Hz
130BP086.11
An alarm or trip-lock alarm will flash on display along with
the alarm number.
9.2 Warning and Alarm Types
•
•
•
•
!1(1)
0.00A
0.000psi
0.0Hz
1:0 - Off
130BP085.11
9.3 Warning and Alarm Displays
9.1 System Monitoring
Ba
9 9
Warnings and Alarms
OK
On
Warn.
Alarm
Hand
on
Illustration 9.3
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Off
Auto
on
Reset
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Warn. LED
Alarm LED
Warning
ON
OFF
Alarm
OFF
ON (Flashing)
Trip-Lock
ON
ON (Flashing)
Table 9.1
9 9
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
61
9 9
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
9.4 Warning and Alarm Definitions
Table 9.2 defines whether a warning is issued before an alarm, and whether the alarm trips the unit or trip locks the unit.
No.
Description
Warning
1
10 Volts low
X
2
Live zero error
(X)
(X)
4
Mains phase loss
(X)
(X)
5
DC link voltage high
X
6
DC link voltage low
X
7
DC over voltage
X
X
8
DC under voltage
X
X
9
Inverter overloaded
X
X
10
Motor ETR over temperature
(X)
(X)
1-90 Motor Thermal Protection
11
Motor thermistor over temperature
(X)
(X)
1-90 Motor Thermal Protection
12
Torque limit
X
X
13
Over Current
X
X
X
14
Earth (Ground) fault
X
X
X
15
Hardware mismatch
X
X
16
Short Circuit
X
X
17
Control word timeout
18
Start Failed
23
Internal Fan Fault
X
24
External Fan Fault
X
25
Brake resistor short-circuited
X
(X)
Alarm/Trip
Alarm/Trip Lock
Parameter Reference
6-01 Live Zero Timeout
Function
(X)
(X)
14-12 Function at Mains
Imbalance
8-04 Control Timeout Function
14-53 Fan Monitor
26
Brake resistor power limit
(X)
(X)
27
Brake chopper short-circuited
X
X
28
Brake check
(X)
(X)
29
Drive over temperature
X
X
X
30
Motor phase U missing
(X)
(X)
(X)
4-58 Missing Motor Phase
Function
31
Motor phase V missing
(X)
(X)
(X)
4-58 Missing Motor Phase
Function
32
Motor phase W missing
(X)
(X)
(X)
4-58 Missing Motor Phase
Function
33
Inrush fault
X
X
34
Fieldbus communication fault
X
35
Out of frequency range
X
X
36
Mains failure
X
X
37
Phase Imbalance
X
X
38
Internal fault
X
X
39
Heatsink sensor
X
X
40
Overload of Digital Output Terminal 27
(X)
5-00 Digital I/O Mode,
5-01 Terminal 27 Mode
41
Overload of Digital Output Terminal 29
(X)
5-00 Digital I/O Mode,
5-02 Terminal 29 Mode
42
Overload of Digital Output On X30/6
(X)
5-32 Term X30/6 Digi Out (MCB
101)
42
Overload of Digital Output On X30/7
(X)
5-33 Term X30/7 Digi Out (MCB
101)
46
Pwr. card supply
47
24V supply low
62
X
2-13 Brake Power Monitoring
2-15 Brake Check
X
X
X
X
X
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
No.
Description
48
1.8V supply low
Warning
49
Speed limit
50
AMA calibration failed
51
AMA check Unom and Inom
X
52
AMA low Inom
X
53
AMA motor too big
X
54
AMA motor too small
X
X
Alarm/Trip
Alarm/Trip Lock
X
X
(X)
Parameter Reference
1-86 Trip Speed Low [RPM]
X
55
AMA Parameter out of range
X
56
AMA interrupted by user
X
57
AMA timeout
58
AMA internal fault
X
59
Current limit
X
60
External Interlock
X
62
Output Frequency at Maximum Limit
X
X
X
64
Voltage Limit
X
65
Control Board Over-temperature
X
66
Heat sink Temperature Low
X
67
Option Configuration has Changed
X
69
Pwr. Card Temp
X
70
Illegal FC configuration
71
PTC 1 Safe Stop
72
Dangerous Failure
73
Safe Stop Auto Restart
76
Power Unit Setup
77
Reduced Power Mode
79
Illegal PS config
X
80
Drive Initialized to Default Value
X
X
X
X
X
X
X1)
X1)
9 9
X
X
91
Analog input 54 wrong settings
92
NoFlow
X
X
X
22-2*
93
Dry Pump
X
X
22-2*
94
End of Curve
X
X
22-5*
95
Broken Belt
X
X
22-6*
96
Start Delayed
X
22-7*
97
Stop Delayed
X
22-7*
98
Clock Fault
X
0-7*
203
Missing Motor
204
Locked Rotor
243
Brake IGBT
X
X
244
Heatsink temp
X
X
X
245
Heatsink sensor
X
X
246
Pwr.card supply
X
X
247
Pwr.card temp
X
X
248
Illegal PS config
X
X
250
New spare parts
251
New Type Code
X
X
X
Table 9.2 Alarm/Warning Code List
(X) Dependent on parameter
1)
Cannot be Auto reset via 14-20 Reset Mode
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
63
9 9
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
The warning/alarm information below defines each
warning/alarm condition, provides the probable cause for
the condition, and details a remedy or troubleshooting
procedure.
WARNING 1, 10 Volts low
The control card voltage is below 10 V from terminal 50.
Remove some of the load from terminal 50, as the 10 V
supply is overloaded. Max. 15 mA or minimum 590 Ω.
This condition can be caused by a short in a connected
potentiometer or improper wiring of the potentiometer.
Troubleshooting
Remove the wiring from terminal 50. If the warning clears,
the problem is with the customer wiring. If the warning
does not clear, replace the control card.
WARNING/ALARM 2, Live zero error
This warning or alarm only appears if programmed by the
user in 6-01 Live Zero Timeout Function. The signal on one
of the analog inputs is less than 50% of the minimum
value programmed for that input. Broken wiring or faulty
device sending the signal can cause this condition.
Troubleshooting
Check connections on all the analog input
terminals. Control card terminals 53 and 54 for
signals, terminal 55 common. MCB 101 terminals
11 and 12 for signals, terminal 10 common. MCB
109 terminals 1, 3, 5 for signals, terminals 2, 4, 6
common).
Check that the frequency converter programming
and switch settings match the analog signal type.
Perform Input Terminal Signal Test.
WARNING/ALARM 4, Mains phase loss
A phase is missing on the supply side, or the mains
voltage imbalance is too high. This message also appears
for a fault in the input rectifier on the frequency converter.
Options are programmed at 14-12 Function at Mains
Imbalance.
Troubleshooting
Check the supply voltage and supply currents to the
frequency converter.
WARNING 5, DC link voltage high
The intermediate circuit voltage (DC) is higher than the
high voltage warning limit. The limit is dependent on the
frequency converter voltage rating. The unit is still active.
WARNING 6, DC link voltage low
The intermediate circuit voltage (DC) is lower than the low
voltage warning limit. The limit is dependent on the
frequency converter voltage rating. The unit is still active.
WARNING/ALARM 7, DC overvoltage
If the intermediate circuit voltage exceeds the limit, the
frequency converter trips after a time.
Troubleshooting
Connect a brake resistor
Extend the ramp time
Change the ramp type
Activate the functions in 2-10 Brake Function
Increase 14-26 Trip Delay at Inverter Fault
If the alarm/warning occurs during a power sag
the solution is to use kinetic back-up (14-10)
WARNING/ALARM 8, DC under voltage
If the intermediate circuit voltage (DC link) drops below
the under voltage limit, the frequency converter checks if a
24 V DC backup supply is connected. If no 24 V DC backup
supply is connected, the frequency converter trips after a
fixed time delay. The time delay varies with unit size.
Troubleshooting
Check that the supply voltage matches the
frequency converter voltage.
Perform input voltage test.
Perform soft charge circuit test.
WARNING/ALARM 9, Inverter overload
The frequency converter is about to cut out because of an
overload (too high current for too long). The counter for
electronic, thermal inverter protection issues a warning at
98% and trips at 100%, while giving an alarm. The
frequency converter cannot be reset until the counter is
below 90%.
The fault is that the frequency converter has run with
more than 100% overload for too long.
Troubleshooting
Compare the output current shown on the LCP
with the frequency converter rated current.
Compare the output current shown on the LCP
with measured motor current.
Display the Thermal Drive Load on the LCP and
monitor the value. When running above the
frequency converter continuous current rating,
the counter increases. When running below the
frequency converter continuous current rating,
the counter decreases.
WARNING/ALARM 10, Motor overload temperature
According to the electronic thermal protection (ETR), the
motor is too hot. Select whether the frequency converter
issues a warning or an alarm when the counter reaches
100% in 1-90 Motor Thermal Protection. The fault occurs
when the motor runs with more than 100% overload for
too long.
Troubleshooting
Check for motor overheating.
Check if the motor is mechanically overloaded
Check that the motor current set in 1-24 Motor
Current is correct.
64
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Ensure that Motor data in parameters 1-20
through 1-25 are set correctly.
quick. If extended mechanical brake control is selected, trip
can be reset externally.
If an external fan is in use, check in 1-91 Motor
External Fan that it is selected.
Troubleshooting
Running AMA in 1-29 Automatic Motor Adaptation
(AMA) tunes the frequency converter to the
motor more accurately and reduces thermal
loading.
WARNING/ALARM 11, Motor thermistor over temp
Check whether the thermistor is disconnected. Select
whether the frequency converter issues a warning or an
alarm in 1-90 Motor Thermal Protection.
Troubleshooting
Check for motor overheating.
