TimesTen Troubleshooting Guide
Oracle® TimesTen In-Memory Database
Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Release 11.2.1
E13075-07
January 2011
Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide, Release 11.2.1
E13075-07
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Contents
Preface ................................................................................................................................................................. ix
Audience.......................................................................................................................................................
Related documents......................................................................................................................................
Conventions .................................................................................................................................................
Documentation Accessibility .....................................................................................................................
Technical support ........................................................................................................................................
ix
ix
ix
x
xi
What's New ...................................................................................................................................................... xiii
New features in release 11.2.1.7.0 ...........................................................................................................
New features in release 11.2.1.6.0 ...........................................................................................................
New features in release 11.2.1.0 ..............................................................................................................
xiii
xiii
xiii
1 Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen
Using the ttIsql utility ............................................................................................................................. 1-1
Using the ttStatus utility......................................................................................................................... 1-2
Using the ttCapture utility...................................................................................................................... 1-5
Using the logs generated by the TimesTen daemon ......................................................................... 1-6
Using the ttTraceMon utility.................................................................................................................. 1-6
Starting a trace and reading the trace buffer.................................................................................. 1-7
SQL tracing.......................................................................................................................................... 1-9
API tracing ....................................................................................................................................... 1-10
DEADLOCK tracing ....................................................................................................................... 1-11
LOCK tracing ................................................................................................................................... 1-12
ERR tracing....................................................................................................................................... 1-13
AGING tracing ................................................................................................................................ 1-14
AUTOREFRESH tracing................................................................................................................. 1-16
Using the ttXactAdmin utility............................................................................................................. 1-19
Using ODBC tracing ............................................................................................................................. 1-20
Using SNMP traps to detect events ................................................................................................... 1-20
Monitoring the TimesTen system tables .......................................................................................... 1-20
Using the query optimizer................................................................................................................... 1-21
2 Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases
Unable to start or stop TimesTen daemon .......................................................................................... 2-1
No response from TimesTen daemon or subdaemon ....................................................................... 2-2
iii
Check the TimesTen user error log.................................................................................................. 2-2
Extract a stack trace from the core file ............................................................................................ 2-2
Unable to create shared segment........................................................................................................... 2-3
Application unable to connect to database in direct mode.............................................................. 2-3
Upgrading your database ................................................................................................................. 2-4
Privileges to connect to database ..................................................................................................... 2-4
Check file system permissions to access database ........................................................................ 2-4
Check that the TimesTen daemon is running ................................................................................ 2-4
Check DSN definition........................................................................................................................ 2-4
Check DSN attributes ................................................................................................................. 2-4
Check path name to database and transaction log directories............................................. 2-5
Manage semaphores and shared memory segments.................................................................... 2-5
Check available swap space (virtual memory) .............................................................................. 2-6
Increase the number of available file descriptors.......................................................................... 2-6
Troubleshooting Client/Server problems............................................................................................ 2-6
Cannot connect to the TimesTen Server ......................................................................................... 2-6
TimesTen Server failed ..................................................................................................................... 2-7
Cannot find Server DSN.................................................................................................................... 2-7
TimesTen Server failed to load DRIVER ........................................................................................ 2-8
Application times out when accessing TimesTen Server............................................................. 2-8
TimesTen Client loses connection with TimesTen Server ........................................................... 2-8
Failed to attach to shared memory segment for IPC..................................................................... 2-8
Increasing the maximum server connections on Windows XP................................................... 2-8
Thread stack overflow when using multiple client connections................................................. 2-8
Out of space when DSN specifies new database........................................................................... 2-9
Application connects or disconnects are slow .................................................................................... 2-9
Check if database is being recovered .............................................................................................. 2-9
Check ODBC tracing.......................................................................................................................... 2-9
Application becomes disconnected unexpectedly............................................................................. 2-9
Check for ODBC or JDBC errors ................................................................................................... 2-10
Check the user error log ................................................................................................................. 2-10
Application is slow ............................................................................................................................... 2-10
Consider connection mode ............................................................................................................ 2-11
Update statistics for your tables.................................................................................................... 2-11
Verify lock and isolation levels ..................................................................................................... 2-12
Check trace settings ........................................................................................................................ 2-12
Check partition counts for the tables............................................................................................ 2-12
Application unresponsive, appears hung......................................................................................... 2-13
Check logs and gather trace information..................................................................................... 2-13
Check for ODBC errors .................................................................................................................. 2-13
Check for deadlocks and timeouts ............................................................................................... 2-14
Application unable to find previously created objects.................................................................. 2-14
Specify object owner ....................................................................................................................... 2-15
Check privilege to access tables .................................................................................................... 2-15
Check temporary DSN attribute ................................................................................................... 2-15
Check Overwrite DSN attribute.................................................................................................... 2-15
Check path name to database........................................................................................................ 2-15
iv
Troubleshooting OCI and Pro*C/C++ applications .......................................................................
Running out of a resource....................................................................................................................
Operating system tools and shared memory ..............................................................................
Check the amount of memory allocated to the database ..........................................................
Permanent segment filling up................................................................................................
Temporary segment filling up ...............................................................................................
Update query optimizer statistics.................................................................................................
Check memory used by queries....................................................................................................
Check available swap space (virtual memory) ...........................................................................
Out of memory after fatal crash of the database ........................................................................
Check transaction log file use of disk space ................................................................................
Check if tracing is enabled.............................................................................................................
Check the semaphore limit ............................................................................................................
Duplicate results from a SELECT statement....................................................................................
Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory .............................................................................................
2-16
2-16
2-16
2-17
2-17
2-18
2-18
2-18
2-18
2-19
2-19
2-20
2-20
2-21
2-21
3 Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache
Unable to create a cache group .............................................................................................................. 3-2
Unable to start or stop the cache agent................................................................................................. 3-2
Check status of the cache agent........................................................................................................ 3-3
Check ORACLE_HOME environment variable ............................................................................ 3-3
Check NLS environment variables .................................................................................................. 3-3
Recovering cache grid after unexpected system shutdown ............................................................. 3-3
A portion of the cache grid nodes are still running ...................................................................... 3-3
All cache grid nodes exited unexpectedly...................................................................................... 3-4
Unable to resolve Oracle Service Name............................................................................................... 3-4
Unable to resolve connect identifier..................................................................................................... 3-5
Incompatible Oracle Server and Client versions ............................................................................... 3-5
Unable to validate Oracle username and password .......................................................................... 3-5
Check library path environment variable ...................................................................................... 3-6
Check status of TNS listener and Oracle Server ............................................................................ 3-6
Check Oracle privileges..................................................................................................................... 3-6
Check DSN definition........................................................................................................................ 3-6
Reboot TimesTen machine................................................................................................................ 3-7
Set the cache administration user id and password ..................................................................... 3-7
Check user and system environment .............................................................................................. 3-7
Verify the loaded dynamic libraries ................................................................................................ 3-7
OCI initialization failed.......................................................................................................................... 3-8
Unsupported data type mapping .......................................................................................................... 3-9
Null constraint does not match Oracle................................................................................................. 3-9
DDL operations on cached Oracle tables may cause cache group operations to fail.................. 3-9
Changes not visible after updating object in cache group ........................................................... 3-10
Loading or refreshing fails .................................................................................................................. 3-10
Monitoring autorefresh cache groups ............................................................................................... 3-10
Using the ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure..................................................................... 3-11
Displaying information from the change log tables .................................................................. 3-13
Understanding messages about autorefresh in the support log .............................................. 3-13
v
Diagnosing autorefresh failure ..................................................................................................... 3-14
Diagnosing autorefresh performance problems......................................................................... 3-15
Using SNMP traps for alerts about autorefresh problems........................................................ 3-15
Optimize Performance for IMDB Cache .......................................................................................... 3-15
Autorefresh not refreshing cache at the specified interval ........................................................... 3-16
Reset autorefresh state.................................................................................................................... 3-17
Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects ............................................................................. 3-17
Incremental autorefresh not progressing ......................................................................................... 3-18
Validate autorefresh Oracle objects .............................................................................................. 3-18
Incremental autorefresh becomes full autorefresh......................................................................... 3-19
Detecting when incremental autorefresh becomes full ............................................................. 3-19
Understanding the cache administration user tablespace ........................................................ 3-19
Diagnosing a full cache administration user tablespace ........................................................... 3-20
Monitoring the usage of the cache administration user's tablespace ...................................... 3-21
Considerations when the cache administration user's tablespace is full ................................ 3-21
Poor autorefresh performance ............................................................................................................ 3-22
Unresponsive or dead TimesTen database degrades autorefresh performance ................... 3-23
Setting cached TimesTen database timeout ........................................................................ 3-23
Configuring recovery method for certain cache groups .................................................... 3-23
Excessive deadlocks, buffer busy and row lock waits during autorefresh cache group refresh....
3-26
Abnormally large log and base tables degrade autorefresh performance.............................. 3-27
Performance degrades when autorefresh interval is small....................................................... 3-28
Declaring NOVALIDATE on constraints causes cache group creation failure ........................ 3-28
AWR report showing lock contention with DBMS_LOCK ......................................................... 3-29
4 Troubleshooting Installation, Upgrades and Downgrades
Installing 32-bit TimesTen on 64-bit Windows.................................................................................. 4-1
Downgrading a database with Oracle data types to TimesTen 6.0 ................................................ 4-1
5 Troubleshooting AWT Cache Groups
Unable to start or stop replication agent..............................................................................................
Replication does not work......................................................................................................................
Using SNMP traps for notification of replication events.................................................................
Monitoring AWT performance..............................................................................................................
Possible causes of poor AWT performance.........................................................................................
Permanent Oracle errors reported by TimesTen................................................................................
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen ..................................................................................
5-1
5-2
5-2
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-4
6 Troubleshooting Replication
Unable to create a replication scheme ..................................................................................................
Unable to alter a replication scheme ....................................................................................................
Unable to start or stop replication agent..............................................................................................
Using SNMP traps for notification of replication events.................................................................
Replication does not work......................................................................................................................
Check status of TimesTen daemon and replication agents..........................................................
vi
6-1
6-2
6-2
6-3
6-3
6-3
Check that replication agents are communicating ........................................................................ 6-5
Check replication state ...................................................................................................................... 6-5
Check replication scheme configuration ........................................................................................ 6-6
Check ttRepAdmin -showconfig .............................................................................................. 6-6
Check the TTREP.TTSTORES table .......................................................................................... 6-7
Check host names ....................................................................................................................... 6-7
Check owner names........................................................................................................................... 6-7
Checking replication owner ...................................................................................................... 6-8
Checking table owner................................................................................................................. 6-8
Check consistency between replicated tables ................................................................................ 6-9
Replication unresponsive, appears hung ......................................................................................... 6-10
Check replication state ................................................................................................................... 6-10
Check return receipt timeout setting............................................................................................ 6-10
Poor replication or XLA performance................................................................................................ 6-11
Check network bandwidth ............................................................................................................ 6-11
Check use of return receipt blocking............................................................................................ 6-11
Check replication configuration.................................................................................................... 6-12
Check size of log buffer .................................................................................................................. 6-12
Check durability settings ............................................................................................................... 6-12
Check for reads from transaction log files................................................................................... 6-12
Problems using ttRepAdmin .............................................................................................................. 6-14
Problems using ttRepAdmin -duplicate ...................................................................................... 6-14
Returns 'Must specify -scheme' error ........................................................................................... 6-15
Problems with conflict checking ........................................................................................................ 6-15
Column cannot be used for replication timestamp.................................................................... 6-16
Timestamp does not exist .............................................................................................................. 6-16
Conflict reporting slows down replication.................................................................................. 6-16
Index
vii
viii
Preface
Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database is a memory-optimized relational database.
Deployed in the application tier, Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database operates on
databases that fit entirely in physical memory using standard SQL interfaces. High
availability for the in-memory database is provided through real-time transactional
replication.
Audience
This guide describes how to troubleshoot some of the problems users encounter when
using the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database.
To work with this guide, you should understand how database systems work and
have some knowledge of SQL (Structured Query Language).
Related documents
TimesTen documentation is available on the product distribution media and on the
Oracle Technology Network:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/timesten/documentation
Conventions
TimesTen supports multiple platforms. Unless otherwise indicated, the information in
this guide applies to all supported platforms. The term Windows refers to Windows
2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. The term UNIX refers to Solaris, Linux,
HP-UX and AIX.
In TimesTen documentation, the terms "data store" and
"database" are equivalent. Both terms refer to the TimesTen database
unless otherwise noted.
Note:
This document uses the following text conventions:
Convention
Meaning
boldface
Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associated
with an action, or terms defined in text or the glossary.
italic
Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables for
which you supply particular values.
ix
Convention
Meaning
monospace
Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, code
in examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.
italic monospace Italic monospace type indicates a variable in a code example that you
must replace. For example:
Driver=install_dir/lib/libtten.sl
Replace install_dir with the path of your TimesTen installation
directory.
[]
Square brackets indicate that an item in a command line is optional.
{}
Curly braces indicated that you must choose one of the items separated
by a vertical bar ( | ) in a command line.
|
A vertical bar (or pipe) separates alternative arguments.
...
An ellipsis (. . .) after an argument indicates that you may use more
than one argument on a single command line.
%
The percent sign indicates the UNIX shell prompt.
#
The number (or pound) sign indicates the UNIX root prompt.
TimesTen documentation uses these variables to identify path, file and user names:
Convention
Meaning
install_dir
The path that represents the directory where the current release of
TimesTen is installed.
TTinstance
The instance name for your specific installation of TimesTen. Each
installation of TimesTen must be identified at install time with a unique
alphanumeric instance name. This name appears in the install path.
bits or bb
Two digits, either 32 or 64, that represent either the 32-bit or 64-bit
operating system.
release or rr
Three numbers that represent the first three numbers of the TimesTen
release number, with or without a dot. For example, 1121 or 11.2.1
represents TimesTen Release 11.2.1.
jdk_version
Two digits that represent the version number of the major JDK release.
Specifically, 14 represent JDK 1.4; 5 represents JDK 5.
timesten
A sample name for the TimesTen instance administrator. You can use
any legal user name as the TimesTen administrator. On Windows, the
TimesTen instance administrator must be a member of the
Administrators group. Each TimesTen instance can have a unique
instance administrator name.
DSN
The data source name.
Documentation Accessibility
Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation
accessible to all users, including users that are disabled. To that end, our
documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive
technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to
facilitate access by the disabled community. Accessibility standards will continue to
evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with other market-leading
technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be
x
accessible to all of our customers. For more information, visit the Oracle Accessibility
Program Web site at http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/.
Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation
Screen readers may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The
conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an
otherwise empty line; however, some screen readers may not always read a line of text
that consists solely of a bracket or brace.
Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation
This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or
organizations that Oracle does not own or control. Oracle neither evaluates nor makes
any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.
Access to Oracle Support
Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. For
information, visit http://www.oracle.com/support/contact.html or visit
http://www.oracle.com/accessibility/support.html if you are hearing
impaired.
Technical support
For information about obtaining technical support for TimesTen products, go to the
following Web address:
http://www.oracle.com/support/contact.html
xi
xii
What's New
This section summarizes the new features and functionality of Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Release 11.2.1 that are documented in this guide, providing links
into the guide for more information.
New features in release 11.2.1.7.0
This guide has information about the following new enhancements:
■
Out of memory after fatal crash of the database
■
Check if tracing is enabled
■
Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory
New features in release 11.2.1.6.0
This guide now has more information about improving performance for the IMDB
cache, which are described in the following sections:
■
■
Optimize Performance for IMDB Cache
Excessive deadlocks, buffer busy and row lock waits during autorefresh cache
group refresh
■
Abnormally large log and base tables degrade autorefresh performance
■
Performance degrades when autorefresh interval is small
New features in release 11.2.1.0
This guide has information about the following new features:
■
Issues with the NLS_LANG environment variable
■
Cannot attach PL/SQL memory
■
Changes not visible after updating object in cache group
■
Monitoring the usage of the cache administration user's tablespace
■
Considerations when the cache administration user's tablespace is full
■
Poor autorefresh performance
■
Poor replication or XLA performance
xiii
Issues with the NLS_LANG environment variable
On Windows, if the NLS_LANG environment variable is set to an unsupported value,
such as NA, you could experience problems connecting. See "Troubleshooting OCI
and Pro*C/C++ applications" on page 2-16.
Cannot attach PL/SQL memory
See "Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory" on page 2-21 on how to recover if you
receive error 8517 "Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory; PLSQL_MEMORY_
ADDRESS not valid or already in use."
Changes not visible after updating object in cache group
If you modify an object in a cache group and then the changes do not appear on a
subsequent SQL statement, then see "Changes not visible after updating object in
cache group" on page 3-10.
Monitoring the usage of the cache administration user's tablespace
To monitor the cache administration user tablespace, you can use either Oracle
Enterprise Manager alerts or set the TimesTen tablespace threshold parameter. See
"Monitoring the usage of the cache administration user's tablespace" on page 3-21 for
details.
Considerations when the cache administration user's tablespace is full
With Oracle tables that are cached in a TimesTen database, you can configure them to
use incremental automatic refresh. See "Considerations when the cache administration
user's tablespace is full" on page 3-21 on how to specify what is to occur when the
cache administration user's tablespace is full.
Poor autorefresh performance
There is a new method for improving autorefresh performance: "Unresponsive or
dead TimesTen database degrades autorefresh performance" on page 3-23.
Poor replication or XLA performance
Additional methods for improving replication or XLA performance were added to
"Poor replication or XLA performance" on page 6-11.
xiv
1
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen
1
The following sections in this chapter describe how to use the TimesTen utilities and
other tools that are used to diagnose problems with the TimesTen database:
■
Using the ttIsql utility
■
Using the ttStatus utility
■
Using the ttCapture utility
■
Using the logs generated by the TimesTen daemon
■
Using the ttTraceMon utility
■
Using the ttXactAdmin utility
■
Using ODBC tracing
■
Using SNMP traps to detect events
■
Monitoring the TimesTen system tables
■
Using the query optimizer
Using the ttIsql utility
The ttIsql utility allows you to interactively execute SQL statements and report
status information on your TimesTen database.
All TimesTen SQL operations can be executed from a ttIsql Command> prompt.
Example 1–1 Using the ttIsql utility
To start the ttIsql utility for the demo database, enter:
% ttIsql demo
You should see output similar to the following:
Copyright (c) 1996-2007, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Type ? or "help" for help, type "exit" to quit ttIsql.
connect "DSN=demo";
Connection successful: DSN=demo;UID=ttuser;DataStore=c:\temp\demo;
DatabaseCharacterSet=US7ASCII;ConnectionCharacterSet=US7ASCII;
DRIVER=C:\WINDOWS\system32\ttdv70.dll;Authenticate=0;PermSize=20;TypeMode=0;
(Default setting AutoCommit=1)
Command>
You can then execute SQL statements or ttIsql commands at the Command> prompt.
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen 1-1
Using the ttStatus utility
"Using the ttIsql Utility" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide
describes how to use the most common ttIsql commands. The following ttIsql
commands are commonly used when troubleshooting:
■
monitor formats the contents of the SYS.MONITOR table.
See "Displaying database structure information" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database Operations Guide.
■
dssize prints database size information.
See "Displaying database structure information" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database Operations Guide.
■
showplan prints the optimizer execution plans for selects, updates, and deletes in
this transaction.
See "Viewing and changing query optimizer plans" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
■
isolation sets or displays the isolation level.
See "Working with transactions" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide.
■
timing prints query timing.
See "Timing ODBC function calls" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide.
■
optprofile prints the current optimizer flag settings and join order.
See "Viewing and changing query optimizer plans" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
For the full list of ttIsql features, see the lists of options and commands under the
description of the ttIsql utility in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Reference.
Using the ttStatus utility
Use the ttStatus utility to check the status of the TimesTen daemon and the state of
all TimesTen connections.
Example 1–2 ttStatus shows TimesTen daemon is not running
In this example, the output from ttStatus indicates that no TimesTen daemon is
running. If the daemon has stopped unexpectedly, see "No response from TimesTen
daemon or subdaemon" on page 2-2 for troubleshooting information.
On Windows:
C:\>ttStatus
ttStatus: Could not connect to the TimesTen service.
If the TimesTen service is not running, please start it by running "ttDaemonAdmin
-start".
On UNIX platforms:
$ ttStatus
ttStatus: Could not connect to the TimesTen daemon.
If the TimesTen daemon is not running, please start it
by running "ttDaemonAdmin -start".
1-2 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttStatus utility
Example 1–3 ttStatus shows TimesTen daemon is running
In this example, the output from ttStatus indicates that the TimesTen daemon is
running. It recognizes one database named demo.
The first line indicates that the TimesTen daemon is running as process 884 on port
17000 for the TimesTen instance MYINSTANCE. The second line indicates the TimesTen
Server is running as process 2308 on port 17002.
There are currently seven connections to the database: one user and six subdaemon
connections. You may see up to 2047 connections.
The restart policies for the cache agent and the replication agent in the database are set
to manual.
This example was produced on Windows. The results are the
same on UNIX platforms except for the formats of the database path
and the shared memory key.
Note:
C:\>ttStatus
TimesTen status report as of Thu Jan 25 15:45:11 2007
Daemon pid 884 port 17000 instance MYINSTANCE
TimesTen server pid 2308 started on port 17002
TimesTen webserver pid 2188 started on port 17004
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\demo
There are 7 connections to the data store
Data store is in shared mode
Shared Memory KEY Global\DBI45b94095.1.SHM.4 HANDLE 0x278
Type
PID
Context
Connection Name
ConnID
Process
4616
0x00d08820 demo
1
Subdaemon
2136
0x00526768 Worker
2042
Subdaemon
2136
0x0072e750 Flusher
2043
Subdaemon
2136
0x007348b8 Checkpoint
2044
Subdaemon
2136
0x067b0068 Aging
2045
Subdaemon
2136
0x067c0040 Monitor
2047
Subdaemon
2136
0x068404c8 HistGC
2046
Replication policy : Manual
Cache agent policy : Manual
-----------------------------------------------------------------------End of report
Example 1–4 ttStatus shows replication information
In this example, the output from ttStatus indicates that the TimesTen daemon is
running. It recognizes three databases: demo, subscriber1ds, and masterds. The
subscriber1ds and masterds databases are replicated databases. In this example,
the output from ttStatus indicates that the replication agents for the replicated
databases have been started. Bidirectional replication has been configured between
masterds and subscriber1ds. Each replication agent has five connections to the
database.
C:\>ttStatus
TimesTen status report as of Thu Jan 25 16:23:33 2007
Daemon pid 5088 port 17000 instance MYINSTANCE
TimesTen server pid 4344 started on port 17002
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen 1-3
Using the ttStatus utility
TimesTen webserver pid 4216 started on port 17004
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\subscriber1ds
There are 12 connections to the data store
Data store is in shared mode
Shared Memory KEY Global\DBI45b9471c.2.SHM.2 HANDLE 0x280
Type
PID
Context
Connection Name
ConnID
Process
1244
0x00d08fb0 subscriber1ds
1
Replication
4548
0x00aed2f8 LOGFORCE
4
Replication
4548
0x00b03470 TRANSMITTER
5
Replication
4548
0x00b725a8 RECEIVER
6
Replication
4548
0x00b82808 REPHOLD
2
Replication
4548
0x00b98980 REPLISTENER
3
Subdaemon
2752
0x00526768 Worker
2042
Subdaemon
2752
0x0072a758 Flusher
2043
Subdaemon
2752
0x007308c0 Checkpoint
2044
Subdaemon
2752
0x00736a28 HistGC
2046
Subdaemon
2752
0x067f02f8 Aging
2045
Subdaemon
2752
0x068364a0 Monitor
2047
Replication policy : Manual
Replication agent is running.
Cache agent policy : Manual
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\masterds
There are 12 connections to the data store
Data store is in shared mode
Shared Memory KEY Global\DBI45b945d0.0.SHM.6 HANDLE 0x2bc
Type
PID
Context
Connection Name
ConnID
Process
5880
0x00d09008 masterds
1
Replication
3728
0x00aed570 LOGFORCE
4
Replication
3728
0x00b036e8 TRANSMITTER
5
Replication
3728
0x00b168b8 REPHOLD
3
Replication
3728
0x00b1ca20 REPLISTENER
2
Replication
3728
0x00b22b88 RECEIVER
6
Subdaemon
3220
0x00526768 Worker
2042
Subdaemon
3220
0x0072e768 Flusher
2043
Subdaemon
3220
0x007348d0 Checkpoint
2044
Subdaemon
3220
0x067b0068 Aging
2045
Subdaemon
3220
0x067c0040 Monitor
2047
Subdaemon
3220
0x068404c8 HistGC
2046
Replication policy : Manual
Replication agent is running.
Cache agent policy : Manual
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\demo
There are no connections to the data store
Replication policy : Manual
Cache agent policy : Manual
-----------------------------------------------------------------------End of report
Example 1–5 ttStatus shows cache group information
This example shows the cache agent running on rep1 database. There is one cache
group in the database. The cache agent has five connections to the database.
C:\>ttStatus
TimesTen status report as of Mon Mar 19 10:47:46 2007
Daemon pid 1012 port 17000 instance MYINSTANCE
No TimesTen server running
1-4 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttCapture utility
TimesTen webserver pid 1708 started on port 17004
---------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\data\rep1
There are 12 connections to the data store
Data store is in shared mode
Shared Memory KEY Global\DBI45ef98ac.1.SHM.56 HANDLE 0x260
Type
PID
Context
Connection Name
ConnID
Cache Agent
3380
0x00bbddf0
Handler
2
Cache Agent
3380
0x00c3f318
Aging
3
Cache Agent
3380
0x07380398
Timer
4
Cache Agent
3380
0x073cfa18
ttora70
6
Cache Agent
3380
0x073ff010
ttora70
7
Process
2084
0x00c48ee8
rep1
1
Subdaemon
1632
0x006bc430
Worker
2042
Subdaemon
1632
0x06630458
Flusher
2045
Subdaemon
1632
0x0664f978
Checkpoint
2044
Subdaemon
1632
0x0665ee60
HistGC
2043
Subdaemon
1632
0x066de720
Aging
2046
Subdaemon
1632
0x0670dc78
Monitor
2047
Replication policy : Manual
Cache agent policy : Manual
TimesTen's Cache agent is running for this data store
----------------------------------------------------------------End of report
Example 1–6 ttStatus shows connection to old instance
This example shows a connection to an old instance of a database. This can occur
when a database is invalidated, but some users have not disconnected from the
invalidated copy of the database still in memory. After all users disconnect, the
memory can be freed.
C:\>ttStatus
TimesTen status report as of Thu Jan 25 16:44:49 2007
Daemon pid 5088 port 17000 instance MYINSTANCE
TimesTen server pid 4344 started on port 17002
TimesTen webserver pid 4216 started on port 17004
----------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\sample
There are no connections to the data store
Obsolete or not yet active connection(s):
Process 4696 context 0xd08800 name sample connid 1, obsolete connection, shmKey
'Global\DBI45b94c6f.3.SHM.4'
Replication policy : Manual
Cache agent policy : Manual
----------------------------------------------------------------End of report
Using the ttCapture utility
The ttCapture utility captures information about the configuration and state of your
TimesTen system into a file that provides Technical support with a snapshot of your
system at the time the ttCapture utility is running. The ttCapture utility generates
a file named ttcapture.date.time.log. By default, the file is written to the
directory from which you invoke the ttCapture utility. Use the ttCapture -dest
option to direct the output file to be written to another directory.
If you run ttCapture again, it writes the information to a new file.
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen 1-5
Using the logs generated by the TimesTen daemon
On Windows platforms, running ttCapture also produces an XML file named
ttcapture.date.time.nfo that contains output from the msinfo32 utility.
When you experience a problem with a TimesTen database, run ttCapture with the
DSN option for the database as soon as possible, either when you are encountering the
problem or immediately afterward.
Note: Always double-quote directory and file names in case there
are spaces in the names.
When you contact Technical support, upload the ttcapture.date.number.log file
to the Service Request. Windows users should also upload the
ttcapture.date.time.nfo file.
See "ttCapture" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Reference for information
about additional options.
Using the logs generated by the TimesTen daemon
TimesTen uses a TimesTen daemon to manage access to the databases. As the daemon
operates, it generates error, warning and informational messages. These messages may
be useful for TimesTen system administration and for debugging applications.
By default, informational messages are stored in:
■
■
A user error log that contains information you may need to see. Generally, these
messages contain information about actions you may need to take.
A support log containing everything in the user error log plus information for use
by Technical support.
See "Modifying informational messages" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide for information about configuring the logs, including their location
and size.
Using the ttTraceMon utility
Use the ttTraceMon utility to log various trace information on a number of TimesTen
components. Each TimesTen component can be traced at different levels of detail. You
can list all of the traceable TimesTen components and their current tracing level by
specifying ttTraceMon with the show subcommand. The full list of options for
ttTraceMon is described in the "ttTraceMon" section in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Reference.
TimesTen tracing severely impacts application performance and consumes a great deal
of disk space if trace output is directed to a file. In addition, when using AWT cache
groups, you must restart the replication agent when trying to trace the ORACON
component with ttTraceMon. Use the ttTraceMon utility only when diagnosing
problems. When you are finished, reset tracing to the default values.
Example 1–7 Default trace levels for components
This example shows that the levels for most tracing components are set to level 0 (off)
for the demo database. Both the ERR and DEADLOCK components are set to 1 for
tracing by default. See "ERR tracing" on page 1-13.
% ttTraceMon -e show demo
AGING
... 0
1-6 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttTraceMon utility
API
ASYNCMV
AUTOREFRESH
CG
CGRID
CGRIDC
CKPT
DEADLOCK
EE
ERR
FLOW
HEAP
LATCH
LOCK
LOG
LOGF
OPT
ORACON
PLOAD
PT
REPL
SM
SQL
TEST
TRACE
XA
XACT
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
The output for most TimesTen components is of interest only to Technical support.
However, the output for the SQL, API, LOCK, ERR, AGING and AUTOREFRESH
components may be useful to you when you are troubleshooting application
problems.
The rest of this section includes the following topics:
■
Starting a trace and reading the trace buffer
■
SQL tracing
■
API tracing
■
DEADLOCK tracing
■
LOCK tracing
■
ERR tracing
■
AGING tracing
■
AUTOREFRESH tracing
Starting a trace and reading the trace buffer
Start a new trace by specifying ttTraceMon datastore. For example, to start a trace
on the demo database, enter:
% ttTraceMon demo
Trace monitor; empty line to exit
Trace >
At the Trace prompt, specify the type of trace and its level. For example, to start
tracing the SQL component at level 3, enter:
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen 1-7
Using the ttTraceMon utility
Trace > level sql 3
At this point you can run your application and the TimesTen trace information is
written to a trace buffer. There are two ways to read the contents of the trace buffer:
■
■
From the Trace prompt, use the outfile command to direct the trace buffer
data to a file. You must do this before running your application. When writing
tracing information to a file, new trace information is concatenated to the existing
contents of the file.
From the Trace prompt, use the dump command to display the trace buffer data
to your screen.
The contents of the trace buffer accumulate with each new
trace. To clear the trace buffer, use the flush command from a
ttTraceMon prompt. Clear the buffered trace records for a specific
component by specifying the component with the flush command.
Note:
Each record from the trace buffer has the following format:
timestamp
sequence
component
level
connection
processid
operation
The fields in the records are defined as follows:
■
timestamp is the time at which the operation was executed.
■
sequence is the incremental number that identifies the trace line.
■
■
component is the TimesTen component being traced (such as SQL, API, LOCK, or
ERR).
level is the trace level associated with the trace line. The range of trace levels
differs by component, but for all components, the lowest trace level generates the
least verbose output and highest trace level generates the most verbose output.
For example, if you are tracing SQL at level 4, your output includes lines for levels
2 (prepare), 3 (execute), and 4 (open, close, fetch).
Trace levels for some components are not a continuous range
of numbers. If you enter a number that does not correspond to a
supported level for a component, tracing occurs at the highest
supported level that is less than the number you entered. For example,
if tracing levels for a component are 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 and you enter 5,
tracing events for level 1, 2, 3, and 4 are generated.
Note:
■
■
■
connection is the internal connection ID identifying the connection that
generated the trace. This number corresponds to the ConnID shown in the
ttStatus output. The connection ID is also used as the first element of the
transaction ID.
processid is the operating system process ID for the process that generated the
trace.
operation is the operation that occurred (such as SQL statement, API operation,
or error message).
For example, a line from the trace buffer after a SQL trace at level 3 might look like
this:
10:39:50.231 5281 SQL
2L
1C
3914P Preparing: select cust_num from
1-8 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttTraceMon utility
customer
SQL tracing
Using ttTraceMon with the SQL component provides information about the SQL
being prepared or executed by the TimesTen engine. Table 1–1 describes the levels for
SQL tracing. Each level with a '+' sign includes the trace information described for that
level, plus all levels preceding it.
Table 1–1
SQL tracing levels
Level
Output
2
SQL commands being prepared.
3
+ SQL commands being executed
4
+ The effect of command pooling (prepares not being done because the prepared
command already exists in the pool), the need for reprepares (for example, because
an index was created), and commands being destroyed.
At this level, ttTraceMon also shows when a query command is being opened,
fetched, and closed.
5
+ Some internal data, such as command numbers, which are not generally useful
for customer-level debugging.
Note: TimesTen recommends tracing SQL at level 3 or 4. SQL tracing
does not show any information about the optimizer. Optimizer tracing
is managed by a separate component (OPT) at level 4 only, and is not
designed for customer use.
Example 1–8 SQL trace
In this example, we execute ttTraceMon to do a SQL trace at level 4 on the demo
database. We direct the output from the SQL trace to the SQLtrace.txt file. We then
flush the buffer so that the trace does not report past SQL statements.
% ttTraceMon demo
Trace monitor; empty line to exit
Trace > outfile SQLtrace.txt
Trace > level sql 4
Trace > flush
At this point, we execute an application that includes the following SQL statement:
SELECT * FROM departments WHERE department_id = 10;
The trace information is written to the SQLtrace.txt file:
12:19:36.582
269 SQL
2L
3C 29570P Preparing: select * from
departments where department_id = 10
12:19:36.583
270 SQL
4L
3C 29570P sbSqlCmdCompile ()(E): (Found
already compiled version: refCount:01, bucket:28) cmdType:100, cmdNum:1000146.
12:19:36.583
271 SQL
4L
3C 29570P Opening: select * from departments
where department_id = 10;
12:19:36.583
272 SQL
4L
3C 29570P Fetching: select * from
departments where department_id = 10;
12:19:36.583
273 SQL
4L
3C 29570P Closing: select * from departments
where department_id = 10;
5 records dumped
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen 1-9
Using the ttTraceMon utility
When the application has completed, we turn off SQL tracing and exit ttTraceMon.
Trace > level sql 0
Trace > {press ENTER – blank line}
API tracing
API traces are generated for database operations such as connecting to a database,
changing a connection attribute, and committing a transaction. Table 1–2 describes the
levels for API tracing. Each level with a '+' sign includes the trace information
described for that level, plus all levels preceding it.
Table 1–2
API tracing levels
Level
Output
1
All rollback attempts by the subdaemon. This occurs if an application exits abruptly
and the subdaemon recovers its connection.
2
+ Some low-on-space conditions.
3
+ Create, connect, disconnect, checkpoint, backup, and compact operations for the
database, as well as commit and rollback for each connection, and a few other
operations.
4
+ Most other operations conducted at TimesTen's internal API level. It does not
show numerous operations on the storage manager and indexes that are done
internally.
Note:
TimesTen recommends tracing at level 3.
Example 1–9 API trace
In this example, we execute ttTraceMon to do a API trace at level 3 on the demo
database. The output from the API trace is written to the APItrace.txt file. Before
saving the API trace to the buffer, we use the flush command to empty the buffer.
% ttTraceMon demo
Trace monitor; empty line to exit
Trace> outfile APItrace.txt
Trace> level api 3
Trace > flush
At this point, we execute the application. When the application has completed, we
turn off API tracing and exit ttTraceMon:
Trace > level api 0
Trace > {press ENTER – blank line}
The contents of APItrace.txt are similar to the sample output shown below. The
output shows connection to the database, setting the connection character set, setting
the isolation level, and committing a transaction.
11:54:26.796
11:54:26.796
11:54:26.796
11:54:39.795
11:54:45.253
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
API
API
API
API
API
3L
3L
3L
3L
3L
2C
2C
2C
2C
2C
4848P
4848P
4848P
4848P
4848P
sb_dbConnect()(X)
sb_dbConnCharsetSet()(E)
sb_dbConnSetIsoLevel()(E)
sb_dbConnSetIsoLevel()(E)
sb_xactCommitQ()(E)
1-10 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttTraceMon utility
DEADLOCK tracing
Use the DEADLOCK component to trace the occurrences of all deadlocks for all
applications.
Table 1–3 describes the DEADLOCK tracing levels. Each level with a '+' sign includes the
trace information described for that level, plus all levels preceding it.
Table 1–3
DEADLOCK tracing levels
Level
Output
1
Logs deadlock cycles as they are discovered.
4, 6
+ Provides detail information about how the deadlock is detected.
Example 1–10
DEADLOCK trace
In this example, we execute ttTraceMon to do a DEADLOCK trace at level 1, which is
the default, on myDSN database.
We make two connections to myDSN. For the first connection, autocommit is on. We
create table test and insert two rows. Then, we set autocommit off and update the
x1=1 row of table test. Because autocommit is off, the row is not inserted into the table
until we commit. A lock is held until we commit or roll back the transaction.
Command> create table test (x1 int unique, y1 int);
Command> insert into test values (1,1);
1 row inserted.
Command> insert into test values (2,2);
1 row inserted.
Command> autocommit 0;
Command> update test set y1=y1 where x1=1;
1 row updated.
For the second connection to myDSN, autocommit is set to off. We update the x1=2
row of table test.
Command> autocommit 0;
Command> update test set y1=y1 where x1=2;
1 row updated.
Now, we create a deadlock situation by executing update statements in both
connections for rows that are locked by each other. The first connection executes an
update against the row where x1=2.
Command> update test set y1=y1 where x1=2;
6003: Lock request denied because of time-out
Details: Tran 2.1 (pid 32750) wants Un lock on rowid BMUFVUAAAAaAAAAETk,
table ME.TEST. But tran 3.2 (pid 32731) has it in Xn (request was Xn).
Holder SQL (update t1 set y1=y1 where x1=2)
The command failed.
The second connection executes an update against the row where x1=1.
Command> update test set y1=y1 where x1=1;
6002: Lock request denied because of deadlock
Details: Tran 3.2 (pid 32731) wants Un lock on rowid BMUFVUAAAAaAAAADzk,
table ME.TEST. But tran 2.1 (pid 32750) has it in Xn (request was Xn).
Holder SQL (update t1 set y1=y1 where x1=1)
The command failed.
We use the flush command to empty the buffer.
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen
1-11
Using the ttTraceMon utility
% ttTraceMon myDSN
Trace monitor; empty line to exit
Trace> flush
The trace buffer contains the following information showing all level 1 deadlock
traces, as evidenced by '1L'.:
Trace> dump
09:50:26.444
13 DEADLOCK 1L 2036C
3484P
<Row BMUFVUAAAAaAAAADzk,0x8c5
74(574836)> 0 cnt=1 , Tbl 'T1', SQL='update t1
09:50:26.455
14 DEADLOCK 1L 2036C
3484P
<Row BMUFVUAAAAaAAAAETk,0x8c5
74(574836)> 0 cnt=1 , Tbl 'T1', SQL='update t1
09:50:26.455
15 DEADLOCK 1L 2036C
3484P
SQL='update t1 set y1=y1 where x1=1'
edge 1: xid 3.2, cid 3,
set y1=y1 where x1=1'
edge 0: xid 2.1, cid 2,
set y1=y1 where x1=2'
Victim: xcb:3.2,
If you want more information, set DEADLOCK tracing to a higher value. For example,
the following sets DEADLOCK tracing to level 4 in ttTraceMon:
Trace > level deadlock 4
LOCK tracing
Use the LOCK component to trace the locking behavior of your application to detect
trouble with deadlocks or lock waits. LOCK tracing generates a great deal of volume, so
it is important to choose the appropriate level of tracing. Level 3, for example, begins
to generate a large number of traces, as traces are written for fairly common events. In
addition, the traces themselves may be somewhat hard to read in places. If you cannot
discern enough information for your purposes, contact Technical support for more
information.
Table 1–4 describes the LOCK tracing levels. Each level with a '+' sign includes the trace
information described for that level, plus all levels preceding it.
Table 1–4
LOCK tracing levels
Level
Output
1
Deadlock cycles as they are discovered.
2
+ Failures to grant locks for any reason.
3
+ Lock waits (which may or may not be granted).
4
+ All lock grants/releases, some routine calls, and the mechanism of the deadlock
detector.
6
+ Each step in cycle traversal.
Example 1–11
LOCK trace
In this example, we execute ttTraceMon to do a LOCK trace at level 4 on myDSN
database.
We make two connections to myDSN. For the first connection, we set autocommit on.
We create table test and insert three rows. We create a materialized view using table
test.
We turn on tracing at level 4 and use the flush command to empty the buffer.
% ttTraceMon myDSN
Trace monitor; empty line to exit
Trace> level lock 4
1-12 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttTraceMon utility
Trace> flush
For the second connection to myDSN, we set autocommit off. We insert a row into table
test. Because autocommit is off, the row is not inserted into the table until we commit.
A lock is held until we commit or roll back the transaction.
If we use the dump command to display the contents of the trace buffer, we see that
there are no records in the trace buffer:
Trace> dump
0 records dumped
From the first connection, we try to drop the materialized view. We cannot drop the
view because there is a transaction that has not been committed or rolled back:
Command> drop materialized view v;
6003: Lock request denied because of time-out
Details: Tran 3.71 (pid 24524) wants Sn lock on table TTUSER.TEST. But tran 1.42
(pid 24263) has it in IXn (request was IXn). Holder SQL (insert into test values
(100);)
The command failed.
The trace buffer contains the following information:
Trace> dump
20:09:04.789 174759 LOCK
0+Sn=>SL activity 0 Sn cnt=0;
20:09:04.789 174760 LOCK
20:09:04.789 174761 LOCK
20:09:14.871 174762 LOCK
20:09:14.871 174763 LOCK
20:09:14.871 174764 LOCK
20:09:14.871 174765 LOCK
0+Sn=>TM activity 0 Sn cnt=1;
7 records dumped
3L
3C 24524P
Holder xcb:00001
3L
3C 24524P
3L
3C 24524P
3L 2047C 24237P
3L 2047C 24237P
3L
3C 24524P
2L
3C 24524P
Holder xcb:00001
ENQ: xcb:00003 <Tbl 0x9b894,0x0>
IXn
Connection 3 scheduled for sleep
Connection 3 sleeping
Connection 3 timed out
Connection 3 woken up
Connection 3 awake
ENQ: xcb:00003 <Tbl 0x9b894,0x0>
IXn
When finished with the trace, we set LOCK tracing back to its default setting (0) and
exit ttTraceMon:
Trace > level lock 0
Trace > {press ENTER – blank line}
ERR tracing
It may be useful to trace the ERR component. For example, an ERR trace at level 4
shows all of the error messages that are pushed in the TimesTen direct driver (not all
errors are output to the user because they are handled internally). ERR tracing at level
1 is the default. No output is written for ERR tracing at level 2 and 3.
Table 1–5 describes ERR tracing levels. Each level with a '+' sign includes the trace
information described for that level, plus all levels preceding it.
Table 1–5
ERR tracing levels
Level
Output
1 (set by default)
Fatal errors
4
+ All other error messages, many of which are handled internally by
TimesTen.
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen
1-13
Using the ttTraceMon utility
Example 1–12
ERR trace
In this example, we execute ttTraceMon to do a ERR trace at level 4 on myDSN
database.
First we create a table:
Command> create table test (id tt_integer);
Next we turn on tracing at level 4. Rather than direct the trace output to a file as in the
previous examples, we read it directly from the trace buffer. Before saving the ERR
trace to the buffer, we use the flush command to empty the buffer.
% ttTraceMon myDSN
Trace monitor; empty line to exit
Trace> level err 4
Trace> flush
Now we execute a SQL script with three errors in it. The errors are:
■
Creating a table with the same name as an existing table
■
Using incorrect syntax to insert values into the table
■
Inserting CHAR data into a TT_INTEGER column
Command> create table test (id tt_integer);
2207: Table TEST already exists
The command failed.
Command> insert into test values 'abcd');
1001: Syntax error in SQL statement before or at: "'abcd'", character position:
25
insert into test values 'abcd');
^^^^^^
The command failed.
Command> insert into test values ('abcd');
2609: Incompatible types found in expression
The command failed.
The trace information is written to the trace buffer. We display it by using the dump
command.
Trace> dump
19:28:40.465 174227 ERR
4L
1C 24263P TT2207: Table TEST already exists
-- file "eeDDL.c", lineno 2930, procedure "sbEeCrDtblEval()"
19:28:51.399 174228 ERR
4L
1C 24263P TT1001: Syntax error in SQL
statement before or at: "'abcd'", character position: 25
insert into test values 'abcd');
^^^^^^
-- file "ptSqlY.y", lineno 6273, procedure "reserved_word_or_syntax_error"
19:29:00.725 174229 ERR
4L
1C 24263P TT2609: Incompatible types found
in expression -- file "saCanon.c", lineno 12618, procedure "sbPtAdjustType()"
3 records dumped
Set ERR tracing back to its default setting (1) and exit ttTraceMon:
Trace > level err 1
Trace > {press ENTER – blank line}
AGING tracing
Use the ttTraceMon utility to obtain the following information:
■
When aging starts and ends
1-14 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttTraceMon utility
■
How many rows have been deleted by the aging subdaemon
See "Implementing aging in your tables" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide.
Table 1–6 describes the AGING tracing levels. Each level with a '+' sign includes the
trace information described for that level, plus all levels preceding it.
Table 1–6
AGING tracing levels
Level
Description
1
Displays messages about the following events:
■
■
■
2
The aging subdaemon starts least recently used (LRU) or time-based aging.
The aging subdaemon repeats LRU aging because the LRU threshold was not
met.
The aging subdaemon ends LRU or time-based aging.
+ Displays messages about the following events for each table:
■
■
Aging has started.
Aging has ended. The message includes the reason for ending and the total
number of rows deleted.
3
+ Detailed report on how many rows were deleted during each aging cycle.
4
+ Message every time the aging subdaemon wakes up.
Example 1–13
AGING trace
In this example, we execute ttTraceMon to do an AGING trace on myDSN database.
The database contains TTUSER.MYTAB table, which has a time-based aging policy. The
table is described as follows:
Command> describe TTUSER.MYTAB;
Table TTUSER.MYTAB:
Columns:
*ID
TT_INTEGER NOT NULL
TS
TIMESTAMP (6) NOT NULL
Aging use TS lifetime 3 minutes cycle 1 minute on
1 table found.
(primary key columns are indicated with *)
The table contains the following rows before the aging cycle begins:
Command> select
< 1, 2007-03-21
< 3, 2010-03-17
< 4, 2007-03-21
< 5, 2007-03-21
< 6, 2007-03-21
5 rows found.
* from TTUSER.MYTAB;
12:54:06.000000 >
08:00:00.000000 >
12:59:40.000000 >
13:00:10.000000 >
13:01:22.000000 >
We execute ttTraceMon to do an AGING trace at level 3. Rather than direct the trace
output to a file, we read it directly from the trace buffer. Before saving the AGING trace
to the buffer, we use the flush command to empty the buffer.
% ttTraceMon myDSN
Trace monitor; empty line to exit
Trace> level aging 3
Trace> flush
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen
1-15
Using the ttTraceMon utility
Display the trace information in the buffer by using the dump command.
Trace> dump
13:16:56.802
1247 AGING
13:16:56.803
1248 AGING
curTime=78, ltblid= 637140
13:16:56.804
1249 AGING
remaining, tbl = TTUSER.MYTAB
13:16:56.804
1250 AGING
curTime=78, reason = 'no more
13:16:56.804
1251 AGING
5 records dumped
1L 2045C
2L 2045C
17373P Entering sbAgingTB(): curTime=78
17373P Entering sbAgingOneTable():
3L 2045C
17373P curTime=78, 4 deleted, 1
2L 2045C 17373P Exiting sbAgingOneTable():
rows', 4 deleted, 1 remaining, tbl = TTUSER.MYTAB
1L 2045C 17373P Exiting sbAgingTB(): curTime=78
We set AGING tracing back to its default setting (0) and exit ttTraceMon:
Trace > level aging 0
Trace > {press ENTER – blank line}
AUTOREFRESH tracing
Use the ttTraceMon utility to obtain information about the progress of autorefresh
operations for cache groups with the AUTOREFRESH cache group attribute.
See "AUTOREFRESH cache group attribute" in the Oracle In-Memory Database Cache
User's Guide.
Table 1–7 describes AUTOREFRESH tracing levels. Each level with a '+' sign includes
the trace information described for that level, plus all levels preceding it.
Table 1–7
AUTOREFRESH tracing levels
Level
Description
1
Autorefresh summary for the interval:
■
The time that autorefresh started
■
Number of autorefreshed rows for the interval
■
Number of autorefreshed root table rows for interval
■
Total number of autorefreshed rows since the cache agent started
■
■
Total number of autorefreshed rows in the root table since the cache agent
started
The time that autorefresh ended
Note: Times and information about root table rows are reported for full
autorefresh.
2
+ Autorefresh summary at the cache group level:
■
The time that autorefresh started for each cache group
■
Number of autorefreshed rows for each cache group
■
Number of autorefreshed root table rows for each cache group
■
■
■
Total number of autorefreshed rows for each cache group since the cache
agent started
Total number of autorefreshed rows in the root table for each cache group
since the cache agent started
The time that autorefresh ended for each cache group
Note: Times and information about root table rows are reported for full
autorefresh.
1-16 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttTraceMon utility
Table 1–7 (Cont.) AUTOREFRESH tracing levels
Level
Description
3
+ Autorefresh summary at the table level:
4
■
The time that autorefresh started
■
Number of autorefreshed rows
■
Total number of autorefreshed rows since the cache agent started
■
The time that autorefresh ended
+ Autorefresh details for each table:
■
The time that autorefresh started for each table
■
The autorefresh query
■
Query execute time in milliseconds on the Oracle database
■
Query fetch time in milliseconds on the Oracle database
■
Query apply time in milliseconds on TimesTen
■
Query execute time in milliseconds on the Oracle database for child tables
■
Query fetch time in milliseconds on the Oracle database for child tables
■
Query apply time in milliseconds on TimesTen for child tables
■
The time that autorefresh ended for each table
■
The autorefresh bookmark (logseq) to which autorefresh was completed
Example 1–14
AUTOREFRESH trace
In this example, we use the ttTraceMon utility to trace autorefresh operations on the
cgDSN database. When we set the trace level to 1, we see information that is similar to
the output of the ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet built-in procedure.
% tttracemon cgDSN
Trace monitor; empty line to exit
Trace> level autorefresh 1
Trace> dump
08:56:57.445 19398 AUTOREFRESH
interval 60000
08:56:57.883 19419 AUTOREFRESH
08:56:57.883 19420 AUTOREFRESH
08:56:57.883 19421 AUTOREFRESH
08:56:57.883 19422 AUTOREFRESH
11587
08:56:57.883 19423 AUTOREFRESH
60000ms: 1697
08:56:57.883 19424 AUTOREFRESH
interval 60000ms successfully.
7 records dumped
1L 5C 32246P Autorefresh number 1415 started for
1L
1L
1L
1L
5C
5C
5C
5C
32246P
32246P
32246P
32246P
Duration For Interval 60000ms: 420
Num Rows For Interval 60000ms: 0
Num Root Rows For Interval 60000ms: 0
Cumulative Rows for Interval 60000ms:
1L 5C 32246P Cumulative Root Rows for Interval
1L 5C 32246P Autorefresh number 1415 ended for
Tracing at level 4 produces additional information about autorefresh operation 1415.
Information about autorefresh is provided for the testuser.readcache cache
group, the testuser.readtab root table and the autorefresh interval.
Trace> level autorefresh 4
Trace> dump
08:56:57.445 19398 AUTOREFRESH 1L 5C 32246P Autorefresh number 1415 started for
interval 60000
08:56:57.471 19399 AUTOREFRESH 2L 5C 32246P Autorefresh started for cachegroup
TESTUSER.READCACHE
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen
1-17
Using the ttTraceMon utility
08:56:57.471 19400 AUTOREFRESH 3L 5C 32246P Incremental autorefresh started for
table TESTUSER.READTAB
08:56:57.471 19401 AUTOREFRESH 4L 5C 32246P Autorefresh Query: SELECT L."COL_10",
X."COL_20", X.ft$NotDelete, Z.rowid FROM (SELECT DISTINCT "COL_10" FROM
"TESTUSER"."TT_03_454854_L" WHERE logseq >:logseq AND ft_cacheGroup <>
100000000000*1844259679+-299200618) L,(SELECT "TESTUSER"."READTAB"."COL_10",
"TESTUSER"."READTAB"."COL_20", 1 AS ft$NotDelete FROM "TESTUSER"."READTAB",
"TESTUSER"."T1" WHERE "TESTUSER"."READTAB"."COL_10" = "TESTUSER"."T1"."COL_10")
X, "TESTUSER"."READTAB" Z WHERE L ."COL_10" = X."COL_10" (+) AND X."COL_10" =
Z."COL_10" (+), logseq: 7
08:56:57.870 19402 AUTOREFRESH 3L 5C 32246P Duration for table TESTUSER.READTAB:
70
08:56:57.870 19403 AUTOREFRESH 3L 5C 32246P Num Rows for table TESTUSER.READTAB: 1
08:56:57.870 19404 AUTOREFRESH 3L 5C 32246P Cumulative rows for table
TESTUSER.READTAB: 1559
08:56:57.870 19405 AUTOREFRESH 4L 5C 32246P Autorefresh Query Execute duration for
table TESTUSER.READTAB: 60
08:56:57.870 19406 AUTOREFRESH 4L 5C 32246P Autorefresh Query Fetch duration for
table TESTUSER.READTAB: 0
08:56:57.870 19407 AUTOREFRESH 4L 5C 32246P Autorefresh Query Apply duration for
table TESTUSER.READTAB: 0
08:56:57.870 19408 AUTOREFRESH 4L 5C 32246P Max logseq applied for table
TESTUSER.READTAB: 8
08:56:57.870 19409 AUTOREFRESH 4L 5C 32246P Autorefresh Query Execute duration for
7 child(ren) table(s): 32
08:56:57.870 19410 AUTOREFRESH 4L 5C 32246P Autorefresh Query Fetch duration for 7
child(ren) table(s): 0
08:56:57.870 19411 AUTOREFRESH 4L 5C 32246P Autorefresh Query Apply duration for 7
child(ren) table(s): 0
08:56:57.870 19412 AUTOREFRESH 3L 5C 32246P Incremental autorefresh ended for
table TESTUSER.READTAB
08:56:57.872 19413 AUTOREFRESH 2L 5C 32246P Duration For Cache Group
TESTUSER.READCACHE: 1020
08:56:57.872 19414 AUTOREFRESH 2L 5C 32246P Num Rows For Cache Group
TESTUSER.READCACHE: 1
08:56:57.872 19415 AUTOREFRESH 2L 5C 32246P Num Root Rows For Cache Group
TESTUSER.READCACHE: 0
08:56:57.872 19416 AUTOREFRESH 2L 5C 32246P Cumulative Rows for Cache Group
TESTUSER.READCACHE: 11776
08:56:57.872 19417 AUTOREFRESH 2L 5C 32246P Cumulative Root Rows for Cache Group
TESTUSER.READCACHE: 1697
08:56:57.872 19418 AUTOREFRESH 2L 5C 32246P Autorefresh ended for cache group
TESTUSER.READCACHE
08:56:57.883 19419 AUTOREFRESH 1L 5C 32246P Duration For Interval 60000ms: 420
08:56:57.883 19420 AUTOREFRESH 1L 5C 32246P Num Rows For Interval 60000ms: 0
08:56:57.883 19421 AUTOREFRESH 1L 5C 32246P Num Root Rows For Interval 60000ms: 0
08:56:57.883 19422 AUTOREFRESH 1L 5C 32246P Cumulative Rows for Interval 60000ms:
11587
08:56:57.883 19423 AUTOREFRESH 1L 5C 32246P Cumulative Root Rows for Interval
60000ms: 1697
08:56:57.883 19424 AUTOREFRESH 1L 5C 32246P Autorefresh number 1415 ended for
interval 60000ms successfully.
27 records dumped
We set AUTOREFRESH tracing back to its default setting (0) and exit ttTraceMon:
Trace > level autorefresh 0
Trace > {press ENTER – blank line}
1-18 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the ttXactAdmin utility
Using the ttXactAdmin utility
The ttXactAdmin utility displays ownership, status, log and lock information for
each outstanding transaction. You can also use it to show all current connections to a
database. The ttXactAdmin utility is useful for troubleshooting problems with
replication, XLA, and asynchronous writethrough cache groups.
Example 1–15
Using ttXactAdmin to diagnose a lock timeout
Use ttXactAdmin to diagnose a lock timeout. Consider two connections that are
trying to update the same row. The following transaction by Connection 1 is in
progress:
UPDATE table1 SET c1 = 2 WHERE c1 = 1;
Connection 2 attempts to make the following update:
UPDATE table1 SET c1 = 3 WHERE c1 = 1;
Connection 2 receives the following error:
6003: Lock request denied because of time-out
Details: Tran 2.3 (pid 2880) wants Un lock on rowid 0x00156bbc, table
TTUSER.TABLE1.
But tran 1.21 (pid 2564) has it in Xn (request was Xn). Holder SQL (update
table1 set c1 = 2 where c1 = 1;)
The command failed.
The details of the error indicate that transaction 1.21 has a lock on row 0x00156bbc, the
row that transaction 2.3 wants to update. ttXactAdmin displays this information in
output that pertains to actions in the entire database:
$ ttXactAdmin myDSN
2007-03-23 11:26:01.643
c:\datastore\myDSN
TimesTen Release 7.0.2.0.0
Outstanding locks
PID
Context
TransID
TransStatus
Resource
ResourceID
Mode Name
Database
Row
Table
0x01312d00
0x00156bbc
1910868
IX
Xn
IXn
Program File Name: ttIsql
2564
0xeeb9a8
1.21
Active
TTUSER.TABLE1
TTUSER.TABLE1
Program File Name: ttIsql
2880
0xeeb9a8
2.3
Active
Database
Table
Command
0x01312d00
1910868
19972120
IX
IXn
S
TTUSER.TABLE1
Awaiting locks
PID Context
2880 0xeeb9a8
TransID Resource ResourceID
2.3
Row
0x00156bbc
RMode HolderTransID HMode Name
Un
1.21
Xn TTUSER.TABLE1
2 outstanding transactions found
See "ttXactAdmin" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Reference.
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen
1-19
Using ODBC tracing
Using ODBC tracing
On Windows, use the ODBC trace facility to verify the sequence and content of your
commands. The ODBC trace facility works only if you have linked your application
with the ODBC Driver Manager. Enable tracing by double-clicking ODBC in the
Control Panel. This opens the ODBC Data Source Administrator. Choose the Tracing
tab.
On UNIX platforms, ODBC tracing is available only when using a driver manager. To
turn on tracing, set the Trace and TraceFile attributes.
Using SNMP traps to detect events
Network management software uses SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol)
to query or control the state of network devices such as routers and switches. These
devices can generate alerts called traps to inform the network management systems of
problems.