Check if the motor is mechanically overloaded.
When using terminal 53 or 54, check that the
thermistor is connected correctly between either
terminal 53 or 54 (analog voltage input) and
terminal 50 (+10 V supply). Also check that the
terminal switch for 53 or 54 is set for voltage.
Check 1-93 Thermistor Source selects terminal 53
or 54.
When using digital inputs 18 or 19, check that
the thermistor is connected correctly between
either terminal 18 or 19 (digital input PNP only)
and terminal 50. Check 1-93 Thermistor Source
selects terminal 18 or 19.
Remove power and check if the motor shaft can
be turned.
Check that the motor size matches the frequency
converter.
Check parameters 1-20 through 1-25 for correct
motor data.
ALARM 14, Earth (ground) fault
There is current from the output phases to earth, either in
the cable between the frequency converter and the motor
or in the motor itself.
Troubleshooting:
Remove power to the frequency converter and
repair the earth fault.
Check for earth faults in the motor by measuring
the resistance to ground of the motor leads and
the motor with a megohmmeter.
ALARM 15, Hardware mismatch
A fitted option is not operational with the present control
board hardware or software.
Record the value of the following parameters and contact
your Danfoss supplier:
15-40 FC Type
15-41 Power Section
WARNING/ALARM 12, Torque limit
The torque has exceeded the value in 4-16 Torque Limit
Motor Mode or the value in 4-17 Torque Limit Generator
Mode. 14-25 Trip Delay at Torque Limit can change this from
a warning only condition to a warning followed by an
alarm.
Troubleshooting
If the motor torque limit is exceeded during ramp
up, extend the ramp up time.
If the generator torque limit is exceeded during
ramp down, extend the ramp down time.
If torque limit occurs while running, possibly
increase the torque limit. Be sure the system can
operate safely at a higher torque.
Check the application for excessive current draw
on the motor.
WARNING/ALARM 13, Over current
The inverter peak current limit (approximately 200% of the
rated current) is exceeded. The warning lasts about 1.5 s,
then the frequency converter trips and issues an alarm.
This fault may be caused by shock loading or quick
acceleration with high inertia loads. It may also appear
after kinetic back-up if the acceleration during ramp up is
15-42 Voltage
15-43 Software Version
15-45 Actual Typecode String
15-49 SW ID Control Card
15-50 SW ID Power Card
15-60 Option Mounted
15-61 Option SW Version (for each option slot)
ALARM 16, Short circuit
There is short-circuiting in the motor or motor wiring.
Remove power to the frequency converter and repair the
short circuit.
WARNING/ALARM 17, Control word timeout
There is no communication to the frequency converter.
The warning will only be active when 8-04 Control Word
Timeout Function is NOT set to [0] Off.
If 8-04 Control Word Timeout Function is set to [5] Stop and
Trip, a warning appears and the frequency converter ramps
down until it stops then displays an alarm.
Troubleshooting:
Check connections on the serial communication
cable.
Increase 8-03 Control Word Timeout Time
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
65
9 9
9 9
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Check the operation of the communication
equipment.
Verify a proper installation based on EMC
requirements.
ALARM 18, Start failed
The speed has not been able to exceed AP-70 Compressor
Start Max Speed [RPM] during start within the allowed time.
(set in AP-72 Compressor Start Max Time to Trip). This may
be caused by a blocked motor.
WARNING 23, Internal fan fault
The fan warning function is an extra protective function
that checks if the fan is running/mounted. The fan warning
can be disabled in 14-53 Fan Monitor ([0] Disabled).
For the D, E, and F Frame filters, the regulated voltage to
the fans is monitored.
Troubleshooting
Check for proper fan operation.
Cycle power to the frequency converter and
check that the fan operates briefly at start up.
Check the sensors on the heatsink and control
card.
WARNING 24, External fan fault
The fan warning function is an extra protective function
that checks if the fan is running/mounted. The fan warning
can be disabled in 14-53 Fan Monitor ([0] Disabled).
Troubleshooting
Check for proper fan operation.
Cycle power to the frequency converter and
check that the fan operates briefly at start-up.
Check the sensors on the heatsink and control
card.
WARNING 25, Brake resistor short circuit
The brake resistor is monitored during operation. If a short
circuit occurs, the brake function is disabled and the
warning appears. The frequency converter is still
operational but without the brake function. Remove power
to the frequency converter and replace the brake resistor
(see 2-15 Brake Check).
WARNING/ALARM 26, Brake resistor power limit
The power transmitted to the brake resistor is calculated as
a mean value over the last 120 seconds of run time. The
calculation is based on the intermediate circuit voltage and
the brake resistance value set in 2-16 AC brake Max.
Current. The warning is active when the dissipated braking
is higher than 90% of the brake resistance power. If Trip [2]
is selected in 2-13 Brake Power Monitoring, the frequency
converter will trip when the dissipated braking power
reaches 100%.
WARNING/ALARM 27, Brake chopper fault
The brake transistor is monitored during operation and if a
short circuit occurs, the brake function is disabled and a
warning is issued. The frequency converter is still
66
operational but, since the brake transistor has shortcircuited, substantial power is transmitted to the brake
resistor, even if it is inactive.
Remove power to the frequency converter and remove the
brake resistor.
WARNING/ALARM 28, Brake check failed
The brake resistor is not connected or not working.
Check 2-15 Brake Check.
ALARM 29, Heatsink temp
The maximum temperature of the heatsink has been
exceeded. The temperature fault will not reset until the
temperature falls below a defined heatsink temperature.
The trip and reset points are different based on the
frequency converter power size.
Troubleshooting
Check for the following conditions.
Ambient temperature too high.
Motor cable too long.
Incorrect airflow clearance above and below the
frequency converter.
Blocked airflow around the frequency converter.
Damaged heatsink fan.
Dirty heatsink.
ALARM 30, Motor phase U missing
Motor phase U between the frequency converter and the
motor is missing.
Remove power from the frequency converter and check
motor phase U.
ALARM 31, Motor phase V missing
Motor phase V between the frequency converter and the
motor is missing.
Remove power from the frequency converter and check
motor phase V.
ALARM 32, Motor phase W missing
Motor phase W between the frequency converter and the
motor is missing.
Remove power from the frequency converter and check
motor phase W.
ALARM 33, Inrush fault
Too many power-ups have occurred within a short time
period. Let the unit cool to operating temperature.
WARNING/ALARM 34, Fieldbus communication fault
The fieldbus on the communication option card is not
working.
WARNING/ALARM 36, Mains failure
This warning/alarm is only active if the supply voltage to
the frequency converter is lost and 14-10 Mains Failure is
NOT set to [0] No Function. Check the fuses to the
frequency converter and mains power supply to the unit.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
ALARM 38, Internal fault
When an internal fault occurs, a code number defined in
Table 9.3 is displayed.
Troubleshooting
Cycle power
Check that the option is properly installed
Check for loose or missing wiring
It may be necessary to contact your Danfoss supplier or
service department. Note the code number for further
troubleshooting directions.
No.
0
Text
Serial port cannot be initialised. Contact your
Danfoss supplier or Danfoss Service Department.
256-258
Power EEPROM data is defective or too old
512-519
Internal fault. Contact your Danfoss supplier or
Danfoss Service Department.
783
1024-1284
1299
Parameter value outside of min/max limits
Internal fault. Contact your Danfoss supplier or the
Danfoss Service Department.
Option SW in slot A is too old
WARNING 40, Overload of digital output terminal 27
Check the load connected to terminal 27 or remove shortcircuit connection. Check 5-00 Digital I/O Mode and
5-01 Terminal 27 Mode.
WARNING 41, Overload of digital output terminal 29
Check the load connected to terminal 29 or remove shortcircuit connection. Check 5-00 Digital I/O Mode and
5-02 Terminal 29 Mode.
WARNING 42, Overload of digital output on X30/6 or
overload of digital output on X30/7
For X30/6, check the load connected to X30/6 or remove
the short-circuit connection. Check 5-32 Term X30/6 Digi
Out (MCB 101).
For X30/7, check the load connected to X30/7 or remove
the short-circuit connection. Check 5-33 Term X30/7 Digi
Out (MCB 101).
ALARM 45, Earth fault 2
Earth (ground) fault on start up.
Troubleshooting
Check for proper earthing (grounding) and loose
connections.
1300
Option SW in slot B is too old
1302
Option SW in slot C1 is too old
1315
Option SW in slot A is not supported (not allowed)
1316
Option SW in slot B is not supported (not allowed)
1318
Option SW in slot C1 is not supported (not
allowed)
ALARM 46, Power card supply
The supply on the power card is out of range.
Internal fault. Contact your Danfoss supplier or
Danfoss Service Department.
There are three power supplies generated by the switch
mode power supply (SMPS) on the power card: 24 V, 5 V,
±18 V. When powered with 24 V DC with the MCB 107
option, only the 24 V and 5 V supplies are monitored.
When powered with three phase mains voltage, all three
supplies are monitored.
1379-2819
2820
LCP stack overflow
2821
Serial port overflow
2822
3072-5122
USB port overflow
Parameter value is outside its limits
5123
Option in slot A: Hardware incompatible with
control board hardware
5124
Option in slot B: Hardware incompatible with
control board hardware
5125
Option in slot C0: Hardware incompatible with
control board hardware
5126
Option in slot C1: Hardware incompatible with
control board hardware
5376-6231
Internal fault. Contact your Danfoss supplier or
Danfoss Service Department.
Table 9.3 Internal Fault Codes
ALARM 39, Heatsink sensor
No feedback from the heatsink temperature sensor.
The signal from the IGBT thermal sensor is not available on
the power card. The problem could be on the power card,
on the gate drive card, or the ribbon cable between the
power card and gate drive card.
Check for proper wire size.
9 9
Check motor cables for short-circuits or leakage
currents.
Troubleshooting
Check for a defective power card.
Check for a defective control card.
Check for a defective option card.
If a 24 V DC power supply is used, verify proper
supply power.
WARNING 47, 24 V supply low
The 24 V DC is measured on the control card. The external
24 V DC backup power supply may be overloaded,
otherwise contact your Danfoss supplier.
WARNING 48, 1.8 V supply low
The 1.8 V DC supply used on the control card is outside of
allowable limits. The power supply is measured on the
control card. Check for a defective control card. If an
option card is present, check for an overvoltage condition.
WARNING 49, Speed limit
When the speed is not within the specified range in
4-11 Motor Speed Low Limit [RPM] and 4-13 Motor Speed
High Limit [RPM], the frequency converter shows a warning.
When the speed is below the specified limit in 1-86 Trip
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
67
9 9
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Speed Low [RPM] (except when starting or stopping) the
frequency converter will trip.
ALARM 50, AMA calibration failed
Contact your Danfoss supplier or Danfoss Service
Department.
ALARM 51, AMA check Unom and Inom
The settings for motor voltage, motor current, and motor
power are wrong. Check the settings in parameters 1-20 to
1-25.
ALARM 52, AMA low Inom
The motor current is too low. Check the settings.
ALARM 53, AMA motor too big
The motor is too big for the AMA to operate.
ALARM 54, AMA motor too small
The motor is too small for the AMA to operate.
ALARM 55, AMA Parameter out of range
The parameter values of the motor are outside of the
acceptable range. AMA will not run.
56 ALARM, AMA interrupted by user
The user has interrupted the AMA.
ALARM 57, AMA internal fault
Try to restart AMA again. Repeated restarts can over heat
the motor.
•
Check the control card
WARNING 66, Heatsink temperature low
The frequency converter is too cold to operate. This
warning is based on the temperature sensor in the IGBT
module.
Increase the ambient temperature of the unit. Also, a
trickle amount of current can be supplied to the frequency
converter whenever the motor is stopped by setting
2-00 DC Hold/Preheat Current at 5% and 1-80 Function at
Stop
ALARM 67, Option module configuration has changed
One or more options have either been added or removed
since the last power-down. Check that the configuration
change is intentional and reset the unit.
ALARM 68, Safe Stop activated
Loss of the 24 V DC signal on terminal 37 has caused the
filter to trip. To resume normal operation, apply 24 V DC to
terminal 37 and reset the filter.
ALARM 69, Power card temperature
The temperature sensor on the power card is either too
hot or too cold.
Troubleshooting
Check that the ambient operating temperature is
within limits.
ALARM 58, AMA internal fault
Contact your Danfoss supplier.
Check for clogged filters.
WARNING 59, Current limit
The current is higher than the value in 4-18 Current Limit.
Ensure that Motor data in parameters 1-20 through 1-25
are set correctly. Possibly increase the current limit. Be sure
that the system can operate safely at a higher limit.
Check the power card.
Check fan operation.
WARNING 60, External interlock
A digital input signal is indicating a fault condition external
to the frequency converter. An external interlock has
commanded the frequency converter to trip. Clear the
external fault condition. To resume normal operation,
apply 24 V DC to the terminal programmed for external
interlock. Reset the frequency converter.
WARNING 62, Output frequency at maximum limit
The output frequency has reached the value set in
4-19 Max Output Frequency. Check the application to
determine the cause. Possibly increase the output
frequency limit. Be sure the system can operate safely at a
higher output frequency. The warning will clear when the
output drops below the maximum limit.
WARNING/ALARM 65, Control card over temperature
The cutout temperature of the control card is 80° C.
Troubleshooting
• Check that the ambient operating temperature is
within limits
•
•
68
Check for clogged filters
ALARM 70, Illegal frequency converter configuration
The control card and power card are incompatible. Contact
your supplier with the type code of the unit from the
nameplate and the part numbers of the cards to check
compatibility.
ALARM 80, Drive initialised to default value
Parameter settings are initialised to default settings after a
manual reset. Reset the unit to clear the alarm.
ALARM 92, No flow
A no-flow condition has been detected in the system.
22-23 No-Flow Function is set for alarm. Troubleshoot the
system and reset the frequency converter after the fault
has been cleared.
ALARM 93, Dry pump
A no-flow condition in the system with the frequency
converter operating at high speed may indicate a dry
pump. 22-26 Dry Pump Function is set for alarm.
Troubleshoot the system and reset the frequency converter
after the fault has been cleared.
ALARM 94, End of curve
Feedback is lower than the set point. This may indicate
leakage in the system. 22-50 End of Curve Function is set for
alarm. Troubleshoot the system and reset the frequency
converter after the fault has been cleared.
Check fan operation
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Warnings and Alarms
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
ALARM 95, Broken belt
Torque is below the torque level set for no load, indicating
a broken belt. 22-60 Broken Belt Function is set for alarm.
Troubleshoot the system and reset the frequency converter
after the fault has been cleared.
ALARM 96, Start delayed
Motor start has been delayed due to short-cycle
protection. 22-76 Interval between Starts is enabled.
Troubleshoot the system and reset the frequency converter
after the fault has been cleared.
WARNING 97, Stop delayed
Stopping the motor has been delayed due to short cycle
protection. 22-76 Interval between Starts is enabled.
Troubleshoot the system and reset the frequency converter
after the fault has been cleared.
WARNING 98, Clock fault
Time is not set or the RTC clock has failed. Reset the clock
in 0-70 Date and Time.
WARNING 203, Missing motor
With a frequency converter operating multi-motors, an
under-load condition was detected. This could indicate a
missing motor. Inspect the system for proper operation.
9 9
WARNING 204, Locked rotor
With a frequency converter operating multi-motors, an
overload condition was detected. This could indicate a
locked rotor. Inspect the motor for proper operation.
WARNING 250, New spare part
A component in the frequency converter has been
replaced. Reset the frequency converter for normal
operation.
WARNING 251, New typecode
The power card or other components have been replaced
and the typecode changed. Reset to remove the warning
and resume normal operation.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
69
Basic Troubleshooting
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
10 Basic Troubleshooting
10.1 Start Up and Operation
Symptom
Display dark / No function
Possible Cause
Test
Solution
Missing input power
See Table 4.1.
Check the input power source.
Missing or open fuses or circuit
breaker tripped
See open fuses and tripped circuit
breaker in this table for possible
causes.
Follow the recommendations
provided
No power to the LCP
Check the LCP cable for proper
connection or damage.
Replace the faulty LCP or
connection cable.
Shortcut on control voltage
(terminal 12 or 50) or at control
terminals
Check the 24 V control voltage
supply for terminal 12/13 to 20-39
or 10 V supply for terminal 50 to
55.
Wire the terminals properly.
Wrong LCP (LCP from VLT® 2800
or 5000/6000/8000/ FCD or FCM)
Use only LCP 101 (P/N 130B1124)
or LCP 102 (P/N 130B1107).
Wrong contrast setting
Press [Status] + [▲]/[▼] to adjust
the contrast.
Display (LCP) is defective
Test using a different LCP.
Internal voltage supply fault or
SMPS is defective
10 10
Intermittent display
Motor not running
70
Replace the faulty LCP or
connection cable.
Contact supplier.
Overloaded power supply (SMPS)
due to improper control wiring or
a fault within the frequency
converter
To rule out a problem in the
control wiring, disconnect all
control wiring by removing the
terminal blocks.
If the display stays lit, then the
problem is in the control wiring.
Check the wiring for shorts or
incorrect connections. If the display
continues to cut out, follow the
procedure for display dark.
Service switch open or missing
motor connection
Check if the motor is connected
and the connection is not
interrupted (by a service switch or
other device).
Connect the motor and check the
service switch.
No mains power with 24 V DC
option card
If the display is functioning but no Apply mains power to run the unit.
output, check that mains power is
applied to the frequency converter.
LCP Stop
Check if [Off] has been pressed.
Missing start signal (Standby)
Check 5-10 Terminal 18 Digital Input Apply a valid start signal to start
the motor.
for correct setting for terminal 18
(use default setting).
Motor coast signal active
(Coasting)
Check 5-12 Coast inv. for correct
setting for terminal 27 (use default
setting).
Apply 24 V on terminal 27 or
Wrong reference signal source
Check reference signal: Local,
remote or bus reference? Preset
reference active? Terminal
connection correct? Scaling of
terminals correct? Reference signal
available?
Program correct settings. Check
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Press [Auto On] or [Hand On]
(depending on operation mode) to
run the motor.
program this terminal to No
operation.
3-13 Reference Site. Set preset
reference active in parameter
group 3-1* References. Check for
correct wiring. Check scaling of
terminals. Check reference signal.
Basic Troubleshooting
Symptom
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Possible Cause
Motor rotation limit
Test
Check that 4-10 Motor Speed
Solution
Program correct settings.
Direction is programmed correctly.
Motor running in wrong
direction
Active reversing signal
Check if a reversing command is
programmed for the terminal in
Deactivate reversing signal.
parameter group 5-1* Digital inputs.
Wrong motor phase connection
Frequency limits set wrong
See in this manual.
Check output limits in 4-13 Motor
Program correct limits.
Speed High Limit [RPM], 4-14 Motor
Speed High Limit [Hz] and 4-19 Max
Motor is not reaching
maximum speed
Output Frequency
Reference input signal not scaled
correctly
Check reference input signal
Program correct settings.
scaling in 6-* Analog I/O mode and
parameter group 3-1* References.
Reference limits in parameter
group 3-0*.