TimesTen sends SNMP traps for particular critical events to help facilitate user
recovery mechanisms. These events are also recorded in the support log. Exposing
them through SNMP traps allows network management software to take immediate
action.
How to configure TimesTen to generate SNMP traps as well as how to receive the
traps is described in "Diagnostics through SNMP Traps" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Error Messages and SNMP Traps.
Monitoring the TimesTen system tables
Each TimesTen database contains a group of system tables that store metadata about
the current state of the database. The system tables are described in "System Tables" in
the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database System Tables and Limits Reference.
You can execute SELECT statements on a system table, but you
cannot execute a statement such as INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE on
these tables.
Note:
Of particular interest when troubleshooting is the SYS.MONITOR table, which contains
statistics about certain events that have occurred since the first connection to the
database. For example, the SYS.MONITOR table contains information about the
number of connections to the database; the number of checkpoints taken; the size of
the database; and the amount of memory currently in use. Check the contents of the
SYS.MONITOR table by executing SELECT statements on the columns or by using the
ttIsql monitor command. For an example of how to use the ttIsql monitor
command, see "Using the ttIsql Utility" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide.
The SYS.MONITOR table is useful for troubleshooting performance problems. See
"Reading query plan from the PLAN table" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide for details. Check the contents of the SYS.MONITOR table by
executing SELECT statements on the columns or by using the ttIsql showplan
command, as described in "Viewing and changing query optimizer plans" in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
1-20 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Using the query optimizer
Using the query optimizer
The query optimizer is an important tool for performance tuning.
For details about using the query optimizer, see:
■
■
"The TimesTen Query Optimizer" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide
"Viewing and changing query optimizer plans" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database Operations Guide
If you find that a given query runs more slowly than expected, confirm that the query
optimizer has the latest statistics for the tables in your query, as described in "Update
query optimizer statistics" on page 2-18. If, after updating your statistics, your query
still runs too slowly, it is possible that the TimesTen optimizer is not choosing the
optimal query plan to answer that query. Under these circumstances, you can adjust
how the optimizer generates a plan by using the ttOpt procedures described in
"Modifying plan generation" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations
Guide.
Tools for Troubleshooting TimesTen
1-21
Using the query optimizer
1-22 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
2
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and
Databases
2
The following sections provide information to help you diagnose and remedy some of
the problems encountered while using a TimesTen database:
If you are still having problems with your database after
following the troubleshooting recommendations in this chapter,
please contact Technical support.
Note:
■
Unable to start or stop TimesTen daemon
■
No response from TimesTen daemon or subdaemon
■
Unable to create shared segment
■
Application unable to connect to database in direct mode
■
Troubleshooting Client/Server problems
■
Application connects or disconnects are slow
■
Application becomes disconnected unexpectedly
■
Application is slow
■
Application unresponsive, appears hung
■
Application unable to find previously created objects
■
Troubleshooting OCI and Pro*C/C++ applications
■
Running out of a resource
■
Duplicate results from a SELECT statement
■
Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory
Unable to start or stop TimesTen daemon
This section describes what to check if you are unable to start or stop the TimesTen
main daemon.
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases
2-1
No response from TimesTen daemon or subdaemon
Possible cause
What to do
Incorrect privilege
You need the ADMIN privilege to start or stop the
TimesTen daemon. Ensure that you are using the
ttDaemonAdmin utility to start the daemon. The output
from ttDaemonAdmin shows whether you have the
correct privilege.
Another process is using the
TimesTen daemon port.
Use the ttVersion utility to verify what port number the
TimesTen daemon is expected to use. Use an operating
system command like netstat to check whether another
process is listening on the port. If there is a conflict, either
change the port number used by the other process or use
ttmodinstall to change the port used by TimesTen.
TimesTen daemon is already
running.
Ensure that you are using the ttDaemonAdmin utility to
start the daemon. The output from ttDaemonAdmin
shows whether the daemon is already running.
Other problems
Inspect the user error log produced by the daemon. See
"Using the logs generated by the TimesTen daemon" on
page 1-6.
No response from TimesTen daemon or subdaemon
The following sections describe what to do if one or more of the TimesTen processes
appears to be unavailable:
■
Check the TimesTen user error log
■
Extract a stack trace from the core file
Check the TimesTen user error log
If you receive an error that indicates the TimesTen subdaemon has stopped, inspect
the user error log, as described in "Using the logs generated by the TimesTen daemon"
on page 1-6.
If the TimesTen daemon crashes, it cannot send anything to the user error log, but the
subdaemons send a 'main daemon vanished' message to the log before exiting:
09:24:13 Err : 4375 ------------------: Main daemon has vanished
Restart the daemon. The next connection to each database causes TimesTen to recover
from the checkpoint and transaction log files. See "Working with the Oracle TimesTen
Data Manager Daemon" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Extract a stack trace from the core file
If you experience a crash by one of the TimesTen processes on a UNIX system and
have exhausted all of the diagnostic options, check to see if TimesTen has generated a
core file. Use the ttVersion utility to find the core file. Look for a line in the output
that shows a path for the daemon home directory:
TimesTen Release (ttuser:40732)
2007-04-04T17:53:04Z
Instance admin: ttuser
Instance home directory:
/node1/ttuser/ttcur/TTBuild/linux86_dbg/install
Daemon home directory:
/node1/ttuser/ttcur/TTBuild/linux86_dbg/install/info
2-2 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Application unable to connect to database in direct mode
After locating the core file, attach to the debugger on the system and extract the stack
trace from the core file and send the trace results to Technical support.
On Windows systems you can obtain diagnostic information for a service failure by
enabling the 'allow service to interact with desktop' option in the properties dialog for
the TimesTen data manager in the Service menu. If a fatal fault occurs in the TimesTen
data manager service, a pop-up asks if you would like to start the debugger. Contact
Technical support and provide the stack trace.
Unable to create shared segment
You may receive an error that indicates that a shared segment could not be created:
4671: TT14000: TimesTen daemon internal error: Error 28 creating shared segment,
KEY 0x0201f7eb
4671: -- OS reports too many shared segments in use
4671: -- Confirm using 'ipcs' and take appropriate action
4671: 18538 ------------------: subdaemon process exited
Using the Linux ipcs command may display information like this:
------ Shared Memory Segments -------key
shmid
owner
perms
0x00000000 1098350592 user1
777
0x00000000 1084817409 user1
777
0x911fc211 1098383362 user2
666
0x2814afba 170721285 root
666
bytes
10624
2439680
67108864
1048576
nattch
2
2
1
1
status
dest
dest
A status of dest means the memory segment is marked to be destroyed. nattch
shows the number of processes still attached to the memory segment. The ipcrm
command cannot free the shared memory until the processes detach from the segment
or exit. If an application connects to TimesTen and then becomes inactive, nothing can
free the shared memory until the user exits or stops the application.
Application unable to connect to database in direct mode
This section describes what to check if your application is unable to connect to a
database in direct mode.
Possible cause
See...
Mismatch between the release of
TimesTen and database
"Upgrading your database" on page 2-4
User does not have the CREATE
SESSION privilege.
"Privileges to connect to database" on page 2-4
Incorrect file permissions
"Check file system permissions to access database" on
page 2-4
TimesTen daemon or Data Manager "Check that the TimesTen daemon is running" on
service not running
page 2-4
Incompatible connection attributes "Check DSN definition" on page 2-4
or incorrect path name for database
set in the DSN
No available shared memory
segment or maximum size of
shared memory segment too small
"Manage semaphores and shared memory segments" on
page 2-5
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases
2-3
Application unable to connect to database in direct mode
Possible cause
See...
Not enough swap space
"Check available swap space (virtual memory)" on
page 2-6
Inadequate number of file
descriptors
"Increase the number of available file descriptors" on
page 2-6
Other possible causes
"Using the logs generated by the TimesTen daemon" on
page 1-6
Upgrading your database
A database is only guaranteed to be accessible by the same minor release of TimesTen
that was used to create the database. When you upgrade the TimesTen software and
you would like to use the new release to access a database that was previously created,
create a database with the new release. Then use the ttMigrate utility to copy the
tables, indexes, and table data from the old database to the new one.
See "Database Upgrades" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide
for details.
Privileges to connect to database
The user must have the CREATE SESSION privilege to connect to the database. If you
do not have access, the administrator must use the GRANT statement to grant you the
CREATE SESSION privilege. See "Granting privileges to connect to the database" in
the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Check file system permissions to access database
A "permission denied" error is generated if you attempt to connect to a database
and you do not have the proper permissions to access the checkpoint or transaction
log files or the directory where those files reside. Check the file system permissions on
the files located in the directory specified in the DataStore attribute in your DSN.
Check that the TimesTen daemon is running
If the TimesTen daemon or Data Manager service is not running, an attempt to connect
to a database generates TimesTen error 799 "Unable to connect to daemon;
check daemon status."
Use the ttStatus utility as described in "Check the TimesTen user error log" on
page 2-2 to check the status of the TimesTen daemon.
Check DSN definition
In your DSN description, perform the following:
■
Check DSN attributes
■
Check path name to database and transaction log directories
Check DSN attributes
Certain connection options or DSN attribute settings combinations are not compatible.
In cases where incompatible settings are used, an error is returned to the application
when it attempts to connect to a database.
2-4 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Application unable to connect to database in direct mode
Check path name to database and transaction log directories
Confirm that you have specified the correct path names in the DataStore and
LogDir attributes in your DSN. Also confirm that the path names are absolute path
names, rather than relative. Otherwise, the path name will be relative to the directory
where the application was started.
On Windows, be careful to distinguish between User and System DSNs in the ODBC
Data Source Administrator. Do not create user DSNs because they are visible only to
the user who defines them. System DSNs are visible to all users. In particular, if you
run a TimesTen application as a Windows service, it runs as the user SYSTEM by
default and does not see any User DSNs. Make sure that you are not using a mapped
drive in the database path name.
Manage semaphores and shared memory segments
An error is generated if you attempt to connect to or create a shared database whose
size is larger than the maximum size of shared memory segments configured on your
system. Also, an error is generated if the system cannot allocate any more shared
memory segments.
On UNIX systems, use commands similar to the following:
■
■
■
■
ipcs -ma to check if you have other shared memory segments using up memory,
such as Oracle instances or other instances of TimesTen.
ipcrm to remove a message queue, semaphore set or shared memory segment
identifier. Use ipcrm to clean up semaphores or shared memory segments after a
faulty TimesTen shutdown, instance crash, daemon crash or other application
issues that use shared memory segments and semaphores. Use -m to remove a
shared memory segment. Use -s to remove a semaphore.
ps -eafl to see how much memory is being used by running processes.
ulimit -a to see if there are any limits on the maximum amount of memory one
process can address, maximum file size, and the maximum number of open files.
If a shared memory segment is available but is too small to hold your database, use the
ttSize utility to estimate the amount of memory required for your tables and then
check the values of the PermSize and TempSize attributes to verify the amount of
memory established for your database. "Monitoring PermSize and TempSize
attributes" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide describes
guidelines for setting the size of your permanent and temporary data partitions. If the
amount of memory established for your database is too large, reset PermSize and
TempSize to smaller values. See "Check the amount of memory allocated to the
database" on page 2-17 for more information. Another option is to increase the
maximum size of the shared memory segment, as described below.
If a database becomes invalidated because of a system or application failure, a
subsequent connection recovers the database. If recovery fails because you have run
out of database space, then reconnect to the database with a larger PermSize and
TempSize value than the ones that are currently in effect. If recovery fails because you
do not have enough shared memory, then you should increase the maximum size of
the shared memory segments for the system.
For more information on how to configure shared memory for TimesTen, see
"Installation prerequisites" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide.
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases
2-5
Troubleshooting Client/Server problems
Check available swap space (virtual memory)
There must be enough swap space to back up shared memory.
On UNIX systems, use the swap command to check and add virtual memory to your
system.
On Windows systems, check and reset the size of your virtual memory from the
Advanced tab in your Computer Management Properties dialog window.
Increase the number of available file descriptors
Each process connected to a TimesTen database keeps at least one operating system
file descriptor open. Additional file descriptors may be opened for each connection if
checkpoints are issued, and transactions are committed or rolled back. If you receive
an error that all file descriptors are in use when attempting to connect to a database,
then increase the allowable number of file descriptors. See your operating system
documentation for limits on file descriptors and information about changing the
number of file descriptors.
Troubleshooting Client/Server problems
This section includes the following topics:
■
Cannot connect to the TimesTen Server
■
TimesTen Server failed
■
Cannot find Server DSN
■
TimesTen Server failed to load DRIVER
■
Application times out when accessing TimesTen Server
■
TimesTen Client loses connection with TimesTen Server
■
Failed to attach to shared memory segment for IPC
■
Increasing the maximum server connections on Windows XP
■
Thread stack overflow when using multiple client connections
■
Out of space when DSN specifies new database
■
Also consider the topics described in "Application unable to connect to database in
direct mode" on page 2-3.
Cannot connect to the TimesTen Server
You have not correctly identified the system where the TimesTen Server is running.
On a Windows client machine, select the TimesTen Server in the TimesTen Data
Source Setup dialog that is displayed as part of the ODBC Data Source Administrator.
To verify the TimesTen Server:
1.
On the Windows Desktop, choose Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2.
Double click the ODBC icon. This opens the ODBC Data Source Administrator.
3.
Click the System DSN tab. This displays the System Data Sources list.
4.
Select the TimesTen Client data source. This opens the TimesTen Client DSN
Setup dialog.
5.
Click Servers. This opens the TimesTen Logical Server List.
2-6 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Troubleshooting Client/Server problems
6.
Select the TimesTen Server from the list. This opens the TimesTen Logical Server
Name Setup dialog.
7.
Verify that the values for the Network Address and Port Number are correct. If
necessary, change the values.
If you typed the hostname or network address directly into the
Server Name field of the TimesTen Client DSN Setup, the Client tries
to connect to the TimesTen Server using the default port.
Note:
If the Network Address and Port Number values are correct, the TimesTen Server may
not be running. See "Starting and stopping the Oracle TimesTen Data Manager service
on Windows" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide for
information about starting the server manually. See "Testing connections" in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide for more information about identifying
this problem.
On UNIX, specify the TimesTen Server with the TTC_Server connection attribute in
the odbc.ini file on the client machine. If the value specified for TTC_Server is an
actual hostname or IP address, the client tries to connect to the TimesTen Server using
the default port. In TimesTen, the default port is associated with the TimesTen release
number. If the value specified for TTC_Server is a logical ServerName, this logical
ServerName must be defined in the ttconnect.ini file. The ttconnect.ini entry
for this ServerName needs to correctly define the hostname/IP address and port
number on which the TimesTen Server is listening.
If the Network Address and Port Number values are correct, the TimesTen Server may
not be running or did not start. See "Starting and stopping the daemon on UNIX" in
the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide for information about starting
the server manually. See "Testing connections" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database Operations Guide for more information about identifying this problem.
TimesTen Server failed
Check the server's log file. Server log messages are stored in the files specified by the
-userlog and -supportlog options in the ttendaemon.options file. See
"Creating and configuring Client DSNs on UNIX" and "Managing TimesTen daemon
options" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
The maximum number of concurrent IPC connections to the Server of a particular
TimesTen instance is 24,999. However, TimesTen has a limit of 2043 connections
(direct or client/server) to a single DSN.
Client/server users can change the file descriptor limit to support a large number of
connections. For an example, see "Installation prerequisites" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Installation Guide.
Cannot find Server DSN
On UNIX, verify that the Server DSN is defined in the sys.odbc.ini file on the
machine running the TimesTen Server.
On Windows, verify that the Server DSN is defined as a System DSN in the ODBC
Data Source Administrator on the machine running the TimesTen Server. See
"Creating and configuring a logical server name on Windows" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases
2-7
Troubleshooting Client/Server problems
TimesTen Server failed to load DRIVER
This error only occurs on UNIX platforms. Open the sys.odbc.ini file on the
machine running the TimesTen Server and locate the Server DSN you are trying to
connect. Verify that the dynamic library specified in the DRIVER attribute for the
Server DSN exists and is executable.
Application times out when accessing TimesTen Server
The default TimeOut interval is 60 seconds.
To increase this interval on UNIX, change the value of the TTC_Timeout attribute in
the odbc.ini file.
To set the timeout interval on Windows, see the instructions in "Setting the timeout
interval and authentication" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations
Guide.
TimesTen Client loses connection with TimesTen Server
Check to see if the error was due to the Client timing out. Check the TimesTen Server's
log to see why the Server may have severed connection with the Client. Use ping to
determine if your network is up or try using telnet to connect to the TimesTen
Server port number.
Failed to attach to shared memory segment for IPC
While using shared memory segment (SHM) as IPC, the application may see the
following error message from the TimesTen Client ODBC Driver if the application
reaches the system-defined per-process file-descriptor-limit.
SQLState
= S1000,
Native Error = 0,
Message
= [TimesTen][TimesTen 11.2.1 CLIENT]Failed to attach to shared memory
segment for IPC. System error: 24
This may happen during a connect operation to the Client DSN when the shmat
system call fails because the application has more open file descriptors than the
system-defined per-process file descriptor limit. To correct this problem, you must
increase your system-defined per-process file descriptor limit. For more information
about file descriptor limits, see "System Limits" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database System Tables and Limits Reference.
Increasing the maximum server connections on Windows XP
On Windows XP, by default, there can be approximately 47 child server processes.
You can increase the number of connections by setting the MaxConnsPerServer
connection attribute in the ttendaemon.options file or in the DSN. This increases
the number of connections to 47 times the MaxConnsPerServer value.
Thread stack overflow when using multiple client connections
On Solaris, you may receive messages in the user error log about thread stack
overflow. On other platforms, you may receive messages about a segmentation fault
that mention a possible thread stack overflow.
If these messages occur, increase the server stack size by one of the following methods:
2-8 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Application becomes disconnected unexpectedly
■
■
Specify the -ServerStackSize option in the ttendaemon.options file. The
ttendaemon.options file applies to all DSNs in the TimesTen instance.
Specify the ServerStackSize connection attribute for a specific DSN. This takes
precedence over the value in the ttendaemon.options file.
Increasing the server stack size decreases the number of concurrent connections that
can be made before running out of swap space.
See "Working with the TimesTen Client and Server" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database Operations Guide.
Out of space when DSN specifies new database
You may receive "out of space" messages if you change a DSN to specify a new
database while there are existing connections to the original database in a system with
multiple client connections. This can happen on 32-bit platforms if either database is
close to 2 GB.
Close all connections to the original database. This causes a new server process to be
created for connections to the database that is now specified in the DSN. Use the
ttStatus utility to list the connections for the old database. Alternatively, you can
restart the server by using the ttDaemonAdmin utility with the -restartServer
option, which resets all client connections on all DSNs in the instance.
Application connects or disconnects are slow
This section describes what to check if you encounter slow connects and disconnects to
a database.
Possible cause
See...
Database is being recovered.
"Check if database is being recovered" on page 2-9
ODBC tracing is enabled.
"Check ODBC tracing" on page 2-9
Other possible causes
"API tracing" on page 1-10
Check if database is being recovered
A slow connect may indicate that a TimesTen database is being recovered. This
happens only for a first connect.
Check ODBC tracing
On Windows platforms, if ODBC tracing is enabled, it can slow connect and
disconnect speeds. Double-click ODBC in the Control Panel to open the ODBC Data
Source Administrator. Select the Tracing tab and confirm tracing is disabled. See
"Using ODBC tracing" on page 1-20.
Application becomes disconnected unexpectedly
If an application becomes disconnected from a TimesTen database, one of the
following events occurs:
■
If there was no outstanding transaction, the connection is cleanly removed by the
TimesTen daemon. Other existing connections continue processing as if no
problem had occurred.
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases
2-9
Application is slow
■
If there was an outstanding transaction but the application was not in the middle
of executing code in the TimesTen library, the transaction is rolled back and the
connection is cleanly removed by the TimesTen daemon. Other existing
connections continue processing as if no problem had occurred.
This section describes what to check if your application unexpectedly disconnects
from the database.
Possible cause
See...
Internal application error.
"Check for ODBC or JDBC errors" on page 2-10
Failure of a concurrent application
thread.
"Check for ODBC or JDBC errors" on page 2-10
If using a client/server connection,
the client may have disconnected
from the application.
"Troubleshooting Client/Server problems" on page 2-6
An error in the TimesTen library
Contact Technical support.
"Check the user error log" on page 2-10
Check for ODBC or JDBC errors
Check for the following types of errors:
■
ODBC errors returned by the SQLError function
■
JDBC errors returned by the SQLException class
The application may have encountered a problem that caused it to exit prematurely,
which in turn may have caused other connections to be forced to disconnect. Call
SQLError after each ODBC call to identify error or warning conditions when they
first happen. Examples of SQLError usage can be found in the demo programs and in
"Retrieving errors and warnings" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Error
Messages and SNMP Traps.
In more extreme cases, it may be helpful to use ttTraceMon to generate a level 4 ERR
trace for the application and review all of the errors messages that are pushed in the
TimesTen direct driver. See "ERR tracing" on page 1-13 for details.
Check the user error log
If a TimesTen application disconnects without returning an ODBC error or any other
warning, look through the user error log. See "Using the logs generated by the
TimesTen daemon" on page 1-6.
Application is slow
For details on how to maximize the performance of your application and TimesTen
database, see:
■
■
■
"TimesTen Database Performance Tuning" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database Operations Guide
"Application Tuning" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database C Developer's
Guide
"Application Tuning" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Java Developer's
Guide
This section describes some of the issues that impair performance.
2-10 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Application is slow
Possible cause
See...
Using client/server mode
"Consider connection mode" on page 2-11
Outdated database statistics
"Update statistics for your tables" on page 2-11
Committing transactions too
frequently
"Turn off autocommit mode" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Operations Guide
DurableCommits attribute
enabled
"Use durable commits appropriately" in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide
Not preparing SQL statements used "Prepare statements in advance" in the Oracle TimesTen
more than once
In-Memory Database Operations Guide
Wrong kind of index, too many
indexes, wrong size for hash index
"Select hash, range, or bitmap indexes appropriately" in
the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide
"Size hash indexes appropriately" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Operations Guide
Inefficient use of locks
"Verify lock and isolation levels" on page 2-12
Improperly configured materialized "Performance implications of materialized views" and
view
"Materialized view tuning" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Operations Guide
If replication is used, configuration
of replication scheme or network
environment may be impacting
application.
"Poor replication or XLA performance" on page 6-11
If IMDB Cache is used, IMDB Cache "Poor autorefresh performance" on page 3-22
configuration or environment may
be impacting application.
Too many table partitions
"Check partition counts for the tables" on page 2-12
Tracing is unnecessarily enabled for "Check trace settings" on page 2-12
one or more TimesTen components.
Consider connection mode
Client/server connections are slower than direct connections to TimesTen databases.
Driver manager connections can also moderately impact performance. The
performance overhead imposed by client/server connections can be significant
because of the network latencies involved in all communication with the database.
If your application must run on a different machine from the one hosting the database,
see "Client/Server tuning" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Update statistics for your tables
The TimesTen query optimizer in general is very good at choosing the most efficient
query plan. However, it needs additional information about the tables involved in
complex queries in order to choose the best plan. By knowing the number of rows and
data distributions of column values for a table, the optimizer has a much better chance
of choosing an efficient query plan to access that table.
Before preparing queries that will access a TimesTen table, use the
ttOptUpdateStats procedure to update the statistics for that table. When updating
the statistics for a table, you get the best results if you update statistics on your tables
after loading them with data, but before preparing your queries. For example, if you
update statistics on a table before populating it with data, then your queries are
optimized with the assumption that the tables contain no rows (or very few). If you
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases 2-11
Application is slow
later populate your tables with millions of rows and then execute the queries, the
plans that worked well for the situation where your tables contained few rows may
now be very slow.
For more information about updating statistics, see "The TimesTen Query Optimizer"
in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Verify lock and isolation levels
The manner in which multiple applications concurrently access the database can have
a major impact on performance.
An application can acquire locks on the entire database, individual tables, and
individual rows. Additionally, applications can set an isolation level that determines
whether they hold read and update locks until their transactions commit or roll back.
Check the SYS.MONITOR table or use the ttXactAdmin utility to detect whether an
application is spending time waiting for locks. See "Check for deadlocks and timeouts"
on page 2-14 and "Using the ttXactAdmin utility" on page 1-19.
If lock contention is high, you may be able to improve the overall performance of your
system by implementing the following:
■
■
■
Set the LockLevel configuration attribute or use the ttLockLevel procedure to
place locks on rows, rather than on the entire database. Row locking is the default.
Use the ttOptSetFlag procedure to prevent the query optimizer from placing
locks on tables. Table locks are sometimes the default, particularly for updates that
affect many rows.
Use read-committed isolation level (Isolation=1, the default) for those
applications do not require serializable access to the transaction data.
If you see a lot of lock contention, but the above settings are all set to minimize
contention, then the contention may be related to the application itself. For example,
concurrent threads may be repeatedly accessing the same row. The ttXactAdmin
utility can sometimes help you detect this sort of contention. Tracing can also be useful
in this situation.
For more information about locks and isolation levels, see "Concurrency control
through isolation and locking" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations
Guide.
Check trace settings
Use ttTraceMon -e show as described in "Using the ttTraceMon utility" on page 1-6
to confirm tracing is off on all TimesTen components. ERR should be set to 1; all other
components should be set to 0. Trace levels are preserved when a database is reloaded.
On Windows platforms, confirm that ODBC tracing is disabled. Double-click ODBC in
the Control Panel to open the ODBC Data Source Administrator. Select the Tracing tab
and confirm tracing is disabled. See "Using ODBC tracing" on page 1-20.
Check partition counts for the tables
When a table is created, it has one partition. When you use ALTER TABLE ... ADD
COLUMN to add new columns, a new partition is added to the table. Adding multiple
columns with a single ALTER TABLE ... ADD COLUMN statement only adds one
partition.
2-12 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Application unresponsive, appears hung
There is a limit of 255 partitions per table. Exceeding this number generates error 8204.
An extra read for each new partition slightly degrades performance for each of the
new partitions. A high partition count should be avoided. On replicated tables that
have multiple partitions, additional space is used for each update on the subscriber
side, proportional to the number of partitions. This can result in the subscribers using
slightly more perm space than the master.
The partition value for each table is tracked in the SYS16 column of the system table,
SYS.TABLES. Obtain the partition counts for tables by using the following query:
SELECT tblname, sys16 FROM SYS.TABLES;
If you discover that a table has too many partitions, do one of the following:
■
■
Re-create the table
Save and restore the table. Use ttMigrate -c to create a migration file. Then
restore the table without additional partitions by using ttMigrate -r
-noRepUpgrade.
ALTER TABLE ... DROP COLUMN does not remove partitions from a table. On
replicated systems, all master and subscriber databases must be migrated using the
-noRepUpgrade option. Replication does not occur for tables that have different
partition structures.
Application unresponsive, appears hung
This section describes what to check if your application is unresponsive and appears to
be hung.
Possible cause
See...
All causes
"Check logs and gather trace information" on
page 2-13
Internal application error
"Check for ODBC errors" on page 2-13
Inconsistent connection attributes set in
DSN
"Consider connection mode" on page 2-11
Excessive lock contention
"Check for deadlocks and timeouts" on page 2-14
Check logs and gather trace information
If your application hangs, check the transaction log by using the ttXactAdmin utility.
See "Using the ttXactAdmin utility" on page 1-19.
Also check the user error log for errors, as described in "Using the logs generated by
the TimesTen daemon" on page 1-6 .
You can also generate a trace log to detect the activities on various TimesTen
components as described in "Using the ttTraceMon utility" on page 1-6 .
Check for ODBC errors
Check the ODBC errors returned by the SQLError function in all applications to
determine whether one of them has encountered a problem that caused it to hang. Call
SQLError after each ODBC call to identify error or warning conditions when they
first happen. Examples of SQLError usage can be found in the demo programs and in
"Retrieving errors and warnings" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Error
Messages and SNMP Traps.
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases 2-13
Application unable to find previously created objects
If the problem is repeatable, use ttTraceMon to generate a SQL trace to determine
where the application is hanging. See "SQL tracing" on page 1-9 for details. In more
extreme cases, it may be helpful to generate a level 4 ERR trace for the application and
review all of the errors messages that are pushed in the TimesTen direct driver. See
"ERR tracing" on page 1-13 for details.
Check for deadlocks and timeouts
If there is no connect problem, a deadlock or timeout may be the problem. The
SYS.MONITOR table records information about deadlocks and timeouts. See
"Monitoring the TimesTen system tables" on page 1-20 for information on how view
the contents of this table. You can also use the ttXactAdmin utility to detect the types
of locks currently held by uncommitted transactions and the resources on which they
are being held.
If a deadlock occurs, the TimesTen subdaemon negotiates the problem by having an
application involved in the deadlock generate TimesTen error 6002, "Lock request
denied because of deadlock." The error message contains the SQL that the lock
holder is running, which can help you diagnose the cause of the deadlock. If your
application encounters this error, it should roll back the transaction and then reissue
the statements for that transaction. Deadlocks can be caused if your application issues
statements in a particular order that results in a circular wait, and can sometimes be
prevented by changing the order in which the statements are issued.
An application encounters TimesTen error 6003, "Lock request denied because
of timeout," if it is unable to acquire a lock within the time period defined by the
lock timeout interval set by the LockWait attribute in the DSN or by the ttLockWait
procedure in your application. Upon encountering a timeout error, your application
can reissue the statement. Keeping transactions short reduces the possibility of lock
timeout errors.
System tables are a common source of lock contention. Reduce contention on the
system tables by executing prepared statements, rather than executing the same
statements directly each time.
In multithreaded applications, a thread that issues requests on different connection
handles to the same database may encounter lock conflict with itself. TimesTen
resolves these conflicts with lock timeouts.
Application unable to find previously created objects
This section describes what to check if your application is unable to locate previously
created tables, indexes, sequences or views in the database.
Possible cause
See...