Motor speed unstable
Possible incorrect parameter
settings
Check the settings of all motor
parameters, including all motor
compensation settings. For closed
loop operation, check PID settings.
Check settings in parameter group
Possible over-magnetization
Check for incorrect motor settings
in all motor parameters.
Check motor settings in parameter
Motor runs rough
1-6* Analog I/O mode. For closed
loop operation, check settings in
parameter group 20-0* Feedback.
groups 1-2* Motor data, 1-3* Adv
motor data, and 1-5* Load indep.
setting.
Motor will not brake
Possible incorrect settings in the
brake parameters. Possible too
short ramp down times.
Check brake parameters. Check
ramp time settings.
Check parameter group 2-0* DC
Phase to phase short
Motor or panel has a short phase
to phase. Check motor and panel
phase for shorts.
Eliminate any shorts detected.
Motor overload
Motor is overloaded for the
application.
Perform startup test and verify
motor current is within specifications. If motor current is
exceeding nameplate full load
current, motor may run only with
reduced load. Review the specifications for the application.
Loose connections
Perform pre-startup check for loose Tighten loose connections.
connections.
Problem with mains power (See
Rotate input power leads into the If imbalanced leg follows the wire,
frequency converter one position: A it is a power problem. Check mains
to B, B to C, C to A.
power supply.
Open power fuses or circuit
breaker trip
Mains current imbalance
greater than 3%
Motor current imbalance
greater than 3%
Alarm 4 Mains phase loss
description)
brake and 3-0* Reference limits.
10 10
Problem with the frequency
converter
Rotate input power leads into the If imbalance leg stays on same
frequency converter one position: A input terminal, it is a problem with
to B, B to C, C to A.
the unit. Contact the supplier.
Problem with motor or motor
wiring
Rotate output motor leads one
position: U to V, V to W, W to U.
If imbalanced leg follows the wire,
the problem is in the motor or
motor wiring. Check motor and
motor wiring.
Problem with the frequency
converters
Rotate output motor leads one
position: U to V, V to W, W to U.
If imbalance leg stays on same
output terminal, it is a problem
with the unit. Contact the supplier.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
71
Basic Troubleshooting
Symptom
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Possible Cause
Test
Solution
Bypass critical frequencies by using
parameters in parameter group
4-6*.
Acoustic noise or vibration
(e.g. a fan blade is making
noise or vibrations at
certain frequencies)
Turn off over-modulation in
Resonances, e.g. in the motor/fan
system
14-03 Overmodulation.
Change switching pattern and
frequency in parameter group
14-0*.
Increase Resonance Dampening in
1-64 Resonance Dampening.
Table 10.1
10 10
72
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Check if noise and/or vibration
have been reduced to an
acceptable limit.
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
11 Specifications
11.1 Power-dependent Specifications
Mains supply 200-240 V AC - Normal overload 110% for 1 minute
Frequency converter
Typical Shaft Output [kW]
P1K1
1.1
P1K5
1.5
P2K2
2.2
P3K0
3
P3K7
3.7
A2
A2
A2
A3
A3
IP55/Type 12
A4/A5
A4/A5
A4/A5
A5
A5
IP66/NEMA 4X
A4/A5
A4/A5
A4/A5
A5
A5
1.5
2.0
2.9
4.0
4.9
Continuous
(3x200-240 V) [A]
6.6
7.5
10.6
12.5
16.7
Intermittent
(3x200-240 V) [A]
7.3
8.3
11.7
13.8
18.4
2.38
2.70
3.82
4.50
6.00
Continuous
(3x200-240 V) [A]
5.9
6.8
9.5
11.3
15.0
Intermittent
(3x200-240 V) [A]
6.5
7.5
10.5
12.4
16.5
63
82
116
155
185
IP20/Chassis
(A2+A3 may be converted to IP21 using a conversion kit. (See
also Mechanical mounting and IP21/Type 1 Enclosure kit in the
Design Guide.))
Typical Shaft Output [HP] at 208 V
130BA058.10
Output current
Continuous
kVA (208 V AC) [kVA]
130BA057.10
Max. input current
11 11
Additional specifications
Estimated power loss
at rated max. load [W]
4)
IP20, IP21 max. cable cross
section (mains, motor, brake and
4, 4, 4 (12, 12, 12)
(min. 0.2 (24))
load sharing) [mm2 (AWG)]
IP55, IP66 max. cable cross
section (mains, motor, brake and
4, 4, 4 (12, 12, 12)
load sharing) [mm2 (AWG)]
Max. cable cross section with
disconnect
6, 4, 4 (10, 12, 12)
Weight enclosure IP20 [kg]
4.9
4.9
4.9
6.6
6.6
Weight enclosure IP21 [kg]
5.5
5.5
5.5
7.5
7.5
Weight enclosure IP55 [kg]
(A4/A5)
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
13.5
13.5
Weight enclosure IP66 [kg]
(A4/A5)
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
13.5
13.5
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
0.96
Efficiency
3)
Table 11.1 Mains Supply 200-240 V AC
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
73
74
130BA058.10
Max. input current
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
[kg]
[kg]
[kg]
[kg]
12
23
23
23
0.96
IP20
IP21
IP55
IP66
12
23
23
23
0.96
12
23
23
23
0.96
16, 10, 16 (6, 8, 6)
Weight enclosure
Weight enclosure
Weight enclosure
Weight enclosure
Efficiency 3)
35,-,-(2,-,-)
10, 10 (8,8,-)
16/6
35,-,-(2,-,-)
447
35, 25, 25
(2, 4, 4)
310
46.2
42.0
16.6
50.8
46.2
B1
B1
B1
15
B3
P11K
11
10, 10 (8,8,-)
269
30.8
With mains disconnect switch included:
Estimated power loss at rated max. load [W] 4)
IP20 max. cable cross-section (mains, brake,
motor and load sharing)
IP21, IP55, IP66 max. cable cross-section (mains,
motor) [mm2 /AWG]
IP21, IP55, IP66 max. cable cross-section (brake,
load sharing) [mm2 /AWG]
Table 11.2 Mains Supply 3x200-240 V AC
Additional Specifications
24.2
Intermittent
(3x200-240 V) [A]
11.1
8.7
28.0
33.9
26.6
22.0
30.8
B1
B1
B1
10
B1
B1
B1
7.5
24.2
B3
P7K5
7.5
B3
P5K5
5.5
Continuous
(3x200-240 V) [A]
Continuous
kVA (208 V AC) [kVA]
Mains Supply 3x200-240 V AC - Normal overload 110% for 1 minute
Frequency converter
Typical Shaft Output [kW]
IP20/Chassis
(B3+4 and C3+4 may be converted to IP21 using a conversion kit. (See also
items Mechanical mounting and IP21/Type 1 Enclosure kit in the Design
Guide.))
IP21/NEMA 1
IP55/Type 12
IP66/NEMA 4X
Typical Shaft Output [HP] at 208 V
Output current
Continuous
(3x200-240 V) [A]
Intermittent
(3x200-240 V) [A]
11 11
130BA057.10
23.5
27
27
27
0.96
35/2
35 (2)
602
59.4
54.0
21.4
65.3
59.4
B2
B2
B2
20
B4
P15K
15
23.5
45
45
45
0.96
50 (1)
50 (1)
737
74.8
68.0
26.9
82.3
74.8
C1
C1
C1
25
B4
P18K
18.5
50 (1)
35
45
45
45
0.97
35/2
845
88.0
80.0
31.7
96.8
88.0
C1
C1
C1
30
C3
P22K
22
35
45
45
45
0.97
1140
114.0
104.0
41.4
127
115
C1
C1
C1
40
C3
P30K
30
50
65
65
65
0.97
70/3/0
95 (3/0)
150 (300MCM)
150 (300MCM)
1353
143.0
130.0
51.5
157
143
C2
C2
C2
50
C4
P37K
37
185/
kcmil350
50
65
65
65
0.97
1636
169.0
154.0
61.2
187
170
C2
C2
C2
60
C4
P45K
45
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BA058.10
Max. input current
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Estimated power loss
at rated max. load [W] 4)
IP20, IP21 max. cable cross section (mains, motor, brake and
load sharing) [[mm2/AWG] 2)
IP55, IP66 max. cable cross section (mains, motor, brake and
load sharing) [[mm2/AWG] 2)
Max. cable cross section with disconnect
Weight enclosure IP20 [kg]
Weight enclosure IP21 [kg]
Weight enclosure IP55 [kg] (A4/A5)
Weight enclosure IP66 [kg] (A4/A5)
Efficiency 3)
Table 11.3 Mains Supply 3x380-480 V AC
Additional specifications
Intermittent
(3x441-480 V) [A]
Continuous
(3x380-440 V) [A]
Intermittent
(3x380-440 V) [A]
Continuous
(3x441-480 V) [A]
Continuous kVA (460 V AC) [kVA]
Mains Supply 3x380-480 V AC - Normal overload 110% for 1 minute
Frequency converter
Typical Shaft Output [kW]
Typical Shaft Output [HP] at 460 V
IP20/Chassis
(A2+A3 may be converted to IP21 using a conversion kit. (Please see also items Mechanical
mounting and IP21/Type 1 Enclosure kit in the Design Guide.))
IP55/Type 12
IP66/NEMA 4X
Output current
Continuous (3x380-440 V) [A]
Intermittent (3x380-440 V) [A]
Continuous (3x441-480 V) [A]
Intermittent (3x441-480 V) [A]
Continuous kVA (400 V AC) [kVA]
130BA057.10
P1K5
1.5
2.0
A2
A4/A5
A4/A5
4.1
4.5
3.4
3.7
2.8
2.7
3.7
4.1
3.1
3.4
62
4.9
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
0.97
P1K1
1.1
1.5
A2
A4/A5
A4/A5
3
3.3
2.7
3.0
2.1
2.4
2.7
3.0
2.7
3.0
58
4.8
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
0.96
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
0.97
4.9
88
4.7
4.3
5.5
5.0
3.8
5.6
6.2
4.8
5.3
3.9
A4/A5
A4/A5
A2
P2K2
2.2
2.9
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
0.97
6, 4, 4 (10, 12, 12)
4.9
4, 4, 4 (12, 12, 12)
4, 4, 4 (12, 12, 12)
(min. 0.2 (24))
116
6.3
5.7
7.2
6.5
5.0
7.2
7.9
6.3
6.9
5.0
A4/A5
A4/A5
A2
P3K0
3
4.0
9.7/13.5
9.7/13.5
0.97
4.9
124
8.1
7.4
9.9
9.0
6.5
10
11
8.2
9.0
6.9
A4/A5
A4/A5
A2
P4K0
4
5.0
14.2
14.2
0.97
6.6
187
10.9
9.9
12.9
11.7
8.8
13
14.3
11
12.1
9.0
A5
A5
A3
P5K5
5.5
7.5
14.2
14.2
0.97
6.6
255
14.3
13.0
15.8
14.4
11.6
16
17.6
14.5
15.4
11.0
A5
A5
A3
P7K5
7.5
10
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
11 11
75
76
130BA058.10
Max. input current
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
32
35.2
27
29.7
22.2
24
26.4
21
23.1
16.6
12
23
23
23
0.98
12
23
23
23
0.98
12
23
23
23
0.98
[kg]
[kg]
[kg]
[kg]
Weight enclosure
Weight enclosure
Weight enclosure
Weight enclosure
Efficiency 3)
IP20
IP21
IP55
IP66
16/6
23.5
27
27
27
0.98
35, -, - (2, -, -)
10, 10, - (8, 8, -)
With mains disconnect switch included:
35, 25, 25 (2, 4, 4)
525
39.6
40
44
36
10, 10, 16 (6, 8, 6)
465
34.1
34
37.4
31
31.9
44
48.4
40
44
30.5
B2
B2
B2
B4
P22K
22
30
35, -, - (2, -, -)
392
27.5
29
31.9
25
27.1
37.5
41.3
34
37.4
26
B1
B1
B1
B3
P18K
18.5
25
16, 10, - (8, 8, -)
278
20.9
Intermittent (3x440-480 V) [A]
Estimated power lossat rated max. load
[W] 4)
IP20 max. cable cross-section (mains,
brake, motor and load sharing)
IP21, IP55, IP66 max. cable cross-section
(mains, motor) [mm2 (AWG)]
IP21, IP55, IP66 max. cable cross-section
(brake, load sharing) [mm2 (AWG)]
22
24.2
19
Table 11.4 Mains Supply 3x380-480 V AC
Additional specifications
B1
B1
B1
B1
B1
B1
21.5
B3
B3
16.7
P15K
15
20
P11K
11
15
Continuous (3x380-439 V) [A]
Intermittent (3x380-439 V) [A]
Continuous (3x440-480 V) [A]
Continuous kVA 460 V AC) [kVA]
Mains Supply 3x380-480 V AC - Normal overload 110% for 1 minute
Frequency converter
Typical Shaft Output [kW]
Typical Shaft Output [HP] at 460 V
IP20/Chassis (B3+4 and C3+4 may be converted to IP21 using a
conversion kit (Please contact Danfoss)
IP21/NEMA 1
IP55/Type 12
IP66/NEMA 4X
Output current
Continuous (3x380-439 V) [A]
Intermittent (3x380-439 V) [A]
Continuous (3x440-480 V) [A]
Intermittent (3x440-480 V) [A]
Continuous kVA (400 V AC) [kVA]
11 11
130BA057.10
23.5
27
27
27
0.98
35 (2)
698
51.7
55
60.5
47
41.4
61
67.1
52
61.6
42.3
B2
B2
B2
B4
P30K
30
40
23.5
45
45
45
0.98
35/2
50 (1)
50 (1)
739
64.9
66
72.6
59
51.8
73
80.3
65
71.5
50.6
C1
C1
C1
B4
50
P37K37
50 (1)
35
45
45
45
0.98
843
80.3
82
90.2
73
63.7
90
99
80
88
62.4
C1
C1
C1
C3
P45K
45
60
35/2
35
45
45
45
0.98
1083
105
96
106
95
83.7
106
117
105
116
73.4
C1
C1
C1
C3
P55K
55
75
50
65
65
65
0.98
70/3/0
95 (3/0)
150 (300 MCM)
150 (300 MCM)
1384
130
133
146
118
104
147
162
130
143
102
C2
C2
C2
C4
P75K
75
100
185/
kcmil350
50
65
65
65
0.99
1474
160
161
177
145
128
177
195
160
176
123
C2
C2
C2
C4
P90K
90
125
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
130BA058.10
130BA057.10
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Table 11.5
5)
Estim. power loss at rated max. load [W] 4)
IP20 max. cable cross-section (mains, motor,
brake and load sharing) [mm2 (AWG)]
IP55, IP 66 max. cable cross-section (mains,
motor, brake and load sharing) [mm2 (AWG)]
Max. cable cross-section with disconnect
Mains disconnect switch included:
Weight IP20 [kg]
Weight IP21/55 [kg]
Efficiency 4)
With brake and load sharing 95/4/0
Additional specifications
Intermittent
(3x525-600 V) [A]
Mains supply 3x525-600 V AC Normal overload 110% for 1 minute
Size:
Typical Shaft Output [kW]
IP20/Chassis
IP21/NEMA 1
IP55/Type 12
IP66/NEMA 4X
Output current
Continuous
(3x525-550 V) [A]
Intermittent
(3x525-550 V) [A]
Continuous
(3x525-600 V) [A]
Intermittent
(3x525-600 V) [A]
Continuous kVA
(525 V AC) [kVA]
Continuous kVA
(575 V AC) [kVA]
Max. input current
Continuous
(3x525-600 V) [A]
6.5
13.5
0.97
50
2.7
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.4
2.9
2.6
P1K1
1.1
A3
A3
A5
A5
P2K2
2.2
A3
A3
A5
A5
4.1
4.5
3.9
4.3
3.9
3.9
4.1
4.5
92
6.5
13.5
0.97
P1K5
1.5
A3
A3
A5
A5
2.9
3.2
2.7
3.0
2.8
2.7
2.7
3.0
65
6.5
13.5
0.97
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
P3K7
3.7
A2
A2
A5
A5
122
4, 4, 4 (12, 12, 12)
(min. 0.2 (24))
4, 4, 4 (12, 12, 12)
(min. 0.2 (24))
6, 4, 4 (12, 12, 12)
4/12
6.5
13.5
13.5
0.97
-
5.7
5.2
4.9
5.0
5.4
4.9
5.7
5.2
P3K0
3
A3
A3
A5
A5
6.5
13.5
0.97
145
6.4
5.8
6.1
6.1
6.7
6.1
7.0
6.4
P4K0
4
A3
A3
A5
A5
6.6
14.2
0.97
195
9.5
8.6
9.0
9.0
9.9
9.0
10.5
9.5
P5K5
5.5
A3
A3
A5
A5
6.6
14.2
0.97
261
11.5
10.4
11.0
11.0
12.1
11.0
12.7
11.5
P7K5
7.5
A3
A3
A5
A5
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
11 11
77
78
130BA058.10
130BA057.10
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Table 11.6
5)
Mains disconnect switch included:
Weight IP20 [kg]
Weight IP21/55 [kg]
Efficiency 4)
Max. cable cross-section with
disconnect
Estim. power loss at rated max. load
[W] 4)
IP21, IP55, IP 66 max. cable crosssection (mains, brake and load
sharing) [mm2 (AWG)]
IP21, IP55, IP 66 max. cable crosssection (motor) [mm2 (AWG)]
IP20 max. cable cross-section (mains,
brake and load sharing) [mm2 (AWG)]
With brake and load sharing 95/4/0
Additional specifications
25
22
24
21.9
21.9
21
18
20
18.1
17.9
12
23
0.98
12
23
0.98
16/6
12
23
0.98
16, 10, 10 (6, 8, 8)
10, 10, - (8, 8, -)
23.5
27
0.98
35, -, - (2, -, -)
35, 25, 25 (2, 4, 4)
525
36
10, 10, - (8, 8, -)
475
28
32.7
33.9
34.3
37
34
40
36
P22K
22
B4
B2
B2
B2
35,-,-(2,-,-)
400
23
25.4
26.9
26.7
30
27
31
28
P18K
18.5
B3
B1
B1
B1
16, 10, 10 (6, 8, 8)
300
19
20.9
23
19
17.2
P15K
15
B3
B1
B1
B1
P11K
11
B3
B1
B1
B1
11 11
Intermittent
(3x525-600 V) [A]
Mains supply 3x525-600 V AC Normal overload 110% for 1 minute
Size:
Typical Shaft Output [kW]
IP20/Chassis
IP21/NEMA 1
IP55/Type 12
IP66/NEMA 4X
Output current
Continuous
(3x525-550 V) [A]
Intermittent
(3x525-550 V) [A]
Continuous
(3x525-600 V) [A]
Intermittent
(3x525-600 V) [A]
Continuous kVA
(525 V AC) [kVA]
Continuous kVA
(575 V AC) [kVA]
Max. input current
Continuous
(3x525-600 V) [A]
23.5
27
0.98
700
43
39
40.8
41
45
41
47
43
P30K
30
B4
B2
B2
B2
50, 35, 35 (1, 2, 2)
23.5
27
0.98
850
65
59
61.7
61.9
68
62
72
65
P45K
45
C3
C1
C1
C1
35/2
35
45
0.98
50,-,- (1,-,-)
50,-,- (1,-,-)
50,-,- (1,-,-)
750
54
49
51.8
51.4
57
52
59
54
P37K
37
B4
C1
C1
C1
35
45
0.98
95, 70, 70
(3/0, 2/0,
2/0)
1100
87
78.9
82.7
82.9
91
83
96
87
P55K
55
C3
C1
C1
C1
1500
137
124.3
130.5
130.5
144
131
151
137
P90K
90
C4
C2
C2
C2
70/3/0
50
65
0.98
185/kcmil350
50
65
0.98
185, 150, 120 (350 MCM, 300 MCM, 4/0)
150 (300 MCM)
150 (300 MCM)
95 (4/0)
1400
105
95.3
99.6
100
110
100
116
105
P75K
75
C4
C2
C2
C2
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Normal overload 110% for 1 minute
Size:
P11K
P15K
P18K
P22K
P30K
Typical Shaft Output [kW]
11
15
18.5
22
30
Typical Shaft Output [HP] at 575 V
10
16.4
20.1
24
33
IP21/NEMA 1
B2
B2
B2
B2
B2
IP55/NEMA 12
B2
B2
B2
B2
B2
Output current
Continuous
14
19
23
28
36
(3x525-550 V) [A]
Intermittent
15.4
20.9
25.3
30.8
39.6
(3x525-550 V) [A]
Continuous
13
18
22
27
34
(3x551-690 V) [A]
Intermittent
14.3
19.8
24.2
29.7
37.4
(3x551-690 V) [A]
Continuous kVA (550 V AC) [kVA]
13.3
18.1
21.9
26.7
34.3
Continuous kVA (575 V AC) [kVA]
12.9
17.9
21.9
26.9
33.8
Continuous kVA (690 V AC) [kVA]
15.5
21.5
26.3
32.3
40.6
Max. cable size
35
(mains, motor, brake)
1/0
[mm2]/[AWG] 2)
Max. input current
Continuous
15
19.5
24
29
36
(3x525-690 V) [A]
Intermittent
16.5
21.5
26.4
31.9
39.6
(3x525-690 V) [A]
63
63
63
63
80
Max. pre-fuses1) [A]
Environment:
Estimated power loss
201
285
335
375
430
at rated max. load [W] 4)
Weight:
IP21 [kg]
27
27
27
27
27
IP55 [kg]
27
27
27
27
27
0.98
0.98
0.98
0.98
0.98
Efficiency 4)
1) For type of fuse see 11.3 Fuse Tables
2) American Wire Gauge
3) Measured using 5 m screened motor cables at rated load and rated frequency
4) The typical power loss is at normal load conditions and expected to be within +/- 15% (tolerance relates to variety in voltage and cable conditions).