No owner or incorrect owner specified
"Specify object owner" on page 2-15
User does not have SELECT privileges to tables.
"Check privilege to access tables" on
page 2-15
Database is temporary.
"Check temporary DSN attribute" on
page 2-15
Overwrite attribute is enabled.
"Check Overwrite DSN attribute" on
page 2-15
Path name specified in DSN is relative.
"Check path name to database" on page 2-15
2-14 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Application unable to find previously created objects
Specify object owner
Tables, indexes and sequences can be created either with a single name, such as
PARTS, or with a qualified name incorporating an owner and table name, such as
STAN.PARTS. When accessing a table or index, if no owner is specified, TimesTen first
assumes that the owner is the login ID of the user (the value of the UID attribute). If
TimesTen cannot find the table or index under the user's login ID, it then assumes that
the owner is user SYS.
If applications need to connect to a database as different users and share objects,
explicitly specify the owners of the objects when they are created and referenced.
Check privilege to access tables
All privileges for the user can be viewed in the SYS.USER_SYS_PRIVS table, which
contains all of the system-level privileges for a given user, and the SYS.USER_TAB_
PRIVS table, which contains all of the object-level privileges for a given user. Check
these tables to verify if you have SELECT privilege for the tables. If you do not have
SELECT privilege for the tables, the privilege may be granted with the GRANT
statement. The method for granting privileges is described in the "Managing Access
Control" chapter in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Check temporary DSN attribute
Temporary databases (DSN attribute: Temporary=1) persist until all connections to
the database have been removed. When attempting to access a table in a temporary
database and the table does not exist, it is possible that the database in which the table
resided in has been dropped.
Check Overwrite DSN attribute
If the Overwrite and AutoCreate DSN attributes are enabled and the database
already exists, TimesTen drops that database and creates a new one. Any tables that
were created in the old database are dropped.
Check path name to database
To ensure that you are always accessing the same database when connecting to a
particular DSN, use an absolute database path name instead of a relative one. For
example, if the demo database is in the datastore directory, specify:
DataStore=/datastore/demo
rather than:
DataStore=demo
In the latter case, the database path name is relative to the directory where the
application was started. If you are unable to find a table and you are using a relative
database path name, it is possible that the database in which the table resides in does
exist but the database (checkpoint and log) files are in a different directory than the
one that you are accessing.
See "Specifying Data Source Names to identify TimesTen databases" in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases 2-15
Troubleshooting OCI and Pro*C/C++ applications
Troubleshooting OCI and Pro*C/C++ applications
On Windows, the NLS_LANG setting is taken from the registry if it is not in the
environment. If NLS_LANG is set to an unsupported value, such as NA, an OCI
connection failed error or an ORA-12705 error is thrown. If your OCI or Pro*C/C++
program has trouble connecting to TimesTen, verify that the setting of HKEY_LOCAL_
MACHINE\Software\ORACLE\NLS_LANG is valid and indicates a character set
supported by TimesTen. This is likely only an issue on machines that previously had
Oracle9i or earlier Oracle versions installed.
Refer to the "Globalization support" section in the OCI chapter of the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database C Developer's Guide for more information on NLS_LANG.
Running out of a resource
This section describes what to check if TimesTen runs out of resources such as
memory space, disk space, file descriptors, and semaphores.
Symptom
See...
Memory consumption seems high.
"Operating system tools and shared memory" on
page 2-16
Running out of memory space
■
■
"Check the amount of memory allocated to the
database" on page 2-17
■
"Update query optimizer statistics" on page 2-18
■
"Check memory used by queries" on page 2-18
■
■
Running out of disk space
"Operating system tools and shared memory" on
page 2-16
"Check available swap space (virtual memory)" on
page 2-18
"Out of memory after fatal crash of the database" on
page 2-19
"Check transaction log file use of disk space" on
page 2-19
"Check if tracing is enabled" on page 2-20
Running out of transaction log
space
"Check transaction log file use of disk space" on
page 2-19
Running out of file descriptors
"Increase the number of available file descriptors" on
page 2-6
Running out of semaphores
"Check the semaphore limit" on page 2-20
Running out of CPU
Obtain a stack trace and contact Technical support.
Operating system tools and shared memory
Operating system tools such as top, vmstat, and sar provide statistics about
processes and memory usage. The output from these tools can be misleading as an
indicator of TimesTen memory consumption because they report shared memory
usage for each process but do not report total shared memory usage. Adding together
various memory statistics for TimesTen processes overestimates the amount of
memory used by TimesTen because shared memory is by definition shared.
2-16 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Running out of a resource
Check the amount of memory allocated to the database
TimesTen uses both permanent and temporary data partitions. The amount of
memory allocated for these partitions is set by the PermSize and TempSize
attributes in the DSN definition for the database.
When the TimesTen database fills up, it is important to determine whether it is the
permanent or the temporary segment that is filling up. Use the ttIsql dssize
command to list allocated, in-use, and high water mark sizes for the permanent and
temporary data partitions. The dssize command selects the following values from
SYS.MONITOR:
■
PERM_ALLOCATED_SIZE
■
PERM_IN_USE_SIZE
■
PERM_IN_USE_HIGH_WATER
■
TEMP_ALLOCATED_SIZE
■
TEMP_IN_USE_SIZE
■
TEMP_IN_USE_HIGH_WATER
The permanent segment consists of table and index data, while the temporary segment
consists of internal structures, such as locks, sorting areas, and compiled commands.
Keeping transactions short and making sure there is enough temporary space in the
database prevents locks from occupying all of the remaining temporary space. You can
also use table locks if transactions are acquiring tens of thousands of row locks.
For tips on how to estimate the size of your database, see "Size your database
correctly" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Permanent segment filling up
Consider whether you can drop any indexes. You may want to look at query plans to
see which indexes are actually used. See "Viewing and changing query optimizer
plans" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide. You can also use
the ttRedundantIndexCheck procedure to discover redundant indexes. The
procedure returns suggestions about which indexes to drop.
Use the ttSize utility to estimate the amount of memory used by each table in the
database. If the amount of data you need to store is too big, you may need to reset the
PermSize attribute for the database to increase the size of the permanent segment.
Alternatively, you may need to partition your data into several different databases if,
for example, you cannot shrink the temporary segment or create a bigger database
because of limits on the memory segment size.
Sometimes when the permanent segment fills up, copying the data out of the database,
deleting all the data, and copying it back in frees up space. This can be done more
efficiently by using the ttMigrate utility with the -noRepUpgrade option to
migrate the data out, destroy and re-create the database, and migrate the data back in.
This operation is described in "Reducing database size" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Installation Guide.
Finally, you may have to configure the operating system to allow a larger amount of
shared memory to be allocated to a process. You may also have to allocate more swap
space for virtual memory. See "Check available swap space (virtual memory)" on
page 2-18.
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases 2-17
Running out of a resource
Temporary segment filling up
Some commands may be allocating too much space because of out-of-date statistics.
See "Update query optimizer statistics" on page 2-18.
If updating the statistics does not reduce temporary segment memory usage,
disconnect all connections and then reconnect them. Verify that all connections have
been disconnected by using the ttStatus utility. That frees up all temporary space,
but you must reprepare commands.
Diagnose memory usage by queries. See "Check memory used by queries" on
page 2-18.
If the problem is chronic, monitor the database to try to identify the source of the
problem. Use the ttWarnOnLowMemory procedure to enable warnings in the user log
that indicate that the database is filling up.
Update query optimizer statistics
If the database seems to have enough free space but runs out of database space when
executing a query, make sure you have updated the optimizer statistics with the
ttOptUpdateStats or ttOptEstimateStats procedure. To execute some queries,
TimesTen needs to allocate temporary space. The amount of temporary space required
is estimated from statistics about the tables used by the query. Without correct
statistics, the temporary space required may be underestimated.
See "Using the query optimizer" on page 1-21.
Check memory used by queries
You can check the memory that a query uses by observing the high water mark for
temporary memory usage. The high water mark represents the largest amount of
in-use temporary space used since the high water mark was initialized or reset.
Complete the following tasks:
1.
Use the ttIsql dssize command to check TEMP_IN_USE_SIZE and TEMP_IN_
USE_HIGH_WATER. Alternatively, you can query the SYS.MONITOR table for these
values.
2.
Call the ttMonitorHighWaterReset procedure to reset the TEMP_IN_USE_
HIGH_WATER to the current value for TEMP_IN_USE_SIZE.
3.
Execute a query.
4.
Use dssize to check TEMP_IN_USE_HIGH_WATER for peak memory usage for
the query.
Check available swap space (virtual memory)
If you receive an error indicating that you have run out of swap space, you may need
to increase the amount of available swap space (also referred to as "virtual memory").
On UNIX systems, use the swap command to check and reset the amount of virtual
memory currently established for your system.
On Windows systems, check and reset the size of your virtual memory by choosing
Control Panel > System > Advanced.
2-18 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Running out of a resource
Out of memory after fatal crash of the database
Fatal errors, such as errors 846 and 994, invalidate a TimesTen database. However, the
database remains in memory, which is only freed after all users have disconnected
from the database. If the database is restarted while users are connected to the
invalidated database, both old and new instances exist in memory at the same time. In
this case, users could receive out-of-memory conditions. To prevent an "Out of
memory" error, disconnect all active connections at the time of the fatal error before
reconnecting.
Check transaction log file use of disk space
TimesTen saves a copy of the database in one of two checkpoint files, which are stored
in the directory specified by the DataStore attribute. Each checkpoint file can grow
on disk to be equivalent to the size of the database in shared memory. For each
permanent database, you must have enough disk space for the two checkpoint files
and for transaction log files.
Transaction log files accumulate in the directory specified by the LogDir attribute and
are only deleted when checkpoints are performed. If the LogDir attribute is not
specified in the DSN, transaction log files accumulate in the directory specified by the
DataStore attribute. The maximum size of your transaction log files is set by the
LogFileSize attribute.
When a disk fills up with TimesTen data, it is most often due to a build-up of
transaction log files. Transaction log files are used for numerous purposes in
TimesTen, including checkpointing, backups, and replication. It is important to
determine which operation is putting a "hold" on the transaction log files, so that
appropriate action can be taken to allow the transaction log files to be purged. This can
be done by using the ttLogHolds built-in procedure. There are six types of log holds.
They are discussed in detail below.
■
■
■
Checkpoint - If a TimesTen application crashes and the database needs to be
recovered, the checkpoint files and transaction log files are used to recover the
data. The "most recent" transaction log files are used -- those written since the
checkpoint was done. Transaction log files accumulate during the interval
between checkpoints. Your application should periodically call the ttCkpt or
ttCkptBlocking procedure to checkpoint the data and free up the space on the
disk. If checkpoints are done very infrequently, a large number of transaction log
files may accumulate, particularly if many changes are made to the database
during that interval. See "Checkpoint Operations" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Replication -TimesTen replication transmits changes to one database to one or
more other databases. It does this by reading the log and sending any relevant
changes. If replication is paused, the transaction log files build up. To prevent log
build-up, avoid pausing replication for too long. Delete subscriptions entirely, and
reset replication where appropriate. See "Setting the replication state of
subscribers" in Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen
Replication Guide for more information on pausing and restarting or resetting
replication.
Backup - TimesTen supports an incremental backup facility that uses transaction
log files to augment a backup with changes made since the last backup.
Transaction log files accumulate during the interval between incremental backups.
To avoid a large log build-up, do incremental backups at relatively frequent
intervals. If desired, disable incremental backups and do full backups instead. See
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases 2-19
Running out of a resource
"Copying, migrating, backing up and restoring a database" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
■
■
■
XLA - TimesTen's persistent XLA facility reports changes to the database by using
transaction log files. Transaction log files are kept until the corresponding
transactions have been acknowledged using the ttXlaAcknowledge C function.
Call ttXlaAcknowledge frequently enough to prevent transaction log files
building up. See "Retrieving update records from the transaction log" in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database C Developer's Guide.
XA - TimesTen's XA support uses transaction log files to resolve distributed
transactions. If these transactions are not resolved in a timely manner, transaction
log files build up. See "Distributed Transaction Processing XA" in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database C Developer's Guide.
Long-running transactions - TimesTen uses the transaction log to roll back
transactions. A log hold is placed for the duration of a transaction. Transactions
that are active for a long time result in log file building up if the transaction has
written at least one log record. (That is, it is not a read-only transaction.) Commit
write transactions with reasonable frequency to avoid significant log file build-up.
See "Size transactions appropriately" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide for more information on transaction length.
The following attributes are related to disk use:
■
■
The LogPurge attribute indicates whether transaction log files that no longer have
a hold on them are purged (removed from the disk) or simply archived (renamed).
If the LogPurge attribute is set to the default value of 0, TimesTen renames
transaction log files that it no longer needs by appending the string .arch to the
name. Once renamed, you must delete the transaction log files manually when
they are no longer needed. If transaction log files are not purged, they continue to
accumulate space, even when no longer needed by TimesTen.
The Preallocate attribute indicates whether disk space should be reserved for
checkpoint files at connect time. This is useful for big databases, to ensure that the
disk always has room for the checkpoint files as data is added to the database.
Check if tracing is enabled
When tracing to a file has been enabled, the file may grow so large that a process
attempting an operation may exceed the file limits. Tracing always appends to an
existing file.
On certain platforms, the file size is limited to 2G. If you reach this limit, the process is
terminated unless you catch the SIGXFSZ signal. The error shown is the "FILESIZE
LIMIT EXCEEDED" error. Ensure that you want tracing enabled when using
environments with strict file size limits.
Check the semaphore limit
When creating multiple client/server connections to a TimesTen database configured
to allow shared memory segment as IPC, you may encounter errors that indicate
TimesTen was unable to create a semaphore.
Semaphore limits are platform-dependent. See your operating system documentation
and "Increase number of semaphores" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Installation Guide.
2-20 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory
Duplicate results from a SELECT statement
Using read-committed isolation level can lead to duplicates in a result set. A SELECT
statement selects more or fewer rows than the total number of rows in the table if
some rows are added or removed and committed in the range in which the SELECT
scan is occurring. This may happen when an UPDATE, INSERT or DELETE statement
adds or deletes a value from an index and the SELECT scan is using this index. This
can also happen when an INSERT or DELETE adds or deletes rows from the table and
the SELECT operation is using an all-table scan.
Index values are ordered. An UPDATE of an index value may delete the old value and
insert the new value into a different place. In other words it moves a row from one
position in the index to another position. If an index scan sees the same row in both
positions, it returns the row twice. This does not happen with a serial scan because
table pages are unordered and rows do not need to be moved around for an UPDATE.
Hence once a scan passes a row, it will not see that same row again.
The only general way to avoid this problem is for the SELECT statement to use
Serializable isolation. This prevents a concurrent INSERT, DELETE or UPDATE
operation. There is no reliable way to avoid this problem with INSERT or DELETE by
forcing the use of an index because these operations affect all indexes. With UPDATE,
this problem can be avoided by forcing the SELECT statement to use an index that is
not being updated.
For more information about Serializable isolation, see "Concurrency control through
isolation and locking" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Operations Guide.
Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory
The PLSQL_MEMORY_ADDRESS first connection attribute determines the virtual
address at which the PL/SQL shared memory segment is loaded into each process that
uses the TimesTen direct drivers. Since each operating system platform has different
mappings for its address space, the default values for the PL/SQL address space
defined in the PLSQL_MEMORY_ADDRESS connection attribute are different for each
platform, which avoids conflict with operating system mapped address space.
However, if your application overlaps with the PL/SQL mapped address space, you
may receive error 8517 "Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory; PLSQL_
MEMORY_ADDRESS not valid or already in use." In this case, modify the
setting for the PLSQL_MEMORY_ADDRESS connection attribute to eliminate the
overlap. The reasons for receiving error 8517 can be one of the following:
■
User allocated memory already uses that address.
■
Some shared memory already uses that address.
■
A shared library already uses that address.
To recover, specify a virtual address that is free for all processes that may connect to
the database. If you have a 32-bit program that allocates large amounts of memory
before connecting to TimesTen, it may clash with the PL/SQL shared memory
segment. In this case, either allocate memory after connecting to TimesTen or use a
64-bit application. In a 64-bit environment, the options for reassigning to another
memory address are less complicated than for a 32-bit operating system, where
options are limited and potential for overlap is more common.
If an application accesses two or more TimesTen databases at the same time, you must
modify the default setting for the PLSQL_MEMORY_ADDRESS attribute in all but one of
the TimesTen databases, since the default settings would map the PL/SQL memory
address to the same address for all TimesTen databases.
Troubleshooting TimesTen Applications and Databases 2-21
Cannot attach PL/SQL shared memory
2-22 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
3
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database
Cache
3
The following sections in this chapter describe how to troubleshoot some of the
problems you may encounter when using Oracle In-Memory Database Cache (IMDB
Cache):
■
Unable to create a cache group
■
Unable to start or stop the cache agent
■
Recovering cache grid after unexpected system shutdown
■
Unable to resolve Oracle Service Name
■
Unable to resolve connect identifier
■
Incompatible Oracle Server and Client versions
■
Unable to validate Oracle username and password
■
OCI initialization failed
■
Unsupported data type mapping
■
Null constraint does not match Oracle
■
DDL operations on cached Oracle tables may cause cache group operations to fail
■
Changes not visible after updating object in cache group
■
Loading or refreshing fails
■
Monitoring autorefresh cache groups
■
Optimize Performance for IMDB Cache
■
Autorefresh not refreshing cache at the specified interval
■
Incremental autorefresh not progressing
■
Incremental autorefresh becomes full autorefresh
■
Poor autorefresh performance
■
Declaring NOVALIDATE on constraints causes cache group creation failure
■
AWR report showing lock contention with DBMS_LOCK
If you are having problems with an AWT cache group, see also Chapter 5,
"Troubleshooting AWT Cache Groups".
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-1
Unable to create a cache group
Unable to create a cache group
This section describes some of the problems you might encounter when executing the
CREATE CACHE GROUP statement.
Possible cause
What to do
User does not have the correct Oracle
privileges to create the cache group type.
See "Check Oracle privileges" on page 3-6.
User has insufficient access to database.
You must have CACHE_MANAGER privilege
to create a cache group.
The internal/external user does not match the
Oracle user.
The TimesTen user name must be the same as
the Oracle user name.
Cannot connect to Oracle
See:
■
■
■
■
■
"Unable to resolve Oracle Service Name"
on page 3-4
"Unable to resolve connect identifier" on
page 3-5
"Unable to validate Oracle username and
password" on page 3-5
"Incompatible Oracle Server and Client
versions" on page 3-5
Check whether Oracle needs to be
restarted.
Check the network status.
Cache administration user ID or password not See "Set the cache administration user id and
set (when trying to create AWT or autorefresh password" on page 3-7.
cache groups)
Unsupported data type mapping
See "Unsupported data type mapping" on
page 3-9.
Different nullability setting in Oracle
See "Null constraint does not match Oracle" on
page 3-9.
Failure to specify primary key in root table
The root table of a cache group must have a
primary key. See "Defining cache groups" in
the Oracle In-Memory Database Cache User's
Guide.
Unable to start or stop the cache agent
This section describes some of the problems you might encounter when starting or
stopping the cache agent.
Possible cause
What to do
Cache agent already running
See "Check status of the cache agent" on page 3-3.
Unable to locate Oracle libraries
■
■
See "Check status of TNS listener and Oracle
Server" on page 3-6.
Check the permissions on the libraries.
ORACLE_HOME is invalid.
See "Check ORACLE_HOME environment variable" on
page 3-3.
Insufficient privileges
You must have CACHE_MANAGER privilege to start or
stop the cache agent.
3-2 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Recovering cache grid after unexpected system shutdown
Possible cause
What to do
Wrong OracleID
Ensure that the OracleID set in your DSN definition
matches the Oracle Service Name for the Oracle
instance that contains the tables to cache in TimesTen.
Check status of the cache agent
Check the status of the cache agent by using the ttStatus utility as described in
"Using the ttStatus utility" on page 1-2 to check the status of the cache agent.
If the cache agent is not running, start it as described in "Starting the cache agent" in
the Oracle In-Memory Database Cache User's Guide. If attempts to start the cache agent
fail, then investigate the possible causes and reboot the machine before attempting to
start the cache agent.
Check ORACLE_HOME environment variable
On UNIX or Linux platforms, check that the ORACLE_HOME environment variable is
set correctly for the shell from which you are starting the cache agent and the
TimesTen daemon. Use the ttmodinstall utility if you need to change the setting
for ORACLE_HOME.
See "Environment variables" in Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide.
Check NLS environment variables
NLS environment variables are set in the environment where the TimesTen
application is running, even though TimesTen is not using the NLS environment
variables. Unset the NLS environment variables and restart the TimesTen daemon, the
cache agent, and the replication agent.
Recovering cache grid after unexpected system shutdown
The server may experience a system failure or an unexpected reboot, such as with a
power outage. In this case, the cache grid exits unexpectedly without the normal
shutdown procedure.
The following sections describe how to recover when the system unexpectedly shuts
down for two scenarios:
■
A portion of the cache grid nodes are still running
■
All cache grid nodes exited unexpectedly
A portion of the cache grid nodes are still running
When the server shuts down, some of the cache grid notes exited unexpectedly, but
others are still active. In this case, you must detach the dead nodes first by executing
ttGridDetachList from an attached node, as follows:
1.
Connect to a surviving grid node and execute ttGridDetachList to force a
detach of all dead nodes from the grid.
2.
Connect to the databases on the rebooted server. Start the replication agent by
executing ttRepStart.
3.
Attach the cache grid nodes by executing ttGridAttach.
4.
Resume normal database operations.
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-3
Unable to resolve Oracle Service Name
All cache grid nodes exited unexpectedly
If all cache grid nodes exited unexpectedly when the server shut down, perform the
following tasks to recover the cache grid:
1.
Log on to each grid node by connecting to the databases on the rebooted server.
Start the replication agent by executing ttRepStart. The replication agent will
flush the existing log, even if the log is current.
2.
Call ttGridAttach on each node, which will fail with a communication error
because it cannot communicate with other members. The failed attach cleans up
the node information.
3.
The last node on which you execute the ttGridAttach should succeed. At this
point you have cleaned up all nodes, so execute ttGridAttach on all nodes
again to attach each node to the grid.
4.
Resume normal database operations.
Unable to resolve Oracle Service Name
If you receive error ORA-12514 indicating "could not resolve service name":
■
■
■
Use the Oracle TNSPING utility to verify that the service can be reached.
Ensure that the OracleID set in your DSN definition matches the Oracle Service
Name for the Oracle instance that contains the tables to cache in TimesTen.
Ensure that there is a service name defined. If it is a Windows Oracle client, use
Oracle Net Configuration Assistant to configure a service name. In Oracle Net
Configuration Assistant, navigate to Oracle Net Configuration -> Local -> Service
Naming, select your Oracle server and confirm that there is a service name or a
SID that identifies the Oracle server. If you add or modify a service name, you
may need to reboot.
Check the cache administration user name and password on Oracle with SQL*Plus
to make sure this service name works. For example:
%sqlplus cache_admin_user/cache_admin_pwd@OracleHost
cache_admin_user is the cache administration user name, cache_admin_pwd
is the cache administration user password, and OracleHost is the OracleID
specified in your DSN definition.
Your cache administration user may be different from your
regular Oracle user. See "Create the Oracle users" in the Oracle
In-Memory Database Cache User's Guide.
Note:
■
■
Ensure that there is only one copy of tnsnames.ora on your TimesTen machine.
Also check the permission on tnsnames.ora.
If you are running TimesTen on a UNIX system, check that the ORACLE_HOME
environment variable points to the correct Oracle installation directory. For
example:
ORACLE_HOME=/products/oracle10g
■
Check the Oracle client and server versions. See "Incompatible Oracle Server and
Client versions" on page 3-5.
3-4 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Unable to validate Oracle username and password
Unable to resolve connect identifier
You may receive ORA-12154 "TNS:could not resolve the connect identifier specified"
when you try to connect to a a database.
This can occur when you are trying to use IMDB Cache and Oracle on the same
machine and the TNS_ADMIN environment variable does not point to the proper
tnsnames.ora file for Oracle. For example, you may have several instances of the
Oracle Database running on a laptop.
In a production environment, you typically have TimesTen and Oracle running on
different machines. In this case, do not reset the TNS_ADMIN environment variable to
point to a tnsnames.ora file on the machine where TimesTen is running. The Oracle
client uses the TNS_ADMIN setting to resolve the connection, but the TimesTen main
daemon, the cache agent, the Web server, and the replication agent are unaware of the
TNS_ADMIN setting. IMDB Cache cannot operate properly when the Oracle client and
TimesTen use different tnsnames.ora files.
On Windows, set the TNS_ADMIN environment variable as follows:
1.
Right-click My Computer and choose Properties.
2.
On the Advanced tab, choose Environment Variables.
3.
Add or edit TNS_ADMIN as a system environment variable so that it points to the
directory that contains the tnsnames.ora file that you wish to use. You can
include other tnsnames.ora files with the INAME command inside the
tnsnames.ora file.
Incompatible Oracle Server and Client versions
If you receive connection timeout errors such as ORA-12170 or ORA-12535, or if you
receive ORA-03134 (server version not supported), verify that you are using an Oracle
client and Oracle server whose versions are compatible.
Metalink Documentation Note 207303.1, "Client/Server/Interoperability Support
Between Different Oracle Versions", lists the client/server combinations supported by
Oracle.
See "Oracle In-Memory Database Cache" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Installation Guide for information about Oracle clients and servers supported for use
with TimesTen. Also check Oracle and TimesTen release notes for known problems
with client/server versions.
Unable to validate Oracle username and password
This section describes some of the problems you might encounter when using the
Oracle username and password.
Possible cause
See...
The library environment variable is not set
correctly
"Check library path environment variable" on
page 3-6.
Oracle processes not running
"Check status of TNS listener and Oracle Server"
on page 3-6.
User does not have the correct Oracle
privileges
"Check Oracle privileges" on page 3-6.
Incorrectly configured DSN
"Check DSN definition" on page 3-6.
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-5
Unable to validate Oracle username and password
Possible cause
See...
Problems with cache administration user ID "Set the cache administration user id and
or password
password" on page 3-7.
Inconsistent user and system environments
"Check user and system environment" on
page 3-7.
Dynamic libraries not loading
"Verify the loaded dynamic libraries" on
page 3-7.
Check library path environment variable
Check the library path environment variable on your platform.
On this platform...
Check this variable...
UNIX except HP-UX
LD_LIBRARY_PATH
On 64-bit platforms, LD_LIBRARY_PATH64 takes precedence
over LD_LIBRARY_PATH. Make sure that the library path is
specified in LD_LIBRARY_PATH64.
HP-UX
SHLIB_PATH
Windows
PATH
The library path environment variable must include the following information:
TimesTen and platform bit combination
Setting
64-bit TimesTen or 32-bit TimesTen on 32-bit
platform
$ORACLE_HOME/LIB and $ORACLE_
HOME/NETWORK/LIB
32-bit TimesTen on 64-bit platform
$ORACLE_HOME/LIB32 and $ORACLE_
HOME/NETWORK/LIB32
Check status of TNS listener and Oracle Server
Try to connect to the Oracle database by using SQL*Plus or use Oracle Enterprise
Manager to verify the status.
Check Oracle privileges
From an Oracle SQL*Plus command prompt, list the current Oracle privileges granted
to you by entering:
SELECT * FROM SESSION_ROLES;
SELECT * FROM SESSION_PRIVS;
Compare the privileges listed against the required privileges for the various IMDB
Cache operations that are specified in "Grant privileges to Oracle users" in the Oracle
In-Memory Database Cache User's Guide. Contact your Oracle Administrator if you
require additional privileges.
Check DSN definition
■
■
Confirm you have correctly set the DSN attributes as described in "DSN for a
TimesTen database that caches data from an Oracle database" in the Oracle
In-Memory Database Cache User's Guide.
Confirm that the DSN definition for IMDB Cache is a system DSN.
3-6 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Unable to validate Oracle username and password
■
■
Confirm that the DSN for IMDB Cache is defined only once.
Confirm Oracle user name and password. Use SQLPlus and connect to Oracle
using the same OracleID and OraclePWD used in your DSN definition to
confirm they are correct.
Reboot TimesTen machine
If the Oracle client was installed and the machine has not been restarted, then the
TimesTen daemon is still running under the "old" environment before the Oracle client
install. Reboot your machine so the TimesTen can start under the "new" environment.
Set the cache administration user id and password
From a ttIsql session, connect to the database and enter the following:
Command> call ttCacheUidPwdSet('scott','tiger');
If it returns an error, then check the Oracle ID, the cache administration user ID and
cache administration password. Also check whether the Oracle instance is running.
Check user and system environment
Test to see if the problem is due to differences in user and system environment. This
procedure requires two session windows (Command Prompt windows in Windows or
shell windows in UNIX).
1.
Stop the TimesTen daemon.
2.
In one session window, start the Timesten daemon as a regular user.
On Windows:
% install_dir/srv/ttsrv1121.exe -d -verbose
On UNIX:
% install_dir/srv/timestend -d verbose
Some messages will flash by, and then it goes into a wait state.
3.
In another session window, try to restart the cache agent.
4.
If Step 3 succeeds, then use Ctrl-C on Windows or the kill command on UNIX to
stop the TimesTen daemon you started for the other session in Step 2.
5.
Compare the user environment and system environment. For example, do both
user and system see the same copy of oci.dll? Are there any differences in the
path name to the oci.dll library between the user and system environments?
6.
If you detect differences, make the necessary modifications.
7.
Reboot the system and restart the TimesTen daemon.
Verify the loaded dynamic libraries
If you are running on a Windows system with Visual C++ installed, verify the loaded
dynamic libraries. This works only if you can start the cache agent without
autorefresh:
1.
Make sure TimesTen is started.
2.
Start the cache agent without autorefresh.
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-7
OCI initialization failed
Command> call ttCacheStart;
Command> create cache group cg1 from t1(c1 int not null primary key);
3.