Values are based on a typical motor efficiency. Lower efficiency motors will also add to the power loss in the frequency converter and vice versa.
If the switching frequency is raised from nominal the power losses may rise significantly.
LCP and typical control card power consumptions are included. Further options and customer load may add up to 30 W to the losses. (Though typically
or slot B, each).
Although measurements are made with state of the art equipment, some measurement inaccuracy must be allowed for (±5%).
5) Motor and mains cable: 300MCM/150 mm2
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
130BA058.10
Table 11.7 Mains Supply 3x525-690 V AC
130BA057.10
54
59.4
52
57.2
51.4
51.8
62.1
59
64.9
125
720
65
65
0.98
43
47.3
41
45.1
41
40.8
49
49
53.9
100
592
65
65
0.98
65
65
0.98
880
160
78.1
71
95
4/0
61.9
61.7
74.1
68.2
62
71.5
65
P55K
55
60
C2
C2
65
65
0.98
1200
160
95.7
87
82.9
82.7
99.2
91.3
83
95.7
87
P75K
75
75
C2
C2
65
65
0.98
1440
160
108.9
99
100
99.6
119.5
110
100
115.5
105
P90K
90
100
C2
C2
only 4 W extra for a fully loaded control card or options for slot A
P45K
45
50
C2
C2
P37K
37
40
C2
C2
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
11.1.1 Mains Supply 3x525-690 V AC
11 11
79
11 11
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
11.2 General Technical Data
Mains supply
Supply Terminals
Supply voltage
Supply voltage
Supply voltage
L1, L2, L3
200-240 V ±10%
380-480 V ±10%
525-600 V ±10%
Mains voltage low/mains drop-out:
During low mains voltage or a mains drop-out, the frequency converter continues until the intermediate circuit voltage drops
below the minimum stop level, which corresponds typically to 15% below the frequency converter's lowest rated supply voltage.
Power-up and full torque cannot be expected at mains voltage lower than 10% below the frequency converter's lowest rated
supply voltage.
Supply frequency
Max. imbalance temporary between mains phases
True Power Factor (λ)
Displacement Power Factor (cos ϕ)
Switching on input supply L1, L2, L3 (power-ups) ≤7.5 kW
Switching on input supply L1, L2, L3 (power-ups) 11-75 kW
Switching on input supply L1, L2, L3 (power-ups) ≥ 90 kW
Environment according to EN60664-1
50/60 Hz ±5%
3.0 % of rated supply voltage
≥ 0.9 nominal at rated load
near unity (> 0.98)
maximum 2 times/min.
maximum 1 time/min.
maximum 1 time/2 min.
overvoltage category III/pollution degree 2
The unit is suitable for use on a circuit capable of delivering not more than 100,000 RMS symmetrical Amperes, 240/500/600/690
V maximum.
Motor output (U, V, W)
Output voltage
Output frequency (1.1-90 kW)
Output frequency (110-250 kW)
Switching on output
Ramp times
1)
0 - 100% of supply voltage
0-1000 Hz
0-8001) Hz
Unlimited
0.01-3600 s
Voltage and power dependent
Torque characteristics
Starting torque (Constant torque)
Starting torque
Overload torque (Constant torque)
maximum 110% for 1 min.*
maximum 135% up to 0.5 sec.*
maximum 110% for 1 min.*
*Percentage relates to FC 103's nominal torque.
Cable lengths and cross sections for control cables1)
Max. motor cable length, screened
Max. motor cable length, unscreened
Maximum cross section to control terminals, flexible/ rigid wire without cable end sleeves
Maximum cross section to control terminals, flexible wire with cable end sleeves
Maximum cross section to control terminals, flexible wire with cable end sleeves with collar
Minimum cross section to control terminals
1)For
power cables, see electrical data tables.
Digital inputs
Programmable digital inputs
Terminal number
Logic
Voltage level
Voltage level, logic'0' PNP
Voltage level, logic'1' PNP
Voltage level, logic '0' NPN2)
80
150 m
300 m
1.5 mm2/16 AWG
1 mm2/18 AWG
0.5 mm2/20 AWG
0.25 mm2/24AWG
18, 19,
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
271),
4 (6)1)
32, 33,
PNP or NPN
0-24 V DC
<5 V DC
>10 V DC
>19 V DC
291),
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Voltage level, logic '1' NPN2)
Maximum voltage on input
Pulse frequency range
(Duty cycle) Min. pulse width
Input resistance, Ri
<14 V DC
28 V DC
0-110 kHz
4.5 ms
approx. 4 kΩ
Safe Stop Terminal 373, 4) (Terminal 37 is fixed PNP logic)
Voltage level
Voltage level, logic'0' PNP
Voltage level, logic'1' PNP
Maximum voltage on input
Typical input current at 24 V
Typical input current at 20 V
Input capacitance
0-24 V DC
<4 V DC
>20 V DC
28 V DC
50 mA rms
60 mA rms
400 nF
All digital inputs are galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
1) Terminals 27 and 29 can also be programmed as output.
2) Except Safe Stop input Terminal 37.
3) See 3.4.6.6 Terminal 37 for further information about terminal 37 and Safe Stop.
4) When using a contactor with a DC coil inside in combination with Safe Stop, it is important to make a return way for the
current from the coil when turning it off. This can be done by using a freewheel diode (or, alternatively, a 30 or 50 V MOV for
quicker response time) across the coil. Typical contactors can be bought with this diode.
Analog inputs
Number of analog inputs
Terminal number
Modes
Mode select
Voltage mode
Voltage level
Input resistance, Ri
Max. voltage
Current mode
Current level
Input resistance, Ri
Max. current
Resolution for analog inputs
Accuracy of analog inputs
Bandwidth
2
53, 54
Voltage or current
Switch S201 and switch S202
Switch S201/switch S202 = OFF (U)
-10 to +10 V (scaleable)
approx. 10 kΩ
±20 V
Switch S201/switch S202 = ON (I)
0/4 to 20 mA (scaleable)
approx. 200 Ω
30 mA
10 bit (+ sign)
Max. error 0.5% of full scale
100 Hz
PELV isolation
+24V
18
37
Control
Mains
High
voltage
130BA117.10
The analog inputs are galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
Motor
Functional
isolation
RS485
DC-Bus
Illustration 11.1
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
81
11 11
11 11
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Pulse inputs
Programmable pulse
Terminal number pulse
Max. frequency at terminal 29, 32, 33
Max. frequency at terminal 29, 32, 33
Min. frequency at terminal 29, 32, 33
Voltage level
Maximum voltage on input
Input resistance, Ri
Pulse input accuracy (0.1-1 kHz)
Encoder input accuracy (1-11 kHz)
2/1
29,
332)
110 kHz (Push-pull driven)
5 kHz (open collector)
4 Hz
see 11.2.1 Digital Inputs
28 V DC
approx. 4 kΩ
Max. error: 0.1% of full scale
Max. error: 0.05 % of full scale
331)/322),
The pulse and encoder inputs (terminals 29, 32, 33) are galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other highvoltage terminals.
1) Pulse inputs are 29 and 33
2) Encoder inputs: 32 = A, and 33 = B
Analog output
Number of programmable analog outputs
Terminal number
Current range at analog output
Max. load GND - analog output
Accuracy on analog output
Resolution on analog output
1
42
0/4-20 mA
500 Ω
Max. error: 0.5% of full scale
12 bit
The analogue output is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
Control card, RS-485 serial communication
Terminal number
Terminal number 61
68 (P,TX+, RX+), 69 (N,TX-, RX-)
Common for terminals 68 and 69
The RS-485 serial communication circuit is functionally separated from other central circuits and galvanically isolated from the
supply voltage (PELV).
Digital output
Programmable digital/pulse outputs
Terminal number
Voltage level at digital/frequency output
Max. output current (sink or source)
Max. load at frequency output
Max. capacitive load at frequency output
Minimum output frequency at frequency output
Maximum output frequency at frequency output
Accuracy of frequency output
Resolution of frequency outputs
1)
2
27, 29 1)
0-24 V
40 mA
1 kΩ
10 nF
0 Hz
32 kHz
Max. error: 0.1 % of full scale
12 bit
Terminal 27 and 29 can also be programmed as input.
The digital output is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
Control card, 24 V DC output
Terminal number
Output voltage
Max. load
12, 13
24 V +1, -3 V
200 mA
The 24 V DC supply is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV), but has the same potential as the analog and digital
inputs and outputs.
82
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Relay outputs
Programmable relay outputs
Relay 01 Terminal number
Max. terminal load (AC-1)1) on 1-3 (NC), 1-2 (NO) (Resistive load)
Max. terminal load (AC-15)1) (Inductive load @ cosφ 0.4)
Max. terminal load (DC-1)1) on 1-2 (NO), 1-3 (NC) (Resistive load)
Max. terminal load (DC-13)1) (Inductive load)
Relay 02 Terminal number
Max. terminal load (AC-1)1) on 4-5 (NO) (Resistive load)2)3) Overvoltage cat. II
Max. terminal load (AC-15)1) on 4-5 (NO) (Inductive load @ cosφ 0.4)
Max. terminal load (DC-1)1) on 4-5 (NO) (Resistive load)
Max. terminal load (DC-13)1) on 4-5 (NO) (Inductive load)
Max. terminal load (AC-1)1) on 4-6 (NC) (Resistive load)
Max. terminal load (AC-15)1) on 4-6 (NC) (Inductive load @ cosφ 0.4)
Max. terminal load (DC-1)1) on 4-6 (NC) (Resistive load)
Max. terminal load (DC-13)1) on 4-6 (NC) (Inductive load)
Min. terminal load on 1-3 (NC), 1-2 (NO), 4-6 (NC), 4-5 (NO)
Environment according to EN 60664-1
1-3 (break), 1-2 (make)
240 V AC, 2 A
240 V AC, 0.2 A
60 V DC, 1 A
24 V DC, 0.1 A
4-6 (break), 4-5 (make)
400 V AC, 2 A
240 V AC, 0.2 A
80 V DC, 2 A
24 V DC, 0.1 A
240 V AC, 2 A
240 V AC, 0.2 A
50 V DC, 2 A
24 V DC, 0.1 A
24 V DC 10 mA, 24 V AC 20 mA
overvoltage category III/pollution degree 2
1)
IEC 60947 part 4 and 5
The relay contacts are galvanically isolated from the rest of the circuit by reinforced isolation (PELV).
2) Overvoltage Category II
3) UL applications 300 V AC 2A
Control card, 10 V DC output
Terminal number
Output voltage
Max. load
50
10.5 V ±0.5 V
15 mA
The 10 V DC supply is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
Control characteristics
Resolution of output frequency at 0-1000 Hz
Repeat accuracy of Precise start/stop (terminals 18, 19)
System response time (terminals 18, 19, 27, 29, 32, 33)
Speed control range (open loop)
Speed control range (closed loop)
Speed accuracy (open loop)
Speed accuracy (closed loop), depending on resolution of feedback device
Torque control accuracy (speed feedback)
± 0.003 Hz
≤± 0.1 ms
≤ 2 ms
1:100 of synchronous speed
1:1000 of synchronous speed
30-4000 rpm: error ±8 rpm
0-6000 rpm: error ±0.15 rpm
max error±5% of rated torque
All control characteristics are based on a 4-pole asynchronous motor
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
83
11 11
11 11
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Environment
Enclosure
Vibration test
Max. relative humidity
Aggressive environment (IEC 60068-2-43) H2S test
Ambient temperature3)
IP201)/Type 1, IP212)/Type 1, IP55/Type 12, IP66
1.0 g
5% - 93% (IEC 721-3-3; Class 3K3 (non-condensing) during operation
class Kd
Max. 50 °C (24-hour average maximum 45 °C)
Only for ≤ 3.7 kW (200-240 V), ≤ 7.5 kW (380-480 V)
As enclosure kit for ≤ 3.7 kW (200-240 V), ≤ 7.5 kW (380-480 V)
3) Derating for high ambient temperature, see special conditions in the Design Guide
1)
2)
Minimum ambient temperature during full-scale operation
Minimum ambient temperature at reduced performance
Temperature during storage/transport
Maximum altitude above sea level without derating
0 °C
- 10 °C
-25 - +65/70 °C
1000 m
Derating for high altitude, see special conditions in the Design Guide
EMC standards, Emission
EN 61800-3, EN 61000-6-3/4, EN 55011
EN 61800-3, EN 61000-6-1/2,
EN 61000-4-2, EN 61000-4-3, EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5, EN 61000-4-6
EMC standards, Immunity
See section on special conditions in the Design Guide.
Control card performance
Scan interval
1 ms
Control card, USB serial communication
USB standard
USB plug
1.1 (Full speed)
USB type B “device” plug
Connection to PC is carried out via a standard host/device USB cable.
The USB connection is galvanically isolated from the supply voltage (PELV) and other high-voltage terminals.
The USB ground connection is not galvanically isolated from protection earth. Use only an isolated laptop as PC connection to
the USB connector on the frequency converter.
Protection and Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
84
Electronic thermal motor protection against overload.
Temperature monitoring of the heatsink ensures that the frequency converter trips if the temperature reaches a
predefined level. An overload temperature cannot be reset until the temperature of the heatsink is below the
values stated in the tables on the following pages (Guideline - these temperatures may vary for different power
sizes, frame sizes, enclosure ratings etc.).
The frequency converter is protected against short-circuits on motor terminals U, V, W.
If a mains phase is missing, the frequency converter trips or issues a warning (depending on the load).
Monitoring of the intermediate circuit voltage ensures that the frequency converter trips if the intermediate circuit
voltage is too low or too high.
The frequency converter constantly checks for critical levels of internal temperature, load current, high voltage on
the intermediate circuit and low motor speeds. As a response to a critical level, the frequency converter can adjust
the switching frequency and/ or change the switching pattern in order to ensure the performance of the
frequency converter.
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
11.3 Fuse Tables
11.3.1 Branch Circuit Protection Fuses
For compliance with IEC/EN 61800-5-1 electrical standards the following fuses are recommended.
Frequency
converter
Maximum fuse size
Voltage
Type
1K1-1K5
16A1
200-240
type gG
2K2
25A1
200-240
type gG
3K0
25A1
200-240
type gG
3K7
35A1
200-240
type gG
5K5
50A1
200-240
type gG
7K5
63A1
200-240
type gG
11K
63A1
200-240
type gG
15K
80A1
200-240
type gG
18K5
125A1
200-240
type gG
22K
125A1
200-240
type gG
30K
160A1
200-240
type gG
37K
200A1
200-240
type aR
45K
250A1
200-240
type aR
1K1-1K5
10A1
380-500
type gG
2K2-3K0
16A1
380-500
type gG
4K0-5K5
25A1
380-500
type gG
7K5
35A1
380-500
type gG
11K-15K
63A1
380-500
type gG
18K
63A1
380-500
type gG
22K
63A1
380-500
type gG
30K
80A1
380-500
type gG
37K
100A1
380-500
type gG
45K
125A1
380-500
type gG
55K
160A1
380-500
type gG
75K
250A1
380-500
type aR
90K
250A1
380-500
type aR
200-240 V - T2
380-480 V - T4
11 11
1) Max. fuses - see national/international regulations for selecting an applicable fuse size.
Table 11.8 EN50178 fuses 200 V to 480 V
11.3.2 Substitute Fuses for 240 V
Original fuse
Manufacturer
Substitute fuses
KTN
Bussmann
KTS
FWX
Bussmann
FWH
KLNR
LITTEL FUSE
KLSR
L50S
LITTEL FUSE
L50S
A2KR
FERRAZ SHAWMUT
A6KR
A25X
FERRAZ SHAWMUT
A50X
Table 11.9
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
85
Specifications
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
11.4 Connection Tightening Torques
Power (kW)
Enclosure
200-240 V
380-480/500
V
Torque (Nm)
525-600 V
A2
1.1-2.2
1.1-4.0
A3
3.0-3.7
5.5-7.5
A4
1.1-2.2
1.1-4.0
A5
1.1-3.7
1.1-7.5
1.1-7.5
B1
5.5-7.5
11-15
11-15
B2
11
18
22
18
22
B3
5.5 -7.5
11-15
B4
11-15
18-30
C1
15-22
30-45
525-690 V
Mains
Motor
Earth
Relay
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
3
0.6
1.8
1.8
1.8
3
0.6
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
3
0.6
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
3
0.6
1.8
1.8
1.5
1.5
3
0.6
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
3.7
3.7
3.7
3.7
3
3
0.6
0.6
11-15
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.8
3
0.6
18-30
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
3
0.6
30-45
10
10
10
10
3
0.6
14/241)
14/241)
14
14
3
0.6
10
10
10
3
0.6
14
14
3
0.6
11
22
C2
30-37
55 -75
55-75
C3
18-22
37-45
37-45
30-75
10
C4
30-37
55-75
55-75
14/24
1)
14/24
For different cable dimensions x/y, where x ≤ 95 mm2 and y ≥ 95 mm2.