Open the Windows Task Manager, find process ttora1121.exe and highlight it.
Right-click on it and select Debug. This brings you into Visual C++ and you
should see the loaded DLL in the debug window, as described in "Unable to
resolve Oracle Service Name" on page 3-4.
4.
Load the cache group to force an cache connection from the cache agent:
Command> load cache group cg1 commit every 100 rows;
5.
Compare the loaded DLL in your debug window with the partial list shown in
Example 3–1.
Example 3–1 List of loaded dlls
This partial list was created with the Oracle client.
Loaded 'E:\TimesTen\tt1121_32\bin\timestenorad1121.exe', no matching symbolic
information found.
Loaded 'C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\ntdll.dll', no matching symbolic information found.
Loaded 'C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\kernel32.dll', no matching symbolic information found.
Loaded 'E:\TimesTen\tt1121_32\bin\tten1121.dll', no matching symbolic information
found.
Loaded 'E:\TimesTen\tt1121_32\bin\ttcommon1121.dll', no matching symbolic
information found.
Loaded 'C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\wsock32.dll', no matching symbolic information found.
Loaded 'C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\ws2_32.dll', no matching symbolic information found.
Loaded 'C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\msvcrt.dll', no matching symbolic information found.
Loaded 'C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\ws2help.dll', no matching symbolic information found.
Loaded 'C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\advapi32.dll', no matching symbolic information found.
Loaded 'C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\rpcrt4.dll', no matching symbolic information found.
...
OCI initialization failed
Error 5105, "OCI initialization failed," may occur when an operation requires
contact with the Oracle database. For example, the error might occur in the following
situations:
■
Starting the cache agent
■
Setting the cache administration user ID or password
■
Entering a SQL statement in TimesTen when autocommit=0 and PassThrough=3
Error 5105 contains additional information about its cause:
■
■
■
OCI is unable to find an Oracle library. See "Check library path environment
variable" on page 3-6 and check the permissions on the library specified in the
error message.
ORACLE_HOME is invalid. See "Check ORACLE_HOME environment variable" on
page 3-3.
NLS environment variables are set in the environment where the TimesTen
application is running, even though TimesTen is not using the NLS environment
variables. Unset the NLS environment variables and restart the TimesTen daemon,
the cache agent, and the replication agent.
3-8 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
DDL operations on cached Oracle tables may cause cache group operations to fail
Unsupported data type mapping
When you try to create a cache group, you may receive the following error:
5115: Unsupported type mapping for column name
For example, table tab on Oracle can be described as follows:
COL1
COL2
NUMBER(38) NOT NULL
NUMBER(38)
Try to create the cache group as follows:
CREATE CACHE GROUP cg FROM tab(col1 CHAR(10) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY);
Error 5119 is displayed and the cache group is not created because the statement
attempts to map a column of NUMBER data type to a column of CHAR data type.
See "Data type mappings allowed for key columns" in the Oracle In-Memory Database
Cache User's Guide.
Null constraint does not match Oracle
When you try to create a cache group, you may receive the following warning:
Warning 5119: Column name has different nullability setting in Oracle
For example, table tab on Oracle can be described as follows:
COL1
COL2
NUMBER(38) NOT NULL
NUMBER(38)
Try to create the cache group as follows:
CREATE CACHE GROUP cg
FROM tab(col1 INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY, col2 INTEGER NOT NULL);
Warning 5119 is displayed because col2 on Oracle does not have a NULL constraint,
but col2 in the cache group is defined as NOT NULL.
DDL operations on cached Oracle tables may cause cache group
operations to fail
DDL operations that are performed on an Oracle table that is being cached in
TimesTen may cause a failure on the cache group. For example, the user drops a
column on the Oracle table that is being cached in TimesTen. When the cache group is
propagated or flushed, TimesTen will update the column that no longer exists in the
Oracle table. When the cache group loads or refreshes, then TimesTen attempts to
retrieve data from the column that has been dropped.
The following cache group operations may fail:
■
Autorefresh does not occur.
■
AWT cache group operations are not propagated or refreshed to/from Oracle.
■
Cache group load or propagate fails.
If you suspect the cache group operations are not working properly because of a DDL
operation on the Oracle base table, then use DDL tracking to diagnose the issue. DDL
tracking saves the change history for all the cached Oracle tables. The SQL statement
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-9
Changes not visible after updating object in cache group
and when it was executed are each written to a TimesTen table in the cache
administrator user schema on Oracle.
For more information on how to create the DDL tracking objects and how to enable
DDL tracking for the base table within Oracle, see "Monitoring DDL operations on
Oracle tables" in the Oracle In-Memory Database Cache User's Guide. For details on the
built-in procedures used for initializing and enabling DDL tracking, see the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database Reference.
Changes not visible after updating object in cache group
If you modify an object in a cache group and then the changes do not appear on a
subsequent SQL statement, then one of the following may have occurred:
■
■
■
■
The object was dropped from the Oracle database or was somehow damaged.
The Oracle database was restored or recovered to a time before the object was
created.
The Oracle database was down.
The user modified the OracleNetServiceName DSN or connection attribute
after creating the cache group, which points to an Oracle database other than the
one that the cache group was created upon.
For example, if the user creates an AWT cache group. Then, the user added rows to a
table. When the user performs a SELECT * FROM the table, the rows did not appear.
The ttmesg.log error file does not display an error that Oracle is not available.
Instead, it displays the following messages:
12:09:02.10 Err : REP: 29934: CACHE1:meta.c(904): TT5221: TT5221: Oracle syntax
error in OCIStmtExecute(): ORA-00942: table or view does not exist rc = -1 -file "bdbStmt.c", lineno 1535, procedure "getOraOutTypesNLengths()"
12:09:02.27 Err : REP: 29934: CACHE1:receiver.c(1978): TT5250: Awt Initialization
Failure. Could not compile meta data sql.
12:09:02.27 Warn: REP: 29934: CACHE1:transmitter.c(6505): TT16060: Failed to read
data from the network. select() timed out
To recover, perform the following:
1.
Stop all updates to the cache group.
2.
If you are using an AWT cache group, then flush the cache group.
3.
Recreate the cache group with the drop and create.
Loading or refreshing fails
If the LOAD CACHE GROUP or REFRESH CACHE GROUP statement fails when you
specify COMMIT EVERY n ROWS and n is greater than 0, the contents of the target cache
group could be in an inconsistent state. Some cache instances may be partially loaded.
Unload the cache group and then load it again. In some situations, it may be easier to
drop and re-create the cache group.
Monitoring autorefresh cache groups
This section includes the following topics:
■
Using the ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure
3-10 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Monitoring autorefresh cache groups
■
Displaying information from the change log tables
■
Understanding messages about autorefresh in the support log
■
Diagnosing autorefresh failure
■
Diagnosing autorefresh performance problems
■
Using SNMP traps for alerts about autorefresh problems
Using the ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure
The ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure returns information about the last
ten autorefresh operations on a specified cache group.
The ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure returns information only when the
cache agent is running and the autorefresh state is ON or PAUSED. All of the return
fields are set to 0 when the cache agent is restarted or the autorefresh state is changed
to OFF.
Example 3–2 Calling ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet
This example uses testcache, which is a READONLY cache group with one table
and an incremental autorefresh interval of 10 seconds.
Command> call ttcacheautorefreshstatsget('user1','testcache');
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:43:52.000000, 850280, 44, 0, 75464, 528255, 75464, 310, 110, 6800,
1890912, 12439795, 1890912, 160020, InProgress >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:43:33.000000, 831700, 43, 13550, 108544, 759808, 108544, 1030, 230,
12290, 1815448, 11911540, 1815448, 160020, Complete >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:43:12.000000, 810230, 42, 17040, 115712, 809984, 115712, 610, 330,
16090, 1706904, 11151732, 1706904, 146470, Complete >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:42:52.000000, 790190, 41, 14300, 94208, 659456, 94208,560, 320,
13410, 1591192, 10341748, 1591192, 129430, Complete >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:42:32.000000, 770180, 40, 12080, 99328, 695296, 99328,450, 290,
11340, 1496984, 9682292, 1496984, 115130, Complete >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:42:12.000000, 750130, 39, 10380, 86016, 598368, 86016,430, 230,
9720, 1397656, 8986996, 1397656, 103050, Complete >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:41:52.000000, 730130, 38, 13530, 112640, 700768, 112640, 530, 220,
12780, 1311640, 8388628, 1311640, 92670, Complete >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:41:32.000000, 710120, 37, 9370, 56320, 326810, 56320, 310, 160,
8900, 1199000, 7687860, 1199000, 79140, Complete >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:41:22.000000, 700120, 36, 2120, 10240, 50330, 10240, 50, 200, 1870,
1142680, 7361050, 1142680, 69770, Complete >
< 1164260, 2007-07-23 15:41:12.000000, 690110, 35, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1132440, 7310720,
1132440, 67650, Complete >
10 rows found.
Table 3–1 describes the results from the first row of output.
Table 3–1
ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet results from last autorefresh operation
Result
Field name
Description
1164260
cgId
Cache group ID
2007-07-23 startTimestamp
15:43:52.0
00000
Timestamp when autorefresh started for this
interval
850280
Number of cache agent clock ticks in
milliseconds at the time the autorefresh
transaction started for this interval. This
value is cumulative and is reset when the
cache agent process starts.
cacheAgentUpTime
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-11
Monitoring autorefresh cache groups
Table 3–1 (Cont.) ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet results from last autorefresh operation
Result
Field name
Description
44
autorefNumber
Autorefresh number
0
autorefDuration
The number of milliseconds spent in this
autorefresh operation. It is zero because the
operations is in progress.
75464
autorefNumRows
The number of rows autorefreshed in this
autorefresh operation. This would include all
rows in the root table and child tables if the
cache group had child tables.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
528255
numOracleBytes
The number of bytes transferred from Oracle
in this autorefresh operation.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
75464
autorefNumRootTblRows
The number of root table rows autorefreshed
in this autorefresh operation.
310
autorefQueryExecDuration
The duration in milliseconds for the
autorefresh query to execute on Oracle.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
110
autorefQueryFetchDuration The duration in milliseconds for the
autorefresh query to fetch rows from Oracle.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
6800
autorefTtApplyDuration
The duration in milliseconds for TimesTen to
apply the updated rows to the cache group.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
1890912
totalNumRows
The total number of rows autorefreshed since
the cache agent started.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
12439795
totalNumOracleBytes
The total number of bytes transferred from
Oracle since the cache agent started.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
Note: This information is not provided for
full autorefresh.
1890912
totalNumRootTblRows
The total number of root table rows
autorefreshed since the cache agent started.
160020
totalDuration
The total autorefresh duration in milliseconds
since the cache agent started.
InProgress autorefreshStatus
Status. The status can also be Complete or
Failed.
3-12 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Monitoring autorefresh cache groups
Note that the total number of autorefreshed rows (1890912) is the same as the total
number of autorefreshed root table rows in this example because there are no child
tables.
The number of autorefreshed rows in TimesTen does not necessarily reflect the
number of rows updated on Oracle. The Oracle updates may be applied in TimesTen
more than once, or multiple Oracle updates on the same row may be applied as one
update in TimesTen.
Displaying information from the change log tables
TimesTen provides a SQL script that gathers information from the change log tables
that exist on the Oracle database for autorefresh cache groups. See "Oracle objects used
to manage a caching environment" in the Oracle In-Memory Database Cache User's Guide
for more information about change log tables.
The script displays the following information for each cached table:
****************************
* Host name: my-pc
* Timesten datastore name: c:\data\tt1121
* Cache table name: USER1.TESTCACHE
* Change log table name: tt_03_55555_L
* number of rows in change log table: 100000
* Maximum logseq on the change log table: 38
* Timesten has autorefreshed updates up to logseq: 38
* Number of updates waiting to be autorefreshed: 0
* Number of updates that has not been marked with a valid logseq: 0
****************************
The log sequence number (logseq) acts as a marker for the autorefresh operation.
Run the script as the cache administration user on the Oracle database using
SQL*Plus. If you run the script as a different user, it reports that the change log tables
do not exist.
The script is in the following location:
install_dir/oraclescripts/cacheInfo.sql
Understanding messages about autorefresh in the support log
The support log contains messages that show the progress of autorefresh. For
example, testcache is a READONLY cache group with an autorefresh interval of 10
seconds (10,000 milliseconds).
The support log shows when autorefresh starts:
15:43:33.96 Info: ORA: 5264: ora-5264-5676-refresh03918: Starting autorefresh
number 43 for interval 10000ms
The message includes the following information:
■
Timestamp (15:43:33.96)
■
Cache agent process ID (5264)
■
Thread ID (5676)
The thread ID is important because autorefresh numbers are unique only for a specific
interval. Always check both the thread ID and the autorefresh number when you are
tracking a specific autorefresh operation.
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-13
Monitoring autorefresh cache groups
The support log also contains a longer message that reports information similar to the
ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure. 108544 rows were updated in this
autorefresh interval, and 1815448 rows have been updated since the cache agent was
started. Note that the total number of rows and the total number of root table rows are
the same in this message because there is only one table in the cache group. Number
refers to the autorefresh number. All times are expressed in milliseconds.
15:43:51.81 Info: ORA: 5264: ora-5264-5676-refresh04387: Cache agent refreshed
cache group USER1.TESTCACHE: Number - 43, Duration - 13550, NumRows - 108544,
NumRootTblRows - 108544, NumOracleBytes - 759808, queryExecDuration - 230,
queryFetchDuration - 1030, ttApplyDuration - 12290, totalNumRows - 1815448,
totalNumRootTblRows - 1815448, totalNumOracleBytes - 11911540, totalDuration 160020
Additional messages show that the autorefresh operation completes successfully:
15:43:51.81 Info: ORA: 5264: ora-5264-5676-refresh04449: Autorefresh number 43
finished for interval 10000ms successfully
15:43:51.81 Info: ORA: 5264: ora-5264-5676-fresher01619: Autorefresh number 43
succeeded for interval 10000 milliseconds
Inspect the timestamps to determine whether autorefresh is progressing as expected.
See "Managing TimesTen daemon options" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide for information about setting the support log location.
Diagnosing autorefresh failure
If ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet shows that the status of an autorefresh operation
is Failed, check the support log for messages related to the autorefresh operation with
number the number shown in the ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet output. Look for
errors that occurred after the autorefresh operation started.
Example 3–3 ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet output shows autorefresh failure
This row of output from ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet shows a failed
autorefresh operation.
< 1164260, 2007-08-01 14:56:36.000000, 959350, 9, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 7, 1,
50, Failed >
The autorefresh number is 9.
The support log shows the start message for autorefresh number 9:
14:56:36.10 Info: ORA: 5988: ora-5988-4724-refresh03926: Starting autorefresh
number 9 for interval 15000ms
The thread ID for autorefresh number 9 is 4724. Look for error messages with this
thread ID.
The following messages appear in the support log:
14:56:36.10 Info: ORA: 5988: ora-5988-4724-refresh03953: Autorefresh thread for
interval 15000ms is connected to instance inst1 on host host1. Server handle
231976252
14:56:36.12 Err : ORA: 5988: ora-5988-4724-refresh07567: TimesTen error
code:5901, msg The Oracle refresh log table, "USER2"."TT_03_81799_L", for base
table, USER2.READTAB2, cannot be found.
14:56:36.12 Info: ORA: 5988: ora-5988-4724-refresh05559: Autorefresh rolled
back.
14:56:36.12 Info: ORA: 5988: ora-5988-4724-refresh04458: Autorefresh number 9
3-14 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Optimize Performance for IMDB Cache
finished for interval 15000ms with error.
14:56:36.12 Err : ORA: 5988: ora-5988-4724-fresher01606: Autorefresh number 9
failed for cache groups with interval 15000 ms after 10 retries.
The error message for thread ID 4724 shows that the change log table, TT_03_81799_L,
is missing. The introduction to "Autorefresh not refreshing cache at the specified
interval" on page 3-16 has a table entry that describes what to do in this situation.
Diagnosing autorefresh performance problems
You can use the ttTraceMon utility to diagnose autorefresh performance problems.
See "AUTOREFRESH tracing" on page 1-16.
TimesTen tracing severely impacts application performance and consumes a great deal
of disk space if trace output is directed to a file. When you are finished, reset tracing to
the default values.
Using SNMP traps for alerts about autorefresh problems
Enable SNMP traps to alert you when autorefresh problems occur.The SNMP traps
related to autorefresh include:
■
ttCacheAutoRefQueFullTrap
■
ttCacheIncAutoRefFailedTrap
■
ttCacheValidationErrorTrap
■
ttCacheValidationWarnTrap
■
ttCacheValidationAbortedTrap
See "Diagnostics through SNMP Traps" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Error Messages and SNMP Traps.
Optimize Performance for IMDB Cache
The following recommendations may optimize performance for the IMDB Cache:
Note: Each of these suggestions involve performance trade-offs,
which may not always be beneficial for optimal use. Consider and test
each performance suggestion for your own configured environment.
■
■
Pin the IMDB Cache meta tables and cache group base tables in the SGA. by
executing the ALTER TABLE <table_name> CACHE statement to indicate to the
Oracle database that these tables should be stored in the keep portion of the SGA
buffer cache. Pinning IMDB Cache tables in the SGA increases the probability that
any given datablock needed for a IMDB Cache refresh operation will be available
in the SGA when the refresh is performed and will not force a disk read. This
minimizes physical disk reads executed during TimesTen cache refresh
operations. For more information about Oracle buffer cache management, see
"Configuring and Using Memory" in the Oracle Database Performance Tuning Guide.
Pin IMDB Cache triggers into the shared pool using the dbms_shared_
pool.keep procedure. Pinning triggers into the shared pool for applications
where updates to the cache group base tables are infrequent keeps the trigger from
having to be reloaded and reparsed. This is not necessary for highly volatile tables
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-15
Autorefresh not refreshing cache at the specified interval
where the trigger will be executed frequently and will remain in the shared pool
under any circumstances.
■
Enable parallel query. For very large base tables with 10 million rows or more,
consider using the Oracle database parallel query facility. The primary join query
between the log table and the base table is the kind of query which the Oracle
database parallel query is designed to handle. When parallel processing is
enabled, the parallel query optimizer generates a query plan that allows the
original query to be broken into sections to be worked concurrently by different
parallel query slave processes. When using parallel query, users should assign a
default degree of parallelism of (2*N) to the cache group base table, where "N" is
the number of CPUs on the machine. Then, experiment to understand what level
of parallelism works best for their environment. Experiment with different table
structures for base tables, as follows:
–
Use a standard heap table with default degree of parallelism assigned during
table creation or by use of the ALTER TABLE PARALLEL command. Build an
N-partition primary key index against the table.
–
Use an N-way partitioned table structure with partition range key based either
on the table primary key or, in the case of a concatenated primary key, the
high-order column of the primary key. The number of partitions should be set
to the degree of parallelism. Use a local primary key index with the same
number of partitions.
–
Use an N-way hashed partition structure using the primary key as the hash
key, a local partitioned primary key index, and both index and table partitions
equal to the degree of parallelism. The log table should not be partitioned, as
the cardinalities of the log table should never be large enough that a
partitioned log table would have any performance benefit. Further, given the
continuously increasing value of the log table primary key column, range
partitions cannot be used.
Autorefresh not refreshing cache at the specified interval
The following table shows possible causes for autorefresh problems.
Possible cause
What to do
Cache agent not started with a cache
administration user
Specify a cache administration user ID and
password when starting the cache agent, as
described in "Starting the cache agent" in the
Oracle In-Memory Database Cache User's Guide.
Object ID of the base table has changed.
See "Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects"
on page 3-17.
Autorefresh trigger not enabled
See "Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects"
on page 3-17.
Current log sequence number recorded in
the TT_version_USER_COUNT table is
less than to the maximum log sequence
number in the autorefresh log table.
See "Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects"
on page 3-17.
There is no row in the TT_version_
USER_COUNT table with usercount > 0
for every active incrementally autorefresh
table
See "Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects"
on page 3-17.
Change log table is empty.
See "Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects"
on page 3-17.
3-16 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Autorefresh not refreshing cache at the specified interval
Possible cause
What to do
User count is less than 0 or any TT_
version_USER_COUNT log sequence
anomalies
See "Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects"
on page 3-17.
Autorefresh log table, trigger, or sequence
associated with a cached table does not
exist or is not valid.
Check whether the cache agent was started with
the correct cache administration user ID. If the
cache administration user ID is correct, follow the
procedure described in "Recover and reset
autorefresh Oracle objects" on page 3-17.
Check the user error log for messages about "fatal
anomalies". This indicates corrupt or missing
Oracle objects.
TT_version_USER_COUNT table is
missing.
Check whether the cache agent was started with
the correct cache administration user ID. If the
cache administration user ID is correct, follow the
procedure in "Recover and reset autorefresh
Oracle objects" on page 3-17.
Check the user error log for messages about "fatal
anomalies". This indicates corrupt or missing
Oracle objects.
Restart the cache agent. If that does not work,
If the current log sequence number in the
TT_version_USER_COUNT table changes, follow the procedure in "Recover and reset
autorefresh Oracle objects" on page 3-17.
is different from the bookmark and the
associated cached table is not refreshed by
the next committed autorefresh.
Resource problem
Restart the cache agent.
Reset autorefresh state
Incremental autorefresh does not work if the TRUNCATE statement is used on an
Oracle base table. If TRUNCATE is used on an Oracle base table, then you must reset
autorefresh by using the ALTER CACHE GROUP statement to set the autorefresh state
to OFF followed by another ALTER CACHE GROUP to reset the autorefresh state to ON.
Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects
If you know or suspect the Oracle objects used by autorefresh are the cause of the
problem, use the following procedure to re-create the Oracle objects.
1.
Use ALTER CACHE GROUP to reset the autorefresh state to OFF on all cache
groups on all databases that have the affected cached table:
ALTER CACHE GROUP cache_group_name SET AUTOREFRESH STATE OFF;
2.
Shut down all cache agents on all affected databases.
3.
Check if the user count is zero for each table in the cache group.
On the Oracle database, execute the following statement:
SELECT usercount FROM autorefresh_id.tt_version_user_count
WHERE tablename ='owner.tablename';
If the count is not zero, set the count to zero:
UPDATE autorefresh_id.tt_version_user_count SET usercount = 0
WHERE tablename ='owner.tablename';
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-17
Incremental autorefresh not progressing
4.
Start one of the cache agents. The cache agent performs a clean up operation. It
displays the following message to the support log after it has completed the
cleanup:
Cleanup of the Oracle objects completed
5.
After the cache agent has completed the clean up, use ALTER CACHE GROUP to
reset the autorefresh state back to ON:
ALTER CACHE GROUP cache_group_name SET AUTOREFRESH STATE ON;
6.
Start all other cache agents.
7.
Use ALTER CACHE GROUP to reset the autorefresh state back to ON for all of the
affected cache groups on all databases.
Incremental autorefresh not progressing
If incremental autorefresh is not progressing, verify that:
■
Autorefresh state is ON
■
Cache agent is running
Inspect the support log for the conditions described in the following table:
Table summary is in the first heading cell.
Condition
What to do
Oracle server connection errors or
warnings
See "Troubleshooting Client/Server problems" on
page 2-6 for information about resolving connection
problems.
Lock timeout errors or warnings on
TimesTen
This usually occurs because of an open DDL
transaction on the cache group. Commit the DDL
transaction so that autorefresh can get the necessary
locks.
Insufficient permanent data partition
errors on TimesTen
Increase PermSize.
Autorefresh Oracle object validations
errors or warnings
See "Recover and reset autorefresh Oracle objects" on
page 3-17.
Cache agent exits unexpectedly.
Contact Technical support.
Core files in main daemon directory
Contact Technical support.
Warnings about incremental
autorefresh becoming full refresh
See "Incremental autorefresh becomes full
autorefresh" on page 3-19.
Warnings that autorefresh has not
finished for a long time
The autorefresh transaction can take a long time if
many transactions have occurred since the last
autorefresh.
Note: Cache groups with the same autorefresh
interval are autorefreshed in one transaction.
Validate autorefresh Oracle objects
The cache agent automatically verifies that Oracle objects exist and that they are valid
so that autorefresh can progress. In normal operation, you should not see object
validation errors or warnings in the user error log. If you see object validation errors,
contact Technical support.unless one of the following conditions has occurred:
3-18 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Incremental autorefresh becomes full autorefresh
■
■
■
The TimesTen database has been destroyed without using the DROP CACHE
GROUP statement.
A customer application inadvertently modifies the objects directly in the Oracle
database.
A DDL operation occurs on the base table on the Oracle database. This disables the
trigger that controls autorefresh operations.
The cache group needs to be re-created if one of the preceding conditions has
occurred.
Incremental autorefresh becomes full autorefresh
Incremental autorefresh can become full autorefresh if the cache administration user
tablespace becomes full.
This section includes the following topics:
■
Detecting when incremental autorefresh becomes full
■
Understanding the cache administration user tablespace
■
Diagnosing a full cache administration user tablespace
■
Monitoring the usage of the cache administration user's tablespace
■
Considerations when the cache administration user's tablespace is full
Detecting when incremental autorefresh becomes full
You can detect when incremental autorefresh becomes full refresh by several methods:
■
Check for messages in the support log that indicate full autorefresh operations are
occurring. For example:
2007-08-08 08:06:51.35 Warn: ORA: 22119: ora-22119-0015-refresh05652: A full
autorefresh will be performed for Incremental autorefresh table USER1.READTAB
because change log table T_03_55555_L on Oracle has been truncated.
■
Use the ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure.
–
If autorefresh is InProgress for longer than usual, full autorefresh may be
occurring.
–
If a much larger number of rows (autoRefNumRows) was autorefreshed than
usual, full autorefresh may have occurred.
Check the support log for messages about full autorefresh.
■
If SNMP traps are enabled, the ttCacheRecoveryAutorefreshTrap SNMP
trap indicates a full autorefresh.
Understanding the cache administration user tablespace
TimesTen strongly recommends creating a separate tablespace for the cache
administration user. This tablespace is used as the cache administration user's default
tablespace. The tablespace contains autorefresh triggers for each Oracle table, change
log tables for each Oracle table, and other objects that TimesTen needs for each cache
administration user. If you do not specify a separate tablespace, then these objects are
placed in the Oracle system tablespace.
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-19
Incremental autorefresh becomes full autorefresh
Specify the tablespace when you create the cache administration user on Oracle. You
can also specify the tablespace after user creation with the DEFAULT TABLESPACE
clause of the Oracle ALTER USER statement.
Change log tables for each of the cached Oracle tables reside in the cache
administration user tablespace. For each update on an Oracle table, one row (a change
log record) is inserted into the change log table for that Oracle table. The size of a
change log record in bytes is as follows:
size of change log record = size of primary key on Oracle table + 250
The number of records in a change log table depends on the update rate on the Oracle
table and on the autorefresh interval on TimesTen. Every 20 seconds, TimesTen
removes change log records that have been applied to all databases that cache the
associated Oracle table.
When change logs are removed, a message similar to the following is displayed in the
support log:
16:32:26.73 Info: ORA: 5652: ora-5652-4756-ogTblGC01036: Garbage collector
deleted 1 rows from TT_03_383270_L where logseq < 1
There are options on how to manage what happens when the cache administration
user tablespace is filled. See "Considerations when the cache administration user's
tablespace is full" on page 3-21 for more information.
Diagnosing a full cache administration user tablespace
Check for the following conditions if the cache administration user tablespace is full:
■
■
■
■
■
Is the autorefresh state set to PAUSED? Change log records accumulate when the
state is PAUSED.
Has the cache group been created but not loaded? The default autorefresh state for
cache group creation is PAUSED.
Is a cache group being created or is a database being duplicated? Both of these
operations temporarily stop clean-up operations on the change log table.
Are the cache agents on all TimesTen databases running? If a cache agent is not
running, change log records accumulate.
Has a database been abandoned without dropping autorefresh cache groups in the
database? Abandoned databases result from scenarios such as the following:
–
The database is destroyed by ttDestroy -force.
–
The application connected to the database with the Overwrite connection
attribute set to 1, but the cache groups that were in the old database are not
re-created.
If the database still exists, connect to the abandoned database and drop the cache
group.
Use the cacheInfo.sql script to find out how large the change log tables are for
each cached Oracle table. Use the output to verify that the databases are still in use.
See "Displaying information from the change log tables" on page 3-13.
If the databases are still in use, verify that the cache agents are running.
Compare the autorefresh progress on TimesTen to the maximum log sequence number
on the change log table. If TimesTen is behind, then call the
ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure to see whether the autorefresh
3-20 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Incremental autorefresh becomes full autorefresh
operations are successful. See "Using the ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure" on
page 3-11.
If the status is InProgress longer than seems reasonable, see "Poor autorefresh
performance" on page 3-22.
You may need to decrease the autorefresh interval or increase the size of the cache
administration user tablespace.
There are options on how to manage what happens when the cache administration
user tablespace is filled. See "Considerations when the cache administration user's
tablespace is full" on page 3-21 for more information.
Monitoring the usage of the cache administration user's tablespace
To monitor the cache administration user tablespace, you can use either Oracle
Enterprise Manager alerts or set the TimesTen tablespace threshold parameter.
The cache agent can be configured to periodically monitor the tablespace usage and
issue a warning when it exceeds a specified threshold. Set the tablespace threshold
percentage with the TblspaceThreshold parameter of the ttCacheConfig built-in
procedure. For example, if you set the TblspaceThreshold parameter to 80, then a
warning is issued when more than 80% of the tablespace is used.
■
■
■
If the threshold is set to zero, then no warning is issued. This is the default.
If the threshold is set between 1 and 99, a warning is issued when the tablespace
threshold exceeds that number.
If the threshold is set to 100, then a warning is issued when the tablespace is full.
For example, to configure for a warning to be issued if the tablespace exceeds 80%,
execute the following:
call ttCacheConfig('TblspaceThreshold',,,'80');
For full details of the ttCacheConfig built-in procedure, see the "ttCacheConfig"
section in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Reference.