11 11
86
Brake
1.8
1.1-7.5
Table 11.10 Tightening of Terminals
1)
DC
connecti
on
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
1)
Index
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Index
D
A
A53............................................................................................................. 23
DC
Current............................................................................................ 7, 58
Link........................................................................................................ 64
A54............................................................................................................. 23
Derating...................................................................................................... 9
AC
Input................................................................................................. 7, 18
Mains......................................................................................... 7, 11, 18
Waveform.............................................................................................. 7
Digital
Input....................................................................................... 59, 65, 23
Inputs..................................................................................... 21, 59, 46
Alarm/Warning Code List.................................................................. 63
Disconnect
Switch................................................................................................... 30
Switches.............................................................................................. 28
Alarms....................................................................................................... 60
Downloading Data From The LCP.................................................. 42
Alarm Log................................................................................................ 40
AMA.................................................................................................... 65, 68
Analog
Inputs............................................................................................ 21, 64
Output.................................................................................................. 21
Signal.................................................................................................... 64
E
Approvals................................................................................................... 4
Earthing.................................................................................................... 29
Auto
Auto...................................................................................................... 41
Mode..................................................................................................... 40
On............................................................................................ 41, 57, 59
Electrical Noise...................................................................................... 14
Automatic Motor Adaptation................................................... 37, 57
Auto-reset............................................................................................... 39
B
Earth
Connections....................................................................................... 29
Wire....................................................................................................... 29
EMC............................................................................................................ 29
EN50178 Fuses 200 V To 480 V........................................................ 85
External
Commands..................................................................................... 7, 57
Controllers............................................................................................. 7
Interlock........................................................................................ 23, 46
Voltage................................................................................................. 44
Back Plate................................................................................................ 10
Braking.............................................................................................. 66, 57
F
Fault Log.................................................................................................. 40
Feedback..................................................................... 23, 29, 67, 58, 68
C
Circuit Breakers...................................................................................... 29
Five Ways Of Operating...................................................................... 43
Clearance
Clearance............................................................................................... 9
Requirements....................................................................................... 9
Floating Delta........................................................................................ 18
Closed Loop............................................................................................ 23
Frequency
Converter............................................................................................ 21
Converter Block Diagram................................................................ 7
Communication Option..................................................................... 66
Full Load Current.............................................................................. 9, 28
Conduit................................................................................... 13, 29, 0
Functional Testing........................................................................... 7, 38
Control
Cables................................................................................................... 22
Card....................................................................................................... 64
Card, USB Serial Communication............................................... 84
Signal...................................................................................... 44, 45, 57
System.................................................................................................... 7
Terminals................................................... 11, 36, 41, 57, 59, 45, 22
Wire....................................................................................................... 22
Wiring.............................................................................. 13, 14, 22, 29
Fuses..................................................................................... 29, 66, 70, 85
Cooling
Cooling................................................................................................... 9
Clearance............................................................................................ 29
Copying Parameter Settings............................................................ 41
Fusing................................................................................................ 13, 29
G
Ground
Connections................................................................................ 14, 29
Loops.................................................................................................... 22
Wire................................................................................................ 14, 29
Grounded Delta.................................................................................... 18
Grounding
Grounding.............................................................. 14, 15, 18, 28, 29
Using Shielded Cable...................................................................... 14
Current
Limit...................................................................................................... 38
Rating............................................................................................... 9, 64
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
87
Index
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
H
Hand
Hand..................................................................................................... 41
On............................................................................................ 38, 41, 57
Harmonics.................................................................................................. 7
How To Connect To Mains And Earthing For B1 And B2........ 20
I
IEC 61800-3............................................................................................. 18
Induced Voltage.................................................................................... 13
Initialisation............................................................................................ 42
Input
Current................................................................................................. 18
Disconnect.......................................................................................... 18
Power..................................................... 13, 14, 18, 29, 60, 70, 7, 28
Signal.................................................................................................... 45
Signals.................................................................................................. 23
Terminals................................................................. 11, 18, 23, 28, 64
Voltage.......................................................................................... 30, 60
Installation......................................................... 7, 9, 10, 13, 22, 29, 30
Isolated Mains........................................................................................ 18
Motor
Cables................................................................................ 9, 13, 15, 37
Current.............................................................................. 7, 37, 68, 40
Data........................................................................... 35, 38, 65, 68, 37
Frequency........................................................................................... 40
Output.................................................................................................. 80
Power....................................................................... 11, 13, 14, 68, 40
Protection.................................................................................... 13, 84
Rotation........................................................................................ 37, 40
Speeds.................................................................................................. 35
Status...................................................................................................... 7
Wiring..................................................................................... 13, 14, 29
Mounting.......................................................................................... 10, 29
Multiple
Frequency Converters............................................................. 13, 15
Motors.................................................................................................. 28
N
Navigation Keys......................................................... 35, 44, 57, 39, 41
Noise Isolation................................................................................ 13, 29
O
Open Loop....................................................................................... 23, 44
Operation Keys...................................................................................... 41
Optional Equipment.............................................................. 15, 23, 30
L
Leakage Current.................................................................................... 28
Lifting........................................................................................................ 10
Local
Control................................................................................... 39, 41, 57
Control Panel..................................................................................... 39
Mode..................................................................................................... 38
Operation............................................................................................ 39
Start....................................................................................................... 38
Local-control Test................................................................................. 38
Output
Current.......................................................................................... 58, 64
Signal.................................................................................................... 47
Terminals...................................................................................... 11, 28
Overcurrent............................................................................................ 58
Overload Protection........................................................................ 9, 13
Overvoltage..................................................................................... 38, 58
P
Parameter Settings.............................................................................. 41
M
Main Menu....................................................................................... 44, 40
Mains
Mains.................................................................................................... 13
Connection For A2 And A3........................................................... 18
Connection For B1 And B2........................................................... 20
Connection For C1 And C2........................................................... 20
Voltage................................................................................... 40, 41, 58
Manual Initialisation............................................................................ 42
Menu
Keys................................................................................................ 39, 40
Structure....................................................................................... 41, 48
Phase Loss............................................................................................... 64
Power
Connections....................................................................................... 13
Factor........................................................................................ 7, 15, 29
Power-dependent................................................................................ 73
Pre-start.................................................................................................... 28
Programming............................ 7, 23, 38, 40, 43, 46, 47, 64, 39, 41
Q
Quick
Menu................................................................................ 40, 44, 46, 40
Set-up................................................................................................... 36
R
Ramp-down Time................................................................................. 38
Ramp-up Time....................................................................................... 38
RCD............................................................................................................ 14
88
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
Index
VLT® Refrigeration Drive 1.1-90 kW Operating Instructions
Reference....................................................................... 4, 54, 57, 58, 40
Relay Outputs........................................................................................ 21
Remote
Commands............................................................................................ 7
Reference............................................................................................ 58
Trip
Trip........................................................................................................ 60
Function.............................................................................................. 13
Trip-lock................................................................................................... 60
Troubleshooting............................................................................... 7, 64
Reset................................................................ 39, 42, 59, 60, 64, 68, 41
Restoring Default Settings................................................................ 42
RFI Filter................................................................................................... 18
U
Uploading Data To The LCP.............................................................. 42
RMS Current.............................................................................................. 7
RS-485....................................................................................................... 27
V
Run
Command........................................................................................... 38
Permissive........................................................................................... 58
Voltage
Imbalance........................................................................................... 64
Level...................................................................................................... 80
S
W
Set Up....................................................................................................... 40
Warning
And Alarm Definitions.................................................................... 62
And Alarm Displays......................................................................... 60
And Alarm Types.............................................................................. 60
Setpoint.................................................................................................... 59
Warnings.................................................................................................. 60
Set-up................................................................................................ 38, 40
Wire Sizes.......................................................................................... 14, 15
Safety Inspection.................................................................................. 28
Serial Communication................... 7, 11, 21, 22, 41, 57, 58, 59, 60
Shielded
Cable......................................................................................... 9, 13, 29
Wire....................................................................................................... 13
Short Circuit............................................................................................ 65
Sleep Mode............................................................................................. 59
Specifications............................................................................. 7, 10, 73
Speed Reference.............................................................. 23, 38, 45, 57
Start Up......................................................................................... 7, 42, 44
Status Mode............................................................................................ 57
Stop Command..................................................................................... 58
Supply Voltage........................................................................ 21, 28, 66
Switching Frequency.......................................................................... 58
Symbols...................................................................................................... 4
System
Feedback............................................................................................... 7
Monitoring.......................................................................................... 60
Start Up................................................................................................ 38
T
Temperature Limits............................................................................. 29
Terminal
53............................................................................................. 44, 23, 44
54........................................................................................................... 23
Programming Examples................................................................ 45
Tightening Of Terminals.................................................................... 86
Torque
Characteristics................................................................................... 80
Limit...................................................................................................... 38
Transient Protection.............................................................................. 7
MG16E102 - VLT® is a registered Danfoss trademark
89
www.danfoss.com/drives
130R0380
MG16E102
*MG16E102*
Rev. 2012-02-06
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