Considerations when the cache administration user's tablespace is full
With Oracle tables that are cached in a TimesTen database, you can configure them to
use incremental automatic refresh. For these tables, you can specify which one of the
following is to occur when the cache administration user's tablespace is full:
■
The application performing the DML is to fail. This is the default.
The tablespace full recovery is set to none. The application receives an "Out of
Tablespace" error from Oracle when the tablespace is full. At that point, the
application will need to rollback the transaction.
Setting the tablespace full recovery to none is configured when you set the Param
parameter to TblSpaceFullRecovery and the Value parameter to None with
the ttCacheConfig built-in procedure. For example, the following configures
Param to TblSpaceFullRecovery and Value to None for the employees table
that is owned by terry:
call ttCacheConfig('TblSpaceFullRecovery','terry', 'employees','None');
■
Truncate the change log table to free up space and cause a full autorefresh.
When the cache administration user's tablespace is full, any application that is
executing DML statements on the autorefresh cached Oracle tables continues to
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-21
Poor autorefresh performance
execute. A trigger executes to free up space for new change log records by deleting
existing change log records. This can result in a full automatic refresh on cache
groups that have the incremental automatic refresh mode configured. However, if
the Oracle table is not configured for incremental automatic refresh, then no
trigger executes.
To set the operation to allow the application to continue and cause an autorefresh,
set the Param parameter to TblSpaceFullRecovery and the Value parameter
to Reload with the ttCacheConfig procedure. The user will see stale data until
the full autorefresh is complete.
However, even if the user sets the cache configuration parameter
TblSpaceFullRecovery with the value of Reload, the tablespace may not be
able to be emptied enough to handle the case of a growing index. Deleting rows
from the change log table may not free up enough space for the index that is on
the change log table. If the index is growing so fast that it uses all the tablespace to
the point where purging the change log tables does not help, then the user's
application may receive the following error:
ORA-01654: unable to extend index <index> by 128 in tablespace <tblspace>
For full details of the ttCacheConfig built-in procedure, see the "ttCacheConfig"
section in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Reference.
Poor autorefresh performance
Poor autorefresh performance is usually the result of large autorefresh operations. Use
the ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure to check the autorefresh duration
and observe whether the status remains InProgress for a long time.
Factors that can cause large autorefresh operations include:
■
Incremental autorefresh becomes full autorefresh
■
Unresponsive or dead TimesTen database degrades autorefresh performance
■
Excessive deadlocks, buffer busy and row lock waits during autorefresh cache
group refresh
■
Abnormally large log and base tables degrade autorefresh performance
■
Performance degrades when autorefresh interval is small
■
Large autorefresh interval
■
Large number of cache groups with the same interval
■
High rate of changes to the Oracle tables
■
The number of generations of child tables in a cache group
■
The number of rows in the cached Oracle tables
■
The size of the rows in the cached Oracle tables
Enable an AUTOREFRESH trace to diagnose autorefresh performance problems. See
"AUTOREFRESH tracing" on page 1-16.
3-22 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Poor autorefresh performance
Unresponsive or dead TimesTen database degrades autorefresh performance
Note: Automatic recovery for TimesTen cache groups only applies to
read-only and user managed cache groups that use the AUTOREFRESH
cache group attribute. In this section, all references to autorefresh
cache groups are read-only and user managed cache groups that use
the AUTOREFRESH cache group attribute.
If any TimesTen databases containing autorefresh cache groups are destroyed or no
longer in use, TimesTen continues to track autorefresh changes to the Oracle tables for
the TimesTen database for which the cache agent is not running. This causes automatic
refresh to cache groups in active TimesTen databases to slow down.
The cache agent is responsible for detecting if a database is unresponsive or no longer
in use. You can specify if and how a dead TimesTen database is to be recovered.
However, you cannot recover a TimesTen database if all of the Oracle objects have
been removed.
The following sections describe how you can avoid a degraded autorefresh
performance for inactive TimesTen databases:
■
Setting cached TimesTen database timeout
■
Configuring recovery method for certain cache groups
Setting cached TimesTen database timeout
You can instruct TimesTen to mark the database as dead and no longer accepting
updates if the cache agent has not communicated with the Oracle server within a
specific timeout period.
Set the timeout for the TimesTen database and the recovery method for each
autorefresh cache group with the AgentTimeOut parameter in the ttCacheConfig
built-in procedure. The timeout value applies to the all TimesTen databases that use
the same cache administration user. You should set the timeout value greater than the
time necessary to load the TimesTen database into memory on first connect and start
the cache agent. Otherwise, the TimesTen database could be incorrectly marked as
dead. For any planned maintenance for the TimesTen instance, you could temporarily
set the AgentTimeOut value to zero to disable the timeout. For full details of the
ttCacheConfig built-in procedure, see the "ttCacheConfig" section in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database Reference.
For example, the following sets the timeout value for the TimesTen database to 6000
seconds or 100 minutes. If the cache agent does not contact the Oracle server within a
100-minute period, then the TimesTen database is marked as dead.
ttIsql> call ttCacheConfig('AgentTimeOut',,,'6000');
Configuring recovery method for certain cache groups
You can recover a TimesTen database and autorefresh cache groups if they are not
synchronizing with the Oracle database. If there is no synchronization, then updates
on the Oracle tables are not automatically refreshed to the corresponding TimesTen
cache tables.
You can configure the DeadDbRecovery parameter of the ttCacheConfig built-in
procedure to specify how to recover the synchronization for the TimesTen database
and all autorefresh cache groups. The setting for DeadDbRecovery applies to all
TimesTen databases that use the same cache administrator user. Set the
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-23
Poor autorefresh performance
DeadDbRecovery parameter to Normal, Manual or None to describe how TimesTen
is to recover the database and all autorefresh cache groups. The DeadDbRecovery
setting applies to all TimesTen databases that use the same cache administration user.
While TimesTen is recovering the database and its autorefresh cache groups, there is
an autorefresh status for the TimesTen database and the autorefresh cache groups that
describes the recovery status for each of these entities. The TimesTen database can
have an automatic refresh status of Alive, Dead or Recovering. The autorefresh cache
groups can have an automatic refresh status of OK, Dead or Recovering. The
TimesTen database status changes are linked to changes in the status for the
autorefresh cache groups, as follows:
■
■
■
If the recovery method is set to Normal, then when TimesTen starts a full
automatic refresh on an autorefresh cache group, the cache group's status is set to
Recovering and the database's status is also set to Recovering.
The TimesTen database's status is only set to Alive when all of the autorefresh
cache groups have either been recovered to OK or have been dropped.
When the database status is set to Dead, then all of its autorefresh cache groups
are also set to Dead.
You can determine the autorefresh status of the TimesTen
database and autorefresh cache groups with the
ttCacheDbCgStatus built-in procedure, which is described in the
"ttCacheDbCgStatus" section in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database Reference.
Note:
When communication between the cache agent and the Oracle server is re-established,
TimesTen determines how to recover the autorefresh cache groups. TimesTen follows
the recovery method you configured in the DeadDbRecovery parameter in the
ttCacheConfig built-in procedure. This parameter can be set to one of the following:
■
Normal: This is the default. The autorefresh cache groups will each be recovered
with a full automatic refresh. After the first full refresh, the cache group is
recovered and will incrementally perform autorefresh.
The autorefresh cache groups within the same automatic refresh interval will be
transactionally consistent. Because it is a full refresh, it is not as performant as an
incremental refresh.
The autorefresh sets the status to Recovering. When the full autorefresh is
completed successfully, the autorefresh cache group status is set to OK.
■
■
Manual: You must manually refresh an autorefresh cache group to recover it, or
unload it if the cache group is dynamic.
None: The autorefresh cache group will never be recovered by a TimesTen
autorefresh. Drop and recreate the cache group to recover it.
The database status changes as the first autorefresh cache group status changes. If
there is at least one cache group that is in the process of recovery, then the database
status is set to Recovering. Once all cache groups have been recovered, the status of
the TimesTen database is marked as Alive.
The following example sets the DeadDbRecovery parameter to Normal for all
autorefresh cache groups. The dead TimesTen database will be recovered when all of
its autorefresh cache groups have each been recovered with a full automatic refresh.
ttIsql> call ttCacheConfig('DeadDbRecovery',,,'Normal');
3-24 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Poor autorefresh performance
When TimesTen databases participating in an active standby pair replication scheme
contains cache groups, if the autorefresh status of the active master database is Dead
and the autorefresh status of the standby master database is Alive, the standby master
does not automatically assume the role of the active master. The recovery requires that
you manually ensure that the cache and replication agents are executing. The specifics
for each situation is as follows:
Table 3–2
Recovery for cache groups involved in active standby replication pair
DeadDbRecovery
Setting
Active
Master
Standby
Master
Resulting
Behavior
Normal
Alive
Dead
Make sure that the cache and replication agents are executing
on the standby master. Once the cache agent can connect to the
Oracle Database, then the status of all autorefresh cache groups
is set to Recovering. This sets the database to Recovering. Once
a single cache group has received enough data to resume
autorefresh, the status is set to OK. After all cache group are set
to OK, the database is set to Alive.
Alternatively, you can fail the standby master and rollout a
new standby master.
Normal
Dead
Alive
Make sure that the cache and replication agents are executing
on the active master. Once the cache agent can connect to the
Oracle Database, then the status of all autorefresh cache groups
is set to Recovering. This sets the database to Recovering. Once
a single cache group has received enough data to resume
autorefresh, the status is set to OK. After all cache group are set
to OK, the database is set to Alive.
Alternatively, you can fail the active master, switch the standby
master as the new active and then rollout a new standby
master.
Normal
Dead
Dead
Make sure that the cache and replication agents are executing
on both masters. Once the cache agent can connect to the Oracle
Database, then the status of all autorefresh cache groups is set
to Recovering. This sets the database to Recovering. Once a
single cache group has received enough data to resume
autorefresh, the status is set to OK. After all cache group are set
to OK, the database is set to Alive.
Alternatively, you can rollout new masters.
Manual
Alive
Dead
Make sure that the cache and replication agents are executing
on the standby master. Once the cache agent can connect to the
Oracle Database, then the status of all autorefresh cache groups
is set to Recovering. This sets the database to Recovering. Once
a single cache group has received enough data to resume
autorefresh, the status is set to OK. After all cache group are set
to OK, the database is set to Alive.
Alternatively, you can fail the standby master and rollout a
new standby master.
Manual
Dead
Alive
Make sure that the cache and replication agents are executing
on the active master. Use a manual refresh to recover the
autorefresh cache groups on the active master. After all cache
group are set to OK or have been dropped, the database is set
to Alive.
Manual
Dead
Dead
Make sure that the cache and replication agents are executing
on the active master. Use a manual refresh to recover the
autorefresh cache groups on the active master. After all cache
group are set to OK or have been dropped, the database is set
to Alive. Changes are then replicated to the standby master.
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-25
Poor autorefresh performance
Table 3–2 (Cont.) Recovery for cache groups involved in active standby replication pair
DeadDbRecovery
Setting
Active
Master
Standby
Master
Resulting
Behavior
None
Alive
Dead
Mark the standby master as failed. Execute ttDestroy utility
for the standby master database. Duplicate the active master by
executing ttRepAdmin -duplicate utility from the active
master.
None
Dead
Alive
Destroy the dead active master with the ttDesctroy utility.
Recover the dead active master by duplicating the standby
master with the ttRepAdmin -duplicate utility.
None
Dead
Dead
Rollout new masters.
Excessive deadlocks, buffer busy and row lock waits during autorefresh cache group
refresh
During an autorefresh cache group refresh, there can be excessive buffer busy waits,
row lock waits, and deadlocks on updates in the Oracle database, which can
negatively affect the throughput performance. When there are multiple deadlocks on
updates in the Oracle database involving the autorefresh log tables, the following may
appear in the support log:
Oracle native error code = 60, msg = ORA-00060: deadlock detected while waiting
for resource
An error occurred while preparing or executing the following Oracle sql
statement: <some statement involving <cache admin user>.TT_##_#######_L where
the # is some number>
You can improve your performance by modifying the INITRANS and FREELISTS
settings, which can affect the concurrent inserts into the autorefresh log table as well as
internal maintenance of these tables. The application updating the base table that is
being autorefreshed encounters a throughput performance hit when these settings are
not appropriately configured.
You can automatically or manually manage these settings as follows:
■
■
Use ASSM tablespace, which automatically manages FREELISTS.
Manually adjust FREELISTS and INITRANS for the autorefresh log table on the
Oracle database.
The following details how to manually modify INITRANS and FREELISTS for the
autorefresh log table on the Oracle database:
1.
Retrieve the name of the autorefresh log table that is on the Oracle database.
Under the cache administration user login, execute the SQL*Plus script
cacheInfo.sql that lists the autorefresh change log table name, along with
other items. The following example executes the cacheInfo.sql script that lists
the autorefresh change log table name as tt_05_1216726_L, as shown in bold:
SQL> @cacheInfo.sql
*************Autorefresh Objects Information ***************
Host name: gordon-tt
Timesten datastore name: /scratch/ds/myDB
Cache table name: SCOTT.ALOBN
Change log table name: tt_05_1216726_L
Number of rows in change log table: 1
Maximum logseq on the change log table: 2
Timesten has autorefreshed updates upto logseq: 1
Number of updates waiting to be autorefreshed: 1
3-26 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Poor autorefresh performance
Number of updates that has not been marked with a valid logseq: 0
****************************
Host name: conobar-tt
Timesten datastore name: /scratch/ds/myDB
Cache table name: SCOTT.A
Change log table name: tt_05_1279699_L
Number of rows in change log table: 7
Maximum logseq on the change log table: 0
Timesten has autorefreshed updates upto logseq: 0
Number of updates waiting to be autorefreshed: 5
Number of updates that has not been marked with a valid logseq: 5
****************************
2.
Manually alter the table on the Oracle database. The following example uses the
table from the previous example. This example alters the INITRANS and
FREELISTS settings for the bar.tt_05_1279699_L table.
Note: See "INITRANS integer" and "FREELISTS" in the Oracle
Database SQL Language Reference for details on what are the correct
values for configuring these settings.
ALTER TABLE BAR.TT_05_1279699_L INITRANS 10;
ALTER TABLE BAR.TT_05_1279699_L STORAGE(FREELISTS 5);
or
ALTER TABLE BAR.TT_05_1279699_L MOVE STORAGE(FREELISTS 5);
3.
Alter the INITRANS and FREELISTS settings for the index for this table, which
have the same name as the autorefresh change log table with an additional "L" at
the end of it. For example, the index for table bar.tt_05_1279699_L is
bar.tt_05_1279699_LL
These settings should be the same as what you set for the autorefresh change log
table.
ALTER INDEX BAR.TT_05_1279699_LL INITRANS 10;
ALTER INDEX BAR.TT_05_1279699_LL STORAGE(FREELISTS 5);
Abnormally large log and base tables degrade autorefresh performance
The cache thread SQL refresh joins the log table and the base table, which identifies
rows needed to be refreshed into TimesTen. The larger the cardinalities of the base
table and the log table, the longer the time necessary to perform this join. Performance
degradation may occur if either the log table or the base table is abnormally large.
The following describe scenarios where the log table can become abnormally large:
■
■
If the log table is never purged in configurations where cache groups from
multiple DSNs all reference the same base table, it increases in size indefinitely. If
one or more of the cache agents for these groups are turned off, those DSNs will
not properly refresh their cache groups and the log tables will not be purged. If the
autorefresh state is turned to paused on one of multiple nodes, the other nodes
may slow down.
The log table can grow abnormally large if some of the cache agents have been
shutdown. Resolve this issue by restarting the cache, which will purge all of the
backlogged log rows to be purged and all of the cache groups to be synchronized
after the completion of the refresh cycle for all cache groups.
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-27
Declaring NOVALIDATE on constraints causes cache group creation failure
■
The log table can be abnormally large if rows inserted into the log table are never
purged and can never be purged by normal processing. This occurs when one or
more DSNs are destroyed or rebuilt without first removing the cache groups. The
cache group tables on the Oracle database have no information that the cache
groups have been destroyed, which corrupts the entire cache group. Rebuild and
reinitialize all of the cache groups associated with this base table. Alternatively,
never destroy a DSN with cache groups. Instead, always drop the cache groups
before destroying a DSN.
Performance degrades when autorefresh interval is small
When a relatively short refresh interval, such as a few hundred milliseconds, is
combined with a large number of entries in the log table or in the base table, a cache
refresh operation does not complete before the next refresh operation is scheduled to
begin. In this case, the entries in the log table can be un-marked when the current
autorefresh cycle finishes.
Thus, the same rows can be refreshed from the base table to the cache group in the
next autorefresh cycle, by which time the rows will be marked. Make sure that the
time it for the refresh is greater than the refresh interval. Set the refresh interval to a
value where redundant refreshes will not occur.
Declaring NOVALIDATE on constraints causes cache group creation
failure
If the Oracle table on which you want to create the cache group declares NOVALIDATE
on columns with primary key, UNIQUE or NOT NULL constraints, the creation of the
cache group fails.
Note: This does not apply to any foreign key constraints. However,
TimesTen recommends that any matching foreign key is in the
enabled VALIDATE state. Your workload performance may be affected
when you alter a foreign key column to the enabled VALIDATE state.
TimesTen perceives a NOVALIDATE on a primary key or NOT NULL table column
definition as a NULL and, therefore, not qualified as a column on which to build the
cache group. Thus, all columns with the primary key, UNIQUE and NOT NULL column
constraints must be enabled with the VALIDATE state when creating a cache group
from the Oracle table.
When you create a cache group from an Oracle table with one or more of these
constraints, the following errors are thrown:
5124: Autorefresh/propagate are not allowed on restricted cache group
5168: Restricted cache groups are deprecated
5120: No matching unique index with not null columns, unique key constraint
with not null columns, or primary key constraint on table EVENTLOG, cache
operations are restricted.
If you receive these errors, you can perform a SELECT statement to verify any existing
NOVALIDATE constraints on the Oracle table. The following SELECT statement shows
all constraints on the MyTable table:
SQL> select constraint_name, constraint_type, validated, status from
all_constraints where table_name = 'MyTable';
3-28 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
AWR report showing lock contention with DBMS_LOCK
CONSTRAINT_NAME
-----------------------------REFID_CONSTRAINT
PKEY_CONSTRAINT
C
C
P
VALIDATED
------------VALIDATED
NOT VALIDATED
STATUS
-------ENABLED
DISABLED
If the table column that is to be the primary key for the cache table is enabled as
NOVALIDATE, perform the following steps to enable the column with the
VALIDATE state:
1.
Enable the NOVALIDATE state for the primary key column.
SQL> alter table MyTable modify constraint PKEY_CONSTRAINT
enable novalidate;
Table altered.
SQL> select constraint_name, constraint_type, validated, status
from all_constraints where table_name = 'MyTable';
CONSTRAINT_NAME
-----------------------------REFID_CONSTRAINT
PKEY_CONSTRAINT
2.
C
C
P
VALIDATED
------------VALIDATED
NOT VALIDATED
STATUS
-------ENABLED
ENABLED
Enable the VALIDATE state for the primary key column.
SQL> alter table MyTable modify constraint PKEY_CONSTRAINT validate;
Table altered.
SQL> select constraint_name, constraint_type, validated, status
from all_constraints where table_name = 'MyTable';
CONSTRAINT_NAME
-----------------------------REFID_CONSTRAINT
PKEY_CONSTRAINT
C
C
P
VALIDATED
------------VALIDATED
VALIDATED
STATUS
-------ENABLED
ENABLED
AWR report showing lock contention with DBMS_LOCK
There may be some concern about lock contention when seeing DBMS_LOCK in the
Automated Workload Repository (AWR) Report. However, this DBMS_LOCK wait
event does not affect the application performance in an IMDB cache grid, even though
the database time consumption in the AWR report seems high. This wait event is the
garbage collector session trying to place a hold on a resource that another garbage
collector session from another database has already locked. Thus, only the current
garbage collector session waits. The wait for the garbage collector process does not
block other processes, except other garbage collectors.
For example, the following shows a contention event in the AWR report:
AWR
Top 5 Timed Events
Avg %Total
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
wait
Call
Event
Waits
Time (s)
(ms)
Time Wait Class
------------------------------ ------------ ----------- ------ ------ ---------enq: UL - contention
2,388
6,997
2930
72.0 Application
In addition, only a small amount of CPU time is used for the garbage collector, as
shown in the "SQL ordered by CPU Time" section in the PERF AWR report.
SQL ordered by CPU Time
DB/Inst: REM0LNX/REM
Snaps: 14976-14977
Troubleshooting Oracle In-Memory Database Cache 3-29
AWR report showing lock contention with DBMS_LOCK
-> Resources reported for PL/SQL code includes the resources used by all SQL
statements called by the code.
-> % Total DB Time is the Elapsed Time of the SQL statement divided
into the Total Database Time multiplied by 100
CPU
Elapsed
CPU per % Total
Time (s)
Time (s) Executions
Exec (s) DB Time
SQL Id
---------- ---------- ------------ ----------- ------- ------------0
3,508
120
0.00
36.1 0mt5pk2501gph
Module: timestenorad@etcpro01.uk.oracle.com (TNS V1-V3)
DECLARE v_lockHandle VARCHAR2(200); BEGIN dbms_lock.allocate_unique(
'ORATT$ORA_GC1_CACHEADMIN', v_lockHandle); :retval := dbms_lock.request(
v_lockHandle, dbms_lock.x_mode, 30, FALSE); END;
0
3,499
120
0.00
36.0 bb07h2a1v817x
Module: timestenorad@etcpro01.uk.oracle.com (TNS V1-V3)
DECLARE v_lockHandle VARCHAR2(200); BEGIN dbms_lock.allocate_unique(
'ORATT$ORA_DDSMONITOR1_CACHEADMIN', v_lockHandle); :retval :=
dbms_lock.request(v_lockHandle, dbms_lock.x_mode, 30, FALSE); END;
3-30 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
4
Troubleshooting Installation,
Upgrades and Downgrades
4
This chapter includes the following topics:
■
Installing 32-bit TimesTen on 64-bit Windows
■
Downgrading a database with Oracle data types to TimesTen 6.0
Installing 32-bit TimesTen on 64-bit Windows
The default ODBC Data Source Administrator on 64-bit Windows does not show
TimesTen 32-bit drivers and DSNs. If Windows is installed in the default location
(C:\WINDOWS), use C:\WINDOWS\SysWOW64\odbcad32.exe for the ODBC Data
Source Administrator when you are installing 32-bit TimesTen on a 64-bit Windows
machine.
Downgrading a database with Oracle data types to TimesTen 6.0
In rare situations, after upgrading a database from TimesTen 6.0, you may find that
you need to downgrade a TimesTen 7.0 or later database back to TimesTen 6.0 after
the data types are already converted to Oracle types. However, the ttMigrate utility
for TimesTen 6.0 does not understand Oracle data types, and this can lead to problems
when downgrading databases from TimesTen 7.0 or later. To avoid any pitfalls in the
downgrade process, you should convert the Oracle data types back to TimesTen types
using TimesTen 7.0 or later first, and only then downgrade the database to TimesTen
6.0, using the following steps:
1.
Create a migration file using TimesTen 7.0 or later ttMigrate.
ttMigrate -c datastore datastore.migrate
2.
Destroy the database using TimesTen 7.0 or later ttDestroy.
ttDestroy datastore
3.
Convert the data types to TimesTen types using TimesTen 7.0 or later ttMigrate.
ttMigrate -r -noRepUpgrade -convertTypesToTT datastore
4.
datastore.migrate
Create a new migration file using TimesTen 7.0 or later ttMigrate.
ttMigrate -c datastore datastore.migrate
5.
Destroy the database using TimesTen 7.0 or later ttDestroy.
ttDestroy datastore
Troubleshooting Installation, Upgrades and Downgrades 4-1
Downgrading a database with Oracle data types to TimesTen 6.0
6.
In another terminal, with the environment set correctly for TimesTen 6.0, restore
the database as a TimesTen 6.0 database using TimesTen 6.0 ttMigrate.
ttMigrate -r datastore datastore.migrate
Before restoring the database with TimesTen 6.0 ttMigrate,
you must modify the DSN attributes appropriately for using with
TimesTen 6.0.
Note:
4-2 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
5
Troubleshooting AWT Cache Groups
5
Creating an asynchronous writethrough (AWT) cache group automatically creates a
replication scheme that allows the database to communicate with the Oracle database.
You must start the replication agent after you create an AWT cache group and start the
cache agent. See "Creating an AWT cache group" in the Oracle In-Memory Database
Cache User's Guide.
Material in Chapter 6, "Troubleshooting Replication" is useful for troubleshooting
AWT cache group problems. Useful replication topics are summarized in the current
chapter in these sections:
■
Unable to start or stop replication agent
■
Replication does not work
■
Using SNMP traps for notification of replication events
This chapter also contains the following sections:
■
Monitoring AWT performance
■
Possible causes of poor AWT performance
■
Permanent Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
■
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
Unable to start or stop replication agent
This section describes what to check if you are unable to start or stop a replication
agent.
Possible cause
What to do
You do not have ADMIN privileges.
You must have ADMIN privileges to use the ttAdmin
utility or the ttRepStart or ttRepStop procedures to
start or stop a replication agent.
TimesTen daemon not started
Check the state of the TimesTen daemon, as described in
"Check the TimesTen user error log" on page 2-2. If
necessary, start the TimesTen daemon as described in
"Working with the Oracle TimesTen Data Manager
Daemon" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide.
Troubleshooting AWT Cache Groups
5-1
Replication does not work
Replication does not work
If you are unable to get replication working, the problem may be one or more of the
following:
Possible Cause
See...
TimesTen daemon or replication agents not
running
"Check status of TimesTen daemon and
replication agents" on page 6-3
Replication agents not communicating
"Check that replication agents are
communicating" on page 6-5
Replication not in Start state
"Check replication state" on page 6-5
Using SNMP traps for notification of replication events
TimesTen can send SNMP traps for certain replication events to enable network
management software to take immediate action. TimesTen can send the following
SNMP traps:
■
ttRepAgentExitingTrap
■
ttRepAgentDiedTrap
■
ttRepAgentStartingTrap
These traps are described in "Diagnostics through SNMP Traps" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Error Messages and SNMP Traps.
Monitoring AWT performance
You can monitor the performance of asynchronous writethrough (AWT) cache groups
to determine how much time is spent performing tasks in the AWT workflow. Use the
ttCacheAwtMonitorConfig built-in procedure to enable monitoring.
For example, enable monitoring and set the sampling frequency to 16. A sampling
factor of 16 is recommended for accuracy and performance.
Command> CALL ttCacheAwtMonitorConfig('ON',16);
< ON, 16 >
1 row found.
Use the ttRepAdmin utility with the -awtmoninfo and -showstatus commands to
display the monitoring results. The AWT monitoring statistics include:
■
■
■
■
■
TimesTen processing time: The total number of milliseconds spent in processing
AWT transaction data since monitoring was enabled.
Oracle bookmark management time: The total number of milliseconds spent in
managing AWT metadata on Oracle since monitoring was enabled.
Oracle execute time: The total number of milliseconds spent in OCI preparation,
binding and execution for AWT SQL operations since monitoring was enabled.
This statistic includes network latency between TimesTen and Oracle.
Oracle commit time: The total number of milliseconds spent in committing AWT
updates on Oracle since monitoring was enabled. This statistic includes network
latency between TimesTen and Oracle.
Time since monitoring was started
5-2 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Permanent Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
■
■
■
Total number of TimesTen row operations: The total number of rows updated in
AWT cache groups since monitoring was enabled.
Total number of TimesTen transactions: The total number of transactions in AWT
cache groups since monitoring was enabled.
Total number of flushes to Oracle: The total number of times that TimesTen data
has been sent to Oracle.
The output also includes the percentage of time spent on TimesTen processing, Oracle
bookmark management, Oracle execution and Oracle commits.
For example:
ttRepAdmin -showstatus -awtmoninfo myDSN
[other -showstatus output]
...
AWT Monitoring statistics
------------------------TimesTen processing time : 0.689000 millisecs (0.164307 %)
Oracle bookmark management time : 3.229000 millisecs (0.770027%)
Oracle execute time : 342.908000 millisecs (81.774043 %)
Oracle commit time : 72.450000 millisecs (17.277315 %)
Time since monitoring was started: 8528.641000 millisecs
Cache-connect Operational Stats :
Total Number of TimesTen row operations : 2
Total Number of TimesTen transactions : 2
Total Number of flushes to Oracle : 2
Possible causes of poor AWT performance
This section addresses issues that may degrade AWT performance.
Possible cause
See...
Slow network
"Check network bandwidth" on page 6-11
Log buffer too small
"Check size of log buffer" on page 6-12
Frequent or inefficient disk writes
"Check durability settings" on page 6-12
Reading from transaction log files on disk
instead of the log buffer
"Check for reads from transaction log files" on
page 6-12
Permanent Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
Insert, update, or delete errors that occur while applying changes to Oracle are saved
in an error file located in the database directory with the following name:
DatastoreName.awterr
Errors reported to this file are permanent errors. TimesTen does not retry the
transaction. The errors may be reported in the AWT error file long after the commit to
TimesTen occurs.
The format of the messages in the AWT error file is similar to those generated for
conflict and transaction errors in replication, as shown in Example 5–1. Oracle error
messages are also reported in the support log and the user log.
Troubleshooting AWT Cache Groups
5-3
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
Example 5–1 Cache violation occurs when update is propagated to Oracle
If a constraint violation occurs when a cache group update is propagated to Oracle, the
message in the AWT error file is similar to the following:
Error occurred 14:48:55 on 03-22-2007
Datastore: c:\temp\cgDSN
Oracle Id: system1
Transmitting name: cgDSN
Error message:
TT5210: Oracle unique constraint violation error in OCIStmtExecute():
ORA-00001: unique constraint (GUSER.SYS_C00357240) violated rc = -1 -- file
"bdbTblH.c", lineno 1205, procedure "ttBDbStmtForce()"
TT5025: Commit failure in Oracle. Transaction must be rolled back in TimesTen.
-- file "bdbConnect.c", lineno 885, procedure "ttBDbXact()"
Operation that caused the error:
Insert into table TESTUSER.T1 <9,1000>
Failed transaction:
Insert into table TESTUSER.T1 <9, 1000>
End of failed transaction
Example 5–2 An object that TimesTen has placed on Oracle is dropped
If an object that TimesTen has placed on Oracle is dropped, the message in the AWT
error file is similar to the following:
May 04 18:12:36 HOST1 TimesTen Replication 7.0[2136]:
[Err ] DEFAULT:meta.c(639):
TT16062: Failed to compile command:
select p.commit_timestamp, p.commit_seqnum, p.protocol from owner1.TT_03_REPPEERS
p where p.replication_name = :rname and p.replication_owner = :rowner and
p.tt_store_id = :oid and p.subscriber_id = :sid
May 04 18:12:36 HOST1 TimesTen Replication 7.0[2136]:
[Err ] DEFAULT:meta.c(639):
TT5221: TT5221: Oracle syntax error in OCIStmtExecute():
ORA-00942: table or view does not exist rc = -1 -- file "bdbStmt.c", lineno 1041,
procedure "getOraOutTypesNLengths()"
In this example, the TT_03_REPPEERS table does not exist. To recover from this error,
perform the following tasks:
1.
Stop the replication agent.
2.
Drop and re-create the cache group.
3.
Restart the replication agent.
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
The support log for databases with AWT cache groups may contain Oracle errors if the
replication agent encounters a problem on the Oracle database. If the replication agent
encounters one of these errors, AWT rolls back the transaction and retries it. If the
support log becomes full, the oldest messages are deleted and replaced by new
messages.
The Oracle errors in the support log are considered transient because AWT retries the
transaction.
5-4 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
Some transient errors indicate an underlying problem on the Oracle database must be
solved before AWT operations can continue. For example:
ORA-01536: space quota exceeded for tablespace
ORA-01034: ORACLE not available
After the underlying problem has been fixed, AWT retries the operation.
For more information about the Oracle errors, see Oracle Database Error Messages for
the Oracle release you are using.
The following Oracle errors are transient:
ORA-00018:
ORA-00019:
ORA-00020:
ORA-00025:
ORA-00028:
ORA-00038:
ORA-00051:
ORA-00052:
ORA-00053:
ORA-00054:
ORA-00055:
ORA-00057:
ORA-00058:
ORA-00059:
ORA-00060:
ORA-00063:
ORA-00064:
ORA-00099:
ORA-00104:
ORA-00107:
ORA-00115:
ORA-00125:
ORA-00126:
ORA-00284:
ORA-00370:
ORA-00371:
ORA-00376:
ORA-00379:
ORA-00384:
ORA-00568:
ORA-00579:
ORA-00600:
[%s], [%s]
ORA-00603:
ORA-01000:
ORA-01012:
ORA-01014:
ORA-01019:
ORA-01031:
ORA-01033:
ORA-01034:
ORA-01035:
ORA-01037:
ORA-01046:
ORA-01073:
ORA-01089:
ORA-01090:
ORA-01092:
ORA-01094:
maximum number of sessions exceeded
maximum number of session licenses exceeded
maximum number of processes (%s) exceeded
failed to allocate %s
your session has been killed
Cannot create session: server group belongs to another user
timeout occurred while waiting for a resource
maximum number of enqueue resources (%s) exceeded
maximum number of enqueues exceeded
resource busy and acquire with NOWAIT specified
maximum number of DML locks exceeded
maximum number of temporary table locks exceeded
DB_BLOCK_SIZE must be %s to mount this database (not %s)
maximum number of DB_FILES exceeded
deadlock detected while waiting for resource
maximum number of LOG_FILES exceeded
object is too large to allocate on this O/S (%s,%s)
timed out while waiting for resource, potential PDML deadlock
deadlock detected; all public servers blocked waiting for resources
failed to connect to ORACLE listener process
connection refused; dispatcher connection table is full
connection refused; invalid presentation
connection refused; invalid duplicity
recovery session still in progress
potential deadlock during kcbchange operation
not enough shared pool memory
file %s cannot be read at this time
no free buffers available in buffer pool %s for block size %sK
Insufficient memory to grow cache
Maximum number of interrupt handlers exceeded
osndnt: server received malformed connection request
internal error code, arguments: [%s], [%s], [%s], [%s], [%s], [%s],
ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
maximum open cursors exceeded
not logged on
ORACLE shutdown in progress
unable to allocate memory in the user side
insufficient privileges
ORACLE initialization or shutdown in progress
ORACLE not available
ORACLE only available to users with RESTRICTED SESSION privilege
maximum cursor memory exceeded
cannot acquire space to extend context area
fatal connection error: unrecognized call type
immediate shutdown in progress - no operations are permitted
shutdown in progress - connection is not permitted
ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ALTER DATABASE CLOSE in progress. Connections not permitted
Troubleshooting AWT Cache Groups
5-5
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
ORA-01109: database not open
ORA-01147: SYSTEM tablespace file %s is offline
ORA-01154: database busy. Open, close, mount, and dismount not allowed now
ORA-01155: the database is being opened, closed, mounted or dismounted
ORA-01219: database not open: queries allowed on fixed tables/views only
ORA-01237: cannot extend datafile %s
ORA-01456: may not perform insert/delete/update operation inside a READ ONLY
transaction
ORA-01536: space quota exceeded for tablespace '%s'
ORA-01539: tablespace '%s' is not online
ORA-01542: tablespace '%s' is offline, cannot allocate space in it
ORA-01562: failed to extend rollback segment number %s
ORA-01573: shutting down instance, no further change allowed
ORA-01628: max # extents (%s) reached for rollback segment %s
ORA-01629: max # extents (%s) reached saving undo for tablespace %s
ORA-01630: max # extents (%s) reached in temp segment in tablespace %s
ORA-01631: max # extents (%s) reached in table %s.%s
ORA-01632: max # extents (%s) reached in index %s.%s
ORA-01650: unable to extend rollback segment %s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01651: unable to extend save undo segment by %s for tablespace %s
ORA-01652: unable to extend temp segment by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01653: unable to extend table %s.%s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01654: unable to extend index %s.%s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01655: unable to extend cluster %s.%s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01656: max # extents (%s) reached in cluster %s.%s
ORA-01658: unable to create INITIAL extent for segment in tablespace %s
ORA-01659: unable to allocate MINEXTENTS beyond %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01680: unable to extend LOB segment by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01681: max # extents (%s) reached in LOB segment in tablespace %s
ORA-01683: unable to extend index %s.%s partition %s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01684: max # extents (%s) reached in table %s.%s partition %s
ORA-01685: max # extents (%s) reached in index %s.%s partition %s
ORA-01686: max # files (%s) reached for the tablespace %s
ORA-01688: unable to extend table %s.%s partition %s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01691: unable to extend lob segment %s.%s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01692: unable to extend lob segment %s.%s partition %s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-01693: max # extents (%s) reached in lob segment %s.%s
ORA-01694: max # extents (%s) reached in lob segment %s.%s partition %s
ORA-03113: end-of-file on communication channel
ORA-03114: not connected to ORACLE
ORA-03134: Connections to this server version are no longer supported.
ORA-03135: connection lost contact
ORA-03136: inbound connection timed out
ORA-03232: unable to allocate an extent of %s blocks from tablespace %s
ORA-03233: unable to extend table %s.%s subpartition %s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-03234: unable to extend index %s.%s subpartition %s by %s in tablespace %s
ORA-03235: max # extents (%s) reached in table %s.%s subpartition %s
ORA-03236: max # extents (%s) reached in index %s.%s subpartition %s
ORA-03237: Initial Extent of specified size cannot be allocated
ORA-03238: unable to extend LOB segment %s.%s subpartition %s by %s in tablespace
%s
ORA-03239: maxextents (%s) reached in LOB segment %s.%s subpartition %s
ORA-04020: deadlock detected while trying to lock object %s%s%s%s%s
ORA-06019: NETASY: invalid login (connect) string
ORA-06021: NETASY: connect failed
ORA-06030: NETDNT: connect failed, unrecognized node name
ORA-06031: NETDNT: connect failed, unrecognized object name
ORA-06032: NETDNT: connect failed, access control data rejected
ORA-06033: NETDNT: connect failed, partner rejected connection
ORA-06034: NETDNT: connect failed, partner exited unexpectedly
5-6 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
ORA-06035:
ORA-06036:
ORA-06037:
ORA-06039:
ORA-06040:
ORA-06108:
ORA-06113:
ORA-06114:
ORA-06143:
ORA-06315:
ORA-06316:
ORA-06317:
ORA-06318:
ORA-06319:
ORA-06320:
ORA-06404:
ORA-06413:
ORA-10435:
ORA-10626:
ORA-10906:
ORA-12150:
ORA-12151:
ORA-12152:
ORA-12153:
ORA-12154:
ORA-12155:
ORA-12156:
ORA-12157:
ORA-12158:
ORA-12159:
ORA-12160:
ORA-12161:
ORA-12162:
ORA-12163:
ORA-12166:
ORA-12168:
ORA-12169:
ORA-12170:
ORA-12171:
ORA-12196:
ORA-12197:
ORA-12198:
ORA-12200:
ORA-12201:
ORA-12202:
ORA-12203:
ORA-12204:
ORA-12205:
ORA-12206:
ORA-12207:
ORA-12208:
ORA-12209:
ORA-12210:
ORA-12211:
ORA-12212:
ORA-12213:
ORA-12214:
ORA-12215:
ORA-12216:
ORA-12217:
NETDNT: connect failed, insufficient resources
NETDNT: connect failed, no response from object
NETDNT: connect failed, node unreachable
NETDNT: connect failed
NETDNT: invalid login (connect) string
NETTCP: connect to host failed
NETTCP: Too many connections
NETTCP: SID lookup failure
NETTCP: maximum connections exceeded
IPA: Invalid connect string
IPA: Invalid database SID
IPA: Local maximum number of users exceeded
IPA: Local maximum number of connections exceeded
IPA: Remote maximum number of users exceeded
IPA: Remote maximum number of connections exceeded
NETCMN: invalid login (connect) string
Connection not open.
enable tracing of global enqueue service deadlock detetction
specify timeout for online index rebuild to wait for DML
Unable to extend segment after insert direct load
TNS:unable to send data
TNS:received bad packet type from network layer
TNS:unable to send break message
TNS:not connected
TNS:could not resolve service name
TNS:received bad datatype in NSWMARKER packet
TNS:tried to reset line from incorrect state
TNS:internal network communication error
TNS:could not initialize parameter subsystem
TNS:trace file not writeable
TNS:internal error: Bad error number
TNS:internal error: partial data received
TNS:service name is incorrectly specified
TNS:connect descriptor is too long
TNS:Client can not connect to HO agent.
TNS:Unable to contact Directory Server.
TNS:Net service name given as connect identifier is too long
TNS:Connect timeout occurred
TNS:could not resolve connect identifier: %s
TNS:received an error from TNS
TNS:keyword-value resolution error
TNS:could not find path to destination
TNS:could not allocate memory
TNS:encountered too small a connection buffer
TNS:internal navigation error
TNS:unable to connect to destination
TNS:received data refused from an application
TNS:could not get failed addresses
TNS:received a TNS error during navigation
TNS:unable to perform navigation
TNS:could not find the TNSNAV.ORA file
TNS:encountered uninitialized global
TNS:error in finding Navigator data
TNS:needs PREFERRED_CMANAGERS entry in TNSNAV.ORA
TNS:incomplete PREFERRED_CMANAGERS binding in TNSNAV.ORA
TNS:incomplete PREFERRED_CMANAGERS binding in TNSNAV.ORA
TNS:missing local communities entry in TNSNAV.ORA
TNS:poorly formed PREFERRED_NAVIGATORS Addresses in TNSNAV.ORA
TNS:poorly formed PREFERRED_CMANAGERS addresses in TNSNAV.ORA
TNS:could not contact PREFERRED_CMANAGERS in TNSNAV.ORA
Troubleshooting AWT Cache Groups
5-7
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
ORA-12218: TNS:unacceptable network configuration data
ORA-12219: TNS:missing community name from address in ADDRESS_LIST
ORA-12221: TNS:illegal ADDRESS parameters
ORA-12222: TNS:no such protocol adapter
ORA-12223: TNS:internal limit restriction exceeded
ORA-12224: TNS:no listener
ORA-12225: TNS:destination host unreachable
ORA-12226: TNS:operating system resource quota exceeded
ORA-12227: TNS:syntax error
ORA-12228: TNS:protocol adapter not loadable
ORA-12229: TNS:Interchange has no more free connections
ORA-12230: TNS:Severe Network error ocurred in making this connection
ORA-12231: TNS:No connection possible to destination
ORA-12232: TNS:No path available to destination
ORA-12233: TNS:Failure to accept a connection
ORA-12235: TNS:Failure to redirect to destination
ORA-12236: TNS:protocol adapter not loaded
ORA-12316: syntax error in database link's connect string
ORA-12326: database %s is closing immediately; no operations are permitted
ORA-12329: database %s is closed; no operations are permitted
ORA-12500: TNS:listener failed to start a dedicated server process
ORA-12501: TNS:listener failed to spawn process
ORA-12502: TNS:listener received no CONNECT_DATA from client
ORA-12504: TNS:listener was not given the SID in CONNECT_DATA
ORA-12505: TNS:listener could not resolve SID given in connect descriptor
ORA-12506: TNS:listener was not given the ALIAS in CONNECT_DATA
ORA-12507: TNS:listener could not resolve ALIAS given
ORA-12508: TNS:listener could not resolve the COMMAND given
ORA-12509: TNS:listener failed to redirect client to service handler
ORA-12510: TNS:database temporarily lacks resources to handle the request
ORA-12511: TNS:service handler found but it is not accepting connections
ORA-12512: TNS:service handler found but it has not registered a redirect address
ORA-12513: TNS:service handler found but it has registered for a different
protocol
ORA-12514: TNS:listener could not resolve SERVICE_NAME given in connect descriptor
ORA-12515: TNS:listener could not find a handler for this presentation
ORA-12516: TNS:listener could not find available handler with matching protocol
stack
ORA-12517: TNS:listener could not find service handler supporting direct handoff
ORA-12518: TNS:listener could not hand off client connection
ORA-12519: TNS:no appropriate service handler found
ORA-12520: TNS:listener could not find available handler for requested type of
server
ORA-12521: TNS:listener could not resolve INSTANCE_NAME given in connect
descriptor
ORA-12522: TNS:listener could not find available instance with given INSTANCE_ROLE
ORA-12523: TNS:listener could not find instance appropriate for the client
connection
ORA-12524: TNS:listener could not resolve HANDLER_NAME given in connect descriptor
ORA-12525: TNS:listener has not received client's request in time allowed
ORA-12526: TNS:listener: all appropriate instances are in restricted mode
ORA-12527: TNS:listener: all instances are in restricted mode or blocking new
connections
ORA-12528: TNS:listener: all appropriate instances are blocking new connections
ORA-12529: TNS:connect request rejected based on current filtering rules
ORA-12531: TNS:cannot allocate memory
ORA-12532: TNS:invalid argument
ORA-12533: TNS:illegal ADDRESS parameters
ORA-12534: TNS:operation not supported
ORA-12535: TNS:operation timed out
5-8 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
ORA-12536:
ORA-12537:
ORA-12538:
ORA-12539:
ORA-12540:
ORA-12541:
ORA-12542:
ORA-12543:
ORA-12544:
ORA-12545:
ORA-12546:
ORA-12547:
ORA-12549:
ORA-12550:
ORA-12551:
ORA-12552:
ORA-12554:
ORA-12555:
ORA-12556:
ORA-12557:
ORA-12558:
ORA-12560:
ORA-12561:
ORA-12562:
ORA-12564:
ORA-12566:
ORA-12569:
ORA-12570:
ORA-12571:
ORA-12574:
ORA-12582:
ORA-12583:
ORA-12585:
ORA-12589:
ORA-12590:
ORA-12591:
ORA-12592:
ORA-12593:
ORA-12595:
ORA-12596:
ORA-12600:
ORA-12602:
ORA-12606:
ORA-12607:
ORA-12608:
ORA-12609:
ORA-12612:
ORA-12615:
ORA-12623:
ORA-12624:
ORA-12636:
ORA-12637:
ORA-12829:
ORA-12993:
ORA-14117:
ORA-14268:
ORA-16000:
ORA-16003:
ORA-16403:
ORA-16724:
TNS:operation would block
TNS:connection closed
TNS:no such protocol adapter
TNS:buffer over- or under-flow
TNS:internal limit restriction exceeded
TNS:no listener
TNS:address already in use
TNS:destination host unreachable
TNS:contexts have different wait/test functions
Connect failed because target host or object does not exist
TNS:permission denied
TNS:lost contact
TNS:operating system resource quota exceeded
TNS:syntax error
TNS:missing keyword
TNS:operation was interrupted
TNS:current operation is still in progress
TNS:permission denied
TNS:no caller
TNS:protocol adapter not loadable
TNS:protocol adapter not loaded
TNS:protocol adapter error
TNS:unknown error
TNS:bad global handle
TNS:connection refused
TNS:protocol error
TNS:packet checksum failure
TNS:packet reader failure
TNS:packet writer failure
TNS:redirection denied
TNS:invalid operation
TNS:no reader
TNS:data truncation
TNS:connection not bequeathable
TNS:no I/O buffer
TNS:event signal failure
TNS:bad packet
TNS:no registered connection
TNS:no confirmation
TNS:internal inconsistency
TNS: string open failed
TNS: Connection Pooling limit reached
TNS: Application timeout occurred
TNS: Connect timeout occurred
TNS: Send timeout occurred
TNS: Receive timeout occurred
TNS:connection is busy
TNS:preempt error
TNS:operation is illegal in this state
TNS:connection is already registered
Packet send failed
Packet receive failed
Deadlock - itls occupied by siblings at block %s of file %s
tablespace '%s' is offline, cannot drop column
partition resides in offlined tablespace
subpartition '%s' of the partition resides in offlined tablespace
database open for read-only access
standby database is restricted to read-only access
shutdown in progress - remote connection is not permitted
the intended state for resource has been set to OFFLINE
Troubleshooting AWT Cache Groups
5-9
Transient Oracle errors reported by TimesTen
ORA-16903: Unable to connect to database
ORA-16914: Missing connect string. Try \"help\"
ORA-18014: deadlock detected while waiting for resource %s
ORA-21521: exceeded maximum number of connections in OCI (object mode only)
ORA-21522: attempted to use an invalid connection in OCI (object mode only)
ORA-23317: a communication failure has occurred
ORA-24401: cannot open further connections
ORA-24418: Cannot open further sessions.
ORA-24778: cannot open connections
ORA-25400: must replay fetch
ORA-25401: can not continue fetches
ORA-25402: transaction must roll back
ORA-25403: could not reconnect
ORA-25405: transaction status unknown
ORA-25407: connection terminated
ORA-25408: can not safely replay call
ORA-25409: failover happened during the network operation,cannot continue
ORA-25425: connection lost during rollback
ORA-29306: datafile %s is not online
ORA-30006: resource busy; acquire with WAIT timeout expired
ORA-30036: unable to extend segment by %s in undo tablespace '%s'
ORA-30040: Undo tablespace is offline
ORA-31443: deadlock detected while acquiring lock on %s
ORA-37013: (XSACQUIRE_DEADLOCK) Cannot wait to acquire object %j since doing so
would cause a deadlock.
ORA-44317: database open read-only
5-10 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
6
Troubleshooting Replication
6
The following sections in this chapter describe how to troubleshoot some of the
problems you may encounter when replicating databases:
■
Unable to create a replication scheme
■
Unable to alter a replication scheme
■
Unable to start or stop replication agent
■
Using SNMP traps for notification of replication events
■
Replication does not work
■
Replication unresponsive, appears hung
■
Poor replication or XLA performance
■
Problems using ttRepAdmin
■
Problems with conflict checking
Unable to create a replication scheme
This section describes what to check if you are unable to use CREATE REPLICATION
to create a replication scheme.
Possible cause
What to do
You do not have ADMIN
privilege
You must have ADMIN privilege to use the CREATE
REPLICATION or DROP REPLICATION statements.
Incorrect database name,
host name, or element
name.
■
■
See "Check host names" on page 6-7.
■
Use official host names instead of aliases.
■
The local host is not part of
the replication scheme.
Check the CREATE REPLICATION statement for
typographical errors.
The host name should match the value returned by the
hostname command on your system and should be used
consistently throughout the replication scheme.
Create the replication scheme on a host that will be part of the
replication scheme.
Replication tables defined in The name, owner, and column definitions of the tables
the CREATE REPLICATION participating in the replication scheme must be identical on both
statement do not exist.
the master and subscriber databases. Use CREATE TABLE to
create tables on the database, or use the ttRepAdmin
-duplicate utility or the ttRepDuplicateEx C function to
duplicate the entire database to be replicated.
Troubleshooting Replication
6-1
Unable to alter a replication scheme
Possible cause
What to do
Other problems
Review the procedures and requirements described in "Defining
Replication Schemes" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide.
Unable to alter a replication scheme
This section describes what to check if you are unable to use ALTER REPLICATION to
alter a replication scheme.
Possible cause
What to do
You do not have ADMIN privilege
You must have ADMIN privilege to use the ALTER
REPLICATION statement.
Replication agent in Start state
Most ALTER REPLICATION operations are
supported only when the replication agent is
stopped (ttAdmin -repStop). Stop the replication
agents on both master and subscriber databases,
alter the replication scheme on both master and
subscriber databases, then restart both replication
agents.
Incorrect database name, host name, or
element name
■
■
Check ALTER REPLICATION statement for
typographical errors.
See "Check host names" on page 6-7.
Replication table defined in the ALTER
REPLICATION statement does not exist
Use CREATE TABLE to create a table on the
database.
Other problems
Review the procedures and requirements described
in "Altering Replication" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication
Guide.
Unable to start or stop replication agent
This section describes what to check if you are unable to start or stop a replication
agent.
Possible cause
What to do
You do not have ADMIN privileges
You must have ADMIN privileges to use the ttAdmin
utility or the ttRepStart or ttRepStop procedures
to start or stop a replication agent.
TimesTen daemon not started
Check the state of the TimesTen daemon, as described
in "Check the TimesTen user error log" on page 2-2. If
necessary, start the TimesTen daemon as described in
"Working with the Oracle TimesTen Data Manager
Daemon" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
Operations Guide.
Database does not participate in a
replication scheme.
If a database does not participate in a replication
scheme, attempts to start a replication agent for that
database will fail. Use CREATE REPLICATION to
create a replication scheme for the database.
6-2 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Replication does not work
Using SNMP traps for notification of replication events
TimesTen can send SNMP traps for certain replication events to enable network
management software to take immediate action. TimesTen can send the following
traps for replication events:
■
ttRepAgentExitingTrap
■
ttRepAgentDiedTrap
■
ttRepAgentStartingTrap
■
ttRepCatchupStartTrap
■
ttRepCatchupStopTrap
■
ttRepReturnTransitionTrap
■
ttRepSubscriberFailedTrap
■
ttRepUpdateFailedTrap
These traps are described in "Diagnostics through SNMP Traps" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database Error Messages and SNMP Traps.
Replication does not work
If you are unable to get replication working between a master and subscriber database,
the problem may be one or more of the following:
Possible cause
See...
TimesTen daemon and/or replication "Check status of TimesTen daemon and replication
agents not running
agents" on page 6-3
Master and subscriber agents not
communicating
"Check that replication agents are communicating" on
page 6-5
Replication not in Start state
"Check replication state" on page 6-5
Error in replication scheme
"Check replication scheme configuration" on page 6-6
Inconsistent owner names for
replication scheme and tables
"Check owner names" on page 6-7
Inconsistent replication tables
"Check consistency between replicated tables" on
page 6-9
Check status of TimesTen daemon and replication agents
Use the ttStatus utility to confirm the main TimesTen daemon is running and the
replication agents are started for all of your master and subscriber databases. The
output from a simple replication scheme using a single master and subscriber database
should look like that shown in Example 6–1.
If the TimesTen daemon is running, but the replication agents are not, the output looks
like that shown in Example 6–2. In this case, start the replication agents as described in
"Starting and stopping the replication agents" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide.
If neither the TimesTen daemon or replication agents are running, the output looks
like that shown in Example 6–3. In this case, confirm you have correctly installed
TimesTen and the Data Manager service is started, as described in "TimesTen
Installation" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Installation Guide.
Troubleshooting Replication
6-3
Replication does not work
Example 6–1 ttStatus output for one master and one subscriber
C:\>ttStatus
TimesTen status report as of Thu Jan 25 16:23:33 2007
Daemon pid 5088 port 17000 instance MYINSTANCE
TimesTen server pid 4344 started on port 17002
TimesTen webserver pid 4216 started on port 17004
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\subscriber1ds
There are 12 connections to the data store
Data store is in shared mode
Shared Memory KEY Global\DBI45b9471c.2.SHM.2 HANDLE 0x280
Type
PID
Context
Connection Name
ConnID
Process
1244
0x00d08fb0 subscriber1ds
1
Replication
4548
0x00aed2f8 LOGFORCE
4
Replication
4548
0x00b03470 TRANSMITTER
5
Replication
4548
0x00b725a8 RECEIVER
6
Replication
4548
0x00b82808 REPHOLD
2
Replication
4548
0x00b98980 REPLISTENER
3
Subdaemon
2752
0x00526768 Worker
2042
Subdaemon
2752
0x0072a758 Flusher
2043
Subdaemon
2752
0x007308c0 Checkpoint
2044
Subdaemon
2752
0x00736a28 HistGC
2046
Subdaemon
2752
0x067f02f8 Aging
2045
Subdaemon
2752
0x068364a0 Monitor
2047
Replication policy : Manual
Replication agent is running.
Cache agent policy : Manual
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\masterds
There are 12 connections to the data store
Data store is in shared mode
Shared Memory KEY Global\DBI45b945d0.0.SHM.6 HANDLE 0x2bc
Type
PID
Context
Connection Name
ConnID
Process
5880
0x00d09008 masterds
1
Replication
3728
0x00aed570 LOGFORCE
4
Replication
3728
0x00b036e8 TRANSMITTER
5
Replication
3728
0x00b168b8 REPHOLD
3
Replication
3728
0x00b1ca20 REPLISTENER
2
Replication
3728
0x00b22b88 RECEIVER
6
Subdaemon
3220
0x00526768 Worker
2042
Subdaemon
3220
0x0072e768 Flusher
2043
Subdaemon
3220
0x007348d0 Checkpoint
2044
Subdaemon
3220
0x067b0068 Aging
2045
Subdaemon
3220
0x067c0040 Monitor
2047
Subdaemon
3220
0x068404c8 HistGC
2046
Replication policy : Manual
Replication agent is running.
Cache agent policy : Manual
-----------------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\demo
There are no connections to the data store
Replication policy : Manual
Cache agent policy : Manual
-----------------------------------------------------------------------End of report
Example 6–2 Replication agent is not running
> ttStatus
TimesTen status report as of Tue Oct 28 10:31:30 2006
6-4 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Replication does not work
Daemon pid 3396 port 15000 instance MYINSTANCE
TimesTen server pid 3436 started on port 15002
----------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\subscriberds
There are no connections to the data store
cache agent restart policy: manual
----------------------------------------------------------------Data store c:\temp\masterds
There are no connections to the data store
cache agent restart policy: manual
----------------------------------------------------------------End of report
Example 6–3 TimesTen daemon and replication agent are not running
> ttStatus
ttStatus: Could not connect to TimesTen daemon: Connection refused
Check that replication agents are communicating
Use ttRepAdmin -receiver -list to see that the replication agents are
communicating with each other. If the masterds database is replicating to
subscriberds, the output should look similar to the following:
Example 6–4 Check that the replication agents are communicating
> ttRepAdmin -receiver -list masterDSN
Peer name
Host name
Port
---------------- ------------------------ -----SUBSCRIBERDS
MYHOST
Auto
State Proto
------- ----Start
10
Last Msg Sent Last Msg Recv Latency TPS
RecordsPS Logs
------------- ------------- ------- ------- --------- ---0:01:12
19.41
5
52
2
Check replication state
Use the ttReplicationStatus procedure to check state of the subscriber database
with respect to its master. If the subscriber is in the Stop, Pause, or Failed state, use
the ttReplicationStatus procedure to reset the subscriber state to Start, as
described in "Setting the replication state of subscribers" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide.
Example 6–5 Obtain status of the subscriber database from the master database
Use ttReplicationStatus to obtain the status of the subscriberds database
from its master database, masterDSN, enter:
> ttIsql masterDSN
Command> CALL ttReplicationStatus ('subscriberds');
< SUBSCRIBERDS, MYHOST, 0, pause, 1, 10, REPSCHEME, REPL >
1 row found.
To reset state to Start call the ttRepSubscriberStateSet procedure:
Command> CALL ttRepSubscriberStateSet('REPSCHEME', 'REPL', 'SUBSCRIBERDS',
'MYHOST', 0)
Command> CALL ttReplicationStatus ('subscriberds');
< SUBSCRIBERDS, MYHOST, 0, start, 1, 152959, REPSCHEME, REPL >
Troubleshooting Replication
6-5
Replication does not work
1 row found.
Check replication scheme configuration
This section describes some procedures you can use to confirm the correct
configuration of the various components in your replicated system. The basic
procedure categories are:
■
Check ttRepAdmin -showconfig
■
Check the TTREP.TTSTORES table
■
Check host names
Check ttRepAdmin -showconfig
Use ttRepAdmin -showconfig to confirm the configuration of your replication
scheme.
What to look for:
■
■
■
■
■
Are all of the subscriber agents started and reported to be in the Start state? If not,
reset the agents to the Start state. See "Setting the replication state of subscribers"
in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide.
Do the reported Peer names match the names given in the DataStore attributes
in the DSN definitions for the replicated databases? Replication does not work if
you specified the names given for the Data Source Name attributes.
Is there anything under List of subscribers? If not, confirm the database names you
specified in the DSN definition are consistent with those you specified in your
replication scheme configuration file.
Are the Host names correct? If in doubt, see "Check host names" on page 6-7.
Are the correct table names displayed under Table details? If not, correct the table
names in your replication scheme configuration file.
Example 6–6 Confirm the configuration of the replication scheme
> ttRepAdmin -showconfig masterDSN
Self host "MYHOST", port auto, name "MASTERDS", LSN 4/2970276, timeout 120,
threshold 0
List of subscribers
----------------Peer name
Host name
Port
State Proto
---------------- ------------------------ ------ ------- ----SUBSCRIBERDS
MYHOST
Auto
Start
10
Last Msg Sent Last Msg Recv Latency TPS
RecordsPS Logs
------------- ------------- ------- ------- --------- ---0:01:12
19.41
5
52
2
List of tables and subscriptions
-------------------------------Table details
------------Table : REPL.TAB
Master Name
Subscriber Name
----------------------MASTERDS
SUBSCRIBERDS
6-6 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Replication does not work
Check the TTREP.TTSTORES table
Check the TTREP.TTSTORES table to confirm that replication associates the
replication scheme with the local database.
Example 6–7 Confirm that the replication scheme is associated with the local database
Connect to the database and enter:
SELECT * FROM ttrep.ttstores WHERE is_local_store <> 0x0;
Command> select * from ttrep.ttstores where is_local_store <> 0x0;
< -5193371075573733683, MYHOST, MASTERDS, 01, 0, 0, 4, 0 >
1 row found.
There should be exactly one row returned. If more than one row is returned, contact
Technical support. If no rows are returned, then none of the hosts returned by the
following statement is perceived to be a local system by TimesTen replication:
SELECT DISTINCT host_name FROM ttrep.ttstores;
It may also be that none of the database names specified in your replication scheme
match those specified in your DSN descriptions.
Check host names
Some hosts or IP addresses specified in a replication scheme cannot be resolved by the
replication agent because:
■
■
■
Host names or IP addresses specified in the replication scheme are wrong or
misspelled.
Host names or IP addresses cannot be resolved or found by DNS or in the
/etc/hosts file
Entries in the /etc/hosts file are incorrectly ordered in appearance. This error
is most common when multiple NICs are used. You must have root privilege to
make changes to the /etc/hosts files.
See "Configuring host IP addresses" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide for details on how to configure DNS and
/etc/hosts files for host machines used for replication.
To check if a host name in the replication scheme matches the host name of the local
machine, write an application to perform these tasks:
1.
Use a gethostname OS function call to determine the host name of the running
host.
2.
Call gethostbyname with the output from Step 1.
3.
Call gethostbyname with the host name specified in the replication scheme.
4.
Compare output of Step 2 and Step 3. If there is a match, then the running host is
involved in replication. Otherwise, it is not involved in replication.
Check owner names
As described in "Table requirements and restrictions for replication schemes" and
"Owner of the replication scheme and tables" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide, the owner names of your replication
scheme and your replicated tables must be consistent across all participating
databases.
Troubleshooting Replication
6-7
Replication does not work
Checking replication owner
Check the owner name assigned to your replication scheme by calling the ttIsql
repschemes command or by listing the contents of the TTREP.REPLICATIONS table.
Example 6–8 shows that the replication scheme name, REPSCHEME, has a consistent
owner name (REPL) in the databases on both SYSTEM1 and SYSTEM2. Example 6–9
shows the scheme name with inconsistent owner names. This can occur if you omit the
owner name from the replication scheme definition and the system uses the Id of the
replication scheme creator.
Example 6–8 Consistent owner names for replication scheme
On SYSTEM1:
> ttIsql masterDSN
Command> select * from ttrep.replications;
< REPSCHEME
, REPL
1 row found.
, C, 0, 0, -1 >
On SYSTEM2:
> ttIsql -connStr "dsn=subscriberDSN"
Command> select * from ttrep.replications;
< REPSCHEME
, REPL
1 row found.
, C, 0, 0, -1 >
Example 6–9 Inconsistent owner names for replication scheme
On SYSTEM1:
> ttIsql masterDSN
Command> select * from ttrep.replications;
< REPSCHEME
, SYSTEM1
1 row found.
, C, 0, 0, -1 >
On SYSTEM2:
> ttIsql -connStr "dsn=subscriberDSN"
Command> select * from ttrep.replications;
< REPSCHEME
, SYSTEM2
1 row found.
, C, 0, 0, -1 >
Checking table owner
Check the owner names assigned to the tables in each database by using the ttIsql
tables command.
Example 6–10
Consistent table owner names
This example shows that the TAB table has a consistent owner name (REPL) in the
databases on both SYSTEM1 and SYSTEM2.
Output for SYSTEM1
Output for SYSTEM2
SYS.CACHE_GROUP
SYS.CACHE_GROUP
SYS.COLUMNS
SYS.COLUMNS
SYS.COL_STATS
SYS.COL_STATS
SYS.INDEXES
SYS.INDEXES
SYS.MONITOR
SYS.MONITOR
6-8 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Replication does not work
Output for SYSTEM1
Output for SYSTEM2
SYS.PLAN
SYS.PLAN
SYS.TABLES
SYS.TABLES
SYS.TBL_STATS
SYS.TBL_STATS
SYS.TRANSACTION_LOG_API
SYS.TRANSACTION_LOG_API
REPL.TAB
REPL.TAB
TTREP.REPELEMENTS
TTREP.REPELEMENTS
TTREP.REPLICATIONS
TTREP.REPLICATIONS
TTREP.REPPEERS
TTREP.REPPEERS
TTREP.REPSTORES
TTREP.REPSTORES
TTREP.REPSUBSCRIPTIONS
TTREP.REPSUBSCRIPTIONS
TTREP.REPTABLES
TTREP.REPTABLES
TTREP.TTSTORES
TTREP.TTSTORES
Example 6–11
Inconsistent table owner names
This example shows the TAB table with inconsistent owner names, which were
automatically assigned for each host.
Output for SYSTEM1
Output for SYSTEM2
SYS.CACHE_GROUP
SYS.CACHE_GROUP
SYS.COLUMNS
SYS.COLUMNS
SYS.COL_STATS
SYS.COL_STATS
SYS.INDEXES
SYS.INDEXES
SYS.MONITOR
SYS.MONITOR
SYS.PLAN
SYS.PLAN
SYS.TABLES
SYS.TABLES
SYS.TBL_STATS
SYS.TBL_STATS
SYS.TRANSACTION_LOG_API
SYS.TRANSACTION_LOG_API
SYSTEM1.TAB
SYSTEM2.TAB
TTREP.REPELEMENTS
TTREP.REPELEMENTS
TTREP.REPLICATIONS
TTREP.REPLICATIONS
TTREP.REPPEERS
TTREP.REPPEERS
TTREP.REPSTORES
TTREP.REPSTORES
TTREP.REPSUBSCRIPTIONS
TTREP.REPSUBSCRIPTIONS
TTREP.REPTABLES
TTREP.REPTABLES
TTREP.TTSTORES
TTREP.TTSTORES
Check consistency between replicated tables
Replicated tables on both master and subscriber databases must be exactly the same.
Troubleshooting Replication
6-9
Replication unresponsive, appears hung
Example 6–12
Check consistency between replicated tables
This output from the user error log shows a mismatch on the number of columns for
the subscriber table TTUSER.MYDSN.
11:37:58.00 Info: REP: 9430: REP1:transmitter.c(4936): TT16136: Sending
definition for table TTUSER.MYDSN (1 column)
11:37:58.00 Info: REP: 9412: REP2:receiver.c(5928): TT16193: Adding definition
for table: TTUSER.MYDSN
11:37:58.00 Info: REP: 9412: REP2:meta.c(5580):TTUSER.MYDSN ptn 0: srcoff 0,
destoff 0, length 8
11:37:58.00 Info: REP: 9412: REP2:meta.c(5580):TTUSER.MYDSN ptn 1: srcoff 8,
destoff 12, length 12
11:37:58.00 Err : REP: 9412: REP2:receiver.c(6203): TT16198: Table definition
mismatch on number of columns for table TTUSER.MYDSN. Local definition: 2;
transmitting peer: 1
11:37:58.00 Err : REP: 9412: REP2:receiver.c(6380): TT16204: Table TTUSER.MYDSN
marked invalid. Will not apply transactions received for it until a valid
definition is received
11:37:58.00 Err : REP: 9412: REP2:receiver.c(7200): TT16078: Table definition
for ID 637068 is invalid (Original failure 11:37:58
REP2:receiver.c(6203): TT16198: Table definition mismatch on number of columns
for table TTUSER.MYDSN. Local definition: 2; transmitting peer: 1)
11:37:58.00 Err : REP: 9412: REP2:receiver.c(5002): TT16187: Transaction
1173958671/2; Error: transient 0, permanent 1
Replication unresponsive, appears hung
Table summary is in the first heading cell.
Possible cause
See...
Failed subscriber
"Check replication state" on page 6-10
Return-receipt timeout period too
long
"Check return receipt timeout setting" on
page 6-10
Check replication state
Use the ttReplicationStatus procedure to check state of the subscriber database
with respect to its master. If the subscriber is in the Failed state, see "Managing
database failover and recovery" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to
TimesTen Replication Guide for information on how to deal with failed databases.
Example 6–13
Check replication state
Use ttReplicationStatus to obtain the status of the subscriberds database
from its master database, masterDSN, enter:
> ttIsql masterDSN
Command> CALL ttReplicationStatus ('subscriberds');
< SUBSCRIBERDS, MYHOST, 0, failed, 1, 10, REPSCHEME, REPL >
1 row found.
Check return receipt timeout setting
Use the ttRepSyncGet procedure to check the return receipt timeout setting. A value
of -1 indicates the application is to wait until it receives an acknowledgement from the
subscriber. Network latency or other issues might delay receipt of the subscriber
6-10 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Poor replication or XLA performance
acknowledgment. You either address these issues or use the ttRepSyncGet
procedure to reset the return receipt timeout period.
See "Checking the status of return service transactions" in the Oracle TimesTen
In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide for more information.
Poor replication or XLA performance
Most of this section addresses issues that may impact replication performance. Some
issues, such as log buffer too small and reading from the transaction log files on disk,
can impact the performance of both replication and XLA applications.
Possible cause
See...
Slow network
"Check network bandwidth" on page 6-11
Using RETURN RECEIPT
"Check use of return receipt blocking" on page 11
Inefficient replication scheme
"Check replication configuration" on page 12
Log buffer too small
"Check size of log buffer" on page 6-12
Frequent or inefficient disk
writes
"Check durability settings" on page 6-12
Reading from transaction log
files on disk rather than the log
buffer
"Check for reads from transaction log files" on page 6-12
High rate of conflicts
"Conflict reporting slows down replication" on page 6-16
Check network bandwidth
Replication agents typically communicate over some type of network connection. If
replicating over a network slower than 10 MB per second (such as common with a 100
Base-T Ethernet typical in a LAN), you must be careful to match the transaction load
to the available bandwidth of the network. see "Network bandwidth requirements" in
the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide for
details.
Check use of return receipt blocking
Unless you need receipt confirmation for all your transactions, disable RETURN
RECEIPT BLOCKING. If you require receipt confirmation for some transactions, then
set RETURN RECEIPT BY REQUEST and call the ttRepSyncSet procedure to enable
the return receipt service for specific transactions. See "RETURN RECEIPT BY
REQUEST" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication
Guide for details.
Note: The performance degradation caused by return-receipt
becomes less of an issue when multiple applications (or threads) are
updating the database. If you must use return-receipt in a transaction,
you can improve the performance of your application by using
multiple threads to update the database. Though each thread must
block for receipt confirmation, the other threads are free to make
updates.
Troubleshooting Replication 6-11
Poor replication or XLA performance
Check replication configuration
In addition to return-receipt setting described above, other factors related to the
configuration of your replication scheme could impact replication performance. As
described in "Making decisions about performance and recovery trade-offs" in the
Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide, you often
have to weigh the ability to efficiently failover and recover a database against
replication performance.
For more information about direct replication, see "Direct replication or propagation"
in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide.
Check size of log buffer
Setting your log buffer too small may impact replication performance. Instead, Set the
LogBufMB DSN attribute to a larger size. For more information on this DSN attribute,
see "Setting connection attributes for logging" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory
Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide
Check durability settings
You can improve replication performance by setting TRANSMIT NONDURABLE on
the replication ELEMENT to eliminate the flush-log-to-disk operation from the
replication cycle. See "Setting transmit durability on data store elements" in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide for details.
Enabling the DURABLE COMMIT option in your replication scheme also impacts
performance. See "DURABLE COMMIT" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database
TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide for more information.
Check for reads from transaction log files
In some situations a "log reader," such as a master replication agent 'transmitter'
thread or a ttXlaNextUpdate call in an XLA application, may not be able to keep up
with the update rate of the applications writing to the database. Normally, replication
and XLA readers get update records from the log buffer in memory. When the readers
fall behind the application update rate, transaction log files can accumulate on the disk
until the backlog can be cleared. This forces the readers to read transactions from the
transaction log files on disk, which is much slower. Should you detect reads from the
transaction log files, you may want to respond by decreasing the rate of application
updates to that sustainable by the log readers.
Applications can monitor whether log readers are obtaining update records from
transaction log files on disk rather than from the log buffer in memory by tracking the
SYS.MONITOR table entry LOG_FS_READS. For example, you can check the value of
LOG_FS_READS for the database, MASTERDSN, with the following ttIsql command:
% ttIsql -v1 -e "select log_fs_reads from monitor; quit;" -connStr dsn=MASTERDSN
If the LOG_FS_READS counter is increasing, the log readers are falling behind or
clearing out a backlog in the transaction log files.
For more complete monitoring of replication progress, create a simple shell script like
the following:
!/bin/sh
trap exit 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
DSN=$1
6-12 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Poor replication or XLA performance
while [ 1 ] ; do
date
ttRepAdmin -receiver -list -connStr dsn=$DSN
echo -n "Log reads from disk: "
ttIsql -v1 -e "select log_fs_reads from monitor; quit;" -connStr dsn=$DSN
echo
ttRepAdmin -bookmark -connStr dsn=$DSN
sleep 15
done
Example 6–14
Check the status of the transaction log
For example, you name the above script monitorLog and your replication scheme
replicates from the MASTERDSN database to the SUBSCRIBER1DSN database. You can
then check the status of the transaction log by entering:
$ monitorLog masterdsn
This generates output similar to the following:
Mon Aug 2 10:44:40 2004
Peer name
Host name
Port
---------------- ------------------------ -----SUBSCRIBER1DSN
MYHOST
Auto
State Proto
------- ----Start
12
Last Msg Sent Last Msg Recv Latency TPS
RecordsPS Logs
------------- ------------- ------- ------- --------- ---00:00:05
-1.00
-1
-1
1
Log reads from disk: < 0 >
Replication hold LSN ...... 10/2656136
Last written LSN .......... 10/4015824
Last LSN forced to disk ... 10/3970152
The output from the script displays an updated status every 15 seconds until you enter
Ctrl-C to exit.
Following the date in the output in Example 6–14 is the name of the subscriber, its
host, and so on. Next is latency and rate information, as well as the number of
transaction log files being retained on behalf of this subscriber. The specific meaning of
each value is described in "Using ttRepAdmin to display subscriber list" in the Oracle
TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide. The main interest
here is the 'Last Msg Sent' and 'Logs' values. The 'Last Msg Sent' value indicates the
elapsed time since the last message was sent by the master to the subscriber and 'Logs'
indicates how many transaction log files behind the replication log reader is from the
current log insertion point used by the writers (Last written LSN).
Normally the 'Logs' value should be '1', as shown in Example 6–14. A steadily
increasing 'Logs' value indicates latency is increasing and eventually log reads are
satisfied from disk.
Troubleshooting Replication 6-13
Problems using ttRepAdmin
If the LogBufMB is larger than the LogFileSize, an increase
in the 'Logs' value does not necessarily mean the log readers are
reading from the transaction log files. This is because the log manager
does not allow more than one log file's worth of data to be
outstanding before writing it to the file system. After the log manager
writes the data, the data remains in the log buffer to be read directly
by the log readers. So, when the LogBufMB is larger than the
LogFileSize, the 'Logs" value alone may not be the best measure of
whether log readers are reading from memory or from disk.
Note:
The output from:
ttRepAdmin -bookmark -connStr dsn=$DSN
displays the number of the transaction log files and the location of the bookmarks set
by the log manager, as described in "From the command line: ttRepAdmin -bookmark"
in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to TimesTen Replication Guide. The
difference between the Replication hold LSN and the last written LSN indicates the
number of records in the transaction log that have not yet been transmitted to the
subscribers. A steady increase in the difference between these values is another
indication that replication latency is increasing and log file reads are likely to occur.
Example 6–15
Log reader must read from transaction log files
In this example, assume the LogBufMB is 16MB and the LogFileSize is 8MB. The
following output indicates the log reader is approximately 1.8 MB behind the capacity
of the log buffer and must read from the transaction log files, 14 and 15.
Peer name
---------------SUBSCRIBER1DSN
Host name
Port
------------------------ -----MYHOST
Auto
State
Proto
------- ----Start
12
Last Msg Sent Last Msg Recv Latency TPS
RecordsPS Logs
------------- ------------- ------- ------- --------- ---00:00:03
-1.00
-1
-1
4
Log reads from disk: <20>
Replication hold LSN ...... 14/7007464
Last written LSN .......... 17/465336
Last LSN forced to disk ... 17/456152
Problems using ttRepAdmin
This section includes the following topics:
■
Problems using ttRepAdmin -duplicate
■
Returns 'Must specify -scheme' error
Problems using ttRepAdmin -duplicate
If you connected to your new subscriber DSN before running ttRepAdmin
-duplicate, the database has already been created. In this situation, -duplicate
returns:
Error : Restore not done : The datastore already exists.
Unable to restore datastore locally
6-14 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Problems with conflict checking
Confirm the existence of the database by running ttStatus and checking to see if the
database is in the returned list. If the new subscriber database exists, destroy it and try
ttRepAdmin -duplicate again:
> ttDestroy /tmp/newstore
> ttRepAdmin -dsn newstoreDSN -duplicate -name newstore
-from masterds -host "server1"
If you have made an error entering the subscriber database name or host name in the
replication scheme, you may see something like the following:
Unable to swap datastore locally
No receiver NEWSTORE on SERVER2 found to swap with
Returns 'Must specify -scheme' error
If you have more than one scheme specified in your TTREP.REPLICATIONS table,
some ttRepAdmin commands may return the error:
Must specify -scheme to identify which replication scheme to use
To check the names of the replication schemes used by your database, use the ttIsql
utility to connect, and enter:
Command> SELECT * from TTREP.REPLICATIONS;
Example 6–16
Two replication schemes assigned to the database
This example shows that two replication schemes, REPSCHEME1 and REPSCHEME2,
are assigned to the database associated with subDSN. In this case, it is necessary to use
the ttRepAdmin -scheme option.
> ttIsql -connStr
Command> SELECT *
< REPSCHEME1
< REPSCHEME2
2 rows found.
Command> exit
> ttRepAdmin -dsn
Peer name
---------------SUBSCRIBER1
"dsn=subDSN"
from TTREP.REPLICATIONS;
, REPL
, C, 0, 0, -1 >
, REPL
, C, 0, 0, -1 >
subDSN -receiver -list -scheme REPSCHEME1
Host name
Port
State Proto
------------------------ ------ ------- ----MYHOST
Auto
Start
10
Last Msg Sent Last Msg Recv Latency TPS
RecordsPS Logs
------------- ------------- ------- ------- --------- ---0:01:12
19.41
5
52
2
Problems with conflict checking
This section includes the following topics:
■
Column cannot be used for replication timestamp
■
Timestamp does not exist
■
Conflict reporting slows down replication
Troubleshooting Replication 6-15
Problems with conflict checking
Column cannot be used for replication timestamp
When attempting to set CHECK CONFLICTS for an element in a CREATE
REPLICATION statement, you may encounter an error similar to the following:
8004: Column REPL.TABS.TS cannot be used for replication timestamp checking if
in an index or added by ALTER TABLE; and must be binary(8) with NULL values
allowed.
In this situation, check:
■
■
That the timestamp column in the specified table is a nullable column of type
BINARY(8). In the above example, the TS column in the REPL.TAB table should
have a type of BINARY(8).
The timestamp column is defined in the original CREATE TABLE statement, rather
than added later using ALTER TABLE.
Timestamp does not exist
You may receive an error similar to the following:
2208: Column TS does not exist in table.
In this situation, confirm that you have specified the correct name for the timestamp
column in the CHECK CONFLICTS clause and that it exists in the specified table.
Also, make sure the timestamp column is not part of a primary key or index.
Conflict reporting slows down replication
If you have configured replication to check conflicts, TimesTen sends reports to the
local host. You can also configure a report file. See "Diagnostics through SNMP Traps"
in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Error Messages and SNMP Traps.
If there is a large number of conflicts in a short period of time, subscriber performance
can slow down because of the reporting requirements. You can use store attributes in
the CREATE REPLICATION or ALTER REPLICATION statements to suspend and
resume conflict reporting at specified rates of conflict:
■
CONFLICT REPORTING SUSPEND AT rate
■
CONFLICT REPORTING RESUME AT rate
Information about conflicts that occur while reporting is suspended cannot be
retrieved.
See "Reporting conflicts" in the Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database TimesTen to
TimesTen Replication Guide.
6-16 Oracle TimesTen In-Memory Database Troubleshooting Procedures Guide
Index
A
AgentTimeout parameter, 3-23
aging
monitoring, 1-14
ALTER REPLICATION
troubleshooting, 6-2
asynchronous writethrough cache group, see AWT
cache group
autorefresh
diagnose, 3-22
Failed status, 3-14
fails, 3-9
full, 3-19
incremental, 3-19
interval too small, 3-28
monitoring
change log tables, 3-13
SQL script, 3-13
support log, 3-13
monitoring the change log tables, 3-13
performance, 3-22, 3-23, 3-26, 3-28
setting FREELISTS, 3-26
setting INITRANS, 3-26
trace, 1-16
AUTOREFRESH trace, 3-22
AWR report
DBMS_LOCK, 3-29
AWT cache group
dropped object, 5-4
error file, 5-3
operation failure, 3-9
Oracle errors, 5-3, 5-4
replication problems, 5-1
awterr file, 5-3
B
base table
performance, 3-27
buffer busy waits, 3-26
C
cache
DBMS_LOCK, 3-29
trigger
performance, 3-15
cache agent
problems starting, 3-2
cache grid
attach, 3-3
detach, 3-3
recover, 3-3
unexpected failure, 3-3
cache group
autorefresh fails, 3-9
AWT operation failure, 3-9
create failure, 3-28
DDL tracking, 3-9
load failure, 3-9
loading fails, 3-10
performance, 3-27
recover, 3-23
refreshing fails, 3-10
cache groups
performance, 3-15
cacheInfo.sql script, 3-13
change log record
size, 3-20
change log table, 3-20
CHECK CONFLICTS
timestamp problems, 6-16
client/server
out of space, 2-9
problems, 2-6
thread stack overflow, 2-8
concurrent connections
maximum for server, 2-7
conflict reporting
suspending, 6-16
connect identifier, 3-5
connection
maximum concurrent server, 2-7
connection status, 1-2
connection timeout
Oracle client/server versions, 3-5
connections
maximum number on Windows XP, 2-8
create cache group
null constraint, 3-9
unsupported data type mapping, 3-9
Index-1
CREATE SESSION privilege, 2-4
D
daemon
support log, 1-6
user error log, 1-6
database
dead, 3-23
recover, 3-23
datablock
availability, 3-15
DBMS_LOCK
contention, 3-29
dbms_shared_pool.keep procedure, 3-15
DDL
tracking, 3-9
DeadDbRecovery parameter, 3-23
DEADLOCK tracing, 1-11
deadlocks, 3-26
downgrade
version 7 to version 6, 4-1
E
error
filesize limit exceeded, 2-20
out of memory, 2-19
error tracing, 1-13
F
failures
server, 2-7
file size
limits, 2-20
tracing, 2-20
filesize limit exceeded error, 2-20
FREELISTS
setting, 3-26
H
hanging application, 2-13
I
IMDB cache
database
recover, 3-23
dead database, 3-23
performance, 3-15
INITRANS
setting, 3-26
ipcrm command, 2-5
ipcs command, 2-5
isolation
levels, 2-12
Index-2
L
LOAD CACHE GROUP
failure, 3-10
lock
levels, 2-12
timeout, 1-19
tracing, 1-12
LockLevel attribute, 2-12
log buffer
replication, 6-12
log table
performance, 3-27
LogBufMB first connection attribute,
6-12
M
memory
shared
consumption, 2-16
used by query, 2-18
multiple connections
thread stack overflow, 2-8
multithreaded applications
conflicts, 2-14
N
NOVALIDATE state
cache group failure, 3-28
O
OCI initialization failure, 3-8
ODBC tracing, 1-20
optimizer
update table statistics, 2-11
ORA-12154, 3-5
Oracle client/server interoperability, 3-5
Oracle errors
AWT cache group, 5-4
AWT cache groups, 5-3
Oracle tablespace, 3-19
ORACLE_HOME
changing, 3-3
out of memory error, 2-19
out of space
client/server multiple connections, 2-9
P
parallel query
enable, 3-16
performance
autorefresh cache group, 3-26
buffy busy waits, 3-26
excessive deadlocks, 3-26
IMDB cache, 3-15
isolation levels, 2-12
large tables, 3-27
lock levels, 2-12
refresh, 3-26
row lock waits, 3-26
PermSize attribute, 2-5
primary key
VALIDATE state, 3-29
problems
checking connection status, 1-2
client/server, 2-6
finding tables, 2-15
hanging application, 2-13
transaction log files accumulating, 2-19
ps command, 2-5
Q
query
checking memory used, 2-18
R
Read Committed isolation level
SELECT gives duplicate results, 2-21
REFRESH CACHE GROUP
failure, 3-10
replication
agent
unable to stop or start, 6-2
log buffer, 6-12
performance
conflict reporting, 6-16
poor performance, 6-11
troubleshooting, 5-2, 6-1, 6-3
rollbacks
tracing, 1-10
row lock waits, 3-26
S
sar reporting tool, 2-16
sar tool, 2-16
SELECT statement
duplicate results, 2-21
semaphore
removal, 2-5
server
failures, 2-7
maximum concurrent connections, 2-7
SGA
datablock
availability, 3-15
keep portion, 3-15
shared memory
estimate size, 2-5
maximum size reached, 2-5
query limits, 2-5
remove segment, 2-5
shared segment
too many in use, 2-3
unable to create, 2-3
SIGXFSZ signal, 2-20
SNMP traps, 1-20
replication, 6-3
space
monitoring, 1-10
SQL tracing, 1-9
statement preparation
importance of, 2-12
support log
monitoring autorefresh, 3-13
Oracle errors, 5-4
SYS tables, 1-20
system tables
monitoring, 1-20
troubleshooting contention, 2-14
T
table
update statistics, 2-11
tables
abnormally large, 3-27
large, 3-16
tablespace
cache administration user, 3-19
create, 3-19
diagnose, 3-20
full, 0-xiv, 3-20, 3-21
managing, 0-xiv, 3-21
monitor, 0-xiv, 3-21
Oracle, 3-19
recovery, 0-xiv, 3-21
set threshold warning, 0-xiv, 3-21
TblSpaceFullRecovery parameter, 3-21
TblspaceThreshold parameter, 3-21
TempSize attribute, 2-5
thread stack overflow
multiple client connections, 2-8
TimesTen daemon
support log, 1-6
user error log, 1-6
tnsnames.ora identifier, 3-5
top reporting tool
vmstat tool, 2-16
trace
output format, 1-8
tracing
AGING trace, 1-14
API trace, 1-10
AUTOREFRESH trace, 1-16
deadlocks, 1-11
error tracing, 1-13
file size, 2-20
how to turn on, 1-20
LOCK trace, 1-12
ODBC trace, 1-20
SQL trace, 1-9
transaction
log buffer, 6-12
log files
accumulation, 2-19
triggers
Index-3
performance, 3-15
troubleshooting, 3-1
AWT dropped object, 5-4
client/server, 2-6
connection status, 1-2
finding tables, 2-15
hanging application, 2-13
low on space, 1-10
ODBC trace, 1-20
replication, 6-1
server failures, 2-7
transaction log files accumulating, 2-19
ttCacheAutorefreshStatsGet procedure, 3-22
Failed status, 3-14
ttCacheConfig built-in procedure, 3-21, 3-22, 3-23
ttCapture utility, 1-5
ttGridAttach utility, 3-3
ttGridDetachList utility, 3-3
ttIsql utility
using, 1-1
ttLockLevel procedure, 2-12
ttmodinstall utility
using, 3-3
ttOptSetFlag procedure, 2-12
ttOptUpdateStats procedure, 2-11
ttRepAdmin utility
troubleshooting, 6-14
ttRepStart utility, 3-3
ttSize utility
estimate memory, 2-5
ttStatus utility
using, 1-2
ttTraceMon utility
AGING tracing, 1-14
API tracing, 1-10
AUTOREFRESH tracing, 1-16
DEADLOCK tracing, 1-11
error tracing, 1-13
LOCK tracing, 1-12
output format, 1-8
SQL tracing, 1-9
using, 1-6
ttXactAdmin utility
using for troubleshooting, 1-19
U
ulimit command, 2-5
UNIC
ps command, 2-5
UNIX
ipcrm command, 2-5
ipcs command, 2-5
ulimit command, 2-5
V
VALIDATE state
primary key, 3-29
vmstat reporting tool, 2-16
Index-4
X
XLA
poor performance, 6-11
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